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Reunions 2016 Always a Devilishly Good Time. If your class year ends in a 1 or 6, start planning now for your Duke Reunion: April Go to for more information.

15-17, 2016.

It never gets old Five views of a fifth title p.20

The chapel’s many roles p.24

A student works for justice p.36

“Duke opens doors to opportunities and challenges us to expand our minds and to pursue lifelong learning,” said trustee and former Duke Alumni Association (DAA) president Jeff Howard ’76 and his wife, Carson Dowd Howard ’76. As alumni and Duke parents, the couple continues to be inspired by the energy of intelligent and motivated learners at Duke. That’s why the Howards made a gift of stock to fund a charitable remainder unitrust to benefit DAA, Sarah P. Duke Gardens, and a student scholarship fund. “Our family is pleased



to provide future students with similar opportunities to be challenged, grow, and contribute to their communities.” YOUR INSPIRATION IS JUST THE STARTING POINT. No matter what inspires you to give back, our expert team can help you honor the memories, people, and places that matter to you. Smart charitable planning—at any giving level—may enable you to do more than you thought possible while propelling Duke forward. Contact us today to unleash your inner philanthropist.

OFFICE OF GIFT PLANNING (919) 681-0464 |

Autumn is a great time for alumni of all ages, as well as students, to engage, connect, and celebrate on campus. This year’s Homecoming weekend includes the Duke vs. Boston College football game, the Class of 2015 First Year Reunion, affinity group gatherings, and more!

DAA Volunteers: Don’t miss our Volunteer Leadership Conference on Friday, October 2


SUMMER 2015 | VOL. 101 | NO. 2





Rediscovering philosophy’s lost women, a call for unity, Romney visits

F E AT U R E S :





Five views of a fifth national championship Megan Mendenhall


Personal Space

By Robert J. Bliwise Dissecting and debating the multiple layers of Duke Chapel

30 A Feather in His Cap


By Karl Leif Bates How Duke neurobiologist Erich Jarvis helped to lead a four-year effort to redraw the avian family tree

DAA activities and connections





A little-known room with a view



The Legal Burden


Note Worthy

By Elizabeth Van Brocklin A law student struggles to free a man and to find her place in the justice system

By Andrew Clark These alumni composers make beautiful music

DEVIL’S OWN Summer melodies

Composer George Lam p.44 Yunghi Kim

COVER: Welcome home celebration at Cameron Indoor Stadium for the men’s basketball players after they won their fifth national championship. Photograph by Chris Hildreth

FULLFRAME Election day: A student takes part in a “performative interaction” in Stacey L. Kirby’s piece “Power of the Ballot,” which is part of a Nasher Museum exhibition. Visitors are asked to consider, “What obstacles do you overcome to vote?” before they cast a write-in ballot. Photo by J Caldwell for DocumentDuke360




Chris Hildreth

ur story on Duke Chapel explores its enduring and occasionally shifting significance. It’s an iconic building, but icons can get wobbly, so it’s ready for some bolstering. It’s now set for a yearlong restoration. The chapel’s grand space has nurtured grand music; during the restoration, the music will carry on, in temporary settings. Back in 1935, the chapel dedication ceremony began with a Bach organ interlude. Such an interlude would be familiar to Rodney Wynkoop, director of chapel music since 1989. He’s also conductor of the Duke Chapel Choir. That choir is best known for its performance, every December, of Handel’s Messiah, which most recently was broadcast on radio and audio live-streamed in countries on five continents. Next year, the Messiah moves to Page Auditorium. “One of my singers just completed his 120th Messiah with the chapel choir—forty straight years of doing it,” Wynkoop notes. “And most of the orchestra is the same people year after year. They’ve done it for ten, fifteen, twenty years with us.” Around the choice of music for Sunday services, Wynkoop endeavors to harmonize, thematically, with the selected readings and the preacher. And in programming concerts, “I’m trying to make every component of the music come alive in that space. I prefer to do pieces that are connected to our community in some way, pieces that tell a story.” Given Duke Chapel’s acoustical properties, with all those reverberations, telling the story crisply has its challenges. “There are occasional places in a musical work where something is really loud. It stops suddenly, and then something very soft is supposed to happen. Well, you can’t do that in the chapel without the echo covering the soft thing that follows. What you have to do is slightly slow down the approach to the last loud note,” so that the soft sound can, in effect, do its thing. A more recently arrived music-maker, Kit Jacobson, joined the chapel this past year as organist. Jacobson, a competitive runner, had earned a certain renown for performing all of Bach’s works for the organ—257, by his count—in two-day marathons. The chapel is home to three of the finest organs in the world. Each, In tune: Aeolian organ in Duke Chapel Jacobson says, is identified with a particular musical period: the Aeolian, the first to enter the chapel, is best suited to late nineteenth- and early twentiethcentury music; the Flentrop, whose installation inspired the sealing-up of porous, soundabsorbing chapel walls, to the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries; and the Brombaugh, to the seventeenth century and earlier. “It’s kind of like having a Ferrari, a Porsche, and a Maserati in your garage all at the same time,” he likes to say. The whole chapel effect—musical, spiritual, and aesthetic—“harks back to the great cathedrals of England,” Jacobson observes. “That’s not insignificant. It harnesses things that came before us, things that are bigger than any one of us.” —Robert J. Bliwise, editor


DUKE MAGAZINE SUMMER 2015 | Vol. 101 | No. 2 EDITOR: Robert J. Bliwise A.M. ’88 MANAGING EDITOR: Adrienne Johnson Martin CLAY FELKER MAGAZINE FELLOW: Elizabeth Van Brocklin ’11 STAFF ASSISTANT: Delecia Hatcher PUBLISHER: Sterly L. Wilder ’83, associate vice president, Alumni Affairs INTERNS: Ryan Hoerger ’16, Tim Lerow ’15, Madeline Taylor ’18 SPECIAL SECTIONS EDITOR: Louise Flynn DESIGN CONSULTANT: Lacey Chylack, phase5creative, inc. PRINTER: Progress Printing OFFICERS, DUKE ALUMNI ASSOCIATION: N. Shepard Moyle ’84, president, Sterly L. Wilder ’83, secretary-treasurer EDITORIAL ADVISORY BOARD: Lesley Jane Seymour ’78, chair, Peter Applebome ’71, Sarah Ball ’08, James Cannon Boyce ’87, Sarah Hardesty Bray ’72, James Burnett ’98, Jerrold K. Footlick, Robbyn Footlick ’85, Devin Gordon ’98, Kerry E. Hannon ’82, John Harwood ’78, Mangesh Hattikudur ’01, Sara Lipka ’01, Valerie A. May ’77, Michael Moore ’08, Will Pearson ’01, Steven Petrow ’78, Shaun Raviv ’01, Dan Riley ’08, Jim Rosenfield ’81, Jon Scher ’84, John Seigenthaler ’78, Elizabeth Spiers ’99, Fiona Spruill ’99, Greg Veis ’03, James O. Wilson ’74, Robert J. Bliwise A.M. ’88, secretary, Clay Felker ’51, founding chair DUKE MAGAZINE Box 90572, Durham, N.C. 27708 PHONE: (919) 684-5114 FAX: (919) 681-1659 E-MAIL: ADDRESS CHANGES: Alumni Records, Box 90581, Durham, N.C. 27708 or • © 2015 Duke University, Published five times a year by the Duke Alumni Association 4


Scott Peppel ’10 Evanston, Illinois Reflecting on rankings The real question is why does Duke participate in these arbitrary rating entities [“A Numerical Storm”]? I am most familiar with U.S. News & World Report ratings of hospitals. In 2013, the Healthcare Association of New York State (HANYS) graded the graders, evaluating ten entities with criteria for data procurement. With the award of three stars being the best, U.S. News was given a half star, which meant the magazine met one criterion, partially met a few, or did not meet any of the criteria. What would happen if a consortium of universities simply refused to participate and provide data that can be manipulated? Would applicants to Duke dry up? Doubtful. The problem is getting caught up in the hype, which is really below the dignity of a fine institution like Duke University. Jack H.T. Chang ’65, M.D. ’69 Englewood, Colorado Autism advances Dr. Dawson is starting in the right direction [“A Spectrum of Possibilities”]—where I did twenty years ago after reading the book Son Rise by Barry Kauffman. Join the children where they are at. Help them to see the joy of socialization by helping them bridge the gap they don’t quite understand. So much can be done, it’s a shame to make it all about the child’s behavior and not the lack of adult understanding. Rose Walker McDonough, Georgia Next-door neighbors Thank you for writing this excellent piece [“A Better Neighbor”]. I’ve always believed that the heart of Duke lies in

the people who are often most overlooked and are behind the scenes in their jobs. And these are the very same people who represent Duke’s name in the neighborhoods where they live. While it’s awesome we have a prominent and well-respected guy like Coach K representing the Duke name, there are at least a hundred more working for more than twenty years who are leaders in their communities and who see and treat Duke students as their own kids. I’m grateful for these people who have shaped and influenced my life during my time at Duke, and I hope that this university I once called home will forever realize the value of these people.

Dennis George ’12 Morrisville, North Carolina

Some of Durham’s wealthiest and most influential people lived in the areas south of East Campus, including Ben and Sarah P. Duke, who lived in Section 26, shown in brown on your map, the block bounded by West Chapel Hill Street, South Duke Street, Jackson Street, and Willard Street. Their home was called Four Acres, but it was better known in Durham as Ben Duke’s mansion. They continued to hold the property after they bought their home on Fifth Avenue in New York and used it for their trips back to Durham. About 1948, it was given to Duke University. John Sprunt Hill, George Watts Carr, James Stagg, and others lived in the area, just a short distance south and off your map.

and I agree with certainty, that, laughing all the way, she had no sense of shame about the reprimands she received. My father’s oldest brother was her husband, Wade Brady. They had no children.    I am attaching a copy of an old image of Odessa. There is no date on the photograph, but the back identifies it as “Odessa Massey,” so I believe that it predates her 1935 marriage.  Thanks for the charming insight into her spirited life! R. Daniel Brady Raleigh

Betty Sue Harward Safley ’49 Lenoir, North Carolina Audacious aunt I read with great delight, a few tears, and lots of smiles the article about my wonderful Aunt Odessa [“Pages from a spirited life”]. We all knew her as quite a spirited character as a married lady with a quick wit and a twinkling eye, but nobody had any idea of her popularity as a Duke co-ed. You concluded,

Courtesy R. Daniel Brady

Teenage chimps A great article [“My Simian, My Self ”]— an amazing journey that still has many chapters, and a question that spans many species. I hope Chi-chi’s reintroduction to the wild has been smooth.




Eggheads Regarding the article “High cholesterol may endanger the young” [The Quad], I found the picture of three eggs curious. The implication that eating eggs is bad for your health is a myth. The Mayo Clinic stated recently that, although chicken eggs are high in

cholesterol, eating them has minimal effect on blood cholesterol. I believe cooking oils are a big problem in causing heart disease.  Fredrick W. Knight ’76 Shreveport, Louisiana

UPDATE Our March-April 2011 story (“Esse Quam Videri”) told the story of Coach Al Buehler’s enduring influence. Back then, though eighty and officially retired as director of track and field, Buehler was still teaching his “History & Issues of American Sports” class, which drew the likes of Grant Hill ’94 and Shane Battier ’01, and inspired Starting at the Finish Line: The Coach Buehler Story, a documentary and book project directed and produced by Amy Unell ’03. Buehler’s accomplishments were plentiful. As the head track and field coach for forty-five years, he led Blue Devil squads to six ACC championships. He was a champion in other ways, too: The year Title IX was enacted, he gave up all of his men’s track scholarships so that Duke could offer athletic scholarships to women. In May, after sixty years, Buehler retired from his role as professor. He ended his tenure at Duke as the oldest active instructor in the school’s history.

Athlete exploitation President Brodhead’s remarks [“Getting college sports right”] would be prescient if they were written in the 1970s, but by now the barn is very empty. College sports, much as I’ve loved watching Duke basketball since an undergrad when Art Heyman ’63 and Jeff Mullins ’64 were the reigning heroes, is out of control. The ACC is a money machine, no longer a regional conference. The playing season has grown from twenty-some games to well over thirty-some, with much greater travel demands, not because athletes need these changes so much as sports departments crave the money.  What does it mean when Duke’s (great) basketball coach reportedly earns almost $10 million and Peter Gelb, general manager of the Metropolitan Opera, earns $1.4 million? How much does the best-paid professor earn? Why would any coach earn more? Worse still, the players earn nothing. Not a cent. Of course they get room and board, and tuition, but that’s a pretty good bargain for skills that reap millions for others. When I hesitated to donate funds this year, I was reminded that my money goes directly to the academic programs, not to athletics. But the real question is where does all this athletic money go and what does it do to enhance the most deep-rooted and abiding values of a great university? Do we learn about leadership, teamwork, camaraderie, sacrifice, and trust by watching games? Should we?  I wish some universities would stand up to the pressing issues of the day, of which student-athletes and their exploitation (the great majority never see a professional contract) is but one. Bill Nichols ’64 San Francisco

SEND LETTERS TO: Box 90572, Durham, N.C. 27708 or e-mail Please limit letters to 300 words and include your full name, address, and class year or Duke affiliation. We reserve the right to edit for length and clarity. Owing to space constraints, we are unable to print all letters received. Published letters represent the range of responses received. For additional letters: Chris HIldreth 6


Serena Kerrigan


Matthew Cicanese



Pictures perfect: In January, Duke Photography and the Center for Documentary Studies launched a yearlong effort to visually tell the university’s story in 365 images. Document Duke 360 invites students, alumni, staff, visitors—everyone—to share evocative images of Duke (#Duke360), beyond the familiar. A “photo of the day” is shared at In 2016, there will be an exhibit of the photographs.

Max Erdemandi

Michael Palko

Dillon Patel

Ryan Huang



SPRING 2015 7 Bryan Roth


Aid for young entrepreneurs

Fifteen students are chosen for alumni couple’s program. With more than twenty-five years of experience as one of the founders of Melissa & Doug toys, Melissa Bernstein ’87 has lots of entrepreneurial experiences to share. So last year, she and her husband (he’s Doug) founded a yearlong program for undergraduate students to develop their own ventures. This year, fifteen student entrepreneurs have been selected; their projects include a grocery delivery service in Kenya, an antiperspirant hand-lotion company, and a dual dog leash. The program includes workshops, mentors, a summer stipend, and a chance to connect with the Bernsteins and other successful alumni entrepreneurs.

Duke joins with Stanford for new initiative. Juggling academic and athletic responsibilities gives student-athletes little time for community service. A new joint civic-engagement initiative from Duke and Stanford University, launching this summer, changes that. Funded by Duke board of trustees chair David Rubenstein ’70 and Stanford trustee Peter Bing, the project offers immersive three-week summer service assignments in under-resourced areas for up to forty student-athletes, twenty from each school. The program will be housed at the DukeEngage office and managed by a committee of administrators, coaches, and civic-engagement staff from both universities.


A race against waste

Nicholas School scientists help document plastic pollution. Here’s a sobering statistic to keep in mind as you head to the beach: There are 260,000 tons of plastic particles floating in the ocean. Some consider this plastic pollution the worst ecological catastrophe in history, which is why faculty and students at the Duke Marine Lab in Beaufort joined in the Race for Water Odyssey, a round-the-world expedition aimed at documenting, assessing, and educating people about the increasing debris littering the world’s oceans and beaches. Launched in March, the effort involved a crew on a racing ship journeying from Bordeaux, France, to the beaches of islands in the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian oceans in under 300 days. Duke scientists from the Nicholas School developed a drone-enabled imaging process that uses a high-resolution red-edge camera that can identify plastic that’s two-and-a-half centimeters or larger. They also analyzed data as the information was collected. It’s estimated that 80 percent of plastic Trash heap: Plastic waste in the ocean results from human acwaste pollutes the tivity on land, while 20 percent comes from world’s oceans. human activity at sea. Gary Bell/Corbis

Giving athletes a chance to engage

Gabrielle Émilie Le Tonnelier de Breteuil, marquise du Châtelet, Wikimedia Commons


Rediscovering the women of philosophy A new website serves as a resource for missing voices in the field. A look at the names typically taught when exploring the history of philosophy would include such people as Kant, Descartes, and Spinoza. A solid list, but missing are the names of women. According to Andrew Janiak, an associate professor of philosophy, the voices of women in philosophy have been muted. So working with a research team of staff and students, as well as colleagues from Columbia University and the University of Pennsylvania, Janiak is developing Project Vox, an open-source website as a resource for teachers. The site will include sample syllabi and translated writings of under-studied female philosophers. It also will include sample lesson plans. Project Vox will house an archive of little-used texts that feature female scholars. For instance, a doctoral student is translating a series of letters between well-known German


$5.8 Billion

Amount Duke created in economic value for North Carolina’s economy in 2012-13

Hidden wisdom: A painting of Émilie Du Châtelet, a philosopher, author, and translator by Maurice Quentin de la Tour, from the mid-18th century.

philosopher Gottfried Leibniz and Lady Damaris Cudworth Masham, an English philosopher in the late 1600s. He wrote in French, and she replied in English; the translations will help those who don’t speak both languages. The website also will serve as a kind of digital clearinghouse for scholars to share ideas, teaching strategies, and other resources. Other Duke staff members working on the website include Beatriz Wallace, a graphic desig­­ner and graduate student in the master’s of fine arts program; Liz Milewicz, the head of digital scholarship at Duke Libraries; Will Shaw, the digital humanities technology consultant; and Cheryl Thomas, the philosophy librarian.


Percentage growth in the Duke population of those seeking master’s degrees in the last decade


Commitment made by the university in support of the Duke Angel Network, which aims to provide investment capital to help entrepreneurs





BOOKBAG LIT 390SA: Picturing Nature: Photography and Theory THE CATALYST: Melody Jue believes that deep water can make a fascinating setting for science fiction and other literature. A literature Ph.D. student and scuba diver, Jue traveled to Mexico to study underwater museums for her dissertation, “Wild Blue Media: Thinking Through Seawater.” Her study of the field of “ocean humanities” will continue with this course, which she brings to the Duke Marine Lab for the first time this summer. THE GIST: This course combines Jue’s overlapping passions for literature and science, getting students to question how they think about theory while giving them a chance to be outdoors. Students approach the oceanic world from perspectives of cultural studies, media studies, visual theory, and environmental humanities. Jue encourages them to use their cameras as another means of “thinking.”

ASSIGNMENT LIST: Students travel to Carson Estuary, the shoreline, museums, and marine labs to take photographs and write. Peer reviews help students refine their work. Students choose a photographer’s work to study and to think about how it relates to this course. They make websites to showcase their photographs, and they write a personal piece about how the photographs “picture nature.”

Summit celebrates “Crazies for the Arts”

Students lead a two-day creativity event.

THE TWIST: While this class stresses theory, Jue thinks it’s essential to engage with the unpredictable environment of the coast. “So many things are happening at the beach,” she says. “The environment is so beautiful in summer and full of pockets of life.” Students can expect to spend at least half of their class time outdoors, studying theory in the morning and exploring in the afternoon. If they’re especially observant, they may witness sea-turtle eggs hatching or dolphins arcing above the sea. —Madeline Taylor

Melody Jue

Unexplored frontiers: According to a BBC documentary Jue screens in her class, more people have traveled into space than the deep ocean.


This past fall, rectangular stickers reading #artstigators in bright orange letters began popping up all over campus and in Durham. The stickers are the calling card of the “artstigators” movement, the brainchild of visiting assistant professor Bill Fick and Amy Unell ’03, a former Los Angeles-based producer who now works to promote the arts at Duke. Throughout the year, she and students collaborated with local coffee shops and restaurants to promote #artstigators menu items, got senior basketball player and theater studies major Quinn Cook to devise a special #artstigators handshake, and encouraged students to perform readings and songs spontaneously on the quad. In March, the #artstigators worked with DuArts, VisArts, and the Career Center to launch ArtCon, the university’s first student-led arts and creativity summit. The two-day event celebrated the arts in Duke and Durham and featured representatives from National Geographic, BuzzFeed, ESPN, Algonquin Books, Saturday Night Live, and Duke Magazine. In Art-Storm Sessions, students, alumni, faculty members, administrators, and local artists came together to “artstigate” innovative ways of defining and expanding the arts at Duke and beyond, which will be delivered in a report to the administration.


| Richard H. Brodhead



Envisioning a shared future



Les Todd

ost universities are located where they hotels and 2,300 residential units have been built within were founded: Harvard is in Cambridge, two miles of downtown. Durham’s locavore food scene, Stanford is in Palo Alto, UNC is in Chapthe subject of national acclaim, continues to recruit new el Hill. But one of Duke’s peculiarities is restaurants virtually by the week. that it chose to be in Durham. Trinity Today, more than 2,500 Duke employees work in College was founded in rural Randolph County—and in downtown Durham, and Durham’s old tobacco warehouses are coming to new life as part of Duke. The Car1892, the college packed up its bell and its library, loaded michael Building in West Village has been converted into them onto a boxcar, and moved to Durham. It was a smart high-end lab space to co-locate faculty doing research on business deal for both: The ambitious little college wanted metabolomics, physiology, and human genetics, while to be situated in a New South city, with access to its wealth adjacent private-sector companies can share research projand opportunities, and the ambitious little city wanted the ects and commercial development of discoveries. The old educational resources and prestige of a liberal-arts college. Chesterfield Building, unFor many years, Duke der construction now, will must have appeared to be soon form part of a new an alien visitor. Early twentieth-century Durham, archipelago of biomedical with its tobacco factories research and development and mills, as well as the spaces mixing academic vibrant center of black culand industry participants. ture and commerce known Start-ups, which spring as the “Black Wall Street,” up most luxuriantly in had a limited connection high-density collision to the university culture of spaces with highly educated, innovative neighbors, that time. will have a natural new When the tobacco and home in the Durham Intextile economies collapsed novation District. Duke’s in Durham, Duke’s lack own Innovation and Enof urban connectivity became paradoxically a kind trepreneurship Initiative of asset. In the 1970s and will open such a space of ’80s, as cities became focal City life: First-year students enjoy a night on the town at the connectivity in downturn points for social patholo- Durham Performing Arts Center. Durham within the year. gies, universities that were Duke has an important more visibly urban paid a public-relations price for their role to play in every aspect of the development of this city dangerous, depressed locales. When Duke hit the cover of and this region. The Durham public schools struggle with The New York Times Magazine in 1984 as the new “hot colmany challenges; Duke’s initiatives in early education, our lege,” people were drawn to the image of the Gothic wonsummer and after-school academies, and our many shared derland, standing apparently clear of its urban surround. research and literacy programs are crucial contributors to a But as urban decline abruptly reversed course in the better civic future. With health disparities having emerged U.S. in the last twenty years, Durham’s missing downtown as one of the most devastating and intractable forms of became a serious negative for this university. And so a censocial inequality in America, Duke Medicine also must tury after moving here, during Nan Keohane’s presidenprovide support for building a healthy community. If we cy, Duke began investing in Durham. These investments want to benefit from our home, we must be active to make came first in twelve proximate neighborhoods through the it the community it can be. Duke-Durham Neighborhood Partnership, then in reAs Duke helps bring these new realities to life, we can habilitation projects downtown. Duke’s commitment to glimpse a Durham that never was but that will benefit lease one-fourth of the 1 million square feet of the abanus immensely: a center of economic and cultural vitalidoned American Tobacco site led to the securing of the ty that draws smart people from around this country and rest of the financing for the project—a move that reignited the world and gives their creative ideas a place to develop. Durham as a commercial attraction. When Duke chose Durham, our fates became entwined. From this start, with a brief timeout for the economToday, through a vision of constructive partnership, Duke ic downturn, Durham has become a veritable boomtown and Durham can see the newly positive prospects of our for investment and activity. In the past three years, four shared future. n DUKE MAGAZINE




Divisive incidents lead to calls for unity

Students and administrators say events don’t reflect “the Duke we want.” ly Kornbluth stressed Duke’s fundamental values of inclusivity and mutual respect, and urged “all Duke students, faculty, and staff to embrace the shared responsibility for creating the community we want to be,” they said. Duke’s SAE chapter also condemned the alleged act. Reaction continued on social media. After a student compiled a range of posts

hours of April 1. The Black Student Alliance led a march that afternoon, with several hundred students walking from the West Campus bus stop to the offending site. A message was posted there: To the cowards of Duke University, we are not afraid. We stand together. In one of two e-mail messages he sent to students, Larry Moneta, vice president for student affairs, wrote: “To whomever committed this hateful and stupid act, I just want to say that if your intent was to create fear, it will have the opposite effect.” Brodhead and Kornbluth sent another, calling for attendance—and a show of unity—at a university-wide forum in front of Duke Chapel. By its 5 p.m. start, the forum had drawn a crowd numbering about 1,000. Some people held signs, some shed tears. Brodhead explained the history of lynching and why a yellow rope dangling from a tree in 2015 was still a potent and disturbing symbol. “One person put up that noose, but this is the multitude of people who got together to say, ‘That’s not the Duke we want, that’s not the Duke we’re here for, and that’s not the Duke we’re here to create,’ ” he said. Just a day later, university officials announced that a student, no longer on campus, had admitted to the act. The student will go through a campus disciplinary process and, if found responsible, will face a range of punishments. The university also is working with the State Bureau of Investigation and the Federal Bureau of Investigation about potential criminal violations. Other students had shared information with Duke police and student affairs that led to the discovery. Chris Hildreth

The revelation that it was indeed a student who had put a noose in a tree near the Bryan Center this spring was another difficult moment in what’s become a tough discussion confronting issues around race, diversity, and tolerance on campus. If the conflagration had a spark, it may have been lit in late March, when

Gather together: A crowd fills the Chapel Quad for a forum after the noose incident.

a black female student reported that she had been taunted by a group of white males while walking on East Campus. They allegedly were singing the racist song heard nationally in a video involving the Sigma Alpha Epsilon fraternity at the University of Oklahoma. The incident, still under investigation by Student Affairs, sparked alarm among students, particularly African-American students, and a quick response from administrators. In an e-mail message, president Richard H. Brodhead and provost Sal-


from the social-media app Yik Yak to illustrate Duke’s racial climate, the conversation’s heat rose. Some of the posts highlighted the difficulties that black and minority students face on campus, while others expressed confusion or frustration toward the new focus on race issues in Yik Yak dialogue at Duke—or denied the existence of those issues. Elsewhere, a hashtag, #WhatWeNeedFromDuke, was created to launch a campaign for change some feel is needed at the university. And then, a noose was hung from a tree on the Bryan Center Plaza in the early

Loyal to the End

Charles Clotfelter ‘69, a professor of public policy, economics, and law, used obituaries to uncover qualities of die-hard college sports fans.


Study reveals laws overlook key group.


of die-hard college sports fans are alumni of their teams’ universities.


never attended college at all.

Of the



obituaries used in the study, only about were die-hard fans. Three times as many were men as women. Compared to others featured in obituaries, they were more likely to be white and mainline Protestants and to have participated in coaching.

As a group, the die-hard fans were twice as likely to have attended college as the general population. Many held blue-collar jobs, but were professionals.


Most die-hard fans lived in the same state as the college they supported.

Ardent fans were 5.5 percentage points more likely to register as Republicans than similar adults.

Ill-tempered get gun access There are no data available on whether people with anger problems are more likely to commit violent crimes. Still, a study by Duke researchers reveals a disturbing oversight: Current laws don’t keep guns out of the hands of people with a history of angry, impulsive outbursts. Published in the journal Behavioral Sciences and the Law, the study used more than 5,500 interviews conducted in a landmark survey of mental illness by Harvard University researchers. From those interviews, the Duke team extrapolated that one in ten adults in the U.S. has an anger-management problem, along with access to firearms, while 1.5 percent of adults acknowledged feeling impulsive anger and carrying guns outside. They are usually young or middle-aged men who sometimes lose their temper, break things, or get into fights, according to the study’s authors, who also included Columbia University researchers. “Probably the strongest predictor of violence is previous violent behavior,” says Jeffrey Swanson, a professor in psychiatry and behavior sciences and the lead author. “The way the law is set up now, it’s missing a lot. The most volatile people are slipping through the cracks.” Federal laws prohibit only those who have been committed to a psychiatric hospital or declared “mental defectives” from owning firearms. People with the types of severe psychiatric problems that lead to involuntary commitment, like schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, commit just 4 percent of violent crimes in the country. In most states, even those who have committed violent misdemeanors or have had restraining orders issued against them for domestic violence are allowed to own guns.





