Page 6

6

\n-b-aw-

2009 s^-{_-p-h-cn- 01˛14

hn-iz-k-\o-b-am-b- sX-fn-hp-I-fn-√m-sX-bp-≈in-£- \o-Xn-\n-tj-[w-:- kp-{]ow- tIm-S-Xnhn-iz-k\- o-bh- pw- hy-‡a- m-bX- p-am-b- sX-fn-hpI-fn-√m-sX- km-£n- sam-gn-Is - f- am-{Xw- B-[m-ca- m°n- H-cm-sf- in-£n-°p-∂X - -v \-·a- m-b- \o-Xn-\n-tj[-hpw- A-]I - S- I - c- h - p-am-sW-∂-v kp-{]ow- tIm-SX - n.]-©m-_n-se- ]m-Sym-e- kz-tZ-in-bm-b- P¿-Wbn¬-knw-Kn-s\- sIm-e] - m-XI - t- °-kn¬- Po-h] - c- y¥w- X-Sh - p-in-£b - ° v- p- hn-[n-®- ssl-t°m-SX - n-hn[n- d-±m-°n- Ip-‰h - n-ap-‡\ - m-°n-s°m-≠p-≈- hn-[nbn-em-W-v ]-cm-a¿-iw.- \m-SI - o-bX - - \n-d™ - X - pw- sshcp-[y-ßf - p-≈X - p-am-b- sX-fn-hp-Iƒ- H-cn-°e - pw- hy‡-am-b- sX-fn-hm-bn- Im-Wm-\m-In-s√-∂-v P-Ão-k-v A¬-Xmw- F-k.v - Im-_n¿,- P-Ãn-k-v ap-Ip-µm-Imw- i¿Ω- F-∂n-hc- S- ß - n-b- _-©v- hy-‡a- m-°n.kw-`h - h - p-am-bn- t\-cn-´p-_‘ - a- p-≈- km-lN - c- ysØ-fn-hp-It- fm,- h-kX v- p-Xm-]c- a- m-b- a-‰p- sX-fn-hpI-tfm- B-[m-ca- m-°n- am-{X-ta- H-cm-sf- in-£n-°mhq-sh-∂pw- ]-c-kv-]-c-_-‘-an-√m-Ø- km-l-N-cysØ-fn-hp-If - p-tS-bpw- km-£n-sam-gn-If - p-sS-bpw- ASn-ÿm-\Ø - n¬- in-£- hn-[n-°p-∂X - v- Kp-cp-Xc - a- msW-∂pw- tIm-SX - n- Iq-´n-t®¿-Øp.1993 \-hw-_¿- 15˛-\v- ]-©m-_n-se- ]m-Sym-ekz-tZ-in-bm-b- Sm-Ik v- n- ss{U-h¿- dmw-Xm-dn-s\- IpØn-s°m-es - ∏-Sp-Øn-b- tI-kn-em-Wv- P¿-Wb - n¬knw-Kn-s\- sX-fn-hp-If - n-s√-∂- Im-cW - Ø - m¬- kp{]ow- tIm-SX - n- Ip-‰h - n-ap-‡\ - m-°n-bX - v.- \n¿-tZ-in®- h-gn-bn-eq-sS- Im-tdm-Sn-°m≥- X-bm-dm-Im-Xn-cp-∂dmw-Xm-dn-s\- P¿-Wb - n¬-knw-Kv- Ip-Øn-s°m-es - ∏Sp-Øn-sb-∂m-W-v t{]m-kn-Iyq-j≥- tI-k.v Zr-Ivk - m-£n- sam-gn- {]-[m-\- sX-fn-hm-bn- kzoI-cn-®- sk-j≥-k-v tIm-SX - n- P¿-Wb - n¬-knw-Kn-s\Po-h] - c- y-¥w- X-Sh - n-\p-in-£n-®p.- tI-k-v ]-cn-KW - n®- ssl-t°m-SX - n,- F-∂m¬,- in-£- i-cn-hs - ®-¶nepw- in-£m-Im-em-h[ - n- A-©p-h¿-ja- m-bn- Ip-d® - p.C-tX-Øp-S¿-∂m-W-v P¿-Wb - n¬-knw-K-v kp-{]ow-tImS-Xn-sb- k-ao-]n-®X - v.l¿-Po-µ¿- F-∂b - m-fp-sS- km-£n-sam-gn-bp-sSA-Sn-ÿm-\Ø - n-em-bn-cp-∂p- P¿-Wb - n¬-knw-Kn-s\in-£n-®X - v.- F-∂m¬,- F-^v.s - F.- B-dn-epw- hn-Nmc-Wt- h-fb - n-epw- l¿-Po-µ¿- \¬-In-b- sam-gn-Iƒ- ]c-k] -v c- h - n-cp-≤a- m-sW-∂-v kp-{]ow- tIm-SX - n- I-s≠Øn.-

