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Winter sports destination is a “geographic, economic and social unit which consists of those companies, organizations, activities, areas and installations who are intended to serve the specific needs of the winter sports tourists” (Flagesta dn Hope, 2000). Some authors (Miller, Kramer, and Krippendorf, 1991) agree with the fact that the “destination can be seen as a strategic business unit from the spect of management” (Bieger, 1998, pg. 7). This shows that the winter sport destination can have similarities with a company from the aspect that they are a “community of mutually connected economic activities” (Porter, 1996). At the same time it can be noted that although the purposes are connected with a collection of individuals and companies, that is in correlation, for example, with the societal structures, community inclusiveness and the relations with the stakeholders in destinations. Types of tourist centers Winter tourist centers appeared between 1940 and 1945 in France with the appearance of winter sports. Between 1950 and 1990 many centers have been built with heavy equipement. Today in Europe there are two different types of winter tourist centers: traditional or first generation centers which are built in the existing villages and functional or integrated centers. The integrated centers were built on empty spaces and designed to be focused on requiring every need of the modern skier on an easy and economical way. It is consisted of aquiring different parts in order to may a unique center. These type of centers can usually be found in new areas and belong to the investor. If the investor is private, in that case the municipality recieves the renting fee. There are three types of functional settlements: second generation of centers (can be found between 1000 and 2000 meters above the sea level, and their activity is mainly focused on the winter season); third generation centers (can be found between 1.500 and 2.000 meters, these centers are specialized only for skiing and have all types of services needed for this activity); fourth generation centers (in these centers the focus is on activites towards agriculture and development of different activities, especially in the summer period). Considering that there are many different types of centers, it is impossible to speak of a tourist center as a unique model. It is important to understand these differences with the purpose of viewing the development of each center as a special unit. Some centers are private, which means that they belong to the investor, and other are public, 93

Fizibility studija carev vrv english translation  

Fizibility studija carev vrv english translation  

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