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HIMALAYA TIMES

| Thursday, 24 April, 2014 | k[i7 *±$

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cfo'j]{b lrlsT;fno, g/b]jL $@%)!*@ sf7df8f}+ df]8n xl:k6n $@$)*)% sflGtafn c:ktfn $$@&$%@ cu|jfn ;]jf s]Gb| $$@$*&% 6]s' c:ktfn $@%##(^ g]kfn cfFvf a}+s $$(#^*$ g]kfn cfFvf c:ktfn $@%)^(! kf6g c:ktfn %%@@@&* k|;'tLu[x $@%#@&^ eQmk'/ c:Ktfn ^^!)^&^ dfgl;s c:ktfn %%@!### jL/]Gb| k|x/L c:ktfn $$!@$#) x[bo/f]u s]Gb| #&!#@@ xf]ldof]Koflys lrlsT;fno %%@@)(@ ag]kf c:ktfn ^^^!!!! ldt]/L c:ktfn $@%#@&^ /Qm;~rf/ s]Gb| $@@%#$$ g];gn 8]G6n xl:k6n $$#^#!! lqljlj lzIf0f c:ktfn $$!@&)& /]o'sfO{ cfFvf c:ktfn, ag]kf )!!– ^^!%*) sf7df8f}+ d]l8sn sn]h k|f=ln= $$&^!%@ d]l8s]o/ g]zgn xl:k6n $$^&)^& g]kfn d]l8sn sn]h $(!!))* sflGtk'/ 8]G6n xl:k6n dxf/fhu+h$#&!^)# jL/ c:ktfn $@@!(** P=Pg=kL=;L=;fd'bflos c:ktfn ^@))&** aL P08 aL c:ktfn %%##@)^

/]8qm; PDa'n]G; ;]jf sf7df8f}+ dWok'/ l7dL gu/kflnsf bdsn ;]jf sf7df8f}+, nlntk'/, eQmk'/ g]kfn r]Da/ PDa'n]G; k/f]ksf/ PDa'n]G; ljzfn ahf/ PDa'n]G; -lgz'Ns_ h]l;; PDa'n]G; hg:jf:Yo PDa'n]G; kz'klt cfo{3f6 ;]jf s]Gb| dfOlt g]kfn PDa'n]G; Go"8 l5 g]kfn Pda'n]G; ;]jf nflhDkf6 Sna PDa'n]G; nlntk'/ /]8qm; PDa'n]G; ;]jf

6fOD; ;+jfbbftf sf7df8f}+, j}zfv !) . g]kfn /fli6«o k':ts laqm]tf tyf k|sfzs ;+3n] s'df/ gu/sf]6Låf/f lnlvt …kmf]l;nÚ gfds cfVofg ljwfsf] s[ltnfO{ …jif{ k':ts–@)!#Ú k'/:sf/ k|bfg u/]sf] 5 . ljZj k':ts tyf k|ltlnlk clwsf/ lbj;sf] cj;/df a'waf/ /fhwfgLdf cfof]lht Ps sfo{qmddf jl/i7 ;flxTosf/ k|f=8f= cle ;'j]bLn] n]vs gu/sf]6LnfO{ pQm k'/:sf/ k|bfg u/] . k'/:sf/sf] /flz @% xhf/ /x]sf] 5 . To;}u/L k':ts k|sfzg

$@@*)($ ^^^#!)) !)! $@#)@!# $@^)*%( $@$$!@! ^^!!!!! $@&*^!@ $(@((( $($*!^ ^^#!^%* $$#%&@! %%$%^^^

zjafxg g]kfn r]Da/ zjafxg ;To;fO{ s]Gb| lgz'Ns zjafxg

of}ghGo lx+;fsf] lzsf/ ePsf] klg k|ltj]bgdf pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 . >ldsx¿ ;dodf tna glbg], lbP klg cToGt Go"g lbg], /fxbfgL sAhfdf lng] h:tf Jofks / k|0ffnLut ;d:ofdf /x]sf] klg k|ltj]bgdf pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 . k|ltj]bg ;fj{hlgs ub}{ PDg]i6L OG6/g]zgn g]kfnsf cWoIf zDe' 7fs'/n] Hof2tLsf 36gfdf ph'/L lbP klg sf/afxL ePsf] gkfOPsf] pNn]v u/] . k|ltj]bgdf blIf0f tyf blIf0f k"jL{ Pl;ofsf nfvf}+ >lds zf]if0fdf k/]sf] pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 . nfvf}+ >lds zf]if0fdf k/] klg

o:tf 36gf Go"gLs/0f ug{ stf/ ;/sf/ ljkmn ePsf] klg PDg]i6Ln] k|ltj]bgdf pNn]v u/]sf] 5 . stf/df nfvf}+ g]kfnL sfo{/t 5g\ . vf;u/L ;g\ @)@@ df stf/df x'g] ljZjsk km'6ansf nflu ef}lts k"jf{wf/ lgdf{0fdf 7"nf] hgzlQm cfjZos 5 . s]xL dlxgfcl3 a]nfotaf6 k|sflzt lb ufl8{og klqsfn] klg stf/df cfk|jf;L sfdbf/sf] si6k"0f{ cj:yfaf/] l/kf]6{ k|sflzt u/]sf] lyof] . stf/sf nflu tTsfnLg g]kfnL /fhb"t dfofs'df/L zdf{n] ljb]zL sfdbf/sf nflu stf/

wDSofP/ k};f c;'Ng] ;dfltP

:yfgLo lgjf{rgn] ;+3Lotfdf km/s gkg]{ ;Kt/L, j}zfv !) -6f;_ . g]kfnL sf+u];| sf s]Gb|Lo ;b:o ch{'gg/l;+x s];Ln] :yfgLo lgsfosf] lgjf{rgn] ;+3Lo ;+/rgf lgdf{0fdf afwf gk'¥ofpg] atfPsf 5g\ . /fhlj/fhdf ;'? ePsf] g]sf ;u/dfyf c~rn:t/Lo k|lzIfs k|lzIf0f sfo{qmddf ;xefuL x'g ;Kt/L k'u]sf g]tf s];Ln] a'waf/ ;~rf/sdL{;Fu s'/f ub{} dw];jfbL bnx¿n] eg] h:tf] :yfgLo lgsfosf] lgjf{rgn] ;+3Lo ;+/rgf lgdf{0fdf s'g} ;d:of gx'g] bfaL u/] .

c;Gt'i6===

k'g/fj]bg cbfntsf GofofwLznfO{ ;dodf Gofokl/ifb\n] l;kmfl/; gu/L ;jf]{Rr cbfntdf ;]jf ug]{ df}sfaf6 al~rt ul/Psf] P;f]l;P;gn] cf/f]k nufPsf] 5 . ;'g'jfOdf ph'/L cfÅjfg d+unaf/ Gofokl/ifb\n] l;kmfl/; u/]sf GofofwLzx¿sf] ph'/Lsf] ;do oxL j}zfv @) ut];Ddsf nflu tf]lsPsf] 5 . ;+;bLo ;'g'jfO ljz]if ;ldltn] Ps ;"rgf hf/L u/L Gofokl/ifb\n] l;kmfl/; u/]sfx¿sf] gfddf s'g} ph'/L eP oxL j}zfv @) ut];Dd lnlvt ¿kdf hfgsf/L u/fpg cfÅjfg u/]sf] 5 . l;kmfl/;df k/]sf GofofwLzx¿nfO{ cof]Uo eP pko'Qm sf/0f;lxt ph'/L

pgn] t/fO{, lxdfn / kxf8sf] e"uf]n sfod} /x]sfn] :yfgLo lgsfosf] lgjf{rgn] ;+3Lo ;+/rgf lgdf{0fdf ;d:of gx'g] atfP . :yfgLo lgsfosf] lgjf{rg / ;+3Lotfsf] ljifodf ljjfb p7fpg' unt ePsf] lhls/ ub}{ g]tf s];Ln] gofF ;+ljwfg hf/L eP/ ;+3Lotf sfof{Gjog ePkl5 d'n's ;+rfngsf nflu lgjf{rg x'g'kg{] atfP . :yfgLo lgsfosf] lgjf{rg gePsf sf/0f ljsf; lgdf{0fdf Jofks clgoldttf ePsf] pgsf] egfO 5 . lbg klg ;+;bLo ljz]if ;ldltn] cfÅjfg u/]sf] 5 . ;+;bLo ljz]if ;ldltn] l;kmfl/; u/]kl5 GofofwLzx¿sf] lgo'lQm x'G5 . ;+;bLo ljz]if ;ldltsf ;a} ;b:on] l;kmfl/;df k/]sfsf] gfd cof]Uo ePsf] 7x/ u/]df dfq lgo'lQm k|lqmof /f]lsg]5 .

…kf6L{nfO{===’

To;}u/L 7fs'/ u}/], /fds'df/L emfFqmL, huGgfy vltj8f, a]b'/fd e';fn, 8f a+lzw/ ld>, ul/df zfx, sdnf ;'j]bL, pjf{bQ kGt / hLjg/fd >]i7nufosf o'jf g]tf ;xefuL lyP . sfo{qmddf tLg k[i7 nfdf] b:tfj]h;d]t ;fj{hlgs ul/Psf] lyof] . jl/i7 g]tf g]kfnn] ;fj{hlgs ¿kdf

v'nf h]n eGg] cleJolQm lbPkl5 pgL ljjfbdf tflgPsL lyOg\ . ljjfbdf tflgPkl5 ;/sf/n] pgnfO{ lkmtf{ af]nfpg] lg0f{o u/] klg pgn] /fhLgfdf lbg gdfg]kl5 ;/sf/n] avf{:t u/]sf] lyof] . o;cl3 PDg]i6L OG6/g]zgn] ;g\ @)!# gf]e]Da/df stf/df lgdf{0f If]qdf sfo{/t >ldsx¿sf] cj:yfsf af/]df k|ltj]bg ;fj{hlgs u/]sf] lyof] . k|ltj]bg ;fj{hlgs u/]kl5 PDg]i6L OG6/g]zgnsf g]kfn lgb]{zs /fd]Zj/ g]kfnn] k|ltj]bgn] stf/ ;/sf/nfO{ ;'wf/sf nflu ;sf/fTds bafa l;h{gf ug]{ ck]Iff u/]sf] atfP .

gjnk/f;L, j}zfv !) . cfkm"nfO{ dfcf]jfbLsf] s]Gb|Lo ;b:o tyf gjnk/f;L ;+of]hs atfpFb} nfvf}F ?k}o+ f c;'Ng] Ps hgfnfO{ sfjf;f]tL k|x/Ln] kqmfp u/L lx/f;tdf /fv]sf] 5 . gjnk/f;Lsdf] d'sG' b/k'/ 3/ ePsf /f]zg elgg] e]if/fh v/fnnfO{ sfjf;f]tL ahf/af6} kqmfp ul/Psf] Onfsf k|x/L sfof{no sfjf;f]tLsf k|x/L lg/LIfs df]xg clwsf/Ln] hfgsf/L lbP . ;ft dlxgf cl3 lxdfnog a}s + sfjf;f]tL zfvf n'6g\ vf]hs ] f] eGb} pm lj?4 k|x/Ldf ph'/L k/]sf] lyof] . pgn] 3/hUuf Joj;foL, xf]6n / ljBfnox?nfO{ wDSofP/ s/f]8f}F /sd c;'n u/]sf] eGb} ph'/L k/]sf] 5 . pgnfO{ kqmfp ul/Pkl5 klg ph'/L cfpg] qmd hf/L /x]sf] k|x/L lgl/Ifs clwsf/Ln] atfP . pgnfO{ k|x/Ln] 7uL d'2f bfo/ sf/jfxL k|lqmof cufl8 a9fPsf] 5 . -/f;;_

pDd]bjf/L 3f]if0ff u/] klg g]tf s]kL cf]nLn] cfkm" lgs6sfnfO{ af]Ng nufO/x]sf 5g\ . cWoIf emngfy vgfnn] r'gfjdfkm{t k'gM cWoIf gaGg] atfPkl5 g]kfn / cf]nL kIfaLr /:;fs;L ;'? ePsf] xf] . pkfWoIf afdb]j uf}tdsf] ;xof]udf ;+;bLo bndf cWoIfnfO{ k/flht ub}{ cf]nL lgjf{lrt ePkl5 kf6L{leq pgsf] pkl:ylt alnof] ePsf] ljZn]if0f ul/G5 . uf}td g]t[Œj x:tfGt/0fnfO{ d'Vo d'2f agfP/ cf]nLglhs pleP klg ;}4flGts lx;fan] pgL g]kfnglhs 5g\ . d+unaf/ dbge08f/L kmfp08];gn] u/]sf] sfo{qmdd} pkfWoIf uf}tdn] ;f]xL l;4fGtnfO{ k|i6\ofpFb} eg]sf lyP, …kz'kltsf] e§n] ;d]t tna

a'lem;s]sf] cj:yfdf g]kfnL ;dfh k'FhLjfbtkm{ pGd'v ePsf] 5}g eGg ;lsGg .Ú t/, g]t[Œj rogsf] ljifodf eg] o;cl3 dfwj g]kfnn] cj;/ kfO;s]sfn] cf]nL g} efjL cWoIf x'g'kg]{ uf}tdsf] dt 5 . b'O{ kIfaLr g]kfnL ;dfhsf] jt{dfg cj:yf, k|wfg cGt/lj/f]w, kf6L{sf] efjL :j¿kaf/] cfkm\gf] km/s–km/s w/0ff ;fj{lgs ub}{ cfPsf 5g\ . g]kfn kIfLo g]tfx¿ b]zdf cw{ cf}klgj]lzs, cw{ ;fdGtL cj:yfdf g/x]sf] / k'FhLjfbL /fhgLlts qmflGt cfwf/e"t¿kdf k"/f eO;s]sf] dt /fV5g\ . t/, cf]nLlgs6 g]tfx¿ g]kfnL ;dfh cem} klg cw{;fdGtL / cw{cf}klgj]l;s cj:yfdf /x]sf] / /fhgLlts qmflGt k"/f eOg;s]sf] dt /fV5g\ .

kmf]l;nnfO{ …jif{ k':ts @)!#Ú k'/:sf/ ug]{ klAns];g g]kfnonfO{ klg k|z+;fkq k|bfg ul/Psf] 5 . k'/:s[t gu/sf]6Ln] k'/:sf/n] n]vsx¿df pT;fx a9fpg] ePsfn] of] rngnfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbOg'kg]{ atfP . g]kfnosf cWoIf ls/0f >]i7n] n]vs / k|sfzsnfO{ Ps} ynf]df k'/:s[t ug]{ kl/kf6Lsf] ;'?jft x'g' k|]/0ffbfoL ePsf] atfP . ;+3df cfj4 ;b:o k|sfzg u[xdfkm{t g]kfnd} k|sfzg ePsf k':ts tyf ltgsf n]vsnfO{ x/]s jif{ of] k'/:sf/ k|bfg ug]{ ul/G5 .

dxTjk"0f{ 6]lnkmf]g gDa/ c:ktfn

6fOD; ;+jfbbftf sf7df8f}+, j}zfv !) . PDg]i6L OG6/g]zgnn] vf8L d'n's stf/df cfk|jf;L >ldsn] r/d zf]if0f Joxf]l/x]sf] tYo ;fj{hlgs u/]sf] 5 . ljZjJofkL ¿kdf a'waf/ ;fj{hlgs ul/Psf] k|ltj]bgdf PDg]i6L OG6/g]zgn] nfvf}+ cfk|jf;L sfdbf/dfly r/d zf]if0f eO/x]sf] pNn]v u/]sf] 5 . vf;u/L lgdf{0f If]q / 3/]n' sfdbf/ a9L zf]if0fdf k/]sf] klg PDg]i6Lsf] k|ltj]bgdf pNn]v 5 . 3/]n' >ldssf sfo{/t dlxnfx¿ ¿kdf

$@#)@!# $$(*)#%

l;Gw'nLu9L oftfoft

‘z'eofqf z'e lbg ;]jf u5f}+ /ft lbg' l;Gw'nLu9L oftfoft ;]jf ;ldlt b}lgs ofqfsf nflu xfdLnfO{ ;Demg'xf];\ lhk 5'6\g] ;do sf7df8f}+, sf]6]Zj/ laxfg ^ ah] laxfg *M#) ah] lbpF;f] !! ah] ;Dks{ M gj/fh sfsL{ (*$()&$))*, (*$$)()!#!

3gf /fhwfgL M /fhwfgL sf7df8f}s + f] n}grp/ If]qaf6 b]lvPsf] 3gf ;x/L If]q . /fhwfgLdf gofF 3/ aGg] qmd al9/x]sf] 5 .

6fOD; t:aL/

oftfoft tflnsf dxfsfnL oftfoft

dsfn' a; ;]jf ;]jf l/he]{;g tyf cGo / $@&&%%@ sfs8le§f laxfg eb|k'/ laxfg dw'dNnf laxfg la/f6gu/-!_ /fhlj/fh w/fg l;/xf la/f6gu/-@_ dn+ujf la/f6gu/-#_ sn}of-!_ hgsk'/ uf}/ kf]v/f -ldgL lel8of]_ aL/u+h-!_ a/xyjf jL/u+h-@_ e/tk'/-!_ sn}of-@_ jL/u+h-#_ e/tk'/-@_ jL/u+h-$_ kfj{tLk'/ 8fF8L k;f{ hubk'/ vfn]l;dn e]uf}nL sfjf;f]tL w/fg -/flq_ jL/u+h -/flq_

hfgsf/Lsf nflu $@*!(&@ %M)) ah] %M!) ah] %M@) ah] laxfg %M$% ah] laxfg ^M)) ah] laxfg ^M)% ah] laxfg ^M!% ah] laxfg ^M@% ah] laxfg ^M#% ah] laxfg ^M$% ah] laxfg &M)% ah] laxfg &M@) ah] laxfg &M$) ah] laxfg *M)) ah] laxfg *M)) ah] laxfg *M#) ah] laxfg (M))ah] laxfg (M#) ah] laxfg !)M!%ah] laxfg !!M)) ah] laxfg !!M$% ah] lbpF;f] !@M$% ah] lbpF;f] !@M#) ah] lbpF;f] !M)) ah] lbpF;f] !M#) ah] lbpF;f] !M$% ah] lbpF;f] !M%% ah] lbpF;f] @M@) ah] ;fFem %M)) ah] a]n'sf *M!%ah]

sf7df8f}+ dx]Gb|gu/ laxfg %M) sf7df8f}+–bfª laxfg ^M)) ah] -klxnf]_ laxfg ^M#) ah] -bf];|f]_

;+o'Qm dfOqmf] ;~rfng ;ldlt bfª M sf7df8f}+ a'lsª OGrfh{ ;'zLn -of]uL_ (*$!%(%))& ;Gtf]if >]i7 – (*$!^#^*&! cg'k zfx – (*$!($@%#@# ;'Gwf/f, sf7df8f}+ . ;fy}, l/he{sf] nflu klg ;Dks{ ug'{xf]nf . 5'6\g] ;do M %M@)–(M))

;Dk"0f{ oftfoft ;Dk"0f{ oftfoft Joj;foL ;+3 l;d/fåf/f ;~rflnt 6f6f ;"df] leS6f jL/u~h, l;d/f, s'n]vfgL, sf7df8f}+ cf/fdbfoL Pj+ e/kbf{] ofqfsf nflu ;Dks{ M k|wfg sfof{no l;d/f )%#–%@!*!% zfvf sfof{no sf7df8f}+ (*$%!#)^)) zfvf sfof{no jL/u~h )%!–%@#%%(,(*$%)@!^*@ l;d/f sfpG6/ M (*%%)@$$)@

klZrd g]kfn dfOqmf] ;]jf 5'6\g] ;do laxfg a'6jn–e}/xjf–;'gf}nL M ;Dks{ M gofF a;kfs{ kfNkf &M!% ^M#),*M)),(M)) $#^#!@, $#^#*!# s[i0fgu/ *M!% !)M)), !!M)), !@M#) (*$!!##*()

Go" :jl:tsf l8nS; LCD sf]r lbjf tyf /fqL ;]jf sf7df8f}+–uf}/–sf7df8f}+ l/he]]{;g tyf cGo hfgsf/Lsf nflu sf7df8f}+M–$@%((!@, )!^–@!@)#) (*$!%!@!($ -cf]d_ sf7df8f}+, (*$%)$)@(! -ljho_ uf}/

x]nDa' oftfoft sf7df8f}+–d]nDrL d]nDrL–sf7df8f}+

laxfg %M#) ah] / lbpF;f] #M#) ah] laxfg %M$% ah] / lbpF;f] #M$% ah]

e]/L oftfoft Joj;foL ;+3 g]kfnu+h sf]l7of3f6 u'nl/of a'6an g]kfnu+h

laxfg %M)) ah] laxfg %M#) ah] laxfg ^M)) ah]

cUgL oftfoft a; ;]jf l/he]{;g tyf cGo hfgsf/Lsf nflu $#!)@#!,$$@^&*)#,$$@*%^##

lzv/fk'/ oftfoft

-a; 5'6\g] ;do laxfg M $M$% ah] b]lv *M!% ;Dd_

gf/fo0fL oftfoft

gf/fo0fL oftfoft Joj;foL ;+3åf/f ;+rflnt 6f6f ;'df] ;]jf sf7df8f}+af6 blIf0fsfnL, kmlk{ª, x]6f}8f x'Fb} jL/u~h;Dd lzv/fk'/ oftfoft k|f= ln= a; 5'6\g] ;do 6f6f ;'df] ;]jf laxfg ^ ah]b]lv ( ah];Dd x/]s cfwf÷3G6fdf 5'6\g] l/he{sf nflu ;Dkks{ M laxfg !) ah]b]lv a]n'sf $ ah];Dd x/]s Ps÷Ps 3G6fdf 5'6\g] )!$^&#@^), (*$!%&^(#) ;Dks{ M d'Vo sfof{no M x]6f}8f )%&–%@!^&) sf7df8f}+ blIf0fsfnL s'n]vfgL x'Fb} x]6f}8f zfvf sfof{no aNv' $^&)&$& lj/u~h sn}of rk'/ nfnaGbL;Dd zfvf sfof{no jL/u~h )%!–%@)^!$ df]= (*$!–$)@$%$, (*$!–%#*!^$, (*$!–$&(@(&

d]if M j[if M ldy'g M ss{6 M l;+x M sGof M t'nf M j[lZrs M wg' M ds/ M s'De M dLg M

j}b]lzs ofqfsf] of]u, sfo{ ;kmn xft k/]sf] sfd km'Tsg], c;xh kl/l:ylt sfo{ kmnbfoL, b}lgs cfodf j[l4 x'g] . ldqx¿n] wf]sf lbg], sfo{ ljnDa :jf:Yodf u8a9L, cfly{s ;+s6 k|]ddf afwf, cfTdljZjf;sf] sdL rf]6k6s nfUg], ofqfdf ;fjwfg lk|ohgsf] ;xof]u, Jofj;fodf pGglt Joj;fodf afwf, sfd lau|fg] ;lqmo cfTdljZjf; a9\g], ;DklQdf j[l4 e]63f6n] dg /dfpg], af}l4s k|ult dfg;Ddfg a9\g], 7"nfx¿ sfd aGg]

ef]lnsf] k~rf+u M >Lzfs] !(#^, lj=;+ @)&!, j}zfv !@ ut], z'qmaf/ @% tfl/v, clk|n @)!$, Knj+ugfd ;+jT;/], pQ0ffo0f] j;Gt Ctf}, j}zfv s[i0fkIf PsfbzL #)÷! ltly, ztleiff gIfq !&÷#, a|Åd of]u @^÷%^, ja s/0f, cfgGbflb of]udf ;f}Do of]u, rGb|df s'De /flzdf, lbgdfg #@÷##, ;"of]{bo %÷#@ ;"of{:t !*÷## .


d'n's

@)&! j}zfv !!, laxLaf/ | Thursday, 24 April, 2014

#

…gful/stfdf ;d:of 5}gÚ hnjfo' kl/jt{g cg's'ng

cGt/f{li6«o ;Dd]ng cfhb]lv

dlxnf, sfg'g / ljsf; d~råf/f a'waf/ /fhwfgLdf cfof]lht …g]kfndf gful/stf k|df0fkqsf] k|flKtÚ gfds k':ts nf]sfk{0f ub}{ pkk|wfgdGqL tyf u[xdGqL afdb]j uf}td . 6fOD; t:jL/ 6fOD; ;+jfbbftf sf7df8f}+, j}zfv !) . pkk|wfgdGqL tyf u[xdGqL afdb]j uf}tdn] gful/stfsf nflu of]Uo gful/snfO{ gful/stf lng÷lbg s'g} k|sf/sf] ;d:of gePsf] atfPsf 5g\ . dlxnf, sfg'g / ljsf; d~råf/f a'waf/ /fhwfgLdf cfof]lht …g]kfndf gful/stf k|df0fkqsf] k|flKtÚ gfds k':tssf] nf]sfk{0f ub}{ pgn] gful/stfsf ljifodf cgfjZos /fhgLlts ug{] / cGo v]tL ug{]x¿n] dfq gful/stf lng / lbg ;d:of ePsf] e|d lkmhfO/x]sf] atfP . pgn] hftLo / wfld{s

cfwf/df gful/stf lng / lbgdf lje]b gePsf] k|i6 kf/] . u[xdGqL uf}tdn] gful/stf ljt/0fdf ;/sf/n] ;do–;dodf /fli6«o cleofg ;~rfng ul//x]sf] rrf{ ub{}{ gful/stfsf] ljifonfO{ w]/} gprfNg / ljjfbdf gNofpg cfu|x u/] . pgn] g]kfnL gful/snfO{ hlGdg]lalQs} kl/rokq ljt/0f ug{ /fli6«o kl/rokq nfu" ug{] tof/Ldf ;/sf/ /x]sf] hfgsf/L lbP . gful/stfsf ljifodf b]zsf !@ lhNnfdf ul/Psf] 3/kl/jf/ ;j{]If0fnfO{ ;dflji6 u/L tof/ kfl/Psf] ;f] k':tsn]

gful/stfsf] k|df0fkq k|fKt ug{ c;dfgtf /x]sf] hgfPsf] 5 . sl/a @) xhf/ hgfnfO{ gful/stfsf ljifodf ;f] ;j{I] f0fdf ;dfj]z ul/Psf] lyof] . g]kfndf gful/stf k|fKt ug{ !^ ] f of]Uo x'g] eP klg ;j{I] f0fdf jif{ pd]/ k'us ;xefuLn] gful/stf lng ;xh gePsf] hgfPsf] k':tsdf ;dfj]z ul/Psf] 5 . dlxnf, sfg'g / ljsf; d~rsf cWoIf k|f= s';'d zfvM / sfo{sf/L lgb{]zs ;ljg >]i7n] gful/stf k|fKt ug{ cem} w]/} ;d:of / Jofjwfg v]Kg' kl//x]sf] af/]df k':tsdf rrf{ ul/Psf] hfgsf/L lbP .

6fOD; ;+jfbbftf sf7fd8f}+, j}zfv !) . g]kfnn] hnjfo' kl/jt{g;DaGwL ;+o'Qm /fi6«;+3Lo jftf{ k|lqmofdf cltsd ljsl;t d'n'sx¿sf] cWoIftf ul//x]sf] ;Gbe{df ;d'bfodf cfwfl/t hnjfo' kl/jt{g cg's'ng;DaGwL cf7f}+ cGt/f{li6«o ;Dd]ng laxLaf/b]lv j}zfv !& ut];Dd sf7df8f+df x'g] ePsf] 5 . a]nfotsf] jftfj/0f tyf ljsf;sf nflu cGt/f{li6«o ;+:yf -cfO{cfO{O{8L_, a+unfb]zsf] ;]G6/ km/ P8\efG; :6l8h -aL;LPP;_ / SnfOd]6 r]Gh g]6js{ -;L;LPgPg_

c~hnL /Dt]n sf7df8f}+, j}zfv !) . ;dfhdf dxŒjk"0f{ e"ldsf v]ln/x]sf t/ ;fj{hlgs klxrfg agfpg g;s]sf kfqnfO{ cufl8 Nofpgdf snfsf/ cho b];f/ Ps dlxg] lrqsnf k|bz{gLdf ;kmn ePsf 5g\ . pkTosf leqsf g]jf/ ;d'bfon] dgfpg] ljleGg hfqfdf k|of]u x'g] ;fdu|L x'g\ jf hfqfdf dgfpg] JolQm pgsf] lrqsnfsf] kfq ePsf 5g\ . g]jf/ ;d'bfosf s'g} klg hfqf bLk k|Hjng gu/L ;'? xF'b}g . Tof] bLknfO{ k|Hjng ug]{ JolQm klg cToGt dxŒjk"0f{ dflgG5 t/ hfqfsf] d'Vo cfsif{0fsf] s]Gb|laGb' v6 / k"hf x'g] ePsfn] tL JolQm ;w}+ a]jf:tfdf kg]{ u5{g\ . h:fsf sf/0f pgLx¿ slxNo} klg ;fj{hlgs ¿kdf lrlgg ;s]sf x'Fb}gg\ . o;k6s snfsf/ b];f/sf] d'Vo kfq ltg} JolQm ePsf 5g\ . tL JolQmn] bLk k|Hjng gu/L hfqf ;'? klg gx'g] / pgn] bLknfO{ lgefPkl5 dfq hfqf ;dfkg x'g] ePsfn] klg tL JolQm hfqfsf] gfos x'g\ . pgn] ltg} gfosnfO{ lnP/ agfPsf lrqsnfsf] lqk'/]Zj/l:yt An'a8{ dn d'8\; :6'l8of]df k|bz{gL ul/Psf] 5 . Ps dlxgf;Dd rNg]

;f] k|bz{gLdf snfsf/ b];f/sf t]n /+udf tof/ kfl/Psf !) j6f lrq 5g\ . g]kfndf cFWof/f]nfO{ s]Gb| agfP/ lrqsfl/tf ul/Psf snfs[lt Tolt kfOFb}gg\ t/ o; k|bz{gLdf b];f/n] ;fgf] cfuf]sf] lemNsf]n] b]vfkg]{ cfs[ltnfO{ ;d]t lgs} snfTds tl/sfn] Sofgef;df s}b u/]sf 5g\ . cFWof/f]df pHofnf] /+un] lrqnfO{ cem /f]df~rs agfOlbPsf] 5 . lrqsnfdf clnslt klZrdf z}nLsf] k|efj / g]kfnL k/Dk/f / z}nLsf] ld>0fn] lrqnfO{ ;hLjtf k|bfg u/]sf] 5 . lj=;+= @)#( df nlntk'/sf] rfkfufpFdf hlGdPsf b];f/n] lrqsnfsf] cf}krfl/s lzIff nlntsnf SofDk;df lnPsf x'g\ . ;fg}b]lv lrqsnfdf cToGt ?lr ePsf b];f/ ljBfno:t/b]lv g} e"–b[Zo -NofG8:s]k_ sf lrq sf]g]{ ub{y] . pgn] lrqsnfsf] vf;} ljsf; x'g g;s]sf] l:yltdf To;/L ufpFdf hfFbf w]/}k6s lk6fO;d]t vfPsf 5g\ . ljB't\ k|flws/0fsf] nfOgaf6 ufpFn]n] ljB't\ rf]/L u/]/ 3/df aQL afNg] u/]sf lyP . To;/L pgLx¿sf] 3/ ufpFd} uP/ lrq sf]bf{ st} Tof] lrq nu]/ k|flws/ 0fdf t lbg] xf]Og eGg] z+sfn]

ToxfFsf dflg;n] cfkm"nfO{ nv]6\g] / lk6\g] u/]sf] pgL :d/0f ub{5g\ . sl/a !$ jif{cl3 pgn] agfPsf] lrq dgk/fPsf Ps JolQmn] lrq lsGg cfkm";Fu k};f 5}g eg]kl5 pgn] Ps df]x/df ;d]t lrq a]lrlbP . To;kl5 cfkm"n] cem} of] If]qdf w]/} ug{ afFsL g} /x]5 eGg] dx;'; ePsf] pgn] atfP . lrqsnfd} Psf]xf]l/g yfn]kl5 pgn] cfkm\gf glhssf ;fyLsf] ;fy klg u'dfpg k'u] . pgL;Fu ;fyLx¿nfO{ lbg] ;do klg lyPg . sl/a kfFr jif{cl3 pgL a]nfotdf lrqsnf cWoogsf nflu uP . ToxfF pgsf] e]6 jl/i7 lrqsf/x¿;Fu x'g k'Uof] h:fsf sf/0f pgsf] Ifdtf cem} j[l4 eof] . ToxfF pgn] tLg jif{ latfpFbf a]nfotsf] /fli6«o snf k|bz{gLdf efu lng] cj;/;d]t kfP . o;sf ;fy} cGo rf/j6f Psn lrqsnf k|bz{gL;d]t ug{ EofP . To;af6 cfPsf] k};fn] pgn] g]kfnsf ljleGg ufpFdf snfsf] ljsf; ug{ vlr{P . xfn nlntk'/sf] ;f}unl:yt of]ª\ lksf;f] ;fd'bflos snf ljBfnodfkm{t\ afnaflnsfb]lv j[4;DdnfO{ cfkm"df ePsf] snf;DaGwL 1fg afF8\gdf Jo:t 5g\ . -/f;;_

