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Landscape + Architecture Portfolio selected works 2012 - 2016

E r fa n Fa ra h m a n d


EDUCATION 2009/09- 2012/02 Shahid Beheshti University - Tehran , Iran Master of Landscape Architecture 2005/09-2009/07 Shiraz University - Shiraz , Iran Bachelor of Architecture

EXPERIENCE 2016/11-present

TU DELFT / faculty of architecture and the built environment


EBA[M] /

N a m e : E r f a n Fa ra h m a n d Place and Date of Birth : Tehran, Iran - March 28 , 1987 Citizenship : Iranian


[Shift] Process Practice /


The Grand Mosalla of Tehran - Executive Department /

Civil Status : Married


Emco Iran Consulting Engineers /


Sinam Consulting Engineers /


CONTACT INFORMATION Leeghwaterstraat 342, 2628 LX Delft, Netherlands (+31) 6 17 66 15 27 farahmand_landscape-architect


Research Assistant : "Global Landscape of Oil - mapping oil around North Sea" Senior Designer - Project Manager Senior Designer - Project Manager

Architecture/Landscape Consultant Junior Landscape Designer Internship

Autodesk AutoCad SketchUp + V-Ray Rhinoceros 3ds Max


Atodesk Revit Adobe Photoshop Adobe InDesign Adobe Illustrator

Persian : Native English : Advanced (TOEFL iBT Score 93) Dutch : Elementary proficiency Arabic : Rudimentary Knowledgee

MS Office ArcGIS Model Making Hand Sketching


Third Prize / Pardisan Mixed-Use Complex

Client : National Land and Housing Organization of Iran

2016/01 Participant / Urban Design Competition of Azerbaijan Square Client : Tabriz Municipality 2015/10 Second Prize / Urban Landscape Competition of Tehran Eco-Corridor Promenade Client : Tehran Municipality 2015/03 Second Prize / "Qibla Plaza" Architecture and Urban Design Competition (2nd stage) Client : Mashhad Municipality - Astan Quds Razavi 2014/10 First Prize / "Qibla Plaza" Architecture and Urban Design Competition (1st stage) Client : Mashhad Municipality - Astan Quds Razavi 2014/03 Second Prize / Golgasht Complex Landscape Design Competition Client : The Grand Mosalla of Tehran 2013/11 First Prize / 266-Unit Residential Complex of Qom Construction Engineering Organization Design Competition Client : The Grand Mosalla of Tehran 2013/04 First Prize / Concept Design Competition of Namak-Abrood Residential Twin Towers Client : Shiva-Atlas Consulting Engineers 2012/08 First Prize / Niayesh-Sadr Tunnel Entrance and Surrounding Landscape Design Competition Client : Tehran Municipality 2011/06 Participant / IFLA 2011 International Student Competition Client : IFLA 2011 , Zurch , Switzerland


"farahmand collaborative teams' qibla plaza proposal for mashhad" , designboom online magazine .


"Recreating a sustainable image in cultural landscape, a case study on Eastern Azarbayejan Earthquake ,Iran" , ECLAS 2013 Annual Conference , Hamburg , Germany .


"Post-Industrial Landscape, a New Field of Landscape Architecture - Review on theories and approaches" , MANZAR magazine, No.16 .


[01] [02] [03] [04] [05] [06]

Azerbaijan Square Golgasht Masterplan Pardisan Mixed-Use Complex Namak-Abrood Green Towers

Golgohar Mining Co. Campus Masterplan Pardisan 266-unit Social Housing Zaferanieh Residential Complex Landscaping

Proffesional Projects (Collaboration with offices)

[10] [11] [12] [13]

Tehran Eco-Corridor Promenade

Proffesional Projects (Independent)

[07] [08] [09]

Qibla Urban Plaza

Chitgar Artificial Lake Sorrounding Landscape Design Sirous Neighborhood Housing Development Safaeieh Mixed-use Tower Harandi Theme Park Landscape Design

Academic Projects

[14] [15]

Neishabur Culture and Heritage Garden Master of Landscape architecture Final Thesis

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Mashhad—home to the shrine of the 8th Imam of Shiites— is the most significant religious city in Iran which attracts more than 25 million visitors per year. The obvious need for

Qibla Urban Plaza

reorganization of the surrounding urban fabric of the shrine

Project Type : Competition / 2nd prize winner

decisions in the recent Master Plan of the city. The Master

Location : Mashhad , Iran Project year : 2015

and providing facilities for the visitors has lead to major Planning Vision has shifted from the strategy of isolation

Cooperating as : Head of design team , concept design and development , 3D model

of the shrine via a green belt to a strategy of reconnection

(SketchUp)and presentation documents , rendering and post-production.

via boulevards. These boulevards are lined with large scale

Design team : Elmira Jafari , Meysam Amirsadat , Abbas Sarrami

buildings with pilgrim accommodation and shopping as major

Technical team : Morteza Malek-Jafarian , Masoud Mofid , Hossein Vaseghi , Amir Rouhi , Majid Amirabadi

functions. The site of the competition is located at the end of one of these main boulevards meeting two main gateways to the religious site. Located at south-western side of the Holy Shrine complex or at the direction of Qibla (direction to Mecca), the proposal for "Qibla Plaza" architecture and urban design competition, which won the first prize in the first stage (curated from 129 submissions) and the second prize in the second stage (limited competition) , offers modest exposure and spectacular views to the city’s most symbolic landmark.


1. Analysis of the contextual forces

2. Responding to the contextual forces

6. Integration of the plaza surface with the lower 7. Centrality and extended view from the lower levels levels


3. Interactive surface: Positioning the openings to the below

4. The optimum proportion to provide extendedd view

5. Sunken gardens at the sides: Pedestrian flow to the below

8. Elliptical deme shaped structure: Emphasis on Qibla axis + Central access

9. Central void: Continuous movement and legibility

10. Connecting trail between two major bazzars athe the sides of the plaza

According to the project vision, "Qibla Plaza" is the most significant urban interface space to connect city to the religious complex located at the historical center of Mashhad. The plaza is mainly programmed as an in-between space to facilitate entry and exit of pilgrims to the complex alongside hosting events and overflow crowd during Special Occasions. Additionally the project will consist of 6 levels of urban subterranean space including public transport stations, public spaces and facilities, besides access to the underground level of the religious complex at level -1, commercial and cultural spaces at level -2, 1302 parking spaces at levels -3 and -4 , line 3 subway station and related spaces at levels -5 and -6. The team was to deal with multifaceted challenges of the site, while taking into consideration religious significance and unique potentials of the context. The major problems to cope with are severe interference of pedestrian movement to and from gateways with vehicle traffic at the site, the urgent need to increase connectivity between surrounding urban fabric and the religious complex and last but not least promote integrity of some outstanding urban and historic focal points at the peripheries of the site.


