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AEGEE-Europe

EUROPEAN BOARDS‘ MEETING IZMIR 2012

FIGHT FOR FUTURE 9–12 February 2012 9–12 February 2012




CONTENT Words of Welcome 3 panel discussion panel discussion

Caucasus Triangle 6

Non-formal Education 10 workshops

Democracy in Belarus 14

s—10.30

Conscious Objection 18

f—12.00

Student Mobility 20

s—10.30

Bologna Process 24

s—10.30

Turkey and the EU 28

f—12.00

Social Inclusion 32 European Language 36

s—10.30

Rio +20 42

s—10.30

Sustainable HR 46

f—12.00

Freedom of Speech 48

sun—15.00

Youth Policy 52

s—10.30

Freedom of Speech in Hungary 54

f—12.00

European Crisis 58

s—10.30

Training in Project Management 60 Film Screenings 61 Partners 62 AGENDA of the EBM 64



sun—15.00


Dear Members, dear friends, It is my utmost pleasure to welcome you in Izmir, to take part in the first edition of our renewed European Boards’ Meeting - EBM. The main mission of this event will be to help AEGEE to further develop its scope: time has come to evaluate the first Action Agenda of our new Strategic Plan 2011 – 2014, and commit ourselves to further actions accordingly with the next edition of the Action Agenda 2012 – 2013. But this is not all: under the title “Fight for Future” this event is meant also to provide a new spark in our minds: new ideas, new perspectives, new ways to tackle the challenges we face everyday are the desired outcome of this event. Together with AEGEE members, several experts from different civil society organisations will lead and fuel discussions, bringing new perspectives and giving new hints. The ingredients to build up a better Europe are all available: as every good recipe, the last ingredient is the creativity of the chefs. And this will be our duty and responsibility, to bring up our creativity and our commitment: those are the tools AEGEE needs to “fight for (our) future”. Alfredo Sellitti, President




Dear AEGEE Fellows, Proudly, I welcome you to a platform where we will state our opinions, raise our voices! EBM Izmir with its reformed format is hosting two panel discussions, a number of workshops about human rights, education, conflict resolutions, and freedom of speech, integration, sustainable development and democracy. Action Meetings where we will altogether decide upon the direction AEGEE should go, will follow the aforementioned sessions. The reformed structure will allow us to set our goals with a grass-root approach. With all these happenings, our hope is that we, as the so called lost generation, will shoulder the responsibility and offer solutions. We all set off to change, to contribute, and to build a unified Europe around us. For these very reasons: Dear EBM Izmir participant, be aware, take a part, and fight for ‘’your‘’ future! Your Projects Director Gizem Karslı




Dear readers, EBM participants, partners and supporters! In front of you - you have a booklet which was created specifically for the event of AEGEE-Europe: the European Boards‘ Meeting, which is happening this year in Izmir and is very exceptional. Why? The main point is that our organization, while moving forward with its actions, also has to keep up with the current European affairs and needs – has to be able to quickly react on what is happening around us. And that is why we changed during our Agora Skopje in October 2011 the concept of EBM. That is why the second point is the fact that during the upcoming EBM the participants will enjoy not only drafting the agenda of our association for next years, but will get to know the current affairs of Europe, will get a lot of valuable knowledge, education, experience and training via various workshops, panel discussions and screenings. I hope you will enjoy reading this booklet. All the interesting texts from our members and our partners that decided to participate in and contribute to our cause - even over going difficult situation in their home country - because they feel and know that we have to be active members of our society and that the more we give the more we gain. Have a splendid EBM! Your Content Coordinator of EBM 2012 Jana Pokorná AEGEE-Praha




panel friday 18.00—20.00 feature panel discussion

Caucasus Triangle: Solution is civic dialogue speaker 

Dr. James Skelly 

Coordinator for Peace and Justice Programming and BCA‘s Resident Director in Derry, Northern Ireland - much of the last 30 years working to create educational programs that might provide a foundation for a more peaceful world; PhD. from University of California, San Diego speaker 

Arzu Geybullayeva 

Co-Director at the Imagine Center for Conflict Transformation since December 2010, Master‘s in global politics at LSE in London, first article was published in 2007 in Turkey about Azerbaijan and Islam, Editor of „The Neutral Zone“ - a blog platform of the online journal- Caucasus Edition where younger authors write on social and cultural issues speaker 

Doç. Dr. Rasim Özgür Dönmez 

Abant Izzet Baysal University professor in Bolu, TR at Faculty of economics and administrative sciences - department of International Relations; PhD. from University of Exeter, UK; Areas of interest: Turkey Policy, Civil Society, Political Violence, Political Identity, Nationalism, the European Union




South Caucasian Region and Conflicts by Armenak Minasyants, President of AEGEEYerevan, Speaker of International Politics WG, Conflict Resolution Pillar Coordinator of AEGEE Eastern Partnership Project.

It is well known that the South Caucasus represents one of the most diverse and conflict-ridden regions in the world. It includes the three former Soviet states Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia, as well as numerous ethnic minorities and small nations within these states.

the collapse of the Soviet Union, slumbering ethnic sentiments were unleashed and developed into violent conflicts. Subsequently, weak state structures and tense relations between ethic groups have caused instability, political disagreement, conflicts and economic decline. Furthermore, in addition to local reasons for conflict, the political-strategic and economic importance of the South Caucasus has been ground for (attempts at) involvement in this area by states and organizations, such as Iran, Turkey, Russia, the USA, NATO and the EU.

The South Caucasus has historically been known to be a crossing point of trade roads from the Mediterranean to China and from the Baltic Sea to the Arab world. Because of its strategic position, moreover, the Caucasus was regularly the object of territorial conflicts between, inter alia, the Persian, Ottoman and Russian Empires. In addition to the large diversity in languages and ethnicity the area also includes a variety of Christian as well as Islamic beliefs. Furthermore, the Caucasus has many natural resources, such as metals, minerals and coal.

At all levels – local, regional and global – state and organizational actors are actively pursuing their geostrategic objectives in the South Caucasus, as a result of which in the South Caucasian region the three republics form so called “Caucasian Triangle”. Each piece of the triangle is dependent much or less from the other two pieces. The thing is that none of the three states could develop foreign policy and strategy without taking into account the positions of its regional neighbors, as any attempt to reconstruct triangle may get immediate consequences for all.

The current and increasing interest of local, regional and global actors in the region is related, in particular, to the possible reserves of oil and natural gas in the Caspian Sea. After

Simultaneously, the South Caucasian triangle is always being considered as a one entity by the international community. The practices of the EU, which always simultaneous-




ly includes all Caucasian states in its projects, could be the best example of such approach. If any member of the triangle is getting something, automatically two other parties are getting the same or something similar. The reason for this is, that the powerful international actors has clearly identified that it would be at least not so easy to divide the South Caucasus and well developed, balanced (in some cases at least) and strong policy towards all three states is being exercised in many situations. If we make a comprehended analysis of existing problems, it becomes obvious, that ethnic political conflicts in the South Caucasus have got their development during whole last century and most of present day problems are results of not so well-grounded and finally failed internal policy of the Soviet Union. After the collapse of the Soviet Empire, the states of Caucasian region got independence and bloody wars broke out in the region which is full of controversial approaches and positions. So, on the example of NagornoKarabakh, during the beginnings of 1990s’ Armenia, Azerbaijan and people of Nagorno-Karabakh have had lot victims and casualties, most of the norms of international law and international humanitarian law have been violated.



Already 18 years have passed since the time when Armenia, NagornoKarabakh Republic and Azerbaijan have signed the Bishkek Protocol on Ceasefire and have agreed to solve all existing problems only by the help of diplomacy and according to the generally accepted principles of international law. Since 1992, after the collapse of the Soviet Empire, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe has take the initiative for resolution of the existing conflict and is acting through the OSCE Minsk Group. Each year the OSCE Minsk Group, which consists of the Russian Federation, USA and France, is the mediation group and is responsible for peacemaking process, organizes a lot formal and informal meetings of the heads of three conflicting parties, but so far they have not got any positive results and day by day military rhetoric from Azerbaijan is heard and is becoming louder and louder. Anyway, conflicting parties highly appreciate all efforts of the international community and have stated for many times that are ready to negotiate and find joint solution to the conflict on the basis of the internationally accepted and recognized norms of the international law. Simultaneously, there are two more conflicts in the region, which in many cases slow down the entire development of the whole region.


