E D U A R D O VA R A S
some prersonal and professional information
Born in Barcelona on the 8th of April of 1983 e.mail / firstname.lastname@example.org
EDUCATION Postgraduate Course “Proyectar el Territorio” of the MPU_UPC / February 2012 - May 2012 Barcelona_ ETSAB (UPC) http://www.etsab.upc.edu/ Grant to attend the Taller Proyectar el Territorio included in this postgraduate course on urbanism, where we did a territorial project for the east coast of Tenerife, Spain.
Walden 2.0 _ BEAU XI / July 2011 Santander_ COACAN http://xi.bienalarquitectura.es/ Grant to attend the X Taller de Arquitectura del Coacan inlcuded in the official programme of the XI Bienal Española de Arquitectura y Urbanismo (BEAU XI) and the lecture series at UIM. This workshop called Walden 2.0 or Life & Mobility was supervised by Ángel Alonso y Victoria Acebo (aceboXalonso) y Julián Galindo.
Research Workshop “Delirious Rapanui” / July 2010 Barcelona_ ETSAB (UPC) http://www.etsab.upc.edu/ Grant to attend the research workshop Delirious Rapanui. This workshop analyzed the impact that tourism has in a territory and its capacity of transformation in the especific case of Isla de Pascua, Chile.
Master en Teoría y Practica del Proyecto Arquitectónico / September 2009 -July 2010 Barcelona_ ETSAB (UPC) http://www.etsab.upc.edu/ Official Master’s Degree in architectural designing. Master’s Thesis “Lafayette Park. Escalas de Proyecto” was supervised by Teresa Rovira who followed the steps of the Form Research Team. Final qualification: 7/10
7º Seminary of Modern Architecture / 5th-6th May 2010 Barcelona_ CASA AMÉRICA http://www.americat.cat/ Seminary about social colective housing in Argentina and Chile. Recovery and difusion of modern heritage 1959-1965, organized by Form an investigation team at UPC.
Degree in Architecture at ETSAB (UPC) / July 2009 Barcelona_ ETSAB (UPC) http://www.etsab.upc.edu/ Final Project: Art Comunity Center in El Prat, Barcelona. Tutor: Alfons Soldevila Examining Board: A. Soldevila, F. Maña, F. Álvarez, F.Labastida
Facoltá di Architettura di Firenze / September 2007-June 2008 Florencia_UNIFI http://www.arch.unifi.it/ Erasmus Exchange Programme at University of Florence, Italy.
Escuela Técnica Superior de Arquitectura de Barcelona (ETSAB) / September 2001 Barcelona_ ETSAB (UPC) http://www.etsab.upc.edu/
ACADEMIC TIC.TOC / April 2010-April 2012 Barcelona_ ETSAB (UPC) http://tallerobertetsab.wix.com/tictoc Participated as a professor at the toc.toc workshop to prepare international competitions in collaboration with students, teachers and architects of Barcelona’s Architecture University, ETSAB-UPC. Badel Block (Zagreb) /99 viviendas de VPO (Madrid) /Rome City Vision (Roma)/ Centro Cultural en Hernani
languages / spanish / catalan / english /italian software / office / cad / 3ds / archicad / sketchup / photoshop / indesign hobbies / painting / photography / classic motorbikes / snowboard
WORK DAW Architectures Workshop / November 2010-April 2012 Barcelona_ http://www.dawoffice.com Project Manager. Development of executive projects and architectural competitons with either public or private commision. Experience in housing and cultural public equipments.
Joan Pascual i Ausió SLP / December 2010-February 2011 Barcelona_ http://www.joanpascual.com/ Junior Architect. Colaboration in development and presentation of the executive project Pericot School.
Codinachs Architects / November 2009 Barcelona_ http://www.codinachs-architects.com Junior Architect. Colaboration in development and presentation of the executive project “Al Etihad Comercial Tower” at Shams Abu Dhabi, Al reem Island.
CCRS Arquitectos / December 2008-February 2009 Barcelona_http://arquitectes.coac.net/ccrs/ Funded intership. Colaboration in development and presentation of the urban project “Área Residencial Estratégica el Poquí, Manlleu” and “Plan Director Urbanístico de las colonias del Ter y del Freser” that won the “Premio Bonaplata Especial de Patrimonio” award in 2011.
