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@)&) kmfu'g @@, laxLaf/ | Thursday, 6 March, 2014

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g]kfnsf] lad:6]s cj;/ ax'kIfLo k|fljlws tyf cfly{s ;xof]usf nflu a+ufnsf] vf8Lsf] k|of; -lad:6]s_ sf] t];|f] lzv/ ;Dd]ng @% a'Fb] 3f]if0ffkq hf/L u/L Dofgdf/df ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . of] blIf0f tyf blIf0fk"jL{ Pl;ofnL ;ft d'n'ssf] pkIf]qLo d~r xf] . ;Dd]ngn] o;k6s lad:6]ssf] dxŒjk"0f{ cfGtl/s lgsfo :yfkgf u/]sf] 5 . :yfoL ;lrjfnosf] :yfkgf, dxf;lrjsf] lgo'lQm, ef/t / e'6fgdf hn tyf df};d / ;fF:s[lts pBf]u;DaGwL cfof]u u7gnufotsf sfd ePsf 5g\ . ;Dd]ngsf bf}/fg k|wfgdGqL ;'zLn sf]O/fnfn] ef/t;lxt lad:6]s ;b:o /fi6«sf zLif{ g]tf;Fu e]6jftf{ u/L / pkIf]qLo ljsf;df g]kfnsf tkm{af6 s]xL dxŒjk"0f{ k|:tfj cl3 ;f/]sf 5g\ . lad:6]s ;Dd]ngnfO{ xfd|f gofF k|wfgdGqLn] e]6jftf{sf] Pp6f /fd|f] cj;/sf ¿kdf pkof]u u/]sf 5g\ . ;a}eGbf dxŒjk"0f{ kIf t g]kfnn] lad:6]ssf] cWoIftf lnPsf] 5 . o;;Fu} ;Dd]ngsf] 3f]if0ff sfof{Gjogsf] af6f]df cl3 a9\g] cj;/ g]kfnn] kfPsf] 5 . o;af6 g]kfnn] nfe lng;Sg] 7fpF w]/} 5 .

;+ljwfg;ef lsg o:tf] < Psn] csf]{nfO{ sdhf]/ kfg{ vf]Hg' eg]sf] ;+ljwfg n]vgnfO{ c;kmn kfg'{ xf] . ToxL c;kmntfsf z[+vnfx¿ ;'? ePsf b]lvG5g\ . ;+ljwfg;efsf] bf];|f] lgjf{rg ;DkGg ePkl5 hgtfdf ;Defjgfsf, v'l;ofnLsf h'g kfn'jfx¿ knfPsf lyP, tL ;a} v;|f afn'jf aGg yfn]sf 5g\ .