"Multi-functional active surface", presenting uninterrupted movement and extended views to the Shrine is the essence to define the concept. The proposal is based on the idea of creating maximum usable surface at the plaza level to be able to accept the influx of population, yet considering the essential need to provide porous surface to supply


ventilation and easy access to the underground levels. Providing a variety of movement, access and gathering spaces, the undulating surface metaphorically evokes dome shaped roofs in traditional Persian architecture. The central dome-shaped structure, embracing the multi-functional sunken plaza, covers the central void through underground levels which visually puts emphasis on the Iwan and minarets. Additionally, two fluid surfaces on the sides, shelter green space of the plaza for sitting and small gathering purposes alongside having main vertical access shafts underneath. Two gentle openings of each of these structures face on the one hand direction of population flow to and from the gateways and on the other hand, the urban fabric, to ease the access to underground levels. In the existing situation a main traffic corridor and square disconnect the site from dense southwestern urban fabric. The concept has proposed traffic underpass at level -1 and has considered the released surface as extension of the plaza to promote interconnection between the plaza and the neighborhoods. Vehicular circulation at the plaza level is limited to BRT lines and emergency and service access. Additionally an axial trail at the south-western edge, connects two old bazaars at the corners of the plaza. The axis passes through a series of tent structures

which bus stations and two subway

exhaust vents are disguised in them. 07

Pedestrian Circulation Diagram

Multi-functionality of Spaces



The competition at the 2nd stage with about 3 months time which was held among the winners of the first stage and some selected design firms, required technical drawings of the project and the documents related to structural, mechanical, civil




systems in additin to schematic architecrural design of the project. Correspondingly,



were needed to have joint venture with a qualified technical team due to




realizable submissions.

The technical advisors of the project made helpful comments on our work during weekly counseling sessions under supervision of design team manager. Prefabricated and on-site structural systems, intricate mechanical and green management systems,



utilization phasing, subway station design




regulations and traffic management systems were among achievements to enrich architectural and landscape concepts of the project.




Tehran Eco-Corridor Promenade Project Type : Competition / 2nd prize winner

Tehran Eco-Corridor Promenade, located at the modern business and administrative district of the city, is a major urban void with 600m length and 50m width, stretching in east-west direction above a significant highway tunnel. Considering municipality regulations limiting construction above the tunnel due to safety issues, the site is proposed to develop a large scale linear urban

Location : Tehran , Iran

landscape project passing through urban fabric and having

Project year : 2015

intersection with four north-south streets, among them Valiasr st.

Cooperating as : Head of design team , concept design and development , 3D model (SketchUp)and presentation documents , rendering and post-production. Design team : Elmira Jafari

as one of the most significant streets of Tehran. The topographical conditions of site demands construction of a pedestrian bridge to provide continuous movement at the intersection with Valiasr street, while not interrupting visual corridor of the street toward Alborz mountain range. In the existing situeation, the area above the tunnel is kind of urban lost space with weak connectivity to the sorrounding fabric and undefined spatial-fonctional organization. The competition aimed to reach concepts to develope a pedestrian promenade and bridge with emphasis on the panoramic view from the site to the city skyline and considering natural, cultural and historical values of Valiasr st. as the most iconic street in Tehran.


Valiasr St.

Gandhi St.

Observation Deck


Siavash St.

Alvand St.

Design Statement : An overview of the urban fabric of Tehran reveals common definition of landscape as green islands that are isolated from urban fabric in the shape of parks with different scales. The locational characteristics of this project provide opportunities to define a new typology of urban landscape in Tehran which is shaped based on the idea of interweaving diverse urban flows in a large-scale multi-functional landscape. The immediate contiguity with network access alongside diverse civic functions helps to activate urban surface as a fluid context to host everyday life flows.

1. Creation of continuous pedestrian movement to obtain connectivity and coherence.

2. Breaking the axis to match to topography and create the observation deck; - Underpass at the intersection with eastern street to avoid pedestrian movement interruption.

3. Cutting the topography at the eastern part to embed commercial spaces alongside the axis; - Observation deck in the highest point of the site to provide extended views to city's landmarks; - Emphasis on Valiasr street as a significant visual corridor.

4. Diagonal paths crossing the main axis to improve interaction between site edges.

5. Creating public plaza with commercial edges at the intersction with Valiasr street.

6. Continuous ramps connectig western side of Valiasr street to the bridge level.


Here, the subject is investigated in 3 different scales to define the subject: organization 1. Urban scale: - The site is located in Abbasabad district, as the confluence zone of eastwest ecological corridor and north-south historical corridor of the city. This locational characteristic stimulates presence of wide range of people in site. - Providing a green corridor, the project connects two major green patches of Tehran; Therefore promotion of ecological aspects in planning the site would lead in integrity and reinforcement of the city’s green infrastructure. - Surrounded by some major administrative, commercial and recreational districts of the city, the site have high potential to be considered as a largescale free field to absorb variety of civic activities. 2. Neighborhood scale : - The prominent north-south orientation of the surrounding fabric has caused weak connectivity in east-west direction; correspondingly, the orientation of the site will promote integrity and connectivity in the neighborhood. - The tree-lined corridor of Valiasrst. enjoying rich cultural and historical identity provides the main access to the site. Sinergy between the project and Valiasrst. can create an urban plaza enjoying natural and recreational characteristics of Eco-Corridor in conjunction with vigorous atmosphere of Valiasrst. - The site is close to some recognized old districts of the city which easy access of them to the site would inject local identity and everyday activities to the project. 3. Site scale : - The natural topography of the site provides strategic view toward some iconic landmarks of the city, including Milad tele-communication tower, Abbasabad hills, Alborz Mountain and some high-rise buildings. - The site edges include mixture of residential, commercial and administrative which affects the in-between landscape, functionally and visually. As building facades are inseparable part of an urban landscape project, green façade is proposed to conceptually integrate the landscape with the fronting facades. Additionally tectonic façade of ground floor level improves flexibility and active interaction of open and closed space. 15

Flexibility of ground floor facade to promote interaction:

Valiasr St.