Of the four frozen conflicts in the former Soviet Union, two are located on Georgian territory. Civil wars in the early 1990s resulted in Abkhazia and South Ossetia winning independence, with both regions being administered by internationally unrecognized de facto governments ever since. The consistent lack of regular external support to the breakaway, conflict-affected areas of Abkhazia and South Ossetia is clearly reflected in the collapse of the welfare system and the decay of basic services. Evidently, the EU’s Eastern Partnership program’s main goal is the formation of the stable political regimes that would be loyal to the EU, depend on that community and share the European democratic values and not conflict resolution in general. In this regard one of the biggest problems of the enthusiastic project may be the Russian Federation. We may state that August 2008 military conflict between Russia and Georgia made the European leaders to act as soon as it is possible. The EU regarded Russia’s drastic measures to protect South Ossetia as an evidence of Russia’s claims on leadership in the former Soviet Union. The Russian Federation has very strong and well established positions especially in Armenia, and after the end of the August war it is trying to

protect its vital and exclusive (today only in Russian opinion) interests in the Caucasian region. If we analyze the program, it says nothing about the military and political cooperation which would be an open challenge to Russia in the security sphere. Therefore for the latter it would be difficult to oppose the new initiative. But the ‘Eastern Partnership’ can be regarded as an alternative to Russia’s integration projects in the former Soviet Union. In fact, the EU tries to build partner relations even with such traditional Russia’s allies as Armenia. Because of the complexity and intertwining of military, political, economic and other policies by and against actors in this region, the conclusion of this article cannot provide an all- compassing assessment on and future projection of the South Caucasus and the Caucasian Triangle. Simultaneously, we may clearly state, that the resolutions to all existing regional ethnic political conflicts could be the key to the sustainable development and further democratization of the region.




panel saturday 14.30—16.30 feature panel discussion

Non-Formal Education: A solution to (youth) unemployment speaker 

Dr. Bahadır Kaleagası

International Coordinator of TUSIAD – Turkish Industry & Business Association, President of Institut du Bosphore – Paris, Member of the Executive Board, TUSIAD-International, TUSIAD Representative to the EU and BUSINESSEUROPE – Brussels; graduate of Brussels and Istanbul Universities; main areas: theories of international relations, EU’s decision-making system, EU-US relations and the external economic relations of the EU. speaker 

Prof. Dr. H. Gül Turan 

Head of the Faculty of Applied Sciences of Okan University, Istanbul; President of European Movement International Turkey, an international organisation open to all political, economic, social and cultural trends in civil society. speaker 

Peter Matjasic 

President of the European Youth Forum (YFJ) – the platform of youth organisations in Europe. Independent, democratic and youth-led, it represents 98 National Youth Councils and International Youth Organisations from across the continent

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Recognition of non-formal education by Diana Yolova (AEGEE Higher Education Days) and Jorge Miguel (Education Working Group of AEGEE-Europe)

According to the data of Eurostat for November 2011, the EU-27 unemployment rate was 9.8 % in November 2011. The youth unemployment rate was 22.3 % in the EU-27 and 21.7 % in the euro area, while at the end of 2007-beginning of 2008 it was around 15%. The lowest rates of youth unemployment right now are observed in Germany (8.1 %), Austria (8.3 %) and the Netherlands (8.6 %) and the highest in Spain (49.6 %), Greece (45.6% in September) and Slovakia (35.1 %). The rate of youth unemployment has being around twice as high as the rate for the total population throughout the last decade. This situation is has been noticed by the governments, developing different initiatives and policies to fight youth unemployment. As active citizens and youngsters, we should also try to find solutions to this problem. Which kind of solutions? There are many, but here we‘ll try to see if one of the ones which are closer to us can actually help to fight the curse of youth unemployment: Non-Formal Education.

Being part of an organization as AEGEE we have the chance to participate in Non-Formal Education. We travel, meet new people, discover new places and cultures, learn new languages, increase our knowledge regarding topics of our interests, work in intercultural groups... All this learning is non-formal education, one of the main tools that we have, young people, have to grow personal and professionally. Non-Formal Education is defined by the European Youth Forum as: an organized educational process which takes place alongside the mainstream systems of education and training and does not typically lead to certification. Individuals participate on a voluntary basis and as a result, the individual takes an active role in the learning process. Unlike informal education where learning happens less consciously, the individual is usually aware of the fact that he/she is learning through non-formal education. Non-Formal Education can help in the transition from formal education to the labor market, providing some skills demanded by the latter, but that haven‘t been provided by the former. Moreover, Non-Formal Education can also partially replace formal education in the case of early school leavers or in countries where access to formal education is not always possible for all (although

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this is not usual in developed countries as the European ones). Moreover, Non-Formal Education provides to the people who get involved in it a sense of initiative and active participation that can help them to become entrepreneurs. As simple as: if you don’t find a job, create your own one. Formal education doesn’t prepare usually for this, and young people, when they finish their studies are many times used just to sit down and wait for instructions. This is especially clear in the case of long term unemployed people, who assume a passive and pessimist attitude. With problems of lack of jobs, entrepreneurs are a very valuable resource, and Non-formal education, a potential source where young people can get the skills and attitudes needed for it. Another benefit comes from the recognition of non-formal and informal learning. Nowadays, we are moving towards a competence-based perspective of education, acknowledging the knowledge, skills and competences people have (learning outcomes), regardless how they obtained it. However, we are still in the process towards this change of paradigm, and meanwhile further efforts, initiatives and policies are required to reach this scenario. Initiatives as personal portfolios, certificates as Youthpass or the development of European and of national Qualification Frameworks

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are decisive steps in this direction of recognition. Most of these initiatives are rather recent, so we still have a long way in front of us till we get this aimed scenario. On the other hand, these process aims not only at recognizing NonFormal Education, but also working experience. We could argue that while the young people can benefit from the former, not so much from the latter (being more suitable for older people). Will then this process really reduce youth unemployment rates? In any case, it will suppose an advantage for the countries which will get deep and fast involved in the process. Some of the benefits this process provide are: better awareness of the human resources a region/company/organization, better overview of which skills society lacks (proving more suitable training offers), reintegration in formal education of early school leavers (as they get the certification needed for it or their motivation for studying back) and of foreigners with different certificates, reducing this way the costs of formal education. In the lifelong learning perspective of education today is fundamental to assure the complementarity between formal and Non-formal Education. Non-formal Education should be taken into account by policy makers of formal education. However, there are some concerns


regarding the standardization that Non-formal Education can suffer if it is integrated in formal education, losing its flexibility and freedom and ending up serving the objectives of formal education. We shouldn‘t forget that one of the main characteristics of Non-Formal Education is that it is student-centered and this is many times not easy in formal settings with pre-defined curricula and objectives. To allow young people to benefit from Non-Formal Education, we need to make them aware of its possibilities. Most youngsters are willing to undertake action but because of lack of information (or disadvantaged social and economic situations sometimes too) they don`t know where to start. Youth organizations, as AEGEE, are a key factor to help them to access to these possibilities, so it‘s our time to work for it.

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workshop saturday 10.30—12.30 democracy

Stand up for democracy in Belarus Pauline Gessant JEF Europe – Young European Federalists.  speaker

She is active since 2003, now JEF‘s new President and concludes: “JEF-Europe calls for a political will for the renewal of the European Union, for a fundamental shift in the national approach of the EU and the adoption of federalist solutions as the only way out of the crisis.“

Belarus, often described as ‘Europe’s last dictatorship’, is a country where dictatorship rules and where freedom of the press, establishment of NGOs and respect for human rights are still distant dreams. Belarus is at our doorstep, not at the other side of the world – but somehow Europe is incapable of responding to the serious human rights violations. Why is this? Because the EU doesn’t have the necessary means to react. Europe desperately needs a proper and united European Foreign Policy to deal with global issues. The Young European Federalists ask for a greater co-operation between Member States and European Institutions to put the Belarusian dictatorship to a stop.

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JEF condemns all forms of dictatorship! The commitment to human rights, the rule of law and freedom is the strongest answer to undemocratic and oppressive regimes and the best way to preserve the cornerstones of the federalist ideology. After having served two terms as the President of Belarus since 1994, Lukashenka gained more than 80% of the votes on 18 March 2006 for a third term. He intimidated and threatened the opposition before and after the presidential elections and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) declared that the elections had failed to meet democratic standards and that citizens were not allowed to freely and fairly express their will at the ballot box. After elections

«Free Belarus» action To show its aversion to the undemocratic political situation in Belarus JEF organizes The ‘Free Belarus’ action. This is an annual global protest where young people around the world simultaneously show their disagreement with the only remaining dictatorship in Europe through street actions. On 18th March each year, young people from around the globe assemble and set about gagging as many statues as possible

in 2010 an estimated 40,000 people took part in a demonstration in Minsk, which was brutally dispersed by riot police. More than 700 people were detained, among them 7 presidential candidates. Belarus is in deep human rights crisis and JEF is urging EU to continue to apply its restrictive measures such as the freezing of assets and reintroduce the travel and visa restrictions against high of the undemocratic regime by lifting the current suspension. At the same time, the EU must engage with the Belarusian authorities to bring the electoral laws in line with international standards and abolish the death penalty. The EU should also advocate for free media and support civil society so as to guarantee the freedom of expression, assembly and political association.

in their local area, town or city to symbolically prevent them from speaking, much like the current situation for many Belarusian citizens. On 19th March 2006 the Presidential Elections were being organized in Belarus. The evening between Tuesday 14th March and Wednesday 15th March saw the first ‘Free Belarus’ street action, entitled ‘’Give the People of Belarus a Voice’’. Activists ‘muzzled’ statues from several European cities, and hung signs from their necks stating: “Give the

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citizens in Belarus a voice”. During this time JEF’s electoral observers were arrested in Belarus. On the evening of 18th March 2007, which saw the 1st anniversary of the condemned Presidential Elections in Belarus, JEF activists once again took to the streets. It was decided that the action should again be carried out in the same fashion as the previous year, but this year bearing the slogan: “Give a voice to the citizens of Belarus”. In 2007 a stronger emphasis was placed on collaborating with other NGOs and civil society actors which resulted in 60 cities participating in the action, with the furthest reach being in Boston. Similarly to the 2007 action, in 2008 on the evening of 18th March on the 2nd anniversary of the condemned Presidential Elections, activists around the world took to the streets to protest. In 2008 participants began using European Flags or pieces of cloth bearing the European colors to gag the statues and held signs stating: “EUROPE, Give the citizens of Belarus a VOICE!”. The main emphasis of the 2008 street actions was to state that Europe is directly responsible for taking action against the dictatorship in Belarus, with a goal to increase the action’s visibility with citizens by creating debate and

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involve elected representatives to increase the profile of the action and secure media attraction. In 2008 over 70 cities participated. In 2009 and 2010, a strong emphasis was placed on protesters interacting with citizens and encouraging them to gag statues or themselves. In December 2011, JEF decided to show its support to the “International NGOs stand up for human rights in Belarus” action, organized in cooperation with Libereco. The action was organized between 10th December, the International Human Rights Day and 19th December, the first anniversary of the Belarusian 2010 presidential elections, which ended in mass detentions and long term imprisonments of prisoners of conscience. During those days, many actions were organized by various NGOs in order to bring attention to the harassment of Belarusian civil society activists and the treatment of prisoners of conscience. Within this action a special campaign was set up to show support for Ales Bialiatski, a Belarusian prisoner of conscience. Many members of JEF sections participated in a Facebook photo petition, demanding the freedom for Bialiatski.


