Friday, May 12, 2006 Volume XLXIII Issue No. 12
THE MOUNDS VIEW HIGH SCHOOL
‘Just think. Think of the consequences’ SADD-sponsored speakers, Ghost Out, remind students of drunk driving dangers
By Kit Hale staff writer
On the days leading up to Prom weekend, Mounds View student group Students Against Destructive Decision-Making (SADD) organized various presentations, displays, and activities to raise awareness of the disasters that so often accompany drunk driving. The events were intentionally planned for the days preceding Prom. SADD member, Mallory Blumer, 11, said, “People make a lot of bad decisions around Prom.” On Thursday before Prom, MV juniors and seniors attended a presentation by Minnesotans For Safe Driving, a Minnesota-based volunteer group which educates the community on the dangers of drunk driving. The presentation featured two speakers who were particularly affected by drunk drivers. The first speaker, Amy Wells, was responsible for the death of another driver when she collided head on with another car while traveling the wrong way down Highway 35 in Burnsville on St. Patrick’s Day. The other speaker, Jon Cummings, told about the death of his son Phillip who bled to death,
photo by Katie Vogel
Three SADD members dressed up as Grim Reapers on Friday, May 5, and took 30 pre-selected students out of class. The students had their faces painted white to symbolize the death caused by drunk driving accidents. trapped in his car after being hit by The events on May 5 included a drunk driver with a .34 blood- the twisted and mangled car which alcohol level. was the death bed for the girl feaThe presentation included tured in the video broadcast on the posters of crushed cars in the school’s television system on May Commons and biographies dedicat- 4. The car was placed by the lower ed to retelling victims’ stories. school entrance so that many jun“We just wanted to do some- iors and seniors would see it as they thing before Prom,” said SADD arrived at school. member Lauren Davies, 11, who “[The car] shows the conseplayed a major role in organizing quences of drunk driving,” said the days, along with Blumer. SADD member Zach Bell, 11.
SADD also organized a “Ghost Out” for Friday, May 5. The Ghost Out featured three SADD members dressed as Grim Reapers. The ghastly figures went into classes and took 30 pre-selected students out of class. These 30 participants had their faces painted white and were not allowed to speak the rest of the day to symbolize the consequences of drunken driving. At the end of the day, the three Reapers, along with the 30 whiteface students, stood near the crushed car as a reminder to students to have a safe Prom. “Alcohol is a problem at Mounds View regardless of the time of the year,” said Principal Julie Wikelius. “Many students think they don’t have the total Prom experience without it.” “Prom should be an occasion remembered not by accidents and unfortunate events, but by the moments we spend with each other,” said Bell. Jon’s son Phillip died 12 years and 7 days ago today. “Just think. Think of the consequences,” said Jon. “Hopefully some of you guys will listen.”
Annual fair spreads to entire week
By Eddy Kwon staff writer
What do Mr. Wright, Korean rap, and Chinese food have in common? Well, not much, but that's why they are all to be included in Diversity Council's "Diversity Week," starting May 22. With a combination of multicultural food, music, sports, clothing and an end-of-the-week picnic and cricket extravaganza, this student-run series of events will replace the annual "Diversity Fair" put on by MV's Diversity Council. Coordinator and Diversity Council President Himadhari Sharma, 11, says the goal of Diversity Week is to expose MV students to not only the different cultures present at MV, but to different ideas and in doing so, promote a sense of tolerance. "I really do hope Diversity Week becomes a tradition,” said Sharma. “It's a good way for MV to get a good taste of other cultures." The five-day cultural festival will commence with food day on May 22, where students will be able to sample recipes from different countries during all lunches. Candy and snacks—compliments of India, China and France (to name a few)—will be one of many goodies available for students. "I'm really looking forward to food day because it’ll be a delicious way to sample other cultures,” said Sophie Frank, 11. In addition, an information booth will be in the cafeteria each day, stimulating the minds and bellies of students and offering valuable information on the different cultures present at Mounds View. On the second day, the cafeteria will be filled with the sounds of the world as traditional melodies from China, India, France and Korea echo through the cafeteria. International pop, hip-hop and rap will also be given fair airtime —
reminding students they aren’t the only ones who can appreciate a “phat” beat. Wednesday is sports day, where instructions on how to play world sports will be provided at the informational booth during lunches. Centered among the athletic mosaic, students will be able to hone their cricket skills in preparation for Friday's matches. Following sports day will be a day dedicated to international apparel. Fashion enthusiasts and curious onlookers alike will have the opportunity to view an array of traditional clothing from around the world, including India, China and more. The apparel will be on display in the information booth as well as in the halls of MV. "People will be wearing different cultural clothes the whole day and you'll have to get signatures from them. There will be a prize for the person with the most signatures," said Sharma. The prize, still a mystery, will be unveiled during the final day of festivities. The final picnic and cricket jamboree will be held on May 26, at Central Park in Roseville where there will be more delectable edibles, tunes, games, and of course … cricket. Chemistry teacher Graham Wright will teach the intricacies of the game, along with a real-live cricket team from St. Cloud State University. All of the Diversity Week events will be free of charge, but picnickers are encouraged to bring additional food to share. Students interested in getting involved with Diversity Week should talk to Sharma, Mr. Wonkemi or any Diversity Council member. Diversity Week will run from May 22 – 26.
NEWS IN BRIEF On April 20, the Shoreview City Hall hosted the second annual cultural expo. Wonkemi Gongar, MVHS community liaison, is a cofounder of the expo, an event highlighting a wide variety of cultures, including Ghanaian, Indian, Irish, Liberian, and Swedish. El Karnwie-Tuah, 12, a two-year participant of the expo with his rap group, D-Mine, said, “When we performed, last year, we got a lot of compliments from the older people who don’t listen to hip hop, and we got invited to perform at the Slice of Shoreview.” This year’s expo, according to Gongar, had about 20 participants and 70 attendees.
By Percy Botchway staff writer
photo by Katie Vogel
Accelerated Chemistry teacher, Graham Wright, along with a cricket team from St. Cloud State University, will be teaching cricket at Central Park during Diversity Council’s cultural picnic on May 26.
Earth Day, celebrated each year on April 22, went by this year almost unrecognized by Mounds View. However, MV’s Synergy, a group dedicated to helping the planet, spent the day staying true to the Earth Day spirit. Synergy members went to an organic farm in Wisconsin to help plant crops and pull weeds. “There is a difference between caring about the earth and actually doing something for it,” said Allison Hammerly, 11, co-president of Synergy. Co-president Eric Kramlinger, 12, said, “To me it means people respecting their planet and coming together as a whole to admire the great place we live.” “[It’s] a day to remember what we need to do to keep the Earth. It is a reminder of all we have,” said Hammerly.
By Lauren Thornton
MAY 12, 2006
MV talks trash Students mistake Mounds View’s halls for a garbage can
By Liz Roemer staff writer Things to do before June 1
Learn to read Seduce the Popsicle Man Stop being a hobo
Slay your arch nemesis
Congratulate Kushal Take a bath in Cartwright’s sink Stop procrastinating
Start procrastinating Try to forget about Sept 6-May 31
Editor-in-Chief Hannah Goldberg Managing Editor Alex Eldridge News Emilie Wei Editorials Matt Hoffman Commentary Josh Bornstein Features Kendall Dole Adam Ruffner Spread Laura Regan Lauren Tjernlund Variety Katie Moret Reviews Will Haine Sports Sierra Krebsbach Dan Pastorius Gallery Alesha Durkot Business Manager Kaitlin Ostlie Photographers/Artists Katie Vogel Kit Hale Advisor Martha Rush Assistant Advisor David Weinberg Staff Ashley Aram, Lauren Bennett, Courtney Bona, Alex Bonemeyer, Michael Bonin, Percy Botchway, Anna Brockway, Nick Cairl, Makinzie Cole, Patrick Delahunt, Louise Dickson, Christina Florey, Kathleen Gormley, Eddy Kwon, Alice Liu, Laura Linder-Scholer, Ben Messerly, Graham Odean, Big Pete, Katy Queensland, Elizabeth Roemer, Katie Rolbiecki, Rebecca Shaw, Graham Clark, Lauren Thornton, Megan Wang. “I had a stick of Carefree gum, but it didn't work. I felt pretty good while I was blowing that bubble, but as soon as the gum lost its flavor, I was back to pondering my mortality.” - The other MH
The Viewer is published by the student editors at: Mounds View High School 1900 Lake Valentine Road Arden Hills, Minnesota The Viewer is printed by: Crow Wing Press
The pungent scent wafts up and hits full force. Half-empty Gatorade bottles and wads of strawberry bubble gum line the path, as discarded notes containing pink highlighter marks and numerous exclamation points catch your eye. No, this is not your local garbage dump. It’s the hallways of Mounds View. It has come to my attention recently that not only do MV students refuse to recycle; they just plain refuse to throw away their trash. Although the trip to a hallway garbage can is a long and arduous one, it’s worth it. Not only are you feeding the newly decorated garbage bins, courtesy of student council, but you’re relieving the workload from our janitorial staff. With only a few janitors on shift at any given time, it’s difficult for them to completely clean our school even without unnecessary garbage cluttering the hallways. By throwing your trash on the floor, you’re disrespecting the hard-working staff that helps to keep this school spotless, and also disrespecting our school. One example of this rude behavior lay by the auditorium. Literally. Recently, the administration installed a plastic window screen over an alcove in preparation for a TV to be installed, much like the one in the commons. Days after its installation, trash filled it from corner to corner. Scraps of paper, broken CDs, pencil stubs, cookie wrap-
pers, and other various small items had been shoved under the inch gap by, most likely, MV students. The janitorial staff had to take off the window, clean out the trash, and reconfigure the window, so the crack would be smaller. This isn’t the only example
inside. The speech team, as well as every team in MV, has worked hard for the trophies located inside their case, and deserve to have a clean space to display them. Various school organizations and the administration haven’t given up on this debris dilemma.