Pedestrian Bridge

Observation Deck

Gandhi St.

Siavash St.

Alvand St.



Azerbaijan Square

Tabriz is the most populated city in the Iranian Azerbaijan, one of the historical capitals of Iran, and the present capital of East Azerbaijan Province. With a population of 1.8 million, Tabriz is the biggest economic hub and the biggest metropolitan area in North West of Iran. The city has a long and turbulent history

Project Type : Competition entery

with its oldest civilization sites dating back to 1,500 BC. It contains

Location : Tabriz , Iran

many historical monuments representing the transition of Iranian

Project year : 2016

architecture in its long historical timelines.

Cooperating as : Head of design team , concept design and development , 3D model (SketchUp)and presentation documents , rendering and post-production. Design team : Elmira Jafari

Azerbaijan square as the entrance to the city of Tabriz, is the largest roundabout in the country which collects four primary highways and provides access to Tabriz international airport. The site is a large-scale urban void inaccessible to pedestrian, shaped as a by-product of interwoven urban transportation network. The 18-hectare area of Azerbaijan square is a clear example of

"lost space" within the urban context, disable to make integrated relationship with the city fabric, while being an opportunity to create a public green space to ecologically and socially promote urban environment. Such vast urban territory demands spatial redefinition to sustainably transform from "waste landscape" to

"productive landscape".



1. Concept essence: creation of a natural landmark in urban environment

2. Tracing out vehicular paths on the green mass.

3. Constructed topography as the strategy to define the spatial structure of the square.

4. Iconic landscape elements: continuous rows of poplar trees at the edges.

5. Protected presence of people inside the square: Pedestrian and bike loop above the topography edges.

6. Considering the square as the spatial extention of the adjacent large park. - Emphasis on the main enterance road to the city.

7. The loop connecting the square and the park as the focal point.

8. Connection with the surrounding urban fabric.

Azerbaijan square serves as the first urban space to confront Tabriz on the way from airport; Hence, the project needs to be a landmark to create sense of place and to present the image of the city, while considering height restriction regulations Providing connection to the sorrounding urban fabric

due to proximity to the airport. Besides rich cultural and historical background of the city, Azerbaijan province is well-known for its inspiring natural marvels. Mountainous landscapes and dense forests are among nature attractions

Using cut and fill for construction of roads as a tool for making constructed topography

in the region. Here, the main objective of the concept is to metaphorically evoke natural characteristics of the region by creating a "Natural Landmark" instead of an architectural landmark. The natureinspired urban space in the context of a dense urban fabric brings memorable spatial experiece for the users. Here, the primary challenges of the project consist of human access to the traffic island, dealing with unperceivable

Controlled presence of users in the square to create active space while preventing interference between pedestrians and vehicles

dimensions of space and creating multipurpose space for both highway-speed user and pedestrian.






Golgasht Complex Masterplan Project Type : Competition / 2nd prize winner

Golgasht Complex is a mixed-use urban landscape designed based on the idea of reinterpretation of the archetype of Persian Garden to put together diverse public activities in a 48-hectare topographical area at the heart of Tehran. The site is encompassed with major cultural, recreational and religious sites which all together constitute Abbasabad

Location : Tehran , Iran

district as the most recognized green patch and civic hub of

Project year : 2014

the city.

Area : 480000 metres square Cooperating as : Head of design team , concept design and development , 3D model

The competition entry considers the project as the Great

(SketchUp)and presentation documents , rendering and post-production.

Square of the city to host major socio-cultural events and

Design team : Elmira Jafari , Mehdi Meshkinghalam , Ali Mahmoodi

national ceremonies while accepting recreational activities and everyday life. The multi-functional parade field and the public spaces organized around it, metaphorically evoke Naghsh-e Jahan square in Isfahan as the most remarkable urban complex in Iranian architecture. The project program includes multi-porpuse parade square, cultural exhibition, convention center, artificial lake, art garden, hotel, prayers' hall, sport facilities, restaurant complex, playgrounds and parking space, all organized and designed in a way to provide maximum green space.


The project site located at the intersection of the city's natural corridor (consisted of major green patches and natural bodies) and the historical-cultural corridor of Tehran (connecting historical cores of urban development), provides the potentiality for the site to be proposed as the heart of social life in the city or "The City's Great Square". Abbas-Abad hills is the most strategic urban void in Tehran, home to the major recreational and cultural activities of the city which are centred around "Golgasht Landscape" . The project's physical program is organized based on the idea of synergy of the sorrounding urban flows to create kind of vital multi-functional urban public space.


1. Water System

pools flowing water

2. Vehicular Circulation

primary vehicular access secondary vehicular access entery

3. Pedestrian Circulation

primary pedestrian access secondary pedestrian access plaza

4. Vegetation

roof garden dense vegetation groundcover row tree planting

5. Intervention in Topography

fill cut


Tehran as metropolitan with population of over 8.5 million has experienced uncontrolled urban development during the last three decades, resulted in high density of constructed environment and severe shortage of public open spaces. Debilitated role of natural bodies in urban area and the demand for development of green infrastructure highlights the position of scarce undeveloped areas trapped at the heart of Tehran. The 559-hectare relatively intact topography of Abbasabad hills at the center of Tehran is among four remarkable green patches in urban fabric structuring green corridor of Tehran. In this regard, the masterplan over Abbasabad district has allocated the territory to develop large-scale cultural and recreational urban complexes, yet considering natural environment preservation as the main aspect of development. Golgasht Complex is a 101-hectare land affiliated to the Great Mosque of Tehran (Mosalla) located at the core of Abbasabad district which is planned to develop two major landscape projects: Chahar-Bagh (a 53-hectare themed landscape park) at the east and Golgasht complex with 48 hectares of cultural, recreational and parade field land-uses at the west. Golgasht complex possesses highly strategic urban location due to intimate connection to infrastructure network alongside dominated topographical position which enables it to function in regional scale. Correspondingly, the project program includes a mixture of cultural, recreational, religious and political facilities to shape a mixed-use public landscape. The project vision emphasizes some aspects including: - Morphological homogeneity with the Great Mosque at the south to be perceived affiliated to it. - Following Iranian-Islamic architecture traditions. - Considering environmental aspects and green architecture values. - Designing a symbolic landscape to be recognized as a landmark. 28



