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HIMALAYA TIMES

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Tuesday, 28 January, 2014

| k[i7 *±$ d"No ?= %.–

;Qf ;fem]bf/Lsf nflu sf+u];| –Pdfn] 5nkmn v]d/fh yfkf sf7df8f}+, df3 !# . g]kfnL sf+u];| n] ;+;bLo bnsf] g]tf rog;Fu} ;/sf/ u7gsf] cf}krfl/s kxn yfn]sf] 5 . ;a}eGbf 7"nf] bn sf+u|];df cfOtaf/ kf6L{ ;efklt ;'zLn sf]O/fnf ;+;bLo bnsf] g]tf lgjf{lrt ePsf lyP . sf+u];| n] bf];|f] 7"nf] bn g]skf Pdfn]nfO{ ;/sf/ u7gaf/] jftf{sf] k|:tfj k7fPsf] 5 . cfOtaf/} /fi6«klt 8f= /fdj/0f ofbjn] df3 !( ;Dd ;xdtLo ;/sf/ u7gsf nflu Joj:yflksf ;+;bnfO{ cfÅjfg u/]sf lyP . /fi6«kltsf] ;do;Ldf / k|wfgdGqLsf pDd]bjf/ to ePkl5 sf+u|];n] sf]O/fnfsf] g]t[Tjdf ;/sf/ u7gsf nflu kxn yfn]sf] xf] . ;f]daf/ ;+;b a}7skl5 gofF afg]Zj/df sf+u];| / Pdfn]sf zLif{ g]tfx¿aLr ;/sf/ u7gsf ljifodf 5nkmn ePsf] lyof] . Pdfn]n] cf}krfl/s ¿kdf lnlvt kq k7fpg sf+u|];nfO{ cfu|x u/]sf] lyof] . kqdf sf+u|];n] sf]O/fnfsf] g]t[Tjdf ;/sf/ u7gsf nflu ;dy{g ug{ cfu|x u/]sf] hgfOPsf] 5 . pQm 5nkmndf Pdfn]n] ;/sf/ u7gcl3 /fi6«klt / pk/fi6«kltsf] gofF lgjf{rg ug'{kg]{ wf/0ff /fv]sf] lyof] . sf+u|];n] 

;f]daf/ ;/sf/åf/f d'n'ssf] cy{tGqsf] ljsf;df dxŒjk"0f{ of]ubfg k'¥ofP jfkt ;Ddflgt Joj;oLx¿ /fi6«klt 8f= /dj/0f ofbj, ;+ljwfg;efsf Ho]i7 ;b:o ;"o{axfb'/ yfkf / cy{dlGq z+s/k|;fb sf]O/fnf;Fu lztn lgjf;df ;fd"lxs t:jL/ lvrfpFb} . -;dfrf/ k[i7 !) df_ 6fOD; t:jL/

bfxfn g} ;+;bLo bnsf g]tf 6fOD; ;+jfbbftf sf7df8f}+, df3 !# . PsLs[t dfcf]jfbLsf clwsf+z k"j{kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:o tyf /fHo;ldlt ;+of]hsn] cWoIf k'iksdn bfxfnnfO{ ;+;bLo bnsf] g]tf rog ug'{kg]{ k|:tfj u/]sf 5g\ . cWoIf bfxfn lgjf; nflhDkf6df a;]sf] k"j{kf]ln6Ao'/f] / /fHo;ldlt ;+of]hsx¿sf] ;+o'Qm a}7sdf clwsf+zn] bfxfnnfO{ g]tf agfpg k|:tfj u/]sf x'g\ . o;af/] 6'+uf] nufP/ d+unaf/sf] s]Gb|Lo ;ldlt a}7sdf ;femf k|:tfj k]; ug{ a}7sn] kf6L{ s]Gb|Lo sfof{no -x]8Sjf6{/_ nfO{ lhDdf lbPsf] 5 . Pdfcf]jfbL x]8Sjf6{/df cWoIf bfxfn;lxt g]tfx¿ 8f= afa'/fd e§/fO{, gf/fo0fsfhL >]i7 / kf]i6axfb'/ af]u6L

5g\ . x]8Sjf6{/sf rf/ ;b:odWo] bfxfn / e§/fO{ dfq} ;ef;b x'g\ . >]i7 / af]u6Ln] lgjf{rg xf/]sf lyP . e§/fO{n] tTsfn s'g} kb wf/0f gug]{ atfpFb} cfPsf 5g\ . …clwsf+z ;fyLx¿n] cWoIfnfO{ g} ;+;bLo bnsf] g]tf agfpg'k5{ eGg'ePsf] 5, s]Gb|Lo sfof{nonfO{ o;af/] 7f];¿kdf 6'+Uofpg lhDdf lbPsf 5f}+,Ú Pdfcf]jfbL g]tf b]j]Gb| kf}8]nn] eg], …;DejtM cWoIf g} ;+;bLo bnsf] g]tf aGg'x'G5 .Ú x]8Sjf6{/n] gfd to u/]/ d+unaf/} a:g] s]Gb|Lo ;ldlt a}7sdf k]; ug]{ / g]tfsf] 6'+uf] nufpg] kf}8]nn] atfP . pgsf cg';f/ kf6L{leq clwsf+zn] bfxfn g} g]tf x'g'kg]{ dfu /fv]sf 5g\ . kf6L{ pRr;|f]tsf cg';f/ s]xL lbgcl3 >]i7sf] lgjf;df ePsf]

cgf}krfl/s 5nkmndf e§/fO{n] bfxfnsf] ljsNkdf s[i0faxfb'/ dx/fnfO{ g]tf agfpg k|:tfj u/]sf lyP . Ps JolQm Ps kbsf] gLlt nfu" ug'{kg]{ ts{;lxt e§/fO{n] dx/fnfO{ g]tf, 6f]kaxfb'/ /fodfemLnfO{ pkg]tf / lul//fhdl0f kf]v/]nnfO{ k|d'v ;r]ts agfpg k|:tfj u/]sf lyP . ;f]daf/ a}7sdf af]Ng] @! hgf k"j{kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:odWo] w]/}n] bfxfnfO{ k|:tfj u/]sf lyP . …afa'/fdhLn] cWoIfnfO{ /f]Sg cWoIf kIfs} dx/fnfO{ k|:tfljt u/]sf lyP, ca otflt/ hfg] ;Defjgf 5}g,Ú bfxfn kIfLo Ps k"j{kf]ln6Ao'/f] ;b:on] lxdfno 6fOD;;Fu eg], …dx/f;Fu afa'/fdhLsf] ;DaGw /fd|f] eP/ xf]Og, cWoIfnfO{ g]tf aGg glbg pxfFn] k|:tfj ug'{ePsf] xf] .Ú

;b:o lgjf{rg -bf];|f] ;+zf]wg_ cWofb]z @)&) k]; u/]sf x'g\ . a}7sdf cy{dGqL z+s/k|;fb sf]O/fnfn] ;DklQ z'4Ls/0f lgjf/0f -bf];|f] ;+zf]wg_ cWofb]z @)&) k]; u/] . ;+ljwfg;ef lj36gkl5 ul7t ;/sf/sf] l;kmfl/;df /fi6«kltn] oL cWofb]z hf/L u/]sf lyP . ;f]daf/ cWofb]z k]; ePnuQ} a}7s ;lsPsf] lyof] . Ho]i7 ;b:o ;"o{axfb'/ yfkfsf] cWoIftfdf a;]sf] a}7s !) ldg]6dfq rn]sf] lyof] . Joj:yflksf ;+;bsf] csf]{ a}7s d+unaf/ laxfg !! ah] a:g]5 .

b'j} kf6L{sf g]tfx¿n] hgfPsf 5g\ . 5nkmn sf+u];| g]tf 8f= /fdz/0f dxtn] ;xdltsf cfwf/df ;/sf/ u7g ug{ Pdfn] ;xdt /x]sf] atfP . …a}7sdf /fd|} s'/f ePsf] 5, b'j} kf6L{ Ps jif{df ;+ljwfg hf/L ug{] ljifodf ;xdt 5f},+ Ú dxtn] eg], …;/sf/ lgdf{0fdf klg ldn]/ hfg] ljifodf 5nkmn ePsf] 5 .Ú Pdfn] g]tf e/tdf]xg clwsf/Ln] sf+u;]| ;Fusf] jftf{ ;sf/fTds ePsf] atfP . pgn] sf+u;]| sf] 7f]; k|:tfj cfPkl5 cfGtl/s 5nkmn u/]/ wf/0ff ;fj{hlgs ug]{ atfP . …b'O{ bn ldn]/ hfg'sf] ljsNk 5}g, Ps jif{leq ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fsf nflu klg ldNg'k5{,Ú clwsf/Ln] eg] . pgn] ^ dlxgfleq :yfgLo lgsfosf] lgjf{rg ug{ klg b'O{ bn ;xdt ePsf] hfgsf/L lbP . Pdfn]n] ;/sf/ u7gaf/] d+unaf/ s]Gb|Lo sld6L a}7sdf 5nkmn ug{] tof/L u/]sf] 5 . /fi6«klt lgjf{rgsf ljifodf ljjffb gldn];Dd sf+u|]; / Pdfn]aLr ;/sf/ u7gdf ;xdlt gx'g] ;Defjgf 5 . sf+u;]| n] ;xdtLo ;/sf/ u7gsf] kxn u/] klg t];f| ] 7"nf] bn Pdfcf]jfbL / rf}yf] 7"nf] bn /fk|fkf g]kfnn] ;/sf/df ghfg] 3f]if0ff ul/;s]sf 5g\ . /fi6«kltn] ] f] ;do;Ldf ;xdtLo ;/sf/ tf]ss u7g x'g g;s] ax'dtLo ;/sf/ u7gsf nflu af6f] v'Ng]5 .

dw];L sfo{bnsf] Pstf k|:tfj

;+;bdf kf“r cWofb]z k]; 6fOD; ;+jfbbftf sf7df8f}+, df3 !# . ;/sf/n] Joj:yflksf– ;+;bsf] ;f]daf/sf] a}7sdf kfFrj6f ljleGg cWofb]z k]; u/]sf] 5 . u[xdGqL dfwj l3ld/]n] rf/ / cy{dGqL z+s/k|;fb sf]O/fnfn] Pp6f cWofb]z k]; u/]sf x'g\ . a}7sdf u[xdGqLn] ;+ljwfg;ef lgjf{rg;DaGwL rf/ cWofb]z k]; u/]sf x'g\ . pgn] lgjf{rg;DaGwL s]xL g]kfn P]gnfO{ ;+zf]wg ug]{ cWofb]z @)^(, ;+ljwfg;ef ;b:o lgjf{rg cWofb]z @)&), ;+ljwfg;ef ;b:o lgjf{rg -klxnf] ;+zf]wg_ cWofb]z @)&) / ;+ljwfg;ef

;f]daf/sf] a}7sdf clwsf+zn] bfxfnnfO{ g]tfsf ¿kdf cl3 ;fg'{kg]{ atfPsf lyP . …cem} klg zflGt k|lqmof 6'+luPsf] 5}g, of] ;fdfGo a]nfsf] ;+ljwfg;ef jf ;+;b klg xf]Og,Ú bfxfn lgs6 tL g]tfn] eg], …of] cj:yfdf kf6L{sf tkm{af6 g]t[TjbfoL e"ldsf lgjf{x ug{ cWoIf g} cfpg'k5{, c¿af6 ;lhnf] 5}g .Ú bfxfnlgs6 g]tfsf cg';f/ e§/fO{nfO{ pkg]tfsf] k|:tfj ul/P klg pgn] :jLsf/ u/]sf 5}gg\ . e§/fO{n] ;+ljwfg;efaf6 gofF ;+ljwfg hf/L geP;Dd s'g} kb glng] atfpFb} cfPsf 5g\ . ;|f]tsf cg';f/ dx/fnfO{ g]tf agfpg bfxfn kIfsf xl/af]n uh'/]n, kf]i6axfb'/ af]u6Lnufotn] ;xdlt hgfPsf lyP . -afFsL k[i7 @ df_

eg] Ps jif{leq ;+ljwfg agfpg] u/L ;Qf ;fem]bf/Lsf] k|:tfj u/]sf] hgfOPsf] 5 . Pdfn]n] eg] ;/sf/ u7gcl3 /fi6«klt / pk/fi6«kltsf] ljifo 6'+Uofpg} kg]{ c8fg /fv]sf] hgfOPsf] 5 . ;f]daf/} Pdfn]nfO{ cf}kl/s kq k7fP/ ;/sf/ u7gsf nflu kxn u/]sf] sf+u];| pk;efklt /fdrGb| kf}8]nn] hfgsf/L lbP . …k|wfgdGqLsf] pDd]bjf/ rog ePsfn] ;xdtLo ;/sf/sf] kxn ;'? u/]sf 5f}+,Ú sf+u];| pk;efklt /fdrGb| kf}8]nn] lxdfno 6fOD;;Fu eg], …cfh Pdfn];Fu jftf{ klg eof] . cf}krfl/s ¿kdf kq klg k7fPsf 5f}+ .Ú sf+u];| n] d+unaf/ Pdfcf]jfbL / cGo bn;Fu 5nkmn ug{] tof/L u/]sf] 5 . …d+unaf/ Pdfcf]jfbL;Fu jftf{ x'G5, xfdL /fi6«kltn] tf]s]sf] ;do;Ldfleq sf+u|];sf] g]t[Tjdf ;/sf u7g ug{] nIo;lxt jftf{ / 5nkmndf h'6]sf 5f}+Ú, kf}8]nn] eg] . ;/sf/ u7g / ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fsf ljifodf 5nkmn eO/x]sf] / Ps jif{df ;+ljwfg aGg] jftfj/0f tof/ x'g]u/L ;/sf/ u7gdf hf]8 lbPsf] kf}8]nn] atfP . ;/sf/ u7gsf ljifodf sf+u];| / Pdfn]aLr ;f]daf/ cgf}krfl/s 5nkmn ePsf] lyof] . 5nkmn ;sf/fTds /x]sf]

7fs'/ cWoIf, ofbj / dxQf] sfo{sf/L cWoIf dbg sf]O/fnf sf7df8f}+, df3 !# . dw];L hgclwsf/ kmf]/d, t/fO{ dw]; nf]stflGqs kf6L{ -tdnf]kf_ / ;b\efjgf kf6L{sf] sfo{bnn] kf6L{ Pstfsf nflu g]t[Tjb]lv ;+u7g;Ddsf] k|:tfj tof/ u/]sf] 5 . tdnf]kf cWoIf dxGy 7fs'/ cWoIf tyf kmf]/d cWoIf pk]Gb| ofbj / ;b\efjgf cWoIf /fh]Gb| dxQf]nfO{ sfo{sf/L cWoIf 

kb lbP/ kf6L{ PsLs/0f x'g nfu]sf] xf] . sfo{bnn] tLg} bnsf cWoIfnfO{ k|:tfj a'emfPkl5 PsLs/0f k|lqmof ;'? x'g]5 . tdnf]kf cWoIf dxGy 7fs'/sf] g]t[Tjdf kf6L{ PsLs/0f ug{ zLif{ g]tfaLr o;cl3 g} ;}4flGts ;xdlt eO;s]sf] 5 . sfo{sf/L cWoIfdf k|:tfljt ofbj / dxQf]nfO{ qmdzM ;+;bLo bnsf] g]tf / ;+u7g k|d'v agfpg sfo{bnn] k|:tfj u/]sf] 5 . PsLs/0fsf nflu vfsf agfpg ul7t tLg bnsf g]tf ;lDdnt sfo{bnn] kf6L{ g]t[Tj, ;+u7g, ljwfgnufot ljifodf ;xdlt sfod

u/]sf] xf] . sfo{bnn] d+unaf/ tLg} kf6L{sf cWoIf;lxtsf] a}7s /fvL ;xdltsf] vfsf k]z ug]{ ePsf] 5 . ;b\efjgf kf6L{sf dxf;lrj dlgifs'df/ ;'dgsf cg';f/ vfsf k|:t't ug{ tLg bnsf zLif{ g]tf;d]tsf] a}7s d+unaf/} af]nfOPsf] 5 . o;}u/L sfo{bnn] PsLs[t kf6L{sf nflu ;b\efjgf kf6L{sf] r'gfj lrÅg tL/ / kmf]/d g]kfnsf] r'gfj lrÅg dzfn k|:tfj u/]sf] 5 . t/ o;af/] zLif{ bndf ;xdlt eO;s]sf] 5}g . ;|f]tsf cg';f/ tdnf]kfn] ;b\efjgf kf6L{sf] r'gfj lrGxdf ;xdlt hgfpg kmf]/dnfO{ cfu|x

u/]sf] xf] . tL/+uf k[i7e"lddf tL/ em08f /fVg] / r'gfj lrÅg eg] ltg} k|of]u ug{] tdnf]kfsf] k|:tfjdf ;xdltsf] ;Defjgf /x]sf] tdnf]kf s]Gb|Lo ;b:o tyf t/fO{ dw]; ljBfyL{ k|mG6sf cWoIf ;'/]z d08nn] atfP . o;}u/L sfo{bnn] PsLs[t kf6L{sf] gfd klg l;kmfl/; u/]sf] 5 . sfo{bnn] gofF kf6L{sf] gfd t/fO{ dw]; ;b\efjgf kmf]/d, ;f];n 8]df]qm\ofl6s kf6L{ / nf]stflGqs ;b\efgf kmf]/d k|:tfj u/]sf] 5 . sfo{bnn] PsLs[t kf6L{sf] ;+/rgf klg k|:tfj u/]sf] 5 . -afFsL k[i7 @ df_


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@)&) df3 !$, d+unaf/ | Tuesday, 28 January, 2014

sfnf]ahf/LofnfO{ g5f8\g lgb]{zg 6fOD; ;+jfbbftf sf7df8f}+, df3 !# . pkef]Qmf lxtsf nflu eGb} gfddfqsf] ahf/ cg'udg ub}{ cfPsf] jfl0fHo tyf cfk"lt{ Joj:yfkg ljefunfO{ gfddfqsf] cg'udg geO{ sfnf]ahf/Ldfly s8f sf/afxL ug{ ;/sf/n] lgb]{zg lbPsf] 5 . k|wfgdGqL tyf dlGqkl/ifb\ sfof{nosf ;lrj s[i0fxl/ af:sf]6fn] ;f]daf/ ljefusf sd{rf/LnfO{ o:tf] lgb]{zg lbPsf x'g\ . sfnf]ahf/L ug]{, l;lG8s]6 / sf6]{n ug]{, d"No;"rL 6fF; gug]{, n]andf v'nfpg'kg]{ ljj/0f gv'nfpg], vfB j:t'df ld;fj6 ug]{, s[lqd d"No j[l4 ug]{, af;L vfgf v'jfpg], c:j:Yos/ df;' / vfBfGg laqmL ug]{, cvfB /+u ld;fpg], tf}n 36La9L ug]{h:tf pkef]Qmf lxt ljk/Lt xs{t ug]{ hf] sf]xLnfO{ v'§f gsdfO{ s8feGbf s8f sf/afxL ug{ pgn] lgb]{zg lbPsf 5g\ . jfl0fHo ljefudf nfu" ul/Psf] Ifltk"lt{;lxtsf] gful/s a8fkqsf] k|efj d"Nof+ªgsf qmddf ljefusf] :ynut lg/LIf0f ub}{ pgn] lgb]{zg lbPsf x'g\ . ; ~ r f / pks/0fsf] k}7f/L, ;"tL{ cfoft, xft xltof/ k}7f/L / lagf e'QmfgLsf] ;fdfg k}7f/L ubf{

jfl0fHo ljefuaf6 Ohfht hf/L ug]{ sfddf Ifltk"lt{;lxtsf] gful/s a8fkq hf/L ul/Psf] s'/f ;lrj af:sf]6fn] hfgsf/L lbP . eG;f/ laGb' kl/jt{g, vfgf ksfpg] Uof;sf] cfoft Ohfhtkq, u}/ko{6sLo Jofj;flos le;fsf] l;kmfl/;, lgsf;L Ohfhtkq, k|fOe]6 kmd{, ;fem]bf/L / Ph]G;L btf{, gjLs/0f, ;+zf]wg / vf/]hL tyf pkef]Qmf lxt / ;"ky d"No k;nsf] btf{ / gjLs/0fdf klg Ifltk"lt{;lxtsf] gful/s a8fkq hf/L ePsf] pgn] hfgsf/L lbP . ut d+l;/b]lv ;'? ePsf] gful/s a8fkqcg';f/ ljefun] rfn' cfly{s jif{sf] ;fpgb]lv xfn;Dd ljleGg rf/ xhf/ rf/ ;o %@ j6f Ohfhtkq hf/L u/]sf] / k'; d;fGt;Dddf % s/f]8 $^ nfv # xhf/ ^$@ ?k}ofF /fh:j c;'nL u/]sf] atfOPsf] 5 . cg'udgsf qmddf xfn;Dd k|fOe]6 kmd{ btf{ ;+Vof ! nfv !% xhf/ @ ;o $@ k'u]sf] 5 . ljefudf O{–xflh/L, O{–ljlnª, l;;L Sofd]/f, btf{ rnfgLdf c6f]d]l6s gDal/ª d]l;gsf] k|of]u ePsf] / cfjdf ljefuaf6 !@(* k6s / lhNnf:t/df #@) k6s ahf/ cg'udg ePsf] atfOPsf] 5 . rfn'

cfjdf !$# j6f ;fem]bf/L kmd{ btf{ ePsf] / @*$ j6f gjLs/0f ePsf] 5 eg] #@ j6f Ph]G;L btf{ / % j6f gjLs/0f ePsf] 5 . To:t} k|fOe]6 kmd{tkm{ tLg xhf/ tLg ;o @( j6f gofF btf{, Ps xhf/ # ;o *% j6f ;+zf]wg, Ps xhf/ ^ ;o @@ j6f gjLs/0f / % ;o ^@ j6f vf/]hL ePsf] klg ;lrj af:sf]6fn] hfgsf/L lbP . lg/LIf0fsf qmddf ;fdfGo k|zf;g ;lrj b'uf{lglw zdf{n] ljefudf cfjZostfcg';f/ b/aGbL yk ul/g] atfP eg] jfl0fHo ;lrj dfwj /]UdLn] ljefusf] sfddf s'g} x:tIf]k gul/g] atfP . /fli6«o ;ts{tf s]Gb|sf sfd' ;lrj dw' /]UdLn] lgw{Ss;Fu sfd ug{ cfu|x u/] . ;f] cj;/df ljefusf dxflgb]{zs gf/fo0fk|;fb lj8f/Ln] of] jif{ g]kfnel/ s'n @),%!) k6s ahf/ cg'udg ug]{ nIosf ;fy sfd eO/x]sf] hfgsf/L u/fPsf lyP . lg/LIf0f 6f]nLdf ;fdfGo k|zf;g dGqfnosf ;lrj, jfl0fHo tyf cfk"lt{ dGqfnosf ;lrj /]UdL / /fli6«o ;ts{tf s]Gb|sf sfd' ;lrj /]UdLnufotsf] ;xeflutf lyof] .

k|wfg;]gfklt >Ln+sf / dflNbE; hfg] l;/xfsf] nxfg gu/kflnsf $ df /x]sf] ;u/dfyf cgfyfnodf cf>o lnO/x]sf cgfy afnaflnsfx¿ . laxfg a]n'sfsf] vfgf;d]t k]6el/ vfg gkfPsf afnaflnsfdWo] z'Ns ga'emfPsf] eGb} rf/ hgf cgfy afnaflnsfnfO{ ljBfnon] k/LIff lbg ;d]t /f]s nufPsf] 5 . t:jL/ M/f;;

;x;|fAbL ljsf; nIo xfl;ndf k|fyldstf lbg cfUf|x 6fOD; ;+jfbbftf sf7df8f}+, df3 !# . g]kfnsf] :jf:Yo ;]jfnfO{ cfufdL lbg yk k|efjsf/L agfpg] / ;x;|fAbL ljsf; nIo xfl;n ug]{ sfdnfO{ ;/sf/n] pRr k|fyldstf lbg :jf:Yo If]qdf cfly{s Pj+ k|fljlws ;xof]u lbFb} cfPsf bft[ lgsfon] ;'emfj lbPsf 5g\ . :jf:Yo clwsf/dfly u|fdL0f hgtfsf] kx'Fr cem} gk'u]sf] eGb} bft[ lgsfosf k|ltlglwn] :jf:Yo ;]jfnfO{ ;'b[9 agfpg cfufdL lbg cfkm"x¿n] yk cfly{s Pj+ k|fljlws ;xof]u ug{] hfgsf/L lbP . :jf:Yo tyf hg;+Vof dGqfno / :jf:Yo If]qdf ;xof]u ul//x]sf bft[ lgsfox¿sf] ;f]daf/ /fhwfgLdf ;'? ePsf] tLglbg] ;+o'Qm a}7sdf bft[ lgsfosf k|d'vx¿n] :jf:Yo;DaGwL ;x;|fAbL ljsf; nIo xfl;n ug{ :jf:Yosf sfo{qmdsf] sfof{Gjog c¿ k|efjsf/L agfpg

;'emfj lbP . ;'/lIft dft[Tj, cfdf ;'/Iff sfo{qmd, k|hgg\ :jf:Yoh:tf sfo{qmd ;kmntftkm{ pGd'v eP klg Ifo/f]u, PrcfO{eL÷P8\;, s'i7/f]u / vf]k sfo{qmddf r'gf}tL /x]sf] atfOof] . a}7s x'g'k"j{ dGqfno / bft[ lgsfosf pRr k|ltlglwn] dGqfnoåf/f ;~rfng ePsf :jf:Yo ;]jfaf/] :ynut ¿kdf cWoog ug{] k/Dk/f 5 . Onfd, emfkf, ;'v{]t / b}n]vdf o;k6s cg'udg ug]{ sfd ePsf] lyof] . bft[ lgsfosf :jf:Yo;DaGwL ah]6 / sfo{qmd Psåf/ k|0ffnLåf/f dGqfnonfO{ ;xof]u k'¥ofpg ;g\ @))$ bft[ lgsfosf] Ps d~r :yfkgf ePsf] lyof] . ;f]xL jif{b]lv of] d~r / dGqfnoaLr ;+o'Qm a}7s x'Fb} cfPsf] 5 . bft[ lgsfox¿df ljZj :jf:Yo ;+u7g, a]nfotL j}b]lzs ;xof]u lgof]u, hfkfgL ;xof]u lgof]u, cd]l/sL ;xof]u lgof]unufotsf 5g\ .

xfn d~rsf] cWoIftf ;fGbf l:6ld/n] ub{} l5g\ . cd]l/sL ;xof]u lgof]usf k|d'v;d]t /x]sL ;fGbf l:6ld/n] dGqfnoåf/f ;~rflnt :jf:Yo ;]jfsf sfo{qmd /fd|f] ePsf] t/ To;df u|fdL0f hgtfsf] ;xh kx'Fr gePsf] atfOg\ . pgn] elgg\, …:jf:Yo If]q ;'wf/sf sfo{qmdnfO{ lj:tf/ ug{ yk ;xof]u k|bfg ug]{ af/]df s'/fsfgL eO/x]sf] 5 .Ú :jf:Yo tyf hg;+Vof dGqL ljBfw/ dlNnsn] a}7ssf] pb\ 3f6g ub{} :jf:Yo If]qdf nufgLcg'¿k k|ltkmn gb]lvPsf] xf] ls eGg] 6Lsfl6Kk0fL p7\g] u/]sf] ;Gbe{df dGqfno yk lhDd]jf/ aGg'kg{] atfP .dGqfnosf ;lrj 8f= k|jL0f ld>n] Uf|fdL0f txdf u'0f:t/Lo :jf:Yo ;]jf k'¥ofpg dGqfnon] pRr k|fyldstf lbFb} cfPsf] atfP . a}7sdf ;du| :jf:Yo :f]jfsf] l:yltaf/] ;dLIff ul/g]5 .

sf]l/of hfg] g]kfnLn] a}+s vftf vf]Ng'kg]{ sf7df8f}+, df3 !# . u0ftGq sf]l/ofn] /f]huf/ cg'dlt k|0ffnL -OkLP;_ cGtu{t >d s/f/ k|fKt u/L sf]l/of hfg] ;Dk"0f{ g]kfnL >ldsn] cfkm\gf] d'n'sdf a}+s vftf vf]Ng'kg]{ clgjfo{ Joj:yf u/]sf] 5 . sf]l/ofn] oxL df3 !* ut]b]lv nfu" x'g] u/]sf] gofF Joj:yfcg';f/ pQm k|0ffnLcGtu{t /f]huf/Lsf lglDt sf]l/of hfg] g]kfnLn] cfkm\gf] b]zdf cfkm\g} gfddf a}+s vftf vf]n]/ To;sf] ljj/0f OkLP; sfof{nodf a'emfpg'kg]{ gofF lgod hf/L u/]sf] xf] . sf]l/ofnL ;/sf/n] >d tyf /f]huf/ dGqfnonfO{ pQm Joj:yf ug{ / sfdbf/n] pknAw u/fPsf] ljj/0f sf]l/of k7fpg u/]sf] cg'/f]wcg';f/ g]kfnL >ldsn] g]kfn /fi6« a}+saf6 cg'dltk|fKt …sÚ ju{sf] jfl0fHo a}+sdf vftf vf]Ng'kg]{5 . >d ;Demf}tfsf] cjlw ;dfKt eO{ :jb]z kms{g] a]nfdf ;DalGwt sfdbf/n] lgodfg';f/ k|fKt ug]{ …lkmtf{ k|Tofe"lt aLdfÚ ;DalGwt

sfdbf/nfO{ ;xh ¿kdf pknAw u/fpg] p2]Zon] a}+s vftf clgjfo{ ul/Psf] >d ljefu, OkLP; sf]l/of zfvfsf lgb]{zs l8NnL/fd af:tf]nfn] atfP . sf]l/ofaf6 ;DalGwt sfdbf/ :jb]z kms]{sf] !$ lbgleq aLdf /sd ;f]xL vftfdfkm{t e'QmfgL lbg] Joj:yf sf]l/ofn] u/]sf] atfpFb} pgn] sf]l/ofdf sfd u/]/ kms]{sf / k'gM hfg]x¿n] klg vftf vf]Ng'kg]{ hfgsf/L lbP . pgn] eg], …df3 !* kl5 sf]l/of hfg] ;a} >ldsn] clgjfo{¿kdf a}+s vftf vf]Ng'kg]{5 / To;f] u/]sf] k|df0f:j¿k r]sa's, kf;a's jf a}+s :6]6d]G6 ;fy} lnP/ k|:yfg ug'{kg]{5 .’ ;/sf/ / u0ftGq sf]l/ofaLr ;ft jif{cl3 ePsf] ;dembf/Lcg';f/ OkLP; k|0ffnLcGtu{t @! xhf/eGbf a9L g]kfnL sf]l/ofdf sfd ul//x]sf] hfgsf/L lbFb} pgn] sfo{/t !% b]zsf gful/sdWo] g]kfn klxnf] gDa/df /x]sf] atfP . -/f;;_

dxTjk"0f{ 6]lnkmf]g gDa/ c:ktfn

PDa'n]G;

cfo'j]{b lrlsT;fno, g/b]jL $@%)!*@ sf7df8f}+ df]8n xl:k6n $@$)*)% sflGtafn c:ktfn $$@&$%@ cu|jfn ;]jf s]Gb| $$@$*&% 6]s' c:ktfn $@%##(^ g]kfn cfFvf a}+s $$(#^*$ g]kfn cfFvf c:ktfn $@%)^(! kf6g c:ktfn %%@@@&* k|;'tLu[x $@%#@&^ eQmk'/ c:Ktfn ^^!)^&^ dfgl;s c:ktfn %%@!### jL/]Gb| k|x/L c:ktfn $$!@$#) x[bo/f]u s]Gb| #&!#@@ xf]ldof]Koflys lrlsT;fno %%@@)(@ ag]kf c:ktfn ^^^!!!! ldt]/L c:ktfn $@%#@&^ /Qm;~rf/ s]Gb| $@@%#$$ g];gn 8]G6n xl:k6n $$#^#!! lqljlj lzIf0f c:ktfn $$!@&)& /]o'sfO{ cfFvf c:ktfn, ag]kf )!!– ^^!%*) sf7df8f}+ d]l8sn sn]h k|f=ln= $$&^!%@ d]l8s]o/ g]zgn xl:k6n $$^&)^& g]kfn d]l8sn sn]h $(!!))* sflGtk'/ 8]G6n xl:k6n dxf/fhu+h$#&!^)# jL/ c:ktfn $@@!(** P=Pg=kL=;L=;fd'bflos c:ktfn ^@))&** aL P08 aL c:ktfn %%##@)^

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$@@*)($ ^^^#!)) !)! $@#)@!# $@^)*%( $@$$!@! ^^!!!!! $@&*^!@ $(@((( $($*!^ ^^#!^%* $$#%&@! %%$%^^^

zjafxg g]kfn r]Da/ zjafxg ;To;fO{ s]Gb| lgz'Ns zjafxg

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l;Gw'nLu9L oftfoft

‘z'eofqf z'e lbg ;]jf u5f}+ /ft lbg' l;Gw'nLu9L oftfoft ;]jf ;ldlt b}lgs ofqfsf nflu xfdLnfO{ ;Demg'xf];\ lhk 5'6\g] ;do sf7df8f}+, sf]6]Zj/ laxfg ^ ah] laxfg *M#) ah] lbpF;f] !! ah] ;Dks{ M gj/fh sfsL{ (*$()&$))*, (*$$)()!#!