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g]kfnn] If]qLo¿kdf cfkm\gf] k|fyldstfsf of]hgf sfof{Gjog ug{ kxn ug'{ h?/L 5 . o;sf nflu g]kfnn] cfkm\gf] cfwf/e"t ;d:of / k|fyldstf lgwf{/0f ug{ ;Sg'k5{ . lad:6]ssf] g]t[Tj g]kfnsf nflu bIftf b]vfpg] cj;/ klg xf] . lad:6]sdf ljutdf ePsf ;xdlt / 3f]if0ff sfof{Gjog ug{ g]kfnsf] g]t[Tj sf]z]9'+uf aGg ;Sg'k5{ . ;xdlt x'g] t/ sfof{Gjog gx'g] gld7f] ctLtaf6 blIf0f Pl;ofnL If]qLo ;xof]u ;+u7g ;fs{ u'lh|Psf]df lad:6]sdf oxL syf gbf]xf]l/of];\ eGg] z'e]R5f ;a}sf] 5 . g]kfnn] ljz]ifu/L ko{6g, hn;|f]t / s[lifnfO{ k|fyldstfdf /fv]/ b'O{kIfLo / ax'kIfLo nufgLsf nflu k|oTg ug'{ h?/L 5 . g]kfnn] o;k6s ;fs{sf] klg g]t[Tj lnFb}5 . cfufdL d+l;/df sf7df8f}+df ;fs{ lzv/ ;Dd]ng cfof]hgf u/]/ g]t[Tj lng'cl3 g} g]kfnn] lad:6]ssf] g]t[Tj lnPsf] 5 . g]t[Tj txaf6 g]kfnn] cfly{s / s'6gLlts nfe lng;Sg] u/L cl3 a9\g ;Sg'k5{ . k|wfgdGqL ;'zLn sf]O/fnfn] lad:6]sdf n'lDagL If]qnfO{ af}4 ;ls{6sf nflu cfÅjfg u/]sf 5g\ . g]kfn / ef/taLr tyf g]kfn / rLgaLr o;cl3 b'O{kIfLo jftf{ ePsf]df n'lDagLsf] ljifon] o;k6s If]qLo:t/sf] d~rdf :yfg kfPsf] 5 . gjul7t ;/sf/sf] of] ;sf/fTds yfngL xf] . ;/sf/n] cfly{s s'6gLlts s'zntfsf ;fy g]kfnsf k|fyldstfsf of]hgf If]qLo:t/d} sfof{Gjog ug{;Sg] jftfj/0f agfpg'k5{ . ;b:o/fi6«x¿n] cft+sjfb, ;Ldfkf/ ck/fw, dfgj a]rlavg, nfu"cf}ifw cf];f/k;f/lj?4 ;+o'Qm¿kdf cl3 a9\g] k|lta4tf hgfPsf 5g\ . g]kfnn] s'g} klg :j¿ksf] cft+sjfb :jLsfo{ gx'g] :ki6 wf/0ff /fv]sf] 5 . lad:6]s 3f]if0ffkqdf plNnlvt sd ljsl;t d'n'sn] ;fdgf ul//x]sf r'gf}tL klxrfg ug]{ / ljsf; k|lqmofdf ;xof]u ug]{ wf/0ff ;sf/fTds 5 . of] If]qdf cfly{s / ;fdflhs ;xsfo{, ;~hfn clej[l4, ;femf k|fs[lts ;|f]tsf] ;b'kof]u Pj+ hg:t/df ;f+:s[lts ;Dks{sf] cfjZostfdf ;Dd]ngn] hf]8 lbPsf] 5 . lad:6]s / ;fs{sf] g]t[Tj cj;/ dfq xf]Og, r'gf}tL klg xf] . g]kfnsf] cfly{s ljsf; / If]qLo s'6gLlts JolQmTjsf nflu of] cj;/ / r'gf}tL b'j} xf] . :ki6 b[li6sf]0fsf ;fy g]kfnn] cfufdL ofqf to ug'{ h?/L 5 .

cToGt} ;xh / pT;flxt tl/sfn] ;+ljwfg;efsf] bf];|f] lgjf{rg ;DkGg eof] . cfdgful/ssf] ;xeflutfn] of] ;Dej ePsf] xf] . ;f“Rr} eGg] xf] eg] hgtfn] /fhgLlts bnx¿nfO{ uNtL ;RofP/ cl3 a9\g / ;xdltsf ;fy ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f ug]{ cj;/ lbP, hgtfn] cfkm\gf] st{Jo lhDd]jf/Lsf ;fy ;DkGg u/] . ca st{Josf] kfngf / lhDd]jf/Lsf] axg ug]{ kfnf] /fhgLlts bnx¿sf] xf] . Psk6s uNtL ul/;s]sf /fhgLlts bnx¿n] cfkm"nfO{ ;Rofpg] / ;xL sfd ug]{ df}sf kfP . t/, of] df}sfnfO{ hgtfsf] cfsf+Iffdf ;xL 9+un] ptfg{sf nflu h'g ;xdltsf] rl/q ;+ljwfg;efdf, ;/sf/df / /fhgLlts tx / tKsfdf cfjZos lyof], Tof] v6\lsg yfn]sf] 5 . 7"nf kf6L{sf 7"nf g]tfx¿ km]l/ e'O“ 5f8]/ dflQg yfn]sf 5g\ . cToGt} ;xh /fhgLltnfO{ /fhgLlts bnx¿n] hl6n agfpg yfn]sf] hf] s;}n] gdL7f] cg'ej ub}{5g\ . )$^ ;fnb]lv sDo'lg:6 gfdsf] cfj/0fdf ax'bnLo ;+:sf/df x's]{sf] Pdfn] / ^ bzs nfdf] ;dfhjfbL ;+;bLo l;4fGtsf] la8f p7fPsf] sf+u|]; b'j}n] ;xh /fhgLltnfO{ k|hftflGqs d"No / dfGotfsf] cfwf/df gof“ ;+j}wflgs hu xfNg ;Sb}gg\ ls eGg] ;+zo ug]{ cfwf/ b]lvg yfn]sf 5g\ . ;a} /fhgLlts bnx¿df, g]tfx¿df of] /0fgLlt ckgfpg] xf]Og, ;xgLlt ckgfpg] ;do xf] eGg] x]Ssf /fv]sf] b]lvGg . hfnem]no'Qm x7 / cx+sf/L z7sf sf/0fn] hgtfn] lbPsf] pko'Qm

