echo życia PI/R20
DISABLED PERSONS MAGAZINE
Let yourself get caught in the net
Thursday Dinners at Diabetics’
ISSN 1427-048 BARWY ZDROWIA
Water enthusiasts from “Arcus”
Go placidly amid the noise and haste, and remember what peace there may be in silence. As far as possible without surrender be on good terms with all persons. Speak your truth quietly and clearly; and listen to others, even the dull and the ignorant; they too have their story. Avoid loud and aggressive persons, they are vexations to the spirit. If you compare yourself with others, you may become vain and bitter; for always there will be greater and lesser persons than yourself. Enjoy your achievements as well as your plans. Keep interested in your own career, however humble; it is a real possession in the changing fortunes of time. Exercise caution in your business affairs; for the world is full of trickery. But let this not blind you to what virtue there is; many persons strive for high ideals; and everywhere life is full of heroism. Be yourself. Especially, do not feign affection. Neither be cynical about love; for in the face of all aridity and disenchantment it is as perennial as the grass. Take kindly the counsel of the years, gracefully surrendering the things of youth. Nurture strength of spirit to shield you in sudden misfortune. But do not distress yourself with dark imaginings. Many fears are born of fatigue and loneliness. Beyond a wholesome discipline, be gentle with yourself.
You are a child of the universe,
text written by Max Ehrmann in 1927
echo życia Editor-in-chief Danuta Maria Roszkowska Editorial office cooperates with: : Edyta Adamska Maciej Bogdański Maria Borawska Anna Danilewicz Marek Dolecki Michał Iwańczuk Andrzej Jarosz Katarzyna Kakowska Agnieszka Kierznowska-Rurarz Kamil Krynicki Justyna Małaszkiewicz Radosław Roszkowski Renata Saniewska Aneta Stupak Anastazja Szachowicz Marcin Szachowicz Ewa Szarkowska Lucyna Szepiel Urszula Tarasewicz Wojciech Wojszko Anna Worowska Dorota Wysocka The publisher: Wszechnica Diabetologiczna PSD OW w Białymstoku Editor’s adress: Warszawska 23 Street, 15-062 Białystok tel. 085 741 57 01, tel./fax 085 732 99 74 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org www.echozycia.pl
echo życia Foto: J.Jurgiel
DISABLED PERSONS MAGAZINE
The edition of this magazine has been financially supported by Governmental Disabled Persons Rehabilitation Fund We introduce reprints for didactic and educational purposes based on regulations of legislative articles , 25, 26, 29, 33, and 49 in section 2 of copyright laws and related laws act dated 4.02.1994. (DzU* of 23.02.1994, no. 24, entry 83) and generally accepted editorial usages. • Journal of Laws of the Republic of Poland
In our today world freedom is the basic condition of worthful life – what is voiced by the contemporary thinkers, philosophers. Translating it into everyday life, freedom of a disabled person is a value which is reflected in uninhibited and safe self-locomotion within own given place of accommodation however trivial it might seem. Admittedly we have already bills of law securing life of the disabled in the open environment and workplaces, in the police or other institutions, facilitated by proper driveways. Then when, regrettably, we are able to witness how ineffectively it is fulfilled and have to listen to at least thousand of reasons why there is no work, amenities… In defiance of the “vastness of impossibilities”, places of genuine integration are founded and serve both families with healthy children and disabled ones. For example, those people who suddenly became ill-bodied and are not capable to adjust on their own to the new reality whether it was leg amputation or a loss of the eye-sight. The leisure-rehabilitation resort in Lubiatów, being built by the foundation “Defying what comes”, is meant to be a place of the kind. We need all those places where people can learn joy of life, just as well we need the offices, cinemas, colleges without towering stairs. Any actions are necessary thanks to which the concerned would be able to believe in them themselves. Danuta Maria Roszkowska
TABLE OF CONTENTS
4 - 7 Water enthusiasts from “Arcus”
Page. 4 - 7
IT IS IMPORTANT
8 - 9 Let yourself get caught in the net 10
Lower reimbursements for the disabled
11 - 12 Career at question, many skills - too little experience
Page. 13 - 15
Page. 18 - 20 Page. 8 - 9
13 - 15 Damage in health and punishment 15
Americanisation of the Polish law
A mini-guide for the injured
The role of the
From damage to indemnity
18 - 20 I am not an extraterrestrial
TABLE OF CONTENTS
IT IS WORTHWHILE TO KNOW
22 - 26 Seontis 27 - 29 Thursday Dinners Page. 27 - 29
Non-viral technique of extracting cells
Obesity as harmful as smoking
Vegetarianism not for the pregnant
32 - 33 Serving grey matter Page. 35 - 37
Page. 34 SECRETS OF DIET
34 Green tea protects against gum disease 34 Blood group equally important as personal data Page. 38 - 40
35 - 37 Let us stay close to Nature 38 - 40 .…does not have to be harmful IN PRACTICE
46 - 48 Dyslexia – a developmental problem Page. 22 - 26 Page. 41 - 44 Page. 46 - 48 3
Water enthusiasts from Yacht Club „Arcus”
Centred on water sports rehabilitation of the disabled, ones like lake sailing or canoeing, is one of the ways of performing sport-recreational activity. Then this form of therapeutic pastime is not only an attractive feature as such but also an initiative that proves to add to physical and mental growth of the concerned. The specific character of actions undertaken during cruises gives opportunities so as to be able to engage into new relationships, teaches what teamwork and camaraderie is and above all imparts the sense of responsibility. For many of the patients the camps are an opening into water experience within next years to come.
o The Lake Sailing Waterfront in Rajgród, hosted by the Yacht Club “Arcus”, is where for the third time already a group of intellectually disabled youth from Białystok health centres, some of them on the wheelchairs, arrived at. There sun mirroring in the lake surface and wind fluttering over yacht canvases – this is the taste of adventure which will be remembered ever after by everyone who braved a yacht voyage even if one time only. Asia has her tip of the nose tanned, Adam shows his arms reddened. They laugh and say as if given an order to do so: We were sailors! It was cushty it did! A boy standing next to them joined the talk: I am a yacht one alike but when I sail for a while longing for horses becomes stronger than water endeavours. I enjoy horse riding… I do. Not a yacht one but a yachtsman – corrects another water enthusiast – and rejoins that he also rode a
horse once and then was taken for an excursion by britzka. True, it was nice… -We had hippotherapy included in our schedule – explains Joanna Jurgiel MA who together with Karolina Targońska MA are organisers and minders of the sailing camp.
otwithstanding it all this partaking in a sailing camp staged in other than local setting improves our patients’ condition in any behavioural spheres no matter if it happens to be just a mere break in the monotony of their lives. oth of the ladies, legitimated with pedagogical education in special needs competence, accent, how important this form of holiday rest is and how significantly it improves fitness and stability of the patients what simply reflects in their being and attitude to life. On the strength of such rehabilitation “water enthusiasts” acquire new skills of movement coordination and all this takes place beyond a kind of forcement what simply saves their resistance. It is all because the intellectual sphere needs sport as a kind of stimulation of thinking and other mental faculties. First and foremost then sport activity confirms self-esteem and self-acceptance. It models discipline, self-reliance in making one’s own choices and tenacity in striving after given aims. Then the social sphere is what benefits from learning new placesand people
In Poland sailing and canoeing are acknowledged to be qualified tourism that meets uncompromising training criteria and have been effected by the disabled for many years now. Depending on given weather conditions, water areas and practised forms of sailing the water sport is classified to be extreme tourism. Nevertheless sailing is a very desirable form of recreation even for the disabled children and youth whereas multiplicity of equipments allows for partaking in the cruises to the youngest “water enthusiasts” all alike. Sailing of the disabled, especially those ones who prove dysfunction of the musculoskeletal system, requires not only adapting of a proper boat alone. The quay embankments have to be also rebuilt to facilitate trouble-free wheelchairing from the land on the boat. A given trained team of instructors keeps watch and ward over the crew who set off for a couple of days of a cruise by for instance a cabin yacht thanks to which there is no much need to step down to the land. However it does not border from contacts with other yacht crews or their get-togethers in ports or bindugas.
- We made efforts to arrange any day given in order to enable the youth partaking in various, then equally pleasing, forms of leisure activity. Actually it was important then to be cautious about the age of the children and teenagers and their category of intellectual impairment as well as physical wheelchair dependence of some of them. Nonetheless their development situation exacts the fact that most of them has to be attended at their local health centres even though it is relaxation or education time at a given moment. And then still vacation time can not be burdened with time of learning and the time of work. 5
t can not be any surprising then that such values of rehabilitation are certainly worth of bearing the costs involved. and translates into more autonomous way of life and furthers into ability of fulfilling “new roles”. Hence there were trips to Ełk for a swimming pool, to Augustów for a ship cruise over lakes or a ride in a horse-drawn britzka… - Hippotherapy and water sports, namely sailing, canoeing and hydrobiking, was attended and performed till the dinner time
echo życia – report the organisers. - The afternoon was the time for lying on the beach, playing games, having amusement as well as hydrotherapy. After the supper we were closing the day by a bonfire or staging discos. The natural braces of the day was morning and evening self-service practice when each one of the partakers being unaided had to prepare clothes and sort back sacks for the next day – differently for a planned excursion, and then differently for spending time on the beach or a cruise by sailboat. And, no one could afford it to forget a cap for the sun shone intensely over the Rajgród Lake almost everyday – just as it happens to come to pass in summer whereas we probably managed to program the beautiful weather for as much as two weeks solid. Lucyna Szepiel
CURRENT ISSUE the All-Polish Tourist Sailing Regatta for Peace Sky-Blue Ribbon of the Rajgród Lake has been held in the Yacht Club. In 1995, for the first time, international crews took part in it. The calendar of the sailing events is predetermined to lastingly offer Regatta of Opening and Closing of the Season. Then above all “Arcus” always based its activity on training camps in the course of which youth worked their sailing qualifications in the following system: theory learning in winter, practical skills in summer on the waters of the Rajgród Lake. There were also endeavours of regional exchanges, camps of water enthusiasts from Łomża by the sea and their participation in the International School under Sails, or sailing camps for the youth from Gdynia in Rajgród. Concluding it was an exceptional occasion for over a thousand of persons to acquire the sailing licences in various specialisations.
rcus – is a Latin term for rainbow that is an international icon of cooperativeness, then when, in case of the disabled partakers of the water camps in Rajgród, it became a symbol that served a key that opened the great, at least accessible, world of adventure.
n December 1996 chronicles of Yacht Club “Arcus” evidenced organising of a theoretical regatta training for a
acht Club “Arcus” was founded in Łomża in 1984 in cooperation with Łomża Housing Association. Apart from its social and educating activity in aid of the youth, as well as teenagers from pathological circles, “Arcus” also focused on the rehabilitation of mentally and physically ill. Consequently “Arcus” has been ranked to have the status of the health centres and organisations which provide treatment and support to the disabled.Since then
team of disabled sailors. Next year in summer the Third Poland Championships of Disabled Sailors took place in Rajgród. Another record, dated September 1997, commemorated redecoration works and expanding of the 400 metres platform along with the rebuilding of the used-to-be kindergarten, all in aid of the disabled. A driveway, a lift and other needed convenient facilities were constructed.
hen it is how the first one integration centre for training Olympic disabled sailors originated. Today Yacht Club “Arcus” is an association while still has the status of a Public Service Organisation which was officially approved four years ago. The author: Lucyna Szepiel
Foto: J. Jurgiel
IT IS IMPORTANT
Let yourself get caught
in the net In case of a person looking for a job, Internet is this what a full fridge for the hungry. There is nearly all information needed to undertake the first practice or cease a situation of unemployment or then change a given position for a better one.