photo illustration by Kit Hale
Students point out one example of the careless ways people have left their trash in the hallways of Mounds View. of trash being placed in spots other than garbage cans. Many trophy cases, the Speech case in particular, have fallen victim as well. The gap between the two sliding glass doors of the trophy case is wide enough that smashed pint milk cartons from the cafeteria, bottle caps, and used sucker sticks now reside
Along with the decorated hallway garbage cans aimed to entice students to throw away their trash, recycle bins in the shape of pop bottles have been placed in the hallways and lunchroom to encourage recycling. Get it? Big pop bottle=Recycle your pop bottle. However, this revelation has-
n’t occurred to many students, as when forced to choose between the garbage can and the recycling bins, even when they are next to each other, several will choose the trash, or better yet, the hallway! With all this garbage littering the hallways, walls, and trophy cases, it’s no wonder the school rule of banning food and drink outside the lunchroom was instilled, not to mention the rumors flying of a closed lunch next year. Let’s face it, we kind of deserve it. Ideas from various students on how to solve this mess include punishing those who litter, instilling stricter cafeteria policies, forming a group of students that pick up garbage (much like Synergy) or taking a day off school where all grades participate in a major school clean up. However, there are flaws in these ideas. Stricter rules may lead to a rebellion, not to mention that many students may refuse to throw away their trash using the school group as an excuse. It’s also unlikely that the administration would be willing to give up a precious school day, even if it’s for the betterment of our school. Above all, these solutions are a temporary way out from a seemingly permanent solution. However, there is one way to clean up the hallways, help the janitors, gain respect from your teachers, and make our school a squeaky clean learning environment: Throw away your friggin’ trash!
Why you think what you think
By Ben Messerly staff writer
With the teenage mind comes depth and confusion. The concept of government and all of its mechanisms are intriguing. What sparks the thoughts in our head? What kinds of things mold our ideas on government and politics? The most commonly studied (and possibly the most important) factor that affects political opinion is the influence of one’s parents. Dr. Kay Schaffer, psychology teacher and political science scholar, believes that parents are the largest factor that determines one’s political beliefs. “There is no doubt that all parents determine their child’s political positions,” Schaffer said. “Of course there are exceptions, but until they [the child] are out on their own in the world, you don’t see a lot of independent thinking.” Many students, though, believe that their parental influence is minimal. “My parents definitely have some say in my beliefs, but I don’t like to think that I’m very easily influenced,” said Andrew Chirhart, 10. “We’re all socialized by our parents to some extent, that is undeniable,” said Matt Olander, 12, “but I try to look to myself for political opinions.” Interestingly, Schaffer
emphasized the fact that teenage angst and the need to reject authority do not specifically influence any of our beliefs concerning political policy. As people grow up and move away from home, they naturally become more independent of their parents and their accompanying political beliefs. But avoiding impressions from the world completely is unreasonable. Outside of the household, the mass media constantly bombards our heads with information, and advertisers know exactly what it takes to sell a product or a message to a teenager. The media’s methods for delivering up ideas are subtle, and it can be hard to find the political messages among flashy pictures and appealing sounds. “The media plays information down to a minute advertisement where the details are left out,” said Schaffer. “You’re more likely to pick up an image or soundbite rather than the full message.” A soundbite is a very short sound clip taken from a speech or an interview. The purpose of a soundbite is to summarize the main idea of the speaker’s statement, but the media can use them as quick phrases to catch your ear, oversimplify ideas, or to sell you something. Between media and parents, it would seem that political influence is inescapable. Not
even the classroom can claim complete political objectivity. In a 2006 political survey at MV, several students claimed that the teaching staff affected them politically one way or another. The political beliefs of educators are often knowledgeable and intelligent, and especially during this period of mental development, when our minds are particularly impressionable, it can be hard not to identify with a teacher that you respect. Recent statistics show that there also exist different voting trends in men and in women; where men generally vote more Republican, and women, more Democratic. “The biggest reason for this gap seems to involve attitude about size of government, gun control, spending programs aimed at the poor, and gay rights,” writes James Q. Wilson in American Government. Could your gender in fact determine your political beliefs? That may seem like a stretch. There are so many components that have impressions upon our beliefs; it can be hard to determine which actually apply to us. Many other belief-determining factors include religious beliefs, social status, and race and ethnicity. The list goes on. The way we view government policy, social, and political issues come down to our core values and morals, which may or may not derive from any of
these things that we experience everyday. The philosophical nature versus nurture debate involves the relative importance of one’s inherited qualities (“nature”) versus one’s personal experiences ("nurture") in determining individual behavior and traits. Though it is impossible to determine which of these arguments is “how things are,” it is unlikely that just nature, or just nurture mold your personality. A more realistic explanation is that it is a combination of both.
Dearest Readers By my latest count, there’s only one issue left for this school year! Unless my math skills have let me down again, this means there’s only one more opportunity to submit a letter to the Editor. The new regime would certainly appreciate the effort, so let’s get with the program, kick it into gear, and put the pedal to the metal. With love, The Editorials Editor
MAY 12, 2006
“Separate but equal” making a comeback? By Alex Bonemeyer staff writer
A recent bill passed in Nebraska that was signed into law by the governo,r has garnered national attention. The law separates the city of Omaha into three racially distinct school districts, one primarily white, one black, and the third Latino. The bill has left many outraged at the apparent state-sponsored segregation. At first glance it sounds like a clear violation to this country’s constitution. Under Brown v. Board of Education, segregation was deemed illegal in public schools, and the ‘separate but equal’ doc-
he people of Omaha should have the ability to decide what is best for them.
trine was struck down. Now for the twist. The bill was sponsored by Ernie Chambers, the only AfricanAmerican in the state senate.
Chambers’ reasoning behind the bill is a desire for his black constituents to control a school district where they are a majority. He argues that the school system is already segregated, since the Omaha Public Schools District suspended busing to integrate the public schools in the city in 1999. The bill has created much debate on many different levels. Too much debate, in fact. Not only has the legality of the bill come into question, but also the effectiveness of it. The bill has received far too much attention from the media, throwing around the word segregation in order to attract attention and evoke ignorant emotion. Under one scenario, one district would be approximately 70 percent white, another would be 57 percent black, and the third would be 40 percent Latino. These are hardly the “segregated” schools that we think of from the 1950s. In addition, the districts must adopt integration plans, or they could be dissolved. By no means are we going to see all-black schools, or all-white schools. Despite the amount of attention garnered by the plan, all three of the proposed districts would still have more diverse populations than many of the school districts in this country, including
Mounds View. I am not in support of the plan, however. I question the effectiveness of creating three school bureaucracies in the place of one; not only will it be less efficient, but it will pay three times as many people as are necessary. Despite my person feelings on the matter, my opinion, and that of the rest of America, should have no bearing on the Nebraska bill. The people of Omaha should have the ability to decide what is best for them without interference from the rest of the country. If they feel that drawing up districts in this way is the most efficient method to meet the needs of their students, they should have the ability to do it. Who are we to tell them how to educate their kids best? To suggest that they are not intelligent enough to decide what works best for their own children is arrogant. Not enough people are thinking logically about this plan. They are stirred into a frenzy by the media, and they are not looking at the details of the plan enough to make decisions properly. People are too scared of the word ‘segregation’ to consider a plan that may solve some of the problems that the citizens of Omaha feel plague their schools.
Day of Silence loud last year, quiet this year
By Anna Brockway staff writer
On April 13 and 14, 2005, Mounds View tried something new. In a politically passive environment, MV students got up and took a stand on a controversial, emotional issue. First was the Day of Silence, intended to increase awareness in the ways gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender people were silenced in society. The DOS featured pro-GLBT shirts and stickers, and students began to talk about the issue and discover what their classmates thought. Coming second was the Day of Truth, which was intended as a response to the DOS from a Christian viewpoint. While this day had anti-GLBT shirts and slogans, many students in support of the gay community wore shirts and handed out stickers protesting the DOT. These two days showed that there is still passion in this homogenous, conservative suburban school. They showed that students can and will exercise their right of free speech - by standing up for others’ rights through peaceful demonstrations and by disagreeing. This year’s national Day of Silence was scheduled for Wednesday, April 26. However, most students seemed to simply forget about the event. How could this hot issue be so neglected just one year later? One explanation is that this year’s students decided to take a safer course: real silence on the issue of gay and lesbian rights. While a handful of students stayed ‘silent’ throughout the day, their valiant protest effort was overshadowed by the com-
munity norm. No other action was taken to inform students of the event and the issues. Many students might have felt comfortable expressing their views if other people were, but no one took the lead. Rather than expressing opinions and growing through experience, the safe course was taken, holding back students’ thoughts. After all, it’s easier to deal with passive conformity than two days of eye-opening,
ow could this hot issue be so neglected one yearlater?
peaceful demonstration. “The freedom of speech is a formality based on the assumption that nobody has anything to say,” said Andrew Larkin, 10. Another explanation is our school policy for student-led groups, which limits where they can put posters. Last year, the MV GayStraight Alliance (GSA) put up posters all over the school a week before the Day of Silence. However, this year the rule was strictly enforced. There were no posters promoting the Day of Silence or Day of Truth. To many students, this indicated that the freedom of speech is not a right fully tolerated within schools. “I think it’s just the schools trying to control every aspect of what we can see and what we can’t,” said Jack Humphrey, 10.
