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Eastern Cape

Northern Cape Free State ISSUE

Other articles include: Brain Food - 20 Healthy affordable study snacks... Nurturing your love for nature... Planning a gap year after matric? and more!

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ry o t s s s e c c Be a su . 10 g p c i t tis not a sta 0 2 . s g p k c a n : S d o y o tud S e l b Brain F a d r Affo , y h t l a e 20 H 0 3 g p n assio p r u o y Nurturing e for natur 38 . g p y ighl h f o s t i 10 Hab ts n e d u t s e effectiv 46 . g p e r essu r p r e e p ith w g n i l a e D 52 . g p r a ye p a g a g n Planni ? c i r t a m r afte 58 . g p h out y l a r u r for Support 60 d n i f Where to ? a bursary

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Learn while you earn! You are now between the ages of 15 and 25… and you are wondering what next? • It is going to cost a fortune to go to University or college • Your future seems bleak with 3,9m Matric’s not employed • The failure rate at University is in the region of 60-70% • TVETS are busy re-aligning • Many qualified youth are sitting at home than employed • Jobs becoming fewer as the economy slows down • Crime, violence and unrest on the rise all over the country HAVE YOU THOUGHT OF LEARNING WHILST YOU EARN! The other day I read a few Global reports on millenials and you are one of them if you fall into the above age bracket – actually up to 35 but you will understand later in this article. Millenials are an estimated 91 million with the average age at 23… You are the most Tech Savvy of all the generations and focused on group work, lifestyle, relationships….. So where can you do that? The modern Trades need gifted, bright, innovative, and strong YOUNG DRIVEN people … IMPERIAL Technical Training Academy is recognised as The industry leader and largest private Technical Trades Training provider for the Auto and Auto related industries In South Africa with more than 1000 apprentices registered and training under 7 trades. experi The Automotive trades are one of the most advanced Trades in South Africa globally and currently experiencing a critical shortage in youngsters … These wheels need to be serviced, repaired, cared for, built, manufactured, assembled, replaced, or even modified and it takes sharp people… YOU! IMPERIAL is looking for YOU! We offer fully employed, full benefit JOB and “learn whilst you earn” trades in Automotive Light and Heavy Vehicle (petrol and Diesel), Motorcycle and Scooter, Forklift, Auto Electrical and Autotronics, Automotive Body Repair and Spray Painting. You see the challenge is for the IMPERIAL Technical Training Academies to provide a continuous supply of large numbers of qualified artisans for the Imperial Business Network, Many private clients and the Industry at large.

PHARMACIST'S ASSISTANTS Looking for a career after school? Did you pass Grade 10 with maths and English? After just 12 months you can have a qualification as a pharmacist's assistant. Two courses available: Basic and Post Basic Approved by: The South African Pharmacy Council Sectors: Community, Hospital, Distribution and Manufacturing

WHAT DOES A PHARMACIST'S ASSISTANT DO? Ÿ Work under close supervision of the pharmacist Ÿ Trained to advise the public on all self-medication issues Ÿ Assists the pharmacist with stock taking, storing of medicines, preparing and mixing medicines and filling prescriptions

THE QUALIFICATION WILL: Ÿ Allow access to the pharmaceutical environment Ÿ Equip learners with the core needs of the pharmaceutical environment Ÿ Explain the underlying principles of the pharmaceutical environment Ÿ Explain all the legal and ethical requirements of the sector Ÿ Provide the basic technical skills required in this field Ÿ Through a combination of theoretical exercises and workplace learning, develop skills that will directly improve performance in the work environment Candidates who wish to enrol must be working in a pharmacy under the supervision of a tutor pharmacist. Both the tutor and the premises must be approved and registered by the South African Pharmacy Council. Tel: 012 816 9000 Fax: 081 680 0671 E-mail: hsaenquiries@healthscience.co.za

BE A SUCCESS STORY not a statistic By Michelle Geel

“Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world� -Nelson Mandela

Life isn’t easy for everyone, and it isn’t always fair. A lot of kids have serious struggles to go through to ensure that they get to school every day. From poor or wealthy backgrounds, we all know people who put in the extra effort and time to ensure they get schooling to go further and succeed in life and get out of the circumstances they live in. Some young people face poverty, some hunger, some abuse. Some kids come from affluent homes where there are emotional or physical problems....but every single person can benefit from, and needs to try, to attend school to Matric and obtain the best possible results, regardless of what is going on around you. Your decision to earn your Matric is likely driven by its ability to propel you toward a successful career and better your life, and while you’re ready to invest the time and effort needed to take your studies seriously, you’re itching to get this process moving so you can branch out on your own and get a taste of success. Why you need to reach out for help from your community In many homes across South Africa, young people are under pressure. From child or Grandparent headed families to lack of sanitary products for girls, abuse; or hunger. These factors make it difficult to get up and go out to spend a day in school. But that is what the extended community is for. There are many organisations that are designed to help you manage both home and school time; as well as many that are there to provide support for emotional and physical needs. What is most important to remember is that you are not alone. Why do you need a Matric? One would think that this answer is simple. It’s your future. But you would be surprised at

how many young people don’t truly recognise the importance of a Matric certificate. Many students see high school as a social gathering, something to escape as quickly as possible, and do not focus on their academics as much as they should, it is only once they have to decide where to study and what they want to do with their lives, do they realise the importance of Matric, and your whole school career for that matter.