Pardisan Mixed-Use Complex Project Type : Competition / 3rd prize winner

Located at the edge of the central desert of Iran, Qom is one of the most important religious cities of the country having highly traditional socio-cultural fabric and low-density compact urban tissue. Urban development policies and population growth during tha last decade has resulted in emergence of newly-built neighborhoods out of

Location : Qom , Iran

the original boundary of the city. Pardisan new town at the

Project year : 2016

west side of the city with 1500 hectares area is the main

Area : 47000 metres square Cooperating as : design management , concept design and development , 3D model (SketchUp) and presentation documents , rendering and post-production. Design team : Mehdi Meshkinghalam , Meysam Amirsadat , Ahmad Moradian

hub to absorb overflow population of the city, currently under development. The urban development vision of the town is mostly concentrated on mass housing development and mixeduse projects namely a 48-hectare mixed-use urban complex with an axial organization. The site of the project is part of this major development and contains residential, commercial, office, cultural and recreational functions. The invited competition aims to find concepts which best meet socio-cultural and environmental context of the project while presenting unique identity in harmony with the traditional urban fabric.



Communal garden






Public Library




Historic centre of Qom

Lacking city centre and place-baced identity

Bazaar as the backbone of city Urban public spaces

extended paths from bazaar to neighborhoods

Design Statement : the axis of historic city centre

One of the most significant challenges to be faced in developing new towns is to define place-based identity and create sense of belonging for the people who come together to live in a built environment emerged from tabula rasa. The project considers the multi-functional public squares at the historic city centers as the focal concept to define the organization of the neighborhood. The inward-looking structure of the complex embraces the plaza which is placed at the confluence of two urban axis. The residential spaces are organized in upper levels with segregated entrances to enjoy a desired privacy while having interaction

structure of historic city centre


organization of quarters along bazaar

with the vibrant public space at the plaza.

1. The mixed-use urban axis as a centre for Pardisan new town.

2. Great commercial axis as the spine of the new urban centre.

3. Organization of residential blocks along the axis of bazaar

commercial spaces retails

open space

4. Integrity and coherence with the sorrounding urban fabric by providing connections toward the city.

5. Urban block

Urban cross

urban plaza

6. An urban plaza at the site as a destination for the urban corridor.


cultural-recreational space

public library


community center sunken courtyard

office spaces

sky garden

cafe gallery sunken courtyard


duplex 110 square meters unit

100 square meters unit

90 square meters unit

130 square meters unit

duplex 180 square meters unit

140 square meters unit

120 square meters unit

130 square meters unit


vertical access apartment units terrace

office units auditorium common area

restaurant auditorium

sky garden sky garden sky garden kidzania

office units

gym and billiard room computer lab commercial space

pedestrian space library commercial space roof garden

retails children's cultural centre retails parking commercial mechanical storage parking community centre sunken courtyard mechanical gallery

cafe gallery




Namak-Abrood Green Towers Project Type : Competition / 1st prize winner

Northern provinces of Iran along Caspian Sea coast, enjoy humid climate and green landscape which put themin contrast with the other parts of the country. Namak-Abrood, located at the center of northern green strip of Iran, used to be a village surrounded with pristine dense woods until the last few decades. Enjoying outstanding environmental characteristics

Location : Tehran , Iran

put the region at the center of attention as eco-tourist

Project year : 2013

attraction zone and recreational activities hub. During the

Cooperating as : Head of design team , concept design and development , 3D model (SketchUp)and presentation documents , rendering and post-production. Design team : Elmira Jafari, Meisam Amirsadat

recent years influx of urban settlers alongside market-oriented development, has led to urban sprawl and natural reserves degradation, which in turn has transformed the natural landscape to uncontrolled built environment. Today, NamakAbrood is at critical environmental risk, demands development paradigm shift towards sustainable and eco-friendly policies. According to the project program, Namak-Abrood residential complex consists of two 25-story towers providing secondhome and short-term accommodation for tourists. The main challenge that the team was to deal with, was reaching to a unique definition of residential tower, free from its presumptions in an urban context.



Mid-rise residential blocks prototype


The main design objective, is to define the mass as the extension of the natural context which causes minimum disturbance to landscape and ecological context. The concept aims to convey dominance of nature on built environment, while providing the proposed density. Since people who want to expend their leisure time constitute target audience, providing maximum exposure to nature and open space is of high Low-rise residential neighborhood blocks in relation to ventilation voids and shared semi-public spaces

importance; in this regards, the primary objectives can be mentioned as below: - Ecologival and visual ntegrity of the project with the natural context ; - Providing maximum view to the surrounding landscape ; - Integrated design approach to define mass and space ; - Applying vernacular architecture prototypes ; - Climate-adaptive design bsased on natural ventilation of indoor spaces.





Gol-gohar Mining Co. Campus Landscape Masterplan Project Type : Professional project / Independent Location : Sirjan , Iran Project year : 2013 Cooperating as : Head of design team , concept design and development , 3D model (SketchUp) and presentation documents , rendering and post-production. Design team : Elmira Jafari , Mehdi Meshkinghalam

Located at the south of the great salt desert of central Iran, Sirjan is the capital of Sirjan county, Kerman province, wellknown for its rich mineral sources including coal, iron, copper, stone and gold. Gol-Gohar Iron Ore Mine about 50 kilometers from the city, is the country's largest with estimated $2.8B valuation. Having large amount of industrial relations and trade affairs, Gol-gohar mining and industrial company runs several in-town and suburban administrative sites. To optimize and consolidate the company's internal connections and promote solidarity of the complex, the central campus was planned to establish close to the main industrial and mining site. The 65-hectares central campus encompasses wide range of administrative, business and educational activities which are embedded

in scattered

building masses. The project was carried on in collaboration with Office of Technology and Industrial cooperation, Iran University of Science and Technology. The subject of the project was to design landscape masterplan and detailed design of the site based on the previously devised organization of the campus.



