Page 1

Chapter 3

3.1

Name:

Class:

Date:

Ta r

Settling Down 1.

t ge

Skills

:

Identifying and comparing characteristics of rural and urban settlements through photographs

Complete the graphic organiser below to classify rural and urban settlements. Use the questions provided to help you complete the graphic organiser. (a) What are the four factors that determine if a settlement is rural or urban? (b) How would you describe the characteristics of a rural settlement or an urban settlement? Rural or Urban Settlement

Population size and density

Main function

Rural:

Rural:

• Small population

• Fishing, mining,

• Low population

farming

density

Amenities

Rural: • Provides basic

Way of life

Rural: • People work to

goods and

meet their basic

services

needs

Urban:

Urban:

• Large population

• Manufacturing

Urban: • Provides a wide

• High population

and business

range of goods

involved in

and services

providing goods

density

Urban: • People are mainly

and services

(Accept other plausible answers.) Worksheet 3.1

019-026 EOH2 WB_03(SE). 19

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2.

Photograph A and Photograph B show two types of settlements.

A

B

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Worksheet 3.1

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(a) Compare the two settlements and complete the table below. Photograph A

Photograph B

Describe the environment.

• Photo shows a largely physical environment of hills and valleys

• Photo shows a largely human environment that is made up of skyscrapers

Describe the buildings in terms of structure, height and materials used.

• Single-storey houses made of wood and zinc sheets

• Multi-storey buildings made of concrete, glass and steel

Describe the pattern of the settlement.

• Individual buildings are separated from each other forming a dispersed pattern

• Built very close together in a tight cluster forming a nucleated pattern

Describe the population density.

• Population density is likely to be low

• Population density is likely to be high

(b) Study the photographs carefully. Use evidence from the photographs to support your answers. (i) What do you think people do for a living in each settlement? • Photograph A: People are likely to be farmers as there is evidence of crops being grown in the settlement. •

Photograph B: People are likely to be engaged in businesses and the service industry. The buildings are most likely offices.

(ii) What are the amenities that are likely to be found in each settlement? •

Photograph A: A few shops offering basic goods and services; a few facilities such as schools and clinics

Photograph B: Many amenities; businesses offering a wide range of goods and services; well-developed transport network

(c) What conclusion can you draw about the type of settlement shown in each photograph? Photograph A shows a rural settlement, while Photograph B shows an urban settlement. Worksheet 3.1

019-026 EOH2 WB_03(SE). 21

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Worksheet 3.1

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geo  

THIS IS ONLY FOR 202 PEOPLE