Issuu on Google+

Belinda D’Souza | M04288857 23ARCH668 | SECTECH2 Spring 2012 Prof. Zaretsky


SITE STRATEGY t Site forces ARCHITECTURAL INTENT t Precedents t Concept t Analysis/Conjectures STRUCTURES t Precedents t Analysis/Conjectures t Lateral load worksheets t Gravity load worksheets CODE t Precedents t Analysis/Conjectures t Fire code worksheets t Egress worksheets t Accessibility worksheets ENVIRONMENT t Precedents t Active Systems worksheet t Passive Systems worksheet t Daylighting worksheet CONSTRUCTION t Precedents t Building Envelope worksheet t Detail worksheet INTEGRATED STRATEGIES t Precedents t Analysis/Conjectures t Integration worksheets BIBLIOGRAPHY


SITE STRATEGY t Site forces

CRANBROOK ACADEMY | DETROIT, MICHIGAN | N 42° 34’ | W 83° 14’

NATATORIUM AREA


SITE STRATEGY 5’

=1

EL

STRUCTURES

=3

5’

f tr ees

EL

AN

BR

OO

KA XIS

ENVIRONMENT

CR

es

SITE CONDITIONS

A volume that emerges from the slope on the grand allee can help cap the drop-off loop and reinforce the Cranbrook axis.

CONSTRUCTION

IN

tre

INTEGRATED STRATEGIES

MA

y of

CODE

Bou nda r

f ho idt 5’ w 3 e ag = er gs Av ildin bu

BIBLIOGRAPHY

yo

EV AT I ON

Bo und ar

ION AT EV

ARCHITECTURAL INTENT

These site strategy models show that the drop off loop is an intrusion in the grand allee zone. It lacks a bounding box on either side which makes it feel like an undefined space. The axis is also not perceptible. The pathway that leads to the natatorium is barely used.


ARCHITECTURAL INTENT t Precedents t Concept t Analysis/Conjectures

The building will attempt to bridge the two parts of the grand allee that are separated by the drop-off loop. It will help cap off the the zone outside the Friendship Gate. In keeping with the existing language at Cranbrook, the building will be a implied gateway between the forest to the north and the more built landscape area to the south. There will be minimal programmatic elements at the ground level. The hospitality areas will be house in the East wing which will appear to emerge from the hill. This wing will be lighter in terms of materiality and lighting. The West wing will contain the spa areas; its location links it to the Natatorium and hte ravine located to the north of the wing. The underground level will help link the East and West wing although this will not be perceptible at the ground level, thus emphasizing the ‘gateway’ concept.


University of Virginia - Architecture building

INTEGRATED STRATEGIES

CONSTRUCTION

Cranbrook campus

BIBLIOGRAPHY

ENVIRONMENT

Steger Student Life Center - UC campus

CODE

STRUCTURES

ARCHITECTURAL INTENT

SITE STRATEGY


PLANS

Common t 400 sf t 300 sf t 200 sf

Reception/Lobby Administrative Offices Public Toilets

Dressing t 200 sf t 600 sf

Attendant Mens and Womens Dressing

Hospitality t 1500 sf t 500 sf t 500 sf

Guest Rooms (5 @ 300sf) Communal kitchen and dining area Library and reading room

Therapy t 1000 sf t 600 sf t 1200 sf t 400 sf t 200 sf t 300 sf +/-

Studio Massage Therapy (3 rooms @ 200 sf) Therapy Pools (4 areas of variable size) Sauna/Steam Bath (200 sf men & women) Plunge Pool (100 s.f. men & 100 s.f. women) Meditation Alcoves

Mechanical t 500 sf

Mechanical equipment, water heaters, etc


BIBLIOGRAPHY

Pump room/ Mechanical room 250 ft2

PLAN - LEVEL 3

Pump room/ Mechanical room 250 ft2

PLAN - LEVEL 2

PLAN - LEVEL 1

Hot bath 330 ft2

Outdoor hot tub 280 ft2

Outdoor hot tub 280 ft2

Aromatherapy bath 280 ft2

Aromatherapy bath 280 ft2

INTEGRATED STRATEGIES

Outdoor hot tub 240 ft2

Hot bath 330 ft2

Outdoor hot tub 240 ft2

CONSTRUCTION

Aromatherapy bath 940 ft2

Aromatherapy bath 940 ft2

Communal kitchen and dining area Library and reading room 1200 ft2

ENVIRONMENT

Plunge Pool 260 ft2

Men's Sauna

Men's Dressing 530 ft2

Plunge Pool 260 ft2

Women's Sauna

CODE

Men's Steam

Women's Steam

Women's Dressing 700 ft2

Guest bedrooms 1600 ft2

Attendant

STRUCTURES

Mechanical space 100 ft2

Mechanical space 100 ft2

Mechanical space 200 ft2

Studio 1300 ft2

ARCHITECTURAL INTENT

Mechanical space 270 ft2

Meditation spaces 400 ft2

SITE STRATEGY

Public Toilets 200 ft2

Administrative offices 420 ft2


SITE SECTION


BIBLIOGRAPHY

SOUTH ELEVATION

WEST ELEVATION

NORTH ELEVATION

INTEGRATED STRATEGIES

CONSTRUCTION

ENVIRONMENT

CODE

STRUCTURES

EAST ELEVATION

ARCHITECTURAL INTENT

SITE STRATEGY


LATERAL LOADS t t

t t t

t t

Every edge of each diaphragm must be bounded by a shearwall. Shearwalls do not exceed the full length of the diaphragm, although they do have to be in close alignment with the diaphragm edge. Where shearwalls are intermittent, collectors must continue along diaphragm edges. Shearwalls must be placed symmetrically (symmetrical stiffness) In order to minimize deflections and torsions, the most effective location of shearwalls is at the outside corners. Cores are not a good strategy for short buildings. Shearwalls should line up continuously from roof to foundation.. Shearwall heights should not exceed 2.5 times their length

Shear walls Collectors Diaphragm


BIBLIOGRAPHY

Pump room/ Mechanical room 250 ft2

Pump room/ Mechanical room 250 ft2

Hot bath 330 ft2

Outdoor hot tub 280 ft2

Outdoor hot tub 280 ft2

Aromatherapy bath 280 ft2

Aromatherapy bath 280 ft2

INTEGRATED STRATEGIES

Outdoor hot tub 240 ft2

Hot bath 330 ft2

Outdoor hot tub 240 ft2

CONSTRUCTION

Aromatherapy bath 940 ft2

Aromatherapy bath 940 ft2

Communal kitchen and dining area Library and reading room 1200 ft2

Plunge Pool 260 ft2

Men's Sauna

ENVIRONMENT

Men's Dressing 530 ft2

Plunge Pool 260 ft2

Women's Sauna

CODE

Men's Steam

Women's Steam

Women's Dressing 700 ft2

Guest bedrooms 1600 ft2

Attendant

STRUCTURES

Mechanical space 100 ft2

Mechanical space 100 ft2

Mechanical space 200 ft2

Studio 1300 ft2

ARCHITECTURAL INTENT

Mechanical space 270 ft2

Meditation spaces 400 ft2

SITE STRATEGY

Public Toilets 200 ft2

Administrative offices 420 ft2


GRAVITY LOADS

Structural steel shapes are formed into their final shapes by hot-rolling. This method produces such common elements as wide flange sections, angles, channels, bars, and plates. Conventional hot-rolled structural steel is a versatile,strong material that has applications ranging from single-story structures to the tallest buildings.The high level of prefabrication normally used with structural steel results in a system that is precise and fast to erect. Structural steel elements are normally configured as a post and beam frame, with other materials or systems added to make a complete building. The slab system most commonly used with structural steel framing is a sitecast concrete slab poured over corrugated steel decking. Other sitecast or precast concrete systems are also used. Steel frames can support a great variety of cladding systems, with curtain walls of steel, aluminum, glass, masonry, and stone being the most common.