6fOD; ;+jfbbftf sf7df8f}+, j}zfv !) . Pdfcf]jfbLsL s]Gb|Lo ;b:o lxl;nf odLn] kf6L{sf] cf;Gg /fli6«o ;Dd]ngn] kf6L{nfO{ yk dha't agfpFb} ;+ul7t agfP/ n}hfg] atfP . Pdfcf]jfbL sLlt{k'/– !( PsfO{åf/f a'waf/ cfof]lht j8f ;Dd]ngdf af]Nb} pgn] ;Dd]ngn] kf6L{nfO{ ;+ul7t eO{ cl3 a9\gsf nflu dfu{ lgb]{zg ug]{

sf7df8f}+, j}zfv !) -6f;_ . cfo'j]{b lzIf0f c:ktfn / cfo'j]{b lzIf0f SofDk; lqlj sLlt{k/' sf sd{rf/Lsf] cfGbf]ngsf sf/0f nfdf] ;dob]lv aGb /x]sf c:ktfn k|zf;g sd{rf/L;Fusf] ;xdlt;Fu} ;~rfngdf cfPsf] 5 . ljZjljBfnon] lqlj lzIf0f c:ktfn / cfo'j]{b lzIf0f c:ktfndf sfo{/t sd{rf/Lsf] ;]jf ;'ljwfdf lje]b u/]sf] eGb} sd{rf/Lx¿n] ut r}t @$ ut]b]lv c:ktfn k|zf;g aGb u/]sf lyP . c:ktfn k|zf;g nfdf] ;dob]lv aGb ePkl5 sd{rf/L / SofDk; k|zf;gaLr 5nkmn eO{ cfufdL cfly{s jif{sf] ;'?b]lv g} lqlj lzIf0f c:ktfndf lbg] ul/Psf] ;]jf ;'ljwf cfo'j]{b c:ktfnsf sd{rf/LnfO{ klg pknAw u/fpg] ;xdlt ePsfn] c:ktfn k|zf;gsf] tfnfaGbL v'nf ul/Psf] lqlj sd{rf/L ;+3 cfo'j]{b SofDk; PsfO{sf ;efklt s[i0f ef/tLn] atfP .

df]xDdb ;b?n rt/fwfd, j}zfv !) . ef}uf]lns / hg;+Vofsf] lx;fan] g]kfn ;fgf] d'n's eP klg wfld{s b[li6n] ljZjsf cGo 7"nf tyf zlQmzfnL /fi6«eGbf sd 5}g . ;+;f/sf] ;a}eGbf cUnf] r'r'/f] ;u/dfyf cjl:yt xfd|f] d'n'sdf lxdfn, kxf8 / t/fO{sf] ;+udn] o;sf] df}lnstf / ;'Gb/tfn] ljZj ;d'bfonfO{ cfslif{t ul//x]s} ;dodf ;'g;/Lsf] rt/fwfddf nfu]sf] bf];|f] dxfs'Den] d'n'ssf] 5ljnfO{ cem pRr kf/]sf] 5 . g]kfndf a;f]af; ug]{ g]kfnLn] wd{sd{df 7"nf] cf:yf tyf ?lr /fv]s} sf/0f tg, dg / wgnfO{ kljq kfg{ :jb]z tyf ljb]zdf uO{ k"hfcfr{gf ug]{ u/]sf 5g\ . 1fgsf] cefjdf :jb]zd} sltko nf]k eO/x]sf] wfld{s :ynnfO{ ;Gt, dxfTdf tyf ljåfg\n] vf]hL u/L ;fj{hlgs ul//x]sf] cj:yfdf g]kfnsf k|yd hutu'? afn;Gt df]xgz/0f b]jfrfo{n] kf}/fl0fs

sfnb]lv b]ju0fn] wfld{s;ef ubf{ cfof]hgf ug]{ u/]sf] s'Ded]nf ;'g;/L a/fx If]qsf] sfvdf /x]sf] rt/fwfd -rt/f3f6_ nfO{ vf]hL u/]kl5 o; If]qdf s'De d]nf nfUg ;'? ePsf] xf] . rf/j6f zfxL :gfg x'g] dxfs'Dedf b'O{j6f :gfg / ljåt;ef ;DkGg eO{ laxLaf/ t];|f] / clGtd j}zfv !( ut] zfxL :gfg ;DkGg eO{ dxfs'De csf]{ !@ jif{sf nflu ;DkGg x'g] dxfs'De d]nf cfof]hs ;ldltn] hgfPsf] 5 . :gfgsf nflu ;fw', ;Gt, eQmhg, /fhgLlts bnsf g]tf, sfo{stf{, /fi6« Pj+ ;/sf/ k|d'v, dlGqkl/ifb\sf ;b:o, /fi6«;]js sd{rf/L, ;]gf, k|x/L Pj+ ;j{;fwf/0f hgtfsf] cf]O/f] nflu/x]sf] 5 . kfkaf6 d'lQm / k'0o k|fKt x'g] wfld{s ljZjf;n] clxn];Dddf nfvf}+ >4fn' Pj+ eQmfn' k'uL :gfg ul/;s]sf 5g\ eg] ;/sf/n] klg bf];|f] dxfs'DenfO{ Jojl:yt agfpg Ps s/f]8 k|bfg

;Defjgf, Go"g nfuto'Qm ;d'bfodf cfwfl/t cg's'ng, cltsd ljsl;t d'n'sdf cg's'ng;DaGwL nufgL, k|sf]k hf]lvd Go"gLs/0fdf x'g] nufgL h:tf dxŒjk"0f{ d'2fdf s]lGb|t x'g] ;Dd]ngsf ;+of]hs /fh' kl08t If]qLn] atfP . ;Dd]ngdf @$ j6f ljljw ljifosf k|fljlws ;qdfkm{t ;d'bfodf cfwfl/t cg's'ngsf nflu nufgLsf 7f]; pkfosf] klxrfg u/L hf]lvddf /x]sf ;d'bfosf] ;d]t ltgdf kx'Fr x'g;Sg] lsl;dn] pko'Qm 9fFrfsf] l;kmfl/; ul/g] atfOPsf] 5 .

atfOg\ . pgn] g]kfnL /fhgLltsf] cu|ufdL kl/jt{gdf Pdfcf]jfbLsf] dxŒjk"0f{ e"ldsf ePsf] rrf{ ub}{ hf/L ;+ljwfg n]vg k|lqmof / zflGtk|lqmof Ps csf{df cGt/;DalGwt ePsf] pNn]v ul/g\ . Pdfcf]jfbLsf s]Gb|Lo ;b:o lbnLk dxh{gn] Pdfcf]jfbLsf] ;+3if{sf andf g]kfn u0ftGq;Dd cfOk'u]sf] pNn]v ub}{ zflGtk|lqmof / ;+ljwfg n]vgsf] cleef/fnfO{

;DkGg ub}{ b]znfO{ cfly{s ;d'Gglttkm{ n}hfg'kg]{df hf]8 lbP . Pdfcf]jfbL lhNnf ;Dd]ng cfof]hs ;ldltsf ;b:o z+s/ b'nfnn] ljutsf sdL sdhf]/LnfO{ cfTd;dLIff ub}{ cl3 a9\g'sf] ljsNk gePsf] atfP . g]kfnL sf+u];| sf g]tf /fhg dxh{g, g]skf Pdfn]sf g]tf u+uf dxh{gnufotn] ;Dd]ngsf] ;kmntfsf] sfdgf u/]sf lyP .

k|s[lt ;+/If0fdf pTs[i6nfO{ ;Ddfg

k|wfgdGqL / cd]l/sL /fhb"taLr e]6 sf7df8f}+, j}zfv !) -6f;_ . k|wfgdGqL ;'zLn sf]O/fnf / g]kfnsf nflu cd]l/sL /fhb"t kL6/ 8ANo' af]8]aLr a'waf/ k|wfgdGqL sfof{no l;+xb/af/df e]63f6 ePsf] 5 . e]6df /fhb"t af]8]n] g]kfndf hf/L zflGt k|lqmof / ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fsf] ljifodf rf;f] /fv]sf] k|wfgdGqLsf k//fi6« ;Nnfxsf/ 8f= lbg]zrGb| e§/fO{n] hfgsf/L lbP . e]6sf cj;/df /fhb"t af]8]n] xfn} ;u/dfyf cfwf/ lzlj/df uPsf] lxdklx/f]af6 ePsf] hgwgsf] Ifltk|lt cd]l/sL hgtf / cfkm\gf] tkm{af6 ulx/f] b'Mv k|s6 ub}{ lbj+ut cfTdfsf] lr/zflGtsf] sfdgf u/]sf lyP . /fhb"t af]8]n] ;+;b\df ljrf/fwLg ;Tolg?k0f tyf d]nldnfk cfof]usf] af/]df /fv]sf] lh1f;fdf k|wfgdGqL sf]O/fnfn] ;f] ljw]osdf cfddfkmLaf/] aflx/ xNnfdf cfPh:tf] pNn]v gePsf] atfP . lj:t[t zflGt ;Demf}tf, cGtl/s ;+ljwfg / cGt/f{li6«o d"NodfGotfsf] efjgfcg';f/} cfof]u u7g x'g] ePsfn] ;+;b\df 5nkmnsf] qmddf /x]sf] ljw]ossf af/]df cgfjZos l6Kk0fL ug'{ cfjZos gePsf] k|wfgdGqLn] atfPsf lyP .

dxfs'De d]nfdf t];|f] zfxL :gfg 

kl/jt{g cg's"ngsf ;Gbe{df /fli6«o, cGt/f{li6«o, If]qut Pj+ ;d'bfo txdf xfn eO/x]sf nfufgL, of]hgf tyf pTs[i6 cEof;sf af/]df ;"rgf cfbfgk|bfg u/L 7f]; wf/0ff lgdf{0f ug]{ p2]Zo lnPsf] a'waf/ /fhwfgLdf cfof]lht kqsf/ ;Dd]ngdf hfgsf/L lbOof] . ;Dd]ngdf hnjfo' kl/jt{g cg's'ngsf] d"nk|jfxLs/0f, :yfgLo cg's'ng;DaGwL lqmofsnfkdf nufgL ug{df ax'kIfLo ;+:yfx¿n] axg ul//x]sf r'gf}tL, :yfgLo cg's'ngdf lghL nufgLsf]

‘/fli6«o ;Dd]ngn] kf6L{ dha't agfpF5’

n's]sf kfqnfO{ c:ktfn k|zf;g ;'rf? Sofgef;df ptfb}{ b];f/ 

sf] ;lrjfno SnLg OghL{ g]kfn -;LO{Pg_ sf] ;xsfo{df lj1fg k|ljlw tyf jftfj/0f dGqfnosf] ;+of]hgdf ;f] ;Dd]ng cfof]hgf x'g nfu]sf] xf] . …:yfgLo cg's'ngsf nflu cfly{s nufgLÚ ljifos gf/fsf ;fy cfof]hgf x'g nfu]sf] o; ;Dd]ngdf sl/a %) eGbf a9L d'n'ssf ;/sf/L, u}/;/sf/L, ljsf; cleoGtf, vf]hstf{, z}lIfs ;+:yf tyf cGo ;/f]sf/jnf;d]t u/]/ tLg ;oeGbf a9Lsf] ;xeflutf /xg]5 . ;Dd]ngn] ;d'bfodf cfwfl/t hnjfo'

ul/;s]sf] dxfs'De d]nf Joj:yfkg pk;ldltsf ljgf]b e't]{nn] hfgsf/L lbP . rt/fdf /x]sf] s'De :ynnfO{ wfld{s ko{6g If]qsf] ¿kdf ljsf; ug{;s] g]kfnsf] wfld{s ko{6gn] lgs} dxŒj kfpg] / o;af6 cfly{s ljsf;df 7"nf] d2t k'Ug] ljZjf; ug{ ;lsG5 . ;'g;/Lsf] em'Dsfaf6 ;'g;/L df]/ª l;FrfO cfof]hgfsf] d"n gx/, ksnLb]lv asnf}/L x'Fb} / w/fgb]lv rt/f k'Ug] tLg a]Unfa]Un} af6f]nfO{ ;/sf/n] :t/f]Gglt ug'{kg]{ :yfgLojf;L atfpF5g\ . ;/sf/n] rt/fsf] af6f]nfO{ :t/f]Gglt ug{ !& s/f]8 ljlgof]hg ul/;s]sf] 5 eg] !@ jif{kl5 ;f]xL :yfgdf nfUg] t];|f] dxfs'De d]nfnfO{ Jojl:yt Pj+ eJo agfpg clxn]b]lv g} 7f]; sbd rfNg'kg]{ g]kfnL sf+u|]; ;'g;/Lsf ;efklt /fhLj sf]O/fnfn] atfP . afn ;Gt df]xgz/0f b]jfrfo{sf] cys ldlxg]t / k|of;af6} ef/tsf 7"nf ;Gt, of]uL / dxfTdf tyf hutu'? ldn]/ Ps}rf]6L

;Ktsf];L gbL t6df cfP/ rt/f g} wfld{s u|Gyx¿df pNn]v ePsf] s'Ded]nf nfUg] 7fpF xf] egL olsg ePkl5 of] 7fpF PsfPs rrf{df cfP/ k|Voft aGg uPsf] xf] . o; 7fpFnfO{ k|Voft agfpg b]ze/s} ljleGg ;~rf/dfWod, n]vs tyf ;~rf/sdL{n] snd rnfP/ tLj| k|rf/df Nofpg d2t u/]sf] s'/fnfO{ gsfg{ ;lsGg . clxn] of] :yfgdf dxfs'De cjlwe/ df5f, df;' / dlb/f ;]jg tyf laqmL ljt/0fdf lhNnf k|zf;g sfof{non] k|ltaGw nufPsf] 5 . wd{sd{n] g]kfnL ;dfhdf ;b\efj / Pstf sfod x'g] / o;}sf] dfWodaf6 g]kfn ljZj ;d'bfodf nf]slk|o aGg ;Sg] ePsfn] ;fdflhs ;b\efj / Pstfdf g]kfnLn] o; dxfd]nfdf hf]8 lbPsf 5g\ . lgs} cfgGb / ;Gt'li6 k|fKt x'g] of] :yfgdf eQmhgnfO{ ;]jf / ;'ljwf lbgsf nflu Jojl:yt agfpg lhNnf hg:jf:Yo sfof{no, g]kfnL ;]gf, /]8qm;nufotsf ;+3;+:yf sfo{/t 5g\ . -/f;;_

k|s[lt ;+/If0f sfo{df pTs[i6 sfo{ u/]afkt\ u0f tyf u'Ndx¿nfO{ sb/kq k|bfg ub}{ k|wfg;]gfklt uf}/j zdz]/ ha/f . t:jL/ M g]kfnL ;]gf 6fOD; ;+jfbbftf sf7df8f}+, j}zfv !) . k|s[lt ;+/If0fdf pTs[i6 sfo{ ug]{ g]kfnL ;]gfsf u0f tyf u'Ndx¿nfO{ ;]gfklt uf}/jzDz]/ hj/fn] ;Ddfg u/]sf 5g\ . a'waf/ ;}lgs d'Vofnodf gGbfaS; u0f, g/l;+xbn u0f, u?8bn u0f, /0fbn u'Nd / chobn u'NdnfO{ k|wfg;]gfklt /f0ffn] sb/kq k|bfg u/L ;Ddfg u/] . ;g\ !(&% df lrtjg If]qnfO{ /fli6«o lgs'~h 3f]if0ff u/L ;f]sf] ;'/Iffsf] lhDd]jf/L g]kfnL ;]gfnfO{ lbPaf6 qmlds ¿kdf xfn !) j6f /fli6«o lgs'~h, tLgj6f jGohGt' cf/If / ^ j6f ;+/If0f If]q 3f]if0ff eO;s]sf] 5 . h;dWo] g]kfnL ;]gfn] ;ftj6f u0f / ;ftj6f u'Nd t}gfy u/L gf}j6f /fli6«o lgs'~h / tLgj6f jGohGt' cf/Ifdf ;ft xhf/ ^ ;o @& ;+Vofdf -!#* j6f cfp6 kf]i6_ kmf}h t}gfy u/L jg k}bfj/ Pj+ b'n{e jGohGt'x¿sf] ;'/Iff ub}{

cfO/x]sf] 5 . g]kfnL ;]gfn] k|fKt lhDd]jf/LnfO{ clt g} ;Da]bgzLn eO{ k|lts'n df};d / s7Lg ef}uf]lns jftfj/0fdf cxf]/fq vl6O{ k|s[lt ;+/If0f Pj+ vt/fsf] ;"rLdf /x]sf hLjhGt'sf] ;'/Iff ub}{ cfPsf] 5 . g]kfnL ;]gfsf] pQm sfo{sf] pRr d"Nof+sg ub}{ ljleGg /fli6«o tyf cGt/f{li6«o ;+3;+:yfx¿n] x/]s jif{ g]kfnL ;]gfnfO{ k|s[lt ;+/If0f;DaGwL ljleGg k'/:sf/af6 ;d]t ;Ddfg ub}{ cfPsf] 5 . pQm sfo{qmddf g]kfnL ;]gfsf] /yLj[Gb, lgldQ /Iff;lrj, jg tyf e"–;+/If0f dGqfnocGtu{t jGohGt' tyf /fli6«o lgs'~h dxflgb]{zgfnsf dxflgb]{zs, g]kfnL ;]gfsf ;]gfgL ;d"x, k|s[lt ;+/If0f;Fu ;DalGwt dxfg'efj, ;~rf/sdL{nufot klbs tyf cGobhf{x¿sf] ;d]t pkl:ylt lyof] .

;Tolg?k0f ljw]sodf bzj6f ;+zf]wg k|:tfj 6fOD; ;+jfbbftf sf7df8f}+, j}zfv !) . ;/sf/n] Joj:yflksf ;+;b\df k|:t't u/]sf] a]kQf gful/s 5fglag ;Tolg?k0f tyf d]nldnfk cfof]u ljw]osdfly ;Qf?9 sf+u|];–Pdfn];lxt /fk|kf g]kfnnufotsf bnn] ;+zf]wg k|:tfj btf{ u/fPsf 5g\ . /fk|kf g]kfnsf ;ef;b\ ;'zLn >]i7n] ;f]daf/ ;a}eGbf klxnf ;+zf]wg k|:tfj btf{ u/fPsf 5g\ . /fk|kf g]kfnn] ljw]ossf] bkmf ! sf] pkbkmf ! df …a]kQf ePsf’ eGg] 7fpFdf a]kQf kfl/Psf] eGg] zAb yk

ug{'kg]{, bkmf # sf] pkbkmf # -s_ df /fhgLlts bnn] zflGtk|lqmofdf ;+nUg JolQm cfof]udf /fVg] eGg] 7fpFdf zflGtk|lqmofdf ;+nUg gePsf lgikIf JolQm lgo'lQm ug'{kg]{, bkmf $ sf] -v_ bkmf $ sf] -r_ df ;+zf]wg k|:tfj btf{ u/fPsf] ;ef;b\ >]i7n] hfgsf/L lbP . bkmf $ sf] -r_ df cfof]usf cWoIfdf ;jf]{Rrsf k"j{GofofwLzsf] 7fpFdf ;jf]{Rr cbfntsf k"j{k|wfgGofofwLz x'g'kg]{ eGb} ;+zf]wg k|:tfj btf{ u/fPsf] >]i7n] atfP . o;}u/L

bkmf @^ sf] pkbkmf -@_ / bkmf @( sf] pkbkmf -@_ ;++zf]wg ug{ k|:tfj btf{ u/]sf] /fk|kf g]kfnn] hgfPsf] 5 . g]kfnL ljw]osdfly sf+u|];sf ;~hos'df/ uf}td, Pdfn]sf z]/axfb'/ tfdfª / r"8fdl0f ljs, kmf]/d g]kfnsf nfnafa' /fpt / jL/]Gb|s'df/ dxtf], td;kfsf d]3/fh g]kfnL, hgd'lQm kf6L{sf lzjnfn yfkf / y?xt t/fO{kf6L{;lxt kfFrj6f ;fgf bnn] ;+zf]wg k|:tfj btf{ u/fPsf] ;+;b\ ;lrjfnon] hgfPsf] 5 .


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gjnk/f;Lsf] lzjdlGb/ uflj;nfO{ v'nf lb;fd'Qm If]q 3f]if0ff sfo{qmddf sf}/f g[To ub}{ du/ ;d'bfosf dlxnf . du/ ;d'bfosf] afSnf] a:tL x'g] 7fpFdf x'g] of] gfr clxn] zx/ahf/df ;d]t nf]slk|o ag]sf] 5 . t:jL/ M /f;;

ef/tLo ;'s'Daf;LnfO{ x6fOg] s~rgk'/, j}zfv !) . l5d]sL d'n's ef/tsf ;'s'Daf;L gful/s wdfwd g]kfn cfpg nfu]sf 5g\ . ef/tsf ljleGg :yfgdf a;f]af; ub}{ cfPsf ;'s'Daf;L ToxfFsf] ;/sf/n] Joj:yfkg gubf{ g]kfn cfpg nfu]sf x'g\ . pgLx¿ k|foMh;f] g]kfn– ef/tsf] ;Ldf gfsf eP/ g]kfn lelqg] u/]sf 5g\ . kl5Nnf jif{df kl/jf/;lxt g]kfn lelqg] ef/tLo ;'s'Daf;Lsf] ;+Vof a9\b} uPsf] 5 . ;kl/jf/ g]kfn cfPsf ef/tLo ;'s'Daf;L ;fj{hlgs

pklgjf{rgsf] tof/L cQl/of, j}zfv !) . ;/sf/n] ;+ljwfg;efsf] pklgjf{rg c;f/ * ut] 3f]if0ff u/]kl5 s}nfnL If]q g+ ^ df r'gfjL rxnkxn a9]sf] 5 . lhNnf lgjf{rg sfof{no / /fhgLlts bnx¿n] lgjf{rgsf] tof/L tLj| agfPsf 5g\ . lhNnf lgjf{rg sfof{no s}nfnLn] a'waf/ cfof]hgf u/]sf] 5nkmn sfo{qmddf lgjf{rg;DaGwL tof/Laf/] hfgsf/L lbOPsf] 5 . lgjf{rg sfof{non] dtbftf gfdfjnL ;+sng sfo{nfO{ tLj| agfPsf] atfPsf] 5 . Ps gu/kflnsf / b'O{j6f uflj; /x]sf] If]q g+ ^ df lgjf{rg sfof{non] #) j6f dtbfgs]Gb|df dtbftf gfdfjnL SofDk ;~rfng ul/g] lhNnf lgjf{rg sfof{nosf k|dv ' ljz]sl;+x 9sfnn] atfP . pgn] oxL j}zfv @) ut];Dd clGtd dtbftf gfdfjnL ;+sng ul/g] pNn]v u/] . -/f;;_

hUuf hldgdf kfn 6fFu]/ a:b} cfPsf 5g\ . tLg dlxgfklxn] ef/tsf] ljxf/af6 g]kfn cfPsf x/]Gb| t'u]8fn] ef/tdf vfg gkfPkl5 ;kl/jf/ g]kfn lelqPsf] atfP . …ef/tdf xfdLn] dfu]/ klg vfg kfPsf lyPgf}+ oxfF ufpFufpFdf uP/ vfg kfPsf 5f}+,Ú pgn] eg]] . t'u]8f h:t} cGo Ps ;oeGbf a9L kl/jf/n] o;}u/L u'hf/f rnfO/x]sf 5g\ . u8\8frf}sL, lhNnfsf] dx]Gb|gu/, b}hL, k'gaf{;nufosf ;fj{hlgs :yfgdf pgLx¿ hldg

sAhf u/]/ kfn 6fFu]/ a;f]af; ub}{ cfPsf 5g\ . ;b/d'sfd eLdbQgu/– $ ahf/df ut jif{;Dd b'O{÷tLg kl/jf/ dfq} a;f]af; ub{y] eg] xfn Ps ;oeGbf a9L ;'s'Daf;L kl/jf/ Ps} 7fpFdf a:b} cfPsf 5g\ . pgLx¿n] lbgel/ ufpFufpFdf 8'Nb} dfu]/ 5fs 6fl//x]sf 5g\ eg] dx]Gb|gu/df a:b} cfPsf ;'s'Daf;Lsf 5f]/f5f]/L eg] ahf/df a6'jf;Fu k};f dfUg] glbP pgLx¿sf] lk5f kg]{ ub{5g\ . dlxnf b]Vg] lalQs} pgLx¿

k};f dfUb5g\, k};f glbP;Dd n'uf ;dfTg]h:tf p;sf] nHhf:kb lqmofsnfk ub{5g\ . …s'g} s'g} a]nf t k};f glbP ufnL;d]t u5{g\,Ú dx]Gb|gu/ ahf/df ;fdfg lsGg cfPsf s[i0fk'/sf bfdf]b/ P]/n] atfP . s~rgk'/sf k|d'v lhNnf clwsf/L kz'{/fd cof{nn] ahf/ If]qdf a;]sf ;'s'Daf;LnfO{ x6fOg] atfP . ;'s'Daf;Ln] ahf/sf] zf]ef lauf/]sf] eGb} pgLx¿nfO{ l5§} x6fOg] k|lhc cof{nn] atfP . -/f;;_

bf;n] atfP . ;]jf ;~rfng ePsf :yfgdf la/fdL /fVg] z}øofsf] ;d]t cefj x'Fbf e"OFd} la/fdL /fv]/ k|;"lt ;DalGwt pkrf/ u/fpg afWo x'g'k/]sf] ;DalGwt If]qdf sfo{/t :jf:YosdL{n] u'gf;f] u/]sf 5g\ . ef}lts k"jf{wf/sf] b[li6n] sdhf]/ cj:yfdf ;~rfng cfP klg o;sf] x'Fb} k|efjsfl/tf / ;]jf lj:tf/n] ubf{ clxn];Dd k"jf{~rnsf] !^ lhNnfdWo] k|yd lhNnfsf] ¿kdf /x]sf] k"jf{~rn If]qLo :jf:Yo sfof{nosf] d"Nof+sg / cWoogn] b]vfPsf] 5 . lj;+ @)&) sf] ;fpg dlxgfb]lv clxn];Ddsf] gf} dlxgfsf] ;do cjlwel/df dfq

k/fh'nL x]6f}+8f, j}zfv !) . /fli6o k|hftGq kf6L{ g]kfnsf cWoIf sdn yfkfn] tLg 7"nf bnn] u}/;+j}wflgs zlQms]Gb| agfP/ ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f k|lqmof cj?4 kfg{ vf]h]sf] cf/f]k nufPsf 5g\ . /fk|kf g]kfn dsjfgk'/sf] @# cf}+ lhNnf clwj]zgsf] a'waf/ x]6f}+8fdf pb\3f6g ub}{ cWoIf yfkfn] ;+ljwfg;efleq}sf /fhgLlts zlQmx¿nfO{ lgif]w u/]/ ;+ljwfg hf/L x'g g;Sg] 7f]s'jf u/] . ;+ljwfg;efaflx/ /x]sf g]skf–dfcf]jfbL;lxtsf bnx¿ / /fh;+:yfh:tf zlQmx¿sf] ;d]t efjgf ;d]6\g'kg]{df 7"nf bnn] ;+ljwfg;efleq}sf bnnfO{ lgif]w ubf{ ;+ljwfg aGg sl7g x'g] cWoIf yfkfsf] ts{ 5 . 7"nf /fhgLlts bnn] ljuts} uNtL bf]xf]¥ofpg vf]h]sfn] ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f k|lqmof cl3 a9\g g;s]sf] cWoIf yfkfn] lhls/ u/] . h]7 !) ut] sf7df8f}+l:yt v'nf d~rdf dxflwj]zgsf] pb\3f6g sfo{qmd x'g] hfgsf/L lbFb} kf6L{ gofF 9+un] cufl8 a9\g] atfP . !) b]lv !# ut];Dd x'g] s]Gb|Lo dxflwj]zgdf b]ze/sf @% ;o k|ltlglw kl/j]Ifsx¿n] ;xeflutf hgfpg] 5g\ . kf6L{n] /fli6«o cv08tf, cfly{s ;d[l4, k|hftGqsf]

pbok'/ lhNnfsf ljleGg k|;"lt s]Gb|df tLg xhf/ $ ;o &) hgf k|;"lt ;DalGwt la/fdLsf] ;kmn k|;"lt pkrf/ ;]jf k|bfg ul/Psf] lhNnf :jf:Yo sfof{no pbok'/n] atfPsf] 5 . lhNnfsf] b'u{d e]udf ;d]t uflj; / lhNnf :jf:Yo sfof{no tyf o'lg;]kmsf] ;Lldt ;|f]t / ;fwgaf6 c:yfoL cgdLnufotsf :jf:YosdL{ Joj:yf u/]/ pbok'/ lhNnfdf clxn] k|;"lt ;]jf ;~rfngdf j[l4 ul/Fb} nluPsf] atfOPsf] 5 . lhNnfdf k|;"lt ;]jf k|efjsf/L x'Fb} uPkl5 clxn] () k|ltzt k|;"lt;DaGwL la/fdLn] lhNnfleq} ;f] ;]jfdf lge{/ x'Fb} cfPsf] :jf:Yo sfof{no pbok'/n] hgfPsf] 5 . -/f;;_

/fodfemL e}/xjf, j}zfv !) . ljZj ;Dkbfdf ;dflji6 dxfdfgj uf}tda'4sf] hGd:yn n'lDagL jftfj/0fLo k|b"if0fsf] pRr hf]lvddf k/]sf] b]lvG5 . zflGt e"ldsf gfdaf6 ljZjd} kl/lrt n'lDagL o; If]qdf /x]sf] cf}Bf]lus sf]l/8f]/sf sf/0f hf]lvddf k/]sf] xf] . ;+;f/e/af6 n'lDagL cfpg] ko{6ssf] d'Vo k|j]z dfu{ e}/xjf–n'lDagL @@ lsnf]ld6/ ;8sdf 7"nf k|b"if0fo'Qm pBf]u ;~rfngdf x'Fbf n'lDagL cfpg] ko{6ssf nflu ;d:of kb}{ cfPsf] 5 . oxfF a9\bf] cf}Bf]uLs/0fsf sf/0f n'lDagL / o;sf cf;kf;sf If]qdf jftfj/0fLo k|b"if0f b}lgs al9/x]sf] 5 . oxfFsf pe{/e"ld, xl/ofnL h+un, au}+rf, hnr/ If]q, :s'n, :yfgLo hgtf, s[lifdf pTkfbsTj tyf oxfFsf clt d"Nojfg\ ;|f]t xfjfkfgL, df6f]df k|lts"n c;/ kl//x]sf] 5 . h;sf sf/0f n'lDagL cfpg] ko{6s, tLy{ofqL, leIf'x¿ tyf ;du| n'lDagL If]qnfO{ g} b}lgs k|b"lift agfO/x]sf] 5 . afx| jif{cufl8 n'lDagL cfPsf >Ln+sfsf Ps leIf'n] b]v]sf] e}/xjf n'lDagL ;8ssf] j/k/sf] ;'Gb/ If]q au}+rf,

xl/ofnL, s[ifssf] b]lvg] b}lgsL clxn] cfP/ w'nf] / w'jfFo'Qm ePsf] atfpF5g\ . n'lDagL cfpg] ljb]lzn] n'lDagL If]qnfO{ zfGt / ;'Gb/ If]qsf ¿kdf sNkgf u/]/ oxfF cfpFbf b]lv g} oxfFsf 7"nf7"nf lrDgLsf] w'jfFn] a'4sf] hGd:yfg n'lDagLsf] ul/dfnfO{ cf]em]ndf kfl//x]sf] 5 . n'lDagL If]qdf ;'lgof]lrt ¿kdf snsf/vfgf tyf pBf]usf] :yfkgf / ;~rfng eO/x]sf 5g\ . clwsf+z pBf]u @)%# b]lv @)^& ;Dd :yfkgf eO{ ;~rfng ePsf b]lvG5g\ . jftfj/0f k|b"if0f u/fpg] d'Vo l;d]G6 pBf]u oxfF bh{gf}+ ;+Vofdf :yfkgf ePsf 5g\ . o; If]qdf hubDaf l;d]G6 k|fln, ;'lk|d l;d]G6 k|fln, s}nfz l;d]G6 k|fln, l;4fy{ l;d]G6 k|fln, j[h l;d]G6 k|fln, l/nfoG; l;d]G6 k|fln, c3f{vfFrL l;d]G6 k|fln, ljzfn l;d]G6 k|fln, clUg l;d]G6 k|flnnufot o; If]qdf tLg bh{g OF6f pBf]u / cDa] l:6n pBf]u, uf]oGsf l:6n pBf]u, l/nfoG; k]k/ ldn, l;4fy{ km\nf]/ ldn, hubDaf ;]Gy]l6s k|fln, Zofd KnfOaf]8{ pBf]u, l;4fy{ cfon pBf]u, ul/df sfl:6ª, lxdfno :GofS; P08 g'8n / OGdfG6 ldn k|fln /x]sf 5g\ . l;d]G6 pBf]u ;~rfngdf rnfOg]

qm;/ tyf Åofd/ rnfpFbf Wjlg k|b"if0f / w'nf]sf s0fn] o; If]qsf] jftfj/0fdf k|b"if0f agfO/x]sf] 5 . l;d]G6 pTkfbgdf k|zf]wg ubf{ sfa{g8fOcS;fO8, ;Nkm/ 8fOcS;fO8, sfa{g df]gf] cS;fO8sf] ld>0f ubf{ 7"nf] kl/df0fdf z/L/ / jftfj/0fnfO{ c;/ k'¥ofpg] w'nf] / w'jfF lg:sg] jftfj/0f lj1 8f= dx]Zj/ ¿kfv]tL atfpF5g\ . h;sf sf/0f k|frLgsfnLg n'lDagLsf] czf]s :tDedf lnlvt lnlkdf;d]t k|ToIf c;/ k'¥ofO/x]sf] ¿kfv]tLsf] k'li6 5 . oxfFsf pBf]un] ljZj :jf:Yo ;+u7gsf] dfkb08eGbf s}of}+ u'0ff a9L k|b"if0f ul//x]sf] cGt/f{li6«o k|s[lt ;+/If0f ;+3n] s]xL ;do klxnf u/]sf] ;j]{If0fn] b]vfPsf] lyof] . n'lDagLsf :yfgLo afl;Gbf /fdrGb| sf}O/Ln] :yfgLo pBf]u ;~rfngdf cfPkl5 oxfFaf6 lg:sg] w'jfF / w'nf]n] :yfgLosf] hLjg si6s/ agfPsf] atfpF5g\ . pgL eG5g\, …xl/of la?jfsf] kft pBf]usf] w'jfF / w'nf]n] ubf{ emfl/lbG5, 3/df wf]P/ ;'sfPsf] n'ufdf sfn} bfu a:5, vfg]s'/f g9fs]/ /fv]df w'nf]n] k'l/lbG5, afnLgfnLdf w'nfDd} x'gfn] /fd|f] pTkfbg lng ;lsPsf] 5}g .Ú n'lDagL e}/xjf ;8s5]pdf 3/ ePsf