Principal Julie Wikelius explained the policy, saying, “As a school we have to be mindful that there are people here with different belief systems, value systems, and we need to let everyone feel safe. “If you look at our mission statement, we need to be a respectful and including environment. If someone’s words create a non-inclusive or unsafe environment, that speech cannot be tolerated in the school community,” said Wikelius. Did last year’s protests make anyone uncomfortable? Last year’s demonstrations were amiable and eye-opening above all else, and they provided a healthy discussion base from which students could form their own opinions. Also, the DOS fulfilled its main goal – awareness. An anonymous member of the MV gay community said, “Last year, the GLBT community at MV felt included and supported by our peers. This year the feeling isn’t there as much – we don’t feel like they care enough to even try to create awareness.” While school policy in this sense is generally undisputed, the rule probably did contribute to this year’s lack of awareness. However, the loss of initiative for student protest also stemmed from the students themselves. In failing to inform, participate, or discuss, this important issue and exercise of free speech was left in the dark, foreshadowing daunting consequences ahead. As one bumper sticker states, “Ignore your rights and they’ll go away.”
photo courtesy coranix.com
Zacharias Moussaoui, the “fifth hijacker” in the 9/11 attacks, has been sentenced to life in prison, where he will spend 23 hours a day in his cell.
‘You will die with a whimper’ A controversial trial sends a would-be terrorist to life in prison According to the Washington By Kaitlin Ostlie Post, Aicha el-wafi, business manager Moussaoui’s mother, is quoted as saying, “"I wish France had On May 4, in front of a said that this French citizen courtroom filled with press should have been judged on and the families of 9/11 vicwhat he did and not on what tims, a life imprisonment senhe said, not because he is tence was set down for the Arabic… [France] preferred to would-be terrorist Zacharias give an Arab to please them Moussaoui. The jurors took seven days [America], for them to have a trial for 9/11, even though my to decide between life in son doesn't have anything to prison without parole or the do with 9/11." lethal injection. The trial, Even assuming guilt, opinwhich lasted eight weeks, was ions are divided. Former meant only to decide punishMayor of New York Rudy ment, not guilt. Giuliani, who testified during His response: "God curse the trial, said, "I certainly America. God bless and save believe the verdict should have Osama bin Laden—you will been death." never get him." Not exactly The decision not to enact the words of a repentant man. the death penalty was considU.S. District Court Judge ered a setback by the governLeonie Brinkema retaliated, ment. commenting, "You will die After the verdict was with a whimper," reminding made, Moussaoui was quoted Moussaoui that his death as saying, "America, you lost. would come after a long periI won," and that he was willod of suffering, and without ing to kill Americans "any glory. There was no crowd time, anywhere." reaction as the verdict was But how well does life in read. prison work for unrepentant In such an emotionally criminals? Prison is about trycharged case, it is difficult to decipher the truth from fervent ing to reform criminals in the hopes that they will someday opinion. As a result, I agree be able to reenter society as with the jury’s decision of life productive members. The imprisonment, and that the resolve of people like death penalty should be taken Moussaoui makes repentance off the table to prevent the killing of a man for reasons of and rehabilitation almost impossible, and puts a drain revenge, not the forth-claimed on our nation’s prison justice. resources. Others see it differThe jurors explained the reasons for their decision, cen- ently. “To a terrorist Muslim tering on Moussaoui’s troubled extremist like Moussaoui, childhood in and out of dying means in his mind he orphanages, emotional and will only go to heaven and be physical abuse by his father, rewarded for his cause,” said and the limited evidence that Matt Prokop, 11. “Life in he knew anything important prison means losing utterly about the terrorist hijackings. and he will have to live withMoussaoui is the first person to be convicted for his role out reward, suffering for him crimes.” in the 9/11 attacks; and it is Prokop also pointed out unlikely that Khalid Shaikh that as he is opposed to the Mohammed and Ramzi death penalty, a solution of life Binalshibh, masterminds of imprisonment would be moral the attack, will ever be and just. brought to trial. Moussaoui will spend 23 A French citizen of hours a day in his jail cell and Moroccan descent, Moussaoui one hour a day for recreation, was on the edge of the al not allowed contact with anyQaeda terrorist organization one. It is not to be considered that is responsible for the a “life” under any circumdeath of almost 3,000 people stances. on Sept. 11, 2001. Moussaoui Justice is best served was arrested a month before through avoiding the death the attacks, but by lying to penalty. Death would only federal investigators about his give the American populace a terrorism involvement, he was scapegoat and satisfaction of responsible for some of the vengeance. For Moussaoui, it deaths of 9-11 in the eyes of would mean an escape and a the law. fulfillment of his wishes. Some advocates for It is only logical that he is Moussaoui, including his forced to suffer for the rest of mother, have accused the his life. United States and France of using him as a scapegoat.
MAY, 12 2006
H C C E K
O U T
Visa and Nokia intruduce a chip in cell phones to act as a credit card for easy check out. Whether it’s going shopping, to dinner, or just out with friends, a teen never leaves without their two necessities: a cell phone and money. Now people in Japan are able to combine those two necessities into one, and America is not far behind. Visa and Nokia have come together to create an innovative combination by introducing the cellular wallet. How long until everyone at Mounds View “has” to have one?
“” It seems like too much
because phones already
have a lot of capabilities. It’s getting out of hand.
What it is/ how it works NTT DoCoMo, a Japanese wireless carrier, introduced the use of smart-cards to be installed in cell phones so they can be used as mobile wallets. You can fill it up with electronic cash. In Japan, these phones can be used almost anywhere that owns a machine coordinated to this system; use it in stores, restaurants, vending machines or for train rides and video rentals. In America, Visa invented Visa Wave smart technology to avoid the swiping of a credit card into a reader. Nokia is teaming up with Visa and is working on making it available to more cellular phone models. It will be available on the Nokia 3220 prototype phone first. “It’s a natural progression. There are more mobile phones
in the world today than plastic cards. We see this as a good marriage,” said Paul Jung, Visa Asia-Pacific’s regional head for emerging products and technology, in an interview with ABC news on abcnews.go.com. The cellular wallet is efficient without adding more weight to the cluster of technological devices many students already carry around. When you want to buy a drink at a vending machine, simply push a button that indicates electronic payment. A screen that displays the price appears, and you pay by placing the phone next to the display. A “fairylike tinkling sound” indicates money being extracted. The display then blinks the amount of money left in the phone. It’s electronic payment at the tip of your fingers.
Where it can be used Besides vending machines, these cellular wallets may be used for everyday expenses such as playing arcade games, buying snacks at the local convenience store, withdrawing
money or making purchases --even checking in at airline flights. But in order for this to increase in popularity, more and more stores need to accept electronic payment.
photo courtesy of nokiausa.com
Positives -The cellular wallet is efficient by combining two common daily needs into one valuable gadget. Such efficiency makes this device sure to be the next ‘big thing’ in electronics. -Owning a cellular wallet would put you ahead of your friends in the latest technology. While your friends rummage through their wallets for a quarter, you can be smooth by swiping your phone in the display. The satisfaction of seeing your friends jealously eye your fancy gadget is priceless. -It’s fast, it’s easy and it can be used for various needs.
Negatives - For students who easily misplace their cellular phones, the cellular wallet could be a risky purchase. Luckily, there are ways to lock the phone so no one else can use your minutes or spend your money. -Privacy is also an issue. Smartcards have the ability to store personal information; therefore, the government is able to find out about the spending activities of the owner. -It doesn’t give you the luxury of not having to bring any other belongings. You’d still have to bring car keys and other credit cards.
Miren a los campeones MV students compete in Spanish Exam, Festival Quijote
By Kendall Dole features editor
Mounds View hosted the State Spanish Contest and the Festival Quijote for the first time on Monday, April 24. Students who volunteered to take the National Spanish Exam in March of 2006 and scored in the top 5 percent on the test were invited to do oral interviews at the contest. Around 250 students participated in the exam, and Mounds View had 15 finalists. Along with the contest, the Festival Quijote included authentic Spanish cuisine, artwork, children’s books, poetry reading, and skits created by students around the state for the public to enjoy. All of the displays were judged and scored (see side box for MVHS winners.) Many students
from around Minnesota submitted works to be displayed, and hundreds more spectators came to the festival to participate in the activities. “The festival gets kids motivated, participating, and working hard. Language programs in the elementary schools are always being cut, so this festival is very important,” said Kathy Olson-Studler, a veteran judge for the Spanish contest. The festival was lead by an MC, who provided entertainment to create a lively atmosphere. There was music and salsa dancing and there was also a Mexican cabana that provided food complete with tacos, beans, rice, and salsa. “It was fun to see kids from all over Minnesota come together and celebrate Spanish culture,” said
Spanish club president Kit Hale,12. The test was very competitive because the top Spanish students were invited to participate. During the oral interviews, students answered Spanish questions and described a situation, depending on their level, then were scored on their speaking ability. The competitors were ranked in order and placed in the State Spanish contest rankings. Level 1 competitors included Nathan Scheiner, 10, who placed 2nd in State. Nick Peterson, 10, and Rachel Ness, 10, tied for third place. Kelsey Minten, 10, and David Strandberg, 10, level 2 competitors, placed fifth and sixth in state. Nikhil Gupta, 11, competed in level 3 and placed eighth in state.