BEAMS Span 35’, Depth 20”

INTEGRATED STRATEGIES

CONSTRUCTION

GIRDERS Span 30’, Depth 20”

BIBLIOGRAPHY

ENVIRONMENT

CODE

STRUCTURES

ARCHITECTURAL INTENT

COLUMN GRID W8x40, 36ksi

SITE STRATEGY


Architect Studio Companion, page 24 Architect Studio Companion, page 35


SITE STRATEGY STRUCTURES

ARCHITECTURAL INTENT STEEL ROOF DECKING Span 12’, Roof depth 3”

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INTEGRATED STRATEGIES

STEEL ROOF DECKING Span 12’, Slab depth 6”, Floor depth 3”

CONSTRUCTION

ENVIRONMENT

CODE

STEEL FLOOR JOISTS Span 28’, Depth 14” Spacing 5’ o.c.


Roof framing plan

Communal kitchen and dining area Library and reading room 1200 ft2

Guest bedrooms 1600 ft2

Mechanical space 200 ft2

Meditation spaces 400 ft2

Roof - girder - L=15’ Cantilevered Mechanical space 100 ft2

Aromatherapy bath 940 ft2

Studio Point loads every 5’ 1300 ft2

Mechanical space 270 ft2

Administrative offices 420 ft2

Span = 15’x1.5 = 22.5’ Depth of girder = 12” Public Toilets 200 ft2

Roof - beam - L=30’ Simply supported Load = snow (40psf) + dead load (13.33psf) = 53.33 psf Beam distributed load = 53.33*15’ = 800 plf Light live load (40psf) Span = 30’x1.0 = 30’ Depth of beam = 26”

Aromatherapy bath 940 ft2

Mechanical space 100 ft2 Women's Dressing 700 ft2

Women's Sauna

Plunge Pool 260 ft2

Women's Steam

Attendant

Roof - joist - L=30’ Simply supported Load = snow (40psf) + dead load (13.33psf) = 53.33 psf Joist distributed load = 53.33*5’ = 26.65 plf

Men's Sauna

Plunge Pool 260 ft2

Men's Steam

Light live load (40psf)

Men's Dressing 530 ft2

Span = 30’x1.0 = 30’ Depth of joist = 14”


Guest bedrooms 1600 ft2

ARCHITECTURAL INTENT

Mechanical space 200 ft2

STRUCTURES

Meditation spaces 400 ft2

Floor - girder Simply supported Studio Point loads every 5’ 1300 ft2

Mechanical space 270 ft2

Span = 15’x1.0 = 15’ Depth of girder = 10”

Administrative offices 420 ft2

Public Toilets 200 ft2

Floor - beam - L=30’ Simply supported Load = live (100psf) + dead load (50psf) = 150 psf Beam distributed load = 150*15’ = 2250 plf

CODE

Mechanical space 100 ft2

Aromatherapy bath 940 ft2

ENVIRONMENT

Communal kitchen and dining area Library and reading room 1200 ft2

SITE STRATEGY

Floor framing plan

Mechanical space 100 ft2 Women's Dressing 700 ft2

Women's Sauna

Plunge Pool 260 ft2

Women's Steam

Attendant

Floor - joist - L=30’ Simply supported Load = live (100psf) + dead load (50psf) = 150 psf Beam distributed load = 150*5’ =750 plf

Men's Sauna

Plunge Pool 260 ft2

Men's Steam

Heavy live load (100psf)

Men's Dressing 530 ft2

Span = 30’x1.0 = 30’ Depth of joist = 14”

INTEGRATED STRATEGIES

Aromatherapy bath 940 ft2

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Span = 30’x1.0 = 30’ Depth of beam = 26”

CONSTRUCTION

Heavy live load (100psf)


CODE t Precedents t Analysis/Conjectures t Fire code worksheets t Egress worksheets t Accessibility worksheets

[B] SECTION 1004 OCCUPANT LOAD 1004.1 Design FIRE CODE WORKSHEETS

occupant load. In determining means of egress requirements, the number of occupants for whom means of egress facilities shall be provided shall be Occupancy load: determined in accordance with this section. Where occupants from accessory areas egress through a primary - Guest Bedroomsspace, = 1600 ft2 occupant load for the primary space the calculated shall include 1600/50 = 32 the total occupant load of the primary space plus the number of occupants egressing through it from - Communal kitchen dining areas = 600 ft2 theand accessory area.

600/15 = 40 1004.1.1 Areas without fixed seating. The number of - Library = 600 ft2 occupants shall be computed at the rate of one occupant per = unit of area as prescribed in Table 1004.1.1. For areas 600/50 12 without fixed seating, the occupant load shall not be less - Mechanical spacethan = 200+100+100 ft2by=dividing 400 ft2 that number determined the floor area under = consideration by the occupant per unit of area factor 400/300 2 assigned to the occupancy as set forth in Table 1004.1.1. - Lobby = 270 ft2Where an intended use is not listed in Table 1004.1.1, the building 270/50 = 6 official shall establish a use based on a listed use that most nearly resembles the intended use. - Studio = 1300 ft2 Exception: Where approved by the building official, the actual number of occupants for whom 1300/50=26 each occupied space, floor or building is designed, - Meditation alcoves = although 400 ft2 less than those determined by calculation, be permitted to be used in the determination 400/120 =shall 3 of the design occupant load. - Administrative offices = 420 ft2 1004.2= 5 Increased occupant load. The occupant load 420/100 permitted in any building, or portion thereof, is permitted - Public toilets = 200 to be ft2 increased from that number established for the occupancies in Table 1004.1.1, provided that all other 200/50 =4 requirements of the code are also met based on such - Dressing rooms =modified 700+530 ft2 numberft2 and = the1230 occupant load does not exceed one occupant per 7 square feet (0.65 m2) of occupiable 1230/50 = 24 floor space. Where required by the fire code official, an approved aisle,= 260+260 seating or fixed diagram - Plunge pools+sauna+steam ft2equipment = 520 ft2 substantiating any increase in occupant load shall be 520/50 = 11 submitted. Where required by the fire code official, such - Massage rooms diagram = 940shall ft2be posted. 940/120 8 1004.3= Posting of occupant load. Every room or space that is an assemblyft2 occupancy shall have the - Pool areas = 240+330+280+280 = 1130 ft2 occupant load of the room or space posted in a 1130/50 = 23 place, near the main exit or exit access conspicuous doorway - Pump room = 250 ft2 from the room or space. Posted signs shall be of an approved legible permanent design and shall be 250/300 = 1 by the owner or authorized agent. maintained 1004.4 Exiting from multiple levels. Where exits serve more than one floor, only the occupant load of considered individually shall be used in computing the required capacity of the exits at that floor, provided that the exit capacity shall not decrease in the direction of egress travel.

