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Workboats and oil spill cleanup vessels

PROTECTING THE ENVIRONMENT THROUGH INNOVATION


Ecoceane Our belief Evidence has shown that, when there is marine pollution, it is important to treat pollutants and spills upstream as early as possible, before they damage the coastline. Despite this, recent studies have found that: “Despite the significant means employed, very few - if any - hydrocarbons are recovered at sea.” This inefficiency severely impacts the environment, making clean-up operations difficult and causing serious damage to the coastline. Our task This is why, for the last 10 years, ECOCEANE has focused its energies on researching, developing, building and marketing its patented, versatile vessels. These vessels are designed to recover hydrocarbons and solid floating waste at sea. Research and design The company’s facilities include an engineering design office and a shipyard that specialises in aluminium and metal construction. The shipyard and design office are first and foremost a research and development laboratory, dedicated to manufacture and to test effective ways of fighting marine pollution. INNOVATION ECOCEANE’s innovative technology makes it possible to recover all types of floating and liquid waste (hydrocarbons). Solutions Our solutions cover ports, coastlines, lakes and rivers, the oil industry, and ocean-going and polar operations. All of our vessels, ranging from 7 to 46 metres in length, are equipped with our revolutionary technology. Each vessel is adapted to the needs of a particular environment and a specific type of operation.

Without early intervention, the only thing standing in the way of hydrocarbons is the coastline. The environmental consequences of such an event and its impact on the local population have led us to develop effective solutions for collection at sea.

spreading of hydrocarbons Hydrocarbons that are lighter than water spread very rapidly on the surface. It is therefore essential to intervene as soon as possible.

emulsion

éric Vial

When hydrocarbons and water are mixed, air molecules are imprisoned, forming a combination of oil + water + air with the consistency of thick salad dressing. This change in the pollutant makes recovery more complex because it increases the density and viscosity. This phenomenon is mainly generated by pumping thin hydrocarbon slicks in water. The viscosity of this emulsion, which is difficult to treat, explains the low efficiency of existing systems.

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Introduction The context of Recovery at sea a risky situation

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The solution : The Ecoceane revolution a fresh perspective

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The global market

page 6

ABC

of tackling pollution

General problems associated with marine pollution (e.g. oil slick) and their impacts on cleanup equipment. Once an oil slick alert has been issued, the priority is to collect the pollutant as early and as close to the emission source as possible.

The objectives of pollution control at sea Techniques and equipment for pollution control at sea. Objective 1: Versatility In order to be financially viable, cleanup vessels must be able to be used for other maritime activities when not required for cleanup operations.

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Objective 2: Speed of deployment In order to be efficient and limit the areas requiring treatment, pollution cleanup vessels must be deployed to affected areas as quickly as possible.

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Objective 3: Effective pollutant collection There are many different types of hydrocarbon and floating waste; collection vessels must therefore be capable of working quickly and in difficult conditions.

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Objective 4: Preventing the formation of emulsion Emulsion limits collection capacity to 5m3/hour.

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Objective 5: Evacuating the pollutant from the site Evacuating pollutants must not hinder the cleanup operation.

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Objective 6: Protection of people A cleanup operation must not adversely affect the health of those carrying out the operation.

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Workboats adapted for cleanup and pollution control Cataglop : For port and coastline maintenance. Workglop : For the oil industry. Spillglop : For ocean-going pollution control.

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ICE version specifically for operations in polar regions.

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The context of Recovery at sea

> A risky situation The increase in global energy demand causes oil companies to multiply offshore extraction sites in regions that have so far been preserved. Sea and river transport, which is the most economical form of transport, is increasing every year. Rivers flowing into seas and oceans are often polluted. The risk of accidental pollution follows this trend in an exponential way. These changes, which are obligatory for the economies of the countries concerned, have grave consequences for the environment.

> Raised awareness Following major oil spills in the 1970s, some countries established organisations to combat marine pollution. Pollution cleanup tools were put into place. Although they are not very effective, these systems of recovery at sea have not changed since. The main reason for this low efficiency is the emulsion phenomenon caused by pumping hydrocarbons in the presence of water. This technological stagnation has harmful consequences for the environment, which are also costly for the economy.