CHATTER “There are certainly fraternities that are deeply engaged, but also many that operate in a similar way to how they operated half a century ago. But I would shy away from painting all fraternities with a broad brush. We are academic institutions, and we provide education for lots of other things. This is an area where perhaps we haven’t done as good a job.” -BENJAMIN REESE, vice president for institutional equity, on the SAE fraternity incident at the University of Oklahoma

“One-third of us would choose our electronic devices over being intimate with our partners. What’s wrong with us?” -OMID SAFI ’92, Ph.D. ’99, director of the Duke Islamic Studies Center, on why we need less iPhone spirituality and more rejuvenation of heart and soul

“There are many things I want for my future on Earth: I have always wanted to learn to play the cello, to eat an entire piece of cheesecake at the Cheesecake Factory unassisted, to run (or rather limp miserably through) an Iron Man race, to adopt a border collie named Wiggle. Colonizing Mars is a rather recent addition to the list.” -Rising senior LAUREL KAYE, physics major, on applying to be part of the Mars 100, a group of potential astronauts aiming to go to the red planet in 2024

“Diversifying the boardroom out of instrumental business imperatives is apparently more politically palatable than doing so because it’s the right thing to do.” -KIMBERLY D. KRAWIEC, professor of law and a senior fellow at the Kenan Institute for Ethics, on corporate boardroom diversity


A trove of women’s artifacts

Baskin Collection reveals deep history of productivity. The Duke University Libraries re- the first woman to receive a medicently acquired the Lisa Unger Baskin cal degree from an American mediCollection, the largest and most sig- cal school. It also contains letters by nificant collection of women’s history Charlotte Bronte and works by Edith Wharton; Susan B. Anthony’s The Revin private hands. Lisa Baskin was a book collector and olution, the first women’s-rights weekly wife of Leonard Baskin, an artist and journal; and a first edition of Phillis publisher. She began collecting wom- Wheatley’s Poems on Various Subjects en’s history in the 1960s, after graduat- Religious and Moral, the first work to ing from Cornell University. Decades be published by an African American. later, her collection includes thousands Besides unique papers and manuof books and hundreds scripts, the collection of manuscripts and artiincludes an array of facts documenting how rare three-dimensional women shaped meditreasures, from bookcine, culture, and the binding and metalwork to board games and political process from embroidery. There’s a the mid-fifteenth century to the mid-twentiBritish suffrage tea set, eth century. a silk parade banner “The unifying thread reading “Justice,” and is that women have alVirginia Woolf ’s writways been productive ing desk, designed by the author herself. and working people, Students and reand this history essen- Portrait: The collection tially has been hidden,” includes a 1497 biography. searchers will be able to Baskin said of her coluse the Baskin Colleclection. tion to deepen their grasp of the arts, Among the collection’s oldest pieces literature, history, medicine, science, are one of the earliest sets of women’s photography, gender and sexuality, biographies ever published; the first religion, activism, education, Afribook written by a midwife; and the can-American culture, women’s studfamily papers of Elizabeth Blackwell, ies, and law.

Julia Donnell from Chicago

Has more than 100 photos and a poster from a Jay-Z and Beyonce concert. “Probably one of the greatest nights of my life.” Has been a huge Beyonce fan since fourth grade.


What she misses from home: Eddie, her shih tzu with one blue eye. “I think animals are better than people, because a dog could never have a bad intention.” She’s a puppy volunteer with a local animal shelter. Drama queen: As a theater minor, she recently played the role of Winnie in The Perfect Detonator. “My husband, who I don’t like, accidentally kills my brother, who I do love, and so I snap and kill my husband... and then I kill myself.” Theater trick: “I can only memorize my lines if I’m walking.”

Kailey Johnson

from Los Angeles

Equestrian enthusiast: At home she has a horse named Albert, who’s big and slow. At Duke she rides Scarlett, who’s full of energy. Why she loves it: “You develop a really special bond with your horse and they just become your best friend.” Academic overachiever: “I’m obsessed with making lists and check boxes.” Studies biology and psychology, might pursue veterinary medicine

Three’s Company

First-years in Brown Residence Hall How they describe each other: Julia is “dramatic, crazy, hilarious.” “She’s the life of the party that is…” “Our room!” they all say together. “The party that only the three of us are part of.”-Kailey Kailey is “classy, clean, diligent.” “Kailey literally does her work ahead of time.”-Julia Jasmine, aka Jazzy-J, is “nocturnal.”-Julia

Jasmine Hill from Alexandria, Virginia

Studying poli-sci, psychology, possibly education, Jasmine is a sprinter on the track team; mainly runs the 400m Training kicks: Nike Free 2.0 Good luck charms: A gray blanket that belonged to her mother and a stuffed monkey named Charles. She prays at the starting line before each race. Interview by Madeline Taylor and Elizabeth Van Brocklin Running role models: Her Duke teammates Photo by Megan Mendenhall





Romney shares his world view

It felt like campaign season—past and present—in early April, when Mitt Romney, the 2012 presidential candidate and former Massachusetts governor, spoke to a crowded auditorium at the Fuqua School. In a conversation led by political science professor Peter Feaver, who directs Duke’s American Grand Strategy program, Romney said he expects foreign policy to loom large in the coming presidential race. Criticizing the Obama administration’s global dealings, in areas ranging from China to Cuba, he singled Talk it over: Feaver, left, with Romney at the Fuqua School out the preliminary nuclear-arms agreement with Iran—“not the deal it could have been.” He said the lighted a challenge that Republicans will take into the 2016 administration’s lack of resolve, as he sees it, has contributed race: the need to combat the false impression, as he sees it, to the rise of extremism in the Middle East and to Russia’s that as a party they favor the rich. Romney praised the current crop of Republic hopefuls for aggressive inroads in Crimea and Ukraine. Prodded by Feaver to look back on his presidential run, the presidency; he wouldn’t be drawn into discussing indiRomney said he should have been more assertive in embrac- vidual strengths and weaknesses. “If you get the chance to ing minority communities. The campaign, he added, high- run for president, do it,” he said. “It’s a great experience.”

Les Todd

The former candidate criticizes the current president.

Jeff Kosokoff

Photos by Amy Unell 16

Temporary art: The dry-erase board walls of The Edge became a contemporary gallery for an evening. EdgeFest, held on the recently refurbished first floor of Bostock Library, celebrated the new design and personal expression by encouraging students to decorate the walls with patterns, images, doodles, or random thoughts. The event was hosted by the #artstigators, Duke University Libraries, online publication Spoon University-Duke, and The Bite, a student-run food magazine. More than 400 students attended.

FLYING INTO THE FUTURE. | Missy Cummings, an associate professor of

mechanical engineering and materials science, spent eleven years as a naval officer and military pilot, obtaining the rank of lieutenant and flying an F/A-18 Hornet. She’s now director of Duke’s Humans and Autonomy Laboratory. You had to break barriers as one of the first female fighter pilots in the U.S. Navy. Is it easier to work in an academic setting?

Engineering is still a primarily male environment. My research can be a little controversial—human interaction with technology. Some engineers aren’t crazy about it. They think the work belongs more in psychology than in engineering.

So you’re interested in human psychology as well as machines?

Humans can be very good at reasoning through uncertainty, but very bad, for example, at repetitive tasks. Some airline pilots are texting while taxiing. That’s human nature: We get bored, and we get distracted. But we are also critical for helping computers in emergencies, like the Hudson River landing. It makes for very complex design problems.

The name of your lab is a playful reference to the crazed computer HAL in the movie 2001. Are you going to produce something similarly scary?

It’s more ironic than scary. In the movie, HAL didn’t really work well with humans. We’re trying to develop collaborative systems that leverage the strengths between humans and computers. When I was flying fighters, I could see the really bad designs that were killing my friends. In one year, I lost a friend a month—they were all accidents due to human error, but they were exacerbated by poor design in the cockpit.

You see value in drone warfare because there are many people in the loop. Why would a Navy pilot welcome a lawyer’s presence?

In the end, the pilot of a manned or unmanned aircraft still has the final say as to whether the bomb gets dropped. But if we’re trying to figure out whether we’re following the rules of war— how to factor in, for example, the presence of nearby civilians—I’m not sure we want an independent decision maker. Having military lawyers advise pilots and decisionmakers as a strike is unfolding prevents far more innocent deaths than having a pilot make this decision on his or her own.

You’ve talked about the psychological damage that pilots face from lethal missions. How does that compare with the impact on drone controllers? We don’t really know. But fortunately it’s now more acceptable to admit, “I’m really struggling with these mentalhealth issues.” In my flying days, if you even hinted that you might be having second thoughts, you would be immediately pulled from the cockpit.

assume a human pilot will do everything to preserve his own life. That’s why the Germanwings crash is so difficult to process.

Will Amazon be dropping off my future book order by drone?

People in areas of China already are getting deliveries by drone. But outside of hard-toreach rural areas, drones will never be the primary delivery mode. They’ll also never be the biggest threat to privacy. It’s funny to me that we are so willing to give up privacy with our cell phones, which track our whereabouts constantly and are far more invasive than any drone could ever be.

What about driverless cars, which you’ve described as drones on the road?

Completely driverless cars won’t happen soon. Google

Q&A has done some driving on California roads. Until they take that car to Boston in the winter, these aren’t true-tolife road conditions. There are infrastructure issues, sensor issues, reliability issues. But there are some bridging technologies—for example, where the radar will lock on a car in front of you as you’re inching along. The car will automatically do a slow crawl and allow you to do something else, like texting. And then, when you get to a certain speed, it will signal you to take control.

Will technology eventually allow us to master the workings of the brain?

It’s the decade of the brain, but we hardly know anything. We have no idea how to replicate love, judgment, the moral principles that go into deciding whether to fire a weapon on the battlefield. We’re not even close to translating abstract reasoning into bits and bytes.

—Robert J. Bliwise

Would you be confident flying on a pilotless plane? It depends on the context. I think commercial cargo airplanes could easily be, and will be, turned into drones. Passenger planes are different, because wherever you have a human presence, you need a leader—someone to manage unruly people, for example. There’s also the “shared fate” concept: We

Chris Hildreth



A crash course in collaboration



students participate in Duke in Chicago each summer


rom the time he performed in an abridged version of Cinderella when he was eight years old, Andrew Jacobs has been a theater kid. He acted in plays all through elementary, middle, and high schools, and joined Hoof ‘n’ Horn once he got to Duke. When he started to wonder about the management side of theater, his adviser steered him toward Duke in Chicago. Launched for the first time in 2014, Duke in Chicago is a summer program that exposes students to the ambitious world of arts and entrepreneurship. For six weeks, students tour the Windy City’s theater, music, dance, visual arts, and comedy scene. With waterfront Roosevelt Univer-

Second City, the improvisational comedy club that claims Bill Murray and Amy Poehler among its alumni. One of Jacobs’ most memorable days was visiting Steppenwolf, a Tony Award-winning theater company. He met people from different departments, toured the office and theaters, and saw two performances. The program shows students “that the career choice they face is not starving artist or investment banker. It’s a step toward becoming the next generation of arts leader,” says program director Jody McAuliffe, chair of Duke’s theater studies department. The program culminates with students producing a

alumni living in Chicago

Honorable mentions

Duke in Chicago relies on a number of artistic alumni, including Jennifer Wesley ’94, Pere Rigo Haug ’00, Katie McClay ’01, Gretchen Wright ’09, Greg Anderson ’04, and Martin Zimmerman ’07.

Show business: Jacobs learned the value of entrepreneurship in the arts. sity as their home base, they take backstage tours of theaters and shows, meet working artists for lunch, and roam museums and galleries. They also can sign up for acrobatics and physical-theater classes at Actors Gymnasium, dance classes at Joffrey Ballet, and improv and writing classes at 18

show from start to finish: conceiving the idea, managing a budget, marketing the event, and performing it. “It’s a crash course in collaboration that teaches them that they can make work seemingly from ‘nothing,’ ” says McAuliffe. With the help of Heidi Coleman ’89, a professor at the

University of Chicago, Jacobs and his classmates produced Artificial, an abstract theater piece exploring the theme of fear through acting, dancing, singing, and creative writing. “The show was a simulation of running our own arts-based organization. We had a venue and $5,000 ‘grant,’ and were left to decide what the name of our organization was, what our mission and purpose was, how we would use the money and manage the event,” says Jacobs. He wrote and performed a monologue based on his fears around gender norms and sexuality, sang a song from the musical Hair, and participated in a few other numbers as well. Duke in Chicago has revolutionized Jacobs’ perspective on how to both make and manage his own art. “My dad runs his own business, and growing up I always thought that would be such a dry career to have. I never thought it would be a topic that really inspired me,” he says. “I was able to see how art, especially innovative art, needs strategic leadership, business acumen, and money to survive.” A rising senior, Jacobs is now taking business and entrepreneurship classes and working on a distinction project with the theater studies department. He is even considering getting an M.B.A. He is imagining ways that he can be “that man behind the scenes, keeping the arts and culture alive in our communities.” Where will he head after graduation? Chicago is definitely on the list. –Elizabeth Van Brocklin Photos by Lawrence Nemeh

PAGETURNERS Recommended Reading Luca Lipparini, Alaine Jacobs, and Amanda Kelso of the Global Education Office recommend these summer-suitable books.

Associated Press

Peter Hessling’s River Town:

My Generation: Collected Nonfiction

features thirty-three pieces by William Styron ’47, some previously unpublished and several taken from Styron’s papers in the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book and Manuscript Library at Duke. Here is why the editor James L.W. West III thinks the author’s work still resonates. Styron was a public writer—that is to say that he addressed important public issues in both his fiction and nonfiction. Styron read widely and thought carefully before he arrived at positions on race, genocide, warfare, capital punishment, depression, and other social issues. He held to his positions consistently. Certainly these problems haven’t disappeared. Reading Styron’s work now reminds us of where we started and how far we still have to travel. JUST PUBLISHED

Pure Sex by Gordon Dalbey ’64 and his wife, psychologist Mary Andrews-Dalbey, is an exploration of sexual desire as a spiritual phenomenon.

personal interviews that investigates: Who makes up ISIS? Where did they come from? And how can they be stopped?

Daughters, Dads, and the Path Through Grief: Tales from Italian America by Lorraine Mangione ’76 and Donna H. DiCello includes stories of fifty Italian-American women who have suffered through the loss of their fathers. It explores the healing process through the perspective of Italian-American culture.

Saved for a Purpose: A Journey from Private Virtues to Public Values by James A. Joseph is an ethical autobiography that includes insights on moral philosophy and leadership. Joseph is professor emeritus of the practice of public policy.

Love Your Job: The New Rules for Career Happiness by Kerry Hannon ’82 offers techniques to help change old habits and attitudes to make work more enjoyable and engaging. Inside ISIS: The Brutal Rise of a Terrorist Army by Benjamin Hall ’06 is a narrative based on firsthand experience and

Four Years in the Mountains of Kurdistan: An Armenian Boy’s Memoir of Survival (1915-1919) is Aram Haigaz’s firsthand account of surviving the Armenian Genocide of 1915 and working as a servant and shepherd among Kurdish tribes for four years. The memoir was translated from Armenian to English by the author’s daughter, Iris Haigaz Chekenian A.M. ’51.

Two Years on the Yangtze

Teaching English as a Peace Corps volunteer in the river town of Fuling, Hessling and his fellow Corps member explore a strange new world, but find themselves examined and analyzed with startling clarity as well, proving that travel offers just as much insight into the other as it does into ourselves.

Ernesto Che Guevara’s The Motorcycle Diaries: Notes on a Latin American Journey A great motorcycle adventure and a coming-of-age story that allows us to understand the many faces of a painfully beautiful and exploited continent, its contradictions, and its people   Tiziano Terzani’s A Fortune-

Teller Told Me: Earthbound Travels in the Far East

A year of travels by land gives the author the opportunity to see Asia with different eyes and engage in spiritual and philosophical reflections, and provides the reader with great socioeconomic and historical commentary on the region. Tony Cohan’s On Mexican

Time: A New Life in San Miguel

An honest look into the lives of American expats who move to San Miguel, Mexico, highlighting the nuances of Mexican culture and traditions that one can only learn through immersion





A lot of numbers make up the 2015 men’s basketball season, including 12 Final Fours and 1,018 wins for Coach K. But

5—as in five national championships—has the most

magic. In celebration, we offer five views of one great achievement. In the future, we’ll see a merging between the virtual and the actual. Are we players in the real world? Or are we players who just act as if we’re in the real world? In Cameron Indoor Stadium for the Duke-Wisconsin game, the future arrived. The game was up there, on the giant scoreboard. But the game might as well have been down there, on the floor of Cameron, just below the concession stands with their (real-world) $8 box pizzas. For the occasion, Cameron was a students-only zone. With a show of coordinated chaos, they indulged in their heart-pumping, stadium-shaking, noise-making up-and-down bounce. They wore blue wigs, devil horns that glowed, and T-shirts that carried supportive statements: “Blue Devil Basketball Never Stops,” “You Can’t Handle The D,” and (in a reaching back to past glory) “Laettner 32.” In a sea of blue, one spectator sported an orange-and-yellow costume. “I’m a giraffe,” she explained. Pregame, as the Channel 3 (“On Your Side”) camera surveyed the crowd, student responses were appropriate to the stimulus: They waved, they made faces, they recited the virtues of the team. With the playing of the national anthem, they sang along, badly but exuberantly. During the game, as players approached the free-throw line, the students sometimes traced the path to the basket with their extended arms. And sometimes they gestured with wild abandon—depending, of course, on the team attempting the free throw. As the score veered in and out of Duke’s favor, they sounded the familiar chant: “Let’s go, Duke!!!” You just can’t record that without an arsenal of exclamation points. 20

A high-schooler, visiting Duke as a prospective student (an even more committed prospect by evening’s end), was in synch with one crowd ritual: adamantly exercising his iPhone to unleash “tons of pictures” for his friends. Phones fired away around the final score, 68-63. There was more bouncing, a lot of hugging, shouts of “This is insane” (“this” referring either to the game or the celebratory aftermath), the rushing of the Cameron floor, and the grabbing of instantly printed newspapers with a “National Champions” headline.

Megan Mendenhall

The action shifted to the bonfire and the sacrifice of dorm benches—maybe a sign of spontaneous joy, or maybe the carrying out of a familiar ritual. A news helicopter hovered high above. One student called out, “Hello, helicopter!” What was that goofy greeting all about? It didn’t matter. It was just a night for feeling good. —Robert J. Bliwise

On the morning of Monday, April 6, Grayson Allen

woke up thinking about bubonic plague. This was twelve hours before he became that Grayson Allen, before he came off the bench to resuscitate a Blue Devil team suddenly gone lifeless and lead Duke to its fifth national championship in basketball. This was when he was just Grayson, a nineteen-year-old freshman, the eighth man on an eight-man team, and, on the biggest day of his Duke life, a kid with homework. “I had a paper due for my Medieval Christianity class,” Allen recalled later. “I wanted to get it done by Sunday, but it was kind of hard to carve out the time.” Hard because the Final Four, an event built around 120 minutes of college basketball, is as heavily orchestrated as a diplomatic summit. Since arriving in Indianapolis five days earlier, Allen and his teammates had been shuttled between press conferences, team meetings, meals, and photo opportunities. The agenda relented only at night, when many of the players gathered in a hotel suite to play video games. Allen had cut out early on Sunday evening to work on his paper, a review of a novel set in England during the time of the Black Death, but at midnight he put it aside to get some sleep. Or at least try to. “I lay awake for probably an hour,” he says. “I was remembering watching Duke play in the 2010 national championship game,” which was also held in Indianapolis. “I was in eighth grade, and I knew I wanted to play for Duke. To be in the same place, playing for the championship, I just couldn’t believe it.” Until then, Allen’s first year at Duke hadn’t been much of a Jon Gardiner

fairy tale. Though he arrived with less fanfare than teammates Jahlil Okafor, Tyus Jones, and Justise Winslow, Allen was a McDonald’s All-American coming out of high school in Jacksonville, Florida. His ambitions rose as high as his thirty-seven-inch vertical jump could carry him. Yet in the Blue Devils’ first twenty regular-season games, Allen played more than ten minutes only three times. When Duke faced its eventual championship-game foe Wisconsin in December, he never got off the bench. That made Allen’s heroic role in the final even more astounding. The freshman scored sixteen points—including eight during a one-minute, nine-second flurry in the second half that erased most of a nine-point Wisconsin lead. Within two days, Allen would have 50,000 new Instagram followers. A few snide columnists pegged him as “the next great Duke villain.” But on Monday morning, all that was a fantasy as remote as fourteenth-century England. Reality was a hotel room, an open laptop, and the quiet click of keys as Allen completed his paper. After filing the assignment, he e-mailed his professor, Katharine Dubois ’89, to say he hoped the class would be able to watch the game. Dubois assured him they would, “with probably more exclamation points than I would usually use in e-mails to students or colleagues,” she says. “But I am a Duke grad, after all.” Dubois’ class meets on Monday evenings, from 6:30 to 9. That night, she let the students out early so they could get to their game-watching destinations, none of them imagining that their absent classmate was about to become a legend. Not even Grayson Allen. —Michael Penn DUKE MAGAZINE




employees working at the store the day after the game (40 more than usual)

The cardinal rule of press row is the banner he had been very simple: No cheering. So as a student journalist seated in the south end zone of Lucas Oil Stadium, I was likely one of few Duke students who watched the final seconds of Duke’s 68-63 win against Wisconsin tick away with a straight face. When the final buzzer sounded, I finished my work on my laptop, closed the lid, and walked to the edge of the raised court for the trophy presentation, passing the quickly emptying Badger student section and trying to imagine the delirium raging inside Cameron Indoor Stadium 600 miles from Indianapolis. During the ceremony and ensuing press conferences, I kept my thoughts from showing. But internally, the heart-thumping from the tense final minutes was starting to die down, and the realization that Duke had won was starting to sink in. For Quinn Cook, the win was vindication. The senior captain finally captured

chasing for four years. For Final Four Most Outstanding Player Tyus Jones, whose nineteen second-half points brought the Blue Devils back from a nine-point deficit, it was just one of many shining moments in a dynamite freshman season. Head coach Mike Krzyzewski always has preached doing things “together,” and this year’s team completely embraced that message. In watching the players’ season-long evolution from press row, I was struck by their focus and willingness to deflect praise to their teammates, even on a team loaded with freshman stars destined for the pros. Outside pressures did not affect the way they talked and did not affect the way they played all season long. None of that changed when Duke

10,000+ customers who bought gear the day after the game

got to the biggest stage of all: the Final Four, where we in the media fully exhausted our list of questions during four days of endless pregame and postgame availability. As Justise Winslow said in the days leading up to the South Regional in Houston, Duke treated its weekends in March like “a business trip,” and the Blue Devils returned to Durham having sealed the deal. I left the media room around 3:30 the next morning—at which point the on-campus festivities had probably moved on from the Main Quad bonfire—to get a few hours of rest before driving back to Durham. I’ll continue to strive for objective reporting, but it sure would be nice to be back next year. —Ryan Hoerger Jon Gardiner

Jim Wilkerson spent the night of the championship at home watching the game with family and friends. Right at the buzzer, amid shouting friends and a howling beagle, the director of trademark licensing and store operations for Duke University Stores texted one of the apparel suppliers: “Print ’em!” His message was the green light to start printing championship shirts. —Elizabeth Van Brocklin

Jessica Gaither Vandett M.S. ’07 was in Banner Elk, North

Carolina, cheering on the Blue Devils with her dad and five-year-old daughter, Zoë. During the last Duke championship win in 2010, Vandett was in the neonatal intensive-care unit at CHI St. Vincent’s Infirmary in Little Rock, Arkansas, with Zoë, who was delivered at thirty-three weeks. That night, as Vandett watched over her sleeping daughter, she cheered on the Blue Devils to victory with one of Zoë’s neonatologists. “We felt she was a good-luck charm,” Vandett says. And on game night this year, a healthy, strong Zoë worked her magic again. “She cheered her heart out,” Vandett says.


Most popular gift item

NCAA National Champions men’s basketball, imprinted with the final winning score

Michael Pelehach ’10, a

Fulbright scholar who teaches English in Silistra, Bulgaria, was in Bucharest for one night, catching a plane to Greece the next morning. The Blue Devils were playing in about four hours, so he ordered two cups of coffee to go from a bar close to his hostel—for later when he woke up for the game—and tried to get a little sleep. “I set three alarms to make sure I

$1,000,000+ in revenue from championship gear sales

15,000+ T-shirts purchased in the first 24 hours after the win

was wide awake in time for tip-off at 4 a.m.,” Pelehach says. And he was. The next morning, a groggy and happy Pelehach chatted with another hostel guest. He had stayed up all night before rushing to the airport. “Oh, that was you!” the guest said. “I heard a bunch of clapping and yelling at ungodly hours last night!”

More than

200 alumni

pinned their game-watch locations—Accra, Boise, Cambridge, Dublin—to a public “Global Cameron” Google map. —­Christina Holder

Liz Clarke Glynn ’07 and her husband, Declan, were preparing to board a plane home to Washington after a whirlwind trip that included a family wedding. The plane did not have in-flight Wi-Fi, so Glynn, in her Duke shirt, was hoping the flight got delayed. Throughout her time in Australia, Glynn had streamed the NCAA tournament games successfully from her smart phone—including the Final Four from atop the Blue Mountain range in Katoomba, New South Wales, Australia. She commiserated with a fellow Duke fan on board. She appealed to the flight attendant, asking for help nudging the captain for the score. But it was radio silence until Glynn landed in the U.S. “As we started our descent, I got my phone out and had it prepped and ready to go to find out the score,” Glynn says. “Once I knew, I couldn’t stop smiling and was so excited! It got me through the long customs process in a great mood!”












S pa c e Dissecting and debating the multiple layers of Duke Chapel By Robert J. Bliwise


hadow a Duke admissions tour, and you’ll soon For the coming year, services and events normally held in the join a ragged circle on the Chapel Quad. On this nave, the main worship space, will move elsewhere. “Christmas St. Patrick’s Day in mid-March, the green-shirted Eve will be in Cameron Indoor Stadium,” says Luke Powery, dean student guide will run down a familiar list of Duke of the chapel. “That will be a sort of baptism for Cameron.” virtues: small classes, diverse majors, caring professors. With those events—past and future—in the background, Through all of that, the gaggle of Duke hopefuls will be Powery convened a panel for a chapel program: “What Is Sacred Space?” The panel was driven by a set of questions: Is Duke drawn as much to the sight of the chapel as to the well-delivered script. They’ll return with a lot of information about life at Chapel sacred space? Something more? Something less? Old Duke, and with cell-phone images of the school’s most familiar questions, but newly relevant. Powery mentioned that the conversation itself pointed to the chapel’s role of promoting “a rich marker. Maybe they’ll return with more: They’re eventually led and charitable dialogue” across the religious spectrum. into the Bryan Center, where they’ll find a vaguely Impressionist poster, a pen-and-ink drawing, and a limited-edition ceramic Powery was named chapel dean three years ago; the first model—plus the latest Duke calendar—all featuring the chapordained Baptist minister in the position, he was formerly at el. If they’re lucky enough to enroll as students, Princeton Theological Seminary. His first acquaintance with Duke Chapel came as his they’ll carry a DukeCard with a Duke Chapel brother was working toward his Ph.D. in image: One way or another, the chapel is built “Like any Christian origins, in the 1990s. He came late into the Duke experience. to a Christmas Eve service and found the place Duke is more diverse, culturally and relisymbol, giously, than ever. Duke Chapel, then, carries filled to capacity. So Powery stood in the back it can out its mission in a context that’s more complex and didn’t have much of a sightline. Today than ever. There are multiple paths for engaging has an altar-position vantage point for the mean many he with the chapel, and for interpreting its role. Sunday “Protestant hour of preaching, music, A few weeks before the Chapel Quad gathand liturgy,” as he described it in the Sacred things.” ering of prospective students, those complicaSpace conversation. “If you’ve ever been here tions came to the surface. The Muslim call to on a Sunday morning, you know what a majestic and inspiring time it can be.” prayer would sound every Friday from the chapel bell tower. The chapel represents the “alpha and omega” of the underAn initiative from the chapel staff, the planned prayer call was graduate experience, Powery continued. It’s where the newest meant to promote the chapel as an icon of interreligious understanding. The decision set off a fierce debate, both inside the students are oriented to the ways of the campus. It’s where university and outside, about the role of religion, the meaning they’re sent off into the world on graduation weekend, when of symbols—and Duke Chapel. The original plan was quickly the chapel faithfully runs through multiple baccalaureate services to accommodate the interest. Day after day, students revised by university officials; the call to prayer moved to the will listen to the carillon mark the five chapel steps for one Friday, and then returned to the chapel Central statement: o’clock hour. And they’ll look to the basement, provoking an equally fierce reaction. James B. Duke’s chapel as a familiar Duke icon, “a powThrough that initial and intensely waged debate, some were erful symbol of pride and belonging, of “great towering looking for reassurance about Duke Chapel’s spiritual underpinnings. Now the university will solidify the chapel’s physical church” would shared experience.” “dominate all of underpinnings. Joining the long lineup of campus construction For generations, the chapel has been the surrounding projects, the chapel, beginning the day after graduation weekend, the center of that shared experience. It’s buildings.” is to have its ceiling rehabilitated and its original roof replaced. where the Duke community celebrated 24

L. Reagan Lunn Photography

the lives of former governor, senator, and Duke president Terry Sanford; philanthropist and Duke family member Mary Duke Biddle Trent Semans ’39; author and teacher Reynolds Price ’55; John Hope Franklin and his wife, Aurelia, with former president Bill Clinton remembering the historian as “a passionate rationalist”; and Major Charles Jerome Honeycutt Jr. ’65, who was killed flying a combat mission in Vietnam. In 1945, it’s where students, their professors, and others assembled to commemorate victory over Germany and then Japan. In 1986, protesters flocked to the Chapel Quad to call on Duke to divest from companies with South Africa holdings; the protest involved two plywood shanties and an “Apartheid Prison” made of rusty wire. In the aftermath of the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, The Chronicle reported that it was “only natural” that thousands would seek out the Chapel Quad —for