;+/If0fh:tf d'2fdf hf]8 lbg] cWoIf yfkfn] atfP . & jif{sf] 5f]6f] cjlwd} bf];|f] ;+ljwfg;efsf] r'gfjkZrft\ rf}yf] 7"nf] zlQmsf] ¿kdf cfkm"x¿ cfPsf] lhls/ ub}{ pgn] hgtfsf] ljZjf; / e/f];fsf] sb/ ub}{ Odfgbfl/tfk"j{s ;d[4 g]kfn agfpg s'g} s;/ afFsL g/fVg] :ki6 kf/] . pgn] ca x'g] ;+;bLo r'gfjaf6 cem}+ 7"nf]

k;f{, j}zfv !) . lhNnfsf] clt b'u{d uflj; 7f]/L;lxt ;'j{0fk'/, lgd{na:tL / ;]9jf uflj;df vfg]kfgLsf] ;|f]t ;'s]kl5 :yfgLojf;L df/df k/]sf 5g\ . ljz]ifu/L wf/f -rfkfsn_ df kfgL cfpg 5f8]kl5 :yfgLojf;L ;d:ofdf k/]sf x'g\ . udL{ a9];Fu} wf/fdf kfgL ;'s]kl5 :yfgLojf;L glhs}sf] l5d]sL uflj;af6 kfgL Nofpg afWo ag]sf 5g\ . kfgLsf] cefj

lj/f6gu/, j}zfv !) . df]/ªsf] ;Ldf;Fu hf]l8Psf] ef/tsf] ljxf/ /fHodf x'g nfu]sf nf]s;efsf] lgjf{rgnfO{ Wofgdf /fvL g]kfn–ef/tsf] ;Ldf d+unaf/ ;fFemb]lv k"0f{¿kdf aGb ul/Psf] 5 . lhNnf k|x/L sfof{no df]/ªsf cg';f/ ef/tsf] ljxf/ /fHodf laxLaf/ x'g nfu]sf] nf]s;ef lgjf{rgnfO{ Wofgdf /fvL d+unaf/ ;fFem & ah]b]lv z''qmaf/ laxfg;Ddsf nflu ;Ldf If]q aGb ul/Psf] xf] . ;Ldf aGb ul/Pkl5 la/fdL af]s]sf] PDa'n]G; / dflg;afx]s cGo ;Dk"0f{ ;jf/L;fwgnfO{ cfjthfjtdf /f]s nufOPsf] 5 . -/f;;_

k|b"if0fsf] hf]lvddf n'lDagL  sdn

a'waf/ x]6f}F8fdf ;'¿ ePsf] /fk|kf g]kfn dsjfgk'/sf] @# cf}+ lhNnf clwj]zgdf af]Nb} cWoIf sdn yfkf . zlQmsf] ¿kdf pbfpg] :ki6 kfb}{ /fk|kf g]kfnsf] l;4fGt / ljrf/nfO{{ w]/} hgtfn] cfkm\gf] /f]hfOdf kf/]sf] wf/0ff /fv] . yfkfn] sf+u];| , Pdfn], dfcf]jfbLn] Ps jif{leq ;+ljwfg aGg] atfO/x] klg o;cl3 ;+ljwfg;ef ;+ljwfg gagfO{ lj36g ePsf sf/0f pgLx¿ ;r]t gePsf] pgn] atfP .

cl3Nnf] ;+ljwfg;efdf ;+ljwfg aGg g;s]sf] ljifonfO{ ;dLIff u/]/ gLltut q'l6 ;'wf/ / ;Qf lnK;fnfO{ Tofu]/ ;a} kf6L{, ljrf/nfO{ ;dfj]z u/]/ ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f ug'{kg]{df pgn] hf]8 lbP . lhNnf clwj]zgdf Ps ;o #@ hgf k|ltlglw ;xefuL 5g\ . clwj]zgn] lhNnfsf] gofF g]t[Tj rog ug]{ atfOPsf] 5 .

vfg]kfgLsf] ;|f]t ;'Sof] ;Ldf aGb

k|;"lt s]Gb| k|efjsf/L aGb} pbok'/, j}zfv !) . pbok'/ lhNnfdf ;~rfng x'Fb} cfPsf] k|;"lt;]jf s]Gb| -aly{ª;]G6/_ ef}lts k"jf{wf/ tyf plrt Joj:yfkgsf] cefjdf klg k|efjsf/L aGb} cfPsf 5g\ . lhNnfsf] $$ uflj; / Ps gu/kflnsfdWo] @& :yfgdf clxn] k|;"lt s]Gb| ;~rfng x'Fb} cfPsf] lhNnf :jf:Yo sfof{no pbok'/n] atfPsf] 5 . clwsf+z uflj;df ;~rfng ul/Psf s]Gb|df ejgsf] cefj tyf z}øofnufot plrt cfjZosLo pks/0fsf] ;d]t cefj x'Fbf ;DalGwt If]qdf sfd ug]{ :jf:YosdL{ tyf k|;"lt;DaGwL la/fdLn] ;d]t ;d:of ef]Ub} cfPsf] lhNnf c:ktfn pbok'/sf jl/i7 lrlsT;s 8f= r'dgnfn

‘lgif]wn] ;+ljwfg aGb}g’

oxfFsf k'/fgf :yfgLo afl;Gbf k]|dkfnn] eg], …pBf]ux¿ ;~rfngdf cfPkl5 :jf:Yodf ;d]t c;/ k/]sf] 5, aRrfaRrLdf ljleGg lsl;dsf /f]u b]vf kl//x]sf 5g\ .Ú ;g\ !(^& df ;+o'Qm /fi6«;+3sf tTsfnLg dxf;lrj p yfGtn] n'lDagLsf] ljsf; ug{ hfkfgL jf:t'snfljb\ OlGhlgo/ s]Ghf] 6fª\u]sf] cu'jfOdf !(&* df tof/ kf/]sf] n'lDagL u'?of]hgf g t xfn;Dd k"/f x'g ;s]sf] 5, g ljZj ;Dkbfdf k|lts"n c;/ kfl//x]sf] jftfj/0f k|b"if0f /f]Sg s'g} 7f]; sbd rflnPsf] 5 . n'lDagL ljsf; sf]ifsf ;b:o ;lrj clhtdfg tfdfª g]kfn ;/sf/n] s]Gb|Lo:t/df lg0f{o u/] dfq oxfFsf] k|b"if0f x6\g ;Sg] atfpF5g\ . ;g\ !((& df g]kfn ;/sf/n] n'lDagLnfO{ ljZj;Dkbf ;"\rLdf ;"rLs[t ubf{ o; If]qsf] !% lsnf]ld6/ kl/lwdf s'g} klg k|b"if0f km}nfpg] pBf]ux¿ ;~rfng ug{ glbg] eGg] lgod clxn] sfuhdf dfq ;Lldt /x]sf] 5 . n'lDagL If]qsf] k|b"if0f lgoGq0f ug{ ;dod} Wofg glbg] xf] eg] n'lDagLsf] ul/dfnfO{ cf]em]ndf kfg{ rfxg] tŒjx¿sf nflu dfq yk ;xof]u k'Ug] b]lvG5 . -/f;;_

ePkl5 3/df kflnPsf ufO{e}+;LnfO{ ;d]t kfgL v'jfpg ;d:of k/]sf] ;'j0f{k/' sf :yfgLojf;L /f]zg v8\sfn] atfP . kfgL ;'s]kl5 v]tLafnLdf ;d]t c;/ k/]sf] :yfgLo egfO 5 . x/]s jif{ ;'Vvf df};ddf o:tf ;d:of cfkm"x¿n] em]Ng k/]sf] klg ;f] uflj;sf :yfgLon] atfPsf 5g\ . vfg]kfgLsf] j}slNks Joj:yf gx'Fbf b"liftkfgL

lkpg cfkm"x¿ afWo ePsf] klg pgLx¿n] atfPsf 5g\ . vf;u/L r}t / j}zfvsf] ;'Vvf df};ddf cfkm"x¿nfO{ vfg]kfgLsf] ;d:of x'g] u/]sf] :yfgLojf;L atfpF5g\ . h+un kmF8fgL ePsf sf/0f kl5Nnf] ;dodf ;f] If]qdf vfg]kfgLsf] ;|f]t ;'Sg] qmd a9]sf] lhNnf jg sfof{nosf clws[t ljGb' ld>n] atfP . -/f;;_

xftd'v;Fu} cfFvf w'g] sfo{qmd a}t8L, j}zfv !) . a}t8Ldf 6«sf]df /f]ulj?4sf] cleofgcGtu{t xftd'v;Fu} cfFvf w'g] sfo{qmd nfu" x'g] ePsf] 5 . lhNnfsf ljleGg uflj;df gd'gf ;j]{If0fsf qmddf ;f9] rf/ k|ltzt JolQmdf 6«sf]df b]lvPkl5 pQm cleofg ;'? ug{ nfluPsf] lhNnf :jf:Yo sfof{non] hgfPsf] 5 . cfFvf ;/;kmfO gubf{ ;+qmd0f x'g] 6«sf]dflj?4 lhNnfel/ afnaflnsfnfO{ xftd'v;Fu} lbgdf b'O{ tLg k6s;Dd cfFvfsf] ;/;kmfO ug{ l;sfpg] :jf:Yo sfof{nosf Ifos'i6 ;xfos dgf]h cf]emfn]

atfP . pgn] pQm cleofg;Fu} oxL j}zfv !% b]lv @$ ut];Dd 6«sf]df lj?4sf] cf}iflw;d]t v'jfpg] tof/L eO/x]sf] hfgsf/L lbP . ;'b"/klZrdsf] c5fd / a}t8Ldf a9L dfqfdf b]lvPsf] 6«sf]df df]ltoflaGb'kl5 csf]{ vt/gfs /f]u ePsfn] o;lj?4sf] cleofg ;'? ug{ nfluPsf] atfOPsf] 5 . a}t8Lsf sl/a b'O{ xhf/hgfdf ul/Psf] gd'gf ;j]{If0fdf ** hgfdf 6«sf]df uDeL/ cj:yfdf b]lvPsf] :jf:Yo sfof{non] hgfPsf] 5 . -/f;;_

sfof{non] cg'dlt l9nfO ubf{ ljBfyL{ egf{df cGof]n gjnk/f;L, j}zfv !) . lzIff sfof{non] cg'dlt lbg l9nfO ubf{ dflyNnf] sIffdf kf; eP/ hfg] ljBfyL{nfO{ egf{ ug{ cGof]n ePsf] u'gf;f] gjnk/f;Lsf ;fd'bflos ljBfnon] u/]sf 5g\ . gofF z}lIfs ;q ;'? eO;Sbf klg dfu ul/Psf] dflyNnf] sIff cg'dlt lbg lhNnf lzIff ;ldltn] l9nfO ubf{ ljBfyL{sf] k7gkf7gdf ;d]t ;d:of ePsf] ljleGg ljBfnosf k|wfgfWofksn]

atfPsf 5g\ . lhNnfdf dflyNnf] sIff ;~rfngsf nflu $! ;fd'bflos ljBfnon] cg'dlt dfu u/]sf] ;xfos lzIff clwsf/L gu]Gb|k|;fb /]UdLn] atfP . sIff !, ^ / ( sf nflu If]qLo lzIff lgb]{zgfnon] :jLs[lt lbg'kg]{ ePsfn] kmfOn k7fP klg cg'dlt gcfPsf] / ]UdLsf] egfO 5 . lhNnfdf &% pRr dflj, ^# dflj, ! ;o !% lgdflj / @ ;o ^! j6f k|flj

/x]sf 5g\ . o;}aLr lgodljk/Lt dflyNnf] sIff ;~rfng u/]sf] eGb} lghL ljBfnon] dfu u/]sf] ! ;o @! ljBfnosf] sIff ;~rfngsf] cg'dlt klg /f]s]sf] 5 . lzIff sfof{non] cg'dlt /f]s] klg gjnk/f;Lsf clwsf+z lghL ljBfnon] ljgfcg'dlt dflyNnf] sIffdf wdfwd ljBfyL{ egf{ ul//x]sf] kfOPsf] 5 . -/f;;_


d'n's

@)&! j}zfv !!, laxLaf/ | Thursday, 24 April, 2014

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89]nf]n] jgdf Ôlt

uf]/vfdf a'waf/ lbpF;f] !@ lsnf] eGg] 7fpFdf $ ah] ePsf] hLk b'3{6gfdf 3fOt] ePsfnfO{ l;ld|s Pc/sf] x]lnsf]K6/df sf7df8f}+ n}hfg] tof/L ul/Fb} . ;f] b'3{6gfdf $ hgf ulDe/ 3fOt] ePsf lyP . t:jL/ M /f;;

xfQLn] cfkm\g} ;';f/]nfO{ df¥of]  ofbj cfrfo{ alb{of, j}zfv !) . alb{of /fli6«o lgs'~hsf] xfQL;f/df /x]sf] hfqfsnL gfds xfQLn] cfkm\g} :ofxf/;';f/ ug]{ Ps k5'jfnfO{ df/]sf] 5 . lgoldt 3fF; sf6\g] qmddf lgs'~hsf] xfQL drfg glhs} /x]sf] Ps ¿vaf6 8fnf sf6]/ afFWg] qmddf xfQLn] e"OFdf k5f/L s'Nr]/ df/]sf] xf] . 7fs'/åf/f uflj; j8f g+ ( lzjk'/sf #% jifL{o 5f]6sL yf¿ )^# ;fnb]lv alb{of lgs'~hcGtu{tsf] xfQL;f/df * jif]{ s/f/ k5'jf kbdf sfd ub}{

cfPsf] alb{of /fli6«o lgs'~hsf ;xfos ;+/If0f clws[t czf]s e08f/Ln] atfP . pgL ;Fu} /x]sf kml0ft zf]let /fd yf¿ eg] efu]/ ar]sf] pgn] atfP . ;'?df xfQLn] zf]letnfO{ k5f/]sf] / xfQLsf] v'§faf6 km'Ts]/ afFr]sf] pgn] atfP . pgL efu]kl5 l/;fPsf] xfQLn] cfkm\g} dfyL 8fnf afFlw/x]sf 5f]6sL yf¿nfO{ k5f/]/ dfl/lbPsf] pgn] atfPsf 5g\ . xfn alb{of xfQL;f/df !* j6f xfQL /x]sf] / ;f] xfQLsf] :ofxf/ ;';f/sf nflu sd{rf/Lsf] b/aGbL sdL /x]sfn] klg o:tf] ;d:of

k/]sf] e08f/Ln] k|:6 kf/] . clxn] alb{of xfQL;f/df !) sd{rf/Lsf] dfq b/aGbL /x]sf] 5 . Ps xfQLnfO{ sDtLdf klg dfpt], kml0ft / k5'jf u/L # hgf sd{rf/L cfjZos kg]{ u5{ . t/ alb{of xfQL;f/df xfQLn] aRrf hGdfpg] qmd a9]kl5 xfQLsf] ;+Vofdf j[l4 ePsf] pgn] atfP . o:tf] cj:yfdf ;d]t b/aGbL gylkPsf] pgsf] u'gf;f] 5 . alb{ofdf xfQLn] cfkm\g} ;';f/]nfO{ df/]sf] klxnf] 36gf xf] . o; 36gfn] alb{ofsf] ;+/If0fdf gofF r'gf}tL ylkPsf]

5 . xfQL;f/df sfo{/t s/f/ sd{rf/Lx¿sf] g t s'g} ;'ljwf 5 g t s'g} ladf ul/Psf] 5 . o;n] ubf{ klg xfQL;f/df sfd ug]{ sd{rf/L kfpg c;lhnf] kg]{ b]lvG5 . ;+/If0fdf cfkm\gf] jlnbfgL ug]{ 5f]6sL yf¿sf] kl/jf/sf] Uof/]G6L /fHon] lng'kg]{ :yfgLon] atfPsf 5g\ . alb{of lgs'~hsf] xfQL;f/df :yfoL sd{rf/L yk ug'k{ g]{ sd{rf/L atfpF5g\ . jif]{gL xfQLsf] ;+Vof ylkFb} hfg] t/ sd{rf/L eg] gylkg' o;n] ubf{ klg ;+/If0fdf r'gf}tL b]lvPsf] 5 .

n]vfk9L Joj;foLsf] cfrf/;+lxtf aGb} 6fOD; ;+jfbbftf kfNkf, j}zfv !) . e"ld;'wf/ tyf Joj:yfdGqL bnaxfb'/ /fgfn] n]vfk9L Joj;foLsf] cfrf/ ;+lxtf agfP/ sfof{Gjog ug]{ atfPsf 5g\ . pgn] o;sf nflu dGqfno tof/ /x]sf] / cfrf/;+lxtf agfpg] sfddf ;'? eO;s]sf] atfPsf 5g\ . u[x lhNnf e|d0fdf cfPsf /fgf k|]; sfplG;n g]kfnn] tfg;]gdf cfof]hgf u/]sf] kqsf/ cfrf/ ;+lxtf ljifos cGtlqm{ofdf af]Nb} dGqfnosf] of]hgfcGtu{t klxnf] r/0fdf sf7df8f}+ pkTosfdf dfnkf]t, gfkLnufotsf sfof{nodf ;L;L Sofd]/f h8fg ug]{ atfP . pgn] u|fxssf] rfk ePsf pkTosfnufot kfFr

:yfgdf zfvf lj:tf/ u/]/ sfdsf] ;'?jft ul/g] pNn]v u/] . ;'s'Djf;L ;d:of ;dfwfg hUuf afF8]/ gx'g] atfpFb} pgn] clGtdk6s b'O{ jif{ cjlw lbP/ ;'s'Daf;L ;d:of ;dfwfg cfof]u agfpg ;/sf/ cl3 a9]sf] atfP . …hUuf af“8]/ ;d:of ;dfwfg gx'g] cj:yf 5,Ú pgn] eg], …clGtdk6s xf], ca lglZrt cjlw lbP/ clwsf/ ;DkGg cfof]u aGb}5, To;n] ;d:ofsf] ;dfwfg ug]{ 5 .Ú dGqfno dftxtsf sfof{nox¿ dfnkf]t, gfkLnufotsf sfof{nok|lt hgtfsf] wf/0ff ;sf/fTds agfpg klg n]vfk9L Joj;foLsf

nflu cfrf/;+lxtf agfpg' h?/L ePsf] pgn] atfP . clxn] eO/x]sf sfd sf/afxL ;'wf/ u/]/ hgtfk|ltsf] u'gf;f] ;Daf]wg ug{ cfkm" nfluk/]sf] ;d]t atfP . hgtfsf] sfd l56f] xf];\ eg]/ lbg]n] lbg] / lng]n] lng] sfd cfkm"n] /f]s]/ 5f8\g];d]t pNn]v u/] . s[lif, cfjf;, Joj;foL, cf}Bf]lus / jg If]q tf]s]/ e"ld juL{s/0f ug{ ;/sf/ nfu]sf] dGqL /fgfsf] egfO 5 . …hyfefjL hUufsf] k|of]un] dfgja:tL / s[lif If]q c:tJo:t ag]sf] 5,Ú pgn] eg], …e"ld juL{s/ 0fdf ;/sf/n] sfo{ u/]/ l5§} dGqfnosf sfd r':tb'?:t agfpg] 5 .Ú

6fOD; ;+jfbbftf vf]6fª, j}zfv !) . vf]6fªsf] 5'§f5'§} rf/ :yfgdf nfu]sf] jg 89]nf]n] 7'nf] Ôlt ePsf] 5 . lhNnfsf] l8s'jf, dfSkf, l;dkfgL / af;kfgLdf nfu]sf] 89]nf]n] nfvf}+sf] jg k}bfjf/ Pj+ wgsf] Ôlt ePsf] xf] . h+unaf6 ;lNsPsf] 89]nf]n] klZrdL uflj; l8s'jfdf # j6f 3/ hn]sf] 5 . l8s'jf–^ af6 ;lNsPsf] 89]nf]n] l8s'jf–* sf e}/jaxfb'/ du/, d]3axfb'/ du/ / bnaxfb'/ kl/of/sf] 3/ gi6 ePsf] :yfgLo ;j{wg du/n] atfP. 89]nf]af6 nfu]sf] cfunfuLdf e}/jaxfb'/sf] % cfgf ;'g, !( xhf/ gub, & j6f afv|f / # j6f v;L, d]3axfb'/sf] & j6f v;Lafv|f, cGg, dfn;fdfg / bnaxfb'/sf] 3/df ePsf ;a} ;fdfg gi6 ePsf] k|x/Lrf}sL Rofl:d6f/n] hgfPsf] 5 . k|x/Lsf cg';f/ e}/jaxfb'/sf] ;f9] % nfv, d]3axfb'/sf] ;f9] $ nfv / kl/of/sf] $ nfva/fa/sf] Ôlt ePsf] k|f/lDes cg'dfg ul/Psf] 5 . k|x/L rf}sL Rofl:d6f/sf k|x/L ;xfos lg/LÔs ;q'wg /fpt g]t[Tjsf] k|x/ 6f]nL / :yfgLojf;Ln] 89]nf] lgoGq0fsf] k|of; u/]sf lyP . o:t} ;fd'bflos jgdf nfu]sf] 89]nf]n] k]lN6«;]6sf] tf/ hNbf dfSkf–& / * df ljB't\ cj?4 ePsf] 5 . :yfgLo eL/ufp“ ;fd'bflos jgdf nfu]sf] 89]nf]n]

c:ktfndf la/fdLsf] rfk slknj:t', j}zfv !) -6f;_ . t/fO{df udL{ a9];Fu} slknj:t'l:yt tf}lnxjf c:ktfndf cfpg] lj/fdLsf] rfk a9]sf] 5 . tf}lnxjf lhNnf c:ktfndf udL{sf sf/0f clxn] ljleGg /f]uaf6 kLl8t eO{ pkrf/ ug{ cfpg] la/fdLsf] ;+Vof cl3kl5 eGbf bf]Aa/ ePsf] xf] . cl3 kl5 b}lgs ;/b/ %) b]lv *) cfpg] la/fdLsf] ;+Vof udL{;Fu} xfn cfP/ ;/b/ ;ob]lv 8]9;o;Dd /x]sf] c:ktfnn] hgfPsf] 5 . udL{n] ubf{ lhNnf c:ktfndf cfpg] clwsf+z la/fdLdf emf8f kvfnf, Hj/f], 6fOkmfO8 hlG8;nufot /x]sf] tf}lnxjf lhNnf c:ktfnsf lrlsT;s 8fS6/ ktfn lu/Lsf] egfO 5 . udL{n] ;a}eGbf a9L afnaflnsf, dlxnf, j[4j[4f k|efljt ag]sf 5g\ . udL{sf sf/0faf6 x'g ;Sg] /f]usf] ;+qmd0faf6 aRg lrlsT;sn] ;j{;fwf/0fnfO{ af;L ;8]un]sf] vfgf gvfg, cTolws kfgL lkpg udL{df ;8sdf lxF88'n gug{;d]t ;'emfa lbPsf 5g\ .

wfld{s:ynsf] cl:tTj nf]k x'Fb} dxf]Q/L, j}zfv !) . dxf]Q/L lhNnfsf clt k|frLg P]ltxfl;s / k'/ftflTjs dxŒjsf wfld{s:ynsf] cl:tTj g} nf]k x'g] l:ylt b]lvPsf] 5 . ;d'lrt ;+/If0f / dd{t;Def/ gx'Fbf lhNnfsf k|l;4 wfld{s:yn dfl;P/ cl:tTjnf]k x'g] l:ylt ag]sf] xf] . lhNnfsf] k8f}n uflj;l:yt sfl/v dxf/fh:yfg, e+ufxf–^ l;4k'/l:yt >L l;4gfy dxfb]j dlGb/, /fd;Ltfsf] ljjfxdf j]bL -ljjfx d08k_ agfpg df6f] vlgPsf] 7fpF dl6xfgL:yfg, /fdfo0fsfns} g]qxLg lkt[dfq[eQm >j0fs'df/sf afa'cfdf a:g] 7fpF dflgPsf] au8f–( l:yt cGwfcGwL:yfg / agf}nLbgf}nLl:yt d}lynL efiffsf dxfslj ljBfkltsf] lsNnf dflgPsf] ljBfklt u9 ;d'lrt ;Def/ / ;+/If0fsf] cefjdf cl:tTj g} nf]k x'g] l:yltdf k'u]sf 5g\ . lhNnfsf] ;'Gb/k'/ uflj;sf] du/yfgfl:yt d+ungfy dxfb]j dlGb/ ;+/If0f / ;Da4{g gkfpFbf ca v08x/h:t} alg;s]sf] ;f]xL ufpFsf #) jifL{o o'jf rGbs'df/ ofbjn] la/lQmFb} atfP . ebf} / sflQsafx]s jif{el/s} ;f]daf/ / z'qmaf/ bz{gfy{L{sf] 3'OFrf] nfUg] sfl/v dxf/fh:yfg clxn] ?U0f cj:yfdf k'u]sf] 5 .

vf;u/L ;f]daf/ / z'qmaf/sf lbg ;of}+sf] ;+Vofsf af]sf aln lbOg] ;f] :yfgdf e]6Lsf] /sd cfkm"n] /fVg kfpg'kg{] b'O{ kIfaLrsf] lsrnf]n] pu|¿k lnFbf dlGb/kl/;/sf] ;Def/ Pj+ Joj:yfkgsf] sfd cf]em]ndf k/]sf] ;f] ufpFsf kfsf ;fdflhs sfo{stf{ c3g' kf;jfg atfpF5g\ . To;}u/L /ft' / a8xl/ gbLsf] ;+uddf /x]sf] clt k|frLg l;4gfy dxfb]j dlGb/ b'j} gbLsf] af9Lsf] rk]6fdf k/]/ 9Ng] cj:yfdf k'u]sf] l;4k'/ a:tLsf #% jifL{o o'jf z+s/ ;fxn] atfP . To;}u/L otf g]kfn–ef/t ;LdfIf]q;Fu} cjl:yt lhNnfsf] dl6xfgL ufpF /fdfo0fsfnLg hg>'ltsf s}of}+ pbfx/0f;Fu hf]l8Fb} cfPsf] eP klg o;sf] ;Def/df s'g} lgsfon] rf;f] glbPsf] ;f] uflj;sf lgjt{dfg cWoIf hos'df/ rf}w/Ln] atfP . tLg bzs klxn];Dd b]zsf s'gfsfKrfsf ljBfy{L{ lzIff cfh{g ug{ cfpg] dxfd'lg of1jNSo / d7sf] ;+o'Qm gfddf :yflkt g]kfn ;+:s[t ljZjljBfno -tTsfnLg dx]Gb| ;+:s[t ljZjljBfno_ cGtu{t :yflkt of1jNSo nIdLgf/fo0f ljBfkL7 -:gfts SofDk;_ / ;+:s[t dfWolds ljBfnodf ca aflx/L ljBfy{L{sf] ;+Vof :jfQ} 36]sf] 5 .

;LdfIf]qdf x'g] u'08fub{L{sf 36gfaf6 c;'/Iff efj, ljBfno / ljBfkL7sf] Joj:yfksLo nfk/afxL / yk cfsif{0f s]xL lbg g;Sbf k9\g cfpg] ljBfy{L{sf] ;+Vof 36]sf] ToxfFsf ;fdflhs Pj+ /fhgLlts sfo{stf{ /fhlszf]/ d08n atfpF5g\ . Ps bzscl3;Dd % ;osf] xf/fxf/Ldf /xg] u/]sf] ljBfy{L{ ;+Vof clxn] lgoldt k7gkf7gdf ! ;oeGbf tn em/]sf] ;+:s[t dfWolds ljBfnosf k|wfgfWofks O{Zj/Lk|;fb kf}8]nn] :jLsf/ u/] . lhNnfsf] dWojQ{L{ If]q au8fl:yt cGwfcGwL:yfgdf /x]sf] k'/ftflTjs dxŒjsf] tnfp k'l/Fb} uP/ afFemf] hUufdf kl/0ft x'Fbf klg s;}n] Wofg glbPsf] ToxfFsf afl;Gbfn] atfPsf 5g\ . otf ldlynf snf ;+:s[ltsf pGgfos Pj+ d}lynL efiffsf dxfslj ljBfkltsf] lsNnf dflgg] dxfslj ljBfklt u9sf] ;Def/df st}af6 gb]vfOFbf ;f] P]ltxfl;s lsNnf ca v08x/ aGg] qmddf k'u]sf] ;f]xL ufpFsf afl;Gbf Pj+ k];fn] ;~rf/sdL{ gjLg lk|obzL{sf] egfO 5 . o;afx]s clxn];Dd h]gt]g cfkm\gf] cl:tTj wflg/x]sf] ;b/d'sfdl:yt hn]Zj/gfy dxfb]j dlGb/, 6'6]Zj/gfy

dxfb]j dlGb/, k~rw'/f dfO{:yfg, ef]Onl:yt ;f]gfdfO{ dlGb/, cflbzlQm kL7 dflgg] hn]Zj/l:yt ;G;f/L dfO{ dlGb/ / hn]Zj/s} k|l;4 /fhb]jL dfO{{ dlGb/sf] ;+/If0fsf nflu of]hgfa4 sfd gx'Fbf oL ;a}sf] Joj:yfkg cToGt gfh's b]lvFbf] 5 . wfld{s:ynsf gfpFdf ljleGg ;+:yfn] ljleGg lgsfoaf6 /sd NofP/ cfkm}+ df:g] k|j[lQ df}nfPkl5 :yfgLojf;Ln] dtna /fVg 5f8]sf lhNnfdf cfd l6Kk0fL ;'lgFbf] 5 . cfd ¿kdf :yfgLojf;Ln] ;Def/df rf;f] b]vfpg 5f8]kl5 wfld{s:ynsf] cj:yf bogLo x'Fb} uPsf] lhNnfs} cgsf/– * sf afl;Gbf cjsfzk|fKt pk;lrj &^ jifL{o dx]Zj/ /fon] atfP . a[xQ/ hgsk'/ If]q ljsf; kl/ifb\sf cWoIf /fds'df/ zdf{n] lhNnfsf wfld{s:ynsf] ;+/If0f, ;Da4{gsf nflu ;Da4 ;a} kIf;Fu ;dGjo eO/x]sf] atfPsf 5g\ . otf lhNnfsf lgldQ k|d'v lhNnf clwsf/L s[i0fk|;fb vgfnn] klg wfld{s:ynsf] ;+/If0fsf] gfpFdf ljleGg lgsfo / ;+:yfaf6 /sd NofP/ sfd gug]{x¿af/] 5fglag ;'? ePsf] hfgsf/L lbP . -/f;;_

^ 3/ hn] slknj:t', j}zfv !) -6f;_ . a'waf/ rn]sf] xfjfx'/Ln] lbpF;f] slknj:t'l:yt sf]kjf * v'6]gL ufpFdf cfunfuL x'Fbf ^ j6f 3/ hn]sf 5g\ . vfgf ksfpg] sf]7faf6 cfuf] p8\bf a'waf/ lbpF;f] cGbfhL @ ah] :yfgLo u+ufaxfb'/ u'?ªsf] efG;f 3/af6 cfunfuL ;'? ePsf] xf] . k|x/Lsf cg';f/ cTolws xfjfx'/Lsf sf/0f u'?ªsf] efG;f 3/af6 cfuf] ;lNsFbf !& nfv a9Lsf] Iflt ePsf] Onfsf k|x/L sfof{no sf]kjfsf k|x/L lg/LIfs uf]ljGbk|;fb rf}w/Ln] atfP . cfunfuLaf6 a~r/] vf]nfaf6 lgsflnPsf] k]lN6«;]6sf] n]jfb]lv ?dfnf;Ddsf] tf/ hNbf ufp“df ljB't\ cj?4 ePsf] :yfgLo klGy lg/f}nfn] hfgsf/L lbP . 89]nf]n] /f]oN6Ldf sfl6Psf] lr/fgL sf7 tyf sf6\gsf nflu 9flnPsf] ¿v / sf7;d]t gi6 agfPsf] 5 . 89]nf]n] dfSkf– & / * df NofOPsf] xªvf]nf d'xfg ePsf] vfg]kfgLsf] kfOk klg 89]sf] lg/f}nfsf] egfO 5 . ut ;f]daf/b]lv nfu]sf] 89]nf] k|x/L / :yfgLojf;Lsf] lg/Gt/ k|of;df a'waf/ lgoGq0fdf cfPsf] 5 . ptf, blÔ0fL uflj; l;dkfgL–# sf] a/]{df ;f]daf/b]lv nfu]sf] 89]nf] lgoGq0faflx/ uPsf] 5 . ufp“tkm{ cfp“b} u/]sf] 89]nf] lgoGq0fdf lnOP klg ;fd'bflos jgsf] aLr efudf nfu]sf] 89]nf] lgoGq0faflx/ uPsf] :yfgLo

