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Piaggio Avanti

SimsAir

GENERAL Engine Number of Engines -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 2 Engine Manufacturer ------------------------------------------------------Pratt & Whitney Canada Engine Model Number ------------------------------------------------------------------------ PT6A-66 Rated Horse Power-----------------------------------------850 SHP (de rated from 1485 SHP) Engine Type------------------------------------------------ Free Turbine, Reverse Flow, 2-Shaft Compressor Stages & Type ---------------------------- 4 Axial Stages & 1 Centrifugal Stage Turbine Stages & Type -------------------------------1 Stage Compressor & 2 Stages Power Propeller Number of Propellers ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 2 Propeller Manufacturer -------------------------------------------------------------------------Hartzell Blade Models Left------------------------------------------------------------------------------ HE 8218 Blade Models Right-----------------------------------------------------------------------------LE 8218 Number of Blades---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 5 Hub Model Left ---------------------------------------------HC-E5N-3 or HC-E5N-3A (LH / CW) Hub Model Right -------------------------------------HC-E5N-3L or HC-E5N-3AL (RH / CCW) Propeller Diameter---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 85 inches Propeller Type: • Hydraulically Operated • Single Actuating • Constant Speed • Full Feathering • Reversible Weights Typical Empty Weight-------------------------------------------------------------------------7,200 lbs Maximum Useful load ------------------------------------------------------------------------4,230 lbs. Cabin & Entry Dimensions Cabin Length--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------19.68 ft Cabin Width ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 6.07 ft Cabin Height --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 5.74 ft Cabin Door Width ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 2.0 ft Cabin Door Height -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 4.43 ft

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Piaggio Avanti

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Baggage Space & Entry Dimensions Compartment Volume-----------------------------------------------------------------------44.15 cu ft Compartment Length----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 5.57 ft Baggage Compartment Door Width ------------------------------------------------------------ 2.3 ft Baggage Compartment Door Height --------------------------------------------------------- 1.97 ft Specific Loadings Wing Loading ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 67.07 lbs/sq ft Wing Area------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 172.22 sq ft Power loading-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 6.79 lbs/hp

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Quick Reference

Piaggio Avanti

SimsAir

LIMITATIONS Fuel Limitations Total Capacity --------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 396.2 gal Usable Fuel Total ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 392.6 gal Usable per Side ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 196.3 gal Unusable Fuel Total ------------------------------------------------------------------------------3.6 gal Unusable per Side --------------------------------------------------------------------------------1.8 gal Fuel Specification ------------------- Jet A, Jet A-1, Jet B, JP4, JP8, (PW bulletin #14004), Avgas not permitted, Additive required. Approved Additives -------------(PW bulletin #14004) Phillips PFA 55 MB, MIL-I-27686D, MIL-I-27686E Max Imbalance ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 200 lbs Oil Limitations Total Capacity ---------------------------------------------------------------------3.35 gal (ea. ENG) Usable Quantity -------------------------------------------------------------------1.25 gal (ea. ENG) Oil Specifications-----------------------------------------------------------------PW bulletin #14001 Maximum Weights Maximum Ramp Weight-------------------------------------------------------------------- 11,600 lbs Maximum Takeoff Weight------------------------------------------------------------------ 11,550 lbs Maximum Landing Weight ----------------------------------------------------------------- 10,945 lbs Maximum Zero Fuel Weight ------------------------ 9,500 lbs (fwd c.g.) & 9,300 lbs (aft c.g.) Maximum Baggage Compartment Weight ------------------------------------------------ 400 lbs. Airspeeds - KIAS VA ------------------------------------------------- 199 KIAS (11,550 lbs) & 177 KIAS (7,700 lbs) VFO ------------------------------------------------- 170 KIAS (UP – MID) / 150 KIAS (MID – DN) VFE ------------------------------------------------------------------180 KIAS (MID) / 175 KIAS (DN) VLO ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 180 KIAS VLE ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 185 KIAS VLLO ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 160 KIAS VLLE ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 160 KIAS VMCA -------------------- 100 KIAS (propeller feathered) / 128 KIAS (propeller wind milling) VMO/MMO -------------------------------------------------------------------------- 260 KIAS / .67 Mach

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Airspeed Indicator Markings Red line (VMO)---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 260 KIAS Red & White Striped Pointer ----------------------------------------------------------------------- .67 Red Line (VMCA) ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 100 KIAS White Arc---------------------------------------------------------------------------------98 to 150 KIAS Blue Line ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 140 KIAS

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Piaggio Avanti

Power Plant Limitations Operating Condition (1)