Jon Gardiner

the Duke Conservative Union pushed back with a “Save Duke Chapel” campaign. If saving Duke Chapel seemed like the imperative of the moment, it was all about what James B. Duke is said to have described as “the central building” of the campus he envisioned. (James B. Duke’s financial support through The Duke Endowment turned Trinity College into Duke University.) A church, “a great towering church,” would “dominate all of the surrounding buildings, because such an edifice would be found to have a profound influence on the spiritual life of the young men and young women who come here.” When the chapel was dedicated in June 1935, the dedicatory sermon was offered by the Reverend Lynn Harold Hough, dean of the theological seminary at Drew University. The chapel should be seen as “a kind of glorified, solid monument of that authority and learning for which the university stands,” he said. “Personally I should want the cathedral on the campus somehow to reach out arms wide enough, if I may put it so, to give every human being who comes within its walls a home for his highest ideals.” The ideals may have been faithbased, but only in the most general sense. In The Launching of Duke University, history professor emeritus Robert Durden notes that from the start, Duke was “a nondenominational university without religious tests for faculty or students. Accordingly, any service in the chapel must necessarily be nondenominational.” William Preston Few—whose presidency straddled Trinity and Duke—insisted that the chapel “was no ordinary Protestant church,” in Durden’s words. The services initially followed that formulation. “There were no robes, no procesPaying respects: Chapel farewell for philanthropist Mary Duke Biddle Trent Semans ’39 sionals, no collection, no communion service, no hymnals, no anynumber-of-things that would be familiar and assumed later on a program dedicated to bridge-building and community—as “a in the chapel.” source of comfort.” This is what Few told the Trumbauer architectural firm, This past April, after a noose was found hanging near the which would give physical shape to the Duke idea: “As I unBryan Center, another large crowd stood in the Chapel Quad derstand it, the Duke Chapel will never be a church and will as president Richard H. Brodhead said of the ugly image of therefore have no ritualistic services. It is a Gothic cathedral, lynching, “That’s not the Duke I know.” One member of the and I have always thought [it] should have in it what essentially crowd noted a paradox hovering over the whole scene: It played belongs to such a structure from the artistic or aesthetic rather out under the chapel’s front-portal sculptures of, among others, than the functional standpoint.” Confederate General Robert E. Lee. Now the chapel’s functions are multiple, and its metaphoriIt hasn’t been often that the chapel’s history has been linked cal embrace is wider than ever. Its associate dean for religious with controversy, but that history isn’t controversy-free. In life, Christy Lohr Sapp, says, “I think a lot of people see the 2000, then-dean of the chapel Will Willimon and Duke president Nannerl O. Keohane affirmed the recommendation of building, and the shape of the building, and make assumptions a committee that the chapel would permit same-sex unions. about what that means. I’ve heard students ask, ‘What does it While the decision went against the position of the United mean for me to be a student of a different faith, or of no faith, Methodist Church, they noted, the chapel should be seen as and have this at the center of my campus?’ ” a “university facility” not tied to any particular denomination. And what does it mean to see the cruciform chapel, not just The decision didn’t go down well in all quarters: Students in at the geographic center, but also as a Duke icon? “In the pop26

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stained-glass windows depicting biblical stories, large wooden ular parlance of icon as a symbol of a place—well, the chapel cross in the center of its chancel, sculptures of famous American holds that for the institution. But icons, traditionally speaking, Methodists above its portal, and vibrant interdenominational are windows into the divine. We have to be careful that we don’t congregation”—is “a distinctly Christian worship space, where elevate created things to the level of divine things. At the end particular Christian theological doctrines are physically embodof the day, the chapel is gorgeous. It’s awe-inspiring. But it’s a ied.” building.” And in its role as a building, she observes, it doesn’t But we no longer live in shielded, self-reinforcing religious operate in the same way that a traditional, denomination-specific church does. communities; people are torn between loyalty to a particular As part of its operation—the basic part of Lohr Sapp’s portfaith and an obligation to be open to others. The prayer-call folio—the chapel functions as a convener for some two dozepisode illustrates the challenge—including the challenge for en student groups. Along with Christian students of various Duke Chapel—in achieving “both identity and openness,” he denominations, Hindus, Buddhists, and Muslims have sought wrote. out chapel space for prayers and meditation sessions; before the Another alumnus, Todd Stiefel ’97, is openly committed opening of the Freeman Center, Jewish students used the buildto secularism; he’s chair of a national coalition called Openly ing for worship and study. Secular. While mildly religious as a freshman, he became, by Lohr Sapp finds the term “religious pluralism” unhelpful; it graduation, agnostic, and later atheistic. One of his first student could suggest “putting all traditions as equal and kind of meldmemories was writer Maya Angelou’s charge to the freshman ing them into one mush of religious practice.” Rather, she says, class—a “beautiful and memorable” chapel moment. But it’s “What we have here is what I would call religious plurality. It the building, he says, that he still finds breathtaking. “It was doesn’t mean any lack of respect for the diversity of traditions. designed to be awe-inspiring, and it still does that job. As a student, I remember walking by It does mean a lifting up it at night, as it was illuminatof the distinctiveness of ed. It always reminded me of those traditions, so that the an enchanted European castle. evangelical Christians can The enormous, beautiful orbe authentically evangelic gan sings in its own melodious Christian on campus, the voice. The thing that really Mormons authentically stands out is the stained glass. Mormon, the Muslims authentically Muslim.” I love stained glass; I love the Notions of the chapel’s way the colors vibrantly light authentic mission shaped up a room and dance in your responses around the prayereyes.” call controversy. Writing For Stiefel, the prayer-call on the Al Jazeera America controversy was a reminder website, Ian Curran M.T.S. that Duke Chapel is “a Christian building, designed in the ’98, a Methodist theologian who teaches at Georgia shape of a cross. But it has Gwinnett College, noted more meaning than that.” It that Duke Chapel—“with appropriately welcomes all On display: The Class of ’31 marches by the chapel-in-progress. its neo-Gothic architecture, believers and nonbelievers, in

The Chapel of the


Past—and the Future

n his 1939 book, The Architecture of Duke University, English professor William Blackburn noted how unusual it was that a modern university would decide to build a Gothic chapel. Duke Chapel’s vaulted ceiling would balance pressure off its towering walls through arced limestone ribs that come together like a wishbone. Inevitably, the traditionally constructed building would

need a modern restoration. Clay tiles between the limestone ribs in the ceiling have aged, slowly absorbing moisture over the decades and shifting pressure. And the mortar used between the limestone ribs “is very brittle and doesn’t compress, so it can’t transfer the structural load like a newer, flexible mortar would,” says Paul Manning, director of Duke’s Office of Project Management. “So right now as two of these ribs slowly

come together, they begin to reduce the mortar to powder.” Illinois-based Wiss, Janney, Elstner Associates, which is handling the chapel restoration, specializes in the repair of historic structures. In recent years, it has restored the Washington Monument and the National Cathedral. Duke will use the yearlong closure to do work beyond the ceiling. Nine stained-glass windows will have their glass pieces removed and cleaned

and their lead caning repaired. Red Oak wood molding in the building’s chancel and transepts will be reconditioned. And crews will replace the chapel’s original roof, which is covered with lead-coated copper. “When all is said and done, the best outcome for this project will be that nobody can tell what we did—inside or out,” says Manning. —adapted from a Working@ Duke report by Bryan Roth




Jared Lazarus

an institutional, chapel-led embrace of his identity: “We were his view, “much as Duke itself has expanded to be a place of praying in a building that was our space as much as anyone tolerance and love.” else’s.” Since then, Muslim students have outgrown the crypt But the controversy highlighted that for some, everything else as a prayer site; they now use the chapel basement for prayer. the chapel does is ancillary to its role in Christian worship. As the The chapel was the site of Safi’s wedding, across faith boundepisode was playing out, the dean of the divinity school, Richard aries, presided over by religion professor (now emeritus) Bruce Hays, wrote a letter to the Duke Divinity School community. Lawrence, who is also a Christian minister. “It was a proper He reminded his constituency that the school and the chapel— Christian service that very subtly incorporated exquisite referwhile physical neighbors—function administratively as separate ences to the Islamic tradition,” Safi recalls. “And, from my point entities. The school had no role in the original decision (or the of view, it was a pretty historic occasion. It was the first time the reversal). He noted that “Duke University is quite properly a Qur’an was recited from the altar of the Duke Chapel.” place where people of many different faiths, as well as those of no With the prayer-call controversy having receded, Safi continreligious faith, work and study together.” But he questioned the ues to question whether the chapel should follow a model of “wisdom and propriety” of allowing the Duke Chapel to be used “hospitality” or one of “citizenship.” In his words, “We tend to as “a minaret for Muslim proclamation.” The chapel “was constructed with explicitly Christian iconography,” he wrote, “and it think about hospitality as a display of kindness, of generosity. has a long history of explicitly Christian worship.” Hospitality is preferable to having someone tell you that you In his divinity school office, about don’t belong here. However, hospitality two months later, Hays reaches for contains the assumption that this is really some people’s house, and those people a letter he had just received. It came have a privilege—there’s my least favorfrom a 1949 alumna. “I entered Duke ite word.” Duke Chapel, in his view, is long ago, as a sixteen-year-old, attending in part because my parents felt “like the larger Duke, a place that has a that the Methodist connection would Christian origin but today serves a larger, global community.” be a stabilizing factor for me,” reads Even if the announcement of the the letter. “That proved to be so.” prayer call didn’t bring “unity,” he says, Hays talks about how his own neither did the earlier decision to acspiritual development was encouraged, at Yale University, by William commodate same-sex unions. “At certain Sloane Coffin. Coffin was the longtimes and in certain places, we decide to time campus chaplain, an outspoken take a stand. At a time when, all around champion of civil rights and oppothe world, some are fostering a notion nent of the Vietnam War. “He took of inherent conflict between Christianity and Islam, this would have been a those positions out of a very robustly powerful and beautiful message about and explicitly Christian theological Powery: Conceiving “the great loving church” the kind of community we are at Duke.” stance. If you went to Battell Chapel Powerful and beautiful might define on Sunday morning, you would hear the chapel, which is dealing with the yearlong restoration prohim preaching out of the Bible. He wasn’t just a political activist. He was a theologically informed Christian pastor.” cess, various venue changes for its high-profile activities, and the Likewise the historic power of Duke Chapel comes from the interruption of a long legacy: the chapel as a romantic touchstone. The chapel does seventy-five to eighty-five weddings a fact that it’s not just “some kind of big auditorium.” There’s year, according to its wedding planner, Sara Clark M.T.S. ’09. that long Christian association, and there’s also the appropriate (She and her husband, Banks Clark M.T.S. ’12, count them“hospitality” to a wider university community, Hays says. “The selves among the chapel marriages.) About three-quarters of interesting question is what it means for Duke to maintain a those ceremonies involve alumni; most of the rest are university Christian worship space at the heart of its identity, given the employees. pluralism of the contemporary university. I think Duke sends She hears the sweetly serendipitous stories—the couple who rather mixed signals about that these days. For the people who met sitting next to each other at opening convocation in the value it, it feels like an important and precious aspect of the chapel and who returned there to get married. She runs across university’s identity and heritage. But for those who don’t identify with that tradition, the significance of the chapel is unclear those who feed off a familiar Duke ritual, student “tenting” for and open to various interpretations. basketball games: They camp outside the chapel to claim a spot “My own view is that the wisest course is for the chapel unfor a busy weekend. And she grapples with the occasional offambiguously to maintain its Christian roots and identity, while beat request: How about removing the altar or obscuring the also seeking to encourage—in the words of the opening para(fixed-in-place) cross in the chancel? How about allowing a pet graph of the university’s bylaws, as revised in 2014—‘a rigorous dog to serve as ring-bearer? How about placing candles at the scholarly community characterized by generous hospitality toend of every pew? (No, no, and no.) wards diverse religious and cultural traditions.’ ” Weddings are basic to the work of Duke Chapel; the chapel’s even more basic work happens every Sunday, when it However Omid Safi interprets Duke Chapel, it comes from draws some 500 worshippers. It reaches many more through a long acquaintance. Safi ’92, Ph.D. ’99 is director of Duke’s live-streaming and radio, particularly on Christmas Eve. For the Islamic Studies Center. As a student, he pushed successfully to chapel’s director of worship, Meghan Feldmeyer Benson, the have Muslim students pray in the chapel crypt. He recalls the relocations of worship services, with the upcoming academic space as “medieval, awesome, and slightly spooky.” Still, it was 28

Elysia Su ’15/The Chronicle

Boundary-crossing is a very Luke Powery thing; it’s embedded in how he has been articulating his role and the role of the chapel. In considering the deanship, he was drawn to the variety of activities: preaching, teaching, research, pastoral care. In his installation sermon, he talked about big, boundary-crossing dreams for the chapel: “an international, intercultural, interracial, interethnic, interdenominational religious space where the organ and steel drums are liturgical best friends.” That and “a ministerial world for high-church folks, low-church folks, and no-church folks through which we transgress the normal boundaries of stereotypical difference.” Others may place their own boundary lines on the chapel. He’s fine with that. “There are various roles served by Duke Chapel. It’s a symbol of the university. And like any symbol, it can mean many things. I think disagreement is fine. But we need to learn how to disagree lovingly. We hear that James B. Duke quote about the great towering church. My hope is that we become known as the great loving church.” In the past academic year, Powery unveiled a strategic plan with an expansive understanding of the chapel’s work: “Through worship, student ministry, community connection, interfaith engagement, and the arts, Duke Chapel stands as a beacon of Christian hope that bridges faith (religio) and learning (eruditio).” In the Sacred Space program, he talked about the chapel not just as a beacon or a bridge, but also as a place for people seeking sanctuary in ways, as he put it, known only to God. Often when he walks through the main sanctuary, he said, he comes across someone sitting by herself or himself in a pew. “What has brought them to this space? I don’t know. But I am grateful that this human being—this child of God, created in the image of God—has found this building to be a place of refuge, a sacred space set aside from the busyness of life where prayers can be lifted and joys and pains contemplated in peace.” n

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Same rallying point, different eras: Supporting the Muslim community, above, and protesting investment in South Africa, left

year, are a step into the unknown. (Benson leaves the chapel this summer for a position with the divinity school.) Those alternative sites will not convey, as the chapel space does, “a sense of exultation and glory,” she says. “If you think of church architecture, that’s what it does: The soaring ceilings, the stained glass are designed to turn your gaze upward and to allow you to have an encounter with God.” Sunday morning encounters with God—through the avenue of worship services—shift this summer to Baldwin Auditorium, and then to Page Auditorium. The divinity school’s Goodson Chapel is the temporary site for Thursday evening vespers services. For Powery, such adjustments are opportunities “to think about what it means to be the chapel community.” This summer’s preachers will include local leaders; next spring, the chapel will join with Habitat for Humanity to put up a house in Durham. “The building is a tool to help us live our mission. But we can do our mission outside this building.” For inspiration, as he said in his installation sermon, he looks to his father, a minister, who once “started a little congregation called the Cathedral of Care.”




A Feather in His Cap Redrawing the avian family tree took a globally connected, massively collaborative, four-year effort. Here’s how Duke neurobiologist Erich Jarvis became one of the researchers who led the way. By Karl Leif Bates


he tsunamis have subsided and the continent-sized forest fires have burned out. Gone are the giant dinosaurs and three-quarters of all the other plant and animal species on Earth. They’ve been done in by the cold and dark of 750,000 years of heightened volcanism and the coup de grâce delivered by a six-mile-wide asteroid slamming into what is now Mexico. But there on a beach is a cluster of scrappy, versatile little dinosaurs scratching out a living on what’s left over. They can eat most anything they find in the tidal zone. And perhaps most important, they’re able to fly to seek better habitats and encounter other groups of birds. Probably resembling a modern plover, these beachcombers are the ancestors of the 10,000 species of birds we know today, from pinkie-sized hummingbirds to seven-foot-tall ostriches. This story emerges from a gene-sequencing effort of unprecedented ambition and scope that published twenty-eight papers


Illustrations by Gaby D’Alessandro

simultaneously in coordinated special issues of Science, Genome Biology, and GigaScience this past December. The global, four-year collaboration sets the origin of modern birds at half the age some paleontologists have argued and reorganizes major portions of the bird family tree. Taken together, this redrawn avian phylogeny— or family tree—offers new insights into the evolution of flight and singing, the way chickens lost their teeth, the often dramatic differences between males and females, and the historical thread that links birds and crocodiles to their dinosaur forbears. At the center of the scientific effort, communicating, guiding research and writing, and calmly mediating disputes, was Duke neurobiologist Erich Jarvis, who was one of three scientists leading the massive collaboration. More than simply upsetting the birdworld’s apple cart, this simultaneous analysis of forty-eight whole genomes shows how to get at some of the deeper secrets of all evolving genomes. And it marks a

new age of truly global, hyper-connected, big-data science. The international project began in China and spread across more than twenty countries. Collaborating scientists were never all in the same room, and many never even met in person. They created and shared enormous amounts of data that required supercomputers and new statistical techniques just to parse. “The thing that blew me away was the organizational magnitude of this study,” says Alan Feduccia, professor emeritus and former chair of biology at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, who first proposed this sort of rapid bird evolution in the 1970s and has tracked Jarvis’ career for the last fifteen years. “Twenty-eight studies published within a week, 200 scientists involved, supercomputers, which represent something like over 400 years of computing time, forty-eight new avian genomes. I’m like, holy cow, this is a brave new world here we’re dealing with!” Jarvis isn’t a systematist—a person who classifies species into family trees. He isn’t an evolutionary biologist or paleontolo32

gist either. He isn’t even all that interested in birds. To him, this enormous effort was merely a means to an end. Jarvis is a brain scientist who has devoted his career to using the bird brain as a model for how speech works in the human brain. He wanted to see how three or four families of vocal-learning birds are related to one another and

ed,’ depends on which version of the bird phylogeny you trust,” he adds. Over the past decade, Jarvis’ quest for speech-related genes had led him to participate in genome sequencing of the zebra finch, a songbird that’s a laboratory mainstay, and the Budgerigar, a small Australian parrot sold in American pet shops as the parakeet. The zebra finch genome, which was published in 2010, cost about $8 million. The budgie genome was done

“Twenty-eight studies published within a week, 200 scientists involved, supercomputers, which represent something like over 400 years of computing time, forty-eight new avian genomes. I’m like, holy cow, this is a brave new world here we’re dealing with!” what genes they used to make speech. He also needed some closely related non-vocal-learning bird species for comparison to see what parts of the genome were different. “But the concept of ‘closely relat-

as a test of three competing technologies, resulting in a Duke bird named Mister B becoming the most-sequenced vertebrate to date, with more than 300 complete readings of its genome.

Whole-Genomes Draw a Different Tree

The new family tree of birds rests on whole-genome analysis. Phylogeny for birds and other organisms always has been based on painstaking evaluation of the few available fossils, buttressed since the 1970s by molecular comparisons of selected proteins or a handful of shared genes. But this new tree is based on scanning every last letter of DNA, 1.2 billion letters of genes and non-genes, in forty-eight bird species representing every major order. For example, you could draw a pretty convincing family tree of American automobiles by just comparing tail lights and steering wheels, a small, but distinguishing sample of their total parts. By contrast, whole-genome analysis is like having the serial number of every one of the 30,000 parts in each vehicle. By comparing these huge data sets carefully with big computers and some purposebuilt statistical algorithms, you’d be able to see that a Ford pickup and a Ford Mustang share many parts and had a common ancestor in the past. You might puzzle over how a Chevy pickup and a Ford pickup ended up being so similar despite having come from different lineages. And you’d probably struggle to sort out features like all the cupholders in those minivans. Do they look alike because they all came from the same parent, or did they independently evolve to the same basic shape? So it is with whole-genome analysis of the birds. The picture has changed but is still far from resolved, and the arguments and reanalysis will persist for quite a while.

Through efforts like this and the demand for still more genomes, the technology for doing “whole-genome” sequencing—absolutely every letter of DNA in the animal’s chromosomes—has grown faster, cheaper, and more widely available. Nowhere is that more true than at BGI in Shenzhen, China. Formerly known as the Beijing Genomics Institute, BGI has become the world’s go-to source for ambitious non-human sequencing efforts like this. Just a few weeks before the bird phylogeny was published, Science had an insect phylogeny on its cover that also had been completed by BGI.


n early 2010, Jarvis was looking for more vocal-learning genomes. In the hopes of getting the right birds sequenced, he “selfishly” accepted an invitation to become involved with an international consortium called G10K, which hopes to sequence 10,000 vertebrate genomes. At about the same time, Copenhagen colleagues Guojie Zhang and M. Thomas P. Gilbert were talking about the bird-sequencing project they could get funded at

BGI. Zhang is an evolutionary biologist with appointments at both the University of Copenhagen and BGI. British-born and Oxford-educated Gilbert is an ancient-DNA specialist at the Natural History Museum of Denmark. The Copenhagen scientists set their sights on the scruffy, unloved urban pigeon as their first project, but it proved difficult to place on the overall bird phylogeny. Then, like Jarvis, they hit on the idea of joining forces with the G10K to add more birds for sequencing. For one thing, a lot of the sequencing the project needed was starting to be done at BGI, where Zhang is associate director of the GeneBank that would be doing the DNA sequencing and much of the computer science. “Guojie writes to Steve O’Brien, who’s the big overall boss of G10K,” Tom Gilbert recalls. “Steve says, ‘Great idea, let’s involve the actual bird people in G10K.’ He cc’s Erich and Klaus-Peter Koepfli and Warren Johnson [both of the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute in the U.S.]. Very quickly, Erich became the most enthusiastic person. He became very talkative on e-mail at this point, and he basically listed the ten or so species that the bird group of the G10K were planning to send to BGI, which were not

all picked for phylogenetic reasons; about half were picked because they were people’s favorite birds for whatever they were doing.” Jarvis was guilty of that, of course; he mainly wanted his vocal birds. Others had their own pet reasons. But this approach wouldn’t be the best way to answer family-tree questions, Gilbert explains. If they were going to go to all this trouble, they might as well also resolve the long-simmering debate over whether modern bird species are 66 million or 100 million years old. Jarvis, Zhang, and Gilbert compared their lists and realized half of the species overlapped and that, if they replaced the overlap with other species, they would have twenty species across the phylogeny. Some of these were already being sequenced in other collaborations with BGI. It seemed that re-mapping the bird family tree with these whole-genome sequences might be within reach if they could get the right birds. “Basically at this point, Guojie started saying, ‘Okay, we can do one more, we can do one more,’ ” Gilbert says. “ ‘It’d be really great to include this one.’ ” Relatively soon, they were up to forty-five new species to add to the previously published chicken, turkey, and zebra finch. DUKE MAGAZINE




etting fresh, useful DNA from obscure birds, living and dead, to represent every major order of the bird family tree turned out to be easier said than done. For Macqueen’s bustard and the yellow-throated sand grouse, Gilbert recalls, “I put one of my students on a plane and flew them over to Sharjah [a bird sanctuary an hour from Dubai] for a day to go to this breeding center and let them bleed the birds and bring back the DNA.” After weeks of persuasive telephone calls with a stubborn zookeeper who held the rare and elusive cuckoo roller, “I put one of my grad students in the car and said, ‘Drive 1,000 kilometers to southern Germany, go to this vet, and get the damn sample.’ ” At Duke, Jarvis and his research analyst, Jason Howard, obtained samples from collections at Louisiana State University, the Field Museum of Chicago, the Carolina Raptor Center, and the North Carolina Zoo in Asheboro. Most of those samples then came, carefully packed in dry ice, to Duke or to Copenhagen for DNA extraction. Working quickly with a hard-won vial of Songbirds, parrots, and humans are rare in the animal kingdom for their ability to hear fluid or a small chunk of flesh communication and then repeat it with accurate syntax and pronunciation. Whales and marking labels carefully at and elephants can do this trick, too, but they’re not very practical laboratory animals. each step of the process, the labs Knowing what genetic tools are involved in the bird brain’s speech systems will help ran an exacting series of steps to Erich Jarvis greatly to tease out each step of the process in humans. Eight of the liberate high-quality pure DNA. twenty-eight papers published as a result of the gene-sequencing effort were devoted This effort now continues on to vocal learning. more bird species with a team of The most striking finding from these vocal-learning papers is that there is a consistent undergraduates led by Jarvis lab set of just over fifty genes in the brains of humans and vocal-learning birds that show research analyst Carole Parent. higher or lower activity. It’s not the presence or absence of these genes that matters, “But the DNA extraction is but their activity, Jarvis explains. “You can find those same fifty genes in the genomes only the first step of the long of all species, but they’re active at much higher or lower levels in the specialized song march,” Zhang says. The DNA or speech brain regions of vocal-learning birds and humans. What this suggests to vials were then shipped to BGI me is that when vocal learning evolves, there may be a limited way in which the brain for state-of-the-art sequencing circuits can evolve.” in a bank of expensive machines Jarvis says the new phylogeny shows that vocal learning evolved two to four times in that can tease out every one of the the birds, and each time, the problem was solved by a similar approach. These patterns 1.2 billion As, Ts, Cs, and Gs of are not found in the brains of non-vocal-learning birds, nor in non-human primates. a bird’s DNA. After quality control and library-building, which takes several weeks for each sample, whole-genome sequencing captures the bird’s 14,000 genes, plus all there are all sorts of problems,” Gilbert worked for two more years on the stanthe other DNA that controls when and says. “It turns out you can’t just compare dardization problem for genome aligngenomes and genomes, you’ve got to do ments, annotations, and generating trees. how genes are operated. By January 2011, most of the speci- standardization.” They had terabytes of At one point Zhang’s group devoted mens had been lined up. By March, the mismatched data, and the differences twenty people for a solid month just to DNA was off to China. By July, it was they were looking for could have been as build a database that could recalibrate pure genomic data—vast, confusing, con- small as one letter. The three leaders laugh all the data. “You don’t see this in the fitradictory, but potentially richer than any now at their expectation that they’d have a nal data because it’s just quality-control story ever told about the birds. “We start phylogeny published by the end of 2011. things, these mundane, basic tasks,” Gildoing initial analyses, and we’re finding Computer scientists from several labs bert says.

Listen and learn


To hear Jarvis tell it, his co-leadership of the consortium just sort of happened. As the project began to mushroom, “we invited additional experts who could add valuable insights to join the project,” Jarvis says. Each week, he sent out an agenda and chaired the weekly conference with Zhang and Gilbert, a one- to two-hour virtual meeting with data and graphs that grew to twenty or thirty scientists at times. After each conference, there would be a flurry of follow-up calls and e-mails. “Erich and I had many phone calls before and after the weekly conference calls about what needed to be done,” says Tandy Warnow, the Founder Professor of bioengineering and computer science at the University of Illinois, who was brought in to guide the computational and statistical challenge of drawing a phylogeny of unprecedented proportions. “This was neither a hardware problem nor a software problem. It was a statistical estimation problem that required a fundamentally different approach.” Of course, Jarvis isn’t an expert in these areas either. “Erich could have chosen to ignore these analytical challenges,” Warnow says. “But he wanted to understand all the mathematical issues involved, why the trees we were producing turned out differently, and what the differences implied about what was going on in the avian evolutionary history. So he did a very wise thing: He called on the people who understood the mathematical issues, me and my student Siavash Mirabab and Ed Braun, a [University of Florida] biologist who has a very good understanding of statistical issues, to explain the issues and help resolve debates within the group.” Some of the career bird systematists began to resent seeing non-systematists in the leadership of a new phylogeny. Mutinies were quietly proposed along the margins. Jarvis put out fires, settled disputes, made people feel they were being heard, and kept the scientific army advancing. “Part of the goal is to let people talk,” says Jarvis, who is supported by the Howard Hughes Medical Institute and several grants from the National Institutes of Health. “To get their word in. To make sure that their important opinion is heard and dealt with, because if it wasn’t dealt with, we couldn’t get consensus, and we couldn’t get agreement to have a paper that all these people could sign off on.” The volume of e-mail—nuanced, detailed, well-reasoned, prickly or argumentative—is more than Jarvis cares to recall.

