The article is written by Mike Hulme. He is Professor of Climate Change in the School of Environmental Sciences at the University of East Anglia (UEA),Norwich ,UK. Fact : Between 2000 and 2004, on average 1 in 19 people living in a developing country was affected by climate disaster.Source : UNDP
GENDER-SENSITIVE RESPONSE TO CLIMATE CHANGE Climate change is a global phenomenon, with impacts that are already being experienced on a human level. It is recognized that it is those who are already the most vulnerable and marginalised who experience the greatest impacts (see IPCC 2007), and are in the greatest need of adaptation strategies in the face of shifts in weather patterns and resulting environmental phenomena. Even where there is a lack of hard evidence, it is commonly recognised that climate change exacerbates existing inequalities in the key dimensions that are not only the building blocks of livelihoods, but are also crucial for coping with change, including: wealth; access to and understanding of technologies; education; access to information; and access to resources. There is a need to recognise the capacity of women and men, girls and boys, to contribute important knowledge and insights. With more participative processes, these strategies and interventions can truly identify and meet the needs of those they aim to assist. Women are more likely than men to be absent from decisionmaking, whether in the household or at community, national or international levels either because their contribution is not valued or because they do not have the time, confidence or resources to contribute. It is critical that more is done to promote women's meaningful participation in decision-making on climate change responses, to ensure that climate change policy and grassroots interventions respond to their specific needs and
Source: Institute of Development Studies,University of Sussex
SES & CLIMATE CHANGE Shohratagarh Environmental Society [SES] is regional resource agency of Eastern U.P. for National Environment Awareness Campaign[NEAC] from last 15 years. The programme is brainchild of Ministry of Environment & Forests, Government of India. SES is working with 587 voluntary organization & schools in 28 districts of Uttar Pradesh. The activity includes workshop, rally, camp, training, exhibition, lecture etc. Action Also includes plantation, revival of water bodies, solid waste management. From last two years theme of programme is climate change and more than one lakh people were sensitized in last two years. Besides NEAC, SES is also working on livelihood. Livelihood activity includes change in cropping pattern in disaster prone area (regarding climate change). As climate change melts the world's glaciers, some nations must redefine their national borders. Above, the Basodino Glacier near the Swiss-Italian border.The Italian and Swiss governments have agreed to redraw parts of the border between the two nations -- fixed in 1861,
emerging as a cause of changes in national boundaries, something bureaucrat's pen.
- Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez
CLIMATE CHANGE & FOOD SOVEREIGNTY
FROM EDITOR`S DESK Dear Reader, Around 16th century, when scientists and the church were debating whether the sun revolved around the earth or the earth around the sun, have we seen such a widespread and deliberate attempt to discredit scientists. In MESSAGE FROM SECRETARY same way, Climate change denials are saying climate change is not real but there is evidence the submergence of low sea level countries & islands, receding Glaciers and untimely rain & unprecedented disaster in various part of world. In isolation, it looks like denialist is right but when we put it all together and looks a bigger picture- it is an impending catastrophe. Over the years, concept of sustainability got lost somewhere in search of development goals driven by industrial and consumption mindset. Everything that we depend on for our daily livelihood is directly affected by how the climate evolves over time. Be it the wheat and rice, crops that get damaged due to untimely rains, thereby pushing up the prices, or the healthcare expenditures in the country, gets worse due to the increasing cases of vector borne diseases. 192 nation leaders came together at Copenhagen Summit but left without making binding commitments .We need to do something urgently to slow this, is a well known fact now. But 'what can be done' is a fact on which consensus has so far been elusive. From India's domestic perspective, there is a phenomenal opportunity to start building a low carbon economy. By doing this, India will not only be able to sustain its economic and industrial growth but also ensure that its social developments targets like rural electrification are met in a climate friendly way. We have lesser time left for drastic global action to reduce Green House Gas emissions. The Himalayan glaciers may not be melting as fast as we were told, but for common people and for politicians who represent them, climate is changing and the impacts are there for us to see. With Regards, Sandeep Srivastava 5th June is celebrated as World Environment Day.What is
ECHO SES TEAM REGIONAL OFFICE: D-41, GROUND FLOOR, SECTOR K, ALIGANJ, LUCKNOW, UTTAR PRADESH ,INDIA PHONE: 0522-4025846 Website: http:// sesindia.org
your pledge on this World Environment day??- what are you doing to save the air you breathe and the water you drink by fighting global climate change?? Plant A tree ,It's the smallest
DR. B. C. SRIVASTAVA , DR. AJAY KUMAR SRIVASTAVA &
PRABHAKAR PRATAP SINGH
A Quarterly Newsletter MAY 2010-JULY 2010
“If the climate was a bank they (World leaders) would have saved it, but it is not. And they have not.”
