HISTORY in TRANSLATION Part: 08
By: Maulana Habibur Rahman Uthmani ex-Rector Darul Uloom, Deoband
Spread of Islam
The blessed letter to Najashi Translated by: Hifzur Rahman Qasmi
hen the blessed letter reached Najashi, the king of Abyssinia, he immediately embraced Islam on the hands of Ja’far Taiyar (ra), the son of Abi Talib (ra). Along with the people of Abyssinia, he sent his son to Makkah to visit the Prophet (saws). But unfortunately, they all got drowned in the sea and could not reach him. (Tareekh Tabri: Vol. 3, P. 89)
The prophet (saws) came to know about it and commented, “The regime of Cosroe got torn into pieces.” Caesar wrote to Badhan, the governor of Yemen to send strong persons to bring the Prophet (saws) to him. Badhan send two persons, Babuyah and Kharkhara to him and requested to him to go to Caeser. He instructed his representatives to fetch the correct news and information.
Letter to the King of Persia There were only two dignified kings in the world at that time: Caesar and Cosroe Parvez. We have already learnt about Caesar. The reign of Cosroe Parvez too was quite wide. Most parts of Arabia were under his regime. In the great provinces like Yemen, his governors were appointed. Thus, almost whole of the Arab was under the Persian king’s rule. Abdullah ibn Huzafah (ra) went to him with the letter. The contents of the letter were almost same as the contents of the letter to Caesar. However, there was a little difference in wording. He tore the letter and said: “He writes to me like that, while he is under my regime.” (Tareekh Tabri: Vol. 3, P. 90)
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On returning, they recounted the whole story to Badhan. “This is not the talk of a king,” he commented, “he is surely a prophet. We will wait; there is no doubt if this news is proved to be correct.” Their delight knew no bounds, when the Quraish came to know Caesar’s order to Badhan. In upsurge of delight, they would congratulate each other and say that the greatest king Caesar was ready to finish the Muslims. “They would be finished and we would live in peace,” they thought. The
two representatives came to the Prophet (saws) and said, “If you abide by the order, Badhan will recommend your acquittal to Caesar or he will punish you and your people.” The Prophet (saws) promised to reply the next day. He was informed through revelation that his son Shairwaih executed Caesar. They again came to the Prophet (saws). He informed them about the death of the Caesar and told them that his power of his faith will reach one day to the land of Caesar. On returning, they recounted the whole story to Badhan. “This is not the talk of a king,” he commented, “he is surely a prophet. We will wait; there is no doubt if this news is proved to be correct.” Only a few days later, Badhan received an official news of the death of Caesar. Badhan along with other leaders of Persia embraced the Islamic faith. (Tareekh Tabri: Vol. 3, P. 90) Letter to the king of Ghassan Seeing the letter of the Prophet (saws) to him, Harith, the son of Abi Shamar said, “We are to attack on Madinah.” When the Prophet (saws) heard his word, he commented that his regime will perish. (Tareekh Tabri: Vol. 3, P. 88)
HISTORY in TRANSLATION Letter to the governor of Bahrain and his conversion
became the cause for Muslims to lose thousands of lives.
The governor of Bahrain was Mundhir ibn Saawi. Amr ibn Umaiya Dhamri (ra) went with the letter to him. He along with his people he accepted Islam. (AlKamil Fit Tareekh: Vol. 2, P. 81)
It was completely against the rules of statecraft to forgive and shelter a person for whom enmity for Islam and Muslims have been the first purpose of life and who have grown nurturing a hatred for the Prophet. But the Prophet (saws) has such a great trust in the promises of Allah and was fully assured about Islam spreading throughout the world owing to its truth and spiritual power.
It is considered a part of justice in any country to punish the rebellious and habitual criminals. Rather sometimes, it goes against expediency and prudence to acquit
He forgave even those who lived their whole lives making effort to harass and abuse the Prophet (saws) and devastate Islam and Muslims, and those who became the cause for Muslims to lose thousands of lives.
a criminal despite his excessive rebelliousness, evil mindedness and crimes. But the history tells us that there has been no man on earth more kind, courteous, tolerant and a person to forgive even the heinous crimes and to prevent bloodshed than the Prophet (saws). He forgave even those who lived their whole lives making effort to harass and abuse the Prophet (saws) and devastate Islam and Muslims, and those who
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Announcement for forgiveness on victory of Makkah The holy city of Makkah was the centre and the real fountainhead of Islam, because it had the House of Allah on it. It was also the birthplace and capital of the pagans of Quraish. It was the same place where Muslims were meted out numerous kinds of torments by the hands of the Quraish. The victory of Makkah was indeed a great bounty of Allah and a great source of pleasure and pride for Muslims. This was the time for the rise of Muslims and fall of the pagans of Makkah. The victory of Makkah brought a great upheaval in the condition of Islam and Muslims. The Muslims had a very tenuous ties with other countries near them. The people of Arabia were aware of the end of the Quraish. Most of the tribes were in the state of quiescence and hesitation. After the victory of Makkah and conversion of Quraish, the Arab tribes followed them and converted
Most of the tribes were in the state of quiescence and hesitation after the victory of Makkah and conversion of Quraish to Islam. This changing scenario brought a change in the conditions of Muslims in another way as well; the reward for accepting Islam and spending for the cause of Allah got less as compared to the level before the victory of Makkah. The holy Qur’an says: “Those who spent before the conquest (of Makkah) and fought are not at par (with others). Those are much greater than those who spent later and fought.” (Surah Hadid: Ayat 10) Makkah was so far kept safe and peaceful since creation of the world. No one was allowed to fight with its dwellers and attack the holy city, nor did any one of the world rulers have the courage to do so. In a warmongering nation such as Arabia, where caravans were looted, roads were not safe and everyone was scared and confused, the holy place of Makkah was the only abode of peace where everyone could feel safe. The tribes, which were always at war, would gather at the occasion of hajj and reconcile with each other.
To be Continued...