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The solution the E c o c e a n e re v o l u t i o n

> A fresh perspective After 10 years of research and development, Ecoceane’s design office has developed a complete and consistent range of 7 to 46 metre vessels adapted for all environments. It has its own shipyard, which enables it to design and build prototypes. The plans, created with Dassault Systèmes’ CATIA software, can be used to provide any shipyard with the manufacturing drawings and electronic cutting drawings for the parts required to build the vessels. The hydrocarbons, recovered without creating an emulsion, are stored afloat, and in the case of major pollution, transferred continuously to tankers or barges, which can be used in rotation to allow recovery of unlimited quantities. Our ships work at speeds of 4 knots, in winds of up to and including force 6, cleaning a surface of up to 60,000 sq.m. per hour, and are more than 20 times more efficient than existing systems.

> A profitable model Our vessels combine protection of the environment with economic profitability. They are true autonomous recovery stations, and can be used as barges, workboats or supply vessels when not used for cleanup operations. Ecoceane has developed 3 ranges of pollution cleanup and work vessels, - Cataglop: For ports, close onshore work, rivers and canals... - Workglop: for the oil industry, coastal work, large rivers and lakes... - Spillglop: for ocean-going standby, persistent pollution… Our current research concerns hydrocarbon recovery in the Arctic environment and the integration of our technique in warships.

> A challenge on the planetary scale Ecoceane is a multipurpose ship designer, (work, cleaning and pollution cleanup vessels), with its own design office and an integrated shipyard for prototype construction. Ships are built using our own technology in co-operation with local partners in every region of the world.

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Number of ships required for the protection of the seas and oceans and other water bodies total

3 350 1070

Cataglop

102

Spillglop

North America

11

Ice

Cataglop

Workglop

Workglop

570 150

Spillglop

16

Ice

3

Example

Deploying four Spillglop 250 vessels during the Gulf of Mexico oil spill disaster would have cost less than 1/1000th (one thousandth) of the actual cleanup cost. These vessels would have been capable of cleaning up all of the hydrocarbons, by avoiding the need for dispersants which have as yet unknown environmental consequences. These vessels could have worked as supply vessels for the oil industry before and after the cleanup operation.

South America Workglop

460 120

Spillglop

12

Ice

1

Cataglop

7 6


The global market

Europe

East & North Asia

640 110

Cataglop

Workglop

Workglop

430 150

Spillglop

20

Spillglop

10

Ice

3

Ice

2

Cataglop

West Asia Mediterranean Africa Cataglop 170 Workglop 80 Spillglop 6 Ice 0

South Asia

210 70

Cataglop

Workglop

Workglop

280 60

Spillglop

8

Spillglop

7

Ice

1

Ice

0

Cataglop

Oceania

Africa 350 220

Cataglop

Workglop

Workglop

240 110

Spillglop

14

Spillglop

9

Ice

0

Ice

1

Cataglop

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Profitability Versatility

Objective n째1

Accidents, by definition, occur at random and are always associated with an exceptional set of circumstances. It is therefore impossible to predict the nature, place, time and magnitude of an accident. Pollution control equipment must be permanently available, while being put to profitable use in the periods between cleanup operations. ECOCEANE has created ranges of versatile boats, which are both fully operational workboats and exceptionally high yield cleanup and pollution control vessels that are ready to respond at any time.

Our boats represent a profitable business model during on-watch periods.

Workboats Depending on the range, each vessel is a genuine barge, workboat or supply vessel. They perform the full range of port, oil industry or ocean-going tasks (personnel and cargo transport, harbour pilotage, diving support, fire-fighting, etc.)

Cleanup and Pollution control Wherever our vessels are deployed, they are always ready to respond should cleanup or pollution control be required.

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Speed Objective n°2

Speed of deployment

Each disaster has its own unique location and set of circumstances. Areas such as oilfields, the high seas, the coastline, ports, lakes and rivers, must be protected at all times. Rapid response is therefore critical, meaning that cleanup vessels must be on site as quickly as possible.

Presence Since our vessels can be fully integrated into the maritime economy, our system is always available on various water sites.

Speed Our versatile vessels have been constructed with all the necessary equipment for collecting hydrocarbons at sea, without creating emulsion. They are always available to respond when needed, with a dedicated crew and without the need to return to their home port to collect equipment. They work like genuine “hoovers” on the surface of the sea, operating at 4 knots in winds of up to Force 6, collecting 80 to 150m3 of pollutants per hour. The recovered hydrocarbons are continuously transferred to tankers, which do not require any conversion to take the hydrocarbons. A rotating storage arrangement means that the recovery capacity is unlimited.