Possible discussion points for the workshop • • • • •

Why is the situation in Belarus important for the EU? The role of youth organizations such as JEF in bringing the attention to the political issues The uprising of people in 2011: what does it indicate? The role of internet and social networking in campaigning The way forward: action March 2012 (brainstorming on creative new ideas).

More about the topic •

JEF‘s website

Charter97, a Belarusian pro-human rights newsite: — see it here

Libereco, a German-Swiss human-rights organisation, focused on monitoring the situation in Belarus — visit now

Facebook campaign —“We are all Ales“

Prisoners of conscience in Belarus, a short movie released by Partnership for Human Rights and Amnesty International, directed by German filmmaker Sebastian Heinzel — watch it now

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workshop friday 12.00—14.00 Conscientious objection, militarism and the impacts on society Mine Kanol EBCO - European Bureau for Conscientous objection; Project Assistant, Future Together at The Union of Cyprus Turkish Chambers of Engineers and Architects - KTMMOB; University of Leeds – Department of Politcs and International Studies speaker

This workshop is about conscientious objection, militarism and the impacts of militarism on society, specifically the relationship between militarism and gender. The workshop will begin by giving a definition of what conscientious objection is. It will then explore the reasons why people object and reject joining the army and militarism in general. The workshop will provide the participants with overall information on conscientious objectors around the world, including the role of EBCO (European Bureau of Conscientious Objection) in this area. The workshop will also highlight the presence of women conscientious objectors and use this to explore the relationship between militarism and gender.

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„As I mentioned before, there is an ongoing and indefinite strike of the electricity workers and the telecommunication workers over plans of privatization here in the north of Cyprus. We have had literally very little electricity in the last three days, no access to land-line phones and basically no internet at all since the system of the two large providers have gone down!  Therefore I have not been able to access the internet at all to do some research!! This is the first time I am seeing your emails and I knew I had to prepare something but I have also been supporting the workers so I have been in the strike area with them a lot and haven‘t had much chance to do my preparations. I am really, truly sorry! I know it seems surreal for all of this to be happening, but here is a link if you‘re interested in what‘s going on:  http://www.cyprus-mail.com/cyprus/north-plunged-darkness-electricitystrike/20120120. Anyway I was able to go online in a cafe in the south today and I‘ve been doing some research here..“ Mine Kanol, 22nd January 2012 - workshop preparations

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workshop saturday 10.30—12.30 student mobility

International Education in Europe: policy, reality & the future by you Joran van Aart Director of Student Value at StudyPortals - the European study choice platform; holds a MSc. in Industrial Design, forming a multi-disciplinary foundation with an expertise in developing user-focused products and services, worked at a premier design firm in Melbourne, Australia, resulting in a worldwide patented invention speaker

This workshop will focus on student mobility in European higher education, consisting of three parts: 1. a presentation and debate on the changes in European policy (the new Erasmus for All programme) and how this will affect AEGEE, 2. an interactive quiz that will quickly take you through the education in Europe, challenging your assumptions and leading to many new insights, and 3. an exercise on how to increase satisfaction of international students, how you can motivate students to study abroad, and how this can all help AEGEE to grow.

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StudyPortals ...is a company that started 5 years ago from a committee in a student association, and now employs 27 people from all over Europe. StudyPortals is the leading study choice platform in Europe, and is renowned for its expertise on increasing mobility and its hands on approach of helping students to study abroad in Europe. Did you know that Erasmus for All… … is the new funding programme proposed by the European Commission? … will be available for high school students and even for adult learning? … will welcome students from all over the world (instead of only Europe)? So you all study in Europe – but what do you really know about European Higher Education? Where are international students the happiest? In Poland, Spain, or Turkey? How much scholarships are there to study in Europe? 16, 160, or 1600 million euro per year? What country does not have any tuition fees? Portugal, Norway, or Serbia? On a scale of 0–10, would you recommend your study experience to your friends? What are the main reasons why you would (not) recommend? The two questions above summarize the big survey aiming at identifying the key influencers of international student satisfaction in Europe, taken by StudyPortals. 1,482 international students have participated and mentioned a total 2,982 reasons to recommend their study experience (besides 336 domestic students who mentioned 542 aspects that affected their satisfaction). These reasons are the true drivers of student satisfaction; the prime aspects that affected their overall opinion of their experience. Through analysis and categorization of these reasons, the key influencers of international student satisfaction in Europe were identified. Why studying abroad in Europe will grow faster than Apple, and how AEGEE can benefit from that? Growth is achieved through social promotion. For instance, iPhone users are happy, recommend it to their friends, and Apple is successful and grows. In a project funded by the European Commission, AEGEE and Study-

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Portals investigated the satisfaction of international students in Europe, and why they would or would not recommend their experience to their friends. And the results were impressive! Many people obviously think of the US with its outstanding universities like Harvard or Stanford when considering to study abroad. However, also Europe has great opportunities to offer and you should not miss them!

Materials and Links

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Erasmus for all: http://ec.europa.eu/education/erasmus-for-all/

On international student satisfaction: http://www.stexx.eu/about/student-satisfaction/

Why study in Europe: http://www.mastersportal.eu/students/why-europe/


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workshop saturday 10.30—12.30 education

A Challenge Ahead – The Bologna Process 2012 Ilyas Ülgür Erasmus Programme Coordinator, Turkish National Agency for the LLP - Lifelong Learning & YiA -Youth in Action Programmes developer Thomas Leszke Education Working Group, AEGEE-Köln speaker

The Bologna Process is an initiative supported by currently 47 states that has the aim to create a European Higher Education Area (EHEA) where the national systems of higher education should be made compatible with each other. It was started at the Ministerial Conference in Bologna in 1999. Ahead of the next Ministerial Conference in Bucuresti, 26th - 27th April, we want to have a look at the current status quo of this massive project of European integration.

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The Bologna Process For a comprehensive overview of the Bologna Process so far, see the official website of the EHEA. In this overview, it is mentioned that “the Bologna Follow-up Group set up the following working groups for the 2009-2012 period: • • • • • • •

Social dimension Qualifications frameworks International openness Mobility Recognition Reporting on the implementation of the Bologna Process Transparency mechanisms”

It is furthermore mentioned that “[t]he next milestone of the European Higher Education Area will be marked with the upcoming Ministerial Conference“. However, at the same time, the European Students‘ Union (ESU) published a critical report in 2010, Bologna at the Finish Line (read it online), in the executive summary of which we can read the following: “A roadmap, with several finishing lines appears in this maze, as new definitions are added and more actions foreseen from one Ministerial Conference to another. Most crucially, the conclusions of Bologna at the Finish Line remind us of the complexity of modern Europe and why it is difficult to carry through a common agenda. Our work in European integration is far from done. We seek to bridge the gap and ensure that higher education remains in the core of the caring and safe, but also progressive societies we claim to be members of.” In the same summary, a catalogue of 40 critical points is formulated. In direct correlation to the four working groups mentioned above (in bold), these include:

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6. Lack of recognition remains a major deterrent to going abroad, for those aiming at academically meaningful mobility. Respecting learning agreements, proper implementation of ECTS and the diploma supplement and respecting the Lisbon Recognition convention are just a few of the measures which need to be taken, in order to remove this significant obstacle for mobility. 9. When it comes to ECTS, several national students’ unions and other stakeholders (most notably EUA) note that important elements of this topic have only been superficially implemented, especially on an institutional level. This is especially a concern when it comes to linking ECTS to measuring meaningful workload and linking the accumulation of credits to learning outcomes—the latter being essential to move towards true student-centred learning. 19. Today, student participation is increasingly under threat by a general trend toward more effective and corporate management styles, which is likely to lead to decreasing democracy within higher education institutions. Even though a lot has been said, very little has truly been done to ensure active student participation at all levels throughout Europe. 26. The Social dimension is highly important, as too many capable students are still excluded from the higher education system, due to their background, insufficient student support systems or other barriers. It was therefore a great achievement for ESU, in Prague 2001, when the ministers agreed upon the students’ suggestions to include the social dimension as an integral part of the Bologna Process. However, although there have been promises made, and although the importance of the Social Dimension has been stated in several communiqués since in Prague, little has actually happened.

