YOUR ACCESS TO CHINESE NUCLEAR POW ER MARKET
Issue No.50, July, 2012
Lead Story Headline Problems found during the safety inspection of civilian nuclear power facilities
The Ninth National Mining Academic Conference & Mining Technology and Equipment Show
Study on the Impact of the Fukushima Accident on Nuclear Power Plant’s Site Selection in China
China’s nuclear industry in need of professionals
Topic of the month:
Progress in China’s third-generation nuclear technology
The 3rd International Conference on Asian Nuclear Prospects 2012
More valves are needed in nuclear power plants in China
AP1000 shield building plan discussed in Beijing 12th Five-Year nuclear safety projects worth RMB 80 billion SERC planning to allow private capital in the state power industry
Editorial team: Arnaud Lefevre-Baril Evelyn Qiao Capry Liu Elaine Li Anna Liu Contact: Beijing office: Room 1509, Gongti North Road, A6, Chaoyang District, Beijing, PRC China Phone: +861064681222 Fax: +8610-64654957 Shanghai office: Phone: +862151113281 Fax: +8621-51113280
Email us at: info@dynabondpowerte ch.com
Cameco Fuel Manufacturing: a reliable nuclear fuel partner and localization facilitator
Velan: Rooted in China and Close to Customers
Interview Cameco Fuel Manufacturing: a reliable nuclear fuel partner and localization facilitator
rication. We also own a portion of Bruce Power, a large Canadian nuclear power electricity generator. Cameco wanted to complete the vertical integration, so they bought Zircatec, the fuel fabricator. That was the reason for acquisition. So it’s 100% owned by Cameco.
My initial position with CFM was Director of operations and after a short while I also took on the Cameco Fuel role of Marketing Director. Since 2006 our comManufacturing (CFM), a subsidiary pany grew, we now have over 300 employees, just two small divisions of Cameco. In 2007 CFM of one of the world’s largest ura- split my previous roles and we put in two positions. I became the Marketing Manager because nium producers— Cameco, is a leader I know customers and markets, and we were able to hire another person to do the Operations manof pressurized heavy water reactor agement. fuel assemblies for Dynabond Powertech: What’s CFM’s presCandu reactors. ence in Chinese nuclear power industry? Having more than five decades of ex- Mr. Doug Burton: CFM is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Cameco and CFM has a long history in perience with Candu fuel technol- China. China has purchased two Canadian Candu 6 reactors for Qinshan phase 3. To supply Doug Burton, Marketing Manager of ogy, CFM is also Cameco Fuel Manufacturing fuel for reactors, countries like to have local fuel the largest Canadian-based supplier manufacturing. This is perhaps more cost effective but also provides a robust fuel supply for the of in-core components to Candu reactors. reactor. China, as part of the reactor deal, asks Dynabond Powertech had a chance to sit down Zircatec to supply a technology transfer to build with Mr. Doug Burton, Marketing Manager of the plant in China to manufacture fuel. Since Cameco Fuel Manufacturing, to talk about CFM, about 2000, we have had a relationship with the zircaloy and CFM’s cooperation with China. 202 Plant in Baotou. They have a Candu fuel Dynabond Powertech: Please tell us some of plant, and the technology they use is our technology from Canada. From the time the factory beyour background and your position in gan running, we have supplied all of the Zircaloy Cameco. metal. Zircaloy is still sold from my company to Mr. Doug Burton: I joined Cameco in 2004. Pre- the 202 Plant every year. We have done the viously I worked in 5 or 6 different companies, technology transfer back to 2000, and we still Honeywell, Timken and other large Canadian provide engineering services, products, technical based US companies. I progressed through difadvice, and the metal product for their fabrication ferent positions beginning as mechanical engiplant. neer to chief engineer. On the operations side I Dynabond Powertech: Does Baotou 202 Plant performed roles as Operations Manager and have the capability to conduct fabrication of General Manager. Cameco in 2006 purchased fuels? Zircatec. The acquisition was to more integrate vertically the fuel cycle for Cameco. Mr. Doug Burton: They have had our technolCameco is a large Canadian company. It’s a ura- ogy. We built the machines, and we did training nium miner. We also convert, mill, and refine, and and work instructions on how to run the mawith the Zircatec acquisition now there is fuel fab- chines, but they still come back to us for machine 3
parts, components or machine upgrades. We can For our product portfolio, the custom tubing provide new custom manufacturing machines. In is very traditional, and we become very good this business of fuel manufacturing there is no off at making small quantities of custom zirc tubthe shelf machine. So we do the engineering to ing. design the machine, build and commission the —Doug Burton machine as well as training and work instructions. We provide regular site visits either in China or question, because the same thing is happening in Canada for follow up. Canada as well. In China, there is a lot of localization. That is exactly the example of that I gave Dynabond Powertech: Did you meet any chalyou with the technology transfer for the fuel lenges when you first came into Chinese numanufacturing plant. With Candu reactor, the clear industry? government wants to have local fuel manufacMr. Doug Burton: No, China is like Canada. turer. They don't want to buy fuels from overseas. There is always language challenge. There is al- That makes sense. So we provide tech transfer ways logistical challenge. But these things are to assist that. I think the knowledge of nuclear in small, and we can always get past them. I always China is growing rapidly. But in North America we found that Chinese and Canadian people are have probably 60 years of experience with nuvery friendly, and once your friendship begins, clear. We’re quite advanced in our systems and the language barrier starts to disappear. We we know what requirements must be met based change the way we talk and make things simpler, on our experience and design. In China, the exnot so many words. I have probably 100 friends perience is good, but less time in the business. at 202 Plant that I can talk with. The design is good, but not based on so much practical experience as well. We have been unDynabond Powertech: Do you cooperation derbid on special machines in the past. But our with Chinese companies other than Baotou experience is the machine does not perform to 202 Plant? specification and we have been asked to help by Mr. Doug Burton: Not so much. That is what we upgrading or even building a new machine. are doing now. We want to begin expanding our engineering, design, special ability for producing Dynabond Powertech: What do you think of this localization trend? high quality in-core zircaloy related product. So basically the experience has been through 202 Mr. Doug Burton: I think initially there could be Plant, now we are trying to grow our business in some impact, a downward trend, but I see the China in different zircaloy related areas. same example as before, where we lost some business. The experiences showed that the best Dynabond Powertech: Do you think the prodecision for long term performance may not have curement system in China is different from been made and the business is coming back. Our other countries? government also likes to do things indigenously, Mr. Doug Burton: Yes and no. Mostly we do our so in Canada, if the nuclear vendor like Candu contracts through CNEIC. They do all the coordi- Energy is asking for a quotation, they are going nating of the contracting documents, and they are to world now. While in the past, the government very professional. We don’t yet do a lot of work was more focused on Canadian work. Interesting with individual companies or private companies in turn of events, because localization is occurring China, but that’s what we are looking to expand but also there is a reverse trend in Canada where in China. Canada is sourcing out to the world. Dynabond Powertech: As China is localizing Dynabond Powertech: In terms of other zirproducts, how do you cope with this situacaloy related business, what’s your strategy tion? besides Baotou 202 Plant in China? Mr. Doug Burton: You are asking an interesting 4
Mr. Doug Burton: In general, we also have on strategy to increase our business around the world, like Argentina, Romania, India and especially China which is most important to CFM. The next step in our product strategy is to manufacture simpler product, which is custom zircaloy tubes. Specially, we had two meetings with the State Nuclear Bao Ti Zirconium Industry Company (SNZ). The first was three years ago, and it was not successful. The second meeting we had maybe two weeks ago. I thought it was very productive, because we are also in a position to buy zircaloy. We also like to sell our zircaloy. So our in case, we make custom tubing, roughly 40 millimeters diameter, and smaller. But we buy 50 millimeter tubing. We are actually, I think, in a position to potentially buy some of our raw materials from SNZ, and then convert it to custom tubing which is interesting to buy something back, realizing they can make tubing as well, but that’s maybe an opportunity for us to provide some product to them. For our product portfolio, the custom tubing is very traditional, and we become very good at making small quantities of custom zirc tubing. There are very few people in the world can do that. There is another two product areas. The next one is all related HAF604 material for incore specialty components. We also have not just Cameco Fuel Manufacturing making fuel, but we also have Cameco Fuel Manufacturing making tubing, and we also have another division of Cameco Fuel Manufacturing making specialty in-core zircaloy related control system products that are in-core zircaloy related. That’s a very unique service and we have roughly 35 years of experience building these different components to top-level quality standards. That is specialty engineering, specialty manufacturing, The Chinese market is the largest growing nuclear market worldwide right now. There’s tremendous opportunity and I think there are a lot of qualified and extremely busy people working in China already. The more we can help, the better we can help our friends in China business will follow.
highest quality because you can’t have a failure in this product. And finally we have one more small division that our engineers can custom engineer manufacturing equipment like we did in the Baotou Plant to make nuclear related products. So it’s really custom machine engineering and building services. Those are the three areas. Dynabond Powertech: Looking into the future, what’s your expectation in China? How much percentage do you want to get from Chinese nuclear market? Mr. Doug Burton: The Chinese market is the largest growing nuclear market worldwide right now. There’s tremendous opportunity and I think there are a lot of qualified and extremely busy people working in China already. The more we can help, the better we can help our friends in China business will follow. Cameco is a 100% nuclear company. We are a Canadian company dedicated to supply nuclear material and nuclear services. The subsidiary CFM still has the same policies, but really different products, much more specialized products. Our role is to fill in small niches, and that’s why we see opportunity in China because we are not looking for huge expansion, hundreds of millions of dollars of business. We are a niche supplier of custom product for nuclear focused on zircaloy related components. For CFM, China represents already perhaps 10% to 15% of our revenue. We have a good customer with long relationship and we are very happy to help them. When we have a niche product like we make to penetrate in Chinese nuclear market could take some time and we are committed to providing this service. It’s difficult to predict what growth will be for us in China from the base that we already have. We definitely see some opportunities to help with the niche product that we make. —End
Velan: Rooted in China and Close to Customers As one of the world’s largest valve supplier, Velan entered Chinese nuclear industry since 1990s. How does Velan maintain its sound name and reputation? What’s Velan’s strategy towards localization in China? What are Velan’s future goals in Chinese nuclear industry? Follow Dynabond Powertech Service (hereinafter referred to as DPS) on the interview with Mr. Michel MONIER, Corporate Director and Chief Representative Nuclear China Office, Velan.
