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HIMALAYA TIMES

cf]nL ;+;bLo bnsf] g]tf ;'/]Gb| ;'j]bL sf7df8f}+, df3 @! . g]skf Pdfn]sf] ;+;bLo bnsf] g]tfdf s]kL zdf{ cf]nL lgjf{lrt ePsf 5g\ . cWoIf emngfy vgfnnfO{ @# dtfGt/n] k/flht ub{} cf]nL ;+;bLo bnsf] g]tf lgjf{lrt ePsf x'g\ . s'n Ps ;o &# hgfn] dtbfg u/]sfdf cf]nLn] (* / cWoIf vgfnn] &% dt kfP . Pdfn]sf] s'n ! ;o &% ;ef;b l;6dWo] jl/i7 g]tf dfwjs'df/ g]kfn / pkfWoIf jfdb]j uf}td b'O–{ b'O{ :yfgdf lgjf{lrt ePsfn] Ps ;o &# dt lyof] . lgjf{lrt x'g sDtLdf *& dt cfjZos lyof] . l;+xb/af/l:yt Pdfn] ;+;bLo bnsf] sfof{nodf d+unaf/ ck/fÅg @ ah]b]lv lgjf{rg k|lqmof ;'? ePsf] lyof] . ljB'tLo dtbfg d]l;gdf $ dtbfg ;'? ePsf] lyof] . dtbfg ;lsgf;fy} ^ ah] glthf ;fj{hlgs ePsf] lyof] . Pdfn]df klxnf]k6s ;+;bLo bnsf] g]tfsf] lgjf{rg ePsf] xf] . ;f]daf/ ePsf] s]Gb|Lo sld6L a}7sdf jl/i7 g]tf g]kfnn] cWoIf vgfn / pkfWoIf uf}tdn] g]tf cf]nLsf] gfd ;+;bLo bnsf] g]tfdf k|:tfj u/]sf lyP . ;xdltd} g]tf 5fGg] k|of; eP klg b'jn} ] bfaL g5f]8k] l5 lgjf{rg ug]{ lg0f{o ePsf] lyof] . a}7skl5 b'j} kIfn] cf– cfkm\gf e]nf u/]sf lyP . vgfn–g]kfn kIfsf] e]nf yfkfynLsf] 6«8] 6fj/ / cf]nL–uf}td kIfsf] gofFafg]Zj/sf] cNkmfla6f 6fj/df ePsf] lyof] . /flt ;f9] ( ah] g]tf cf]nL / pkfWoIf uf}td 8Nn'l:yt cWoIf vgfnsf] 3/d} k'u]/ ;xdltsf] k|of; u/]sf lyP . d+unaf/ pkfWoIf uf}td lgjf; e}F;]kf6Ldf cWoIf vgfn / g]tf g]kfnaLr 5nkmn d+unaf/ l;+x b/af/l:yt ;+;bLo bnsf] sfof{nodf lgjf{rg ;DkGg ePkl5 gjlgjf{lrt bnsf g]tf s]kL cf]nL / k|lt:kwL{ kf6L{ cWoIf -afFsL k[i7 @ df_ emngfy vgfn . ePsf] lyof] . t:jL/ M ;'lgn zdf{÷lx6f 

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Pgl;;L a}+s /fi6« a}+ssf] lgoGq0fdf 6fOD; ;+jfbbftf sf7df8f}+, df3 @! . g]kfn /fi6« a}+sn] g]kfn qm]l86 PG8 sd;{ -Pgl;;L_ a}+ssf] Joj:yfkg lgoGq0fdf lnPsf] 5 . a}+s ;~rfns ;ldlt ljeflht eO{ a}7s lgoldt ug{ g;s]kl5 s]Gb|Lo a}+sn] ;~rfns ;ldlt e+u u/L d+unaf/ Joj:yfkg lgoGq0fdf lnPsf] xf] . a}+s tyf ljQLo ;+:yf;DaGwL P]g @)^# sf] bkmf %$ sf] pkbkmf ! cg';f/ jt{dfg ;~rfns ;ldltnfO{ lgnDag u/L s]Gb|Lo a}+ssf lgb]{zs nIdLk|kGg lg/f}nfsf] ;+of]hsTjdf tLg ;b:oLo gofF Joj:yfkg ;ldlt u7g ul/Psf] /fi6« a}+sn] hgfPsf] 5 . kfFr dlxgfleq

;fwf/0f;ef u/fP/ a}+ssf] Joj:yfkg lkmtf{ ug{ Joj:yfkg ;ldltnfO{ clwsf/ lbOPsf] 5 . ;ldltsf ;b:odf /fi6« a}+ssf pklgb]{zs /d]z cfrfo{ / ;xfos lgb]{zs /]zd/fh /]UdL 5g\ . Pgl;;L a}+ssf] Joj:yfkg /fi6« a}+sn] lhDdf lnP klg a}+ssf] ljQLo cj:yf ;fdfGo /x]sf] / lgIf]kstf{x¿ cflQg' gkg]{ klg /fi6« a}+sn] hgfPsf] 5 . /fi6« a}+s ;~rfns ;ldltsf] d+unaf/ a;]sf] a}7sn] Pgl;;L a}+s ;~rfns ;ldlt lgnDag ub}{ Joj:yfkg lgoGq0fdf lng] lg0f{o u/]sf] xf] . k6sk6s df}sf lb“bf klg ;~rfnsx¿ g;'lw|Pkl5 lgnDag

ug'{k/]sf] s]Gb|Lo a}+sn] hgfPsf] 5 . /fi6« a}+ssf] Joj:yfkg 6f]nLn] d+unaf/ g} Pg;L;L a}+s ;Dxfn]sf] 5 . ;fwf/0f;efkl5sf] a}+ssf] ;~rfns ;ldltdf lgnDagdf k/]sf ;~rfns eg] cfpg glbOg] atfOPsf] 5 . ;~rfnsx¿ czf]szdz]/ /f0ff, tLy{ k|wfg / xl/ e§/fO{n] /fi6« a}+ssf] sf/afxL /f]Sg dfu ub}{ k'g/fj]bg cbfnt kf6gdf lgj]bg lbPsf lyP . cbfntn] utxKtf g} a}+s ;~rfnssf] lgj]bg vf/]h u/]kl5 /fi6« a}+sn] lgoGq0fdf lnPsf] xf] . /fi6« a}+sn] o;cl3 klg ;d:ofdf /x]sf ljleGg a}+snfO{ s]xL dlxgf Joj:yfkg u/L ;DalGwt a}+s ;~rfnsx¿nfO{ lkmtf{ u/]sf] lyof] .

| Wednesday, 5 February, 2014 | k[i7 *±$

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;/sf/ agfpg sf+u];| clwstd ‘nrs’ v]d/fh yfkf sf7df8f}+, df3 @! . 7"nf] bn g]kfnL sf+u];| n] ;/sf/ lgdf{0fsf nflu clwstd nrs eP/ cGo bnsf] ;dy{g h'6fpg] lg0f{o u/]sf] 5 . sf+u];| s]Gb|Lo ;ldltsf] d+unaf/ kf6L{ sfof{no ;fgf]kfdf a;]sf] a}7sn] ;Qf ;fem]bf/Lsf nflu clwstd nrs x'g] lg0f{o lnPsf] xf] . sf+u];| n] cfkm\gf] g]t[Tjdf ;/sf/ u7gsf nflu clwstd bnsf] ;dy{g h'6fpg] lg0f{o u/]sf] s]Gb|Lo ;b:o ab|L kf08]n] hfgsf/L lbP . a}7sn] cGo bn;Fu jftf{ ug{ jftf{ 6f]nL agfpg] lg0f{o u/]sf] 5 . jftf{ 6f]nL agfpg] lhDdf kf6L{ ;efklt sf]O/fnfnfO{ lbOPsf] 5 . Kofs]hd} ;xdlt x'g'kg{] c8fg lnFb} cfPsf] Pdfn]n] /fi6«kltsf] kbfjlwsf ljifodf sf+u];| ;Fu ;xdlt ePdfq ;/sf/ lgdf{0fdf ;3fpg] c8fg lnO/x]sf a]nf sf+u];| n] nlrnf] aGg] lg0f{o u/]sf] xf] . Pdfn]sf] dfuadf]lhds} dGqfno lbg klg nlrnf] aGg] wf/0ff cfPsf] kf08]n] hfgsf/L lbP . Pdfn]n] u[xdGqfnonufotsf dxŒjk"0f{ dGqfno dfu ub}{ cfPsf] 5 . a}7sn] kf6L{ ;efklt tyf ;+;bLo bnsf g]tf ;'zLn sf]O/fnfnfO{ k|wfgdGqLsf] pDd]bjf/ agfpg] lg0f{o klg u/]sf] 5 . kf6L{sf] ljwfgdf ;+;bLo bnsf] g]tf g} k|wfgdGqLsf] pDd]bjf/ x'g] Joj:yf ePadf]lhd sf]O/fnfnfO{ k|wfgdGqLsf] pDd]bjf/ agfpg] lg0fo{ ;j{;Ddt kfl/t ul/Psf] s]Gb|Lo ;b:o kf08]n] hgsf/L lbP . a}7sdf ;/sf/df dGqL rogsf] dfkb08sf ljifodf ;d]t 5nkmn ePsf] 5 . kf6L{df nfdf] ;dob]lv of]ubfg u/]sf, Odfgbf/nfO{ dGqL 5gf]6sf] dfkb08 agfOg] sf+u];| n] hgfPsf] 5 . k|wfgdGqLsf pDd]bjf/ sf]O/fnf :jo+ TofuL g]tfsf ?kdf kl/lrt ePsfn] klg dGqLx¿ klg Odfgbf/ x'g'kg{] ;'emfj g]tfx?n] lbPsf] kf08n] hfgsf/L lbP . 

k|wfgdGqL lgjf{rg @& ut] sf7df8f}+, df3 @! -6f;_ . ;+;b\df gofF k|wfgdGqLsf] lgjf{rg cfufdL @& ut] x'g] ePsf] 5 . d+unaf/ a;]sf] Joj:yflksf ;+;b\ sfo{ Joj:yf k/fdz{ ;ldltsf] a}7sn] k|wfgdGqsf] lgjf{rg sfo{qmd to u/]sf] xf] . ;+;b ;lrjfnosf k|jQmf d's'Gb zdf{n] bnx¿sf] ;'emfjsf cfwf/df df3 @& ut] ;f]daf/ laxfg !! ah] k|wfgdGqLsf] lgjf{rg ug]{ lg0f{o ePsf] hfgsf/L lbP . zdf{sf cg';f/ ;+;b\sf] ;efd'vsf] sfo{ef/ lgjf{x ul//x]sf Ho]i7 ;b:o ;"o{axfb'/ yfkfn] k/fdz{ ;ldltsf] ;'´fjsf cfwf/df k|wfgdGqL r'Gg a'waf/sf] ;+;b\ a}7sdf ldlt tf]Sg]5g\ . ;+;b\ ;lrjfnosf dxf;lrj dgf]x/k|;fb e§/fO{nfO{ lgjf{rg clws[t tf]lsPsf] 5 . bnx¿n] ;xdtLo ;/sf/ u7g ug{ g;s]kl5 ax'dtLo k4ltaf6 k|wfgdGqLsf] lgjf{rg x'g nfu]sf] xf] . /fi6«klt 8f= /fdj/0f ofbjn] ax'dtLo cfwf/df k|wfgdGqL 5fGg Joj:yflksf ;+;b\nfO{ ;f]daf/ ;Gb]z k7fPsf lyP . cGtl/d ;+ljwfgsf] wf/f #* sf] pkwf/f @ cg';f/ ;+;b\nfO{ ax'dtLo cfwf/df k|wfgdGqL rog ug{ kq k7fPkl5 ;+;b\ ;lrjfnon] k|lqmof ;'? u/]sf] xf] . ax'dtLo k|lqmofdf 7"nf] bnsf] x}l;otn] g]kfnL sf+u|];n] ;o'Qm ;/sf/ lgdf{0fsf] k|of; yfln;s]sf] 5 . sf+u];| af6 kf6L{ ;efklt ;'zLn sf]O/fnf k|wfgdGqLsf pDd]bjf/ /x]sf 5g\ . a}7sdf % j6f ljifodf 5nkmn ePsf] lyof] . ;/sf/ u7gsf nflu kxn ug{ jftf{ ;ldlt agfpg], Ps jif{leq ;+ljwfg hf/L ug{] / ^ dlxgfleq :yfgLo lgsfo lgjf{rg ug{], ;/sf/df hfg] dGqL rogsf] dfkb08, sf+u];| g]t[Tjsf] ;/sf/nfO{ ;dy{g ug{] k|lta4tf u/]sf bnnfO{ wGojfb, ;/sf/nfO{ bL3{sfnLg k|efj kfg{] lg0f{o gug{ Wofgfsif{0f u/fpg] ljifodf 5nkmn ePsf] 5 . a}7sdf af]Ng] g]tfx?n] Pdfn]n] p7fpFb} cfPsf] /fi6«kltsf] kbfjlw ljifodf 5nkmn g} ug{ gx'g] wf/0ff /fv]sf lyP . pgLx?n] /fi6«kltsf] kbfjlwaf/] ;+ljwfgdf :ki6 Joj:yf ePsfn] of] ljifodf 5nkmn ug{' c;+j}wflgs x'g] wf/0ff /fv]sf] sf+u];| ;|f]tn] hgfPsf] 5 . ;|f]tsf cg';f/ g]tfx?n] dGqfnosf ljifodf clwstd nrs x'g'kg{] t/ /fi6«kltsf ljifodf 5nkmn g} ug{ gx'g] wf/0ff /fv]sf lyP . a}7sdf jl/i7 g]tf z]/axfb'/ b]pjfn] ;/sf/ u7gsf

nflu cGo bnsf] ;dy{g h'6fpg] ljifodf kf6L{ ;efklt :jod ;lqmo x'g'kg{] eGb} /fi6«kltsf ljifodf ;Demf}tf ug{ gx'g] wf/0ff /fv]sf lyP . pgn] /fi6«kltsf ljifodf 5nkmn ug{' c;+j}wflgs x'g] ts{ u/]sf] sf+u];| ;|f]tn] hgfof] . pgn] w]/} bnsf] ;dy{g h'6fP/ ;/sf/ lgdf{0f ug{'kg{] pNn]v ub{} cGo bn;Fu ;xldt ubf{ Ps jif{leq ;+ljwfg aGg] ljifonfO{ s]Gb|df /fVg'kg{] atfPsf lyP . a}7sdf pk;efklt /fdrGb| kf}8]nn] klg ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fnfO{ s]Gb|ljGb'df /fv]/ ;/sf/ lgdf{0fsf nflu nlrnf] x'g'kg{] atfPsf lyP . pgn] Pdfn];Fu} ldn]/ ;/sf/ agfpg'kg{] wf/0ff /fv]sf] ;|f]tn] hgfof] . sf+u];| n] lgo'lQm, ;?jf, a9'jf, lgodfjnLx? kl/jt{g ug]{ nufot bL3{sfnLg c;/ kfg]{ s'g} klg gLltut lg0f{ox? ug]{ sfd tTsfn aGb u/f];\ egL ;/sf/sf] Wofgfsif{0f u/fPsf] 5 . -afFsL k[i7 @ df_


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dxGy lgo'lQmlj?4 l/6

dlGqkl/ifb\ cWoIf;Fu # lbgleq lnlvt hjfkm dfu

6fOD; ;+jfbbftf sf7df8f}+, df3 @) . u'7L ;+:yfgn] df3 !( ut] hgsk'/sf] hfgsL dlGb/df gofF dxGy lgo'lQm ug]{ lg0f{o ab/ ug{ cGtl/d cfb]z dfu ub}{ ;f]daf/ ;jf]{Rr cbfntdf l/6 bfo/ ePsf] 5 . dxGy /fdtk]Zj/ bf;sf gfddf kfFrhgf clwjQmfn] ;f]daf/ l/6 bfo/ u/]sf x'g\ . l/6df lzio k/Dk/f ljk/Lt dlGb/df dxGy lgo'Qm ul/Psf] eGb} ab/ ug{ cGtl/d cfb]z dfu ul/Psf] 5 . l/6df u'7L ;+:yfg s]Gb|Lo sfof{no, hgsk'/ sfof{no, cWoIf k~rnfn dxh{g, hubLz bf;, lhNnf k|zf;g sfof{no wg'iffnufotnfO{ ljkIfL agfOPsf] 5 . clwjQmfx¿ ljho l;+x, nIdLaxfb'/ lg/fnf, dxfb]j ofbj, ljZjgfy k|;fb pkfWofo / k|zGg s'df/ bf;n] l/6 lbPsf x'g\ .o;}aLRf dxGy lgo'lQmsf] lj/f]wdf ljZjlxGb' dxf;+3, /fk|kf g]kfnnufotsf ;+3;+:yfn] cfGbf]ng ug]{ r]tfjgL lbPsf 5g\ . ;f]daf/ lj1lKt k|sfzg u/L dxf;+3 cGt/f{li6«o ;ldltsf ;lrj cl:dtf e08f/Ln] lgo'lQm g;RofP b]zJofkL cfGbf]ng ug]{ r]tfjgL lbPsL l5g\ . /fk|kf g]kfnsf ;~rf/ ljefu ;lrj /fhf/fd atf}{nfsf cg';f/ ;f] kf6L{sf] ;+;bLo bnn] lgo'lQmsf] lj/f]w u/]sf] xf] . gofF dxGy lgo'lQmsf] lj/f]wdf hgsk'/l:yt ;+:yfg sfof{nodf cfOtaf/b]lv nufPsf] tfnfaGbL cem} v'n]sf] 5}g .

ckx]ngf d'2f 6fOD; ;+jfbbftf sf7df8f},+ df3 @! . dlGqkl/ifb\ cWoIf lvn/fh /]UdL;lxtsf ljkIfLnfO{ ckx]ngf d'2fdf d+unaf/ ;jf]{Rr cbfntn] # lbgleq lnlvt hjfkm;lxt cfkm}F jf jf/];dfkm{t pkl:yt x'g cfb]z hf/L u/]sf] 5 . x8\tfnsf sf/0f aGb ul/Psf lrlsT;f ;]jf ;~rfng u/fpg o;cl3 hf/L ePsf] cfb]z ;dod} sfof{Gjog gePkl5 bfo/ ePsf] ckx]ngf d'2fdf GofofwLz j}Bgfy pkfWofosf] Psn Ohnf;n] lnlvt sf/0f;lxt pkl:yt x'g

;f] cfb]z hf/L u/]sf] xf] . o;cl3 ;jf{]Rrsf] Psn Ohnf;n] b]ze/sf c:ktfnsf s'g} klg ;]jf aGb gu/fpg / cfb]z k|fKt ePsf] Ps 3G6fleq lrlsT;f ;]jf ;~rfng u/fpg cGtl/d cfb]z hf/L u/]sf] b'O{ lbg lalt;Sbf klg aGb / x8\tfnnfO{ oyfjt\ hf/L /fv]]sf] eGb} pkef]Qmf lxt ;+/If0f d~rsf ;b:o tyf clwjQmf lji0f'k|;fb ltldlN;gf, sfe]| lhNnf lgjf;L kf]ifsnfn >]i7 / csf{ clwjQmf ;'lgn/Ghg l;+xn] ;+o'Qm ¿kdf cbfntsf] cfb]zsf] ckx]ngf u/]sf] eGb} d'2f btf{ u/fPsf lyP .

lqljlj lzIf0f c:ktfndf l8g lgo'lQmsf] ljifonfO{ lnP/ ut k'; @* ut]b]lv lqlj lzIf0f c:ktfnsf] alx/+u ;]jf / oxL df3 % ut]b]lv b]ze/sf cGo :jf:Yo ;+:yf aGb ePkl5 tL :jf:Yo ;+:yf tTsfn v'nfpg dfu ub}{ bfo/ ePsf] l/6 lgj]bgdf pQm cbfntsf GofofwLz k|sfz j:tLsf] Psn Ohnf;n] oxL df3 ^ ut] dlGqkl/ifb\sf cWoIf, :jf:Yo tyf hg;+VofdGqL, lzIffdGqL, u[xdGqL, lqe'jg ljZjljBfnonufot !^ j6f ;+:yfsf gfddf ;f] cfb]z hf/L u/]sf] lyof] .

;]jfu|fxLk|lt Odfgbf/ eP/ ;]jf ug{ lgb]{zg

6fOD; t:jL/

j;Gt k~rdLsf cj;/df d+unaf/ /fhwfgLsf] j;Gtk'/df j;Gt >j0f ub{} /fi6«klt 8f= /fdj/0f ofbj .

dfgjclwsf/ ;r]tgf sfo{qmd d'nse/ ;~rfng x'g] sf7df8f}+, df3 @! . ;/sf/n] dfgjclwsf/ tyf dfgjLo sfg'gsf] ;r]tgfsf nflu d'n'se/ g} ;r]tgf sfo{qmd ;~rfng ug]{ ePsf] 5 . dfgjclwsf/sf] ;fdfGo l;4fGtsf af/]df hgr]tgf hufpg] p2]Zosf ;fy gful/s:t/df cfufdL kmfu'gaf6 ;'? x'g]u/L ;r]tgf sfo{qmd ;~rfng ug{ nfu]sf] xf] . sfg'g, Gofo tyf ;+;bLo dfldnf dGqfnon] dfgjclwsf/ ;DaGwL ljBfno txaf6} hfgsf/L u/fpg ;f] sfo{qmd ;'? ug{ nfu]sf] hgfPsf] 5 . dfgjclwsf/sf] kfngf tyf k|Tofe"lt u/fpg ;xof]u k'¥ofpg] sfo{qmdsf] k|d'v p2]Zo /x]sf] dGqfnosf k|jQmf 6]sk|;fb 9'+ufgfn] hfgsf/L lbP . dfgjclwsf/sf] ;Ddfg ug]{ sfo{nfO{ ;+:s[ltsf] ¿kdf ljsf; ug{ To; vfnsf sfo{qmd k|efjsf/L x'g] ljZjf; lnOPsf] pgn] atfP . dfgjclwsf/ tyf dfgjLo sfg'g;DaGwL ljifodf bIftf clej[l4 ug{

sf+u];| ;efklt / a]nfotL /fHodGqL e]6

ljBfno:t/df ;r]tgf sfo{qmd ;~rfng ul/g] / ;f] sfo{qmdaf6 ljBfnosf lzIfs tyf ljBfyL{x¿ nfeflGjt x'g] dGqfnosf] ljZjf; /x]sf] 5 . klxnf] r/0fdf dGqfnon] ut k'; @( ut] ndh'ª / #) ut] dsjfgk'/df gd'gfsf ¿kdf ;DkGg u/]sf] uf]i7Ln] ;sf/fTds glthf lbPkl5 d'nse/ ;f] vfnsf] uf]i7L ug{ nfu]sf] xf] . ;f] sfo{qmd ;Fu;Fu} dlxnfsf] ;xeflutf / ;'/Iff;DaGwL ;+o'Qm /fi6«;+3Lo ;'/Iff kl/ifb\af6 kfl/t k|:tfj g+ !#@% / !*@) tyf dfgjclwsf/ / vf;u/L dlxnfsf clwsf/, afnclwsf/, ckf+utf ePsf JolQm tyf h]i7 gful/ssf clwsf/;Fu hf]l8Psf ljifodf ;d]t ;r]tgf sfo{qmd ug]{ ePsf] 5 . o:t} hftLo e]befj, 5'jf5"t, j}b]lzs /f]huf/, sfg'gL ;xfotfnufotsf ljifodf ;r]tgf sfo{qmd s]lGb|t /xg]5 . -/f;;_

;xdlt sfof{Gjog ug{ lrlsT;s ;+3sf] dfu

6fOD; ;+jfbbftf sf7df8f}+, df3 @! . g]kfnL sf+u];| sf ;efklt ;'zLn sf]O/fnf;Fu g]kfn e|d0fdf /x]sf a]nfotL cGt/f{li6«o ljsf;;DaGwL /fHodGqL Png 8+sgn] d+unaf/ sf]O/fnf lgjf; dxf/fhuGhdf e]6jftf{ u/]sf 5g\ . ;f] cj;/df a]nfotL /fHodGqL 8+sgn] g]kfndf ;+ljwfg;efsf] lgjf{rg zflGtk"0f{ ¿kdf ;DkGg ePsf]df v';L JoQm ub}{ ca ;/sf/ / ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f x'g'kg]{ wf/0ff /fv]sf] hgfOPsf] 5 . pgn] a]nfot ;/sf/ g]kfnsf] ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f / ljsf; sfo{df ;xof]u ug{ k|lta4 /x]sf] klg atfP .

sf7df8f}+, df3 @! -6f;_ . g]kfn lrlsT;s ;+3n] :jf:Yo If]qdf b]lvPsf ;d:ofsf ;DaGwdf ;/sf/ / ;+3aLr df3 !) ut] ePsf] ;xdlt sfof{Gjog gcfPsfdf lrGtf JoQm u/]sf] 5 . ;+3sf dxf;lrj 8f= d'lQm/fd >]i7n] d+unaf/ lj1lKt hf/L u/L ;xdltnfO{ cIf/zM sfof{Gjog ub{} lqlj lrlsT;f zf:qsf] l8g lgo'lQm cljnDa ug{ ;/sf/;Fu dfu;d]t u/]sf 5g\ . lj1lKtdf elgPsf] 5, …zL3|eGbf zL3| ;xdltnfO{ sfof{Gjog gul/Pdf k'gM cfGbf]ng ul/g] 5 . :jf:Yo If]qsf] cfd"n kl/jt{gsf nflu b]ze/sf ;Dk"0f{ lrlsT;s, :jf:YosdL{, gful/s ;dfh Pjd\ ;j{;fwf/0fn] u/]sf w}o{tfnfO{ sdhf]/L g7fgL ;xdltdf ePsf lg0f{o t'?Gt sfof{Gjog ug{ hf]8bf/ dfu ub{5f}F .Ú

;+;b\ sfd{rf/Laf6 eQf j[l4sf] dfu sf7df8f}+, df3 @! -6f;_ . Joj:yflksf ;+;b\ ;lrjfno sd{rf/L o'lgogn] ;lrjfno sd{rf/Lsf] ;]jf ;'ljwf j[l4 ug{ ;efd'vsf] sfo{ef/ ;Dxfln/x]sf Ho]i7 ;b:o ;"o{axfb'/ yfkfnfO{ cfu|x u/]sf 5g\ . d+unaf/ o'lgogsf cWoIf ;+ho bfxfnsf] g]t[Tjsf] Ps 6f]nLn] yfkf;Fu e]6 u/L sd{rf/Lsf] eQf tyf cGo ;'ljwf j[l4 ug{ dfu u/]sf] xf] . pgLx¿n] ;+ljwfg;efsf] lgjf{rg ePsf] ldltb]lv eQfsf] Joj:yf ug{ dfu u/]sf 5g\ . ;lrjfnon] dftxtsf sd{rf/LnfO{ ;+;b\ a}7s ePsf] cj:ydf tnasf] #% k|ltzt eQf lbg] u/]sf] 5 . sd{rf/L o'lgogn] eg] a}7ssf a]nf sfof{no sfdsf] ;do clglZrt x'g] ePsfn] zt k|ltzt eQf lbg'kg]{ dfu u/]sf] 5 . lghfdtL ;+u7gdf %) k|ltzt;Dd eQf lbg] Joj:yf eP klg ;+;bsf sd{rf/Ln] #% k|ltztdfq kfPsf] sd{rf/Lx¿sf] egfO 5 . o'lgogsf cWoIf bfxfnn] ;lrjfnodfkm{t cfkm\gf dfu ;efd'v;Dd k'¥ofpg] atfP . …xfdLn]] 7"nf] dfu /fv]sf 5}gf}+, bfxfnn] eg], …cGo sd{rf/L;/x xfdLn] klg ;]jf ;'ljwf kfpg'k5{ eg]sf xf}+ .’

OlGhlgo/x¿sf] e]nf 6fOD; ;+jfbbftf sf7df8f}+, df3 @! . g]kfn OlGhlgo/ P;f]l;P;gsf] ljwfg ;+zf]wg ug]{ p2]Zon] ;f] P;f]l;P;gåf/f OlGhlgo/x¿aLr d+unaf/ /fhwfgLdf 5nkmn sfo{qmdsf] cfof]hgf ul/of] . sfo{qmddf jQmfx¿n]] OlGhlgol/ª If]qsf] ljsf; tyf k|j4{gsf nflu Wofg lbg'kg]{ cfjZostf cf}FNofP . ;f] cj;/df ef}lts of]hgf tyf k"jf{wf/ dGqfnosf ;lrj t'N;Lk|;fb l;6f}nfn] OlGhlgol/ª If]qsf] cfd"n kl/jt{g h?/L /x]sf] rrf{ ub}{ o;sf] kxn ;dofg's"n ljwfgdf ;+zf]wg u/]/ P;f]l;P;g cufl8 a9\g'kg]{ atfP . pgn] OlGhlgo/sf] a[xt\ e]nfn] 7f]; ;'emfj cfpg] ljZjf; JoQm u/] .

dxTjk"0f{ 6]lnkmf]g gDa/ c:ktfn

PDa'n]G;

cfo'j]{b lrlsT;fno, g/b]jL $@%)!*@ sf7df8f}+ df]8n xl:k6n $@$)*)% sflGtafn c:ktfn $$@&$%@ cu|jfn ;]jf s]Gb| $$@$*&% 6]s' c:ktfn $@%##(^ g]kfn cfFvf a}+s $$(#^*$ g]kfn cfFvf c:ktfn $@%)^(! kf6g c:ktfn %%@@@&* k|;'tLu[x $@%#@&^ eQmk'/ c:Ktfn ^^!)^&^ dfgl;s c:ktfn %%@!### jL/]Gb| k|x/L c:ktfn $$!@$#) x[bo/f]u s]Gb| #&!#@@ xf]ldof]Koflys lrlsT;fno %%@@)(@ ag]kf c:ktfn ^^^!!!! ldt]/L c:ktfn $@%#@&^ /Qm;~rf/ s]Gb| $@@%#$$ g];gn 8]G6n xl:k6n $$#^#!! lqljlj lzIf0f c:ktfn $$!@&)& /]o'sfO{ cfFvf c:ktfn, ag]kf )!!– ^^!%*) sf7df8f}+ d]l8sn sn]h k|f=ln= $$&^!%@ d]l8s]o/ g]zgn xl:k6n $$^&)^& g]kfn d]l8sn sn]h $(!!))* sflGtk'/ 8]G6n xl:k6n dxf/fhu+h$#&!^)# jL/ c:ktfn $@@!(** P=Pg=kL=;L=;fd'bflos c:ktfn ^@))&** aL P08 aL c:ktfn %%##@)^

/]8qm; PDa'n]G; ;]jf sf7df8f}+ dWok'/ l7dL gu/kflnsf bdsn ;]jf sf7df8f}+, nlntk'/, eQmk'/ g]kfn r]Da/ PDa'n]G; k/f]ksf/ PDa'n]G; ljzfn ahf/ PDa'n]G; -lgz'Ns_ h]l;; PDa'n]G; hg:jf:Yo PDa'n]G; kz'klt cfo{3f6 ;]jf s]Gb| dfOlt g]kfn PDa'n]G; Go"8 l5 g]kfn Pda'n]G; ;]jf nflhDkf6 Sna PDa'n]G; nlntk'/ /]8qm; PDa'n]G; ;]jf

$@@*)($ ^^^#!)) !)! $@#)@!# $@^)*%( $@$$!@! ^^!!!!! $@&*^!@ $(@((( $($*!^ ^^#!^%* $$#%&@! %%$%^^^

zjafxg g]kfn r]Da/ zjafxg ;To;fO{ s]Gb| lgz'Ns zjafxg

$@#)@!# $$(*)#%

l;Gw'nLu9L oftfoft

‘z'eofqf z'e lbg ;]jf u5f}+ /ft lbg' l;Gw'nLu9L oftfoft ;]jf ;ldlt b}lgs ofqfsf nflu xfdLnfO{ ;Demg'xf];\ lhk 5'6\g] ;do sf7df8f}+, sf]6]Zj/ laxfg ^ ah] laxfg *M#) ah] lbpF;f] !! ah] ;Dks{ M gj/fh sfsL{ (*$()&$))*, (*$$)()!#!

