A Sea of Opportunity KZN Sharksboard Ushaka Marine World Lifesaving SA
In this issue Whatâ€™s happenning in KZN? see inside! Learn how to cope with bullying... and more!
Explore uShaka’s New Sea Animal Encounters Turn the tide with a never to be forgotten encounter with the enchanting creatures of the deep on uShaka’s new Sea Animal Encounters. Recently launched this magical marine mystery world offers a whole new set of experiences – unique opportunities to get up close and personal with our beautiful ocean and its inhabitants. This will be like nothing you have ever done before – it’s closer, one-on-one and, quite literally, hands-on. Feed our fish at the Fish Feed(R48) at the Open Ocean exhibit. The Pompano and the Kingfish are the most likely to join the feast, although Tuna, Yellow tail, Barracuda, Shad and Rays could swing by for a snack. Visitors who are 12 years and over can walk in water that is only waist deep and find themselves surrounded by Spotted Eagle rays – then feed them by hand for just R120. Animal Encounter Island is also the perfect spot to meet one of uShaka’s enchanting Dolphins. For only R800, visitors 8 years and over can get up close and personal with one of the ocean's most incredible mammals.
CREDITS Editor Michelle Geel Design & Layout DE Design Studio Project Manager Nina Nodder Advertising Sales Priscilla September, Annalene Smit Associate Publisher Dave Eastwood
No article or any part of any article may be reproduced without the prior written permission of the publishers. The information provided and opinions expressed in this publication are provided in good faith but do not necessarily represent the opinions of this publication, the publisher or the editor. Neither this magazine, the publisher or the editor can be held legally liable in any way for damages of any kind whatsoever arising directly or indirectly from any facts or information provided or omitted in these pages, or from any statements made or withheld by this publication. SA Career Guide is published by Millennium Media (PTY) Ltd. All material contained herein, the concept, idea, and all intellectual rights are the sole ownership and under copyright of Millennium Media (Pty)Ltd, and may not be copied or reproduced in anyway. This disclaimer forms part of a full disclaimer that can be found at http://www.milmedia.co.za
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MARINE CAREERS A Sea of Possibilities
Students thinking about careers in the marine sciences often picture themselves working with dolphins or whales. Within the marine science fields however, only a few scientists specialize in that area. This section will introduce you to a wide range of marine career fields and to some of the people working in those fields.
Marine biology Marine biology is the study of marine organisms, their behaviours and their interactions with the environment. Because there are so many topics one could study within the field, many researchers select a particular interest and specialize in it. Specializations can be based on a particular species, organism, behaviour, technique or ecosystem. For example, marine biologists may choose to study a single species of clams, or all clams that are native to a climate or region. Oceanography The major disciplines of oceanography are geological oceanography, physical oceanography and chemical oceanography. Oceanographers and others involved in these disciplines often work together to unravel the mysteries and unknowns of ocean science. In reading about each of these sub-fields, keep in mind that some of the most important oceanographic discoveries have been made as a result of an integrated, multidisciplinary approach, often involving geologists, chemists, biologists, physical oceanographers and engineers. Ocean Engineering Ocean engineering provides an important link between the other oceanographic disciplines such as marine biology, chemical and physical oceanography, and marine geology and geophysics. Just as the interests of oceanographers have driven the demand for the design skills and technical expertise of ocean engineers, the innovations in instrumentation and equipment design made by ocean engineers have revolutionized the
field of oceanography. Social Science How do you compute the benefits of a beautiful day at the beach? What is the value of sunny skies overhead, warm sand between your toes, and splashing in the surf with your friends? More and more, decision makers are recognizing the importance of bringing human behaviour into the decision making process for coastal and ocean policy and the management of natural resources. This examination of human behaviour is social science. Understanding the “people side” of coastal and resource management – the people who live in a coastal community and what they care about – helps inform how policies will impact them and whether or not a policy will be effective. Examples of how the fields of social science relate to coastal issues include: • Economics can examine the potential financial impacts of weather and climate variability as a basis for planning and decision-making. Economics is used to estimate the value of a day at the beach or the value of surf boards that are sold.
to determining the success or failure of regulations or policies designed to protect the environment. As the number of environmental regulations continues to grow, the need for people who understand the science behind the regulations will increase.