For two years, additional scientific groups around the world were enlisted to analyze parts of the data, spinning out a constellation of papers about penguins, ibises, viral remnants, colored plumage, and so forth, and swelling the numbers of collaborators and e-mails still further. With colleagues on every continent except Antarctica, the sun never set on this collaboration. “Waking up in the morning, I would have a series of e-mails I’d have to deal with,” Jarvis says. “I’d go from my bed to my desk, which is in my room. It was a bunch of e-mails about folks in the lab and outside the lab, phone calls, contacts with editors of course, and then evaluat-

“I made sure that once I got to 3 a.m. I’d force myself to go to bed. Because I know if I stay up past 3 a.m., I am not good for the rest of the day.”

ing and steering the actual experiments and data analyses. And then once I’m done with the morning work, I’d come to the lab, talk to the people in the lab, manage projects here, and so forth. By the afternoon, I’m dealing with more e-mails from the phylogenomics group. Then I go eat. I go to my Cobo brothers dance class to de-stress or go out salsa dancing, and after that I go back home and take care of what I need to do in the evening before going to sleep. I do that over and over again.” He worked until at least midnight for two solid years. “I made sure that once I got to 3 a.m. I’d force myself to go to bed. Because I know if I stay up past 3 a.m., I am not good for the rest of the day.” As draft papers emerged and timelines for a December 2014 wave of publications were set, Jarvis’ role grew to include negotiating with several journal editors

on one side, and on the other “keeping things together, pre-reviewing all the papers, and keeping collaborations intact, as well as helping to actually steer the direction of the research in other people’s labs, not just my own.” He pre-reviewed all of the papers, even the ones he wasn’t an author on. “I’ve never seen Erich lose his cool,” Gilbert says. “It’s quite amazing. Maybe it’s because he was always exhausted. I do wonder if he slept.” The bird consortium has pioneered new analytical tools that other research groups can exploit, and it has uncovered some important new details of how rapid evolution happens at the genomic scale. The effort will be moving on with the same three leaders, though it may shrink a bit for practicality, and it will keep sequencing more bird genomes. “If the next tree turns out to be the same kind of tree, we can change the classification of birds, and that will change the birders’ checklists and who knows what,” a better-rested Jarvis says in his sunny Bryan Research Building office, surrounded by academic honors and bird books. “That is a big deal.” The rest of us will have to get used to these papers with 100 authors, UNC’s Feduccia says, because this is how big-data science is going to play out. “The thing that’s so impressive about Erich’s work is that, not only is he a brilliant scientist, beyond question, but this new style of research takes Herculean organizational skill, and he apparently has it.” “I’ve stopped thinking of the boundaries of my four rooms as my lab,” Jarvis says. “I have more control over what’s happening here than anywhere else. But from a psychological point of view, my boundaries have expanded to other labs at Duke, to the rest of Duke, to other universities in the United States, and the rest of the world. To do big projects, you have to pull down both physical and mental barriers and work with ‘We the Scientist’ more than ‘I the Scientist.’ ” n Bates is the director of research communications for Duke. He previously has written about conservation efforts in Madagascar and evolutionary biology for the magazine. Follow @ErichJarvis on Twitter: Since the Avian Phylogeny papers launched this past December, Jarvis has been posting a series of tweets explaining the findings. DUKE MAGAZINE



The Legal Burden As she tries to help a man gain his freedom, a law student struggles to find her place in the justice system. By Elizabeth Van Brocklin


Derrick,” Jindal says. “We speculate that the police went out and canvassed the neighborhood. These inconsistencies are ones we would expect the police to follow up on.” “As an attorney, you want to give Lost youth: McRae at sixteen the jury a coherent narrative,” she adds. “The stories aren’t lining up together, and if they’re not lining up, then maybe they’re not the truth.” Jindal is enrolled in the Wrongful Convictions Clinic, one of the law school’s ten legal clinics. Each semester, about ten students help clinical faculty investigate real-life wrongful convictions cases. For the past eight months, Jindal has been helping build McRae’s defense. Today, she’s focused on preparing for the evidentiary hearing, which is set for the first three days of December. Persuading a judge to overturn a life sentence for first-degree murder is extremely rare, and Jindal knows that. Despite the odds, she’s thrown herself wholly into winning freedom for McRae. As the case unfolds, it takes a toll on her psyche, prompting questions about whether she’d be able to handle this work in the long-term. Jindal is petite and brown-eyed. From a chain around her neck, a gold pendant floats over the crewneck of her Duke Law sweatshirt, like a small minnow in a blue sea. A gift from her mother, the pendant depicts the Hindu goddess Durga, protector of the weak. This afternoon, she’s settled in the modest clinic space, at an oval table dotted with three-ring binders stuffed with case files. Across the room, a poster shows five beaming men who’ve been released from prison—the clinic’s success stories. In the opposite corner, beside a ticking clock, a police lineup of young black men slump gloomily in a black-and-white photo—one of them has been incarcerated since 1976. The clinic lost his case last year. Trial run: Jindal in One hundred and forty-one miles east of where Jindal sits in the law school, in a cell at Alexander Correcthe law school’s tional Institution, Derrick McRae is waiting. moot court room Courtesy Teresa Newman

HE ELEVEN witness statements, written in black ink on white paper, all told different stories of the night Jeremy Rankin was killed in the fall of 1995 in Rockingham, North Carolina. They differed in the exact time and place of the murder, the identity of the shooter, and the motive behind the crime. Mismatched as the statements appeared to be, together they anchored the case against Derrick McRae, who was sentenced to life in prison for the crime in 1998. Sixteen years later, the statements have passed over the desks of police officers, prosecuting attorneys, and defense lawyers, until recently landing in the hands of second-year Duke law student Jyoti Jindal. In addition to the statements, she also has inherited shelves of notebooks, files, and binders, thousands of pages that describe why the case is flawed and why McRae is innocent. It’s late November 2014. Most students have gone home for Thanksgiving, but Jindal is spending the break here, in the depths of the law school, examining the statements and noting their specifics in a spreadsheet on her laptop. The brightness of a streetlamp, the exact caliber of a handgun, the red color of a truck—she knows that any minor detail may tip the scales in the defense’s favor. “All of these statements came forth in a period of about ten days, and they all inculpate

Les Todd




The Fight Continues


Jeremy Lange

INDAL WAS BORN in the winter of 1990 in northern India to a doctor father who served the indigent and a mother who taught math to local children. Her memories of India are fragmentary, dreamlike: a collection of peacock feathers; sleeping on the rooftop during hot Punjabi summer nights. When she was no more than six years old, she had to memorize the multiplication tables and recite them backwards at school. One day, she made a mistake while reciting multiples of seven. The principal, who happened to be visiting class, swiftly slapped her. “I was so upset,” she remembers. “I went home and told my mom, and she was so upset that she didn’t send me back to the school.” Not long after this early run-in with injustice, a seven-year-old Jindal immigrated to the United States. As a second-grader in Reston, Virginia, she latched on to lessons about the American Revolution and the civil rights movement, the ideals of freedom, equality, and justice making an impression even then. In the following years, she continued flying back to India to visit family, and she began to take more notice of the contrasts between the two countries, including Making it right: Jamie Lau, left, and Theresa Newman supervise the Wrongful Convictions Clinic, along with James Coleman. the degree of opportunities available to women. Jindal attended the University of Virginia, majoring in biology and art history with plans to become a doctor. She liked science, but eventually she decided health “It is better that ten guilty escape than that one innocent suffer,” care wasn’t a good fit. She shifted her focus said William Blackstone, one of the most influential legal theorists of to the law and politics, particularly enamthe eighteenth century. This is an underlying tenet of Duke’s Wrongored with Thomas Jefferson’s stress on civic ful Convictions Clinic. The clinic investigates and litigates claims on participation. After graduating, she worked behalf of North Carolina inmates claiming innocence. The clinic for President Obama’s re-election campaign has exonerated five men since 2010. and interned for a congressman. In August Once a person is exonerated, it’s only half the fight. After years 2012, she arrived at Duke Law with plans to away from society, some exonerees struggle with depression, stigbecome a campaign-finance lawyer. ma, unemployment, and reconnecting with their families. In an During orientation, she and several huneffort to support exonerees, Duke’s student-led Innocence Project dred other rookie law students watched The helps them reintegrate into society. The Wrongful Convictions Clinic Trials of Darryl Hunt, a documentary about a and Innocence Project are both part of the Center for Criminal Jusman’s decades-long fight for justice in Wintice & Professional Responsibility, which is dedicated to improving ston-Salem. Afterward, the students directthe accuracy of the criminal-justice system. ed questions at Darryl Hunt and LaMonte


people have been exonerated in the United States since 1989, according to the University of Michigan’s National Registry of Exonerations.

Armstrong. Both men had been ripped away from their lives, from families and bright futures, for crimes they had nothing to do with. Since his release in 2004, Hunt had devoted himself to working with other people who were wrongfully convicted. Armstrong was newer to freedom, as the Wrongful Convictions Clinic had just won his case earlier that summer. They talked about how it felt to be in prison and to know they were innocent, and how it felt to finally be released. Jindal was one of many students who cried. The men’s stories hit her so strongly, the glaring injustice was so overwhelming, that she ruled out signing up for Duke’s Innocence Project, the student-led group that screens cases before referring them to the clinic. I can’t do that, she thought. I’m going to be so emotionally distraught. She doubted herself in other areas, too. A voice within told her she didn’t belong at law school, that she wasn’t smart enough. She was sure she would fail her exams. However, when she received her grades, she was pleasantly surprised: She had done well. Maybe she was supposed to be here after all. By the end of her first year, she felt better prepared by her legal education, and the Wrongful Convictions Clinic didn’t seem quite as daunting. “I wasn’t just going to be a bystander. I wasn’t just watching the injustices happen, I was going to help change them,” she recalls. She applied for a summer internship with the clinic, and she was assigned to State of North Carolina v. Derrick Jovan McRae.

N 1995, halfway around the world from where Jindal was committing multiplication tables to memory in India, a young white man named Jeremy Rankin was found dead on the front porch of a house in Rockingham, a small former mill town seventy miles southeast of Charlotte. There was a close-range bullet wound to his head, a crack pipe and spent shell casing at his side. Four months later, police arrested Derrick McRae, a black sixteen-year-old from the nearby projects, and sent him to the Richmond County Jail. People in the community knew McRae to be shy, quiet, and a little odd, but not everyone understood that his antisocial behavior was a sign of emerging mental illness. As he awaited trial over the next two and a half years in jail, the stressful environment caused his mental health to worsen. He was repeatedly shuttled to and from Dorothea Dix Hospital, the psychiatric hospital in Raleigh, where his treating psychiatrist observed his repetitive hand gestures, hallucinations, abysmal hygiene, delayed response to outside stimuli, and difficulty separating reality from the chaos reigning inside his head. She rated him in the lowest range of functioning and described him as one of the most severely mentally ill people she had ever evaluated. By the time of his trial in 1998, McRae had been diagnosed as paranoid schizophrenic and psychotic. He was found incompetent to stand trial three times, until he was forcibly medicated and then ruled competent. At his first trial, the jury deadlocked 8 to 4 in favor of acquittal. At his second trial, McRae was sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole. He was nineteen.

AST SUMMER, Jindal lived and breathed the case. From the windowless clinic room at Duke, powered by cup after cup of unsweetened black coffee with cream, she tracked down health records, interviewed witnesses, and studied old memos from students who had worked on the case before her. She also assembled the witness binders— containing all the exhibits, information, and notes relevant to a particular witness—which she organized meticulously and memorized. She and other students worked alongside Theresa Newman J.D. ’88, James Coleman, and Jamie Lau J.D. ’09, clinical faculty members who supervise the Wrongful Convictions Clinic. Newman had been leading the work on McRae’s defense since 2006, when it was referred to her by the North Carolina Center on Actual Innocence, a nonprofit that screens cases and refers them to innocence projects at North Carolina universities. When Jindal joined the team, Lau had taken the co-lead on the case, and the lawyers were in the final stretch leading to the hearing. As she familiarized herself with the case, a disturbing picture emerged. Back in the 1990s, the state’s prosecutors had relied almost entirely on two witnesses: Edward Tender and Thurman Nelson. Tender met McRae while they were both in jail. Upon agreeing to testify against McRae, Tender had the bulk of his charges reduced or dismissed. At trial, Tender said McRae had confessed to being the shooter; that he was a book-smart follower of black revolutionaries Malcolm X and Stokely Carmichael; and that McRae had told him “all white people needed to die.” Tender’s vanishing charges, as well as his divergent description of McRae, indicated to Newman that he might be a classic jailhouse informant—a person who offers incriminating testimony to the police in exchange for favorable treatment. (Newman confirmed her suspicions in 2009, when she and a then-law student, Leigh Llewelyn J.D. ’12, met Tender for DUKE MAGAZINE



McRae and Nelson approach the house with handguns, shoot Rankin, and walk away. Both men were initially charged with the murder. Unlike McRae, whose family could not afford a private lawyer, Nelson recently had come into some money after his mother died in a fire at the poultry processing plant where she worked. The settlement allowed him to post bond and hire one of the area’s foremost attorneys. At trial, he testified that McRae had killed Rankin for cheating him in a drug deal. Afterward, several of Nelson’s pending charges, including the one for first-degree murder, were dismissed. Then there were the eight people who came forward months after the murder, apparently with no prompting and all in a short period of time, to give statements to the police. “What that signals to me, as a post-conviction lawyer, is that someone is giving them Derrick’s name,” Newman says. Like Tender and Nelson, all of these people had pending charges that were “It’s not just that ’s life has reduced or dismissed after they been ruined by this failure in the criminal-justice system. named McRae as the shooter. “Take all of the statements and lay them out, even the ones that name Derrick,” Newman continues. “They can’t all be true. So how do you pick one? What makes one true and the rest not? It’s of this man’s Nobody did any follow-up investigation.” The state had no other family that have been ruined by this failure.” evidence linking McRae to the crime scene—no DNA, no fingerprints, no murder weapon, and no viable motive. Despite all the obvious cracks Time spent: McRae, lunch in Rockingham. Tender in the state’s case, Jindal quickly learned that the cards were stacked 35, sends handwritten volunteered that he had lied against McRae. notes to the clinic, about McRae’s involvement in “What people like about the law is that it’s rational, it doesn’t often expressing his the murder, and that the state pick sides, it treats everyone fairly. But then you get a case like this, gratitude. had “framed that guy.” Accordyou see that isn’t really the case,” she says. “There are a lot of people ing to Llewelyn’s subsequent afwho are disadvantaged. In this case, it appeared Derrick was preyed fidavit, before leaving the restaurant Tender upon because of his disadvantages to ensure his conviction.” leaned across the table and asked Newman, According to Coleman, the system is naturally slanted toward the state. Judges “Is there anything you can do to help this often are reluctant to disturb a jury verdict, especially in a criminal case, because boy?”) it implicitly criticizes the system of which they’re a part. Newman found the second key witness “There’s no stand-alone claim of innocence,” says Lau, supervising attorney equally troubling. Thurman Nelson was a for the clinic and head litigator for the McRae case. “Innocence is not enough. childhood friend of McRae’s. After Rankin’s You have to prove more. You have to prove that there was some flaw in his conviction that would make it be overturned.” Even when it’s painfully obvious to murder, an eyewitness claimed he’d seen both

this individual

Jeremy Lange



them that their client is innocent, the attorneys still have to jump through all the proper legal hoops, often waiting years to see any movement in the court system. Last summer, however, McRae’s case appeared to be inching forward when the defense team attended a preliminary hearing in Rockingham in July. It was the first time Jindal met McRae in person. She felt a maternal instinct to protect the shy, stocky man in an orange jumpsuit, who kept his head down during the proceedings. Although he was now thirty-five years old, “he was almost sixteen in the way he carried himself and spoke,” she says. At that moment, she finally understood what Newman had been saying: It was like McRae was stuck in 1995, when it all began. At summer’s end, Lau asked Jindal to continue working on the case. It would be a rare opportunity to be so heavily involved in a hearing. Still, she hesitated: It was a tremendous responsibility, and she already had a lot of other involvements. For about a week, she weighed the pros and cons carefully. Then she thought about McRae and the handwritten letters he frequently sent to the clinic. The carefully printed words spelled his naiveté about the corruption involved in his case (he’d ask the team to say hello to “my best friend Thurman Nelson”), as well as his unconditional gratitude toward the Duke lawyers (“I love y’all,” he wrote, “even if I don’t get out.”). At the thought of those letters, her decision was suddenly clear. She told them she was in.

DATE FOR THE OFFICIAL HEARING was set for December. After eight years of preparation, the attorneys would have three days to prove their case and enter evidence into the record. By then, McRae would have spent eighteen years behind bars. Jindal’s schedule was packed with classes and activities, including her roles as representative to the Women Law Student Association, staff editor for the Duke Law Journal, coordinator for the moot court competition, and a mentor to firstyear law students. Yet she felt compelled to make the case her priority. While some students were content to put in their few hours with the clinic each week, for Jindal that wasn’t enough. “I’m just not able to do that cursory, minimum commitment,” she says. Some of her other commitments fell by the wayside, and occasionally she missed class to do work for the clinic. During visits home in Virginia, she’d inevitably end up working on the case all weekend, to the irritation of her family. At school, she often was so absorbed in the case that she’d forget to finish eating her lunch. Newman began to joke that a pile of cold fries meant Jindal must be close by, hunkered over the case. As the hearing approached, some nights she stayed working in the clinic classroom until 3:00 in the morning, long after the others had gone home. Other students have struggled to balance their cases with the rest of their lives. Brianna Strange, a third-year law student, worked on the case of Kalvin Michael Smith, also known as the Silk Plant Forest Case. It’s a harrowing tale: In Winston-Salem in 1995, a young white woman was brutally beaten in the artificial-flower shop where she worked, leaving her with lifelong brain damage. A white man with a history of domestic violence was linked to the victim and to the scene, but shortly after the attack he moved to a different town and police dropped him as a suspect. Instead, they arrested Smith, a young black man, though no physical evidence ever placed him at the crime scene. He has been incarcerated ever since. When Strange began working on the case, she talked and thought about it incessantly. “It was really hard to get over the fact that I couldn’t work on this case 24/7,” she says. “This person is in jail. It was hard to do homework for other classes when this felt so much more pressing.” Every visit to see Smith in prison, every legal dead end, was a fresh heartbreak. “It’s very psychologically taxing work,” agrees Ana Apostoleris, a second-year law student, who says she hasn’t yet figured out how to deal with the anger

and frustration of knowing that her two clients have lost decades of their lives. “They were young men in their early twenties—my age—when they went to prison, and now they’re in their forties. And no matter what you do, you can’t give that back to them,” she says. Every conviction, whether the person is guilty or not, reverberates through families and communities, leaving marks that can’t be erased, holes that can’t be filled. With his father locked away, especially for something he seemingly didn’t do, Kalvin Michael Smith’s son grew up defiant of police, according to his grandfather. He recently was sentenced to nine to twelve years in prison for armed robbery. “It’s not just that this individual’s life has been ruined by this failure in the criminal-justice system. It’s generations of this man’s family that have been ruined by this failure,” says Apostoleris. “It’s never isolated.” The lawyers and law students who work on these cases are not spared, either. With practice, they build up immunity to the high-voltage emotions, both for the sake of the case and their own sanity. “It’s always a wrestling match between indifference and bowing under the weight of the thing,” says Leigh Llewelyn, who helped investigate the McRae case when he was a law student. Jindal freely admits that the case has been difficult for her. Often when she talks about it, her large brown eyes blink back tears. “I feel injustices very deeply. I feel them as if they are my own, even if I don’t feel them to the same degree,” she says. Though most Wrongful Convictions Clinic students do not end up in criminal justice, they still will go on to occupy a place in the legal universe. “Some of our law students will go on to be judges, some will go on to be academics, some may become lawmakers themselves, and others will work in corporate law firms that have pro bono opportunities where they can become involved potentially in the criminal-justice system,” says Lau. What they learn in the clinic may shape the way they choose to practice, whatever form that practice takes. While it’s been hard on Jindal to witness the destructive side of the law, it has also presented her with a choice—and a responsibility. The system, after all, is made up of individuals, whose job it is “to stand in the gap between the way things are and the way things should be,” says Llewelyn. He thinks the business of being a lawyer is built on shouldering some of your client’s weight. “You’re going to them, often in the worst moment in their life, and you say, ‘I know this is difficult for you, and now it’s my difDUKE MAGAZINE



ficulty. You don’t have to worry about this anymore.’ ”

HE DEFENSE would like to call Mr. Edward Tender,” says Lau. A short, elderly man with salt-andpepper hair hurries down the center of the courtroom toward the witness stand with a crooked stride. The December hearing finally has arrived, after years of work for the attorneys and months of work for Jindal. She sits on the left side of the courtroom, wearing a fitted black suit and the gold pendant from her mother. At the table in front of her, the three attorneys sit with McRae, who wears a brown argyle sweater and shoes brought by his family. His hair is frayed and twisted into braids, his head angled down toward the spaceships he’s doodling on a yellow legal pad. While outwardly, Jindal appears collected and focused, her mind is racing to interpret what’s happening, to register whether the defense team is winning or losing points. Sometimes the witnesses dodge questions, claim loss of memory, or otherwise don’t cooperate in the way she envisioned they would. In those moments, she smolders silently: Come on, we all know what happened here. You’re under oath. You need to tell the truth. Amid exasperation are flashes of affirmation. Several cardboard boxes containing case files surround her; Jindal knows their contents so intimately she can often predict which document the lawyers will need next. From time to time, she gets an idea of her own, scribbles it on a scrap of paper, hands it to Lau, and quietly glows as he puts it to use before the judge. In those moments, when her own knowledge of the law is put into play, she feels convinced that this is what she wants to do: become the best possible advocate for others. After lunch, Lau calls Edward Tender, one of the state’s two main witnesses at the 1998 trial. Tender has told Lau he’s going to recant his original testimony before the judge, admitting he lied about McRae so many years ago. “Mr. Tender, do you understand that you are still under oath?” asks Judge W. David Lee, gazing down through black squareframed glasses from his elevated bench. “Yes, sir,” nods Tender, taking the witness stand. “Mr. Tender, was your testimony at Mr. McRae’s first and second trial true?” asks Lau. “You know what, I can’t even remember that far back,” says Tender, shaking his head. 42

A murmur ripples through the room, especially among McRae’s family members. Lau reaches for Tender’s signed affidavit, in which he’d recanted his testimony. “Do you have your glasses today?” Lau asks. “No, it’ll be fourteen days before I get them,” says Tender. He seems to have conveniently forgotten his glasses and Lau can’t ask him to read the written transcript without them. Lau is trying to weave a crucial thread, but it seems to be unraveling. A feeling of dread and deflation comes over Jindal; Tender is burying McRae all over again. They have one weapon: an audio recording of Tender admitting to two private investigators that he’d lied back in 1998. No one in the defense team had thought they’d need the recording at the hearing—they had the written transcript, after all—but Jindal had insisted on bringing it. Because Tender is refusing to read, this is their best way to reveal the truth. Lau positions a laptop containing the disc along with two speakers on the witness stand. The scratchy voices of Tender and a private investigator fill the courtroom. The investigator refers to Tender’s testimony from the 1998 trial, in which he’d said McRae was the shooter. Investigator: Was that true? Tender: No, it wasn’t. We were told by the police, they wanted to get Derrick. And so, we were told, you know, that if we told them that they would suspend our sentence. I: So in other words, are you saying the police made up a statement for you? T: Yes, yes they did. I: Why did you do this? T: They had promised us that—matter of fact, I think I was under about $150,000 bond for a bunch of stuff.... They promised me a lenient sentence, which I ended up getting. Tender wears a dour expression as his own voice blares loudly in his ear. The recording continues. I: Now, did you know Derrick McRae? T: I just met him at the jail, but I didn’t know him personally, no...There was something wrong with him, mentally…. I: So actually, your testimony was false? T: Yes. Yes, it was. A heavy silence hangs over the room. McRae’s sister is weeping; his brother storms out of the courtroom, visibly shaken, his cheeks shining with tears. Minutes later, in the women’s restroom, Jindal is crying, too.

OR TWO MONTHS after the hearing, Jindal and the others felt hopeful about how it had gone. To them, the case was open-andshut; there was no doubt that McRae was innocent, and surely Judge Lee would see this. She imagined how, if the result was favorable, she and Lau would drive out to the prison in Taylorsville and reunite McRae with his family in time for Christmas. Disappointingly, the holidays came and went with no word from the judge, and Jindal wondered if that was a bad sign. Even when she tried to distract herself with school and her many other commitments, the case was always lurking in the back of her mind. On the last day in January, Jindal was named editor-in-chief of the Duke Law Journal, which reviews and publishes new legal scholarship. The following Wednesday, she arrived at class a few minutes early and went to check her e-mail. There was a message from Newman, copied to everyone on the defense team. It began, “Tragically, we lost the McRae case....” Jindal felt a mix of shock, fury, and devastation. She quickly opened the at-

“Innocence is not enough. You have to prove more. You have to prove that there was some flaw in his conviction that would make it be overturned.”

tachment containing the judge’s opinion and started to read through his reasoning. But a long day of classes stretched ahead, so she closed the attachment and put up a mental barrier. It wasn’t until that night when Jindal got home that she let herself break into tears. The days that followed were bizarre in their normalcy. She went about her life, attending classes, joking with friends. Her own resiliency struck her as unjust—how could her life go forward while McRae’s was still frozen in time? “It was upsetting that it wasn’t the end of my world. I needed that to happen because it was the only way I could properly mourn what had been lost for Derrick,” she said a few weeks later. “I feel like the system failed him. And it failed him twice. He just didn’t matter, twice. I don’t understand why I’m here and he’s in there.” Newman noticed Jindal’s silence after receiving the news, and it worried her. “Jyoti is very smart and knew this case cold. She knows every piece of evidence and every fact and every shenanigan that the state pulled at their trial. And she knows that [McRae] deserves freedom and justice, and that is very difficult to bear,” says Newman. She is considering bringing in a trauma specialist to talk with her clinic students, “not just when we’re unsuccessful, but when we have to walk away.” Despite their years of experience, Newman, Lau, and Coleman are not immune to grief in the face of setback. But Newman says she keeps a guard in place, a barrier that keeps her “from suffering to an incapacitating degree or even a limiting degree.” And when they do win, the same barrier holds her back from celebrating too much, because she knows she can never restore what her clients have lost. Still, the attorneys plan to keep fighting for McRae. “Not only do we believe he’s innocent, but I am ashamed of how this state convicted him,” says Newman. The attorneys are awaiting a U.S. Supreme Court decision that deems it cruel and unusual punishment to sentence juveniles to life in prison without the possibility of parole. If the Supreme Court decides this ruling applies retroactively, it would apply to McRae. Now thirty-six years old, McRae has been incarcerated for more than half his life. “There’s always one more thing to try. We tell our clients that we’re not going away, that we will keep trying,” says Newman. “If the three of us don’t keep going, then these people we care about and believe to be innocent will likely not get out. There are very few people doing this work.” Six blackand-white photographs are pinned above Newman’s desk. She believes each face to be a wrongfully convicted man— all cases in progress. “I’m not leaving Duke until they all get out, but it’s becoming more difficult to do that,” she says. Jeremy Lange

Jindal was not as convinced that she should keep fighting. With all her other commitments, she didn’t have enough time to devote herself to it entirely. And despite all her work, they hadn’t won; McRae was in no better shape than he was before she’d gotten involved. She thought maybe it was best that she step down and let another student take the lead. “I need time to be able to think things through,” she said a few weeks after the verdict. “I carry things with me.” “But see, it’s hard, because I feel like I’m…” she falters, clearly torn. “It feels like I’m walking away from Derrick, and I can just shake it off because it’s not me who, you know, is in prison. But, you know, I have been changed. I’m not the same person.”

ONTHS AFTER the hearing, Jindal attended a luncheon for newly admitted law students in Cameron Indoor Stadium. Professor Coleman was giving a keynote speech. He spoke about his career, how he’d found a way to do civil rights law, and then he mentioned that one of the things that can hold people back from doing what they want to do is futility. That word—futility—unlocked something within her, giving name to the real demon she didn’t even know she’d been fighting. She realized that for the past two years, she had been trying to protect herself from futility, from the dark possibility that she would never be able to change anything, that she wouldn’t make a difference in McRae’s life or anyone else’s. All along, she thought she’d been scared that the emotional weight would be too much, when really she’d been terrified of something worse: that her efforts wouldn’t be enough. “I had one set back, and I’m going to give up? That’s just not okay,” she says. “That’s not good enough. That’s not good enough for Derrick, that’s not good enough for me, and that’s not good enough for the people I could potentially help.” Hearing Coleman’s speech filled her with a renewed sense of determination. Immediately afterward, she began clearing out her many commitments to make room for what she’s decided matters most. When she comes back to school next fall, she will spend her last year in law school working with the student-led Innocence Project. For as long as she can, she’ll stay on the McRae case. n DUKE MAGAZINE



N te Worthy

These Duke composers make beautiful music. BY ANDREW CLARK

There’s no single blueprint to creating a song; each composer has his own approach. From finding a new way to adapt a classic to working within time constraints, there are many things at play when it comes to writing music. A trio of Duke alumni knows these rigors all too well. In a given week, Michael Ching ’80 and George Lam Ph.D. ’11 may be working out the kinks of a new opera, while Bill Cunliffe ’78 is writing the latest song for his big band. Though they share a goal in creating music, each takes his own path getting there. Off the wall: Lam is an assistant professor of music at York College in Queens, New York. Photo by Yunghi Kim

IT HAD BEEN nearly twenty years since George Lam left his native Hong Kong. So when he was commissioned to write an orchestral work by the Hong Kong Sinfonietta, Lam had to figure out how to write about a place frozen in memory. His solution was to use the sense of nostalgia. The work he created in 2009, “The Queen’s Gramophone,” is about an imaginary gramophone in a 1950s-era Hong Kong nightclub that exists in a Cantonese black-and-white film. The scene he created opens with a bassoon solo Lam says is meant to emulate the sounds of a saxophone. Percussion evokes the music of that era when tambourines and woodblocks ruled. “I take a step back before I begin my writing process. I think of what question I want to explore or answer,” he says. Before he left Durham, Lam wrote The Persistence of Smoke, a single-act opera about the local cigarette industry. He was intrigued by the industry’s role in Durham’s history, how cigarettes were both an economic boon and a cause of harms, like cancer.

George Lam But Lam didn’t just compose an opera. He was also part journalist, spending time in the community, interviewing residents, and collecting information to add a layer of authenticity to his work. “I don’t get excited just about sound. That’s part of why I wanted to become a composer,” says Lam. “It is a medium to ask questions.”





FOR BILL CUNLIFFE, music is a trip you go on, from the first note to the last, and the Cal State Fullerton professor has an innovative flair when it comes to being a travel guide. When his trio took on “The Way You Look Tonight,” a classic song that lasts around three minutes, the Bill Cunliffe Trio tripled its length, reshaping it into a furiously paced jazz song. The composition was improvised on the fly, with Cunliffe giving cues to his bandmates along the way. That’s not always how he works. Usually when he’s writing a new piece, Cunliffe starts at the piano. He’ll work out the details of his piece with one of his computer programs. But when it comes to innovating, Cunliffe says he comes up with his most creative work by playing the piano as he writes. Cunliffe is known for blending genres—chiefly jazz with classical and pop, a trait he shares with piano great Mary Lou Williams, with whom he studied at Duke. Like a painter gaining mastery of his palette, “musicians need to have a vocabulary,” says Cunliffe, who won a Grammy in 2009 for best instrumental arrangement. Having a diverse “vocab” allows a composer to go in multiple directions, he says. “I try to innovate because the process allows you to do more.” As he notes with his take on “The Way You Look Tonight,” there were many covers of that song since its release. The task, he says, was putting his own spin on something that had been done before. “You don’t want to imitate. You want to adapt.”

Bill Cunliffe

Jazz man: Cunliffe won the prestigious Thelonious Monk International Jazz Piano award in 1989. Photo courtesy Bill Cunliffe




Making a splash: Ching enjoys the fountain at the Clark Opera Memphis Center, where he was artistic director for eighteen years.