k|hftflGqs dfxf]n wldlng, ckljq x'g yfn]sf] 5 . ha d'xfg g} wldlnG5, ckljq x'G5, To:tf] ;+ljwfg;efaf6 /fhgLltsf kljq wf/fx¿ aUg] ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f x'G5 eg]/ dfGg ;lsGg . ;+ljwfg;efleq z7tGq xfjL ePkl5 /fhgLlts ladltsf aLpx¿ pd|g yfn]sf 5g\ . hgdtn] ;xdltsf] dfu{af6 ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f ug{, ;+qmd0fsf] cGTo / lgdf{0fsf] /fhdfu{ klxNofpg hgfb]z lbPsf lyP, hgdtsf] ckdfg ub}{ lxhf]sf] Pdfcf]jfbLn] h;/L ;+ljwfg;efnfO{ z7;efdf kl/0ft u/]/ ;+ljwfg;efsf] cGTo ul/lbof], To:t} rl/q cfhsf sf+u|];, Pdfn]n] b]vfpg yfn]sf 5g\ . gof“ s]xL x'G5, /fd|f] ;'?cft x'gyfN5 eGg] hgljZjf;df 7"nf bnaf6} s'7f/f3ft x'g yfn]sf 5g\ . /fhgLlts ;xdlt ug]{ xf] / Ps jif{d} ;+ljwfg n]Vg] xf] eg] zlQm ;Gt'ngsf lx;fan] klg ;efd'v Pdfcf]jfbLn] kfpg'k5{ eg]/ k]l/;8f“8faf6 cfPsf] k|:tfjdf ;+ljwfg;efsf] 7"nf bn ag]sf] g]kfnL sf+u|];n] Pdfn]nfO{ dgfpg ;s]g . Pdfn]n] /fi6«kltsf] r'gfj clxNo} u/fpg] ls ;efd'v lbP/ Ps jif{ ;/sf/ rnfpg] eg]/ /fv]sf] & a'“b] ;t{sf] aGbL aGg afWo eof] sf+u];| / Pdfn]sf ;fd' lgx'/Ld'G6L g aGof] . Pdfn]n] klxnf] ;+ljwfg;efsf c;kmn ;efWoIf ;'jf; g]DjfªnfO{ ;efWoIf agfP/ 7"n} ljho xfl;n u/]sf] ;'vfg'e"lt ul//x]5 . bf];|f] ;+ljwfg;ef klg x7 / z7;efh:tf] ;+ljwfg;ef xf] eGg] of] klxnf] k|df0f xf] . of] kl/b[Zo ;xdltsf] ;'?cft x'“b} xf]Og . ;+ljwfg;efsf] lgodfjnLdf ;xdlt x'g ;s]g . ;/sf/sf ;fem]bf/ bn g]kfnL sf+u|]; / Pdfn]aLr ;+ljwfg s;n] k|dfl0fs/0f ug]{ eGg] ljifodf 7"n} /8fsf] dlRr/x]sf] 5 . of] /8fsf]leqsf] /x:o eg]sf] ;+ljwfg hf/L ubf{ s;n] h; lng] eGg] cGtlg{lxt k|lt:kwf{ xf] . /fi6«kltn] k|dfl0fs/0f ug'{k5{ eGg] sf+u|]; / ;efWoIfn] k|dfl0ft ug'{k5{ eGg] Pdfn]sf] c8fg eg]sf] /fi6«klt sf+u];| sf] / ;efWoIf Pdfn]sf] g]tf x'g'n] xf] . cyf{t\ ;+ljwfgnfO{ sf+u|];Ls/0f / Pdfn]s/0f ug]{ clei7 of] emu8fleq cGt/lglxt b]lvG5 . lgod ag]sf] 5}g, ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f x'g] slxn] xf] slxn] < clxn] g} k|dfl0fs/0fsf] cy{xLg ax;df cNem]/ ;Qf?9 sf+u];| / Pdfn]aLr h'g dt ljefhg ePsf] 5, Tof] b]Vbf nfU5 M 5f]/f] kfpg] slxn] slxn] ef]6f] l;pg] clxn] < o:tf] dtleGgtfn] ;+ljwfg;efleq cGof]n a9]/ uPsf] 5 . bf];|f] ;+ljwfg;ef x7 / z7;efh:tf] xf] eGg] of] bf];|f] b[i6fGt xf] . k|wfgdGqL ;'zLn sf]O/fnfn] kmfu'g !& ut]

