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Contents

CONTENTS EDITORIAL STAFF / 编辑团队 EDITORS / 编辑 Arnaud Lefevre-Baril / 百力 Bessie Wang / 王文贝 NEWS / 新闻 Anna Liu / 刘晓燕 TECHNICAL ARTICLES / 科技文章 Elaine Li / 李益楠 EVENTS / 展会会议 Anna Liu / 刘晓燕

Interviews Interview with Eric Binard and Jean-Christian Martin,Hamon Thermal Europe

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Interview with Tonie Van Zegbroeck,CTO of Industrial Business Development at GEA Process Engineering Courtoy

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Interview with Edgar Heinrichs, Product Manager (Senior Engineer) for Nuclear Products at KABELWERK EUPEN AG

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DESIGNER / 设计师 FangHua Design Inc/ 芳华设计公司 DYNABOND POWERTECH SERVICE / 代邦核讯 联系方式 Room 1509, Zhongyu Plaza, A6 Gongti North Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing, China

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Certifications

28

Events Calendar

Technical Articles Adapting Low-Cost Infrared Cameras for Use in Harsh Decommissioning Environments

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PHONE / 电话 +86-10-64681222 FAX / 传真 +86-10-64654957

The Dismantling of José Cabrera Nuclear Power Plant (Spain)

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EMAIL / 邮箱 info@dynabondpowertech.com WEBSITE / 网站 www.dynabondpowertech.com

News 36 41 45 50

Disclaimer All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form or by any means without the permission of its editors and/or its sources

Nuclear Glossary

© Dynatom is a trademark of Dynabond Powertech Service Co., Ltd.

Highlights of the Month Company News International Cooperation NPP News

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Editorial

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That happened in January:

Arnaud Lefevre

Belgian Technology in China Belgium, the center of Europe, and a

since China sees Myrrha as a way forward in treating nuclear waste;

preeminent leader in nuclear cooperation with

the second agreement was signed for the construction of a pilot

China

plant to produce mixed oxide nuclear fuel (MOX) and for the use of

In 1952 Belgium created SCK•CEN one of the first European research institutes dedicated to nuclear energy. The institute operated the reactor BR1, now dedicated to equipment calibration, the BR2 that produces the radioisotope molybdenum-99 for nuclear medicine, and the BR3, first PWR loaded with MOX fuel.

MOX in Chinese nuclear reactors with CNNC. Both projects are confidently ongoing between both governments and May 2012 Chinese Vice Premier Li Keqiang while on an official visit to Europe reiterated China’s interest in attracting more technology from Belgium.

Other activities matured in the nuclear field, with leading companies

Tractebel Engineering, a prominent engineering

still exporting their technology and expertise to China, among

authority

them we can cite Tractebel in Civil Engineering, Belgoprocess in

Tractebel Engineering, a long-standing partner of Areva, has been

the reprocessing of waste, GEA Courtoy in fuel manufacturing,

involved in China for the Ling Ao project, and provided engineering

Hamon Thermal Europe for cooling towers, and KWE Eupen in the

services. The contracts were won at the price of technology transfer

manufacturing of electric cables.

agreements. Recently, in Taishan’s EPR project, the company was

SCK•CEN the forefront of Belgian technology in China The nuclear cooperation between China and Belgium is closely associated with SCK•CEN. The institute provides expertise in the fields of radiation protection and radiation monitoring, nuclear safety, nuclear technology, innovative concepts, nuclear metrology, nuclear medicine, decommissioning of nuclear installations, and management of radioactive waste. During his official visit to Belgium in October 2010, Premier Wen Jiabao met with King Albert II and Prime Minister Yves Leterme. The leaders of the two countries signed a cooperation agreement in nuclear energy. SCK•CEN signed two international agreements to collaborate on the Myrrha project. The first is with the China Academy of Sciences,

responsible for the civil engineering studies for the reactor building. The company’s international activities represent 46% of its turnover. The nuclear branch, which accounts for 29% of the company’s revenue, is looking to expand in China, notably in the field of project engineering, fuel & core management, core optimization studies, fuel and waste storage and disposal, radwaste management and decommissioning and training in nuclear engineering.

Belgoprocess, a technology-driven, dynamic business partner in waste management. In the field of waste management, Belgoprocess signed an agreement with China National Nuclear Corporation in China as part of a consortium with Nukem Technologies GmbH for a Pyrolysis plant for the treatment and reprocessing waste. The company, in a joint venture with ATAL Engineering, recently completed the design and the construction of the final disposal facility for low-level


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Editorial

waste for the Environment Protection Department in Hong Kong.

Hamon, Jean-Francois Lambiliotte says: “for nuclear power, we

Belgoprocess is the leading entity in charge of the decommissioning

design and build the biggest, safest and tallest towers in the world,

of Eurochemic, the first reprocessing factory established in Dessel

and we will continue to transfer our technology to China”. Jean-

in 1957, and recently involved in the decommissioning of the

Christian Martin and Eric Binard, from the Sales Department at

Belgonucleaire facility that attracts much interest from CNNC.

Hamon will present their company’s business in this area.

COURTOY, the world leader in fuel and the

Kabelwerk Eupen: More than 260 years of

MOX rotary press

history in cables

This company, recently acquired by the German group GEA, located

Kabelwerk Eupen's history can be traced back to 1747. At that time,

in Halle, near Brussels, has been at the forefront of technology

the Bourseaux family had a modest workshop making all kinds of

innovation for fuel pellet fabrication. Involved in almost every type

jute ropes and hawsers. Their wide knowledge and experience,

of nuclear fuel, the company supplied its “Courtoy” to the Baotou

acquired over many decades, led the brothers Carl and August

and Yibin plants for the Chinese fuel, including the fuel for Candu,

Bourseaux to begin manufacturing cables towards the end of the

VVER, M310 and other reactors. Even though the local competition

19th century. By the early 1980s the company was supplying safety

is growing in China, Courtoy anticipated the market and expanded

cables to nuclear power plants in Europe and recently to Tianwan

with a factory in Shanghai to remain the leading rotary press

NPP phase 1 in China.

manufacturer and service supplier for its customers.

While facing fierce competition from local manufacturers, the

Its unique knowledge of the rotary press for MOX fuel positions the

company has launched an ambitious strategy in China. Its product

company as the preferred partner of CNNC’s subsidiaries. Tonie

director, Edgar Heinrichs gave an exclusive interview of Eupen

Van Zegbroeck, the head of technology for Courtoy, will introduce

history and future expansion in China.

the company’s business in this area.

The phasing out of nuclear power from some European countries

Hamon Thermal Europe, the integrator for a

seems to overshadow the industrial jewels located in the EU.

“cool” environment

Belgium has been at the forefront of the nuclear power industry

In the eighties, Hamon transferred its cooling towers technology

since the 1950’s and continued to invest in nuclear research, such

for coal-fire plants to China. Twenty years later, the company was

as the Generation IV and ITER. The rapid expansion of the Chinese

required to build the tallest and safest natural draft cooling towers

market creates a need to import mature and proven technology from

for the inland nuclear power plants. Its latest technology “the water

industrialized countries such as Belgium, and more companies.

collecting device” attracted all the engineering companies such

Government organizations such as the Wallonia Foreign Trade &

as CNPE, CNPEC and SNDPRI for the domestic and overseas

Investment Agency (AWEX) and Flanders Investment & Trade (FIT)

projects. Even if Fukushima slowed down the inland projects,

support this market which benefits China and at the same time

Hamon was required to provide its safety-cooling tower, such as the

creates jobs in Belgium.

“Civaux NPP type” a unique construction dedicated to the coolant of the primary pumps and resistant to any type of accident.

Other European countries, such as Germany, Switzerland and Italy should follow the Belgian’s example and support their industry to

Hamon has opened a factory in the nuclear industrial Park at

expand in China and transfer more technology rather than letting

Haiyan, close to Qinshan, to provide elements of the cooling tower

small lobbying groups bury years of technology and expertise.

and has trained a support team in Beijing. As the president of


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Interview of the Month

Interview with

Eric Binard and Jean-Christian Martin, Hamon Thermal Europe DPS: Mr. Binard, could you introduce yourself to us? Eric Binard:

I joined Hamon as a cooling tower Thermal

Tester in 1985 and I moved to the sales department in 1988 where I worked mainly in Pakistan, Japan and in exporting many large projects. Later I moved to the air cooled heat exchanger (dry cooling) division. I had been holding the position of Product Manager for 7-8 years being responsible for aircoolers in the oil and gas industry as well as the market of refinery and gas compressors. Due to Hamon’s strategy of diversifying production with low labor cost, I spent two years for a JV in Bhopal (India) where we built a new workshop and installed our machines. Then, I had a proposal to go to Bombay (now Mumbai) to take care of cooling towers. That’s how I came back to this division. At that time, we bought a small company, so I made the transfer of

same in Belgium. Both companies produced the cooling towers required for the new industrial processes. Achille have always stayed on the French market, while Fernand did not confine himself to his own country but turned to neighboring country— Germany, and then very quickly to the United States. These were the first two markets abroad to be developed by Hamon. The group Hamon employs around 1900 persons around the world. In our division, Hamon Thermal Europe, there are currently 200 people working in France and Belgium. We have cooling tower equipment manufacturing plants in France, India and China, and a research & development center in Belgium.

DPS: Do you provide civil engineering and construction of cooling towers? Eric Binard:

as Team Leader of Product Line for power plants. Since this year,

We cover the entire process. We have expertise in thermal and civil engineering. Hamon is the

I have been in charge of offices in Belgium, France, Turkey, Italy

only company mastering both these skills. Usually, the civil

and Russia for everything concerning cooling towers.

engineering work is subcontracted. This is part of our strategy—

technology and trained engineers. In 2001, I returned to Belgium

to be able to integrate civil engineering from a thermal aspect.

DPS: What is Hamon’s presence in the international nuclear power industry? Eric Binard: In short, we participate in the cooling process in the tertiary circuits of power plants. These are cooling towers with

large chimneys having white plumes. We are somehow “making clouds.” The first nuclear power plant we have provided is Bugey, near Lyon in France. Subsequently, we supplied Spanish nuclear power plants, Germans, Belgians and Americans.

We are the prime contractor where we can be, and have been sparing no efforts in meeting the demands of our customers.

Jean-Christian Martin:

We can provide such service

if it is required by end users. We deliver the tower fully built, including the design, the erection of tower and the installation of international components. In China, we don’t speak of that because the design is always done by a design institute, and the erection will be done a civil construction company in China. In future if the market changes, Hamon can provide site service

Hamon’s story is quite funny because there were two Hamon

besides construction like we are doing in Europe, the U.S. and

brothers, Achille and Fernand both from Brittany in France. They

India. In this case, Hamon will find a partner to do the civil work.

were the great grand uncle of our actual CEO. In 1904, Achille created a company in France, and in 1906, Fernand did the

That can be possible in China.


Interview of the Month

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DPS: What other services can Hamon provide to the nuclear industry? Jean-Christian Martin:

Hamon can provide all the services related to the cooling tower business, which means we can also provide repair and maintenance. As all the towers in China will be newly built, there will be no immediate need for maintenance. But there will be such a need in some years from now and currently there can be a need in other markets like conventional power plants. In Europe for instance, Hamon has an important activity for maintenance of cooling towers. Sometimes it’s just to keep the same performance of the cooling tower, while sometime it can be to increase a 30 year-old cooling tower’s performance because it can be upgraded with improved internal equipment. That’s also something Hamon can propose.

DPS: What is Hamon’s strategy in terms of R & D? What is the annual budget allocated for R & D? Eric Binard:

R&D represents 1.5 to 2% of our turnover, but represents 15 to 20% of the production value of goods coming from our factories. We are not a company who only lives on one existing and proven technology. One can have the impression that R&D progresses very slowly in our field of activity, but in reality we have made enormous efforts to keep a competitive advantage, being always a little ahead of others. Hamon has invested a lot in the research center.

DPS: What kinds of solutions have you made through research and development? Eric Binard:

There is an example of what we have

accomplished recently. One of the Power Plants located in Moorburg, near Hamburg in Germany, Vattenfall Europe required having the “smoke” (the plume) as less visible as possible. For this purpose, Hamon has designed (and is currently building) a plume abated fan assisted cooling tower. This cooling tower is unique in its design because it serves the two 800 MWe blocks of the Moorburg power station independently from each other. This cooling tower concept received best public acceptance because it avoids visible plumes and combines limited height – lower than the plant’s main building – and ground surface.

Hamon Research & Development center

DPS: Can this type of solution be used in nuclear power? Eric Binard:

Yes, we provide a similar solution to that of EDF’s Chinon power plant, a 4X1000 MW plant close to the Loire Valley in France. Because this area is very touristic due to the Loire castles, there should be no large visible buildings. So we found a solution to create a cooling system without high and visible tower.

DPS: Are cooling towers hazardous to the environment? Eric Binard: No, it is 100% ecological. That’s the whole point

of a cooling tower. Instead of getting cold water directly from the river, taking it through the condenser and then rejecting hot water into the river, we take only 4% of the flow. We discharge water into the river without adding any elements. There are therefore no environmental hazards. For one nuclear Power Plant we have even designed and built a specific cooling tower with water collecting devices to cool the water before discharging it into the river.


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DPS: Could you explain Hamon’s history in the nuclear market in China? Jean-Christian Martin: The Chinese nuclear market was

only composed of nuclear power plants located by the sea until the year 2007-2008. So there was no need for cooling towers. Then, the Chinese government changed and decided to launch an extensive program of nuclear power plants on river banks, so there is a market for cooling towers because you cannot directly discharge water into rivers. The rejected hot water temperature is too high and this would break the ecological balance. But the problem is nuclear power plants require very large cooling towers due to the large volume of water to be cooled. Chinese end users were wondering if they should build a much larger tower than what is usually built for thermal plants or if they should instead build two towers for one reactor unit. We have been in contact with Shandong Electric Power Engineering Consulting Institute (SDEPCI for short) they wanted to know which solutions Hamon could bring to this problem regarding to the dimensions of the towers. Our first contact with them led us to secure a contract to design the “Super Large” Natural Draft Cooling Tower of the Jiangxi Pengze Nuclear Power Plant. This was a means for us to promote technology developed by Hamon in France several years ago. This technology allows the towers to save a lot of pumping cost and energy. In the meantime, SNPTC was created, and part of SDPECI became SNPDRI (State Nuclear Electric Power Design & Research Institute). SNPDRI was interested in this technology and we signed an agreement with them to study the complete engineering of a tower for the AP1000 Nuclear Power Plant of Pengze. This Natural Draft Cooling Tower will be the largest cooling tower that has ever been built, 210 meters high with a base diameter of 170 meters. This was our first project in China. Our second major project was concluded with CGNPC for the Xianning Nuclear Power Plant. We had finalized a contract with them differently because we signed a cooperation agreement. We performed in collaboration with CGNPC for the complete design of the cooling towers for Xianning units 1 &2. Later we will supply and install the internal components of those towers.

Interview of the Month

Recently we have signed a cooperation agreement with CNPE (China Nuclear Power Engineering) belonging to CNNC. This agreement will open the door for an international cooperation with CNNC on super large cooling towers for nuclear projects inside but also outside of China. Hamon has a factory in China manufacturing the internal components of the wet cooling tower. This factory was established several years ago in Jiaxing, near Shanghai. So we can say that for cooling equipment, Hamon has good production base for the Chinese market. Hamon has also developed in China air-cooled steam condensers and indirect cooling. We opened a factory in Tianjin to manufacture the internal components of this kind of equipment at the end of 2010. This is a key step for the development of Hamon in China because there is a significant market for this type of equipment in areas where water is not available in a very large quantity. The wet cooling tower consumes some water, so when you have a limited quantity of water, you don’t want to lose any. The air-cooled steam condenser or the indirect cooling technologies allows cooling the water without any loss. That’s why we call it “dry”.

DPS: What were the main obstacles or technical challenges you have encountered in China? Jean-Christian Martin:

When Hamon first came to China, we had to understand the market and make ourselves known. Hamon became a member of an association named Partenariat France Chine Electricité (P.F.C.E.), in English France-China Electricity Partnership. This association aims to promote sustainable involvement of French SMEs / SMIs in the realization of China’s nuclear program. All its members are qualified providers of Electricité de France (EDF). We could benefit among other channels, of the help of this network. Then, our strategy was to try to find one competitive advantage to see what technology Hamon could propose to China which would differentiate us from others. We have promoted the water collecting device for the cooling tower. This system allows

Hamon Factory in China


Interview of the Month

12

plants will be built. But we are confident that the program will start again, because there is a need of energy supply so China will build more inland nuclear power plants. Of course there will be improvements in safety. Hamon is ready to work together with Chinese end users or design institutes to study the impact of cooling towers on the environment, because in the minds of the public, the cooling tower is seen as a pollution factor due to the smoke on top. But actually the cooling towers are producing clouds, and it is only vapor, so there is no pollution inside. There is no risk to the environment. In fact they’re beneficial to the environment. If you discharge too much water into the river, you will change the temperature of water, and it will affect the life in the river.

DPS: What are your future plans for the Chinese nuclear power market? What products will you provide for the Chinese nuclear power industry in the future? Jean-Christian Martin:

We do expect the inland

program to restart soon. We are sure there is high potential for Hamon equipping inland power plants. But we also want to continue the cooperation policy that we have started with different design institutes in China. We remain convinced to follow this kind of strategy.

Natural Draft Cooling Tower – Cruas Nuclear Power Plant, France

us to save energy and pumping cost of the water circulation inside the cooling tower. Inside a “classic” type of Natural Draft Cooling Tower, water is pumped from the bottom of the tower to the distribution level, so the larger a cooling tower is, the higher the pumping cost is. The system using a water collecting device allows us to collect the cold water at a higher level. So the pumping head is significantly reduced because you pump only from a short distance. Therefore, the pumping cost and the energy spent to pump the water are also significantly reduced. This technology has been installed in France for more than 25 years now. It’s a good solution for saving energy. This is what we proposed to the Chinese market when we entered this market for nuclear applications. This system is not only available for nuclear power plants, but also for conventional plants if there is a need for large towers. Hamon is the only cooling tower manufacturer that offers this kind of technology and has been proven in installations which have been running for more than 25 years.

DPS: What is Hamon’s strategy in China for coping with a Fukushima type accident? Jean-Christian Martin: We haven’t stopped working on

the two nuclear power plant projects. The design activity is ongoing. The design contracts continue, but we are now suffering from the projects being delayed and we don’t know when the

Besides inland programs, Hamon has a long experience in designing and building cooling towers for coastal power plants using sea water. We notice that the Chinese are more and more concerned about the impact of the industry on the environment. The cooling system will warm the sea water, which then severely impacts sea life in the same way we said earlier about river life. So we are convinced that if the Chinese nuclear authority decides to build a cooling tower on the coast, Hamon can play an important role there thanks to our experience worldwide in wet cooling towers used near the sea. Regarding the new type of nuclear power product proposed to China, Hamon has designed and built cooling towers in Europe for emergency purposes, we called it the Ultimate Heatsink cooling tower. It was built 20 years ago when the French nuclear programs were very active in 80s. The tower is used in case of loss of coolants to cool the reactor. The reactor can be cooled using water pumped directly from the river and going through an exchange system. But, in some cases, there could be the risk of water from the river not being available in sufficient quantity. You can also imagine that the pumping section of this water can be blocked by debris. Then, you can’t secure the cooling of a reactor in case of emergency. Hence, Hamon has designed and built some specific cooling systems for emergency purposes. We have designed this type of tower for the Civaux Nuclear Power Plant in France. This tower must resist any type of external event including natural disasters like tornados, strong wind and earthquakes. This tower is intended to remain operational whatever happens to the environment of the reactor to make sure the reactor will be cooled down.


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Interview of the Month

Interview with

Tonie Van Zegbroeck, CTO of Industrial Business Development at GEA Process Engineering Courtoy DPS: How long have you been with Courtoy, can you tell us more about your background? Tonie Van Zegbroeck:

In 1991 I started with Courtoy

as a project engineer for the French Melox project. Courtoy had just sold a pre-compaction press to Melox and they needed a project engineer to design a customized Mox press. Before that I was undertaking civil work in Africa, I worked three years in northern Mali, and I was responsible for a plaster plant, for a local competitor of Lafarge.

of industry. The first press was a mechanical single stroke press, which successors we made until ten or fifteen years ago. In 1933 Courtoy started making rotary tablet presses. We supplied to any industry that needed to convert powder into a solid shape. When you look at our range of tablet presses we have machines for very small components like rings with a 0.4 mm outer diameter and a 0.2mm center hole requiring a couple Newtons of compression force, up to 60mm diameter tablets requiring 400kN of compression force.

DPS: How long had Courtoy been involved in the manufacturing of Presses for the nuclear fuel industry prior to the Melox project? Tonie Van Zegbroeck:

we were repairing machines, that is how we started in this type

In 1969 the first nuclear fuel

rotary press was sold to Westinghouse in the US. This press is still in operation at Zyrcatec, Port Hope, Canada, which is now Cameco Fuel Manufacturing. It was bought from Westinghouse for one Dollar and I was told this Dollar is still on the desk of the president who made the transaction. They use the press now as a pre-compaction press. Five years ago I was in Zyrcatec and I saw that it was still operational. Here is one important point about Courtoy; our machines are so robust that they last a long time, which is a significant advantage for our customers.

DPS: How long has Courtoy been manufacturing presses? Tonie Van Zegbroeck: This year Courtoy celebrated its 100-year anniversary, but in the beginning the company was a

subcontractor for the reparation of small Machinery. In our area there was a lot of pharmaceutical and chemical industry and as

DPS: Is Courtoy family owned or does it belong to a group? Tonie Van Zegbroeck:

The last family members left

us in 1998, and in fact we were sold to a British holding GEI, in 1990. This company did not do so well, and the holding sold its crown jewels to GEA. Coming from a holding mainly capitalized by retirement funds, and to be sold to an engineering company like GEA made a big difference. GEA was looking at the long term, and gave us the possibility to develop new machine types, strengthen our worldwide presence and allowed us to build a new production facility.

DPS: Can you tell us how Courtoy became involved with the nuclear industry? Tonie Van Zegbroeck:

The nuclear industry originally

produced the fuel pellets using hydraulic single stroke presses, but the problem with these machines is that the cylinders and hydraulic pump contain a lot of oil. When a seal blows there is oil everywhere with a high risk of contaminating the fuel. For this reason, and the need for higher production output, the nuclear fuel pellet plants were interested in exploring other technologies. The rotary press is a purely mechanical process


Interview of the Month

14

with fully symmetrical compression from top and bottom and

the nuclear fuel plants in Kazakhstan, China, Argentina, Brazil,

a compression roller using only very small amounts of oil for

South Korea, US and Canada.

lubrication purposes. Westinghouse was the first to try a rotary tablet press for nuclear fuel production, not only because the problem of huge oil leaks was solved, but also the production output increased by three to five times.

DPS: After the US, the nuclear industry started its development in Europe, how were you involved?

DPS: Is there a particular reason these countries buy your equipment? Tonie Van Zegbroeck:

There are several reasons - the reliability is an important one but the most important is that we are the only rotary press company offering constant density compression. That is the unique feature. We have air compensators on both bottom and top compression

Tonie Van Zegbroeck: After

my position as project engineer for the Melox press, I became Engineering Manager in

rollers ensuring that each tablet is made to the same density.

Courtoy so from that moment I was involved in all the Courtoy

different heights, but all have the same density thanks to the

nuclear projects worldwide.

same compression force on each tablet.

DPS: What is the position of Courtoy in the European nuclear fuel plants?

DPS: Are you involved in the fuel production for Gen 4 nuclear power plants?

Tonie Van Zegbroeck:

As far as we know, we have at least 95% of the rotary tablet press market worldwide. In

Tonie Van Zegbroeck:

Europe, there used to be some other presses in operation but I

ago we had an agreement with the CEA in France to develop a

believe they were all replaced by Courtoy presses. DPS: What

press for the Gen 4 and that project is ongoing - it is a complete

about the rest of the world?

new design for the machine.

DPS: What about the rest of the world?

DPS: What makes a rotary press different for Gen 2, 3 or 4?

Tonie Van Zegbroeck:

If you have a look at the list

of nuclear fuel pellet plants published by the World Nuclear

Depending on the regularity of the die filling, pellets may have

Yes, the Phoenix and Superphoenix plants had our Courtoys, and a couple of years

Tonie Van Zegbroeck:

As far as I am aware, it is the

Association, all these companies use our presses except for

containment level. I understand that for the Gen 4 pellets the

the plants in Iran, North Korea and Pakistan to which we are

powders are more hazardous, so a stronger containment,

not allowed to export, and India to which we hope to receive an export license soon. In 1994 we were allowed to start exporting U02 presses to Russia, so now they use our machine as well as

GEA Courtoy in Belgium


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a more robust machine that can work without operator and

Interview of the Month

it, but it is a very difficult matter.

automatic change of tooling are important.

DPS: What represents the R&D in your new machines? Tonie Van Zegbroeck:

Let’s say for a regular uranium press, there are not that many novelties. Remember that the nuclear industry is quite conservative. In 2007 when I became

DPS: You mentioned that your Courtoy rotary press lasts for a quite a long time, how can you have a sustainable business if your clients do not place new orders regularly? Tonie Van Zegbroeck: My biggest challenge is to find new business in all kinds of industries. The nuclear business

involved in the worldwide sales of our presses I contacted all

itself is quite constant thanks to our worldwide export. Besides

our clients in the nuclear industry and asked them for feedback

new machine sales, we propose upgrades to our installed

about our machines, the changes and improvements required,

base. There has been a change from wet granulation to dry

and in fact there were a couple of issues we have been working

granulation for which we made the holdup / hold down system to

on to improve the reliability, but almost all our clients did not

make sure there are no cracks when ejecting the tablet, but for

want to change the machine’s features or dimensions. This

the rest, maybe dry granulation has a better flow so we propose

means there have not been so many changes to our machines

a double rotary feeder but the compression itself is still the

over recent years, it is only recently that we have been talking

same.

about and experimenting with an online checking of density, so all the pellets coming from the machine will be measured in height, diameter and about twenty of them will be weight checked. From the height and the diameter you can calculate the density and the density can be fed back into the machine and then the control system can correct either the compression force or the weight of the tablet and so keeps the tablet within density and height specifications.

DPS: Do you have any feedback from your customers regarding the behavior of the fuel pellet and how you can improve your machine? Tonie Van Zegbroeck:

Yes, one of the things that everyone is looking at in the nuclear industry is to make the tablet net shape. Let me explain: When you compress uranium, or whatever powder, you always have internal powder friction. This results in a density gradient reducing towards the middle of the pellet. So even when you press at constant density internal powder friction reduces the compression force inside the pellet and as a consequence the density is less in the middle. This is observed by the hour glass shape of the pellet after sintering, as the pellet diameter is a little bit less in the middle. A centerless

DPS: Do you have a dedicated place and team in factory for the nuclear press? Tonie Van Zegbroeck:

The same project manager handles all nuclear projects and we have the same team of people who will assemble the R53/R57 presses. This guarantees a constant high ISO 9001 standard which is the same for nuclear and non-nuclear machines.

DPS: When did GEA Courtoy start working with China? Tonie Van Zegbroeck:

The first nuclear press was delivered Yibin in 1986 and the press is still in operation.

DPS: Let’s go back to China, you sold to Yibin and later expanded, tell us more about this. Tonie Van Zegbroeck:

Yes, Yibin bought several

machines, I think the last one delivered was at the end of 2007. China is an important market for us, there are so many nuclear power plants being built that there is a need for fuel. Nuclear

grinding machine is used to get an exact cylindrical shape as the

energy is not expanding in Europe, so we need to find a market

tolerance between the pellet and the cladding must be very well

for these machines in other parts of the world. We are aware

controlled for correct heat dispersion when used in the reactor.

China is developing new types of reactors and we are willing to

If pressing could result in a perfect cylindrical part after sintering

be involved in these projects, helping to optimize the process of

the grinding process could be omitted and no grinding waste

making the pellets with these new specific reactors.

would be generated. We are working on those things to improve


Interview of the Month

16

DPS: You set up a new factory in Shanghai; what are its objectives in the Chinese market?

assemble-to-order principle as the number of options are limited

Tonie Van Zegbroeck:

The Chinese market, not only nuclear, is growing very fast, and it was decided that some labor

of the powder is always the same, so the flow characteristics do

intensive products could be made in China for the worldwide

it, so the machine is very standardized.

compared to machines made for other industries. To give you an idea, in the pharmaceutical environment, 95% of the recipient not change a lot. The tablet has to be small so you can swallow

market like the intermediate bulk container (IBC). After other requirements from the Chinese market surged other products were transferred to China and now we are expanding this factory for the whole Asian market.

The non-pharmaceutical applications are much more difficult. For example if you take a ball pen, the tungsten ball is pressed with a compression force of a couple of kilograms, if we talk

DPS: Are you sourcing the steel materials in China? Tonie Van Zegbroeck: I remember at the beginning that

some of the stainless steel grades were shipped from Europe,

about the detergent industry, the compaction is around 20 tons, and for some projects the compression is much higher, we had a project in Australia where the compression was 35 tons, so there is a very wide range of diameters, a wide range of compression

but I believe that now the stainless steel is purchased locally.

DPS: Does it mean that you can find the same grade of raw material in China? Tonie Van Zegbroeck: As far as I understand, China has made big improvements in steel and raw material that you

can find for your local manufacturing. However I do not know if the steel is completely local or partially imported.

DPS: How many persons are working in your GPCN factory in Shanghai? GEA Shanghai

Tonie Van Zegbroeck: It is growing very fast. Ten years ago, it was a couple of hundred, but now it’s already up to 787 people and is increasing every month. We are planning to look for another facility, and this will be the third time GPCN will have moved in ten years. In addition to an increasing production there is project engineering and customer care service for a lot of the GEA portfolio.

DPS: Is your factory in Shanghai involved in the nuclear market? Tonie Van Zegbroeck:

So far not, but we do make

pharmaceutical Courtoy Modul S tablet presses for the Asian market. These presses are produced in small batches. In the nuclear field, products are more engineered to order so you need to have the engineering capabilities and the organization to build and test a single machine. For the pharmaceutical market, the machines are made on the

forces, and wide range of flow of materials.

DPS: Do you have any plan to use this factory in Shanghai to be more involved in the nuclear market for maintenance or technical support? Tonie Van Zegbroeck:

We indeed have a team in Shanghai. Jurgen Boecks, our former R&D manager at Courtoy, heads up the Courtoy business unit. Besides a sales and maintenance team, he also develops a team to assemble the Modul S press. His maintenance people can support the nuclear field and we also have a very experienced Belgian expat in the maintenance field located in Thailand and from there he can easily reach our customers in Asia for support on the larger maintenance jobs.