USE LESS TO MAKE MORE. That was Michael Ching’s approach when he was asked to write an opera of Shakespeare’s A Midsummer Night’s Dream for Opera Memphis. Ching decided on an a cappella format to create a so-called “voicestra.” After the opera’s debut, The Wall Street Journal praised its inventive nature, calling it “a celebration of what voices can do.” A bit of fortune and a Blue Devil tie brought Ching to the idea. Before he began working on A Midsummer Night’s Dream, he was invited to work with DeltaCappella, a Memphis-based a cappella group founded by Jay Mednikow M.B.A. ’90. A cappella was unfamiliar

Michael Ching

Lance Murphy

territory for Ching, but he fell in love with the possibilities when it came to composing. “The voices make incredible sounds, they sound like instruments,” says Ching. “There’s a ‘wow’ factor.” He says the performers were engaged by the novel format, but there were challenges, such as keeping the voices in tune throughout the performance. A piano was kept in the pit to help. Ching—who studied under Pulitzer Prize-winning composer Robert Ward while at Duke—says writing operas is a mix of the literary and the pragmatic. “It’s the kind of thing where the whole is supposed to be greater than the sum of its parts,” he says. “You have to pay attention to what goes on on the stage. There’s the practical side, making sure characters have enough time to get on and off stage and that singers have enough time to breathe.” n Clark is a Boston-based writer.


Craig Breaden Audiovisual Archivist

CRAZY SMART Before selfies and YouTube, there were “Movies of Local People.” During the Great Depression, moviegoers across the Carolinas could see themselves on the silver screen whenever traveling cameraman H. Lee Waters came to town. We recently digitized hundreds of hours of footage by Waters of small-town life in the Depression-era South, like this 1941 reel of Siler City, North Carolina. It’s the only collection of its kind, and it captures a fascinating moment in American history, often in rich Kodachrome color. That’s not just smart. That’s crazy smart. Zoom in on history. Support Duke University Libraries.




“I played forward.” —Reggie Love ’05, former Duke basketball player and former personal aide to President Obama, writes in his new memoir, Power Forward: My Presidential Education, about a moment during the 2001 season when Coach K asked him to play in place of injured forward Carlos Boozer. Coach K told Love, a walk-on guard, that he could get into the game as a forward or remain a guard on the bench.

Alumni Around the World

Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images

#MyDukeMoment This year, at Reunions Weekend, April 17-19, we

helped a few special alumni bring their Duke memories to life. Our #MyDukeMoment photo contest appealed to alumni for a favorite photo of them and their friends from their days at Duke. We brought along a professional photographer and met up with the contest winners at Reunions Weekend to recreate their favorite memories. See the winning photos and some behindthe-scenes shots at

Duke Photography






Take a deep dive into the world of marine megafauna—giant squid, sea turtles, and penguins, just to name a few—and learn why they are so important to the ocean’s ecosystem during the Duke Marine Lab Weekend in Beaufort, October 23-25, 2015. You’ll experience classroom learning, hands-on activities, and an excursion led by David W. Johnston, assistant professor of the practice of marine conservation and ecology, and other Duke Marine Lab faculty. Plus: Experience the charming, seaside town of Beaufort in your downtime. Price: $400. For more information, e-mail

Scottee Cantrell

Under the Sea

Christina Holder


Calling all volunteers More than 10,000 alumni volunteer for Duke, aiding with alumni interviewing, regional activities, reunions, and programs such as Women’s Forum. This fall, DAA is inviting everyone who serves in these roles to come back to campus for the 2015 Volunteer Leadership Conference. Coinciding with Homecoming Weekend on October 2-3, the conference will give volunteers tips and resources to be better ambassadors for DAA and Duke, as well as a chance to share ideas with Duke volunteers from around the world. Registration opens this summer; if you want to be sure you’re invited, e-mail with “Volunteer Leadership Conference” in the subject line.

Seattle Number of alumni: 2,411 Young alumni (ten years out): 680 Local alumni events:

More than twenty a year

It’s a Seattle tradition: Every year for a Duke-UNC game, alumni in the DAA Puget Sound chapter gather for a local Hoops Watch and fly in food from Bullock’s BBQ in Durham.  Good place to find a Blue Devil: More than 115 Blue Devils work at Microsoft and more than seventy work at Amazon, two businesses that are headquartered in Seattle. You’ll also find Dukies gathering

at Canterbury Ale House for a brew every third Thursday and at Buckley’s in Belltown to catch Duke men’s basketball games. Notable Dukies: Amy Hood ’94, Microsoft CFO; Melinda Gates ’86, M.B.A. ’87, cofounder of The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation; Michael Conway ’88, president of Global Channel Development at Starbucks; Sanjay Bhatt ’96, reporter at The Seattle Times; Jason Porter ’02, manager of engineering for Boeing 737s. Showing the flag: Last year, seventyeight Seattle-area alumni volunteered to interview prospective Duke students.

WHERE ARE YOU? Share a photo from your city using @DukeAlumni on Instagram or Twitter and help us show Duke’s reach around the world.

Board of Directors, 2014-2015 President: N. Shepard Moyle ’84 Immediate past president: Jeffrey C. Howard ’76 Secretary-Treasurer: Sterly L. Wilder ’83

Lamptey Nartey ’02, Judith Wagoner Pahren ’84, Rodney C. Pitts ’68, Eric G. Savage ’92, Aisha J. Taylor ’05, Pamela Stone Schearer ’73, John Tolsma ’95

Mark W. Scroggs M.D. ’84, School of Medicine Joan M. Stanley B.S.N. ’71, School of Nursing Susan Prosnitz J.D. ’89, School of Law

Vice Presidents: Jack W. Boyd ’85, Chris D. Brandt ’00, Palmer Peebles Garson ’79, Nikki Hurst Gibson ’80, Winston E. Henderson ’90, Amy Hepburn ’97, Mary Kristin Klein ’82, Joanne O’Connor ’92, Sara K. Oliver ’06, Lee Harris Roberts ’90, Mark E. Stalnecker ’73, Paul S. Teller ’93

Professional school representatives: Andrea Barnwell Brownlee A.M. ’99, Ph.D. ’01, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences Abigail Williford Kocher ’00, M.Div. ’06, Divinity School Robin ten Kate M.B.A. ’03, Fuqua School of Business Courtney Lorenz M.E.M. ’06, Nicholas School of the Environment William Senner B.S.E. ’06, M.E.M. ’06, Pratt School of Engineering Amy Hepburn ’97, M.P.P. ’01, Sanford School of Public Policy Judith Ann Maness M.H.A.’83, Graduate Program in Health Administration Jennifer Moody Skeesick D.P.T. ’06, Graduate Program in Physical Therapy

Young alumni representatives: Andrew L. Hanna ’14, Jin-Soo D. Huh ’09, Lara L. Jones ’08, Margaret L. Skoglund ’10

Duke Magazine Editorial Advisory Board representative: Steven Petrow ’78 Directors-at-large William A. Bermont II ’97, Jonathan P. Cardona M.B.A. ’00, Pola Ayllon Changnon ’85, Mandeep Singh Dillon ’92, Jason Goode ’97, J.D. ’00, Christine Gosnell ’83, Mychal P. Harrison ’01, Ana Homayoun ’01, Edwin Howard Jr. ’63, Naakoshie 52

Faculty representatives: Michelle Connolly, Associate Professor of the Practice of Economics Frederick W. Mayer, Professor of Public Policy, Political Science and Environment Honorary members: Michael Schoenfeld ’84, Suzanne J. Wasiolek ’76, M.H.A. ’78, LL.M. ’93, Gerald L. Wilson B.D. ’61, A.M. ’68

Presidents, School and College Alumni Associations: Kristin Whitesides M. Div. ’05, Divinity School Lisabeth Brynn Todd Crute M.B.A.’95, Fuqua School of Business Kristen Cappel M.E.M. ’06, Nicholas School of the Environment Jason Piche B.S.M.E. ’97, Pratt School of Engineering David Esquivel J.D. ’97, School of Law Kurt D. Newman M.D. ’78, School of Medicine Joan M. Stanley B.S.N. ’71, School of Nursing Jennifer Moody Skeesick D.P.T. ’06, Graduate Program in Physical Therapy


New Faculty Fellows Begun in 2012, the DAA Faculty Fellows program taps top Duke professors to teach alumni-exclusive online courses, engage with alumni via campus lectures and events, and host alumni educational events in cities throughout the country during a three-year term. Four new fellows were named in 2015:

Mohamed Noor

Title: Earl D. McLean Professor and chair of biology Education: College of William and Mary (B.S.) and the University of Chicago (Ph.D.) Research interests: Molecular evolution, evolutionary genetics, how genetic changes lead to new species Lab companion: Fruit flies, known by their scientific name as Drosophila. Noor studies their mating habits and offspring to better understand molecular evolution. On Coursera: “Introduction to Genetics and Evolution” Follow the fellow: @mafnoor

Emma Rasiel

Title: Associate professor of the practice of economics, teaching director of the Duke Financial Economics Center, director of the Duke in New York program Education: Oxford University (B.S., A.M.), Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania (M.B.A.), Fuqua School (Ph.D.) Research interests: Behavioral economics and how it relates to health care In another life: Rasiel traded bond options as an executive director at Goldman Sachs in London. Class act: Rasiel keeps track of former students working on Wall Street and is known to invite them to speak to her classes.

David Schanzer

Title: Associate professor of the practice in the Sanford School, director of the Triangle Center on Terrorism and Homeland Security Education: Harvard University (A.B., J.D.) Research interests: National security, civil liberties, emergency preparedness, terrorism, bioterrorism Boots on the ground: From 2003 to 2005, Schanzer was the Democratic staff director for the House of Representatives Committee on Homeland Security. On Coursera: Responding to 911: Counter-terrorism Policy in the 21st Century Follow the fellow: @schanzerdavid

D. Sunshine Hillygus

Title: Associate professor of political science, director of Duke Initiative on Survey Methodology Education: University of Arkansas (B.S., A.M.) and Stanford University (A.M., Ph.D.) Research interests: American political behavior, public opinion, survey methods, campaigns, and elections Drilling for data: Hillygus began her teaching career at Harvard University, where she was the founding director of the university’s Program on Survey Research. Giving back: Since 2012, Hillygus has served on the U.S. Census Bureau’s Scientific Advisory Committee, a volunteer-based, 21-member committee that advises the bureau on data collection, statistical analysis, and survey methodology. Still a fan: Hillygus features an audio recording of the Arkansas Razorbacks’ famous hog call on her website.

MOOCs for Duke

DAA launches online courses exclusively for alumni.


n the past five years, MOOCs— educational programming that fit into massive open online courses—have the busy lives of Blue Devils throughout lived up to at least one part of their the world. “Whether you have a few minutes, a name. With hundreds of thousands of people enrolling in the most popular few days, or a few weeks, there really is listings on sites like Coursera, MOOCs something for everyone.” Chambers notes that most Courare indeed massive. But, as exciting as it may be to trade notes on Dan Ariely’s sera courses run between two and four (Ph.D. ’98) theory of irrational behavior months, making them well-suited for with a banker in Kazakhstan, sometimes people who want an in-depth underyou want something a bit more intimate. standing of a particular topic. Coursera Enter the DAA’s new “alumni-exclu- and other sites also offer options for sive” MOOCs. Created with the help of earning certificates upon completing Duke’s Office of Digital and Online Ed- courses. DAA’s new courses, however, ucational Initiatives, the are designed to appeal new courses offer alumto broader intellectual Current Faculty Fellows ni a chance to re-create curiosities and showBrian Hare the Duke classroom case some of Duke’s top associate professor of experience, taking classlecturers. evolutionary anthropology es with top professors Chambers plans to Terrie Moffitt along with fellow memfeature DAA’s Faculty professor of psychology and bers of the Duke comFellows, for example, in neuroscience and behavioral sciences munity. alumni-exclusive course DAA will launch formats. DAA recently Mark Anthony Neal added new professors its first alumni-excluprofessor of African & sive course in June, a to the fellows program, African-American Studies six-lecture course from started in 2012 to bring Neil Siegel cultural anthropology Duke’s top faculty to professor of law professor Orin Starn alumni groups around Walter Sinnott-Armstrong titled “Sports and Sothe country (see sideprofessor of philosophy ciety.” Course material bar). is designed to be easily Alumni wanting edVictor Strandberg consumable, with lecucational opportunities professor of English tures of only eight to with an even shorter ten minutes. Enrollees time commitment can have the option of visiting Duke for an look forward to DAA’s new “instant education.” Chambers says she is planning in-person class to cap off the course. Starn says the course format is open- 60-second videos of faculty members ing a new way to connect with alumni offering their expertise on timely topics, on a more personal level. “The world of and Google Hangouts with multiple faconline education is a whole new and still ulty members who will discuss the same relatively unexplored frontier,” he says. topic from different perspectives. “It’s a way for keeping open the flow of “One common quality in almost every learning and interchange between faculty alumnus is the desire to learn. It’s a thirst and graduates once they’ve left campus. I for knowledge and understanding that stay in touch with many of my former is characteristic of almost every student students, but I always wish I had much and one of the reasons that they attended Duke,” Chambers says. “We are able more contact. This is a way to do that.” Jenn Chambers ’01, director of DAA’s to give alumni exclusive access, unique alumni education programs, says the Duke experiences, and creative programnew online courses are part of a larger ming they cannot find anywhere else.” effort to experiment with new kinds of —Michael Penn and Christina Holder Hear more about educational opportunities for alumni. Sign up for DAA’s Forever Learning newsletter by e-mailing DUKE MAGAZINE



How are you ForeverDuke? Chris Hildreth

Sterly Wilder ’83, associate vice president for alumni affairs, in conversation with Jim Toomey ’83, M.E.M. ’08

Toomey is the cartoonist behind Sherman’s Lagoon, a comic strip that follows the lives of ocean characters addressing environmental topics such as shark finning, ocean pollution, and threats to the world’s coral reefs. The strip is syndicated in 250 newspapers, thirty foreign countries, and five languages. He has won two Environmental Hero Awards from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) “for using art and humor to conserve and protect our marine heritage.”

When did your passion for marine conservation begin? I had a formative experience when I was eleven or twelve. My dad was an old military pilot. He retired, but he still flew small planes. We flew over the Bahamas. It was extremely clear water. I just saw this underwater landscape that I had never really seen before. That was the beginning of my falling in love with what was below the surface of the ocean. Fast forward a couple decades, and I’m doing the comic strip. I chose the underwater characters because of my fascination with the ocean. I was contacted by NOAA to do some outreach. They thought the comic strip could really reach a lot of people and convey an important message in a subtle, entertaining way. What are you hoping to leave with your readers through your comic strips? I don’t know if I’ve changed hearts and minds all that

much as much as I’ve created a little bit of awareness. I had the privilege, through the courtesy of the Duke Marine Lab and Cindy Van Dover [Duke Marine Lab director and professor of biological oceanography], of diving in the DSV Alvin [a deep-sea research sub] last summer. In the run-up to that trip, I took the characters to the deepest parts of the Gulf of Mexico, to a place called the Sigsbee Deep. It’s a lot of fun taking the characters to different places in the ocean and introducing the readers to the crazy characters that live there. What was it like drawing for The Chronicle?

I aspired to be a political cartoonist, and I ended up not liking it that much. I did a lot of national and international cartoons. By the time senior year rolled around, I was doing almost exclusively campus issues, and I really loved that. I look back at those Duke years and drawing for The Chronicle as really formative. At the end of my four years I was flattered to be contacted by Perkins Library. They wanted all the originals. How do you come up with your story lines on a daily basis?

I’ll cast around looking for something unusual. Sometimes that’s an ocean-related story. There’s a giant jellyfish in the Sea of Japan that was just discovered. But that alone doesn’t make a story. So if you make that jellyfish into a character, it’s a character that is too big to be comfortable Quick draw: Toomey with Sherman as illustrated by Toomey. 54

with itself. It’s an insecure jellyfish. You put that jellyfish into a story situation where its insecurity comes out in a humorous way. You combine the quirkiness of marine life with the quirkiness of your own life experience. It’s really the banal life experiences that are the most entertaining. What’s next for Sherman? My wife and I bought a sailboat, and we’re selling our house in June, and we’re going to live on the sailboat for a year. So the comic strip is going to follow the waters around where we’re going. We are going to start on the west coast of Europe around Bordeaux, France, and the Bay of Biscay and go down to Portugal and Spain and through Gibraltar, so you’ll probably be seeing a lot of Mediterranean themes. What’s your advice for Duke students who want to engage in advocacy in a creative way? I followed my passion. You could call it the path of least resistance. You go into it thinking you’ve already written your autobiography when you’re eighteen. You’ve figured it all out. I think you can do that to a certain extent. The planning is valuable to keep you on course. You also need to be able to adapt to a situation. You need to willingly jump off that narrative you’ve written for yourself if an opportunity comes along. —Edited by Christina Holder


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50s 60s

George C. Megill M.Div. ’52 celebrated his 66th wedding anniversary with his wife, June, as well as his 87th birthday, on Aug. 14, 2014. They live in Raleigh.

Corwin A. Bell ’63 wrote “Saltiest Sailor” and Other Sketches, a collection of previously published essays, humorous sketches, and memoirs. The title story won American Mensa’s 2012 publication contributor award in the humor category. Another of his essays also won a national writing award. ’65 | 50th Reunion April 17-19, 2015 Edie A. Fraser ’65 was elected first female chair of the World Affairs Council of Washington. She is CEO of STEMconnector and Million Women Mentors. Paul B. Pritchard III ’65 is an epileptologist and professor of neurology at the Medical University of South Carolina. He and his wife, Becky, have a daughter, two sons, and four granddaughters. They live in Charleston, S.C.

E. Michael Latta Ed.D. ’66 celebrated his 50th wedding anniversary with his wife, Barbara.

political leadership. He is chancellor emeritus of UNC-Wilmington.

P. Thomas Boroughs J.D. ’68 was named a Veteran of Influence by Orlando Business Journal for his leadership in establishing the Orange County Veterans Court and the Veterans Pro Bono Legal Aid Clinic. He is a partner at Holland & Knight in Orlando, Fla.

Donald H. Messinger J.D. ’68 was named in the 2015 Best Lawyers in America for securities/capital markets law. He is a partner with Thompson Hine in its Cleveland office.

Patrick S. Feely ’68 was elected to the Toy Industry Hall of Fame after a 37-year career leading Tonka Toys and Radica Games, and as founding chair of the Toy Industry’s charitable foundation, which has donated many toys to children in need. He is retired and lives in Pasadena, Calif., and Moultonborough, N.H. Peg McCartt Hess ’68 coedited Child Welfare for the 21st Century: A Handbook of Practices, Policies, and Programs. She has been a social-work educator and child-welfare practitioner, advocate, and researcher for more than 40 years. James R. Leutze Ph.D. ’68 wrote Entering North Carolina: Set Clock Back 100 Years, an exploration of the state’s political history and current

Let your passion for Duke live on. You can make a lasting impact on the people and places you love at Duke. Including Duke in your estate plans is one of the simplest and most common ways to make a gift beyond writing a check. And, you can still access your assets in case you need them. Explore your options. Duke University Office of Gift Planning

’70 | 45th Reunion April 17-19, 2015


David M. Novick ’70 was included in the inaugural class of Fellows of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases. He practices with Digestive Specialists in Dayton, Ohio. He also received an honorable mention in the 2014 Erma Bombeck Writing Competition for his essay “Rose, the Tarantula.”

Linda Ferreri ’71 wrote The Matter of the Crown, a novel about the Crown of the Andes. David N. Makous ’73 won the 2014 Fantasy Football World Championships Main Event against a field of 460 teams from around the country. He was interviewed by ESPN and presented with his award at the 2015 Super Bowl in Glendale, Ariz.

“A strong educational system is critical to growth and prosperity for all in the long term. Duke’s leadership in educating future leaders plays a prominent role in many areas that are extremely important for the needs of our kids and their children.” MARK FLORIAN ’80 Unrestricted bequest designated to Duke University BLOG: PHONE: (919) 681-0464 EMAIL: WEB:

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2/16/15 10:21 SUMMER 2015AM 55

specializes in maritime law at Peltz Law Firm in Miami. ’75 | 40th Reunion April 17-19, 2015 Henry D. Blinder J.D. ’77 received the Ernest H. Ball Award for Excellence in Municipal Law from the North Carolina Association of Municipal Attorneys. Mark J. Prak ’77, J.D. ’80 was named a Local Litigation Star by Benchmark Litigation for First Amendment, general commercial, and intellectual-property law. He is a partner with Brooks Pierce in its Greensboro office.

This past spring Greg Brandeau M.B.A. ’92, former chief technology officer at The Walt Disney Studios and the coauthor of a new book from Harvard Business Review Press called Collective Genius, returned to campus to talk to students at the Fuqua School of Business about leadership that has the power to transform companies. He calls it the “collective genius.” “Everybody has some slice of genius,” he said. “You don’t know how it is going to express itself.” And that’s why you need everyone to contribute, Brandeau said. Together, those diverse perspectives help create a stronger, more dynamic company. But it’s not enough to have diverse thought. You need a leader who can bring out the best in employees so that they can contribute to the collective, Brandeau said. In the book, Brandeau, along with three additional authors, including Harvard Business School professor of business administration Linda Hill, explores how companies such as eBay, Google, and Volkswagen have created an environment in which employees have the freedom to try new ideas and to fail without being criticized. “You don’t get fired for making a mistake. The only failure you could have is if you didn’t experiment and you didn’t learn something.” In that kind of environment, innovation continues to replicate itself naturally, he said. Brandeau told students that learning to work as a team and to respect everyone’s opinion is something he first learned at Duke when he was assigned to work on projects with an English major, an art history major, a former nurse, and a former engineer. “It was transformative,” he said. “Everybody on that team contributed in their own way.” Are you part of the collective genius? Tweet using #collectivegenius, and tell Brandeau how you are leading in a way that brings out the best in your colleagues.

David J. Naftzinger J.D. ’73 was named in the 2015 Best Lawyers in America for financial-services regulation law. He is a partner with Thompson Hine in its Cleveland office. 56

Robert D. Peltz ’73 published a law review article, “Adrift at Sea—The Duty of Passing Ships to Rescue Stranded Seafarers,” in the 2014 volume of the Tulane Maritime Law Journal. He

Mary B. Denison-Clark ’78 was appointed commissioner for trademarks at the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. She was previously deputy commissioner for trademark operations. John C. Yates ’78, J.D. ’81 joined the board of directors of the Florida Venture Forum, a statewide support organization for venture capitalists and entrepreneurs. He is chair of the technology group at Morris, Manning & Martin in Atlanta. Catherine Peterson Hailey ’79 is an English and creative-writing teacher at Woodbridge Senior High School in Woodbridge, Va. Several of her students won the top awards of the Virginia Writers Club’s statewide Teen Golden Nib contest. Thomas R. West J.D. ’79 was named vice president for government relations and general counsel at North Carolina Independent Colleges and Universities. He is a partner at Poyner Spruill in Raleigh. MARRIAGES & COMMITMENTS Ellen McLean Birch ’74 to Richard Wingrove on Aug. 24, 2012. Residence: Leesburg, Va. ’80 | 35th Reunion April 17-19, 2015


Eben Alexander III M.D. ’80 wrote Map of Heaven: How Science, Religion, and Ordinary People Are Proving the Afterlife. He had a 25year career as an academic neurosurgeon. Rebecca A. Hinson ’80 released a series of 12 short social-studies books in English and Spanish. The books address reading achievement gaps between English-language and non-English-language students. She is an art teacher at South Grade Elementary School in Lake Worth, Fla. Cindy E. Collier M.H.A. ’81 was admitted as a charter member of the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers Foundation’s forensic and business valuation division. James W. Scott Jr. ’81 was elected president of the Philadelphia Association of Defense Counsel

for 2014-15. He is an associate with Bodell Bove, specializing in construction defects, product liability, and premises liability claims. Karen Dickinson ’82 was named in the 2015 Best Lawyers in America for information-technology law. She is a shareholder of the Polsinelli law firm in its Phoenix office, specializing in international business. She also serves as chair of the Arizona Export District Council, a position appointed by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce. Mirta Maruri Martin ’82 was appointed the ninth president of Fort Hays State University in Hays, Kan. She is the first female president in the university’s 112-year history and the first Hispanic president in Kansas. Michael Alix ’83 became a partner and financial-services consulting risk leader at PricewaterhouseCoopers in New York. He previously worked with the Federal Reserve Bank of New York. William O. Reed Jr. HS ’83 joined the Laser Spine Institute in its St. Louis location. He previously practiced in Kansas City, Kan., and served as a flight surgeon and orthopaedic surgeon for the Air Force.

Kirk G. Warner L ’83 was named a 2015 North Carolina State Litigation Star by Benchmark Litigation. He is a litigation partner at Smith Anderson in Raleigh, where he heads the firm’s product-liability practice group.

Bruce Elkington M.H.A. ’86 became vice president of information services at Northwest Kidney Centers, a nonprofit in Seattle. He was previously interim chief information officer for the dialysis provider.

Thomas F. Zych J.D. ’83 was named in the 2015 Best Lawyers in America for antitrust law. He is a partner with Thompson Hine in its Cleveland office.

Nelson C. Bellido ’89 was appointed to the Duke Alumni Association board of directors. He also received the 2014 Duke University Hispanic/ Latino Alumni Association Award. As managing partner of Roig Lawyers’ Miami office, he was named in the 2014 Super Lawyers Business Edition in the area of business litigation.

David L.S. Ryon ’84 was elected president of medical staff and appointed to the board of directors for Deaconess Health System in Indiana. He is associate medical director and practicing pulmonary and critical-care specialist physician for the Deaconess Critical Care Group in Evansville, Ind. Elizabeth B. Wright J.D. ’84 was named in the 2015 Best Lawyers in America for mass tort litigation/class actions. She is a partner with Thompson Hine in its Cleveland office. ’85 | 30th Reunion April 17-19, 2015 Patrick T. Collins B.S.E. ’86 was named in the 2014 New York Super Lawyers in the bankruptcy practice area. He is a partner in the Uniondale, N.Y., office of Farrell Fritz.

Building Champions

’90 | 25th Reunion April 17-19, 2015


Deborah Schlosberg Rich ’90 teaches middle-school English and literature in San Antonio and recently received a master’s degree in school leadership from Trinity University. Recently widowed, she has begun speaking out about her experience to raise awareness about depression.

Candice I. Polsky ’91 was promoted to state and local tax managing director at Grant Thornton in Philadelphia. She has more than 20 years of tax experience in both public accounting and private industry. Jennifer K. Van Zant ’91 was named a Future Star by Benchmark Litigation. She is a partner with Brooks Pierce in its Greensboro office. Thomas W. Hash II B.S.E. ’93 traveled to Brazil in October with the International Visiting Professor Program offered by the Radiological Society of North America. He is an assistant professor of radiology at Duke. Elizabeth W. Martin ’93 produced a documentary, Point and Shoot, directed by her husband and two-time Oscar-nominated director, Marshall Curry. The film follows Matt VanDyke as he sets out on his motorcycle adventure through the Middle East and joins the rebels in the Libyan revolution. Twitter @theirondukes

(919) 613-7575

MARRIAGES & COMMITMENTS Lisa Ferguson Drake ’84 to Charles Nellis Jr. on Dec. 13, 2014. Residence: Mebane, N.C.

Joseph M. Witt Jr. ’90 was the production manager for Stop Kiss at the Pasadena Playhouse in November. Previously, he was production manager for Sleeping Beauty and Her Winter Knight and Kiss Me, Kate.

The Iron Dukes is known for building champions on and off the courts and fields. To continue our trajectory of excellence in both academics and athletics, Duke must have the resources to drive our future success and enrich the lilives of Duke student-athletes as they strive to be champions in the classroom and at the highest level of athletic competition. Now is the time to make investments that will build champions.


Dana A. Krug ’89 was re-elected to the West Windsor-Plainsboro school board in West Windsor, N.J. She serves on the teacher negotiation committee and chairs the curriculum committee.

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Amile Jefferson, Men’s Basketball, Junior

Paul S. Teller ’93 was promoted to chief of staff in the Office of U.S. Senator Ted Cruz (R-Texas) DUKE MAGAZINE



Cameron Crazies in Washington. He was previously deputy chief of staff. ’95 | 20th Reunion April 17-19, 2015 Brian C. Rathbun ’95 published Diplomacy’s Value: Creating Security in 1920s Europe and the Contemporary Middle East. He is an associate professor of international relations at the University of Southern California.

In her brother’s opinion, Samantha Stach ’09 should crown sibling Eric Stach ’14 “brother of the year.” That’s because when the younger Stach won two tickets to the February Duke vs. UNC men’s basketball game at Cameron Indoor Stadium via a DAA Twitter giveaway contest, he invited his sister—but not until after Samantha took to Twitter to appeal to her brother. Samantha had never been to a Duke-UNC game. Eric, who had been part of Tent #1 for four years as an undergraduate, won the pair of tickets from a random drawing of more than 3,000 entrants. Read their story as it unfolded on Twitter via Duke Today’s story “A Tale of Two Tickets.”

John Jo ’96, J.D. ’06 was named partner at Smith Anderson in Raleigh. He focuses his practice on business-related litigation. Chad E. Nelsen M.E.M. ’96 was appointed CEO of the Surfrider Foundation, a global nonprofit dedicated to protecting the world’s oceans and beaches. Jeremy Clark ’97, M.B.A. ’04 was named to the 25 Healthcare Leaders Under 40 list by Becker’s Hospital Review. He is CEO of St. Francis Hospital in Bartlett, Tenn.