g]kfnu~h k'u]/ / bfof“afof“ z]/axfb'/ b]pjf / /fdrGb| kf}8]nnfO{ /fv]/ eg], …lul/hfafa' kLPd -k|wfgdGqL_ x'“bf To;a]nf ljkÔLx¿n] pxf“dfly 6gsk'/ a]Rof] eg]/ cf/f]k nufP, jf:tjdf 6gsk'/ ef/ts} e"ld xf], ef/tLo e"ld pxf“n] s;/L ef/tnfO{ g} a]Rg'eof] < 6gsk'/ ef/tsf] xf] . 6gsk'/ g]kfnsf] xf]Og, ef/tLo e"ld xf] . Ú k|d ;'zLn sf]O/fnfn] o;/L gof“ ljjfb v8f u/]/ lad:6]ssf] a}7sdf ;xefuL x'g Dofgdf/ uP / ef/tsf k|wfgdGqL 8f= dgdf]xg l;+x;“u xft ldnfP . t/, Tof] xft ldnfOn] ;+ljwfg;efleq ;'zLnsf] d'vaf6 lg:s]sf] 8sf/ 8'ª\8'ª\tL ugfO/x]5 . ;8sdf a'l4gf/fo0f >]i7x¿ k|df0f lnP/ 6gsk'/ g]kfns} xf] eg]/ plk|mg yfn]sf 5g\ . ;'zLn ;/sf/dfly /fi6«3ftL cf/f]k nfUg yfn]sf] 5 . of] ljjfbaf/] :ki6 kfg{ ;efWoIfn] ;/sf/nfO{ ?lnª ul/;s]sf 5g\ . ;+ljwfg;efsf cfufdL a}7sx¿ ;+ljwfg s:tf] agfpg] eg]/ xf]Og, ;'zLn sf]O/fnfsf] ;/sf/ /fi6«3ftL xf] eg]/ 8/nfUbf] ax;df xf]ldg] 5 . ;f]emf, eb| ;'zLnnfO{ ;GsfP/ if8oGqsf] rqmAo"xdf kfl/Psf] rrf{ klg ;'? ePsf] 5 . h]xf];\, ;+ljwfg;ef s;}sf] x7 / w]/}sf] z7;efdf o;/L la:tf/} 8'Ab} hfg' eg]sf] Ps jif{df ;+ljwfg aGg] jftfj/0f vnalnFb} uPsf] 5 eGg ;lsG5 . cyf{t\ ;+ljwfg;efleqsf] ;xdltsf] ;Defjgf 7"nf bnx¿sf] ;Qf / zlQm s'DNofpg] z7n] ;+qmldt x'g yfln;s]sf] 5 . ;fgf /fhgLlts bnx¿df cfz+sf a9\g yfn]sf] 5 . o;sf] b':k|efj ;dfh / /fHosf ;a} If]qdf kg{ yfn]sf] 5 . of] ;do …bfpÚ v]Ng] jf Ao"x /rgf u/]/ km;fpg] lyPg, ;a} ldn]/ ;+ljwfg n]Vg] ;do xf] . of] ;do la:tf/} v]/ hf“b}5, ljjflbt x'“b}5 . Psn] csf]{nfO{ sdhf]/ kfg{ vf]Hg' eg]sf] ;+ljwfg n]vgnfO{ c;kmn kfg'{ xf] . ToxL c;kmntfsf z[+vnfx¿ ;'? ePsf b]lvG5g\ . ;+ljwfg;efsf] bf];|f] lgjf{rg ;DkGg ePkl5 hgtfdf ;Defjgfsf, v'l;ofnLsf h'g kfn'jfx¿ knfPsf lyP, tL ;a} v;|f afn'jf aGg yfn]sf 5g\ . of] ;+ljwfg;ef klg afn'jfsf] xn'jf x'g] eof] eGg] g}/fZotf b]v]/ klg ;+ljwfg;efsf ;ef;bx¿ ;ts{ ePsf 5}gg\ . hgtf eg]sf] e]8f x'g\, hgtfnfO{ hlt klg e|ldt kfg{ ;lsG5 eGg] unt efjgf g]tfx¿df e/k'/ b]lvG5 . of] unt efjsf] cGTo tTsfn gx'g] xf] eg] o;sf] kl/0ffd 3f]/ lg/fzfhgs / g/;+xf/sf/L klg x'g;S5 . lsgls c;xdlt a9\g' eg]sf] u[xo'4 xf] / l/;sf] emf]sdf s;}n] j]b k9\b}g . h] klg x'g;S5 . 7"nf] ;d:of zf;sLo :j¿k -/fi6«klt ls k|wfgdGqL