• Sociology, anthropology, demography and geography can provide information on a population’s vulnerabilities and behavioural responses to weather risk and climate change. These disciplines can look at the number of elderly people at risk during a hurricane and the likelihood of whether or not they evacuate. • Psychology can interpret how people perceive the risks of an impending storm or whether or not they worry about rising sea levels. (Examples provided by NOAA’s Coastal Services Centre) Marine Policy Marine policy refers to courses of action that guide the present and future management and use of marine resources. Marine policy specialists work to ensure that these courses of action, or policies, protect the environment, marine life and humans. Marine policy and marine science are interrelated because good policy is based on accurate scientific information. Science - and an understanding of the way science works - is crucial
Related Fields There are many jobs in the field of marine science that do not fit into the categories of marine biology, oceanography, ocean engineering or social and policy science. Instead, these jobs may fit more than one category, or they may overlap other fields, such as education, communication or business. Many of these jobs are highly specialized and require very different educational backgrounds, experiences and skills. Some characteristics shared by people in virtually all marine-related careers include a love of the marine environment, a respect for the way the ocean works, and a sense of curiosity. Many people in the various fields of marine science like the sense of pioneering discovery, given the fact that much remains to be learned about the way the ocean works and the organisms that inhabit it. Others describe a feeling of accomplishment or satisfaction about their work, knowing that being involved in their field has or will make a difference for present and future generations.
There are countless possibilities for a marine-related career: marine educator, science writer, filmmaker, photographer, ecotourism guide, park ranger, beach superintendent, maritime or environmental lawyer, aquavet (veterinarians that specialize in marine or aquatic animals), marine archaeologist, marine historian, fundraiser or spokesperson, aquaculturist, manager of an agency specializing in marine or freshwater issues, marina manager, ship’s captain or mate, environmental planner, manager of a land conservation organization or land trust, botanist, computer specialist with a marine or environmental organization, ecologist, hatchery specialist, landscape or maritime architect, and so on. If you like to write and you have a love for the water, ocean or environment, a career in environmental reporting, science or technical writing, communications, or public relations may be worth exploring. If you are a “people person,” enjoy teaching and public speaking, and don’t mind working long hours, a career in marine education may be for you. Even in the field of education, you can choose between formal education (a classroom or academic setting) and informal education (for example, aquaria, museums, nature or science centers, parks or wildlife refuges). If you love fish
and have considered a career as a doctor, perhaps you should consider becoming an aquavet or an aquaculture veterinarian. When thinking about careers, work environment is an important factor to consider. Marine-related job opportunities exist in virtually every setting: within government, private industry, academia (schools, colleges, and universities), business and non-profit organizations, to name a few. The positions available may be similar, but the actual day-today responsibilities can differ greatly, depending on which avenue you choose. For example, a ship captain could choose to work for the federal government commanding a U.S. Navy ship, for a private oceanographic research institution commanding a research vessel, or for a museum or aquarium commanding a visitor’s tour boat. While the job title may be similar, the job description could vary greatly. And, don’t forget, the best job will be one that combines your interests and skills. Consider what makes you happy. Do you like: working independently or being around others? Working at your own pace or in a more structured environment?
Flexible hours or a typical work day with a lunch hour, paid vacations and sick time? Travelling or staying close to home? Supervising and leading others or reporting to a supervisor? Working in a team setting or on your own? Being outdoors in all weather conditions, inside at a desk, or a combination? Having a career that makes you feel good about yourself and your responsibilities is very important. After all, it wouldn’t be enjoyable to get up and go to work every day if you didn’t like what you were doing.
organizations, consulting firms, and owning their own businesses. Many factors influence job opportunities in these areas, including the economy, funding and distribution of government support. Career Outlook In addition to being good scientists and The marine sciences offer many educational and employment opportunities. But engineers, today’s researchers must also be good writers and speakers. Not only what are the chances of finding a job in do researchers need to submit proposals your field of choice? to funding sources in an attempt to get Your ability to land a job in the marine financial support for their research, they sciences will depend on many factors. must also present their results to colAnd, while some of those factors will be leagues, decision-makers, students and out of your control, it’s important to prepare yourself as best you can. Through- funding sources. out this website, a few key messages Careers in Academia were repeated by several of the scienWithin an academic setting, there are tists profiled in their responses to the basically three possibilities for employquestion about what advice they have to offer. Their advice is based on experi- ment: research and training, teaching ence, so you may want to heed their ad- and research, and teaching and modest research. Most positions require at least vice as you make important educational a master’s degree, and preference is and career decisions. generally given to those holding a Ph.D. While a research career at a university Research Careers (consisting of research and training) was Students interested in pursuing a reonce considered the “traditional” career search career may find opportunities in path for Ph.D. graduates in the marine academia, industry, government, nonsciences, changes in the academic world profit and non-governmental
