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fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


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]k; ]k; fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014

gpuNjr fyhrhu Nguit gpuNjr nrayfk; fhj;jhd;Fb fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


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kyh; ntspaPl;Lf; FO jiytu;:-

[dhg; SH.K]k;kpy; (gpuNjr nrayhsu;)

cWg;gpdu;fs;:- nksytp;:-MIM.g]pu; kjdp (fyhrhu - mgptpUj;jp cjtpahsu;) [dhg;.MH.[htpj; (fyhrhu cj;jpNahfj;ju;)

MM.ghtyu; rhe;jp KifjPd; [dhgh. ghj;jpkh Kfk;kl; my;`h[;. TL. [/gu;fhd; [dhgh. SJM.[yhy;jPd; [dhg;. MMM.k`;éy; [dhg;.MTM.êD]; m~;n~a;f;. MIM. KdPu; (eoPkp) [dhg;. AGM. g`;kp [dhg;. MTM. m];kp jh[{jPd; [dhg;.S.m`;kj; n[];yhd; jpU.DMJ.rpwptu;jd [dhg;.MTM.êD]; my;`h[;.MSM.Ehu;jPd; nkstp.SMM.K];jgh (gyh`p) my;`h[;.KL.fku;jPd; [dhg;.MIM.K];jgh

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nfsut nghUshjhu mgptpUj;jp gpujpaikr;ru; my;`h[; MLAM. `p];Gy;yh MA, MP mtHfshy; toq;fg;gl;l Mrpr; nra;jp ,yq; i fj; j pUehl; b y; E}W tP j k; K]; y pk; kf; f is cs; s lf; f pa ngUikf; F upa fhj; j hd; F b gpuNjr nrayfj;jpd; fyhrhu tpohtpid Kd;dplL ; ntspaplg;gLk; “]k; ]k;” kyUf;F Mrprn ; ra;jp toq;FtijaplL ; kfpor ; r ; p milfpd;Nwd;. gy;ypd kf;fs; gpize;J thOk; vkJ ehl;by; xt;nthU ,dj;jpdJk; fyhrhu jdpj;Jtk; Ngzpg;ghJfhj;J tsHf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;w Nehf;fpNyNa xt;nthU gpuNjr nrayf uPjpahf fyhrhu Nguit cUthf;fg;gl;L tUlhe;jk; xU fyhrhu tpoh elhj;jg;gl;L tUfpd;wJ. fyhrhuk; vd;gJ xt;nthU gpuNjrj;jpw;Fk; NtWgl;l uridAld; mt; t g; g puNjr thridapid nfhz; l jhf fhzg; g Lfpd; w J. xU r%fj;jpd; tuyhW mwpag;gLtJk;> mstplg;gLtJk; mr;rKfk; tho;e;j fhyj;jpy; mtHfshy; ifahsg;gl;l fiy mk;rq;fisAk;> mtHfsJ fyhrhu gz;ghl;L tpOkpaq;fisAk; nfhz;Nl MFk;. ,e;j tifapy; ,yq;if K];ypk; kf;fsJ gy E}w;whz;L ghuk;gupa G+HtPf tuyhw;Wj; jlaq;fs; Nrfupf;fgLtJk; ghJfhf;fg;gLtJld; mtHfsJ fiy mk;rq;fSk; Mtzg;gLj;jg;gLtJk; jw;Nghija #o;epiyapy; fhyj;jpd; NjitahFk;. ,jd; mbg; g ilapy; vd; d hy; Kd; i tf; f g; g l; l MNyhridg; g b ,yq;if K];ypk;fspd; njhz;ik> ghuhk;gupak;> tuyhw;Wj;jlaq;fs; Nghd;wtw;iw cs;slf;fpa fyhrhu fz;fhl;rpnahd;W fle;j 2013k; Mz;by; fhj;jhd;Fb gpuNjr nrayhsH [dhg; SH. K]k;kpy; mtHfsJ jiyikapy; kpfj;jpwikahf ele;NewpaJ. K];ypk;fspd; cyf> ,yq;if tuyhw;iw jpUk;gpg;ghHf;f nra;j mf;fz;fhl;rpf;fhf cioj;j gpuNjr nrayhsUf;Fk; Vida cj;jpNahfj;jHfSf;Fk; ghuhl;Lf;fis njuptpj;Jf; nfhs;fpNwd;. NkYk; fhj;jhd;Fb gpuNjrj;jpNy KO ,yq;if K];ypk;fSf;Fkhd fyhrhu E}jdrhiy xd;iw mikg;gjw;fhf ehd; vLj;j Kaw;rpapd; gadhf fiy tbtq;fSldhd fl;blk; jw;NghJ mikf;fg;gl;L tUfpdw ; J. tpiutpy; rfy ,d kf;fSk; fz;LfspfF ; k; xU E}jdrhiy fhj;jhd;Fbapy; jpwe;J itf;fg;glTs;sJ. “]k; ]k;” vd;w ,];yhkpa Guhjd tuyhw;Wr; nrhw;gjj;Jld; tUlhe;jk; ntspaplg;gLk; ,k;kyH %ykhf vkJ gpuNjr kf;fspd; fiy> fyhrhu> gz;ghl;L Mf;fq;fs; thapyhf tsUk; fiyQHfs; Cf;fg;gLj;jg;gLtJld; thOk; fiyQHfs; nfsutpf;fg;gLfpd;wdH. tuyhw;Wj;jlaq;fspy; xd;whf ,];yhkpa fiy ,yf;fpa tsHr;rpf;F ]k; ]k; fsk; mikf;f Ntz;Lnkd tho;j;jp tpilngWfpd;Nwd;. my;`h[; MLAM. `p];Gy;yh`; MA, MP nfsut nghUshjhu mgptpUj;jp gpujpaikr;ru; fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


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my;`h[; rpg;yp ghWf; (nghwpapayhsu;) nfsut fpof;F khfhz rig cWg;gpdu; mtu;fspd; tho;j;Jr; nra;jp

fhj; j hd; F b gpuNjr nrayfj; j pdhy; elhj;jg;gLfpd;w gpuNjr fyhrhu rhfpj;jpa tpohit Kd;dpl;L ntspaplg;gLk; “]k; ] k;” kyUf;F tho;j;Jr; nra;jp toq;Ftjpy; kfpo;r;rpailfpd;Nwd;. ,d;iwa ,isQu;fs;> Atjpfs; etPd njhlu;ghly; rhjdq;fspy; mjpf <LghLfhl; L fpd; w fhuzj; j hy; fiy ,yf; f pa tplaq;fspy; Mu;tk; fhl;LtJ Fiwe;J tUfpd;wJ. vkJ %jhijau; f spd; fiy ,yf; f pak; tP u j; i jAk; MNuhf;fpakhd tho;itAk; fw;Wj;jUfpd;wd. ,t;thwhd kiwe;j fiy ,yf;fpaj;jpw;F Gj;Japu;aspg;gJ fhyj;jpd; NjitahFk; ,e;j tifapy; gpuNjr fiy ,yf;fpa tpoh kiwe;j fiy ,yf;fpaj;ij ntspf;Fdu;tjw;fhd re;ju;g;gkhFk; ,t;tpohtpy; nfsutpf;fg;gLk; fiyQu;fis tho;j;JtNjhL fiy ,yf;fpa Nghl;bapy; ntw;wp ngw;W guprpy;fs; ngWk; khzt>khztpfisAk; tho;j;Jfpd;Nwd;. ,t; T au; gzpf; f hf cioj; j midtUf; F k; kdkhu; e ; j ed;wpfisAk; njuptpj;Jf; nfhs;fpNwd;. my;`h[; rpg;yp ghWf; (nghwpapayhsu;) nfsut fpof;F khfhz rig cWg;gpdu;

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murhq;f mjpgupd; Mrpr; nra;jp kl;lf;fsg;G khtl;lj;jpy; fhj;jhd;Fbg; gpuNjr nrayfk; fyhrhu tpohtpid Kd;dpl;L ntspaplg;gLk; ]k; ]k; kyUf;F tho;jJ ; r; nra;jpapid toq;Ftijapl;L kpfTk; kfpo;rpailfpd;Nwd;. xt;nthU ,dj;jpw;Fk; jdpj;Jtkhd fiy fyhr;rhug; gz;ghL ,Ug;gJ Nghd;W K];ypk;fSf;Fk; jdpj;Jtkhd fiy fyhr;rhuq;fs; ,Ug;gJk; mtu;fsJ fyhrhu ghuk;ghupa tpOk;gpaq;fis gpd;gw;WtJk; toikahFk;

me;jtifapy; ,g;gpuNjrj;jpd; fiyQu;fs;> rhd;Nwhu;fs;> KjpNahu;fs;> gyJiw tpw;gd;du;fs; Mfpa gyjug;gl;l r%fj;jpdiuAk; jiyepkpu juzpapy; Gfo; g+f;f fsk; mikj;jpLk; ,t; fyhrhu tpoh kyuhf ] k; ]k; kf;fs; kdjpy; ,lk; gpbj;Js;sJ vd;gJ kWf;f Kbahj cz;ikahFk;.

vdNt jdpj;Jtkhd fiy ,yf;fpa ghuk;gupa gz;ghl;L mk;rq;fs; jhq;fptUk; ]k; ]k; kyu; kf;fspd; kdjpy; ntw;wpr+l Cf;fkspj;j gpuNjr nrayhsUf;Fk; ,jw;Fk; Kd;dpd;W cioj;j Mf;ff;FO kw;Wk; tpohf; FotpdUf;Fk; vdJ ,jak; fdpe;j ey;tho;j;Jf;fsj; njuptpj;Jf; nfhs;tjpy; kfpo;rpailfpd;Nwd;.

-ed;wp-

jpUkjp.gp.v];.vk;.rhu;s;];> murhq;f mjpgUk; >khtl;l nrayhsUk;> kl;lf;fsg;G khtl;lk;.

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cjtp gpuNjr nrayhsuplkpUe;J... gp];kpy;yh`pu;u`;khdpu;u`Pk;.

fhj;jhd;Fb gpuNjr nrayf fyhrhug; Nguitapdhy; tUle;NjhWk; ntspaplg;gLfpd;w fyhrhu ntspaPlhd “]k; ]k;” kyUf;F vdJ Mrpia njuptpg;gjpy; kfpo;r;rpailfpd;Nwd;. xt;nthU r%fj;jpw;Fk; jdpj;Jtkhd fyhrhuq;fs; fhzg;gLk;. mJNt mr;r%fj;jpidj; jdpjJ ; tg;gLj;Jk; mk;rq;fspy; gpujhdkhf kpspu;fpd;wJ. vdNtjhd; mf;fyhrhuq;fis ghJfhj;J Cf;Ftpj;J mtw;wpid Mtzg;gLj;Jk; Xu; Vw;ghlhf ,f;fyhrhu kyuhd “]k;]k;” kyu; jpfo;fpwJ. Vnddpy; xU r%fj;jpd; ,Ug;Gf;Fr; rhd;whf ,Ug;gJ mr;r%fj;jpd; tuyhWjhd;. me;j tifapy; fhj;jhd;Fb gpuNjrj;jpd; fyhrhuj;ij Mtzg;gL;jJ ; fpd;w ,k;kyu; fyhrhuj;jpD}lhf tuyhw;iw vjpu;fhy re;jjpapdUf;F toq;Fk; Xu; VlhfTk; mikAk; vd;gjpy; Iakpy;iy. ,k;kyu; ntspapLtjw;F JizGupe;j fyhrhu cj;jpNahfj;ju;fs>; fyhrhu Nguit> gpuNjr nrayf cj;jpNahfj;ju;fs; kw;Wk; Mf;fq;fisj;je;j fiyu;fSf;Fk; vdJ ed;wpiaj; njuptpj;Jf; nfhs;fpd;Nwd;.

AC. mfkl; mg;fH cjtpg; gpuNjr nrayhsH fhj;jhd;Fb.

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MrpNahiy fiy tsu;jj ; fhj;jhd;Fbapd; muR nrayfj;jpd; fiy ,joha; ]k; ]k; tUtijapl;L tho;j;Jfpd;Nwd;;. fiy fiyf;fhfth? kfpo;r;rpf;fhfth? MoFf;fhfth? vd;Dk; jj;Jt tprhuizfSf;F mg;ghy; tho;tpaiy gjpT nra;fpwJ vDk; gjpT gutyhf ,Uf;fpwJ. jkpo; vq;fs; nkhop ,];yhk; vq;fs; top vd;gjdhYk; Mq;fpNya fhyzpapd; fl;lha kjkhw;w fhuzq;fhshYk; vk; vOJ epiyf;fy;tp gpd; jq;fpaJ. ,t;ntw;wplj;jpid epiyTWj;jp muG ypgpay; jkpo; nkhopf;F mzpNfhu;jJ ; muG jkpo; mtjhuk; vLj;jJ . ,t;thrpNahiy Clhf jkJ kz;zpy; muGj; jkpo; fpue;jq;fs; Mtzg;gLj;jg;gl Ntz;Lk; vDk; vdJ Ntzthit ,t; Xiyapd; Clhf nrhy;ypf; nfhs;s tpUk;Gfpd;Nwd;. vd;id `h[u; mtu; fs; ike; j d; ,]; khapypd; fhyb nghq; f pa ePu;f;Nfzpf;F $wpa ,t; ]k; ]k; thu;j;ij ,e;EhypYk; fhynkhy;yhk; ,yf;fpa Cw;wha; kyu vd; csj;jlhfj;jpy; Kfpo;jj ; mrpj;jhkiufisj; jUtjpy; Mde;jk; milfpNwd;.

ed;wp. MIM.Rigu; JP jiytu;. gs;spthay; K];ypk; fhj;jhd;Fb

epWtdq;fspd; rk;kNsdk;>

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kl;lf;fsg;G khtl;l [k;,a;aJy; cykh kw;Wk; [k;,a;aJy; cykhtpd; nfsutj;jiytUk; > fhj;jhd;Fb fhop ePjpgjpAkhd nksytp my;`h[; S.M. mypahu; (gyh`p) JP mtu;fspd; Mrpr;nra;jp.

m];]yhK miyf;Fk; tw`;kJy;yhfp tgwfhJ`P ekJ gpuNjrj;jpd; rfu epu;thfg; gzpfisAk; nrk;ikahf rpuNkw;nfhz;L nra;J tUfpd;w gpuNjr nrayhsUk; nrayf cj;jpNahfj;ju;fSk; jq;fsJ NritfSf;F kj;jpapy; myf;fpa gzpfisAk; mjNdhL ,ize;j tplaq; f Sk; rQ; r pifahf ntspnfhzUtnjd; g J tuNtw;fj;jf;fJk;> guhl;lj;jf;fJkhFk;. mur cj;jpNahfj;jpd; gzpGupe;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;w muRj;Jiw mYtyu;fs; rjh fhyKk; jhq;fs; gzpapidg;gw;wpAk;> jkJ md;whl epfo;Tfs; gw;wpANk rpe;jpj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; ,f;fhyj;jpy; > jq;fsJ Ntiyg;gSf;fSf;f kj;jpapy; > vOj;Jf Jiwapy; jkJ rpe;jidfisAk; vz;zq;fiyAk; fl;Liufshf> ftpijfshf >rpWfijfshf Ma;TfSf;fhd ge;jpfshf ]k; ]k; rQ;rpifapy; gjpg;gJ muRj;jiw mYtyu;fs; vOj; Jiwapy; nfhz;Ls;s mthtpd; nthspg;ghlhfNt vk;khy; fhzKbfpd;wJ. ekJ gpuNjrj;jpd; fiy fyhrhuj;ij gpujpgypf;Fk; tifapy; fhyj;jpd; Njit fUjp ,t; t hwhd rQ; r piffs; ntspaplg; g ltJ Fwpj; J kfpo;r;rpailtJld;> ,jw;F Mrpr; nra;jp toq;ff;fpilj;jikiag; ghf;fpakhff; fUJfpd;Nwd;. NkYk; ,g;gpuNjr nrayfk; khtl;lj;jpy; Kjyplk; ngw;W nkd;NkYk; rpwe; N jhq; f vy; y hk; ty; y my; y h`; mUs; G upa Ntz; L nkd; W k gpuhj;jpf;fpd;N;wd;. nksytp my;`h[; S.M.mypahu; (gyh`p) jiytu;> kl;lf;fsg;G khtl;l kw;Wk; fhj;jhd;Fb [k;,a;aJy; cykh

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fhj;jhd;Fb efurig Kjy;th; my;`h[;. SH. Kfk;kJ m];gh; J.P mth;fspd; Mrpr; nra;jp fhj;jhd;Fb gpuNjr nrayfj;jpdhy; tUle;NjhWk; rpwg;gpj;J elhj;jg;gLk; gpuNjr fyhrhu tpohit Kd;dplL ; ntspaplg;gLk; “ ]k;]k; “ fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyupy; vdJ MrpAiu gjpaf;fpilj;jijapl;L ngUkfpo;tilfpNwd;. epfo;Tfis epidTfshf NgZtjw;Fk; vjph;fhyj;jpw;fhd gjpTfshf Mtzg;gLj;jYf;Fk; ,t;thwhd E}YU Kaw;rpfs; jhd; KOikahd gadspf;fpd;wd. me;j tifapy; vkJ gpuNjr fyhrhu ghuk;gupa mk;rq;fis jhq;fp ,e;E}y; ntsptUtJ ,ul;bg;G kfpo;it jUfpwJ. ,yq;ifapy; K];ypkf ; s; mlh;jj ; pahf tho;fpdw ; gpuNjrkhf fhj;jkh efh; fhzg;gLtNjhL> njd;fpof;fhrpahtpNyNa rdj;njhif nrupe;jpUf;Fk; efukhfTk; ,g;gpuNjrk; jpfo;tJ xU rpwg;gk;rkhFk;. me;j tifapy; vkJ fyhrhu ghuk;ghpaq;fs; E}w;whz;Lfis fle;jit vd;W $wpdhy; kpifahfhJ. NkYk; 2014k; Mz;bd; fhj;jhd;Fb gpuNjr nrayf fyhrhu tpohit Kd;dpl;L elhj;jg;gl;l ghlrhiy kw;Wk; jpwe;j ,yf;fpag; Nghl;bfspy; gq;F gw;wp ntw;wpaPl;ba khzt khztpfSf;Fk;> vOj;jhsu;fSf;Fk; vdJ kdkhu; e ; j ghuhl; L f; f isAk; tho; j ; J f; f isAk; $wpf; nfhs;tNjhL…> vkJ Kd;Ndhu;fs; %jhijah;fspd; ehshe;j eilKiwfs; ,d;W etPd eilKiwfshf khwpgN ; ghdhYk; epidTfshfg; Ngzp tuyhw;wpy; rhd;W gfh;tjw;F ,t;thwhd VLfspy; gjpT nra;tJ fhyj;jpd; NjitahFk;. ,g;gzpff ; hf cioj;j midj;J cs;sq;fSf;Fk; ,r;re;jh;gg ; j;jpy; vdJ kdkhu;e;j ghuhl;Lf;fis njhptpj;Jf; nfhs;tNjhL> 2014k; Mz;bd; fhj;jhd;Fb gpuNjr nrayf fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;ghf ele;NjWtjw;Fk; ,iwaUs; Ntz;b gpuhh;j;jpj;Jf; nfhs;fpd;Nwd;.

SH. K`k;kJ m];gu; efuKjy;tu; efurig> fhj;jhd;Fb.

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KfTiu fhj;jhd;Fb gpuNjr nrayf fyhrhug;Nguit tUlhe;jk; elhj; J k; gpuNjr fyhrhu tpohtpd; NghJ ntspapl; L itf; f g; g Lk; “]k;]k;” rpwg;G kyupid cq;fs; Kd; rku;g;gpg;gjpy; kfpo;r;rpailfpNwd;. ,yq;if rpwpa ehlf ,Ue;jhYk; xt;nthU fpuhkKk; khWgl;l nkhop eil >cil gof;f tof;fq;fs;> rkaf; fpupiafs; jpUkz rlq;Ffs; Nghd;w ,d;Ndhud;d tplaq;fspy; NtWgl;bUg;gij Ma;T nra;Ak; NghJ mtjhdpf;f KbfpwJ. jkpo; nkhop xd;Wjhd; Mdhy; mJ kf;fshy; Ngrg;gLk; tpjk; CUf;F Cu; tpj;jpahrkile;J fhzg;gLfpwJ. .,j;jifa tpj;jpahr uridfshy; ngwg;gl;l fiy>fyhrhuq;fs; mj;jidAk; mt;tg; gpuNjr kf;fshy; ghJfhj;J vjpu;fhy re;jjpapdUf;F ifaspf;f Ntz;baJ tho;Nthupd; tho;Tf; fldhFk;. ,f;Fwpf;NfhSld; kl;Lky;yhJ Gjpa etPd fhyj;jpw;Nfw;g Gjpa fiytbtq;fSk; gupzhkk; ngw Ntz;Lk; vd;gjw;fhfNt muR ehL g+uhfTk; cs;s gpuNjr nrayfq;fspDhlhf fyhrhu Nguitfis cUthf;fp tUlhe;jk; gpuNjr fyhrhu tpohtpid elhj;jp tUfpd;wJ.mt;tpohtpd; ntspg;ghLfshf fiy ,yf;fpag; Nghl;bfs; kw;Wk; gpuNjrj;jpd; fiyQu;fis nfsutpj;jy; vd;gtw;Wld; rpwg;G kyu; xd;Wk; ntspaplg;gLfpwJ. ,t;tifapy; fhj;jhd;Fb gpuNjrj;jpy; tho;eJ ; tUk; fiyQu;fspd; Mf;fq;fisAk; gpuNjrj;jpd; ghuk;gupa fyhrhu rpwg;gk;rq;fisAk; giwrhw;Wtjw;F “]k;] k;” rpwe;j fskhf mikAk;. vkJ ghuk;gupak; fyhrhu KJrq;fs; gpuNjr fiyQu;fspdJk; mwpKfk; fiyQu;fspd; Mf;fq;fs; Nghd;w ,d;Ndhud;d mk;rq;fisj; jhq;fp tUk; ,r;rpwg;G kyu; vkJ gpuNjrj;jpd; ngUikia ntspAyFf;Ff; nfhz;L nry;Yk; xU Kaw;rp vd;gjpy; Iakpy;iy. ,g; gzpia Kd;ndLj;Jr; nry;tjw;F vdf;F cWJizahf epd;w mYtyf cj;jpNahfj;ju;fs; kw;Wk; fyhrhug;Nguit cWg;gpdu;fs; ,r;rpwg;G kyu; ntspaPl;by; <Lgl;l fyhrhu cj;jpNahfj;ju;fs; Mfpa xt;nthUtUf;Fk; ed;wp $w flikg;gl;Ls;Nsd;.

v];.vr; K]k;kpy; gpuNjr nrayhsUk; fyhrhug; Nguit jiytUk;.