<_ lgjf{rg k|0ffnL, ;+3Lotf -gfd, ;+Vof, ;Ldf_ x'g\ / oL ljifodf ;xdlt h'6fpgsf nflu ;a}eGbf klxn] g]tfx¿df b]zelQm x'g' h?/L 5 . o;sf nflu ;Qf / zlQm /fhgLlts k|lt:kwf{ ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f geP;Ddsf nflu /f]lsg}k5{, of] dgf]/f]u a9]sf] b]lvG5 . ;+ljwfg;efleq …cfdf3/Ú / lbnzf]ef dfldnf klg k|j]z ul/;s]sf] 5 . /fk|kf g]kfnn] lxGb"/fi6« / ;+j}wflgs /fhtGqnfO{ p7fg ug]{ eb|f] x]/]/ a;]sf] 5 . ljZjlxGb" dxf;+3 lxGb"/fi6« 3f]if0ff u/ eg]/ b]zJofkL hfu/0f cfGbf]ng ug{] t}of/Ldf h'6]sf] b]lvG5 . ;8sdf /x]sf] ## bnsf] k|ltlglwTj ub}{ g]skf–dfcf]jfbL …/fhgLlts;efÚ u/]/ /fhgLlts lgsf; lgsfNg t}of/ gx'g] xf] eg] cfGbf]ng x'G5, x'G5 eg]/ tftf] /ftf] cg'xf/ b]vfpg yfn]sf] 5 . ;s; a9\b}5, o:tf] cj:yfdf :yfgLo r'gfj / ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fsf] d"n Ph]08f s;/L ;kmn x'g;S5 < hgfb]z kfPsf /fhgLlts bnx¿ lhDd]jf/ x'g ;Sb}gg\, ;+j]bgzLn aGg ;Sb}gg\, pbf/tf b]vfpg ;Sb}gg\ / x7 / z7 g} ltgnfO{ Kof/f] 5 eg] logsf nflu …lbNnL b"/ gxLÚ xf]nf, ;+ljwfg b"/ b"/ aGb} uPsf] 5 . klxnf] ;+ljwfg;ef slxn] uf]bfj/L, slxn] xfQLjg, slxn] uf]s0f{ t slxn] a'9fgLns07 l/;f]6{x¿df a}7s a;]/ / ;xdltsf] gf6s u/]/ ;dfKt eof] . ;+ljwfg;ef / ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f ug{ ljb]zLn] pbf/k"j{s cfly{s, ef}lts / k|fljlws ;xof]u u/]sf lyP . tL ;xof]usf] cl86l/kf]6{ cfh;Dd hgtfsf ;fd' ;fj{hlgs ug]{ sfd /fHon] u/]sf] 5}g . ;+ljwfg;efsf] bf];|f] lgjf{rg ;DkGg eP/ a}7sx¿ a:g yfn]sf 5g\ . of] lgjf{rg / ;+ljwfg n]vgsf nflu km]l/ klg ljb]zLx¿n] pbf/tfk"j{s ;xof]u ul//x]sf 5g\ / tL ;xof]unfO{ :jfy{k"lt{df ¿kfGt/0f ug{ ;ef;bx¿ nfluk/]sf] b]lvFb}5 . km]l/ pxL uNtL bf]xf]¥ofpg] qmd ;'? eO;s]sf] 5 . cfly{s lxgfldgfsf] cfz+sf lgjf/0f ug]{ s'g} cl86 l/kf]6{ cfpg] ;Defjgf b]lvFb}g . ;ef;bx¿ k/hLjL, el/of dfq x'g\ ls ;fj{ef}d ;+ljwfg;efsf lg0ff{os ;b:o x'g\ eGg] låljwf a9\g yfn]sf] 5 . laxfgLn] lbgsf] df};dsf] ;+s]t u5{ eG5g\, ;+ljwfg;efsf] laxfgL s'lx/Ld08n b]Vbf ;+ljwfg;lxtsf] ;+3Lo u0ftGq g]kfnsf] eljio pHofnf] 5 eGg] ljZjf; hghgdf k6Ss} knfPsf] 5}g . hgtf ;Qf?9 ;fem]bf/ bnsf z7 / x7o'Qm lqmofsnfkaf6 lg/fz x'g yfn]sf 5g\ . ;+ljwfg;efsf ;a} bn / ;ef;bx¿ cem} g;Dxflng] <

rajan2012karki@yahoo.com

g]kfnsf] ul/aL / sf]ifsf] k'g;{/+ rgf kbd Gof}kfg]