17

DPS: Are you involved in the manufacturing of pellets for the AP1000? Tonie Van Zegbroeck: All AP1000

pellets made so

far use the Courtoy press. There have been some studies on

Interview of the Month

DPS: Are you also involved in the other reactors such as the EPR, or the new Gen 3 NPP? Tonie Van Zegbroeck:

GEA Process Engineering

Courtoy™ presses is involved and we have confidentiality

the internet about the AP1000 pellets, and what Westinghouse

agreements with some companies in that field. We are an

wants to do is to increase the output of the reactor. One of the

engineering company and we work closely with all the big

studies shows that WEC wants to make a pellet with a big hole inside so that there is not only cladding on the outside, but also cladding on the inside so the cooling could be done from both

players worldwide, such as WEC, Areva, CEA, KNFC, and CNNC to optimize their productions, not forgetting the Russians.

by 30%. So typically now on some reactors the tablets have a

DPS: So your technology improvements depend on the feedback from your customers, right?

hole in the center to keep the core cool, but there are a lot of

Tonie Van Zegbroeck :

sides allowing the reactor power output capacity to increase

possibilities with a tablet with a bigger core.

I think that is the key, it is

important to visit our customers on regular basis to hear what the problems are, their future aspirations, and offer solutions.

DPS: Areva, Rosatom and KHNP market their technology worldwide. Do they ask you to be their main partner in their international projects? Tonie Van Zegbroeck: With Areva we sold two presses to KNFC for their projects in South Korea. Areva is also involved in India. We cannot export to India although we have a purchase order. The Belgian and Indian governments are working on a bilateral nuclear agreement so we can export to India. There are other orders from Areva, because they sold their technology overseas and they consistently recommend a Courtoy press.

DPS: China is going overseas, such as to Argentina; do you plan to become a strategic partner of CNNC and the other Chinese players for the international market? Tonie Van Zegbroeck: We already provided our nuclear fuel pellet presses to Argentina and Brazil. We have proved we have the experience to design and manufacture machines for nuclear pellets and we hope we can have Chinese partners to expand to other markets. We would love to be part of CNNC projects.

Nuclear Fuel Pellet Press


Interview of the Month

18

Interview with

Edgar Heinrichs, Product Manager (Senior Engineer) for Nuclear Products at KABELWERK EUPEN AG DPS: Can you tell us about your background and how long have you been working for Eupen? Edgar Heinrichs:

with DBE qualification (the so-called K1 cables), or for the radiation-intensive area (so-called K2 cables) or for the periphery (the so-called K3 cables). Nowadays a lifetime expectation of 60 years has become a usual criterion.

After completing my degree in elec-

tro-technology, I started at KABELWERK EUPEN in 1979, at that time as the technical manager of the installation and accessories department (cable terminations and splices). For 10 years I have been assigned to the marketing department where I act as Product Manager and where I observe the worldwide market trends which I can take account of in EUPEN’s products range.

DPS: Eupen was created in 1747, can you tell us what kind of cables were used at that time, and how did you expand to the nuclear cables of today? Edgar Heinrichs: In 1747, the native Bourse aux family started with the production of hemp ropes, which were mainly used in the maritime sector. At the beginning of the 20th century the same owner family,

My function as a Senior Engineer allows me to have intensive

Bourseaux, gained lots of experience with the stranding tech-

external contact with our customers, and internal contact with

nology and they launched the production of simple electrical

various departments such as development, production, test laboratory and quality control. Nowadays, my main activity is concentrated on the nuclear cable range.

cables. Further on, the products were adapted to the constant technical development of electro-technology and later also to communication technology. At the beginning of the 1980s these products

DPS: Are you specialized in the business development for only nuclear cables or all cables? Edgar Heinrichs: KABELWERK EUPEN is well-known as a full range supplier of electrical cables. Simple wires, low and medium voltage power cables, control and instrumentation ca-

were designed to meet the strict requirements of the first nuclear power stations in Belgium: Doel and Tihange.

DPS: Is Eupen only located in Belgium? Edgar Heinrichs: The entire management, administration and production processes are at the same location, the city of

bles for all possible industrial applications including telecommu-

Eupen in the German-speaking area of Belgium. Our name KA-

nication cables - either as symmetrical copper cables or coaxial

BELWERK EUPEN also comes from this geographical situation,

cables, and even fiber optic technology are components of our

and most of our customers just call our company “EUPEN”.

product range. Decades of experience with these product fami-

Additional sales offices and logistic centers are scattered world-

lies stimulated us in the 1980s to bring some of our products up

wide. You will find the name “EUPEN” in nearly all those external

to nuclear standard, this means cables for the containment area

company names.


19

Interview of the Month

ar cables are developed, manufactured and tested in our own

DPS: How large is your company?

installations in Eupen. Even the compounds for isolation and

Edgar Heinrichs: At present, some 930 people work in

tory. In the same way, the cable constructions are defined in our

the company located in Eupen. This is a huge number if one considers that EUPEN is still a private company. The company area extends over 335,000m², of which approxi-

sheath materials have been developed in our in-house laboraown design department, the production is done in-house, from the wire drawing to the outer sheath. All necessary tests are performed in strict accordance with the ISO 9000 rules. Basically, we follow the relevant cable standards such as IEC or EN, both the nuclear standards IEEE 383/323 or RCC-E, and the fire standards according to IEC or EN. Customer specific requirements are regularly taken into consideration. The specific cable range K1 is produced with particularly close attention and care, as it will be involved in the safe function of nuclear power plants.

DPS: Are your users located mostly in Europe or elsewhere? Edgar Heinrichs:

As long as we can meet the relevant

standards, we are present world-wide. One should know that we limit our production to metric sections as well as to the standards IEC, EN and most of the common European national standards. For the Chinese market, we supplied to SNERDI and to JNPCE for the Tianwan 1&2 project in 2003.

Fire propagation - bundle test- at Kabelwerk Eupen laboratory

mately 145,000m² is buildings and production lines.

DPS: Your nuclear cables are halogen free, can you tell us what is the main difference with the US-based cables? Edgar Heinrichs:

For many years, halogen-free safety

cables for public buildings have been an important market for

DPS: How many types of cables have your factory designed and manufactured? Edgar Heinrichs: Due to the widespread product range it

EUPEN. We have profited from this experience while deciding to go for a nuclear cable range too.

is quite difficult to give a concrete number during more than 100

As everyone knows, the nuclear world is divided into a halo-

years of Eupen’s history. Let’s just say that some 32,882 differ-

gen-free solution (used in most of the European countries) and a

ent cable calculations can be found in our system today.

non-halogen-free solution (practiced in the USA and the Russian area).

DPS: A few companies manufacture the nuclear cable, in particular the K1. Can you tell us if Eupen is involved in the design of the cable as well? Edgar Heinrichs:

As with all the other types, the nucle-

EUPEN exclusively supplies halogen-free products to the nuclear market and we are committed to contribute this way to the general safety of nuclear power stations.


Interview of the Month

20

LOCA-test device at Kabelwerk Eupen laboratory

DPS: Can you tell us about your cooperation with Westinghouse, are you involved in the AP1000 project? Edgar Heinrichs:

In the frame of the Ringhals project,

Westinghouse Sweden is a good and faithful customer. We confront with the specifications of the new type AP1000. We are able to fulfill the conditions for the cables in this type of reactor. Additionally, each reactor will foresee project-related and national specifications.

demanding, and concern the lifetime of the cables in a nuclear environment, their behavior in case of fire and their functionality in case of a nuclear accident (DBE).

DPS: Particularly regarding fire, flow (inundation) and LOCA resistance, did you see new specifications? Edgar Heinrichs:

DPS: Since Fukushima, many safety aspects have been required in the design and manufacturing of components. Have you been impacted by the new safety requirements? Edgar Heinrichs:

standards for nuclear cables have always been very high and

Not directly, the testing and safety

Basically, the standard IEEE 383/323

as well as the RCC-E (France) dominates in this field. Additionally, specific requirements of the different reactor types will have to be met. These requirements concern the radiation doses, the temperature and pressure profiles and other functional requests. EUPEN has always been anxious to test the products according to the parameters of world-wide existing projects and reactors.


21

DPS: How much cable is used in a nuclear power plant and what kind of cable? Edgar Heinrichs:

It is very difficult to indicate an exact

amount. We produce a huge number of different cable types which will be used in the most diverse applications and in lots of different plant installations. The whole cable provision never comes from one single supplier, but as the buildings in an NPP become more and more com-

Interview of the Month

crucial factors. In the long-term, it will also be a political decision about the “local content” of a nuclear project in China. At that time, cables coming from purely Chinese manufacturers will get their chance.

DPS: Eupen is one the rare foreign companies that have the HAF 604 certification. Since when have you been doing business in China?

pact, the actual cable need shrinks too. This need seems to be

Edgar Heinrichs:

around 120-150km of K1 cable per unit.

with N°1008 in 2010. This certification is valid until 2015. With-

We obtained the HAF 604 certificate

out this certification any export to China in the frame of nuclear

DPS: Can you tell us the difference between K2 and K3 cable? Edgar Heinrichs: This is quite simple: due to the location where they are used, K2 cables must have a certain radiation

power projects would be absolutely impossible.

DPS: The competition for K3 cable is local and the K1 is international, how can you show your competitive advantage?

resistance, whereas K3 cables are installed, in principle, in ra-

Edgar Heinrichs: We respect the Chinese K3 market and

diation-free environments. However, both types are subject to a

therefore concentrate on the K1 sector, as long as the tender

very strict production supervision and follow-up.

allows its separation from K2/K3. We take advantage of our long experience with these K1 products, but we also know that the

DPS: A few companies in China can manufacture the K1 cable, but still the EPC prefer to import the K1 from foreign companies, including Eupen. How do you explain this? Edgar Heinrichs:

Chinese K1 market is a target for many international players. Another important factor is a permanent presence near to the Chinese customers in order to obtain and retain their confidence.

Long experience and references are

Production plant in Eupen - Belgium


Interview of the Month

22

DPS: China will build more AP1000s, and other Gen 3 nuclear power plants. Does this strategy affect the technical requirements for your company? Edgar Heinrichs: We expect the inquiries for these plants of the so-called 3rd generation. These specifications will then show us if the solution which we offered in the past will still be applicable.

1. Typical Nuclear pair twisted and screened Instrumentation cable

In terms of safety, we expect higher requirements, which is due to the Fukushima accident.

DPS: What are the main hurdles your company faces in China as regards to the competition? Edgar Heinrichs:

As I said at the beginning, EUPEN is

a family company. Our company’s structure permits only a limited number of personnel and capital dedicated to this large, but

2. Typical Nuclear pair twisted and screened Instrumentation cable (bundel construction)

quite adventurous market such as in China.

The language and the mode of expression can be a handicap. Even if one agrees on the common denominator of the English language, misunderstandings and different interpretations are almost inevitable - technically competent translator services are

3.Typical Nuclear Power Cable

scarce.

Subscribe to our free Newsletter and Magazine! Email us at info@dynabondpowertech.com or fax us at +86-10-64654957 your; Name: Email: Title: Company: Fields of interests:


A4 Blatt China Nuclear 2_A4 Blatt London Nuclear 18/12/12 14:54 Seite 1

23

Interview of the Month

Kabelwerk EUPEN AG is an independant and fully integrated manufacturer of Electric Cables & Wires, employing 930 people in its factories in Belgium. es

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Fibre Optics) and last but not least Halogen-free Fire Safety Cables.

experience in manufacturing 1E-LOCA qualified cables and cables

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Within the last product family, EUPEN also stands for 30 years

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The product range includes MV & LV Power Cables, Instrumentation

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Interview of the Month

24


Jan

2013

HAF 604 Certifications

Corporation

Equipment

Safety Level

Range

Registration Date

Russia

Pump

Class 2 & 3

Design & Manufacture

2012-12-28

Russia

Valve

Class 2 & 3

Design & Manufacture

2012-12-28

USA USA Russia Russia Russia Russia Russia Russia Russia Russia

Casting and Forging Casting and Forging Pressure Vessel Tank Pipes and pipe fittings Heat exchanger Reactor Internals Control rod drive mechanism Brace Valve

Class 1, 2 & 3 Class 1 Class 1 Class 2 & 3 Class 2 Class 1 Class 2 Class 2 Class 2 & 3 Class 2 & 3

Manufacture Manufacture Design Design Design Design Design & Manufacture Design & Manufacture Design Manufacture

2012-12-28 2012-12-28 2012-12-28 2012-12-28 2012-12-28 2012-12-28 2012-12-28 2012-12-28 2012-12-28 2012-12-28

Germany

Brace

Class 2

Design & Manufacture

2012-12-28

Russia

Tank

Class 2 & 3

Design & Manufacture

2012-12-28

Russia

Mechanic penetrating piece

Class 2 & 3

Design & Manufacture

2012-12-28

Russia

Heat exchanger

Class 3

Design & Manufacture

2012-12-28

Russia

Valve

Class 2 & 3

Design & Manufacture

2012-12-28

Russia

Flange

Class 2 & 3

Design & Manufacture

2012-12-28

Russia Russia

Tank Mechanic penetrating piece

Class 2 & 3 Class 2 & 3

Design & Manufacture Design & Manufacture

2012-12-28 2012-12-28

Certifications

Country

25

Limited Liability Corporation “The Lebedyan Machine-building Plant” Closed Joint Stock Company “Scientific and production firm “CENTRAL VALVE DESIGN BUREAU” PRL Industries,Inc Ameriforge Corporation JSC OKB “GIDROPRESS” JSC OKB “GIDROPRESS” JSC OKB “GIDROPRESS” JSC OKB “GIDROPRESS” JSC OKB “GIDROPRESS” JSC OKB “GIDROPRESS” JSC OKB “GIDROPRESS” JSC 《Kontur》 GERB Schwingungsisolierungen GmbH & Co. KG Limited Liability Company “ Atomspetsservice” Limited Liability Company “ Atomspetsservice” Limited Liability Company “ Atomspetsservice” Limited Liability Company “ Atomspetsservice” Limited Liability Company “ Atomspetsservice” Limited Liability Company “Polesye” Limited Liability Company “Polesye”


Certifications 26

Corporation

Limited Liability Company “Polesye” Limited Liability Company “Polesye” Public Joint-Stock Company “ TYAZHMASH” PDTI «Atomarmproect» JSC «Soyuz-01» Firm Japan Casting & Forging Corporation Joint Stock Company "Enmash" Patriot Forge Co. Metaltek International Wisconsin Centrifugal VILMAR S.A. WYMAN GOLDON LTD Manoir Industries PITRES Manoir Industries CUSTINES PI Castings Ltd Ukraine Sumei Dynamic Pump Factory E4-Central Dynamic Installation Joint Stock Company E4-Central Dynamic Installation Joint Stock Company E4-Central Dynamic Installation Joint Stock Company Joint-Stock-Company “Specialized scientific research institute for instrumentation engineering” Nuclear Logistics, Inc. KROHNE Messtechnik GmbH BERNARD CONTROLS S.A.

Country Russia Russia

Heat exchanger Brace

Equipment

Safety Level Class 3 Class 3

Design & Manufacture Design & Manufacture

Range

Registration Date

Russia

Brace

Class 2

Manufacture

2012-12-28

Russia Russia Japan Russia Canada

Valve Valve Casting and Forging Valve Casting and Forging

Class 2 & 3 Class 2 & 3 Class 1 Class 2 & 3 Class 1, 2 & 3

Design Design & Manufacture Manufacture Manufacture Manufacture

2012-12-28 2012-12-28 2012-12-28 2012-12-28 2012-12-28

USA

Casting and Forging

Class 1, 2 & 3

Manufacture

2012-12-28

Romania UK France France USA Ukraine

Casting and Forging Casting and Forging Casting and Forging Casting and Forging Casting and Forging Pump

Class 1 Class 1, 2 & 3 Class 1, 2 & 3 Class 1 Class 2 & 3 Class 2 & 3

Manufacture Manufacture Manufacture Manufacture Manufacture Design & Manufacture

2012-12-28 2012-12-28 2012-12-28 2012-12-28 2012-12-28 2012-12-28

Russia

Pipes and pipe fittings

Class 2 & 3

Manufacture

2012-12-28

Russia

Brace

Class 2 & 3

Manufacture

2012-12-28

Russia

Flange

Class 2 & 3

Manufacture

2012-12-28

Russia

Cabinets

1E

Manufacture

2012-12-28

USA Germany France

Sensor Sensor Valve Drive

1E 1E 1E

Design Design & Manufacture Design

2012-12-28 2012-12-28 2012-12-28

2012-12-28 2012-12-28


Jan

2013

HAF 601 Certifications

Corporation

China Nuclear Industry 22nd Construction Corporation Dongfang Electric Group Dongfang Boiler Group Co., Ltd.

Equipment

containment vessel Pressure vessel

Safety Level Class 2

Installation

Range

Registration Date

Class 1

Manufacture

2013-1-24

2013-1-22

Dongfang Electric Group Dongfang Boiler Group Co., Ltd.

Tank

Class 2

Manufacture

2013-1-24

Dongfang Electric Group Dongfang Boiler Group Co., Ltd.

Heat exchanger

Class 2

Manufacture

2013-1-24

Dongfang Electric Group Dongfang Boiler Group Co., Ltd.

Brace

Class 1

Manufacture

2013-1-24

Shanghai Valve Factory Co., Ltd.

Valve

Class 1,2 & 3

Design & Manufacture

2013-1-22

China Nuclear Pow er Design Company Ltd. (Shenzhen)

Pipes and pipe fittings

Class 2 & 3

Design

2013-1-23

Valve

Class 2

Design & Manufacture

2013-1-22

Pipes and pipe f ittings

Class 1 & 2

Manufacture

2013-1-23

China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation (CSIC) The 719 th Research Institute Jiangsu Huayang metal pipes Co., Ltd.

pipes and pipe fittings, gate valve, mechanical feedthroughs Pipes and pipe fittings

Class 1 & 2

Design

2013-1-23

Class 1, 2 & 3

Manufacture

2013-1-23

Jiangsu Biaoxin Kubota Industrial Co., Ltd.

main pipe

Class 1

Manufacture

2013-1-23

27

Jiangsu Shentong Valve Stock Co. Huzhou Jiuli Extrusion Special Steel Co., Ltd.

Certifications


Events Calendar

28

Events Calendar

Changchun Beijing Tianjin Ji’nan Xi’an

zhengzhou Shanghai

Chongqing

Yunnan

Xiamen Shenzhen

1. 2013 The 15th China International Industrial Control Automation and Instrumentation (jinan) Exhibition Date: 2013/03/15-2013/03/17 Add: Jinan International Convention Center Contact: Qingdao Jinnuo Convention Company

Contact: Li Man

Tel: 0532-80771360

Tel: 0531-81219080

Website: http://www.jn-smtm.com/

Website: http://www.chinaieme.com/English/

2. The 10th China(Tianjin)International Equipments Manufacturing Industries Expo Date: 2013/03/06-2013/03/09 Address: Tianjin Meijiang Convention & Exhibition Center Contact: Jin Fengju Tel: 022-66224086 Website: http://www.hpse.com.cn/Item/Show.asp?m=1&d=1823

5. The 14th Shenzhen International Machinery Manufacturing Industry Exhibition Date:2013/03/28/-2013/03/31 Add: Shenzhen exhibition centre Contact: Mr Xu Tel: 0755-83458749 Website: http://www.simmexpo.com/en/

3. 2013 The 16th Xi’an Equipments Manufacturing Industries Expo

6 . 2 0 1 3 3 r d Yu n n a n I n t e r n a t i o n a l E q u i p m e n t Manufacturing Exposition

Date: 2013/03/14-2013/03/17

Date: 2013/03/28-2013/03/30

Address: Xi’an Qujiang International Convention Center Contact: Zhang Lu Tel: 029-88153918 Website: www.cn-hpf.com

4. The 8th China Shandong International Equipment Manufacturing Industry Exposition

Add: Kunming Convention Center Contact: Xujiao Tel: 18213980454 Website: www.ynzbh.com

Date: 2013/03/05-2013/03/07

7. 2013 the 14th Changchun International Engineering Machinery Construction, Machinery Mining, Machinery and Engineering Vehicles Exposition

Add: Jinan international exhibition hall

Date: 2013/03/21/2013/03/24


29

Add: Changchun International Convention Center Contact:Wangxue Tel: 0431-86766871 Website: http://www.wdexpo.com.cn/news.asp?pageclass =10101&id=258

8. 2013 China (Xiamen) International Power Equipment & Smart Grid Construction Expo Date: 2013/0/321-2013/03/23 Address: Xiamen International Convention Center Contact: Jianghong Tel: 0592-5078295 Website: http://www.pesgexpo.com/index.html

9. The 13th China Metal and Metallurgy Exhibition Date: 2013/03/28-2013/03/30 Add: Chongqing international exhibition hall Contact: Chen Youjiang Tel:023-67745022 Website: http://www.cmpi.cn/index.asp

10. The 13th China Casting and forging sheet metal and metal forming exhibition Date: 2013/03/28-2013/03/30

Events Calendar

11. The 15th China zhengzhou welding and cutting exhibition Date: 2013/03/28-2013/03/31 Add: Zhengzhou International Exhibition Centre Contact: Shen Huabing Tel: 13592507710 Website: http://www.ccieme.com.cn/inner-zz.asp?Pid=62

12. 2013 China Air-conditions Energy Saving and Heat Pump Date: 2013/03/21-2013/03/23 Address: Beijing Exhibition Center, China Contact: Li Guangtao Website: http://www.kongtiaoexpo.com/cn/index.asp

13. 2013 China (Shanghai) Heat Pump & Ancillary Equipment Exhibition Date: 2013/03/11-2013/03/13 Address: Shanghai Guangda Convention Center Contact: Lin Qing Tel: +8618930202626 Website: http://hostgx.w15.ivip.cn/rbsly/index.asp-lan=en.htm

Add: Chongqing international exhibition hall

14. China International Hydraulic pressure and Sealings Exhibition

Contact: Zhu Hang

Date: 2013/03/06-2013/03/09

Tel: 13883620171

Address: Tianjin Meijiang Convention & Exhibition Center

Website: http://www.cmpi.cn/index.asp

Contact: Jin Fengju Tel: 022-66224086 Website: http://www.zhenweiexpo.com/tjzw/en/zlsk.html


Technical Articles 30

Technical Articles Adapting Low-Cost Infrared Cameras for Use in Harsh Decommissioning Environments The Dismantling of JosĂŠ Cabrera Nuclear Power Plant (Spain)


31

Adapting Low-Cost Infrared Cameras for Use in Harsh Decommissioning Environments By Kevin L. Young, PE / Mike Hart / Kirk J. Dooley / Jeffrey D. Jones

Technical Articles

System Modifications Modifications to the infrared camera included sealing the exterior camera housing and drilling vent holes within the housing to maintain a nitrogen purge. The focal length was adjusted on the

INTRODUCTION The cost of infrared camera technology continues to drop while image resolution and processing capabilities increase making this technology economically feasible for use in a wide range of nuclear reactor decommissioning applications. This paper describes the adaptation of relatively low-cost infrared cameras for use in harsh environments such as nuclear reactor decommissioning. Specifically, the paper describes the use of an adapted infrared camera to remotely monitor sodium treatment activities within the Experimental Breeder Reactor II (EBR II) reactor vessel.

Figure 1. Modified FLIR IR Camera

visible and infrared cameras to optimize viewing objects within the reactor vessel. A 34-foot boom and custom camera interface allowed for precise vertical positioning as well as purge gas delivery to the camera housing. Due to the potential hydrogen gas environment, the purge unit, made by Pepperl+Fuchs, would

DESCRIPTION OF THE ACTUAL WORK System Description In the spring of 2011, the engineering and technical imaging services company, Communication Designs, Inc. under contract to CH2M-WG, Idaho LLC developed an infrared camera system capable of operating inside the EBR II reactor vessel. The system was developed quickly and for less than $30,000 by modifying a relatively inexpensive FLIR M-Series (M-626L) long-wave, thermal camera and adding an inert gas pressurization system. Operating Environment The camera system had to operate safely and reliably in the harsh environment inside the EBR II reactor vessel during liquid treatment of residual sodium filled components. Elements of the harsh environment within the reactor vessel included:  Elevated radiation levels as high as 300 Rad  High humidity in excess of 95% RH  Highly caustic sodium hydroxide splashes created by the reacting sodium  Highly acidic spray from the treatment solution  Potentially explosive hydrogen gas created during the sodium reaction  Splashes of molten sodium metal

automatically kill power to the camera system if it detected a breach in the camera housing. Figure 1 shows the modified FLIR IR camera. RESULTS On 2 October 2011, the modified infrared camera system was lowered into the EBR II reactor vessel where it operated for 22 days supplying infrared and visible video images to the decommissioning team at remote stations outside the main containment dome. The camera system provided valuable, real-time information to the decommissioning team allowing visual verification of sodium treatment progress while surviving the harsh environment created by the sodium treatment process. Figure 2 shows an IR image of melted sodium flowing from the Intermediate Heat Exchanger within the primary vessel. The infrared camera was able to continue imaging key components within the reactor after the visible camera was obscured by smoke created during the sodium treatment process. Lessons Learned Lessons learned included finding that the vanadium oxide focal plane array in the infrared camera indicated no visible degradation due to the radiation field making it a suitable choice for use in radiation environments. The CMOS sensor in the visible camera was degraded over time by the radiation field. Further research is proposed to quantify and compare the effects of radiation on infrared cameras using amorphous silicon focal plane arrays (the other major type of infrared focal plane array) versus


Technical Articles 32

those using vanadium oxide focal plane arrays.

Figure 2. Infrared Image of Melted Sodium Flowing Out of the Intermediate Heat Exchanger

Figure 3. Visible Image(Left) is Obscured by Smoke while Infrared Image Continues Providing a Clear View of Reacting Sodium Components Inside Primary Vessel

Another significant finding from the work included learning that radiometric based temperature readings from the infrared cameras were consistently more accurate than readings obtained from contact thermocouples for surfaces visible to the infrared cameras. If the emissivity of the target surface is established, infrared cameras will generally provide a more accurate temperature reading compared to thermocouples.


33

Technical Articles

The Dismantling of José Cabrera Nuclear Power Plant (Spain) By Rodríguez Silva, Manuel INTRODUCTION

an electrical power of 160 MW and all the auxiliary and safety systems required for

the efficient operation of the facility under

safe conditions. ENRESA is the National Spanish Agency in charge of the dismantling of Nuclear Facilities, previous transfer of the license to operate the plant from the Utility to ENRESA.

On April 30th 2006, José Cabrera NPP was definitively shutdown, and two years later, on April 30th 2008, ENRESA requested to the Ministry of Energy the transfer of the license to operate the plant,

Fig. 1: Main Activities of the Project

Construction of José Cabrera Nuclear Power Plant, owned by Gas Natural, began in 1964 and the plant went into commercial operation in 1969. The nuclear steam supply system was designed and supplied by Westinghouse and is made up of a light PWR reactor with an authorized thermal output of 510 MW and

along with the corresponding authorization for performance of the Dismantling and Decommissioning Plan. On February 1st 2010, ENRESA was authorized to initiate the dismantling of the José Cabrera Facility. The spent fuel has been


Technical Articles 34

removed from the pool and is presently stored in casks at an on-

The dismantling project is scheduled to take six years as from

site dry storage facility. Preparatory activities have almost been

the transfer of the license to operate the facility from Gas Natu-

completed, including the modification of systems and auxiliary

ral Fenosa to ENRESA and has a budget or 135 M€, spent fuel

facilities for waste and material management. Main challenges

management not included.

of the project include the removal of major components (vessel, steam generator, pressurizer, main pump and primary loop), and the use of large containers (CE-2b) to reduce segmentation of activated parts. CONTENT

CONCLUSIONS The dismantling and decommissioning project of José Cabrera NPP involve new challenges for ENRESA, such as: •

ment of Intermediate Level Wastes not acceptable in El

The Dismantling and Decommissioning Project presented for the José Cabrera NPP is a dynamic process that consists of a sequence of activities including, among others, disassembly, decontamination, declassification, demolition and the restoration of the site.

Removal and management of large components ManageCabril Repository

Volume optimization of activated wastes by using new containers

Significant reduction in the number of safety systems and technical specifications from the operating phase

Definition of systems important for the radiological protec-

Fig. 2: Program

The main activities of the project may be broken down into seven major groups, two of them required during the overall process (Radiological Characterization and Radioactive Waste Management). These set of activities will be carried out within the framework of different partial dismantling plans that establish the main criteria, methodology and previous necessary analysis. These plans include the available technical solutions and different options, identifying work interferences and planning for the main activities.

tion which are controlled by surveillance programs ENRESA will face these new challenges on the basis of the experience acquired in other projects implemented up to date (Vandellós I NPP and PIMIC), as well as other international experience available.


35

News

NEWS Highlights of the Month Company News International Cooperation NPP News


News

36

Highlights of the Month Announcement Released by NEA on Nuclear Power Standards in the Energy Field According to the provision of “Industry Standardization Management Methods in the Energy Field (Tentative)”, the National Energy Administration (NEA) has approved “Carbon and Low Alloy Steel used by PWR Nuclear Power Plant the 14th part: Class 2 and 3 Butt Welding Seamless Pipe Fitting” and another 66 clauses of nuclear power standards. Source: http://news.bjx.com.cn/ President of CGMA indicated the redundant capacity in the nuclear power equipment manufacturing industry Sui Yongbin, the president of China General Machinery Industry Association (CGMA) and the chief engineer of China Machinery Industry Federation indicated at the 8th China Nuclear Energy Congress that China’s nuclear power equipment industry has redundant production capacity. Mr. Sui said that about 12 sets of the major equipment for the nuclear islands such as castings and forgings, reactor pressure vessels, steam generators, reactor internals and control-rod drive packages can be produced per year, which is more than sufficient to satisfy the national objective of completing 12 pairs of 1000MW nuclear units annually, based on our current manufacturing capacity. However, the capacity for the reactor internals and the CRDs still remains weak compared to the other components. In addition, the primary pump of the nuclear island is still manufactured by the joint venture as it remains at the stage of introducing technology and then absorbing it. Mr. Sui Yongbin added that the localization of nuclear-related

with the annual capacity of 12 to 15 sets. The emergency diesel generator sets for the BOP system are on track for localization. Source: http://www.bhbmc.com/ Chrome-plating Surface Treatment Technology: the Guardian Angel of the Nuclear Power Products The AP1000, nuclear power’s third-generation technology, is the most advanced and safest worldwide. Compared to the 2G technology AP600, it has more advanced designs and precautions against accidents and higher requirements for security and civil engineering. Nantong Shenhai Science and Industrial Technology Co., Ltd (referred to as Shenhai) process the AP1000 nuclear power products and provides the surface treatment technology for the CRDM, reactor internals and the explosion valves. The fastener surface treatment technology for the reactor internals is one of the key technologies to be developed among the APWR national major specific programs. It involves electroplated hard chrome and the phosphorization. The chromeplating surface treatment technology for the AP1000 reactor internals is a major core technology and also the cutting-edge surface treatment technology at present. This technology is acclaimed as the “Guardian Angel” of the nuclear power products as it is an essential and necessary technology to guarantee the NPP operation. Shenhai invested a lot in R&D and has now established the specific workshop adaptable to nuclear power products and continuous plating production lines. Finally, it has made a significant breakthrough in this technology: the chrome plating has reached the requirements of the international AP1000 standards; the hardness, abradability and bending resistance of the chromium coating has been guaranteed. Shenhai’s products have been acknowledged by CNNC and CGNPC for the chromeplating surface treatment technology which has satisfied the requirements of the 3G AP1000 standard and changed the situation of the traditional surface treatment techniques, thus it fills the blank of the domestic electroplated

I&C systems and the key nuclear-grade instruments is not easy

hard chrome products in the nuclear power fields and ends the

to realize and most of this type of equipment depends on import.

history of depending on imported driver reactor internals.

