Page 1

Timber Frames: Smooth Transitions

Laminate Worktops: Sealing & Installation

Things To Consider In Buying An EdgeBander

Presses: Making Belts Last Longer

JULY 2009


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Contents July 2009 • VOL. 21 NO. 5

24 AHEC: Expanding China

Once the focus was on the major cities of China, now AHEC is branching out into its secondary and interior cities. By Therese Tan


26 Cutting Tools: The Cutting Edge Of Wood Working

From the lumberjack’s axe and saw to powerful lasers, the array of cutting tools is a testament to the numerous ways of processing wood. By Augustine Quek



28 Things To Consider Before Buying An Edgebander

It’s an investment that simply has to work. And, given today’s belttightening climate, it’s best to do your homework beforehand.

30 Profile Wrapping: Strength In Bonding



Showcasing the latest German woodworking machines, materials and components to respond to the changing business environment.


19 Short-Cycle Presses: Investing In The Future

A newly installed laminating line is helping a US furniture board manufacturer to face future challenges. By George Hehn, documentation & marketing, Dieffenbacher Maschinenfabrik

Established since 1986, FDM Asia, formerly Asia Pacific Forest/Timber Industries, is a business magazine on sawmilling, woodworking, woodbased panels and furniture manufacturing. The Publisher reserves the right to accept or reject all editorial or advertising material and assumes no responsibility for the return of unsolicited artwork or manuscripts. All rights reserved. Reproduction of the magazine, in whole or in part, is prohibited without the prior written consent, not unreasonably withheld, of the publisher. Reprints of articles appearing in previous issues of the magazine are available on request, subject to a minimum quantity. The views expressed in this journal are not necessarily those of the Publisher and while every attempt will be made to ensure the accuracy

22 It’s On The Level

There is a new sustainability standard in town that the commercial furniture industry has to live up to now. By Frederick D Muëller

and authenticity of information appearing in the magazine, the Publisher accepts no liability for damages caused by misinterpretation of information, expressed or implied, within the pages of the magazine. All correspondence regarding editorial, editorial contributions or editorial content should be directed to the Editor. The magazine is available on subscription in Singapore at S$126.00 (GST applicable) per annum by surface mail. Subscription by airmail to readers in the Asia Pacific costs S$160 per annum; Europe and the Americas S$230 per annum. For further details refer to the subscription card found within the pages of each issue. For more subscription information, please fax to: (65) 6379 2806 or email:

New approaches in adhesives are yielding positive results in the market. By Keith Boi

32 Presses: Making Belts Last Longer

Extending the working life of a steel belt takes on added importance in today's quest for speed and increased productivity. By J O Jonsson, senior technical manager, WBP Industry, AB Sandvik Process Systems

Member of Business Publication Audit of Circulation, Inc. IMPORTANT NOTICE The circulation of this publication is audited. The Advertiser's Association recommends that advertisers should place their advertisements only in audited publications. Incorporating:



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2 FDM Asia

Associate of

FDM Asia is published eight times a year (printed 2nd week of issue month) by

July 2009 |

The Chinese Academy of Forestry

MICA (P) NO. 025/01/2009 • PPS 1204/7/2010 • ISSN 0219-2284

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Contents July 2009 • VOL. 21 NO. 5

R e g u l a r s


35 Laminate Worktops: Sealing & Installation

For colour selection and affordability, laminate worktops come out tops. However, the trend towards thinner laminates and thicker chipboard cores are posing challenges. By Vaughan Taylor, section head – materials technology, FIRA

Executive Insights

38 Light At The End Of The Tunnel The industry is encouraged to prepare for

06 08 71 72a 72b

Editorial Industry News Calendar Of Events Enquiry Form Subscription Form


Please refer to advertising index on page

for advertisers’ enquiry numbers.

the eventual upturn by taking advantage of the readily available new developments, says Wolf-Gerd Dieffenbacher, president and CEO of the Dieffenbacher Group

Materials & Surfaces

40 Timber Frames: Smooth Transitions Efficiency of wood in multi-storey dwellings. By Kevin Hayes, APA – The Engineered Wood Association

Hardwoods & Softwoods

42 Hardwood: French Oak Recognised for its longevity, the French oak offers straight grain and fine texture

44 Staining Of Finishes From Water-Soluble Wood Extractives

There are several ways to prevent extractives from reaching the topcoat and discolouring the finishing. By APA – The Engineered Wood Association


47 Malaysia Panel Products Industry: Climate Of Change The panel processing industry is one of

60 Exhibitions

60 Ligna Hannover 2009 66 Interzum 69 IFFS 2010 70 imm Cologne 2010

Malaysia’s fastest growing sub-sectors within its wood-based industry. By Dr Jegatheswaran Ratnasingam, Universiti Putra Malaysia

50 Russia’s Renewal Plans The country is looking towards increasing

their own industrial base – and its wood processing capacity. By Frederick D Muëller

4 FDM Asia

July 2009 |




Making The Most Out Of

Published by:

Eastern Trade Media Pte Ltd (a fully owned subsidiary of Eastern Holdings Ltd) Registration No: 199908196C

managing director


managing editor

While a great number of participants were impressed by the vast and diversified technological exploits showcased at the event, more immediate concerns remain – how to overcome the challenges posed by the current global economic crisis, and how to reap in

For one, resource efficiency in the wood industry has become such a huge theme that to dominate discussion about the shape of things to come. And at the same time, new industrial trends in areas as varied as board processing and surface treatment are pointing the industry in the right direction. Industry practitioners can take respite on new technological developments that have emerged, a view expressed by Wolf-Gerd Dieffenbacher, President and CEO of Dieffenbacher, at a recent wood composites symposium (pg 38). He says that the answer lies in the short-term reduction of production costs – by using

industry consultants

Furthermore, if wood-using mills can take advantage of today’s technology, they will be He also encourages the search for new panel products to fill “lucrative niches.” Long-term,

Brenda Tan

contributors Therese Tan Vaughan Taylor Augustine Quek Kevin Hayes J O Jonsson Dr Jegatheswaran Ratnasingam Frederick D Muëller Keith Boi

to be put in place to reduce resin usage in today’s panelboard plants as resin and all its

better positioned to reap the financial rewards as the economic needle swings into recovery.

Ding Yongmei

senior circulation executive

today’s vast product line of wood composite materials.

Canice Gan

business manager (china)

alternate raw materials and lowering resin consumption. He however adds that steps need applications constitute one of the largest single expenditure item in the manufacture of

Winnie Lee

advertising sales manager

no manufacturer can afford to ignore. Design-oriented ideas and innovations continue

Lawrence Lee

graphic designer

rewards when the expected upturn eventually comes around.

Eunice Tay

senior art director/studio manager

Ligna 2009 exhibition in Hannover, Germany.

Eileen Chan

editorial assistant

y most accounts, a note of optimism was felt all around the recently concluded

Kenneth Tan

Michael Ginnings

Consultant, Ginnings Far East Associates

Ong Kim Chuan

Managing Director Haleywood Director

Winston Chiu

President Technik Associates Inc

Francis LL Lam

MBA (UCLA) Arpa (Shanghai)

he foresees “very favourable conditions for wood products with growth on a global scale as population increases.”

EASTERN holdings LTD

Meanwhile on the global regulatory front, much attention has been raised about ‘level’, the new sustainability standard for the furniture industry developed by the Business and

Executive Board chairman

Institutional Furniture Manufacturers Association (BIFMA) in the US. With the emergence of ‘level’, commercial furniture makers must now contend with – and more importantly, conform to – more matters ranging from energy efficiency to material sourcing. It’s going to be interesting to monitor how this new standard plays out – both in terms of regulating the furniture industry and impacting the global commercial landscapes.

Stephen Tay

group executive director

Kenneth Tan

financial controller

Robbin Lim



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6 FDM Asia  July 2009 |

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Photo credit: Eran Sandler, Tel Aviv, Israel & Brian Lary, Madison, US

Industry News

Singapore’s SM Goh Applauds Mozaic Showing In Italy

FDA 2010: Open For Entries Singapore: Registration is now open for

Milan, Italy: Singapore’s Senior Minister,

the Furniture Design Award (FDA) 2010,

Goh Chok Tong visited the Salone

organised by the Singapore Furniture

Internazionale del Mobile 2009 in

Industries Council (SFIC). For the first time, participation in the

Milan, Italy, to lend support to the country’s contingent.

Young Designers category will be extended

The country’s furniture industry

worldwide. In the past years, this category

was represented under the collective

was only open to participants in the

brand, Singapore Mozaic. SM Goh

Asia Pacific region. Similar to last year’s

was received by Andrew Ng, president

competition, entries

of the Singapore Furniture Industries

are not confined

Council (SFIC), and accompanied


by representatives from various

theme, allowing

government agencies. The Singapore

participants a free

pavilion included brand ambassadors

reign to express

Air Division, Getz Bros, Koda, Office

their creativity.

Planner and Star Furniture Industries as well as Exit Design. An initiative of the SFIC, Singapore



furnituredesignaward Singapore

FDA 2010 consists of three categories – Open, Young Designers and Students. PANTONE 3975 CVC

The Open category targets companies,

(0c 0m 100y 30k)

PANTONE Black 6 CVC (100c 40m 0y 100k)

Mozaic is a B2B industry furniture

seeking participants with entries that

brand supported by ie Singapore and

have already been manufactured and

Spring Singapore.

launched commercially; the Young Designers category caters to local and international

SFIC Mission Into Untapped Markets Of Eastern Europe

participants, aged 35 years and below. The Students category is open to all full-time students from educational institutions in the ASEAN countries.

Singapore: The Singapore Furniture Industries Council (SFIC) led representatives

The judging criteria include creativity,

from 10 local furniture companies on a business mission to explore new

marketability and functionality, including

markets in Eastern Europe. The team visited Hungary, the Czech Republic

aspects of environmental-friendliness

and Poland from May 27 – June 6.

and ergonomics. The closing date for the

Supported by ie Singapore as well as Spring Singapore, and led by Jerry

Students and Young Designers categories

Tan, VP of SFIC and MD of Jaco Furniture, the mission enabled local companies

is September 1 and the Open category is

to gather first hand knowledge of the Eastern European furniture market.

December 21. The creations by the finalists

Participating companies are SFIC members and include Falcon Inc, Jaco

of FDA 2010 will be showcased during

Furniture, Keng Cushions, Koda, QC@Paul, Sitra Holdings (Int’l), Star Furniture,

International Furniture Fair Singapore/

Suncoast Sitra, Univonna and Valencia Design.

ASEAN Furniture Show 2010, held from

Research by CSIL Centre for Industrial Studies Milano showed that

March 9 to 12 at the Singapore Expo.

consumption of home furniture in the new EU Member States amounted to

The recently concluded FDA 2009

US$8.5 billion (at factory prices). Over 80 percent are absorbed by Poland, the

received a total of 637 submissions from

Czech Republic, Romania and Hungary.

Singapore and 18 countries globally. FDA

Singapore’s total trade in furniture with the three countries registered

2010 is supported by DesignSingapore

S$5.7 million (US$4.2 million) in 2006, S$4.9 million in 2007 and S$8.0 million

Council, ie Singapore, Spring Singapore,

in year 2008. The bulk of the revenue came from furniture imports, which

American Hardwood Export Council,

accounted for an average of 97 percent of Singapore’s total furniture trade

Designers Association Singapore, Interior

with the mentioned East European countries.

Design Confederation (S’pore), Singapore Institute of Architects and IFFS.

8 FDM Asia  July 2009 |

Industry News

Enito Secures Singapore Green Label Singapore: Enito Flooring, the palmwood flooring specialist has obtained the Singapore green label for its range of palmwood-based flooring and decking. It is the first company in Singapore to receive the 100 percent recycled material label for its products. The company re-values and reduces waste through its entire product development cycle. The palmwood is harvested from cultivated plantation-grown retired palm trees. From harvesting to production and packing, the company ensures that its eco-friendly procedures are enforced at every stage and that its finished products meet health and environment standards. With tests conducted with the eco-INSTITUT in Germany, the company’s coating systems is free of formaldehyde, and is CE marking certified for quality and safety.

PEFC Endorses Malaysian Chain Of Custody Scheme Global Carbon Project, Canberra, Australia

Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: The

Chairman of the Malaysian

Malaysian Timber Certification

Timber Certification Council,

Scheme (MTCS) has become the

which operates the MTCS, said

first tropical timber certification

that the endorsement enables

scheme in the Asia Pacific region

the MTCS to achieve mutual

Kuching, Sarawak: The Sarawak government has fixed

to be endorsed by the Programme

recognition with 26 other PEFC-

a flat rate of RM50 (US$13.70) royalty on all timber with

for the Endorsement of Forest

endorsed certification schemes.

a diameter of 30 cm and above this year, down from the

Certification (PEFC) schemes.

This means that the MTCS-certified

RM65 fixed by the state Forest Department earlier this year following an appeal by the Sarawak Timber Association (STA).

Timber Royalty Reduced In Sarawak

Ben Gunneberg, PEFC

timber product manufacturers

Secretary General, said: “While

and exporters will soon be able to

However, the rates will be revised to RM55 next year

the certification movement has

combine PEFC-certified materials

and RM65 in 2011, says a report in The Star online. Speaking

its origins in efforts to protect

from Malaysia with other PEFC-

at the STA’s AGM in April, association chairman Datuk

tropical forests, over 90 percent

certified materials under the

Wong Kit Yik urged the federal government to exempt

of the world’s certification today

PEFC logo.

the industry from the doubling of levy on foreign workers.

takes place in the temperate

The decision to endorse

The local government has proposed for a higher levy to

forests of Europe and North

the 2002 Malaysian Criteria and

reduce the number of migrant workers, but the association

America. Yet tropical forests in

Indicators for Forest Management

feels that it would be hard pressed to meet the government’s

the Southern hemisphere offer

Certification was announced on

target of RM53 billion in export earnings by 2020.

the most benefits to tackling some

May 5, 2009 following a general

The top five importers of Sarawak’s logs were India, Japan,

of society’s biggest challenges,

assembly vote. The endorsement

Taiwan, Vietnam and China, which together contributed to

including climate change,

is valid for a five-year period,

97.61 percent of the overall log export revenue for the first

combating deforestation and

with periodic review to ensure

two months of this year. Traditional importing countries

forest degradation, and maintaining

the continued compliance of

such as Thailand, the Middle East and Taiwan were the top

the world’s precious biodiversity.”

the MTCS. BM TRADA offers

three importers of sawn timber, contributing 62.6 percent

Dato’ Dr Freezailah Che Yeom,

certification under the scheme.

to the sawn timber export revenue. | FDM ASIA  July 2009


Industry News

Indonesia Secures Verified Legal Origin Certificates

Hiller Appointed President Of SFC

Jakarta, Indonesia: Two Tropical Forest

factory in Indonesia through to Crate

Trust (TFT) supported forest projects

and Barrel, a large furniture retailer in the

Texas, USA: The Sustainable Fur-

and one factory have been issued

USA. The forest sources are Perhutani’s

nishings Council (SFC) has appointed

certificates of Verified Legal Origin

Randublatung District, a state-owned

Jeff Hiller as its new president.

(VLO) by the Rainforest Alliance’s

forest plantation, producing teak and

The SFC is a non-profit coalition

SmartWood programme.

mahogany and Kostajasa, a co-operative

of suppliers, manufacturers, retailers

of farmers that produce predominantly

and designers. Mr Hiller served as

mahogany logs.

one of the founding Board members

Linked together in a supply chain, the achievement means that wooden furniture carrying a ‘Verified Legal

Both forest enterprises have been

and for the past two years has

Origin’ statement can be exported to

working with the TFT for a number of

served as Chair of its Marketing &

the USA. Such verification helps to

years to improve forest practices towards

Education committee.

provide assurance to consumers and

achieving Forest Stewardship Council

His goals are to at least double

companies alike, that their product is

(FSC) certification. In the factory, TFT

membership over each of the next

not linked with forest destruction from

has helped to develop a robust wood

two years, and to continue to develop

illegal harvesting.

control system and monitor production to

programmes that provide immediate

ensure only wood from known, approved

benefit to members.

This recently ‘verified legal’ supply chain connects two forests and a


Appointments & Notices

sources enters the supply chain.

Richfruits machinery Manufacturing co., Ltd. Add: No.10, Shilong Industrial Road, Shiling Industrial Zone Of Lunjiao, Shunde District, Foshan City, Guangdong Province, China. Fax: 0086-757-27721919 TEl: 0086-757-27721959 E-MAIL: Web: CONTACT: 0086-13928252573

10 FDM Asia  July 2009 |

Industry News

Japan Records Increase In Forestry Output Tokyo, Japan: The Japanese Ministry

Shipments from Russia,

of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries

Japan’s largest source of logs

has released its latest statistical data

in 2007, slumped after an export

showing an increase in forestry output

tax increased twice in less than a

in 2007. The release, dated March 27,

year to 25 percent. While Russian

2009 shows an increase in output

timber is preferred due to its price,

for the second consecutive year

strength and smoother texture,

due largely to the increase in Sugi

Russian plans to increase the duty

(Japanese cedar).

to 80 percent has in turn caused furniture manufacturers to seek

Forest output was valued at ¥441.44

alternative supplies.

billion (US$4.4 billion) in 2007, an increase of 2.1 percent compared to

Residential buildings use most

the previous year. Log output was

of the lumber in Japan. About half the country’s houses are

¥225.58 billion, an increase of 3.9 percent, attributed to the increase in

Joi Ito, Inbamura, Japan

constructed using wooden posts, beams or panelling, according to

Sugi production. However, a recent Bloomberg report noted that Japan’s

the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport.

lumber industry, which imports 80 percent of its supplies, may

Japan has allocated ¥500 million in the budget year started

buy more timber from the US, Canada and New Zealand after

April 1 to provide assistance for small and medium-sized

a drop in lumber prices.

lumber processors.


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Industry News

Binh Dinh Seeks Chinese Investors

New Zealand Sees Increased Exports Of Radiata

Binh Dinh, Vietnam: Central Binh Dinh province, located in Vietnam’s South

Auckland, New Zealand: The export of

competitive as they now have some of

Central coastal region, has called upon

radiata pine sawlogs have been one

the lowest wood raw material costs, in

Chinese businesses to invest in its local

of the few bright spots in the forest

US dollar terms, in the world. However,

woodwork industry.

products sector for New Zealand

the decline for lumber and pulp in

Speaking at a seminar in Quy Nhon

in the past year. Shipments to the

New Zealand’s major export markets

city between Binh Dinh and China’s

two major destinations, China and

remains a concern.

Guangdong province, Nguyen Van Thien,

Japan, were higher in 2008 than

chairman of the Binh Dinh provincial

the previous two years and total

People’s Committee, called for added

exports reached a five-year record

investments from China.

of 6.6 million m3 last year.

More than 100 woodworking

In US dollars, domestic radiata pine

manufacturers from central Vietnam attended

sawlog prices averaged US$49/m3 in

the seminar held in mid-May. In addition,

the 4Q/08, down from the 12-year high

some 21 companies from Guangdong’s

of US$68/m3 in the 1Q/08, according

Dongguan Furniture Association attended the

to the Wood Resource Quarterly.

event. Dongguan is the largest woodwork

In the 4Q/08, the New Zealand

producing area in China and home to

market share of imported logs to

2,200 furniture businesses.

Japan was a record 17 percent, up

With a backdrop provided by 400,000

from about 10 percent in 2006 and

ha forest land, Binh Dinh is home to 110

2007. In China, New Zealand supplied

woodworking enterprises with a total

15 percent of imported softwood logs,

investment capital of US$53 million and

an increase from about four percent

30,000 workers, added the report by

in 2006. Log exporters have recently

Vietnam Business Finance. Woodwork

been benefiting from a weak NZ dollar,

exports account for 80 percent of the

lower freight rates and higher prices

province’s total annual export turnover.

for logs from Russia, the dominant

Plans in the pipeline to expand the

supplier of logs to Asia.

industry include the addition of 1,000

The weak New Zealand dollar

ha of land in the Cat Lam and Cat Hiep

has made pulp and sawmills more

Industrial Complexes.

Greenply Industries To Build Indian MDF Plant New Delhi, India: Leveraging

to launch production by

head sanding line, and the Lukki

MDF and particle boards to be

on the demand growth for

December 2009.

2 dimensional panel storage

increasingly used. Greenply



interior infrastructure products

Greenply said the MDF

system supplied by Dieffenbacher.

in India, plywood and laminates

plant would be India’s first to

Engineered panels are said

manufacture MDF boards

manufacturer Greenply Industries

incorporate Dieffenbacher’s

to have a high utilisation of raw

in the following range: plain

plans to set up a medium density

CPS continuous pressing

material resources as compared

medium density fibre board (2.5

fibreboard (MDF) plant with a

technology. The production

to plywood, and the Indian

- 30 mm thickness range), and

projected capacity of 180,000 m3.

line would also incorporate

government’s restrictions on

prelaminated medium density

The Rs 250 crores (US$53.4

Metso’s latest generation EVO

plywood have also resulted in

fibre board (2.5 - 30 mm thickness

million) MDF plant is scheduled

refiner, a Steinemann Satos 8

engineered panel products like

range); in sizes 8’x 6’ and 8’x 4’.