Michael J. Washo ’97 became medical director at Fellowship Hall, a nonprofit alcohol- and drug-treatment center in Greensboro. He previously worked as a staff psychiatrist at the R.J. Blackley Alcohol and Drug Abuse Treatment Center in Butner, N.C. Lucinda Pitzer Hill ’98 became assistant athletics director for finance at Wake Forest University. Gregory E. Lakin ’98 published Plastic Surgery Review: A Study Guide for the In-Service, Written Board, and Maintenance of Certification Exams. He is a pediatric plastic surgeon at University Hospitals in Cleveland. Lisa M. Radinovsky Ph.D. ’99 launched a blog about Syrian refugees and life in Crete at She is a freelance writer, editor, researcher, and photographer based in Greece. She was recently adjunct associate professor at the University of Maryland. BIRTHS Hudson Kush to Charles V. Ghoorah ’91, A.M. ’94, J.D. ’94 and Karen Ghoorah on Dec. 8, 2014…Will O’Neil to Mary Poole Clinch ’96 and Jed Clinch on Nov. 30, 2014…Gianluca Rafael to Emily Faville Gambino ’97 and John Gambino on Oct. 29, 2014…Eliana Violet to Amy Murnick McKeag ’98, M.B.A. ’06 and Mark S. McKeag B.M.E. ’99, M.B.A. ’05, M.P.P. ’06 on Nov. 18, 2014…Henry Phillip to Charnanda T. Reid ’98 and Nikia Reid on Oct. 58

Christina Holder

Daniel A. Cohen ’97 is a shareholder of Baker, Donelson, Bearman, Caldwell & Berkowitz, as well as chair of the law firm’s higher-education group. He will work in the firm’s Atlanta office, representing colleges and universities in their legal affairs.

7, 2014…Sonya to Zahid Nakhooda ’99 and Anjali S. Harsh Nakhooda ’00 on Nov. 28, 2014. ’00 | 15th Reunion April 17-19, 2015


Dawn Rooks Nelson M.Div. ’00 founded the Centre for Human Flourishing, a private psychological and emotional health-care and coaching practice in Milwaukee, Wis.

Paul A. Ortiz Ph.D. ’00 became president of the Oral History Association, where he previously served as the first vice president, president elect, and chair of the nominating committee. He is the director of the Samuel Proctor Oral History Association and associate professor of history at the University of Florida.

Erik A. Rannala M.B.A. ’02 cofounded Mucker Capital, a seed and pre-seed investment fund that helps entrepreneurs launch and scale their ventures. He also cofounded startup accelerator MuckerLab. Bud Susila A.M. ’03 received a Ph.D. in economics and finance from Curtin University in Perth, Australia. Lawrence Flynn III ’04 became a member of Leadership South Carolina, the state’s oldest leadership development program. He practices public-finance law as a member of Pope Zeigler in Columbia, S.C. ’05 | 10th Reunion April 17-19, 2015 Jill Rickershauser Carvalho A.M. ’05, Ph.D. ’08 became an associate in the government/regulatory practice group with Thompson & Knight in the law firm’s Austin office.

Joshua D. Malkin J.D. ’01 was named in the Top 40 Under 40 for financial advisers by On Wall Street magazine. He is executive director of Morgan Stanley Wealth Management in New York, where he runs the Malkin Group.

B. Jason Crew M.B.A. ’05 was named CEO of Summit Power Group. He lives in Houston.

Heather Condon Jeffcoat D.P.T. ’02 wrote Sex Without Pain: A Self-Treatment Guide to the Sex Life You Deserve. She runs a women’s health and physical-therapy practice in Los Angeles.

Candis S. Watts Smith ’05, A.M. ’08, Ph.D. ’11 published Black Mosaic: The Politics of Black Pan-Ethnic Diversity, which was based on the dissertation she wrote at Duke. Her dissertation won

Ryan C. Welsh ’05 completed his Ph.D. in curriculum and instruction at UNC-Charlotte. Kathryn D. Blanchard Ph.D. ’06 published An Introduction to Christian Environmentalism: Ecology, Virtue, and Ethics. She is associate professor of religious studies at Alma College. Rolf A. Garcia-Gallont ’06 received the Womble Carlyle Scholarship, which honors diverse second-year law students. He attends Wake Forest School of Law. Emily S. Hildebrand Gill M.P.P. ’06 was promoted to director of legislative outreach, Office of the Secretary at the U.S. Department of Commerce. Brian C. Yeh B.S.E. ’06 graduated from UCLA-Anderson with an M.B.A. and now works in management consulting in Los Angeles. Drew Stokesbary ’07 was elected to his first term in the Washington State House of Representatives. He is a lawyer in Seattle. Stephen H. Kehoe ’08 was named associate judge of Maryland’s Second Judicial Circuit. Kerry L. Susser D.P.T. ’09 opened a physical-therapy practice in Washington. MARRIAGES & COMMITMENTS Marko Cerenko ’01 to Jenna Trueba on Sept. 6, 2014. Residence: Miami…Angela R. McDaniel ’01 to Thomas Brindle on Aug. 16, 2014. Residence: Dallas…Whitney L. Evans ’04 to Austin Crisp on Dec. 28, 2013. Residence: Columbia, S.C.…Zachary B. Bosin ’05 to Oriana R. Lisker ’06 on Oct. 18, 2014. Residence: San Francisco…Ryan N. Confer ’05 to Anne E. Timmins ’06 on Sept. 27, 2014. Residence: New York… Christine F. Lauro ‘05 to James Hatfield III on Sept. 13, 2014. Residence: Casper, Wyo....Emily S. Hildebrand M.P.P. ’06 to Christopher Gill on Dec. 13, 2014. Residence: College Park, Md.…Mollie K. Lurey ’06 to Blake Holleman on Nov. 2, 2013. Residence: Washington…Kathryn E. Owen ’06 to Wait Aumann on Oct. 18, 2014. Residence: Durham… Daniel S. Bowling IV ’07 to Kristin Correa on Nov. 8, 2014. Residence: New York…Laura J. Davidson ’07 to Brian Worzella on Sept. 6, 2014. Residence: Chicago…Jennifer L. Young M.B.A. ’07 to Matt McNichols on Jan. 25, 2014. Residence: Chicago…Craig Gordon M.B.A. ’08 to Jennifer Barrera on Aug. 30, 2014. Residence: Manhattan Beach, Calif.…Caroline E. Gould ’08 to Caleb Bergner on June 14, 2014. Residence: Washington…Jay S. Levin ’08 to Andrea Fass on July 13, 2014. Residence: Boynton Beach,

Courtesy Chris McCormack

the Best Dissertation Prize from the race, ethnicity, and politics section of the American Political Science Association in 2013. She is an assistant professor of political science at Williams College.

During his time in Durham, Chris McCormack ’13 worked in the Duke sports marketing office, helping drum up sponsors and season-ticket packages for a once-struggling Blue Devil football program. Just two years out of college, he’s now doing some of the day-to-day business for tennis legend Roger Federer. An agent with Cleveland-based Team8, McCormack works for Federer’s agent, Tony Godsick, and serves as the main point person for Grigor Dimitrov, a rising star on the professional tennis circuit who finished 2014 ranked eleventh in the world. The firm focuses on representing iconic figures in the sports world—three of Team8’s four current clients are tennis players—giving McCormack the opportunity to work with legends like Federer, the owner of seventeen career Grand Slam titles, as he learns the ins and outs of the business. “You kind of pinch yourself every once in a while, because there are so many other kids that are young and in the sports industry and are my age, but they don’t necessarily have the same opportunities,” McCormack says. McCormack always had the inside track to a career in talent representation, if he’d wanted it. His grandfather, Mark McCormack, founded IMG, the entertainment and talent representation powerhouse, in 1960. His father, Todd McCormack ’82, helped run IMG new media division, assisting athletes in creating personal websites during the dot-com boom in the late 1990s and working with events and host sites like Wimbledon and the All-England Club to develop digital strategies. Working at a small firm like Team8 provides McCormack with opportunities right out of the gate that larger organizations aren’t able to match. Based in Cleveland, he travels around the world to major tennis tournaments, handling media and sponsor Serve and volley: McCormack requests for Dimitrov. The top Bulgarian works with tennis talent. on the pro tour, Dimitrov resigned a sponsorship with Nike last August and added an endorsement deal with Rolex last October, both of which McCormack helped put together. Traveling with Federer—a champion with a squeakyclean image and numerous long-standing endorsement deals—requires even more legwork. “Roger’s team has eight or nine people always traveling, and Grigor has at least four,” McCormack says. “People often see this job and say, ‘Oh, this guy is just out there running around to all these exotic locations; he’s got the luckiest job in the world.’ What they don’t see are all the phone calls and all the logistical nightmares that happen on a week-to-week basis.” Federer and Dimitrov faced off in an exhibition at Madison Square Garden on March 10, a match Dimitrov won after dropping his three previous contests against Federer. As Dimitrov’s career begins to take off, McCormack will be along for the ride. “The most exciting part of the job is you feel like these clients have almost become an extension of you. Their successes almost become your successes,” McCormack says. “When they win a big tournament, it’s almost like you’ve won a big tournament or that you’ve done something really well in your job.”

—Ryan Hoerger




Fla.…Daniel Moadel ’08 to Laura E. Robinson ’08 on Oct. 18, 2014. Residence: Philadelphia…Leigh Edwards ’09, M.T.S. ’11 to Colin D. Miller Ph.D. ’10 on Aug. 9, 2014. Residence: Durham…Carrie M. Gantt ’09 to Yalcin Tarkocin on Oct. 18, 2014. Residence: New York…Lee A. Hathaway ’09 to Christina M. Kaplanis ’10 on June 20, 2014. Residence: New York… Sonja M. Ralston J.D. ’09, M.P.P. ’09 to Daniel Winik on July 19, 2014. Residence: Washington. BIRTHS Jacob Raymond to Jessica Fore Bousky ’00 and Andrew Bousky on Sept. 29, 2014…Sonya to Anjali S. Harsh Nakhooda ’00 and Zahid Nakhooda ’99 on Nov. 28, 2014…Willow Lucia to Peter P. Jordan ’01 and Charlene Music on Oct. 9, 2014…Twins Neel Everett and Ryan Parth to Amy N. Congdon Sharma B.S.E. ’01, Ph.D. ’07 and Navin Sharma B.S.E. ’01, M.B.A. ’09 on Sept. 8, 2014…William Lakshmana to Travis E. Harrell ’02 and Roopa Nimmagadda on Oct. 3, 2014…Anna Kaur to Jennifer Dhatt Hughes ’02 and Brendan Hughes on Oct. 16, 2014…Reid Eric to Lisa Rying Patheal ’02 and Jeff Patheal on Nov. 12, 2014…Baxter Everett to Ellinor Ravenel Coder ’03 and

ADOPTIONS Grant Hilasmos adopted from Korea by Paul S. Jin ’00 and Bora Jin…Happy Anne adopted from China by Gideon C. Moore J.D. ’01 and Anne Moore.

REASONS you should choose.... summer camps!

OPTIONS: writing, leadership STEM, precollege

application required

Trained Enrollment Professional Staff teacher


small classes

camps for


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sponsored camp

Year of first

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Timothy Goodson on Aug. 5, 2014…Nolan Andrew to Alise Edwards Fredrickson ’03 and Nathan A. Fredrickson B.S.E. ’03 on Nov. 13, 2014…Emilia Lynn to Kathryn Hackett King ’03 and William King on Nov. 11, 2014… Ishaan Stéphane to Aarti Asnani ’04, M.D. ’08 and Antoine Dubois-Rande on Nov. 15, 2014… Lincoln Rodney to Graham J. Chynoweth A.M. ’04, J.D. ’04 and Tara Chynoweth on Dec. 5, 2014…Henry William to Meghan Valerio Kaminski ’04 and Dan Kaminski on Dec. 7, 2014…Benjamin James to Kathryn A. Laidlaw ’04 and James Perencevich on Dec. 5, 2014… Mason Alexander to David S. Moncure J.D. ’05 and Melisa Moncure on July 19, 2014…Elle Mea to Matthew R. Kane M.B.A. ’06 and Chelsea Lynam on Sept. 24, 2014…William Carson to Sally Howard McCaffrey ’06 and Joseph K. McCaffrey M.B.A. ’10 on Aug. 29, 2014…James Campbell to Sarah G. Hoverstad ’08 and Eric Hoverstad on Aug. 11, 2014.

1983 summer camp

Attracts campers from around the world OPTIONS: Residential Commuter

Extended Day campers after camp hours •


’10 | 5th Reunion April 17-19, 2015


Ryan M. Hampton M.B.A. ’10 became director of the capital markets team with Sikich Investment Banking in Chicago. He was previously vice president of investment banking at Clark Dodge & Co./Advanced Equities and vice president at Bank of America Merrill Lynch.

Javier I. Bedoya LL.M. ’11 was elected deputy mayor of San Isidro, Lima, Peru. Patrick Thompson ’11, M.A.C.S. ’13 became a senior consultant with Booz Allen Hamilton in Washington. He recently returned from an Army deployment to Afghanistan and was formerly director of basketball operations for the Duke men’s basketball team. Brittne R. Walden ’11 passed the Pennsylvania bar examination and began work as an assistant district attorney at the Philadelphia District Attorney’s Office. Will A. Evans A.M. ’12 was named one of Dallas’ Top 100 Creatives for his work in nonprofit publishing of translated works of contemporary literature. He runs Deep Vellum, a publishing house in Dallas. Theresa A. Monteleone J.D. ’13 joined the private-equity practice group at Smith Anderson in Raleigh. She was previously an associate with Mayer Brown in Charlotte. Jonathan “Gray” Wilson M.P.P. ’13, J.D. ’13 joined the commercial litigation and real-estate development practice at Smith Anderson in Raleigh. He was previously law clerk to the Honorable James C. Dever III on the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of North Carolina. Sarah E. Berman ’14 became a Princeton in Latin America Fellow. Elizabeth L. Troutman M.P.P. ’14 became an associate at Brooks Pierce in its Greensboro office. She recently received her law degree from UNC-CH. Emma S. Wilson ’14 became a Princeton in Latin America Fellow. MARRIAGES & COMMITMENTS Heather G. Black ’10, J.D. ’14 to William R. Cox Jr. ’10 on Aug. 16, 2014. Residence: Durham…Elizabeth L. Doran ’10 and Peter Booth on Oct. 4, 2014. Residence: Charlottesville, Va.…S. Elizabeth Duncan ’10 to Nemat Heydary on Oct. 18, 2014. Residence: Greensboro… Mathavi Jothimurugesan B.S.E. ’10 and Lee Strasburger Jr. ’10 on Oct. 18, 2014. Residence: Atlanta…Christina M. Kaplanis

’10 to Lee A. Hathaway ’09 on June 20, 2014. Residence: New York…Jennifer L. Midura ’10 to Michael Holak on Aug. 9, 2014. Residence: Parsippany, N.J.…Colin D. Miller Ph.D. ’10 to Leigh Edwards ’09, M.T.S. ’11 on Aug. 9, 2014. Residence: Durham…Allie M. Sommer ’10 to Daniel Skolnik on Sept. 6, 2014. Residence: New York…Drew M. Haerer M.S. ’11 to Mary M. Pratt B.S.N. ’11, M.S.N. ’14 on Sept. 6, 2014. Residence: Charlemont, Mass.…Patrick Thompson ’11, M.A.C.S. ’13 to Kara Anderson on Nov. 29, 2014. Residence: Washington…Manfred Dehmer M.B.A. ’14 to Dan Boudreaux on July 1, 2014. Residence: Vancouver, B.C. BIRTHS William Carson to Joseph K. McCaffrey M.B.A. ’10 and Sally Howard McCaffrey ’06 on Aug. 29, 2014.

INMEMORIAM William L. Alexander ’21 of Huntsville, Tenn., on Jan. 5, 2013. He had a career as an engineer with Redstone Arsenal, retiring as chief of facility engineering. Survivors include his wife, Sue; two sons; a brother; a sister; four grandchildren; and a great-granddaughter. Nellie G. Wilson McFarland ’31 of Oxford, N.C., on Sept. 13, 2014. Bertha S. Eutsler Wooten ’32 of Durham on May 24, 2014. She was president and board chair of Shepherd Electric Supply Co. for several years. She was later a member of the Goldsboro school board and the Wayne Community College foundation board and president of the Wayne County Art Society. For her service to Goldsboro, she received the Cornerstone Award from the Wayne County Chamber of Commerce. She is survived by a son, two daughters, a stepson, a stepdaughter, four grandchildren, and a great-grandchild. Mildred J. Kennedy ’34 of Richmond, Va., on Oct. 15, 2014. Survivors include two great-nieces. Lucile P. Bryan Stevens ’34 of Garner, N.C., on July 6, 2014. She taught elementary school in the North Carolina towns of Nahunta, Smithfield, and Garner. Survivors include a daughter. Jackson M. Viol ’35 of Lafayette, Ind., on July 27, 2014. He worked as a corporate CPA and CFO for many companies in the eastern and midwestern U.S. He is survived by a daughter, two grandsons, and two great-grandchildren. Irving O. Dein ’36 of Louisville, Ky., on April 25, 2014. He was a colonel in the Army during World War II and later chief of neurology at the VA Hospital. He was also chair of the neurology department at the University of Louisville. He is

survived by two daughters, a son, two sisters, seven grandchildren, and 14 great-grandchildren. Yerby R. Holman Jr. ’36 of Baltimore, on June 1, 2014. He is survived by two daughters, two sons, eight grandchildren, and eight great-grandchildren. Isobel L. Craven Drill ’37 of Raleigh, on Sept. 27, 2014. Early in her career, she taught high-school English and served as president of the Maybelle Transport Co. and Buck Young Oil Co. She and her second husband, Carlyle Lewis, wrote Two on the Q, a book about their voyage around the world on the Queen Elizabeth II in 1975. She served on the boards of the Davidson County Community College Foundation, Research Triangle, and State Welfare and on the inaugural board of the North Carolina Community Colleges. She had served on Duke’s board of trustees since 1973 and headed the trustee Buildings and Grounds Committee. She also served on the Council for Women’s Studies, Friends of the Library executive committee, and the Duke Hospital Committee on Aging and Development. She established the University Archivist endowment, along with academic and athletic scholarships at other colleges. She received Duke’s Distinguished Alumnus Award in 1989 and the University Medal in 2001. She is survived by her daughter, Mary L. “Larry” Young Hines A.M. ’93; a son; son-in-law Thomas B. Hines A.M. ’94; three grandchildren, including Robert C. Hines ’99 and Thomas B. Hines Jr. ’96; six great-grandchildren; and four nieces, including Jean H. Craven ’71. Marcelle Parrish Harper B.S.N. ’39, R.N. ’39 of Newport News, Va., on July 30, 2014. She had a 27-year career in the medical field, serving as operating-room supervisor at Riverside Hospital and running a private obstetrics and gynecology practice. She is survived by a daughter, a son, a sister, a grandson, and three great-grandchildren. Marguerite E. McClenny Vaughan ’39 of Westfield, Pa., on Aug. 27, 2014. She worked as a teacher for physically and mentally challenged children. Later, she traveled extensively. Survivors include two daughters, 10 grandchildren, and several great-grandchildren. John D. Ahlstrom A.M. ’40 of Wilmington, Del., on Aug. 11, 2014. He served in the Navy during World War II and the Korean War, retiring as a captain in the Navy Reserve. He later worked for Bigelow & Dowse Co. of Boston and the New York Wire Cloth Co. of York, Pa., before joining DuPont, from which he retired in 1982, having held management positions in marketing and management training. He is survived by his wife, Doris; two daughters; three stepsons; a grandson; two granddaughters; two step-granddaughters; and five great-grandchildren. Elsie Quarterman A.M. ’41, Ph.D. ’49 of Nashville, Tenn., on June 9, 2014. She was a pro-

fessor emerita at Vanderbilt University, where her work focused on the ecology of Tennessee cedar glades. She was the first woman to serve as an academic chair at Vanderbilt, becoming chair of the biology department in 1964. She rediscovered the native Tennessee coneflower, Echinacea tennesseensis, a plant previously thought to be extinct, in 1969. The 185-acre forest near LaVergne, Tenn., where she conducted much of her research, was named in her honor. She also was awarded the Distinguished College/University Scientist Award by the Tennessee Academy of Science in 2003 and the Conservation Award from the Tennessee Native Plant Society in 2008. Survivors include several nephews. Mary L. Ramsay Ticktin ’41 of Rock Hill, S.C., on Aug. 14, 2014. She taught English at Rock Hill High School and was a guidance counselor at Northwestern High School, retiring in 1985. She is survived by a son, three daughters, eight grandchildren, and three great-grandchildren. John W. Winkin Jr. ’41 of Waterville, Maine, on July 19, 2014. He played baseball, basketball, and soccer at Duke before enlisting in the Navy. He wrote for SPORT Magazine and then worked as a pregame Yankees analyst on television. He later became a professor of physical education and coached baseball at Colby College, the University of Maine, and Husson College, attaining more than 1,000 career wins. He was named New England Division I Baseball Coach of the Year in 1975 and inducted into the National College Baseball Hall of Fame in 2013. He is survived by a son, a daughter, and eight grandchildren. Dorothy D. DuMont Howard ’42 of Winter Park, Fla., on April 1, 2014. She is survived by her husband, Oscar; a son; a daughter; and a granddaughter, Sarah E. Salvest ’17. Frances K. Montgomery Joseph ’42 of Richmond, Va., on Aug. 14, 2014. After working for DuPont in the fabrics and finishes division, she taught elementary school for nearly two decades, retiring in 1986. She is survived by a daughter and a grandson. Dorothy Lingle Kamin R.N. ’42 of Durham, on July 6, 2014. She worked as a registered nurse and as a research associate in pharmacology. She and her late husband, Henry, a professor of biochemistry at Duke, established an endowment to help graduate students in the biochemistry department attend conferences to present their work. Joseph C. Shivers Jr. ’42, A.M. ’43, Ph.D. ’47 of Venice, Fla., on Sept. 1, 2014. During World War II, as a graduate student at Duke, he helped develop a synthetic quinine to combat malaria for troops overseas. In 1946, he began a career with DuPont, where his research on synthetic fibers led to the invention of Lycra (Spandex). He was DUKE MAGAZINE






awarded the Olney Medal for Achievement in Textile Chemistry as well as the Lavoisier Medal, DuPont’s highest honor. He is survived by two sons, including Jeffrey C. Shivers ’71, Ph.D. ’77, M.D. ’79; a daughter; and a daughter-in-law, Barbara Borshay Shivers B.S.N. ’72. Patricia Wilson Taylor ’42 of Chestertown, Md., on Aug. 25, 2014. She was an active member of St. Paul’s Parish and volunteered as a Pink Lady at Kent & Queen Anne’s Hospital in Chestertown. She is survived by two sons, six grandchildren, and three great-grandchildren. Gail L. Erickson ’43 of Hot Springs, Ark., on June 15, 2014. Survivors include his wife, Anna. Robert A. Hinshaw ’43 of Buckeye Lake, Ohio, on July 19, 2014. After pursuing a Ph.D. in nuclear physics, he became chair of the physics department at Muskingum College in New Concord, Ohio. He later joined the McGraw Edison Co. and managed its manufacturing operations. Active as a Freemason, he was the oldest Past Grand Master of Masons in Ohio. He is survived by his wife, Ann; three daughters; four grandchildren; and two great-grandchildren. Waverly L. Johnson Jr. ’43 of Waco, Texas, on Aug. 12, 2014. A member of the 1942 Duke football team that hosted the Rose Bowl, he later joined the Army Air Corps as an aviation cadet. Deployed to North Africa, he completed more than 40 bombing missions. After 32 years of service, he retired as a lieutenant colonel. He received the Air Medal with four Oak Leaf Clusters and two Presidential Citations. As a civilian, he spent 22 years as director of aviation for the city of Birmingham, Ala., helping construct a new airport terminal and upgrade other facilities. He is survived by his wife, Charlotte; a son; a daughter; and three grandchildren. John W. Bronson J.D. ’44 of Gibsonburg, Ohio, on July 31, 2014. He served in the Army during World War II and remained in Germany after his discharge, working as a civilian lawyer for the Department of the Army. When he returned to the U.S., he practiced law in Gibsonburg and served three terms as a county probate judge. He was a member of Bowling Green State University’s board of trustees. He is survived by two sons, two granddaughters, and four great-grandchildren. Sebastian Cabrera III ’44 of Key West, Fla., on April 3, 2014. He assumed ownership of his father’s grocery company in Key West and built a restaurant, Caribe, next door. Under his leadership, Caribe had the longest run under the same management of any restaurant in Key West and served President Harry Truman a cup of coffee in 1951. A lover of water sports, he helped develop Mallory Docks and transform Key West into a tourism hub. Virginia B. Zerfass Deal ’44 of San Marcos, Texas, on Aug. 19, 2014. At Duke, she was presi-


NASHER MUSEUM OF ART AT DUKE UNIVERSITY 2001 Campus Dr., Durham, NC 27705 I I 919-684-5135 Odili Donald Odita at the 2007 Venice Biennale with his work, Give Me Shelter (detail). Š Odili Donald Odita. Courtesy of the artist and Jack Shainman Gallery, New York.

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dent of the Pegram Chemistry Club. She and her late husband, Carl, worked for the research arm of Shell Oil, in the San Francisco Bay area. Her first project was the pilot plant development for mass penicillin production during World War II. She became the second woman to present a paper before the American Petroleum Institute. She is survived by three sons, including Milton Z. Deal

’81; a daughter, Julia Z. Deal ’78; and six grandchildren. Paul Tarrant Ph.D. ’44 of Gainesville, Fla., on July 4, 2014. He joined the chemistry department at the University of Florida in 1946. During his 23-year career as a professor, he served as chair of the organic division of the chemistry department,


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published 58 papers, and received 17 patents for his work in synthetic organofluorine chemistry. With a fellow faculty member, he founded Peninsula Chem Research Inc., which has been supplying specialty fluorine-containing chemicals for more than 40 years. One of his major achievements at PCR was developing a commercially viable synthesis for 5-fluoroucil, a cancer-fighting drug. Survivors include three daughters, two stepdaughters, a grandson, and two step-grandsons. William D. Widerman B.S.M.E. ’44 of Cherry Hill, N.J., on July 29, 2014. He served in the Navy in the South Pacific and Pearl Harbor during World War II. He also was executive vice president of ITT Nesbitt and of A.C. Manufacturing Co., and retired as the president and CEO of Widerman & Co. Insurance. He is survived by his wife, Phyllis; three sons; seven grandchildren; and five great-grandchildren. Richard S. Andrews B.S.M.E. ’45 of Richmond, Va., on Aug. 17, 2014. Prior to attending Duke, he served in the Pacific theater during World War II. He had a career with Westinghouse, starting a woodworking operation in Elizabeth, N.C., and later a uranium mining operation in Denver, before returning to Raleigh. He is survived by his wife, Jennie B. Frizzelle Andrews ’44; two daughters; a son; a brother; nine grandchildren; and 10 great-grandchildren. Marjorie I. Knowles Johnson ’45 of Austin, Texas, on July 16, 2014. She was a volunteer coordinator at Methodist Hospital in Dallas. She is survived by two sons, a daughter, a sister, and two grandchildren. William A. Lambeth Jr. ’45, M.D. ’47 of Winston-Salem, on July 31, 2014. He completed his medical training at N.C. Baptist Hospital before serving in the Navy at Virginia Beach, Va. Upon returning to Winston-Salem, he entered private practice, specializing in cardiology. In 1964, he became director of medical education at the Forsyth Medical Center, retiring as vice president of medical affairs after 21 years. He is survived by three sons, including William A. Lambeth III HS ’48; a daughter; a sister; and five grandchildren. Vito J. Lauro ’45 of Briarcliff Manor, N.Y., on July 24, 2014. He served in the Navy during World War II. He is survived by his wife, Irene; a son; and two grandchildren. Kathleen G. Duncan Mayer ’45 of Washington, N.C., on Aug. 28, 2014. She had several careers, including operator of a private kindergarten, sales representative for multiple companies, historical researcher for the General Israel Putnam Family Trust, and cooking columnist for the Danvers Herald. She is survived by two sons, two daughters, two sisters, six grandchildren, and a great-grandchild.

Margaret D. Brown Smith ’45 of Laguna Hills, Calif., on July 10, 2014. She is survived by two daughters, a son, 10 grandchildren, and 11 great-grandchildren. Agnes C. Long Whiteside ’45 of Columbia, S.C., on Aug. 7, 2014. She taught in Arlington, Va., before moving to Columbia in 1955 with her late husband, Robert. She taught Sunday school and served as president of the United Methodist Women. She is survived by three sons, including Stephen L. Whiteside B.S.E. ’74; seven grandchildren; and two great-grandchildren.

Estelle H. Smith Berne ’47 of Greenport, N.Y., on Aug. 5, 2014. She developed “What the Papers Say,” a news broadcast for WCNY radio, while living in Syracuse, N.Y. She established the first patient-representative program at Crouse-Irving Memorial Hospital. She is survived by two sons, two daughters, and three grandchildren.