;/sf/n] ;dfhdf /x]sf clt ul/a dlxnf, blnt / hghfltn] ;fdgf ul//x]sf ljljw ;d:ofnfO{ g]kfnsf cfjlws of]hgfx¿n] ;Daf]wg ug{ g;s]sf] :jLsf/ ub}{ @)^) ;fndf ul/aL lgjf/0f sf]ifsf] cjwf/0ff ljsf; u/L /fli6«o sfo{qmdsf] ¿kdf ;~rfngdf NofPsf] lyof] . of] cjwf/0ffn] k'FhL l;w} nlIft ;d'bfodf k'¥ofP/ ;d'bfon] cfkm\gf rfxgfadf]lhdsf cfod"ns tyf ;fd'bflos k"jf{wf/sf ljsf; Pj+ Ifdtf ljsf;sf lqmofsnfkdf ;l/s eO{ cfkm\gf] ul/aL cfkm}+ x6fpg / 36fpg lqmofzLn aGg]5g\ eGg] pRr nIo lnPsf] xf] . ul/aL 36fpg 7"nf] k'FhLn] dfq of]ubfg ub}{g, ;fgf;fgf k'FhLaf6;d]t of] xfl;n ug{ ;lsG5 eGg] dfGotfnfO{ cfTd;ft ub}{ ljZjdf n3'ljQ sfo{qmdx¿ ;~rfngdf

/x]sf 5g\ . b'?:t oxL k|s[ltsf] sfo{qmdh:tf] b]lvP klg o;nfO{ Pp6f k[ys k|lqmof / k4lt cg'¿k clt ljkGg / ul/anfO{ k'FhL / cj;/ k|bfg ug]{ u/L of] sfo{qmd ;~rfngdf NofPsf] b]lvG5 . of] cEof;nfO{ clxn] %% lhNnfdf sfof{Gjogdf NofOPsf] 5 . of] k|wfgdGqL sfof{no cGtu{tsf] /fli6«o sfo{qmd eP klg ;/sf/L ;+oGqeGbf aflx/af6 ;d'bfodf ;f]em} /sd k'¥ofpg] u/L o;sf] ;+/rgf tof/ kfl/Psf] 5 . t/ o;/L k'¥ofOFbf cg'udg k|lqmof lkmtnf] eO{ b'?kof]u x'g] ;Defjgf cf}NofpFb} :yfgLo lgsfox¿sf] l;sfot /xFb} cfPsf] 5 . olt x'FbfxF'b} klg xfn;Dd of] sfo{qmdn] ! xhf/ % ;o uflj;sf a:tL:t/df nlIft ;d'bfon] cfkm+} u7g u/]sf @$ xhf/sf] xf/fxf/Lsf ;fd'bflos ;+:yfdf ( ca{ ?k}ofF cfocfh{g lqmofsnfkdf ;d'bfonfO{ ;f]em} pgLx¿sf] vftfdf /sd k'¥ofPsf] 5 eg] # ca{ a9L /sd pgLx¿åf/f g} dfu ul/Psf ;fd'bflos k"jf{wf/ ljsf; lqmofsnfkdf ;xof]u u/]sf] 5 . of] k|lqmofdf ^ nfveGbf a9L cfly{s ¿kn] ljkGg 3/w'/Lx¿ ;fd]n eO{ ;of}+ k|s[ltsf lqmofsnfkdf ;+nUg b]lvG5g\ . /fli6«o of]hgf cfof]usf k"j{ kbflwsf/Lx¿sf] egfOdf xfn;Ddsf cfjlws of]hgfx¿n] ;dfhsf] tNnf] lgsfo ‘;d'bfo’ df a;f]af; ug]{ ljkGgx¿nfO{ ;Daf]wg ug{ g;s]sf sf/0f of] k4ltsf] ljsf; ug'{k/]sf] xf] . cEof;n] s] b]vfPsf] 5 eg] ul/ax¿sf nflu of] sfo{qmd cToGt ;xof]uL, pTk|]/s / ckgTj ;[hgf ug]{ k|lqmof / k4ltcg'¿ksf] 5 . To;}n] lxhf];Dd Ps xhf/;Dd cfkm\gf] k'FhL gePsf ljkGgx¿ clxn] o; k4ltsf] ;xof]udf ljkGgx¿ Joj;foL ag]/ nfvf}+sf] sf/f]af/ ug{ ;Sg] Ifdtf agfPsf xhf/f+} pbfx/0f b]Vg / ;'Gg kfO5 . of] cEof;af6 nlIft ;d'bfodf of] xfd|f] jf ul/asf] sfo{qmd xf] / ul/aL x6fpg of] sfo{qmdsf] lg/Gt/tf h?/L 5 eGg] dfGotfn] ca qmdzM :yfg lgdf{0f ub}{ uPsf] b]lvG5 . jiff}{+b]lv /fli6«o sfo{qmd / :yfgLo lgsfon] ;d]t klxrfg ug{ g;s]sf oL ;d'bfon] cfkm\gf] cfo:t/ a9fpg] / hLjgsf]