12 FDM Asia  July 2009 |

Industry News

Acimall Report Shows ‘Signals Of Recovering Confidence’

Rockworth To Manufacture Furniture In Chennai

Milan, Italy: In the first quarter 2009, the global economic

Chennai, India: Rockworth Systems Furniture (India), a

situation took a toll on the woodworking and wood-based

joint venture between Dubai-based Al Reyami Group

materials industry.

and Thailand-based Rockworth Public, will set up its

The periodical market survey conducted by the Studies Office of Acimall (the association of Italian machinery

first manufacturing facility in India at Sri City SEZ, a multi-product special economic zone in Chennai.

manufacturers) showed a 54.8 percent drop in orders

The memorandum of understanding was inked between

during the January to March period when compared to

Ravindra Sannareddy, MD, Sri City SEZ, and Sheikh Rashid

the same figures in 2008. The survey noted a ‘heavy’

Mubarak Saif Al Reyami, Chairman, Rockworth Systems

trend, with foreign orders down by 56 percent and

Furniture (India).

domestic orders down by 50.6 percent. Prices recorded

Rockworth Systems, a specialist in office furniture, is expected to invest close to US$16.8 million in the Indian

a 0.1 percent decrease. Despite the decrease of orders in the first quarter, the

facility and will employ over 300 people in its first phase.

survey showed some signals of recovering confidence,

According to the company’s press release, production is

especially in the international markets. According to the

expected to start in April 2010.

release from Acimall, “the beginning of 2009 seems to leave

Sri City, located some 55 km from Chennai, lays claim as the largest private sector multi-product special

room for moderate optimism”. The survey further indicated that some 30 percent of

economic zone in South India.

those sampled expected growth in foreign orders while 40 percent expected orders to stay at the same level. The remainder expected a drop in foreign orders. As for the domestic market, 17 percent of respondents expect the local market to expand while 40 percent feared further shrinkage. The remaining 43 percent of those sampled expect the domestic market to be stable.

SaleS executive - thailand DLH Nordisk is a

Milan, Italy: The economic

of industry has provided a

downturn has cut into

foundation for a recovery

in Denmark and has

orders received by European

after it gets through these

been in the timber

woodworking machinery

hard times.”

public listed company

business since 1908. We have companies

manufacturers as well.

The momentum that

However, according to a

European woodworking

press release by the European

machinery manufacturers

Federation of Woodworking

had gained a year before has

Please visit

Machinery Manufacturers

now ground to a halt, but for

(Eumabois), it is not a

they maintain their leadership

further information

crash into the abyss, as

position in the world market

woodworking machinery

– with Germany and Italy

manufacturers have been

the two strongest export

preparing for tough times.

countries, accounting for about

The release adds: “This sector

half of worldwide exports.

in 33 countries world‐ wide, employing ap‐ prox. 3,800 people.

We invite applicants for the above position: · Sales and marketing of timber raw-materials from around the world to furniture, flooring and panel manufacturers in Thailand for further processing · Experience from the timber industry/ trade is an advantage · Good in written and spoken English · Experience with MS Office · Domicile in Bangkok area Please send application with complete personal details to


Eumabois: Foundation For Recovery Prepared

DLH Nordisk A/S Mr. Flemming Thomsen Unit A, 16/F, World Trust Tower 50 Stanley Street, Central, Hong Kong | FDM ASIA  July 2009 905504_personeelsad.indd 1


5/28/09 10:25:08 AM

Industry News

Edward Parker/Tropical Forest Trust

Siempelkamp Acquires Hombak

ALPI Secures TFT Membership

Krefeld, Germany: Hombak Maschinen-

headquarters in Bad Kreuznach, a

und Anlagenbau has been acquired by

district in Rhineland-Palatinate area.

Siempelkamp Maschinen- und Anlagenbau.

The company reported a sales volume

With the acquisition, Siempelkamp is

of approximately €6 million (US$8.4

able to offer a range of products involved

million) in 2008. Hombak will continue to

in the front-end area of production of

market its products and services under

wood-based products. This includes

the Hombak name.

machines for material crushing (for flakers,

With Siempelkamp’s technical know-

chippers, and mills) to machines for

how, Hombak is set to improve its existing

material grading, as well as conveyor

machines and develop new machines for

systems and bunker installations.

the front-end area. The Siempelkamp

Modigliana, Italy: Since March 2007,

Hombak, founded in 1924, develops

the ALPI Group and the Tropical Forest

and manufactures its machines at its

Group achieved a total sales volume of €681 million in 2008.

Trust (TFT) have been cooperating in the establishment of sustainable management of ALPI’s forest concessions. This has involved the

Välinge R&D Centre Moves To Viken

implementation of a programme of

Viken, Sweden: Välinge has

for laminate and wood

is also equipped with the

technical, management and social

broadened its technology

flooring’, the facility offers

largest climate chamber

actions at the Group’s production

base from mainly locking

a machining line with 40

in the world allowing the

sites in Cameroon, Africa.

systems to all fields related to

tool station enabling the

testing of flooring surfaces

In a press release, issued by ALPI,

laminate and wood floorings

production of laminate

up to 1,000 m2. The new

Scott Poynton, TFT’s Executive Director

by extending its research

and wood floorings from

equipment will be used

said: “ALPI has shown significant

and development facilities.

57 – 2,400 mm in size.

to develop new flooring

commitment over our two-year

Its new R&D centre

A major part of the

technology and to make

cooperation focussing on specific issues,

is an investment of €35

facility is used to develop

samples and start-up

and deserves to be a TFT member.

million (US$49.8 million)

and to produce new floor

products for licensees.

TFT membership is not automatic:


and comprises 17,000 m

panels based on its Powder

The total investment will

it is only granted to companies that

of office and lab space.

Technology. According

be close to €50 million when

demonstrate real commitment to

Billed as ‘the most advanced

to the company’s press

installation is completed

sustainable forest management”.

R&D centre in the world

release, the R&D centre

sometime in 2010 - 2011.

Vittorio Alpi added: “Now that the whole company is working to obtain FSC certification, we believe that strengthening our relationship

Raute Expands Into Cutting Tools & Secures

with the TFT through membership

Nastola, Finland: In order to improve its service performance

is a wise, logical choice”.

to its customers, Raute has started cooperation with the

By becoming a member of the

Slovenian knife manufacturer Ravne Knives.

TFT, ALPI enhances its commitment

Cutting tools are seen as a natural addition to

to excellence in sustainable forest

Raute’s scope of products and services as they form


an essential part of many machines used. For eg: in

ALPI is a major international

the veneer manufacturing process.

industrial group operating in the

Ravne Knives, a producer of industrial knives, is

timber sector, with over 50 percent

supported by ISO 9001 Quality Assurance System.

of its production being based outside

Raute’s customers can now purchase high quality

its native Italy. Its concessions in the

Ravne knives for their Raute equipment directly through

African tropical forests cover over

Raute’s worldwide sales and service network.

425,000 ha in the Cameroon.

14 FDM Asia  July 2009 |

On a separate note, Raute signed a contract with

Industry News ������������������� �������������������

High Point Market Turns 100 North Carolina, USA: The High

included 29,468 retail buyers

Point Market celebrated its

and 14,769 designers. In

100th anniversary in April this

addition, some 2,475 buyers

year. With global recession and

returned to the market after

competing convention cities like

an absence of a year or more,

Las Vegas and Milan putting

and 7,807 were first-timers

on the glitz, total registrations

at the market.

for last April’s market suffered

The figures indicate the

only a minor dip of 8 percent

number of who registered

below the 2008 spring market.

for market, but the Market

The High Point Market

Authority does not release

Authority said registrations

actual attendance figures.

totalled 75,537, a figure that



The High Point Market began in 1909, about 20 years after the first factories started up to take advantage of the lumber and good railroad access. By 1925, North Carolina produced more wooden furniture than any other state. In addition to its manufacturing


central North Carolina has developed a local array of specialised skills including furniture design, advertising, photography, marketing, financing, and transportation.

Chinese-Russian Contract Chinese investors to deliver veneer mill machinery to Russia. The contract, signed during Ligna, was worth about €8 million (US$11.4 million) with the Chinese-Russian investment company Henda-Siberia. The new mill will be built in the Tomsk region in Russia. The contract comprises a log handling line, a peeling line, and a veneer drying and grading line. The contract, effective in June 2009, will see the deliveries taking place in late 2009 and early 2010. Henda-Siberia is a Russian company owned by Yantai Northwest Forestry and the Chinese Investment Promotion Agency of Yantai Economic and Technological Development Area.

Increase your productivity Increase your productivity with first classproductivity tools Increase with first your class tools with first class tools Increase the productivity of your producIncrease of your production. Withthe theproductivity Leitz Diamaster router proIncrease your productivity tion. With the Leitz Diamaster router proIncrease the productivity of your producgramme you increase your production gramme you increase your production tion. With the Leitz Diamaster router prowith first class tools output and convince by perfect results. output and perfect results. gramme youconvince increaseby your production Increase the productivity of yourresults. producoutput and convince As today, precision isby theperfect precondition of As today, precision is the precondition of tion. With the Leitz Diamaster router proany efficient production. And, of course, any cient production. And, of course, gramme you increase your production As precision precondition of thetoday, fieffi nish quality andisathe quality without the fi nish quality and a quality without output and convince by perfect results. any effi cient production. And, of course, any reworking. Because the products any the products the nish quality and a quality without thatfireworking. leave your Because that leave your As today, precision is thethe precondition any reworking. Because products of company are the company are the any effi cient production. And, of course, that leave your best reference best reference the new finishand quality company are the and a quality without for for new and any reworking. best reference already existingBecause the products already existing thatnew leave your for and customers. customers. company are the already existing best reference customers. for new and already existing Leitz GmbH & Co. KG Leitz Tooling Asia PTE LTD Leitzstrasse 1 Clementi Loop 04-01 Leitz GmbH2& Co. KG Leitz Tooling Asia PTE LTD customers. 73447 Oberkochen Leitzstrasse 2 Leitz GmbH & Co. KG Germany 73447 Oberkochen Leitzstrasse 2 Tel. +49 (0) 7364/950-0 Germany 73447 Oberkochen Fax Tel. +49 (0) 7364/950-662 7364/950-0 Germany Fax +49 (0) 7364/950-662 Tel. +49 (0) 7364/950-0 Leitz GmbH & Co. KG Fax +49 (0) 7364/950-662 Leitzstrasse www.leitz.org2 73447 Oberkochen Germany Tel. +49 (0) 7364/950-0 Fax +49 (0) 7364/950-662

Clementi West Distripark, 1 Clementi Loop 04-01 Leitz Tooling Asia PTE LTD Singapore 129808 Clementi West Distripark, 1 Clementi Loop 04-01 Tel. +65 64625368 Singapore 129808 Clementi West Distripark, Fax Tel. +65 64624002 64625368 Singapore 129808 64621209 Fax +65 64624002 Tel. 64625368 Leitz+65 Tooling Asia PTE LTD +65 64621209 Fax +65 64624002 1 Clementi Loop 04-01 +65 West 64621209 Clementi Distripark, Singapore 129808 Tel. +65 64625368 Fax +65 64624002 +65 64621209 | FDM ASIA  July 2009


ready supply of cheap local


Industry News

Biesse & Bacci Ink Distribution Agreement

Rudy Giuliani To Speak At NHLA Convention

North Carolina, USA: Biesse, manufacturer of high-tech

Tennessee, USA: Rudy Giuliani, the former

machinery and systems for wood, glass and stone fabrication,

New York City mayor and US presidential

has signed an exclusive distribution agreement with Bacci.

candidate, has accepted The National

Founded in 1918, Bacci specialises in the solid wood

Hardwood Lumber Association (NHLA)

and chairs markets as well as in 5-axis CNC machining

invitation to be its keynote speaker at the

centres implemented with operating software. The

2009 NHLA Annual Convention & Exhibit Showcase (October 1).

partnership establishes Biesse America and Canada as

Mayor Giuliani has been widely lauded for his steady hand

the sole distributor of Bacci machinery in the US and

during challenging times and, among his many accolades,

Canada, excluding the provinces of Ontario and Quebec.

was named ‘Person of the Year by TIME magazine.

Said Federico Broccoli, CEO of Biesse and Intermac in

“In this challenging and unique period in our industry’s

USA and Canada in a company press release: “The ability

history, Mr. Giuliani’s insight, wisdom and leadership experience

to offer customers Bacci technology allows for greater

in crisis management should resonate with convention attendees

expansion into the solid wood markets and will also create

as we all try to survive the current economic crisis,” said Ted

new opportunities in industries such as traditional furniture,

Rossi, NHLA President in a press release.

chairs, doors, aerospace, automotive, and plastics.” Biesse will supply all existing Bacci customers with

The four-day event will be held at the Sheraton Boston Hotel from September 30 - October 3.

technicians, support and parts.

US Now Leading Supplier Of Logs To Japan Washington, USA: With declining Russian

Japanese sawmills imported some

log shipments, the US has moved up

35 percent of foreign logs in 2008.

to become the leading supplier of logs

While imports of logs have fallen over

According to a report by the Working

to Japan.

the last decade, imports of processed

Forest, Japanese companies are likely

Japan is the second largest importer

products such as lumber, plywood

to increase imports of logs from New

of logs in the world after China. The

and fibreboard have shown advances

Zealand and North America. With an

import of logs to Japan has declined

during the same period.

expected increase in housing in 2010 – 2011,

only 17 percent (compared to almost 55 percent at its height in 2006).

for four consecutive years and was

Russia, considered a major supplier of

Japanese log import volumes are likely to

in 2008, 34 percent lower than the

logs in the country, has seen its numbers

rise. Countries expected to benefit from

previous year, says a report in Wood

eroding over the years. In early 2009, the

the increase in demand includes: USA,

Resource Quarterly.

country’s share of the pie represented

Canada, New Zealand and even Europe.

Amana Tool Goes Green New York, USA: Amana

mandate material recycling,

factories feature clean air systems

to keep the tool body instead

Tool of Farmingdale, New

water conservation and air

that prevent toxic emissions into

of replacing the entire tool.

York, has launched its green

quality preservation.

the environment. It recently began

This technology will help

manufacturing initiatives that

The company’s main

energy conservation practices

save raw materials such as

include environmentally friendly

production facilities recycle

to lower the company’s energy

steel and other alloys.

insert tool designs that save

all waste products, including

consumption at workstations

raw materials.

metals, oils and leftover raw

and compressor locations.

The manufacturer of

materials such as carbide

The company has a range

carbide cutting tools says

powder, reducing the cost and

of cutting tools that feature

its green initiatives include

environmental impact of the tool

replacement carbide knives that

energy conservation measures,

manufacturing process. The

can be changed, enabling users

16 FDM Asia  July 2009 |

Industry News China Focus

China Ups Its Tax Rebates

China’s Annual Timber Harvest Hits All-time High

Beijing: China has raised export tax rebates on

To shore up its exports, China’s overall

more than 2,600 items, including machines.

tax rebate rate is now stands at 12.4

The country’s latest tax rebate, which

percent. Besides the tax rebates, the

came into effect on June 1, is directed

local government has also pledged more

towards shoring up its exports during

than US$878 billion to aid small- and

this global downturn.

medium-sized companies to expand into

Beijing: The 2009 National Timber

the international markets.

Production Plan released by China’s

Offered by the country’s Ministry of Finance, it is the seventh in a series since

Xinhua further reports that China’s

State Forestry Administration (SFA)

August 2008 as the local government

exports fell 24.3 percent in the first four

forecasted that industrial roundwood

seeks to improve its industrial structure

months this year. But in April alone,

removal in the country will reach

and upgrade its export-oriented industries.

the decline rate was 1.9 percentage

100.39 million m³ this year, an all-

According to Xinhua news agency, the

points slower than the first quarter. The

time high in the history of China’s

Chinese government hopes that the rebate

month-on-month figure in April was 10.4

timber harvest, says the ITTO’s

would help spur the economy and reduce

percentage points higher.

Tropical Timber Market (June 1-15,

costs for the exporters.

The ministry aims to increase rebate

2009) report.

According to a notice jointly announced

rates on those high-tech and high-value-

The projected 100.39 million m³

by the ministry and the State Administration

added industries, at the same time, eliminate

timber harvest is nearly three times as

of Taxation, tax rebates vary from 5 percent

rebates on industries that consume too

much as the annual removal before

to 17 percent for a variety of listed items.

much energy and discharge pollutants.

the implementation of the Natural Forest Protection Programme (NFPP),

Taicang Port Timber Imports Show Increase

which was developed to protect China’s natural forests.

Jiangsu: Timber imports through Taicang Port in the Jiangsu Province

The Plan also cites that timber

recorded a surge of 46 percent (representing 330,000 m by volume). By

removed from plantations is 72.28

value, the imports reached US$36.8 million (a 3 percent increase over

million m³, with removal from natural

2008 figures).

forests at 28.11 million m³ by volume.


The Taicang Entry-Exit Inspections and the Quarantine Bureau credited the

According to the Plan, timber

increase to the port’s installation of a national timber fumigation inspection

removed in the five provinces in

zone. In addition, the port’s optimised efficiency to attract wider supply

South China, where plantations

sources and reduced storage fees helped propel the increase.

are dominant, amounted to 48.9 million m³, representing close to

Taicang Port

half of the total timber removed in China. Conversely, only 7 million m³ of

China’s Wooden Door Industry Expected To Excel

timber were removed in the stateowned forests of Northeast China and Inner Mongolia, where natural forests are dominant.

China: The development of the wooden

2010. The Wood Door Committee of the

The statistical data did show three

door industry in China is largely driven

China Timber Circulation Association

favourable changes taking place in

by market demand. Many producers

expects that domestic demand for wooden

China’s timber production practices:

have enlarged their scale of production

doors will exceed RMB60 million (US$8.7

major timber producing areas have

over the last couple of years with new

million) in 2008.

moved from north to south; timber

According to 2009 estimates, there

harvests have shifted from natural to

are more than 10,000 door manufacturing

man-made forests; and collectively

ITTO’s Tropical Timber Report expects

enterprises in China. Preliminary estimates

owned forests have become major

more furniture and flooring enterprises

indicate that 40 percent of wooden door

timber producing sources instead

gaining entrance into this sector with

enterprises have an annual output of

of state-owned forests.

improved production patterns in 2009 and

RMB10 million to RMB30 million.

entrants coming into the market to stimulate it further. | FDM ASIA  July 2009


Product highlights Titus: Cam 3000 & Combi Dowel

Makor: Gemini Edge Coating Machine The Gemini developed between Markor and Tecnolegno of the Markor Group is an automatic, single sided machine for inline sanding, buffing, cleaning, varnishing, drying and curing operations of solid wood, MDF or other material panels and profiles. The edge finishing plant offers a sturdy frame to support the bearing transmission system. Its vacuum head is able to apply paint in a separated suction area. This offers greater uniformity and prevents a heap buildup on the panel edges. The Moplen templates can be switched quickly thanks to its fast change device. To work a flat edge, there is a roller unit to turn to. The bottom sanding belt for double raised panels serves to complete the unit.

Titus offers a wide variety of cams and combi dowels allowing flat-pack furniture to be assembled easily. The range includes two new additions. The Cam 3000 comes with combined recess, a more efficient cam profile with smooth tightening action and greater pull-up. Its broad range of drilling tolerances ensures faster assembly and a strong joint. The design enables the use of combined slot and universal cover caps and its mainly intended for use with the Combi dowel. The Combi dowel M6 combines steel and a minimum of zinc. They offer greater resistance to torsion and pull-out while a depthstop collar ensures accurate insertion. Hardware solutions provider Titus is part of the TitusPlus Group.

Enquiry No: 5001

Enquiry No: 5002

Trada: Guidance Documents On CL Timber Trada Technology has published four guidance documents on cross-laminated timber (CL). • Wood Information Sheets, Cross-laminated timber: introduction for specifiers • Cross-laminated timber: structural principles • Guidance Document GD10: Cross-laminated timber – design guide for project feasibility • Guidance Document Worked Example 12-storey building of cross-laminated timber Cross-laminated timber offers opportunities to use timber in situations where designers would normally use traditional materials such as steel, concrete and masonry. As with any new structural material, it is essential that designers understand how to achieve its potential while respecting its limitations. Enquiry No: 5003

18 FDM Asia  July 2009 |

Wen Chih: Collet Holders Taiwan-based Wen Chih Machinery Industrial specialises in the manufacture of multishaft boring products for the woodworking industry. The company has just introduced its ISO 30 series and HSK63F series collet holders. The ISO 30 series and HSK63F series are designed to work with various router bits. Hardened and precision ground, the polished collet holders are fabricated with SNCM220 alloy, and offer stiffness and rigidity. It is also highly accurate in running test at speeds of 24,000 rpm/G2.5. Enquiry No: 5004

Focus Short Cycle Presses:


In The Future

A newly installed laminating line is helping a US furniture board manufacturer to face the challenges of the future. By George Hehn, documentation & marketing, Dieffenbacher Maschinenfabrik


n the midst of the green heart of the USA, in the heavily forested state of Montana, one of the most modern laminating lines for furniture boards has been taken into operation for the client, Roseburg Forest Products. Roseburg Forest Products was founded more than 70 years ago and is based in Oregon. It is one of the largest privately owned suppliers and processors of timber products and employs more than 4,000 people. The company operates production facilities in Oregon, South Carolina, California and other states of the USA, as well as numerous sales offices and shareholdings. Right from the planning stage of the project, the family-run company had specific ideas on what they expected in terms of productivity and logistics

is possible for the plant to laminate particleboards, MDF and HDF boards in 2, 3 or 4-board operation. To avoid downtimes associated with material supply and possible material bottlenecks, two loading roller conveyors and two board singling stations were provided in the raw board supply area. The singling stations are supplied via a fully automatic distribution cart. The singling function (directly ahead of the raw board cleaning station), can be performed either from the left or right of the feed roller conveyor by way of an automatic push-in system. This enables a continuous sequence of actions. There is a corresponding buffer module in the foil feed area as well. Here, it is possible to load new foil pallets on a two-daylight chain conveyor at each foil lay-up station. A pallet lift takes the supplied pallet and transfers it to the pallet lifting case. From here, the foil lay-up device picks up the foils and the press package is formed. Both daylights of the foil-lifting

The plant had a calculated investment framework and combines the dual benefits of production flexibility with those of productivity. for the plant. Following a planning phase of about three months, all the contracts for implementing the project were signed and sealed.

