This magazine was produced by students of Pontiﬁcia Universidad Javeriana in level 4 of English. Thanks to our teacher Yojana for making this magazin possible.
Articles By: Álvarez Vanegas Santiago Ardila Ordoñez Laura Alejandra Ballesteros Rumbo María Laura Buenahora Cortés Daniela Chaves Ramírez Santiago Domínguez Rey Paula Andrea Florez Wilches Angie Paola Gama Rolón María Victoria Gómez Cruz Luisa Fernanda Gutiérrez Delgado María Camila Hurtado Alvarado Mariana
Hurtado Vera Edith Viviana Mendoza González María Alejandra Morales Almonacid Daniel Jesús Morales González Daniela Navas Calixto Diego Leonardo Navas Gómez María Paula Ramírez Arenas María Fernanda Ramírez Sabogal Diana Valeria Restrepo Moya María Alejandra Roldán Bernal Juan David Sarmiento Robinson Natalia Andrea Zamudio González Caroline
Designed and produced by Edith Hurtado Mariana Hurtado
BOGOTÁ In broad daylight, a girl and three boys robbed a taxi driver with a knife. ENTRETAIMENT Chris Martin opens his veins in the next Coldplay album, 'Ghost Stories'. In terms of hall, the British quartet leader was in a sad mood, after his separation from actress Gwyneth Paltrow, and those emotions were imprinted on almost all of their sixth studio work.
EDUCATION Experts in early childhood gather in Ottawa to discuss the importance of play in children's learning from birth to ﬁve years old. MOTOR Toyota continues to rail on its way to be the most selling brand in the world for many years, as in the most recent report of sales performance during the past ﬁscal year 2013. The Japanese overcame the barrier of the 10 million units sold.
SPORTS -Novak Djokovic said on Thursday, April 24th, in social networks that he and his girlfriend Jelena Ristic are expecting their ﬁrst child. TRAVEL Bahía Solano, where whales, turtles and birds ﬁnd a haven for breeding, is a paradise for ecotourism in the Colombian Paciﬁc, one of the few areas of the world with virgin forests and animals and plant species yet to be discovered.
HEALTH Salt intake from 9.5 grams to 8.1 grams daily. The fall by 15 per cent of salt intake in England managed to reduce, between 2003 and 2011, cases of deaths from heart attacks and strokes in that country. TECHNOLOGY Researchers at the University of New Hampshire in the United States warned of a new security breach WhatsApp, an instant messaging, has over 500 million active users worldwide.
POLITICS This year, besides the current president, there are three candidates for the presidency in Colombia. The election will be held on May 25th, 2014. It is important to know the education proposals of each candidate: Zuluaga, Marta Lucia, and Peñalosa.
OSCAR IVAN ZULUAGA (Democratic Centre) He was born on February 3rd, 1959. He is an economist, businessman and Colombian politician. He has served as Minister of Finance.
- Full-time School Day in public schools from 8 am to 4 pm. - Power for 8.5 million children in public education. - Better pay for teachers, promotion of the quality of basic education. - Scholarships for teachers to be trained in literacy, math, science, bilingualism and other areas of basic education.
ENRIQUE PEÑALOSA (Green Alliance) He was born on September 30th, 1954 in Atlanta (USA). He is an economist. He graduated in economics from Duke University.
Comprehensive care for children from 0-5 years. Serve all children in a vulnerable situation. Build, rent and prepare the comprehensive care appropriate materials and technologies for rural and urban contexts with diﬀerent infrastructures. Professional development of early childhood educators. Ensure adequate and consistent funding for the program. Improve the quality of all pre-school, primary and secondary education. Improve the quality of teaching through a reform in ﬁve lines of action proposed in the study "After Teaching Excellence" Foundation Share. Place special emphasis on care for children in areas aﬀected by violence, inaccessible and higher poverty rates. Be sure that teachers attend these vulnerable populations.
MARTHA LUCIA RAMÍREZ (Conservative) She was born on July 4th, 1954. She is 59 years old. She is a lawyer and she studied at Pontiﬁcia Universidad Javeriana.
Create national polytechnic business colleges. The aim is to train people technically in each region according to the speciﬁc needs of each state in order not to be employees but entrepreneurs to develop their regions and to attend their region’s needs. Dignify the teacher, boosting their quality training. Tutors in the classroom: create a diﬀerent teacher accompaniment to oﬀer a quality education to students to address their weaknesses and to provide not only coverage but quality.
