35 MISSIONS AND PUZZLES TO SOLVE
BARCELONA! DISCOVER THE CITY WITH THE FAMILY
WIN POINTS AND GET YOUR
DIPLOMA AS A SUPEREXPLORER!
Follow the routes, scan the codes and discover the secrets of Barcelona Take a look!
BARCELONA! Lourdes Campuzano Muñoz Illustrations: David Navarro
The total or partial reproduction of this work by any means, including reprographics and computer processing, is strictly prohibited without authorisation from the owners of copyright, and shall be subject to the penalties established by law. First Edition: December 2015 Original Title: Explorem Barcelona!
BARCELONA! A guide for children to have fun discovering the city with the family
© text: Lourdes Muñoz Campuzano © illustrations: David Navarro Translation: Sarah Marshall © this edition: Editorial Mediterrània, SL Casp, 108, 8è 08010 Barcelona Tel.: +34 93 218 34 58 firstname.lastname@example.org www.editorialmediterrania.com Ajuntament de Barcelona Direcció d’Imatge i Serveis Editorials Passeig de la Zona Franca, 66 08038 Barcelona tel. 93 402 31 31 www.bcn.cat/barcelonallibres Layout and design: Natàlia Margarit Printed by Ormograf, Barcelona ISBN: 978-84-9979-394-8 ISBN Ajuntament de Barcelona: 978-84-9850-733-1 LD: B-20.357-2015
Lourdes Campuzano Muñoz Illustrations: David Navarro
To my companions in the expedition of life: my parents Gabriel and Felisa; my partner Jaume, and our son Pau
Are you ready to begin your adventure? Learn to Orientate Yourselves in Barcelona How can you tell you are in Barcelona? Let the expedition begin! Travel Back in Time to Roman Barcelona Visit the remains of the Roman City The Roman Temple The Roman Cemetery Exploring Medieval Barcelona Santa Maria del Mar church The artisan quarter El Born Expedition to Modernist Barcelona Casa Batlló La Pedrera Sagrada Família Hospital de Sant Pau Street Entertainment: A Stroll Down La Rambla Canaletes Fountain Flowers on La Rambla Art on La Rambla Shopping for Food... in the Boqueria Market Sport: A Tour Around Barça’s Stadium and Olympic Barcelona Head to Can Barça (The home of Barça)! A race around Barcelona’s Olympic Ring A Day in the Park A trip to Park Güell Ciutadella Park The Maze Park in Horta A Refreshing Dip Barceloneta Beach The Fòrum Bathing Area The Lake at Creueta del Coll Park Barcelona from the Air Turó de la Rovira Viewpoint The Columbus Monument Collserola Tower Montjuïc Castle Exploring Barcelona by Night The Magic Fountain The Agbar Tower Underground Barcelona The Avenue of Light The Gaudi Ghost Metro Station Poble-Sec Bomb Shelter Explorer’s diary Solve the final puzzle! Solutions to the puzzle Solutions to the missions
6 10 14 15 16 18 21 22 24 26 28 30 32 35 36 38 41 42 44 45 46 48 52 53 56 58 60 63 67 68 68 71 73 74 76 77 78 79 80 80 83 84 86 88 89 90 92 94 95
Are You Ready to Begin Your Adventure? Barcelona is an exciting city. If you’ve been given this guide, it’s because somebody wants you to explore the city to the full, learn about its history and discover its mysteries. It’s no easy task. You will have to accomplish missions and solve the puzzles we give you to show you know Barcelona better than anyone. Only then will you earn the title of SUPER-MEGA-HYPER-EXPLORERS! Do you dare to take on the challenge? Yes? Then let’s go! All you have to do is: A Gather your team of explorers: your mum, dad, brothers, sisters
or friends can all join in.
A Assign team members different roles: an adult explorer can be in
charge of taking the group to the expedition’s starting point; another can be responsible for deciphering codes; a third can take photos; and you, the kids, will be the EXPEDITION LEADERS!