6fOD; ;+jfbbftf sf7df8f}+, df3 @! . ;/sf/n] hgtfk|lt Odfgbf/ eP/ ;]jf ug{ / cfkm\gf] k];fut dof{bfnfO{ Vofn ug{ lrlsT;sx¿nfO{ lgb]{zg lbPsf] 5 . la/fdL tyf ;]jfu|fxLnfO{ plrt Wofg lbP/ ;]jf k|bfg ug'{ lrlsT;ssf] klxnf] wd{ ePsf] eGb} ;/sf/n] ;fdflhs k|lti7fsf nflu klg st{Jolgi7 x'g'kg]{df ;r]t u/fPsf] xf] . k|wfgdGqL tyf dlGqkl/ifb\ sfof{nosf ;lrj s[i0fxl/ afF:sf]6fn] d+unaf/ kf6g :jf:Yo lj1fg k|lti7fgdf cfof]lht …≈jfO6 sf]6 ;]/]df]gLÚnfO{ ;Daf]wg ub}{ ;f] lgb]{zg lbPsf x'g\ . k|lti7fgn] rf}yf] ;d"xsf PdlalaP; cWoog ug]{ ^) hgf ljBfyL{x¿sf nflu pQm sfo{qmd

g]kfn OlGhlgol/ª kl/ifb\sf cWoIf zflns/fd l;+xn] OlGhlgo/x¿ b]zsf] d]?b08 ePsfn] b]zsf] d'xf/ km]g{ OlGhlgo/n] s7f]/ kl/>d ug'{kg]{ vfFrf] cf}FNofP . ljwfg ;'emfj cfof]usf ;+of]hs Pjd\ ;f] P;f]l;P;gsf cWoIf dx]Gb|axfb'/ u'?ªn] kl/jlt{t kl/l:ylt / OlGhlgo/sf] dfucg';f/ ljwfg ;+zf]wg ug{ P;f]l;P;gn] kl5Nnf] sbd rfn]sf] atfP . sfo{kq k|:t't ub}{ OlGhlgo/ O{Zj/rGb| aflgofFn] @)!( ;fndf :yflkt P;f]l;P;gdf w]/}eGbf w]/} OlGhlgo/ ;d]6\g] p2]Zon] ;+zf]wgsf] k|:tfj ul/Psf] atfP . % ;o OlGhlgo/af6 ;'? ePsf] ;f] P;f]l;P;gdf xfn !^ xhf/ OlGhlgo/ cfa4 5g\ .

cfof]hgf u/]sf] lyof] . lrlsT;sn] hgtf / la/fdLk|lt ;]jf efj /fvL sfd ubf{ hLjgdf ;kmntfsf] ;Gt'li6 tyf ;fdflhs k|lti7f k|fKt x'g] eGb} pgn] wgcfh{gsf nflu lrlsT;fh:tf] kljq k];fnfO{ la6'Nofpg gx'g]df hf]8 lbP . ;lrj afF:sf]6fn] cfd hgtfdf lrlsT;sk|lt 7"nf] ljZjf;, e/f];f / k|lti7f /x] klg lrlsT;sn] ;f]xLcg';f/ pRr g}ltstf, ;bfrfl/tf / hgtfd}qL Jojxf/ ug{ cfu|x u/] . sfo{qmddf k|lti7fgsf pks'nklt h]Pg ;fx, k"j{pks'nklt 8f= ch'{g sfsL{ / :jf:Yo tyf hg;+Vof dGqfnosf ;x;lrj 8f= tLy{/fh a'nf{sf]6Ln] hgtfsf] ;]jfdf lrlsT;sn] k'¥ofpg'kg]{ ;]jf tyf ;'ljwfsf] af/]df ;r]t eP/ nfUg'kg]{df hf]8 lbPsf lyP .

;/sf/===

hgsk'/ hfgsL dlGb/sf dxGy tk]Zj/ bf;nfO{ cgfjZos tl/sfaf6 lgisf;g u/]sfdf klg sf+u];| n] cfklQ hgfPsf] 5 . k/Dk/fcg';f/ g} lgo'lQm ug{ u/fpg ;DalGwt lgsfosf] Wofgfsif{0f u/fpg] lg0f{o ePsf] sf+u];| n] hf/L u/]sf] lj1lKtdf hgfOPsf] 5 . a'waf/ ;+;bLo bnsf] a}7s ug{] lg0f{o;d]t ePsf] hgfOPsf] 5 . a}7sdf pk;efklt /fdrGb| kf}8]n, s]Gb|Lo ;b:ox? 8f= /fdz/0f dxt, ch'{gg/l;+x s];L, dx]z cfrfo{, g/xl/ cfrfo{, 8f= ldg]Gb| l/hfn, 8f= k|sfzz/0f dxt, dLgf kf08], dfgaxfb'/ ljZjsdf{, ch'{gk|;fb hf]zL, eLid/fh cfª\bDa], cfgGbk|;fb 9'+ufgf, s[i0frGb| g]kfnL, lbks lu/L, sdnf kGt, wg/fh u'?ª, dx]Gb| ofbj, k'ikf e';fn, z+s/ e08f/L, uug yfkf, ab|L kf08], O{Zj/L Gof}kfg], ldgfIfL emf, /fdrGb| ltjf/L / ldgf ;'Aafn] cf– cfkm\gf] wf/0ff /fv]sf lyP .

cf]nL===

;f] 5nkmndf pkfWoIf ljBf e08f/L, dxf;lrj O{Zj/kf]v]n| , ;lrjåo lji0f' kf}8]n / z+s/ kf]v/]n klg ;xefuL lyP . e}F;]kf6Ldf klg ;xdlt x'g g;s]kl5 s]Gb|Lo sld6L a}7s ePsf] lyof] . sl/a === ldg]6 a}7s u/]/ g]tfx¿ l;+xb/af/l:yt ;+;bLo bnsf] sfof{no k'u]sf lyP . ;xdltsf] k|of; c;kmn ePkl5 lgjf{rg k|lqmof ;'? ePsf] lyof] . vgfnsf] k|:tfjs g]kfn / ;dy{sdf ;ef;b ci6nIdL zfSo lyP . o;}u/L cf]nLsf] k|:tfjs pkfWoIf uf}td / ;dy{s ;lrj kf}8]n lyP . klxnf] dtbfg cWoIf vgfn, bf];|f] cf]nL / t];f| ] g]tf g]kfnn] u/]sf lyP .

cf]nL / uf}tdsf] u7aGwg ePkl5 cWoIf vgfn cNkdtdf k/]sf x'g\ . cWoIf vgfnlgs6 dflgg] pkfWoIf uf}tdn] PsfPs cf]nL;Fu u7aGwg u/]kl5 Pdfn]df zlQm ;dLs/0f ablnPsf] xf] . cf]nL / uf}tdaLr tTsfn ;+;bLo bnsf] g]tfdf cf]nLnfO{ ;3fpg], sf+u];| Fu aGg] ;/sf/df Pdfn]sf] tkm{af6 uf}tdn] g]t[Tj ug]{, cfufdL dxflwj]zgdf uf}tdn] cf]nLnfO{ cWoIf kbdf lhtfpg ;3fpg], cf]nL kf6L{ cWoIf ePkl5 ;+;bLo bnsf] g]tf kb uf}tdnfO{ x:tfGt/0f ug{] / o;sf nflu …Ps kb Ps JolQmÚ sf] dfGotf cl3 ;fg{] ;xdlt ePsf] 5 . vgfn / g]kfnaLr eg] cfufdL gjf}+ dxflwj]zgdf g]kfnnfO{ cWoIf agfpg ;xdlt ePsf] 5 . Pdfn]sf nflu /fi6«klt jf k|wfgdGqLsf] cj;/ cfPdf To;df vgfn hfg] / g]kfnn] kf6L{ xfFSg] leqL ;xdlt ePsf] 5 . vgfn bf]xf]¥ofP/ cWoIf gaGg] dgl:yltdf k'u]kl5 o:tf] ;dLs/0f ag]sf] Ps g]tfn] atfP . Pdfn]df s]Gb|Lo sld6Ln] ;+;bLo bnsf] g]tfsf] gfd lg0f{o ug]{ ;+;bLo ;ldltn] cg'df]bg ug{] k|rng lyof] . oxLcg';f/ @)$* / )%! df dgdf]xg clwsf/L, @)%^ df g]kfn / @)^$ df vgfn bnsf] g]tf ag]sf lyP . o;k6s s]Gb|Lo sld6L a}7sdf ;xdlt x'g g;s]kl5 klxnf] k6s lgjf{rg ePsf] xf] . ;+;bLo bnsf g]tf lgjf{lrt ePkl5 cf]nLn] Pdfn] Psl9Ssf eP/ cl3 a9\g] atfP . pgn] kf6L{df nf]stflGqs cEof; ePsf] / dt lbPsf] jf glbPsf] cfwf/df cfkm"n] s;}k|lt e]befj / k"jf{u|x g/fVg] atfP . pgn] ;+jfbbftfx?;Fu eg], …xfdL ldqtfk"0f{ 9+un] cl3 a9\g]5f}+ .Ú cWoIf vgfnn] klg cfkm"x¿n] ldn]/ sfd ug{] atfP .

oftfoft tflnsf dxfsfnL oftfoft

dsfn' a; ;]jf ;]jf l/he]{;g tyf cGo / $@&&%%@ sfs8le§f laxfg eb|k'/ laxfg dw'dNnf laxfg la/f6gu/-!_ /fhlj/fh w/fg l;/xf la/f6gu/-@_ dn+ujf la/f6gu/-#_ sn}of-!_ hgsk'/ uf}/ kf]v/f -ldgL lel8of]_ aL/u+h-!_ a/xyjf jL/u+h-@_ e/tk'/-!_ sn}of-@_ jL/u+h-#_ e/tk'/-@_ jL/u+h-$_ kfj{tLk'/ 8fF8L k;f{ hubk'/ vfn]l;dn e]uf}nL sfjf;f]tL w/fg -/flq_ jL/u+h -/flq_

hfgsf/Lsf nflu $@*!(&@ %M)) ah] %M!) ah] %M@) ah] laxfg %M$% ah] laxfg ^M)) ah] laxfg ^M)% ah] laxfg ^M!% ah] laxfg ^M@% ah] laxfg ^M#% ah] laxfg ^M$% ah] laxfg &M)% ah] laxfg &M@) ah] laxfg &M$) ah] laxfg *M)) ah] laxfg *M)) ah] laxfg *M#) ah] laxfg (M))ah] laxfg (M#) ah] laxfg !)M!%ah] laxfg !!M)) ah] laxfg !!M$% ah] lbpF;f] !@M$% ah] lbpF;f] !@M#) ah] lbpF;f] !M)) ah] lbpF;f] !M#) ah] lbpF;f] !M$% ah] lbpF;f] !M%% ah] lbpF;f] @M@) ah] ;fFem %M)) ah] a]n'sf *M!%ah]

sf7df8f}+ dx]Gb|gu/ laxfg %M) sf7df8f}+–bfª laxfg ^M)) ah] -klxnf]_ laxfg ^M#) ah] -bf];|f]_

;+o'Qm dfOqmf] ;~rfng ;ldlt bfª M sf7df8f}+ a'lsª OGrfh{ ;'zLn -of]uL_ (*$!%(%))& ;Gtf]if >]i7 – (*$!^#^*&! cg'k zfx – (*$!($@%#@# ;'Gwf/f, sf7df8f}+ . ;fy}, l/he{sf] nflu klg ;Dks{ ug'{xf]nf . 5'6\g] ;do M %M@)–(M))

;Dk"0f{ oftfoft ;Dk"0f{ oftfoft Joj;foL ;+3 l;d/fåf/f ;~rflnt 6f6f ;"df] leS6f jL/u~h, l;d/f, s'n]vfgL, sf7df8f}+ cf/fdbfoL Pj+ e/kbf{] ofqfsf nflu ;Dks{ M k|wfg sfof{no l;d/f )%#–%@!*!% zfvf sfof{no sf7df8f}+ (*$%!#)^)) zfvf sfof{no jL/u~h )%!–%@#%%(,(*$%)@!^*@ l;d/f sfpG6/ M (*%%)@$$)@

klZrd g]kfn dfOqmf] ;]jf 5'6\g] ;do laxfg a'6jn–e}/xjf–;'gf}nL M ;Dks{ M gofF a;kfs{ kfNkf &M!% ^M#),*M)),(M)) $#^#!@, $#^#*!# s[i0fgu/ *M!% !)M)), !!M)), !@M#) (*$!!##*()

Go" :jl:tsf l8nS; LCD sf]r lbjf tyf /fqL ;]jf sf7df8f}+–uf}/–sf7df8f}+ l/he]]{;g tyf cGo hfgsf/Lsf nflu sf7df8f}+M–$@%((!@, )!^–@!@)#) (*$!%!@!($ -cf]d_ sf7df8f}+, (*$%)$)@(! -ljho_ uf}/

x]nDa' oftfoft sf7df8f}+–d]nDrL d]nDrL–sf7df8f}+

laxfg %M#) ah] / lbpF;f] #M#) ah] laxfg %M$% ah] / lbpF;f] #M$% ah]

e]/L oftfoft Joj;foL ;+3 g]kfnu+h sf]l7of3f6 u'nl/of a'6an g]kfnu+h

laxfg %M)) ah] laxfg %M#) ah] laxfg ^M)) ah]

cUgL oftfoft a; ;]jf l/he]{;g tyf cGo hfgsf/Lsf nflu $#!)@#!,$$@^&*)#,$$@*%^##

lzv/fk'/ oftfoft

-a; 5'6\g] ;do laxfg M $M$% ah] b]lv *M!% ;Dd_

gf/fo0fL oftfoft

gf/fo0fL oftfoft Joj;foL ;+3åf/f ;+rflnt 6f6f ;'df] ;]jf sf7df8f}+af6 blIf0fsfnL, kmlk{ª, x]6f}8f x'Fb} jL/u~h;Dd lzv/fk'/ oftfoft k|f= ln= a; 5'6\g] ;do 6f6f ;'df] ;]jf laxfg ^ ah]b]lv ( ah];Dd x/]s cfwf÷3G6fdf 5'6\g] l/he{sf nflu ;Dkks{ M laxfg !) ah]b]lv a]n'sf $ ah];Dd x/]s Ps÷Ps 3G6fdf 5'6\g] )!$^&#@^), (*$!%&^(#) ;Dks{ M d'Vo sfof{no M x]6f}8f )%&–%@!^&) sf7df8f}+ blIf0fsfnL s'n]vfgL x'Fb} x]6f}8f zfvf sfof{no aNv' $^&)&$& lj/u~h sn}of rk'/ nfnaGbL;Dd zfvf sfof{no jL/u~h )%!–%@)^!$ df]= (*$!–$)@$%$, (*$!–%#*!^$, (*$!–$&(@(&

;f]Rg] zlQm a9\g5] , ;ef;Dd]ngdf ;xefuL . d]if M cfkmGtsf] ;xof]u, dgf]andf j[l4 x'g5] . j[if M ldy'g M cfhsf] sfo{ ;kmn, ;xof]u ug]x{ ? a9\g] . ss{6 M gofF sfd kfpg] of]u, c¿sf] dg lhTg ;kmn . l;+x M ofqfdf /dfOnf] x'g5] , wg ;l~rt x'g] . sGof M kz'rf}kfofaf6 wg nfe, k'/fgf] ldq;Fu e]6 . t'nf M a'l4 a9\g5] , kl/jf/df ;'vdo aGg] . j[lZrs M k/fqmd a9\g5] , ldqju{af6 ;xof]u . xif{ a9\b} hfg]5, cfsl:ds bJo nfesf] of]u . wg' M ds/ M c:j:ytf a9\g,] b}lgs sfo{df ljnDa . s'De M ckJoo x'g,] bh'efOaLr snx x'g] of]u . dLg M wd{–sd{ a9\g,] cfly{s kIf alnof] aGg] . ef]lnsf] k~rf+u M >Lzfs] !(#%, lj=;+ @)&), df3 @# ut], laxLaf/ ^ tfl/v, km]aj'| /L @)!$, k/fejgfd ;+jT;/], pQ/fo0f] lzlz/ Ctf}, df3 z'SnkIf ;KtdL @^÷@( ltly, clZjgL gIfq &÷%@, z'e of]u *÷%$, eb|f s/0f, cfgGbflb of]udf dfg; of]u, rGb|df d]if /flzdf, lbgdfg @&÷@#, ;"of]b{ o ^÷%) ;"of{t !&÷$& .


d'n's

@)&) df3 @@, a'waf/ | Wednesday, 5 February, 2014

#

clwsf/L bDktL cg;g k|s/0f

bf]ifLdfly sf/afxL ug{ clN6d]6d 6fOD; ;+jfbbftf sf7df8f}+, df3 @! . dfgjclwsf/sdL{x¿n] ! ;o $ lbgb]lv nuftf/ cfd/0f cg;gdf /x]sf s[i0fk|;fb clwsf/L / gGbdfof clwsf/Lsf] 5f]/f s[i0fk|;fb clwsf/Lsf] xTofsf] ;DaGwdf !) lbgleq 7f]; 5fglag u/L bf]lifdfly sf/afxL k|lqmof cl3 ga9fP cGt/f{li6«o hutnfO{ u'xfg]{ r]tfjgL lbPsf 5g\ . hl:6; km/ gGbk|;fb cleofgn] d+unaf/ l/kf]6{;{ Sna g]kfndf cfof]hgf u/]sf] kqsf/ ;Dd]ngdf dfgjclwsf/sdL{ ;'lbk kf7sn] cg;gs} qmddf hl08; / ;'u/ b]lvPkl5 clwsf/L bDktLsf] hLjg emg} vt/fk"0f{ aGb} uPsf] eGb} !) lbgleq ;/sf/n] pgLx¿sf] dfu k"/f gu/] cg';Gwfg / sf/afxLsf nflu cGt/f{li6«o hut u'xfg]{

r]tfjgL lbP . pgn] !) lbgkl5 klxnf] r/0fdf cGt/f{li6«o hutnfO{ cf≈jfg ug]{, bf];f| ] r/0fdf lgj]bg k7fpg] / t];f| ] r/0fdf cGt/f{li6«o cg';Gwfgstf{ g} af]nfpg] of]hgf ;'gfP . kf7sn] d'n'ssf] kmf}Hbf/L sfg'gcg';f/ hfx]/L lbg] ;a}sf] cg';Gwfg k|lqmof ;/sf/n] tTsfn a9fpg'kg]{ eGb} s[i0fk|;fb xTofsf08sf] lhDd]jf/L lng] k"j{k|wfgdGqL 8f= afa'/fd e§/fO{ af]nfP/ ;f]wk'5 ug{ dfu u/] . pgn] eg], …xTofsf] lhDd]jf/L lng] k"j{k|wfgdGqLnfO{ /fHon] k"h:{ sf6]/ s]/sf/ ug'{k5{ . xf]Og eg] k|r08 / afa'/fdhLn] cg';Gwfgdf ;xof]u ug'{k5{ .Ú pgn] kLl8t kl/jf/nfO{ pgLx¿sf] ufpFdf k'g:yf{kgf ug]{ jftfj/0f cem}

g/x]sf] eGb} ufpFdf ;fdflhs qf; ePsfn] d]nldnfksf] 7f]; k|of;lagf hfg ;Sg] cj:yf g/x]sf] atfP . åGå;Fu ;DaGw gePsf] P;Pn;L lbP/ a;]sf] lszf]/ s[i0fk|;fb clwsf/Lsf] xTof cfk/flws 36gf g} ePsfn] /fHo o; ljifodf uDeL/ aGg' kg]{ eGb} /fHo lsg cNdlnPsf] 5, s;n] cg';Gwfg /f]ls/x]sf] 5 egL k|Zg;d]t u/] . kqsf/ ;Dd]ngdf cg;gdf a;]sf clwsf/L bDktLsf 5f]/f g'/k|;fb clwsf/Ln] cfkm\gf] xTofsf] lhDd]jf/L lng] k"j{k|wfgdGqL 8f= afa'/fd e§/fO{ / k|r08nfO{ sf/afxL ug{ dfu u/] . pgn] åGåaf6 lj:yflkt eP/ ljleGg d'n's / :yfgdf a;]sfx¿nfO{ cfkm" a;]sf] 7fpFd} Gofosf] cleofg ;'? ug{ ;d]t cf≈jfg u/] .

;/:jtLsf] k"hf u/L >Lk~rdL dgfOof] aemfªsf] l/7fkf6f uflj;df d+unaf/ cfkm\gf] v]tdf nufPsf] ux'F afnLleq 3fF; a6'Nb} :yfgLo dlxnf .

t:jL/ M /fh]Gb| l;+x÷lx6f

‘An8 O/fl8P6/’ d]l;g lelqFb} sf7df8f}+, df3 @! . /Qm SofG;/ /f]uLx¿nfO{ z/L/df /ut lbg'k"j{ /f]uLsf z/L/nfO{ xflg ug{] tTjnfO{ gi6 u/L /utnfO{ xflg/xLt agfpg] pks/0f -An8 O/fl8P6/_ d]l;g g]kfndf lelqg] ePsf] 5 . g]kfndf klxnf] k6s lghfdtL c:ktfnn] ;f] pks/0f k|of]udf Nofpg nfu]sf] xf] . o:tf] pks/0f xfn;Dd g]kfndf k|of]udf cfPsf] 5}g . ef/tdf klg b'O{j6f dfq /x]sf] atfOPsf] 5 . c:ktfnsf sfo{sf/L lgb{]zs k|f8f ljdn yfkfn] lbPsf] hfgsf/Lcg';f/ ;f] pks/0f vl/bsf nflu c:ktfnn] cGt/f{li6«o ¿kdf af]nkq cf≈jfg ul/;s]sf] 5 . …;Dejt hfkfg, hd{gL, cd]l/sfaf6 ;f] pks/0f vl/b x'G5 . of] ;]jf ;'? ePkl5 /Qm SofG;/sf /f]uLx¿ pkrf/sf nflu ef/t hfg'kb{}g . ;fy} /ut k/LIf0fsf nflu klg gd'gf ef/t k7fpg' kb{}g,Ú lgb{]zs yfkfn] eg] . ;f] pks/0fsf] d"No sl/a !) s/f]8 kg{]5 . tLg ldg]6b]lv b; ldg]6sf] cGt/df Ps lkG6 o'lg6sf] k/LIf0f ;f] pks/0fn] ub{5 . …xfdL ;:tf] d"Nodf la/fdLnfO{ ;]jf lbG5f}F . o;af6 u+ufnfn d'6/' f]u c:ktfn, lduf{}nf SofG;/ c:ktfn klg nfeflGjt x'g]5g\,Ú gb{]zs yfkfn] eg] . pks/0f k|of]u;DaGwL hfgsf/Lsf nflu c:ktfnn] cfkm\gf lrlsT;s, kl/rfl/sf -g;{_ tyf k|fljlwsnfO{ cled'vLs/0f ug{ cd]l/sf / ef/t k7fPsf] lyof] . …;"Id d[To'Ú -;fOn]G6 lsn/_sf] ?kdf ljsl;t eO/x]sf] SofG;/sf /f]uLx¿ g]kfndf al9/x]sf 5g\ . vf;u/L dlxnfsf] kf7]3/ / :tg tyf kmf]S;f], 7"nf] cfGb|f, 5fnf, sn]hf], cf]7, lha|f], /ut, k]6sf SofG;/ /f]uL b]lvPsf 5g\ . k|To]s jif{ kfFr xhf/sf ;+Vofdf o;sf /f]uLx¿ b]vf kg{] u/]sf ljZj :jf:Yo ;+u7gsf] k|If]k0f 5 .

a;]{lg #^ xhf/ gofF SofG;/ /f]uL lrtjg, df3 @! . SofG;/ /f]usf] ljifodf plrt r]tgf gx'Fbf lgs} Go"g dfqfdf la/fdLx¿ c:ktfn cfpg] u/]sf] lrlsT;sx¿n] atfPsf 5g\ . cfPsf la/fdLx¿ klg /f]un] Roflk;s]kl5 dfq} c:ktfn cfpg] u/]sfn] pkrf/ k|efjsf/L x'g g;s]sf] d+unaf/ lrtjgdf ePsf] Ps sfo{qmddf SofG;/ c:ktfnsf lrlsT;s clgn sfsL{n] hfgsf/L lbP . 8f= sfsL{sf cg';f/ dflg;df r]tgf lbg;s] a]n}df pkrf/ x'g] / /f]u lgsf] kfg{ ;lsg] 5 . d+unaf/ ljZj SofG;/ ;ts{tf lbj; lrtjgdf klg ljleGg sfo{qmd u/L dgfOof] . kl5Nnf] tYof+sn] g]kfndf SofG;/sf sl/a #^ xhf/ gofF la/fdL b]lvg] u/]sf 5g\ . ljZj :jf:Yo ;+u7gsf] tYof+sn] g]kfndf k|lt Ps nfv ! ;o @) hgfnfO{ SofG;/ nfUg] b]vfPsf] 5 . To;nfO{ ljZn]if0f ubf{ g]kfndf a;]{lg #^ xhf/ gofF SofG;/sf la/fdL e]l6g] cg'dfg 5 . t/ c:ktfnsf] tYof+s x]g{] xf] eg] pkrf/df lgs} Go"g dfq} cfPsf 5g\ . lrtjgsf] SofG;/ c:ktfnsf] tYof+sdf g]kfndf s'n cf7 xhf/ * ;o gofF la/fdLn] dfq} uPsf] Ps jif{df pkrf/ u/fPsf 5g\ . oxfFsf SofG;/ /f]u lgoGq0f tyf cg';Gwfg ljefusf k|d'v lszf]/s'df/ k|wfgf+un] g]kfnsf ljleGg c:ktfnsf] tYof+s ;fj{hlgs ub{} Go"g dfqfdf pkrf/sf nflu c:ktfn cfPsf] atfP . pgsf cg';f/ ;a}eGbf a9L lrtjgsf] SofG;/ c:ktfndf rf/ xhf/ % ;o gofF la/fdLn] pkrf/ u/fPsf 5g\ . o:t} jL/ c:ktfn, sflGt, lzIf0f c:ktfn, kf]v/f, w/fgsf ljleGg c:ktfnsf] tYof+s eg] lrtjgsf] hlt cyf{t\ sl/a ;f9] rf/ xhf/ dfq} 5 . cfPsf la/fdLdWo] ;a}eGbf a9L kf7]3/ SofG;/, To;kl5 :tg SofG;/ km]nf k/]sfn] a]nfa]nfdf :jf:Yo hfFr u/fpg' h?/L ePsf] lrlsT;sn] atfPsf 5g\ . g]kfn ca'{b /f]u lgjf/0f ;+:yf lrtjgn] klg hgr]tgfd"ns sfo{qmd eg] hf/L /fv]sf] ;+:yfsf cWoIf lbg]zs'df/ r's]n] atfP . -/f;;_ c:ktfnn] cd]l/sfsf] l;sfuf]sf] cflngf] ljZjljBfnosf] ;DaGwgdf SofG;/sf cTofw'lgs ;]jf ;~rfng ul//fv]sf] 5 . c:ktfnn] lgs6 eljiodf af]gDof/f] 6«fG;NkfG6 ug{ cfjZos sfo{ cufl8 a9fPsf] 5 . o;sf nflu cTofw'lgs /]l8of] y]/fkLsf] k|of]uzfnf lgdf{0fsf] sfo{ cufl8 a9fPsf] 5 . o;}aLr ljZj SofG;/ lbj;sf cj;/df SofG;/ ;dfhn] c:ktfndf egf{ ePsf la/fdLnfO{ kmnkm"n ljt/0f u/]sf]

5 . ;dfhsf cWoIf /fdgfy d}gfnL;lxt cGo kbflwsf/Ln] c:ktfndf pkrf//t !$ la/fdLnfO{ kmnkm"n ljt/0f u/]sf lyP . ;dfhn] SofG;/ /f]usf af/]df hgr]tgf hufpg ljleGg sfo{qmd ;~rfng ub{} cfPsf] 5 . xfn}dfq l;Gw'kfNrf]ssf] ltk]gL / sfe|]sf] s'Gta]F;Ldf dlxnfsf] kf7]3/sf] SofG;/;DaGwL 3'DtL lrlsT;f ;]jf ;~rfng u/]sf] lyof] . ;f] ;]jfdf sl/a % ;o dlxnf nfeflGjt ePsf ;dfhn] hgfPsf] 5 . -/f;;_

;fs{:t/Lo gjLs/0fLo pmhf{ k|bz{gL x'“b} 6fOD; ;+jfbbftf sf7df8f}+, df3 @! . oxL df3 @# b]lv @& ut];Dd sf7df8f}+df blIf0f Pl;ofnL If]qLo ;xof]u ;+u7g -;fs{_ :t/Lo pmhf{ k|bz{gL x'g] ePsf] 5 . j}slNks pmhf{ k|j4{g s]Gb|n] d'n'sdf a9\bf] pmhf{ ;+s6 36fpg cjnDag ug'{kg]{ pkfo / pks/0f ;dfj]z u/L …gjLs/0fLo pmhf{ k|bz{gLÚ ug{ nfu]sf] xf] . j}slNks pmhf{ k|j4{g s]Gb|sf cg';f/ k|bz{gLdf g]kfnnufot ef/t, kfls:tfg, a+unfb]z, e'6fg, >Ln+sf, dflNbE; / ckmuflg:tfgsf j}slNks pmhf{sf] If]qdf sfd ul//x]sf ;+3÷;+:yfsf] ;xeflutf /xg] 5 . k|bz{gLdf j}slNks pmhf{sf] If]qdf hgr]tgf a9fpg] / ;f] If]qdf cfPsf gofF–gofF k|ljlwx¿sf] hfgsf/L u/fpg] nIo /flvPsf] 5 . o:t}

k|bz{gLdf ;f}o{ pmhf{, afof]Uof;, n3' tyf ;fgf hnljB't\, jfo' pmhf{, h}ljs pmhf{ k|ljlwsf] k|bz{gL / k|ljlwaf/] hfgsf/L u/fOg] s]Gb|sf ;"rgf clws[t s[i0frGb| kf}8]nn] hfgsf/L lbP . gjLs/0fLo pmhf{ k|ljlw;DaGwL cWoog cg';Gwfg / sfd ug]{ sDkgL, a+}s tyf cGo ljQLo ;+:yf;Fu cGtlqm{of, gjLs/0fLo pmhf{;DaGwL kmf]6f]nufotsf k|ltof]lutf / k|bz{gL, qm]tf / laqm]tfaLr k|ToIf e]63f6 / vl/b laqmL ul/g] ;d]t s]Gb|n] hgfPsf] 5 . d'n'sdf pmhf{ ;+s6 a9]sf a]nf cf}Bf]lus ¿kdf ;d]t j}slNks pmhf{sf] k|of]unfO{ s] s;/L ;xh agfpg ;lsG5 eGg] af/]df 3/]n' tyf ;fgf pBf]u dxf;+3;Fu ldn]/ sfd ug{ nfluPsf] s]Gb|sf] egfO 5 . xl/t cf}Bf]lus ljsf;sf nflu

gjLs/0fLo pmhf{ eGg] dfGotfnfO{ :yflkt ug]{ ;d]t d]nfsf] p2]Zo /x]sf] 5 . k|bz{gLdf d'n'sel/sf ^) eGbf a9L lhNnfsf n3', 3/]n' tyf ;fgf dlxnf pBdLx¿sf] pNn]Vo ;xeflutf /xg] 5 eg] ;+:s[lt, wd{, k/Dk/f, hghflt / e"uf]n emNsfpg] g]kfnL pTkfbgsf] k|bz{gL pTs[i6 k|bz{gstf{nfO{ k'/:sf/ :j?k cf}Bf]lus cWoog e|d0fsf] Joj:yf, kmnkm"n tyf s[lifdf cfwfl/t vfB tyf k]o kbfy{, pRr lxdfnL tyf kxf8L e]udf kfOg] :yfgLo sRrf kbfy{df cfwfl/t j:t', ;xfos pBf]usf j:t' tyf ;]jf pBf]ux¿ lzIff, ko{6gnufotsf ;]jf k|bfos ;+3÷;+:yfsf] k|bz{gLdf ;xeflutf /xg] 5 . ;f}o{ pmhf{, afof]Uof;, n3' tyf ;fgf hnljB't\, jfo' pmhf{, h}ljs pmhf{ h:tf k|ljlwsf ;fy}

o:tf k|ljlwdf cWoog Pjd\ cg';Gwfgnufot cGo sfo{ ug]{ sDkgL tyf ;+3;+:yf, a}+s tyf ljQLo ;+:yf, gjLs/0fLo pmhf{ / pko'Qm k|ljlwsf] af/]df ;d]t hfgsf/L u/fOg] 5 . s]Gb|n] n3' hnljB't\af6 xfn;Dd sl/a @^ d]ufjf6 ljB't\ pTkfbg u/]sf] 5 eg] emG8} tLg nfv 3/fo;L afof]Uof; KnfG6, sl/a rf/ nfv ;f}o{ ljB't\ k|0ffnL / ;ft nfv %) xhf/ ;'wfl/Psf] r'nf]sf] k|j4{g ul/;s]sf] 5 . gjLs/0fLo pmhf{sf k|ljlwdfkm{t\ d'n'ssf !* nfveGbf a9L 3/w'/L nfeflGjt ePsf 5g\ . s]Gb|n] cfufdL kfFr jif{df gjLs/0fLo pmhf{af6 yk !# k|ltzt hg;+VofnfO{ ljB't\sf] kx'Fr;d]t u/L yk !% nfv 3/kl/jf/nfO{ j}slNks pmhf{ k|ljlw k'¥ofpg] nIo /flvPsf] 5 .

sf7df8f}+, df3 @! . ljBfsL clwi7fqL b]jL ;/:jtLsf] k"hf–cf/fwgf u/L d+unaf/ >Lk~rdL kj{ b]ze/ dgfOPsf] 5 . j;Gt k~rdL klg elgg] o; kj{df /fi6«klt 8f= /fdj/0f ofbjn] /fhwfgLsf] j;Gtk'/l:yt gf;n rf]sdf k'uL j;Gt >j0f u/] . pQm cj;/df /fi6«klt ofbjn] k'/f]lxtx¿af6 6Lsf / k|;fb u|x0f u/]sf lyP . j;Gt >j0fsf nflu pk/fi6«klt, dlGqkl/ifb\sf cWoIf lvn/fh /]UdL, ;+j}wflgs lgsfosf k|d'vx¿ klg j;Gtk'/ k'u]sf lyP . sfo{qmddf g]kfnL ;]gf, g]kfn k|x/L, ;z:q k|x/L k|d'vx¿sf] klg pkl:ylt /x]sf] lyof] . >Lk~rdLsf] cj;/df

>Lk~rdL kj{sf lbg d+unaf/ ;/:jtL k"hfsf] cj;/df /fhwfgLdf cfkm\gL j}gLnfO{ n]Vg l;sfpFb} Ps aflnsf . t:jL/ M /f;; sf7df8f}+ pkTosfsf :joDe", d}tLb]jL, u}/Lwf/f, nflhDkf6, nlntk'/sf] n]n]nufot d'n'ssf

ljleGg 7fpFx¿df /x]sf ;/:jtL dlGb/df k"hf cr{gf ug]{x¿sf] laxfg}b]lv eL8 nfu]sf] lyof] .

o:t} :joDe"glhs} /x]sf] d~h'>L r}Todf ;d]t ljz]if d]nf nfu]sf] lyof] . rGb|df h:tf] uf]/f] j0f{ ePsL, xftdf jL0ff / k':ts lnPsL ;/:jtLnfO{ ef/tL, zf/bf, x+;jflxgL, huGdftf, afu]Zj/, sf}df/L, j/bflxgL a'l4bfqL, a|Ådrfl/0fL, rGb|f306f / e'jg]Zj/L h:tf gfdn] k'sfl/g] ul/G5 . o;} lbgb]lv ;"o{ pQ/lt/ nflu lbg nfdf] x'g] / j;Gt Ct' k|f/De x'g] ljZjf; /lxcfPsf] 5 . o;} lbg ljjfx, j|taGw, a]nljjfx h:tf ;fdflhs tyf wfld{s sfo{ ug{ ;fOt x]g{ gkg]{ ljZjf;sf ;fy ljleGg z'e sfo{x¿ ;d]t ePsf 5g\ . o; lbgdf afnaflnsfx¿nfO{ lzIff k|f/De u/fpg] / gfs, sfg 5]8\g] rng 5 .


