Timber Frames: Smooth Transitions
Laminate Worktops: Sealing & Installation
Things To Consider In Buying An EdgeBander
Presses: Making Belts Last Longer
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HOMAG HOMAG Asia Asia Pte Pte Ltd Ltd (Taiwan) (Taiwan) 1F, 1F, No.19, No.19, Lane Lane 206 206 Wunhua Wunhua 7th 7th Rd., Rd., Guieshan GuieshanTownship Township Taoyuan Taoyuan County County 333 333 TAIWAN TAIWAN (R.O.C.) (R.O.C.)
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Contents July 2009 • VOL. 21 NO. 5
24 AHEC: Expanding China
Once the focus was on the major cities of China, now AHEC is branching out into its secondary and interior cities. By Therese Tan
26 Cutting Tools: The Cutting Edge Of Wood Working
From the lumberjack’s axe and saw to powerful lasers, the array of cutting tools is a testament to the numerous ways of processing wood. By Augustine Quek
28 Things To Consider Before Buying An Edgebander
It’s an investment that simply has to work. And, given today’s belttightening climate, it’s best to do your homework beforehand.
30 Profile Wrapping: Strength In Bonding
Showcasing the latest German woodworking machines, materials and components to respond to the changing business environment.
19 Short-Cycle Presses: Investing In The Future
A newly installed laminating line is helping a US furniture board manufacturer to face future challenges. By George Hehn, documentation & marketing, Dieffenbacher Maschinenfabrik
Established since 1986, FDM Asia, formerly Asia Pacific Forest/Timber Industries, is a business magazine on sawmilling, woodworking, woodbased panels and furniture manufacturing. The Publisher reserves the right to accept or reject all editorial or advertising material and assumes no responsibility for the return of unsolicited artwork or manuscripts. All rights reserved. Reproduction of the magazine, in whole or in part, is prohibited without the prior written consent, not unreasonably withheld, of the publisher. Reprints of articles appearing in previous issues of the magazine are available on request, subject to a minimum quantity. The views expressed in this journal are not necessarily those of the Publisher and while every attempt will be made to ensure the accuracy
22 It’s On The Level
There is a new sustainability standard in town that the commercial furniture industry has to live up to now. By Frederick D Muëller
and authenticity of information appearing in the magazine, the Publisher accepts no liability for damages caused by misinterpretation of information, expressed or implied, within the pages of the magazine. All correspondence regarding editorial, editorial contributions or editorial content should be directed to the Editor. The magazine is available on subscription in Singapore at S$126.00 (GST applicable) per annum by surface mail. Subscription by airmail to readers in the Asia Pacific costs S$160 per annum; Europe and the Americas S$230 per annum. For further details refer to the subscription card found within the pages of each issue. For more subscription information, please fax to: (65) 6379 2806 or email: email@example.com
New approaches in adhesives are yielding positive results in the market. By Keith Boi
32 Presses: Making Belts Last Longer
Extending the working life of a steel belt takes on added importance in today's quest for speed and increased productivity. By J O Jonsson, senior technical manager, WBP Industry, AB Sandvik Process Systems
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July 2009 | www.fdmasia.com
The Chinese Academy of Forestry
MICA (P) NO. 025/01/2009 • PPS 1204/7/2010 • ISSN 0219-2284
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Contents July 2009 • VOL. 21 NO. 5
R e g u l a r s
35 Laminate Worktops: Sealing & Installation
For colour selection and affordability, laminate worktops come out tops. However, the trend towards thinner laminates and thicker chipboard cores are posing challenges. By Vaughan Taylor, section head – materials technology, FIRA
38 Light At The End Of The Tunnel The industry is encouraged to prepare for
06 08 71 72a 72b
Editorial Industry News Calendar Of Events Enquiry Form Subscription Form
Please refer to advertising index on page
for advertisers’ enquiry numbers.
the eventual upturn by taking advantage of the readily available new developments, says Wolf-Gerd Dieffenbacher, president and CEO of the Dieffenbacher Group
Materials & Surfaces
40 Timber Frames: Smooth Transitions Efficiency of wood in multi-storey dwellings. By Kevin Hayes, APA – The Engineered Wood Association
Hardwoods & Softwoods
42 Hardwood: French Oak Recognised for its longevity, the French oak offers straight grain and fine texture
44 Staining Of Finishes From Water-Soluble Wood Extractives
There are several ways to prevent extractives from reaching the topcoat and discolouring the finishing. By APA – The Engineered Wood Association
47 Malaysia Panel Products Industry: Climate Of Change The panel processing industry is one of
60 Ligna Hannover 2009 66 Interzum 69 IFFS 2010 70 imm Cologne 2010
Malaysia’s fastest growing sub-sectors within its wood-based industry. By Dr Jegatheswaran Ratnasingam, Universiti Putra Malaysia
50 Russia’s Renewal Plans The country is looking towards increasing
their own industrial base – and its wood processing capacity. By Frederick D Muëller
4 FDM Asia
July 2009 | www.fdmasia.com
ENQUIRY NO. 033
Making The Most Out Of
Eastern Trade Media Pte Ltd (a fully owned subsidiary of Eastern Holdings Ltd) Registration No: 199908196C
While a great number of participants were impressed by the vast and diversified technological exploits showcased at the event, more immediate concerns remain – how to overcome the challenges posed by the current global economic crisis, and how to reap in
For one, resource efficiency in the wood industry has become such a huge theme that to dominate discussion about the shape of things to come. And at the same time, new industrial trends in areas as varied as board processing and surface treatment are pointing the industry in the right direction. Industry practitioners can take respite on new technological developments that have emerged, a view expressed by Wolf-Gerd Dieffenbacher, President and CEO of Dieffenbacher, at a recent wood composites symposium (pg 38). He says that the answer lies in the short-term reduction of production costs – by using
Furthermore, if wood-using mills can take advantage of today’s technology, they will be He also encourages the search for new panel products to fill “lucrative niches.” Long-term,
contributors Therese Tan Vaughan Taylor Augustine Quek Kevin Hayes J O Jonsson Dr Jegatheswaran Ratnasingam Frederick D Muëller Keith Boi
to be put in place to reduce resin usage in today’s panelboard plants as resin and all its
better positioned to reap the financial rewards as the economic needle swings into recovery.
senior circulation executive
today’s vast product line of wood composite materials.
business manager (china)
alternate raw materials and lowering resin consumption. He however adds that steps need applications constitute one of the largest single expenditure item in the manufacture of
advertising sales manager
no manufacturer can afford to ignore. Design-oriented ideas and innovations continue
rewards when the expected upturn eventually comes around.
senior art director/studio manager
Ligna 2009 exhibition in Hannover, Germany.
y most accounts, a note of optimism was felt all around the recently concluded
Consultant, Ginnings Far East Associates
Ong Kim Chuan
Managing Director Haleywood Director
President Technik Associates Inc
Francis LL Lam
MBA (UCLA) Arpa (Shanghai)
he foresees “very favourable conditions for wood products with growth on a global scale as population increases.”
EASTERN holdings LTD
Meanwhile on the global regulatory front, much attention has been raised about ‘level’, the new sustainability standard for the furniture industry developed by the Business and
Executive Board chairman
Institutional Furniture Manufacturers Association (BIFMA) in the US. With the emergence of ‘level’, commercial furniture makers must now contend with – and more importantly, conform to – more matters ranging from energy efficiency to material sourcing. It’s going to be interesting to monitor how this new standard plays out – both in terms of regulating the furniture industry and impacting the global commercial landscapes.
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Photo credit: Eran Sandler, Tel Aviv, Israel & Brian Lary, Madison, US
Singapore’s SM Goh Applauds Mozaic Showing In Italy
FDA 2010: Open For Entries Singapore: Registration is now open for
Milan, Italy: Singapore’s Senior Minister,
the Furniture Design Award (FDA) 2010,
Goh Chok Tong visited the Salone
organised by the Singapore Furniture
Internazionale del Mobile 2009 in
Industries Council (SFIC). For the first time, participation in the
Milan, Italy, to lend support to the country’s contingent.
Young Designers category will be extended
The country’s furniture industry
worldwide. In the past years, this category
was represented under the collective
was only open to participants in the
brand, Singapore Mozaic. SM Goh
Asia Pacific region. Similar to last year’s
was received by Andrew Ng, president
of the Singapore Furniture Industries
are not confined
Council (SFIC), and accompanied
by representatives from various
government agencies. The Singapore
participants a free
pavilion included brand ambassadors
reign to express
Air Division, Getz Bros, Koda, Office
Planner and Star Furniture Industries as well as Exit Design. An initiative of the SFIC, Singapore
FDA 2010 consists of three categories – Open, Young Designers and Students. PANTONE 3975 CVC
The Open category targets companies,
(0c 0m 100y 30k)
PANTONE Black 6 CVC (100c 40m 0y 100k)
Mozaic is a B2B industry furniture
seeking participants with entries that
brand supported by ie Singapore and
have already been manufactured and
launched commercially; the Young Designers category caters to local and international
SFIC Mission Into Untapped Markets Of Eastern Europe
participants, aged 35 years and below. The Students category is open to all full-time students from educational institutions in the ASEAN countries.
Singapore: The Singapore Furniture Industries Council (SFIC) led representatives
The judging criteria include creativity,
from 10 local furniture companies on a business mission to explore new
marketability and functionality, including
markets in Eastern Europe. The team visited Hungary, the Czech Republic
aspects of environmental-friendliness
and Poland from May 27 – June 6.
and ergonomics. The closing date for the
Supported by ie Singapore as well as Spring Singapore, and led by Jerry
Students and Young Designers categories
Tan, VP of SFIC and MD of Jaco Furniture, the mission enabled local companies
is September 1 and the Open category is
to gather first hand knowledge of the Eastern European furniture market.
December 21. The creations by the finalists
Participating companies are SFIC members and include Falcon Inc, Jaco
of FDA 2010 will be showcased during
Furniture, Keng Cushions, Koda, QC@Paul, Sitra Holdings (Int’l), Star Furniture,
International Furniture Fair Singapore/
Suncoast Sitra, Univonna and Valencia Design.
ASEAN Furniture Show 2010, held from
Research by CSIL Centre for Industrial Studies Milano showed that
March 9 to 12 at the Singapore Expo.
consumption of home furniture in the new EU Member States amounted to
The recently concluded FDA 2009
US$8.5 billion (at factory prices). Over 80 percent are absorbed by Poland, the
received a total of 637 submissions from
Czech Republic, Romania and Hungary.
Singapore and 18 countries globally. FDA
Singapore’s total trade in furniture with the three countries registered
2010 is supported by DesignSingapore
S$5.7 million (US$4.2 million) in 2006, S$4.9 million in 2007 and S$8.0 million
Council, ie Singapore, Spring Singapore,
in year 2008. The bulk of the revenue came from furniture imports, which
American Hardwood Export Council,
accounted for an average of 97 percent of Singapore’s total furniture trade
Designers Association Singapore, Interior
with the mentioned East European countries.
Design Confederation (S’pore), Singapore Institute of Architects and IFFS.
8 FDM Asia July 2009 | www.fdmasia.com
Enito Secures Singapore Green Label Singapore: Enito Flooring, the palmwood flooring specialist has obtained the Singapore green label for its range of palmwood-based flooring and decking. It is the first company in Singapore to receive the 100 percent recycled material label for its products. The company re-values and reduces waste through its entire product development cycle. The palmwood is harvested from cultivated plantation-grown retired palm trees. From harvesting to production and packing, the company ensures that its eco-friendly procedures are enforced at every stage and that its finished products meet health and environment standards. With tests conducted with the eco-INSTITUT in Germany, the company’s coating systems is free of formaldehyde, and is CE marking certified for quality and safety.
PEFC Endorses Malaysian Chain Of Custody Scheme Global Carbon Project, Canberra, Australia
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: The
Chairman of the Malaysian
Malaysian Timber Certification
Timber Certification Council,
Scheme (MTCS) has become the
which operates the MTCS, said
first tropical timber certification
that the endorsement enables
scheme in the Asia Pacific region
the MTCS to achieve mutual
Kuching, Sarawak: The Sarawak government has fixed
to be endorsed by the Programme
recognition with 26 other PEFC-
a flat rate of RM50 (US$13.70) royalty on all timber with
for the Endorsement of Forest
endorsed certification schemes.
a diameter of 30 cm and above this year, down from the
Certification (PEFC) schemes.
This means that the MTCS-certified
RM65 fixed by the state Forest Department earlier this year following an appeal by the Sarawak Timber Association (STA).
Timber Royalty Reduced In Sarawak
Ben Gunneberg, PEFC
timber product manufacturers
Secretary General, said: “While
and exporters will soon be able to
However, the rates will be revised to RM55 next year
the certification movement has
combine PEFC-certified materials
and RM65 in 2011, says a report in The Star online. Speaking
its origins in efforts to protect
from Malaysia with other PEFC-
at the STA’s AGM in April, association chairman Datuk
tropical forests, over 90 percent
certified materials under the
Wong Kit Yik urged the federal government to exempt
of the world’s certification today
the industry from the doubling of levy on foreign workers.
takes place in the temperate
The decision to endorse
The local government has proposed for a higher levy to
forests of Europe and North
the 2002 Malaysian Criteria and
reduce the number of migrant workers, but the association
America. Yet tropical forests in
Indicators for Forest Management
feels that it would be hard pressed to meet the government’s
the Southern hemisphere offer
Certification was announced on
target of RM53 billion in export earnings by 2020.
the most benefits to tackling some
May 5, 2009 following a general
The top five importers of Sarawak’s logs were India, Japan,
of society’s biggest challenges,
assembly vote. The endorsement
Taiwan, Vietnam and China, which together contributed to
including climate change,
is valid for a five-year period,
97.61 percent of the overall log export revenue for the first
combating deforestation and
with periodic review to ensure
two months of this year. Traditional importing countries
forest degradation, and maintaining
the continued compliance of
such as Thailand, the Middle East and Taiwan were the top
the world’s precious biodiversity.”
the MTCS. BM TRADA offers
three importers of sawn timber, contributing 62.6 percent
Dato’ Dr Freezailah Che Yeom,
certification under the scheme.
to the sawn timber export revenue.
www.fdmasia.com | FDM ASIA July 2009
Indonesia Secures Verified Legal Origin Certificates
Hiller Appointed President Of SFC
Jakarta, Indonesia: Two Tropical Forest
factory in Indonesia through to Crate
Trust (TFT) supported forest projects
and Barrel, a large furniture retailer in the
Texas, USA: The Sustainable Fur-
and one factory have been issued
USA. The forest sources are Perhutani’s
nishings Council (SFC) has appointed
certificates of Verified Legal Origin
Randublatung District, a state-owned
Jeff Hiller as its new president.
(VLO) by the Rainforest Alliance’s
forest plantation, producing teak and
The SFC is a non-profit coalition
mahogany and Kostajasa, a co-operative
of suppliers, manufacturers, retailers
of farmers that produce predominantly
and designers. Mr Hiller served as
one of the founding Board members
Linked together in a supply chain, the achievement means that wooden furniture carrying a ‘Verified Legal
Both forest enterprises have been
and for the past two years has
Origin’ statement can be exported to
working with the TFT for a number of
served as Chair of its Marketing &
the USA. Such verification helps to
years to improve forest practices towards
provide assurance to consumers and
achieving Forest Stewardship Council
His goals are to at least double
companies alike, that their product is
(FSC) certification. In the factory, TFT
membership over each of the next
not linked with forest destruction from
has helped to develop a robust wood
two years, and to continue to develop
control system and monitor production to
programmes that provide immediate
ensure only wood from known, approved
benefit to members.
This recently ‘verified legal’ supply chain connects two forests and a
ENQUIRY NO. 066
Appointments & Notices
sources enters the supply chain.
Richfruits machinery Manufacturing co., Ltd. Add: No.10, Shilong Industrial Road, Shiling Industrial Zone Of Lunjiao, Shunde District, Foshan City, Guangdong Province, China. Fax: 0086-757-27721919 TEl: 0086-757-27721959 E-MAIL: email@example.com Web: www.richfruits.com CONTACT: 0086-13928252573
10 FDM Asia July 2009 | www.fdmasia.com
Japan Records Increase In Forestry Output Tokyo, Japan: The Japanese Ministry
Shipments from Russia,
of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Japan’s largest source of logs
has released its latest statistical data
in 2007, slumped after an export
showing an increase in forestry output
tax increased twice in less than a
in 2007. The release, dated March 27,
year to 25 percent. While Russian
2009 shows an increase in output
timber is preferred due to its price,
for the second consecutive year
strength and smoother texture,
due largely to the increase in Sugi
Russian plans to increase the duty
to 80 percent has in turn caused furniture manufacturers to seek
Forest output was valued at ¥441.44
billion (US$4.4 billion) in 2007, an increase of 2.1 percent compared to
Residential buildings use most
the previous year. Log output was
of the lumber in Japan. About half the country’s houses are
¥225.58 billion, an increase of 3.9 percent, attributed to the increase in
Joi Ito, Inbamura, Japan
constructed using wooden posts, beams or panelling, according to
Sugi production. However, a recent Bloomberg report noted that Japan’s
the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport.
lumber industry, which imports 80 percent of its supplies, may
Japan has allocated ¥500 million in the budget year started
buy more timber from the US, Canada and New Zealand after
April 1 to provide assistance for small and medium-sized
a drop in lumber prices.
he Shenzhen Xinyunxiang Precision Cutters Company is one of the largest manufacturer of woodworking cutting tools in China, it has 3 production branches, one for diamond cutting tools, another two for TCT sawblades, wood working drill bits and milling cutters. ®
Shenzhen Xinyunxiang Precision Tools Co.,LTD
Wanted foreign general agent and Regional Sales Manager! www.fdmasia.com | FDM ASIA July 2009
ENQUIRY NO. 073
Add: 2D, Building A, Xingyi Industrial, Fuyong, Bao'an District, Shenzhen, China Tel: +86-755-27703707 27703556 Fax: +86-755-27703750 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Http://www.xinyunxiang.com
Binh Dinh Seeks Chinese Investors
New Zealand Sees Increased Exports Of Radiata
Binh Dinh, Vietnam: Central Binh Dinh province, located in Vietnam’s South
Auckland, New Zealand: The export of
competitive as they now have some of
Central coastal region, has called upon
radiata pine sawlogs have been one
the lowest wood raw material costs, in
Chinese businesses to invest in its local
of the few bright spots in the forest
US dollar terms, in the world. However,
products sector for New Zealand
the decline for lumber and pulp in
Speaking at a seminar in Quy Nhon
in the past year. Shipments to the
New Zealand’s major export markets
city between Binh Dinh and China’s
two major destinations, China and
remains a concern.
Guangdong province, Nguyen Van Thien,
Japan, were higher in 2008 than
chairman of the Binh Dinh provincial
the previous two years and total
People’s Committee, called for added
exports reached a five-year record
investments from China.
of 6.6 million m3 last year.
More than 100 woodworking
In US dollars, domestic radiata pine
manufacturers from central Vietnam attended
sawlog prices averaged US$49/m3 in
the seminar held in mid-May. In addition,
the 4Q/08, down from the 12-year high
some 21 companies from Guangdong’s
of US$68/m3 in the 1Q/08, according
Dongguan Furniture Association attended the
to the Wood Resource Quarterly.
event. Dongguan is the largest woodwork
In the 4Q/08, the New Zealand
producing area in China and home to
market share of imported logs to
2,200 furniture businesses.
Japan was a record 17 percent, up
With a backdrop provided by 400,000
from about 10 percent in 2006 and
ha forest land, Binh Dinh is home to 110
2007. In China, New Zealand supplied
woodworking enterprises with a total
15 percent of imported softwood logs,
investment capital of US$53 million and
an increase from about four percent
30,000 workers, added the report by
in 2006. Log exporters have recently
Vietnam Business Finance. Woodwork
been benefiting from a weak NZ dollar,
exports account for 80 percent of the
lower freight rates and higher prices
province’s total annual export turnover.
for logs from Russia, the dominant
Plans in the pipeline to expand the
supplier of logs to Asia.
industry include the addition of 1,000
The weak New Zealand dollar
ha of land in the Cat Lam and Cat Hiep
has made pulp and sawmills more
Greenply Industries To Build Indian MDF Plant New Delhi, India: Leveraging
to launch production by
head sanding line, and the Lukki
MDF and particle boards to be
on the demand growth for
2 dimensional panel storage
increasingly used. Greenply
interior infrastructure products
Greenply said the MDF
system supplied by Dieffenbacher.
in India, plywood and laminates
plant would be India’s first to
Engineered panels are said
manufacture MDF boards
manufacturer Greenply Industries
to have a high utilisation of raw
in the following range: plain
plans to set up a medium density
CPS continuous pressing
material resources as compared
medium density fibre board (2.5
fibreboard (MDF) plant with a
technology. The production
to plywood, and the Indian
- 30 mm thickness range), and
projected capacity of 180,000 m3.
line would also incorporate
government’s restrictions on
prelaminated medium density
The Rs 250 crores (US$53.4
Metso’s latest generation EVO
plywood have also resulted in
fibre board (2.5 - 30 mm thickness
million) MDF plant is scheduled
refiner, a Steinemann Satos 8
engineered panel products like
range); in sizes 8’x 6’ and 8’x 4’.
