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Outcomes. For procedural support, these desired outcomes can include reduced anxiety, reduction or elimination of medications or sedatives, and improved perception of the hospital experience. Through the careful and fluid assessment of patient needs and the correct music to use in meeting those needs, music therapists are able to positively impact patient experiences.

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References Davis, W. B. (2003). Ira Maximilian Altshuler: Psychiatrist and pioneer music therapist. Journal of Music Therapy, 40(3), 247-263. Ghetti, C. M. (2012). Music therapy as procedural support for invasive medical procedures: Toward the development of music therapy theory. Nordic Journal of Music Therapy, 21(1), 3-35. North, A. C., & Hargreaves, D. J. (1995). Subjective complexity, familiarity, and liking for popular music. Psychomusicology: A Journal for Research in Music Cognition, 14(1-2), 77-93. Tan, S-L., Spackman, M. P., & Peaslee, C. L. (2006). The effects of repeated exposure on liking and

imagine 7(1), 2016

judgements of musical unity of intact and patchwork compositions. Music Perception: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 23(5), 407-421. Walworth, D. (2010). Effect of live music therapy on anxiety, perception of procedure, repeating procedure, and time for completion for patients undergoing magnetic resonance imaging. Journal of Music Therapy, 47(4), 335-350. Walworth, D. D. (2005). Procedural support music therapy in the healthcare setting: A cost and effectiveness analysis. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 20, 276-284. Yinger, O. S., & Gooding, L. F. (2015). A systematic review of music-based interventions for procedural support. Journal of Music Therapy, 52(1), 1-77. About the Author Darcy DeLoach, Ph.D., MT-BC, is the Director of Music Therapy at the University of Louisville. She enjoys teaching and researching how music therapy is effective in various patient and client population groups. Contact: darcy.deloach@louisville.edu

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Profile for imagine

imagine 2016  

In this issue, over 70 authors from 12 countries share their dedication and passion for early childhood music therapy with imagine readers....

imagine 2016  

In this issue, over 70 authors from 12 countries share their dedication and passion for early childhood music therapy with imagine readers....