10.4% 5. See education as being useless – 9.4% 6. Completed education to the level they wanted – 7.8% 7. Working at home – 6.7% 8. Struggle getting to school – 0.5% 9. 12.3% of individuals cited other, unspecified reasons.

Why is school important? Well-educated societies have, according to If you would like to study at higher learning studies, shown to have lower rates of violence facility such as a university or college, it is and crime. They have also shown that socienecessary for you to first have a Matric certies that put higher priority on accessible and tificate. No tertiary education institution will effective education see their economies imeven consider an application from any person prove as well. unless it is accompanied by a Matric certificate. If you have not studied up to the grade The knowledge that you gain in school will 12 level and have not taken the Matric exami- play a major role in your daily life going nation, find out more about the various colforward. Knowledge about history improves leges and other institutions that will offer an cultural understanding; basic math skills accelerated course help people keep their for you to become finances in order, qualified. Make a open up job oppordifference in your tunities that wouldn’t life today and start otherwise be available studying so that you and allow you to run can count yourself a household budget amongst the educatmore efficiently, ased in South Africa. sisting with income Without schooling and expenditure in we cannot grow and your life. Language we cannot better our studies assist in comcircumstances. munication skills, vital in most job structures. Following a dream to We are each responsible for becoming the a more scientific career is only possible with best version of ourselves that we can be. the inclusion of the sciences, and especially Why are young people dropping out of more possible today, with the companies ofschool: The top reasons why kids aged 7 to 18 fering work experience and apprentice opdrop out or do not attend school are: tions. 1. No money for school fees – 23.5% 2. Cannot perform academically at school – School is also important for developing im17.7% portant social communication and interac3. Have too many family commitments – tion skills. Communication skills are impor11.6% tant for succeeding in a wide range of fields, 4. Suffer from illness and/or disability – and spending time with others improves

students’ social skills. Humans are social animals, and schools provide a means of ensuring that young people have a stimulating environment that will lead to more empathy, understanding and social growth Girls in need There is a particular crisis in South Africa that affects many girls in rural areas: The lack

of sanitary products. For many of us, buying sanitary products is as easy as buying bread and milk. But this is not the case for thousands of girls and women in South Africa. They are at a permanent disadvantage as they are forced to either stay at home as they are unable to afford this basic necessity, or use substandard and unhygienic products such as newspaper or socks over their time of menstruation. You are not alone if you have this problem and people do care. The Department of Education in KZN has rolled out sanitary

products to schools across KZN and if you need assistance, go and speak to your head of department and they will assist you getting the products you need. Child headed households HIV and Aids continue to cause havoc all over the world, affecting all communities. Because of this, adults die and leave their chil-

dren to take responsibility for their families, taking on adult roles before they have matured or finished their schooling. It is a heavy weight to carry when you are in the position where you are trying to obtain Matric, while caring for younger siblings and provide food with, what feels like, very little help. A state support grant is available and can be registered for at your district or Provincial Department of social development. They will also be able to provide support and guidance to you. You should also speak to your teacher or head of department and they may be able

to put you in touch with community programs that assist families in need. Contacts to assist: Department of Social Services: Tel: 021 483 5045 Fax: 021 483 4783 DSD Hotline: 0800220250 Home of Hope: The Home of Hope provides a place of safety for children who are abandoned in dustbins to die; are violently abused; raped; hungry and neglected due to poverty; victims of domestic violence; infected with HIV & Aids; born bearing the effects of excessive drug and alcohol abuse during pregnancy Contact person: Eleanor Brook Phone: 021 556 3573 Fax: 021 557 3720 Physical address: 3 Fairbridge Road, Table View Website: www.homeofhope.co.za Charities that assist children may be found at: www.backabuddy.co.za Phone: +27 62 163 2276 Email: info@backabuddy.co.za National Youth Development Program http://www.nyda.gov.za Child Welfare South Africa: http://cwdd.org.za LifeLine South Africa www.lifeline.org.za Childline for children in crisis www.childline.org.za Child Welfare South Africa www.childwelfaresa.org.za People opposed to Woman Abuse www.powa.co.za Al-Anon for family support (alcohol abuse) www.alanon.org.za

031 312 9313 0861322322 08000 55 555 0861424453 0837651235 0861252666

Police Child Protection Units The SA Police Service’s Family Violence, Child Protection and Sexual Offences Unit Special police units investigate violent crimes against children and offer specialised services to child victims of crime. There are units around the country. • Emergency number: 10111 • Crime Stop: 08600 10111 • Report cases of child abuse for police investigation: childprotect@saps.org.za • Website: FCS Unit

Head of Marketing and Communications

Peter Kwele

BRAIN FOOD: 20 Healthy, Affordable Study Snacks

Elizabeth Hoyt taken from http://www.fastweb.com/student-life/articles/brain-food-20-healthy-affordable-study-snacks

Just because you have limited funds, doesn’t mean you should have to sacrifice your health. Keep in mind that portion control is important (too much of a good thing is possible). These snacks are great on-the-go and students on a budget. Many of these snacks are accessible in college meal programs – or anywhere else, for that matter. Stock up on these affordable healthy goodies so that the next time you’re in a time-crunch, you don’t have to sacrifice health for convenience. Here are healthy snacks and foods that you can afford on any budget.