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cfof]lht kqsf/ ;Dd]ngdf hfgsf/L lbOof] . To:t} dflNbE; e|d0fsf qmddf ToxfFsf /fi6«klt, /IffdGqL / k|lt/Iff kmf}hsf k|d'v;Fu e]63f6 ug{] sfo{qmd /x]sf] g]kfnL ;]gfn] hgfPsf] 5 . k|wfg;]gfkltsf ;fy e|d0f 6f]nLdf pk/yL /fh]Gb| If]qL / ;]gfgL u]nfª nfdf /xg]5g\ . e|d0fsf qmddf k|wfg;]gfklt /f0ffn] b'j} b]zsf ;]gfk|d'v;Fu tflnd, cGt/f{li6«o zflGt :yfkgf sfo{ / ljkb\ Joj:Yffkg / ;xof]u cfbfgk|bfgsf af/]df 5nkmn ug{] ;]gfsf k|jQmf ;xfos/yL hubLzrGb| kf]v/]nn] hfgsf/L lbP . e|d0fsf qmddf x'g] 5nkmnn] b'O{ b]zaLrsf ;]gfsf kf/:kl/s Pjd\ k//fi6« ;DaGw lj:tf/ ug{ ;xof]u k'Ug] g]kfnL ;]gfn] hgfPsf] 5 . g]kfnL ;]gfsf #( hgfn] >Ln+sfdf / >Ln+sfsf !& hgfn] g]kfndf ;}Go tflnd lnPsf 5g\ . To:t} dflNbE;sf Ps ;}lgsn] g]kfndf / g]kfnL ;]gfsf b'O{hgfn] dflNbE;df tflnd ul//x]sf] atfOPsf] 5 . b'j} d'n'ssf] e|d0f ;s]/ gofFlbNnL x'Fb} k|wfg;]gfklt /f0ff df3 @$ ut] :jb]z kmls{g]5g\ .

;lxb wd{ eQmk|lt >4f~hln 6fOD; ;+jfbbftf sf7df8f}+, df3 !# . ;lxb ;KtfxcGtu{t ;f]daf/ ;lxb wd{eQm dfy]dfk|lt efjk"0f{ >4f~hln ck{0f ul/of] . sf7df8f}+ dxfgu/kflnsfn] ;f]daf/ /fhwfgLl:yt l;kmndf cfof]hgf u/]sf] sfo{qmddf ;lxb dfy]dfn] cd/Œj k|fKt u/]sf] :d/0fdf pgsf] ;flnsdf k'iku'R5f r9fP/ >4f~hln ck{0f ul/Psf] xf] . tTsfnLg hxflgof /f0ff zf;sn] ljleGg /fhgLlts ultljlw ;~rfng u/]sf] cleof]udf !((& df3 !# ut] dfy]dfnfO{ l;kmndf d[To'b08 lbPsf lyP . ;f] sfo{qmddf sf7df8f}+ dxfgu/kflnsfsf sfo{sf/L clws[t nId0f cof{nn] d'n'sdf k|hftflGqs k4lt ljsf; ug{ ;lxb dfy]dfn]

u/]sf] hLjgsf] Tofu gofFk':tfsf nflu k|]/0ffbfoL ePsf] eGb} hgtfnfO{ ;'vL tyf ;d[4 agfpg ;s]df dfq ;lxbsf] ;kgf k"/f x'g] atfP . dfy]df ;dfh u'7Lsf cWoIf ;'/]Gb| dfy]df / ;lxb dfy]dfsL 5f]/L /]0f' dfy]df >]i7n] b]zdf hgtfsf clwsf/nfO{ :yflkt u/L d'n'snfO{ nf]stflGqs zf;g k|0ffnLaf6 ;~rfng ug{ ;s]df ;lxbsf] cfTdfn] zflGt kfpg] ljrf/ JoQm ub}{ ;lxb dfy]dfsf] gfdaf6 ;fdflhs ;+:yf :yfkgf ug{ ;/sf/nfO{ cfu|x ul/g\ . sf7df8f}+ dxfgu/kflnsfsf] ;dGjodf ;DkGg ;f] sfo{qmddf dxfgu/kflnsfsf ljleGg sd{rf/L, :yfgLojf;L, ;dfh;]jL, lzIffljb\nufotsf] ;xeflutf lyof] .

blnt cfGbf]ngdf hf]8 sf7df8f}+, df3 !# -6f;_ . /fli6«o blnt o'jf cleofg / ;+jfb Sna g]kfnåf/f ;f]daf/ /fhwfgLdf cfof]lht sfo{qmddf jQmfx¿n] ;+3Lotf ;+:yfut ug{ ;fdGtjfbsf] cjz]if ;dfKt ug'k{ g]{ atfPsf 5g\ . g]skf Pdfn]sf g]tf k|bLk 1jfnLn] kf6L{n] :yfgLo lgjf{rgdf Go"gtd Ps blnt ;dfj]z ug]{ lg0f{o u/]sf] hfgsf/L lbFb} lghfdtL ;]jf, k|x/L / ;]gfdf blntsf] k|ltlglwŒj clxn] klg ;Gtf]ifhgs gePsf] atfP . Pdfcf]jfbLsf g]tf b]jG] b| kf}8n] n] @)^# sf] hgcfGbf]ngkl5 /fHosf] ;Dk"0f{ ;+oGq cu|ufdL cleofgtkm{ bf]xf]l/Psf] b]lvP h:tf] nfu] klg k'/fg} zf;g / Joj:yf kmsf{pg]tkm{ oyfl:yltjfbLn] if8\oGq ul//x]sf] cf/f]k nufP . v; /fHo ;ldltsf ;+of]hs nf]saxfb'/ la;Ln] cfkm\gf] d'lQmsf nflu blntn] cfGbf]ngsf] yfngL ug'{kg]{df hf]8lbP .

dw];L===

xfn tLgj6} kf6L{sf s]Gb|Lo ;b:onfO{ sfod ug]{u/L # ;o %! ;b:oLo s]Gb|Lo ;ldlt, %% b]lv ^) ;b:oLo sfo{;Dkfbg ;ldlt, #) hgfsf] /fhgLlts ;ldlt tyf tLghgfsf] cWoIf d08n agfpg] sfo{bnsf] k|:tfj 5 . sfo{bnn] k]; u/]sf] vfsfnfO{ tLg} bnsf cWoIfn] ;xdlt u/]kl5 PsLs/0fn] d"t{¿k lng]5 . df3 dlxgfleq} PsLs/0f ul/;Sg] pgLx¿sf] egfO 5 . t/, PsLs/0f cl3 ;a} bnn] cfkm\gf] kf6L{sf] s]Gb|Lo ;ldltsf] a}7s af]nfpg] ePsf 5g\ . s]Gb|af6 PsLs/0f ub}{ lhNnf, gu/ / ufpF;Dd klg k'¥ofOg] kmf]/dsf Ps g]tfn] hfgsf/L lbP .

bfxfn===

t/ jif{dfg k'g, hgfb{g zdf{, nf]s]Gb| lji6nufotn] bfxfnnfO{ g} k|:tfj u/]sf lyP . df3 !) ut] :ylut s]Gb|Lo ;ldlt a}7s d+unaf/ ;''? x'g]5 . df3 !) ;Dd s]Gb|Lo ;ldlt a}7sdf af]Ng] clwsf+zn] cWoIf bfxfnsf] k|ltj]bg c:ki6 /x]sf] cf/f]k nufPsf lyP . (* hgf s]Gb|Lo ;b:odWo] clwsf+zn] bfxfn, e§/fO{ / >]i7sf] rsf]{ lj/f]w u/]sf lyP . pgLx¿n] :ki6 sfo{qmd / sfo{of]hgf Nofpg dfu u/]sf lyP . o;}aLr, k"j{kf]ln6Ao'/f] / /fHo ;+of]hssf] a}7sn] x]6f}+8f dxflwj]zgn] lbPsf] DofG8]6cg';f/ ;fgf] ;+u7g agfpg'kg]{ lgisif{ lgsfn]sf] 5 . a}7sdf ;xefuL ;a}n] ;fgf] sld6L agfP/ hfg'kg]{ wf/ 0ff /fv]sf] kf6L{ k|jQmf clUgk|;fb ;fksf]6fn] ;~rf/sdL{nfO{ hfgsf/L lbP . …;fgf] sld6L agfPdfq hgjfbL s]Gb|Lotf nfu" ug{ / kf6L{sf sfd cufl8 a9fpg ;lhnf] x''g]x'gfn] r':t ;+u7g agfpg'k5{ eGg] ;a}h;f]sf] egfO lyof],Ú ;fksf]6fn] eg] . g]tfx¿n] oyf;Dej kf6L{sf] …ljz]if ;+u7gfTds /fli6«o ;Dd]ngÚ ug'{kg]{df klg hf]8 lbPsf lyP . s]Gb|Lo ;b:o / /fHo ;+of]hsx¿n] lbPsf] ;'emfjdf Ps¿ktf sfod ePsf] ;fksf]6fsf] egfO lyof] . bfxfnn] d+unaf/ ;f+u7lgs tyf ;d;fdlos ljifodf wf/0ff /fVg] klg ;fksf]6fn] hfgsf/L lbP .

oftfoft tflnsf dxfsfnL oftfoft

dsfn' a; ;]jf ;]jf l/he]{;g tyf cGo / $@&&%%@ sfs8le§f laxfg eb|k'/ laxfg dw'dNnf laxfg la/f6gu/-!_ /fhlj/fh w/fg l;/xf la/f6gu/-@_ dn+ujf la/f6gu/-#_ sn}of-!_ hgsk'/ uf}/ kf]v/f -ldgL lel8of]_ aL/u+h-!_ a/xyjf jL/u+h-@_ e/tk'/-!_ sn}of-@_ jL/u+h-#_ e/tk'/-@_ jL/u+h-$_ kfj{tLk'/ 8fF8L k;f{ hubk'/ vfn]l;dn e]uf}nL sfjf;f]tL w/fg -/flq_ jL/u+h -/flq_

hfgsf/Lsf nflu $@*!(&@ %M)) ah] %M!) ah] %M@) ah] laxfg %M$% ah] laxfg ^M)) ah] laxfg ^M)% ah] laxfg ^M!% ah] laxfg ^M@% ah] laxfg ^M#% ah] laxfg ^M$% ah] laxfg &M)% ah] laxfg &M@) ah] laxfg &M$) ah] laxfg *M)) ah] laxfg *M)) ah] laxfg *M#) ah] laxfg (M))ah] laxfg (M#) ah] laxfg !)M!%ah] laxfg !!M)) ah] laxfg !!M$% ah] lbpF;f] !@M$% ah] lbpF;f] !@M#) ah] lbpF;f] !M)) ah] lbpF;f] !M#) ah] lbpF;f] !M$% ah] lbpF;f] !M%% ah] lbpF;f] @M@) ah] ;fFem %M)) ah] a]n'sf *M!%ah]

sf7df8f}+ dx]Gb|gu/ laxfg %M) sf7df8f}+–bfª laxfg ^M)) ah] -klxnf]_ laxfg ^M#) ah] -bf];|f]_

;+o'Qm dfOqmf] ;~rfng ;ldlt bfª M sf7df8f}+ a'lsª OGrfh{ ;'zLn -of]uL_ (*$!%(%))& ;Gtf]if >]i7 – (*$!^#^*&! cg'k zfx – (*$!($@%#@# ;'Gwf/f, sf7df8f}+ . ;fy}, l/he{sf] nflu klg ;Dks{ ug'{xf]nf . 5'6\g] ;do M %M@)–(M))

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gf/fo0fL oftfoft Joj;foL ;+3åf/f ;+rflnt 6f6f ;'df] ;]jf sf7df8f}+af6 blIf0fsfnL, kmlk{ª, x]6f}8f x'Fb} jL/u~h;Dd lzv/fk'/ oftfoft k|f= ln= a; 5'6\g] ;do 6f6f ;'df] ;]jf laxfg ^ ah]b]lv ( ah];Dd x/]s cfwf÷3G6fdf 5'6\g] l/he{sf nflu ;Dkks{ M laxfg !) ah]b]lv a]n'sf $ ah];Dd x/]s Ps÷Ps 3G6fdf 5'6\g] )!$^&#@^), (*$!%&^(#) ;Dks{ M d'Vo sfof{no M x]6f}8f )%&–%@!^&) sf7df8f}+ blIf0fsfnL s'n]vfgL x'Fb} x]6f}8f zfvf sfof{no aNv' $^&)&$& lj/u~h sn}of rk'/ nfnaGbL;Dd zfvf sfof{no jL/u~h )%!–%@)^!$ df]= (*$!–$)@$%$, (*$!–%#*!^$, (*$!–$&(@(&

em"6f] cf/f]k nfUg ;S5, vr{sf] ult tLj| . d]if M P]ltxfl;s sfd aGg], wg cfh{g x'g] of]u . j[if M ldy'g M e]63f6n] ;kmntfsf] dfu{, ;xof]uLx¿df j[l4 . ss{6 M ljjfb a9\g,] b}lgs sfo{df cj/f]w . l;+x M lg0ff{os efjgf sdhf]/, pbf;Lgtf a9\g] . sGof M lrGtfn] ;tfpg], vr{df ;f]re] Gbf j[l4 . t'nf M 7"nf JolQmn] e/f];f ug],{ ;+oldt aGg' g} a]; . j[lZrs M dfg–;Ddfg kfpg] of]u, k|d] df ;kmntf . dxŒjk"0f{ sfdsf] 6'u+ f] nfUg], k/qmd a9\g] . wg' M ds/ M lhDd]jf/L k"/fug{ sl7g, dgf]an sdhf]/ . s'De M c¿sf] ljZjf; kfq aGg], /fhgLltdf ;kmn . dLg M j}bl] zs sfo{ kmnbfoL, cfslif{t aGg dg nfUg] ef]lnsf] k~rf+u M >Lzfs] !(#%, lj=;+ @)&), df3 !% ut], a'waf/ @( tfl/v, hgj/L @)!$, k/fejgfd ;+jT;/], pQ/fo0f] lzlz/ Ctf}, df3 s[i0fkIf qof]bzL $÷!^ -pk|fGt rt'bz { L_ ltly, k"ji{ ff9f gIfq @*÷@(, xif{if of]u &÷$%, eb|f s/0f, cfgGbflb of]udf >LjT; of]u, rGb|df wg' /flzdf, lbgdfg @^÷%^, ;"of]b{ o ^÷%$ ;"of{t !&÷$! .


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#

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;f]n'v'Da'sf] gfDr]l:yt yfd]df ef/L lxdkftkl5sf] b[Zo .

! dlxgfdf ! nfv !@ xhf/ /fxbfgL hf/L sf7df8f}+, df3 !# . /fxbfgL ljefun] ut k';df ! nfv !@ xhf/ /fxbfgL hf/L u/]sf] 5 . /fxbfgL k|flKtsf nflu ;]jfu|fxLsf] rfk clws ePkl5 ljefun] !@ 306feGbf a9L ;do sd{rf/L kl/rfng u/]/ pQm kl/df0fsf /fxbfgL hf/L u/]sf] xf] . /fxbfgL 5fKg] oGqsf] ;'b[9Ls/0f / ljBdfg hgzlQmnfO{ laxfg & ah]b]lv !@ 306f;Dd kl/rfng ubf{ pQm k|ult ePsf] /fxbfgL ljefusf dxflgb]{zs /d]zk|;fb vgfnn] atfP . /fxbfgL ljt/0f k|lqmofnfO{ qmdzM ;xh kfl/Psf] atfpFb} pgn] To;sf lglDt /fhwfgL cfpg'gkg]{ jftfj/0f tof/ x'Fb} uPsf] pNn]v u/] . lhNnf–lhNnfdf ;dod} /fxbfgL k'¥ofOg] klg pgn] hfgsf/L lbP . …o;cl3 sDtLdf $% lbgdf dfq lhNnfdf /fxbfgL k'UYof] eg] ca Ps dlxgfdf ;]jfu|fxLn] cfkm\g} lhNnfdf /fxbfgL kfpF5g\Ú, pgn] eg] . /fxbfgL hf/L u/]afkt ljefun] b}lgs @ s/f]8 ¿k}ofF /fh:j ;+sng ub}{ cfPsf] hfgsf/L lbFb} pgn] lhNnf, ljb]zl:yt g]kfnL b"tfjf; / lgof]uaf6 ljt/0f ul/Psf /fxbfgLsf] b:t'/ Tot}af6 /fh:j vftfdf hDdf ug]{ k/Dk/f /x]sf] atfP . cxf]/fq /fxbfgL pTkfbgdf vl6Psf sd{rf/LnfO{ s]xL k|f]T;fxg eQf pknAw u/fpg'kg]{df klg pgn] hf]8 lbP . …;/sf/;dIf cg'/f]w u/]sf 5f}+, zL3| lg0f{o x'g]df xfdL cfzfjfbL 5f}+Ú, k|f]T;fxg eQfn] pTkfbsTj cem a9fpg] ljZjf; dxflgb]{zs vgfnn] JoQm u/] . -/f;;_

t:jL/ M /f;;

6fOD; ;+jfbbftf sf7df8f}+, df3 !# . g]kfnsf nflu ef/tLo /fhb"t /0flht /fon] ;'/Iff / cfly{s ljsf;sf] d'2fdf g]kfn–ef/t ldn]/ cl3 a9\g'kg]{ atfPsf 5g\ . /fon] g]kfndf /fhgLlts :yfloŒj sfod eP b'O{ d'n'saLrsf] ;DaGw cem} k|uf9 x'g] ljZjf; JoQm u/]sf 5g\ . /fhb"t /fon] g]kfnsf] hn;|f]t, ko{6g / s[lifdf b'O{ d'n'saLr ;fem]bf/L ;Dej ePsf] ;d]t pNn]v u/]sf 5g\ . …b'O{ d'n'saLr ;d:ofsf Ph]08f n'sfP/eGbf klg v'n]/ s'/f ug'{k5{Ú /fhb"t /fon] l/kf]6{;{ Snaåf/f cfof]lht sfo{qmddf ;f]daf/ eg], …xfdLaLr x/]s ;d:of ;dfwfg x'g ;Sg] cj:yf 5 . b'O{kIfLo 5nkmnaf6 ;d:of ;dfwfg ug'{k5{ .Ú ef/tLo /fhb"t /fon] 3lgi7 ;DaGw ePsf sf/0f g]kfn–ef/t ;DaGwdf ;d:of cfpg] t/ 5nkmnaf6 ;dfwfg x'g] pNn]v u/] . pgn] zflGt, ;'/Iff / cfly{s ljsf; Ps csf{;Fu cGt;{DalGwt /x]sf] :ki6 kfb}{ cfk;L 5nkmn u/]/ ;femf ;dfwfg vf]Hg'kg]{df hf]8 lbP . b'O{ d'n'saLrsf] ;DaGwaf6 Ps÷csf{n] s;/L kmfObf lng ;lsG5 eg]/ x]g'{kg]{df pgsf] hf]8 lyof] . …;femf b[li6sf]0f cfjZosÚ k|d'v bnsf bf];|f] k':tfsf g]tfn] g]kfn– ef/t ;DaGwdf ;a} bnsf] ;femf wf/0ff aGg'kg]{

*^ xhf/ e"6fgL z/0ffyL{ t];|f] d'n'sdf 6fOD; ;+jfbbftf sf7df8f}+, df3 !# . g]kfnsf ljleGg z/0ffyL{ lzlj/af6 *^ xhf/ ^& hgf e"6fgL z/0ffyL{ t];|f] d'n'sdf :yfGt/0f ePsf 5g\ . ;f]daf/ ;"rgf tyf ;~rf/dGqfnodf cfof]lht kqsf/ ;Dd]ngdf u[xdGqfnon] o:tf] hfgsf/L lbPsf] xf] . u[xk|jQmf z+s/k|;fb sf]O/fnfn] emfkf / df]/ªsf ljleGg z/0ffyL{ lzlj/df /x]sf z/0ffyL{ cd]l/sf, Sofg8f 8]gdfs{nufot d'n'sdf k'g:yf{kgf eO;s]sf] hfgsf/L lbP . pgn] cWofudg k|0ffnLdf ;'wf/sf] sfd eO/x]sf], em'Dsf, eLdkm]bL, gVv' kfNkf / ;'v]{t sf/fuf/sf Ifdtf lj:tf/ ug]{ sfd ePsf], afFs]sf] ugfk'/df v'nf sf/fuf/ lgdf{0fsf nflu nfut cg'dfg ug]{ sfo{ ePsf] atfP . /Iff dGqfnosf k|jQmf åfl/sfk|;fb cfrfo{n] lrlgofF ;/sf/n] g]kfnL ;]gfsf nflu b'O{j6f df]jfOn c:ktfn ;~rfngsf nflu kfFr s/f]8 () nfv cf/PdaL -lrlgofF /sd_ pknAw u/fpg] atfP . ut ;fpg dlxgfdf k|wfg;]gfklt uf}/jzDz]/ /f0ffn] rLg e|d0fsf a]nfdf u/]sf] ;Demf}tfadf]lhd rLgn] ;f] /sd pknAw u/fpg nfu]sf] xf] . pgsf cg';f/ rLgn] g]kfnL ;]gfsf nflu yk kfFr s/f]8 cf/PdaL ;xfotf pknAw u/fpg] ;DaGwdf ;Demf}tf klg eO;s]sf] 5 . blIf0f ;'8fgdf yk * ;o %) zflGt ;]gf v6fpg] dlGqkl/ifb\sf]

lg0f{oadf]lhd xfO6Ldf t}gfy # ;o %) ;]gfnfO{ blIf0f ;'8fgdf k7fOPsf] pgn] hfgsf/L lbP . lgjf{ r g cfof] u sf k| j Qmf jL/axfb' / /fO{ n ] ut d+ l ;/ $ ut] ;DkGg ;+ l jwfg;efsf] lgjf{ r gdf $ ca{ ^) s/f] 8 $) nfv ¿k} o fF vr{ ePsf] hfgsf/L lbP . $) /fli6« o / # cGt/f{ l i6« o ko{ j ] I fs ;+ : yfn] k] ; u/] s f] k| l tj] b gdf lgjf{ r g :jtGq, lgikIf / wfF w nL/lxt 9+ u af6 ;DkGg ePsf] , dtbftfsf] pT;fxhgs ;xeflutf /x] s f] / lgjf{ r g Joj:yf /fd| f ] /x] s f] pNn] v ePsf] k| j Qmf /fO{ n ] atfP . e" l d;' w f/ tyf Joj:yf dGqfnosf k| j Qmf s[ i 0f/fh la;Ln] @& xhf/ % ;o &) d' Q m sd} o fdWo] @$ xhf/ & ;o &^ hgf k' g :yf{ k gf eO;s] s f] hfgsf/L lbF b } rfn' cfjdf @ ;o *# kl/jf/nfO{ hUuf vl/b u/L k' g :yf{ k gf ul/Psf] pNn] v u/] . !( xhf/ %( d'Qm xlnof kl/jf/dWo] xfn;Dd !) xhf/ !)% hgfsf] k|df0fLs/0f eO;s]sf] pgn] hfgsf/L lbP . /fli6«o ;ts{tf s]Gb|sf k|jQmf s[i0fk|;fb kf}8\ofnn] /]l8of] g]kfn, /fli6«o v]ns'b kl/ifb\, cfo'j]{b lrlsT;fno g/b]jL, ;Nofg lhNnf hg:jf:Yo sfof{nonufotsf lgsfodf eO/x]sf clgoldttfaf/] 5fglag u/L sf/afxLsf] nflu clVtof/ b'¿kof]u cg';Gwfg cfof]udf k7fOPsf] atfP .

b}lgs #%) o'lg6 /ut dfu uf}tda'4 jh|frfo{ sf7df8f}+, df3 !# . sf7df8f}+df xfn b}lgs # ;o %) o'lg6 /utsf] dfu /x]sf] g]kfn /]8qm; ;f];fO{6L s]Gb|Lo /Qm;~rf/ ;]jfn] hgfPsf] 5 . g]kfn /]8qm; ;f];fO{6L s]Gb|Lo /Qm;~rf/ ;]jfsf lgb]{zs 8f= dlgtf /fhsl0f{sf/n] s]Gb|n] xfn b}lgs # ;o o'lg6;Dd /ut ;+sng ul//x]sf] tyf ;]jfu|fxLsf] dfuadf]lhd g} kof{Kt dfqfdf /utsf] pknAw u/fOFb} cfPsf] hfgsf/L lbP . …KnfHdfÚ / …KofS;nÚ gfds /utsf] dfqfdf s]xL cefj b]lvP klg ljleGg c:ktfn / la/fdLn] dfu]/ nu]sf /utdWo] sl/a ! ;o o'lg6;Ddsf] /ut lkmtf{ klg x'g] u/]sf] pgn] hfgsf/L lbP . s]Gb|;Fu …g]u]l6e u|'kÚ sf] /utsf] eg] df}Hbft gePsf] lgb]{zs /fhsl0f{sf/sf] egfO 5 . vf;u/L /QmcNktf, ljleGg k|sf/sf zNolrlsT;f, aRrf hlGdg'cl3 / kl5, kf7]3/sf] zNolqmof, SofG;/ / lduf{}nfsf /f]uLsf nflu tyf d'6'sf] zNolqmofdf /ut cfjZos x'G5 . 8f= 

/fhsl0f{sf/n] eg], …8fonf]l;;, x]df]lkmlnof -ˆofS6/–*sf] sdL_ ePsf /f]uLnfO{ klg /utsf] cfjZostf k5{ .Ú ljz]ifu/L !^ jif{ k"/f eO{ ^) jif{ pd]/ ggf3]sf JolQmn] x/]s #÷# dlxgfdf /Qmbfg ug{ ;lsg] atfOPsf] 5 . pgn] ;dfh;]jL ;+3;+:yfn] lgoldt ¿kdf /ut ;+sng sfo{qmddf ;xof]u u/]sf] cj:yfdf sf7df8f}+ pkTosfdf /utsf] cefj gx'g] atfP . ;+slnt /utdf PrcfO{eL, x]kf6fOl6; aL, lel/+uLh:tf /f]usf ls6f0f'sf] k/LIf0fkl5 dfq s]Gb|n] la/fdLsf nflu k7fpg] ub}{ cfPsf] 5 . 8f= /fhsl0f{sf/n] ljutsf lbgdf la/fdLsf cfkmGt cfkm}+ cfP/ s]Gb|af6 /ut lnP/ hfg] k|rng /xFb} cfPsfdf la/fdL tyf ;]jfu|fxLnfO{ ;'ljwf lbg] p2]Zon] c:ktfn cfkm}+n] la/fdLsf nflu cfjZos /ut s]Gb|af6 lnP/ hfg ;lsg] Joj:yf ul/Psf] klg hfgsf/L lbP . xfn o:tf] Joj:yf kf6g c:ktfn, k|x/L / ;}lgs c:ktfn, g]kfn d]l8sn sn]h, gf]a]n c:ktfn / u|fG8L OG6/g];gn c:ktfnn] To:tf] ;'ljwf kfPsf] / pgLx¿

cfkm}+n] la/fdLsf nflu cfjZos /ut lnP/ hfg] u5{g\ . /ut cefj ePsf] cj:yfdf a9L /sd lt/]/ /ut vl/b ug'{kg]{ cj:yf 5 ls egL ;f]lwPsf] k|Zgsf hjfkmdf clxn] To:tf] ;d:of g/x]sf] atfpFb} pgn] pks/0f / ;]jf z'Ns lnP/ s]Gb|n] la/fdLnfO{ lgMz'Ns /ut pknAw ub}{ cfPsf] hfgsf/L lbP . /utsf] cefj Go"gLs/0f ug{ df/jf8L ;]jf ;ldltsf] ;xof]udf e"uf]n kfs{df x/]s laxLaf/ / z'qmaf/ tyf g]kfn /]8qm; ;f];fO{6Lsf] pkzfvf sfof{no rfjlxndf x/]s cfOtaf/ /Qmbfg ul/g] Joj:yf s]Gb|n] ldnfPsf] 5 . cfly{s jif{ @)^(÷&) df b]zJofkL ¿kdf # xhf/ $ ;o &@ ;+3;+:yfn] tyf sf7df8f}+ pkTosfsf ! xhf/ @ ;o !* ;+3;+:yfn] /ut ;+sngdf ;xof]u u/]sf] atfOPsf] 5 . sf7df8f}+ pkTosfdf ;+slnt /utdWo] PrcfO{eL ;+qmldtsf] ;+Vof )=)& k|ltzt, x]kf6fOl6; aL /f]uLsf] ;+Vof )=@@ k|ltzt, x]kf6fOl6; ;L /f]uLsf] ;+Vof )=$& k|ltzt tyf lel/+uLsf] ;+Vof )=%* k|ltzt kfOPsf] s]Gb|n] hgfPsf] 5 . -/f;;_

/ g]kfnsf] lxtdf ;DaGwsf] pkof]u ug'{kg]{ atfPsf 5g\ . ;f]xL sfo{qmddf g]tfx¿n] ef/tsf] cfly{s ;d[l4af6 kmfObf lng'kg]{df klg hf]8 lbPsf 5g\ . g]kfnL sf+u|];sf dxfdGqL s[i0fk|;fb l;6f}nfn] g]kfn–ef/t ;DaGwsf ljifodf bnx¿n] ;femf wf/0ff agfpg g;Sbf kf/:kl/s nfe lng g;s]sf] pNn]v u/] . ef/tsf ljifodf ;femf wf/0ff agfP/ cfufdL !) jif{df g]kfndf hn;|f]tsf] kof{Kt ljsf; ug'{kg]{ l;6f}nfsf] egfO lyof] . l;6f}nfn] ef/tsf] ;'/Iff rf;f]cGtu{t g]kfnL e"ldsf] k|of]u u/]/ x'g] ef/tlj/f]wL ultljlw lgoGq0f ug'{kg]{df hf]8 lbP . g]skf Pdfn]sf g]tf s]kL zdf{ cf]nLn] g]kfn / ef/raLr Ps csf{lj?4 sf8{ k|of]u u/]/ ;DaGw ;'dw'/ gx'g] atfP . pgn] Pscfk;sf] ;Ddfg, cx:tIf]k / ;xof]usf] ¿kdf ;DaGw yk k|uf9f agfpg'kg]{ pgsf] egfO lyof] . cf]nLn] g]kfn–ef/t ;DaGwsf r'gf}tL ;dfKt x'Fb} uPsf] tyf ca ;Defjgfdfq afFsL /x]sf] ts{ u/] . cf]nLn] d08n] / …slyt qmflGtsf/L /fi6«jfbÚ 5f8]/ ;xcl:tŒj, ;Ddfg / kf/:kl/s nfesf] cfwf/df ;DaGw cl3 a9fpg'kg]{ wf/0ff /fv] . l5d]sL ef/t / rLgsf] k|ultaf6 g]kfnn] kmfObf lng'kg]{ klg cf]nLsf] egfO lyof] . cf]nLn] ;dfgtfsf] cfwf/df ef/tn] xft km'sfP/ g]kfnsf] ljsf;df

;xof]u ug'{kg]{ atfP . PsLs[t dfcf]jfbLsf g]tf /fd sfsL{n] g]kfn–ef/t ;DaGwdf hgtfnfO{ dxŒj glbOPsf] cf/f]k nufP . pgn] b'O{ d'n'saLr s"6gLltsdfq geP/ /fhgLlts bn / ;+:yfx¿sf] ;DaGwnfO{ cl3 a9fpg'kg]{df hf]8 lbP . sfsL{n] cGw/fi6«sf] cfFvfaf6 ca l5d]sL d'n's;Fusf] ;DaGw x]g{ gx'g] klg atfP . pgn] g]kfnnfO{ ;xof]u ubf{ ef/t / rLg b'j} lxt x'g] klg ljZjf; JoQm u/] . blIf0f Pl;ofsf] /fhgLltdf cfwf/e"t cfjZostfdf hgtfsf] rf;f] a9\g yfn]sf] eGb} sfsL{n] ca /fli6«otfsf] cleofgs} ;dLIff ug'{kg]{ pNn]v u/] . g]skf–dfcf]jfbLsf pkfWoIf ;LkL uh'/]nn] cfkm"x¿ ef/tlj/f]wL gePsf] eGb} k~rlznsf] cfwf/df ef/t;Fusf] ;DaGw yk ;'dw'/ agfpg'kg]{ atfP . …xfdL s'g} /fi6«sf] lj/f]wL xf]Ogf+} ef/t;Fu ;dfgtfsf] cfwf/df c;n ;DaGw agfpg' k5{dfq eGg vf]h]sf xf}+,Ú uh'/]nn] eg] . dw];L hgclwsf/ kmf]/d g]kfnsf cWoIf pk]Gb| ofbjn] ef/tsf] lj/f]w ug]{ /fi6«jfbsf sf/0f g]kfnnfO{ xfgL x'Fb} cfPsf] atfP . ofbjn] @! cf}+ ztfAbL cg's"n x'g] u/L ljsf; / :jfwLgtfsf] cfwf/df g]kfn–ef/t ;DaGw abNg'kg]{ atfP . /fhgLlts ¿kdf :jfoQ, ;'/lIft / ;DkGg x'g' clxn]sf] /fli6«o :jfy{ ePsf] pgsf] egfO lyof] .