Landscape design strategies : 1. Legibility - Ease of access and visual connectivity - Integrity and simplicity of space to present the functions - Spatial variation in proportion to functional diversity 2. Industrial identity - Promotion of industrial spirit in landscape design - Applying icons and materials to implicitly convey the concept of industry - Application of novel technologies in landscape 3. Ecological sustainability - Using vernacular landscaping methods in compatibility with hot and arid climate - Applying the concept of oasis to create a sustainable micro-climate - Planting low-water-consuming shade trees to avoid sun radiation and excessive evaporation - Planting design in a way to create buffer zone to avoid sand storm and hot wind 4. Energy consumption sensitive design - Applying renewable energy sources (geothermal and solar energy) - Applying landscape design strategies to optimize energy consumption in buildings


Research centre and faculty are located at educational zone which is among the focal points of the campus. The front plaza of the building enjoys green-covered shading canopies as its main characteristics. The plaza provides movement and gathering space for the users as well as access to bus stop and parking spaces. Two axes connect the plaza to the central plaza of the campus.


The central plaza of the campus is the main symbolic space of the site which is surrounded by the most significant buildings of including: headquarter building, convention hall, mosque, VIP accommodation and restaurant. The sliced constructed topography at the centre of plaza is designed in a way to create integrity between site elements while providing a landmark.

exposed irrigation network cor-ten steel plates constructed topography modular underground storm water storage system




Pardisan 266-Units Social Housing Project Type : Professional / Under Construction

Located at the edge of the central desert of Iran, Qom is one of the most important religious cities of the country having highly traditional socio-cultural fabric and low-density copmact urban tissue. The project which originally initiated by an open call competition and led to design contract, aimed to provide

Location : Qom , Iran

266 housing units for the members of Construction

Project year : 2013

Engineering Organization of Qom province. The main

Cooperating as : Design manager , concept design, phase 1 and phase 2 , 3D model (SketchUp)and presentation documents , architectural supervision. Design team : Elmira Jafari

design objective of the project was to develop a low-cost social housing with special attention to environmental aspects and cultural values. The main idea to devise the spatial organization of mass and space, is to define inner public gardens based on the concept of Persian Garden and courtyard housing typology. Building units consists of four major typologies and organized along the main axis which is lined with three public gardens; The shared gardens between 2 or 3 building blocks play the role of the communal space of the centre of traditional neighborhoods and comprise gathering spaces and playgrounds.


Block C-1

Block C-3

Block D

Block B-1

Block B-2

Block A-1

Block A-2


Block C-2

The vehicular circulation of the complex gets access to street network from the main entrance at western side of the site and distributes through the site by the two-way vehicular loop around the site which provides access tAo the parking spaces located at the underground level of every building block. Additionally, the central axis which is originally defined as pedestrian, penetrates among the buildings to provide emergency and service access to the core.



Persian courtyard housing typology as the most prevalent The construction density

living space in historic cities of Iran, enjoys centrality of

Traditional courtyard house

open space and garden as its most desirable spatial value. Reinterpretation of traditional Site boundary

houses prototype in the shape of high-density apartment building blocks, is one of the most

Elevated courtyard houses

significant challenges of Iranian contemporary architecture. Distriution of mass and space

Here, open space is distributed in




hierarchical organization; Every residential




possess private open space,

Shrinking the open space Shaping the public space

while each building block has a semi-public terrace on the upper level. The building blocks consisted of five unit types with average area of 90 sqm, are

Block of terraced apartments

Allocating public space to the blocks

located around neighborhood gardens. The square-shaped block at the centre of the site, hosts public facilities of the complex such as

Juxtaposition of the Blocks


Final mass and space organisation

sport facilities, restaurant and auditorium.

Blocks A-1, A-2

Blocks C-1, C-2, C-3

Blocks B-1, B-2




Zaferanieh Residential Complex Landscaping Project Type : Professional / Under Construction Location : Tehran , Iran

Iranian society has been experiencing a growing gap between rich and poor during the last few decades. Emergence of new architectural styles in Iranian context is a phenomenon caused by economic inequality. Tehran as a metropolitan embraces a wide range of architectural styles, among them the western classical style is widely known as the most acceptable style for luxuries buildings. Zaferanieh, located at the foothills of Alborz Mountains is home to the Royal Palaces complex of the former regime and is well-known

Project year : 2016

as one of the most luxuries districts of Tehran. The district, once

Cooperating as : Head of design team , concept design and development , 3D model

famous for its dense gardens and private villas has transformed to

(SketchUp)and presentation documents , rendering and post-production , architectural supervision. Design team : Elmira Jafari

the zone allocated to high-rise residential buildings which host upperclass society. Favorable climate and pleasant urban amenities are among the characteristics which provide a rich urban experience for inhabitants of the district. The site of this project is a comparatively large lot in Zaferanieh. The steep site of the project used to be a dense riverside garden which has been repurposed for construction of two residential towers with overall occupation area of 3500 square meters. The landscaping of the complex was ordered to us shortly after beginning of the construction of the structure.



Block A



Located just at the northern end of the city, the 8500-square meters site of the project overlooks the most popular mountain promenade of the city at the north side and adjoins Velenjak river-valley park at the west side. The buildings had been located careless of site characteristics, among them undefined negative space, weak access of residential units to the landscape and improper positioning of lobby level in relation to the site entrances. Considering diverse challenges to cope with, the project highly needed well-developed landscaping befitting a luxurious residential environment to provide added value. Some determinative items to shape the organization of the project consist of site topography, the existing axis of old Plane trees, main accesses to the site and last but not least, the classical style architecture of the buildings. According to the client needs, the 5500-square meters landscape of the project would serve as the space for recreation, sport, relaxation and public events. Spatial integrity, ease of access and use, and providing extended view towards the river valley are the main characteristics of the landscape. Additionally, since the target market mostly include middle-aged and the elderly, the client vision was to reduce the natural steep slope of the site to achieve a more convenient and integrated landscape for inhabitants.