the Group is around 500 million US dollars. Velan is a family owned company. Only 28% of shares are on the stock market in Canada. It’s a medium Mr. Michel MONIER: I’m 56 years old. I’ve been size, and steady company. In 1974, our French working in nuclear industry for over 30 years and company which at that time was not named Velan but had had 2 centuries of history was taken Velan is my first job in nuclear industry. I joined Velan in 1980. In the first ten years, I’ve been in over by Velan Group. I’m belonging to the French company. We joined Velan Group in 1974 the technical background. I was the Technical Manager at Velan in France. After, I’ve been the as a part of Alstom Group. It was a joint venture to develop the French nuclear market at that Marketing Manager for another ten years. I’m now in charge of nuclear business, especially fo- time, which is exactly the same situation we are facing now in China. Chinese governcus on Chinese nuclear power ment wants to create joint ventures to business. I’m also Chief Reprecope with nuclear industry. In 1974, we sentative in Nuclear China Office. have done the same in France. To sum up, I moved from technical to marketing development, Velan-France is specialized in nuclear and now the management of applications for Europe, Asia, and South business. My first visit to China Africa. The business for USA and North was in 1996 for the Qinshan proAmerica is done directly by Canada ject. headquarter. Velan Group has equipped DPS: Could you introduce us some of your background information?
DPS: What is Velan’s presence in international nuclear power industry?
350 among around 440 power plants that are in operation in the world. We have a significant market share.
Mr. Michel MONIER: Velan Group was founded in 1950 by Mr. A.K. Velan who is 94 years old now. He started the valve business by developing some smart devices. The group has around 1,800 staff with 15 plants in the world. We focus on valve for oil & gas, energy, mining, general services, and civil nuclear application, etc. The turnover of
DPS: The demand of a nuclear power plant for valves is huge, but the number of valve suppliers is also big. How does Velan maintain the competitive edge? Mr. Michel MONIER: Velan started with nuclear business in the U.S. and in Europe. The world’s very first nuclear power plants are using Velan valves. So we have a lot of experience. This is the 7
first point. Second, we always developed the right products. Velan has been focusing on new technologies, quality, and development. We use forged bodies, which means we took the raw material and use the press to deform it into one piece. With that, we grant our valves 60 years lifetime. Many other competitors use only the cast steel. We also developed low-maintenance valves. With such valves, you donâ€™t need to care for maintenance in ten years after installation. We have brought a lot of different new things for valve and nuclear industry, some of which later became industrial standards. The third reason is qualification. 90% of our valves are used inside the nuclear building to cool the reactor, to spray water and to control the chemical of the water. We have done a great number of tests and reports to qualify such valves. Velan has more than 250 qualification reports, far more than others have. The fourth point is the feedback experience. Most of our valves have been operating for 20-30 years. We clearly know whether they are good or not according to our operational experience onsite. The fifth point is our company has the appropriate size to deal with nuclear program in China, France, USA and Europe. China planned to build 8 new plants per year before Fukushima, so you need suppliers that have enough financial capacity to buy materials and equipment. We have the right size to match the nuclear projects in China. The last point is we are very close to customer. China is a developing country for nuclear. We can help customer to improve. We provide technical support for customers. Besides, we explain to customers why our valves are good, unlike some other companies who just tell customers to buy. Also, we have a lot of experience to share with customers. DPS: When did Velan build the plant in Suzhou, Jiangsu province? Whatâ€™s your strategy on this plant? Mr. Michel MONIER: This plant was built in 2009, 8
covering 6000 square meters with around 50-60 people inside. The machine in this plant is brand new and on the top of knowledge. We have welding robots. The plant started well. But so far we are not allowed to produce nuclear equipment in this plant because of Chinese regulation—the HAF601 requests that a new plant in China shall have five years of experience before producing nuclear equipment. We are using this plant as a subcontractor to manufacture components. In the future, we will produce more valves in China. But what is the good speed to implement that in a right time is a key decision for a group. It depends on the market, booming or decreasing. In fact Velan is moving step by step, but we don’t make big announcement and then do nothing as some other big companies are doing. Maybe it’s not a good way, but it’s our way.
workshop in France, which can produce valves for 10 nuclear power plant per year. The maximum we have made for China is at least 6-8 per year. If China restarts the program with the speed as before, we can handle it easily.
Mr. Michel MONIER: One nuclear power plant needs around 20,000 valves for nuclear island and conventional island. Among all these valves, safety related valves in nuclear island are around 200. This is what we supply. We focus on hightechnical-level, high-quality and difficult equipment. We don’t compete with domestic suppliers on the low-grade valves. Velan valves are used to avoid accident or control reactor after a major accident, such as Fukushima situation. This is why we need feedback experience. For Taishan, we supply more than 5000 valves. Taishan is European design so we have benefits of being close to the European designers.
find all raw materials, equipment or subcontractors we want because the knowledge of nuclear codes and standards is not so developed. We buy most of raw materials in Europe. Another issue is that the valves we’re supplying are not in so big quantities. It’s one by one, and big size. So far, Chinese valve makers want large production because this is the way in China. In Europe, especially in France, we understand that it’s our job to make small quantity, with very specific requirements, and a lot of agreements.
DPS: Do you like doing business in China? Do you have any difficulties with Chinese people?
Mr. Michel MONIER: Doing business in China is hard and challenging, and I like it. Chinese people want to learn and they listen to you. Older you are, better it is. In Europe it’s quite the opposite. Here, being old means experience. With foreigner, Chinese people are always with respect. Once you understand their behaviors, what to do and what not to do. Chinese people are so nice. Maybe it’s difficult for you to get confidence with Chinese people, but once you get it, you have it. DPS: Besides the HAF 601, did you encounter After, it depends on person. I have no difficulty other obstacles and /or technological chalwith Chinese people, except the language. The lenges in China? way that people are doing business is a separate Mr. Michel MONIER: Technical problem not so question. It depends on where and with whom. many, except some raw materials are not availThe way of doing business with small or major able in China for our equipment. This plant is companies is completely different. For example owned by Velan. Getting “married” with a ChiChinese nuclear engineering companies are well nese company is easier to get the certificate, managed with organization, training, and good however there is a risk to “divorce”. Joint venture staff, very close to western style. Some other sometimes separate after a few years, due to smaller companies are not going so fast, and are various reasons such as different targets or difless familiar with nuclear projects. ferent management. DPS: What’s Velan’s strategy towards localDPS: What types of valves is Velan supplying ization? to Chinese nuclear market? Mr. Michel MONIER: First of all, it is not easy to
In 2009-2010, we doubled the capacity of the
But on the other hand, we have made a lot of steps towards localization. First, we have a permanent nuclear office in Beijing, a plant in Suzhou and a Chinese maintenance service
team. Second, Velan has helped Chinese customers a lot in starting new plants. Chinese customer and Velan need to cooperate because there are so many plants to start. We also try to have regular exchange with professional organizations or associations. We have cooperated a lot. It’s a way of localization and a way to support self-reliance in China. Even you don’t manufacture valves in China, we are doing a lot to bring self-reliance in China for nuclear equipment. We try to make conferences, to meet people and share experience in Chinese industry.
clear programs, but not in a speed of building 6-8 nuclear power plants every year as planned. My understanding is 4-6 maximum. In fact, the future will have new reactors, ACPR 1000, CAP1400, etc. Today, these reactors are improved reactors, not yet available in the market. We need to wait till they will be approved by Nuclear Safety Authorities. It may take 2-3 years. In between, we will continue with improved CPR 1000. As such, new units AP1000 will not resume before 2-3 years because it is a brand new design. After Fukushima, nobody will start more reactors without the results of the first of kind. They need to wait DPS: What’s Velan’s goal in China? the result of Haiyang and Sanmen till 2014. EPR Mr. Michel MONIER: In China, among 45 nuclear could restart a little earlier because two other plants total in operation and construction, we EPRs are going to be in operation in Europe. It have supplied 41, 30 of which were supplied in could have some experience in advance, but the past five years. We have to handle the com- more or less the same year. We continue to be missioning of each nuclear plant one by one. It’s what we know—CPR 1000, and focus on maintedifferent job than to negotiate a contract. We in- nance and services. After, we wait for the new tend to settle a service center in Guangdong Chinese designs. —End province, probably close to the sea, in order to offer more efficient service to Chinese customers in case of call. We want to be close to customers to develop advanced reactors because the Fukushima occurred. We are doing our best to support improved design of Chinese nuclear reactor, even the design is good today. We have to consider what we have learned from Fukushima. This is a decision of Chinese government to do that also. We make us available to Chinese engineering companies to develop the new reactor regarding our equipment. We participated a lot in third generation nuclear power plants. We have signed contracts for EPR’s in Europe and gained good feedback. Our group is participating also in AP1000. We can bring something in terms of our equipment to develop advanced Chinese nuclear reactors such as ACP 1000, ACPR 1000, CAP1400, and some others. The idea is to share experience regarding third generation to help Chinese increase the safety level. Also, we will continue to focus on new projects and to prepare localization. DPS: What’s your opinion on Chinese nuclear power industry in the coming years? Mr. Michel MONIER: If you ask about my feeling, I’m quite sure that China is going to restart nu-
Topic of the month Problems found during the safety inspection of civilian nuclear power facilities Immediately after the Fukushima nuclear accident, the State Council conducted a nationwide inspection on nuclear power facilities. Recently, the NNSA released a report on the safety inspection of civilian nuclear power facilities (hereafter referred to as “the report”), seeking public opinions on China’s nuclear safety plans. The report firstly describes the present situation of China’s civilian nuclear facilities and reveals the inspection results. It highlights the problems found during the inspection and suggests corresponding solutions. China currently has 15 nuclear power units in operation, 26 under construction, 18 critical assemblies, and 9 civilian nuclear fuel cycle facilities.
plant’s design basis flood level should be 10.01 metres. It follows that the current flood protection measures are insufficient to cope with the aforesaid extreme situations. 3. Tsunami threat to China’s nuclear power plants Tsunamis have always been considered when selecting NPP sites in China. In fact, before the Fukushima disaster, based on the seismic parameters of China’s nearby sea areas and its submarine structures, the leading opinion in the academic circle was that coastal earthquakes or tsunamis should not be a major concern for China; rather, floods threatening the coastal plants were largely caused by storm surges.