Bait a hook The opening might be placing one’s own application in the data base of the companies that coordinate recruitment course contracted by their clients. What has to be done? It is as much as enough to fill in a relevant form on the website of a recruitment agency (the most popular internet addresses are introduced in a given border) and wait for a phone call. At first you are bound to be verified by an agency, most likely than not by way of telephone questioning during which the data you provided will be confirmed or not. If you do not fail this stage you stand chances to further yourself on – to interviews (then in person already) in the companies that seek after employees by aid of agencies. It is convenient indeed since by means of one questionnaire only you may get within reach of more than several employers. However it is still a kind of passive conduct for you have not much bearing on the category of employers your application is to be sent to.
Cast the net You may hunt for a job on your own. What is the way then? Simply you browse the job offers on the recruitment portals then websites of chosen employers 8
echo życia all in order to deliver your application directly to a specific company you are after. Why is it that way not another? For it proves to be more active an attitude. Employers do appreciate it. In plain common way you might follow two of them – filling in a form prepared by an employer or sending conventional documents (CV + Covering letter). Should employer not state which one he particularly prefers you yourself need to weigh up the alternatives.
The form – the same for everyone alike If an employer formulated a standard application form you have to familiarize with it throughout even when you still opt for a CV and covering letter. It is thanks to which you are able to learn what an employer expects and then highlight your relevant competences in your own documents. This form is fairly advantageous for you as far as you are capable to smartly answer to (almost) all given questions in the form. Do not use the form if you are likely to leave too many fields empty.
CV and Covering letter - it is you who is responsible of the content Try to decide on the form of traditional application documents. The sections you are to include in the CV is just and only your choice. You may pass over those for which you have not any information to be introduced. In a particularized form such shortcomings are easy to be distinguished. In turn you can create your CV in the way that it would not be detectable. Altogether you may present your information in a sequence that allows you to begin it from those which are most of use for you.
Why is it worthwhile? Searching for a job via the electronic net is comfortable and facilitates the access to a multiplicity of offers at the same time. It is ideal when you have your internet station at home what simply saves much of effort on the way. Then the websites enable immediate tro-
IT IS IMPORTANT
uble-free occasion to fill in given application forms and sending them wherever they should be. Likewise it is possible to turn, in person, to the company you happen to be after without previous applying in a formal way. Furthermore Internet provides www sites relating to career as such where you are welcome to find information on employers’ requirements, relevant qualifications and specific character of the jobs. At times employers introduce comments of their employees on the subject of the very work and recruitment routines in concern. If you read all these information BEFORE you send your application you are far more likely to fit it to the given expectations an employer stands.
Then? What is the problem? Above all – it is already masses of people that look for a job via Internet. Sending a CV by means of mail box or on line saves time and energy in contrast to writing the documents on the computer, printing them, going to the post office, buying a post stamp and posting them there. For you then it is a challenge to mark out your application from the ocean of others so as it would be picked and read by a recruitment officer. Altogether you should lay on professional rendering of your documents in order to afford a format that would be easy to make it out in the company you send it to. Therefore the title of a file is equally important! It is meant to comprise your first name and surname (e.g. John Smith CV.pdf).
How to gain extra points? Do remember that reading from the screen is more difficult than doing it from paper. Then when employers are definitely more willing to print the applications that suit them, at least at the initial stage. So the plus point is to be able to afford a legible and clear copy of your CV and Covering letter. This is why sending it on line necessitates it to draw attention to the most valuable information. Your chances of success grow also when you react to the offer of an employer swiftly enough. Preferably it is this moment when the advert is placed on the given corporate site only. This kind of handling then suggests that you pay your interest on a daily basis what evidently reflects your strong motivation. Should your candidacy be well accepted a company may even concede to publicize their offer in any other different locations the fact of which would give you a meaningful advantage.
The Source: www.Integracja.org The Author: Anna Mikulska
IT IS IMPORTANT
Lower reimbursements for the disabled Neither specification nor the limit of reimbursements to medical equipment and relevant aids will come to change. NFZ is not able to add to financing of these benefits. At the end of August thirteen ordinances to so called basket law should enter into force providing lists of benefits guaranteed by public funds. One of them is to specify the list of orthopaedic articles and other aids the purchase of which (in respective limits) is reimbursed by the National Health Fund. - It is not any kind of our negligence as far as the disabled are concerned. However meeting all their demands would step the expenses of the NFZ up to more than 1,5 milliard złotych in regards of orthopaedic articles and relevant aids – states Marek Twardowski, the vice minister of Health Resort, during an interview with a journalist from Gazeta Prawna. The organisations that stand for the disabled are indignant in the face of it. - It was as recently as last June when we were presented with a project which was supposed to fulfil our postulates. Then it turned out that the Health Department backtracked on it – says Janina Bojda, the chairwoman of Małopolska Seymik of the Disabled. The new list was expected to bring changes in the frequency of replacements of the orthopaedic articles, aids and payment limits for the patients. - First of all we tried to exact the situation when patients would not cover expenses on equipment as much as they do now. Then again this is what needs to be refunded by NFZ – admits Anna Sulka, an assistant of the coordinator of the NTM Programme – Living Normal Life. In her opinion the want for new regulations sets measures to patients’ access to elemental aid and support. Then, already this year, NFZ intends to reduce reimbursing of orthopaedic articles and aids as much as in1,7 milliard złotych.
The source: Gazeta Prawna
IT IS IMPORTANT
Career at question, many skills - too little experience If you have insufficient professional experience or have gained none so far shift the order of your Curriculum Vitae arrangement – advise vocational counsellors from the Association of Friends of Integration. Precise your non-professional background and - the skills you acquired as a result of it. HOW TO PREPARE A CV THAT DIRECTS ATTENTION TO SKILLS BUT NOT TO PROFESSIONAL CAREER?
Create your Curriculum Vitae in line with a traditional template introducing personal data (you may attach your photo); education records; professional experience – as far as you had worked somewhere before – presenting the company name and the position held there; additional work – e.g. volunteer activity; courses and trainings including your command of foreign languages and computer competence; interests and hobbies; and the formula of your consent to the processing of personal data with your hand-written signature. Examine closely the skills you acquired in the course of studying, working or devoting yourself to charity and welfare activity. Highlight any tasks and duties you factually attended what would prove that you are competent enough for a given job. Write them down on a separate sheet of paper and divide into professional aptitudes, for instance that you learned how to organise time and exacted your self-reliance on account of studying far away from home, that your assisting in document archiving in a municipality office effected in your scrupulosity and focusing on details as well as was an occasion to familiarise with some specialist archive computer programmes; that by looking after children in a district
centre group you learned how to react fast and comport yourself in relationships with others, that thanks to working in a newsagent’s or spreading leaflets you became more communicative and straightforward, or for another instance assisting staging events gave you knowledge what team-work is. Reread carefully the list of your skills. You may show it to family and friends – let them suggest you what you might have forgotten. Once you gathered all the information about your plus points introduce them in your CV – just below your personal data. Preferably in the form indicated in the section 2.
IT IS IMPORTANT WHERE TO SEARCH AFTER JOBS? A number of job offers can be found at: praca.onet.pl praca.interia.pl praca.gazeta.pl
MORE OF USEFUL WEBSITES: www.pracuj.pl – work for young specialists who prove higher education www.jobpilot.pl – job offers from Poland and Europe www.hrk.pl – job offers relating to senior and expert positions www.ngo.pl – work in non-governmental organisations www.usc.gov.pl – job offers in the Polish civil service
Should you not be able to assess your professional competences you may turn to vocational counsellors from “Integration”, the coordinators of such projects as: “Fit to work – a Masovian programme of occupational integration in aid of the disabled”, co-financed by EFS and realized under the arm of PFRON; and “Disabled able at work – restoring their vocational life”, co-financed by PHARE, realised under the arm of the Polish Agency of Enterprise Development. The Source: www.Integracja.org Compiled by. Magdalena Gajda
DAMAGE IN HEALTH AND PUNISHMENT A flaring speech of a lawyer meets the recognition of the jury and the court rules a damages amounting to hundreds of millions dollars. The trial cases of the kind are shown in the American movies. In Poland an incidence of scalding with coffee in a restaurant can not be expected to be compensated even in hundreds of thousands złotych. However there are some perspectives for the aggrieved persons in our country. It is as many as 0,5 million of passengers daily who use the subway in Warsaw. How many of them is sightless? It is difficult to answer. Nonetheless it is common knowledge that the pride of our capital city, the modern underground railway, is not really adapted to the social needs. We realised it painfully on the 17th of September 2008
A tragedy in the tube
On that day Filip Zagończyk, a student of journalism from the Warsaw University, a reporter of the Polish Radio Euro, walked down to the Central Station so as to go with his she friend to shopping arcades. Both of them are blind persons. Filip did not receive a warning signal that he reached the end of a platform. The moment he detected it with his guiding stick it was already too late. He fell down under the running train. He remembers how he tried to protect his head. He managed. The head but not his legs. One was amputated. The other seems to be recovering today after 3 months of treatments in a hospital in Zurich. Filip is absolutely convinced that the reason behind his suffering is the want for tube wards meant to safeguard the sightless for example by stopping thresholds. – I am going to claim the damages, I just do not know what an amount it is supposed to be, it depends on the consequences and how my life is bound to change – he declares. – I have suffered a great deal and I sense that the more I will have to go through the hospitals the more I will claim. The management of the tube do not distance themselves from his financial claims. – Once Mister Zagończyk affirms his claims we are ready to discuss it – reasons Krzysztof Malawko, the spokesperson of the Warsaw Tube. Though he points that it is not time yet to stand an official position on it. – The opinion of the public prosecutor’s office or a judgement, it is difficult to say what a form it would take, will explicitly indicate the very reason of this accident – he adds. – Anyway anybody may say that if one did not go out or as an alternative was assisted by three caregivers
the accident would not take place – comments Filip feeling offended. – I wish my trial was an example that would serve the better approach to the disabled and would prove that we are equally rightful civilians. Is the indemnification likely to be accorded in this case? Although it seems that Filip Zagończyk should not expect a trial that would meet the standards followed in America also in here something has been changing. An illustration of it are suits against medical faults. In line with the estimations of the Patients’ Association “Primum non Nocere”, optimistic ones to say, the yearly number of the injured by flawed medical conduct persons is as near as 20 thousands. Some of the patients lose their lives, some of them turn disabled, whereas it is every one out of ten who reports the incidence to the public prosecutor’s office or files a complaint in the General Medical Council. Then it was not fairly long ago when the judicature verdicts in the respect were rare to assign compensations. Nonetheless today damages are awarded in high sums (regarding the Polish standards), for instance 400 thousand złotych for amputating a wrong extremity, or 676 thousand złotych plus 2 thousand of lifetime pension for a delayed decision that related to caesarean operation and resulted in cerebral palsy or epilepsy in new born babies.
Even though the public opinion is on the Filip’s side there is still many of comments that claiming damages is sponging money; that he should have taken more care as his being sightless requires more appropriate using of his stick or assistance of others; that he should avoid any dangerous places in any event. 13
echo życia imagine a person who would be able to ascertain a sum in a given case since no one knows how much money one would require to live through years to come. On the other hand the amount should provide decent living standards. This kind of landmark trials shows that the approach of the courts towards the disabled has started to change in positive a meaning. – There is not an amount of money which would recover his life – says Jolanta Soszka. – Hence I would like it better to have not a cent but to live to see him walking out of the hospital under his own steam just as he walked there in. All the same he needs a respectable life. This is what we were fighting for.
The ground-breaking character of the case is also reflected in the modifications effected in the hospital and practising Piotr’s incidence at the medical universities. Next to it the adjudicated amount served for a lift, a specially adapted car, and the surgical operation of his spiAs much as 700 thousand złotych of a claim satisfaction, over 15 ne. Although money means better life it still proves what thousand of the damages and 1900 złotych of a lifelong pension reads in the proverb that it does not bring happiness.
