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THE REGIONAL CONTEXT OF LIFELONG LEARNING & The case of Viet Nam

Project Towards a Lifelong Learning Agenda in Southeast Asian Countries

High-level Workshop, Lao PDR, 09 August 2017


THE REGIONAL CONTEXT OF LIFELONG LEARNING

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ASEAN: One Vision, One Identity, One Community

10 nations

190 mil ďƒ

400 mil

2012

2020

middle class

4.43 sq.km2 (3%)

6% average growth (2011-2016)

2573 US Bil 625 mil.(pop) (8,5%)

(2015)

combined GDP 3


ASEAN Vast disparities and development divide between member countries (2015 figures)

56,287 USD / 1,105 USD

97.2%/ 79%

252 mil / 0.4 mil

100%/ 21.4%

1.8/48.9

82/ 04

(per 1000 live births)

Internet subscribers /100)

Diversity also extends to language, culture, religion and politics ASEAN Statistic Leaflet 2015


Challenges: Social exclusion and disparities

DISPARITIES AMONG ASEAN COUNTRIES

In general average growth rate of ASEAN is 5.5%6% in 2011-2017, but the income gap between ASEAN 6 and CLMV is widening DISPARITIES WITHIN COUNTRIES

Chidren from the 20% wealthiest households having much higher primary net attendance rate while rates among the poorest quintile are much lower Reaching the Unreached in Education in Asia-Pacific to Meet the EFA Goals by 2015: A Commitment to Action, UNESCO,2010.

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Polarisation within a country

PHOTO: http://tamnhin.net/toan-cau-hoa-chenh-lech-giau-ngheo-2664.html

Aggravating Inequalities. We find for example, that some new jobs growth could be in sectors that are prone to be informal and vulnerable, women will gain less from new jobs than men, and the demand for high skill workers will increase faster, potentially creating wage inequality between skilled and unskilled workers..� Sukti Dasgupta, Senior Economist at the ILO, 2014


Lifelong learning to tackle the issues Lifelong learning has been a trend in ASEAN in the past decade: • ASEAN Charter 2007 • 15th ASEAN Summit in 2009 • The 1st SEAMEO Strategic Dialogue of Minister of Education (SDEM) (Lao PDR 2014) identified 7 priority areas of SEAMEO Education 2015-2035: Priority 2 Addressing Barriers to Inclusion

But what exactly do we mean by… LIFELONG LEARNING?


Diverse Lifelong learning focuses

Literacy and basic skills

Income generation and job skills

Quality workforce development


Diverse Lifelong learning focuses LLL Objectives in Thailand 1. The target groups are to obtain basic and necessary knowledge and skills which can be used as a tool for enhancing their occupations ‌ 2. The target groups are to have the ability to learn and develop themselves so that they can be regarded as quality citizens‌ 3. People in each community are to obtain knowledge that relates to their society, environment, economy, politics and technology (Sumalee, 2013)

LLL Objectives in Singapore Lifelong learning is the means to an end, and that end is to add value. The ability to add value will bring about better employability and better income for workers. Deputy Prime Minister Teo Chee Hean, 2010)


Diverse Lifelong learning focuses

At one end:

At the other end:

Technical skills, mindset, attitudes People management, problem analysis, communication skills for Lifelong Employability

Basic education Literacy Skills development and vocational training Income generation skills Entrepreneurship Community development Culture, recreation and sports Civics and practical knowledge


A REGIONAL PROJECT BY SEAMEO CELLL WITH SUPPORT FROM UIL

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THE CASE OF VIETNAM

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Viet Nam: Background 92.7 mil LLL from 1945 to 2000: illiteracy eradication 1945: less than 10% was literate FORMAL EDUCATION: Full time, mainstream education in the educational system leading to national qualifications NON-FORMAL EDUCATION: Part-time education (supplementary/distantlearning/fee-paying) outside mainstream leading or not leading to national qualifications INFORMAL EDUCATION Not yet recognised 13


HIGHER EDUCATION (BACHELOR, MASTER, DOCTORATE) (3+2+3)

SECONDARY (3)

SECONDARY TVET(3) LOWER SECONDARY (4) PRIMARY (5)

CONTINUING EDUCATION

Education System (simplified)