What can we expect from the next Ministerial Conference, and more importantly, what can we expect to happen afterwards in practice?

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Points for discussion: •

What are the main achievements with regard to the integration of higher education in Europe today?

Which are the main problems left to solve and challenges ahead?

What is important for us, the students – and how do our interests conflict with other interests in the process?

Read more: •

Bologna Process official website - official information about the European Higher Education Area

Bologna Declaration - official declaration from the Ministerial Conference, 1999, where the main aims are formulated

The Bologna Process Independent Assessment - a detailed research, produced for the European Commission by independent scientists

Ten years of Bologna: What has changed for learners? - a short scientific report focusing on the impact of the Bologna Process on students

Bologna beyond 2010 - report on the EHEA development, prepared by the Benelux Bologna Secretariat

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workshop friday 12.00—14.00 turkey and the eu

An undefined adventure of direction: Turkey Asst. Prof. Dr. Bahar Turhan Hurmi Atilim University, Ankara; published papers on the topics of „New U.S. President Barack Obama and Turkish-American Relations“ and „First and Second National Symposium on Cyprus“ developers Alperen Yavuz Istanbul Technical University , AEGEE-Istanbul & Perçin Imrek University of Brugge, AEGEEÇanakkale; Both are part of AEGEE Where does Europe end project speaker

The workshop will cover the issues of the past and the present of Turkey-EU relations, from the beginning of its application to every milestone which happened. Why Turkey-Middle East relations have become much more important, what has been and is going on with Turkey-Asia relations and the positive-the negative sides of Turkish membership to the EU will be discussed, as well as the future prospect of this relationship.

Progress is needed, and quickly Now that Turkey‘s local elections are out of the way, the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) are free to focus on economic and political reforms. Progress is needed, and quickly — not only to get the country through these turbulent economic times but also to avert the risk of a breakdown in E.U.-Turkey relations before the end of the year. The irony is that the relationship is most at risk at a time when the E.U. and Turkey need each other more than ever.

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With the declining and increasingly infamous EU, becoming a member of it becomes more and more unpopular. Even the currently accepted and soon-to-be-member Croatia is not sure if the referendum will pass or not. But Turkey and EU has a much longer history. A history of almost 40 years, which no one is sure that will end with a happy ending. Even though every country that applied to be a member of the EU has managed so far (apart from the countries that rejected themselves), the Turkey story does not look like it will finish soon. Even though Turkey as a member of the EU looks good in economic, geo-strategic and some political terms, the huge population, religion, border neighbors and many other factors are amongst the ones that makes some countries strongly oppose to Turkey as a member of the EU. Turkey — strategically placed between the Balkans, Black Sea and Middle East — is fast becoming a big regional player. It‘s no surprise that President Obama is fulfilling

his pledge to visit a Muslim-majority country within 100 days of taking office by dropping in on Turkey. Becoming a big power in that area, the 360 degrees politics of Turkey takes Turkey further and further away from the EU. There has been obstruction from France, Germany and a few other E.U. members who are not keen on a predominantly Muslim country of 70 million joining their club. There has also been political turmoil in Turkey, where the highest court only last year threw out a case on the closure of the ruling AKP. And there is the intractable dispute over the divided island of Cyprus, with the (Greek) Cypriot government consistently using its membership in the E.U. to block Turkey‘s advance. Meanwhile Turkey-EU has been dealing with all the issues, Turkish government started to change the direction into a new one. Since it was founded, Turkey has been trying to be on good terms with Turkish countries at Central Asia. The idea of having the common language, ideology and business has been on the minds for a long time. Also the countries that have importance at the Asia region like China, Japan,

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Russia are countries Turkey is willing to be on good relations. For not too long, Turkey has a new important direction, Middle East. With all the recent activities and complexity at the area, as a neighbor country,

Turkey had to be involved. Turkey made clear about the goal it has and explained it as being a peace keeper (pacifier) country

Further links to read: •

http://www.mfa.gov.tr/relations-with-european-countries.en.mfa

http://www.mfa.gov.tr/sub.en.mfa?59f21ff8-791d-4e37-9f39b4513dfe9399

http://www.mfa.gov.tr/sub.en.mfa?3b226022-8831-4b70-98c20701f4c470cd

http://www.mfa.gov.tr/sub.en.mfa?3eefbf43-15c9-4ad7-85727a9fd7940659

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workshop sunday 15.00—17.00 social inclusion

Rainbow Ribbons: Embracing diversity Mustafa Erdogan Freelance Trainer in Youth Field. speaker

He has been involved in several training activities such as Intercultural Dialogue Seminar in Mardin, Turkey and Worship not Warship - Training Course on Interreligious Dialogue in Pembroke, Malta and GREEN IDEAS in Gaziantep, Turkey

Eline de Graaf AEGEE-Leiden & Kathrin Renner AEGEE-Passau

developers

AEGEE has always presented itself as an inclusive and accepting environment, in which people from all over Europe, male and female, older and younger, no matter what, are welcome. Unfortunately, this inclusiveness on paper is not always practiced throughout the association, let alone in Europe as a whole. It is the purpose of this workshop to create awareness about the situation of different minorities in Europe and make people think about actions they can take to improve this situation. We want to both give a general overview over the situation of excluded groups in Europe as well as focus on the three target groups that are defined in AEGEE’s Strategic Plan 2012-2014: ethnic minorities, sexual minorities and young people with disabilities.  

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“Social exclusion is about the inability of our society to keep all groups and individuals within reach of what we expect as a society... [or] to realize their full potential.” In Europe, exclusion and discrimination is one of the main challenges we will face in the next years. We exclude to protect our own identity, culture or values, but with Europe becoming more and more diverse, we will have to learn how to deal with not only the diversity of different nationalities, but of very different lifestyles, economic backgrounds and cultures. Some groups are more threatened by exclusion than others. According to the Euro barometer 2009, 61% of the population of the EU thinks that discrimination based on a person’s race of ethnic origin is widespread in today’s society, 53% think the same for people with disabilities and 47% believe that people regularly suffer discrimination because of their sexual orientation, making these groups the top 3. Social exclusion, however, does not only affect them, but our society as a whole, and thus every one of us. The result is a less coherent society. Different lifestyles and communities are divided by radically different life chances. Mobility is reduces, for vulnerable people avoid certain parts of town or feel intimi-

dated (rightly or wrongly). Fear of crime increases, as do crime rates. It impacts the peace and stability of our society (if we look at examples like the riots in France of Britain), as well as our economic prosperity, for individuals cannot reach their full potential. But who are these “minorities” we exclude? Let’s start with the basics. The definition of a minority group can vary, depending on specific context, but generally refers to either a sub-group that does not form either a majority or a plurality of the total population, or a group that, while not necessarily a numerical minority, is disadvantaged or otherwise has less power (whether political or economic) than a dominant group. There are many different kinds of minority groups, for example cultural, national and ethnic minorities or language minorities, but also religious or sexual minorities and disabled people, which face a very specific kind of exclusion. Looking at the situation of ethnic minorities, eleven European countries have a minority group larger than 20% of the total population.

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This minority group includes national-, transnational-, immigrantand indigenous minorities. Bosnia and Herzegovina is an exceptional case, for it is the only European country without an ethnic majority. Although the existence of ethnic minorities currently does not create war on the European continent, there are still conflicts that impact Spain, Ireland and most notably, Eastern Europe. While ethnic minority groups are protected in most cases by European laws, the lesbians, gay men, bisexuals, and transgender persons (LGBT) across Europe are not. They experience bullying, discrimination, harassment and physical violence in their everyday lives. Striving for laws that include the LGTB minority in European society, like gay marriage, is a topic of heightened interest among European politicians. A minority that is harder to grasp in terms of law, are disabled people. Around 10 million people in Europe deal with a disability alone. They face exclusion in a different way, for they cannot always fully participate in society - having a job, traveling, entering store or pubs - due to their (physical) disability. This affects everyday life and social contacts as well as their educational and economic situation.

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These groups will be subject to the ‘world café’ discussions that form the second part of the workshop. The first part of the workshop will be a speech given by Mustafa Erdogan, our external speaker. Mustafa Erdogan (1984) is Trainer in the SALTO-Pool of trainers and works as a Non-Formal Education trainer and youth worker. He currently resides in Eskişehir, where he also graduated from the Eskişehir Osmangazi University Department of Comparative Literature. Since 2006 he is working as a trainer in the pool of the Turkish National Agency, as well as in the SALTO pool of the European Commission. Besides that he established the Dem Experiental Training Center in 2009. This is a non-governmental organization located in Eskisehir specialized in providing experiential training to young people and adults, in order to support their active citizenship home and abroad. He has been involved in many local and international training courses, particularly on identity, diversity, interculturalinterreligious dialogue, conflict transformation and social inclusion. “Identity and exclusion - non-formal education and inclusions” is the title of his session. He will draw a general picture of the relation between identity and social exclusion


and explain the power of non-formal education as a tool for social inclusion. Identity and the construction of cultures, social exclusion and identity, excluded groups,

integration versus inclusion, and Non-Formal Education as a tool for inclusion will be the main topics of this interactive session.