A MISTAKE MADE BY A PERSONEL
was managed to be won for Piotr Soszka. In March 2002 the then 4 years old boy underwent an operation in the Upper-Silesia Health Centre of Mother and Child in Katowice for the reason of his connatal incompetence of the urine system. The affliction took place straight after the intervention. The drip was mistakenly applied to the catheter which was meant to exact the extradural anesthetisation. It was how they pumped in a half of a litre of liquid into his spine bones. The boy turned paralysed from his chest down. At first the hospital authorities tried to explain it that the situation ran the post-operational risk and the catheter might have shifted itself. Nevertheless the binding precedent is clear in its pronouncement – the personnel answers to the responsibility. The Piotr’s mother knew it from the very the beginning. I could not accept how it happened – says Jolanta Soszka. – Someone else’s inanity confined my son to be wheel-chaired and actually sentenced him to be dependent on any others in one hundred percent. The factual medical error has changed the life of the whole family. Then the savings ran out right in four months. Then the Soszka family contacted a legal advisor in the field, Jolanta Budzowska. It was then when the highest compensation amounted to 200 thousand złotych was never expected to be achievable in case of a medical misleading. - In my opinion it is a kind of breakthrough – says the patron Budzowska. - It will bring some awareness that the child is an individual who is to challenge the great of greatest losses – health. Then again he has his entire life in front of him still. The amount of the damages is always incommensurable. I can not 14
Jolanta Kramarz is another example of a person who had to fight for her rights. She was not able to tolerate it any longer to stand humiliation of nasty comments when she was about to step in a shop or a restaurant with her guiding dog at her side. She was told that it was unhygienic, that it could not be possible to foreseen what way the dog might have behaved, that the animal would be accepted only when it wore a muzzle. All this when Red can not have his muzzle on to be able to serve a disabled person. This when the Red, as any guiding dog, is well-trained, neat, and continually attended by a vet. Being a Labrador he is gentle as well as he knows that he mustn’t touch food from anywhere that comes. Jolanta has grown accustomed to this that Red is her eyes and now she could not manage without his help. At first she tried to handle the situation compromissarily. She was sending formal letters to the officials invoking the relevant regulations. Practically in vain. Too much, much enough. Eventually, on the 27th of November 2007, she took her way to a Warsaw hypermarket Carrefour
echo życia Wileńska. There she was instructed by a guard, kindly but firmly, that she was not allowed to enter together with her guiding dog. The instance was recorded on a dictaphone as well as was witnessed by her friend and was used as a factual evidence. Jolanta, supported by the Helsinki Committee for Human Rights and Gessel chambers, filed a legal action against the Carrefour chain shops. She claimed 25 thousand of redress. – Such a lawsuit is a precedence, the message spreads via air that we also have our rights – says Jolanta Kramarz being satisfied with the compromissary settlement. – Again it was our rights we were after other than after laying low the other party or making them worn out. Likewise it is a certain message for the other institutions which would make them aware that we do not fight for dear life. Notwithstanding the lawsuit. Regrettably the very court case must take place to be able to bring about any changes. This in turn points the sad fact that threat is still more effective than request.
ABOUT US After 14 months the trial was discontinued because the parties settled a compromise. Even though the regulations related to letting guiding dogs in to the shops were not clear, Carrefour agreed to transfer 10 thousand złotych into the bank account of “Vis Maior” foundation that supports the blind and partly-sightless, the chairwoman of which is Joanna Kramarz. Also equally important is the fact that the distributive network Carrefour opened their access for guiding dogs within their premises. This one case, as no one other before, publicised by media, must have undoubtedly prompted the law established in respect of guiding dogs. The Source: Integracja Photo: deviant ART
AMERICANISATION OF THE POLISH LAW Prof.dr.hab. Roman Tokarczyk from the University of Maria Curie Skłodowska in Lublin, an expert in the American law: - W - There is an assumption in the American law that ife is a priceless value the rule of which is acted upon literally. This is the reason why a subjective estimation of damage in health is taken into consideration. Then the realistic limitation of claimed amounts depends mainly on the party that bears the responsibility, or speaking more precisely, on the expected financial means the party happens to stand for. The other aspect in question is the American system of exceptional cases what reflects the idea that each one is different and unique. Then this recognised exceptionality of instances simply allows for individual approach in every single case of damage in health or all the more loss of live. (…) Also in Poland there are attempts of approaching precedence cases at the level of the American model. In spite of the dissimilarities in national bylaws the Polish administration of justice tries to adapt American resolutions. I reckon that sooner or later there will be more and more decisions that would follow the American approach. Especially in cases when objective estimation of damage in health is challenging as it is by rule of life then. The Source: www.niepelnosprawni.pl
A mini-guide for the injured An aggrieved person may turn to the civil court and claim a legal redress, namely a form of righting a personal injury (so called damage) that rests on paying a certain amount of money to the injured. An injury can be regarded as physical or mental suffering due to an erroneous medical treatment, mental suffering down to violation of one’s repute, etc.; - damages – an award of money to be paid to a person as a compensation for loss or injury. Property damage involves two elements: damage and so called lost profits. Damage is detraction of a victim’s wealth (for instance expenses that were required for medical management by reason of previous medicinal mistakes). In turn lost profits are these incomes which the victim would have gained if the damage had not have taken place (for example a taxi driver can claim his would-be incomes to be returned if it hadn’t been for the treatments of medical mistakes). An aggrieved person may claim both damages and lost profits as well as a pension – a kind of indemnification for causing partial or complete victim’s inability to paid work, his or her increased personal needs or lessened future perspectives. This fund might be awarded lifelong.
The Source: www.niepelnosprawni.pl Consulted with : the lawyer Piotr Pawłowski
THE ROLE OF THE ANTI-DISCRIMINATION LAW The lawyer Piotr Pawłowski, Domański’s, Zakrzewski’s and Palinka’s Set of Chambers: - The courts in Poland are very continent in many a ground. As far as trial-cases against medical mistakes are adjudged to award damages and redress in amounts as near as one million złotych, lawsuits against discrimination are not likely to “be earned on”. Even if merely for the fact that it is difficult to prove a given detriment. Then the law of equal opportunities for the disabled might come in
aid in the respect. It broadly regulates issues related to obeying the principles of equal treatment: public education, access to sport activities, recreation, entertainment, institutions of culture, etc. Infringement of this tenet, just as an instance of unfounded inferior approach to a disabled person, may effect in responsibility of retrieving it (for example in addressing relevant apologies or even in given money payments). Thus the range of spheres the vindication of which is fairly possible today has been legally ascertained. The Source: www.niepelnosprawni.pl
From damage to indemnity
(The way from to in brief)
Amicable agreement. It is worthwhile to start with sending letters in aim of request after retrieving detriment or damage, with a fixed amount of money to be paid (in case of detriment), or apology (in case of damage). Then it is fairly possible to settle an agreement which is a negotiated amount of money that meets the ends of both parties involved. The agreement can be Also the district court is where legal actions are turned resolved at any stage of litigation. to in respect of claimed money amounts higher than 75 Court. As a rule filing a suit should be directed to the thousands złotych. The time for instituting an action is district court of the defendant; to the department of more or less 3 years from the reporting the damage and employment if a case relates to discrimination at work, ascertaining the person responsible but no more than ten to the department of civil affairs when a case concerns years from the date of the accident in concern. The lata medical mistake or infringement of personal rights. ter span of time is not relevant to cases against medical However there is a possibility to claim an indem- mistakes. Then it is required to submit the opening 5% of nity in the court of a plaintiff (the aggrieved), for the claimed amount whereas the poor persons may exinstance in a case of medical erroneous treatment. pect exemption. The party who loses the trial covers the administration costs of a litigation. Then again vexatious litigants invariably lose.
Appeal. In order to exact an appeal one has to apply to the court which had sentenced the party and request for the substantiation and delivering it together with the verdict given. The court does not deliver it ex officio. Counting from the date of delivery the party has 14 days to bring an appeal what needs to be filed in the appellate court (if the court of first resort was a district one). Then the costs are comparable to the costs ordered in the court of first resort. The verdict of an appeal is effectual.
Cassation. A claim for cassation to the Highest Court can not be filed in every given case of verdict of an appeal. Such a claim for example can be filed when the subject matter of litigation is estimated to amount to at least 50 thousand złotych (or at least 10 thousand złotych in cases related to labour law)..
Strasbourg. The European Court of Human Rights can attend a case only when all stages of assertion have been challenged in a given country including cassation if applicable. The form of complaint is discretional – can be written in Polish. Then again it has to embody infringed rights presented in the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms that Poland ratified. Also the court in Strasbourg investigates cases against the state The Source : www.niepelnosprawni.pl The Legal Advice: the lawyer Piotr Pawłowski
I am not an extraterrestrial
Born handicapped. A born optimist. He never found it difficult to accept his disability. Arkadiusz Skrzypiński, as it is all about him, became famous thanks to sport. The number one professional in riding bikes propelled by hand muscles (so called handbikes), the winner of two prestigious marathons in Boston and New York. - In a little while you will take part in some further international competitions. An interesting perspective.. - Pretty much so. From next year on I will represent the best handbike team in the world, the German Sopur. One of its team members is Edward Maalouf, a Lebanese who lives in Holland. For me he is still a Polish as he even knows our national hymn. Regarding the nearer future I plan my participation in a marathon and some other competitions. I believe that I am able to win. - An optimist? - It is simply who I am. I have never had any leaning towards complaining. Instead my nature is to move ahead whatever befalls me. I never relied on dreaming but on goals. Then when failing achieving one given does not actually hurt. It can be effected some time later. I am patient. Given that I survive in Beirut I will maintain hold of it this way or another. Everything 18
needs its turns and its proper order.Is it factually true that you do not have any dreams? - Yes I do not, dreams may come sour. What is the point then to nourish them? - Then a realist? - We should make it straight. Unquestionably I meet a genuine luck in my life. I probably defy all this what a disabled person in Poland may stand for. I had never found any given problems on the way on. Somehow I do manage in life, then greatly with relationships with people altogether. I am fairly good at the sport I am devoted to. If I imagined a dream that would not come true – what a worth it could be for me? - In your teenage years you played football with your peers, you were their pal there, notwithstanding the fact you are born handicapped. Was it this normal childhood that added to the adult life? - I guess so. My parents never tried to keep me in home as well as did not attempt to isolate me in a special health centre. Certainly I am not against the institutions of the kind whereas I think that the kids, the disabled ones, should be “told fast” to leave home and head to people around. I spent all my early days in Szczecin, then it was sport what enabled me travelling abroad. Contact with other people is unmistakably important, it is indeed.. - Have you ever been a rolling stone in youth?- - I would take it as an overstatement. I was quite open to have some fun of a kind. Right, I did play football with my peers but always as a goalkeeper for on crutches. The ball was never a challenge in the respect. Again I was not able to run as well as they did. Then something changed – then when I went into cooperation with the public Polish Radio. Thanks to them I started to attend a club for the disabled. For me something like this did not exist up to then. As well as for my friends who I raised with. I was not, as I am still not, any extraterrestrial, I lived, as I still live normal life taking no account of it. I worried about one thing only – how I would get
echo życia along with women … Today we can see that I have almost certainly managed for I have a four-years old son Jędrzej. I am pleased. - You got to join the sport club “Start”. What attracted you to stay there? - Shooting! It was the first one sport I engaged into there. I had to familiarise with all the sections to be able to introduce the club to the radio audience. Step by step I was getting to know the people. I was selected to take part in a competition, then another one. Nevertheless it turned out that I am not cut out for it. To be sitting in a dark shooting room, in dead silence. I need to have a chat, to have some fun. This sport is reasonably cool but not for me. And when I saw the bikes for the first time I knew it was this! - The world became full open in front of you? - Within ten years I covered all Poland far and wide. I have been everywhere in the country. Since 2005, owing to the company Vobis that sponsors me and comes in aid great a lot, I have a professional race handbike. I set off to meet the world. I am well-known in Szczecin, I have been granted a fellowship from the city. My sport in this place is already commonly acknowledged. Just as it is in Europe. Those who rode sport carts replaced them with handbikes. Healthy people alike can take part in the competitions but not in world championships or Paralympics. Other disciplines are not restricted in the way that someone has to have something broken or distorted to enter competitions. Then we spin the wheels by hands. Everyone can do this. It is a marvellous kind of integration.. - This what it started from was sitting-position bikes and today it is lying-position ones. - Sitting-position was ideal to challenge the finishing line. Then the world moves on. Some time ago it was enough to reach the line next to others in the leading so as to have an occasion to contend for the podium. Now for instance lying-position performers are far faster. However it involves immense sense of caution – being not higher than three centimetres above the ground it is impossible to catch sight of road holes and moulds, just trees and the sky. Then talking about the position on these machines – it is what uses muscles of the back to exact a race. In basic terms lying position allows competitors to develop high speed and pace on the strength of the aerodynamic plus points. I am the last one European who lied down himself in this sport. Nonetheless the results came in return. In Boston I won riding the old bike. Afterwards, the following summer, I faced up to the new bike model. The change was nothing taxing as straight after four mon-
ths I set a record of Poland - in the course of a marathon in Berlin I handled 1:10.08. This aerodynamics secured my winning in New York. The most of the distance ran via Brooklyn, Manhattan, Bronx, northwards there, so the wind was heavy and much cold, then any other position would send a competitor disqualified. I was the leader from the start to the end and my victory was without a shred of doubt. - Is there a risk of contusions? - Not so. Even if I did happen to witness one whose chest was accidentally punctured by racks… - How much time do you spend to be training? - Today it is already earned practice. It is going to be my thirteenth, fourteenth season, during which I have to dutifully train. My riding is based on fortitude so it is what I need to take proper care of. - The Paralympics is not the subject you are much willing to talk about… - Indeed. Beijing was the occasion talking of which wastes my energy… The Polish team was entitled to represent two biking standings. Two tandems took part in the start. Not me among them – a pity it is to say. Poland did not even apply for a wild card for me. Then when I was almost firm to be granted it for I know full well who took their part there – the ones before whom I come first. That is though but the life goes further. I am not about to brood on. There are some other next competitions ahead. The only important responsibility is training. Together with my new team I aim not only to beat the record of Poland but also to exceed it then. I intend to get hold of this magical threshold of one hour. I trust that the bike model and the team is what I need to win. - How many are there competitors in Poland who exact this discipline of sport? 19
ABOUT US - Not many. Some about 20-30 persons. Regrettably the equipment is really expensive. The clubs are in want of money and then the sport is truly hard. No one club is disposed to buy a bike of the kind for someone who is likely to give up soon after. I did know such “overachievers” who went away for one competition, then the other, then no one heard of them any more. There are not many of competitors in our team but we perform sport of high level. Apart from me, there are three or four in the world who are unquestionably challenging. In Poland I was the first one who braved the lying position. Zbyszek Wandachowicz, the number two in here, my friend, will be the next one to perform the position as soon as he receives the same bike model. We intend to improve it. - How much does such a handbike cost? - The model I race on today costs some about 4,5 thousand Euro. There are state contributions but still it is pretty money to burn. One can buy a car for this amount. There are really few new performers who undertake the discipline. Now it is mainly those who had raced on sport bikes. People of strong characters.