/fli6«o sfo{ljlw ;~rfng x'“b} sf7df8f}+, df3 !# . ;/sf/n] ;z:q åGåaf6 k|efljt afnaflnsfsf] k'g:yf{kgf ug{ /fli6«o sfo{ljlw ;~rfng ug]{ ePsf] 5 . zflGt tyf k'g:yf{kgf dGqfnosf cg';f/ åGå k|efljt afnaflnsfsf] ;xL tYof+s cfpg g;s]sf sf/0f ;f] sfo{ljlw Nofpg nfluPsf] xf] . dGqfnosf] tYof+scg';f/ cf7 xhf/ @ ;o %^ hgf åGå

k|efljt JolQmsf afnaflnsf, % ;o @@ hgf 6'x'/f / #^ hgf 3fOt]sf ;Gtfg u/L hDdf cf7 xhf/ * ;o !* hgf afnaflnsfn] dfq ;/sf/sf] 5fqj[lQ k|fKt ub}{ cfPsf 5g\ . ;a} åGå k|efljt afnaflnsfsf] ;xL tYof+s cfpg g;s]sf sf/0f yf]/} afnaflnsfn] dfq ;f] 5fqj[lQ kfpg ;s]sf]

eGb} ;a} afnaflnsfsf] ;xL tYof+s ;+sng u/L pgLx¿nfO{ /fxt k|bfg u/fpg sfo{ljlw Nofpg nfu]sf] dGqfnosf ;"rgf clwsf/L bfdf]b/ e08f/Ln] hfgsf/L lbP . ;f] sfdsf nflu ;a} ;'emfj ;+sng u/L :jLs[t ePsf] sfo{ljlw zflGt sf]ifdf k]; ul/ ;s]sf] hfgsf/L u/fpFb} zflGt

sf]ifaf6 ah]6 :jLs[t ePdf ;f] sfo{ljlw rfF8} g} ;~rfng x'g] pgsf] egfO 5 . ;f] pgsf cg';f/ sfo{ljlwdf ;a} lhNnfsf åGå k|efljt afnaflnsfsf] tYof+s ;+sng u/L lzIff, /f]huf/nufot yk sfo{qmd tyf /fxt k|bfg ug]{ p2]Zo sfo{ljlwdf pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 . -/f;;_


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;8s ;j]{If0fsf] cj/f]w x6fOg] /fh]Gb| /fO{ vf]6fª, df3 !# . vf]6fªsf] /;'jf3f6–sfnfkfgL–vf]6fªahf/ ;8s ;j]{If0fsf] qmddf k'¥ofOPsf] cj/f]w v'nfpgsf nflu :ynut cWoogsf] tof/L ul/Psf] 5 . ;8s ;j]{If0fsf qmddf l;DkfgL uflj;sf :yfgLojf;Laf6 k'¥ofOPsf] cj/f]w v'nfpg] lhDd]jf/L kfPsf] :yfgLo zflGt ;ldltsf] cfXjfgdf a;]sf] ;j{bnLo a}7sn] :ynut cWoog u/L ;d:of xn ug]{ lg0f{o u/]sf] xf] . ljjfb ;dfwfgsf] kxn:j¿k df3 @@ ut] lbQm]naf6 ;j{kIfLo 6f]nL ljjflbt:yntkm{ :ynut cWoogdf hfg] lg0f{o ul/Psf] ;ldltsf ;+of]hs /fdk|;fb b+ufnn] atfP . lhNnfl:yt /fhgLlts bnsf k|d'v, k|zf;g, lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltsf k|ltlglwx¿ ;lDdlnt ;j{bnLo 6f]nLdfkm{t :ynut cWoog ug]{ / ljjfb ;dfwfg ug]{ lg0f{o ul/Psf] b+ufnn] hfgsf/L lbP . cj/f]wsf ljifodf :ynut cWoog u/]/ kmls{Pkl5 cfjZos ;xdlt sfod ub}{ lgjf{w ¿kdf ;8s lgdf{0fsf] sfd ug]{ jftfj/0f l;h{gf ug{ kxn ul/g]5 . /fhgLlts bnsf :yfgLo g]tfx¿sf] 3/ kfosaf6 ;8s 

s}nfnLsf] kxf8L uflj; v}/fnfsf :yfgLo ufpF3/df t]n k]Ngsf nflu agfOPsf] sf]ndf t]n k]Nb} . klxn] htftt} b]lvg] of] sf]n clxn] nf]k x'Fb} 5 .

efn'sf] cfqmdaf6 3fOt] vf]6fª, df3 !# -6f;_ . h+unL efn'sf] cfqmd0faf6 vf]6fªdf Ps o'jf 3fOt] ePsf 5g\ . lgd{nL8fF8f % sf #) jifL{o nLnfk|;fb s7fot h+unL efn'sf] 6f]sfOaf6 uDeL/ 3fOt] ePsf x'g\ . ufpFs} /fOefg] eGg] h+undf lzsf/ v]Ng] eGb} uPsf s7fotnfO{ PSsfl; efn'n] cfqmd0f u/]sf] atfOPsf] 5 . cfkm" h+undf lxFl8/x]sf] cj:yfdf PSsfl; efn'n] cfqmd0f u/]kl5 s7fotsf] xft, v'§f / z/L/sf cGo ljleGg 7fpFdf ulx/f] rf]6 nfu]sf] s7fotsf cfkmGtn] atfP . cfqmdkl5 h+undf cr]t cj:yfdf /x]sf s7fotnfO{ pgsf ;fyLx¿n] :jf:Yo rf}sL;Dd NofPsf lyP .

lj/f6gu/ pkdxfgu/sf] ah]6 $( s/f]8 6fOD; ;+jfbbftf lj/f6gu/, df3 !# . lj/f6gu/ pkdxfgu/kflnsfn] cfufdL cfly{s @)&!÷&@ sf nflu $* s/f]8 (& nfv ?k}ofFsf]] cg'dflgt ah]6 k|:t't u/]sf] 5 . @% cf+} gu/kl/ifb\sf] cj;/df lj/f6gu/df ;f]daf/ ePsf] jflif{s gLlt sfo{qmd / ah]6 ;fj{hlgsLs/0f sfo{qmddf ah]6 k|:t't ul/Psf] xf] . pkdxfgu/kflnsfsf] gu/ kl/ifb\n] kfl/t u/]sf] ah]6 efiffljb\ afns[i0f kf]v/]nn]

7Ss/af6 aflnsfsf] d[To' nxfg, df3 !# -6f;_ . nxfg gu/kflnsf !) df ;f]daf/ 6\ofS6/sf] 7Ss/af6 Pshgf aflnsfsf] 36gf:ynd} d[To' ePsf] 5 . d[To' x'g]df nxfg ^ lgjf;L df]lxtnfn ;fxsL cGbfhL !* jifL{of 5f]/L ;f]ef ;fx /x]sf] lhNnf k|x/L sfof{no l;/xfsf k|x/L pk/LIfs k"0f{k|;fb hf]zLn] hfgsf/L lbP . nxfgaf6 pt/lt/ hfFb} u/]sf] ;!t @&&@ gDa/sf] 6\ofS6/ / ;f]xL lbzfaf6 cfpFb} u/]sf] ;fx ;jf/ ;fOsnnfO{ 6\ofS6/n] 7Ss/ lbPkl5 ;fxsf] 36gf:ynd} d[To' ePsf] k|x/Ln] hgfPsf 5g\ . 7Ss/ lbg] 6\ofS6/ k|x/Lsf] lgoGq0fdf 5 eg] 6\ofS6/ rfns km/f/ /x]sf] k|x/L hgfPsf 5g\ .

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;fj{hlgs u/]sf x'g\ . ah]6df cfotkm{ cfGtl/s ;|f]taf6 @) s/f]8 ^$ nfv & xhf/ % ;o, g]kfn ;/sf/ lgMzt{ cg'bfgaf6 !^ s/f]8 ^@ nfv &) xhf/ / ;Mzt{ cg'bfgaf6 * s/f]8 &$ nfv $! xhf/ @ ;o %), cGo bft[ ;+3;+:yfaf6 ! s/f]8 !% nfv / hg;xeflutfaf6 ! s/f]8 *) nfv *# xhf/ @ ;o %) ?k}ofF cg'dfg ul/Psf] 5 . ah]6df rfn' vr{sf nflu !$ s/f]8 !) nfv # xhf/ ljlgof]hg ul/Psf] 5 eg] ;fdflhs ;'/Iff

eQftkm{ % s/f]8 ljlgof]lht ul/Psf] 5 . o:t} ljsf; lgdf{0ftkm{ @( s/f]8 *^ nfv (( xhf/ ljlgof]lht ul/Psf] 5 . h;df ef}lts k"jf{wf/tkm{ !& s/f]8 *% nfv %$ xhf/, jftfj/0f tyf ;/;kmfOtkm{ ! s/f]8 %& nfv / ;fdflhs ljsf;tkm{ !) s/f]8 $$ nfv $% xhf/ ah]6 ljlgof]hg ul/Psf] 5 . pkdxfgu/kflnsfn] gu/kflnsfaf6 lnPsf] k]ZsL ;dod} km5\of]6{ ug{u/fpg ul7t k]ZsL tyf a]?h' km5\of]6{ ;ldltnfO{

cem a9L k|efjsf/L agfOg], ;Dk"0f{ s/ z'Ns a'emfO;s]kl5 dfq} ;]jfu|fxLnfO{ sfof{non] ;]jf pknAw u/fpg] gLlt s8fOsf ;fy nfu" ug{n] ufotsf gLlt tyf sfo{qmdx¿ cjnDag ug{] hgfPsf] 5 . ;fy} gu/ If]qleqsf ;8ssf] :t/f]Gtlt ug{ ;8s dfkb08ljk/Lt lgdf{0f ePsf ;+/rgfx¿ x6fOg], cfGtl/s tyf afÅo ko{6ssf ;fy} afnaflnsfnfO{ nlIft u/L lrN8«]g tyf gu/:t/Lo kfs{;d]t lgdf{0f ug{] sfo{qmdx¿ cjnDag ug{] hgfOPsf] 5 .

;/sf/n] em08} @$ s/f]8 nufgL ug]{ tof/L u/]sf] 5 . cfkm\gf] ufpF tyf a:tLnfO{ 5f8]/ v]t tyf h+unaf6 /;'jf– sfnfkfgL–vf]6fªahf/ ;8s lj:tf/ ug{ nfluPsf] eGb} :yfgLojf;Ln] ;8s ;j]{If0fdf cj/f]w k'¥ofPsf lyP . lhNnfl:yt ;j{bnLo a}7ssf] lg0f{okl5 lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltn] l;kmfl/; u/]sf] ;f] !% lsnf]ld6/ nfdf] ;8s ufpFnfO{ 5'jfP/ lgdf{0f ug]{u/L ;j]{If0f ug'{kg]{ pgLx¿sf] dfu 5 . lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltsf cg';f/ /;'jf– sfnfkfgL–vf]6fªahf/ ;8s lgdf{0f ug'{cl3 ljjfb x'Fb} cfPsf] / k6sk6ssf] 5nkmndf ;xdlt h'6fOP klg ;j]{If0fdf cj/f]w k'¥ofOFb} cfOPsf] 5 . ;xdlt h'6]kl5 kl5Nnf] ;dodf d+l;/ @^ ut] ;j]{If0fsf nflu k|fljlws 6f]nL vl6Psf lyP . o;cl3 ePsf] ljjfbsf sf/0f ut;fpg clGtd ;ftf otf ;8s ;j]{If0fsf] sfd 7Kk ePsf] lyof] . )^( c;f]h @( ut]sf] ;j{bnLo a}7sn] ;f] 8snufot cGo ;8snfO{ k|fyldstfdf /fv]/ cfly{s ;xof]usf nflu :jL; ;/sf/nfO{ cfu|x u/]sf] lyof] .

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nfu"cf}ifw sf/f]af/Lsf] ljz]if lgu/fgL /fw]Zofd ljZjsdf{ e}/xjf, df3 !# . v'nf ;Ldfsf sf/0f ¿kGb]xLsf] a]nlxof gfsf nfu"cf}ifwsf] sf/f]af/ a9\b} uO/x]sf] sf/0f k|x/Ln] of] gfsfdf ljz]if lgu/fgL a9fPsf] 5 . lhNnf k|x/L sfof{no ¿kGb]xLn] lgoGq0fdf lnPsf] nfu" cf}ifw k|of]ustf{ tyf lalqm ug]{x¿df clwsf+z zl//sf ljleGg efudf 6f6' nufPsf / czf]egLo ¿kdf d'Gb|f tyf cGo ;fdfg nufPsf] o'jfx¿ /x]sf]n] clxn] o:tf o'jfnfO{ ljz]if lgu/fgL a9fPsf] hgfPsf] 5 . lhNnf k|x/L sfof{no ¿kGb]xLn] ;f]daf/ e}/xjfdf kqsf/ ;Dd]ngsf] cfof]hgf u/L o:tf o'jfdf ljz]if s]lGb|t x'g] hgfPsf] xf] . kqsf/x¿nfO{ ;Daf]lwt ub}{ ¿kGb]xL k|x/L k|d'v P;kL ljqmd l;+x yfkfn] lhNnfn] kqmfp ug]{ nfu"cf}ifw 

b'Jo{;gL tyf cf];f/k|;f/stf{df &) k|ltzteGbf a9L o'jfn] 6f6' vf]]k]sf] tyf czf]egLo ¿kdf d'Gb|f nufPsf] b]lvPsf]n] o:tf o'jfdf ljz]if lgu/fgL a9fPsf] atfPsf x'g\ . w'd|kfg tyf nfu"cf}ifw lgoGq0f b:tfn] clxn] a]nlxof gfsfdf o:tf r'N7] d'Gb|] o'jfx¿nfO{ /f]sL ;f]wk'5 ug]{ u/]sf] atfPsf 5g\ . vfg tnfzLsf qmddf o:tf o'jfdf k|foM nfu"cf}ifw b'Jo{;gL e]l6g] u/]sf] yfkfsf] bfaL /x]sf] 5 . P;kL yfkfn] 3/df 5f]/f5f]/Ln] 6f6' vf]k]sf] / czf]egLo ¿kdf d'Gb|fnufotsf j:t' nufPsf] b]v] cleefjsx¿nfO{ ;d]t ;r]t /xg cfu|x u/]sf 5g\ . o;}aLr kqsf/ ;Dd]ngdf ef/L dfqfdf ;Ldfkfl/af6 g]kfn NofpFb} u/]sf] nfu"cf}ifw;lxt b'O{ o'jf kqmfp u/L ;fj{hlgs

u/]sf] 5 . sf7df8f}+ dxfgu/kflnsf & a:g] @& jifL{o cle;]if /fodfemLnfO{ k|x/Ln] ef/L dfqfdf nfu"cf}ifw a/fdb u/]sf] xf] . z/L/sf] sDd/df Knfl:6ssf] 6]kn] afFw]/ /fodfemLn] g]kfn NofpFb} u/]sf] g'lkmg ! ;o & l;;L, km]gf/ug ! ;o & l;;L / 8fOh]kfd ! ;o & l;;L;lxt O{nfsf k|x/L sfof{no a]nlxofn] kqmfp u/]sf] k|x/L k|d'vn] hgfPsf 5g\ . s]xL lbgotf ¿kGb]xL k|x/Ln] nfu"cf}ifw cf];f/k|;f/df s8fO u/]kl5 o:tf cf];f/k|;f/ stf{x¿ wdfwd kqmfp kg{ yfn]sf 5g\ . o;cl3 klg ¿kGb]xL k|x/Ln] !! ut] sf:sLsf] kf]v/f j8f g+= !@ a:g] @! jifL{o ljho u'?ª, nDh'ª ef]n]{6f/ # a:g] !( jifL{o clgz sfsL{, a'gkf !@ a:g] @! jifL{o ;lGbk /fgfnufotsf o'jfx¿nfO{ kqmfp u/]sf] k|x/Ln] hgfPsf] 5 .

o:tf] kf] k|]d ¤ ls/0f e§/fO{ O6x/L, df3 !# . cfhsf] o'udf cd/ k|]dsf] pbfx/0f syf, pkGof; / l;g]dfdf dfq kfOG5 eGg] wf/0ff sltko dflg;df kfOG5 . t/ o:tf] wf/0ffnfO{ unt ;fljt ug{ ;Ifd cd/ k|d] L–k|l] dsf cem} klg xfd|} ;dfhdf obfsbf kfOG5g\ . elgG5 k|d] cGwf] x'G5, t/ of] egfO ;a}df nfu" x'Fb}g . To:tf efUodfgLx¿ lgs} sd x'G5g\, hf] cfkm\gf] k|]d k|fKt ug{ h:tf];'s} afwf cj/f]w kG5fpg ;Ifd x'G5g\ . ckf+utf ePsf JolQmnfO{{ x]o b[li6n] x]g]{ xfd|f]h:tf] ;dfhdf klg ;a} ;'v ;'ljwf Tofu]/ ckf+utf ePsf] JolQmnfO{ g} hLjg;fyL /f]Hg ;Sg' sd 7"nf] ;fx; xf]Og . O6x/L gu/kflnsf hg;]jf 6f]n j8f g+ & a:g] ph'? ;/bf/sf] hLjgdf o:t} 36gf eof] . ;/bf/ @)^! ;fndf P;n;Lsf] k/LIff lbP/ SofDk; k9\gsf nflu s]xL /sdsf] hf]xf] ug]{ p2]Zo;lxt 3/glhs} O6x/L ahf/df 3/ agfpg] sfddf dhb'/L ug{ yfn]sf lyP . dhb'/L ug]{ qmdd} Ps lbg b'O{ tnf dflyaf6 v;]/ pxfFsf b'j} v'§f efFlrP . 8fS6/n] d]?b08sf] g;f …km\ofSr/Ú ePsf] eGb} zNolqmof ug'{kg]{ atfPsf lyP . 

gag] ePkl5 plgx¿s} pS;fx6df ;8s ;j]{If0fdf cj/f]w ;[hgf ul/Psf] ;|f]tsf] egfO 5 . ;8s ;j]{If0fsf] qmddf k'¥ofOPsf] cj/f]w gv'nfOP sl/a @$ s/f]8 ?k}ofF nufgL ug{ tof/ ePsf] :jL; ;/sf/ nufgL ug{af6 kl5 x6\g] lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltn] hgfPsf] 5 . h'g;'s} kf6L{ jf g]tfsf] pS;fx6df cj/f]w ;[hgf ul/Psf] eP klg pgLx¿nfO{ ;fDo kfg{ Pp6f ;femf lg0f{o ul/g] a}7sdf ;xefuL g]tfx¿n] atfPsf 5g\ . ;8s ;j]{If0fdf vl6Psf k|fljlws 6f]nLnfO{ :yfgLojf;Ln] cj/f]w k'¥ofPkl5 ;d:of ;dfwfgsf nflu ut k'; @$ ut] a;]sf] ;j{bnLo a}7sn] ;d:of xn ug]{ lhDd]jf/L :yfgLo zflGt ;ldltnfO{ ;'lDkPsf] lyof] . ;8s ;j]{If0fs} r/0fdf cfPsf] cj/f]w v'nfpgsf nflu lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltsf] cfXjfgdf k6sk6s a;]sf] ;j{bnLo a}7saf6 ;dfwfg glgl:sPkl5 ;dfwfg xn ug{sf nflu zflGt ;ldltnfO{ lhDd]jf/L lbOPsf] xf] . :yfgLojf;Lsf] cj/f]wsf sf/0f utk'; @ ut]b]lv ;8s ;j]{If0fsf] sfd 7Kk ag]sf] 5 . ;8s lgdf{0fsf nflu :jL;

zNolqmofsf nflu To;a]nf ^) xhf/ ?k}of nfUg] c:ktfnn] atfPkl5 ul/a blnt kl/jf/sf ;/bf/n] zNolqmofsf nflu cfjZos /sd h'6fpg ;s]gg\ / pkrf/ ug{ kfPgg\ . d2tsf nflu 3/ agfpg] 7]s]bf/ / 3/wgL ljZj lwdfnnfO{ klg pgn] pkrf/df ;xof]u ug{ cg'/f]w ubf{ klg gdfg]kl5 k|x/Ldf ph'/L xfn]sf] t/ k|x/Ln] 36gf ePsf] @$ 306f gf3]sf] eGb} s'g} sf/afxL ug{ g;Sg] eGb} klG5Psf] x'Fbf Totfaf6 klg pgn] s'g} ;xof]u kfpg ;s]gg\ . o;/L ckf+u hLjg latfO/xFbf klg pgn] cfkm\gf] hLjg;fyLsf] ;xof]u kfP/ v';Lk"j{s g} hLjg latfO/]sf 5g\ . plxn] :s'n k9\b} ubf{ ;/bf/;Fu lk/tLsf] 8f]/Ldf afFlwPsL /fwfb]jL g} clxn] pgsf] Ps dfq ;xf/f l5g\ . ev{/ j}+zsf] sf]lknf nfUbf b'j};Fu} lhpg] ;Fu} dg]{ s;d vfFb} cfkm\gf] lk/tLsf] uf]/]6f]df cl3 a9\b} lyP . t/ Tof] ofqf ;'? u/]sf] s]xL dlxgfd} b'ef{Uojz ;/bf/ Tof] b'3{6gfdf k/L 3fOt] eP / pgsf b'j} v'§f grNg] cj:yfdf k'u] . pgsL k]|ldsf /fwfb]jLn] pg}

;/bf/;Fu lax] ug]{ k|:tfj 3/df /fv] t/ pgsf] 3/sf kl/jf/n] v'§f grNg] ckf+u ;/bf/nfO{ 5f]/L lbg dfGg] s'/} lyPg . /fwfb]jL elG5g\, …pxfF 3fO{t] x'g]lalQs} ;f]xL jif{ aNhkm\tL d]/f] ljjfx cs}{ 7fpFdf ul/lbP . dnfO{ ljleGg oftgf lbP/ cs}{;Fu lax] ug{ afWo kfl/of] .Ú lax]kl5 klg pgsf] dgdf ;/bf/k|ltsf] dfof 36]sf] lyPg . lax] aGwgdf afFlwPsL /fwfb]jLn] cfkm\gf] efUonfO{ bf]if lbFb} kltsf] 3/df a:g'eof] t/ b'O{ ;GtfgsL cfdf eO;s]sL /fwfb]jL / ;/bf/sf aLrdf Ps lbg crfgs e]63f6 / s'/fsfgL ug]{ cj;/ h'6\g uof] . cfkm\gf] k|]dLsf] Tof] cj:yf b]v]/ lrlGtt ePsL /fwfb]jLn] cGttM cfkm\gf] kltnfO{ 5f]8]/ k]|dL ;/bf/;Fu g} afFsL hLjg latfpg] lgwf] ul/g\ . tLg jif{cl3 cfkm\gf] kltnfO{ 5f]8]/ k|]dL ;/bf/;Fu pgL ljjfx aGwgdf afFlwOg\ . /fwfb]jL elG5g\ …lax] ePsf] w]/}kl5 pxfF;Fu e]6 eof] . To;kl5sf lbgdf slxn]sfxLF e]6eO/xGYof] . t/ ha pxfFsf] hlt pkrf/ ubf{ klg v'§f lgsf] ePg / pgsf] cj:yf ca ;w+} o:t}

x'g]eof] eGg] yfxf kfPF ta d}n] g} ;xf/f lbg'k5{ eg]/ pxfF;Fu} 3/hd u/L hLjg latfpg] lgwf] u/]F .Ú /fwfb]jL kltnfO{ 5f]8]/ ph'?sf] 3/df cfP / :yfgLo ;dfh ldn]/ b'j}sf] lax] ul/lbP . xfn pxfFx¿sf] Ps jif{sf] Pp6f 5f]/f] klg 5 . ;/bf/ elG5g\, …d]/f] SofDk; k9\g] /x/ t k"/f x'g ;s]g, oxL 5f]/f]nfO{ w]/} k9fpg kfP x'GYof] eGg] ;f]r]sf] 5' .Ú b'j} v'§f grNg] ePsf]n] ;/bf/ a}zfvLsf] ;xf/fdf klg lxF8\g ;lSbgg\ . s]xL ;docl3 Pp6f k'/fgf] lx\jnlro/ ;xof]u kfPsf] t/ Tof] lx\jnlro/ klg efFlRrPkl5 emg} ;d:ofdf k/]sf lyP . pkrf/sf] cf; dfl/;s]sf ;/bf/ s'g} k;n u/L cfkm\gf] hLjg lgjf{x ug{ kfP x'GYof] eGg] ;f]rdf x'G5 . t/ k;n yfKgsf nflu klg cfjZos /sd blnt tyf ul/a kl/jf/sf pgL;Fu 5}g . ckf+utfdfly ljkGgtfsf] ;d]t hfFtf]df lkl;P/ eP klg rf]vf] dfofsf] ;xf/fn] b'j}n] ;Gtf]ifsf] hLjg latfP/ ;dfhsf cufl8 ckf+utfnfO{ dfofn] lhTg ;lsG5 eGg] pbfx/0f lbg ph'?–/fwfsf] hf]8L ;kmn /x]sf] 5 . -/f;;_

afh'/fsf] b'u{d laR5\ofF uflj;df ltAataf6 NofPsf] l9s] g'g;Fu rfdn ;fF6\b} :yfgLojf;L . t:jL/ M /f;; afh'/f, df3 !# . afh'/fsf] k"jf]{Q/L If]qsf sltko uflj;df clxn] klg cfof]l8go'Qm Kofs]6sf] g'geGbf ef]6sf] l9s] g'gsf] k|of]usf] b/ a9L /x]sf] 5 . g]kfn ;fN6 6«]l8ªn] ljt/0f ug]{ cfof]l8go'Qm g'g ljt/0fdf sdL ePsf sf/0f oxfFsf hgtfn] l9s] g'gsf] k|of]u ug'{ afWo x'g'k/]sf] xf] eg] csf]{lt/ l9s] g'g ahf/df ;xh} pknAw x'g] / cfof]l8go'Qm g'g kfOP klg k|z:t gkfOg] ePsf sf/0f of] ;d:of cfPsf] atfpF5g\ jfO{ uflj;sf gxs'n hf]zL . afh'/fsf] k"jf]{Q/L If]qsf b'u{d uflj;sf] ¿kdf /x]sf ?lug, laR5of, afFw', jfO{, h]sf]6 / ;fKkf6fnufotsf uflj; x'Dnf lhNnf;Fu hf]l8Psfn] x'Dnf xF'b}

ef]6af6 l9s] g'g cfpg] / ToxL g'gsf] k|of]u a9L ug]{ :yfgLosf] egfO 5 . o; If]qsf hgtfdf Kofs]6sf] g'gdf cfof]l8g ld;fOPsf] x'G5 / o;sf] k|of]un] xfd|f] z/L/df kmfObf k'¥ofOG5 eGg] yfxf gxF'bf l9s] g'gsf] k|of]u al9/x]sf] xf] eG5g\ lhNnf :jf:Yo sfof{no afh'/fdf cx]j /fdrGb| ofbj . Kofs]6sf] g'geGbf l9s] g'g a9L vkt x'G5, Kofs]6sf] g'g ;xh pknAw klg x'Fb}g ?lug uflj;sf Ps :yfgLo Jofkf/L k"j{nfn dnfnn] atfP . lhNnf ;b/d'sfd dft{8L / sf]N6Lsf] l8kf]df gf} ?k}ofF kg]{ Kofs]6 g'g oxfF;Dd k'Ubf %) kg]{ u/]sf] 5 . afh'/fsf] k"jf]{Q/L If]qsf

b'u{d uflj;sf] ¿kdf /x]sf ?lug, laR5ofnufotsf uflj; x'Dnf lhNnf;Fu hf]l8Psfn] x'Dnf xF'b} ef]6af6 l9s] g'g cfpg] / ToxL g'gsf] k|of]u a9L ug]{ :yfgLosf] egfO 5 . klxn] ef]6af6 ef]6] ;d'bfosf dflg;n] e]8fdf g'g lnP/ cfpg] / Ps s]hL g'gsf] b'O{ s]hL rfdn lbP/ ;f6]/ vfGYof}+ t/ clxn] Tof] ;d:of s]xL xb;Dd 6/] klg sltko If]qdf sfod /x]sf] :yfgLojf;Lsf] egfO 5 . l9s] g'geGbf b'O{ afnaflnsfsf] lrÅg ePsf] Kofs]6jfnf g'gdf cfof]l8g ld;fOPsf] / o;n] dflg;nfO{ unufF8 \ ] cfpg], ;':tMdgl:ylt / afdk'8s x'gaf6 arfpg] :jf:YosdL{sf] egfO 5 . -/f;;_


d'n's

@)&) df3 !$, d+unaf/ | Tuesday, 28 January, 2014

%

lrtjgdf tLg xhf/ afn>lds 3/]n' sfd afn>d cTolws lrtjg, df3 !# . lrtjgdf /x]sf afn>ldsdWo] cfwfeGbf a9L 3/]n' afn>ldssf ¿kdf /x]sf] kfOPsf] 5 . afnaflnsfsf] If]qdf bzsb]lv sfd ub{} cfPsf] ;+:yf lbofnf] kl/jf/ lrtjgn] u/]sf] Ps cWoogdf lhNnfdf s'n tLg xhf/ & ;o &^ afn>lds /x]sf]df %) k|ltzt a9L 3/]n' afn>ldssf] ¿kdf afnaflnsf /x]sf 5g\ . Ps xhf/ ( ;o %( afns / Ps xhf/ * ;o !& aflnsf /x]sf] lbofnf] kl/jf/sf sfo{sf/L lgb{]zs s]bf/gfy vgfnn] hfgsf/L lbP . pgLx¿dWo] lgs[i6 afn>ldssf] ¿kdf /x]sf] ;+Vof klg k|z:t} /x]sf] tYof+sdf pNn]v 5 . lrtjgsf] e/tk'/ / /Tggu/ gu/kflnsfdf ;a}eGbf a9L afn>lds /x]sf 5g\ . e/tk'/df Ps xhf/ ^ ;o !( / /Tggu/ gu/kflnsfdf % ;o ^% hgf afn>lds /x]sf] cWoogn] b]vfPsf] 5 . o:t} bf/]rf]s uflj;df ! ;o ##, zf/bfgu/df @ ;o $%, v}/xgL uflj;df &%, a5f}nL uflj;df ! ;o #( afn>lds /x]sf 5g\ . g]kfndf eg] lgs[i6 afn>ddf ^ nfveGbf a9L afnaflnsf /x]sf] Ps tYof+sn] b]vfPsf] 5 . ljZjdf Ps s/f]8 %* nfv afnaflnsf afn>ddf /x]sf] tYof+s 5 . afn>dsf ljifodf ;dfrf/x¿ ;~rf/ dfWoddf cfP ;/sf/L tj/af6 sfg'gL sf/afxLdf cu|;/tf x'g] / sfd

