LE ARN FRO M T HE PAST TO E MB R ACE TH E F U TU R E - R OOTS A ND P RESE N T B RA N CH ES OF CBT
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CONGRESS MAGAZINE N I C E TO K N OW GET TO KNOW THE PEOPLE BEHIND EABCT: BOARD, REPS, KEYNOTES AND ORGANIZERS WELCOME TO SWEDEN AND STOCKHOLM! 16 PAGES OF USEFUL READING FOR THE TOURIST EXHAUSTIVE INFO ON THE EXTENSIVE SOCIAL PROGRAMME A TRIBUTE TO STEN RÃ–NNBERG - THE SWEDISH GRAND MASTER OF CBT JOANNE DAHL ON PREJUDICE AND HOW TO COUNTERACT IT
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CONGRESS MAGAZINE This magazine is published by the Organizing Committee of EABCT2016 - a collaboration between The Swedish Association of Behaviour Therapy (SABT) and the Swedish Association for Cognitive and Behavioural Therapies (SACBT).
EDITOR IN CHIEF Frida Gustafsson
CONTRIBUTORS OF TEXT Björn Paxling, Frida Gustafsson, Kristoffer NT Månsson, Erica Skagius Ruiz, Olof Molander, Marie Brorell, Olof Johansson, Daniel Björkander, Albin Josefsson, Jens Driessen, Katja Sjöblom, Maria Lagerlöf, Nils Isacsson, Malin Fröberg, Dan Katz, Cecilia Svanborg, JoAnne Dahl, Anneli von Cederwald ART DIRECTION Staffan Lager, staffanlager.se PRINT Printfabriken Karlskrona
INDEX 4 . . . . . . . . . . . Welcome from the Steering Committee 5 . . . . . . . . . . . A beginners guide to EABCT2016 7 . . . . . . . . . . . EABCT - more than an annual congress 8 . . . . . . . . . . . . Get to know the Swedish CBT associations 10 . . . . . . . . . . . . The EABCT board 14 . . . . . . . . . . . . The EABCT reps 18 . . . . . . . . . . . . The people behind the congress 23 . . . . . . . . . . . . A special thanks to 24 . . . . . . . . . . . . EABCT2016 Expo 26 . . . . . . . . . . . . The Timeline 28 . . . . . . . . . . . . EABCT2016 Social interaction 30 . . . . . . . . . . . . Social programme 42 . . . . . . . . . . . . The Grand Ship Vasa 46 . . . . . . . . . . . . Welcome to Sweden 52 . . . . . . . . . . . . Discover Stockholm 58 . . . . . . . . . . . . More to see in Sweden 62 . . . . . . . . . . . . The keynote speakers of EABCT2016 71 . . . . . . . . . . . . Stockholm Psychiatry Lectures 72 . . . . . . . . . . . . A tribute to Sten Rรถnnberg 75 . . . . . . . . . . . . I CBT 76 . . . . . . . . . . . . Joanne Dahl on the concept of prejudice 78 . . . . . . . . . . . . The values of EABCT2016 80 . . . . . . . . . . . . Psychology in podcasts
WELCOME TO THE EABCT2016 CONGRESS MAGAZINE! Here we will take you behind-the-scenes, and highlight some of the unique aspects of this year’s EABCT congress. The EABCT is much more than an annual congress, and we want to introduce you to some of the people working hard for EABCT as well. Taking part of an international CBT congress is a social experience, so you can read more on how we have worked to increase social interaction at the congress centre. Trying to be a bit more personal, the people in the organising committee have also given their personal recommendations about how to enjoy your stay in Stockholm. This, and much else, can be found in the pages ahead.
important in forming current CBT, and where are we headed? The congress invites you all to ponder these questions, to discuss them with each other, and of course also to make history together during our days together in Stockholm. A famous Swede, Alfred Nobel, read his own premature obituary while still alive, where it said that he was condemned for profiting from the sales of arms. Nobel decided to try to make up for this by bequeathing his fortune to institute the Nobel Prizes for outstanding contributions for humanity. We could all learn from this way of facing adversity and trying to better ourselves, and we often experience that our CBT community is especially good at this. We tend to be very critical of each other’s research and ways of delivering treatment, and when delivered in a respectful way this internal criticism makes us all better. This is one of the main reasons we are so passionate about CBT, that we have room for and value heated debate in our community. We hope to see much passion for CBT, in all it’s forms, during the congress.
The Scientific Program of the EABCT2016 congress really speaks for itself. As congress organiser I am very proud of the work of our Scientific Committee, and we are certain that there is much for everyone coming to the congress in the vast program. With the theme of the congress, Roots and present branches of CBT, we have asked ourselves some hard questions. Where did the history of CBT really begin, which events have been most
- Steering Committee for EABCT2016
HELP! HOW DOES IT ALL WORK? A beginner’s guide to EABCT2016 Does reading the congress program make you stressed out? Wondering how you’ll find your way around the congress centre, and how to socialize with well over a thousand CBTinterested participants in just half a week’s time? Want to maximise your learning and be able to relax and enjoy Stockholm as well? It can be difficult, especially if it’s your first major international CBT-congress, to figure out how everything works and how to get the most out of your days in Stockholm. But don’t worry, we are here to help. Below you find five recommendations on how to get the most out of EABCT2016 and still have a great time.
ones. Quite a few of the halls house only 30 participants. Particularly the “Meet the expert”-sessions are expected to fill up quickly. If you’re not the kind of person who enjoys surprising yourself by walking into unknown territory, you will benefit from having plan b’s for what you want to do. Remember that the larger rooms will have extra seats almost throughout the entire time, so sessions here will be a safe option if your first hand choice is a no-go.
EVERYONE FEELS A LITTLE BIT LOST Stressed and confused? You are not alone. And, it’s not all that strange really. Getting a grip on everything that is happening can be tricky, and so can deciding what you really want to get out of the congress. Maybe you’re the kind of person who thoroughly researches the congress centre map beforehand and makes a detailed schedule on everything you want to see, do and experience? If not, it’s probably best to just work with self-compassion and tell yourself that it’s normal to feel lost every now and then. And, didn’t someone say that crises, small or large, are important steps towards growth?
YOU CAN’T DO EVERYTHING At some point, you’ll realize that it’s impossible to do everything. If the scientific program would be given in a single stream instead of in 16-20 parallel sessions, it would constitute three to four month’s consecutive daytime learning opportunities. You will need to make some tough choices.
TRY A LITTLE BIT OF EVERYTHING It doesn’t matter if it’s your first or your fiftieth major CBT congress, don’t just stick to what you already know! The congress offers ample choices of research reports as well as more clinically oriented sessions, where the most experienced but also the up-and-coming talents will present their work. Naturally you want as much new
If something in the program is especially important to you, we recommend that you turn up outside said lecture hall early, especially if it takes place in one of the smaller 5
information about your field of interest as possible, but there is also a lot to gain in moving outside your comfort zone, where your learning curve will be a lot steeper and the sessions have a potential to be both more demanding and rewarding. Below you find a very useful glossary covering the different types of items on the congress itinerary.
would be the people behind the booths in the exhibition hall or the people presenting their posters – they are eagerly waiting to socialize with you.
RECOVER To sum up, we recommend you to maximise your congress experience by having plan b’s in the schedule, by trying out new things and topics, by accepting feeling a bit lost, and by socialising as much as you can. How can you make this practically possible? Well, by balancing it with recovering activities. We know that what constitutes a recovering activity differs from person to person, and thus we have aimed at providing a range of opportunities for you to charge your batteries in a way that suits you best. For your brain to work optimally, some physical exercise usually does the trick, so why not come along for one of the morning runs or an acroyoga class? Contrary to what some might think, it’s ok to take a congress break. Why not ask the people from Visit Sweden which is the most beautiful stroll by the water, or which museum or restaurant is the most relaxing? Or, you can stay in the lounge area of the congress centre and spend some time with this magazine.
SOCIALIZE Running from session to session during the days and continuing to run during off-congress hours trying to experience Stockholm guarantees an intense and rewarding week, but at the cost of missing out on an important part of the congress – the social aspect. With that many CBT-interested people gathered under one roof, you have every chance in the world to make a new friend. The congress has been designed to maximise the possibility for interacting in many ways: relaxed coffee break chitchat about something interesting written on your fellow visitors’ name tag, personal discussions in the social wing of the congress centre, or sharing CBT-history with someone while browsing the historical exposition. Pro tip: the so-called low hanging social fruits during the congress
Multiple presentations on a single or related clinical or research area, given by researchers from one or several collaborating research groups.
Clinical case discussion illustrating a specific clinical problem. For example: A clinical case is being presented for 15-20 minutes and each expert provides their opinion for 5-8 minutes. The remaining time is set aside for debate and questions from the audience.
Sponsors and exhibitors want to interact with you; answer questions about what they have to offer, present newly published books, discuss interesting future congresses, and much more.
Open paper symposia Symposia consisting of a number of presentations that the congress organizers have grouped together since they share a more or less coherent/overlapping theme. The presentations are on a clinical, theoretical or research topic with a typical time allocation of 15-20 minutes.
Panel discussions Experts provide a brief statement of their position on a specific clinical or theoretical issue or topic, and then debate differences in opinion, controversial issues etc. The discussions are led by a chairperson
Posters Visual presentations exhibiting both clinical and research issues/trials. Poster sessions are scheduled throughout the congress, and there are opportunities for presenters to discuss their poster with delegates in between other sessions, and during coffee and lunch breaks.
Meet the expert Smaller and more informal sessions where an expert in a field engages in discussion with the participants.
Workshops Lectures covering the most important information in a specific field, combined with clinically/ practically oriented interactive parts in which you can expect to learn new skills.
Keynote session Experts in a field present a background and/or information about where the field is currently at and where it’s headed. Keynote speakers have been selected with regard to their vast experience in a specific field, as well as to great presentation skills.
The EABCT – more than an annual congress While the EABCT is mostly known for large annual congresses, there is so much else going on. An increasing number of associations are applying to join the EABCT, different projects are being financed and experiences are being exchanged. In the following pages you will get to know more about the EABCT board, the representatives of EABCT’s member associations, the host associations of this year’s EABCT congress, and some of the many EABCT heroes.
EABCT2016 background For many years the two associations were developed in parallel without explicit collaborations. However, as CBT developed extensively, the two CBT associations have become closer in recent years. Importantly, the
The Importance of the EABCT Annual Congress in Sweden 2016 There are several reasons as to why the current EABCT congress in Stockholm is important. First and foremost, this congress is a hallmark in Swedish history of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, being the first international meeting organized jointly by The Swedish Association of Behaviour Therapy (Beteendeterapeutiska föreningen) and The Swedish Association of Cognitive and Behavioural Therapies (Svenska föreningen för Kognitiva och Beteendeinriktade terapier). The associations have become close companions in recent years, although this has not always been the case.
This congress is a hallmark in Swedish history of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy ‹‹ accelerated collaboration seen today was enabled because both associations have been members of the European Association for Behavioural and Cognitive Therapies (EABCT).
The Establishment of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy in Sweden
First collaborative meeting in 2012
CBT was introduced in Sweden from two directions: 1) Behaviour therapy in the 1970s, due to the efforts of Professor Sten Rönnberg and Professor Lars-Göran Öst, with its roots in academic psychology and clinical psychology, and 2) Cognitive therapy in the 1980s through the efforts of Professor Carlo Perris, Dr Hjördis Perris and Dr Astrid Palm-Beskow based on the needs in clinical psychiatry. This history is today reflected in the fact that there are two Swedish associations for CBT.
In 2011, the two Swedish CBT associations initiated a discussion with the aim to jointly organize a meeting. A year later, the two-day conference named CBT-days at Rival in Stockholm took place. The meeting was an instant success with more than 46 presentations, and well over 400 registrations (some of you may have noticed that after this year’s EABCT congress you are all invited to meet at Rival for after-congress hangout). Soon after the 2012 meeting the steering committee for EABCT2016 was formed with members from our two associations. Hence, in August 2016, the cognitive and behavioural approach to CBT share the same roof and we genuinely hope it will stay this way in Sweden.
Both associations have had a great significance in training therapists during the pioneer period, and currently safeguarding training standards for courses in CBT. 7
Get to know the Swedish CBT associations
The Swedish Association of Behaviour Therapy
The Swedish Association for Cognitive and Behavioural Therapies
The Swedish Association of Behaviour Therapy (SABT) was founded in 1971 during a course in behaviour modification, conducted at the Stockholm University and led by Professor Sten Rönnberg. Under the leadership of Professor Sten Rönnberg, the newly established Swedish association took part in the first European Congress of Behaviour Therapy in Munich, Germany in 1971. This congress was also the starting point for the European Association of Behaviour Therapy, which was established the same year.
The predecessor to the Swedish Association for Cognitive and Behavioural Therapies (SACBT) was called the Swedish Association for Cognitive Psychotherapy and Research (Svenska föreningen för Kognitiv Psykoterapi och Forskning), which was founded in 1986 by Professor Carlo Perris and his colleagues. The name changed in 2006, motivated by the Carlo Perris rapid development of CBT, which can now be regarded as an umbrella designation for a number of theories and treatment models, which are usually integrated in clinical practice.
The new Swedish association of Behaviour Therapy quickly established their own scientific journal: Beteendeterapi (Behaviour Therapy) introduced the same year as the association was founded. The journal has changed its name several times since. The current name is Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, it is now one of the world’s oldest journal in its field and an important part of the association’s activity in international research. From the very beginning to the present day SABT has worked to promote the dissemination of information about behaviour therapy and cognitive behaviour therapy in Sweden. Through the efforts of Professor Lars-Göran Öst, the syllabus for therapist training used in SABT was approved by the Swedish National Agency for Higher Education and the National Board of Health and Welfare in 1988. SABT has grown steadily since its humble beginnings, with an initial membership in 1972 of 150 members to its present number of about 1000.
In 1980-81 Professor Perris and his colleagues initiated a training programme in cognitive therapy for the treatment staff at the psychiatric clinic at Umeå University Hospital. The background was the closure of the large mental hospital and a desire to be able to develop psychological treatment models that could be applied to psychiatric patients. The development of cognitive therapy in Sweden
Photo: Hjördis Perris
Several “Roots” gathered at one of the first congresses of cognitive therapy in Umeå, Sweden, 1986. In this picture you find among others Lars-Gunnar Lundh, Anna Kåver, David M Clark, Christine Padesky, Aaron Beck, Brian Shaw, Carlo Perris, Art Freeman, Lino Covi and Jeff Young. Recognize them?
in Gothenburg, run by Dr Astrid Palm-Beskow, and the Swedish Institute for Cognitive Psychotherapy (Svenska Institutet för Kognitiv Psykoterapi) in Stockholm, originally run by Professor Carlo Perris and Dr Hjördis Perris, now by Poul Perris. SACBT consists of about 900 members. The association is open to trained therapists and other professionals with a particular interest in the area. The association does not admit non-professionals as members. All members have equal voting rights. Among the members, just over 350 have been authorised as accredited psychotherapists with a focus on CBT. The association is organized as a national organisation with five regional groups.
was made possible by contact with Dr Aaron T. Beck in Philadelphia, USA. Vital contributions to this training programme were also made by Professor Art Freeman. One result of these efforts was that a complete 3-year training programme in cognitive therapy was officially approved by the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare in 1991. SACBT has continued to maintain a strong link to psychiatric care with courses in cognitive therapy in association with psychiatric clinics and treatment homes. Two private training institutions have been of great importance: the Centre for Cognitive Therapy and Education (Center för Kognitiv Terapi och Utbildning)
Want to know more about the work behind the congress? Visit the blog “Roots of EABCT2016” on the congress website! http://eabct2016.org/roots_of_eabct2016/
The EABCT board – who they are and what they want EABCT brings together 52 individual associations and has over 25,000 individual clinicians and researchers in its membership, but is led by a small group consisting of six persons; the Board of Directors. The Association Manager is employed and stationed at the EABCT office in Utrecht, while the other directors (President, Secretary, Treasurer, Scientific Coordinator and Training Coordinator) are elected at General Meetings. We had a chance to ask some of the board members some questions about their way to and work in the board.