Colombia has young stockists After many trips, Berny Silber realized that in all European cities they have their own local brewery, so he drew the conclusion that Bogotá and Colombia needed a good beer, with more character and variety of styles. Others had already failed in their attempts to sell diﬀerent ale, so Berny brewers sold their creations particularly the style of a typical British Pub where guests feel at home. So, it was that in 2002 Bogota Beer Company was born under the concepts of local brewery and pub, and its success is shown by its 12 pubs in Bogota. But Silber knew that success is not a point of arrival but a path to walk, so he keeps traveling with diﬀerent chefs and training them to improve their products; while he’s still improving and incorporating elements representing each of their pubs to make them even more comfortable. "The largest small brewery of Bogota” has a modern production facility located in the heart of the city, in addition to a quality laboratory where it is monitored the step by step process of beer.
We love nails On August 4, 2012 Andrea and Daniella Moscarella Novoa, two best friends, decided to partner. Both shared a love for painting the nails and spent long hours decorating them with elaborated designs. So it was imagined the perfect plan: making art in nails while eating a delicious dessert with friends. These two university students who back then were just 21 and 22 years, decided to put their idea and sought agreements with diﬀerent bars in the city. It all started at Stragos Bar, the ﬁrst one that opened the doors to this idea. They had two manicurists who themselves trained and brought 200 enamels from around the world. They began to do the ad campaign 15 days before the opening and the reservations agenda was completely full when they opened. At Stragos Bar they were for a short time, as the Colombian women soon fell in love with the innovative experience that oﬀered the nail bar that the space was not enough to attend such demand. Taken from http://welovenails.com.co/es/about/
Gettin around by “Transmilenio”:The greatest challenge Last week, I saw a couple of tourists walking down the street; and they seemed to be really excited. So, the only thing I could think about was: “they haven’t moved around the city by ‘Transmilenio’ yet”. Using this system is definitely the greatest challenge and it’s just for brave people. It is true that this public transportation is a fast way to move in Bogota. But, if you want to be comfortable and quiet, just don’t try to get around by “Transmilenio”, because you could be a victim of pushing, hitting, yelling and also, thefts. This public transportation has also become a place to talk about the misfortunes of the country: women and men, of different ages, consider “Transmilenio” a good way to get money by telling passengers the tragic stories of their life.
Although it is a space where not only stories are heard, music is heard too. It is also a market with a lot of products: candies, groundnuts, toys, cards, creams, earrings, bracelets… whatever you want, you can buy to different sellers. I don’t mean it is bad at all, but the problem appears when they get mad just because someone doesn’t give them money, or doesn’t buy one of their products. “Transmilenio” is one of the best ways to show the lack of culture in Bogota; a place where people aren’t tolerant and kind. For example: if a pregnant woman gets into the bus and asks for a seat, many people pretend to be asleep just to keep their place. How can this happen? People do whatever they need to have a seat; and even if there’s no more space in the bus, people push until they are in.
“Transmilenio” represents a good way to go faster; but it is maybe the worst choice if someone wants to be relaxed and calm. The true function of this public service, which is to take people to a specific destination, is being accompanied by situations that not only shouldn’t exist (like pushing, hitting and thefts), but that also represent the absence of culture in the city.
“Scratch, Scratch and Scratch”: says Betto Text and photography by: Luisa Fernanda Gómez Edited by: Natalia Sarmiento and María Alejandra Restrepo Alberto Martinez, better known as ''Betto'' is a Colombian cartoonist, winner of four Simon Bolivar National Awards of Journalism (1999, 2008, 2010, 2013) and two CPB (2007, 2008) in the categories of Best Cartoon. Since 1998, he has registered the national reality with his lines and ingenuity in the newspaper El Espectador. In addition, he stands out as professor and with that role he takes benefit to communicate to the new generations the best of his experience as cartoonist. Besides being a cartoonist, from an early age, he has been curious about the harmonica and has been dedicated to study it a lot, so today he considers himself as a "Harmonicologist". He has accompanied bands like The Black Cat Bone, among others, playing the instrument that rescues the spirit of the Blues. He has also published 6 books [In Barra Arte de Humor 1997, Omelette de Humor 2002, Toro Humor 2005, Manual para Pioneros 2006,Blues en Blanco y Negro 2008, Ellos y Ellas 2008]. After half an hour interview with Betto, this is what he told us. What was the last book you read? The last book I read ... I read a lot, so I have to look at. The last one I read on April 8this called The Rum Diary by Hunter Thompson. This is my book 9 of this year. What book is currently on your nightstand? Una novelita lumpen, by Roberto Bolaños. It's a little thing that a friend gave me. I almost finish it. It’s very cool, because I've never read anything by Bolaños. That is real friendship, the friend who gave me the book traveled to EEUU, last week he came and we always make exchanges of books. What is your favorite writer? Charles Bukowski. Your favorite book? Women by Bukowski. Over the years things change: when I was a youngster, Tom Sawyer. After, I got the time of “Gabo”. I've always liked ''Gabo''. Later, I liked Enrique Jardiel Poncela ... I've been changing, but the one that has always been is Charles Bukowski. What are your hobbies? The harmonica, flying kites at any time of the year... I have many. I'm a man with many hobbies. I collect stamps, practice DXing, I mean, I listen shortwave. Listening shortwave is listening to distant radio stations from other parts of the world: Turkey's radio stations or stations from Iran, Russia, and Cuba. I make the report that I hear them and in gratitude they send me a card and I collect these cards.