coupled with funding uncertainties have made this path far less predictable. An increasing number of Ph.D. graduates are working in colleges where teaching is the focus of the position and research is secondary or minimal. Such settings include four-year colleges, junior colleges and community colleges. A study commissioned by the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) found that Ph.D. graduates are finding non-academic jobs more easily than academic research positions. According to the study, that includes jobs in non traditional occupations -- patent law, science policy and administration, the media, investment firms and novel educational settings. Also noted was a growth of employment in medical research industries, including biotechnology, research supplies and pharmaceutical companies. While academia is still the largest employer for Ph.D. recipients, statistics may
be misleading. The NAS study identified a recent trend that may be boosting employment figures for graduates: the â€œpost docâ€? or post doctoral position. Traditionally, a post doc is the first job taken by a Ph.D. graduate in a research or academic institution. Some graduates find that they have to take back-to-back post doc positions to stay employed. And post docs, once seen as a fall-back job, are getting harder to come by. Thank you to the University of New Hampshire Sea Grant and Marine Careers for the Info provided in this article. http://www.marinecareers.net/ and www. seagrant.unh.edu
Both courses have entry requirements to be met, the main one being the ability to swim 400m without stopping, in under 8 minutes. Find the club closest to you on the website: http://lifesaving.co.za/contactClub or contact LSA on: 031 312 9251
CAREER FOCUS Sea Animal Encounters Manager
Where did you study and what? I studied in Congo DRC, doing math and science. In 2007 I decided to do my commercial diving course with the Professional diving centre in SA and later I qualified as Sea Trek helmet Diving instructor (ocean walker instructor) through Sub Sea Systems.
Why did you choose your current career path? I chose my current career after I looked at the growing trend towards eco- tourism and family recreation. I wanted to be the one, out of the million black Africans, who contributed to the educated the world about the importance of our ocean Reefs by guarding them while doing the underunder water activities with stingray, dolphins, sharks,â€Ś experience that they will talk about for the rest of their lives
Does the Industry and/or your position, face gender bias? Not at all
Describe your average day at work: I work 8 hours per day with most of my time spent interacting with clients, diving or snorkelling. However, the first 2 hours of the morning I call office time, which is mostly spent attending to client needs.
What gave you your drive to succeed? My team mate, family support and my kids that need my support!
What are your career goals? My career goals are to develop myself to become the underwater Ocean Helmets coordinator in Africa.
What has been the best career advice that you have been given? My best career advice was to focus and never to give up. What do you think is necessary to be successful in your career? I always tell myself is to never allow getting a second chance to make a first impression!
What are the most enjoyable aspects of your position? The most enjoyable aspects of my position are when I can put my wetsuit on and make someone smile and make them want to come back the next day.
Saying NO: Breaking the bullying cycle What is Bullying?
bullying, the instigator attempts to physically dominate another teen. This usually includes kicking, punching and other physically harmful activities, designed to instill fear in the one bullied, and possible coerce him or her to do something.
Bullying includes behaviours that focus on making someone else feel inadequate, or belittling someone else. Bullying includes harassment, physical harm, repeatedly demeaning speech and efforts to ostracize another person. BulVerbal Bullying: When someone verlying is active, and is done with the inten- bally bullies another, he or she uses tion of bringing another person down. demeaning language to tear down anotherâ€™s self-image. Bullies who use verbal There are various kinds of bullying: techniques excessively tease others, say belittling things and use a great deal of sarcasm with the intent to hurt the other Physical Bullying: This is the most obvious form of bullying. In this type of personâ€™s feelings or humiliate the other
teen in front of others. Emotional: This is even more subtle than verbal bullying. Teenage bullying that includes emotional methods aims at getting someone else to feel isolated, alone and may even prompt depression. This type of bullying is designed to get others to ostracize the person being bullied. Cyber Bullying: Electronic bullying is becoming a very real problem for teens. This type of bullying uses instant messaging, cell phone text messages and online social networks to humiliate and embarrass others. This can be especially devastating to the people being bullied, since they cannot even find a safe place in the virtual world. Are you being bullied? There are many things you can do if you’re being bullied. Different strategies can work in different situations. You can try and work it out by yourself. But if the bullying doesn’t stop, you might find it helpful to ask someone else for advice. Don’t be afraid to let someone know that you are being bullied—other people can be a great help. If you are being bullied at school, find a trusted teacher (or past teacher), school psychologist, guidance counsellor, or administrator with whom you can speak. If you are being bullied at work, seek out a supervisor or a human resources manager. Working it out yourself Depending on how bad the bullying is (and as long as you aren’t feeling unsafe, frightened or physically threat-
ened), you could decide to try and work it out by yourself first. Try and remember that no matter how hard you try, the bully might not be willing to change his or her behaviour. At this point, talking to someone else can be really helpful. The following tips might be particularly helpful if you’re dealing with verbal bullying on your own: When possible, ignore the bully. Ignoring can be helpful, particularly for one-time cases. Bullies are looking for a reaction from you and often lose interest if they aren’t given the satisfaction of making you upset.