1. Apples Depending on the apple type (Granny Smith and Red Delicious are the cheapest), you can purchase them for around a dollar a pound for even the most designer of apple breeds.

2. Bananas Bananas are a great bang for your buck, perfect for on-the-go and are full of vitamins, potassium and fiber with low salt. Coming in at only 100 calories for an average sized banana? Yes, please!

3. Carrots Carrots are easy, cheap and packed with nutrition like protein, natural carbohydrates, fiber, calcium and potassium. It’s probably more cost effective to buy full-sized packages (even of baby carrots), which are usually around R6 for a 500gr. bag. But, they also come in cute on-the-go packages that are around 35 calories each, so there’s really no excuse not to much on these nutritious little veggies. A mini pack on the go is perfect for snacking between classes!

4. Oranges Other than the obvious vitamin C benefit, you’ll get potassium, calcium, healthy carbohydrates and more vitamins. They are high in sugar, but it’s not as bad as, say, a candy bar. You can get an entire bag of oranges for the same price as an unhealthy bag of chips, so make the smart decision and purchase a bag next time you’re looking for a sweet treat.

5. Peanuts Peanuts are actually a legume, not a nut. They’re cheap and chock-full of protein. They’re high in the good kinds of fats and can keep you full longer than snacks made with artificial preservatives. If consumed in 2-ounce portions, peanuts are around 300 calories but they’re a good alternative if you’re craving a salty snack.

6. Oatmeal High in fiber and protein while being low in calories and fat isn’t easy to find. That’s why oatmeal is basically the gem of quick and easy foods. Not to mention it tastes good and comes in instant options, making it convenient for on the go students.

7. Green Veggies Everyone knows they should eat their greens, but have you ever thought about taking a baggie of raw broccoli, string beans or pea pods on the go as a snack. You should – they have benefits which include Vitamin C, antioxidants and more. When looking for veggies, the greener and leafier, the better.

8. String Cheese Ah, the power of cheese. Easily transportable and, as a combo of sugar and salt, it can curb your sweet or salty cravings. One stick is only around 80 calories, full of protein and calcium. A pack is only around $2 so, when you’re looking for an easy, cheap snack, just say cheese!

9. Greek Yogurt Since Greek yogurt is high in protein but low in sugar, it’s a snack that will sustain you and keep you satisfied. You can purchase in different flavors or add some fruit, honey or granola to jazz up a plain flavor.

10. Coffee Moderate amounts of the caffeine contained in coffee can help improve brain function, your reaction time, focus and attention span. However, this is only in moderation. If overdone, it can have adverse results.

11. Hummus Protein-rich hummus is good on pretty much anything – especially when you’re trying to spice up some veggies. If you go for the generic brand, it’s only around $4. Even better, make your own for under $2!

12. Blueberries Simple as they may seem, these little berries pack punch when it comes to nutritional value. It’s no wonder they’re known as a superfood! In addition to the many nutrients and benefits, blueberries can even help prevent memory loss, increases motor skill function and learning capacity. Try them frozen for an extra treat!

13. Whole Wheat Crackers or Pretzels Pair either with hummus or peanut butter and you’re good to go! Whole wheat is key here because then you’re consuming grains you lose in white crackers or regular-variety pretzels.

14. Almonds A handful of almonds can sustain you for long periods of time. They’re made from healthy fats and are a good source of protein (6 grams of protein in one ounce) – in moderation. One ounce of almonds also contains 14 grams of fat (even if it is the good kind). It’s a great option as long as you make sure you don’t overindulge or you may find yourself with some unwanted weight gain.

15. Roasted Chick Peas If you find yourself craving some crunch, these are the perfect alternative to other crunchy snacks, like potato chips. Chick peas are great sources of protein and fiber. If you roast them in the oven, adding a little salt and chili powder (if you’d like a little spicy kick), they taste delicious, too!

16. Dark Chocolate As long as you follow the “everything in moderation” rule, this snack can provide benefits like antioxidants and helps with natural stimulation. Dark chocolate also can help with the production of endorphins, helping you conquer your tasks while boosting your mood.

17. Eggs

18. Avocado

Easy to make and easy to hard boil and take on the go, eggs are also inexpensive. They have the benefits of both protein and choline packed in, which both help improve brain function and memory.

Technically a fruit, avocados have mono-saturated fats, which improve blood flow and can lower blood pressure. They’re also a great source of Vitamin E. But, make sure not to overindulge – these are fatty fruits (even if they are good fats) so a quarter or half is more than enough for one serving.

19. Peanut Butter 20. Trail Mix Flash back to elementary school and make yourself some snacks involving peanut butter. Peanut butter and celery, peanut butter on rice cakes – the options are endless, nutritious and a great purchase for your budget at only around $3 for an entire jar.