;Q/L nfv 5fqj[lQ ljt/0f DofUbL, df3 !# . lhNnf lzIff sfof{no DofUbLn] rfn' z}lIfs;q @)&) df ljBfyL{x¿nfO{ ;f9] &) nfv ?k}ofFeGbf a9L 5fqj[lQ ljt/0f u/]sf] 5 . lhNnfsf @ ;o $) ljBfnodf cWoog/t ljBfyL{x¿nfO{ 5fqj[lQ ljt/0fsf nflu &) nfv %$ xhf/ # ;o ?k}ofF vr{ ePsf] sfof{non] hgfPsf] 5 . sIff ! b]lv * ;Dd cWoog/t blnt ljBfyL{x¿nfO{ @( nfv #^ xhf/ * ;o / 5fqfsf nflu @% nfv *$ xhf/ ?k}ofF 5fqj[lQ ljt/0f ul/Psf] lhNnf lzIff sfof{nosf zfvf clws[t kmQmaxfb'/ >]i7n] hfgsf/L lbP . o;}u/L sIff ( / !) df cWoog/t ^ ;o *% hgf blnt ljBfyL{nfO{ k|ltJolQm % ;o ?k}ofFsf b/n] tLg nfv $@ xhf/ % ;o / & ;o ! hgfnfO{ dfWolds 5fqj[lQafkt !! nfv (! xhf/ ?k}ofF ljt/0f ul/Psf] 5 . atfP . -/f;;_

cgfysf] larNnL

nxfg, df3 !# . l;/xfsf] nxfg– $ l:yt ;u/dfyf cgfyfno aGb x'g] cj:yfdf k'u]kl5 ToxfF /x]sf afnaflnsfsf] larNnL ePsf] 5 . cgfyfno ;~rfns nxfg–@ sf /fhb]j dxtf]nfO{ 7uLsf] cleof]udf k|x/Ln] kqmfp u/]kl5 ToxfF /x]sf afnaflnsf x'g\ . larNnLdf k/]sf cgfyfnodf ljleGg 7fpFaf6 a]jfl/;] cj:yfdf km]nf k/]sf, k|x/Låf/f lhDdf nufOPsf;lxt tLgb]lv !$ jif{;Ddsf !) hgf cgfy afnaflnsfn] cf>o lnO/x]sf 5g\ . kf]lifnf] vfg]s/' f t k/} hfcf];\, laxfga]n'sfsf] vfgf, vfhf;d]t k]6el/ vfg gkfpFbf afnaflnsf sdhf]/ ePsf 5g\ . cgfyfnosf] bogLo cj:yf ePkl5 emfkfsf] bds–!# sL rfFbgL a:g]tn] #) xhf/ ?k}ofFa/fa/sf] rfdn, bfn, t/sf/L ;xof]u u/]sf] cgfyfno ;~rfns ;ldltsL pkfWoIf dLgf l;Gxfn] atfOg\ . cgfyfnonfO{ nxfg gu/kflnsfn] Ps lSjG6n bfp/f / Ps lSjG6n rfdn pknAw u/fPsf] 5 . cgfyfno

ug{] ;+3;+:yfsf] ;d]t Wofg hfg] ePsfn] ;~rf/sdL{sf] e"ldsf dxŒjk"0f{ x'g] o'lg;]kmsf Zofd/fh l3ld/]n] atfP . g]kfnsf] sfg'gdf !$ jif{d'lgsf afnaflnsfnfO{ s'g}

;~rfng ul/Psf] 3/sf] kl5Nnf] Ps jif{b]lvsf] 3/ef8f;d]t ltg{ g;Sbf 3/wgLn] 3/ vfnL ug{ eg]kl5 emg\ ;d:ofdf k/]sf] pkfWoIf l;Gxfn] atfOg\ . :yfgLo a]aL Pª\hn cfjf;Lo ljBfnodf kl9/x]sf rf/hgf cgfy afnaflnsfsf] z'Ns gcfPsf] eGb} ljBfnon] cw{jflif{s k/LIff;d]t lbg /f]s nufPsf] ;lrj ;fljqf ;'j]bLn] hfgsf/L lbOg\ . cgfyfnosf !$ jifL{o lszf]/ ;'/]z g]kfnsf] hGdhft b'j} xftsf] s'lxgfd'lgsf] efu geP klg sIff & df kl9/x]sf g]kfnn] k9]/ Ol~hlgo/ aGg] ;kgf /x]sf] ;'gfpFb} eg] …vfg a:g t ;d:of 5 g}, z'Ns a'emfpg g;s]/ ljBfnon] k/LIff g} lbg /f]s nufPkl5 ;d:ofdf af/fsf] lhtk'/ ahf/ :jR5 / ;kmf agfpg k/]sf 5f}+ .Ú cgfyfnosf nflu lhNnf afn sNof0f ;ldltaf6 b'O{ nfv / lhNnf ljsf; ;ldlt l;/xfn] Ps nfv ?k}ofFafx]s cGo s'g} bft[ ;+:yfaf6 ;xof]u gkfPsfn] / afnaflnsfnfO{ rGbf ;+sng u/]/ vfg] vr{ h'6fPsf] ;lrj ;'j]bLn] 6fOD; ;+jfbbftf pNn]v ul/g\ . -/f;;_ vf]6fª, df3 !# . vf]6fªsf] pQ/L If]qsf tLgj6f Onfsf kz';]jf sfof{nodf sd{rf/L gx'Fbf ;j{;fwf/0f df/df k/]sf 5g\ . Onfsf klg >ddf nufpg kfOFb}g . !$ kz';]jf sfof{no hfnkf, s'le08] / b]lv !^ jif{sf afnaflnsfnfO{ nfld8fF8fdf sd{rf/L gx'Fbf To; If]qsf ljleGg ;Ldf cf/fdsf] ;do, k9\g] ls;fg dsf{df k/]sf x'g\ . ;do, /fltdf k|of]u ug{ gkfOg], lhNnf kz';]jf sfof{nosf cg';f/ labfsf] ;donufot tf]s]/ sfddf axfnjfnf sd{rf/L ;?jf eP/ uPsf] nufpg'kg{] Joj:yf 5 . -/f;;_

sd{rf/L gx'Fbf ;]jfu|fxL df/df

;'/lIft ue{ktg u/fpg]sf] ;+Vof a9\of] bfª, df3 !# . ;/sf/n] ue{ktgnfO{ sfg'gL dfGotf lbPkl5 /fKtL c~rn c:ktfndf ;'/lIft ue{ktg u/fpg]sf] ;+Vofdf j[l4 ePsf] 5 . o; cfly{s jif{sf] xfn;Dddf ;f] c:ktfnaf6 ! ;o # hgf dlxnfn] pQm ;]jf lnPsf] c:ktfnn] hgfPsf] 5 . @)^% ;fndf hg:t/af6 :yflkt ;f] c:ktfnn] utjif{sf] kmfu'gb]lv dfq ;'/lIft ue{ktgsf nflu sfg'gL dfGotf kfPsf] lyof] . o;cl3 lhNnfdf /fKtL pkIf]qLo c:ktfn 3f]/fxL, d]/L :6f]K; ;]G6/ t'n;Lk'/ / kl/jf/ lgof]hg ;+3 bfªn] dfq pQm ;]jf ug]{ kfpg] sfg'gL dfGotf ' 8f= kfPsf lyP . c:ktfnsf k|dv s]bf//fh ;]~r'/Ln] ut ;fpgb]lv xfn;Dd c:ktfndf ! ;o # hgfn] ;'/lIft ue{ktg u/fPsf 5g\ . o;/L ue{ktg u/fpg cfpg]x¿df @) b]lv $) jif{sf /x]sf 5g\ . c:ktfndf cfPsfdWo]

s]xL cljjflxtf klg /x]sf 5g\ . h;df ;a}eGbf a9L bfªsf 5g\ eg] s]xL ;Nofg / /f]Nkf lhNNffsf klg /x]sf 5g\ . c:ktfnn] ;'/lIft ue{ktg u/fPafkt Ps xhf/ z'Ns lng] u/]sf] 5 . c:ktfnsf k|d'v 8f= ;]~r'/Ln] ue{ktg u/fpg'eGbf kl/jf/ lgof]hgsf ;fwgsf] k|of]u ug{' :jf:Yosf nflu /fd|f] x'g] atfpF5g\ . kl/jf/ lgof]hgsf ;fwgx¿ cljjflxtsf nflu klg c:ktfndf lgMz'Ns kfOG5 . c:ktfndf ue{ktg u/fpFbf ;a}n] b]Vg] / lrGg] 8/n] s]xLn] ;/sf/n] ue{ktgsf nflu sfg'gL dfGotf glbPsf 7fpFdf uP/ w]/} k};f vr{ u/L c;'/lIft ue{ktg u/fO/x]sf] klg 8f= ;]~r'/Ln] atfP . of] /fd|f] xf]Og, o:fn] dlxnfsf] Hofg hf]lvddf k'¥ofpF5 eGb} pgn] k|To]s dlxgfdf !@ hgfeGbf a9L cGoq ue{ktg u/fP/ k]6df cfwf aRrf /x]sf s];x¿ c:ktfndf cfpg] u/]sf] klg atfP . -/f;;_

sf/fuf/leq 9n k:bf y'g'jfnfO{ ;d:of alb{jf;, df3 !# . dxf]Q/L sf/fuf/ ejgleq 9nsf] kfgL k;]kl5 s}bL y'g'jfx¿ cK7\of/f]df k/]sf 5g\ . sf/fuf/leqsf] s}bL y'g'jf sIfd} gu/leqsf] 9ndf aUg] b'u{lGwt kfgL k;]kl5 pgLx¿ cK7\of/f]df k/]sf x'g\ . gu/leqsf] 9n Jojl:Yft gx'Fbf sof}+ 7fpFdf km'6]/ aflx/ au]sf] b'u{lGwt kfgL sf/fuf/leq k;]sf] sf/fuf/ k|zf;gn] :jLsf/ u/]sf] 5 . gu/sf ;a}h;f] lghL 3/cfFug / hUuf pFrf] kf/]/ el/Psfn] xf]rf] txdf cjl:yt sf/fuf/ ejgleq 9nsf] kfgL k;]sf] sf/fuf/ k|d'v zf]e]Gb| 7fs'/n] atfP . gu/leqsf] b'u{lGwt kfgL cfkm\gf] sIfdf k;]kl5 s}bL y'g'jfdf dxfdf/L km}lng ;Sg] qf;df b]lvPsf 5g\ . ejgleq

lgoldt ;/;kmfO gx'g] u/]sf] / kl5Nnf] k6s t, 9ns} b'u{lGwt kfgL k;]kl5 x}hf km}ng] 8/n] ;tfpg] u/]sf] ToxfFsf s}bL y'g'jfn] atfPsf 5g\ . lj;+ !(!# df lgdf{0f ePsf] k'/fgf] hL0f{ ejg eTsFb} hfg] qmd;Fu} a9\bf] s}bL y'g'jfsf] rfkn] ;'/Iff rfFhf]kfFhf] c:tJo:t aGg] u/]sf] sf/fuf/ k|zf;gs} u'gf;f] 5 . hDdf ! ;o #% dfq s}bL y'g'jf /fVg;Sg] Ifdtfsf] sf/fuf/df clxn] $ ;o *^ hgf s}bL y'g'jfsf] Joj:yfkg ug'{kbf{ 7fpFsf] Joj:yfkg, vfg]kfgL / zf}rfno / pkrf/ k|aGw ldnfpg wf}wf} kg]{ u/]sf] sf/fuf/ k|d'v 7fs'/n] atfP . kl5Nnf]k6s sf/fuf/ ejgleq 9nsf] b'u{lGwt kfgL k;]sf] u'gf;f] hn]Zj/ gu/kflnsf

t:jL/ M /f;;

;~rfng ul/Psf] ;kmfO cleofgdf ;xefuL :yfgLo afl;Gbf .

sfof{nonfO{ u/fOP klg s'g} rf;f] gb]vfPsf] sf/fuf/ k|zf;gsf] u'gf;f] 5 . To;}u/L sf/fuf/leqsf] k'?ifsIfdf b'O{j6f dfq vfg]kfgLsf] wf/f / zf}rfno ePsfn] ;f]sf] ;+Vof a9fpg pkNnf]txdf tfs]tf ul/P klg s]xL k|To'Q/ gkfOPsf] k|d'v 7fs'/sf] egfO 5 . dlxnf sIfdf klg Ps÷Psj6f dfq vfg]kfgL wf/f / zf}rfno x'Fbf s}bL y'g'jfnfO{ To;sf] pkof]udf cfkm\gf] kfnf] kv{g g} 306f}+ s'g'{kg]{ l:ylt /x]sf] s}bL y'g'jf / sf/fuf/sf sd{rf/Ln] Ps;fy atfpg] u/]sf 5g\ . sf/fuf/sf] dlxnfsIfdf clxn] ^ cfl>t afnaflnsf;lxt $% hgf dlxnf / k'?ifsIfdf $ ;o $! Hfgf s}bL y'g'jf /xFb} cfPsf 5g\ . -/f;;_

/ cfpg'kg]{ sd{rf/L gcfPsf sf/0f sfof{nodf sd{rf/Lsf] cefj ePsf] xf] . ut k'; ( ut] cfkm\gf] Onfsfdf sd{rf/L gePsfn] cfkm\gf] kz'x¿sf] pkrf/ ug{ gkfOPsf] eGb} tTsfn sd{rf/Lsf] Joj:yf ug{ dfu /fVb} hfnkf uflj;af6 lhNnf kz';]jf sfof{nodf 8]lnu];g 6f]nL cfPsf] eP klg ToxfF xfn;Dd sd{rf/L gcfPsf] gjbLk k|ultzLn gful/s ;r]tgf s]Gb|sf

cWoIf ;ldtf /fO{n] atfP . cfkm\gf] ufpFdf ljleGg kz'x¿sf] pkrf/ cefjsf sf/0f Iflt ePsf] ljj/ 0f;lxt lhNnfdf uP/ sd{rf/L k7fpg cg'/f]w u/] klg sfof{non] sfof{no ;xof]uLnfO{ dfq k7fPsf] 6f]nLdf cfPsf ;Dk"0f{ /fO{n] b'v];f] u/] . /fO{n] eg], …k|fljlws sd{rf/L gx'Fbf xfd|f] Iflt eof] eg]/ uPsf lyof}+, t/ sfof{no ;xof]uL dfq

k7fP/ emf/f] 6fg{ vf]lhof] .Ú :jL; ljsf; lgof]u -P;8L;L_ sf] sfo{qmdsf] ;xof]u tyf hg;]jf ;dfh g]kfnåf/f ;~rflnt ;fdflhs kl/rfng sfo{qmdcGtu{t ul7t gful/s ;r]tgf s]Gb|n] Ps jif{leq hfnkf uflj;df ePsf] Ifltsf] tYof+s ;+sng u/L lhNnf kz';]jf sfof{nodf 8]lnu];g uPsf] s]Gb|sf cWoIf /fO{n] hfgsf/L lbP .


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@)&) df3 !$, d+unaf/ | Tuesday, 28 January, 2014

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;xsf/L If]qdf ;'wf/ g]kfndf ;xsf/L cfGbf]ng ;'? ePsf] 5 bzs k'Ug} nfu]sf] 5 . @)!# ;fndf lrtjgdf avfg ;xsf/L :yfkgf ePkl5 ;xsf/L cfGbf]ng cl3 a9]sf] xf] . sl/a 5 bzsdf #) xhf/eGbf a9L ;xsf/L ;+:yf :yfkgf eO;s]sf 5g\ . ljkGg ;d'bfosf] cfly{s:t/ psf:g / /f]huf/L l;h{gf ug{ ;xsf/L cleofg ;kmntfs} af6f]df cl3 a9]sf] 5 . t/, ;xsf/Lsf] cg'ej ;'vb\ dfq} 5}g . ;kmntf;Fu} rsf]{ ljs[lt / lj;+ult klg lelqPsf] 5 . s]xL 7"nf ;xsf/Ln] nfvf}+ hgtfsf] caf}{+ /sd lgIf]k ;+sng u/]/ lkmtf{ gu/]sf 36gfx¿ 5g\ . sdhf]/ cfly{s cj:yf x'g]x¿sf] ljsf;df 6]jf k'Ug] pQd dfWodsf ¿kdf dflgPsf] ;xsf/Laf6} xhf/f}+ lgIf]kstf{ 7luPsf b[i6fGt 5g\ . ;xsf/Lk|lt /fHo / cfd gful/ssf] 7"nf] ljZjf; /x“bf–/xFb} o:tf] cj:yf cfpg'n] ;xsf/L cfGbf]ngsf] a9jfd} 7]; nfUg] cj:yf b]vfk/]sf] 5 . ;xsf/L If]qdf lgIf]k ;+sng, C0f nufgL / lgIf]k lkmtf{df b]lbPsf] ;d:ofsf] cWoog / 5fglag ug{ ;/sf/n] Ps pRr:t/Lo cfof]u u7g u/]sf] 5 . ljz]if cbfntsf k"j{GofofwLzsf] ;+of]hsŒjdf ul7t ‘;d:ofu|:t ;xsf/L hf“ra'em cfof]u’ df clxn] ph'/Lsf] rfª nfu]sf] 5 . clxn];Dddf cfof]un] &) j6f 7"nf ;xsf/LnfO{ ;d:ofu|:t 3f]if0ff u/]sf] 5 . 5fglag cl3 a9\b} hfFbf of] ;+Vof cem} a9\g] cj:yf b]lvPsf] 5 . cfof]un] 7"nf] dfqfdf lgIf]k ;+sng u/]/ lkmtf{ ug{ g;]ssf ;xsf/L ;+:yfx¿ ;d:ofu|:t dfg]sf] 5 . To:tf ;xsf/L ;+:yfdfly s:tf] sf/afxL ug]{ / kLl8t lgIf]kstf{nfO{ s;/L Gofo lbg] eGg] ljifo dxŒjk"0f{ 5 . cfof]un] lgikIf 5fglag u/L ;d:ofu|:t ;xsf/LnfO{ ;'wf/ ug]{ / ;'wf/ x'g g;Sg]nfO{ vf/]h u/L kLl8tnfO{ Gofo lbg] pkfosf] vf]hL ug{'k5{ . cfof]us} l;kmfl/;df ;/sf/n] cfjZos sf/afxL tyf ;'wf/sf] pko'Qm gLlt cjnDag ug]{ ePsfn] d'n'ssf] ;xsf/L cleofgnfO{ :jR5 / kmnbfoL agfpg cfof]un] dxŒjk"0f{ of]ubfg ug{;S5 . lgIf]kstf{sf] caf}{+ /sddfly v]Ng], 7uL ug]{nfO{ sfg'gL s73/fdf pEofpg cfof]un] d2t ug{;S5 . o;f] x'g;s] kLl8t lgIf]kstf{n] Gofo kfpg ;Sg]5g\ . g]kfn /fi6« a}+sn] klg sltko ;xsf/L ;+:yfnfO{ ;d:ofu|:t 3f]if0ff u/]sf] lyof] . sltko vf/]h;d]t ePsf lyP . ;d:of ;'? x'Fb} ltgsf] sf/f]af/ / nufgLdf /fHon] lgodg ug{ ;s]sf] eP xfn ;d:of olt rsf]{ x'g] lyPg . l9n} eP klg ;/sf/n] ;xsf/L ;+:yfsf] sf/f]af/df lgu/fgL a9fPsf] 5 . o;n] lg/Gt/tf kfpg'k5{ . lgIf]kstf{n] cfkm\gf] /sd lkmtf{ kfpg'k5{ / bf]ifLdfly sf/afxL x'g'k5{ . kl5Nnf b'O{ bzsdf b'|t ultdf ;xsf/L ;+:yf :yfkgf eP . ;xsf/L P]g @)$* cfPkl5 ;xsf/L ;+:yf v'Ng] ult a9]sf] xf] . ;xsfl/tfn] ;j{;fwf/0f gful/ssf] hLjg:t/ psf:g / /fHosf] ;'ljwf ;xh agfpg klg ;xh ePsf] 5 . cfly{s ljs;sf nflu ;/sf/n] ;xsfl/tfnfO{ cleGg c+usf ¿kdf lnFb} ufpFufpF;Dd ;xsf/L lj:tf/ ug{ k|f]T;flxt u/]sf] 5 . ;/sf/sf] tLgvDa] cfly{s gLltleq ;xsf/LnfO{ dxŒjsf ;fy ;d]l6Psf] 5 . o;;Fu} ;xsf/L ;+:yfnfO{ ;xsfl/tfsf] l;4fGtcg';f/ cfkm\gf ;b:ox¿sf] lxtdf ;Lldt ug'{k5{ . ;xsf/LnfO{ s]xL 6f7faf7fsf] sdfpg] / 7uL vfg] efF8f] agfpgaf6 hf]ufpg g;s] ;xsf/L cleofg g} c;kmn x'g ;Sg]5 .

kf08j, kfFr ufpF / sdn yfkf nf]stGqsf nflu hLjge/ n8]sf bn / ltgsf g]tfx¿sf cl3 lg/+s'ztfsf] ehgsLt{gdf hLjg ck]{sf sdn yfkfn] nf]stGqsf] b'xfO{ lbg' cfkm}+df nfhdbf]{ s'/f xf] . nIdLlszf]/ ;'j]bL

;+ljwfg;efsf] klxnf] a}7s @)&) df3 * ut] ;'? eO;s]sf] 5 . To;}u/L Joj:yflksf ;+;b\sf] a}7s eg] oxL df3 !@ ut]af6 ;'? ePsf] 5 . Joj:yflksf ;+;b\sf] klxnf] a}7s ;+;b\df k|ltlglwTj ug]{ bnsf cWoIfx¿n] Joj:yflksf ;+;b\nfO{ ;Daf]wg u/] . g]kfnL sf+u|];sf ;efklt tyf gj lgjf{lrt ;+;bLo bnsf g]tf ;'zLn sf]O/fnfn] cfkm\gf] ;Daf]wgdf ;a}sf] ;xdltdf ;/sf/ lgdf{0f u/L Ps jif{leq ;+ljwfg hf/L ug]{ s'/f cleJoQm u/] eg] Pdfn] cWoIf sd/]8 emngfy vgfnn] gofF hgfb]z d'tfljs /fi6«klt, pk/fi6«kltsf] gofF lgjf{rg x'g'k5{ eGb} /fi6«klt kbsf nflu cfkm\gf] bnsf] tkm{af6 ¥ofn r'xfP . dfcf]jfbL cWoIf k'iksdn bfxfnn] ljutdf cfkm"n] ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f ug{ g;s]sf] sdhf]/L :jLsf/ ub}{ To;sf] lhDdf cfkm" / cfkm\gf] bnn] lng] atfP . lxhf] cfkm" 7"nf] bn ePsf] cx+sf/df b[li6 aGb eP/ ax'n6\7L aGb} b]zsf] k|wfgdGqL kbsf] ul/df ;d]t la;]{/ Jojxf/ ub}{ lxF8]sf sd/]8 bfxfnn] o;k6s nfh} gdfgL clxn] s'g bn 7"nf] ef] / s'g ;fgf] ef] eGg] ;f]Rg] / lx;fa ug]{ a]nf xf]Og, ;a}sf] Wofg ca ;dodf -Ps jif{leq_ ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f u/L hf/L ug{]tkm{ nfUg'kb{5 eGg] s'/f af]n] .

lul/hfk|;fb sf]O/fnfsf] bf}/fsf] km]/ ;dft]/ v'nf /fhgLltdf kbfk{0f u/]sf / pg} lul/hfk|;fbnfO{ wf]sf lbPsf sd/]8 k|r08n] cfkm\gf] efif0fdf pgnfO{ af/Daf/ :d/0f u/] . kl5 uP/ dfq} a'l¢ cfpg] g]kfnL g]tfsf] cfdljz]iftf g} xf] . To;df sd/]8 k|r08 t cem klxnf] g} x'g\ . dw];L hgflwsf/ kmf]/d nf]stflGqssf cWoIf ljhos'df/ uR5bf/n] cl3Nnf] ;+ljwfg;efn] u/]sf lg0f{ox¿sf] :jfldTj lng'kg]{ s'/f atfP . cl3Nnf] ;+ljwfg;efn] u/]sf lg0f{ox¿sf] ;jfldTj lng] s'/fdf sf+u|];, Pdfn], dfcf]jfbL ;a} bn sdj]zL k|lta¢ g} b]lvPsf 5g\ t/ Tof] cleJolQmleqsf] nIo eg] ;a} bnsf] Ps ;dfg 5}g . sf+u|]; / Pdfn]n] :jfldTj lng] eg]sf] Tolta]nf ePsf] ljjfb/lxt lg0f{ox¿sf] :jfldTj lng] cyf{t\ km]l/ lg/Gt/tf lbg] eg]sf x'g\ . dfcf]jfbLsf] cfzo hftLo /fHo /xg] ;+3Lotf / lgjf{lrt /fi6«kltsf] zf;sLo :j¿kdf hfg'k5{ eGg] xf] eg] czf]s /fO{nufotsf ;fDk|bflos bnx¿sf] nIo cu|flwsf/ ;lxtsf hftLo /fHo x'g\ . Pp6} s'/f cleJoQm ul//xFbf klg nIo km/skm/s x'g'n] cfpg] lbgdf ;+ljwfg;efdf bnx¿aLr km]l/ 7"nf dt dtfGt/ / åGå x'g] lglZrt 5 . Joj:yflksf ;+;b\df af]Ng] jQmfx¿df o;k6s /fk|kf g]kfnsf cWoIf Pj+ ;+;bLo bnsf g]tf sdn yfkfsf] cleJolQm c¿sf] eGbf w]/} lx;fan] km/s lyof] . pd]/sf sf/0fn] ;efd'v lgjf{lrt gx'~h]n ;dfd'vsf] bfloTj kfPsf ;ef;b ;"o{axfb'/ yfkfsf] cWoIftfdf ePsf] Joj:yflksf ;+;b\sf] a}7sdf k|ToIflt/ Ps l;6 klg glht]sf t/ ;dfg'kfltstkm{ rf}yf] :yfg u|x0f ug{ k'u]sf] /fk|kf g]kfnsf cWoIf sdn yfkfsf] egfO rlr{t /Åof] . pgn] ljutsf] ;+ljwfg;efn] u/]sf lg0f{osf] :jfldTj lng] ;jfndf / cfufdL /fhgLltsf ;DaGwdf dxfef/tsf] pbfx/0f lbFb} d"nwf/sf d'Vo bnx¿nfO{ wDsLk"0f{ cleJolQm lbP . sdn yfkf / cfw'lgs dxfef/t ;+;b\df af]Nb} sdn yfkfn] d'Vo¿kdf b'O{j6f s'/fx¿ u/] . klxnf] s'/f pgn] cl3Nnf] ;+ljwfg;efn] u/]sf lg0f{osf] :jfldTj lng] d'Vo bnsf g]tfx¿sf] cleJolQmk|lt s8f k|ltjfb u/] . pgn] eg] –clxn]sf] lgjf{rgaf6 nueu &% k|ltzt ;ef;bx¿ gofF cfPsf 5g\ . of] ;+ljwfg;efn] ;a} lg0f{o cfkm}+n] ug'{k5{ cl3Nnf] ;+ljwfg;efsf] lg0f{osf] ef/ af]Sg of] ;+ljwfg;ef tof/ 5}g . pgsf] egfOsf] cfzo clxn] ;+ljwfg;efleq bnx¿sf] ;+Vof / ;Gt'ng ablnPsf] 5 / Tof] abnfjn] xfdL -pgL_ klg Pp6f zlQmsf ¿kdf pbfPsf 5f}+

eGg] xf] . l;¢fGttM sdn yfkfsf] of] egfO 7Ls} xf], lsgeg] of] ;+ljwfg;ef klg klxn]sf] ;+ljwfg;efh:t} ;fj{ef}d 5 . o;;Fu klxn]sf lg0f{ox¿ dfGg] / gdfGg], lng] glng] ;a} clwsf/ ;'/lIft 5 . of] klxn]sf] ;+ljwfg;efsf] 5fofF klg xf]Og . t/ klxn]sf ljjfb/lxt lg0f{ox¿nfO{ o;n] lt/:sf/ ug'{kg]{ s'g} sf/0f 5}g . l;¢fGtn] eG5 –klxn]sf lg0f{ox¿ o;n] x'ax' u|x0f u/] klg tL lg0f{o klxn]sf lg0f{ox¿sf] lg/Gt/tf 7xl/g] 5}gg\ oxL ;efn] u/]sf gofF lg0f{ox¿ x'g]5g\ . hxfF;Dd ;+ljwfgsf] ;fdfGo sG6]G6sf] s'/f 5, Tof] t Joj:yf g} cnu x'Fbf;d]t ;+ljwfgsf cfwfeGbf a9L ljifoj:t' t p:t}p:t} x'G5g\ . ef]lnsf] ;+ljwfg s:tf] x'G5 eGg] s'/f ;+ljwfgsf d'Vo ;jfndf s] n]lvG5 jf bnx¿n] s] s] lg0f{o u5{g\ eGg]df e/ k5{ . h;af/] klxnf] ;+ljwfg;efn] lg0f{o lng] ;s]sf] 5}g jf ljjfbsf aLr lg0f{o lnPsf] 5 . ltg} ;jfndf ePsf] c;dembf/L / k/:k/ljk/Lt lbzfsf sf/0f Tof] ;+ljwfg;ef c;kmn ePsf] lyof] . ;+ljwfgsf d'Vo ljz]iftfx¿sf af/]df bnx¿aLrsf] ljjfb clxn] klg hf/L 5 tyflk ;+ljwfg;efsf]df zlQm ;Gt'ng ablnPsf]n] ca of] ;+ljwfg;efn] gofF ;+ljwfg lbg] cfzf hgtfdf cjZo a9]sf] 5 . cl3Nnf] ;+ljwfg;efsf] lg0f{ox¿sf] :jfldTj of] ;+ljwfg;efn] lng ;Sb}g eGg] sdn yfkfsf cleJolQm of] ;+ljwfg ;ef ;fj{ef}d 5, o;nfO{ ;a} lg0f{o ug]{ clwsf/ 5 eGg] cfzoaf6 cfPsf] xf]Og . pgsf] lgot t cs}{ 5 . pgL cfo{3f6 k'¥ofP/ ljlwjt\ ;dfKt u/L ;lsPsf] /fhtGqsf] d;fg of] ;+ljwfg;efdfkm{ t hufpg rfxG5g\ . u0ftflGqs ;+ l jwfgcGtu{ t lgjf{ l rt eP klg d/] s f] /fhtGqsf] lag ahfpg] / nfv] gfr gfRg] sdn yfkfsf] ;f} v cem} ;lsPsf] 5} g . nf]stGqsf nflu hLjge/ n8]sf bn / ltgsf g]tfx¿sf cl3 lg/+s'ztfsf] ehgsLt{gdf hLjg ck]{sf sdn yfkfn] nf]stGqsf] b'xfO{ lbg' cfkm}+df nfhdbf]{ s'/f xf] . lxhf] k~rfotcGtu{t pgsf] cfbz{ s] lyof] < pgL s] s] ub{y] < s] af]Nby] < pgsf] cfbz{ / ljZjf; s] lyof] < pgn] la;]{em}+ u/] klg hgtfn] Tof] s'/f la;]{sf 5}gg\ . Tolt dfq xf]Og ax'bn g} cfPkl5 klg /fhf 1fg]Gb|sf] nf]stGqdflysf] xdnfsf alnof dltof/ /x]sf pgL s'g g}ltstfsf cfwf/df nf]stflGqs dfGotfsf] b'xfO{ lbG5g\ < /f]:6ddf pleP/ nf]stGqsf] pkb]z lbg sdn yfkfnfO{ nfh