Total occupancy =each 197floor

TABLE 1004.1.1 MAXIMUM FLOOR AREA ALLOWANCES PER OCCUPANT FUNCTION OF SPACE Agricultural building Aircraft hangars Airport terminal Baggage claim Baggage handling Concourse Waiting areas Assembly Gaming floors (keno, slots, etc.) Assembly with fixed seats Assembly without fixed seats Concentrated (chairs only-not fixed) Standing Space Unconcentrated (tables and chairs) Bowling Centers, allow 5 persons for each lane including 15 feet or runway, and for additional areas. Business areas Courtrooms-other than fixed seating areas Day care Dormitories Educational Classroom area Shops and other vocational room areas Exercise rooms H-5 Fabrication and manufacturing areas Industrial areas Institutional areas Impatient treatment areas Outpatient areas Sleeping area Kitchen, commercial Library Reading rooms Stack area Locker rooms Mercantile Areas on the floors Basement and grade floor areas Storage, stock, shipping areas Parking garages Residential Skating rinks, swimming pools Rink and pool Decks Stages and platforms Accessory storage areas, mechanical equipment room

FLOOR AREA IN SQ FT. PER OCCUPANT

300 gross 500 gross 20 gross 300 gross 100 gross 15 gross 11 gross See Section 1004.7 7 net 5net 15 net

7 net 100 gross 40 net 35 net 50 gross 20 gross 50 gross 50 gross 200 gross 100 gross 240 gross 100 gross 120 gross 200 gross 50 net 100 gross 50 gross 60 gross 30 gross 300 gross 200 gross 20 gross 50 gross 15 gross 15 net 300 gross


BIBLIOGRAPHY

1

Pump room/ Mechanical room 250 ft2

Pump room/ Mechanical room 250 ft2

Hot bath 330 ft2

Outdoor hot tub 280 ft2

Outdoor hot tub 280 ft2

23

Aromatherapy bath 280 ft2

Aromatherapy bath 280 ft2

INTEGRATED STRATEGIES

Outdoor hot tub 240 ft2

Hot bath 330 ft2

Outdoor hot tub 240 ft2

CONSTRUCTION

8

Aromatherapy bath 940 ft2

Aromatherapy bath 940 ft2

12

40

Communal kitchen and dining area Library and reading room 1200 ft2

Men's Steam

Women's Steam

CODE

12 Men's Dressing 530 ft2

Plunge Pool 260 ft2

11

Plunge Pool 260 ft2

ENVIRONMENT

Men's Sauna

Women's Sauna

12 Women's Dressing 700 ft2

32

Guest bedrooms 1600 ft2

Attendant

STRUCTURES

Mechanical space 100 ft2

2

Mechanical space 100 ft2

Mechanical space 200 ft2

Studio 1300 ft2

26

ARCHITECTURAL INTENT

6

Mechanical space 270 ft2

Meditation spaces 400 ft2

4

SITE STRATEGY

Public Toilets 200 ft2

5

Administrative offices 420 ft2


EGRESS t

Exit Access - It conducts occupants to an exit. The most common type of exit access is an exit access corridor, but it may also be an aisle, a path across a room, or a short stair or ramp.

t

The Exit - is an enclosed, protected way of travel leading from the exit access to the exit discharge.

t

The Exit Discharge is a means of moving from an exit to a public way. Also included are simplified standards for the preliminary.


BIBLIOGRAPHY

Pump room/ Mechanical room 250 ft2

Pump room/ Mechanical room 250 ft2

Hot bath 330 ft2

Outdoor hot tub 280 ft2

Outdoor hot tub 280 ft2

Aromatherapy bath 280 ft2

Aromatherapy bath 280 ft2

INTEGRATED STRATEGIES

Outdoor hot tub 240 ft2

Hot bath 330 ft2

Outdoor hot tub 240 ft2

CONSTRUCTION

Aromatherapy bath 940 ft2

Aromatherapy bath 940 ft2

Communal kitchen and dining area Library and reading room 1200 ft2

Plunge Pool 260 ft2

Men's Sauna

ENVIRONMENT

Men's Dressing 530 ft2

Plunge Pool 260 ft2

Women's Sauna

CODE

Men's Steam

Women's Steam

Women's Dressing 700 ft2

Guest bedrooms 1600 ft2

Attendant

STRUCTURES

Mechanical space 100 ft2

Mechanical space 100 ft2

Mechanical space 200 ft2

Studio 1300 ft2

ARCHITECTURAL INTENT

Mechanical space 270 ft2

Meditation spaces 400 ft2

SITE STRATEGY

Public Toilets 200 ft2

Administrative offices 420 ft2


EGRESS t

Maximum Travel Distance (MTD)- is always measured along the actual path an occupant must take to reach the exit.

t

The Common Path of Travel (CPT) travel is the length of travel starting from anywhere in a building and continuing to a point at which two independent means of egress become available to the occupant.


BIBLIOGRAPHY

MTD = 92’

Pump room/ Mechanical room 250 ft2

Pump room/ Mechanical room 250 ft2

Hot bath 330 ft2

Outdoor hot tub 280 ft2

Outdoor hot tub 280 ft2

Aromatherapy bath 280 ft2

Aromatherapy bath 280 ft2

INTEGRATED STRATEGIES

Outdoor hot tub 240 ft2

Hot bath 330 ft2

Outdoor hot tub 240 ft2

CONSTRUCTION

Aromatherapy bath 940 ft2

Aromatherapy bath 940 ft2

Communal kitchen and dining area Library and reading room 1200 ft2

Men's Dressing 530 ft2

Plunge Pool 260 ft2

Plunge Pool 260 ft2

CODE

Men's Steam

Women's Steam

Women's Dressing 700 ft2

ENVIRONMENT

Men's Sauna

Women's Sauna

MTD = 68’

Guest bedrooms 1600 ft2

STRUCTURES

Mechanical space 100 ft2

Mechanical space 100 ft2

MTD = 131’

Attendant

MTD = 78’

Mechanical space 200 ft2

MTD = 115’

Studio 1300 ft2

ARCHITECTURAL INTENT

Mechanical space 270 ft2

Meditation spaces 400 ft2

SITE STRATEGY

Public Toilets 200 ft2

Administrative offices 420 ft2


ACCESSIBILITY INTERNATIONAL BUILDING CODE 2012 SECTION 1104.4 Multilevel buildings and facilities. t At least one accessible route shall connect each accessible level, including mezzanines, in multilevel buildings and facilities. SECTION 1104.5 Location. t Accessible routes shall coincide with or be located in the same area as a general circulation path. Where only one accessible route is provided, the accessible route shall not pass through kitchens, storage rooms, restrooms, closets or similar spaces. SECTION 1208.2 Minimum ceiling heights. t Occupiable spaces, habitable spaces and corridors shall have a ceiling height of not less than 7 ‘6”. t Bathrooms, toilet rooms, kitchens, storage rooms and laundry rooms shall be permitted to have a ceiling height of not less than 7’. SECTION 1007.3 Stairways. t In order to be considered part of an accessible means of egress, a stairway between stories shall have a clear width of 48” min. between handrails. SECTION 1009.3 Exit access stairways. t Floor openings between stories created by exit access stairways shall be enclosed. SECTION 1009.4 Width. t The width of stairways shall not be less than 44” . SECTION 1009.5 Headroom. t Stairways shall have a minimum headroom clearance of 80” measured vertically from a line connecting the edge of the nosings. SECTION 1008.1.1 Size of doors. t The minimum width of each door opening shall provide a clear width of 32”. t The maximum width of a swinging door leaf shall be 48” nominal. t The height of door openings shall not be less than 80”. SECTION 1009.7.2 Riser height and tread depth. t Stair riser heights shall be 7” maximum and 4” minimum. t Rectangular tread depths shall be 11” minimum measured horizontally between the vertical planes of the foremost projection of adjacent treads and at a right angle to the treadís nosing. SECTION 1009.7.5 Nosing and riser profile. t The radius of curvature at the leading edge of the tread shall be not greater than 9/16 ”. SECTION 1109.2 Toilet and bathing facilities. t Each toilet room and bathing room shall be accessible. At least one of each type of fixture, element, control or dispenser in each accessible toilet room and bathing room shall be accessible. SECTION 1109.3 Sinks. t Where sinks are provided, at least 5 percent but not less than one provided in accessible spaces shall be accessible. SECTION 1109.6 Saunas and steam rooms. t Where provided, saunas and steam rooms shall be accessible.