when Italy became a unified state. Climate change is increasingly traditionally achieved by warring armies or the stroke of a colonial
draw on their knowledge and experience. Finally, it is important to note that a gendered approach to climate change should not simply be about women. Men and boys are also vulnerable to the impacts of climate change but often in different ways, and these need to be identified and communicated. Furthermore, women and girls are involved in relationships with men and boys and it is at the level of these gender relations and the social expectations influencing them that research needs to be conducted and change needs to happen. It is by now widely accepted that failure to include women in decision-making processes around climate change mitigation and adaptation at local, national, regional and international levels not only exacerbates gender inequalities, but also undermines the effectiveness of climate change responses. There is thus an urgent need to clearly identify obstacles to women's participation in decision-making, and find ways to address these constraints through supporting grassroots awareness-raising, confidence-building and advocacy and leadership training programmes. Particular attention needs to be given to promoting girls' participation, since girls may to be doubly excluded from decision-making processes on account of being both a child/youth and female. This is perhaps the single most important step towards achieving more equitable, appropriate climate change policies and programmes.
Volume 1, Issue 3
to 10 areas of the world. The third group is described as a Policy Analysis Panel “a standing panel of expertise, global in reach, with interdisciplinary skills and a diverse analytical capacity. Perhaps 50100 strong, this panel would undertake focused and rapid (612 months) analyses of specific proposed policy options and measures that have global significance.”
thing but the grandest gesture you can do today.
In Recent years, thousands of farmers in India have committed suicide because their dignity is violated. Farmers are the most dignified people in the world. They produce with their mind, soul and body. A farmer would rather defend this dignity with his death than lose it through the dehumanization that comes with loss of control of production methods and the loss of food sovereignty. Climate change and economic policies are adversely impacting the food sovereignty of millions of people and both need to be MESSAGE FROM SECRETARY combated. They both take away a basic human right - the right to adequate food. There are two immediate concerns in the context of the possible consequences of global warming and changing weather patterns. The first is the increasing number of natural disasters. The second is the issue of food sovereignty. Food sovereignty indicates the ability and power of a country or community to control and manage its own sources and modes of food production. Food sovereignty involves the right of people and the community over land, water and forests which would enable them to control the sources and means of production. There is a decrease in food production in many countries, particularly among small and marginal farmers. This has to do with both the changing weather pattern and the takeover of agriculture by corporate monopolies and rich countries. We are seeing a repetition of colonial sins with the way food is produced and distributed today. Some of the new “revolutions” to combat climate change and promote food security are manifestations of this new colonialism. Millions of hectares of land have been taken over by rich companies and rich countries at the cost of small and marginal farmers and food sovereignty of the community. The adverse
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impacts of climate change on ecosystems also affect sovereignty over food production. First, because life cannot adapt as quickly as the climate is changing. We are experiencing unprecedented natural disasters. Secondly, migration from rural to urban areas increases due to lack of water, natural disasters and the non-viability of small and medium farming. The urban poor across the world are environmental, economic and social refugees. The urbancentric, energy-intensive economic growth model induces rural to urban migration, which has reached unprecedented levels, and further accentuates the high carbon-emitting economic growth model. This, on the one hand, affects food production and the viability of sustainable agriculture in rural areas, and on the other hand increases human density in urban areas to unprecedented levels, with consequent pressure on environmental resources, demand for water and resultant pollution etc. Food sovereignty of nations and people can only be realized by strengthening sustainable agriculture and protecting the right of small and marginal farmers to live in dignity. Governments must protect this without compromising the climate and environment. The struggles for justice and human rights have to be at every level. A person's right to food is non-negotiable. The adverse impact of climate change and corporatization of agriculture undermines our right to food. We need to ask hard questions about the nature of consumption and the nature of the economic growth model. Climate change is an issue of justice, as is food rights. A call to act for justice -ecological, economic and social -- should precede the technical negotiations on climate change. If human dignity is rooted in divinity, and the idea of divinity is rooted in our search for the truth, then the truth is that there is something terribly wrong and immoral in the way we exploit the beauty and bounty of the earth and all that makes it a sustainable habitat for millions of living species. Such a truth should help us to be free -- free to imagine different choices of life, consumption and living.