Further reading: •

SALTO Inclusion: http://www.salto-youth.net/rc/inclusion/

LGBT: http://fra.europa.eu/fraWebsite/attachments/FRA_hdgso_report_Part%202_en.pdf

Ethnic Minorities: http://www.scribd.com/doc/13900711/Ethnic-Minorities-in-Europe-The-Basic-Facts

Physical disabled: http://www.edf-feph.org/

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workshop saturday 10.30—12.30 european language

Europe and languages: communication, rights, diversity Nico Huurman Member of TEJO, the World Organisation of Young Esperantists. It unites young speakers of the international speaker

language Esperanto, spreads information about the language and is represented at European and international institutions to promote the idea of effective and non-discriminatory language policies, member of the

European Day of Languages Team of AEGEE. The team coordinates the many local activities during the European action day in November and promotes multilingualism and language learning within AEGEE

The core part of the workshop is a discussion/debate about (the lack of) European language policy. We are a continent that is defined by a huge linguistic diversity, a richness we should cherish and promote, but one that also causes a huge communication challenge. The succes of European integration depends on the formation of a European public sphere that reaches beyond a small elite of higher educated people. A sufficient proficiency in one language all accros the continent is a necessary condition for the success of such a public sphere. But a successful European language policy should not only enable effective communication among Europeans, but also prevent language discrimination and preserve Europe‘s linguistic diversity, including many regional and minority languages.

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Languages in European Institutions The official statement of all EU institutions is that they are multilingual. From the birth of the European integration in 1957 all treaties declared that the national languages of the member-states receive equal status and treatment. There is no distinction between “official languages” a and “working languages”. Starting with 6 member-states and 4 languages the EU now has 27 memberstates and 23 official languages. The contact between the an EU citizen and the institutions can take place in the language of choice of the citizen. At meetings of the European Parliament al MEP’s can use one of the 23 languages. Important documents are translated into all 23 languages and all 23 versions are equally authentic. In practice, the drafting of documents is mostly done in English and/or French. This means English and French speaking MEP’s would have an advantageous position on influencing the content of these documents. In some cases application forms for grants and subsidies, which are meant to be available to all citizens, are only available in English. A very shocking violation of the official policy of multilingualism was the obligation to candidate mem-

ber-states to provide the EU with all needed documents in English. So whereas the communication with citizens could take place in (prior to 2004) 11 languages, candidate member-states had no choice but to use English in all official communication with the EU. At this time the dominant “language of Brussels” is English, although French still has quite a strong position. Since the ascension of in total 12 new member-states in 2004 and 2007 the position of French weakened considerably in comparison to English, a process which is likely to evolve further if no action is undertaken.

Language education In the smaller European memberstates whose national language doesn’t have a large number of speakers, learning foreign languages has always played an important role in education (e.g. the Netherlands, Scandinavian countries). The large nation states for a long time kept the illusion alive that speaking only their own language would be enough. In the past decades the amount of time and money invested in language education in Europe grew considerably. However, this investment is in no way equally distributed over the European languages. Since all member-states can decide on their own which language

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to teach, most of them make English compulsory. As other languages are not felt to be needed and useful, motivation to reach proficiency in these languages is low. The result is that a large number of (young) Europeans is bilingual, but only very few reach personal multilingualism. The unequal status of languages in education is strengthened by the Bologna process of unification in higher education. To attract more foreign students, an important source of money for universities, more and more universities in Europe offer Master degrees in English. Sometimes, e.g. at the Delft University of Technology, it completely replaces the national language, making it impossible to obtain a Master degree without proficiency in English. Another result is that it is possible to study abroad using the Erasmus programme, aimed to get young Europeans in touch with other cultures and languages, without even having to learn the basics of the local language. It only strengthens the feeling of European students that speaking just English is enough in Europe.

Goals of coordinated language policy As with every policy, one should first set the goals before finding alternatives and comparing which of them satisfies the set goals best.

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A. Equal chances, prevent language discrimination The European integration is based upon common values, such as democracy, freedom, equality, human dignity and solidarity. Discrimination of any kind, including language discrimination, is forbidden. To have a Europe that respects the equality of its languages, all European affairs should be equally available in all official languages. Nevertheless the linguistic rights may be geographically limited. It is undesirable that some Europeans have better chances in business because they are born with another mother tongue. B. Protect minority languages Europe’s strength in the world is its unity in diversity. If this diversity is treated in the right way it is not a hindrance but a huge potential. This is also very true for the language diversity. Multilingual minds are more able to think out of the box and come up with creative solutions. C. Enable transnational communication Whereas the above criteria postulate protection of the current multilingual landscape, effective communication demands one common language. Solving this paradox is the core of successful language policy.


D. Strengthen European identity A functioning democratic representation needs to be founded on a “demos”, a people. If the Europeans feel themselves to be 27, or more distinct people, there is no sustainable basis for politics that have to serve the common interest, sometimes directly the opposite of the interest of a subgroup.

Scenarios for European language policy 1.

2.

3.

Null scenario, no change in current policy The choice not to react to a situation also has to be a conscious one. No policy is also a policy. Full support of multilingualism Real multilingualism means that all languages in Europe are equally important and that everyone can freely elect which languages are most needed is his or her personal situation. The major weakness of this scenario is the absence of a means of communication for all Europeans. Election of national language as common second language If this scenario is chosen the next step would be to decide which national language to use. The first and most likely candidate is English. As European unification was built on the

4.

principles of equal chances for all citizens, this option seems unacceptable. Election of non-national language as common second language The fourth option which combines the advantages of the previous scenarios is the choice for a common second language for Europe which is not a national language of one of the member-states at the moment. The question remains which language can be suited for such a role. A—Latin For over 1000 years this was the language of religion, but also the language of education, science and international contacts. The main advantage of Latin is that it is very closely linked to European history. B—Esperanto Esperanto is a so-called “artificial” language. The grammar and basic vocabulary of the language were thought out and presented by L.L. Zamenhof in 1887. The main advantage Esperanto has in comparison with Latin is its regular and simplified grammar. It takes a person about 1/10 to 1/5 of the study time to reach a certain level in Esperanto, compared to another foreign language.

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Further information: •

http://en.nitobe.info/ar/kampanjoj/grin-letero.php (available in CA, CS, DE, EN, EO, FR, HR, HU, FI, SK)

http://www.hce.education.fr/gallery_files/site/21/104.pdf (seulement en Français)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_YHALnLV9XU (EN: The language challenge -- facing up to reality)

http://www.uclouvain.be/cps/ucl/doc/etes/documents/DOCH_122_ (PVP).pdf (EN: Europe’s three language problems, Philippe Van Parijs)

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workshop saturday 10.30—12.30 global affairs

Rio+20 and Youth Participation Ivana Savic Lawyer for children and human rights from Belgrade, Serbia. Having studied Rights of the Child speaker

at the Union University, she went to work for the Child Rights Center in Belgrade. She became involved in the coordination of global youth on sustainable development and is also working as one of the Organising Partners for the Major Group for Children and Youth, providing a direct connection between youth and the United Nations. Moreover, has been a member of AEGEE-Beograd

Mathieu Soete Environmental Working Group & Miguel Gallardo AEGEE-Academy

developer

Learn everything about the Rio+20 conference and what will be discussed in Rio de Janeiro. Give your opinion on topics that matter, not just to you or AEGEE, but to youth around the world. Green Economy, Sustainable Development Goals and Ecocide, after this workshop they will have no secrets for you.

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What is Rio+20? To get a good understanding of what Rio+20 really is, we need to go back to Stockholm in 1972, the year and place of the first international conference on the environment. The Stockholm conference is the basis of international cooperation on global environmental problems, the birthplace of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the zero-point from where conferences are counted. So this year for example, we will have the Stockholm+40 anniversary. With the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, 20 years later, it was recognised that the care for the environment goes hand in hand with development of the planet, both economically and socially. It was the year after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the world suddenly seemed unified and the air was filled with hope and lofty promises. Treaties were signed, agreements made and a blueprint for a sustainable future was drafted: Agenda 21. 1 But of course, not everything was realised. Just after the start of the new Millennium South Africa hosted the 10th anniversary of the Earth Summit: the Johannesburg World Summit. Partly a review of exercise of the Rio conference, it also helped in creating means to achieve the

Millennium Development Goals. 2 Over the past couple of years, some interest groups started asking for another major conference on sustainable development, ultimately resulting in Rio+20, the UN Conference on Sustainable Development, again to be hosted in Rio de Janeiro. Situated against a backdrop of economic crises and rising political and economical tensions between the US and China, this edition risks focusing mainly on the economic part of sustainability though, and neglecting the environmental and social aspects of the balance. The Rio+20 conference has the triple objective of assessing 20 years of progress on sustainable development, securing a renewed political commitment and addressing emerging issues, such as rising urbanisation. 3 Second, there are also two themes, namely the Green Economy and an updated Framework to deliver this sustainable development. 4 What is Sustainable Development? Confronted with a heavy deterioration of the environment and a continuing need for economical development in the late 1980s, the task of the Brundtland Commission 5 was to unite countries in an effort to pursue sustainable development. In the — meanwhile famous — words of the Commission’s final report, this was defined as “meeting

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the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.” 6 In other words, it is to live a healthy and comfortable life, while ensuring that our children and grandchildren will also be able to enjoy the same living standards and conditions. This concept is generally split in three components or pillars: environmental, social and economical sustainability. 7 In times of climate change and loss of biodiversity, environmental sustainability is often getting a big part of the attention. We need to secure and restore our natural capital: reducing deforestation, implementing fishing quotas or even stops, switch to renewable sources of energy,... Like all things, a healthy environment is enjoyed better with people around you. Ever heard of the generations gap? Bridging this gap is part of preserving our social capital, the cohesion of our society and our ability to work together to meet individual and collective. This is called social sustainability. But these two aspects come at a cost of course, and often not a small one. The saying “there’s no such thing as a free lunch” is also true here. Environmentally and socially

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sustainable development must therefore also be economically sustainable. At the moment, our global economic growth model is increasingly leading to environmental and social degradation. Resources are extracted, processed, consumed and discarded faster than the planet can regenerate them — the most striking cases are minerals and fossil fuels — and both western as traditional societies are experiencing ever greater pressures. 8 We need to find a way to decouple these two aspects of our current development model, so economic development is no longer contrasting with environmental protection.