A Equip yourselves properly: comfortable footwear; sunscreen and
sunglasses to protect you from the sun; an anorak to protect you from the rain; and so on.
A Prepare your explorer gear: don’t forget the code decipherer
(a mobile phone or tablet with an internet connection and a QR code reader application), a compass, a camera, and a pencil case with colouring pencils.
A We also recommend you take a tape measure and binoculars.
Our Team of Explorers
Take a photo of your team and stick it here.
Learn to Orientate Yourselves in Barcelona Now you are in Barcelona, you have to learn how to orientate yourselves in the city. It’s a piece of cake! You’ll know where the sea, the mountain or the River Llobregat and the River Besòs, which border the city, are without being able to see them. How? A If you’re on a sloping street, you know that Mount Tibidabo
is uphill even if you can’t see it, while the sea is downhill. If you’re facing uphill (towards the mountain), the River Llobregat is to your left and the River Besòs is to your right.
To find a particular street, you will need a map and help from one of the adult explorers to orientate the team. Once you get to the street you are searching for and you have to find a specific street number, you need to know that: A The streets leading from the sea to the mountain begin their
numbering at the sea. If you’re facing uphill (towards the mountain), the odd numbers are to your left and the even numbers to your right.
A The streets leading from the River Llobregat to the River Besòs
begin their numbering at the side closest to the River Llobregat. The odd numbers are on the side nearest the mountain and the even numbers are on the side nearest the sea. Careful, there’s one exception: on Avinguda Diagonal, it’s just the opposite!
Modernist Barcelona Data sheet A How long will the expedition take? Around 3 hours A How many points can you earn? 8 points
A Starting point: 43 Passeig de Gracia. L3 and L4 of the metro (Passeig de Gracia station)
A Things you need to know: The buildings you will see on this expedition have an entrance fee if you want to go inside. However, if you don’t go in, you can still admire the façades, which are fantastic in their own right
A If you don’t want to walk everywhere, you can do part of the expedition
by bus. After seeing La Pedrera, you can take bus number 33 to Avinguda Diagonal, which will leave you outside the Sagrada Familia
Can you imagine a city where all the buildings—churches, houses, shops, chemists, bars— and even the lampposts and benches were works of art? Well, there was a period in Barcelona’s history when the city was just like that, over a hundred years ago. It was during the Modernist period, which lasted from the late 19th century to the early 20th century. Around that time, nearly all the walls surrounding Barcelona were torn down so the city could grow and expand. Moreover, there were gentlemen who owned factories, which made them very rich and they spent some of their money on very modern, luxurious buildings. In contrast, there were other people who came from the countryside in search of work at the factories and they lived in tiny houses with no electricity or running water. 32
We invite you on an expedition to discover some of the buildings created by these rich gentlemen. They are highly original creations, because the Modernist architects…
… didn’t really like straight lines so they constructed buildings with lots of curves. Can you imagine a building with a façade that looks like the ocean waves? … loved nature so much that the buildings were full of images of flowers and animals. … used all sorts of materials: from bricks to pieces of broken tiles, iron, glass, and so on. … paid attention to every last detail! Not only did they design the building, but they also designed the window gratings, the furniture, the décor… everything!
Josep Batlló was a man who became wealthy by making textiles. He commissioned Antoni Gaudí to remodel this house at 43 Passeig de Gracia.
Let the expedition commence!
If you cast your eyes up even further, you’ll see a very original roof that resembles a dragon’s back. If you decide to take a tour inside the house, you’ll see that there is an attic space with 60 arches. It’s like being inside a dragon’s ribcage! They say the balconies are the skulls of people who were gobbled up by the beast!
If you only have time for a quick visit, just examine the façade. Take a good look and you might see why the building is popularly known as the House of Bones. People also call Casa Batlló the House of Masks. Can you guess why? Look at the balconies. What shape are they?
Do you want to watch a video showing the dragon coming to life?
Search for “Love Casa Batlló” at YouTube channel “Casa Batlló”
THE BONES OF CASA Batlló
Gaudi decided to make the columns on the first floor in the shape of bones. Which bone in the body does it remind you of? Write the name on the drawing.