In order to draw the necessary lessons from the Fukushima accident, the government during the nationwide inspection made a revaluation of the Manila Trench and Ryukyu Trench, the most likely ones to be the source of tidal waves affecting China’s nuclear plants. Preliminary results indicate that the Manila Trench is the more probFour major problems are raised in the report as able source of seismic surges. We can safely follows: presume the biggest possible earthquake at the Manila Trench to be magnitude 8.8, which would 1. Severe accident precaution and alleviation then bring about a major tsunami that would enDaya Bay NPP and Qinshan Phase Three have danger the coastal nuclear power plants of already made and implemented guiding rules for Guangdong. In this case, the offshore tsunami severe accident management according to the wave height of sea areas of Daya Bay NPP evaluation on beyond design basis events. Qinwould be 2.7 meters at most. According to this shan NPP so far has no such rules, and Qinshan calculation, the departments concerned conPhase Two, Lingao NPP, and Tianwan NPP have ducted a preliminary check on the anti-tsunami codes only for certain severe accidents. capability of each of these plants, and came to 2. Design basis flood level of Qinshan NPP the conclusion that the increase in the maximum height of water is small and its influence was conQinshan NPP construction was started in 1983. The plant was designed to be five metres above trollable. Further analysis and opinion has been sea level with a flood bank to prevent flooding in forthcoming. extreme conditions (maximum storm tides to4. Anti-seismic requirements of high flux test regether with maximum astronomic tides). Later, actors when the NNSA was conducting a traceable High flux test reactors were built in the 1970s safety assessment, the plant elevated the bank to with low-level anti-seismic design. Despite the 9.7-9.9 metres high based on the design basis frequent anti-seismic checks and changes reflood level of 9.51 and built a wave wall on top of quired in the traceable safety assessment and the bank. Considering the reclamation of Hangregular safety inspection, the reactors have to be zhou Bay and possible changes in its bank shape reassessed according to the latest anti-seismic and water depth during the next two decades, the requirements because of the higher seismic zon11
ing intensity of this area. The safety margin may also have to be raised if necessary. â€”End
condition and good outlooks for nuclear energy, the 3rd Asian Nuclear Prospects (ANUP) conference will be held on October 16-19, 2012 at Xijiao Hotel, Beijing China.
The purpose of ANUP is to provide a world-class meeting place for information exchanges and establish the networks of Asian experts in nuclear realm. Scientists, technicians and researchers The 3rd International Conference can get together and discuss and seek to agree how we shall proceed in common problems and on Asian Nuclear Prospects 2012 challenges. The discussion will cover all the strategic and scientific fields of the nuclear energy, With the rapid increase of population and presfuel cycles and waste management scenario. sure of restrictions on carbon dioxide emission, ANUP 2012 aims to stimulate progress to nuclear energy appears bright outlook in Asian strengthen nuclear safety, improve fuel cycle region. However, nuclear energy encountered great scepticism and challenge resulting from the technologies, and enhance radioactive waste Fukushima accident last year. The safety and se- management. ANUP conference was initiated by scientists, technicians and researchers from Jacurity of nuclear energy gained more critical fopan, India, South Korea and China in 2008. After cus than ever before. successfully hosting of ANUP in Japan (2008) Thereâ€™s an old saying in Chinese - Opportunities and India (2010), the ANUP 2012 conference will hide in challenges. The past lessons can be the be held in Beijing, China. This event is hosted by engines to promote the sustainable growth of nuChina Nuclear Society, International Atomic Enclear energy. In the background of the negative ergy Agency, Atomic Energy Society of Japan,
Indian Nuclear Society and Korean Nuclear Society. And Tsinghua University is appointed to organize the conference. Contact: http://www.anup2012.org/conference.php
The Ninth National Mining Academic Conference & Mining Technology and Equipment Show
Scientific article Study on the Impact of the Fukushima Accident on Nuclear Power Plant’s Site Selection in China On March 11, 2011, a magnitude 9.0 earthquake occurred in Japan, causing a severe tsunami which led to radioactive releases at Fukushima Dacchi Unit 1. Afterwards, all 6 units at Fukushima Dacchi encountered a sequence of different malfunctions including coolant loss, reactor overheating, over high pressure, fuel exposure and melting, hydrogen explosion, and radioactive release. The direct reason for the nuclear accident was the earthquake and subsequent tsunami. The earthquake shut down the reactor and disconnected the plant from outside power supply, while the tsunami destroyed the auxiliary diesel engine and disabled reactor afterheat discharging. On April 12, Japan's Nuclear & Industrial Safety Agency rated this nuclear leakage as the highest level—level 7.
The Ninth National Mining Academic Conference & Mining Technology and Equipment Show will be held on August 24th, 2012 at Kunming, Yunan. The Ninth National Mining Academic Conference is themed at “scientific innovation and sustainable development of China’s mining industry”. The conference is jointly organized by China Nuclear Society, China Coal Society, Geological Society of China, Chinese Society for Metals, Nonferrous Metals Society of China, Chemical Industry and Engineering Society of China, Chinese Ceramic Society, China Mining Association, and China Gold Association. The conference will invite academicians, scholars, experts, technicians and mining entrepreneurs to deliver Having a narrow land, Japan is almost comspeeches and discuss future development of pletely located in within circum-Pacific seismic China’s mining industry. belt with active crustal movement. China, as a The Ninth Mining Technology and Equipment country close to Japan, also faces severe seismic Show provides a platform for people to exchange hazards. Hence, site selection is crucial to the knowledge on trends and latest achievements of safety of nuclear power plants. It’s important that China’s mining technology, research achievethe Chinese nuclear power industry analyzes the ments and production experience of new mining earthquake and subsequent tsunami and draws technologies and equipment. The show aims to lessons from the Fukushima accident. promote the sustainable development of China’s 1. Seismic factor analysis mining industry, establish a strategic guarantee system for China’s mining resources, and pioneer 1.1 Comparison of nuclear power plant distribution and seismic belts between China and Japan a new pattern for the international mining resources market. According to the World Nuclear Industry Federation, Japan has 55 units in operation distributed Contact: along its long coastline (See Figure 1). Chinese Nuclear Society Japan is located at the juncture of the Eurasian Website: www.ns.org.cn plate and the Pacific plate. Japan is particularly
prone to earthquakes - 20% of the world’s earthquakes with magnitude 6 and above occur there. According to a survey, by the end of May, 2011, the Chinese mainland has 13 units in operation and many units under construction and planned (See Figure 2). Adjacent to Japan, China also locates between the circum-Pacific seismic belt and the AlpineHimalayan seismic belt. Since 1949, China has experienced more than 100 devastative earthquakes which destroyed over 300,000 square kilometers of land. China’s seismic activity is mainly distributed in 5 zones and 23 seismic belts (See Figure 3).
sign basis event occurred when Fukushima was chosen to be a NPP site. The accident alarmed Japan and its nuclear power industry. Shizuoka’s nuclear power plants were all shut down because the probability of magnitude 8.0 and above earthquakes in the middle of Japan is over 80% during the coming 30 years. In China, regarding the seismic investigation and safety evaluation in siting a nuclear power plant, the National Nuclear Safety Administration and State Seismology Bureau jointly issued in succession the 0 version and 1 version of nuclear safety guideline—HAD101/01, which is Earthquake Problems in Relation to Nuclear Power
From the above three figures we can conclude: ○1 The nuclear units in operation in mainland China are low in number and mainly distributed in Zhejiang, Jiangsu and Guangdong, these provinces hardly cover the seismic belt, whereas in Japan, the nuclear units are large in number and distributed along its lengthy coastline. The density of nuclear units in Japan is higher than that in China. Nuclear power plants in Japan cannot avoid the seismic belt. ○2 According to China’s political plan for the development of nuclear power, new nuclear power plants will shift to the inland area gradually and most of them will be concentrated in South China, far from the seismic zone. Comparing Figure 2 and Figure 3, we find nuclear power plants in Sichuan and Chongqing are close to the southwest seismic belt and that in Hongyanhe is close the northeast seismic belt.
