ENG 358 ( Introduction to English Grammar and Linguistics ) Entire Course
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ENG 358 ( Introduction to English Grammar and Linguistics ) Entire Course ENG 358 Full Course ENG 358 Week 1 Topic 1 Discussion Question 1 Does the English language continue to develop? How can you tell? Give at least two examples. ENG 358 Week 1 Topic 1 Discussion Question 2 What computer technology do you think has had the biggest impact on the English language? Why? ENG 358 Week 1 Benchmark Assignment – Etymological Research Essay Details: Choose a word you use often. Make sure the word has some history (at least a few hundred years). After you have your chosen word, find the word’s root and history by going to the Oxford English Dictionary. Summarize the word’s history and root language(s). Write an essay of 750-1,000 words describing the history and developmental changes of the word, including its beginnings in the English language and how it has changed in usage, prevalence, and context over time. Then, answer this question: In chapter 1 of Changing English by Graddol et al. (2007), Joan Swann explains that some accounts of change in the English language differ in terms of their approach. She explains that one of her sources, Tom McArthur, emphasized “the diversity of different ‘Englishes’, in terms of their linguistic characteristics and the social political contexts in which they are used” (p. 6). By contrast, another of Swann’s sources, Randolph Quirk, approached the study of English from the assumption that the language is “relatively fixed, something unified and discrete, playing down the diversity highlighted by McArthur” (p. 6). Thus, we have two paradigms: the paradigm of diversity or the paradigm of stability. How do your representation of your chosen word’s history and the entry you find in the Oxford English Dictionaryreflect one of these two paradigms? Or do your history and the Oxford English Dictionary‘s entry fall somewhere in between? Explain your reasoning. This assignment is designed to get you familiar with the history of a single word. By studying a word’s history, you will gain greater insight into the flexibility of language and the importance of meaningful reading and writing. Prepare this assignment according to the MLA guidelines found in the MLA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. Be sure to cite your sources, check grammar and spelling, and write the assignment in essay format (including an introduction, several body paragraphs, and a conclusion). This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion. You are required to submit this assignment to Turnitin. Refer to the directions in the Student Success Center.
ENG 358 Week 2 Topic 2 Discussion Question 1 Which affects the English language more, race, class, age, or gender? Justify your responses using examples and citations ENG 358 Week 2 Topic 2 Discussion Question 2 What has been your experience with regard to the differences between the way women and men communicate? Does it change depending on the situation? Give examples to justify your answer. ENG 358 Week 2 Assignment Race, Class, Gender, and Dialect Details: Write an evaluative essay of 750-1,000 words on the role of race, class, gender, and dialect and the effects they have on the English language. Discuss your personal view on how the English language evolves. State a clear thesis for this portion of the assignment and use argumentative skills to provide logical evidence for your point of view. Prepare this assignment according to the MLA guidelines found in the MLA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. This assignment uses a grading rubric. Instructors will be using the rubric to grade the assignment; therefore, students should review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the assignment criteria and expectations for successful completion of the assignment. You are required to submit this assignment to Turnitin. Refer to the directions in the Student Success Center.
ENG 358 Week 3 Topic 3 Discussion Question 1 Do you speak differently at work than you do at home? Why or why not? If so, what are the differences? ENG 358 Week 3 Topic 3 Discussion Question 2 What is sociolinguistics? How does it differ from etymology? ENG 358 Week 3 Assignment Collaborative Learning Community Data-Driven Research Paper Outline
Details: This is a CLC assignment. Your instructor will assign you to a group, and each group will study the primary research that has been done in relation to a spoken language. This type of research observes the actual occurrence of a linguistic phenomenon, and involves collecting samples of spoken language and describing important characteristics of those samples. Each group will be responsible for constructing an outline that details the description of the project. Include the names of all participants of the group on all documents created and submitted for this assignment. Formulate a research question about uses of language. Characteristics of a good research question include the following: It must be answerable by observation. 2. It must be interesting to the researcher or researchers, or answer an important question in the discipline. 3. It must be sufficiently limited, so that researchers can design observation and collection methods to gather data in a reasonable length of time and write up the results in the allotted space. While MLA format is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and in-text citations and references should be presented using MLA documentation guidelines, which can be found in the MLA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. ENG 358 Week 4 Topic 4 Discussion Question 1 What kinds of creative writing are you involved with through work, school, or your personal life? ENG 358 Week 4 Topic 4 Discussion Question 2