`m-cy-tbm-Sp-≈- s]-cp-am-‰wB-fl-l-Xym- t{]-c-W-b-√`mc- y-tbm-Sp-≈- {Iq-ca- m-b- s]-cp-am-‰w- B-fll-Xy-b° -v p-≈- t{]-cW - b - m-bn- I-W° - m-°m-\m-Ins√-∂p- kp-{]ow- tIm-SX - n.B-fll - X - y- sN-øm≥- t{]-cn-∏n-®X - n-\p- t\-cnt´m- A-√m-sX-tbm-bp-≈- sX-fn-hp- th-Ws - a-∂pw]o-Un-∏n-®p-sh-∂X - p-sIm-≠p- am-{Xw- t{]-cW - m-°p‰-am-bn- Im-Wm-\m-In-s√-∂pw- P-Ãn-k-v A-cn-Pn-X-v ]km-bØ - ,v - P-Ãn-k-v A-tim-I-v Ip-am¿- Kmw-Kp-en- F∂n-hc - S- ß - n-b- _-©v- Nq-≠n-°m-´n.kv{- Xo-[\ - - ]o-U\ - Ø - n-s‚- t]-cn¬- Kp-Pd- m-Ø-v kz-tZ-in- Im-¥s - _≥- B-fll - X - y- sN-øm-\n-Sb - mbn- F-∂v- B-tcm-]n-°-s∏-´- tI-kn¬- `¿-Øm-hvIn-j≥-Kn-cn- aw-Kƒ-Kn-cn- tKm-kzm-an-sb- Ip-‰h - n-ap-‡\m-°n-sb-¶n-epw- kv{- Xo-[\ - - \n-tcm-[\ - - tI-kn¬-