But almost 80% of our nuclear-grade pumps and valves can be

Nowadays the electroplated and Parkerizing AP1000 products in

procured domestically.

3G reactors by Shenhai have been applied to Sanmen NPP and

In the long run, the industrial steam turbine and the generator

Haiyang NPP which are the first AP1000 nuclear power projects

for the conventional island can be completely realized locally

put into commercial use in the world.


37

News

Source: http://news.bjx.com.cn/

Source: http://www.heneng.net.cn/

Nuclear reboot gains pace

The Longest Turbine Last-Stage Blade in the World Posed in Shanghai

The restarting of China’s nuclear power sector has made substantial progress as construction of two reactors resumed over

ALSTOM has introduced an L75 turbine last-stage blade with

the weekend. They’re at Fuqing, in Fujian province, and Yangji-

a length of 75 inches which covers an exhaust area of 58m2 in

ang, in Guangdong province.

Shanghai. This is currently the longest such product in the world

The reactors, which belong to China National Nuclear Corp and

with the largest exhaust area. The last stage blade is an import-

China Guangdong Nuclear Power Holding Co, were approved for

ant part of the low-pressure module of the turbine in the nuclear

construction to commence in the second half of 2011 but were

power plant, which is designed to convert thermal power in the

halted after the Fukushima nuclear crisis in Japan.

steam to electrical energy.

Another reactor in Rongcheng, in Shandong province, that had

The L75 last-stage blade is used for the low-pressure cylinder

also received approval, may also resume construction within this

of the Arabella turbine and was developed on the basis of the

year.

current 69-inch blade product. Under the same condition, the

In late October, the State Council approved a development plan

improved LP75-type blade’s unit power output can increase by

and a security plan for the country’s nuclear power sector by

10,000 KW. It will create an expected additional revenue of 4 mil-

2020, calling for the reactor construction of the approved projects

lion Euros per year which is equal to one-year’s electricity con-

to be restarted first.

sumption for 60,000 Chinese families.

Analysts say a key stage of the reinstatement depends on the approval of new reactors. The first of these to be decided will be

Source:http://www.jnpc.com.cn/

reactor number three in Tianwan, Jiangsu province, which was originally scheduled for construction starting in Dec 2012.

China National Nuclear Power IPO begins the Audit Phase

Source:http://europe.chinadaily.com.cn/

China National Nuclear Power Co. the leading nuclear energy

Two Nuclear Power Projects Gain Environmental Clearance The Ministry of Environmental Protection (MEP) plans to approve the environmental effect report on a flood control project at

developer is planning an initial public offering to support its nuclear power projects. The company plans to be listed on the Shanghai Stock Exchange, raising tens of billions yuan to fund the nuclear power

Qinshan Nuclear Power Plant, according to the MEP’s website.

plants under construction, including Fuqing nuclear power proj-

This is the technical innovation project undertaken by Qinshan

ect, Qinshan NPP expansion project, Sanmen nuclear project

Nuclear Power Co., Ltd. and won’t cover additional areas. The

Phase I and Changjiang nuclear power project.

construction mainly includes increasing the height of the seawall

On December 7 China National Nuclear Power jumped into the

in Qianshan Phase I; water retaining engineering on the old HuHang road. The environmental report shows that this project will be free from contamination after completion and is acceptable to the environment if it adopts the corresponding environmental

list of the audited companies released by China Securities Regulatory Commission (CSRC). It has been five years from planning listing to submitting the materials and then to obtaining the

protection measures during construction.

acceptance. The application materials were accepted by CSRC,

Meanwhile, another project—No.3 and No.4 reactors at Tianwan

which means China National Nuclear Power IPO project finally

Nuclear Power Plant—has also obtained environmental clear-

comes to the audit phase.

ance.

It is said there are totally 808 audited companies on the list of the

Several nuclear power projects have passed the recent environ-

CSRC. Judging from the review pace of CSRC, China National

mental examination recently, which is a clear sign that the restart of the nuclear power programs is officially on track.

Nuclear Power will have a long way to go to the issuing phase. China National Nuclear Power Co. was jointly set up by CNNC,


News

38

COSCO and China Three Gorges Corp and others among which

reverse osmosis membrane booster pump.

CNNC is the holding company. Until the end of 2011, China National Nuclear Power had 13 wholly-owned subsidiaries and 1

Source: http://news.bjx.com.cn/

joint-stock company; it controls 9 nuclear units in commission with a total installed capacity of 649.6 GW; and holds 10 units

Hongyanhe NPP Unit 1 first goes critical

under construction with an installed capacity of 1028 GW. According to the information disclosed by China National Nuclear

On January 16, Unit 1 of Hongyanhe nuclear power plant was

Power, the nuclear power plants under its operation include Qian-

brought to critical level for the first time, marking that Unit 1 is

shan NPP—the first independently designed and operated nucle-

formally in the operational status as takes another step towards

ar plant; Qinshan Phase II—the first independently designed and

commercial operation.

operated large commercial nuclear plant; Qinshan Phase III—the

During the whole critical process, Hongyanhe Nuclear Power

first heavy water reactor connecting the domestic engineering

Company operated in accordance with national law and techni-

management with the international management; and Tianwan

cal specifications in order to ensure the safe and stable status of

NPP—the first one to introduce the full digital I&C system. Those

the unit. The supervisors from Northeastern Nuclear and Radia-

that are under construction include: Sanmen nuclear project—the

tion Safety Supervising Office witnessed the whole process.

first Gen-III AP1000 technology plant in the world; Fuqing nuclear project; Qinshan NPP expansion project; and Hainan Changjiang

Source: http://www.zdt.com.cn/

nuclear project. A senior investor analyzed that among the listed companies in the power sector, the fossil-power-oriented companies are more

China’s first self-owned dry-method furnace put into production

sensitive to the fluctuating coal price while the hydro-power companies are easily influenced by the seasonal variation of the

Recently, three months before the 200-tonne dry-method fur-

upland water. By contrast, nuclear power listed companies are

nace was formally put into production, it had already produced

rarely influenced by external risks so they usually have more out-

47.3 tons of qualified uranium dioxide. This is another milestone

standing achievements.

for CNNC Jianzhong Nuclear Fuel Company to transfer the scientific research project to productive forces.

Source: http://stock.sohu.com/

Compared to the wet-method production system, the dry-method provides higher output, higher automation, higher security

ATV1200 MV Frequency Converter from SCHN applied for

and stability, and less waste emission.

the first time in the nuclear power plant

The GFX-200 dry-method furnace employs the new production process and clears the bottleneck in producing nuclear fuel as-

Schneider Electric (SCHE), a professional in energy efficiency

semblies.

management, has recently announced that it will provide energy efficiency solutions for Units 3 & 4 of the Sanmen Phase II proj-

Source: http://www.cnnc.com.cn/

ect with the ATV 1200 10KV medium-voltage frequency converter as the core product. Thus, it has realized the first application for

First AP1000 Nuclear-Grade Cable passed Testing

SCHN’s MV transducer products in the nuclear power field. Sanmen nuclear power project adopted the most advanced Gen III

After undergoing a 58-day Coolant LOCA testing, the perfor-

nuclear technology. In the project, this frequency converter prod-

mance index of the AP1000 nuclear-grade cable developed

uct will mainly be used in the frequency control of the seawater

by Shangshang Cable is in compliance. The announcement of


39

News

the success of this testing marks that China can independently

vision Bureau, the Nuclear and Radiation Safety Center and the

develop nuclear grade cable which meets the requirements for

China Institute for Radiation Protection participated in this meet-

AP1000 nuclear power projects, ending the foreign monopoly in

ing. Wu Hao, deputy chief engineer from the Nuclear and Radi-

the nuclear-grade cable field.

ation Safety Center, together with Liu Xinhua, Shang Zhaorong,

Equally important, the LOCA lab of the National Energy NPP

Xu Chunyan and Wang Ping attended this meeting, and defined

Instrument R & D Center successfully conducted the appraising

the Radwaste Regulation and relevant laws.

testing for AP1000 electrical devices, marking a new break-

More than 200 people from CNNC, CGNPC and CPI took part in

through in the way nuclear grade technology is supervised.

this meeting. Zhao Yongming, the deputy director-general of the

This LOCA lab was co-established by SIPAI and SECRI. It pro-

Radiation Source Safety Supervision Bureau also attended this

vides support and guarantees for supervising nuclear-grade

meeting. In the meetings held in Haiyan, Zhejiang province and

equipment and realizing its localization.

Daya Bay, Guangdong province, the professionals defined the domestic nuclear and radiation safety supervision and manage-

Source: http://news.bjx.com.cn/

ment system, China Radwaste Management Standards, Radwaste Storage, Disposition License Management Methods and

First AP1000 Operators Trained by Simulator In Sanmen and Haiyang AP1000 nuclear power projects, the first plant operators will be trained by a new control cabinet simulator. They are expected to obtain their practicing licenses by the end of this year. The simulators provided by GSE Systems are installed in the control cabinets of Sanmen and Haiyang sites. The I & C equipment is identical to that used in a real operating station. So far, there have been 34 AP1000 plant operators from Sanmen NPP taking part in the simulator training and they will take

new standards on Radwaste management. A meeting regarding low-level and mid-level solid waste, disposition policy and construction of disposal sites was held in Haiyang, Shangdong province. Yuan Ziqiang, an academician made a speech on the management of low-level and mid-level solid waste. There were also discussions on the topics of licenses for storage and disposition, and sites selection. Source: http://www.chinansc.cn/

pass it, they will be the first qualified operators of AP1000 nu-

Evaluation and Exchange Meeting on Technical Research Projects Interim Phase and Extension of Large Uranium Mines Bases Resources and held in Beijing

clear power plants in the world. 36 additional members should

On 9th January, Beijing held a meeting on Large Uranium Mines

finish their training at the Sanmen site next month. Within the

Bases Resources Extension and Technical Research Projects

following months, Haiyang will train another new group of opera-

Interim Phase Evaluation and Exchange, which is a key project

tors.

in CNNC. Zhang Jindai, the deputy director and chief engineer

Sanmen Unit 1 is the first AP1000 generating set in the world,

of CNNC’s Geology Business Department, hosted the meeting.

which should begin generating electricity in 2014.

Around 50 people took part, including Sun Liya, deputy director

an examination organized by NNSA in November. Once they

of CNNC Science, Technology and Information Department; Cai Source: http://np.chinapower.com.cn/

Xiaodong, vice department head; and other leaders and professionals from Geology Business Department, Beijing Research

NNSA held the third meeting on Radwaste Safety Management Regulation

Institute of Uranium Geology (BRIUG), and Beijing Research

National Nuclear Safety Administration (NNSA) held the third

In the meeting, BRIGU and BRICEM gave reports on the cur-

meeting to implement the Radwaste Safety Management Reg-

rent achievements, project progress, performance and projects

ulation. Professionals from the Radiation Source Safety Super-

fees allocation in terms of key scientific and technical projects

Institute of Chemical Engineering and Metallurgy (BRICEM).


News

40

and the preferential development projects. They also introduced

nium deposits in Xiangshan, Jiangxi province, with a reserve of

to CNNC their work plans for the next step. The attendees dis-

30,000 tons, the longest distance between two deposits is only

cussed the existing problems and offered suggestions for the

10,000 meters, offering favorable conditions for exploration.

next-step.

An insider said, the first step for the propelling of large bases is to set up regional uranium base construction headquarters to

Source: http://www.briug.cn/

enhance the coordination. Headquarters have been set up in Jiangxi province, Inner Mon-

Three to five uranium mining projects might be launched during the 12th Five-Year Period

golia Autonomous Region and Guangdong province. The west

A “National Large Uranium Mines Bases Construction Seminar”

headquarters. For now, the uranium exploration processes con-

has been held. It was sponsored by the Chinese Nuclear Society

tinue smoothly in Ili, Sinkiang.

Uranium Mining Geology Branch and the Uranium Mining and

The insiders also suggested that three to five uranium mining

Metallurgy Branch, and was organized by the Beijing Research

projects might be launced during the 12th Five-Year Period.

Institute of Uranium Geology (BRIUG). Zhang Jindai, the deputy

Public information reveals that CNNC Geology Business De-

director and chief engineer of CNNC Geology Business Depart-

partment signed 11 agreements in 2012, and key breakthroughs

ment, said that the active propelling of large uranium mines bas-

were made in the cooperation with China National Petroleum

es construction had a significant meaning to China, and it would

Corporation (CNPC), Sinopec, Shenhua Group, Central Geolo-

not only guarantee our uranium supply but also regularize the

gy Exploration Fund, China Geological Survey and local nuclear

uranium enterprises.

exploration units.

and north parts of China will also speed up the construction of

An industry insider pointed out that the Chinese nuclear industry has developed fast, so there was a higher requirement of urani-

Source: http://news.bjx.com.cn/

um resources guarantee. He pointed out that the natural uranium industry has entered an important period of strategic opportunities to accelerate development, how to improve the domestic

Significance of Management of Nuclear Power DCS Project Progress

uranium resources to ensure the supply capacity has become

The progress management for DCS engineering project is an

an urgent problem in the development of nuclear power.

important part in the nuclear power project management sys-

Zhang Jindai wrote an article called Rational Distribution, Sci-

tem which attracts an increasing focus for almost every project

entific Programming and Active Push of Large Uranium Mines

builder. The digital I &C system controls more than 300 systems

Bases Construction, in which he suggested redefining the large

and nearly tens of thousands sets of equipment in the nuclear

uranium base. A large uranium base should possess an output

power plant, so it plays a role like the “nerve center”. Also, the

of more than 100,000 tons and covers one to two large-and-me-

installation of DCS system is a critical path during the nuclear

dium size backbone deposits. There will be three levels in terms

power project construction. The management of the DCS prog-

of its natural output, which is 300-500 tons per year, 500-800

ress directly links to the investment benefits of the nuclear pow-

tons per year and over 800 tons per year, and the service period

er project and is one of the key factors to ensure the success

will last no less than 15 years.

of the whole nuclear power project. With the employing of the

According to Mr. Zhang’s article, China has verified 350 ura-

full-digital I &C system in the domestic nuclear power plant, DCS

nium deposits, among which 27% are large-and-medium size

progress management will grow gradually mature in design, pro-

deposits accounting for 77% of the total resource reserves. Our

curement, construction and commissioning.

uranium deposits are close together, some are only a thousand

Currently among the 15 reactor units in operation, only Tianwan

meters apart. For example, there are more than 20 verified ura-

and Ling’ao Phase II projects adopted the full-package DCS. Ex-


41

News

cept for the installed capacity of the under-construction plants,

and personnel fields. He indicated that he would try to closely

there are still 40 million installed capacities which need at least

associate CNI23 with CGNEC.

more than 20 sets full I&C systems. Therefore, the full employment of DCS system in the constructed and planned nuclear power plants will not only bring broader market prospect but also demand more on the DCS progress management. Source: http://tech.bjx.com.cn/

Company News

Source: http://www.cni23.com/ Vice Minister of Ministry of Environmental Protection visited SNERDI Li Ganjie, the vice minister of the Ministry of Environmental Protection and director general of the National Nuclear Safety Administration and fellow members visited Shanghai Nuclear Engineering Research & Design Institute (SNERDI) in the company of Mr. Wang Binghua, the chairman of SNPTC.

Dun’an Winning the Bidding for Nuclear-Grade Water Chiller

During the visit, SNERDI reported their work progress in talent

of the HEA Project

construction; production and management, CAP1400 scientific

Zhejiang Dun’An Artificial Environment Equipment Co.,Ltd (re-

research and design and so on, which was followed by their

ferred to as Dun’an) has won another bidding for a nuclear-grade water chiller in HEA project engineering after it had been awarded a tender for the emergency operation center project at Qinshan NPP and the HTGR demonstration project at Shidao Bay NPP. HEA is one of the major national specific programs and this bidding invitation is commonly organized by NPIC and China Nuclear Industry Huaxing Construction Company Limited. Dun’an will provide 4 sets of VCC/VCE water-cooled chillers in total for the HEA project. The success of winning the bidding means Dun’an further expands into the nuclear engineering field

Reporting Meeting

Source: www.SNPTC.com

and increases its market share in nuclear engineering. communication and discussion in supporting project construcSource: http://news.bjx.com.cn/

tion, demonstration project, the evaluation mechanism for the new plants and the development of nuclear power in the future

CNI23: the change of leadership China Nuclear Industry 23 Construction Co., Ltd (CNI23) held an informal meeting to relocate the vice-president Liu Xing back to China Guangdong Nuclear Engineering Co. (CGNEC) and at the same time to welcome the new vice-president Xia Gang who was dispatched by China Guangdong Nuclear Engineering Co. too.

and other topics. Mr. Li Ganjie made several requirements for R&D, design, construction, operation and service of the nuclear power projects. Afterwards he watched a 3D animated presentation of CAP1400 in the Process System Department of SNERDI. Source: http://www.china-nea.cn/

Mr. Liu Xing reviewed his work over the past 2 years and made an objective conclusion on the quality & safety work. Mr. Xiagang introduced his work experience in the nuclear power

Hydrotherm-type uranium prospecting technology passed acceptance

business and his qualification in the executive, public relations

Recently, the hydrotherm-type uranium prospecting technology


News

42

passed project acceptance. This project, led by Beijing Research Institute of Uranium Geology (BRIUG) with several relevant

Long-term Procurement and Supply Agreement (Contract)

research institutes co-working, efficiently combined research

of Natural Uranium, Enriched Uranium and Nuclear Fuel As-

and production. During 5 years, over ten technical personnel

semblies signed by China Nuclear Power, CNFC and CNEIC

achieved many important innovative results in uranium metallogenic theory, prospecting technology and forecasting uranium

Recently, China Nuclear Power, China Nuclear Fuel and China

metallization prospects among which some of the accomplish-

Nuclear Energy Industry Corp. signed a long-term procurement

ments have been widely applied and promoted. Source: http://www.caea.gov.cn/

GEDI is awarded the International Patent for Invention for the first time

The “DCS Control Module of the Nuclear Power Engineering Transformer” developed by Guangdong Electric Power Design Institute (GEDI) has been licensed the PCT International Patent for Invention. It is the first internationally authorized patent for invention for GEDI and CEEC. The patent adopted the DCS system unified with the units to make the switch control of the 6.6kv transformer and the unit control system share the operator station, hence realize the overall monitoring and thus greatly increase the reliability and automation of the reactor units while reducing the number of operators and maintainers. Source: http://www.gedi.com.cn/ Exchange meeting between CTEC and Atos Worldgrid

and supply contract for the natural uranium, enriched uranium and nuclear fuel assemblies. This agreement details natural uranium procurement, enriched uranium service and nuclear fuel assemblies for all the subsidiary nuclear power companies of China Nuclear Power from the year 2013 to 2020. Mr. Sunqin, and Mr. Qin Zhimin, the president and general manager of CNNC and Mr. Chen Hua, the general manager of China Nuclear Power attended the signing ceremony. During the ceremony, Mr. Qin pointed out that the nuclear power industry and the nuclear fuel industry are the two most important businesses of CNNC. This agreement is the result of CNNC’s efforts to upgrade its management and practice its guidelines. It paves the way for the sustainable development of the nuclear power industry and nuclear fuel industry. The general managers of China Nuclear Fuel and CNEIC and their associates also attended the signing ceremony.

Source: http://www.cnnc.com.cn/ CNEC expects to monopolize AP1000 Engineering Market during its “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” By the end of China Nuclear Engineering Company’s “Twelfth

From December 3 to 7, Andéol Ayzac, the general manager and Chief Technology Officer of French Atos Worldgrid in China led a delegation to make a friendly visit to China Technology Co. (CTEC). The two sides had a week-long knowledge exchange meeting.

Five-Year Plan”, it is anticipated the company will bring in 50 billion Yuan and invest about 3.2 billion Yuan in its business within the next three years – according to the 2013 CNEC shortterm Financing Bond Prospectus. It also defines the specific objectives of CNEC’s “Twelfth FiveYear Plan”: The average annual growth rate of the company’s

Mr. Xiao Yuhua, the marketing director of CTEC and his associ-

revenue should be maintained at more than 20% and the

ates also attended this activity.

average annual growth of total profit will be no less than 25%. By the end of the “Twelfth Five-Year plan”, the company will

Source: http://www.ctecdcs.com/news_center/

achieve an operating income of 500 billion Yuan, profits of 1.1


43

billion Yuan and 400 million Yuan of economic value added. In

News

its market at home and abroad.

addition, it aims to establish its nuclear engineering construction technology standards and project management specifications;

Source http://www.cnhxcc.com.cn/

to enhance the level of nuclear power technology, and, to consolidate and strengthen its competitive advantage in the field

CGNPC will undertake the construction project of CNOOC

of nuclear power engineering construction. The most ambitious

Radioactive Source Base

target is to own a 100% market share in the main reactor types and nuclear fuel circulatory system engineering such as AP1000 and CPR 1000. Furthermore, it is expected to fully complete the major national scientific and technological research projects, for example, the large-scale advanced pressurized water reactor and high temperature gas cooled nuclear power plant and to build up design, construction technology and standards

CGNPC has just signed “the General Contract for the Design, Purchase and Construction of the Radioactive Source Base Project”. It is the first EPC project undertaken by CGNPC, which is directly in the charge of the Project Manager. It has now entered the implementation phase. Source: http://www.cgnpc.com.cn/

system. Also it will invest in 1 to 2 HTGR projects and two lowtemperature nuclear heating reactor demonstration projects in

Shangshang Cable—the first to complete LOCA testing for

order to become a main investor for high-temperature reactor

AP1000 in-containment cable

and low temperature reactor projects. Responding to the national

In Shanghai TICW LOCA Laboratory, NNSA and the central

“going out” strategy, it hopes to play capability advantages in

review team witnessed first-hand the LOCA testing for

nuclear power construction, actively explore the international

AP1000 cable within the containment of the extended license

market and undertake 2 or 3 international nuclear power plant

application for Civil Nuclear Safety Electrical Equipment Design/

construction projects.

Manufacturing License of Shangshang Cable Group. The testing results meet the relevant technical requirements.

Source: http://news.bjx.com.cn/

Shangshang Cable Group is the first enterprise at home or abroad to complete the LOCA testing for AP1000 NPP in-

Chashma Nuclear Power Plant Phase II in Pakistan Honored

containment cable.

for China Construction Engineering’s LUBAN Award Abroad Recently, the appraisal and selection for China Construction Engineering’s LUBAN Award Abroad, which is organized by China Construction Industry Association, has revealed the results. Chashma Nuclear Power Plant Phase II, a project in Pakistan that was undertaken by HXCC has made its mark on the list. This is another LUBAN Award for Huaxing’s nuclear power project after that for Qinshan Nuclear Power Plant Phase III Project (heavy water reactor). The appraisal and selection of this award is aimed to enhance the quality of the contract work abroad and to improve Chinese companies’ competitiveness in the international market. The major listed projects are those that are contracted abroad by Chinese construction companies and implement China’s project construction standards. The award of LUBAN (abroad) represents HXCC’s strength in the Nuclear Construction Industry and its outstanding social image, which will play a positive role to promote its brand and to expand

Source: http://www.chinansc.cn/ CNI22 Receives Two Patents Recently,the State Intellectual Property Office of the PRC granted two Certificates of Utility Model Patent respectively for two inventions—“Friction test adjustable limit device” and “Prestress dome lifting cantilever crane”, which has been created by China Nuclear Industry 22nd Construction Co. CNI22 has been actively involved in the nuclear power construction in the new around nuclear construction and at the same time it has made several self-owned inventions in nuclear power engineering. The company’s achievements have been made by continuously strengthening its R & D and the application of construction technology, among which some of the mature processes, techniques and utility models have been assessed by the authority and made a solid foundation for upgrading the nuclear power construction capacity and enhancing the technical


News

44

ability of the nuclear enterprises. Source: http://www.zdt.com.cn/ Source: http://www.china-nea.cn/ Harbin Turbine signed a procurement contract for main equipment with Huaneng (Suzhou)

CNNC Coordination Meeting on the Spent Fuel Cask Development Project

Recently, Harbin Turbine Company Limited (HTC) signed a

On 25th January, the Nuclear Power Business Department,

contract to provide two sets main equipments (including the

CNNC, held a second coordination meeting on the spent fuel

DCS) for the E-level gas-steam combined cycle co-generation

cask development project in Beijing. Li Xiaoming, GM Assistant

of heat and power unit engineering with Huaneng (Suzhou)

of CNNC, Director of Nuclear Power Business Department

Thermal Company, held by Huaneng Group, in the conference

attended the meeting and made a speech.

hall of Harbin Turbine.

A report on the general progress of spent fuel cask development

Mr. Chen Dongshi, the president and general manager of HTC

and scale model vessel fabrication was delivered in this meeting.

and Mr. Lu Chao, the general manager of Huaneng (Suzhou)

Representatives exchanged opinions on the existing problems

signed on the contract on behalf of each side. The chief

of the project and defined the missions for the next step.

engineer of HE, Mr. Yang Qiguo and Alstom Asian Manager, Mr.

Li Xiaoming said that the research should be market-oriented.

Qian Weidong also participated this signing ceremony.

As there is an urgent demand for spent fuel casks, the prompt transportation of spent fuel guarantees stable operation of

Source: http://www.htc.com.cn/

NPPs. He said all member companies should keep in close communication and the management efficiency must be

NNSA Approves the Application of the Cask for the First Nuclear Fuel Assembly Shandong Nuclear Power Company (SDNPC) has received

improved. To ensure the successful manufacture of the sample cask, all work should be processed according to the project duty book.

approval for Cask Application of Importing A-Level Radioactive Materials. There are 160 approved nuclear fuel assembly

Source: http://www.zh404.cn/

casks, these will be used for the first nuclear fuel assembly transportation for four reactors in SDNPC and Sanmen NPP.

SMNPC received approval from NNSA for a fresh fuel

Among them, 90 were borrowed from Westinghouse, while the

shipment

rest were purchased from Westinghouse.

CNNC Sanmen Nuclear Power Co., Ltd (SMNPC) has received

According to the 26th rule of Safety Management Regulations on

from NNSA the Notification to Issue the Approval Letter to

Radioactive Materials Transportation, if the A-level radioactive

CNNC Sanmen Nuclear Power Co., Ltd on A-level Radioactive

material casks are not made in China, then an approval must be

Cask Application, and Notification of Approval to CNNC

obtained from the nuclear safety management department under

Sanmen Nuclear Power Co., Ltd on Nuclear and Radiation

the state council before the first application. SDNPC submitted

Safety Analysis Report of Nuclear Fuel Assembly (U.S. supply)

the License Application for Cask Application for Importing

Transportation. The two notifications signify that SMNPC’s first

A-Level Radioactive Materials to NNSA (National Nuclear Safety

nuclear fuel assembly cask and its fresh nuclear assembly

Administration) in December 2012, and received the approval

shipment program passed the examination.

recently.

According to the Chinese nuclear regulation, NPPs must compile

The application is a critical link in the preparation of nuclear fuel

the Fuel Cask Safety Analysis Report and Safety Analysis

transportation, which will directly affect the start of shipment and

Report on Nuclear and Radioactive Materials Transportation

arrangement of nuclear fuel assemblies. This approval will ease

before the shipment of the fuel. To guarantee the first fuel was

the fuel transportation and first loading for SDNPC first-stage

delivered on time, SMNPC formulated an evaluation and review

project, Unit 1.

plan on the fuel cask and shipment program as early as in 2011. The license application progressed smoothly under the


45

News

leadership of SMNPC’s top leaders. NNSA held the committee

in developing the CAP1400 wet winding pump. This plays a

of Approval Letter on SMNPC’s Fresh Fuel Cask Application and

boosting role for the localization and independence of the ma-

committee of Approval of the Safety Analysis Report on Nuclear

jor CAP1400 equipment manufacturing. Both sides agreed to

and Radioactive Materials Transportation on 2nd November and 20th December, 2012. SMNPC received the approval letters on the Fuel Cask Application and Nuclear and Radiation Safety Analysis Report of Nuclear Fuel Assembly (U.S. supply) Transportation, Which

strengthen their communication and cooperation. KSB Group has established a good relationship with SNERDI since Qinshan Phase I’s nuclear power engineering. With the implementation of the major specific program and the international strategy of SNERDI, their cooperation will reach a broader space and higher level.

will create a favorable condition for the first fuel shipment for SMNPC’s Unit 1 reactor. And it also shows NNSA’s approval of the shipment of fresh fuel to SMNPC.

Source: http://www.cnnc.com.cn/

International Cooperation Increasingly Close Cooperation between German KSB and SNERDI Recently, D.H.Hellmann, the technical director of the German KSB Group and fellow members visited Shanghai Nuclear Engi-

Source: http://www.snerdi.com.cn/ Chairman of SNPTC had an informal discussion with the personnel dispatched to support American power plant construction Wang Binghua, the chairman of the State Nuclear Power Technology Corp. (SNPTC) had an informal discussion via video with the first group of personnel sent to the USA by the State Nuclear Power Engineering Co. (SNPEC) in order to support the VOGTLE nuclear power project construction. In accordance with the agreement signed between the SNPTC and the Shawn Group in the USA, the SNPEC will dispatch 6 members, its first group to be sent there. They are all experienced in AP1000 nuclear power project construction. Mr. Wang Binghua pointed out that this is the first time engineering technology has been supplied to a developed country. It lays a path for nuclear power cooperation at home and abroad and enjoys a great significance. The purposes for SNPEC involving itself in the American VOGTLE nuclear power project are: firstly to learn from the American partners about the AP1000’s construction; secondly to apply the good practice developed during Chinese plants’ construction into AP1000 projects in the US, thus to realize the mutual understanding and mutual learning which would benefit the strategic cooperation between the SNPTC and the Shawn Group. Additionally, Mr. Wangbing Hua made several requirements re-

H.Hellmann, the technical director of German KSB Group Source: www.SNERDI.com visits SNERDI

neering Research & Design Institute (SNERDI). Xia Dingzhi, the vice president of SNERDI met them. During the conference, the two parties further discussed the problems of the key technology in R&D, and the areas and modalities of cooperation on the basis of the concluded agreement

garding the team’s work, life and safety. He encouraged them to take full advantage of this opportunity and to make great contributions to the Chinese nuclear power industry. With the progress of the engineering project, further personnel will be sent to the US in the future. Source: http://www.snptc.com.cn/


News

46

knowledge and technology. China and Britain co-working for the localization of nuclear

Professor Steven Cowley, chairman of UKAEA, stated in an in-

power components

terview: “the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor

To comply with the developmental requirements for the localization of nuclear-related key regulating valves, Shanghai Automation Instrumentation Co., Ltd and Britain’s IMI co-established SAICCCI Valve Co., Ltd (working title) in Shanghai. This joint venture will devote itself to realizing the manufacture of key nuclear-related control valves independently, thus to reduce the cost of nuclear power project construction and further more to break the foreign technology monopoly.