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fyhrhu cj;jpNahfj;jhplkpUe;J…. “gp];kpy;yh`pu;u`;khdpu;u`Pk”;

fhj;jhd;Fb gpuNjr nrayf fyhrhug; Nguit tUlhe;jk; elhj;jptUk; gpuNjr fiy ,yf;fpa tpohtpd;NghJ ntspaplg;gLk; ehd;fhtJ”]k;]k;”rpwg;G kyhpid cq;fs;Kd; rku;g;gpg;gjpy; kfpo;r;rpailfpd;Nwd;! “my;`k;Jypy;yh`;” jkf;nfd jdpj;Jtk; fhj;J tho;e;J tUk; fhj;jhd;Fbg; gpuNjr kf;fspd; fiy>fyhrhu ,yf;fpag; ghuk;gupaq;fisf; fhj;J vjph;fhy re;jjpapdUf;F ifaspf; F k; nghWg; g pid”]k; ] k; ”rpwg; G kyh; fhj; j pukhf epiwNtw; w p tUtJahtUk; mwpe;jNj ,r; rpwg;G kyh; ntspaPlb ; y; kpFe;j mh;gg ; zpg;Gld; fhj;jpukhd MNyhridfisAk; topfhl; l y; f isAk; toq; f pa vkJ kjpg; g pw; F wpa gpuNjr nrayhsUk; fyhrhug;Nguitj; jiytUkhd [dhg;.v];.vr;.K]k;kpy; mth;fSf;F gzpTld; ed;wpapidj; njhptpj;Jf; nfhs;fpd;Nwd;. NkYk; tho;j;Jr; nra;jpfis toq;fpa gpuKfh;fSf;Fk; Mf;fq;fis toq;fpa fiyQ; Q u; f Sf; F k; > fyhrhug; N guit cWg; g pdh; f Sf; F k; tpidj; j pwdhf nraw; g l; l kyh; FOtpdUf; F k; xj; J iog; G ey; f pa gpuNjr nrayf cj;jpNahfj;jh;fSf;Fk; gpuNjr fiy ,yf;fpa tpohitnahl;b elhj;jg;gl;l Nghl;bfspy; gq;F nfhz;l ghlrhiy kl;l kw;Wk; jpwe;jkl;lg; Nghl;bahsh;fSf;Fk; eLth; f shff; flikGhpe; N jhUf; F k; vdJ ,jak; epiwe; j ed; w papid ,r;re;jh;g;gj;jpy; njuptpj;Jf; nfhs;fpd;Nwd; “]k;]k;”rpwg;Gkyhpd; Ie;jhtJ ntspaPLk; rpwg;ghf mika Ntz;Lk; vd ty;y my;yh`;itg; gpuhu;j;jpj;jtdhf tpilngWfpd;Nwd;

[dhg;.vk;.vr;.[htPj; fyhrhu cj;jpNahfj;jUk; fyhrhug;Nguitr; nrayhsUk;> gpuNjr nrayfk; fhj;jhd;Fb

fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


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fyhrhu mgptpUj;jp cjtpahsuplkpUe;J………. fhj;jhd;Fb gpuNjr nrayf 2014 Mk; Mz;bw;fhd gpuNjr fyhrhu rhfpj; j pa tpohitnahl; b “] k; ] k; ” rpwg; G kyu; ntsptUtijapl; L kpfTk; kfpo;r;rpailfpd;Nwd;. fhj;jhd;Fb gy;NtW rpwg;Gf;fisf;nfhz;l gpuNjrk;. etPd cyfpd; fyhrhu jhf;fj;jpw;F kj;jpYk; K];ypk;fSf;F cupj;jhd fyhrhuk;> gz;ghL> tpOkpaq;fSf;F Clhf ,t;T+u; cykhf;fs; r%f jiytu;fspd; topfhl;lypdhy; newpg;gLj;jg;gl;L jq;fsJ ,Ug;ig cWjpg;gLj;jp tho;tJ ,t;T+upd; rpwg;gk;rq;fspy; xd;whFk;. jkpo; nkhopapYk; mwGnkhopapYk; Gfo;ngw;W gy ,yf;fpag; gilg;Gfis toq;fpatu;fs; ,t;T+upy; tho;eJ ; s;sdu; vd;gJ ,t;T+u; tuyhw;wpypUe;J njupa KbfpwJ. ,it Ngd;w ,yf;fpa gilg;Gfis toq;f ty;ytu;fs; vkf;F kj;jpapy; ,iykiw fha;fshf jq;fsJ ,yf;fpa gzpapid nra;JtUfpd;wdu;. Mz;LNjhWk; ,yf;fpa tpohf;fs; elhj;jg;gLtjd; %yk; mtufsJ Mw;wy;fs; ntspf;nfhdug;glfpd;wd. me;jtifapy; ,t;tUlk; fyhrhu rhfpj;jpa tpohthdJ ,g;gpuNjrj;jpy; fiy> ,yf; f paj; J iwapy; mjpf <Lghl; L ld; nraw; g l; N lhiuf; nfsutpj;jy; > gpuNjr kl;l fiy ,yf;fpag; Nghl;bapy; ntw;wpngw;w khzt khztpfSf; F fyhrhu mYty; f s; jpizf; f sj; j pd; rhd;wpjo;fSk; guprpy;fSk; toq;fp Cf;fkspj;jy;> fyhrhu fz;fhl;rp 2013 ,d; ,Wntl;L ntspaply; vDk; tifapy; jpl;lkplg;gl;Ls;sJ. fyhrhu rhfpj;jpa tpoh rpwg;ghf epiwNtw Cf;fkspj;J xj;Jisj;j gpuNjr nrayhsu; cjtp gpuNjr nrayhsu; fzf;fhsu; epUthf cj;jpNahfj;ju;fs; gpuNjr nrayf cj;jpNahfj;ju;fs; fyhrhug; Nguit cWg;gpdu;fs; mDruid toq;fpa rKu;j;jp rq;fq;fs; midtUf;Fk; vdJ kdkhu;e;j ed;wpfis njuptpj;Jf;nfhs;fpNwd;. m\;n\a;f; M.I.M. grPu; kjdp fyhrhu mgptpUj;jp cjtpahsu; gpuNjr nrayfk; fhj;jhd;Fb fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


]k; ]k;

14

cs;Ns EioAKd;… fiy fyhrhu mgptpUj;jpapy; fhj;jhd;Fb fyhrhu kj;jpa epiyaj;jpd; gq;fspg;Gk; K];ypk;fspd; fiy fyhrhu Jiw ghJfhf;fg;gl Ntz;bajd; mtrpaKk; ,yq;if K];ypk;fspd; njhd;ik> tuyhW gw;wpa fyhrhuf; fz;fhl;rp-2013 njhlu;ghd gp;d;D}l;ly; cyf K];ypk;fspd; 1001 fz;Lgpbg;Gf;fs; tho;j;Jf; ftpij (fyhrhuf; fz;fhl;rp) jz;zph;ntb (fl;Liu) vdf;nfhU jha; Ntz;Lk; fyhrhuKk; mjw;$lhd ew;gz;Gs;s Gjpa rKjhaKk;

fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


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15

fiy fyhrhu mgptpUj;jpapy; fhj;jhd;Fb fyhrhu kj;jpa epiyaj;jpd; gq;fspg;Gk; K];ypk;fspd; fiy fyhrhu Jiw ghJfhf;fg;gl Ntz;bajd; mtrpaKk; fyhrhu kw;Wk; fiy mYty;fs; mikr;rpdhy; ehlshtpa hPjpapy; gpuNjr nrayf hPjpahf fyhrhu kj;jpa epiyaq;fs; cUthf;fg;gl;L nraw;gl;L tUfpd;wJ. gpuNjrj;jpd; fiy fyhrhu tpOkpaq;fis ntspf;nfhzHjy;> mgptpUj;jp nra;jy;> kiwe;J Nghd fiy fyhrhu ghuk;ghpa tpOkpaq;fis kPs; cap&l;ly;> ghJfhj;jy;> mjD}lhf ey;nyhOf;fKs;s> ew;gz;Gs;s rKjhaj;ij fl;bnaOg;gp ,e;j ehl;by; fyhrhu tpOkpaq;fisf; nfhz;l ew;gpui[fis cUthf;Fk; Nehf;fpy; fyhrhu epiyaq;fs; jdJ nraw;ghLfis Nkw;nfhz;L tUfpd;wd. fyhrhu kj;jpa epiyaq;fspd; gpujhd nraw;ghlhf> mikr;rpd; mwpTWj;jYf;F mika jpwd; mgptpUj;jp epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lj;jpd; fPo; eldk;> rq;fPjk;> thj;jpak; thrpj;jy;> rpj;jpuKk; XtpaKk; tiujy;> rpw;gk; nrJf;Fjy;> Nkil ehlfKk; muq;fpaYk;> ifg;gzp Ntiyfs;> rpq;fs nkhop> Mq;fpy nkhop> jkpo;nkhop> cly; cs mgptpUj;jp> ghuk;ghpa jw;fhg;Gf;fiy> topfhl;lYk; MNyhrid $wYk; Nghd;w Jiwfspy; gapw;rp newpfs; elhj;jg;gl;L tUtJld; tpNrl fiy fyhrhu epfo;rr ; pfs; elhj;Jjy;> fyhrhu kz;lgk; thliff;F toq;fy;> E}yf nraw;ghLfs; Nghd;w gy;NtW NritfSk; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLfpd;wd. fhj;jhd;Fbapd; gy ghuk;ghpa fiy fyhrhu tpOkpaq;fs;> epfo;Tfs; ,d;W kiwe;J NghFk;> mope;J NghFk; epiyapy; ,Uf;fpd;wNghJk; fyhrhu kj;jpa epiyak; ,g;gpuNjrj;jpd; fiy fyhrhu Jiwfspd; tsHr;rpf;fhf Nritahw;wptUfpd;wJ. K];ypk;fis jdpj;Jtkhff; nfhz;l ,g;gpuNjrj;jpd; fl;Lg;ghLfSf;Fk; ,];yhk; khHf;fj;jpd; tuk;Gfis kPwhjtifapYk; fyhrhu epiyak; jdJ nraw;ghLfis Kd;ndLj;Jr; nry;yNtz;ba Njit ,q;F fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. ,e;j tifapy; tUlhe;jk; mikr;rpdhy; toq;fg;gLk; mwpTWj;jy;fSf;F mikthf> 01. K];ypk;fspd; ghuk;ghpa fspfk;G / Nfhyhl;lk; ghlnewp 02. jfuh thrpj;jy; ghlnewp 03. rpj;jpuk; tiujy; ghlnewp 04. ehlfKk; muq;fpaYk; ghlnewp 05. fpuhkpa rq;fPj ghlnewp 06. rpq;fs nkhop ghlnewp 07. Mq;fpy nkhop ghlnewp 08. topfhl;lYk; MNyhrid $wYk; ghlnewp 09. rPdb rpyk;gb ghlnewp 10. ifg;gzp Ntiyfs; ghlnewp vd gy;NtW Jiwfspy; gapw;rp newpfs; elhj;jg;gl;L tUfpd;wd. ,g;gapw;rp newpfspy; gq;Fgw;wp G+Hj;jp nra;Ak; gapw;rpahsHfSf;F fyhrhu kw;Wk; fiy mYty;fs; mikr;rpdhy; ngWkjp kpf;f rhd;wpjo;fs; toq;fpitf;fg; gLfpd;wJ. khztHfspd; gy;fiyf;fof> fy;tpay; fy;Y}hp kw;Wk; Vida fy;tp eltbf;iffspy;> Ntiytha;g;G Nghd;w NeHKfg; ghPl;irfspd; NghJ ,r;rhd;wpjo;fs; Gs;spfis ngw;Wf; nfhLg;gjpy; nghpJk; cjTfpd;wd.

fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


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16

fyhrhu kw;Wk; fiy mYty;fs; mikr;rpdhy; tUlhe;jk; Njrpa rq;fPj> eld Nghl;bfs; (gpujPgh) elhj;jg;gl;L ntw;wp ngWgtHfSf;F rhd;wpjo;fSk; Nflaq;fSk; toq;fpitf;fg;gLfpd;wd. 2014k; Mz;bw;F elhj;jg;gl;l khfhz kl;l gpujPgh Nghl;bapy; fhj;jhd;Fb fyhrhu kj;jpa epiyak; fpuhkpa ghly; rpNu\;l gphpTf;fhd Nghl;bapy; Kjyhk; ,lj;jpidAk; fpuhkpa ghly; fdp\;l gphpTf;fhd Nghl;bapy; ,uz;lhk; ,lj;jpidAk;> ehl;bd; kWkyHr;rp vDk; jiyg;gpyhd eldj;jpy; ,uz;lhk; ,lj;jpidAk;> Nfhyhl;lk; kw;Wk; wghd; eldj;jpy; ,uz;lhk; ,lj;jpidAk; ngw;Wf; nfhz;lJld; Njrpa kl;l Nghl;bapy; fpuhkpa ghly; rpNu\;l gphptpy; ,uz;lhk; ,lj;jpidAk; ngw;Wf; nfhz;lJ. ,jD}lhf khztHfs; ngw;Wf; nfhz;l khfhzkl;l> Njrpa kl;l rhd;wpjo;fs; khztHfspd; fy;tp eltbf;iffSf;Fk;> Ntiytha;g;GfSf;Fk; cjTtjhf cs;sJ. fyhrhu epiyaj;jpdhy; K];ypk;fspd; fiy fyhrhu ghuk;ghpaq;fis gpujpgypf;Fk; tifapy; Nfhyhl;lk; / fspfk;G FOf;fs;> jfuh FOf;fs; kw;Wk; Nkil epfo;r;rpfs; ,ytrkhfTk; fl;lzk; mwtplg;gl;Lk; toq;fg;gl;L tUtJld; gy;NtW fiy epfo;r;rpfSf;fhd jfuh Nghd;w ,irf;fUtpfs;> fyhrhu cilfs; vd;gdTk; Nritabg;gilapy; toq;fg;gl;L tUfpd;wJ. NkYk;; fhj;jhd;Fb fyhrhu kj;jpa epiyaj;jpdhy; tUlhe;jk;> 01. Rje;jpu jpdk; 02. kfspH jpdk; 03. Gifj;jy; vjpHg;G jpdk; 04. ,g;jhH epfo;Tfs; 05. ngUehs; tpohf;fs; 06. ,];yhkpa GJtUl (K`Huk;) tpoh 07. fUj;juq;Ffs; 08. gapw;rpg;gl;liwfs; 09. rpukjhd epfo;Tfs; 10. fyhrhu Rw;Wyhf;fs; 11. tpNrl fiy fyhrhu epfo;Tfs; vd gy; N tW tpN\l epfo; r ; r pj; j pl; l q; f s; gpuNjrj; j pd; Njitf; Nfw; g elhj;jg;gl;LtUfpd;wd. Nkw;gb Ntiyj;jpl;lq;fis eilKiwg;gLj;Jfpd;w NghJ vjpHnfhs;Sk; jilfs;> fl;Lg;ghLfs; vkJ eltbf;ifapy; ghjpg;ig Vw;gLj;Jk; #o;epiy fhzg;gLfpwJ. khHf;fuPjpahf Vw;gl;Ls;s njspT> ,d;W K];ypk;fspd; gy;NtW epfo;Tfspy; gpd;gw;wg;gl;L te;j rlq;Ffs;> rk;gpujhaq;fs;> gof;ftof;fq;fs;> fiy fyhrhu Jiwfs; Nghd;wtw;wpy; khw;wq;fis Vw;gLj;jpAs;sd. ,jdhy; K];ypk;fspd; jdpj;Jtj;ij>gpuNjrj;ij milahsg;gLj;Jk; tuyhw;W rhd;Wfs;> fiy fyhrhu ghuk;ghpa epfo;Tfs;> kuGhpikfs; mope;Jnfhz;bUf;Fk; epiy cUthfpAs;sJ. jdpj;Jt r%fk; vd;gJ mr;r%fj;jpd; ,iw ek;gpf;if> tzf;f topghLfs;> czT> cil> gof;ftof;fq;fs;> nkhop> fiy fyhrhu nraw;ghLfs;> FLk;g tho; T > cwTKiw> murpay; > nfhLf; f y; thq; f y; f s; > tpahghuk; Nghd; w gy;NtW tplaq;fspy; jkf;nfd jdpahd gz;Gfis topKiwahff; nfhz;L

fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


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17

fhzg;gLtjhFk;. ,t;topKiwfis FHMDk; egpatHfspd; top KiwAk; ekf;F njspthf topfhl;bAs;sd. vdNt kdpj r%jhaj;ij topNfl;by; nfhz;L nry;Yk; nraw;ghLfis Kw;whf jtpHj;J K];ypk;fspd; jdpj;Jtj;ij milahsg;gLj;Jk;; fiy fyhrhu Jiwfis ,dq;fhz Ntz;baJ fhyj;jpd; mj;jpahtrpa NjitahfTs;sJ. ,d;W ekJ r%fj;jpNy gy;NtW mur kw;Wk; mur rhHgw;w epWtdq;fs; fiy fyhrhu JiwfSf;F msg;nghpa Nritfis nra;J nfhz;bUf;fpwd. ,tHfsJ Nritfs; Nkk;gLj;jg;gl Ntz;Lkhapd; ,tHfSf;fhd ghlj;jpl;lq;fs;> topfhl;ly;fs; MNyhridfs;> gapw;rpfs; Jiw uPjpahf toq;fg;gl Ntz;ba NjitAs;sJ. ghlrhiyfis Nehf;Fk; NghJ gy;NtW fiy fyhrhu Jiwfs; ghlhPjpahf ,izf;fg;gl;bUg;gJ mhpjhfNt cs;sJld; ,j;JiwfNshL rk;ke;jg;gl;l rpj;jpuk;> ehlfKk; muq;fpaYk; Nghd;w ghlq;fs; f.ngh.j rhjhuz ju tFg;Gf;fspy; fw;gpf;fg;gLtJk; Kf;fpaj;Jtk; toq;fg;gLtJk; kpfTk; FiwthfNt cs;sJ. NkYk; caHju tFg;Gf;fspy; ,j;Jiwfs; fw;gpf;fg;gLtJkpy;iy. ,jdhy; ekJ gpuNjrj;jpd; khztHfs; ,yFthd topapy; jkJ gy;fiyf;fofq;fspy;> fy;tpay; fy;Y}hpfspy; fy;tpapid njhlHtjw;fhd tha;g;gpid ,of;Fk; #o;epiyAk; Nghl;bfs; epiwe;j njhopy; tha;gG ; f;fspy; gpd;js;sg;gLk; epiyAk; fhzg;gLfpwJ. vdNt ekJ jdpj;Jtj;ij milahsg;gLj;j fiy fyhrhu Jiwfs; cldbahf ,dk; fhd;gJ ekJ r%ff; fl;lhaf; flikahfTs;sJ. ,jw;nfd r%fNrit epWtdq;fs;> mwGf;fy;Y}hpfs;> ,];yhkpa gpur;rhu mikg;Gf;fs;> gy;fiyf; fofq;fs;> ghlrhiyfs;> fiy fyhrhu epWtdq;fs;> mur Jiw epWtdq;fs;> K]; y pk; murpay; fl; r pfs; > murpay; t hjpfs; > cykhf; f s; > Gj; j p[P t pfs; > fy;tpkhd;fs;> fiyQHfs;> eyd;tpUk;gpfs; Nghd;NwhH xd;WNrHe;J K];ypk;fspd; fiy fyhrhu tpOkpaq;fis Ma;T nra;J milahsg;gLj;jp jdpahd ghlj; jpl;lj;jpidAk; fiy fyhrhu ghuk;ghpa tiuaiwfisAk; cUthf;f Ntz;Lk;. mJgw;wp kf;fsplk; tpopg;GzHitAk; Vw;gLj;j Ntz;Lk;. gy;fiyf; fofq;fs;> ghlrhiyfs;> mwGf;fy;Y}hpfs;> mwnewpg; ghlrhiyfs;> jdpahH fy;tp epWtdq;fs; Nghd;witfspy; fiy fyhrhu Jiwfs; fw;gpf;fg;gLtjd; Clhf K];ypk;fspd; fiy fyhrhu ghuk;ghpaq;fis ntspf;nfhzuf;$bajhf ,Uf;Fk;. ,e;epiyapy; tuyhw;iw milahsg;gLj;Jk; vkJ jdpj;Jtk; $Wk; fiy fyhrhu Jiwfs; ghJfhf;fg;gl;L jdpj;Jtkpf;f fiy fyhrhuk; nfhz;l K];ypk; r%fk; vd;gjid vk;khYk; milahsk; fhl;l KbAk; vd;gjpy; Iakpy;iy. vk;.I.vk;.vk;.k`;G+o; fyhrhu Nkk;ghl;L cj;jpNahfj;jH> nghWg;gjpfhup> fyhrhu kj;jpa epiyak;> fhj;jhd;Fb.

fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


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,yq;if K];ypk;fspd; njhd;ik> tuyhW gw;wpa fyhrhuf; fz;fhl;rp-2013 njhlu;ghd gp;d;D}l;ly; MIM. grPu; kjdp fyhrhu mgptpUj;jp cjtpahsu; ,yq;if K];ypk;fspd; njhd;ik kw;Wk; gz;ila tuyhW> mjw;fhd tuyhw;W jlaq;fs;> Mtzq;fs;> njhy;nghUl;fs; vd;gd Ngzpg;ghJfhf;fg;gl;L njhlUk; re;jjpapdUf;F tplg;ggLtJ ,d;waikahjjhFk;. mj;Jld; K];ypk;fspd; tuyhw;W njhd;ik njhlu;ghd Njly; cs;s Ma;thsu;fSf;Fk; ,t;thwhd tuyhw;W njhd;ik fhg;gf Kidg;G gaDs;sjhf mikAk;. ,t; t ifapy; ,yq; i f K]; y pk; f spd; tuyhw; i wg; ghJfhj; J NgDk; Nehf;fpy; nghUshjhu mgptUj;jp nfsut gpujp mikr;ru; my;`h[; M.L.A.M. `p];Gs;sh`; MA,MP mtu;fshy; fhj;jhd;Fbapy; mUq;fhl;rpafk; xd;iw epWtjw;fhd G+u;thq;f Vw;ghLfs; eilngw;W tUfpd;wd. ,jd; mq;fkhfj;jhd; ,yq;if K];ypk;fspd; njhd;ik> tuyhW gw;wpa fyhrhuf; fz;fhl;rp fle;j 2013 ngg;utup 1k;> 2k;> 3k; jpfjpfspy; kl; / kPuhghypfh tpj;jpahyak; Njrpa ghlrhiyapy; gpuNjr nrayfj;jpd; Vw;ghl;by; nghUshjhu mgptUj;jp nfsut gpujp mikr;ru; my;`h[; M.L.A.M. `p];Gs;sh`; MA,MP mtu;fspd; epjp xJf;fPby; elhj;jg;gl;lJ. %d;W jpdq;fs; eilngw;w ,f;fz;fhl;rpia cs;Su; ntspA+H khzt khztpfSk; nghJkf;fSk; kw;Wk; cs;ehl;L ntspehl;L gpujpepjpfSk; ghu;itapl;L mtu;fsJ fUj;Jfis gjpe;Js;sdu;. gpuNjr nrayhsu; kw;Wk; cj;jpNahfj;ju;fspd; mauhj Kaw;rpapd; gadhf ed;F jpl;lkplg;gl;L ,yq;ifapd; gy ghfq;fSf;Fk; fsg;gazq;fs; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;L gy fye;Jiuahly;fs; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;L tuyhw;W Ma;thusu;fsJ fUj;Jfs; ngwg;gl;L mjw;fhd jpl;l tiuGfs; tiuag;gl;L mjd; mbg;gilapy; ,f;fz;fhl;rp elhj;jg;gl;lJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;f mk;rkhFk;. jpl;l tiuG 01. ,yq; i f K]; y pk; f spd; Muk; g fhy njhlu; i g cWjpg; g Lj; J k; Mtzq;fis Nrfupj;jy; 1. fy;ntl;Lf;fs;

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fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014

tuyhw;W

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6.