Suggestions for ignoring the bully: • Walk away when the bully approaches you. Try and imagine that you’re walking away from a friend. This can be a way of making sure your body language (which you’re usually unaware of) doesn’t give away a sense of fear; • Concentrate on something else. Try thinking about what you’ll do next weekend, counting to 100, or planning your homework; • Have a saying or a statement that you can repeat in your head when the bully approaches you to block out a sense of fear. Build a wall around you. It might be helpful to build an invisible wall around you by visualizing it in your mind. Any verbal abuse then just bounces off the wall.
Surround yourself with people who care about you Surrounding yourself with positive people who know and like you for YOU can boost your confidence. This will help you let bullying comments more easily roll off your back. It’s important that you connect with people who genuinely care for you and recognize all of your great qualities. Hang around other people You might be safer if you stay in groups. If you are alone, try to identify people who can offer you safety. Be confident Bullies usually pick on people that they think are weaker than they are, so it might help if you stand up to them. Suggestions on how to stand up to a bully:
• Telling him or her to leave you alone Use visualization. Bullies can be pretty may get a bully off your back; scary. Picturing that person looking silly • Ever heard of the phrase “kill them might help to make them less problemwith kindness”? Being nice to a bully atic for you. For example, picture the may throw him or her off; bully’s head shrinking, or picture the bully • Using humour can also throw a bully in his or her underwear. off track; • Use positive self-talk. Try saying to Stay positive yourself something like I know I am It can be hard to remember all your better than that. I’m not like that. I good points when someone is doing their don’t have to pick on other people to best to be negative. Try to think of all the know that I am good; things you do well, and remember that • Remember that your friends accept you are a valuable person. Thinking of you for who you are. how bad the bully must be feeling can also help you stay positive.
Keep out of a bully’s way It might be possible for you to avoid the bully. This can mean getting to school in a different way, or avoiding the places that you know he or she hangs out. By avoiding a bully, you’re not giving in, but looking after yourself and making sure you are happier and more comfortable. Asking someone for help To stop bullying—whether verbal, written or cyber bullying — it can be helpful to tell someone that you are being bullied. This can seem scary at first, but telling someone can lighten your load and help you to work out how to solve the problem. Talking to someone is particularly important if you feel unsafe or frightened, or if you don’t have many friends. Asking for help or talking to someone about your situation is not being weak or “giving in.” In fact, telling someone can take a lot of strength and courage. There are many people who might be able to help, including friends, older brothers and sisters, teachers, family, counsellors or parents. Teachers and counsellors are specially trained to help you. In the workplace, you could also talk to a human resource manager or union representative.
memory. It’s important that you identify coping strategies that work for you: think about what makes you happy or calms you and try to incorporate those things into your life. In the moment, use strategies that help you act appropriately and feel better. It can be a mantra you repeat to yourself or taking calming breaths. In the long term, there are a number of ways we can help ourselves cope with the feelings bullying creates: exercise, watching funny movies, talking to friends, playing with the family pet… Find something that works for you and if it helps, even make a list of those things so you can remember all of the activities you’ve found helpful.
Some tips for getting help • It might be easier if you talk to someone you know well and trust. This person can give you much needed Identify strategies that work for YOU. support and might have suggestions There are a number of ways to cope with for dealing with the situation that you the sadness, anger, fear, and isolation might not have considered. that can accompany bullying. This can • If you decide to talk to a teacher or be something as simple as counting to counsellor, you might feel more comten or thinking of your favourite, happy fortable taking a friend with you. If
• you feel you might get too nervous to speak, write down what you’d like to say on paper or in an e-mail. Don’t feel ashamed about coming forwardteachers and counsellors are there to help. • If you think that the person you’re speaking with doesn’t believe you, or isn’t taking you seriously, or if that person doesn’t help you take action, it doesn’t mean that your feelings aren’t valid or that the bullying should continue. It’s important you tell someone else and continue to do so until you get the help you need. • Being bullied can be upsetting and stressful, and it can affect your life in many different ways, including your self-esteem, relationships, work and education. If you are feeling particularly overwhelmed,
• it is important that you seek help from a mental health professional such as a social worker, psychologist, or psychiatrist. There is no shame in asking for help. • Remember, if you are in any danger of hurting yourself or someone else, it is vital that you ask for help immediately. Your rights Remember that everyone has the right to live, work, study and play in an environment free from bullying, harassment, discrimination and violence. No one deserves or asks to be bullied.
