Digital Design - Module 01 Semester 1, 2018 DYLAN MARKOVSKI 912887 Michael Mack - Studio 5
Reading: Zeara Polo, A. 2010. Between Ideas and Matters.
According to Zeara-Polo, the diagram does not play a representational role in the design process but provides an organisational and can have a performative quality depending on how it is deployed. Explain how Diagram is different from Signs and Symbols? (100 words Maximum)
Diagrams are used to assist in interpreting various forms, however are different to the purpose of signs and symbols. Most commonly, signs and symbols are used to represent specific objects, movements, qualities of objects (Icon) and conveyance of measurement (Index). This is comparatively different to diagrams, in which “the way it is deployed” could have a vast extent of outcomes according to Zeara-Polo. According to Zeara-Polo, a Diagrammatic Process is a design method which limits itself, but is advantageous for this, is the sole relationship between “drawings and real-space buildings”. This connection between drawings and buildings is one that is constrained to conventions and usually steers clear of the notion of various changes in conditions and “local specifities” - hence being an advantage “in a culture characterised by change”. Moreover, a diagram represents an ‘abstraction’ and is a tool “that describes relationships and prescribes performances in space” - according to Zeara-Polo. Furthermore, diagrams are reductive in its nature and defines most, if not every moment in the process, “the exact level of knowledge and determination” that can be applied to the project at hand.
Fig 2: Details of Seats
Fig 3: Roof & Seating Plan
Fig 4: Perspective
Fig 1: Boegly, Luc, and Sergio Grazia. Serpentine Summer House . June 18, 2016. London, England. In Wood Summer House 2016 / Barkow Leibinger Architekten . June 18, 2016. Accessed March 2, 2018. http://archeyes.com/barkow-leibinger-architekten/.
The images provided and collected from credible websites were used to accurately pin-point the vast extent of curves within the pavilion and trace them to create an accurate representation - the roof plan and floor plan were most helpful for this tracing process. The elevations and sections enabled the rhino model to be modelled with correct heights, widths and also slopes in accurate proportions in the 1:50 scale - this then enabled the sweep 2 and lofting process to become a smoother and quicker process. Additionally, close up photographs (such as the one above) of the pavilion helped to produce even more accurate slopes and angles as they appeared blurry on elevations, and were hidden on plans.
Reading: Hertzberger H. 2005. The in-between and The Habitable Space Between Things, from Lessons for Students in Architecture. Herzberger discusses how design should not be extreme in its functionality. Use your precedent study to explain how the pavilion allows for an appropriation of use. (100 words Maximum) According to Herman Hertzberger, he intiates the notion of the ‘designed object’ as being an instument in replacement of acting as an apparatus. From this, the author portrays the idea of designs not being over-specified in regards to its functionality for risk of reducing the various possibilities the ‘designed object’ can be used for. Spaces must be designed in a flexible manner to make them more susceptible for the general public and intiate uses of the space that were never imagined. With Barkow Leibinger’s Serpentine Summer House there three clear thresholds which have been separated by curvilinear wooden wall panels - each wraping around the seating to various extents to create, to a small extent, private space, and also more open public spaces. Additionally, with the seating arrangement - they are designed in such a way to have the possibility for a private exchange/ conversation and also seats which enable more free-speech and casual seating. Furthermore, the widths of seating also come into play with the notion of creating more private spaces and public spaces - this then provides an affordance for various seating allowances in these areas of the pavilion. The coiling nature of these timber wall panels allows a transition between each threshold in which are flowing in nature. Moreover, Leibinger has designed a small niche area within the pavilion which allows for different affordances such as confidential exchange or even for a child’s hiding place. Figure 5 below shows two of the three separate threholds. Figure 6 highlights the private niche space within the pavilion.