The role of youth So what about YOUth now? When you look at the popular Brundtland definition of sustainable development, you immediately see why this is so important for us, youth: “the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.” Already we are seeing the consequences of our economic model: fish stocks are getting depleted, the Amazon is still shrinking, species are dying out at alarming rates and we are pumping so much CO2 into the atmosphere that the climate is slowly overheating.


People’s houses are being flooded and destroyed by hurricanes, whole villages have to become refugees as water is running out in parts of Africa and tensions in the Middle East are reaching a new high because of increasing oil prices. „Anyone who believes in indefinite growth in anything physical, on a physically finite planet, is either mad - or an economist.“ — Kenneth Boulding, environmental advisor to U.S. president Kennedy

.

.

3. 4.

5. 6. . 8.

For youth this quote means two things. First, if nothing changes — and changes rather quickly — the situation will only get worse. Second, we have a responsibility, to ourselves, to our children and grandchildren, but also to the people that simply do not have the choice between survival and conservation, between economic well-being and care for the environment. A responsibility, first, to educate ourselves about these problems and then to do not just our best, but everything it takes to find solutions for them.

Agenda 21 is the action agenda of the United Nations related to sustainable development. Important for youth is the recognition of Children and Youth as one of the 9 so-called Major Groups, the representatives of civil society. Full text of Agenda 21: http://www. un.org/esa/dsd/agenda21/. The United Nations Millennium Development Goals (or MDGs) are a list of 8 goals to eradicate poverty and hunger, improve health of mothers and children, provide universal education and fight infectious diseases. They are to be achieved in 2015. http://en.wikipedia. org/wiki/Millennium_Development_Goals In 2009-2010, the AEGEE Flagship Project Beyond Europe focused largely on these 8 MDGs, organising Case Study Trips to India and South Africa and hosting a conference in Utrecht, the Netherlands: http://www.projects.aegee.org/beyondeurope/ Since 2009, more than 50% of the world population lives in cities, rising up to 70% by 2050. This evolution has severe environmental, societal, but also economical effects. The full names of the Rio+20 themes are (1) Green Economy in the Context of Sustainable Development and Poverty Eradication and (2) Institutional Framework for Sustainable Development. Named after the then Prime Minister of Norway, Gro Harlem Brundtland. Full text of the Brundtland Report: http://www.un.org/documents/ga/res/42/ares42-187. htm An overview: http://www.comarchitect.org/WebHelp/9_sustainable_development_definition.htm For an intriguing yet light introduction to this problem, watch the well-structured “Story of Stuff”: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gLBE5QAYXp8

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workshop friday 12.00—14.00 management

Learning Organizations and Sustainable Human Resources Management in AEGEE Antennas speaker speaker

Ahmet Eren Öztürk REC Turkey, AEGEE-Ankara Solla Zophoniasdottir Kaos Pilots

AEGEE Antennas have always been relying on voluntary human resources consisting of mainly students and young professionals, in order to make their operations real. There is generally a high rate of circulation of members within the antennas and this fact can be considered as an unsustainable way of human resources. Since AEGEE members work as professionals when they are creating events and projects, it is important to have their contribution as effective as possible. At this point, a sustainable and effective way of human resources and antenna/project management is required.

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Sustainable AEGEE Antennae & Network AEGEE antennas, board members and project/event coordinators can have a different way of thinking in terms of antenna/project/event management. This would enable antennas to be more living organisms by carrying the accumulated knowledge from the previous

events/projects and experience. In this way, AEGEE locals would create more effective projects for their society and European Youth. As mentioned earlier, AEGEE locals/ antennas rely on voluntary work which is generally circulating in a fast pace. How to implement these skills in the antennas and projects, in terms of organizational management, to a more sustainable AEGEE network?

Prepare with this material: •

Potential participants would watch the video of Göran Carstedt: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7d_ew6yQgR8

Five Disciplines of Organizational Learning by SoL: http://www.solonline.org/organizational_overview/

New Paradigm Consulting Appreciative Inquiry: http://www.new-paradigm.co.uk/Appreciative.htm

John Hayes – AI Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BqHeujLHPkw

Knowledge Café: http://knowledgecafe.care2share.wikispaces.net/Appreciative+Inquiry

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workshop friday 12.00—14.00 freedom of speech

Freedom of Speech: Activists or Terrorists Burcu Unluturk AEGEE-Ankara & student, Middle East Technical University. speaker

Freedom of expression, clearly, is the one of the human rights. As stated in The Declaration of Human Rights “Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.” Theoretically, this should be the case, because freedom of expression is a god-given right. However in reality, powerful and wealthy have all the tools to orient or direct our minds however they want.

Raising our voices Among the past years, it can easily be seen that, oppositional voice is rising towards the governments and their new regulations (or the older ones? (!)). We are raising our voices! Whether they let us or not is not a rhetorical question. They did not, do not and would not! The censorship, police brutality... However, it is clear that this could not be an obstacle! Actually, there is no need to ask if that will stop us! Obviously, not!

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When we examine many instances around the world, they give us clues how freedom of expression is disregarded or tried to be revoked as a basic right. In United States, students, who were protesting the tuition fees, were beaten and arrested by the police in March, 2011, for example. End of the year, the Occupy Wall Street protestors faced police brutality. To illustrate, in UC Davis, the police has made approximately 20 protesters sit down and has sprayed them with pepper spray directly in the eye. Another example comes from Caucasus: again in March, 2011, we heard that oppositional political activists were arrested, and treated badly in Azerbaijan, because of talking with mobile phone in public, sharing anti-governmental posts via facebook and so on. Russia, that may be the best illustration, when “freedom of expression” is the issue, there is no beginning or an end there. Where we should start, with the deaths of the journalists or closure of non-governmental organizations, is an endless point. For the homosexuals, and transsexuals, sadly, it is obvious, that they are treated badly; beaten, arrested, and killed since they want to live how they want to. When they stand up and do something about it, they got raped, killed… Not in a specific country, the whole world is facing this shame. These examples, from some countries, show us the reality of the violation of “freedom of

expression”. In order to be more specific, we should consider that issue within the framework of “youth”. In Europe, main actions have taken place after the Bologna Process. Until that time, students‘ riot were not taken seriously by the governments at first, but then things got out of control with reference to France, England, Spain, Greece... Youth began to raise their voice for their right to education. We are starting to change something; we are raising our voices as “youth”. Regarding of Turkey about that issue, all people mentioned in these examples are students from various universities and departments in Turkey. They all are arrested because they wanted to raise their voices and attended demonstrations, they were wearing the symbol of the ethnic group which they belong to, they were reading legally sold books, etc. The first case is called “The Hopa Trial” by the Turkish media. Hopa is a town in Black Sea Region. When the president of Turkey, R. Tayyip Erdogan, visited Hopa, people organized demonstrations against him because they did not want the hydroelectric plant to be constructed in the region. During these demons-

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trations many people injured, one man, Metin Lokumcu, died due to pepper spray, used excessively by the police forces. Afterwards, there were demonstrations against the police using violence on people in every way they can around Turkey. One of these demonstrations was in Ankara, in which 22 students were arrested and tortured in the police bus for 6 hours. In 09.12.2011, the Hopa trial took place in Ankara. Because the mainstream media did not even mention the case on TVs, we followed the ongoing from the tweets of the independent journalists, tweeting from the court. The trial was really very interesting. The students were accused of being members of terrorist organizations, which do not exist anymore and which are not classified as terrorist back then. The evidences of the trial were more interesting. The books that are present in the library of the prison they were kept were considered as evidences of a terror organization when they were found in the students’ houses. These books are in sale in every bookstore. They also told about the torture in the bus. They were handcuffed behind their back and could not move while the police were hitting them with their helmets, combat boots, bare hands and everything. Moreover, there is another case which was associated with two

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history students. Seyma Özcan and Deniz Küçükbumin, respectively. Seyma is studying in Bogaziçi University and arrested in 09.12.2011 with her flat mate and boyfriend who is studying at Istanbul University. Seyma was arrested, because she called a lawyer who was arrested and released before, to ask for an internship. Her flat mate and boyfriend, Deniz Küçükbumin, was arrested because he was working for the release of 6th issue of a leftist magazine, Devrimci Cephe. This magazine was legal and sold in the bookstores, indeed. Cihan Kırmızıgül’s case who is studying at Galatasaray University exemplifies another issue about expression of ethnic identity. He is in the F-type prison in Tekirdag for 15 months. He is Kurdish and he was arrested because he was wearing a pushi and he was in a demonstration according to an eye witness who recognized him from his regular brown eyes, while he was wearing pushi. In the trial the eyewitness stated that he was not the person he/she saw in the demonstration. The case is still open because the judge and the prosecutor insist that there is another case for which Cihan is arrested. However, that case has not yet arrived for the last two trials. In fact, Cihan’s next trial is postponed to 4 months later.