Outdoor hot tub 280 ft2

Hot bath 330 ft2

Outdoor hot tub 240 ft2

Outdoor hot tub 280 ft2

ADA acccessible pools

Hot bath 330 ft2

Outdoor hot tub 240 ft2

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Aromatherapy bath 280 ft2

Aromatherapy bath 280 ft2

INTEGRATED STRATEGIES

Two accessible means of egress

Pump room/ Mechanical room 250 ft2

Pump room/ Mechanical room 250 ft2

CONSTRUCTION

Aromatherapy bath 940 ft2

ADA acccessible massage room

Aromatherapy bath 940 ft2

Communal kitchen and dining area Library and reading room 1200 ft2

Women's Dressing 700 ft2

Men's Dressing 530 ft2

Plunge Pool 260 ft2

Plunge Pool 260 ft2

ENVIRONMENT

Men's Sauna

Women's Sauna

Attendant

CODE

Men's Steam

Mechanical space 270 ft2

Mechanical space 100 ft2

Studio 1300 ft2

Meditation spaces 400 ft2

ARCHITECTURAL INTENT

Riser = 6”, Tread = 12”

STRUCTURES

Public corridors > 60” wide

Women's Steam

At least one ADA fixture of each

Entry is ADA accessible

Mechanical space 100 ft2

Mechanical space 200 ft2

Stair width = 48”

All units are ADA accessible All activities are ADA accessible

Stair width = 48”

Door width = 36”

Guest bedrooms 1600 ft2

SITE STRATEGY

Public Toilets 200 ft2

Administrative offices 420 ft2


ENVIRONMENT t Precedents t Active Systems worksheet t Passive Systems worksheet t Daylighting worksheet

DETROIT, MICHIGAN BLOOMFIELD HILLS LATITUDE = 42.6N, LONGITUDE = 83.2W Basic climatic condition t Comfortable period12% of the year t Too hot 12% of the year t Too cold 76% of the year Sunshine t annual sunshine- avg 54% of daylight hours t peak solar radiation in January t Hor. sq ft = 600 btu/day t Ver. sq ft = 1100 btu/day Annual Degree-Days t Heating degree-days = 7642 t Cooling degree-days = 467 Winter t HDD (65F) = 6564 t Design dry-bulb (F) (97.5%) = 6 t Design dry-bulb abd mean coincident wet-bulb (F) (2.5%) = 88/72 Summer t CDD (74F) = 4889 t Mean daily range (F) = 20 t Design wet-bulb (F) (2.5%) = 74


BIBLIOGRAPHY

INTEGRATED STRATEGIES

CONSTRUCTION

ENVIRONMENT

CODE

STRUCTURES

PROJECT: Thermal Bath/Therme Vals

ARCHITECTS: Peter Zumthor LOCATION: Basel, Switzerland

ARCHITECTURAL INTENT

SITE STRATEGY


#64 IP

IP

0.055 0.137 0.052

4.2

6.9

9.6

R-8/R-10

R-6/R-8

48 inches R-11/R-13 R-4/R-6

12.3

66

5.0 - 9.9 10.0 - 14.9 15.0 +

0.092 0.099 0.105

0.110 0.124 0.128

Wall below grade: R-9 ABLE 402.4.1.1 MAX. WALL THERMAL TRANSMITTANCE (Uow) Insulation Position TABLEWWR 402.4.1.1 MAX. TRANSMITTANCE (Uow) ILD Range HC WALL Range THERMAL Interior/Integral Exterior All 0 to 100 0.0 - 4.9 0.087 0.087 Insulation Position 0.113 ILD Range WWR5.0 - 9.9 HC Range 0.092 Interior/Integral Exterior 10.0 - 14.9 0.0 - 4.9 0.101 All 23 0 to 100 0.0870.128 0.087 0.00 to 1.50 15.0 + 5.0 - 9.9 0.108 0.0920.133 0.113 23 5.0 - 9.9 10.0 - 14.90.091 0.1010.107 0.128 64 10.0 - 14.9 0.097 0.00 to 1.50 15.0 + 0.1080.118 0.133 15.0 + 0.102 0.121 5.0 - 9.9 0.091 0.107 5.0 - 9.9 0.094 0.121 64 10.0 14.9 0.097 0.118 20 10.0 - 14.9 0.104 0.141 15.0 + 0.1020.148 0.121 1.51 to 3.00 15.0 + 0.114 0.0940.110 0.121 5.0 - 9.9 5.0 - 9.9 0.092 20 10.0 - 14.9 10.0 - 14.90.099 0.1040.123 0.141 67 1.51 to 3.00 15.0 + 0.1140.127 0.148 15.0 + 0.104 5.0 - 9.9 5.0 - 9.9 0.094 0.0920.123 0.110 18 67 10.0 - 14.9 10.0 - 14.90.106 0.0990.145 0.123 3.01 to 3.50 15.0 + 0.116 15.0 + 0.1040.153 0.127 5.0 - 9.9 5.0 - 9.9 0.092 0.0940.110 0.123 66 18 10.0 - 14.9 10.0 - 14.90.099 0.1060.124 0.145 15.0 + 0.105 3.01 to 3.50 15.0 + 0.1160.128 0.153

Vertical

ABLE 402.3.2 MINIMUM THERMAL RESISTANCE (R-VALUE) lab on grade: Unheated / Heated: 24RESISTANCE inches 36 inches 48 inches TABLE 402.3.2 MINIMUM THERMAL (R-VALUE) Horizontal R-16/R-18 R-14/R-16 R-11/R-13 Slab on grade: Unheated / Heated: 24 inches 36 inches Vertical R-8/R-10 R-6/R-8 R-4/R-6 Horizontal R-16/R-18 R-14/R-16 all below grade: R-9

70

ABLE 402.3.1(B) MAX. EXEMPT SKYLIGHT AREA AS % OF ROOF AREA TABLE MAX. SKYLIGHT % OF ROOF AREA Visible Light402.3.1(B) Light level EXEMPT Range of LightingAREA Power AS Densities Visible Light Light level Range of Lighting Power Transmittance (VLT) Ft. Candles <1.00 1.00 - 1.50 1.51 - 2.00 >2.00 Densities Transmittance (VLT) Ft. Candles <1.00 1.00 >2.00 30 2.3 3.4 4.5- 1.50 1.51 5.6- 2.00 30 2.3 3.4 4.5 5.6 0.75 50 2.5 4.0 5.5 7.0 70 2.8 4.6 6.4 8.2 0.75 50 2.5 4.0 5.5 7.0 30 3.6 5.1 6.6 8.1 70 2.8 4.6 6.4 8.2 0.50 50 3.9 6.0 8.1 10.2 30 3.6 5.1 6.6 8.1 70 4.2 6.9 9.6 12.3 0.50 50 3.9 6.0 8.1 10.2