Managing Expectations The plant had a calculated investment framework and combines the dual benefits of production flexibility with those of productivity. It comprise the entire finishing process from the sanded raw board through to wrapping and assignment of the stack of finished and laminated boards. It

cage can be adjusted lengthways and crossways – independently of one another. This enables them to be automatically aligned according to the edge of the foil. The foil feed system configured in this way operates continuously, enabling new foil stacks to be prepared for subsequent production at the same time.

Precision Packed The foil lay-up area includes two stations with automatic lay-up systems. Each foil is controlled by light barriers and | FDM ASIA  July 2009



Raw board staging area with raw board loader shuttle and two singling stations

can be placed down accurately to the millimetre. With this, only a small amount of foil is left projecting, reducing the amount of waste material. The cleaning station for the incoming raw boards comes with motor-driven rotating brush rollers. These are height adjustable to suit the varying board thickness. Before a press package is loaded into the press, the foils have to be in close contact with the board to prevent the formation of air pockets. The ionization effect over the entire surface means the foils placed on the board are statically charged in the critical edge areas. This method is a more reliable way and serves to avoid damage during transfers. The press used is a Dieffenbacher short-cycle press unit type KT-SQ with 180 press cycles per hour. It is 7.7 metres in length and designed for two, three and four-board operation. This allows the manufacturer to produce a variety of board formats with greater energy efficiency and, use of available area. The press is designed as a down stroke press and due to the cylinder

20 FDM Asia  July 2009 |

arrangement, the press achieves an evenly distributed press of 3.5 N/mm² with a heating platen format of 1,650 x 7,700 mm. The hydraulic drive is controlled with proportional valves for speed, pressure and position control. As a result, it is possible to achieve the required results even at high speeds when using variable board formats, thickness values and foil properties.

both its length with an unbroken rail during the loading procedure. For added accuracy, the press pack is placed in the press by means of a motor-driven synchronous kinematic system. The travel movements of the loading and unloading system are coupled. Asynchronous servomotors with low-backlash gear units and frequency inverters are used in the system. The finished board is subsequently removed from the press via suction cups. A dry-running vacuum pump is used to dispense with the problems associated an oil bath. The caul plates are changed as complete sets ie: the top and bottom caul plates are exchanged at the same time in one operation. For this purpose, the press unit has plate-clamping units for clamping the bottom and top caul plates and, pneumatically-operated pack change units that can pick up the entire plate pack.

Loaded Up The Synchron Quick loading station is equipped with two working levels. Even when loading and unloading procedures are in process (in the press unit), it is possible to transport the next board with its foil into the lower working level. This is done by use of a positioning belt to move the board to the pick-up position, in front of the press. Once the loading device has moved back, the positioned pack is transferred to the loading trays by means of an electric motordriven lifting unit integrated in the positioning belt. The press pack transferred in this way is gripped along

The patented caul plate clamping system


Here the finished boards are stacked accordingly. The stacking station comes equipped with an automatic protection-board supply system. This serves to protect the top and bottom as well as the edges and surfaces of the finished stack of boards. At the Roseburg’s request, the entire system comes with an Allen Bradley sourced controller. The programme The programme structure was developed structure by Dieffenbacher uses a by Dieffenbacher visualisation computer. Ziasenhausen and uses a visualisation computer. Using the Wonderware software by Intouch, The caul plates are transported between the press unit and the caul plate store by means of the caul plate changing frame. This changeover system ensures that the caul plates are transported lying clamped on the changing frames, and accords them added protection. This system can also be used for the exchange of single plates. The foil projection (at the edges of the board) are removed in a four-side trimming system. The short ends of the boards being processed by three scrapers arranged in sequence and equipped with carbide tips. At the customer’s request, the lengthway sides of boards are trimmed by milling heads. An auger conveyor then transports the residual foil fragments to the extraction system.

the settings and parameters are offered in an easy-to-understand menu structure. Manual functions for setup and maintenance work can be performed in individual areas via local operating panels. Roseburg Forest Products sells almost all of its products in the North American market. It sees its investment in a Dieffenbacher shortcycle laminating line as a logical further step in the company’s drive for expansion. “This is an enormous step for our plant,” said plant manager Ken Cole at the commissioning of the new line. I believe it is the most important component we were missing in order to make us ready to face the challenges of the future.” FDM ENQUIRY NO. 5101

Final Touches ENQUIRY NO. 036

Following cleaning, the board runs through an automated Grecon monitoring system where its top and bottom surfaces are scanned. They are then assigned to a quality category, and to an appropriate stacking station. | FDM ASIA  July 2009



It's On The Level

Eric Goethals / FSC

Jochen Schoengart / FSC

There is a new sustainability standard in town that the commercial furniture industry has to live up to now. By Frederick D Muëller


urniture made according to environmental and social responsibility standards – that is what the Business and Institutional Furniture Manufacturers Association (BIFMA) sustainability standard aims to achieve. level is the multi-attribute, sustainability standard and third-party certification programme introduced by US headquartered BIFMA in early June, for the furniture industry. Created to deliver an open and transparent means of evaluating and communicating the environmental and social impacts of furniture products in the built environment, the new standard addresses how a product is sustainable from multiple perspectives. It takes into account a company’s social actions, energy usage, material selection and human and ecosystem health impacts.

Measuring Friendliness level will give furniture buyers an idea of just how energy efficient, ecologically friendly and socially responsible a solid-wooden desk or made-with-MDF wardrobe cabinet is – and, along the way, secure some green building brownie points as well. BIFMA, the trade association for the commercial furniture industry, representing firms in the contract furniture market

22 FDM Asia  July 2009 |

in North America, worked with third-party certification bodies NSF International and Scientific Certification Systems. Basically, they looked into various ways to compare the energy and its greenhouse-gas emissions from the materials used, in addition — the attendant social and ecological impacts associated with their manufactured item. According to the press release from BIFMA, with level “consumers can make informed choices about commercial furniture that exceed single attribute eco-certifications. The level brand identifies that a product has been vetted by an accredited third party certifier (NSF, SCS, or others) and its numeric marking 1, 2, or 3 indicates what threshold of certification it has achieved.” The release further adds: “Manufacturers – big and small – now have a methodology to present the environmental characteristics in a clear, easily understood manner with a vernacular that gives end users the ability to make an ‘apples to apples’ comparison.”

An Oversight Developed with the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) oversight in mind, level has to function in ways proprietary standards do not. The ANSI process requires


Heavy duty helical planer cutter head with disposable knives

Helical planer cutter head with disposable knives

Adjustable planer cutterhead

Safety corrugate cutter head

Single/double surface planer - helical planer cutter head with disposable knives

Welding helical planer cutterhead

All kinds of profile cutters


Eric Goethals/Forest Stewardship Council

full transparency, open and balanced participation in the standard’s creation, and a consensus based approach to dealing with all issues related to the standard. In essence, level certification assures that an accredited third-party has verified a specific product’s conformance to the standard. Inherent in the standard is an understanding that it is in a state of continual maintenance and review. This means that as part of the standard’s evolution, any emerging issues will be reviewed on an ongoing basis through the ANSI process as opposed to issues being addressed through a ‘batched’ approach. As a result, the level sustainability standard will be undergoing constant improvements that will be fully open to public input and discourse. In the standards world, this concentration on ‘real time’, continuous improvement for sustainability is necessary due to the growing body of scientific knowledge on these issues as well as the urgent need for actions to benefit the planet. The world of environmentally responsible products and manufacturing is now more clear. Commercial furniture that meets the demands of environmentally focused ENQUIRY NO. 5105 purchasing is now level. FDM

Planer cutterhead with disposable knives | FDM ASIA  July 2009





Once the focus was on the major cities of China, now AHEC is branching out into its secondary and interior cities. By Therese Tan


DM Asia met up with John Chan, American Hardwood Export Council’s South-east Asia & Greater China regional director (above pic), during his recent trip to Singapore. In a one-on-one interview with him, FDM Asia finds out more of AHEC's expansion plans in China.

FDMAsia: The financial situation today is affecting companies globally and regionally. Why is AHEC still taking on the Chinese market? John Chan: In 1992, lumber exports to China totalled US$1 million. This number increased to US$187.4 million by 2008. An estimated half of this went to the interior decoration segment, including flooring and furniture and joinery. The other half was used for exports. This showed a substantial growth of demand for US hardwood in China’s domestic market, although exports to China registered a 15 percent decrease in 2008 from 2007 due to the global financial crisis. While the crisis resulted in a slowdown on imports of US hardwood to China, a stimulus package of US$585 billion by the Chinese government has helped to improve spending conditions. China is also offering increased rebates of 11-13 percent VAT to furniture producers to

24 FDM Asia  July 2009 |

help ease their financial burden during the financial crisis. We have observed that the Chinese furniture market has expanded rapidly for the last five years. The country’s total furniture production in 2008 reached US$88 billion. One third of its production was for export, while two thirds were retained for domestic consumption. The next change in the country came from the relative ease to obtain home loans as a direct result of the stimulus package. New homes sales encouraged the buying of electrical appliances and, of course, furniture. This was reflected from the

growth in demand in the interior decoration sectors domestically. Ten years ago we saw applications of US hardwood only in hotels, commercial offices and high-end residential projects. But in the past five years, US hardwoods have been gradually used for interior decoration purposes in medium range residential areas.

FDMAsia: How have you been promoting AHEC in China? JC: Even as markets are facing difficulties, AHEC maintains the same marketing budgets in promoting our hardwoods. We held nine conventions in China,


on major cities in the country. Now we are branching into secondary and interior cities such as Shenzhen, Zhongshan, Dongguan, Guangzhou, Ningbo, Hangzhou, Shanghai, Suzhou, Nanjing, Changsha, Xian, Chonqing, Wuhan, Chengdu, Xiamen, Fuzhou, Dalian, Shenyang, Jinan, Qingdao, Beijing and Tianjin. As cost of production in coastal cities has been rising, more factories and production facilities are expected to move into interior cities. Moving inland will also serve the Chinese domestic market better due to the ease of transportation from the factories.

In addition, you will notice a definite shift to focus on the environment. Programmes are tailored to tackle issues such as sustainability, environmental credentials, legality and responsible procurement policies. This is beside the usual technical, lumber, veneer and flooring seminars held in cooperation with the various trade and designer associations in China. To promote the diversity of US hardwood in China’s domestic market, in 2003 and 2005, AHEC co-operated with a developer in two demo units in Shanghai to showcase American hardwoods in interior designs. These two projects featured hardwood species such as cherry, walnut, red oak and birch. We hope to impart more such knowledge on the use of US hardwoods, to architects and interior designers and homeowners ENQUIRY NO. 5104 in China. FDM

Even as markets are facing difficulties, AHEC maintains the same marketing budgets in promoting its hardwoods.

Welcome to the Future of Thin-Cutting Technology Thin-Cutting Frame Saws High-end thin cutting with WINTERSTEIGER frame saw technology means highest possible yield, incredibly smooth lamella surface and very fast Return On Investment. Made in Austria. Thin-Cutting Frame Sawblades Stellite & Carbide tipped No matter what kind of wood you are cutting, or what kind of frame saw you are using, WINTERSTEIGER has the perfect sawblade for you. You will experience the diff erence.


and one in Kuala Lumpur, one in Bangkok and two in Ho Chi Minh City in the past years. The association has conducted over 100 seminars and exhibited in over 50 trade shows in China and South-east Asia over the last 17 years. In addition, AHEC’s 14th SEA & Greater China convention on The Sustainability and Diversity of US Hardwood, is scheduled this coming June from 10-11, 2009 in Shenyang. At present, we cover 22 cities in China. Before, we used to focus only

Thin-Cutting Band Saws New band saw technology with feed speed up to 60m/min. Maximum precision with minimum cutting kerf starting from 1.0 mm!

WINTERSTEIGER SEA PTE LTD, 2 Ang Mo Kio Street 64 #05-03A, Singapore 569084, Tel. +65 6363 3384, Fax +65 6363 3378,, | FDM ASIA  July 2009



Cutting Tools:

Of Wood Working From the lumberjack’s axe and saw to powerful lasers, the array of cutting tools is a testament to the numerous ways of processing wood. By Augustine Quek


utting tools are used in wood working for a large number of uses, from sizing timber into smaller pieces by mechanical saws to cutting fine threads using grooving tools and holders. The ability to control the way wood is cut is at the very core of woodworking industry. This ability has been augmented by the wide array of tools and instruments invented throughout human history for this purpose. Wood cutting tools encompass a wide variety of apparatus, including bits, blades, abrasives, water jets and energy cutters like lasers. Routing bits, trimmer blades and even lasers can cut intricate and beautiful patterns, while larger saws and cutters size and shape blocks of wood.

26 FDM Asia  July 2009 |

Saw Blades: It’s In The Teeth Saws are vital in woodworking and are ubiquitous in every workshop. Saws date back to prehistory, and likely evolved from Neolithic tools or bone tools. The first saw was likely to have been a jaw bone of bovid animals, in the Pleistocene era. The modern serrated saw has each tooth bent to a precise angle, called a set. There are currently a few popular set patterns. The Raker pattern has three teeth in a left, right, straight sequence in a uniform set angle. The alternate set has every tooth set in an alternating sequence. There is also a multi-tooth sequence depending on tooth pitch with varying set angles. Different saw designs, with

different sets, shapes and sizes are suitable for different jobs. For example, a rip saw has a flat front edge for each tooth that is angled neither forward nor backward. This is ideal for rip cut, or a cut made parallel to the direction of the grain of the workpiece. Mitre saws are usually circular saws that can change its cutting angle precisely, in making bevels and crosscuts, or cuts perpendicular to the grain. When space is restricted when cutting is required, a jigsaw can be used for straight or curved cutting. There are also bi-directional tooth configurations that allow saws to cut in both directions with minimal burring. However, manual-powered saws have given way to electrically-powered ones. Power tools have not only increased the

Focus cutting force that can be applied consistently, they have also increased the flexibility of wood working with different settings and blades that can be used with one tool, such as the appropriate number of teeth, saw blade type, cutting speed and feed rate. Power tools are also more accurate. For example, a table saw not only cuts faster than a hand saw, but the cuts are smoother, straighter and more square than even the most skilled man can do with a hand saw.

Tool Bits: About Symmetry There is undoubtedly a huge variety of tool bits available for wood working, from drilling to routing to moulding. Tool bits include drill, holesaws, routers, and cutters of various types, and are used in just as many types of machines, like lathes, milling machines and machining centers. For non-rotary cutting tools, the cutting edge is ground to suit a particular machining operation and may be re-sharpened or reshaped as needed. Almost all high-

performance cutting bits use indexable inserts, meaning that they can be rotated or flipped without disturbing the overall geometry of the tool, such as its effective diameter or tool length offset. These inserts are made symmetrically for a practical reason: they can be rotated when the first cutting edge is dull, presenting a fresh cutting edge. Some inserts are even made so that they can be flipped over as many as 16 times, with as many cutting edges per insert. Tool bits can be made of many kinds of materials, such as high-speed steel

(HSS), ceramics, sintered carbide, and high carbon tool steels with the appropriate hardening and tempering. However, most tool cutters are now made of carbide or HSS, replacing the earlier kinds of tool steel in almost all cutting applications.

Energy Cutters: NonMetallic Forms Several forms of cutting using non-metallic tools exist. These include waterjets and lasers. However, these forms of cutting wood are still relatively uncommon and do not form a part conventional woodworking. • Waterjets Waterjet cutting works by forcing a large volume of water through a small orifice in the nozzle, causing the water molecules to rapidly accelerate. This accelerated stream impacts the material to be cut, exerting extremely high pressures over a small area of the workpiece. The high pressure impact causes the workpiece to develop small cracks within its structure, and eventually breaks when the cracks grow large enough. The waterjet also washes away any excess material from the cut. Waterjets complement other cutting technologies from blades and bits. No noxious gases or liquids are used in waterjet cutting, and waterjets do not

create vapors or hazards such as dust or chips. A waterjet cut surface also has no heat effected zones or show any mechanical stresses • Lasers Laser cutting uses a high-powered light beam to burn, melt or vaporise a surface. The high energy of the laser is due to the low-divergence light, or light rays that travels in roughly the same direction. The cutting takes place as a result of a chemical degradation process, where wood fibre is burned away and removed under the pressure of an assist gas. Due to this, the edges of wood articles cut by the laser process would appear charred. The traditional saw cutting method cannot match the level of accuracy and intricacy achieved by laser cutting. Moreover, the durability of the end product is greater and wastage of materials is minimised. However, laser cutting machines are still very expensive and not an affordable option for many. From the lumberjack’s saw to the tiniest milling tool to the most powerful lasers, the array of cutting tools is a testament to the numerous ways of processing wood. It is also testament to human innovation and technological capability in using wood, one of the oldest materials known to man. FDM ENQUIRY NO. 5111

Delcan Industries: Thin Kerf Band Saw Delcan Industries of British Columbia, Canada, specialises in the Stellite and carbide band saws and circular saws. The 1.5” - 2” Oregon Cobalt Alloy Tipped is a thin kerf band saw with its blade prepared with a wood band sawing backer material. The tips on this blade have great wear resistance allowing them to keep a sharp edge longer, and because of their composition they are resistant to the acids found in Cedar. The thin kerf reduces fibre loss in wasted sawdust and the blades can be sharpened approximately 10 times to provide a smooth finish on the lumber. According to Delcan, the saw offers a smoother, faster and quieter cut, with far less sawdust left on the boards than a spring set saw. The 1.5” saw is available in 1.5 mm (0.060”) and 1.9 mm (0.074”) kerf sizes while the 2” saw is available in 1.9 mm (0.074”).

ENQUIRY NO. 5112 | FDM ASIA  July 2009



Things To Consider Before Buying An Edgebander... It’s an investment that simply has to work. And, given today’s belttightening climate, it’s best to do your homework beforehand.


hile edgebanding is a key process for the competitive landscape of furniture manufacturing, there are a number of specific areas to consider before making the investment in an edgebander that works according to one’s expectations. With the diverse range of edgeband processing technologies that are being installed by woodworking enterprises everywhere, the industry is quickly moving towards the use of edgebanders that are able to offer better speed and highly sophisticated automated capabilities.

come with the latest laser technology for achieving “jointless edgebanding”. So a good knowledge of what the market has to offer is key. However, given today’s belt-tightening climate, it’s an investment that simply has to work. Questions like length of usage should be asked, the main purpose of

Wide Variety The automated edgebanding machines currently in the market are often packaged together with improvements in line productivity, flexibility in changeovers and system reliability. On top of that, a broadening range of edging materials and adhesive options are utilised by the furniture industry today – more advanced edge treatments that are being developed to prompt machine manufacturers to build edgebanding systems that are able to match up to new processing demands. This evolving trend is certainly evident in the development of laser edgebanding, for example, where edgeband makers are keeping in step with the advantages that

28 FDM Asia  July 2009 |

Mr Stefano Turriani, sales & marketing director, Biesse Asia

having the machine and what kind of applications will the machine be used for. In addition, besides its cost, should the edgebander be an automatic or manual version?

Points Of Consideration Industry experts say that generally, the first time purchasers of the machine make the mistake of buying one for the here and now. However, they should take into consideration the

future needs of the company. Stefano Turriani, sales & marketing director at Biesse Asia says: “You should take into consideration the capacity to absorb the level of productivity – in line with future development plans of the company. An investor should have a ‘feel’ as to what will happen in a market window of three to five years.” He adds: “Also consider the machine’s ease of maintenance, the user-friendliness of the machine (especially when there is more than one person working on it). In addition, the availability of spare parts and reliability of service through appointed dealers or direct presence of the manufacturer on the market.” When selecting an edgebanding machine, it’s best to scrutinise the quality of the working unit instead of how the paint shines or how sturdy it looks. An area of importance that Mr Turriani recommends would-be buyers to look into: the setting time requested. “It doesn’t matter what’s the working speed is if the operator has to continually change the kind of edges. He will have wasted almost half a day just to do this. So, flexibility is of the essence,” he says. “Talking about the productivity, I repeat that while speed may be important but, please, be careful. My

Technology edgeband materials that provide a durable, adhesive-free connection between edgeband and surface with an invisible joint. Showcased at this year’s interzum 2009 fair, the Raukantex edgeband material is applied to the surface utilising a ultra sound welding technique. Benefits come in terms of function and economics. For eg: through the laser edgebanding process, the moisture and heat resistance of the surface can be increased, while achieving a high-quality finish appearance. The machining side of New edgeband materials have been developed for the edgebanding sector is laser edgebanding responding in kind. At Ligna 2009, Homag unveiled its venture Plant output can be improved, along into laser edging possibilities with the with energy saving. Also the soiling of LaserTec system. the woodpiece and the downstream With the edge and panel being processing units can be reduced, connected by means of laser and not cutting down on maintenance and by heat, the edgebander cuts out the waste, as compared to processing time required for glue heating and the with polyurethane (PUR) hot melt technology does not require the use of ENQUIRY NO. 5204 adhesives. FDM an adhesive inside the machine.

concern centres on what is called ‘Panel Frequency’. To be clear: if two machines run 20 Mt/min and the space between panels is different, the final result, in term of numbers, cannot be compared.”