sability or ability. I remember when I was to be employed. I was free to opt for the post I favoured, the dean asked me which one, I answered that the one which is more difficult. I decide the same in sport. I would have started in a Paralympics in an easier discipline but alike I chose the more demanding one. The idea I invariably follow is going for proper defeat rendered by the better than winning with the weaker. As long as I am convinced that I had done all my best everything is all right.
- And you? Are you a man’s man? Have you got the character? - Man’s man… I would rather say that character is what everyone needs. Me myself I used to be an uncanny idler.- You are more famous abroad than in Poland, are you not? - It happens to be so. In respect of the sport for the disabled. Two years ago I could join and represent any club in the world but my aim was to win all the races individually first. Now it is impossible. The system rules something different. - Does the fact that you are a disabled person spur you on to train harder to show the able that anyone can do this? - Absolutely not. I never judge life in terms of di20
Interviewed by: Daniel Bednarek
Ten commandments physical exercising in bed learned from Tibet doctors
Lying in bed, straight after awaking, perform the intense massage introduced as follows: nestle your ears with your hands so as thumbs were right close just behind the ears. Tight your indicating fingers and move them 30 times up and down the auricles. Concentrate and keep your eyes shut all the way on. The physiological effect: prevents against forming of the face wrinkles, adds to the strength of the facial nerve, improves blood circulation in the temples and makes teeth stronger.
effect: relieves stasis of blood and bile, stimulates lymph, lightens obesity, alleviates liver and alimentary system.
Lying on the back bend your legs in turns and pull them energetically close to the chest trying at the same time kicking your own bottoms with heels to unbend them abruptly and rest them. Perform the action with each one leg 30 times. The physiological effect: relaxes inner glands and organs, strengthens stomach muscles.
PLEASE MIND IT: Tibet people attached great importance to the exercise 6 and 7..
Place your right palm on the forehead, then your left palm on the right one, and move your right hand on the right while the left 20 times so as the little finger could move above the eyebrow. The physiological effect: stimulates the head blood circulation what relieves head rush and pains there..
Massage each one eyeball with bent thumbs 15 times. The physiological effect: prevents against any eye diseases and calms down the nervous system
Sitting on the bed rest your legs on the floor. Place your left leg on the right knee and use your right hand to massage the concave part of the foot 20 times. Then do the same on your right foot. The physiological effect: regulates heart functioning, relieves joint diseases (gout, rheumatism).
Massage your thyroid with both hands one by one 20 times. The physiological effect: improves metabolism and functioning of the inner organs.. Massage your stomach, place your right hand on the stomach, the left hand on the right one and massage your stomach round clockwise 20 times so as it moved up and down. The physiological effect: improves stomach blood circulation, then food absorption and intestine functioning.
Being sitting form an arch with both hands, place them on the neck and lean back your head 10 times. The physiological effect: stimulates the large head blood vessels, circulation of the cerebrospinal fluids and adds strength to the chest and neck.
Being sitting place your both hands close to the ears and use your finger tips to tap strongly the neck several times. The physiological effect: reduces buzzing in the ears, prevents against deafness, relieves headaches and stimulates the back part of the cortical cortex.
Lying on your back draw your stomach in as close to the spine as it is possible and then push it out 20 times. This exercise should be performed 2-3 times a week. The physiological
GENERALISED COMMENTS: The introduced types of physical exercises from 1 to 10 shift blood stasis, stimulate physiological functions and performance of the glands.
IT IS WORTHWHILE TO KNOW
“In my opinion, the biggest mistake I made (taking no notice of the natural selection theme) was my insufficient effort to pay more attention to the impact the environment receives on the strength of people’s eating patterns and ways of clothing […] When I wrote the piece “On dying species”, or even years later, I regarded that the correlations between the influence on the environment and its consequences are simply scant. All this in spite of scientific confirmations against it” (1888) Karol Darwin: “My life and correspondence” Nearly 70% of immunological activity is spent on the functioning of the intestines. Anything what we do on a daily basis (actually in what order we do it) has a great influence on the intestines and the whole alimentary system - the mainstay of our immunology. Simply any needless deposits of food may result in certain disorders. Lined with mucus alimentary tract is the largest area via which body directly interrelates with the natural environment. Alimentary tract is the gate where through nutrients penetrate the inner organs leaving behind the there microorganisms. There is a specific structure of information exchange between microorganisms and the entire body organism. Then likewise the cells of the higher symbiotic system has effect on these biological microorganisms.
testines alike. The famous doctor and scholar of the 16th century, Paracelsus, said that “Death hides in intestines”. Today we know that 60-80% of diseases are caused by intestinal disorders. Then in the present article we are going to introduce the influence of microorganisms and in-
he natural sciences explain us the mechanism by way of which the intestinal structures are able to regenerate. It was proved on the base of the examined ecological farm manures. These natural agents not only fertilise the soil but also fuel the bioactivity of microorganisms. Then in the other way round feeding soil with some given strains of microorganisms makes farming more rewarding. Stress produces negative pressure within the immune system for anxiety reactions consume much of biological energy. This in turn has its negative bearing on the microorganisms in the intestines. The first ones colonies of microorganisms crop up already at the very moment of birth. Apart from their basic function, which is exacting stable pH reaction, they secure accurate development of the baby nervous system. All the same there is such a possibility so as to bear influence on both of the areas of interest, soil and in-
How does given lifestyle and natural environment affect immune system? testine performance that have effect on the higher developed organisms. The today “fast” life and reflecting it eating patterns immensely affect functioning of intestines. Particularly in case of males. According to the ONZ Department of Health being on vegetarian diet Hindu villagers void their faeces 3 times a day what takes them not more than 2 minutes each occasion. Then city-dwellers from industrialised countries spend 15 minutes each time when they void. Then functioning of our organisms also depends on food deposits in the intestines. The greater amount of organic matter accumulated in the intestines (at temperature of 37°C and high humidity) the more probable it is that the substances will start to rotten. In turn decaying is what provides exceptional conditions for unwanted microorganisms which multiply at such a rate that can dominate the human-friendly intestinal microflora. These harmful microorganisms negatively affect the whole body system by means of their metabolite toxins. In this view infected organisms in turn affect the natural environment what causes problems with purifying industrial wastes.
echo życia Rotting is a natural process in the course of which bio mass becomes isolated down to insufficiency of food needed to sustain functioning of a given organism. Subsequently these vast masses of rotting plants and animals are utilised by us as fossil fuels, coal and base oil. Roots in the soil pass round the areas where mould developed. People and animals also keep away from mould for it is life-threatening. Nonetheless these harmful substances are still present in the life cycle. Set by the Persian Gulf watering places attracting crowds since they are found ideal for diving prove that even these highly toxic oil derivates which flooded the reservoir during the war became metabolised by microorganisms and the freed out of it energy was used by plants and animals.
Alimentary treact as the mainstay of the immune system Alimentary tract is the area that is in the straightest contact with the environment. Professor Monika Kruger, a doctor of veterinary medicine and the director of an university institute in Leipzig in Germany, vividly described alimentary tract as a part of the external world that permeates into our inner organism. Today specialists are able to precisely inspect alimentary tract without using invasive modalities. In males this covered with mucus membrane area amounts to 400m². However other criteria of measurement may point as much as 4000m². To picture it in a different way the area of lungs is equal to 70-90m² whereas the area
IT IS WORTHWHILE TO KNOW of the whole epidermis is merely 2m². The area of intestines then is decisive in terms of what permeates into our organism. he inner system of control exacted by microorganisms functions just as panels of experts do meaning analysing each one product that reaches the tract. The products are found on the surface of the mucus membrane, around it and under it forming three-layer biological filter. All substances have to go through all these three layers. Biologists discovered that there is a system of rapid information exchange between the cells of our organism and microorganisms present in the intestines. Body cells emit radiation of analogical to laser spectre radiation by the way of which informs microorganisms what is needed and what is not. For our common sense it is inconceivable that these microorganisms are able to receive optical transfer of information and further more are capable to intelligently decipher it. kapusty i pomidory. he type of microorganisms that happen to live in intestines depends on several dynamics. The first groups of the miniature “colonists” reach our alimentary tract immediately during baby delivery at the moment when the baby displaces in the genital canal. Then the place where a baby is born is also what con-
Microbiologists, especially those who are experts on highly developed cultures of microorganisms, affirm that individual cells typify certain intelligence oriented to providing optimal condition so as a given cell could survive. They attack microorganisms that engender infections, escape before toxins and even form temporary pacts with other cells 23
IT IS WORTHWHILE TO KNOW tributes to the content of bacterial flora as well as our own actions and reactions (eating patterns, inhaled air, stress).