Operating Limits

Torque (2) Power FT-LB MAX Setting SHP 2000 1900 1800 Observed RPM RPM RPM ITT TAKEOFF 850 2230 830 (8) MAX CONT. 850 2230 830 MAX CLIMB 806 2230 (8) MAX CRUISE 762 2230 NORM CLIMB 850 2230 820 & 806 2230 (8) NORM CRUISE 762 2230 MIN IDLE 715 (6) STARTING 1000 (4) TRANSIENT 2750 2750 2750 870 (5) (5) (5) (5) MAX 760 REVERSE

Ng% (7)

Np RPM

104.1

2000

104.1

2000

90-135

0-110

104.1

2000

90-135

0-110

51

-

60 (min)

- 40-110

-

-

104.1

2205 (9) 1900

-

Oil Oil Press Temp-C Observed -10 90-135 0-110

200 (max) - 40 (min) 40-200 (5) 90-135

0-110 0-110

1. Engine inlet condition limits for engine operation: Altitude: -1,000 to 41,000 ft. 2. Torque limit applies within a range of 1600 to 2000 propeller RPM, below 1600 RPM torque is limited to 1100 ft-lbs: SHP= (prop rpm)(torque)(.00019) 3. Normal oil pressure is 90 to 135 psig as gas generator speeds above 72% and with a normal oil temperature of 60 to 70˚C (140 to 158˚F). Oil pressure under 90 psig is undesirable. Under emergency conditions, to complete a flight, a lower oil pressure limit of 60 psig is permissible at reduced power setting of 1100 ft-lbs. torque. Oil pressure below 60 psig is unsafe and require that either effective engine be shut down or land as soon as practical using minimum power required to sustain flight. 4. This value is limited to 5 seconds. 5. This value is limited to 20 seconds. 6. Applies to speed range of 54 to 61% NG. 7. 100% gas generator speed corresponds to 37,468 rpm. 8. The temperatures shown are the maximum ITT’s permissible under certification limitations. However, lower temperatures (785˚C for takeoff maximum continuous climb and maximum cruise) will produce rated horse power (ISA) when engine is new and result in longer engine life. 9. May be used in emergency conditions to complete the flight. 10. Oil temperature above 104˚C or below 20˚C must only be tolerated in accordance with the procedure contained in Aircraft Flight Manual. Rev 1

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Piaggio Avanti

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Minimum Air Start NG -------------------------------------------------------------------------------13% Generator Limits-------------------------------------- 200 AMPS (ground) & 400 AMPS (flight) Power handling at altitude ------------- Above 30,000 ft with one engine bleed air OFF or One engine running at NG lower than 86% and the other at full power, power must be advanced slowly to 86%. Propeller Limitations Propeller RPM --------------------------------------- 2000 (T.O. & Climb) / 1800-2000 (Cruise) Stabilized Ground Ops------- Below 900 RPM prohibited (except feathered below 600)& 1300-1600 RPM prohibited. Feather Airspeed---------------------------------------------------------------------- 150 KIAS (min) Autofeather ------------------------- Must be operational and armed prior to T.O. & Landing Autofeather --------------------------------------- Disengage above 150 KIAS (recommended) Reverse ----------------------------------------------------- Condition levers must be full forward Reverse --------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1900 RPM or below Reverse ----------------------------------------------Full static power no mare than 12 seconds (Cool at idle for 20 minutes prior to repeat) Starter Limitations 30 seconds ON -------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 minute OFF 30 seconds ON -------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 minute OFF 30 seconds ON ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 30 minutes OFF Power Plant Instrument Markings Propeller Tachometer Yellow arc --------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 600-900 RPM Yellow arc ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1300-1600 RPM Green arc ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 1800-2000 RPM Red line-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------2000 RPM Gas Generator Tachometer Blue triangle -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------13% Green arc ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 54-104.1% Red line----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 104.1

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Quick Reference

Piaggio Avanti

SimsAir

Engine Torque Green arc ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 0-2230 ft-lbs Red line-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------2230 ft-lbs Red triangle -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------2750 ft-lbs Oil Pressure Red line minimum----------------------------------------------------------------------------------60 psi Yellow arc--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 60-90 psi Green arc --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------90-135 psi Oil Temperature Amber light illumination--------------------------------------------------------------------------0-20˚C Red & Amber lights not illuminated------------------------------------------------------- 20-104˚C Red light illumination ------------------------------------------------------------------------------110˚C Amber light illumination---------------------------------------------------------------------104-110˚C Inter Stage Turbine Temperature Green arc --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------200-830˚C Red line-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------830˚C Red dot --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1000˚C System Instrument Markings Cabin Altitude Differential Pressure Indicator Green arc ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 0-9.0 psi Yellow arc --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------9.0-9.7 psi Red line---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 9.7 psi Oxygen Pressure Gauge Green arc ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 250-1850 psi Yellow arc--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 0-250 psi Yellow arc ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------1850-2000 psi Hydraulic System Pressure Green arc --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------0-3050 psi Yellow arc ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------3050-3600 psi

