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Profiled project

Kamoa Sustainable Livelihoods Project

The fourth phase (2013) of the KSLP focuses on Agricultural Intensification, Livelihoods Creation, CBNRM and Project Monitoring in the Kamoa communities of Mwilu, Benkeni, Muvunda, Kakunta, Mpala, Katayi, Mawawa/Venance, Walemba, Mpumba, Mbwesthi, Mushiji, Ngonzo, Nord, Boaz and Musokantanda to address the challenges of food insecurity, poverty and unsustainable use of natural resources.

Eco-livelihoods – Kamoa Sustainable Livelihoods Project (DRC) 2012


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Kamoa Sustainable Livelihoods Project Ivanplats Limited has engaged in a mineral exploration programme in the Kamoa area in the Katanga Province of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) since 2004 and this initiative resulted in its DRC based subsidiary, African Minerals (Barbados) Ltd (AMBL), developing copper resources in the concession area and is preparing to commence construction and development of the Kamoa Copper Project (KCP). The KCP is situated in the headwaters region of the Congo Basin in the southern region of Katanga Province which has important forest reserves and wetland areas. The Kamoa Sustainable Livelihoods Project (KSLP) is a cornerstone of the Community Engagement and Development (CED) initiative of the Ivanplats sustainability and social engagement programme. The project is being implemented by Eco-livelihoods Ltd in close co-operation with the AMBL Community Relations and CSE departments. The KSLP is working to address food security issues and assist in the building of a sustainable, independent economy in the communities that live and work in the projects concession areas.

Location of the Kamoa Copper Project (AMC Map)

Project History AMBL is committed to sustainable development in the communities around in and around its concession. The KSLP targets those communities in the designated area which face the greatest challenge in the management of their resources and changing demographics because of economic development broadly associated with the project. These include the communities of Mwilu, Benkeni, Muvunda, Kakunta, Mpala, Katayi, Mawawa/Venance, Walemba, Mpumba, Mbwesthi, Mushiji, Ngonzo, Nord, Boaz and Musokantanda. The Kamoa community is characterised by high levels of unemployment and poverty and unsustainable forest clearance for charcoal production is destroying the fragile ecosystem that provides emergency food security to the local community. Uncontrolled fire and unsustainable trapping and hunting for the urban bush-meat market are further depleting natural resources. Destruction of forest habitats is compounded by the hot and frequent man-induced fires that prevent natural regeneration. Recognising these challenges, the KCP has embarked on an innovative, “best practice� sustainability initiative in partnership with local communities during the exploration phase that will help to build sustainable livelihoods for the community.

Eco-livelihoods – Kamoa Sustainable Livelihoods Project (DRC) 2012


3 The first phase of the KSLP (2010) focussed on setting up demonstration plots, vegetable gardens, composting unit, nurseries and trialling various land use methods. The second phase (2011) focussed on the limited provision of extension services into the Mwilu and Musokatanda communities to establish a programme of agricultural intensification through Conservation Agriculture, the establishment of market gardens using drip irrigation and treadle pump technology, an indigenous tree nursery for rehabilitation of drilling sites and the planting of woodlots, a beekeeping and honey processing trial and harvest protection and preservation. The third phase, currently underway, consists of the expansion of the Small Holder maize production programme, commencing aquaculture, poultry and egg production, sewing, crafts, carpentry and welding. Project Preparation Prior to the commencement of the project a group of traditional leaders and AMBL staff travelled to Mozambique to study successful rural development projects. The group included local Chiefs Musokatanda and Mwilu and following the return of the group, the management of AMBL approved a pilot project that began in early 2010.

Traditional Leaders and AMBL staff visit Mozambique to study community based sustainability initiatives in Sofala Province with Eco-livelihoods consultants Gladys and Charles.

Project Framework

•CHALLENGES •Food Insecurity •Poverty •Unsustainable Resource Use •Unemployment

Kamoa Sustainable Livelihoods Project •PROGRAMMES •Agricultural Intensification •Livelihoods Creation •CBNRM •Monitoring

Kamoa Community

Eco-livelihoods – Kamoa Sustainable Livelihoods Project (DRC) 2012

•Demonstration/Trials •Establish User Groups •Supply Equipment/Seed •Extension/Training •Technical Support/Market Linkages

KCP - Community Sustainability Partnership


4 Micro-businesses Village Gardens The project has an active composting programme drawing on waste products from the AMBL camp and has introduced drip-irrigation fed market-gardening techniques into the community. Farmers are trained in the production of vegetables using improved techniques that enable all year round food production in Village Vegetable Plots. The establishment of micro-businesses in the community that produce fresh food and vegetables throughout the year is an important element of any sustainability programme in the community. Currently seasonal rainfall and other limitations make it difficult for local farmers to produce the volume and quality of vegetables required. These are imported at considerable cost from outside the area, some of these come from as far afield as South Africa with a high cost and carbon footprint. The objective of this component of the programme is to:    

Create sustainable source of vegetables in the community throughout the year Improve food security and diversity of food Gender empowerment Introduction of cash crops will create employment opportunities

The KSLP has introduced irrigation technologies to the Kamoa community and has set up user groups in selected communities who have adopted the techniques and technology. The project trains and equips farmers in the selected area to adopt micro irrigation techniques to produce vegetables and other high value food produce such as winter maize. User groups have been established in the following communities and it is suggested that this be extended to the Kakunta, Mukanga,Mawawa and Benkeni communities. These will include both the introduction of low-cost drip irrigation units and peddle pumps for flood irrigation.