3/df /x]sf vfBfGg, nQfsk8f ;a} hn]/ gi6 ePsf] cfunfuLkLl8t kljqf e§/fO{sf] u'gf;f] 5 . cfunfuLaf6 kLl8t ag]sf rsf]{ udL{;Fu} v'nf cfsfzd'lg a:g afWo 5g\ . :yfgLo afl;Gbf, g]kfn k|x/L, ;z:q k|x/Lsf] ;lqmotfdf cfuf] @ 306f kl5 lgoGq0fdf cfPkl5 dfq bdsn 36gf :yn k'u]sf] lyof] . Pp6f dfq bdsn ;~rfng eP klg slknj:t'df ePsf @ j6f bdsn dd{t x'g g;Sbf o; jif{ dfq cfunfuLaf6 8]9 s/f]8 a9Lsf] gf]S;fg ePsf] 5 .

lzv/ vltj8fn] hfgsf/L lbP . ;fn / ;Nnfsf] 3gf h+undf ;'s]sf] kft klt+u/ a9L ePsfn] 89]nf] lgoGq0fdf lng g;lsPsf] :yfgLon] atfPsf 5g\ . o:t}, af;kfgLsf] Ps ;fd'bflos jgdf nfu]sf] 89]nf] klg lgoGq0f aflx/ uPsf] 5 . To;}u/L c3f{vfFrLsf] l;4f/fl:yt r'/] /fli6«o jgdf ljut Ps dlxgfb]lv nfu]sf] cfuf] lgoGq0fdf cfPsf] 5}g . slknj:t'sf] dx]Gb|sf]6 uflj;b]lv pQ/df kg]{ c3f{vfF+rLsf] l;4f/fl:yt r'/] /fli6«o jgdf ljut Ps dlxgfb]lv nfu]sf] cfuf] lgoGq0f x'g ;s]sf] 5}g . cTolws udL{;Fu} rn]sf] xfjfx'/Lsf sf/0f ckl/lrt JolQmn] jgIf]qdf cfuf] nufOlbPsfn] cfunfuL ePsf] xf] . c3f{vfFrL, slknj:t'

l;dfgfsf ;fd'bflos / /fli6«o jgdf x/]s jif{ udL{ l;hg;Fu} df}jfnufotsf af]6sf] km"n l6KgnfO{ :yfgLon] cfuf] nufpg] u/]sf] jg sfof{nosf] bfaL 5 . s]xL JolQmsf] nf/afxLsf sf/0f x/]s jif{ udL{ofddf cfunfuLaf6 jgdf /x]sf ;of}+ ;fgf af]6lj?jf, ax'd"No hl8a'6L gi6 x'g] u/]sf 5g\ eg] hLjhGt'nfO{ ;d]t ;d:of k/]sf] slknj:t' dx]Gb|sf]6sf Zofdk|;fb e';fnsf] egfO 5 . c3f{vfFrLsf] ;b/d'sfdb]lv blIf0fdf kg]{ l;4f/fsf] r'/] /fli6«o jgdf nfu]sf] cfuf] lgoGq0fdf :yfgLon] k|of; u/] klg ;|f]t / ;fwgsf] cefjdf lgoGq0f x'g ;s]sf] 5}g . ljut Ps dlxgfb]lv nfu]sf] cfuf] lgoGq0fsf nflu lhNnf jg sfof{no c3f{vfFrLaf6 7f]; sbd grfn]sf] :yfgLosf] cf/f]k 5 .

dft[efiffsf] k9fO ;'? x'g ;s]g afFs], j}zfv !) . afFs]df cem};Dd klg dft[efiffsf] k9fO ;'? x'g ;s]sf] 5}g . cfjZos kf7\ok':ts gx'Fbf / cTofjZos ;|f]t;fwgsf] cefjn] dft[efiffsf] k7gkf7g x'g g;s]sf] xf] . ;fgf;fgf gfgLx¿nfO{ dft[efiffdf lzIff lbFbf ;lhn};Fu a'em\g] ePsfn] /fHon] lzIff lgodfjnLnfO{ kl/dfh{g u/L lzIff lgodfjnL @)%( df clgjfo{ dft[efiffsf] k9fO nfu" ug'{kg]{

lgod agfPsf] 5 . :yfgLo efiffsf] afx'Notf ePsf :yfgdf dft[efiffdf lzIff lbg] / lng kfpg] gLlt /fHon] lnP klg k|efjsf/L kf7\ok':ts tof/ x'g g;Sbf ;d:of cfPsf] atfOPsf] 5 . yf¿ / dw];L ;d'bfosf] afx'Notf ePsf ljBfnodf ;d]t kf7\ok':ts cefjn] dft[efiffsf] lzIff nfu" ug{ g;lsPsf] ljBfnox¿n] atfPsf 5g\ .

lzIff sfof{non] eg] ljBfnox¿n] rf;f] glbPsf sf/0f dft[efiffsf] k9fO ;~rfngdf ;d:of ePsf] hgfPsf] 5 . ;f] sfof{nosf of]hgf clws[t dgk|;fb /]UdLn] dft[efiffsf] k9fOsf nflu lzIfsx¿nfO{ tflnd lbP klg ljBfnox¿n] vf;} kxn gu/]sf] atfP . lhNnfdf cjlw efiffsf] kf7\oqmd tof/ eP/ klg ljleGg sf/0fn] nfu" x'g g;s]sf] xf] . -/f;;_

/fd]5fk ;dfrf/ ^@ afn>ldssf] k'gM PsLs/0f ljut $ jif{b]lv /f]huf/bftf;Fu al;/x]sf 3/]n' afn>ldsx¿sf] kl/jf/df k'gM PsLs/0fsf] sfd ub}{ cfPsf] ;[hgzLn o'jf ;dfh lr;fkfgLn] xfn;Dd ^@ hgf afnaflnsfx¿nfO{ pgLx¿sf] kl/jf/df k'gM PsLs/0f u/fPsf] 5 . /fd]5fk / ;'gf/kfgL uflj;df k|ToIf / cGo uflj;df ck|ToIf ¿kdf l;lj; g]kfnsf] cfly{s ;xof]udf kl/of]hgfdfkm{t sfd ub{} cfPsf] pQm ;+:yfn] !% uflj;sf @) hgf afns / $@ hgf aflnsfnfO{ pgLx¿sf] kl/jf/df k'gM PsLs/0f ul/Psf] xf] . ;+:yfn] xfn;Dd /fd]5fk uflj;sf !$, ;'gf/kfgLsf !!, ;fn' uflj;sf !, s7hf]/ uflj;sf %, ufunebf}/] !# uflj;, kmk'{ uflj;sf @, z'sfhf]/ !, j]tfnL uflj;sf #, lr;fkfgL uflj;sf #, vfF8fb]jL uflj;sf @, km'nf;L uflj;sf !, ks/jf; uflj;sf @, en'jfhf]/ / b]p/fnL uflj;sf !! / bf]nvfsf # hgf u/L s'n ^@ hgf afnaflnsfnfO{ pgLx¿sf] kl/jf/df PsLs/0f u/]sf] ;+:yfsf] tYof+sdf pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 .

ljsf;sf nflu dxfo1 lhNnfsf] P]ltxfl;s dlGb/sf] ¿kdf kl/lrt k'/fgfufpF ufpF ljsf; ;ldltdf cjl:yt :yfgfklt dxfb]j dlGb/kl/;/df >Ldb\ efujt\ dxfo1 ;~rfng ul/g] ePsf] 5 . cTolws dfqfdf >4fn' eQmhgx¿sf] hd36 x'g] afx'gr'/f dxfb]j dlGb/ / To; cf;kf;sf] If]qnfO{ ko{6g ljsf; tyf lxGb" / af}4dfuL{x¿sf] ;+ud:ynsf] ¿kdf ljsf; ug{ p2]Zon] :yfgLo cu'jf s [i0faxfb'/ af]xf]/fsf] kxndf pQm :yfgdf cfufdL j}zfv @* ut]b]lv h]7 % ut];Dd >Ldb\efujt\ dxfo1 ;~rfng ug{ nfluPsf] xf] . dGbL/ bz{g ug]{ qmddf s/fP/ j/ dfUbf dfu]sf] j/ k"/f x'g] ljZjf;sf ;fy /fd]5fkafx]s 5d]sL lhNnf bf]nvf, l;Gw'nL, l;Gw'kfNrf]s, sfe|],

cf]vn9'+uf, ;nfxL{, dxf]Q/L / wg'iff lhNnfb]lvsf eQmhgx¿ Affnfrb'zL{, k"l0f{df, 7"nL PsfbzLnufot ljz]if kj{ / To;afx]s lbgx'Fh;f] bz{g ug{sf nflu dlGb/df u/]sf 5g\ .

afnaflnsfsf nflu kl/of]hgf ljleGg bft[x¿sf] ;xof]udf bh{gf}+ kl/of]hgf ;~rfng x'Fb} cfPsf] /fd]5fk lhNnfdf kl5Nnf]k6s OF6f e§fdf sfd ug{] afnaflnsfx¿sf nflu klg kl/of]hgf ;~rfngdf NofOPsf] 5 . cfkm\gf cfdf afa';Fu} e§fdf /xFbf pgLx¿n] afn >ldssf] ¿kdf sfd ug'{kg{] / To;/L sfd ubf{ pgLx¿sf] k7gkf7g k|efljt ePsf] / :jf:Yodf ;d]t uDeL/ c;/ k'u]sf] eGb} pgLx¿sf] cfjZos ;+/If0fsf nflu kl/of]hgf ;~rfngdf NofOPsf] xf] . afn ljsf; ;dfh sf7df8f}+sf] cu'jfO / ;]e b lrN8]gsf] cfly{s ;xof]udf g]kfnsf !% lhNnfdf ;~rfng ul/Psf] pQm kl/of]hgf /fd]5fk lhNnfsf ^ j6f uflj;df n}hfg] k|:tfj ul/Psf] 5 . cfof]hs ;+:yfn] ;b/d'sfd dGynLdf lhlj;, lhNnf lzIff sfof{no, lhNnfl:yt /fhgLlts bn tyf ltgsf k|ltlglw / ;~rf/sdL{nufot ljleGg ;/f]sf/L lgsfox¿sf] /f]xj/df lHfNnf txsf] cGtlqm{of u/L ;+:yfn] ;~rfng ug{] kl/of]hgfsf af/]df afn ljsf; ;dfhsf sfo{qmd ;+of]hs o'j/fh /f]sfn] hfgsf/L u/fPsf lyP . /fd]5fk lhNnfaf6 dfq jif{]gL cfkm\gf] lgoldt hLljsf]kfh{gsf nflu sl/a ! bh{g uflj;sf ;j{;fwf/0fx¿ lxpFbsf] ;dodf pkTossf ljleGg OF6f e§fdf hfg] u/]sf 5g\ . o;/L pgLx¿n] cfkm";Fu} lnP/ uPsf afnaflnsfx¿n] ;d]t e§f ;Fu;Fu} >d ug'{ kbf{ pgLx¿sf] k9fO k|efljt x'g'sf ;fy} :jf:Yodf ;d]t c;/ k'u]sf] eGb} afnaflnsfnfO{ To;af6 pGd'lQm lbg kl/of]hgfn] klxnf] r/0fdf k|:tfj u/]sf dWo]af6 5gf]6df k/]sf # j6f uflj;df pQm sfo{qmd ;~rfng ug{ nfu]sf] hfgsf/L klg ;f] cj;/df u/fOPsf] lyof] . — ab|L gofF3/]af6


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;z:q ;+3if{sf] sfnv08 h'g ljifaf6 ljiffQm x'g g;s]sf] ;dfh dw]; ljb|f]xsf] qmddf ;dfh ljiffQm x'g k'u]sf] lyof] . lgM;Gb]x Tof] ;dfhsf] sNkgf s'g} klg ;dfhsf cfddflg;n] rfx]sf lyPgg\ / 5g\ klg . t/ Tof] ljif g]kfnsf] ;du| ;dfhdf yf]/ax't To; qmddf k;]s} 5 . To:tf] x'g glbgs} nflu ;+3Lotf To;sf] klxnf] zt{ x'g k'u]sf] 5 . x'g t ;+3Lotflj/f]wL zlQm ;+ljwfg;ef 5}gg\ eg] xf]Og\, 5g\ t/ ltgsf] ;du| zlQm cf}krfl/s ¿kdf 3f]lift ;+3Lotf kIfw/ zlQmx¿sf] t'ngfdf Go"g 5 . csf]{tkm{ ;+3Lotf kIfw/ zlQmx¿ ;+ljwfg;ef aflx/ klg /x]sf 5g\ . rfx] tL hok|sfz u'Ktf x'g\ jf ;z:q ;+3if{df ;lqmo hos[i0f uf]Ot, Hjfnf l;+x jf xfn dw];df b]vf k/]sf 8f= ;Ls] /fpt xf]pmg\\ . dw];df oL zlQmx¿ dw];Lx¿sf] clwsf/ ;'lglZrt u/fpgsf nflu ;lqmo /x]sf 5g\ . clwsf/ s'lNrFb} uP / clwsf/ k|flKtsf] zflGtk"0f{ cfjfh bafOFb} uP To;sf] clGtd kl/0flt xltof/aGb cfGbf]ng g} x'G5 / xf] . h;sf] pbfx/0f g]kfnd} ;z:q ;+3if{sf] 3fp tfh} 5 . csf]{tkm{, ;+o'Qm /fi6«;+3n] klg clwsf/sf nflu ljb|f]xsf] clwsf/ ;'lglZrt u/]sf] 5 . o:tf] cj:yfdf dw];df ;+ljwfg;ef aflx/ /x]sf bnx¿sf] cfjfhnfO{ ;+ljwfg;efn] ;Daf]wg u5{ jf ub}{g Tof] dxŒjk"0f{ ljifo xf] . ;+ljwfg;efn] jt{dfgaf6 sDtLdf %) jif{ / ;o jif{ cufl8;Ddsf åGåx¿nfO{ ;dfwfg ug]{ ;fx; ug'{kg]{5 . o;sf] ;dfwfg 6fn6'n] ug{ vf]h] ;z:q ;+3if{ / dw]; ljb|f]x b'j}sf 3fpx¿ alNemg]df z+sf 5}g . /fhgLlts bnsf g]tfx¿n] lbPsf cleJolQmx¿ To:t} 5g\ . ;+ljwfg;efsf] lgjf{rgfdf hfFbf :yfgLo lgjf{rgsf] Ph]08f lnP/ uPsf] / Tof] Ph]G8f k"/f ug{ :yfgLo lgjf{rg ug'{k/]sf] ts{ cl3 ;fg]{ ul/Psf] 5 . of] d]n vfg] s'/f] xf]Og . of] le8Gt vf]Hg] lgx'F xf] . lgM;Gb]x

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g} dfGg] xf] eg] uPsf] !% lbgd} ;~rf/dfWoddf ;fj{hlgs ePsf cfunfuLsf ;dfrf/ ;+sng ug]{ xf] eg] s/f]8f}+sf] ;DklQ gi6 eO;s]sf] 5 eg] dw];sf] sltko 7fpF slt hgfn] Hofg;d]t u'dfO;s]sf] 5 . o; tYoaf6 /fHokIfsf] cgle1tfn] cfZro{rlst t'NofOPsf] 5 . o;af/] ;/sf/n] plrt /fxt sfo{qmd ;~rfng u/]sf] b]lvPsf] 5}g . kmf6km'6 ¿kdf s]xL ;+3;+:yfx¿n] kLl8t kIfx¿nfO{ /fxt k|bfg u/] klg Tof] kof{Kt xf]Og . jif]{gL x'g] o:tf k|fs[lts k|sf]ksf nflu ;/sf/n] lgoldt sf]ifsf] Joj:yf ug'{kg]{ x'G5 . t/, To:tf] u/]sf] kfOPsf] 5}g . eP klg To;sf] plrt Joj:yfkg ePsf] kfOFb}g . cfunfuL ePkl5 l;+uf] kl/jf/ ;8sdf cfOk'U5 . p;sf] ;Dk"0f{ b}lgsL gi6 eO;s]sf] x'G5 . To:tf]df /fHon] p;nfO{ tTsfn /fxt ;xof]u pknAw u/fpg k'U5 eg] aNn /fHosf] ;fGble{stf sfod x'g k'U5 . t/, To:tf] ePsf] b]lvPsf] 5}g . s]xL ;+3;+:yfx¿n] s]xL ;xof]u u/]sf] b]lvP klg /fHo;+oGq k"0f{¿kdf pbf;Lg ePsf] kfOG5 cyjf /fxt pknAw u/fpg] /fHo;+oGq tLj|ultdf ;lqmo x'g'kg]{ To;f] b]lvg'sf] ;f6f] /fHo a]k/jfx ePsf] b]lvPsf] 5 . /fHosf] of] a]jf:tfkg dw];sf nflu gf}nf] xf]Og . /fHokIfn] slxNo} klg dw];sf nflu Gofof]lrt Joj:yf u/]sf] Oltxf; g} 5}g . dw];sf] ef]6 rflxG5 t/, ef]6/ rflxFb}g . dw];af6 s/ rflxG5 t/, dw];df plrt ah]6 lbFb}g . o:tf sof}+ HjnGt pbfx/0fx¿ 5g\ . dw];;Fu /fHon] hlxn] klg ;f}t]gL Jojxf/ ub}{ cfO/x]sf] 5 . csf]{tkm{, dw];s]lGb|t bnx¿ dw];L hgtfsf] 3fpdf g'gr's nufpg yfn]sf 5g\ . pgLx¿sf u}/lhDd]jf/k"0f{ cleJolQm ;fj{hlgs ePsf] kfOG5 . km];a'ssf] Ps pbfx/0fdf dw];s]lGb|t /fhgLlts bnsf Ps 7"nf g]tfn] dw];Lx¿n] cfkm"x¿nfO{

lgjf{rgdf yf]/} dt lbPsf], w]/} dt lbg] /fhgLlts bnsf] b}nfdf hfg kg]{ cleJolQm lbPkl5 dw];L hgtf b'MvL ePsf 5g\ . hgtf ;fj{ef}d x'G5 . Tof] ljifosf] 1fg g/fVg] /fhgLlts bnsf g]tfx¿n] /fhgLlt ug{ 5f8] x'g] ef] . dw];s]lGb|t bn / ltgsf g]tfx¿n] o:tf u}//fhgLlts cleJolQm lbg 5f8]/ cfunfuL, af9L, v8]/Lh:tf k|fs[lts k|sf]ksf ;DaGwdf dw];sf] lxtdf s] s:tf] Joj:yf ;/sf/n] u/]sf] 5, Tof] Joj:yfkg ;+oGq s:tf] 5, o;af/] rf;f] dfq} xf]Og /fxt ljt/0fsf] ;xh k|lqmof lgwf{/0f u/fpg'kg]{ sfo{ k"/f ug'{k5{ . dw];s]lGb|t /fhgLlts bnsf g]tfx¿n] dw];sf ljleGg If]qdf aUg] gbL, xfjfkfgL, ef}uf]lns cj:yfh:tf ljifodf 7f]; cjwf/0ff to u/L To;sf] sfof{Gjogtkm{ cufl8 a9\g'kg]{ 5 . lgM;Gb]x sltko ljifo ;+ljwfg;Fu hf]l8Psf x'g ;S5g\ t/, ltgsf] cGtl/d k|fjwfg ;/sf/sf] b}lgs sfo{ bfloTjleq /fv]/ cufl8 a9fpg ;lsG5 . o:tf uxg ljifodf dw];s]lGb|t bn / ltgsf g]tfx¿n] ljz]if Wofg lbg'kg]{5 . cfunfuLsf] df};ddf cfunfuLsf] /f]syfdsf] plrt k|aGw / cfunfuL eOxfn] kLl8t kl/jf/nfO{ pknAw u/fOg] /fxtsf]if / ltgsf] ljt/0fh:tf ljifo ljz]if dxŒjsf x'G5g\ . ljsl;t /fi6«n] ul/a b]zsf nflu k|fs[lts k|sf]kdf ;xof]u ug{ ;xof]u sf]if 5'6\ofPsf x'G5g\ . o:tf sf]if cGoq vlr{g gx'g] dfGotfdf tL b]zx¿ x'G5g\ . xfn} s]xL dlxgf cl3 a]nfotdf cfPsf] af9Laf6 kLl8tx¿nfO{ ljb]zL ;xof]usf] /flzaf6 ;xof]u ug'{kg]{ dfunfO{ ToxfFsf k|wfgdGqLn] c:jLsf/ u/]sf lyP . o:tf] k|lta4tf dw];sf If]qx¿df cfOkg]{ k|fs[lts k|sf]ksf kLl8tx¿sf] /fxtsf nflu ug'{kg]{ cfjZostf oxfFsf ;/sf/ / g]tfx¿df x'g'kg]{ x'G5 . dw];sf ;jf{lws af9L x'g] If]q, cfunfuL x'g] If]q, v8]/L x'g] If]qsf] klxrfg u/L ToxfF To;sf] /f]syfd / To;af6 aRg ;Sg] pkfo;DaGwL ;+oGq a9L lqmofzLn¿kdf t}gfy ug'{kg]{ cfjZostf uPsf] kGw|lbg] cfunfuLn] b]vfPsf] 5 . oxL cfunfuLaf6 cGo k|sf]ksf] c;/nfO{ Go"gLs/0f ug'{kg]{ Jojxf/ ckgfpg' a'l4dfgL 7xb}{g / <

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ljw]osdf /flvg' pko'Qm x'G5 . dfcf]jfbLn] rnfPsf] !) jif{] åGåsfndf /fHo kIf / tTsfnLg ljb|f]xL kIfaf6 w]/} JolQmx¿ a]kQf kfl/Psf 5g\ . a]kQf kfl/Psf JolQmx¿nfO{ dfcf]jfbL / /fHo kIfn] ;d]t xTof u/]sf] x'g' ;S5 . olb pgLx¿ hLljt lyP eg] clxn];Dd kl/jf/sf] ;Dks{df cfO;Sg] lyP . pgLx¿ ;Dks{df gcfPsf x'gfn] pgLx¿sf] klxnf g} xTof ePsf] x'g ;Sg] ;Defjgf /x]sf] 5 . lgbf]{if JolQmnfO{ ckx/0f u/]/ jf b'j} kIfn] ;'/fsLsf] gfddf ckx/0f u/]/ xTof u/]sf] x'g ;Sg] ePsf] x'gfn] xTofdf ;+nUg ePsf JolQmx¿sf] klxrfg u/]/ cfjZos sf/afxLsf nflu l;kmfl/; ug{ ;s]sf] v08 dfq a]kQf kfl/Psf JolQmx¿sf] vf]hlag cfof]usf] cf}lrTo /xg ;S5 . åGåsfndf tTsfnLg ;z:q Pdfcf]jfbLn] w]/} JolQmx¿nfO{ a]kQf kf/]sf] x'g ;S5 . To;sf] kl5Nnf] pbfx/0f xf], uf]/vf km'h]nsf s[i0fk|;fb clwsf/Lsf] ck/x0f kl5 xTof . dfcf]jfbLn] nfdf] ;do;Dd clwsf/Lsf] cfkm\gf] kf6L{n] xTof gu/]sf] eGb} ;dfrf/ k|sflzt ug{]x¿k|lt cfklQ hgfPsf] lyof] . t/ ;To cflv/ ;To g} x'G5, ;TonfO{ s]xL ;do n'sfpg ;lsP klg Ps lbg ;To v'N5 g} . cGttM clwsf/Lsf] xTof kf6L{sf] cfb]zcg';f/ u/]sf] xTofdf ;+nUg ePsf elgPsf JolQmx¿n] :jLsf/ u/]sf 5g\ . clwsf/L s'g} ;'/fsL / åGådf ;+nUg gePsf / pgL cfkm\gf xh'/a'afnfO{ e]6\g lrtjg uPsf lyP . ltg} clwsf/LnfO{ dfcf]jfbLsf] ;'/fsL u/]sf] cf/f]k nufpFb} ckx/0f u/]/ xTof ul/Psf] x'gfn] xTofdf ;+nUg ePsf JolQmx¿nfO{ ;To lg¿k0f tyf d]nldnfk cfof]un] sf/afxLsf nflu ;/sf/nfO{ lbPsf] l;kmfl/;cg';f/ ;/sf/n] cfkm\gf] sfg'gL ;Nnfxsf/ dxfGofofwLjQmfnfO{ /fosf nflu k7fpg ;Sg] ePsf] / dxfGofofwLjQmf h'g kf6L{n] ;/sf/sf] g]t[Tj u5{ ToxL kf6L{sf] JolQm x'g] ePsf] x'gfn] dxfGofofwLjQmfn]

;To lg¿k0f tyf d]nldnfk cfof]u ;a} ck/fwLx¿nfO{ Ifdfbfg lbg u7g ul/Psf] xf]Og eg] To;n] kLl8tnfO{ Gofo lbg ;Sg' k5{, gq eg] To;sf] cf}lrTo /xFb}g . d'2f rNg g;Sg] /fo;d]t lbg ;Sg] cj:yf cfpg]] ePsf] x'gfn] cfof]un] lbPsf l;kmfl/; cg';f/ dxfGofofwLjQmfn] clgjfo{ ¿kdf d'2f rnfpg} kg]{ Joj:yf ljw]osdf /flvg' pko'Qm x'g]5 . cfkm\gf 5f]/fsf xTof/fnfO{ sfg'gL sf/afxLsf] dfu ub}{ clGtdk6s jL/ c:ktfnsf] z}øof !^ / !& df /x]/ ;+3if{ ul//x]sf s[i0fk|;fb clwsf/Lsf a'afcfdf gGbk|;fb / u+ufdfof clwsf/Ln] cfd/0f cg;g a;]sf] ^ dlxgf gfl3;s]sf] 5 . pgLx¿sf] ;+3if{n] ubf{ dfcf]jfbLx¿nfO{ 7"n} wSsf k'u]sf] 5 . clwsf/L bDktLsf] tk:ofnfO{ s'g} pkfo ubf{ klg e+u ug{ g;s]kl5 b'j} dfcf]jfbLn] zflGt k|lqmofsf] b'xfO{ lbg yfn]sf 5g\ . cfkm\g} d"n kf6L{nfO{ ljeflht u/L gofF kf6L{ agfPsf Pdfcf]jfbLsf tTsfnLg jl/i7 pkfWoIf df]xg j}B g]skf–dfcfjfbLsf] kf6L{ cWoIf ePkl5 clwsf/L bDktLsf] tk:ofnfO{ ;dfwfg ug]{tkm{ nfUg'eGbf åGåsfndf ePsf 36gfnfO{ Ao"FtfP/ cfkm\gf sfo{stf{nfO{ h]n xfNg] k|of; sf+u|];, Pdfn]sf] ;/sf/n] u/] cfkm"x¿n] åGåsfnsf] hgcbfnt Ao'FtfP/ sf+u|];–Pdfn]sf g]tfx¿nfO{ sf/afxL ug]{ wDsL lbg yfn]sf 5g\ . t;y{ pgLx¿ åGåsfndf ePsf h3Go ck/fw, n'6kf6, xTof, anfTsf/h:tf d'2f gp7"g eGg] rflx/x]sf] :jtM k|dfl0ft x'G5 . åGåsfndf ePsf h3Go ck/fw / dfgjclwsf/ xggsf ljifodf g]kfnsf] k|rlnt sfg'gcg';f/ sf/afxL gePsf] v08df To:tf] cf/f]k nfu]sf JolQmx¿ cGt/f{li6«o sfg'gcg';f/ ljZjsf h'g;'s} d'n'sdf ;d]t kqmfp kg{

;S5g\ eGg] k|dfl0ft t g]kfnL ;]gfsf s0f]{ns'df/ nfdfnfO{ a]nfot ;/sf/n] kqmfp u/]/ h]n xfNg'n] g} k|dfl0ft ePsf] 5 . dfgjclwsf/ xggsf ljifox¿ s'g} Ps b]zsf nflu dfq x'g ;Sb}g, dfgjclwsf/ xgg ug]{ JolQm rfx] hf];'s} x'g\ pgLx¿nfO{ ;DalGwt b]zsf] k|rlnt sfg'gcg';f/ sf/afxL u/]sf] v08df To:tf JolQmx¿ cGt/f{li6«o sfg'gcg';f/ klg Pp6} d'2fdf b'O{k6s sf/afxLsf] efuLbf/ x'g'gkg]{ ePsf] x'gfn] pgLx¿ ;'/lIft /xg ;S5g\ . t/ d]nldnfksf] gfddf kLl8tnfO{ Gofo lbg'sf] ;§f kL8snfO{ pGd'lQm lbg], kLl8tnfO{ wDSofP/ jf kmsfP/ Ifdfbfg lbg nufpg] sfo{ cfof]un] u/]df Tof] csf]{ h3Go ck/fw x'g ;Sg] / cfof]udf /x]sf JolQmx¿ s'g} kf6L{;Fu ;Da4 gePsf x' g ' k5{ . cfof] u s' g } kf6L{ s f sfo{ s tf{ n fO{ hflu/ v' j fpg] ynf] dfq ag] s f] v08df To:tf] cfof] u n] s' g } ;d:ofsf] ;dfwfg ug{ g;Sg] / To;n] kLl8tnfO{ g} kLl8t agfpg] ePsfn] :jtGq JolQm / lj1x¿ cfof] u df /flvg' plrt x' g ] 5 . kl5Nnf] ;dodf b'j} dfcf]jfbLsf] af]nL ldn]sf] 5 . tL clxn] Ps} 7fpFdf plePsf 5g\ . Pdfcf]jfbLn] cfkm\gf kf6L{sf sfo{stf{x¿nfO{ if8\oGqk"j{s km;fpg vf]h]sf] eGb} km'h]n 36gfsf ;DaGwdf cfjfh p7fpg' :jfefljs eP klg g]skf–dfcf]jfbLnfO{ eg] Tof] clwsf/ 5}g . g]skf–dfcf]jfbLn] zflGt k|lqmofsf] ;du|tfnfO{ c:jLsf/ ub}{ kf6L{ g} ljeflht u¥of] . nf]stGqnfO{ ;+:yfut ug]{ eg]/ ul/Psf] ;+ljwfg;efsf] lgjf{rg g}

alxisf/ ub}{ lgjf{rg efF8\g] sfo{df pm ;lqmo eof], lx+;fTds sfo{nfO{ p;n] r'gfjsf a]nf pTsif{df k'¥ofPsf] x'gfn] To; kf6L{sf g]tf tyf sfo{stf{x¿ olta]nf sfg'gL sf/afxL / sfg'gL s73/fdf pleg'kg]{ 8/n] ubf{ pgLx¿ zflGt k|lqmofs} lj/f]wdf nfu]sf 5g\ . Ps lsl;dn] eGbf ;To lg¿k0f tyf d]nldnfk cfo]fu u7gkZrft\ b'j} dfcf]jfbLsf g]tf tyf sfo{stf{x¿ sf/afxL / 5fglagsf bfo/fdf cfpg ;Sg] ePsf]n] pgLx¿n] zflGt k|lqmofsf] gfddf lrGtf lng' :jfefljs eP klg g]skf–dfcf]jfbLn] To; ljifodf lrGtf lng' cfZro{hgs g} /x]sf] 5 . b'j} dfcf]jfbLn] åGåsfn / åGåqmdnfO{ Ps} 7fpFdf /fv]/ x]g]{ u/]sf eP klg åGåsfn / åGåqmd eg]sf] km/skm/s x'g\ . åGåsfn eGgfn] @)%@ b]lv @)^# nfO{ hgfpF5 eg] åGåqmd eGgfn] To;a]nf ePsf cdfgjLo Jojxf/nfO{ hgfpF5 . To;a]nf åGåafx]s cGo w]/} 36gfx¿;d]t ePsf x'g ;S5g\ . åGåqmd eGgfn] 36gfqmdnfO{ dfq hgfpF5 / To;n] To;a]nf ePsf 36gfnfO{ dfq s]Gb|laGb'df /fVg] ub{5 . ;z:q åGåsfndf c¿ w]/} 36gf;d]t ePsf 5g\ . tL ;z:q lx+;f;Fu dfq hf]l8Psf 5}gg\ . h:t} ;z:q åGåsfndf ;fdGtL eGb} w]/} JolQmsf] ;DklQ, 3/hUuf n'l6Psf, sAhf ul/Psf 5g\ . xhf/f}+ JolQmx¿nfO{ 3/jf/ljxLg agfOPsf] 5, åGådf ;+nUg gePsf JolQmx¿nfO{ cg]s axfgf u/]/ ckx/0f, xTof;d]t ul/Psf] x'gfn] To:tf 36gfdf ;+nUg ePsf JolQmx¿nfO{ b"wn] g'xfP/ rf]Vofpg] sfo{ ug]{ p2]Zon]

b'j} dfcf]jfbL cl3 a9\g vf]Hg' cfkm}+df u}//fhgLlts rl/qsf] k|bz{g ug{' xf] . ;To lg¿k0f tyf d]nldnfk cfof]un] åGåqmdsf 36gfnfO{ dfq x]g{ ;S5 . åGåsfndf ePsf cGo 36gfnfO{ åGåqmddf ldnfP/ x]g{ yflnPsf] cj:yfdf To;n] s'g} ;fy{s kl/ 0ffd lbg ;Sb}g . zflGt k|lqmofsf] cy{ unt nufpFb} cl3 a9\g] xf] eg] To;n] d'n'sdf zflGt Nofpg ;Sb}g . ;To lg¿k0f tyf d]nldnfk cfof]u u7g x'g'sf] cy{ s] @)%@ b]lv @)^# d+l;/ % ut];Dd ePsf ;a} ck/fwnfO{ Ifdfbfg lbg' g} xf] t < sltko 7fpFdf JolQmut l/;OjL ;fFWg / ;DklQ sdfpg kfOg] eGb} ck/fwdf ;+nUg ePsf JolQmx¿n] dfcf]jfbLsf] ;b:otf lnPsf 5g\ . ck/fw ug{ kfOg] dg;fo /fv]/} pgLx¿n] dfcf]jfbLsf] ;b:otf lnPsf x'gfn] To:tf JolQmx¿nfO{ b'j} dfcf]jfbLx¿n] cfkm\gf] lhDd]jf/Lleq /fVg] xf] eg] b'j} dfcf]jfbLsf ;b:ox¿lj?4 hgtfn] ca cfjfh p7fpg ;S5g\ . lxhf] hgtf kLl8t lyP, lhpwgsf] 8/ lyof] . cfh lxhf]sf] eGbf cj:yf ;'lw|Psf] 5 . hgtfn] dfcf]jfbL g]tf / sfo{stf{x¿ lrlg;s]sf 5g\ . hgtfn] lxhf] dfcf]jfbLk|lt h'g e/f];f lnPsf lyP, cfh Tof] 5}g . Pdfcf]jfbLsf g]tfx¿ b'O{ b'O{hgfn] ;Qf ;Dxfln;s]sf eP klg pgLx¿sf] af]nL Jojxf/df leGgtf /x]sf] 5 . s]xL ;do klxnf g]tf 8f= afa'/fd e§/fO{n] uf]/vf km'h]nsf s[i0fk|;fb clwsf/Lsf] xTofdf ;+nUg ePsfx¿nfO{ sf/afxL gug{ ;/sf/nfO{ bafa lbFb} eg]sf lyP, ;/sf/;Fu lxDdt eP k'iksdn bfxfn / dnfO{ h]n xfn]/ b]vfOof];\ . k"j{k|wfgdGqL;d]t /x]sf JolQmsf] To:tf] cleJolQmn] s] ;+s]t ub{5 < ;To lg¿k0f tyf d]nldnfk cfof]u s] ;a} ck/fwLx¿nfO{ Ifdfbfg lbg u7g ul/Psf] xf]Og eg] To;n] kLl8tnfO{ Gofo lbg ;Sg' k5{, gq eg] To;sf] cf}lrTo /xFb}g .