This is a tricky one because some unhealthy snacks are disguised as trail mix. It’s probably best to make your own or find a healthy version with nuts and dried fruits. Portion control is also vital to make sure you’re not consuming a ton of trans-fats.

Commercial Diver/Supervisor

Bernard S teyn

Project Leader

Lientjie M ogano

What is SACNASP?

SACNASP’s main objectives are to:

SACNASP is the legislated regulatory body for natural science practitioners in South Africa.

The natural sciences encompass a wide range of scientific fields covering all of the basic sciences and many of their applied derivatives.

• •

Our mission is to establish, direct, sustain and ensure a high level of professionalism and ethical conscience among our scientists.

Their conduct should be internationally acceptable and in the broad interest of the community as outlined in the SACNASP Code of Conduct.

Promote the practice of the natural science professions in South Africa. Ensure and administer the mandatory registration of natural scientists as required in terms of The Natural Scientific Professions Act of 2003. Exercise control over the standard of conduct of professional natural scientists. Monitor the standard of education and training of natural scientists. Set standards for the recognition of education and training natural scientists. Ensure that prospective registrants meet the educational standards required for registration.

Register to be recognised

Contact us

The Natural Scientific Professions Act of 2003 requires all Natural Scientific Practitioners in SA to be registered with SACNASP.

Physical Address: Suite L4, Innovation Hub, Enterprise Building, Innovation Drive, 0087, Pretoria Postal Address: Private Bag X540, Silverton 0127 Tel: +27 (0)12 748 6500 Fax: 086 206 0427 Email: sacnasp@sacnasp.org.za Website: www.sacnasp.org.za

For a complete list of the current fields of practice recognised by SACNASP, visit our website at www.sacnasp.org.za www.facebook.com/SACNASP


“To walk in nature is to witness a thousand miracles� Mary Davis

Have you ever thought about getting away from city life and working closer to nature, perhaps in wildlife management or trying to combine your passion for the wild with a career that you love?

reer. Being a ranger does project the facade of being quite a glamorous career. After all, you spend your time socialising, driving rugged outdoor vehicles and tracking wildlife in pristine reserves. Do not be deceived – this is only a small part of what a game ranger does The Northern regions of South Africa boast on a day-to-day basis. When we’re relaxing in an impressive amount of quality and high our beds, rangers are up at 3:00 am prepping end Game Farms and Lodges that offer amaz- the Land Rovers and stocking the cooler box. ing opportunities to young people who are The hard work is rewarding but, like the mawilling to take the plunge. From the rolling jority of jobs, it’s no picnic. The key ingrediLowveld to the vast openness of the Highveld ent to becoming a ranger is passion. You need and even further North and West, opportuni- to be very social, passionate about people, the ty awaits for young people who have a sense environment and about wildlife. of adventure.

Game farm manager

Managing a game farm requires a motivated, hardworking and responsible person and university degrees, diplomas etc. is NOT a requirement. There are however courses structured in such a way as to touch on the subjects and requirements of game farm owners and what they need in a person managing their game farm. This includes understanding of veld conditions and vegetation, general mammals found on a game farm, exotic game breeding, and maintenance, marketing and guest relations.

Game Ranger

This type of career is ideal for someone who wants to pursue a conservation related ca-

Wildlife Veterinarians

Wildlife veterinarians are licensed animal health professionals, trained to treat a variety of wildlife species. Wildlife vets treat mammals, birds, and reptiles. They may work either in a veterinary office setting or in the field. Game farms often employ the services of an onsite vet team to handle issues that may arise on the farm. Dangerous animals, lethal drugs and highspeed chases – it’s all in a day’s work for South Africa’s wildlife vets Hospitality Career A career in hospitality is suited to people who enjoy playing the host and are extremely client orientated. Food service and lodging

managers are responsible for making sure guests at restaurants and hotels have a satisfying experience with their meal or their accommodations. Both types of hospitality careers are responsible for managing the daily operations of the establishment including overseeing staff, reviewing budgets and ensuring guests’ comfort and satisfaction. The hours can be long; hotels/Guest farms are essentially 24hour businesses and restaurants are often open long hours and on weekends, so don’t plan on a nine to five, 40-hour work week.

Food services

Like with hotels, game farms and lodges can have a full catering staff depending on their size. This would include from waitrons all the way up to head chef. There are two principal types of food service jobs: food services managers and food service workers. The workers deal with customers and the managers deal with employees. Managers oversee the business as a whole including food prep and presentation, hiring and scheduling staff, managing inventory and the budget. Workers take orders, serve food and drinks, clean tables and counters, set tables and sometimes prepare food. Chefs are generally responsible for the managing and training of the kitchen personnel, as well as overseeing all culinary activities, and making the administrative decisions for a restaurant. The most important of these responsibilities is to ensure that food is served on schedule and to see that any issues that arise are handled quickly and efficiently. Depending what position you wish to achieve, aspiring chefs may pursue formal training through culinary programs offered by community colleges, universities and culinary institutes. Some chefs complete certificate programs that typically last a few

months, while others earn 2-year associate’s or 4-year bachelor’s degrees.