12 FDM Asia July 2009 | www.fdmasia.com
Acimall Report Shows ‘Signals Of Recovering Confidence’
Rockworth To Manufacture Furniture In Chennai
Milan, Italy: In the first quarter 2009, the global economic
Chennai, India: Rockworth Systems Furniture (India), a
situation took a toll on the woodworking and wood-based
joint venture between Dubai-based Al Reyami Group
and Thailand-based Rockworth Public, will set up its
The periodical market survey conducted by the Studies Office of Acimall (the association of Italian machinery
first manufacturing facility in India at Sri City SEZ, a multi-product special economic zone in Chennai.
manufacturers) showed a 54.8 percent drop in orders
The memorandum of understanding was inked between
during the January to March period when compared to
Ravindra Sannareddy, MD, Sri City SEZ, and Sheikh Rashid
the same figures in 2008. The survey noted a ‘heavy’
Mubarak Saif Al Reyami, Chairman, Rockworth Systems
trend, with foreign orders down by 56 percent and
domestic orders down by 50.6 percent. Prices recorded
Rockworth Systems, a specialist in office furniture, is expected to invest close to US$16.8 million in the Indian
a 0.1 percent decrease. Despite the decrease of orders in the first quarter, the
facility and will employ over 300 people in its first phase.
survey showed some signals of recovering confidence,
According to the company’s press release, production is
especially in the international markets. According to the
expected to start in April 2010.
release from Acimall, “the beginning of 2009 seems to leave
Sri City, located some 55 km from Chennai, lays claim as the largest private sector multi-product special
room for moderate optimism”. The survey further indicated that some 30 percent of
economic zone in South India.
those sampled expected growth in foreign orders while 40 percent expected orders to stay at the same level. The remainder expected a drop in foreign orders. As for the domestic market, 17 percent of respondents expect the local market to expand while 40 percent feared further shrinkage. The remaining 43 percent of those sampled expect the domestic market to be stable.
SaleS executive - thailand DLH Nordisk is a
Milan, Italy: The economic
of industry has provided a
downturn has cut into
foundation for a recovery
in Denmark and has
orders received by European
after it gets through these
been in the timber
public listed company
business since 1908. We have companies
manufacturers as well.
The momentum that
However, according to a
press release by the European
Federation of Woodworking
had gained a year before has
now ground to a halt, but
(Eumabois), it is not a
they maintain their leadership
crash into the abyss, as
position in the world market
– with Germany and Italy
manufacturers have been
the two strongest export
preparing for tough times.
countries, accounting for about
The release adds: “This sector
half of worldwide exports.
in 33 countries world‐ wide, employing ap‐ prox. 3,800 people.
We invite applicants for the above position: · Sales and marketing of timber raw-materials from around the world to furniture, flooring and panel manufacturers in Thailand for further processing · Experience from the timber industry/ trade is an advantage · Good in written and spoken English · Experience with MS Office · Domicile in Bangkok area Please send application with complete personal details to email@example.com
ENQUIRY NO. 070
Eumabois: Foundation For Recovery Prepared
DLH Nordisk A/S Mr. Flemming Thomsen Unit A, 16/F, World Trust Tower 50 Stanley Street, Central, Hong Kong
www.fdmasia.com | FDM ASIA July 2009 905504_personeelsad.indd 1
5/28/09 10:25:08 AM
Edward Parker/Tropical Forest Trust
Siempelkamp Acquires Hombak
ALPI Secures TFT Membership
Krefeld, Germany: Hombak Maschinen-
headquarters in Bad Kreuznach, a
und Anlagenbau has been acquired by
district in Rhineland-Palatinate area.
Siempelkamp Maschinen- und Anlagenbau.
The company reported a sales volume
With the acquisition, Siempelkamp is
of approximately €6 million (US$8.4
able to offer a range of products involved
million) in 2008. Hombak will continue to
in the front-end area of production of
market its products and services under
wood-based products. This includes
the Hombak name.
machines for material crushing (for flakers,
With Siempelkamp’s technical know-
chippers, and mills) to machines for
how, Hombak is set to improve its existing
material grading, as well as conveyor
machines and develop new machines for
systems and bunker installations.
the front-end area. The Siempelkamp
Modigliana, Italy: Since March 2007,
Hombak, founded in 1924, develops
the ALPI Group and the Tropical Forest
and manufactures its machines at its
Group achieved a total sales volume of €681 million in 2008.
Trust (TFT) have been cooperating in the establishment of sustainable management of ALPI’s forest concessions. This has involved the
Välinge R&D Centre Moves To Viken
implementation of a programme of
Viken, Sweden: Välinge has
for laminate and wood
is also equipped with the
technical, management and social
broadened its technology
flooring’, the facility offers
largest climate chamber
actions at the Group’s production
base from mainly locking
a machining line with 40
in the world allowing the
sites in Cameroon, Africa.
systems to all fields related to
tool station enabling the
testing of flooring surfaces
In a press release, issued by ALPI,
laminate and wood floorings
production of laminate
up to 1,000 m2. The new
Scott Poynton, TFT’s Executive Director
by extending its research
and wood floorings from
equipment will be used
said: “ALPI has shown significant
and development facilities.
57 – 2,400 mm in size.
to develop new flooring
commitment over our two-year
Its new R&D centre
A major part of the
technology and to make
cooperation focussing on specific issues,
is an investment of €35
facility is used to develop
samples and start-up
and deserves to be a TFT member.
million (US$49.8 million)
and to produce new floor
products for licensees.
TFT membership is not automatic:
and comprises 17,000 m
panels based on its Powder
The total investment will
it is only granted to companies that
of office and lab space.
be close to €50 million when
demonstrate real commitment to
Billed as ‘the most advanced
to the company’s press
installation is completed
sustainable forest management”.
R&D centre in the world
release, the R&D centre
sometime in 2010 - 2011.
Vittorio Alpi added: “Now that the whole company is working to obtain FSC certification, we believe that strengthening our relationship
Raute Expands Into Cutting Tools & Secures
with the TFT through membership
Nastola, Finland: In order to improve its service performance
is a wise, logical choice”.
to its customers, Raute has started cooperation with the
By becoming a member of the
Slovenian knife manufacturer Ravne Knives.
TFT, ALPI enhances its commitment
Cutting tools are seen as a natural addition to
to excellence in sustainable forest
Raute’s scope of products and services as they form
an essential part of many machines used. For eg: in
ALPI is a major international
the veneer manufacturing process.
industrial group operating in the
Ravne Knives, a producer of industrial knives, is
timber sector, with over 50 percent
supported by ISO 9001 Quality Assurance System.
of its production being based outside
Raute’s customers can now purchase high quality
its native Italy. Its concessions in the
Ravne knives for their Raute equipment directly through
African tropical forests cover over
Raute’s worldwide sales and service network.
425,000 ha in the Cameroon.
14 FDM Asia July 2009 | www.fdmasia.com
On a separate note, Raute signed a contract with
Industry News ������������������� �������������������
High Point Market Turns 100 North Carolina, USA: The High
included 29,468 retail buyers
Point Market celebrated its
and 14,769 designers. In
100th anniversary in April this
addition, some 2,475 buyers
year. With global recession and
returned to the market after
competing convention cities like
an absence of a year or more,
Las Vegas and Milan putting
and 7,807 were first-timers
on the glitz, total registrations
at the market.
for last April’s market suffered
The figures indicate the
only a minor dip of 8 percent
number of who registered
below the 2008 spring market.
for market, but the Market
The High Point Market
Authority does not release
Authority said registrations
actual attendance figures.
totalled 75,537, a figure that
The High Point Market began in 1909, about 20 years after the first factories started up to take advantage of the lumber and good railroad access. By 1925, North Carolina produced more wooden furniture than any other state. In addition to its manufacturing
central North Carolina has developed a local array of specialised skills including furniture design, advertising, photography, marketing, financing, and transportation.
Chinese-Russian Contract Chinese investors to deliver veneer mill machinery to Russia. The contract, signed during Ligna, was worth about €8 million (US$11.4 million) with the Chinese-Russian investment company Henda-Siberia. The new mill will be built in the Tomsk region in Russia. The contract comprises a log handling line, a peeling line, and a veneer drying and grading line. The contract, effective in June 2009, will see the deliveries taking place in late 2009 and early 2010. Henda-Siberia is a Russian company owned by Yantai Northwest Forestry and the Chinese Investment Promotion Agency of Yantai Economic and Technological Development Area.
Increase your productivity Increase your productivity with first classproductivity tools Increase with first your class tools with first class tools Increase the productivity of your producIncrease of your production. Withthe theproductivity Leitz Diamaster router proIncrease your productivity tion. With the Leitz Diamaster router proIncrease the productivity of your producgramme you increase your production gramme you increase your production tion. With the Leitz Diamaster router prowith first class tools output and convince by perfect results. output and perfect results. gramme youconvince increaseby your production Increase the productivity of yourresults. producoutput and convince As today, precision isby theperfect precondition of As today, precision is the precondition of tion. With the Leitz Diamaster router proany efﬁcient production. And, of course, any cient production. And, of course, gramme you increase your production As precision precondition of thetoday, ﬁefﬁ nish quality andisathe quality without the ﬁ nish quality and a quality without output and convince by perfect results. any efﬁ cient production. And, of course, any reworking. Because the products any the products the nish quality and a quality without thatﬁreworking. leave your Because that leave your As today, precision is thethe precondition any reworking. Because products of company are the company are the any efﬁ cient production. And, of course, that leave your best reference best reference the new ﬁnishand quality company are the and a quality without for for new and any reworking. best reference already existingBecause the products already existing thatnew leave your for and customers. customers. company are the already existing best reference customers. for new and already existing Leitz GmbH & Co. KG Leitz Tooling Asia PTE LTD Leitzstrasse 1 Clementi Loop 04-01 Leitz GmbH2& Co. KG Leitz Tooling Asia PTE LTD customers. 73447 Oberkochen Leitzstrasse 2 Leitz GmbH & Co. KG Germany 73447 Oberkochen Leitzstrasse 2 Tel. +49 (0) 7364/950-0 Germany 73447 Oberkochen Fax Tel. +49 (0) 7364/950-662 7364/950-0 Germany firstname.lastname@example.org Fax +49 (0) 7364/950-662 Tel. +49 (0) 7364/950-0 Leitz GmbH & Co. KG www.leitz.org email@example.com Fax +49 (0) 7364/950-662 Leitzstrasse www.leitz.org2 firstname.lastname@example.org 73447 Oberkochen www.leitz.org Germany Tel. +49 (0) 7364/950-0 Fax +49 (0) 7364/950-662 email@example.com www.leitz.org
Clementi West Distripark, 1 Clementi Loop 04-01 Leitz Tooling Asia PTE LTD Singapore 129808 Clementi West Distripark, 1 Clementi Loop 04-01 Tel. +65 64625368 Singapore 129808 Clementi West Distripark, Fax Tel. +65 64624002 64625368 Singapore 129808 64621209 Fax +65 64624002 Tel. 64625368 Leitz+65 Tooling Asia PTE LTD firstname.lastname@example.org +65 64621209 Fax +65 64624002 1 Clementi Loop 04-01 www.leitztools.com email@example.com +65 West 64621209 Clementi Distripark, www.leitz.org www.leitztools.com firstname.lastname@example.org Singapore 129808 www.leitz.org www.leitztools.com Tel. +65 64625368 www.leitz.org Fax +65 64624002 +65 64621209 www.fdmasia.com | FDM ASIA July 2009 email@example.com www.leitztools.com
ENQUIRY NO. 068
ready supply of cheap local
Biesse & Bacci Ink Distribution Agreement
Rudy Giuliani To Speak At NHLA Convention
North Carolina, USA: Biesse, manufacturer of high-tech
Tennessee, USA: Rudy Giuliani, the former
machinery and systems for wood, glass and stone fabrication,
New York City mayor and US presidential
has signed an exclusive distribution agreement with Bacci.
candidate, has accepted The National
Founded in 1918, Bacci specialises in the solid wood
Hardwood Lumber Association (NHLA)
and chairs markets as well as in 5-axis CNC machining
invitation to be its keynote speaker at the
centres implemented with operating software. The
2009 NHLA Annual Convention & Exhibit Showcase (October 1).
partnership establishes Biesse America and Canada as
Mayor Giuliani has been widely lauded for his steady hand
the sole distributor of Bacci machinery in the US and
during challenging times and, among his many accolades,
Canada, excluding the provinces of Ontario and Quebec.
was named ‘Person of the Year by TIME magazine.
Said Federico Broccoli, CEO of Biesse and Intermac in
“In this challenging and unique period in our industry’s
USA and Canada in a company press release: “The ability
history, Mr. Giuliani’s insight, wisdom and leadership experience
to offer customers Bacci technology allows for greater
in crisis management should resonate with convention attendees
expansion into the solid wood markets and will also create
as we all try to survive the current economic crisis,” said Ted
new opportunities in industries such as traditional furniture,
Rossi, NHLA President in a press release.
chairs, doors, aerospace, automotive, and plastics.” Biesse will supply all existing Bacci customers with
The four-day event will be held at the Sheraton Boston Hotel from September 30 - October 3.
technicians, support and parts.
US Now Leading Supplier Of Logs To Japan Washington, USA: With declining Russian
Japanese sawmills imported some
log shipments, the US has moved up
35 percent of foreign logs in 2008.
to become the leading supplier of logs
While imports of logs have fallen over
According to a report by the Working
the last decade, imports of processed
Forest, Japanese companies are likely
Japan is the second largest importer
products such as lumber, plywood
to increase imports of logs from New
of logs in the world after China. The
and fibreboard have shown advances
Zealand and North America. With an
import of logs to Japan has declined
during the same period.
expected increase in housing in 2010 – 2011,
only 17 percent (compared to almost 55 percent at its height in 2006).
for four consecutive years and was
Russia, considered a major supplier of
Japanese log import volumes are likely to
in 2008, 34 percent lower than the
logs in the country, has seen its numbers
rise. Countries expected to benefit from
previous year, says a report in Wood
eroding over the years. In early 2009, the
the increase in demand includes: USA,
country’s share of the pie represented
Canada, New Zealand and even Europe.
Amana Tool Goes Green New York, USA: Amana
mandate material recycling,
factories feature clean air systems
to keep the tool body instead
Tool of Farmingdale, New
water conservation and air
that prevent toxic emissions into
of replacing the entire tool.
York, has launched its green
the environment. It recently began
This technology will help
manufacturing initiatives that
The company’s main
energy conservation practices
save raw materials such as
include environmentally friendly
production facilities recycle
to lower the company’s energy
steel and other alloys.
insert tool designs that save
all waste products, including
consumption at workstations
metals, oils and leftover raw
and compressor locations.
The manufacturer of
materials such as carbide
The company has a range
carbide cutting tools says
powder, reducing the cost and
of cutting tools that feature
its green initiatives include
environmental impact of the tool
replacement carbide knives that
energy conservation measures,
manufacturing process. The
can be changed, enabling users
16 FDM Asia July 2009 | www.fdmasia.com
Industry News China Focus
China Ups Its Tax Rebates
China’s Annual Timber Harvest Hits All-time High
Beijing: China has raised export tax rebates on
To shore up its exports, China’s overall
more than 2,600 items, including machines.
tax rebate rate is now stands at 12.4
The country’s latest tax rebate, which
percent. Besides the tax rebates, the
came into effect on June 1, is directed
local government has also pledged more
towards shoring up its exports during
than US$878 billion to aid small- and
this global downturn.
medium-sized companies to expand into
Beijing: The 2009 National Timber
the international markets.
Production Plan released by China’s
Offered by the country’s Ministry of Finance, it is the seventh in a series since
Xinhua further reports that China’s
State Forestry Administration (SFA)
August 2008 as the local government
exports fell 24.3 percent in the first four
forecasted that industrial roundwood
seeks to improve its industrial structure
months this year. But in April alone,
removal in the country will reach
and upgrade its export-oriented industries.
the decline rate was 1.9 percentage
100.39 million m³ this year, an all-
According to Xinhua news agency, the
points slower than the first quarter. The
time high in the history of China’s
Chinese government hopes that the rebate
month-on-month figure in April was 10.4
timber harvest, says the ITTO’s
would help spur the economy and reduce
percentage points higher.
Tropical Timber Market (June 1-15,
costs for the exporters.
The ministry aims to increase rebate
According to a notice jointly announced
rates on those high-tech and high-value-
The projected 100.39 million m³
by the ministry and the State Administration
added industries, at the same time, eliminate
timber harvest is nearly three times as
of Taxation, tax rebates vary from 5 percent
rebates on industries that consume too
much as the annual removal before
to 17 percent for a variety of listed items.
much energy and discharge pollutants.
the implementation of the Natural Forest Protection Programme (NFPP),
Taicang Port Timber Imports Show Increase
which was developed to protect China’s natural forests.
Jiangsu: Timber imports through Taicang Port in the Jiangsu Province
The Plan also cites that timber
recorded a surge of 46 percent (representing 330,000 m by volume). By
removed from plantations is 72.28
value, the imports reached US$36.8 million (a 3 percent increase over
million m³, with removal from natural
forests at 28.11 million m³ by volume.
The Taicang Entry-Exit Inspections and the Quarantine Bureau credited the
According to the Plan, timber
increase to the port’s installation of a national timber fumigation inspection
removed in the five provinces in
zone. In addition, the port’s optimised efficiency to attract wider supply
South China, where plantations
sources and reduced storage fees helped propel the increase.
are dominant, amounted to 48.9 million m³, representing close to
half of the total timber removed in China. Conversely, only 7 million m³ of
China’s Wooden Door Industry Expected To Excel
timber were removed in the stateowned forests of Northeast China and Inner Mongolia, where natural forests are dominant.
China: The development of the wooden
2010. The Wood Door Committee of the
The statistical data did show three
door industry in China is largely driven
China Timber Circulation Association
favourable changes taking place in
by market demand. Many producers
expects that domestic demand for wooden
China’s timber production practices:
have enlarged their scale of production
doors will exceed RMB60 million (US$8.7
major timber producing areas have
over the last couple of years with new
million) in 2008.
moved from north to south; timber
According to 2009 estimates, there
harvests have shifted from natural to
are more than 10,000 door manufacturing
man-made forests; and collectively
ITTO’s Tropical Timber Report expects
enterprises in China. Preliminary estimates
owned forests have become major
more furniture and flooring enterprises
indicate that 40 percent of wooden door
timber producing sources instead
gaining entrance into this sector with
enterprises have an annual output of
of state-owned forests.
improved production patterns in 2009 and
RMB10 million to RMB30 million.
entrants coming into the market to stimulate it further.
www.fdmasia.com | FDM ASIA July 2009
Product highlights Titus: Cam 3000 & Combi Dowel
Makor: Gemini Edge Coating Machine The Gemini developed between Markor and Tecnolegno of the Markor Group is an automatic, single sided machine for inline sanding, buffing, cleaning, varnishing, drying and curing operations of solid wood, MDF or other material panels and profiles. The edge finishing plant offers a sturdy frame to support the bearing transmission system. Its vacuum head is able to apply paint in a separated suction area. This offers greater uniformity and prevents a heap buildup on the panel edges. The Moplen templates can be switched quickly thanks to its fast change device. To work a flat edge, there is a roller unit to turn to. The bottom sanding belt for double raised panels serves to complete the unit.
Titus offers a wide variety of cams and combi dowels allowing flat-pack furniture to be assembled easily. The range includes two new additions. The Cam 3000 comes with combined recess, a more efficient cam profile with smooth tightening action and greater pull-up. Its broad range of drilling tolerances ensures faster assembly and a strong joint. The design enables the use of combined slot and universal cover caps and its mainly intended for use with the Combi dowel. The Combi dowel M6 combines steel and a minimum of zinc. They offer greater resistance to torsion and pull-out while a depthstop collar ensures accurate insertion. Hardware solutions provider Titus is part of the TitusPlus Group.
Enquiry No: 5001
Enquiry No: 5002
Trada: Guidance Documents On CL Timber Trada Technology has published four guidance documents on cross-laminated timber (CL). • Wood Information Sheets, Cross-laminated timber: introduction for specifiers • Cross-laminated timber: structural principles • Guidance Document GD10: Cross-laminated timber – design guide for project feasibility • Guidance Document Worked Example 12-storey building of cross-laminated timber Cross-laminated timber offers opportunities to use timber in situations where designers would normally use traditional materials such as steel, concrete and masonry. As with any new structural material, it is essential that designers understand how to achieve its potential while respecting its limitations. Enquiry No: 5003
18 FDM Asia July 2009 | www.fdmasia.com
Wen Chih: Collet Holders Taiwan-based Wen Chih Machinery Industrial specialises in the manufacture of multishaft boring products for the woodworking industry. The company has just introduced its ISO 30 series and HSK63F series collet holders. The ISO 30 series and HSK63F series are designed to work with various router bits. Hardened and precision ground, the polished collet holders are fabricated with SNCM220 alloy, and offer stiffness and rigidity. It is also highly accurate in running test at speeds of 24,000 rpm/G2.5. Enquiry No: 5004
Focus Short Cycle Presses:
In The Future
A newly installed laminating line is helping a US furniture board manufacturer to face the challenges of the future. By George Hehn, documentation & marketing, Dieffenbacher Maschinenfabrik
n the midst of the green heart of the USA, in the heavily forested state of Montana, one of the most modern laminating lines for furniture boards has been taken into operation for the client, Roseburg Forest Products. Roseburg Forest Products was founded more than 70 years ago and is based in Oregon. It is one of the largest privately owned suppliers and processors of timber products and employs more than 4,000 people. The company operates production facilities in Oregon, South Carolina, California and other states of the USA, as well as numerous sales offices and shareholdings. Right from the planning stage of the project, the family-run company had specific ideas on what they expected in terms of productivity and logistics
is possible for the plant to laminate particleboards, MDF and HDF boards in 2, 3 or 4-board operation. To avoid downtimes associated with material supply and possible material bottlenecks, two loading roller conveyors and two board singling stations were provided in the raw board supply area. The singling stations are supplied via a fully automatic distribution cart. The singling function (directly ahead of the raw board cleaning station), can be performed either from the left or right of the feed roller conveyor by way of an automatic push-in system. This enables a continuous sequence of actions. There is a corresponding buffer module in the foil feed area as well. Here, it is possible to load new foil pallets on a two-daylight chain conveyor at each foil lay-up station. A pallet lift takes the supplied pallet and transfers it to the pallet lifting case. From here, the foil lay-up device picks up the foils and the press package is formed. Both daylights of the foil-lifting
The plant had a calculated investment framework and combines the dual benefits of production flexibility with those of productivity. for the plant. Following a planning phase of about three months, all the contracts for implementing the project were signed and sealed.