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Piaggio Avanti

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Longitudinal Trim Indicator Green arc ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 2 NU-6 NU Weight Limits Max Ramp ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 11,600 lbs Max T.O. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 11,550 lbs Max Landing ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 10,945 lbs Max Zero Fuel (Fwd / Aft C.G.)---------------------------------------------------- 9500 / 9300 lbs Max Aft Baggage--------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 400 lbs Max Cabin Baggage-------------------------------------------------------------------------------90 lbs Max Aft Baggage Floor Loading-------------------------------------------------------11.5 lbs/sq ft Max Fwd Cabinet (if installed) ------------------------------------------------------------------34 lbs Max Pyramid Cabinet -----------------------------------------------------------------------------30 lbs Center of Gravity Limitations Weight (pounds) 11,600 8,745 8,500 7,700 6,000

Fwd Limit Aft of Datum 207.80 195.22 194.00 194.00 194.00

Rwd Limit Aft of Datum 214.00 214.00 213.00 209.80 209.80

Note: Straight line variation between points indicated. The Datum Line is located 236.22 inches forward of the rear pressure bulkhead centerline (at the intersection between the fwd pressure bulkhead and cockpit floor centerlines). Maneuver Limits Category ------------------------- Normal (no aerobatic maneuvers allowed including spins) Load Factor Limits Positive Load Factor (Flaps UP) -------------------------------------------------------------- 3.22 g Negative Load Factor (Flaps UP) ----------------------------------------------------------- -1.29 g Positive Load Factor (Flaps Down)----------------------------------------------------------- 2.00 g Flight Crew Limits Required Crew----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 (Left Seat) 22-8

For Training Purposes Only Copyright Š 2006, Donald W. Sims, All rights reserved

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Quick Reference

Piaggio Avanti

SimsAir

Maximum Operating Altitudes Enroute ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 41,000 ft Takeoff & Landing ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 10,000 ft Outside Air Temperature Limits Minimum (Sea Level) -------------------------------------------------------------------- -40˚F/-40˚C Minimum Engine Starting (Oil)--------------------------------------------------------- -40˚F/-40˚C Minimum Engine Starting (JP4,JET B) ---------------------------------------------- -65˚F/-54˚C Minimum Engine Starting (JP8, JET A, JET A1) ---------------------------------- -29˚F/-34˚C Minimum Temperature for Takeoff --------------------------------------------------- -22˚F/-30˚C Maximum Sea Level to 12,000 ft P.ALT--------------------------------------------- ISA/+35˚C Maximum Above 12,000 ft P. ALT ----------------------------------------------------- ISA/+21˚C Cabin Pressurization Limit Maximum Normal Cabin Pressure------------------------------------------------------------ 9.0 psi Maximum Cabin Pressure ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 9.7 psi Maximum Occupancy Limits Occupants (including crew)------------------------------------------ 11 persons(1 pilot, 10 pax) Battery Limitations Minimum Engine Start ----------------------------------------------------- 23 VDC / 120˚F or less Maximum T.O. Temperature -------------------------------------------------------------------- 150˚F Flap System Limitations Flaps Required for T.O. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- MID T.O. with Non-Symmetrical Flaps -------------------------------------------------- Not Authorized T.O. with FLAP SYNCH Light Illuminated --------------------------------------- Not Authorized Maximum Operating Altitude ---------------------------------------------------------------- 20,000 ft Hydraulic Pump Limitations Continuous Operations ---------------------------------------- One Engine Running (minimum) Single Engine Taxi--------------------------------- HYD Pump ON & Nose Steering Engaged

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Tire Limitations Maximum Tire Speed ------------------------------------------------------------------------- 154 KTS Main Tire Pressure ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 105 psi Nose Tire Pressures ------------------------------------------------------------------------------64 psi Operation On Unpaved Runways…….Not Demonstrated Icing Condition Limitations Landing in Icing Conditions---------------------------------------------------------------- Flaps MID Minimum Temperature for Operation of De-Ice Boots --------------------------------- -40˚C Single Engine Operations------------------------- Above 14,000 ft, not more than 5 minutes Noise Level FAR 36 (App F/G) Maximum Noise Level --------------------------------------------------------------- 76.0/81.9 db(A) Kinds Of Operations Equipment List (KOEL) All equipment installed on this aircraft (required or not) must be operational unless the operator uses an approved minimum equipment list.

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P-180 PTG - Section 22 - Quick Reference