Why do you think so many people use the term politically correct in a pejorative way when the real impetus of the term is to help people be more culturally sensitive and inclusive? ENG 358 Week 4 Personal Essay on Literature
Details: Write a brief personal essay of 500-1,000 words on your favorite literary example from the traditional English canon. In essay form, answer the following questions with clarity and precision: What is your favorite literary piece in the English canon? 2. Why is it your favorite? 3. What, specifically, do you think this piece adds to the canon? 4. How might this piece have been limited by the canon? Prepare this assignment according to the MLA guidelines found in the MLA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. This assignment uses a grading rubric. Instructors will be using the rubric to grade the assignment; therefore, students should review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the assignment criteria and expectations for successful completion of the assignment. You are required to submit this assignment to Turnitin. Refer to the directions in the Student Success Center. ENG 358 Week 5 Topic 5 Discussion Question 1 Max Points: 5.0 Identify reasons why understanding sentence slots and patterns has a practical application for students other than in a grammar class. ENG 358 Week 5 Topic 5 Discussion Question 2 Compare the verb system of a foreign language you have studied to the English verb system. What similarities or differences can you identify? ENG 358 Week 5 Benchmark Assignment – Sentence Patterns and Verb Expansion Details: Prepare this assignment according to the instructions in “Sentence Patterns and Verb Expansion.” This resource is not a worksheet; prepare your responses in a separate document. Part I Directions: In a separate word document, retype the sentence and draw vertical lines to identify the slot boundaries in the following sentences; label each slot with its form and function. In parentheses at the end of the sentence, identify its sentence pattern. Please line up the slot boundaries, the forms, and the functions neatly and carefully. Example: My wife 5) Noun Phrase1 Subject
/ created predV transV :Function
a picture book
for our new baby /
on her computer.
prep ph dir obj
prep ph adverbial
Disgruntled tourists stormed the service counter during the seven-hour delay.
My cat usually sleeps in her heated bed on cold winter afternoons.
After years of hard work, Jenny and Mathew became expert scholars.
The clerk me an informational pamphlet and a worksheet.
(Pattern :Form adverbial
The softball accident left my ankle bruised and sore.
In my opinion, the election results were a mixed bag.
The coat is on the hook in the doorway.
My rich uncle left my cousin a family heirloom.
The butter tastes bad because of its age.
The citizens of the 13 colonies made freedom their motivating principle.
The new curriculum is, by all standards, complicated and challenging.
The football coach broke down the next play into two separate strategies.
The cat is under the couch.
The magician in Las Vegas slipped and fell on the stage. Part II Directions: Identify the components of the main verb in each of the following sentences. Your answers will be in the form of verb strings. Example: Jennifer was having a difficult day. past + be + -ing + have
I have usually understood every principle.
Peanuts were falling on the floor.
Drake has been counting his blessings.
I confused one answer with another.
The potato chips crunched in my mouth.
William and Kate could be the next king and queen.
My little brother may be getting a new place to live.
The dog certainly looks happy in the new back yard.
I should have eaten one hour before my workout.
They will probably be having their new baby in April. Part III Directions: In parentheses, identify the pattern of the basic sentence underlying each of the following transformed sentences. On the line beneath the sentence, identify the structural shift in focus that the sentence has undergone: passive voice, there transformation, or cleft sentence. Example: The students have been given their locker assignments. (5) passive voice
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The shopping mall in our city was demolished last May. What brings us to the farmerâ€™s market is the abundance of fresh, ripe fruit. Thirty witnesses at the bank were interviewed about the robbery.
4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.
There’s no front yard as neglected as mine. It was my dog’s barking that woke us up at dawn. It was Jan’s cousin who left the gift. What Georgette made her grandson for Easter was a blanket. There are certainly lots of cars in the parking lot after lunch. The candy at that store is usually sold at a discount. There were several of my favorite programs on television last night. ENG 358 Week 6 Topic 6 Discussion Question 1 What aspect of this Topic has the greatest impact on you and your writing? ENG 358 Week 6 Topic 6 Discussion Question 2 How could you help a nonnative speaker correctly use the forms who and whom? ENG 358 Week 6 Benchmark Assignment – Transforming and Expanding the Sentence, Nominals, Adverbials, and Adjectivals Details: Prepare this assignment according to the instructions in “Transforming and Expanding the Sentence, Nominals, Adverbials, and Adjectivals.” This resource is not a worksheet; prepare your responses in a separate document. Part I Directions: In a separate Word document, identify the adverbials in the following sentences. Your three choices are: adverbials that begin with prepositions (prep-adv), adverbials that begin with infinitive verbs (inf-adv), and nominal clauses that begin with infinitive verbs (nom-inf). Remember: Some prepositional phrases will function as adjectivals, and they should not be labeled in this exercise. See the “Prepositional Phrases” section of Lecture 6 for details. Example: Jack’s business partner went to the hardware store to purchase supplies. Prep-adv inf-adv
After the halftime show, disappointed fans began to leave the stadium.