of Copenhagen is bad news for those who care about climate. They may be pushed towards despair & cynicism. The need of hour is to provide them hope. It is well known that COP15 is not going to solve root cause of climate problem. A global economic system which lies on myth of endless growth, wealth & pollution. A system which is trying to maintain its status quo without jeopardizing their political & economic hunger. Copenhagen was perceived as last chance for mankind where they have to set world on a different sustainable course. 17 years ago journey was started at Rio but process has got worst despite pressure made by advocacy groups & Non Profit Organizations'. So, what should we do now??? The answer lies with people of this planet- Come up with own international climate deal- A pact by people. The propose pact should be based on climate science & social justice. From years, we hear about emission target cut by each country. Rather than sticking on those statistics, we can make it very simple. Let's people set a timetable for closure of polluted mines, tar sand pipeline etc. Let help those people who are less contributing to this problem but most affected, help them to get their land & have control over water, food & energy. Start from grassroots, a shared global agreement under which people from bottom can plan their goals & set their actions. Such plan was initiated recently by people movement on climate change & IBON. Though it is bumpy road ahead & Denmark was place of climatic sin. Our ability to support each other is limited and strength of movement varies across the world but it cannot stop our imagination & creativity. People movement can be led by action. Meeting like Copenhagen is useful but we were not expecting COP15 to provide all answers. Copenhagen is not over yet, It is just a beginning…
control, poverty or unemployment. The need of hour is every individual of every country will need to contribute in prevention of climate change. NATIONAL SOLAR MISSION P R O M O T E T H E DEVELOPMENT AND USE OF SOLAR ENERGY FOR P O W E R G E N E R AT I O N ALONG WITH SOLAR RESEARCH CENTRE & I N C R E A S E D I N T E R N AT I O N A L COLLABORATION
NATIONAL MISSION FOR ENHANCED ENERGY EFFICIENCY EMPHASIZE ON DECREASE IN ENERGY CONSUMPTION WITH A SYSTEM TO TRADE ENERGY CERTIFICATES , FINANCING FOR PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP
NATIONAL MISSION ON SUSTAINABLE HABITAT FOCUSES ON ENERGY CONSERVATION BUILDING CODE, STRENGTHENING AUTOMOTIVE FUEL ECONOMY STANDARD & INCENTIVE ON PUBLIC T R A N S P O R TAT I O N & PURCHASE OF EFICIENT VEHICLE.
NATIONAL WATER MISSION E N C O M PA S S E S 2 0 % IMPROVEMENT IN WATER USE EFFICIENCY THROUGH PRICING & OTHER M E A S U R E . N AT I O N A L WATER POLICY WILL BE REVIEWED TO ENSURE STRATGIES TO DEAL WITH RAIN VARIABILTY & RAIN FLOWS DUE TO CLIMATE CHANGE.