CAREER FOCUS Senior Scientist
Where did you study and what? University of Zimbabwe- BSc Honours in Geomatics University of Cape Town â€“MSc Engineering University of Cape Town- PhD Why did you choose your current career path? I was always interested in a career that involved addressing environmental issues. I also enjoyed problem solving. Describe your average day at work My average day is mostly computer work; I use computers to process and analyse geographical data, create databases and maps and occasionally I go to the field to survey and collect data. The work also involves lots of reading, researching and report writing. Does the Industry and/or your position, face gender bias? Yes there is generally some gender bias in the industry because it is a male-dominated industry but not at my company. What has been the best career advice that you have been given? Never stop learning
What do you think is necessary to be successful in your career? Hardworking, an analytical mind, good problem solving skills and the flexibility and organisational skills to work on different projects at one once What gave you your drive to succeed? As a woman, I wanted to break the stereotype in the engineering industry and prove that I am capable What are the most enjoyable aspects of your position? Addressing a variety of challenges related to geological and environmental problems makes the job less tedious because there is constantly a new challenge to address and a problem to solve. What qualifications do I need? BSc Geomatics/GIS What have been your Career highlights? Managing a multi-million rand project.
Council for Geoscience Providing Earth Science Solutions The Council for Geoscience has been mandated as a Scientific Research Council; to provide for the promotion of research and the extension of knowledge in the field of geoscience. The CGS has to promote research and exploitation of, any mineral in the Republic, to undertake research in the field of geoscience and to furnish specialized geoscientific services. MISSION AND VALUES The CGS provides expert geoscience services and solutions in South Africa and abroad, with the intention of contributing towards then creation of a prosperous society. The specific areas of scientific services include: • Geophysics • Seismology • Geochemistry • Minerals Development • Information collection management • Spatial Data management • Engineering Geoscience • Water Geoscience • Environmental Geoscience • Marine Geoscience • Geological mapping If you are interested in a career with the CGS please contact us. Contact information Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Tel: +27 (0)12 841 1911 Fax: +27 (0)12 841 1221 Physical address: 280 Pretoria Street Silverton Pretoria Postal address: Private bag x112 Pretoria 0184 Website : www.geoscience.org.za
280 Pretoria Street, Silverton, Pretoria 0184 | Private Bag X112, Pretoria, South Africa 0184 | www.geoscience.org.za
Council for Geoscience Applied Geoscience Solutions
CAREER FOCUS Certified Fraud Examiner
Where did you study and what? FASSET - 2010 Advanced Certificate Fraud Examination UNISA - College Of Law 2006 Bachelor of Arts (Police Science) UNISA - Centre For Business Management 2006 Programme in Financial Management UNISA - Centre For Business Management 2005 SAIM) Programme in Business Management Why did you choose your current career path? I grew up in the Policing environment but also had a keen interest in business. I guess that my current career path gives me exposure to both worlds Describe your average day at work? My day normally starts at 2:00 in the morning when I work on tasks that requires no interruptions. My day from 7:30 to 17:00 is filled with strategic meetings with my management team and partners in my Network. Does the Industry and/or your position, face gender bias? In the past maybe, today however I see more a focus on skills and ability than on gender
What has been the best career advice that you have been given? Enthusiasm for what you do carries more value than the outcome of the activity you are involve in. Furthermore, investing in your people is the best investment you will ever make! What do you think is necessary to be successful in your career? Enthusiasm for what I do, the believe that success is Grace based and having a strong team supporting me What gave you your drive to succeed? The belief that what I do makes a difference in peopleâ€™s lives What are the most enjoyable aspects of your position? Seeing growth in the company and in the employees Advice for people considering this career. Be prepared to work while others sleep and keep the passion no matter the circumstances of obstacles your face
Your vote is your voice: Make it heard! South Africa has one of the youngest populations in the world. According to recent statistics by Stats SA, nearly two-thirds of our population of 53 million people is under the age of 35 and nearly 40% of our population was born after 1994. But these statistics are not reflected in the voters’ roll. In the 2014 national electionsthe overall registration level was 80% of the eligible population – which is pretty high by international standards. But while registration levels for voters older than 40 years old was over 95%, registration levels for voters aged under 30 years old was under 50% and the registration level was for voters aged 18 and 19 which was a pretty dismal 15%. Currently there are only about 289 000
registered voters aged 18 and 19 – out of an eligible population of approximately 2 million! That’s our challenge as we get ready to host the 2016 Municipal Elections. If we are to ensure that our hard-won democracy continues to survive and thrive, we must get more young South Africans involved in the entire electoral process. The good news is that when it comes to youth participation our voting statistics show that once young people are registered they have higher turnout levels than any other groups.In 2014 the turnout for voters aged 18 and 19 was 83%, which is 10% higher than the average. So if we can just get young people to register, they are highly likely to turn up to vote on election day!