As the treasurer my responsibilities are mainly the finances, budget plans and review of the expenses. Also, it is my responsibility to keep track of the EABCT projects currently running. One of the many good things with the EABCT projects is that we can help and encourage developing countries, within Europe but also in Africa. Moreover, I’m the treasurer for the 9th World Congress of Behaviour and Cognitive Therapy to be held in Berlin in 2019.
What is your role in EABCT, and what are you working on right now?
As Honorary Secretary of EABCT it is my role to prepare for meetings and ensure that minutes are kept. However, much of the administration is carried out by our office manager, Dinie Naezer-Herschopp, and we could not manage the association without her. I also review applications for membership, and at the moment, we have two applications which are being considered; one where voting will take place on membership at the Annual General Meeting, and another expression of interest from an Association which intends to apply. I also work on internal communications, and the Editorial Board for the Newsletter will meet during the congress in Stockholm. We also look at ways of sharing information from individual associations, and encouraging all the EABCT reps to share their news and events with us.
I’m the President of EABCT. Managing a very large organization like EABCT can be very demanding. My utmost priority, of course, is that the Association is run smoothly and that the needs of our Member Associations are met in the best way possible. At the same time, I consider as top priority the implementation of our strategic plan, which has set new important goals in the areas of organization, communication, training and accreditation.
I am the training coordinator with my main responsibilities of directing the Working Group on Training Standards as well as the Accreditation Committee. Right now, we have the usual work like processing accreditation requests but also some new projects such as initiating a mobile academy which will provide CBT training to places and countries where CBT is hard to get at this time.
How did you end up in the EABCT board?
In some ways it was simply that I accepted a nomination in 2011 to become Secretary, and was elected unopposed by the EABCT Representatives at the EABCT Congress in Reykjavik. However, in other ways, I could say that the journey has taken many years. I
The EABCT board members
DINIE NAEZER-HEERSCHOP Association Manager (Netherlands)
THOMAS HEIDENREICH Training Coordinator (Germany)
TK THOMAS KALPAKOGLOU President (Greece)
KRISTOFFER NT MÃ…NSSON Treasurer (Sweden)
HM HELEN MACDONALD Secretary (United Kingdom)
PIERRE PHILIPPOT Scientific Coordinator (Belgium) 11
Photo: Björn Paxling
EABCT board at 1GM meeting in Stockholm, March 2016. From left: Pierre Philippot, Kristoffer NT Månsson, Thomas Kalpakoglou, Thomas Heidenreich, Dinie Naezer-Heerschop.
have had an interest in international communication and cooperation since before I started working in CBT. In fact, I did think I wanted to work in the European Parliament while studying French, before I discovered Psychology. I think my role now is sometimes similar! Once I was in training, I first worked in CBT in an isolated rural area in
of BABCP, where I am based. I was elected Chair of the Branch about 17 years ago. From there, I was nominated to the national committee of BABCP, and then was elected Honorary Secretary of the association for a few years. I was then asked to become EABCTs representative for BABCP. I was delighted at the opportunity. After 3 years, I was asked if I would accept the nomination to the Board. You will see that I have spent quite a bit of time on committees!
It is exciting to think about how to facilitate people in attending scientific meetings and trainings, especially where economic circumstances, language or geography make this a challenge ‹‹
My association, DGVT from Germany, reentered EABCT in 1999. Since then, I have been a national representative and gotten more and more involved. Becoming a member of the EABCT board provided (and provides) an opportunity to get more involved than by being a rep.
In 2010 a became the representative for the Swedish Association for Cognitive and Behavioral Therapies and soon thereafter I initiated a EABCT project on supervision within the Nordic countries. Together with Björn Paxling from the Swedish Association for Behavior Therapy I also initiated the work with the current EABCT congress. After a few years of serving the EABCT I was asked if I was willing to be nominated to the role of treasurer in the board.
Wales, and decided to revive the local ‘branch’ of BABCP. This was mostly for selfish reasons, since I wanted to have the opportunity to share ideas and support with other CBT therapists, and the nearest CBT person was probably more than 60 kilometres away at the time. I moved to England some years ago now, and was soon taking part in the committee for the Yorkshire Branch
My involvement in EABCT started in 1997 as a representative of the Greek Association for Behavioural Modification (GBA). When the organizational structure of EABCT underwent a major reform in the early 00’s, I joined the working group on training standards that soon concluded the work on training and accreditation. I was first elected at the Board as Training Coordinator in 2007 and held that post for six years, also serving as interim Secretary during the last year of my second term in office. In 2013, I was elected at the post of Treasurer and held that post for two years. In the meantime, I was elected at the post of President in 2014.
I really think we can make a difference and help developing countries by advancing the field of CBT in mental health issues. I look forward to continuing on this path and further develop these strategies. For instance, Thomas Kalpakoglous and Thomas Heidenreichs work on the Mobile Academy is an excellent example.
I believe that our strategic plan will gradually bring many innovative changes that will upgrade the overall role of EABCT in Europe. We aim to offer additional scientific platforms to CBT therapists and researchers, encourage active participation beyond our annual congress by making use of the new “digital era”, support CBT training in areas where it isneeded by initiating the “mobile academy” and strengthen the value of the EABCT accreditation for CBT therapists and supervisors throughout Europe.
Is there anything in the EABCT that you think is especially interesting at the moment?
I am particularly interested in development of the ‘Mobile Academy’ and enhancing the links we have within Europe and further afield. It is exciting to think about how to facilitate people in attending scientific meetings and trainings, especially where economic circumstances, language or geography make this a challenge. Finding ways of delivering CBT, and quality training for therapists is something I am particularly hoping to contribute to.
Do you have any special greetings or recommendations for the participants of this year’s EABCT congress?
I would like to say ‘welcome’ to everyone who attends, and please introduce yourself to me if you see me around! There is so much hard work; organisation; creativity and good humour that has gone into arranging the congress, I think it will be an excellent opportunity to learn from each other; develop networks and renew friendships, and have some fun too. See you there!
There are a lot of interesting developments but what I think most important at the moment is the spirit of friendship shared among member associations in these times of political struggles and quarrels in Europe!
Dear delegates, I wish you all a wonderful stay in Stockholm – enjoy the great scientific program and also the beautiful city and the hospitality of our swedish hosts.
I very much hope you enjoy your time here in Sweden and Stockholm! If you have some spare time outside of the congress, don’t hesitate to go to the archipelago!
Thanks to the magnificent efforts of the organizers, there is no doubt that the Stockholm congress will be a total success, both in terms of its scientific and social program. As President, I would like to welcome all the participants from around the world and wish them to fully enjoy this memorable event, as well as their overall stay in this beautiful and hospitable city.
When Thomas is not busy piloting the EABCT, he likes to pilot smaller aircrafts. 13
SOFI MAROM Rep for ITA, Israeli Association for Behavioural-Cognitive Therapy until 2016, the new ITA rep is Danny Derby
ABDEL HALIM BOUDOUKHA Rep for AFTCC, Association of Behaviour and Cognitive Therapy (France)
The EABCT reps International CBT friends Photos: Annelie von Cederwald
Many CBT associations in Europe face the same kind of challenges, and by sharing the solutions that have previously worked best, we can all benefit. Each member association of the EABCT has a dedicated representative (shortened “rep”) who takes part in the two annual general meetings (GMs). Keeping up to date with all developments in the EABCT is an important part of the reps’ task, but making friends with the other reps to facilitate networking and collaboration between the associations is just as important. By visiting the host city of each year’s EABCT congress during the first yearly GM in March, the reps also act as ambassadors for the congress in their association by helping out with marketing.
are given a buddy, a rep who has been in the EABCT for quite some time, who can answer questions and help avoid misunderstandings. As organizers of the 2016 EABCT congress, we want to express our gratitude to all the reps who have helped us during the last years. From the presentation of our bid in Geneva 2012, everyone has been very supportive and encouraged the collaboration between the two Swedish CBT-associations. In a sense the reps could be viewed as co-organizers of the congress, since their valuable feedback and experiences of organising previous EABCT congresses has been an important part of our work, and the congress wouldn’t have such a high number of participants had it not been for the reps eagerly marketing it in their own associations. In March 2016 it was Sweden’s turn to host the 1GM in Stockholm, and this gathering provided us organizers a boost of energy and confidence, really valuable during the final and intense months of endeavour.
Being a new rep attending your first GM can be an almost overwhelming experience since there are so many reps to get to know, and so many routines to get used to. But, in the spirit of friendship the reps help each other out. In fact, there is even a formal “buddy system”, where new reps
JC JAN CALLENS Rep for VVGT, Vlaamse Vereniging voor Gedragstherapie (Belgium)
ELENA HEINZ Rep for GBA, Greek Association for Behavioural Modification and Research
Being a rep from a country in EABCT is an ideal chance to help evolve CBT in Europe and to be inspired by other countries and associations, for the development of CBT in my own country and in our association. Helping to think about the organization and content of the yearly congress and motivating my Belgian colleagues to participate is also a noble task.
We asked some of the EABCT reps a few questions, in order for you to get to know them better. What motivated you to become a rep for EABCT?
As a French CBT psychotherapist, I take part in spreading information about CBT. The French situation is a bit difficult because of the psychoanalytic culture (roots) of the French national health department (and most of the French psychologists).
I always like to meet new people with whom I share the same interests concerning CBT. It is very exciting to exchange opinions, concerns and knowledge about educational programs on CBT and its distribution.
Being a rep from a country in EABCT is an ideal chance to help evolve CBT in Europe and to be inspired by other countries and associations ‹‹ So, it appears to me that being a rep in the EABCT would allow me to exchange views on CBT at a European level and to exchange knowledge about the way other countries have faced these issues.
In Israel, the chair of the local CBT organization is usually the rep to the EABCT. This enables a good communication between the local organization and the EABCT, to advance shared projects and to be able to promote CBT based on the wide policy of the EABCT in our country. Thus we encourage our members to participate in the EABCT congresses.
What are your thoughts on the role and function of the reps?
As a “young’’ rep, I’m sure that reps are important. However, it is difficult to answer why, because I’m not experienced enough in the EABCT.
The reps are doing a great job for EABCT as they are the “ambassadors” of EABCT to their association and vice versa. They are the connection between Europe and their countries and the other way around. It is fundamental to get known what is happening in Europe concerning CBT.
I feel the reps are important, because they can influence EABCT’s policy and bring the special needs of each country to the knowledge of the EABCT, thus widen the local data for the EABCT and this enables a policy based on pluralistic data.
They are the link between EABCT and the national association, so we keep EABCT alive in the minds of our members and in the board of the national association.
Is there anything going on in the EABCT at the moment that you feel is particularly important?
To decide which country is going to host the future EABCT congresses make me feel the importance of being a rep.
To my opinion what is new at the moment is the academy which we try to form. I hope this will be a very successful action and helpful to associations which cannot afford a full educational program, but also for the rest of the associations which can exchange knowledge through these seminars.
I look forward to the ongoing project of the EABCT website about recorded speeches (in English), kind of like TED-talks, but for various psychological disorders and various treatments. This is an exciting project! This could be very helpful for members of the EABCT and facilitate supervision and also open for the public to better understand psychological problems and how they can be treated.
Want to know more? All reps attending the congress will have a yellow “EABCT REPRESENTATIVE”ribbon under their name badge, so don’t miss out on the opportunity to give input to your rep, and thank them for representing you. And don’t forget to visit the “Unwrapping the reps”section in the Expo!
I am happy with the grant-system that can support associations in the development of CBT in their country and look forward to the mobile academy that is in construction.
1GM 2016 – In the beginning of March 2016 the Swedish CBT-associations were hosts of the 2016 first general meeting of EABCT. The board and a majority of all reps were present, and had a really good time as you can see in the photos.
Earlier congresses - Have you been to them all? 1971
World Congresses of Behaviour Therapy
World Congresses of Behaviour Therapy
World Congresses of Behaviour Therapy
World Congresses of Behaviour Therapy
World Congress of Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies
World Congress of Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies
World Congress of Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies
World Congress of Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies
World Congress of Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies
World Congress of Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies
World Congress of Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies
Kristoffer NT Månsson
Anneli von Cederwald
Erica Skagius Ruiz
The Steering Committee having a meeting in Lรถderups Strandbad in southern Sweden (may 2014). From left: Erica, Torun, Jens, Bjรถrn, Kristoffer and Olof
THE CONGRESS The preparations for EABCT2016 started all the way back in 2011, with just a few individuals from the boards of SACBT (Swedish Association for Cognitive and Behavioural Therapies) and SABT (Swedish Association of Behavioural Therapy). Gradually, more and more people have joined in, and today the different groups of the organising committee, the scientific committee and the volunteers consists of close to 100 persons! The planning has taken place in countless email exchanges, in over 50 telephone or Skype conferences, during other EABCT congresses, and in weekend meetings in different parts of the Swedish countryside. It has been an important journey for each one of the organizers, and we now want to become a bit personal. So, without further ado, let us introduce some of the people behind the congress.
LB GERHARD ANDERSSON
I have been working with sponsorship, and I’m very happy that we have a great number of sponsors and exhibitors with us in this congress!
What have you been working with regarding the congress?
I am the Social Media Manager and manage the Facebook page and the Instagram account. I have also done some of the regular updates for our homepage.
What led you to work with the organization of EABCT2016?
Scientific program mainly. I am chair of the scientific committee.
I heard about EABCT2016 from a friend and thought that it would be interesting to be part of such a big event. As I have been working with social media as volunteering work for some time, I thought that I could do that for EABCT2016 as well.
I’ve been part of a team of five people responsible for the Gala Dinner. We started early in 2014 scouting basically every venue in Stockholm capable of arranging a dinner of this scale. We’ve had a great time, working at a slow but steady pace, of course with a little more intensity this year. We are super excited that the Gala Dinner will be held at the Vasa Museum!
I had no doubts to take this responsibility when I was approached. I know many people in the field and the rest of the people working for the conference are really great!
I’m going to be a volunteer during the congress, helping the speakers, answering congress participants’ questions and providing great service.
I have previously worked with Jens Högström, the vice secretary general, in arranging a social event for the Swedish Association of Behaviour Therapy 40th anniversary in 2011 and I really enjoyed that. So when he and the secretary general, Torun Kallings, both dear friends of mine, asked me if I wanted to be a part of the EABCT2016 I was quite easily persuaded.
I am leading the Expo-group, which arranges an Expo on the history and present branches of CBT. Simplified we gather material and share our view on the history of CBT, the present branches and which direction we might be headed. We have really strived to breathe life into the congress venue and really situate you as a visitor in the CBT spectra of past, present and future. I hope you will enjoy, and I recommend a stroll through the timeline and to make a stop by the interactive games!
I’m lucky enough to be doing my internship this upcoming autumn at Psykologpartners, one of the main sponsors of the congress. This made me come in contact with the opportunity to work as a volunteer during the congress.
JD JENS DRIESSEN
Having the possibility to help promote CBT and to organize projects is a huge reinforcer for me, and thus hearing about the upcoming congress and the huge potential was an ideal situation for me to get positive reinforcement. I have worked on long term projects before and I saw this as a work cut out for me combining both academic interest and other skill sets. Furthermore, I simply could not miss being a part of the first EABCT congress in Sweden since 1977.