Ip-‰° - m-c\ - m-sW-∂p- hn-[n-®X - n-s\-Xn-tc-bm-W-v kpA-\[ - n-Ir-X- \n¿-am-Ws - Ø-°p-dn-®-v hn-Pn-e≥{]ow- tIm-SX - n-sb- k-ao-]n-®X - v.kv- H-cp- A-t\z-jW - h - pw- \-SØ - n-bn-´n-s√-∂pw- h≥A-gn-aX - n- C-Xn-\p- ]p-dI - n-ep-s≠-∂pw- tPm-k^ - -v tImS-Xn-sb- A-dn-bn-®p.- C-tX-Øp-S¿-∂m-Wp- tI-skSp-Ø-v A-t\z-jn-°m≥- hn-Pn-e≥-k-v tIm-SX - n- D-Øc-hn-´X - .v kn-\n-ab - n¬- I-Ym-]m-{X-߃-°v- ]p-Ih - e - n°m≥- A-\p-hm-Zw- \¬-In- U¬-ln- ssl-t°m-SXn- D-Øc - h - n-´p.2006˛-em-Wv- kn-\n-ab - n¬- Xm-cß - ƒ- ]p-Ih - e - n°p-∂X - p- X-S™ p- sIm-≠v- k¿-°m¿- D-Øc - h - n-d\o-Xn-\ym-b- h-Ip-∏n¬- Pn-√m- P-UP-v n-am-cp-sS°n-bX - .v - C-Xn-s\-Xn-tc- kw-hn-[m-bI - ≥- a-tl-j-v `- t\-cn-´p-≈- \n-ba- \ - w- C-Xp-kw-_‘ - n-®- l¿-Pn-bn´v- k-a¿-∏n-®- l¿-Pn-bn-em-Wv- U¬-ln- ssl-t°m- se- Xo¿-∏n-\p- hn-t[-b-am-bn-cn-°p-sa-∂v- tI-c-fS-Xn-bp-sS- hn-[n.ssl-t°m-SX - n- D-Øc - h - m-bn.]p-I- h-en- cw-Kß - ƒ- Nn-{Xo-Ic- n-°p-I- F-∂X - -v _m-dn¬-\n-∂v- t\-cn-´v- Pn-√m- P-Uv-Pn-am-sc- \nH-cp- I-em-Im-cs- ‚- B-hn-jI -v m-c- kzm-X{- ¥y-Øn-s‚- b-an-°p-∂X - n-\v- ssl-t°m-SX - n- c-Pn-kv{- Sm¿- X-bm`m-Ka- m-sW-∂p- tIm-SX - n- hn-eb - n-cp-Øn.dm-°n-b- en-Ãv- d-±m-°-W-sa-∂m-h-iy-s∏-´v- h-©nbq¿- E-jn-aw-Ke - w- kz-tZ-in- ]n.-Bi - - k-a¿-∏n-®- l¿Pn-bn-em-Wv- P-Ão-kv- Sn.-B¿- cm-a-N-{µ≥- \m-b-cpsS- C-S° - m-e- D-Øc - h - v.Pn-√m- P-UP v- n-am-cp-sS- t\-cn-´p-≈- \n-ba- \ - Ø - nBi- p-]{- Xn-Iƒ-°pw- kvI- q-fp-Iƒ-°pw- tIm-S- \v- 2007 G-{]n¬- 16˛-\m-Wv- ssl-t°m-SX- n- c-Pn-kvXn-Iƒ-°pw- 100 ao-‰¿- Np-‰f - h - n¬- i-_Z-v a- e - n-\o-Ic- - {Sm¿- hn-⁄m-]\ - w- ]p-ds - ∏-Sp-hn-®n-cp-∂X - .v - C-Xn¬Ww- \n-b-{¥n-°p-∂A-t]-£-I-cp-sS- DXn-\p-≈- \n-ba- h - y-hb¿-∂- {]m-b-]-cn-[nÿ- I¿-i\ - a- m-bn- \47 h-bk - m-bn- \n-›S-∏m-°m≥- tI-c-fbn® nc p-s∂-¶n-epwIcn-°w-]-≈n¬ ssl-t°m-S-Xn- kwIp-d-™- {]m-b-]-cnÿm-\- No-^v- sk-{I-´d- n-°v- \n¿-tZ-iw- \¬-In.[n- \n-›b - n-®n-cp-∂n-√.- ]n-∂o-Sv- F-gp-Øp-]c - o-£\n-i_ - Z-v - ta-Je - b - m-bn- {]-Jym- ]n-t°-WS-v - B- bv° - pw- hm-Nm- ]-co-£b - ° v- pw-ti-jw- N-´ß - ƒ- t`ip-]{- Xn-Iƒ- t]m-ep-≈- ÿm-]\ - ß - f - p-sS- k-ao-]w- Z-KX - n- sN-bvX - v- Ip-d™ - {]m-b] - c - n-[n- 35 h-bk - mhm-l\ - ß - ƒ- hn-th-N\ - c- l - n-Xa- m-bpw- A-\n-b{- ¥n- bn- \n-›b - n-®X - p- \n-ba- h - n-cp-≤a- m-sW-∂m-W-v l¿X-am-bpw- tlm-¨- ap-g° - n- i-_Z-v a- e - n-\o-Ic- W - w- kr- Pn-bn-se- hm-Zw.jv-Sn-°p-∂-Xp- X-S-b-W-sa-∂m-h-iy-s∏-´v- sIm-®nsF.