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cfly{s ;d'Ggltsf nflu ljsf; g]kfnsf] b|'tt/ ultn] ljsf; ug{ s[lif If]qsf] ljsf;af6 dfq k'Ub}g . pBf]udf w]/} ljsf; ug'{ k5{ . pTkfgd"ns pBf]u wGbfx¿sf] ljsf;sf xfd|f] Oltxf; 5f]6f] / ahf/ ;Lldt 5 .

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ljleGg ljsf; / ef}uf]lns If]qx¿df /x]sf ;|f]t / ;fwgx¿sf] plrt pkof]u x'g g;sL tL If]qx¿aLr cfly{s tyf ;fdflhs c;Gt'ng a9\g' / ul/aL ljBdfg /xg' / ef}uf]lns lx;fan] s'g} If]q lgs} k5fl8 k/]sfn] To:tf If]qdf cfly{s tyf ;fdflhs k|s[ltsf ljleGg ;d:ofx¿ b]vf kg'{ If]qLo ljsf; ;Gt'ngsf ;d:of x'g\ . :yfgLo txdf ;'/Iff / ljsf; Joj:yfkgdf k|efjsf/L Nofpg, If]qLo:t/df ;dGjosf] e/kbf]{ ;+oGq tof/ ug{ cGt/ lhNnf ;dGjo ug{ :yfgLo txdf ljBdfg x'g] ;d:ofx¿sf] l56f]5l/tf] l5gfkmfgf] ug{, e|i6frf/ clgoldttf, l9nf;':tL lgoGq0f ug{ If]qLo txdf k|zf;lgs pkl:ylt bl/nf] kfg{ / gful/s k|zf;gdf k|d'vtf lbg cfjZos ePsf] b]lvG5 . t;y{ g]kfn clw/fHodf zflGt ;'Joj:yf sfod /fVg >L % sf] ;/sf/sf] gLlt, lgb] { z g sfof{ G jog ug{ , zflGt ;' / Iff sfod ug{ cxx¿aLr ;dGjo Nofpg s] G b| / Jojl:yt ug{ , If] q Lo of] h gfsf] th' { d f ug{ k| h ftGqsf] nfe cfdhgtfdf k' ¥ ofpg ljsf;df hg ;xeflutf h' 6 fpg ljsf; If] q sf] cjwf/0ff cfPsf] xf] eGg ;lsG5 . cfjlws of]hgf, ah]6, ;/sf/L gLlt tyf ;/sf/sf ljleGg dGqfnox¿sf sfd, of]hgf, gLlt, sfo{gLlt, /0fgLltaLr ;dGjo x'g' k5{ . ;/sf/n] cfkm\gf] ljsf; sfof{nodfkm{t\ vr{ u/]sf] /sdsf] pTkfbsTj ;fj{hlgs ¿kdf b]vfpg'kg]{ / ;f] gePdf tt\tt\ sfo{df ;dfj]z ePsf hgzlQmnfO{ sf/afxL ug'{ kb{5 . of]hgfx¿, cfof]hgf, cfof]hgf sfof{Gjog eP gePsf] x]g{ Pp6} dfkb08 /sd vr{ ul/of] jf ul/Pg eGg] dfq agfpg' ePg . ;DkGg cfof]hgfsf] ;fj{hlgs¿kdf pTkfbsTj dfkg u/fO{ ;kmn jf c;kmn 3f]if0ff ul/g' klg clt cfjZos 5 . ;zQmLs/0fn] g} ul/ax¿nfO{ dfly psf:g d2t ug]{ ePsf]n] a[xt\ ;'wf/sf gLltx¿df ;'wf/ ug{ cfjZos 5 . gLltx¿nfO{ ul/af]Gd'v agfpg], ul/af]Gd'v

pTkfbsTj, km/flsnf], hgtfs]lGb|t ;dGoflos cfly{s j[l4 / ljsf;df hf]8, n3' shf{ sfo{qmd, ;xsf/L sfo{qmddf hf]8 lbP/ klg ul/ax¿nfO{ ;zQmLs/0f ug{ ;lsG5 . åGån] klg ljsf;sf Ph]G8fx¿df k'glj{rf/ ug{ / e]befj/lxt gLlt, of]hgf lgdf{0f / nfu" ug{ /fd|f] cj;/ k|bfg u/]sf] 5 . ctM ;a} ju{ / txnfO{ ;dfj]z ug]{ gLlt cjnDag ug{ ;zQmLs/0f / dfgj ljsf;s} nflu cfjZos 5 . g]kfnsf] s[lif pTkfbg Jofj;flos 5}g, s]jn lgjf{xd'vL dfq 5 . clwsf+z hgtf s[lifdf cfl>t 5g\ t/ s[lifsf] of]ubfg 36\bf] 5 . To;}n] s[lif k|0ffnLdf ;'wf/ gul/sg ul/anfO{ ;zQmLs/0f ug{ / ul/aL 36fpg ;lsg] l:ylt 5}g . e"ldxLgsf nflu ljgflwtf] C0f k|fKt u/L hUufsf] :jfldTj k|fKt ug{ e"ld a}+ssf] :yfkgf ug'{ cfjZos eO;s]sf] 5 . s[lifdf Joj;foLs/0fsf nflu u|fdL0f hgtfnfO{ pTk|]l/t ug]{ jftfj/0f /fHon] ;[hgf ug'{ kb{5 . lk5l8Psf If]qdf u}/;/sf/L ;+:yfx¿sf] Go"g pkl:ylt /x]sf] x'Fbf To:tf If]qx¿df oL ;+VofnfO{ cfslif{t ug{ hf]8 lbg' k5{ . u|fdL0f If]qdf v]tLsf nflu cfjZos kg]{ gofF k|ljlwsf] Joj:yfsf nflu u|fdL0f If]qdf ljsl;t ePdf pBdLx¿sf] ;d"xnfO{ a+}lsª If]qaf6 C0f pknAw u/fpg] Joj:yf ug'{ kb{5 . u|fdL0f If]qdf Jofj;flos v]tL cyf{t\ ahf/f]Gd'v v]tL ug{ k|of]u x'g] cfjZos hUufsf] k|of]udf hldg gx'g] jf sd x'gsf] kx'Fr k'¥ofpg] Joj:yf ug{ ;/sf/n] lhNnf ljsf; / uflj;sf] ;xdltdf hUuf wgL / k|of]ustf{sf] aLr dWo:ytf ug]{ Joj:yf ug'{kg]{ b]lvG5 . ljBdfg

cj:yfdf dWo—klZrdf~rn / ;''b"/ klZrdf~rnsf kxf8 tyf lxdfnL If]qx¿, dWodf~rnsf] lxdfnL If]q tyf k"jf{~rnsf lxdfnL If]qx¿ ;fk]lIfs ¿kn] a9L lk5l8Psf 5g\ . o:tf If]qx¿df ljz]if sfo{qmdx¿ ;~rfng ul/g' cfjZos 5 . g]kfnsf] b|'tt/ ultn] ljsf; ug{ s[lif If]qsf] ljsf;af6 dfq k'Ub}g . pBf]udf w]/} ljsf; ug'{ k5{ . pTkfgd"ns pBf]u wGbfx¿sf] ljsf;sf xfd|f] Oltxf; 5f]6f] / ahf/ ;Lldt 5 . t;y{, aflx/ ahf/df xfd|f] lgof{t a9\g ;Sg] jf aflx/ ahf/sf] ;xof]uaf6 ljsf; x'g ;Sg] pBf]ux¿sf] ljsf; x'g' k5{ . :yfgLo ljsf; dGqfnoaf6 ;~rflnt cfof]hgfx¿nfO{ If]qLo sfof{nodfkm{t nfu" ul/g' kb{5 . sfo{qmdsf] lhDd]jf/L If]qLo sfof{nonfO{ lbO{ dGqfnon] gLlt lgb]{zg / cg'udg d"Nof+sgsf] sfddf cfkm\gf] e"ldsf ;lqmo agfpg' kb{5 . sfo{qmdx¿nfO{ s]Gb|Lo:t/ / lhNnf:t/ u/L b'O{ efudf ljeflht ug]{ / /fli6«o dxŒjsf sfo{qmdx¿nfO{ dGqfnon] nL8 Ph]G;Lsf] ¿kdf s]Gb|af6 ;~rfng ug]{ / lhNnf:t/Lo sfo{qmdx¿nfO{ lhlj;nufot cGo :yfgLo lgsfosf] ;xeflutfdf ;~rfng ug]{ lsl;dsf sfo{qmd ljsf; ug{ h?/L ePsf] 5 . /f]huf/L clej[l4sf nflu cfly{s j[l4 x'g Ps k"j{ zt{ /x]sf] x'Fbf a9\bf]¿kdf /f]huf/d"ns cfly{s ultljlwn] k|>o kfpg'kg]{ / xfnsf] pTkfbsTj :t/nfO{ j[l4 ug{ ;xfos x'g] pRrtd /f]huf/Lsf] ;[hgf ug'{ r'gf}tLk"0f{ /x]sf] 5 . pTkfsTj j[l4 ug]{df of]ubfg k'¥ofpg] ul/aL lgjf/0fd"ns k|ljlwsf] vf]h, klxrfg / pkof]u u/L

o:tf k|ljlwsf] lj:tf/ clt ljs6 / b'u{d If]q;Dd k'¥ofpFb} /f]huf/d'vL cfly{s j[l4 ug'{ r'gf}tLk"0f{ xF'b} cfPsf] 5 . k|fb]lzs ;Gt'ng ljsf; sfo{qmd M p2]Zo cfly{s, ;fdflhs tyf dfgjLo b[li6n] k5fl8 k/]sf If]qx¿sf] ljsf;df ljz]if hf]8 lbO{ If]qLo ;Gt'ng sfod ug{] . /0fgLlt != t'ngfTds nfesf If]qx¿ klxrfg u/L tL If]qsf] k|fyldsLs/0fsf] cfwf/df nufgL j[l4 ug]{ . @= PsLs[t k|fb]lzs ljsf; of]hgf th'{df u/L sfof{Gjog ug]{ . sfo{gLlt ;|f]tsf] ljlgof]hg ubf{ cfly{s ;fdflhs, dfgjLo tyf k"jf{wf/ ljsf;sf b[li6n] kl5 k/]sf ;'b"/klZrd tyf s0ff{nLnufotsf If]qx¿nfO{ ljz]if k|fyldstf lbOg]5 . If]qut t'ngfTds nfe Pj+ :yfgLo k|lt:kwf{Tds Ifdtfsf] cfwf/df :yfgLo ;fwg, ;|f]t / ;Lk pkof]u x'g] vfnsf] pTkfbg k|0ffnLsf] ljsf; ug{ hf]8 lbOg] 5 . k"jf{wf/ tyf dfgjLo ;fwgsf] ljsf;df kl5 k/]sf If]qdf ef}lts, ;fdflhs / dfgj ;+zfwgsf] ljsf;sf k"jf{wf/x¿sf] ljsf; ug{ k|fyldstfsf ;fy nufgL j[l4 u/L sfo{qmd ;~rfng ul/g]5 . t'ngfTds nfe pRr ePsf k|fs[lts ;Dkbfsf] pkof]u ug]{ lsl;dsf sfo{qmdx¿ th'{df u/L sfof{Gjog ul/g] 5 . ;DefJo pTkfbgzLn If]qx¿sf] klxrfg u/L pRr d"Nosf s[lif pkh, kmnkm"n tyf hl8a'6L pTkfbg tyf k|zf]wg ug{ lghL If]q, ;xsf/L tyf ;d'bfox¿nfO{ k|f]T;fxg ul/g] 5 . ;'b"/klZrd ljsf; cfof]u tyf s0ff{nL ljsf; cfof]usf] sfo{If]qdf ;~rfng ul/g] sfo{qmdx¿sf] th'{df, sfof{Gjog / cg'udgdf ;DalGwt cfof]ux¿nfO{ k"0f{ lhDd]jf/ agfOg] 5 . ;/sf/L tyf lghL If]q, ;xsf/L, :yfgLo lgsfo, u}/;/sf/L If]q tyf cGo ;/f]sf/jfnfx¿sf] ;xeflutfdf If]qLo ljsf; k|lqmofnfO{ k|efjsf/L agfOg] 5 . lhNnfut ¿kdf s'n ufx{:y pTkfbgsf] of]ubfg lgsfnL ;fwg ;|f]tsf] ;dfg'kflts afF8kmfF8af6 ;Gt'lnt ljsf; xfl;n ul/g]5 . d'n'ssf ljleGg ef}uf]lns If]qx¿sf] /fhgLlts, cfly{s, ;fdflhs tyf dfgjLo, ljsf;sf] cj:yfsf] aLrdf /x]sf] b"/L sd ePsf] x'g] 5 . rf}yf] cfjlws of]hgfb]lv If]qLo ;Gt'ngsf] gLlt lnO{ ljljw sfo{qmdx¿ ;~rfng eP tfklg jfl~5t ¿kdf If]qLo ljsf;df ;Gt'ng sfod x'g g;ls/x]sf] cj:yf 5 . o;} tYonfO{ b[li6ut u/L If]qLo ;Gt'ng sfod /fVg tyf k5fl8 k/]sf ju{ / If]qnfO{ ljsf;sf] d"nwf/df ;dflxt ug]{ nIo k|flKtdf s0ff{nL ljsf; cfof]u, ;'b"/klZrd ljsf; cfof]usf] u7g ul/Psf] 5 . b]zsf] ;Gt'lnt ljsf;sf nflu pknAw dfgjLo tyf k|fs[lts ;|f]t Pj+ ;fwgsf] ;d'lrt k|of]u u/L /fli6«o cy{tGqsf] PsLs/0fnfO{ Wofgdf /fvL If]qLo ljsf;sf nflu ;an /0fgLltsf] lgdf{0f ug'{ r'gf}tLk"0f{

/x]sf] 5 . ljsf; k|of;sf dfWodaf6 ljleGg If]qsf] cfly{s / ;fdflhs cj:yfsf] aLrdf /x]sf] b"/L sd ePsf] x'g] 5 . dfgjLo ;+zfwg ljsf;sf] cjwf/ 0ffnfO{ klg clGtd dfGg g;lsg] ts{ /fVg] o;sf ;ft} gful/s ;dfhsf] cjwf/0ff ljsl;t ePsf] 5 . h;cg';f/ /fHo t ahf/Joj:yfaf6 ;~rflnt ljsf;sf /0fgLlt h;n] dfgjljsf; Pj+ ;fdflhs ;f+:s[lts ljsf;sf] kl/sNkgf cufl8 ;f/] klg hgtf cfkm}+ ;Ifd / ;an x'gsf nflu plrt jftfj/0f gePsf] ts{ /flvPsf] 5 . af]lemnf] sd{rf/LtGq, cTolws ;+:yfjfb, cJofjxfl/s cfly{s lgb]{zgh:tf kIfdf v08g ul/Psf] 5 . ;fdfGotof gful/s ;dfh eGgfn] lgtfGt gful/sx¿sf] ;d"x xf] h'g /fHo jf ;/sf/L jf u}/;/sf/L lgsfoeGbf k[ys x'G5 . Pp6f sNof0fsf/L ;dfhsf] :yfkgf gful/saf6} ug{ ;lsG5 . dfgjLo ljsf;nfO{ Odfgbf/Lk"j{s / lbuf] lsl;dn] pef] nufpg :yfgLo ;lqmotf cToGt cfjZos 5 . dfgjLo ljsf;nfO{ :yfgLo kl/j]zdf kl/eflift ug{, dfgjLo ljsf;sf] Go"gtfsf] sf/0f, ;d:ofx¿ klxNofpg / logaf6 d'lQm kfpg] af6f] lglZrt ug{ cfd hg;xeflutfsf] cfjZostf k5{ . o:tf k|Zg 7Dofpg] / k|Zgx¿sf] j}rfl/s txd} xn vf]Hg ;Sg] ;+ul7t / ;xof]uL hg;xeflutf cfkm}+df klg dfgjLo ljsf;sf] dxŒjk"0f{ pknlAw xf] . o; ;xeflutfcGtu{t :yfgLo JolQm, ;d"x / ;+:yfx¿n] dfgjLo ;fdYo{sf] j[l4df ;xof]u gk'¥ofpg] ;+/rgfx¿ v'6\ofpFb} ltgLx¿nfO{ qmdzM ldqzlQmdf ¿kfGt/0f ug]{, ldqzlQmnfO{ s;/L lbuf] t'Nofpg], logaf6 s;/L a9L nfe k|fKt ug]{ cflb ;jfnx¿df oy]i6 Wofg k'¥ofpg' kg]{5 . o:tf] sfddf slt;Ddsf] ;kmntf k|fKt x'G5 eGg] s'/f s'g xb;Dd :yfgLo afl;GbfnfO{ dfgjLo ljsf;sf] wf/0ff / Jojxf/nfO{ kfl/jfl/s, ;fd'bflos / :yfgLo ljsf;sf] s]Gb|laGb'df :yflkt u/fpg k|]l/t ug{ ;lsG5 eGg] s'/fdf e/ k5{ . :yfgLo txdf ;+ul7t / lbuf]¿kdf ;~rfng ul/g] 5nkmnsf nflu kfl/jfl/s txdf kf]if0f, dft[– lzz' :jf:Yo, ;/;kmfO, lzIff, aflnsfx¿sf] l:ylt cflb ;"rsx¿af/] lbuf] ¿kn] ;"rgf ;+nUg ug'{ / o;}sf] cfwf/df 3/3/sf] dfgjLo ljsf;sf] l:ylt cjnf]sg ug'{, bfFHg' / o;af6 dfgjLo ljsf;sf ;d:ofx¿ / lognfO{ ;dfwfg ug]{ jf v's'nf] kfg]{ gLlt / /0fgLltaf/] 5nkmn ug'{ cfjZos kb{5 . ul/ax¿sf] zf]if0f Go"g t'Nofpg klg :yfgLo ;+ul7t ;lqmotfn] 7"nf] dxŒj /fV5 . :yfgLo lgsfo / gful/sx¿sf] ;+ul7t ;lqmotfn] ;fd'bflos hUuf, au/, ;fd'bflos jg, s'nf], C0f cflb dfly ul/a kl/jf/x¿sf] kx'Fr a9fP/, df]lxofgL xs lbnfP/, lyrf]ldrf]sf] lj/f]w u/]/, ;fj{hlgs lgdf{0fsf sfdx¿df >d ug{ k|fyldstf lbnfP/ ul/aL lgjf/0f ug{ ;xof]u k'¥ofpg ;S5g\ . o;}u/L j8f txs} ;lqmotfdf klg ul/a kl/jf/sf afnaflnsf / cGo ;b:ox¿sf] :jf:Yo, ;fIf/tf, ;Lk cflbdf kx'Fr a9fpg ;Sg] w]/} ;Defjgfx¿ 5g\ .


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@)&! j}zfv !!, laxLaf/ | Thursday, 24 April, 2014

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cf]afdfsf] Pl;of e|d0f ;'?

ef/tsf] /fhwfgL gofFlbNnLdf s]xL lbgcl3 ePsf] dtbfgkl5 dtbftfsf] gfdfjnL ?h' ub}{ lgjf{rg cfof]usf sd{rf/L . nf]s;efsf] kfFr ;o $# l;6sf nflu clk|n ( tfl/vb]lv dtbfg eO/x]sf] 5 . t:jL/ M PPkmkL

hfkfgL gful/snfO{ ;"rgfsf] xs 6f]lsof], j}zfv !) . hfkfg ;/sf/n] d+unaf/ dlGqkl/ifb\sf] Ps ;o @( jif{sf] Oltxf;df a}7ssf] lg0f{o ;fj{hlgs ug{ cf/De u/]sf] 5 . hfkfgdf dlGqkl/ifb\sf] sfo{ lgs} uf]Ko /xg] u/]sf] cf/f]k nufOG5 . ;/sf/dfly gful/snfO{ ;"rgfsf] xsaf6 jl~rt u/]sf] cf/f]k nfUb} cfPsf] lyof] . ;/sf/sf k|d'v k|jQmf of]l;lxb] ;'ufn] kf/bzL{kgfdf ;'wf/ ug{ tyf cfkm"x¿nfO{ hgtfk|lt a9L lhDd]jf/ agfpg dlGqkl/ifb\sf] lg0f{o ;fj{hlgs ug]{ lg0f{o ul/Psf] atfP . hfkfgL k|wfgdGqL l;Ghf] cfj]sf] cflwsfl/s j]a;fO6df d+unaf/ clk|n ! sf] a}7ssf]

lg0f{{o /flvPsf] 5 . hfkfgdf ;g\ !**% df dlGqkl/ifb\ :yfkgf ePsf] xf] . o;sf sf/afxLx¿ ;fj{hlgs ePsf] of] klxnf]k6s

xf] . dlGqkl/ifb\sf] lg0f{o slt;Dd Jofks ¿kdf k|sfzg x'g]5g\ . To;sf] ljifo tyf k|lqmof sxfF;Dd lj:t[t x'g]5 eGg] s'/f :ki6

8'+uf rfns kqmfp

;f]n, j}zfv !) . ut ;ftf blIf0f sf]l/ofdf b'3{6gfdf k/]sf] 8'+ufsf rfns bnsf ;b:onfO{ k|x/Ln] kqmfp u/]sf] 5 . ;fthfgnfO{ o;cl3 g} kqmfp ul/Psf] lyof] eg] rf/hgfnfO{ a'waf/ lgoGq0fdf lnOPsf] xf] . rfbnsf] sdhf]/Lsf sf/0f b'3{6gf ePsf] eGb} k|x/Ln] pgLx¿nfO{ lgGq0fdf lnPsf] xf] . rf/ ;o &% hgf ofq' ;jf/ 8'+ufdf @( hgf rfns bnsf ;b:o /x]sf lyP . h;Wo] ;fthgfsf] d[To' ePsf] ;/sf/n] hgfPsf] 5 . o;cl3 /fi6«klt kfs{ x'g]n] b'3{6gfsf] :yfg cjnf]sgsf qmddf rfnsdfly xTof cleof]u nufpg'kg]{ atfPsL lyOg\ . b'3{6gf x'g nfu]sf] yfxf x'Fbf x'Fb} klg ofq'nfO{ hfgsf/L gu/fPsf] hLljt Ps JolQmn] atfP . xfn;Dd Ps ;o %) hgfsf] zj e]l6Psf] 5 eg] Ps ;o %@ hgf x/fO/x]sf 5g\ . 8'+ufdf ;jf/ clwsf+z dfWoflds txsf

ljBfyL{ /x]sf lyP . blIf0f sf]l/ofsf] blIf0fL t6Lo If]qdf rfns bnsf ;b:o;lxt rf/ ;o &^ hgf ofq'sf ;fydf ofqf ul//x]sf] 8'+uf b'3{6gfu|:t ePsf] lyof] . Ps :yfgLo ljBfnosf ljBfyL{nfO{ cWoog e|d0fdf n}hfg] qmddf 8'+uf b'3{6gfdf k/]sf] lyof] . b'3{6gfdf ljBfyL{ / lzIfs u/L tLg ;o %@ hgf / afFsL cGo ofq' /x]sf hgfOPsf] 5 . 8'a]sfdWo] Ps ;o &( hgfnfO{ eg] plta]n} p4f/ ul/Psf] lyof] . p4f/ ul/PsfdWo] &% hgf ljBfyL{ / lzIfs /x]sf 5g\ . clwsf/Lx¿n] p4f/sf] sfd hf/L g} /x]sf] atfP klg x/fO/x]sf] hLljt} p4f/sf] ;Defjgf eg] ca sd xF'b} uPsf] atfOPsf] 5 . ptf clwsf/Ln] p4f/sf] sfdnfO{ k|efjsf/L agfpg g;s]]sf eGb} x/fO/x]sf JolQmsf cfkmGtn] ;/sf/sf] rsf{] cfnf]rgf u/]sf 5g\ . -Ph]G;L_

lgjf{rg kl/0ffd cfpg l9nfO sfa'n, j}zfv !) . ckmuflg:tfgdf clk|n % df ePsf] /fi6«kltsf] lgjf{rgsf] dtu0fgfsf] kl/0ffd l9nfO eOsf] 5 . dtbfgsf qmddf kmhL{ dtsf] k|of]u ePsf] kfOPsf]n] cg';Gwfgsf sf/0f

kl/0ffd l9nf ePsf] xf] . lgjf{rg clwsf/Lx¿n] kl/0ffd cfufdL zlgaf/ ;fj{hlgs ul/g] atfPsf 5g\ . o;cl3 ;g\ @))( df ePsf] lgjf{rgdf klg sof}+ clgoldttf ePsf] / h;sf sf/0f ;dodf

klg dt kl/0ffd ;fj{hlgs ug{ l9nfO{ ePsf] lyof] . o;k6s klg sof}+ o:tf kmhL{ 36gf cfPsf]n] l9nfO ePsf] atfOPsf] 5 . dt u0fgf eg] hf/L g} 5 . cfufdL zlgaf/ ;fj{hlgs x'g]5 . -Ph]G;L_

ePsf] 5}g . ut jif{ hfkfgdf uf]kgLotfsf] sfg'gcufl8 cfPsf] 5 . pQm sfg'gcufl8 cfPkl5 ;/sf/ k|]; tyf k|sfzg clwsf/df s6f}tL ug{ rfxG5 eGg] b]vfPsf] cf/f]k nufOPsf] lyof] . o;} sf/0f klg dlGqkl/ifb\ s f] lg0f{ o ;fj{ h lgs ePsf] cg' d fg ul/Psf] 5 . k| w fgdGqL cfj]n] ljw]os hfkfgnfO{ cufl8 a9fpg clt cfjZos sbd ePsf] atfP . hfkfgsf kqsf/, jlsn, k|f1 tyf clwsf/jfbL ;d"xx¿n] pQm sfg'g hfkfgsf] bf];|f]o'4 kl5sf] k|hftGqsf nflu 7"nf] r'gf}tL ePsf] atfPsf 5g\ . -/f;;÷PPkmkL_

jfl;+6g, j}zfv !) . ;+o'Qm /fHo cd]l/sfsf /fi6«klt af/fs cf]afdfn] a'waf/af6 Ps;ftf nfdf] Pl;of e|d0f ;'? u/]sf 5g\ . clk|n @( tfl/v;Dd x'g] qmddf pgn] hfkfg, blIf0f sf]l/of, dn]l;of / lkmlnlkG;sf] e|d0f ug{]5g\ . cf]afdfsf] Pl;of e|d0fsf] p2]Zo Pl;ofnL /fi6«x¿;Fu ;DaGw k|uf9 agfpg / Pl;ofdf cd]l/sfsf] alnof] pkl:ylt hgfpg] /x]sf] ÅjfO6 xfp;n] hgfPsf] 5 . cf]afdfsf] Pl;ofnL d'n'ssf] e|d0fn] cd]l/sf / Pl;ofnL /fi6«x¿aLrsf] cfly{s /0fgLltnfO{ ;zQm agfpg] ljZjf; cd]l/sL clwsf/Lsf] /x]sf] 5 . hfkfgdf /xFbf cf]afdfn] hfkfgL k|wfgdGqL l;Ghf] cfa]n] cfof]hgf ug]{ /flqef]hdf ;fd]n x'g] / blIf0f sf]l/of, dn]l;of / lkmlnlkG;sf k|wfgdGqL;Fu e]63f6 ug{] sfo{qmd /x]sf] 5 . e|d0fdf lg:sg'cl3 cf]afdfn] hfkfg / rLgaLrsf] ;Ldf ljjfb kf/:kl/s ;'/Iff gLlt;Fu hf]l8Psf] atfPsf 5g\ . pgn] hfkfgsf] :jfldTjaf6 6fk'nfO{ 5'6\ofpg] ljifodf ;dxt x'g g;Sg] ;d]t atfP . pgn] Pl;ofnL /fi6«sf] e|d0f kfFrf}+k6s e|d0f u/]sf x'g\ . e|qm0fsf qmddf pgn] ;d;fdlos /fhgLltsf ;fy} ljsl;t kl5Nnf] ljZj /fhgLlts 36gfqmdsf af/]df 5nkmn ug]{5g\ . pgL blIf0f sf]l/ofdf /xFbf ToxfFsf /fi6«klt;Fu e]63f6 ug]{5g\ . e]6sf qmddf pgn] pQ/ / blIf0f sf]l/of aLrsf] ljjfbsf af/]df 5nkmn ug]{ sfo{qmd to ePsf] 5 . ;fy} xfn}sf lbgdf blIf0f sf]l/of / hfkfgsf aLrdf

klg tgfa al9/x]sfn] tgfanfO{ sdug{sf nflu klg s'/fsfgL x'g] atfOPsf] 5 . cf]afdf clk|n @^ df dn]l;of k'Ug]5g\ . /fi6«klt cf]afdf ;g\ !(^^ kl5 dn]l;of e|d0f ug{] klxnf] /fi6«klt x'g\ . pgL ;f]daf/ lkmlnlkG; hfg]5g\ . cf]afdfn] /fi6«klt;Fu låkIfLo lxtsf af/]df s'/fsfgL ug'{sf ;fy} ;+o'Qm kqsf/ ;Dd]ng ug]{ sfo{qmd to ePsf] ÅjfO6 xfp;n] hgfPsf] 5 . To;}u/L pgn] ug{] hfkfg / dn]l;ofsf] e|d0fsf qmddf klg låkIfLo lxt k|j4{gsf ;fy} Jofkfl/s ;fem]bf/Ldf klg s'/fsfgL x'g]5g\ . e|d0feGbf cl3 pgn] d+unaf/ ;fFem cd]l/sfsf] cf];f] /fHosf klx/f]kLl8tnfO{ e]6 u/]sf lyP . cf]afdfn] klx/f]sf sf/0f ePsf]