Bachman S. Brown Jr. ’47, J.D. ’50 of Kannapolis, N.C., on Aug. 24, 2014. He served in the Navy and the Navy Reserve, retiring as a lieutenant. After being admitted to the N.C. State Bar in 1950, he had a 61-year career as a lawyer in private practice. His community efforts include bringing a minor-league baseball team to the area

Leonard B. George Jr. ’46 of Stockton, Calif., on Aug. 10, 2014. He worked for combat engineers to design portable bridges in the U.S. during World War II and acted in government-produced war movies. After the war, he worked in New York as an advertising copywriter while attending graduate school at Columbia University. Later, he worked as a child psychologist for the Stockton Unified School District in California. He is survived by his wife, Josephine; a son; a daughter; a sister; five grandchildren; and four great-grandchildren. John F. Lentz ’46 of Ellerbe, N.C., on Aug. 25, 2014. He served in the Navy in World War II. At Duke, he played on the basketball and baseball teams, drawing interest from the Detroit Tigers. He managed a family-owned peach business while playing semi-professional basketball and coaching both sports. He worked for the U.S. Postal Service, maintaining a mail route around Ellerbe for 34 years before retiring in 1983. A champion of wildlife, he was president of the North Carolina Wildlife Federation and director of the North Carolina Forestry Association. He started a forestry-management business and later founded Lentz Realty & Forestry. He is survived by his wife, Lucille; a son; a grandson; and a step-grandson. Fred R. Pfisterer M.Div. ’46 of Bowling Green, Ky., on Dec. 8, 2013. He was an ordained minister in the United Methodist Church for 70 years, joining the Louisville Annual Conference and serving several churches. Under his leadership, the Fourth Avenue United Methodist Church developed a program for children with autism and established a home for recovering alcoholics. He also served as president of the advisory committee to the mayor of Louisville for the development of Louisville’s waterfront area. He is survived by his wife, Ann; two daughters; two siblings; and a grandson. Mack J. Preslar ’46 of Chapel Hill, on June 29, 2014. During World War II, he joined the Maritime Service as a communications officer. Later, he was associate director of the communications center at UNC-CH before joining the department of otolaryngology to research deafness. He founded Demlar Medical, now Monitor Instruments, which specializes in the manufacturing of audiometers. Survivors include a brother and four nieces.

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Voyage to Antiquity: Malaga to Rome April 21-29, 2016 ŠiStock


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Costa Rica’s Natural Heritage, Jan. 11-22 Sailing Caribbean’s Windward Islands, Feb. 7-14 Panama to Costa Rica, Mar. 12-19 Cuba, May

Amazon River Expedition, Feb. 26-Mar. 6 Galapagos, June 17-26 Peru, Aug. 15-26 ge s

Art of Living in Bali, Feb. 18-Mar. 12 Insider’s Japan, Apr. 2-14 China Family, July China Passage (YA), Sept. Eastern and Oriental Express, Oct. 6-18 Israel, Oct. 20-31 Mystical India, Oct. 30-Nov. 15 China & Tibet, Oct.

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Cuba, May Alaska, May 21-28 Columbia & Snake River, Oct. 19-25

Duke Catholic Ctr: Pilgrimage, Assisi to Rome, Feb. 15-25 European Coastal Civilization, Apr. 16-24 Portrait of Italy, Apr. 16-May 2 Waterways of Holland and Belgium, Apr. 20-28 Voyage to Antiquity: Malaga to Rome, Apr. 21-29 Art of Living in Tuscany, Apr. 22-May 14 Stepping Stones of Western Civilization, Apr. 23-May 1 Paradores and Pousadas of S. Spain, May 5-19 Art of Living in Madrid, May 8-30 Rivieras & Islands (Barcelona to Rome), May 9-17 ACA Apulia & Amalfi Coast, May 10-19 Danube River to Istanbul, May 12-23 Paris Immersion, May 26-June 6 In the Wake of the Vikings, June 8-16 ACA Scottish Highlands and English Lakes, June 13-24 Changing Tides of Baltic Sea, June 15-24 Cruise the Face of Europe, June 23-July 8 Town and Country Oxford, July 8-16 Nordic Magnificence, July 25-Aug. 7 London Immersion, Sept. 16-27 Dordogne, Sept. 22-30 Coastal Iberia, Sept. 23-Oct. 1 ACA Sicily, Sept. 24-Oct. 3 ACA Portugal, Oct. 7-16 Art of Living in Provence, Oct. 7-29 Discovering Eastern Europe, Oct. 15-31

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Egypt & the Eternal Nile, Feb. 1-15 Moroccan Discovery, Mar. 11-24 Southern Africa - Zambezi River Boat, Mar. 12-24 Tanzania Adventure, Sept. 21-Oct. 5 Madagascar, June

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and chairing the Kannapolis Chamber of Commerce board. After leading the push to incorporate Kannapolis, he was elected its first mayor in 1984, serving until 1993. He was presented with a key to the city in 2007. He is survived by his wife, Mabel; a son; a daughter; and four grandsons. Catherine G. Crowell Fuller ’47 of Hickory, N.C., on July 1, 2014. She graduated magna cum laude from Duke and taught Spanish for Hickory public schools. She belonged to the Daughters of the American Revolution, the Panama Canal Society, and the Hickory Community Theater. She is survived by five children, including Manley K. Fuller III ’74 and Elizabeth C. Fuller ’82; and six grandchildren, including Frances R. Bosch ’15. Margaret J. Rodwell King ’47 of Charlotte, on Aug. 31, 2014. She volunteered with the Republican Party for more than 50 years. She served as North Carolina co-chair of the President Ford Committee and president of the North Carolina Federation of Republican Women. For her work, she was inducted into the North Carolina Republican Hall of Fame. She was a member of the UNC-Charlotte board of trustees and the Junior League of Charlotte. Survivors include two sons; a daughter; five grandchildren; a great-grandchild; and a nephew, William F. Stewart ’77. Edward L. Koffenberger B.S.M.E. ’47 of Hockessin, Del., on Sept. 21, 2014. On Duke’s basketball team, he led the Southern Conference in scoring and rebounding during the 1946-47 season and twice received All-America honors. Also on Duke’s lacrosse team, he was named an All-American in 1947. Drafted by the Philadelphia Warriors, he passed on a professional basketball career and became an engineer, working for DuPont for 42 years. He is survived by his wife, Winnie; three daughters, including Laura A. Koffenberger Croom ’77; two sons; a brother; and 10 grandchildren. Eugene M. Levin B.S.M.E. ’47 of Williamsburg, Va., on Aug. 14, 2014. He served in the Navy as a lieutenant on the U.S.S. Intrepid during World War II. An engineer, he founded Apex Building Contractors in 1955 and later formed Newport Management Co. He is survived by his wife, Betty; two daughters; two sons, including Stephen Levin ’75; daughter-in-law Christine R. Conner Levin ’76; and eight grandchildren. Edith E. Helmbold Wallick ’47 of Escondido, Calif., on July 11, 2014. She worked for several government organizations, including the CIA, Department of the Interior, and the National Institutes of Health’s National Library of Medicine. She is survived by two sons, a daughter, and four grandchildren. Harvey J. Hinnant ’48 of Raleigh, on July 30, 2014. He served in the Army in World War II, assisting in the liberation of the Buchenwald Concentration Camp in 1945. He spent more than 20 70

years working with the Dupree & Webb Insurance Agency in Raleigh. He is survived by his wife, Talmadge Thomas Hinnant ’48; two daughters; and three grandchildren. Lila Jean Magruder LaMotte ’48 of Atlanta, on July 31, 2014. At Duke, she sang big-band songs of the ’40s in the Triple Trio. For 20 years she worked in the Georgia Retardation Center, and then she managed health records for the Dekalb County Health Department. She is survived by her husband, Louis C. LaMotte Jr. ’48; four daughters; a son; 14 grandchildren; two step-grandchildren; 10 great-grandchildren; and eight step great-grandchildren. Edward N. Moylan ’48 of Miami, on July 30, 2014. An Army veteran, he fought in the Battle of the Bulge and received a Purple Heart. He made a career in real estate with Houser Realty before becoming an investor. He is survived by his wife, Lena J. Harris Moylan ’49; a son; a daughter; a grandson; and two granddaughters. George B. Skipworth ’48, M.D. ’54 of Columbus, Ga., on Aug. 13, 2014. A Marine Corps veteran, he served with the Army Medical Corps until he retired as a colonel in 1974. He was the chief of dermatology at many Army Medical Centers across the country. He was also a clinical associate professor at multiple universities and coauthor of several medical publications. He is survived by a son, a daughter, and four grandchildren. Jean C. Tommasi Yehle ’48 of St. Michaels, Md., on July 28, 2014. She worked for 32 years as a public information officer at Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science at the University of Miami. She also marched with the Memphis sanitation workers after the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. She is survived by two sons, four grandchildren, and two great-grandchildren. Joseph M. Daniel Sr. ’49 of Parkton, N.C., on Sept. 2, 2014. He taught at many schools, including Fort Bragg, Fayetteville Senior High School, Reid Ross Classical High School, Highsmith Hospital School of Nursing, and Methodist College. He is survived by his wife, Betsy L. Smith Daniel ’52; a son; three daughters; eight grandchildren; and nine great-grandchildren. J. Carlton Fleming ’49, J.D. ’51 of Charlotte, on Aug. 27, 2014. At Duke, he was student body president of the School of Law and founding editor of the Duke Bar Journal, now the Duke Law Journal. In the Navy he worked in the Office of Naval Intelligence in Washington. He cofounded his own law firm, now Fleming, Robinson, Bradshaw & Hinson. He later opened the Charlotte office of Womble, Carlyle, Sandrige & Rice. He helped found the Duke Law School board of visitors and the Southern Federal Tax Institute and was a member of the Fourth Circuit Judicial Conference. He was president of Discovery Place,

the Greater Charlotte YMCA, Central Charlotte Association, and Duke Law Alumni. He was chair of the Salvation Army Advisory Board, director of the Charlotte Chamber of Commerce, and a member of the board of governors of the North Carolina Bar Association. He is survived by his wife, Bonnie; three daughters, including Lynn Fleming Carlson ’74 and Ann E. Fleming Temple ’77; a son, James C. Fleming Jr. ’04, J.D./LL.M. ’07; a daughter-in-law, Kendall M. Robertson Fleming ’07; four grandsons, including Stephen T. Temple ’11, Jonathan Temple ’13, and Michael F. Temple ’16; and a granddaughter. Hollis M. Owens Jr. J.D. ’49 of Rutherfordton, N.C., on Sept. 12, 2013. An Army veteran of World War II, he received a Bronze Star and a Purple Heart. He made his career in law, serving as solicitor of the Rutherford County Recorder’s Court, then working with Owens & Arledge. He served as chief District Court judge and later senior resident Superior Court judge of N.C. District 29. He helped establish Isothermal Community College, serving on its first board of trustees. He is survived by a daughter, a son, and two brothers. David H. “Turp” Turpin ’49, M.F. ’50 of Pensacola, Fla., on July 29, 2014. He enlisted in the National Guard in 1940 and was on board the RMS Queen Mary when it accidentally sank one of her escort ships near Ireland. He worked for the Champion/St. Regis paper mill in Pensacola. Survivors include a daughter and two grandchildren. Charles A. Baldwin ’50 of Hampton, Va., on Aug. 12, 2014. He served in the Navy in World War II and worked for 48 years as an engineering designer at NASA Langley. He is survived by a son. Robert F. Brownell Jr. A.M. ’50 of Strafford, N.H., on July 18, 2014. After serving in the Navy during World War II, he worked at Tabor Academy, Berkshire School, and Phillips Exeter Academy. At Exeter, he was a chemistry and physics teacher, dean of students, director of admissions, and a basketball coach. He retired from Exeter in 1988 and received the school’s Founders Day Award. He is survived by his wife, Shirley; three daughters; a son; a sister; 11 grandchildren; and a great-grandchild. Stuart W. Elliott ’50 of Charlotte, on July 20, 2014. He served in the Marine Corps. In 1957, he founded what would become Elliott & Collins, a commercial real-estate appraisal and consulting firm. He served as president of the Charlotte Board of Realtors and was elected Realtor of the Year in 1978. He was chair of the administrative board of his church, a volunteer mediator with the Dispute Center of the City of Charlotte, and an arbitrator for the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority. He is survived by his wife, Roland; two daughters; four grandchildren; and a great-granddaughter.

Calvin S. Knight M.Div. ’50 of Winston-Salem, on Aug. 6, 2014. While in divinity school, he served as pastor of Berea Baptist Church in Durham. He then served as pastor at North Carolina churches in Roxboro and Weldon before becoming director of church and community relations at North Carolina Baptist Hospital. He retired as chaplain of Brookridge Retirement Community. He is survived by his wife, Mary E. Flake Knight B.S.N. ’49, R.N. ’49; three sons; a stepdaughter; two brothers; two sisters; four grandchildren; two great granddaughters; and two step great-granddaughters. Howard J. McLean B.S.M.E. ’50 of North Palm Beach, Fla., on Aug. 25, 2014. He began his career as a development engineer in locomotive equipment at General Electric in Erie, Pa., then designed cryogenic-fueled rocket engines and military jet engines for Pratt & Whitney Aircraft. He served as deputy program manager for a fighter plane for the Israeli Air Force. He retired in 1986, the owner of seven U.S. patents and two foreign patents. An avid sailor, he raced his 30-foot ketch for 24 years, winning 116 races. He is survived by his wife, Sue; two daughters; a son; and four grandchildren. Jane E. Suggs Nelson ’50 of Morehead City, N.C., on July 16, 2014. She spent her career in education, teaching health and physical education at both the secondary and post-secondary level. She is survived by her husband, John; two sons, including John F. Nelson III ’77; and four grandchildren. James E. Person B.S.M.E. ’50 of Suffolk, Va., on Aug. 23, 2014. He served as a bomber pilot in the Army Air Forces during World War II. He then spent 30 years with Ford Motor Co., working at assembly plants in Norfolk, Va., and Dearborn, Mich. In 1980, he returned to Virginia, where he and his wife ran The Printing Center in Portsmouth. He is survived by his wife, Ellen; two sons; and five grandchildren. J. Bryan “Buck” Rudisill Jr. ’50 of Lookout Mountain, Tenn., on July 27, 2014. He was a partner in the insurance firm of Trotter, Boyd & Keese in Chattanooga, Tenn. He also served in the Navy Reserve for 20 years. He is survived by his wife, Jeanne; a son; three daughters; a sister; a brother; and seven grandchildren. Roy S. Andersen Ph.D. ’51 of Worcester, Mass., on Oct. 10, 2014. He was one of the Navy’s first radar officers in World War II. He wrote Three Minutes Off Okinawa, about the sinking of his destroyer, the only Navy vessel in the war to be hit by two types of Japanese suicide bombs. He held appointments at Stanford University, the University of Maryland, and the University of California-Berkley. He served as chair of the physics department at Clark University, where he was dean of the graduate school, re-established the Ph.D. program, built an observatory for his physics students, and retired as professor emeritus. He wrote a

column for the Worcester Sunday Telegram. He was a Fellow of the American Physical Society and a NATO Senior Scientist Fellow at the University of Oslo, Norway. He also won awards for sailing. He is survived by his wife, Barbara; three children; and four grandchildren. Ira E. Bell Jr. HS ’51 of Morganton, N.C., on July 17, 2014. He served in the Army Medical Corps. A radiologist, he was a partner at Catawba Radiological Associates and chief of staff at the Frye and Catawba Memorial Hospitals, founding the radiation oncology program at the latter. Over his career, he held faculty appointments at Wake Forest Medical School and Tufts New England Medical Center, and he served as president of the N.C. Chapter of the American College of Radiology. He is survived by three sons; a daughter; three stepchildren; several grandchildren; two great-grandchildren; and his former wife, Josephine R. Anderson Bell ’53. Bobby C. Branch ’51 of Wilkesboro, N.C., on June 14, 2014. He served in the Army Air Forces during World War II. He held leadership positions in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. He is survived by a daughter, a son, two sisters, three grandchildren, a step-grandson, and a great-grandson. Harry R. Chadwick Jr. ’51, J.D. ’53 of St. Petersburg, Fla., on July 16, 2014. He served in Germany in the Counterintelligence Corps during the Korean War. He began his law career at the Clerk of the Circuit Court in Clearwater, Fla. He became the chief deputy clerk and acting clerk for the County Commission. At 31, he was elected chair of the Pinellas County Commission, the youngest ever to hold the position. In 1971, he founded Carteret Management, a builder of both nonprofit and for-profit apartments for senior citizens as well as numerous nursing homes. He and his wife established a law school chair and a nursing scholarship at Duke. He was a co-owner of the Kilmarnock Football Club in Scotland. Survivors include his wife, Laurel J. Rosenbaum Chadwick B.S.N. ’53; two daughters; a son, James M. Chadwick ’77, J.D. ’80; several grandchildren, including Amanda L. Tynes B.S.N. ’05, James R. Clanton ’06, Laurel M. Chadwick ’06, and Barbara Ann Chadwick B.S.N. ’11; and several great-grandchildren.

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James R. Gregg J.D. ’51 of Vancouver, Wash., on July 23, 2014. After serving in the Navy during World War II, he opened a private law practice, which he ran for more than 50 years. He was Order Master of the Masonic Lodge in 1962. Survivors include a son and a brother. Patricia McNamee Harris ’51 of Raleigh, on Aug. 18, 2014. She worked for the CIA and the Naval Air Station in Pensacola, Fla., before working as a staff assistant for the University of Kentucky’s philosophy department. She was twice president

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919.956.9404 • 301 W. Morgan St., Durham of the Kentucky Women’s Club. She is survived by two daughters and three grandchildren. Kenneth F. Palmer ’51 of Virginia Beach, Va., on June 18, 2014. He had a 32-year career with PricewaterhouseCoopers, spending 12 years as managing partner of the firm’s Norfolk, Va., office. He chaired the Southeastern Better Business Bureau and the internal audit department for the Virginia Beach city schools, among several other community involvements. He is survived by two daughters, a brother, a sister, and three grandsons. Jackson S. Rymer B.S.E.E. ’51 of Greensboro, on July 8, 2014. He served in the Navy aboard the USS Brush in the Pacific theater during World War II. He joined Duke Power, where after a 33year career he retired as a manager and substation operator. He is survived by three sons and six grandchildren. John C. Slane ’51 of High Point, N.C., on Nov. 1, 2014. A Navy veteran, he took over the family business, Slane Hosiery Mills, as its president in 1954. He helped establish Westchester Academy, now known as Westchester Country Day School, where he was a member of the board of directors and the board of trustees. He was also a member of the High Point Chamber of Commerce and the United Way of Greater High Point. In 1993, he and his wife were named the High Point Enterprise Citizens of the Year. Survivors include his wife, Marsha; two daughters, including Landon C. Slane ’88; and nephews Willis H. Slane III ’73 and Grady C. Slane ’10. John R. Surratt J.D. ’51 of Winston-Salem, on Aug. 5, 2014. He served in the Army in the Korean War. He was elected mayor of Winston-Salem in the early 1960s and worked to improve roadway transportation across the city. Admitted to the 72

North Carolina State Bar in 1951, he practiced law in Winston-Salem for 63 years, most recently as a partner at Surratt & Thompson. He is survived by his wife, Estella; three daughters; and three grandchildren. Anne Buchanan Tomlinson ’51 of Charlotte, on Aug. 7, 2014. She served two terms as senior warden of the vestry at Christ Episcopal Church and was involved with Habitat for Humanity and Charlotte Family Housing. Survivors include a son; a daughter; 11 grandchildren, including Rebecca J. Tomlinson ’02 and grandson-inlaw Christopher M. Grocki B.S.E. ’02; five great-grandchildren; and a nephew, Robert W. Carr Jr. B.S.E. ’71. Phylis Dodson Ballingall ’52 of Los Gatos, Calif., on July 14, 2014. She worked in the Office of the Secretary of Defense in the Pentagon and served as a delegate at the Virginia Democratic Party Convention. In 1970, she refocused her career as a work-experience adviser at several community colleges in the Saratoga, Calif., area. She volunteered as a mediator in the consumers’ protection unit at the district attorney’s office for Santa Clara County, and she organized the first three Saratoga mustard festivals. She is survived by four children, seven grandchildren, and a great-grandson. George D. Becher Jr. ’52 of Vero Beach, Fla., on July 12, 2014. He was vice president of engineering and construction at American Pad & Paper Co. and Mead Paper Co. in Holyoke, Mass. He was a past president of the Holyoke Rotary Club and a Paul Harris Fellow. He is survived by his wife, Jeanne; a daughter; a brother; and a sister. Charles E. Beck Jr. ’52 of Lake Wylie, S.C., on July 1, 2014. After serving in the Army for

three years in military intelligence, he became a career officer with the CIA, retiring after 30 years of service. He was a former director of the River Hills Lions Club and former president of the River Hills Community Association. He is survived by his wife, Marcine; a son; a daughter; and three grandchildren. Alpheus L. Curtis Jr. ’52 of Gaffney, S.C., on Aug. 31, 2014. He played professional baseball with the Boston Red Sox and Washington Senators. He later coached football, baseball, and wrestling at several high schools in South Carolina, including as athletics director and head football coach at Gaffney High School. He is survived by his wife, Phyllis; two daughters; a son; five grandsons; and three great-grandchildren. Bennie W. Feather ’52, Ph.D. ’65 of Sacramento, Calif., on Jan. 16, 2014. Survivors include his wife, Tracy. Adele D. “Dale” Woodall Fletcher ’52 of Charlottesville, Va., on July 20, 2014. She worked for an Alabama senator on Capitol Hill before relocating to Germany for two years while her husband, John, pursued a Fulbright fellowship. There she met the theologian Reinhold Niebuhr and later was his typist. Most recently, she worked as a real-estate agent for Macklin Hansen Realtors in Alexandria, Va. She is survived by two sons, a daughter, a brother, and eight grandchildren. Colin M. Govan ’52 of Hampton, Va., on June 30, 2014. He served in the Navy during World War II and in the Air Force during the Korean War. After attending Duke, he held numerous positions at Hotpoint Co., including advertising and merchandising manager and distributor sales representative. He then transitioned to the life-insurance business, joining Equitable Life Assurance Co. He was Virginia’s first life member of the Million Dollar Round Table and a member of the grants committee. He was past president of the Virginia Association of Life Underwriters and on the board of the Virginia Peninsula Association of Independent Financial Advisers. He was inducted into the halls of fame for the Equitable Life Assurance Society and the National Association of Insurance & Financial Advisors of Virginia. Survivors include three grandchildren. D. Parker Moore Jr. M.D. ’52 of Chapin, S.C., on Aug. 7, 2014. He was one of the founders of Hopewell Medical Center and Colonial Heights Medical Center in Virginia, where he practiced medicine from 1955 to 1990. He is survived by his wife, Doris; two sons, including Desaussure P. Moore III ’72; and a grandson. J. Roger Shull ’52, LL.B. ’54 of Stratford, Conn., on Aug. 1, 2014. As a teen, he was a student at the Juilliard School and a member of a swing band. At Duke, he performed with the Duke Ambassadors, symphony orchestra, and the march-

ing and concert bands. In his career as a lawyer, he was president of the Stratford Junior Chamber of Commerce, legal counsel for the Stratford Visiting Nurse Association, and board chair of the United Methodist Homes. He is survived by his wife, Barbara; three daughters; a son; and six grandchildren. Lubin F. Bullard Jr. M.D. ’53 of Wilmington, N.C., on Sept. 2, 2014. He served in the Navy as a medical officer before practicing general medicine in Shallotte, N.C. He practiced ophthalmology for 30 years in Wilmington. He is survived by his wife, Lona; two sons; a brother; and four grandchildren. Patricia B. Morris Clarke ’53 of Petersburg, Va., on Sept. 29, 2014. She had a career in education, teaching in the Raleigh public schools and later in Petersburg. She is survived by her husband, George; two sons; and a daughter. Carlyn J. Halde Ph.D. ’53 of San Francisco, on June 11, 2014. She taught medical mycology at the University of Hawaii early on and became head of the microbiology department of Tripler Naval Hospital. She received one of the first Fulbright fellowships, enabling her to teach medical mycology at the University of Philippines Institute of Hygiene and to lecture throughout Southeast Asia on developments in diagnosis and treatment of fungal infections. Later, she worked in clinical labs and taught medical microbiology at University of San Francisco. Survivors include three nieces. Glyndon E. Hatchell M.F. ’53, D.F. ’68 of Athens, Ga., on July 22, 2014. He spent his career with the U.S. Forest Service as a research forester studying the effects of erosion and insects on loblolly pine trees. He belonged to the National Audubon Society. He is survived by his wife, Elizabeth; two sons; a daughter; and three grandchildren. K. Coffield Knight Jr. ’53 of Chapel Hill, on July 19, 2014. He served in the Army in Korea before entering a career in banking. He spent more than 30 years with Trust Department of Central Carolina Bank, retiring as senior vice president. His passion was boating and boating education. As an officer of the Durham Sail & Power Squadron, he won the organization’s Education Award six times, prompting DSPS to rename it in his honor. He is survived by his wife, Sally; a daughter, Martha S. Knight ’82, M.B.A. ’84; a son, Kevin C. Knight ’85, M.B.A. ’86; daughter-in-law Margaret A. Marsh Knight ’85; and three grandchildren, including Anna E. Knight ’15. Chris A. Varellan ’53 of Palm Harbor, Fla., on March 17, 2014. Alfred M. Campbell M.Div. ’54 of Fayetteville, N.C., on Aug. 16, 2014. He was the director of the Adult Services Program at the Cumberland County Medical Health Center and was a minister in both North Carolina and Virginia. He is survived by his wife, Ava; two sons; a brother;

three granddaughters; two grandsons; and five great-grandchildren. Robert W. Greeson ’54 of Los Angeles, on Jan. 22, 2013. Judson T. Mayfield Jr. M.A.T. ’54 of Portsmouth, Va., on July 20, 2014. He established daycare centers and housing for low-income people in the South, especially in Beaufort County, N.C. He was a priest in the Episcopal Church, serving congregations across Florida, Georgia, and North Carolina. He is survived by three daughters, two sons, a sister, a brother, eight grandchildren, and two great-grandchildren. G. Robert McKenzie Jr. M.Div. ’54 of Burlington, N.C., on Aug. 25, 2014. As a pastor in the North Carolina Conference, he served in churches all across the state, including as associate pastor of Jarvis Memorial Church, pastor of St. Matthews Church, director of Youth Work for the Conference, district superintendent in the Elizabeth City district, and executive director of the Conference Council on Ministries. Front Street Church in Burlington designated him pastor emeritus in 1996. He also sat on the board of trustees at High Point University and Greensboro College and was a member of the board of directors of Eldercare of Alamance County. He is survived by his wife, Frances; a daughter; a son; two stepdaughters; a sister; six grandchildren; and a great-granddaughter. Abigail Eades Peck ’54 of Webster Groves, Mo., on April 30, 2013. She is survived by three daughters, two sons, a brother, and eight grandchildren. L. Carroll Yingling Jr. B.D. ’54 of Baltimore, on Aug. 23, 2014. He was a minister in the United Methodist Church, pastoring at many churches in Maryland and Washington. He served as superintendent of the Baltimore Northwest District and later as an adjunct faculty member at the Community College of Baltimore County. He was elected to several general, jurisdictional, and world conferences of the UMC. He was an early advocate of women’s ordination and LGBT inclusion in the UMC. He chronicled his 500-mile hike across France and Spain in One Million Footsteps Across Spain. He is survived by his wife, Phyllis; a son; a daughter; a brother; a sister; four grandchildren; and three great-grandchildren. J. Bryant Young B.D. ’54 of Houston, on July 19, 2014. He was the founder and senior pastor of Fair Haven United Methodist Church. He served many other churches around Houston for 15 years. Later, he set up the contract-compliance program for the city of Houston and worked for his family’s business. He is survived by his wife, Deanna; four sons; two daughters; a sister; and 10 grandchildren. Paul W. Aitken B.D. ’55, Th.M. ’61 of Durham, on Aug. 28, 2014. An Army Air Corps

veteran of World War II, he began the chaplaincy program and a clinical pastoral education program at Duke Hospital. He retired in 1987, but continued to volunteer with the Hospital Auxiliary. He is survived by his wife, Ruth; a son; a brother; a sister; and five grandchildren. Hazel I. Mixon Burnet ’55 of Estill, S.C., on Aug. 1, 2014. She worked as a secretary at the Charleston Port of Embarkation during World War II and later as an assistant secretary to the mayor of Charleston. She had a career as a teacher and in the Public Works Department at the Charleston Naval Shipyard, where she retired in 1983. She is survived by three stepdaughters, a stepson, a sister, nine grandchildren, and seven great-grandchildren. Edgar B. Gillespie A.M. ’55, Ph.D. ’66 of Debary, Fla., on Aug. 24, 2014. He had a career as an educator, teaching English at Stetson University for more than 25 years. He was a founding member of New Covenant Baptist Church and worked with Deland Area Parkinson’s Support Group. In 2009, he received Stetson University’s George and Mary Hood Award. He is survived by two daughters, a son, a brother, and five grandchildren. William C. Wagner II ’55 of New London, N.H., on July 9, 2014. An Army veteran, he served in Korea. He was executive director of the Pennsylvania Economy League’s Lancaster office before working as director of corporate planning for Huth Engineers. He retired in 1997 as director of business development at The Ray Group, an architectural firm. He served as president of the Rotary Club in Lancaster, Pa., for which he was honored with the Service Above Self Award. He is survived by his wife, Katrina; a daughter; two sons; a stepdaughter; and a stepson. Sybilene Blinson Dalton B.S.N. ’57 of San Antonio, on May 11, 2014. She is survived by a daughter and two sons. Sidney A. Head III M.Div. ’57 of Charlotte, on July 13, 2014. A United Methodist minister and marriage and family therapist, he was first licensed to preach in the eighth grade. In 1959, he was appointed first chaplain at Wesley Medical Center and began his career as a pastoral counselor. He was founder and director of Methodist Counseling Center in Charlotte for nine years and then clinical supervisor to students at Union Theological Seminary. He later opened his own therapy practice and was an adjunct faculty in the counseling department at UNC-Charlotte. He is survived by his wife, Sue; four daughters; a brother; and six grandchildren. Thomas W. Trice Jr. ’57 of Los Angeles, on Oct. 7, 2013. W. H. Davis McGregor Ph.D. ’58 of Easley, S.C., on July 26, 2014. A Navy veteran, he worked for the U.S. Forest Service as a tree physiologist before teaching in Clemson University’s forestry DUKE MAGAZINE