What is your favorite activity? Drawing, basically. It’s necessary to the diary, I draw the whole day. Drawing and reading. These are the things that I do more during the day. Dream to achieve To publish in the New Yorker, and may be fly alone more time. What do you do actually? I publish in Fenai, in Ecoguía magazine, in El Espectador, I teach at Javeriana and that’s it. What do you teach in your graphic humor class? What there is in the books is there, so I don’t teach that. I believe that I teach people to be happy. It will hear so romantic, but I believe that I'm happy with what I do, it’s clear, I teach it. Look! Drawing is cool because you want to do it. What are your cartoons? Graphic reflections. What is a cartoon for you? Well, the obvious, it’s a way to express, it’s the editorial overview. For me, it’s the most beautiful way to do for a living. Because I’m in my house, no one disturbs me, I make the drawing. Before, during and after, while I plan it… all it’s a pleasure: think, make and see it after publishing it is so amazing. It’s all that. Tips or advice for someone who wants to be a cartoonist Read a lot. Drawing is flying hours. Reading will make you draw and scratch and scratch and scratch… Then the advice is scratch, scratch and scratch until you get exhausted, and when you get exhausted, you can stop drawing. Namely, you change to other page, or you make smaller or bigger your drawings. And reading. For me is reading.
Creative People People think that creativity is a natural condition in the human being. It is, but they think that just few people can have this condition. If they don’t consider themselves creative people is because they don’t write some stories or don’t draw according to a social standard or because they are not great musicians or only because they don’t try to be creative people. Creativity is something that people develop across their lives. It doesn’t appear because of a weird universe power. Everybody is creative but in different levels. We are experts creating stories to sustain some failures in the school, university or romantic dates. Everybody draws in their notebooks when they are bored. If these drawings are not considered good drawings is because society has established some beauty rules, but it doesn’t mean that you are not a creative person. Beauty is not associated with creativity. If this negative thinking about creative people continues floating into human brains, the world will be the same as it is now: Full of people that just think in themselves, embittering people’s life just because they don't try to have a creative life full of good things. This is an invitation to everybody to think that creativity is more than drawing good, or write a lot of thinking. Creativity is about building a better world to you, to everybody. Then everybody is creative. Just try to do it! Edith Hurtado
Top 5 TV series In this top 5 you will find the best TV series you can look at night on Colombian TV . 1. The Simpson It's the cartoon series and comedy series with more time in the prime time in the history of television. THE SIMPSON enjoys enormous popularity with a lot of fans around the world. Ironic, comic, astute and very well-written script is a fun way to show unusual life through improbable situations. The Simpsons live in the small town of Springfield but are not alone accompanying the particular universe of people of this unconventional city. They are near their 25 season premiere and this series pretends to keep the prime time on TV. 2.
The Walking Dead
In the fourth season of The Walking Dead, we see Rick and the group of survivors carrying out community service in prison, the only safe refuge. Unfortunately, in this world, happiness is short and the living dead generate threats, but these threats have not comparison with the danger into the walls of the prison. The new lifestyle group will be tested and the struggle for survival has never been so risky. You can watch this series on Fox. 3. The Big Bang Theory It begins the sixth season of The Big Bang Theory and emotions start to the four inseparable friends. Now they face a different dynamic, as Howard (Simon Helberg) married Bernadette (Melissa Rauch) nothing is equal. The group of scientists will have more problems with a little more difficulty than the usual. You can watch this series on Warner Channel on Tuesdays at 9pm.