Edgebanding With Laser To further lead the way in edge treatment, the woodworking industry is starting to look at the functionality and precision offered by laser technology. Ongoing developments in laser technology for edgebanding products are giving the segment new life, with the potential to help set new standards in terms of quality and design for furniture components. The key here is to achieve a jointless process – by which, the edgebanding process leaves no visble joint – and this process is increasingly facilitated by compatible material and machine breakthroughs. Rehau has developed laser

Product Highlights Biesse: Versatile Akron 855K

DÖllken: ABS Edgebanding For LEED Points

As part of the Akron 800 Series of single-sided edgebanding machines

In anticipation of the ‘Green’

by Biesse, the Akron 855K comes with a base length of 7,000 mm.

trend, Döllken-Woodtape’s ABS

Offering a wide range of applications, it can be used to apply banding

edgebanding are made to be

materials of all types on panel thickness ranging from 8 mm up to 60 mm.

recycled or incinerated with

Pre-milling with auto-set, a quick-change dual-rotation Tekno glue system

general waste.

with pre-copy, and four-position end trimmers with Flex programme all combine to speed up changeovers and optimise production. Each working unit can be fitted with automatic pneumatic or NC servo-powered device, while the HSD Rotax electro-spindle motors provide power. Its NC controls and integrated electronics allow rapid changeover from one machining operation to another.

The product, with similar features as PVC edgebanding, comes in thicknesses of .018” (0.45 mm) to 3 mm and widths ranging from 5/8” (16mm) to 1-3/4” (45mm). Döllken-Woodtape’s ABS edgebanding was recently specified as a green product in a banking project in New York City in the US. The contractor typically uses PVC edgebanding, but they were having trouble getting it approved, so as an alternative, the contractor sourced DöllkenWoodtape ABS edgebanding instead. It was accepted as LEED compliant as it did not contain added urea formaldehyde. LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) standards are not product but building related and each product that is used in a building project has to apply for LEED points separately.


ENQUIRY NO. 5206 | FDM ASIA  July 2009




rofile wrapping is commonly known as the process by which a decorative film or veneer is applied on to a profiled substrate, by means of bonding with an adhesive. While traditionally used adhesives have their proven advantages, new adhesive systems have emerged to offer an even higher level of performance for specific applications – and often, the improved bonding is achieved through overcoming some of the drawbacks


30 FDM Asia  July 2009 |

posed by polymers such as EVA, such as a limited heat resistance.

Synthesising Method Indeed, the use of new raw materials can give rise to the development of adhesives for more specialised applications.


With profile wrapping becoming widely accepted as a finish option in the manufacture of profile-shaped furniture components, new approaches in adhesives are yielding positive results in the market. By Keith Boi

t wa

Strong Bonding

CPL materials have to be tested separately before use in serial production. When veneers are used, resilience forces must be observed, depending on the veneer thickness and on the design of the profile. And the development of even newer

The development of even newer adhesive formulations is currently under way, to allow for the wrapping of thicker CPL and veneer. Take Jowat’s latest generation of JowatToptherm 236.50 adhesives, developed based on a new synthesising method to create a new class of polymers that brings benefits to the profile wrapping process. According to Ulrich E Schäfer, VP of Jowat’s woodworking industrial division, this new product is a polyolefin-based hot melt that has been specially developed by the company. The resulting adhesive is said to be tailored for use in wrapping processes that use wide-ranging materials the likes of resinated paper foils, thin CPL, thermoplastic foils (with reverse primer) and thin veneers.

adhesive formulations is currently under way, to allow for the wrapping of thicker CPL and veneer. Mr Schäfer explains that woodworkers would particularly relish the long open time and processing performance, via slot nozzle, blade or roller, provided by the new adhesive. The higher measure of thermal stability is another key advantage – with deposits of thermal degradation within the machine parts conveying the adhesive brought to a minimum, cost and maintenance can in turn be reduced. For the Jowat-Toptherm 236.50, the softening point of approximately 110°C



Through the development of new adhesives, some of the common processing drawbacks can be overcome.

is considerably above the one for EVA hot melt adhesives and slightly below the softening point for conventional APAObased hot melts. This new adhesive also has a higher heat resistance in comparison to standard EVA hot melt adhesives for profile wrapping.

Nordson: Application Heads The Nordson PW series profile wrapping application heads are suited for coating paper, vinyls, veneer and other foils with hot melt adhesives that are applied onto profiles of varying shapes and materials. The application system processes demanding PUR hot melt adhesives, as well as other hot melt types. The PW applicators come in wrapping gun widths that range from 200 mm to 800 mm.

Gloss Edge

The closed system of the PW series prevents moisture and contaminants from entering the

Mr Schäfer is also seeing more furniture makers going into high-gloss applications with new sets of technology, and this trend shall impact the aesthetic outlook for profile wraps as well. “High-gloss surfaces are conquering the market: already they are everywhere, in kitchens, living rooms and bedrooms,” he adds. For this purpose, high-gloss thick foils are seen as the cost effective option for achieving “brilliant surfaces” on profiles, applied with a moisture-curing polyurethane (PUR) hot melt adhesive. And when suitable methods for colouring or patterning the foil are used, it is possible to achieve the optical effects of matte, aged or whitewashed products effectively, and in one single processing step, with the use of PUR hot melts. FDM

system, providing high bonding quality while reducing maintenance. Closed profile wrapping systems present an alternative for replacing open rollers and glue pots, which are time consuming and costly to maintain. Particularly when using reactive PUR adhesives, closed systems protect the adhesive from premature curing. Suited for processing veneer, continuous pressure laminate (CPL) and high pressure laminate (HPL), the PWII 350 adjustable profile wrapping slot nozzle showcases flexibility: a configurable number of modules, exchangeable nozzle assemblies and user-friendly web guides adapt the PW 350 II head to specific application requirements.


ENQUIRY NO. 5201 | FDM ASIA  July 2009




he steel belt is one of the most versatile tools available to industry and as far as the wood based panels industry is concerned, the steel belt is the fundamental machinery element in all continuous presses, be they rotation or double belt presses. Once the steel belt was introduced to the market in the 1950s, it didn’t take long for wood based panels (WBP) producers or press manufacturers to recognise this combination of qualities.

Q: How long can belts last? A: Steel belts are designed to have the same operating life as the press itself but, in practice, their working life will be limited by general wear and tear. The belts with the longest known operational life were installed by Sandvik in a Siempelkamp line in Meppen Germany, now owned by Sonae group. These ran for 13 years – producing thick MDF – before finally needing replacing in 2001.

• An excessively high percentage of rejects or lower grade board • Accidents during operation • Increased belt speed, eg: up to 120 m/min for thin board (glues and resins allow faster processing, hence more revolutions and bending cycles) • Inexperienced staff

Q: Why do I need spare belts? A: Accidents can and do happen and downtime costs can be very high. As a result, the loss of only a few days production can equate to cost of a new belt. If an accident happens, the support people will do their utmost to help, but manufacturing a new belt will still take several weeks. Your insurance

company may well insist that you keep at least one spare belt to keep your premium down.

Q: Are belts more at risk when a new plant is started up? A: Experience shows that it is particularly important to hold a spare belt or belts when starting up a new plant as the risk of damage through accidents is higher than normal due to inexperienced maintenance and operational people. However, even if personnel are welltrained, the start-up of new systems/ processes still carries an increased risk – such as from foreign particles, double-matting – especially when running thin board.

Q: What can reduce the working life of a belt? A: Many factors can adversely affect the life of a belt but primary causes include: • Too many instances of damage sufficiently severe to mark the board

Wood Based Panels:

Making Belts

Last Longer

Extending the working life of a steel belt takes on added importance in today’s quest for speed and increased productivity. By J O Jonsson, senior technical manager, WBP Industry, AB Sandvik Process Systems

32 FDM Asia  July 2009 |

Technology Q: Can variations in mat thickness cause problems?

Q: What other issues can result in damage to steel belts?

Q: What causes belt tracking problem?

A: The risk is greatest when you start up production and/or change thickness, or when you have a combination of thin mat, high density and high speed: the resistance of the mat may be too low in relation to the pressure of air inside the mat, causing it to burst and resulting in a local variation of the mat thickness. This could in turn lead to high stresses in the belt of such magnitude to cause permanent deformation. Local deformation will eventually result in cracks of the steel belt. During normal running, the risk is lower – unless you have a very light and dust-prone wood fibre. Speed of steel belt and feeding belt must match exactly.

A: There are many, but here are a few: • Metal objects in press (but most modern lines now have metal detectors) • Uneven mat forming • Glue lumps • Tracking problems • Chain breakage • Mistreatment of belt edge(s) • Poor cleaning – too much dust and chips • Fires caused by oil and dust • Unsuitable lubricating oil or excessively high temperature that carbonises oil • Troughing • Roller and chain condition can also affect belt life • Wrong pressure setting

A: Belt displacement can be caused by a number of different factors, but 80-90 percent of such problems result from matforming. Other possible causes include: • Deviations, distortions and tolerances in respect to the optimum straightness. • Varying pressure, temperatures and speeds. • Uneven tensioning of chain or rollers can have an extremely negative impact on belt tracking.

Show your tool costs the teeth: with Board Pro III

Q: Why shot peening? A: One of the most common problems in the press is belt deformation in the form of elongation of the back or roller side, caused by rollers or a chain making an impression on the surface.

Kanefusa Corporation Japan Phone: +81 587 95 7221 Fax: +81 587 95 7226 E-mail: P.T. Kanefusa Indonesia Phone: +62 21 897 0360 Fax: +62 21 897 0360 E-mail: Kanefusa Malaysia Office Phone: +60 3 92 057721 Fax: +60 3 92 057720 E-mail:


Exclusive from Kanefusa: the T.C.T. panel saw blade Board Pro III. With specially developed tungsten carbide and extremely low-vibration steel plate. In the sizing and finish cutting of raw and coated board materials, this ensures up to three times the machine uptime in comparison with other saw blades. Machine availability rises and tool costs fall. Kanefusa. Not Japan's leading manufacturer of quality tools for nothing. Now available from highly service-oriented distribution partners in your area. | FDM ASIA  July 2009


Technology The result is a curled or troughed belt and the most efficient method of repair is shot-peening. Using compressed air, hardened steel balls of different size (depending on the belt thickness and grade) are blasted onto the belt surface in order to achieve an elongation, or to even out the stresses between product side and back side of the belt. When the differences in stress and elongation are eliminated, the belt is once again returned to its original flat condition.

Q: Can the upper belt and lower belt be of different thickness? A: Yes, but their respective speeds will have to be adjusted individually. Check the adjustment by marking both belts at the inlet and outlet to see if the marking coincides.

Q: What is the best way to detect a crack? A: Most cracks can be detected by the naked eye – look out for visible oil marks on the board or visible light reflection on the belt surface (edge cracks). Other methods include: • Magna flux test • Penetrant test • MilliQ test

Q: How long can a crack be before you have to repair it? A: Transversal cracks are the most common and can be up to 25 mm at the belt edge or 50 mm inside the belt before they must be repaired. Longitudinal cracks can be longer than this as risk of belt rupture is much less, but remember that it is easier to repair a short crack than a long one!

Shot peening with the QuickBlaster

thickness can be increased to the next nominal standard dimension, ie: • from 1.8 to 2.0 (2.3) mm • from 2.0 to 2.3 mm • from 2.3 to 2.7 mm • from 2.7 to 3.0 mm

the longitudinal weld. It also gives the defect-free surface needed for production of unsanded board.

Q: Is it better to work with a thicker belt?

A: Yes, thin MDF is more demanding, requiring closer tolerances for thickness and surface finish of the belts.

A: Thicker belts are certainly more resistant to hard particles and dents and less susceptible to troughing. However, a thicker belt is also more sensitive to fatigue due to surface defects, and the bending stress is higher.

Q: Why is grinding necessary? A: Grinding improves the thickness and flatness of a steel belt, especially over

Q: Is there a difference between belts for MDF and particle board?

Q: Can different widths be produced in the press? A: Yes they can but in order to avoid deformation of belts the press should not run too long with narrower width belts (maximum two to three days at a time with up to 600mm (2ft) ENQUIRY NO. 5102 difference). FDM

Sandvik: Steel Belt Guide Sandvik Process Systems has published the 4th edition of its steel belt guide for professionals in the wood based panel industry. The latest edition provides information relating to the different production processes pioneered over the years by WBP equipment manufacturers, and

Q: Is it possible to change to thicker belts?

explains the relative strengths and benefits of each.

A: The basic answer is yes, but the plant manufacturer must be consulted first. Most presses are designed so that the

Siempelkamp, Dieffenbacher, Hymmen, Pagnoni, Held and, in the past,

34 FDM Asia  July 2009 |

With input from virtually every major name in the industry, including Küsters and Metso Panelboard (Bison) too, the 52-page book serves as a guide to current technologies.



Laminate Worktops:

Sealing & Installation For colour selection and affordability, laminate worktops come out tops. However, the trend towards thinner laminates and thicker chipboard cores are posing challenges during setup. By Vaughan Taylor, section head – materials technology, FIRA


aminate surfaced worktops have been the fitted kitchen industry’s proverbial workhouse surface for some 40 years or so. Their high durability characteristics, almost limitless surface design options, low maintenance and relatively low cost is testament to their longevity as the most commonly specified kitchen worktop surface option. Whilst the basic make up of this type of worktop has remained essentially the same, the subtle changes in surface design and texture as well varied options for edge profiles has kept the product lively and fresh within the marketplace. In the early days of worktop

manufacture decorative surface laminates were relatively thick, often 1 mm or greater, and in this form of construction it was important to balance the panel on the reverse face with a non-decorative laminate of similar type and thickness to ensure panel stability. The backing laminate also provided an effective barrier against water ingress.

A Question Of Size Nowadays the majority of laminate surfaced kitchen worktops are constructed from a wood-based particleboard substrate (chipboard), typically 28 mm or 38 mm thickness, and surfaced on the decorative

face with a 0.5 mm - 0.8 mm thick post forming grade laminate. The trend toward using thinner laminates, whilst undoubtedly lowering manufacturing costs, was primarily employed to allow the forming of tighter radius bends along the front edges of worktops. The potential for post forming laminate with bends down to 3 mm radius became possible, thus allowing the production of ‘squarer edge’ styles of worktop having a continuous surface appearance. However, the use of laminates of thickness much less than 0.5 mm may prove unsuitable for worktop applications due to lower impact resistance, mainly of concern along front edges. Additionally, the masking of the coarse particleboard cores of thick worktops can present a problem when using thin laminate, particularly in the case of high gloss or plain light colourways. Generally, the effects of combining thinner laminates and thicker chipboard cores has eliminated the need to fully balance panels and the use of a fully matched backing laminate is now largely omitted by the majority of producers. To some degree the reduced ‘pull’ of thin laminate and the increased bending resistance of the thicker chipboard core has removed the need for a balancing laminate on the back surface of worktops.

Bowing Problems Most kitchen worktops are now supplied with either a resin impregnated kraft paper or resin coat backing. However, it should be recognised that such worktops are effectively unbalanced and that some bow may develop following production. It is therefore particularly important that care is exercised during production to ensure that moisture content levels within the particleboard core and laminates are correct for the intended service environment. Extreme differences here can still result in bowing problems. | FDM ASIA  July 2009


Panels wall. This will provide adequate initial Worktops with bow levels up to protection against, for example recently 0.5 mm over 600 mm span should re-plastered walls, but it is imperative that not present major difficulties during this is supplemented by additional sealing installation as this level of curvature between tile and worktop. The use of can normally be pulled out when fixing moisture resistant grades of chipboard can down to the base units. Bow levels provide improved resistance to degradation greater than this can present difficulties caused by water ingress but such boards when installing and jointing worktops particularly those requiring a ‘mason mitre’ flush surface joint. Cover strip type joints, requiring a flanged plastic or metal fitment, are less problematical. Generally worktop bow problems are rare in respect of replacement kitchens but excessively damp conditions present on building sites have been known to cause difficulties. It is therefore important that worktops are correctly stored on site in dry conditions Spiral-cutting router bits and retained within their provide a glassy smooth finish in woods that polythene wrappings until are normally prone to required for fitting. chipping or tear-out.

All Sealed Up The correct sealing of worktop edges is equally important. The exposed short edges of rectangular worktops are normally sealed by adhesive bonded edging strips matching the surface laminate. As the kitchen fitter normally carries out this work the quality of bonding is less easily controlled but should not present major difficulties. The long back edge of a kitchen worktop is normally factory sealed with either an edging strip or hot rolled wax or resin sealer, which completely fills the open pores in the edge of the chipboard. Where worktops are supplied without a back edging or seal, or where the sealed edge is cut away as part of the installation procedure, then sealing of the exposed chipboard edge must be reinstated. Sealing can be carried out on site using a silicone, acrylic or similar sealant before fitting to the back

36 FDM Asia  July 2009 |

will not eliminate swelling problems and hence should not be considered an excuse for poor installation practice. Similarly cuts outs required for sinks, pipe cut outs and so on should also be sealed to prevent water ingress. Most worktop manufacturers also make provision for a factory, applying front edge seal in the form of a hot wax or PUR resin coating applied to the immediate front edge of single post form worktops or at the laminate return edge in the case of

double wrap post form worktops. This provides an additional defence against water ingress into the core board.

Joints Required Perhaps the most difficult and vulnerable aspect of worktop installation is that concerning the jointing of runs of worktops. The cover strip system, popular with DIY’ers is reasonably straightforward and more forgiving of installation errors. Worktops are simply straight cut to length and sealed on the cut edge with silicone sealant or similar. The cover strip is screwed and bonded to one worktop edge and the adjoining worktop fitted into position. Additional sealant underneath the cover strip will ensure a good ‘belt and braces’ water-resistant joint. The downside is that the raised appearance of the cover strip is not to everyone’s liking. The ‘mason mitre’ is perhaps visually preferred but this type of joint requires specialist routing jigs and some skill during installation to ensure a waterproof joint. Of primary importance is achieving a perfectly flush surface at the interface between abutting worktops – not always that easy if the worktops have developed some bow. Various worktop jointing sealants are available and these are available colour matched to the worktop, thereby increasing the visual masking of the joint line. If carried out correctly and ensuring thorough coverage of the raw chipboard edges and sound bolting between worktop sections, such joints will perform satisfactorily over the lifetime of the kitchen. Wherever possible worktop joints are best positioned away from excessively wet areas to minimise the risk of water ingress. Understandably this is not always easily implemented but joints close to sink areas and continually under water or directly under a hot leaky kettle may struggle to perform over the long term.

Panels Production Of Laminate Worktops

Use Of A Diffuser The greater use of under worktop appliances, washing machines, dishwashers and tumble dryers has resulted in an increased risk of water damage to the underside of kitchen worktops. The normal kraft or resin seal, applied at the time of manufacture of the worktop, is not always fully effective against water vapour and associated condensation emitted from appliances and some form of additional sealing of the under surface of worktops at the time of installation is advisable. A secondary vapour proof strip or foil bonded to the underside of the worktop, often termed a diffuser, is advisable in areas likely to be subject to such water damage. An alternative to the above is the use of a special backing paper incorporating a plastic water vapour barrier and applied during worktop

manufacture. This will ensure protection over all underside areas of the worktop. The method of tiling the wall behind a worktop is also an important factor affecting the long-term performance of worktops in service use. All too often, tiles are set immediately above the worktop with just tile grout to fill any gaps. This is inadequate and good practice requires a 3-5 mm gap between the top of the worktop and the bottom edge of the tiles for filling with a silicone sealant. This thickness of sealant provides an impermeable ‘gasket’ and ensures a waterproof barrier with enough elasticity and strength to accommodate small movements and deflections at the junction between worktop and tile. Plastic laminate worktops are available in a wide range of profiles including both single and double post form wrapped front edges. Even square edging strip designs

have seen a renaissance – design ways a full circle back to the original early worktops before the advent of post forming laminates. In certain situations, where prolonged or heavy deluges of water over the front edge are likely to be encountered, the specification of a double post from profile can help to minimise water penetration problems. The radiused under edge profile is particularly effective in shedding water from the worktop. FDM About FIRA… Established 60 years ago, the Furniture Industry Research Association (FIRA) with its industry knowledge, raises performance throughout the furniture supply chain by offering research, information, testing, consultancy, customer service and after sales service to the furniture and DIY markets. Based in the United Kingdom, FIRA membership is open to all sectors of the UK and international furniture supply chain, including manufacturers, suppliers, retailers and specifiers.

ENQUIRY NO. 5301 | FDM ASIA  July 2009


Executive Insights

Wolf-Gerd Dieffenbacher President and CEO of Dieffenbacher

Light At The End Of The Tunnel The industry is encouraged to prepare for the eventual upturn by taking advantage of the readily available new technological developments.


olf-Gerd Dieffenbacher, President and CEO of Dieffenbacher is urging the industry to take proactive steps amid the current economic downturn, to turn from despair over today’s recession and to prepare for the eventual upturn by taking advantage of the readily available new technological developments. Speaking at the 43rd annual International Wood Composites Symposium at the end of March, in Seattle, Washington in the US, his keynote speech emphasised a need “to recognise the pressures on the raw material supply side, pointing out that the composites industry’s traditional sources of raw material are the sawmill and plywood mills.”