Infinity Pool

Tennis Court

Block B



The location of the blocks in the site separates the open space into two semi-distinct parts. An axial corridor along with Plane trees and water features is devised as the main organizing element of the landscape which starts at the main entrance and culminates in the pavilion and the fountain. The northern strip-shaped part of the landscape enjoys a row of old trees as its main characteristic which is put at the centre of design. Additionally, the natural steep slope of the context has caused level difference between the nearly flattened surface of the landscape and the level of inclined alley alongside the site which culminates in 9 meters; A series of stepped green terraces connect these levels together. Also, The lobby level of both blocks placed 8 meters above the level of the landscape, get access from northern entrance through bridges above the landscape. The southern part of the landscape embraces the main elements of the site on two levels; A pavilion structure located at the upper level is the main gathering space overlooking the river valley and is surrounded by a twolevel pool. A series of gentle green steps provide access to the lower level which contains tennis court, observation deck, infinity pool and the multifunctional lawn field. The design process of the project was managed stepby-step parallel to implementation and weekly sessions were organized for landscape supervision and coordination with civil, structure and mechanical consultants.






Chitgar Artificial Lake Sorrounding Landscape Design Project Type : Professional (Built) / Collaboration with EMCO Iran consulting engineers Location : Tehran , Iran

The metropolitan capital city of Iran, Tehran, enjoys considerable climatic diversity: on the north, it sprawls to the foothills of Alborz mountain; on the south it reaches the Central Desert. Nevertheless, Tehran's parks are mainly deigned as mere green spaces, with no regard for this natural diversity or the need for social interaction. As part of the Tehran Master Plan (1963), Chitgar Artificial Lake was proposed in west of Tehran as a reservoir for surface drainage as well as runoff water from Kan River. Its actual design

Project year : 2012

and implementation started in 2009 with the idea of creating a

Cooperating as : Junior designer, Schematic design , phase 1 design and development ,

breakthrough diversity in Tehran's arid landscape.

Phase 2 design. Project Manager : Mohsen Khorasanizadeh , Morteza Adib Design team : Maryam Yousefi , Farzad Sabouri

The lake's basin covers an area of about 130 hectares. It is adjacent to a residential area on the east, commercial spaces on the north, and the chitgar forested hills on the south and southwest. Due to this mammoth scale, interdisciplinary studies were conducted for a wider area of some 800 hectares. These studies recommended a series of green walkways to be designed around the lake as a stimulating development core for the surrounding urban area. This is a notion based on the traditional Chahar-Bagh (literally meaning 'Four Gardens') concept of design employed in the 18th century urban development in Isfahan.


Sport complex

Garden of Exhilaration

Rock garden

Beach sports

Culture boulevard



Forest park


Hemmat highway Persian Gulf artificial lake



Chitgar Lake

The landscape surrounding the lake was designed with an average width of 100~150 meters covering an area of some 100 hectares. Design regulations for this landscape were also detailed out. Its design attempts to accommodate a variety of social, cultural and educational functions to link this recreational space to the city activities. These functions are designed in line with adjoining land uses, available access routes and arrival projections. Approaching a vast body of water, watching and hearing migrating birds and walking on the lakeshores -never hitherto experienced in the capital city- are promoted by providing natural landscaping. To this end, a progression of views, gradually expanding to panoramic vistas towards the lake, further invites the visitors to be entirely immersed in the lakeshore experience. Since it was not permissible to direct surface water to the lake, a key challenge in designing this landscape was the drainage of a narrow, almost flat strip of land. To absorb surface water within the landscape and to keep the soil moisture level constant, several endogenous floral species were used.


The culture boulevard at the western side of the lake is one of the focal points of the park which connects the round-shape arrival plaza to the waterfront plaza. The axis is lined with water features and tree rows and reaches to the multi-porpose public plaza with gathering space and shading canopies. The plaza provides access to the waterfront walkway and deck as well as pier. The main strategy to design this part of the landscape was to provide paved open spaces with the capacity to accept large population, while conveying sense of natural landscape. 65

The plaza at the north-west side of the lake, named as 'Exhilaration Garden' is programmed and designed around the interests and needs of children. The public space is centered with play fountains to attract children while providing organic playing facilities and spaces at the sides. Special attention is paid to provide shaded spaces and site furniture to facilitate presence of families watching their kids. The plaza meets the artificial lake with observation decks and sitting step, alongside providing access to the western island which accommodates sport complex. 66



Sirous Neighborhood Housing Development Project Type : Professional / Collaboration with EBA[M] Location : Tehran , Iran

Sirous neighborhood, also known as "chaleh-meydan", is one of the oldest neighborhoods of Tehran, located at the historic centre of the city which its history dates back to the 16th century, when soil from its ground was dug to build fortified wall around the city. The sunken area later became home to some low-income people and the neighborhood was shaped close to the Grand Bazaar of Tehran. From the initiation of modernization process of the city at 1920's onwards, the neighborhood faced relocation of local people to the newer urban regions which in turn

Project year : 2016

resulted in transformation of residential lots to storage spaces and back

Project Manager : Arash Mozafari , Touraj Mirbaha

up facilities for the Bazaar. Today, the historic fabric of Sirous encounters

Cooperating as : Senior architect and design manager , concept design and development , 3D model (SketchUp)and presentation documents , rendering and post-production.

complicated social and environmental problems such as low-quality built environment, inefficient access network, socially unsecured environment and unfavorable environment for living. The revival of local identity and regeneration of the neighborhood demands for comprehensive urban policies. Through the last decades, authorities choose top-down policies to trigger social and economic boom in the neighborhood, by vast demolishment of old properties and turning the old fabric to a modern one. The site to be dealt with, is a 1 hectare previously demolished area, which is proposed to devise a housing paradigm to rehabilitate to zone.


1. Site location in Sirous neighborhood

2. Access network supporting the site

3. Intersection of the paths with site edge

4. The nodes connecting the site to the urban fabric

5. Interconnection between the nodes shaping the site structure

6. Internal public spaces as the centre of life in the neighborhood


Historical centre of Tehran at 1890

The design team, believing in the failure of top-down decision making in Sirous neighborhood, proposes the revival of historic identity, via revitalization of the neighborhood's social life pattern and evocation of its rich history. The design proposal has placed high emphasis on the hierarchical transition from urban space to neighborhood units and private space.