4. New Girl It's a comedy centered on an independent young girl, her three roommates that are all men and her best friend. This series is based on the relations that are established between them and they are forming a functional or dysfunctional family. In its third season, it will bring many Jessâ€™ adventures.
5. Modern Family Pritchett-Dunphy-Tucker is a wonderful family who will go through different moments to make it a more united family and they will set new goals in this fourth season. It is also a family that has all kinds of characters like gays, children, babies, young people but also adults. Together, these three families present to us an honest and often funny face of the modern family.
This movie is about an adaptation of Jordan Belfort’s memoir chronicling his rises and falls on Wall Street and his hard-partying, addiction-fueled personal life. “When we first meet Jordan Belfort, he’s more pup than a wolf, his lowest-rung job at L.F. Rothschild requiring him only to “smile and dial”. A first day lunch with big boss Mark Hanna (Matthew McConaughey) sows the seeds of the chaos to come, though: Hanna advises him that the stock market is “all fugazi” while preaching the worthlessness of morals and the necessity of greed, cocaine and, to stay relaxed. Then, on 19 October, 1987, the very day Jordan becomes a licensed broker, the market crashes and Rothschild goes under”. Jordan joins a penny-stocks firm in Long Island, employing a bunch of expert salesmen and the triumphant result is named Stratton Oakmont, an illegally firm of the stock market. From the start of the movie the spectators are put right into what it means to be a New York stock broker. This movie maybe is a little exaggerated, but it needed because of the lavish and high intensity life style the men live. The Role of Leonardo Di Caprio plays is probably his best role I have seen him play. Unfortunately, even though he was nominated for an Oscar, he lost in the best actor category.
REGARDING FILMSâ€Ś This is a personal opinion based on what I have seen. I have never studied cinematography or something similar. I study business administration, but I like the cine too much. I try to go 2 or 3 times per month to see any movie in the huge screen and sometimes, for choosing quickly just for seeing something, I have met with a â€œhard nutâ€?, and maybe some of you have lived the same experience. For that reason, I decided to give you these recommendations. These movies are no longer on the cinema but you still can get them easily. Most of them are recent and maybe will help you for any afternoon or night you decide to see a good movie at home and do not waste time looking for one. â€˘ COMEDY To begin, if you want to have a good time and laugh for a long while my recommendation is â€œNo se aceptan devolucionesâ€? which had a great welcome this 2014. It is a nice story with some drama and it is about a womanizer who, in one of his adventures, appears with a baby. He wanted to return the baby girl to her mom in the United States, but he finished loving her in the path, and he decided to take care of her. After 7 years, the mom appears and everything becomes difficult. Others: Una Familia Numerosa, Los Aprendices, Bad Grandpa, El Dictador. â€˘ ROMANCE The truth, this is not my favorite genre, neither I have seen a lot of movies of this kind of films, but with some help of a feminine touch, we have chosen these 3, I have seen them and they were not boring. Others: 3 Metros sobre el Cielo, Posdata te amo, and Diario de una PasiĂłn.
â€˘ DRAMA Amigos or Untouchable (2012) is not very recent but it has been one of the best movies I have seen in a long time. It has some comedy and a nice uncommon story. It is about a disabled billionaire who needs too much care and he decides to hire an unconcerned man without studies about that, and despite their differences of culture, age and preferences, a very sincere friendship is created. Others: 7 Almas, Warrior, Her. â€˘ ACTION My favorite is the saga of â€œFast and Furiousâ€? but most of you know about it. For that reason, I prefer to talk about â€œNeed for Speedâ€? which is newer and it is based on a game, with a similar topic (cars and illegal races) but very different, with a story and a very distinct scene setting. I thought it would be boring, but I enjoyed it. You have to see it to understand what I am talking about. Other recommendations: RĂĄpido y Furioso, CapitĂĄn AmĂŠrica, The Avegers, Red. â€˘ OTHER GENRES ADVENTURE AND SCIENCE FICTION Elysium, The Hunger Games, El Hobbit, In Time. HORROR/SUSPENSE El Conjuro, The Purge. â€˘ TOP â€œHARD NUTâ€? o Noe o La Gran Aventura Lego o El Heredero del Diablo o NinfomanĂa ÂĄNEVER SEE THEM!