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19 2. cs;ehl;L tuj;jfk; kUj;Jtk; 1.A+dhdp

2. gz;ila fhy muru;fs; Mw;wpa kUj;Jt Nrit

fl;blf; fiy 1. gs;sptay;fs; 2. tPl;L mikg;G murpay; 1.Njrpa xw;Wikf;fhd K];ypk;fspd; murpay; gq;fspg;G 2. Rje;juj;jpw;F Kw;gl;l ,yq;ifapd; murpaypy; K];ypk;fspd; gq;fspg;G

tho;tpay; nkhop> muGj; jkpo; gw;wpa Ma;T> fy;tp> ghuk;gupa muG kj;u] hf;fspd; tuyhW> Mil mzpfyd;fs;> kidg; nghUl;fs;> czT gof;ftof;fq;fs;> jpUkzr; rlq;Ffs;

fiyAk; ,yf;fpaKk; nghy;yb> rpyk;gb> ehlfk;> tpy;Yg;ghl;L> ,yf;fpa kuGfs; K];ypk;fs; cyf ehfupfj;jpw;F Mw;wpa gq;fspg;G 1> mwptpay; > kUj;Jtk;> fzpjk;> fz;Lgpbg;Gf;fs;> ehlfhd; gazk;. ,f;fz;fhl;rpf;fhf gpd;tUk; FOf;fs; epakpf;fg;gl;ld 1.Mtzq;fisj; Njly; 2 nghUl;fis fsQ;rpag;gLj;jy; 3 tpsf;fk; vOJjy;> tuyhW $wy; 4 fhl;rpgg ; gLj;Jk; Kiwikiaj; jPuk ; hdpjj ; y;> fiy epfo;r;rpfis XOq;F gLj;Jjy;> xUfpizg;Gf;FO> nghJthd Vw;ghLfs;> nryT tpguk; jahupj;jy; > eyd;Gup > ghu;itahssu;fis xOq;FgLj;Jjy; kz;lg xOq;

Muk;g tpoh fyhrhu fz;fhl;rpapd; Muk;g tpoh 2013. 02.01 nts;spf;fpoik K.g 9.00 kzpf;F kl; kPuhghypfh tpj;jpahyaj;jpy; fyhrhu fz;fhl;rpia mjpjpfs;fs; jpwe;Jitj;J ghu;itapl;ljd; gpd;G mjpjpfs; fiy epfo;TfNshL `p];Gs;sh fyhrhu kz;lgj;jpw;F mioj;J nry;yg;gl;L gpuNjr nrayhsu; [dhg; v];.vr; K]k;kpy; SLAS mtu;fspd; jiyikapy; Muk;g epfo;T rpwg;ghf eilngw;wJ. gpuNjr fiyQu;fspd; fiy epfo;r;rpfSk; NkilNaw;wg;gl;ld.

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20

fyhrhuf; fz;fhl;rp Muk;g epfo;itj; njhlu;e;J fyhrhuf; fz;fhl;rp %d;W jpdq;fs; eilngw;wJ. Rkhu; ,Ughapj;jpw;F Nkw;gl;Nlhu; ,f;fz;fhl;rpia fz;Lfspj;jdu;. mjd; fhl;rpfspy; rpy

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21

cyf K];ypk;fspd; 1001 fz;Lgpbg;Gf;fs; 1001 fz;Lgpbg;Gf;fs; vd;gJ gy tpUJfs; ngw;w mwptpay; kw;Wk; fyhrhu ghuk;gupa rHtNjr mikg;ghFk;. ,t;tikg;ghdJ Golden Age vdg;gLk; ngw;fhyj;jpy; K];ypk;fspd; ehfupfj;jpd; mwptpay; kw;Wk; njhopEl;g tsHr;rpia cyfkag;gLj;Jtjw;fhf jd;id mHg;gzpj;Js;sJ. ,jd; xH mq;fkhf “cyf K];ypk;fspd; 1001 fz;Lgpbg;Gf;fs;” vDk; XH mwptpay; E}y; xd;iw ntspapl;Ls;sJ. ,e;E}ypy; Dark Age vdg;gLk; ,Uz;lfhyj;jpy; cyf ehfupj;jpw;F K];ypk;fspd; gq;fspg;G njhlHghf rpwg;ghf Fwpg;gplg;glLs;sJ. mj;Jld; tPL> ghlrhiy> re;ij> itj;jparhiy> efuk;> cyfk;> gpugQ;rk; vDk; VO cgjiyg;Gf;fs; cs;slf;fg;gl;Ls;sd. ,J njhlHghf fle;j 2013k; Mz;L gpuNjr nrayfj;jpdhy; elhj;jg;gl;l fyhrhu fz;fhl;rpapYk; ,e; j 1001 fz; L gpbg; G f; f s; XH mq; f khf NrHj; J nghJkf; f Sf; F fhl; r pg; g Lj; j g; g l; l Jk; Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ ,t;tupa jfty;fspid vkJ ,isa rKjhaKk; mwpe; J nfhs; t jw; f hfNt ,e; E }ypy; cs; s Kf; f pa Fwpg; G f; f is vkJ gpuNjr nrayf cj;jpNahfj;jHfisf; nfhz;L jkpopy; nkopngaHj;J 01. HOME vkJ (Nkw;fj;Nja) fyhr;rhuj;jpdJk; ehfupfj;jpdJk; tsu;r;rp njhlu;ghf ,];yhkpa cyFf;F ehk; ve;jsTf;F flikg;gl;Ls;Nshk; vd; g J gw; w pa mwpahik Nkw; F yfpy; gutyhff; fhzg;gLfpd;wJ.,];yhj;ij xU me;epa fyhrhukhfTk; ,k;Nkw;Fyfpd; vjpupahfTNk ghu;f;fpd;w ehk;> ,];yhk; vkJ nrhe;j tuyhw;Wld; ve;jsT njhlHGgl;Ls;sJ vd;gij Ntz;Lnkd;Nw vkJ epidTfspypUe;J mopj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;Nwhk;.

PrinceCharles

Nfhg;gp 01 fp.gp. 9k; (`p[;up 3k;) E}w;whz;by; fhypj; vd;w xU ,ilad;> xU tiff; fdpfis cz;l jd; MLfs; RWRWg;giltij mtjhdpj;jhd;. mf; fdpfspy; ,Ue;J xU tifg; ghdj;ij jahupj;J mjw;F my; f`;th vd;W ngauplg;gl;lJ. 02. ,d;W Nfhg;gp vd miof;fg;gLk; ngw;Ws;s my; f`;th g];fh Nuh]p vDk; JUf;fpa K];ypkhy; 1650 y; ,q;fpyhe;jpw;F mwpKfk; nra;ag;gl;lJ.

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22 12k; E}w;whz;Lf;F Kd; 01.

Nfhg;gp ghdj;jpid cyFf;F mwpKfk; nra;jy;.

 vjpNahg;gpahtpy; MLfs; xUtifr; nrbapd; fha; cz;l NghJ RWRWg;G mile;jd.  (vdNt mr; nrbapd;) Nfhg;gp tpijfs; nfhjpf;f itf;fg;gl;L my; f`;th vDk; ghdk; jahupf;fg;gl;lJ.  vkd; Njrj;jpy; #gpf;fs; ,uT tzf;fj;jpy; J}f;fj;jpidj; jtpHj;J tpopj;jpUe;J ,uT tzf;fj;jpy; <Lgl my; f`;th ghdj;jpid mUe;jpdH.  gpuahzpfs;> ahj;jpupfHfs;> tpahghupfs; %yk; K];ypk; cyFf;F guTjy;.  17k; E}w;whz;by; INuhg;ghit miljy;.  16k; E}w;whz;bd; Nfhg;gp mUe;Jk; ,lj;jpy; Coffee House Njhw;wk;  17k; E}w;whz;by; yz;ldpy; Njhw;wk; ngw;w The Lioyds Coffee House ,J tHj;jfHfs;> fg;gy; nrhe;jf;fhuHfs; vd;gtHfspd; re;jpf;Fk; jskhfTk; nghJ kf;fs; murpay; rhHe;j tplaq;fis fye;JiuahLk; ,lkhfTk; ,Ue;jJld; tpLjiy ,af;fq;fspd; cUthf;fj;jpw;Fk; top tFj;jJ.

Chess rJuq;fk;> rh\h ,g;D jh`pH vd;gtuhy; ,e;jpahtpy; Njhw;Wtpf;fg;gl;lJ. ghurPfj;jpw;F (jw;fhy <uhd;) mDg;gg;gl;l xU J}JtH ,jid ghurPf K];ypk;fSf;F mwpKfk; nra;jhH. ,t; tpisahl;by; gy Kd;Ndw;wq;fis Vw;gLj;jpa ghurPfH mjid “rj;uQ;r;” vDk; Gjpa ngaH nfhz;L mioj;jdH. Aj;jq;fisj; jpl;lkpLtjpy; rj;uQ;r; gad;gLj;jg;gl;lJ. me;jY}rpah vd miof;fg;gl;l ];ngapid Ml;rp nra;j K];ypk;fs; mjid INuhg;gpaUf;F mwpKfk; nra;jdH ( 9k; E}w;whz;by;). rJuq;f tpisahl;by; gad;gLj;jg;gLk; gpuNahfq;fs; : Shah - King Firzan/ General - Queen Feel / Elephant - Bishop Faras - Horse Rukh/ Chariot - Cantle Baidaq/ Soldier - Pawn “Shah nksj;”= Check mate

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23 Rj;jk; -

Some contrast from Al.Jazairi

“Rj;jk; <khdpy; ghjp” - `jP]; Nrhg; fz;L gpbg;G xypt; vz;nza;iaAk;> my; fhyp vDk; gjhHj;jj;ijAk;> nfhjpf;f itj;J Mw itj;J> gpd; ciwaitg;gjd; %yk; Nrhg; cUthf;fg;gl;lJ. “`k;khk;” vd;W miof;fg;gl;l nghJ Fspayiwfspy; ,it itf;fg;gl;ld. INuhg; g htpd; ,Uz; l fhyj; j pd; N ghJ rpYit Aj; j fhuHfs; “Nrhg; ”fis INuhg;ggTf;F nfhz;L te;j NghJk; mJ gpugy;ak; milatpy;iy. fhuzk; Fspg;gjd; %yk; ,iwtdpd; rhgk; Vw;gLk; vd;w mtHfspd; %l ek;gpf;ifahFk;. 18k; E}w;whz;by; kzr; rtHf;fhuKk;> kUj;Jt jd;ik nfhz;l %ypif rtHfhuKk; cw;gj;jp nra;Ak; njhopw;rhiyfs; rpupahtpy; epuk;gpf; fhzg;gl;ld. 02 The Elephant clock - ahidf; fbfhuk; my; [i]up vDk; K];ypk; ,ae;jputpayhsupdhy; fp.gp.13k; E}w;whz;by; cUthf;fg;gl;lJ. 03 The camera obscura nghUl;fspd; tpk;gk; fz;zpy; vt;thW cUthfpwJ vd;gij Kjd; Kjy;gupNrhjid thapyhf ep&gpj;jy;. ,e;j fkuhNt jw;Nghja etPd fkuhf;fs;> tPbNah njhopy;El;gk;> rpdpkh vd;gtw;wpf;F mbg;gilahFk;. xsp / ghHit fz;zpNy ,Ue;J Gwg;gLk; xU tifahd fjpHfs; ehk; ghHf;fpd;w nghUl;fisj; njhLfpd;w NghJjhd; vk;khy; ghHf;f Kbfpd;wJ vd ek;gpapUe;jhHfs; fpNuf;fHfs;. ehk; ve;jg; nghUisg; ghHf;fpd;NwhNkh me;jg; nghUspypUe;J vkJ fz;fis te;jilAk; xspf;fjpHfNs vkJ ghHitf;F fhuzk; vd;gij gupNrhjid %yk; epWtpdhH ,g;D my; i`jk;. xsp NeH Nfhl;by; gazpf;fpd;wJ vd;gijAk;> vdNt tpopj;jpiuapYs;s kpfr; rpwpa Jthuj;jpD}lhf (tpy;iy) tpopj;jpiuapy; tpOk; nghUl;fspd; tpk;gk; jiy fPohff; fhzg;gLk; vdTk;> euk;Gfs; %ykhf tpopj;jpiuAld; njhlHGgLk; %isNa ehk; ghHf;Fk; nghUl;fis Neuhd epiyapy; czHtjw;F cjTfpd;wd vd;w %d;W cz;ikfisAk; vLj;Jf; $wpatUk; ,g;D my; i`jNk! ,tH vOjpa gpd;dH Book of optics vd Mq;fpyj;jpy; nkhop ngaHf;fg;gl;l Gj;jfk; ,d;Wk; kUj;Jtf; fy;Y}upfspy; gad;gLj;jg; gLfpd;wJ. Three Course Meals ,d;Wk; eilKiwapYs;s Three Course Meal vDk; czTg; gof;fj;ijAk;> cztUe;Jk; Kiwapy; ehfupfj;ijAk; cyFf;F mwpKfk; nra;jtHfs; muhgpa K];ypk;fNs!

fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014

xU “R+g;” cld; Muk;gpj;J> gpd;dH kPd;> ,iwr;rp> my;yJ gwit khkprj;Jld;


]k; ]k;

24

gpujhd czit cz;l gpd; fdptiffisAk;>Nuts fisAk; nfhz;l xU ,dpg;ghd rpwpa czTld; rhg;ghl;il Kbf;Fk; gof;fj;ijAk; ];ngapDf;F 9k; E}w;whz;by; vLj;Jr; nrd;wtu; ]pu;ahg; vd miof;fg;gLk; mGy; `]d; myp ,g;D ehgp vd;gtuhthu;. ,tH mwpKfg;gLj;jpa gof;f tof;fq;fspy; ,d;Dk; rpy. 01. Rg;uh vd miof;fg;gLk; tpupg;gpy; czTfisg; gupkhwy;. 02. cz; Z k; NghJ Milfs; kP J mOf; F g; glhky; ghJfhg; g jw; f hf “Nru;tpau;l;” vd miof;fg;gLk; ngupa Gilitia kb kPJ tpupj;jy;. 03. czTg; gz; l q; f isg; gupkhWtjw; f hf gspq; F f; Nfhg; i gfisg; gad;gLj;jTk; ,tNu fw;Wf; nfhLj;jhH. fk;gsj;jpd; mwpKfk; Rushes vDk; js tpupg;Gfs; 15k; E}w;whz;bd; vOj;jhsuhd vuh];k]; (Erasmus), Mq;fpNyaupd; tPlL ; j;jiuia gpd;tUkhW tu;zpf;fpd;whu;;: “nghJthf jiufs; ntz; fspapdhy; G+rg;gl;L, rushes ,dhy; (xU tifahd jhtu ,iyfspdhy; gpd;dg;gl;l tiy) %lg;gl;Ls;sd.vg;NghjhtJ xU Kiw -rpy Ntisfspy; Rkhu; 20 tUlq;fSf;Fg; gpd; - ,it khw;wg;gLfpd;wd.,e;j rushes ,d; mbg;gFjpapy; njhz;ilapy; ,Ue;J ntspahFk; rsp>the;jp>eha;fspdJk; kdpju; f spdJk; jputf; fopTfs; > rhuhaj; J spfs; > kP d ; Jfs; f s; kw; W k; ntspg;gilahf Fwpg;gpl;Lr; nrhy;y tpUk;ghj gpw mUtUg;GfSk; fhzg;gLfpd;wd. Nfhil fhyj;jpd;NghJ ,jpypUe;J ntsptUk; MtpahdJ kdpjdpd; Rfhjhuj;jpw;F mr;RWj;jyhdJ vd ehd; fUJfpd;Nwd;.” fk;gsk; ghurPf>mNugpa>JUf;fpa fk;gsq;fs;> rJuk;> el;rj;jpuk;> ePs; rJuk;> tl;lk; Nghd;w gy;NtW fzpj cUf;fisf; fhl;Lk; gpd;dy; Ntiyg;ghLfisj; jd;dfj;Nj nfhz;lit. K`k; k J egpapd; fhyj; j pypUe; N j mNugpa K]; y pk; f splk; fk; g sq; f s; cgNahfj;jpy; ,Ue;jpUf;fpd;wd. K];ypk;fs;> Fwpg;ghfg; ngz;fs; jk; xt;nthUf;Fnkdj; jdpahd ‘K]y;yh’ vd miof;fg;gLk; rpwpa fk;gsj;ij jk;kplk; itj;jpUg;ghHfs;. K];ypk; jpUkz epfo; Tfspd; NghJ khg;g ps;i skhUk; fk;g sq;fspNyNa mkHj;jg;gLfpwhHfs;. “JUf;fpa fk;gsq;fis ‘fhg;gp’ abj;Jr; nra;ag;gLk; kpfr; rpwe;j ‘Imitation’ fk;gsq;fSf;F £ 150 gzg; gupR Royal Society of Arts UK mwptpg;G. 1757 – 1759"

2.0 Schools & Literarture

fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014

jhUy; `pf;kh / mwptpay; ,y;yk;


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25

fp.gp. 9k; E}w;whz;by; gf;jhj;jpy; epWtg;gl;l khngUk; mwptpay; ,y;yk; jhUy; `pf;khthFk;. K];ypk; cyfpd; gy ghfq;fspYk; gue;J fple;j gy;NtW Jiw rhu;e;j mwptpay; epGzHfs; kl;Lkd;wp>Gj;jfq;fspd; %yg; gpujpfSk; ,q;F xd;W NrHf;fg;gl;ld. jw;Nghija <uhdpYs;s Fuhrhd; gpuNjrj;jpypUe;J khj;jpuk; 100 xl;liffspy; ifnaOj;J %yg; gpujpfs; tutiof;fg;gl;ld. ,d;iwa ,j;jhypapd; xU gFjpahd> Mdhy; md;W cikahf;fspd; Ml;rpapd; fPo; ,Ue;j rprpyp gpuNjrj;jpypUe;J jj;Jtk;> kw;Wk; tpQ;Qhdk; njhlHghd %yg; gpujpfs; mjpfstpy; ,q;F nfhz;L tug;gl;ld. K];ypk;fshy; vOjg;gl;l kw;Wk; tof;fpy; ,y;yhJ Nghd Latin nkhopapy; ,Ue;J mwGf;F nkhopkhw;wk; nra;ag;gl;l E}y;fs; INuhg;ghit mile;jNghJ mit nghJthfj; jk; ,Uz;l fhyj;ij tpl;L ntspapy; tu Muk;gpj;jd. mf; fhyj;jpy; muG nkhopNa> rHtNjr ,izg;G nkhopahfTk; mwptpaypd; nkhopahfTk; fhzg;gl;lJ. ghlrhiy ,];yhkpa ehfupfj;jpy; gs;spthry;fNs ghlrhiyfshfTk; njhopw;gl;ld.,];yhj;jpd; Kjw; ghlrhiy kjPdhg; gs;spthaypy; ,aq;fpaJ. (fp.gp. 653).,q;F thrpg;igg; Nghjpg;gjpy; K];ypk; my;yhj mNugpaUk; epakpf;fg;gl;ldu;.fp.gp. 744 y; lk];f]pd; Kjy; ghlrhiy epWtg;gl;lJ. K];ypk; ];ngapdpy; (me;jY}rpah) 9 k; E}w;whz;by; epWtg;gl;bUe;j midj;Jg; gs;spthry;fspYk; Muk;gf; fy;tpiag; Nghjpf;Fk; ghlrhiyfs; fhzg;gl;ld. MrpupaUila tPlb ; y; khztu;fs; xd;W$bf; fy;tpfw;Fk; Kiw Kjd; Kiwahf 10k; E}w;whz;by;; <uhd; gpuNjrj;jpy; Njhd;wpaJ.,J gs;spthrYf;F mg;ghy; epWtg;gl;l Kjw; ghlrhiy. 15k; E}w;whz;by;; cJkhdpau;fshy; epWtg;gl;l ‘Fy;ypa;ah’ vd miof;fg;gl;l ghlrhiyfs; etPd gy;fiyf;fofq;fis xj;jit. xt;nthU Fy;ypa;ahtpYk; gs; s pthry; f Sk; kUj; J tkidfSk; rikayiwAk; czT tpLjpAk; fhzg;gl;ld. khztu;fSf;fhf midj;Jr; nryTfSk; cJkhdpa murpdhy; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;ld. gy;fiyf; fofk; cyfpy; ,d;W ,aq;Ffpd;w gy;fiyf;fofq;fspy; kpfTk; gioikahdJ vfpg;jpy; cs;s my; - m];`H gy;fiyf;fofkhFk;. ,J RkhH 1037 tUlq;fs; gioik tha;e;jJ. ,g;D my; i`jk; Nghd;w khztHfisAk;> ,g;D fy;J}d; Nghd;w gy; Jiw mwpQHfis MrpupaHfshfTk; nfhz;l ngUik ,jidr; rhUk;. cyfpy; KjyhtJ gy;fiyf;fofk;. ghjpkh my; gp`;up vd;w ngz; xUtuhy; fp.gp841 y; nkhNuhNfhtpy; Fez efupy; epWtg;gl;l futpa;aPd; gy;fiyf;fofk; MFk;.

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,q;F Fu;Md;> ,iwapay;> rl;lk;> tpthjj; jpwd;> ,yf;fpak;> ju;ff ; k;> vz; fzpjk;> Gtpapay;> kUj;Jtk; Nghd;w fw;iffs; ,lk; ngw;wd. ,q;F Nru tpUk;Gk; ru;tNjr khztu;fspd; njhif mjpfupj;jikahy; Nju;Tg; guPl;ir Kjd; Kiwahf mwpKfk; nra;ag;gl;lJ.Nju;Tg; guPl;irapy; khztu;fspd; Fu;Md; gw;wpa mwpTk;,muG nkhopj;jpwDk;> mtu;fSila tpQ;Qhd mwpTk; gupNrhjpf;fg;gl;ld.fy;tp ,ytrkhf toq;fg;gl;lJ. fbdkhd ,Wjpg; guPl;irfs; itf;fg;gl;L ‘,[h]h’ vd miof;fg;gl;l “gl;lr; rhd;wpjo;fs;” khztu;fSf;F toq;fg;gl;ld.,e;j ‘,[h]h’f;fisg; ngw;wtu;fs; khj;jpuNk Mrpupau;fshfj; njhopw;glKbAk;.,e;j ‘,[h]hf;fs;’ fw;gpg;gjw;fhd mDkjpg; gj;jpuk; vd;w nghUs;gLk; “gp `f; my; upthah” vDk; muGg; gjk; nfhz;Lk; miof;fg;gl;ld.,JNt ,d;W ‘Baccalareus’ vd;W Mq;fpyj;jpy; jpupgile;Js;sJ. Baccalareus vDk; ngau; nfhz;l rhd;wpjo;fs; ,d;Wk; gy;NtW University fshy; toq;fg;gLfpd;wd. thrpfrhiyfs; 7 k; E}w;whz;by;; KOf; Fu;MDk; vOj;JUtpy; xd;W Nru;f;fg;gl;L,gpd;du; ,e;j %yg; gpujpapypUe;J gy gpujpfs; vLf;fg;gl;ld.,g;gpujpfs; ,];yhkpa fpyhgj;jpd; gy ghfq;fSf;Fk; mDg;gpitf;fg;gl;ljhy; muG vOj;Jf;fspd; thrpg;Gk;,vOj;Jf;fSk; jug;gLj;jg;gl;ld.mg;ghrpa fyPgh jhWy;  `pf;khtpy;,fpNuf;f nkhopapypUe;J muG nkhopf;F Gj;jfq;fis nkhopngau;g;Gr; nra;jhu;. ,tu; nkhopngau;g;ghsu;fSf;F nkhopngau;f;fg;gl;l Gj;jfj;jpd; vilf;Fr; rkkhd jq;fj;ij Cjpakhf toq;fpdhu;.,jdhy; jhWy; `pf;khtpy; cs;s Gj;jfq;fspd; vz;zpf;if fzprkhf cau;e;jJ. ,g; Gj;jfq;fs; jhWy; FJg; (Gj;jf ,y;yk;) vd miof;fg;gl;l thrpfrhiyfSf;F mDg;gpitf;fg;gl;ld. fp.gp1258 y; nkhq;NfhypaH gf;jhij Mf;fpukpj;jNghJ mq;Fs;s thrpfrhiyfspy; gy ,yl;rf;fzf;fhd Gj;jfq;fs; fhzg;gl;ld. A+g;ul;B]; ejpapy; ,g; Gj;jfq;fis epug;gpankhq;Nfhypaumg;Gj;jfq;fs; Nky; ejpiaf; fle;jdu;. Gj;jfq;fspd; ik fiue;jjdhy; A+g;uB]; ejp fWg;G epwkhf XbaJ. gf;jhj;jpy; ,Ue;jtw;iwg; Nghy; ghupa thrpfrhiyfs; nfa;Nuh> mnyg;Ngh kw;Wk; <uhd;,kj;jpa Mrpahtpd; gpujhd efuq;fspYk; fhzg;gl;ld. thrpfrhiyfspy; Gj;jfq;fis gpujp vLf;Fk; trjpAk; fhzg;gl;lJ.,jidr; nra;tjw;fhf ‘tu;uhf;’ vDk; gpujp nra;Ak; epGzu;fs; epakpf;fg;gl;bUe;jhu;fs;. E}yhrpupau;fSk;> gpw mwpQu;fSk; jhk; vOjpa,thrpj;j Gj;jfq;fis gpwUld; fye;J Ma;T nra;Ak;(tpku;rdk; nra;Ak;) trjpAk; ,q;F fhzg;gl;ld. Gj;jfq;fs; tifg;gLj;jg;gl;L jdpj;jdpahd ‘uhf;if’fspy; itf;fg;gl;lJld; thrfHfSf;F ,utyhfTk; toq;fg;gl;ld. fijfSk; ehty;fSk; xU jPtpNy jdpj;Jtplg;gl;l xU kdpjd; vt;thW jd; tho;ifg; Nghuhl;lj;ij vjpu; nfhs;fpwhd; vd;gijr; rpj;jupf;Fk; ehty; ‘nuhgpd;rd;FUNrh’ MFk;. ,J

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,Nj fijNahl;lj;ij ikakhff; nfhz;l ‘Cast Away’ vDk; rpdpkhg; glk; n`hypT+l;by; jahupf;fg;gl;lJ. Mdhy; ,it ,uz;LNk myp ,g;D rPdh vd;w ,];yhkpa mwpQupdhy; 11k; E} w;whz;by; vOjg;gl;l ‘i` ,g;D af;ohd;’ vd;w muGf; fijapd; fhg;gpfNs. ,e;jf; fij 1709 k; Mz;L Mq;fpyj;jpw;F nkhop ngau;f;fg;gl;lJ.