(ITER) program is currently one of the largest-scale scientific and research programs in the world. Before we officially start this program in 2020, we need a great number of young scientists who have received professional training to devote themselves to this business. We hope we can enhance the talent exchange between China and Britain.” Gong Min, the dean of the Physics School of Sichuan University indicated its intention and willingness to cooperate with Britain. “Britain has provided some talent training programs, which paves a smooth way for setting postgraduate and doctorate courses by

Source: http://www.china-nea.cn/

cooperation and makes it possible for technicians to exchange information and visit each other.” he said.

Consul-General of Consulate General of France in Chengdu

Mr. Steven Cowley and his associates came to Beijing, Hefei

visited China Erzhong

and then visited the local nuclear fusion research institutes and academic institutes. Chengdu was the third and final destina-

Sun Derun, the vice-secretary of the Communist Party Commit-

tion. They choose these three cities because they are the R&D

tee of China National Erzhong Group Company (hereafter re-

centers of Chinese nuclear fusion with nuclear energy R&D tech-

ferred to as China Erzhong) met with Mr. Emmanuel Rousseau,

nology as well as home to the colleges and universities which

the consul-general of the Consulate General of the Republic of

develop specialists in nuclear fusion. This was the first time the

France at China Erzhong in Chengdu.

British government has sent their experts to cities and research

Mr.Sun Derun stated in the meeting that this visit will build a

institutes beyond Beijing for in-depth exchange and communica-

bridge for cooperation between China Erzhong and French en-

tion.

terprises and China Erzhong is keen to cooperate with French

Mr. Steven Cowley continued: “Nuclear fusion is an irreversible

partners in certain fields.

trend of energy development and China has attached more and

Mr. Rousseau also indicated that the purpose of his visit is to

more importance to it. China and Britain have established a stra-

seek a cooperative opportunity between the two sides as China

tegic relationship. By this exchange, we can further our coopera-

Erzhong has a strong production capacity that will create a big-

tion.”

ger scope for cooperation with French companies such as SAFRAN and the other aerospace and casting & forging industries. During the visit, Mr. Rousseau and his associates visited the exhibition center, 160MN hydraulic press and the nuclear power vessel factory. As Mr.Rousseau said, this visit will become a key for the cooperation of the two sides’ in the future. Source: http://www.china-erzhong.com/

Source: http://news.hexun.com/ China is likely to win the bid for the second nuclear power plant in Turkey According to a media report in Turkey on December 9, China has more and more advantages in the process of bidding for the second nuclear power plant in Turkey. Turkey’s energy minister, Taner Yildiz, indicated that China didn’t demand Turkish govern-

UK seeks cooperation opportunity in nuclear fusion R & D

mental security but instead undertook to provide financing. Mr.

and talent-training

Caglayan, Turkey’s Minister of Economy, also stated that China

British experts in nuclear fusion research came to China to seek cooperation in higher education and nuclear power research and development in order to share the common nuclear fusion

had offered favorable conditions for this competitive bidding. The four countries taking part in this bidding are Japan, South Korea, China and Canada. While Japan has announced its with-


47

News

drawal, Canada is still in the stage of feasibility research on the

the following 30 years. China plans to build tens of nuclear reac-

nuclear power plant with Turkey and South Korea is negotiating

tors in the near future.

with the UAE about its financing problem.

Some French insiders suggested that if France would like to

Source: http://www.cnnc.com.cn/ China and Russia will build a Floating Nuclear Power Plant China and Russia plan to work together on a floating nuclear power plant. China is designated to build tugboats while Russia will be dedicated to the plant’s construction under the condition of not transferring the nuclear techniques. The project was an-

occupy the Chinese market in the long term, it could transfer its technology to a certain degree, then invest the benefits of that to technical R & D, thus French enterprises could maintain their technological advantages and form a virtuous cycle in the nuclear industry. Source: http://www.china-nea.cn/

nounced by the vice president of Rosatom at the Starting Cere-

Asian Nuclear Energy Conference: around 100 nuclear reactors to be constructed in the near future

mony for Tianwan Phase II project in Jiangsu Province.

The “Asian Nuclear Energy Conference” aimed to explore the nu-

It is said that this floating power plant will be based on the manu-

clear energy development subject was held in Kuala Lumpur, the

facturing process used in building the small-scale nuclear reactor

capital city of Malaysia.

which has been in operation for several years in icebreakers and submarines. It is slated that Russia will produce the small-scale nuclear power plants in batches by 2014.

The conference, sponsored by World Nuclear Energy Association, lasted for two days with more than 200 delegates from Japan, China, South Korea and France. It is reported that Japanese nuclear reactor manufacturers led by

Enjoying a 36-year operational lifetime, the floating nuclear pow-

Mitsubishi Heavy Industry together with participants from Japa-

er plant has a relatively low construction cost and is ecologically

nese Atomic Energy R & D Institute discussed talent training and

friendly. It can provide power and central heating for small towns

waste management.

and villages having populations of around 100,000 people. The

The whole world is engaged in adjusting its nuclear power pro-

plant will need no refueling within at least ten years. The construction cost will be around $600 million together with the expense used on the shoreside construction. The project will recover its costs within ten years.

grams since the Fukushima nuclear disaster. However, with economic development there has been an increasing power demand from some emerging countries, so they are also planning to build nuclear power plants. According to statistics from the International Atomic Energy

It has been reported that Russia is preparing to export the float-

Agency, there will be about 100 nuclear reactors on the construc-

ing nuclear power plant under the condition that Rosatom will be

tion list within the coming ten years and schemes for around 220

the company that fully manages the whole operational process

nuclear reactors have been submitted.

(including construction, operation and personnel training). In addition, the delivery of the nuclear techniques and used materials is not included when exporting this type of power plant. Source: http://www.china-nea.cn/

Source: http://www.china-nea.cn/ SNPEMC passed ASME “U” & “U2” Certification Survey On January 14 and 15, Shandong Nuclear Power Equipment Manufacturing Company (SNPEMC) passed the survey con-

French media announced 80% of French orders for the nuclear products would come from China in the coming 15 years

ducted by the Joint Inspection Team of ASME. The head of the

According to French media, Chinese orders will be “life or death”

meets the first and second articles in Volume VIII of the ASME

for French enterprises within the next 15 years with 80% of or-

standards; if all the work complies with the quality control manu-

ders for nuclear products coming from China.

al, SNPEMC will satisfy ASME standards. ASME will recommend

China is expected to build half of the world’s nuclear reactors in

authorizing “U” and “U2” certificates to SNPEMC.

team, Mr. Yu Chongqin, announced the survey results. The team agreed that the quality control system established by SNPEMC


News

48

This is another breakthrough for SNPEMC in obtaining the

The signing shows that SNPAS and Westinghouse have taken

certification after it received its ASME N, NPT nuclear related

a step in the win-win cooperation in the field of I & C business. It

certificate, signifying SNPEMC reached a high level in design,

lays a solid foundation for the localization and independence of

manufacturing and quality management capacity for the pressure

the AP1000 digital I & C equipment.

vessel. With recognization from a powerful international associ-

Wang Binghua and Ma Lu, the president and the vice-general

ation, the certification will act as a “traffic permit” for SNPEMC’s

manager of SNPTC respectively, together with Jack Allen and

product to be exported.

David Howell, the Asian president and the vice president respectively of Westinghouse attended the signing ceremony. Qiu

Source: http://www.snpemc.com/

Shaoyang, the general manager of SNPAS and Graham Cable, the vice president of Westinghouse Nuclear Automation signed

TerraPower discussed Gen IV reactor technology with SNERDI

the agreement on behalf of each side.

Mr. John Gilleland, the CEO of American TerraPower Company,

Source: http://np.chinapower.com.cn/

led a delegation to visit Shanghai Nuclear Engineering Research & Design Institute (SNERDI) on January 21. Mr. Zheng Guangming, the president of the SNERDI warmly welcomed them. SNERDI introduced the new independently developed reactor type to the guests while TerraPower talked about the technical characteristics and progress of the traveling wave reactor project, and especially discussed the reactor’s structure, main device, inherent safety, and the economical efficiency of the Prototype TWR-P. This visit follows a visit to SNERDI by TerraPower’s expert team two years ago. The two sides discussed exploring the technical parameters and the project implementation of the Gen IV nuclear technology. TerraPower is committed to the development of advanced clean nuclear power technology with an investment by Bill Gates. Its traveling wave reactor, which is now undergoing research and promotion, meets the environmental, economic, security, sustainability and nuclear non-proliferation requirements aimed to provide mankind with green, environmental protection, and efficient energy technologies. SNERDI and TerraPower are actively expanding their cooperation to promote the development of nuclear power technology in the world. Source: http://www.snerdi.com.cn/ SNPAS and Westinghouse signed an MOA for AP1000 I & C Template Project On January 15, the SNPAS owned by SNPTC and American Westinghouse signed a Memorandum of Agreement for “AP1000 I &C Template Contract”. The digital I &C system in the nuclear power plant is the core of the plant’s operation and control, so it demands high reliability.


49

News

NPP News

project under construction and there will soon be another. The

Automatic Welding Certificate Examination in Non-Native

ernments in different regions are keen to grasp this chance to

Area Completed first in Taishan

occupy the market, except for Shandong, Sichuan and Zhejiang

The first Certificate Examination on automatic welding to take place in a non-native area was held at the main pipe training workshop of Taishan Project Department with 7 welders. There

rest will be started in spring next year. Following the trend of resuming nuclear power projects, gov-

provinces which are also boosting the construction of the nuclear power industrial park. In addition, the nuclear power projects in different places have

are 9 courses to be examined including EPR reactor type fluc-

been continuously restarted. Shidao Bay Nuclear Power Plant

tuating pipe automatic welding, in-pile gauge pipe nozzle head

in Shandong Province has confirmed to start construction in

automatic welding and CRDM leakage pipe automatic welding.

mid-December this year.

This examination was strongly supported by the National Nuclear Safety Administration and the Northeastern Supervision Station. It indicates a good start for the welding work of Taishan nuclear power and the overall construction of the main system equipment. Source: http://np.chinapower.com.cn/

Source: http://www.china-nea.cn/ China and Russia Co-work in Tianwan Phase II Although China and Russia have not reached an agreement on the supply price of natural gas, the decision to cooperate in nu-

Planning for the Nuclear Industrial Park in Haiyang, Shan-

clear power has been a positive sign in the process of Sino-Rus-

dong Province, has been released

sian energy cooperation.

Shandong Province is to create a local nuclear power industrial park. The programming of Haiyang Nuclear Power Industrial Park has been open to the public with a plan to finish the equipment installation for the 110 KV converting station within this year and put into operation in February next year, the spokesman from Haiyang nuclear power plant confirmed. The information shows that the general planning of the industrial park has been submitted and a 3-square-kilometer starting area will be put into construction. RMB 180 million is expected to be invested in Phase I and complete a 60,000-square-meter forestation and other infrastructure. Currently, the top of three-story body of the converting station has been covered. The weak current pipe network, heat distribution pipeline, water supply network

The Ninth Conference between Sino-Russian energy negotiators was held in Moscow. During the meeting, the two sides officially signed an inter-governmental agreement on the Tianwan nuclear power phase II construction project. According to the agreement, they will enhance their cooperation in a series of fields such as nuclear power plants, spacial nuclear power, the floating reactor, the fast reactor and nuclear fuel. In addition, they will further expand their trade in the coal and electricity industries and invest more attention in the research and application of renewable energy. Source: http://news.bjx.com.cn/ Cooperation between CNZC and Belgian Sarens

and gas network will be subsequently laid by March next year. This year, Haiyang Nuclear Power Industrial Park has introduced 8 programs of which each investment exceeds one hundred mil-

China Nuclear Industry Zhongyuan Construction Co., Ltd (CNZC) signed a cooperation agreement with Belgian Sarens in Shanghai.

lion Yuan with the total investment of RMB at 3.02 billion includ-

Mr. Zha Xiaodong, the deputy director of the planning & opera-

ing the five nationally owned enterprise programs - SNPTC, CPI,

tion department in China Nuclear Industry Construction Group

CNNC, CNEC and Power Corp China. Currently there is one

and Mr. Zhang Xianhao, the general manager of CNZC attended


News

50

the signing ceremony. Both sides had a cordial exchange meeting after the ceremony. In the company of Mr. Hendrik Sarens, was a representative from Sarens’ board of directors, Mr. Zhang Xianhao and his associates. They especially visited Qidong construction site in Jiangsu Province, watched an SGC-120 crane and the under-construction project undertaken by Sarens there. Source: http://www.cnicec.com/ PMC Fuelling Machine and Transfer Device for Fangchenggang Unit 1 has Passed Acceptance The Leaving-Factory Acceptance Conference for the PMC Fu-

Huaneng Hign-temperature GCR engages in preparatory work for construction

www.dfdaily.com

elling Machine and Transfer Device of Fangchenggang Unit 1

nuclear power utility is extremely anxious to promote the new

was successfully held in Chengdu on December 7. The mate-

projects.

rial-handling machine and the transfer device are the two most

According to the nuclear power plan released recently by the

complicated and important pieces of equipment in the PMC

State Council: By 2020, the installed capacity for the operational

fuel-handling system. As nuclear-related equipment, they are

nuclear power units and the units under-construction will respec-

directly used for lifting the fuel assembly.

tively reach 58 million KW and 30 million KW, if you are late for

The acceptance means China Nuclear Power Technology Research Institute (CNPTRI) has finished all the equipment supply for the PMC single unit and it is another significant milestone for CNPTRI since it undertook the equipment localization task. During the acceptance, the leaders and experts from engineering companies and the operation companies visited production and testing site and spoke highly of the quality control, process and performance of the fuelling machine and the transfer device.

attaining the approval for the new project, you will be left far behind in the nuclear power market. Source: http://www.china-nea.cn/ Shenyang Rubber won the bid for CGNPC Nuclear Power Projects China Guangdong Nuclear Power Co (CGNPC) has announced

Source: http://www.cnpri.com.cn/

the winning bid for supplying Guangdong Yangjiang nuclear power project and Jiangxi Fangchenggang nuclear power proj-

Huaneng has obtained the HTGR Construction Permit

ect. Shenyang Rubber Research and Design Institute won the bidding with detailed documentation, advanced technology and

According to the Ministry of the Environmental Protection’s website, the National Nuclear Safety Administration has issued the Construction Permit for Huaneng Shandong ShiDao Bay Nucle-

outstanding achievements as well as a reasonable price. The institute attached great importance to this open bidding and finally became the qualified supplier for the above two nuclear power projects. The contract is now being implemented.

ar Power Company’s HTGR Nuclear Power Plant Demonstration Project. The approval was signed December 4. It is reported that there are three additional nuclear reactors re-

Source: http://www.rubbersy.com/ CPI plans to build small plant in Hunan Province

ceiving construction permission - Tianwan Unit 3; Fuqing Unit 4 and Yangjiang Unit 4. All will begin construction this year. The newly approved units had been shelved for a year and a half following the Fukushima nuclear disaster. Therefore, every

Mr. Zhang Shuofu, the Municipal Party Secretary of Yongzhou, Hunan Province, talked with Mr. Yu Jianfeng, the vice-general manager of China Power Investment Corp. (CPI) concerning the topic of building small-scale nuclear power project in Yong-


51

zhou, Hunan Province. CPI is one of the five power-generation groups in China and also one of the three groups qualified to holding and developing nuclear power facilities. Small-scale nuclear power projects refers to plants with single capacity less than 300,000 KW and with the characteristics including small volume, high safety, few limitations in geography, low construction cost and wide application. Mr. Zhang Shuofu gave the guests a warm welcome on behalf of the municipal committee and government. He indicated that Yongzhou as a city with long history and a good eco-environment would have broader prospects in the future; however, its energy will inevitably become one of its most important limiting factors while continuously building the nationally industrial transfer demonstration areas. Yongzhou needs the energy support especially nuclear power, so Mr. Zhang expects both sides to make preparations and lay a solid foundation for the promotion of the nuclear project in the future. Mr. Yu Jianfeng briefly talked about the prospects of the smallscale nuclear power project, government policies and technical requirements. He stated that CPI will closely work with the relevant units in Yongzhou and make some preliminary preparations in advance such as site selection so that the project can settle down in Yongzhou as soon as possible. Source: http://news.bjx.com.cn/ Voltage Regulator for Haiyang Unit 1 has been lifted to the Nuclear Island The AP1000’s reactor voltage stabilizer is one of the main components for the reactor coolant system at Haiyang Unit 1 and is classified as a Class I nuclear related piece of equipment. It has now been successfully delivered to the nuclear island. To ensure a successful installation, Shandong Nuclear Power Equipment Manufacturing Company discussed and reviewed the lifting solutions with all the construction units. Source: http://www.sdnpc.com/ Construction Organization Design of the Conventional Island Civil Engineering for Tianwan Units 3 & 4 has passed expert review On January 9 and 10, a group of experts organized by CNPE reviewed the organizational design of the civil engineering construction for the conventional island of Tianwan Units 3 & 4.

News

On the review’s completion, all the experts agreed that the content and capacity of the design, based on the experience of Tianwan Phase I, can meet the requirements of the national specifications and contract. They therefore gave it their approval. Source: http://www.powneer.com/ Acceptance Meeting of the Full-Scope Simulator Development Project for Changjiang Units 1 & 2 On January 8, the leave-factory acceptance meeting for the fullscope simulator development project of Changjiang Units 1 & 2 was held at China Nuclear Power Operation Technology Corp. (CNPO). During the meeting, CNPO gave a comprehensive update on the full-scope simulator project and the acceptance team concluded their acceptance testing and watched an operational demonstration of the simulator. After the check and testing, it was agreed that the full-scope simulator satisfied the leave-factory requirements and was allowed to be shipped from the factory. Source: http://www.cnpotech.com/


目录

52

目录 CONTENTS EDITORIAL STAFF / 编辑团队

EDITORS / 编辑 Arnaud Lefevre-Baril / 百力 Bessie Wang / 王文贝 NEWS / 新闻 Anna Liu / 刘晓燕

专访 哈蒙欧洲热工 :Eric Binard 先生以及 JeanChristian Martin 先生专访

55

基伊埃工程技术 Courtoy 公司工业业务拓展部技术 总监 Tonie Van Zegbroeck 先生专访

59

KABELWERK

EUPEN AG 公司核电产品生产部经理 ( 高级工程师 )Edgar Heinrichs 专访

64

TECHNICAL ARTICALS / 科技文章 Elaine Li / 李益楠 EVENTS / 展会会议 Anna Liu / 刘晓燕 DESIGNER / 设计师 FangHua Design Inc. / 芳华设计公司 DYNABOND POWERTECH SERVICE / 代邦核讯 联系方式 北京市朝阳区,工体北路甲 6 号, 中宇大厦 1509 PHONE / 电话 +86-10-64681222

67

证书

68

会议展会

科技文章 在严峻的电站退役环境下采用低成本红外摄像机

71

José Cabrera 核电站的拆除史(西班牙)

72

FAX / 传真 +86-10-64654957 EMAIL / 邮箱 info@dynabondpowertech.com WEBSITE / 网站 www.dynabondpowertech.com

新闻 75 79 82

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53

编者按

元月发生的事件 :

比利时科技的中国发展之路 百力 位于欧洲中心的比利时在与中国核能行业的合 作方面一直占据领导地位 SCK•CEN(比利时核子研究中心)成立于 1952 年,是第一批致力于核 能源研究的科研机构。

Tractebel 工程——工程界的权威 Tractebel 工程是法国阿海珐集团的长期合作伙伴,该公司参与了中 国岭澳项目,为该项目提供工程服务。Tractebel 公司通过签署技术转移 协议赢得了该项目的合作权。目前,该公司又参与到台山 EPR 项目中,负 责反应堆建设的土建工程研究。该公司的国际合作项目带来的收益占公司

该机构曾负责反应堆 BR1, BR2 和 BR3 的运行:BR1 现在用于设备校准 总营业额的 46%,而仅核能部门的收益就占公司的 29%。现在其核能部门 工作;BR2 为核医学行业生产放射性同位素钼 -99;BR3(试验压水堆)是 计划拓展中国市场,涵盖核能行业多个领域,如项目工程、燃料及堆芯管理、 第一个用 MOX 作为燃料的压水反应堆。 堆芯优化研究、燃料和废料储存及处理、辐射废料管理及退役、核工程培 比利时其它企业也在核能行业中做着贡献——向中国转移先进技术,

训等。

贡献专业知识。如负责土建工作的 Tractebel 集团、进行废料再处理的 Belgoprocess 公司、生产核燃料的 GEA Courtoy 公司、负责冷却塔项目的 Hamon 公司以及生产电缆的 KWE Eupen 公司。

SCK•CEN 是比利时科技在中国的领头军

Belgoprocess—— 技 术 推 动 型、 废 料 处 理领域的首选合作伙伴 Belgoprocess 公 司 与 中 国 核 工 业 集 团(CNNC) 及 Nukem Technologies GmbH 公司就一个热解厂的废料后处理签订了协议。该公司

比利时与中国在核能行业的合作要归功于 SCK•CEN 做出的杰出贡献。

最近与 ATAL 工程公司合作为香港环保部与设计并制造了低放废料最终处

该机构向中国核能行业的各个领域提供专业技能和知识,如辐射防护、辐

理 设 备。Belgoprocess 公 司 是 负 责 Eurochemic 退 役 的 领 头 企 业, 该 厂

射监测、核安全、核技术、创新理念、核计量学、核医学、核设施退役、

是 1957 年在比利时德赛尔建立的第一个后处理厂。最近该公司又参与了

放射性废料管理等。

2010 年 10 月,中国国家总理温家宝正式访问比利时,会见了比利时 国王阿尔贝二世及首相莱特姆。双方领导就核能源签署了合作协议。

SCK•CEN 就 Myrrha 项目签署了两个国际协议。第一个协议是与中国科 学院签署的,当时中方认为该项目可以引领他们向核废料处理技术更近一

Belgonucleaire 集团核设备的退役项目,中核集团对此项目产生了浓厚的 兴趣。

COURTOY 公司——世界核燃料及 MOX 旋转式压片机的领头军 德国 GEA 集团最近收购了 COURTOY 公司,该公司位于离比利时布鲁塞

步;第二个协议的内容是与 CNNC 合作建立生产 MOX 的试验工厂,并实现 尔不远的德国哈雷市,有着先进的燃料芯块制造技术。该公司生产各种核 MOX 在中国核反应堆的应用。 燃料,与中国包头厂和宜宾厂建立了合作,供货项目有加拿大的 Candu 反 现在这两个项目都在有序进行。2012 年 5 月,中国副总理李克强正式 访问欧洲,他反复强调中国希望从比利时引进更多的技术。

应堆、俄罗斯的 VVER、法国的 M310 及其它反应堆。COURTOY 洞察中国市 场发展趋势,预期中国本土化竞争会日趋激烈,所以很早就在上海建立了


编者按

54

Kabelwerk Eupen:260 多年的电缆制

工厂,一来可以为客户提供更好的服务,二来可以维护其旋转式压片机制 造商的领先地位。

造经验

该公司在 MOX 燃料制造用旋转式压片机方面拥有的独特技术使其成为

Kabelwerk Eupen 公司的历史可以追溯到 1747 年。那时的 Bourseaux

中国核工业集团子公司的重要合作伙伴。该公司的技术总监,Tonie Van

家族拥有一个小型车间,生产各种麻绳和缆绳。经过几十年的经验积累,

Zegbroeck 先生将会在本刊详细介绍其公司的业务。

直到 19 世纪末,该家族的 Carl 和 August 兄弟开始生产电缆。上世纪 80 年代早期,该公司向欧洲核电站输送安全级电缆,近期与田湾一期核电站

哈蒙欧洲热工——冷却技术的集成者

建立了合作。

上世纪 80 年代,哈蒙向中国的火力发电厂转移冷却塔技术。20 年后, 中方要求哈蒙为内陆核电站建立世界最高最安全的自然通风冷却塔。该公 司的一项最新技术——“集水装置”吸引了中国众多企业,如 CNPE(中国

面临中国同行的强劲竞争,Kabelwerk Eupen 公司制定了向中国市场 拓展的宏观战略计划。该公司的生产部总监 Edgar Heinrichs 先生将在本 刊为您独家讲述 Eupen 公司的发展史及其未来在中国的发展计划。

核电工程有限公司)、CNPEC(中广核工程有限公司)、SNPDRI(国家电 欧洲一些国家暂缓了核电发展计划,预示着它们本土的一些优秀核能

力规划设计研究院)。 这项技术将被应用于国内外的冷却项目。尽管福 岛事件放缓了内陆核电项目发展的脚步,还是有企业要求哈蒙为其提供核

企业可能将“无用武之地”。

安全级冷却塔技术,该技术曾在法国“Civaux 核电站”得以应用,如主泵 的冷却剂技术及其可以抵御各种突发事故的构造等。

比利时自 20 世纪 50 年代就是核电行业的领头军,现在仍致力于投 资核能研究,如核能第四代反应堆、国际热核聚变实验堆(ITER)计划。

哈蒙在离秦山不远的海盐核工业园建了一座工厂。该厂生产冷却

中国市场的快速发展为像比利时这样的发达国家的成熟技术出口创造了机 会。同时也要感谢比利时瓦隆出口局(AWEX)和比利时法兰德斯大区投资

塔 用 部 件, 并 在 北 京 培 训 了 一 支 支 持 团 队。 哈 蒙 总 裁 Jean-Francois 经贸局(FIT)等政府部门给予本国企业的大力支持。拓展中国市场不仅 Lambiliotte 说:“我们要在世界核能行业设计建造最大、最高、最安 能为为中国带来先进技术,还增加了比利时的就业岗位。 全的冷却塔,我们将继续向中国转移我们的先进技术。”哈蒙技术部的 Jean-Christian Martin 先生和 Eric Binard 先生将会在本刊就该公司的 发展历程做出详细讲述。

其它欧洲国家(如德国、瑞士、意大利)也应效仿比利时支持本国企 业向中国转移技术、拓展中国市场,而不再放任一小部分利益团体掩藏其 先进的技术和专业知识。

免费订阅《代邦核讯》和电子月刊,请填写以下表格并发送邮件至 info@dynabondpowertech.com 或者传真至 010-64654957

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55

专访

哈蒙欧洲热工 Eric Binard 先生 以及 Jean-Christian Martin 先生 专访

DPS:Binard 先生, 您能介绍一下自己吗?

DPS:哈蒙能否提供冷却塔的土木工程和建造?

Eric Binard 先生:1985 年加入哈蒙时我是一名冷却塔热试验员,

Eric Binard 先生:我们的工作涵盖整个流程。哈蒙是唯一掌握热

1988 年转到销售部,主要在巴基斯坦和日本工作,负责大型项目产品的出

工和土木工程技术的企业。土木工程作业往往被分包出去,这也是我们策

口。后来我又转到了气冷式热交换器(干式冷却器)事业部,在这个部门

略的一部分——把热工和土木工程分开。我们是自身领域的首要承包商,

做生产部经理已经有七八年了,主要负责用于石油和天然气工业的空气冷 不遗余力地满足客户的需求。 却器以及气体压缩机和精炼厂市场。在 Hamon 劳动力成本低廉化、生产多 样化的策略指导下,我去哈蒙在印度博帕尔的一家合资企业任职了两年,

Jean-Christian Martin 先生 :

我们在那里建造了一个新的工厂并安装了机器,后来我提议负责孟买的冷

冷却塔相关的全套服务,包括设计、建造和内部构件的安装。在中国,我

却塔项目,这样我重新回到了这个部门。当时,我们收购了一家小公司,

们很少提及这项服务,因为设计是由设计院实施,施工是由国内的建筑公

做了技术转让,也培训了一批工程师。2001 年,作为核电站生产线小组的

司承担。将来,如果市场需要,哈蒙也可以提供现场服务,就像我们在欧洲,

负责人,我回到了比利时。自此,我一直负责比利时、法国、土耳其、意

美国和印度市场上做的一样。这样的话,哈蒙将寻找一个合作伙伴来实施

大利和俄罗斯的冷却塔相关的全面工作。

DPS:哈蒙在国际核电市场上的表现如何? Eric Binard 先生:简单说,我们参与了核电站第三回路的冷却过 程,我们的冷却塔是冒着白烟的大烟囱,从某种程度上说,我们在“制造 烟雾”。我们供应产品的第一个核电站是法国里昂附近的比热电站。之后,

如果终端用户需要,我们提供

土建工作。在中国市场就有这个可能性。

DPS:哈蒙还向核工业领域提供其他的什么服 务? Jean-Christian Martin 先生 :

哈蒙能够提供冷却塔相关的各

项服务,比如修理和维护。中国(核电市场)的冷却塔都是新建的,暂时

我们相继给西班牙,德国,比利时和美国的核电站供应产品。

不会有维修需求,但是数年后肯定会有。我们在其他市场比如常规电厂有

  哈蒙的故事有趣的是哈蒙的两个兄弟 Achille 和 Fernand 也是 Hamon

这种需要,例如在欧洲,冷却塔检修就是哈蒙的一项重要服务活动,有时,

现任 CEO 的曾祖叔父都出生在法国的布列塔尼,1904 年,Achille 在法

只需要保持冷却塔始终具备同样性能,但有时需要升级一座 30 年的冷却

国成立公司,两年后,Fernand 在比利时成立了同样的公司。这两家公司

塔的内部构件以提高性能,这也是哈蒙能够提供的。

都是为新的工业工艺供应冷水塔,但 Achille 只是专注于法国市场,而 Fernand 的目光并不仅限于比利时,而是转向德国,然后又很快的打入美 国市场。这也是哈蒙开发的最早的两个外国市场。

DPS:哈蒙的研发策略是什么?研发费用占年度 预算的多少?