When my wife and I go shopping at the mall, we often want to visit the furniture store.
On Easter morning, the children woke up excited to attend Chapel.
On our recent ski trip to Colorado, we passed through the city of Denver to get to the town of Vail.
According to my English professor, one of the most important characteristics of good writing is the development of ideas.
When the banking crisis hit in 2008, many analysts feared the country would sink into another Great Depression.
Employers say that they are most interested in graduates who have had internships, according to a recent study on National Public Radio.
He passed away before his time.
Never in my life have I been so humiliated.
Many people use social media regularly, but some wish to disconnect for a little while each day to relax.
Part II Directions: In a separate Word document, identify each of the underlined elements according to both its form and its function. Form refers to word categories (noun, verb, preposition, etc.), names of phrases (prepositional phrase, noun phrase, gerund phrase, etc.), and clauses. Function refers to the specific role the word or word group plays in the sentence: subject, direct object, indirect object, adverbial, etc. Example: I find that eating fruit is a good alternative to eating candy. Form: nominal clause Function: direct object 1.
My two kittens love napping.
Napping gives them abundant energy.
Climbing is their main pastime.
What they do while I am at work is no small mystery.
Stacy is planning to read for exams all summer.
To read all summer long takes patience.
Stacy is planning to read all her materials during the summer.
Her uncle thinks that being a teacher would be intellectually stimulating.
Students occasionally visit their teachers during office hours.
Students occasionally visit their teachers during office hours.
Students usually find office visits helpful.
Students usually find office visits helpful.
Most teachers believe student success is exciting.
Most teachers believe student success is exciting.
Beth’s cousin from Idaho ate with us last evening.
She wondered if she would see the rest of the family.
1. 2. 3. 1.
Hurrying leads to mistakes. Hurrying causes mistakes. Graveyards give many people the creeps. The man explained that he had been robbed. ENG 358 Week 7 Topic 7 Discussion Question 1 What is wrong with the following sentence, and how would you correct it? “The hamburgers at McDonald’s are better than Burger King.” ENG 358 Week 7 Topic 7 Discussion Question 2 Explain the importance of the comma in the following sentence: “The man sat eating, a gun in his hand.”
ENG 358 Week 7 Benchmark Assignment – Sentence Modifiers and Coordinators, Words, and Word Classes Details: Prepare this assignment according to the instructions in “Sentence Modifiers and Coordinators, Words, and Word Classes.” This resource is not a worksheet; prepare your responses in a separate document. Part I: Sentence Modifiers Directions: In a separate document, revise the following sentences that contain either dangling or misplaced modifiers. Note: There will be more than one way to fix these sentences. 1.
Hurrying out the door, the door latch ripped a hole in my jacket.
The curtains are pretty bright in the baby’s room.
After taking some medicine, my stomach settled down. Part II: Sentence Modifiers Directions: In a separate document, identify each underlined phrase as a participial, appositive, or absolute modifying phrase.
1. 2. 3.
Between the sharp, loud crashing of cymbals, he pounded the bass drum, its deep thud resonating through the stadium. The guitarist followed the beat, strumming the chords rhythmically. A means to an end that will help you develop ideas for your paper, this classroom activity is both fun and productive.
A slender animal with long legs, the cheetah is built for speed.
Charging forward, the bass guitarist hit a series of quick, low notes.
Legs wobbling, I struggled to stand up as the physical therapist rushed over to help.
My wife watched from her chair, offering love and encouragement.
Most universities require two courses in first-year composition, English I and English II.
He grabbed my hands to steady me, both of us shuffling toward the treadmill.
1. 2. 3.
The students reading the highest number of pages during the break received a free book as an award. Part III: Sentence Coordinators Answer Key Directions: Using conjunctions and appropriate punctuation, fix sentences that have grammatical problems (such as run-on sentences or problems with parallel structure) and combine shorter sentences to make them longer. Some options for conjunctions are “and,” “but,” “or,” “if,” “until.” Some types of punctuation are , : ; —.
He saw the accident, it happened very quickly. They wanted to renovate their home, it had old paint and worn carpet. All of my favorite foods have high levels of salt, sugar and fat, I have a difficult time cooking healthier versions. 4. They enjoy running a four-mile circuit. They usually run in the mornings before work. 5. He usually exercises in the morning. She prefers to go to the gym at night. 6. I did not know what to plan for my students next. I read through their drafts to make some decisions about tomorrow’s in-class activities. 7. Our textbook is engaging, informative, and you can read it quickly. 8. Today I will grade several papers, develop a new assignment, and be gathering material for my latest research. 9. I pulled an all-nighter working on my term paper. The next day, I needed some coffee to stay awake. 10. Tom and Morgan usually eat dinner together. They don’t eat dinner together when one of them has to work late.