“” Too much technology. Too much brainpower. Too
much work. Too complicated.
“” I don’t like having bulk in
my pockets so it would be nice to put two in one.
information compiled by Alice Liu photos by Kit Hale graphic by Katie Vogel
Winners for Festival Quijote are... Video Demonstration: Suzanne Florey, Salena Apikelis
Music Video: Donny Matuska, Timo Nagle, Zach Dyer
Commercials: Luke Kramer, Robert Smith, Alex Lin, Stephen Chen
Maps: Anne Magnuson, Micheal Shelendich Recitation: Allison Hammerly Instruments: Trent Huhn, Sam Helgeson, Alan Long, Joey Carlson
Harman to leave MV
The teapot on his desk sent By Michael Bonin white puffs of steam toward staff writer the ceiling. He was facing his computer when I entered the classroom; it how was a moment before he turned around. that is happen“Mr. Harman?” ing.” “Hi,” he said. “Oh, I was just looking up He swiveled around the development of the size of the federal to pour some hot water from bureaucracy.” his teapot to his cup. “And I’ve The layout of the room is such that no always believed that it’s all up to “front” of the class exists; students sit around you guys. I’ve always believed that students must create hexagonal tables, from which they might hold distheir own community, because really, you’re in charge cussion with those near them or others across the of your own learning.” room. On the side of his cup, in warm colors on a black From the teapot, one white puff rose past a picture of Greg Harman standing next to the leader of his karate background, was a quotation: school system; both were in uniform. The steam hovered about the karate belt draped from the ceiling before be the swirling away. “So when did you know you were leaving?” “The end of February, I guess. Pretty much the same time you guys did.” After eleven years of teaching at you wish Mounds View, social studies teacher Greg Harman is leaving at the end of this year. to see in “My wife got the position of Vice President of Academic Affairs and Dean of Faculty at Elmhurst College, which is a suburb several minutes west of Chicago,” he said. “And it’s a significant -Gandhi change in title, prestige, salary — the whole thing.” In one of Harman’s classes, a student will find the At Mounds View, Mr. Harman has most emphasis placed on portfolios, in which that stutaught classes ranging from freshman-year dent will take notes during the period and, according to Civics to AP U.S. Government. his syllabus, “transform the scrawls you make in class “And what’s been your educational into a comprehensive narrative, by you.” method or philosophy?” There would certainly not be any worksheets. “I guess I end up being kind of an “The worksheet creates nothing of value. It doesn’t educational Daoist,” he said. cause you to learn,” Harman said as he immersed a “You know, rather than say, ‘Now teabag in the steaming cup, letting the contents of the I’m going to think of the reason I leaves diffuse through the water. “I don’t believe in the should do it this way,’ and ‘checklist of things you must know’… life isn’t like then try and make that hapthat—it’s much more organic.” pen, rather, you live with “Could you maybe describe a little about your politiwhat happens and then cal orientation?” you explore sort of He laughed. “Sure. I’m libwhy that is and eral in the sense
MAY 12, 2006
that I believe politics is about liberating human potential,” he said, “and I have a conviction that this begins with reversing a lot of the negative things that civilization has done to us. And that includes oppression…I would say the primary oppression that goes on across the world is socioeconomic—in other words, classes.” He described himself to be “to some degree, a neo-Marxist,” though he would not say he would completely agree with any specific ideology. “I am not a communist,” he chuckled again, “though no one will believe it, the more I protest. But at the same time, I do see the Marxist point about history being the history of class oppression.” Some of these ideas had sublimated through his classes; while they certainly had a distinct flavor, they did not overpower the ideas of the students. Opposing thoughts mixed in his classroom, contrasting, complementing, creating a rich amalgamation of people and opinions, which he would leave behind him. But after Mounds View, what will his path look like? “For the next year, I’m going to be working on my EDD, Education Doctorate Dissertation,” he said. “I’ll be in high school classrooms observing other social studies teachers. I’ll write that up this summer, and I hope then I’ll have my education doctorate.” The tea he had brewed and set out for himself went unattended; he wasn’t necessarily ignoring it, but it didn’t seem to occupy any sort of concern. “And then I will look for a job,” he said. “I could end up in a social studies high school classroom for the rest of my career, or I could end up professing at a college level… “Or enlightenment may strike—you never know—I could end up in a loincloth on a hillside in India…I don’t know…” As the teapot on his desk sent white puffs toward the ceiling, the steam ascended without a certain path, but with a certain purpose.
photos by Katie Vogel
You’re taking your usual strut past the senior wall... you catch the eye of a senior hottie, flip your hair and wink. Oh wait...it’s your brother. This isn’t an everyday situation for most students at Mounds View; however sibling confrontation is. For a lot of students, school is an escape away from family, a break into the world on their own. For some, though, school is completely the opposite.
birth order characteristics Oldest *Usually set up as a example for the other children *Treated more like an adult by his/her parents *A high achiever *Given and accepts more responsibility than the other children *Independent
Siblings at sch By Christina Florey
*May work extra-hard to get recognition *Is usually the peace maker *Is somewhat average in schoolwork, but overall average *Is usually a calm, even-tempered adult
Youngest *Gets a lot of attention, along with a lot of bossing *May be spoiled *Usually matures quickly *May be undisciplined and irresponsible *Is easy-going about school
Chart by Katie Rolbiecki
You see your siblings in the morning before school, then again after school and at the dinner table. But once you are at school, you’re free, you interact with nobody but your friends. However, for many MV students, life at school and at home collide. Siblings in high school together are apt to cross paths at school. Some siblings even have classes together. Aeli Rosin, 10, said, “I have art with my brother right now; it’s weird seeing him in the same class.” Some choose not to have classes together because having class with a sibling can create stress and competition. Mitch Baran, 10, said, “Kelsey and I were supposed to have math together three times, but she switched out. I guess she didn’t want to be in class with me.” Being with another family member for the majority of your week can be overwhelming. Some students see their siblings before, during, and after school. That is a lot of time with one person. Many students say that siblings get annoying at school. Eric Fertig, 11, said, “It’s annoying having a sister at school because she yells out ‘Hi’ [in the halls] and all her freshmen friends say ‘Hi’ too.” Sibling can run into each other in other venues, like sports. This can be especially noticeable during team tryouts.
friend or foe? Kelsey Gapstur, 12, said, “Being on a sport with my [freshmen] sister is different because were both on Varsity, and were competing for the same spots.” Some students like dating people who aren’t in their own grade. As a result, it isn’t uncommon for a student to be dating someone that their sibling is friends with. Pat Rahn, 11, said, “I don’t like how my brother, Mike  is going out with one of my friends. He hangs out with some of my friends too.” And if you’re not dating, students tend to hang out with people in other grades. Since so many students have mixed classes, lunches, and carpools, interactions with older/younger siblings can be hard to avoid. Andrew Janssen, 11, said, “Occasionally my sister and I hang out with each other’s friends. I’ve had a crush on some of her friends; she’s only one grade younger.” Many students drive to school, and the obvious choice would be to carpool with students that live close to you. There is nobody that lives closer to you than in your own home. Aeli and Seth Rosin, for example, carpool together. Aeli Rosin said, “Carpooling is fine, we don’t really talk; it’s just a way to get to school I guess.” These car rides can also be stressful, though, if you don’t get along. Janssen said, “We ride to school in the morning and we
usuall Ho perks er at t Ruthe when in the Ha throug can be have a most t some for su M help e work, me wi taken. Ra becau advice Ha you ex things relatio “W can re issues W same classe cafete mon. “W we’re alway somet Ruthe Ev tion in you sp downs times. can em friend
By Makinzie Cole
Doubling the trouble
Bosom buddies, two of a kind, a double dose. Twins find themselves succumbing to these titles every day. Some strive to keep their individuality known, to set themselves apart from one another and make separate names for themselves, insisting they’re two people with separate personalities and interests. At the same time, others choose to identify with one another and use their shared birth to their advantage. Growing up in the same household with the same upbringing, it’s hard for twins not to adhere to one another and form the same tendencies. But even when they don’t, others assume they do. “No way, you guys must be best friends, do everything together, right?” said Max Bowell, 10, when asked about a typical reaction to the “news.” Max and Tanner Bowell insist they are complete opposites. “We’re only alike in that we play soccer, and are both 16,” said Max. In separate interviews with the pair, both stated that they are different in their looks, interests, tastes in style, music, choice of friends, and set of priorities. They both made it clear that the only similarities between the two are their involvement in soccer and their age. Interestingly though, each listed these similarities and differences in the exact same order, and with the same explanations. Perhaps they are more alike than they realize. For those who have never experienced life as a twin, it’s difficult to imagine how it would be different. “Some things about being a twin seem easy to appreciate, but others seem difficult to handle,” said non-twin Jesse Nickols, 9. “It’s like having a best friend you can never get rid of,” said Tanner Bowell. Unlike Chippewa Middle School, MV has no policy
ly fight in the car.” owever there are also some to having a sister or broththe same school. Kendall erford, 12, said, “I like it Kerry drives. I get to sleep e car.” aving a brother or sister go gh high school before you e handy, too. Older siblings already been in class with teachers, and can provide valuable advice and tips uccess. Mitch Baran said “We can each other with calc home, and she [Kelsey] can help ith classes she’s already .” ahn, said, “It’s nice, use Mike can give me e on classes and teachers.” aving someone related to xperiencing the same s can be helpful to sibling onships. We are a lot closer now, we elate to a lot of the same s,” said Rutherford. When you’re around the people, taking the same es, and eating in the same eria, you have a lot in com-
We have more to talk about, e on the same schedule. I ys have someone to do thing with,” said erford. ven though sibling interacn an area of your life where pend so much time has its sides, it can also be fun at . Janssen said, “I like that I mbarrass her in front of her ds.”