How can you help us? 1. Every vote counts! Spread the word that registering and voting in this year’s Municipal Elections is not only our civic responsibility but uber cool!Those people who believe that their single vote won’t make a difference should think twice. Each vote counts in an election, especially in a “first past the post” system for ward councillors. Did you know that in the last municipal elections in 2011 almost 400 wards councillors were elected by fewer than 250 votes? 2. Local is lekker! If you think municipal elections are not as important as national elections, think again! Local government is at the coalface of the delivery of services and amenities throughout our country and directly affectsa community’s quality of life through providing essential services such as: • Water • Electricity connections • Sanitation services • Critical infrastructure like roads and parks • Safety and security 3. Your future is in your hands. If you don’t vote, you are leaving the future of your community, your town and your country in other peoples’ hands. Would you trust other people with your pin number for your bank card or your phone? Probably not, right? So why trust other people to decide your future? Your vote is yours – you’ve earned this awesome right by being a citizen of South Africa and turning 18. Don’t waste it. 4. Don’t’ suffer from FOMO!
Still not convinced about whether you will vote? Ok…but at least register so that come election day you have the choice whether to vote or not. The voters’ roll for the elections closes on the day the elections are proclaimed. If you are not on the roll then there is no chance of participating – even if you want to later! So get on the roll!! 5. Use social media to show you care – and you’re cool When you register and vote, spread the word among your friends using social media. All the cool people will the ones showing off a selfie of their inked thumb on election day. How about you? 6. Your future is in your hands – follow our campaign Our election campaign is fully digital and on social media – follow the campaign on Facebook at IECSouthAfrica or on Twitter @IECSouthAfriaca and #2016MunicipalElections. Check out our adverts on Youtube and find links to all the sites and info you need at elections.org.za
When: 8am to 5pm Saturday 5 March and Sunday 6 March 2016 Where: The voting station in the voting district where you ordinarily reside. Call 0800 11 8000 (7am to 9pm weekdays) or dial *120*432# or visit elections.org.za to find your correct voting station. What do you need: Your official Home Affairs ID (either a smart ID card, a green barcoded ID book or a valid Temporary Identity Certificate) How long: It takes just a couple of minutes – you fill in one application form and we scan your ID. That’s it! More info: Call 0800 11 8000 or you can get hold of our Contact Centre agents via Twitter and Facebook between 7am and 9pm weekdays
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UP FOR A RUN? Going out for a quick, daily run may be just as effective as a longdistance jaunt when it comes to prolonging your life, said a study. Running as little as five to 10 minutes per day can significantly cut the risks of getting heart disease and dying young, said the findings in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology. People who exercised by running showed a 30 percent lower risk of death and a 45 percent lower risk of dying from cardiovascular disease than people who did not run at all. Runners could be expected to live about three years longer on average than nonrunners. Even more, the benefits of running were the same whether people ran a little or a lot, fast or slow.
There was no statistically significant difference among those who ran 50 minutes per week and those who ran 180 minutes per week, it found. Nor did it matter if the running was happening at a pace of less than 10km/h. Even these minimal runners and slow joggers fared far better than people who did not run at all. â€œSince time is one of the strongest barriers to participate in physical activity, the study may motivate more people to start running,â€? said lead author Duck-chul Lee, an assistant professor in the Iowa State University Kinesiology Department. The study was based on more than 55
000 adults – average age 44 – in Texas who were followed for 15 years. Most were white; about one quarter of those in the study were women. For the analysis, researchers broke the participants into six groups: non-runners and five groups of runners according to weekly running time, distance, frequency and speed. “Even the lowest quintiles of weekly running distance (six miles or less), frequency (one to two times)… and speed (less than 6mph) had significantly lower risks of all-cause mortality compared with not running,” the study said. “Similar trends were observed with the risk of cardiovascular disease mortality.” Studies have shown that globally, between 40 percent and 80 percent of the public does not exercise enough. US health authorities recommend 75 minutes per week of vigorous exercise, or 150 minutes (a half hour a day, five
days a week) of moderate-intensity exercise. “Although such low compliance with physical activity guidelines could be due to unawareness of the strong benefits of exercise, it is also possible that the standard is perceived as being too high, which could deter many people from even trying,” said an accompanying editorial. “Instead, establishing goals that can be attained with minimal effort becomes important.” Researchers also found that when comparing running to walking, a five-minute run brought the same health benefits as a 15-minute walk. A previous study in The Lancet in 2011 showed that brisk walking for 15 minutes a day – half the recommended time amount – could also add three years to a person’s life. – Sapa-AFP
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Ground Floor, 136 Margaret Mncadi Avenue, (Victoria Embankment), Durban, 4001 * Tel: 031 3077 944 * www.yachtsman.co.za * Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
CAREER FOCUS Sailing Instructor
Where did you study and what? University of Cape Town - Graphic Design. Atlantic Yachting Sailing Academy - Yacht Master, SAS and RYA Why did you choose your current career path? I have never been too keen on spending all day behind a desk and I have always had a love for being out on the ocean. So I put two and two together and ended up here after travelling and working on boats all over the world in places like Croatia, Seychelles and the Greek Islands. Describe your average day at work? Every day is different. We usually spend the first part of the day in the lecture rooms and end up on the boats at around lunch time, finishing at around 4:30 each day. Does the Industry and/or your position, face gender bias? Not at all What has been the best career advice that you have been given? Trust your gut. Everybody is able to help you in one way or another so do as many favours as possible. What do you think is necessary to be successful in your career? A good work ethic and people skills.