Concierges are the central point of contact, serving the needs of clients, providing information and personal services to ensure that clients have a pleasant experience. A concierge is knowledgeable about the company and what it offers clients and is familiar with local businesses, venues and special events, and listens to the requests made by patrons, offering solutions or recommendations tailored to their needs.

Personal services

Personal service careers are those jobs that

serve people on a personal level. Manicurists, barbers and hairdressers, personal trainers, childcare providers and even funeral service workers are types of personal service careers. Because they all involve working closely with people, those with outgoing personalities and an interest in helping others are drawn to these vocations.

Many lodges have onsite massage or beauty therapists, depending on the size of the game farm. From nails to hair to massage, if you are interested in living out in nature (as some of the more remote farms may require live in staff) but following your love for beauty, then this may be the route for you.

Administration positions

Game farms and lodges have administration staff that keep the business running. From Reception to HR to Marketing & PR, they offer many of the same positions as in a normal company, just set out in nature, such as an Administration Manager. Administrative careers are clerical jobs, ones worked essentially behind the scenes to assist other positions by taking care of common, routine tasks. Whether the title is “secretary,” “administrative assistant” or “office clerk,”

all these types of administrative careers have similar responsibilities such as answering phones, arranging meetings and scheduling appointments, maintaining files and databases and handling correspondence. Some administrative jobs may also include some simple bookkeeping duties, such as sending out invoices and balancing account spreadsheets. Administration managers ensure that the Lodge runs smoothly in order to be productive by coordinating, directing and planning a variety of support services such as rangers, client liaison etc. Small organisations may have only one office manager who works on a smaller scale, while larger companies could have several levels of administration managers who specialise in different areas and report to different directors or vice presidents of administration.

Executive Director - SAIW

Sean Blak e

Welding – the miracle career There is no better career choice for a young man or woman than welding. It offers a wide variety of activities from inspection to administration through to actual welding in a host of different applications. And most importantly, with a welding qualification, you’re certain to get a job. So, see below for a list of our many courses and contact us for more information on how to bring a miracle into your life.

Courses offered by the SAIW Welding Quality Control; Welding Inspection; Welding Coordination; Codes of Construction; Heat Treatment; Competent Persons; Welding Symbols; Welding Metallurgy and Failure Analysis; Practical Welding; Non-Destructive Testing – Visual Testing, Magnetic Testing, Penetrant Testing, Eddy Current Testing, Radiographic Testing, Ultrasonic Testing. For further details refer to the Course Prospectus on our website.

Oil and Gas Industry


Inspection and Control

JOHANNESBURG (HEAD OFFICE) Tel: +27 (0)11 298 2100 CAPE TOWN Tel: +27 (0)21 555 2535 DURBAN Tel: 087 351 6568


Automotive Industry

Railway Industry

Construction Industry

SAIW Southern African Institute of Welding

10 HABITS OF HIGHLY EFFECTIVE STUDENTS The key to becoming an effective student is learning how to study smarter, not harder. This becomes more and more true as you advance in your education. An hour or two of studying a day is usually sufficient to make it through high school with satisfactory grades, but when college arrives, there aren’t enough hours in the day to get all your studying in if you don’t know how to study smarter. While some students are able to breeze through school with minimal effort, this is the exception. The vast majority of successful students achieve their success by developing and applying effective study habits. The following are the top 10 study habits employed by highly successful students. So if you want to become a successful student, don’t get discouraged, don’t give up, just work to develop each of the study habits below and you’ll see your grades go up your knowledge increase, and your ability to learn and assimilate information improve. 1. Don’t attempt to cram all your studying into one session. Ever find yourself up late at night expending more energy trying to keep your eyelids open than you are studying? If so, it’s time for a change. Successful students typically space their work out over shorter periods of time and rarely try to cram all of their studying into just one or two sessions. If you want to become a successful student then you need to learn to be consistent in your studies and to have regular, yet shorter, study periods. 2. Plan when you’re going to study. Successful students schedule specific times throughout the week when they are going to study -- and then they stick with their schedule. Students who study sporadically and whimsically typically do not perform as well as students who have a set study schedule. Even if you’re all caught up with your studies, creating a weekly routine, where you set aside a period of time a few days a week, to review your courses will ensure you develop habits that will enable you to succeed in your education long term.

3. Study at the same time. Not only is it important that you plan when you’re going to study, it’s important you create a consistent, daily study routine. When you study at the same time each day and each week, you’re studying will become a regular part of your life. You’ll be mentally and emotionally more prepared for each study session and each study session will become more productive. If you have to change your schedule from time to time due to unexpected events, that’s okay, but get back to your routine as soon as the event has passed. 4. Each study time should have a specific goal. Simply studying without direction is not effective. You need to know exactly what you need to accomplish during each study session. Before you start studying, set a study session goal that supports your overall academic goal (i.e. memorize 30 vocabulary words in order to ace the vocabulary section on an upcoming English test.) 5. Never procrastinate your planned study session. It’s very easy, and common, to put off your study session because of lack of interest in the subject because you have other things you need to get done, or just because the assignment is hard. Successful students DO NOT procrastinate studying. If you procrastinate your study session, your studying will become much less effective and you may not get everything accomplished that you need to. Procrastination also leads to rushing, and rushing is the number one cause of errors. 6. Start with the most difficult subject first. As your most difficult assignment or subject will require the most effort and mental energy, you should start with it first. Once you’ve completed the most difficult work, it will be much easier to complete the rest of your work. Believe it or not, starting with the most difficult subject will greatly improve the effectiveness of your study sessions and your academic performance.