3.0 vOj;jzpf; fiy kw;Wk; tptrhag; Gul;rp Vitruvian man vdmiof;fg;gLk; 1490y; ypadhu;Nlhlhtpd;rp vd;gtuhy; tiuag;gl;l glk; gilg;Gfspy; kpfr; rpwe;jJ kdpjg; gilg;G. ,t;tifapy; Neu;jj ; pahd KOikahd xU kdpjdpd; mtatq;fs; xt;nthd;Wk; jkf;fpilapy; EZf;fkhd tpfpjhu xOq;F Ngzg;gl;l epiyapy; kdpjd; gilf;fg;gl;Ls;shd;. vdNt lhtpd;rp tiue;j Vitruvian man vDk; tiuglk; kdpjdpd; xt;nthU mq;fKk; ve;j tpfpjhrhuj;jpy; fhzg;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;gij tpsf;Ftjid mtjhdpf;fyhk;. ,e; j tpfpjhrhuk; gw; w pa mwpT Xtpau; f s; > rpw; g pfSf; F khj; j pukd; w p fl;blf;fiyQu;fs;> (Geometry) tbttpay; NkijfSf;Fk; mj;jpahtrpkhdJ. lhtpd;rpapd; Vitruvian man fp.gp 10k;Ehw;whd;by; trpj;j‘,`;thd; rgh’ rNfhjuu;fs; rpyuhy; vOjg;gl;l Rassa’il vd;w E}ypypUe;J ngwg;gl;l Ma;Tfspd; tpisT vk;kpy; mNefu; mwpahj tplak;. ,Uz;l fhyj;jpYUe;J INuhg;gh tpLgl;likf;fhd fhuzk; mtu;fs; midj;J mwptpay; JiwfspYk; K];ypk;fis Kd;khjpupahf Vw;Wf; nfhz;likNa ,jw;F ,J Xu; cjhuzk;. vOj;jzpf; fiyAk; muG vOj;jyq;fhuKk; cUtq;fs; tiutij ,];yhk; jilnra;j fhuzj;jpdhy; K];ypk;fs; mw;Gjkhd vOj;jzpf; fiyia cUthf;fp tsu;g;gjpy; ftdk; nrYj;jpdu;. muG vOj;jhsu;fshy; ftug;gl;l INuhg;gpa fpwp];jtu; vOj;jzpfspy; fhzg;gl;l mu;j;jq;fisg; GupahkNyNa mtw;iwg; gpujp nra;a Muk;gpj;jdu;.

fyhrhu tpohofrpwg; G kyh; 2014jdJ E}ypy; gp];kpy;yh`; vd;w Prof. ThomasArnold, Legacy Islam vd;w


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muG vOj;ij nfhz;l xU rpYit mau;yhe;jpy; fz;nlLf;fg;gl;lJ gw;wpf; Fwpg;gpLfpd;whu;.

tptrhag; Gul;rp K];ypk;fspd; tUiff;F Kd; kj;jpajiuf; fly; rhu;ej ; INuhg;ghtpy; Fspu;fhyg; gapu;fs; khj;jpuNk tptrhak; nra;ag;gg;gl;ld. ];ngapid ntw;wp nfhz;l K];ypk;fs; mNugpahtpypUe;Jk;> ,e;jpahtpd; c\;ztya gpuNjrq;fspy; ,Ue;Jk gy; NtWgl;l gapupdq;fis mq;F vLj;Jr; nrd;wdu;.Kjd; Kiwahf Nfhilfhyg; gapu;fs; mq;F gapuplg;gl;ld. K];ypk;fshy; INuhg;ghTf;F vLj;J tug;gl;l rpy fdptu;f;fq;fSk;>jhtu ,dq;fSk; fPo;tUkhW : MuQ;R>vYkpr;ir><r;ir>mj;jp>muprp>gPr;>prunes>mg;upNfhl;>gUj;jp>kQ;rs;>fUk;G>gl ;L>….. tptrhak; njhlu;ghff; fhzg;gl;l xU rl;lk; : xUepyr; nrhe;jf;fhuu; njhlu;e;J 3 tUlq;fs; jdJ epyj;ijg; gapuplhJ juprhf itj;jpUe;jhy; me;epyk; murpdhy; gwpKjy; nra;ag;gl;L tptrhapfSf;F toq;fg;gl;lJ. ,jdhy; tptrhak; tpUj;jp fz;lJ. tptrhar; nra;if gw;wpa Gj;jfk; : g];]hy; vdg;gLk;>nlhyNlh efumkPupd; Njhl;lg; nghWg;gjpfhup>tptrhak; gw;wp xU Gj;jfj;ij 1085 CE y; vOjpdhu;. ,tu; jz;zPiuAk; kz;izAk; gy;NtW tiffshf tifg;gLj;jp ve;j jz;zPu; my;yJ kz; tif vg;gapUf;Fg; nghUj;jk; vd;gijf; Fwpg;gpl;lhu;. ,t;thwhd xU Gj;jfk; ,g;D my; mt;thk; vd;gtuhy; 12k; E}w;whz;bYk; vOjg;gl;lJ.xUepyj;jpy; vt;thW tpyq;F Ntshz;ikiaAk; tptrhaj;ijAk; nra;ayhk; vd;gJ gw;wp ,tu; tptupj;jhu;. ,e;Ehypy; ,tu; 585 tifj; jhtuq;fisAk; mitfis vt;thW xl;L Kiwapy; tsg;gLj;jyhk;;? mtw;Wf;Fg; nghUj;jkhd kz; tiffs; vit? kz;iz vt;thW tsg;gLj;jyhk?;; mj;jhtuq;fl;L Vw;gLk; Nea;fs; vit? mtw;iw vt;thW fl;Lg;gLj;jyhk;? vd;w tplaq;fs; gw;wpAk;>ePug ; g ; ha;rr ; y;>NjdP tsu;gG ; f;Fj; Njitahd kutiffs; gw;wpAk; Fwpg;gpLfpd;whu;. xU ghj;jpuj;ij kuj;jpdbapy; Gijj;J mk;kuj;jpd; ePu;j;Njitf;Fk;>kz;zpd; jd;ikf;Fk; fhy epiyf;Fk; Vw;whw; Nghy; msthd Jthuj;ij mikj;J fr;rpjkhf ePu;g;gha;r;ry; nra;Ak; Kiwia ,tNu cyFf;F mwpKfk; nra;jhu;.

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Cordovacalendar 961 CE xt;nthU khjj;jpYk; gpujhd tptrha nraw;ghLfis ,f;fyz;lu; fhl;baJ. (c+k;) March khjk; 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

mj;jpkuk; Graftins. Cereal tiffspy; Njhw;wk;. fUk;G ely; . Nwh]; >Lilac kyu;fs; kyUk;. Quails fspd; tUif.

6. gl;Lg;g+r;rpfspd; re;jjpg; ngUf;fk;. 7. Mullets up river. 8. ff;fupf;fha; ely;. 9. gUj;jp kQ;ry;> fj;jup tpijj;jy;. 10. Fjpiufspd; nfhs;tdTf;fhd Xlu;fis mDg;Gjy;. 11. ntl;Lf;fpspfs; (locusts) tUif mtw;iw mopg;gjw;fhd Vw;ghLfs; Muk;gk;. 12. gytifg; gwitfspd; (mating season) ,dtpUj;jpf; fhyk;. glk; : K];ypk;fs; jk; Njhl;lq;fspNyNa ghupa> 60 mbtiu cauk; nfhz;l Gwh tPLfis mikj;jdu; . mtw;wpd; ngUf;fj;ij mjpfg;gLj;jpdu;. Gwhf; fopTfs; Nrfupf;fg;gl;L tptrha epyq;fis tsg;gLj;Jtjw;fhd cukhfg; gad;gLj;jg;gl;lJ. fdhj;Jf;fs; : tptrha NtiyfSf;fhf rpy Ntisfspy; J}u ,lq;fspUe;J jz;zPiug; ngw Ntz;ba Njit ,Ue;jJ. ,e;j jz;zPu; xU tiff; fhd;fspDhlhff; nfhz;Ltug;gl;lJ . ghiy tdq;fspy; vw;gLk; MtpAapu;g;igj; jtpu;g;gjw;fhf ,e;jf; fhd;fs; epyj;jpd; mbapy; mikf;fg;gl;ld. ,it fdhj;Jf;fs; (Ruq;ff; fhd;fs;)vdmiof;fg;gl;ld. ,e;j fhd;fis epykl;lj;Jld; njhlu;G gLj;Jtjw;fhf ghupa fpzWfs; Njitahd ,lq;fspy; mikf;fg;gl;ld. ,tw;iw ,d;Wk; <uhdpd; gy gFjpfspy; fhzyhk;. rptpy; nghwpaw;Jiw tuyhw;whrpupau;fs;> Fwpg;ghf mizf;fl;Lfisg; gw;wpg; NgRk; tuyhw;whrpupau;fs; K];ypk;fspd; gq;fspg;Gf;fis ,Ul;lbg;Gr; nra;fpd;wdu;.cikahf;fs;> mg;ghrpaupd; fhyq;fspd; NghJ mizf;fl;Lfs;>ePu;g;ghrdk; Nghd;w Jiwfs; Gwf;fzpf;fg;gl;L>mit mwNt ,y;yhJ Nghapd vd;w $w;W ngha;ahdJk; mePjpahdJk; MFk;. Worman Smith‘mizf;fl;Lfspd; tuyhW’vDk; E}ypy; (1971) fhw;Wiy

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fhw;Wiyiag; gad;gLj;jp jhdpak; miuf;Fk; Kiw Kjd; ghurPfj;jpd; rp];jhu; efupy; Kjyhffp.gp. 634 y; fyPghcku; (uop) mtu;fshy; epWtg;gl;lJ. ngUk;ghyhd INuhg;gpa ehLfspy; cs;s mjp NtfNkhl;lhu; ghijfshy; ,izf;fg;gl;bUf;Fk;. ,g;ghijfspy; gpuahzpfs; Xa;ntLj;Jr; nry;tjw;Fk; Njitahdtrjpfs; fhzg; g Lk; . ,e; j ,lq; f spy; nghJthfngw; N why; epiyaq;fs;>NjePu; rhiyfs;>czTtpLjpfs; vd;gd fhzg;gLk; . ,];yhkpaNjrq;fspy; fhzg;gl;Lgpujhdefu;fs; ahTk; jkf;fpilapYk; > `[;[{f;Fupa ,lq;fshdkf;fhTlDk; ghijfshy; ,izf;fg;gl;bUe;jd. trjpf;fhf Rkhu; 30 iky;fs; ,ilntspapy; jq;Fkpltrjpfs; nra;ag;gl;Ue;jd . ,q;Fjupf;Fk; gpuahdpfSf;F 3 ehl;fs;tiu ,ytrkhfjq;Fkplk; czTk; >kUj;JttrjpfSk; rpy ,lq;fspy; nghOJNghf;FtrjpfSk; toq;fg;gl;ld ,jw;fhdnryTfs; fpyhgj;jpd; igj;Jy; khy; (jpiwNrup) ,y; ,Ue;Jk; kf;fs; toq;Fk; jhd ju;kq;fspypUe;Jk; Nkw; nfhs;sg;gl;ld . jLg;g+rp (vaccination) gytPdkhd my;yJ ,we;j Neha; fpUkpfis xU kdpj clypy; nrYj;Jk; NghJ me; Neha;f;F vjpuhd Neha; vjpu;g;G rf;jpia me;j cly; ngWfpd;wJ. ,jid Kjd; Kjypy; fz;L gpbj;jtu;fs; JUf;fpa K];ypk;fs; MFk; . fp.gp. 1717 ,jid INuhg;ghTf;F mwpKfk; nra;jtu; nybNkhd;L vd miof;fg;gLk; ,tu; 1761-1717 fhyg;gFjpay; JUf;fpapy; flik Gupe;jhu;. ,q;fpyhe;jpd; JhJtupd; kidtp. vl;thu; n[d;du; vd;w INuhg;gpa ngz;Nz 1769 y; jLg;g+rp Kiwiaf;; fz;L gpbj;jtu; vd;w jfty; nga;ahdJ.

fhNrhiy–”nrf;” ];ngapd; Kjy; gue;jpue;j ,];yhkpa Njrj;jf;Fs; xU vy;iiyapypUe;J kw;nwhU vy;iyf;F tpahghuj;jpw; Nfw;g gazpf;Fk; NghJ jPdhu;fisAk; jpu;`k;fisAk; Rke;Jnry;tJ ,yFthdjy;y. vdNt> “rf”; vd mugpapy; miof;fg;gLk; nrf;if fyPgh `hWhd; my; wrPj;

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763 – 766 tiuahd jdJ Ml;rpf; fhyj;jpy; mwpKfg;gLj;jpdhu;.

gpupl;ldpy; E}jdrhiyapy; cs;s jq;fehzak; Offer Rex vd;w kj;jpafhyj;J ,q;fpyhe;J kd;dd; K];ypk;fspd; jq;fehzakhd jPdiuAk; mg;gbNa‘fhg;gpabj;J’jdJ ehl;bd; ehzakhf ntspapl;lhd;. ,e;ehzaj;jpy; yhapyh` ,y;yy;yh`; K`k;kJu; u]_yy;yh`; vd;w ngwpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ. fljhrp ,];yhkpa cyfpd; KjyhtJ fljhrp Miy 751 CE y; gf;jhjpy; epWtg;gl;lJ 751 CE y; ,lk; ngw;w ly;yh[; Aj;jj;jpy; rpiwg; gpbf;fg;gl;l ifjpfsplkpUe;J fljhrp jahupf;Fk; Kiwia K];ypk;fs; fw;Wf; nfhz;ldu;. Hemp vDk; jhtuj;ij gad;gLj;jp fljhrp cw;gj;jp nra;Ak; Kiwiaf; fz;Lgpbj;jtu;fs; rpupa K];ypk;fs; . kPsg; gad;gLj;jf; $baJk; >R+oYf;Fk; ghjpg;gpy;yhjJk; tpiy Fiwe;jJkhd ,f; fljhrp ,dk; cyfpy; gpugykhf cs;sJ. 950 CE y; trpj;j K];ypk; fbdkhdJk; tOtOg;ghdJkhd‘rhj;jpgp’vdg;gLk; (glossy) fljhrpia fz;Lgpbj;jdu; fpwp];jt INuhg;ghtpd; KjyhtJ fljhrp Miy nghyf;du; (Bologana) efupy; 1293 ce epWtg;gl;lJ . ,q;fpyhe;jpy; Kjd; Kiwahf 1329 y; jhd; fljhrp gad;gLj;g;gl;lJ.

4.0 kUj;Jtj; Jiwf;fhd cyf K];ypk;fspd; gq;fspg;G “Mapuk; Mz;LfSf;F Kd;du; kUj;Jt guhkupg;G (Medical care) midtUf;Fk; ,ytrkhf toq;fg;gl;lJld; rpfpr;irfs; kpfTk; El;gk; tha;e;jjhfTk; fhzg;gl;ld. kj;jpafhy ,];yhkpa kUj;Jtkidfs; cyfpd; etPd kUj;Jtkidfshf fhzg;gl;ld. mtu;fsplk; rpwe;j kUj;Jt mwpT fhzg;gl;lJ. tUfpd;w midtUf;Fk; ,ytrkhf kUj;JtKk; kUe;JfSk; toq;fg;gl;ld. mtu;fs;

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Njrpa Rfhjhu Nritfs; (National Health Services) Kiwikapd; Kd;Ndhbfshf ,Ue;jdu;. ,];yhkpa Ml;rpahsu;fs; vd;w tifapy; kpfTk; rpwg;ghd fl;Lkhdq;fis mikj;jjhYk; ,j;Jiw NkYk; tsu;rr ; paile;jJ. rpy kUj;Jtkidfs; kpfTk; ghupajhfTk;> ,d;Dk; gy #oTk; G+e;Njhl;lq;fisAk;> goj; Njhl;lq;fisAk; nfhz;bUe;jd. NkYk; NehahspfSf;F ,ir %ykhd rpfpr;irfs; cl;gl cau;e;j r%f eyr; NritfSk; toq;fg;gl;ld. mtu;fs; gad;gLj;jpa trjptha;g;Gf;fs; ,d;W Njitf;F Vw;g tbtikf;fg; gl;Ls;sJld; mWitr; rpfpr;ir cgfuzq;fs; (Surgical Instruments) ,d;Dk; ghtidapy; cs;sd. K];ypk; rj;jpu rpfpr;ir epGzu;fshy; Mapuk; Mz;LfSf;F Kd;du; tbtikf;fg;gl;l “,Lf;fp” (Forceps) vDk; fUtp ,d;W tiuAk; gad;gLj;jg;gLfpd;wJ. fz; tpy;iy khw;Wr; rpfpr;irfs;(Cataract Operations) Nghd;w ntl;br; nra;Ak; (Cutting edge) rpfpr;ir Kiwfs;> xOq;F Kiwahd jLg;G Crp Vw;wy; (Regular vaccination), cl;ijay;> vYk;G rPuikg;G Nghd;wd juk; tha;ej ; eilKiwfshf ,d;Wk; cs;sd. mt;thNw newpKiwNahL $ba kUj;Jt fy;tpia toq;ff; $ba Nghjdh itj;jparhiyAk; (Teaching Hospital) fhzg;gl;lJ.” itj;jparhiy mgptpUj;jp (Hospital Development) “fpNuf;fu;fs; Neha;fis Fzg;gLj;Jtjw;F tpQ;Qhd Ma;T eilKiwfSf;Fg; khwhf Njthyaq;fspd; mjprakhf (Miraculous) fUjp te;jdu;. ,jd; NghJ 8 Mk; E}w;whz;by; gf;jhjpy; ,];yhkpau;fs; kUj;Jtkidfis epWtj; njhlq;fpdu;. ,Ug;gpDk; fp.gp. 872 – 874k; Mz;L KjyhtJ xOq;FgLj;jg;gl;l Kiwahd kUj; J tkidahd (Organized Proper Hospital) “mfkj; ,g; D JY}d; kUj;Jtkid” vfpg;jpd; nfa;Nuhtpy; epHkhzpf;fg;gl;lJ. ,q;F midj;J NehahspfSf;Fk; ,ytrkhf rpfpr;ir toq;fg;gl;lJld; ,ytr kUe;JfSk; toq;fg;gl;ld. ,q;F Mz;> ngz;fSf;nfd;W jdpahd Fspayiwfs;> midj;J trjpAldhd E}yfk;> kd NehahspfSf;nfd jdpahd xU gFjpAk; (a section for the insane) mikf;fg;gl;bUe;jJ. ,J ek;g Kbahj msTf;F xU rpwe;j epWtdkhf fhzg;gl;lJ. tUfpd;w Nehahsu;fs; jq;fs; MilfisAk; ngWkjpahd nghUl;fisAk; ghJfhg;ghf itg;gjw;fhd ghJfhg;G miwfs; fhzg;gl;lJld; itj;jparhiyahy; toq;fg;gLk; tpN\l Milfis NehahspfSf;F mzptpj;J ; mtu;fSf;nfd xJf;fg;gl;l fl;by;fspy; itf;fg;gl;ldu;.” “fp.gp. 982 Mk; Mz;L gf;jhjpy; kw;WnkhU ghupa “gf;jhj; kUj;Jtkid” epHkhzpf;fg;gl;lJ. 24 kUj;Jtu;fis nfhz;L ,q;F kUj;Jt Nritfs; toq;fg;gl;ld.” “12 Mk; E}w;whz;by; lk];f]py; “me;E}up kUj;Jtkid”

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]k; ]k;

33

gpukhz;lkhd itj;jparhiyahf epWtg;gl;lJ. ,q;F kUj;Jt MNyhridfs;> mwpTiufs; toq;fg;gl;ld. NkYk; kUe;jhsu;fs;(Druggists), ehtpju;fs; (Barbers)> vYk;G KwpT mWitr; rpfpr;ir epGzu; (Orthopedists)> fz; kUj;Jt epGzu; (Oculist) kw;Wk; kUj;Jtu;fs; (Physicians) Nghd;NwhUk; gupNrhjfu;fSk; fhzg;gl;ldu;. 1284 Mk; Mz;by; my; kd;#up kUj;Jtkid epHkhzpf;fg;gl;lJld; tpN\l kUj;Jtu;fs; gzpf;fku;jj ; g;g ; l;ldu;. Mz;> ngz; jdpahd thl;Lfs; mikf;fg;gl;ld. Mz; > ngz; cjtpahsu; f s; (Attendants) epakpf; f g; g ; l ; l du; . fl; b y; f s; > nkj;ijfs;> FbePu; trjpfs; Vw;gLj;jg;gl;ld. rpNu\;l kUj;Jtu;fSf;fhd jdpahd miwfSk;> fw;gpj;jy; gpupTfSk; (Room for Teaching & Lecturing) cUthf;fg;gl;lJld;> Nehahsu;fs; tPLfSf;F nfhz;L nrd;W ghtpg;gjw;fhd kUe;JfSk; toq;fg;gl;ld. ];ngapd; md;jY}]pah> rprpyp> tl Mgpupf;fh cl;gl K];ypk; cyfk; vq;Fk; ,e;j kUj;Jtkidfs; tp];jupf;fg;gl;ld. ,jd; %yk; INuhg;ghtpy; kUj;Jtkidfs; mjpfupg;gjw;F K];ypk; kUj;Jtu;fs; ngUk; gq;fhw;wpAs;sdu;. njd; ,j;jhypapy; cs;s gpugy ryu;Ndh itj;jparhiy (Salerno Hospital) K];ypk;fshy; cUthf;fg;gl;ljhFk;.” Nghjdh itj;jparhiyfs; (Teaching Hospitals) “ahu; kUj;Jt mwptpd;wp kf;fSf;F rpfpr;iraspf;fpd;whNuh mjw;F mtNu nghWg;ghspahfpd;whu;.” -egp (]y;) mtu;fs;. Mjhuk; G`hup> K];ypk; “mjprpwe;j rj;jpu rpfpr;ir epGzupd; gpd;dhy; cs;s xU ,sk; Mu;tKs;s jpwikahd kUj;JtuJ fdT Gjpa 21 Mk; E}w;whz;by; vt;thW fw;gid ay;yhky; ,Uf;fpd;wNjh mt;thNw 800 Mz;LfSf;F Kd;du; gy;fiyf;fof kUj;Jtkidfis(University Hospitals) K];ypk;fs; nfhz;bUe;jdu;. ,e;j kUj;Jtkidfs; khztu;fSf;F Kjw;ju fw;gpj;jy;fis nfhs;if mbg;gilapYk; (Theoretical Lessons) eilKiwg; gapw;rpfs; (Practical) %ykhfTk; toq;fpd.” rj;jpu rpfpr;ir (Surgery) “etPd rj;jpu rpfpr;irfs; kdpj capu;fis fhg;ghw;Wtjpy; mjprpwe;j cr;r epiyapy; cs;sd. ,e;j capu; fhf;Fk; mwnewpahdJ Mapuk; Mz;LfSf;F Kd;du; njd; ];ngapdpy; ,Ue;j K];ypk;fspd; capu; %r;rhf ,Ue;jJ. mq;fpUe;j K];ypk;fs; %d;Wtif rj;jpu rpfpr;ir Kiwfis Nkw;nfhz;ldu;. 1. FUjpf; Foha; rj;jpurpfpr;ir (Vascular) 2. nghJthd mWitr; rj;jpu rpfpr;ir (General Surgery) 3. vYk;G KwpT (Orthopedic)”