against putting twins together in the same class. Twins often find themselves sharing two to three classes with each other, adding yet another source of competition to the list of many. “We make everything into competition. If I’m better, I make a big deal about it, if I’m worse I just act
Pictures by Katie Vogel
The Verkes, Apikelis’, and Floreys show their playful side as twins. like I don’t care,” said Salena Apikelis, 11, of her fraternal twin Jeremy Apikelis. Grades are one of the most noted sources of twin competition at MV. But placement of twins in the same classes poses its advantages. “It’s nice to always have someone to study with. We help each other with homework and assignments. It’s always been that way, things would probably be harder if we didn’t have each other,” said Deandra Pensini, 11, of her twin sister, Brianna. Just as it’s common for siblings to bicker at home, the same can be expected in the classroom. “When we have classes together we talk to each other a lot. It was weird because we were never together in class at
Chippewa. My dad wouldn’t let us. He always requested separate classes so we wouldn’t fight,” said Max Bowell. However, Tanner Bowell said, “Being in class with your twin can be annoying. We have differing opinions on things and we end up arguing in front of the class.” Some people may find themselves in a twin-containing classroom. These people get a small glimpse at life as a twin. “It’s entertaining to watch the Floreys (Suzanne and Christina, 11) go back and forth. They are both very vocal people. It makes me wonder what I’d be like if I was in class with a twin,” said Shadia Orfali, 11. Throughout the years of schooling that MV twins have faced, they’ve had each other to rely on for homework help and work together on many issues they come across. The question is, what happens after high school? “I’m almost positive we’ll go to the same college. It’s just comfortable and would be awkward if we weren’t together because we never have had to be alone,” said Max Bowell. Being together for a lifetime and suffering the sudden loss of constant contact seems unbearable to some. “We’ll for sure go to the same college. We have the same interests and are too used to being together to separate. We’ve grown dependent on each other,” said Brianna Pensini. Others see life after high school as an opportunity to break free from the ties they’ve had to their twin. “We get along really well and have a lot of the same friends. It used to be weird but now that we’re in high school we’ve started hanging out with each other more regularly. College will be nice to be separate and on my own,” said Salena Apikelis. Whether twins are fighting to be individual, or living up the experience, one thing holds true, a life long companion will always be at their disposal.
Birth order begets personality
By Katie Rolbiecki staff writer
You are stuck in the shadow of your older brother’s limelight. You wonder why your youngest sister gets everything she wants and all the attention she seeks. Or perhaps you are an only child and wonder what life would be like with siblings. An individual’s personality is oftentimes linked to his birth order within his family. Whether the eldest, youngest, or somewhere in between, siblings often times represent more than just a spot in the family pecking order. The firstborns are usually the stars of the family, taking charge by being either more aggressive or perfectionists. Often times, they are natural leaders looking out for and “paving the road” for the younger siblings. While they are usually determined and goal-oriented, they are also held to the highest expectations by parents. Eldest children are seen as overachievers and the responsible child of the family, which leaves some laterborn siblings feeling frustrated. “I can’t live up to my older brother because he is good at everything he tries,” Amanda Gozel, 11, said. Many first-borns feel as if it is their duty to protect and set a good example for the rest of the family. Mollie Pierce, 12, said, “I feel like having older siblings makes my sister [who is the youngest] more mature compared to her friends, who don’t have older siblings.” Sociologists who have studied birth order have also found that in cases of divorce, it is usually the eldest child who takes on extra housework and attempts to support the rest of the family emotionally. When the first child is born, he gets undivided attention from his parents. This can shape his personality, but the attention doesn’t last forever. “When the second child is born, he is being dethroned,” said psychology teacher Dr. Kay Schaffer. “The oldest gets the attention at first but how long will he stay an only child?” Characteristics of the middle child vary on a broader spectrum of per-
sonalities. They are often described as more free spirited and independent, and even the “forgotten one.” When the eldest gets praise and glory for his accomplishments and the youngest gets babied, the middle child often becomes independent in his or her thoughts or actions. “The oldest gets everything, and the youngest is the baby of the family. I hate being the middle - they are usually always forgotten,” Bailey Moreland, 10 said. However, being a middle child typically allows the individual to be capable of seeing multiple perspectives of situations and becomes a negotiator. A study done at the Center for Advanced Social Science Research at New York University showed that middle children are least likely to be financially successful. However, middle children should not necessarily begin to worry about their career success in the future. “Birth order is only a theory. It hasn’t been that well validated- it may have an influence, it may not. I think there are too many variables for me to fully believe in it,” said Schaffer. Though it may not be scientifically proven, and even with many variables, the youngest child usually possesses the most well known qualitythe baby of the family. “The youngest is usually spoiled,” Rachel Lemon, 10 said. The last born in a family are categorized as being attention-hungry and outgoing. Sometimes show-offs, the baby of the family can be both socially charming and rebellious. “The oldest is the good one and paved the way. I am the youngest and I get away with a lot more,” Mike Widmer, 12 said. Generally, after having their first child, parents tend to be more lax with the younger. “It is true that parents are a lot calmer with the younger children. You can look at baby books - the first born has a much more detailed one while the younger are lucky to have their birth date in it,” Schaffer said. Sociologists believe that the youngest are more likely to careless and irresponsible with finances,
which may have developed from parents spoiling the youngest and installing the idea that it is acceptable to get whatever they want. There are many exceptions to birth order theories. Many depend on the gender of the offspring or the number of years between siblings. For example, even if the firstborn male is a middle child in a family, he may possess oldest-child like qualities simply because he is the first male born. Other times when there are more than six years between children, the birth order restarts. Only children don’t fit an order, but they are often like firstborns. “The characteristics of only children tend to be independent and selfcentered,” said Schaffer. Since only children may have little interaction with other children, it is sometimes difficult for them to grasp the concept of sharing and playing well with others. “They are more comfortable around adults and also have advanced language,” Schaffer said. In cases of families with adopted children, the child will generally drop into the birth order based on his age. For example, if the adopted child is the oldest of the family in age, he will take on the eldest child characteristics even though he isn’t blood related to his siblings. Characteristics of children based on birth order are hard to prove statistically and are sometimes seen in reverse roles within families. Because they are not rigid they cannot always be used to predict one’s personality. The success of a marriage, however, has sometimes been linked to the birth order of the couple. “The real taboo is only children marrying older children. They would bump heads and create conflicts instead of compromising,” said Schaffer. She explained that the best situation is when older and younger marrying one another because the oldest is used to interacting with younger siblings and vice versa.
MAY 12, 2006
I heart 06
MV’s senior polls revisited NMoisctklH orvath ikely to be filthy rich
MMro.stFloirkeesltyetlol work at MV
When he ripped down that first basketball hoop at Chippewa, everyone knew big things were in store for Nick Horvath. A star basketball player at MV, Horvath was voted “Most Likely to be Filthy Rich” in the 1999 senior polls. He moved on to play Division I basketball for Duke University. He now plays professional basketball in the NBL in Australia. As a leading player for the Razorbacks, Horvath makes a fairly good amount of money. The NBL salary cap is $736,000 (in Australian currency). While this may not be an extreme amount, he is certainly working his way up the athletic lad-
After being voted as “Most Likely to Work at Mounds View” in 2000 by his senior peers, John Forestell specifically told himself he wouldn’t do anything of the sort. Yet here he is today, a behavior manager for MV’s Steps to Success program. But his path didn’t lead him towards MV to begin with. After graduating from the U of M with a major in creative writing, he searched for jobs to use his skills as a writer, but found none. “I had a lot of terrible jobs after college,” said Forestell. “I was a professional dog walker, I
der. Who knows - maybe he’ll be the next star player in the NBA, which would definitely qualify him as filthy rich.
Martha Afdahl & Rachel Fix Best Friends Forever
When Martha Afdahl and Rachel Fix were voted “Best Friends Forever” in the 2002 senior polls at MV, they were hardly surprised. Friends since the third grade, their strong relationship was apparent from the beginning, even by their teachers. “Their fourth grade teacher told them she would never allow them to be in a class together ever again, and they weren’t until almost senior year,” said Anne Afdahl, Martha’s mother. “I remember when
Rachel worked at Jimmy John’s. She told me this story of when two old ladies came into the restaurant and said they had escaped from a nearby nursing home, because they had to have some Jimmy John’s. We always joked that we’d be like that someday,” said Martha. Afdahl and Fix are still friends to this day. Though their schedules make their visits rare, they still reminisce on their days of school together. “I think they would
still consider themselves best friends,” said Mrs. Afdahl.