7. Always review your notes before starting an assignment. Obviously, before you can review your notes you must first have notes to review. Always make sure to take good notes in class. Before you start each study session, and before you start a particular assignment, review your notes thoroughly to make sure you know how to complete the assignment correctly. Reviewing your notes before each study session will help you remember important subject matter learned during the day, and make sure studying targeted and effective. 8. Make sure you’re not distracted while you’re studying. Everyone gets distracted by something. Maybe it’s the TV. Or your family. Or maybe it’s too quite. Some people actually study better with a little background noise. When you’re distracted while you’re studying you (1) loose your train of thought and (2) you’re unable to focus -- both of which will lead to very ineffective studying. Before you start studying find a place where you won’t be disturbed or distracted. Some people this is a quite cubical in the recesses of the library.

9. Use study groups effectively. Ever heard the phrase “two heads are better than one”? Well, this can be especially true when it comes to studying. Working in groups enables you to (1) get help from others when you’re struggling to understand a concept, (2) complete assignments more quickly, and (3) teach others whereby helping both the other students and yourself to internalize the subject matter. However, study groups can become very ineffective if they’re not structured and if groups members come unprepared. Effective students use study groups effectively. 10. Review your notes, schoolwork and other class materials over the weekend. Successful students review what they’ve learned during the week over the weekend. This way they’re well prepared to continue learning new concepts that build upon previous coursework and knowledge acquired the previous week. We’re confident that if you’ll develop the habits outlined above that you’ll see a major improvement in your academic success.

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Dealing with peer pressure When you were a little kid, your parents usually chose your friends, putting you in playgroups or arranging playdates with certain children they knew and liked. Now that you’re older, you decide who your friends are and what groups you spend time with. Your friends — your peers — are people your age or close to it who have experiences and interests similar to yours. You and your friends make dozens of decisions every day, and you influence each other’s choices and behaviors. This is often positive — it’s human nature to listen to and learn from other people in your age group. As you become more independent, your peers naturally play a greater role in your life. As school and other activities take you away from home, you may spend more time with peers than you do with your parents and siblings. You’ll probably develop close friendships with some of your peers, and you may feel so connected to them that they are like an extended family. Besides close friends, your peers include other kids you know who are the same age — like people in your grade, church, sports team or community. These peers also influence you by the way they dress and act, the things they’re involved in and the attitudes they show. It’s natural for people to identify with and compare themselves to their peers as they consider how they wish to be or think they should be, or what they want to achieve. People are influenced by peers because they want to fit in, be like peers they admire, do what others do or have what others have.

Peer Influence Isn’t All Bad

You already know that the teen years can be tough. You’re figuring out who you are, what you believe, what you’re good at, what your responsibilities are and what your place in the world is going to be. It’s comforting to face those challenges with friends who are into the same things that you are. But you probably hear adults — parents, teachers, guidance counselors, etc. — talk about peer pressure more than the benefits of belonging to a peer group. You might not hear a lot about it, but peers have a profoundly positive influence on each other and play important roles in each other’s lives: • Friendship. Among peers, you can find friendship and acceptance, and share experiences that can build lasting bonds. • Positive examples. Peers set plenty of good examples for each other. Having peers who are committed to doing well in school or to doing their best in a sport can influence you to be more goal-oriented, too. Peers who are kind and loyal influence you to build these qualities in yourself. Even peers you’ve never met can be role models. For example, watching someone your age compete in the Olympics, give a piano concert or spearhead a community project might inspire you to go after a dream of your own. • Feedback and advice. Your friends listen and give you feedback as you try out new ideas, explore belief and discuss problems. Peers can help you make decisions, too: what courses to take; whether to get your hair cut, let it grow or dye it; how to handle a family argument. Peers often give each other good advice. Your friends will be quick to tell you when they think you’re making a mistake or doing something risky. • Socializing. Your peer group gives you opportunities to try out new social skills. Getting to know lots of different people — such as classmates or teammates — gives you a chance to learn how to expand your circle of friends, build relationships and work out differences. You may have peers you agree or disagree with, compete with or team with, peers you admire and peers you don’t want to be like. • Encouragement. Peers encourage you to work hard to get the solo in the concert, help you

study, listen and support you when you’re upset or troubled and empathize with you when they’ve experienced similar difficulties. • New experiences. Your peers might get you involved in clubs, sports or religious groups. Your world would be far less rich without peers to encourage you to try sushi for the first time, listen to a CD you’ve never heard before or to offer moral support when you audition for the school play.