ETSAB / November 2008 Barcelona_http://arquitectes.coac.net/ccrs/ Research Fellowship. Member of the team that wrote “Valoración de la Modificación del Plan General Metropolitano (MPGM) en el distrito del 22@” and that was ordered by City Council of Barcelona to the Escuela Técnica Superior de Arquitectura de Barcelona (ETSAB). This team analyzed many issues onurban landscape. Project Department: Víctor Rahola, Mamen Domingo, Jaime Ferrer Urbanism Department: Carles Crosas, Jordi Franquesa, Ferran Sagarra, Julián Galindo Landscape Department: Maria Goula
García i Gasull SCP / October 2006-September 2007 Barcelona_ http://garciagasullarquitectes.com/ Funded intership. Architectural internship on housign projects development.
Mercè Sans Alfonso Arquitecta / April 2005 -February 2006 Funded intership. Architectural internship on housign projects development.
Ingeniería Carlos Jové SL / June 2002 - Augut 2002 Intership draughtsman.
ciudad sostenible del futuro
common spaces new urban ecosystems design by Edu Varas
ARCH.REVOLUTION? Nowadays architecture is going through and incipient new revolution that starts to be present in the mind of the new generations. Therefore, architecture has been forced to be reinvented in a way because of the economic situation and also because of the values crisis that has seized the prfession. This revolution has forced architects to rethink and even reinvest their creative processes dominated in recent years only by aesthetic values that where subject to the dictatorship of the media. But where is this postmodern movement dominated by marketing taking us? Are we represented by specific architectural works or is the city represented by a more global idea where the urban project is closely linked to urban architectural project? Architecture has to be able to create a game between mind, territory and society to find thoose measures that balance the relations between these three dimensions. The building of the place it is therefore the strongest imperative of architecture to favour the creation of diagonal comunication between design, construction and use. it is inevitably to ask the future of these architectures if we understand that this modernity seeks to unify science, art and politics in a single formal process completly unrelated to the formalism of international style. We are talking about unique and unrepeatable processes that anwer a set of variables that determine a clear specification linked to a particular time and place. However it is true that the postmodern city (as the environment where this modernity applies) is going through a path that undoubtedly leads to the loss of its most primitive identity. This is where marketing processes and commercial interests are imposed to architecture and so they result as projects unrelated to the cities where they are placed. It is dangerous that the “know-howto make ” architecture is established in terms that have nothing to do with architecture but rather with the economy and trade, especially when the virtual ends replacing reality by breaking the dialogue between territory and culture due to the imposition of design as the unique way of formalizing the project. As BenJamm said “every city dreams the next century with the language of precedent one” which has given a logical continuity to the changes that have been transforming our urban territory but and creating a complex reality but at the same time intertwined together. This evolutionary continuity that always looks the past and that has a natural, slow and paused process, if only to oppose, has been constantly accompaning our culture throughout history and that in this XXI century, we are losing irrefutably. The unlinking with history not only makes us break that connection with the past but also does not let us understand the present and face the future, and so we loose sight of the reality of the place. The postmodern city of production and economy reflects a desire plenty of fantasy that separates it from reality. The boundaries between dream and reality disappear to the extent that it generates a fear that this dream could be broken. Perhaps we are about to live a new nightmare if we do not rethink as architects the path that our architecture should follow and more importantly, our cities. Martin Luther King had already advised us some years ago that we are all responsible in one way or another from past mistakes if we do not try to do something to avoid them. Perhaps it is about time that words become facts, and not just as a simple opposition to an architecture that we reject but to the one that we are still not offering alternatives Barcelona, August 2012 Eduardo Varas “History will have to record that the greatest tragedy of this period of social transition was not the strident clamor of the bad people, but the appalling silence of the good people” Martin Luther King
academic work some succesfull examples
100 Dwellings in Sagrera
Live.in outlines an introverted way of living, which relates to its environment through a mimesis based on exclusion. Like a herd that gets grouped to protect the young, the inside of the houses are grouped around a central courtyard, creating a shield that protects and isolates from the chaos of the city and its dangers.
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Joan Pascual 2005 / 2006 Sagrera. Barcelona
This proposal is included within the urban renewal project of Nova Sagrera in Barcelona. It is inserted into a new net od expansion that becomes the limit between the railway and the old net. The proposal accommodates itself to the existing heights and alignments adapting itself to the immediate environment and allowing permeability in ground floor so it relates to that environment.
Dwellings in Raval
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Joan Pascual 2005 / 2006 Raval. Barcelona
Next to the old drassanes of Barcelona in the neighbourhood of the Raval this proposal intends to shape the existing public space to offer it to the residents. Within a dense and disarticulated tissue, the proposal takes the public space as mechanism of design through the work, and so it oxygenates the tissue through the creation of small squares, streets, and porches...