NATIONAL MISSION FOR SUSTAINING HIMALAYAN ECOSYSTEM FOCUSES TO PREVENT MELTING OF HIMALAYAN GLACIER & PROTECT DIVERSITY IN HIMALAYAN REGION. AN OBERVATIONAL & MONITORING NETWORK WILL DEVELOP TO ASSESS
GREEN INDIA MISSION AIMS AT AFFORESTATION OF 6 MILLION HECTARES OF DEGRADED FOREST LANDS & E X PA N D F O R E S T COVERING FROM 23 TO 33 % OF INDIA'S TERRITORY.THE M I S S I O N W I L L H AV E SUPPORT OF COMMUNITY & J O I N T F O R E S T MANAGEMENT COMMITEE
NATIONAL MISSION FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE AIMS TO SUPPORT CLIMATE A D A P T A T I O N I N AGRICULTURE THROUGH DEVELOPMENT OF CLIMATE R E S I L I E N T C R O P S , E X PA N S I O N O F W E AT H E R I N S U R A N C E MECHANISM & AGRICULTURE PRACTICES
NATIONAL MISSION ON STRATEGIC KNOWLEDGE FOR CLIMATE CHANGE F O C U S S E S T O WA R D S BETTER UNDERSTANDING O F C L I M AT E C H A N G E , I M PA C T S / C H A L L E N G E S AND CLIMATE SCIENCE RESEARCH FUND ALONG W I T H I N T E R N AT I O N A L C O L L A B O R AT I O N & PRIVATE SECTOR.
THIS ARTICLE IS CONTRIBUTED BY DR. HARSHAL T. PANDVE,, DR. D. Y. PATIL MEDICAL COLLEGE, PUNE . PLEASE ALSO SEE: 24 RECENT INITIATIVES RELATED TO CLIMATE CHANGvE ON WEBSITE OF MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT & FORESTS
Fact: Delegates, journalists, activists and observers from
IPCC NEEDS OVERHAUL
almost 200 countries have gathered at the Dec 7-18 Copenhagen summit and their travel and work created 46,200 tonnes of carbon dioxide, most of it from their flights. Source: Reuters
Fact: A temperature rise of 2 to 3.5° in India would reduce farmers' incomes by between 9 and 25%.Source: DFID
NATIONAL ACTION PLAN ON CLIMATE CHANGE
COP FLOP WHAT'S NEXT??
National Action Plan on Climate Change (of India) focuses on retirement of coal fired power, mandatory purchase of grid based power from renewable sources, energy audits, energy labeling programme along with 8 mission (mentioned below). By releasing NAPCC indian government shows its commitment to address climate change. though it is fairly comprehensive in its coverage & cross sectoral links through national mission but it lacks depth, vision & urgency it puts economic development ahead of emission target . There is no durable plan which include poorest & most vulnerable. Climate change is a global issue; it should not be looked as population
As expected by activist of climate that Copenhagen is going to give chaotic outcome. World has witnessed the desperate, miserable affair being played out at COP15. We watched leaders of world tried to deviate from their climate commitments while blaming each other. Copenhagen was not only gathering of two weeks. It was seen on streets & squats of city. Failure
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Climate engineering refers to slow down the increasing temperature of the earth. It is thought that if we can slow down the process in which the earth heats up, those potential disasters that would be caused by global warming would be prevented. As of right now, there are two ideas floating around that relates to how we would stop the earth from heating more than it already has- One is block or limit the amount of sunlight that it hitting the earth (This could be done by either cloud brightening, which is the process of making more clouds).Other is to remove massive amounts of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. Currently, it is thought that cloud blocking would be the better option of the two because there are already methods to create more clouds and due to the fact
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that it would provide quicker results than removing large quantities of carbon dioxide. These are just two niche areas that are being looked at in order to stop or limit global warming.
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Between the undying controversy that was "Climategate" and the near failure of the Copenhagen summit on global warming, 2009 was not a great year for climate scientists or activists. Few months into 2010, isn't looking much better for IPCC(The U.N. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change).IPCC faced with criticism of a widely quoted piece of analysis from its 2007 climate assessment that warned that Himalayan glaciers could melt by 2035, (IPCC) was forced to admit to relying on dubious scientific sources, apologized and retracted its earlier estimate. The IPCC needs a complete overhaul. The structure and process are past their sell-by dates. It needs radical reform to dissolve the IPCC after the Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) in 2014. The work would be split into three types of assessment and evaluation, each rather different to the three existing IPCC working groups. The first group is called a Global Science Panel that would monitor the Earth system and put out a larger number of “smaller, sharply focused” reports on a rolling basis. The reports would be short, on the order of 50 pages. The second group would be made up of “Regional Evaluation Panels” and focus on the specific climate change effects on 5