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kfFr n3' hnljB't\ kl/of]hgf aGb rf}tf/f, df3 @! . l;Gw'kfNrf]s lhNnfdf ;~rflnt gf} n3' hnljB't\ kl/of]hgfdWo] ut jif{b]lv kfFr kl/of]hgf aGb ePsf 5g\ . g]kfn ljB't\ k|flws/0fsf] k|;f/0f nfOg gk'u]sf b'u{d ufpFsf nflu tL kl/of]hgf a/bfg ;flat x'Fb} cfPsfdf ut jif{b]lv ljB't\sf] k|;f/0f nfOg hf]l8Pkl5 k"0f{¿kdf aGb ePsf x'g\ . jiff+}{b]lv kl/of]hgf aGb x'gfdf /fhgLlts lvrftfgL, nufgLsf] cefj / hg;+Vof j[l4 eO{ pTkflbt ljB't\ Ifdtfn] gEofpg' d'Vo sf/0f

lrtjgsf] e/tk'/df ;/:jtLsf] k"hf ub{} Ps aflnsf . ljBfsL b]jL ;/:jtL ePsfn] ljBf / j'l4 a9\g] ljZjf;df ;/:jtL k"hf ul/G5 . t:jL/ M /f;;

r/f ;+/If0fdf hf]8 ;Kt/L, df3 @! . Pl;ofs} ;a}eGbf a9L k|hfltsf] r/f /x]sf] dflgPsf] sf]zL6Kk' jGohGt' cf/Ifdf cfof]lht r/f dxf]T;jsf cj;/df r/fsf] af;:yfg hf]ufpg] ljifodf kl/rrf{ ul/Psf] 5 . …l;d;f/ / s[lif clGtd ;fem]bf/Ú eGg] d"n gf/fsf ;fy sf]zL6Kk' jGohGt' cf/If dWojtL{ If]q Joj:yfkg ;ldltn] ljZj l;d;f/ lbj; tyf !$ cf}+ sf]zL6Kk' r/f dxf]T;j–@)&) sf] cj;/df ;Kt/Lsf] lkk|fk"j{ uflj;l:yt ky/Ldf cfof]hgf u/]sf] sfo{qmddf r/fx¿sf] ;+/If0f x'g'kg{]df hf]8 lbOPsf] 5 . Pl;ofs} ;a}eGbf a9L $ ;o (% k|hfltsf r/f /x]sf] cf/Ifdf plrt af;:yfg / rf]/L t:s/Lsf sf/0f r/fx¿ ;+s6df k/]sf] eGb} sfo{qmddf jQmfx¿n] r/fx¿sf] ;+/If0f;Fu} cf/Ifsf] xfQL / cgf{n] dRrfpFb} cfPsf] cft+s /f]Sg'kg{]df hf]8 lbPsf 5g\ . sfo{qmddf aLkL sf]O/fnf :jf:Yo lj1fg

k|lti7fg w/fgsf pks'nklt 8f= aneb| bf;n] r/fx¿ /fi6«sf] ;Dkbf / ko{6sLo b[li6sf]0fn] dxŒjk"0f{ ePsfn] o;sf] ;+/If0f x'g'kg{] atfP . pgn] cf/Ifaf6 cfpg] xfQL / cgf{x¿n] dfgj a:tLdf k|j]z u/]/ hLjgnfO{ cft+lst kfb{} cfPsfn] o;nfO{ ;xL 9+uaf6 Joj:yfkg ug{'kg{] atfP . ;f] sfo{qmddf ;Kt/L If]q g+ # sf ;ef;b pd]zs'df/ ofbjn] cf/Ifsf xfQL / cgf{n] cfly{s, ef}lts;Fu} dfgjLo Iflt k'¥ofpFb} cfP klg /fHon] To;nfO{ /f]Sg g;Sg' lj8Dagfk"0f{ /x]sf] atfP . pgn] cf/Ifj/k/sf hgtfnfO{ ;'/Iff / cfocfh{g;Dd ghf]8];Dd ;d:of ;dfwfg gx'g] atfP . sfo{qmddf k"j{ jftfj/0fdGqL x]d/fh tft]8n] cf/Ifsf] ;a}eGbf 7"nf] ;d:of cf/Ifleq /x]sf ljb]zL ufO{e}+;Lsf] rl/r/0f /x]sfn] tTsfn cf/Ifaf6 ljb]zL ufO{e}+;LnfO{ eufpg'kg{] atfP .

. g]kfnL / ef/tLo ufO{e}+;Lsf] lgjf{w k|j]zn] cf/Ifleqsf hLjhGt'sf] cfxf/ g} ;dfKt eO/x]sf] pgsf] egfO lyof] . g]skf -Pdfn]_ sf g]tf ;'dg/fh Kofs'/ ]nn] cf/Ifjl/kl/sf If]qsf hgtfx¿ xfQL / cgf{sf sf/0f cft+lst ag]sf] atfpFb} xfQL / cgf{sf] cft+s /f]Sg'kg{] dfu;lxt Pdfn]n] cfGbf]ng ug{ nfu]sf] atfP . sf]zL6Kk' jGohGt' cf/If dWojtL{ If]q Joj:yfkg ;ldltsf k"jc{ WoIf /]0f' ;fxn] xfQL / cgf{ cft+snfO{ lgoGq0f ug{ cfkm"n] k6sk6s cfjfh p7fP klg ;DalGwt lgsfon] rf;f] gb]vfPsf] atfP . sf]zL6Kk' jGohGt' cf/If dWojtL{ If]q Joj:yfkg ;ldltsf cWoIf jL/]Gb| ofbjsf] cWoIftfdf cfof]lht ;f] sfo{qmddf cf/Ifsf ;+/If0f clws[t u+uf/fd l;+xn] cf/Ifdf $ ;o (% k|hfltsf r/fr'?+uL /x]sf] hgfpFb} h;dWo] ## k|hfltsf r/fx¿ Pl;ofs} b'n{e /x]sf] atfP . -/f;;_

clVtof/åf/f ;~rfns;Fu aofg ;'? jL/uGh, df3 @! . clVtof/ b'¿kof]u cg';Gwfg cfof]un] k;f{ lhNnfdf clVtof/ b'¿kof]u u/L e|i6frf/sf cleo'Qm ljBfnosf ;~rfns;Fu aofg lng] sfo{ ;'? u/]sf] 5 . cfof]usf] 6f]nLn] klxnf] r/0fdf lhNnfsf #) ljBfnosf Joj:yfkg ;ldltsf cWoIf, k|wfgfWofks / lzIfs;Fu ;d]t aofg lng] sfo{ ;'? u/]sf] hgfOPsf] 5 .

clVtof/ b'¿kof]u u/L e|i6frf/ / clgoldttf u/]sf] z+sf:kb b]lvPsf lhNnfsf ^$ ljBfnodWo] klxnf] r/0fdf #) ljBfnoaf/] cg';Gwfg ;'? ul/Psf] cfof]uaf6 cg';Gwfgsf nflu jL/uGh cfPsf 6f]nLsf k|d'v sf]if/fh lg/f}nfn] atfP . ljBfnosf] 6f]nLn] sfuhkqsf] ljj/0fsf ;fy} xfn;Dd lhNnf lzIff sfof{no,

lhlj;, uflj;nufot cGo ;+3;+:yfaf6 lgsf;f lnPsf] /sd, lzIfs / ljBfyL{ ;+Vof, lzIfs lgo'lQm, z}lIfs k|df0fkqsf] j}wflgstf / /fHon] pknAw u/fPsf] ;]jf;'ljwfnufot ljifodf cWoog tyf ljZn]if0f u/L aofgsf] k|lqmofnfO{ cufl8 a9fPsf] 5 . z+sf:kb tL ljBfnonfO{ xfn;Dddf s] slt /sd lgsf;f ul/Psf] xf] egL lhNnf lzIff

sfof{no, lhlj; / ;DalGwt uflj; ;lrjnfO{ kqfrf/ u/L ljj/0f;d]t dfu ul/Psf] 5 . …klxnf] r/0fdf k;f{sf #) ljBfnosf] cg';Gwfg ;'? ul/Psf] 5Ú, 6f]nL k|d'v lg/f}nfn] eg] To;kl5 af“sL ljBfnosf] klg cg';Gwfg ;'? ul/g] 5 .Ú klxnf] r/0fsf] cg';Gwfgdf sl/a Ps ;ftf nfUg ;Sg] cg'dfg ul/Psf] 5 . -/f;;_

dd{t eof] jL/u~h 306f3/ k;f{, df3 @! . dd{t ;Def/sf] cefjdf bzsf}+b]lv aGb /x]sf] jL/u~hsf] 306f3/ k'gM ;~rfngdf cfpg] ePsf] 5 . 306f3/sf] dd{t ;Def/ tyf /]vb]vsf] lhDd]jf/L kfPsf] g]kfn 6]lnsdn] aGb /x]sf] 306f3/sf] 38L dd{t ;Def/sf] ;Dk"0f{ sfo{ k"/f u/]sfn] casf] b'O{ lbgdf 38L rNg] kSsf ePsf] xf] . jL/u~hsf] kl/rosf ¿kdf /x]sf] …jL/]Gb| k|eft 38LÚ / 306f3/ dd{t / /]vb]vsf nflu eGb} Ps bzssf nflu jL/u~h pkdxfgu/kflnsfn] g]kfn 6]lnsdnfO{ s/f/df lbPsf] lyof] . ;f]xL s/f/cg';f/ 306f3/sf] 38L ;~rfngdf Nofpg yfn]sf] g]kfn 6]lnsd If]qLo lgb]{zgfnon] hgfPsf] 5 . … j L / u ~ h pkdxfgu/kflnsfsf] :jfldTjdf /x]sf] …jL/]Gb| k|eft 38LÚ agfpg] / 38Lhl8t 3/ -306f3/_ /]vb]v ug]{ lhDdf g]kfn 6]lnsdn] kfPcg';f/ jL/u~hsf] 306f3/df ;do;"rs oGq -38L_ h8fg x'Fb}5 . ;DejtM ca s]xL lbgleqd} of] 38L rN5Ú, g]kfn 6]lnsd If]qLo lgb]{zgfno jL/u~hsf If]qLo lgb]{zs /jLGb| emfn] atfP . g]kfn 6]lnsdn] cfXjfg u/]sf] af]nkqdf kg{ ;kmn slG;:6]G6 g]kfn k|flnsf

aGb lyof] . gu/kflnsfn] rfx]/ klg cfly{s sf/0fn] ;~rfngdf Nofpg g;s]kl5 ut c;f/ @* ut] g]kfn 6]lnsdnfO{ lalu|Psf] 38L agfpg] / 306f3/sf] dd{t ;Def/ ug]{ egL !) jif{sf nflu s/f/df lbPsf] lyof] . s/f/df g]kfn 6]lnsdn] 306f3/sf] 38L dd{t ug]{,

6]lnsdn] 38L ;~rfng u/]sf] !) jif{;Dd 306f3/ kl/;/df sDkgLsf] >Jo lj1fkg tyf cGo lj1fkg /fVg], 306f3/ ;~rfngsf nflu cfjZos 6]lnsdn] pknAw ljB't\ u/fpg]nufotsf !^ a'Fbf /x]sf] pkdxfgu/kflnsfn] hgfPsf] 5 . -/f;;_

*$, s'Grf]s uflj;sf ! ;o #%, rf]s6L uflj;sf ! ;o %! / hnjL/] uflj;sf] rf/ 3/;lxt ( ;o &^ 3/kl/jf/n] ljB't\ ;'ljwf pkef]u ul//x]sf lyP . o;sf ;fy} tL uflj;df ljleGg s'l6/ pBf]u;d]t ;~rfng xF'b} cfPsf lyP . ;+o'Qm /fi6«;+3Lo ljsf; sfo{qmd o'Pgl8kL, g]kfn ;/sf/, ljZj a}+s, lhlj;, uflj;, :yfgLo hg;xeflutfsf ;fy} ;d"xaf6 ;+slnt gub;lxt sl/a Ps s/f]8 %) nfvdf tL kl/of]hgf aGb ePkl5 nufgL / hg>d v]/

a'4sf] dfjnL kQf nfu]g  e/t s];L a'6jn, df3 @! . zfSod'lg l;4fy{ uf}tdsf] dfjnL If]q cg'dfg ul/Psf] ¿kGb]xLsf] s]/jfgL uflj; & l:yt ejfgLk'/ / b]jbx uflj;sf] sGofdfO{sf] nuftf/ tLg k6s;Ddsf] pTvggaf6 a'4sfnLg s'g} k|df0f km]nf kg{ ;lsPsf] 5}g . P]]ltxfl;s tyf k'/ftflTjs ;Dkbf /x]sf] cg'dfg ul/Psf] ejfgLk'/df k'/ftTj ljefun] a'4sfnLg cjz]if /x]sf] cg'dfgsf cfwf/df ul/Psf] pTvggdf u'KtsfnLg / s'zf0fsfnLg k'/ftflTjs ;fdu|L dfq k|fKt ePsf 5g\ . ljefun] kl5Nnf] k6s oxL df3 # ut]b]lv !* ut];Dd u/]sf] pTvggaf6 9'+ufsf d's{§f d"lt{, tfdfsf d'b|f, /ftf] /+usf df6f]sf efF8fs'F8f, v]nf}gf / a;fxf k|fKt ePsf] pTvggdf ;+nUg /fli6«o clen]vfnosf k|d'v k|sfz bgf{nn] hfgsf/L lbP . tL ;fdu|Lsf] k|s[ltcg';f/ a'4sfnLg s'g} k|df0f km]nf gk/]sf] pgn] atfP . pgsf cg';f/ ejfgLk'/df sGofdfO{eGbf km/s u'KtsfnLg / s'zf0fsfnLg;Fu} dWosfnLg cjz]if km]nf k/]sf] 5 . o;k6ssf] pTvggaf6 ejfgLk'/df km]nf k/]sf] kvf{nsf] ;+/rgf #!=% ldsf] /x]sf] / of] klZrdf]Q/ df]x8fsf] km]nf k/]sfn] o;nfO{ x]bf{ s'g} 7"nf] 3/ jf dlGb/, To;;Fu} dlGb/df hn r9fpg nluPsf] wf/f;Fu} glhs}sf] ljBfno If]qdf ;;fgf 3/ jf a:tL h:tf] ;+/rgf km]nf k/]sf] k'/ftTjljb\ bgf{n atfpF5g\ . ljefun] o;cl3 @)^* / @)( ;fndf pTvgg u/]sf] lyof] . :yfgLo afl;Gbfn] ;f] 7fpFnfO{

l;4fy{sL cfdf dfofb]jL / kTgL ozf]w/fsf] hGd:yn sf]nLo /fHosf] /fhwfgL b]jbx ePsf] ljZjf; ub}{ cfPsf 5g\ . oxL s'/fsf] jf:tljstf kQf nufpg] p2]Zon] ljefun] pTvgg u/]sf] xf] . o;}aLr :yfgLojf;Ln] czf]s:tDe egL dfg]sf] ;fdu|L lzjln+u k|dfl0ft ePsf] 5 . a'4sfnLg k|dfl0ft x'gfsf nflu lrNnf] sfnf] /+usf df6fsf efF8f / cjz]if e]l6g'k5{ . oxfF To:tf ;fdu|L e]l6Psf 5}gg\ . kvf{n / Ogf/sf] ;+/rgfaf/] k"0f{ hfgsf/L kfpg cem} pTvgg ug{'kg{] wf/0ff bgf{nsf] 5 . oxfF 7"nf] eUgfjz]if ePsf] atfpFb} bgf{nn] of] /fi6«sf nflu dxŒjk"0f{ pknlAw ePsf] atfP . of] 7fpFnfO{ pk]Iff ug{ gx'g] pgsf] egfO 5 . sf]nLo /fHosf] /fhwfgL kQf nufpg] p2]Zon] ljefun] b]jbx uflj;sf] sGofdfO{ / s]/jfgL uflj;sf ejfgLk'/ Pj+ gjnk/f;Lsf] aGhl/of uflj;sf] kl08tk'/df pTvgg hf/L /fv]sf] 5 . pgsf cg';f/ kl08tk'/df a'4sfnLg ;+/rgf;Fu ldNg] n'lDagL / ltnf}/fsf]6df km]nf k/]sf cjkl08tk'/df rf}yf] pTvgg oxL df3 @@ ut]b]lv ;'? ug{] tof/L ePsf] 5 . o;cl3sf pTvggaf6 kl08tk'/df a'4sfnLg cjz]if k|z:t k|fKt ePsf lyP . sGofdfO{ / ejfgLk'/sf] pTvggdf n'lDagL / ltnf}/fsf]6df h:tf] OF6f;d]t b]lvFb}g, o;}n] clxn];Ddsf] pTvggaf6 oL If]q a'4sfnLg 7fpF gePsf] k|dfl0ft eO;s]sf] 5 – bgf{nsf] egfO 5 . -/f;;_

wfdLemfFqmLnfO{ :jf:Yo ;]jf tflnd uf]/vf, df3 @! . lhNnfsf] >Lgfysf]6 uflj;df lhNnfel/s} t'ngfdf cTolws dft[lzz' d[To'b/ /xg'sf] d'Vo sf/0f wfdLemfFqmL /x]sf] a'lemPsf] 5 . 8fS6/df ljZjf; gug]{ t/ wfdLemfFqmLdf ljZjf; ug]{ oxfFsf cfdfx¿sf] ;d:of xn ug{ xfn wfdL´fFqmLnfO{ tflnd lbg nfluPsf] 5 . pgLx¿dfkm{t ufpFdf cfw'lgs :jf:Yo ;]jf k|jfx ug{ ;lhnf] xf];\ eg]/ uflj;sf @@ hgf wfdL´fFqmL / j}BnfO{ tflnd lbg nfluPsf] xf] . k|;"lt ;]jfsf nflu c:ktfndf hfg'k5{ eGg] l;sfpg wfdLemfFqmLnfO{ hfgsf/L u/fpg nfluPsf] ;'cfxf/f sfo{qmd >Lgfysf]6sL lkmN8 ;'k/efOh/ ljdnf 9sfnn] hfgsf/L lbP .

sf7 a/fdb

k|aGw lgb]{zs x[bo/fh uf}tdn] 306f3/df w'g;lxtsf] gofF 38L h8fg ug{ ljb]zaf6 kf6k"hf{ dufOPsf] atfP . hfkfgsf ljBfyL{x¿n] cfkm\gf] vfhf vr{ artaf6 g]kfnnfO{ pkxf/sf ¿kdf lbPsf] jL/u~hl:yt 306f3/sf] 38L Ps bzseGbf nfdf] ;dob]lv

/x]sf] atfOPsf] 5 . lhlj; lhNnf pmhf{ tyf jftfj/0f PsfOsf] kxndf @)%% ;fnb]lv kl/of]hgfaf6 b'u{d ufpFsf afl;Gbfn] ljB't\ ;'ljwf k|fKt ub{} cfPsf lyP . aGb ePsf kl/of]hgfdf @& lsjf -lsnf]jf6_ sf] xfF8Lvf]nf k|yd, @^ / @) lsjfsf] xfF8Lvf]nf bf];|f] / t];|f], @) lsjfsf] Eof8Lvf]nf, gf} lsjfsf] 3§]vf]nf / )=@ lsjfsf] lksf] xfO8«f] kl/of]hgf 5g\ . tL kl/of]hgfaf6 3f+kfnwfk uflj;sf @ ;o, yf+kfnsf]6 uflj;sf $ ;o

g'jfsf]6, df3 @! . s6fg tyf cf];f/k;f/df k|ltalGwt ;fnsf] sf7 k|x/L / Onfsf jg sfof{nosf] ;+o'Qm 6f]nLn] ;fFem a/fdb u/]sf] 5 . dbfgk'/ uflj; @ sf] bfª k|x/L rf}sL tfbLk'n / Onfsf jg sfof{no ssgLsf] ;+o'Qm 6f]nLn] b'O{ ldgL6«sdf /fhwfgL n}hfg nfluPsf] &! uf]6f k|ltalGwt ;fnsf] ! ;o $@ So'lkm6 sf7 a/fdb u/]sf] Onfsf jg sfof{no ssgLsf jg /Ifs j}s'07 clwsf/Ln] atfP . ;'/fsLsf cfwf/df sf7 a/fdb eP klg sd{rf/L kqmfp ug{ cfPsf] yfxf kfPkl5 sf7 a]jfl/;] 5f8]/ rfns 6«s lnO{ km/f/ ePsf] jg /Ifs clwsf/Ln] atfP . -/f;;_

;'cfxf/f sfo{qmdn] ;'gf}nf xhf/ lbgsf cfdfx¿ tyf afnaflnsf ;a}nfO{ kf]if0fsf af/]df 1fg lbgsf nflu wfdLsf] ;xof]u lng nfu]sf] 9sfnsf] egfO 5 . ;'gf}nf xhf/ lbgdf cfdfsf] ue{df /xg] @ ;o &) lbg / afFsL b'O{ jif{ cyf{t\ & ;o #) lbgnfO{ aRrfsf nflu dxŒjk"0f{ ;dosf] ¿kdf lng] ul/G5 . ;'cfxf/fn] uf]/vfdf ue{jtL tyf ;'Ts]/Lsf ;fy} lzz'sf] ;xof]usf nflu le6fldgo'Qm vfgf pTkfbgdf ;xof]u ul//x]sf] 5 . o;sf ;fy} afnle6f pknAw u/fO{ afnle6f v'jfpg] tl/sf tyf xhf/ lbgsf cfdfsf 3/3/d} kf]if0f vfgf pTkfbgdf ;xof]u sfo{qmd ;~rfng ul//x]sf] 5 . -/f;;_

uPsf] 5 . nufgL v]/ uP klg ToxfF k|of]u xF'b} cfPsf ljB't\ vDaf / tf/ eg] k'gM k|of]udf NofOPsf] lhNnf pmhf{ tyf jftfj/0f PsfO sfof{nosf ;xfos /fh]Gb| b'nfnn] atfP . lhNnfsf] b'u{d uflj;df rf/ kl/of]hgf eg] cem+} ;~rfngdf 5g\ . u'G;f uflj;df xfF8Lvf]nfaf6 pTkflbt @& lsjf / ef]tfª uflj;d pTkflbt $) lsjf ljB't\af6 b'O{ uflj;sf ;Dk"0f{ j8fdf aQL aflnPsf] ;f] sfof{non] hgfPsf] 5 . -/f;;_

nfu'cf}ifw;lxt Ps hgf kqmfp jL/uGh, df3 @! . k|ltalGwt nfu'cf}ifw;lxt k|x/Ln] d+unaf/ laxfg oxfF Ps hgfnfO{ kqmfp u/]sf] 5 . kqmfp kg]{df sf7df8f}+ dxfgu/kflnsf–#$ a:g] @# jifL{o ljho sfsL{ /x]sf lhNnf k|x/L sfof{no k;f{n] hgfPsf] 5 . k|fKt ;"rgfsf cfwf/df k|x/Ln] vfgtnf;L ubf{ z/L/df n'sfO/x]sf] cj:yfdf k|ltalGwt nfu'cf}ifw glkm{g–^) yfg, 8fOhf]kfd–^) yfg / km]gf/ug ^) yfg u/L s'n ! ;o *) yfg OGh]S;g;lxt pgnfO{ jL/uGhl:yt a;kfs{af6 kqmfp ul/Psf] xf] . ;LdfjtL{ ef/tLo ;x/ /S;f}ndf nfu'cf}ifw vl/b u/]/ g]kfn leœofpg nfu]sf] cj:yfdf pgnfO{ kqmfp ul/Psf] xf] . sfsL{nfO{ nfu'cf}ifw;lxt sfg'gL sf/afxLsf nflu lhNnf k|x/L sfof{nodf /flvPsf] k|x/Ln] hgfPsf] 5 . o;}aLr, anfTsf/sf] cleof]udf kqmfp k/]sf jL/uGhsf hUuf sf/f]af/L Hof]ltnfn snjf/nfO{ k'k{Ifsf nflu h]n rnfg ul/Psf] 5 .-/f;;_


d'n's

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d'n's agfpg] 7]Ssf sd{rf/Lsf] dfq} xf]Og

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emfkfsf] ljtf{df]8df d+unaf/ ;/:jtL k"hfsf] cj;/ kf/]/ ;/ud ;+uLtfno emfkfn] cfof]hgf u/]sf] ljtf{df]8 ahf/ ;/;kmfO sfo{qmddf af6f] a9fb}{ k|x/Lx¿ . t:jL/ M /f;;

v/ sf6\g hfFbf af3sf] cfqmd0faf6 d[To' lrtjg, df3 @! . lrtjgsf] hutk'/df af3sf] cfqmd0faf6 Pshgfsf] d[To' ePsf] 5 . ufpFsf ;fyLx¿;Fu} /fKtL gbL lsgf/df v/ sf6\g uPsf u'~hfgu/–& lhtk'/sf cGbfhL $# jifL{o Psaxfb'/ tfdfªnfO{ af3n] cfqmd0f u/]sf] xf] . af3sf] cfqmd0faf6 ;f]daf/ ;fFem pgsf] d[To' ePsf] k|x/Ln] hgfPsf] 5 . pgsf] zj k/LIf0fsf nflu clxn] e/tk'/ c:ktfndf /flvPsf] 5 . ;d"xeGbf cln k/ uP/

v/ sf6\b} u/]sf] cj:yfdf pgnfO{ PSsfl; af3n] cfqmd0f u/]sf] k|ToIfbzL{sf] egfOnfO{ p4[t ub{}{ lhNnf k|x/L sfof{no lrtjgn] hgfPsf] 5 . lrtjgsf] dWojtL{ If]qdf kl5Nnf] ;dodf jGohGt'sf] cfqmd0f a9]sf] :yfgLon] atfPsf 5g\ . u}+8f, af3 / xfQLsf] cfqmd0fdf a9L dflg;sf] Hofg hfg] u/]sf] 5 . cl3Nnf] dlxgf lrtjgsf] uLtfgu/df af3sf] cfqmd0faf6 Pshgfsf] d[To' ePsf] lyof] . df3

klxnf] ;ftf hutk'/d} u}8+ fsf] cfqmd0faf6 ;fg' ljs uDeL/ 3fOt] ePsL lyOg\ . o;cl3 lrtjg d+unk'/df k'; clGtd ;ftf u}+8fsf] cfqmd0faf6 d+unk'/–* lgjf;L $% jifL{o a'l4dfg yfkfsf] d[To' ePsf] lyof] . oxfFsf ljleGg ;fd'bflos jgdf u}+8f / af3sf] af;:yfg a9\b} uPsfn] kl5Nnf] ;dodf ;fd'bflos jg cf;kf;df ;d]t dflg;dfly jGohGt'sf] cfqmd0f a9\b} uPsf] 5 . -/f;;_

;fd"lxs j|taGw

g'jfsf]6, df3 @! . ;+:sf/ / k/Dk/f wfGgsf nflu dxFuLn] ;j{;fwf/0fnfO{ c;xh agfpFb} nu]sf] ;dodf ljBfnon]] ;~rfng u/]sf] ;fd"lxs j|taGwaf6 ;of}+F nfeflGjt ePsf 5g\ . ljb'/ gkf–& b]jL3f6l:yt ;lxb hutk|sfzh+u zfx ;+:s[t dfljn] d+unaf/ cfly{s ¿kn] ;xh 9+uaf6 r"8fsd{ u/fpg eGb} ;~rfng u/]sf] ;fd"lxs j|taGwaf6 ! ;o #^ hgf nfeflGjt ePsf 5g\ . cfly{s ¿kdf ;d]t sdhf]/ /x]sf] ;+:s[t ljBfnon] cfly{s ;|f]t h'6fpg / ;j{;fwf/0fnfO{ ;:tf]df r"8fsd{ u/fpg] p2]Zon] ;fd"lxs j|taGw u/fPsf] ljBfno Joj:yfkg ;ldltsf cWoIf dfgaxfb'/ 8+uf]nn] atfP . gLns07 s}nfzwfddf ePsf] j|taGwdf a|fÅd0f, If]qL, g]jf/ / s'dfn ;d'bfosf a6'snfO{ Hof]ltifL / kl08tn] dGqbfg lbPsf lyP . nfvf}+ ?k}ofF vr{ x'g] j|taGw cyf{t\ r"8fsd{df ;fgf] /sdn] sfd aGg] ePkl5 ;fd"lxs

j|taGwdf wgLul/a ;a}sf] cfsif{0f a9]sf] l9s'/]af6 cfkm\gf ef~hfsf] j|taGw u/fpg cfPsf dfwj nfld5fg]n] atfP . o;jif{ k|lta6's b'O{ xhf/ kfFr ;o ?k}ofF lnP/ j|taGw u/fOPsf] 5 . tf]lsPsf] z'Ns ljBfnonfO{ lt/]kl5 ljBfnosf tkm{af6 a6'ssf nflu Ps hf]/ wf]tL, a6's / cleefjsnfO{ vfglkgsf] Joj:yf;d]t u/fOPsf] lyof] . ;fd"lxs j|taGwdf ;xefuL x'g g'jfsf]6sf] cnfaf /;'jf / wflbª lhNnfaf6 ;d]t a6's cfPsf lyP . lj;+ @)%% df ;+:s[t ljBfno :yfkgf ePkl5 x/]s jif{ ljBfnon] ;fd"lxs j|taGw u/fpFb} cfPsf] 5 . lhNnfsf] Ps dfq ;+:s[t ljBfno ;~rfng ug{ cfly{s ;d:of ePkl5 ;|f]t h'6fpg yflnPsf] ;fd"lxs j|taGwaf6 clxn];Dd Ps xhf/ ;ft ;oeGbf a9Ln] nfe lnO;s]sf] ljBfno Joj:yfkg ;ldltsf ;b:o /fds[i0f e§n] atfP . -/f;;_

jfGtjf wgs'6f, df3 @! . g]kfn ;/sf/sf d'Vo ;lrj nLnfdl0f kf}8]nn] d'n'ssf] sfofkn6 ug]{ 7]Ssf sd{rf/L dfqn] glnPsf] atfPsf 5g\ . $) jif{;Dd ;a}n] u/]sf] sd{af6 ;[hgf ePsf] d'n'ssf] sfofkn6 ug]{ 7]Ssf sd{rf/Lsf] dfq gePsf] eP klg /fHosf]ifaf6 tna vfPkl5 sd{rf/Lx¿n] cfkm\gf] lhDd]jf/L / bfloTj eg] Odfgbf/L / lgi7fk"j{s ug'{kg]{ pgn] atfP . dxfn]vfk/LIfssf] sfof{noåf/f wgs'6fdf d+unaf/ cfof]lht ;'zf;g, n]vfkfng / n]vfk/LIf0f;DaGwL k"jf{~rn :t/Lo cGtlqm{of sfo{qmddf d'Vo ;lrj kf}8]nn] ;'zf;g sfod ug'{ ;xh geP klg sd{rf/Ln] g}ltstf, Odfgbfl/tfsf ;fy cfr/0f / Jojxf/ ;RrfO{ sfo{bIftf;d]tnfO{ k|of]u u/L cfkm\gf] e"ldsf lgjf{x

ug'{kg]{ atfP . sd{rf/LnfO{ hgtfn] x]g]{ b[li6sf]0f ;sf/fTds x'g g;s]sf] k|lt lrGtf JoQm ub}{ pxfFn] dflyNnf] xflsd 7Ls eP dfq ;a 7Ls x'G5 eGg] efjgfnfO{ Tofu u/L cfkm" 7Ls eP dfq c¿ 7Ls x'g] eGg] efjgfsf] ljsf; x'g' h?/L /x]sf] ;d]t atfP . pgn] d'n's agfpg] / ;'zf;g sfod ug]{ hfb'sf] 58L s'g} Pshgfl;t g/x]sf] eGb} dflyaf6 eujfg\ cfpFb}gg\, hldgaf6 ;Ltf pTkGg x'Fb}gg\, xfdL ;a}n] cfkm\gf] lhDd]jf/L lgi7fk"j{s sfd u/] dfq d'n's aG5 . pgn] cfnf]rgf / sdhf]/Ln] d'n's aGg] eP g]kfn ;a}eGbf ;DkGg /fi6« x'g;Sg] atfP . pgn] ;'wf/ / ;'zf;gsf nflu ;t{ xf]Og Tofu / lgi7fk"j{s nfUg sd{rf/Lx¿nfO{ lgb]{zg lbP . dGqfnout / kbcg';f/

;?jf k|0ffnL lgdf{0f eO/x]sf] hfgsf/L lbFb} d'Vo ;lrj kf}8]nn] lrQa'em\bf] 7fpFdf ;?jf gePsf] eGb} lhNnf 5f]8]/ hfg], sfof{nodf xflh/ u/]/ cGoq hfg] / sfh hgfO{ 3/df a:g]dfly ;/sf/ s8f ¿kdf k|:t't x'g] r]tfjgL lbP . pgn] lzIff / :jf:YonfO{ ljz]if hf]8 lbFb} v/fa lzIff lbP d'n's ;f7L jif{ k5fl8 kg{] / unt :jf:Yo pkrf/n] dflg;sf] Hofg} hfg] / k'gM k|fKt ug{ g;lsg] x'Fbf lzIff / :jf:Yo If]qdf sfo{/t ;a}n] :f+j]bgzLn x'g'kg]{ atfP . d'Vo ;lrj kf}8]nn] If]qLo lzIff lgb{]zsnfO{ ut ;fnsf] P;Pn;Ldf lgn x'g] k|To]s dflj :s'nx¿sf k|wfgfWofksx¿ ljifo lzIfsx¿nfO{ k"/f gDa/ lbP/ a9'jf ePsf 5g\ eg] lhNnf lzIff clwsf/LnfO{ sf/afxL ug{ cfkm" kl5 gkg{] atfP .