Village Gardens in the DRC growing food for the mining community.

Eco-livelihoods – Kamoa Sustainable Livelihoods Project (DRC) 2012


5 Apiculture The KCLP is giving assistance to bee farmers in selected communities of Musokatanda, Mpumba, Boaze, Nord and Mawawa to commercialise their harvesting of honey by improving harvesting techniques, transportation and access to markets. Women have shown a keen interest in becoming involved in the programme and have been targeted in the pilot phase of the project.

Food Security

Honey production User Group

The project is addressing food security issues in the community by an extension programme introducing Conservation Agriculture techniques, systems and cultivars. Demonstration plots have been established and lead farmers trained with the creation of CA plots in the community. This has been rolled out throughout the community with good results being achieved in improving yield, variety and resilience. In 2012 the communities planted 100 hectares of improved hybrid maize and will scale up to 200 ha in 2013/2014. High yield, disease and pest resistant cultivars are supplied to participants based on successful field trials carried out over the past three years by the Kamoa Sustainable Livelihoods Project. User Groups are supplied with 25kg’s of seed per hectare. Smallholder farmers have significantly increased yields over recent years as a result of the successful planting of these cultivars. Yields are significantly higher than traditional harvests and are transforming farming in the area which has traditionally planted very little maize and purchased it in at great expense from Zambia.

Local and improved cultivars – improving yield and resistance to disease

Eco-livelihoods – Kamoa Sustainable Livelihoods Project (DRC) 2012


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Milling maize from the Smallholder Maize Production Programme

Food preservation and storage Eco-livelihoods has worked with producer groups to employ simple but effective technology to preserve food and add value to it. It is our experience that people have a lot of food in certain seasons but do not know how to conserve/preserve it. There are two significant sources of food that could be dried, firstly there is a lot of forest food that is collected during this period like flying ants, grubs, mushrooms and various fruit and vegetables that could be dried and stored. The second source is food harvested during the harvest period or the fruiting season. In reality though the people run out of their stocks of food during certain times of the year and this poses a danger to their food security. There is a direct link between health and levels of infection in the community and these periods of want. We have deployed solar driers to dry food and ensure that it is available for effective storage by the producer and the client.

Solar driers for food preservation – training community members from the Village Gardens User Groups

Aquaculture

The community have also embarked on apiculture and aquaculture to produce honey and fish which are marketed to the influx of people attracted by the mine development. Scarcity of protein in local diets is an important component of food insecurity in the Kamoa area. This leads to unsustainable exploitation of natural resources such as bushmeat and fish. The bio-diversity baseline study undertaken by the KCP indicates that unsustainable levels of exploitation have led to the depletion of existing protein sources. Eco-livelihoods has launched an aquaculture component to the livelihoods component of the KSLP. This involves the formation of a community user group who would form the core of a micro-enterprise that is farming fish in ponds. The pilot is in the Musokatanda district at a site were aquaculture was previously practised.

Eco-livelihoods – Kamoa Sustainable Livelihoods Project (DRC) 2012


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Fish farming in ponds as a micro-enterprise in the community

Poultry The Kamoa communities rely on subsistence agriculture and the harvesting of natural products from the forests for survival. Protein deficiency is a major cause of illness and malnutrition in the community and is closely linked to the wider issue of food insecurity. Poultry rearing is an important source of protein in the community and generally consists of scavenging chickens that are vulnerable to predation, disease and other hazards mortality rates are very high. The Kamoa Sustainable Livelihoods Programme will conduct a pilot project in village based poultry rearing in Mbwesthi, Walemba, Kankunta, Musokantanda, Muvunda and Katayi villages.. Carpentry and Metal Work An important way to add value and create livelihoods is to assist in the creation of carpentry enterprises in the community. We bring in consultants and skilled artisans to train men and women who have skills or an interest in working with wood and equip carpenters with the essential tools for the production of furniture and building components. Furniture includes domestic furniture like beds, tables and chairs abut also producing for community facilities like schools, churches, clinics and community halls. Carpenters can earn livelihoods from the production of these items and this ensures that additional money is coming into the community.