Open space hierarchy diagram:

1. Penetrating alleys to the cores

2. Public courtyards

3. Elevared loops providing access to the neighborhood blocks

The district used to be named as Chal-e Meidan

The site as a major block in Sirous neighborhood

4. Semi-private yards between units


Cul-de-sacs are the prominent typology of the fabric

Genius-loci of the place as the essence to develop the neighborhood

Extending the pathways to promote connections


In this project, a complex network of site matters has affected the team's attitude towards the subject. The main idea to define the concept origins from deficiencies in social and economic currents of the neighborhood; Criminal activities, degraded sense of belonging, disordered patterns of land use and incapable economic productivity are among the significant challenges to be faced. Here, the project is considered as a social and economic catalyst to promote habitation quality in the zone. The strategies to meet the defined objectives are classified into 3 levels : - Interaction with surrounding fabric; Its related to the site edges programming which is proposed to have some commercial retail spaces to provide vitality in the neighborhood. In addition several entrance plazas create the connecting nodes between the site and urban fabric, and provide access to the public courtyards. - Mixed-use development; commercial retail spaces, sport facilities and cultural spaces are the functions placed at the lower levels of the complex to provide vitality and selfsufficiency for the project. - Residential units and neighborhood units; The genotype to develop the neighborhood consists of a 5m*5m module which shapes 3 group of units with 50, 75 and 100 sqm area. Diverse composition of the units creates a variety of neighborhood units with elevated shared open spaces.

50 m2

50 m2

50 m2

75 m2

75 m2

75 m2

100 m2

100 m2




Safaeieh Mixed-use Tower Project Type : Professional / Collaboration with EBA[M]

Yazd is a desert town in central Iran and the capital of the Yazd province. It is an ancient city dating back to the Sassanian Period (224-651 AD). Because of generations of adaptations to its desert surroundings, Yazd has a unique Persian architecture. It is nicknamed the city of windcatchers because of its ancient Persian windcatchers. The city is widely known for its unique mud brick architecture,

Location : Yazd , Iran

while it is experiencing modern architecture styles far from historic

Project year : 2016

city centre.

Project Manager : Arash Mozafari , Touraj Mirbaha Cooperating as : Design manager , concept design and development , 3D model (SketchUp)and presentation documents.

The project located in the developing zone of the city, is nicknamed Yazd Landmark due to being the highest structure in the city. The physical program of the project consists of residential, office and commercial spaces with maximum height of 110 meters in a 13310-square meters site. The main challenge of the project was to deal with the contrast of a high-rise building in traditional fabric of Yazd with dominant typology of courtyard housing. The concept tries to evoke green courtyards and inward-looking architecture of the old fabric of Yazd. The form of the building is shaped based on providing shadow surface in the public plaza level as well as avoiding sunlight in upper levels.


According to the program, the project consists of 9300 m2 commercial space, 8000 m2 office space and 72000 m2 residential space and the total area of the complex reaches to 108000 m2. The occupation area of upper levels is 20% and in underground to +1 levels is 35%. The main concept of the project is to apply the prototype of courtyard housing in a high-rise building to create an inward-looking architecture which is protected from sunlight. Therefore, the mass is divided into three towers which enclose the plaza at urban level. The inner facade of the L-shaped towers enjoy transparent skin, while the outer shell of the mass is protected by a double-skin facade which provides a semi-rigid skin in contrast with the inner one. Two hyper-bridge structures connect the towers to each others; The upper bridge includes public facilities of residential spaces such as conference hall, pool and sport facilities, cafe and retail store. The lower bridge, passing through residential levels, comprises of office spaces which get access from separate elevators from the plaza level. These two transparent volumes slice the towers into separate masses and create public elevated gardens in the gaps. The elevated gardens serve as shaded residential open spaces. The main objective for slicing the volume is to let the wind to pass through the building. Additionally, the

double-skin facade controls

wind flow in upper levels while being kinetic to control sun radiation in residential spaces. To segregate access to residential and office-commercial zone, the sunken gardens are embedded to provide different level accesses for the functions. 75






Harandi theme park landscape design Project Type : Professional / Collaboration with EBA[M]

The subject of this project was conceptual design of a 25-hectare landscape at the heart of Tehran, including critical decisionmaking and programming of the site in a limited time frame. The preliminary design of the project at this stage culminated in design and supervision contract. The master plan considers the integration and redesigning of

Location : Tehran , Iran

three separate green patches and some surrounding civic services

Project year : 2016

and retails into a large-scale theme-park enjoying an iconic position

Project Manager : Arash Mozafari , Touraj Mirbaha Cooperating as : Preliminary sketches and concept design , 3D model (SketchUp) , rendering and post-production.

in urban scale. The main objective of the project is to catalyze the process of gentrification in the southern low-class district of Tehran. The site of the project is located at the historical fabric of the city with lots of potential opportunities to be developed as the most socially and culturally vibrant zone. Yet, poor civic services and lowquality urban environment alongside critically damaged social and cultural fabric, has turned the district to one of the main challenges for the municipality to cope with. In the recent years the existing green spaces has been changed to a major autonomous territory hosting thousands of criminals and addicts. Poor connectivity and permeability and proximity to low-quality functions such as waste recycle and garages has intensified the conditions.


Kids' entertainment center Existing office building

5-Star hotel

Mixed-use building Simulated city gate

observation Ferris Wheel Main enterance

Communal space Roller coaster station


Sport complex

Neighborhood park

The site of the project is located within the historical centre of Tehran which is today the most densely populated part of the city with high range of administrative and commercial activities yet the most socially, environmentally and physically vulnerable zone of the city. The recent urban development vision of the city has reconsidered this region for tourism and pedestrian activities.

The old city of Tehran was once surrounded by fortified walls having 12 entrance gates around the city to provide access to and from the settlement. The green patch at the south end of the city which embraces one of the main gates, once was consisted of agricultural fields and later transformed to a slum neighborhood. This place is today the location of Harandi park.

The neighborhood sorrounding the site has been known as a poor fabric with adverse social conditions from long time age. During the 90's, the authorities attempted to demolish the spantenous settelment at the site as a strategy to deal with the diverse urban problems and replaced it with three separate green patches. But the site isolated from the main street by a row of retails and municipaluty services, became once again home to dealers and addicted people and faces acute social problems.