;xefuLx¿sf] k|Zgsf] hjfkm lbFb} d'Vo ;lrj kf}8fon] cfkm" / cfkm\gf] 6f]nL sf7df8f}+af6 s]Gb|sf s'/f ;'gfpg / lhNnfsf s'/f ;'Gg cfPsf] atfP klg pgn] k"jf{~rn If]qsf sfof{no k|d'vx¿ sf], lsg, s'g, s'g axfgf agfP/ sfo{qmddf cfPsf 5}gg ;a}sf] /]s8{ / clen]v /fVg eGb} pgLx¿af6 ;dfh kl/jt{gsf] s'g} ck]Iff ug{ g;lsg] atfpFb} pgLx¿ sf/af/xLsf] efuLbf/ x'g] klg atfP . sfo{qmddf dxfn]vf k/LIfs efg'k|;fb cfrfo{n] klg sfo{qmddf ;xefuLx¿af6 p7]sf lh1f;fsf] pQ/ lbPsf lyP . k"jf{~rnsf ljleGg lhNnfsf sfof{no k|d'vx¿ / n]vf clws[t tyf n]vf zfvfsf ;xeflutf sd{rf/Lx¿sf] /x]sf] lyof] .


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bndf nf]stflGqs cEof; tLg 7"nf bndWo] g]kfnL sf+u|]; / Pdfn]n] lgjf{rgaf6 / Pdfcf]jfbLn] ;xdltaf6 ;+;bLo bnsf g]tf rog u/]sf 5g\ . sf+u|];df ;efklt ;'zLn sf]O/fnf / jl/i7 g]tf z]/axfb'/ b]pjfaLr ;xdltsf] k|of; eP klg cGttM lgjf{rg g} eof] . Pdfn]df klg cWoIf vgfn / g]tf s]kL zdf{ cf]nLaLr ;xdltsf] k|of; c;kmn ePkl5 lgjf{rg ePsf] xf] . Pp6f /fhgLlts bndf p:t} Ifdtfsf PseGbf a9L g]tfx¿ x'G5g\ . tL g]tfx¿ cfkm\gf] of]Uotf k|dfl0ft u/]/ bnsf] lhDd]jf/L lng rfxG5g\ . o; cj:yfdf ;j{;Ddt ¿kdf g]tf rog x'g', kbx¿ afF8kmfF8 x'g' :jfutof]Uo s'/f xf] t/ ;j{;Ddlt x'g g;s]sf] cj:yfdf lgjf{rg g} g]tf rogsf] ;a}eGbf pko'Qm k|0ffnL xf] . nf]stGqdf ljZjf; ug]{ /fhgLlts bnsf] g]tfn] cfkm\gf sfo{stf{sf] ljZjf; lht]/} kb xfl;n ug'{k5{ . sf+u];| / Pdfn]sf g]tfn] nf]stflGqs k4ltcg'?k :j:y k|lt:kwf{ u/]sf 5g\ . lgjf{rg x'Fbf g]tf, sfo{stf{x¿ kIf–ljkIfdf / u'6 pku'6df afFl8G5g\ / kf6L{ sdhf]/ x'G5 eGg' unt wf/0ff xf] . lgjf{rg eg]s} kIf–ljkIfdf afFl8g' xf] / cfkm\gf] g]tf÷k|ltlglw rog ug'{ xf] . of] :jfefljs k|lqmof xf] . kIf– ljkIfsf] ljlw;Ddt k|lt:kwf{ g} lgjf{rg xf] . o:tf] k|lt:kwf{df g]tfx¿ cfkm\gf sfo{stf{nfO{ k|nf]eg lbP/ ;j{;Ddt x'g] eGbf ax'dtsf] ljZjf; lht]/ kbLo lhDd]jf/L xfl;n ug]{ cEof;df nfU5g\ . lgjf{rgdf efu lng' eg]sf] cfkm\gf] of]Uotf / cfkm"dfly kf6L{sf sfo{stf{x¿sf] ljZjf;sf] k/LIf0f ug'{ xf] . k/LIffdf v/f] plqP/ cfPsf] g]tfn] dfq} ;an g]t[Tj ug{ ;S5 . lgjf{rgsf] nf]stflGqs cEof;n] kf6L{nfO{ ;'b[9 u/fpF5 . nf]stflGqs k|0ffnLdf c6n ljZjf; ePsf b'O{ 7"nf bn sf+u];| / Pdfn]df x'g] nf]stGqsf] cfGtl/s cEof;n] d'n'ss} nf]stGq ;'b[9Ls/0fdf d2t k'¥ofpF5 . cGo bnsf nflu klg of] cg's/0fLo x'G5 . /fhgLlts bnx¿n] kf6L{sf x/]s txdf lgjf{rgsf] cEof; ug'{k5{, lgjf{rg k|0ffnL ;'b[9 ug'{k5{ . o;f] eof] eg] ;a} txsf g]tfx¿ sfo{stf{d'vL x'g s/ nfU5 . s]Gb|Lo g]tfnfO{ v';L kf/]/ kb k|fKt ug]{ k|j[lQ lg:t]h x'G5 . bnx¿df lgjf{rgaf6 cfPsf] g]t[TjnfO{ ;kmn agfpg] / qmlds ¿kdf g]t[Tj x:tfGt/0f ub}{ hfg] k|0ffnL ljsf; x'g cfjZos 5 . o;f] eof] eg] dfq} ;Ifd pQ/flwsf/L lgdf{0f x'Fb}, g]t[Tj ;b}{ hfG5 / kf6L{sf] g]t[Tj ;'b[9 x'Fb} hfG5 . kf6L{leqsf] nf]stflGqs cEof;af6 vfl/P/ cfPsf] g]tfn] dfq} d'n'ssf] g]t[Tj ug{ ;S5 . o;y{ k|To]s bnn] lgjf{rgaf6} g]t[Tj rog ug]{ cEof; a9fpFb} n}hfg'k5{ / lgjf{rg k|0ffnL ;'b[9 ub}{ hfg'k5{ . g]skf Pdfcf]jfbL klg nf]stflGqs Joj:yfdf k|j]z ul/;s]sf] 5 t/ kf6L{leq lgjf{rg k4lt ljsf; x'g ;s]sf] 5}g . clxn] tLg 7"nf bndWo] ;a}eGbf a9L g]t[Tj ljjfb klg Pdfcf]jfbLd} 5 . p;n] klg lgjf{rgaf6} g]t[Tj rog ug]{ cWof; ;'? ug'{k5{ h;n] kf6L{ ;+u7g ;'b[9 / Jojl:yt agfpFb} n}hfg] 5 .

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nfebfos ;f}gf afy k|foM lbpF;f] r/Ss 3fd rls{P/ udL{sf] cg'ej eP klg laxfg a]n'sL lr;f] clxn] klg 5 . lr;f] df};dsf] Vofn gu/L xfdLn] cfkm\gf] klx/gdf Wofg lbPgf}+ eg] ef]lnsf lbgdf ToxL lr;f]n] xfdLnfO{ ljleGg /f]u lbg ;S5 . lr;f]sf sf/0fn] ubf{ klg sltko dflg;nfO{ afysf] /f]u ePsf] b]lvFb} cfPsf] 5 . dflg;nfO{ clxn] ljleGg yl/sf /f]un] ;tfpFb} cfPsf] xfdLn] b]v]sf 5f}+ . klxn] xft v'§fsf hf]gL{x¿, df+;k];Lx¿ b'v]/ x}/fg xF'bf afyn] ;tfof] eGg] ul/GYof] . afy /f]usf nIf0fx¿ s] s] x'g\ t < To;af/]df oxfF s]xL hfgsf/L lbOPsf] 5 . ;f}gf lkmlg; zAb xf] . ;f}gfsf] cy{ x'G5 Pp6f o:tf] sf]7f h;df tftf] r6\6fgdf kmf]x/faf6 kfgL xfNg] sfd ul/G5 . o;n] ubf{ pQm sf]7fdf afkm l;h{gf x'G5 . sf]7fsf] tfkdfg cfjZostfcg';f/ sd jf a9L ug{ klg ;lsG5 . ;f}gfsf] k|of]u l/n]S;];g cyf{t\ cf/fdsf cltl/Qm cf}ifwLo ¿kdf klg ul/G5 . ;f}gf afyn] dflg;sf] 5fnfnfO{ :j:y Pj+ rlDsnf] agfpg'sf ;fy} dfgj z/L/sf] d[t sf]lifsfx?nfO{ x6fP/ z/L/nfO{ o'jf / hfFul/nf] agfpg ;xof]u u5{ . o;df l:6d ¿kdf 8«fO ;f}gf afysf] t'ngfdf sd tfkdfg -nf] 6]Dk/]r/_ x'G5 . o;df tfkdfg !!)–!!% l8u|L km/]gxfO6 cyf{t\ #&–$) l8u|L ;]lN;o; x'G5 . o;n] dflg;sf] 5fnfnfO{ tftf]kfgLaf6 kg]{ k|efjaf6 hf]ufpF5 . 8«fO ;f}gfeGbf o;df tfkdfg ck]Iffs[t a9L x'G5 . ;f}gf afysf nflu tf]lsPsf] sf]7f lkmS:8 x'G5 / To; lsl;dsf] ;f}gf afy?d ;jf]{Qd x'G5 . o;df ;a}eGbf /fd|f] :t/ k|bfg ug{sf nflu kfOgp8 k|of]u x'G5 . o;sf] p8 Kofgndf 6+u / hf]OG6\; x'G5 . o;n] PS;k]G;g / sG6«]S;gdf Wofg k'¥ofpF5 . ;f}gf ?dsf] P;];f]l/hdf ;]G8 6fOd/, jf6/ls6, n]8n, lx6/ uf8{, 6fan ¥ofs, x]8 /]:6 tyf nfOkm sj/ kfOgp8af6 ag]sf l:ks/ aS; x'G5g\ . ;f}gf afy l6«6d]G6n] dfgjsf] dl:tis / z/L/ b'jn} fO{ t/f]tfhf agfpg] sfd u5{ . ;f}gf afysf] k|of]u ubf{ z/L/af6 kl;gf lg:sG5 / 5fnfsf] /f]dl5b| v'N5 . o;af6 5fnfsf] l8k lSnlgª / 6f]lgª x'G5 . 5fnf z/L/sf] ;a}eGbf lj:t[t c+u xf] . cfhsf] k|bl" ift jftfj/0fdf zf/Ll/s Jofofd cToGt sd x'G5 eg] 5fnf cg]s k|sf/sf s]ldsn, l86/h]G6, ;fa'g, k/km\od' , l8of]8G]« 6, w"nf] df6f] cflbaf6 k|efljt x'G5 . o:tf]df ;f}gf afyn] tgdg b'jn} fO{ cf/fdk|bfg u5{ . o;n] 6lS;gnfO{ lgsfn]/ km\of6 -dfgj z/L/df /x]sf] af];f]_ sd ug{ ;xof]u k'¥ofpF5 . o;/L !%–@) ldg]6sf] Pp6f ;];gdf @))–$)) Sofnf]/L vr{ x'G5 . h'g Ps–b'O{ 306fsf] lxF8fO a/fa/ x'G5 . Psk6ssf] ;f}gf afyn] nfdf] ;do;Dd dflg;nfO{ k|m;] / l/NofS; d'8df /fV5 . x/]ssf :jf:Yosf nflu nfek|b ;f}gf afy df+;k]zLsf] kL8f sd ug{ klg nfebfos l;4 ePsf] 5 . o;df tftf] afkmaf6 /St;~rf/ a9\5 / z/L/sf] df+;k]zL tgfj/lxt x'G5 . clgb|fsf] ;d:of x'g]x?sf nflu klg ;f}gf afy kmfObfhgs x'G5 . of] /f]ul;t n8\g] Ifdtf a9fpg klg ;xof]uL 5 . ha z/L/sf] tfkdfg a9\5 ta ;f}gf afyaf6 z/L/sf efO/; Pj+ AofS6]l/ofx? gi6 x'G5g\ eg] sf]N8 ;fOg]l;;, a|f]ª\sfOl6; / nf/]gufOl6; cflb ;d:ofdf klg /fxt k|fKt x'G5 .sltko dflg;sf nflu ;f}gf afy a9L nfebfos x'G5 eg] Tof] s;}sf nflu dfgl;s zflGt Pj+ ;'Gb/tfdf klg ;xof]uL l;4 x'G5 . -;fef/ ;fdu|L_

gSsnlj?4 df}lnstf g]kfnsf] e"/fhgLlt / ;fdflhs ljljwtfsf sf/0f lgolGqt k|s[ltsf] s'g} klg /fhgLlts k|0ffnL cjnDag ug'{xFb' }g . ;+3Lotfdf cfwfl/t ;dfhjfb pGd'v /fhgLlts zf;g k|0ffnL g} g]kfnL df}lnstfcg's"n x'g]5 .

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;dfhdf lg/Gt/ ¿kfGt/0fsf] k|lqmof rln/xG5 eGg] dfGotfnfO{ cfwf/ dfGg] xf] eg] ljZj /fhgLltdf klg To;sf] k|efj kl//x]sf] x'G5 . ljZj /fhgLltdf cfpg] ptf/r9fjsf] k|efj g]kfnL /fhgLltdf klg kl//x]sf] 5 . g]kfnsf] /fhgLltdf kl/kSjtf / df}lnstf gePsf sf/0f ljZj /fhgLltsf] gSsn ug]{ k/Dk/f g} a;]sf] 5 . cyf{t\ g]kfnsf /fhgLltsdL{x¿ cfkm\g} v'§fdf pleP/ g]kfnL df}lnstfdf cfwfl/t /fhgLlt ug{ r'ls/x]sf 5g\ . ljZjsf ljleGg d'n'sdf ToxfFsf] df}lnstfdf ljsf; ePsf ljleGg /fhgLlts ljrf/x¿nfO{ cg';/0f ub}{ ljleGg kf6L{x¿ v'n]sf sf/0f g]kfnsf] /fhgLltdf lvr8L k|j[lQ xfjL 5 . /fhgLltdf gSsnsf] lvnfkmdf df}lnstfsf] ckl/xfo{tf / dxŒjsf] vf]hL x'g' h?/L 5 . ljZjdf ljleGg k|sf/sf /fhgLlts k|0ffnLx¿sf] ljsf; ePsf 5g\ . sltkon] cfhko{Gt zf;g ul//x]sf 5g\ eg] s]xLn] cfkm"nfO{ Oltxf;df ;Lldt ul/;s]sf 5g\ . ljZjdf 7"nf] ;+Vofsf /fhgLlts ljåfg\x¿n] ljleGg k|sf/sf] /fhgLlts k|0ffnLsf] cf}lrTo :yflkt ug]{ k|oTg u/]sf 5g\ . ;du| /fhgLlts k|0ffnLx¿nfO{ d'VotM b'O{ efudf ljeQm ug{ ;lsG5 . k'FhLjfbL /fhgLlts k|0ffnL / ;dfhjfbL /fhgLlts k|0ffnL . cfkm"nfO{ jfdkGyL ;dfhjfbL eGg]x¿n] ;fDojfb k|flKtsf nflu pQd v'8\lsnf]sf] ¿kdf ;dfhjfbsf] JofVof u/]sf] kfOG5 . ;dfhjfb x'Fb} ;fDojfbsf] kl/sNkgf ug]{ jfdkGyL eGg]x¿n] jf:tjd} ;dfhjfbsf] k|of]u Jojxf/df ug{ ;s]gg\ . ;dfhjfbnfO{ sltkon] j+z k/Dk/fdf cfwfl/t /fhtGq ;dfg agfP . /fli6«otfsf gfddf gful/ssf df}lns xsdf Jofks s6f}tL u/] . jt{dfg ljZjdf ;dfhjfbL d'n's elgg] pQ/ sf]l/of jfdkGyL ;dfhjfbLx¿sf] lglDt sn+s g} ;fljt ePsf] 5 . v'nf ;dfhsf] cjwf/0ffnfO{ pQ/ sf]l/ofsf] jfdkGyL ;dfhjfbn] c:jLsf/ ubf{ Tof] ;dfh ljZj ;dfhaf6 cnlUug k'u]sf] 5 . pQ/ sf]l/ofnL hgtf PSsfO;f}+ ztfAbLdf dWoo'uLg sfn/fqLsf] ;fdgf ul//x]sf 5g\ . g]kfnsf] l5d]sL d'n's rLgn] eg] sDo'lg:6 kf6L{sf] g]t[Tjdf v'nf /fhgLlts cfly{s k|0ffnL cjnDag u/]/ jfdkGyLx¿n] ;f]r]sf] ;dfhjfbnfO{ km/s 9+un] k|of]u u/]sf] 5 . cfh rLg cfly{s ¿kn] bf];f| ] cfly{s dxfzlQm /fi6« aGg ;kmn ePsf] 5 . cfkm"nfO{ vfF6L sDo'lg:6 atfpg]x¿n] rLgsf] of]

cfly{s ;d[l4 dfcf]T;]t'ªsf] b]g xf] eg]sf 5g\ eg] ;dfhjfbnfO{ km/s 9+un] ljZn]if0f ug]{x¿n] o;nfO{ b]ª :ofcf] lkªsf] cfly{s df]8fln6Lsf] k|of]u xf] eg]sf 5g\ . oyfy{ eg] b]ª :ofcf] lkªsf] cfly{s pbf/Ls/0f / gLlhs/0fsf] kl/0ffd xf] . /fhgLlts qmflGtaf6 ;Gt'i6 geO{ ;f+:s[lts qmflGtsf] g]t[Tj ug'{sf] cy{ x'G5 ;dfhnfO{ ;f+:s[lts ¿kd} lgolGqt ug'{ . cfhsf] rLg dfcf]T;]t'ªn] ;f]r]sf] h:tf] lgolGqt geO{ k'FhLs/0f eO;s]sf] 5 . cfly{s ¿kdf cd]l/sf / rLgsf] aLr cGt/ 5'l§Fb}g . rLgdf ;DklQsf] /fli6«os/0f x'g'sf] ;§f xhf/f}+ lrlgofF hgtf ca{kltsf dflns ePsf 5g\ . caf{}+ JolQmut ;DklQ ePsf] sf/0f g} rLg dfcf]T;]t'ªn] kl/sNkgf u/]sf] rLg ePsf] 5}g . rLgdf k'FhLjfbL zf;g Joj:yfsf] k|of]u eO/x]sf] b]lvG5 . lrlgofF sDo'lg:6 kf6L{n] cfkm\gf] cfwf/e"t /fhgLlts cjwf/0ffljk/Lt k'FhLjfbL 9+un] zf;g rnfPsf] 5 . pQ/ sf]l/ofsf] sDo'lg:6 kf6L{n] ;DklQ /fli6«os/0fsf] cjwf/0ffcGtu{t zf;g cfhko{Gt rnfO/x]sf] 5 . ToxfF cfh hgtf v'nf ljZjaf6 sl§P/ ef]sd/Lsf] ;fdgf ul//x]sf 5g\ . k'FhLjfbL nf]stGqsf] cEof; u/]sf] blIf0f sf]l/ofn] lbPsf] ds} / ux'F vfg' kl//x]sf] 5 . /fli6«o ;'/Iff / :jflwgtfsf] gfddf pQ/ sf]l/of xltof/ agfpg} Jo:t 5 . rLgn] cfkm"nfO{ k'FhLjfbLs/0f ubf{ ;kmn x'g] t/ pQ/ sf]l/of ;dfhjfbL eO/xFbf c;kmn x'g] sf/0fsf] vf]hL cjZo g} x'g'k5{ . blIf0f sf]l/ofdf / hfkfgdf jfdkGyL ;dfhjfbLx¿sf] zf;g geP tfklg ;d[4 x'g'sf] sf/0fsf] vf]hL x'g'k5{ . Jojxf/sf] s;Ldf c;kmn x'g] /fhgLlts bz{g k9\bf hlt /fd|f] eP klg To;sf] s'g} dxŒj x'Fb}g . ;+o'Qm /fHo cd]l/sf, a]nfot, k|mfG;, ef/t, hd{gL, hfkfg, blIf0f sf]l/ofdf jfdkGyL ;dfhjfbL Joj:yfsf] ;§f k'FhLjfbL /fhgLlts Joj:yf 5 . tL d'n'sx¿ cfh ljZjsf zlQm;DkGg /fi6«x¿ x'g\ . /l;of / rLg k'FhLjfbL cy{Joj:yfs} sf/0f ;DkGg ePsf] b]lvG5 . k'FhLjfbL /fhgLlts Joj:yfn] jfdkGyL ;dfhjfbL Joj:yfnfO{ w]/} k5fl8 5f]8\g'sf] sf/0f vf]Hg' h?/L 5 . k'FhLjfbL /fhgLlts Joj:yfeGbf lgs} sdhf]/ ePsf] b]lvG5 jfdkGyL ;dfhjfbL /fhgLlts Joj:yf . g]kfnsf] jt{dfg cfly{s ;fdflhs ;+/rgf ;fdGtjfblj?4 k'FhLjfb pGd'v ePsf] 5 . k'FhLjfbtkm{ ;+qmd0f ul//x]sf] g]kfnL ;dfhnfO{ /fhgLlts Joj:yf s:tf] cjnDag ug]{ eGg] g} g]kfnL /fhgLltsf] cfhsf] r'gf}tL xf] . g]kfnsf] /fhgLlt k'FhLjfbL /fhgLlt / ;dfhjfbL /fhgLlt u/L ljZj /fhgLlth:t} b'O{ lsQfdf afFl8Psf] 5 . g]kfnL sf+u];| , /fli6«o k|hftGq kf6L{, dw];s]lGb|t bn, g]skf -Pdfn]_ cflbn] k'FhLjfbL /fhgLlts k|0ffnLsf] ckl/xfo{tf bzf{Psf 5g\ . PsLs[t g]skf -dfcf]jfbL_, ;+3Lo ;dfhjfbL kf6L{, g]kfn / g]skf–dfcf]jfbLn] ;dfhjfbL /fhgLlts Joj:yfsf] jsfnt ul//x]sf 5g\ . PsLs[t g]skf -dfcf]jfbL_ b;jif]{ ;z:q o'4tfsfsf] h:tf] z'4 ;dfhjfbL geO{ k'FhLjfbtkm{ ;+qmd0f eO/x]sf] 5 . pTkfbg la|u]8 agfP/ kf6L{df k'FhL s]Gb|Ls/0f ug{ / cf}Bf]lus/0fdfkm{t d'n'sdf k'FhL clej[l4 u/L JolQmnfO{ g} k|wfg agfpg] gLlt lnPsf] sf/0f of] kf6L{ klg k'FhLjfbL nf]stflGqs/0fsf] lbzfd} p2t ePsf] 5 . b;jif]{ o'4tfsfsf] dfcf]jfbL cfh plN6P/ ljk/t w'|jdf k'u]sf] 5 . cfhsf]

p;sf] of] l:ylt x]bf{ o'4tfsfsf] gf/f, sfo{stf{ / hgtfnfO{ pb\j]lnt agfO{ ;+u7g lj:tf/ ug]{ ;'lgof]lht u'?of]hgfcGtu{t ePsf] k|:6 x'G5 . kGw| xhf/ ul/a hgtfsf 5f]/f5f]/Lsf] /utsf] aln r9fP/ @÷$ hgf g]tfsf] dxŒjfsf+Iff k"/f ug]{ of] /fhgLltnfO{ kmls{P/ x]bf{ lwSsfg{ dg nfU5 . ;fdfGo nf]stflGqs k4ltdf cfpg]n] lsg pb\j]lnt gf/f / efif0f u/L ul/asf 5f]/f5f]/LnfO{ d[To'sf] d'vdf k'¥ofP eGg] ;jfn cfhsf] k|d'v ;jfn xf] . g]skf–dfcf]jfbL cfkm"nfO{ ;dfhjfbL /fhgLlts k|0ffnLsf] dl;xf 7fG5 . PsLs[t dfcf]jfbLsf] ;fdfGo nf]stflGqs ofqf dg gk/]/ cnu kf6L{ u7g u/] tfklg p;sf] csf]{ af6f] g} 5}g . To;}n] g]kfnsf jfdkGyL ;fDojfbLx¿n] g]kfndf ;dfhjfbL /fhgLlts k|0ffnL cjnDag ug{ / l6sfpg ;Sb}gg\ . emfkfdf ;fdGt eGb} :yfgLosf] 6fpsf] sf6\g]x¿ x'Fb} ag]sf] Pdfn] ;fdfGo k'FhLjfbL nf]stflGqs k|0ffnLdf ;+qmldt eO{ g} ;s]sf] 5 . PsLs[t dfcf]jfbLsf] ofqf klg cflv/ pxL g} /x]5 . j}B dfcf]jfbLsf] r'/Lkm'/L xfjfdf p8\g] kSsfkSsL 5 . czf]s /fO{ g]t[Tjsf] ;+3Lo ;dfhjfbL kf6L{ g]kfnn] ;+3Lotf ePsf] nf]stflGqs d"No / dfGotfdf cfwfl/t ;dfhjfb pGd'v zf;g k|0ffnL :yflkt ug]{ eg]sf] 5 . dw];s]lGb|t bnx¿ k'FhLjfbL /fhgLlts k|0ffnLsf] v'n]/} ;dy{g u/]sf 5g\ . jfdkGyL ;fDojfbLx¿ o;/L k'FhLjfbL ofqfdf of] jf Tof] axfgfdf lsg nfu] eg]/ uxg 9+un] ;f]Rg'k5{ . n8fOF ug{ hfGg] t/ /fhgLlts k|0ffnL eg] c;kmn ePsf sf/0f ljZjdf k'FhLjfbL /fhgLlts Joj:yf hAa/ eP/ ljsl;t ePsf] 5 . PsLs[t dfcf]jfbLsf cWoIfnfO{ s[lifdf cf}Bf]lus/0f / Jofkfl/s/0fdfkm{t k'FhLjfbL zf;g k|0ffnL k|of]u ug]{ xtf/f] ePsf] pgsf cleJolQmn] k| s 6 u5{ . g]kfnL sf+u|]; eg] k'FhLjfbL /fhgLlts k|0ffnLsf] cjnDagstf{ xf] . p;nfO{ ;dfh ¿kfGt/0fdf v'n]/ n8\g'sf] ;§f kl/l:yltn] g} a'O{ r9fOlbPsf] 5 . cfkm"nfO{ cfGbf]ngsf] sdf08/ kf6L{ eGb} cfTd/tL ul//x]sf] 5 . ljZj /fhgLlt / g]kfnsf] /fhgLlts Oltxf;cg';f/ g]kfndf casf] /fhgLlt ;fdfGo k'FhLjfbL /fhgLlts k|0ffnLsf] ;]/f]km]/f]df g} 3'Dg]5 . ;dfhjfbL /fhgLlts k|0ffnLnfO{ k'FhLjfbL /fhgLlts k|0ffnLn] k5fl8 kf/]sf sf/0f ;dfhjfbLx¿n] ;dfhjfbL cfGbf]ngnfO{ ;xL 9+un] rnfpg'k5{ . ;+ljwfg;efdfkm{t aGg] ;+ljwfg k'FhLjfbL nf]stGqsf cfwf/e"t d"No / dfGotfcg';f/s} x'g]5g\ . ;fdflhs Gofodf cfwfl/t Pp6f k"0f{;dfh lgdf{0f ug]{ ;dfhjfbLx¿sf] nIo k"/f ug{ cGw/fi6«jfbL / j+z k/Dk/fsf] cjnDag ug]{ jfdkGyL ;dfhjfbLx¿af6 ;ts{ x'g'k5{ . g]kfnL /fhgLlt1 / /fhgLlts g]t[Tj df}lns x'g]eGbf klg gSsn ug{ p2t x'Fbf g]kfnsf] /fhgLlt cGof]nu|:t ag]sf] 5 . nf]stflGqs d"No / dfGotfdf cfwfl/t ;dfhjfbL /fhgLlts k|0ffnL cjnDag ug'{ cfhsf] ;xL lgsf; xf] . g]kfnsf] e"/fhgLlt / ;fdflhs ljljwtfsf sf/0f lgolGqt k|s[ltsf] s'g} klg /fhgLlts k|0ffnL cjnDag ug'{x'Fb}g . ;+3Lotfdf cfwfl/t ;dfhjfb pGd'v /fhgLlts zf;g k|0ffnL g} g]kfnL df}lnstfcg's"n x'g]5 .

sf+u]; | g]t[Tjsf] bfloTj a]gLaxfb'/ sfsL{

r'gfj ePsf] ^* lbgkl5 ;+;b\sf] a}7s a;]sf] 5 / sf+u];| ;+;bLo bnsf] g]tfsf] lgjf{rg ePsf] 5 . of] ;+of]u eP klg /fli6«o cfjZostfn] ubf{ of] sfd ePsf] xf] . r'gfj kl/0ffdn] g]kfnL sf+u];| ;a}eGbf 7"nf] bn ePsfn] ;a}sf] gh/ otf k/]sf] 5 . sf+u];| af6 sf] k|wfgdGqL x'G5 eGg] lh1f;f cfdg]kfnLdf dfq xf]Og ;j{q /x]sf] 5 . of] ck]IffnfO{ d]6\g] sfd sf+u];| n] ;j{ ;Ddt ¿kdf cem ;a]/} ug{ ;s]sf] eP /fd|f] x'g] lyof] . lgjf{rgdf g]kfnL sf+u];| sf ;efklt ;'zLn sf]O/fnf ;+;bLo bnsf] g]tfdf lgjf{lrt x'g'ePsf] 5 . h'g cfd ck]Iffcg';f/ g} eof] . casf] cfjZostf eg]sf] sf+u];| sf b'j} g]tfn] dt kl/0ffdnfO{ ;xh 9+un] u|x0f u/]/ cf–cfkm\gf] :yfgaf6 /fli6«o bfloTj k"/f ug{ ;xsfo{ ug'{ h?/L 5 . o;}df b'j} g]tf, g]kfnL sf+u];| / ;du|df g]kfns} lxt x'g]5 . o;f] ePg eg] g]tf, ;xof]uL / ;du|df d'n'snfO{ g} gf]S;fgL x'g] cj:o+efjL 5 . olt a]nf g]kfnsf] eljio sf+u];| sf] xftdf 5 . of] bfloTj ;kmntfk"j{s xfFSg ldn]/ c¿nfO{ ldnfP/ ;xdltsf] ;/sf/ agfpg g;s] ax'dtLo ;/sf/sf] g]t[Tj ug{'kg{] cfhsf] cfjZostf xf] . o:tf] dxŒjk"0f{ sfdsf nflu cfkm+}df cfGtl/s dg d'6fj eof] eg] c¿nfO{ ldnfP/ ;xof]u lng emg\ sl7g k5{ . To;}n] of]