Figure 6 4
Barkow Leibingerâ€™s Serpentine Summer House - 2016 For the final isometric drawing, the South-East view was chosen as it captured the essence of two distinct thresholds while also highlighting the organic nature of the free-flowing ribbon like roof planes. The initial Rhino modelling process was quite simple with the creation of the three thresholds (Wooden wall panels) and seating, however modeling the coil roof structure proved to be a timely process with perfecting the angles and slopes. In regards to circulation with the Summer House, the key initiator was the pointed roof plane as it pointed to a pathway nearbythis led to it being the primary source of circulation as it drew people and directed people around the organic structure. Furthermore, the â€˜blobâ€™ nature of the roof allowed people to flow around quite smoothly and enjoy this statement piece which transforms into a new space as you turn around each corner, before being led out back to the path. Due to the Summer House being placed in a rather open spot mixed in with the environment, sunlight was a major factor in determining where people placed themselves within the pavilion. Most people tended to situate themselves in the shade and enjoy what mother nature has to offer. Therefore, from this, it strongly suggests that the flow of movement is determined by shading provided by the open roof plane. This Pavilion rotated mechanically 360 degrees offers various panoramic views of the park and, reciprocally, different views of itself when seen from the park. The construction of the roof cantilevers like tree, being a canopy over the smaller footprint defined by the undulating loops of bench wood. Additionally, the roof plane itself has gaps in it- thus providing great views above eye-level enhancing its dynamism.
Week Two Diagrams
Exposed, Organic Roof Structure - Portraying maximum Sunlight Exposure throughout the day
Widened Roof Structure - Public association
Organic ‘Blob’ Structure - flowing Circulation
Ribbon-like Roof structure - Highlighting temporality with Sunlight Exposure
Primary Circulation Initiator Heat Map indicating use of spaces due to Sun Exposure
Circulation paths and Habitable private niche space
Heat Map indicating seating use due to form of Pavilion Extents of views
Diagram encapsulates the circulation in relation to the flowing structure, and how this is affected by the ‘circulation initiator’ in being the sharp point leading from the adjacent footpath. Also highlights the private niche space. Portrays how the top roof plane is widened allowing for a more public association on the NE and NW sides.
Captures the hot spots in terms of a heat map for where the most populated spaces are during the day (9am, 12pm, 4pm) - due to the effects of sunlight and shade. Thresholds created by the sunlight effects and various spaces seperated by the c-shaped wall panels.Further highlights the affordance of seating in regards to width and depths and the dynamic inlet of sunlight provided by the tree-like roof planes. Additionally portrays the panaromic views accommodated by the c-shaped walls, seating arrangment and roof plane structure
Site Plan Association The Site Plan here is crucial to the Circulation Diagram as it highlights the pathway the â€˜Circulation Initiatorâ€™ directs to, while also showing its context in the open space. Site Plan is NTS
Process - Seating
The curve tool was used to trace the outline of the seats, with the seating plan underlayed using the Pictureframe then scaling it to the 1:50 scale.
Initially the Extrude Curve command was used to create the 3D form of the seat, but it showed some flaws with the curves not being clean.
The Sweep 2 command was then used and produced a much cleaner outcome. The seats were then capped and the extra leafs were added ontop for finer detail
Process - First & Second Roof Plane
Like the seating, the Curve tool was used to trace the outlines of the Roof with the use of the plan underneath to create an accurate representation
The loft command was then used to create the 3D form of the 1st Roof Plane. Sweep 2 wasnâ€™t needed in this case as the extrusions were straight up (no slopes or angles).
For the 2nd roof plane, initially the plan was traced using the Curve tool and then loftedHowever, this created inaccuracies with the surface and wasnâ€™t smooth.
Loft tool was still used at this time to complete the 2nd roof plane, but it was obvious that not all the surfaces were clean. However, the NW curve proved to be a success. So to angle/slope this curve, the Points on Command was used with reference of the elevation (as seen in the background)
For the other curves on the 2nd roof plane, the Sweep 2 command was used. This produced a much cleaner outcome as it was easier to pick out where the surface should exactly slope.
Then the Points on Command was used to lift up the middle section of this particular section of the roof - to create a more accurate representation.
Process - Experimentation - Textures & Shadows
Attempt at using the Cherry Wood texture with shadows. Was not used in final due to over-crowding on the page and un-balancing the composition of the overall finished product with the two diagrams
Attempt at using the Oak Wood texture with shadows. Again, was not used in final due to over-crowding on the page and un-balancing the composition of the overall finished product with the two diagrams. However, this angle did prove to be better in showing the Initiator of Circulation.
Process - Mock Renders - NTS