jiff}{+b]lv g]kfndf ul/aL lgjf/0fsf sfo{qmd ;~rfng ug{ bh{gf+} k|s[ltsf cfkm\g} of bftfaf6 cfofltt df]8]nx¿ sfof{Gjog ul/Psf] eP klg tLdWo] clxn] Psfw sfo{qmdsf] ;d]t lg/Gt/tf b]lvFb}g . /+u abNg ;Ifd ePsf] dfq geO{ :yfgLo k"jf{wf/ ljsf;df ;d]t of]ubfg u/]sf 5g\ . o:tf ultljlwn] lhNnfsf] ;du| ljsf;sf ;"rsf+sx¿df ;d]t dxŒjk"0f{ of]ubfg u/]sf 5g\ . tyflk xfn;Dd To;sf] n]vfhf]vf eO;s]sf] b]lvFb}g . ul/a ;d'bfon] ;fdflhs ljsf; / kl/jt{gdf u/]sf] of]ubfgsf] n]vfhf]vf ug]{ lbg cfPkl5 o;f] klg xf]nf . o;/L lhNnfsf] ljsf; ;"rsf+sdf u/]sf] of]ubfgsf] n]vfhf]vf ug]{ / lhNnfdf k|j]z u/fpg bx|f] ;+of]hgsf/L e"ldsf;d]t sf]ifn] ug{ g;s]sf] b]lvG5 . !) jif{sf] of] cjlwdf ;d]t o;f] ug{ g;Sg'n] s] k'li6 u5{ eg] of] ;+oGq / k4ltcg'¿ksf] sfo{qmd ;~rfng ubf{ cfjZos kg]{ km/flsnf] ;f]r, lbuf] k|lta4tfcg's"nsf] Joj:yfkg jf hgzlQmsf] klxrfg / kl/rfngdf eg] q'l6 ePsf] xf] ls eGg] k|Zg Pj+ lh1f;f p7\g yfn]sf 5g\ . pNn]lvt l6Kk0fLk|lt ul/aL lgjf/0f sf]ifsf] Wofgfsif{0f x'g h?/L 5 sLgls o;sf s]xL :ki6 cfwf/x¿ b]lvPsf 5g\ . !_ cfkm\g} ;d"xdf /x]sf] /sdsf] kl/rfng ug{] ;b:odWo] ^% k|ltzt tLgdlxgfeGbf sd vfg k'Ug] ;d'bfosf /x]sf 5g\ . &% k|ltzt dlxnfsf] ;xeflutf b]lvG5 . blnt / hghfltsf] cfa4tf %* k|ltzt /x]sf] 5 . ;d'bfodf uPsf] s'n /sdsf] *) k|ltzt /sd 3'DtL sf]ifsf] ¿kdf ;d'bfon] cfkm\g} lg0f{odf cfkm}+ kl/rfng ul//x]sf] sf]ifsf] tYofs+n] b]vfpF5 . xfn;Dd ^ nfv 3/w'/Ldf of] sfo{qmdn] 5xf/L k|bfg