Managing Expectations The plant had a calculated investment framework and combines the dual benefits of production flexibility with those of productivity. It comprise the entire finishing process from the sanded raw board through to wrapping and assignment of the stack of finished and laminated boards. It
cage can be adjusted lengthways and crossways â€“ independently of one another. This enables them to be automatically aligned according to the edge of the foil. The foil feed system configured in this way operates continuously, enabling new foil stacks to be prepared for subsequent production at the same time.
Precision Packed The foil lay-up area includes two stations with automatic lay-up systems. Each foil is controlled by light barriers and
www.fdmasia.com | FDM ASIAâ€‚ July 2009
Raw board staging area with raw board loader shuttle and two singling stations
can be placed down accurately to the millimetre. With this, only a small amount of foil is left projecting, reducing the amount of waste material. The cleaning station for the incoming raw boards comes with motor-driven rotating brush rollers. These are height adjustable to suit the varying board thickness. Before a press package is loaded into the press, the foils have to be in close contact with the board to prevent the formation of air pockets. The ionization effect over the entire surface means the foils placed on the board are statically charged in the critical edge areas. This method is a more reliable way and serves to avoid damage during transfers. The press used is a Dieffenbacher short-cycle press unit type KT-SQ with 180 press cycles per hour. It is 7.7 metres in length and designed for two, three and four-board operation. This allows the manufacturer to produce a variety of board formats with greater energy efficiency and, use of available area. The press is designed as a down stroke press and due to the cylinder
20 FDM Asiaâ€‚ July 2009 | www.fdmasia.com
arrangement, the press achieves an evenly distributed press of 3.5 N/mmÂ˛ with a heating platen format of 1,650 x 7,700 mm. The hydraulic drive is controlled with proportional valves for speed, pressure and position control. As a result, it is possible to achieve the required results even at high speeds when using variable board formats, thickness values and foil properties.
both its length with an unbroken rail during the loading procedure. For added accuracy, the press pack is placed in the press by means of a motor-driven synchronous kinematic system. The travel movements of the loading and unloading system are coupled. Asynchronous servomotors with low-backlash gear units and frequency inverters are used in the system. The finished board is subsequently removed from the press via suction cups. A dry-running vacuum pump is used to dispense with the problems associated an oil bath. The caul plates are changed as complete sets ie: the top and bottom caul plates are exchanged at the same time in one operation. For this purpose, the press unit has plate-clamping units for clamping the bottom and top caul plates and, pneumatically-operated pack change units that can pick up the entire plate pack.
Loaded Up The Synchron Quick loading station is equipped with two working levels. Even when loading and unloading procedures are in process (in the press unit), it is possible to transport the next board with its foil into the lower working level. This is done by use of a positioning belt to move the board to the pick-up position, in front of the press. Once the loading device has moved back, the positioned pack is transferred to the loading trays by means of an electric motordriven lifting unit integrated in the positioning belt. The press pack transferred in this way is gripped along
The patented caul plate clamping system
Here the finished boards are stacked accordingly. The stacking station comes equipped with an automatic protection-board supply system. This serves to protect the top and bottom as well as the edges and surfaces of the finished stack of boards. At the Roseburg’s request, the entire system comes with an Allen Bradley sourced controller. The programme The programme structure was developed structure by Dieffenbacher uses a by Dieffenbacher visualisation computer. Ziasenhausen and uses a visualisation computer. Using the Wonderware software by Intouch, The caul plates are transported between the press unit and the caul plate store by means of the caul plate changing frame. This changeover system ensures that the caul plates are transported lying clamped on the changing frames, and accords them added protection. This system can also be used for the exchange of single plates. The foil projection (at the edges of the board) are removed in a four-side trimming system. The short ends of the boards being processed by three scrapers arranged in sequence and equipped with carbide tips. At the customer’s request, the lengthway sides of boards are trimmed by milling heads. An auger conveyor then transports the residual foil fragments to the extraction system.
the settings and parameters are offered in an easy-to-understand menu structure. Manual functions for setup and maintenance work can be performed in individual areas via local operating panels. Roseburg Forest Products sells almost all of its products in the North American market. It sees its investment in a Dieffenbacher shortcycle laminating line as a logical further step in the company’s drive for expansion. “This is an enormous step for our plant,” said plant manager Ken Cole at the commissioning of the new line. I believe it is the most important component we were missing in order to make us ready to face the challenges of the future.” FDM ENQUIRY NO. 5101
Final Touches ENQUIRY NO. 036
Following cleaning, the board runs through an automated Grecon monitoring system where its top and bottom surfaces are scanned. They are then assigned to a quality category, and to an appropriate stacking station.
www.fdmasia.com | FDM ASIA July 2009
It's On The Level
Eric Goethals / FSC
Jochen Schoengart / FSC
There is a new sustainability standard in town that the commercial furniture industry has to live up to now. By Frederick D Muëller
urniture made according to environmental and social responsibility standards – that is what the Business and Institutional Furniture Manufacturers Association (BIFMA) sustainability standard aims to achieve. level is the multi-attribute, sustainability standard and third-party certification programme introduced by US headquartered BIFMA in early June, for the furniture industry. Created to deliver an open and transparent means of evaluating and communicating the environmental and social impacts of furniture products in the built environment, the new standard addresses how a product is sustainable from multiple perspectives. It takes into account a company’s social actions, energy usage, material selection and human and ecosystem health impacts.
Measuring Friendliness level will give furniture buyers an idea of just how energy efficient, ecologically friendly and socially responsible a solid-wooden desk or made-with-MDF wardrobe cabinet is – and, along the way, secure some green building brownie points as well. BIFMA, the trade association for the commercial furniture industry, representing firms in the contract furniture market
22 FDM Asia July 2009 | www.fdmasia.com
in North America, worked with third-party certification bodies NSF International and Scientific Certification Systems. Basically, they looked into various ways to compare the energy and its greenhouse-gas emissions from the materials used, in addition — the attendant social and ecological impacts associated with their manufactured item. According to the press release from BIFMA, with level “consumers can make informed choices about commercial furniture that exceed single attribute eco-certifications. The level brand identifies that a product has been vetted by an accredited third party certifier (NSF, SCS, or others) and its numeric marking 1, 2, or 3 indicates what threshold of certification it has achieved.” The release further adds: “Manufacturers – big and small – now have a methodology to present the environmental characteristics in a clear, easily understood manner with a vernacular that gives end users the ability to make an ‘apples to apples’ comparison.”
An Oversight Developed with the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) oversight in mind, level has to function in ways proprietary standards do not. The ANSI process requires
Heavy duty helical planer cutter head with disposable knives
Helical planer cutter head with disposable knives
Adjustable planer cutterhead
Safety corrugate cutter head
Single/double surface planer - helical planer cutter head with disposable knives
Welding helical planer cutterhead
All kinds of profile cutters
ENQUIRY NO. 008
Eric Goethals/Forest Stewardship Council
full transparency, open and balanced participation in the standard’s creation, and a consensus based approach to dealing with all issues related to the standard. In essence, level certification assures that an accredited third-party has verified a specific product’s conformance to the standard. Inherent in the standard is an understanding that it is in a state of continual maintenance and review. This means that as part of the standard’s evolution, any emerging issues will be reviewed on an ongoing basis through the ANSI process as opposed to issues being addressed through a ‘batched’ approach. As a result, the level sustainability standard will be undergoing constant improvements that will be fully open to public input and discourse. In the standards world, this concentration on ‘real time’, continuous improvement for sustainability is necessary due to the growing body of scientific knowledge on these issues as well as the urgent need for actions to benefit the planet. The world of environmentally responsible products and manufacturing is now more clear. Commercial furniture that meets the demands of environmentally focused ENQUIRY NO. 5105 purchasing is now level. FDM
Planer cutterhead with disposable knives
www.fdmasia.com | FDM ASIA July 2009
Once the focus was on the major cities of China, now AHEC is branching out into its secondary and interior cities. By Therese Tan
DM Asia met up with John Chan, American Hardwood Export Council’s South-east Asia & Greater China regional director (above pic), during his recent trip to Singapore. In a one-on-one interview with him, FDM Asia finds out more of AHEC's expansion plans in China.
FDMAsia: The financial situation today is affecting companies globally and regionally. Why is AHEC still taking on the Chinese market? John Chan: In 1992, lumber exports to China totalled US$1 million. This number increased to US$187.4 million by 2008. An estimated half of this went to the interior decoration segment, including flooring and furniture and joinery. The other half was used for exports. This showed a substantial growth of demand for US hardwood in China’s domestic market, although exports to China registered a 15 percent decrease in 2008 from 2007 due to the global financial crisis. While the crisis resulted in a slowdown on imports of US hardwood to China, a stimulus package of US$585 billion by the Chinese government has helped to improve spending conditions. China is also offering increased rebates of 11-13 percent VAT to furniture producers to
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help ease their financial burden during the financial crisis. We have observed that the Chinese furniture market has expanded rapidly for the last five years. The country’s total furniture production in 2008 reached US$88 billion. One third of its production was for export, while two thirds were retained for domestic consumption. The next change in the country came from the relative ease to obtain home loans as a direct result of the stimulus package. New homes sales encouraged the buying of electrical appliances and, of course, furniture. This was reflected from the
growth in demand in the interior decoration sectors domestically. Ten years ago we saw applications of US hardwood only in hotels, commercial offices and high-end residential projects. But in the past five years, US hardwoods have been gradually used for interior decoration purposes in medium range residential areas.
FDMAsia: How have you been promoting AHEC in China? JC: Even as markets are facing difficulties, AHEC maintains the same marketing budgets in promoting our hardwoods. We held nine conventions in China,
on major cities in the country. Now we are branching into secondary and interior cities such as Shenzhen, Zhongshan, Dongguan, Guangzhou, Ningbo, Hangzhou, Shanghai, Suzhou, Nanjing, Changsha, Xian, Chonqing, Wuhan, Chengdu, Xiamen, Fuzhou, Dalian, Shenyang, Jinan, Qingdao, Beijing and Tianjin. As cost of production in coastal cities has been rising, more factories and production facilities are expected to move into interior cities. Moving inland will also serve the Chinese domestic market better due to the ease of transportation from the factories.
In addition, you will notice a definite shift to focus on the environment. Programmes are tailored to tackle issues such as sustainability, environmental credentials, legality and responsible procurement policies. This is beside the usual technical, lumber, veneer and flooring seminars held in cooperation with the various trade and designer associations in China. To promote the diversity of US hardwood in China’s domestic market, in 2003 and 2005, AHEC co-operated with a developer in two demo units in Shanghai to showcase American hardwoods in interior designs. These two projects featured hardwood species such as cherry, walnut, red oak and birch. We hope to impart more such knowledge on the use of US hardwoods, to architects and interior designers and homeowners ENQUIRY NO. 5104 in China. FDM
Even as markets are facing difficulties, AHEC maintains the same marketing budgets in promoting its hardwoods.
Welcome to the Future of Thin-Cutting Technology Thin-Cutting Frame Saws High-end thin cutting with WINTERSTEIGER frame saw technology means highest possible yield, incredibly smooth lamella surface and very fast Return On Investment. Made in Austria. Thin-Cutting Frame Sawblades Stellite & Carbide tipped No matter what kind of wood you are cutting, or what kind of frame saw you are using, WINTERSTEIGER has the perfect sawblade for you. You will experience the diﬀ erence.
ENQUIRY NO. 069
and one in Kuala Lumpur, one in Bangkok and two in Ho Chi Minh City in the past years. The association has conducted over 100 seminars and exhibited in over 50 trade shows in China and South-east Asia over the last 17 years. In addition, AHEC’s 14th SEA & Greater China convention on The Sustainability and Diversity of US Hardwood, is scheduled this coming June from 10-11, 2009 in Shenyang. At present, we cover 22 cities in China. Before, we used to focus only
Thin-Cutting Band Saws New band saw technology with feed speed up to 60m/min. Maximum precision with minimum cutting kerf starting from 1.0 mm!
WINTERSTEIGER SEA PTE LTD, 2 Ang Mo Kio Street 64 #05-03A, Singapore 569084, Tel. +65 6363 3384, Fax +65 6363 3378, firstname.lastname@example.org, www.wintersteiger.com
www.fdmasia.com | FDM ASIA July 2009
Of Wood Working From the lumberjack’s axe and saw to powerful lasers, the array of cutting tools is a testament to the numerous ways of processing wood. By Augustine Quek
utting tools are used in wood working for a large number of uses, from sizing timber into smaller pieces by mechanical saws to cutting fine threads using grooving tools and holders. The ability to control the way wood is cut is at the very core of woodworking industry. This ability has been augmented by the wide array of tools and instruments invented throughout human history for this purpose. Wood cutting tools encompass a wide variety of apparatus, including bits, blades, abrasives, water jets and energy cutters like lasers. Routing bits, trimmer blades and even lasers can cut intricate and beautiful patterns, while larger saws and cutters size and shape blocks of wood.
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Saw Blades: It’s In The Teeth Saws are vital in woodworking and are ubiquitous in every workshop. Saws date back to prehistory, and likely evolved from Neolithic tools or bone tools. The first saw was likely to have been a jaw bone of bovid animals, in the Pleistocene era. The modern serrated saw has each tooth bent to a precise angle, called a set. There are currently a few popular set patterns. The Raker pattern has three teeth in a left, right, straight sequence in a uniform set angle. The alternate set has every tooth set in an alternating sequence. There is also a multi-tooth sequence depending on tooth pitch with varying set angles. Different saw designs, with
different sets, shapes and sizes are suitable for different jobs. For example, a rip saw has a flat front edge for each tooth that is angled neither forward nor backward. This is ideal for rip cut, or a cut made parallel to the direction of the grain of the workpiece. Mitre saws are usually circular saws that can change its cutting angle precisely, in making bevels and crosscuts, or cuts perpendicular to the grain. When space is restricted when cutting is required, a jigsaw can be used for straight or curved cutting. There are also bi-directional tooth configurations that allow saws to cut in both directions with minimal burring. However, manual-powered saws have given way to electrically-powered ones. Power tools have not only increased the
Focus cutting force that can be applied consistently, they have also increased the flexibility of wood working with different settings and blades that can be used with one tool, such as the appropriate number of teeth, saw blade type, cutting speed and feed rate. Power tools are also more accurate. For example, a table saw not only cuts faster than a hand saw, but the cuts are smoother, straighter and more square than even the most skilled man can do with a hand saw.
Tool Bits: About Symmetry There is undoubtedly a huge variety of tool bits available for wood working, from drilling to routing to moulding. Tool bits include drill, holesaws, routers, and cutters of various types, and are used in just as many types of machines, like lathes, milling machines and machining centers. For non-rotary cutting tools, the cutting edge is ground to suit a particular machining operation and may be re-sharpened or reshaped as needed. Almost all high-
performance cutting bits use indexable inserts, meaning that they can be rotated or flipped without disturbing the overall geometry of the tool, such as its effective diameter or tool length offset. These inserts are made symmetrically for a practical reason: they can be rotated when the first cutting edge is dull, presenting a fresh cutting edge. Some inserts are even made so that they can be flipped over as many as 16 times, with as many cutting edges per insert. Tool bits can be made of many kinds of materials, such as high-speed steel
(HSS), ceramics, sintered carbide, and high carbon tool steels with the appropriate hardening and tempering. However, most tool cutters are now made of carbide or HSS, replacing the earlier kinds of tool steel in almost all cutting applications.
Energy Cutters: NonMetallic Forms Several forms of cutting using non-metallic tools exist. These include waterjets and lasers. However, these forms of cutting wood are still relatively uncommon and do not form a part conventional woodworking. • Waterjets Waterjet cutting works by forcing a large volume of water through a small orifice in the nozzle, causing the water molecules to rapidly accelerate. This accelerated stream impacts the material to be cut, exerting extremely high pressures over a small area of the workpiece. The high pressure impact causes the workpiece to develop small cracks within its structure, and eventually breaks when the cracks grow large enough. The waterjet also washes away any excess material from the cut. Waterjets complement other cutting technologies from blades and bits. No noxious gases or liquids are used in waterjet cutting, and waterjets do not
create vapors or hazards such as dust or chips. A waterjet cut surface also has no heat effected zones or show any mechanical stresses • Lasers Laser cutting uses a high-powered light beam to burn, melt or vaporise a surface. The high energy of the laser is due to the low-divergence light, or light rays that travels in roughly the same direction. The cutting takes place as a result of a chemical degradation process, where wood fibre is burned away and removed under the pressure of an assist gas. Due to this, the edges of wood articles cut by the laser process would appear charred. The traditional saw cutting method cannot match the level of accuracy and intricacy achieved by laser cutting. Moreover, the durability of the end product is greater and wastage of materials is minimised. However, laser cutting machines are still very expensive and not an affordable option for many. From the lumberjack’s saw to the tiniest milling tool to the most powerful lasers, the array of cutting tools is a testament to the numerous ways of processing wood. It is also testament to human innovation and technological capability in using wood, one of the oldest materials known to man. FDM ENQUIRY NO. 5111
Delcan Industries: Thin Kerf Band Saw Delcan Industries of British Columbia, Canada, specialises in the Stellite and carbide band saws and circular saws. The 1.5” - 2” Oregon Cobalt Alloy Tipped is a thin kerf band saw with its blade prepared with a wood band sawing backer material. The tips on this blade have great wear resistance allowing them to keep a sharp edge longer, and because of their composition they are resistant to the acids found in Cedar. The thin kerf reduces fibre loss in wasted sawdust and the blades can be sharpened approximately 10 times to provide a smooth finish on the lumber. According to Delcan, the saw offers a smoother, faster and quieter cut, with far less sawdust left on the boards than a spring set saw. The 1.5” saw is available in 1.5 mm (0.060”) and 1.9 mm (0.074”) kerf sizes while the 2” saw is available in 1.9 mm (0.074”).
ENQUIRY NO. 5112
www.fdmasia.com | FDM ASIA July 2009
Things To Consider Before Buying An Edgebander... It’s an investment that simply has to work. And, given today’s belttightening climate, it’s best to do your homework beforehand.
hile edgebanding is a key process for the competitive landscape of furniture manufacturing, there are a number of specific areas to consider before making the investment in an edgebander that works according to one’s expectations. With the diverse range of edgeband processing technologies that are being installed by woodworking enterprises everywhere, the industry is quickly moving towards the use of edgebanders that are able to offer better speed and highly sophisticated automated capabilities.
come with the latest laser technology for achieving “jointless edgebanding”. So a good knowledge of what the market has to offer is key. However, given today’s belt-tightening climate, it’s an investment that simply has to work. Questions like length of usage should be asked, the main purpose of
Wide Variety The automated edgebanding machines currently in the market are often packaged together with improvements in line productivity, flexibility in changeovers and system reliability. On top of that, a broadening range of edging materials and adhesive options are utilised by the furniture industry today – more advanced edge treatments that are being developed to prompt machine manufacturers to build edgebanding systems that are able to match up to new processing demands. This evolving trend is certainly evident in the development of laser edgebanding, for example, where edgeband makers are keeping in step with the advantages that
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Mr Stefano Turriani, sales & marketing director, Biesse Asia
having the machine and what kind of applications will the machine be used for. In addition, besides its cost, should the edgebander be an automatic or manual version?
Points Of Consideration Industry experts say that generally, the first time purchasers of the machine make the mistake of buying one for the here and now. However, they should take into consideration the
future needs of the company. Stefano Turriani, sales & marketing director at Biesse Asia says: “You should take into consideration the capacity to absorb the level of productivity – in line with future development plans of the company. An investor should have a ‘feel’ as to what will happen in a market window of three to five years.” He adds: “Also consider the machine’s ease of maintenance, the user-friendliness of the machine (especially when there is more than one person working on it). In addition, the availability of spare parts and reliability of service through appointed dealers or direct presence of the manufacturer on the market.” When selecting an edgebanding machine, it’s best to scrutinise the quality of the working unit instead of how the paint shines or how sturdy it looks. An area of importance that Mr Turriani recommends would-be buyers to look into: the setting time requested. “It doesn’t matter what’s the working speed is if the operator has to continually change the kind of edges. He will have wasted almost half a day just to do this. So, flexibility is of the essence,” he says. “Talking about the productivity, I repeat that while speed may be important but, please, be careful. My
Technology edgeband materials that provide a durable, adhesive-free connection between edgeband and surface with an invisible joint. Showcased at this year’s interzum 2009 fair, the Raukantex edgeband material is applied to the surface utilising a ultra sound welding technique. Benefits come in terms of function and economics. For eg: through the laser edgebanding process, the moisture and heat resistance of the surface can be increased, while achieving a high-quality finish appearance. The machining side of New edgeband materials have been developed for the edgebanding sector is laser edgebanding responding in kind. At Ligna 2009, Homag unveiled its venture Plant output can be improved, along into laser edging possibilities with the with energy saving. Also the soiling of LaserTec system. the woodpiece and the downstream With the edge and panel being processing units can be reduced, connected by means of laser and not cutting down on maintenance and by heat, the edgebander cuts out the waste, as compared to processing time required for glue heating and the with polyurethane (PUR) hot melt technology does not require the use of ENQUIRY NO. 5204 adhesives. FDM an adhesive inside the machine.
concern centres on what is called ‘Panel Frequency’. To be clear: if two machines run 20 Mt/min and the space between panels is different, the final result, in term of numbers, cannot be compared.”