Plant Siting. Seismic evaluation in siting NPPs includes surface fracture, seismicity, potential perpetual ground deformations caused by earthquakes or geological phenomena, tsunamis, lake surges,
1.2 Seismic survey and evaluation of potential sites According to a survey, the designed anti-seismic standard for early NPPs in Japan was magnitude 6.5, which was raised to magnitude 7.0 later by the Japanese government. TEPCO’s documents show that the hypothesis of an earthquake test on Fukushima NPP was only magnitude 7.9 at most. Therefore, the earthquake on March 11, 2011 was a beyond design basis event (BDBE). It can be deduced from the accident’s consequences that a double plan or a special design was not taken into consideration if a beyond de-
and the design basis of ground motion parameters. In determining the design basis of a ground motion, each site needs two levels—SL-1 and SL-2. SL-1 ground motion is called safe operational ground motion, which can occur with less destructiveness; while SL-2 refers to the maximum ground motion, which is beyond the safety 14
in the circum-Pacific seismic belt. When an earthquake higher than magnitude 6.5 with an epicenIt can be seen that it is quite necessary to have ter within 50km of the seabed occurs, an overtwo levels of the design basis of ground motion. The Fukushima accident shows that the damage whelming rise or descent of the seabed occurs, of a limit event is destructive even it is less possi- thus arousing a tsunami. Therefore, Japan has suffered tsunamis many times in history. ble to happen. It is also a warning to China that strict seismic investigations and evaluations for In contrast to Japan, China has a wide continenall NPPs that are under construction, in operation tal shelf with a water depth of below 200m. Lookor in planning should be conducted. Seismic ing at the geological structure, there are few standards for Chinese NPPs should be reviewed zones of fracture in coastal areas or the oceanic and checked. trench in sea areas. Therefore, China is less vulnerable to strong earthquakes in its sea areas or In addition, the second NPP at Fukushima also vertical displacements of the earth’s crust at the concerned people because it was only 10km away from the first NPP. A disaster like an earth- seabed. Besides, thousands of small islands and quake presents a severe risk to an NPP and lim- reef flats distributed in China’s wide offshore area compose a natural shield, while the Japanese Kyushu and Ryukyu Islands, and the Philippine islands protect China against violent strikes of tsunami waves. By the time a tsunami wave arrives at the Chinese sea area, its energy has been weakened due to the wide continental shelf and the frictional drag of the seabed. According to historical records, China has only witnessed 10 seismic sea waves - once per 200 years, since 2,000 years ago. Since 1949, there have only Figure 3 been 3 seismic waves recorded in detail, and none of them were destructive. So we can conits rescue and relief work. If two NPPs are very clude that China is less susceptible to seismic close together, their respective radioactive moni- sea waves in its coastal areas and they are not toring will be influenced by the other, if one NPP destructive. releases radioactive substances this can harm the other. As China speeds up constructing new 2.2 Evaluation of flood prevention in siting coastal nuclear projects, the distance between two NPPs nuclear power plants should be taken into consideration. In the same The tsunami in March 2011 which affected Fukuway, within one NPP, the distance between difshima was over 20m high. According to Japaferent units should also be considered so as to nese Yomiuri Shimbun on March 30, no nuclear ensure high economy and safety. power plants in Japan took tsunamis above 10m into consideration when they were designed. His2 Tsunami’s factor analysis torically, tsunamis have occured frequently in Ja2.1 Comparison between Chinese and Japanese pan. A tsunami was even as high as 38m in tsunami 1896. It is unreasonable not to have taken tsunaJapan has a very short continental shelf which is mis above 10m into account. In China, Daya Bay, Qinshan and Ling’ao nuclear power plants are in mostly cut off by a submarine canyon. Japan is strict accordance with regulations and codes. For located between the West Pacific Ocean to its east, and the Sea of Japan to its west. The sea- instance, Ling’ao NPP’s jetty is 2.5km in length and 13.8m in height. Ling’ao NPP is able to resist bed of the Sea of Japan comprises mainly sea sea waves below 14m. basins and gorges with a water depth of more than 3,000 meters. Additionally, Japan is located 15
Chinese nuclear safety regulations and codes have clear requirements regarding the possible impacts of tsunamis and floods when siting coastal nuclear power plants. HAF101 (Provisions on nuclear power plant’s site selection) requires that the possibility of a tsunami or a lake surge that could impact the safety of a nuclear power plant be assessed. If possible, historical information about tsunamis and lake surges in the proposed area should be collected. The impact of the data on the plant’s site should be identified. The height, frequency and size of tsunami occurrences and lake surges should be estimated according to historical information, and comparisons of such phenomena in similar areas should be made in detail. Factors that may intensify the natural phenomena caused by topography around the plant’s location should be taken into account to determine the design basis of tsunamis or lake surges. Moreover, nuclear safety code HAD101/09 (Determination of flood design basis in siting coastal nuclear power plants) points out: a plant should be located somewhere safe from the impact of a tsunami. If a power plant has to be constructed at a place which could be affected by a tsunami, its possible impact should be analyzed conservatively and the design basis of the flood is determined according to the maximum predicted tsunami. The design of a site elevation, jetty and revetment is determined by the design basis flood (DBF). The site elevation of a nuclear power plant should not be lower than the DBF and a safety margin should be taken into account. According to current regulations and codes, there is no specific requirement for the safety margin of a nuclear power plant, instead, the safety margin is taken from the regulations for thermal power plants.
River and an extra-strong typhoon happening concurrently. This is a good example for the future construction of nuclear power plants. Local special situations should be considered.
News of the month Highlights China’s nuclear industry in need of professionals According to industrial analysts, China’s nuclear power industry needs more professionals. A representative from a foreign nuclear power company indicated that the lack of nuclear professionals, especially those proficient in English, is holding up China’s NPP expansion. According to the statistics of State Administration of Science, Technology and Industry for National Defence, China will need about 13,000 professionals with a bachelor’s degree of nuclear science in 2020. A domestic expert also indicated that the domestic nuclear industry is in need of inter-disciplinary professionals not only proficient in technical skills but also familiar with global market rules and commercial laws. Source: http://www.china-nea.cn
Progress in China’s third-generation nuclear technology
The construction of the first CAP1400 nuclear power plant- Shidao Bay NPP will start in 2013 The Fukushima accident also gives us a warning and is expected to generate power in 2017. with regards to the simultaneous occurrence of Mr. Fu Manchang, former Secretary General of two beyond design basis events, like the Magni- China Nuclear Society (CNS), disclosed that the tude 9 earthquake and super tsunami. In this re- approval of the CAP1400 plant construction by gard when deciding the height of the jetty at Qin- the National Development and Reform Commitshan Nuclear Power Plant the designers consid- tee (NDRC) suggests that the state government ered an unusually large surge of the Qiantang begins to relax NPP restart control. 16
The CAP1400 plant is an innovation based on creased capacity of NPPs in China is approxithe AP1000 technology. It will raise unit efficiency mately 2 GW and the total investment on NPPs is from 36.7% to 37.8%. about 80.6 billion RMB. The investment on equipMr. Fu considers this progress as a contribution ment was 48.1 billion in total in 2010, which was to Chinaâ€™s independent development of the third- 60% of the total investment. Valves procurement in NPPs represented 2.5 billion RMB while valves generation conventional island technology. maintenance and replacement cost 3.35 billion Source: http://www.china-nea.cn RMB.
More valves are needed in nuclear power plants in China In Market research and Investment Analysis Report of Valves in Nuclear Power Plants 20122016 disclosed that more valves would be needed since the installed capacity of NPPs in China was enlarged.
AP1000 shield building plan discussed in Beijing On June 18, the NNSA held a meeting on AP1000 shield building plan in Beijing.
During the meeting, SNERDI reported the alteraThe cost of valves is 5.2% of the total investment tion of the shield buildings of Sanmen and Haiyang NPP Unit 1 and 2, while the NNSA gave in NPPs and the maintenance cost possesses feedback on the review of the alternation applicamore than 50% of the total maintenance fees. It tion. After serious and detailed discussion, the spends 1350 million RMB on maintenance of a expert committee unanimously voted for the altenuclear power plant with two 1000 MW units in total each year. Wherein, the cost of valves main- ration plan based on the opinion that that met all tenance and replacement is nearly 50%, equal to the relevant rules and standards and would thus be feasible. 67 million RMB per year. The data in the report shows that the newly in-
12th Five-Year nuclear safety projects worth RMB 80 billion
SERC planning to allow private capital in the state power industry
The NNSA has recently released the report on the safety inspection on civilian use nuclear power facilities and the safety plan for the five-year period ending in 2015 and long-term targets for 2020, asking for public opinions on them.
The State Electricity Regulatory Commission (SERC) is drafting a regulation to allow nongovernmental funds to flow into the state power generation industry, including thermoelectricity, hydroelectricity, and nuclear power generation. It The report indicates that Chinaâ€™s nuclear facilities is also considering opening the monopolized staare basically safe. Differing from the Fukushima te grid to private capital. NPP in location, Chinaâ€™s nuclear power facilities One of the insiders disclosed that unlike power are unlikely to cause similar accidents. Neverthe- generation, the opening of the state grid is resless, the facilities are still vulnerable to such de- tricted to investment and operation. vastating accidents as the Fukushima disaster It is also revealed that this regulation is to be because of some inherent weakness. launched within this year. The report also specifies that the investment in key nuclear safety projects during the 12th FiveYear is worth RMB 79.8 billion as a method to eliminate potential safety hazards.