Potential Markets He added that the ‘down side’ these plants now face, are its greatly reduced output, which translates into less available wood waste, or the purchase of more-expensive fibre to keep operating. “This means competing with government-sponsored biomass power plants for the same wood

38 FDM Asia  July 2009 |

source, thus raising the cost. It also can mean less available and overly expensive raw material for industry.” Mr Dieffenbacher received this year’s Distinguished Service Award in recognition of his significant contributions to the wood panel industry at the symposium. In his keynote speech, he added that while environmental protection costs are now higher, cheaper resin costs have become a plus factor for mills, thanks to lower oil prices. On the global front Dieffenbacher’s CEO remarked on the “huge potential for additional consumption of wood based panels in Russia, China, India and South-east Asia.” He noted that Europe and North America have ‘topped off’ in per capita panel demand without further growth between 2003-2006.

Reduction Of Resins Taking a global look at today’s economic crisis, he observed that the answer lies in the short-term reduction of production

Executive Insights Dieffenbacher’s CEO Inducted Into Hall Of Fame Wolf-Gerd Dieffenbacher, president and CEO of the Dieffenbacher Group

Dieffenbacher Acquires Majority Shares In SWPM

received the Distinguished Service Award from the Engineering faculty

The Dieffenbacher group has concluded

of Washington State University and,

an agreement with Kronospan group

at the same time was inducted into

with regard to the take over of the

the faculty’s Hall of Fame.

shares of Shanghai Wood Based Panel

The US university organises the

Wolf-Gerd Dieffenbacher receiving the Distinguished Service Award from Prof Dr Robert Tichy, Washington State University

Machinery (SWPM).

annual International Wood Composites

By becoming a majority shareholder

Symposium in Seattle, Washington.

at SWPM, Dieffenbacher is strengthening

At this year’s 43rd symposium Mr

its position in the Chinese market.

Dieffenbacher was presented with

According to the company’s press

the distinguished service award in

release, SWPM, located close to the

‘Recognition of Significant Scientific

Volkswagen Shanghai facility, is the

and Industrial Contributions in the

most accepted local supplier in China

field of Wood Composite Materials’.

for wood based panel production plants.


SWPM produces multi-opening lines for MDF and particleboard and short cycle lamination lines as well as

Taking a global look at Today's economic crisis, he observed that the Answer lies in the Short-term reduction of production costs by using alternate raw materials and lowering resin consumption.

presses for HPL. It recently developed the 4 ft wide continuous press. SWPM and Dieffenbacher production programmes are complementary and as such, the company does not expect any negative effects for its employees in Germany. Besides its presence in Shanghai, Dieffenbacher has a sales and service company in Beijing and a manufacturing facility in Changzhou. The company expects a lower

costs by using alternate raw materials and lowering resin consumption. He spoke of the need for vital steps to be taken to reduce resin usage in today’s panelboard plants. Resin (and all its uses and applications) remains one of the largest single expense in the manufacture of today’s vast product line of wood composite materials. Furthermore, he added, if wood-using mills can take advantage of today’s technology, they will be better positioned to reap the financial rewards as the economic needle swings into recovery. For example, he encouraged the search for new panel products to fill “lucrative niches.” Long-term, he foresees “very favourable conditions for wood products with growth

on a global scale as population increases.” His observations were similarly endorsed by other speakers in Seattle, especially in the realm of improved technical controls in MDF, PB, plywood and LVL. Other speakers included Lynn Michaelis, Vice President, Chief Economist for Weyerhaeuser, who provided information on the economic and wood composite panel market outlook; and Shobhan Mittal, Director of Greenply Industries in New Delhi, who discussed the status of forests and the composite panel industry in India along with potential markets and applications. Social event supporters included Dieffenbacher, Flamex, GreCon, Metso, and Siempelkamp. FDM ENQUIRY NO. 5801

order intake for 2009. Based on the order intake of the last two years, it forecasts a 10 percent increase in turnover for the current business year with a group turnover of €330 million (US$469.5 million). The wood unit is expected to contribute 80 percent to the turnover with aid from its newly developed products including: mechanical dry blending systems for MDF; microwave mat preheating systems for particleboard and MDF; energy generation systems; cleaning and drying systems plus, a line for direct digital printing on board surfaces.

ENQUIRY NO. 5803 | FDM ASIA  July 2009


Materials �Surfaces

Timber Frames:

Smooth Transitions Efficiency of wood in multi-storey dwellings. Contributed by Kevin Hayes, APA- The Engineered Wood Association


he Tokyo suburb presented a setting for an experimental construction. Summit House, a 500 sq m, three-storey building was built in just eight months and was designed to show to its Japanese audience both the beauty and efficiency of wood for use in multi-storey dwellings. The structure, designed by architect Yugi Noga of Tokyo, incorporated a selection of engineered wood products

40 FDM Asia  July 2009 |

such as non-veneer APA performancerated sheathing panels, I-beams fabricated from laminated veneer lumber for flanges and orientated strand board (OSB) for webs. Laminated veneer lumber was also used for headers, beams and in the construction of a special sunroom. Prefinished performance-rated lap siding was used on the exterior. Traditionally, buildings in Japan

have been post and beam construction. But since the mid-90s, the Japanese housing market has been increasingly turning to Western construction experts for alternatives. Summit House demonstrates the benefits of the more robust US-style timber frame buildings (plywood sheathed, prefabricated 2x4 construction) for this earthquake-prone area. FDM ENQUIRY NO. 5501

Materials �Surfaces

Product Highlights DTS: High Gloss Thermoplastic Foil

Egger: Gloss Surface Texture

Manufacturers of decorative surfaces hardened by electron beams, DTS Systemoberflachen GmbH, has launched its latest thermoplastic foil product line at Interzum. ELESGOtherm is a thermoplastic foil made from PVC, ABS or PET and cured using an electron beam technique. It offers a high gloss surface, and is scratch resistant to 2 – 3N. In addition, the chemical resistance of ELESGOtherm is matched against EN 438 standards, setting a grade 4 – 5 in various tests conducted. Available for 2D-application and flat lamination with widths matching those offered by its Elesgoo range.

The new gloss finish surface texture ST30 by Egger offers a gloss level of 103 and a good scratch resistance. With its visual appearance providing an impression of depth, ST30 is suited for use as carcass material and frontals as well as in shopfitting, exhibition stand construction and partition walls. Uni colours with the new surface texture can be integrated into a coordinated interior design concept with matching edgings and laminates. Eurodekor boards with the gloss finish surface texture have a stock programme available consisting of 10 decors in matching combination. All woodgrains as well as uni colour papers with a high grammage can be produced with ST30 applied on both sides of the boards.

Enquiry No: 5511

Enquiry No: 5512

Huwil: Furniture Fitting Solutions

Lama: Soft Closing

Huwilift from the TitusPlus Group has introduced its latest addition to the Huwilift Electric Opening range. With its multi-control unit that enables up to five cabinets to be operated by a single control unit, the new range is able to reduce the number of components to be installed and increases cost efficiency. Another, the Huwilift Free, is a lift-up door opening system that enables an effortless door lifting action, even when the user’s hands are occupied. Features include a touch-control function which ensures that the door remains open in any position the user leaves it and a damping mechanism that allows a door to close softly, regardless of its size and weight.

Soft door closing enhance a furniture user’s experience and perceived value. Lama’s Glissando offers an 'one for all' damping system that suits a variety of hinge applications. Using only one piece of Glissando per two to three hinges is required. A quarter-turn adjustment provides closing speed for different door dimensions and weight. Three new additions to its range include a stand-alone damper that offers tool-less installation on the side of the cabinet into the standard 32 system of holes. The Glissando 170i fits on a 170-hinge design and comes with adjustable damping force while the Glissando 125 is a snap-on version for gentle door closures with 125 degrees opening angle.

Enquiry No: 5513

Enquiry No: 5514 | FDM ASIA  July 2009


Hardwoods & Softwoods Hardwood:

FRENCH OAK Recognised for its longevity, the French oak offers straight grain and fine texture.


rance has a long forestry tradition that dates back several centuries with oak accounting for one third of the forests, representing a surface area of more than 4 million ha. All the country’s state-owned forests that were formerly royal estates, locally owned public forests as well as private products forests are recognised through PEFC certification. With 3 million m3 of logs exploited annually (see Table 1), the French oak harvest is equivalent to the entire harvest of other European countries.

Table 1

Oak In France Surface area of French forestry Surface area of oak forestry Volume of oak/ha Oak growth 5.7 m3/ha/year Production of oak sawn timber

16,925,000 ha 4,175,000 ha 159 m3 5.7 m3/ha/year 900,000 m3/year Source: Afocel 2008

Oak Quercus Pedunculata; Quercus Sessiliflora Roble Europeo

Figures given at 12% moisture content

Conditions of implementation

(straight-grain timber and free from defects)


Average density 710kg/m3


Total average volumetric shrinkage 15.3% Brinell hardness perpendicular to 32 N/mm2 the fibres

Jointing Finishing Carry out with caution

Modulus of rupture under bending 97 MPa Rather easy

Very easy

Breaking stress under axial 58 MPa compression Modulus of longitudinal elasticity 12 500 MPa under bending

French oaks are generally about 40 meters tall

Oak heartwood has naturally high durability. It

much appreciated in wine barrel production

with a diameter of up to 1 meter. Valued for its

is used without any treatment (Class 3: timber

and traditional frameworks. Its durable

straight trunk, the slow growing trees make up

exposed to weathering). Sapwood is easy to treat

properties enable oak to be used for exterior

an annual sawn timber production of some

and after impregnation, Oak can be used in Class

uses (decking, piling, etc) as well as for

950,000 m3.

4 (contact with water).

manufacturing railway sleepers.

General Characteristics

Main Uses

The clear oak sapwood is distinctive from its

Thanks to its easy machining, oak is often meant

yellowish brown heartwood. It is mainly a straight

for cabinetmakers, interior (flooring, stairs, edged

grain wood with a heterogeneous structure.

glued panels) and exterior joinery. It is also very

42 FDM Asia  July 2009 |


Hardwoods & Softwoods The Oak Boule: French Nobility The boule (or ‘plot’ in French) is made of sawn boards that are a reconstituted into the original shape of the log, non-staining spacer stickers separating each plank. Generally, boules like those produced in the Mutelet sawmill (located in Eastern France, not far from Switzerland), are of exceptional quality. Available in relatively small quantities ie: not more than 5 percent of the total volume of oak harvested from French forests, says Henri Mutelet, who runs the sawmill. In addition, the products have minimum diameters of 55 cm, lengths of 3.5 m or more, remarkable straightness and very few knots inside the wood. The selection is guaranteed by the European standard EN 975-1 grading that the majority of French oak sawmills use. Boules come in large widths and lengths, allowing the user to achieve high materials yields. In addition, as all sawn timber produced come from the same log, the wood is perfectly homogenous in terms of grain and colour. The boule is intended for premium-quality applications such as furnishing, renovation, fittings, furniture manufacture, stairs, doors, windows, wooden floors, all of excellent craftsmanship. “The boule represents one of French oak’s truly noble products,”


says Mr Mutelet.



This resource is used mainly to supply national sawmills, with a tiny portion of the sawn logs and other peeler logs being exported abroad without being processed on-site. Out of the 2,000 sawmills operating within France, approximately 40 percent work with hardwood and concentrate on oak as their principal resource. French sawyers produce almost 1 million m3 of sawn oak timber a year, a production figure that has been stable for the last decade. European appearance grading standard EN 975-1 for sawn timber guarantees the user that purchases correspond to specific dimensional and qualitative characteristics. Besides sliced veneer and cooperage, boules form another key product of French oaks. A large and handsome tree, remarkable for its longevity, the oak is used for a variety of products. Cant pieces used for railway sleepers or switch ties are available without chemical treatment as oak is naturally resistant to the vagaries of damp environments (Class 4). Longer cant pieces such as baulk are used in construction. Selected boards, standard dimensioned lumber and strips have multiple uses in furniture, decoration, construction, renovation, carpentry, wooden flooring, etc. Square-edged oak timber is also a made-in-France specialty and complements the range of boules used by craftsmen. The square-edged oak is usually intended for manufacturers looking for more standardised products. Square-edged timber is available in all dimensions and in qualities adapted to the requirements of purchasers. “Square-edged timber, also available in fixed dimensions depending on the order, is ideal for kitchens and wooden flooring, particularly in large widths,” says René Maechler, the director of a French company running a sawmill near Strasboug, in the Eastern part of France. From exceptional to standard quality products, French oak offers a wide variety capable of satisfying the needs ENQUIRY NO. 5606 of a large group of users. FDM Credits: Extracts with permission from French Timber 2009. | FDM ASIA  July 2009


Hardwoods & Softwoods a tree (sapwood) will normally contain few or no extractives while the extractive penetrate permeable latex or oil-based (heartwood) can be very high. Since the face veneers may come from different areas of a tree, it is not unusual for plywood to have considerable variation in extractive content.

Finish Discoloration Extractives are soluble in various solvents such as water, alcohol and benzene. When a wood substrate containing sufficient moisture, the extractives may water-soluble extractives is exposed to dissolve and migrate to the surface of the wood. This phenomenon can lead to discoloration (ie: extractive staining) of finishes – especially light-coloured finishes. The moisture required to dissolve extractives may develop from the application of water-thinned finishes in conjunction with other sources of moisture already present in the environment or the wood.

Staining of Finishes From Water-Soluble Wood Extractives

There are several ways to prevent extractives from reaching the topcoat and discolouring the finishing. By APA-The Engineered Wood Association


any wood species, such as redwood, western red cedar and Douglas-fir, contain natural chemical compounds known as extractives. These extractives have no significant effect on strength properties of the wood or on gluelines of plywood. Some extractives are coloured in

44 FDM Asia  July 2009 |

various shades of yellow, red and brown. Others are colourless. Among other properties, extractives help instil the natural colour and beauty of wood. The concentration of extractives may vary greatly between species, between trees and within a tree. For instance, the wood just inside the inner bark of

In this case, the discoloration may develop during or soon after application of the finish. Extractive staining may also develop months after the finish is applied. For example, if water-soluble extractives are present in sufficient quantity but not enough moisture was present at the time of finishing to dissolve them, the

Hardwoods & Softwoods extractives may still be dissolved by subsequent moisture from heavy dew, rain, or condensation. The moisture can wet and content of the inner part of a tree finishes. It then dissolves the extractives and allows them to leach out through the finish. The intensity of extractive staining is frequently associated with the colour of the wood. Darker coloured woods often stain more heavily than lighter coloured woods. However, its occurrence is difficult to predict. It may occur on one panel but not on another. Or it may even occur only on certain portions of a panel face.

Removal of Extractives A good test to determine if extractives can be removed from a finished surface is to scrub the finish with a 8:08 mild AM 20649_Service.qxd 2/13/07

we combine the

Page 1

The intensity of extractive staining is frequently associated with the colour of the wood.

customer service Without the ability and desire to provide real service to customers even the


best lumber means very little. At Baillie creating satisfied

with the best

customers and developing long-term relationships is key to everyone’s


success. Service not only means delivering great

and create

product, but it’s about answering questions


honestly, returning phone calls promptly and treating our customers professionally.


SOLUTIONS THAT WORK it’s not just a’s a solution.

4002 Legion Drive / Hamburg, NY 14075 / 716-649-2850 / 800-950-2850 / Fax 716-649-2811 / | FDM ASIA  July 2009


Hardwoods & Softwoods detergent solution using a soft bristle brush. Then rinse thoroughly with clean water. If this approach is effective, all discoloured surfaces may be cleaned in a similar manner. In some instances, the extractives will wash away during weathering and virtually disappear. This is normally the case if the staining is not heavy and it occurs during the beginning of the rainy season. When staining occurs at the end of the rainy season or during the summer, ultra-violet light and air may chemically alter the extractives so that they are no longer water-soluble. If this occurs, re-finishing may be necessary.

Finishing Recommendations Whether the wood surface is new or has been previously finished, liberal application of a paintable water repellent to all exposed edges and ends prior to priming and/or top coating will help to minimise the ingress of moisture into the wood. Extractive staining is most frequently associated with light-coloured one-coat finishes. Discoloration of finishes from extractives is not as apparent when earth tones or dark colours are used. The extractives may still migrate to the surface of the finish, but they are not as noticeable because they blend in with the finish colour. Finishing with these colours is generally the simplest solution to avoid discoloration from extractives. The best method for retarding extractive staining is to use a primer formulated to prevent the extractives from reaching the surface of the finish coat. One way of accomplishing this is

46 FDM Asia  July 2009 |

to use a primer which forms a physical barrier (film) that blocks the migration of the extractives. High quality latex or oil-based primers may be so formulated. Another method is to use a stain-blocking latex primer that is formulated to chemically react with the extractives. This type of primer is often discoloured by the water-soluble extractives. However, if the primer is effective, the extractives should not discolour the topcoat.

topcoat occurs, another prime coat may be required. If no discoloration of the test area is observed, proceed with application of the topcoat over the previously primed surface.

Previously Finished Wood

As discussed earlier, extractive staining may occur soon after application of a finish, or months later. If discoloration from extractives occurs over a previously finished surface, the solutions are similar to the procedures outlined under New Wood. If using a darker colour or earth tone is satisfactory, select a small test area that is the most heavily discoloured and apply the finish. If the appearance is satisfactory, proceed with application of the new finish. If a lighter colour is preferred, apply a stain-blocking primer to the test area. Then proceed according to the procedures outlined under New Wood. For best overall protection, durability and Variety of wood species and stain general finish colours available from YourNuDoor using the Environ factory finish. performance on The thermoplastic acrylic topcoat plywood, one cladding forms a protective film that provides a barrier against UV light to two coats and pollutants. As its formulated of acrylic latex with waterborne technology, the coatings are low in emissions and primer formuoffer an environmentally responsible approach to finishing. lated to prevent extractives from reaching the topcoat are recommended (consult To test the effectiveness of a primer finish manufacturer’s recommendations). in preventing extractive staining, select a The topcoat should be compatible small area of the primed surface that is with the primer, preferably an allmost heavily discoloured by extractives. acrylic latex formulation from the same Make sure that the primer is dry. manufacturer. FDM ENQUIRY NO. 5605 Apply the topcoat to this area and allow it to dry. If discoloration of the

MARKET REPORT Malaysian Panel Products Industry:

Climate Of Change


The panel processing industry is one of Malaysia’s fastest growing sub-sectors within its woodbased industry. However, given today’s economic conditions, only the more ingenious are able to forge ahead. By Dr Jegatheswaran Ratnasingam, Faculty of Forestry, Universiti Putra Malaysia.


he wood-based industry is the second most important commodity sector in Malaysia, and it contributes an average of 8 percent towards the country’s annual gross domestic product (GDP). One of the fastest growing sub-sectors within this industry is the wood-based panel processing industry, which has been growing steadily at an average of 3 percent over the years. And, the demand for wood-based panel products such as plywood, particleboard, medium density fibreboard, oriented-strand board and laminated veneer lumber (LVL) is expected to increase on a global scale. These wood-based panels are also known as wood composites, engineered

wood products and reconstituted wood products – as they refer to wood products that are manufactured to specifications that minimise the natural weaknesses of the solid wood resources. All these wood-based panels are reconstituted of wood elements of various dimensions that range from veneer, particle, fibre, strand, etc. Although the supply of large diameter peeler log resources has been on the decline over the years, particleboard and medium density fibreboard has been gaining market interest in Malaysia.

Plywood Takes A Tumble The Malaysian plywood industry started in the 1920s and the plywood was

manufactured using the Malaysian timbers such Kembang Semangkuk (Scaphium macropodum), Mersawa (Anisoptera spp), Nyatoh (Palaquium spp), Meranti (Shorea spp) and Rubberwood (Hevea brasiliensis) are widely used for manufacture of plywood. To date, there are 165 plywood processing mills operating in the country with a combined production capacity of 650,000 m3 per annum. However, plywood production in Malaysia has been on the decline with production figures of 515,000 m3 recorded in 2008. From this total, 245,000 m3 of plywood were exported primarily to the nations in East Asia and Middle East. In terms of export value, plywood registered earnings of US$1.7 billion in 2008, but this number is expected to drop due largely to escalating competition from cheaper producers in Indonesia and China. The price of plywood of thickness 4mm, 6mm and 9mm were US$4.5, US$6.7 and US$10 per sheet respectively in late 2008, while shuttering board of 12 mm thickness was traded at US$13.5 per sheet. Although the plywood manufacturing industry in Malaysia is beginning to lose its lustre primarily because of the short-supply in peeler logs, the industry remains somewhat viable in the East Malaysian states of Sabah and Sarawak. The productivity of plywood mills in West Malaysia remains lower | FDM ASIA  July 2009


Angela Sevin, San Francisco, US


Sarawak Timber Association organises seminars, dialogues, meetings and training courses for the benefit of its members.

than those of their counterparts in East Malaysia. This is attributed to: insufficient investments into the latest technologies, escalating production cost and depleting wood supply. Despite these challenges, the demand for tropical plywood remains strong in the global market and plywood millers are using their ingenuity to overcome these challenges to forge ahead in the global marketplace.