Edgebanding With Laser To further lead the way in edge treatment, the woodworking industry is starting to look at the functionality and precision offered by laser technology. Ongoing developments in laser technology for edgebanding products are giving the segment new life, with the potential to help set new standards in terms of quality and design for furniture components. The key here is to achieve a jointless process – by which, the edgebanding process leaves no visble joint – and this process is increasingly facilitated by compatible material and machine breakthroughs. Rehau has developed laser
Product Highlights Biesse: Versatile Akron 855K
DÖllken: ABS Edgebanding For LEED Points
As part of the Akron 800 Series of single-sided edgebanding machines
In anticipation of the ‘Green’
by Biesse, the Akron 855K comes with a base length of 7,000 mm.
trend, Döllken-Woodtape’s ABS
Offering a wide range of applications, it can be used to apply banding
edgebanding are made to be
materials of all types on panel thickness ranging from 8 mm up to 60 mm.
recycled or incinerated with
Pre-milling with auto-set, a quick-change dual-rotation Tekno glue system
with pre-copy, and four-position end trimmers with Flex programme all combine to speed up changeovers and optimise production. Each working unit can be fitted with automatic pneumatic or NC servo-powered device, while the HSD Rotax electro-spindle motors provide power. Its NC controls and integrated electronics allow rapid changeover from one machining operation to another.
The product, with similar features as PVC edgebanding, comes in thicknesses of .018” (0.45 mm) to 3 mm and widths ranging from 5/8” (16mm) to 1-3/4” (45mm). Döllken-Woodtape’s ABS edgebanding was recently specified as a green product in a banking project in New York City in the US. The contractor typically uses PVC edgebanding, but they were having trouble getting it approved, so as an alternative, the contractor sourced DöllkenWoodtape ABS edgebanding instead. It was accepted as LEED compliant as it did not contain added urea formaldehyde. LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) standards are not product but building related and each product that is used in a building project has to apply for LEED points separately.
ENQUIRY NO. 5205
ENQUIRY NO. 5206
www.fdmasia.com | FDM ASIA July 2009
rofile wrapping is commonly known as the process by which a decorative film or veneer is applied on to a profiled substrate, by means of bonding with an adhesive. While traditionally used adhesives have their proven advantages, new adhesive systems have emerged to offer an even higher level of performance for specific applications – and often, the improved bonding is achieved through overcoming some of the drawbacks
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posed by polymers such as EVA, such as a limited heat resistance.
Synthesising Method Indeed, the use of new raw materials can give rise to the development of adhesives for more specialised applications.
With profile wrapping becoming widely accepted as a finish option in the manufacture of profile-shaped furniture components, new approaches in adhesives are yielding positive results in the market. By Keith Boi
CPL materials have to be tested separately before use in serial production. When veneers are used, resilience forces must be observed, depending on the veneer thickness and on the design of the profile. And the development of even newer
The development of even newer adhesive formulations is currently under way, to allow for the wrapping of thicker CPL and veneer. Take Jowat’s latest generation of JowatToptherm 236.50 adhesives, developed based on a new synthesising method to create a new class of polymers that brings benefits to the profile wrapping process. According to Ulrich E Schäfer, VP of Jowat’s woodworking industrial division, this new product is a polyolefin-based hot melt that has been specially developed by the company. The resulting adhesive is said to be tailored for use in wrapping processes that use wide-ranging materials the likes of resinated paper foils, thin CPL, thermoplastic foils (with reverse primer) and thin veneers.
adhesive formulations is currently under way, to allow for the wrapping of thicker CPL and veneer. Mr Schäfer explains that woodworkers would particularly relish the long open time and processing performance, via slot nozzle, blade or roller, provided by the new adhesive. The higher measure of thermal stability is another key advantage – with deposits of thermal degradation within the machine parts conveying the adhesive brought to a minimum, cost and maintenance can in turn be reduced. For the Jowat-Toptherm 236.50, the softening point of approximately 110°C
Through the development of new adhesives, some of the common processing drawbacks can be overcome.
is considerably above the one for EVA hot melt adhesives and slightly below the softening point for conventional APAObased hot melts. This new adhesive also has a higher heat resistance in comparison to standard EVA hot melt adhesives for profile wrapping.
Nordson: Application Heads The Nordson PW series profile wrapping application heads are suited for coating paper, vinyls, veneer and other foils with hot melt adhesives that are applied onto profiles of varying shapes and materials. The application system processes demanding PUR hot melt adhesives, as well as other hot melt types. The PW applicators come in wrapping gun widths that range from 200 mm to 800 mm.
The closed system of the PW series prevents moisture and contaminants from entering the
Mr Schäfer is also seeing more furniture makers going into high-gloss applications with new sets of technology, and this trend shall impact the aesthetic outlook for profile wraps as well. “High-gloss surfaces are conquering the market: already they are everywhere, in kitchens, living rooms and bedrooms,” he adds. For this purpose, high-gloss thick foils are seen as the cost effective option for achieving “brilliant surfaces” on profiles, applied with a moisture-curing polyurethane (PUR) hot melt adhesive. And when suitable methods for colouring or patterning the foil are used, it is possible to achieve the optical effects of matte, aged or whitewashed products effectively, and in one single processing step, with the use of PUR hot melts. FDM
system, providing high bonding quality while reducing maintenance. Closed profile wrapping systems present an alternative for replacing open rollers and glue pots, which are time consuming and costly to maintain. Particularly when using reactive PUR adhesives, closed systems protect the adhesive from premature curing. Suited for processing veneer, continuous pressure laminate (CPL) and high pressure laminate (HPL), the PWII 350 adjustable profile wrapping slot nozzle showcases flexibility: a configurable number of modules, exchangeable nozzle assemblies and user-friendly web guides adapt the PW 350 II head to specific application requirements.
ENQUIRY NO. 5202
ENQUIRY NO. 5201
www.fdmasia.com | FDM ASIA July 2009
he steel belt is one of the most versatile tools available to industry and as far as the wood based panels industry is concerned, the steel belt is the fundamental machinery element in all continuous presses, be they rotation or double belt presses. Once the steel belt was introduced to the market in the 1950s, it didn’t take long for wood based panels (WBP) producers or press manufacturers to recognise this combination of qualities.
Q: How long can belts last? A: Steel belts are designed to have the same operating life as the press itself but, in practice, their working life will be limited by general wear and tear. The belts with the longest known operational life were installed by Sandvik in a Siempelkamp line in Meppen Germany, now owned by Sonae group. These ran for 13 years – producing thick MDF – before finally needing replacing in 2001.
• An excessively high percentage of rejects or lower grade board • Accidents during operation • Increased belt speed, eg: up to 120 m/min for thin board (glues and resins allow faster processing, hence more revolutions and bending cycles) • Inexperienced staff
Q: Why do I need spare belts? A: Accidents can and do happen and downtime costs can be very high. As a result, the loss of only a few days production can equate to cost of a new belt. If an accident happens, the support people will do their utmost to help, but manufacturing a new belt will still take several weeks. Your insurance
company may well insist that you keep at least one spare belt to keep your premium down.
Q: Are belts more at risk when a new plant is started up? A: Experience shows that it is particularly important to hold a spare belt or belts when starting up a new plant as the risk of damage through accidents is higher than normal due to inexperienced maintenance and operational people. However, even if personnel are welltrained, the start-up of new systems/ processes still carries an increased risk – such as from foreign particles, double-matting – especially when running thin board.
Q: What can reduce the working life of a belt? A: Many factors can adversely affect the life of a belt but primary causes include: • Too many instances of damage sufficiently severe to mark the board
Wood Based Panels:
Extending the working life of a steel belt takes on added importance in today’s quest for speed and increased productivity. By J O Jonsson, senior technical manager, WBP Industry, AB Sandvik Process Systems
32 FDM Asia July 2009 | www.fdmasia.com
Technology Q: Can variations in mat thickness cause problems?
Q: What other issues can result in damage to steel belts?
Q: What causes belt tracking problem?
A: The risk is greatest when you start up production and/or change thickness, or when you have a combination of thin mat, high density and high speed: the resistance of the mat may be too low in relation to the pressure of air inside the mat, causing it to burst and resulting in a local variation of the mat thickness. This could in turn lead to high stresses in the belt of such magnitude to cause permanent deformation. Local deformation will eventually result in cracks of the steel belt. During normal running, the risk is lower – unless you have a very light and dust-prone wood fibre. Speed of steel belt and feeding belt must match exactly.
A: There are many, but here are a few: • Metal objects in press (but most modern lines now have metal detectors) • Uneven mat forming • Glue lumps • Tracking problems • Chain breakage • Mistreatment of belt edge(s) • Poor cleaning – too much dust and chips • Fires caused by oil and dust • Unsuitable lubricating oil or excessively high temperature that carbonises oil • Troughing • Roller and chain condition can also affect belt life • Wrong pressure setting
A: Belt displacement can be caused by a number of different factors, but 80-90 percent of such problems result from matforming. Other possible causes include: • Deviations, distortions and tolerances in respect to the optimum straightness. • Varying pressure, temperatures and speeds. • Uneven tensioning of chain or rollers can have an extremely negative impact on belt tracking.
Show your tool costs the teeth: with Board Pro III
Q: Why shot peening? A: One of the most common problems in the press is belt deformation in the form of elongation of the back or roller side, caused by rollers or a chain making an impression on the surface.
Kanefusa Corporation Japan Phone: +81 587 95 7221 Fax: +81 587 95 7226 E-mail: email@example.com P.T. Kanefusa Indonesia Phone: +62 21 897 0360 Fax: +62 21 897 0360 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Kanefusa Malaysia Office Phone: +60 3 92 057721 Fax: +60 3 92 057720 E-mail: email@example.com
ENQUIRY NO. 071
Exclusive from Kanefusa: the T.C.T. panel saw blade Board Pro III. With specially developed tungsten carbide and extremely low-vibration steel plate. In the sizing and finish cutting of raw and coated board materials, this ensures up to three times the machine uptime in comparison with other saw blades. Machine availability rises and tool costs fall. Kanefusa. Not Japan's leading manufacturer of quality tools for nothing. Now available from highly service-oriented distribution partners in your area.
www.fdmasia.com | FDM ASIA July 2009
Technology The result is a curled or troughed belt and the most efficient method of repair is shot-peening. Using compressed air, hardened steel balls of different size (depending on the belt thickness and grade) are blasted onto the belt surface in order to achieve an elongation, or to even out the stresses between product side and back side of the belt. When the differences in stress and elongation are eliminated, the belt is once again returned to its original flat condition.
Q: Can the upper belt and lower belt be of different thickness? A: Yes, but their respective speeds will have to be adjusted individually. Check the adjustment by marking both belts at the inlet and outlet to see if the marking coincides.
Q: What is the best way to detect a crack? A: Most cracks can be detected by the naked eye – look out for visible oil marks on the board or visible light reflection on the belt surface (edge cracks). Other methods include: • Magna flux test • Penetrant test • MilliQ test
Q: How long can a crack be before you have to repair it? A: Transversal cracks are the most common and can be up to 25 mm at the belt edge or 50 mm inside the belt before they must be repaired. Longitudinal cracks can be longer than this as risk of belt rupture is much less, but remember that it is easier to repair a short crack than a long one!
Shot peening with the QuickBlaster
thickness can be increased to the next nominal standard dimension, ie: • from 1.8 to 2.0 (2.3) mm • from 2.0 to 2.3 mm • from 2.3 to 2.7 mm • from 2.7 to 3.0 mm
the longitudinal weld. It also gives the defect-free surface needed for production of unsanded board.
Q: Is it better to work with a thicker belt?
A: Yes, thin MDF is more demanding, requiring closer tolerances for thickness and surface finish of the belts.
A: Thicker belts are certainly more resistant to hard particles and dents and less susceptible to troughing. However, a thicker belt is also more sensitive to fatigue due to surface defects, and the bending stress is higher.
Q: Why is grinding necessary? A: Grinding improves the thickness and flatness of a steel belt, especially over
Q: Is there a difference between belts for MDF and particle board?
Q: Can different widths be produced in the press? A: Yes they can but in order to avoid deformation of belts the press should not run too long with narrower width belts (maximum two to three days at a time with up to 600mm (2ft) ENQUIRY NO. 5102 difference). FDM
Sandvik: Steel Belt Guide Sandvik Process Systems has published the 4th edition of its steel belt guide for professionals in the wood based panel industry. The latest edition provides information relating to the different production processes pioneered over the years by WBP equipment manufacturers, and
Q: Is it possible to change to thicker belts?
explains the relative strengths and benefits of each.
A: The basic answer is yes, but the plant manufacturer must be consulted first. Most presses are designed so that the
Siempelkamp, Dieffenbacher, Hymmen, Pagnoni, Held and, in the past,
34 FDM Asia July 2009 | www.fdmasia.com
With input from virtually every major name in the industry, including Küsters and Metso Panelboard (Bison) too, the 52-page book serves as a guide to current technologies.
ENQUIRY NO. 5103
Sealing & Installation For colour selection and affordability, laminate worktops come out tops. However, the trend towards thinner laminates and thicker chipboard cores are posing challenges during setup. By Vaughan Taylor, section head – materials technology, FIRA
aminate surfaced worktops have been the fitted kitchen industry’s proverbial workhouse surface for some 40 years or so. Their high durability characteristics, almost limitless surface design options, low maintenance and relatively low cost is testament to their longevity as the most commonly specified kitchen worktop surface option. Whilst the basic make up of this type of worktop has remained essentially the same, the subtle changes in surface design and texture as well varied options for edge profiles has kept the product lively and fresh within the marketplace. In the early days of worktop
manufacture decorative surface laminates were relatively thick, often 1 mm or greater, and in this form of construction it was important to balance the panel on the reverse face with a non-decorative laminate of similar type and thickness to ensure panel stability. The backing laminate also provided an effective barrier against water ingress.
A Question Of Size Nowadays the majority of laminate surfaced kitchen worktops are constructed from a wood-based particleboard substrate (chipboard), typically 28 mm or 38 mm thickness, and surfaced on the decorative
face with a 0.5 mm - 0.8 mm thick post forming grade laminate. The trend toward using thinner laminates, whilst undoubtedly lowering manufacturing costs, was primarily employed to allow the forming of tighter radius bends along the front edges of worktops. The potential for post forming laminate with bends down to 3 mm radius became possible, thus allowing the production of ‘squarer edge’ styles of worktop having a continuous surface appearance. However, the use of laminates of thickness much less than 0.5 mm may prove unsuitable for worktop applications due to lower impact resistance, mainly of concern along front edges. Additionally, the masking of the coarse particleboard cores of thick worktops can present a problem when using thin laminate, particularly in the case of high gloss or plain light colourways. Generally, the effects of combining thinner laminates and thicker chipboard cores has eliminated the need to fully balance panels and the use of a fully matched backing laminate is now largely omitted by the majority of producers. To some degree the reduced ‘pull’ of thin laminate and the increased bending resistance of the thicker chipboard core has removed the need for a balancing laminate on the back surface of worktops.
Bowing Problems Most kitchen worktops are now supplied with either a resin impregnated kraft paper or resin coat backing. However, it should be recognised that such worktops are effectively unbalanced and that some bow may develop following production. It is therefore particularly important that care is exercised during production to ensure that moisture content levels within the particleboard core and laminates are correct for the intended service environment. Extreme differences here can still result in bowing problems.
www.fdmasia.com | FDM ASIA July 2009
Panels wall. This will provide adequate initial Worktops with bow levels up to protection against, for example recently 0.5 mm over 600 mm span should re-plastered walls, but it is imperative that not present major difficulties during this is supplemented by additional sealing installation as this level of curvature between tile and worktop. The use of can normally be pulled out when fixing moisture resistant grades of chipboard can down to the base units. Bow levels provide improved resistance to degradation greater than this can present difficulties caused by water ingress but such boards when installing and jointing worktops particularly those requiring a ‘mason mitre’ flush surface joint. Cover strip type joints, requiring a flanged plastic or metal fitment, are less problematical. Generally worktop bow problems are rare in respect of replacement kitchens but excessively damp conditions present on building sites have been known to cause difficulties. It is therefore important that worktops are correctly stored on site in dry conditions Spiral-cutting router bits and retained within their provide a glassy smooth finish in woods that polythene wrappings until are normally prone to required for fitting. chipping or tear-out.
All Sealed Up The correct sealing of worktop edges is equally important. The exposed short edges of rectangular worktops are normally sealed by adhesive bonded edging strips matching the surface laminate. As the kitchen fitter normally carries out this work the quality of bonding is less easily controlled but should not present major difficulties. The long back edge of a kitchen worktop is normally factory sealed with either an edging strip or hot rolled wax or resin sealer, which completely fills the open pores in the edge of the chipboard. Where worktops are supplied without a back edging or seal, or where the sealed edge is cut away as part of the installation procedure, then sealing of the exposed chipboard edge must be reinstated. Sealing can be carried out on site using a silicone, acrylic or similar sealant before fitting to the back
36 FDM Asia July 2009 | www.fdmasia.com
will not eliminate swelling problems and hence should not be considered an excuse for poor installation practice. Similarly cuts outs required for sinks, pipe cut outs and so on should also be sealed to prevent water ingress. Most worktop manufacturers also make provision for a factory, applying front edge seal in the form of a hot wax or PUR resin coating applied to the immediate front edge of single post form worktops or at the laminate return edge in the case of
double wrap post form worktops. This provides an additional defence against water ingress into the core board.
Joints Required Perhaps the most difficult and vulnerable aspect of worktop installation is that concerning the jointing of runs of worktops. The cover strip system, popular with DIY’ers is reasonably straightforward and more forgiving of installation errors. Worktops are simply straight cut to length and sealed on the cut edge with silicone sealant or similar. The cover strip is screwed and bonded to one worktop edge and the adjoining worktop fitted into position. Additional sealant underneath the cover strip will ensure a good ‘belt and braces’ water-resistant joint. The downside is that the raised appearance of the cover strip is not to everyone’s liking. The ‘mason mitre’ is perhaps visually preferred but this type of joint requires specialist routing jigs and some skill during installation to ensure a waterproof joint. Of primary importance is achieving a perfectly flush surface at the interface between abutting worktops – not always that easy if the worktops have developed some bow. Various worktop jointing sealants are available and these are available colour matched to the worktop, thereby increasing the visual masking of the joint line. If carried out correctly and ensuring thorough coverage of the raw chipboard edges and sound bolting between worktop sections, such joints will perform satisfactorily over the lifetime of the kitchen. Wherever possible worktop joints are best positioned away from excessively wet areas to minimise the risk of water ingress. Understandably this is not always easily implemented but joints close to sink areas and continually under water or directly under a hot leaky kettle may struggle to perform over the long term.
Panels Production Of Laminate Worktops
Use Of A Diffuser The greater use of under worktop appliances, washing machines, dishwashers and tumble dryers has resulted in an increased risk of water damage to the underside of kitchen worktops. The normal kraft or resin seal, applied at the time of manufacture of the worktop, is not always fully effective against water vapour and associated condensation emitted from appliances and some form of additional sealing of the under surface of worktops at the time of installation is advisable. A secondary vapour proof strip or foil bonded to the underside of the worktop, often termed a diffuser, is advisable in areas likely to be subject to such water damage. An alternative to the above is the use of a special backing paper incorporating a plastic water vapour barrier and applied during worktop
manufacture. This will ensure protection over all underside areas of the worktop. The method of tiling the wall behind a worktop is also an important factor affecting the long-term performance of worktops in service use. All too often, tiles are set immediately above the worktop with just tile grout to fill any gaps. This is inadequate and good practice requires a 3-5 mm gap between the top of the worktop and the bottom edge of the tiles for filling with a silicone sealant. This thickness of sealant provides an impermeable ‘gasket’ and ensures a waterproof barrier with enough elasticity and strength to accommodate small movements and deflections at the junction between worktop and tile. Plastic laminate worktops are available in a wide range of profiles including both single and double post form wrapped front edges. Even square edging strip designs
have seen a renaissance – design ways a full circle back to the original early worktops before the advent of post forming laminates. In certain situations, where prolonged or heavy deluges of water over the front edge are likely to be encountered, the specification of a double post from profile can help to minimise water penetration problems. The radiused under edge profile is particularly effective in shedding water from the worktop. FDM About FIRA… Established 60 years ago, the Furniture Industry Research Association (FIRA) with its industry knowledge, raises performance throughout the furniture supply chain by offering research, information, testing, consultancy, customer service and after sales service to the furniture and DIY markets. Based in the United Kingdom, FIRA membership is open to all sectors of the UK and international furniture supply chain, including manufacturers, suppliers, retailers and specifiers.
ENQUIRY NO. 5301
www.fdmasia.com | FDM ASIA July 2009
Wolf-Gerd Dieffenbacher President and CEO of Dieffenbacher
Light At The End Of The Tunnel The industry is encouraged to prepare for the eventual upturn by taking advantage of the readily available new technological developments.
olf-Gerd Dieffenbacher, President and CEO of Dieffenbacher is urging the industry to take proactive steps amid the current economic downturn, to turn from despair over today’s recession and to prepare for the eventual upturn by taking advantage of the readily available new technological developments. Speaking at the 43rd annual International Wood Composites Symposium at the end of March, in Seattle, Washington in the US, his keynote speech emphasised a need “to recognise the pressures on the raw material supply side, pointing out that the composites industry’s traditional sources of raw material are the sawmill and plywood mills.”