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34

fz;Neha; rpfpr;ir (Ophthalmology)

]k; ]k;

“kj;jpafhy INuhg;ghtpd; ,Uz;l Afj;jpy; K];ypk;fs;jhd; fz;Neha; rpfpr;ir Kiw Ma;TfSf;F xsp Vw;wpdu;. ,J ];nga;dpy; ,Uf;Fk; Fmnly;Faptpu; gs;sj;jhfpypUe;J vfpg;jpd; iey; ejp tiuf;Fk;> u\;ahtpd; xf;]]; ejp tiuf;Fk; gutpaJ. kj; j pafhy INuhg; g htpy; K]; y pk; f s; khj; j puk; j hd; fz; N eha; rpfpr; i r (Ophthalmology) Kiwapy; KJepiyaile;jth;fshf (Masters) fhzg;gl;ldu;.” (Mjhuk;: mnkupf;f kUj;Jt Nguit> [{iy 1905)

efuk; 9k; 10k; ehw;whz;Lfspy; 9k; 10k; ehw;whd;Lfspy; ];nga;dpd; “Fu;Jgh” (CORDOBA) <uhfpd; “gf;jhj;”; (BAGHDAD) vd;gtw;wpd; tho;tJ xU jdp ,d;gk;. ehfuPfj;jpd; cr;rj;jpy; ,Ue;j ,it gpd;tUkhW fhl;lg;gl;ld. 1. ,ytr fy;tp trjpfs.; 2. ,ytr nrsf;fpa eyd;Gup Nritfs;. 3. ,utpy; xspa+l;lg;gl;l nrt;tNd mikf;fg;gl;l ghijfs; 4. nghJtrjpfs; vd ,d;W mwpag;gLk; Ehyfq;fs>;Gjj;jf epiyaq;fs; kw;Wk; Fspay; jlhfq;fs; 5. fOij tz;b %yk; xOq;F gLj;jg;gl;l mll;tizg;gb Fg;ig $oq;fs; Nrfupg;G 6. epyf;fPo; mikf;fg;gl;l fopT ePu; fhz;fs;fis foptfw;Wk; fl;likg;G 7. k];[pij ikakhff; nfhz;l efu mikg;G. Neu;j;jpahf tbtikf;fg;gl;l ,y;yq;fSk; re;ij nfhFjpfSk; mtw;iw ,izf;Fk; ,UkUq;Fk; kuq;fshy; #og;gl;l “[py;”; vdf; fhw;W tPRk; xLf;fkhd tPjpfs; 8. tpahghu eltbf;iffs; KOf;fTk; gpujhd njUf;fs>; nghJ ,lq;fs kw;Wk;; g+q;fhf;fSk; kl;Lg;gLj;jg;gl;L ,Ue;jd. 9. gpughz;lkhd ePu; ,iwf;Fk; ,ae;jpuq;fs; Mw;Wg; gLf;fifspypUe;J fsdp epyq;fSf;Fk; ePu; gha;r;Rk; uk;kpakhd fhl;rpfs; ,d;Wk;; 650 tUlq;fSf;F Kd; K];ypk; nghwpapyhyu;fspd; iftz;zj;jpy; cUthd FOUNTAIN ePu; Cw;W jlhfk; ];ngapdpd; fpuhdlh efupYs;s “my;`k;wh khspif”apy; ghtidapy; 10. fl;blfiyapd; cr;rfl;l njhopy; El;gk; ifahsg;gl;L ARCH kw;Wk; VAULT ck; nfhz;l fl;blq;fSk; “Fg;gh”f;fSk; DOME kdhwhf;fSk; tshtp epd;W vopYhl;bd 11. “m`;ah” vd tyaq;fs; gpupf;fg;gl;L rf tho;Tf;fhd trjpfs ey;fg;gl;ld. 12. “#f”; vd re;ij njFjpfspy; jw;Nghija “Rg;gu; khu;fl;”;fs; gpujp gypj;jd. r%f xd;W $lYf;fhd jsq;fSk; fhzg;gl;ld

fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


]k; ]k;

35 efuj;jpl;lkplypd; Fzhjpraq;fs;

kuGuPjpahd INuhg;gpa efuq;fspy; fhzg;gLk; re;ij njhFjpfs>; Njthyaq;fs;> jupg;gplq;fs; Nghd;W mt;tg;gFjp kf;fspd; Njitfis ikag;gLj;jp gpd;tUk; 4 gpujhd $Wfspy; mbg;gilapy; K];ypk; efu;fSk; tbtikf;fg;gl;ld 1. 2. 3. 4.

fhyepiyAk; epytikg;Gk; kjuPjpahdJk; fyhrhu uPjpahdJkhd ek;gpf;iffs; ,];yhkpa \uPMr; rl;lk; r%f kw;Wk; ,df;$Wtiffs;

9k; Mz;L Ehw;whz;by; ];ngapdpd; “Fu;j;Jgh” efuk; nfhz;bUe;j fl;likg;G trjpfis 700 tUlq;fshf yz;ld; > gup]; $l nfhz;bUf;ftpy;iy BBC Rageh umar “An Islamic History of Europe” vDk; epfo;r;rpapy; $Wfpwhu;.

INuhg;ghtpy; moF Nru;f;Fk; fl;blfis mk;rq;fspy; m];jpthuk; K];ypk; cyNf 1. jpl;lkplg;gl;l efu tbtikg;G;G Town Planning 2. Arabitectave 3. vopy; nfhspf;Fk; ‘Mrp’ tbtq;fs;; 4. vaults 5. Fk;kl;lq;fs; Dome 6. kdhwhf;fs; 7. Gj;jf rhiyfs; Book shops 8. nghJ Fspay; jlhfq;fs; Puplic Baths 9. $lhuq;fs; Tent 10. g+q;fhf;fs; Gardens 11. nraw;if cw;Wf;fs; Fountation gpugQ;rk; - UNIVERSE ASTRONOMY - thdpay; “mtd; my;yh`;jhd; ,uT-gfy;> R+hpad;-re;jpud; ahtw;iwAk; gilj;jhd;> mit (R+hpad;-re;jpud; thd;-el;rj;jpuq;fs;> thd;nghUl;fs;) mtw;;wpd; xOq;fpd; topNa ePe;jpr; nry;fpd;wd”. my;Fh;Md; (21:33)K];ypk;fs; thdpaypYk; $l tuyhW fhzhj fz;Lgpbg;Gf;fis Nkw;nfhz;Ls;sdh;. cjhuzkhf ghy;tPjp kz;lyj;jpw;F mg;ghw;gl;l el;rj;jpuf; $l;lk;> re;jpudpd; Row; r p mirT> etP d thdpaypd; mbj; j sj; j pw; F toptFj; j thdpay; cgfuzq;fs; Nghd;wtw;iwf; $wyhk;.(thdpay; cgfuzq;fs; (c k;) Celestial Globes - thd; kz;lyk;> Armillary Spheres, Universal Astrolabes & SEXTANTS rh;tNjr Nfhzj;ij msf;Fk; fUtp ,J vy;yhk;> 8k; E}w;whd;by; KjyhtJ

fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


]k; ]k;

36

thdpiy Muha;r;rp epiyaj;jpd; fz;Lgpbg;NghLk;> Jy;ypakhd thdpiy ml;ltizapd; fz;Lgpbg;NghLk; Muk;gkhdJ. K];ypk;fspd; 2k; flikahd ehshe;j njhOifapd; Neuq;fs; R+hpadpd; epiyapy; jq;fp ,Ug;gjhy; (mjhtJ itfiw> ez;gfy;> gpd;Nduk; R+hpadpd; kiwT)> thdpay; mwpe;jpUg;gJ Kf;fpakhfpd;wJ. Al Battani-

my;gj;jhdp- (thdpay; rh];jphp fzpj Nkij)

,th; Nkw;fj;Nja ehLfspy; my;ngj;Nj[pdpay; vd;W miof;fg;gLgth;. 929 CF ,y; kuzpj;jhh;. Nrgpad; thdpiy ml;ltizia (Sabian Table) vOjpath;. ,J gpw;fhy thdpaypd; vOr;rpf;F khngUk; nry;thf;F nrYj;jpaJ. Gjpa re;jpud;fid / Nfhs;fspid fhzf; $ba Neuj;jpid fzpj;jhh;. G+kp R+hpaid xU KOr;Rw;W (Sidereal year) Rw;wp tUk; fhyk;> R+Hpa fjpia(Solar year) itj;J msf;Fk; Mz;lsT vd;gtw;iwAk; fz;L gpbj;jhh;. fpufzq;fisAk; Parallax Phenomenon IAk; fz;Lgpbj;jhh;. ,d;iwa fhy jpupNfhz fzpjtpaYf;Fk; mth; ngUk; gq;fhw;wpAs;shh;. njhykpapd; tpjpfspy; khw;wq;fis fz;Lgpbj;jth;. ,J jw;Nghija thdpaypy; ngUk; nry;thf;F nrYj;Jfpd;wJ. fpNuf;f thdpay; rh];jphp R+hpaid 65o nel;lhq;fpy; cs;snjd fz;Lgpbj;jij ngha;g;gpj;J 82o nel;lhq;fpy; ,Ug;gij fzpj;J ,jid R+hpa FLk;gk; mirtpy; cs;sJ vd;gij ep&gpj;jhh;. my; gp&dp (Al Biruni) 973-1048 fhyg;gFjpapy; tho;e;jth;. ,th; Gtp jd;idj;jhNd xU mr;rpy; Rw;WfpwJ vd;gij fz;Lgpbj;jth;. Gtpapd; Rw;W tl;lj;ij fzpj;jth;. cyfpd; ve; j g; Gs; s papypUe; J k; kf; f htpd; jpiria tpQ; Q hd uP j pahf fz;lwpe;jth;. 150 Gj;jfq;fis vOjpapUe;jhYk; mjpy; 35 fpue;jq;fs; J}a thdpay; Gj;jfq;fshFk;. mjpy; 6 kl;LNk vQ;rpAs;sijf; jw;NghJk; fhzyhk;.

fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


]k; ]k;

37 ,g;D A+D]; ibn yoonus

1.4 kPll ; h; tpl;lKila Astrolabe (njhiy Nehf;fpapd; fz;Lgpbg;Gf;F Ke;ijajhd kpfTk; Kf;fpakhd thdpay; fzpg;gPl;L cgfuzk;) ,th; gj;jhapuj;jpw;Fk; Nkw;gl;l R+hpadpd; epiyfis gjpT nra;Js;shh;. Al Fargani- my; gh;fhdp fyPgh my; k/Kdpd; thdpay; rh];jpupfspy; xUth; Astrolabe cgfuzj;ij mjd; fzpjj; jj;Jtj;jpw;fika tiue;jth;. mjdhy; kj;jpa Jz;bd; gpioahd G+Nfhs mikg;gpid khw;wpaikj;jth;. ,thpd; kpfTk; gpurpj;jp ngw;w Gj;jfkhd “Sun movement & Encyclopedia of star science on cosmography” 30 mj;jpahaq;fis nfhz;lJ. ,g;Gj;jfk;> Gtpapd; trpf;fj;jf;f ,lj;jpdsT> Gtpapd; fdghpkhdk;> thd; nghUl;fSf;Fk; Gtpf;Fk; ,ilapyhd J}uk; mtw;wpd; fdgupkhdk; vd;gtw;iw tpyhthupahf tpsf;FfpwJ. Al Zarqali-my; ]h;f;fhyp m]hh;FNay; vd INuhg;ghtpy; miof;fg;gl;lth;. 1087 ,y; kuzpj;jth;. Toleclan- thdpay; ml;ltizia jahhpj;jth;. Gtpapd; ve;j xU Gs;spapYk; gad;gLj;jf; $ba> “SAFIHA” vd;wiof;fg;gLk; juKah;e;j Astrolabe If; fz;Lgpbj;jth;. mjNdhL vz;zpylq;fh thdpay; tpsf;fTiufisAk; ekf;F toq;fpath;. Jabir Ibn Aflah - [hgph; ,g;D mg;yh`; 1145,y; kuzpj;jhh;. thd; nghUl;fSf;F ,ilapyhd tpirapid msf;fpd;w vq;Fk; nfhz;L nry;yf; $ba (thd; Nfhsj;jpid) (Celestial Sphere) ,id Kjd; Kjyhf cUthf;fpath; Nfhs Kf;Nfhztpaypy; gpurpj;jp ngw;wth;= ,g;D W];j; - Ibn Rushd ,th; gpurpj;jp ngw;w “nfhNlhgh” efu itj;jpaUk;> thdpay; rh];jphpAk; Mthh;. R+hpadpy; cs;s RtLfis(sunspots) fz;Lgpbj;jth;. (Big heaving) observatories -thdpay; Muha;r;rp epiyaq;fs;

fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


]k; ]k;

38

fyPgh k/Kd; (813-833 CE-gf;jhj;) fhyj;jpy; tho;e;j xU K];ypk; thdpay; rh];jpupjhd; Kjd; Kjyhf> epiyahfg; nghUj;jg;gl;l ghupa cgfuzq;fisAk;> Ntiyj;jpl;lq;fisAk;> mjw;Nfw;w tpQ;Qhd Ma;thsh;fisAk; nfhz;l thdpiyMuha;r;rp epiyankhd;iw epWtpdhh;. fyPgh k/Kd; fhyj;jpy;jhd; gf;jhj;jpy; tuyhw;wpd; Kjd;Kjy; cyfpd; thdpiy Muha;r;rp epiyak; fl;lg;gl;lJ vd;gJ kWf;f Kbahj cz;ik vdyhk;.. mLj;jLj;jhf 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

my;rk;khrpah rJf;fk;- gf;jhjpYk; fhrpAd; kiy – lk];f]pYk; mLj;J vy;yh K];ypk; gpuNjrj;jpYk; kwhfh th.M.ep `_yhF fhdpdhYk; rkh;fz;l; th.M>ep cYf;ngf;fpdhYk; epWtg; ngw;wd. khypf;rh`; th.M.ep ,];gfhdpYk jg;wp]; th.M.ep f]d; fhdpdhYk; mikf;fg;gl;ld.

thdpiy Muha;r;rp epiyaj;jpd; gpujhd Ntiy thdpiy ml;ltidfis jahupj;jNyahFk;. ,J (Astronomical Tables) Nfhs;fspd; epiyfs;> re;jpudpd; ntt;NtW Njhw;wq;fs; ehl;fhl;b rk;ge;jkhd Mjhuq;fis fzpg;gjw;F cjTfpd;wJ. ,J thdpay; cgfuzq;fspd; nraw;ghL gw;wpAk; tpsf;fTiufisf; nfhz;lJ. 01. fyPgh k/Kd; fhy Kjy; th.M.ep MdJ R+hpa> re;jpu thdpay; ml;ltidfisAk;> el;rj;jpug; gl;baiyAk; Nfhs;kz;ly mtjhdq;fisAk; md;iwa fhyj;jpNyNa jahupj;jJ vdyhk;. 02. rk;kh\pah th.M.ep MdJ R+HPad; re;jpud;> Nfhs;fs; kw;Wk; rpy epiyahd el; r j; j puf; $l; lk; vd;g tw;i w mtjhdpj;Jf; $wpaJ. ,g;gbahfr; Nrfhpf;fg;gl;l jfty;fis fpue;jkhf je;jth; ,g;D mgp kd;R+h; vd;w ngwpapayhsh; Mthh;. ,e;E}y; “Kd;j`hd; ]p[; / Verified Tables vd miof;fg;gLfpwJ 03. kwhfh th.M>ep 1263 ,y; <uhdpy; ,Ue;J jg;wp];- njw;Fg; gFjp tiu epWtp mikf;fg;gl;lJ. ,d;Dk; mjd; mbj;js ,bghLfis fhzf;$bajhf cs;sJ. 40000w;Fk; Nkw;gl;l E}y;fis nfhz;l xU thdpay; E}yfj;ijAk; ,J cs;slf;fpAs;sJ. mj;NjhL gpujhdkhf Gjpa thdpay; ml;ltizfis jahupj;J ntspapl;lJ.

fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


]k; ]k;

39 Nasir Al-Din-Al Tush + Quth Al-Din Al Shirasi eh]pH my; bd; my; J}\; + Fj;g my; bd; my; rpwh]p

,th;fs; jhd; thdtpy; vt;thW cUthfpd;wJ vd;gjw;fhd cz;ikahd fhuzj;ij fz;Lgpbj;j ,U gpurpj;jp ngw;w thdpayhsh;fs; Mthh;fs;. Kjyhkth;- ,y;fidl; thdpay; ml;ltizfis jahhpj;jNjhL kl;Lky;yhJ> E}w;Wf;fzf;fhd Mz;Lfshf thdpy; njd;gLfpd;w epiyahd el;rj;jpuf; $l;lg; gl;baiy jahhpj;jtUk; Mthh;. kwhfhit Nrh;e;j thdtpayhsh; xUth; rPdhTf;F mDg;gg;gl;L mq;F thdpay; cgfuzk; xd;iw cUthf;Ftjw;F cjtpdhh; vd;gJ tuyhw;W cz;ik. cYf;ngf; kd;dh;/ rf;futh;j;jp. 15 k; E}w;whz;by; jpKupl; rhk;uh[;aj;ij Mz;lth;. ,tupd; Ml;rp kj;jpa> njd;Nkw;F Mrpahtiuf;Fk; gutpaJ. ,th; xU rf;futh;j;jp kl;Lky;yhJ thdpaYk; fzpjtpaYk; fw;w Nkij Mthh;. 4. %d;W khbfis nfhz;l re;jpu> R+hpa> Nfhs; Muha;fpd;w th.M.epiyaj;ij rkh;fz;by; epWtpath;. ePz;lfhyk; epiyf;fg;ngw;w xU Muha;r;rp rhiyahfTk; thdpiy Muha;r;rp epiyaq;fSf;nfy;yhk; xU ,yr;rpidahfTk; ghupa> kpf cau;e;j> jukhd thdpay; cgfuzq;fisf; nfhz;l Qhgfhu;j;j fl;blkhfTk; rkh; fz;l th.M.epiyak; gpurpj;jp ngw;wJ. cjhuzk; ,jd; Meridian ARC ,d; Miu 50m ,];jhd;Gy; maNrhgh gs;spthaypd; $iuapd; cauj;jpw;F xg;ghdJ. Nfhzf; fUtp- Jy; y pakhf Nfhzq; f is msf; f f; $baJ. “gf; u p Nfhzkhdp”(Fakhri Sextant) 40.4m Miuiaf; nfhz;lJ.,JNt cyfpd; kpfg; ngupa NfhzkhdpahFk;. cYf; ngf; murpd; thdpay; Muha;r;rpahdJ kpfTk Jy;ypakhdJk;> kpfr; rupahdjhfTk; ,Ue;jJ. cjhuzk; Stellar Year –vdg;gLk; tUlkhdJ mtupd; fzf;Fg; gb 365 ehl;fSk; 6 kzpj;jpahyq;fSk; 10 epkplq;fSk; 8 nrf;fd;fs; mlq;fpajhFk;. ,g;Nghija fzf;Fg; gb ,J 62 nrf;fd;fs; kl;LNk $LjyhdJ vd;why; vt;thW Jy;ypakhf fzf;fplg;gl;Ls;sJ vd;gJ ghuhl;Lf;Fk; tpag;Gf;Fk; cupa tplakhFk;.

fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


]k; ]k;

40 jf;fp my;bd; -thdpay; Nkij Kf;fpaj;Jtkpf;f K];ypk; tpQ;Qhdp Mthh;.