In my psychology training we had to choose between psychodynamic and behavior therapy supervision and training. It was not an obvious choice, but I had some experience of working with psychotic patients and found behavioral principles very useful.
My background is mainly natural science. When I first started studying psychology, I knew little or nothing about CBT. However, CBT had an instant appeal to me and I found both the theoretical framework as well as the applications coherent with other sciences I knew about.
For me this has been such a great opportunity to learn more about the organizing of such a big event as this congress. I will remember the organization of this congress as a good example in how to make people feel engaged and committed in their work. When we have met, everybody’s opinions have counted, even though the level of involvement in the congress organization differs a lot between us. For this experience I’m thankful.
Can you tell us about your own CBT-roots, how did you get into CBT?
Before I started studying clinical psychology, I had always had seen myself becoming a teacher. However, while working as a substitute teacher, I soon realized that me and the other teachers lacked the tools to influence the behaviour of the students, and facilitate learning for those lacking that oh so important social support in their lives. That’s when I discovered behaviour analysis and realized I wanted to be able to tackle these issues wielding the tools of a psychologist.
I got into CBT at my University studies here in Sweden, Linköping university. I had a wellknown Swedish behavioral psychologist, Olle Wadström, as my instructor in the clinical course and learned behavioral analysis from him. I was hooked! After that I have worked with CBT in primary care and now in specialist care for exhaustion syndrome.
During my studies at Linköping University to become a Psychologist, the University itself has many prominent researchers and tutors in the field and it was they who first nudged me and made me curious about CBT. When I subsequently came into contact, and consumed large amount of literature on, the behaviourist vein I was stuck – especially due to the scientific rigor of the field.
For many years I used to work with children in school settings where extra thought and commitment was needed in caring for their needs. I found great enjoyment in my work but I also felt that I wanted to gain more knowledge to be able to help in a better way. My first contact with CBT was in this context. I started to study to become a psychologist and I have found CBT more and more useful as my own knowledge about theory and practice is expanding.
big love for gardening! I’m not sure if it is a mutual love, though…
I am a skateboarder. Picked up this interest again after a long break and my last book is about skateboarding. Member of the Facebook group “Skaters over 50”.
The last two weekends I have been working intensely building av small house, a “friggebod”. I just love working with wood, hammer, saw and power tools. To me it feels like the opposite of my work as a psychologist since I’m in control and everything is up to me. It offers a very different kind of frustration and satisfaction than I find in my profession. Wood never has setbacks. Nor does it do homework...
Is there anything about the congress that you are especially excited about?
I’m excited about the workshops that I am going to participate in. I always learn a lot from workshops, that is my kind of learning! I’m also very excited about our social program. I have written about it on Facebook for half a year, but now I’m only days away from eating dinner next to a ship from the 17th century!
I performed my first successful (although not very ethical) exposure treatment of a specific phobia at the age of six. I’ll give you the start of the story and then you can figure the rest out yourselves: Before our babysitter with a specific phobia for snakes had arrived my father hid all our snake-toys and told me and my brother “the person who’s coming to watch you now is really afraid of snakes, so you are under no circumstances allowed to play with these today, ok?”.
The program is broad and covers much. Excellent researchers and clinicians are coming. Moreover, Stockholm is a nice place.
Apart from the Gala Dinner and the party, I just love the atmosphere during a congress, talking to interesting people in between workshops and gaining new perspectives. I consider myself mainly a behaviorist but I’m hoping to learn more cognitive skills.
I’m an avid practitioner of Historical European Martial Arts (HEMA), which Sweden is quite good at. Simplified it’s fencing with medieval weapons, even though we use a whole range of weapons from unarmed to polearms. For a rigorous body exercise I really recommend it – stay protected though!
Meeting new people and attending as many workshops as possible! I love experience-based learning.
Since I started dancing tango I’ve come to understand that I’m not a unique snowflake with my shared interest for the argentine tango and CBT. Stockholm is a great city to dance in, and maybe I have fellow dancers among me at the congress?
I’m especially excited to finally see it all come together to really be here and “Learn from the past to embrace the future”. To interact with other people, share our views, to hear of the past, to discuss the future. I think the theme really captures a central theme of CBT, and to have such a fantastic scientific programme situated in a context which remind you of where we have been and where we might be headed is really inspirational.
Want to know more? Everyone in the organising committee will have a pink HOST-ribbon under their name badge. This indicates that they are your hosts during the congress and will be happy to help you out if needed, and will be happy to answer questions about organising the congress. You can also read more about the preparations for the EABCT2016 on the congress website in the blog “Roots of EABCT2016”.
I’m especially interested in the topics about CBT and children. I’m also very happy that I will be able to go to a workshop about RFT (relational frame theory) which I’ve been curious to learn more about.
Can you tell us something about your personal life?
Well, I’m outspoken when I feel secure, otherwise I stand back and take in the scene. I can be full of energy, but also need my breaks to recharge. I love being outside, that’s where I go when my energy is low. I have a 22
AND A SPECIAL THANKS TO... A lot of effort is needed to put together an international meeting like this one. You have already met the herd of people organizing the congress, but we would also like to give some attention to a few other ones that, behind the scenes, significantly contributed to make it happen.
John Kentish from the British Association for Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapies is the mastermind behind the submission forms that enabled all abstracts to be submitted to the Scientific Committee. John also took care of answering e-mails from people asking for help with their abstracts, and helped out in critical situations when the Organisational Committee had many tasks to finalize. Without John’s help the service would have been far worse.
There were times when we planned for this congress and we realized that we did not have a clue on how to proceed. Most of these times, if not all, we had strong urges to ask Philip Tata from the British Association for Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapies for guidance, and when we did he always gave us great recommendations and shared his knowledge from the many previous congresses he has been involved in. Generously Philip also made his way to Stockholm and shared his knowledge with the Scientific Committee on how to plan and proceed with the scientific programme. It is not an exaggeration that the scientific programme of this congress would not have become what is is without Philips’ kind help. We, and the whole EABCT organization, are blessed to have you in the team.
In a late night e-mail exchange John told us that one of his wishes was to give a keynote entitled “Why 70% of submissions are done in the last 72 hours”. I’m sorry to say we did not fulfil this dream completely, but we urge everyone to treat John as a proper keynote speaker while visiting the congress. From the bottom of our hearts; a big thank you! 23
EABCT2016 EXPO We want to welcome you to our Expo! Much like the first world Expo, which set off a cascade of inspiration for centuries to come, we want to inspire you, evoke passion for, and build interaction about CBT. Like a museum, we want to enlighten and remind you of which roots set us on our current path, and to share our view of the history of CBT. Much in the vein of a theme park, we hope to spark some interaction! Discuss it with a colleague, share a memory, enjoy our media material, and contribute to the Expo by giving your view on the future! We simply want to explore the roots and present branches with you.
Each floor of the congress venue will be dedicated to a different time period: of the day. On the fourth floor you will also find the main entrance, the EABCT square, and the EABCT Auditorium.
THE SECOND FLOOR will take you through our history; the development of both EABCT and CBT will be scrutinized. Moreover, we invite you to explore, in-vivo, a recreation of a specific chapter of our history.
THE FIFTH FLOOR is dedicated to our current direction. Leave a testimony on your own hopes and fears about the future. Be inspired by our Leave or take a thesis bookshelf, and hopefully add one to your own collection.
THE THIRD AND FOURTH FLOOR will guide you through our present branches. Acquaint yourself with the contemporary thoughts on our community, view our present branches of CBT and EABCT grow and thrive, and experience the music
Chat with the poster presenters on the balcony of ‘Posters and Popcorn’ - popcorn are handed out And don’t miss the in-vivo exploration of a wouldbe-future! On this level you will also find the Café for other leisure activities.
leave or take a THESIS To help promote CBT research, the EABCT2016 Exposition will have an area in the congress venue dedicated to PhD doctoral theses, where you will find recently published theses, as well as theses published in the past.
THE CONGRESS CAFÉ On floor 5, a café will be providing a range of beverages: a wide selection of coffee, juice and soft drinks as well as alcoholic drinks. Payment can be made with cash as well as credit card. The café has generous opening hours, so if you’re one of those people who can’t really wait for your caffeine until the scheduled coffee break, this is the place to go. Beverages don’t necessarily need to be consumed in the café area, which means that bringing a beer down to The Fritidsgård on floor 4 is not a problem.
The “Leave or take a Thesis” bookshelf will open on Wednesday August 31. All congress participants with a PhD degree can leave their thesis at the congress registration desk (one or several copies) and will subsequently be available for reading at the lounging area on Level 5. On the last day of the congress, after lunch Saturday September 3, all theses will be available for the visitors to take home - enabling you to bring with you a more permanent reference to your own shelf at home.
POSTERS & POPCORN BALCONY
EABCT active Fritidsgård
© TOMAS ÖHRLING 2009
THE TIMELINE Linking the floors of the congress venue you will find our grand timeline, the locomotion of choice getting from point A to B, setting the theme for both roots and present branches, and giving the opportunity to discover several hallmarks in our history.
it would be impossible to create a timeline of CBT history which would satisfy everyoneâ€™s wishes, so we see the timeline as a conversation starter about the history of CBT. Feedback and opinions are more than welcome, during the congress or in social media - do you think there is something missing that really should have been in the timeline, or something that should have been omitted? What would you include in a timeline of CBT history?
Making a timeline of the history of CBT In line with the congress theme Roots and present branches of CBT, we thought it fitting that a grand timeline was made illustrating the history of CBT. As any researcher would, we began with literature search. A first preliminary timeline was constructed based in the literature and then discussed and revised within the Organizing Committee. We then asked for additional feedback from a number of prominent CBT researchers. During this peer-reviewing we found that everyone has a different opinion about what should be included, and which events were truly worthy of note.
After further revisions, we turned to the EABCT community and asked: what would you include in a timeline of CBT history? Based on these suggestions and the earlier drafts; a final revision was made resulting in the final grand timeline which will be a central part of the congress. Additional dates and events which was not included in the timeline were FEEDBACK AND used in other projects REVISIONS in the Expo of the AMONG THE congress. We ORGANIZING realise COMMITTEE that SELECTION
FEEDBACK FROM EXTERNAL ADVISORS
READING AND GATHERING INPUT
Our aim is to visualize the history and the direction of CBT and EABCT. With you, we want to share thoughts, ideas, hopes and fears, to embody the theme of the congress; Roots and Present Branches.
TIMELINE OPENS FOR INPUT FROM THE EABCT COMMUNITY
Some selected references on the history of CBT: Craske, M.G. (2010). Cognitive-behavioral therapy. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. Barlow, D. H. (2016). Paradigm Clashes and Progress: A Personal Reflection on a 50-Year Association With ABCT. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice. Eifert, G. H., & Plaud, J. J. (1993). From behavior theory to behavior therapy: The contributions of behavioral theories and research to the advancement of behavior therapy. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 24(2), 101–105. Forsyth, J. P. (1997). In the name of the “advancement” of behavior therapy: Is it all in a name?. Behavior Therapy, 28(4), 615-627. Götestam, K., G., & Arnarson, E., Ö., (1995). Twenty fifth anniversary of European Association for Behavioural and Cognitive Therapies (EABCT) - History. Copenhagen 1995. Marks, S. (2012). Cognitive behaviour therapies in britain: the historical context and present situation. In W. Dryden
(Ed.), Cognitive behaviour therapies (pp. 1-24). London: SAGE Publications Ltd. O’Donohue, W., Henderson, D., Hayes, S., Fisher, J., & Hayes, L. (Eds.). (2001). A history of the behavioral therapies: Founders’ personal histories. New Harbinger Publications. Pichot, P. (1989). The historical roots of behavior therapy. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 20(2), 107–114. Rachman, S. (2009). Psychological treatment of anxiety: the evolution of behavior therapy and cognitive behavior therapy. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 5, 97–119. Rachman, S. (2015). The evolution of behaviour therapy and cognitive behaviour therapy. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 64, 1–8. Wolpe, J. (1997). Thirty years of behavior therapy. Behavior Therapy, 28, 633–635.
The Beck Institute offers a full range of training opportunities for clinicians from novice to highly experienced.
Most of us know that what sticks with us after leaving a congress isn’t just what we’ve learned, but also whom we met. Unfortunately, human beings are creatures of habit and tend to stick to safe grounds. Our ambition is to counteract this by adding some ingredients to the congress that will facilitate leaving your social comfort zone. Keep reading if you want to know more!
E MAIL EABCT 2016
Thanks to social media, interacting is easy. Keep an eye on Facebook and Instagram during the congress, and share your own photos! There will be a slideshow running on a screen located on floor 3, available for anyone to contribute. Either send in photos by e-mail, or hashtag on Facebook or Instagram.
What’s up with the flags? As congress organizers we naturally want to reward desired behaviour, such as attending the congress. One result of this is that people from the countries with the best congress attendance in relation to their number of members (according to the EABCT website) will get to see their country flag hoisted outside the congress centre. The first flag (closest to the congress logo flag) represents the country with the best attendance, followed by the second best, and so forth. Did your country/association perform better or worse than you expected?
When you’re tired of this magazine...
In the café-area, there will be 1200 copies of the magazine Modern Psykologi (in swedish) lying around for you to be absorbed by. Modern Psykologi is a magazine focused on thinking, feelings, relationships and behaviour, suitable for anyone interested in psychology and neuro research. You’re welcome to take a magazine home with you if you like.
When visiting Waterfront Congress Centre for the first time we fell in love with the place, but we wanted to personalize it. One way of doing this was to rename all the lecture halls in the centre, using some of the historically most important people in the field of CBT, but also the “distant masters” from the pub-quiz on August 31. In the naming process we also asked members of the two Swedish CBT associations, SABT and SACBT, for suggestions. While it would have made sense to use the names of our excellent keynote speakers, there were not enough rooms for all of them after some rooms had the names of the founders of CBT, so we decided to take the opportunity to introduce other prominent CBT researchers and clinicians instead.
Explore those name tags! When registering, everyone was asked to add a personal touch (of any kind) to their name tag. Doing this was optional, of course, but a lot of you obediently went for it. Make use of this smörgåsbord of information during the congress! You might be lucky and find out that the person next to you shares your special interest field. Or, what’s written there might simply warrant an explanation.
CBT-themed names of the congress rooms
One of our ambitions of the congress is to offer a combination of work and play, and the area on the fourth floor which we call EABCT Active – Fritidsgård. The Fritidsgård serves as the perfect playground. Fritidsgård might be a swedish phenomenon, Wikipedia defines it as a room intended for some sort of organized leisure activity, such as sports, board games or music. Perhaps all the scientific input is making you a bit drained? A round turn of table tennis or foosball might rise your energy levels. You will be able to hang out in the Fritidsgård pretty much anytime during the congress.
After-hours CBT cocktails at the designated congress bar Looking to socialize with some new CBT friends after the congress has closed for the day? Then we can recommend the hotel lobby bar at Radisson Blu Waterfront hotel right next to the congress centre. This bar is the designated congress bar; and it stays open until 01. Here, you can order CBT-themed cocktails, why not try a “Liquid Mindfulness”, buy a “Third wave” for a friend, check out the non-alcoholic “Reinforcer” or take a break from CBT with a “Freudian slip”.
Last but not least, what definitely will encourage interaction is the extensive social programme, presented on the pages that follow… 30
EABCT2016 SOCIAL PROGRAMME 31
TUESDAY AUGUST 30
phenomenon Stockholm syndrome, referring to when hostages express sympathy and positive feelings toward their captors. Stockholm syndrome is named after the passage of events during the robbery of Kreditbanken at Norrmalmstorg in 1973.