Potential Markets He added that the ‘down side’ these plants now face, are its greatly reduced output, which translates into less available wood waste, or the purchase of more-expensive fibre to keep operating. “This means competing with government-sponsored biomass power plants for the same wood
38 FDM Asia July 2009 | www.fdmasia.com
source, thus raising the cost. It also can mean less available and overly expensive raw material for industry.” Mr Dieffenbacher received this year’s Distinguished Service Award in recognition of his significant contributions to the wood panel industry at the symposium. In his keynote speech, he added that while environmental protection costs are now higher, cheaper resin costs have become a plus factor for mills, thanks to lower oil prices. On the global front Dieffenbacher’s CEO remarked on the “huge potential for additional consumption of wood based panels in Russia, China, India and South-east Asia.” He noted that Europe and North America have ‘topped off’ in per capita panel demand without further growth between 2003-2006.
Reduction Of Resins Taking a global look at today’s economic crisis, he observed that the answer lies in the short-term reduction of production
Executive Insights Dieffenbacher’s CEO Inducted Into Hall Of Fame Wolf-Gerd Dieffenbacher, president and CEO of the Dieffenbacher Group
Dieffenbacher Acquires Majority Shares In SWPM
received the Distinguished Service Award from the Engineering faculty
The Dieffenbacher group has concluded
of Washington State University and,
an agreement with Kronospan group
at the same time was inducted into
with regard to the take over of the
the faculty’s Hall of Fame.
shares of Shanghai Wood Based Panel
The US university organises the
Wolf-Gerd Dieffenbacher receiving the Distinguished Service Award from Prof Dr Robert Tichy, Washington State University
annual International Wood Composites
By becoming a majority shareholder
Symposium in Seattle, Washington.
at SWPM, Dieffenbacher is strengthening
At this year’s 43rd symposium Mr
its position in the Chinese market.
Dieffenbacher was presented with
According to the company’s press
the distinguished service award in
release, SWPM, located close to the
‘Recognition of Significant Scientific
Volkswagen Shanghai facility, is the
and Industrial Contributions in the
most accepted local supplier in China
field of Wood Composite Materials’.
for wood based panel production plants.
ENQUIRY NO. 5802
SWPM produces multi-opening lines for MDF and particleboard and short cycle lamination lines as well as
Taking a global look at Today's economic crisis, he observed that the Answer lies in the Short-term reduction of production costs by using alternate raw materials and lowering resin consumption.
presses for HPL. It recently developed the 4 ft wide continuous press. SWPM and Dieffenbacher production programmes are complementary and as such, the company does not expect any negative effects for its employees in Germany. Besides its presence in Shanghai, Dieffenbacher has a sales and service company in Beijing and a manufacturing facility in Changzhou. The company expects a lower
costs by using alternate raw materials and lowering resin consumption. He spoke of the need for vital steps to be taken to reduce resin usage in today’s panelboard plants. Resin (and all its uses and applications) remains one of the largest single expense in the manufacture of today’s vast product line of wood composite materials. Furthermore, he added, if wood-using mills can take advantage of today’s technology, they will be better positioned to reap the financial rewards as the economic needle swings into recovery. For example, he encouraged the search for new panel products to fill “lucrative niches.” Long-term, he foresees “very favourable conditions for wood products with growth
on a global scale as population increases.” His observations were similarly endorsed by other speakers in Seattle, especially in the realm of improved technical controls in MDF, PB, plywood and LVL. Other speakers included Lynn Michaelis, Vice President, Chief Economist for Weyerhaeuser, who provided information on the economic and wood composite panel market outlook; and Shobhan Mittal, Director of Greenply Industries in New Delhi, who discussed the status of forests and the composite panel industry in India along with potential markets and applications. Social event supporters included Dieffenbacher, Flamex, GreCon, Metso, and Siempelkamp. FDM ENQUIRY NO. 5801
order intake for 2009. Based on the order intake of the last two years, it forecasts a 10 percent increase in turnover for the current business year with a group turnover of €330 million (US$469.5 million). The wood unit is expected to contribute 80 percent to the turnover with aid from its newly developed products including: mechanical dry blending systems for MDF; microwave mat preheating systems for particleboard and MDF; energy generation systems; cleaning and drying systems plus, a line for direct digital printing on board surfaces.
ENQUIRY NO. 5803
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Smooth Transitions Efficiency of wood in multi-storey dwellings. Contributed by Kevin Hayes, APA- The Engineered Wood Association
he Tokyo suburb presented a setting for an experimental construction. Summit House, a 500 sq m, three-storey building was built in just eight months and was designed to show to its Japanese audience both the beauty and efficiency of wood for use in multi-storey dwellings. The structure, designed by architect Yugi Noga of Tokyo, incorporated a selection of engineered wood products
40 FDM Asiaâ€‚ July 2009 | www.fdmasia.com
such as non-veneer APA performancerated sheathing panels, I-beams fabricated from laminated veneer lumber for flanges and orientated strand board (OSB) for webs. Laminated veneer lumber was also used for headers, beams and in the construction of a special sunroom. Prefinished performance-rated lap siding was used on the exterior. Traditionally, buildings in Japan
have been post and beam construction. But since the mid-90s, the Japanese housing market has been increasingly turning to Western construction experts for alternatives. Summit House demonstrates the benefits of the more robust US-style timber frame buildings (plywood sheathed, prefabricated 2x4 construction) for this earthquake-prone area. FDM ENQUIRY NO. 5501
Product Highlights DTS: High Gloss Thermoplastic Foil
Egger: Gloss Surface Texture
Manufacturers of decorative surfaces hardened by electron beams, DTS Systemoberflachen GmbH, has launched its latest thermoplastic foil product line at Interzum. ELESGOtherm is a thermoplastic foil made from PVC, ABS or PET and cured using an electron beam technique. It offers a high gloss surface, and is scratch resistant to 2 – 3N. In addition, the chemical resistance of ELESGOtherm is matched against EN 438 standards, setting a grade 4 – 5 in various tests conducted. Available for 2D-application and flat lamination with widths matching those offered by its Elesgoo range.
The new gloss finish surface texture ST30 by Egger offers a gloss level of 103 and a good scratch resistance. With its visual appearance providing an impression of depth, ST30 is suited for use as carcass material and frontals as well as in shopfitting, exhibition stand construction and partition walls. Uni colours with the new surface texture can be integrated into a coordinated interior design concept with matching edgings and laminates. Eurodekor boards with the gloss finish surface texture have a stock programme available consisting of 10 decors in matching combination. All woodgrains as well as uni colour papers with a high grammage can be produced with ST30 applied on both sides of the boards.
Enquiry No: 5511
Enquiry No: 5512
Huwil: Furniture Fitting Solutions
Lama: Soft Closing
Huwilift from the TitusPlus Group has introduced its latest addition to the Huwilift Electric Opening range. With its multi-control unit that enables up to five cabinets to be operated by a single control unit, the new range is able to reduce the number of components to be installed and increases cost efficiency. Another, the Huwilift Free, is a lift-up door opening system that enables an effortless door lifting action, even when the user’s hands are occupied. Features include a touch-control function which ensures that the door remains open in any position the user leaves it and a damping mechanism that allows a door to close softly, regardless of its size and weight.
Soft door closing enhance a furniture user’s experience and perceived value. Lama’s Glissando offers an 'one for all' damping system that suits a variety of hinge applications. Using only one piece of Glissando per two to three hinges is required. A quarter-turn adjustment provides closing speed for different door dimensions and weight. Three new additions to its range include a stand-alone damper that offers tool-less installation on the side of the cabinet into the standard 32 system of holes. The Glissando 170i fits on a 170-hinge design and comes with adjustable damping force while the Glissando 125 is a snap-on version for gentle door closures with 125 degrees opening angle.
Enquiry No: 5513
Enquiry No: 5514
www.fdmasia.com | FDM ASIA July 2009
Hardwoods & Softwoods Hardwood:
FRENCH OAK Recognised for its longevity, the French oak offers straight grain and fine texture.
rance has a long forestry tradition that dates back several centuries with oak accounting for one third of the forests, representing a surface area of more than 4 million ha. All the countryâ€™s state-owned forests that were formerly royal estates, locally owned public forests as well as private products forests are recognised through PEFC certification. With 3 million m3 of logs exploited annually (see Table 1), the French oak harvest is equivalent to the entire harvest of other European countries.
Oak In France Surface area of French forestry Surface area of oak forestry Volume of oak/ha Oak growth 5.7 m3/ha/year Production of oak sawn timber
16,925,000 ha 4,175,000 ha 159 m3 5.7 m3/ha/year 900,000 m3/year Source: Afocel 2008
Oak Quercus Pedunculata; Quercus Sessiliflora Roble Europeo
Figures given at 12% moisture content
Conditions of implementation
(straight-grain timber and free from defects)
Average density 710kg/m3
Total average volumetric shrinkage 15.3% Brinell hardness perpendicular to 32 N/mm2 the fibres
Jointing Finishing Carry out with caution
Modulus of rupture under bending 97 MPa Rather easy
Breaking stress under axial 58 MPa compression Modulus of longitudinal elasticity 12 500 MPa under bending
French oaks are generally about 40 meters tall
Oak heartwood has naturally high durability. It
much appreciated in wine barrel production
with a diameter of up to 1 meter. Valued for its
is used without any treatment (Class 3: timber
and traditional frameworks. Its durable
straight trunk, the slow growing trees make up
exposed to weathering). Sapwood is easy to treat
properties enable oak to be used for exterior
an annual sawn timber production of some
and after impregnation, Oak can be used in Class
uses (decking, piling, etc) as well as for
4 (contact with water).
manufacturing railway sleepers.
The clear oak sapwood is distinctive from its
Thanks to its easy machining, oak is often meant
yellowish brown heartwood. It is mainly a straight
for cabinetmakers, interior (flooring, stairs, edged
grain wood with a heterogeneous structure.
glued panels) and exterior joinery. It is also very
42 FDM Asiaâ€‚ July 2009 | www.fdmasia.com
ENQUIRY NO. 5607
Hardwoods & Softwoods The Oak Boule: French Nobility The boule (or ‘plot’ in French) is made of sawn boards that are a reconstituted into the original shape of the log, non-staining spacer stickers separating each plank. Generally, boules like those produced in the Mutelet sawmill (located in Eastern France, not far from Switzerland), are of exceptional quality. Available in relatively small quantities ie: not more than 5 percent of the total volume of oak harvested from French forests, says Henri Mutelet, who runs the sawmill. In addition, the products have minimum diameters of 55 cm, lengths of 3.5 m or more, remarkable straightness and very few knots inside the wood. The selection is guaranteed by the European standard EN 975-1 grading that the majority of French oak sawmills use. Boules come in large widths and lengths, allowing the user to achieve high materials yields. In addition, as all sawn timber produced come from the same log, the wood is perfectly homogenous in terms of grain and colour. The boule is intended for premium-quality applications such as furnishing, renovation, fittings, furniture manufacture, stairs, doors, windows, wooden floors, all of excellent craftsmanship. “The boule represents one of French oak’s truly noble products,”
ENQUIRY NO. 5608
says Mr Mutelet.
ENQUIRY NO. 059
This resource is used mainly to supply national sawmills, with a tiny portion of the sawn logs and other peeler logs being exported abroad without being processed on-site. Out of the 2,000 sawmills operating within France, approximately 40 percent work with hardwood and concentrate on oak as their principal resource. French sawyers produce almost 1 million m3 of sawn oak timber a year, a production figure that has been stable for the last decade. European appearance grading standard EN 975-1 for sawn timber guarantees the user that purchases correspond to specific dimensional and qualitative characteristics. Besides sliced veneer and cooperage, boules form another key product of French oaks. A large and handsome tree, remarkable for its longevity, the oak is used for a variety of products. Cant pieces used for railway sleepers or switch ties are available without chemical treatment as oak is naturally resistant to the vagaries of damp environments (Class 4). Longer cant pieces such as baulk are used in construction. Selected boards, standard dimensioned lumber and strips have multiple uses in furniture, decoration, construction, renovation, carpentry, wooden flooring, etc. Square-edged oak timber is also a made-in-France specialty and complements the range of boules used by craftsmen. The square-edged oak is usually intended for manufacturers looking for more standardised products. Square-edged timber is available in all dimensions and in qualities adapted to the requirements of purchasers. “Square-edged timber, also available in fixed dimensions depending on the order, is ideal for kitchens and wooden flooring, particularly in large widths,” says René Maechler, the director of a French company running a sawmill near Strasboug, in the Eastern part of France. From exceptional to standard quality products, French oak offers a wide variety capable of satisfying the needs ENQUIRY NO. 5606 of a large group of users. FDM Credits: Extracts with permission from French Timber 2009.
www.fdmasia.com | FDM ASIA July 2009
Hardwoods & Softwoods a tree (sapwood) will normally contain few or no extractives while the extractive penetrate permeable latex or oil-based (heartwood) can be very high. Since the face veneers may come from different areas of a tree, it is not unusual for plywood to have considerable variation in extractive content.
Finish Discoloration Extractives are soluble in various solvents such as water, alcohol and benzene. When a wood substrate containing sufficient moisture, the extractives may water-soluble extractives is exposed to dissolve and migrate to the surface of the wood. This phenomenon can lead to discoloration (ie: extractive staining) of finishes â€“ especially light-coloured finishes. The moisture required to dissolve extractives may develop from the application of water-thinned finishes in conjunction with other sources of moisture already present in the environment or the wood.
Staining of Finishes From Water-Soluble Wood Extractives
There are several ways to prevent extractives from reaching the topcoat and discolouring the finishing. By APA-The Engineered Wood Association
any wood species, such as redwood, western red cedar and Douglas-fir, contain natural chemical compounds known as extractives. These extractives have no significant effect on strength properties of the wood or on gluelines of plywood. Some extractives are coloured in
44 FDM Asiaâ€‚ July 2009 | www.fdmasia.com
various shades of yellow, red and brown. Others are colourless. Among other properties, extractives help instil the natural colour and beauty of wood. The concentration of extractives may vary greatly between species, between trees and within a tree. For instance, the wood just inside the inner bark of
In this case, the discoloration may develop during or soon after application of the finish. Extractive staining may also develop months after the finish is applied. For example, if water-soluble extractives are present in sufficient quantity but not enough moisture was present at the time of finishing to dissolve them, the
Hardwoods & Softwoods extractives may still be dissolved by subsequent moisture from heavy dew, rain, or condensation. The moisture can wet and content of the inner part of a tree finishes. It then dissolves the extractives and allows them to leach out through the finish. The intensity of extractive staining is frequently associated with the colour of the wood. Darker coloured woods often stain more heavily than lighter coloured woods. However, its occurrence is difficult to predict. It may occur on one panel but not on another. Or it may even occur only on certain portions of a panel face.
Removal of Extractives A good test to determine if extractives can be removed from a finished surface is to scrub the finish with a 8:08 mild AM 20649_Service.qxd 2/13/07
we combine the
The intensity of extractive staining is frequently associated with the colour of the wood.
customer service Without the ability and desire to provide real service to customers even the
best lumber means very little. At Baillie creating satisfied
with the best
customers and developing long-term relationships is key to everyone’s
success. Service not only means delivering great
product, but it’s about answering questions
honestly, returning phone calls promptly and treating our customers professionally.
ENQUIRY NO. 729
SOLUTIONS THAT WORK it’s not just a product...it’s a solution.
4002 Legion Drive / Hamburg, NY 14075 / 716-649-2850 / 800-950-2850 / Fax 716-649-2811 / www.baillie.com
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Hardwoods & Softwoods detergent solution using a soft bristle brush. Then rinse thoroughly with clean water. If this approach is effective, all discoloured surfaces may be cleaned in a similar manner. In some instances, the extractives will wash away during weathering and virtually disappear. This is normally the case if the staining is not heavy and it occurs during the beginning of the rainy season. When staining occurs at the end of the rainy season or during the summer, ultra-violet light and air may chemically alter the extractives so that they are no longer water-soluble. If this occurs, re-finishing may be necessary.
Finishing Recommendations Whether the wood surface is new or has been previously finished, liberal application of a paintable water repellent to all exposed edges and ends prior to priming and/or top coating will help to minimise the ingress of moisture into the wood. Extractive staining is most frequently associated with light-coloured one-coat finishes. Discoloration of finishes from extractives is not as apparent when earth tones or dark colours are used. The extractives may still migrate to the surface of the finish, but they are not as noticeable because they blend in with the finish colour. Finishing with these colours is generally the simplest solution to avoid discoloration from extractives. The best method for retarding extractive staining is to use a primer formulated to prevent the extractives from reaching the surface of the finish coat. One way of accomplishing this is
46 FDM Asiaâ€‚ July 2009 | www.fdmasia.com
to use a primer which forms a physical barrier (film) that blocks the migration of the extractives. High quality latex or oil-based primers may be so formulated. Another method is to use a stain-blocking latex primer that is formulated to chemically react with the extractives. This type of primer is often discoloured by the water-soluble extractives. However, if the primer is effective, the extractives should not discolour the topcoat.
topcoat occurs, another prime coat may be required. If no discoloration of the test area is observed, proceed with application of the topcoat over the previously primed surface.
Previously Finished Wood
As discussed earlier, extractive staining may occur soon after application of a finish, or months later. If discoloration from extractives occurs over a previously finished surface, the solutions are similar to the procedures outlined under New Wood. If using a darker colour or earth tone is satisfactory, select a small test area that is the most heavily discoloured and apply the finish. If the appearance is satisfactory, proceed with application of the new finish. If a lighter colour is preferred, apply a stain-blocking primer to the test area. Then proceed according to the procedures outlined under New Wood. For best overall protection, durability and Variety of wood species and stain general finish colours available from YourNuDoor using the Environ factory finish. performance on The thermoplastic acrylic topcoat plywood, one cladding forms a protective film that provides a barrier against UV light to two coats and pollutants. As its formulated of acrylic latex with waterborne technology, the coatings are low in emissions and primer formuoffer an environmentally responsible approach to finishing. lated to prevent extractives from reaching the topcoat are recommended (consult To test the effectiveness of a primer finish manufacturerâ€™s recommendations). in preventing extractive staining, select a The topcoat should be compatible small area of the primed surface that is with the primer, preferably an allmost heavily discoloured by extractives. acrylic latex formulation from the same Make sure that the primer is dry. manufacturer. FDM ENQUIRY NO. 5605 Apply the topcoat to this area and allow it to dry. If discoloration of the
MARKET REPORT Malaysian Panel Products Industry:
Climate Of Change
The panel processing industry is one of Malaysia’s fastest growing sub-sectors within its woodbased industry. However, given today’s economic conditions, only the more ingenious are able to forge ahead. By Dr Jegatheswaran Ratnasingam, Faculty of Forestry, Universiti Putra Malaysia.
he wood-based industry is the second most important commodity sector in Malaysia, and it contributes an average of 8 percent towards the country’s annual gross domestic product (GDP). One of the fastest growing sub-sectors within this industry is the wood-based panel processing industry, which has been growing steadily at an average of 3 percent over the years. And, the demand for wood-based panel products such as plywood, particleboard, medium density fibreboard, oriented-strand board and laminated veneer lumber (LVL) is expected to increase on a global scale. These wood-based panels are also known as wood composites, engineered
wood products and reconstituted wood products – as they refer to wood products that are manufactured to specifications that minimise the natural weaknesses of the solid wood resources. All these wood-based panels are reconstituted of wood elements of various dimensions that range from veneer, particle, fibre, strand, etc. Although the supply of large diameter peeler log resources has been on the decline over the years, particleboard and medium density fibreboard has been gaining market interest in Malaysia.
Plywood Takes A Tumble The Malaysian plywood industry started in the 1920s and the plywood was
manufactured using the Malaysian timbers such Kembang Semangkuk (Scaphium macropodum), Mersawa (Anisoptera spp), Nyatoh (Palaquium spp), Meranti (Shorea spp) and Rubberwood (Hevea brasiliensis) are widely used for manufacture of plywood. To date, there are 165 plywood processing mills operating in the country with a combined production capacity of 650,000 m3 per annum. However, plywood production in Malaysia has been on the decline with production figures of 515,000 m3 recorded in 2008. From this total, 245,000 m3 of plywood were exported primarily to the nations in East Asia and Middle East. In terms of export value, plywood registered earnings of US$1.7 billion in 2008, but this number is expected to drop due largely to escalating competition from cheaper producers in Indonesia and China. The price of plywood of thickness 4mm, 6mm and 9mm were US$4.5, US$6.7 and US$10 per sheet respectively in late 2008, while shuttering board of 12 mm thickness was traded at US$13.5 per sheet. Although the plywood manufacturing industry in Malaysia is beginning to lose its lustre primarily because of the short-supply in peeler logs, the industry remains somewhat viable in the East Malaysian states of Sabah and Sarawak. The productivity of plywood mills in West Malaysia remains lower
www.fdmasia.com | FDM ASIA July 2009
Angela Sevin, San Francisco, US
Sarawak Timber Association organises seminars, dialogues, meetings and training courses for the benefit of its members.
than those of their counterparts in East Malaysia. This is attributed to: insufficient investments into the latest technologies, escalating production cost and depleting wood supply. Despite these challenges, the demand for tropical plywood remains strong in the global market and plywood millers are using their ingenuity to overcome these challenges to forge ahead in the global marketplace.