;+s6 / ;+j]bgzLn 38Ldf sf]v] xfGg] sfd x'g'F x'Fb}g . ax't} ;xh, ;/n / ;x[botfk"j{s Ps cfk;df ;xof]u cfbfgk|bfg ug{ cfjZos 5 . o;sf nflu lhTg]n] a9L g} nlrnf] x'g'k5{ . ;+;bLo bnsf] g]tf 5fGg] k|lqmof / glthfnfO{ ;xh ¿kdf lnP/ casf] k|lqmofdf k/flht g]tfnfO{ ;xefuL u/fP/ ;–;Ddfg ;xof]u cfbfgk|bfg ug{ ;Sg'k5{ . of] k|lqmofdf k/flht ePsf g]tf klg ;sf/fTds x'g' cfjZos b]lvG5 . ;du|df ;a} ldn]/ d'n'snfO{ ;kmn u/fpg'sf] ljsNk 5}g . o;sf nflu ;a}sf] xft / ;fy Ps} 7fpFdf /xg h?/L 5 . g]kfnL /fhgLltdf slxn]sfxLF d'nL 7Ls x'g rfxG5 t/ g]tfsf cf;]kf;] ;xof]uL / s'/f}6]x¿n] cfkm\gf] :jfy{sf nflu g]tfx¿nfO{ lbUe|ldt kf/]/ unt sfd ug{ afWo kf5{g\ / cfkm\gf ljZjf;sf dflg;sf] e/df k/]/ g]tfx¿n] g/fd|f] sfd ug{ k'U5g\ . h;sf] kl/0ffdn] ljs[lt NofpF5 . kmn:j¿k /fhgLlt g} cf/f]lkt x'g k'Ub5 . o; k6ssf] sf+u];| sf] ;+;bLo bnsf] lgjf{rgdf klg oxL ePsf] xf] . geP ;'zLn sf]O/fnfn] ;'?b]lv g} pk;efklt /fdrGb| kf}8]nnfO{ sfo{jfxs ;efklt lbg] k|:tfj ;~rf/ dfWoddf cfPs} xf] . of] k|:tfjnfO{ OGsf/ u/]/ k|wfgdGqLs} lh2L ug{' klg plrt lyPg . t/ kl5 sfo{jfxs dGh'/ ug{' g} k¥of] . o;/L g} jl/i6 g]tf b]pjfnfO{ gofF ;+ljwfg hf/L u/]kl5 tkfO{+ g} k|wfgdGqL aGg'xf];\ eg]/ k|:tfj u/]sf] klg w]/} klxn] ;fj{hlgs ePs} xf] . of] k|:tfjnfO{ ljZjf; gu/]/ lnlvt rflxG5 eg]sfn] s'/f ldNg ;s]g . obfsbf /fhgLltdf ljZjf; ug{} kg{] x'G5 . cfkm\g} ;efkltnfO{ ljZjf; ug{'sf] ljsNk 5}g . g]tfsf] ljZjf; d} Ps jif{df gofF ;+ljwfg aG5 eg]/ hgtf k|ltIff ul//x]s} 5g\ . wf]sf lbPdf ;hfo lbg klg r'gfj} cfpg'k5{ . csf{] s] ljsNk 5 g]kfnL hgtf;Fu < To;}n] ;a}sf nflu ;j{]fQd pkfo g} ;xdlt ug{'kg{] lyof] . ;+;bLo bnsf] r'gfj kl5 klg s]xL lau|]sf] 5}g . s;}sf] e|ddf gk/L ;Unf] ¿kn] ;dy{g / ;xof]u u/]/ ;xdltsf] ;/sf/ / Ps jif{df ;+ljwfg agfpg] ld;gdf Odfgbf/Lk"j{s b]pjf;d]tsf ;a} ;ef;bx¿ nfUg' clxn] ckl/xfo{ ePsf] 5 . oL sf+u];| leqsf k|;+u x'g\ . aflx/sf klg sd

olt a]nf ;/sf/ xfFSg'kg{] sf+u];| n] g} xf] . b]zLljb]zLsf] egfO klg oxL 5 . ;a}sf] cfzfsf] ls/0f klg sf+u];| xf] . To;df klg k|fyldstf ;'zLn sf]O/fnfs} 5 . o;sf] cy{ c¿ :jfy{eGbf klg Tofu tk:of g} xf] . 5}gg\ . olta]nf ;/sf/ xfFSg'kg{] sf+u];| n] g} xf] . b]zLljb]zLsf] egfO klg oxL 5 . ;a}sf] cfzfsf] ls/0f g} sf+u];| xf] . To;df klg k|fyldstf ;'zLn sf]O/fnfs} 5 . o;sf] cy{ c¿ :jfy{eGbf klg Tofu tk:of g} xf] . o;/L g} sf+u];| aflx/ klg oxL egfOnfO{ d"t{ ¿k lbg;Sg' k5{ ;a}n] . geP ;+;b\sf] klxnf] a}7sdf ;a}n] s'n{]sf] sfd nfUb}g . aNnaNn ;a}sf] ;b\efj sf+u];| df /x]sf] 5 . To;nfO{ ;xh 9+un] sfof{Gjog ug{ ;s] ;a}sf] ;fem ld;g ;+ljwfg;efaf6 ;+ljwfgsf] lgdf{0f k"/f ug{ ;lsG5 . o;sf nflu ;efklt sf]O/fnfn] t gDa/ Ps aGg} k5{ . c¿n] klg d'vn] kmnfs]em}F Jojxf/df klg ug{ ;Sg'k5{ . Pdfn]n] p7fPsf] h]7f] d'2f /fi6«kltsf] r'gfjnfO{ ;jf]{Rr cbfntn] lsgf/f nufO;s]sf] 5 . ca of] ljifodf pkm|g' eg]sf] e'; s'6\g';/x xf] . To;}n] Pdfn] klg w]/} av]8f gu/L sf+u];| ;Fu ldn]/ ;/sf/ u7g ug{ a]n}df ;xof]uLl;4 x'g'k5{ . To;/L g} Pdfcf]jfbLn] klg kmnfsL /xg h?/L 5}g . ;+ljwfg;efdf k|ltkIfdf a:g'eGbf dxŒjk"0f{ sfd eg]s} ;xdtLo ;/sf/d} a;]/ Ps jif{leq ;+ljwfg agfpg'd} p;sf] klg sNof0f x'g]5 . o;f] ul/Pg eg] klxnf]k6s cf/f]k nfu]em}F ;+ljwfg aGg glbg] cf/f]k bf]xf]l/g]5 . of] eg]sf] ;+ljwfglj/f]wL x'g' xf] . w]/} s'/f ubf{ /fd|f] kmn ldn]g . g;f]r]sf] ;L6df ;Lldlt x'g'k¥of] oyfy{ oxL xf] . jf:tljstfnfO{ dgg ub}{ Pdfcf]jfbLn] klg ;/sf/d} ;xefuL eP/ sf]O/fnfnfO{ ;xof]u ubf{ ;j{]fQd kl/0ffd cfpg]5 . o;f] ubf{ pknlAw eg]s} klxnf] ;+ljwfg;efdf cfkm\gf] xfnLd'xfnL xF'bf u/]sf ;xdlt sf+u];| n] klg :jLsfg{] eg]sf] 5 . of] ;xdlt sfof{Gjog ug{' klg Pdfcf]jfbLsf nflu pknlAwd"ns x'g]5 . cfkm" ;/sf/df /xFbf

k"j{ ;xdlt ;'/lIft 9+un] sfof{Gjog x'g] ;Defjgf a9]/ hfG5 . ;/sf/d} hfg av]8f ug{] xf] eg] sdn yfkf pk]|msf] z}nLdf b'O{ ltxfO{ dt pk|mg] ;Defjgf klg x'g ;S5 . o;f] eof] eg] k"j{ ;xdlt efFl8g ;S5 . k"j{ ;xdltsf lj/f]wL sdn yfkfnfO{ 7Ls kfg{ / ;xdltnfO{ sfof{Gjog u/fP/ pknlAw xfl;n ug{ klg Pdfcf]jfbL ;/sf/df hfg'sf] ljsNk b]lvFb}g . ljkIfd} a:bf s] pknlAw x'G5 / < hftLo /fHo c;Dej eP/ Tof] Ph]08f k5fl8 ;/]s} 5 . nf]stflGqs ;+ljwfg cfkm\g} 3f]if0ffkqdf klg :jLsf/]s} ljifo xf] . t;y{ Ps jif{leq nf]stflGqs ;+ljwfg agfP/ nf]stflGqs u0ftGqsf] /Iffsf nflu klg ;/sf/df hfg' g} a'l4dflg x'g]5 . sf+u];| leq / aflx/;d]tsf ;a}nfO{ ldnfP/ lxF8\g] bfloTj sf+u];| s} efudf k/]sf] 5 . sf+u];| sf nf]slk|o g]tf ePsf gftfn] sf]O/fnfn] ca km's]/ lxF8\g h?/L 5 . lj/f]wLn] cf/f]k k|Tof/f]kdf Wofg lbg'eGbf ;+ljwfgdf Wofg lbg' h?/L 5 . c¿sf] s'/feGbf klg cfkm\gf] Ifdtf k|bz{g ug{] a]nf klg oxL xf] . ;xof]uL l6ddf ;fFRr} Odfgbf/nfO{ /fVg' h?/L 5 . l6ddf b]zJofkL k|ltlglwTj agfpg klg plQs} h?/L 5 . Odfgbf/ / of]Uosf cfwf/df rf}tkmL{ k|ltlglwTsf] ;xof]uL l6d tof/ kf/]/ cxf]/fq sfd u/]/ of] ;'gf}nf] cj;/sf] ;b'kof]u u/]/ ;kmn x'g ;Sg'k5{ . oxL jf:tljstfnfO{ d"n dGq agfP/ Ps jif{leq gofF ;+3Lo nf]stflGqs ;+ljwfg g]kfnL hgtfnfO{ lbg ;+;bLo bnsf] g]tf aGg c8]em}F ;xdtLo ;/sf/ geP ax'dtLo ;/sf/sf] g]t[Tj u/]/} ;kmntfk"j{s sfd ug{' klg tkfO{+sf] clGtd bfloTj xf] . o;nfO{ /fd|/L x]Ssf /fVg' /fd|f] xf]nf .


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ljZj @! cf}+ ztfAbLdf cl3 al9/x]sf] / b]z nf]stflGqs k|0ffnLdf cEo:t /x] klg slyt dflyNnf] / tNnf] hftLo lje]bn] blnt ;d'bfosf dflg; cem} bf];|f] bhf{sf] gful/ssf ¿kdf /xg'k/]sf] 5 . jiff}{+b]lv ef]Ub} cfpg'k/]sf] ;fdflhs–cfly{s c;dfgtf / lje]bsf lj?4 ;+3if{ u/L d'n'sdf nf]stGq, u0ftGq cfP klg cem} ;dfhdf JofKt hftLo e]befjk"0f{ Jojxf/n] k|rlnt sfg'g, cfw'lgs ;Eo ;fdflhs ;+/rgf / dfgjLo kIfnfO{ lvNnL p8fPsf] dfq xf]Og, blnt d'lQmsf s'/f gf/fd} ;Lldt ag]sf 5g\ . …xfdL blntx¿n] 5f]Psf] kfgL cfkm"nfO{ pkNnf] hfltsf] 7fGg]n] vfFb}gg\, s's'/nfO{ a? 3/leq l5g{ lbG5g\ t/ xfdLnfO{ 3/ 5f]OG5 eg]/ aflx/} /fV5g\Ú, kfNkf d'em'ª–! sf s'df/ /fhj+zL eGg'x'G5, …clxn]sf] hdfgfdf klg xfd|f] x}l;ot kz'sf] h:tf] klg 5}g .Ú Pp6} ufpFdf a;f]af; ug]{ eP klg klxn] t blnt / u}/blntsf nflu km/skm/s kfgLsf wf/f lyP, /fhj+zLn]

eGg'eof], …clxn] Pp6} wf/fdf kfgL vfP klg kfgL eg]{ a]nfdf kfgLsf] l56f k¥of] / 5f]Oof] eg] ;'gkfgL 5ls{Fb} …8'dÚ n] 5f]Olbof] eGb} ufnL u5{g\ . pxfFsf] k|Zg 5, ;dfhdf lgs} ckx]lnt eP/ slt a:g] <Ú ufpFdflysf] 8fF8fdf /x]sf] u8LdfO{sf] dlGb/df clxn];Dd klg blntnfO{ k|j]z ug{ glbOPsf] :yfgLo blntx¿sf] u'gf;f] 5 . blntn] ksfP/ nu]sf] /f]6;d]t dlGb/df r9fpg glbO{ lkmtf{ ug]{ u/]sf] pxfF atfpg'x'G5 . kfNkf lhNnfsf] ;b/d'sfd tfg;]gaf6 sl/a %) lsdL klZrddf kg]{ d'em'ª uflj;df If]qL, du/, afx'g, ljZjsdf{, kl/of/ / aDt]nnufot hfltsf] a;f]af; /x]sf] 5 t/ oxfF clxn] klg slyt tNnf] hft elgg] ljZjsdf{, kl/of/ / aDt]n ;fdflhs lje]bsf] l;sf/ aGb} cfPsf 5g\ . csf{sf] sk8f l;nfP/ kfNkf 5x/f ahf/sL kfj{tL kl/of/n] u'hf/f rnfpFb} cfPsL 5g\ . pgn] l;nfPsf] n'uf dflyNnf] hftsf eGg]n] k"hfkf7df rf]vf] dfg]/ nufpg] ub{5g\ t/ pgLx¿sf] 3/df hfFbf kfgL vfPsf] lunf;;d]t dfem]/ ;'sfpg'kb{5 . pgL elG5g\, …xfdLn] ;kmf u/]/ /fv]sf] lunf; klg ;'gkfgLn] 5s]{/ dfq 3/leq n}hfg] ul/G5 . cflv/ dfG5]eGbf 7"nf] hft s'g x'G5 / <Ú ljBfnodf klg c¿ ;xkf7L;Fu a:g lbOFb}g, ;/:jtL k"hfdf ;/:jtLsf] dlGb/df hfg glbO{ 6f9}af6 k"hf ug]{ u/]sf] pgn] u'gf;f] ul/g\ .

g]kfn pTkLl8t blnt hftLo d'lQm ;dfh kfNkfsf cWoIf j;Gt lhcf/ lhNnfdf cem} klg hftLo lje]bsf] ;d:of sfod} /x]sf] atfpg'x'G5 . /fHon] hftLo e]befj tyf 5'jf5"t ;d:ofsf] cGTosf nflu ;do;Ldf 3f]if0ff u/L :yfgLo tx;Dd k'Ug] u/L hghfu/0fsf /fli6«o cleofg ;~rfng gu/];Dd slyt tNnf] hftsf dflg;sf] d'lQm x'g g;Sg] pxfFsf] wf/0ff 5 .

kf]v/f n]vgfy gu/kflnsf–!% ;'Gb/6f]n a:g] ;Gtf]if g]kfnLsf] egfO klg p:t} 5, 5'jf5"tsf] kL8f, sl/a #@ 3/w'/L /x]sf] blnt ;d'bfosf] a:tL ;'Gb/ 6f]nsf ljsn] u}/blntsf] 3/df uP/ vfgf vfFbf dfq xf]Og, xf]6ndf lrof vfFbf;d]t lunf; df‰g'k/]sf] cg'ej ;'gfpg'x'G5 . xf]6ndf uP/ lrof vfFbf lrofsf] k};f klg ltg'{kg]{ lunf; klg cfkm}+n] df‰g'kg]{ x'Fbf slyt blnt eP/ hGdg'sf] bf]if cfkm\gf] geP/ pxfF s';:+ sf/df x'ls{Psf] ;dfhnfO{ lbg rfxg'x'G5 . ljleGg /fhgLlts bnn] cfkm\gf 3f]if0ffkqdf 5'jf5"t cGTo u5f}+{ eGg] jf bnsf g]tfn] r'gfjsf a]nf 5'jf5"tlj?4 rsf{ efif0f u/] klg Jojxf/df pgLx¿af6} hftLo lje]b x'g] u/]sf] 5 . hgtfsf] k|ltlglwTj u5'{ eGg] g]tf jf lhDd]jf/ txdf /x]sf JolQmaf6} 5'jf5"t ug]{nfO{ sf/afxL ug'{sf] abnf pN6} ;+/If0f ug]{ u/]sf] g]kfnLn] atfP . …hftLo e]befj tyf 5'jf5"t -s;'/ / ;hfo_ P]g, @)^*Ú nfu" ePsf] sl/a tLg jif{ lalt;Sbf klg k|efjsf/L sfof{Gjog x'g g;Sbf w]/} blntx¿n] r'nf] 5f]Psf] lgxF'df, kfgL 5f]Psf] lgxF'df, cGthf{tLo ljjfx u/]sf sf/0f bh{gf}+ blnt o'jf dfl/g', s'l6g' / lj:yflkt x'g'n] 5'jf5"tsf 36gf 36\g'sf] ;§f emg\ a9\b} uPsf] b]lvG5 . blnt u}/;/sf/L ;+:yf dxf;+3sf cWoIf uhfw/ ;'gf/n] P]g nfu" ePsf] tLg jif{;Dd klg /fHosf tkm{af6 hgtfnfO{ ;';"lrt u/fpg / lhDd]jf/ ;+oGqnfO{ kl/rfng ug{ 7f]; kxn x'g g;Sbf 5'jf5"sf 36gfn] tLj|tf kfpg] u/]sf] atfpg'eof] . P]gsf] bkmf & sf] pkbkmf ! -s_ df s;'/ ug]{ JolQmnfO{ tLg dlxgfb]lv tLg jif{;Dd s}b jf Ps xhf/b]lv @% xhf/ ?k}ofF;Dd hl/jfgf jf b'j} ;hfo x'g;Sg] Joj:yf ul/P klg P]gcg'¿k s'g} klg bf]ifLnfO{ sf/afxL x'g ;s]sf] 5}g . P]gdf s;}n] s'g} klg JolQmnfO{ k|yf k/Dk/f wd{, ;+:s[lt, /Lltl/jfh, hft, j+z, ;d'bfo jf k];fsf cfwf/df sfd u/] jf u/fPsf hftLo e]befj jf 5'jf5"t u/]sf] dflgg]5 egL pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 . ljutdf ;/sf/n] k6sk6s 5'jf5"tnfO{ Jojxf/d} cGTo ug]{ k|lta4tf JoQm eP klg ltgsf] sfof{Gjog x'g g;Sbf of] ;d:of oyfjt\ /x]sf] 5. b]zsf ;Dk"0f{ pTkLl8t blnt ;d'bfosf] pTyfgsf nflu @)%* r}t ^ ut] kbdl;+x ljZjsdf{sf] cWoIftfdf ul7t /fli6«o blnt cfof]un] ;d]t 5'jf5"t cGTosf] xsdf

ljleGg /fhgLlts bnn] cfkm\gf 3f]if0ffkqdf 5'jf5"t cGTo u5f}+{ eGg] jf bnsf g]tfn] r'gfjsf a]nf 5'jf5"tlj?4 rsf{ efif0f u/] klg Jojxf/df pgLx¿af6} hftLo lje]b x'g] u/]sf] 5 .

s'g} k|efjsf/L ;+oGq agfpg ;s]sf] 5}g . Joj:yflksf– ;+;b\\ dlxnf, afnaflnsf / ;dfh sNof0f ;ldltcGtu{t hftLo e]befj, 5'jf5"t ;d:of / ;dfwfgsf pkfo cWoog ug{ ul7t pk;ldltn] @)^( ;fndf tof/ kf/]sf] k|ltj]bgnfO{ sfof{Gjog ug]{ xf] eg] klg blnt ;d'bfosf] 5'jf5"tnufotsf ;d:of w]/} xb;Dd ;dfwfg x'g] b]lvG5 . blnt cfGbf]ngsf cu'jf tyf ;dtf kmfpG8];gsf cWoIf kbd ;'Gbf;n] s'n hg;+Vofsf] @) k|ltzteGbf a9L ;d'bfon] hftLo e]befj / 5'jf5"t h:tf] cdfgjLo Jojxf/ ;xg'k/]sf] eGb} hftLo e]befj tyf 5'jf5"tsf 36gf x'g glbg k|efjsf/L ;/sf/L ;+oGqsf] lgdf{0f x'g'kg]{df hf]8 lbg'eof] . P]gdf b08 ;hfosf] Joj:yf lkmtnf] b]lvPsf sf/0f s8f b08 ;hfosf] Joj:yf u/L

bfOhf] k|yf gx6];Dd lje]b ;'wf ld>

df3 dlxgfsf] ;'?jft;Fu} nugsf] ;fOtsf] klg ;'?jft x'G5 . df3 dlxgfaf6 c;f/ d;fGt;Dd ljjfxsf] z'e ;fOt dflgG5 . lxGb" wd{ zf:qcg';f/ ^ dlxgfel/df z'e ;fOt x]/L ljjfx at{dgsf] nug ul/G5 . df3 dlxgfsf] ;'?jft;Fu} ljjfxsf] rxnkxn g]kfnL ;dfhdf b]lvg yflnxfN5 . x'g t d+l;/ dlxgfdf klg ljjfx ul/g] rng 5 . d+l;/ dlxgf klg nugsf nflu z'e g} dflgG5 / g]kfnL ;dfhdf ljjfx x'Fb} cfO/x]sf] klg 5 . t/ dw]; cflb sltko 7fpFdf d+l;/ dlxgf ljjfxsf] ;fOtnfO{ cz'e dflgFb} cfPsf] 5 . k|foM g]kfn / ef/tdf ldlynf If]qsf] w]/} h;f] 7fpFdf d+l;/ dlxgfsf] ;fOtdf cfkm\gf] 5f]/f5f]/Lsf] ljjfx ug{ lxrlsrfpF5g\ . sf/0f c¿ s]xL geP/ ldlynfsL uf}/j, ldlynfsL cfbz{ gf/L, ldlynfsL jL/ k'qL /fhf hgssL 5f]/L hfgsLsf] ljjfx d+l;/ dlxgfd} cof]Wof g/]zsf Ho]i7 ;'k'q >L/fd;Fu ;'–;DkGg ePsf] lyof] . /fhf hgssL k|f0feGbf Kof/L cfFvfsL gfgL 5f]/L hfgsLsf] ljjfx d+l;/ dlxgfdf ePkl5 pgn] cg]sf} b'Mv / si6sf] ;fdgf ug'{k/]sf] lyof] . o;f] x]l/Fbf /fd / ;Ltfsf] j}jflxs hLjg ;kmn ePsf] b]lvFb}g . ;Ltfsf] hLjgdf cfPsf] k6sk6ssf] jgaf;n] Tof] b]vfPsf] xf] . /fd / ;Ltf c¿–c¿ e"ldsf / gftf lgefpgdf Psbd} ;kmn eP tfklg j}jflxs hLjg pgLx¿sf] c;kmn b]lvg uPsf] dflgFb} cfPsf] 5 . ldlynfjf;Ln] cfkm\gL x[bosL 6'qmfn] ljjfxkl5 ef]u]sf] oftgfdf sxLF g sxLF d+l;/ dlxgfnfO{ klg lhDd]jf/ dfG5g\ . To;}n] klg xf]nf

ldlynf If]qsf k|foM h;f] w]/} 7fpFdf ldlynfjf;Lx¿ cfkm\gf 5f]/f5f]/Lsf] d+l;/ dlxgfdf nug ufF7f] afFlwg'nfO{ cz'e 7fG5g\ . t/ df3 dlxgfsf] ;'?jft;Fu} ;a}n] cf–cfkm\gf 5f]/f / 5f]/LnfO{ ljjfxsf] aGwgdf ufF:g cft'/ ePsf b]lvG5g\ . pd]/ k'u]sf / ;]Nkm l8k]G8]G6 eO;s]sf 5f]/f5f]/LnfO{ ljjfx aGwgdf ufFl;lbg' /Lltl/jfh dfq} geP/ k|s[ltk|bQ cfjZostf klg ePsf] dflgG5 . ljjfx Pp6f Tof] z'e sfo{ xf] h;n] of] ;[li6 rnfO/fVgdf lg/Gt/tf lbG5g\ . ljjfx aGwgdf ufFl;g' eg]sf] klt / kTgLn] b'j}sf] ;'v / b'Mvdf ;fy lbg' xf], b'j}sf] ;xof]uL aGg' xf] / b'j}n] cfk;L ;xof]udf cfOk/]sf] h:tf];'s} ;d:ofdf klg Ps / csf{sf] xft ;dftL ;Fu} ;dfwfgsf nflu cl3 a9\g' xf] . j}jflxs hLjgnfO{ ;kmn / ;'dw'/ Ps / csf{ b'j}n] b'j}nfO{ ;dfg ¿kdf cfb/ / OHht ug'{kg]{ x'G5 . b'j}n] csf{nfO{ eGbf t d 7"nf] ;f]rdf guO{ Pp6f ;fyLsf] ofgL hLjg ;fyLsf] gh/n] Ps csf{nfO{ x]l/g'kg]{ x'G5 . k'?if xf];\ ls dlxnf, olb b'j}n] Ps–csf{nfO{ hLjg;fyLsf] gh/n] x]¥of] eg] kSs} klg j}jflxs hLjg ;kmn / ;'dw'/ x'g hfG5 . lbg k|ltlbg j}jflxs hLjgdf cfOk/]sf ;d:ofaf6 6f9f x'g ;lsG5 . dw];df 5f]/f hlGdFbf ANof+s r]s cfof] eGg] ul/G5 / 5f]/fsf] ljjfx ubf{ 5f]/fsf] a'jfn] cfkm"dhL{ ANof+s r]sdf k};f eg]{ u/]sf x'G5g\ . cyf{t 5f]/fsf] ljjfx ug'{ eg]sf] cfkm\gf] vNtLnfO{ dgk/L 9+un] k};f g} k};fn] eg'{ xf] . dw];df b'ef{Uo g} eGg'kg]{ x'G5 ls 5f]/f5f]/LnfO{ ljjfx aGwgdf ufF:bf /ftf/ft 5f]/fsf] a'jf nvklt x'g hfG5g\ eg] 5f]/Lsf] a'jf /ftf/ft vfsklt x'g hfG5g\ . dw];df 5f]/f / 5f]/Ldf ul/g] lje]bsf] d'Vo sf/0fx¿dWo] of] klg Pp6f dxŒjk"0f{ sf/0f xf] . 5f]/fsf] ljjfx ubf{ 5f]/f kIfsfx¿ dfnfdfn x'g' / 5f]/L kIfx¿ s+ufn x'g' xf] . ha;Dd dw];df o:tf] s'/Llt / s'k|yf /lx/xG5 ta;Dd ;fob 5f]/f / 5f]/LaLrsf] lje]b ;dfKt x'g ;Sb}g . nfvklt / vfsklt x'g' eg]sf] g} bx]h jf bfOhf] lng' / lbg' xf] . bx]h cyf{t\ bfOhf] eg]sf] 5f]/Lsf] a'jfn] cfkm\gf] 5f]/LnfO{ csf{sf] 5f]/f;Fu ljjfx ubf{ 5f]/fsf a'jfnfO{ lbg] gub, ;jf/Lsf ;fwg, kmlg{r/, u/uxgfnufotsf ;fdfgx¿ k5{g\ . bfOhf]sf] ¿kdf Pp6f kl/jf/nfO{ rflxg] x/]s s'/f g'gb]lv ;'g;Dd jf eg' l;of]b]lv hxfh;Dd lbg'kg]{ cj:yf cfOlbg ;S5 . elgG5 dflg; bLlIft ePkl5 g/fd|f] /Lltl/jfhnfO{ kl5 5f8\b} gofF / ;do;fk]If rngx¿nfO{ k|j]z u/fpgtkm{ nfU5g\ . t/ dw];df ljjfxsf] a'emfO pN6f] eO/x]sf] 5 . o:tf] g/fd|f] /Lltl/jfh bfOhf]sf] cGTo

5'jf5"tnfO{ lg?T;flxt ul/g'kg]{ pxfFsf] egfO 5 . hftLo e]befj tyf 5'jf5"thGo ck/fwnfO{ k|ToIf jf k/f]If¿kdf a9fjf lbg] kf7\oqmd÷kf7\ok':ts tTsfn x6fO{ hftLo 5'jf5"tnfO{ Go"gLs/0f ug]{ z}lIfs ;fdu|Lsf] lgdf{0f ug'{kg]{ zflGtsf nflu ;femf cleofgsf dxf;lrj ;x]s ljZjsdf{ atfpg'x'G5 . blnt ePs} sf/0f ;fj{hlgs hn;|f]tsf] pkef]u ug{ cj/f]w l;h{gf ug]{, ;fj{hlgs kw]F/fdf kfgL eg{af6 lgif]w ug]{, dlGb/ k|j]zdf /f]s nufpg], b'Uw ;/sf/Ldf b"w vl/b gul/lbg], ;/sf/L ;|f]t;fwgaf6 jl~rt ug]{, ufpF ;dfhaf6 lj:yflkt x'g afWo u/fpg]h:tf 36gf !% k|ltzteGbf a9L x'g] u/]sf] hfu/0f ldl8of ;]G6/n] u/]sf] cWoogdf hgfOPsf] 5 . -/f;; cfn]v_

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bfOhf] lbg' / bfOhf] lng' b'j} ck/fw xf] . x'g t o;sf nflu g]kfndf sfg'g gePsf] xf]Og, sfg'g alg;s]sf] 5 t/ sfof{Gjog eg]sf] lgs} g} lkmtnf] b]lvG5 .

x'g'sf] ;f6f] emg\emg\ lj:tf/ x'Fb} uO/x]sf] 5, emg\ o;df Joj;foLs/0f eO/x]sf] dx;'; x'Fb} cfPsf] 5 . lzlIft kl/jf/df o;sf] hu emg\ dha't b]lvPsf] 5 . lgZro klg of] nfhnfUbf] s'/f xf] . h;/L ahf/df k|of]u ul/g] ;fdu|Lx¿ / rf}kfof kz'x¿sf] d"No tf]lsPsf] x'G5 7Ls To:t} dw];df dftflktfn] cfkm\gf] 5f]/fsf] ljjfxsf] d"No tf]s]sf] kfOG5 . b'lgofFdf Psflt/ a]rlavgsf] o:tf] ljjfx eO/x]sf] 5 . To;sf] cGTosf nflu sltko 7"N7"nf cfGbf]ngx¿ klg eP, t/ dw];df of] k/Dk/f cem} klg hLljt 5 . hLljt dfq} xf]Og of] Joj;fo cem} km:6fO/x]sf] 5 . olb 5f]/f 8fS6/ 5g\ eg] bfOhf] aL; nfv, OlGhlgo/ 5g\ eg] !% nfv / n]Sr// 5g\ eg] !) nfv ?k}ofF lng] ul/G5 . o;/L d"No nufP/ cfkm\gf] 5f]/fnfO{ j}jflxs aGwgsf gfddf a]Rg] u/]sf] kfOPsf] 5 . t/ b'Mvk"0f{ s'/f oxfF s] xf] eg] pN6} 5f]/fsf lktfn] bfOhf] klg lnG5g\ / /jfkm klg pgLx¿s} x'G5 . dflg;n] ;fdfg lsg]/ 3/ NofpFbf To;nfO{ s]–s;/L k|of]u ug]]{ lsGg]jfnfsf] OR5fdf lge{/ /x]sf] x'G5, t/ oxfF 7Ls pN6f] 5 . oqf] 7"nf] /sd lbO;Sbf klg 5f]/Lsf lktfx¿ 5f]/fsf lktf;fd' xft hf]8]/ a;]sf x'G5g\ . ljrf/xLg

/ ljj]sxLg klg slt;Dd x'g k'u]sf xf]nfg\ s]6fsf lktfx¿ < cfZro{ ∕ bfOhf] lbg' / bfOhf] lng' b'j} ck/fw xf] . x'g t o;sf nflu g]kfndf sfg'g gePsf] xf]Og, sfg'g alg;s]sf] 5 t/ sfof{Gjog eg]sf] lgs} g} lkmtnf] b]lvG5 . jf:tjdf sfg'gsf] sfof{Gjog ePs} 5}g . of] ;/sf/L sfof{no b:tfj]h / rf/–lbjfnleq dfq ;Lldt /x]sf] b]lvG5 . of] ljs/fn ;d:ofsf] cGTo x'g' clg cfhsf ;dodf cfjZos ePsf] 5 . o;sf nflu ;DalGwt lgsfo / cfdhgtf cfkm+}df hfu?s x'g' clt cfjZos 5 . bfOhf] k|yf, h;sf] Joj;fo lbg b'O{ u'0ff / /ft rf}u'0ff km:6fO/x]sf] 5, To;nfO{ h;/L eP klg cGTo ug'{k5{ . olb o;nfO{ cGTo ug{ ;lsof] eg] dw];df 5f]/f / 5f]/LaLr ul/g] lje]b cGTo x'g hfG5 . x'g t clxn] cfP/ sltko a'jf cfdfn] 5f]/f / 5f]/LnfO{ ;dfg ¿kdf x]g{ yfn]sf 5g\ t/ klg bfOhf] k|yfn] pgLx¿nfO{ st} g st} uP/ ljjz agfO /x]sf] kfOPsf] 5 . oxfF 5f]/f / 5f]/LnfO{ cfkm\gf] cfFvfsf] b'O{ gfgL agfpg' clt h?/L 5 / To;sf nflu clt g} v/fa / l3gnfUbf] bfOhf] k|yfsf] cGTo cfjZos 5 .

af]g Dof/f]sf] pkrf/ vr{sf] cefjdf l;Gw'nLsf Ps afns /fhwfgLdf cnkq k/]sf 5g\ . /fhwfgLsf] l;len xl:k6ndf /x]sf l;Gw'nL ljlQhf]/sf !@ jifL{o k|sfz yfkfnfO{ pkrf/sf nflu vr{sf] cefj ePsf] xf] . 5f]/f k|sfzsf] pkrf/sf nflu c:ktfnn] !) b]lv !@ nfv ?k}ofF;Dd nfUg] atfPkl5 pkrf/ ug{ gkfP/ cnkq k/]sf] k|sfzsf a'af s0f{axfb'/ yfkfn] atfpF5g\ . pgn] cfkm" cfly{s ¿kdf lgs} sdhf]/ ePsfn] 5f]/fsf] pkrf/ ug]{ vr{ h'6fpg g;Sg] eGb} ;xof]usf] nflu ;a};Fu cfu|x u/]sf 5g\ . k|sfzsf] pkrf/sf nflu ;xof]u h'6fpg /fli6«o jfl0fHo a}+s, uf}zfnf zfvfdf k|sfzsf dfdf ;'bz{g sfsL{sf] gfddf !#$))#@)!*!) gDa/sf] vftf vf]lnPsf] klg pgn] hfgsf/L lbPsf 5g\ . g]kfndf lgs} b'n{e dflgPsf] af]gDof/f]sf] pkrf/sf nflu ;'?df # nfv ?k}ofF nfUg] / s'n !@ nfv;Dd nfUg ;Sg] c:ktfnn] atfPsf] 5 . c:ktfnsf cWoIf efg'eQm 9sfnn] klg pkrf/ ;fdu|L ljb]zaf6 Nofpg' kg]{ ePsfn] vlr{nf] x'g] atfP . pgn] ;]jf z'Nsdf c:ktfnn] ;x'lnot lbg ;s] klg pkrf/ ;fdu|Lsf] vr{ a]xf]g{ eg] g;Sg] hfgsf/L lbP . aRrfsf] pkrf/sf nflu tTsfn ;xof]u h'6\g g;s]df c:ktfnd} /flv/xg klg g;Sg] ePsfn] pkrf/ljgf g} 3/ kmsf{pg' kg]{ afWotf /x]s]f la/fdLsf] ;xof]udf h'6]sf ;dfh;]jL uf]ljGb k'8f;}gLn] atfP . o; af/]df yk a'em\g rfxg] hf];'s}n] ;'bz{g sfsL{ / s0f{axfb'/ yfkf nfO{ (&$!@#()$! / (*!#*!%!$( df ;Dks{ ug{ ;lsg]5 .