-Fw.-F- {]-kn-U‚ - v- G-{_-lmw- sI.-t]m-fpwa-‰pw- k-a¿-∏n-®- l¿-Pn-bn-em-Wv- B-ISv- nw-Kv- No-^vP-Ão-kv- sP.-_n- tIm-in,- P-Ão-kv- hn.-Kn-cn- F-∂nh-cpƒ-s∏-´- Un-hn-j≥- _-©n-s‚- D-Øc- h - v.kp{- ]ow-tIm-SX- n- P-UvP- n-am-cp-sS- kz-Øp-hnh-cß - ƒ- sh-fn-s∏-Sp-ØW - s - a-∂- tI-{µ-hn-hc - m-hIm-i- I-Ωo-js - ‚- D-Øc- h - n-s\-Xn-sc- kp-{]ow-tImS-Xn- No-^-v P-Ão-k-v sI.-Pn.- _m-eI - r-jW -v ≥- U¬ln- ssl-t°m-SX - n-bn¬- l¿-Pn- \¬-In.A\- [- n-Ir-Xs- I-´n-Sw- s]m-fn-®p-am-‰m≥- s]m\o-Xn- \-SØ - n-°n-´p-∂X - n-\m-bn- Io-gt-v Im-SX - n-bmXp-Xm¬-]c - y-l¿-Pn- \¬-In-b- ]-cm-Xn-°m-c≥- hn- b- ssl-t°m-S-Xn-sb- kq-{]ow- tIm-S-Xn- k-ao-]nPn-e≥-kn-s‚- A-t\z-j-W- dn-t∏m¿-´n¬- D-S-a-bm- °p-∂X - v- C-¥y≥- \o-Xn-\ym-bh - y-hÿ - b - n-se- Abn- am-dn-b- kw-`h - w- A-t\z-jn-°m≥- Xr-iq¿- hn-Pn- Xy-]q¿-h- kw-`h - a- m-W.v e≥-kv- tIm-SX - n- D-Øc- h - n-´p.kp-{]ow-tIm-SX - n-bn-se- P-UP v- n-am¿- kz-Øp-hnA-t\z-jW - w- \-SØ - n-b- hn-Pn-e≥-kv- D-tZym-K- h-c-߃- No-^v- P-Ão-kn-s\- A-dn-bn-°-W-sa-∂vÿ¿,- sI-´n-Sw- ]-Wn-°-v A-\p-aX - n- \¬-In-b- tIm¿- Ir-Xy-am-bn- \n-b-sam-∂pw- C-¥y-bn¬- \n-e-hn-en∏-td-j≥- A-[n-Ir-X¿- F-∂n-h¿-s°-Xn-tc-bm-W-v A- √.- F-¶n¬-t∏m-epw- F-√m- P-UvP - n-am-cpw- No-^v- Pt\z-jW - Ø - n-\v- hn-Pn-e≥-kv- P-UvP - n- ]n.-Iyp- _¿- Ão-kn-s\- kz-Øp-hn-hc- ß - ƒ- A-dn-bn-°m-dp-≈X - m°-Øe - n- D-Øc- h - n-´X - v.Wv.- ]-s£- C-Xv- ]-c-ky-am-°p-∂-Xn-\v- \n-b-a-]-cs]m-Xp-{]-h¿-ØI - ≥- ]n.-Un- tPm-k^ - v- A-\- am-bn- _m-[y-Xb - n-s√-∂m-Wv- No-^v- P-Ão-kv- sI.[n-Ir-X- sI-´n-SØ - n-s\-Xn-tc- hn-Pn-e≥-k-v tIm-SX - n- Pn.- _m-eI - r-jW v- s - ‚- hm-Zw.bn¬- c-≠m-bn-c-Øn¬- \-ev-In-b- l¿-Pn-bn¬- AP-UP -v n-am-cp-sS- kz-Øp-hn-hc- w- sh-fn-s∏-Sp-Øpt\z-jW - Ø - n-\p- tIm-SX - n- D-Øc- h - n-´n-cp-∂p.- h¿-j- ∂-X-v kw-_‘ - n-®-v P-\p-hc- n- B-dn-\m-W-v tI-{µ- hn߃-°p- ti-jw- 2009 P-\p-hc - n-bn¬- hn-Pn-e≥-kv- h-cm-hI - m-i- I-Ωo-j≥- D-Øc - h - n-´X - v.- P-UP v- n-am-cpUn-ssh-F-kv-]n- \¬-In-b- dn-t∏m¿-´n-em-Wv- ]-cm- sS- kz-Øp-°-sf-°p-dn-®v- sh-fn-s∏-Sp-Ø-s∏-´n-´pXn-°m-c≥- sI-´n-Sa- p-Sa- b - m-bn- am-dn-bX - v.s≠- F-∂X - n-s\-°p-dn-®-v ]-Øp- Zn-hk - Ø - n-\p-≈n¬-