Particleboard: Steady As She Goes Particleboard is manufactured from wood particles, such as wood chips, sawmill shavings and agriculture residues or even saw dust, and a synthetic resin or other suitable binder, which is pressed and extruded. In Malaysia, Rubberwood (Hevea brasiliensis) and mixed hardwoods form the raw materials used to produce the particleboard. To date, there are 16 particleboard-manufacturing plants in operation, with a combined capacity of 500,000 m3. In 2008, the total particleboard output in the country was 385,000 m3, with an export earning of US$100 million. Although exports account for about 73 percent of the production capacity, domestic demand for particleboard has been holding steady due to the country’s
48 FDM Asia July 2009 | www.fdmasia.com
booming furniture manufacturing sector. The main export destination for Malaysian particleboard is East Asia, Middle East and South Asia. The price of particleboard in the Asian market has also acted on its behalf – holding steady at about US$180 per m3. However, particleboards are faced with increasingly stiff competition from medium density fibreboard.
of 1.2 million m3 in 2008. MDF exports amounted to US$435 million in export earnings in 2008. This figure represents about 5 percent of total wood-based export earnings. MDF boards of 4mm, 6mm, 9mm and 12 mm in thickness were traded at US$3.5, US$4.7, US$5.5 and US$9.5 per sheet, respectively in 2008. Although East Asia, South Asia and Middle East are the
The demand for wood-based panel products such as plywood, particleboard, medium density fibreboard, oriented-strand board and laminated veneer lumber is expected to increase on a global scale.
MDF: Increasing Domestic Demand In Malaysia, Rubberwood (Hevea brasiliensis), Acacia mangium and mixed hardwoods form the raw materials used to produce the MDF. To date, there are 14 MDF processing mills in operation in Malaysia (nine in Peninsular Malaysia, three in Sarawak and two in Sabah). With a combined production capacity of 1.4 million m3 per annum, Malaysia has emerged as the third largest exporter of MDF in the world, with an export volume
main export markets for Malaysian MDF, the increasing demand from the domestic furniture market is expected to impact the export performance of the sector in the foreseeable future. At present almost 85 percent of production capacity is exported, but this growth trend is expected to decline in the future. From an industrial perspective, the MDF industry in Malaysia has also experienced greater consolidation compared to the particleboard and plywood industries over the years.
MARKET REPORT Such business strategy is driven primarily by the capital intensive MDF industry that necessitates large-scale operations in order to remain buoyant in the market. However, particleboard and plywood are niche-market products that have come under increasing market share competition from MDF suppliers.
Challenges Ahead In terms of industrial productivity, the Malaysian MDF and particleboard sectors are highly competitive as these industries employ the latest in technology (as opposed to the plywood manufacturing sector which has been experiencing steady decline in technological investments over the years). See Table 1.
remains to be seen in the years to come. Recently, two new fibre resources are being explored in the manufacture of wood-based panels in Malaysia. Oil palm biomass and kenaf (a member of the hibiscus family) are being hailed as crops that can help solve the problems associated with limited raw materials supply. However, preliminary research and development on industrial fronts have shown that successful commercial actualisation with the fibre resources remains a long way away.
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The Way Forward The Malaysian wood-based panels industry has progressed much over the years, and the industry is expected to show
Utilised Proportion of Main Challenges Capacity (%) Export (%)
Installed Capacity (m3)
Supply of Raw Materials
Supply of Raw Materials
Supply of Raw Materials
Although the cost of resins/adhesives and energy has been on the rise, the MDF and particleboard industries have been able to cope with these cost increases through technological approach. In fact, the Malaysian MDF and particleboard industry has been environmentally compliant to most of the regulations imposed by the destination markets, in terms of product certification, formaldehyde emission, etc. Nevertheless, the single biggest concern of wood-based panel products manufacturers in Malaysia is the future availability of sufficient raw materials supply. In order to allay these fears, the government has embarked on a large forest scale plantation programme, which is expected to overcome the wood materials supply deficit in the future. However, the success of this ambitious program
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positive growth in the future amidst the challenges faced. Through innovations, productivity enhancement and R&D value adds, the industry is poised to ride the wave of competition. Thinner boards, direct-printed boards, laminated boards, overlaid boards, cut-to-size boards are some of the product variations offered by wood-based panel manufacturers to remain competitive. As the supply of solid wood declines further, wood-based panels is expected to expand its applications into non-traditional areas held previously by solid wood resources. With the ability to engineer products to preferred specifications, the future of the wood-based panels industry in Malaysia remains promising. After all, wood-based panels can be re-engineered to remain on a directed growth path. FDM ENQUIRY NO. 5405
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www.fdmasia.com | FDM ASIAâ€‚ July 2009
ENQUIRY NO. 074
Source: IFRG (2008)
Table 1: Status of the Malaysian Wood-Based Panels Industry
Russia's Renewal Plans The country is looking towards increasing their own industrial base – and its wood-processing capacity. By Frederick D Muëller.
ussia offers a total area of 1.2 billion ha of forestland and forests (outside forest fund) representing some 69 percent of the country. Stocks of wood in forests account for 82 billion m3 representing more than a quarter of world reserves. However, the country contributes only approximately 2.3 percent in global
timber production and 2.8 percent in the timber trade. In addition, only 20 percent of its harvested wood goes through further production. In April 2009, US-based Discovery Research Group completed a study of the Russian market for wood-based panels and plywood. The report, showed that the value of Russia’s domestic
market for timber and forest products amounted to more than US$4 billion (excluding wood fuel, waste, wood chips and shavings). According to the Russian Forestry, the report showed that some 47 percent of its market is dominated by raw wood (industrial roundwood, including sawlogs, pulpwood and other materials) and its domestic wood product market is valued between US$2 – US$2.5 billion.
In Retrospect Sawn timber in 2008 accounted for more than 50 percent of the market segment with plywood taking a 40 percent share and hardboard panels and particleboard taking a 10 percent share. The Discovery Research Group forecasts a further increase in the market of wood based panels and plywood due to expected increases in construction, repairing and finishing works in its markets. Up to 2008, the Russian timber industry has been steadily growing. However, the global financial crisis and, the increased export customs duties, has since taken a toll on its industry. The volume of timber harvested declined by almost 22 percent – from 206 million m3 in 2007
50 FDM Asia July 2009 | www.fdmasia.com
JGC Forest of St Petersburg, Russia, offers spruce and pine sawlogs; birch, aspen and coniferous pulpwood; birch, aspen and coniferous firewood, woodchips and wood pellets.
to 162 million in 2008. And, according to Russian State Statistics Service, the export volume of round logs reached 36.7 million m3. Exports of timber and sawn timber in 2008 from Russia are estimated to be worth some US$8.8 billion, of which US$3.4 billion are for raw wood required for further production (valued at an estimated value of US$10.2 billion). As a result of the export customs duties imposed on roundwood (E10/ US$13.30 – in 2007 to E15 per cubic metre in 2008), the percentage of exports to foreign countries in 2008 decreased (2.3 percent in 2008 versus 3.4 percent in 2007). Despite the postponement of the Russian log export taxes (set for E50 per m3 by the end of this year), many countries – including Japan, China and Finland – have already turned to the markets in the US, Canada and New Zealand for alternatives.
Self Renewal Plans It has become increasingly evident that Russia would like to broaden its industrial base and become less dependent on raw-material exports. By gradually making raw timber exports more expensive, Russia is trying to force foreign companies to consider
moving their wood-processing capacity on its own soil. The country plans to enter a new phase of the industry’s development – with long-term forest planning based on the sustainability, and expanded contributions to the socio-economic development of the country. Timber production is being stepped up with its Minister of Forestry
demand in the market. So far, this year seems to be a promising one as some 17 major timber complexes (from the total of 20) are in operation, a significant improvement from the original eight that were recorded at the beginning of this year.
A Question Of Size With the recent opening of the Russian’s
The country plans to enter a new phase of the industry's development – with long-term forest planning based on the sustainability, and expanded contributions to the socio-economic development of the country.
Complex, Vladimir Yuryev recently reporting an increase in production numbers in the Olonetsles, Ladenso, Porosozero, Shuyales, Leseko Nord, Lahdenpohsky, Svedvud Karelia and Kostomuksha regions. Already, this year, the country’s federal budget allocated for forestry industry came up to 17.6 billion rubles (US$535.2 million), an increase from 17.1 billion rubles in 2008. However, the Ministry added, further growth is dependant on the recovery of
largest wood processing company, the country’s exports are predicted to be more active in the world’s market soon. The new woodworking complex situated in the Boksitogorsk district is the result of a joint project between the Austrian Mayr-Melnhof Holz GmbH and LSR Group. The investment is worth some E80 million and in its first phase, located on a 24-ha sawmill area. In its second phase, a factory will be constructed by 2010, for the production of glued laminated beams. In total the
www.fdmasia.com | FDM ASIA July 2009
MARKET REPORT Direct Building Supplies, California, USA
plant, complete with access roads and railway line, will occupy some 42 ha of land. The facility will offer an annual output capacity exceeding 650,000 m3 of roundwood and 350,000 m3 of finished lumber per year. Spruce will be its main raw material and about 80 percent of its supplies will come from Boksitogorsk and Tikhvin districts of Leningrad region. Besides supplying its own domestic markets, the company will be exporting its products to Japan, Western Europe, and the United States. The country has also looked at improving the logistics behind the
Russian (Baltic) Birch lumber
timber sent out from the Lesosibirsk Timber and Sawmilling plant (in Krasnoyarsk region). From the port of Novorossiysk, the packaged timber is transferred to ships for export to the countries in the Mediterranean within a two-day period.
The annual production of timber in Russia is more than 500 million m3 and this figure is predicted to grow.
transport of timber and timber products to its export market. In late April this year, Pervaya Gruzovaya Co started the ‘Siberian Express’ running timber from Lesosibirsk to Novorossiisk. The first train on the route was loaded with 4,000 m3 of packaged
52 FDM Asia July 2009 | www.fdmasia.com
The annual production of timber in Russia is more than 500 million m3 and this figure is predicted to grow. While the government’s policies do not serve to encourage the export of timber, it does however, create an impetus for the development of harvesting and integrated timberprocessing sectors within the country, and the upgrading of production techniques. Investors can gain easier access to the forest resources and a permit to sell the value-added wood-based products almost duty-free. Given the low production costs, the government is sure that Russian products will remain competitive in the global markets. FDM ENQUIRY NO. 5402
Russia’s Export Duties The Russian government decree no: 982, issued in December 2008, said that it would postpone the last raise of export duties by 12 months. The gradual increase of round log export duties started in January 2007, moving up to 25 percent in April 2008. The next increase (up to 80 percent) was to be made in January this year, but due to current economic situation, implementation of new export duties was postponed for a year. The decision to increase export duties for its timber remains in conflict with the efforts by World Trade Organization to promote and liberalise world trade. An unpredictable customs policy will make international companies less willing to make investments in Russia. Export duties cannot be considered an acceptable means of promoting investments because, at least in this case, they are a clear trade restriction and, ultimately, will have impacts similar to export bans. For example, no export duties on timber are collected in the EU, USA, Canada or Brazil. ENQUIRY NO. 5403
ust few weeks ago, the world’s biggest woodworking show Ligna closed its gates in Hannover, Germany. Despite of a loss of 4 percent in exhibitor numbers, the show is widely considered a success. For the woodworking industry worldwide, Ligna is the lighthouse in stormy seas. Even with 22 percent less visitors, most exhibitors were satisfied – as the business activity exceeded their expectation. The keynote theme ‘resource efficiency’ proved to be a direct hit. A large number of exhibitors incorporated this motto into their presentations, and worldwide visitors gave the megatrend for the next decade great attention. Nevertheless, this success will not be the turning point in the current economic downswing. Many projects in Asia as well as in other parts of the world are on stand-by due to a lack of financing partners. Consumers in the big markets for South-east Asian made furniture, the US and also the EU, are reluctant as
Ingo Bette: “Now is the time to prepare for the next growth phase.”
Showcasing the latest German woodworking machines, materials and components to respond to the changing business environment.
their credit line is much tighter as in the past. It may take some time – maybe even years – before their buying power has recovered to the level of early 2008, before the crisis started. What should the Asian timber industry do in the meantime? Surely it will not be enough to just wait inactively until times get better. Now is the time to prepare for the next growth phase, to question any aspect of one’s business approach, to catch up with necessary adaptions that have been postponed for too long already, in short: To do the entrepreneurial homework. Those who are able to react flexibly to the changing business environment, for instance manage to source raw material favoured by customers from reliable
origins, or are successful in binding a skilful workforce, will be ahead of the competition when consumer request picks up again. Offering the right product at the right price, and time, is crucial – this may mean solid wood garden furniture in one year and solid wood or even panel board indoor furniture the next. This kind of flexibility constantly brings new technological challenges. Luckily, when bearing these one can rely on experienced partners. German manufacturers have introduced numerous innovations at Ligna 2009. Some of them are featured in this issue of FDM Asia. Many more are waiting for you.
– Ingo Bette VDMA Marketing Director
www.fdmasia.com | FDM ASIA July 2009
g: Triple Mix Mix standard permits, for the first time ever, of the performance of panel-sizing saws.
HOMAG Holzbearbeitungssysteme AG Company HOMAG Asia Profile Pte. Ltd.
729504 SINGAPORE Following the invention of the world’s first edge banding machine Tel: +65 using the63698183 hot-cold technique in 1962 by company co-founder firstname.lastname@example.org Eugen Hornberger, HOMAG has now taken another step towards revolutionising the world of edge processing with an innovative
new technique by the name of laserTec, which takes the quality of edge and panel connection to a whole new level. The development earned HOMAG the Innovation Prize at the LIGNA 2009 Innovation Symposium.
EGGE | WEEKE | WEINMANN | SCHULER |
Latest Innovation – HOMAG revolutionizes Edge Processing - LaserTec Because the colour of the functional layer is identical to the edge decor material, a jointless transition from the edge to the panel is guaranteed after pressing. The result are edges conforming to a previously inconceivable standard of quality. In contrast to conventional techniques, the new diode laser ensures a consistent and homogenous standard of product quality on the very highest level and consequently – also due to the extreme ease of operation – enhanced process reliability. The quota of rejects and also personnel deployment needed for follow-on processing and finishing
The greatest problems encountered to date in the processing of edges are associated with the use of conventional hot melt glues. The consequences: unproductive heating-up time, and in many cases soiled workpieces and processing units. These systems call for additional storage of adhesive and also necessitate changeover of the glue tank with every change of colour. Added to this is undoubtedly the greatest drawback from the quality point of view: A visible join is created between the edge and the panel. HOMAG Holzbearbeitungssysteme AG has invented a new technique which has already been developed to series maturity and is setting whole new standards in the field of edge processing. The best news first and foremost: The edge and panel now form a perfect unit without any visible join – coupled with optimum gluing results and outstanding economy. These benefits are all achieved using the patent-registered laserTec technique.
This involves joining the edge and the panel with an aligned laser beam which oscillates to melt a wafer-thin functional layer of the edging material. This laser-active layer made of special polymer is previously applied to the edge, eliminating the need for any additional hot-melt glue and with it the associated heating time, meaning that the plant is immediately ready for production. Unproductive waiting times are consequently just as much a thing of the past as the need to exchange glue tanks when changing to a new colour. Because there is no longer any need to procure separate glue, not only the material input but also the logistical effort involved in its purchase and management are eliminated. Another bonus of this innovative method: It substantially reduces the incidence of soiled workpieces and downstream processing units and tools. Laborious cleaning work is no longer required, and system availability is enhanced.
For Further Information, Please Contact Homag Asia Pte Ltd No.68, Sungei Kadut Loop, #04-00 Nutzcentre, Singapore 729504 Tel: +65 63698183 | Fax: +65 63698313 Email: Bernd.Schwarze@homag-asia.com Contact Person: Bernd Schwarze
54 FDM Asia July 2009 | www.fdmasia.com
are substantially reduced. HOMAG laserTec can be used to process all customary edging types currently available in the market. The overall effect of using HOMAG laserTec is to enhance productivity due to a substantial improvement in plant efficiency. Staffing costs for repair work, finishing processes and waiting times are markedly reduced, as is the incidence of rejects. As a result, and due to the lower energy consumption, the system facilitates extremely economical operation. But its single most important benefit are perfectly finished edges with outstanding visual appeal in an unbeatable standard of quality. ENQUIRY NO. 5906
– your partner in bonding Company Profile The Jowat AG with headquarters in Detmold is one of the leading suppliers of industrial adhesives. These are mainly used in woodworking and furniture manufacture, in the paper and packaging industry, the textile industry, the graphic arts, and the automotive industry. The company was founded in 1919 and has manufacturing sites in Germany in Detmold and Zeitz, plus three other producing subsidiaries,
the Jowat Corporation in the USA, the Swiss Casanin AG, and the Jowat Manufacturing in Malaysia. The supplier of all adhesive groups is manufacturing over 70,000 tons of adhesives per year, with around 650 employees. A global sales structure with 15 Jowat sales organisations plus partner companies is guaranteeing local service with close customer contact.
Latest Innovation – Jowatherm® 280.50 Reliable processes, clean bond results The Jowat innovation for edge and profile: Hot melt adhesive Jowatherm® 280.50 Detmold.- When edgebanding and profile wrapping is made by roller application and using hot melt adhesives, the quality of the finished items depends on various parameters - for instance on good compound strength data, safe processing and easy finishing procedures. The Jowat AG in Detmold has developed an innovative adhesive which fulfils all of these requirements perfectly: Jowatherm® 280.50 convincing due to a long open time, a high hot tack, and developing a very good compound strength with reduced grammage. These are the best preconditions to make a production most efficient, while also reaching top level product quality. All processors are aware of this problem: When hot melt adhesives are applied by rollers, a certain combination of unfavourable processing parameters will lead to a marked stringing effect. The Jowat AG, in Detmold carried out in-depth research to find the causes for this phenomenon. The result: The stringing is not only enhanced by a wider roller pattern but also slow feed speeds. Additionally, a higher
temperature during application and processing, as well as a higher adhesive grammage, will reinforce the stringing tendency - but exactly these factors ensured up to now the most reliable processing with regard to the compound strength to be reached. For excellent compound strength levels and a reliable process combined with easy finishing without soiling by stringing, Jowat has found the key to success in a formulation which exhibits a corresponding open time respectively hot tack, accompanied by a reduced adhesive grammage. These findings led the adhesive specialists at Jowat to formulate another innovation:
Jowatherm® 280.50, the optimum for edgebanding and profile wrapping, and wellsuitable for roller and nozzle applicators. "The new and multi-purpose hot melt adhesive - Jowatherm® 280.50 - really provides the answers and solves the problems faced by the processors, at the same time offering a good cost-savings potential," declares Ulrich Schäfer, Industrial Division Director Woodworking, Construction and Furniture. "Soiling of the chain belts and pressure rollers, resulting in a sustained reduction of wear on the machines, will be an issue of the past." Reliable processes, clean adhesive results - due to Jowatherm® 280.50.
Other Product Range 1. Jowat-Toptherm® 236.50 Jowat-Toptherm® 236.50 is a new hot melt adhesive for profile wrapping. The polymers used for this new product group JowatToptherm® are based on a new synthesizing method for tailor-made polymers. Jowat-Toptherm® 236.50 contains an exclusive polymer designed for the sector profile wrapping – and this provides the best results in wrapping with resinated paper foils, thin CPL, thermoplastic foils and thin veneers.
2. Jowatherm-Reaktant® Whether "Polygloss" or "High gloss": flat, square designs with brilliant surfaces have become the main appeal factor in the furniture market. The dominant industrial manufacturing process is here the bonding of high-gloss materials onto particleboard or MDF panels, using PUR hot melt adhesives. The panel materials used so far are now complemented by veneers and decor papers on reels that can also receive a high-gloss foil finish. This is possible thanks to a PUR hot melt adhesive specifically developed by Jowat for this application: Jowatherm-Reaktant®.
For Further Information, Please Contact Headquarters: Ernst-Hilker-Straße 10 - 14, D-32758 Detmold, Germany Tel: +49 (0) 5231 749-0 | Fax: +49 (0) 5231 749-105 Email: email@example.com | Website: www.jowat.de ENQUIRY NO. 5901
Local Office in Asia Pacific Regions: Thailand: Jowat(Thailand)Co.,Ltd. Tel: +66 2 681 0370 | Fax: +66 2 681 0372 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Contact Person: Dieter Steinert
Beijing: Jowat (Beijing) Adhesives Co. Ltd. Tel: +86 10 8260 0725 | Fax: +86 10 8260 0875 Email: email@example.com Contact Person: Dr. Ralf Schelbach www.fdmasia.com | FDM ASIA July 2009
wartungsfrei – erleben Sie mit der neuen Flachziehklinge für
IMA Klessmann GmbH, Lübbecke Germany
– leading technologies
Info unter www.ima.de
Company oder Tel. 0 57Profile 41 - 33 10
IMA Klessmann GmbH is the global market leader in the provision of technologically leading products and services for the woodworking industry With about 750 employees and the presence in more than 60 countries the IMA group of companies has been accepted since more than 50 years as the leading company within the industrial sector.
The unique “competent IMA high-tech solutions to miscellaneous challenges” whether it is stand-alone machines and machine lines for edge processing or machining centers for realizing individual product solutions: IMA always attempts to meet the needs of the customer – supply depends solely on demand.
Latest Innovation – IMA Laser Edging: high-end edging
The IMA Laser Edging process will give you perfect joints in terms of visual appearance and functionality. The edging and DKS surface form a decorative bond, hence no joint is visible. There are no capillary holes through which humidity can enter into the glue layer and the panel material. With the laser edging process, IMA offers the most advanced edge banding technology currently on the market. When the standard jointing method, i.e. hot-melt gluing is used, the joint gap can be minimised through optimisation of the glue application quantity and the glue temperature. Only in rare cases can this technique produce an entirely invisible joint reliably and permanently.