Floor over unconditioned space

ABLE 402.3.1(A) MAX. THERMAL TRANSMITTANCE (U) TABLE 402.3.1(A) MAX. THERMAL TRANSMITTANCE (U) oof 0.055 Roof all adjacent to unconditioned space 0.137 Wall adjacent to unconditioned space loor over unconditioned space 0.052

TABLE 301.1 EXTERIOR DESIGN CONDITIONS ABLE 301.1 EXTERIOR DESIGN CONDITIONS Dry Bulb: 3°F Bulb: 3°F HDD65: 5997 HDD65: 5997 INTERWINTER Design DryDesign UMMER Design DryDesign Bulb:88°F;Mean Coincident Wet Bulb:72°F 922 CDD65: 922 SUMMER Dry Bulb:88°F;Mean Coincident Wet CDD65: Bulb:72°F nnual Operating Hours, 8AM - 4PM8AM when-55°F<=T<=69°F: 632 Annual Operating Hours, 4PM when 55°F<=T<=69°F: 632

Detroit,Detroit, MI #64MI

434 -Commercial Federal Commercial Building Energy 10CFR 10CFR 434 - Federal Building Energy Code - MayCode 1998 - May 1998

0.50 +

0.87 - 0.63 0.62 - 0.53 0.52 - 0.44 0.43 - 0.00

29 33 36 39

31 35 39 43

#64

34 40 45 51

IP

36 39 42 44

39 43 46 49

48 55 60 66

IP

TABLE 402.4.1.2 MAXIMUM WINDOW WALL RATIO (WWR) TABLE 402.4.1.2 MAXIMUM WINDOW WALL RATIO (WWR) U-Factor (Uof) Fenestration U-Factor Fenestration (Uof) Internal Projection Solar Heat Perimeter Internal Projection Base SolarCase Heat Base Daylighting Case Perimeter Daylighting Load Factor LoadGain Factor VLT>=SC Gain VLT>=SC Density (PF) Coefficient 0.52 0.39 0.59 0.59 0.52 0.39 0.59 0.52 Density (PF) 0.59 Coefficient 0.52 0.39 0.39 (ILD) Range (ILD) (SHGC)Range to (SHGC) to to to to to to toto to to to Range Range 0.53 Range 0.40 0.00 0.53 0.53 0.40 0.00 0.53 0.40 Range 0.40 0.00 0.00 0.87 - 0.63 23 24 26 24 25 0.87 - 0.63 23 24 2628 24 25 28 0.62 - 0.53 26 28 31 28 29 33 0.62 - 0.53 26 28 31 28 29 33 0.00 0.52 - 0.44 29 31 35 30 32 37 0.00 -32 0.52 29 31 3542 30 32 37 0.25 0.43 - 0.34 35 - 0.44 40 33 36 0.25 37 0.43 32 35 4050 33 36 42 0.33 - 0.23 40 - 0.34 48 37 41 37 40 4861 37 41 50 0.22 - 0.00 43 0.33 47 - 0.23 60 43 48 43 47 6038 43 48 61 0.87 - 0.63 30 0.22 32 - 0.00 36 31 34 30 32 3644 31 34 38 0.00 0.26 0.62 - 0.53 34 0.87 36 - 0.63 42 35 38 1.50 0.50 0.000.52 40 - 0.53 47 37 41 - - 0.44 0.26 -37 0.62 34 36 4249 35 38 44 43 - 0.44 53 40 44 1.500.43 - 0.34 0.50 39 0.52 37 40 4755 37 41 49 0.33 - 0.00 43 0.43 48 - 0.34 61 43 48 39 43 5362 40 44 55 0.87 - 0.63 36 0.33 39 - 0.00 45 36 40 43 48 6148 43 48 62 0.50 + 0.62 - 0.53 39 0.87 43 - 0.63 51 39 44 36 39 4554 36 40 48 0.52 - 0.44 46 - 0.53 57 42 46 0.50 +42 0.62 39 43 5159 39 44 54 0.43 - 0.00 44 49 62 44 49 64 0.52 - 0.44 42 46 57 42 46 59 0.87 - 0.63 20 21 22 25 26 28 44 49 6234 44 49 64 0.62 - 0.53 23 0.43 24 - 0.00 26 28 30 20 21 2238 25 26 28 0.00 0.52 - 0.44 26 0.87 28 - 0.63 30 31 33 23 24 2644 28 30 34 0.25 0.43 - 0.34 30 0.62 31 - 0.53 35 34 37 0.00 -35 0.52 26 28 3052 31 33 38 0.33 - 0.23 37 - 0.44 43 39 43 0.25 42 0.43 30 31 3565 34 37 44 0.22 - 0.00 46 - 0.34 56 45 50 35 37 4339 39 43 52 0.87 - 0.63 27 0.33 28 - 0.23 30 32 34 1.51 0.26 0.62 - 0.53 30 0.22 32 - 0.00 36 35 38 42 46 5646 45 50 65 3.00 0.50 0.52 - 0.44 34 0.87 36 - 0.63 41 38 42 27 28 3051 32 34 39 40 - 0.53 46 41 45 1.510.43 - - 0.34 0.26 -37 0.62 30 32 3657 35 38 46 46 - 0.44 55 45 50 3.000.33 - 0.00 0.50 42 0.52 34 36 4165 38 42 51 0.87 - 0.63 32 0.43 34 - 0.34 38 37 40 37 40 4649 41 45 57 0.50 + 0.62 - 0.53 36 39 45 40 45 0.33 - 0.00 42 46 5556 45 50 65 0.52 - 0.44 39 43 50 43 48 61 0.87 - 0.63 32 34 38 37 40 49 0.43 - 0.00 42 46 56 45 51 67 0.50 + 0.62 0.53 36 39 45 40 45 56 0.87 - 0.63 18 18 19 24 25 28 39 43 5033 43 48 61 0.62 - 0.53 21 0.52 22 - 0.44 23 28 29 42 46 5638 45 51 67 0.00 0.52 - 0.44 24 0.43 25 - 0.00 27 31 33 18 18 1943 24 25 28 0.25 0.43 - 0.34 27 0.87 28 - 0.63 31 34 36 21 22 2352 28 29 33 0.33 - 0.23 32 0.62 34 - 0.53 39 38 42 0.22 - 0.00 43 - 0.44 51 44 49 0.00 -39 0.52 24 25 2764 31 33 38 0.87 - 0.63 25 - 0.34 27 31 33 0.25 24 0.43 27 28 3138 34 36 43 3.01 0.26 0.62 - 0.53 28 0.33 29 - 0.23 32 34 37 32 34 3945 38 42 52 3.50 0.50 0.52 - 0.44 31 0.22 32 - 0.00 36 37 41 39 43 5150 44 49 64 0.43 - 0.34 34 0.87 36 - 0.63 42 40 44 24 25 2756 31 33 38 42 - 0.53 50 44 49 3.010.33 - - 0.00 0.26 -39 0.62 28 29 3264 34 37 45 0.87 - 0.63 29 31 34 36 39 48 3.50 0.50 0.52 - 0.44 31 32 36 37 41 50 0.50 + 0.62 - 0.53 33 35 40 39 43 55 0.43 0.34 34 36 42 40 44 56 0.52 - 0.44 36 39 45 42 46 60 39 42 5066 44 49 64 0.43 - 0.00 39 0.33 43 - 0.00 51 44 49