Hamon 在全球拥有员工 1900 名左右,目前仅哈蒙欧洲热工就有 200

Eric Binard 先生:研发费用占营业额的 1.5%-2%,但是占工厂产

名员工,他们的工作地点在法国和比利时。我们在法国、印度和中国建有

品总产值的 15%-20%。我们的企业不是仅仅依赖于现有的或经验证的技术。

冷却塔设备制造厂,在比利时我们有一个研发中心。

有的人可能认为我们的研发进程缓慢,但我们一直不懈努力以保持竞争力 并略领先于其他企业。哈蒙在研究领域投资很大。


专访

56

DPS:哈蒙通过研发都获得了哪些解决方案? Eric Binard 先生:有一个例子可以说明我们取得的成就。德国汉 堡附近的玛堡核电站,Vattenfall Europe 公司要求排放的“烟”尽量不 可视。为达到此目的,哈蒙设计了(现在正在建造)一种通风消雾冷却塔。 这种冷却塔的设计独一无二,因为它为玛堡电站两个独立的 800 兆瓦电力 厂区服务。这种概念的冷却塔有良好的���会反响,不但看不到排放的烟, 也满足电站对高度的限制(塔高低于电站主建筑)和地面情况。

DPS:这种解决方法是否适用于核电? Eric Binard 先生:是的,我们给法国电力公司希农核电站(卢瓦 尔河谷附近的一个 4X1000MW 电站)提供了一个相似的解决方案。因为附 近的卢瓦尔城堡是著名的旅游景点,所以不能有高大的可视建筑。因此, 我们就提供了一种看不见高大的塔身的冷却系统。

DPS:冷却塔是否对环境有害? Eric Binard 先生:没有,它是百分之百环保的。这是建造冷却塔 的重中之重。从河流汲取的冷水流入冷凝器然后阻止热水排放到河流里, 我们的冷却塔只需利用这个过程中 4% 的水即可。我们排放到河里的水没 有增加任何有害元素,因此对环境无害。我们曾经给一个核电站设计建造 了一种专门的冷却塔,在把水排放到河里之前收集水装置会把水先冷却。

DPS:您能介绍一下哈蒙在中国核电市场上的情 况吗? Jean-Christian Martin 先生 :

哈蒙研发中心 提供并安装这些冷却塔的内部构件。

2007-2008 年之前,中国只有

最近我们与隶属于中国核工业集团的中国核电工程有限公司签署了

沿海核电站,所以不需要冷却塔。后来,中国政府决定扩展核电站项目,

合作协议,这份协议为以后和中国核工业集团的在国际舞台上合作,及为

建设内陆核电站,由于不能把水直接排放到河流里,所以对冷却塔需求应

国内外核电项目提供大型冷却塔敞开了大门。哈蒙几年前在上海的中国嘉

运而生。如果排放的热水温度太高,就可能破坏生态平衡,但问题是需要 被冷却的水量越大,核电站需要的冷却塔就越大,所以中国的用户考虑能 否建一个比常规火电厂使用的更大的冷却塔呢?或者能否为一个反应堆建 造两个冷却塔呢? 我们与山东电力工程咨询院(简称 SDEPCI)取得了联系,他们想知 道针对冷却塔的大小问题,哈蒙有什么样的解决方案。与 SDEPCI 的第一次 沟通帮助我们获得了设计江西彭泽核电站“超大”自然通风冷却塔的合同。 这种技术是我们几年前在法国推广的一种。这种科技可以使冷却塔节省很

兴建立了一个专门生产湿式冷却塔内部构件的工厂,可以说,哈蒙的生产 基地可以很好的适应中国市场对冷却设备的需求。 哈蒙在中国也发展空冷蒸汽冷凝器和间接冷却业务,2010 年底,我 们在天津成立了一个工厂生产这种设备的内部构件,这是哈蒙在中国发展 的重要一步因为缺水地区对这种设备将有巨大需求。湿式冷却塔需要消耗 水,所以当水量不足时,你一点也不想浪费。空冷蒸汽发生器或者间接冷 却技术能够使水冷却的过程中不浪费水。这是为什么我们称它为“干式” 的原因。

多抽运成本和能量。当时国家核电技术公司正好成立,SDEPCI 的部分部门 也并入国家电力规划设计研究院(SNPDRI),SNPDRI 对这种技术很感兴趣, 我们与他们签署了协议,研究江西彭泽的 AP1000 核电站冷却塔的成套工程, 这个自然通风冷却塔将成为迄今最大的一个,它高 210 米,底部直径 170 米。 这是我们在中国的第一个工程。 我们的第二个重大项目是中国广东核电集团(中广核)承担的咸宁核 电项目。我们与他们签署了一份有别于其他合同的合作协议书。我们与中 广核合作拟出一套完整的咸宁核电 1&2 机组冷却塔设计方案。之后我们将

DPS:哈蒙在中国遇到的主要阻碍或技术挑战是 什么? Jean-Christian Martin 先生 :

哈蒙刚进入中国市场时,我们首

先必须做的是了解这个市场并打响我们的名声。因此我们加入了法中电力协 会,这个协会旨在推动法国的中小企业不断参与到中国的核电项目中来,它 的所有成员都是法国电力集团的合格供应商。这个渠道使我们受益颇多。


57

专访

  我们的策略就是要努力发掘出一个独特的技术优势来服务中国市场。我 们开发了一种冷却塔集水装置,这种系统非常节能,能够降低冷却塔内水循 环的集水成本。在传统的自然通风冷却塔里,从塔底抽水到指定水位,所以 冷却塔越大,抽水成本就越大。而使用集水装置的这个系统可以在较高的位 置收集冷水,因为抽水的距离短,抽水扬程就大幅度减少了,因此,抽水成 本和所耗能量也大幅减少了。这种技术在法国应用已经有 25 年了,是节能 的好办法。这是我们进入中国核应用市场时向中国推广的技术,它不仅适用 于核电站,也适用于需要用到较大冷却塔的常规电站。哈蒙是唯一一个提供 这种技术的冷却塔厂商,而且它的安装技术也得到了证明—25 多年前的冷却 塔至今仍在运行。

DPS:福岛核事故后哈蒙在中国有什么样的应对 策略? Jean-Christian Martin 先生 :

我们在中国的两个核电项目的

设计仍在持续,设计合同没有解除,但是延误了,不知道什么时候核电站还 会再建。不过我们坚信项目还会重启,因为中国能源供应需求大,中国一定 会在内地建造更多的核电站。当然核电安全也是会不断改善的。哈蒙非常愿 意与中国客户或设计院合作共同探讨冷却塔对环境的影响,因为在公众的意 识里,冷却塔被视为释放“废烟”的污染源,但事实上冷却塔排放出来的只 不过是水蒸气,没有任何污染。它非但不会给环境构成威胁,反而实际上有 益于环境。如果排放太多热水到河流湖泊里,水温的变化会危害里面的生物。

DPS:针对中国的核电市场,哈蒙将来的计划 是什么?哈蒙会给中国核电市场提供什么样的产 品。

出现。直接从河里抽水,然后经过转换系统达到冷却反应堆的目的。但是,

Jean-Christian Martin 先生 :

自然通风冷却塔—法国 Cruas 核电站

我们希望中国内陆的核电项目

有时候河水不足或者水泵被水里的杂物堵塞等情况发生时,反应堆得不到

尽快重启。我们相信哈蒙在内陆核电站有潜在的市场。我们也希望与中国不

有效冷却。因此,哈蒙设计建造了一些特殊的冷却系统来应对紧急情况。

同设计院的合作能继续下去。我们对这种策略保持信心。

我们已经为法国的西佛克斯核电站设计了这种冷却塔。这种塔能够抵抗住

  除了内地的项目,哈蒙在设计和建造使用海水的沿海核电站有长期的丰

任何外部环境的影响,包括龙卷风、强风和地震这样的自燃灾害。设计这

富经验。我们注意到中国越来越关注工业对环境造成的影响。冷却系统也会

种塔就是为了保证无论反应堆的环境发生了什么样的变化,冷却塔依然会

使海水升温,如同威胁河流湖泊生物那样严重威胁海洋生物,所以如果中国

运行,反应堆也会被冷却。

核发展当局决定在海边建一座冷水塔,我相信哈蒙会起到关键作用,因为我 们有在近海海域建造蒸发冷却塔的经验。关于新型的核电产品,那就是我们 在欧洲设计建造的备用冷却塔,称之为“终极散热冷却塔”,建于 20 年前 法国核电项目非常活跃的时期。建这个冷却塔是为了防止反应堆失水事故的

哈蒙中国工厂


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专访

基伊埃工程技术 Courtoy 公司 工业业务拓展部技术总监

Tonie Van Zegbroeck 先生 专访 DPS: 您加入 Courtoy 有多久了?可否介绍一 下您的个人背景?

左右,中心孔直径 0.2 毫米的环;我们还有压片机可以用 400KN 的压力压制 出直径为 60 毫米的片。

Tonie Van Zegbroeck 先生:1991 年,我加入了 Courtoy 公司, 担任梅洛克斯项目的项目工程师。Courtoy 刚刚卖给梅洛克斯工厂一个预压式 压片机,他们需要一位项目工程师设计一台专门处理 MOX 的压片机。在加入 Courtoy 公司之前,我在马里共和国北部(西非国家)工作了三年,负责当地 一个石膏厂,该厂与法国拉法基集团是竞争关系。

DPS: Courtoy 是家族式企业还是隶属于一个 集团? Tonie Van Zegbroeck 先生:

1998 年 Courtoy 的最后的家族

成员离开了我们,而该公司也于 1990 年卖给一家英国控股公司 GEI,而由于 经营不善,GEI 又将其产业出售给 GEA(基伊埃)。主要靠资产换置基金勉强

DPS: 在承接梅洛克斯项目之前,Courtoy 制 造核燃料压片机有多久的历史? Tonie Van Zegbroeck 先生:1969 年我们的第一台核燃料旋转

维持的企业被卖给了像 GEA 这样的大型工程公司,这对企业来说意义重大。 基伊埃更注重长远发展,所以它帮助我们研发新型设备,提升我们在全球的 影响力,并帮我们建造了一个新的生产设施。

式压片机出售给了美国的西屋电气公司。位于加拿大霍普港的 Zyrcatec 公司 (已更名为 Cameco 公司)现在还在使用该设备。据说,Cameco 公司用 1 美 元从西屋电气公司那里购买了该设备,负责这次购买项目的总裁办公桌上仍 然摆放着这 1 美元。Cameco 公司将该设备用作预压式压片机。五年前我曾去

DPS: Courtoy 是什么时候进驻核电市场的? Tonie Van Zegbroeck 先生:核电行业最初用液压单冲压片机生 产燃料芯块,但是使用这种压片机的缺点在于它的气缸和液压泵含有大量的

过 Zyrcatec 公司,看到这个压片机正在有序运作。 机油。如果封孔崩裂,机油就会四溅,很可能污染燃料。因此,有大批量产   有一点要特别指出的是,Courtoy 生产的设备质量非常好,且运行年限长,

品生产要求的核燃料颗粒厂转向探寻其它压片机技术。旋转式压片机是一个

这对于客户来讲意义重大。

机械化压片机,从机器顶端到底部压力得以均匀分配,并且这个机器的压力 滚轴只需要用少量的机油就能起到润滑作用。美国西屋公司是第一个尝试使

DPS: Courtoy 制造压片机的历史有多久了?

用旋转式压片机生产核燃料产品的公司。原因在于这种压片机不仅解决了漏

Tonie Van Zegbroeck 先生: 今年是 Courtoy 公司成立的 100

油风险,而且将产品产量提升为原来的 3 至 5 倍。

周年。公司成立初期,我们是作为负责小型机械修理的次承包商。我们所接 触的客户中,很多来自医药化学行业,而我们又负责他们的机器维修,慢慢 的我们就进驻了这个行业。我们生产的第一台压片机是机械化单冲压片机, 直到十几年前我们还在生产这种压片机的升级版本。   1933 年 Courtoy 开始制造旋转式压片机。我们的服务领域覆盖所有需要

DPS: 继美国之后,欧洲也开始发展核电,您是 如何接触到核电市场的? Tonie Van Zegbroeck 先生:我先是在梅洛克斯的压片机厂担 任项目经理,然后到了 Courtoy 公司担任工程部经理,从此开始涉足 Courtoy

将粉末转化为固体形状的行业。我们生产的压片机系列种类众多,我们有压 制小部件的压片机,例如有的压片机要用几牛顿的压力压制出外径 0.4 毫米

公司的所有核电项目。


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DPS: Courtoy 公司在欧洲核燃料领域中居于 什么样的地位?

不同,芯块的高度会有所不同,而由于压力恒定不变,每个固体压片的密度 都是相同的。

Tonie Van Zegbroeck 先生: 据我们所知,Courtoy 占领了世 界上至少 95% 的旋转式压片机市场。欧洲地区以前使用其它工厂生产的压片 机,但是我认为现在也全都被 Courtoy 生产的压片机代替了。

DPS: 贵公司有没有参与第 4 代核电站的核燃料 制造? Tonie Van Zegbroeck 先生:是的,我们有参与。如法国凤凰

DPS: 那么 Courtoy 公司在欧洲以外的其它国 家占据什么样的地位?

核电站和超凤凰核电站用的就是我们的设备。几年前,我们和法国原子能机

Tonie Van Zegbroeck 先生:从世界核能协会发布的核燃料芯

行中,我们专门为该项目设计了一款压片机。

块厂清单可以看出,除了伊朗、北朝鲜、巴基斯坦(不允许向这三个国家出 口相关核设备)和印度(有望很快获得出口许可)没有使用我们的压片机, 其它国家都在使用我们的设备。1994 年我们开始向俄罗斯出口 U02 压片机, 直到现在它还在用我们的设备,此外,哈萨克斯坦、中国、阿根廷、巴西、

构签署了一项关于第 4 代核电站压片机应用的协议,现在,这个项目正在进

DPS: 第 4 代核电站采用的旋转式压片机与第 2 代、第 3 代核电站有什么不同之处吗? Tonie Van Zegbroeck 先生:我认为首先是防护等级有所不同。 据我所知,对于第 4 代核电站用而言,用于芯块转化的粉末危险度更高,所

南韩、美国和加拿大的核燃料厂也在用我们的压片机。 以不需要操作者就能运行的高防护等级的压片机是至关重要的,并且这种设

DPS: 贵公司生产的压片机有何独特之处?为什 么这么多的国家都会选择贵公司的设备呢? Tonie Van Zegbroeck 先生:原因有几点。可靠性是一个重要

备需可以自动更换工具。

DPS: 贵公司的新产品体现了哪些新的研发理 念?

因素,但是更为重要的一点是只有我们生产的旋转式压片机可以提供恒定密

Tonie Van Zegbroeck 先生:就拿普通的铀压片机来说,技术

度压力,这是我们产品的一大特点。我们在顶端和底部的压力辊都安装了空

更新的地方不是很多。要知道核能领域的保守性较高。2007 年,我负责向国

气补偿器,这样就能保障所有的固体压片都有相同的密度。根据装模频率的

际推广我们公司的压片机时,我与核能领域的客户沟通过相关问题,请求他 们将使用我们产品的感受反馈给我们,并且希望他们提出改良要求。事实上,

比利时伊基埃 Courtoy 公司


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专访

为了更好提升我们产品的性能,当时我们确实做出过改良方案,但是几乎所

略,同时因为打磨而产生的废料也得以避免。现在我们正致力于解决这一

有的客户都不愿意改变压片机的性能和尺寸。这就意味着近几年我们的产品

问题,但是要实现这一目标并非易事。

几乎没有太大的改变。不过,最近我们正在探讨密度在线检测方案,并开展 了实验。我们从压片机生产的芯块高度、直径入手进行监测,并抽取 20 个芯 块对其重量进行检测。从芯块的高度和直径可以计算出密度,然后这个信息 将会反馈给压片机,压片机的控制系统将会调整压力或者固体压片的重量,

DPS: Courtoy 公司的旋转式压片机运行年 限长,这就意味着新的订单需求少,那么您是 如何维持业绩的? Tonie Van Zegbroeck 先生:我现在遇到的最大挑战就是在

以保证每个芯块的密度和高度都符合标准。

各个领域寻求业务合作。由于我们公司的产品出口遍布全球,所以核电方

DPS: 您的客户有没有对于生产核燃料芯块的压 片机提出反馈意见?贵公司将从哪些方面改进这 种设备?

向的业绩比较稳定。除了销售新的设备,我们还可以为客户升级已有的设备。

Tonie Van Zegbroeck 先生:核能行业非常关注如何实现压片

制粒制造过程更为流畅,我们还在设备上安装了两个旋转式供料器。不过

我们原来使用湿法制粒,现在多用干法制粒,我们在干法制粒的设备上装 有滞留 / 夹持系统以保证在���备喷发颗粒时颗粒不会产生裂痕。由于干法

压力本身没有发生任何变化。

净成形。这一点我可以解释一下 : 当我们压缩铀或者是任意粉末时,粉末会 产生内部摩擦,这就造成了芯块密度从外围向中间依次降低。因此,即使外 部压力恒定不变,芯块中部的密度也会因为粉末内部的摩擦而变小。经过烧 结以后,由于芯块中部的密度较低,整体形状会像计时沙漏。为了保证用于 反应堆的核燃料芯块散热均匀,必须严格控制芯块和包衣之间的公差,因此

DPS: 在工厂内部有没有专门负责核能压片机 的团队和办公场地?

我们会使用无心磨床打磨芯块以保证每个芯块形状都是标准的圆柱体。如果

Tonie Van Zegbroeck 先生:所有的核能项目由同一个项目

压片机生产的片剂经过烧结后的形状是标准圆柱体,那么打磨工序就可以省

经理负责。负责装配 R53/R57 压片机的员工也是来自同样的团队。这样我 们就能保证所有设备都能达到 ISO 9001 制定的高标准,该项标准适用于所 有核能设备和非核能设备。

DPS: 基伊埃 Courtoy 公司是什么时候进驻 中国市场的? Tonie Van Zegbroeck 先生:1986 年中国四川省宜宾市购买 了我们的一台核燃料压片机设备,现在这台设备仍在运行。

DPS: 让我们多了解一下 Courtoy 在中国的 发展状况。贵公司将设备出售给中国四川省宜 宾市,随后中国市场慢慢得以拓展,可否谈一 下贵公司在中国的发展历程? Tonie Van Zegbroeck 先生:宜宾市确实购买了我们公司的 设备,据我所知上次设备购买是在 2007 年年底。中国市场对我们来说很重 要,中国现在有很多在建的核电站项目,而核燃料需求成为必然。核能在 欧洲没有得到拓展,因此,我们需要转向其它国家寻求市场。我们了解到 中国现在正在研发新型反应堆,我们期望能够参与到这类项目。这样,我 们就可以帮助这些新型特定的反应堆优化核燃料芯块制造过程。

DPS: Courtoy 公司在上海建立了工厂,针 对中国市场而言,该厂的目标是什么 ? Tonie Van Zegbroeck 先生:不仅仅是核能市场,中国其它 行业的市场均发展迅速,这就意味着劳动密集型产品可以在中国制造销往 世界各地,如中型散装容器(IBC)。中国市场有需求,就有产品随之而来,

核燃料芯块压片机

现在我们将上海这家工厂的销售方向定位于整个亚洲市场。


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62

上海伊基埃公司

DPS: 现在贵公司开始在中国采购原料了吗? Tonie Van Zegbroeck 先生:我记得刚开始所需的不锈钢原料 是从欧洲运过来的,但是我认为现在这种原料可以在中国本地购买。

的。在核能产业,所有的产品都是按订单生产的,所以一个公司不仅需要有 生产制造能力,还要具备制造一个设备并且进行测试的能力。 在制药领域,所有的机器都是按照订单组装的,因为与其它行业相比, 制药行业的设备种类很少。举例来说,95% 的用于制药的粉末容器都是相

DPS: 也就是说您可以在中国找到相同的原料? Tonie Van Zegbroeck 先生:据我所知,中国的钢材质量及其 它原料质量大有提升,这些原料可以用于本土化生产。然而,我不知道这些 钢材是否完全是本土化制造亦或是有部分原料来自进口。

似的,所以片剂制造的流程区别不大。片剂的尺寸要小一点以便于吞咽, 所以总的来说这种设备的制造流程是非常标准化的。     而非制药设备的制造流程就复杂多了。举个例子来说,圆珠笔的钨珠需 要几公斤的压力。但是制造洗涤产品的压力就又不同了,大概为 20 吨。还有 一些项目所需的压力更高。我们有一个澳大利亚的项目所需的压力为 35 吨。 所以非制药设备制造产品的直径有小有大,所需压力千差万别,产品流程特

DPS: 位于上海的基伊埃工程技术(中国)有限 公司(GPCN 公司)现有多少员工? Tonie Van Zegbroeck 先生:员工数量在快速上升。十年前, 只有几百人,现在已达到 787 人,而且每月都有新员工进驻。现在我们计划 再找一处场地,这是 GPCN 公司十年内的第三次搬家,除了产品产量的增加, 项目工程和客户服务也是 GEA 追求的。

性也是不同的。

DPS: 有没有计划让上海公司更多的涉足核能市 场,如做核能维修或技术支持? Tonie Van Zegbroeck 先生:

我们在上海有一个这样的团队。

Jurgen Boecks, 曾经在 Courtoy 担任过研发经理,现在负责我们公司的业务 部门。他除了带领销售和维修小组,还带领一支专门负责 Courtoy S 模块压

DPS: 基伊埃上海公司有没有进驻核能市场呢? Tonie Van Zegbroeck 先生:现在来说还没有。但是我们确实 有为亚洲市场制造 Courtoy S 模块制药压片机。这些压片机也是小批量生产

片机组装的团队。他手下的维修小组可以对核能领域的设备起到技术支持的 作用。同时我们还有一大批经验丰富的比利时专家,现在在 Courtoy 驻泰国 办事处办公,他们可以更好的为亚洲客户提供技术支持,或负责大规模的设 备维护工作。


63

DPS: 贵公司是否为 AP1000 生产过芯块? Tonie Van Zegbroeck 先生:目前所有 AP1000 使用的芯块均 是 Courtoy 压片机制造的。互联网上有关于 AP1000 使用芯块的研究报道。 而美国西屋电气公司希望能够增加反应堆的输出量。其中一则研究报告表示, 西屋公司希望在芯块中间添加一个孔,这样不仅在芯块外层有一个包衣,在 孔洞中间也有一层包衣,就可以达到两边同时冷却。这样可以让反应堆的输

专访

所在。我们定期拜访客户,倾听他们的意见和建议,并给出合理的解决方案。 这一点对与我们来说非常重要。

DPS: 法国阿珐海、俄罗斯国有原子能公司、韩 国水力原子力公司在全球推广他们的技术。这些 企业有没有邀请贵公司成为他们的主要合作伙伴 来共同参与国际项目呢?

出量可以增加 30%。所以现在有些反应堆使用的核燃料芯块中间都有一个孔, 以保证芯块中间是冷却的。不过我们将会采用多种可行性方案来增大芯块的

Tonie Van Zegbroeck 先生:在阿珐海的帮助下,我们出售给

中心孔径。

韩国核燃料公社两台压片机。阿珐海在印度也有项目。然而,尽管我们有来 自印度的订单,却无法向这个国家出口我们的设备。现在比利时和印度政府

DPS: 贵公司是否有参与其它反应堆项目,如 EPR 或是第三代核电站?

正在就签订双边核能协议进行协商,该协议一旦签订,我们就有资格向印度 出口设备了。当然阿珐海还有来自其它国家的订单,他们也经常向合作公司 推荐我们的压片机设备。

Tonie Van Zegbroeck 先生:基伊埃工程设备 Courtoy 压片机 公司参与了其它反应堆项目,但是由于我们与这些公司签订了保密协议,不 方便透漏这些公司的名称。我们是一家工程设备公司,与该领域中在全球占 有领先地位的企业有密切的合作关系,如美国西屋电器公司、阿珐海、法国 原子能机构、韩国核燃料公社及中国核工业集团等。我们帮助这些企业优化 他们的产品。此外,我们与俄罗斯的企业也有合作。

DPS: 中国现在准备向其它国家 ( 如阿根廷 ) 的 核能市场进军 , 贵公司有没有计划与中国核工业 集团或其它中国企业建立战略合作伙伴关系,来 共同拓展国际核能市场? Tonie Van Zegbroeck 先生:阿根廷和巴西已经购买了我们的

DPS: 可以说贵公司的技术改良离不开客户的反 馈信息,对吧。

核燃料芯块压片机。我们已经向客户证明我们有设计和制造核燃料芯块设备

Tonie Van Zegbroeck 先生:我觉得这是我们改良技术的关键

项目。

的能,并且已经积累了丰富的经验。与此同时,我们希望能够与中国企业建 立合作共同拓展其它核能市场。当然,我们非常期望参与中国核工业集团的


64

专访

KABELWERK EUPEN AG 公司 核电产品生产部经理(高级工程师)

Edgar Heinrichs

专访

DPS: 您可以介绍一下您的背景吗?您已经在 Eupen 工作多久了?

DPS: Eupen 只在比利时设立了公司吗?

Edgar Heinrichs 先生:在获得电工学学位之后,我于 1979 年

在同样的地方,也就是在比利时的德语区 Eupen 市。我们的公司名字

Edgar Heinrichs 先 生: 整 个 管 理, 行 政 和 生 产 流 程 都 是

加入了 KABELWERK Eupen,那时我是安装和配件部门(电缆终端和接头)

KABELWERK EUPEN 也 源 于 这 个 地 理 名 字, 大 部 分 的 客 户 都 称 我 们 公 司

的技术经理。

“EUPEN”。

我作为市场部生产经理已有 10 年了,在此期间,我时刻关注世界市

  其他的销售处和物流中心遍布全球。几乎所有外面的附属公司名字中 都会提到“EUPEN”。

场动态,争取使 Eupen 的产品系列与世界市场接轨。 高级工程师的身份使我对外可以保持与客户的广泛联系,对内可以 和不同的部门加强沟通,例如研发部,生产部,测试实验室和质量控制部 门等。我现在的主要活动集中在核电领域的电缆产品上。

Edgar Heinrichs 先生:目前 Eupen 总部公司有员工 930 名。

DPS: Eupen 只专注于核电领域电缆的业务拓 展吗?是否还提供其他领域的电缆? Edgar Heinrichs 先生:KABELWERK

EUPEN 素以电力电缆全套 供应商闻名。从简单的电线到中低压电缆和仪控电缆,再到通 信电缆, 对称铜芯电缆,同轴电缆或者光纤技术,凡是可能应用于工业领域的电缆 都属于我们的产品范围。Eupen 数十年的产品生产经验使得我们的部分产 品在二十世纪八十年代就达到了核电要求标准,包括隔离区用拥有 DBE 资 质的电缆(即所谓的 K1 电缆),辐射密集区用电缆(所谓的 K2 电缆)和 外围区用电缆(所谓的 K3 电缆)。如今,这些电缆预期 60 年的使用寿命 已经不足为奇。

DPS: Eupen 创立于 1747 年,那时使用的是 什么电缆?你们是如何扩展到现在的核用电缆领 域的? Edgar Heinrichs 先生:1747 年,当地的 Bourse

DPS: 贵公司的规模有多大?

aux 家族开

始生产麻绳,但是主要用于航海领域。

  20 世纪初同样是 Bourse aux 家族,不过这时它已经在绞合技术方面

对于 Eupen 这样一个私有公司来说,这个数字还是相当大的。公司占地面 积 33.5 万多平方米,其中建筑和生产线占地面积约 14.5 万平方米。

DPS: 贵公司工厂设计和生产多少种类型的电 缆? Edgar Heinrichs 先生: 由于产品范围广泛,我们很难说在

Eupen 一百多年的历史中到底有多少种类型的电缆,只能说目前我们的系 统中拥有约 32,882 种不同的电缆。

DPS: 有些公司生产核用电缆,尤其是 K1 电缆。 Eupen 是否也参与电缆的设计呢? Edgar Heinrichs 先生:正如其他类型的电缆一样,我们也在 Eupen 市的设备处研发,生产和测试核用电缆。绝缘和护套材料也是在我 们内部实验室研发的,同样地,电缆构造也是由我们自己的设计部设计的。 从拔丝到外部护套,所有的生产都是内部运作的。而且,所有的测试都是 严格按照 ISO 9000 的规定执行的。   基本上,我们遵循所有相关的电缆标准,如 IEC 或 EN,还有核电标

积累了丰富的经验,并且开始生产简单的电缆。

准 IEEE383/323 或 RCC-E,和基于 IEC 或 EN 的消防标准。

  此外,它的产品还适应不断发展的电力技术,以及后来的通信技术。

  我们通常也会考虑客户的具体需求。

20 世纪 80 年代初这些产品已经符合了比利时第一批核电站 - Doel 和

  由于特殊的“K1”电缆系列涉及核电站的安全性能,我们在生产时就

Tihange 核电站的严格的标准要求。

格外注意和专心。


65

专访

DPS: 自从日本福岛事故后,核电相关部件的设 计和制造都对安全性有了诸多要求。EUPEN 是 否受到了新安全要求的影响? Edgar Heinrichs 先生:EUPEN 并未受到直接影响,核用电缆 的测试和安全标准向来很高且严苛,因为它关乎核电环境下电缆的使用寿 命,火灾事故中电缆的状况和核事故中电缆的性能。

DPS: 针对火灾,洪水和失水事故等,是否有特 别的新的规范要求呢? Edgar Heinrichs 先生:一般来说,IEEE

383/323 标准和法国 的 RCC-E 标准负责防范以上工况。此外,有的规范还要符合不同反应堆型 的特定要求。这些要求包括辐射剂量,温度和压力分布图以及其它的性能 要求。   EUPEN 一直希望按照世界现有项目和反应堆的参数测试自己的产品。

DPS: 一座核电站大概需要多少电缆?需要何种 电缆? Kabelwerk Eupen 实验室 -- 电缆成束燃烧测试

DPS: 贵公司的用户大多集中在欧洲还是其他地 方? Edgar Heinrichs 先生:只要我们符合相关标准,我们的产品 就有可能出现在世界上任何一个地方。我们的产品完全是按照国际通用标 准,还有 IEC 和 EN 标准以及大部分欧洲国家共同标准而生产的。   就中国市场而言,在 2003 年我们为田湾 1&2 号项目向上海核工院和 江苏核电公司供货。

Edgar Heinrichs 先生:很难准确说一座电站需求多少电缆, 我们生产大量不同类型的电缆,它们的应用不尽相同,并广泛用于不同电 厂的设备处。   整套电缆并不是来自一家供应商,但是核电站的建筑趋于精小化,所 以实际电缆也需要缩小。每台机组约需要 120-150km K1 电缆。

DPS: 请您谈谈 K2 和 K3 电缆的不同之处? Edgar Heinrichs 先生:这很简单:根据他们使用地方的不同, K2 电缆必须要有辐射抗性,而 K3 电缆原则上要安装在无辐射的环境中。 但是这两种类型的电缆都需要严格的生产监管和后续跟踪。

DPS: Eupen 的核用电缆是无卤电缆,你们和 美国的电缆主要不同之处是什么? Edgar Heinrichs 先生:多年来,公共建筑用无卤安全电缆一

直是 EUPEN 的一个重要市场。我们也以此获利颇多,所以也决定把这种电 缆应用到核用电缆产品中。   众所周知,核电市场有无卤解决方案(主要用于欧洲国家)和非无卤

DPS: 中国有些公司能够生产 K1 电缆,但是工 程总承包商宁愿从包括 Eupen 在内的外商那里 进口 K1 电缆。您对此有什么看法? Edgar Heinrichs 先生:长期的经验和优秀的业绩是关键因素。

长远看来,中国核电项目的“国产化内容”也将是一个政策决策。到那时,

方案(践行于美国和俄罗斯地区)。   EUPEN 专门向核电市场提供无卤电缆产品,致力于为核电站的基本安 全作出贡献。

DPS: 您可以谈谈和西屋的合作吗?你们是否参 与了 AP1000 项目? Edgar Heinrichs 先生: 在 Ringhals 项目框架下,西屋瑞典 公司是一个很好的忠实客户。我们面临着新型 AP1000 规格要求的挑战, 但我们有能力使我们的电缆满足这种新反应堆的条件要求。   另外,每个反应堆建设都会对项目相关的国家规格要求有预见性。

Kabelwerk Eupen 实验室 LOCA 测试设备


专访

66

完全实现国产化的中国电缆厂商才会有好的机遇。

个家族企业。我们公司的结构使我们只能把有限的员工和资金投入到像中 国这样的巨大且富有挑战的市场上。

DPS: EUPEN 是为数不多拥有 HAF604 认证 的的外国公司之一。你们是从什么时候开始在中 国开展业务的?