Even the best joints, which are almost invisible when supplied, will gradually become clearly visible again due to the ambient conditions, specifically due to condensed steam and cleaning agent. In practice, the glue layer can also have very small gaps through which humidity can penetrate into the adhesive joint. The Laser Edging process uses a special polymer instead of the conventional glues. This material has the same colour as the edging material and is bonded to the decorative edging in the coextrusion process. It is a uniform layer just a few tenths of millimetres thick. The polymer layer has responsibility for reliably bonding the decorative edging to the panel. For this purpose, it has particularly good adhesion properties in the melted state and a high softening point of approx 135°C. Accurate heating of the polymer layer is effected by a high-energy laser beam. In the case of the laser edging process, the output of the laser source takes the place of the glue applicator. The laser source itself is disposed outside the gluing zone, i.e. beside or above the edge banding machine. A number of guarding measures make the class 1 laser as safe as a laser pointer. The polymer layer absorbs the energy of the laser beam and melts. A few centimetres after the focus of the beam, the edging and the panel are joined together. Due to the force applied by the pressure rollers, the molten mass penetrates and fills the surface structures. The high forces of adhesion on the smooth surfaces and the hardening of the molten polymer,
Other Product Range
Area of Application
1. CNC- processing centers with edge banding 2. throughfeed edge banding machines 3. batch size one solutions
Furniture manufacturing industry
For Further Information, Please Contact IMA AG Asia Pacific Pte. Ltd. Tel: +65 67496588 | Fax: +65 67496577 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org | Contact Person: Burkhard Sydow
which has become an integral part of the surface, guarantee the excellent tightness and strength of the adhesive joint. Also from the point of view of the machine, the laser edging technique has significant advantages. No pre-heating is required, and hence the machine is operational directly after power-on. The laser technique does not need specific release and cleaning agents, and the pressure rollers are not smeared in the event that tape faults occur. Gluing faults caused by burnt glue belong to the past. There are no glue pots which need to be cleaned; external pre-heating is not required either. Parameter settings can be changed and saved to adapt to variable conditions of use, which allows these parameters to be applied quickly, safely and with great repeatability. Tools are no longer smeared and remain functional for a much longer period. This process is based on patents of the company Bulthaup Küchen in Aich (Bavaria). The coextruded edging system was developed by REHAU in Rehau (Upper Franconia). With the Laser Edging process, IMA offers an excitingly new edge banding technology which sets completely new standards in terms of visual appearance and working strength of sophisticated furniture components. The heart of the Laser Edging process: a highly accurate laser beam and the pressure roller station.
ADVANTAGES OF LASER EDGING • Perfect visual appearance – Joint-free bond between edging and panel • Maximum quality – Perfect processing of the joints and of the parts using IMA working units • Laser of protection class 1 – Small risk potential for your people • Variable – A laser system and a conventional gluing unit can be used on the same machine • Precision tape guide – Minimum tape overhangs at both ends of the panel can be achieved by innovative technology ENQUIRY NO. 5902
56 FDM Asia July 2009 | www.fdmasia.com
Treffert Holding GmbH & Co. KG Company Profile From its beginning in 1937, TREFFERT has cultivated expertise in the development, manufacture and application of industrial wood coatings. Four decades ago, TREFFERT was already dedicated to environmentally sensitive wood coating solutions. In recent years, the Company concentrated its
research on developing water-based and acrylic UV coating technology to fit industrial applications, including: • Wood flooring (solid, engineered, veneer and cork) • Printed Décor Laminates (PDL flooring, PDL furniture panels and PDL backings).
Today, the TREFFERT Group is recognised as a global coatings innovator, operating regional production sites with fully equipped technical labs in Germany, Malaysia, China and the US. The Treffert network of technical sales offices, distribution centres, associates and licensees combine to give the Company a true global presence with local reach.
Latest Innovation – Wood Grain Enhanced Flooring New Opportunities For Sustainable Plantation Timber vary between 10 – 20m/min at a maximum width of 1300 mm. At an average capacity utilization rate of 75%, a production output of 10,000m²/day (8 hours) is realistic.
The concept of Wood Grain Enhanced Flooring (W.G.E.) is to provide customers with a finish that appears to be forest hardwood using sustainable plantation timbers such as Bamboo, Hevea, Plywood, Rubberwood amongst others. Using the Treff®Guard System, it is extremely difficult to differentiate between W.G.E. plantation grown timber and exotic species. Wood Grain Enhanced Flooring is a combination of a controlled staining process (defined spot application) with so-called High Performance Coatings (HPC). The HPC coating system is typically applied as multi-layer systems by roller coating technology and cured by ultra-violet (UV) energy. The coatings are either microand/or nano-particle modified acrylated resins, which yield extreme hardness resulting in high mechanical resistance to scratch, impact and abrasion. Depending on the degree of mechanical, chemical and thermal resistance required, HPC offers vast application possibilities in the wood-based industry, particularly for flooring. The advantages of HPC are superb technical surface properties at optimum production and material cost in combination with the possibility of product differentiation. The final appearance can be practically anything desired. The combination with Wood Grain Enhanced System will bring a clear ecological and competitive edge over competitors who use unsustainable forest grown timbers. Wood Grain Enhanced Flooring is produced in continuous coating lines consisting of roller coaters, filler and printing machines followed by thermal or radiation curing equipment. The line velocity may
Other Product Range 1. PDL Flooring 2. PDL Backings 3. PDL Furniture Panels
Technical Properties All technical requirements imposed by the European Standard (Elasticised) of EN 14354 Class 21, 31 and 33 and the American Standard (Alox Containing) of ASTM-D-4060 S33 Residential and S42 Commercial have been successfully produced and passed using the Treff®Guard Wood Grain Enhanced products. The choice of the standard dictates the coating process. The production process remains unchanged for all classes. The technical surface quality for the different stress classifications is merely controlled via the application weight of the Elastic Sealer or the HPC (Alox Containing) Sealer depending on the selected standard. Guidance and assistance with Application Line Recommendations is available from TREFFERT. Who Does The Wood Grain Enhanced Technology Apply To? Flooring producers currently using Bamboo, Hevea, Plywood or • Rubberwood but wishing to diversify their existing product range (stained and/or clear coated) and supply an unlimited variety of Forest Hardwoods or Wood Grain Enhanced products to their customer base. Manufactures planning to produce flooring using Plantation Timbers • and wanting to be at the cutting edge of technology with an infinite versatility in product range. Concerned Parties who wish to play a role in the sustainability of our • livelihood, the Timber Flooring Industry, and contribute to the reduction of global de-forestation, whilst providing a market-accepted product. By Ali Vahlhaus and Mark Poole
4. Flooring 5. Joinery 6. Furniture Panels
Certified/ Endorsed by
National Wood Flooring Association (NWFA)
For Further Information, Please Contact Headquarters: Am Kirchberg 1, 63754 Alzenau, Germany Tel: +49 6023 9610 | Fax: +49 6023 961 166 Email: email@example.com Website: www.treffert.com
Local Office in Asia Pacific Regions: Malaysia: Treffert Coatings (S.E.A.) Sdn Bhd Tel: +60 7 251 5115 | Fax: +60 7 251 4115 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Contact Person: Eunice Tan / Mark Poole
China: Shanghai TREFFERT Special Coatings Co., Ltd Tel: +86 21 5165 1818 | Fax: +86 21 5165 1388 Email: email@example.com ENQUIRY NO. 5904 Contact Person: Thomas Weil
Seeking Agents/Distributor in: India www.fdmasia.com | FDM ASIA July 2009
EconoRip from Raimann:
Optimised Ripping before processing it, is optimising! Optimising is the only way to achieve maximum possible yield and value from each individual board. Working hard on its mission to offer maximum yield and value to its customers, the Weinig Group over the years has developed highly sophisticated equipment like complete system solutions, interlinked with mechanical handling and combined with intelligent software. Offering state of the art wood working machinery and consulting services, Weinig provides great solutions for multinational companies and small, local enterprises alike.
Optimise with the new EconoRip from Raimann: The versatile multi-blade gang ripsaw for all applications The Woodworking Industry in SEA finds itself in a daily battle of ever growing competitiveness! One essential key for survival will be to have the necessary modern and efficient machinery and processes in place that provide higher yield achievements in the rough mill area. A successful, profitable way is through optimising the raw material input! Waste less and recover more! Measuring and analysing the wooden raw material in terms of width and length, as well as defects and short pieces
58 FDM Asiaâ€‚ July 2009 | www.fdmasia.com
Raimann EconoRip: The state-of-the-art, easy to operate, multi-blade ripsaw
Coming up with the new EconoRip from Raimann, which is the ideal multi-blade ripsaw for businesses with a high quality standard and the main focus on simple applications. Robustly built, easy to operate and very short set-up times are facts that especially characterise this machine. The EconoRip was designed with the focus to build a reliable ripsaw for easy, day-to-day operation. With a maximum cutting height of 110 mm and a cutting width of 310 mm, the EconoRip fits many applications. The backbone of the machine is the prismatic guided feed chain which is used for all Raimann ripsaws. The prismatic guides ensure absolutely straight wood conveyance which guarantees excellent cutting results. The closed design of the feed chain prevents splinters from getting between the chain links, which could jam the machine and cause frequent downtime.
INNOVATION Supplement Advertorial Part of the Weinig Group’s complete system solution offering, the new EconoRip from Raimann is a versatile multi-blade gang ripsaw for all applications
Fig 1: Motorised height adjustment of the saw arbor
Fig 2: Raimann Quickfix: One-minute setup
Lubrication of the chain is done automatically and the filling status of the oil container is monitored. The feed speed is frequency-controlled and infinite adjustable from 5 to 35 m/min. A main advantage of the newly designed pressure system of the EconoRip is that the pressure rollers tilt around the saw blades when adjusted in different heights. When the pressure unit is lowered, the front end rollers and the back end rollers move towards each other ensuring maximum guidance of the timber as close to the saw blades as possible. If narrow strips are to be cut, a pressure shoe can be added. The height adjustment of the saw arbour and the pressure unit are motorised for faster adjustment again cutting down on non-productive time. (Fig. 1) Setup times are greatly reduced by the patented, hydraulic saw blade clamping system named “Quickfix”. No bushing, spacers or tools are required for changing the arbour set up. The saw blades can be shifted directly on the saw arbour resulting in a setup time of less than one minute (Fig. 2). Compared with an average setup time of up to 20 minutes for conventional systems, the time savings achieved with Quickfix can easily add up to one hour per shift. A simple, but yet intelligent way to increase productivity and profits.
Fig 3: Raimann SafetyPlus: Maximum operator protection
The newly developed dust extraction hood is integrated in the upper cover, so that it tilts away automatically, when opened. When closed, the dust extraction hood completely encloses the saw package and therefore ensures maximum extraction efficiency – an extremely helpful benefit in case the suction speed is not up to an ideal pace. A comprehensive safety package ensures maximum protection for the machine operator. Raimann rip-saws have always been equipped with the best anti-kick-back system available. The patented safety system “SafetyPlus”, is a curtain made of Kevlar® which is added to the conventional anti-kick-back fingers. The Kevlar®-curtain drags on the feed chain of the rip-saw and closes the gap between the chain and the anti-kick-back fingers. The hazardous area is steadily sealed. The operator gets maximum protection. Raimann SafetyPlus: Maximum operator protection (Fig. 3) With several options such as the stronger motor for using multiple saw blades or a laser for indicating the cut on the board, RAIMANN also offers the opportunity to extend the scope of the multi-blade ripsaw in accordance ENQUIRY NO. 5905 with customer requirements.
www.fdmasia.com | FDM ASIA July 2009
LIGNA Hannover 2009
ttracting an international audience, Ligna Hannover 2009 closed on an upbeat note, capping five days of brisk business activity and giving the wood industry hope of renewed growth. Billed as the “world fair for the forestry and wood industries”, 1,758 exhibitors from 50 nations presented their products and services on total display space of 130,152 sq m. In total, the event attracted about 83,000 visitors to Hannover, Germany. Dr Bernhard Dirr, MD of the German Woodworking Machinery Manufacturers’ Association within VDMA, referred to the fair as a “shelter in the storm”, adding that Ligna’s popularity among exhibitors and visitors underscored its status on the international trade fair scene.
Number Crunching Visitors came from over 90 different
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countries and in terms of countries and/or regions of origin, the percentage remained stable, most notably for the Americas and Asia. An upswing in attendance was registered for Sweden, Switzerland, Poland and France. “While visitor numbers did reflect strained economies around the world as well as the fact that many firms have been forced to drastically cut travel budgets, well over a third of all trade visitors with decision-making authority still came from abroad,” said Deutsche Messe Managing Board member Stephan Ph Kühne on the drop in visitor numbers (a decline of 22 percent for the forestry and wood industries). Trade visitors again accounted for over 95 percent of total attendance. In terms of audience background, the construction industry and the interior finishing sectors accounted for an increased share of
visitors, while attendance by machinery trade professionals was down. As Mr Kühne explained, these figures represented “a clear reflection of current economic realities.”
A Question Of Efficiency This year’s exhibition also focused on the use of wood to generate energy, highlighting heating processes with various combustion materials and their energy behaviour. Efficient timber construction systems, machinery, equipment and tools for joiners, carpenters and cabinetmakers could be seen at Handwerk, Holz und mehr (Wood Crafts) section. The Wood Crafts segment took up over five halls offering wood construction machinery, equipment and tools designed to save material and lower production costs. Exhibitors
Exhibition Review LIGNA HANNOVER 2009 (18 to 22 May) Making more out of wood – technology for resource efficiency Homag Group: Order volume exceeds expectations LIGNA HANNOVER, the leading international trade show for the Homag Group AG reports a highly satisfactory outcome from the Ligna fair. woodworking and wood processing industries, embraces the Despite what still remains a very subdued market situation with investment activity entire production chain – from forestry and the timber trade proving sluggish since the start of 2009, Homag registered lively interest in its machines through to industrial mass production of wood products and and systems, as well as its newly extended services portfolio, said a press release from thesurface company. treatment technology. In short, LIGNA HANNOVER is the interface every ofatwoodworking! Although theto actual orderarea volume the fair was “slightly down” compared to its Keynote displays at LIGNA HANNOVER: takings in Ligna 2007, it was “well above expectations”. Spokesman for the Board, Dr Forestry (management and technology) Joachim Brenk said: “Even when times are tough, customers are receptive to genuine Sawmill equipment innovations and willing to invest”. and technology TheSolid group wood displayedworking its new co-developed technique for applying edges to panels Wood materials anddevelopment veneer production using laser technology. This new won the Innovation Prize at Ligna’s Handwerk, Holz und mehr: Joinery, cabinet-making and carInnovation Symposium. pentry trades, engineered woods, materials, accessories ENQUIRY NO. 5711 and services Furniture industry Numerous special presentations dedicated to practical themes, Preparing informativeForseminars and conferences, as well as Cefla: The Upturn and B2B meetings and congresses underline the Thematchmaking Cefla Finishing Group offered a range of products developed with to significance ofparticular LIGNAattention HANNOVER as the trade’s international cost, to give concrete support to the business summit. of itsFOR customers. MORE INFORMATION: www.ligna.de showcased scores of new ideas on solid wood processing in Halls 12 and 13, featuring live displays of advanced systems for drying sawn timber and utilising waste wood. In the halls devoted to the furniture industry, visitors were able to view the latest industrial furniture manufacturing equipment in operation. Resource efficiency was also a common theme in the associated displays. Innovations in this area included new painting and surface treatment technologies intended to reduce energy and material costs. In summing up the event, Mr Kühne said: “Ligna was eagerly anticipated, and ended up successfully mobilising the strengths of the wood and forestry industries.” The next show will be staged from May 30 to June 3, 2011, at Hannover, Germany. FDM ENQUIRY NO. 5710
Said Roberto Scala, its MD: “We focused on supplying our customers with all the necessary
overview andtohighlights all the working tools in order cope with the difficulties
international trends in materials, function and design, while LIGNA HANNOVER is a unique showof the market with efficiency and flexibility, taking case of all the in woodworking technology. into consideration both latest the actualdevelopments situation and These two major shows have been scheduled so that one takes the future upturn in the market.” place shortly after the other – almost on each other’s doorstep! A Its Mito spraying machine now comes mere 2 plenum 1⁄2 hour journey by train separates the two locations. And with a new and revised air circulation interzum in Cologne the organizers have allowed one inafter the spraying area to closes ensure application and day which can be used for travel. This arrangement is ideal for maintenance quality. Cefla’s 3D application visitors from abroad will appreciate it isglue cheaper process is who made more efficient with a the robot fact for anthat effective to travel at the weekend. application while its UVRay integrates the UV body and the control board, saving time during assembly.
Our offer – how youOther benefit: items exhibited include the JetDekor, a new
printing system; EasyWrap, the We offer a day ticket for ink-jet interzum Cologne anda machine a dayforticket for using aAlternatively, new integrated glue application LIGNA HANNOVER for onlywrapping 15 euros. for only 30 eusystem;and Performa, a sprayingvoucher machine for ros, you can obtain a day ticket a catalogue for both mouldings with interchangeable trolleys interzum Cologne and LIGNA HANNOVER. These ticket package that can be integrated the offers can be obtained from any representative of the inorganizers automatic lines. – Deutsche Messe or Koelnmesse.
ENQUIRY2:NO. 5712 Package-Offer
15,- Euro Pay one – get one for free.
30,- Euro Paywww.fdmasia.com less – get more. | FDM ASIA July 2009 61
Ligna Exhibition Highlights GreCon: Simply Produce More Efficiently The GreCon product range for this year’s Ligna has as its motto: simply produce more efficiently. Inline measuring systems for the wood based panel industry, spark detection and extinguishment systems for preventive fire and explosion protection are rounded off by scanners for different areas in the production and processing of wood based panels. The new series of measuring systems, GreCon 5000 offer efficient production that is kind to resources. The cost advantages that can be achieved with these tools include blow detection using ultrasound; thickness measurement by scanning with measuring rollers or, in a non-contact way, by means of lasers; moisture measurement with infrared or microwave technology for chips, fibres and panels. Enquiry No: 5713
Leitz: Growth Through Efficiency Product launches from the Leitz Group at this year’s Ligna fair included: • Marathon Coated Finish Cutter: Leitz has designed a new spiral roughing – finish cutter featuring Marathon coating and chip-splitting geometry. The design reduces cutting pressure, allowing the tool to perform at faster feed rates and eliminates the need for a separate roughing pass. Suited for use when manufacturing doors, windows, stairs and furniture components. • ProFix C: The new ProFix C tool system is used in the production of slotted joints, tenon joints and counter joints. Cutting geometry and staggered cut are designed for cross grain machining. Due to its construction, the tool system can be reground many times remaining constant in terms of profile and diameter.
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• Solid Carbide Hinge Boring Bit: According to Leitz, its solid carbide hinge boring bit achieves up to three times the performance times and 50 percent higher feed rates as compared to conventional hinge bits. With modified boring bit geometry, the tip is able to eject the chips, decrease cutting friction, reduce power consumption and eliminate surface damage during the back-stroke. • OptiCut LowNoise Saw Blade: Leitz expanded its product range of noise-reduced saw blades for applications which do not allow for the casing of the saw blade. Its new generation of AS OptiCut circular saw blades offers improved cutting quality for the sizing of panel materials on circular saw benches and vertical board-sawing machines. Enquiry No: 5714
Martin: Finish Polishing On Sliding Table Saw For over three years, Martin, the Bavarian manufacturer of woodworking machinery, has been pursuing the idea of finish polishing the edges of polymethylmethacrylate (acrylic) on the sliding table saw. As more wood-workers are crossing over into man-made materials, the idea would enable operators to finish polishing of acrylic panels directly after cutting them, saving valuable time. The T74, a sliding table saw and a polishing machine, represents a suitable option for this job. The composite frame, cast iron ribbed tabletop and the hardened steel guide system on the sliding table makes it a sturdy choice. Enquiry No: 5715
Holzher: Arcus Edgebanders For Door Production Door production is made easy with Holzher’s mid-class range of edgebanders: the Arcus 1330 doors and 1336. The Arcus 1330 doors is the high performance edgebander for gluing on solid wood edging (up to 20 mm and on maximum panel thicknesses of 60 mm). Suited also for finishing work on unfinished doors, the Arcus offers adhesion on thick panels through use of waterproof PUR glues. Its counterpart, the Arcus 1336 offers an optimum mix, starting with the jointing cutter unit right up to finishing work with scraper, flat scraper and buffing units. The basic machine is equipped with an extending workpiece support (up to 690 mm) to the run-in stop. Enquiry No: 5716
IMA: Efficiency Of Resources Following the motto of the fair, ‘Making more out of wood – Technology For Resource-Efficiency’, IMA presented a number of new and advanced machines and services at Ligna. • Laser Edging Process Billed as the most advanced edgebanding technology currently on the market, the IMA Laser Edging process uses a special polymer instead of the conventional glues. This material is bonded to the decorative edging in the co-extrusion process. The high forces of adhesion on the smooth surfaces and the hardening of the molten polymer guarantee the tightness and strength of the adhesive joint. • Bima 400 CNC Machining Centre With its machining centres, IMA covers all core areas of
panel processing. Universal machining tasks in stationary operation are solved by the Bima centres of the new Bima 200, 300 und 400 families. Whereas worktable sizes of the Bima 200 and 300 series range up to 5300 mm, the Bima 400 covers the range up to 7300 mm. The two smaller types permit a panel width of 1250 mm, the Bima 400 covers the range up to 1450 mm. Enquiry No: 5717
Schelling: PLUS Concept Schelling specialises in developing customer-oriented solutions for cutting applications. • DuPlus+Concept The development engineers at Schelling have come up with new, customer-oriented solutions. Introduced at Ligna 2009, the DuPlus+ Concept increases output of panel saws by utilising two independently working feeders for material positioning in the saw. It then becomes possible to cut the head and main parts, or two strips of staggered cuts, at the same time. Seen in combination with Schelling’s latest turntable, the board yield is increased, as with attendant output. • Automatic Label Applicator First labelling, then cutting. Before a board is pushed off the stack, labels are applied to the board. This solution leads to elimination of errors as well as a reduction of workload for the operator. This makes the DuPlus system more efficient as the operator is able to focus on off-loading the finished parts only. Enquiry No: 5718
www.fdmasia.com | FDM ASIA July 2009
Siempelkamp: Power DiscDrive ‘Higher operating and resource efficiency’ is the motto which Siempelkamp used for Ligna 2009, reinforced by the new service packages which the company had on offer. Next to the modification packages from the ecoline concept, the Krefeld specialist for machine and plant engineering presented its latest drive technology system – the Power DiscDrive. Developed from the linear drive, the technology is available exclusively for its Siempelkamp ContiRoll lines. This drive has a considerably higher degree of efficiency even at partial loads. In addition, it has a low number of revolutions and fewer moving parts. The drive system is based on a motor type and a gear type, a single-stage planetary drive, as well as a uniform concept for power electronics and control. Enquiry No: 5719
Schmalz: Flexible Vacuum Clamping System
ENQUIRY NO. 009
Mobile and multifunctional – the vacuum clamping system Multi-Clamp VC-M from Schmalz of Glatten, Germany, can be used on almost all surfaces in the workshop and on construction sites. The system consists of a multi-clamp vacuum plate and the multi-base turn/swivel fixture. The modular structure of the basic system of the Multi-Clamp vacuum plate VC-M-P and Multi-Base turn/swivel fixture VC-M-B allows for individual clamping, positioning and fixing in all positions. Depending on requirements, tension forces of up to 1,500 N (at -800 mbar) can be established, which makes it possible to undertake bulky operations on the secured workpiece. It is available with integrated pneumatic vacuum generation (vacuum ejector) or, with vacuum pump. Enquiry No: 5720
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ENQUIRY NO. 063
interzum Cologne, Germany May 13 – 16, 2009
European Veneer Conference and the Interior Designer Day.