gnfu] klg ;~rf/ dfWoddfkm{t pgnfO{ ;'Gg] xfdL cfdhgtfnfO{ eg] nfh nfu]sf] 5 . ca pgsf] csf]{ rlr{t k|;+usf] s'/f u/f}+ . Tof] k|;+u xf]– cfw'lgs dxfef/tsf] k|;+u . dxfef/tsf] pbf/x0f lbFb} pgn] cfkm"x¿n] kf08jn] h:t} clxn]sf] cj:yfdf kfFr ufpF dfq dflu/x]sf] eGb} pgLx¿sf] of] dfunfO{ gh/cGbfh ul/of] eg] cfw'lgs dxfef/tsf] l;h{gf x'G5 eGg] wDsL lbP . p;f] t sdn yfkf;Fu of] ;+ljwfg;efnfO{ cfkm\gf] af6f]tkm{ 8f]¥ofpg ;Sg] tfut 5}g . sf+u|]; / Pdfn]n] cgfjZos kf}7]hf]/L v]n]gg\ eg] / ltgsf a'l¢n] 3fF; vfPg eg] ca nf]stflGqs ;+ljwfg aGg] s'/fdf s'g} afwf b]lvFb}g . sdn yfkfx¿n] rfx]/ s'g} dxfef/t l;h{gf x'g ;Sb}g . dxfef/tsf] pgsf] pbfx/0fn] pgsf] cfzocg';f/ pgLx¿ kfFr ufpF dflu/x]sf kf08jx¿ x'g\ eGg] b]lvG5 . t/ ca k|Zg p7\5 s] sdn yfkfx¿ g]kfnL nf]stflGqs cfGbf]ngdf ;+3if{ / Gofosf] dfu{ j/0f u/]sf kf08jx¿ x'g\ < kf}/fl0fs dxfef/tsf kf08jx¿ t ;To / Gofosf] kIfdf n8]sf lyP . s] sdn yfkfx¿n] ljutdf To;} u/]sf lyP < g]kfnL /fhgLlt / nf]stflGqs cfGbf]ngsf] ;fdfGo hfgsf/L /fVg] x/]s g]kfnLnfO{ yfxf 5, sdn yfkfx¿ ;To / Gofosf nflu n8\g] / n8]sf kf08jx¿ xf]Ogg\ pgLx¿ t g]kfnL nf]stGqsf b'Zdgx¿ x'g\ < nf]stflGqs cfGbf]ngsf lj/f]wL lgb{oL hgeIfL c;'/x¿ x'g\ < /fdfo0fsf] pbfx/0f lbg] xf] eg] logLx¿ cfttfoL / cg}lts /fj0fx¿ x'g\ . dxfef/tsf] pbf/0f lbg] xf] eg] sdn yfkfx¿ g]kfnL nf]stGq -b|f}kbL_ sf] a:qx/0f ug]{ lgn{Hh b'zf;gx¿ x'g\ . pgn] eg]sf] dxfef/t xfdL cfd dfG5] k9]sf] dxfef/t kf}/fl0fs dxfef/t g} xf] eg] pgLx¿ To;sf] ;jf{lws vnkfq x'g\ . pgsf] dxfef/t cs}{ 5 eg] a]Un} s'/f xf] . olb pgsf] dxfef/t a]Un} 5 eg] klg pgn] yk s'/f k|:6 kfg'{k5{ . pgn] eGg] u/]sf] dxfef/tdf pgL sf] x'g\ < pgsf] dxfef/tsf s[i0f sf] x'g\ < b'of]{wg, b'zf;g sf] x'g\ < s0f{ sf] x'g\ < w[t/fi6« / ufGwf/L sf] x'g\ < o'lwli7/, eLd, ch'{gnufot kfFr efO kf08j sf] x'g\ < dxfef/tsL d'Vo kfq b|f}kbL sf] x'g\ < ;aeGbf dxŒjk"0f{ s'/f t pgn] dfu]sf elgPsf kfFr ufpFx¿ s] s] x'g\ < tL ufpF pgnfO{ s;n] lbg] xf] < oL s'/f pgn] k|:6 kfg'{k5{ . g]kfnL hgtfsf] a'emfOs} s'/f ug]{ xf] eg] pgL nf]stGqsf] lj/f]wL kª\lQmsf clt bfgjLo rl/qsf] dfgs vnkfqdWo]sf Ps x'g\ .

sf]O/fnfnfO{ h; kfpg] cx+ cj;/ sf+u]; | ;+;bLo bnsf] g]tfdf ;'zLn sf]O/fnf lglj{/f]w r'lgg' kYof]{ . t/ r'gfj ug'{k¥of] . z]/axfb'/ b]pjf sf]O/fnfsf nflu ;bfjxf/ k|ltåGåL ag]sf 5g\ . To;}n] r'gfj n8] . ;efkltdf klg n8]s} x'g\ .

;f]d/fh kf]v/]n

olta]nf k'gM d'n'ssf] ;a}eGbf 7"nf] bn ag]sf] x}l;otn] sf+u|];n] km]l/ ;/sf/sf] g]t[Tj ug]{ cj;/ kfPsf] 5 . ;'zLn sf]O/fnfn] ;/sf/sf] g]t[Tj ;DxfNg] ;Defjgf a9]sf] 5 . ;s];Dd ;xdtLo / g;s] ax'dtLo cfwf/df ;/sf/sf] g]t[Tj lng] dgzfodf sf]O/fnf 5g\ . sf+u|];n] cGo bnx¿;Fu 5nkmn;d]t yfln;s]sf] 5 . o;k6s sf]O/fnfnfO{ ;/sf/ lgdf{0f u/L Ps jif{leq} ;+ljwfg tof/ ug{ eg] kSs} d'lZsn

kg]{ b]lvPsf] 5 . g]kfnsf] ;a}eGbf nfdf] ;do;Dd lg/Gt/ l6ls/xg] kf6L{ xf] g]kfnL sf+u|]; . d'n's kl/jt{gsf x/]s If0fdf cfGbf]ngsf] g]t[Tj ug]{ kf6L{ g]kfnL sf+u|]; . nf] s tGqsf] nflu v/f] jsfnt ug] { Ps dfq kf6L{ g] k fnL sf+ u | ] ; . sf+ u | ] ; sf] cfkm\ g } Oltxf; 5 . h;sf] Oltxf; x' G 5 p;sf] klxrfg klg cnUu} x' G 5 . t/ hlt;' s } nf] s tflGqs kf6L{ s f] pkdf / of] u bfgsf] s' / f u/] klg ;a} e Gbf v/fa k| j [ l Q u' 6 aGbL sfod 5 . sf+u|];sf] u'6aGbL /f]u cfhsf] ;d:of kSs} xf]Og . @))# ;fndf :yflkt sf+u|];n] ^& jif{df cg]sf}+ ;+3if{ u/]sf] 5 . log} ;+3if{sf sf/0f sltko cfGtl/s u'6sf sf/0f;d]t c;kmn ePsf] 5 . sf+u|];sf] u'6aGbLsf] d'Vo /f]u zlQm k|bz{gsf] xf] . s';L{sf] xf] . dft[sfk|;fb sf]O/fnf hgtfsf] klxnf] k|wfgdGqL ag]b]lv ;'? ePsf] of] /f]un] )^% ;fndf pgsf efO lul/hfk|;fb sf]O/fnf k|wfgdGqL x'~h]n;Dd lg/Gt/tf kfof] . olta]nf d'n'sn] hlt;Sbf] l56f] gofF ;+ljwfg n]Vg] DofG8]6 bnx¿nfO{ lbPsf] 5 . cem r'gfjL gf/f agfpg] qmddf ^ dlxgfleq d:of}bf / Ps jif{leq} k"0ff{sf/sf] ;+ljwfg lbg] 3f]if0ff sf+u|];, Pdfn] / Pdfcf]jfbLn] u/]sf lyP . ToxLcg"¿k cufl8 a9\gsf nflu klg bnx¿ ;xdltdf pqg' h?/L 5 . t/ s';L{df k'Ug] s'/fdf eg] bnx¿aLr klxn]b]lv rNb} cfPsf] lvrftfgL o;k6s klg b]lvO;s]sf] 5 . g]tfx¿n] cfGtl/s emd]nfdf gkm:g] atfP klg Tof] ;a} bnsf]

;d:of ag]sf] 5 . sf+u|]; ;+;bLo bnsf] g]tfdf ;'zLn sf]O/fnf :jtM lglj{/f]w r'lgg'kYof]{ . t/ r'gfj ug'{k¥of] . z]/axfb'/ b]pjf sf]O/fnfsf nflu ;bfjxf/ k|ltåGåL ag]sf 5g\ . To;}n] r'gfj n8] . ;efkltdf klg n8]s} x'g\ . clxn] klg n8] . nf]stflGqs k4ltdf o;nfO{ ;sf/fTds lng'sf] ljsNk 5}g . t/ o;n] lbg] ;Gb]z eg] gsf/fTds uPsf] 5 . Psy/L sf+u|];L eG5g\ –b]pjfdf s';L{ df]xsf] /f]u 5 . Tof] /f]u ;lhn} hfFb}g . s';L{s} emu8fsf sf/0f pgn] csf]{ kf6L{ g} v8f u/]sf lyP . c;Gt'i6 kIfn] ;fy lbPkl5 xf}l;Psf b]pjf To;kl5 k'gM k|wfgdGqL klg ag] . b/af/sf] ;fy kfP/} pgL b'O{k6s;Dd k|wfgdGqL ag] . kf6L{nfO{ eg] vf;} kmfObf ePg . kf6L{ PsLs/0f ePkl5 klg b]pjfdf r~rn k|j[lQ xfjL eO/Åof] . x'g t kf6L{ vf]Ng] qmddf ;Gt g]tf s[i0fk|;fb e§/fO{sf] ;fy kfP klg e§/fO{n] kl5Nnf] ;dodf eg] ;fy 5f]8]sf lyP . lsgls pgn] a'lem;s]sf lyP b]pjfsf] /f]u . b]pjf cfkm\gf] v]dfdf e'ln/x]sf 5g\ . clg pgnfO{ ;fy lbg] pgsf cu|hx¿n] ;fy 5f]8\b} uPsf 5g\ . b]pjfkl5 pgsf] v]dfsf] csf]{ g]tf sf] eGg] :ki6 5}g . pgn] cfkm\gf] pQ/flwsf/L agfpg ;Sg] klg 5}gg\ . lsgls $@ jif{sf] pd]/df klxnf]k6s k|wfgdGqL ag];Fu} pgdf g]t[Tj ;DxfNg] df]x a9]sf] 5 . Tof] z[+vnf 6'+lug] 5fF6 5}g . d'n's ;+lug 38Ldf 5 . klxnf] ;+ljwfg;efsf] a}7sn] ;+ljwfg n]Vg g;s]kl5 gofF df]8 v8f ePsf]

5 . of] df]8df klg g]tfx¿n] cfkm"x¿nfO{ ;+j]bgzLn agfpg ;s]gg\ eg] csf]{ b'3{6gf lgDtg]5 . of] cy{df klg klxn] zLif{ bnsf] gftfn] sf+ u | ] ; g] t fx¿ ldNg' h?/L 5 . clxn] kbsf] nf] e df cNem] / xf] O g x/] s kl/jt{ g df cu| l 0f e" l dsf lgefP/ h; lnPsf] sf+ u | ] ; n] gofF ;+ l jwfg klg cfkm\ g } g] t [ T jdf k" / f ug] { cleef/f cfPsf] 5 . s] sf+ u | ] ; n] o;nfO{ ;b' k of] u ug' { k b} { g / < xf], b]pjf g]t[Tj xfFSg ;Ifd b]lvPsf 5g\ . ;efklt;Fusf] 6Ss/df dfq !^ dtsf] km/s kg'{ ;fdfGo xf] . cem pk;efklt /fdrGb| kf}8]nn] c8\sf] yfk]/ cfkm" klg r'gfjdf xf]ldPsf] eP ;efklt sf]O/fnfsf] l:ylt pN6g ;Sg] lyof] . t/ ;fdfGo l:ylt x]bf{ klg h'g ;efkltn] kf6L{nfO{ k'gM zLif{ bndf :yflkt ug{ ;kmn eof] p;sf] k|wfgdGqL aGg] xsnfO{ l5Gg vf]Hg' d'Vof{OF xf] . sf]O/fnfn] cfkm\gf] clwsf+z hLjg kf6L{d} clk{t u/] . h;/L ;Gt g]tf ls;'ghLn] cld6 5fk g]kfnL /fhgLltdf 5f]8]/ uPsf 5g\ ToxL af6f]df 5g\ sf]O/fnf klg . 5ftf / ;'/fxL lnP/ afn'jf6f/ l5/]sf ls;'ghL ToxL l:yltd} kmls{Psf lyP . ;'zLn sf]O/fnf klg h:tf] afn'jf6f/ l55{g\ To:t} kmls{g ;S5g\ . lsgls pgdf nf]e, df]x s]xL b]lvFb}g . of] sf/0fn] klg sf]O/fnfnfO{ casf] k|wfgdGqL aGg lbg'k5{ . olb pgdf Ifdtf 5 eg] Ps jif{leq} d'n'snfO{ ;+ljwfg lbg dxŒjk"0f{ e"ldsf v]Ng]5g\ . e|i6frf/n] pGdQ ePsf] g]kfnL /fhgLltnfO{ ;'wf/sf nflu TofuL g]tf d'n'sn] vf]h]sf] 5 .

b]pjf klg k/flht ePsf 5}gg\ . pgn] cfkm\gf] kf6L{nfO{ nf]stflGqs agfpgsf nflu ;+;bLo bnsf] g]tfdf p7]sf x'g\ eGg] a'em]/ ;+:yfkg kIf;Fu;Fu} cufl8 a9\g' h?/L 5 . k/flht eP klg b]pjfn] ;'zLn sf]O/fnfnfO{ ;3fpg' h?/L 5 . h;/L ;+;bLo bnsf] g]tfsf] lgjf{rgnuQ} awfO{ glbO{ efUg] sfd u/] b]pjfn] To;n] unt ;Gb]z dfq aflx/ UfPsf] 5 . TofuL aGg klg ;Sg'k5{ . /fhgLltdf w}o{ ug{ ;lsPg eg] To;n] xfgL dfq u5{ . sf]O/fnfnfO{ cfkm" ;Rrf g]kfnLsf] 5f]/f] ePsf] k|dfl0ft ug{ klg dxŒjk"0f{ e"ldsf ldNb}5 . ljZj;fd' cfkm\gf] gfd n]vfpg pgn] 7"n} Tofu ug'{ h?/L 5 . To;sf nflu cf;Gg af6f] ;lhnf] 5}g . ToxL af6f] /f]Hg' 5 pgn] . r'gf}tLsf] ;fdgf u/]/ pgn] cufl8 a9\g' 5 . h;/L lul/hfk|;fb sf]O/fnfn] cfkm\gf] kf6L{nfO{ bfpdf /fv]/ d'n'snfO{ u0ftGq d'n's agfpg dxŒjk"0f{ e"ldsf lgjf{x u/]sf lyP ;'zLn sf]O/fnfn] klg To;} ug{ ;Sg'k5{ . x'g t ;'zLnbf klg lul/hfafa's} nfOgaf6 cufl8 a9]sf g]tf x'g\ . kf6L{eGbf 7"nf] b]z xf] . ;'zLn sf]O/fnfn] Ps sbd cufl8 a9]/} d'n'ssf] /fhgLlts :yfloTjsf nflu cufl8 a9\g' h?/L 5 . gofF ;+ljwfg d'n'snfO{ lbP/ /fhgLltnfO{ lnsdf Nofpgsf nflu ;'zLn sf]O/fnfn] gofF /fi6«klt / pk/fi6«kltsf] lgjf{rg ug{ klg kl5 kg'{x'Gg . ;xdltaf6} ;dfwfg lg:sg] xf] . cGo bnx¿;Fu} ldn]/ aGg] ;+ljwfg lbuf] aG5 . c;xh kl/l:yltaLr ;DkGg bf];|f] ;+ljwfg;efsf] lgjf{rgsf] cjd"Nog gxf];\ .


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;+3Lo ;dfhjfbL kf6L{ g]kfnsf] :yfkgf g]kfnL /fhgLltsf] Oltxf;df c+lst x'g] Ps :jl0f{d lbg xf] . …h:tf] ;dfh To:t} /fhgLlts bn / /fHo lgdf{0fÚ ul/g'k5{ eGg] cfwf/e"t dfGotfsf sf/0f of] kf6L{ cGo /fhgLlts bnx¿eGbf k[ys 5 . PsfTds k|s[ltsf] /fHo ;+/rgfnfO{ eTsfP/ ;+3fTds /fHo ;+/rgf agfP/ g]kfnsf] rf}tkmL{ ljsf; ub}{ Ps ;Eo / ;d[4 d'n's lgdf{0f ug'{ g} o; kf6L{sf] k|d'v p2]Zo xf] . g]kfnsf k'/fgf /fhgLlts bnx¿df b]lvPsf] Psn hftLo x}sdlj?4 ;dfgtfsf] cfjfh p7fPsf sf/0f /fHo;QfnfO{ cfkm\gf] akf}tL 7fGg]x¿sf dg–dl:tisdf ;+3Lo ;dfhjfbL kf6L{ g]kfn Ps r'gf}tL ag]/ v8f ePsf] 5 . g]kfnsf] ;a}eGbf 7"nf] / ;'Gb/ kIf eg]sf] oxfFsf] ljljwtf g} xf] . lxdfnosf] sfvdf cjl:yt o; e"uf]ndf gkfOg] eGg] lj/n} s'/f 5g\ . hflt, efiff, wd{, ;+:s[lt, j]ze"iff, ;+:sf/, k/Dk/f, d"No–dfGotf cflb dfgj lgld{t lglwsf sf/0f g]kfn ljZjs} Ps k[ys\ klxrfgo'Qm d'n's xf] . lxdfn, kxf8 / t/fO{sf] ;+ud:yn ePsf] e"v08 k|fs[lts ¿kdf klg cToGt} ;'Gb/ 5 . ;du|df eGbf /fhgLltsafx]s cGo ;a} s'/fdf g]kfn ;DkGg 5 . /fhgLlts Joj:yfdf ;dofg's"n ;'wf/ x'g g;s]s} sf/0f d'n'ssf] jt{dfg b'b{zf ePsf] xf] . g]kfnL ;dfhsf] ljz]iftf ljljwtfo'Qm 5 t/ /fHosf]

ljz]iftf Psn hftLo cx+sf/ / k|e'Tjdf s]lGb|t eof] . Pp6f efiff, wd{, ;+:s[lt, d"No–dfGotfnfO{ /fHon] sfFw yfKof] cGonfO{ nTofOlbof] . /fHo g} lje]bsf/L eof] . ;+3Lo ;dfhjfbL kf6L{, g]kfnn] oxL lje]b cGTo ug]{ clei6 af]s]sf] 5 . g]kfnnfO{ ;Eo / ;d[4 agfpg] d"ntM b'O{j6f cfwf/ 5g\ . klxnf] ;fdflhs ¿kfGt/0f xf] eg] bf];|f] ;dfgtfdf cfwfl/t cfly{s ;d[l4 xf] . k'/fgf /fhgLlts bnn] oL b'O{ ljifonfO{ ;Gt'lnt 9+un] p7fg ug{ g;s]sf] sf/0f pgLx¿ oyfl:yltjfbL / k|ltlqmofjfbLsf] lsQfdf bh{ x'g k'u] . g]kfnL ;dfhsf] ¿kfGt/0fdf logLx¿sf] yf]/} klg Wofg hfg ;s]g . ljb]zLsf] gSsn ub}{ g]kfnL /fhgLlt ug]{ k'/fgf bnx¿sf] unt /j}oflj?4 ;+3Lo ;dfhjfbL kf6L{, g]kfnsf] hGd ePsf] xf] . g]kfnL ;dfhdf hGd]sf] s'g} Ps JolQm hGdb} ;Ddflgt x'g] t/ csf]{ s'g} JolQm hGdb} ckx]lnt / lt/:s[t x'g'kg]{ lj8Dagfsf] cGTo ug]{ clei6 af]s]sf] kf6L{ ;+3Lo ;dfhjfbL kf6L{ g]kfn xf] . Pp6f g]kfnLn] ;'gsf] yfndf vfg kfpg] t/ csf]{ g]kfnLn] kftdf vfg'kg]{ r/d cfly{s ljifdtfsf] cGTo ug]{ clei6 af]Sg' k|To]s ;r]t g]kfnL gful/ssf] st{Jo xf] . Pp6f g]kfnL pRr s'n / hftsf gfddf pTs[i6 x'g] csf]{ g]kfnL tNnf] s'n / hftsf gfddf ckx]lnt / lt/:s[t x'g'kg]{ lj8Dagfsf] cGTo gul/P;Dd g]kfnL ;dfhsf] ¿kfGt/0fsf] nIo k"/f x'g ;Sb}g . a|fÅd0f ;d'bfodf x'g] hftLo lje]b cfhsf] k|d'v r'gf}tL xf] . kl08t a|fÅd0f, k'/f]lxt a|fÅd0f, xnf] ghf]Tg] a|fÅd0f, xnf] hf]Tg] a|fÅd0f, cGt/hftLo ljjfx u/]sf sf/0f hftLo sf/afxLdf k/]sf vqL a|fÅd0f, ;dfhaf6 k"/} lt/:sf/ ul/Psf] c5't cyf{t\ blnt a|fÅd0faLr tof/ ul/Psf] ;f]kfgqmd a|fÅd0f ;d'bfosf] ¿kfGt/0fsf r'gf}tL x'g\ . aflx/af6 x]bf{ a|fÅd0f ;d'bfonfO{ zf;s hflt elgP tfklg cyf{t\ b]lv tfklg To;leqsf] pTkL8gsf] kf6f] sxfnLnfUbf] cj:yfdf 5 . a|fÅd0fjfbsf] 7"nf] l;sf/ a|fÅd0f ;d'bfo g} 5g\ . a|fÅd0f ;d'bfoleqsf] hftLo pTkL8gsf] cGTo gug]{ xf] eg] g]kfnL ;dfhsf] ¿kfGt/0f ;Dej 5}g . a|fÅd0f ;d'bfosf] pko'{Qm ^ j6f txut z[+vnfdf kl08t a|fÅd0f O{Zj/;dfg x'G5g\ eg] blnt a|fÅd0f c5't cj:yfdf l;gf] vfg ljjz 5 . pko'{Qm ^ txd} ;f]kfgqmdsf cfwf/df kfgL rNb}g eg] Tof] ;d'bfosf] l:ylt s:tf] xf]nf . ;+3Lo ;dfhjfbL kf6L{ g]kfn, oxL h+unL k|j[lQsf] lj?4df ;+3if{ ug{ hlGdPsf] xf] . hxfF lje]b ToxfF ;+3Lo ;dfhjfbL kf6L{ g]kfn x'g]5 . pQm ;d'bfosf] To; ljs[ltlj?4 n8\g] ePsfn] of] kf6L{ v;–cfo{ ;d'bfo d}qL kf6L{ xf] . vl08t / s'l07t dgl:ylt

af]s]sf k'/fgf bnsf k'/fgf dfgl;stf af]s]sf g]tfx¿n] hftLo kf6L{ eg]/ nufPsf] cf/f]k ;/f;/ em"6sf] v]tL xf] . h'g hfltsf] hlt hg;+Vof k|ltzt 5, Tolt k|ltzt g} kf6L{sf] ljleGg txdf ;dfg'kflts ;dfj]zL k|ltlglwTj u/fpg] kf6L{sf] gLlt ePsfn] of] kf6L{ ;a} hflt d}qL kf6L{ xf] . vl08t dgf]lj1fg af]s]sf lj/f]wLx¿sf] e|d lrg{ kf6L{n] s]xL s;/t ug'{kg]{ b]lvG5 . kl08t a|fÅd0f t cfly{s / ;fdflhs txdf ;DkGg / ;Ddflgt xf]nf, t/ cGo ;f]kfgqmdsf a|fÅd0fsf] xfnt a]xfn cj:yfdf 5 . k'/f]lxt a|fÅd0f kl08t a|fÅd0fsf] gh/df sd;ndf k5{ eg] p;sf] cfly{s x}l;ot hhdfgsf] bfg / lgufxdf cfwfl/t 5 . h'g cfw'lgs ;Eotf k|lts"n 5 . k'/f]lxt a|fÅd0f cfkm}+ pTkLl8t cj:yfdf 5 eGg] ga'em];Dd p;n] cGo hfltnfO{ ;Ddfg ug{ ;Sb}g / hfGb}g . a|fÅd0f ;d'bfoleq a'xf/LnfO{ x]g]{ b[li6sf]0f cGo s'g} hfltsf] eGbf bogLo 5 . o;sf] cy{ x'G5 ls a|fÅd0f ;d'bfoleq n}+lus pTkL8g a9L 5 . cfly{s / ;fdflhs ¿kdf pTkLl8t a|fÅd0f–If]qL cyf{t\ v;–cfo{sf] cfd"n zNolqmof ug]{ clei6 af]s]sf] of] kf6L{ v;–cfo{ lj/f]wL x'g] ;Defjgf g} 5}g . To; sf/0f cfd pTkLl8t v;–cfo{ hfltnfO{ p;sf] hftLo hg;+Vofsf] cfwf/df kf6L{sf ljleGg txdf /fhgLlts of]Uotfsf] cfwf/df :yfg ;'/lIft 5 . h:tf] ;dfh To:t} ;+3Lo ;dfhjfbL kf6L{ agfpg v;–cfo{ ;d'bfosf of]Uotd dflg;nfO{ kf6L{n] xflb{s :jfut u/]sf] s'/fnfO{ lj/f]wLsf] ljt08tfk"0f{ cf/f]k / e|dk"0f{ k|rf/afhLn] ;w}+ /f]Sg ;Sb}g . blnt a|fÅd0f ;d'bfodf klg tNnf] hft / dflyNnf] hft egL lje]b ul/G5 . ljZjsdf{ eG5 bdfO{n] 5f]Psf] vfGg, bdfO{ eG5 ;fsL{n] 5f]Psf] vfGg . logLx¿ ;du|df ;a} ckx]lnt cj:yfdf x'Fbfx'Fb} klg lje]b ul//x]sf 5g\ . ;+3Lo ;dfhjfbL kf6L{ g]kfnn] To; lj?4df ;r]tgf eg]{ 5 . g]jf/ ;d'bfodf klg hftLo lje]b r/d cj:yfdf 5 . dw];L ;d'bfoleq klg lje]b w]/} 5 . ;du|df eGbf g]kfnL ;dfhsf] cfd"n ;fdflhs ¿kfGt/0fsf] vfFrf] 5 . k'/fgf /fhgLlts bnx¿ ;fdflhs ¿kfGt/0fsf] If]qdf k"0f{tM c;kmn ePsf 5g\ . of] cefjsf] k"lt{ g} ;+3Lo ;dfhjfbL kf6L{ g]kfn xf] . g]kfnL ;dfhsf] csf]{ lj8Dagf eg]sf] ;f+:s[lts cGwljZjf; xf] . h'g ;+:s[lt lj1fg ;Dejt x'Fb}g Tof] ck;+:s[lt xf] . To;n] dfgj hfltsf] lxt ub}{g . cGwljZjf;sf] hudf pleP/ s'g} klg ;+:s[ltnfO{ cg';/0f ug'{ dxfe"n xf] . g]kfnL ;dfhdf ljutsf ljleGg /fhf dxf/fhfn] ;kgfdf b]v]sf e/df rnfPsf k|yf, k/Dk/f, ;+:sf/ / ;+:s[ltdf lnKt eO{ cg';/0f

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6\o'lgl;ofdf gofF ;+ljwfg 6\o'lg;, df3 !# . 6\o'lgl;ofn] nfdf] ;+3if{kl5 cGttM gofF ;+ljwfg k|fKt u/]sf] ;dfrf/ 5 . ;f] gofF ;+ljwfgdf ;f]daf/ g} x:tfIf/ ePsf] cGt/f{li6«o ;+rf/dfWodx¿n] hgfPsf 5g\ . 6\o'lgl;ofsf /fi6«klt df]G;]km dfh'sL{n] ;f]daf/} ;f] ;+ljwfgdf x:tfIf/ u/]sf] ;dfrf/df hgfOPsf] 5 . hgcfGbf]ngn] tTsfnLg zf;s lhg cn cljlbd j]g cnL nfO{ ;tfRo't u/]sf] # jÈ{kl5 6\o'lgl;ofdf gof“ ;+ljwfg hf/L ePsf] xf] . gof“ ;+ljwfgdf k|wfgdGqL / /fi6«kltaLr zlQm ;Gt'ng x'g] u/L sfo{sf/L clwsf/ afl8Psf] 5 . gof“ ;+ljwfgdf dlxnf / k'?ÈnfO{ ;dfg clwsf/ k|bfg ul/Psf] 5 . ;f] x:tfIf/kl5 ToxfF gofF ;+ljwfg k|fKt ug{] hgtfsf] cfzf k"/f ePsf] atfOPsf] 5 . To;}u/L ;f] ;+ljwfgdf cfGbf]ngsf g]tfsf x}l;otdf k|wfgdGqL cln nf/fofwn] klg x:tfIf/ u/]sf 5g . ;+ljwfg;efsf ;efd'v d':tfkmf a]g hfkm/n] klg ;f] ;+ljwfgk|lt ;xdlt hgfpFb} x:tfIf/ u/]sf 5g\ . pQm ;+ljwfgdf x:tfIf/ ug{] klxnf] g]tfsf { L k/]sf ¿kdf 6\ol' gl;ofsf /fi6«klt df]G;]km dfh's

5g\ . pQm ;+ljwfgnfO{ ;+ljwfg;efsf] b'Ol{ txfO ax'dtn] kfl/t u/]sf] lyof] . o;}aLr k|wfgdGqL d]xbL h'dfnn] sfdrnfp ;/sf/sf] u7g u/]sf 5g\ . ;f] ;+ljwfg hf/L ug{sf nflu uP /fltb]lv g} ;+ljwfg;efsf] a}7sdf 3gLe"t ¿kdf 5nkmn ePsf] lyof] . ;f]xL 5nkmnkl5 laxfgLkv pQm