When the Pressure’s On

Sometimes, though, the stresses in your life can actually come from your peers. They may pressure you into doing something you’re uncomfortable with, such as shoplifting, doing drugs or drinking, taking dangerous risks when driving a car or having sex before you feel ready. This pressure may be expressed openly (“Oh, come on — it’s just one beer, and everyone else is having one!”) or more indirectly — simply making beer available at a party, for instance. Most peer pressure is less easy to define. Sometimes a group can make subtle signals without saying anything at all — letting you know that you must dress or talk a certain way or adopt particular attitudes toward school, other students, parents, and teachers in order to win acceptance and approval. The pressure to conform (to do what others are doing) can be powerful and hard to resist. A person might feel pressure to do something just because others are doing it (or say that they are.) Peer pressure can influence a person to do something that is relatively harmless — or something that has more serious consequences. Giving in to the pressure to dress a certain way is one thing — going along with the crowd to drink or smoke is another. People may feel pressure to conform so they fit in or are accepted, or so they don’t feel awkward or uncomfortable. When people are unsure of what to do in a social situation, they naturally look to others for cues about what is and isn’t acceptable. The people who are most easily influenced will follow someone else’s lead first. Then others may go along, too — so it can be easy to think, “it must be OK. Everyone else is doing it. They must know what they’re doing.” Before you know it, many people are going along with the crowd — perhaps on something they might not otherwise do. Responding to peer pressure is part of human nature, but some people are more likely to give in, and others are better able to resist and stand their ground. People who are low on confi-

dence and those who tend to follow rather than lead could be more likely to seek their peers’ approval by giving in to a risky challenge or suggestion. People who are unsure of themselves, new to the group, or inexperienced with peer pressure may also be more likely to give in. Using alcohol or drugs increases anyone’s chances of giving in to peer pressure. Substance use impairs judgment and interferes with the ability to make good decisions.

Pressure Pointers

Nearly everyone ends up in a sticky peer pressure situation at some point. No matter how wisely you choose your friends or how well you think you know them, sooner or later you’ll have to make decisions that are difficult and could be unpopular. It may be something as simple as resisting the pressure to spend your hard-earned babysitting money on the latest technology that “everybody” has, or it may mean deciding to take a stand that makes you look uncool to your group. But these situations can be opportunities to figure out what is right for you. There’s no magic to standing up to peer pressure, but it does take courage: • Listen to your gut. If you feel uncomfortable, even if your friends seem to be OK with what’s going on, it means that something about the situation is wrong for you. This kind of decisionmaking is part of becoming self-reliant and learning more about who you are. • Plan for possible pressure situations. If you’d like to go to a party but you believe you may be offered alcohol or drugs there, think ahead about how you’ll handle this challenge. Decide ahead of time — and even rehearse — what you’ll say and do. Learn a few tricks. If you’re holding a bottle of water or a can of soda, for instance, you’re less likely to be offered a drink you don’t want. • Arrange a “bailout” code phrase you can use with your parents without losing face with your peers. You might call home from a party at which you’re feeling pressured to drink alcohol and say, for instance, “Can you come and drive me home? I have a terrible headache.” • Learn to feel comfortable saying “no.” With good friends, you should never have to offer an explanation or apology. But if you feel you need an excuse for, say, turning down a drink or smoke, think up a few lines you can use casually. You can always say, “No, thanks, I’ve got a belt test in karate next week and I’m in training,” or “No way — my uncle died of cirrhosis and I’m not even looking at any booze.”

• Hang with people who feel the same way you do. Choose friends who will speak up with you when you’re in need of moral support and be quick to speak up for a friend in the same way. If you’re hearing that little voice telling you a situation’s not right, chances are others hear it, too. Just having one other person stand with you against peer pressure makes it much easier for both people to resist. • Blame your parents: “Are you kidding? If my mom found out, she’d kill me, and her spies are everywhere.” • Speak up: If a situation seems dangerous, don’t hesitate to get an adult’s help. It’s not always easy to resist negative peer pressure, but when you do, it is easy to feel good about it afterward. And you may even be a positive influence on your peers who feel the same way — often it just takes one person to speak out or take a different action to change a situation. Your friends may follow if you have the courage to do something different or refuse to go along with the group. Consider yourself a leader, and know that you have the potential to make a difference. — This information was provided by TeensHealth, one of the largest resources online for medically reviewed health information written for parents, kids, and teens.

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Planning a Gap Year After Matric? Here’s What You Need to Know...

You’ve finally finished Matric, and you can’t decide what you want to study next year (or even whether you want to study at all). If this sounds like you, a gap year sounds like a solution! Today, a gap year can be taken anywhere, for any length of time, doing almost anything you want: from building an orphanage in Malawi or teaching English as a foreign language in Thailand, to au pairing for a family in Switzerland. A gap year is constructive time out to travel in-between life stages. It usually involves travelling, volunteering, or working overseas.

How long is a Gap Year? The Pros of a Gap Year... The Cons of a Gap Year...