The Utah Jazz are a basketball team with a great history. They have had trouble winning a championship. I got a thank you note from a student she said she learned a great deal from the assignments we did. Part IV: Identifying form classes Directions: Identify the class of every word in the following sentences. Place your labels below the words: noun (n), verb (vb), adjective (adj), adverb (adv), determiner (det), auxiliary (aux), qualifier (qual), preposition (prep), conjunction (conj), expletive (exp), particle (part), pronoun (pro). Remember: Some words can serve as members of different classes, depending on how they are used.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.
Scholarships can help a student, but they may not cover the full cost of a degree. We waited until they arrived. If time is of the essence, is it not rather important? Smart phones have made texting a standard form of communication. Do not answer the questions until I start the timer. We are cold in this weather, but we will not be cold forever.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.
My parents did not arrive on the plane; they drove here from their hotel. Experience shows us that we must always reflect on our teaching. A number of students show up to class and expect us to provide an informative lesson. Give me a dime, and I will give you ten pennies. If you have two fives, I can give you a ten. He always allows children to express their creativity in his classes. He can be so hilarious that he can have his audience in stitches. Everyday people are usually courteous. When my brother looks up that book, we hope we can purchase it online. ENG 358 Week 8 Topic 8 Discussion Question 1 What are the dangers associated with the use of rhetoric? What are some benefits of the use of rhetoric? Justify your responses using examples and citations. ENG 358 Week 8 Topic 8 Discussion Question 2 Is it harder to see the rhetoric in religious or political dialogue? Why? ENG 358 Week 8 Benchmark Assignment Rhetoric, Rhetorical Grammar, and Punctuation Details: Prepare this assignment according to the instructions in â€œRhetoric, Rhetorical Grammar, and Punctuation.â€? This resource is not a worksheet; prepare your responses in a separate document. Part I: Parts of Sentence Directions: Using knowledge learned in the previous lessons, please identify the forms and functions for each sentence. Example: My roommates/ fixed / NP1 predV :Form Subject transV :Function
spaghetti and garlic bread NP2
/ for dinner
/ on Friday. prep ph
After his long recovery from an injury, the pitcher threw a perfect game.
We named our two cats Rita and Harvey.
The prominent researcher gave her assistant a quick tutorial.
prep ph adverbial
Before her final exam, Jill became nervous.
The business major made the library his main retreat for studying.
Morgan bought me a red Corvette for my birthday.
The executive committee named him salesperson of the year.
The important study prompted changes in health care for the elderly.
The teacher had always given back assignments promptly.
Has your clean laundry been folded yet? Part II: Punctuation Directions: In a separate document, use commas, colons, and dashes to revise and/or combine the following sentences.
12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19.
The expenses to the investors including unforeseen repairs to infrastructure were almost enough to drive them away from the market. In our culture most people see crickets as noisy pests in other cultures people see them as a food source. A steady increase in the use of electronic devices such as smart phones laptop computers and tablets has led to a steady stream of profits especially for manufacturers. Experts in education argue that these technologies which are now common in the classroom have a significant impact on the way students learn. My favorite snacks almonds and bananas are good but also healthy. Most students and teachers probably do not know that first-year composition courses which are an almost universal requirement in higher education were first introduced at Harvard in the late 19th century. Health care experts recommend a combination of preventative care strategies diet exercise and reduced stress to avoid costly medical procedures later in life. Marcus Tullius Cicero a famous Roman orator became interested in public speaking at an early age. As a young man partly because of his elite education in Rome he became involved in politics through the Roman court system. He became known for speaking out against the violence that Roman dictators such as Julius Caesar supported. As an enemy of Mark Antony who was a member of the Second Triumvirate, Cicero was named an enemy of the state. The result was his death. ENG 358 Week 8 Assignment Collaborative Learning Community: Data-Driven Research Paper Details: This is a CLC assignment. Using the outline your group constructed in Topic 3, and utilizing the data your group gathered and recorded, analyze the data and summarize the results in writing. The result of this project should be a paper of 1,200-1,800 words that details some primary research that you have done on spoken language. Include the names of all participants of the group on all documents created and submitted for this assignment. Prepare this assignment according to the MLA guidelines found in the MLA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. This assignment uses a grading rubric. Instructors will be using the rubric to grade the assignment; therefore, students should review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the assignment criteria and expectations for successful completion of the assignment. You are required to submit this assignment to Turnitin. Refer to the directions in the Student Success Center.