Air The air quality in the Eastern mountain region is relatively good with the exception of certain urban areas, where in the winter period in the year there are some increasements in the concentration of pollutive elements, of which are mostly PM particles. The air quality measuring station is located in Kocani. The data shows that in the urban areas in the region in the duration of the winter period a higher level of PM particles can be found.
Scope of population In
demographics, the Eastern mountain region has almost four times smaller growth of population in comparison with the population in the country. There exist drastic differences in the growth of population and its physical dislocation
unfavorable. According to the estimations for the number of citizens in 2013 the Eastern mountain region had 178.270 citizens or 2.0% less that the number of citizens in 2002 when the last census1 has been done. The natural movement of the population in the region has a below average natality, above average mortality and a negative rate of natural increase. The newborn death rate in the region is below the average and is 8,4 (10,6 on the level of the Republic of Macedonia). The total fertility rate in the region is 1.22 and cannot provide a rejuvination of the population. The number of live births on a population of 1000 is 8,6 and is smaller than the average number of live births per 1000 on the level of the Republic of Macedonia, which is 11,2. The age average of the population is 40, whereas that level for the Republic of Macedonia is 38.
Density of population and physical dislocation One of the vital characteristics of the Eastern mountain region is the density of the population which is 50,4 persons per km2. However, because of the permanent process of depopulation, the number of 1
State Statistical Office, Publication: The Regions in the Republic of Macedonia 2014