Source: http://www.china-nea.cn 18
Nuclear Power Institute of China (NPIC) after long-term research specified the basic elements and excellent performance of N36 zirconium alloy and defined it as the cladding material for advanJiangsu Tailong Machinery Group ced fuel assemblies. Later, NPIC and several Company Co., Ltd. breaks through the other companies jointly developed N36 tubes, and CJNF southern branch made a trial produce localization of gearboxes of N36 fuel assemblies, which were approved by Jiangsu Tailong Machinery Group Company Co., the NNSA in January this year. Ltd.successfully designed and manufactured the largenuclear gearboxes. The first 4 sets were re- The approval indicates a milestone in China’s development of advanced fuel assembly. spectively delivered to Hongyanhe NPP and Ningde NPP. The nuclear gearboxes are applied Source: http://www.china-nea.cn/ in the CRF (circulating water system) of NPPs as the criticalequipment to supply circulating cooling NPIC’s success in PAR development water to the nuclear island and the conventional The Nuclear Power Institute of China (NPIC) has island. recently won the bid for the supply of passive autocatalytic hydrogen re-combiners (PAR) to At present, all gearboxes in the operational CNNC Nuclear Power Qinshan Joint Venture NPPs, such as Qinshan NPP, Daya Bay NPP and Ling Ao NPP, were imported from the devel- Company Limited for its Phase Two Unit 1 and 2. This is another success in the company’s nuclear oped countries. An expert says that the design product development. life of the universal gear boxes is less than 10 years; however, the design life of the nuclear The PAR is a key device in NPP container. Its gear boxes is five times as many as the universal domestic market used to be monopolized by ones’, namely 40 years. Mrs. Kong Xia, Director AREVA and the 78th Research Institute of China of the technology research and development cen- Ship Building Industry Corporation. After the Futer in Tailong Group, explained that the dynamic kushima disaster, China as well as the other namodels of the gearboxes were set up by the AD- tions has updated the safety requirements for its AMS dynamic analysis software. nuclear power plants. The test standards of vibration and noise were Source: http://www.cnnc.com.cn defined in accordance with the predetermined element and the boundary element analysis; the CNNC goal: RMB 500 billion of nuclear structural parameters and the dynamic perform- investment in 2015 ance of the main parts were designed through CNNC lately has set the goal for the 12th Fivethe theory of 3-D mechanical design. Year period that its investment in nuclear plant
construction should accumulatively have reached RMB 500 billion by 2015 and bring about RMB 2,000 billion to affiliated industries. It follows that the investment should have reached RMB 8,000 A major step forward in China’s advanced fuel assembly develop- billion by 2020.CNNC would actively push forward the innovation in the 3rd generation nuclear ment power technology with 1000MW capacity and meanwhile proceed with the development of On June 14, two sets of CNNC developed N36 fuel assemblies officially received the irradiation ACP600, spent nuclear fuel, and other advanced test in Qinshan Phase two Unit 2. “This is of great technologies. significance to CNNC’s self-development of zirco- Source: http://www.china-nea.cn nium alloy”, said Mr. Li, Assistant Chief Engineer of CNNC. Source: http://www.heneng.net.cn/
Acceptance test on CNFC-3G new fuel transport container
facture and in line with the requirements specified in the contract and technical documents. Therefore the team gave permission for ex-factory acceptance of the container.
On June 9, CJNF southern branch and CNPEC jointly conducted the acceptance test on the CNFC-3G new fuel transport container developed New fuel transport containers are one of the major projects of CNNC, and Xi'an Nuclear Equipby Xi'an Nuclear Equipment Co., Ltd. ment has undertaken the development of a hunThe assessment team checked the appearance dred of them. and structure of the container and conducted a series of tests on its air tightness, unloading ope- Source: http://www.cnnc.com.cn ration, and simulated fuel assembly loading. The inspection team also inspected relevant data cerChina Nuclear plans IPO to raise tificates including the quality control plan, raw US$27b material quality certificate, and process records of the container. China National Nuclear Power, the country's biggest nuclear power developer, plans to raise moAfter all the examination, the assessment team gave the opinion that the quality of the hardware, ney to help fund projects worth US$27.3 billion raw materials, and contracted assemblies of the via what could be one of China's biggest initial CNFC-3G new fuel transport container developed public offerings. by Xi'an Nuclear Equipment Co., Ltd. is basically It did not specify its fundraising target or IPO tiunder control, and that a complete set of stanming in a statement on the Ministry of Environdard and effective data are available for manument Protectionâ€™s website, but said the IPO pro-
ceeds would go towards five projects with a total investment of 173.5 billion yuan (HK$212.2 billion). The ministry said in a statement it had approved the IPO plan, which would also need the goahead from the securities regulator. China suspended approvals of new nuclear power plants in the wake of Japan’s nuclear crisis in March last year following a devastating tsunami, and ordered nationwide safety checks on existing plants and construction sites. The government has not made any decision on when to start approving new nuclear plant projects but the State Council, China’s Cabinet, last week approved a nuclear safety plan and said its nuclear power plants met the latest international safety standards. State media have said China will probably scale down its 2020 nuclear power generation capacity target to 60-70 gigawatts compared with earlier expectations of around 80 GW. China National Nuclear was formed last year as part of a restructuring of its state-owned parent China National Nuclear Corporation (CNNC). Chinese companies in industries such as nuclear, mining and chemicals must get approval from the environmental ministry before they can submit IPO applications to the China Securities Regulatory Commission (CSRC), the securities watchdog. If all or most of the planned projects are financed by share sale proceeds, China National Nuclear’s IPO could be mammoth, potentially surpassing Agricultural Bank of China’s the Hong KongShanghai dual listing could become China’s biggest. China National Nuclear owns the bulk of the nuclear business of CNNC, one of the largest companies owned by the Chinese central government. Source: http://www.scmp.com
Indonesian companies visit Daya Bay NPP
General Manager of CNNC meets AsOn June 4, Mr. Heddy Krishyana from Batan Teksistant Secretary of U.S. Department of nologi, Mr. Sujono Hadisudapno from Prodigy Energy Energy, and Mr. Bert Ng Wee Tiong from Magna One June 12, Mr. Qian Zhimin, General Manager of CNNC, met Mr. David Sandalow, Assistant Secretary for Policy & International Affairs of the U.S. Department of Energy in Beijing. Both parties exchanged opinions on the issues of postFukushima nuclear inspection and development, AP1000 progress in China, and future cooperation on new reactors.Mr. Marty Schoenbauer, the Executive Director of the China Office of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) at the U.S. Embassy, and officials from other departments of CNNC attended the meeting.
Master Indonesia visited Daya nuclear power plant. During the visit, the guests expressed their desire for nuclear power cooperation with CGNPC to help promote clean energy in Indonesia. CGNPC, on the other hand, agreed to share its experience in staff training and clean energy with Indonesia as well as other Southeast Asian countries. Source: http://www.cgnpc.com.cn
Fast neutron reactors in China
Mr. Sergei Kiriyenko, the head of Russia's stateowned nuclear energy corporation Rosatom, revealed on June 5 that Russia and China were liCNNC GM Assistant meets mPower President kely to sign the first batch of documents concerOn June 7, Mr. Li Xiaoming, General Manager ning building fast neutron reactors in China this Assistant of CNNC, met Mr. Christopher Mowry, summer. He said that an agreement will be President of Babcock & Wilcox mPower, Inc. concluded. Source: http://www.cnnc.com.cn
Both parties mainly discussed cooperation on modular small reactors, agreeing upon further negotiation on specific issues. Mr. Robert Temple, legal counsellor of B&W mPower, and members from other departments of CNNC attended the meeting. Source: http://www.cnnc.com.cn
Map of Sino-Russian nuclear power cooperation Mr. Chen Qiufa, Director General of China Atomic Energy Authority, and Mr. Sergei Kiriyenko, the head of Russia's state-owned nuclear energy corporation Rosatom, signed a document on June 5 concerning the Sino-Russian nuclear power cooperation, which covers the fields of nuclear power, fast reactor and the nuclear fuel. The signing of the document is a significant step forward regarding strategic partnership between both parties.
Mr. Kiriyenko added the partnership between Russia and China was supposed to be a longterm strategy. He also mentioned the document of the Sino-Russian nuclear power cooperation signed on the same day, which covers not only bi-lateral NPP projects but also space nuclear power programmes. Source: http://www.china-nea.cn
Westinghouse and China JV Partner Initiate Startup of Zirconium Sponge Plant PITTSBURGH, June 8, 2012 /PRNewswire/ -Westinghouse Electric Company and its China joint-venture partner, the State Nuclear Baoti Zirconium Industry, LTD. (SNZ), commenced the startup of a new zirconium sponge plant production facility, the State Nuclear WEC Zirconium Hafnium Co., Ltd. (SNWZH), in Nantong, China (Jiangsu Province), during an official ribboncutting ceremony held at the new facility. 22
The SNWZH facility will produce nuclear-grade zirconium, a key component of the tubing process used in nuclear fuel assembly operations, for use by the shareholders of SNWZH to manufacture specialized parts for nuclear fuel assemblies in China and globally through Westinghouse. Westinghouse Chairman, and Interim President and CEO Shigenori Shiga said, "The commissioning of this China sponge plant further extends our service to the China market. In addition to building four AP1000速 power plants at Sanmen and Haiyang, Westinghouse is pleased to add to its service base the capability to manufacture nuclear-grade zirconium sponge to customers in China."
power plants in the country. Ric Perez, Westinghouse chief operating officer also commented, "We will work in close partnership with joint-venture partners to conduct operations with a focus on safety, quality and operational excellence to provide a high-quality product to our customers. This is the standard to which we operate all of our Westinghouse facilities, where being close to the customer is an integral part of our success in delivering our products and services to customers."