MI Detroit, MI Detroit, #64

10CFR 434 - Federal Commercial Building 10CFR 434 - Federal Commercial Building Energy Code - MayEnergy 1998 Code - May 1998


Hot bath 330 ft2

Outdoor hot tub 240 ft2

Aromatherapy bath 280 ft2

Unshaded portion of the pathway

Outdoor hot tub 280 ft2

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Pump room/ Mechanical room 250 ft2

Hot bath 330 ft2

Outdoor hot tub 280 ft2

Aromatherapy bath 280 ft2

INTEGRATED STRATEGIES

Outdoor hot tub 240 ft2

Hot tub - optional opening to northern woods

Pump room/ Mechanical room 250 ft2

CONSTRUCTION

Aromatherapy bath 940 ft2

Aromatherapy bath 940 ft2

Communal kitchen and dining area Library and reading room 1200 ft2

Plunge Pool 260 ft2

Men's Sauna

ENVIRONMENT

Men's Dressing 530 ft2

Plunge Pool 260 ft2

Women's Sauna

CODE

Men's Steam

Women's Steam

Women's Dressing 700 ft2

Attendant

Mechanical space 100 ft2

STRUCTURES

Pathway shaded by the volume abcve

Mechanical space 100 ft2

Guest bedroom balconies behind louvered facade

Mechanical space 200 ft2

Road/Pedestrian pathway underneath cantilevered hospitality volume

Guest bedrooms 1600 ft2

Studio 1300 ft2

ARCHITECTURAL INTENT

Mechanical space 270 ft2

Meditation spaces 400 ft2

SITE STRATEGY

Public Toilets 200 ft2

Administrative offices 420 ft2

Studio Patio - extension into the Grand Allee


SOLAR CALCULATOR t

Profile Angle - The angle between Normal to Window and the rays of the sun perpendicular to the window plane. Profile Angle must be determined in order to compute position and dimensions of shading devices.

t

Direct Radiation - the energy from the sun that hits the earth without being obstructed by clouds, molecules, or aerosols. It is the sunlight that creates a shadow at the surface.

SOLAR CALCULATOR

PROFILE ANGLE

Annual Version, Pacific Energy Center

INPUT: LATITUDE SURFACE AZIMUTH (0=south,+E, -W) SURFACE TILT (90 = Vert) TRANS @ NORMAL

East Cranbrook spa ANNUAL SUMMARY:

43 43 °LAT 0.0 00 °AZI 90 0.9

ENTER DESIRED VARIABLE:

5

1 = Solar Altitude 2 = Solar Azimuth 3 = Solar Surface Azimuth 4 = Angle of Incidence 5 = Profile Angle 6 = Direct Radiation 7 = Diffuse Radiation 8 = Total Radiation 9 = Trans. Radiation

This spreadsheet calculates the major solar variables for a specific latitude and surface orientation. The function you select will be graphed below. For more information contact Charles C. Benton, the Pacific Energy Center, 851 Howard Street, San Francisco, CA, 94103.

Hour 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24

Degrees (in Section)

DEC JAN-NOV FEB-OCT MAR-SEP APR-AUG MAY-JUL 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6.1 15.5 20.4 22.8 23.6 22.8 20.4 15.5 6.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 10.9 19.8 24.2 26.4 27.0 26.4 24.2 19.8 10.9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 10.6 26.1 31.9 34.6 35.8 36.2 35.8 34.6 31.9 26.1 10.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 47.0 47.0 47.0 47.0 47.0 47.0 47.0 47.0 47.0 47.0 47.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 85.4 69.3 63.2 60.3 59.0 58.6 59.0 60.3 63.2 69.3 85.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

JUNE

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 83.1 74.2 69.8 67.6 67.0 67.6 69.8 74.2 83.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 87.9 78.5 73.6 71.2 70.5 71.2 73.6 78.5 87.9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

SOLAR CALCULATOR

DIRECT RADIATION

Annual Version, Pacific Energy Center

INPUT: LATITUDE SURFACE AZIMUTH (0=south,+E, -W) SURFACE TILT (90 = Vert) TRANS @ NORMAL

ENTER DESIRED VARIABLE: 1 = Solar Altitude 2 = Solar Azimuth 3 = Solar Surface Azimuth 4 = Angle of Incidence 5 = Profile Angle 6 = Direct Radiation 7 = Diffuse Radiation 8 = Total Radiation 9 = Trans. Radiation

This spreadsheet calculates the major solar variables for a specific latitude and surface orientation. The function you select will be graphed below. For more information contact Charles C. Benton, the Pacific Energy Center, 851 Howard Street, San Francisco, CA, 94103.

East Cranbrook spa ANNUAL SUMMARY:

43 43 °LAT 0.0 00 °AZI 90 0.9

6

Btu/SF Hr.

Hour

DEC

JAN-NOV

FEB-OCT

MAR-SEP

APR-AUG

MAY-JUL

JUNE

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 25.7 142.5 205.9 240.1 251.2 240.1 205.9 142.5 25.7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 61.5 156.4 212.1 243.7 254.2 243.7 212.1 156.4 61.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 10.0 97.5 161.0 206.3 234.1 243.5 234.1 206.3 161.0 97.5 10.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 29.1 83.7 134.1 173.6 198.6 207.2 198.6 173.6 134.1 83.7 29.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 5.3 46.8 88.6 122.5 144.4 151.9 144.4 122.5 88.6 46.8 5.3 0.0 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 17.5 54.1 84.2 103.8 110.5 103.8 84.2 54.1 17.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 5.4 39.7 68.0 86.5 92.9 86.5 68.0 39.7 5.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0 0 0 0

TOTAL

1480

1602

1661

1445

967

630

492

DIRECT RADIATION

PROFILE ANGLE NOTES:

NOTES:

1. Use this calculator by inserting values in the values in the input (purple) section.

1. Use this calculator by inserting values in the values in the input (purple) section.

90.0

80.0

2. Radiation values are calculated using approximate algorithms to suggest patterns only. Verify carefully with other sources to confirm reliability.

70.0

60.0 50.0

300.0

2. Radiation values are calculated using approximate algorithms to suggest patterns only. Verify carefully with other sources to confirm reliability.

250.0

DISCLAIMER:

100.0

200.0 150.0

40.0

4 8

We use this worksheet as a preliminary, informal calculator for solar variables and make no claims of elegance or accuracy. For important calculations check these figures using a second and/or third source (e.g. Chap. 27, ASHRAE Handbook of Fundamentals.)

50.0 00 4 8

12

12

JUNE

DEC

MAR-SEP

MAY-JUL

© Charles C. Benton The Pacific Energy Center PG&E 1993

TIME

20 APR-AUG

43 °LAT 00 °AZI

JAN-NOV

24

16 FEB-OCT

JUNE

APR-AUG

JAN-NOV

PG&E disclaims all implied warranties, including without limitation warranties of performance and fitness for a particular purpose. This software is provided "as is" and the user assumes the entire risk as to its quality and performance.