kn-\n-a-bn¬- ]p-I-h-en-bm-Im-sa-∂vU¬-ln- ssl-t°m-S-Xn-

Pn-√m- P-Uv-Pn-am-cp-sS- \n-b-a-\wXo¿-∏v- A-\p-k-cn-®v-

i-_v-Z-a-en-\o-I-c-Ww- I¿-i-\-am-bn\n-b-{¥n-°-Ww-:- ssl-t°m-S-Xn-

tem t]mbn‚ v

P-Uv-Pn-am-cp-sS- kz-Øv-:- kp-{]owtIm-S-Xn-bp-sS- l¿-Pn-

]-cm-Xn-°m-c-s\- D-S-a-ÿ-\m-°n-;A-t\z-jn-°m≥- D-Ø-c-hv-

hn-hc- ß - ƒ- \¬-IW - s- a-∂-v kp-{]ow- tIm-SX - n-bn-ses]m-Xp-hn-hc- m-hI - m-i- Hm-^o-k¿-°m-W-v hn-hc- m-hIm-i- I-Ωo-j≥- D-Ø-c-hv- \¬-In-b-Xv.- hn-h-cm-hIm-i- I-Ωo-js - ‚- D-Øc - h - n-s\-Xn-sc- l¿-Pn- \¬tI-≠X - -v ssl-t°m-SX - n-bn-em-IW - s - a-∂X - n-\m-emWv- kp-{]ow-tIm-SX - n- No-^-v P-Ão-k-v U¬-ln- sslt°m-SX - n-sb- k-ao-]n-®X - v.1997 sa-bv- G-gn-\v- D-≠m-b- kq-{]ow-tIm-SX - n- DØ-ch - v- {]-Im-cw- kp-{]ow-tIm-SX - n- P-UP v- n-am¿- kzØp-hn-hc - ß - ƒ- No-^v- P-Ão-kn-s\- A-dn-bn-°W - sa-∂-v am-{X-sa- hy-‡a- m-°p-∂p-≈p.- C-X-v G-sX-¶nepw- hn-[Ø - n-ep-≈- s]m-Xp-tc-Jb - s - √-∂pw- ]-ck - v]-ch - n-izm-kØ - m-ep-≈- H-cp- hn-hc- s - sI-am-‰w- am-{Xam-sW-∂pw- P-Ão-k-v sI.-Pn.-_m-eI - r-jW -v ≥- kq-Nn∏n-°p-∂p.- tZ-io-b- hn-hc- m-hI - m-i- \n-ba- {- ]-Im-cw- kzIm-cy-hn-hc- ß - ƒ- ssI-am-dm≥- B-In-s√-∂pw- A-Xn\m¬- e-`n-®n-´p-≈- hn-hc- ß - ƒ- ]-ck - y-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂Xn-\-v \n-ba- w- A-\p-hm-Zw- \¬-Ip-∂n-s√-∂p-am-W-v l¿Pn-bn¬- No-^-v P-Ão-k-v hy-‡a- m-°p-∂X - .v -