The Iberoamerican Festival of Theater of Bogota Adapted by: Natalia Sarmiento Robinson and María Alejandra Restrepo Moya
The Iberoamerican Festival of Theater of Bogota, which is held every two years, was celebrated this year between April 4th and 20th and had the participation of companies from 25 countries. This festival was declared Colombian Cultural Heritage on October 31st, 2013, which means that the Nation guarantees its preservation as the greatest national performance of scenic art. After 14 editions, these are some results: • • • •
31'237.430 Spectators 8.539 Performances 2.302 Companies 34.085 Artists
And these are the results for this year: • • •
Spectators: 2'235.000 Occupied theaters: 82% Tickets sold: 310.880
The XIV Iberoamerican Festival of Theater began with a traditional parade with amazing performances from Brazil, the special guest country. For 17 days, 45 international and 39 Colombian companies performed in 28 auditoriums, fourteen parks and three public areas. Furthermore, this event joined together in Bogota great international stage directors, such as the American director Bob Wilson, Brazilian Antunes Filho, Chinese She Wei, who was the principal choreographer of Olympics Games 2008, Tomaz Pandur, director of many European companies and the South African director William Kentridge. There were many performances which sold out the tickets before the beginning of the festival, such as the Colombian play ‘’No te escupo la cara porque la vida lo hará mejor que yo’’ by the company Rueda Roja and the play ‘’Mas pequeños que el Guggenheim’’ by the Mexican company The Guggenheim, which talks about the life of some friends who alleviate their loneliness through theater. Other were the Brazilian performances ‘’Wonderful’’ by Paulo Verlings about Rio de Janeiro and “The Garden” by the company Cia. Hiato. Hanspring Puppet Company was the only South African company and the one which performed with puppets. Taken from: El Espectador h tt p : / / w w w . e l e s p e c t a d o r . c o m / n o t i c i a s / c u l t u r a / l o s - 2 0 - g r a n des-directores-de-teatro-presentes-el-festiv-articulo-483610
ESTEREO PICNIC FESTIVAL ¡The best music, the best artists, in one place! The Estereo Picnic is an alternative music festival that is performed every year in Bogota. This festival was created in 2010 by an independent Group of event promoters. This festival has been presented in the northern Sabana of Bogotá with national and international artists. This event also consists in cultural activities where people can enjoy food and art in the outside. Last 3, 4 and 5 April, the Estero Picnic Festival was presented. The most important festival in this city brought around 44 artists including The Red Hot Chili Peppers, Nine Inch Nails, Tiesto, and a lot of pop artists. This festival didn’t bring just good music, but also, really good food; there were little kiosks where people could eat something before and during the festival. Also there were shops where people could buy clothes, posters, and a lot of things. This festival is the best excuse to listen to really good music and enjoy with really good people.
SUMMERLAND The most important Electronic Festival in Colombia! Summerland is an outdoor electronic music festival that is held in Cartagena de Indias, Colombia. This festival is celebrated annually in the early days of January and lasts 3 awesome days! Summerland was created in 2013 by The Royal House Society, Dance Republick and On Beat. Those are 3 important companies, leaders in the market of Electronic music in Latin America. In this festival you can also enjoy games, tattoos, especial contests and you can buy special things in small shops. This year, Summerland attracted 3.000 tourists from a lot of countries around the world, like EEUU, Mexico, Venezuela, Holland, Belgium, Argentina and Spain. There were performances of around 30 national and international DJs, including Afrojack, Cedric Gervais, Dimitri Vegas & Like Mike, and Nicky Romero. You cannot miss this festival next year, and have the opportunity to party all night next to the beach, listen to really good music and enjoy with the best people!
TOMORROWLAND "Yesterday is history, today is a gift, tomorrow is mystery". Tomorrowland is a music festival that takes place at the recreation area, De Schorre, in Boom, Belgium. The town of Boom is situated between Antwerp & Brussels. This year, it will be celebrated between July 18 – 20 and later 25 – 27. Tomorrowland is the biggest music festival in the world. It started in 2004 and it’s been growing up. Many DJ’s perform in this festival and a lot of people around the world go to that festival.The minimum age limit to entry to the festival is 18. It also has a campsite just outside the festival site, called Dreamville, for those attendees who wish to stay as close as possible. Dreamville oﬀers diﬀerent accommodations: be it a place to put your own tent or a mansion for a certain number of people. Added to this, the entrance to Dreamville oﬀers to attend The Gathering, a pre-festival party on Thursday evening which often includes the participation of DJ's included in the line-up of the weekend. Tomorrowland ALWAYS has more than one stage where the DJ’s perform electronic music and the scenarios are surrounded by a decor that simulates a fairy tale. The festival itself oﬀers a variety of sub-genres within electronic music. This music festival is one of the events that we have to go before dying. http://www.tomorrowland.com/en
Curious Facts •
The tongue of a mature blue whale has approximately the same mass as that of an entire elephant. •
Lemons contain more sugar than strawberries.