;+ljwfg kfl/t ePsf] lyof] . 6\o'lgl;ofdf cfGbf]ng eO{ bzsf}+ nfdf] ;dob]lv zf;g ul//xsf g]tfnfO{ ;Qfaf6 x6fPsf] sl/a tLg jif{kl5 ToxfFsf hgtfn] gofF ;+ljwfg kfPsf 5g\ . ;f] ;+ljwfg hf/L ug{] /fi6« 6\o'lgl;of g} dWok"jL{ Pj+ c/a b]zx¿df cfGbf]ngsf] ;'?cft ug{] klxnf] /fi6« xf] . -PPkmkL_

lj:kmf]6df ^ dfl/P sfa'n, df3 !# . ckmuflg:tfgsf] blIf0f efudf kg]{ x]ndfG8 k|fGtdf ;8s lsgf/df /x]sf] Ps ad lj:kmf]6 x'bfF To;df k/L sl/a ^ hgfsf] d[To' ePsf] 5 . ;8s lsgf/df /x]sf] ;f] ad;Fu Ps ldgL a; 7f]lsFbf ePsf] lj:kmf]6df cGo !# hgf 3fOt] ePsf] k|fGtLo ;/sf/L k|jQmfn] ;f]daf/ hfgsf/L lbPsf 5g\ . x]ndfG8 k|fGtsf] gfjfld/ lhNnfdf :yfgLo ;docg';f/ cfOtaf/ ck/fGxdf # ah] Ps

ldgL a; lj:kmf]6s kbfy{;Fu 7f]lsFbf ePsf] ;f] b'3{6gfdf ^ hgfsf] d[To' x'g'sf] ;fy} cGo !# hgf 3fOt] ePsf] k|jQmf cf]df/ hjfsn] l;GÅjf ;dfrf/ ;ldltnfO{ atfPsf 5g\ . tflnjfg cft+ssf/L ;d"xn] ;j{;fwf/0f gful/snfO{ g} nIo u/L ul/Psf] o; cfqmd0fdf a;df /x]sf cGo rf/ ofq' eg] ;s'zn /x]sf hgfOPsf] 5 . ckmuflg:tfgdf tflnjfgx¿n] cfTd3ftL cfqmd0f / ;8s

lsgf/df /flvg] ad lj:kmf]6 ckmufg / g]6f];uF cfj4 ;}lgsx¿nfO{ nlIftu/L ljikmf]6 ub}{ cfPsf] kfOG5 . t/ a]nfa]nfdf x'g] o:tf cfqmd0faf6 ;j{;fwf/0f klg k|efljt + sf eO/x]sf 5g\ . ;+oQ' m /fi6«;3 cg';f/ utjif{ ckmuflg:tfgdf tflnjfg;Fu cfj4 cfqmd0f / lx+;fdf b'O{ xhf/ % ;oeGbf a9L ;j{;fwf/0fsf] d[To' ePsf] lyof] . To;}u/L o; cfqmd0faf6 kfFr xhf/eGbf a9L ;j{;fwf/0f 3fOt] ePsf lyP . -l;GÅjf_

l;l/ofsf /fi6«klt a;f/ cn c;fbsf] /fhLgfdfsf] dfu ub{} ;g\ @)!! sf] ;]K6]Da/b]lv ;'? ePsf] cfGbf]ng cem+} /f]lsPsf] 5}g . ;'?sf] zflGtk"0f{ cfGbf]ngn] ut jif{b]lv g} lgs} s8f lx+;fTds cfGbf]ngsf] ¿k lnO;s]sf] 5 . kl5Nnf] ;dodf l;l/ofdf ;z:q ljb|f]xLx¿sf] klg 7"n} dfqfdf k|j]z eO;s]sf] kfOPsf] ;dfrf/df hgfOPsf] 5 . -PPkmkL_

ckmufg ;LdfIf]qaf6 xhf/f}+ lj:yflkt sfa'n, df3 !# . ckmuflg:tfgsf] ;Ldf If]qdf kg]{ kfls:tfgsf] pQ/klZrd If]qaf6 xhf/f}+ dflg; utxKtfb]lv lj:yflkt ePsf 5g\ . ;+lbUw tflnjfgnfO{ nIou/L ul/Psf] xjfO{ cfqmd0fkl5 ToxfFaf6 xhf/f}+ dflg; lj:yflkt x'g k'u]sf hgfOPsf] 5 . utxKtf tflnjfg cft+ssf/LnfO{ nIo u/L ul/Psf] xjfO{ cfqmd0fdf kfls:tfgsf] o; Onfsfdf sof}+ dflg;sf] d[To' ePsf] atfOPsf] 5 . utxKtf ePsf sl/a tLgj6f eLif0f cfqmd0fsf] tflnjfgn] lhDdf lnPkl5 kfls:tfgL xjfO{ann] pQ/L jhl/:tfg Onfsfdf xjfO{ cfqmd0f ;'? u/]sf lyP . o; Onfsfdf ut ;f]daf/b]lv d+unaf/;Dd hf/L /x]sf] xjfO{ cfqmd0fdf $) cft+ssf/Lsf] d[To' ePsf] ;}lgs clwsf/Ln] hfgsf/L lbPsf 5g\ .

t/ :yfgLo afl;Gbfx¿sf cg';f/ ;f] cfqmd0fdf ;j{;fwf/0fsf] klg Hofg uPsf] 5 . k|fGtLo b}jLk|sf]k Joj:yfkssf k|jQmf nfl6km'/ /]xdfgsf cg';f/ o; xjfO{ cfqmd0fsf] sf/0f ^ xhf/ 3/kl/jf/ ;f] Onfsfaf6 lj:yflkt ePsf 5g\ . To;dWo] cfwf k'gM cfkm\gf] 3/ kmls{;s]sf zlgaf/ /]xdfgn] atfPsf 5g\ . Ps k|ltli7t cflbjf;L j[4 u'n ;fn]x vfgsf cg';f/ &) xhf/eGbf a9Ln] xjfO{ cfqmd0fsf] sf/0f ;f] ;Ldf If]qnfO{ 5f8]sf 5g\ . ut ;f]daf/ dWo/ftaf6 dflg;x¿ ;'lt/x]sf] cj:yfd} ;]gfn] crfgs xjfO{ cfqmd0f ug{ ;'? vfgn] atfPsf 5g\ . vfg klg kfls:tfg pQ/– klZrd ;x/ k];fj/df cfkm\gf kl/jf/;lxt ut d+unaf/ lj:yflkt ePsf] pgn] atfPsf 5\g . -PkL_

O/fsdf @^ hgfsf] d[To'

kl5 gx6] ;+s6sfn nufpg] r]tfjgL

;f]n, df3 !# . blÔ0f sf]l/ofn] pQ/ sf]l/of;fd' b'O{ b]zdf /x]sf kfl/jf/aLr k'gld{ngsf] ldlt k|:tfj u/]sf] 5 . km]a|'c/L !& b]lv @@ ;Dd pgLx¿aLr k'gld{ngsf] ldlt to ul/Psf] 5 . ^ bzscl3 sf]l/of o'4kl5 5'l§Psf kl/jf/aLr k'gld{ngsf] k|of; km]l/ ;'? ul/Psf] cGt/f{li6«o ;~rf/dfWodx¿n] hgfPsf 5g\ . blÔ0f sf]l/ofn] /]8qm; clwsf/LnfO{ pQ/ sf]l/ofsf] ;Ldf;Dd k7fpg] k|:tfj u/]sf] 5 . b'j} d'n'sn] k'gld{ngsf nflu 8fodG8 dfpG6]g 6'l/:6 l/;f]6{nfO{ :yfg agfPsf 5g\ . …blÔ0f / pQ/ sf]l/ofaLr gof“ ;DaGw lj:tf/sf nflu kfl/jfl/s k'gld{ng Pp6f dxŒjk"0f{ cj;/ x'g;Sg] 5,Ú sf]l/ofnL ;/sf/sf k|jQmf OpO{ 8f]n] eg] . o;cl3 ut z'qmaf/dfq} pQ/ sf]l/ofn] kfl/jfl/s k'gld{ng u/fpg] blÔ0f sf]l/ofsf] k|:tfj :jLsf/ u/]sf] lyof] . -Ph]G;L_

8'+uf b'3{6gfdf @! sf] d[To' gofFlbNnL, df3 !# . blÔ0f ef/tsf] cG8dfg lgsf]af/l:yt kf]6{ An]o/ ;fd'Gb|l/s Ô]qdf Ps 8'+uf b'3{6gf x'“bf sDtLdf @! hgfsf] d[To' ePsf] 5 . b'3{6gfdf ! hgf a]kQf ePsf 5g\ eg] @( hgnfO{ ;s'zn p4f/ ul/Psf] 5 . d[To' x'g]df tldngf8'sf sf“rLk'/ tyf d'DaO{sf ko{6sx¿ /x]sf] clwsf/Lx¿n] atfPsf 5g\ . cfOtaf/ ;f“em ePsf] pQm b'3{6gfaf/] k|x/LnfO{ ca]/dfq} va/ cfPsfn] p4f/ ug{ sl7g ePsf] clwsf/Lx¿sf] egfO 5 . 8'+ufdf $% ofq' ;jf/ /x]sfn] cToflws nf]8sf sf/0f pQm b'3{6gf ePsf] x'g ;Sg] k|x/Ln] cg'dfg u/]sf] 5 . -Ph]G;L_

cn c;fbsf] /fhLgfdfsf] dfu ub}{ ;'? ePsf] sl/a tLgjif{ otfsf] cfGbf]ngsf qmddf Ps nfv #) xhf/eGbf a9Lsf] d[To' eO;s]sf] 5 . ToxfFsf xhf/f}+ gful/s c+ue+u eP/ afFr]sf 5g\ . o; cfGbf]ngsf sf/0f nfvf}+ l;l/ofnL gful/s lj:yflkt eO{ z/0fsf] vf]hLdf l5d]sL /fi6«df k'u]sf 5g\ . b]zleq} klg nfvf}+ gful/s cfGtl/s z/0ffyL{sf] hLjg latfO/x]sf 5g\ .

lse, df3 !# . o'qm]gsL sfg'g dGqLn] dGqfno 3]/fp u/]/ a;]sf ljkÔL k5fl8 gx6]df To; Ô]qdf ;+s6sfnsf] 3f]È0f ug]{ r]tfjgL lbPsL 5g\ . pgn] ;/sf/ lj/f]wL k|bz{gsf/Lx¿nfO{ 3]/fp u/]sf] 7fpF tTsfn 5f]8\g cfAxfg ub}{ ub}{ pQm r]tfjgL lbPsL cGt/f{li6«o ;~rf/ dfWodx¿n] hgfPsf 5g\ . pgn] ;+s6sfn nfu" ug{ /fli6«o ;'/Ôf kl/Èb\;uF 5nkmn ul//x]sf] klg atfPsL 5g\ . k|bz{gsf/Lx¿n]

cfOtaf/b]lv /fhwfgL lsesf] ljleGg ;/sf/L dGqfno 3]/fp u/]sf 5g\ . k|bz{gsfl/x¿n] o'qm]gsf ljleGg !) ;x/sf ;/sf/L ejgx¿ cufl8 3gf{ lbPsf 5g\ . o;cl3 cfOtaf/ ;/sf/sf] g]tT[ j ug{ /fi6«klt leS6/ ofg'sf]lern] u/]sf] k|:tfj ljkÔL g]tfx¿n] c:jLsf/ u/]sf lyP . o'/f]lkog o'lgog;Fu lgs6 ;DaGwsf] dfu ub}{ o'qm]gsf ljkÔLx¿n] ;/sf/lj/f]wL cfGbf]ng hf/L /fv]sf 5g\ . -Ph]G;L_

aUbfb, df3 !# . O/fssf] /fhwfgL aUbfbsf] pQ/L efudf kg]{ ;'GgL c/a Onfsfdf cfOtaf/ ca]/ /flt ePsf] lx;f+df d[To' x'g]sf] ;+Vof @^ k'u]sf] lrlsT;f ;DaGwL clwsf/Lx¿n] hfgsf/L lbPsf 5g\ . o;} hgj/L dlxgfsf] ;'?b]lv xfn;Dd cfGa/ k|fGtdf ePsf] eLif0f cfqmd0fnufot ;'GgL / l;of d';ndfg ;d'bfoaLr cfqmd0fdf dfl/g]sf] ;+Vof sDtLdf klg cf7;o %) k'u]sf] hgfOPsf] 5 . pQm ;+Vof utjif{ olt g} cjlwdf ePsf] lx+;fsf] t'ngfdf tLg u'0ff a9]sf] ;dfrf/df pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 . cfOtaf/ cfGaf/nufot aUbfbsf] y'k}| If]qdf ePsf] lx+;fdf sDtLdf @^ sf] d[To' x'g'sf] ;fy} cGo bh{gf+} 3fOt] ePsf cflwsf/Lx¿n] ;f]daf/ hgfPsf 5g\ . O/fsdf cfufdL clk|n dlxgfsf nflu cfÅjfg ul/Psf] cfd lgjf{rg cufl8 of] xTof lx+;f hf/L /x]sf] atfOPsf] 5 . ;g\ @))* kl5sf jif{df tL :yfgdf cfqmd0f hf/L g} /x]sf 5g\ . cfqmd0fsf sf/0f k|foM lbgx'F gful/ssf] Hofg hfg] u/]sf] 5 . ljb]zL ;d'bfon] zflGt jftf{sf dfWodaf6 tL ;d:ofsf] ;dfwfgsf nflu kxn ul//x]sf eP klg

k|wfgdGqL g'/L cn dlnsLn] eg] ;}lgs sf/afxLnfO{ g} a9L hf]8 lbPsf 5g\ . ut zlgaf/ O/fssf] k"jL{efudf kg]{ lbofnf k|fGtdf ul/Psf] df]6f{;\ cfqmd0f ul/Psf] / To;df k/L Ps} kl/jf/sf ;ft hgfsf] d[To' ePsf] lyof] . O/fssf] /fhwfgL aUbfbb]lv ^% lsnf]ld6/ pQ/klZrddf kg]{ k|fGtLo /fhwfgL ;x/ afs'afsf] l;of d';ndfg ;d"bfosf] afx'Notf /x]sf] ufpFdf zlgaf/ laxfg ;f] xdnf ePsf] lyof] . pQm lx+;fTds xdnfdf k/L zlgaf/ laxfg} s]xL dlxnf / afnaflnsf;lxt Ps} kl/jf/sf ;ft JolQmsf] d[To' ePsf] lyof] . pQm kl/jf/sf] 3/df klg cfqmd0fsf/Ln] cfuf] nufOlbPsf 5g\ . O/fgdf s]xL dlxgfotf ;'GgL / l;of d';ndfg ;d'bfoaLr hf/L åGåsf sf/0f ;of}}+sf] Hofg uPsf] atfOPsf] 5 . of] lx+;fn] cfufdL clk|n dlxgfsf nflu cfÅjfg ul/Psf] cfd lgjf{rgsf] ;Defjgfk|lt klg yk lrGtf a9fOlbPsf] clwsf/Lx¿n] hgfPsf 5g\ . ;o'Qm /fi6« ;+3sf cg';f/ O/fsdf hf/L åGåsf] sf/0f Ps nfv $) xhf/eGbf a9L dflg; 3/af/ 5f]8L cGoq efu]sf 5g\ . -PPkmkL_


@)&) df3 !$, d+unaf/ | Tuesday, 28 January, 2014

(

dgfªnfO{ kfFr c+ssf] cu|tf t]SjfGbf]df lgzf / /]lhgfnfO{ :j0f{

6fOD; ;+jfbbftf sf7df8f}+, df3 !# . dgfª d:of{ª\bL Snan] ;lxb :df/s /]8a'n …P’ l8lehg lnudf l8km]lG8ª RoflDkog y|L:6f/;Fu :k:6 % c+ssf] cu|tf lnPsf] 5 . bz/y /+uzfnfdf ;f]daf/ ePsf] v]ndf lnu ln8/ dgfªn] ;/:jtL SnanfO{ @–) n] k/flht ub}{ % c+ssf] cu|tf lnPsf] xf] . dgfªsf] ( v]naf6 @@ c+s 5 eg] bf];|f] :yfgsf] y|L:6f/sf] !& c+s 5 . dgfªsf] lhtdf lzj >]i7 / of]gf Olnof;n] uf]n u/] . #& cf}+ ldg]6df Olnof;sf] qm;df uf]n ub}{ lzjn] dgfªnfO{ ;'?cftL cu|tf lbnfPsf lyP . lzjnfO{ pTs[i6 qm; pknAw u/fPsf of]gfn]g} $! cf}+ ldg]6df dgfªsf] cu|tf bf]Aa/ kf/] . bf];|f] xfkmdf klg cfkm\gf] no gu'dpFbf ;/:jtL v]ndf kmls{Pg / dgfªn] dxŒjk"0f{ # c+s hf]8\of] . ;/:jtL !) c+s;lxt tflnsfsf] bzf}+ :yfgdf 5 . ;f]daf/} ePsf] klxnf] v]ndf /]lnu];gsf] ;+3f/df /x]sf] /fgLkf]v/L sg{/

l6d, cf/l;6Ln] ;f]daf/sf] v]ndf lht xft kfb}{ tflnsfdf rf/ c+s hf]8\g ;kmn ePsf] 5 . bz/y /+uzfnfdf ePsf] v]ndf cf/l;6Ln] g]kfn cfdL{dfly @–! uf]n cGt/sf] lht xft kf/ ]sf] xf] . hf/L lnudf cf/l;6Lsf] of] bf];|+f] lht xf] . klxnf] lhtaf6 kfPsf] tLg c+s Pg;]nsk gv]n]sf sf/0f vf]l;Psf] lyof] . ;f]xL sf/0f cf/l;6Ln] !) v]n v]Nbfdfq rf/ c+s agfPsf] 5 . cf/l;6Ln] o;cl3 Ps v]na/fa/L v]n]sf] lyof] . g]kfn cfdL{dfly lht xft kfg]{ qmddf cf/l;6Lsf nflu v]nsf] ^$ cf}+ ldg]6df 8f]gf yfkfn] uf]n ub}{ uf]nsf] vftf vf]n]sf lyP . &% cf}+ ldg]6df ;'ljg >]i7n] klg uf]n ug{ ;kmn ePkl5 cf/l;6L @–) n] cufl8 /x]sf] lyof] . &( cf}+ ldg]6df ;]gfsf lht]Gb| sfsL{n] uf]n ub}{ v]ndf uf]ncGt/ @–! n] sd agfP . To;kl5 b'j}tkm{af6 yk uf]n gePkl5 cf/l;6L @–! n] ljhoL ePsf] xf] . lhtkl5 klg cf/l;6L tflnsfdf ;a}eGbf k'R5f/df /x]sf] 5 .

ljho / ;'l:dtfnfO{ :j0f{ 6fOD; ;+jfbbftf sf7df8f}+, df3 !# . df]/ªsf ljho l;GhfnL / ;z:q k|x/L ansf] PkLPkm SnasL ;'l:dtf tfdfªn] /fli6«o k|yd n'lDagL RoflDkogl;kcGtu{t !) cf}+ /fli6«o p;' k|ltof]lutfsf] yfpnf]df ;f]daf/ :j0f{ lht]sf 5g\ . w/fgl:yt klAns xfO{ :s'ndf ePsf] k'?if 5fª 5\jfgdf s'g} klg cGt/f{li6«o k|ltof]lutf gv]n]sf ljhon] Pl;ofnL v]ns'bsf] ;d]t cg'ej a6'n]sf lg/fhg cf]n] du/nfO{ kl5 kf/] . ljhon] *=*) c+s hf]8] eg] /fli6«o l6dsf

;b:o;d]t /x]sf lg/fhgn] *=&% c+s NofP . &=@) c+s;fy sfe|]sf k]df nfdfn] t];f| ] :yfgdf lrQ a'emfP . /fli6«o v]ns'b kl/ifb\ -/fv]k_ sf] tŒjfjwfgdf g]kfn p;' ;+3åf/f cfof]lht k|ltof]lutfsf] dlxnf 5fª 5\jfgdf ;'l:dtfn] *=)% c+s hf]l8g\ . bf];f| ] ePsL l;Gw'nLsL /ljgf udfnn] ^=@) tyf t];f| ] ePsL nlntk'/sL sljtf yfkf du/n] %=&% c+s hf]8] . ;f]daf/} ;fG;f}tkm{ klg ljleGg r/0fsf v]n ePsf lyP . ptf k|yd n'lDagL

/fli6«o RoflDkoglkcGtu{t !^ cf}+ k'?if tyf rf}yf] dlxnf /fli6«o lhDgfli6ssf] ;Dk"0f{ tof/L k"/f ePsf] cfof]hs g]kfn lhDgfli6s ;+3n] ;f]daf/ hgfPsf] 5 . k|ltof]lutf d+unaf/b]lv lj/f6gu/l:yt se8{xndf ;'? x'Fb}5 . :yfgLo cfof]hs df]/ª lhNnf lhDgfli6s ;+3sf ;lrj k|jL0f pk|]tLsf cg';f/ k|ltof]lutfdf ;xefuL x'g kfFr ljsf; If]q tyf g]kfnL ;]gf / ;z:q k|x/Lsf] 6f]nL cfof]hgf:yn lj/f6gu/ cfO;s]sf 5g\ .

6fOD; ;+jfbbftf sf7df8f}+, df3 !# . ljefuLo l6d g]kfnL ;]gfsL lgzf /fjn / g]kfn k|x/LsL /]lhgf sfsL{n] e}/xjfdf ;'? ePsf] !@ cf}+ /fli6«o t]SjfGbf] k|ltof]lutfsf] klxnf] lbg :j0f{ kbs lht]sf 5g\ . g]kfnL ;]gfsL lgzfn] dlxnf v'nftkm{ -&# s]lhdfly_ dWodf~rnsL lgtf tfdfªnfO{ k/flht ub}{ !@ cf}+ /fli6«o t]SjfGbf] k|ltof]lutfdf :j0f{ lhTg] klxnf] v]nf8L algg\ . lgzfn] klxnf] afp6df !)— ! n] cu|tf lnPsL lyOg\ . bf];f| ] afp6sf] klxnf] ldg]6d} k|ltåGåL tfdfªn] v]n kl/Tofu u/]kl5 lgzfsf] :j0f{ kbs kSsf ePsf] lyof] . To:t} u/L g]kfn k|x/LsL /]lhgf sfsL{n] PlkPkm SnasL ;l~rtf >]i7nfO{ !@—* c+sn] k/flht ub}{ :j0f{ lht]sL x'g\ . dlxnf $^ s]lhd'lgsf] tf}n ;d"xdf k|x/LsL sfsL{n] klxnf] afp6df ^—$ c+s agfpFb} cu|tf lnPsL lyOg\ . @ c+ssf] cu|tfnfO{ sfod /fVb} bf];|f] / t];|f] afp6df ;dfg $—@ sf] cu|tf lnFb} !@ cf}+ t]SjfGbf]df :j0f{ lhTg] bf];|f] v]nf8L algg\ . o;cl3 /]lhgfn] ;]ldkmfOgndf sfhn dWodf~rnsL >]i7nfO{ tyf ;l~rtfn] dWoklZrdf~rnsL dlgiff ;]ldkmfOgndf dNnnfO{ x/fpFb} kmfOgndf k|j]z u/]sf lyP . lgzf / lgtf eg] l;w}+ kmfOgndf k|j]z u/]sf lyP . To:t} u/L klxnf] lbg ;DkGg v]ndf k'?if %$ s]lh tf}ndf g]kfnL ;]gfsf c?0f clwsf/L / dWodf~rnsf tf/fs'df/ /fodfemL kmfOgndf k|j]z u/]sf 5g\ . c?0fn] ;]lddf PlkPdf rGb| /fgf du/nfO{ tyf tf/fn] k"jf{~rnsf g]q sfsL{nfO{ k/flht u/]sf lyP . To:t} u/L k'?if s} *& s]lhdfly ch'{g dWodf~rnsf

dxh{gn] ;'b"/klZrdsf cflzif rGbnfO{ k/flht ub}{ kmfOgn k|j]z u/] eg] g]kfnL ;]gfsf k|]daxfb'/ a'9fyf]sL ;f]em} kmfOgn k|j]z u/]sf 5g\ . !@ cf}+ /fli6«o t]SjfGbf] k|ltof]lutfcGtu{t /fli6«o v]ns'b kl/ifb\åf/f 3f]lift k|yd n'lDagL RoflDkogl;k, @)&) cGtu{t g]kfn t]SjfGbf] ;+3sf] cfof]hgf Pj+ l;4fy{ t]SjfGbf] ljsf; ;ldltsf] Joj:yfkgdf :yflgo l;4fy{ /+uzfnfdf k|ltof]lutf ;'? ePsf] xf] . k|ltof]lutfdf kfFr ljsf;

g]l/snfO{ bf]xf]/f] pkflw 6fOD; ;+jfbbftf sf7df8f}+, df3 !# . cfof]hs g]l/s Ps]8]dLn] t];f| ] h]lgy /]ld6–g]l/s cGt/ljBfno af:s]6an k|ltof]lutfdf ;f]daf/ bf]xf]/f] pkflw lht]sf] 5 . g]l/s l;lgo/ / h'lgo/ AjfOh b'j}df RoflDkog aGof] . z+vd"nl:yt 3/]n' sf]6{df ePsf] l;lgo/sf] kmfOgndf g]l/sn] lu|gNofG8nfO{ @%–!# n] k/flht u¥of] . ljh]tfsf c+lst e08f/Ln] !# c+s hf]8] . h'lgo/sf] pkflw le8Gtdf g]l/sn] 1fglgs]tgsf] r'gf}tL @*–!( n] ;dfKt kf¥of] . g]l/ssf] lhtdf ;ldt vqLn] @) c+s of]ubfg lbP . kmfOgnsf ;jf{lws :sf]/stf{åo c+lst / ;ldt cf– cfkm\gf] ljwfdf …df]:6 e]n'Pan Kn]o/Ú 3f]lift eP . l;lgo/df /]l8oG6 l/8/ / h'lgo/df lhlgcd g];gn Ps]8]dLn] …km]o/ Kn]Ú sf] pkflw xft kf/] . ljh]tfnfO{ cfof]hs ljBfno Joj:yfkg ;ldltsf cWoIf k|zfGt 9sfn, g]l/ssf lk|lG;kn nLnf e08f/L, g]l/ssf af]8{ ckm 8fO/]S6/ 8Da/axfb'/ vqLnufotn] k'/:sf/ k|bfg u/] . df3 & ut]b]lv ;'?

k|ltof]lutfsf] l;lgo/ / h'lgo/df ;dfg !@–!@ l6d ;xefuL lyP . o;}aLr k|yd n'lDagL /fli6«o RoflDkogl;k cGt/ut ePsf] k|yd o'–@) /fli6«o af:s]6an RoflDkogl;kdf hLhLcfO{;L / h]leo/

OG6/g]zgnn] ljhoL ;'?cft u/]sf 5g\ . g]kfn af:s]6an ;+3sf] cfof]hgfdf ;f]daf/ ePsf] k|ltof]lutfdf hLhLcfO{;Ln] gofF ahf/dfyL $^–#* c+ssf] lht lgsfNof] . klxnf] Sjf6{/df

*–!! n] kl5 k/]sf] hLhLcfO{;L To;kl5sf] ;DxflnFb} bf];f| ] / t];f| ] Sjf6{/df !%–( / !^–^ c+s hf]8\g ;kmn eof] . clGtd Sjf6{/df gofFahf/n] !@–& c+s hf]8] klg xf/nfO{ 6fg{ ;s]g . hLhLcfO{;Lsf] lhtdf cho g]kfnLsf] !( c+ssf] of]ubfg /Åof] . To:t} h]leo/n] 1fg lgs]tgdfly %)–$# c+ssf] lht lgsfNof] . klxnf] /bf];f| ] Sjf6{/df #–!@ / &–!% n] kl5 k/]sf] 1fg lgs]tg t];f| ] / rf}yf] Sjf6{/df !$–!% / !(–!* n] h]leo/nfO{ kl5 kf/] klg lht lgsfNg ;s]g . h]le/sf] sdf{ jfªu]n u'?ªn] @$ c+s hf]8] . o;}u/L gf;f / ;L;Lcf/;LaLr ePsf] v]ndf gf;f k/flht ePsf] 5 . gf;fnfO{ l;l;cf/;Ln] ^*–$@ c+sn] k/flht u¥of] . lxdfn tfdfªn] ;L;Lcf/;LnfO{ !^ c+ssf] of]ubfg u/] . csf]{ v]ndf 6fOD;n] df]uf{gdfly ^^–%# c+sn] k/flht u¥of] . 6fOD;sf nflu clg; u'?ªn] @@ c+s / df]uf{gsf nflu ;f}/ef >]i7n] @) c+ssf] of]ubfg u/] . k|ltof]lutfsf] o'jf tyf v]ns'b dGqL /fds'df/ >]i7n] pb\3f6g u/]sf lyP .

-k"jf{~rn, dWodf~rn, k l Z r d f ~ r n , tyf dWoklZrdf~rn ;'b"/klZrdf~rn_, ljefuLo l6dx¿ -g]kfnL ;]gf, g]kfn k|x/L tyf ;z:q k|x/L_ u/L * j6f l6dx¿af6 @ ;o %) v]nf8Lx¿sf] ;xeflutf /x]sf] 5 . k|ltof]lutfdf Uof]/f]uL tyf k'D;] u/L b'O{j6f ljwfdf v]nf8Lx¿aLr k|lt:kwf{ x'g]5 . Uof]/f]uLtkm{ dlxnf tyf k'?ifaf6 u/L hDdf !^ j6f tf}n ;d"xdf k|lt:kwf{ x'g]5 eg] k'D;]tkm{ Psn k'D;], l6d k'D;] / lko;{ k'D;] u/L tLgj6f ljwfx¿ /x]sf 5g\ . To;}u/L Uof]/f]uLtkm{ !^ :j0f{ !^ /ht / #@ sf:o tyf k'D;]tkm{ !! :j0f{, !! /ht / !! j6f sf:osf nflu k|lt:kwf{ x'g]5 . k|ltof]lutfsf] pb\3f6g ub}{ /fli6«o v]ns'b kl/ifb\sf ;b:o;lrj o'j/fh nfdfn] a'4 eujfgsf] hGd:yn n'lDagLsf] gfddf RoflDkogl;k ;'? x'g' uf}/jsf] ljifo ePsf] atfP . /fli6«o v]ns'b kl/ifb\n] n'lDagL / a'4 eujfgsf] gfpdf n'lDagL RoflDkogl;k cfof]hgf ;'? u/] klg n'lDagL If]qd} s'g} klg v]ns'b x'g nfu]sf] ca:yfdf t]SjfGbf] ;+3n] oxfF k|ltof]lutf u/L ul/df a9fPsf] t]SjfGbf] ;+3sf dxf;lrj bLk/fh u'?+ªn] hgfP . k|ltof]lutf g]kfnd} klxnf]k6s hldgdfly # lkm6 cUnf] P/]gf agfP/ ;'? ePsf] 5 . pb\ 3f6g ;qdf ¿kGb]xLsf ;xfos k|d'v lhNnf clwsf/L sf}zn/fh zdf{ ltldN;]gf, l;4fy{ t]SjfGbf] ljsf; ;ldltsf ;:yfks cWoIf ;~ho alhdo, :yfgLo Joj:yfks ;ldltsf ;+of]hs lr/~hLjL /fpt, t]SjfGbf] ;+3sf s]Gb|Lo ;b:o sf]l;zaxfb'/ v8sfnufotn] af]Nb} k|ltof]lutf P]ltxfl;s ¿kdf ;DkGg ul/g] hgfPsf lyP .

If]q

eLP; lgs]tg / ;L;Lcf/;L Sjf6{/ kmfOgndf 6fOD; ;+jfbbftf sf7df8f}+, df3 !# . eLP; lgs]tg / ;L;Lcf/;L :j= gf/fo0fk|;fb >]i7 :d[lt k|yd cf]d]uf–Sj]:6 cGt/sn]h 5fq af:s]6an k|ltof]lutfdf ;f]daf/ Sjf6{/kmfOgndf k|j]z u/]sf 5g\ . nuftf/ b'O{ v]n lht]sf eLP; lgs]tg ;d"x …8LÚ / ;L;Lcf/;L ;d"x …aLÚ sf] ljh]tf aGb} Sjf6{/kmfOgndf k'u]sf x'g\ . eLP; lgs]tgn] o'lgsnfO{ $^–!! n] ;xh} k/flht u¥of] . ljh]tfsf clgz du/n] !$ c+s hf]8] . ;L;Lcf/;Ln] sf]nDa;nfO{ $%–@$ n] x/fof] . ;L;Lcf/;Lsf] lhtdf /fs]z >]i7n] !^ c+s of]ubfg u/] . cf]d]uf / Sj]:6 OG6/g];gn sn]håf/f ;+o'Qm cfof]lht k|ltof]lutfdf lk|ldo/ klg ;d"x …aLÚ sf] ljh]tfsf x}l;otn] Sjf6{/kmfOgndf k'Uof] . lk|ldo/n] uf]N8]gu]6sf] r'gf}tL %$–%! n] kG5fof] . lk|ldo/sf ljgf]b g]kfnLn] !^ :sf]/ u/] . ;d"x r/0fsf] csf]{ v]ndf

;fOkfnn] sflGh/f]jfdfly #^–^ sf] ;xh lht lgsfNof] . ;fOkfnsf cl;d Unfgn] !^ c+s hf]8] . ptf k|yd n'lDagL /fli6«o RoflDkogl;kcGtu{t t];f| ] /fli6«o km'n sG6\ofS6 s/ft] k|ltof]lutf @)&) sf] dlxnf %) s]lhdfly tf}n ;d"xdf klZrdf~rnsL laGb' k'gdu/ k|yd / %) s]lhd'lg tf}n ;d"xdf klZrdf~rnsL ;'idf yfkfdu/ k|yd ePsL 5g\ . lrtjgsf] e/tk'/l:tt se8{xndf ePsf] /fli6«o k|ltof]lutfcGtu{t

;f]daf/ ;DkGg kmfOgn v]nsf] ^) s]lhdfly k'?if v'nf tf}n ;d"xdf g]kfnL ;]gfsf jL/dfg nfdf k|yd ePsf 5g\ . To;}u/L cGo tf}n ;d"xcGtu{t ^) s]lhd'lgdf g]kfn k|x/Lsf g/]z rf}w/L, %) s]lhd'lg klZrdf~rnsf k"0f{ yfkfdu/ k|yd ePsf 5g\ . ljhoL v]nf8Lx¿nfO{ km'n sG6\ofS6 dxf;+3sf pkfWoIf hutk|;fb uf}rgn] l;N8, d]8n tyf k|df0fkq ljt/0f u/]sf lyP .