hr-°-hm-Wn-`w-:- \-S-]-Sn-IƒA-dn-bn-°-WwA\- [- n-Ir-X- hr-°h- m-Wn-`s- Ø-∏d- n-bp-≈- At\z-jW - - dn-t∏m¿-´n-t∑¬- kzo-Ic - n-®- \-S] - S- n-If - dn-bn-°m≥- tI-cf - - ssl-t°m-SX - n- k¿-°m-cn-\v- DØ-ch - -v \-eI -v n.2002˛¬- k-a¿-∏n-°s - ∏-´- A-t\z-jW - - dn-t∏m¿´n¬- ssI-s°m-≠- \-S] - S- n-Iƒ- F-s¥-√m-am-sW∂p- K-h¨ - s - a-‚ -v πo-U¿-°-v A-dn-bn-°m≥- I-gn-bmØ- km-lN - c - y-Øn-em-Wv- P-Ão-kv- F-kv.k - n-cn-PK≥- k¿-°m-cn-t\m-Sv- dn-t∏m¿-´v- tX-Sn-bX - v.dn-t∏m¿-´n-s‚- A-Sn-ÿm-\-Øn¬- Nn-e- \-S-]Sn-Iƒ- D-≠m-bn-´p-s≠-∂p- tIm-gn-t°m-S-v \m-jW - ¬B-ip-]{- Xn-°p- th-≠n- lm-Pc - m-b- A-`n-`m-jI - ≥]-d™ - p.-

Ip-‰m-tcm-]n-X-cp-am-bp-≈- N¿-®D-tZym-K-ÿ¿- tIƒ-t°-≠{In-an-\¬- tI-kn¬- I-ÃU - n-bn-ep-≈- Ip-‰mtcm-]n-Xc- p-am-bn- A-`n-`m-jI - ¿- Iq-Sn-°m-gN -v b - pw- N¿®-bpw- \-SØ - p-tºmƒ- A-t\z-jW - - D-tZym-Kÿ - ¿- Ch-cp-sS- kw-`m-jW - w- tIƒ-°Ø - ° - - Zq-cØ - n¬- D≠m-Ic- p-sX-∂p- tI-cf - - ssl-t°m-SX - n- hy-‡a- m-°n.kn-ÿ- A-`b - - tI-kn¬- {]-Xn-Is - f- k-µ¿-in°m≥- A-\p-aX - n- \¬-In-bt- ∏mƒ- A-t\z-jW - - DtZym-Kÿ - ¿- k-ao-]Ø - p-WS-v m-IW - s- a-∂-v D-t±-in-®n´n-s√-∂pw- P-Ão-kv- B¿.- _-k¥ - v- hy-‡a- m-°n.C-Øc- w- km-lN - c- y-ßf - n¬- A-`n-`m-jI - c- pw- {]Xn-I-fpw- X-Ωn¬- \-S-Øp-∂- kw-`m-j-Ww- tIƒ°m≥-X° - - Zq-cØ - n¬- A-t\z-jW - - D-tZym-Kÿ - ≥]m-Sn-s√-∂- Im-cyw- A-dn-bn-°p-∂X - n-\p- th-≠n- DØ-ch - n-s‚- ]-I¿-∏v- a-Pn-ktv- {S-‰p-am¿-°b - ® - p- sImSp-°m-\pw- ssl-t°m-SX - n- \n¿-tZ-in-®n-´p-≠ykn.-_n.-sF- I-ÃU - n-bn-em-bn-cp-∂- X-ßs - f- \hw-_¿- 25˛-\v- A-`n-`m-j-I¿- I-≠v- kw-km-cn-°ptºmƒ- tI-kt- \z-jI - c - p-sS- km-∂n-[yw- D-≠m-bncp-∂p-sh-∂v- A-`b - - tI-kn-se- Ip-‰m-tcm-]n-X¿- ]cm-Xn-s∏-´n-cp-∂p.-