Honeybees cannot see the colour red.
• Warmer water can sometimes freeze faster than colder water. This is known as the Mpemba effect. • Having sexual intercourse with someone who has eaten Brazil nuts can cause an allergic reaction in someone who is allergic to them. It seems that Brazil nut proteins are secreted into semen which can then cause a reaction if it comes into contact with someone who has an allergy. •
Peanuts are one of the ingredients of dynamite.
• Donald Duck comics were banned in Finland because he doesn't wear pants. • Honey is the only food that doesn’t spoil. To make 1 pound of honey, bees would have to visit over 2 million flowers. • Did you know Disneyland does not sell chewing gum? Walt Disney did not want guests inconvenienced by stepping on gum purchased in the park. •
Squirrels forget where about 50% of the nuts they’ve hidden are.
• The price of the Titanic cost about $7 million to build and the price of the Titanic movie was about $200 million to make. • More people are killed from donkeys in a year than planes. • Can’t sleep at night? Go camping for a week. Researchers say that 1 week camping without electronics resets our biological body clock and synchronizes our melatonin hormones with sunrise and sunset. • More than 50% of the people in the world have never made or received a telephone call. • If you try to suppress a sneeze, you can rupture a blood vessel in your head or neck and die. • Dolphins sleep with one eye open.
READY FOR BRAZIL?
THE SPORT FOR THE SOUL Around the world exist so many sports that represent the culture and the traditions of every country; some are more ancient than others, but one of them includes the relation between nations, makes the people feel the real passion of the game and establishes a life style where the age is not the important deal. Soccer is the most massive, thrilling and exciting sport that the world has ever seen, and now with the fever of the FIFA World Cup, the commotion of this game is going to be amazing! Brazil is hosting the 2014 FIFA World Cup which takes place every four years. This will be the 20th World Cup and Brazil's second time to host the competition, the first time being in 1950. There are 12 Host Cities with the final match taking place in Rio de Janeiro and the favorite team, because of obviously reasons, is Brazil. All the details that involves this important event had to be considered before the selection that makes the FIFA organization. They set up who is going to be the host of the World Cup with 8 or maybe more years of anticipation. Now, with everything almost ready, we just only have to wait for the first 90 minutes when the story will start to be written again. Let's start the ball roll in Brazil!
Most people feel trapped in a life full of routines; they feel like they don't have an escape from the society in which they live. But there is a solution, the answer is within ourselves. Many times we try to evade our problems by traveling or just ignoring them, but there is a practice that helps the body relax and release stress. This practice is called "yoga". As I mentioned before, yoga helps people free their minds from their bodies and this helps them have better control over their thoughts and the tensions within their bodies disappear. Yoga also helps balance the body internally, it stimulates brain waves, it's good for digestion and it makes the stomach and skin firmer. "Yoga brings the mind to the present moment, improving clarity and alertness. This way, the mind is at peace and can deal with daily stress". MarĂa Paula Navas For more information please look this link http://www.artofliving.org/ar-es/yoga http://www.huellas.com/yoga.php
Bees in problems When you visit a supermarket and buy some fruits or vegetables such as apples, carrots, lemons, onions, broccoli, and, of course, honey, all of this food, in part, is produced thanks to honeybees. Honeybees are one of the most important pollinators of crops around the world and almost a third of the food is pollinized by these insects. A pollinator is an organism who transfers pollen between plants in order to help the reproduction of the plants. This is the reason why honeybees are so important, but in the last decade the croppers have seen a reduction of honeybee population, and this phenomenon is called Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD). There are many factors that probably are causing the declination on honeybee population. Some of these factors are: Varroa mite, which is a parasitic insect that sucks beesâ€™ blood (haemolymph) causing some diseases produced by bacteria, fungi and viruses, which produce wing deformations and paralysis. But pesticides, especially neocoticoids, are probably the principal cause of the honeybees population decrease. Neocoticoids, which are commonly used for pest control, are water soluble, and are taken up by the plant and are accumulated in some parts of it, like the flowers, which contain the pollen and nectar and represent a high risk for the bees because they feed of nectar. Thus, agriculture studies are an essential tool in the research of the honeybee population decline. Through samples of pests or pathogens and beesâ€™ databases, this phenomenon could be solved in order to avoid a food crisis in the future.