In addition to Messrs Shiga and Perez, other dignitaries who attended the ribbon-cutting ceremony celebrating the startup of the facility included: Norio Sasaki, president and chief executive officer, Toshiba Corporation; Yasuharu Igarashi, Startup of the Nantong plant further expands coo- president and CEO, Toshiba Power Systems peration between Westinghouse and its Chinese Company; Jun Gu, president of SNPTC; Huazhu customer, the State Nuclear Power Technology Zhang, chairman of the China Nuclear Power AsCorporation (SNPTC), which owns SNZ. Wessociation; and Weiguo Zhang, vice governor of tinghouse and its consortium partner, The Shaw Jiangsu Province of China. Group, Inc., signed a landmark agreement with Westinghouse Electric Company, a group comChina's SNPTC in 2007 to provide four AP1000 pany of Toshiba Corporation (TKY:6502), is the 23
world's pioneering nuclear energy company and is a leading supplier of nuclear plant products and technologies to utilities throughout the world. Westinghouse supplied the world's first pressurized water reactor in 1957 in Shippingport, Pa. Today, Westinghouse technology is the basis for approximately one-half of the world's operating nuclear plants. Source: http://westinghousenuclear.mediaroom.com
NPP News Pressure vessel of the No.3 reactor of Hongyanhe NPP On June 11, the pressure vessel of the No.3 reactor of Hongyanhe NPP arrived at the construction site. This is the first key project equipment that has been transported to the site. Manufactured by China First Heavy Industries (CFHI) Dalian Base, the vessel weighs 271.6 tons net. The manufacture started on Jan. 9, 2012 and lasted for 29 months. Source: http://www.cgnpc.com.cn
First NPP unit in Fujian expected to be commissioned this year On June 15, officials of Ningde NPP announced that its Unit 1 was expected to be put into operation at the end of the year. So far the NPP construction has been going smoothly. Unit 1 and 2 has been completed by 89.5%, and Unit 3 and 4 by 50.3%.
ture of the DTS system to Sanmen NPP Unit 1. During the ceremony, representatives of Sanmen NPP signed for the acceptance of the transfer package submitted by the commissioning team according to the required management process. The DTS system provides safe and reliable water supply for tube washing and system water pressure test during project construction. The standard for water desalinization for the third generation AP1000 nuclear power unit is extremely strict, one of the most rigorous in the worldâ€™s nuclear power industry. Since March 20, 2012, the commissioning team has fully adhered to these requirements and thus laid a solid foundation for the later transfer work. The transfer however has been the first of its kind in the world so far. It is also a good beginning for the following commissioning work. Source: http://www.china-nea.cn
Dome of Yangjiang NPP Unit 3 lifted On June 9, after over an hourâ€™s stressful operation, the dome of Yangjiang NPP Unit 3 was successfully put in place. Thanks to the coordinated effort of all the construction departments, each part of the project including concrete construction of safety containment, interior structure construction, etc. was finished on schedule. Source: http://www.cgnpc.com.cn
Pressure vessel of Fuqing NPP Unit 2 in place
On June 3, the pressure vessel of Fuqing NPP Unit 2 was successfully put in place after a succession of complicated procedures. It was first The project involves six 1000MW units, four of which belong to Phase one which costs RMB 52 lifted to the 20-meter platform of No.2 nuclear billion. The four are planned to be commissioned island on May 28. The successful installation was largely due to the joint effort of the construction between 2012 and 2015, one for each year. workers. Source: http://www.china-nea.cn The lifting of the pressure vessel is a prelude to First DTS transfer to Sanmen NPP Unit the entire Unit 2 project. It also provides valuable experience for later installation of the steam ge1 nerator. On June 5, 2012, a signing ceremony was held for the transfer from commissioning to manufac- Source: http://www.china-nea.cn 24
EPR Reactor Vessel Installed at China’s first EPR reactor at Taishan power plant under the best conditions initiates an important new Taishan Unit 1 Nuclear Plant The construction of the EPR nuclear plant at Taishan in China, coordinated by EDF, CGNPC1 and AREVA, has passed a key stage in its development with the lowering of the reactor pressure vessel (RPV) into the Unit 1 reactor building, after which it was installed in its final location in the reactor pit. The positioning of this very large component weighing more than 420 tons, with a diameter of 5.3 meters and 10.6 meters high - marks the culmination of numerous civil engineering and assembly projects undertaken since the metal dome was placed on top of the reactor building at the end of October 2011. This important stage was coordinated by the project manager, Taishan Nuclear Power Joint Venture Company (TNPJVC: a joint venture owned at 70% by CGNPC1 and at 30 % by EDF), with technical support provided by local AREVA teams. David Emond, Taishan Project Manager at AREVA, stated: "The installation of the vessel for the