Live.out it doesnÂ´t protect the environment by turning in on itself but uses it in its favour, by absorbing it, shaping it and deforms it in order to domesticate it. The dwellings get grouped in an organic form adapted to their immediate environment and modelling through its negative. The relation among the public spaces that articulate volumes will be determined by the twist of these pieces.
WORK ON which turns the proposal. The business buildings and offices are separated into two bodies that spring from the base closing spatially the piece of land and opening it to the sea. The separation between the two buildings creates a fundamental tension to understand the proposal as a unit and not as the addition of different parts.
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Toni Barcel贸 2006 / 2007 Barceloneta. Barcelona
This present project is located as the end of the seafront of Barceloneta. The proposal seeks to answer two initial objectives: to encourage city-sea permeability and to generate a large public space in which the proposal will revolve around. The gap that exists in this piece of land will be exaggerated to create a base as a perimeter that surrounds the central courtyard, creating two places at different heights. The central courtyard becomes the ball on
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Toni Barcel貌. 2006 / 2007 Ceuta. Spain
Ceuta is a city that has lost its relationship with the sea either by physical barriers or because their own boundaries act as a border. The proposal builds on the idea of recovering this relationship sea-city. We will redefine the limit as a set of platforms allowing the sea to come into town in between those platforms. The new waterfront breaks down allowing this new sea-city dialogue. In the same way there are 3 new volumes that are situated on the edge and relate the upper side of the promenade with
the lower one. This lay out responds to the idea of pieces that have been brought by the stream and have been deposited in an apparently random way on the upper platform to give a typical final promenade.
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A. Baratelli / T.Fioravanti 2007 / 2008 Rifredi. Florence (ITALY)
The project is located in the middle of the new square that connects the three projects under the new educational Rifredi pole. The proposal for the kinder garden through two volumes connected by a transverse corridor. In the longer body are common services in addition to rooms for younger children. In the body more volumes are set classrooms. The distribution of the classroom is designed with its users and their activity (free activity and directed). In each classroom there are different areas designed for the development of a particular activity: learning, playing, sleeping, playing outside, toileting, dressing ... All these rooms open onto a large outdoor patio that is set as the meeting point and a list of all students.
6 7 10
Prof: Alfoins Soldevila Date: 2009 Place: El Part de Llobregat. Barcelona
Center for young artists
ART COMUNITY The project is located in the borders of Llobregat River just at the junction with freeway C32. The formalism of this project is the result of the study of the different qualities of the place: the freeway and the river topography. Both the freeway and the river are lines on the land where the building has a relationship: a natural one and an artificial one. The project begins with this language: similarities. The sinuosity of these traces that appear like lines that are intertwined and superposed in different levels, gets translated into the formalism of the project. “Forjados” that slide ones next to the others by generating a central space of relation. The program is divided in three different areas: the public one and administration, the productive area, and the training one. These 3 areas have a relationship between each other but at the same time they are independent pieces around the common central space. The access is in the central courtyard through a big porch that unites the north and south blocks. At the edge of the south block will be the public area and it is where we find the conference hall and the bar. Them both can act as independent equipment of the river station. In the other hand, the north block is the productive area and we can find the development of the arty activities. It is the heart of the project and it opens visually to the river. The ground floor has a more academic look and feeds the floor above with rental workshops. The third floor is designed for the training and it relates the blocks unifying them like a bridge.
AREA ATENCIÓN AL PÚBLICO
AREA GESTIÓN Y ADMINISTRACIÓN
SERVICIOS E INSTALACIONES
The structure is thought metallic estructure of 7x10 with beam IPN 500 and pillars HEB 400. The framework will be resolved with a metallic sheet and with a layer of compressing concrete that helps to save big lights. Because the project is located at the edges of the river we have to consider that the phreatic level is going to be high and therefore the ideal base cannot be ensured with a conventional foundation. That is why we will use a deep foundation until the resistant substrate The framework at the ground floor will be lift to the floor to protect it from humidity. One of the projects premises was to take advantage of the climate possibilities of the area. The proximity to the Agricultural Park, to the river and to the sea, becomes a natural Thermic regulator. The orientation practically north-south obliges to face the room north so we can get indirect light which is better for manual work. The hallways to the south act as a thermic mattress to become passive systems of the building. The proximity in the phreatic level becomes an advantage because we can use its potential through a geothermal installation.
some works in colaboration with ...