Technology Which cellphone is better? Nowadays, people are getting very close to technology. It’s a very good tool to improve our lives. Cellphones are the most common technology tool because they are very easy to carry and have many things to make our time funnier. The most sold cellphone around the world is the iPhone 5C, a cellphone created by Apple company, but is that really good? because in the market there are a lot of cellphones even better than the iPhone’s. The direct competences of Apple are two companies that are improving every day. One of those companies is Samsung with their most recent cellphone the Samsung Galaxy S5, a very fast and compact cellphone equipped with 2G of RAM, 16GB or 32GB of hard disk and a 16-megapixel camera, even with full HD 1080p, perfect for people who like an easy and speedy cellphone. But we can’t forget the other direct competence of Apple, one of the oldest technology companies around the globe. That company is named Sony with their most recent cellphone: the Xperia Z2. It is equipped with the best camera on earth with 20.7 megapixels, 3X digital zoom, water resistant, 3GB of RAM, 16GB of hard disk and an amazing full HD screen, perfect for photo lovers and gamers. Well, knowing all these facts, do you really think that the iPhone is the best cellphone on the market? Of course all the people have different likes, but if you are a technology lover think it twice when you are going to buy a cellphone because the small facts also count for making your life better.
Healthy living This section of articles on health and fitness is composed of many different topics about exercise, healthy eating and weight loss. Learn why proper diet and exercise is important when it comes to good health, along with tips to help to keep on a healthier life and take some tips that are basic and easy that can be done every day. Tips that can be made every day and to be taken into account for good health and a better lifestyle: A GOOD HYDRATATION: A good amount of water can actually clean your arteries and expands the blood vessels causing the arteries be more elastic, which is essential for heart health because it helps and increases metabolism and allows stored fat be burned more efficiently and decreases heart rate, lower blood pressure and reduces fluid retention.
BREAKFAST: Breakfast should include at least four grams of fiber, which in turn reduces cholesterol and blood fat. 10 gr. cereal fiber reduces the risk of heart disease and diabetes by 30 percent! It also reduces the risk of cancer and diabetes. Good sources of fiber are cereals in general. An important tip is to eat breakfast within 30 minutes of having woken up. This makes the risk of cancer be reduced. It should be the heaviest of the day and the dinner should be the least heavy; the body adapts to this and hunger is controlled during the day. Our bodies become more efficient and burn calories when you eat a good breakfast.
VEGETABLES AND MEAT: Choose at least two different vegetables at lunch. Eat a minimum of one cup of vegetables at each meal then eat the rest of your meal. Rice, potato and corn are starches and are NOT counted as vegetables. Eat a maximum of four ounces of meat, pork, chicken or fish a day. But you cannot forget that everything in excess is bad, you should eat a necessary portion every day. GRAINS & NUTS Whole grains contain all the antioxidant benefits of fruits and vegetables, but on a much larger scale. Everyone can find grain foods like peanut butter and jelly sandwiches. Add these to your diet today. Even though nuts are high in fat, studies have shown that combined with a healthy diet, they help accelerate weight loss and reduce waist size. This is due to the healthy fats and high amount of protein that your body needs to function effectively. To start eating healthier, the key is to concentrate when you are in the store. Always seek the perimeter of the store where the essential foods like fruits, vegetables and protein are, before going through the halls of sugared temptation. You should always consult with a personal trainer or a nutritionist to make sure your diet lines up with specific objectives. Whether you're looking for a healthier lifestyle or want a specific body shape, consulting with experts is a great way to make sure you are taking most of your meals.
Consulted in: http://www.healthdiscovery.net/articles BY: Diana Valeria RamĂrez Sabogal
Hey, wake up and take care of you! If you are the kind of people who always makes excuses – you can’t get to the gym, you don’t have time, you can’t afford it, or the weather may not be suitable to go outdoors and exercise, look at this, it is for you. The only equipment you need is yourself – meaning NO EXCUSES. (Ted Vickey). Working against your own body weight is the most natural way to train and is extremely effective at getting you in shape. Here you’re going to find a short routine for your workout. All you need is a couple of chairs, books, bottles and buckets. So let’s do it. 1. Before start doing force exercises, you must do stretching exercises between 10 and 15 minutes to keep out of harms. 2. You only need to do 4 series and repeat it 12 times. 3. Don’t forget to maintain the body in an upright position and always keep looking straight ahead. 4. At the end, you must do stretching exercises again, but this time could be 15 or more minutes.