phase in the development of the site. With the success of this key operation, we have taken a further step towards the commissioning of the most powerful nuclear reactor in China.” This operation marks the start of the installation of the nuclear steam supply system (apart from the vessel, the 4 steam generators, pressurizer, the 4 primary motorized pump units and pipework), to be undertaken in parallel with the installation of the equipment and auxiliary systems. Roger Seban, Deputy Chief Executive of TNPJVC, assigned by EDF commented: "Now that the ves-sel has been put in place, we have to move on to the work of installing all of the power station equip-ment, whilst at all times observing the quality and safety requirements. The FrancoChinese teams at Taishan are mobilized and ready to achieve this objective." Source: http://nuclearstreet.com —End
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编辑团队 Arnaud Lefevrel-Baril
联系方式 北京市朝阳区工体北 路甲6号中宇大厦1509 室 （100027） 电话：010-64681222
法国威兰： 植根中国 贴近客户
理。1996年我首次来到中囯，负责秦山核电项目 。 DPS：请您简单介绍下威兰公司在国际核电市场的
莫尼艾先生：威兰集团由A.K. Velan先生于1950年创立，他如今已是94岁高龄。威 兰最初只是开发一些智能装置。集团在全球拥有1 5个工厂，大约1800名员工。我们为油气行业、能 源行业、矿业、民用核电行业以及其他一般性行 业提供阀门。威兰集团的营业额每年大约5亿美元 。作为一家中等规模且稳定运行的家族式企业， 公司仅有28%股份在加拿大的证券市场。 1974年，威兰收购了一家拥有200年历史的法国 公司，我目前任职于此公司。公司由阿尔斯通和 威兰合资成立，旨在发展法国的核电市场。中国 目前也面临着同样的形式—— 中国政府也想在核电领域建立合资公司。1974年 作为世界上最大的阀门供应商之一，威兰自上世
纪九十年代就进入了中国的核电市场。在过去的2 0多年中，威兰是如何保持良好的名誉与声望？威 威兰的法国公司专注于欧洲、亚洲、南非的核电 业务，美国或北美的业务由加拿大总部负责。在 兰在中国的本地化策略是什么？威兰在未来的核 电行业中有何目标？请看本期代邦能源（以下简
称DPS）与威兰中国区核电首席代表莫尼艾先生的 站提供阀门。我们的市场占有率相当可观。 专访。 DPS：核电站对阀门的需求量很大，但同时我们也 DPS：请您简单介绍下自己以及在威兰的经历。
门的主体使用锻造工艺，用压片机将原材料压成 型。凭借此工艺，威兰的产品寿命可长达60年。 而其他阀门供应商使用铸钢工艺。我们也开发低 维护阀门，安装这种阀门之后十年内不需要考虑 维护问题。我们给阀门行业和核电行业带来许多 新的想法，很多甚至成为行业标准。
第三点是资格。威兰90%的阀门用在核电站安全壳 内，在事故状态下能够冷却反应堆、喷淋水、控 制水中的化学剂含量。为了能够提供这种高规格 的阀门，我们做了大量的试验和报告来检验阀门 的合格性。威兰有250多份资格报告，而其他公司 没有这么多。 第四点是经验反馈。威兰大多数阀门已经运行了 二三十年，根据现场运行经验，我们非常清楚产 品合格与否。
第五点是我们的企业规模适中，能够应付中国、 美国、法国和欧洲其他国家核电项目的需求。中 国在福岛核事故之前计划每年新建8座核电站，所 以需要供应商能有充足的资金购买材料和设备。 威兰现在的规模正好符合中国核电项目的需求。
但是我们将这个厂用作威兰法国公司的分包商。 将来，我们会为中国生产更多的阀门。当然具体 的实施时间和速度进程还有待公司慎重考虑，其 中，市场景气与否是一大关键因素。事实上，威 兰在一步一步朝着这个目标迈进，但是我们不会
解释我们的阀门具体好在哪里，而不像其他公司 只告诉客户买他们的产品。另外，我们也有很多 经验与客户一起分享。
莫尼艾先生：没有太多技术挑战，但是有些原材 料在中国买不到。这个工厂完全归威兰所有。如 果与一个中国企业“联姻”会比较容易申请HAF6
莫尼艾先生：一个核电厂需要大约20000个阀门， DPS：威兰本地化的策略是什么？ 包括核岛和常规岛。在这些阀门当中，核与核安 全相关的阀门大概是200个，这些都属于我们的供 莫尼艾先生：首先，威兰不能找到所有想要的原 应范围。威兰注重高技术含量、高质量和高难度 的阀门，我们不和本地公司竞争低水平的阀门。 可以说，威兰的阀门是用来避免核事故的发生或 者发生事故之后控制反应堆，比如福岛核事故。 这也是我们需要反馈经验的原因。对于台山项目 来说，我们提供了5000多个阀门，因为台山项目 是欧洲设计，我们与欧洲设计商们关系很近。
2009年到2010年，威兰将法国工厂的生产能力提 升了一倍，每年生产10个核电厂所需的阀门。我 们为中国提供的最多的是每年6至8个核电厂所需 的阀门。如果中国重启核电项目，发展速度与之 前预期一样，我们也能够应付自如。
DPS：您喜欢在中国做生意吗？在与中国人打交道 部分原材料都从欧洲采购。其次，我们给中国提 时您是否遇到过困难？ 供的阀门虽然数量不多，但是体积庞大。中国的 阀门公司想要进行批量生产，因为这是中国的做 莫尼艾先生：在中国做生意很难，具有挑战性。
在欧洲签订了EPR反应堆的合同并且获得了反馈， 动更多这类机组的，需要等三门和海阳项目的结 威兰集团也与西屋公司合作参与到AP1000反应堆 果，大约到2014年。EPR机组可能会提前重启，因 中。除此之外，我们也为中国自主设计的反应堆
带来很多阀门方面的想法，比如ACP1000、ACPR EPR项目马上在欧洲投入运营，所以会提前有些反 1000、CAP1000等等。我们想要帮助中国提高第 馈经验，但是也差不多在同一年。我们会继续进 三代核电技术。当然，我们也会继续签订新的合
王泽雷，周 涛，李 洋，郭淼淼，樊昱楠
业》杂志社协办的“第九届全国采矿学术会议” 将于2012年8月24日在云南昆明召开。大会主题 ：“中国采矿业科技创新与可持续发展”。
此次会议正值我国面临加快经济调整、加快科技 进步与创新、加快建设资源节约型、环境友好型 社会的艰巨任务，第九届采矿学术会议要展示200 9年以来，我国矿业科技发展的最新趋势和成就， 交流现代采矿新技术、新工艺、新设备方面的研 究成果和生产实践经验，以促进我国采矿业的可 持续发展，建立中国矿业资源战略保障体系，创 建国际矿产资源市场新格局，为此，特邀请矿业 界的院士、专家、学者、科技人员和矿山企业家 在大会做专题报告，共商我国矿业发展大计。
2011年3月11日下午，日本发生9.0级特大地震并 引起海啸。日本福岛第一核电厂1号机组发生放射 性泄漏事故，随后的几天，福岛第一核电厂的六 台核电机组发生了冷却剂丧失、堆芯过热、堆芯 压力过高、燃料裸露融化、氢气爆炸、放射性泄 漏等不同程度的事故。引起福岛核事故最直接的 因素就是特大地震与海啸，地震造成反应堆停堆 ，厂用电失效并切断外用电源，地震引发的海啸 又损毁备用柴油机，致使堆芯余热无法及时排出 而引起一系列的事故。日本原子能安全安保院4月 12日已将这次核泄漏事故等级定为最高的7级。日 本国土狭小，几乎整个国家地处环太平洋地震带
联 系 人：秦昭曼 联系电话：010-68555584 传
及其引发的海啸对中国核电的影响，吸取其有益 教训，对促使中国核电事业安全快速地发展有着 十分重要的实践意义。
根据世界核工业联合会公布的数字，目前日本共 有运行中的核电机组55个，分布于狭长的海岸线 上，分布情况如图1所示。
面积达30多万平方公里。我国的地震活动主要分 布在五个地区的23条地震带上。其地震带分布如 图3所示。
图3 我国地震带分布情况 图1 日本核电机组分布示意图 通过图2与图3的比较，以及图1和日本位于环太平 日本位于亚欧板块和太平洋板块交界处，整个国
家都地处于环太平洋地震带上，平均每年的有感 地震达1000次，世界上里氏6级及以上的地震大约 20％发生在日本，是世界上最易发生地震的国家 之一。根据调查，截止2011年5月中国大陆正在运 行中的核电机组总共有13座，还有许多建设中、 规划建设和前期工作中的核电机组，其分布范围 大致如图2所示。
①目前中国大陆正在运行中的核电机组数量较少 ，分别位于我国的浙江、江苏和广东三省，我国 在这些区域鲜有地震带分布。而日本核电机组数 量位于世界前列，散落分布于漫长的海岸线上， 分布密度远大于中国，并���各核电厂都无法完全 规避地震带。 ②随着我国核电的发展与国家的政策规划，核电 站开始向内陆发展，但可以发现建设与规划中的 核电站大多主要集中于华南各省，远离地震带的 区域。通过图2和图3比较，发现只有四川、重庆 处规划的核电站离西南地区地震带比较近，还有 辽宁红沿河离东北地区的地震带比较近。 ③我国幅员辽阔，从地震带分布图来看，以及自1 949年来历史地震成灾面积与整个国土面积相比，
经过调查发现，日本早期的核电站，其设计抗震 标准为里氏6.5级。2006年，日本修改了核电站抗 另外，此次福岛第一核电站发生事故的同时，第 震标准，将最大抗震能力提高为里氏7.0级。据东
年内日本中部发生8级以上地震的概率超过80% 的道理，同一个厂区内建设机组的数量和机组之 。
发布了核安全导则HAD101/01《核电厂厂址选择 中的地震问题》0版本和1版本（国家核安全局，1 2.1 中日海啸情况比较 994）。核电站厂址选择中的地震评价，包括对所 选厂址的地表断裂、地震活动性、与地震和地质 现象有关的潜在永久性地面变形、海啸和湖涌等 厂址特征引起的地震安全性的评价，及抗震设计 所需的设计基准地震动参数的确定。在设计基准 地震动的确定中，每一个核电站厂址要确定两个 级别——SL-1和SL-2级的设计基准地震动。
日本的大陆架短小，且发育的很不好，都被许多 海底峡谷所切割。日本岛东部濒临广阔的西太平 洋，西部是深邃的日本海。日本海海底以海盆和 峡谷地形为主，多处水深大于3000米。日本东海 岸无其他岛链阻隔，直接面对广阔的太平洋。加
之日本恰好位于环太平洋地震带上，若地震震中 SL处于海底50km以内，并高于里氏6.5级，海底出现 1级地震动是对应于比较可能发生、破坏性不大的 大范围的上升或下降则会发生海啸，海啸又没有 地震荷载条件，称为运行安全地震动；SL宽广的大陆架阻隔削弱，因此，历史上日本曾多 2级地震动是对应于极限安全要求的，称为极限安 次遭受海啸的冲击破坏。 全地震动。
可以看出，两个级别设计基准地震动是十分必要 的。此次福岛事故说明，极限事故虽然发生概率 极小，但是其造成的破坏性极大。这也是对我国 的警示，对于运行中、建设中与规划中的核电站
与日本相比，我国海区处于宽广大陆架上，水深 较浅大都在200m以内。从地质构造上看，沿海地 区很少有大断裂层和断裂带，我国海区内也很少 有海沟，所以即使我国海区发生较强的地震，一 般不会引起海底地壳大面积的垂直升降变化。而 35