16 k; E}w;whz;by; kpfg; ghupa xU th.M>epiyaj;ij ,];jhd;Gy;ypy; cUthf;fpdhh;. ,];jhd;Gy;ypd; Gjpa kd;duhfpa Ry;jhd; 3k; Kwhj; vd;gtNu me;j thdpiy Muha;r;rp epiyj;ij epWTtjw;F nghUshjhu uPjpahf cjtpath;. ,d;iwa etPd thdpiy Muha;r;rp epiyak; Nghd;W ,uT thid jilapd;wp mtjhdpf;ff; $ba xU thdpiy Muha;r;rp epiyaj;jpid ,];jhd;Gy; kiyAr;rpapy; epWtpdhh;. ,J ,U fl;blq;fis nfhz;ljhapUe;jJ. xd;W thdpay; E}yfkhfTk;>; njhopEl;gtpayhsh;fs; ,Ug;gplkhfTk; mike;jJ> mLj;j fl;llk;> jfp my;bd; jhkhfNt cUthf;f;pa mwpTWj;jf;$ba thdpay; cgfuzq;fspd; njhFjpiaAk; nfhz;bUe;jJ. cjhuzk; 1. cUg;ngUj;j ghupa Armillary Sphere vDk; cgfuzKk; Nfhs;fspy; epiyiaAk; Ntfj;ijAk; fzpg;gpLk;. 2. fbfhu ,ae;jpuk;. Mechanical Clock mJ kl;Lky;yhJ jfp my;bd; mstpy;yhj thdpay;> fzpjtpay; nghwpapay; E}y;fspd; fh;j;jhthfTk; tpsq;fpath;. CORDOBAN Nfhlgd;- thdpay; Nkij K];ypk;fs; cyfpd; KjyhtJ th.M.ep cUthf;fpaJ kl;Lky;yhJ rupj;jpuj;jpd; KjyhtJ nraw;if Nfhs; kz;lyj;ijAk; cUthf;fpa ngUikAk; mth;fisNa rhUk;. 19k; E}w;whd;by; Nfhlgd; vDk; tuyhw;W Nkijjhd; th.M.ep Nghd;wy;yhJ el;rj;jpuq;fs;> Nfhs;fs; thd; nghUl;fs; Nghhd;w cUtq;fis nfhz;l Planetarium vdg;gLfpd;w xU nraw;if Nfhs; kz;ly miwia cUthf;fpAs;shh;. Ibn Firnas ,g;D gph;dh]; fz;zhbahyhd Rth;fis nfhz;l nraw;if Nfhs; kz;lyj;jpid jdJ tPlb ; NyNa Mf;fpf; fhl;bath;. ,jdhy; ,uT thdj;ij njspthff; fhl;baNjhL kl;Lky;yhJ nraw;if ,b kpd;diyAk; mj;NjhL Nrh;hj;jth;. ,d;iwa nraw;if Nfhs; kz;lyj;ij xj;jjhd nraw;if Nfhs; kz;lyk; MFk;. mj;NjhL ,th; msg;nghpa vz;zpylq;fh fz;Lgpbg;Gf;fis nra;jth;. cjhuzk; gwf;Fk; ,ae;jpuj;jpd; (tpkhdk;) Kd;Ndhb> ,jdhy; kdpjh;fis thdpy; gwf;fr;

fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


]k; ]k;

41

nra;jth;. Crystal –gspq;F gbfj;ij fz;L gpbj;jth;. Nfhs; kz;lyk; ftpij> ,yf;fpak;> thdpaypy; Njh;r;rp ngw;wth;. fPuP];/fpNuf;f nkhopapy; Gyik ngw;wth;> mjdhy; fpNuf;f jj;Jt> ,ir> ifnaOj;Jg; gpujpfis nkhop ngah;j;jth;. Jujp\;ltrkhf mtupd;; jpwikfspd;> fz;Lgpbg;Gf;fspd; vr;rq;fs; mUfptpl;ld mope;J tpl;ld. 1. Astronomical Instrument/ tpz;zpay; cgfuzq;fs; K];ypk;fs; tpz;zpay; cgfuzq;fspd; fz;Lgpbg;Gf;F Kd;Ndhbfshf jpfo;fpd;wdh;. ghupa cgfuzq;fs; tbtikf;fg;gl;ljhy; jtwhd jfty;fspid ngWk; tPjq;fs; Fiwf;fg;gl;ld. lk];f]pd; tp.M.ep- NfhzkhdpahdJ. 20 mb ehw;NfhdpiaAk; 56 mb mWNfhzp(Sextant) msitAk; nfhz;lJ.(10 fhh;fis ePl;lhf mLf;fpaJ Nghd;wJ) kwhfh tp.M.ep- nghpa Armilliary Spheres IAk; Astro Labes nfhz;ljhapUe;jJ. [hgph; ,g;D mg;yh- thdpay; Nkij 1145 E}w;whz;by; kuzpj;jhh;. nfhz;L nry;yf; $ba J}f;fpr; nry;yf; $ba (Portable Celestial Sphere) thd; Nfhsj;jpid Kjd; Kjyhf cUthf;fpath;. ,J ,U thd; nghUl;;fSf;F ,ilapyhd J}uj;ijAk; tpiriaAk; msf;f gad;gLfpwJ. my;gj;jhdp Celestial Globes cUthf;fj;jpw;F fhuzfh;j;jh. mg;j; my; w`;khd; my; R+gp 903 ,y; gpwe;jhh;. K];ypk; ehLfspYk; INuhg;ghtpYk; ,g;NghJ gpurpj;jp ngw;Ws;s thd; Nfhsj;jpd; cUthf;fj;jpw;fhf el;rj;jpuf; $l;l cUtq;fisg; gw;wpa (Constellation Images) Muha;r;rp fl;Liufis jhgpj;jth;.

fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


]k; ]k;

42

tho;j;Jf; ftpij (fyhrhuf; fz;fhl;rp) vk;.vr;.vk;. w`Pk;

gpQ;Rg; gUtj;jpy; fz;fs; fz;lit gpupa %j;jk;kh $wplf; Nfl;lit fz;Kd; jpul;bf; fhl;ba fhl;rpia fz;L fz;L ehk; Ja;j;j kfpo;r;rpia vd;d ntd;Wiug;Ngd;? vg;gbAiug;Ngd;?..... fhty; tPuiu xj;j kuj;J}z;fs; fspkz; Xiyf; Fbirapy; njhlq;fp Mty; nfhs;Sk; ghd;ikapy; mike;j mj;jid fhl;rpAk; mUikNah mUik ,d;iwa rpWtu; ,isQu; Atjpfs; ,Ufz; GUtk; cau;j;jp tpae;j md;iwa fhyf; fhl;rp fyhrhuk; midj;JNk mwpe;jhu; mfk;kpfkfpo;e;jhu;. rPdb rpyk;gb Fj;Jths; ntl;L rpe;ijia ftUk; jPg;ge;j tPr;R fhybNa nfhz;L fhl;ba fhl;rpia fz;fs; kwf;FNkh?.... fz;fs; kwf;FNkh?.... tpQ;Qhd Kd;Ndhbfs; vk; K];ypk;fs; tpQ;Qhd tpj;Jf;fs; vk; K];ypk;fs; thdpay;> ngsjPf cz;ikfs; vd;W toq;fpa ,tu;fspd; 1001 fz;Lgpbg;Gfs; - tuyhwhy; vd;Wk; kiwahj cz;ik tu;j;jfu; vd;w K];ypk;fs; milnkhop ,d;dhupd; Ma;itg; ghu;j;NjhUf;Fg; GupAk; tu;j;jfuy;yu; K];ypk;fs;> thOk; kdpju;f;F tho;itf; nfhLj;jtupd; fz;L gpbg;Gfs; fhyha; mike;jd. gioik gz;ghL fyhrhuk; tuyhW gw;gy tpe;ijg; nghUl;fspd; fhl;rpfs; miynadj; jpuz;l midtUk; ghu;j;jpl... midj;ijAk; xd;W jpul;ba Kaw;rpNah tpiykjpg;gw;wit... tpiykjpg;gw;wit... tpaf;fpd;Nwd; ,tu;fis> tpaf;fpd;Nwd; ,tu;fis fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


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43 vq;fs; nrayf nrayu; mtu;fs; ,uNuhbize;j ew;rpe;jidahsu;fs; ,utha;g; gfyha; cioj;jpl;l njhz;lu;; ,d;Dk; gy;tifj; njhz;Lfs; Gupe;Njhu; midtu;f;Fk; vq;fs; Mo;kd ed;wpfs; midtu;f;Fk; vq;fs; Mo;kd ed;wpfs;

kjpiar; Rw;wpa el;rj;jpuq;fs; ePu;... Gjpa jiyKiw Gupe;jplh fhl;rpfs; vq;fs; kz;zpdpy; nfhz;Ljhd; nfhl;bdPu; jq;fkdq;fNs! jq;fkdq;fNs! cq;fs; NritAk; vq;fs; nrayfj; jiytupd; Kaw;rpAk; kf;fs; kdq;fspy; kiwANkh? vd;Wk; ahtUk; tho;fNt! eyKld; tho;fNt...

fpof;F khfhz fiy ,yf;fpag; ngU tpoh - 2014 ehl;lhu; ghly; - fdp\;l gpupT (gpuNjr kl;lk;: 1k; ,lk;> khtl;l kl;lk;: 1k; ,lk;) K`k;kJ njsgPf; ghj;jpkh `dhdh> juk; - 09 kl;/kk/ my;-mkPd; kfh tpj;jpahyak;

fpof;F khfhz fiy ,yf;fpag; ngU tpoh - 2014 ftpij vOJjy; - rpNu\;l gpupT (gpuNjr kl;lk;: 1k; ,lk;) nry;tp. vk;.N[.V. m/g;Nuh]; [kPuh kl;/kk/ kpuh ghypfh Njrpa ghlrhiy fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


44

]k; ]k; jz;zph;ntb (kUjike;jd;) mJ khu;fop khjk;. gUtfhy kioapd; ml;lfhrk; CiuNa Ko;fitj;Jtpl;lJ. fhiy Kjy; ghlrhiy tpLjpf;Fs; kidtpAld; milgl; L f; n fz; b Ue; j ehd; nghWikia ,oe;J me;jg; gioa Filia tpupj; j tz; z k; mt; T +u; r ; re;jpia Nehf;fpr; nry;y Maj;jkhNdd;. ,jidf; fz;l kidtp> ‘,e;jhq;f> re;jpapNy fUthLfs; fple;jh thq;fp thq;f’ fwpGsp xz;Lk; tukhl;LJ. mNjhl nuz;L gf;fl; gp];fl;Lk; thq;fp thq;f’ vd;W $wpdhs;. kidtpapd; thu; j ; i jfisr; nrtpkLj; j tdhf kiof;Fs; ,wq;fp el;f;fyhNdd;. gyj;j fhw;Wld; nga;Jnfhz;bUe;j ghupa ki o ia jhq; f pf; n fhs; s Kbahj me; j f; F il vd; cly; KOtijAk; eidar; nra;J vd;id eLq;f itj;Jtpl;lJ. jiyia kl;Lk; fhg; g hw; w pf; n fhz; L erP u ; ehehtpd; NjdPu;f; filf;Fs; Eioe;Njd;. ‘vd; d kh]; l u; ,e; j kiof; F s; s gioa nfhiliaAk; gpbj;Jf; nfhz;L eidQ;RNgha; thwPq;f? thq;f> thq;f> cs; N s te; J KjypNy rhwidf; fise;J ,e;jr; rhwiz khj;Jq;f’ vd;wthW mtUila rhwd; xd;iw vLj;J ePl;bdhu;. mtu; ePl;ba rhwid thq;fpf;nfhz;l ehd; mjid vLj;Jf;nfhz;L Frpdpg;gf;fk; nrd;W eide; j pUe; j rhwidf; fise; J mq;F fl;lg;gl;bUe;j fapw;Wf;nfhbapy; Nghl;Ltpl;L erPu; eheh nfhLj;j rhwid mzpe;Jnfhz;L ntspNa re;Njd;. erP u ; eheh eP l ; b a Mtp gwf; f pd; w NjdPiug; ngw;Wf;nfhz;l ehd; fz;zhbg; ngl;bf;Fs; ,Ue;j rPdp gdp]; xd; i wAk; vLj; J f; fbj; j tz; z k; Kd; d hy; Nghlg; g l; b Ue; j thq;fpy; mku;e;Njd;. kio njhlu;e;J nga;Jnfhz;Nl ,Ue;jJ.

ehd; ,e;j Cu;g; ghlrhiyf;F vq;fsJ Cu; ghuhSkd;w cWg;gpduhy; mtuJ vjpuhspf;F ehd; Ntiy nra;j fhuzj;Jf;fhf ‘jz;zpapy;yhf; fhl;Lf;Fg; Nghntd mDg;G itf;fg;gl;ltd;. Mdhy; ehd; ,e;j Ciu xU Rtu;z g+kpahff; fz; l jhy; kidtpiaAk; mioj; J te;J ,uz;L tUlq;fshf mjpguhff; flikahw;WfpNwd;. Nghf;Ftuj;J iyw; trjpfs; ,y; y htpl; l hYk; Vida njhopy; trjpfs; rhg;ghl;L trjpfs; epiwaf; fhzg;gl;ld. ghy;>japu;>Kl;il> Njd; > ,iwr; r ptiffs; jhuhskhff; fpilj;jjhy; tho;f;if re;NjhrkhNt fopfpwJ. njhlu; kioiar; rfpj; J f; n fhs; s KbahjpUe;j vdf;F Vjhtnjhd;wpy; <Lgl;Lf; fhyj;ijg; Nghf;fNtz;Lk; Nghy; ,Ue; j J. mt; N tisapw; w hd; ‘jz;zp ntb’ Qhgfk; vdf;F jpBnud Vw;gl;lJ. nts;sk; Vw;gLk; fhyq;fspy; mt;T+u; kf;fspw; rpyu; Nru;e;J Njhzpfspw; nrd;W fhLfspw; jj;jspj;J tUfpd; w khd; > kiu Nghd; w tw; i w Ntl;ilahbf;nfhz;L te;J Cu;kf;fs; kj;jpapy; gfpu;ej ; spj;J fwpg; gpur;rpidia eptu;j;jp nra;thu;fs;. ,g;gb Njhzpapw; nrd; W Ntl; i lahLtij mk; k f; f s; ‘jz;zp ntb’ vd;W nrhy;thu;fs;. jz; z p ntb Qhgfk; Vw; g l; l Jk; ehDk; c\huhNdd;. NjdPu;f;fil erPu; ehehTld; fye; j hNyhrpj; J f; n fhz; L jz; z pntbapy; ed; F gupr; r akhd jht+j;\hit re;jpf;f mtu; tPl;il Nehf;fp nts;isj;ijAk; nghUl;gLj;jhJ nry;yyhNdd;. nts; s j; j pD}Nl kpfkpf f\; l g; g l; L ele; J te; j ehd; jht+j; \ htpd; tP l ; i l mile; j Jk; jhq; n fhz; z hr; re;Njhrj;Jld; glisiaj; js; s pf; n fhz; L cs; N s nrd; N wd; . Kjypy; vd; tUifiaf; fz;l

fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


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45 jht+j;\htpd; kidtp ‘thq;f Nru;’ vd tuNtw;wgb jpz;izapy; gLj;jpUe;j fztid mirj;J> ‘,Q;rq;f> ];$y; Nru; te;jpUf;fhq;f vOk;Gq;f’ vd;dhs;. fz;tpopj;j jht+j;\h vd;idf; fz;lJk; ‘thq;f Nru;> thq;f. ,e;j nts;sj;Jf;Fs;Ns te;jpUf;fpwPq;fNs? ,g; g b cl; f hUq; f ’ vd; w gb mtu; Kd;dhy; fple;j ghia vLj;J tpupj;Jg; Nghl;lhu;. ehDk; mku;e;Jnfhz;Nld;. jht+j;\htpd; tPL mikj;jpUe;j ,lk; Nklhf ,Ue;jjhy; tPl;bDy; nts;sk; VwhJ> tPl;ilr; Rw;wp ePu; Njq;fp epd;wJ. cq;f gFjpapy; nts;sk; fLikahf ,Uf;FNk? mJ gs;sg; gFjpahr;Nr? vd tprhupj;jtu;> Vd; Nru; ,e;j kio Neuj;jpy; te;jpUf;fpwPq;f? vdf; Nfl;lhu;. ‘,d; i wf; n fy; y hk; tpLjpf; F s; N sNa Klq;fpf; fple;j ehd; erPu; ehehtpd; Njapiyf; f ilf; F NghNdd; . mq; F tr;Rj;jhd; jz;zpntbf;Fg; Nghfyhk; vd;w vz;zk; te;jpr;R mjdhy;jhd; cq;fSf;fpl;l MNyhrpf;fyhk; vd;W te;Njd;. vd;Nwd;. ‘ehDk; Nej;Jf; $l Nahrpr;Nrd;jhd;. Mdh Mf;fs;jhd; nrl;Lg;gly> ePq;f tpUk; g pdh ehisf; F f; fhyj; j hNy Nghtk;’ vd;whu;. ‘N j h z p a h U f p l ; l tpdtpNdd;.

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“Njhzpf;fh gQ;rk;> ek;Kl cJkhd; fz;lf; $g;gpl;lh NjhzpNahl tUthU” vd;W $wpatu;> “,];khnyt;itiaAk; $l; b fpl; l h ey; y J> mtd; ey; y h ,iwr;rp Nty nra;thd;. rup rup ehd; mtq;fs nrl; gz;Zwd; ePq;f xU gj;J gjpidQ;R Njhl;lhTk; ey;y fj;jp xd;Wk; vLj;Jfpl;L thq;f> vdf;fpl;NlAk; Njhl;lh ,Uf;fpwJ NghjhJ” vd;whu;. “ rup rup vLj; J f; n fhz; L thwd; ”

vdf;$wpa gb vOe;j vd;id jht+j;\ htpd; kidtp gupjh nfhz;Lte;J ePlb ; a NjdPu; rw;W jhkjkhfptpl;lJ. mLj;j ehl;fhiy Njhl;lhf;fisAk; fj;jpfisAk; vLj;Jf;nfhz;L jht+j;\ htpd; tP l ; i l mile; N jd; . mq; N f cJkhd;fd;L ,];khnyt;it Mfpa ,UtUk; jht+j;\hTld; vd;id vjpu; g hu; j ; J f; n fhz; b Ue; j du; . %tUk; NjhzpkPJ Vwpdu;. ehDk; mtu;fSld; Nru;e;J Vwpf;nfhz;Nld;. Njhzpapd; Kd;gf;fj;jpy; Vwpa jht+j;\h Jtf;if Maj;jkhfg; gpbj;jgb ,Ue;jhu;. cJkhd;fd;L mzpaj;jpy; ,Ue;jgb Njhzpia typj; J f; n fhz; b Ue; j hu; . Njhzp nts;sj;jpy; kpje;jgb gw;iwfs; nfhbfs; Kjypatw; i w ClWj; J r; nrd;Wnfhz;bUe;jJ. gj;J epkplq;fs; nrd;wpUf;Fk; Kd;dhy; ,Ue; j jht+j; \ h vOe; J epd; w thW Jtf;if ePlb ; g; gpbj;jtuhf> “Njhzpia epg;ghl;L> kiu xd;W tUtJ Nghy; ,Uf;F” vd;whu;. clNd cJkhd;fz;L rtis jiuapy; gha;r;rp Njhzpia epWj;jpg; gpbj;Jf;nfhz;lhu;. ehq;fs; MtNyhL ehyh gf;fKk; fz;fisr; Roytpl;Nlhk;. mq;F ve;jtpj kpUfKk; tUtjhfj; njupatpy; i y. vdf; F Kd;dhy; ,Ue;j ,];khnyt;itapd; KJifr; Ruz;b “kiu vq;Nf tUFJ?” vd nkJtha;f; Nfl;Nld;. “jz;zpf;Fs;Ns ele;JtUk; rj;jj;ij Nkhg;gk; Gbr;rp nrhy;YwhU Nghy” vd nkJthfr; nrhd;dhu; mtu;. “vd;d Mr;rupak;> mtu; nrhd;dJNghy ngupanjhU kiu jz;zpiu ClWj;J Kd;dhy; rw;Wj; J}uj;jpy; te;Enfhz;bUe;jJ. Njhzpia gf; f j; j pypUe; j gw; i wf; F mg; g hy; nfhz;L NghFkhW $wpa jhT+j;\h Jtf;if Kwpj;J Njhl;lhit

fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


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fhuzkhf Gjpa topfspy; nghUsPl;ly; eilngw;W tUfpd;wJ.,jw;fhf kdpjd; epk;kjpaw;W ,ae;jpu Ntfj;jpy; ,aq;fpf; nfhz;bUf;fpwhd;. rw;W Xa;ntLj;jhYk; jdf;fhd re;ju;g;gk; ifeOtpr; nrd;WtpLNkh vd;w mr;rj;Jld; cod;W jtpf;fpd;whd;. ,jdbg;gilapy; ciog;ghdJ Ruz;ly;fs; %ykhf ,lk;ngWk; tpahghu Af;jpiar; rpe;jpj;Jzuhj kf;fs; rlj;Jtj;jpd;ghy; Nkhfk; nfhz;L jq;fspd; jdpj;Jtj;ijAk; fyhrhuj;ijAk; kwe;J thOk; #o;epiyf;Fj; js;sg;gl;Ls;sdu;.cjhuzkhf rpdpkhj; jpiug;glq;fspd; jhf;fj;jpidf; Fwpg;gpl KbAk;.,tw;wpd; mwpKfj;jpdhy; gpw;Nghf;fhd Kd;khjpupfs; tpsk;gug;gLj;jg;gLtJld; nghUj;jkw;w Kiwapy; ghypay; czu;rr ; pfSk; Jhz;lg;gLfpd;wd.,tw;wpd; tpisthf Gjpa ehfuPfk; vd;w Nghu;itapy; Mghr eil>cil>ghtid vd;gd Mjpf;fk; ngw;Ws;sikapdhy; Kiwaw;w ghypay; elj;ijfSk;> gyhj;fhuq;fSk;> tpgr;rhu eltbf;iffSk; vk;kj;jpapy; ntFthf mjpfupj;Js;sij mtjhdpf;f Kbfpd;wJ.,jw;Fk; xU gb Nkw;nrd;W Mghrf; f hl; r pfspd; kypthd ,wf; F kjpg; Nghf; F k; mtw; w pDhlhd tpahghuj; je; j puKk; taJ tpj; j pahrkpd; w p ,k; k ha tiyapy; midtiuAk; rpf;fitj;Js;sJ.,jdhy; ,tu;fs; czu;r;rpfSf;F mbikfshfpa kdNehahsu;fshf khwpAs;sdu;. ,tw;wpd; Njwpa gadhf rkaq;fspd; NghjidfSk; topfhl;Ljy;fSk; Gwe;js;sg;gl;L rpdpkhf; fjhghj;jpuq;fspd; thrfq;fis Ntjthf;fhff; nfhz;L thOk; Ju;gg ; hf;fpa epiy vk;r%fj;jpy; fhzg;gLfpd;wJ.,t;thwhd epiyg;ghNl ew;gz;Gs;s rKjhak; cUthf;fk; ngWtjw;Fj; jilahAs;s gpujhd fhuzp vdyhk;. “xOf;fk; vd;gJ capupYk; NkyhdJ” vDk; rhd;Nwhupd; thf;fpw;fika ,sk; jiyKiwapdupd; xOf;fk; jw;NghJ Nfs;tpf;FwpahfpAs;sJ.Vnddpy; jw;fhyj;jpy; khztg; gUtj;jpduJ xOf;fg; gz;ghl;L tpOkpaq;fs; Kd;ida fhyj;Jld; Xg;gpLfpd;wNghJ rw;Wf; Fiwe;j fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. Kd;ida fhyj;jpy; Mrpupau;fisAk; ngupNahu;fisAk; kjpj;J ele;j ,tu;fs; ghlrhiyapd; gz;ghl;L ghuk;gupaq;fisAk; gpd;gw;wp ele;jdu;. Mdhy; ,d;W epiyik khwp guPl;iria ikakhff; nfhz;l fw;gpj;jy; Kiwikapdhy; xOf;fk; tPo;r;rp fz;Ls;sikiaf; Fwpg;gpl KbAk;. fw;wy; nraw;ghLfSld; Nru;jJ ; Gwf;fuP j ; j ; pr; nraw;ghLfspy; <LgLtjw;fhd re;ju;gg ; k; khztu;fSf;F toq;fg;gl;Ls;s NghjpYk; ,it rupahd Kiwapy; topfhl;lg;glhikahdJ xU gpd;dilthFk;.,d;W khztu;fSf;Fk; Mrpupau;fSf;Fk; ,ilapyhd cwT ntFthfg; ghjpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.,d;W flikf;fhf kl;LNk fw;gpj;jy; gzp eilngWfpd;wNj jtpu mu;gg ; zpg;ghd Nrit Nfs; t pf; F wpahfpAs; s J.,jdhy; khztu; f spd; vjpu; g hu; g ; G k; rpe;jidg; Nghf;Fk; tpj;jpahrkhff; fhzg;gLfpd;wJ.,J khztu; r%fj;jpd; fyhrhuj;jpy; Vw;gl;Ls;s gpd;ilTfSf;Ff; fhuzkhf mike;Js;sd. khztu;fs; fy;tpapYk; xOf;fj;jpYk; kl;Lkd;wp tho;fi ; ff;Fj; Njitahd rfy JiwfspYk; nrJf;fpr; nrg;gdplg;gl fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


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53

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54

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fpof;F khfhz fiy ,yf;fpag; ngU tpoh - 2014 cWg;ngOj;Jg; Nghl;b - fdp\;l gpupT (gpuNjr kl;lk;: 1k; ,lk;) nry;tp. V.vk;.vg;. kk;J}`h kl;/kk/ kpy;yj; kfspu; tpj;jpahyak;. fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


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55

fpof;F khfhz fiy ,yf;fpag; ngU tpoh - 2014 ghlyhf;fg; Nghl;b - fdp\;l gpupT (gpuNjr kl;lk;: 1k; ,lk;> khtl;l kl;lk;: 1k; ,lk;) vk;. NI. Kfk;kl; [h]py;> juk; - 6 kl;/kk/ fhj;jhhd;Fb kj;jpa fy;Y}up (Nj.gh)

#oy; fhg;Nghk; rpd;dj;jk;gp rpd;dj;jk;gp! vq;Nf nry;fpwha;? tPjpf;F nrd;W ehDq;Fg;ig tPrg; Nghfpnwd;. INah! jk;gp mg;gbnay;yhk; nra;jplhalh! R+oy; nfl;L Ju;ehw;wk; tPRNkalh! mEjpdKk; eP vwpAk; fopTfshNy KOj;njUTk; $oj;jhy; epuk;gpg; Nghr;Rlh kPo;Row;rp vd;W $wp mwpaj;je;jhYk; elf;fpd;wPu; mwptw;w %luhfNt rpf;fdkha;g; nghypj;jPidg; ghtpj;jhYNk gwe;JtUk; igfisAk; Fiwj;jplyhNk njhy;iy jUk; <f;fisAk; Esk;GfisANk xopj;jplNt gytopfSz;L ePawpthNah?