B-tcm-Kyw-

{]-ta-l- ]m-Z-tcm-K- ssh-I-eyw-:- ]m-Z-tO-Zw- H-gn-hm-°m≥- i-kv-{X-{In-b{]-ta-l- ]m-Zt- cm-K- ssh-Ie- y-sØ- ]m-Zt- OZw H-gn-hm-°n-s°m-≠-v ]p-\:- ÿ - m-]n-°p-∂X - n-\p-≈\q-X\ - - i-k{-v X-{In-bI - ƒ- tI-cf - Ø - n-epw.C-¥y-bn¬- 45 Z-ie - £ - Ø - n-e[ - n-Iw- P-\ß - ƒ°v- {]-ta-l- tcm-Kap-s≠-∂-v I-W° - m-°s - ∏-Sp-∂p.A-Xn¬- A≥-]X - n-\m-bn-cØ - n-e[ - n-Iw- t]¿-°v- {]ta-l- ]m-Z-tcm-K-hp-am-bn- _-‘-s∏-´v- Hm-tcm- h¿jhpw- ]m-Zt- O-Zw- sN-tø-≠X - m-bn- h-cp-∂p.- {]-tal- tcm-Kn-If - n¬- R-cº - p-ho-°h - pw- Ip-d™ - c-‡{]-hm-lh - pw- aq-ew- ]m-ZØ - n-\pw- ]m-ZØ - n-s‚- hn-cep-Iƒ-°pw- A-]m-IX - I - f - pw- ssh-Ie - y-ßf - pw- kw`-hn-°p-∂X - -v ]-Xn-hm-W.v {]-ta-l- tcm-Kn-If - n¬- C-Øc - Ø - n-ep-≈- ]m-ZØn-s‚- ssh-Ie - yw- {h-Wm-hÿ - b - n-se-Øn-°pw.C-Xn-s‚- ^-e-am-bn- ]m-Z-Øn-s‚- A-Sn-bn¬- D-∏q‰n-bp-sS- `m-K-Øm-bn-´v- D-b¿-∂- a¿-±w- cq-]s - ∏-Sp-Ibpw- {I-ta-W- {h-Wa- m-bn- am-dp-Ib - pw- sN-øp-∂p.- Cß-s\-bp-≈- {h-Wß - ƒ- tcm-Km-Wp-°ƒ-°-v {]-thi-\- am¿-Ka- m-bn- am-dp-Ib - pw- tcm-Kn-bp-sS- ]m-Zt- O-Z-

Øn-\pw- A-hk - m-\w- a-cW - Ø - n-\pw- Im-cW - a- mIp-∂p.\q-X\ - - i-kv{- X-{In-bb - neq-sS- {]-ta-l- tcm-KnIfp-sS- hn-Ir-Xa- m-b- ]m-Zß - f - pw- hn-ce - p-If - pw- i-cnbm-b- cq-]-Øn-em-°p-∂- kw-hn-[m-\-߃- \n-ehn¬- h-∂n-´p-≠.v - {h-Wmh-ÿ- Iq-Sp-X¬- h¿-≤n®v- ]m-Zt- O-Zw- F-∂- \ne-bn-te-°v- t]m-Im-sX]m-Zs - Ø- kw-c£ - n-°phm≥- ]-‰n-b- ]-m-Z-kw-c£-W- \q-X-\- i-kv-{X{In-bI - ƒ- bp.-Fk - v.F - ,bp.-sI,- Hm-kv-t{S-en-b,P¿-Ω-\n,- d-jy,- kv-s]bn≥- Xp-Sß - n-b- hn-Ik - n-X- cm-Py-ßf - n¬- am-{X-amWv- \n-eh - n-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂X - v.- Cu- \q-X\ - - i-kv{- X{In-bm- - co-Xn-Iƒ- ]m-ZØ - n-s‚- A-Sn-bn¬- cq-]s - ∏Sp-∂- X-gº - ,v - {h-Wß - ƒ- F-∂n-hs- b- am-‰p-Ib - pw- {]ta-l- tcm-Kn-If - n-se- ]m-Zt- O-Zs - Ø- X-s∂- X-Sb - p-