  语言和表达方式的差异可能是一个障碍。尽管可以通过英语达成简单 共识,误解和翻译的不同也是不可避免的,技术性高的翻译服务器又很少。

Edgar Heinrichs 先生:2010 年我们获得了 HAF604 认证,证书

编号是 N0-1008,该证书的有效期到 2015 年。没有该证书,任何核电相关 产品出口到中国都是不可能的。

DPS: K3 电缆的竞争是在国内,K1 的竞争是国 际上的竞争,你们是怎样发挥自身的竞争优势的? Edgar Heinrichs 先生: 我们尊重中国的“K3”市场,因此我 们把主要精力放在“K1”电缆上,只要投标方允许 K1 和 K2/K3 分开投标。

1. 核用对绞式、仪表屏蔽标准电缆

我们充分利用我们在“K1”产品方面长期的经验,但是我们也知道中国的 “K1”电缆市场是许多国际竞争对手角逐的目标。   另一个重要因素是永远以一种走近中国客户的姿态获得并保持他们的 信心。

DPS: 中国将建造更多的 AP1000 项目和其他 的三代核电站。这个策略是否影响了 EUPEN 的 技术要求?

2. 核用对绞式、仪表屏蔽标准电缆(子线结构图)

Edgar Heinrichs 先生:我们需要更多地了解三代核电的规范 要求,然后才知道我们以前提供的解决方案是否仍然适用。   关于安全,鉴于日本福岛核电事故,我们想安全要求会更高。

3. 核用标准电缆

DPS: 关于市场竞争,EUPEN 在中国面临的主 要挑战是什么? Edgar Heinrichs 先生:正如我在采访开始时说的,EUPEN 是一

Eupen 比利时生产工厂


2013 年 1 月

HAF 601 证书

企业

设备

安全等级

范围

注册日期

中国核工业第二二建设有限公司 东方电气集团东方锅炉股份有限公司

安全壳 压力容器

2级 1级

安装 制造

2013-1-22 2013-1-24

东方电气集团东方锅炉股份有限公司 东方电气集团东方锅炉股份有限公司

储罐 换热器

2级 2级

制造 制造

2013-1-24 2013-1-24

东方电气集团东方锅炉股份有限公司

支撑件

1级

制造

2013-1-24

上海电缆厂有限公司 中国核电设计有限公司(深圳)

阀门 管道及管配件

1 级, 2 级 & 3 级 2级&3级

设计 & 制造 设计

2013-1-22 2013-1-23

江苏神通阀门股份有限公司 湖州久立挤压特殊钢有限公司

2级 1 级& 2 级

设计 & 制造 制造

2013-1-22 2013-1-23

1 级& 2 级

设计

2013-1-23

江苏华阳金属管件有限公司

阀门 管道及管配件 管道及管配件, 闸门阀,机械贯 穿件 管道及管配件

1 级, 2 级 & 3 级

制造

2013-1-23

江苏标新久保田工业有限公司

主管道

1级

制造

2013-1-23

中国船舶重工集团公司第719研究所

67 证 书 


会议展会

68

会议展会

上海

北京 西安 河南

天津 济南

上海

云南

深圳

厦门

广东

1. 2013 第十五届中国国际工控自动化及仪器仪表(济南) 展览会 时间:2013/3/15-2013/3/17 地址:济南国际会展中心 联系人:青岛金诺国际会展公司 联系方式:0532-80771360 网址:http://www.jn-smtm.com/

2. 第九届中国(天津)国际装备制造业博览会

4. 2013 第 8 届中国(山东)国际装备制造业博览会

时间:2013/03/06-2013/03/09

时间:2013/3/5-2013/3/7

地址:天津梅江会展中心

地址:济南国际会展中心

联系人:靳凤菊

联系人:李漫

联系方式:022-66224086 网址:http://www.hpse.com.cn/Item/Show.asp?m=1&d=1823

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联系方式:0531-81219080 网址:http://www.chinaieme.com/Contact.asp

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时间:2013/03/14-2013/03/17 地址:西安曲江国际会展中心 联系人:张璐 联系方式:029-88153918 网址 : www.cn-hpf.com

地址: 深圳会展中心 联系人:徐先生 联系方式:0755-83458749 网址:http://www.simmexpo.com/portal.php


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6. 2013 第三届云南国际装备制造业博览会

会议展会

网址:http://www.cmpi.cn/page.asp?moduleid

时间:2013/3/28-2013/3/30 地址:昆明国际会展中心 联系人:徐姣

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联系方式:18213980454

时间:2013/3/28-2013/3/31

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7. 2013 第十四届东北(长春)国际工程机械、建筑机械、 联系方式:13592507710 矿山机械及工程车辆展览会

网址:http://www.ccieme.com.cn/inner-zz.asp?Pid=62

时间:2013/3/21/2013/3/24 地址:长春国际会展中心 联系人:王雪

12. 2013 中国空调节能及热泵设备展览会

联系方式:0431-86766871

时间:2013/3/21-2013/3/23

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地址:北京展览馆

=258

联系人:李光涛 联系方式:010-57272225

8. 2012 年中国国际煤化工展览会

网址:http://www.kongtiaoexpo.com/cn/index.asp

时间:2013/0321-2013/03/23 地址:厦门国际会展中心 联系人:江虹

13. 2013 中国上海热泵及配套设备展览会

联系方式:0592-5078295

时间:2013/3/11-2013/3/13

网址:http://www.pesgexpo.com/index.html

地址:上海光大会展中心 联系人:林青

9. 2013 第十三届中国金属冶金展 时间:2013/3/28-2013/3/30

联系方式 : +8618930202626 网址:http://www.cn-hpf.com/hpf.asp

地址:重庆国际博览中心 联系人:陈游江 联系方式:023-67745022

14. 中国国际液压气动及密封件展览会

网址:http://www.cmpi.cn/page.asp?moduleid=7

时间:2013/03/06-2013/03/09 地址:天津梅江会展中心

10. 2013 第十三届中国锻造锻件钣金及金属成形展览会 时间:2013/3/28-2013/3/30 地址:重庆国际博览中心 联系人:祝航 联系方式:13883620171

联系人:靳凤菊 联系方式:022-66224086 网址:http://www.zhenweiexpo.com/tjzw/zlsk.html


科技文章

70

科技文章 在严峻的电站退役环境下采用低成本红外摄像机 José Cabrera 核电站的拆除史(西班牙)


71

科技文章

 

在严峻的电站 退役环境下采 用低成本红外 摄像机

作者:Kevin L. Young, PE / Mike Hart / Kirk J. Dooley / Jeffrey D. Jones

图一:改进后的 FLIR IR 摄像机

结果 2011 年 10 月 2 日,改进后的红外摄像系统被放入 EBR II 反应堆

 引言

容器内,它运行 22 天,为主穹顶外的远程站退役小组人员提供红外可 视图像。红外系统为电站退役工作小组提供了宝贵的实时信息,从而可

红外摄像技术的成本持续下降,而图像分辨率和处理能力却不断 提高,从而使这项技术经济实用并被广泛用于核反应堆退役项目。本 文描述了相对廉价的红外摄像仪在严峻的核电站退役环境中的应用, 特别讲述了红外摄像仪在远程监控实验性增殖反应堆 II(EBRII)反应 堆容器内钠处理方面的应用。

 实际工作的描述   系统描述 2011 年春,工程技术图像服务公司 -- Communication Designs 按照与 CH2M-WG Idaho 有限责任公司(简称 CWI 公司)签订的合同 研发了一套红外摄像系统,该系统可在 EBRII 反应堆容器内操作。通 过修改相对便宜的 FLIR M-Series (M-626L) 长波热感摄像机,并增加 图二 熔融金属钠从中间热交换器流出的红外图像

惰性气体增压系统,红外摄像系统很快就被研发出来,而且成本不足 $30,000。

 操作环境 在设备部件进行钠残留液体处理时,EBR II 反应堆容器内的红外 摄像系统必须在严峻的环境中安全可靠的运行。反应堆内严峻的环境

以清楚地确认严峻环境下钠处理过程。图二显示了主容器内熔融金属钠 从中间热交换器流出的红外图像。即使摄像头被钠处理过程中产生的浓 雾遮住,红外摄像机也能够持续拍摄反应堆内主要组件的图像。

包括:

 辐射水平高达 300 Rad  湿度超过 95% RH  钠反应造成的高腐蚀性氢氧化钠喷洒  处理液强酸喷洒  钠反应产生的易爆炸氢气  熔融钠金属溅洒 图三 可视图像(左)被浓烟遮盖,但是红外摄像依然 提供了主反应堆内起反应的钠组件的清晰视图。

 系统修改 对红外摄像仪的修改包括密封摄像机外壳,在外壳上钻通气孔以 便保持氮气冲洗。调整可视红外摄像机的焦距,以便使反应堆容器内 物体可视度最优化。34 英尺的吊杆和定制的摄像头接口可以准确的垂

 经验教训 汲取的经验教训包括发现了红外摄像机内的氧化钒焦平面阵列不

直定位,并可以输送净化气体到摄像机外壳。由于潜在的氢气环境,

会造成可视度降低,因为辐射场使它适合在辐射环境中应用。CMOS

如果摄像机外壳发现损坏,由 Pepperl+Fuchs 生产的抽气器会自动切

图像传感器的功能因受到辐射场的影响会随着时间减弱。辐射对使用非

断摄像系统的电源。图一是修改后的 FLIR IR 摄像机。

晶硅焦平面阵列(另一种重要的红外焦平面阵列)和使用氧化钒焦平面


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阵列的红外摄像的影响以及影响程度的比较有待进一步研究。 另一个重大发现是了解到辐射测量的红外摄像机上的温度读数总要比红外摄像可视其表面的接触式热电偶上的读数精确。一旦目标表面的辐 射系数确定,红外摄像基本可以得出一个相较于热电偶更加精确的温度读数。

José Cabrera 核 电 站 的 拆除史(西班牙) 作者:Rodríguez Silva, Manuel

介绍 ENRESA 是西班牙国家电力公司,它主要负责核设施拆除和电站运营许可证转移。 José Cabrera 核电站由西班牙天然气公司所有,它的建设始于 1964 年,1969 年正式投入商业运行。核电蒸汽供应系统是由西屋电气设计和 提供,它是由一个小型压水反应堆组成。该反应堆的授权热功率为 510MW,电功率为 160MW,还包括所有保证电站在安全环境下有效运行的辅助和 安全系统。 2006 年 4 月 30 日,José Cabrera 核电站被彻底关闭。2 年后,即 2008 年 4 月 30 日,ENRESA 要求能源部转移该核电站的经营许可证,并要 求获得执行电站拆除和退役计划的相关授权。 2010 年 2 月 1 日,ENRESA 获得授权拆除 José Cabrera 核电站。当时乏燃料已经从燃料池中清除并储藏在现场的一个干式贮藏设施的容器里。 废物和材料管理的系统及辅助设施已经作了修改,准备工作基本完成。该项目的主要挑战就是拆除主要部件(容器,

图 1:拆除项目的主要活动


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科技文章

蒸汽发生器,稳压器,主泵和主回路)和使用大容量的集装箱(CE-2b)减少放射活度较高组件的分散。 内容 José Cabrera 核电站的除役拆厂作业是一个动态过程,它包括一系列活动,如拆卸,净化去污,解密,场地的拆除和现场恢复。 该项目的主要活动可以划分为七个关键部分, 其中 2 个部分贯穿整个过程(放射学特征和放射性废物管理)。 这些活动的实施要遵循不同部分的拆除方案的框架内规定,方案涵盖主要标准、方法论和必要预先分析。这些方案包括可用的技术方案和不 同的选择方案、鉴别工作干扰因素和主要活动规划。 自电站运行许可证从西班牙天然气公司转移到国家电力公司那天开始,拆除工作预计需要花费 6 年的时间,拆除预算为 1.35 亿欧元,不包 括乏燃料管理费用。

结论 •

José Cabrera 核电站的除役拆厂工作给 ENRESA 带来了新的挑战,例如:

大部件的移除和管理以及中级废料的管理是不能在 El Cabril 废料处置场进行的。

使用新的集装箱使反射活度高的废物的装载容量最优化。

大幅度降低运行阶段安全系统和技术规格的数量。

明确监督方案控制下对辐射防护至关重要的系统。

图 2:放射学特征,放射性废物管理

ENRESA 将利用从其他最新项目 (Vandellós I 核电站与 PIMIC) 和国际上其他项目中汲取而来的经验来应对这些新的挑战。


新闻

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新闻 NEWS 重点新闻 企业新闻 国际合作 核电站新闻


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重点 新闻 国家能源局公告发布 67 项能源行业核电标准

新闻

  在隋永滨看来,福岛核事故虽然给国内核电装备制造业带来 不小的影响,但也带来了很多需要反省和思考的问题。   记者整理其发言,发现问题可以大致概括为发展速度与产品 质量的关系、产能过剩必须引起重视、产能过剩可能引来的市场 恶性竞争。   “个人认为中国的核电发展前一阶段有点太快,任务太集中, 这种前提下,国产设备的质量很难保证。福岛事故后,中国放慢 了核电发展速度,对装备制造业来说,是件好事,我们对自己的 核电的质保体系、对产品有进一步的反思和反省。”隋永滨说。 来源:http://www.bhbmc.com/

按照《能源领域行业标准化管理办法 ( 试行 )》的规定,经审查,国 家能源局批准《压水堆核电厂用碳钢和低合金钢第 14 部分:2、3 级对焊 无缝管件》等 67 项能源行业核电标准 (NB,见附件 ),现予以发布。

申海科技成为核电保护神 连日来,我市奖牌企业申海工业技术科技有限公司一片繁忙的生产 景象。由于上海电气、哈尔滨电气、苏州阀门、沈阳鼓风等数家国内核电

来源:http://news.bjx.com.cn/

三代 AP1000 产品专业制造公司的订单纷至沓来,申海的核电产品镀铬车 间更是生产满负荷。

中通协会长隋永滨:核电装备制造业产能已过剩 近日,总投资达 70 亿元的核电设备项目已在四川成都的天府新区开 工。而从今年 6 月起,在江苏南京的江宁滨江开发区,一个规划面积达 2 平方公里的中国南京滨江核电装备科技产业园即将崛起。 无论是东北的老工业基地,还是中西部的新兴工业区,核电装备制造 业的吸引力有增无减。而这些地区所考虑的关键就在于,国家正大力支持 核电装备的国产化,而且核电在未来的中国乃至世界都具备良好的发展前 景和潜在的庞大市场。 但是,中国机械工业联合会总工程师隋永滨却在日前举办的第八届中 国核能国际大会上表示,国内核电装备制造业已经显露出产能过剩,将来 有可能能量放空。 据隋永滨介绍,从现在核岛几大设备来看,包括锻件、反应堆压力容器、 蒸汽发生器、堆内构件、控制棒驱动机构这些主要设备,包括环形吊车等, 现在的年产能力大致在 12 套左右,按照目前国内装备制造的情况,以后每 年制造 12 套百万千万核电机组所需设备应该没有问题。 但他也指出了目前还比较弱的环节,即堆内构件和控制棒驱动机构的 生产能力大致在 6 套左右,与其他设备相比还存在差距。此外,核岛主泵 目前仍是国内外企业合资在做,还处于引进技术和消化吸收的阶段。

  “涉及核岛的另外一个国产化难点就是核仪控系统和关键的核 级仪表,目前基本上都是从国外进口。核二级泵、核三级泵全部 实现了国产化;核一级阀门少量仍需进口,如稳压器安全阀和主 蒸汽隔离阀。但是,总体来说,我国的核级泵和核级阀门约 80% 可以实现国内采购。”隋永滨指出。   据了解,从长远来看,常规岛的工业汽轮机和发电机完全可 以实现国产化,一年的生产能力应该在 12-15 套左右。   另外,BOP 系统(除核岛和常规岛之外的其他辅助系统)中正 在趋近国产化的就是应急柴油发电机组。   信息显示���目前,从东北的黑龙江、吉林、辽宁,到沿海的 山东、江苏、上海、浙江、广东,再到中西部的湖北、江西、四川, 很多省市都把发展核电装备纳入当地“十二五”期间振兴装备制 造业的重点规划。

三代核电技术 (AP1000) 是目前国际上最先进、最安全的核电技术, 较二代 (AP600) 技术、设计理念更先进、安全性更好、预防发生事故措施 更先进,建造要求更高。申海公司承担了国内核三代 AP1000 产品的加工 重任,为反应堆的控制棒驱动机构、堆内构件、爆破阀等产品提供表面技 术处理。 堆内构件紧固件表面处理技术开发是大型先进压水堆核电站国家重 大科技专项的关键技术研发任务之一,它包括了产品的电镀硬铬与磷化。 核三代堆内机件表面处理镀铬是一项关键的核心技术,也是当今国际表面 处理的顶尖前沿技术,它是保障核电站安全运作必不可少的关键技术措施, 可以称得上是核电产品的“保护神”。过去,国内表面硬铬处理技术无论 从硬度、厚度、均匀性等方面远远达不到三代核电技术的要求,国产化难 度极大,许多国内的电镀企业解决不了这一难题。核电国产化是对一个国 家工业水平和能力的整体考验。核安全已经成为世界各国特别关注的大事, 承担制造核电设备及部件的工厂,对其设施、技术、经济、管理水平以及 员工素质都有相当高的要求。申海公司具有近四十年的电镀经验,是目前 国内生产规模最大,加工镀种最全、科技含量最高的的材料表面处理企业 之一,公司通过投入与研发,建成适应核电产品的专用车间和连续电镀生 产线,短时间内取得了专业性的重大突破。严格按国际 AP1000 标准,通 过特殊的电镀、磷化工艺,核电产品铬镀层达到:均匀走位好、无微孔点、 镀层薄 ; 镀铬层的硬度与耐磨度、耐弯折度得到了充分的保证 ; 具备高强 度的耐腐蚀性 ; 能承受超高、低温度。产品通过了国家核权威机构中核、 中广核考核认可,表面硬铬技术处理的水准达到了核三代 AP1000 标准, 代表了当今国际核电技术最先进的水平,完全符合我国目前建设核三代电 站的标准要求,改变了我国传统的表面处理工艺技术的现状,填补了国内 核电行业电镀硬铬产品的空白,结束了中国核电驱动机堆内构件靠国外进 口的历史。 现在,申海公司电镀和磷化的核三代反应堆内 AP1000 产品已应用到 当今国际最先进的浙江三门和山东海阳核电站的建设,这两个核电站是目 前世界上首次投入商业运行的 AP1000 核电项目。

来源:http://news.bjx.com.cn/


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新闻

中国核电重启进入实质性推进阶段 中国核电重启进入实质性推进阶段。11 月 17 日,福建福清核电项目 4 号机组、广东阳江核电项目 4 号机组同时复工建设。这是中国在日本福

两核电项目通过环评审批 昨日环保部网站公示,拟对秦山核电厂厂区防洪防水淹项目环境影 响报告表作出批复决定。公示期为 2012 年 11 月 26 日- 2012 年 11 月 30 日(5 天)。

岛核电事故之后,首次获批开工建设新的核电机组。这两台机组是于日本

秦山核电厂厂区防洪防水淹项目位于秦山核电一期北侧海堤和秦山

福岛核事故之前就已获批,原定于去年下半年开工,但后受事故影响而被

核电一期的西北侧的老沪杭公路,承建单位为秦山核电厂有限公司。该项

叫停。

目属于技改项目,工程不新增占地。项目建设内容主要包括:秦山核电一

知情人士称,国家核安全局在 16 日同意释放福清和阳江两个项目 的工程控制点,17 日两个项目在同一天复工。10 月底,国务院常务会议

期海堤加高;老沪杭公路挡水工程等。报告指出,该项目建成后无污染, 施工期间采取相应的环保措施,对环境影响是可接受的。

讨论并通过《核电安全规划 (2011-2020 年 )》和《核电中长期发展规划

而在上周,环保部网站亦公示了其对田湾核电厂 3、4 机组工程项目

(2011-2020 年 )》,原来已批复的几个项目则要优先启动,以后会陆续启

环境影响报告书(选址阶段)的批复决定。田湾核电厂 3、4 号机组工程项

动核电项目的建设。

目是田湾核电厂扩建项目,项目总投资 433.95 亿元,其中环保投资 14.01

国家能源局人士对本报记者表示,福清核电项目 4 号机组和阳江核 电站 4 号机组此前都处在施工过程当中,属于在建项目,因此应属于恢复

亿元。业内人士认为,近日连续有核电项目通过环评审批,环保部“忙碌” 的工作节奏,足以证明核电重启已经转入实质阶段。

施工。 资料显示,福清核电项目规划建设 6 台百万千瓦级压水堆核电机组。 一次规划、分期建设,一期工程建设两台机组。3、4 号机组为福清核电项 目的二期工程,3 号机组于 2010 年 12 月 31 日开工。由于福清核电项目采 用的是双堆机型,两个机组开工时间应相隔 8-10 个月。福清核电项目相 关人士对记者称,4 号机组的原定开工时间为去年 7 月。 阳江核电项目采用的也同样是双堆机型,2008 年 12 月 16 日开工 1 号机组,计划明年 8 月投产。其 3 号机组于 2010 年 11 月 15 日开工建设。 在两个项目开工 3 号机组之时,国家核安全局都是一次性颁发 3、4 号机组的建造许可证,但同时规定”将 4 号机组核岛基础浇注第一罐混凝 土设为控制点,必须经过我局检查批准后,四号机组方可浇注核岛基础第 一罐混凝土”。

来源:http://www.heneng.net.cn/

中国首发世界最长汽轮机末级叶片 近日,阿尔斯通在上海推出了长 75 英寸,排汽面积达 58 平方米的 L75 型超长核电汽轮机末级叶片,该产品是目前世界上最长、排汽面积最 大的末级叶片。末级叶片是核电站中的汽轮机低压模块的重要组成部分, 将蒸汽中的热能转化为电能。 L75 型末级叶片用于阿尔斯通阿拉贝拉核电汽轮机的低压缸,是阿尔 斯通在其现有的 69 英寸叶片产品基础上研发而成。升级版的 LP75 叶片在 相同工况和核反应堆的前提下,其单机出力可以增加一万千瓦,预计能带 来 400 万欧元 / 年的额外收入,相当于 6 万户中国家庭一年的用电量。 最新 LP75 末级叶片的首发,将进一步加强阿尔斯通在核电常规岛领

田湾二期是关键节点与福清、阳江 4 号机组一同被认定为下一步要

域领先的地位,其阿拉贝拉汽轮机叶片系列产品尺寸也增加到 LP57、LP69

启动的核电项目,还有山东石岛湾高温气冷堆核电示范工程和江苏田湾核

和 LP75 三种,这为电厂设计提供了更大的灵活性。LP75 叶片采用与早期

电项目二期工程。

型号相同的焊接转子技术和轻型设计,并采用类似制造工艺,许多零部件

高温气冷堆示范工程由华能集团公司、中核建集团和清华大学以 50%、35% 和 15% 的投资比例共同投资、建设、运营,采用具有四代特征的 核电技术。 由于此前已经走完了审批流程,石岛湾核电项目与福清、阳江 4 号

都能通用。 据了解,阿尔斯通从事核电业务已经有 55 年的历史。迄今为止 , 在 全世界的核电站常规岛里,采用阿尔斯通技术的机组占了 30% 的份额。也 就是说,目前全球运行的 475 台常规岛发电机组中,采用阿尔斯通技术作

机组一样亦不需要再走新的审批程序。

为常规岛发电机组的有 136 台。除汽轮发电机组之外,阿尔斯通还涉足核

与上述三个核电项目不同,田湾核电项目二期工程则完全是一个

电领域的其他多种产品,如热交换器、EDG 以及非主机核电产品(各种泵

新的核电项目,两台机组都没有开工。该项目由中核集团建设,

类产品)等。

采用俄罗斯 VVER1000 压水堆技术,计划于 2012 年 12 月开工建设 二期工程的首台机组。

来源:http://www.jnpc.com.cn/

多位核电业内人士曾对本报记者表示,田湾核电二期工程最有可能 成为我国重启核电新项目审批的首个核电工程。不过,中国对核电建设的 态度日趋谨慎。国家能源局副局长刘琦日前在接受本报记者采访时表示, 发展核电还应坚持安全第一、稳步发展,不能搞大跃进。这类重大项目以 后会搞社会评估。如果社会评估过不去,即便资源好、有条件建设,也很 难启动。“不能为了发展,而不顾民众的意愿。”刘琦说。

来源:http://news.bjx.com.cn/

筹划 5 年中国核电 IPO 终于进入审核阶段 据称,中国核电计划在上海证券交易所上市,募集资金规模大概在 百亿元左右,计划主要用于已有在建核电项目的建设,包括福建福清核电 工程、秦山核电厂扩建项目、浙江三门核电一期工程、海南昌江核电工程等。 2012 年 12 月 7 日,中国核电出现在证监会公布的在审企业名单中。 据了解,中国核电从筹划上市到目前递交材料并取得受理函已历时 5 年, 本次申报材料获得受理代表着中国核电 IPO 项目正式进入审核阶段。 据了解,目前证监会在审企业数量共有 808 家,按照现行的发行审


77

核制度和审核节奏来看,中国核电仍需较长时间才能进入发行阶段。 今年 10 月 24 日,国务院常务会议讨论并通过《核电安全规划》和

新闻

确保核电机组状态稳定可靠。环境保护部东北核与辐射安全监督站监督员 现场见证了临界过程。

《核电中长期发展规划》,对当前和今后一个时期的核电建设作出部署。 规划指出要稳妥恢复核电正常建设,并合理把握建设节奏。两个规划的出

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台,明确了我国核电后续发展的思路,安全、有序、高效发展核电仍然是 调整我国能源结构的重要选择和我国能源电力的重要发展战略。据业内人 士透露,目前核电在我国电力结构中的比例仍然很小,核电装机比重仅为 1.19%,与国际水平相比具有较大提升空间。 有资深投资人士分析,在电力行业上市公司中,火电类型上市公司 业绩对煤价变动的敏感性较高,水电类上市公司业绩则容易受到上游来水 季节性差异的影响,与之相比,核电类上市公司则较少受到外部因素的影 响,业绩更加稳定。对于投资者而言,是电力行业股票中较好的配置品种。 中国核电前身为中核核电有限公司,成立于 2008 年 1 月 21 日,于 2011 年 12 月 31 日整体变更为中国核能电力股份有限公司,由中国核工业 集团公司、中国长江三峡集团公司、中国远洋运输(集团)总公司和航天 投资控股有限公司共同发起设立,中国核工业集团公司控股。截至 2011 年底,公司拥有控股子公司 13 家,参股公司 1 家;控股在役核电机组 9 台, 装机容量 649.6 万千瓦;控股在建核电机组 10 台,装机容量 1028 万千瓦。 据中国核电公开披露的信息显示,公司目前运营核电站包括:我国第

我国首台自主知识产权 200 吨干法炉成功投产 截至 2012 年 12 月底,距正式投料生产仅三个月,我国首台具有中 核集团自主知识产权的 200 吨干法炉即 GFX-200 已生产出合格的二氧化铀 粉末 47.3 吨。这是中核建中核燃料元件有限公司坚持创新驱动发展,促 使科研项目转化为生产力的又一重要里程碑。 与湿法生产相比,该系统主要特点是产量大、自动化程度高、安全 性稳定性强、三废排放少。其能源消耗、单位成本均大大降低,尤其是物 料传输由过去用桶装、人推改为用真空输送,既降低了工人的劳动强度, 又避免了物料的泄漏,改善了生产环境,提高了生产现场的清洁度。 中核建中 GFX-200 干法炉使用了全新的生产工艺,突破了该公司核 电燃料组件生产能力提升的瓶颈,为其正在积极推进的核燃料元件生产线 新 400 吨扩建工程扫清了技术上的障碍,为今后核电燃料组件均衡、稳定、 规模化生产和进一步提高节能减排水平奠定了坚实的基础。

一座自主设计建造、运营管理,被誉为“国之光荣“的秦山核电站;我国 第一座自主设计建造、运营管理,被誉为”核电国产化重大跨越“的大型

来源:http://www.cnnc.com.cn/

商用核电站—秦山二期核电站;我国第一座实现核电工程管理与国际接轨 的重水堆核电站—秦山三期核电站;我国第一座采用全数字化仪控系统的 核电站—江苏田湾核电站。在建核电项目包括:全球首台三代核电 AP1000 —浙江三门核电项目,以及福建福清核电项目、秦山核电厂扩建项目、海 南昌江核电项目。 截至 2011 年 12 月 31 日,公司所属运行核电厂已有近 70 年的安全 运行记录,机组安全运行业绩良好,在国际上处于中上水平。2011 年全年 安全发电 444.35 亿千瓦时,占中国大陆核电发电量的比例超过 50%。

国内首批 AP1000 核级电缆顺利试验 江苏上上电缆集团研制的 AP1000 核级电缆在经历了历时 58 天的冷 却剂失水环境 (LOCA) 试验的考验后,顺利开炉 , 经检测,电缆性能指标 依旧符合标准要求。该试验的成功,标志着我国自主研发的核级电缆已满 足三代核电 AP1000 项目的要求,打破了国外产品在该领域的垄断。 同样重要的是,国家能源核电站仪表研发 ( 实验 ) 中心 LOCA 试验室 首次顺利实施了 AP1000 电气设备鉴定试验,标志着我国核级设备监管技 术手段有了新的突破。该 LOCA 试验室由上海工业自动化仪表研究院和上

来源:http://stock.sohu.com/

海电缆研究所共建,于 2011 年 5 月通过了国家能源局鉴定,2012 年 8 月 通过美国 ARES 核电设备 EQ 试验能力认可,不但是我国实施核级设备监管

施耐德电气 ATV1200 中压变频器首次应用在 核电站

的重要技术支撑力量,更为我国核级技术装备的国产化提供了有力的支持 和保障。

近日,全球能效管理专家施耐德电气宣布为中核集团三门核电有限 公司 ( 以下简称三门核电 ) 二期工程 3、4 号机组提供以 ATV120010KV 中

来源:http://news.bjx.com.cn/

压变频器产品为核心的能效解决方案,实现了施耐德电气中压变频器产品 在核电领域的首次应用。三门核电站是我国首个三代核电自主化依托项 目,采用了全球最领先的第三代核电技术 AP1000。项目中,施耐德电气的 ATV120010KV 中压变频器产品将主要应用于海水膜反渗透升压泵的变频调 速。