department. He was later named head of the department of forestry and dean of the College of Forest and Recreational Resources. He is survived by a daughter, a sister, five grandchildren, and four great-grandchildren. Glenn E. McCormick Jr. HS ’59 of Aiken, S.C., on Sept. 2, 2014. An Air Force veteran, he ran his own dermatology practice for more than 30 years. He is survived by his wife, Bonnie; a daughter; a sister; and two brothers. Stephen M. Prevost B.S.C.E. ’59 of Beaver, Ohio, on July 17, 2014. He served active duty in the Navy for eight years before becoming a Navy Reserve intelligence officer, retiring after 16 years with the rank of commander. He worked for Georgia Power before moving to Kettering, Ohio, and working for Andrew Plocher Sons, where he was a civil engineer and company president. He is survived by his wife, Carol A. Rickard Prevost ’60; two sons, including Daniel L. Prevost ’97; a sister; and five grandchildren. C. Gilbert Tweed M.D. ’59 of Ormond Beach, Fla., on Aug. 3, 2014. He served in the Navy as chief of neurology. He then received a National Institutes of Health Fellowship in Neurological Surgery at the University of Florida, where he was an instructor. He later had his own practice and held senior staff privileges at Halifax Hospital Medical Center. He wrote articles for many medical publications and belonged to many associations. He is survived by five sons and two grandchildren. Henry A. Callaway Jr. HS ’60 of Maryville, Tenn., on Aug. 14, 2014. For more than 30 years, he practiced general, thoracic, and vascular surgery for the family business, Callaway & Callaway M.D. With his brother, he started the Vascular Lab at Blount Memorial Hospital. He served on the boards of Maryville College, First American Bank, and Thompson Cancer Survival Center, and on the executive board of the Great Smoky Mountain Council of the Boy Scouts of America. In 2005, he was inducted into the Blount County Sports Hall of Fame. He is survived by his wife, Martha E. Hadley Callaway ’56; four sons, including Thomas H. Callaway ’82, M.B.A. ’93; a daughter-in law, Susan P. Nance Callaway ’84, M.S. ’93; a sister; a brother; and nine grandchildren, including Hadley P. Callaway ’15 and Isabel N. Callaway ’17. Herbert F. Crovitz Ph.D. ’60 of Pittsboro, N.C., on July 15, 2014. He served as chief statistician for the state of Rhode Island before becoming a research psychologist at the VA Hospital in Durham and a psychology professor at Duke. He wrote Galton’s Walk, a book about memory, and kept notebooks for 30 years in order to document and study memory; the notebooks are now held in the Duke University Archives. A science-fiction writer, he was published in Science 74

magazine. He is survived by two daughters, a son, two stepdaughters, two stepsons, a sister, six grandchildren, four step-grandchildren, and his former wife, Elaine. Margaret D. Tyndall Graham ’60, M.A.T. ’63 of Winston-Salem, on Jan. 29, 2014. She made a career in education, teaching in Jacksonville, Fla., and later at Durham Academy. She is survived by a daughter, a son, and four grandchildren. Jay H. Schlag B.S.E.E. ’60 of Marietta, Ga., on Sept. 11, 2014. He was on the faculty of the Georgia Institute of Technology in the School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, where he researched computer applications, computer-aided design, and neural networks. In 2001, he was appointed associate chair for ECE operations, and he retired as professor emeritus. He served as a consultant for Georgia Power Co., Siemens Corp., and King & Spalding. He is survived by his wife, Katharine D. Leonard Schlag ’60; four daughters; and eight grandchildren. Deborah Manders Stephens ’60 of Oak Brook, Ill., on June 23, 2013. She is survived by a son, a brother, and three grandsons. Anne T. Carson ’61, M.Ed. ’66 of Raleigh, on Aug. 8, 2014. She taught fifth- and sixth-grade students for over 30 years. She was president of the Junior Woman’s Club, a docent for Mordecai House, and treasurer of the Wake County Historical Society. She is survived by a sister. Joan Godlove ’61 of Oklahoma City, Okla., on Aug. 30, 2014. She was a medical illustrator for 10 years at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., the Medical School of Georgia, and the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas before transitioning to practice law. She is survived by two brothers and a sister. John W. Ledbetter Jr. A.M. ’61, Ph.D. ’63 of Summerville, S.C., on July 24, 2014. He served in the Army. For more than 35 years, he was a biochemistry professor at the Medical University of South Carolina. In 1970, he received a National Institutes of Health Fellowship to study under Professor Gerhard Herzberg, who won the Nobel Prize in chemistry the following year. In his research, he discovered a new state of the nitrogen molecule, named the “Ledbetter Band” in his honor. His articles about his outdoor expeditions were published in several hunting magazines. He is survived by his wife, Patricia; two daughters; a son; and nine grandchildren. Vivian S. Redding Lollis ’61 of Arlington, Va., on Aug. 13, 2014. For 31 years, she worked for the U.S. Forest Service. She lived all over the world, including France, Ivory Coast, Nigeria, and England, where she was a family liaison officer for the American Embassy in London. She is survived by a daughter and a sister.

John W. Varner Jr. ’61 of Jacksonville, Fla., on Aug. 21, 2014. He served in the Navy for eight years, was awarded the Bronze Star, and retired as a lieutenant. He later taught social studies and geography at Jacksonville-area schools. Survivors include a sister. Richard L. Zuber Ph.D. ’61 of Winston-Salem, on Sept. 15, 2014. An Army veteran and military historian, he began his teaching career in 1961 as an assistant professor of history at the Citadel in Charleston, S.C. He was a member of the South Carolina Unorganized Militia. Later, he chaired the history department at Wake Forest University, where he retired as professor emeritus. He published books and articles on history and polio. He is survived by his wife, Mary; a stepdaughter; and two grandsons. James B. Griffin A.M. ’62 of Owasso, Okla., on Aug. 28, 2014. He was a college professor for 40 years. He is survived by his wife, Candice; a son; a daughter; and two stepchildren. Michael R. Richards A.M. ’62 of Chattanooga, Tenn., on Sept. 1, 2014. In the Navy, he served as a torpedo man on a submarine during the Korean War. From 1961 until his retirement in 2001, he was an English professor at the University of Chattanooga and the University of Tennessee-Chattanooga. He is survived by his wife, Julie; four daughters; two sons; and three granddaughters. Joe D. Bellamy ’63 of Sanford, Fla., on Aug. 5, 2014. A writer and teacher, he was the founding editor and publisher of Fiction International magazine. He taught at the University of Iowa, Virginia Wesleyan College, St. Lawrence University, George Mason University, and East Carolina University, where he was Whichard Distinguished Professor in humanities. He wrote and edited many books, some of them award-winning, and recently had published a novel, Green Freedom. He was president of both the Associated Writing Program and the Coordinating Council of Literary Magazines, director of the literature program of the National Endowment for the Arts, and a member of the National Book Critics Circle. He is survived by his wife, Connie; a daughter; a son; and four grandchildren. Roger L. Decker LL.B. ’63 of East Wenatchee, Wash., on March 24, 2014. During the Korean War, he served in the Army as a construction surveyor. He later practiced law for 35 years at the firm he founded in Bellevue, Wash., Boyd & Decker. He is survived by his wife, Marlene; four sons; and seven grandchildren. John C. Dunn B.D. ’63 of Mocksville, N.C., on Aug. 2, 2014. He was retired CEO and president of Mocksville Savings & Loan, now SunTrust Bank. He established a fund at the Davie Community Foundation in Mocksville to assist in literacy and early childhood education. He is survived by

his wife, Terry; four children; a brother; a sister; and six grandchildren. Thomas F. Gordon M.A.T. ’63 of Raleigh, on July 24, 2014. He graduated from the U.S. Military Academy in 1940, serving assignments in the U.S., Germany, and the Asia-Pacific region before retiring in 1961. He later was a mathematics instructor at Duke and N.C. State University. He is survived by his wife, Dorothy R. Miller Gordon ’39; two sons, Thomas F. Gordon Jr. ’66 and Alexander M. Gordon M.Ed. ’77; a daughter-in-law, Carolyn A. Franck Gordon ’72; three grandchildren; and two great-grandchildren. William D. Clarkson HS ’64 of Floyd, Va., on Aug. 1, 2014. He served in the Army as a medical officer, then was in private psychiatric practice for nearly 50 years in Salem, Va., at Lewis Gale Psychiatric Center (now Lewis Gale Medical Center for Behavioral Health). He also did consulting work at the mental-health clinics in Rocky Mount, Martinsville, Roanoke, and Pearisburg. Survivors include two sons; a daughter; a sister; four grandchildren; and his former wife, Sylvia Fortune. William A. Kyler LL.B. ’64 of New Philadelphia, Ohio, on Aug. 27, 2014. He served as a district officer in the British Colonial Service in the Fiji Islands. After beginning his law career in Cleveland, he joined the New Philadelphia firm Smith, Renner, Hanhart, Miller & Kyler. He focused on general civil litigation, health law, corporate law, and estate planning with his most recent firm, Kyler, Pringle, Lundholm & Durmann. He held leadership positions in the Tuscarawas County YMCA, the United Way of Tuscarawas County, and the New Philadelphia school board. He is survived by his wife, Teuila; four sons; two daughters; his mother; a brother; and eight grandchildren. Mary E. Wirtenson Petersen A.M. ’64 of Damariscotta, Maine, on July 7, 2014. She was a zoologist who conducted research around the world and had 11 marine species and an African earthworm named after her. Survivors include a cousin and a niece. Cynthia J. Herpich Clark ’65 of Hendersonville, N.C., on Aug. 24, 2014. She worked as a florist at the Colonial Greenhouse in Litchfield, Conn., for many years before starting her own business making slipcovers and draperies. Her work was published in Architectural Digest. Survivors include a son; her mother; three sisters; a grandson; and her former husband, Angus Nicholson Jr. Joseph C. Dunlap ’65 of Durham, on Aug. 28, 2014. He served in the Navy before working for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency as a supervisory auditor for 43 years. Survivors include several cousins, nieces, and nephews. Gordon K. Klintworth HS ’65 of Durham, on Aug. 8, 2014. He retired from Duke University

Medical Center in 2014 after 52 years of service. He was the Joseph Wadsworth Distinguished Professor of Ophthalmology and a professor of pathology who specialized in the cornea. He created a website to help people living in rural areas around the world find information about eye diseases. In 2010, he was awarded the Distinguished Faculty Award by the Duke Medical Alumni Association, and, in 2014, the Duke University Medical Center created a lectureship in his honor. He is survived by his wife, Felicity; three children, including Sandra H. Klintworth ’88; a brother; and four grandchildren. Fred Falls Jr. B.D. ’66 of Gastonia, N.C., on July 28, 2014. He was a minister in the United Methodist Church, with appointments throughout North Carolina, for 45 years. He is survived by a son, a daughter, and two granddaughters. Sandra Forrester Dufresne ’67 of Milford, Del., on Aug. 8, 2014. She was ordained as a United Methodist minister and served churches in Pennsylvania, Connecticut, and New Jersey. Church conferences took her to countries around the world, and she spent time in Peru as a missionary. She taught religious studies at Albright College and Moravian. Survivors include two daughters; a sister; two grandchildren; and a cousin, Cynthia P. Forrester ’74. Sandra M. Smith M.D. ’67 of Tucson, Ariz., on July 7, 2014. After completing her residency at St. Louis Children’s Hospital, she made a career in pediatrics, caring for children in Arizona, Colorado, and California. She also volunteered overseas as a physician in El Salvador, Saudi Arabia, Brazil, Sri Lanka, and a Cambodian refugee camp. She is survived by a brother and a sister. Stephen M. Goldman ’68 of Washington, on July 10, 2014. He was a Distinguished Lecturer in law at the Catholic University of America’s Columbus School of Law and taught at George Washington University. A former clerk with Justice John Paul Stevens in the U.S. Court of Appeals, he received a doctorate at Oxford University as a Ford Foundation scholar. He wrote Temptations in the Office: Ethical Choices and Legal Obligations and lectured on ethics at programs for the National Institute of Trial Advocacy. He is survived by his wife, Allison; his mother; and a sister. Carol J. Whetstone Hardin ’68 of Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, on July 15, 2014. Survivors include a brother. Edmund A. Mason M.A.T. ’68 of Brick Township, N.J., on Aug. 25, 2014. He was a science teacher for Wall Township schools as well as owner and operator of Pineland Canoes. An outdoorsman and sea captain, he raced motorcycles, power boats, sail boats, canoes, and kayaks. He is survived by his wife, Elizabeth; two daughters; a son; a brother; seven grandchildren; and a great-grandson.

Patricia Hensley Smith ’68 of Plano, Texas, on July 24, 2014. She had a long career in technical writing, communications, and management, working for companies such as IBM and Texas Instruments. Later, she worked as an Aflac insurance agent, receiving multiple production awards. Survivors include a son, Patrick H. Douglass ’00; a stepdaughter; and a sister. Thomas D. Beardmore HS ’69, HS ’71 of Downey, Calif., on July 22, 2014. He had a long career in treating chronic diseases, serving as a professor of clinical medicine at the University of Southern California for many years. As chief of rheumatology at Rancho Los Amigos National Rehabilitation Center, he became an expert in the rehabilitation of patients severely disabled by rheumatic diseases. He is survived by his wife, Carol; two daughters; and five grandchildren. Bruce W. Lilienthal J.D. ’69 of Daly City, Calif., on July 22, 2014. He was a longtime advocate for small businesses in San Francisco, cofounding the Small Business Network in 1984. In 1986, he became the first president of San Francisco’s Small Business Advisory Commission, helping to draft the city’s original rent-board laws. After the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake, he offered free legal advice to landlords and tenants who had lost their homes. He also taught international business at City College of San Francisco for nearly 20 years. He is survived by his wife, Kathleen, and a brother. Virginia A. Senechal ’70 of Asheville, N.C., on July 13, 2014. She worked as a grant writer and editor for the University of Washington and as a legal aide in Asheville. An avid photographer, she was a secretary for the Elisha Mitchell Audubon Society and printed a yearly calendar with pictures of birds. She is survived by her mother; two brothers, including Peter K. Senechal ’71; sister-in-law Diana L. Daffin Senechal ’71; and five nieces and nephews, including Sara T. Senechal Walker ’03. Evelyn C. Sweet-Hurd ’70 of Conyers, Ga., on Aug. 21, 2014. She taught English as an assistant professor at Savannah College of Art and Design, was on the faculty of Oxford College of Emory University, and was upper-school director for The Eastminster School in Conyers. Her book His Name Was Donn: My Brother’s Letters From Vietnam was a finalist for the 2008 USA Best Book Award. Survivors include her husband, Phillip; a son; a daughter; and a sister, Joan M. Sweet Brault ’60. Mitchell W. Dale ’71 of Arlington, Va., on Aug. 24, 2014. He practiced law with various firms in the Washington area and served as a senior trial attorney in the civil rights division of the Department of Justice. Later, he served as legal adviser in the Office of General Counsel and as counsel to the chair at the U.S. International Trade Commission. Survivors include his wife, Melissa Martin; a son; a daughter; two stepsons; his mother, DUKE MAGAZINE



Kathleen H. Watkins Dale-Foreman ’43; and a sister. Bruce W. Dixon HS ’71 of Forest Hills, Pa., on Feb. 20, 2013. An Air Force doctor during the Vietnam War, he made a career in public health. After joining the faculty at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, he worked at the Allegheny Health Department’s Sexually Transmitted Disease Clinic, becoming head of the program with the advent of AIDS. He served as health department director for 20 years. Franklin O. Loveland III A.M. ’71, Ph.D. ’75 of Gettysburg, Pa., on June 28, 2014. He spent 25 years on the faculty at Gettysburg College, where he taught anthropology. One of his hobbies was collecting antique trains and toys, and he belonged to the Train Collectors Association. He is survived by his wife, Christine; a son; a daughter; and a sister. Martin D. Fox Ph.D. ’72 of Storrs Mansfield, Conn., on July 13, 2014. A veteran of the Army Medical Service Corps, he was a professor of electrical and biomedical engineering at the University of Connecticut for 37 years. He patented multiple designs for medical technology and published a

cover article in the journal Nature. He and his brother, Jeffrey, won a medal for doubles tennis in the World Medical Games in France. He is survived by his wife, Karla Harbin Fox ’68, J.D. ’71; two daughters; a son; a brother; and several grandchildren. Gregg A. Schwotzer ’72 of McMurray, Pa., on Aug. 8, 2014. He was most recently CEO and president of Crossgates Inc., a real-estate development company, and its subsidiaries as well as chair of the board for Homewood Renaissance. He served as president of the Pennsylvania Statewide Alliance and the National Association of Industrial and Office Properties, as well as on the board of the Capital Region Economic Development Corp. Survivors include his wife, Pamela; a daughter; his father; and a brother. Mark A. Dale B.S.E. ’73 of Oklahoma City, Okla., on June 14, 2014. An Eagle Scout and former Duke cheerleader, he served as executive treasurer at Midland Mortgage Co. before joining his father’s home-building company, Carriage Homes. He took over the company and served on local and state home-builder associations. He is survived by his wife, Lark; a son; a stepson; his mother; a sister; a brother; and two granddaughters.


Imagine … a garden of serenity, with exquisite plantings and shaded benches where family and friends can gather and reflect, in the heart of Duke Gardens.

For information, please contact: 919-684-5579 • * Duke University estimates that the nondeductible, fair market value of this service is $500; please review this matter with your personal tax advisors.


Photos by Duke Photography & Robert Ayers.

Donors who have contributed $25,000 or more to the Sarah P. Duke Gardens Endowment Fund may have the opportunity for their ashes to be interred in the Memorial Garden.*

M. Lael Wyckoff Jackson B.S.N. ’73, M.S.N. ’95 of Durham, on Sept. 10, 2014. She had a career in nursing at the Duke University Medical Center, where she was in charge of nursing orthopaedic services of the operating room. After working at Duke for 22 years, she became nurse manager of the operating room at the VA Hospital in Durham. She is survived by her husband, David. Juan Maurice Corders ’77 of Fayetteville, N.C., on July 23, 2014. Dennis E. Wieczorek J.D. ’77 of Chicago, on July 12, 2014. He was a lawyer, specializing in international franchising, licensing, antitrust, and distribution law for more than 30 years. At DLA Piper, he served as chair of the U.S. franchise and distribution group practice area. He also served as general counsel to the International Franchise Association. Survivors include his wife, Marla; two daughters; a son; his father; a brother; and a grandson. Guy R. Lambert Jr. ’82 of Durham, on July 15, 2014. He was a longtime research biologist for the Environmental Protection Agency in Research Triangle Park. He cowrote several scientific papers and book chapters on environmental issues. Survivors include a sister.

Deborah L. Johnson Robson ’82 of Richmond, Va., on Sept. 10, 2014. She worked at The Steward School for 15 years in various positions, including tutor, middle-school math teacher, admissions director, and associate head of the school for community advancement. Survivors include her husband, Kenneth, and two sons. Susan E. Norman Vickers M.Div. ’84 of Greensboro, on Aug. 22, 2014. She lettered in field hockey at UNC-CH and worked for the Winston-Salem Parks and Recreation Department before coming to Duke. She spent 23 years as the senior associate pastor at Christ United Methodist Church in Greensboro. Survivors include her husband, Mark M. Norman Vickers M.Div. ’86; a son; her father; and two sisters. H. Brooks Britt ’85 of Mill Valley, Calif., on June 21, 2014. He worked for three years in New York with a marketing firm before returning to Durham. As the producer and director of Durham’s Park Amphitheater, he oversaw completion of the park and the first year of production, working with the N.C. Arts Council and the N.C. Museum of Arts. Later, he moved to California, establishing BENT Enterprises and working as a creative consultant. In Mill Valley, he was an educational mentor and admissions representative for Duke. Survivors include his mother, two brothers, and a sister. Gary W. Neal HS ’85 of Knoxville, Tenn., on May 15, 2014. He ran a family medical practice in Bristol, Tenn., for eight years. Survivors include a daughter, a brother, and a sister. Kurt H. Hupe ’92, M.E.M. ’94 of Portland, Ore., on Aug. 31, 2014. An environmental advocate, he devoted his life to sustainability, permaculture, and the preservation of trees and wood. He served as director and communications specialists

for land trusts, spoke to the United Nations about ethical trade, and worked with investors to steer them toward ethical investments. He was also an artist. He fashioned sculptures from reclaimed wood, one of which will be donated to Duke. At the time of his death, he was writing a book about physical and psychic healing, writing a short story about his two dogs, and choreographing a balletic opera. Survivors include his parents and a sister.

marketing manager for the Cleveland Clinic Foundation before becoming director of strategic and clinical services planning for the Duke University Health System. In 2006, she returned to Cleveland to become vice president of marketing for University Hospitals. She finished her career as senior director of strategic planning at the Cleveland Clinic Foundation. She is survived by two sons; her parents; a sister; and her significant other, Kevin Wiese.

Sherri King O’Connor ’96 of Charlottesville, Va., on Sept. 7, 2014. She began her career on Wall Street as a director with Credit Suisse First Boston, then held positions with Bear Stearns, JPMorgan Chase, and Stifel, Nicolaus & Co. She left Wall Street for the University of Virginia Investment Management Co. in Charlottesville, where she was responsible for risk management and high-yield debt trading. She was a board member at the Montessori School of Charlottesville and a former board member of New Heights Youth Inc., a New York education foundation. She is survived by her husband, Patrick; two sons; a daughter; and her parents.

Holly A. Gaudette M.Div. ’08 of Morris Plains, N.J., on July 27, 2014. She was a chaplain at New York University Langone Medical Center. She is survived by her spouse, Pamela Bell; her parents; her stepparents; a grandmother; and a stepbrother.

Sara A. Sherman ’96 of Sudbury, Mass., on Sept. 2, 2014. The owner of Research Plus Consultants, she spent her junior year at the London School of Economics. Survivors include her parents and two brothers. Lee B. Walker ’98 of Jackson Hole, Wyo., on Aug. 1, 2014. He began his career as an investment banker at Morgan Stanley & Co., and he lived in both Tokyo and New York. He was a founding partner and managing director of Owner Resource Group, a private-equity firm. He is survived by his wife, Carrie; his parents; a grandmother; two brothers; and two sisters. Sally B. Simmons M.B.A. ’02 of Chagrin Falls, Ohio, on July 12, 2014. She began her career as a

Madeline B. Boccuzzi M.S. ’12 of Long Beach, Calif., on July 30, 2014. She was a strategic affiliations manager at Keck Medical Center at the University of Southern California. Survivors include her husband, Ryan; her parents; a brother; and her grandparents. Kaila M. Brown A.M. ’12 of Durham, on Sept. 21, 2014. She was a fifth-year graduate student working toward a doctorate in English and was heavily involved with the Center for Philosophy, Arts, and Literature at Duke. She enjoyed traveling with her program and spent two summers in London as an assistant to a professor and teaching a class. Survivors include her parents and four siblings. Alexander L. Rickabaugh B.M.E. ’17 of Durham, on Sept. 22, 2014. He was a decorated student who was inducted into several honor societies. A world traveler, he had been to China, Europe, and Qatar. He was training to be licensed as an EMT, and he was co-president of Youth Habitat for Humanity. Survivors include his mother, Yvonne Pazdalski Rickabaugh M.B.A. ’89; his father; grandmothers; and a brother.


Looking for ways to reach an exclusive clientele? Advertise with Duke Magazine and access more than 120,000 potential clients in the Duke family. For rates, requirements, deadlines, and all other questions, check out, or e-mail us at ACCOMMODATIONS:

Paris Marais Luxury rental in center of Paris. Close proximity Picasso Museum, Centre Pompidou and other historical sites as well as gourmet shops of Rue de Bretagne. See owner’s website at


Stan Padgett, a 1982 Duke Law graduate, is an AV Rated, Tampa, Florida, civil trial lawyer who handles litigation of most business matters in state and federal courts throughout Florida as sole or local counsel, and does business organization, counseling and contract review. 813-230-9098 or DUKE MAGAZINE




A little-known room with a view Few get to visit this space in the chapel tower. By Valerie Gillispie


ach spring, seniors are given the opportunity to climb to the top of the chapel tower and take in the stunning views. Within the tower are the carillon bells that ring each day at 5 p.m., as well as during university ceremonies. The chapel is perhaps Duke’s best-known building. But what is not well known is that a rarely visited room lies beneath the carillon level, about halfway up the tower. The octagonal stone room has a high ceiling, perhaps twenty feet tall, and views of the campus through narrow windows. There are few objects in the room, but the walls are embedded with several special stones removed from other buildings. One stone is etched “Trinity College / Founded 1859 / Removed 1891.” Whether this stone was in an original Trinity College building in Randolph County is not clear—cornerstones aren’t typically carved in anticipation of an end date. We do know, however, that this stone originally was installed in the Washington Duke building, the major campus building at Trinity College when it opened in Durham. Interestingly, 1891 was meant to be the year of the opening, but because of the structural failure and collapse of the building, the move had to be delayed until 1892. The Washington Duke Building also contained the

THEN&NOW SORORITIES Omicron Chapter of Alpha Delta Pi is formed with six members, the first sorority with a national chapter on campus.

1911 78

Trinity College bell, which had been transported to Durham from Randolph County. When the Washington Duke building burned in 1912, neither the bell nor the stone had a logical home until they were both placed in the chapel tower room. The bell has since been relocated to the Bell Tower dormitory on East Campus. The room also contains two slab-type stones that were removed from Craven Memorial Hall, one of the original East Campus buildings. Craven was torn down in the mid-1920s, but these large slabs specify the building committee, architect, and builder, as well as proclaiming that the building was “erected to the memory of Braxton Craven, D.D., LL.D., Founder of Trinity College, under the auspices of the Alumni Association.” There is little documentation as to how the room might be used, other than as a sort of vault for historical artifacts— there is no mention of it in the Chapel Dedication program. It was used only for general storage for many years after the chapel was completed in 1932. But, in 1967, the Services Committee of the Duke YMCA, headed by Murray Brown ’69, set up a miniature history museum in the space. Cases in the room contained historic correspondence, photographs, and other materials related to Duke history. The


Delta Phi Rho Alpha gives rolling pins to pledges during sorority rush the year the Woman’s College was established.

Delta Delta Delta sorority sisters pose for a 1957 Chanticleer photo.


museum was open only on Saturdays and Monday afternoons. The room, which has no climate control for hot or cold weather, was not ideal for storing archival items. Whether through lack of interest, lack of access, or perhaps the establishment of the University Archives in 1972, the room ceased being used as a history museum in the mid-1970s and has been mostly empty since then. Today, it is still accessible only through the tiny elevator and spiral staircase that provide access to the chapel tower. This curious room—a reminder that our long North Carolina roots stretch back to Randolph County—is a special treat for a few lucky visitors each year. —Gillispie is the university archivist.

1975 Alpha Kappa Alpha and Delta Sigma Theta establish the first black sorority chapters on campus, both of which are still active.

Photos courtesy Duke University Archives


Delta Sigma Theta hosts a jazz dance, as documented in this poster.

A friendly competition among sororities in Wallace Wade Stadium


Gamma Phi Beta is the most recent sorority to found a chapter on campus.






America’s history is written into its music. These sheets of feel-good summertime

music for voice and piano are artifacts of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. They’re part of the American Sheet Music Project, a historic collection of more than 3,000 pieces stored in the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book and Manuscript Library. The assortment includes waltzes, operas, musicals, polkas, spirituals, war tunes, and songs of the Tin Pan Alley variety. Preserving these sheets is tricky: Paper made from rags tends to hold up well, while music printed on cheaper wood pulp paper quickly becomes brittle. -Elizabeth Van Brocklin


Megan Mendenhall

“Duke opens doors to opportunities and challenges us to expand our minds and to pursue lifelong learning,” said trustee and former Duke Alumni Association (DAA) president Jeff Howard ’76 and his wife, Carson Dowd Howard ’76. As alumni and Duke parents, the couple continues to be inspired by the energy of intelligent and motivated learners at Duke. That’s why the Howards made a gift of stock to fund a charitable remainder unitrust to benefit DAA, Sarah P. Duke Gardens, and a student scholarship fund. “Our family is pleased



to provide future students with similar opportunities to be challenged, grow, and contribute to their communities.” YOUR INSPIRATION IS JUST THE STARTING POINT. No matter what inspires you to give back, our expert team can help you honor the memories, people, and places that matter to you. Smart charitable planning—at any giving level—may enable you to do more than you thought possible while propelling Duke forward. Contact us today to unleash your inner philanthropist.

OFFICE OF GIFT PLANNING (919) 681-0464 |

Autumn is a great time for alumni of all ages, as well as students, to engage, connect, and celebrate on campus. This year’s Homecoming weekend includes the Duke vs. Boston College football game, the Class of 2015 First Year Reunion, affinity group gatherings, and more!

DAA Volunteers: Don’t miss our Volunteer Leadership Conference on Friday, October 2









Reunions 2016 Always a Devilishly Good Time. If your class year ends in a 1 or 6, start planning now for your Duke Reunion: April Go to for more information.

15-17, 2016.

It never gets old Five views of a fifth title p.20

The chapel’s many roles p.24

A student works for justice p.36

Profile for DukeMagazine

Duke Magazine Summer 2015  

Five views of a fifth championship, debating and dissecting the multiple layers of Duke Chapel, and a law student struggles to free a man an...

Duke Magazine Summer 2015  

Five views of a fifth championship, debating and dissecting the multiple layers of Duke Chapel, and a law student struggles to free a man an...


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