In 1999, Susan Edds, 25, graduated from Mounds View with the title, “Biggest Flirt.” At the time she thought that there were others who better deserved the win. “I was shocked that my good friend, Natalie Norsted, had not won the title because she, in my mind, could out-flirt me in her sleep,” said Edds. She obviously didn’t know what the future held. In 2005, Edds found herself on a flight headed to Paris, where she’d embark on the adventure of a lifetime, and become part of the cast of ABC’s reality TV show, “The Bachelor.” “I was living in Overland Park, Kansas at the time, and the casting directors for the show were in town looking for female participants. My girlfriend and I caught wind of the show, heard it was in Paris, and thought ‘What the heck? Let’s see what this show is all about,’” she said. As a contestant on the show, Edds was one of the last three standing. No doubt she knew what she was doing. Earning the title of “Biggest Flirt” for her graduating class, Edds had all the
practice she needed for the show. “I think I was voted ‘Biggest Flirt’ because I was an outgoing girl who was relatively confident” she said. “I never acted on my flirtations. I was in a serious relationship with my ‘then’ boyfriend, Scott Reardon, who was at ASU, and any flirtatious communication I gave off felt ‘safe’ for everyone involved. Safe because no one took me too seriously and it didn’t put people in the awkward ‘Does she like me?’ ‘Does she think I like her?’ situation.” As part of a 25-girl cast, Edds and the girls had to learn to interact as friends but competitors at the same time in their mission to win the heart of Travis Stork, the 30-year-old Bachelor. Edds didn’t walk away from the show with love, but is proud of her accomplishment on making it past 22 of 25 girls. She said, “The more I got to know and like Travis, the more uncomfortable I became exposing my vulnerabilities on national TV. It was hard not to put up the ‘self preservation’ wall and still be authentic and true. In the end, that was my downfall. I was unable to escape the manipulation of the producers and the uncanny awareness that I was being videotaped.” Edds is now living in Scottsdale, Arizona, and though she’s not yet found her perfect bachelor, she continues with the same flirtatious frame of mind as that of her high school years.
worked at an after school daycare, and a youth homeless shelter.” It was his job at the shelter that made him realize his love for working with kids. As he was looking for jobs, student council adviser Mike Coty, a former teacher and friend of Forestell’s, told him to apply for a job at MV. At first, he was a substitute for Nick Nitti as the parking lot attendant. “That was a horrible job,” recalled Forestell. “You get called a lot of dirty names.” After that he obtained his recent position as behavior manager, and is
currently working for his teaching license. “I really didn’t expect to work here, but it’s a lot of fun,” said Forestell.
Jake Bruhn-Ding & Katie Anderson Most likely to get married
In the year 2001, Katie Anderson, 20, caught the eye of her “perfect guy”, Jake Bruhn-Ding, 20. Both sophomores, they began dating around Homecoming of that year. Little did they know that their relationship would soon turn into one that won them the title of couple “Most Likely To Get Married” in 2004. At the time of the win, the couple had been dating for about two and half years. “It was cool to be voted for something, but we actually won by default. The other couple that was up for it broke up right before the polls came out and so they handed the title over to us,” said Anderson. Though it wasn’t exactly a rightful win, the couple didn’t doubt the possibility of their future going in such a direction. “At the time I thought it could proba-
bly happen,” said Bruhn-Ding of the two’s future marriage. Ironically, Anderson and BruhnDing’s mistaken win turned out to be deserved. After four and a half years, the couple has taken only one short break from their relationship. Both attend Bethel University, and plan on getting married within the next two years.
What do this year’s winners have to say? Jordan Moberg
Most likely to work at MV
“I thought it was pretty funny when I found out. It’s realistic, I can see it happening. I hope to be the next Jim Galvin.”
Hilary Fuechtmann Most likely to be on reality TV “Yeah, it’s been my goal to win this poll ever since I was five. I hope to be on
The Biggest Loser someday.”
photos and information compiled by Ashley Aram and Makinzie Cole
MAY 12, 2006
Touré leaves a desert blues legacy
By Nick Cairl staff writer
If asked his profession, he would calmly respond, rice farmer, above all. Renowned world musician and two-time Grammy award winner Ali Farka Touré is considered today to be one of the greatest blues and African guitarists of our time. Collaborating with various western and African musicians, Touré managed to fuse American blues and traditional African folk song, culminating in an original and raw sound. Now collectively known as “desert blues,” Touré’s distinct style has come to influence a countless number of people worldwide with his stark and hypnotic approach to the blues and African music. It wasn’t until 1990 that Touré came into the Western spotlight after the release of Talking Timbuktu. The album was a collaboration with American blues artist Ry Cooder, which earned the duo a Grammy in World Music. Touré provided a more modern and approachable sound for the Western ear with his desert blues, allowing him to draw a greater interest than his world music contemporaries. One doesn’t need to be fluent in his
Malian tongue to understand the passion with which he sang. Touré created a powerful atmosphere that is live and vivid by nature, creating a sense of actually being in Mali. As Touré’s popularity grew, he was not drawn away from his West African home to London, Paris, or New York, but insisted on staying in Mali and traveling as little as possible. No matter the situation, Touré has believed in staying true to his traditional African tribe’s values and rituals. When approached with contracts Touré would always first consult past ancestors before consideration could be made. Staying true to his roots did make for complications in his career. Because Touré’s hometown of Niafunke, Mali, has no power lines, gasoline generators were required to power the sound equipment on newer tracks of Red and Green and the 2005 Grammy winning album In The Heart of The Moon. The majority of his work was improvised and sporadically recorded after he had finished his daily chores on his nearby rice farm just outside of Timbuktu. The careful improvisation of Touré and odd recording habits only contributed to his eccentric-
ity as a renowned world musician and added a gritty, raw feeling to most releases. Aside from re-mastering for CD release, all tracks are un-manipulated and not altered. After popular demand for hard-to-find, unaltered records boomed Red and Green was released in 2005. Receiving its name from previous untitled discs that had red and green colored sleeves, the album possesses material dating from the 1950s to 2005, as well as new interpretations of previous tracks. Touré is accompanied by percussionist Hamma Sankare. Sankare brings soft backing vocals and the calabash, a traditional African instrument that makes “click” and “boom” sounds. Sankare fills in the emptier pieces of the album and presents an improvised call and response relationship with Touré. Aside from great success and hefty press exposure after the release of his second album, In The Heart of the Moon (2005), Touré did little touring and insisted on continuing his work on his rice farm in Niafunke, Mali peacefully. Ali Farka Touré passed away March 6, 2006 from bone cancer.
photo from http://mali-music.com
Ali Farka Toure performs in his traditional African wardrobe.
NOFX thrives and writhes on Wolves Bury your spikes
Punk’s not dead
By Lauren Bennett staff writer
Some might think of NOFX as harsh. The lyrics are a bit racy at times, but fans of the band tend to look past those discrepancies and just focus on the skate-punk motif that they live. Sixteen years ago, teenagers that were having problems with their current bands decided that they needed to get a fix. About seven years later, their quest for the perfect punk band presented them with a holy grail. The team of Erik Sandin (drums), Eric Melvin (guitar), Fat Mike (bass, vocals), and El Hefe (guitar) has unique lyrics that don’t deal with love, or relationships. Things that other singers/songwriters seem to think are important are ignored in favor of Jesus, George Bush, and Jack Daniels. No, talking about taking cheap flights overseas in Wolves in Wolves’ Clothing’s second track “Marxist Brothers” isn’t important, but it’s certainly more fun. The riffs at the beginning of almost every song get you hooked right away. Their lyrics seem to pay off in the end, making fun of everyday things; however the main point they seem to hit is religion. Through their last couple of albums they have really voiced opinions in a political fashion against religion. They constantly bash the government on its control based on religion, and keep it interesting for the listeners. Wolves in Wolves’ Clothing seems to be a good follow-up to its predecessor War on Errorism. The strong viewpoints make them sound more mature (even though they’ve been around forever), but they still manage to convey their regular antics and
Hear it See it
disgruntled phrasing. Forgo the fart jokes, and off-key singing; Wolves in Wolves’ Clothing is plain good. Also adding El Hefe singing only Spanish in “Cantando en Español” seems to work well for the group. If you actually understand Spanish, the song is really funny. “Doornails” is the only acoustic piece on the album. And unlike other acoustic songs, it talks about drug addiction. Actually, it makes fun of the drugs that Fat Mike used to use. All the vulgarity, and crude lyrics aside, NOFX has truly come into their own, and made a worthy beat to go along with exceptional words. Worrying about the little things in life isn’t always going to sell more records, but it often makes for better punk rock.
By Megan Wang staff writer
Warped Tour favorites NOFX have finally followed up The War on Errorism (2003) with the recent release of Wolves in Wolves’ Clothing. The Californian quartet has led a long career, oozing their way into teenage minds everywhere with their point-blank anthems. However, the loss of cunning in the title matches the sound of NOFX’s latest album. As singer Fat Mike opens the album, drug deals and “selfdebasement” lead the subject material in their typical crunchy, fast-paced, ‘oi’ punk. The jewel of the album, for any visitor of the Riverside club, has to be “Seeing Double at the Triple Rock.” Harmonizing vocals over intense drums and a ridiculous electronic riff ramble on about where to go “when in
photo courtesy of Chris Schwegler (http://www.schwegweb.com)
Minnesota and you’ve got a drinking quota.” Nevertheless, the shout-out is lost amidst the progression of the album. The lyrics are often clumsily tied in with the melodies, which are schizophrenic and ultimately unflattering. The subject matter isn’t nearly as focused as Errorism, ranging anywhere from Japanese businessmen to icebergs. The melodies are raunchy and uninspired, simply drawing from different genres in an awful attempt to renovate their sound. Often enough, haphazard switches between the upbeat and the grim highlight the bands loose ends. Now that’s not to say Wolves doesn’t have its redeeming qualities. NOFX certainly deserves credit for tightness in sound (especially in “Leaving Jesusland”) and a good balance of sound for a modern punk album. The messages are blunt, not wasting a single word on poetic embellishment. Still, the lyrics aren’t nearly as tight nor do they hold as much impact as they did on Errorism. Nor is the sound as compelling as it has been on Punk in Drublic. Maybe this is a reflection on the downward spiral punk has been taking. Not only has it been tarnished by pop-punk like New Found Glory, The Ataris, or Fall Out Boy, but it’s entirely lost its flippancy and commotion. The relevance and poignancy of the genre is based on boredom. Punk has worked itself to death, and in this album it is more apparent than ever. Although NOFX may not deserve to be labeled as the downfall of punk, if you were expecting another Pump Up the Valuum, steer clear of Wolves.