A gap year usually lasts for 12 months, while you figure out what you want to do with your life. However, you don’t have to take the full year off. You could decide to start studying after a 6-month break. Alternatively, you might find your ideal career path while you are overseas, and decide not to come back at all. • It gives you the chance to gain relevant work experience in a particular field, and it shows a potential employer that you are independent and able to look after yourself. • It gives you the opportunity to see the world and to gain valuable life experience. • It’s probably the longest ‘holiday’ you will ever be able to take in your life - taking long breaks will be harder once you start working full-time. • If you take a gap year, you will be a year behind your friends who start studying straight away. • If you don’t plan your gap year properly, you may end up spending all that time at home, instead of using it constructively. • If you take a year off from studying, you may struggle to find the motivation to start studying again.

Top Tips for your Gap Year: Do your research - speak to people who’ve been there and done it. • Take time to plan and prepare - it can take 9-12 months to plan your gap year and to raise money, so make sure you give yourself time to prepare. • Be open-minded - a gap year is all about new experiences. • Use the time to make contacts - this is an important time to develop networks that could help you in your future career. Get onto the message boards and see if anyone is planning a similar trip to yours. • Consider taking a short course during your gap year to help you decide what you want to study the following year.

Whether you see a gap year as backpacking, working part-time, or taking time out to experience new things, it’s all about living life to the full and realising that there is a world of opportunity out there just waiting to be explored.

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Support for rural youth Written by Thandeka Ngobese

Thousands of youth in the Imbabazane Local Municipality in the KwaZulu-Natal (KZN) Midlands stand to benefit from an agricultural programme that is expected to create much-needed job opportunities. The agricultural programme is a KZN Cooperative Governance and Traditional Affairs (Cogta) initiative that forms part of government’s Comprehensive Rural Development Programme that aims to tackle issues such as underdevelopment, food security, unemployment, poverty and other social ills which have become synonymous with rural areas. KZN Cogta MEC Nomusa Dube-Ncube said the department had invested R17 million in this project – a first of its kind in the country. The project is expected to break the chains of poverty that have for years plagued the Imbabazane Local Municipality, which falls under the uThukela District Municipality. MEC Dube-Ncube said the department was approached by local amakhosi in 2012, each of whom agreed to make available some land to grow crops with the intention of subsequently adding value to them through agroprocessing to increase their retail value. “We believe that our people, led by the local amakhosi, have the ability to free themselves from the shackles of poverty. I have visited

one of the potato farms and I was impressed with their good work. As a caring government, we will support this programme because it will grow the local economy in the traditional areas where people are languishing in poverty,” said MEC Dube-Ncube. She added that plans were at an advanced stage to build a colossal pack house where crops that had been harvested would be processed and sent to market. Negotiations also were under way with big food retailers to consider buying products from this programme. “Our ultimate plan is to roll this programme out to other districts. I believe that with an initiative of this nature we will push back the frontiers of poverty. We are appealing to all beneficiaries of this programme to come up with new ideas. We do not want our people to sell these products raw as they are currently doing, but we want them to be innovative and process them so that they make more money,” said the MEC. All farms will employ young people who have undergone comprehensive training in agriculture to ensure that the programme will not collapse. Working under the supervision of a seasoned implementing agent, they are further mentored by local farmers in, among others, the usage of modern ploughing machinery.

WHERE TO FIND What is a bursary?

Bursaries are monetary awards provided by organisations to people who are unable to fully fund their studies. In exchange for a bursary, the individual is generally employed at the organisation for the equal amount of time as the bursary.

Who can apply for a bursary?

A BURSARY this bursary type is performance-based and is usually awarded to students who receive high results in their exams prior to college/ university entrance. These bursaries are mainly awarded by the study institution/ by organisations.

How do I apply for a bursary?

Applying for a bursary is an easy 3 step process:

To be awarded a bursary, parents are generally required to complete an application form, 1) Scroll down and find the faculty within which you will be studying and select the providing details of their financial situation, followed by documentary evidence and proof bursary you would like to apply for. of any capital assets. 2) Read the bursary requirements and see if you qualify. There are 2 variations of bursaries, provided by organisations and study institutions: 3) If you meet the bursary require1) A means-tested ments, apply for the bursary which evalubursary by either ates whether an applidownloading the cant or their family is application form allowed to receive govor visiting the link ernment assistance. provided. If you are This bursary type is still unsure, please available for students contact the burof parents who earn sary provider via the below an annual provided contact threshold amount. details. 2) Scholarship/ Prize –

South Africa is home to many world-class universities and colleges, and you’re smart and want to get ahead in life. How are you going to pay for your studies? Studying is an expensive undertaking. Specialised or professional degrees, such as medicine and engineering, can cost much more. South Africa also has a wide range of private colleges, where tuition fees can be higher than at the subsidised public institutions. Be sure to consider your options before deciding how to pay for your studies, and apply for any award or bursary for which you’re eligible.

LINKS • University financial aid • National financial aid • External bursaries • Student loans • Bursaries for teachers • Paying your own way • Websites with bursary information Read more: http://www.southafrica.info/services/education/studentloans.htm#. VtQGhPl97Dc#ixzz41YG7bJ22

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SA Career Guide ENF 2017  

A publication dedicated to assist Grade 10, 11 & 12 learners in understanding what career opportunities are available after school.

SA Career Guide ENF 2017  

A publication dedicated to assist Grade 10, 11 & 12 learners in understanding what career opportunities are available after school.


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