Particleboard: Steady As She Goes Particleboard is manufactured from wood particles, such as wood chips, sawmill shavings and agriculture residues or even saw dust, and a synthetic resin or other suitable binder, which is pressed and extruded. In Malaysia, Rubberwood (Hevea brasiliensis) and mixed hardwoods form the raw materials used to produce the particleboard. To date, there are 16 particleboard-manufacturing plants in operation, with a combined capacity of 500,000 m3. In 2008, the total particleboard output in the country was 385,000 m3, with an export earning of US$100 million. Although exports account for about 73 percent of the production capacity, domestic demand for particleboard has been holding steady due to the country’s

48 FDM Asia  July 2009 |

booming furniture manufacturing sector. The main export destination for Malaysian particleboard is East Asia, Middle East and South Asia. The price of particleboard in the Asian market has also acted on its behalf – holding steady at about US$180 per m3. However, particleboards are faced with increasingly stiff competition from medium density fibreboard.

of 1.2 million m3 in 2008. MDF exports amounted to US$435 million in export earnings in 2008. This figure represents about 5 percent of total wood-based export earnings. MDF boards of 4mm, 6mm, 9mm and 12 mm in thickness were traded at US$3.5, US$4.7, US$5.5 and US$9.5 per sheet, respectively in 2008. Although East Asia, South Asia and Middle East are the

The demand for wood-based panel products such as plywood, particleboard, medium density fibreboard, oriented-strand board and laminated veneer lumber is expected to increase on a global scale.

MDF: Increasing Domestic Demand In Malaysia, Rubberwood (Hevea brasiliensis), Acacia mangium and mixed hardwoods form the raw materials used to produce the MDF. To date, there are 14 MDF processing mills in operation in Malaysia (nine in Peninsular Malaysia, three in Sarawak and two in Sabah). With a combined production capacity of 1.4 million m3 per annum, Malaysia has emerged as the third largest exporter of MDF in the world, with an export volume

main export markets for Malaysian MDF, the increasing demand from the domestic furniture market is expected to impact the export performance of the sector in the foreseeable future. At present almost 85 percent of production capacity is exported, but this growth trend is expected to decline in the future. From an industrial perspective, the MDF industry in Malaysia has also experienced greater consolidation compared to the particleboard and plywood industries over the years.

MARKET REPORT Such business strategy is driven primarily by the capital intensive MDF industry that necessitates large-scale operations in order to remain buoyant in the market. However, particleboard and plywood are niche-market products that have come under increasing market share competition from MDF suppliers.

Challenges Ahead In terms of industrial productivity, the Malaysian MDF and particleboard sectors are highly competitive as these industries employ the latest in technology (as opposed to the plywood manufacturing sector which has been experiencing steady decline in technological investments over the years). See Table 1.

remains to be seen in the years to come. Recently, two new fibre resources are being explored in the manufacture of wood-based panels in Malaysia. Oil palm biomass and kenaf (a member of the hibiscus family) are being hailed as crops that can help solve the problems associated with limited raw materials supply. However, preliminary research and development on industrial fronts have shown that successful commercial actualisation with the fibre resources remains a long way away.


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The Way Forward The Malaysian wood-based panels industry has progressed much over the years, and the industry is expected to show


Utilised Proportion of Main Challenges Capacity (%) Export (%)


Installed Capacity (m3)





Supply of Raw Materials






Supply of Raw Materials





Supply of Raw Materials



Although the cost of resins/adhesives and energy has been on the rise, the MDF and particleboard industries have been able to cope with these cost increases through technological approach. In fact, the Malaysian MDF and particleboard industry has been environmentally compliant to most of the regulations imposed by the destination markets, in terms of product certification, formaldehyde emission, etc. Nevertheless, the single biggest concern of wood-based panel products manufacturers in Malaysia is the future availability of sufficient raw materials supply. In order to allay these fears, the government has embarked on a large forest scale plantation programme, which is expected to overcome the wood materials supply deficit in the future. However, the success of this ambitious program

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Future Outlook


positive growth in the future amidst the challenges faced. Through innovations, productivity enhancement and R&D value adds, the industry is poised to ride the wave of competition. Thinner boards, direct-printed boards, laminated boards, overlaid boards, cut-to-size boards are some of the product variations offered by wood-based panel manufacturers to remain competitive. As the supply of solid wood declines further, wood-based panels is expected to expand its applications into non-traditional areas held previously by solid wood resources. With the ability to engineer products to preferred specifications, the future of the wood-based panels industry in Malaysia remains promising. After all, wood-based panels can be re-engineered to remain on a directed growth path. FDM ENQUIRY NO. 5405

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    ˜™ š••›œž Â&#x; ¥‚™ž ŠƒÂ? ŠÂ?ž ­Â?  ˆ ¢š£ž ­Â?Â? ­ƒ™– Â¤ÂœÂœÂĽÂ›Â˘Â›ÂšÂŚÂšÂ§Â›Â¨Â•Â¨Â¨ ŠÂ?– Â¤ÂœÂœÂĽÂ›Â˘Â›ÂšÂŚÂšÂšÂ›ÂĽÂŁÂŁÂŁ ª›Â?– ƒ““ƒ™‚ƒÂŤÂ?™ƒ™ƒ –™ƒ““ƒ›‚ƒ™ ™ | FDM ASIA  July 2009



Source: IFRG (2008)

Table 1: Status of the Malaysian Wood-Based Panels Industry


Russia's Renewal Plans The country is looking towards increasing their own industrial base – and its wood-processing capacity. By Frederick D Muëller.


ussia offers a total area of 1.2 billion ha of forestland and forests (outside forest fund) representing some 69 percent of the country. Stocks of wood in forests account for 82 billion m3 representing more than a quarter of world reserves. However, the country contributes only approximately 2.3 percent in global

timber production and 2.8 percent in the timber trade. In addition, only 20 percent of its harvested wood goes through further production. In April 2009, US-based Discovery Research Group completed a study of the Russian market for wood-based panels and plywood. The report, showed that the value of Russia’s domestic

market for timber and forest products amounted to more than US$4 billion (excluding wood fuel, waste, wood chips and shavings). According to the Russian Forestry, the report showed that some 47 percent of its market is dominated by raw wood (industrial roundwood, including sawlogs, pulpwood and other materials) and its domestic wood product market is valued between US$2 – US$2.5 billion.

In Retrospect Sawn timber in 2008 accounted for more than 50 percent of the market segment with plywood taking a 40 percent share and hardboard panels and particleboard taking a 10 percent share. The Discovery Research Group forecasts a further increase in the market of wood based panels and plywood due to expected increases in construction, repairing and finishing works in its markets. Up to 2008, the Russian timber industry has been steadily growing. However, the global financial crisis and, the increased export customs duties, has since taken a toll on its industry. The volume of timber harvested declined by almost 22 percent – from 206 million m3 in 2007

50 FDM Asia  July 2009 |


JGC Forest of St Petersburg, Russia, offers spruce and pine sawlogs; birch, aspen and coniferous pulpwood; birch, aspen and coniferous firewood, woodchips and wood pellets.

to 162 million in 2008. And, according to Russian State Statistics Service, the export volume of round logs reached 36.7 million m3. Exports of timber and sawn timber in 2008 from Russia are estimated to be worth some US$8.8 billion, of which US$3.4 billion are for raw wood required for further production (valued at an estimated value of US$10.2 billion). As a result of the export customs duties imposed on roundwood (E10/ US$13.30 – in 2007 to E15 per cubic metre in 2008), the percentage of exports to foreign countries in 2008 decreased (2.3 percent in 2008 versus 3.4 percent in 2007). Despite the postponement of the Russian log export taxes (set for E50 per m3 by the end of this year), many countries – including Japan, China and Finland – have already turned to the markets in the US, Canada and New Zealand for alternatives.

Self Renewal Plans It has become increasingly evident that Russia would like to broaden its industrial base and become less dependent on raw-material exports. By gradually making raw timber exports more expensive, Russia is trying to force foreign companies to consider

moving their wood-processing capacity on its own soil. The country plans to enter a new phase of the industry’s development – with long-term forest planning based on the sustainability, and expanded contributions to the socio-economic development of the country. Timber production is being stepped up with its Minister of Forestry

demand in the market. So far, this year seems to be a promising one as some 17 major timber complexes (from the total of 20) are in operation, a significant improvement from the original eight that were recorded at the beginning of this year.

A Question Of Size With the recent opening of the Russian’s

The country plans to enter a new phase of the industry's development – with long-term forest planning based on the sustainability, and expanded contributions to the socio-economic development of the country.

Complex, Vladimir Yuryev recently reporting an increase in production numbers in the Olonetsles, Ladenso, Porosozero, Shuyales, Leseko Nord, Lahdenpohsky, Svedvud Karelia and Kostomuksha regions. Already, this year, the country’s federal budget allocated for forestry industry came up to 17.6 billion rubles (US$535.2 million), an increase from 17.1 billion rubles in 2008. However, the Ministry added, further growth is dependant on the recovery of

largest wood processing company, the country’s exports are predicted to be more active in the world’s market soon. The new woodworking complex situated in the Boksitogorsk district is the result of a joint project between the Austrian Mayr-Melnhof Holz GmbH and LSR Group. The investment is worth some E80 million and in its first phase, located on a 24-ha sawmill area. In its second phase, a factory will be constructed by 2010, for the production of glued laminated beams. In total the | FDM ASIA  July 2009


MARKET REPORT Direct Building Supplies, California, USA

plant, complete with access roads and railway line, will occupy some 42 ha of land. The facility will offer an annual output capacity exceeding 650,000 m3 of roundwood and 350,000 m3 of finished lumber per year. Spruce will be its main raw material and about 80 percent of its supplies will come from Boksitogorsk and Tikhvin districts of Leningrad region. Besides supplying its own domestic markets, the company will be exporting its products to Japan, Western Europe, and the United States. The country has also looked at improving the logistics behind the

Russian (Baltic) Birch lumber

timber sent out from the Lesosibirsk Timber and Sawmilling plant (in Krasnoyarsk region). From the port of Novorossiysk, the packaged timber is transferred to ships for export to the countries in the Mediterranean within a two-day period.

Coming Soon

The annual production of timber in Russia is more than 500 million m3 and this figure is predicted to grow.

transport of timber and timber products to its export market. In late April this year, Pervaya Gruzovaya Co started the ‘Siberian Express’ running timber from Lesosibirsk to Novorossiisk. The first train on the route was loaded with 4,000 m3 of packaged

52 FDM Asia  July 2009 |

The annual production of timber in Russia is more than 500 million m3 and this figure is predicted to grow. While the government’s policies do not serve to encourage the export of timber, it does however, create an impetus for the development of harvesting and integrated timberprocessing sectors within the country, and the upgrading of production techniques. Investors can gain easier access to the forest resources and a permit to sell the value-added wood-based products almost duty-free. Given the low production costs, the government is sure that Russian products will remain competitive in the global markets. FDM ENQUIRY NO. 5402

Russia’s Export Duties The Russian government decree no: 982, issued in December 2008, said that it would postpone the last raise of export duties by 12 months. The gradual increase of round log export duties started in January 2007, moving up to 25 percent in April 2008. The next increase (up to 80 percent) was to be made in January this year, but due to current economic situation, implementation of new export duties was postponed for a year. The decision to increase export duties for its timber remains in conflict with the efforts by World Trade Organization to promote and liberalise world trade. An unpredictable customs policy will make international companies less willing to make investments in Russia. Export duties cannot be considered an acceptable means of promoting investments because, at least in this case, they are a clear trade restriction and, ultimately, will have impacts similar to export bans. For example, no export duties on timber are collected in the EU, USA, Canada or Brazil. ENQUIRY NO. 5403



ust few weeks ago, the world’s biggest woodworking show Ligna closed its gates in Hannover, Germany. Despite of a loss of 4 percent in exhibitor numbers, the show is widely considered a success. For the woodworking industry worldwide, Ligna is the lighthouse in stormy seas. Even with 22 percent less visitors, most exhibitors were satisfied – as the business activity exceeded their expectation. The keynote theme ‘resource efficiency’ proved to be a direct hit. A large number of exhibitors incorporated this motto into their presentations, and worldwide visitors gave the megatrend for the next decade great attention. Nevertheless, this success will not be the turning point in the current economic downswing. Many projects in Asia as well as in other parts of the world are on stand-by due to a lack of financing partners. Consumers in the big markets for South-east Asian made furniture, the US and also the EU, are reluctant as

Ingo Bette: “Now is the time to prepare for the next growth phase.”



Showcasing the latest German woodworking machines, materials and components to respond to the changing business environment.

their credit line is much tighter as in the past. It may take some time – maybe even years – before their buying power has recovered to the level of early 2008, before the crisis started. What should the Asian timber industry do in the meantime? Surely it will not be enough to just wait inactively until times get better. Now is the time to prepare for the next growth phase, to question any aspect of one’s business approach, to catch up with necessary adaptions that have been postponed for too long already, in short: To do the entrepreneurial homework. Those who are able to react flexibly to the changing business environment, for instance manage to source raw material favoured by customers from reliable

origins, or are successful in binding a skilful workforce, will be ahead of the competition when consumer request picks up again. Offering the right product at the right price, and time, is crucial – this may mean solid wood garden furniture in one year and solid wood or even panel board indoor furniture the next. This kind of flexibility constantly brings new technological challenges. Luckily, when bearing these one can rely on experienced partners. German manufacturers have introduced numerous innovations at Ligna 2009. Some of them are featured in this issue of FDM Asia. Many more are waiting for you.

– Ingo Bette VDMA Marketing Director | FDM ASIA  July 2009


g: Triple Mix Mix standard permits, for the first time ever, of the performance of panel-sizing saws.


HOMAG Holzbearbeitungssysteme AG Company HOMAG Asia Profile Pte. Ltd.

729504 SINGAPORE Following the invention of the world’s first edge banding machine Tel: +65 using the63698183 hot-cold technique in 1962 by company co-founder Eugen Hornberger, HOMAG has now taken another step towards revolutionising the world of edge processing with an innovative

new technique by the name of laserTec, which takes the quality of edge and panel connection to a whole new level. The development earned HOMAG the Innovation Prize at the LIGNA 2009 Innovation Symposium.


Latest Innovation – HOMAG revolutionizes Edge Processing - LaserTec Because the colour of the functional layer is identical to the edge decor material, a jointless transition from the edge to the panel is guaranteed after pressing. The result are edges conforming to a previously inconceivable standard of quality. In contrast to conventional techniques, the new diode laser ensures a consistent and homogenous standard of product quality on the very highest level and consequently – also due to the extreme ease of operation – enhanced process reliability. The quota of rejects and also personnel deployment needed for follow-on processing and finishing

The greatest problems encountered to date in the processing of edges are associated with the use of conventional hot melt glues. The consequences: unproductive heating-up time, and in many cases soiled workpieces and processing units. These systems call for additional storage of adhesive and also necessitate changeover of the glue tank with every change of colour. Added to this is undoubtedly the greatest drawback from the quality point of view: A visible join is created between the edge and the panel. HOMAG Holzbearbeitungssysteme AG has invented a new technique which has already been developed to series maturity and is setting whole new standards in the field of edge processing. The best news first and foremost: The edge and panel now form a perfect unit without any visible join – coupled with optimum gluing results and outstanding economy. These benefits are all achieved using the patent-registered laserTec technique.

This involves joining the edge and the panel with an aligned laser beam which oscillates to melt a wafer-thin functional layer of the edging material. This laser-active layer made of special polymer is previously applied to the edge, eliminating the need for any additional hot-melt glue and with it the associated heating time, meaning that the plant is immediately ready for production. Unproductive waiting times are consequently just as much a thing of the past as the need to exchange glue tanks when changing to a new colour. Because there is no longer any need to procure separate glue, not only the material input but also the logistical effort involved in its purchase and management are eliminated. Another bonus of this innovative method: It substantially reduces the incidence of soiled workpieces and downstream processing units and tools. Laborious cleaning work is no longer required, and system availability is enhanced.

For Further Information, Please Contact Homag Asia Pte Ltd No.68, Sungei Kadut Loop, #04-00 Nutzcentre, Singapore 729504 Tel: +65 63698183 | Fax: +65 63698313 Email: Contact Person: Bernd Schwarze

54 FDM Asia  July 2009 |

are substantially reduced. HOMAG laserTec can be used to process all customary edging types currently available in the market. The overall effect of using HOMAG laserTec is to enhance productivity due to a substantial improvement in plant efficiency. Staffing costs for repair work, finishing processes and waiting times are markedly reduced, as is the incidence of rejects. As a result, and due to the lower energy consumption, the system facilitates extremely economical operation. But its single most important benefit are perfectly finished edges with outstanding visual appeal in an unbeatable standard of quality. ENQUIRY NO. 5906


Jowat AG

– your partner in bonding Company Profile The Jowat AG with headquarters in Detmold is one of the leading suppliers of industrial adhesives. These are mainly used in woodworking and furniture manufacture, in the paper and packaging industry, the textile industry, the graphic arts, and the automotive industry. The company was founded in 1919 and has manufacturing sites in Germany in Detmold and Zeitz, plus three other producing subsidiaries,

the Jowat Corporation in the USA, the Swiss Casanin AG, and the Jowat Manufacturing in Malaysia. The supplier of all adhesive groups is manufacturing over 70,000 tons of adhesives per year, with around 650 employees. A global sales structure with 15 Jowat sales organisations plus partner companies is guaranteeing local service with close customer contact.

Latest Innovation – Jowatherm® 280.50 Reliable processes, clean bond results The Jowat innovation for edge and profile: Hot melt adhesive Jowatherm® 280.50 Detmold.- When edgebanding and profile wrapping is made by roller application and using hot melt adhesives, the quality of the finished items depends on various parameters - for instance on good compound strength data, safe processing and easy finishing procedures. The Jowat AG in Detmold has developed an innovative adhesive which fulfils all of these requirements perfectly: Jowatherm® 280.50 convincing due to a long open time, a high hot tack, and developing a very good compound strength with reduced grammage. These are the best preconditions to make a production most efficient, while also reaching top level product quality. All processors are aware of this problem: When hot melt adhesives are applied by rollers, a certain combination of unfavourable processing parameters will lead to a marked stringing effect. The Jowat AG, in Detmold carried out in-depth research to find the causes for this phenomenon. The result: The stringing is not only enhanced by a wider roller pattern but also slow feed speeds. Additionally, a higher

temperature during application and processing, as well as a higher adhesive grammage, will reinforce the stringing tendency - but exactly these factors ensured up to now the most reliable processing with regard to the compound strength to be reached. For excellent compound strength levels and a reliable process combined with easy finishing without soiling by stringing, Jowat has found the key to success in a formulation which exhibits a corresponding open time respectively hot tack, accompanied by a reduced adhesive grammage. These findings led the adhesive specialists at Jowat to formulate another innovation:

Jowatherm® 280.50, the optimum for edgebanding and profile wrapping, and wellsuitable for roller and nozzle applicators. "The new and multi-purpose hot melt adhesive - Jowatherm® 280.50 - really provides the answers and solves the problems faced by the processors, at the same time offering a good cost-savings potential," declares Ulrich Schäfer, Industrial Division Director Woodworking, Construction and Furniture. "Soiling of the chain belts and pressure rollers, resulting in a sustained reduction of wear on the machines, will be an issue of the past." Reliable processes, clean adhesive results - due to Jowatherm® 280.50.

Other Product Range 1. Jowat-Toptherm® 236.50 Jowat-Toptherm® 236.50 is a new hot melt adhesive for profile wrapping. The polymers used for this new product group JowatToptherm® are based on a new synthesizing method for tailor-made polymers. Jowat-Toptherm® 236.50 contains an exclusive polymer designed for the sector profile wrapping – and this provides the best results in wrapping with resinated paper foils, thin CPL, thermoplastic foils and thin veneers.

2. Jowatherm-Reaktant® Whether "Polygloss" or "High gloss": flat, square designs with brilliant surfaces have become the main appeal factor in the furniture market. The dominant industrial manufacturing process is here the bonding of high-gloss materials onto particleboard or MDF panels, using PUR hot melt adhesives. The panel materials used so far are now complemented by veneers and decor papers on reels that can also receive a high-gloss foil finish. This is possible thanks to a PUR hot melt adhesive specifically developed by Jowat for this application: Jowatherm-Reaktant®.

For Further Information, Please Contact Headquarters: Ernst-Hilker-Straße 10 - 14, D-32758 Detmold, Germany Tel: +49 (0) 5231 749-0 | Fax: +49 (0) 5231 749-105 Email: | Website: ENQUIRY NO. 5901

Local Office in Asia Pacific Regions: Thailand: Jowat(Thailand)Co.,Ltd. Tel: +66 2 681 0370 | Fax: +66 2 681 0372 Email: Contact Person: Dieter Steinert

Beijing: Jowat (Beijing) Adhesives Co. Ltd. Tel: +86 10 8260 0725 | Fax: +86 10 8260 0875 Email: Contact Person: Dr. Ralf Schelbach | FDM ASIA  July 2009


wartungsfrei – erleben Sie mit der neuen Flachziehklinge für


IMA Klessmann GmbH, Lübbecke Germany


– leading technologies

Info unter

Company oder Tel. 0 57Profile 41 - 33 10

IMA Klessmann GmbH is the global market leader in the provision of technologically leading products and services for the woodworking industry With about 750 employees and the presence in more than 60 countries the IMA group of companies has been accepted since more than 50 years as the leading company within the industrial sector.

The unique “competent IMA high-tech solutions to miscellaneous challenges” whether it is stand-alone machines and machine lines for edge processing or machining centers for realizing individual product solutions: IMA always attempts to meet the needs of the customer – supply depends solely on demand.

Latest Innovation – IMA Laser Edging: high-end edging

The IMA Laser Edging process will give you perfect joints in terms of visual appearance and functionality. The edging and DKS surface form a decorative bond, hence no joint is visible. There are no capillary holes through which humidity can enter into the glue layer and the panel material. With the laser edging process, IMA offers the most advanced edge banding technology currently on the market. When the standard jointing method, i.e. hot-melt gluing is used, the joint gap can be minimised through optimisation of the glue application quantity and the glue temperature. Only in rare cases can this technique produce an entirely invisible joint reliably and permanently.