The microorganisms of the alimentary tract n the mid-Nineties doctor Silke Ruppel scientifically proved that the present in soil microorganisms penetrate the lower parts of the root system and reach the inside of plants. She located them both in plant juice and cells. Microorganisms play a great role in absorption of nutrients by plants from the soil. Her findings are perfectly in line with the findings of Justus von Liebig who is considered to be the father of the modern fertilising. Regrettably the modern approach accepts only the initial theoretical works of Liebig what is
It seems that information signals sent by our body system have the capacity to “persuade” the intestinal microorganisms to serve our cells. In turn there are certain actions body system performs to protect useful microorganisms. In the inner cosmos of our bodies microorganisms live at the stable temperature of 37°C, in stable conditions of humidity, supplied with stable food provisions all of which adds to their joyful existence. The moment the cosmos dies microorganisms die altogether. Therefore microorganisms coming in aid to higher symbiotic organism act in their own interest. Protecting our organism is their sense life. Symbiotic relationships simply serve both sides.
echo życia merely 1/3 of his scientific output. Nonetheless the disdained part of the works relate to organic changes of substances that take place in soil and for instance point that mixing fertilisers with some respective minerals hastens growth of plant tissues. Reportedly the last words Liebig uttered on his deathbed were: “Do not forget about humus!” Scientist attempt to analyse the differences in quality between the produce farmed ecologically and conventionally. The results obtained proved that there are substantial ones. Plants grown ecologically characterise with higher dry matter.
IT IS WORTHWHILE TO KNOW ponents (humus, chaff, husks and catch crop). One of the elemental principles in natural agriculture airs that it is microorganisms that should be aided not the very plants. The doctor of medicine Rush, the inventor of the ecological plant protection agent called Symbioflor, proved this thesis in an indirect method. In her view organic substances are some kind of feed for soil microorganisms. A 1 m² long and 20 cm deep layer of soil can contain up to 10 kg of microorganisms as well as over 200 earthworms. Earthworms and other bigger soil organisms mince individual components of soil mixing them at the same time with microorganisms from their alimentary tracts. Earthworms, microorganisms, minerals and other organic constituents jointly afford the most fertile soil possible.
Experienced farmers know it full well that strong and healthy plants grow in humus soil that is rich in organic substance. Such soils contain a great deal of nutrients and altogether have the capacity of storing water. However these substances become achievable only at the respective temperatures. It is what rests on the specific metabolism of the microbes. In the sixties and seventies, related to cultivation soil scientific theories did not acknowledge any given proportions of organic components. More than this humus content was regarded to be so called visitation of God for it caused prompt growth of wild plants what necessitated extensive using of weed killers. Then the world arrived at the conclusion that a precisely planned plant cultivation can be exacted on the strength of mineral biostimulants. The only problem then is that organic components can be useful only at the respective temperatures given as it was mentioned. Then again mineral soluble fertilisers are recurrently accessible and speed up growth of plants even when temperature is not high enough.
he studies also revealed that there are some problems in fertilising with mineral components: plants receiving them necessitate more extra water and subsequently get rid of the superfluity filtering it via stems. If this water meets salt from artificial fertilisers then, due to evaporation, this salt will undergo crystallisation what in turn may damage tissues. In order to prevent against such a salinity and damage plants store extra water and protect cells in this way. Consequently cells are “pumped up” with water and their membranes become very thin. Though in this way farmers manage their produce to gain in mass, and heavy but juicy lettuces, cabbages and tomatoes can be found on the shelves.
owever there are cultivation systems that are more profitable than traditional ones based on mineral fertilisers. These are “Waldgarten” and “Mulchgarten”. Experiments prove that applying agents which provide with diversified cultures of microbes EM (formulated by prof. Higa) render soil to be alimentary system for plants. Farmers are convinced that this alimentary system is bound to secure plants against rotting. Plants are just living beings and have not alimentary systems the idea of which became commercial in practice.
he farmers who employ ecological methods of cultivation fertilise their land with organic com-
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The absorption of nutrients in plants is a process of migration of microorganisms from soil to roots in the course of which they receive supplies of nutritive components. In order to assimilate these substances plants develop small cells. If ecological farmers happen to provide sufficient quantities of organic matter in form of manure considerable gain in plant- mass can be realized what is not likely to be achieved by conventional methods. Then the problem in the approach is the high risk of putrefaction that is greatly possible to take place in soil. If the decay process comes to pass, the effect of it will be exceedingly toxic by-products. So as to save against toxicosis roots reduce their volume what in consequence results in lesser harvest collect. What farmers can recourse to only is applying microorganisms straight down in the soil.
In the view of this some conclude that plants can healthily feed themselves on mineral salts as such. It is simply because, they, plants, survived all these millions of years thanks to the organic matter that had been fuelled by the very microorganisms. lbumin (one of the basic simple proteins) and the other essential substances that plants necessitate are engendered in soil all when plants do not have to work for it. All naturalists know that nature is coldly calculating economist
Generated in plants nutrients were not consumed by the higher organisms but remained in close environs of the plants for the entire vegetation period. The superfluity of biochemical energy then develops into higher organisms. Life processes are and basically depend on consumption of energy. Plants accumulate energy by means of photosynthesis. If for instance an individual higher organism consumes a wonderfully created by nature sunflower then the produce will depart from the consumer’s body in a shapeless form of an excrement within some few hours later. In other words in the aim of surviving the higher organisms used the amassed energy in this way to void it next after. Then the plant will produce exactly the same sunflower fruit one after the other. It is the way on the basis of which nature is able to feed countless populaces on the Earth since it affords sufficient quantities of prefabricated products and the solar energy in the first place. Then the only one lesson people need to take from nature is balanced economy of organic resources. creature of which does not undertake an action which is needless. Apart from the organic acids (functioning as digestive agents) plants generate hormones (just as it takes place in case of higher animal species) and carbohydrates that settle in soil. This in turn affects various microorganisms there. Today we can freely say that microorganisms has always been the very suppliers of the plants. Then it is the answer why healthy soil is what serves the health of plants, animals and people. It is because that “energetic substances” are the essence on the strength of which life on earth is practicable. hese were the principles that laid the canon of the Benedictines’ doctrine in the respect of
which produce grown right next to the monastery was to feed the concerned. The gardens were fertilised with excrements of the there inhabitants. By the means of plant soil microorganisms human body systems were held up indeed. Healthy soil was what healthy people were.
IT IS WORTHWHILE TO KNOW
Photo:Wojciech Kuźmicki, the vice director of the Economic-Financial department of NFZ, Rafał Tomaszczuk from the section of Promotion of Healthy Lifestyle, Grzegorz Łojewski, the deputy manager of the director in the Medical department of NFZ.
at Diabetics’ T
he Thursday get-togethers at Diabetics’ are a tradition by now. As befits a dinner one is free to have good and healthy food however something different is of greater value. The tradition of the king Stanisław’s dinners obligates and the willing to rise to it promoters have to provide any essentials to render it judicious. Then an illustration of it may be an unusually interesting lecture of prof. dr.hab. Ida Kinalska in the course of which she managed to suggestively convey all relevant to diabetes information to the audience. This knowledge is immensely important for the addresses since anyone who attends the dinners is diabetes concerned.
Edyta Adamska, specialist dietician, process of creation helps (aid) menu and preparation of dish leans essentially
Diabetes disease is immeasurably challenging yet life experience proves that awareness, discipline, and self-examining are achievable means of prevention against the post-complications and afford fairly high quality of everyday existence. Familiarising with the up-to-date medical treatment routines serves patients better understanding, confidence on a daily basis, improves their communication with the practitioners what all adds to the more effective therapy results.
IT IS WORTHWHILE TO KNOW Somewhat habitually awaited part of the dinner is the dessert – in case of the Thursday Dinners at Diabetics’ it is actually an artistic one in the kind. The pleasing, relaxed and indeed romantic atmosphere is fulfilled by talented artists. Some of them are already recognised, some of them happen to be unearthed by us.
Prof.dr.hab. Maria Górska, the Voivodeship Consultant on Diabetology, undertook the patronage over the Thursday Dinners at Diabetics’.
Władysław Prochowicz, the Director of the Division of the TVP Białystok, and Wiesław Rajewski, the Program Director in the station.
Prof. Ida Kinalska in the course of preparing lentil cauldron during which she tenderly introduced any single one ingredient applied to the dish.
A young talented vocalist, a laureate of the Festival under the name Jacek Kaczmarski – Maria Magdalena Kośnik performed beautiful ballads for us.
Shared gustation of the meals is one of the features at a given stage of the Thursday Dinners
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Krzysztof Szubzda – a journalist, satirist, cabaret actor. In his role of the court-chef he prepares salmon tartar steak in the favour of the Thursday Dinner.
Prof. Marian Szamatowicz and his unconventional contribution to the meal preparation – we received a beautiful ballad of Okudżawa.
hen the cooking masters of the get-together, this time, were prof. Ida Kinalska and prof. Marian Szamatowicz, who being scholars showed that they can be equally competent by the kitchen pots. The duet of the scientists demonstrated something more on the way – the prof. Kinalska managed to narrate the cooking while prof. Szamatowicz was singing and playing the guitar in quite unconventional a manner. We were presented then with his performance of a Okudżawa’s ballad. The healthy nutritious lentil dish was made to the very high standard what was confirmed by all the guests who voiced their readiness then to reintroduce this old forgotten vegetable on their tables in the kitchen.
Th Author: K.K Photo: Maciej Bogdański
Prof. Maria Górska was speaking on the diet principles and their meaning in the diabetes patients’ life.
The respectable guests of the Thursday get-togethers – the members of the Podlasie Diabetes Association, there sympathisers, or anyone diabetes concerned.
IT IS WORTHWHILE TO KNOW
Non-viral technique of extracting cells
Modification of already known technique of extracting vernacular cells from human skin may prevent against the ethically controversial obtaining them from human embryos and makes the method far safer for people – informs the “Nature”. Scientists from the United Kingdom and Canada elaborated a new technique of modification of adult skin cells so as they acquire multilateral properties of vernacular cells the which method allows to stop applying risky viruses in the process of their genetic reprogramming. The previous technique of modification skin cells, which was worked out by American and Japanese specialists in 2007, depended on a conversion of four basic genes by means of employed viruses.
However the technique could not be exacted in humans for the risk of genetic disorders what was likely to engender cancer syndromes. The new method of genetic reprogramming of skin cells, devised by panels of experts supervised by Keisuke Kaji from Edinburg University and Andreas Nagy from Toronto University, does not necessitate applying viruses whereas affords achieving the same goal – skin cells acquire vernacular properties. The new technique of cells’ modification allows for eliminating external factors used for the reprogramming them thanks to which a vernacular cell is obtained in pure state being able to multidirectional diversification into 220 types. Since these are own personal vernacular cells of the patient there is not a risk of rejecting them by the organism. As well as there is not a risk of genetic complications. Reprogramming of skin cells then may be an inexhaustible source of vernacular cells what in turn might serve forming new tissues in order to treat a given patient. Nonetheless experts caution that even though the results obtained by the scientists from the Great Britain and Canada are promising, the technique of reprogramming adults cells leaves some question marks behind it. Hence, in their opinion, some further research works are necessary to investigate vernacular cell extracted from human embryos.