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sf]nlDaofsf] /fhwfgL af]u6fl:yt /Iff dGqfnodf ;f]daf/ cfof]lht ljz]if sfo{qmddf ;xefuL x'Fb} /fi6«klt h'jfg dfg'cn ;fG6f]; -aLrdf_ tyf /Iff dGqL h'jfg sfnf]{; lkGhf]g -afofF_ . t:jL/ M l;GÅjf

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;+Vofdf cGt/f{li6«o ;}lgsx¿ /fVg] k|:tfj ul/Psf] ;'/Ôf ;Demf}tfdf x:tfÔ/ ug{ /fi6«klt sf/hfO{n] c:jLsf/ ub}{ cfPsf 5g\ . g]6f]sf dxf;lrjn] ;'/Ôf ;Demf}tfdf x:tfÔ/ ug{ c;kmn eP ckmuflg:tfgnfO{ k|ltawtf hgfOPsf] cGt/f{li6«o cfly{s ;xfotf vt/fdf kg]{ / To;n] clxn]s} :t/df cfkm\gf] ;'/Ôf kmf}hnfO{ ;]jf ;'ljwf pknAw

u/fpg ckmuflg:tfgnfO{ ufÅ/f] kg]{ klg ;+s]t u/] . /fi6«klt sf/hfO{n] ;Demf}tfdf x:tfÔ/ ug]{ cfkm"nfO{ gnfu]sf] eGb} pgn] gof“ ckmufgL /fi6«kltn] ;'/Ôf ;Demf}tfdf x:tfÔ/ ug]{ ljZjf; JoQm u/] . /fi6«klt sf/hfO{sf] clxn]sf] sfo{sfn clGtd xf] / ckmuflg:tfgdf gof“ /fi6«klt r'Gg cfufdL clk|n % df r'gfj tf]lsPsf] 5 . -Ph]G;L_

klZrd ef/tdf b'3{6gf, bzsf] d[To' gofFlbNnL, df3 @! . klZrd ef/tsf] dxf/fi6« /fHodf ;f]daf/ /flt ePsf] a; b'3{6gfdf k/L sDtLdf klg !) hgfsf] d[To' ePsf] 5 . ;f] b'3{6gfdf k/L c¿ #% hgf 3fOt] ePsf k|x/L clwsf/Lx¿n] hgfPsf 5g\ . Pshgf jl/i7 k|x/L clwsf/Ln] lbPsf] hfgsf/L cg';f/ ;f]daf/ /flt dxf/fi6«sf] k'g] ;tf/fdf /x]sf] Ps k'naf6 Pp6f a;

SofG;/ /f]uL a9] jfl;+6g, df3 @! . ljZjdf SofG;/sf /f]lux¿sf] ;+Vofdf a;]{lg j[l4 eO/x]sf] ljZj :jf:Yo ;+u7g 8An'Prcf]n] hgfPsf] 5 . ljZj :jf:Yo ;+u7gsf j}1flgsx¿sf cg';f/ cNsf]xn, ;'u/, ;+qmd0f, df]6f]kg jfo' k|b"È0f cflb SofG;/ /f]usf] d'Vo sf/0f x'g\ . ljZjdf oxL ultdf SofG;/ /f]lusf] ;+Vof j[l4 x'g] xf] eg] ;g\ @)#% kl5 ljZjdf k|ltjÈ{ @$ ldlnog gof“ SofG;/sf /f]lux¿ ylkg] atfOPsf] 5 . t/ cgfjZos tgfaf6 6f9f /x]df cNsf]xn tyf ;'u/hGo j:t'sf] k|of]udf sd u/]df j[l4 x'g] /f]lusf] ;+Vof cfwf 36\g] cg'dfg u/LPsf] 5 . SofG;/af6 aRg df]6f]kg / d2kfgsf ljÈodf dflg;x¿n] ljÈ]z Wofg lbg'kg]{ cfjZostf /x]sf] 8An'Prcf]n] hgfPsf] 5 . 8An'Prcf]sf cg'zf/ dflg;x¿sf] vfgkfg g} SofG;/sf] d'Vo sf/0f ePsf] atfOPsf] 5 . xfn ljZjdf k|ltjÈ{ !$ ldlnog yk dflg;df SofG;/ nfUg] u/]sf] 5 . ljz]È u/L ljsl;t b]zsf ljnf;L hLjgz}nL ePsf dflg;df SofG;/sf] vt/f a9L /x]sf] atfOPsf] 5 . -Ph]G;L_

gbLdf v;]sf] lyof] . ;f] a;df /x]sf !) hgf 36gf:ynd} dfl/Psf tL clwsf/Ln] hgfPsf 5g\ . u'l8/x]]sf a; k'ndf 7f]lSsg k'Ubf pQm a;sf rfnsn] ult u'dfPsf lyP . ;f] qmddf a;sf rfns klg dfl/Psf atfOPsf] 5 . pQm b'3{6gfdf k/L dfl/g]df ;a}h;f] u'h/ftaf6 uPsf cfGtl/s ko{6sx¿ /x]sf 5g\ . ;f] b'3{6gfdf 3fOt] ePsfx¿sf] pkrf/

:yfgLo c:ktfndf hf/L /x]sf] 5 . t/ /fltsf] ;do ePsfn] b'3{6gfdf k/L 3fOt] ePsfsf] påf/sf] sfd lgs} sl7g ePsf] clwsf/Lx¿n] hgfPsf 5g\ . 3fOt]dWo] clwsf+zsf] cj:yf uDeL/ /x]sf] klg ;dfrf/df hgfOPsf] 5 . ;f] If]qdf o;cl3 klg k6sk6s b'3{6gf ePsf atfOPsf] 5 . -l;GÅjf_

a}+ss, df3 @! . yfONofG8df xfn};DkGg gofF lgjf{rgsf sf/0f /fhgLlt lgsf;sf ;fy :yL/tf k|fKt xf]nf eGg] ck]Iff ul/Psf] eP klg To;f] x'g g;Sg] ljZn]if0f ug{ yflnPsf] 5 . lgjf{rgkl5 klg o:tf] cj:yf x'g;Sg] ljZn]ifsx¿n] o;cl3 g} cg'dfg ul/Psf] lyof] . ;f] cfd lgjf{rg ToxfFsf] k|d'v ljkIfL bnn] alx:sf/ u/]sf sf/0f ;f] cj:yf cfpg;Sg] cg'dfg ;j{q ul/Psf] ;dfrf/df hgfOPsf] 5 . o;}xKtf ;DkGg cfd lgjf{rg ToxfFsf] k|d'v ljkIfL ;lxtsf s]xL bnx¿n] alx:sf/ u/]sf lyP . ;/sf/ ;dy{s / ;/sf/j/f]wL k|bz{gsf/Lx¿aLr a}+ssdf lgjf{rgsf] lbgdf ;d]t em8kx¿ ePsf lyP . ;f] lgjf{rg alx:sf/ u/]sf ljkIfLx¿n] lgjf{rgnfO{ cj}wflgs ePsf] eGb} csf{] lgjf{rgsf] dfu u/]sf 5g\ . t/ ;f] lgjf{rg klg jt{dfg ;/sf/n] eg] ug{ gkfpg] pgLx¿sf] egfO 5 . ljkIfLx¿n] jt{dfg lgjf{rgsf] alx:sf/ u/]sf sf/0f ToxfF /fhgLlts cl:y/tf a9\g] cg'dfg ul/Psf] xf] . pgLx¿n] jt{dfg ;/sf/n] lgjf{rg ug{] j}wflgs x}l;ot

;'nfO{ ;/sf/L GofofwLjQmfsf] sfof{nodf nluPsf] / k'gM kqmfp ul/Psf] atfOPsf] 5 . ;'n] ;/sf/L GofofwLjQmfsf] sfof{nosf] 5taf6 xfdkmfnL cfGdxTof u/]sf] pQm dfgj clwsf/jfbL ;+:yfn] hfgsf/L lbPsf] 5 . ;'sf kl/jf/sf ;dy{sx¿n] o; ljifodf :jtGq cg';Gwfg x'g'kg]{ dfu u/]sf 5g\ . lj1lKtdf ;' km';'gsf] d[To' Ps dfq 36gf gePs f] / rLgdf ;/sf/lj/f]wL sfg'gaf6 ;+/lIft gePsf] pNn]v ul/Psf]

5 . rLgdf clwsf/Lx¿n] cfkm\gf] rfxgfdf gful/ssf] dfgj / gful/s clwsf/ pNn+3g ug]{ u/]sf] / pgLx¿n] cf/f]lkt JolQmsf] kl/jf/nfO{ klg sf/afxL ug]{ u/]sf] lj1lKtdf pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 . ;' k|ltalGwt rfOgf 8]df]qmofl6s kf6L{df ;+nUg ePsf egL lghnfO{ ;g\ @)!) df /fHob|f]x u/]sf] cf/f]k nufOPsf] lyof] / ;g\ @)!@ df lghdfly c¿nfO{ /fHob|f]x ug{ pS;fPsf] cf/f]k nufOPsf] lyof] . a]Olhªn] ;/sf/ lj/f]wLx¿

k|lta4tf ;/sf/n] lnPsf] lyof] . o;sf sf/0f ToxfF lgjf{rg t eof] t/klg o;n] lgsf; lbg;Sg] cj:yf gb]lvPsf] ljZn]ifsx¿sf] egfO 5 . pgLx¿n] jt{dfg ;/sf/kl5 gx6\g] / ljkIfL bnx¿sf] lj/f]w k|bz{g ljutsf dlxgfx¿b]lv g} lg/Gt/ /x]sf]n] ToxfF /fhgLlts cl:y/tf a9\g ;Sg] atfPsf 5g\ . o;cl3 k|wfgdGqL loªns l;gfjfqfsf] /flhgfdf dfUb} a}+ssdf ljleGg r/0f;Dd cfGbf]ng ePsf]

lyof] . t/ pgn] /fhLgfdf glbO{ csf{] lgjf{rgsf] cfÅjfg ul/g\ . t/ ljkIfLx¿n] eg] loªns ;/sf/n] u/fpg] ;f] lgjf{rgdf ghfg] c8fg klxn] g} lnPsf lyP . pgLx¿sf] of] cj:yfsfaLr ToxfF cfd lgjf{rg ;DkGg eO;s]sf] 5 . lgjf{rgkl5 klg ljkIfLx¿n] cfGbf]ng hf/L g} /fv]sf 5g\ . o;sf sf/0f yfONofG8df ;}lgs ;lqmo x'g;Sg] cfz+sfx¿ klg ul/Psf 5g\ . -l;GÅjf_

o'/f]k]nL d'n'sdf e|i6frf/ eofjx jfl;+6g, df3 @! . o'/f]k]nL ;+3 ;b:o d'n'sx¿df e|i6rf/ JofKt /x]sf] Ps k|ltj]bgdf pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 . ;+3sL u[x dfldnf;DaGwL cfo'Qmn] ;b:o d'n'sx¿df e|i6frf/sf] :t/ eofjx ePsf] r]tfjgL lbPsL ;~rf/dfWodx¿n] hgfPsf l5g\ . o'/f]k]nL ;+3sf ;b:o d'n'sx¿df e|i6frf/sf] ;d:ofaf/] klxnf] k6s k|sflzt k|ltj]bg ;fj{hlgs ub}{ ;]l;lnof dfD:6«f]dn] elgg\, … e|i6frf/n] k|To]s jÈ{ Ps ;o ^) ca{ 8n/eGbf a9L gf]S;fg k'¥ofO/x]sf] 5, h'g emG8} o'/f]k]nL ;+3sf] jflÈs{ ah]6 a/fa/ xf] .Ú o'/f]k]nL ;+3sf ;a} @*

rLgdf ;/sf/lj/f]wL sfo{stf{sf afa'sf] cfTdxTof a]Olhª, df3 @! . rLgsf] ;/sf/lj/f]wL sfo{stf{sf afa'n] cfkm\gf 5f]/fnfO{ k|x/Ln] kqmfp u/]kl5 Ps ejgsf] 5taf6 xfdkmfnL cfTdxTof u/]sf] clwsf/Lx¿n] atfPsf 5g\ . t/ pgsf ;dy{sx¿n] eg] pQm s'/fnfO{ c:jLsf/ u/]sf] Xo'dg /fO6\; ckm rfOgfn] hfgsf/L lbPsf] 5 . ;/sf/lj/f]wL sfo{stf ;' ldªsfOsf afa' ;' km';'gnfO{ k|x/Ln] k"jL{;fbf]ª k|fGtsf] s'km'af6 kqmfp u/L nu]sf] hfgsf/L pgsf kl/jfl/s ldq, ;'sf cfdf tyf afa'n] atfPsf] pQm ;+:yfn] hfgsf/L lbPsf] 5. ;' k|ltalGwt /fhgLlts bndf ;dfj]z eO{ k|hftflGqs lqmofsnfkdf ;+nUg ePkl5 lghnfO{ kqmfp ul/Psf] lyof] / pgL rf/ jif{;Dd sf/fuf/df /x]sf] lyP . pgnfO{ ut ;]K6]Da/ dlxgfdf l/xf ul/Psf] lyof] . o;kl5

g} g/fVg] cf/f]k nufPsf 5g\ . yfONofG8sf] …8]df| ]qmfl6s kf6L{Ú k|d'v clelht e]hflhefn] klxNo} o; cfd lgjf{rgnfO{ c;+j}wflgs eGb} cfkm" r'gfjdf efu glng] atfPkl5 ToxfF /fhgLlts cGof}nsf] cg'dfg ul/Psf] lyof] . ljkIfLx¿n] ;f] lgjf{rg ;f/]/ csf{] j}wflgs ;/sf/ u7g u/L lgjf{rgdf hfg'kg{] c8fg lnFb} cfPsf] lyof] . t/klg ;f] lgjf{rg ;dod} u/fO5f]8\g]

k|lt s8f gLlt ckgfpg] u5{ . ;g\ !(*( df ltofggd]gdf k|hftflGqs k|bz{g ePkl5 k|d'v ;/sf/lj/f]wL nL jflªofªnfO{ @@ jif{eGbf a9L sf/faf;df /flvPsf] lyof] . ;g\ @)!@ df pgL rLgsf] dWoefudf c:ktfnsf] Ps sf]7fdf em'lG8Psf] cj:yfdf km]nf k/]sf lyP . pgsf sfo{stfx¿n] o;sf nflu :yfgLo clwsf/Lx¿dfly cf/f]k nufPsf lyP . ut jif{ Go' l;l6hg gfds dfgj clwsf/jfbL ;+:yfn] e|i6frf/ lj/f]wL tyf z}lIfs ;dfgtfsf nflu ;fgf] :t/df lj/f]w sfo{qmd cfof]hgf u/]kl5 o;sf @) sfo{stf{nfO{ kqmfp ul/Psf] 5 . xfn;Dd o;sf !) ;b:onfO{ ;fj{hlgs Joj:yf pNn+3g u/]sf] cf/f]k nufOPsf] 5 . xfnsf ;ftfdf tLdWo] tLgnfO{ a]Olhªdf bf]ifL k|dfl0ft u/L rf/ jif{;Ddsf] sf/faf;sf] ;hfo ul/Psf] 5 . -PPkmkL_

j6} ;b:o d'n'sx¿df ul/Psf] cWoogsf cfwf/df pQm k|ltj]bg k|sflzt ul/Psf] xf] . k|ltj]bgdf b'O{j6f k|d'v hgdt ;j]{Ô0fx¿sf] glthf ;dfj]z ul/Psf] 5 . ;j]{Ô0fdf ;xefuL o'/f]k]nL ;+3sf tLg rf}yfO{ gful/sx¿n] pgLx¿sf] d'n'sdf e|i6frf/ JofKt /x]sf]

cfkm"x¿n] 7fg]sf] atfPsf lyP . ;j]{Ô0fdf ;xefuL Jofkfl/s k|lti7fgx¿dWo] $) k|ltztn] o'/f]kdf Jofkf/ ug{df e|i6frf/ Pp6f afwf ePsf] hgfPsf lyP . e|i6frf/sf] ;d:ofdf s]lGb|t klxnf] To:tf] k|ltj]bg k|:t't ub}{ o'/f]k]nL ;+3sL

u[x dfldnf;DaGwL cfo'Qm ;]l;lnof dfD:6«f]dn] elgg\, …xfdL cfzf ub{5f}+ ls of] k|ltj]bgn] ;a} txdf E/i6frf/ ;Fu h'Wg cfjZos k|ltawtf / /fhgLlts OR5f zlQmnfO{ a9fjf lbg dbt k'/fpg] Pp6f cToGt} /rgfTds k|lqmofsf] ;'?cft ug]{5 .Ú pgn] elgg\, …olb xfdL r'krfk nfu]/ a:of}+ eg] To;sf] lgs} 7"nf] d"No r'Qmf ug'{kg]{5 .Ú dfD:6«f]dn] s]xL d'n'sx¿df ;fj{hlgs vl/b Ô]qdf e|i6frf/sf] hf]lvd b]lvPsf] atfOg\ . o;}u/L o'/f]k]nL k|x/L ;+u7g o'/f]kf]nn] o'/f]kdf To:tf cfk/flws ;d"xx¿sf] ;+Vof sDtLdf tLg xhf/ /x]sf] hgfPsf] 5 . -Ph]G;L_

xjfO{ cfqmd0fdf !& dfl/P a]?t, df3 @! . l;l/ofsf] ljb|f]xL kIfsf] afx'Notf /x]sf] elgPsf] ;x/ cn]kf]df d+unaf/ ul/Psf] xjfO{ cfqmd0fdf k/L sDtLdf klg !& hgfsf] xTof ePsf] ;dfrf/ 5 . xfn}sf s]xL lbgotf ;/sf/L ;]gfn] ljb|f]xL n8fs' /x]sf] cf/f]kdf ;f] xdnf u/]sf] atfOPsf] 5 . pQm cfqmd0fdf k/L s]xL afnaflnsf klg dfl/Psf ;dfrf/df pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 . d+unaf/ nuftf/ rf}yf] lbg ;f] ;x/df xdnf hf/L /x]sf] 5 . ;/sf/L ;]gfn] rf/lbg

otfb]lv ToxfF xjfO{ cfqmd0f ul//x]sf 5g\ . l;l/ofnL ljb|f]xLx¿n] ut h'nfO{ dlxgfb]lv g} pQm ;x/sf clwsf+z If]qnfO{ cfkm\gf] sAhfdf lnPsf] atfPsf lyP . To;kl5 ;/sf/L ;]gfn] af/Daf/ o:tf] cfqmd0f ub{}cfPsf] 5 . s]xL lbgotfb]lv lg/Gt/ ¿kdf l;l/ofnL ;}lgsn] sof}+ n8fs' ljdfgdfkm{t ;f] If]qdf xdnf u/]sf] lyof] . dfl/Psf ;a}hgf ;j{;fwf/0f /x]sf / ToxfF ljb|f]xL n8fs' gk/]sf] :yfgLo gful/ssf]

egfO 5 . t/ o; ljifodf ;/sf/n] eg] s]xL af]n]sf] 5}g . l;l/ofdf ;g\ @)!! sf] dfr{ dlxgfn]lv g} ;/sf/lj/f]wL cfGbf]ng hf/L /x]sf] 5 . lat]sf sl/a b'O{ jif{otfb]lv g} o; cfGbf]ngn] lx+;fTds ¿k lng] u/]sf] 5 . pQm lx+;fdf k/L xfn;Dddf Ps nfv #^ xhf/eGbf a9L gful/ssf] Hofg uO;s]sf] 5 . ;fy} xhf/f}+ gful/s c+ue+u ePsf 5g\ eg] nfvf}+ nfvn] ljb]zdf z/0f lnO/x]sf atfOG5 . -PPkmkL_

cfFwLaf6 xhf/f}+ lj:yflkt dlgnf, df3 @! . lkmlnlkG;df s]xL ;docl3sf] af9L / cfFwLsf] k|sf]kaf6 xhf/f}+ dflg; lj:yflkt ePsf 5g\ . xfn pgLx¿ lgs} bogLo ¿kdf c:yfoL lzlj/df al;/x]sf 5g\ . lkmlnlkG;df ut dlxgfdf v/fa df};dsf] sf/0f cfPsf] af9L / cfFwLaf6 $) hgfsf] d[To' eO;s]sf] clwsf/Lx¿n] hgfPsf 5g\ ;f] df};dsf] sf/0f b'O{nfv !* xhf/eGbf a9L dflg; cfFwL k|efljt If]qaf6 lj:yflkt eO{ c:yfO{ lzlj/, ljBfno / ;/sf/L ejgx¿df a;f]jf; ub}{ cfPsf 5g\ . gful/s k|lt/Iff clwsf/Lx¿n] hgfPcg';f/ pgLx¿sf] Joj:yfkg lgs} g} sl7g aGb} uPsf] 5 . lkmlnlkG;sf] ldGbfgfcf] åLksf] cfu';fg gbLsf] lsgf/;Dd cfPsf] af9Lsf sf/0f ut dlxgfdf dfq !% xhf/ dflg;n] cfkm\gf] ufpF 5f]8]sf klg ;f] sfof{non] hgfPsf] 5 .

ef/L jiff{kl5 cfu';fg gbLdf cfPsf] af9L / To;kl5sf] klx/f]df PsxKtfleq Ps dlxnf;lxt !* hgfsf] d[To' ePsf] hgfOPsf] 5 . To;}u/L ldGbfgfcf]sf] k"jL{t6Lo If]qdf dfq ;g\ @)!@ sf] l8;]Da/df cfPsf] af]kmf cfFwLaf6 Ps xhf/ gf} ;o hgfsf] d[To' jf a]kQf ePsf lyP . -PPkmkL_


@)&) df3 @@, a'waf/ | Wednesday, 5 February,

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t]Gb'ns/n] yfk] ef/t /Tg dgfªnfO{ % c+ssf] cu|tf

Ph]G;L lbNnL, df3 @! . k"j{lqms]6/ ;lrg t]Gb'ns/nfO{ ef/tsf] ;jf]{Rr gful/s ;Ddfg ef/t /Tgaf6 ;Ddfg ul/Psf] 5 . ef/t /Tg kfpg] ;lrg klxnf] v]nf8L x'g\ . /fi6«klt ejgdf cfof]lht Ps ;df/f]xtdf /fi6«klt k|0fa d'vhL{n] ;lrg;“u} /;fog zf:qL k|fWofks ;LPgcf/ /fjnfO{ ef/t /Tg k|bfg u/] . ;Ddfgkl5 ;lrgn] eg]sf 5g\, dnfO{ uj{ 5 ls d ef/tdf hlGdPF . en} d]/f] Jofl6ª /f]lsPsf] 5 . t/, d ef/tsf nflu nuftf/ Jofl6ª ul//xg]5' .Ú ;lrgn] ut gf]e]Da/df d'DaO{df j]i6Ol08hlj?4sf] cfkm\gf] @)) cf}+ 6]i6df ;Gof; lnPsf lyP . ;lrgn] clGtd 6]i6 v]ln/x]sf] a]nf ef/t ;/sf/n] pgnfO{ of] ;jf]{Rr ;Ddfg lbg] 3f]È0ff u/]sf] lyof] . ;lrgn] cfkm\gf] v]n lhtgdf @)) 6]i6 v]n]sf 5g\ / !% xhf/ ( ;o @! /g agfPsf 5g\ . 6]i6df pgsf] pRrtd :sf]/ @ ;o $* xf] . 6]i6df pgn] %! zts / ^* cw{zts agfPsf 5g\ . Pslbj;Lo lqms]6df $ ;o

^# v]n v]n]sf pgn] !* xhf/ $ ;o @^ /g agfPsf 5g\ . h;df $( zts / (^ cz{zts klg k5{ . ;lrgnfO{ sLlt{dfgsf dxf/fhfsf ¿kdf ;d]t dfGg] ul/Psf] 5 . pgn] cfkm\gf] Sofl/o/df 9fsfdf v]n]sf] a+unfb]zlj?4sf] Pp6} Olgªdf @ ;o $* /g agfP/ lslt{dfg /fv]sf lyP . !^ jif{sf] pd]/af6} lqms]6 v]Ng ;'? u/]sf ;lrgn] @$ jif{;Dd lqms]6 v]n]sf lyP . h;sf sf/0f pgL rrf{sf] lzv/df ;d]t /x]sf lyP . pgn] Pslbj;Lo ljZjskdf ^ j6f ljZjsk v]n]/ sLlt{dfg klg agfP . ;g\ !(*(df kfls:tfglj?4 s/f“rLdf ePsf] 6]i6 v]naf6 cfkm\gf] lqms]6 v]n hLjgsf] ;'?cft u/]sf lyP . pgL k'?È ;d"xsf] Ps lbj;Lo cGt/f{li6«o lqms]6df bf]xf]/f] zts agfpg] klxnf] v]nf8L x'g\ . pgL 6]i6 lqms]6df ;a}eGbf w]/} !% xhf/eGbf a9L /g agfpg] Psdfq v]nf8L x'g\ . Pslbj;Lo Dofrx¿df klg pgnfO{ ;jf{lws /g agfpg] sLltdf{g k|fKt 5 .

pgn] cfkm\gf] klxnf] k|yd >]]0fL lqms]6 Dofr d'DaO{sf nflu !$ jÈ{sf] pd]/df v]n]sf lyP . To:t} pgL /fhLj ufGwL v]n /Tg k'/:sf/åf/f ;Ddflgt Psdfq lqms]6 v]nf8L x'g\ . pgL ;g\ @))* df kb\d lje"È0faf6 klg k'/:s[t 5g\ . lqms]6 hutsf ;jf{lws k|fof]lht v]nf8L x'g\ / ljZje/ g} pgsf cg]s k|z+;s 5g\ . pgsf k|z+;s pgnfO{ lnl6n df:6/ tyf df:6/ Anf:6/ eGb5g\ . pgL af:tjdf t]h an/ aGg rfxGy] . oxL OR5fn] ubf{ ;g\ !(*& df pgn] Pdcf/Pkm k]; Ps]8]dLdf klg egf{ eP . t/, pgnfO{ c:6«]lnofsf dxfg\ t]h an/ 8]lg; lnn] c:jLs[t u/] . ;g\ !(*& sf] ljZjskdf t]Gb'ns/ an Ajfo lyP . ;g\ !(** df cGt/ljBfno lqms]6df pgn] ef/ts} k"j{v]nf8L ljgf]b sfDanL;“u ldn]/ ^^$ /gsf] ljZj sLltdf{g ;f´]bf/L u/] . h;df t]Gb'ns/sf] of]ubfg #@^ /g lyof] . h'g tYyf+ssf] /]s8{ eg] clxn] gePsf] ef/tLo lqms]6 sG6«f]n af]8{n] hgfPsf]] 5 .

lgD;nfO{ km'6an pkflw

6fOD; ;+jfbbftf sf7df8f}+, df3 @! . lgt]g d]df]l/on :s'n -lgD;_, 6f]vfn] cf7f}+ 8fkmf]l8n sk h'lgo/ 5fq km'6an k|ltof]lutfsf] pkflw d+unaf/ lht]sf] 5 . ;/:jtLgu/l:yt cfof]hs 8fkmf]l8nsf] d}bgdf ePsf] kmfOgndf pHHjn w]s]sf] sKtfgLdf /x]sf] lgD; 6f]nLn] ;'/f]h zfx 7s'/L g]t[Tjsf] x\jfO6lkmN8 …PÚ 6f]nLnfO{ !–) sf] emLgf] uf]ncGt/n] k/flht u¥of] .

lgwf{l/t ^) ldg]6sf] t];f| ] ldg]6df g} lgD;sf cho 3n]n] u/]sf] uf]ng} lg0ff{os ;fljt eof] . ;d"x r/0fsf] v]ndf lgD; ;fljs ljh]tf sf7df8f}+ EofnL;Fu k/flht ePsf] lyof] eg] bLkHof]ltnfO{ x/fpb} ;d"x …PÚ sf] pkljh]tfsf ¿kdf Sjf6{/kmfOgndf k'u]sf] lyof] . lgD;n] Sjf6/kmfOgndf 6LcfO{P tyf ;]ldkmfOgndf nf]oN6LnfO{ kfvf nufPsf] lyof] .

ÅjfO6lkmN8n] lnudf r]N;LnfO{ x/fPsf] lyof] eg] sfEof;Fu uf]n/lxt a/fa/L v]n]sf] lyof] . ÅjfO6lkmN8n] a[x:klt Sjf6{/kmfOgndf ljBf;bg / ;]ldkmfOgndf ;fljs ljh]tf sf7df8f}+ EofnLnfO{ x/fpFb} kmfOgn ofqf to u/]sf] lyof] .k|ltof]lutfdf x\jfO6lkmN8 …PÚ sf k|jL0f u'?ª pTs[i6 v]nf8L r'lgP . k|ltof]lutfe/ % uf]n u/]sf k|jL0f ;jf{lws :sf]/stf{ klg ag] . lgD;sf ;l~hj nfdf pTs[i6 uf]n/Ifs 3f]lift eP . cg'zfl;t l6dsf] pkflw sfEof :s'nn] xft kf¥of] .ljh]tfnfO{ clvn g]kfn km'6an ;+3sf k|d'v sfo{sf/L clws[t OGb|dfg t'nfw/, 8fkmf]l8n klAns :s'nsL lk|lG;kn dLgf sfsL{, 8fkmf]l8n af]l8{ª :s'nsf lk|lG;kn xl/ bfxfn tyf ÅjfO6lkmN8sf lk|lG;kn kf/; >]i7n] Ps sfo{qmdaLr k'/:sf/ k|bfg u/] . df3 !^ ut]b]lv ;'?

k|ltof]lutfdf !@ l6d ;xefuL lyP . ptf Snfl;s / l/nfoG; OG6/g];gn Ps]8]dL !@ cf}+ 1fglgs]tg af:s]6an k|ltof]lutfsf] Kn; 6' AjfOhtkm{ d+unaf/ ;]ldkmfOgndf k|j]z u/]sf 5g\ . Snfl;sn] lxdfnognfO{ $)–@# n] k/flht u¥of] . ljh]tfsf dgLif nfdfn] !^ c+s hf]8] . w'G8'k u'?ªsf] !# c+s ;xof]udf l/nfoG;n] gf]a]nnfO{ $$–#$ n] x/fof] .l;lgo/ AjfOhdf 1fglgs]tgn] lu|gNofG8nfO{ %)–#(, ljN;g Ps]8]dLn] 8]g]a OG6/g];gn Ps]8]dLnfO{ %(–$@ tyf cj]/g]; OG6/g];gn Ps]8]dL -PcfO{P_ n] 1fgf]bonfO{ $!–#$ n] x/fP . 1fglgs]tgsf dgf]h k|wfgn] @), ljN;gsf ;'gLn du/n] !% tyf PcfO{Psf kjg s];Ln] !$ c+s hf]8] . h'lgo/ AjfOhdf uf]N8]glksn] OkLP;nfO{ !#–( n] lg/fz kf¥of] . uf]N8]glksf lxSdt /fptn] ^ :sf]/ u/] .

cEof; v]ndf g]kfnu~h / s~rgk'/ 6fOD; ;+jfbbftf wgu9L, df3 @! . g]kfn lqms]6 ;+3 Sofgn] !^ jif{ d'lgsf] /fli6\o k|ltof]lutf s]xL ;dod} x'g] 3f]if0ff ul/;s]sf a]nf If]q gDa/ % g]kfnu~h / If]q gDa/ ( s~rgk'/sf] l6d cEof; v]nsf nflu h'6]sf 5g\ . If]q gDa/ ( sf] lgDtf]df If]q gDa/ % sf] 6f]nL cEof; v]nsf nflu wgu9L cfpg] ePsf] xf] . b'j} l6daLr cfpFbf] df3 @# / @$ ut] cEof; v]n v]nfO{g] If]q gDa/ ( sf pkfWoIf ;'jf; zfxLn] hfgsf/L lbP . b'O{ lbg] km\Dof{6df

v]nfOg] pQm k|ltof]lutfsf] tof/L clGtd r/0fdf /x]sf] zfxLn] atfP . wgu9Lsf] af]/f8f8L l:yt kmfKnf d}bfgdf pQm cEof; v]n v]nfOg]5 . /fli6«o k|ltof]lutf cuf9L x'g nfu]sf] cEof; v]nn] b'j} 6f]nLnfO{ kmfObf k'Ug] ck]Iff ul/Psf] 5 . pgn] eg], …b'j} 6Ldn] Pscsf{nfO{ a'em\g] df}sf kfpg] 5g\ . To:t} b'j}sf] k|bz{g ;'wfg{ cEof; v]n dxTjk'0f{ x'g]5 .’ cEof; v]n v]Ng kfOg] va/ ;'g]/ b'j} l6dsf v]nf8Lx¿ pT;flxt b]lvPsf 5g\ . /fli6«o k|ltof]lutf k"j{ x'g nfu]sf] cEof; v]nn]

cfkm"x¿nfO{ yk kl/:s[t kfg]{ ljZjf; If]q gDa/ ( sf sKtfg k'/g l;+xsf] /x]sf] 5 . cEof; v]nsf] cfof]hgf ul/Psf]df wGojfb lbFb} pgn] l6ddf /x]sf sdLsdhf]/L yfxf kfpg / ltgsf] ;'wf/df cEof; v]n dxŒjk"0f{ x'g] atfP . To:t} If]q gDa/ ( sf sKtfg lgt]z lji6n]] /fli6«o k|ltof]lutfsf] tof/Ldf /xsf] b'j} l6dsf nflu cEof; v]nn] /fd|f] cj;/ k|bfg u/]sf] eGb} ljz]if u/L cfkm"x¿nfO{ gofF 7fpFdf bafa aLr v]n v]Ng;Sg] aGg d2t k'Ug]df pgn] hf]8 lbP .