These cases are just examples of the arrested students from Turkey. There are many more and in total, they are over 500. They were arrested because they wanted to live in a free country, they care for the people who were violently hit and even killed by the police, and they wanted to raise their voices against all the actions violating human rights.

be solved immediately around the world. In order to fight for our future, we should focus on not only problems, but also solutions! No matter how, when and where human rights are violated, what matter is how to cope with this problem as “Youth”. What distinguishes “Youth“ from them is that we call them activists whereas governments call them terrorists!

Briefly, “Freedom of expression” has increasingly become one of vital and urgent issues which should

Further links to read: •

http://www.turkishny.com/english-news/5-english-news/72889-ricciardone-says-freedom-of-expression-is-of-crucial-importance

http://blog.amnestyusa.org/europe/turkish-troubles-freedom-of-expression-endangered-in-turkey/

http://www.ambafrance-uk.org/Freedom-of-speech-in-the-French.html

http://humanrightshouse.org/Articles/16057.html

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fZkRdH8-5P4&feature=related (video of the demonstrations and the brutality of the police when the Prime Minister visited METU)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6AdDLhPwpp4 (video of the police pepper spraying students during a demonstration)

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workshop saturday 10.30—12.30 youth policy

Youth Voice! Your Voice! Ways of influencing decision-making processes Diana Yolova Project Manager of Higher Education Days Project of AEGEE-Europe, Board Member of National Youth Forum of Bulgaria, Coordinator of international cooperation. speaker Luis Alvarado Martínez PR Manager of AEGEE-Academy; Network Commission, Coordinator for International Relations Las Palmas GC, European Youth Capital 2015. speaker Miguel Gallardo Albajar Honorary member AEGEE-Alicante, member of CIBIO, speaker of AEGEE-Academy. speaker

The workshop aims to give the AEGEE members an insight of the meaning of a National Youth Council (NYC), European Youth Forum (YFJ) and how to use it in order to make Youth Policy, in order to change people’s minds and hopefully positive changes will follow. It will give them platform for expressing their own experiences and observations, and raise their awareness of the most controversial points relevant to us.

Voice of the Youth In a situation when Europe and indeed the whole world is economically and financially not stable how much the leaders care for youth? Does youth can have a significant impact to the situation today? How about National Youth Councils? Are they really working? Why their structure is different?

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Are they the same in the different countries? How it started and can I get paid being in a NYC? The National Youth Councils are the tool that can give us space to show and use the power of YOUTH! Because we are young, active, open, provocative, enthusiastic, motivated and want it TODAY! The role of National Youth Councils is to be a link between the young citizens of each country and the decision makers, and also a resource center for the youth associations that will help them to train themselves and be more effective in achieving their objectives. However, Europe richness is based on diversity and also here we have differences from country to country, so we would like you to make a small research about the National Youth Council of your own country, who are their most important members, what has been their role in the past years, what are the most relevant projects and challenges they are facing now. Once feeling the beat of the life, every young person starts dreaming for better life, starts feeling the need of being active, of being valuable for the society. Being a volunteer could simply be identified as a spirit of the mind, but as a free spirit of the mind that gives you a reason and moreover a power to live. Being a

volunteer is a way of making a change. Change that may reflect to your future today, not tomorrow. But is this enough ? Are we so powerful to make those „changes“? No, we are not! But we can simply try to change the view of those who can make changes. And then the phrase of Norman Peale „Change your thoughts and you change your world.“ may be transformed to „change the decision makers thoughts and you will change the world“. The future depends on youth people, therefore they have to strive for a greater impact on the decision making process. Youth included as co-creators and partners in the delivery and governance of their future is already happening. Making a change is not so easy, but influencing the decision makers‘ view, changing their opinion is much more achievable. The National Youth Councils are the advocate, connector and enabler for Youth, they can develop a vibrant and supportive environment for youth who are inspired to dream and committed to action. The structure of an umbrella organization is one of the easiest ways to take part into the decision-making process.

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workshop saturday 15.00—17.00 freedom of speech

European Culture, Values, and Freedom of Speech in Hungary Beata Matuszka AEGEE-Budapest, Network Commission speaker Szabolcs Kerekes AEGEE-Budapest, student of Eötvös Loránd University speaker

The core values of European Union are the human dignity, freedom, democracy, equality, the rule of law and the respect for human rights. According to the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU, we have the right to freedom of expressions, to hold opinion, and to receive information and ideas without interference by public authority. Moreover, „the freedom and pluralism of the media shall be respected.” Even though not all of us are EU members but we are all AEGEE and following the same principles which make us true Europeans. What are the values in your life? Do we have the same ones? Do you consider the free press one of them? If you are interested in the history of values, policies and media of a transition country, you are interested in the controversial and internationally criticised Media law and the European comparisons then we are waiting for you to join our workshop!

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Information for preparation: Hungary‘s Parliament passed the new Media Law on December 21, 2010, despite international criticism that the legislation is tantamount to state censorship. Opponents complain the legislation renders journalists vulnerable to intimidation from Prime Minister Viktor Orbán‘s administration, primarily because it empowers authorities to impose heavy fines on news outlets for vague infractions such as „infringing on human dignity.“ Critics include Hungarian and foreign journalists, political groups, civil organizations, the governments of EU member states and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe. • Read more at: http://www.riskandforecast.com/post/hungary/the-newhungarian-media-law-evaluation-and-summary_645.html •

European Parliament resolution on media law in Hungary at: http:// www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=MOTION&reference=B 7-2011-0099&language=EN

Hungary‘s new media law, which requires all media to register as such and provide „balanced“ coverage of national and EU events, was debated by the Civil Liberties and the Culture committees in Strasbourg on Monday. Some MEPs urged Hungary to withdraw the law immediately, whilst others urged it to wait until the European Commission has assessed its compatibility with EU legislation and fundamental rights. Justice minister Tibor Navracsics promised to amend it if necessary. •

To read more: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/news/hu/pressroom/ content/20110117IPR11813/html/Hungarian-media-law-sparks-controversy-at-the-European-Parliament

A resolution on the Hungarian media law adopted by the liberal, socialist, green and communist groups of the European Parliament is pointless and only serves political purposes, MEP Simon Busuttil, EPP Group Coordinator in the Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE) Committee of the EP said on the group’s website. •

Check: http://www.politics.hu/20110314/european-parliament-resolution-on-hungarian-media-law-pointless-maltese-mep-says/

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Hungary’s new media law conforms to European Union guidelines, head of the National Media and Infocommunications Authority (NMHH) Annamaria Szalai told a conference organised by the association of Electronic Electronic Press Association in Budapest on Wednesday. •

At: http://www.politics.hu/20110317/media-authority-head-says-lawconforms-to-european-union-guidelines/

Reporters Without Borders takes note of the amendments to Hungary’s controversial media lawthat the parliament adopted yesterday. However, despite positive movement on some of the worst aspects of the legislation, the core of the problem remains, since the composition and attributions of the all-powerful Media Council remain unchanged. http://en.rsf.org/hongrie-hungary-s-media-law-is-08-03-2011,39721.html

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workshop saturday 10.30—12.30 european crisis

Where does economy end (and the EU start)? speaker

Alperen Yavuz AEGEE-Istanbul, Istanbul Technical Uni-

versity. Perçin Imrek AEGEE-Çanakkale, University of Brügge. Alperen and Perçin are part of the AEGEE Where does Europe end project. speaker

The workshop will be mainly focused on the current situation in Europe, the challenges, threats and opportunities that the European crisis brought. We will talk about the solidarity in Europe and discuss what kind of direction the EU should draw. We will also touch the societal level of this situation, seeing how much the crisis affected the societies and which consequences can we observe in these days.

Crisis and the EU With the crisis of the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) continuing, the defects of its construction are coming to light. For decades, the focus had been solely on economic integration. Successful projects such as the creation of the single market and the introduction of the common currency stand in sharp contrast to the shortcomings with regard to macroeconomic coordination, as well as the comparably slow development of the European Union’s social dimension. The resulting heterogeneous socio-economic

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development is reflected in high balance of payments deficits and surpluses and increasing inequality. Whatever the reason is, the fact is that there is a crisis going on now, and the EU needs clear leadership and transparency from all sides to survive from it. With many countries blaming each other, such as Germany blaming Greece for profligacy and Greece blaming Germany for being un-fair, the leaders are not being a good example to their societies with their attitudes. Seeing their leaders like that, many citizens are having the idea ‘why should I pay for them?‘   It would be too easy to blame the high level of public debt in many EU Member States – and especially in the countries of the south-western European periphery with their liquidity crises – on unrestrained public budget policies and high unit labor costs.   The EU has three ways to get out of this situation.  

.

.

3.

To fracture, so the countries depend on intergovernmental cooperation rather than community. EU will draw a smaller circle and continue working with a smaller group of member states. EU will cooperate and get out of this situation by cooperation, mutual sacrifices and with constructive steps.

With the cohesion policy, most of the EU’s budget is spent on giving aid to poorer EU countries, for future development. But richer member states are not at total loss, while they profit a lot by making trade with Eastern countries and setting up their businesses there. As a result, we see that EU countries are too small to work by themselves, especially in this increasingly becoming multi-polar world. Therefore EU needs cooperation, especially in these hard times.  