Ifltsf] cjnf]sg u/]sf x'g\ . pgn] af9L klx/f]sf sf/0f ePsf] Ifltsf] cg'udgsf ;fy} To;df k/L Hofg u'dfPsf gful/ssf cfkmGtnfO{ e]6L ;fGTjtf lbPsf lyP . pgn] kLl8t kl/jf/;Fu eg], …d oxfF tkfO{+x¿sf ;fydf cd]l/sfsf] ;/sf/ 5 eGg] ;Gb]z lbg cfPsf] x'F, o;af6 tkfO{+x¿nfO{ Tof] cfTdad ldnf];\ eGg rfxG5' .Ú ;fy} pgn] klx/f]af6 ePsf] Ifltsf] cg';Gwfg / cg'udg ;'? ePsf] / dsf{df k/]sf kl/jf/nfO{ Ifltk"lt{ lbOg] klg atfP . klx/f]df k/L sDtLdf klg $) hgfsf] Hofg uPsf] lyof] . ut dlxgf klx/f] uPsf] / h;sf sf/0f s]xL kl/jf/ clxn] klg x/fO/x]sf 5g\ . -Ph]G;L_

hftLo b+ufdf !) dfl/P sfo/f], j}zfv !) . OlhK6df e8\lsPsf] hftLo b+ufdf k/L bzhgfsf] d[To' ePsf] 5 . d+unaf/ cs:dft OlhK6df hftLo b+uf e8\lsFbf dflg; dfl/Psf x'g\ . ;'/Iff clwsf/Ln] lx+;fdf k/L !) sf] d[To' ePsf] / c¿ s]xL 3fOt] ePsf] atfPsf 5g\ . k|x/Ln] pQm lx+;fu|:t If]qdf ;'/IffsdL{ kl/rflnt ul/ ;lsPsf] hgfPsf] 5 . OlhK6sf]

blIf0fL k|fGtdf b+uf e8\lsPsf] xf] . OlhK6sf] blIf0fL k|fGt c;jfgdf /x]sf g'laofg / afgL

lxnfn gfdsf b'O{ hftLsf aLrdf lx+;f ePsf] lyof] . To; em8kdf k/L b'j} hftLo ;d'bfosf

JolQm dfl/Psf atfOPsf] 5 . pQm hftLsf aLrdf lx+;f e8\lsPkl5 ufpn]x¿n] ldnfpg] k|oTg u/] klg c;kmn ePsf] atfOPsf] 5 . OlhK6sf] blIf0fL ufpFx¿df o:tf ljleGg hfltsf aLrsf] b+ufnfO{ ;fdfGo dflgG5 . t/, of] le8Gt eg] kl5Nnf] ;dodf ePsf] ;a}eGbf 7"nf] lx+;f xf] . OlhK6df /fi6«ktLo lgjf{rgsf] tof/L /x]sf a]nf lx+;f ePsf] xf] . -Ph]G;L_

cfqmd0fn] kfls:tfgL k|]; ql;t O:nfdfjfb, j}zfv !) . kfls:tfgsf kqsf/dfly uf]nL k|xf/kl5 kqsfl/tf If]q lgs} g} ql;t ePsf] 5 . ljleGGf kqklqsf, /]l8of] / 6]lnlehgx¿n] 36gfsf] lj/f]w ub{} uf]nL k|xf/sf sf/ 0f kfls:tfgL k|]; g} ql;t agfPsf] atfPsf 5g\ . kfls:tfgsf] Ps k|l;4 6]lnlehg Rofgndf rlr{t sfo{qmd k|:tf]tf xldb ld/dfly zlgaf/ s/frLdf uf]nL k|xf/ ePsf] lyof] . l6eLdf cfkm\gf] sfo{qmd k|:t't u/]/ 3/ kmls{/x]sf kqsf/ ld/dfly xdnf ePsf] lyof] . pgLdfly tLgj6f uf]nL xflgPsf] atfOPsf] 5 . pgL pkrf/sf] qmddf c:ktfn egf{ ePsf 5g\ . pgLdfly k6sk6s o;cl3 klg xTof k|of; ePsf lyP . ut jif{dfq klg pgLdfly xTofsf] k|of; ePsf] lyof] . xldbn] lhof] 6]lnlehg Rofgndf Soflkn 6s gfdsf]

sf/afxLdf !( tflnjfgsf] d[To' sfa'n, j}zfv !) . ckmuflg:tfgdf ckmufg /fli6«o ;}lgs -PPgP_ n] d+unaf/ laxfgb]lv;d tflnjfglj?4 hf/L /fv]sf] sf/afxLsf qmddf a'waf/ laxfg;Dddf !( hgf tflnjfgsf] d[To' ePsf] 5 . ckmuflg:tfgsf] u[xdGqfnoåf/f a'waf/ hfgsf/L lbPsf] xf] . sf/afxLdf k/L c¿ cf7hgf n8fs' kqmfp k/]sf klg u[xdGqfnosf clwsf/Ln] hgfPsf 5g\ . kl5Nnf] ;dodf ckmuflg:tfgdf ckmufg ;'/Iffann] tflnjfglj?4sf] sf/afxLnfO{ ;zQm agfPsf] ckmufg ;/sf/n] hgfPsf] 5 . cfufdL ;g\ @)!$ sf] cGTo;Dddf ckmuflg:tfgaf6 g]6f] ;}lgs kmls{;Sg] ePsfn] klg ToxfFsf] k|x/LnfO{ cl3 ;fl/Psf] atfOPsf] 5 . -Ph]G;L_

Ps rlr{t sfo{qmd ;~rfng ug{] u5{g\ . sfo{qmd ;d;fdlos /fhgLltdf cfwfl/t / rlr{t 5 . ;f]xL sfo{qmdsf sf/0f pgsf] xTof k|of; ePsf] xf] . pgsf] xTof k|of;n] kfls:tfgsf] l;+uf] k|]; hut g} ql;t ag]sf] kqsf/n] hgfPsf 5g\ . To;}u/L csf{ kqsf/ /fhf ?dLdfly klg ut dlxgf uf]nL k|xf/ ePsf] lyof] . pgL klg kfls:tfgsf Pshgf rlr{t kqsf/ x'g\ . pgLdfly ePsf] uf]nL k|xf/af6 d'l:snn] ar]sf lyP . ;jf/L rnfO/x]s} a]nf uf]nL xflgPsf] lyof] . o:tf 36gfsf sf/0f kfls:tfgL kqsf/df klg cfkm\gf] k]zfaf6 knfog x'g] cj:yf cfPsf] 5 . kfls:tfgnfO{ klg ljZjdf kqsf/sf nflu ;a}eGbf a9L c;'/lIft jf vt/f /x]sf] b]zsf ¿kdf lnOG5 . ToxfF jif]{gL kqsf/sf] xTof x'g] u/]sf] 5 . k|fKt Ps ;dfrf/cg';f/ kfls:tfgdf

;g\ @))! b]lv clxn];Dd sDtLdf klg %) hgf kqsf/sf] d[To' ePsf] 5 . hfgsf/L ljZj kqsfl/tf;DaGwL ;+:yf sld6L 6' k|f]6]S6 hf]gf{lni6, l;kLh]n] lbPsf] xf] . kfls:tfgsf kqsf/x¿ kfls:tfgsf tflnjfgsf] wDsLsf afah'b klg sfdug{ afWo ePsf 5g\ . sltko cj:yfdf pgLx¿sf] lj/f]w u/]sf] sf/ 0f pgLx¿ g} xTof ug{] u/]sf 5g\ . To:t} kfls:tfgdf lbgx'Fh;f] xTof lx+;f hf/L /xFbf ToxfFsf e"ldut lu/f]xn] klg kfls:tfgL kqsf/sf] xTof ug{] u/]sf 5g\ . a'waf/sf kfls:tfgL cvaf/ Pj+ /]l8of] 6]lnlehgn] kfls:tfgdf kqsfl/tf cToGt} c;'l/Ift /x]sf] eGb} kqsf/sf] ;'/Iffsf nflu dfu u/]sf 5g\ . kqsf/x¿dfly x'g] u/]sf o:tf xTof / xdnfsf nflu g} s;}nfO{ sf/afxL gx'g] ePsfn] ;f]xL b08xLgtfsf sf/0f emg} pgLx¿dfly

lx+;f a9]sf] atfOG5 . o:t}, kfls:tfgsf] /IffdGqfnon] b]zsf] k|ltli7t 6]lnlehg Rofgn aGb ug{ 6]lnlehg cg'ud ug]{ ;+:yf kfls:tfg On]S6«f]lgS; ldl8of lgofds k|flws/ 0fnfO{ cfb]z lbPsf] 5 . dGqfnon] 6]lnlehg t'?Gt aGb ug{ dfu u/]sf] 5 . /IffdGqfnosf ;lrj cfl;km ofl;g dlnsn] lhof] Go"h aGb ug{ k|flws/0fnfO{ kl/kq ul/ ;s]sf] k|i6 kf/]sf 5g\ . /IffdGqfnosf k|jQmf gfl/tf km/xfgn] lhof] Go"h Rofgnn] /IffdGqfnolj?4 ;dfrf/ k|;f/0f u/]sf] cf/f]k nufPsL 5g\ . pgn] /IffdGqfnonfO{ c;/ kg]{ vfnsf] b[io k|;f/0f ul/Psf] eGb} o; laifodf 5fglag eO/x]sf] klg atfPsL 5g\ . 6]lnlehgsf kqsf/ eg] 6]lnlehg aGb gug{ dfu ub}{ k|bz{gdf plqPsf 5g\ . -/f;;÷PPkmkL_


@)&! j}zfv !!, laxLaf/ | Thursday, 24 April, 2014

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cfO{6LPkmdf sf]l/of RoflDkog cN6«f wfjs ;~ho ;Ddflgt

6fOD; ;+jfbbftf sf7df8f}+, j}zfv !) . 8LkLcf/ sf]l/of ;ftf}+ Pl;ofnL t]SjfGbf] -cfO{6LPkm_ RoflDkogl;ksf] l;lgo/df a'waf/ l6d RoflDkog ag]sf] 5 . sf]l/ofn] @$ :j0f{ / $ /ht lht]sf] 5 . lqk'/]Zj/l:yt /fli6«o v]ns'b kl/ifb\sf] se8{xndf ePsf] k|ltof]lutfdf tfhls:tfg # :j0f{, !@ /ht / & sf:osf ;fy bf];|f] tyf sfhls:tfg # :j0f{, $ /ht / % sf:osf ;fy t];|f] eP . g]kfn cGt/f{li6«o t]SjfGbf] dxf;+3 -PgcfO{6LPkm_ åf/f cfof]lht k|ltof]lutfsf] h'lgo/df @^ :j0f{;lxt tfhls:tfg klxnf], * :j0f{;lxt sfhls:tfg bf];|f] tyf @ :j0f{;lxt t's{ldlg:tfg t];|f] eP . l;lgo/sf] dlxnfdf 8LkLcf/ sf]l/ofsL ld Åofª kfs tyf k'?ifdf sf]l/ofs} Sof]ª x'd /f pTs[i6 v]nf8L 3f]lift eP . kfsn] # / /fn] @ :j0f{ lht] . h'lgo/sf] dlxnfdf tfhls:tfgsL l;l/Gaf]g' gOe]e tyf k'?ifdf t's{ldlg:tfgsf cf]/fhld/f6 rf/L pTs[i6 v]nf8L r'lgP . gOe]en] @ :j0f{ / ! /ht tyf rf/Ln] ! :j0f{ / ! /ht xft kf/] . k|ltof]lutfdf g]kfnn] ! :j0f{;lxt & /ht / !% sf:o lhTof] . g]kfnsL lgZdf a:ofnn] :j0f{ lhltg\ . Pl;ofnL cfO{6LPkmdf lgZdfsf] :j0f{ clxn];Dds} klxnf] xf] . ljh]tfnfO{ o'jf tyf v]ns'b dGqL k'?iff]Qd kf}8]nnufotn] k'/:sf/ k|bfg u/] . ptf ;fª/f]s g]kfn t]SjfGbf] Ps]8]dLsf] cfof]hgfdf cGt/f{li6«o t]SjfGbf] ;]ldgf/ a'waf/b]lv /fli6«o v]ns'b kl/ifb\sf] cf]nlDkog ;]dL se8{xndf ;'? ePsf] 5 . ;]ldgf/df t]SjfGbf] k|lzIfs / ANofsj]N6dflysf v]nf8L u/L hDdf Ps ;ohgfsf] ;xeflutf /x]sf] cfof]hssf cWoIf lbg]z zdf{n] hgfPsf 5g\ . tLg lbg] ;]ldgf/ ljZj t]SjfGbf] Ps]8]dLsf lgb]{zs blIf0f sf]l/ofsf rfª ;f]ª bf]ªn] ;~rfng ug]{5g\ . ;]ldgf/sf] o'jf tyf v]ns'b dGqL k'?iff]Qd kf}8]nn] Ps sfo{qmdaLr pb\3f6g u/] . ;f] cj;/df g]kfnL v]nf8Ln] 8]df]G;6«];g k|:t't u/]sf lyP .

6fOD; ;+jfbbftf sf7df8f}+, j}zfv !) . cN6«fwfjs ;~ho kl08tnfO{ uf]N8]gu]6 OG6/g];gn sn]hn] gub;lxt a'waf/ ;Ddfg u/]sf] 5 . Ko'7fg lgjf;L @% jifL{o ;~honfO{ ut dfr{df clk|msfsf] ;jf]{Rr lzv/ lslndf~hf/f]sf] ;kmn cf/f]x0f u/]afkt\ ;Ddfg ul/Psf] xf] . ;~hosf cg';f/ pgn] lslndf~hf/f] blIf0f Pl;ofaf6 cf/f]x0f ug]{dWo] ;a}eGbf sd ;do ^ 306f !# ldg]6df cf/f]x0f u/]sf lyP . xfn;Dd g]kfnaf6 !$ / blIf0f Pl;ofaf6 (& hgfn] lslndf~hf/f] cf/f]x0f ul/;s]sf 5g\ . ;~hon] o;cl3 ljZjsf] ;jf]{Rr lzv/ ;u/dfyf / lsn/ dfpG6]gsf ¿kdf kl/lrt dgf:n'sf] klg ;kmn cf/f]x0f ul/;s]sf 5g\ . pkk|wfgdGqL Pj+ u[xdGqL afdb]j uf}tdn] ;~honfO{ Ps nfv ?k}ofFa/fa/sf] r]s / ;Ddfgkq k|bfg u/] . sfo{qmddf o'jf tyf v]ns'b dGqL

k'?iff]Qd kf}8]n, /fli6«o v]ns'b kl/ifb\ -/fv]k_ sf ;b:o;lrj o'j/fh nfdf, /fv]ksf lgjt{dfg pkfWoIf lktfDa/ ltlD;gf, uf]N8]gu]6sf sfo{sf/L clws[t /d]z l;njfnnufotsf] pkl:ylt lyof] . ptf ljZj l6d 6]an6]lg; RoflDkogl;kdf ;xefuL x'g ^ v]nf8L;lxt ( ;b:oLo 6f]nL zlgaf/ hfkfgsf] 6f]lsof] k|:yfg

ug]{ ePsf] 5 . clk|n @* b]lv d] % tfl/v;Dd ;~rfng x'g] k|ltof]lutfsf] k'?ifdf lzj;'Gb/ uf]y], k'?iff]Qd jh|frfo{ / cho ;'jfnn] k|lt:kwf{ ug]{5g\ . dlxnfdf gljtf >]i7, Plngf dxh{g / /Ltfd}of k|hfkltn] v]Ng]5g\ . tLg v]nf8L ;lDdlnt l6d Oe]G6df tLg l;+uN; v]n x'g]5 .

s]Pd;Lsf] bf]xf]/f] lht l/nfoG;nfO{ ÅofG8an pkflw

6fOD; ;+jfbbftf sf7df8f}+, j}zfv !) . cfof]hs sf7df8f}+ df]8]n sn]h -s]Pd;L_ n] s]Pd;L k|yd cGt/sn]h aLP;8An' af:s]6an k|ltof]lutfdf a'waf/ bf]xf]/f] lht xft kf/]sf] 5 . afns'df/Ll:yt 3/]n' sf]6{df ePsf] klxnf] v]ndf s]Pd;Ln] Snfl;s sn]h OG6/g];gnnfO{ ^@–#) n] k/flht u¥of] . ljh]tfsf cfsfz kl/of/n] @@ c+s hf]8] . ljh]tfs} t]h]Gb|l;+x yfkf pTs[i6 v]nf8L r'lgP . csf]{ v]ndf s]Pd;Ln] g]kfn d]uf sn]hnfO{ ^%–#( n] x/fof] . s]Pd;Lsf] lhtdf cd/ dxh{gn] !% :sf]/ u/] . s]Pd;Ls} cl:dtf 3n] pTs[i6 r'lgOg\ . cGo v]ndf d]uf, Snfl;s / a|fO6 lehg OG6/g];gn sn]h klg ljhoL eP . d]ufn] y]D; OG6/g];gn sn]hdfly $!–#)

sf] lht lgsfNof] . d]ufsf cflzif >]i7n] * c+s hf]8] . d]ufsf ;Gtf]if lnDa" pTs[i6 7xl/P . Snfl;sn] y]D;nfO{ g} @(–!* n] lg/fz kf¥of] . Snfl;ssf l5l/ª nfdfn] !# c+s a6'n] . y]D;sf clgn a'hf{ du/ pTs[i6 3f]lift eP . rf/ lbg] k|ltof]lutfdf * l6d ;xefuL 5g\ . k|To]s l6dn] slDtdf Ps dlxnf v]nf8L cfkm\gf] l6ddf /fVg'kg]{ k|fjwfg 5 . pQm dlxnf v]nf8Ln] rf/ Sjf6/dWo] s'g} Ps Sjf6/ k"/} v]Ng'kg]{ x'G5 . ljh]tfn] !% xhf/ / pkljh]tfn] ;ft xhf/ ?k}ofF k'/:sf/ kfpg]5g\ . ;]G6 h]leo;{lj?4sf] v]ndf a|fO6 lehg @*–% n] ljhoL eof] . a|fO6 lehgsf o';'km /fO{n] ( c+s hf]8] . ptf afg]Zj/ …PÚ n] jL/]Gb| k':tsfno bf];|f] ;d/ l;S; P ;fO8 k'?if km'6an k|ltof]lutfdf

a'waf/ ljhoL ;'?cft u/]sf] 5 . rfjlxndf ePsf] pb\3f6g v]ndf afg]Zj/n] cfof]hs jL/]Gb| k':tsfno …aLÚ nfO{ $–) uf]ncGt/n] k/flht u¥of] . ljho uf}tdn] @ uf]n u/] eg] /lj >]i7 / clzd ;'jb] Ln] !–! uf]n yk] . ] u/]sf] cfof]hs $@ cf}+ jif{df k|jz pknIodf cfof]lht k|ltof]lutfsf] k"jc{ WoIf s'df/ >]i7 / ;Nnfxsf/ nId0f/fh ;Tofnn] ;+oQ' m ¿kdf pb\3f6g u/] . gscfp6sf cfwf/df ;~rflnt k|ltof]lutfdf #@ l6dsf] ;xeflutf /x]sf] cfof]hssf ;b:o bLk]z s];Ln] hgfPsf 5g\ . ljh]tfn] $% xhf/ / pkljh]tfn] @% xhf/ gub k'/:sf/ kfpg]5g\ . To;}u/L pTs[i6 v]nf8L, ld8lkmN8/ / l8km]G8/nfO{ gub kfFr–kfFr xhf/ ?k}ofFaf6 k'/:s[t ul/g]5 .

c+ubnfO{ Ps :6«f]ssf] cu|tf 6fOD; ;+jfbbftf sf7df8f}+, j}zfv !) . ef/tsf c+ub lrdf sf7df8f}+df hf/L ;"o{ g]kfn df:6;{ uNkm RoflDkogl;ksf] klxnf] lbg pTs[i6 v]Nb} cu|:yfg xft kfg{ ;kmn ePsf 5g\ . uf]s0f{ uNkm sf]if{df a'waf/ ePsf] v]ndf lrdfn] * cG8/ ^$ :sf]/ sf8{ v]Nb} cu|:yfg sAhf u/]sf x'g\ . pgnfO{ k5\ofPsf ef/tsf ljgf]bs'df/ eg] Ps :6«f]sn] kl5 kb}{ bf];|f] :yfgdf /x] . ljgf]bn] & cG8/ ^% :sf]/ sf8{ agfPsf lyP . k"j{RoflDkog ;ldd vfgn] eg] ^ cG8/ ^^ :sf]/ sf8{ agfP/ t];|f] :yfgdf /x] . z+s/ bf; % cG8/ ^& :sf]/ sf8{ v]Nb} rf}yf] :yfgdf /xFbf g]kfnsf gDa/ Ps v]nf8L lzj/fd >]i7 klg ;dfg :sf]/ agfP/ rf}yf] :yfgd} /x] . /l~ht l;+x / s/0f tfg'sn] klg ;dfg :sf]/ agfP/ ;+o'Qm ¿kdf rf}yf] :yfgdf 5g\ . g]kfnsf ;~ho nfdf $ cG8/ ^* :sf]/ sf8{ v]n]/ gjf}+ :yfgdf 5g\ . Pd]Rof]/tkm{sf] v]ndf g]kfnsf ljsf; af]u6L # cG8/ ^( :sf]/ sf8{ agfP/ !@ cf}+ :yfgdf 5g\ . pgL Pd]Rof]/df eg] klxnf] :yfgdf /x]sf x'g\ . ;"o{k|;fb zdf{ &! / bLks yfkfdu/ &@ :sf]/ agfPsf 5g\ eg] k"0f{ zdf{n] Ps cf]e/ &# tyf /lj v8\sf / tf]/0f zfxLn] ;dfg @ cf]e/ &$ :sf]/ sf8{ agfPsf 5g\ . tLg lbg;Dd rNg] k|ltof]lutfsf] d'Vo k|lt:kwf{ a'waf/af6 ;'? ePsf] xf] .

6fOD; ;+jfbbftf sf7df8f}+, j}zfv !) . g]kfnsf] l/nfoG; OG6/g];gn Ps]8]dLn] k|yd cGt/f{li6«o v]ns'b dxf]T;jcGtu{t o'–!( AjfOh ÅofG8ansf] pkflw a'waf/ lht]sf] 5 . skgsf] cfsfz]wf/fdf ePsf] kmfOgndf l/nfoG;n] ef/tsf] P;hLPcfO{ :s'nnfO{ @!–!# n] k/flht u¥of] . /f]nantkm{ o'–!$ uN;{df g]kfnsf] l6«lg6L :s'n RoflDkog aGof] . kmfOgndf l6«lg6Ln] ef/tsf] P;hLPcfO{nfO{ ^–! n] x/fof] . o'–!& uN;{df ef/tsf] aLeLaL :s'n klxnf] eof] . aLeLaLn] kmfOgndf g]kfnsf] Sofd]lnof :s'ndfly *–^ sf] lht /Rof] . o'–!( AjfOh km'6andf cfof]hs ;bfaxf/ :kf]6\;{ ;f];fO6L, skg kmfOgndf k'u]sf] 5 . ;bfaxf/n] ef/tsf] ;fOgf :s'nfO{ (–@ n] kfvf nufof] . kmfOgndf ;bfaxf/n] 7'ª/fd OG6/g];gn Ps]8]dL -6LcfO{P_ ;Fu v]Ng]5 . o'–!$ AjfOh km'6and} 6LcfO{Pn] ;fOgfnfO{ *–@ n] kfvf nufpFb} nf]oN6L;Fu kmfOgn e]6 kSsf u¥of] . ptf hf];]km clwsf/L / ;'dg lnDa" tyf ljlht yfkf du/ / k|sfz >]i7sf] hf]8L bf];|f] pkTosfJofkL Aof8ldG6g k|ltof]lutfsf] k'?if 8aN;tkm{

a'waf/ kmfOgndf k|j]z u/]sf 5g\ . hf];k] m / ;'dgsf] hf]8Ln] /fd nfdf / ;'gLn >]i7sf] hf]8LnfO{ @!–!& / @%–@# tyf ljlht / k|sfzsf] hf]8Ln] lbn]Gb| k'g / gL/ljqmd b]jsf]6fsf] hf]8LnfO{ @^–@$, @%–@& / @!–!) sf] ;]6df k/flht u/] .

slDKn6 x]Ny Snaåf/f cfof]lht k|ltof]lutfsf] $% jif{dfly e]6f« G; 8aN;df dl0f sGbªjf / dx]Gb| clwsf/L, ;'jf; >]i7 / e"ldaxfb'/ u'?ª, xl/s[i0f >]i7 / gf/fo0fdfg zfSo tyf gjLg >]i7 / ;'bLk a'9fyf]sLsf] hf]8L ;]ldkmfOgndf ] u/]sf 5g\ . k|jz

Joj:yfksdf clvn g]kfn 6]an6]lg; ;+3sf dxf;lrj s'j]zk|sfz l;+x / ;b:o /fh]Gb| bnfn /x]sf 5g\ . ;+3sf ;lrj Pj+ cGt/f{li6«o lg0ff{os z+s/ uf}tdn] k|ltof]lutfdf lg0ff{os e"ldsf lgjf{x ug]{5g\ . 6f]nLnfO{ ;kmntfsf] z'esfdgf lbFb} /fli6«o v]ns'b kl/ifb\sf ;b:o;lrj o'j/fh nfdfn] labfO u/] .

/ht dxf]T;jdf km'6an sf7df8f}+, j}zfv !) -6f;_ . ;'g'jf/ ;]jf ;dfh :yfkgfsf] @% jif{ k"/f ePsf] cj;/df ;''g'jf/ ;]jf ;dfhn] cGt/ cflbjf;L hghflt d}qL k'm6an k|ltof]lutf cfof]hgf ug]{ ePsf] 5 . /ht dxf]T;jsf cj;/df laxLaf/ x'g] k|ltof]lutfdf cflbjf;L hghflt dxf;+3, cflbjf;L hghflt pTyfg /fli6«o k|lti7fg, cflbjf;L a'l4hLjL ju{, ;'g'jf/ ;]jf ;dfh s]Gb|Lo ;ldlt, ;'g'jf/ ;]jf ;dfh lhNnf ;ldlt nlntk'/, ;'g'jf/ ls/fFt o'jf ;dfh -:sfO_, cflbjf;L rnlrqsdL{ tyf kqsf/ dxf;+3, ;}+a' ;'g'jf/ Sna e}+;]kf6L, ls/fFt sf]OFr :kf]6\;{ Sna tyf lnv'e'hL Sna /fd]5fksf] ;xeflutf /xg] ls/fFt sf]OFr :kf]6\;{ Snan] hgfPsf] 5 . nlntk'/sf] hfjnfv]n k'm6an d}bfgdf gscfp6sf] cfwf/df k|ltof]lutf v]nfOg]5 . k|ltof]lutfsf k|yd r/0fsf] ;Dk"0f{ v]n laxLaf/ v]nfOg] tyf ;]ldkmfOgn j}zfv !# ut] / kmfOgn j}zfv !* ut] ug]{ Snasf cWoIf ;ld/ d'lvof ;'g'jf/n] hgfPsf 5g\ .

k~hfjsf] t];|f] lht /f]6l/og Aof8ldG6g x'Fb}

Ph]G;L zf/hfxf, j}zfv !) . ls+U; Pnf]eg k~hfjn] o"PO{df hf/L OlG8og lk|ldo/ lnu lqms]6sf] ;ftf}+ ;+:s/0fdf nuftf/ t];|f] lht xft kf/]sf] 5 . lht;Fu} tflnsfdf ^ c+s agfP/ k~hfjn] zLif{ :yfgsf] ofqf sfod /fv]sf] 5 . d+unaf/ /flt zf/hfxf :6]l8oddf ePsf] v]ndf k~hfjn] ;g/fOh x}b/fjfbnfO{ &@ /gn] x/fPsf] xf] . 6; lht]sf] x}b/fjfbn] Aofl6ªsf] lgDtf] lbPkl5 k~hfjn] lgwf{l/t @) cf]e/df ^ ljs]6

u'dfP/ ! ;o (# /gsf] of]ukmn tof/ kf/]sf] lyof] . hjfkmdf x}b/fjfb !( cf]e/ @ andf ! ;o @! /g agfPsf] cj:yfdf ;a} ljs]6 u'dfPkl5 xf/ Joxf]g{ afWo ePsf] xf] . x}b/fjfbnfO{ xf/sf] :jfb rvfpg k~hfjsf nIdLklt afnfhLn] rf/ ljs]6 xft kf/]sf lyP . pgn] $ cf]e/ alnª u/]/ dfq !# /g vr+{b} rf/ ljs]6 xft kf/]kl5 x}b/fjfb k/fhosf] l;sf/ ePsf] xf] . ldr]n hf]g;g / cIf/ k6]nn] klg ;dfg @–@ ljs]6 xft kf/]sf lyP . x}b/fjfbsf nflu nf]s]z /fx'nn] @& /g agfpFbf cf/f]g lkm~rn] !( /g hf]8] . 8f/]g ;fdLn] !% /g / 8fn] :6]gn] !@ /g agfP . o;cl3 k~hfjnfO{ lhtsf] cj:yftkm{ ws]Ng Un]g DofS;j]n gfos ;fljt eP . kfFr /gn] zts kf/ ug{ g;s]sf DofS;j]nn] $# andf % rf}sf / ( 5Ssfsf] ;xof]udf (% /g agfpg k'u]sf lyP . r]t]Zj/ k'hf/fn] #% /g / jL/]Gb| ;]xjfun] #) /g agfPsf lyP . k'hf/fn] #@ andf ^ rf}sfsf] ;xof]udf / ;x]jfun] @@ andf @ rf}sf / # 5Ssfsf] ;xof]udf pQm /g hf]8]sf x'g\ . cGon] eg] /fd|f] /g agfpg ;s]gg\ . alnªtkm{ x}b/fjfbsf e'jg]Zj/ s'df/n] tLg ljs]6 xft kf/]sf lyP . v]ndf DofS;j]n Kn]o/ ckm lb Dofr ag] . k|ltof]lutfcGtu{t laxLaf/ /f]on Rofn]Gh;{ a]+unf]/ / sf]nsftf gfO6 /fO8;{aLr v]n x'g]5 .

6fOD; ;+jfbbftf sf7df8f}+, j}zfv !) . /f]6/L Sna ckm kz'klt sf7df8f}+ l8l:6«s ly|6'gfOg6'sf] cfof]hgfdf oxL j}zfv @^ / @& ut] cGt/ /f]6/L Sna Aof8ldG6g k|ltof]lutf x'g] ePsf] 5 . ;z:q k|x/L an d'Vofno xnrf]sdf b'O{ lbg;Dd rNg] k|ltof]lutfdf *) eGbf a9L /f]6l/ogn] ;xeflutf hgfpg] Snasf cWoIf b'uf{k|;fb ;'j]bLn] hfgsf/L lbP . a'waf/ cfof]lht kqsf/ ;Dd]ngdf af]Nb} ;'j]bLn] k|ltof]lutfdf dlxnf Psn / o'un tyf k'?if o'un u/L tLg ljwfdf v]n x'g] hgfP . sfo{qmd ;+of]hs h]lzsf r]Dhf]ªn] dlxnf Psnsf] ljh]tfnfO{ cf7 xhf/, pkljh]tfnfO{ rf/ xhf/ / t];|f] x'g]nfO{ b'O{ xhf/ ?k}ofF k'/:sf/ k|bfg ug]{ hgfOg\ . b'j} o'un ;d"xsf ljh]tfn] eg] !) xhf/ / pkljh]tfn] kfFr xhf/ / t];|f] x'g]n] b'O{ xhf/ kfFr ;o ?k}ofF kfpg]5g\ . k|ltof]lutfdf /f]6/L Snasf ;b:oafx]s cGon] eg] efu lng gkfpg] atfOPsf] 5 . k|ltof]lutfdf ;xefuL x'g eg] o'undf tLg xhf/ / Psnsf nflu b'O{ xhf/ ?k}ofF b:t'/ nfUg] atfOPsf] 5 .