全球首批三门和海阳 AP1000 核电站将使用新 的控制室模拟机进行操作员培训 目前在建的中国三门和海阳 AP1000 核电站将使用新的控制室模拟机 进行操作员培训。预计第一批操作员将在今年年底获得执业资格。 该模拟机由 GSE Systems 公司提供,安装在三门海阳两个核电厂址

来源:http://news.bjx.com.cn/

的仿真控制室。他们的仪控设备与真实的操作员工作站的设备完全一样。 西屋称,迄今为止,三门有 34 名 AP1000 反应堆准操作员参加模拟

红沿河核电站1号核电机组首次达到临界状态 1 月 16 日,红沿河核电站 1 号核电机组首次达到临界状态,标志着 1 号核电机组正式进入带功率运行状态,向商运目标又迈出了重要一步。 整个机组临界过程中,红沿河核电公司严格按照国家法���和技术规程操作,

机培训。经过十八个月的学习,他们准备参加今年 11 月份中国核安全局 组织的资格考试。一旦通过考试,他们将成为世界首批具备上岗资格的 AP1000 核电厂操作员。另外 36 名学员也预计将于下个月在三门完成培训。 同时,未来数月之内,海阳现场会对新一批准操作员进行模拟机培训。


新闻

78

2007 年 九 月, 西 屋 和 其 合 作 伙 伴 绍 尔 集 团 获 得 了 建 造 中 国 4 台 AP1000 机组的授权许可:其中两台位于浙江三门,另外两台位于山东海阳。 三 门 1 号 机 组 将 会 是 全 球 首 台 AP1000 发 电 机 组。 该 机 组 预 计 在

北京召开铀矿大基地资源扩大与评价技术研究项 目中期评估交流会 2013 年 1 月 9 日,中核集团重点科技专项——铀矿大基地资源扩大

2014 年发电,4 台机组预计都将在 2016 年前运营发电。

与评价技术研究项目中期评估交流会在北京召开。会议由中核集团地质矿 来源:http://np.chinapower.com.cn/

产事业部张金带副主任、总工程师主持,中核集团公司孙礼亚副主任、蔡 晓冬副处长,地矿事业部、核工业北京地质研究院及核工业北京化工冶金

核电 DCS 系统工程进度管理初探

研究院等单位相关领导、项目跟踪专家及主要参研人员近 50 余人参加了 会议。

DCS 系统工程进度管理作为核电项目管理体系中的一个重要组成部

会议上,核工业北京地质研究院和核工业北京化工冶金研究院分别

分,正日益引起各个项目建设者的广泛重视及关注。数字化仪表控制系统

汇报了中核集团公司重点科技专项和优先发展计划项目的前期阶段性成

控制着核电站 300 多个系统 近万套设备,是核电站的“控制中枢”和“神

果、项目总体进展、完成情况以及项目经费使用情况,并就项目下一步工

经中枢”,DCS 系统安装是核电建设的一个 关键路径。而 DCS 系统工程

作部署做了详细安排。参会人员就两个项目展开了深入的讨论并就存在的

进度管理贯穿于核电项目管理全过程,是核电项目管理的 重要组成部分,

问题及下一步工作重点提出了建设性意见。

它直接关系到核电项目的投资效益,是保证整个核电项目成功完成的关键 因素之一。随着国内核电市场全数字化仪控时代的到来,DCS 系统工程进

来源:http://www.briug.cn/

度管理在设计、采购、施工、调试等各个环节中逐步得到应用并日臻完善, 在一定程度上降低了成本并取得了良好的管理效率和投资效益。 目前我国已运行的 15 台核电机组中成套采用 DCS 系统的有田 湾、岭澳二期核电站 ( 成套采用了 SIEMENS 公司和 AREVA 公司联合供货的

“十二五”或有 3 到 5 个铀矿大基地建设计划落 地 日前,由中国核学会铀矿地质分会和铀矿冶分会联合主办,核工业

TELEPERM XP/XS 平台 )。国家规划的到 2020 年建成 7000-8000 万核电装 机容量中去除在建部分,还有 4000 万核电装机容量将至少需要 20 套以上 的成套核电系统,在建和规划中的核电站将全面采用 DCS 系统,广阔的市 场前景给核电 DCS 系统工程进度管理提出了更高的要求。

北京地质研究院承办的“全国铀矿大基地建设学术研讨会”召开,与会的 中核集团地矿事业部副主任、总工程师张金带指出,积极推进铀矿大基地 建设对提高我国铀资源保障能力和铀矿山企业的规模化、集约化水平具有 重要意义。 业内人士指出,我国核电产业规模化发展步伐加快,对铀资源保障

来源:http://tech.bjx.com.cn/

程度提出了更高要求,天然铀产业进入了加快发展的重要战略机遇期,如

国家核安全局召开三次《放射性废物安全管理条 例》

何提高国内铀资源供应保障能力已成为当前核电发展亟待解决的问题。 张金带在《合理布局科学规划积极推进铀矿大基地建设》一文中曾 建议将铀矿大基地定义为,以铀矿田或铀矿化集中区为基本单元,兼顾周

为了贯彻落实《放射性废物安全管理条例》,进一步做好放射性废

边成矿远景区和分散的矿床,统筹整装勘查和开发的铀资源集结区。其探

物管理工作,2012 年 9 月 -12 月,国家核安全局辐射源安全监管司组织

明资源储量应在万吨以上,其中至少有 1-2 个大中型规模的骨干矿床,天

了《放射性废物安全管理条例》(以下简称“放废条例”)本年度的第三

然铀产能目标分 800 吨 / 年以上、500-800 吨 / 年、300-500 吨 / 年三个

次宣贯会。宣贯组由辐射源安全监管司、核与辐射安全中心和中国辐射防

级别,服务年限至少 15 年。

护研究院相关人员组成。核与辐射安全中心吴浩副总工及刘新华、商照荣、

根据张金带在上述文章中的介绍,目前我国已探明近 350 个铀矿床,

徐春艳、汪萍参与了宣贯工作,对条例的内容释义以及与条例相关的法规

大中型矿床的数量虽然只占 27%,但其资源储量约占总资源储量的 77%,

标准进行了介绍。

而且数十个铀矿田的资源储量也约占总资源储量的 76%。我国铀矿床有相

中核集团、中广核集团和中国电力投资集团及其相关单位近 200 人

当的聚集度,很多矿床之间的距离仅千百米,如江西相山铀矿田探明的

参加了宣贯会。辐射源安全监管司赵永明副司长出席会议并讲话。会上宣

20 多个矿床近 3 万吨资源储量就分布在方圆 10 多千米的范围内,便于整

贯组详细讲解了《放废条例》。浙江海盐和广东大亚湾的宣贯会上,宣贯

体开发利用。

组还对我国核与辐射安全监督管理体制、我国放射性废物管理法规标准体

知情业内人士透露,目前大基地建设的实施途径首先迈出的一步是,

系、《放射性废物贮存、处置许可的管理办法》以及与放废管理有关的新

成立区域性的铀矿大基地建设指挥部,以此加强区域内各项工作的统筹协

标准进行了介绍。山东海阳的宣贯会上为了加强各方对低、中放固体废物

调。

管理、处置政策,推进处置场建设,还特别邀请了潘自强院士等专家就低

信息显示,江西、内蒙古和广东已先后成立铀矿大基地建设指挥部,

中放固体废物处置进行了交流。宣贯组就与会代表关心的贮存和处置许可

西部和北方地区产能建设步伐大大加快,新疆伊犁铀矿大基地资源勘查工

证、处置场选址规划等问题进行了解释和讨论。

作进展顺利。 上述业内人士表示,“十二五”期间,预计将有三到五个铀矿大基

来源:http://www.chinansc.cn/

地建设计划落地。 公开信息显示,中核集团地矿事业部 2012 年签订 11 份协议,与中


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新闻

石油、中石化、神华集团、中央地勘基金、中国地调局、属地化核地勘队

质量安全工作作了客观总结,表达了对公司的不舍和感激之情,以及未来

伍的合作获重大突破。

发展的良好祝愿。 夏钢介绍了自己的核电业务从业经历,以及行政、公关、人事等方

来源:http://news.bjx.com.cn/

面的工作履历,表示将努力发挥好中广核工程公司与中核二三的桥梁纽带 作用。

来源:http://www.cni23.com/

企业 新闻 盾安环境中标 HEA 工程核级冷水机组项目 近日,盾安环境核电领域再传捷报,继公司成功中标秦山核电应急 指挥中心、山东石岛湾高温气冷堆核电站示范工程项目后,又成功中标 HEA 工程核级冷水机组项目。 HEA 项目是国家重大专项之一,由中国核动力研究设计院及中国核工 业华兴建设有限公司共同组织招标,该项目对产品质量及质保要求非常高, 盾安环境凭借成熟的技术方案、可靠的质量保证、优秀的项目管理团队, 在众多竞标者中脱颖而出,成功中标。 盾安环境将为 HEA 项目提供共计 4 套 VCC/VCE 水冷式冷水机组设备。 此次 HEA 工程核级冷水机组项目的中标,标志着盾安环境在核工程领域得 到进一步的拓展,进一步提升了盾安环境在核工程市场的占有率。

环境保护部副部长李干杰视察上海核工院 11 月 21 日,国家环境保护部副部长兼国家核安全局局长李干杰一 行在国家核电技术公司(以下简称“国家核电”)董事长王炳华等陪同下, 视察了上海核工院。 视察期间,李干杰听取了上海核工院院长郑明光关于院生产经营、 人才队伍建设、核心竞争力培育、依托项目支持、标准设计进展及运作模 式、CAP1400 科研设计进展等方面的工作汇报。随后,与会双方围绕依托 项目建设、标准设计推广、示范工程、新电站审评机制、核电未来发展等 问题进行了充分的交流与探讨。 李干杰对国家核电和上海核工院在研发、设计、建设、运行服务等 方面的工作表示肯定,他指出,国务院通过的与核电发展密切相关的四个 文件对我国核电的发展具有里程碑式的意义,必须深入贯彻落实四个文件 的要求。一是要坚定信心,牢牢把握“在确保安全的基础上高效发展核电” 这一方针政策不动摇;二是把在运、在建核设施的质量控制、安全保障措 施落实好,狠抓安全不懈怠;三是要与兄弟企业充分合作交流,整个行业 形成合力,为国家经济建设又好又快发展作出贡献。 李干杰强调,对于后续项目,一是要汲取福岛经验教训,充分借鉴 国际先进做法,落实安全改进措施;二是要按照最严格的安全标准保证设 计水平的先进性;三是以“消除大规模放射性释放的危险”为目标,进一 步改进三代技术,提升技术的安全性与可靠性。

来源:http://news.bjx.com.cn/

中广核工程公司新派驻高管换届 11 月 19 日,公司举办座谈会,欢送刘星副总经理任期届满返回中广 核工程公司,同时迎接中广核工程公司新派驻高管夏钢副总经理到任。公 司常务副总经理王峰主持座谈会,并宣读了任免文件。

李干杰要求核电企业要不断强化自身的社会责任意识,注重信息公 开、注重公众宣传、注重科普教育,不断提升公众对核电的认知度,进而 为核电的发展营造良好的舆论氛围。 考察期间,李干杰一行访问了上海核工院工艺系统所并观看 CAP1400 三维动画演示。

中国核建集团公司副总经理、我公司董事长、总经理董玉川,中广 核工程公司总经理助理、我公司董事李靖,公司领导班子成员及总部各部

来源:http://www.china-nea.cn/

门、各事业部、设计公司负责人等参加了座谈会。 在座谈中,董玉川代表公司对中广核工程公司长期以来给予的大力 支持与帮助表示感谢。同时,对刘星副总经理到任后,带入中广核工程公 司先进的管理理念,尽心尽力、确保公司在核电建设快速发展阶段安全、 健康发展作出的积极贡献给予高度评价。他对新到任的夏钢副总经理表示 热烈欢迎,希望他对公司的发展多提建议,并通过两位高管的桥梁和纽带 作用,使中广核工程公司与中核二三公司建立的深厚友谊源远流长。 李靖用“良师、益友、导师”6 个字对两位派驻高管的工作能力作了 评价,对公司给予中广核工程公司的支持表达了感谢,希望夏钢尽心尽责, 维系好与中核二三公司的纽带关系。他还回顾了担任董事以来,与以董玉 川为首的中核二三公司领导班子集体共事取得的收获,并希望我公司为核 电顺利建设作出更大贡献。 刘星回顾了 2 年零 5 个月里与公司同舟共济的心路历程,对分管的

工作汇报现场

来源:国家核电网


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核燃料组件的需求。中核集团董事长孙勤、总经理钱智民、副总经理邱建刚、

中核工业集团公司北京地质研究院热液型铀矿开 发项目通过验收 日前,由中核工业集团公司北京地质研究院牵头,核工业二三〇研 究所、二七〇研究所和二九〇研究所等单位参加的核能开发项目《热液型 铀矿攻深找盲技术》顺利通过科工局组织的项目验收。 该项目采用“小核心、大协作”,研产有机结合的方式,经过数十 名科研人员 5 年的科技攻关,在铀成矿理论、攻深找盲技术方法、铀成矿 远景预测和资源突破等方面取得了多项重要创新性成果,形成了一批具有 自主知识产权的专利技术,部分成果已在勘查生产中得到推广应用。

杨长利、俞培根,中国核能电力股份有限公司总经理陈桦出席了签字仪式, 签字仪式由集团副总工程师李广长主持。 在签字仪式上,钱智民指出,核电产业与核燃料产业是中核集团最 重要的两大业务板块,此次签署长期采购供应协议与合同,是中核集团坚 定不移地按照社会主义市场经济原则推进生产组织方式调整,践行集团公 司“集团运作、专业经营”方针的重要举措,也是集团公司管理提升活动 取得的重大成果,为核电产业与核燃料产业的健康、可持续发展奠定了良 好的基础。 出席签字仪式的还有集团公司副总会计师王世鑫、中国核燃料公司 总经理焦成襄、中国原子能工业有限公司总经理刘春胜及集团公司有关核 电、核燃料企业主要负责人共 30 余人。

来源:http://www.caea.gov.cn/ 来源:http://www.cnnc.com.cn/

广东院 " 核电工程变压器 DCS 控制模块 " 首获 国际发明专利 近日,广东院“核电工程变压器 DCS 控制模块”成功申获 PCT 国际 发明专利授权,这是广东院首项获得正式授权的国际发明专利,也是中国 能建首项国际授权专利。 该专利采用与机组统一的分散控制系统 DCS,实现 6.6kV 变压器开关 控制与机组控制系统共享操作员站,整体监控,可以大大提高机组可靠性 和自动化水平,减少运行维护人员设置,达到减员增效的目的,有效降低 了使用及维护成本。该项发明已于 2010 年 1 月 27 日获得国家知识产权局 颁发的专利证书。 科学技术是第一生产力,企业专利拥有量已经成为衡量和考核企业自 主创新能力的重要指标。近年来,广东院高度重视科技研发工作,不断提 高企业自主创新能力,并取得丰硕成果。目前,广东院共获专利授权 120 项, 其中国际发明专利 1 项,国家发明专利 11 项,实用新型专利 108 项。

中核建披露公司“十二五”具体目标 中国核工业建设集团公司 2013 年度第一期超短期融资券募集说明书 披露,公司“十二五”末将实现营业收入 500 亿元,未来三年计划投资 32.1 亿元。 募集说明书披露,公司“十二五”具体目标是:集团公司收入年均 增长率保持在 20% 以上,利润总额年均增长率不低于 25%。“十二五”末, 实现营业收入 500 亿元,实现利润 11 亿元,经济增加值达到 4 亿。形成 集团公司军工工程、核工程建造技术标准和项目管理规范,提升核电技术 水平,巩固强化军工工程和核电工程建造领域的竞争优势,实现 AP1000、 CPR1000 等主要堆型和核燃料循环系统工程 100% 市场占有率。全面完成“大 型先进压水堆及高温气冷堆核电站”国家科技重大专项课题研究,形成相 关的设计、建造技术和标准体系。投资建设 1 至 2 个高温气冷堆项目、2 个低温核供热堆示范项目,成为高温堆、低温堆项目的主要���资方。响应 国家“走出去”战略,发挥核电建造能力优势,积极开拓国际市场,承揽

来源:http://www.gedi.com.cn/

2 至 3 个国际核电站建造任务。 募集说明书还指出了公司的发展战略,即到 2020 年,在核电工程建

广利核公司举行与法国源讯网源公司交流会

造领域成为国际一流的承包商,在高、低温堆领域成为具有世界领先水平 的国际化投资运营商,实现集团公司整体营业收入超过 1,000 亿元。

2012 年 12 月 3-7 日,法国源讯网源(Atos Worldgrid)公司中国区

公司未来三年计划投资总金额为 32.10 亿元,计划投资额以涉及核电

副总经理、首席技术官安地(Andéol Ayzac)率管理和技术团队一行 7 人

建设方面投资为主,金额为 27.27 亿元,占未来三年投资总额的 84.95%。

对公司进行了友好访问,双方举行了为期一周的交流活动。 市场总监肖玉华、质量部经理孟广国、技术部总工石桂连主持和参

来源:http://news.bjx.com.cn/

加了交流活动。 来源:http://www.ctecdcs.com/news_center/

天然铀,浓缩铀,核燃料长期采购供应协议(合同) 在京签订 12 月 12 日,中国核能电力股份有限公司与中国核燃料公司、中国原 子能工业有限公司在北京首次签署天然铀、浓缩铀、核燃料组件长期采购 供应协议及合同。此次签署的协议与合同,涵盖了中国核能电力股份有限 公司所属全部核电企业从 2013 年至 2020 年的天然铀采购、铀浓缩服务、

中国核工业华兴建设公司再获中国建设工程境外 鲁班奖 日前,中国建筑业协会组织的中国建设工程鲁班奖(境外工程)评 选结果揭晓,公司承建的巴基斯坦恰希玛核电站二期工程项目榜上有名, 这是公司继秦山三期(重水堆)核电站核岛工程之后,核电项目再次获得 鲁班奖荣誉。 本奖项评选的主要对象是我国建筑业企业在境外承包,且执行我国 工程建设标准的工程,旨在提高我国建筑企业境外承包工程的质量水平, 提升国际市场竞争力。 此次鲁班奖(境外工程)的获得,充分展示了公司在核建行业的雄


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厚实力和良好的社会形象,对提升公司品牌,拓展海内外市场有着积极的 促进作用。 来源:http://www.cnhxcc.com.cn/

新闻

外单位制造的一类放射性物品运输容器,应在首次使用前报国务院核安全 监管部门审查批准。该公司按此要求于 2012 年 12 月向国家核安全局提交 了《进口一类放射性物品运输容器使用批准书取证申请》,并最终通过了 核安全局的审批,获批使用。

中广核工程公司签约承建中海油放射源库建设项 目 日前,由中广核工程公司承揽的《中海油惠州物流基地(二期)项 目放射源库工程设计、采购、建造总承包合同》成功签约。中海油放射源 库建设工程总承包(EPC)项目是中广核工程公司承揽的首个 EPC 总承包 签约项目。该项目采用项目式运作,由项目经理直接负责。目前,该项目 已顺利移交项目实施经理,进入项目实施阶段。 来源:http://www.cgnpc.com.cn/

世界首次成功完成了 AP1000 核电厂安全壳内 电缆的 LOCA 试验 - 上上电缆集团 2012 年 12 月 27 日,国家核安全局和中心审查组在上海国家电线电 缆质量监督检验中心 LOCA 实验室对江苏上上电缆集团有限公司民用核安 全电气设备设计 / 制造许可证扩证申请模拟件(AP1000 壳内电缆)LOCA 后试验进行了现场见证。国家核安全局官员和中心审查组人员参加了试验 见证。现场试验结果满足国家相关技术要求。

核燃料组件运输容器使用许可的申请工作是核燃料运输准备工作的 重要环节,直接关系核燃料组件的启运时间和安排。此次使用申请的获 批为山东核电一期工程一号机组的燃料运输及首次装料工作提供了有利条 件。

来源:http://www.zdt.com.cn/

中核集团乏燃料运输容器研制项目召开专项协调 会 1 月 25 日,中核集团核动力事业部在京组织召开了集团重点科技 专项乏燃料运输容器研制项目第二次专项协调会。中核集团总经理助理、 核动力事业部主任李晓明出席会议并讲话。 会议汇报了乏燃料运输容器研制项目总体研究进展情况及比例模型 容器制造进展情况,与会代表对该项目研究进展中存在的问题进行了沟通 和协调,并确定了项目下一阶段的工作任务。 李晓明指出,科研要以市场为导向,乏燃料运输容器市场需求迫切,

上上电缆集团有限公司在国内和国际上首次成功完成了 AP1000 核电 厂安全壳内电缆的 LOCA 试验。

乏燃料的及时运输是保证核电站持续稳定运行的重要保障;各单位要加强 沟通协调,梳理好各层级管理关系,提高项目管理效率;按项目任务书要 求合理安排工作,确保容器样机研制任务的顺利完成。

来源:http://www.chinansc.cn/ 来源:http://www.zh404.cn/

中核二二公司两项实用新型技术获国家专利 2012 年 12 月,国家知识产权局分别为中核二二公司“摩擦试验可调

三门核电新燃料进厂获国家核安全局审批

限位装置”和“预应力穹顶起重悬臂吊”两项发明创造授予了实用新型专 利权证书。 近年来,中核二二公司在积极参与我国新一轮核电建设的同时,不 断加强施工技术的研发和应用,在核电工程施工领域形成了许多具有自主 知识产权的发明创造。经过不断的实践应用和经验积累,一些成熟的工法、 技术、实用新型通过了权威部门的评定,为提升核电建造技术水平,增强 企业科技实力奠定了坚实的基础。

1 月 5 日,国家核安全局正式向三门核电有限公司下发了《关于颁发 三门核电有限公司一类放射性物品运输容器使用批准书的通知》和《关于 批准中核集团三门核电有限公司燃料组件(美供)运输核与辐射安全分析 报告书的通知》,标志着三门核电首炉燃料组件运输容器取证工作和新燃 料组件运输方案的审查工作顺利完成。 根据我国核安全法规要求,核电厂在运输燃料到厂之前必须编制《燃 料容器安全分析报告书》和《运输核与辐射安全分析报告书》,并报核安

来源:http://www.china-nea.cn/

全监管部门审查认可。为了保证容器和运输方案的审查不影响首炉燃料的 到场目标,三门核电于 2011 年制定了燃料运输容器和运输方案的专项审 评计划。在该公司领导的带领下,各个处室积极推动,取照工作顺利开展。

核安全局批准山东核电首炉燃料组件运输容器使 用 近日,山东核电顺利获得《进口一类放射性物品运输容器使用批准

2012 年 11 月 2 日和 12 月 20 日,国家核安全局分别组织召开了三门核电 新燃料运输容器使用批准书专家委员会和运输核与辐射安全分析报告书批 准专家委员会,同意关于燃料运输容器和燃料运输方案核与辐射安全分析 报告书的审评意见,认为可以给予相应的批复。

书》。 本次获批使用的核燃料组件运输容器共 160 个,用于山东核电和

燃料容器使用批准书和燃料组件(美供)运输核与辐射安全分析报

三门核电共四台机组的首炉核燃料组件运输,其中 80 个为西屋公司租赁,

告批准书的取得,为三门核电 1 号机组首炉燃料组件的进厂创造了有利条

另外 80 个为两家业主公司分别向西屋公司购买获得。

件,也标志着国家核安全局已审批通过新燃料进厂。(郑开源)

按照《放射性物品运输安全管理条例》第二十六条的规定,使用境 来源:http://www.cnnc.com.cn/


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国际 合作

AP1000 项目,实现相互学习,有助于加深国家核电与绍尔公司的战略合作。 王炳华还就派出人员工作、生活和安全等方面提出了要求,勉励他 们珍惜这次工作和学习机会,在美国的工作和学习中快速成长,为核电事业 做出贡献。 根据进度需要,国核工程公司还将陆续派遣更多的中方工程技术人 员支持美国的 AP1000 核电项目建设。 国家核电人力资源部、计划发展部、工程管理部、国际事业部、商务部、 政研法务部及国核工程公司有关负责人参加了座谈会。

德国凯士比集团与上海核工院合作日趋紧密

来源:http://www.snptc.com.cn/

中英联手加快核电部件国产化 为落实国家有关核电关键调节阀国产化的发展要求,上海自动化仪 表股份有限公司与英国 IMI 集团昨天合资组建上海自仪希希埃阀门公司 ( 名称暂定 )。合资公司将致力于实现关键核电调节阀的国产化制造,从而 不仅可降低核电项目建设成本,更将打破国外技术垄断。

来源:http://www.china-nea.cn/

孙德润会见法国驻成都总领事馆总领事 11 月 9 日,集团公司党委副书记,重装股份公司副董事长、总经理 德国凯士比集团技术董事访问上海核工院

来源:上海核工院网

孙德润在五会议室会见了法国驻成都总领事馆总领事鲁索。 孙德润对鲁索来访表示欢迎。他说,鲁索先生此次来访二重是我们一 次很好的相互认识和了解的过程,一定能为二重和法国相关企业的未来合

11 月 9 日,德国凯士比(KSB)集团技术董事 D.-H.Hellmann 一行四 人访问上海核工院。上海核工院副院长夏志定会见了海尔曼先生。 此次会谈中,双方在已达成了研发 CAP1400 湿绕组泵的合作协议 的基础上,进一步讨论了研发的关键技术难点、合作的领域和模式,对

作起好桥梁推动作用,我们愿与法方企业在相关领域开展交流合作,共同 发展。孙德润还就二重历史沿革、产品类型、研制能力等企业概况向客人 做了介绍。 鲁索对二重的热情接待表示感谢。他说,此次来访是寻找本国企业

CAP1400 重大设备国产化、自主化起到推动作用。双方一致赞同将加强沟通、

与二重合作的商机,二重的生产能力很强,法国的空客、赛风等航空及铸

交流和合作。

锻集团都有与你们合作的空间,希望这次访问能成为各企业间未来合作的

凯士比集团自秦山一期核电工程起就与上海核工院建立了良好的合

钥匙,为引入更多的法国企业与二重合作奠定基础。

作关系。随着重大专项以及院国际化战略的实施,双方的合作将愈发紧密、

座谈会上,双方还就有关事宜进行了交流探讨。

深入。

会见期间,鲁索一行还参观了展示中心、160MN 水压机和核电容器厂。

来源:http://www.snerdi.com.cn/

王炳华与公司首批参建美国核电项目人员座谈 2012 年 11 月 19 日,国家核电技术公司(以下简称国家核电)董事 长王炳华通过视频与国核工程有限公司首批赴美支持 VOGTLE 核电项目建 设人员进行了座谈。 根据上月国家核电与美国绍尔集团在北京签署的《美国 VOGTLE 项目 技术支持服务合同》,国核工程公司首批派遣 6 名工程技术支持人员。这 些人员都是通过严格的选拔程序、从众多的优秀候选人中遴选出来的。此 前,他们从事世界首批 AP1000 核电项目建设,积累了丰富的工程建设经验。 王炳华在座谈中指出,这是我国和平利用核能以来,首次向世界发达 国家提供工程技术支持服务,意义重大,开创了我国核电对外合作的先河。 这些人员参建美国 VOGTLE 核电项目,一是虚心向美国同行学习 AP1000 核电项目建设经验,二是将中国依托项目建设中的良好实践应用于美国

法国驻成都总领事馆商务参赞胡杨、法国经济财政部代表居恩、商 务处助理许婷随同来访。 进出口公司总经理李广天及党政办外事办、战略与发展部等单位相 关人员参加会见。 来源:http://www.china-erzhong.com/

英国核聚变研究专家赴川寻求核能研发教育合作 机会 在会议上,中英双方代表分享了各自在核能领域的专长,寻求在高 等教育、科技研发等方面的合作机会,共享在核聚变研发方面的知识。 英国原子能机构主席 Steven Cowley 教授告诉记者,国际热核聚变 实验堆 (ITER) 计划是目前全球规模最大、影响最深远的国际科研合作项 目之一。“2020 年我们将正式启动 ITER 计划,在这以前我们需要大量的 经过系统培训的年轻科学家投身于这个事业中,我希望中英双方能进行人 才交流。” 四川大学物理学院院长龚敏也表示很愿意与英方合作。“英国提供


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了一些人才培养方面的项目,中英合作开设的硕士、博士学位课程,中英 核科技技术人员交流互访都将变为可能。”龚敏说。据了解,以 Steven Cowley 教授一行的五位英国专家,先后到达中国北京、合肥两个城市对 当地的核聚变研究机构,教育机构进行拜访。成都是第三站,也是最后一 站。这也是首次英国政府组织核能领域专家到中国北京以外的城市和当地 主要核聚变领域专家进行深度交流。 Steven Cowley 告诉记者,英方选择北京,合肥和成都三市,正因 为它们是中国的核聚变科学研发中心城市。具备核能源科技研发的技术, 也有为国家培养核聚变领域专门人才的高等教育机构。 “在过去几十年的时间里,在核聚变的研究领域,中国对全球贡献 是很大的。”Steven Cowley 举例说,一个是中科院等离子研究中心有一 个托克马克装置是处理速度方面的成就,另一个是成都西南物理研究所在 稳定性方面取得的成就。 “核聚变是未来能源的发展趋势,中国现在也越来越重视核聚变的 研发,在该领域的的投资越来越多。”Steven Cowley 表示,中英双方在 此领域已经建立了战略伙伴关系,中英双方通过这次交流可以进一步发展 合作关系,共同研讨可持续性发展的科技模式。 英 国 原 子 能 机 构 是 英 国 政 府 资 助 的 最 顶 尖 的 核 融 合 研 究 中 心。 Steven Cowley 是该中心的领导者。 来源:http://news.hexun.com/

中国竞标土耳其第二座核电站具有优势 12 月 9 日 , 土耳其媒体报道 , 土耳其能源部长耶尔德兹 (Taner Yildiz) 表示,在土耳其第二座核电站竞标过程中,中国具有越来越多的 优势,中国未提出需土国政府担保的要求并承诺提供融资。土经济部长恰 拉扬 (Caglayan) 也表示,中国为土国第二座核电站竞标开出非常重要的 优惠条件。参加土国第二座核电站竞标的有日本、韩国、中国和加拿大。 其中,日本宣布退出,加拿大与土国仅处于核电站可行性研究阶段,韩国 拟联合阿联酋解决融资难题。 来源:http://www.cnnc.com.cn/