Gnarls Barkley is a two man music factory, manned by rhymesayer Cee-Lo and DJ Dangermouse. Their first creation, St. Elsewhere ismore than another notable hip-hop cd. They sound like an hot dish with Basement Jaxx, Marvin Gaye, and Prince aplenty (baste with Moby lightly on top).So, things could get a little weird from here on. But Gnarls seems to be a horse of a different colour; they’re fast and hard. Every jam seems hurried and anxious, and the lyrics spin tales of suicide, religion, and truth, all at 7000 rpm. Actually, they might just be a plain old horse; but with a better cut of cocaine. It comes down to Danger Mouse to add some kind of flow— luckily, his last big project, mixing the Jay-Z/ Beatles composite The Grey Album seems to have prepped him well. The songs jump from happy (“Smiling Faces”), to haunting (“St. Elsewhere”), to oh-god-I-think-this-guywants-to-kill-me (“Necromancing” and some 5 other songs). The definite standout song here is “Crazy,” already setting records as the first #1 hit only available for download. If you’re a club kid looking for a ecstasy-ready new beat or a hipster with street roots, be sure to “borrow” St. Elsewhere onto your iPod.
10 SPORTS MAY 12, 2006
Track looks to reclaim True Team championship By Pat Delahunt staff writer
Before their season even began, it seemed like the members of the boys track and field team already had their sights set on the day that would determine how their team would be remembered. The MV team is notorious for its talent and excellence in the True Team competition. The team has built an incredible resume at the event in the past decade. After finishing third at True Team State in 1997, MV rattled off six consecutive True Team State Championships from 1998 to 2003 before finishing second in both 2004 and 2005. This year’s team is poised to reclaim its title. The Mustangs lost three stars from last season in Lee Trainor, Andrew Yokom, and 800-meter State Champion Collin Plummer. However, Coach Ross Fleming doesn’t think the loss will keep his team from continuing to do what they’ve done for years. “The True Team isn’t about the stars, it’s about the team,” said Fleming.
Most teams have one or two very good athletes in each event, but if your third and fourth participants are almost as strong, you can gain a lot of points on a team that isn’t deep. “The guy who would be sitting on the bench in basketball or football in the State Tournament could win it for us in track,” said Fleming, “I bring 35 guys to the True Team meet and all of them participate and they’re all of great importance.” Many of the athletes on the MV team have already proven that they are ready to take on a larger role this year. Quinn Evans, 11, finished seventh at State in the 400-meter dash as a sophomore and beat some Division 2 college sprinters in a preseason meet at the U of M. The team also has a very valuable 4x400 relay team in Evans, captain Mike Shelendich, 11, Kevin Bradley, 10, and Jeff Brunette, 11. “They are ‘The Untouchables,’ and they’re going to win State,” said Mike Lien, 11. As a freshman, Bradley was a member of the 4x800 relay
Gamache strives for second title
By Ben Messerly staff writer
When Alison Gamache, 12, kneels over at the blocks, she’s thinking about running smart: “Which ways is the wind blowing? How fast should I start? What’s it going to take for me to be ahead by the first hurdle?” She used her strategy off the blocks to win a State title during her junior season. She attributes her decorated successes to drive, determination, and experience. A varsity track member since the 8th grade, Gamache has competed in the 100-meter hurdles, the 300-meter hurdles, and the 4x200 meter relay in the State track meet the past two years. Gamache holds school and Section records in hurdles and has set, reset, and reset again the current hurdles conference records. Until the state meet, her only real competition is herself. “I wanted to win State. And now that I have accomplished that, I’m digging deeper to pull something out that I really want to do,” said Gamache. “This year she is focusing on the high jump as well as the two hurdles and a relay,” said coach Aaron Redman. Despite stomach surgery over spring break, Gamache cleaned up the competition in all three of her events at the Lakeville meet in April. “I guess I’m competitive, I really want to do well,” Gamache said. However, she added, “At the meets I’m not overly competitive. I’m talking to the other girls.” Gamache relies on the support of her teammates for inspi-
ration throughout the season. “Alison is the kind of captain that leads by example,” said Redman To compete at a high level season after season, Gamache trains and competes in the winter, spring, and summer. During the spring season, she runs with the track team six days a week. Colleges have caught sight of her ability and diligence. She was offered scholarships from top Division-1 colleges, including the University of Minnesota, but she is choosing between Division-3 schools St. Thomas and Augsburg. Attending a smaller school could mean less competition and a hindrance upon the development of her track career, which she plans on pursuing at least through the collegiate level. But at a smaller school would offer more personal coaching. “I’m at a point with my running where only the little things can help me improve,” said Gamache. The True Team State Championships are less than a month away. Does Gamache have what it takes to qualify for four events and medal in two of them? “Absolutely,” said Redman, “We’ve got some things to work around but I know she has the potential.” Gamache’s work ethic has propelled her to meet all her goals in the past. Leading both her coaches and her teammates to believe there is nothing stopping her from her pre-season projected State titles. “I figure you can be good anywhere you want to go if you have the drive to do it,” said Gamache.
team that placed seventh at State while Brunette has emerged as the most pleasant surprise for the team this season. Other top athletes for the team this season include Captain Drew Fleigle, 12, who reached State for pole vaulting last season, Tommy McNamara, 11, who tied an MV record earlier this season with a long jump of 22 feet and 9 inches, and senior captains Tony Casci and Matt Fleigle. Along with their depth, the team’s chemistry and focus could end up being a huge advantage. “We’re a closely knit group,” said Drew Fleigle. That tightness has created a group of athletes willing to go the extra mile for each other in order to get the job done. “Everybody is willing to work hard every day,” said Shelendich. “We all have the same goal, to win True Team, and we all want to do our part to make it possible.” The teams next meet is the Stillwater Last Chance meet. The meet is being held at Stillwater high school on May 18 at 3:45 p.m.
photo by Kit Hale
Jordan Mogck, 11, hones his pole vaulting skills during a recent practice.
MV loses talented athletes to private schools
By Christina Florey staff writer
Mounds View has successful athletic programs, but there are several talented athletes in our district who have never worn a Mustang uniform. MV coaches and athletes have been left to wonder how much better their teams could have been with a few athletic superstars that they lost to private schooling. Derek McCallum, 12, is a two-year baseball captain for Hill-Murray, a private Catholic school in Maplewood. McCallum, who lives in Shoreview and was enrolled in the Mounds View schools up to 7th grade, played on the Tri-City Red legion team this summer with a few of the Mounds View players. He batted over .400 and was the team MVP. “He was the best hitter on our team," said Seth Rosin, 11. If he was on our [MV] team he would bat either three or four in our line-up, I know he would get a lot of RBI’s.” McCallum plays shortstop for Hill, and made Varsity as a freshman. Last year, Hill placed second in their conference, and then went on to lose to Coon Rapids in the Section semifinals. This year their team is 22. McCallum is going to the U of M next year on a baseball scholarship. He is also a standout hockey player and excels in almost any sport that he attempts. “I remember playing with him in little league. All the kids were intimidated by him; his bat and his play on the field would definitely contribute to our team,” said Nels Leafblad, 12. “I’ve been really happy with Hill since I left, but I do still play with some of the MV guys in the summertime,” said McCallum, 12. Bryan Kelly, a junior who lives in Arden Hills, is another athlete who could have been at
MV. Kelly plays second singles in tennis for Mounds Park Academy in St. Paul. Last year Mounds Park went undefeated at 20-0 and is currently 3-1. Kelly was 27-1 last year and he is 3-0 this season. He knows a lot of the players on the MV tennis team and plays with them over the summer too. MPA and MV have scrim-
photo courtesy of Erik Donley
Bryan Kelly, 11, serves during a recent practice. Kelly plays for MPA.
maged against each other in the past. “I beat Tyler Rice last year in a 3rd set tie breaker,” Kelly said. Rice, 11, currently holds one of the top spots in Mounds Views’ singles line-up. Unlike McCallum who was content with his choice in schools, Kelly had his doubts. “I go here mainly because of my parents, they like the academics. But I really wanted to go to Mounds View, I like the kids better because they’re not as snotty,” said Kelly.
“We could clearly use him in our line-up. Strength in numbers always counts, and he’s got skills,” said Scott Martin, 12. Mike Hoeffel, 11, another student at Hill Murray, made the switch to Hill after 8th grade at Chippewa Middle School. Hoeffel is a forward for the hockey team. He has been on Varsity for the past two seasons. Last year, Hill had a victorious season, with a record of 213-1, and had only one loss heading into the State tournament. Hoeffel has committed to the U of M. “Mike would have helped our team win more game. He was always really good, he was even good when I played against him in squirts,” said Dave McMahon, 11. Hoeffel, said, “It was fun playing at the Excel, this was the most successful season for the team.” Their team also won four trophies. Hoeffel had 27 goals and close to 45 assists this year. He also plays for Team USA youth hockey in the summer. Another hockey player who could’ve immensely helped this year’s struggling team is Ryan McDonagh, 11. McDonagh plays on the defensive line for Cretin. He has been on Varsity ever since he was a freshman. McDonagh’s brother Collin is a senior at Cretin, and his uncle Steve Walsh, also graduated from Cretin. “I wanted to go to Cretin because a lot of my family has gone there and it’s kind of a tradition,” said McDonagh, 11. Hockey is his main sport but he also plays center field for the Varsity baseball team. This year Cretin posted a record of 27-4, and won the Class AA State Championship. McDonagh said, “It’s the first time my school had won it.” He has committed to Wisconsin.