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@)&! j}zfv !!, laxLaf/ | Thursday, 24 April, 2014

ljZjsk nlIft of]hgfdf sfdbf/sf] pRr dfu dfusf] ^) k|ltzt dfq sfdbf/ ls/0f 9sfn sf7df8f}+, j}zfv !) . g]kfnL sfdbf/sf] bf];f| ] >d uGtJo d'n's stf/n] kl5Nnf] ;do sfdbf/sf] dfu pRr j[l4 u/]klg dfu -l8dfG8_ cg';f/ sfdbf/ hfg ;s]sf 5}gg\ . ;g\ @)@@ df x'g] ljZjsk km'6ansf nflu clxn] xf]6n, /+uzfnf lgdf{0fsf] sfd tLj| ¿kdf eO/]sfn] sfdbf/ sfu a9]sf] Joj;foLn] atfPsf 5g\ . jflif{s ;/b/ @ nfveGbf a9L sfdbf/sf] dfu eP klg l8dfG8 k"/f x'g g;s]sf] Joj;foLsf] egfO 5 . vf;u/L, lgdf{0f If]qdf clws sfdbf/ dfu /x] klg $) k|ltzt dfu k"/f ug{ g;lsPsf] Joj;foLsf] egfO 5 . j}b]lzs /f]huf/ Joj;foL ljN6' ;fx stf/n] kl5Nnf] ;do clws dfu k7fpg] u/]sf] t/ sfdbf/ ck'u /x]sf] atfp“5g\ . …ljZjsk k'm6ansf] tof/Lsf nflu stf/df lgdf{0f If]qdf g]kfnL sfdbf/sf] dfu a9L 5Ú, ;fxn] eg], …stf/ hfg] sfdbf/ kfpg} d'l:sn 5, clxn] ^) k|ltzt dfq dfu k"/f ePsf] 5 .Ú kl5Nnf] ;do stf/n] sfdbf/sf] ;]jf ;'ljwfdf ;d]t j[l4 u/]sf] 5 . sfdbf/ cfslif{t ug{ ;]jf;'ljwfdf j[l4 u/]sf] eP klg dfu wfGg g;s]sf] ;fx atfp“5g\ . clxn] stf/n] a9Ldf !% lbgleq le;f lbg yfn]sf] Joj;foLsf] egfO 5 . ljutdf @ dlxgf;Dd s'g'{kg]{ cj:yf 

eP klg clxn] ;]jf;'ljwf ;d]t r':t kf/]sf] hgfOPsf] 5 . …sfdbf/sf nflu a9Ldf !% lbgdf le;f lbg yfn]sf] 5Ú, pgn] eg], …*) k|ltzt lgdf{0f If]qsf] l8dfG8 cfpg] u/]sf] 5, t/ hfg] sfdbf/ sd 5g\ .Ú clxn] Ole;fsf] Joj:yf /x]sfn] tTsfn nfUg] u/]sf] 5 . kl5Nnf] jif{ stf/n] sfdbf/sf] dfu;+u} tnj ;d]t j9fPsf] 5 . clxn] Toxf“ hfg] sfdbf/n] Go"gtd @% xhf/ ?k}of“ sdfpg] u/]sf] Joj;foLsf] egfO 5 . clxn] stf/n] k7fpg] dfudWo] *) k|ltzt sG6«S;g / @) k|ltzt cGo If]]qsf] /xg] u/]sf] 5 . g]kfn j}b]lzs /f]huf/ Joj;foL ;+3sf lgjt{dfg cWoIf anaxfb'/ tfdfª stf/n] ljZsk nlIft cfof]hgf lgdf{0fsf nflu cem} !) nfveGbf a9L ljb]zL

sfdbf/ lng] ePsfn] g]kfnLsf] klg dfu a9L /x]sf] atfP . t/, Tof] dfu k"/f ug{ Dofgkfj/ sDkgLn] g;s]sf] pgsf] egfO 5 . cem} % jif{ g]kfnL sfdbf/sf] dfu pRr /xg] pgn] atfP . ljZjsk nlIft of]hgfsf nflu jflif{s @ nfv hgf sfdbf/ stf/ hfg ;Sg] pgsf] egfO 5. kfl/>lds / ;]jf;'ljwf;Fu} stf/n] lgMz'Ns sfdbf/ lng yfn]sf] 5 . lgdf{0f If]qdf sfdbf/ cefj ePkl5 Toxf“sf] ;/sf/n] /fhuf/Lsf nflu hfg] sfdbf/sf vr{ /f]huf/bftf sDkgLn] g} Joxf]g]{ Joj:yf ;d]t u/]sf] hgfPsf] 5 . o;n] 7"nf] ;+Vofdf g]kfnL sfdbf/;d]t nfeflGjt x'g] cg'dfg Joj;foLsf] 5 . stf/n] ljZjsk;“u ;DalGwt a[xt\ cfof]hgfdf sfd ug]{ sfdbf/sf] ;Dk"0f{ nfut vr{

d'Vo sDkgL cfkm}+n] a]xf]g'{kg]{ Joj:yf ldnfPsf] xf] . Toxf“sf] ;'lk|d sld6L km/ 8]lne/L PG8 n]u;Ln] sfdbf/sf] lxtsf nflu eGb} o:tf] Joj:yf ldnfPsf] xf] . p;n] sfdbf/ Nofpg] k|lqmofdf klg d'Vo sDkgL cfkm}+ ;+nUg x'g'kg]{ hgfPsf] 5 . sfdbf/ Nofp“bf Dofgkfj/ sDkgLn] sfdbf/;“u c;'n u/]sf] ph'/L k/]df Tof] vr{ d'Vo sDkgLn] lkmtf{ u/fOg] stf/n] hgfPsf] 5 . stf/sf] >d P]gcg';f/ stf/df sfd ug{ hfg] sfdbf/n] nfut vr{ a]xf]g'{ kb}{g . le;f / l6s6 vr{ sDkgLn] g} Joxf]g'{kg]{df To;nfO{ cem s8fO ul/Psf] xf] . Pp6f sfdbf/ Nofpgsf nflu sDkgLn] Dofgkfj/ ;]jf z'Ns / sfdbf/sf] vr{ u/L $ ;o %) 8n/;Dd nufgL ug'{kg]{ x'G5 .

h]7 clGtdd} ;+;bdf k]z ug]{u/L ah]6sf] tof/L 6fOD; ;+jfbbftf sf7df8f}+, j}zfv !) . cy{dGqfnon] cfly{s jif{ ;'? x'g'eGbf ! dlxgf cufl8 g} ;+;bdf k]z ug]{u/L ah]6sf] tof/L ;'? u/]sf] 5 . j}zfv b];f| ] xKtfaf6 ah]6dfly zLif{sut 5nkmn ;'? u/]sf] dGqfnon] h]7 dlxgfleqdf 5nkmn ;lsg] atfPsf] 5 . dGqfnosf ah]6 tyf sfo{qmd dxfzfvfsf ;x;lrj a}s'07 cof{nn] ;"rgf k|ljlwsf] k|of]uaf6 ah]6 lgdf{0f k|lqmof cf/De eO;s]sf] / cfufdL ah]6 cfly{s jif{ ;'? x'g'eGbf ! dlxgf cufj} k|:t't ug]{u/L tof/L eO/x]sf] hfgsf/L lbP . pgn]] ljz]iftM k'FhLut vr{ a9\g g;Sg'n] ljsf; lgdf{0fdf tLj| c;/ k/]sf] atfP . ljleGg bft[ lgsfosf] ;xof]udf Gf]kfndf ;~rflnt ljsf; cfof]hgf tyf sfo{qmdsf] sfof{Gjogsf ljljw kIfdf 5nkmn ug]{ tyf ;'wf/sf If]q klxNofpg] p2]Zon] g]kfn ;/sf/ / bft[ lgsfoaLr /x]sf] ljsf; cfof]hgfsf] sfo{;Dkfbg:t/ ;'wf/;DaGwL ;+oGqsf] !# cf}+ jflif{s ;dLIff a}7s pgn] pQm s'/f atfPsf x'g\ . a}7sdf ;fj{hlgs ljQLo Joj:yfkg, ;fj{hlgs vl/b, dfgj ;|f]t Joj:yfkg, glthfd"ns Joj:yfkg ÷cg'udg tyf d"Nof+sg / kf/:kl/s pQ/bfloTj;DaGwL ljifodf ut jif{;DkGg ePsf] o;;DaGwL jflif{s a}7sdf 5nkmn eO{ :jLs[t u/]sf] sfo{of]hgfsf] ;dLIff ub}{ cfufdL jif{sf nflu sfof{Gjog ul/g] sfo{of]hgf k|:t't u/]sf]

sf7df8f}+ . ;g/fOh a}+s lnld6]8n] a}+lsª ;]jfnfO{ ;dfj]zL agfpg u|fdL0f If]qsf u|fxsju{nfO{ nlIft u/L lbuf] kl/jt{gsf nflu eGg] d"n gf/f;lxt ;g/fOh dfOqmf] a}+lsª ;]jf ;~rfngdf NofPsf] 5 . a}+ssf k|d'v sfo{sf/ L clws[t ;'/]Gb|dfg k|wfgn] zfvf sfof{no kmlk{ªcGtu{t 5}dn] uflj; # df u7g ePsf] rf}sf]6b]jL ;g/fOh ;d"xsf :yfgLo dlxnfnfO{ ;d"x hdfgLdf s[lif Pj+ Jofkf/ Joj;fo k|of]hgsf nflu lagflwtf] C0f k|bfg u/L of] ;]jfsf] pb\3f6g u/] . k|wfgn] a}+sn] k|bfg ug]{ ;]jfnfO{ ;dfj]zL ;/n ljQLo kx'Frdf g/x]sf :yfgLonfO{ l56f] 5l/tf] lsl;daf6 u|fxsd}qL ;]jf k|bfg u/L pgLx¿sf] lbuf] cfly{s pGgltdf ;xof]u ub}{ ;fgf u|fxsnfO{ eljiodf ;kmn pBdL Joj;foL aGg;Sg] / To;sf nflu a}+sn] Jofj;flos tflnd Pj+ ljQLo kx'Frsf cGo

sfo{qmd ;~rfng ub}{ hfg] atfP . pgn] of] ;]jf k|bfg ug{ x/]s zfvfdf dfOqmf] a}+lsªsf nflu 5'§} sd{rf/Lsf] Joj:yf ul/Psf], xfn kmlk{ªnufot cGo zfvf sfof{no ;'?ªf, lj/ f6rf]s, / ;'gjnaf6 / b]zsf ljleGg efudf /x]sf a}+ssf cGo zfvfaf6 klg qmdzM of] ;]jf k|bfg ul/g] atfP .

km\ofG6fsf] ld; aAnL @)!$ sf7df8f}+ . k]o kbfy{ km\ofG6fn] km\ofG6f ld; aAnL @)!$ k|:t't u/]sf] 5 . @)!# df ;'? ul/Psf] o; 6fO6nn] cfkm\gf u|fxsnfO{ km\ofG6f b lx8g 6«]h/ ld; g]kfn @)!$ sf] ;a}eGbf /dfOnf] / aAnL k|ltof]uLnfO{ ef]6 ub}{ km\ofG6f ld; aAnL lhtfpg] df}sf lbPsf] 5 . km\ofG6f ld; aAnLsf] rog klg ld; g]kfn @)!$ sf] c¿ tLg ljh]tfsf ;fy nfOe x'g] hgfOPsf] 5 . ef]l6ªdf efu lng]dWo] kfFrhgf efUozfnL ljh]tfn] km\ofG6fsf] k|ltlglwŒj ub}{ d] @, @)!$ df sf7df8f}+df ld; g]kfn @)!$ nfOe x]g]{ l6s6 lhTg]5g\ .

6fOD; ;+jfbbftf sf7df8f}+, j}zfv !) . ;+:s[lt ko{6g tyf gful/s p8\8og dGqL eLdk|;fb cfrfo{n] ;/sf/n] af/Daf/ cj;/ lbFbf;d]t c6]/ u/L /f]oN6L glt/L aGb ug]{ ;~rfnsaf6 h;/L klg aSof}tf /sd c;'n ug]{ bfaL u/]sf 5g\ . l/kf]6{;{ Sna g]kfnn] cfof]hgf u/]sf] ;fIffTsf/df pgn] Ps;ftfleq aSof}bf ga'emfpg sfg'gL k|lqmofaf6 c;'n pk/ ug]{ k||lqmofsf] ;'?cft ug]{ atfP . dGqL cfrfo{n] ;/sf/ Sofl;gf] aGb ug]{ ;f]rdf g/x]sf] :ki6 kfb}{ k'/fgf ;~rfnsn] ;'rf? gu/] gofF ;~rfnsnfO{ ;~rfng Nofpg cfÅjfg ug]{ hfgsf/L lbP . …xfdLn] Sof;gf] aGb ug{ vf]h]sf xf]Ogf+}, b]z / dhb'/sf] kIfdf o;nfO{ k||lqmofdf nfg vf]h]sf xf}+, s;}n] aGb u/]/ alrG5 eGg] ;f]r]sf] eP Tof] ;Dej 5}gÚ, pgn] eg], …;/sf/n] sfg'gL k|lqmofaf6 aSof}bf c;'N5, ljlwdf cfP

cy{dGqfno cu|;/ /x]sf] hfgsf/L u/fpFb} of] sfo{qmd cfof]hgf sfof{Gjogdf b]lvPsf] ;d:ofsf] ;dfwfg ;+o'Qm k|of;af6 ug{ kmnbfoL x'g] ljZjf; JoQm u/] . pgn] bftfx¿nfO{ ;do} zf]wegf{ tyf pko'Qm lgsf; lbg cg'/f]w;d]t u/] . bft[ lgsfosf] tkm{af6 af]Nb} ljZj a}+ssf g]kfn lgb]{zs hf]xfg; h'6n] ljZj a}+s g]kfnsf] /fhgLlts ;+qmd0f 5f]l6g] tyf cly{s tyf ;fdflhs ljsf;n] ult lng] ljZjf; JoQm ub{} ljsf; kl/of]hgfsf] sfof{Gjog ubf{ k|lqmofdf eGbf glthfdf hf]8 lbg cfu|x u/] . To:f} u/L bftfx¿sf] tkm{af6 ;+o'Qm¿kdf sfo{kq k|:t't ub}{ Pl;ofnL ljsf; a}+ssf g]kfnl:yt cfjf;Lo lgb]{zs s]lgrL of]sf]ofdfn] ;/sf/L k'FhLut vr{sf r'gf}tLx¿ pNn]v ub}{ d'Vo¿kdf Go"g ;du| k'FhLut vr{, ;dod} ah]6 sfo{qmdsf] :jLs[lt, ;/sf/L ah]6 sfof{Gjog k|lqmofsf sdhf]/Lnufot r'gf}tL cf}NofP . pgn] ljBdfg cj:yfdf b]lvPsf ;d:of tyf r'gf}tLsf af/]df af]Nb} clu|d ah]6 :jLs[lt / ;dod} vl/b Joj:yfkg x'g ;s]df k'FhLut vr{ a9\\g ;Sg]tkm{ ;/sf/sf] Wofgfsif{0f u/fP . o;sf cnfjf ah]6 sfof{Gjogdf l9nfO, af/Daf/ x'g] sd{rf/L ;?jf, hUuf k|flKt tyf ;'/Iff Joj:yfkg, 7]s]bf/sf] Go"g sfo{;Dkfbg:t/ / ckof{Kt ;'kl/j]If0f, ;fj{hlgs ljQLo Joj:yfkg tyf ;fj{hlgs vl/bsf sdhf]/Lnufot r'gf}tL;d]t pgn] pNn]v u/]sf lyP .

;+u|xfnosf] cfDbfgL j[l4 nlntk'/, j}zfv !) . ut jif{ kf6g ;+ux| fno e|d0f ug{ cfpg]sf] ;+Vofdf sdL cfP klg cfDbfgLdf eg] b'O{ nfv !% xhf/n] j[l4 ePsf] 5 . lj;+ @)^( sf] eGbf o; jif{ e|d0f ug{ cfpg]sf] ;+Vof Ps xhf/ ! ;o !# n] sdL cfPsf] eP klg ljb]zL ko{6s a9L cfPsfn] ;+ux| fnosf] cfDbfgLdf j[l4 ePsf]

Sofl;gf]af6 aSof}tf c;'n u/]/} 5f8\5f}+ M dGqL cfrfo{

;g/fOhsf] dfOqmf] a}+lsª ;]jf

lyof] . sfo{qmdsf] klxnf] ;qnfO{ ;Daf]wg ub}{ cy{dGqL 8f= /fdz/0f dxtn] cfof]hgf sfof{GjognfO{ cem} k|efjsf/L agfpg ;+oGq dxŒjk"0f{ x'g] atfP . pgn] jif{ ljuteGbf o; jif{{ j}b]lzs ;xfotfsf] k|lta4tf ul/Psf] /sdsf] k|flKtdf ;'wf/ x'g] ljZjf; JoQm u/] . pgn] gofF ljsf; ;xfotf gLlt l5§} NofOg] / o;n] cfof]hgf 5/]/ sfof{Gjog ug]{ k|j[lQdf ;'wf/ Nofpg] tyf k|fKt ;xof]usf] ;xL ;b'kof]u x'g] ljZjf; JoQm u/] . lbuf] cfly{s ljsf;, ul/aL lgjf/0f / k"jf{wf/ ljsf;sf nflu cfly{s ljsf;df hf]8 lbg'kg]{ pgsf] egfO lyof] . pgn] k|ToIf j}b]lzs nufgL tyf lghL If]qsf] nufgL ga9];Dd Go"gtd cfly{s j[l4 ;Dej gx'g] ePsfn]] nufgL cfslif{t ug{sf nflu k"jf{wf/ If]qsf] ljsf; cfjZos x'g] atfP . ;f] qmddf d'Vo;lrj nLnfdl0f kf}8]nn] j}b]lzs ;xfotfsf] Go"g k|ultdf af/Daf/ sd{rf/Lsf] ;?jfnfO{ bftfx¿n] k|d'v ;d:ofsf] ¿kdf p7fpFb} cfPsf t/, o;sf] sf/0fn] s] slt nfut -/sd tyf ;do_ j[l4 eof] st} ljZn]if0f x'g] gu/]sf] atfpFb} ;/sf/sf] ljsNk lghL If]q jf s'g} u}x|;/sf/L ;+:yf gx'g] atfP . pgn] ;/sf/ hlt pQ/bfoL c¿ If]q gx'g] ePsfn] bftfx¿n] o;df Wofg lbO{ ;/sf/L k4ltnfO{ cjnDag ug{ hf]8 lbP . pQm ;qdf cy{;lrj o'j/fh e';fnn] dGtJosf] s|ddf b]zsf] ljBdfg ;du| cfly{s cj:yf ;'wf/f]Gd'v /x]sf] / k'FhLut vr{ a9fpg

clxn]s} ;~rfnsnfO{ ;~rfng ug{ lbG5f}+ geP gofF ;~rfnsnfO{ cfÅjfg ub{5f}+ .Ú pgn] b'3{6gfkl5 Joj:ylt ug{ ;w}+sf nflu geO{ kfFr lbgsf nflu dfq} cf/f]x0f aGb u/]sf] hfgsf/L lbFb} /fi6«sf] uf}/jsf] ¿kdf /x]sf] ;u/dfyf cf/f]x0f g/f]lsg] :ki6 kf/] . cf/f]x0fsf] qmddf klxnf tLg nfv ?k}ofFdfq Ifltk"lt{ kfpg] u/]sf]df clxn] ;/sf/n] kfFr nfv / ljdfn] !) nfv ?k}ofF Ifltk"lt{;lxt cf/f]x/0fsf] qmddf dfl/Psfsf] kl/jf/sf] lzIff / e/0fkf]if0fsf] Joj:yf ;/sf/n] ug]{ atfP . pgn] ko{6g af]8{sf] l/Qm sfo{sf/L lgb]{zs l5§} lgo'Qm ug]{ k|lta4tf JoQm ub}{ cfj]bg u/]sf !@ hgf dWo]af6 lgo'Qm ul/g] atfP . dGqL cfrfo{n] ko{6g;DaGwL !( ;+3;+:yfn] lgldQ sfo{sf/L lgb]{zs ;'jf; lg/f}nflj?4 1fkg a'emfPsfn] k|lt:kwf{df eP klg pgL lgo'Qm gx'g] :ki6 kf/] .

kf6g ;+ux| fnosf clws[t ;'/z ] dfg nfv]n] atfP . lj;+ @)&) df ;+ux| fno e|d0f ug{ cfpg]df g]kfnL @! xhf/ ! ;o !%, g]kfnL ljBfyL{ @# xhf/ & ;o @#, ;fs{ /fi6«af6 cfPsf kfFr xhf/ $ ;o * / cGo d'ns ' af6 cfPsf !% xhf/ (! hgf u/L hDdf ^% xhf/ $ ;o @&

/x]sf] lyof] . To;}u/L @)^( ;fndf ;+ux| fno e|d0fdf cfpg]sf] ;+Vof ^^ xhf/ % ;o $) /x]sf] / pgLx¿sf] ] z'Nsaf6 p7]sf] /sd %) k|jz nfv $! xhf/ $ ;o !) /x]sf] lyof] . e|d0fdf cfpg]df ;a}eGbf a9L g]kfnL ljBfyL{ @$ xhf/ * ] ;o @! /x]sf / pgLx¿sf] k|jz

z'Ns sd ePsfn] cfly{s /sddf sdL cfPsf] xf]] . ut jif{ e|d0fdf cfpg]x¿af6 %@ nfv %^ xhf/ ( ;o *) p7]sf] lyof] . pgsf cg';f/ @)^( ;fnsf] eGbf ljb]zL ko{6s ] a9L cfPsf / pgLx¿sf] k|jz z'Ns g]kfnLsf] eGbf al9/x]sfn] z'Nsdf j[l4 ePsf] clws[t nfv]n] atfP . -/f;;-

g]kfnd} klxnf] ;'v{]tdf lu|g xfp; g;{/L ;'v{]t, j}zfv !) . g]kfnd} klxnf]k6s ;'v{]tdf lu|g xfp; :of6]nfO6 g;{/L :yfkgf ePsf] 5 . jL/]Gb|gu/–$ df /x]sf] e}/j ;fd'bflos jgdf lu|g xfp; :of6]nfO6 g;{/L :yfkgf ul/Psf] xf] . e}/j ;fd'bflos jg pkef]Qmf ;d"xn] pknAw u/fPsf] vfnL hUufdf g;{/L ;'? ul/Psf] lhNnf jg sfof{no ;'v{]tsf lhNnf jg clws[t zDe'k|;fb rf}/l;ofn] hfgsf/L lbP . @% nfv nfUg] cg'dfg ul/Psf] g;{/Lsf nflu 8fa/ g]kfn, e}/j ;fd'bflos jg, P;PgeL / pRr d"No s[lif j:t' ljsf; cfof]hgfn] ;xof]u u/]sf] clws[t rf}/l;ofsf] egfO 5 . g;{/Lsf nflu cfjZos

/sddWo] 8fa/ g]kfnn] !@ nfv %) xhf/, P;PgeL / pRr d"No s[lif j:t' ljsf; cfof]hgfn] ;+o'Qm ¿kdf #% k|ltzt / e}/j ;fd'bflos jg pkef]Qmf ;d"xn] !% k|ltzt /sd nufgL u/]sf] pgn] atfP . cfw'lgs g;{/Laf6 Ps nfv la?jf pTkfbg u/L lhNnfsf ljleGg uflj;df /x]sf] ;fd'bflos jg tyf ;fj{hlgs :yfgdf j[If/f]k0f ul/g] lhNnf jg sof{non] hgfPsf] 5 . To;sf nflu lhNnf jg sfof{non] ;xhLs/0f ug{]5 . g;{/Ldf hl8a'6L k|hfltsf l6d'/ pTkfbg ul/g] lhNnf jg sfof{non] hgfPsf] 5 . o; k|sf/sf g;{/Ldf la?jf /fd|f], :j:y / u'0f:t/Lo x'g] ePsfn] ;'v{]tdf o;sf] :yfkgf ul/Psf]

lhNnf jg sfof{non] hgfPsf] 5 . sfof{non] o;cl3 g} g;{/L :yfkgfsf nflu ljleGg ;+3;+:yfnfO{ ;xof]u ug{ cfu|x ub{} cfPsf] lyof] . pTkfbg g;{/Laf6 ul/Psf l6d'/sf la?jf lhNnfsf h'l/dflnsf ;xsf/L ;+:yf ;xf/]–& sf] sfo{If]q -wf/fkfgL, dfnf/fgL, ;fxf/], 3'dvx/] uflj;_, hl8a'6L ;fd'bflos jg pkef]Qmf ;d"x wf/fkfgL, /t'–# sf] sflnsf ;fd'bflos jg pkef]Qmf ;d"x / u'7'–# sf] u'7' ;xsf/L ;+:yf, ;fNdnfO{ ljz]if If]qsf ¿kdf /fv]/ ljt/0f ul/g] 5 . To;afx]ssf If]qdf klg la?jf ljt/0f ul/g] lhNnf jg sfof{nosf] of]hgf /x]sf] 5 . -/f;;_


cy{÷jfl0fHo

…Jofkf/–3f6f sd ug]{ ;/sf/sf] nIoÚ

jL/uGhsf] dfO{:yfg rf]sfdf udL{sf] df};ddf kfOg] kmnkm"n laqmL ub} Joj;foLx¿ . udL{sf sf/0f oxFf of] df};ddf kfOg] kmnkm"nx¿sf] t:jL/ M /f;; laqmL XjfQ} a9]sf] 5 .

Ph]G6sf] dfu k"/f ug{ cfu|x 6foD; ;+jfbbftf sf7df8f}+, j}zfv !) . g]kfn j}b]lzs /f]huf/ k|ltlglw Ph]G6 P;f]l;P;gn] j}b]lzs /f]huf/ P]gdf ePsf] Joj:yf kl/dfh{g ub}{ Ph]G6sf xslxt / sfdnfO{ ;Ddfg ug{ ;/sf/nfO{ cfu|x u/]sf] 5 . b]ze/ k|ToIf tyf ck|ToIf ¿kdf %) xhf/ Ph]G6 /x]sf] eGb} P;f]l;P;gn] ltgsf] clwsf/ k|Tofe"t ug{ dfu u/]sf] xf] . ljBdfg P]g / Joj:yfn] j}b]lzs /f]huf/ k|ltlglw ckm\6\of/f]df /x]sf] eGb} To;nfO{ km'sfpg'kg]{ P;f]l;P;gsf] dfu 5 . P;f]l;P;gsf cWoIf v8\uaxfb'/ >]i7n] j}b]lzs /f]huf/Ldf Ph]G6sf] dxŒjk"0f{ e"ldsf /xg] ePsfn] pgLx¿sf ;d:ofk|lt ;/sf/ / /f]huf/ Joj;foL uDeL/ aGg'kg]{ atfP . pgn] Ph]G6s} e/df Joj;fo ;~rfng x'g] ePsfn] pgLx¿sf] sfdnfO{ ;Ddfg ug'{kg]{ atfP . clxn] j}b]lzs /f]huf/ ljefun] Pshgf Ph]G6nfO{ Pp6fdfq Dofgkfj/ sDkgLdf sfd ug{ cg'dlt lbPsf] 5 . o;n] ;d]t sltko cj:yfdf ;d:of NofPsf] >]i7n] atfP . ;a} Ph]G6nfO{ Ps} 7fp“df Nofpg] / pgLx¿sf ;d:ofsf ljifodf 5nkmn ug]{ klg P;]fl;P;gn] u/]sf] hgfPsf] 5 . clxn];Dd sl/a # ;o hgf Ph]G6 dfq ljefudf cflwsfl/s ¿kdf btf{ ePsf 5g\ . Ph]G6n] @ nfv ?k}of“ w/f}6L /fv]/ Dofgkfj/ sDkgLsf] cg'dltkq;lxt ljefudf btf{ x'g'kg]{ Joj:yf 5 .

gf;fsf] cGt/f{li6«o ;8s ;'/Iff ;Ktfx sf7df8f}+, j}zfv !) -6f;_ g]kfn c6f]df]jfOn :kf]6{; P;f]l;P;g -gf;f_ n] a'waf/b]lv cGt/f{li6«o ;8s ;'/Iff ;Ktfx ;'? u/]sf] 5 . ;Ktfxsf] klxnf] lbg ;8s ;'/Iff ldl8of cjf8{ k|bfg u/]sf] 5 . PkmcfO{P kmfpG8]zgsf] ;xof]u tyf :jtGqtf cleofg g]kfn / /f]8 ;]km\6L kmf]/d g]kfnsf] ;xsfo{df ut jif{b]lv ;~rflnt o'y km/ /f]8 ;]km\6L O{g g]kfn cleofgcGtu{t ;8s ;'/Iff;DaGwL ;dfrf/ n]Vg] Pshgf kqsf/nfO{ ;Ddfg ul/Psf] xf] . ;8s ;'/Iff;DaGwL of] g]kfnsf] klxnf] /fli6«o ldl8of cjf8{ xf] . nf]s uflosf :juL{o d~h' dxtnfO{ ;dlk{t ul/Psf] ;f] cjf8, ;ef;b k]Daf nfdf, g]kfndf klxnf] ;jf/L nfO;]G; k|fKt u/]sL dlxnf d5l/b]jL lrqsf/, jl/i7 kqsf/ sgsdl0f bLlIft, 8LcfO{hL s]zj clwsf/Lnufotn] ;+o'Qm¿kdf k|bfg u/] . cjf8{df ;Ddfg;lxt !! xhf/ ! ;o !! ?k}ofF gub k'/:sf/ k|bfg ul/Psf] lyof] . cjf8{ ljt/0f sfo{qmdnfO{ ;Daf]wg ub{} ;ef;b k]df nfdfn] ;8s ;'/Iffsf] ljifonfO{ gf;fn] ax;df NofP/ gd'gf sfdsf] ;'?cft u/]sf] atfP . pgn] ;a} If]qaf6 ;8s ;'/Iffsf nflu sfd ug{'kg{] atfOg\ . ef}lts of]hgf dGqfnosf ;x;lrj ;/b k|wfgn] ;8sdf km'6kfynufot cGo Joj:yfkg ug{'kg{]df hf]8 lbP eg] 8LcfO{hL clwsf/Ln] g]kfndf ;8s b'3{6gf lgoGq0fdf 6flkms k|x/L lqmofzLn /x]sf] atfP . sfo{qmddf gf;fsf dxf;lrj uf]ljGb e§/fO{n] gf;fsf ultljlw / cjf8{sf ljifodf k|sfz kf/]sf lyP .

bnxgsf] pTkfbg 36\b} hgsk'/, j}zfv !) . wg'iff lhNnfdf bnxgafnLn] 9fs]sf] If]qkmn, pTkfbg / pTkfbsTj 36\b} uPkl5 bnxgsf nflu l5d]sL d'n's ef/tdflysf] k/lge{/tf a9\b} uPsf] 5 . ljk|]if0fsf] 7"nf] lx:;f cf]u6]sf] wg'iff lhNnfdf jif}{lkR5] bnxgafnLsf] pTkfbg 36\b} uPkl5 lbgk|ltlbg k/lge{/tfsf] vt/f a9\b} uPsf] s[lif lj1x¿ atfpF5g\ . wg'iffsf] s'n cfDbfgLsf] ^$ k|ltzt efu s[lif If]qn] cf]u6]sf] eP klg sl/a @% k|ltzt ls;fgn] dfq bnxgafnLsf] v]tL ug]{ u/]sf 5g\ . s]xL jif{ cl3;Dd wg'iffdf pTkflbt bnxg l5d]sL d'n's ef/tdf lgof{t x'Fb} cfPsf] lyof] eg] clxn] pN6} ef/taf6 bnxg cfoft x'g] u/]sf] Joj;foL atfpF5g\ . wg'iff lhNnfdf bnxgafnLsf] pTkfbgsf] tYof+s x]g]{ xf] eg] cfly{s jif{ @)^$÷)^% b]lv xfn;Dd pTkfbsTj 36\b} uPsf] lhNnf s[lif ljsf; sfof{no wg'iffn] hgfPsf] 5 . cfly{s jif{ @)&)÷)&! sf] bf];f| ] rf}dfl;sdf l5d]sL d'n's ef/taf6 cf7 s/f]8 $^ nfv ## xhf/ &^) d"No a/fa/sf] bnxg g]kfn lelqPsf] 5 . KnfG6 Sjf/]G6fOg r]skf]:6 lefdf]8sf cg';f/ ;f] cjlwdf o; gfsfaf6 $$ nfv ^* xhf/ d"Noa/fa/sf] *# bzdnj # d]l6«s6g as'nf bfn, (& nfv @^ xhf/ *) d"Noa/fa/sf] d';'/f] bfn, #& nfv #( xhf/ @ ;o a/fa/sf] $& bzdnj & ;o !% d]l6«s6g d'u bfn, rf/ s/f]8 Ps nfv ^@ xhf/ $ ;o *) d"Noa/fa/sf] ^ ;o #^ bzdnj @ ;o $% d]l6«s6g /x/ bfn, b'O{ s/f]8 #$ nfv &( xhf/ ^ ;o *) d"Noa/fa/sf] # ;o *# bzdnj ^ ;o &) d]l6«s6g rgf bfn tyf #) nfv %* xhf/ # ;o @) d"Noa/fa/sf] ^# bzdnj &!% d]l6«s6g df;sf] bfn lelqPsf] 5 . /f;;_

6fOD; ;+jfbbftf sf7df8f},+ j}zfv !) . jfl0fHo tyf ck"lt{ dGqL ;'gLnaxfb'/ yfkfn] c;Gt'ng Jofkf/ clxn]sf] k|d'v ;d:of ePsfn] o;nfO{ sd ug]{ k|d'v p2]Zo ;/sf/sf] /x]sf] atfPsf 5g\ . g]kfn pBf]u kl/;+3sf cWoIf g/]Gb| s'df/ a:Goftsf] g]t[Tjdf uPsf] k|ltlglw d08n;Fusf] e]6jftf{df pgn] pQm s'/f atfPsf x'g\ . pgn] Jofkf/–Joj;fosf] ljsf;df s]lGb|t x'g'kg]{df jfl0fHo tyf cfk"lt{ dGqfnosf] P]n]sf] sfd / w]/} ;do OGwg cfk"lt{d} vr{ ug'{kg]{ afWotf /x]sf] atfP . pgn] g]kfn cfon lgudsf] Joj:yfkgnfO{ ;jn agfpg ;/sf/n] l5§} ljz]if gLlt to ug]{ pNn]v u/] . jfl0fHo tyf cfk"lt{ /fHodGqL lu/Laxfb'/ s];L ;d]tsf] ;xeflutf /x]sf] pQm e]63f6sf] cj;/df kl/;+3sf] cWoIf g/]Gb|s'df/ a:Goftn] lgsf;L k|j4{g g} Jofkf/ 3f6f sd u/fpg] k|d'v pkfo ePsfn] lgsf;L k|j4{gsf nflu ;/sf/n] ljz]if lgof{t Kofs]h Nofpg'kg]{ atfP . pgn] lgof{t k|j4{g / cfoft k|lti7fkg ;Gbe{df cfOkg]{ ;d:of ;dfwfg ug{ k|wfgdGqL sfo{no jf pBf]u dGqfno jf jfl0fHo dGqfnodf clwsf/ ;DkGg ;]n :yfkgf xg'kg]{ dfu /fv] . pQm sfo{qmddf kl/;+3sf jl/i7 pkfWoIf xl/eQm zdf{, pkfWoIf dgf]h s]l8of, ue{lgª sfplG;nsf ;b:o lr/~hLnfn cu|jfn nufot /fli6«o kl/ifb\sf ;b:ox¿sf] pkl:yt lyof] .