LA PEDRERA Continue walking up Passeig de Gracia and cross the street to admire another Modernist house designed by Gaudí. You will find it at number 92. Nowadays everyone likes the house, but when it was first built, people mocked it. The neighbours thought it was so ugly that they stopped talking to the owners of La Pedrera, thinking that nobody would want to come and live next to such a horrendous building! Even the mistress of the house, Roser Segimon, didn’t like it. La Pedrera means ‘The Quarry’. Do you know why it is called that? The real name is Casa Milà, after the gentleman who paid for it to be built, but it ended up being more commonly known as La Pedrera because the façade reminded people of the places on the mountains from which stones are taken to build houses.
IN SEARCH OF THE STONE WARRIORS
We’ll give you a clue. Warriors like hiding in the mountains so they can see the enemy approaching. That’s right! You have to climb up to the rooftop to find them. If you don’t go inside the house, you can cross Passeig de Gracia to distance yourself from the building and get a good view of them.The warriors stand in pairs or in groups of up to seven. Most of them are painted, but six of them have small pieces of glass and tile stuck to them.Have you found them? Did you know that they’re not really warriors, but chimneys? Casa Mila was built by Antoni Gaudí. As you can see, he didn’t like straight lines at all. There are hardly any of them in this house. Look closely at the façade. Doesn’t it remind you of ocean waves? What about the entrance? Doesn’t it resemble a cave?
The first façade you’ll see is called the Façade of the Passion because it explains the last two days of Jesus Christ’s life. We’ll explain the story and you can follow it on the façade, starting with the figures on the bottom left and following the different groups of sculptures as if you were tracing an S shape. Jesus was a very wise man and had such power that he could perform miracles, so many people followed him. One night, after having supper with his closest followers, the disciples, one of them betrayed him and turned him over to the ruling authorities of the time. They wanted to kill him because they were afraid he was more powerful than they were. The traitorous apostle, Judas, kissed Jesus on the cheek so the soldiers would know he was the man they had to arrest. Jesus was arrested and tortured. He was tied to a column and given the lash. The soldiers then took him to their leaders, who tried him and condemned him to death by crucifixion on a cross, which he had to carry on his back up to Calvary.
Did you know that the sculptures are arranged in the shape of an S because it’s the first letter of the surname of the sculptor who designed this façade? His name was Josep Maria Subirachs.
SAGRADA FAMILIA The Sagrada Familia is a church. The project was started by an architect called Francisco de Paula del Villar, but just one year later Antoni Gaudí took over. He was unable to complete the building because he was run over by a tram and died. More than a hundred years later, it is still under construction. There is a lot of work to do, as the Sagrada Familia will have 18 towers when it is finished and at the moment it only has 8. Would you like to see what remains to be done and what it will look like when it’s completed in 2026? Then watch this video!
Search for “2026 We build tomorrow” at YouTube channel “Sagrada Familia”
MISSION 7 MORE STONE WARRIORS
Do you remember the warriors on the roof of La Pedrera? Well, there are some on the Façade of the Passion, too. See if you can find them. Can you see a figure next to them who looks like this man? It’s Gaudí!
THE NUMBERS GAME
This façade hides a maths game. Find a square with four numbers in each column. Whichever way you add them up, they always give the same result. There are more than 300 different combinations. The total sum is Jesus’ age when he was crucified. How old was he? .........................................................
After you’ve seen the Passion Façade, walk around the church to find a more cheerful façade. This side depicts the nativity scene, explaining the birth of Jesus. It was the first façade of the Sagrada Familia to be built.
MISSION 8 FIND JESUS IN THE NATIVITY SCENE Look for the image of Baby Jesus just after he was born outside Bethlehem. Can you see the Three Wise Men and the shepherds who came to worship him?