The Source: Rynek Zdrowia
Obesity as harmful as smoking Obesity or overweight at the late age add to the risk of a premature death in the same extent as smoking of more than 10 cigarettes a day – state scientists from the Swedish centre in Karolińsk whose findings are published in the “British Medical Journal”. Obesity and overweight at the late age stays in relation to premature death even if a given person does not smoke. Obesity is equally dangerous as habitual smoking whereas overweight is as dangerous as moderate smoking in turn – asserts Martin Neovious who conducted the research. A non-smoking person who is overweight is regarded by the Swedish scientists as proving the same risk as one who is a moderate smoker on 1 to 10 cigarettes but then not overweight. The research during which body weight and smoking was monitored for 38 years or then non-smoking of 45920 individuals born in 1949-1951 who were examined for the first time at the age of 18, confirmed that, smoking of more than 10 cigarettes a day doubles the risk of premature death. In case of the overweight, seriously underweight and moderate smokers the risk of premature death was estimated to 30% whereas the obese non-smokers were qualified to the same group of risk that obese smokers stand for. Underweight persons were not ascertained to prove the risk of premature death irrespective of the fact whether they smoked or not. Then seriously underweight persons were ranked to the same group of risk as obese ones. Within the 38 years of the research some about 3 thousand persons died. Then the number of deceases were the lowest among the persons of proper body weight. . The Source: Rynek Zdrowia 30
echo życia Diet deficiency of vitamin B12 (cobalamin) causes that vegetarians and vegans give birth to babies who are to carry congenital defects what takes place as commonly as five times more in contrast to women who eat practically everything.
Vegetarianism not for the pregnant
IT IS WORTHWHILE TO KNOW babies that are affected by neural tube what exacts anencephaly and spina bifida in the new born. The infants with the congenital defects are paralysed and more often than not die soon after meeting the world. These is what follows from the medical findings published in the magazine “Paediatrics” that is quoted in an issue of the “Poland”.
Vitamin B12 is essential for fitting functioning of the nervous system, generating of red blood cells and synthesis of bone marrow.
egetarians do not eat meat whereas vegans are more restrictive and eliminate any other animal components from their diet: dairy, eggs, honey and gelatine. This is actually what deprives them from the richest source of vitamin B12 which is meat. While then cobalamin is also to be found and consumed in fish, crustacean, cheese and egg produce.
The panel of experts from the Trinity College in Dublin and the Irish Research Council on Health affirm that women proving reduced levels of cobalamin tended to give birth to children with spina bifida 2,5 to 3 times more often. In turn the progeny of the women in concern suffered from this syndrome 5 times more frequently.
rish scientists discovered that women who undergo a deficiency of vitamin B12 at the moment of conception far more often give birth to
edical studies suggest that deficiency of vitamin B12 in women exacts not only anaemia, irritability, numbness and menstruation complaints, but also manifold adds to the risk that the baby will be born with an inherited incurable defect – stated dr Duane Alexander from the National Institute of Child Health in Maryland who was one of the specialists conducting the research. As of yet doctors attempted prevention against neural tube advising women to receive folic acid in a measure not lower than 0,4mg daily that long as to the end of the 12th week of pregnancy. Today they recommend to supplement it with cobalamin altogether. The vitamin B12 pills should be taken even as early as at the moment of planning having a baby for the defect of neural tube develops within the first 28 days of pregnancy.
The Source : www.rynekzdrowia.pl
IT IS WORTHWHILE TO KNOW
Go for products your brain gains from and be certain that it will reward you in high gear
Serving grey matter The formula against failing memory is actually very simple. It is as much as necessary to observe basic diet principles and reduce to minimum any dishes that do not favour the functioning of your brain. Above all it takes to eat frequently but in small portions. Nutrition specialists affirm that it is what affords regular supplies of glucose that “fuels” brain whereas does not exact putting on weight. In turn deciding on two meals a day does not guarantee it since brain may be provided with too little glucose what will hamper memorising and performing gathered
information. Another recommendation – much beneficial one for enables eliminating free radicals that answer for quickened aging of brain cells – is consuming fruit and vegetables as frequently as even seven times a day since it is what presents with antioxidants. Equally important rule is drinking 2 litres of water daily; it is far easier for hydrated organism to deal with built up toxins that are likely to disturb brain functioning. In order to maintain acuity it is worthwhile to opt for super effective diet. For starters bakery products. It has to be wholemeal since delivers plenty of zinc that secures against ageing of brain cells. The effect – mental agility. Then grouts. The more coarse the richer in vitamins B they are and then secure adequate functioning of the nervous system. Green vegetable and lettuce are a very valuable group of produce in this diet. It is a great reserves of vitamin B12 that safeguards against ageing. Deficiency of it may give rise to memory losses. Other vital components are citruses and fruit rich in vitamin V that response for transferring information to relevant nerve centres. Altogether vitamin C protects against Alzheimer. Vitamin E is another super vitamin that serves brain. We deliver it down in body system in dishes made of olive oils. Likewise vitamin E defends grey matter against ageing.
In turn vegetable oils are the source of lecithin that takes part in forming of neurotransmitters. Furthermore lecithin prevents against accumulating of cholesterol in blood vessels that may affect brain functioning. Salmon is essential in super diet all alike. It provides us with niacin and vitamin D that bear influence on the nervous system thanks to which information is processed in brain fairly faster. And nuts of course. A small daily portion favours regulating of blood cholesterol levels what safeguards us against arteriosclerosis and ..sclerosis. What does not favour brain functioning then? There is a multitude of the very “delicacies”, for instance cakes with cream. They lift spirits yet for a short time only. Raising levels of the hormone of happiness “fools” brain whereas the organism demands for more sweets. Everyone enjoys chips and hamburgers in spite of the fact that they are full of fat and calories. The fat accumulates in blood vessels while also in those that lead to brain! “Bountiful” in saturated fatty acids pork meat is a source of unhealthy cholesterol. Gutting fat ham or bacon, then smoked, we treat ourselves to a great number of problems including those digestive ones. If the food happens to be fatty then comes to be salty altogether whereas in the opinion of diabetes patients superfluity of salt adds to high blood pressure what also affects brain functioning. We ourselves might not be sliding into “a black hole of sclerosis” as yet but still remember situations when for example a grandfather or an elderly aunt tossed around the house so as to find their glasses, keys,
IT IS WORTHWHILE TO KNOW
wallets, purse… - Rested here a moment ago and now already gone – an elderly cudgels his or her brain. -Maybe it was yesterday… although I do not remember, was the yesterday last year…
Author: Lus Photo: deviant ART
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protects against gum disease In China green tea has been believed to be a healing drink for ages. Since it became popular in Europe its curative properties have been the concern of scientists. It was already confirmed that it reduces high blood pressure, levels of sugar, concentrations of bad cholesterol as well as strengthens immunity and prevents against cancers whereas these are only some of valuable qualities green tea affords. Today it was revealed that it also wards off gum disease. There was a research study conducted throughout which 940 men at the age of 49-59 who suffered from gum disease proved that regular drinking green tea relieves symptoms of the disorder. This effect can be achievable on the strength of the antioxidant – catechin found in the tea which combats bacteria that cause inflammation in the oral cavity. Consequently scientists affirm that routine drinking green tea is a simple and useful way of prevention against gum disease.
Foto: deviant ART
- Healthy gums are required in order to maintain good body condition as a whole – sais dr David Cochran, the chairman of the American Society of Periodontology. The Source: Rynek Zdrowia
Blood group equally important as personal data According to the law bill on public records and identity cards which is to enter into force at the beginning of the next year blood group is intended to be printed on the plastic id proof. In addition this information will be issued on a so called Blood Card, a document every single person is to receive. The record in identity card and the Blood Card are expected to come in aid of rescuing human life in cases of emergencies. The Blood Card was already introduced and is a kind of certificate from serological centers. However it is few so far who own it. The legislative initiative was undertaken by Left Wing Club but is also supported by the coalition clubs PO and PSL. 34
The implementation of the idea seems to be a considerable step for today medical practitioners do not take into account the information from family members, from wristlets or from tattoos. The reason is that the rescue workers need legal information in order to be able to render blood transfusion in given cases on the way. Then blood requires analysis before transfusion what takes one and a half hour. However in case of an urgent situation the procedure is limited to 30 minutes then when hemorrhage is far more challenging in medical reaction time. The Source: Rynek Zdrowia
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Let us stay close to Nature Man belongs to the three worlds: his own home, his soul interior and to all the external globe Father Czesław Klimuszko
It should not surprise anyone that beauty and orderliness evoke the feeling that life in this kind of surrounding may bring better fortune and health on the whole. Except is such a state actually achievable? Father Czesław Klimuszko who devoted all his life to exploring mysteries of nature and life-giving phenomena hinted: Nature may come in aid but must be familiarised beforehand. Healthy psychic typifies strong pull to living nature, to trees and flowers in particular. Therefore our households, the there balconies and window sills need to be all the time composed together with plants that beneficially influence body and mind, for instance araucarias, palms, aloes trees, polypodies, roses. The country Father Klimuszko quotes as one being as a shimmering example is Switzerland. The natives there not only grow flowers in their houses, in front of the houses, but also plant them in the streets, parks, what all the more is done with thorough knowledge and generosity. They even set the garden flowers by the river banks of the Rhine just as if the wonderful forests in the Alps with all its abundance of wild four o’clocks, crocuses and lilies were not being fulfilling enough…
Photo Marek Dolecki
In line with Father’s Klimuszko we, at our homes, should foster living birchwood twigs kept in water as well as pine and spruce twigs but then maintained in pots with soil. This is because they all emit essential oils or birchwood alone for instance neutralises radiation coming from a TV receiver. Pot flowers serve decoration and counteract negative energy exacted by sharp angles and inappropriate home dimensions at the same time
Foto: deviant ART
SECRETS OF DIET . The choices harmonising good chi energy in turn can be azalea, spider plant, silver dollar plant, poinsettia, ceriman and ficus. Some similar properties in the respect are afforded by: peace lilly, potted pepper, laceleaf, aphelandra, begonia, croton, cyclamen, chiffchaff, dumbcane, epipremnum, poinsettia, amaryllis, pelargonium, epripremnum, all the varieties of calathea, cissus, eucalyptus globulus, glossy buckthorn and all herbs the Earth knows. There is then pretty a choice. But still caution needed! We can not allow ourselves to lock tropical plants in our urban facilities, we can not keep there palms, dracaenas, yuccas, hyophorbes, we can not do this for they necessitate spaces. The same as we are to mind cactuses. Their spicules emit subtle but still waves of anxiety.
Foto: deviant ART
Foto: deviant ART
The friendly plants are those of big leaves, ones oval, round, red-green, green ones. Positive energy, happiness, health, love can be afforded by silver dollar plant. It is particularly cued to those who are at financial difficulties, problems with given partners, career questions or creative quandaries. More than this the tree preserves all the good what we already have. Then when it is also much easy in tendering altogether â€“ watering does not have to be frequent as such. 36
RThe vegetation of fields and meadows, then particularly of forests, is what contributes to health of the human race throughout the evolution. Seeing this is the fact that woods has always been the friend of man from the time immemorial. The Father Klimuszko guides us in simple a way so as we were to learn forest and remain in cordial friendship with it even if it was just about to secure its generous gifts only. It is because that forest is an infinite wealth of trees, bushes, flowers, mushrooms what stands for curing source for anyone to be found. Nonetheless the most valuable, however not much consciously realised, are the healing biocurrents that nature endows us with. This wood verdant biosphere offers man not only an occasion to rest but also an opportunity to regenerate. The most positive Foto: deviant ART influence is exacted by the needle trees such
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as larch, pine, spruce, fir wood, juniper and the dying out yew. Then still larch is of the greatest positive weight. In turn among the leaf trees linden is the first
much as two weeks is needed to get rid of any rheumatic complaints. Altogether birch is also helpful to be able to relieve womanly medical problems. Then on the other hand there are trees that have disadvantageous effect on us and therefore we should avoid contact with them. These are among others: barberries, aspens, poplars, and alders. Aspens, poplars and alders affect people in the way that they feel demobilised and depressed, weak immunologically or even unable to recover any wounds. In turn barberries exact allergies while the fungi found in them may engender contagion of cereal produce. Other trees and bushes are neutral for us for the fact that their biocurrents are pretty much insubstantial. However they are still valuable even if they only reduce the effects brought about by reason of industry, motorisation and other civilisation blessings we take pride ofâ€Ś Maciej Lutka
Foto: deviant ART
being so pleasant and homely. It does not only delight with its fairness but also heals serving its essential oils to body and mind. The queen in respect has equally decorous and worthwhile company around: birches, oaks, conkers, maples, mulberries, acacias. The biocurrents of the trees also have their positive effect on our organisms we receive. Anyway birch is before them. It is the tree that regulates all the biological community what is indeed phenomenal. The juice extracted from birch at the mid of May and drank 3 times a day purges blood, makes skin face look fresher and protects lungs against cancer. Another health promoting use of birch is applying its leafy twigs to line up the bed. As
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We need to make it clear what is just about to be introduced – writing a paean on beer is not the intention behind the article for the drink contains alcohol excessive drinking of which exacts unpredictable results. Beer is not a neutral substance in human body organism however consumed in sensible amounts or even then medically administered…
…does not have to be harmful
Beer presents with some about 40 mineral compounds that afford energy we receive. The vitamin content in it is also fairly ample. One litre of this drink supplies with nearly 200mg of such vitamins as B6 (35 percent of daily requirement), B2 (20%), niacin (65%), as well as A,D,E,H vitamins altogether. In turn the mineral composition in 1 litre serves magnesium (50% of daily requirement), phosphorus (40%) and potassium (20%). Beer is a rich source of organic complexes that are beneficial both to nervous and digestive system.