KINDERGARTEN (3) NURSERY 14


Law and legislation • Education Law 2005, amended 2009 • National Project on BLS 2005-2010 (5/2005) • National Project on BLS 2012-2020 (1/2013) • Party’s Resolution on Fundamental and Comprehensive Renovation of Education (11/2013)

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System of LLL providers UNIVERSITIES

Inservice Depts

Distance -learning Depts

PROVINCIAL GOV/ DOET

ICT Centres

Provincial Continuing Education Centres

Foreign Language

Centres

District Gov/ DOETs Vocational Centres

Charity training institutions

Other institutions

District CECs

Commune People’s Committees

Thematic Clubs

Commune Cultural houses

Commune Libraries

Commune Post Offices

Community Learning Centres (CLCs

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National Project on Building a Learning Society STRATEGIC INTENT

Improve the quality of human resources; and Build a learning society OBJECTIVES

Illiteracy eradication and education generalisatio n

1

4

Life skills enhancement

ICT and foreign language mastery enhancement

2

Professional skills enhancement for working people

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National National Project Project onon BuildingaaLearning Learning Society Building Society

SUB PROJECTS

(1) Illiteracy Eradication to 2020; (2) Developing Distance Training Systems 2015-2020; (3)Promoting LLL activities in libraries, museums, culture house and clubs; (4)Promoting media coverage of BLS; (5)Promoting LLL for workers in enterprises; (6)Promoting LLL in families, clans, and communities to 2020. 18


NATIONAL STEERING COMMITTEE

DEPUTY MINISTER AS CHAIR

Party Representative

Deputy Ministers/ Ministers: MOET (Standing Vice Chair) MOLISA (Vice Chair) Ministry of Science &Technology Ministry of Environmental & Natural Resources Ministry of Home Affairs Ministry of Health Ministry of Finance Ministry of Information & Communication Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism

President/Vice Presidents of Mass Organisations: Vietnam Learning Promotion Association (Vice-Chair) Vietnam Fatherland’s Front HCM Communist Youth Union Vietnam Women’s Union General Confederation of Trade Union Elderly People’s Association Former Teachers’ Association Farmers’ Association

REPRESENTA TIVES FROM MASS MEDIA AGENCIES: People’s Daily Newspaper Voice of Vietnam (VOV) Vietnam Television (VTV)

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National Project on Building a Learning Society Budget 16 million dollars, mainly for:

Promoting awareness-raising on goals, significance, roles and benefits of building a learning society; Providing learning materials to continuing education institutions; Providing capacity building for managing and teaching staffs of continuing education institutions; and Promoting international cooperation in BLS State budget is to cover 40% of 16 million USD and the rest is shared by local government, international organisations, enterprises, individuals and communities 20


Achievements 2013-2015 OBJECTIVE 1: Illiteracy Eradication and educational generalisation Adult Literacy Rate Age group 15-60: 97.3% Age group 15-35: 98.5% Newly-illiterated continue their learning: 83.9% 100% provinces/cities have met standard for right-age primary education generalisation; 100% provinces/cities have met standard for lowersecondary education generalisation.


Achievements 2013-2015 OBJECTIVE 2: Foreign language and ICT competences enhancement for government officials and public servants: Participation rate in ICT enhancement programmes reached 81.2% Government officials and public servants who reach Foreign Language Proficiency Levels 2 and 3: 31.2% and 9.9% respectively Rate of workers whose foreign language and ICT competencies meet basic job requirements reached 43.7% 25/62 provinces and cities have met the objectives of the Project as of December 2015.


Achievements 2013-2015 OBJECTIVE 3: Professional Skills Enhancement 94.4% government officials at district level were trained to meet required standards 89% government officials at ward/village level meet professional standards Since 2013, there have been 50.6 million participations in activities organised by CECs, CLCs and other LLL institutions 70.9% workers in industrial and export processing zones have a highschool educational background; the rate of trained workers is now at 70.6%


Achievements 2013-2015 OBJECTIVE 4: Promoting Life Skills Education 72.6% pupils and students were engaged in life-skills education through curriculum subjects 25% pupils and students were engaged in life-skills courses


Conclusion It is important that any modern education system be shaped in a lifelong learning framework A legal framework for lifelong learning is a must if any change/progress is desired Lifelong learning is not only for non formal education, but a cross-cutting concept for the whole education sector and beyond Promoting lifelong learning needs collaborative effort from all ministries/sectors Implementation needs a structure responsible for the process and monitoring & evaluation


Thank You

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