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Drawing Board 2 evoking a strong visual impression, your subject will look unstable, as though he might fall backwards. Let the calcaneus protrude a little to remind your viewer it’s back there (see Image 2, part A, at right). The tarsal group and the calcaneus are hinged on the malleolus (ankle) joints, creating a spring-loaded, shock-absorbing arch.

THE ARCHING OF THE FOOT The degree of the arch varies among people, as do other foot characteristics. For placement reference, the apex of the arch is very close to the place where the foot hinges on the ankle (see Image 2, part B, at right). This apex is at the largest tarsal bone, known as the “navicular,” named for the way that it curves like the bottom of a boat. The lateral or outward-facing side of the foot tends to rest on the ground, while the medial side or inside of the foot is raised by this arch. As you may have noticed from your footprints, the foot, when viewed from the bottom, has an overall paisley shape, curving inward, or medially, toward the center of the body (see Image 3, at right, and Controlled Burn, page 10).

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B C NOTTICE TH N THE E OVER OVER VERLAP LAP AP P

3 CALCAN CAL A CAN CANEUS EU EUS

CALCAN CAL A CA CANEU CAN CANEUS EU EUS U

TARSAL TAR SALS S

MET E ATA ATARSA RS S LS

O GR O UN D FL AT T

DIGITS OF THE FOOT Quite unlike the thumb, the first digit, or the big toe, of the foot is in line with the other digits. On most people, it can flex independently of the other toes but is denied the lateral flexibility of the thumb. Other primates do have an opposable big toe for gripping, making it appear that they walk on another pair of hands! The longest toe varies from person to person. The second toe runs along the centerline of the foot and was classically represented as being the longest. Egyptians, however, represented the five toes in a steady taper of length, and some theories suggest that one’s ancestral origins can be traced through the pattern of the toes. Built into the toes, as in the fingers, is a subtle S-shaped grip. While the second through fifth toes point downward toward the ground, the big toe points straight out to the front and even slightly upward (see Image 2, part

A

RAISED RAISED ARCH ARC H

HEADS HE S OF F MET E ATA AT RSA RS LS CRE R ATE A “BALL ALLLS OF FEE FEET” T FLATT TO FLA TO GROUND GROUND

C, at top). Drawing feet may always keep you on your toes, but a few of these tips can start you off on the right ... well, in the right direction. ■

STEPHEN CEFALO lives and works in North Carolina. See more at stephencefalo.com.

The artist's magazine easyindochinatravel  

ART AND COMMERCE are supposed to be at odds, but even purists acknowledge that the tradition of patronage— worldly popes, vainglorious kings...

The artist's magazine easyindochinatravel  

ART AND COMMERCE are supposed to be at odds, but even purists acknowledge that the tradition of patronage— worldly popes, vainglorious kings...

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