Hops and potassium salts found in beer perform like diuretic agents rinsing away deposits of sand and tiny stones in kidneys. The tipple, just as red wine, prevents against forming of clots in the arteries by the way of which protects against coronary attack and stroke at the same time. Nonetheless it has not any bearing on body weight as such.
of a lager amounts to some about 450 kcal/ litre and is much lower than the caloric value of milk, then fruit juices or sweet beverages. • Comparing nutritional values of different food products it is easy to find it out that the average nutritional value of beer corresponds to such amounts as for example 210g of bread, 568g of potatoes, 940g of apples, 64g of butter, 570g of milk. • What is more a panel of scientists headed by Shel Gorinstein from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem proved that beer actually exacts slimming down what takes place on the strength of the essence that remains after evaporation of water and alcohol. Yet the very alcohol itself is highly caloric.
Foto: deviant ART
Beer is well recommended to those persons who follow diets that are low-fat, low-protein, salt-free or low-cholesterol. Physicians think that women can take the liberty of drinking one glass daily (200250ml) whereas men as much as a little beer bottle (apr. 330ml). Higher quantities that are systematically consumed are damaging and give rise to addiction.
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We do not gain in weight through beer for it exacts dehydration of tissues and additionally has its positive effects on burning of fats and carbohydrates what quickens the overall digestion within the organism.
Conducted in the Great Britain research revealed that in contrast to abstainers moderate drinkers are at 20% lower risk of coronary attack and even at 30-40% lower risk of blood circulation diseases.
The ones who become addicted to alcohol most promptly
are women and young persons before the age 25. Greater amount of beer, being diuretic, rinses out organic elements and mineral salts, calcium for example. The drink is not expedient in case of individuals who suffer from heart disease, hypertension and pancreas syndrome as well as patients who systematically receive medicines and should consult a doctor whether they can treat themselves with a glass of beer from time to time. â€˘ Beer provides with large quantity of antioxidants, vitamins B and other compounds that reduce levels of bad cholesterol. Its nutritive and health-promoting qualities have been confirmed by medicine. When produced only on the base of natural components which are pure water, cereal and yeast, beer then is digestible in 96% and supplies with essential proteins, mineral salts and vitamins what affords biological balance all in all. The other source of energy in beer is delivered in sugars: glucose, fructose, sucrose. 1 litre of beer covers daily requirement for methionine and lysine in 27%, alpha-aminoisovaleric acid in 29%, whereas for phenylalanine as much as in 46%. The drink contains proteins and amino acids plus vitamins B that regulate digestion and overall metabolism as well as antioxidants (vitamin E and beta-carotene
Foto: deviant ART
which is pro vitamin A). The content of proteins in beer is equal to the one found in grapefruit juice. Ferrum ( that counteracts anaemia), phosphorus and calcium (needed for growth of teeth and bones), potassium and magnesium (that add to metabolism) are other constituents of the hop beverage.Hops resins prove antibacterial properties and for instance can work against bacteria that are immune to antibiotics. Niacin (vitamin PP) found in beer prevents from tuberculosis. Some slight amounts of beer may be prescribed by a doctor in case of urinary disease, gastric syndrome, pre- and post-operational conditions. The drink prevents against forming of kidney stones, reduces the risk of coronary disease and heart attack. In 39
SECRETS OF DIET moderate quantities beer stimulates appetite and eases digestion so therefore it can be drank by the elderly and patients running through rehabilitation. • Beer is absorbed four times faster than milk. Being served of an appropriate temperature it perfectly quenches since it is naturally gassy as a result of entirely natural brewing process of fermentation. It does not contain any artificial additives such as colour or flavour stabilizers as well as does not include fats.
• • It reduces stress and tensions.
The research conducted by prof. L.A. Greenberg from the Yale University revealed that consumption of a half of 0,5 litre bottle reduces body tension in 13% whereas intake of the whole bottle in 37%. The alcohol content in beer becomes diluted thanks to which its fast assimilation takes place what in turn does not burden the organism. 2/3 litre of beer exacts upsurge of alcohol blood concentration up to 0,5 per mill. After an hour the concentration drops down as much as 0,1-0,2. Hence moderate drinking of beer is save and can be even prescribed as a prophylaxis agent in some given ailments.
The “ Znakomita Kuchnia Krakowska” cuisine book compiled by Marya Gruszecka is comprised of the 19th century tried and true practical recipes that guide provident housekeepers so as to be able to make tasteful and healthy dishes according to which book it is possible to prepare as many as 366 dishes – meals that could be eaten both on ordinary and fast-days, then meals that can be as refined as appropriate to treat respectable guests and not particularly on festive occasions only. Marya Gruszecka introduces her work in the foreword as follows: “ I made any effort to render the book the best practical so as to enable our young housemaids of both middle-class and clerical to gather knowledge and experience of cuisine”. Mindful reading “Znakomita Kuchnia Krakowska” familiarises with the then households in Cracow from the perspective of the kitchen life – the past customs, eating patterns and the widespread care in the respect so as not to go over a given budget, so as not to live beyond one’s means. The chapter of Lenten soups was one we selected “polewki” from, soups that are based on beer and wine. Are they tasty and frugal in actual fact? It remains a question of an individual approach as far as one would not confuse converting quarts and pounds into litres and decagrams. Lus
Neat beer polewka
A quart (1 litre) of not much strong beer is to be boiled with a piece of sugar, cinnamon, a few cloves, lemon zest (or raisins alternatively), and some lemon juice altogether. When it comes to the boil it is ready to be served with cut into cubes plain cheese. A quart (1 litre) of beer should be boiled with roots. The moment it comes to the boil the following ingredients should be added: ¾ litre of good, sour cream that is meant to be well whipped or mixer blended together with four yolks and a spoonful of powdered sugar all of which is not supposed to get boiled up, otherwise it is to curdle, but only heated up and served with cheese that is suggested to be cut into cubes. If polewka turns to be not sweet enough some sugar and cinnamon can be added as an extra touch. Cream can be substituted with 6 egg yolks.
Whitened beer polewka
Polewka on wine A quart (1 litre) of ordinary white wine is supposed to be mixed with one third of water, then blended with sugar in the preferred proportions as ¼ pound (12-14 decagrams) or ½ pound (25 decagrams), then with a few pieces of cinnamon, a few of cloves, and some of nutmeg flowers. The composition should be boiled once and put aside with no further cooking. It needs to be crushed with a pestle and the moment it starts to froth up the drink should 40 be promptly served together with jaffa cakes. Polewka on wine is ordinarily tasted in cups before dinner.
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The tipple as old as the world is
produced in many an assortment among of which the most illustrious were dedicated in oblation to gods as well as in a form of tributes to the pharaohs and dignitaries. The severe restrictions for the bad quality manufacturers were not any different as those in Babylon – the makers found blameworthy were to be drown in their own pretend alcohol produce. The Egyptians made their beer young and light with the low content of alcohol but with salt added. The custom was to drink it straight from a barrel using a cane straw. If to follow the legend the Egypt people were taught brewing beer by the very god Osiris. Altogether pharaohs themselves practised it the confirmation of which are hieroglyphics related to the theme.
Roman Empire Foto: deviant ART
Beer is one of the most popular drinks in the world. In some given countries for example it is even more preferred than wine and vodka varieties. The first records on beer are dated to take place in the ancient times. Then the economical and undemanding process of production of it (the only necessary ingredients needed are barley, hops and water) made it familiarised and accepted all there where populaces occupied with farming.
The Romans were mainly after cultivating of the grape plants and nurturing wine. Then when there were regions which could
The beer was learned for the first time by Sumer tribes who lived in the lands of the ancient Mesopotamia. It was just there where a tablet from 6000 AD was found and was one that depicted a primitive formula for making beer. The Sumer beer, called in their language “sikaru”, was prepared by way of crushing cereal pies that were placed aside in water for a few days to ferment. The obtained beverage was more like kvass than today beer just as it was. In Babylon beer was made to be strong, not filtered, and meant to be dissolved in water. It’s production must have been quite common since the recipes of proper brewing were officially inscribed in the famous Code of Hammurabi. The set of laws imposed penalties and punishments for those fraudsters who adulterated beer and infringed the rules of the trade of it. In Egypt beer was the basic item of consumption. It was
Foto: deviant ART
SECRETS OF DIET not afford it and cereals had to be grown to exact beer production. In the then times the drink was regarded to be mediocre and was chiefly consumed by the legionnaires. Straight after the fall of the Empire crop growing of cereals and the related to it beer production was undertaken by the Church, namely the monasteries. Monks worked hard to improve the flavour scribing their formulas on the parchments at the same time. It was them to whom we owe introducing hops to beer and their invention to bring the fermentation process down there to the cold cellars. Before these events which was in 1000 the tipple was “fiddled” with a selected blend of herbs.
Middle Times The first beer brewing factories in the European cities were established between the 11th and the 12th century, however it was not sooner than before 14th and 15th, when actual industry really flourished. Beer became a drink which happened to be accepted
echo życia to be far than common as was drank more frequently than it is today. Then it turned to be particularly well-liked in the North Europe (from the British islands to Belgium, Germany, to the east Slavic terrains of Lithuania and Samogitia ). People they did value the energetic and warming-up qualities of beer that relieve the cold climate as well as merry temper that follows drinking it. The producers of the tipple united themselves forming guilds thanks to which they stood a strong corporate wealth and thereby powerful group within society. Their taxes provided for and maintained cities. Diligently protecting their secrets of manufacturing each one beer corporation applied locally specific recipes in the result of which numerous regional brands became created which presented their own unique flavours. What is more every single one brand had its own individual mug (some have had till today, for instance in Belgium).
The etymology of the word “beer” is fairly similar in many distinct languages. Gloger notes that
Peter Bruegel Wesele chłopskie Foto: deviant ART
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the drink “was termed beer by reason of common drinking it” . In Russian - пиво is from пить. French word bière (Eng. beer, Germ. Bier) associates with Latin bibere (to drink). In turn comparable to Latin cervisia (beer) Spanish cerveza most probably originated from Ceres, the Roman goddess of soil, harvests and farming that mainly related to cereals.