jPtpukha; gutp tUk; fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014

njhw;W Nehapdhy; kuzj;ij mQ;RfpNwhk; Rfhjhukpd;wp. Gwr;R+oy; vDkpe;j ew;nfhilapid NgzpNa fhj;jpLjy; vk;fldhFk;. (epiwT)


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56

fpof;F khfhz fiy ,yf;fpag; ngU tpoh - 2014 rpWfijg; Nghl;b - fdp\;l gpupT (gpuNjr kl;lk;: 1k; ,lk;> khtl;l kl;lk;: 2k; ,lk;) vk;. I. ghj;jpkh> juk; - 09 kl;/kk/ nkj;ijg;gs;sp tpj;jpahyak;

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57

tpl;lhu;’ vd;w nra;jp mf;FLk;gj;jpid eLeLq;f itj;jJ. mf;FLk;gj;jpw;F midtuhYk; MWjy; $w kl;LNk Kbe;jJ. yl;Rkpapd; rNfhju> rNfhjupfs; midtUk; trjpAs;stu;fs;. Mdhy; yl;Rkp kpfTk; Vio vd;gjhy; mtu;fs; jkJ FLk;gj;ij tpl;L xJf;fpitj;J tpl;ldu;. yl;Rkp vd;d nra;tnjd;W Gupahky; jtpj;jhs;. fy;gdhtpw;F taJ VO. mtSf;Fg; gpd; cs;sNjh Ie;J jk;gp> jq;iffs;. fy;gdh FLk;g epytuj;jpid Gupe;J nfhs;ths;. Mdhy;> mtsJ jk;gp> jq;iffSf;F vd;d njupAk;. mtu;fs; mk;khtplk; ‘mk;kh grpf;FJk;kh> grpf;FJk;kh’ vd er;rupj;Jf;nfhz;NlapUg;gh yl;Rkp kd NtjidAld; gf;fj;J tPLfspy; Ntiy Njbr;nrd;whs;. gf;fj;J tPl;L ru];tjp mf;fhtpd; tPl;bd; jpz;izapy; gyu; cl;fhe;J fijj;jJf;nfhz;bUe;jdu;. yl;Rkp> ru];tjp mf;fhtplk; nrd;W ‘VjhtJ Ntiy cs;sjh?’ vdf; Nfl;lhs;. ‘vdJ rNfhjuu;fs; te;jpUf;fpd;wdu;. czT rikf;f Ntz;Lk; vdf;F eP cjt KbAkh? vdf; Nfl;lhu;. epr;rakhf> Mdhy; vdf;Fk; vdJ gps;isfSf;Fk; czT juNtz;Lk;. vdf;F rikf;f cjtpdhy; epr;rakhf> vQ;Rk; czitj; jUNtd;> vd;whu; ru];tjp mf;fh. yl;RkpAk; rup vd xg;Gf;nfhz;L rikj;Jf;nfhLj;Jtpl;L vQ;Rk; cztpid jdJ tPl;bw;F vLj;J te;J jhDk; cz;L jd; gps;isfSf;Fk; nfhLj;jhs;. xU rpy ehl;fspd; gpd;du; ru];tjp mf;fh> yl;Rkpapd; tPL Njb te;jhu;. yl;RkpAk; mtupid tuNtw;W ciuahbf;nfhz;bUf;Fk; NghJ ‘yl;Rkp> cd;u Gs;is fy;gdhit vdJ jk;gp kidtp ghu;j;J tpl;lhs;> mtq;fSf;Fk; xU Gs;is ,y;yhk epiwa ehs; f\;lg;gl;lhq;f vd;gJ cdf;Fj; njupAk;….> mjdhy….. cd;l fy;gdht mTf jj;njLf;Fujh nrhy;uhq;f……!’ vdj; jaq;fpagb Nfl;lhu; ru];tjp. yl;Rkp nra;tjwpahJ jpifj;J epd;whs;. ‘xU ey;y Kbt nrhy;Y vdf;$wpa ru];tjp> cd;idAk; Rk;kh tplkhl;lhf.. cd;l kj;j ehY Gs;isfisAk; ey;yh gbf;f itf;fpwNjhL> fy;gdhitAk; mTfl Gs;skhjpup ghu;j;Jf;Fthq;f> ePAk; fLikah f\;lg;gLwha;jhNd?’ vdf;$wptpl;Lr; nrd;Wtpl;lhs;. ,q; F

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]k; ]k;

58 Nfl;Lf;nfhz;bUe;jhs;.

‘Vioaha; ,Ue;jh ngj;j Gs;saAk; tpl khl;lhq;fsh?’ vdf;$wp moj;njhlq;fpdhs; yl;Rkp. fy;gdhTk; mk;khtplk; nrd;W ‘ehd; mTfNshl NghNwd;. mk;kh jk;gp> jq;iffisAk; ey;yh ghj;Jf;Fthq;f> ehd; mtfNshl NghNwd;> vd mk;khtpd; fz;zPiuj; Jilj;jgb $wpdhs;. md;WKOf;f yl;Rkpapd; fz;fspy; fz;zPiuj;jhd; ghu;f;fKbe;jJ. NtWtop njupahky; yl;rkp> ru];tjp mf;fhtplk; nrd;W fy;gdh mtu;fNshL nry;yg;NghFk; nra;jpia $wpdhs;. fy;gdh mtu;fSld; nry;yNtz;ba ehSk; te;jJ. mtu;fSila fhupy; fy;gdhit Vw;wpf;nfhz;L nry;y mtu;fsJ fhupid nfhz;Lte;jdu;. jdJ mk;khtpd; kbapy; ePz;l Neukhf cl;fhu;e;J mOJtpl;L midtiuAk; gpupe;J nrd;whs;. jdJ GJ tPl;bid fy;gdh mz;zhu;;e;J ghu;j;jhs;. ‘,uz;L mLf;F khbtPLk;> gytifahd jsghlq;fSk;> tpisahl;Lg; nghUl;fSk; vd fhzg;gl;l mt;tPl;il fy;gdhtpw;Fg; gpbj;Jtpl;lJ. jdJ mk;khit kwe;J ePz;l Neuk; tpisahbdhs;. mtsJ GJ mk;khTk;> mg;ghTk; ,tis kpfTk; md;Gld; elj;jpdu;. ,tsJ MirAk; epiwNtwpaJ. mjhtJ> ghlrhiyf;Fr; nrd;W kw;w gps;isfisg;Nghy; ,tSk; Mu;tkhff; fw;whs;. ,tspw;F Njitahd midj;Jg;nghUl;fSk; mt;tl P b ; y; ,Ue;jd. ,t;thW> kfpo;r;rpNahLk; FJ}fyj;NjhLk; tho;e;Jte;j fy;gdhtpw;F xUjk;gpAk; jq;ifAk; fpilj;Jtpl;ldu;. Mdhy; jq;ifAk; jk;gpAk; gpwe;jjpd; gpd;du; mg;gh ,tsplk; fhl;ba md;G Fiwe;J nfhz;Nl nrd;wNj jtpu mjpfupf;ftpy;iy. ,t;tPl;by; ,tSf;F md;G fhl;LtJ mts; mk;kh kl;Lk;jhd;. ghlrhiyapy; mtSila ngau; fy;gdh vd;wJ kiwe;J ‘jj;Jg;gps;is@ vd midtUk; miof;f Muk;gpj;Jtpl;ldu;. fy;gdhtpid mtsJ mk;khtpw;Fk; gpbf;Fk;. MdhYk; kw;wtu;fisg; Nghd;W jdf;Fk; ghrk; fhl;Ltjpy;iyjhd; jdJ mk;khtpd; md;Gg;

fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


]k; ]k;

59

xt;nthUKiwAk; jk;gpf;Fk; jq;iff;Fk; kl;LNk mg;gh czT thq;fp tUthu;. mNj Nghd;W> ehisAk; thq;fp tUthu;. fy;gdhtpd; ,jak; ghwhq;fy;yhf fdj;jJ. cz;ikahd je;ijg;ghrj;jpwf ; hf fy;gdh mOjNjapy;iy. tsu;g;Gg;gps;is vd;gjhy; jhd; vd; je;ij vd;id xJf;fpitf;fpd;whu; vd epidf;Fk; NghJ gpQ;Rg;gwit rpwF cile;Jtpl;l Ntjid Vw;gl;lJ. ,g;gbahdnjhU Jauf;fzk;jhd; ek;ik tPo;j;jp tpLfpwJ. gpd; nfhd;WtpLfpwJ. jw;nfhiy nra;gtu;fs; Nfhiofsy;y. Nfhioahf;fg;gl;ltu;fs;. fy;gdh Gj;jfg; igapid vLj;jhs;. vOj Muk;gpj;jhs;. Ngdh rptg;g epwj;jpy; vOjpaJ. ‘vd; tsu;g;G mk;khtpw;F’ cq;fNky vdf;F Nfhgkpy;iy> mg;gh Nkyjhd; Nfhgk;. vd;id Vd; jj;J vLj;jPq;f. ehd; Vd; cq;f gps;isahf gpwf;fy;y. mg;gh vy;NyhuplKk; md;ghfj;jhd; cs;shu;. vd;idj;jtpu. cq;fstpl;Ll;Lg; NghNwd;kh vdJ mk;kh yl;Rkpl;lAk; ,g;gbj;jhd; nrhy;ypl;L cq;fNshl te;j kWgbAk; cq;ffpl;l nrhy;Nwd;. ehd; NghNwd;. cq;f fdtpy; tUNtd; mk;kh…. filrpah cq;fSf;F 100000 Kj;jq;fs; ‘fy;gdh’ fz;zPu;j;Jsp fbjj;jpw;F Kw;Wg;Gs;sp itj;jJ. ,lJ ifia tpupj;Jg; ghu;j;jhs;. J}f;f khj;jpiufs; nts;is clk;NghL gspr;rpl;ld. fz;zhb fpsh]py; jz;zPu; vLj;J te;jhs;. mg;ghitj;jtpu midtiuAk; ghu;j;Jtpl;Lte;jhs;. lhLitAk; $l. khj;jpiufNshL tho;itg; ghu;j;J Gd;difj;jhs;. cs;sq;ifapypUe;J xt;nthU khj;jpiuahf thapypl;L jz;zuP ; Fbj;jhs;. kuzj;ijj; jtpu fz;zhb Nghd;W kdk; ntWikahf ,Ue;jJ mtSf;F. ‘fz;zhb fpsh]py; Xuq;fs; kl;Lk; mtSf;fha; cUfp mOtJ Nghd;W Njhd;wpaJ’ Kw;Wk;.

fpof;F khfhz fiy ,yf;fpag; ngU tpoh - 2014 cWg;ngOj;Jg; Nghl;b - rpNu\;l gpupT (gpuNjr kl;lk;: 1k; ,lk;) nry;tp. Nf.vk;.vg;. ep`;yh kl;/kk/ kpy;yj; kfspu; tpj;jpahyak;. fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


]k; ]k;

60

ehDnkhU ftpQd; capuwpNad; nka;awpNad; cau;nka; naOj;jwpNad; nrhy;ywpNad; mirawpNad; nrhy;yhl;rp jhdwpNad; FwpywpNad; nebywpNad; Fw;nwOj;Jj; jhdwpNad; jisawpNad; njhilawpNad; jf;fnkhopj; jpwdwpNad; fUtwpNad; tpskwpNad; fUtpsNkh jhdwpNad; NjdwpNad; khtwpNad; Njkhq;fdp jhdwpNad; $tpoNkh GspkhNth $LtJk; ehdwpNad;

ePz;lehs; <wyij epiwNtW nkd;whf;fhy; jdpj;jdpaha; md;gspg;G jq;fSf;F ehd;jUNtd; vd;Wjpd nkz;zp vjpu;ghu;j; jiyfpd;w jk;gpaNu rw;W jkpiog; gbAq;fs; nghd;dhil G+khiy Gfo;tpUe;J ew;rhd;W mj;jidAk; NjbtUk; mtjpg;gl Ntz;lhk;fhz;.

(ghtyu; rhe;jp KifjPd;)

fhR> kyu;> gpwg;G fdtpYNk mwpNad; ehd; fypg;ghNth ntz;ghNth fspnebNyh apitnahd;Wk; vdf;Fj; njupahJ vd;whYnkhU ftpQd; ehd; CUf;Fs; vj;jidNah cUg;gbfs; mikjpnfhs;s NgUf;F Kd;dhy; ngau;Nghl;Lf; nfhz;ltd; ehd; vd;d ,Ue;jhYk; vidnaz;zp vs;shky; nghd;dh ilnahd;W Nghu;j;Jq;fs; ehd;kfpo fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


]k; ]k;

61

fpof;F khfhz fiy ,yf;fpag; ngU tpoh - 2014 fl;Liug; Nghl;b - fdp\;l gpupT (gpuNjr kl;lk;: 1k; ,lk;) vk;. NI. ghj;jpkh mg;wh;> juk; - 13 kl;/kk/ kPuh ghypfh kfh tpj;jpahyak; (Nj.gh)

khw;wq;fis vjpu;nfhs;Sk; khdpl tho;T fhyNthl;lj;Jld; njhlu;e;J nry;Yk; khdpl tho;T gy khw;wq;fisAk; jd;Dld; gadpf;fr;nra;fpwJ. mtw;iw rpwe;j Kiwapy; gad;gLj;jp rhjfkhf;fpf; nfhs;tJk; jPa Kiwfspy; gad;gLj;jp ghjfkhf;fpf; nfhs;tJk; vk; iftrNk ‘khw;wk; xd;Wjhd; tho;tpy; khwhJ epiyahf epw;ff; $baJ’ vd;w ngUk;ghyhNdhupd; fUj;Jk; r%fj;jpy; cyhtf; $baJ. ,jid ,t;tplj;jpy; epidT $u;tJ rpwg;ghdjhFk;. ,t; T yfk; gilf; f g; g l; l fhyk; Kjy; ,d; W tiu vj; j idNah khw;wq;fSf;Fl;gl;L fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. jpz;kk;> jputk;> thA Nghd;w rlg;nghUl;fshy; epiwe;J fhzg;gLk; ,g;G+kpapNy gy khw;wq;fs; epfo;e;jpUf;Fk; nghOJ mNj G+kpapy; thOk; capUs;s mjpYk; Fwpg;ghf gFj;jwpTs;s kdpjdpd; tho;tpNy vt;tsT khw;wq;fs; epfo;ej ; pUf;Fnkd;gJ vz;zpf; fzf;fpl KbahjJ. kdpjd; Muk;gj;jpy; ,g; G+kpapy; ntWk; jirg;gpz;lkhfg; gilf;fg;gl;lhd;. gpd;du; mtd; jd;id ,dg; ngUf;fpf; nfhz;L FLk;gq;fshf gy FLk;gq;fs; Nru;e;J rKjhakhfpd. ve;jnthU kdpjDk; jdpj;J tho;e;jpl KbahJ. ,JNt rKfk; cUthFtjw;F mbg;gilf; fhuzkhf ,Ue;jJ. ,t;thW rKjhakhfpa kdpjd; jdJ khdj;ij kiwg;gjw;fhfTk;> ghJfhg;ghf tho;tjw;fhfTk;> jdJ clypaw; Njitfis epiwNtw;Wtjw;fhfTk; ,aw;ifia ehbdhd;. Muk;gj;jpy; ,iy Fiofis MilahfTk; kug;nghe;JfisAk; FiffisAk; ciwtplkhfTk;> kpUfq;fisAk; gwitfisAk; Ntl;ilahb czTf;fhfTk; gad;gLj;jpdu;. ,jid Ntuhff; nfhz;L ,jpypUe;J Muk;gpj;j khw;wq;fs; jw;NghJ gy etPd MilfshfTk;> khl khspiffshfTk;> cldb czTfshfTk; khw; w kile; J s; s d. ,t; t hwhd khw; w q; f Sf; F s; rk; g pujhaq; f Sk; fyhrhuq;fSk; cs;slq;Ffpd;wd. rKfq;fs; Njhd;wpa Ntisapy; kdpjupd; Mspilj; njhlu;G fhuzkhf xUtiu xUtu; Gupe;J nfhs;s Ntz;bNal;gl;lJ. Gupe;J nfhs;sif rPuhf ,y;yhtpbd; Kuz;ghLfSk;> gpur;rpidfSk; Njhw;wk; ngw;wd. Kuz;ghLfSk;> gpur;rpidfSk; Vw;gl;l rKfj;ij xU fl;Lf;Nfhg;Gf;Fs; nfhz; L tu kak; Njhd; w paJ. rkaq; f s; %yk; rk; g pujhaq; f Sk; > fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


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62

fyhrhuKk; Njhw;wk; ngw;wd. rkaq;fs; kdpj tho;it newpg;gLj;jTk;> xOf;fj;ijg; Nghjpf;fTk; Njhd;wpait. rka tpOkpaq;fisg; NgZtjd; %yk; tho;fifia nrg;gdpl;Lf; nfhs;s KbAk;. ,jidNa ‘rkakpd;Nwy; tho;tpy;iy’ vDk; njhlu; tpsf;Ffpd;wJ. xt; n thU rkaq; f Sk; xt; n thU tpjkhd rk; g pujhaq; f isAk; > fyhrhq;fisAk; gpd;gw;Wfpd;wd. tzf;f topghl;L Kiw> jpUkzr; rlq;F Kiw> G+g;nga;jy; rlq;F> nghOJNghf;F Kiw vd;gd Muk;gfhyj;jpy; kpfTk; fz;zpakhf filg;gpbf;fg;gl;L te;jd. Mdhy; fw;fhyj;jpy;Nyh mit ‘khWjy; ,e;j [fj;jpd; KjyhtJ tpjp’ vd;w ghujpahupd; $w;Wf;fpzq;f khwp tUfpd;wJ. Muk;gj;jpy; fhyq;fspy; jkpou; gz;ghl;L tpOkpaq;fis xU jpUkz epfo;tpNyNa fz;L nfhs;syhk;. jpkzj;ij Mapuk; fhyj;Jg; gapu; vd tu;zpj;jdu;. jpUkzj;jpw;F Kjy; ehs; rlq;Ffs;> ge;jw;fhy; eLjy;> kzkfd; - kzkfs; tpisahl;Lf;fs; Nghd;wd eilngw;W ntF tpku;irahf jpUkzq;fs; eilngWk;. ,];yhkpa rk;gpujhaq;fspd; gb ngz;fs; miog;G> ngz;$l;Ljy;> tyPkh vd jpUkzr; rlq;Ffs; eilngWk;. Mdhy; jw;fhyj;jpy; ghlrhiy tpisahl;Lg; Nghl;b Nghy; xNu ehspy; jpUkzk; Kbe;J tpLtjjhfr; RUq;fptpl;lJ. ,Nj Nghy; jhd; ngz; f sJ g+g; n ga; j y; rlq; F KiwfSk; khw;wkile;Js;sd. Muk;gfhyj;jpy; xU ngz; gUt taij mjhtJ taJf;F te;jhy; rk;gpujhaq;fspd; gb kQ;rs; ePuhl;Ljy;> rj;JzTfs; cz;zf;nfhLj;jy; Fwpg;gpl;l fhyj;jpw;F tPl;bw;Fs; itj;jpUj;jy; vd;gd epfo;j;jg;gLfpd;wd. ,tw;iwg; ngz; mbikj;jdk; vdf; $WtJ khw;whd;fSila fUj;jhFk;. ,itNa r%fj;jpy; ngz;fSf;Fs;s me;j];j;ij mjpfupf;fpd;wJ. mdhy; jw;fhyj;jpNyh ngUk;ghyhd rKjhaq;fspy; ,jid myl;rpakhf epidj;J tpLfpd;wdu. mJ kl;Lky;yhky; rk;gpujhaq;fSk;> fyhrhuq;fSk; r%f tho;fi ; fNahL kl;Lky;yhky; murpay;> tpisahl;L> ,yf;fpaq;fs; Nghd;w gy;NtW JiwfspYk; Ngzg; g Lfpd; wd. Mdhy; mikAk; fhyNthl; l j; j hy; khw;wj;jpw;F cl;gl;Lj;jhd; tUfpd;wJ. ,it vkJ rKfj;jpy; fz;$L. murpay; vd;gJ kf;fs; eyDf;fhf ghLgLk; xU nranyhOq;F. mr;nranyhOq;F Muk;gj;jpy; Kiwahf topg;gLj;jg;gl;lJ. Mdhy; jw;fhyj;jpNyh [dehafk; vd;w Nghu;itf;Fs; ,Ue;J nfhz;L ru;thjpfhuk; elhj;Jk; xd;whf khwpAs;sJ. mNj Nghy; tpisahl;Lf;fspy; $l Kd;ida fhyq;fspy; nghOJ Nghf;fhf ,Ue;jhYk; rk;gpujhaq;fSk; fyhrhuKk; nfhz;ljhf fpuhkpag; gz;Gfis ntspg;gLj;jf; $bad. ,yf;fpaq;fs; Muk;gfhyq;fspy; kd;du;fsJk;> ts;sy;fsJk; tPuk;> nfhil> ehl;L tsk;> vd;gdtw;iw fhl;Ltjd; %yk; fyhrhug;ghuk;gupak; fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


]k; ]k;

63

Ngzg;gLfpwJ. vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf esntz;gh> ej;jpf;fyk;gfk; Nghd;wtw;iwf; Fwpg;gblyhk;. Mdhy; jw;fhy ,yf;fpaq;fNsh ntw;Wr; nrhw;fSld; rkfhy epfo;TfisAk;> etPdj;Jtj;ijAk; nfhz;Ls;sJ. ,t;thwhf gy;NtW JiwfspYk; khw;wq;fz;L tUk; fyhrhu> rk;gpujhaq;fs; vt;thW kdpj tho;tpy; nry;thf;Fr; nrYj;Jfpd;wd? ,k; k hw; w q; f Sf; F upa fhuzq; f s; vit? vd Muha; t J kpfTk; gad;kpf;fjhf mikAk;. rk;gpujha fyhrhu khw;wq;fSf;F kpfg; gpujhd fhuzk; ehfupf tsu;rr ; pAk; khw;wq;fSk; MFk;. kdpjdJ rpe;jidj; jpwd; ehSf;f ehs; mjpfupf;ff; $baJ. ,jd; %yk; mwpT tsu;r;rpapy; kpf;f cj;Ntfj;Jld; nraw;gLk; kdpjd; fhyj;jpw;Nfw;whw;Nghy; jdJ eil> cil> ghtid kw;Wkd;wp gof; f tof; f q; f spYk; khw; w q; f is Vw; g Lj; j pf; nfhz; l hd; Muk; g fhyq;fspy; tPl;by; eilngwtpUf;Fk; rpy tpohf;fspy; tpUe;jpdu;fis tuNtw;gjw;fhf gR ku ,iyfs;> kuq;fs; vd;gitfshy; myq;fupj;J khf;Nfhykpl;L tuNtw;gu;. ehfupf khw;wj;jpd; fhuzkhf jw;fhyj;jpy; ‘Nthu;k;yp nty;fk;’ (Warmly Welcome) vd Mq;fpyj;jpy; xU gyifapy; vOjptpl; L myq; f hu; glq; f s; Rtupy; xl; b ghuk; g upa rk; g pujha fyhrhuq;fisg; Gwf;fzpf;fpd;wdu;.

fpof;F khfhz fiy ,yf;fpag; ngU tpoh - 2014 ehl;lhu; ghly; ,irj;jy; - jpwe;j gpupT (gpuNjr kl;lk;: 1k; ,lk;> khtl;l kl;lk; : 2k; ,lk;) [dhg;. V.vy;.vk;. fhypj;

fpof;F khfhz fiy ,yf;fpag; ngU tpoh - 2014 rpj;jpuk; - jpwe;j gpupT (gpuNjr kl;lk;: 1k; ,lk;> khtl;l kl;lk; : 1k; ,lk;) jpUkjp. vr;.A.V. m]P];