I-bpw- sN-øp-∂p.- Xn-ßn-\n¬-°p-∂- hn-ce - p-Iƒ- \nan-Øw- sXm-en-Iƒ- X-Ωn¬- D-c-kn- s]m-´p-I-bpwA-Xv- {hW-Øn-te-°v- \-bn-°p-Ib - pw- sN-øp-∂p.Im¬-hn-ce - p-Is - f- km-[m-cW - - \n-eb - n-em-°nsN-øp-∂- \q-X-\- i-kv-{X{In-bm- co-Xn-bm-W-v kvI - m¿^v.- - sS≥-U≥- {Sm≥-k^ -v ¿i-k{-v X-{In-bb - n-eq-sS- {]-tal- tcm-Kn-If - p-sS- ]m-ZØ - ns‚- {h-Ws - Ø- \n-ti-jwam-‰p-Ib - pw- ]m-Zs - sh-Ie - y߃- am-‰n- ]m-Z-Øn-\v- cq]-`w-Kn- sIm-Sp-°p-hm-\pwkm-[n-°p-∂p.- N-m¿-tIm-Sk -v -v ^p-´v- F-∂- {]-ta-lt- cm-Kw- ]m-ZØ - n-t‚-bpw- I-W¶m-en-t‚-bpw- F-√p-Is - f- {Z-hn-®-v \-in-∏n-°p-∂p.- CXv- I-Tn-\a- m-b- {h-WØ - n-\pw- ]m-Zs- sh-Ie - y-Øn-\pwIm-cW - a- m-bn- `-hn-°p-∂p.- ]-eX - c - Ø - n-ep-≈- i-kv{X-{In-bI - f - m-b- {Sn-∏n-ƒ- A¿-s{Xm-sZ- nkv,- sπ-bn-

‰v- ^n-It-v k-j≥- F-∂n-h- h-gn-bpw- {]-ta-l- tcm-KnI-fn-se- ]m-ZØ - n-s‚- cq-]`- w-Kn- Xn-cn-®p-sIm-≠p-hcp-hm≥- km-[n-°p-∂p.G-jy- ≥- c-mP - y-ßf - n¬- C-¥y-bn¬- sIm-®n-bnep-≈- A-ar-X- C≥-k‰v- n-‰yq-´v- Hm-^v- sa-Un-°¬- kb≥-kv- B‚ v- dn-tk¿-®v- sk-‚-dn-se- F≥-sUmss{I-t\m-fP - n- Un-∏m¿-´s-v a‚n-se- U-b_ - ‰- n-I-v temh¿- enw-_v- B‚ v- s]m-Un-bm-{Sn-Iv- k¿-Pd- n- h-n`- mK-am-W-v C-Øc- w- i-k{-v X-{In-bI - ƒ- B-Zy-am-bn- sNøp-∂X - v.- A-ar-X- C≥-kv‰- n-‰yq-´v- Hm-^v- sa-Un-°¬k-b≥-kn-se- tUm.- A-Pn-XvI - p-am¿- h¿-Ω,- tUm.aw-K-fm-\-µ≥,- tU-m.- A-cp¨- _m¬,- tUm.- lmcojvI - p-am¿- F-∂n-h¿ - - i-kv{- X-{In-bb - v° - v- t\-Xr- Xzw- \¬-Ip-∂p.C-Xn-\I - w- C-Øc - Ø - n-ep-≈- 15 i-kv{- X-{In-bIƒ- sN-bv-Xp-I-gn-™p.- Hm-tcm- tcm-Kn-°pw- G-gpX-cw- i-k{-v X-{In-b- \-St- Ø-≠n-hc- pw.- H-cp- kw-LwtUm-Iv-S¿-am¿- tN¿-∂m-te- C-Xv- sN-øm≥- km [ - n-°q.-

Crossroad Vol 03 Issue 05  

Executive Editor: Thomas Mathai Karikkampallil

Crossroad Vol 03 Issue 05  

Executive Editor: Thomas Mathai Karikkampallil

Advertisement