u/]sf] 5 t/ of] sfo{qmddf d'Vo nufgL cg'bfg ljZj a}+ssf] dfq /x]sf] 5 . o;df g ;/sf/sf] nufgL yKg ;s]sf] 5, g cGo 7"nf bftfsf] Wofgfsif{0f ug{ ;s]sf] 5 . of] sfo{qmddf ;/sf/sf] nufgL ;"Go;/x b]lvG5 . @_ k|f/Deb]lv nufgLsf] k|efjsfl/tf / cg'udg k|lqmofdf cfz+sf p7fpFb} cfPsf :yfgLo lgsfox¿nfO{ ;+of]hg u/L ;xofqLsf] ¿kdf lxF8fpg ;s]sf] b]lvFb}g . /fli6«o sfo{qmddf ;/sf/n] ;d]t nufgL gu/]s} sf/0f lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltn] ;d]t o;df ckgTj b]vfpg ;s]sf 5}gg\ . lhNnfsf] ;du| ljsf; / lbuf] ljsf;sf ;"rsf+sdf bx|f] d2t u/] klg ;f]af/] :ki6 / k"0f{ kf/bzL{ agfpg ;s]sf] b]lvFb}g . #_ lhNnfdf /x]sf ljsf; ;fem]bf/x¿, /fhgLlts bn, gful/s ;dfh, Jofj;flos ;+3;+:yf, pBdL Joj;foL / ;~rf/ ;Da4 ;+:yf Pj+ ;~rf/sdL{x¿;Fusf] ;dGjo / kl/rfngdf /0fgLlts rf;f] b]lvFb}g . $_ ;d'bfon] u7g u/]sf] ;fd'bflos ;+:yfdf 3'DtLsf]ifsf] ¿kdf cg'bfg /sdsf] lbuf] kl/rfng / yk ;|f]t Joj:yfkgdf :ki6 cjwf/0ff / kxndf sdL b]lvPsf] 5 . %_ ;fd'bflos ;+:yf cfkm}+df cfly{s sf/f]af/ ;~rfng ug]{ j}wflgstf k|fKt ;+:yf gePsf]n] cGo ljQLo ;|f]t;Fusf] kx'Frdf ;xhtf b]lvFb}g . To:tf ;+:yfdf xfn sDtLdf yk !) ca{ ?k}ofFsf] dfu ;b:ox¿af6 eO;s]sf] eP klg To;sf af/]df g n3'ljQ ;+:yf jf

cGo a}+s tyf ljQLo ;+:yf;Fu ;dGjo u/fpg ;lsPsf] 5, g To;sf nflu tLj| kxn g} b]lvPsf] 5 . ^_ ;d'bfo / ;fd'bflos ;+:yfx¿ n3'ljQ kl/rfngsf nflu bx|f] cfwf/e"ld ag]sf] eP klg ul/aL lgjf/0fsf] d"n nIo lnP/ vf]lnPsf em08} # bh{g n3'ljQ ;+:yfx¿nfO{ cfslif{t ug]{ s'g} sfd ug{ ;s]sf] b]lvFb}g . &_ ljkGg ;d'bfon] ljsf; / ;+/If0f u/]sf gofF tyf k'/fgf k|ljlwsf] lj:tf/, :yfkgf u/]sf gofF ahf/ s]Gb|x¿sf] Joj:yfkgh:tf bh{gf}+ cEof; Pj+ pbfx/ 0fx¿nfO{ cWoog cg';Gwfg u/L ;f] ;"rgfsf] clen]v Joj:yfkg;d]t ug{ ;lsPsf] 5}g . *_ cfly{s tyf ;fdflhs ¿kn] k5fl8 k/]sf ;d'bfon] cfTd;ft u/]sf], hLjg ;'/Iffsf] cg'e"lt u/]sf, cfTdljZjf;sf ;fy cfTdlge{/tf a9fpg] sfddf of]ubfg u/]sf] o; kIfsf] lbuf]kgfsf nflu bx|f] ;+:yfut ljsf;sf nflu gjLg cjwf/0ffsf] ljsf; ug{ cfjZos b]lvG5 . jiff}{+b]lv g]kfndf ul/aL lgjf/0fsf sfo{qmd ;~rfng ug{ bh{gf+} k|s[ltsf cfkm\g} of bftfaf6 cfofltt df]8]nx¿ sfof{Gjog ul/Psf] eP klg tLdWo] clxn] Psfw sfo{qmdsf] ;d]t lg/Gt/tf b]lvFb}g . o;f] x'g'df sltko sfo{qmd k/LIf0f jf k|of]usf nflu sfof{Gjogdf NofOPsf lyP t sltko /sdsf] hf]xf] ug{ g;s]/ / sltko plrt Joj:yfkg ug{ g;lsP/ aGb k|foM eP . o;/L sfo{qmdsf] lg/Gt/tf gePsf sf/0f hgtfn] cfkm\gf] agfpg ;s]gg\ / sltkonfO{ rfx]gg\ . pNn]lvt kIfx¿sf af/]df dfq ;fdfGo Wofgfsif{0f x'g ;s]df of] sfo{qmdn] yk /fli6«o sfo{qmdsf] dfGotf klg kfpg]5 . Tolt dfq xf]Og cGo afFsL lhNnfdf sfo{qmd lj:tf/ ug{ / o;sf nflu cfjZos ;|f]t;d]tsf] Joj:yfkg x'g] b]lvG5 . xfnsf] g]kfnsf] ul/aLsf] tYof+s / k|s[ltnfO{ b|'tt/ ultdf 36fO{ :jfledfgL ;dfh lgdf{0fdf of]ubfg ug]{ ljZjf; lng ;lsG5 .

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