SPORTS 11 MAY 12, 2006
Sports editors share their MV sports stories Sierra Krebsbach and Dan Pastorius reflect what MV sports have meant to them during their four years
photo by Katie Vogel
Sierra Krebsbach, 12, and Dan Pastorius, 12, this year’s sports editors, rock.
If there is one thing I have learned from high school athletics it is to believe in myself. Athletics test your character; they test how hard you are willing to work when things look really bad. The matches I have lost throughout my high school career have taught me far more about myself than the matches I have won. Most of the battles fought on the field or the court are not with our opponents but with ourselves. I have lost plenty of matches to people I should’ve beaten because I decided I was simply having an off day. And I have also beaten players I was never expected to because I believed that I could. My junior year I made my first appearance in the individual singles portion of the State Tournament. En route to my third place finish in the tournament, I lost two first sets and had to fight to stay in the match. The girls I beat in those matches had better stokes than I did; on paper they should have beaten me. Fortunately for me, tennis isn’t played on paper. I won the matches solely because somewhere along the line I decided I could. Never underestimate the power of wanting something really bad. It has been my experience in athletics that when two people of the same ability go head to head, the person who
For the love of the sport
By Kathleen Gormley staff writer
When top student-athletes envision their athletic career after high school, many aspire to represent a Division I university. The DI letter of intent signings, held several times a year, are a big honor for the students involved. However, there are also many highly skilled players who have a different plan for next year. They have decided to take their athletic abilities to a different level. Jessica Balzer, 12, has been a varsity runner for cross-country and track for four years. Most would think qualifying for State competitions numerous times and being a part of two highly competitive and successful varsity teams would ensure her place at a DI university. However, Balzer will be attending UMD next fall. “They have a really good track program. It will be nice to get away from the cities; [UMD] is a different environment,” said Balzer. “At a DI school, they basically own you. DII is nicer
because the coach is super flexible.” Bergen Butala, 10, said she admires students like Balzer, even if others might think DI is the only way to go. “I respect these athletes because they have good principles and they know what is really important: Competing at the best level that you can possibly compete at, and not just worrying about what others may think,” she said. Tony Casci, 12, is a threesport varsity athlete who competes in cross-country, hockey, and track. He has also been named the captain of all three sports. He will be running for the University of WisconsinRiver Falls next fall. “I’ve grown up to not care what other people think of me,” said Casci. “Athletics wasn’t my first objective, it was just kind of a bonus. I looked at River Falls because they have a good education program.” Anne Kuduk, 12, has been a strong, contributing member of two varsity sports since her sophomore year at MV: soccer and basketball. She is choosing
to attend a DIII school, St. Ben’s, to play basketball rather than attend a DI school and play intramurals. “I wanted the higher competition level and the DIII is closer to what high school basketball is like,” said Kuduk. “I want to go into nursing, and they have a good program. It is less time consuming, so I’ll have time to focus on my studies and play basketball at the level I’m looking for.” These athletes are looking forward to many different things about their plans for next year. They feel these plans are more important than the criticism others may have about them not playing at a DI school next year. “I don’t care [about what others think]. I’m not looking to impress people, I’m just looking to play a game that I love and I’m not ready to give up yet,” said Kuduk. Many more outstanding senior athletes at MV will be continuing their careers into college, including varsity hockey player Chris Kopelke, 12, who will be playing for Augsburg next year. Two varsity softball players, pitcher Kristen Danielson and catcher Amber Roth, have both signed national letters of intent to play for DII schools. Scott Ylkanen, co-head coach of the girls track team, said of Balzer and the other nonDI bound senior athletes, “an athlete’s worth isn’t measured by the amount of stars or MVP patches on their letter jacket. It is measured by what they put into the countless hours of practice before the big game; what they do when no one’s looking.”
wants it the most always wins. Everything in athletics is mental; never go into a match or game thinking that you are going to do anything less than win. I hope you all fight for everything you want in both athletics and life. I wish you all the best in the future. Love always,
The past four years have been the best years of my life, playing football and baseball here at MV. There have been many ups and downs but looking back, I wouldn’t change a thing. The lowest point occurred last spring when I tore my ACL during the baseball season and it appeared I wouldn’t be able to play my senior year of football. Because I wasn’t going to let this keep me off the field, we searched for a surgeon who could potentially get me back in time for the season. After going to physical therapy everyday in the summer, doing exercises, and running, I was able to get clearance to play. I started most of the season and got a few carries here or there, but nothing too exciting. Scoring touchdowns and getting
my name in the papers wasn’t my goal. I just wanted to get to State and help the team by doing the small stuff. During every game I was in severe pain, and after some of them I could barely walk. After the season ended, I had to have surgery again because some things did not heal correctly with all of the pressure I put on it. Some people may say that I came back too early and that I should think of my body first. I disagree. I would rather have come back when I did and risk future injuries than watch from the sidelines. For the rest of my life, I will remember the football season, especially getting to State. I will remember visiting Steve Todd at the hospital numerous times. I’ll remember the 14 hills on my bad knee, playing against Hastings on TV, playing with future DI players. To me, sports have helped get me through tough times. I’ll remember so much more about the experiences I’ve had with MV sports than anything else from high school. MV sports have made me who I am today, and I thank everyone who has been a part of that. Thanks for the memories,
Softball duo comes to end Danielson and Roth will part ways after this season their college decisions. By Katy Queensland staff writer
Mounds View softball is off to a fast start, with a record of 11-2 A major reason for the team’s early success is the pitcher-catcher combination of seniors Kristin Danielson and Amber Roth. Danielson and Roth have been playing softball together since they were 10 years old. The girls have been playing varsity together, Danielson pitching and Roth catching, for four years. Individually, both girls are excellent softball players, and they are even better as a team. “We compliment one another well,” said Roth. Danielson had over 200 strikeouts last season, a career high. So far this season, her ERA is 0.83. Over the years, Roth and Danielson have become very good friends in and out of the sport. The girls hang out together when they aren’t playing softball. “It’s like we’re always on the same page,” said Roth. On the field, Roth and Danielson are always working well together, and having played together for so long, each can tell what the other is going to do. “They always know what the other is thinking. I don’t think Kristin ever waves off a [pitch] sign,” said teammate Sam Howard, 11. Next year, Danielson is planning on going to the University of MinnesotaDuluth and Roth to the University of North Dakota. Softball was a big factor in
Next year will be the first time in 10 years that the girls haven’t been on the same team. “It will be fun to be in a game against Amber instead of being on the same team next year,” said Danielson. The softball team’s next game is Monday at Roseville Area High School. The next home game is Wednesday against Stillwater. Both games are at 4 p.m.
photo by Kit Hale
Kristin Danielson, 12, and Amber Roth, 12, have been playing together since they were ten years old. Next year, Danielson will be pitching for UMD and Roth will catch for the University of North Dakota.
12 GALLERY MAY 12,2006
I was looking in the library and... Lake of Dead Languages by Carol Goodman
Amusing Ourselves to Death: Public Discourse in the Age of Show Business By Neil Postman
Why this book is meaningful:“She has great imagery. It’s also suspenseful because she keeps the story moving from past to present.” Why students would find this book interesting: “It has a gothic setting and a great deal of suspense. The characters are believeable and the pace is good.” recommendation by Liv Rosin
Why this book is meaningful:“I think civilization is doomed.” Why students would find this book interesting: “It will lead you to thinking about how you think, and about how you’re being constructed all the time.” “It makes you ask, ‘What am I going to do about this?’ -- and that’s important.” recommendation by Greg Harman
Memoirs of a Geisha By Arthur Golden Why this book is meaningful:"It's one of those books that will make you laugh and cry. The book keeps you interested the whole time, which is important, and it's suspenseful. You also get to learn about Japan's culture and history.” Why students would find this book interesting: “It’s inspirational and it has a good plot.” recommendation by Caitin Anfinson
The Historian By Elizabeth Kostova
Skinny Legs And All By Tom Robbins Why this book is meaningful:This truly great novel holds much more than love between its covers. The reader also is presented with an interesting history lesson on the Middle East, especially Jerusalem. The history lesson Tom Robbins offers his readers is not forced at all. In fact, the history portion of the book is my favorite, hands down. Why students would find this book interesting: “I ‘used’ part of this book to propose to my wife.” recommendation by Theodore Bennett
What Narcissism Means to Me By Tony Hoglund Synopsis: A collection of poems detailing Hoglund’s personal thoughts on narcissism. Why this book is meaningful: “I think it creatively promotes self awareness and lets us laugh at ourselves.” Why students would find this book interesting: “He isn’t a difficult poet… It doesn’t take too long to read, but it makes you think.” recommendation by Janelle Hallberg
Why this book is meaningful:“The story is very well written. It keeps you hooked because it involves actual places that make it seem more realistic.” Why students would find this book interesting: “It has vampires.” recommendation by Teddy Gelderman
Compiled by: Lauren Bennett and Ryan McGrath
this is what I found. Viewer: Thank you for a wonderous three years! 2 Copies... :) <3 HGB