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Efficiency Effective pollutant collection

Objective n°3

There are many different types of hydrocarbons and floating waste, therefore collection equipment must be capable of working quickly and in difficult conditions.

A) Standard system used currently: Sweeping arms Sweeping arms are fitted on either side of the vessel to capture the oil slicks and thicken them.

Venturi effect

Movement of the oil tanker

the oil tanker

vacuum Top view

Top view: The water in front of the arms acts as a mass and diverts the flow towards the end of the arms, creating an acceleration and a Venturi effect, which diverts the hydrocarbons to the outside of the arms.

B) Disadvantages

Venturi effect

Sweeping arms

Movement of

overpressure

Side view

Hydrocarbons

Water

Cross-section: the hydrocarbons trapped between the arms undergo an overpressure/vacuum effect. A current is generated, which sucks the hydrocarbons from the surface below the sweeping arms.

These two factors limit the speed of the vessels to 1 knot, restricting their use to maximum wind speeds of Force 3. The thin layer of hydrocarbons trapped by the arms mixes with water during pumping, creating an emulsion (mayonnaise) which requires treatment in a hopper prior to storage.

C) The ECOCEANE solution The self-floating arms are connected to the boat by a rotating shaft, which enables them to ride the waves independently of the boat. •

All of the surface pollutants trapped by the arms (1) are aspirated into the boat.

Our system is capable of operating at 4 knots in winds of up to Force 6. At this speed, the ECOCEANE boat can be followed by a supply vessel or oil tanker, to which it can transfer the recovered hydrocarbons on a constant basis.

Working speed increased four-fold Operation in rough seas (Force 6)

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HOW DOES IT WORK?

A turbine pulls a stream of water through a chamber equipped with a mesh (2) that filters out all solid waste. From the chamber, the flow is separated into two parts: • Flow 1: The turbine pumps away the clean water. • Flow 2: Surface water, polluted with oil and hydrocarbons, is channelled into a separator (3) where the hydrocarbons are stored floating on the water. No emulsion forms, and the hydrocarbons are transferred immediately to a tanker.

Stress-free collection Our patented system does not create an emulsion No treatment before storage

Flow 1 3

2

1

Flow 2

3

2

1

Surface area cleaned in 1 hour: 4 knots x 1,852 m x 5 m(9) ≥ 35,000m2 to 60,000m2, equivalent to 80 to 150m3 per hour 11


Simplicity Objective n°4

Preventing the formation of emulsion

Pumping of thin hydrocarbon films, mixed with water, creates a “mayonnaise-like” emulsion. (This treatment limits collection capacity to 5m3/hour).

A ) Standard system used currently Pumping of thin hydrocarbon layers produces an emulsion (mayonnaise), which is highly viscous (350,000 centistokes). Pumps which are only capable of handling 100,000 cSt must therefore be modified and fitted with a hot water belt to make transit more fluid. This makes transfer difficult. The emulsion produced cannot be transferred directly into storage tanks because it is too viscous. It must be heated in a hopper to 35°C to separate the hydrocarbons from the water.

Use of hoppers • • •

• •

The emulsion enters the tank (1) at ambient temperature. The hopper is fitted with heating coils which must not exceed 60°C (oil flash point). Once the tank is filled with emulsion, it is heated to 35°C; at this temperature the mixture separates into water and oil (2). The resulting water still contains hydrocarbon particles and can only be released back into the polluted area. The remaining hydrocarbons are stored in the tanker. Emulsion

1

2

Hydrocarbons Water

B ) Disadvantages The collection speed is limited by the time required to heat the emulsion from ambient temperature to 35°C, while ensuring that the heat source does not exceed the oil flash point (60°C).

The emulsion treatment process therefore restricts the hydrocarbon sweeping process – regardless of the pump power – to less than 5m3 per hour.

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C) The ECOCEANE solution

• • •

Our recovery system does not create an emulsion when collecting hydrocarbons. The hydrocarbons are stored in a thick, floating layer in the separator. The maximum viscosity of the heavy fuel oil is 50,000 cSt; our vessels are fitted with pumps capable of transferring oil with viscosity of up to 100,000 cSt.

We only transfer pure hydrocarbons to supply vessels or oil tankers, with no emulsion.