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@)&) df3 !$, d+unaf/ | Tuesday, 28 January, 2014

#$ Joj;foLnfO{ l;cfOkL ;Ddfg Pc/kf]6{b]lv ;/sf/L e]6df cu|flwsf/

kz'klt xfO{ OghL{ la:s'6

sf7df8f}+ . ljleGg :jfbsf lj:s'6 pTkfbg ub}{ cfPsf] kz'klt la:s'6 OG8li6«hn] xfO{ OghL{ la:s'6 ahf/df NofPsf] 5 . of] la:s'6 a9\bf] pd]/sf afnaflnsf, j[4–j[4fsf ;fy} zf/Ll/s kl/>d ug]{ JolQmsf nflu lgs} pko'Qm x'g] sDkgLsf] bfaL 5 . u'0f:t/Lo Kofs]lhªdf pknAw Ps ;o u|fdsf] Kofs]6sf] v'bf| d"No #% ?k}ofF kg]{ sDkgLn] hgfPsf] 5 . la:s'6 yk k|f]l6g, lrNnf] kbfy{, sfaf]{xfO8«]6 / Sofnf]/Lsf ;fy} le6fldg …PÚ, …aL @, …aLÚ ^, …aLÚ !@, …;LÚ, …8LÚ / …O{Ú tyf vlgh tŒj cfO/g, SoflN;od / cGo cfjZos vlghtŒj /x]sf 5g\ .

6fOD; ;+jfbbftf sf7df8f},+ df3 !# . ;/sf/n] d'ns ' sf] cy{tGqsf] ljsf;df dxŒjk"0f{ of]ubfg k'¥ofpg] Joj;foLnfO{ dxŒjk"0f{ Jofj;flos JolQm ;LcfOkL_ ;Ddfg u/]sf] 5 . ;f]daf/ /fi6«klt lgjf; zLtn lgjf;df cfof]lht sfo{qmddf /fi6«klt 8f= /fdj/0f ofbjn] ljleGg !% j6f ljwfdf #$ hgf :jb]zL tyf ljb]zL pBdL, Joj;foLnfO{ nf]uf] tyf k|df0fkq k|bfg u/]sf 5g\ . /fi6«klt 8f= /fdj/0f ofbjn] ;/sf/n] lgof{tsf] ;"rLdf /fv]sf j:t'x¿sf] pTkfbg, ljsf;sf ;fy} lgof{t k|j4{gnfO{ cem} ;zQm¿kdf cufl8 a9fpg'kg]{ atfP . Jofkf/sf ;Defjgfsf] k|ltkmn ;/sf/ jf lghL If]q PSn}n] dfq k|fKt ug{ ;Dej gePsf] pNn]v ub}{ ;/sf/n] nfu" u/]sf gLlt of /0fgLltn] klxrfg u/]sf j:t'sf] lgof{tdf ;dGjo cfjZos /x]sf] atfP . cy{, pBf]u, jfl0fHo tyf cfk"lt{dGqL z+s/k|;fb sf]O/fnfn] pBdLsf] ;Ddfg ;/sf/ / lghL If]qaLrsf] ;DaGw ;]t"sf] Ps c+z ePsf] pNn]v ub}{ o;n] d'n'ssf] pBf]u Joj;fo /f]huf/L / o; If]qdf ;Da4 Joj;foLnfO{ yk pT;fx / xf};nf k|bfg ug]{ ljZjf; cfly{s If]qsf] JoQm u/]

s–s;n] kfP ;Ddfg < sf7df8f}+ . ;LcfOkLaf6 ;Ddflgt x'g]x¿df t];f| ] d'n'stkm{ lgsf;L /sdsf] cfwf/df cu|:yfgdf /x]sf pmgL un+}rftkm{ b ;f+lu|nf sfk]{6 PG8 ÅofG8L qmfkm\6\; OG8l:6«hsf k|aGw ;~rfns t]glhg ;f]kf nfdf, tof/L kf]zfstkm{ g]kfn km];g k|fOe]6 lnld6]8sf k|aGw lgb]{zs xl/k|;fb e§, klZdgfsf pTkfbgtkm{ Pe/]:6 klZdgf lg6 PG8 ljleª OG8l:6«sf k|aGw lgb]{zs ss]{g tfªa] u'?ª, d';'/f]sf] bfntkm{ lqj]0fL bfn tyf cfon OG8l:6«hsf cWoIf jL/]Gb|s'df/ ;+3O{, 5fnftkm{ Pl;og n]b/ OG8l:6«hsf k|aGw ;~rfns x;g cG;f/L /x]sf 5g\ . To;}u/L 8fa/ g]kfnsf sG6«L Dofg]h/ x/ls/t l;+x a]bL, Pe/]:6 km];gsf k|d'v sfo{sf/L clws[t dx]Zj/ >]i7, Onfd l6 k|f]8\o';;{sf k|aGw ;~rfns s[i0fk|;fb k|;fO{+, clk lxdfno OG6/g]zgnsf cWoIf /fdk|;fb >]i7 klg ;Ddlgt ePsf 5g\ . ljb]zLtkm{ Pl;og n]b/ OG8l:6«hsf ;~rfns cflab cln cG;f/L, ;f+lu|nf Pu|f] jN8{sf cWoIf 8f]df nfdf, tdfl/og, jflN6df]/, ;+o'Qm/fHo cd]l/sfsf cWoIf :6Le 6L ;fOjf]/, /fOlhª OG6/g]zgn O+s, Pn df]G6], ;+o'Qm/fHo cd]l/sfsf k|]l;8]G6÷l;Ocf] Clif k'Ggfv/ 9sfn, cf]6f] pGgogsf nflu ;/sf/n] u/]sf] of] k|of; sf];]9'+uf ;fljt x'g] atfpFb} dGqL sf]O/fnfn] zflGtk"0f{ r'gfj eP/ ;/sf/ aGg] k|lqmofdf /x]sf] cj:yfdf cfly{s ljsf; d'n'ssf] klxnf] Ph]G8f x'g] wf/0ff /fv] .

rf}w/L u'|knfO{ sdgj]Nysf] ;b:otf sf7df8f}+, df3 !# -6f;_ . rf}w/L u|'kn] sdgj]Ny ljhg]; sfplG;nsf] ;b:otf k|fKt u/]sf] 5 . sdgj]Nysf] ;b:otfn] rf}w/L u|'knfO{ ljZjsf ;b:o /fi6« / ;b:o sDkgLaLr ;xsfo{sf nflu af6f] v'n]sf] 5 . rf}w/L u|'k sdgj]Ny ;b:otf kfpg] g]kfns} klxnf] cf}Bf]lus ;d"x xf] .sdgj]Nysf ;b:on] cGo ;b:o;Fusf] 5nkmn / cGtlqm{ofaf6 ;DalGwt b]zdf gLlt lgdf{0fdf ;d]t dxŒjk"0f{ nlaª ug{ ;Sg]5g\ . ;b:o /fi6«x¿n] /fi6« k|d'v;Fu ;d]t ;f]em} e]63f6 ug{ ;Sg]5g\ . sdgj]Ny ljhg]; sfplG;nn] /fi6«x¿ / lghL ;+:yfaLr cGt/f{li6«o ahf/, ;fgf Joj;fo / ax'/fli6«o sDkgLaLr k'nsf] sfd ub}{ cfPsf] 5 .

lhPdlaPr, hd{gLsf k|d'v lqml:rog uf]N8Dofg, 8fa/ OlG8of, ef/tsf k|ltlglw lsn; /fd s'2g rf}/fl;of, cl/xGt dlN6kmfOa;{sf ;~rfns /fhs'df/ uf]N5f /x]sf 5g\ . ;fy} OG6/g]zgn dlg PS;k|];sf sfo{sf/L cWoIf rGb|k|;fb 9sfn, xfoft l/h]G;L k|flnsf sfo{sf/L ;~rfns ;'/]znfn >]i7, olt 6«feN;sf cWoIf 8f= l;+xaxfb'/ a:g]t, g]kfn b"/;~rf/ sDkgLsf k|aGw lgb]{zs cg'k/~hg e§/fO{ klg ;Ddlgt ePsf 5g\ . /fli6«o of]ubfg lbg] ;+:yftkm{ g]kfn pBf]u jfl0fHo dxf;+3sf cWoIf ;'/h j}B, g]kfn pBf]u kl/;+3sf cWoIf g/]Gb|s'df/ a:Goft, g]kfn un}+rf lgsf;Lstf{ ;+3sf cWoIf cg'kaxfb'/ dNn, s]Gb|Lo un}+rf pBf]u ;+3 g]kfnsf cWoIf ;Da' z]kf{, g]kfn tof/L kf]zfs pBf]u ;+3sf cWoIf pbo/fh kf08], g]kfn klZdgf pBf]u ;+3sf cWoIf k'ikdfg >]i7, g]kfn x:tsnf dxf;+3sf cWoIf x]d/Tg zfSo, dlxnf pBdL dxf;+3 g]kfnsf cWoIf l/tf e08f/L klg ;Ddlgt ePsf 5g\ . jfl0fHo tyf cfk"lt{ dGqfnoåf/f cfof]lht pQm sfo{qmddf ;Ddflgtx¿nfO{ k|df0fkq, kl/rokq / nf]uf] k|bfg ul/Psf] lyof] .

jfl0fHo tyf cfk"lt{ ;lrj dfwjk|;fb /]UdLn] gLltut Joj:yf u/]/ g} ;/sf/n] o;k|sf/sf] ;Ddfgsf] yfngL u/]sf] atfP . g]kfn pBf]u jfl0fHo dxf;+3sf sfo{jfxs cWoIf efis//fh /fhsl0f{sf/n] /fHoaf6 plrt

;Ddfg eP dgaf]n pRr x'g] / pRr dgf]an ePdf Jofkf/ km:6fpg] atfP . ;LcfOkLaf6 ;Ddflgt Joj;fonfO{ Pc/kf]6{ / ;/sf/L e]]6df cu|flwsf/ x'g]5 .

g]kfn–ef/t d}qL c:ktfn ;~rfngdf 6fOD; ;+jfbbftf sf7df8f}+, df3 !# . g]kfn ef/t d}qL c:ktfn ;~rfngdf cfPsf] 5 . sf7df8f+}sf] ldqkfs{df :yfkgf ePsf] c:ktfn ;f]daf/ g]kfnl:yt ef/tLo /fhb"tfjf;sf 8]k'6L lrkm ckm ld;g hobLk dh'dbf/n] pb\3f6g u/] . ;f] cj;/df gofFlbNnLl:yt DofS; c:ktfn ;fs]tsf al/i7 SofG;/ ljif]z1

8f= cldz rf}w/L / d'6'/f]u tyf 5fQL/f]u ;NolrlsT;s 8f= /hlgz dnxf]qfn] lj/fdLsf] :jf:y k/LIf0f u/]sf lyP . :ktfndf g]kfn tyf ef/tsf jl/i7 lrlsT;saf6 ;f]daf/b]lv cf]lk8L ;]jf ;'? ePsf] c:ktfnsf k|aGw lgb]{zs 8f= Zofd v8\sfn] hfgsf/L lbPsf 5g\ . ;f] c:ktfnsf ;+/Ifs ;"o{e"iffnsf] klg pkl:ylt /x]sf] lyof] .

/f]on ;'hsf gofF df]8n

sf7df8f}+ . /f]on ;'hsf gofF df]8nsf h'Qf ahf/df cfPsf 5g\ . sDkgLn] sf7df8f}+ pkTosfnufot ljleGg :yfgaf6 cfkm\gf pTkfbg d'nse/ pknAw u/fpFb} cfPsf] 5 .

xa{n afof] ÅjL:sL sf7df8f}+ . afof]6]s l:kl/6 g]kfnn] hl8a'6L lgld{t ÅjL:sL / ef]8sf g]kfnL ahf/df laqmL ;'? u/]sf] 5 . dlb/f ;]jg gu/f}+, lkpg'k/] afof] g} k|of]u u/f}+ eGg]] gf/fsf ÅjL:sL ahf/df NofPsf] xf] . ljut Ps dlxgfb]lv g]kfne/ afof] a|fG8sf dlb/f pknAw u/fpFb} cfPsf] sDkgLn] cf}krfl/s kl5Nnf]k6s afof] ÅjL:sL / ef]8sf ;fj{hlgs u/]sf] xf] . g]kfndf klxnf]k6s hl8a'6L ld>0faf6 dlb/f pTkfbg u/]sf] sDkgLsf] bfaL 5 . afof] ÅjL:sLdf c:juGwf, t'n;L, ;k{uGwfnufot !* hl8a'6Lsf] ;ld>0f /x]sfn] afof] ÅjL:sLn] s'g} gsf/fTds c;/ gug]{ sDkgLsf] bfaL 5 . ljut !* jif{b]lv hl8a'6L;DaGwL ;f]wsfo{kZrft dlb/f pTkfbg ul/Psf] ef/tLo hl8a'6L lj1 8f= >Llgjf; u'Ktfn] atfP . pTs[i6 df]gfnl;;af6 lgld{t g]kfnL hl8a'6L ÅjL:sL÷ef]8sf bz jif{leq ljZjs} pTs[i6 a|fG8sf ¿kdf :yflkt ul/g] >Llgjf;n] hfgsf/L lbP .

h];LaL–kqsf/ ;xsfo{ sf7df8f}+ . g]kfnsf c6f] kqsf/x¿sf] Ifdtf ljsf;sf nflu x]eL OSo'kd]G6 h];LaLsf] g]kfnl:yt cflwsf/Ls laqm]tf PdP8An' OG6/k|fOh]h / g]kfn c6f] kqsf/ ;+3aLr ;xsfo{ x'g] ePsf] 5 . kqsf/sf] Ifdtf ljsf;sf nflu ljleGg tflnd tyf cjnf]sg e|d0fdf b'O{ lgsfoaLr ;xsfo{ x'g nfu]sf] xf] . kqsf/;Fu lgdf{0f pks/0fsf ljifodf k|ljlws 1fg sd ePsf] eGb} PdP8An' OG6/k|fOh]hsf ahf/ k|aGws ;~hLj b]phfn] b'O{ lgsfoaLr ;xsfo{ u/L Ifdtf ljsf;sf nflu sfo{qmd ;~rfng ug]{ atfP . ;f]xL cj;/df pgn] g]kfn c6f] kqsf/ ;+3sf cWoIf s]bf/ bfxfnnfO{ kqsf/sf] Ifdtf ljsf;sf nflu cfjZos tflnd ;~rfngsf nflu ;xof]u /sd x:tfGt/0f u/] . g]kfnL lgdf{0f If]qdf h];LaLsf] ahf/ lx:;f sl/a &) k|ltzt /x]sf] sDkgLsf] bfaL 5 . h];LaLsf] 8f]h/, Aofsf]nf]8/, :sfe]6/, lnkm\6]n, qm]gnufotsf x]eL OSo'd]G6 laqmL ub}{ cfPsf] 5 . sDkgLn] g]kfndf jflif{s # ;o a9L ;fwg laqmL ub}{ cfPsf] pgn] atfP .


cy{÷jfl0fHo

afof]d]l6«s nfu" eP #@ s/f]8 a9L ljb]l;g]

@) s/f]8sf] ;]o/ sf/f]af/ sf7df8f}+, df3 !# -6f;_ . s]xL dlxgfcl3;Dd b}lgs %) s/f]8eGbf a9Lsf] ;]o/ sf/f]af/ x'g] u/]sf]df clxn] sf/f]af/df lu/fj6 cfPsf] 5 . ut ;ftf / of] ;ftfsf] b'O{ lbgsf] ;]o/ sf/f]af/cg';f/ b}lgs sf/f]af/ /sd cf};t #) s/f]8df em/]sf] 5 . ;+ljwfg;ef lgjf{rgsf] a]nf ;]o/df lgs} ptf/ r9fj cfPsf]df clxn] ahf/ ;lRrg] qmddf /x]sf] ljZn]ifsx¿sf] egfO 5 . ;ftfsf] ;'?sf] lbg cfOtaf/ #^ s/f]8sf] sf/f]af/ ePsf]df ;f]daf/ hDdf @) s/f]8sf] sf/f]af/ ePsf] 5 . ;f]daf/ jfl0fHo a}+s / xf]6n ;d"xsf sDkgLsf] sf/f]a/fdf lu/fj6 cfPsf] 5 . oL b'O{ ;d"xdWo] jfl0fHo a}+ssf] ;a}eGbf w]/} sl/a ^ c+s / xf]6n ;d"xsf] sl/a % c+ssf] lu/fj6 cfPsf] xf] . b'O{ ;d"xafx]s cGo ;d"xsf] g]kfn 6]lnsdsf] ;d]t pTs[i6 sf/f]af/ x'g g;Sbf ;]o/ sf/f]af/df lu/fj6 cfPsf] 5 . /sd / kl/;"rssf cfwf/df o:tf] lu/fj6 cfPsf] xf] . ;f]daf/ @) s/f]8 ! nfv ?k}ofFsf] ;]o/ vl/b laqmL ePsf]df ;]o/ sf/f]af/ dfkg ug]{ kl/;"rsdf # bzdnj @! c+ssf] lu/fj6 cfPsf] 5 . cfOtaf/ #^ s/f]8eGbf a9Lsf] sf/f]af/ ePsf]df sf/f]af/ /sddf cfOtaf/sf] t'ngfdf !^ s/f]8 36]sf] 5 . of]] lu/fj6kl5 ;]o/ sf/f]af/ dfkg ug]{ kl/;"rs &*) bzdnj $& c+sdf em/]sf] 5 . ljsf; a}+s, hnljB't\ tyf ljQ / OG:of]/]G; ;d"xsf] sf/f]af/df eg] ;f]daf/ Go"g c+ssf] ;'wf/ cfPsf] 5 . hDdf ! ;o @$ sDkgLsf] ;]o/ sf/f]af/ ePsf]df @ xhf/ @ ;o *% sf/f]af/af6 @) s/f]8 ! nfv ^ xhf/ % ;o $! ?k}ofFa/fa/sf ^ nfv #@ xhf/ @ ;o @& lsQf ;]o/ lsga]r ePsf 5g\ . ;a}eGbf w]/} sdfpg] kfFr sDkgLdf sG6«L 8]enkd]G6 a}+s, ljhg]; o'lge;{n ljsf; a}+s, sfi7dG8k 8]enkd]G6 a}+s, z'e]R5f ljsf; a}+s / ;'lk|d 8]enkd]G6 a+}s /x]sf 5g\ . w]/} u'dfpg]df eg] sfdgf ljsf; a}+s, l;6L 8]enkd]G6 a}+s, o'gfO8]6 kmfOgfG;, d'lQmgfy ljsf; a}+s / ljZj ljsf; a}+s /x]sf 5g\ .

ls/0f 9sfn sf7df8f}+, df3 !# . dn]l;of hfg] sfdbf/sf] :jf:Yo k/LIf0f ug{ afof]d]l6«s k|0ffnL nfu" ePdf g]kfnaf6 #@ s/f]8eGbf a9L /sd dn]l;of lkmtf{ x'g] ePsf] 5 . of] k|0ffnLcGtu{t :jf:Yo k/LIf0f ug]{ x/]s ;+:yfn] cf7 nfv ?k}of“ -* xhf/ 8n/ 8n/_ lt/]/ dn]l;ofaf6} ;km6\jo]/ lsGg'kg]{ tyf x/]s jif{ @ nfv ^$ xhf/ /sd a'emfpg'kg]{ ePsfn] olt w]/} /sd aflx/Lg] ePsf] xf] . clxn] of] k|0ffnL nfu" ug{ g]kfnsf] g]kfn :jf:Yo Joj;foL dxf;+3 / j]l:6g]6aLr ;Demf}tf eO;s]sf] 5 . ;Demf}tfcg';f/ afof]d]l6«s k|0ffnL nfu" ug{] tof/L eO/x]sf] 5 . clxn] ;/sf/n] # ;o % :jf:Yo ;+:yfnfO{ sfdbf/sf] :jf:Yo k/LIf0fsf] cg'dlt lbg] tof/L ul//x]sf] 5 . ;f]xLcg';f/ # ;o % ;+:yfn] of] ;km\6j]o/ vl/b ubf{ @$ s/f]8 $) nfv ?k}of“ /sd dn]l;of lkmtf{ x'g] Joj;foLn] atfPsf 5g\ . o;sf ;fy}, x/]s jif{ k|To]s :jf:Yo ;+:yfn] of] k|0ffnL k|of]u u/]jfkt @ nfv ^$ xhf/ ?k}of“ /sd dn]l;og sDkgLnfO{ ltg'{kg]{ x'G5 . # ;o % ;+:yfn] x/]s jif{ ltg]{ of] /sd dfq * s/f]8 % nfv @) xhf/ x'G5 . …;'?df 

!# nfv lSjG6n pv' qml;ª alb{jf;, df3 !# . dxf]Q/L lhNnfsf] /fdgu/l:yt Pe/]:6 ;'u/ P]G8 s]ldsn OG8li6«hn] clxn];Dd !# nfv %) xhf/ lSjG6n pv' qml;ª ;s]sf] 5 . ut k'; !@ ut]b]lv ;~rfngdf cfPsf] of] pBf]un] Ps dlxgfsf] cjlwdf !# nfv %) xhf/ pv' qml;ªsf] sfd ;s]sf] xf] . b}lgs %) xhf/ pv' qml;ª ug]{ Ifdtfsf] of] pBf]un] o;kfln %) nfv lSjG6n pv' qml;ª ug]{ nIo lnPsf] 5 . o;dWo] @& nfv lSjG6n lhNnfaf6 / c¿ cGo lhNnfaf6 pv' k|fKt x'g] pBf]usf pv' k|aGws o'unlszf]/ rf}/l;ofn] hfgsf/L lbP . ut jif{ eg] pBf]un] $^ nfv lSjG6n pv'dfq qml;ª u/]sf] lyof] . otf lhNnfsf ls;fgn] eg] pv' s6fgsf nflu rnfgk'hL{ -s6fg Ohfht_ glbFbf pv' af]6d} ;'Sg yfn]sf] u'gf;f] u/]sf 5g\ . pBf]un] afÅo lhNnfaf6 pv' Nofpg] sfdnfO{ k|fyldstf lbFbf cfk"mx¿sf] pv' af]6d} ;'Sg nfu]sf] lhNnfsf] lahnk'/f–& sf ls;fg dx]Gb|k|;fb l;+xn] atfP . lhNnfdf lbOg] rnfgk'hL{ klg eg;'g / 7"nfa8fsf] d'v x]/]/ lbg] u/]sfn] cfk"mx¿nfO{ dsf{ k/]sf] ls;fgsf] egfO 5 . vf;u/L d+l;/d} qml;ª sf6\g] / k]Ng]_ sfd ug'{kg]{ xf] . bf];|f]k6ssf] km;n -v'§L_ pv' s6fgdf l9nfO ePkl5 af]6d} ;'Sg nfu]sf] ls;fgn] atfPsf x'g\ . klxnf]kN6sf] km;n lnOg] -d'8g_ pv' s]xL ;dokl5 sf6\g ldNg] ePklg v'§L pv'rflxF sf6\g l9nfO ePsf] ls;fgx¿ atfpF5g\ . v'§L pv' sf6]/ csf]{ 58\s] afnL -v'§L pv' sf6]/ csf]{ jif{ gofF pv' nufpg] ;doaLrdf nufOg] afnL_ nufpg] ;do

lrtjgdf gofF l/;f]6{ v'Ng] sf7df8f},+ df3 !# -6f;_ . ko{6ssf] cfsif{s uGtJosf ¿kdf /x]sf] lrtjgdf ;'ljwf ;DkGg gofF l/;f]6{ ;~rfngdf cfpg] ePsf] 5 . lgdf{0ffwLg NofG8dfs{ km/]:6 kfs{ gfds gofF l/;f]6{ cfufdL kmfu'g @% ut]bl] v ;~rfngdf NofOg] ePsf] 5. ;d|f6 u|k' PG8 6«fensf] sl/a @) s/f]8sf] nufgLdf 8]9 la3f If]qkmndf lgdf{0f ul/Psf] l/;f]6d{ f $^ j6f jftfg'sl" nt kfx'gf sf]7f, ljleGg cGt/f{li6«o / /fli6«o vfgf pknAw u/fpg] /]:6'/fF, ;]ldgf/ } f, kf}8L kf]v/L, xn, kof{j/0fd}qL auFr jGohGt' cjnf]sgnufotsf ;'ljwf /x]sf] ;f]daf/ /fhwfgLdf kqsf/ ;Dd]ng u/L hfgsf/L lbOPsf] xf] . ljb]zL ko{6ssf] t'ngfdf cfGtl/s ko{6snfO{ $) k|ltzt;Dd vfgf / a:gdf 5'6 lbOg] / ;~rfng ePsf] ^ dlxgf;Dd ljz]if Kofs]h ;'ljwf k|bfg ul/g] l/;f]6{sf dxfk|aGws z/b k|wfgn] atfP . lrtjgsf] af3df/fdf ;~rfng x'g] l/;f]6{ klxnf] cTofw'lgs ;'ljwfo'Qm l/;f]6{ x'g] pgsf] bfaL lyof] . :yfgLo o'jfnfO{ /f]huf/ lbOg] / :yfgLo pTkfbg s} vkt ul/g] klg pgn] atfPsf 5g\ . kf]v/fdf ;ft jif{b]lv xf]6n NofG8dfs{ ;~rfng ub}{ cfPsf] ;f] u'|kn] sf7df8f}+ / n'lDagLdf klg xf]6n vf]Ng] hgfPsf] 5 .

u'lh|Fbf v]taf/L afFemf] a;]sfn] lk/f]nf] a9]sf] e+ufxf– $ sf pv' ls;fg czf]ss'df/ dxtf]n] atfP . o;kfln pv' pTkfbs dxf;+3 / lrgL pBf]uaLr pv'sf] d"Noaf/] nfdf] ;do;Dd ;xdlt gx'Fbf pv' qml;ª l9nf] ;'? ePsf] xf] . qml;ª ;'? ePotf pBf]un] cfkm\gf ls;fg pBf]uaf6 pv' v]tLsf] cg'dlt lnPsf dxf]Q/L lhNnfsf ls;fg_ sf] afFsL /fvL klxn] cGo lhNnfsf] pv' lng nfu]sfn] cfkm\gf] pv' af]6d} ;'Sg nfu]sf] ls;fgn] atfPsf 5g\ . df3 dlxgfcl3 v'§L pv'sf] v]taf/L vfnL gx'bF f k';d} nufO;Sg'kg]{ csf]{ afnL nufpg gkfOPsf] lhNnfsf cfd ls;fgsf] u'gf;f] 5 . clxn] ;3g ¿kdf pv'v]tL ul/Psf lhNnfsf e+ufxf, kz'kltgu/, lahnk'/f, xfQLn]6, e/tk'/ / nIdLlgofF;lxtsf uflj;df v'§L pv' s6fg g;lsO{ 58\s] afnL nufpg gkfpFbf v]taf/L afFemf] /xg] l:ylt ag]sf]] xf] . ;dodf v'§L pv' s6fg gx'Fbf o;kfln cfkm\gf] pv'afnL /x]sf] b'O{ la3f v]taf/L afFem} a:g] l:ylt ag]sf] kz'kltgu/–$ sf ;'/hl;+x s'zjfxfn] atfP . otf /fdgu/l:yt Pe/]:6 ;'u/ PG8 s]ldsn OG8li6«hn] eg] ;a} If]qsf ls;fgnfO{ ;dfg'kflts 9+uaf6 rnfgk'hL{ lbOFb} cfPsf] hgfPsf] 5 . qml;ª l9nf] ;'? x'Fbf pv' s6fgdf l9nf] eO{ 58\s] afnL ;dodf nufpg gkfP/ ls;fgsf] lrGtf a9]sf] pBf]usf k|aGws s[i0frGb| bf;n] :jLsf/ u/]sf 5g\ . lhNnfdf @^ xhf/ x]S6/df o;kfln pv'afnL ul/Psf] / To;dWo] !% xhf/ x]S6/df v'§L / !! xhf/ x]S6/df d'8g /x]sf] pv' pTkfbs dxf;+3n] hgfPsf] 5 . -/f;;_

dgkl/ ef8f c;'Nb} 8f]Nkf, df3 !# . ut k'; @) ut] ;b/d'sfd b'g} NofOPsf b'O{j6f dlxGb|f lhk clxn] ;b/d'sfdb]lv ljdfg:yn;Ddsf] !# lsldsf] b"/Ldf ;~rfng eO/x]sf 5g\ . lhk ;~rfng ug{ tL uf8L wgLn] g t ;8s ljefusf] cg'dlt lnPsf 5g\ g t lhNnf

k|zf;g sfof{nosf] . cfkm"v'zL lhk ;~rfngdf NofO{ pgLx¿n] dgkl/ ef8f c;'n ul//x]sf] :yfgLo nf]s]Gb| s];Ln] atfP . /ftf] gDa/ Kn]6 /flvPsf] ;jf/L ;fwgn] dfG5] cf];f/k;f/ ug{ gx'g] sfg'gL k|fjwfg eP tf klg vrfvr dfG5] /fVg] ul/Psf] 5 . -/f;;_

;km\6j]o/ vl/b ug{ / x/]s jif{ of] jfkt :jf:Yo ;+:yfn] a'emfpg] /sddfq} #@ s/f]8 $% eGbf a9L x'G5Ú, …j}b]lzs /f]huf/ d]l8sn Pzf]l;P;gsf cWoÔ v8\uaxfb'/ >]i7n] eg], …oqf] /sd Toxf“sf] sDkgLnfO{ a'emfpg' eg]sf] dn]l;of hfg] sfdbf/nfO{ yk cfly{s ef/ a9fpg' xf] .Ú :jf:Yo ;+:yfn] of] k|0ffnLcGt{ut :jf:Yo k/LIf0f z'Ns;d]t a9fpg] ePsfn] o;sf] k|ToIf df/ g]kfnL sfdbf/nfO{ kg]{ pgsf] ts{ 5 . dn]l;ofsf] a]l:6g]6 P;8LPg aLPr8L gfds sDkgLn] agfPsf] of] k|0ffnLsf nflu :jf:Yo k/LIf0f ug]{ x/]s ;+:yfn] dx+uf] /sd lt/]/ ;km\6\j]o/ dn]l;ofaf6} cfoft ug'{kg]{ ePsfn] lj/f]w eO/x]sf] 5 . …xfdLn] o:tf] dx+uf] / cJojxfl/s l;:6d nfu" gu/f}+ eg]/ ;/sf/;Fu cfu|x ul//x]sf 5f}+Ú, >]i7n] eg], …Toxf“ sdfpg hfg] ul/a g]kfnLsf kIfdf ;/sf/n] ;d]t ;f]rljrf/ ug{ h?/L 5 .Ú clxn] x/]s jif{ Ps nfveGbf a9L g]kfnL /f]huf/Lsf nflu dn]l;of hfg] u/]sf 5g\ . of] k|0ffnL nfu" ePdf tL sfdbf/sf] :jf:Yo k/LIf0fsf nflu jflif{s $ s/f]8 /sd vr{ x'G5 . To; afkt klg 7"nf] dfqfdf /sd dn]l;og sDkgLn] g}

lkmtf{ lng] Joj;foLsf] egfO 5 . g]kfn j}b]lzs /f]huf/ Joj;foL ;+3sf k|yd pkfWoIf 6+saxfb'/ /fptn] ;/sf/n] cf“vf lrlDnP/ of] Joj:yfdf ;xdlt lbP dn]l;of /f]huf/Ldf hfg] sfdbf/sf] 6fpFsf]df nfvf}+ C0f yf]kl/g] atfP . To;}n] ;/sf/n] o; ljifodf uDeL/ eP/ ;f]Rg'kg]{ pgsf] egfO 5 . clxn] ;a}eGbf a9L /]ld6\ofG; dn]l;ofaf6} k|fKt x'g] eP klg of] k|0ffnL nfu" x'“bf k|fKt /]ld6\ofG;sf] 7"nf] lx:;f pt} kms{g] Joj;foLsf] egfO 5 . ;/sf/n] eg] clxn] o; ljifodf 5nkmn ;'? u/]sf] hgfp“b} cfPsf] 5 . >d tyf /f]huf/ dgqfnosf k|jQmf a'l4axfb'/ v8\sfn] of] k|0ffnL nfu" ug]{ gug]{ eGg] ljifodf 5nkmn eO/x]sf] atfP . ;/sf/n] cg'dlt lbPdf dfq of] nfu" x'g] Joj:yf 5 . dGqfnosf cg';f/ Joj;foLn] jfof]d]l6«s nfu" ubf{ dn]l;of /f]huf/Ldf hfg] sfdbf/nfO{ cfly{s ef/ ylkg] eGb} To;af/] ;f]Rg cfu|x u/]sfn] 5nkmn yflnPsf] xf] . >d tyf /f]huf/ dGqfnon] :jLs[lt lbg]lalQs} dn]l;ofn] of] k|0ffnL ;'? ug]{ ePsfn] clxn] g]kfnl:yt dn]l;ofnL b"tfjf;n] of] lgod nfu" ug{ dGqfno;“u 5nkmn ul//x]sf] 5 .