据历史记载，二千年以来，我国只发生过10次地 震海啸，平均200年左右才出现一次。1949年 建国以后有详细记录的地震海啸只有3次，均没有 造成破坏性。这表明我国沿海发生地震海啸的可 能性很小，并且几乎不具有破坏性。
）来决定的。核电站厂址基准标高不应低于基准 洪水位（DBF），同时考虑一定的安全裕度。由于 目前相关的法规中对核电站厂址标高的安全裕度 没有具体规定，都是参照了火力发电厂的相关要 求并考虑海平面上升的因素后确定厂址标高。
此次日本核事故还给我们一个警示，就是两个超 设计基准事故叠加的情况，比如这次的9级地震与 超级海啸。秦山核电站根据这个启示，考虑了特
根据日本《读卖新闻》3月30日的报道日本全国所 大台风叠加特大钱塘江潮的情况下最高的海浪水 有的核电站在设计前都没有设想过10m以上的海 位，决定增加防波堤的高度。这给以后核站建设 啸来袭的状况，而此次海啸的高度超过20m。日
本历史上曾发生过多次海啸，1896年日本三陆地 震海啸甚至高达38m。根据日本地理状况，核电 站的设计不考虑10m以上的海啸是不合理的。尽 管我国沿海不可能发生大的海啸，但大亚湾、秦
山和岭澳核电的防波堤设计建设都是严格按照法 规和导则的，例如岭澳核电站的防波堤绵延2.5km AP1000依托项目屏蔽厂房整体方案专家委 ，高度为13.8m，可以抵御小于14m的海浪。 员会在京召开 对于滨海核电厂防洪评价中海啸影响，我国核安 全法规和导则中都有明确要求。核安全法规《核 电厂厂址选择规定》（HAF101）中明确规定：在 厂址安全评价中必须评价厂址所在区域是否存在
6月18日，2012年环境保护部（国家核安全局） 核安全与环境专家委员会部分委员会议暨AP1000 依托项目屏蔽厂房整体方案专家委员会在京顺利 召开。
影响核电厂安全的海啸的可能性。若存在可能性 ，则必须收集厂址所在的沿岸地区产生海啸的历 史资料，并鉴别其可靠性及其与厂址的相关性。 根据收集的资料，估算出所在区域海啸的高度、 发生频率及大小。由这些综合考虑厂址沿岸地形 等因素确定设计基准海啸。
会上，环境保护部（国家核安全局）就AP1000自 主化依托项目三门、海阳核电厂1、2号机组屏蔽 厂房结构设计变更申请文件的审评情况进行了汇 报，上海核工程研究设计院就依托项目屏蔽厂房 36
了认真、细致的讨论，认为AP1000自主化依托项 目三门、海阳核电厂1、2号机组屏蔽厂房结构设 计变更整体方案是合理可行的，满足相关法规标 准要求，审议通过了AP1000依托项目屏蔽厂房整 体方案，为屏蔽厂房下一阶段工程建设明确了方 向。
国家电监会正拟定一份有关民资进入电力行业的 相关规定，内容不仅涉及民间资本进入火电、水 电、核电和新能源等传统发电领域，还将允许民 资进入一直处于国家自然垄断的电网环节。
知情人士告诉本报记者，电网对民资的开闸，不 会像放开发电环节一样完全放开，将采取“部分 开放”的形式，即只允许民资投资和运营。
6月14日，中核集团拥有自主知识产权的两组N36 来源：http://www.cnnc.com.cn/ 特征化燃料组件正式开始进入中核核电运行管理 有限公司第二核电厂2号机组第九循环接受辐照考 验。“这对中核集团进行的锆合金自主研制工作 而言，具有里程碑式的意义，同时也标志着我国
中国核动力研究设计院经过长期研究，明确了N36 0年远景目标》（以下简称《规划》），向社会各 界征求意见和建议，截至时间为6月29日。 锆合金的基本成分和优良性能，并确定将其作为 先进燃料组件的包壳材料。随后，核动力院与西 北有色金属研究院、上海高泰稀贵金属股份有限
公司等单位共同研制出N36管棒材，进而由中核燃 保障的。由于与日本福岛核电厂所处厂址条件不 料元件有限公司南方分公司试制了N36特征化燃料 同，我国核设施发生类似福岛核事故的可能性极 组件，并于今年1月获得了国家核安全局的入堆批 低。但是，我国核设施在应对引发福岛核事故类 准。
N36特征化燃料组件的顺利入堆，是包壳材料研制 术升级和进步，进一步消除安全隐患，“十二五 的重要节点。由此，我国自主品牌先进燃料组件
研发工作迈出了实质性一步。 来源：http://www.china-nea.cn 来源：http://www.china-nea.cn/ 37
目前，我国布局核电厂建设项目已经渐行渐近。 继国务院常务会议审议并原则通过《关于全国民 用核设施综合安全检查情况的报告》和《核安全 与放射性污染防治“十二五”规划及2020年远景 目标》(以下简称《核安全规划》)后，国家环保部
非能动氢复合器作为核电厂安全壳内重要的安全 设备，其国内核电市场份额被法国AREVA公司和 中船718所垄断，日本福岛核电厂311核事故后， 世界各国对核电厂运行安全十分重视，我国也对 核电厂安全运行及相关设备提出了新的要求。
据记者了解，我国目前在建的核电机组共26台， 包括在浙江三门和山东海阳建设的4台从美国西屋 中核目标：2015年主导核电投资5000亿元 公司引进的百万千瓦级非能动压水堆型机组;在广 东台山建设的2台从法国引进的170万千瓦级压水 堆型机组(EPR);在辽宁红沿河、浙江方家山、福建 宁德和福清、广东阳江和广西防城港建设的18台 在岭澳3、4号机组基础上进一步改进的自主设计 百万千瓦级压水堆型机组;在海南昌江建设的2台以 秦山第二核电厂3、4 号机组为参考的60万千瓦级压水堆型机组。环境 保护部有关负责人表示，日本福岛核事故，我国 实施的核设施综合安全检查结果表明，我国运行 和在建核电机组基本满足我国现行核安全法规和
中核集团为“十二五”规划乃至更长时期订立新 目标：到2015年，占主导的核电站建设累计投资 将达到5000亿元，带动核电关联产业投资近2000 0亿元。到2020年，中核集团核电投资将达8000 亿元。据悉，在核电发展方面，中核集团将积极 推进百万千瓦级三代核电技术消化吸收再创新， 推动60万千瓦级三代核电ACP600、四代核电商用 快堆、模块式多用途小型反应堆、先进核燃料元 件、乏燃料后处理等技术取得突破性进展。
中核燃料元件南方分公司联合核电工程公 司验收西核新燃料运输容器项目 核动力院非能动氢复合器实现向核电厂供 货
日前，中国核动力研究设计院收到核电秦山联营 有限公司二期工程1、2号机组非能动氢复合器的 中标通知，这是核动力院二所自主研发的核电厂
3G新燃料运输容器的外观质量、制造结构进行了 现场检查，见证了气密性试验、空容器操作试验 、模拟燃料组件装载及卸载试验；同时，对容器 的质量控制计划、原材料质量证明文件、主要材 料复验报告、生产过程记录、检验试验报告、外 购外包件质量证明文件等软件资料进行了审查。
中国核能电力股份有限公司（以下简称中国核电 ）IPO又向前迈出一步。环境保护部（国家核安全 局）对该公司下属7家生产企业开展了核查工作， 经核查，没有发现该公司下属生产企业存在违反 相关法律法规的行为。
通过现场检查、试验过程见证和资料审查，验收 组认为：西核公司研制的首台CNFC3G新燃料运输容器的硬件制造质量、原材料采购 、外包外购件质量受控，产品制造过程资料完整
器是中核集团实施重点科技专项以来首个实施转 化的重大项目，西核公司承担了共100台该设备的 中国核电以《关于中国核能电力股份有限公司首 研制任务。 次公开发行并上市环境保护有关事宜的请示》（ 中国核电安发［2012］30号）向环保部申请上市 来源：http://www.cnnc.com.cn
份有限公司首次公开发行A股股票环境保护检查技 前技术上最成熟、成本最低廉的M310机型为标准 术报告》、《关于中国核能电力股份有限公司首
。 环保部按照工作程序与要求，对该公司下属7家生 中国核工���集团公司5月30日发行其2012年企业 产企业开展了核查工作。环保部称，中国核电下
为控股股东，联合中国长江三峡集团公司、中国 远洋运输（集团）总公司和航天投资控股有限公 司共同出资设立，目前共拥有全资及控股子公司1 3家，参股子公司1家。公司控股在役核电机组9台 ，装机容量649.6万千瓦；控股在建核电机组10台 ，装机容量1028万千瓦。 1735亿建5大核电项目
钱智民会见美国能源部代理副部长Sandalo w 6月12日，中核集团总经理钱智民在北京会见了美 国能源部代理副部长David Sandalow一行。双方主要就日本福岛核事故之后中美
中国核电提交的首次公开发行A股股票招股说明书 两国核安全检查及未来核能发展、中国AP1000核 申报稿显示，中国核电首次公开发行股票募集资 电工程进展及存在的问题、以及未来新堆型合作 金主要投向福建福清核电工程、秦山核电厂扩建
亿元。 来源：http://www.cnnc.com.cn 日前国务院常务会议原则通过核安全规划，核电 重启预期加强。但核电的投入较大，即便按照目
会见了美国巴威（B&W）公司高层领导、mPower Krishyana、印尼Prodigy Energy公司总监Sujono 公司总裁兼GmP公司董事长莫里（Christopher
Hadisudapno以及Magna Master Indone-
sia公司Bert Ng Wee Tiong到大亚湾核电基地参观访问。
进行进一步协商。巴威mPower公司总法律顾问Ro 准化管理发展核电的实践以及大亚湾核电基地的 bert Tem优美环境印象深刻，并希望能与中广核集团深入 ple、中核集团国际合作开发部、中核新能源公司 探讨后续在核电领域的合作方式，实质性推动印 等部门和单位的负责人和相关人员陪同参加。 尼清洁能源事业发展。中广核集团表示愿意与包 括印度尼西亚在内的东南亚国家分享经验，在核 来源：http://www.cnnc.com.cn
路线图》 6月5日，工业和信息化部副部长、国家原子能机 构主任陈求发与俄罗斯国家原子能集团公司总经
指导性文件。路线图的签署将推动双方核领域合 作迈上新台阶，并进一步丰富两国战略协作伙伴 关系的内涵。
原子能机构5日签署的“路线图”。他说道，俄罗 反应堆的关键必备材料。核燃料棒的包壳锆管是 斯与中国之间此前有单独的合同，现在这些合同
册，注册资金２.１亿元人民币，项目一期总投资 ６.８亿元人民币，主要研发、生产、销售各种核 43
项目将加速核级海绵锆技术引进、消化进程，实 现核级锆材自主化、规模化发展，为实现我国核 电中长期发展规划的目标提供有效保障。 http://www.snptc.com.cn
红沿河核电站3号反应堆压力容器运抵现场 2012年6月5日，依托项目三门1号机组除盐水制 水系统（DTS）举行了调试向生产移交的签字仪式 6月11日中午，红沿河核电站3号机组反应堆压力 容器顺利运抵现场，这是红沿河核电站3号机组反 应堆厂房首个运抵现场的重要设备。红沿河核电 站3号机组反应堆压力容器由一重集团大连基地制
，三门核电运行处按照管理程序的要求对三门项 目联合调试队所提交的移交包进行了签收，标志 着全球首台AP1000核电机组完成第一个调试向运 行移交的系统。
电机组对除盐水水质要求非常严格，指标远远高 于国内外各类电站用水标准。水质指标由常规电 站的三项指标增加到十三项，是当今世界上电站 行业中要求最严格的除盐水水质指标。自2012年3
福建宁德核电站15日对外宣布，宁德核电1号机组 陷和建安尾项，通过不懈的努力为系统向生产移 经过45天热试，热态功能试验圆满结束，有望年 交打下坚实基础。 44
除盐水制水系统DTS由调试向运行的移交完成标志着全球首堆第一个工艺系统的调试工作全部完成， 为后续调试工作的开展和移交接产起到了良好的示范作用。 来源：http://www.china-nea.cn
阳江核电站3号机组穹顶吊装成功 6月9日9：12，历经1小时16分钟的紧张作业，阳江核电站3号机组穹顶吊装成功，为阳江核电3号机 组核岛土建工程划上了圆满句号。
在阳江核电现场各施工单位的精心组织、密切协作下，阳江核电站3号机组穹顶现场拼装、土建移交 安装、安装返移交、安全壳混凝土施工、钢衬里施工、内部结构施工、环吊安装等各个重要控制点均 如期实现，确保了此次穹顶整体吊装的顺利完成。
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