cfly{s ljsf;df Oltxf; lgdf{0f ug{ bftfnfO{ cy{dGqLsf] cfu|x 6fOD; ;+jfbbftf sf7df8f}+, j}zfv !) . cy{dGqL 8f= /fdz/0f dxtn] ;Dk"0f{ bft[ ;+:yfnfO{ g]kfnsf] ljsf; sfo{qmddf ;+o'Qm¿kdf ;xefuL eO{ Oltxf; lgdf{0f ug{ cfu|x u/]sf 5g\ . cy{dGqfnosf] cGt/f{li6«o cfly{s ;xfotf ;dGjo dxfzfvfn] cfof]hgfdf j}b]lzs ;xfotfsf] ;dLIff j}7sdf cy{dGqL 8f= dxtn] bft[ lgsfonfO{ g]kfnsf aiff}{b]lv emfFluPsf ;+/rgfut ;d:ofnfO{ ;dfwfg u/L j}b]lzs ;xof]usf] cy{k"0f{ of]ubfg :yflkt ug{ cfu|x u/] . pgn] bft[ lgsfo / ;/sf/sf] ;+o'Qm k|of;af6 tLj| cfly{s ¿kfGt/0f u/L Oltxf; lgdf{0f ug{ ;Sg] atfP . …xfdLn] nfdf] lx+;fTds åGå / nfdf] /fhgLlts ;+qmd0fsfnsf afah'b ;fdflhs If]qdf /fd|f] k|ult u/]sf 5f}+,Ú dGqL 8f= dxtn] eg], …ca cfly{s j[l4nfO{ tLj|¿kdf cufl8 a9fpg'kg]{ a]nf cfPsf] 5, o;sf nflu k"jf{wf/df Jofks nufgL ug'{kg]{ vfFrf] /x]sf] 5 .Ú o;sf nlfu bft[ ;+:yfaf6 g]kfn ;//sfn] k|fyldstf tf]s]sf If]qdf 7"nf] dfqfdf ;|f]t kl/rfngsf] ck]Iff u/]sf] pgn] atfP . pgn] bftf ;+:yfaf6 k|fKt ;xof]usf] lbuf]kgf / hjfkmb]lxtf x'g] :ki6 kfb}{ k|fKt ;|f]tsf] sfo{s'zn tyf k|efjsf/L Joj:yfkg ul/g] atfP . …ljsf;sf nflu k|fKt ;xof]usf] k|efjsf/L sfof{Gjogsf nflu cfjZos ljw]os kfl/t ug]{ ;Gbe{df xfdL;Fu /fhgLlts OR5fzlQm 5, g]kfnsf] ljsf;sf nflu cufl8 a9\g] pko'Qm ;do klg xf]Ú, pgn] eg], …To;}n] g]kfnnfO{ h]

k|mfG;sf nufgLstf{ sf7df8f}+df sf7df8f}+, j}zfv !) -6f;_ . kmfG;sf nufgLstf{sf] Pp6f 6f]nL g]kfn cfPsf] 5 . phf{, d]6f« ] tyf df]gf] /]n ;~rfng, hnljB't\, b"/;~rf/, s]a'nsf/, xf]6nh:tf If]qdf k|mfG;, o'/f]k / ef/tnufot d'n'sdf nufgL ul//x]sf nufgLstf{ g]kfn cfPsf x'g\ . pgLx¿n] a'waf/ cy{dGqL 8f= /fdz/0f dxt;Fu e]6 u/]sf 5g\ . e]6df cy{dGqLn] k|mfG;sf nufgLstf{nfO{ ;+ljwfg;efsf] bf];f| ] lgjf{rgkl5 ag]sf] clxn]sf] ;/sf/n] nufgLsf] jftfj/0f cg's"n agfPsfn] g]kfndf nufgL ug{ cfu|x u/]sf 5g\ . gofF ;/sf/ ag]kl5 klxnf]kN6 cfw'lgs ko{6g a;df vrfvr el/P/ cy{dGqfnodf cfPsf k|mfG;sf nufgLstf{nfO{ :jfut ub}{ pgn] hnljB't\, ko{6g, s[lifsf] Jofj;foLs/0f / k"jf{wf/sf If]qdf nufgL ug{ cfu|x u/] . dGqL 8f= dxtn] g]kfnnfO{ pmhf{sf] ;d:of eO/x]sf], hnljB't\sf cfof]hgfaf6 pmhf{ pTkfbg l9nf x'g ;Sg] ePsf]n] ;f}o{ pmhf{df nufgL u/]/ tTsfn pmhf{sf] cfk"lt{ ug{ ;Dej /x]sfn] nufgLstf{n] nfe klg tTsfn lng ;Sg] eGb} ;f}o{ pmhf{df

cfjZos 5, xfd|f OR5fx¿ klg ;dfg 5g\, To;df ;fem]bf/L u/L tLj| ljsf;tkm{ cufl8 a9\gsf nflu ;+:yfut Ifdtfsf] vfFrf] k"/f ug{ xfdL tTk/ 5f}+ .Ú clxn] klg ;+qmd0f afFsL /x]sf] eP klg ljsf;nfO{ /f]Sg g;lsg] atfP . clxn] xfdL gLltut ¿kdf h:tf];'s} kl/jt{g u/]/ klg ljsf; k|of;nfO{ tLj|tf lbg k|lta4 /x]sf] pgn] atfP . tL gLltx¿nfO{ k|efjsf/L ¿kdf sfof{Gjog ug{ tof/ /x]sf] eGb} pgn] bftfnfO{ w]/} If]qdf 5l/P/

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@)&! j}zfv !!, laxLaf/ | Thursday, 24 April, 2014

nufgL ug{ cfu|x u/] . k"j{–klZrd tyf pQ/– blIf0f /]ndfu{ / sf7df8f}+ pkTosfdf d]6«f] tyf df]gf] /]nsf] ;DefJotf cWoog eO/x]sf] hfgsf/L lbFb} pgn] o; If]qdf nufgL ug{ klg nufgLstf{nfO{ cfu|x u/] . pgn] 6\ofs vf]ln;s]sf] t/fO{nfO{ hf]8\g] sf7df8f}+ lghu9 b|'t /fhdfu{df nufgL ug{ ;lsg] hfgsf/L klg lbP . cy{dGqLn] lghu9df j}slNks cGt/f{li6«o ljdfg:yn lgdf{0fsf] of]hgf ePsfn] nufgL ug{ cfu|x u/]sf 5g\ .lghLIf]qsf] nufgL k|j4{gsf nflu jt{dfg ;/sf/ k|lta4 /x]sf] hfgsf/L lbFb} dGqL 8f= dxtn] nufgLsf] jftfj/0fdf ;'wf/ cfPsfn] clxn] cGo b]zsf nufgLstf{ klg g]kfnsf 7"nf–7"nf kl/of]hgfdf nufgLsf] hf]lvd p7fpg yfn]sf] pNn]v u/] . pgn] 7"nf kl/of]hgfdf ;|f]t h'6fpg ;xof]u k'uf]; eGg] p2]Zon] cfO{Pkm;LnfO{ :yfgLo d'bf| df a08 hf/L ug]{ clwsf/ lbPsf] hfgsf/L lbP . nufgLstf{n] klg zx/L If]qdf jftfj/0f k|b"if0f lgoGq0fdf ;xof]u k'Ug] ePsfn] d]6«f] /]n, df]gf] /]n tyf s]a'nsf/ ;~rfng ug'{kg]{df hf]8 lbPsf lyP .

/x]sf ;xof]unfO{ ;'b[9Ls/0f u/L ;Lldt kl/of]hgfdf s]lGb|t x'g cfu|x u/] . dGqL 8f= dxtn] ;/sf/n] j}b]lzs ;xfotf;DaGwL kl/dflh{t gLlt rfF8} g} 3f]if0ff ug]{ hfgsf/L lbFb} ljsf; ;xfotfnfO{ pRr k|fyldstf lbP/ k|efjsf/L ¿kdf sfof{Gjogdf Nofpg / k};fsf] d"No :yflkt ug{ ;Ifd x'g] ljZjf; klg lbnfP . ljZj a}+ssf] /fli6«o lgb]{zs hf]xfG; h6n] g]kfnnfO{ clxn] k"jf{wf/sf] If]qdf w]/} nufgL a9fpg'kg]{ / k"jf{wf/df klg

ljz]ifu/L pmhf{ / oftfoftdf w]/} nufgL a9fpg'kg]{ atfP . pgn] clxn] ah]6 sd vr{ ePsfn] sfof{Gjog k|efjsf/L ¿kdf cufl8 a9fpg'kg]{df klg hf]8 lbP . To;}u/L csf]{ bft[ lgsfo Pl;ofnL ljsf; a}+ssf /fli6«o lgb]{zs s]lgrL of]sf]xfdfn] cfly{s j[l4sf] ;Defjgf k|z:t eP klg sd pkof]u ug{ ;lsPsf]n] g]kfnn] Ifdtf a9fpg'kg]{ ;'emfj lbP . pgn] g]kfn ca pRr cfly{s j[l4tkm{ nfUg'kg]{df klg hf]8 lbP .

g]kfn :6s PS:r]Gh lnld6]8 j}zfv !), @)&! -clk|n @#, @)!$_

qm=;+= 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131

sDkgLsf] gfd

clwstd

187 P; 8]= j}+s ln= 484 s[lif ljsf; a}s ln= 468 c?0f EofnL xfO8f] kfj/ 683 PnfOG; OG:of]= sf= ln= 156 cNkfOg 8]= j}+s ln= 904 Pl;ofg nfOkm OG:of]= sf]= ln= Pl;ofg nfOkm OG:of]= sf]= ln= k|df]6/ ;]o/ 378 120 Pk]S; 8]= j}+s ln= 134 c/lgsf] 8]= j}+s ln= 551 j}+s ckm sf7df8f}+ 780 j'6jn kfj/ s+= ln= 222 ljZjljsf; j}+s ln= 163 ljhg]z o'lge;{n 8]= j}+s ln= 887 l5d]s n3' ljQ ljsf; j}+s ln= 380 l;6L 8]= j}+s ln= 244 lSng OghL{ 8]enkd]G6 j}+s ln= 1,901 lrlnd] xfO8«f]kfj/ s+= 3,610 l;l6hG; OGe]i6d]G6 6«:6 128 slG6« 8]enkd]G6 a}+s ln= 108 skf]{/]6 8]= j}+s ln= 166 s;d; 8]= j}+s ln= 427 l;l6hG; a}s OG6/g]:gn ln= 966 l8k|f]S; 8]= j}+s 2,215 Pe/]i6 a}+s ln= 562 PS;]n 8]= j}+s ln= 267 u/Ldf ljsf; j}+s ln= 490 u'/fF; nfOkm OG:of]= sf]= ln= 275 u|fG8 j}+s g]kfn 114 xfdf dr]{G6 P08 kmfOgfG; ln= 216 xfd|f] ljsf; j}+s ln= 70 Pr P08 lj 8]= j}+s ln= 825 lxdfnog a}s ln= 118 lxdfnog l8:6n/L ln= 445 lxdfnog hg= OG:of]=sf]= ln= 236 cfOPkm;L kmfOgfG; ln= 133 OGkmfOG6Sr/ 8]= j}+s ln= 229 OG6/g]Zgn lnlhª P08 kmfOgfG; ln= 147 OG6/g]zgn 8] j}+s ln= 139 Hof]lt ljsf; j}+s ln= 100 Gof]lt ljsf; j}+s ln= k|df]6/ ;]o/ 279 hgtf j}+s g]kfn ln= 124 h]laN; kmfOgfG; ln= 199 s~rg 8]= j}+s ln= 166 sf:sL kmfOgfG; ln= 331 s}nf; ljsf; j}+s ln= 410 s'df/L j}+s ln= 97 sfi7d08k 8]= j}+s ln= 106 sf7df8f}+ kmfOgfG; ln= 305 sfS/] lecf/ ljsf; j}+s ln= 261 sfdgf ljsf; j}+s ln= 700 sflnsf dfOqmf] 8]= j}+s ln= 138 sGsfO{ ljsf; j}+s ln= 106 s/gfnL 8]= j}+s ln= 470 nIdL ljsf; ln= 168 n'DaLgL kmfOgfG; ln= 357 n'DaLgL hg/n OG:of}/]G; 3,700 nfOkm OG:of]= sf]= g]kfn 465 df5fk'R5|] j}+s ln= 423 ldt]/L 8]= j}+s ln= 160 dlNnsf ljsf; j}+s ln= 402 d]uf a}+s g]kfn ln= 233 dxfIdL kmfOgfG; ln= 545 d'lQmgfy ljsf; a}s ln= 123 dgf:n' ljsf; j}+s ln= dflqe'ld ljsf; j}+s ln= 172 glan a}+s ln= 1,940 g]kfn a+unfb]z j}+s ln= 620 g]lan Aofn]G; km'8 –! 11.5 g]kfn j}+s ln= 324 g]kfn qm]l86 PG8 sf]= j}+s 420 PgcfO8L;L Soflk6n dfs]{6 ln= 152 lgnuL/L ljsf; j}+s ln= 198 g]zgn xfO8«f] kf/ s+= 142 g]kfn OGe]i6d]G6 j}+s ln= 850 Pg cfO ;L Pl;of a}s ln= 735 g]kfn OG:of]= sf]= ln= 926 g]?B] n3' ljQ ljsf; a}s ln= 1,140 PgPn hL OG:of]= s= ln= 780 g]kfn nfOkm OG;f]/]G; sf]= ln= 5,420 g]zgn OG:of]= sf]= ln= 2,815 Pg Pd aL j}+s ln= 396 gf/fogL g]zgn kmfOgfG; sf]= ln= 199 gofF g]kfn n3' ljQ ljsf; j}+s ln= 887 g]kfn b"/;~rf/ s+= ln= 665 lgw{g pTyfg j}+s ln= 1,089 cf]/]G6n xf]6n ln= 735 Kofl;lkms 8]= j}+s ln= 324 k|fOd sdl;{on a}s ln= 471 kAnLs 8]= j}+s ln= 103 k'|8gl6on kmfOgfG; s= ln= 116 kf]v/f kmfOgfG; ln= 178 k|'8gl6on OG:of]= sf]= 405 k|fOd nfOkm OG:of] sf]= ln= 768 k|km]Zgn lbofnf] ljsf; a}s nL= 122 k|f]u]l;e kmfOgfG; ln= 121 k'l0f{df ljsf; j}+s ln= 231 /flio6«o ljdf ;+:yfg 6,198 /fOlhª 8]= j}+s ln= 180 ?n/ dfOqmf]kmfOgfG; 8]= ;]G6/ ln= 873 ;flgdf a}s ln= 475 g]kfn P; la cfO{ a}s 999 l;4fy{ j}+s ln= 561 :6\of08{8 rf6{/ j}+s ln= 1,815 l;4fy{ 8]= j}+s ln= 145 ;]jf ljsf; j}+s ln= 270 ;fOg /]l;ªuf 8]= j}+s ln= 464 ;f]N6L xf]6n ln= 510 ;flgdfdf xfO8«f] kfj/ ln= 685 ;u/dfyf OG:of}/]G; sf] ln= 1,300 l;v/ OG:of]= sf]= ln= 991 >L OGe]i6d]G6 kmfOgfG; sf]= ln= 445 l;4fy{ OG:of]/]G; ln= 569 l;Gw' ljsf; j}+s ln= 124 ;fgf ls;fg ljsf; a}}s ln= 1,250 :jf/f]huf/ n3' ljQ ljsf; j}+s ln= 1,232 ;"o{ nfOkm OG:of}]/]G; s ln 529 ;u/dfyf dr]{G6 j}+lsª PG8 kmf= ln= 139 ;'lk|d 8]= j}+s ln= 1,024 ;g/fOh j}+s ln= 401 ;'j]R5f ljsf; j}+s ln= 194 ;'lk|d 8]= j}+s ln= 113 :jfnDag ljsf; j}+s 1,135 lqe]gL ljsf; j}+s ln= 245 ltgfp 8]= j}+s ln= 200 tf/fufpF l/h]G;L xf]6n 282 o'lgs kmfOgfG; ln= 126 o'gfO6]8 kmfOgfG; ln= 201 o'gfO6]8 OG:of}/]G; sf]=-g]kfn_ ln= 630 o'lglne/ g]kfn ln= 12,903 lejf]/ ljsf; a}s nL= 115 j]i6g{ 8]enkd]G6 a}s ln= 217

s"n sf/f]af/ /sd s"n ;]o/ sf/f]af/ s"n sf/f]af/

M M M

336,831,028 568,181 2,421

Go"gtd

clGtd

184

185

km/s 2

475

484

-4

446

450

0

652

640

43

144

159

-11

865

881

20

378

385

-7

118

120

-1

126

128

6

548

549

1

770

775

5

218

221

1

160

164

-4

870

885

2

362

368

5

240

239

3

1,885

1,895

-5

3,500

3,477

73

118

120

7

105

106

2

160

169

-9

418

420

-2

948

930

36

2,190

2,187

18

551

562

-11

260

265

-2

475

466

14

260

271

-11

114

112

2

212

216

0

69

68

1

815

820

5

118

116

2

423

423

12 3

231

233

125

125

3

223

228

1

143

145

-2

136

138

1

100

100

0

275

278

1

124

122

2

193

196

3

152

166

-13

321

326

5

403

406

1

94

96

1

106

108

-2

283

278

27

256

256

5

673

698

-23

130

130

8

101

108

-7

466

475

-5

168

171

-3

338

346

11

3,510

3,591

-81

451

462

3

392

385

38

155

163

-7

396

401

-4 -4

233

237

535

545

-3

121

123

-2

160

175

-15

1,918

1,930

10

604

611

-6

11.3

11.42 0.05

315

317

4

413

419

-3

150

153

-1

192

200

-4

136

136

1

835

845

0

718

725

5

895

890

33

1,124

1,125

-1

750

740

39

5,100

5,232

168

2,700

2,700

80

386

387

3

197

201

-3

840

870

10

652

660

-5

1,070

1,060

10

704

704

31

324

330

-6

461

465

3

100

101

0

114

117

-1

176

179

-2 -11

398

409

750

759

1

119

120

0 -2

121

123

230

231

-1

5,747

5,635

563

177

174

6

855

875

-20

460

461

11

980

980

19

552

552

3

1,795

1,795

10

141

145

-3

261

268

-7

449

460

4

489

480

25 -3

671

680

1,286

1,290

0

960

975

-15

445

437

8

549

560

2

124

122

2

1,225

1,234

16

1,120

1,153

79

510

508

20

139

137

2

930

948

76

392

402

-10

194

197

-3

108

109

1

1,135

1,120

15

237

245

0

190

201

-8

260

257

25

124

128

-2

199

196

5

604

593

32

11,964

11,730 1,173

113

114

-1

211

215

1


!@

@)&! j}zfv !!, laxLaf/ | Thursday, 24 April, 2014

lh=k|=sf=b=g+= !$@–)%!÷%@, d=If]=x'=lg=b=g+= )%&÷%*

rnlrqdf dfk;]sf uLt

…8]l6ªsf] cg'ej 5}gÚ ;u'g zfxL kl5Nnf] ;do Do'lhs lel8of]df lelqPsfdWo] rn]sL df]8n x'g\ . ljz]if u/]/ cfw'lgs tyf nf]s bf]xf]/Lsf] lel8of]df b]lvg] oL df]8nsf] snfofqf Tolt nfdf] eg] 5}g . Ps jif{ lgld{t rnlrq 9'jfgL clegoaf6 snfIf]qdf kfOnf a9fPsL zfxLn] rf/ bh{geGbf dfly ;+Vofsf nf]s tyf cfw'lgs uLtsf] Do'lhs lel8of]df sDd/ dsf{O;s]sL 5g\ . Do'lhs lel8of]af6 l5§} rrf{ kfOg] / l5§} x/fOg] a'em]sL zfxLsf] rnlrq clegodf /dfpg] ;f]r klg 5 . rnlrqsf] ;kmn cleg]qL aGg] rfxfgf af]s]/ To;}cg'¿k nfluk/]sL ;u'g;Fu ul/Psf] cGt/+u s'/fsfgLsf] s]xL c+z

ub{5' . oL lel8of]af6 %) b]lv ^) xhf/;Ddsf] sdfO x'G5 . clegosf] l;nl;nfdf !) xhf/ hlt vr{ eP klg cGo ;a} art x'G5 . lel8of] clegoaf6 ;Gt'i6 x'g'x'G5 t < Do'lhs lel8of] clegonfO{ w]/}n] dgk/fO lbPsf 5g\ . To;}n] klg nuftf/ clegosf] cj;/ kfO/x]sL 5' . clegodf ;sf/fTds gsf/fTds b'j} k|sf/sf k|ltlqmof klg cfpg] u/]sf 5g\ . tL k|ltlqmofsf cfwf/df

cfkm"nfO{ kl/dfh{g ub{} cufl8 a9\g] u/]sL 5' .

dfq o;nfO{ dx;'; ug{ ;S5 . cGonfO{ a'em\gf ufx+|f] kb{5 .

UNofd/sf] af/]df tkfO{+sf] a'emfO s:tf] 5 < UNofd/ ;'Gb/tf xf] . of] JoflQmsf] x]/fOdf e/kg{] s'/f] xf] . d]/f] ljrf/df c¿sf] gh/df cfsif{s b]lvg' g} UNofd/ xf] . / xfdL ;+3È{/t Ô]q rflxF UNofd/ Ô]q xf] h:tf] nfU5 .

cfkm\gf] s'g c+u ;a}eGbf ;]S;L nfU5 / lsg < dnfO{ d]/f] z/L/sf] ;a}eGbf dgkg{] cfFvf xf] . c¿n] klg ltd|f] cfFvf g;fn' / ;]S;L 5 eG5g\ .

k|]d t ug{' ePsf] 5 xf]nf < 5}g . lsgeg] clxn];Dd dgldNg] s]6f] kfPsL 5}g . tkfO+{ rfx] kTofpg';\ jf gkTofpg';\ . k|]dL geP/ 8]l6ªsf] cg'ej klg 5}g . s:tf] s]6f rflxG5 tkfO{+nfO{ < Åof08;d x'g'k5{ eg]/ d elGbg . b]vfj6L ;'Gb/tfdf dnfO{ ljZj; 5}g . t/, dnfO{ w]/} dfof ug{] . d]/f] sfddf d]/f] k]zfnfO{ a'em\g] / x]bf{ 7Ls} nfUg] s]6f rflxG5 .

lbg s;/L laT5 < Do'lhs lel8of]df nuftf/ clego ul//x]sL 5' . o;d} Jo:t 5' . sfd gb]lvP klg lel8of] clegon] Jo:t eg] agfpFbf] /x]5 . w]/} lel8of]df df]8lnª u/] . ca km]l/ rnlrq

clego ug]{ ;f]r agfPsL 5' . tkfO+{ lel8of]sf dfWodn] ldl8ofdf 5fpg'ePsf] 5 . s] lel8of]df sdfO 5 t < d dlxgfdf sDtLdf klg %–^ j6f lel8of] clego

kqsf/ lu/L ;Ddflgt

sf7df8f}+ . ;u/dfyf cf/f]xL k|yd g]kfnL dlxnf kf;fª Nxfd' z]kf{sf] JolQmTj / s[ltTjdfly k|sfz kfb}{ pgsf] hLjgL …lxdfnsL 5f]/L kf;fª Nxfd' z]kf{Ú k':ts n]Vg] kqsf/ 8Da/s'df/ lu/LnfO{ kf;fª Nxfd' k|lti7fgn]] a'waf/ ;Ddfg u/]sf] 5 . kf;fª Nxfd'n] ;u/dfyfdfly kfOnf 6]s]sf] @! cf}+ jif{ cj;/df k|lti7fgn] kf;fª Nxfd' k|lti7f lbj; Ps eJo sfo{qmd u/L dgfof] . ;f] sfo{qmdsf k|d'v cltly k|wfgdGqL ;'zLn sf]O/fnfn] kqsf/ Pj+ n]vs lu/LnfO{ vfbf cf]9fP/ kf;fª Nxfd' ;Ddfgkqåf/f ;Ddfg u/] . kf;fª Nxfd'n] ;u/dfyfdfly ljho k|fKt u/]sf] b'O{ bzs lalt;Sbf klg pgsf] af/]df clxn];Dd s'g} s[lt n]lvPsf] lyPg . lu/Låf/f lnlvt ;f] k':tsnfO{ ;femf k|sfzgn] k|sflzt u/L ahf/df NofPsf] lyof] .

k|]dsf] s] xf] < k|]d xfjf xf] h:tf] nfU5 dnfO{ . lsgeg] of] b]lvg] lrh xf]Og . dx;'; ug{dfq ;lsG5 . hf] k|]ddf k/]sf] 5 To;n]

snfsfl/tfdf hDg UNofd/df v'Ng ;Sg'k5{ elgG5 . tkfO{+ slt v'Ng ;Sg' x'G5 < UNofd/sf] gfddf clxn] z/L/ k|bz{g ug{] w]/} 5g\ . UNod/ eg]sf] cfsif{0f klg xf] . of] k"/} vf]n]sf] eGbf cfwf b]vfPsf] emg\ cfsif{s x'G5 . To;}n] d gf/L x'g'sf] dof{bf pn+3g gu/L jfg lk;;Dd lbg;S5' . s]6fsf] s'g c+un] tkfO{+nfO{ nf]EofpF5 < s]6fsf] cfFvf dnfO{ dgk5{ . / o;n] dnfO{ nf]EofpF5 . lsgeg] s]6fsf] x]/fO{ g;fn' x'G5 . ljjfx ug{] a]nf ePg / < clxn] d]/f] ljjfx u/]/ 3/hd ug{] a]nf xf]Og . sl/c/ agfpg] a]nf xf] . klxn] sl/c/ agfpm . To;kl5 ljjfx ubf{ eOxfN5 lg . k|:t'tL M s'a]/

sf7df8f}+ . ;'/Iffsf] sf/0f b]vfpFb} ;j{;fwf/0fn] ;d]t b'Mv kfpg] u/L 6«flkms k|x/Ln] ug{] dfk;] r]lsª ;DalGwt uLt rnlrqdf klg /flvg] ePsf] 5 . lgb{z ] s /fh' lu/Lsf] lgb]z { gdf tof/ ePsf] kl5Nnf] rnlrq …6fOu/ b l/on lx/f]Ú df ;f] uLt /fVg nfluPsf] xf] . uLtsf] a'waf/ sdnfbLl:yt l8«D; :6'l8of]df /]sl8{ª ul/Psf] 5 . uLt /]sl8{ªsf] z'e ;fOt 8LcfOhL s]zjk|;fb clwsf/Ln] gl/jn kmf]8/] u/] . 6«flkms k|x/Ln] ljleGg k|of;df dfbs kbfy{sf]

r]tgf km}Nofpg] sfd ul//x]sf] 5 . oxL ;dodf rnlrqd} ;Gb]zd"ns uLt ;dfj]z x'g' /fd|f] s'/f] ePsf] 8LcfOhL clwsf/Ln] atfP . uLtsf] zAb e§/fO{n] sf]/]sf x'g\ . ch'{g kf]v/]nsf] ;+uLt /x]sf] of] uLtdf /fdhL vf“8 / k"0f{snf aL;Ln] cfjfh e/]sf 5g\ . uLtn] dfk;] u/]/ ;jf/L rnfp“bf >LdtL, k|]ldsfaf6} 6f9f x'g afWo x'g'kg{] ;Gb]z af8]sf] 5 . rnlrqdf czf]s km'of“n, z'e]R5f yfkfnufotsf snfsf/sf] clego 5 .

gf/fo0fk'/ dxf]T;jdf x]dGtsf uLt 3f]/fxL . bfªsf] gf/fo0fk'/df ut $ ut]b]lv ;'? ePsf] Jofkfl/s Pj+ ;f+:s[lts dxf]T;j a'waf/ ;ftf} lbg klg hf/L /Åof] . dxf]T;jdf a'waf/ ljleGg /fli6«o:t/sf Voflt k|fKt snfsf/n] k|:t'lt /fv] . gf/fo0fk'/ ahf/ If]qsf] Joj:yfkgsf ;fy} gf/fo0fk'/ If]qnfO{ /fli6«o:t/df klxrfg agfpg tyf gf/fo0fk'/sf] ;f+:s[lts, cfly{s Pj+ ko{6sLo ljsf; lj:tf/ k|aGwsf nflu gf/fo0fk'/ pBf]u jfl0fHo ;+3n] cfof]hgf u/]sf] dxf]T;jdf a'waf/ cfw'lgs uLtsf rlr{t ufos x]dGt zdf{, df]8n tyf nf]sbf]xf]/L uflosf Hof]lt du/, cd[tf g'+u]nL du/, cf:yf snfs]Gb| 3f]/fxLsf snfsf/ x¿sf] ljljw k|:t'ltn] dxf]T;j emg\ cfsif{s aGof] .

ufos x]dGtn] cfkm\gf gof“ tyf k'/fgf uLt k|:t't u/]/ dxf]T;jdf cfPsf bz{snfO{ gfRg afWo agfP . hf/L dxf]T;jdf z/L/e/L /f}+ g} /f+} ePsf] slknj:t'sf] xg'dfg x]g{sf nflu bz{ssf] eL8 nfUg] u/]sf] 5 . sl/a b'O{ ;oeGbf

a9L :6n /x]sf] ;f] dxf]T;jdf Jofkfl/s, s[lif tyf cGo ljleGg lsl;dsf :6nx¿sf ;fy} /dfOnf] d]nf, df?ltdf}t s'jf, /f]6]lkª em'nL, df]6/;fOsn sf/ w'ddf bz{sn] cjnf]sg tyf dgf]/~hg lnO/x]sf] cfof]hsn] hfgsf/L lbPsf] 5 .

rf}yf] cGt/f{li6{o 6\of6' dxf]T;j x'g]

ljb]zL x'g' PjlngnfO{ kmfObf d'DaO{ . eG5g\ clegodf ljb]zL d"nsL x'g' cle;fk;fljt x'G5, cj;/ kfOFb}g . t/ alnp8 rnlrq If]qdf of] egfO eg] pN6f] b]lvPsf] 5 . alnp8df hlt ljb]zL cleg]qL lelqPsf 5g\ tL ;a}nfO{ cfkm" ljb]zL d"nsL x'g' j/bfg;fljt ePsf] 5 . s}6l/gf s}km, Hofslng, gluP;, Pn]gf, Pln cj/fd, n/]g, x]hnnufot ;a} cleg]qL ljb]zL d"nsf x'g\ t/ klg alnp8 kmfk]sf] 5 . oL cleg]qLx¿ alnp8df cfkm\gf] :yfg agfpg ;kmn 5g\ / of] x'g'df k/b]zL klxnf] sf/0f xf] . ;fob To;}n] xf]nf cleg]qL Pjlng zdf{ klg alnp8df lbg k|ltlbg cfkm\gf] kfOnf dha't kfb{}l5g\ . hd{gL d"nsL oL cleg]qLsf] cfjfhdf hd{gL emNsf] cfpF5 . t/ cfkm\gf nflu oxL cfjfh nfebfos ePsf] pgL atfpFl5g\ . d]/f nflu ljb]zL d"nsL x'g' kmfObfhgs eO/x]sf] 5 . Pjlngn] elgg\, …o;}sf sf/0fn] s]xL rnlrq kfPsL 5' .Ú cleg]qL s'g ¿kdf k|:t't ug{] eGg] lgb{]zsdf lge{/ /xg] pgn] v'nfOg\ . elgg\, …d cfkm\gf] d'n'ssf] ;fy;fy} ef/tLo klx/gdf klg ;xh} b]lvg ;S5' .Ú x'g t Pjlng c+u|]hL / hd{gL rnlrq x]/]/ x'sL{PsL x'g\ . lxGbL af]Ng] afgL pgLdf 5}g . lxGbL /fd|f];Fu af]Ng cfkm"n] b}lgs cEof; ul//x]sf] pgn] atfOg\ . b}lgs @ 306f;Dd cEof;df latfpg] u/]sf] pgn] v'nfOg\ . -Ph]G;L_

sf7df8f} . oxL j}zfv !@ ut]bl] v rf}yf] cGt/f{li6«o 6\of6' dxf]T;j x'ge] Psf] 5 . tLg lbg;Dd b/af/dfu{l:yt ofs PG8 olt xf]6ndf rNg] pQm dxf]T;jdf @) d'ns ' sf *) hgf 6\of6' cfl6{:6sf] ;xeflutf /xg] /fhwfgLdf cfof]lht kqsf/ e]63f6df hfgsf/L lbOof] . g]kfn 6\of6' k|flnsf] cfof]hgfdf x'g nfu]sf] ;f] dxf]T;jsf] ;xcfof]hsdf d'cfh OG6/6]gd]G6 k|fln / df]xG; 6\of6' Og /x]sf] 5 . g]kfn 6\of6' k|flnsf lgb]{zs ljho >]i7n] clxn];Dds} ;a}eGbf a9L d'n'ssf] ;xeflutf /xg] / 6\of6' k|]dLsf] hd36 x'g] dxf]T;jsf ¿kdf rf}yf] 6\of6' dxf]T;j x'g] bfaL u/] . dxf]T;jdf 6\of6';DaGwL uf]i7L, k|lt:kwf{ tyf ;f+uLlts ;d"xsf] k|:t'lt /xg]5 .

ODk|];g klAns];g P08 ldl8of k|f= ln= åf/f k|sflzt, d'b|0f M PS;k|]; sn/ k|];, a'4gu/, sfof{no M dWojfg]Zj/, sf7df8f}+, kmf]g M $$&*!&&, km\ofS; M $$*)%%$, kf]=a=g+= !!^&@,

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