新闻

法国核电企业存亡的市场。   《世界报》称,法国核电企业在未来 15 年内接到的订单中,将有 80% 来自中国。   法国阿海珐集团总裁乌尔塞勒日前在接受法国《星期天报》采访时强 调,未来 30 年全球新建的核电反应堆,将有一半在中国市场。中国将建 造数十个反应堆。   《世界报》评价说,对于法国核电企业来说,与北京交恶不是一个正 确的选择。   法国有业内人士提出建议,法国企业要想长期占有中国市场,最明智 的做法是通过一定程度的技术转让,获得来自中国的订单,然后将收益投 入到技术研发中,保持针对中国核电企业的技术优势,形成一种对法国企 业有利的良性循环。

来源:http://www.china-nea.cn/

亚洲核能会议开幕 未来约建设 100 座核反应堆 据日本共同社 15 日消息,由全球核能行业相关人士探讨安全等领域 地区核能开发课题的“亚洲核能会议”今日于马来西亚首都吉隆坡开幕。 本次会议为期两天,由世界核协会赞助举办,来自日本、中国、韩国 和法国等地的 200 多人出席。 报道称,以三菱重工为首的日本核反应堆制造商和来自日本原子能研 究开发机构的与会者也将参与有关人才培养和废弃物管理方式的讨论。 据报道,福岛核事故后,全球都在调整核电计划。不过随着经济发展, 亚洲仍有不少新兴国家电力需求增长,正在考虑新建核电站。近期液化天 然气价格上涨也推动了这种趋势进一步发展。 据国际原子能机构统计,今后 10 年亚洲约有 100 座核反应堆被列入 建设计划,约 220 座反应堆的建设方案已被提交。

中俄将通力打造游动核电站 深化中俄核能合作

来源: http://www.china-nea.cn/

俄罗斯核动力局副总经理洛克申日前在中国江苏省田湾核电站 第二阶段开工仪式上表示,中俄愿一同建设游动核电站,中国将负责为核 电站建设拖船,俄罗斯负责电站的建设,但不会移交核工艺。    据悉,这座游动核电站的基础是小型核反应堆的制造工艺,以 此为基础的核反应堆已在破冰船和潜艇顺利工作多年。预计 2014 年前俄 罗斯将批量生产小型核电站。   俄罗斯核动力局生产发展经理奥博佐夫介绍说,这些核电站的 使用寿命为 36 年,造价相对低廉且生态效益良好,将为乡镇等人口较少 的地区提供动力和暖气。这座核电站至少十年不需添加燃料,功率足于保 障十万人口城市供暖和照明。连同岸边结构的建设,核电站总造价约为 6 亿美元,十年内可收回成本。   报道称,俄罗斯准备为出口建造游动核电站,但条件是电站的 全部运作周期 ( 包括建设、使用、培养工作者 ) 由俄罗斯核动力局全面负 责,向别国出售这种核电站不包括移交核工艺和使用过的原料。

山东核电通过美国 ASME 协会“U”&“U2” 认证评审 2013 年 1 月 14 日至 15 日,山东核电设备制造有限公司顺利通过美 国机械工程师协会(ASME)联检组的评审,将被推荐到 ASME 协会颁发 “U” 钢印和“U2”钢印证书。这是继 2012 年 4 月 12 日 ASME N、NPT 核级证书 成功换证之后,公司在资质取证方面取得的又一项重大突破。资质的取得, 标志着公司在压力容器设备的设计、制造及质量管理能力方面达到了新的 更高的水平,得到了国际权威机构的认可,同时也为产品走向世界取得了 通行证。 两天来,ASME 联检组通过对公司质量控制手册的审查,从设计控制、 材料控制、工艺控制、焊接控制、检验及无损检测控制、示范产品演示等

来源:http://www.china-nea.cn/

方面进行了质量体系运行的评审工作。 ASME“U”&“U2”资质认证联检末次会议 在末次会议上,ASME 联检组组长喻重青先生宣布了评审结果,认为

法媒关注中国核电 称未来 15 年订单 80% 来自 中国

山东核电设备制造有限公司建立的质量控制体系满足 ASME 规范第Ⅷ卷第 1

未来 15 年订单 80% 来自中国。法国业内人士普遍认为,中国是关乎

展,有能力生产出满足 ASME 要求的产品,将向 ASME 协会建议颁发“U”

册和第 2 册的要求,公司各项工作能够按照质量控制手册所规定的要求开

钢印和“U2”钢印授权证书。


新闻

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ASME 授权证书是企业参与国际市场资格的通行证。公司把 ASME 认 证作为提高质量控制水平、增强市场竞争力的重要手段,公司于 2009 年 4 月 3 日顺利通过 ASME 联检组的 N、NPT 核级认证评审,同年 9 月 3 日顺 利通过 ASME 协会 NA、NPT、NS 核级认证评审,2012 年 4 月 12 日以无任 何纠正措施开启成功通过 N、NPT 换证评审;在此基础上,经过 7 个月的 准备,又顺利通过了 ASME U&U2 的联检审查,这将为公司的管理提升、品 牌树立和经营发展奠定更加坚实的基础。

来源:http://www.snpemc.com/

核电站

新闻

国核自仪与西屋电气签订后续 AP1000 仪控项 目合作协议 2013 年 1 月 15 日,国家核电技术公司(简称“国家核电”)所属 国核自仪系统工程有限公司(简称“国核自仪”)与美国西屋电气公司(简 称“西屋电气”)在北京签署了《AP1000 仪控范本合同》协议备忘录。 核电站数字化仪控系统是核电站运行控制的核心,对可靠性要求极 高。此次协议的签署,标志着国核自仪与西屋电气在仪控业务领域的互利 共赢合作迈出实质性的一步,为 AP1000 全数字化仪控设备国产化、自主 化奠定了坚实的基础。 国家核电董事长王炳华、副总经理马璐,西屋电气亚洲区总裁 Jack Allen、高级副总裁 David Howell 等出席了签字仪式。国核自仪总经理邱 韶阳与西屋公司核自动化副总裁 Graham Cable 在协议备忘录上签字。西 屋电气中国区总经理 Tim Collier、核自动化副总裁 Graham Cable、核自 动化中国区运营总监 Raj Bhan、核自动化项目经理曹子健,国核自仪董 事长李强等共同见证了签字仪式。

来源:http://np.chinapower.com.cn/

美国泰拉能源商定将在四代堆技术上与上海核工 院展开进一步探讨 1 月 21 日至 22 日,美国泰拉能源公司(TerraPower)首席执行官 季约翰(John Gilleland)率公司高层访问上海核工院。 上海核工院院长郑明光与来访客人进行了会谈。院先进核电技术中 心向客人介绍了中心自主研发的新堆型。泰拉能源介绍了行波堆的技术特 点和项目进展,特别是原型堆 TWR-P 在反应堆结构、主设备、固有安全特 性和工程设计经济性估算等方面的内容。 此次来访是继两年前泰拉能源核心技术团队访问交流后与上海核工 院的进一步接触。双方商定将在四代堆技术参数指标、概念和工程实施等 领域展开进一步探讨。 泰拉能源是由比尔 . 盖茨领衔投资的致力于开发先进清洁核电技术 的公司,其目前研发推广的行波堆同时满足环保、经济、安全、可持续性 和核不扩散等要求。致力于为人类提供绿色、环保、高效的能源技术,上 海核工院与泰拉能源正积极拓展合作,推动世界核电技术的发展。

EPR 堆型主管道自动焊首次异地取证考试在台 山项目部顺利完成 11 月 15 日至 17 日,台山核电 EPR 堆型波动管、堆芯仪表管嘴封头 及 CRDM 泄漏管自动焊操作工取证考试在台山项目部生产区主管道培训车 间开展,7 名焊工参加了 9 项次的全部考试。 此次考试是在国家环境保护部核安全局、华北监督站的大力支持下, 在建设公司、南方公司考试中心以及核反应堆公司的大力推动下完成的, 核安全局处长李天舒、建设公司副总工程师王贵洪在现场监督和指导了考 试工作。台山项目部为此次考试做了大量准备工作并提供了良好服务。 本次考试是 EPR 堆型主管道自动焊首次异地取证考试,考试的顺利 完成为我司自动焊异地取证考试积累了大量经验,为今后自动焊异地取 证考试的推广奠定了良好的互信基础,也为台山核电后续波动管焊接和 2013 年主系统设备全面施工创造了良好的条件。 来源:http://np.chinapower.com.cn/

山东海阳核电园区规划正式出炉 山东省正在加速打造核电产业园区的“地方样本”。记者近日从多 方获悉,山东海阳核电园区规划正式出炉,110KV 变电站建设年内完成设 备安装,明年 2 月投入运行。这一消息进一步得到一名海阳核电站负责人 的证实。 信息显示,海阳核电工业园区总体规划成果已经提交,确定 3 平方 公里起步区率先建设,一期工程计划投资 1.8 亿元,完成 7.5 公里路网、 6 万平方米绿化等配套基础设施建设。目前,核电工业区 110KV 变电站三 层主体已封顶,明年 2 月投入运行。弱电管网、热力管道、供水管网、燃 气管网等配套工程明年 3 月将陆续随园区基础设施建设同步进行配套管道 铺设。今年,海阳核电工业区已签约引进过亿元项目 8 个,总投资 30.2 亿元,包括国家核电技术总公司、中国电力投资集团公司、中国核工业集 团总公司、中国核电建设集团公司、中国电力建设集团等 5 个央企项目。 目前,已开工项目 1 个,争取年内再开工项目 2 个,剩余项目明年春天全 面开工建设。 在核电重启大潮下,各地政府都在想方设法抓住重启机遇,欲抢先

来源:http://www.snerdi.com.cn/

占领市场。除了山东,四川、浙江等地也在加速推进核电产业园区建设。 此外,各地核电项目也在陆续复工。 山东荣成原发改委人士对记者证实,荣成石岛湾核电站 12 月中旬开 工已经确定下来。而中广核内部人士表示,“最有可能成为全新获批项目


85

的是广东陆丰核电站,该项目由中广核控股,公司高层与政府进行了深层 次的接触,前期准备工作也做得较为充分。” 来源:http://www.china-nea.cn/

新闻

成都召开防城港核电站 1 号机组 PMC 装卸料机 和转运装置厂验收会 12 月 7 日,防城港核电站 1 号机组 PMC 装卸料机和转运装置出厂验 收会在成都顺利召开。装卸料机和转运装置是 PMC 燃料操作系统中最复杂

中俄签署田湾核电二期项目 尽管在天然气供应价格方面迟迟难以取得共识,但在西线上下游和

的两个重要设备,直接用于燃料组件的吊装,是核安全相关设备。防城港 核电站 1 号机组 PMC 装卸料机和转运装置成功通过出厂验收,标志着中科

核能合作的敲定,预示了中俄能源合作领域进程在朝着更加积极的方向发

华核电技术研究院已顺利完成 PMC 系统单机组所有设备供货,是研究院承

展。昨日,中俄能源谈判代表第九次会晤在莫斯科举行。会晤中,双方同

担国产化任务以来的又一个重要里程碑式,为研究院科研成果产业化转化

意应本着上下游一体化的原则开展石油天然气领域合作,将正式签署田湾

树立了标杆。

核电站二期政府间议定书并推进空间核动力等方面的合作,并加强核电站、 空间核动力、浮动堆、快堆及核燃料等领域一揽子合作,进一步扩大煤炭、 电力贸易,加大节能和发展可再生能源的研究和应用。 按照此前中俄双方签订的协议,中俄之间将铺设两条对华供气管道。 其中一条是从俄罗斯西伯利亚东部地区向中国新疆地区输气,另一条则由 西伯利亚西部地区和萨哈林岛油气田向中国东部地区输送,也即所谓的西 线和东线。按照计划,俄罗斯 2014-2015 年将在确定天然气供应价格后开 始实现对华天然气供应,供应量为 680 亿立方米 / 年。然而,由于俄方坚 持以对欧出口价和国内市场价来确定对华供气价格,并认为我国天然气价 格被严重低估,关键性的天然气价格商议迟迟未果。 双方强调,要按照一体化、收益共享、风险共担的新思路,探索西 线天然气上、下游合作,并推动东线天然气合作取得积极进展。双方还责 成各自企业根据本次会议确定的方向和原则,具体落实和推进天然气合作

验收期间,来自集团公司、工程公司以及运营公司的领导和专家参 观了位于瑞迪机械实业有限公司的设备生产和试验现场,对 PMC 装卸料机 和转运装置的质量控制、工艺以及设备性能均给予了非常高的评价。在随 后的验收会上,与会的领导和专家充分肯定了研究院在 PMC 核燃料操作系 统研发和产业化供货领域所进行的探索和努力,认为研究院自主开发的这 套系统性能优异,设备功能满足核电站装卸料工艺要求 . 尤其是根据核电 站现场操作及维修需求进行的人性化设计改进,给后续的设备运维带来了 极大的便利。集团总工程师赵华指示,研究院在做好产品研发和设备供货 的同时,应加强国产核电设备自主知识产权品牌的打造,与运营公司、业 主公司、工程公司及国内优质供应商建立长期的合作机制、实现双赢。 中科华核电技术研究院依托“家能源核电站核级设备研发中心”研 制的 PMC 系统,其技术来源于大亚湾和岭澳核电站的工程改造,通过项目 研发团队的自主创新,大幅提升了系统性能,形成了自主知识产权,最后

项目。分析认为,当前世界能源供求格局正逐渐转变,利好我国与俄方天 然气谈判,围绕天然气价格的争议也将有望得到解决。 会晤后,双方有关部门签署了《中华人民共和国国家能源局和俄罗 斯联邦能源部关于开展能源市场态势评估合作的谅解备忘录》、《中俄煤 炭领域合作路线图》、《中俄煤炭合作工作组第一次会议纪要》、《中国

联合国内装备制造企业为核电新工程进行产业化供货,这充分实践了“国 家能源核电站核级设备研发中心” 连接运营、工程和装备制造业的纽带 作用。 来源:http://www.cnpri.com.cn/

国家电网与俄罗斯东方能源公司关于 2013 年供电量和电价的协议》四项 合作文件。

华能获建造许可证 环保部网站最近挂出的一则通知披露了上述消息。该通知全名为《关

来源:http://news.bjx.com.cn/

中核中原与比利时 Sarens 签署合作协议

于批准颁发华能山东石岛湾核电厂高温气冷堆核电站示范工程建造许可证 的通知》(下称《通知》),由国家核安全局签发,落款日期为 2012 年

11 月 28 日,中核中原公司与比利时 Sarens 公司在上海签署合作协议。 中国核建集团规划运营部副主任查小东、中核中原总经理张献豪、 副总经理熊柏林等出席签字仪式,双方进行了深入友好地交流。 会后,双方互赠礼品,表达了良好的合作愿景。 在 Sarens 公司董事局代表 Hendrik Sarens 陪同下,中核中原总经 理张献豪一行专程赴江苏启动施工现场,参观了该公司在建工程及 SGC120 型 3200t 起重机。

来源:http://www.cnicec.com/ 华能高温气冷堆做好开工建设准备

来源:东方早报


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新闻

12 月 4 日。 一业内人士昨日对早报记者称,目前已获得国家核安全局建造许可 的核反应堆还有三台,分别是田湾 3 号机组、福清 4 号机组以及阳江的 4 号机组。上述机组都将在今年开建。 早报记者昨日未能查到上述三台机组的批复许可。不过,业内人士称, 批复文件的公开一般有一定滞后性。 福岛核事故后,中国核电新批机组一度被冻结了 18 个月。久未有新

海阳核电一号机组稳压器吊装引入核岛  上午 8 时 15 分,一号机组稳压器开始翻转并拆除了翻转支架,9 时 55 分,完成稳压器起吊之前的准备工作并正式起吊;11 时 55 分,稳压 器成功吊装引入核岛,整个吊装过程历时 2 小时。 AP1000 反应堆稳压器是反应堆冷却剂系统的主要设备之一,为核安

增项目的各大核电集团对推进新项目非常迫切,上述业内人士透露,“最

全一级设备,位于反应堆厂房 11303 房间。通过波动管与主回路热段相连,

近大家跑审批都很卖力。”

每个反应堆设置一台稳压器。稳压器呈圆柱形,本体重约 100 吨,现场采

一核电业内人士称,根据中长期核电���展规划,中国敲定的核电发

用 3200 吨吊机、两台 130 吨吊机完成翻转,由 3200 吨吊机完成吊装就位。

展目标是:2020 年已运行核电机组装机容量为 5800 万千瓦,在建核电机

为保证稳压器的顺利吊装引入,山东核电组织各参建单位对吊装方

组 3000 万千瓦。 相比之前业内普遍预计的福岛核电事故后下调至 7000

案进行了反复讨论和评审,并进行了合理安排。国家核安全局在吊装前组

万千瓦的数字,5800 万千瓦好比是紧箍咒一般,如果跑得晚了,可能排

织相关专家对稳压器的吊装准备情况进行了专项检查 , 确保了整个吊装的

不上队了。

安全和质量。 来源:http://www.sdnpc.com/

来源:http://www.china-nea.cn/

沈阳橡胶中标中广核工程核电项目 近日,沈阳橡胶在中广核工程有限公司招标的广东阳江核电站 和广西防城港核电站项目中一举中标。中广核工程核电项目招标以网上报 名及现场资格审查相结合的方式进行。沈阳橡胶十分重视,市场开发部精 心准备,并以完整详实的资料、先进的技术、优秀的业绩、合理的价格战 胜其它供应商,一举中标,顺利的成为核电项目合格供应商。为开拓核电 市场、提升行业知名度,更好地服务社会奠定了基础。至截稿日,此合同 正在顺利执行中。 来源:http://www.rubbersy.com/

中电投计划在湖南省永州市拟建低于 30 万千瓦 小核电 昨日上午,湖南永州市委书记张硕辅与中电投集团公司党组成员、 副总经理余剑锋就永州小核电项目举行会谈。副市长唐能武参加会谈。 中国电力投资集团公司 ( 简称中电投集团 ) 是国内五大发电集团之 一,也是国内具有核电控股开发资质的三大集团之一,全国 500 强企业。 小核电是指单机容量低于 30 万千瓦的小型反应堆核电站,具有体积小、 安全性能强、不受地理环境限制、造价低、应用广等特点。 张硕辅代表市委、市政府对余剑锋一行来永州考察投资表示热烈欢 迎。张硕辅说,永州历史文化底蕴深厚,生态环境优良,发展前景广阔。

田湾核电站 3、4 号机组常规岛土建安装工程施 工组织设计通过专家审查 2013 年 1 月 9 日至 1 月 10 日,中国核电工程有限公司组织 14 位专 家对连云港分公司编制的“田湾核电站 3、4 号机组常规岛土建安装工程 施工组织设计”进行了审查。 专家评审会分工程管理、质量和 HSE 管理、技术管理三个组进行了 认真深入的评审。经过两天的审查讨论,与会专家一致认为:中国能建江 苏电建三公司借鉴田湾一期施工建设的经验,结合田湾 3、4 号机组的实 际情况编制的施工组织设计内容和深度能满足国家规范及合同的要求,涵 盖了田湾核电站 3、4 号机组常规岛土建安装工程的内容,施工组织设计 合理可行,评审予以通过。

来源:http://www.powneer.com/

海南核电工程 1、2 号机组全范围模拟机项目出 厂验收会顺利召开 2013 年 1 月 8 日,海南昌江核电工程 1、2 号机组全范围模拟机开 发项目出厂验收会在我公司顺利召开。HNPC 副总经理吴美景以及 CNPO 副 总经理李松柏参加了本次会议。 会议中,CNPO 对全范围模拟机项目总体情况进行了全面的介绍, HNPC 出厂验收小组对验收测试情况进行了总结。会议期间 HNPC 出厂验收 小组还在 CNPO 海南昌江模拟机大厅观看了模拟机的相关操作演示。 通过检查和测试,HNPC 出厂验收小组认为海南昌江核电 1、2# 机组 全范围模拟机满足本阶段出厂验收要求,并同意海南昌江核电 1、2# 机组

特别是随着国家级承接产业转移示范区建设的深入推进,能源必将是制约

全范围模拟机本阶段出厂。HNPC 出厂验收小组对模拟机项目团队的工作

永州发展的重要因素之一,未来永州的发展需要包括核电在内的能源支撑, 希望双方可以做一些前期的准备工作,为项目的顺利推进打下坚实的基础。 余剑锋在会谈中简要介绍了小核电的发展前景、国家政策支持和技

给予了高度肯定,鼓励各团队人员再接再厉,继续为项目的顺利完成做出

术要求等,表示公司将与永州有关部门衔接,积极开展项目的选址等前期 准备工作,力争使项目早日落户永州。

来源:http://news.bjx.com.cn/

更大的贡献。

来源:http://www.cnpotech.com/


87

比利时

  人们期望比利时核能监管机构这个月能够决定是否允许比利 时 Electrabel 电力公司重启 Doel-3 反应堆和 Tinhange-2 反应 堆,6 个月前,由于超声波读数显示反应堆容器封头有裂痕,这 两个反应堆被关闭。现在 Electrabel 电力公司的反对者和核能 行业的反对者都在大肆鼓吹该事件会造成的不良影响。上个月, 法国苏伊士集团下属的 Electrabel 公司发布消息称,他们已经 对该事件做了深入调查,并推荐重新开启这两个反应堆。然而 1 月 10 日,欧洲绿党委任的材料学家兼顾问 Ilse Tweer 发表了一 篇关于反对重启核反应堆的报告。Tweer 的报告总结道“重启这 两个反应堆是一个危险举措。我们不能排除局部热应力会加大反 应堆容器封头的裂痕,从而导致反应堆运行失常,而这可能会造 成灾难性的后果,尤其是在人口密集的经济高速发达地区,这种 影响尤为严重。”

印度

   俄 罗 斯 国 际 新 闻 通 讯 社 称, 俄 罗 斯 高 级 官 员 Nikolay Patrushev 将 要 会 见 其 印 度 同 僚。1 月 10 日, 其 向 俄 罗 斯 记 者透漏印度政府极有可能与俄罗斯合作建造第二个核电站。 Patrushev 说道:“这是印度政府第一次谈到将为建造下一个核 电站留出一笔专款。”这个新的核电站将会位于印度泰米尔纳德 邦,目前该地区已建有 Kudankulam 核电站。印度政府计划今年 在该地区建造两个俄罗斯产的反应堆,并额外建立两个 Rosatom 反应堆。由于西孟加拉州政府极其反对该项目,一个新的核电站 可能会代替俄罗斯核电站转而在印度哈里普尔建立。与此同时, 尽管印度民众强烈反对在杰塔普建立核电站,印度官员却极力向 法国政府证实他们将会与法国合作在马哈拉施特拉邦建立核电 站。1 月 10 日,印度外交部长 Minister Salman Khurshid 在巴 黎会见法国同僚时在新闻发布会中讲到:“在印度核电行业,我 们仍在就杰塔普核电站项目做出努力。印法双发都在尽最大努力 确保该项目的安全。”

日本

  东京新闻在 1 月 6 日发布的一篇文章中称,日本政府正在考 虑对来自韩国、越南及亚洲其它国家的乏燃料进行后处理。然而 韩国首尔却驳回了这一观点,首尔现在正就重新签订 2014 年美 韩双边核能合作协议与美国华盛顿进行协商,这份协议将会允许 韩国高温处理本国的乏燃料。韩国称,由于美国已经同意日本优 先处理美国的乏燃料,因此韩国也希望具备再处理本国大量乏燃 料的能力。日本的这一项提议可以看作是美韩协商的最终答案, 然而首尔不会依赖日本进行本国的乏燃料后处理。韩国 Yonhap 新闻服务机构称韩国外交部发言人提到:“韩国政府尚未考虑这 一计划。”尽管日本延迟关闭大批本国核电机组,东京政府仍然 渴望能够开展后处理项目。即便韩国政府不肯合作,这项决议依 然能够反射出日本期望向越南核电站出售反应堆的愿望。

立陶宛

  立陶宛新的左翼政府表示维萨基纳斯核电站将会采用日立 公司设计的先进沸水堆,而就在 10 月发布的民意调查显示广大 民众对该项目持有反对意见。1 月 8 日,新上任的能源部部长 Jaroslav Neverovic 发言说:“如果这是最佳、最具现代化、 最安全可行的解决方案,如果这是一个局域性计划, 维萨基纳

新闻摘要

斯核电站项目可以继续。”资深政党联盟的合作伙伴——社会民 主工党早在民意调查公布之前就对该项目进行过猛烈抨击,他认 为这根本不能解决立陶宛国内能源产品的不足问题。而立陶宛总 统 Dalia Grybauskaite 却大力支持该项目。与此同时,经济部 部长 1 月 8 日发言称将会指派新的人选管理维萨基纳斯核电站项 目。

俄罗斯

  Alstom-Atomenergomash 公司是法俄建立的生产涡轮机的合 资公司,该公司于 12 月末发言称将会在俄罗斯南部的伏尔加顿 斯克市制造印有 Arabelle 商标的反应堆用涡轮机。由于俄罗斯 的涡轮机生产能力水平低,成立于 2007 年的这家法俄合资公司 对于俄罗斯而言意义重大。合资公司的领导层称,启动该生产基 地的决议表明俄罗斯将会于 2013 年开始进行涡轮机的大批量成 产工作。早在苏维埃时期,伏尔加顿斯克市就是本国重型设备 的生产地,而至今却有 26 年闲置时间。Alstom-Atomenergomash 公司计划制造 Arabelle 牌涡轮机、1,200-1,800 MW 的发电机、 冷凝器及其它涡轮机匹配设备。报道称,第一批制造的两个涡轮 机将被用于俄罗斯加里宁格勒市的 Baltiysky 核电站。

美国

  1 月 7 日, 联 邦 法 院 判 决 美 国 核 管 理 委 员 会( 以 下 简 称 NRC)违背《美国环保法案》,原因是 NRC 未采纳民众意见同意 了安特吉能源公司可以享受当年印第安角第 3 核电站项目同样的 待遇,即不受纽约威彻斯特郡根据制定的消防安全条例的约束。 这源于 2007 年州众议院议员 Richard Brodsky 受理的一个案件, 当时案件参与人极其反对印第安角第 3 核电站项目享受免责待 遇。如今该法院作出以下裁决:NRC 要么必须解释民众反对安特 吉公司享受免责待遇的不合理之处;要么采取其它更为合理的措 施。2007 年 NRC 同意安特吉公司可以不受某些法规的制约,前 提是安特吉公司必须保证防火剂 Hemyc 有 1 个小时的耐烧能力, NRC 之所以有如此要求是因为 2005 年人们发现 Hemyc 的耐烧能 力根本不足 1 个小时。联邦法院认为 NRC 同意的免责案件将会是 一个“复杂的防火承诺”,因为如果 Hemyc 不达标,运营商可能 会选用其它有效的替代方案。

芬兰

  由芬兰两大核电运行商 TVO 电力公司和 Fortum 电力公司共 同创建的合资公司——Posiva Oy 公司去年 12 月 28 日向芬兰就 业和经济部(以下简称 MEE)提交乏燃料地质处置库的建造许可 申请。MEE 将于 2014 年年底之前收集来自民众、股东的意见及 芬兰核能监管部门的安全评估。假设 MEE 同意颁发许可证,2015 年 Posiva Oy 公司将可以在奥尔基洛托核电站建造乏燃料处置 库,并可以从 2022 年开始进行废料处理。就目前的计划看来, 该处置库的乏燃料的来源有 TVO 公司在奥尔基洛托的两个反应 堆、Fortum 公司在洛维萨的两个反应堆以及其它在奥尔基洛托在 建和准备要建的反应堆。Fennovoima Oy 公司原计划建造一个独 立的反应堆,目前关于这一计划的进展尚未明确。如果 Posiva 公司同意接受 Fennovoima 公司的乏燃料,那么 Posiva 公司还要 再申请一个许可证。然而最近有消息称 Fennovoima 公司最大的 股东有意撤资,所以该公司和该项目前途未卜。


核电词汇

88

Nuclear Glossary 核电专业词汇 English

Chinese

agitator

搅拌器

air

空气,大气

air binding air blast breaker air bleed valve air breaker air carbon arc gouging

气泡堵塞 空气吹弧路器 泄气阀 空气断路器 空气碳棒弧割

空气更新率 air change rate 空调,空气调节 air conditioning 空气导管 air conduit 空气污染 air contamination 空气污染计量仪 air contamination meter 大气污染监测器 air contamination monitor 空气冷却器 air cooler 空气冷却器 air cooler duct (electric motor) 气冷,空气散热 air cooling 气幕,空气屏蔽 air curtain 气压缸 air cylinder 空气干燥器 air dryer 风管 air duct 喷气器 air eductor 加气剂 air entrainment 空气当量 air equivalent 空气等效材料 air equivalent material 空气抽取 air exhaust 空气过滤器 air filter 气隙 air gap 气压表 air guage 气压加热器 air heater 空气软管 air hose 空气进口 air inlet 空气进口 进气口 进气箱 air intake 气闸 air lock 空气磁断路器 air magnetic breaker 气动切断机 air operated disk cutter 气动夹爪 air operated jaws 排气口 空气出口 排气孔 air outlet 气囊 air pocket 空气压力放大器 air pressure amplifier air radiation monitor (gas or air pa空气辐射监测仪 -rticulate monitors) 空气再循环风机 air recirculation fan 空气调节器 air regulator 空气抽取 air removal 换气 air renewal 空气更新率 通风率 air renewal rate 空气采样器 air sampler 空气取样装置 air sampling device 压缩空气机组 air set air set pressure test (for relief valves) 压缩空气机组压力试验 空气的比重 air specific gravity

English

Chinese

air speed air supply air supply fan air supply support air supply terminal air to push down air to push up air transport air valve air velocity air vent air washer air-breaker circuit breaker air-bubbler type level measurement air-bubbler type specific gravity mea-surement air-cooled condenser air-cooled transformer air-entraining agent(concrete) air-entraining vortex air-line assembly air-operated adj. air-operated valve air-to-air cooler air-to-close valve air-to-open on-off valve air-to-open valve air-to-water cooler air/bead mixture airborne particulate control airborne particulates aircraft crash aircraft warning lights airing circuit airtight airtight door airtightness alarm alarm annunciator alarm box alarm lamp alarm processing alarm signal alarm window alarmed alignment alignment hole alignment pin alkaline battery alkaline cleaning all volatile treatment

气流速度 鼓风 吹风 鼓风机 送风机 供气支架 供气终端 气压向下 气压向上 空气输送 空气阀 气流速度 气孔 通风口 排气口 气洗机 空气断路器 气泡式水平测量 气泡式比重测量 空气冷却冷凝器 气冷式冷凝器 空气冷却的变压器 加气剂(混凝土) 气旋 空气管线组件 气动的 风动的 气动阀 空气对空气冷却器 失气开启阀 失气关闭的开 - 关阀 失气关闭阀 空气对水冷却器 空气 / 微珠混合器 悬浮粒子控制 灰尘的 尘埃 悬浮粒子 飞机坠落 飞机警告灯 空气干燥回路 气密封 气密门 气密性 密闭度 报警(信号) 报警信号装置 报警箱 报警信号灯 警报处理 报警信号 报警光字牌 报警的 直线排列 校直 找正孔 准直孔 定位孔 直线校正杆 中心定位销 碱性蓄电池 碱液清洗 全挥发处理


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DYNATOM January 2013