Even the best joints, which are almost invisible when supplied, will gradually become clearly visible again due to the ambient conditions, specifically due to condensed steam and cleaning agent. In practice, the glue layer can also have very small gaps through which humidity can penetrate into the adhesive joint. The Laser Edging process uses a special polymer instead of the conventional glues. This material has the same colour as the edging material and is bonded to the decorative edging in the coextrusion process. It is a uniform layer just a few tenths of millimetres thick. The polymer layer has responsibility for reliably bonding the decorative edging to the panel. For this purpose, it has particularly good adhesion properties in the melted state and a high softening point of approx 135°C. Accurate heating of the polymer layer is effected by a high-energy laser beam. In the case of the laser edging process, the output of the laser source takes the place of the glue applicator. The laser source itself is disposed outside the gluing zone, i.e. beside or above the edge banding machine. A number of guarding measures make the class 1 laser as safe as a laser pointer. The polymer layer absorbs the energy of the laser beam and melts. A few centimetres after the focus of the beam, the edging and the panel are joined together. Due to the force applied by the pressure rollers, the molten mass penetrates and fills the surface structures. The high forces of adhesion on the smooth surfaces and the hardening of the molten polymer,

Other Product Range

Area of Application

1. CNC- processing centers with edge banding 2. throughfeed edge banding machines 3. batch size one solutions

Furniture manufacturing industry

For Further Information, Please Contact IMA AG Asia Pacific Pte. Ltd. Tel: +65 67496588 | Fax: +65 67496577 Email: | Contact Person: Burkhard Sydow

which has become an integral part of the surface, guarantee the excellent tightness and strength of the adhesive joint. Also from the point of view of the machine, the laser edging technique has significant advantages. No pre-heating is required, and hence the machine is operational directly after power-on. The laser technique does not need specific release and cleaning agents, and the pressure rollers are not smeared in the event that tape faults occur. Gluing faults caused by burnt glue belong to the past. There are no glue pots which need to be cleaned; external pre-heating is not required either. Parameter settings can be changed and saved to adapt to variable conditions of use, which allows these parameters to be applied quickly, safely and with great repeatability. Tools are no longer smeared and remain functional for a much longer period. This process is based on patents of the company Bulthaup Küchen in Aich (Bavaria). The coextruded edging system was developed by REHAU in Rehau (Upper Franconia). With the Laser Edging process, IMA offers an excitingly new edge banding technology which sets completely new standards in terms of visual appearance and working strength of sophisticated furniture components. The heart of the Laser Edging process: a highly accurate laser beam and the pressure roller station.

ADVANTAGES OF LASER EDGING • Perfect visual appearance – Joint-free bond between edging and panel • Maximum quality – Perfect processing of the joints and of the parts using IMA working units • Laser of protection class 1 – Small risk potential for your people • Variable – A laser system and a conventional gluing unit can be used on the same machine • Precision tape guide – Minimum tape overhangs at both ends of the panel can be achieved by innovative technology ENQUIRY NO. 5902

56 FDM Asia  July 2009 |


Treffert Holding GmbH & Co. KG Company Profile From its beginning in 1937, TREFFERT has cultivated expertise in the development, manufacture and application of industrial wood coatings. Four decades ago, TREFFERT was already dedicated to environmentally sensitive wood coating solutions. In recent years, the Company concentrated its

research on developing water-based and acrylic UV coating technology to fit industrial applications, including: • Wood flooring (solid, engineered, veneer and cork) • Printed Décor Laminates (PDL flooring, PDL furniture panels and PDL backings).

Today, the TREFFERT Group is recognised as a global coatings innovator, operating regional production sites with fully equipped technical labs in Germany, Malaysia, China and the US. The Treffert network of technical sales offices, distribution centres, associates and licensees combine to give the Company a true global presence with local reach.

Latest Innovation – Wood Grain Enhanced Flooring New Opportunities For Sustainable Plantation Timber vary between 10 – 20m/min at a maximum width of 1300 mm. At an average capacity utilization rate of 75%, a production output of 10,000m²/day (8 hours) is realistic.

The concept of Wood Grain Enhanced Flooring (W.G.E.) is to provide customers with a finish that appears to be forest hardwood using sustainable plantation timbers such as Bamboo, Hevea, Plywood, Rubberwood amongst others. Using the Treff®Guard System, it is extremely difficult to differentiate between W.G.E. plantation grown timber and exotic species. Wood Grain Enhanced Flooring is a combination of a controlled staining process (defined spot application) with so-called High Performance Coatings (HPC). The HPC coating system is typically applied as multi-layer systems by roller coating technology and cured by ultra-violet (UV) energy. The coatings are either microand/or nano-particle modified acrylated resins, which yield extreme hardness resulting in high mechanical resistance to scratch, impact and abrasion. Depending on the degree of mechanical, chemical and thermal resistance required, HPC offers vast application possibilities in the wood-based industry, particularly for flooring. The advantages of HPC are superb technical surface properties at optimum production and material cost in combination with the possibility of product differentiation. The final appearance can be practically anything desired. The combination with Wood Grain Enhanced System will bring a clear ecological and competitive edge over competitors who use unsustainable forest grown timbers. Wood Grain Enhanced Flooring is produced in continuous coating lines consisting of roller coaters, filler and printing machines followed by thermal or radiation curing equipment. The line velocity may

Other Product Range 1. PDL Flooring 2. PDL Backings 3. PDL Furniture Panels

Technical Properties All technical requirements imposed by the European Standard (Elasticised) of EN 14354 Class 21, 31 and 33 and the American Standard (Alox Containing) of ASTM-D-4060 S33 Residential and S42 Commercial have been successfully produced and passed using the Treff®Guard Wood Grain Enhanced products. The choice of the standard dictates the coating process. The production process remains unchanged for all classes. The technical surface quality for the different stress classifications is merely controlled via the application weight of the Elastic Sealer or the HPC (Alox Containing) Sealer depending on the selected standard. Guidance and assistance with Application Line Recommendations is available from TREFFERT. Who Does The Wood Grain Enhanced Technology Apply To? Flooring producers currently using Bamboo, Hevea, Plywood or • Rubberwood but wishing to diversify their existing product range (stained and/or clear coated) and supply an unlimited variety of Forest Hardwoods or Wood Grain Enhanced products to their customer base. Manufactures planning to produce flooring using Plantation Timbers • and wanting to be at the cutting edge of technology with an infinite versatility in product range. Concerned Parties who wish to play a role in the sustainability of our • livelihood, the Timber Flooring Industry, and contribute to the reduction of global de-forestation, whilst providing a market-accepted product. By Ali Vahlhaus and Mark Poole

Affiliated/Member of

4. Flooring 5. Joinery 6. Furniture Panels

Certified/ Endorsed by

National Wood Flooring Association (NWFA)

For Further Information, Please Contact Headquarters: Am Kirchberg 1, 63754 Alzenau, Germany Tel: +49 6023 9610 | Fax: +49 6023 961 166 Email: Website:

Local Office in Asia Pacific Regions: Malaysia: Treffert Coatings (S.E.A.) Sdn Bhd Tel: +60 7 251 5115 | Fax: +60 7 251 4115 Email: Contact Person: Eunice Tan / Mark Poole

China: Shanghai TREFFERT Special Coatings Co., Ltd Tel: +86 21 5165 1818 | Fax: +86 21 5165 1388 Email: ENQUIRY NO. 5904 Contact Person: Thomas Weil

Seeking Agents/Distributor in: India | FDM ASIA  July 2009



EconoRip from Raimann:

Optimised Ripping before processing it, is optimising! Optimising is the only way to achieve maximum possible yield and value from each individual board. Working hard on its mission to offer maximum yield and value to its customers, the Weinig Group over the years has developed highly sophisticated equipment like complete system solutions, interlinked with mechanical handling and combined with intelligent software. Offering state of the art wood working machinery and consulting services, Weinig provides great solutions for multinational companies and small, local enterprises alike.

Optimise with the new EconoRip from Raimann: The versatile multi-blade gang ripsaw for all applications The Woodworking Industry in SEA finds itself in a daily battle of ever growing competitiveness! One essential key for survival will be to have the necessary modern and efficient machinery and processes in place that provide higher yield achievements in the rough mill area. A successful, profitable way is through optimising the raw material input! Waste less and recover more! Measuring and analysing the wooden raw material in terms of width and length, as well as defects and short pieces

58 FDM Asia  July 2009 |

Raimann EconoRip: The state-of-the-art, easy to operate, multi-blade ripsaw

Coming up with the new EconoRip from Raimann, which is the ideal multi-blade ripsaw for businesses with a high quality standard and the main focus on simple applications. Robustly built, easy to operate and very short set-up times are facts that especially characterise this machine. The EconoRip was designed with the focus to build a reliable ripsaw for easy, day-to-day operation. With a maximum cutting height of 110 mm and a cutting width of 310 mm, the EconoRip fits many applications. The backbone of the machine is the prismatic guided feed chain which is used for all Raimann ripsaws. The prismatic guides ensure absolutely straight wood conveyance which guarantees excellent cutting results. The closed design of the feed chain prevents splinters from getting between the chain links, which could jam the machine and cause frequent downtime.

INNOVATION Supplement Advertorial Part of the Weinig Group’s complete system solution offering, the new EconoRip from Raimann is a versatile multi-blade gang ripsaw for all applications

Fig 1: Motorised height adjustment of the saw arbor

Fig 2: Raimann Quickfix: One-minute setup

Lubrication of the chain is done automatically and the filling status of the oil container is monitored. The feed speed is frequency-controlled and infinite adjustable from 5 to 35 m/min. A main advantage of the newly designed pressure system of the EconoRip is that the pressure rollers tilt around the saw blades when adjusted in different heights. When the pressure unit is lowered, the front end rollers and the back end rollers move towards each other ensuring maximum guidance of the timber as close to the saw blades as possible. If narrow strips are to be cut, a pressure shoe can be added. The height adjustment of the saw arbour and the pressure unit are motorised for faster adjustment again cutting down on non-productive time. (Fig. 1) Setup times are greatly reduced by the patented, hydraulic saw blade clamping system named “Quickfix”. No bushing, spacers or tools are required for changing the arbour set up. The saw blades can be shifted directly on the saw arbour resulting in a setup time of less than one minute (Fig. 2). Compared with an average setup time of up to 20 minutes for conventional systems, the time savings achieved with Quickfix can easily add up to one hour per shift. A simple, but yet intelligent way to increase productivity and profits.

Fig 3: Raimann SafetyPlus: Maximum operator protection

The newly developed dust extraction hood is integrated in the upper cover, so that it tilts away automatically, when opened. When closed, the dust extraction hood completely encloses the saw package and therefore ensures maximum extraction efficiency – an extremely helpful benefit in case the suction speed is not up to an ideal pace. A comprehensive safety package ensures maximum protection for the machine operator. Raimann rip-saws have always been equipped with the best anti-kick-back system available. The patented safety system “SafetyPlus”, is a curtain made of Kevlar® which is added to the conventional anti-kick-back fingers. The Kevlar®-curtain drags on the feed chain of the rip-saw and closes the gap between the chain and the anti-kick-back fingers. The hazardous area is steadily sealed. The operator gets maximum protection. Raimann SafetyPlus: Maximum operator protection (Fig. 3) With several options such as the stronger motor for using multiple saw blades or a laser for indicating the cut on the board, RAIMANN also offers the opportunity to extend the scope of the multi-blade ripsaw in accordance ENQUIRY NO. 5905 with customer requirements. | FDM ASIA  July 2009


Exhibition Review

LIGNA Hannover 2009


ttracting an international audience, Ligna Hannover 2009 closed on an upbeat note, capping five days of brisk business activity and giving the wood industry hope of renewed growth. Billed as the “world fair for the forestry and wood industries”, 1,758 exhibitors from 50 nations presented their products and services on total display space of 130,152 sq m. In total, the event attracted about 83,000 visitors to Hannover, Germany. Dr Bernhard Dirr, MD of the German Woodworking Machinery Manufacturers’ Association within VDMA, referred to the fair as a “shelter in the storm”, adding that Ligna’s popularity among exhibitors and visitors underscored its status on the international trade fair scene.

Number Crunching Visitors came from over 90 different

60 FDM Asia  July 2009 |

countries and in terms of countries and/or regions of origin, the percentage remained stable, most notably for the Americas and Asia. An upswing in attendance was registered for Sweden, Switzerland, Poland and France. “While visitor numbers did reflect strained economies around the world as well as the fact that many firms have been forced to drastically cut travel budgets, well over a third of all trade visitors with decision-making authority still came from abroad,” said Deutsche Messe Managing Board member Stephan Ph Kühne on the drop in visitor numbers (a decline of 22 percent for the forestry and wood industries). Trade visitors again accounted for over 95 percent of total attendance. In terms of audience background, the construction industry and the interior finishing sectors accounted for an increased share of

visitors, while attendance by machinery trade professionals was down. As Mr Kühne explained, these figures represented “a clear reflection of current economic realities.”

A Question Of Efficiency This year’s exhibition also focused on the use of wood to generate energy, highlighting heating processes with various combustion materials and their energy behaviour. Efficient timber construction systems, machinery, equipment and tools for joiners, carpenters and cabinetmakers could be seen at Handwerk, Holz und mehr (Wood Crafts) section. The Wood Crafts segment took up over five halls offering wood construction machinery, equipment and tools designed to save material and lower production costs. Exhibitors

Exhibition Review LIGNA HANNOVER 2009 (18 to 22 May) Making more out of wood – technology for resource efficiency Homag Group: Order volume exceeds expectations LIGNA HANNOVER, the leading international trade show for the Homag Group AG reports a highly satisfactory outcome from the Ligna fair. woodworking and wood processing industries, embraces the Despite what still remains a very subdued market situation with investment activity entire production chain – from forestry and the timber trade proving sluggish since the start of 2009, Homag registered lively interest in its machines through to industrial mass production of wood products and and systems, as well as its newly extended services portfolio, said a press release from thesurface company. treatment technology. In short, LIGNA HANNOVER is the interface every ofatwoodworking! Although theto actual orderarea volume the fair was “slightly down” compared to its Keynote displays at LIGNA HANNOVER: takings in Ligna 2007, it was “well above expectations”. Spokesman for the Board, Dr Forestry (management and technology) Joachim Brenk said: “Even when times are tough, customers are receptive to genuine Sawmill equipment innovations and willing to invest”. and technology TheSolid group wood displayedworking its new co-developed technique for applying edges to panels Wood materials anddevelopment veneer production using laser technology. This new won the Innovation Prize at Ligna’s Handwerk, Holz und mehr: Joinery, cabinet-making and carInnovation Symposium. pentry trades, engineered woods, materials, accessories ENQUIRY NO. 5711 and services Furniture industry Numerous special presentations dedicated to practical themes, Preparing informativeForseminars and conferences, as well as Cefla: The Upturn and B2B meetings and congresses underline the Thematchmaking Cefla Finishing Group offered a range of products developed with to significance ofparticular LIGNAattention HANNOVER as the trade’s international cost, to give concrete support to the business summit. of itsFOR customers. MORE INFORMATION: showcased scores of new ideas on solid wood processing in Halls 12 and 13, featuring live displays of advanced systems for drying sawn timber and utilising waste wood. In the halls devoted to the furniture industry, visitors were able to view the latest industrial furniture manufacturing equipment in operation. Resource efficiency was also a common theme in the associated displays. Innovations in this area included new painting and surface treatment technologies intended to reduce energy and material costs. In summing up the event, Mr Kühne said: “Ligna was eagerly anticipated, and ended up successfully mobilising the strengths of the wood and forestry industries.” The next show will be staged from May 30 to June 3, 2011, at Hannover, Germany. FDM ENQUIRY NO. 5710

Said Roberto Scala, its MD: “We focused on supplying our customers with all the necessary

overview andtohighlights all the working tools in order cope with the difficulties

international trends in materials, function and design, while LIGNA HANNOVER is a unique showof the market with efficiency and flexibility, taking case of all the in woodworking technology. into consideration both latest the actualdevelopments situation and These two major shows have been scheduled so that one takes the future upturn in the market.” place shortly after the other – almost on each other’s doorstep! A Its Mito spraying machine now comes mere 2 plenum 1⁄2 hour journey by train separates the two locations. And with a new and revised air circulation interzum in Cologne the organizers have allowed one inafter the spraying area to closes ensure application and day which can be used for travel. This arrangement is ideal for maintenance quality. Cefla’s 3D application visitors from abroad will appreciate it isglue cheaper process is who made more efficient with a the robot fact for anthat effective to travel at the weekend. application while its UVRay integrates the UV body and the control board, saving time during assembly.

Our offer – how youOther benefit: items exhibited include the JetDekor, a new

printing system; EasyWrap, the We offer a day ticket for ink-jet interzum Cologne anda machine a dayforticket for using aAlternatively, new integrated glue application LIGNA HANNOVER for onlywrapping 15 euros. for only 30 eusystem;and Performa, a sprayingvoucher machine for ros, you can obtain a day ticket a catalogue for both mouldings with interchangeable trolleys interzum Cologne and LIGNA HANNOVER. These ticket package that can be integrated the offers can be obtained from any representative of the inorganizers automatic lines. – Deutsche Messe or Koelnmesse.

Package-Offer 1:

ENQUIRY2:NO. 5712 Package-Offer

15,- Euro Pay one – get one for free.

30,- Euro less – get more. | FDM ASIA  July 2009 61

Exhibition Review

Ligna Exhibition Highlights GreCon: Simply Produce More Efficiently The GreCon product range for this year’s Ligna has as its motto: simply produce more efficiently. Inline measuring systems for the wood based panel industry, spark detection and extinguishment systems for preventive fire and explosion protection are rounded off by scanners for different areas in the production and processing of wood based panels. The new series of measuring systems, GreCon 5000 offer efficient production that is kind to resources. The cost advantages that can be achieved with these tools include blow detection using ultrasound; thickness measurement by scanning with measuring rollers or, in a non-contact way, by means of lasers; moisture measurement with infrared or microwave technology for chips, fibres and panels. Enquiry No: 5713

Leitz: Growth Through Efficiency Product launches from the Leitz Group at this year’s Ligna fair included: • Marathon Coated Finish Cutter: Leitz has designed a new spiral roughing – finish cutter featuring Marathon coating and chip-splitting geometry. The design reduces cutting pressure, allowing the tool to perform at faster feed rates and eliminates the need for a separate roughing pass. Suited for use when manufacturing doors, windows, stairs and furniture components. • ProFix C: The new ProFix C tool system is used in the production of slotted joints, tenon joints and counter joints. Cutting geometry and staggered cut are designed for cross grain machining. Due to its construction, the tool system can be reground many times remaining constant in terms of profile and diameter.

62 FDM Asia  July 2009 |

• Solid Carbide Hinge Boring Bit: According to Leitz, its solid carbide hinge boring bit achieves up to three times the performance times and 50 percent higher feed rates as compared to conventional hinge bits. With modified boring bit geometry, the tip is able to eject the chips, decrease cutting friction, reduce power consumption and eliminate surface damage during the back-stroke. • OptiCut LowNoise Saw Blade: Leitz expanded its product range of noise-reduced saw blades for applications which do not allow for the casing of the saw blade. Its new generation of AS OptiCut circular saw blades offers improved cutting quality for the sizing of panel materials on circular saw benches and vertical board-sawing machines. Enquiry No: 5714

Martin: Finish Polishing On Sliding Table Saw For over three years, Martin, the Bavarian manufacturer of woodworking machinery, has been pursuing the idea of finish polishing the edges of polymethylmethacrylate (acrylic) on the sliding table saw. As more wood-workers are crossing over into man-made materials, the idea would enable operators to finish polishing of acrylic panels directly after cutting them, saving valuable time. The T74, a sliding table saw and a polishing machine, represents a suitable option for this job. The composite frame, cast iron ribbed tabletop and the hardened steel guide system on the sliding table makes it a sturdy choice. Enquiry No: 5715

Exhibition Review

Holzher: Arcus Edgebanders For Door Production Door production is made easy with Holzher’s mid-class range of edgebanders: the Arcus 1330 doors and 1336. The Arcus 1330 doors is the high performance edgebander for gluing on solid wood edging (up to 20 mm and on maximum panel thicknesses of 60 mm). Suited also for finishing work on unfinished doors, the Arcus offers adhesion on thick panels through use of waterproof PUR glues. Its counterpart, the Arcus 1336 offers an optimum mix, starting with the jointing cutter unit right up to finishing work with scraper, flat scraper and buffing units. The basic machine is equipped with an extending workpiece support (up to 690 mm) to the run-in stop. Enquiry No: 5716

IMA: Efficiency Of Resources Following the motto of the fair, ‘Making more out of wood – Technology For Resource-Efficiency’, IMA presented a number of new and advanced machines and services at Ligna. • Laser Edging Process Billed as the most advanced edgebanding technology currently on the market, the IMA Laser Edging process uses a special polymer instead of the conventional glues. This material is bonded to the decorative edging in the co-extrusion process. The high forces of adhesion on the smooth surfaces and the hardening of the molten polymer guarantee the tightness and strength of the adhesive joint. • Bima 400 CNC Machining Centre With its machining centres, IMA covers all core areas of

panel processing. Universal machining tasks in stationary operation are solved by the Bima centres of the new Bima 200, 300 und 400 families. Whereas worktable sizes of the Bima 200 and 300 series range up to 5300 mm, the Bima 400 covers the range up to 7300 mm. The two smaller types permit a panel width of 1250 mm, the Bima 400 covers the range up to 1450 mm. Enquiry No: 5717

Schelling: PLUS Concept Schelling specialises in developing customer-oriented solutions for cutting applications. • DuPlus+Concept The development engineers at Schelling have come up with new, customer-oriented solutions. Introduced at Ligna 2009, the DuPlus+ Concept increases output of panel saws by utilising two independently working feeders for material positioning in the saw. It then becomes possible to cut the head and main parts, or two strips of staggered cuts, at the same time. Seen in combination with Schelling’s latest turntable, the board yield is increased, as with attendant output. • Automatic Label Applicator First labelling, then cutting. Before a board is pushed off the stack, labels are applied to the board. This solution leads to elimination of errors as well as a reduction of workload for the operator. This makes the DuPlus system more efficient as the operator is able to focus on off-loading the finished parts only. Enquiry No: 5718 | FDM ASIA  July 2009


Exhibition Review

Siempelkamp: Power DiscDrive ‘Higher operating and resource efficiency’ is the motto which Siempelkamp used for Ligna 2009, reinforced by the new service packages which the company had on offer. Next to the modification packages from the ecoline concept, the Krefeld specialist for machine and plant engineering presented its latest drive technology system – the Power DiscDrive. Developed from the linear drive, the technology is available exclusively for its Siempelkamp ContiRoll lines. This drive has a considerably higher degree of efficiency even at partial loads. In addition, it has a low number of revolutions and fewer moving parts. The drive system is based on a motor type and a gear type, a single-stage planetary drive, as well as a uniform concept for power electronics and control. Enquiry No: 5719

Schmalz: Flexible Vacuum Clamping System


Mobile and multifunctional – the vacuum clamping system Multi-Clamp VC-M from Schmalz of Glatten, Germany, can be used on almost all surfaces in the workshop and on construction sites. The system consists of a multi-clamp vacuum plate and the multi-base turn/swivel fixture. The modular structure of the basic system of the Multi-Clamp vacuum plate VC-M-P and Multi-Base turn/swivel fixture VC-M-B allows for individual clamping, positioning and fixing in all positions. Depending on requirements, tension forces of up to 1,500 N (at -800 mbar) can be established, which makes it possible to undertake bulky operations on the secured workpiece. It is available with integrated pneumatic vacuum generation (vacuum ejector) or, with vacuum pump. Enquiry No: 5720

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Exhibition Review


interzum Cologne, Germany May 13 – 16, 2009

European Veneer Conference and the Interior Designer Day.