6fOD; ;+jfbbftf sf7df8f}+, df3 @! . sf7df8f}+df hf/L ;lxb :df/s /]8a'n …P’ l8lehg lnu km'6andf zLif{ :yfgdf /x]sf] dgfªn] cfkm"nfO{ k5\ofO/x]sf] ly|:6f/;+usf] b"/L % c+sn] km/flsnf] kfg{ ;kmn ePsf] 5 . d+unaf/ ePsf] v]ndf dgfªn] k|m]08;\ Snadfly $–) uf]n cGt/sf] lht xft kfb}{ dxŒjk"0f{ tLg c+s hf]8]sf] lyof] . To:t} d+unaf/ g} ePsf] v]ndf y|L:6f/ g]kfnL ;]gf;Fu !–! uf]nsf] a/fa/Ldf /f]lsPkl5 dgfªn] y|L:6f/;Fusf] b"/L % c+sn] a9fPsf] xf] . tflnsfdf dgfªn] !! v]naf6 @^ c+s hf]8\bf ;dfg !! v]n v]n]sf] y|L:6f/sf] eg] @! c+s ePsf] 5 . lnu ln8/ dgfª clgn u'?ªsf] Åofl6«ssf] dbtdf k|m]08;\ Snadfly km/flsnf] lht xft kf/]sf] xf] . bz/y /+uzfnfdf ePsf] v]ndf dgfªn] bf];f| ] ldg]6d}

dfof+sf / dflxsf ;]ldkmfOgndf 6fOD; ;+jfbbftf sf7df8f}+, df3 @! . h'DNofxf lbbLalxgL dfof+sf / dflxsf /f0ff rf}yf] ;fd/L :nfd ng6]lg; k|ltof]lutfsf] dlxnf l;+uN;df d+unaf/ ;]ldkmfOgndf k|j]z u/]sf 5g\ . x]6f}+8fsf] ;'kf/L6f/df ePsf] v]ndf dfof+sfn] clenfiff lji6nfO{ ^–) / ^–! tyf dflxsfn] ut pkljh]tf Sof6nfO{ ^–@ / ^–@ sf] ;f]emf] ;]6df k/flht u/] . dWo k[tgf d'Vofno, x]6f}+8fåf/f cfof]lht k|ltof]lutfsf] k'?if l;+uN;df ;+/Ifse"if0f ah|frfo{n] ut pkljh]tf clgn zfxLnfO{ $–^, ^–$ / ^–$, s'naxfb'/ /fO{n] ;+/Ifssf cfkm\g} efO ;DosnfO{ $–^, ^–$ / ^–$, cfefif dNnn] lg/h kf08]nfO{ ^–) / ^–), sdn e08f/Ln] u0f]z sfsL{nfO{ ^–! / ^–!, ;Ifd sfsL{n] s'nlbk yfkfnfO{ ^–# / ^–) tyf cfTdf/fd sfsL{n] ;'dg sfsL{nfO{ ^–! / ^–@ n] x/fpFb} Sjf6{/kmfOgndf k|j]z u/] . cf–cfkm\gf] v]n lhTg ;+/IfsnfO{ @ 306f !% ldg]6 / s'naxfb'/nfO{ @ 306f #) ldg]6 ;do nfu]sf] lyof] . k|ltof]lutfsf] cfof]hs k[tgfsf pk/yL ;'Gb/ k'8f;}gLn] Ps sfo{qmdaLr pb\3f6g u/]sf lyP . pQm cj;/df clvn g]kfn ng6]lg; ;+3sf cWoIf dgf]hzdz]/ h+uaxfb'/ /f0ffn] cfof]hsnfO{ ! yfg g]6 / @$ Sofg 6]lg; an x:tfGt/0f u/]sf lyP . pQm cj;/df dsjfgk'/ lhNnf ng6]lg; ;+3sf cWoIf bLk]Gb| rGb 7s'/Ln] :jfut dGtJo JoQm u/]sf lyP . rf/ lbg] k|ltof]lutfdf ^ dlxnf;lxt $@ v]nf8Ln] ^ :kwf{ k|lt:kwf{ ul//x]sf 5g\ . s'n gub k'/:sf/ &% xhf/ ?k}ofF 5 . ljutdf em} o;k6s klg gub k'/:sf/ dghos/ 6]lg; Ps]8]dLn] k|fof]hg u/]sf] 5 .

¿k]z s];Lsf] uf]naf6 cu|tf lnPsf] lyof] . clgn u'?ªn] lbPsf] kf;df bLks /fO{n] ldnfOlbPsf] andf pgn] uf]n u/]sf x'g\ . v]nsf] !& cf}+ ldg]6df clgnn] x]8 uf]n ub}{ dgfªsf] cu|tf bf]Aa/ kf/] . klxnf] xfksf] clGtd ldg]6df dgfªn] k]gfN6L kfof], h;df clgnn] uf]n ub}{ 6f]nLnfO{ #–) sf] cu|tf lbnfP . v]nsf] ^^ cf}+ ldg]6df k|m]08\;sf uf]n/Ôs ls/g tG8'sf/n] clgnnfO{ n8fPkl5 dgfªn] csf]{ kfgfN6L kfof] . h;df clgnn] g} uf]n ub}{ Åofl6«s k"/f u/] eg] dgfªnfO{ $–) sf] lht lbnfP . ptf d+unaf/} ePsf] csf]{ v]ndf cfdL{n] y|L:6f/nfO{ !–! sf] a/fa/Ldf /f]s]sf] 5 . y|L:6f/n] !! cf}+ ldg]6df cu|tf lnP/ klg hf]ufpg ;s]g . ;Gtf]È ;fx'vnsf] lk|m lssdf ljqmd nfdfn] uf]n u/]sf x'g\ . #@ cf}+ ldg]6df e/t vjf;sf] k|xf/ y|L:6f/sf uf]n/Ôs ls/0f

r]Dhfªn] d'l:snn] atfP . #( cf}+ ldg]6df y|L:6f/sf k|sfz a'9fyf]sLsf] k|xf/ af/df nfu]/ kmlsof]{ . && cf}+ ldg]6df e/t vjf;n] cfdL{sf nflu a/fa/L uf]n kmsf{P . lgs} k|lt:kwf{Tds v]n b'a} 6f]nLn] s]xL /fd|f] ca;/ kfP klg uf]n ug{ ;s]gg\ . cGtt v]na/fa/L ;lsPkl5 ly|:6f/ dgfª;+usf] b'/L sd agfpg] df}sf u'dfpg afWo ePsf] xf] . o;}aLr clvn g]kfn km'6an ;+3 PGkmfn] cf/l;6Lsf v]nf8Lx¿ ;'jLg >]i7, s[i0f s'j/ / bLks yfkfnfO{ cg';f;g lxg sfd u/]sf] eGb} sf/afxL u/]sf] 5 . PGkmfsf cg';f/ ;'ljg / s[i0fnfO{ lnusf] afFsL v]n v]Ng k|ltjGw nufPsf] 5 eg] bLks yfkfnfO{ Ps jif{;Dd Pgkmf / Pgkmfn] ;DaGwg lbg] s'g} klg k|ltof]lutf v]Ng /f]s nufPsf] 5 . pgLx¿n] hfjnfv]nlj?4sf] v]n ;lsPkl5 /]k|mLdfly xft kft u/]sf lyP . ptf k'g/fj]bg

cbfnt kf6gn] k|m]08; Snasf kbflwsf/LnfO{ sf/afxL ug'{sf] nsf/0f dfu ub}{ clvn g]kfn km'6an ;+3 PGkmfnfO{ b'O{ lbgleq pkl:yt x'g cfb]z hf/L u/]sf] 5 . ut df3 !% ut] k|m]08; / y|L:6f/aLrsf] v]nkl5 k|m]08;\sf kbflwsf/L / PGkmfsf kbflwsf/LaLr /]k|mLsf] lg0f{onfO{ lnP/ ljjfb ePsf] lyof] . ;f]xL ljjfbsf] ljifonfO{ lnP/ PGkmfn] k|m]08;\ Snasf jl/i7 pkfWoIf bLks yfkf;lxt tLg hgfnfO{ sf/afxL u/]sf] lyof] . h;sf] lj/f]w ub}{ k|m]08;n] k'g/fj]bg cbfnt kf6gdf lbPsf] l/6dfly ;'gjfO ub}{ GofofwLz gf/fo0f k|;fb zfxn] PGkmfnfO{ df3 @# ut] 5nkmnsf nflu cbfntdf af]nfPsf] xf] . k|m]08;n] l/6df PGkmfsf ;xdxf;lrj dl0f s'j/n] cfkm"x¿nfO{ ceb| Jojxf/ u/]sf], /]k|mLn] lgikIf v]n gv]nfPsf] cf/f]k nufPsf] 5 .

lblnk bf;sf] Psn cu|tf

6fOD; ;+jfbbftf sf7df8f}+, df3 @! . e/tLo e]6f« g v]nf8L lblnk bf; sf7df8f}df hf/L k|yd ;fpy Pl;og Pd]Rof]/ r]; RoflDkogl;kdf Psn cu|tf lng ;kmn ePsf 5g\ . g]kfn a'l4rfn ;+3sf] cfof]hgfdf sdnkf]v/Ll:yt /l;og sNr/ ;]G6/df hf/L k|ltof]lutfsf] rf}yf] lbg d+unaf/ ;DkGg 5}6f}+ r/0fdf cfkm\g} b]zsf !$ jifL{o !&)$ /]6]8 ;f]ªsng ef/tLnfO{ k/flht ub}{ lblnk Psn cu|tf lng ;kmn ePsf x'g\ . !($) /]6]8 lblnksf] ^ v]naf6 ^ c+s ePsf] 5 . ;'?cftb]lv g} bafa em]Ng' k/]tf klg ;f]ªsngn] $( cf}+ rfndf w}o{tf u'dfpFbf lblnknfO{ dxŒjk"0f{ ! c+s xft nfUof] . a'waf/ lblnkn] ef/ts} tdfn rqmjtL{;Fu k|lt:kwf{ ug]{5g\ . ef/tsf !*$^ /]6]8 tdfn rqmjtL{n] g]kfnsf !&*! /]6]8 lIflth e08f/LnfO{ ^( cf}+ rfndf lg/fz kfb}{ % bzdnj % c+ssf ;fy bf];f| ] :yfgdf /xg ;kmn ePsf 5g\ . g]kfnsf !*#! ljqmd hltnfO{

x/fpFb} ef/tsf !(#* /]6]8 ;f}/e cfgGb % c+ssf ;fy t];f| ] :yfgdf plSnPs 5g\ . pgL;Fu} ef/ts} ;f]ªsng ef/tL tyf g]kfnsf !*(( /]6]8 Zofd;'Gb/ >]i7sf] ;d]t ;dfg % c+s /x]sf] 5 . Zofdn] 5}6f}+ r/0fdf ef/tsf !*@% /]6]8 ljj]s Pddfly ;fgbf/ lht xft kf/] . a+unfb]zsf !**# /]68] hf]c/ xs k|fb] fg tyf g]kfnsf !(&! /]68] k|d] s[i0f dxh{gsf] v]n a/fa/Ldf 6'l+ uof] . a/fa/L;Fu} b'js } f] ;dfg $ bzdnj % c+s ePsf] 5 . To:t} g]kfnsf lIflth e08f/L, bL3{/fh hf]zL, njs'df/ >]i7, u0f]zdfg b'jfn, gjLg t08'sf/, /fh]Gb|k;| fb >]i7, ;'zLn rf}w/L tyf ljho 8+uf]n klg ;dfg $ bzdnj % c+sdf 5g\ . To:t} ef/tsf ljj]s Pd, a+unfb]zsf df]xDdb dfltp/ /xdfg, ln;f cG;f/L, g]kfnsf cg/]6]8 /fhg bfxfn, ljqmd hlt, of]u]z lnDa", lg/~hg k|hfklt, /fs]z /f}lgof/, sdn >]i7sf] ;dfg $ c+s 5 RoflDkogl;kcGtu{t a'waf/ ;ftf}+ tyf cf7f}+ r/0fsf v]n x'g]5g\ .

/fli6«o v]ns'b kl/ifb\ ljBfno v]ns'b ljsf; ljefusf k|d'v s'naxfb'/ yfkf, dw];L hgclwsf/ kmf]/d -nf]stflGqs_ sL ;ef;b\ uLtf /f0ffnfO{ awfO 1fkg ug]{ qmddf k'iku'R5f k|bfg ub}{ . /f0ff g]kfn km'6an ;+3sL k"j{cWoIf klg x'g\ .


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@)&) df3 @@, a'waf/ | Wednesday, 5 February, 2014

^) k|ltzt kl:dgf lrlgof“ ko{6ssf] emf]nfdf 6fOD; ;+jfbbftf sf7df8f+}, df3 @) . g]kfndf ag]sf kl:dgfhGo pTkfbgdWo] sl/a ^) k|ltzt kl:dgf lrlgof“ ko{6sn] g} nfg] u/]sf 5g\ . g]kfn e|d0f / ljleGg sfdn] cfpg] lrlgof“ ko{6sn] kl:dgfhGo j:t'x¿ xft] nu]hdfkm{t g} n}hfg] u/]sf] g]kfn kl:dgf pBf]u ;+3n] hgfPsf] 5 . xfn;Dd lrlgof“ Joj;foLn] k|lttkq -Pn;L_ vf]n]/ n}hfg] kl/df0f ;fgf] eP klg ko{6sn] xft] emf]nf -ÅofG8 Sof/L_ dfkm{t n}hfg] kl/df0f pNn]Vo /x]sf] ;+3sf] egfO 5 . kl:dgfhGo j:t' pTkfbg / sf/f]af/df ;+nUg Joj;foLn] rLg / ef/tLo pTkfbg;“u k|lt:kwf{ ug{ g;s]/ lgof{t a9\g g;s]sf] atfO/x]sf a]nf rLgtkm{ eg] ckTofl/nf] 9+un] kl:dgf lgsf;L eO/x]sf] kfOPsf] 5 . g]kfnL kl:dgf lrlgof“sf] t'ngfdf s]xL ;:tf] ePsf] / oxf“af6 p7fP/ nu]sf] kl:dgf cGt/f{li6«o ahf/df a9L d"Nodf a]Rg ;lsg] ePsfn] klg lrlgof“ ko{6sn] lgs} ?rfpg] u/]sf] klg ;+3n] atfPsf] 5 . xfn;Dd kl:dgfnfO{

g]kfnaf6 lgsf;L x'g]dWo] k|d'v j:t'sf ¿kdf lnOg] cfPsf] 5 . g]kfnaf6 jflÈ{s sl/a @ ca{ ?k}ofFeGbf a9Lsf] kl:dgf l5d]sL d'n'sx¿ rLg / ef/tnufot *! d'n'sdf lgsf;L x'“b} cfPsf] ;+3n] hgfPsf] 5 . g]kfn kl:dgf pBf]u ;+3sf cWoIf k'ikdfg >]i7n] clxn] g]kfnL kl:dgfsf] ^) k|ltzt lx:;f rLgn] cf]u6]sf] atfP . ut cfly{s jif{df sl/a ! ca{ %^ s/f]8sf] kl:dgf rLgdf dfq} lgof{t ePsf] pgsf] egfO 5 . cfkm\gf] Joj;foLn] nfut d"No kfPsf] / laqmLsf nflu vf;} d]xgt ug'{ gk/]sf sf/0f lrlgof“n] n}hfg'nfO{ gsf/fTds ¿kdf lnPsf 5}gg\ . …cGt/f{li6«o ahf/df n}hfFbf cg]sf}+ emGem6 a]xf]g'{k5{ t/ lrlgof“n] oxLF cfP/ n}hfg] ePsfn] ;lhnf] ePsf] 5 Ú pgn] eg] . g]kfnL v'b|f o;/L kl:dgf ahf/af6} laqmL xF'bf tYof+s ;+sngdf eg] ;d:of ePsf] Joj;foL atfp“5g\ . >]i7sf cg';f/ kl:dgfsf] jf:tljs ahf/ @ ca{eGbf a9L eP klg Jofkf/ tyf lgsf;L

k|j4{g s]Gb|sf] tYof+sdf ut jÈ{ @ ca{sf] dfq lgsf;L ePsf] pNn]v 5 . To;dWo] ! ca{ %^ s/f]8 a/fa/sf] lgsf;L rLgtkm{ g} ePsf] 5 . ;+3n] kl:dgf Joj;fosf] k|j4{g tyf lbuf] ljsf;sf nflu gub k|f]T;fxg, k'g{shf{, k|rf/k|;f/ tyf n]an nufOPsf j:t'nfO{ ljz]È ;'ljwf dfu ub}{ cfPsf] 5 . k|lt:kwL{ d'n'sdf pTkfbg nfuteGbf g]kfndf pTkfbg x'g] kl:dgfsf] nfut pRr ePsf] atfpFb} cWoIf >]i7n] l5d]sL d'n's;/x ;'ljwf kfP kl:dgfsf] ahf/ yk a9\g] bfaL u/] . ljZj ahf/df l56f]–l56f] x'g] km];g kl/jt{g;“u g]kfnL k/Dk/fut k|ljlwaf6 lgld{t kl:dgfn] k|lt:kwf{ ug{ g;s]sf] pgsf] egfO 5 . o;}u/L g]kfnL kl:dgfsf] ahf/ ef/t / o'/f]kn] L d'ns ' klg x'g\ . cg';f/ rLgn] Joj;foLsf cfw'lgs k|ljlwaf6 sd;n kl:dgf pTkfbg u/]/ cGt/f{li6«oahf/df k'¥ofpg] / ef/tn] g]kfnL eg]/ cfkm\g} pTkfbg a]Rg] u/]sfn] g]kfnL kl:dgfsf] ahf/ a9\g ;s]sf] 5}g . clxn] g]kfnL Joj;foLsf d'Vo k|lt:kwL{ d'n's

rLg / ef/t x'g\ . ;+3sf cg';f/ kl:dgf Joj;fodf lghL Ô]qsf] ^ ca{ nufgL 5 eg] # ;oeGbf a9L pBdL cfa4 5g\ . o;} Joj;foaf6 ;/sf/nfO{ jflÈ{s $) s/f]8 /fh:j a'emfp“b} cfPsf] ;+3sf] bfaL 5 . kl:dgf pBf]un] @) xhf/nfO{ /f]huf/L lbO/x]sf] hgfOPsf] 5 . s]xL ;docl3 g]kfnLsf] gSsn ub}{ l5d]sL d'n'sn] sd;n kl:dgf a]r]sf] kfPkl5 ;+3n] …Rof+uf| kl:dgfÚ gfds ;fd"lxs Jofkf/ lrÅg btf{ ul/;s]sf] 5 . kl:dgfnfO{ k|lt:kwL{ u/fpg ;+3n] g]kfnnufot $! /fi6«df ;fd"lxs Jofkf/ lrÅg btf{ ul/;s]sf] / % /fi6«df btf{ k|lqmof clGtd r/0fdf /x]sf] hgfPsf] 5 . ;g\ @))! df lrlgof“ kl:dgf cGt/f{li6«o ahf/df lgof{t x'g yfn]kl5 g]kfnL kl:dgfsf] ahf/ lg/Gt/ vl:sb} cfPsf] xf] . ;/sf/n] ;fj{hlgs u/]sf] g]kfn Jofkf/ PsLs[t /0fgLlt @)!) -Pg6LcfO{P;_ df ;d]t lgof{t Jofkf/df g]kfnnfO{ kmfObf x'g] j:t'dWo] kl:dgfnfO{ klg ;dfj]z u/]sf] 5 .

PnhL–@ :df6{kmf]g sf7df8f}+ . PnhLsf] gof“ :df6{kmf]g …PnhL hL–@Ú g]kfnL ahf/df cfPsf] 5 . PnhL df]afOnsf] g]kfnl:yt cflwsfl/s laqm]t ;LhL l8lh6nn] pQm :df6{kmf]g g]kfn leœofPsf] xf] . sDkgLn] d+unaf/ /fhwfgLdf kqsf/ ;Dd]ng u/L PnhL hL–@ :df6{kmf]g ;fj{hlgs u/]sf] 5 . o;sf] d"No &% xhf/ ?k}of“ /x]sf] 5 . g]kfnsf lk|ldod u|fxsnfO{ nlÔt u/L NofOPsf] o; :df6{kmf]gdf kl5Nnf ljsl;t k|ljlwx? k|of]u ul/Psf] sDkgLsf] bfaL 5 . :df6{kmf]g sfnf] / ;]tf] /ªdf pknAw 5 . PnhL–@ :df6{kmf]gdf %=@ OGrsf] km'n Pr8L l:qg /x]sf] 5 eg] @=@^ uLufxh{ Sjf8{ sf]/ k|f];];/sf] k|of]u ul/Psf] 5 . PG8«/f]O8 $=@=@ h]nLaLg ck/ ]l6ª l;i6dsf] o; :df6{kmf]gdf #@ hLaL OG6/gn d]df]/L / @ hLaL ¥ofd /x]sf] 5 eg] !# d]uf lkS;]n Sofd]/fsf] ;'ljwf;d]t /x]sf] 5 . cufl8 @=! d]uf lkS;]n Sofd]/f 5 .

;]~r'/Lsf] zfvf/lxt a}lsª alb{ofdf sf7df8f}+ . ;]~r'/L sdl;{on a}+sn] d+unaf/ Yfk ;]jf lj:tf/ ug{] qmddf alb{ofsf] df]tLk"/ uflj; * afF;u9L / sflnsf uflj; ^ af6 zfvf/lxt a}lsª

‘;a} ;b/d'sfddf jfOkmfO{ ;]jf lj:tf/ ul/g]5’

 cg'k/~hg e§/fO{ k|jGw lgb]{zs, g]kfn 6]lnsd

g]kfnsf] ;a}eGbf k'/fgf] b"/;~rf/ sDkgL g]kfn 6]lnsdn] bzf}+ jif{ k"/f u/L !! cf} jif{df k|j]z u/]sf] 5 . To;f] t g]kfn 6]lnsdsf] Oltxf; sl/a Ps ;o jif{ k'/fgf] 5 . tTsfnLg ;dodf b"/;~rf/ ;+:yfgsf ¿kdf k/Dk/fut b"/;~rf/ ;]jf k|bfg ub}{ cfPsf]df sDkgLsf kl/0ft ePkl5 ;]jfdf ljljws/0f ub}{ 6]lnsdn] nfdf] km8\sf] df/]sf] 5 . xfn;Ddsf] tYof+scg';f/ 6]lnsdsf] u|fxs cfwf/ ;+Vof ! s/f]8 k'u]sf] 5 . To;f] t 6]lnsd cem} klg lghL If]qsf b"/;~rf/ ;]jfk|bfo sDkgLh:tf] u'0f:t/Lo / ;j{;'ne ;]jf lbO{ k|lt:kwL{ ¿kdf cufl8 cfpg g;s]sf] u'gf;f] 5 . xfn} 6]lnsdsf] k|aGw lgb]{zssf] sfo{ef/ ;DxfNg'ePsf cg'k/~hg e§/fO{n] o:tf u'gf;fnfO{ Go"gLs/0f ub}{ hfg] ck]Iff ul/Psf] 5 . cGo ;/sf/L sd{rf/LeGbf l;h{gfTds / km/s sfo{z}nLsf sDkgLsf k|aGws lgb]{zs cg'k/~hg e§/fO{;Fu lxdfno 6fOD;sf n]vgfy kf]v/]nn] u/]sf] ;+lIfKt s'/fsfgLM

g]kfn g]kfnsf] k'/fgf] b"/;~rf/ sDkgL eP klg k/Dk/ft ¿kd} cl3 a9]sf sf/0fkl5 cfPsf] lghL If]qn] pl5g]sf] 5 . k|lt:kwL{¿kdf cl3 a9\g] of]hgf s] 5 < lghL If]qn] pl5lg;s]sf] eGg t gldNnf . lsgeg] ;/sf/n] xfn}dfq ;a}eGbf a9L /fh:j a'emfpg] sDkgLsf ¿kdf ;Ddflgt u/]sf] 5 . k|lt:kwf{sf] s'/f ubf{ klg g]kfn 6]lnsd hlQsf] ef}lts ;+/rgf c¿ sDkgLx¿sf] 5}g . xfd|f] hqf] pkl:ylt c¿ ;]jf k|bfos b"/;~rf/ sDkgLsf] 5}g . To;}n] klg xfdL b"/;~rf/ If]qdf cu|0fL e"ldsf v]Ng ;S5f}+ eGg] dnfO{ ljZjf; 5 . ;]jfdf u'0f:t/Lotf ePg eGg] u'gf;f] klg 5 lg < u'0f:t/Lo ;]jfs} nflu xfdLn] k"/} g]6sj{nfO{ k"/fgf pks/0fnfO{ lj:yflkt ub}{ gofF pks/0f h8fg ug]{ sfd eO/x]sf] 5 . clxn] sf7df8f}+ pkTofsfsf] l/ª/f]8leq k"/fgf] pks/0f lj:yflkt eO;s]sf] 5 . yk %) 7fpF gofF 6fj/ /fv]kl5 sf7df8f}+sf] df]jfOn ;]jf w]/} /fd|f] x'g]5 . To;f] t clxn] klg s]xL ;ftfb]lv sn ;S;]; /]6 lgs} ;'lw|Psf] 5 . klxn] qmlds ¿kdf pkTofsfjflx/ klg k"/fgf pks/0fnfO{ lj:yflkt ub}{ n}hfg] sfo{qmd 5 . ljutdf vf;} ultljlw gug]{ 6]lnsddf oxfFn] g]tT[ j ;Dxfn];uF cltl/Qm lqmofsnfk a9]sf] 5 lg <

/fhwfgL tyf /fhwfgLaflx/ k|d'v zx/ / ;a} lhNnf ;b/d'sfddf jfOkmfO{ ;]jf / sf7df8f}+df kmfOj/ 6' xf]d ;]jf lj:tf/ ug]{ qmddf 5f}+ . o;df b'O{j6f s'/f 5, Pp6f ;fdflhs pQ/bfloŒj k"/f ug]{ / csf]{ u|fxsaLr cem} nf]slk|o x'g] g} ;f]rfO xf] . o;n] g]kfn 6]lnsdsf ;]jfdf u|fxsnfO{ cem} glhs agfp5 . of] jif{eGbf csf]{ jif{ cltl/Qm lqmofsnfk a9\g]5 . dlxnf :jf:Yo :jo+;]ljsfnfO{ lgMz'Ns l;d ljt/0f ug]{ ePsf 5f}+, lsgeg] ufpF –ufpFdf :jf:y ;]jf k|bfg ug{ :jod;]jLsfsf] dxŒjk"0f{ of]ubfg u/]sf] 5 . o;k6s pgLx¿nfO{ @) xhf/ l;dsf8{ lgMz'Ns ljt/0f ug]{ 5f}+ . of] ;kmn eof] eg] cfufdL lbgdf cGo :jf:y :jo+;]jLsfx¿nfO{ klg lgMz'Ns ;Ld ljt/0f sfo{qmdnfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbOg]5 . oxfFaf6 ;/sf/sf ;fy} ;]jfu|fxLn] klg w]/} ck]Iff u/]sf 5g\, cfkm\gf] sfo{sfndf 6]lnsdnfO{ s;/L cl3 n}hfg] ;f]r agfpg'ePsf] 5 < u|fxssf] dfucg';f/sf] ;]jfnfO{ ljljwLs/0f ub}{ hfg'k5{ eGg] xfd|f] dfGotf /x]sf] 5 . u|f| xsn] Pp6f vf]Hg], xfdLn]

csf]{ lbP/ x'Fb}g . ;do kl/jt{g;Fu u|fxsx¿nfO{ EjfO; ;]jfn]dfq} k'Ub}g, pgLx¿ ;fdflhs ;~hfndf /dfpg rfxG5g\ . To;}n] pgLx¿sf] rfxgfcg';f/ km];a's, o'6o'j, efOa/, 6\jL6/nufotsf 8f6f ;]jfdf s]lGb|t eP/ g]sjs{ ;]jf lj:tf/ ub}{5f}+ . u|fxsn] Pp6f vf]Hg] xfdLn] csf]{ lbP/ x'Fb}g . cGo of]hgf s] s] 5g\ < /fhwfgL tyf /fhwfgLaflx/ k|d'v zx/ / ;a} lhNnf ;b/d'sfddf jfOkmfO{ ;]jf / sf7df8f}+df kmfOj/ 6' xf]d ;]jf lj:tf/ ug]{ qmddf 5f}+ . ljutdf g]kfn 6]lnsddf ;/sf/L sfof{nox¿sf] aSof}tf ;d:ofsf ¿kdf /xg] u/]sf] lyof], clxn]

rflxF cj:yf s:tf] 5 < ljutdf Nof08nfOg 6]lnkmf]gdfq} b"/;~rf/sf] d'Vo ljsNksf ¿kdf /x]sf]df clxn] Tof] cj:yf 5}g . clxn] lk|k]8 df]jfOnsf] afx'Notf /x]sf]n] klg ;/sf/L sfof{nox¿df ljutsf] h:tf] w]/} aSof}tf 5}g .

;]jf ;'? u/]sf] 5 . a}sn] o;cl3 s]/faf/L, lqe'jgj:tL, lb+unf, rf}dfnf / u?8af6 Zffvf/lxt a}lsª ;]jf klg k|bfg Ufb} cfPsf] 5.

afnsf]6df Dofb gf3]sf] vfBfGg sf7df8f}+, df3 @! -6f;_ . dWok'/ l7dLl:y If]q / afnsf]6df Dofb gf3]sf cvfB j:t'sf] laqmL ePsf] km]nfk/]sf] 5 . jfl0fHo tyf cfk"lt{ Joj:yfkg ljefun] d+unaf/ u/]sf] ahf/ cg'udgsf qmddf ;f] If]qdf Dofb gf3]sf vfBfGg laqmL u/]sf] e]6]sf] xf] . ljefun] s[i0f :6f]/, sflnsf :6f]/, ljSsL sf]N8 :6f]/, cf/P; :6f]/, zf]ef :6f]/, km]dnL u|f];/L, Go" Zofd :6f]/ / sflnd]/f df6{df cg'udg u/]sf] lyof] . pNn]lvt k;nn] Dofb gf3]sf vfBfGg laqmL ug'{sf ;fy} d"No;"rL tyf ;fOgaf]8{ g/fv]sf], Koflsª ;fdu|Ldf n]jn g/fv]sf], Joj;fo btf{, Kofg btf{, gfktf}n btf{ gu/]sf] km]nf k/]sf] hgfPsf] 5 . ljefun] Dofb gf3]sf vfBfGg hkmt u/L u/]sf] 5 .

k"jf{~rn Jofkf/ d]nf sf7df8f}+, df3 @! -6f;_ . oxL df3 @$ af6 k"jf{~rn cf}Bf]lus, Jofkf/, s[lif tyf ko{6g Jofkf/ d]nf x'g] ePsf] 5 . jfl0fHo tyf cfk"lt{ dGqfno, g]kfn pBf]u jfl0fHo dxf;+3 / d]rL pBf]u jfl0fHo dxf;+3n]sf] cfof]hgfdf emfkfsf] w'nfaf/Ldf x'g] d]nf kmfu'g # ut];Dd ;~rfng x'g5] . dxf]T;jdf lrof, cld|;f], cn}r F L, cb'jf, ;'kf/L, b}lgs pkef]Uo j:t', 3/]n' ;fdu|L, lgdf{0f ;dfu|L, x:tsnfsf kmlg{r/, hl8a'6L, pTkfbg, cf}ifwLhGo pkhsf] k|bz{g tyf Jofkf/ ul/g]5 .

x'j]O{sf gofF :df6{kmf]g sf7df8f}+ . lrlgofF df]jfOn x'j]O{sf] g]kfnl:yt cflwsfl/s laqm]tf sn df]laln6L k|flnn] P;]G6 ;]l/hsf rf/ gofF :df6{ kmf]g g]kfnL ahf/df leœofPsf] xf] . sDkgLn] kL -^, hL_ &)),hL_ -^!)_ / jfO{ %!!_ kmf]g g]kfndfd NofPsf] xf] . g]kfnl:yt lrlgofF /fhb"t j' r'GtfO{ / g]kfn 6]lnsddf k|aGw lgb{]zs cg'k/~hg e§/fO{n] x'j]O{sf gofF :df6{ kmf]g ;fj{hlgs u/] . P;]08 kL -^_ / hL -&))_ sf] vl/bdf u|fxsnfO{ An'6'y x]8;]6 pkxf/:j¿k k|bfg ug{] sDkgLn] hgfPsf] 5 . sDkgLn] 6]lnsd;Fusf] ;f´]bf/Ldf x'j]O{sf l;l8PdP÷Olel8of] :df6{kmf]g, 6\ofAn]6 tyf df]jfOn a|f]8AofG8 ul/b ubf{ Ps jif{ l;Q}df OG6/g]6 ;'ljwf pknAw u/fpg] 3f]if0ff;d]t u/]sf] 5 . ;fy} sDkgLn] Go'/f]8 cf]nf On]S6f] d]sflgS; gfds ljz]if PS:k]l/oG; hf]gsf] klg z'ef/De u/]sf] 5 . g]kfndf x'jfO{n] g]kfn 6]lnsd, Pg;]n / o'l6Pn;Fu ;xsfo{ ub{} cfPsf] 5 .

