Settling Down 1.
Identifying and comparing characteristics of rural and urban settlements through photographs
Complete the graphic organiser below to classify rural and urban settlements. Use the questions provided to help you complete the graphic organiser. (a) What are the four factors that determine if a settlement is rural or urban? (b) How would you describe the characteristics of a rural settlement or an urban settlement? Rural or Urban Settlement
Population size and density
• Small population
• Fishing, mining,
• Low population
Rural: • Provides basic
Way of life
Rural: • People work to
meet their basic
• Large population
Urban: • Provides a wide
• High population
range of goods
Urban: • People are mainly
(Accept other plausible answers.) Worksheet 3.1
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Photograph A and Photograph B show two types of settlements.
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(a) Compare the two settlements and complete the table below. Photograph A
Describe the environment.
• Photo shows a largely physical environment of hills and valleys
• Photo shows a largely human environment that is made up of skyscrapers
Describe the buildings in terms of structure, height and materials used.
• Single-storey houses made of wood and zinc sheets
• Multi-storey buildings made of concrete, glass and steel
Describe the pattern of the settlement.
• Individual buildings are separated from each other forming a dispersed pattern
• Built very close together in a tight cluster forming a nucleated pattern
Describe the population density.
• Population density is likely to be low
• Population density is likely to be high
(b) Study the photographs carefully. Use evidence from the photographs to support your answers. (i) What do you think people do for a living in each settlement? • Photograph A: People are likely to be farmers as there is evidence of crops being grown in the settlement. •
Photograph B: People are likely to be engaged in businesses and the service industry. The buildings are most likely offices.
(ii) What are the amenities that are likely to be found in each settlement? •
Photograph A: A few shops offering basic goods and services; a few facilities such as schools and clinics
Photograph B: Many amenities; businesses offering a wide range of goods and services; well-developed transport network
(c) What conclusion can you draw about the type of settlement shown in each photograph? Photograph A shows a rural settlement, while Photograph B shows an urban settlement. Worksheet 3.1
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