Poland Farming tribes who inhabited the old Polish lands must have familiarised with the secrets of beer somewhat early. According to the chronicler Gallus Anonymus it was as early when the legendary Piast the Wheelwright during the ceremony of the first haircut of his son, Siemowit, greeted his guests with some single-handedly made beer. Initially the drink was light, fizzy, then quenching and refreshing. It was produced both from barley and wheat in line with the uncomplicated technique: roasted grain was pestled in a mortar, poured with hot water, left to cool down to acquire environmental temperature, and then was mixed with mash. Many a monarch took delight in the golden tipple. Bolesław Chrobry the king drank so much of it that the Germans called him “Bierbruder”. Leszek I the White got away with going on a crusade for the Holy Land for the lack of beer and mead there (and nonetheless he reportedly received a papal dispensation). In turn Konrad, the Stinaviensis Duke and the Rector of Wrocław, being elected to be an archbishop in Salzburg (present-day Austria) he relinquished the nobility and the service the moment he discovered that beer can not be found there but wine only. Beer brewing was an important branch of the national industry. Whenever it came to recovering bankrupt cities authorities allowed liberty for an uninhibited beer brewing. The famous ones among others were factories from Piotrków, Łowicz, Gdańsk, Warka and Warsaw. Over time farm-hand brewhouses also developed whereas owning one’s personal produce of beer became a tradition of the then manors. Among the gentry it was widely practised to serve so called beer polewka for breakfast, namely warmed-over beer blended with egg yolk what substituted coffee and tea we drink today. Another custom in turn was consuming beer in large glasses where to wetted with oil croutons were added in.
Pracownia Louisa Pasteura Foto: deviant ART
The Belgians are said that they can spend their entire life beside the beer mugs (mettre de la vie dans la brasserie). Then when even Polish nation stands the confirmation that the tipple has had thoroughly strong position in our culture what is reflected in the language expressions: a trifling problem is colloquially termed as “small beer” while it happens to make serious troubles what in turn is phrased “to brew one’s own beer”. Then it is far worse when it takes “to drink the beer one had brewed himself” what means to bear the consequences of one’s own deeds. Nothing can save one’s skin then except a lavish “tip”. As well as altogether it is common knowledge that “young beer has to stir” what can be translated as youth will have his swing.
The discovery of Pasteur PThe breakthrough outcome in respect of the beer brewing advancement was the work of the French physicist, Louis Pasteur. Investigating the fermentation process of wine and beer he determined it in 1880 that some microorganisms which exact this process can be harmful and can produce unwanted effects. Flavour of beer depends on fer43
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mentation: yeast cells convert sugar into alcohol. Till the time abovementioned fermentation had its natural uninterrupted by man course. The beer brewers were not able to predict and control a given taste of beer as well as were not capable to secure the savour to be the same each time on a regular basis. Thanks to Pasteur it was possible to isolate these cells of yeast that are favourable concerning fermentation. Then at least culturing them became achievable and the beer makers acquired the aptitude to deliver the tipple just as they intended it to be at each one factory output. Altogether Pasteur ascertained the method of preserving the alcohol which is heating it up to 70°C (pasteurisation) what affords storing beer for a longer length of time. On account of these discoveries breweries entered into another era of prosperity in result of which the beer manufacturers were the richest among others within societies. Just as for instance in the 19th-20th century Belgium alone there were 3200 beer factories that provided with as many as 18000 beer brands.
The 20th century The flourishing industry of beer collapsed during the First and then the Second World War. By reason of the want for raw materials and labour almost half of the Belgian beer factories turned to be closed down. Trivially even bottles alone were not accessible. It was then since when bottle return was introduced what became obligatory in many of the countries in Europe. At that time in the United States of America one of the companies in the state of New York launched beer in cans (1935). The idea did work out within the society and it was gradually improved: in 1958 a Hawaii business started to manufacture beer in aluminium tins when in 1962 a brewing factory from Pennsylvania pioneered cans that could be opened by a flick of a finger. After the war Belgium stood merely 775 breweries. The crisis affected mainly the small family units, the ones that which either fell down as such or were overtaken by the giant corporations. If to give a contrast to the statistics, now, it is this only 120 breweries and just 400 brands of beer in Belgium today.
Beer and health
echo życia From the very beginning the golden drink was taken much into consideration as far as its properties were simply a potential in many a field. In the ancient Egypt beer was affirmed to have curative qualities - beer was administered in as many as 100 out of 700 prescriptions. For this example women used the drink for their cosmetic purposes so as to refresh the skin or at least to treat some any minor skin complaints. In the ancient Greece Hippocrates advised to apply beer to ease voiding urine, to use it to relieve fever and heal wounds alike. A Turkish doctor, Aretaeus of Cappadocia, recommended beer in cases of diabetes and migraine. In the Middle Ages beer was generally employed as it was regarded to be stimulating and effecting merry mood. It was thought that hop-plant , one of the beer ingredients, on one hand invigorates appetite when on the other calms down. Then it was as early as at the beginning of the 20th century when practitioners advocated sleeping on a little pillow filled with hop-plant. However later on in the 20th century the approach started to change when addictive sides of beer were confronted and its therapeutic qualities were relinquished. Still it is these last years now at time of which the medical interest after the influence of alcohol on health came again to be a subject-matter. Further consecutive studies prove nonetheless that it is moderate drinking that does not affect health. In the contrary: it prevents against diseases of blood circulation system and related heart syndromes (even in 50%), then reduces the risk of fatality related to them as well as probably functions protectively against some certain kinds of cancers. The only problem is specifying the degree of the safe moderate intakes of the alcohol. Corresponding to the newest findings it is 1-2 glasses for women, and 2-3 glasses for men. Then when no scientific proof is needed to illustrate the fact that cultural reasonable drinking of beer adds to the condition of proper relax and socialising all the more. Compiled by. Ewa Szarkowska
In the old Poland it was fairly much popular to drink ‘garmatka’ which was hot beer enriched with cream, yolks, sharp aromatic spices mixed together with honey, all of which was meant to be poured out on crushed cottage cheese. The testimony of it is assured even by the very Adam Mickiewicz who in his work “Sir Taddeus” wrote: “The elderly ladies having woken up early were drinking coffee,/Then next they prepared one another serve but not one of toffi:/It was one from hot beer whitened with cream,/ Within which pieces of cottage cheese swim.
– a developmental
Is it so that your child has a difficulty with reading, memorising grammar and then with comprehending calculation? Do you inspect his or her notebooks to find there that he or she exacts hand-writing lopsided the words of which are illegible and awry in sound they form? Before you judge your child to be lazy or you happen to run panic whether it is retarded start to be observing. It might be dyslexia The term was built out of Greek words – dys, namely “deficiency of something”, and léxios, what means words. DYSLEXIA stands for specific incompetence of writing and reading engendered by disorders of some cognitive and motor functions in children whose mental development is accurate in any event. The specialists explain the causes of it to be genetic, ones based on micro defects or then undeveloped nervous system which might be prompted throughout foetal period, perinatal time, or at the first months after being born, whereas the period of nursery time and school time can be ones when didactic and environmental defaults can be the reason behind the problem. Then altogether dyslexia may arise from some certain disorders the ground if which can be anomalous flow of infor-
mation between brain and oral apparatus, between brain and hand receiving, ear or eye reception – what all is strictly related to the memory of the relevant organs. Dyslectic children find it difficult to learn Polish or language as such as well as it is hard for them to acquire mathematics and geography. It is far not easy for them to “sense” spacial relations on the map and recognise the directions found in the world. Regarding geometry they are not able to distinguish shapes and spheres whereas concerning chemistry they fail to memorise formulas. Altogether they do not understand abstract notions. They manage all this by way of words learning the knowledge by heart. Then again they have to face a real effort to familiarise with foreign languages, especially with Russian since it has its own distinct pattern of letters. DYSLECTIC DISORDERS They are found in many a form – jointly or separately. These are:
echo życia ♦ DYSLEXIA - da child who intellectually develops fairly well faces problems with writing and reading. It is not able to write letters or words that he or she hears, confuses letter order, misses syllables, puzzles word endings and mixes up words of similar sounding or recording – for instance he or she mistakes “p” with “b” or “d” with “b”, just as “pada-bada” (what in Polish is two different verbs whereas of the same declination). For the reason the child does not understand what he or she reads it is not able to recount a text. In order to evade reproach of illiteracy it second-guesses words or quotes a piece of reading it had heard before. Then some share of dyslectic patients do not become any fluent in reading ever in their life. ♦ DYSGRAPHIA - tostands for the difficulty in dealing with hand-writing and rendering it graphically correct. The syndrome takes form of inexactitude of manual constructing of letters, the linkages between them, their shapes, size proportions within words, compactness or angles. Hence lopsided letters and scrawls in dirty notebooks do not have to mean that a child in respect is slovenly. ♦ DYSORTHOGRAPHY - is one of the disorders related to the grammatically correct skill of writing what may manifest in current and glaring mistaking of orthography despite given complete familiarity with spelling. ♦ DYSCALCULIA - it is some specific complexities concerning the ability of symbolic and numeral calculation – especially in regards to subtracting and simple mathematic operations. Then dyscalculia is a medical pattern that principally prevails together with dyslexia. Cases of unmixed dyscalculia are found only in the mere 1 percent of pupils. COMPREHENSIVE AID
isadvantaged of support, dyslectic children, tend to fall down still deeper in their school hardships what in consequence might result in neurosis – aggression or phobia forms. Then these any symptoms we happen to take notice of can not be disregarded. Primarily we are to take the small to a doctor who would be well expected to rule out any other affections whether neurological or then related to hearing and eye-sight, ones that could add to problems found in school.
he children affirmed by a psychologist or a pedagogue with dyslexia are subjected to a so called pedagogical therapy which is conducted in many a way. The most frequent methods employed in the respect are: ♦ Assistance and support of a teacher and a school pedagogue – adjusted to the individual needs of each one pupil. Therefore pupils are also assessed and marked on a case by case basis – for instance in respect of dysgraphia the attention is directed on the content of hand-written works as well as more time is allowed for writing and oral performance; ♦ Corrective-compensating group classes – arranged by means of a psychological diagnosis made by a correction pedagogue; ♦ Therapeutic classes in the schools where the number of dyslectic pupils is greater than in others given; ♦ Therapeutic periods organised by schools and the Polish Dyslexia Society; ♦ Therapeutic courses attended by parents who follow pedagogical instructions and employ books, magazines, games, amusements and multimedia programmes intended for dyslexia subject area.
n line with the statistics, in Poland, there is as much as 10 percent of society that are confirmed to be dyslectic. The problem concerns 10-15% of children. Then, the examples of Thomas Edison, Albert Einstein, Winston Churchill and Agatha Christie prove that the dyslectic difficulties can be overcome. The restorative effects are the better the sooner therapy is undertaken and they altogether chiefly depend on engagement of the parents. 47
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1.Try to understand a dyslectic, his or her needs, capabilities and limitations. 2. Try to observe as soon as it is possible what difficulties a dyslectic person has to face: what do they depend on and what reasons are behind them.
1. Do not approach a dyslectic as if he or she 3. In order to help a dyslectic patient early was ill, handicapped, unfit, wrong or lazy. enough: - try to recognise what helps best him or her 2.Do not punish or ridicule a dyslectic in the in the daily routine hope of mustering his or her energies. - benefit from professional literature and relevant assistance of a therapist 3.Do not delude yourself that a dyslectic would “independently manage”, “pull himself to4. Be a friendly, cheerful and patient compa- gether”, or that someone would “cure him or nion of a dyslectic in his or her troubles of life. her”. 5. Praise and reward a dyslectic not necessa- 4.Do not expect that the difficulties of an unrily for the effects of his or her work but sim- cared-for specialist support dyslectic would ply for the efforts made. narrow down to writing and reading or would end up themselves as such. 5.Do not forget that a dyslectic has to exercise systematically.
The Source: www.integracja.pl Modified text: “Pros and cons in dyslexia” www.dyslexia.waw.pl Photo: DeviantArt
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