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Victor Rahola + H. Sanz + E.Varas Junio 2010 Hernani. Spain
Cultutal Center at Hernani
TAILER IREKIA The piece of land of the present competition was located in the vasc village of Hernani, specifically in an area among water, where there was an inflection point between the centre and the residential area with a drop of approximately 15m. To the complexity of this drop, we had to add the programmatic division in 3 different areas (cultural centre, music school, and a big stage room) that had to function as a whole but maintaining its independence. Therefore, the goal was to find a solution that gave answer to those two points. From the study of the relationships created in a programmatic and occupational level, the idea of vacuum was born. Starting from a 100% occupation of the piece of land we were drilling that volume so the vacuum could generate not only the programmatic relationships that the competition demanded but also it could become into a pedestrian tour that connected the lower elevation with the upper one through the building itself.
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Joan Pascual + H. Sanz + E.Varas June 2010 Madrid. Spain
Nuestra SeĂąora de los Angeles 1
The purpose of the present competition is has been presented as a compact and linear block adjusted to the alignments given. As a starting point for the implementation of the building raises two distinct facades: the east facade is open to the green area and the west to the street. This idea is enhanced with the permeability of the ground floor and the two large open courtyards opened to the facade. Given the severe restrictions proposed in the contest, both programmatic and formal, we opted for a clear organization in every way that glimpsed the rigidity imposed on the bases but subtly breaking it as if it was one more rule. The double symmetry, the drilling of the yards and the visual randomness in the ending of the faĂ§ades, hide the formality with which it has built throughout the project.
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DAW OFFICE Febrero 2011 Palma Mallorca. Spain
Day-care center and old people’s home
ES.PATI.DES.RETIR One of the priorities of the proposal has been to respect the existing buildings, which arises not only rehabilitation but also the conservation of the type of housing as a memory of the local residents of Camp Redó. Respect the rationalistic character of the neighbourhood and existing buildings carried a proposal capable of assimilating the language making it our own. The ground floor is drilled by lightening the weight of the blocks in contact with the ground while the upper floors the proportions of the openings remain the same although we introduce changes in its rhythm by providing a more current reading. The project corseted by its technical and formal constraints is solved from the section. The ground floor becomes the centre of the project acting as a filter between the two programs. They work independently but receiving feedback. The bulk of the day centre program develops below ground and it opens to the street through double height spaces and a large green, bright and intimate courtyard. Meanwhile, the homes are situated on the upper floors. They take advantage of the existing accesses. The nursing home for older people “takes advantage” of the type and structure of the apartment building, adapting to new functional and regulatory requirements, demonstrating the flexibility of the solution and the future possibility of adapt housing to other users. Adapted homes proposed are 30 m2, airy, with a single space living room, kitchen and a bedroom suite.
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H. Sanz + E.Varas July 2011 Leeuwarden. Holanda
Europan 11. Leeuwarden
HIDRATING DE LAND The territory it is painted from the knowledge of the farmer, from the man that cultivates the land, from that care to the elements that fit them, from respect. The territory tattooed its own identity that will remain latent. Our proposal intends to get back that ancient “saver faire” of the farmer, that forgotten heritage that achieves the balance between men and nature. To do that we study the relationship that gets established between those two elements that had to shape our proposal: water and land. Generally the land contents a percentage of water that usually is not visible. When we subject a piece of land to high temperatures until the humidity that contains gets totally evaporated, the land cracks as it losses that part of volume that the water took up. It is just in that moment, when the humidity of the land appears visible. It is therefore, the negative, the palpable trace of its existence. It is also the place that the water will occupy naturally with the first rain. The land that the water would have cracked creating small “islands” always with a discontinuous pattern, it is the place where we will finally refill with water.
BLUE SKIN That idea of looking back and return to that inherited knowledge it is what intuitively took us to the mottled skin of giraffes. Although as we expected that parallelism was not just a formal resemblance but also it could give us new tools from the wisdom of nature and centuries of genetic evolution. Some studies uphold that the colour of the skin of some animals like giraffes or zebras is the result of the distribution of the grease under the skin and that becomes a thermoregulatory system. The wave of our proposal is composed of two materials (water and land) with very diferent inertias and with opposite phisical behavours, our entire proposal became a termoregulatory system where the extructure of the percentages of water and land gave a natural and sostainable system. Water acts in this natural fabric as a catalyst element, using it as an element that configurates the landscape and as an element of thermic control.