Operation of our separator transferred hydrocarbons

Hydrocarbons Water Float Pump

• •

The integral skimmer floats in the water, with the pump suction placed in the hydrocarbons Once all the hydrocarbons in the chamber have been transferred, the loss of level instantly stops the pump. The pump starts again once a new layer of hydrocarbons has been recovered.

Hydrocarbons are transferred continuously, in unlimited quantities, during collection

Special case If the recovered pollution is already emulsified by the environment, it cannot be transferred. If the separator is filled with emulsion, it is isolated and heated by means of keel cooling and a generator to separate the hydrocarbons from the water.

transferred hydrocarbons

We only transfer pure hydrocarbons

Emulsion Hydrocarbons Water Float Pump

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Continuity Objective n°5

Evacuating pollutants from the site

Evacuating pollutants from the site must not hinder the cleanup operation.

A ) Standard system used currently The tankers used in spill cleanup operations normally have a storage capacity of 500 to 1,500m3. At best, in theory, with 24-hour pumping, their tanks will be filled within 1 to 2 weeks. The tankers would then have to abandon the cleanup operation to return to port, empty the tanks and return to the site.

B ) Disadvantages The cleanup boat has to leave the site for several days.

C) The ECOCEANE solution • • •

ECOCEANE vessels act as genuine suction heads, capable of 24/24 cleanup and pollution control work. The recovered hydrocarbons are continuously transferred to tankers or barges, on a rotating basis, providing unlimited recovery capacity. As no special conversion of the tankers is required, all available tankers can take part in the evacuation of pollutants from the site.

the collection vessel can work independently of the storage vessel oil tanker filling time 500m3 tanker – 4 to 7 hours 1,500m3 tanker – 12 to 21 hours

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Safety Objective n°6

Protection of people

A cleanup operation must not adversely affect the health of those carrying it out.

A ) Standard system currently used Very few vessels are fitted with a specific safety and protection system for the personnel.

B ) Disadvantages The people on board are required to conduct many exterior activities, with no guarantee that their safety will be protected

C) The ECOCEANE solution The living quarters of ocean-going vessels comprise several separate areas • Wheelhouse • Decontamination air lock with shower • Sleeping area, with bunks, shower rooms and heads • Daytime area, with galleys and messes Personnel are not required to carry out any exterior operations, other than to deploy the transfer hoses The living quarters and wheelhouse are protected and pressurised, so that the safety of those on board is guaranteed when working in polluted areas The specific features of our vessels provide maximum safety protection for the crew: • Maltese cross certified hull • Machine point • Bureau Veritas certified materials • Gas detection system • Electrical system to ATEX standards • Fire insulated cabin • Hydraulic controls from the cabin • Bureau Veritas classification: Category 1 and Oil Recovery Ship.

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Cataglop For port and coastline maintenance Cataglop® range of multi-service barges: ports, coastline, rivers and lakes Floating waste – both solid and liquid – accumulates in ports, often in areas that are difficult to access. Cataglop® vessels work like genuine surface “hoovers”. With their lateral fenders, they are able to operate between other vessels, along pontoons and docks. They are made from aluminium and are designed to be transportable with a suitable trailer. Options: • Removable arms to increase the working width • Seaweed cutter (collection of algae) • Tank (collection of black water) • Road trailer

Cataglop® 66 Versatile port cleanup vessel

Strengths • • •

“V” shaped hull bottom Integrated wheels for single-person launch Transportable over long distances in a trailer

Cataglop® 75 A versatile barge for cleaning and maintaining ports and inland waterways

Strengths • •

Easy to use Robust

Cataglop® 83 Rapid deployment to out of port areas

Strengths • •

“V” shaped hull bottom Displacement speed: 19 knots

Cataglop® 92 Versatile barge for large expanses of water

Strengths • •

Onboard diesel motor Increased hydrocarbon storage capacity with a towed flexible tank 17 16


Workglop For the oil industry Vessels in the Workglop® range are designed for out-of-port operations, combining the features of a workboat and a cleanup/pollution control vessel. Workboats • • • • • •

Transport of personnel Maritime tasks Transport of cargo Fire-fighting Black water recovery Etc.