What qualifications do I need? Relevant sailing qualifications. SAMSA Commercial Endorsement. Port Operators Certificate. Radiotelephone Operatorâ€™s Certificate. What challenges have you had to overcome? Sailing without or with too much wind can be very challenging. What are your career goals? To gain as much experience and visit as many different places as possible. I want to be an interesting person to speak to. Advice for people considering this career? Youâ€™ll have to be understanding and patient because some people can be a little more difficult than others. Remember to put on sunscreen and get your hands on a big hat.
CAREER FOCUS Oceanographic Researcher
Why did you choose this career? I had an interest in nature/wildlife from a young age. Having frequented many game reserves in my childhood, this interest strengthened over time and there was no other career path I could imagine. From the age of 5 I can remember having my bird field guide and binoculars handy wherever I went. While most other kids read non-fiction books and/or were playing computer games, I was reading field guidesof nature and exploring my surroundings. What training did you undergo, and where? I studied a generalBachelor of SciSci ence (BSc) degree in ecology at the University of KwaZulu-Natal (UKZN) in Pietermaritzburg. I continued my studies with Honours in ecology and finally at Masters (MSc) level I converted to a marine orientated degree in biological and conservation sciences with a particular interest in marine biology (fisheries science). What does your job entail? I am a fisheries scientist with a particular interest in linefish resource management and marine protected areas What do you enjoy most? I enjoy being out in the fielddiving, fishing and collecting relevant fisheries data from the oceans and estuaries.
Describe an average day. Despite what many people think, marine biologistâ€™s spend a large proportion of their time (about 85%) in an office behind a computer analysing data and writing up project reports, proposals, articles and papers. So an average day would be spent doing this. However, when we are in the field, we spend time collecting data, often for hours either on the beach or offshore on a boat. This can be tough at times, especially if the weather is bad. However, my moto is any bad day in the field is better than any good day spent in the office! 3 important qualities that your position requires? One has to be passionate about what you do, have a love and understanding of nature and be able to teach. Itâ€™s pointless doing research if you cannot share and teach others about it. In 1 sentence, describe your job? I am a fisheries scientist with a particuparticu lar interest in linefish resource management and marine protected areas
Junior Science Processing Developer Where did you study and what? I studied Bsc Computer Science and Biochemistry at the University of Fort Hare and completed an Honours degree in Computer Science. Describe your average day at work? My average day always starts with a cup of coffee, check my emails, and do other admin. It revolves around debugging and fixing problems in hardware, writing software, doing research and work on completing my thesis.
What gave you your drive to succeed? My family, most importantly my parents. Seeing them smile, their words of motivation and encouragement, being able to support them in any way possible, hearing my parents say â€œthank youâ€? because I have done Does the industry and/or your po- something that drives me to do more. sition, face gender bias? My daughter, knowing that I am no The industry does face gender equal- longer living for myself but I have ity; however over the few months that someone that I need to support and be a role model to. I have been working at SKA SA I have not encountered any gender reWhat do you think is more imporlated issues. tant: experience or training? I think both of them are important What has been the best career advice that you have been given? which is why I am doing them simultaDo what you can with what you have, neously. work hard, aim high, plan, stay foWhat qualifications do you need for cused, believe in yourself and always this job? remember the important things first. Bsc Computer Science/a Bsc degree in Electrical Engineering or ElectronWhat do you think is necessary to ics be successful in your career? A lot of hard work, dedication, willingness, eagerness to learn, creativity, sacrifice, passion and being able to face challenges.