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training saturday 10.30—13.30 project management

From goals to follow-up: first steps in project management speaker

Katja Behrendt AEGEE-Aachen with cooperation from

AEGEE-Academy and the Summer University Coordination Team.

There is something you always wanted to organize in your Antenna but you don’t know how? Here at the EBM you met some people that are interested in the same topic and you would like to make a project out of it but you don’t know how to start? No problem, in this Workshop we will help you. With the support of the Academy and the Summer University Coordination Team you will learn the phases to project management, what a team contract is, how you plan tasks and time, what to do if something goes wrong and that the end of your project is not actually the last day but the evaluation and follow-up. And to practice, you will plan how to organize AEGEE´s favourite project, a Summer University! We are looking forward to go the first steps in project management together with you!

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FILM SCREENINGS on SUNDAY LIFECYCLE The Holstee Manifesto 10.00 – 10.05 ‘’Short and clear; This is your life!’’ The Holstee Manifesto is a call to action to live a life filled with purpose, creativity, passion and community. The „LifeCycle Film“ arose from the desire to bring to life the energy and passion contained in the Manifesto through something they love: cycling.

GREEK UPRISINGS Director: Christos Georgiou 10.05 – 11.00 ‘’In memory of Alexis Grigoropoulos who was shot by the policemen during Greece uprisings in December 2008.’’ As the financial crisis weighs heavily on Greece, the country seems trapped in a cycle of violence. But discontent over the misuse of power has long been simmering. Greek youths reflect on how the killing of a teenager by police changed their lives.

CAUCASUS TRIANGLE Director: Letizia Gambini 11.10 – 12.00 ‘’Current situation in Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia and the problems that active youth has to face on their way to free and equal society.’’ A documentary on youth media and democracy in Armenia, Georgia and Azerbaijan. The film touches such issues as human rights, youth activism, culture and politics of mentioned regions.

MY CHILD Director: Can Candan 12.10 – 12.30 ‘’Where parents of lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans-gender individuals in Turkey intimately share their experiences with the viewer, as they redefine what it means to be parents, family, and activists in conservative, homophobic, and trans-phobic societies.’’ My Child is a feature documentary film which is expected to be complete in 2012.

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Partners of AEGEE-Europe

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AGENDA for the EBM Izmir 2012

Thursday, 9.02. REGISTRATION DAY 09:00 – 18:00 10:00 – 18:00 11:00 – 14:00 14. 30- 15.30 15:30- 17.00

Registration hosting Local Registration AEGEE-Europe City Tour Local Language Course „Introduction to AEGEE’s Thematic World & The new EBM Concept“

17:00 – 18:00 City Tour 19:30 Opening Ceremony

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Friday, 10.02. 07:30 – 08:30 Breakfast 09:00 – 10:30 Opening Plenary • Words of welcome • Attendance list • Presentation of the agenda • Presentation of the Strategic Plan • Presentation of the current Action Agenda • Presentation of external partners and speakers • Presentation of Sessions of the day 10:30 – 12:00 AEGEE Fair – with coffee break 12:00 – 14:00 WORKSHOPS I • Human Rights: “Conscientious objection, militarism and the impacts on society” with Mine Kanol, EBCO -European Bureau for Conscientious Objection • Enlargement: ’’An undefined adventure of direction : Turkey’’ with Percin Imrek & Alperen Yavuz, Where Does Europe End Project Team • Youth Participation: ’’Freedom of Speech: Activists or Terrorists? ’’ with Burcu Ünlütürk, AEGEE-Ankara • Sustainable Development: “Learning Organizations and Sustainable Human Resources Management in AEGEE Antennae’’ with Ahmet Eren Öztürk, REC Turkey, Blekinge Institute of Technology

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Friday, 10.02. PART 2 14:00 – 15:00 Lunch (with AEGEE-Europe registration) 15.00- 16.00 Start up Plenary • Explanation of the methodology • Introduction of the Action Meetings 16:00 – 16:30 Brainstorming phase 16:30 – 17:30 Action Meetings I • Brainstorming objectives • Drafting objectives, part I 18:00 – 20:00 Panel Discussion ‘’Caucasus Triangle, Solution is the Civic Dialogue’’ Speaker: • Dr. James Skelly , Visiting Professor of Peace Studies Magee College, University of Ulster, Coordinator for Peace & Justice Programming, and Resident Director, Ireland for BCA • Doc. Dr. Rasim Özgür Dönmez, Abant Izzet Baysal University, Department of International Relations • Arzu Geybullayeva, Co Director of IMAGINE, expert on Caucasus Conflict Resolution 20:30 Dinner

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Saturday, 11.02. 07:30 – 08:30 Breakfast 9:00 – 10:30 Briefing plenary: Presentation of the yesterday’s results (with exhibition of drafted objectives on the walls, open for post-it comments) 10:30 - 13:30 Objectives development 10:30 – 12:00 Action Meetings II Collecting feedback Drafting objectives, part II 12:00 -12:30 Coffee Break / Ideas exchange 12.30-13.30 Action Meetings III Finalizing objectives proposals 10:30 - 12:30 Workshops II (in parallel to Action development) • Sustainability: “Rio+20 and youth participation” - Mathieu Soete (Environmental Working Group), Ivana Savic (Major Group for Children and Youth) • Human rights and active citizenship: “Stand up for democracy in Belarus” - Pauline Gessant (JEF Europe – Young European Federalists) • Education: “International Education in Europe: policy, reality & the future by you”- Joran van Aart (Study Portals) • Where does economy end (and EU start)?” – Perçin Imrek, Alperen Yavuz (Where Does Europe End Project Team) • Multilingualism: “Europe and languages: communication, rights, diversity” Nico Huurman (European Day of Languages Project, TEJO - World Organisation of Young Esperantists) • Education Policies: ’’Bologna Process’’ - Thomas Leszke (Education Working Group) & Ilyas Ülgür (Coordinator of Erasmus Programme & Bologna Experts in Turkish National Agency) • Youth Participation: ’’Youth Voice! Your Voice! Ways of Influencing Decision Making Processes’’ Diana Yolova (Representative of National Youth Forum of Bulgaria), Miguel Gallardo Albajar & Luis Alvarado Martinez (AEGEEAcademy)

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Saturday, 11.02. PART 2

10:30 – 13:30 Training: ‘’ From Goals to Follow-up’’ Project Management – Katja Behrendt (AEGEE-Aachen) in cooperation with AEGEE Academy & SUCT 13:30 – 14:30 Lunch 14:30 – 16:30 Panel Discussion ‘’Non-Formal Education: A solution to (youth) unemployment’’ Speaker: • Prof. Dr. H. Gül Turan, President of EMI Turkey, Head of School of Applied Science in Okan University. • Peter Matjasic, President of European Youth Forum - YFJ • Dr. Bahadır Kaleagası, TUSIAD - Turkish Industry & Business, Association Representation to the EU and BUSINESSEUROPE, The Confederation of European Business 17:00 – 17:30 Coffee Break Book signing of ‘’ G20 Gezegeni’’ by Bahadır Kaleagası 17:30 – 18:45 Spotlight: Turkey’s accession to the EU Speaker: Kader Sevinç, Presidency member of the PES (Party European Socialists) - The representative of Republican People’s party – CHP- for the EU Speaker: Representatives of Republic of Turkey, Ministry for EU Affairs 18:45–20:00 Plenary • Presentation of the results of the Action Meetings • Questions and comments • Presentation of the Workshops of the next day • Presentation of the Action Meetings of the next day 20.00 Dinner

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22:00 – „24:00“ Cultural European Night


Sunday, 12.02. 08:30 – 09:30 Breakfast 9:30 – 10:00 Briefing Plenary 10:00 – 13:30 Action Meetings IV Drafting activities, part I 10:00 – 13:30 Screenings (in parallel to Action meeting IV) • 10.00- 10.05 ‘’Lifecycle’’ • 10.05-11.00: ‘’Greek Uprisings ‘’ • 11.10-12.00: ‘’Caucasus Triangle’’ • 12.10-12.30: ‘’ My Child’’ 13:30 – 15:00 Lunch ( Informal Comité Directeur Candidates Meeting) 15:00 – 17:00 Action Meetings V Drafting activities, part II Workshops III • Freedom of Speech: ’’European Culture, Values, and Freedom of Speech in Hungary’’ with Beata Matuszka, Network Commission & Szabolcs Kerekes, AEGEE-Budapest • Social Inclusion: ’’Rainbow Ribbons. Embracing diversity. ’’ Eline de Graaf (AEGEE- Leiden), Kathrin Renner (AEGEE-Passau) & Mustafa Erdogan (SALTO representative) Closing plenary 18:00 – 20:00 • Presentation of the results of the Action Meetings • Questions and comments • Signing CdA • Explanation of the procedure until the Spring Agora • Presentation of the Spring Agora and the Autumn Agora • Closing Dinner 20:00

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Map of the AEGEE Fair

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Map of the AEGEE Fair

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European Boards‘ Meeting Izmir 2012 AEGEE-Izmir & AEGEE-Europe www.ebmizmir.org www.aegee.org

AEGEE / European Students‘ Forum 2012 booklet designed by

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Georg Rehberger, AEGEE–München

EBMEBM Izmir Booklet  

EBM Izmir Booklet

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