TIME

20 MAR-SEP

FEB-OCT

16

MAY-JUL

© Charles C. Benton The Pacific Energy Center PG&E 1993

Degrees (in Section)

PG&E disclaims all implied warranties, including without limitation warranties of performance and fitness for a particular purpose. This software is provided "as is" and the user assumes the entire risk as to its quality and performance.

10.0

00

DEC

We use this worksheet as a preliminary, informal calculator for solar variables and make no claims of elegance or accuracy. For important calculations check these figures using a second and/or third source (e.g. Chap. 27, ASHRAE Handbook of Fundamentals.)

20.0

Btu/SF Hr.

30.0

DISCLAIMER:

24 43 °LAT 00 °AZI


SITE STRATEGY ARCHITECTURAL INTENT INTEGRATED STRATEGIES

WIND WHEEL - november - february - moderate winds in the NW direction

BIBLIOGRAPHY

WIND WHEEL - june-september - strong winds from the SW direction

CONSTRUCTION

ENVIRONMENT

CODE

STRUCTURES

WIND WHEEL - all months


PSYCHROMETRIC CHART Comfort Zone t relative humidity = 40%-80% t humidity ratio = 0.012-.004 t dew point temp = 30-60F t dry bulb temp = 70-75F

WIND WHEEL - all months

WIND WHEEL - june-september - strong winds from the SW direction WIND WHEEL - november - february - moderate winds in the NW direction


BIBLIOGRAPHY

INTEGRATED STRATEGIES

CONSTRUCTION

ENVIRONMENT

CODE

STRUCTURES

ARCHITECTURAL INTENT

SITE STRATEGY

Recommended passive design strategies


PASSIVE STRATEGIES t

Double envelope

t

Green roofs

t

Toplighting

t

Sidelighting

t

Light Shelves

t

Radiant heating


BIBLIOGRAPHY

Pump room/ Mechanical room 250 ft2

Pump room/ Mechanical room 250 ft2

Hot bath 330 ft2

Outdoor hot tub 280 ft2

Outdoor hot tub 280 ft2

Aromatherapy bath 280 ft2

Aromatherapy bath 280 ft2

INTEGRATED STRATEGIES

Outdoor hot tub 240 ft2

Hot bath 330 ft2

Outdoor hot tub 240 ft2

CONSTRUCTION

Aromatherapy bath 940 ft2

Aromatherapy bath 940 ft2

Communal kitchen and dining area Library and reading room 1200 ft2

Plunge Pool 260 ft2

Men's Sauna

ENVIRONMENT

Men's Dressing 530 ft2

Plunge Pool 260 ft2

Women's Sauna

CODE

Men's Steam

Women's Steam

Women's Dressing 700 ft2

Guest bedrooms 1600 ft2

Attendant

STRUCTURES

Mechanical space 100 ft2

Mechanical space 100 ft2

Mechanical space 200 ft2

Studio 1300 ft2

ARCHITECTURAL INTENT

Mechanical space 270 ft2

Meditation spaces 400 ft2

SITE STRATEGY

Public Toilets 200 ft2

Administrative offices 420 ft2


ACTIVE SYSTEMS Location of equipment/mechanical rooms t

AHU/ Air Handling Unit

t

Vertical shaft for ductwork

t

Fan room

t

VAV/ Variable Air Volume unit

t

Pool Equipment

t

Radiant heating


BIBLIOGRAPHY

Pump room/ Mechanical room 250 ft2

Pump room/ Mechanical room 250 ft2

Hot bath 330 ft2

Outdoor hot tub 280 ft2

Outdoor hot tub 280 ft2

Aromatherapy bath 280 ft2

Aromatherapy bath 280 ft2

INTEGRATED STRATEGIES

Outdoor hot tub 240 ft2

Hot bath 330 ft2

Outdoor hot tub 240 ft2

CONSTRUCTION

Aromatherapy bath 940 ft2

Aromatherapy bath 940 ft2

Communal kitchen and dining area Library and reading room 1200 ft2

Plunge Pool 260 ft2

Men's Sauna

ENVIRONMENT

Men's Dressing 530 ft2

Plunge Pool 260 ft2

Women's Sauna

CODE

Men's Steam

Women's Steam

Women's Dressing 700 ft2

Guest bedrooms 1600 ft2

Attendant

STRUCTURES

Mechanical space 100 ft2

Mechanical space 100 ft2

Mechanical space 200 ft2

Studio 1300 ft2

ARCHITECTURAL INTENT

Mechanical space 270 ft2

Meditation spaces 400 ft2

SITE STRATEGY

Public Toilets 200 ft2

Administrative offices 420 ft2


ACTIVE SYSTEMS Ductwork t

Primary supply duct

t

Primary return duct

t

Branch supply duct

t

Branch return duct

t

Intake vent

t

Exhaust vent


BIBLIOGRAPHY

Pump room/ Mechanical room 250 ft2

Pump room/ Mechanical room 250 ft2

Hot bath 330 ft2

Outdoor hot tub 280 ft2

Outdoor hot tub 280 ft2

Aromatherapy bath 280 ft2

Aromatherapy bath 280 ft2

INTEGRATED STRATEGIES

Outdoor hot tub 240 ft2

Hot bath 330 ft2

Outdoor hot tub 240 ft2

CONSTRUCTION

Aromatherapy bath 940 ft2

Aromatherapy bath 940 ft2

Communal kitchen and dining area Library and reading room 1200 ft2

Plunge Pool 260 ft2

Men's Sauna

ENVIRONMENT

Men's Dressing 530 ft2

Plunge Pool 260 ft2

Women's Sauna

CODE

Men's Steam

Women's Steam

Women's Dressing 700 ft2

Guest bedrooms 1600 ft2

Attendant

STRUCTURES

Mechanical space 100 ft2

Mechanical space 100 ft2

Mechanical space 200 ft2

Studio 1300 ft2

ARCHITECTURAL INTENT

Mechanical space 270 ft2

Meditation spaces 400 ft2

SITE STRATEGY

Public Toilets 200 ft2

Administrative offices 420 ft2


DAYLIGHT STUDIES t

The lighting in the studio space is not balanced and needs to be controlled better.

t

By creating some perforated or translucent areas in the hospitality volume, exterior views are allowed.

t

The articulations in the metal cladding need to be more intentional to let a greater amount of light in.