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DAW OFFICE July 2011 Simirishamn. Sweeden
Europan 11. Simirishamn
AGRICULTURAL CONTEXT The importance of the agriculture as a artificial pattern created by humans to be able to supply water for the plantations and drain it after. This intelligent pattern has been the generator of the current lots of Österlen and therefore It is without a doubt the artificial way of continuing with the natural evacuation system as seen in the old plan, even in a current aerial photo. The project intends to avoid any intervention which doesn’t respect the intelligent agricultural system, which has generated the city lots and rain water drainage, understanding the streets as an antique drainage channels, and the lots as a fields. This is when the town functions well and why the project wants to maintain this line of work.
OLD PATTERN GROWTH The projected urban fabric for Simirishamn is designed keeping the old agricultural structure in mind drawn by the Österlen landscape and as an extension of the same, recovering the old pattern. It is a fabric that intends to homogenize the newly planned growth with the antic centre in a way that this growth formally integrates itself and the inhabitants maintain the same way of life, although proposing sustainable advances which allow improvements in living conditions directed toward to a more contemporary city, giving priority to pedestrian circulation, avoiding large avenues and seeking the interrelation between the streets perpendicular to the sea and the promenade in order to facilitate the relation the city and the sea. PROMENADE Simirishamn, as an old traditional fishing town, has historically lived off the richness of the sea, for this reason the city lived protecting itself from strong winds and simply related to the sea for economic activity. Now the times have changed and Simirishamn shares this activity with a lively tourism industry above all in summer. That’s why we propose to renew the relationship with the sea, which already has a valuable scenic and leisure potential. The new promenade that we have designed is taken as a sports and leisure area that gives life to the city along the coast, with a dual relationship between the sea and the urban fabric. The streets, being perpendicular to the sea, mesh with the promenade, creating incisions into the city itself and generating in each one points of interest and activity. In this sense we tip the life of the city to the sea.
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H. Sanz + E.Varas (TOC.TOC) April 2012 Zagred, Croatia
Zagreb Badel Blok
DNA’S ZAGREB FROM CELL TO SKIN In this particular district of Zagreb nor buildings neither blocks are duplicated; instead, the enriched dialectic found in continuous and carefully demarcated spaces, which follow the plot of distinct mobility infrastructures and undefined, opened, discontinued spaces that remain isolated closed in urban bubbles. The city section shows us the alternation of the characteristics of these two logics: the alignment of the facades’ continuity that that helps to formalize the streets independently of the interior pieces. In Badel Parks the perimeter is broken perforating the hard crust block to discover an exuberant, disquiet and insolent interior, where: new activities are in interaction, a diversity of architectonic objects coexist. The heritage value lives in its use capacity, in continuing to be useful in the new socio-economic structures. The purpose is not freezing objects to preserve them from time; moreover, it’s about providing them meaning throughout times. Melting different theme parks encourage many itineraries associated to different activities, making a group of diverse thematic systems. Heritage Park, urban park, Commercial Park, car park, Business Park, environmental park, residential park, public service, Leisure Park). The program displays in two clearly different ways, following the guidelines in which urban materials are organized. On dispersed way in a three floor spongy baseboard associated with two levels of parking and chained by an overlapping set of stairways and elevators that develop different architectural objects. On the other hand the buildings as architectural objects, articulated through an innovative technological garden as a new urban space, distanced from the cultural spaces linked to heritage.
“The city brings together different people, intensifies the complexity of social life, presents people as strangers. All these aspects of the urban experience, difference, complexity, strangeness- allow resistance and domination. This steep and difficult urban geography makes a particular moral promise. It can be a home for those who have been accepted as exiles from the Garden of Eden.” Richard Sennet, Flesh and Stone
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H. Sanz + E.Varas (H+E) February 2012 Badalona (Barcelona)
Badalona town-house interior design
TRHEE IN ONE
This house was the property of two cousins that received it in inheritance. In the moment that we met them they couldnâ€™t spend a lot of money in the work but they wanted to do a small intervention that allowed them to rent the house. Due to the fact that the university area was very close the idea always was to adapt this house for hall of residence, but always thinking that in 10years it will be used by a family. The house have a simple structure of wood beams leaneed on the perimetric walls. This structure rotates 90 degrees in the last part of the house near the courtyard and it cuts the house in two separated parts. The first step to do is to take out all the nonstructural partitions and let the house nude. After that we re-arrange the house by satisfying the new habitability conditions. To guarantee the ventilation of all the rooms we have to drill a small well between the two bedrooms. This action also allow us to move inside the bathroom wich until this moment was in the courtyard. With this new distribution we have three clear green strips separated by two service packages. We understand this green zones like spaces that could be used independently of the rest of the house. This idea of two or three small dwellings inside one house like a dormitory is the most important decision in the project. This idea induces the intervention on the corridor like a package of new small spaces connected to the rooms.