Neishabur culture and heritage garden Project Type : Academic / Landscape design studio 3 , Master of Landscape Architecture,

This project is designed for master degree program, landscape design studio 3 under the subject of largescale cultural landscape planning and design during a full semester. The site exists in a highly significant historical and cultural context in Naishabur. Neishabur is a city in the Khorasan Province,

Faculty of architecture and urbanism, Shahid Beheshti University

capital of the Nishabur County and former capital

Location : Neishabur , Iran

of Province Khorasan, in northeastern Iran. The city

Project year : 2011 Promoters : Prof. Mahdi Sheibani , S. Hassan Tghvaei PhD

was founded in the 3rd century and later evolved into a significant cultural, commercial, and intellectual center within the Islamic world. Neishabur as one of the greatest cities in the middle ages, is best known for its ancient civilization, handcrafts and famous artists. The main objectives of the studio include landscape planning in large-scale projects, understanding fundamentals of cultural landscape design and last but not least, application of the tradition and style of garden design represented by Persian gardens, in the context of contemporary urban spaces.



The site of the project covers an area of about 47 hectares which is located in the most significant cultural and historical zone of the city and is the first tourist attraction of Neishaabur. The main obvious element to shape the structure of the site is a tree-lined boulevard - Applying mixture of deciduous and evergreen trees in the main axis

which connects the garden of tomb of Omar Khayyam -Persian mathematician, astronomer, philosopher, and poet- to the garden of tomb of Attar of Neishabur -Persian Muslim poet and theoretician of Sufism. The other iconic spaces around the site includes the remains of a ancient civilization at the western end of the site, a

- Applying mixture of deciduous and evergreen trees in the main axis

stream passing across the site, an old graveyard and the observatory of Neishabur close to the tomb of Omar Khayyam. The first step to design the project was to grasp the importance of the focal points of the site; A series of theme gardens are defined in specific locations of the site under the influence of hotspots. Examples include modern

- Applying mixture of deciduous and evergreen trees in the main axis

art museum, anthropology museum, garden of music and garden of mysticism. The whole project is considered as a complex of cultural spaces and art gardens in combination with tourism facilities and retail services. The main intellectual foundation to define the concept is based on the concept of Persian

- Applying mixture of deciduous and evergreen trees in the main axis

Garden. The one-point perspective of straight axes intensified by the rows of trees and the sense of serenity of plazas at the intersections are some of the traditional characteristics of Persian gardens which are used in a modern configuration. Additionally, the planting design of the site is organized based on the traditional instructions of Persian Garden about hierarchical

- Applying mixture of deciduous and evergreen trees in the main axis

organization of trees and plants to provide human scale in the space.




Master of Landscape Architecture Final Thesis

(Landscape Architecture in Urban Brownfields with special emphasis on natural disasters) Project Type : Academic (Research) Project year : 2012 Supervisors : S. Hassan Taghvaei PhD and Sharif Motawef PhD score : 18.75 out of 20

My final thesis in master of landscape architecture program was a research-based project which investigated the attitudes of the field of landscape architecture toward the subect of post-industrial landscapes and urban brownfields. A major vacant industrial area in the south of Tehran was studied and programmed as the case study of the project. The site was studied and programmed to be sustainably reclaim to a productive urban space. Due to the interdisciplinary attitude of the subject, the research was a collaboration




landscape architecture and department of Reconstruction Research at Shahid Beheshti university, faculty of architecture and urbanism.


Abstract One of the consequences of rapid growth of contemporary cities and the process of urbanization, is the emergence of waste landscapes and derelict lands which has caused production of gaps in the contemporary urban landscape and has led to a new definition of the urban landscape. Such landscapes -which are known as waste landscapes or urban brownfields- although provoke different problems in urban environment, but on the other hand save vast free surfaces and present valuable opportunities for landscape regeneration and promote the quality of urban environment. Revitalization of urban brownfields, mostly located in the middle areas of cities or

ecologically valuable sites, is one of the

basic steps to achieve sustainable urban regeneration and dealing with the broad threats which urban environments are exposed to. The research relies on the instructions of Landscape Urbanism, which presents landscape as a model for contemporary urbanism and emphasis on the role of enriched urban surfaces as a basic infrastructure for future development and countering threats to the urban landscape. In addition, alongside the increasing growth of urban communities, such environments will be exposed to more complex challenges and threats. Considering that natural disasters such as earthquake are among the most important challenges threatening urban communities, anticipating preparedness for disasters in human settlements planning and landscape design to facilitate the efficient management processes after disasters, is an inevitable objective to achieve. Furthermore, urban open spaces can restrict the field of impact and results of natural and human disasters, and provide an accessible area with the possibility of escape, settlement and sheltering; So proper planning and design of urban open spaces, is the most important tactic for dealing with threats. The case study of the research which includes the zone of abandoned industrial facilities and warehouses, in the north of municipal district 20 of Tehran, is one of the most notable examples of the industrial age remnants in the urban fabric. As mentioned, the vast open spaces reserved as urban brownfields, provide golden opportunities for treatment of problems of this region of Tehran. Although the site features a wide range of ecological restoration, cultural and social opportunities and economic prosperity in the region, it is in direct contact with Rey fault which is expected to be active soon as one of the most dangerous faults in the country. Since replacing this area with dense masses of building, is not only illogical, but also creates the possibility to become a more serious threat. In this regard, the present study, using indicators and variables related to field of landscape architecture, studies planning an urban brownfield to accept unexpected events while serving as a productive urban open space. The urban regeneration process in the site of the project should be planned and implemented with special attention to the imminent threat of earthquake. Thus, landscape design and planning guidelines to create a Disaster-Resilient urban space and a multifunctional Landscape are the main achievements of the study to provide a hybrid identity for the site. The thesis book is presented as a research project which studies landscape strategies in urban brownfields and resiliency policies to deal with earthquake in urban landscapes, in two distinctive chapters. The third chapter includes synergy of the two previous 91

chapters to provide materials for planning the site in chapter 4.

Public facilities added to the site crisis management basis clinic fire station community centre

Recycling park + Solar farm

water refinement using solar energy electric energy supply recycling education park

Water circulation

using refined water from the adjacent stream

Dense green

Public spaces around converted buildings balance between hard and soft landscape

Hard landscaped multi-functional plazas context for temporary landscapes to happen

Constructed topography shaped by debris

applying non-recyclable debris to create observatory points

Access network based on the existing grid

Natural bodies and infrastructures water stream existing vegetation Qanat (underground waterway)

Potential buildings for conversion

Existing access network

Urban brownfields in municipality district 20 of Tehran


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Erfan farahmand landscape / architecture portfolio 2016  

selection of professional & academic projects