SITE STRATEGY ARCHITECTURAL INTENT JUNE 20 - 9am

JUNE 20 - 3pm

JUNE 20 - 6pm

SEPTEMBER 22 - 9am

SEPTEMBER 22 - 3pm

SEPTEMBER 22 - 6pm

DECEMBER 21 - 9am

DECEMBER 21 - 3pm

DECEMBER 21 - 6pm

STRUCTURES

MARCH 20 - 6pm

CODE

MARCH 20 - 3pm

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INTEGRATED STRATEGIES

CONSTRUCTION

ENVIRONMENT

MARCH 20 - 9am


CONSTRUCTION t Precedents t Building Envelope worksheet t Detail worksheet

DETROIT, MICHIGAN BLOOMFIELD HILLS LATITUDE = 42.6N, LONGITUDE = 83.2W Basic climatic condition t Comfortable period12% of the year t Too hot 12% of the year t Too cold 76% of the year Sunshine t annual sunshine- avg 54% of daylight hours t peak solar radiation in January t Hor. sq ft = 600 btu/day t Ver. sq ft = 1100 btu/day Annual Degree-Days t Heating degree-days = 7642 t Cooling degree-days = 467 Winter t HDD (65F) = 6564 t Design dry-bulb (F) (97.5%) = 6 t Design dry-bulb abd mean coincident wet-bulb (F) (2.5%) = 88/72 Summer t CDD (74F) = 4889 t Mean daily range (F) = 20 t Design wet-bulb (F) (2.5%) = 74


GATEWAY Cranbrook campus

INTEGRATED STRATEGIES

CONSTRUCTION

ENVIRONMENT

CODE

STRUCTURES

ARCHITECTURAL INTENT

LOCATION: Detroit, Michigan

BIBLIOGRAPHY

PROJECT: Cranbrook campus

SITE STRATEGY


BRICK FACADE DETAILS 

 

BRICK CLADDING - EXTERIOR INSULATION - PARAPET WALL interior gypsum board steel studs w/batt insulation exterior gypsum board mineral fiber insulation (vapor permeable) moisture barrier air space brick veneer

thru-flashing overlaps moisture barrier and roofing membrane by 4"min

mechanical fastener

brick tie base plate with straightflash patch

BRICK CLADDING - EXTERIOR INSULATION - WALL PENETRATION interior gypsum board steel studs w/batt insulation exterior gypsum board mineral fiber insulation (vapor permeable) moisture barrier air space brick veneer sealant tape angle wrapped with moisture barrier

angle wrapped with moisture barrier

penetration sealant tape

BRICK CLADDING - EXTERIOR INSULATION - SHELF ANGLE interior gypsum board steel studs w/batt insulation exterior gypsum board mineral fiber insulation (vapor permeable) moisture barrier air space brick veneer brick tie base plate with flashing

commercial sealant  6" wrap over thru-wall flashing

sealant tape thru-wall flashing with 1 /4" drip edge

flashing

BRICK CLADDING - EXTERIOR INSULATION - BASE OF WALL interior gypsum board steel studs w/batt insulation exterior gypsum board mineral fiber insulation (vapor permeable) moisture barrier air space brick veneer

brick tie base plate with flashing

commercial sealant mechanical fastener exterior insulation wrap 6" over thru-wall flashing thru-wall flashing with 1 /4" drip edge

sealant tape damp proofing


BRICK CLADDING - FLANGED WINDOW - JAMB interior gypsum board steel studs w/batt insulation exterior gypsum board mositure barrier self adhered flashing air space masonry veneer

SITE STRATEGY ARCHITECTURAL INTENT

BRICK FACADE DETAILS - OPENINGS

seal flashing to moisture barrier

window frame

STRUCTURES

sealant

backer rod and sealant as air seal tape flashing

drip edge sealant

CONSTRUCTION

BRICK CLADDING - FLANGED WINDOW - HEAD       

ENVIRONMENT

CODE

seal moisture barrier and window frame using a sealant

flashing adhered to moisture barrier

INTEGRATED STRATEGIES

BRICK CLADDING - FLANGED WINDOW - SILL typical wall interior gypsum board steel studs w/batt insulation exterior gypsum board moisture barrier air space masonry veneer

BIBLIOGRAPHY

window frame

seal barrier and window frame using a sealant window frame sealant sealed moisture barrier


BRICK FACADE DETAILS - AXON

BRICK CLADDING - EXTERIOR INSULATION - PARAPET WALL interior gypsum board steel studs w/batt insulation exterior gypsum board mineral fiber insulation (vapor permeable) moisture barrier air space brick veneer

metal cap flashing  

roof membrane thru-flashing overlaps moisture barrier and roofing membrane by 4"min

mechanical fastener brick tie base plate with straightflash patch

BRICK CLADDING - EXTERIOR INSULATION - BASE OF WALL interior gypsum board steel studs w/batt insulation exterior gypsum board mineral fiber insulation (vapor permeable) moisture barrier air space brick veneer

brick tie base plate with flashing

thru-wall flashing with 1 /4" drip edge

mechanical fastener commercial sealant sealant tape damp proofing

 

 

EXPANSION JOINT ON BRICK WALL interior gypsum board steel studs w/batt insulation exterior gypsum board mineral fiber insulation (vapor permeable) moisture barrier wrap air space brick veneer

 



    

CONTROL JOINT ON BRICK WALL interior gypsum board steel studs w/batt insulation exterior gypsum board mineral fiber insulation (vapor permeable) moisture barrier wrap air space brick veneer

  


SITE STRATEGY ARCHITECTURAL INTENT STRUCTURES

METAL PANELS - PARAPET WALL self adhered flashing roof membrane exterior sheathing steel studs w/batt insulation exterior gypsum board moisture barrier self adhered flashing metal panel cladding

METAL PANELS - BASE OF WALL interior gypsum board steel studs w/batt insulation exterior gypsum board moisture barrier metal panel cladding

flashing patch behind mounting clip

seal base

ENVIRONMENT CONSTRUCTION

flashing patch behind mounting clip

INTEGRATED STRATEGIES

self-adhered flashing over parapet wall - overlapping moisture barrier and roofing membrane

CODE

roofing membrane

BIBLIOGRAPHY

drip edge


METAL FACADE DETAILS



METAL PANELS - PARAPET WALL self adhered flashing roof membrane exterior sheathing steel studs w/batt insulation exterior gypsum board moisture barrier self adhered flashing metal panel cladding self-adhered flashing over parapet wall - overlapping moisture barrier and roofing membrane

roofing membrane

flashing patch behind mounting clip

METAL PANELS - CANTILEVERED VOULUME interior gypsum board steel studs w/batt insulation exterior gypsum board moisture barrier metal panel cladding

flashing patch behind mounting clip

seal base drip edge backer rod and sealant joint seal moisture barrier to concrete

METAL PANELS - BASE OF WALL interior gypsum board steel studs w/batt insulation exterior gypsum board moisture barrier metal panel cladding flashing patch behind mounting clip

seal base

drip edge damp proofing


seal between moisture barrier and window frame using a sealant sealant backer rod and sealant as air seal

SITE STRATEGY

METAL PANELS - FLANGED WINDOW - JAMB interior gypsum board steel studs w/batt insulation exterior gypsum board moisture barrier metal panel cladding

ARCHITECTURAL INTENT

METAL FACADE DETAILS - OPENINGS

METAL PANELS - FLANGED WINDOW - HEAD interior gypsum board steel studs w/batt insulation exterior gypsum board moisture barrier metal panel cladding

ENVIRONMENT

CODE

seal between the moisture barrier and window frame using an approved sealant

STRUCTURES

window frame

backer rod and sealant as air seal drip edge sealant

seal wrap to moisture barrier

INTEGRATED STRATEGIES

METAL PANELS - FLANGED WINDOW - SILL interior gypsum board steel studs w/batt insulation exterior gypsum board moisture barrier metal panel cladding

BIBLIOGRAPHY

window frame

CONSTRUCTION

moisture barrier

turn up moisture barrier and adhere to blocking seal between moisture barrier and window frame using a sealant backer rod and sealant as air seal window frame sealant


INTEGRATED STRATEGIES t Precedents t Analysis/Conjectures t Integration worksheets


BIBLIOGRAPHY

INTEGRATED STRATEGIES

CONSTRUCTION

ENVIRONMENT

CODE

STRUCTURES

ARCHITECTURAL INTENT

SITE STRATEGY


SEC Tech book