Mini seed silos manufactured from recycled materials / Solar driers to be produced in the community

Equipping community based carpenters with tools, skills and creating market linkages brings much needed money into forest communities. Communities can equip schools,

Eco-livelihoods – Kamoa Sustainable Livelihoods Project (DRC) 2012


8 community halls, churches and even community offices with furniture without having to buy these from outside ensuring the reinvestment of money into the community. Carpenters can also provide components such as doors/frames, window frames, roofing trusses and other items to building projects such as houses, schools and other government buildings. The project is also establish Metal-Work User groups in the community and training them in the fabrication of various items that will have a ready market in the community and bring additional income to people who are unable to secure employment in the mine and associated activities. Forest Rehabilitation and Management The project has an active programme to collect seed from indigenous trees germinate them in a nursery. The trees are used for agroforestry and for rehabilitation of drilling sites. The KCP project has received recognition from Government of the DRC for its work in with indigenous trees and food security. reforestation activities are supported by a fire management programme.

and the the The

Indigenous tree seedlings being transported to former mine drilling sites for rehabilitation planting

Pine seedlings for wood fuel and timber woodlots

Gender Focus The KSLP has launched a programme to mobilise women in the community around sewing micro-businesses to produce goods for the development programme of the mine. Training will be provided to them by sewing experts and they will be organised by a community mobilisation consultant who had in the past worked as trainer of women in small business. The activities will contribute to the subsistence of households through activities encouraging the emancipation of women. Women in the community will be

Eco-livelihoods – Kamoa Sustainable Livelihoods Project (DRC) 2012


9 assisted to access the various economic opportunities that are available to them and will learn cutting and sewing and will have income for educating their children, feed them, clothe them, get them to care. The project will train 50 women (25 from Mwilu and 25 of Musokatanda) for a period of 4 months in cutting and clipping. Sewing Machines, starter packs of fabric, patterns and equipment will be supplied and training and support given by a Kolwezi based CBO, AFECA.

Women taking the lead at Kamoa

Project Implementation

Baseline

Project

Activity

Outcomes

•Poverty with associated health, education, gender and related issues •Food Insecurity reflected in malnutrition and the importation of significant amounts of food •Unsusutainable use of natural resources through deforesation, destruction of catchements •Unemployment in the community

•Agricultural Intensification •LIvelihoods Creation •Community Based Natural Resource Management •Outcomes Monitoring

•Extension of Techniques and Methods to the members of the community •Establishment of User Groups with a special empahsis on gender •Supply of Technology, Equipment, Seeds and Inputs •Evaluation and Community Particpation

•Land Use Management Plan •Increased Food Production •Sustainable Development of the Community •Micro-enterprises producing and trading

Eco-livelihoods – Kamoa Sustainable Livelihoods Project (DRC) 2012


10 Project Objectives The Kamoa Sustainable Livelihoods Programme is imbedded in the national policy framework of the Government of the DRC which states that “Agricultural Rehabilitation and Development entails (re)establishment of capabilities, assets (material and social) and activities necessary to develop agricultural production and infrastructure such that agriculture becomes a viable livelihood strategy for the population “. The DRC Government identifies food security as a crucial issue and states further that "Food security exists when all people, at all times, have physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food which meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life. Household food security is the application of this concept to the family level, with individuals within households as the focus of concern". Provincial Governor of Katanga Moise Katumbi has identified agricultural diversification as a key element of the provinces development strategy and is committed to reducing dependence on the import of foodstuffs.

Breaking new ground at Kamoa

Eco-livelihoods has developed programmes that serve as best-practice models for the corporate/social partnerships in the sustainable development of communities in and around the mine footprint. We work closely with national, state and local and traditional government and other agencies to implement national strategies and objectives on the behalf of our clients. The Eco-livelihoods model for sustainable development and natural resource management is an innovative and potentially transformational approach to Community Engagement and Development (CSD) that engages with neighbouring communities whom are directly affected by the activities of the client and addresses social and environmental issues in a holistic manner and can serve as a model for future development. Eco-livelihoods will continue to work with the Kamoa community to develop sustainable land use systems that suit their needs and requirements. The land-use systems that have been developed in the first two phases of the KSLP are broadly applicable in the Katanga region and each system has standard establishment, maintenance, and management requirements that can be followed like a recipe. These techniques will be extended by community extensionists who have been trained and will be equipped with bicycles to enable them to access the community. The KCP will continue to provide communities with assistance in accessing improved technology and equipment that can contribute to these objectives. Eco-livelihoods Ltd: Company registration number (UK): 742 9957 Philip Powell: Managing Consultant Contact : philip.powell@eco-livelihoods.com Mobile: +44 7713 150 080 Landline: +44 1937 579945 (UK) Skype – ecolivelihoods www.eco-livelihoods.com

Eco-livelihoods – Kamoa Sustainable Livelihoods Project (DRC) 2012


Kamoa Sustainable Livelihoods - DRC