WHAT PARENTS SHOULD KNOW ABOUT USING MUSIC TO PROMOTE LITERACY SKILLS IN YOUNG CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES
Steady Beat: Laying a Foundation for Literacy Kathy Schumacher Music Therapy Services, LLC Oshkosh, Wisconsin Phonological Awareness. Phonological awareness includes the foundational literacy skills that emerge long before a child starts to learn the name and sound of each letter. Developing phonological awareness includes the ability to detect and manipulate individual sounds of language rather than focusing on meaning. Phonological skills include blending and segmenting sounds in words, rhyming words, and dividing words into syllables. Many studies have demonstrated that phonological awareness is
strongly related to the development of reading skills (Anthony & Frances, 2005; Gillon, 2004). Additional skills that develop earlier and aid in the development of phonological awareness include directional concepts, sequencing environmental sounds, and synchronizing body movements to an external beat. Beat Synchronization. This term means a child can move his or her body in sync with an external rhythm. Recent research suggests that there is a connection between a child’s ability to tap to a beat and cognitive skills, including reading readiness (Tierney & Kraus, 2013; Woodruﬀ Carr, White-Schwoch, Tierney, Straight, & Kraus, 2014). This skill can be developed by bouncing a baby in a lap or banging on pots and pans with a wooden spoon in time with parents’ singing. Nursery Rhymes. Practice keeping a steady beat by tapping on body parts, clapping hands, or playing
The gift of reading is what we want for every child. However, when a person is given the opportunity to parent a child with special needs, life gets busier than ever thought possible. How do we squeeze in the development of literacy skills amidst everything else that needs to happen daily? What can even be done to develop literacy skills at such a young age? Don’t we have to wait until children are ready to learn the alphabet? This article gives examples of how to use music to address key components of early literary during daily activities and family routines.
imagine 7(1), 2016
In this issue, over 70 authors from 12 countries share their dedication and passion for early childhood music therapy with imagine readers....