Three different afternoon activities will be offered on Tuesday of the congress week, the day before the pre-congress workshops takes place. The meeting spot for all of the three activities is the square Norrmalmstorg, which by the way is the birthplace of the psychological
Moderna Muséet If you are more into art than animals, you should choose the second option on Tuesday afternoon, namely the Moderna Muséet, located on Skeppsholmen (a tiny island in the center of Stockholm). The museum has one of Europe’s finest collections of modern and contemporary art and offers a first-class program of temporary exhibitions, a nice shop, and an enjoyable restaurant with a beautiful view of Djurgården.
MEETING SPOT Norrmalmstorg at 13.30
Photo: Katja Halvarsson
The third activity option this day is perfect for the one who wants to experience the beautiful nature and walking paths along the water of the island Djurgården. On this walk you will get a sense of the lush greenery of the city which is one of Stockholm’s most valued qualities. We end this walk at Rosendal’s garden where you can have a look at beautiful flowers and have a classic Swedish ‘fika’, which is the very Swedish activity of having tea/coffee and a sweet treat.
MEETING SPOT Norrmalmstorg at 13.30
Foto: Holger Ellgaard
If your dare to meet our volunteers at Norrmalmstorg you can join the visit to the world’s first open-air museum Skansen. Here you can stroll through five centuries of Swedish history, from north to south, with a real sense of the past all around in the historical buildings. You will be guided by locals who know Skansen inside out. Skansen is also known for its zoo, primarily committed to showing Scandinavian animals. You can do your own exposure in vivo for all sorts of animals – how about a close encounter with a brown bear, a pack of wolfs, the wolverines or perhaps an elk?
MEETING SPOT Norrmalmstorg at 13.30
Whether you end up at Skansen, Moderna museet or Rosendal, the volunteers will afterwards guide you either back to the hotel, or, if you’re keen, to the rooftop bar The Capital for afternoon drinks. This is an activity that Swedes typically call ”after work” and it refers to when friends/colleagues meet up after a working day for drinks and/or dinner. The Capital is located on top of the new hotel Scandic Continental, in the heart of the city centre. This lovely bar has a spectacular view of Stockholm, and is the perfect place to hang out with friends, colleagues and potential new acquaintances.
LOCATION Scandic Continental Vasagatan 22 at 17.00
PHoto: Karl Gabor
After Work at rooftop bar The Capital
WEDNESDAY AUGUST 31
OPENING CEREMONY The Grand Opening of EABCT2016 starts with the presidents of the congress giving an opening address, followed by the EABCT president Thomas Kalpakoglou and the chairs of the scientific committee. Keynote speaker Emily Holmes will continue with a speech and formally open the congress. Finally the leading contemporary cirkus group of Scandinavia, Cirkus Cirkör, will offer an excerpt of their current production Limits. The Opening Ceremony will be followed by a reception with drinks and snacks, and for those wanting to stay late and make the night an Opening Party, two bars will be available selling additional refreshments. LOCATION Waterfront, EABCT Auditorium, at 18:30
Cirkus Cirkör was born when a group of artists went to Paris and fell in love with the possibilities that the contemporary circus offered. They decided to stop dreaming big and living small and instead give their all to make reality of their dreams. By now, more that 2 million people have seen a Circus Cirkör show on stage and in festivals around the world. 400 000 children and youth have trained, created and been taught with contemporary circus, which is now an established art form in Sweden. In the new production, Limits, the work and questions continue: Are limits real or imaginary? Are they a dead end, or a motivation to search for new paths? Someone has drawn up lines and divided the world into various delimited areas. We build fences around our gardens, walls, barricades, place armed soldiers around our countries. But human beings have never wanted to stay in one and the same place. In classic Cirkus Cirkör style, Limits will turn perspectives on their heads. With energy, a focus on what is possible and cocky commitment, a world of fleeing, migration and new frontiers is balanced against the artists’ individual limits in terms of risk, pain, the limitations of the group and of the body. Limits is conceived and directed by Tilde Björfors, Cirkus Cirkör’s founder and artistic director, who is also the director behind most of Cirkus Cirkör’s major successes such as Borders, Knitting Peace, Wear it like a crown and Inside out. Text edited from www.cirkor.se
Photo: Mats Bäckner
Cirkus Cirkör and Limits
Photo: ANDERS DAVIDSSON
The band consists of: Frida Andersson, vocals, saxophone, Alfred Strand, piano, vocals, Jesper Svensson, drums, Johan Davidsson , bass guitar, Martin Lindell Gilleberg, guitar, backing vocals
ORKESTER FÖR FESTER The EABCT2016 House Band
A congress without music would be like a CBT-session without a behaviour analysis. Let us proudly introduce our house band Orkester För Fester (i.e. ‘Orchestra for parties’). You will hear the band play on several occasions; during the opening reception, at lunchtime thursday and friday, and after the spectacular gala dinner at the Vasa museum. boat. Even the ones who claim they don’t enjoy dancing will be surprised to find themselves swaying their hips, gathering experiential evidence for correcting false beliefs.
Orkester För Fester was formed in 2008, and have since then played at weddings, birthdays parties, restaurants, pubs, dancefloors and more. Orkester För Fester is based in Malmö, in the southernmost part of Sweden. All the band members have completed some sort of higher musical education.
Which type of music will be chosen for the congress crowd?
Singer and saxophonist Frida Andersson combines her interest in music with her psychology studies, to be completed in january next year. Beyond this, she has lately been engaged as student representative in SABT (Swedish Association of Behaviour Therapy). We’ve asked her to share some thoughts about what’s waiting.
- Our repertoire is diverse - we’ll cover jazz, soul, disco, pop, rock and even some hip hop. In line with the theme of the congress, we’ll dust off hits from the 50’s and onwards, throwing in quite a few contemporary favorites as well. And of course, Swedish music will be added into the mixture. We couldn’t leave out ABBA, for example.
What are the bands’ expectations of the EABCT2016-gig?
Would you say that being a musician and a CBT-practitioner have anything in common?
- The five of us are really good friends, so we’re looking forward to spending time together in the beautiful congress venue, hopefully contributing to the nice atmosphere there with our music. It’ll also be a great opportunity to do some celebrity spotting! At the Vasa Museum, after the Gala Dinner, we’re expecting to have everyone rocking the
- I’ve met a whole bunch of psychologists who also play music, so there appears to be some common ground. My personal opinion is that CBT-practitioners are outstandingly cool people, and so are many musicians. Maybe that’s the key? 35
WEDNESDAY AUGUST 31
The Challenge of the Distant Masters (Pub Quiz) Have you ever been to a quiz and felt frustrated that your own perceived ”expertise” is seldom sought after? With EABCT2016 the opportunity knocks. After the mingle of the grand opening ceremony, the CBT challenge of your life awaits! Challenge of the Distant Masters is a bombastic interactive video quiz. To further boost the excellent keynote lineup of EABCT2016, we’ve carefully selected a few Distant CBT Masters around the world. These living legends will challenge your knowledge and wits with their trickiest questions! The Distant Masters represents the roots as well as the current branches of CBT. Is it possible to answer Dr Steven Hayes question without having undergone the secret sixth level of ACT training? In what lies the hidden deep knowledge about Borderline Disorder, according to Dr Lorna Benjamin Smith? Have you ever contemplated how you would react if Dr David Barlow interrogated you on your knowledge of mid 1940’s roots of CBT? Well, why don’t you find out? Muster some courage, team up for the inquisition, have a drink and a few laughs. Swedish psychologist Jonas Ramnerö will judge, guide and tutor you through the challenge. Specific instructions about how you register your teams and submit your answers will be given before the event. Everyone is very much welcome to join!
LOCATION Waterfront, EABCT-square, at 21.00.
THURSDAY SEPTEMBER 1 The running experience of Stockholm (September 1-2)
Stockholm offers great running trails by the water and fabulous opportunities for some behavioral activation. On Thursday and Friday morning, you’re most welcome to experience the water view, morning breeze and architecture while running the shores of Stockholm. We have three suggested routes for you; 2 km (slow tempo, walk/jog), 4 km (modest tempo), or 10 km (modest tempo; part of the Stockholm Marathon route!). No previous experience of running or level of expertise required.
Photo: Werner Nystrandw
MEETING SPOT Waterfront main entrance at 06:30
Reception at Stockholm City Hall The Stockholm City Hall is located a stone’s throw from the congress centre, in fact it can even be seen through the glass walls of Waterfront. The City Hall is a political office building where many of the Swedish political parties have their party secretariats. The largest rooms in the City Hall are the Blue Hall and the Golden Hall. The exclusive atmosphere and historical setting of the Blue Hall makes it a popular venue for international award ceremonies and concerts. The Hall is best known as the venue for the annual Nobel Banquet! When the City Hall was constructed in 1911 to 1923, Ragnar Östberg, the architect in charge, constantly reworked his plans. This resulted in the abandonment of the planned blue glazed tiles for the Blue Hall, which accordingly is not blue at all but has kept its name from the original design. The Golden Hall, however, is covered with more than 18 million pieces of gold mosaic depicting scenes from Stockholm’s history. The fabulous mosaic of The Queen of Mälaren receiving homage from the East and the West, is spread out on the entire north wall of the hall. The events that take place in the beautiful Golden Hall range from formal ceremonies to the traditional dance following the Nobel Banquet. Visitors of the congress have been generously invited by the City of Stockholm and the County of Stockholm to a complimentary reception with a buffet. Since the hall holds only 1200 people the tickets have been provided on a first-come first-served basis, and the event has been fully booked for a long time.
LOCATION Stockholm City Hall at 18.45
FRIDAY SEPTEMBER 2
On September 2, the one social event you definitely don’t want to miss during EABCT2016 takes place: the candlelit dinner right next to the grand 17th century ship Vasa (which the curious can learn more about on page 43).
truly historical atmosphere. Speaking of atmosphere, when considering your outfit for the evening please note that the ship hall holds a constant temperature of 18 degrees Celsius. Following the dinner, a late night party with live music commences where you will be dancing with the shores of Stockholm at your feet. The party will take place in the Vasa Restaurant next to the ship hall. If you prefer to indulge in conversations with new friends rather than dancing, you have the opportunity to remain in the ship hall with lounge music and a bar. Feel free to stay until 2 am. And please visit the EABCT Photo Booth to show off the festivities during the Gala-dinner and truly make it a night to remember!
Upon arrival you will be served a glass of sparkling wine. Once you have finished your drink you will have time to stroll around and have a look at the museum and the ship. Several professional Vasa Museum guides will be available to tell you about the ship’s exciting history. If you haven’t visited the museum before, make sure to make the most out of this opportunity. The dinner includes a three-course meal and drinks. You will be sitting right next to the ship, dining in a
LOCATION The Vasa Museum at 18:30 There will be shuttle buses available for those of you that prefer not to walk from wherever your starting point is. The buses depart from Waterfront parking at 18.00 (last bus 18.45) and the first bus in opposite direction leave 23.15 (last bus 02.15).
Photo: Anneli Karlsson, Statens maritima museer
THE GALA DINNER
PHOTO: CHARLIE LLEWELLIN
Feeling too much seriousness and intellectual conversations going on around you? Take the opportunity to start your Friday with some acroyoga! Acroyoga is a blend of yoga, acrobatics and thai-yoga massage, and you will be offered an introductory class. Come give your body a playful and grounding experience by practicing acroyoga with our instructor Katarina Blom. Katarina is a psychologist by day and an acroyoga instructor by night. She is used to taking care of groups in which none has tried yoga or acroyoga before. Katarina values inclusion, playfulness and connection, in therapy as well as on the mat. We work in groups of three, and NO prior experience of yoga or acrobatics is necessary. All you need is an open and curious mind..
MEETING SPOT Waterfront main entrance at 06:45
SATURDAY SEPTEMBER 3
Closing ceremony All good things must come to an end, and EABCT2016 is no exception. The congress will be summed up by the organizers, and several generations of researchers including Terry Wilson, Anne Marie Albano, Per Carlbring and Gerhard Andersson will give their thoughts on the theme of the congress; Roots and present branches of CBT. Everything will be wrapped up with an invitation from the organizers of next year’s EABCT congress. Will there be any surprises for those who stay until the end and attend the closing ceremony? Who knows...
After-congress hangout at Rival Bar A few hours left to spend in Stockholm before your flight? Or just in the mood for some more intriguing and inspirational discussions with old and new acquaintances? Whatever the cause, we would love for you to join our after-congress hangout at Rival Bar. The venue is one of Stockholm’s oldest cinema theaters but now hosts a hotel, restaurant, bar and café, with stand up comedy-shows and theatre plays every weekend. Rival Bar is historical grounds in other ways as well, since an important step towards EABCT2016 was taken here. The two leading CBT organisations in Sweden, SABT and SACBT, organized their first joint conference here in 2012, the CBT-days. Just a week before the CBT-days Sweden’s bid to host the 2016 EABCT congress had
been approved by an unanimous vote at the 2nd General Meeting in Geneva, and it was here that the swedish CBT-community was given the positive news.
MEETING SPOT Waterfront main entrance, directly following the Closing Ceremony (or Rival Bar, Mariatorget 3)
PICNIC AT LÅNGHOLMEN Want to stick around in Stockholm after the congress? Awaiting transportation for a vacation in another part of Sweden? Or simply looking for company? No problem. On Sunday of the congress week, there will be a picnic gathering at Långholmen, a picturesque central island once housing penitentiary institutions for the inhabitants
of Stockholm, but now mostly used for bathing, recreational activities and picnics. Bring your own food and join us for a tranquil and revitalizing afternoon. Need some inspiration on what to eat and drink at the picnic? Meet up with the volunteers at Waterfront at 12.00 and check out the various food trucks at Hornstulls Market close to Långholmen.
MEETING SPOT Waterfront main entrance at 12.00, or Långholmsbadet at 13.00
SUNDAY SEPTEMBER 4
Photo: Ola Ericson
The Vasa Museum from the outside. 42
The Grand Ship Vasa:
FROM MACHINE OF WAR TO SPECTACULAR TOURIST ATTRACTION The search for Vasa
What started with church services and a festive atmosphere ended in a watery grave. For a brief moment, the Vasa was the most powerfully armed ship in the Baltic, a floating fortress to be feared from Reval to Copenhagen. It was the 10th of August in 1628, when after many delays, frustrations with the supply of guns, and a change of captain, the newly fitted out Vasa was anchored below the castle, with its cannon finally on board and the crew manning their stations. The quay was packed with people who wanted to watch the mighty war machine slip its moorings and sail from Stockholm. Then, Vasa foundered in the harbour before the eyes of the audience, scant minutes after setting sail for the first time.
In the early 1950s, Anders Franzén, a fuel engineer in the Swedish navy and amateur archaeologist, started searching for lost ships of the Swedish navy. One of those at the top Photo: Archives, the Swedish National Maritime Museums
Vasa foundered in the harbour before the eyes of the audience, scant minutes after setting sail for the first time ‹‹ The loss of the magnificent Vasa after barely a kilometres sailing was a fiasco on a grand scale, in full view of Stockholm’s population and foreign agents from all over northern Europe. The Council of State quickly started looking for the responsible parties, and before his clothes were even dry, Captain Söfring Hansson was imprisoned and interrogated. He swore that the crew had been sober and the guns properly lashed, but that the ship had been too unstable under sail. Nobody was ever punished for one of the greatest scandals of Sweden’s Great Power Era.