Oil spill cleanup vessels • •

Recovery of all floating waste, both solid and liquid (hydrocarbons without creating an emulsion) Hydrocarbons transferred to tankers or reservoirs as they are swept

WORKGLOP® 106

Versatile vessel for port areas, coastlines and inland waterways

Strengths • Protective fenders for cleanup operations along jetties • Crane, capacity 2 tonne/metre • Payload: 3 tonnes • Suction even when stationary or going astern • Cleans 18,000m²/hour WORKGLOP® 117

A versatile vessel for coastline operations, large ports and the oil industry

Strengths • Protective fenders for cleanup operations along jetties • Crane, capacity 3.5 tonnes/metre • Payload: 3 tonnes • Bollard pull: 3 tonnes • Cleans 20,000 m²/hour WORKGLOP® 128 Designed for oil industry service. The essential environmental protection and safety vessel.

Strengths • • • • • •

Category 2 classification Crane, capacity 3.5 tonnes/metre Payload: 5 tonnes Equipment for areas at risk (ORS) Bollard pull: 5 tonnes Cleans 27,000 m²/hour

WORKGLOP® 160 Designed for oil industry service. The essential environmental protection and safety vessel.

Strengths

• • • • • •

Category 1 classification Crane, capacity 10 tonnes/metre Payload: 15 tonnes Equipment for areas at risk (ORS) Bollard pull: 7 tonnes Cleans 40,000 m²/hour

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Spillglop For ocean-going cleanup operations

The Spillglop® range of vessels is designed for recovering hydrocarbons on the high seas (black water). They can also act as supply vessels, ensuring profitable use during monitoring periods. •

The vessels work at 4 to 5 knots in winds of up to Force 5 or 6, cleaning a surface area of 35,000 to 60,000 m²/hour. They can sweep up to 150m3 of hydrocarbons per hour, without creating an emulsion, transferring the collected pollutants into tankers astern of them as they work. Rotating these tankers, the vessels have an unlimited recovery capacity.

In order to combat chemical spills, absorbents can be carried on board and spread on the pollution using the fire-fighting water cannon.

The interior living quarters are fully protected, making it possible to work 24/24 in polluted areas.

All boats are fitted with a “keel cooling” system, which is used both to cool the motor and to heat the hydrocarbon separator. SPILLGLOP® 180 Ocean-going hydrocarbon recovery vessel

Strengths • Recovery capacity: 100m3/hour, with no emulsion • Cranes, capacity 3 and 10 tonnes/metre • Specially designed for: large port areas oil fields large canals areas affected by endemic pollution SPILLGLOP® 250 Ocean-going pollution monitoring and cleanup vessel

Strengths •

In addition to their emulsion-free recovery capacity of 120-150m3/hour, SG 250 can act as a genuine workboat, while remaining on watch, capable of conducting profitable activity

SPILLGLOP® 460 Prestige vessel

Strengths •

 G 460 Bureau Veritas service rating: S Ice Class 1A • In addition to the features of the 250 Recovery of 150m3/hour without emulsion Long periods without the need to return to port Laboratory possibility Comfortable accommodation for 24 people

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Version ice For operations in polar regions

Available for WORKGLOP® 128 and SPILLGLOP® range for recovering hydrocarbons in polar regions, following an ice breaker.

Once an ice breaker has passed through the pack ice, the hydrocarbons rise to the surface. This high concentration of hydrocarbons increases the sweeping capacity of our vessels.

The ECOCEANE solution

Hydrocarbon recovery in the ice •

A harrow is incorporated into the bow in order to push aside large blocks of ice.

A second detachable harrow astern of the first and with a finer mesh makes it possible to remove smaller blocks of ice by side “scoops”.

The macro-waste collection basket enables the remaining “ice cubes” to be stopped and removed. During this operation, the flow is stopped temporarily to prevent ice entering the hydrocarbon separator.

All these units are heated to guarantee normal circulation of the “flows”.

A sliding door blocks off the first harrow and allows rapid travel to the work areas aided by the “V” shaped hull bottom.

SPILLGLOP 250 and 460 are both classified ICE CLASS 1A

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The seas and oceans cover 80% of the Earth’s surface

As it is essential to protect our aquatic environment.

Head Office 35 Quai d’Anjou - 75004 Paris - France Tel.: +33 1 53 10 39 10 - Fax: +33 1 53 10 39 28

ECOCEANE reserves the right to change the models of its vessels without prior notice

www.ecoceane.com contact@ecoceane.com

Shipyard ZA de Kerpalud - 22500 Paimpol - France Tel.: +33 2 96 22 07 03 - Fax: +33 2 96 20 54 43

© ECOCEANE SAS 07/2012


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