If you decide to explore inside the Sagrada Familia, you’ll find an enormous stone forest! Gaudí wanted visitors to have the sensation of entering a forest when they went inside the Sagrada Familia. Look carefully at the columns, as they resemble trees. They even have branches! You could also search for Gaudí’s tomb, because he’s buried nearby. If you don’t go inside, you can see what the interior looks like by downloading the free Sagrada Familia app using your code decipherer, with the help of an adult. 40
HOSPITAL DE SANT PAU Saint Paul’s Hospital is very close to the Sagrada Familia. You just have to walk up Avinguda de Gaudí to stumble upon it. It doesn’t look like a hospital, does it? This is a very original hospital, or at least it was: some years ago the roof of one of the buildings collapsed and the hospital managers realised that all the buildings were in bad shape and needed renovating. The patients were moved to a new building nearby. The Modernist site of the Hospital de Sant Pau, as the former hospital was called, was built thanks to the money donated by a Catalan man who became rich in Paris. When he died, he had no family to leave his money to. His name was Pau Gil, which is why the hospital bears his name. It was designed by another Modernist architect called Lluís Domènech i Montaner. The hospital had a highly original design. For a start, it wasn’t a tall building with lots of storeys, but several little cottages connected to one another by underground passages! When a patient needed an operation, they performed the surgery in one of the buildings before taking them through the passages to another building where they could recover. The problem was that the passages were very narrow and they soon fell out of use because the stretchers couldn’t go around the bends. After that, patients were transported between the buildings using the paths above ground. Have you ever seen patients enjoying the sun in a hospital garden? Well, in the former Hospital de Sant Pau, it was a very common sight.
Exploring Barcelona BY NIGHT Data sheet A What are we going to visit and how do we get there?
The Magic Fountain. L1 or L3 of the metro (Espanya station) Agbar Tower. L1 of the metro (Glories station) A How many points can you earn? 2 points
THE MAGIC FOUNTAIN In 1929 Barcelona held an international exhibition and, to celebrate the occasion, a magic fountain was built on Avinguda Maria Cristina. It shoots out water in different colours to the rhythm of music. Itâ€™s quite a spectacle!
MISSION 19 DISCOVER THE MAGIC OF COLOUR Did you know that you can create every colour imaginable using just yellow, blue and red? Take a good look at the mixtures of colours in the fountain and solve this puzzle:
Mixing blue and red makes Mixing yellow and blue makes Mixing red and yellow makes
THE AGBAR TOWER On the other side of the city, in the Plaça de les Glories, you can find the brightest tower in the city. In fact, you don’t even need to go there, because at night it’s visible from many places in Barcelona. The Agbar Tower has a very original shape. The architect who designed it, Jean Nouvel, wanted to give it a form similar to the mountains at Montserrat or the belfries in the Sagrada Familia. But the tower reminds people of different things: a bullet, a rocket or a geyser spouting water from the ground. What about you? What does it remind you of?
.................................................................................................................................................................................. As night falls, the building lights up in different colours. The façade contains 4,500 lights, each of which can be lit in different colours, meaning that there are 16 million possible combinations! Impressive, isn’t it? The Agbar Tower is one of the tallest buildings in Barcelona, measuring 144 metres. It has 34 storeys and you can see the whole city from the top floor. Here you can see it inside and out; there are even panoramic views of the city. It’s as if you were looking out the window!
Search for “History of the Agbar tower. Barcelona’s most famous skyscraper” at YouTube channel “Torre Agbar”
Barcelona at Night
Lourdes Campuzano Illustrations: David Navarro
BARCELONA! We invite you to discover and explore the city as never before, with lots of routes, activities and games for all the family. On this expedition, you will learn about the cityâ€™s history and the most important periods that have shaped its unique appearance and personality (Roman, Gothic and Modernist Barcelona). Lots of fun things to see and do in the city as you discover it like real explorers!
FUN FOR ALL THE FAMILY
WITH ROUTES, ACTIVITIES AND GAMES
This is a sample of the guide Let's explore Barcelona! We invite you to discover and explore the city as never before, with lots of routes,...
Published on Jan 10, 2016
This is a sample of the guide Let's explore Barcelona! We invite you to discover and explore the city as never before, with lots of routes,...