Vasa in 1961, the year of salvage, at temporary docking at Beckholmen. of his list was Vasa. He spent his spare time at the National and Military Archives of Sweden in search for clues, and out on the water dragging the bottom for wrecks. He contacted Nils Ahnlund, a well-known professor of history, who had written an article where he pointed out the location in Stockholm’s harbour where he thought Vasa lay.
And then, on 25 August 1956, a small piece of black oak stuck in Franzéns coring device. Shortly, it was confirmed that it came from a ship. Feeling their way in the dark,
continued for ten days, and while it was in progress, divers worked on inspecting Vasa’s hull and plugging leaks in it. On 4 May, the ship was towed to dry dock, and onto a specially constructed concrete pontoon. Dressed in rain wear and newly vaccinated against whatever bugs might live in a sunken ship, a team of archaeologists descended into the black sludge. When they finished five months later, they had recovered more than 30,000 fascinating objects.
The Vasa Museum has since then been a natural part of Stockholm’s skyline ‹‹ every step kicking up a swirling mass of silt, the excavators established that a large ship, intact to the point that one mast was still standing, lay on the bottom of Stockholm harbour.
The museum From her salvaging in 1961, Vasa’s home was a 27-year long temporary one at Wasavarvet Museum. In 1981 a pan-Nordic competition to select the architect for the permanent Vasa Museum was held. 384 designs were submitted, and the winners were the Swedish architects Marianne Dahlbäck and Göran Månsson. Construction began on 2 November 1987 when Prince Bertil inaugurated the building. The Vasa Museum has since then been a natural part of Stockholm’s skyline, its masts rising high above Djurgården guiding curious tourists and Stockholmers alike.
The excavation Many Swedes still remember where they were when Vasa finally rose from the deep after 333 years in darkness. Some have called it Sweden’s Apollo Program, a dramatic and complex technical effort over several years to raise the intact 17th-century warship from the bottom of the sea. Once Vasa resurfaced on 24 April 1961, the ship was emptied of water by three enormous pumps. The work
Text edited from www.vasamuseet.se
COMMUNICATE WITH THE LOCALS Most swedes speak excellent English, but why not impress them by arriving prepared with a few Swedish vocables?
My name is..
Excuse me, where can I find..?
Ursäkta, var ligger..?
Orsaekta, vaar leeger..?
Jag är vilse
Yag are veelse
Where is the party at?
Var är festen?
Vaar aere faesten?
I love CBT
Jag älskar KBT
Yag aelskaer Ka Bee Tea
Kom och träffa oss i vår monter på
Photo: Fredrik Broman
WELCOME TO SWEDEN! Wondering what kind of place youâ€™ve ended up in? Those of you that have visited before hopefully know that Sweden and Stockholm has more to offer than just a strong CBT-community. On the following pages, our ambition is to give you a glimpse about what this long and sparsely populated country is all about.
A brief history lesson
or streams of particles charged by the sun, hitting the atmosphere.
Some 100,000 years ago Sweden was covered in ice. When the ice receded, the first immigrants started arriving. Around 1000 AD, the Vikings helped put Sweden on the map through their expeditions and raids around Europe. Then, centuries of war-hungry kings and power struggles drained the Swedish economy. Only after the Napoleonic Wars (1803-1815) peace arrived.
Tax-paid welfare Nearly everyone living or working in Sweden is covered by the Swedish social insurance. It includes benefits like parental leave pay, child allowances and sick pay for longer term illnesses. Swedish healthcare is heavily subsidised through taxes, making it affordable to go to the doctor, stay in a hospital and buy prescription medication. The parental insurance is generous, entitling parents to 480 paid days of parental leave, and of those, 60 days are reserved for the father. In 2012, dads used 24 per cent of the total parental leave. Sweden has the highest percentage of working mothers in the developed world, 76 percent.
Enter industrialisation, and a transformation from a poor nation of farmers to the innovative high-tech Sweden of today. A number of factors made this rapid development possible: peace, access to raw materials such as iron, ore and timber, well-functioning infrastructure, compulsory schooling, a tax-financed welfare system and - more recently - widespread Internet access.
Nature for everyone Did you know that 97 per cent of Sweden’s land area is uninhabited? There are 29 national parks and nearly 4,000 nature reserves, and outside of protected areas allemansrätten applies. It’s a unique Swedish right of public access, which allows people to roam around freely in nature, to camp overnight and to pick berries, mushrooms and flowers - as long as they aren’t protected species.
The Swedish labour market is characterised by a strong presence of trade and labour unions. Collective agreements Carl Linnaeus regulate wages and holiday entitlements (minimum 25 days). Sweden prioritises innovation and research - perhaps not so surprising considering that it is the country of the Nobel Prize. In 2012, 3.4 per cent of GDP was invested in research and development, a high figure compared with most other countries. The most revered Swedish scientist is most likely Carl von Linné, née Carl Linnaeus, born in 1701. He is best known for the introduction of his binomial classification of enabled plants and animals. Linnaeus himself invented the word Homo sapiens.
Sweden has four distinct seasons that differ quite a lot from north to south. The yearly average temperatures for the whole country vary modestly between -8°C and +10°C. North of the Arctic Circle, daylight conditions are extreme, with 32 days of pure darkness in mid-winter and 32 days of daylight around the clock in June and July. The northern lights, or aurora borealis, appear above the Arctic Circle and are visible around the equinoxes in late September and March and during the dark winter in Sweden. These spectacular displays of green-blue shimmering arcs and waves of lights are caused by solar wind,
QUICK FACTS Capital..................................... Stockholm Language.............................. Swedish (English widely spoken) Population............................. 9.8 million Land area.............................. 407,000 km2 (the fifth largest country in Europe) Population density............. 23,5 km2 Form of government......... Parliamentary democracy, constitutional monarchy Currency................................ Swedish krona, SEK GDP/capita (2013)............. SEK 403,000 Life expectancy................... Men 80.1 years, women 83.7 Main religion......................... Evangelical Lutheran (but in practice the country is very secularised) Time zone.............................. GMT +1
Roxette, Ace of Base, Carola Häggkvist, Army of Lovers, Robyn, Europe and Alcazar.
Sweden aims for everyone to have the same rights; no one should be discriminated against the basis of gender, ethnic origin, sexual orientation, political and/or religious conviction, or any kind of disability. The Equality Ombudsman is tasked with protecting and promoting these rights. In terms of gender equality, Swedish society is one of the world leaders according to international rankings, having the lowest income inequality as well as the smallest gender employment-rate gap in the developed world.
As a film nation, Sweden has long been associated with Ingmar Bergman, the country’s film director and Björn Borg scriptwriter extraordinaire. But talents like Roy Andersson, Ruben Östlund, Malik Bendjelloul and Anna Odell have also won international recognition.
Breeding ground for culture and fashion
For some, Swedish fashion means H&M. But while this Swedish clothing chain spreads affordable style, the so-called Swedish fashion miracle started in the denim world - brands like Acne, Nudie and WeSC has gained international success. Another way to achieve success in the fashion industry is to first become a tennis superstar, then retire early and move into fashion, like Björn Borg. Sweden seems to be a nation of sports lovers by the way, with nearly two-thirds of 10- to 18-year-olds exercising at least once a week.
Swedish ABBA is the fourthbest selling music act in history, after Elvis Presley, the Beatles and Michael Jackson, and brought Swedish pop ABBA into living rooms around the globe in the 1970s. Since then, many Swedish music acts - and producers - have been internationally recognised, making Sweden the world’s number one exporter of music in relation to GDP. A few other Swedish pop bands and singers you might have heard of are The Cardigans,
CALENDAR OF CELEBRATIONS IN SWEDEN
The crayfish party has become one of the most typical of Swedish traditions, held on or around the first Thursday in August. This unusual custom goes back at least 100 years when Swedish authorities permitted crayfish to be caught during only two months out of the year, starting in August. Most of the crayfish served today at these parties do not come from Sweden but from Turkey, Spain, and the U.S., as a crayfish plague almost annihilated the Swedish species in 1907. Text edited from 10 things to know about Sweden, published in 2015 by The Swedish Institute, editor/writer Emma Randecker
Photo: Cecilia Larsson Lantz
31 December.................. New Year March/April...................... Easter 30 April............................... Valborg/Walpurgis: celebration of spring with bonfires and singing Around 21 June.............. Midsummer: eating, singing and dancing around a pole August................................ Crayfish party: feast focused on crayfish and - often - schnapps 13 December.................. Lucia: pre-Christmas tradition marked by candlelight and singing 24 December.................. Christmas
• Between 300,000 and 400,000 moose roam the Swedish woods. Over 100,000 are shot during the annual hunt, in which about 250,000 people participate. Moose cause approximately 6,000 road accidents each year.
• Only one of Sweden’s top 20 surnames doesn’t end in “son”: Lindberg. • Sweden has a bigger share of foreign-born residents than the U.S. • In 1972, Sweden was the first country in the world to allow for a legal change of gender identity. • Swedish women have their first child in average at 30 years of age, the oldest in Europe along with Ireland and the Netherlands. The birthrate is one of the lowest in the world, with 1.7 children per woman. • Sweden’s Volvo made the three-point seatbelt design patent (1959) open and available to other car manufacturers for free, in the interest of safety. It saves one life every 6 minutes.
• The Swedish monarchy is one of the oldest in the world. It dates back a thousand years and has included 11 dynasties, with the current one, the House of Bernadotte, ruling the longest. The Swedish royal family is related to all the reigning royal courts of Europe. • The world-famous Swedish discount furniture chain IKEA names sofas, coffee tables and bookshelves after places in Sweden; beds, wardrobes and hall furniture after places in Norway; carpets after places in Denmark and dining tables and chairs after places in Finland.
Foto: Jakob Fridholm
• Sweden has the highest proportion of personal computers per capita in Europe, with 500 P.C.’s per 1,000 people. • Sweden was the first country in the world to introduce standardized time, which was necessary to make understandable train tables. • From the 1850s to the 1930s, 1.5 million of Sweden’s population of 3.5 million emigrated to North America.
• The famous Swedish smörgåsbord was once a peasant custom where whole villages would gather at the end of the summer to celebrate the harvest. Today the term refers to a meal made up of many different dishes, similar to a buffet, where diners choose what they want to eat.
• Sweden is the third largest country in the European Union in area, but has the second lowest population density (23.5 people per km2). • Sweden was the first country in the world to ban the smacking of children in 1979. Since then, 35 other countries have followed suit.
Text edited from: http://www.eupedia.com/sweden/trivia.shtml http://facts.randomhistory.com/sweden-facts.html
DON’T BELIEVE EVERYTHING YOU HEAR... When US president Barack Obama visited Sweden in 2013, Associated Press (writer Karl Ritter) published the following list of five of the most common myths about Sweden.
MYTH 1: ALL SWEDES ARE BLOND There are still plenty of fair-haired people on the streets of Stockholm, but immigration from the Middle East, Africa, Latin America and Asia is rapidly changing the makeup of the nation. About 1.5 million of Sweden’s nearly 10 million inhabitants were born in another country. Many others have foreign parents, like Sweden’s most famous athlete - dark-haired soccer star Zlatan Ibrahimovic, who has a Croatian mother and a Bosnian father.
MYTH 4: SWEDEN IS A NEUTRAL COUNTRY By staying out of military alliances, Sweden successfully avoided being dragged into both world wars of the 20th century. But its neutrality was never absolute. The Swedes looked the other way when Hitler’s troops in Nazioccupied Norway used Swedish railways for transit. Since joining the European Union in 1995, Sweden can’t even pretend to be neutral because member states are obliged to help each other in case of an armed aggression. And although the Swedish government often offers assistance through peacekeeping missions and foreign aid, it has continued to send military equipment to regimes accused of human rights abuses.
MYTH 2: SWEDES ARE SOCIALISTS AND PAY THE WORLD’S HIGHEST TAXES Sweden no longer looks like the bloated nanny state it was in the 1970s and ‘80s. After a crippling banking crisis 20 years ago, Sweden took steps to make its economy more competitive, deregulating energy, communication, transport and other sectors and lowering taxes. Sweden still has a relatively generous welfare system and taxes still account for about half of the economy, but neighboring Denmark’s tax rates are even higher.
MYTH 5: THE SWEDISH SIN MYTH 3: SWEDEN HAS THE WORLD’S HIGHEST SUICIDE RATE
For some, Sweden is synonymous with unbridled sexual lust. That reputation stems in part from sexually explicit Swedish movies that drew international attention in the 1960s. However, their relaxed attitudes toward sex and nudity don’t mean Swedes are more promiscuous than other Europeans - or Americans. Swedish views on sexuality have been strongly influenced by women’s emancipation and gender equality. Projections of women as sexual objects are frowned upon. All this is reflected in Sweden’s unusual prostitution law, which outlaws buying sex but not selling it.
That’s never been true, though Sweden ranked high in suicide surveys about 50 years ago. Experts say part of the reason was that at the time, many other countries, including the Soviet Union, didn’t report such statistics accurately. Nowadays, Sweden’s suicide rate is close to the European average. Contrary to common belief, suicides are more common in summertime than during the cold and dark winters. 50
AND NOW, THE NOT-SO-ATTRACTIVE STUFF Sweden isn’t perfect, and by now there is a need to weigh up for all the sugar coated marketing and mention the things that probably won’t impress you. The limited opening hours
this might be perceived as deprecation, but don’t mistake aloofness with rudeness! It probably has something to do with the fact that Sweden, in the latest World Values Survey, is classified as the most individualistic country in the world.
In Sweden many stores close early, especially at weekends. You’ll be hard-pressed to find a store that isn’t a petrol station open past ten in the evening, and a lot is completely closed on Sundays. If you’re in the mood for some alcohol, make sure to plan ahead. Systembolaget, the government-run alcohol store, has as its stated mission ‘to minimise alcohol-related problems by selling alcohol in a responsible way, without profit motive’. So its stores have no special offers, no promotions, and limited opening hours.
The summer shut-down Swedes are entitled to a lot of holiday compared to many other countries. It’s not uncommon to find restaurants and stores shut down for an entire month, usually in July, while employees take their four to six weeks off. Expect that anything from sales, a job search or application, visa processing, business deals or projects to be delayed during July and August, as well as December and January.
The excessive modesty The well-known cultural Swedish concept the Law of Jante, essentially means: “You are not to think you’re anyone special”. Overt self-promotion and achievement is often frowned upon as inappropriate. Not being too loud and not interrupting are important values for many Swedes, which might seem incomprehensible to foreigners. Worth mentioning is also the societal code of conduct lagom, which loosely translated means ‘just enough’, or ‘in moderation’. When used in reference to societal behaviour, it means blending in appropriately without extreme displays of emotion.
The Law of Jante
The consensus culture In the European Values Study of 1984, 45 per cent of the interviewed Swedes responded that they disliked spending time with people whose opinions and values they did not share. In comparison with other Nordic countries (Denmark, 4 %, Norway 6 %, Finland 10 %) this number is skyhigh, and remained the same in a similar study 20 years later. Lack of consensus seems to cause discomfort for Swedes, and the fact that many Swedes spend most of their workday in meetings might also be a symptom of this. The non-hierarchical approach to decision-making permeates most workplaces.
The reserved mentality Some people describe Swedes as reserved and private, especially in public and with people that they do not yet know. The average Swede is probably less likely to talk to a stranger, unless being asked for directions. For a foreigner 51
Foto: Ola Ericson
STOCKHOLM Karolinska Institutet
Stockholm is the cultural, media, political, and economic centre of Sweden. The entire Stockholm metropolitan area, consisting of 26 municipalities, has a population of over 2.2 million, making it the most populous city in the Nordic region. Stockholm is an important global city, and home to some of Europeâ€™s top ranking universities, such as the Stockholm School of Economics, Karolinska Institute and Royal Institute of Technology (KTH).