Global Trends This year, interzum once again offered an overview of the global trends: • Lightweight panels are coming on strong in the market accompanied by readily available binding and fastening systems. Expect a clear increase in lightweight honeycomb panels and furniture made from these materials. • The variety of materials that can be printed on is increasing. Whether wood-derived panels, mineral panels or glass surfaces, specialists in the field are now able to offer printing processes that can even be used for smaller batches.


n its 50th anniversary, interzum amassed a total of 47,000 visitors from more than 130 countries to its doors. According to its organisers, a total of 1,370 suppliers from 63 countries exhibited future-oriented solutions and concepts for a global furniture world. Held from May 13 – 16, 2009, the event in Cologne, Germany utilised a 5 percent increase in occupied exhibition area. Gerald Böse, CEO of Koelnmesse said: “Given the unfavourable economic and financial situation, the anniversary event still managed to generate important momentum for the whole sector and gave a clear signal that runs counter to the current economic trend.” Support came from the international sector with 70 percent of suppliers and about 65 percent of visitors recorded from outside Germany.

Areas Of Application In addition to the furniture industry, many exhibitors registered an increased number of architects, interior designers, designers and representatives of the mobile world, such as Airbus, BASF, Lufthansa, Porsche and VW, who wanted to find out more about current new products. The new project ‘innovation of interior’ focused on innovative materials, as well as surprising areas of application. An exciting contrast to the exhibitor innovations was offered by the trend shows and speeches that were held at the centre of the halls. Here, experts from diverse fields discussed current crucial issues affecting the sector. There was also a very high level of interest in interzum’s supporting programme, which included the innovation workshop, the

• Suppliers in the furniture industry are paying special attention to issues related to sustainability and the conservation of resources. The target group of consumers concerned with ecology is growing. • Electric motors are incorporated into furniture of the future. Whether the motor is used to open drawers or used as motorised fittings in adjustable upholstered furniture, its development point to comfort and convenience for the end consumer. • Visitors to interzum once again got the opportunity to experience technologies and design for fittings and surfaces, wood-based materials and veneers, leather, upholstery and upholstery machines. The next edition of interzum will be held from May 25 – 28, 2011. FDM ENQUIRY NO. 5702

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Exhibition Review Alfa: Light, Natural Wood High-quality natural wood is playing an increasingly important role in interior design and finishing. Alfa G3 by Team 7 is a three-layer board manufactured in thicknesses of up to 80 mm. According to Alfa, an Austrian company specialising in the production of ecological hardwood panels, it is suitable for any kind of interior finishing. Its middle layer of Dendro Light (a material made of spruce) makes the board is particularly light. A 70 mm thick beech-faced board weighs just 285 kg/m3 – a property which lightens the load of processing and transporting the material. The Alfa G3 is suited for tabletops, countertops, partitions or furniture carcasses. The hardwoods come from sustainably managed forests, are glued with formaldehydefree adhesives and treated with herbal oil. Enquiry No: 5703

Hawa: Sliding Hardware Programme


Hawa AG has hardware systems for wood and glass applications at their stand in interzum. Available later this year, the Hawa-Purolino 80 designer sliding door hardware for frameless all-glass doors comes with concealed suspension. Ideal for room partitions, Its pivoting/sliding hardware Hawa-Concepta 25/30/50, offers furniture makers design freedom and construction for doors weighing up to 50 kg. The system enables doors to be opened conventionally with a pivoting movement and then slid into a space-saving recess. The Hawa-Antea 50-80/VF, is a hardware system with optional soft closing for glass or wood doors and wood/ glass combinations running in front of the cabinet body. This sliding hardware is suitable for doors weighing between 50 and 80 kg. Enquiry No: 5704 | FDM ASIA  July 2009


Exhibition Review

Interprint: Partnership With Pfleiderer & S-Prix

Hettich: Making New Connections

Interprint also demonstrated how new markets can be successfully developed through cooperation with industry partners. An inspiring example is the partnership with the derived timber products manufacturer, Pfleiderer, and the furniture manufacturer, S-Prix. The three-party team developed a colouring-desk and -shelf – furniture for children aged four to eight. The décor’s cartoon outlines can be coloured and then cleaned with a plastic cleaner.

Hettich showed its new solution for connecting furniture side panels and shelves at interzum. Its new connector is highly flexible and can be used for lightweight panels made of any material. For design purposes, once the connector is inserted into the edge of the panel, it remains invisible to the observer. The Hettinject VB insert creates a sturdy connection between the individual parts while a tightening mechanism evens out gaps between the side panels and compensates for tolerances in the board material. Enquiry No: 5705

Enquiry No: 5706

Rehau: Seal, Connect & Accentuate

Reholz: Arc Veneers

With the new Rehau joint profile, the company is able to provide a multi-functional profile solution for sealing, connecting and accentuating in different areas of application. The sealing function can be used as an alternative to silicone joints in plumbing applications or as a seal around acrylic or ceramic mouldings. Available in stainless steel and aluminium surfaces, in classic white or elegant black, the joint profile fits into designed pieces of furniture or living spaces. With installation dimensions of 14 mm x 14 mm and without screws, common corner solutions can be achieved using mouldings or alternatively, with mitre cuts. The joint profile is supplied as cut lengths or on a roll to facilitate integration into dispenser systems.

Veneer manufacturers, Reholz GmbH (now part of the Danzer Group), has managed to get the fibres of veneers to run in an arc rather than a straight line. The curve is variable and can be adapted to suit the design of the individual piece of furniture. Reholz uses the properties of its main product, 3D veneers, and distorts the strips of 3D veneer in the plane. These veneers are meant to be particularly suitable for modular table systems, the outer edges of cabinets or curvaceous wooden chairs. While the texture of the mechanical treated veneer is preserved, it still offers lightweight construction with reduced material thickness and high stiffness and strength.

Enquiry No: 5707

68 FDM Asia  July 2009 |

Enquiry No: 5708

Exhibition Preview IFFS/AFS 2010:

Fresh Impetus

Richard Koh, COO of International Furniture Fair Singapore (IFFS), sheds light on the trade show's forays into design. By Keith Boi

Singapore March 9 – 12, 2010


ositioning itself as the premium furniture trade event in Asia, the International Furniture Fair Singapore 2010, held in conjunction with the 27th ASEAN Furniture Show (IFFS/ AFS 2010) from March 9-12, 2010, will be a four-day event showcasing the latest design capabilities and product developments in the higher end spectrum of the industry. Show organiser International Furniture Fair Singapore is mounting an aggressive campaign to market IFFS/AFS 2010 as a design-oriented furniture show. Richard Koh, the newly appointed chief operating officer of IFFS, expects next year’s exhibition to further expand the spotlight on various design-led initiatives. “In terms of space for 2010, we would like to stay humble on the size of exhibition and work on 60,000 gross square metres with the current economic situation, but we’re quietly confident that those spaces will be choc-a-block full and we will make room for expansion,” Mr Koh said.

Breath Of Fresh Air Mr Koh, 50, was formerly the COO of Buylateral Group and responsible for developing a range of international marketing and product design and development programmes. Seen as a businessman who has been actively involved in the local furniture industry, Mr Koh hopes to bring some fresh perspectives on the running of the exhibition by leveraging on his 30 years of trade experience. He has also been associated with the Singapore Furniture Industries Council (SFIC) through the years, having served as an executive committee member in various capacities since its inception in 1981. Mr Koh pointed to the success of the

Singapore Mozaic showcase in Milan this year as an example of how local furniture firms are starting to develop their market niches. Likewise, he believes IFFS/AFS should develop its own proposition by focusing on design. “We are still trying to grow the IFFS/ AFS as an Asian show, and we expect the exhibitors to come primarily from ASEAN and the Indochina regions,” Mr Koh added.

Promotional Boost To promote the event, IFFS has organised a slate of promotional road shows in China, Malaysia, India, Europe and the US to garner interest from both exhibitors and buyers. In its promotional push for next year’s exhibition, the show organiser will be spending close to S$2.5 million (US$1.7 million) for marketing and publicity purposes, essentially on the various activities and trade show participation for IFFS/AFS 2010. While acknowledging that this year’s event has experienced a slight dip – as compared to 2008, the number of exhibiting companies fell from 517 to 471 while the number of trade visitors dropped from 18,361 to 15,606 – somewhat reflecting the market sentiments caused by the economic downturn, Mr Koh expresses his confidence in the strong credibility the IFFS/AFS has already established to pull in the right crowds next year. “These are the buyers who are not bargain-hunters. They look out for quality and new design trends. The targeted buyers for next year’s show will come mainly from Europe,” he explained.

Besides honing in on design elements, IFFS/AFS aims to achieve approximately 10 percent growth in several areas of the furniture showcases next year, such as in the upholstery and outdoor furniture segments. “We’re leaving no stones unturned to boost the other segments of the show, as mentioned upholstery and outdoor/ garden furniture, to give a more holistic presentation to the buyers and visitors,” Mr Koh added. IFFS/AFS is also exploring plans to further engage woodworking industry partners in the ASEAN region, with various long-term collaborations being discussed at the moment. With the flurry of activities and promotional efforts, expectations are raised for IFFS/ AFS 2010 to live up to its billing as the region’s top designoriented furniture exhibition. FDM ENQUIRY NO. 5731

Richard Koh, the newly appointed chief operating officer of IFFS

Exhibition Preview imm cologne 2010:

imm cologne 2010 Cologne, Germany January 19 – 24, 2010

What's Next? In 2010, visitors can expect a new order and new opening times even as imm cologne seeks to reclaim the top brands.


his year’s imm cologne has had a polarising effect. Reflecting on various issues after the fair was over, Gerald Böse, CEO of Koelnmesse spoke at a press conference on what the imm cologne 2010 will offer to retain its attendees. Addressing the European Press Conference in Cologne, Germany, Mr Böse said: “First, imm cologne is taking place in the world’s strongest sales market; and second, it generates concrete business by showing innovations that are ready for the market.” To elaborate these two points, he brought up the point that Germany continues to be the biggest furniture market in Europe. According to estimates made by Dresdner-Cetelem Kreditbank, the furniture market in Germany has a volume of €27 billion (US$37.7 billion). The

second-largest European furniture market, the UK, accounts for €16.8 billion, and the third-largest, Italy, for only €13.6 billion.

Ready Platform In this respect, the event provided the trade with a ready international platform where the industry can showcase its market-ready products – at the beginning of each new year for buyers to purchase and distribute to the retail outlets by the third quarter of the year. He told delegates that next year’s event would be one day shorter. It will be held from January 19 to 24 and its opening hours will be changed from 10am – 7pm. In terms of the concept behind the fair and the themes it will deal with, the most important goal remains: To regain the strong German and international brands — in all segments. Mr Böse notes that as the various purchasing associations play a key role with regard to German brands. “Our declared goal is to form a coalition of the active parties in the sector,” he said. In order to continue the trend toward a trade fair for complete home interiors, they will be focusing on specialised product ranges (eg: lighting systems, carpets and textiles). “I think that 8,000 architects, interior decorators and designers are persuasive arguments for our event,” he added.

Closer Cooperation

Gerald Böse, CEO, Koelnmesse: “Our declared goal is to form a coalition of the active parties in the sector.”

70 FDM Asia  July 2009 |

To persuade strong brands to return to the trade fair, Koelnmesse will be looking to boost its visitors’ count in two ways. Mr Böse said: “Koelnmesse will back up their efforts by means of special packages. This campaign will focus on Central Europe. The second measure will target visitors

from outside Europe. Here there will be a special VIP campaign, in the course of which we will invite approximately 4,000 dealers to attend the trade fair.” In addition, they will again be cooperating with the French export organisation GEM. In addition: “We will also be paying close attention to the small and medium-sized furniture shops and developing tailor-made travel packages for them.” In 2010, Koelnmesse will transform the entire Boulevard into a catwalk for innovations. Together with the interior innovation award contest, it seeks to show visitors a glimpse of the trends in the coming season. Kitchens will also play a significant role at next year’s fair. “The time is ripe for an international kitchen trade fair located in Germany, and Cologne is the best venue for a strong presentation of the kitchen sector,” said Mr Böse. Some 100,000 visitors visited Cologne 2009 to find out what 1,057 companies from 49 countries had to offer. The trade fair recorded a distinctly smaller decrease among visitors from the EU. In all, around 40 percent of the trade visitors came from ENQUIRY NO. 5701 abroad. FDM

*All details subject to change without notice. Please check with organisers for updates.

JULY 8-11 – China International Building & Decoration Fair China Import & Export Fair Pazhou Complex Guangzhou, China China Foreign Trade Guangzhou Exhibition Corp. Tel: 020-26081622 / 26081623 Fax: 020-86681629-03 E-mail: Website:

9-11 – Woodmach Cebu 2009 Waterfront Cebu City Hotel Cebu, Philippines Global-Link MP Events International Inc. Tel: +63 2 750 8588 Fax: +63 2 750 8585 Email: Website:

15-18 – AWFS Las Vegas Convention Center AWFS Fair Tel: 323-838-9440 Fax: 323-201-8246 Email: Website:

AUGUST 1-3 – Wood & Furniture Asia Karachi Expo Center, Pakistan Ecommerce Gateway Pakistan (Pvt.) Ltd. Tel: +92 (21) 453 6321 Fax: +92 (21) 453 6330

6-9 – Zak Office Technology Expo Palace Grounds, Bangalore India Zak Trade Fairs & Exhibitions Pvt. Ltd. Tel: +91 (80) 2521 7700 Fax: +91 (80) 2521 5511 Email: Website: Bangalore/april/aboutevent/index.html

SEPTEMBER 2-6 – Kazbuild

Iteca Tel: 7 727 2583434 Fax: 7 727 2583444 E-mail: Website:

6-9 – China International Furniture Fair (Guangzhou) China Import & Export Fair Pazhou Complex Guangzhou, China Tel: +86 20 2608 0427 Fax: +86 20 8666 3416 E-mail: Website:

9-12 – Furniture Manufacturing & Supply China Shanghai New International Expo Centre Shanghai CMP Sinoexpo International Exhibition Co, Limited Tel: +86 21 6437 1178 Fax: +86 21 6437 0982 Email:

22-25 – Furniexpo 2009 Exhibition Centre ‘Acco International’ Kiev, Ukraine ACCO International Tel: +380 44 458 4621 Fax: +380 44 458 4621 Email: Website:

24-27 – Vietnamwood Saigon Exhibition Convention Center Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam Chan Chao International Tel: +886-2-26596000 Fax: +886-2-26597000 Email: Website:

Calendar of Events 2009 7-10 – Woodmach Philippines SMX Convention Centre Manila, Philippines Global-Link MP Events International Inc. Tel: +632 750 8588 Fax: +632 750 8585 Email: Website:

8-10 – Designbuild Perth Convention Exhibition Centre Perth, Australia Diversified Exhibitions Australia Tel: +61 3 9261 4500 Fax: +61 3 9261 4545 Email: Website:

20-24 – ASEAN-China Expo Nanning International Convention & Exhibition Centre Guangxi, China Tel: +86-771-5813158 Fax: +86-771-5813355 E-mail: Website:

21-24 – ZOW Italy Verona Exhibition Centre Verona, Italy Survey Marketing + Consulting GmbH Tel: +39 0458 298111 Fax: +39 0458 298288 Email: Website:

27-29 – WMF Shunde Shunde Exhibition Center Shunde, China Adsale Exhibition Services Tel: +852 2811 8897 Fax: +852 2516 5024 Email:

OCTOBER 1-4 – ZOW Istanbul Istanbul Expo Center Istanbul, Turkey Deutsche Messe, Survey Marketing + Consulting Tel: +90 212 324 9610 Fax: +90 212 324 9609 Email: Website:

Atakent Exhibition Centre Almaty, Kazakhstan

Kindly indicate the events you are interested in and fax the sheet/s along with your details in the Product Enquiry Page on page 72a to (65) 6379 2806 or enquire online at

To be considered for inclusion in the Calendar of Events, send details of event (name, date, venue, organiser contact) to: The Editor FDM Asia. Eastern Trade Media Pte Ltd. 1100 Lower Delta Road. EPL Building #04-02. Singapore 169206. Tel: (65) 6379 2888 | Fax: (65) 6379 2805 Email: | FDM ASIA  July 2009


Advertising Index ENQ NO

MDF & PB Complete Line Specialist (more than 122 projects)

Page NO


American Hardwood Export COUNCIL









DLH Nordisk A/S



Extend light machinery co ltd



richfruits machinery MANUFACTURING CO LTD



homag asia pte ltd



isis products corporation






kanefusa corporation



leitz tooling asia pte ltd









sail crest rubber membrane sdn bhd



shanghai jiecheng baihe woodworking machinery co ltd



shenzhen xinyunxiang precision tools co ltd



siempelkamp maschinen-und anlagenbau gmbh & co kg



MDF Mende Line


technik associates inc



MDF/HDF Complete Line


tong fong cutters co ltd



wen chih machinery industrial co ltd



weyerhaeuser marketing



wintersteiger sea pte ltd


25-50mm MDF/HDF(Steam Injection) 9-22mm


The Continuous-press line will come out soon


Shanghai Jiecheng Baihe Woodworking Machinery Co., Ltd



ADD: #3271, waiqingsong Rd, Qingpu district, Shanghai,China Tel: 86 21 59740552 Fax: 86 21 59742923 P.C: 201709 Email:

72 FDM Asia  July 2009 |

Advertisers with eBrochures

Head Office

Representative office

Canice Gan Tel: (65) 6379 2888 Fax: (65) 6379 2806 Email:

Ding Yong Mei Tel: 86 21 6311 3676 Fax: 86 21 6311 2960 Email:

SINGAPORE Eastern Trade Media Pte Ltd 1100 Lower Delta Road EPL Building #04-02 Singapore 169206

SHANGHAI, CHINA SHANGHAI NEW Eastern Media Co. LTD 15D Block B, Victoria Plaza, No.1068, Xikang Rd, Shanghai, P.R, China 200060

Regional Sales Representatives Taiwan

Robert Yu Tel: 886-4-2325 1784 Fax: 886-4-2325 2967


Ted Asoshina Tel: 81-3-3263 5065 Fax: 81-3-3234 2064


Young-Seoh Chinn Tel: 822-481 3411/3 Fax: 822-481 3414

This quick reference guide is provided as an additional service. The publisher does not assume any liability for errors or ommission.


abundant, appealing

alder. Cabinet makers, furniture designers and woodworkers have come graded for Yield.®

to appreciate the many desirable properties of alder. It’s a beautiful wood that regenerates naturally and grows quickly. Alder has light,

consistent color and fine grain that accepts all manner of stains. It’s also strong and has uniform density so it machines well, has excellent turning properties, requires less hand work, and securely holds fasteners. Our alder is certified to the Sustainable Forestry Initiative® (SFI), a standard that is also endorsed and recognized by the PEFC.

Working With reneWable materials is not only the right

Shanghai, China: 86.21.6249.9898

thing to do, but it offers a

Vietnam/Guangzhou, China 86.20.3878.1570

competitive edge as Well.

Taiwan: 886.42.350.2005 Hong Kong: 852.2865.5922


, and Northwest Hardwoods are registered trademarks of Weyerhaeuser. © 2009 Weyerhaeuser Company. All rights reserved.


E-mail: or visit our website at

FDM July 2009  

Furniture Design & Manufacturing Asia