Pg;]nsf] cglnld6]8 OG6/g]6Kofs sf7df8f}+ . lghL If]qsf] df]jfOn ;]jf k|bfos sDkgL Pg;]nn] cglnld6]8 OG6/g]6 Kofs NofPsf] 5 . Pg;]nn] dlxgfsf #) ;} lbg OG6/g]6 ;]jf pknAw u/fpg] eGb} cglnld6]8 Kofs NofPsf] hgfPsf] 5 . df3 @@ ut]af6 nfu" x'g] of] OG6/g]6 Kofs]hdfcGtu{t k|of]ustf{n] s/afx]s ^ ;o (( ?k}ofF z'Nsdf Ps lhaL 8]6f eNo'dsf] #) lbg] cglnld6]8 OG6/g]6 kfpg]5g\ . of] Kofs]hsf k|of]ustf{n] Kofs /x'~h]n y|LhLsf] ultdf OG6/g]6 k|of]u ug{ kfpg]5g\ eg] To;kl5 #@ s]ljlkP;sf] OG6/g]6 ;'ljwf lgMz'Ns kfpFg]5g\ . s'g} u|fxsn] Ps lhaL ef]No'dsf] cglnld6]8 Kofs lnP/ pQm Kofs !% lbgd} ;lsPdf yk !% lbg #@ s]ljlkP;sf] OG6/g]6 pknAw

u/fpg] sDkgLn] hgfPsf] 5 . of] of]hgf df]jfOndf OG6/g]6 k|of]u ug{]sf nfludfq nfu" x'g]5 . Pg;]nsf pkef]Qmfn] *!&!@%# gDa/ 8fon u/L cglnld6]8 OG6/g]6 ;'ljwf k|of]u ug{ ;Sg]5g\ . Pg;]nn] cglnld6]8 OG6/g]6 k|of]ustf{sf nflu % lhaL, !) lhaL Kofs klg pknAw /x]sf] hgfPsf] 5 .


cy{÷jfl0fHo

k"jf{~rn dxf]T;j ;'? 6fOD; ;+jfbbftf sf7df8f}+, df3 @! . cy{dGqL z+s/k|;fb sf]O/fnfn] d'n'se/ x'g] d]nf / dxf]T;j cfly{s ;d[l4sf] ;"rs ePsf] atfPsf 5g\ . k"jf{~rn dxf]T;jsf] O6x/Ldf pb\3f6g ub}{ dGqL sf]O/fnfn] hglgjf{lrt ;/sf/;Fu} d'n's cfly{s sfo{ ;"rLdf k|j]z ug]{ bfaL u/] . jt{dfg ;/sf/n] nufgLsf nflu plrt jftfj/0f agfPsf] lhls/ ub}{ dGqL sf]O/fnfn] ;/sf/ cljlR5Gg pQ/flwsf/ k|fKt lgsfo ePsfn] cfufdL lbgdf ;'wf/n] yk ult lng] atfP . pgn] cf}Bf]lus, Jofkfl/s / ;x/Ls/0fsf] s]Gb|ljGb' O6x/Lsf] eljZo ;'/lIft ug{ /+uzfnf / k|bz{gL s]Gb| :yfkgfsf nflu ;3fpg] k|ltj4tf;d]t hgfP .

g]kfn pBf]u jfl0fHo dxf;+3sf k"j{ cWoIf rl08/fh 9sfnn] 7"nf] ;+Vofdf ljb]lzg] o'jfzlQm /f]Sg g;lsP g]kfn ljb]zL pTkfbg laqmLsf] ynf] aGg] vt/f /x]sf] atfP . lsdfyf+sf;Dd hf]8\g] sf]zL /fhdfu{sf] lgdf{0f;Fu} O6x/Lsf] eljZo ;'Gb/ /x]sf] pgsf] egfO lyof] . dxf;+3sf pkfWoIf k|bLkh+u kf08]n] ;/sf/n] phf{

ljsf;sf nflu ;a}eGbf a9L ah]6 ljlgof]hg u/] klg @) k|ltzt klg sfof{Gjog gx'g' b'vb ePsf] atfP . Psflt/ cfoft lgof{tsf] vf8nn] d'n'ssf] cfly{s cj:yf rf}k6 aGb} hfg' / csf{lt/ cf}Bf]lus jftfj/0f vNalng] kl/l:yltn] Joj;foL c;'/lIft aGb} uPsf] pgsf] egfO lyof] .

;f] cj;/df pBf]u jfl0fHo ;+3sf If]qLo ;efklt lszf]/ k|wfg, ;+3sf O6x/L cWoIf /f]lxt k|;fO{+nufotn] k"jf{~rnsf] cfly{s ljsf;sf nflu ug'{kg]{ sfdsfaf/] rrf{ u/]sf lyP . ;Eo gful/s xfd|f] klxrfg, Knfli6s emf]nf/lxt xfd|f] cleofg eGg] gf/f ;fy ;'? ePsf] dxf]T;j kmfu'g % ut];Dd rNg]5 .

c;lnsf] k"jf{wf/df ;xof]u ug{ ;fwf/0f;ef a]nfot;Fu cfu|x 6fOD; ;+jfbbftf sf7df8f}+, df3 @! . cleefjs ;xsf/L ;dfh lnld6]8-c;ln_ sf] !^ cf}+ jflif{s ;fwf/0f;ef ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . c;lnsf cWoIf jL/]Gb|dfg >]i7sf] ;dfkltTjdf ;DkGg ;fwf/0f;efdf ;b:odWo]af6 ^ hgfnfO{ lga[lQe/0f, !# hgfnfO{ jl/i7 cleefjs ;Ddfg, * hgfnfO{ 5fqa[lQ / sd{rf/Lx?nnfO{ k'/:sf/;lxt ;Ddfg ul/Psf] lyof] . ;fy} ;+:yfn] gofF ;~rfns ;ldlt;d]t rog u/]sf] 5 . ( ;b:oLo ;~rfns ;ldltsf cWoIfdf jL/]Gb|dfg >]i7. pkfWoIfdf d5]Gb| zd;]/ /f0ff, ;lrjdf w|'as'df/ sfsL{ / sf]iffWoIfdf z'qmnfn >]i7 /x]sf 5g\ . ;b:ox?df qmdzM dl0f/Tg zfSo, o'j/fh /fhsl0f{sf/, /fh]Gb|dfg 8+uf]n, >LdtL rl08sf l;+x / ls/0f/fHo nIdL /f0ff /x]sf] ;+:yfn] hgfPsf] 5 .

/fhwfgLsf pBf]u wflbªdf ;fg{ ;'emfj 6fOD; ;+jfbbftf sf7df8f}+, df3 @! . ;/sf/sf Ps pRr clwsf/Ln] /fhwfgLsf pBf]ux¿ 3flbªdf ;fg'kg]{ ;'emfj lbPsf 5g\ . pBf]u jfl0fHo ;+3 wflbªåf/f cfof]lht gf} lbg] a[xt\ s[lif, ko{6g tyf cf}Bf]lus Jofkf/ d]nf wflbªsf] 5}6f}+ lbg k|wfgdGqL tyf dlGqkl/ifb\ sfof{nosf ;lrj s[i0fxl/ af:sf]6fn o:tf] ;'emfj lbPsf x'g\ . ;lrj af:sf]6fn] …s[lif, pBf]u / ko{6gsf] Jofks ;Defjgf, ;d[4 wflbª xfd|f] kl/sNkgf’ ljifos cGtlq{mofdf wflbªsf] ljsf;sf nflu ljljw ;'emfj k|:t't u/]sf lyP .;lrj af:sf]6fn] wflbªsf] ;du| ljsf;sf nflu ^ ;o d]ufjf6sf] hnzfoo'Qm

a'9Lu08sL hnljB't\ cfof]hgfdf tTsfn} nufgL h'6fpg'kg]{ / /;'jfu9L–lqz'nL–uN5L x'Fb} 7f]6Lsf] k|:tfljt ef/t / rLg hf]8\g] ;a}eGbf 5f]6f] b"/Lsf] /fhdfu{ lgdf{0fdf h'6L uN5L If]qnfO{ 6«flGh6 KjfOG6sf ¿kdf ljsf; ul/g'kg]{ atfP . pgsf cg';f/ lqz"nL gbLdf ;~rflnt ;jf{lws 7"nf] If]qsf] ;+/If0fsf nflu d]3f k|f]h]S6sf] ¿kdf ko{6g ljsf; ug'{kg]{ klg pgsf] ;'emfj 5 . To:t} wflbªdf :n6{/ xfp; :yfkgf u/L sf7df8f}+leq lhpFbf] df;'hGo hgfj/sf] k|j]z /f]s nufpg'kg{ klg pgn] atfP . sf7df8f}+df /x]sf pBf]ux¿ wflbªdf ;'ljwf;lxt :yfGt/0f u/L

wflbªnfO{ cf}Bf]lus lhNnfdf ¿kfGtl/t ug{ ;lsg] pgsf] ;'emfj lyof] . PnkL Uof; Knf06nufot sf7df8f}+sf s]Gb|Lo ;]jf pBf]ux¿ wflbª d} /xg'kg]{df hf]8 lbFb} ;lrj af:sf]6fn] wflbªdf tTsfn} kf]nL6]lSgsn ;]G6/ v8f ug{ / ;xsf/Lsf] k|lzIf0f s]Gb| :yfkgf ug{ ;/sf/n] nufgL ug{;Sg] atfP . pgn] lqz"nL gbLsf] jfofFlt/ k[YjL/fhdfu{ ;~rfngdf /x]sf]df ;f] gbLsf] afofFtkm{ klg b'O{ n]gsf] sfnf]kq] ;8s lgdf{0f u/L gbLsf 7fpF7fpFdf k'n xfnL wflbªsf] ;d[[l4nfO{ phfu/ ug'{kg]{ atfPs . wflbªdf y'k|} 6f/x¿ /x]sf] pNn]v ub}{ pgn] 6f/df ;fgf / demf}nf

@)&) df3 @@, a'waf/ | Wednesday, 5 February, 2014

l;FrfOsf dfWodåf/f pRr d"Nosf vfBfGg pTkfbg ug{ ;lsg] atfP . sf7df8f}+sf] sflndf6L t/sf/L ahf/df @) k|ltzt xl/of] t/sf/L k7fpg] lhNnf wflbªdf pTkflbt uf]ne]8faf6 s]rk pBf]u, :s'; / km;L{af6 hfd pBf]u, pv'sf] /;af6 h'; pBf]u, cb'jfsf] ;'7f] agfpg] pBf]unufotsf d"Noj[l4 k4ltdf hfg'kg]{df pgsf] hf]8 lyof] . sf7df8f}+ k|j]z ug]{ gfsf wflbªdf plrt d"No / u'0f:t/Lo vfgf v'jfpg] /]06'/fn] ljZjf; cfh{g ug{ ;s] ;]jf Jofkf/af6} lhNnf pef] nfUg] ;lrj af:sf]6sf] wf/0ff lyof] . pgn] sf7df8f}+jf;LnfO{ s]lGb|t u/L xf]d :6] ;~rfng ug{ ;lsg] klg atfP .

sf7df8f},+ df3 @! . ;/sf/n] hnljB't,\ k"jf{wf/ / cfly{s ljsf;sf] If]qdf ;xof]u clej[l4 ug{ a]nfot;Fu cfu|x u/]sf] 5 . k//fi6«dGqL dfwjk|;fb l3ld/]n] g]kfnsf] e|d0fdf /x]sf a]nfotsf cGt/f{li6«o ljsf;;DaGwL /fHodGqL Png 8+sg;Fu k//fi6« dGqfnodf ePsf] e]6jftf{df g]kfnsf] cfly{s j[l4df d2t k'Ug] If]qdf ;xof]u ug{ cfu|x u/]sf x'g\ . a}7skl5 /f;;;Fu s'/f ub}{ dGqL l3ld/]n] g]kfn ;/sf/n] lgwf{/0f u/]sf] k|fyldstf k|fKt kl/of]hgfsf ;fy} /f]huf/Lsf cj;/ l;h{gf x'g] ljsf;–lgdf{0fsf If]qdf a]nfotL nufgL leœofpg] ljifodf ljrf/÷ljdz{ ePsf] atfP . cfkm"x¿aLr g]kfn–a]nfot ;DaGw / cfk;L lxtsf ljljw kIfdf 5nkmn x'g'sf ;fy} b'O{ d'n'saLr s"6gLlts ;DaGw :yfkgfsf] låztjflif{sL af/]df klg ljrf/ cfbfgk|bfg ePsf] pgn] hfgsf/L lbP . a]nfotL dGqLn] ;+ljwfg;efsf] lgjf{rg zflGtk"0f{ ¿kdf ;DkGg eO{ g]kfn /fhgLlts :yfloŒjtkm{ pGd'v ePsfdf k|;Ggtf k|s6 ub}{ ca ;a}sf] Wofg cfly{s ljsf;df s]lGb|t x'g'kg]{ wf/0ff JoQm u/]sf] dGqL l3ld/]n] atfP . /f;;_

!!

g]kfn :6s PS:r]Gh lnld6]8 df3 @!, @)&) -km]a|'c/L %, @)!$_ qm=;+= 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111

sDkgLsf] gfd P; 8]= j}+s ln= s[lif ljsf; a}s ln= c?0f EofnL xfO8f] kfj/ PnfOG; OG:of]= s= ln= cNkfOg 8] a}s ln= Pl;og nfOkm OG:of}/]G; sf] = ln= Pk]S; 8]enkd]G6 a}s ln= c/lgsf] 8]= a}s nL afudtL 8]= j}+s ln= j}+s cfkm sf7df8f}+ a'6jn kfj/ sf] ljZj ljsf; j}+s ln= ljhg]; o'lge;{n 8]]= a}s nL= l5d]s n3' ljQ ljsf; j}=s ln= l;6L 8]enkd]G6 a}s ln= lSng OghL{ 8]enkd]G6 j}+s ln= lrlnd] xfO8«f]kfj/ s+= sG6«L 8]= j}+s ln= l;l6hg; a}s OG6/g]:gn ln= l8k|f]S; 8]= j}+s Pe/]i6 j}+s ln= km]jfkmfOgfG; ln= kmp6 dfOqmf] kmfOgfG; ln= ul/df ljsf; a}s ln= u'/f;nfOkm OG:of]= u|08 a}s g]kfn ln= uf}/L z+s/ 8]= a}=s ln= xdf dr]{G6 PG8 kmfOgfG; ln= Pr P08 aL 8]enkd]G6 a}s nL lxdfnog j}+s ln= lxdfnog lhg OG:of]= sf] ln= cfO ;L Pkm ;L kmfOggfG; ln+ Ogkmf:6sr/ 8]enkd]G6 a}+s ln= OG6/g]Zgn lnlhª P08 kmfOgfG; ln= OG6/g]Zgn 8]enkd]G6 a}s ln= Hof]lt ljsf; j}+s ln= hgtf j}+s g]kfn ln= hfgsL kmfOgfG; ln= sf:sL kmfOgfG; ln+ s}nfz ljsf; a}s nL= s'df/L a}s nL= sfi7d08k 8] a}s ln= lsi6 a}s ln= sGsfO ljsf; a}s ln= nIdL a}s ln= n'lDagL kmfOgfG; ln n'lDagL hg/n OG:of]= nfOkm OG:of]/]G; sf]= g]kfn dxfsfnL ljsf; j}s ln= df5fk'R5|] j}+s ln= ldt]/L 8]enkd]G6 a}+s ln= dNnLsf ljsf; j}+ sln= d]uf a}+s g]kfn ln= d]6«f] 8]= j}+s ln= dxfnIdL kmfOgf:; ln= d'lQmgfy ljsf; a}s ln= g]kfn ;]jf kmfOgfG; ln= g]lan j}+s ln= g]kfn a+nfb]z j}+s ln= gljn Jofn]G; km08–! g]kfn j}+s ln= gd:t] ;+:yf ln= g]kfn qm]l86 PG8 sf]= j}+s g]zgn xfO8«f] kfj/ sf]= g]kfn Oge]i6d]G6 a}s ln= Pg cfO ;L Pl;of a}s ln= g]kfn OG:of]= sf]= ln= g]?4 ne'ljQ ljsf; j}+s ln= PgPn hL OG:of]= s= ln= g]kfn nfOkm OG;f]/]G; ln= Pg Pd aL j}+s ln= g]kfn b'/;~rf/ s+= ln= lg/wg pyfg ljsf; j}s ln= cf]d kmfOgfG; ln= cf]/]G6n xf]6n ln= k|fOd sdl;{on a}s ln= kAnL; 8]= j}+s ln= k|'8]G6n OG:of}/]G; sf]= kf]v/f kmfOgfG; ln= k'|8gl6on OG:of]= s= ln= k|fOd nfOkm OG:of}/]G; s+= ln= k|e' ljsf; a}s nL= k|km]Zgn lbofnf] ljsf; a}s nL= k'l0f{df ljsf; j}+s ln= ?/n dfOs|f] kmfOgfG; ;flgdf a}+s ln= g]kfn P; la cfO{ l;bfy{ a}s ln= :6\of08{8 rf6{/ j}+s ln= l;bfy{ 8]= j}=s ln= ;]jf ljsf; a}s ln= ;fOg /];'+uf 8]= a}s nL ;f]N6L xf]6n ln= ;fgLdfO xfO8«f]kfj/ ln= ;u/dfyf OG:of}/]G; sf] ln= lzv/ OG:of}}/]G; sf] ln= l;4fy{ Oge]:6d]06 u|f]y :sLd ! l;4fy{ OG:;f]/]G; ln= ;fgf ls;fg ljsf; a}}s ln= :jf/f]huf/ n3' ljQ ljsf; j}+s ln= ;"o{ nfOkm OG:of}]/]G; s ln ;u/dfyf d]r]{G6 j}+sl+ sª ;'j]R5f ljsf; j}+s ln= ;'lk|d 8]enkd]G6 a}+s ln= 6'l/Hd 8]= j}+s ln= ltgfp 8]= j}+s ln= o'lgs kmfOgfG; ln= o'gfO6]8 OG:ff] sf]= -g]fkn_ ln= leaf]/ ljsf; j}+s ln= j:6«g 8]= j}+s ln= h]lgy kmfOgfG; ln=

s"n sf/f]af/ /sd s"n ;]o/ sf/f]af/ s"n sf/f]af/

M M M

clwstd Go"gtd clGtd km/s 203

203

203 -4

499

481

499

656

635

650 10

500

492

500

-1

165

162

165

0

710

688

705

5

145

141

145

0

0

118

114

117

-1

108

106

108

4

576

562

570 -9

1,260

1,240

1,245 -25

230

226

228 -5

149

146

148

0

880

858

880

5

371

345

364 18

266

256

256 -5

1,503

1,480

1,492 -7

114

113

113

470

448

460

1

882

865

865

0

2,100

2,060

2,080

5

318

312

312

0 1

-3

526

526

526

290

280

285 -4

385

360

385 12

300

276

290

5

140

134

140

0

106

102

104

0

74

70

74

4 0

870

870

870

459

444

459 23

218

215

215 -5

110

105

107

247

244

247

3

136

128

133

4

2

143

139

141 -4

295

280

285

287

272

272 -20

0

151

149

151

-1

279

279

279

5

562

545

549

7

105

101

102

-3

230

222

230

9

138

136

138

4

505

498

500

3

218

218

218

4

375

363

363 -13

2,575

2,540

2,540 -10

191

191

191

462

434

453 11

368

368

368 -7

172

172

172

443

430

436

1

229

225

229

8

0

-3

218

210

218 12

525

505

525 10

135

127

133

2,020

2,000

2,015

6

630

601

618

5

0288

92651

11.75

0

339

331

335

0

224

224

224

4

434

417

427 -8

86

82

84

940

924

935

5

779

750

779

4

8

-1

632

620

632 11

1,350

1,323

1,323 -27

715

700

715 24

3,710

3,690

3,690 -35

402

380

396 13

679

664

679 17

1,023

948

1,023 93

314

314

314

349

325

343 12

485

451

472

3

75

75

75

1

138

138

119

119

119

363

343

343 -27

-6

138 -2

2

530

520

521

1

248

243

248

3

136

125

125 -13

154

151

154

850

825

850 25

3

500

485

496 11

1,025

1,006

1,025 25

575

568

1,941

1,890

568

-3

1,941 34

84

84

84

228

226

226 -4

1

399

370

399 36

340

340

340

-6

499

452

494

-6

1,161

1,160

1,161

1

1,040

1,005

1,010 10

92651

814697

383

376

1,060

1,025

1,030

5

886

852

875

6

420

415

420 11

435

416

430

-1

158

158

158

-3

110

103

106

0

162

155

162

9

173

170

173

-3

109

109

109 -2

408

395

407 17

114

110

114

210

187

210 17

144

141

143

213,539,702 665,989 2,134

12.7

0

376 -14

2 0


!@

lh=k|=sf=b=g+= !$@–)%!÷%@, d=If]=x'=lg=b=g+= )%&÷%*

@)&) df3 @@, a'waf/ | Wednesday, 5 February, 2014

;f+:s[lts pT;jdf snf ;fws ;Ddflgt

d+unaf/ ;b/d'sfd r}gk'/df cfof]lht ;f+:s[lts pT;jdf ;xefuLx¿ . /fh]Gb l;+x aemfª . g]kfn ;+uLt tyf gf6\o k|1f k|lti7fgåf/f d+unaf/ aemfªsf] ;b/d'sfd r}gk'/df cfof]lht ljljw sfo{qmd;lxt ;f+:s[lts pT;jdf :yfgLo # snf ;fws ;Ddflgt ePsf 5g\ . ;'b/" klZrdfc~rnsf] ;+:s[ltnfO{ nf]s tyf b]p8f uLtdfkm{t\ b]z ljb]z;Dd lrfgfpg ;kmn :yfgLo nf]s ufos gGbs[i0f hf];L, / b]p8f ufos g/]Gb| /fh u

/]UdL, z}lIfs If]qsf k|v/{ Pj+ lhNnf :sfp6sf ;+of]hs u0f]z hf]zL -lzIffk|d] L_ nfO{{ pT;jdf k|lti7fgn] gut k'/:sf/;lxt ;Ddfg u/]sf] xf] . k|1f k|lti7fg, g[To ljefu, tyf nf]s ;+uLt ljefusf] ;xof]u Pj+ lhNnf :sfp6 sfof{noåf/f ;+of]lht pQm ;f:s[lts pT;jdf g]kfn k|lti7fg ljefusf k|1f o1/fh pkfWofo, nf]s ;+uLt

t:jL/ M /fh]Gb|÷lx6f ljefusL k|1f / nf]s uflosf sljtf cfn], / g[To ljefu k|d'v k|1f Pj+ rlr{t gflosf ldlynf zdf{, b]p8f snfsf/ jL/]Gb| lji6nufPtsf jl/i7 snfsf/ x?sf] pkl:ylt /x]sf] lyof] . g]kfn snf k|lti7fg ljefusf k|1f o1/fh pkfWofon] b'/ b/fhdf n's]sf] snf ;+:s[ltnfO{ phfu/ ug{ oxfFsf snf ;fws >4f / ;|i6fx?sf] ljif]z e"ldsf

/x]sf] x'Fbf snf ;fwsnfO{ ;Ddfg ul/Psf] hfgsf/L lbP . ;f+:s[lts pT;jdf dGtJo lbFb} nf]s ;+uLt ljefusL k|1f Pj+ nf]s uflosf sljtf cfn]n] lhNnfsf] ;f+:s[lt ;+/If0f ug{ / cf]em]ndf k/]sf] ;'b"/klZrdsf] l;+uf] ;+:s[lt k|j{4g u/L efjL k':tfnfO{ x:tfGt/0f u/fpg ;f+:s[lts pT;jsf] 7"nf] e"ldsf /xg] atfOg\ . ;f+:s[lts pT;j x]g{ clg snfsf/x?nfO{ ;Ddfg ug{ ufpFufpFaf6 afhf ufhf, emfqmL;lxt dfG5]sf] ;b/d'sfddf 7"nf] eL8 nfu]sf] lyof] . pT;j x]g{ ;b/d'sfd cfPsf xhf/f+} bz{sx?sf] aLr r}gk'/ / x]dGtaf8f uflj; af;Ln] e:;f] v]n k|bz { g u/]sf 5g\ eg] sfF8f, bf}lnrf}/ sf6}, ;'df{, ;}gk;]nf uflj;sf dlxnfx?n] dfun, kmfu, 9':sf ;d]t ufPsL 5g\ . k|lti7fgsf sd{rf/L Pj+ k|1fx?nfO{ lhNnf :sfp6 sfof{non] :yfgLo :t/df lgld{Q pkxf/ :j¿k ljleGg ;fd|uLx? ljt/0f u/]sf] 5 . afhfufhf;lxt dlxnf k'?if b]p8f, eftf]{ gfr, x'8s]pnL gfr, rfnL, b]p8f, 7f8Lefsf h:tf ljljw ;f+:s[lts sfo{qmdsf ;fy pT;j ;DkGg ePsf] 5 .

$$ jif{sL ;bfaxf/ cleg]qL sf7df8f+} . sl/:df dfgGw/n] rnlrq clegodf tLg bzssf cjlw kf/ ul/g\ xf]nf . t/klg pgsf] ;f}Gbo{ clxn] klg plQs} 5 . To;}n] klg plg rnlrq If]qdf ;baxf/ cleg]qLsf ¿kdf lrlglG5g\ . g]kfnL rnlrq If]qdf ;bfaxf/ cleg]qLsf] ¿kdf /xg ;kmn Ps dfq cleg]qL sl/:dfsf] cfh cyf{t d+unaf/ hGd lbg k/]sf] 5 . x'g t gflosfx?sf] hGd lbg yfxf x'G5 t/ sltof} eGg] yfxf x'Fb}g . t/ sl/:dfsf] xsdf eg] of] nfu" ePg . cfh pgsf] $$cf+} hGd lbg xf] . g]kfnL snfIf]qdf ;Gtfg rnlrqaf6 gfoLsfsf] ?kdf k|a]z u/]sL sl/idfn] cfkm\gf] hGdlbgdf s'g} laz]È sfo{qmd klg /fvLgg\ . >Ldfg lagf]b dfgGw/ / 5f]/L sljtfsf] hGdlbgnfO{ eJo ?kdf ;]lna|];g ug{] sl/idfn] lsg cfkm\gf] hGdlbg dgfpg Tolt ?lr /fVbLg\ t < …d]/f] cfkm\gf eg]s} lagf]b / sa' x'g\ .Ú sl/idfn] elgg\, …To;}n] plgx?sf] hGd lbg eAo dgfpbf dnfO{ v';L nfU5 .Ú cfkm\gf] hGd lbg eg] ;]lna|];g ug{ Tolt dg gnfUg] pgn] v'nfOg\ . cfh cfkm\gf] ;f;'cfdf n08gaf6 cfpg] ePsfn] kl/jf/;“u a;]/ s]xL /dfO{nf] ug]{ d'8 eg] pgn] agfPsf] ;'gfOg\ . s]xL ;do otf rnlrqdf gfoLsf eGbf klg rl/q cleg]qLsf ?kdf / Do'lhs le8Lof]df df]8nsf /kdf b]lvb} cfPsL sl/idfn] rnlrq lgdf{0fdf klg xft xfn]sL lyOg\ . t/ lgdf{0f u/]sf] s'g} klg rnlrqn] clego hlt ;kmntf eg] lbnfpg ;s]g pgnfO{ . lgdf{0f gkmfk] klg lgb{]zg ug{] ;f]r eg] pgsf] dgdf 5 . elG5g\, …/fd|f] :s[K6 kfP ca rnlrq lgb{]zg ug{] ;f]r ddf 5 .Ú clegonfO{ yftL /fv]/ sl/idfn] s]xL aif{ cd]/Lsf klg latfPsL lyOg\ . Totfsf] kl/:yLlt s] eof] yfxf 5}g t/ ofxf eg] snfIf]qsf] dfofn] cfkm' kmls{Psf] plg atfpb} cfPsL 5g\ .

slj rf}w/Lsf] Psn ljZj sfJo ofqf

sf7df8f}+ . kl5Nnf] ;dodf g]kfnL ;flxTosf rlr{t uLtsf/ tyf slj j;Gt rf}w/Lsf k"j{3f]lift sfo{qmdcg';f/ pgL k'gM ljZj sfJo ofqfdf nflu kg]{ ePsf 5g\ . xfn;Dd to ul/Psf pgsf sfJofTds ofqfsf ltlyldltx¿ dWo] o;jif{sf] ljZj sfJoofqfsf] g]kfn z+[vnf cfut df3 @& ut] ;f]daf/ sf7df8f}+l:yt d08nf gf6s3/df pgsf] Psn sfJo jfrgaf6 ;'? ul/g] of]hgf 5 . pQm Psn sfJojfrg sfo{qmddf g]kfnL ;flxTosf lr/kl/lrt sl/a @ ;ohgfsf] ;xeflutf /xg] Joxf]/f sfo{qmdsf cfof]hs >L n"gs/0fbf;–u+ufb]jL rf}w/L

;flxTo snf dlGb/n] hgfPsf] 5 . of] g} ;g\ @)!$ sf] slj rf}w/Lsf] ljZj sfJo ofqfsf] klxnf] v'8\lsnf] x'g]5 / @& ut]sf] pQm ljz]if sfo{qmddf slj rf}w/Ln] cfkm\gf gjLgtd Pj+ s]xL k'/fgf sfJo /rgfx¿sf] Psn jfrg ug'{sf ;fy} pgsf] ;flxlTos ofqf Pj+ ljljw /f]rs kIf ;d]6L lgld{t j[Qlrq;d]t k|blz{t x'g]5 . xfn;Dd to ul/Psf pgsf ljZj sfJo ofqfsf cGo z+[vnfx¿df cfut dfr{ )* tfl/v zlgaf/sf lbg cd]l/sfsf] 8]gj/ ;x/df, dfr{ )( tfl/v cfOtaf/sf lbg cd]l/sfs} Go'of]s{ ;x/df / dfr{ !^ tfl/vsf lbg cd]l/sfsf]

km\nf]l/8f /fHodf x'g] lglZrt eO;s]sf] 5 . To;/L g} cfufdL dO{ dlxgfdf hfkfgl:yt g]kfnL /fhb"tsf] lgdGq0ff slj rf}w/Ln] ToxfF cfkm\gf ;flxlTos afGsLx¿ k:sg] 5g\ . :d/0fLo 5, o;k"j{ slj rf}w/Ln] cui6 !@, @)!@ df cd]l/sfsf] Go'of]s{ ;x/df clk|n @!, @)!# df ;+o'Qm cl3/fHosf] nG8gdf, dO{ #!, @)!# df o'gfO6]8 c/a Old/]6\;sf] b'aO{df, h'g (, @)!# df l;lSsdsf] ufGtf]sdf, cu:t !*, @)!# df cd]l/sL /fHo d]l/NofG8sf] aflN6df]/ ;x/df, cu:6 @% df cd]l/sfs} 8fn; ;x/df cfkm\gf sfJo ofqfsf z+[vnfx¿ k|:t't ul/;s]sf 5g\ .

;]tf] af3 ca 7"nf] kbf{df

sf7df8f}+ . clego lz/f]dl0f gL/zfx hlxn] klg To:tf ljifodfly sfd ub{5g\, h;df ;fdfGo rnlrqsdL{sf] cfvf hfg] u/]sf] 5}g . pgsf] sfd ubf{ klg lgs} hf]lvd / sl7gfO /xg] ub{5 . clxn] klg zfxsf] o:t} ljifodf Wofg uPsf] 5 . zfxn] 8fodG8 zdz]/ /f0ffsf] cd/ s[lt …;]tf] af3Ú dfly klg rnlrq tyf 6]lnrnlrq agfpg] ePsf 5g\ . zfxfn] ;/:jtL k"hfsf] cj;/ kf/]/ d+unaf/ /fhwfgLdf Ps sfo{qmdsf] cfof]hgf u/L s[lt …;]tf] af3Ú dfly cfkm"n] rnlrq tyf 6]lnrnlrq agfpg nfu]sf] hfgsf/L u/fP . s]xL ;do klxn] …d;fgÚ agfPsf zfxn] o;sf] rrf{kl5 of] agfpg nfu]sf x'g\ . h;sf] 5fof+sg cfpFbf] kmfu'gsf] klxnf] ;ftfaf6 ug{] of]hgf zfxn] agfPsf 5g\ . …;]tf] af3Ú s[ltdfly zfxn] (! efusf] l;l/on / @ 306f #) ldg]6sf] nfdf] rnlrq agfpg] of]hgf agfPsf 5g\ . b'js } f] Ps;fy 5fof+sg ug{] tof/L klg 5, zfxsf] . l;l/onnfO{ pkGof;sf] kmf]6f]skLsf] ¿kdf k|:t't ug]{ sfo{qmddf pgn] hfgsf/L u/fP .

rnlrqdf h+uaxfb'/ /f0ffsf] clGtd #) lbgsf] syf klg ;d]6g\ nfu]sf] pgn] ;'gfP . x'g t s;}sf] s[ltdfly rnlrq, 6]lnrnlrq agfpg Tolt ;lhnf] eg] 5}g . of] lgs} sl7gfO sfo{ klg xf] . zfxfn] of] /fd|/L a'em]sf /x]5g\ . To;}n] o;sf] cg';Gwfg / lgdf{0fsf] u[xsfo{df cfkm"nfO{ b'O{ jif{ nfu]sf] sfo{qmddf v'nfP . …;]tf] af3Ú nfO{ ;'xfpg] nf]s;] g pgn] s]xL sf7df8f}+ pkTosfdf / s]xL lrtjg clg dsjfgk'/df e]6s ] f 5g\ . To;}n] rnlrqsf] 5fof+sg sf7df8f},+ lrtjg / dsjfgk'/df ul/g] pgn] hfgsf/L lbP . zfxnfO{ clegodf lhTg] clxn]g;Dd g]kfndf sf]xL 5}gg\ eGbf km/s kb{g} . clegodf zfxn] sof}+ gof“ snfsf/ gleœofPsf klg xf]Ogg\ . To;}n] o;af6 klg pgL sof+} gjsnfsf/ leœofpg] t/v/df 5g\ . t/ ;a} gjsnf/ pgn] eg;'g tyf lrghfgaf6 5gf]6 u/]sf eg] xf]Ogg\ . s]xL ;do cl8;g lnP/ 5fg]sf x'g\ . cl8;gdfkm{t cfPsf %& hgf gof“ cg'xf/sf] rnlrqdf clego /xg]5 .

ODk|];g klAns];g P08 ldl8of k|f= ln= åf/f k|sflzt, d'b|0f M PS;k|]; sn/ k|];, a'4gu/, sfof{no M dWojfg]Zj/, sf7df8f}+, kmf]g M $$&*!&&, km\ofS; M $$*)%%$, kf]=a=g+= !!^&@,

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sfo{sf/L lgb{]zs M pHHjn zdf{, ;Dkfbs M uf]ljGb n'OF6]n

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