Photo: Cecilia Larsson Lantz
Stockholm! This beautiful capital, with one of Europeâ€™s largest and best-preserved medieval city centers. The area has been settled since the Stone Age. Stunningly located by the Baltic Sea, built on 14 islands connected by 42 bridges, the city centre is virtually situated on the water. More than 30 per cent of the city area is in fact made up of waterways, and another 30 per cent of parks and green spaces. The Stockholm metro, opened in 1950, is well known for its decoration of the stations; it has been called the longest art gallery in the world.
The organizers share their favourite Stockholm spots We obviously prefer the same psychotherapeutic orientation, perhaps we have the same taste in how to waste time as well? Below you find restaurants, shops, bars and places in the open scientifically proven to be worth a visit. The locations of the recommended spots can be seen on a map on page 41.
Address: Stora Nygatan 6
Address: Karlbergsvägen 46 B
Lovely small bakery/café with great selection of baked goods such as pies, breads and cinnamon buns. Even their sweet treats are often baked without sugar and with full grain flour. Well suited for vegetarians/vegans and people with different kinds of allergies. Rather small place so, best suited for take-away. Why not stock up for the picnic chillout on Sunday?
Ethiopian food at its best. You gather with your friends around a large sourdough-risen bread (“injera”) which you tear a piece of with your hand to grasp stew or salad with. This makes for an unconventional, informal and fun meal, and it tastes great as well! Good for both vegetarians and nonvegetarians.
R Photo: Amanda Westerbom
r y - g e n e ral
Want to enjoy and maybe buy some Swedish craftmanship? Close to one of the central qays you find Svenskt Tenn, an interior design company with style and history, From their website: “Josef Frank’s vision of humane, soft modernism and Estrid Ericsson’s artistry are the foundations of Svenskt Tenn’s interior design philosophy. Together, the duo created a highly personal style with a combination of Viennese elegance and Swedish functionalism.” You can visit the shop just to enjoy the beauty, but also buy for instance an exclusive tray to bring home. They also have a tea room.
Address: Strandvägen 5
ng re s s pre
R N PA X L I N
Foto: Tuukka Ervasti
G on s
Foto: Edvard Andersson
or ship wo r
One thing that I find truly amazing about Stockholm is the closeness of nature. For example you can take a 15 minutes ride with the subway and find yourself at the starting point at a 1000 km long trail, Sörmlandsleden. This trail starts at the subway station Björkhagen from which you can either start a hike that will last for days or maybe just for a few hours. Great opportunities for swimming in lakes as well!
Bergianska trädgården Bergius Botanic Garden Address: Gustavsborgsvägen 4 This is one of my favourite spots in Stockholm, a good place to stroll around and enjoy the beautiful gardens. At Bergianska trädgården there are two greenhouses; in one you can sit down and drink a cup of coffee and have something to eat while you’re pretending
to be in a rainforest, and in the other one you will find a tremendous giant water lily currently setting its own record in how big it can become. In the area you will also find a very nice restaurant in an old orangery called Gamla Orangeriet.
ANDER So ci
Address: Stora Nygatan 41-43
iv iti es wo rk
Photo: Ola ericson
S c i e nt i f i c c
When visiting Stockholm in the summer, you should definitely try to catch one of the steamboat tours of the Stockholm archipelago. Here you can enjoy the view of the archipelago in comfortable salons, have a coffee in the café or perhaps some classic Swedish herring and schnapps in the beautiful dining room. The steamboats will be in traffic until mid-September and leave from downtown Stockholm. I would recommend booking a table for lunch or dinner so you don’t miss out on the excellent food and lovely atmosphere.
Long before professor Sten Rönnbergs epic transatlantic journey from where he brought back CBT to Sweden, the archipelago of Stockholm was populated with boat traveling vikings. At ”Sjätte Tunnan ” (Sixth Barrel) in the Old Town, a short walk from Waterfront, you can be served a costrel of mead (a strong old type of beer that the Vikings drank) in a medieval milieu! In the stone basement vaults you can also eat rustic traditional food aiming for the taste of year 1435.
Le Peloton Bicycle training session
F JOHANS S O
Tr e a s u re r w
For the bicycle enthusiast: join Le Peloton Stockholm, the ultimate training session for any cyclist in Stockholm that is prepared to get up at five in the morning and do the hardest ride of the week before enjoying breakfast with the great friends in the bunch. Wednesdays and most Fridays. Start: 06.00 outside Urban Deli, Sickla.
D E R S o c i al
iv i t i e s w o r k g ro
NIEL BJÖ R
This adorable village restaurant and bar is located on Södermalm, the ”SoHo” of Stockholm. Grab a pizza and a beer, while listening to tango music, and stick around until closing time to hear bartender Urban perform Frank Sinatra’s ”My way” (he does so tirelessly every night).
Get dressed for success at Herr Judit (men’s clothing) or Judits (women’s clothing), both stores located within the same block on Södermalm. Judit mixes carefully selected vintage clothing with the latest collections from brands like Acne, Whyred and Hope, at very reasonable prices. Combine the shopping with a visit to restaurant Rost, just 5 min walking distance from the Judit stores, for a full Södermalm experience.
Address: Wollmar Yxkullsgatan 52
Address: Hornsgatan 65/Hornsgatan 75
e s e c re ta ry Vi c
Selected vintage and second hand stores
Address: Malmgårdsvägen 16-18
Address: Regeringsgatan 88
Into american workwear? 50’s style dresses? Interested in selvage jeans? Travel back in time to when Marilyn Monroe and James Dean were the deal, have a cup of coffee and listen to some rock’n’roll.
Looking for something to eat? Not up for meatballs? At ”Surfers” in central Stockholm you are served delicious Sichuan-type chinese food. If you are into that kind of food, Surfers is highly recommended, and if you are not yet sure this is a great place to find out. Surprisingly affordable.
L I N D S ÄT
Address: Hökens Gata 1
Appreciate craft beer with a twist (or two)? Fancy a pizza with innovative yet super delicious combinations of toppings? Or maybe both? Look no further than Omnipollos Hatt! In 2015 Henok Fentie and Karl Grandin of phantom brewery Omnipollo fame opened the pizza parlour/ bar that since then has gathered a steady following of locals. Join them and enjoy a pizza with pumpkin seeds, almonds and fennel honey, or one with pancetta, chili flakes and vanilla marinated apricot. Wash your pizza down with a mango smoothie I.P.A. or Omnipollos’ most popular beer so far, Leon, an I.P.A. brewed with champagne yeast. Quite small and very popular establishment in trendy Södermalm!
Address: Alstavksvägen 3, Stockholm
When you’ve had enough of research, culture, shopping and restaurants- what could be more relaxing than to mindfully enjoy some kayaking? It doesn’t really matter if you’re a beginner or if you’ve paddled before, if you would like to go for a full day or for just a couple of hours. Just bring yourself, maybe a picnic, and then paddle wherever the stream (or the view) is taking you!
Photo: HENRIK TRYGG
k g ro up
IE BRORE L
K G ala d in
Take a healthy walk on the Slí na Sláinte – the ”Path to Health” (Hälsans stig in Swedish). It is an innovative scheme originally developed by the Irish Heart Foundation and supported by the Swedish Heart-Lung Foundation, to encourage people of all ages and abilities to walk for leisure and good health. It is a 12 km long walk around the waters of Brunnsviken. Along the trail you pass several cafés, a few restaurants, a botanic garden - and the Stockholm University’s Psychological Institution! Allow 2-4 hours for the walk.
ISTER AN D
The Path to Health
la dinne r w o
Take off your shoes after a long congress day and sit down to enjoy an extraordinary well prepared japanese dinner! Vegetables, seafood, meats Blue Light Yokohama invites you to discover the japanese cuisine, piece by piece. Have some green tea to refresh that congress spirit, or why not some sake? After dinner, walk up north to Katarinavägen for a view of the beautiful Stockholm skyline.
I Z He a d o f m
Address: Åsögatan 170
S K AGI
Blue Light Yokohama
TOURIST INFORMATION AT THE CONGRESS There will be a tourist information desk on site at Waterfront, open between 12.45 and 18.00 during the congress, September 1-3. You will be able to ask for sightseeing recommendations, information on how to get around in the city, and help to make dinner plans. For more tourist information: www.visitstockholm.com
THERE IS MORE TO SEE! Why not make the most of your trip and see more of this versatile country? During summer Sweden is a perfect tourist destination that offers everything from northern wilderness to urban sprawl. Sweden is characterized by its long coastline, extensive forests and numerous lakes. It is one of the worldâ€™s northernmost countries, but enjoys a favourable climate thanks to the Gulf stream. The extreme contrasts between the long summer days and equally long winter nights are truly remarkable. On the following pages you will find information about some, but far from all, the Swedish destinations worth visiting.
Photo: Tuukka Ervasti
Gotland is an island located 90 km from the Swedish mainland and ferries depart every day from Nynäshamn, just south of Stockholm. Arriving in Gotland by ferry, you are met by the medieval, walled town of Visby (an UNESCO World Heritage site). Visby is Gotland’s only town and what a town it is; expect and get low-rise, red rose-covered cottages, tall towers, turrets and spires, shady arches and ‘twisty-turny’ cobblestone streets and olde worlde shops. The word ‘charming’ was invented for this town. Park yourself at one of the many cafes and eateries and soak in the medieval surroundings with a contemporary cup of coffee and Gotland speciality saffranspannkaka, a saffron pancake with red berries and cream.
THE WEST COAST
Photo: PER PIXEL PETTERSSON
Gothenburg and the West Coast have got international travel journalists and food bloggers eating out of their hands. World-class seafood, world-class restaurants and a coastline and archipelago to die for. The western archipelago, as it is known, is 8,000 islands, islets and rocks strong. The seascape environment is as spectacular as it is accessible and what you get is calm, sheltered waters for paddlers of all skill levels â€“ no strong currents or tides. There are also plenty of canoeing and kayaking centers that offer guided trips and equipment.
Skåne is the country’s southernmost region and one of northern Europe´s richest farming districts. It´s as pretty as a patchwork quilt with fertile farmlands, forests and lakes littered with castles, manors and museums plus magnificent gardens. A stronghold of the Viking era, you will also find an abundance of medieval churches as well as picture perfect renaissance style villages. The picturesque small town of Ystad – on Skåne´s south coast – is the home of bestselling author Henning Mankell´s police inspector Kurt Wallander. This is the spot to do the Wallander tour and check out the Österlen region, an area of splendid beauty, with gently rolling hills, long white beaches and lush apple groves.
Photo: MÅNS FORNANDER
Photo: NICLAS VESTEFJELL
Northern Sweden, including legendary Swedish Lapland, is unique. Where else can you gaze in wonder at the Northern Lights, go fly-fishing for salmon and arctic char in the midnight sun, or lace up your hiking boots and tackle the world-famous King´s Trail (Kungsleden)? Arctic Circle cities Luleå and Kiruna are the last major outposts of civilization, modernity and comfort just minutes from the wilderness. If you enjoy your visit to the northern part of Sweden, come back during wintertime and stay at the Ice hotel in Jukkasjärvi, go dog sledding with a Sami guide or take an adventurous day trip on a snowmobile.
The texts in Explore Sweden are borrowed from the following website, where you will find more information about what to do on your extended visit to Sweden: www.visitsweden.se
THE KEYNOTE SPEAKERS OF EABCT2016 62
Finding the perfect keynotes for a congress is always difficult, and even more so with a far-reaching theme such as Roots and present branches of CBT. Well aware that we are boastful, it is our sincere conviction that we have created the optimal lineup. These expert researchers and clinicians represent both the historical roots and the cutting edge present branches of CBT, and it is with utmost pride that we now present them to you!
DR. EMILY HOLMES MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit Cambridge, United Kingdom Professor Holmes has a broad track record of research on mental imagery and emotion. She combines an interest in basic research on the mechanisms behind disorders and clinical applications in the treatment of a range of conditions including mood disorders and PTSD. Professor Holmes has close connections to Sweden and speaks Swedish.
DR. ARTHUR FREEMAN
DR. TERRY WILSON
DR. PATRICIA VAN OPPEN
Touro College United States
Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey, United States
VU University Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Professor Freeman is an early pioneer in CBT and has conducted research and training of therapists for many years. He is the author of the book â€? The 10 Dumbest Mistakes Smart People Make: And How to Avoid Themâ€? and several other books for professionals and lay people.
Professor Wilson is one of the founders of modern CBT and has worked with eating disorders and related conditions. He was the editor of Behaviour Research and Therapy for many years. Professor Wilson has a longstanding interest in evidencebased approaches including the role of treatment manuals.
Professor van Oppen has a long track record of innovative CBT research and is an expert in the treatment of OCD. Her group focus on trajectory of anxiety symptoms/diagnoses; specific instrument validation; initiation of new intervention studies in primary and secondary care, and of and treatment and assessment of OCD.
DR. JOANNE DAHL
DR. DAVID M CLARK
DR. ARNOUD ARNTZ
Uppsala University Uppsala, Sweden
University of Oxford Oxford, United Kingdom
University of Amsterdam Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Professor Dahl is a pioneering researcher on the treatment of epilepsy and several other applications of behavior therapy for somatic problems (behavioral medicine). She helped introduce acceptance and commitment therapy in Sweden and has been a mentor for numerous young clinicians and researchers in Sweden.
Professor Clark is well known across the world for his work on panic disorder, social anxiety disorder and several other anxiety disorders. He is behind the IAPT (increasing access to psychological treatment) project in the UK which involves large scale training and implementation of CBT. This was recently summarised in the book Thrive, written together with professor Richard Layard.
Professor Arntz is an expert in personality disorders and anxiety disorders and his work includes both basic and applied research. He is an expert in schema therapy and practice as a clinician. Together with Adam Radomsky he is editor of the Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry.
DR. PAUL EMMELKAMP
DR. SUSAN BĂ–GELS
DR. WINFRIED RIEF
University of Amsterdam Amsterdam, The Netherlands
University of Amsterdam Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Philipps University of Marburg Marburg, Germany
Professor Emmelkamp is one of the founders of modern CBT and has worked with a range of problems including work of anxiety disorders and personality disorders, but also numerous other areas such as workrelated stress, ADHD and early work in the use of the internet in CBT. Together with Edna Foa he was one of the first to focus on failures in behavior therapy.
Professor BĂśgels is an expert on developmental psychopathology and mindfulness. Her work includes both basic and applied research on range of clinical conditions including anxiety disorders, insomnia and ADHD. She is also interested in the role of executive function in the outcome of CBT.
Professor Rief is an expert on somatization and medically unexplained symptoms. He is also interested in placebo and nocebo effects. His works spans over numerous areas in both basic and applied research including treatment trials in behavioral medicine.
DR. ROZ SHAFRAN
DR. LARS-GÖRAN ÖST
DR. LANCE MCCRACKEN
University College London London, United Kingdom
Karolinska Institutet Stockholm, Sweden
King’s College London, United Kingdom
Professor Shafran works with perfectionism and has done much research on eating disorders, body image and related aspects. She has a longstanding interest in transdiagnostic approaches to anxiety and eating disorders, but also issues relating to the training of therapist and dissemination of CBT.
Professor Öst is a leading expert on the treatment of phobias, but also work on applied relaxation, anxiety disorders in children and implementation of CBT in regular care. His work for the Swedish CBT community cannot be overestimated and he helped establish CBT education and supervision in Sweden.
Professor McCracken is an expert on the assessment and treatment of chronic pain using theory and techniques from Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT). Has has also documented treatment outcome in regular practice and also studies on mediators of outcome in the treatment of chronic pain.