Global Trends This year, interzum once again offered an overview of the global trends: • Lightweight panels are coming on strong in the market accompanied by readily available binding and fastening systems. Expect a clear increase in lightweight honeycomb panels and furniture made from these materials. • The variety of materials that can be printed on is increasing. Whether wood-derived panels, mineral panels or glass surfaces, specialists in the field are now able to offer printing processes that can even be used for smaller batches.
n its 50th anniversary, interzum amassed a total of 47,000 visitors from more than 130 countries to its doors. According to its organisers, a total of 1,370 suppliers from 63 countries exhibited future-oriented solutions and concepts for a global furniture world. Held from May 13 – 16, 2009, the event in Cologne, Germany utilised a 5 percent increase in occupied exhibition area. Gerald Böse, CEO of Koelnmesse said: “Given the unfavourable economic and financial situation, the anniversary event still managed to generate important momentum for the whole sector and gave a clear signal that runs counter to the current economic trend.” Support came from the international sector with 70 percent of suppliers and about 65 percent of visitors recorded from outside Germany.
Areas Of Application In addition to the furniture industry, many exhibitors registered an increased number of architects, interior designers, designers and representatives of the mobile world, such as Airbus, BASF, Lufthansa, Porsche and VW, who wanted to find out more about current new products. The new project ‘innovation of interior’ focused on innovative materials, as well as surprising areas of application. An exciting contrast to the exhibitor innovations was offered by the trend shows and speeches that were held at the centre of the halls. Here, experts from diverse fields discussed current crucial issues affecting the sector. There was also a very high level of interest in interzum’s supporting programme, which included the innovation workshop, the
• Suppliers in the furniture industry are paying special attention to issues related to sustainability and the conservation of resources. The target group of consumers concerned with ecology is growing. • Electric motors are incorporated into furniture of the future. Whether the motor is used to open drawers or used as motorised fittings in adjustable upholstered furniture, its development point to comfort and convenience for the end consumer. • Visitors to interzum once again got the opportunity to experience technologies and design for fittings and surfaces, wood-based materials and veneers, leather, upholstery and upholstery machines. The next edition of interzum will be held from May 25 – 28, 2011. FDM ENQUIRY NO. 5702
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Exhibition Review Alfa: Light, Natural Wood High-quality natural wood is playing an increasingly important role in interior design and finishing. Alfa G3 by Team 7 is a three-layer board manufactured in thicknesses of up to 80 mm. According to Alfa, an Austrian company specialising in the production of ecological hardwood panels, it is suitable for any kind of interior finishing. Its middle layer of Dendro Light (a material made of spruce) makes the board is particularly light. A 70 mm thick beech-faced board weighs just 285 kg/m3 â€“ a property which lightens the load of processing and transporting the material. The Alfa G3 is suited for tabletops, countertops, partitions or furniture carcasses. The hardwoods come from sustainably managed forests, are glued with formaldehydefree adhesives and treated with herbal oil. Enquiry No: 5703
Hawa: Sliding Hardware Programme
ENQUIRY NO. 072
Hawa AG has hardware systems for wood and glass applications at their stand in interzum. Available later this year, the Hawa-Purolino 80 designer sliding door hardware for frameless all-glass doors comes with concealed suspension. Ideal for room partitions, Its pivoting/sliding hardware Hawa-Concepta 25/30/50, offers furniture makers design freedom and construction for doors weighing up to 50 kg. The system enables doors to be opened conventionally with a pivoting movement and then slid into a space-saving recess. The Hawa-Antea 50-80/VF, is a hardware system with optional soft closing for glass or wood doors and wood/ glass combinations running in front of the cabinet body. This sliding hardware is suitable for doors weighing between 50 and 80 kg. Enquiry No: 5704
www.fdmasia.com | FDM ASIAâ€‚ July 2009
Interprint: Partnership With Pfleiderer & S-Prix
Hettich: Making New Connections
Interprint also demonstrated how new markets can be successfully developed through cooperation with industry partners. An inspiring example is the partnership with the derived timber products manufacturer, Pfleiderer, and the furniture manufacturer, S-Prix. The three-party team developed a colouring-desk and -shelf – furniture for children aged four to eight. The décor’s cartoon outlines can be coloured and then cleaned with a plastic cleaner.
Hettich showed its new solution for connecting furniture side panels and shelves at interzum. Its new connector is highly flexible and can be used for lightweight panels made of any material. For design purposes, once the connector is inserted into the edge of the panel, it remains invisible to the observer. The Hettinject VB insert creates a sturdy connection between the individual parts while a tightening mechanism evens out gaps between the side panels and compensates for tolerances in the board material. Enquiry No: 5705
Enquiry No: 5706
Rehau: Seal, Connect & Accentuate
Reholz: Arc Veneers
With the new Rehau joint profile, the company is able to provide a multi-functional profile solution for sealing, connecting and accentuating in different areas of application. The sealing function can be used as an alternative to silicone joints in plumbing applications or as a seal around acrylic or ceramic mouldings. Available in stainless steel and aluminium surfaces, in classic white or elegant black, the joint profile fits into designed pieces of furniture or living spaces. With installation dimensions of 14 mm x 14 mm and without screws, common corner solutions can be achieved using mouldings or alternatively, with mitre cuts. The joint profile is supplied as cut lengths or on a roll to facilitate integration into dispenser systems.
Veneer manufacturers, Reholz GmbH (now part of the Danzer Group), has managed to get the fibres of veneers to run in an arc rather than a straight line. The curve is variable and can be adapted to suit the design of the individual piece of furniture. Reholz uses the properties of its main product, 3D veneers, and distorts the strips of 3D veneer in the plane. These veneers are meant to be particularly suitable for modular table systems, the outer edges of cabinets or curvaceous wooden chairs. While the texture of the mechanical treated veneer is preserved, it still offers lightweight construction with reduced material thickness and high stiffness and strength.
Enquiry No: 5707
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Enquiry No: 5708
Exhibition Preview IFFS/AFS 2010:
Richard Koh, COO of International Furniture Fair Singapore (IFFS), sheds light on the trade show's forays into design. By Keith Boi
Singapore March 9 – 12, 2010
ositioning itself as the premium furniture trade event in Asia, the International Furniture Fair Singapore 2010, held in conjunction with the 27th ASEAN Furniture Show (IFFS/ AFS 2010) from March 9-12, 2010, will be a four-day event showcasing the latest design capabilities and product developments in the higher end spectrum of the industry. Show organiser International Furniture Fair Singapore is mounting an aggressive campaign to market IFFS/AFS 2010 as a design-oriented furniture show. Richard Koh, the newly appointed chief operating officer of IFFS, expects next year’s exhibition to further expand the spotlight on various design-led initiatives. “In terms of space for 2010, we would like to stay humble on the size of exhibition and work on 60,000 gross square metres with the current economic situation, but we’re quietly confident that those spaces will be choc-a-block full and we will make room for expansion,” Mr Koh said.
Breath Of Fresh Air Mr Koh, 50, was formerly the COO of Buylateral Group and responsible for developing a range of international marketing and product design and development programmes. Seen as a businessman who has been actively involved in the local furniture industry, Mr Koh hopes to bring some fresh perspectives on the running of the exhibition by leveraging on his 30 years of trade experience. He has also been associated with the Singapore Furniture Industries Council (SFIC) through the years, having served as an executive committee member in various capacities since its inception in 1981. Mr Koh pointed to the success of the
Singapore Mozaic showcase in Milan this year as an example of how local furniture firms are starting to develop their market niches. Likewise, he believes IFFS/AFS should develop its own proposition by focusing on design. “We are still trying to grow the IFFS/ AFS as an Asian show, and we expect the exhibitors to come primarily from ASEAN and the Indochina regions,” Mr Koh added.
Promotional Boost To promote the event, IFFS has organised a slate of promotional road shows in China, Malaysia, India, Europe and the US to garner interest from both exhibitors and buyers. In its promotional push for next year’s exhibition, the show organiser will be spending close to S$2.5 million (US$1.7 million) for marketing and publicity purposes, essentially on the various activities and trade show participation for IFFS/AFS 2010. While acknowledging that this year’s event has experienced a slight dip – as compared to 2008, the number of exhibiting companies fell from 517 to 471 while the number of trade visitors dropped from 18,361 to 15,606 – somewhat reflecting the market sentiments caused by the economic downturn, Mr Koh expresses his confidence in the strong credibility the IFFS/AFS has already established to pull in the right crowds next year. “These are the buyers who are not bargain-hunters. They look out for quality and new design trends. The targeted buyers for next year’s show will come mainly from Europe,” he explained.
Besides honing in on design elements, IFFS/AFS aims to achieve approximately 10 percent growth in several areas of the furniture showcases next year, such as in the upholstery and outdoor furniture segments. “We’re leaving no stones unturned to boost the other segments of the show, as mentioned upholstery and outdoor/ garden furniture, to give a more holistic presentation to the buyers and visitors,” Mr Koh added. IFFS/AFS is also exploring plans to further engage woodworking industry partners in the ASEAN region, with various long-term collaborations being discussed at the moment. With the flurry of activities and promotional efforts, expectations are raised for IFFS/ AFS 2010 to live up to its billing as the region’s top designoriented furniture exhibition. FDM ENQUIRY NO. 5731
Richard Koh, the newly appointed chief operating officer of IFFS
Exhibition Preview imm cologne 2010:
imm cologne 2010 Cologne, Germany January 19 – 24, 2010
What's Next? In 2010, visitors can expect a new order and new opening times even as imm cologne seeks to reclaim the top brands.
his year’s imm cologne has had a polarising effect. Reflecting on various issues after the fair was over, Gerald Böse, CEO of Koelnmesse spoke at a press conference on what the imm cologne 2010 will offer to retain its attendees. Addressing the European Press Conference in Cologne, Germany, Mr Böse said: “First, imm cologne is taking place in the world’s strongest sales market; and second, it generates concrete business by showing innovations that are ready for the market.” To elaborate these two points, he brought up the point that Germany continues to be the biggest furniture market in Europe. According to estimates made by Dresdner-Cetelem Kreditbank, the furniture market in Germany has a volume of €27 billion (US$37.7 billion). The
second-largest European furniture market, the UK, accounts for €16.8 billion, and the third-largest, Italy, for only €13.6 billion.
Ready Platform In this respect, the event provided the trade with a ready international platform where the industry can showcase its market-ready products – at the beginning of each new year for buyers to purchase and distribute to the retail outlets by the third quarter of the year. He told delegates that next year’s event would be one day shorter. It will be held from January 19 to 24 and its opening hours will be changed from 10am – 7pm. In terms of the concept behind the fair and the themes it will deal with, the most important goal remains: To regain the strong German and international brands — in all segments. Mr Böse notes that as the various purchasing associations play a key role with regard to German brands. “Our declared goal is to form a coalition of the active parties in the sector,” he said. In order to continue the trend toward a trade fair for complete home interiors, they will be focusing on specialised product ranges (eg: lighting systems, carpets and textiles). “I think that 8,000 architects, interior decorators and designers are persuasive arguments for our event,” he added.
Gerald Böse, CEO, Koelnmesse: “Our declared goal is to form a coalition of the active parties in the sector.”
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To persuade strong brands to return to the trade fair, Koelnmesse will be looking to boost its visitors’ count in two ways. Mr Böse said: “Koelnmesse will back up their efforts by means of special packages. This campaign will focus on Central Europe. The second measure will target visitors
from outside Europe. Here there will be a special VIP campaign, in the course of which we will invite approximately 4,000 dealers to attend the trade fair.” In addition, they will again be cooperating with the French export organisation GEM. In addition: “We will also be paying close attention to the small and medium-sized furniture shops and developing tailor-made travel packages for them.” In 2010, Koelnmesse will transform the entire Boulevard into a catwalk for innovations. Together with the interior innovation award contest, it seeks to show visitors a glimpse of the trends in the coming season. Kitchens will also play a significant role at next year’s fair. “The time is ripe for an international kitchen trade fair located in Germany, and Cologne is the best venue for a strong presentation of the kitchen sector,” said Mr Böse. Some 100,000 visitors visited Cologne 2009 to find out what 1,057 companies from 49 countries had to offer. The trade fair recorded a distinctly smaller decrease among visitors from the EU. In all, around 40 percent of the trade visitors came from ENQUIRY NO. 5701 abroad. FDM
*All details subject to change without notice. Please check with organisers for updates.
JULY 8-11 – China International Building & Decoration Fair China Import & Export Fair Pazhou Complex Guangzhou, China China Foreign Trade Guangzhou Exhibition Corp. Tel: 020-26081622 / 26081623 Fax: 020-86681629-03 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.fairwindow.com
9-11 – Woodmach Cebu 2009 Waterfront Cebu City Hotel Cebu, Philippines Global-Link MP Events International Inc. Tel: +63 2 750 8588 Fax: +63 2 750 8585 Email: email@example.com Website: www.globallinkph.com
15-18 – AWFS Las Vegas Convention Center AWFS Fair Tel: 323-838-9440 Fax: 323-201-8246 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: www.awfsfair.org
AUGUST 1-3 – Wood & Furniture Asia Karachi Expo Center, Pakistan Ecommerce Gateway Pakistan (Pvt.) Ltd. Tel: +92 (21) 453 6321 Fax: +92 (21) 453 6330
6-9 – Zak Office Technology Expo Palace Grounds, Bangalore India Zak Trade Fairs & Exhibitions Pvt. Ltd. Tel: +91 (80) 2521 7700 Fax: +91 (80) 2521 5511 Email: Saleem@zakgroup.com Website: www.zakinteriorexterior.com/info/2009/ Bangalore/april/aboutevent/index.html
SEPTEMBER 2-6 – Kazbuild
Iteca Tel: 7 727 2583434 Fax: 7 727 2583444 E-mail: email@example.com Website: www.iteca.kz
6-9 – China International Furniture Fair (Guangzhou) China Import & Export Fair Pazhou Complex Guangzhou, China Tel: +86 20 2608 0427 Fax: +86 20 8666 3416 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: www.ciff-gz.com
9-12 – Furniture Manufacturing & Supply China Shanghai New International Expo Centre Shanghai CMP Sinoexpo International Exhibition Co, Limited Tel: +86 21 6437 1178 Fax: +86 21 6437 0982 Email: email@example.com
22-25 – Furniexpo 2009 Exhibition Centre ‘Acco International’ Kiev, Ukraine ACCO International Tel: +380 44 458 4621 Fax: +380 44 458 4621 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: www.acco.ua/furniexpo/eng/index.html
24-27 – Vietnamwood Saigon Exhibition Convention Center Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam Chan Chao International Tel: +886-2-26596000 Fax: +886-2-26597000 Email: email@example.com Website: www.linkage-vn.com/hcm/wood/
Calendar of Events 2009 7-10 – Woodmach Philippines SMX Convention Centre Manila, Philippines Global-Link MP Events International Inc. Tel: +632 750 8588 Fax: +632 750 8585 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: www.globallinkph.com
8-10 – Designbuild Perth Convention Exhibition Centre Perth, Australia Diversified Exhibitions Australia Tel: +61 3 9261 4500 Fax: +61 3 9261 4545 Email: email@example.com Website: www.divexhibitions.com.au
20-24 – ASEAN-China Expo Nanning International Convention & Exhibition Centre Guangxi, China Tel: +86-771-5813158 Fax: +86-771-5813355 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.caexpo.org
21-24 – ZOW Italy Verona Exhibition Centre Verona, Italy Survey Marketing + Consulting GmbH Tel: +39 0458 298111 Fax: +39 0458 298288 Email: email@example.com Website: http://www.zow.it/en/
27-29 – WMF Shunde Shunde Exhibition Center Shunde, China Adsale Exhibition Services Tel: +852 2811 8897 Fax: +852 2516 5024 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
OCTOBER 1-4 – ZOW Istanbul Istanbul Expo Center Istanbul, Turkey Deutsche Messe, Survey Marketing + Consulting Tel: +90 212 324 9610 Fax: +90 212 324 9609 Email: email@example.com Website: http://www.zow.com.tr/en/
Atakent Exhibition Centre Almaty, Kazakhstan
Kindly indicate the events you are interested in and fax the sheet/s along with your details in the Product Enquiry Page on page 72a to (65) 6379 2806 or enquire online at www.fdmasia.com
To be considered for inclusion in the Calendar of Events, send details of event (name, date, venue, organiser contact) to: The Editor FDM Asia. Eastern Trade Media Pte Ltd. 1100 Lower Delta Road. EPL Building #04-02. Singapore 169206. Tel: (65) 6379 2888 | Fax: (65) 6379 2805 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
www.fdmasia.com | FDM ASIA July 2009
Advertising Index ENQ NO
MDF & PB Complete Line Specialist (more than 122 projects)
American Hardwood Export COUNCIL
BAILLIE lUMBER CO
CHAN CHAO INTERNATIONAL CO LTD (VIETNAM WOOD 2009)
DLH Nordisk A/S
Extend light machinery co ltd
richfruits machinery MANUFACTURING CO LTD
homag asia pte ltd
isis products corporation
Jeffer MACHINERY CO LTD
leitz tooling asia pte ltd
MICHAEL WEINIG ASIA PTE LTD
MIFF Sdn BHD
sail crest rubber membrane sdn bhd
shanghai jiecheng baihe woodworking machinery co ltd
shenzhen xinyunxiang precision tools co ltd
siempelkamp maschinen-und anlagenbau gmbh & co kg
MDF Mende Line
technik associates inc
MDF/HDF Complete Line
tong fong cutters co ltd
wen chih machinery industrial co ltd
wintersteiger sea pte ltd
25-50mm MDF/HDF(Steam Injection) 9-22mm
The Continuous-press line will come out soon
Shanghai Jiecheng Baihe Woodworking Machinery Co., Ltd
ENQUIRY NO. 906
ADVERTISERS / AGENCY
ADD: #3271, waiqingsong Rd, Qingpu district, Shanghai,China Tel: 86 21 59740552 Fax: 86 21 59742923 P.C: 201709 http://www.shanghaibaihe.com Email: email@example.com
72 FDM Asiaâ€‚ July 2009 | www.fdmasia.com
Advertisers with eBrochures
Canice Gan Tel: (65) 6379 2888 Fax: (65) 6379 2806 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Ding Yong Mei Tel: 86 21 6311 3676 Fax: 86 21 6311 2960 Email: email@example.com
SINGAPORE Eastern Trade Media Pte Ltd 1100 Lower Delta Road EPL Building #04-02 Singapore 169206
SHANGHAI, CHINA SHANGHAI NEW Eastern Media Co. LTD 15D Block B, Victoria Plaza, No.1068, Xikang Rd, Shanghai, P.R, China 200060
Regional Sales Representatives Taiwan
Robert Yu Tel: 886-4-2325 1784 Fax: 886-4-2325 2967
Ted Asoshina Tel: 81-3-3263 5065 Fax: 81-3-3234 2064
Young-Seoh Chinn Tel: 822-481 3411/3 Fax: 822-481 3414
This quick reference guide is provided as an additional service. The publisher does not assume any liability for errors or ommission.
ENQUIRY NO. 075
alder. Cabinet makers, furniture designers and woodworkers have come graded for Yield.®
to appreciate the many desirable properties of alder. It’s a beautiful wood that regenerates naturally and grows quickly. Alder has light,
consistent color and fine grain that accepts all manner of stains. It’s also strong and has uniform density so it machines well, has excellent turning properties, requires less hand work, and securely holds fasteners. Our alder is certified to the Sustainable Forestry Initiative® (SFI), a standard that is also endorsed and recognized by the PEFC.
Working With reneWable materials is not only the right
Shanghai, China: 86.21.6249.9898
thing to do, but it offers a
Vietnam/Guangzhou, China 86.20.3878.1570
competitive edge as Well.
Taiwan: 886.42.350.2005 Hong Kong: 852.2865.5922
, and Northwest Hardwoods are registered trademarks of Weyerhaeuser. © 2009 Weyerhaeuser Company. All rights reserved.
ENQUIRY NO. 058
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org or visit our website at wy.com