/f;g 7]Ssf k|lt:kwf{n] b'O{ s/f]8 art /fh]Gb| /fO{ vf]6fª df3 !# . g]kfnL ;]gfsf] /f;g v'jfpg] 7]Ssfdf k|lt:kwf{Tds k|0ffnL ckgfOPsf sf/0f sl/a b'O{ s/f]8 ?k}ofF /fh:j art ePsf]] 5 . ldn]dtf]df km"n :s]ndf 7]Ssf kfg]{ k/Dk/fnfO{ tf]8]/ k|lt:kwf{Tds k|0ffnL ckgfOPkl5 o;jif{ lbQm]n d'9]l:yt ha/h+u u0fdf sfo{/t g]kfnL ;]gfsf] /f;g 7]Ssfaf6 Ps s/f]8 (@ nfv !@ xhf/ * ;o &) ?k}ofF /fh:j art ePsf] xf] . cl3Nnf] jif{eGbf km/s lsl;dn] Joj;foLn] k|lt:kwf{ ug]{ k|lta4tf hgfP klg o:tf] cj:yf cfPsf] xf] . o;jif{ k|lt:kwf{ Pj+ 36f36 k|lqmofaf6 Pp6f kmd{n] ;a}eGbf 

sd d"Nodf ;]gfsf] /f;g 7]Ssf xfn]sf] ;|f]tn] atfof] . kmd{n] b}lgs k|lthjfg Ps ;o #^ ?k}ofFsf b/n] /f;g v'jfpg] u/L 7]Ssf xfn]sf] a'lemPsf] 5 . tf]lsPsf] k|ltJolQmsf] of] b/ lhNnfsf] b//]6 lgwf{/0f ;ldltn] lgwf{/0f u/]eGbf ^@ ?k}ofFn] sd x'g cfpF5 . b//]6 lgwf{/0f ;ldltn] eg] b}lgs k|lthjfg Ps ;o (* ?k}ofF /f;g lgwf{/0f u/]sf] lyof] . oBlk 36f36df kmd{ a'emfpg] o; kmd{sf] sfuhft hfFr ug{ / clGtd 6'+uf] nfUg eg] afFsL /x]sf] ha/h+u u0fsf k|d'v ;]gfgL /fdaxfb'/ yfkfn] hfgsf/L lbPsf 5g\ . 7]Ssf xfNg] kmd{sf] 8s'd]G6sf] r]s hfFr ug{ afFsL

5, k|d'v ;]gfgL yfkfn] eg], 7]Ssf lng] kmd{sf] ljifodf clxn];Dd 6'+uf] nfu]sf] 5}g . /f;gsf] 7]Ssf kfpg] kmd{n] lbQm]n / P];]n'vs{sf * ;o $( hjfgnfO{ jif{lbg;Dd /f;g v'jfpg]5 . /f;g 7]Ssfsf nflu ljleGg !$ j6f kmd{n] 7]Ssf xfn]sf 5g\ . o;cl3 ljleGg kmd{sf k|ltlglwsf] ldn]dtf]df km"n/]6 cyf{t lhNnf b//]]6 lgwf{/0f ;ldltn] lgwf{/0f u/]s} d"Nodf 7]Ssf kfg]{ / cf+lzs /sd afF8kmfF8 ug]{ u/]sf] cf/f]k nufOPsf] lyof] . ut ;fnb]lv 7]Ssf k|lqmof ;xh aGb} uPsfn] lhNnfdf afF8Lr'F8L vfg] / /fHonfO{ 3f6fdf kfg]{ sfddf sdL cfPsf] Ps Joj;foLn] atfP .

b"wdf cfTdlge{/ aGb} s}nfnL cQl/of df3, !# . s]xL jif{otfb]lv s}nfnL lhNnf b"w pTkfbgdf cfTdlge{/ aGb} uPsf] 5 . b'Uw Joj;fok|lt ls;fgsf] cfsif{0f a9\b} uPkl5 b"w pTkfbgdf cfTdlge{/ aGb} uPsf] xf] . s]xL jif{cl3 s}nfnLdf ef/tLo b"w lelqg] u/]sfdf clxn] lhNnfsf ls;fg b"w pTkfbgtkm{ cfslif{t ePsf sf/0f ef/tLo b"w lj:yflkt ePsf] xf] . s}nfnLdf pTkfbg ePsf] b"w lhNnfaflx/ lgof{t x'g] u/]sf] 5 . s}nfnLaf6 cfhef]ln b}lgs rf/ xhf/ ln6/ b"w lhNnf aflx/ lgof{t x'g] u/]sf] lhNnf kz';]jf sfof{non] hgfPsf] 5 . Jofj;flos ¿kdf ufO{e+};Lkfngdf oxfFsf s[ifssf] cfsif{0f a9];Fu} a;]{lg b"w pTkfbgdf j[l4 x'Fb} cfPsf] lhNnf kz';]jf sfof{nosf k|d'v 8f= ljgo s0f{n] atfP . lhNnfdf !( j6f ufO{ kmfd{ / cf7j6f ufO{e+};L

!!

@)&) df3 !$, d+unaf/ | Tuesday, 28 January, 2014

kmfd{ ;~rfngdf /x]sf] kz';]jf sfof{non] hgfPsf] 5 . lhNnfsf ljleGg 7fpFdf 8]/L pBf]u ;~rfng;Fu} Jofj;flos ¿kdf ufO{e}+;Lkfng ug]{ ls;fgsf] ;+Vof pNn]Vo ¿kdf a9\b} uPsf] atfOPsf] 5 . b'Uw ljsf; cfof]hgf cQl/ofsf k|d'v ab|Lk|;fb Gof}kfg]sf cg';f/ s}nfnL / s~rgk'/sf ljleGg 7fpFdf :yfkgf ul/Psf lr:ofg s]Gb|dfkm{t b}lgs rf/ xhf/ ln6/ b"w ;+sng x'Fb} cfPsf] 5 . lr:ofg s]Gb|af6 ;+slnt b"w b}lgs b'O{ xhf/ ln6/ aflx/ lgof{t x'Fb} cfPsf] atfOPsf] 5 . ahf/df b"w tyf b'Uw kbfy{sf] dfu klg a9\b} uPsf] pgsf] egfO 5 . kl5Nnf] k6s s}nfnL / s~rgk'/ b"w pTkfbgdf cfTdlge{/ aGb} uPsf] cfof]hgf k|d'v Gof}kfg]n] atfP . -/f;;_

g]kfn :6s PS:r]Gh lnld6]8 df3 !#, @)&) -hgj/L @&, @)!$_ qm=;+= 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124

sDkgLsf] gfd

clwstd

P; 8]= j}+s ln= s[lif ljsf; a}s ln= c?0f EofnL xfO8f] kfj/ PnfOG; OG:of]= sf= ln= cNkfOg 8] a}s ln= Pl;og nfOkm OG:of}/]G; sf] = ln= Pk]S; 8]enkd]G6 a}s ln= c/lgsf] 8]= a}s nL j}+s cfkm sf7df8f}+ a'6jn kfj/ sf] a|fO6 8]=a}s ln= ljZj ljsf; j}+s ln= ljhg]; o'lge;{n 8]]= a}s nL= l;6L 8]enkd]G6 a}s ln= lSng OghL{ 8]enkd]G6 j}+s ln= lrlnd] xfO8«f]kfj/ s+= l;l6hG; OGe]i6 d]G6 j}+s ln= sG6«L 8]= j}+s ln= skf]{/]6 8]= j}+s ln= l;l6hg; a}s OG6/g]:gn ln= l8k|f]S; 8]= j}+s ln= PS;]n 8]= j}+s ln= Pe/]i6 a}+s ln= km:6 kfOs|f] kmfOgfG; 8] a}s ln= ul/df ljsf; a}s ln= u'F/f; nfOkm OG:of}/]G; sf] ln= u|08 a}s g]kfn ln= uf}/L z+s/ 8]= a}=s ln= xdf dr]{G6 PG8 kmfOgfG; ln= xfd|f] ljsf; j}+s ln= Pr P08 aL 8]enkd]G6 a}s nL lxdfnog j}+s ln= lxdfnog hg/n OG:of]/]G; s+= ln= cfO ;L Pkm ;L kmfOggfG; ln+ cfO ;L Pkm ;L kmfOgfG; ln= Ogkmf:6sr/ 8]enkd]G6 a}+s ln= OG6/g]Zgn lnlhª P08 kmfOgfG; ln= Pgf]e]l6e 8]= j}+s ln= OG6/g]Zgn 8]enkd]G6 a}s ln= Hof]lt ljsf; j}+s ln= hgtf j}+s g]kfn ln= hfgsL kmfOgfG; ln= sf:sL kmfOgfG; ln+ s}nfz ljsf; a}s nL= s'df/L a}s nL= sfi7d08k 8] a}s ln= sfj]nL ljsf; j}s ln= lsi6 a}s ln= sfdgf ljsf; a}s ln= sGsfO ljsf; a}s ln= s0ff{nL 8] a}s ln= nIdL a}s ln= n'lDagL kmfOgfG; ln n'lDagL hg/n OG:of]= nfOkm OG:of]/]G; sf]= g]kfn dxfsfnL ljsf; j}s ln= df5fk'R5|] j}+s ln= ldt]/L 8]enkd]G6 a}+s ln= dNnLsf ljsf; j}+ sln= d]uf a}+s g]kfn ln= dxfnIdL kmfOgf:; ln= d'lQmgfy ljsf; a}s ln= g]lan j}+s ln= Pgljon j}+s ln=k|df]6/ ;]o/ g]kfn a+nfb]z j}+s ln= gljn Jofn]G; km08–! g]kfn j}+s ln= g]kfn qm]l86 PG8 sf]= j}+s lgnlu/L ljsf; a}s ln= g]kfn xfplhª PG8 dr]{r]G6 kmf= g]zgn xfO8«f] kfj/ s= g]kfn Oge]i6d]G6 a}s ln= Pg cfO ;L Pl;of a}s ln= g]kfn OG:of]= sf]= ln= g]?4 ne'ljQ ljsf; j}+s ln= PgPn hL OG:of]= s= ln= g]kfn nfOkm OG;f]/]G; ln= g]Zgn nfOkm OG:of]/]G; sf] ln= Pg Pd aL j}+s ln= gf/fo0fL g]Zgn kmfOgfG; ln= g]kfn b'/;~rf/ s+= ln= lg/wg pyfg ljsf; j}s ln= cf]d kmfOgfG; ln= cf]/]G6n xf]6n ln= Kofl;kmLs 8]= j}+s ln= k|fOd sdl;{on a}s ln= k|'8]G6n OG:of}/]G; sf]= k|fOd nfOkm OG:of}/]G; s+= ln= k|e' ljsf; a}s nL= k|km]Zgn lbofnf] ljsf; a}s nL= k'l0f{df ljsf; j}+s ln= /fOlhª 8]=j}+s ln= ?/n dfOs|f] kmfOgfG; ;flgdf a}+s ln= g]kfn P; la cfO{ l;bfy{ a}s ln= :6\of08{8 rf6{/ j}+s ln= ;jf ljsf; a}s ln= ;fOg /];'+uf 8]= a}s nL ;fgLdfO xfO8«f]kfj/ ln= ;u/dfyf OG:of}/]G; sf] ln= lzv/ OG:of}}/]G; sf] ln= >L OGe]i6d]G6 kmfOgfG; ln= l;4fy{ Oge]:6d]06 u|f]y :sLd ! l;4fy{ OG:;f]/]G; ln= ;fgf ls;fg ljsf; a}}s ln= ;"o{ nfOkm OG:of}]/]G; s ln ;u/dfyf d]r]{G6 j}+sl+ sª ;'ldt dfOqmf] kmfOgfG; 8]= a}s ln= ;g/fOh a}s nL= ;'j]R5f ljsf; j}+s ln= ;'lk|d 8]enkd]G6 a}+s ln= l;glh{ kmfOgfG; ln= lqj]gL ljsf; j}+s ln= 6'l/Hd 8]= j}+s ln= ltgfp 8]= j}+s ln= tf/fufFp l/h]G;L xf]6n tf/fufp l/h]G;L xf]6n o'lgcg kmfOgfG; ln= o'gfO6]8 OG:of}/]G; sf]= ln= o'gfO6]8 OG:ff] sf]= -g]fkn_ ln= leaf]/ ljsf; j}+s ln= j:6«g 8]= j}+s ln= h]lgy kmfOgfG; ln=

s"n sf/f]af/ /sd s"n ;]o/ sf/f]af/ s"n sf/f]af/

M M M

Go"gtd clGtd

km/s

210

206

206

-5

504

486

490

-13

619

600

615

8

525

520

525

6

168

162

166

1

734

700

734

14

150

143

150

6

142

128

140

10

610

575

593

7

1,269

1,245

1,250

-15

114

112

114

0

265

255

255

-15

176

163

176

16

360

331

337

-30

275

265

270

-5

1,524

1,486

1,510

-5

2,220

2,204

2,204

-6

121

108

121

11 10

151

136

148

480

470

479

4

2,189

2,146

2,165

-14

461

461

461

9

118

118

118

2

525

520

520

-5

298

293

293

-2

413

392

399

-16

303

297

300

5

131

123

127

5

112

108

111

3

146

144

146

4 -4

75

70

72

870

857

869

-5

361

342

361

25

228

223

223

1

109

107

107

-4

123

114

122

10

246

235

242

-9

119

119

119

2

115

108

115

5

144

135

142

7

303

296

300

0

291

286

286

-4

173

169

173

7

290

285

285

5

569

550

550

-11

112

100

112

10

142

142

142

2

245

236

240

-3

280

255

255

-27

112

108

112

6

102

92

102

9

509

501

503

-6

197

191

197

4

319

313

314

2

2,401

2,400

2,400

-50

176

176

176

3

465

447

452

-9

351

339

351

11

178

166

178

15

458

440

455

0

192

189

192

6

520

500

500

-30 -10

2,105

2,075

2,075

1,280

1,280

1,280

5

665

635

638

-8

7349

92651

11.3

0.1

350

334

334

-10

440

430

430

-9

202

198

202

6

175

175

175

-2

80

79

79

-1

989

965

965

-5

800

780

792

1

630

630

630

10

1,160

1,125

1,159

14

700

691

691

1

3,745

3,700

3,700

15

1,800

1,750

1,800

25

400

390

393

-8

230

218

224

10

678

672

675

-1

799

799

799

15

277

262

277

20

365

354

361

-4

268

258

268

15

482

472

477

-3

107

99

107

9

536

520

530

4

250

246

247

-8

140

130

140

12

156

150

156

3

140

140

140

2

845

810

845

5

512

504

506

-10

1,070

1,051

1,053

-17

575

565

570

-15

1,970

1,950

1,952

-2

268

260

262

4

350

337

338

-17 28

401

380

401

1,174

1,171

1,171

-2

990

960

960

-20

465

440

465

25

4697

12.5

12.5

-0.2

395

388

388

-7

1,040

1,000

1,002

-58

428

413

423

3

135

130

135

7

1,000

974

1,000

45

441

430

438

-3

158

146

158

14

113

101

113

10

84

83

84

0

300

294

294

-6

171

159

170

14

173

158

170

12

192

189

189

-6

116

112

116

6

126

120

125

7 -16

216

204

204

346

340

345

5

122

122

122

-2

141

131

141

12

148

140

140

1

200,016,541 632,227 2,285


!@

lh=k|=sf=b=g+= !$@–)%!÷%@, d=If]=x'=lg=b=g+= )%&÷%*

@)&) df3 !$, d+unaf/ | Tuesday, 28 January, 2014

em/gf elG5g\

clego hlt ;lhnf] 5}g lgdf{0f

sf7df8f} . lgdf{qL tyf cleg]qL ´/gf yfkf s]xL ;dootf u'dgfd h:t} l5g\ . g pgsf] clegosf]

s'g} rnlrq ;fj{hlgs ePsf] 5 g t pgn] s'g} rnlrqdf clego ul//x]sf] g}

;'lgPsf] 5 . s'g} Ps ;do k|bz{gdf cfpg] ;a} rnlrqdf gflosf em/gf g} 5fpFlyg\ . clxn] lsg pgL r'krfk l5g\ t < …d tLg dlxgf nfdf] o'/f]k 6'/af6 ut dlxgf dfq kmls{PsL x'F,Ú em/gfn] elgg\, ‘o'/f]k 6'/df /xFbf rnlrqsf] ckm/ cfPsf] lyof] t/ gEofP gu/]sL x'F .Ú cfkm"n] lgdf{0f u/]sf] kl5Nnf] rnlrq …km];a'sÚ lnP/ o'/f]k 6'/ hfg] sfo{qmd /x]sfn] rnlrq v]Ng gEofPsf] pgn] atfOg\ . g]kfndf rnlrq …km];a'sn]Ú /fd|f] Joj;fo gu/]kl5 o'/f]k xflgPsL em/gf emG8} tLg dlxgfkl5 kms{]sL x'g\ . kmls{gf;fy} pgsf] Jo:ttf a9]sf] 5 . s]xL lbgcl3 /fhwfgLsf] afuahf/l:yt Ps Ao'6L kfn{/ pb\3f6gdf ;xefuL ePsL em/gf g t s'g} ;fj{hlgs sfo{qmddf ;xefuL x'lG5g\ g s'g} 5fof+sg :yndf e]l6lG5g\ . cflv/ s] ub{} l5g\ t em/gf < cr]n 3/d} a;]/ cfkm\gf] Aofg/df lgdf{0f x'g] 5}6f}“ rnlrqsf] l:qmK6 n]Vb}5' . em/gfn] 6]lnkmf]g s'/fsfgLdf elgg\,

‘rnlrqsf] l:qmK6 k"/} cfkm"n] n]Vg nfu]sLn] aflx/ guPsL x'F .’ o'/f]k 6'/ cfkm\gf nflu lgs} kmnbfoL ePsf] / …km];a'sÚ a|;]N;, O6nL, l:j6\h/NofG8 nufotdf k|bz{g u/]/ nufgL ;'/lIft ug{ ;kmn ePsf] pgL atfpFl5g\ . o'/f]k 6'/s} qmddf cfkm\gf] rnlrqsf] l:qmK6 cfkm}F n]Vg] ;f]rfO cfPsf] pgn] atfOg\ . o'/f]k 6'/df e]l6Psf g]kfnLn] cfkm"nfO{ /fd|f] /]:kf]G; u/]sf] / n]vgsf] k|]/0ff klg ofqfs} qmddf ldn]sf] em/gf atfpFl5g\ . pgn] elgg\, ‘dnfO{ ljb]zdf /x]sf g]kfnLn] l:qmK6 n]Vg xf};nf lbP .’ ofqfsf qmddf pgn] snfsf/nfO{ ljb]zdf /x]sf g]kfnLn] w]/} dfof ug{] u/]sf] s'/f yfxf kfOg\ /] . em/gf cfkm"n] l:qmK6 n]Vb} u/]sf] rnlrq tLg dlxgfleq 5fof+sgdf nfg] ;f]rfOdf l5g\ . ClÈ nfld5fg]sf] rnlrq …bDktLÚ df cfkm\gf] clego k"/f x'gf;fy sfd ;'? ug]{ pgsf] egfO 5 . elG5g\, ‘bDktLsf] 5fof+sg ;sfpF5', clego ug{ dGh'/L lbPkl5 wf]sf lbg'ePg . rnlrq lgdf{0fsf] ;kmntf;Fu} clegodf l5/]sL em/gf gDa/ jfg cleg]qL x'g\ .

pgnfO{ g clego sl7g ljifo xf] gt lgdf{0f . nuftf/ c¿s} rnlrqdf clego u/]sL pgnfO{ clxn] rnlrq lgdf{0f cln c;lhnf] eg] nfUg] u/]sf] 5 . c¿sf] rnlrqdf sfd ug'{ h:tf] cfkm\gf] agfpg ;lhnf] gx'g] pgsf] cg'ej 5 . kl5Nnf] ;do rnlrqdf ljleGg k|j[lQ -6«]G8_ lelqPsf 5g\ . tL 6«]G8n] pgnfO{ rnlrq agfpg ufx|f] ePsf] eg] xf]Og /] . lsgeg] kl5Nnf] ;do lelqPsf s'g} klg 6«]G8 kmnf] ug{] ;f]rfO pgsf] 5}g . d kl5Nnf] k6s rn]sf s'g} klg 6«]G8 cfkm\gf] rnlrqdf ;d]6\lbgF . pgn] elgg\, ‘h'g;'s} 6«]G8 lelqP klg d k"0f{ sdl;{on rnlrq agfpF5' h;n] bz{snfO{ k"0f{ dgf]/~hg lbcf];\ / d]/f] klxn]sf] klxrfg klg arfO{ /fvf];\ .’ l:qmK6 n]Vb} u/]sL em/gfsf] lgb{]zg klg cfkm}F ug{] ;f]r t 5}g st} < k|Zg /fVg gkfpFb} elgg\, ‘clxn] To:tf] s]xL ;f]r]sf] 5}g, kl5sf] s'/} kl5 g} u/f}Fnf .’ cfkm"n] lgdf{0f ug{] rnlrqdf d'Vo e"ldsf klg cfkm\g} x'g] ;f]rfO eg] pgdf 5 . t/ lg0f{osf] lhDdf lgb{]zsnfO{ g} lbg] /] . pgn] elgg\ ‘d ;'xfpg] eP d} x'G5', geP csf]{ .’ lgb{]zsnfO{ k"0f{ :jtGqtf lbg] pgsf] ;f]rfO 5 .

g]kfnL cleg]tfsf] lxGbL PNad sf7df8f}+ . s]xL jÈ{b]lv ci6«]lnofdf a:b} cfPsf cleg]tf z+s/ nfld5g]n] uLlt PNad ‘ofb]’ NofPsf 5g\ . rlr{t ef/tLo ufos–uflosfsf] cfjfhdf tof/ kfl/Psf] pgsf] PNadsf ;a} uLt lxGbL efiffdf 5g\ . PNadsf uLt s]xL dlxgfcl3 ufos s}nfz v]/sf] :6'l8of]df /]sl8{ª ul/Psf] xf] . PNaddf zfg, hfj]b cln, dxfnIdL, cdg l;Gxf, cfjf; hf]zLsf cfjfh 5g\ . cleg]tf nfld5fg]s} zAb / ;+uLt /x]sf] PNaddf ;ftj6f uLt ;dfj]z 5g\ . …ofb]Ú af]nsf] Ps uLtsf] Do"lhs lel8of] klg tof/ ePsf] 5 . ef/td} lgdf{0f ul/Psf] pQm PNad ef/tLo ;+rf/dfWoddf rrf{df /x]sf] ufos nfld5fg]n] atfP .

ef/tsf] d'DaO{df ut z'qmaf/ cfof]lht %( cf}F cfOl8of lkmNdkm]o/ cjf8{ ;df/f]xdf ;xefuL x'g] qmddf cfkm\gf] ;jf/L ;fwgaf6 cf]n{b} alnp8 cleg]qL lk|o+sf rf]k8f . cjf8{df alnp8sf clwsf+z ;]nLa|]6Lsf] ;xeflutf lyof] . –tl:a/ M Ph]G;L

ne:6f]/Ldf h]lgzf / o;s'df/ sf7df8f} . rnlrq …cfwL af6f]Ú ;jL/ >]i7sf] lgb]{zg ag]sf] xf] . ;f+uLlts ne:6f]/L atfOPsf] o; rnlrqsf] …dfofsf] 8f]nL r9fOÚ af]nsf] Ps uLt ;fj{hlgs ePsf] 5 . uLtdf cleg]tf ozs'df/ / cleg]qL h]lgzf s];Ln] lxp“df clego u/]sf] b]Vg kfOG5 . o; uLtdf rnlrq …af6f]d'lgsf] km"nÚ af6 clegodf b]lvPsf ufos P; s'df/;Fu} kljqf kl/of/sf] klg :j/ /x]sf] 5 . cfpFbf] gof“ jÈ{nfO{ nlÔt u/L k|bz{g ug]{ tof/Ldf /x]sf] rnlrqsf] 5fof+sg nG8gsf ljleGg zx/df ul/Psf] lgdf{0f kIfn] hfgsf/L u/fPsf] 5 . rnlrqdf ;'/]z clwsf/L / o; s'df/sf] ;+uLt 5 eg] g[To slj/fh uxt/fh, åGå /f]zg >]i7 / 5fof+sg gj/fh s[i0f yfkfsf] 5 . ;jL/n] o;cl3 ‘xfdL tLg efO’, ‘e/f];f’, ‘xfl;b]pm Ps km]/’ nufotsf rnlrq lgdf{0f u/]sf 5g\ . /fpn k|f]8S;gsf] Aofg/df lgld{t …cfwL af6f]Ú rnlrqdf P; s'df/ / h]lgzfsf cnjf ;ljg >]i7, cg' zfx, lw/]g zfSo, ?aL /f0ff nufotsf] clego 5 .

;f]kmL ca nG8g afa'df d'DaO{ . kl5Nnf] ;do alnp8 rnlrqdf cfO6dn] ulx/f] h/f] uf8]sf] 5 . sl/a cfwf bh{g rnlrq clego ubf{ klg gkfPsf] rrf{ cleg]qLn] cfO6daf6 kfpg] u/]sf 5g\ . cfO6ddf b]lvg] cleg]qLsf] :jb]zLdfq xf]Og ljb]zL rnlrqdf klg dfu x'g] u/]sf] 5 . o:t} alnp8 rnlrqdf cfO6d g[Todfkm{t w]/}nfO{ nf]Eofpg ;kmn ;f]kmL rf}w/Lsf cfO6d ca blIf0f ef/tLo rnlrqdf klg /xg] ePsf] 5 . s]xLcl3 k|bz{gdf cfPsf] rnlrq …z'6cfp6 P6 a8fnfÚ df ;f]lkmn] …cfnf /] cfnfÚ af]nsf] uLtdf cfO6d g[To u/]sL lyOg\ . o;af6 bz{snfO{ cfkm"tkm{ nf]Eofpg ;kmn oL cleg]qL blIf0f ef/tLo rnlrqdfkm{t

bz{snfO{ Tolts} v';L lbg] k|of;df l5g\ . ;f]kmLsf] dx]z afa' / s[lt ;}ggsf] d'Vo e"ldsf /xg] t]nu' rnlrqdf lgs} cfs{ifs cfO6d /xg] 5 . …nG8g afa'Ú af]nsf] uLt klg cfs{ifs 5 . …dnfO{ clxn] lgs} v';L nfu]sf] 5,’ ;f]kmLn] elgg\, …t]nu' rnlrqdf sfd ug{ kfPsL 5', o;df sfd ug{ kfpg' d]/f nflu uf}/jsf] s'/f] xf] .’ o; rnlrqsf] cfO6d uLtsf nflu ;f]kmLn] cfkm\gf] n'S; klg lgs} cfs{ifs agfPsL 5g\ . pgsf] gofF n'S; / km];gsf] lhDd]jf/L klg rlr{t l8hfOg/ gLtf n'Nnn] lnPsL 5g\ . of] uLtsf] cfO6dnfO{ clxn];Dds} /fd|f] agfpg] sf]l;;df rnlrq o'lg6 nfu]sf] 5 . -Ph]G;L _

s+ugf km]l/ x// rnlrqdf d'DaO{ . alnp8 cleg]qL s+ugf /0ffjt h'g rnlrq clegodf b]lvlG5g\, To;df bz{ssf] cnUu} Wofg /xg] u/]sf] 5 . clegosf dfWodn] ;a}sf] dg lhTg ;kmn eP/ xf]nf s+ugfsf] rnlrq bz{ssf] kvf{Odf klg kg]{ u/]sf] 5 . clegodf e] / fO6L lbg ;kmn cleg] q L s+ u gf Psk6s km] l / ‘x//’ rnlrqdf b] l vg] ePsL 5g\ . o;cl3 x// rnlrq ‘/fh @’ df lgs} cfsif{ s tl/sfn] b] l vPsL s+ u gf gof“ u] 6 ckdf km] l / csf{ ] x// rnlrqdf b] l vg nfu] s L x' g \ . lgb{ ] z s e' i f0f k6] n n] agfpg tof/L u/] s f] gofF rnlrqdf s+ u gf d' V o e" l dsfdf /xg] ePsL 5g\ . x'g t e'if0f clxn] Pstf sk'/sf] gof“ rnlrq ‘/fuLlg PdPdP; @’ sf] lgb{]zgdf Jo:t 5g\ . cfkm"n] agfpg] tof/L u/]sf] cfufdL rnlrqdf s+ugf d'Vo e"ldsfdf /xg] pgn] v'nfPsf 5g\ . ‘d]/f] cfufdL rnlrqsf] e"ldsf s+ugfnfO{ clt ;'xfpF5’, e'if0fn] eg], ‘of] rnlrqsf nflu s+ugf g} lx/f]Og lnG5' .’ rnlrqsf] ljifodf s+ugf;Fu s'/f eO/x]sf] e'if0fn]] v'nfP . e'if0fn] x// ljifodf o;cufl8 agfPsf] rnlrq ‘Plan !(@)’ lx6 ePsf] lyof] . clxn] lgb{]zg ul//x]sf] ‘/fuLlg PdPdP; @’ sf] klg rrf{ a]Un} 5 . clxn] x'g] u/]sf] o;sf] rrf{n] of] klg lx6 x'g] cg'dfg ug{ ;lsG5 . ‘/fuLlg PdPdP; @’ jif{ @)!! df k|blz{t rnlrq ‘/fuLlg PdPdP;’ s} l;Sj]n xf] . ‘/fuLlg PdPdP; @’ df ;GgL lnof]gsf] d'Vo e"ldsf /x]sf] 5 .

ODk|];g klAns];g P08 ldl8of k|f= ln= åf/f k|sflzt, d'b|0f M PS;k|]; sn/ k|];, a'4gu/, sfof{no M dWojfg]Zj/, sf7df8f}+, kmf]g M $$&*!&&, km\ofS; M $$*)%%$, kf]=a=g+= !!^&@,

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sfo{sf/L lgb{]zs M pHHjn zdf{, ;Dkfbs M uf]ljGb n'OF6]n


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