DR. ANKE EHLERS
DR. PER CARLBRING
DR. JUDITH BECK
University of Oxford Oxford, United Kingdom
Stockholm University Stockholm, Sweden
Beck Institute for CBT Philadelphia, United States
Professor Ehlers is a leading researcher on PTSD including both basic research and treatment. She is currently working on the mechanisms of change in CBT for PTSD, but also longitudinal studies on anxiety disorders.
Professor Carlbring is a leading researcher in the field of internetbased CBT and has conducted studies on a range of clinical conditions including both anxiety, mood disorders and pathological gambling. He is the editor of the journal Cognitive Behaviour Therapy.
Dr Beck has a long track record of innovative work in cognitive therapy including training of therapists. She is the author of the textbook Cognitive therapy: Basics and beyond, and has also written about many other aspects of cognitive therapy.
SB DR. SUSAN BĂ–GELS University of Amsterdam Amsterdam, The Netherlands
PVO DR. JOANNE DAHL Uppsala University Uppsala, Sweden
DR. PATRICIA VAN OPPEN VU University Amsterdam, The Netherlands
THE KEYNOTE SPEAKERS ON THE PAST, PRESENT AND FUTURE OF CBT Have you ever wondered what the experts in the CBT field thinks about the history of CBT, of the state of CBT right now, and where we might be headed? We wondered, we asked a few of them, and now share the interesting answers.
History: What do you think is important for a young CBT therapist or researcher to know about the history of CBT?
Aaron Beck has always started with clinical material first, working with clients and generating hypotheses about his observations. He tests his hypotheses, refines his theories, and bases treatment on these theories, continually testing and improving the validity of his theories and the efficacy of treatment. He continues to do so to this day, in his work with individuals with schizophrenia. Researchers should follow his lead, always treating clients to inform their work. And they should learn to treat clients outside of their specialty area, for example, clients with different ages, cultures, genders, diagnoses, and so on, so they can maintain a broad perspective. 68
As CBT practitioner itâ€™s important to know that historically CBT is mainly evidence based driven. For example, in comparison with psychodynamic therapy, which is mainly anecdotal driven. So to know about history of CBT means also to have the knowledge of earlier experimental findings which are often nowadays significant in clinical practice.
Looking over the three generations of behaviour therapy, I would say the most important thing is to filter out the common denominators of clinical research in treatment. Topographically speaking many interventions look opposing and there is much unnecessary polarisation between different branches and generations of behaviour therapy. This may seem confusing. But filtering through the form and content of interventions you will find the functional base. Looking
LM DR. LANCE MCCRACKEN King’s College London, United Kingdom
DR. JUDITH BECK Beck Institute for CBT Philadelphia, United States
DR. ROZ SHAFRAN University College London London, United Kingdom
WR DR. WINFRIED RIEF Philipps University of Marburg Marburg, Germany
that people forget about the wisdom that was collected over the years, and therapists “fly” from one latest development to the other, like a butterfly flies from one flower to the next. I do not want to disregard the merits of present CBT developments, but current developments only make sense if they are rooted and well connected to experiences and developments of the past.
at function rather than form will help you to identify the effective common components of psychotherapy.
The history of CBT is complex and can be hard to trace. One of the reasons of this is that CBT is not one stream or path. There are different streams, paths, or branches. I feel it is important to know some of the roots, behavior analysis, and operant principles, for example. It is also important to know we are not done – we do not have the final correct form of CBT. It is still evolving.
Present: What is, in your opinion, most exciting about CBT today?
I think it is important to bear in mind that the history of CBT is grounded in the phenomenology of the clinical presentation. The CBT therapists and researchers that I most admire are continually inspired by their patients. The interaction of phenomenology-theory development-experimental analysis has led to the treatment developments that most impact on people’s lives. I also think that CBT therapists and researchers should bear in mind the importance of being able to clearly and concisely communicate research and clinical ideas to patients, colleagues and the public so that it can make a durable impact.
I think any CBT therapist should learn about Pavlov’s and Skinner’s conditioning experiments, Seligman’s learned helplessness experiments, and about Aaron Beck’s development of cognitive therapy for depression by observing the thinking patterns of his patients.
There are many different directions the field is going in today, but I’ll just choose one, something that we’re heavily involved in at the Beck Institute: developing online training programs for therapists. So many mental health professionals throughout the world can’t afford existing training programs or can’t travel to attend workshops or conferences. With today’s technology, we can train many more mental health and health professionals in evidence-based treatments. So many more people, with a range of problems, can be helped.
That CBT is a no-nonsense evidence based therapy and in this therapy modality there is an immense amount of recent relevant clinical and experimental research findings. Until now this field is still in progress.
I think today there seems to be a paradigm shift that is very exciting from symptom reduction to more pro life quality, pro social movements. I think this is a venue that psychologists can greatly contribute to and in so doing help better mental health for masses of people.
The current success of CBT is mainly based on developments of the past, not on “modern” or trendy current developments. Sometimes I am concerned 69
Today there are fresh and new philosophies, principles, and processes. I feel this is a time when radical ideas can appear, then we can have discussions, plans studies, and watch what the data show. It is also as if a new paradigm could appear.
I believe that CBT will be even more important in the future than it is nowadays. CBT has proven to be an structured effective treatment for all different forms of mental disorders, with different therapist, and has mostly a duration in between 12 to 20 session. Furthermore CBT is highly structured and different CBT interventions are relatively easy to provide online in combination with face to face treatment. So mostly CBT is manageable in clinical practice and will have a significant place in the future.
What is exciting about CBT today also makes me anxious - Transdiagnostic approaches. The potential is enormous but the challenge is to harness the benefits of a transdiagnostic approach without losing the gains that have been made from understanding specific disorders. Transdiagnostic does not equal generic. I also think the work on personalised treatment is incredibly exciting.
The role of mindfulness-based interventions across disorders, across ages, across settings (health care, school, workplace), and across who gets trained (policy makers, professionals, parents, patients) in reducing psychopathology and improving wellbeing.
I believe the names we are using like CBT, ACT, PDT etc will disappear and we will instead talk about evidence based psychological treatments. Internet treatment with smartphones I think will replace clinics and most face to face treatments. Ecological momentary assessment will replace the massive self rating reports we have used for the last 50 years. Psychological treatment will be less about symptom reduction and more about how I can contribute.
CBT offers the most flexible and creative platform for psychological interventions. The close link to basic psychological concepts and to research offers a motor for continuous developments. I also appreciate the creativity of single experts, their latest proposals and ideas, but CBT developments only receive a deeper sense if they are integrated in a larger context of the CBT family. I deeply enjoy that CBT offers such a broad bouquet of interventions, and therapists can select the most effective ones depending on the clinical problem.
Prediction: CBT will look and sound different in the future. If we are lucky we will see that some of our human behavior has got in the way of us finding a better science of behavior and better treatment methods. When we see how our own behavior includes blocks, hopefully we will also see how to get around them.
Of course! I hope that CBT will be one of a number of effective therapies that are freely available in a variety of formats and intensities and that we will be able to better predict the right intervention for an individual at any given time.
Future: Any predictions for the future? Will there be a place for CBT in the future?
Internet applications of CBT will become more and more important and as a result many more people across the world will be able to benefit from CBT.
Yes — and the treatment for certain disorders may look somewhat different from how it looks today, based on advances in research and technology. And I hope more people will adopt a different view of CBT. Many professionals believe that CBT is defined by its use of cognitive and behavioral strategies. But that’s too narrow a definition. CBT should be seen as a system of psychotherapy that is based on the cognitive model, not based on its use of certain techniques. In fact, with clients with personality disorders, we often adapt techniques from a range of psychotherapeutic modalities, used in the context of the cognitive model, such as strategies more commonly associated with Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, Dialectical Behavior Therapy, Gestalt Therapy, Psychodynamic Psychotherapy, Interpersonal Psychotherapy, Positive Psychology, and a number of others. CBT will continue to be a major force in mental health treatment as long as research studies show equal or better outcomes for both treatment and relapse prevention.
There are still many new fields to conquer, and CBT offers the most creative and adaptive way of developing effective interventions, especially if it keeps the close linkage to other scientific developments, e.g., in psychology and neuroscience. In my field of expertise, I expect more and more effective CBT interventions for medical problems, and I will present some of them in my keynote. Moreover, we should overcome questions like “which treatment is most effective in general”; instead we should more and more develop “personalized psychotherapy approaches”. What is the best treatment for a patient with a specific disorder, with specific personality features, attitudes, and social environment, with a specific biological constitution and a specific history? At this point again, we need the variety of existing approaches, and better research for evidence based selections and combinations of treatment tools.
THE STOCKHOLM PSYCHIATRY LECTURES The Stockholm Psychiatry Lectures is a series of high profile scientific lectures arranged by the Center for Psychiatry Research at Karolinska Institutet and the Stockholm County Council. The lecture series, held since 2009, have been spanning a diverse range of issues from evolutionary aspects all the way to clinical topics such as psychiatry implications of migration. The purpose of the lectures series is to bring together clinicians and researchers to listen and discuss with thought leaders in our field. The lectures can be watched in High Definition on YouTube-channel www.youtube.com/ psychiatrylectures. The autumn schedule for 2016 has the following lectures scheduled, all given at Karolinska Institutet.
Professor David M Clark, Oxford University, UK: “Developing and disseminating effective psychological therapies: science, politics and economics”. August 30, 15:00 - 17:00 Professor Vikram Patel, Professor of International Mental Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK and Public Health Foundation of India, IN, “Psychological Treatments for the World: Lessons from Low and Middle Income Countries”. October 5, 15:00 - 17:00 Professor Scott o. Lilienfeld, Emory University, US: ”Beneath the mask: The search for successful psychopathy“. November 8, 15:00 - 17:00
The lecture given by David M Clark during the congress week (Tuesday, August 30) will be presented at the Nobel Forum at Karolinska Institutet, a 3 km walk from Waterfront Congress Centre.
A TRIBUTE TO STEN RÖNNBERG - THE SWEDISH GRAND MASTER OF CBT
Not far from the capital Stockholm lied the ancient city of Uppsala, that once upon a time was proposed to be the remnants of the sunken civilization Atlantis. There stood the Uppsala Citadel, the Cathedral and the University. But the old city of Uppsala, as well as the rest of Sweden, was covered in darkness. The scientific theories of the human mind were neglected, scattered and oblique. Few had ever heard the terms ‘reinforcement’, ‘cognition’, or ‘schema’. From that pitch black vacuum a young farmer son from the cold north Sweden arose. It was Sten Rönnberg.
he grim northern wind traveled its usual course from the Gulf of Bothnia, over the medieval Kalix church tower, through the great pine forests, and landed firmly in the back of the head of a young man chopping wood at his family farm. Suddenly the young man froze up, disturbing the perfectly executed decade long daily routine of milking cows, repairing fences and cutting timber. But it wasn’t the cold wind that caused the young man to stretch his back and stare at the horizon. It was something else... And suddenly the brief critical moment was over. The young man put the axe in the chopping block one last time, and left the muckrake swaying in the wind. He left his family farm without ever looking back. His name was Sten Rönnberg, the world was waiting for him.
Sten Rönnberg grew up in Bondersbyn, a small rural village near the Finnish border. The times were hard, the northern weather was cold and the family poor. After finishing elementary school, Sten spent twelve years of hard manual labor on the family farm. One afternoon Stens life changed forever. It was a fierce, sudden insight that made him leave the axe sitting in the chopping block: he wasn’t suited for manual labor. Sten Rönnberg left the family farm and traveled south to acquire an education.
After the second world war Russia renounced psychoanalysis. Following the path of Ivan Petrovitj Pavlov, Joseph Wolpe received training in induced experimental neurosis and counter conditioning in the 1940’s in South Africa. In Sweden however, the tides of time broke slower. 72
Photo: Unknown photograph/private archive
In 1964 a gifted student was put in the limelight for the first, but certainly not the last time. As the 600 page report on the disciplinary problems of pupils in Swedish schools was released to the press, many had questions. But no one was there to answer them; the author himself was vanished. Maybe it was his genes. Maybe it was model learning from his parents. Maybe it was Sten Rönnberg’s insatiable hunger for knowledge. The gifted student had been the first to be granted an international scholarship, a ‘carte blanche’, for studying children with emotional disturbances. It suited him perfectly! Sten Rönnberg had already embarked the transatlantic ship ‘Kungsholm’ with destination New York City.
Sten Rönnberg working on the family farm. brim with manuscripts, treatment material and articles. During the great journey across the sea an idea had been firmly planted in his mind: to introduce and implement Behavior Therapy in Sweden! Sten Rönnberg was now ready to ‘work with the mouth’, as his mother once had described it on the family farm.
Many who had been ahead of their time, had to wait for her in very uncomfortable quarters ‹‹
On the evening of the 19 February 1968 Sten Rönnberg held a legendary lecture at Uppsala University, covering the theory and applications of behavior modification. ‘The rest is’, borrowing David Barlow’s words, ‘history as they say’. And so the ancient city of Uppsala that throughout history had housed so many brilliant thinkers and illustrious scientists, found itself suddenly witnessing the birth of a new paradigm shift: Behavior Therapy.
The journey continued to Detroit, where Sten Rönnberg soon stumbled upon behavior modification and was fascinated by the workability and the scientific evaluation of the method. It wasn’t long before the Swedish student abandoned his psychoanalytic and somewhat puzzled host, and turned his gaze towards new horizons. Over the course of three months Sten Rönnberg visited everyone who worked in the field of behavior modification. He visited schools, hospitals, psychiatric wards and research programs. Sten traveled many thousands of miles around the North American continent: visiting Donald Baer in Lawrence, Sidney Bijou in Seattle, Ivar Loovas in Los Angeles, Teodoro Ayllon in Temple, Kansas City, Stanford… Later on mathematical calculations would estimate the distance of Sten’s epic travels to 1.5 times around the globe. Sten slept in cheap hotels, in the homes of researchers and sometimes even on buses. This was alright too, Sten figured, when you’re young and healthy.
But history doesn’t write itself. Progress is never easy and seldom quick. As polish writer Stanisław Jerzy Lec once put it: ‘Many who had been ahead of their time, had to wait for her in very uncomfortable quarters’. During the coming years Rönnberg numerous times found himself utterly appalled by the lack of knowledge and interest in the exciting new psychological interventions that occurred in the rest of the world. And he wasn’t afraid to speak his mind. As a gifted and creative psychologist Sten Rönnberg planned ambitious projects in organizations, often resulting in personal access to top boardrooms with high executives. The result was equally often the same: great projects stranded by the ideals of conservatism. As in his youth, Sten walked ahead. He was often guided by the recurring thought: ‘I can’t stay here. In 15 years I’ll become like these people’.
On the morning of Christmas day in 1965, Sten set foot on Swedish soil once again. In his right hand he no longer carried an axe or a muckrake, but a large trunk filled to the 73
Photo: Unknown photograph/private archive.