SKA SA University of KwaZulu-Natal Postgraduate students
Heather Prince, Onkabetse Sengate and Dr Tabitha Voytek are all postgraduate students at the University of KwaZuluNatal studying with bursaries from the Square Kilometre Array South Africa (SKA SA). Having recently participated in the tenth annual Square Kilometre Array Postgraduate Bursary Conference held in Stellenbosch where they presented their research, they are some of the bright young stars that is being supported by SKA SA.
Heather Prince “I really did not know what I wanted to do after matric. I knew that I wanted to go into academia and do research, but I just was not sure in which direction,” says Heather Prince, a 24-year old master’s student in the University of KwaZulu-Natal’s Astrophysics and Cosmology Research Unit. As a first year student she applied to study social science at Rhodes University, but it was during orientation week that the pure science lights went on for her. “I listened to some subject talks and thought science sounded really cool and the physics and science ones were more appealing to me. That is how I came to choose science - maths and science were more appealing to me,” she says. After majoring in mathematics, physics and computer science for her BSc degree at Rhodes, she joined the University of KwaZulu-Natal as an honours student in cosmology, whereafter she continued to do her master’s, also at the University of KwaZulu-Natal. Last year she won an award for best Masters of Science Oral Presentation in the Astrophysics track at the annual South African Institute of Physics conference in Johannesburg. This year she presented her research in Gravitational lensing of the Cosmic Microwave Background: techniques and applications at the SKA SA Postgraduate Bursary Conference. “I am interested in studying the Universe and understanding it, but I am not tied down to a specific cosmological probe. I want to know about all the different ways in which we can probe the Universe,” says Prince. “I am excited by what the SKA will teach us about the Universe and hope that South Africa will become even wider known for radio astronomy. We are at the forefront of radio astronomy. Scientifically it will be a very exciting time because we will just have so much more information available about the Universe,” she concludes.
Onkabetse OnkabetseSengate Sengate Onkabetse Sengate (25) is currently in his second year of master’s studies in Physics at the UniOnkabetse Sengate (25) is currently in his second year of master’s studies in Physics at the University of KwaZulu-Natal. versity of KwaZulu-Natal. He is originally from Botswana and completed a BSc in Physics in 2012 at the University of BotHe is originally from Botswana and completed a BSc in Physics in 2012 at the University of Botswana. swana. “I first heard about the SKA project in 2011 while still studying in Botswana. When I heard about “I first heard about the SKA project in 2011 while still studying in Botswana. When I heard about our country’s involvement in the project, I was very interested in joining and I applied for SKA our country’s involvement in the project, I was very interested in joining and I applied for SKA scholarship,” he says. scholarship,” he says. His interest is in astrophysics and he conducted research on material science and geophysics durHis interest is in astrophysics and he conducted research on material science and geophysics during his undergraduate. ing his undergraduate. He presented his research at the SKA SA Postgraduate Bursary Conference on Using the JVLA He presented his research at the SKA SA Postgraduate Bursary Conference on Using the JVLA (Jansky Very Large Array) to remove CMB (cosmic microwave background) foregrounds. (Jansky Very Large Array) to remove CMB (cosmic microwave background) foregrounds. “We concentrate on the radiation left over after from Big Bang called CMB,through CMB we can “We concentrate on the radiation left over after from Big Bang called CMB,through CMB we can learn a lot about the universe around us. The problem however is that, is contaminated by other learn a lot about the universe around us. The problem however is that, is contaminated by other various emissions in the universe. My research project is about how to remove those signals from various emissions in the universe. My research project is about how to remove those signals from CMB so that we can extract accurate information from it. Currently I have been working on data CMB so that we can extract accurate information from it. Currently I have been working on data analysis of JVLA telescope taken using a super-drift scan that may later be used by SKA for largeanalysis of JVLA telescope taken using a super-drift scan that may later be used by SKA for largearea surveys” he says. area surveys” he says. Next he embarks on completing his PhD and hopes to continue to postdoctoral studies and conNext he embarks on completing his PhD and hopes to continue to postdoctoral studies and continue working with the SKA. “I also hope to continue my career in astrophysics,” he says. tinue working with the SKA. “I also hope to continue my career in astrophysics,” he says. His advice to young people is to study physics. “Physics is the basis of all science related subjects. His advice to young people is to study physics. “Physics is the basis of all science related subjects. For example, you need physics basics study lot of engineering degrees. Don’t be discouraged by For example, you need physics basics study lot of engineering degrees. Don’t be discouraged by people asking you ‘so what will you do with physics?’ There are many opportunities for physicists,” people asking you ‘so what will you do with physics?’ There are many opportunities for physicists,” he says. he says.
Guide to career opportunities across South Africa...