CHAIR DIPS 1. Position yourself between the chairs, supporting your weight on your hands and with your feet out in front of you. 2. Slowly lower yourself until your upper arms are parallel to the seat of the chairs. 3. Hold in lower position before pushing back up until your arms are fully extended again.
PUSH-UPS 1. Place the books on the ground about shoulder width apart. 2. Lie face down on the floor with your hands on the books. 3. Push-up until your arms are straight. This is the starting position. 4. Lower your body until your chest reaches the level of the books, and then return to the starting position.
SIT UPS 1. Lie flat on your back on the floor with your knees bent at 90 degrees and feet flat on the floor. 2. Extend your arms and place your palms on your thighs. 3. Slowly curl the torso, raising your head and shoulders and sliding your hands along your thighs until they reach your knees. 4. Lower your head and shoulders back down to the floor.
LUNGES 1. Step forward with one foot, leaving the other back. 2. Lower your back knee almost to the floor, and rise up again, concentrating on squeezing your buttocks to push yourself up. 3. Repeat this action to perform several repetitions, then again with the opposite foot forward. 4. Make sure there is not too great distance between your feet. Do not allow your front knee to go forward beyond your toes as you come down.
BUCKET SQUATS 1. Position your feet flat on the floor, about shoulder width apart (toes slightly turned out), with a bucket in each hand. 2. Slowly descend until the thighs are parallel to the floor, hold for a second, and then push back up to the starting position. 3. Always inhale your breath on the way down, and exhale as you stand up.
You can do it, you have time for it, all you need is to start and later you wouldn’t want to stop. Take a breath of your daily journey and don`t forget to think in your health. “Take care of your body. It’s the only place you have to live”. (Jim Rohn)
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The Years of Solitude of the colonel Jose Arcadio Buendía. The iron symbol. Tom Sawyer was his idea printed on the paper. A film was named after it. The wild animals come from this island. Philosophy’s father. He was who started with the thinking and the question art. The person who is fear of numbers. Michael Jackson’s musical success. An irregular verb with the same form in different times. You can hear this word at the hairdresser’s. 9. The states in the American Flag are represented by them. 10. Phenomenon in the radiance way which appears on night sky, especially in the North Pole. 11. Tomas Andrew was its architect. 12. Da Vinci’s famous painting but with the other name. 13. Name of the famous movies group in India. It is like the name in the L.A. 14. The 13th in the “last supper” painting. 15. Great revolutionary person of technology.
Complete the square with numbers from 0-9 without repetition in the horizontal and vertical spaces. In each big square, any number can not be repeated.
MAGIC SQUARE Put in the next table the numbers from 1 to 9 in such a way that the sum of three numbers of each line, the three numbers of each column, and each diagonal be the same number.
THE FIVE CIRCLES The number of each circle is equal to 22. The numbers are from 1 to 9. Complete the spaces with the correct number.
NUMERIC TRIANGLE Inside each triangle, there is a number which is the result of multiplying each angle of the shape. Find the corresponding numbers to each triangle.
WORDSEARCH WITH CLUES • • • • • • •
He was born in 1918 and is considered the Nobel Peace laureate of the last years. This city is 476 years old and it is located in Colombia. This university was founded in 1604. It is one of the more recognized in Colombia. This company was founded in Medellin. It produces many delicious cookies. The brand which is the identity of Colombians in the entire world. The name of a great Colombian writer. Famous comedy with Will Smith. A B F G F U P R I N C E B E L A I R O P
F G F W A J G F D S A L O P U Y T R E W
E G G S S N H A S D E T Y U I O P A N L
R S A D D R J C A D F G H W A O P L E N
W A B F F A K Z Q A C A A T A F D J l M
S E R G G F L X W S D S S N W E G A S S
D R I H H D Ñ V E D F D D O Q N N T O W
G V E J J E P B R F G F F E S S N Y N E
E B L K B O G O T A H A G L D D M E M R
R N G R K G D V T G N V H A C O L R A T
T M A G L B E B Y A W N J D F A S F N Y
M H R F B H W N I H E B K D F S C D D U
J J C D F U S R U J R M L F D D V C E I
L K I A D O E M I K T D A A E F Z V L O
O T A E S P S M O L M R C S A G X N A P
P D P E A F D D K M H T D C S H Q H A K
O F O j S D F D J N G Y F V C W F G D J
F T R S J G W S S S F U R B V W G D R H
I G T F G T G B E T U I E N B A J W T G
J H A N V A L D E Z P O D M N G J F P S
Published on Jun 1, 2014