In the north part of Sweden where Sten grew up there’s an old folklore saying: ‘Tala me toka och kut ikapp me kalva, dä gå int!’ (loosely translated: ‘It is impossible to speak with fools and to run after calves’). In essence it describes the difficulties with trying to persuade a person with an opposite perspective. Maybe Sten Rönnberg wasn’t aware of the expression of his forefathers. Maybe he turned to other sources for advice at this point in time. That fact is concealed in history. What we do know is that the first book Sten Rönnberg wrote, ‘An Introduction to Behavior Modification and Behavior Therapy’, sold out in one month. It wasn’t long before the book was reviewed in the daily press as ‘dangerous’ with some comparing it to Nazism, others to dystopian literature such as ‘Brave New World’, ‘Kallocain’ and ‘A Clockwork Orange’. Ahead lied 15 years where Sten Rönnberg and his ‘new methods’ was associated with practically every malicious idea in society in the daily press.
analysis in behavior therapy. He started courses in behavior modification and founded a new organization of psychotherapy The Swedish Association of Behavior Therapy, together with a young student by the name of Lars-Göran Öst. Later on the newly established Swedish association took part in the First European Congress of Behaviour Therapy which was held in Munich 1971. The congress was the starting point for the European Association of Behaviour Therapy, which was established the same year. Sten Rönnberg continued to publish books, articles and lists of literature in various clinical fields of behavior therapy such as affection, behavior analysis, mindfulness, pathological gambling and alcohol use disorder. From the North American trunk and ‘mouth’ of Sten Rönnberg, Behavior Therapy spread from city to city like a beacon, throughout the whole country of Sweden. Forty-five years later CBT is recommended as first choice of treatment for anxiety and depression, as well as addictions. It was a long time since the Swedish press labeled CBT as a dangerous method. Today the upset reports instead concerns the difficulties in receiving evidence based CBT treatments within the healthcare system due to organizational problems. The Swedish Association of Behavior Therapy is now over a thousand members strong, and is one of the partners that organizes EABCT2016. Few psychologists can even imagine that ‘being a behaviorist’ used to be an accusation.
Sten Rönnberg tried to influence his colleagues by joining the board of Centre of Psychotherapy. The other members thought Sten was a nice man with good psychodynamic values deep down inside. Then Sten Rönnberg started to talk about the exciting new treatment methods he had witnessed in America. And so, for the first time in history the Centre of Psychotherapy banned a member for belonging to a therapeutic school. His name was Sten Rönnberg and the accusation was ‘being a behaviorist’. Constant dropping wears away the stone. However, it’s also fair to say that the process is more effective if the water drop is a hard headed one, emanating from the Gulf of Bothnia.
Today professor emeritus Sten Rönnberg lives a quiet life in the small rural village he grew up in. Bondersbyn now has a great reference library of more than 5000 titles in psychology and health, a stone’s throw from where Sten Rönnberg once left the axe sitting in the chopping block. Sten Rönnberg carries the weight of great wisdom that only old age and a great forest of read books can harvest. The Swedish Grand Master of CBT is unfortunately prohibited to attend this conference but sends an invitation to the participants of EABCT2016 and current researchers of CBT: ‘Be more creative’.
Sten Rönnberg picked up his large North American trunk, and returned to the university once again. He resumed the strict daily work routine of his adolescence. Instead of an axe or a muckrake, he was equipped with an armory of transatlantic manuscripts, treatment material and articles. Sten Rönnberg wrote a thesis on behavior 74
The driving force for us working with EABCT2016 has all along been the belief in CBT interventions, the passion for evidence based treatments and the vision of an even stronger CBT community across the globe. The scientific as well as the social programme of the congress is based on this, so we thought; why not get the love for CBT visualized? The result of this is placed in your congress bag.
SHOW THE LOVE! 1) Remove the clear plastic surface and press the temporary tattoo onto clean and dry skin (design facing down). 2) Hold a wet towel/napkin on the tattoo for about 30 seconds. Press down and make sure to wet it thoroughly, as still as possible. 4) Remove the wet towel/napkin and wait a minute for it to dry. 5) Done!
Resistant about combining “love” and ”CBT” in the same sentence, and putting it on your body? Experiencing creepy cult-vibes? Don’t worry, the tattoos are temporary and will be easily removed after the congress. In your congress bag (made from organic cotton) you’ll also find the ‘I love CBT’ water bottle. The bottle, made from biodegradable material, allows unlimited refills of the famously clean and tasty Stockholm tap water.
JOANNE DAHL ON THE CONCEPT OF PREJUDICE Speaking of the relationship between love and CBT - another interesting perspective is how a CBT framework can be used to create empathy and understanding. Professor JoAnne Dahl, keynote speaker at the EABCT2016, will be holding the pre-congress workshop; ‘Workshop on the prevention of prejudice: using perspective taking to develop empathy and psychological flexibility’. The aim is to present an intervention program, recently developed for use in a clinical psychology program in Sweden. The aim of the program is to reduce racism and increase empathy and human connection over race, gender, culture and religion. For those of you who won’t get the chance to participate in JoAnne Dahl’s workshop, we e-mailed her some questions (which she gladly answered) regarding the concept of prejudice and the possible interventions from a CBT perspective. psychological rigidity where the individual appears to be ‘stuck’ and identified with a certain perspective. We all carry prejudices resulting from our learning history and becoming aware of these stereotyped categorizations can help us choose to act with compassion rather than react with avoidance. CBT interventions can help the individual to see a prejudice thought as just a thought and not the truth.”
How can the cognitive behavioural framework be used to conceptualize prejudice? “Discrimination comes in many forms, settings and costs and prejudice affects anyone we can group and apply evaluative labels to. Studies have shown that health care providers hold stereotypes based on race, class, sex and other characteristics that in fact influence interpretations of behaviours, symptoms, as well as clinical decisions and treatment. Health care workers often seem unaware of the stereotypes or stigma they carry. So far, most programs for dealing with this problem have been focusing on improving health care providers’ cross-cultural communication skills, which have had only limited effects.
Tell us a bit about the intervention program and how it’s used training the psychology students? “If we seriously want to reduce the trend towards racism, we need to understand and disseminate the psychological components driving this behaviour. Based on that understanding we need to develop interventions that can help to encourage human connection over race, gender, culture and religion.
Research has shown that individuals tend to show generalised prejudice, i.e. negative attitudes towards many different groups. Personality research has more recently shown that prejudicial attitudes towards a range of targets tend to correlate and to comprise a latent variable. This implies that although unique forms of prejudice is specific, a significant portion of the variance in prejudice is common across target groups. It is possible though, that by focusing on variables central to existing CBT interventions, we may be able to identify functionally important variables that can be targeted to reduce generalised prejudice.
The opposite of racism is empathy. Empathy involves the ability to understand another person from their cultural, social background, present situation, skills, special challenges along with their values and goals, and use this understanding to aid this other person towards their goals. One example of a general intervention targeting general prejudice is empathy training, and in particular the subcomponents of empathic concern, which is feeling sympathy and compassion for others, along with
From a CBT perspective, prejudice is conceptualized as 76
perspective taking, which is adopting others’ psychological point of view. Anyone working with people benefit from the skill of being able to take the perspective of the one they aim to help. Perspective taking skills, which is seen as the most important component in an empathetic way of relating to others, has been found to be effective in terms of patient satisfaction as well as caregiver’s well-being. There is research showing that training in perspective taking and empathy leads to better and more effective help for clients, and also less stress and burnout among therapists. In addition, the processes entailed in empathy can be operationalised, disseminated and taught as a skill. My research team and I are presently evaluating an empathy training program based on perspective taking for students in the clinical psychology program at Uppsala University. This program is being used as a substitute for the ‘own psychotherapy’ that was previously required of students in clinical psychology in Sweden. Students receive training for two semesters at the beginning of their clinical program with the program that is based on strategies from Acceptance and commitment strategies (ACT). The program involves increasing awareness of automatic prejudice reactions, exploring negative consequences of trying to suppress these reactions, and accepting these reactions without denying or acting on them. Further, the program involves training in defusing from the content of these thoughts and then re-orienting to chosen values and making commitments to guide intergroup interactions. The participants also learn that to notice prejudiced thoughts without judging, for example ”You are having prejudiced thoughts, it’s okay, it’s a part of your history, and you can choose how to respond to them”. The effects of the program are being evaluated using measures of psychological flexibility, perspective taking skills, empathy skills, self-rated stress, quality of life and stigma. We hope to have the first results in about 6 months from now.“
In what way do you think CBT can be used to increase compassion in the world; today and in the future? “CBT psychologists need to be evolved not only for individual clients but also for groups, organisations and communities to help prevent stigma, prejudice and resulting hate crimes. The CBT perspective can also be used to increase compassion and cooperation between people, and recently the concept of reinforcing prosocial behavior has emerged, which is a cooperation between cognitive behaviour scientists and clinicians, and evolutionary scientists. The prosocial concept may be one way to prevent prejudice and increase compassion.” 77
THE VALUES OF EABCT2016 Gathering a couple of thousand people, regardless of the reason, is an excellent opportunity to do some influencing. At a very early stage, the organizing committee decided that a few important values would permeate the whole arrangement, and in every decision during the process these values were kept in mind. Erica Skagius Ruiz, head of marketing, knows more about this.
Which values have been considered in the planning of the congress? Why these? “We have chosen to add a dimension to the execution of this congress by using three valued directions: gender equality, environmental awareness/sustainability and relationships and socializing. We see them as important aspects for long term wellbeing in our society and they naturally both accompany, and can be influenced by, the knowledge derived from CBT.”
Erica Skagius Ruiz Regarding environmental awareness we have made quite a few choices. For example, by choosing vegetarian lunches, and nudging* towards a plant based first hand alternative for the gala dinner, we take a strong stand for sustainability. According to a UN report from 2010 (Assessing the Environmental Impacts of Consumption and Production) a shift towards plant based diets is vital to save the world from the worst impacts of climate change. As of now 39 per cent of the Gala Dinner attendants have chosen the vegetarian dinner! The Vasa museum’s restaurant buy their ingredients from local farmers and try to stay as eco-friendly as possible. They take carbon footprint into consideration, choose for example packaging and detergent that are kind to the environment, and use only products that promote a healthier planet.
In what specific ways will these values be noticeable to the congress visitor? “One example that we are very proud of is that the scientific committee carefully has chosen Keynote speakers with gender balance in consideration. This has also been a well thought on matter when creating the advertisements, newsletters and the imagery on the website. It has been a continuous discussion when planning the opening ceremony, the gala dinner, the recreation areas and of course the scientific programme.
The venue, Stockholm Waterfront congress center, has a world class energy solution with 1040 square meters of solar collectors, and is said to be one of the most energy efficient buildings in the world. Another thing is that we have put an effort to make a deal for reduced train fares for all congress attendees. With this, we want to promote visitors to take the train instead of gasoline driven travel options. The price reduction of 10% is valid for national trains in Sweden (and also from Norway) to and from Stockholm during the time before, during and after the congress. Needless to say, the coffee served at Waterfront is fair trade marked. Water is an important issue as well. The tap water in Sweden is in excellent condition and we want to minimise the use of bottled water. Check your congress bag for a treat that will help out to fulfill this goal! Speaking of congress bags, they are made of organic cotton and we hope that the quality and design will encourage delegates to reuse it for other purposes. Last but definitely not least, the valued direction of relationships and socialising. This is what this congress is all about! We have planned recreation areas for leisure and spontaneous encounters. The social programme is extensive with no less than 11 social activities. Our presence in social media is something that hopefully has connected delegates already and can promote further networking. The expo will be a natural space for exploring and for sure will serve as a conversation starter. Many of the visitors have already personalised their badge with something that describe them which can also serve as an invitation to socialize. Another way in which this shines through is the general focus on the people behind; in this magazine, on the website, in social media and in the expo. By ‘people behind’ referring to the congress organizers, the EABCT-reps, the EABCT board, each of the member associations, and all the CBT-enthusiasts that have been given so much of their time through the years. All in all we want to create opportunities that spark curiosity about one another, and facilitate taking that first step, which can be a little daunting at times!”
What do you hope to achieve by incorporating these values in the congress? “I hope that it will create awareness in a joyful way and promote a feeling of inclusion and joint responsibility for matters that should be important to all of us!” * Nudging is a concept in behavioural science, political theory and economics which argues that positive reinforcement and indirect suggestions to try to achieve non-forced compliance can influence the motives, incentives and decision making of groups and individuals, at least as effectively – if not more effectively – than direct instruction, legislation, or enforcement. (Source: Wikipedia)
Waterfront Congress centre, and Radisson Blu Waterfront Hotel behind it. Radisson Blu Waterfront Hotel Stockholm was the first building in Sweden to achieve the LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) certification; this is a green building program that recognizes “best-in-class” building strategies for a new construction. Part of this achievement is owed to the fact that 100% of the material from the previous building was used to reconstruct the hotel as it is today. A huge double glass wall acts as an energy collector which generates on average 1 MW of heat energy each day, teamed with LED and long life lighting this significantly reduces the carbon footprint of the venue. The hotel also utilises its surrounding resources by using 250 tonnes of water from the lake to cool the building, a great example of how the hotel plays an active role in protecting and preserving the local environment.
Psychology in podcasts Psychology-related podcasts have become more and more popular, illuminating the field from scientific, clinical, academic, self-perceived and humoristic perspectives. Some of them have thousands of downloads daily! Here’s a selection of popular Swedish and international ones.
Jäkla människa & Rock’n’roll-forskning
You Are Not So Smart You Are Not So Smart is an American fun exploration of the ways people tend to develop an undeserved confidence in human perception, motivation, and behavior. Host David McRaney interviews scientists on their research about how the mind works, aiming to rediscover a humility and reconnect with the stumbling, fumbling community of man trying to make sense of things the best we can.
Mattias Lundberg, Associate Professor in Psychology at Umeå University, aims to make psychology approachable in his and comedian Jan Bylund podcast Jäkla människa (“Darn human”). Mattias Lundberg is also the creator of video podcast Rock’n’roll forskning (Rock’n’roll science), which he makes together with Stefan Söderfjäll (who has a PhD in Psychology).
Invisibilia is a podcast about the invisible forces that control our behavior: ideas, beliefs, assumptions and emotions. Co-hosted by journalists Lulu Miller, Hanna Rosin and Alix Spiegel, Invisibilia interweaves narrative storytelling with scientific research in an effort to make you look at your life differently, by posing questions like “do you think that the thoughts that you have in your head could influence how that rat moves through space?” or “do you need eyes to see?”
In Psyket (“Psyche”), host Emmy Rasper talk with famous Swedish people about their current and former mental well-being. The aim is to demonstrate the commonality of sometimes feeling bad. Psyket is produced by Sveriges Radio, a non-commercial public service radio broadcaster.
Ångestpodden In Ångestpodden (”The Anxiety Podcast”), the hosts Ida Höckerstrand and Sofie Hallberg, together with their listeners learn about mental illness and discuss things often troublesome to young people. ”The Anxiety Podcast” is currently one of the fastest growing podcast in Sweden with 250,000 listeners each month.
The Psychology Podcast In The Psychology Podcast Dr. Scott Barry Kaufman gives you insights into the mind, brain, behavior and creativity. Each episode features a guest, e.g. a psychologist, author or scientists, who will stimulate your mind, and give you a greater understanding of yourself, others, and the world we live in.
Psykologiradion This podcast (”The psychology radio”) is produced by Psykologpartners W&W AB, the leading psychologist consulting company in the Nordic region. Recently the focus has been broadened from an essentially clinician-patient orientation to including expert psychologists outside of the own company as well, with hope to reach the general public.
ACT in Context ACT in Context takes the listeners on a journey from the history and development of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy through its clinical application and the future of the work. The focus is on ACT, but it will often touch upon several related issues such as behavioral principles, the underlying theory of language and philosophy of science.
SPO N SO RS, BOO K PU BL IS H E R S A N D E X H IB ITO R S
SPO N SORS , B O O K P U B L IS H E R S A N D E XH I B I TORS
FRIENDS OF THE CONGRESS and BOOK PUBLISHERS
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy at the Crossroads 9th WORLD CONGRESS OF BEHAVIOURAL AND COGNITIVE THERAPIES
Berlin,17-20 July 2019
www.wcbct 2019.org 83
THE WEB EABCT 2016