Njrpa ,yf;fpa fiyg; ngUtpoh - 2014 rpNu\;l gpupT – ftpij ghly; Nghl;b – Kjyhk; ,lk; nry;tp. V.Mu;. ghj;jpkh mjPgh kl;/kk/ kPuh ghypfh Njrpa ghlrhiy> fhj;jhd;Fb.

fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


]k; ]k;

64

fpof;F khfhz fiy ,yf;fpag; ngU tpoh - 2014 ghlyhf;fk; - rpNu\;l gpupT (gpuNjr kl;lk;: 1k; ,lk;) nry;tp. V. ,n]l;. vg;. n[a;W}]h kl;/kk/ kpuh ghypfh Njrpa ghlrhiy kdpjk; kyul;Lk; Gdpjk; tsul;Lk; kz;zpy; kdpjk; kyul;Lk;! fz;zpy; fUiz ,Uf;fl;Lk;! jd;dpy; Gdpjk; tsul;Lk;! jj;Jtk; tho;tpy; epiyf;fl;Lk;! Ntw;Wik czu;T mopal;Lk;! Ntjhe;j nfhs;if xopal;Lk;! xw;Wikf; fPjk; xypfl;Lk; Xuzpapy; midtUk; Nrul;Lk;! Nerk; neQ;rpy; gutl;Lk;! ghrk; cwtpy; glul;Lk;! Ntrk; vd;Wk; fiyal;Lk;! Nfhrk; xd;wha; ,Uf;fl;Lk;! rhjpntwp ePq;fl;Lk;! ePjp newp Xq;fl;Lk;! Mjpapiw gilg;gpid midj;ijAk; xd;whf ghu;f;fl;Lk;! rhe;jp rkhjhdk; kyul;Lk;! rftho;T tho;tpy; fpilf;fl;Lk;! Rje;jpuk; vd;Wk; ,Uf;fl;Lk;! RgPr;rk; ehSk; Ruf;fl;Lk;!

fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


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65

fpof;F khfhz fiy ,yf;fpag; ngU tpoh - 2014 rpWfij - rpNu\;l gpupT (gpuNjr kl;lk;: 1k; ,lk;> khtl;l kl;lk;: 3k; ,lk;) Mjk; nyg;ig ghj;jpkh mg;fh kl;/kk/ kj;jpa fy;Y}up (Nj.gh)

mkhdpjk; “r`hdhk;kh…..” New;W G+uhfTk; vd;Dy; ,Ufpg;NghapUe;j nksdk; tpyfp…@ Kjd; Kjypy; ntspte;j thu;j;ij@ ,Njh te;jpl;ld;@ nrhy;ypf; nfhz;Nl Xb te;jts; nky;ypa %r;rpiwg;Gld; epd;W@ vd; gf;fkhf ePl;ba tyJ ifapy; filapd; rhtpf; nfhj;J@ xU rpd;d mjpu;Tld; mts; fz;fisg; ghu;f;fpNwd;. mjpy; mg;gbnahU jPu;f;fkhd njspT. vd; iffs; ,uz;ilAk; thQ;irNahl gw;wp Nklhd jd; tapw;wpy; itj;jhs;… ‘ehd; kl;Lkpy;iy. ,d;\h my;yh`;. cq;f gps;isAk; cq;fs GupQ;Rf;Fthd;@ mJ cq;f fil. mij epkpu;j;j cq;fshy; KbAk;. my;yh`;l fhtyh Nghapl;L thq;f’ nte;j neQ;ir kapypwfhy; jltp tpl;lJ Nghd;w MWjyhd thu;j;ijfs;. fz;fs; fyq;f mts; Kfj;ij epkpu;e;J ghu;f;fpNwd;. r`hdh…. vd; ,uz;lhtJ kidtp

fpilj;j ,uz;L gps;isfs;. ,UtUf;Fk; nrhj;J Nru;j;J NrhbAk; Nru;j;J@ kidtpiaAk; kf;fhtpw;F mioj;Jr; nrd;W my;`k;Jypy;yh`; vd MWjiy epidj;j NghJjhd; mgiyahf vd;tho;tpy; te;J Nru;e;jhs;. r`hdh. Kl;fSk; fw;fSkhd mts; ghijapy; mts; ngw;Wf; nfhz;l fhaq;fis mwpe;j NghJ mjpu;e;J NghNdd;. vd; kidtpiaAk; kf;fisAk; G+g;Nghy; ghJfhj;jjpy; ngz;zhfg; gpwe;jjhdhNyNa mtSf;F Vw;gl;l Nrhjidfis vd;dhy; [Puzpf;f Kbahky; NghdJ. mts; fhaq;fis Mwtpl;L fyq;fiu xd;iwf; fhl;l Ntz;Lnkd;W jhd; xU Nfhzj;jpy; Kaw;rpf;f…. mtNsh… fhaq;fSf;F kUe;jhf vd;idia Nfl;L fz;zPUld; thjhba NghJ ah my;yh`;! xU vy;iyf;F Nky; vd;dhy; kWf;f Kbatpy;iy KO kdNjhL mtsJ cwit mq;fPfupj;J nfhz;Nld;. vd; fl;Lg;ghl;ilAk; kPwp fz;fspy; Jspu;e;j fz;zPu; Jspfis jd; iffspdhNyNa Jilj;J mopj;jts;>

‘ek;gpf;if JNuhfj;jpw;F my;yh`; Kjy; kidtp Kk;jh[;@ mtNshL jPu;g;gspg;ghq;f. ePq;f vJf;F fhyq;fisg; gfpu;e;J nfhz;ljpy; fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


]k; ]k;

66 fyq;fDk; ahUf;Fk; mepahak; epidf;fhj cq;f kdRf;F vy;yhk; ey;y gbahfNt elf;Fk; Nghapl;L thq;f’ Nehtpidg;gl;l fy;igAk; r`hdhtpd; ek;gpf;if epiwe;j thu;j;ijfisAk; Rke;jgb ntspNawpNdd;. nkhj;jkhf 5 tUlq;fs; njhopYf;Fg; Nghf Ntz;Lk; vd;w vz;zj;NjhL vOk;gp gugug;ghf ntspf;fpl;L gazk; nra;tij jtpu;j;J mikjpahf epk;kjpahf kdjpw;Fg; gpbj;j khu;f;f tplaq;fspy; <Lgl;L nghOJfis fopj;Njd;. vy;yhNk Kbe;J tpl;lJ. ePz;l ngU%r;nrhd;Wld; gpujhd tPjpia vl;ba vdJ thfdk; kl;lf;fsg;ig Nehf;fpa jdJ gazj;ij njhlu;e;jJ. vj;jidNah jlitfs; ,Nj ghijahy; ,Nj thfdj;jpy; Ngha; te;J jhd; ,Uf;fpd;Nwd;. Mdhy; ,ijg; Nghy; fdj;j neQ;irr; Rke;jgb gazk; nra;jNj ,y;iy. vdJ gazk; Kd;Ndhf;f epidTfNsh gpd;Ndhf;fp efuj; njhlq;fpaJ.

‘nuhk;g f];lg;gu;uk; `h[pahu;. tapj;Jf;F NrhWk; cLf;f JzpAk; FLj;jhg; NghJk; mtndz;lhYk; cq;f filapy nghor;rpf; fplf;fl;Lk;’ fz; fyq;fpa jhaplk; kWehNs tur; nrhy;yp topaDg;gp itf;fpd;Nwd;. kW ehs; tpbfhiyapNyNa fjT jl;b gbNawpatid ,Ug;ghl;b tapW epiwa rhg;gpl nfhLf;Fk; gb Kk;jh[plk; nrhy;Yfpd;Nwd;. rhg;gpl;Lf; if fOtp Vg;gk; tpl;lJjhd; jhkjk; Rw;wpr; Rod;W mtd; nra;j Ntiy ntl;bfspy; ehd; kl;Lky;y Kk;jhN[ Mbg;Nghdhs;. ‘\;\h… vd;d mUikahd nghbaq;f tsT $l;b kuk; kl;lf;nfhy;yhk; jz;zp Cj;jp Vdk; rhkhndy;yhk; fOtp fhiyapy cs;s Nty xz;ilAk; cly;yq;f. vy;yhj;ijAk; Kbr;rpl;lhd;. Mz; njhizapy;yhj cq;fSf;F nuhk;gTk; cjtpah ,Ug;ghq;f. Ms cl;LwhjPq;f.’ Kk;jh[; nrhy;y KjNy vdJ tpahghu %is mtidf; fzf;nfLj;J tpl;lJ. nfl;bf;fhud;@ nfhQ;rk; c\huhf;fpa M] hj; vd;idNa fzf;Fg; gz;Zthndd;W ahu; fz;lhu;fs;.

‘M]hj;…’ xl;ba tapWk; fyq;fpa fz;fSkhf jdJ jhAld; vdJ tPl;Lg; gbNawpa NghJ…@ mtDf;F taJ Xb Mb nra;Ak; NtiyfspNyNa gjpide;J vd;why; ahUNk xU tUl nghOijf; fopj;jtd; ek;gkhl;lhu;fs;. tWikAk; grp tPl;by; filapy; kl;Lky;y> gl;bzpAk; mg;gb mtidf; mf;fk; gf;fj;jpYk; mg;gbnahU fopj;Jg; Nghl;bUe;jJ. $lg; ey;y ngaiu thq;fp tpl;lhd;. gpwe;j Mz; nrhe;jq;fSkpy;yhky; ‘`h[pahUf;F nflr;rpUf;fhd; ngw;nwOe;j Mz; thuprkpy;yh ghUq;f xU nghbad;. ehDk; Vq;fpf; fple;j vd;dhy; VNdh tU\f;fzf;fh NjLwd; te;J mtid epuhfupf;f Kbatpy;iy. fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


]k; ]k;

67 xU khrj;Jf;F Nky jhf;Fg; gpbf;fhDfs; ,y;yNa. nghbad; Nju;uj;jpyNa nghOnjy;yhk; NghapLJ’ mq;fyha;g;gtu;fs; mj ,jr; nrhy;yp M]hj;jpd; ‘kdij’ fiyj;Jtplf;$lhnjd;gjhy; mtNdhL Nru;j;J mtdJ FLk;gj;ijAk; ftdpj;Jf;nfhz;Nld;. ehd; vjpu;ghu;j;jJf;Fk; NkyhfNt filf;Fj; Njitahd nghUl;fspd; nfhs;tdT tq;fp nfhLf;fy; thq;fy; vd tpahghu EZf;fq;fisnay;yhk; M]hj; ntFrPf;fpukhf fw;Wf;nfhz;lhd;. fhyk; ahUf;Fk; fhj;jpUf;fhky; efu vd; fz;Kd;dhNyNa tsu;e;J tsu;e;J thypgdhd vd;$lg; gpwf;fhj nrhe;jkhfNt kdRf;Fs; tupe;J nfhz;Nld;. xd;W ghu;j;jhw;Nghy Muk;gpj;J vdJ ,uz;L ngz;kf;fspd; tPl;L Ntiyfs; njhlu;e;J fypahz Vw;ghLfs;… M]hj; gfy; nghOnjy;yhk; filapy; khubj;Jtpl;L te;jhYk; ,utpy; epj;jpiu Xa;ntd;W nfhQ;rk; $l mrukhl;lhd;. vy;yhtw;iwAk; ,Oj;Jg; Nghl;Lf;nfhz;L nra;thd;. ehd; jhd; ‘,jg;ghU M]hj; ehisf; fhiyapy nghONjhl vOk;gp flaj;njhwf;fg; NghfDk;. ,njnay;yhk; ghu;j;Jf;f ,Q;r Ms; Ngupy;yah..? Ngh… Ngha; nfhQ;rk; Neuk; fz;zrU’

xU thu;j;ij kwj;Jg; Ngrkhl;lhd;. fypahzKk; if$b te;J MWkhj ,ilntspapy; mLj;jLj;J vd; ,uz;L ngz;fSf;Fk; epfo;j;jg;gl;l tpNr\q;fs;… vd; nghWg;Gf;fspnyy;yhk; xU Jsp $l Fiwapy;yhky; gq;nfLj;Jf; nfhz;l M]hj;ij tPl;by;@ filapy; kl;Lky;y vd; fy;gpYk; ,Uj;jpf; nfhz;Nld;. ngUk; nghWg;Gfnyy;yhk; Kbe;J kidtpAld; `[; gazk; ntspf;fpl;l gpd;jhd;… ‘M]hj;> my;yhl ehl;lg;gbjhd; vy;yhk; elf;Fk;. vdf;F Mz; Gs;isnahd;l juy;yNad;D vd;tsNth rQ;ryg;gl;Nld;. my;`k;Jypy;yh`;> my;yh`; cd;id milahsk; fhl;bl;lhd;. ,e;jh ,j tyJ ifahy thq;fpf;f. filf;Fupa vy;yhr; rhtpAk; ,jpyjhd; ,upf;fp. cd;d ngj;j Gs;sahl;lk; nedr;rp ngUk; nghWg;g je;jpl;ld;. ,d;ilf;F vd;l fy;G g+g;Nghy Mapbr;rp. ehsf;fp ehq;f gazk; ntspf;fpu;uk;. kj;jgb vy;yhNk my;yhl mkhdpjk;’ nrhy;yptpl;L Gwg;gl;l ehq;fs; rfy nrsfupaq;fSlDk; tzf;f topghLfis Kbj;J tpl;L Cu; jpUk;gpNdhk;. vd;Ndhl fil rpy;yiwf; filf;Fupa nghUl;fis nkhj;jkhf thq;ff; $ba N`hy;ry; fil. mjd; gpwF filf;F ehd; Nghftpy;iy. kl;lf;fsg;g gf;fk; VJk; mYty; rYty; ,Ue;jhy; kl;Lk; filg;gf;fKk; xU eil Ngha; ghu;j;Jtpl;L tUNtd;.

ehd; nrhd;dhy; kl;Lnkd;d cjl;Lf;Fs; xU rpupg;Gld; jiyahl;bf; nfhs;thd;. vd; vjpupy; fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


]k; ]k;

68 mt;tsTjhd; M]hj;jhd; tpuy; Edpapy; filapd; fzf;F tof;Ffis itj;jpUe;J xt;nthU fpoik KbtpYk; vd;dplk; te;J xg;G tpj;J tpl;Lg; Nghthd;. Cupd; ed;ik jPik khu;f;f tplaq;fspy; vdJ ftdj;ij nrYj;jpf; nfhz;bUe;j NghJ jhd; r`hdhTk; vd; tho;tpy; te;J Nru;e;jhy;. ,uz;lhtJ jhunkd;whNy vjpg;GfSf;Fk; FiwtpUf;fNj. Kk;jh[{k;> Kk;jh[pd; FLk;gj;jpdu;fSk; xU gf;fk; neUl… ntWk; thia nky;Yk; Cu;g;Gwk; Nghf;Ffspd; Fju;f;fkhd fijfs; xU gf;fk; neUl… gpio nra;jhjhy; jhNdh jiyFdpa Ntz;Lk;.. vk; ngUkhdhu; ehafk; (]y;) mtu;fspd; eilKiwapy; xd;iwg; Ngzp mgiy xUj;jpf;F tho;T nfhLj;jpUf;fpNwndd;w me;j xU jpUg;jpNa njk;igj;ju… ,njy;yhtw;Wf;Fk; Kfk; nfhLj;jjpy; ehl;fs; efu;e;jNj njupatpy;iy. ‘GJ tPl;Lf;F FbNghwd; Kjyhsp ePq;f FLk;gj;Njhl fz;bg;gh te;jpUq;f…’ miog;gpjo; ePl;ba M]hj;ij g+upg;NghL ghu;f;fpd;Nwd;. mtd; tPL fl;LtJ Vw;fdNt vdf;Fj; njupe;j tplak;. mioj;j jpdj;jd;W re;Njh\j;Jld; r`hdhitAk; $l;bf;nfhz;L nry;fpd;Nwd;. cz;ikapNyNa mtu; fl;ba tPL mg;gbg; ngupjhf ,Uf;Fnkd;W ehd; vjpu;ghu;fNtapy;iyjhd;.

nfhQ;rkh Nrkpr;R rPl;Lf;fl;b fld; cld; thq;fpj;jhd; tPl;l Kbr;nrLj;jd;’ M]hj; ftiyNahL te;jtu;fsplk; Mjq;fg;gl;Lf; nfhz;lJ vd; fhjpYk; tpOe;jJ. ‘mtd; nfl;bf;fhud;…’ Gsfhq;fpjj;NjhLjhd; tpUe;jpy; fye;J nfhz;L tPL te;J Nru;e;Njd;. ,ilapy; gs;spthry; Cu;Ntiynad;W Xbj;jpupe;jjpy; ,uj;j mOj;jk; nfhQ;rk; mjpfkhfp itj;jparhyapy; ,Ue;J Xa;T vLf;Fk; gbAk; Mfptpl;lJ. ghu;f;f te;j ,drdj;jpy; vdJ kl;lf;fsg;G filf;fUfpy; filitj;jpUf;Fk; ez;gu;fs; mury; Guryhf fijj;jij fzf;nfhLf;fhtpl;lhYk; ehd; neUq;fpg; goFk; kf;fPd; `h[pahu; ‘fG+u;! vd;dhyAk; ek;Ngyhkj;jhd; nflf;F> kdprd; fij;f;fpw fj cz;l fhjpyAk; cohk cl;bupf;fh> ,td; M] hj;jpl Nghf;Nf rupapy;yhlg;gh. CL fl;bg; Nghl;lhd;. fhu; thq;fp Xu;uhd;. Nfl;lh@ $l;lhspl fhnuz;L nrhy;whd;. Nghf;nfy;yhk; ngUk; Nghf;fhj;jhd; nflf;F. eP ngj;j Gs;sag; Nghy nedr;rpl;l vJf;Fk; nfhQ;rk; …………………………………. kf;fPd; `h[pahu; nrhd;dij KOtJkhf vd;dhy; epuhfupf;f Kbatpy;iy. Vndd;why; mtu; vy;NyhiuAk; Nghy ,y;iy. vijAk; ftdpd;fhky;> Nahrpf;fhky; fijf;fNt khl;lhu;. vd; kdrpYk; fWj;jg;

‘nghk;Gsg; Gs;sf;fp thg;ghthapl;Nldpy;iyah? nfhQ;rk; fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


]k; ]k;

69 Gs;spnahz;W tpOe;Jtpl;lJ. r`hdh cz;lhfp ,Uf;fpwhs; vd;w re;Njh\khd nra;jpNahLjhd; itj;jparhiyapypUe;J tPL te;J Nru;e;Njd;. re;Njh\nkd;why; mg;gbnahU re;Njh\k;. Mz; Foe;ijnahd;wpd; Kfk;jhd; FWFWntd vd;kdnky;yhk; Xbf;nfhz;bUe;jJ. kWgbAk; flikAk;> nghWg;gzu;r;rpAk; $btpl;lJ Nghd;wnjhU czu;T. kidtpf;Fk; kfSf;Fk;nkd;W gpupj;Jf; nfhLj;jjpy; vdf;nfd;W ngupjhf vJTNk vd;dplk; ,Uf;ftpy;iy. Nghw Jdpahtpy ekf;nfjw;nfd;W tpl;LtplNld;. r`hdhitAk; Kfk; njupahj me;jg; gpQ;R capiuAk; gilj;jtd; vd;dplk; mkhdpjkhfj; je;Jtpl;lhd;. mtu;fisAk; ghJfhf;f Ntz;Lnkd;w vz;zk; NkNYhq;Fk; Nghnjy;yhk; njhopiyg; gw;wpa ftiyAk; kdRf;Fs; Fkpo;tpl;Lg; NghdJ. nlhf;lupd; xU khrk; fz;bg;ghf Xa;ntLf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;w fl;lis vd;id fl;bg;Nghl epkp\q;fis vz;zpagb fhj;jpUe;Njd;. md;W rdpf;fpoik> r`hdhTk; tPl;bypy;iy. xt;ntW thuKk; te;J me;jf; fpoikf;Fupa fzf;F tof;Fis ‘gf;fh’thf xg;gilj;Jg; NghFk; M]hj; md;W Neufhyj;NjhilNa vd;idj; Njb te;Jtpl;lhd;. ‘,d;ilf;fp nfhQ;rk; Ntiyapupf;fp Kjyhsp mjhd;..’ vd;W $wp me;jf; fpoika nfhLf;fy; thq;fy; ,Ug;G vLg;ngd;W rfyijAk; xg;gilj;j NghJ

vdJ kdk; xU fzk; tprpj;Jg; NghdJ. ehiyQ;R tU\khg; nga;j;J ,J tiuf;Fk; xU rjk; $l e\;lk; fhl;ltpy;iy. vg;NghJk; Nghy yhgfukhj;jhd; njhopy; Xbl;bupf;fp… gpwF vq;fhy nfhs;isabf;fpw… fsntLf;fpw. kdp\d;l fijf;fpg; nghwj;jhy Nghdh ek;kl %sjhd; Fok;gpg; NghFk;. M]hj; Nghd gpwFk; rpy epkplq;fs; NahrifapNy ,Ue;j ehd; jw;nrayhfj; jpUk;gpa NghJjhd; mijf; fz;Nld;. ‘\h… Kf;fpakhd rhkhd cl;Ll;Lg; Nghapl;lhd;lg;gh> vdJ mDjhg vz;zk; KbAk; Kd;Ng me;j ifj;njhiyNgrp upq;Nlhd; miof;f…@ M] hj;jhd; Nghd; vq;Nf ,Uf;nfd;L cWjpg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;s miof;fpd;;whdhf;Fk; vd;W rl;nld;W Nghidj; J}f;fp ‘Md;’ gz;ZfpNwd;. ‘`Nyh M]hj;jhNd’ vd;W Nfl;l Fuy; ehd; gjpy; nrhy;y KjNy ksks vd;W nfhl;ba thu;j;ijfs;…! ah my;yh`;. me;j epkplk; vdf;Fs; Vw;gl;l gpusaj;ij tbj;jpl thu;j;ijfs; fpilf;Fkh? my;yh`; mstpy; mkhdpjg;gLj;jp xg;gilj;j xU njhopy; epUthfj;jpy; ,t;tsT mw;Gjkhf MNuhf;fpakhf nfhs;isabf;f vg;gb mtDf;F kdR te;jJ. ,yl;rf;fzf;fpy; nfhs;Kjy; nra;ag;gLk; nghUl;fSf;F nfhkp\d; itj;J tpiyNgrp mtNd juFf; $yp ngw;Wf; nfhz;L nghUl;fis

fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


]k; ]k;

70 nfhs;tdT nra;fpd;whd;. me;j tpguq;fs;jhd; ehd; ifj;njhiy Ngrpapy; Nfl;lnjy;yhk;. ngj;j Gs;isahl;lk; epidr;rp mkhdpjkhf xg;gilj;NjNd… jhNahl Kiyg;ghiyNa tpiy Ngrp tpj;j fzf;fh MapLr;Nr! mtd; fl;ba tPL… thq;fpa fhu; vy;yhtw;wpd; Kbr;Rk; xt;nthd;whf mtpo ek;gpf;if JNuhfk; je;j mjpu;r;rpapy; rha;kidapy; epiy Fiye;J rupfpd;Nwd;. Ie;J tUlq;fspd; gpd;G KOtJkhf filapy; ehd; fopj;j Kjy; ehs;> k`;upg; njhOifia Kbj;J tpl;L filiag; G+l;b rhtpia ,Lg;gpy; nrUfpathW CiuNehf;fp jpUk;GfpNwd;. fhj;jhd;Fb tuNtw;G Eiothapypy; mg;gbnahU mlq;fhj rdj;jus;.. gygf;fj;jhYk; ntbf;Fk; gl;lhRr; rj;jk;… xU topapdhYk; cs; Eioa Kbahj epiyapy; epd;W fhiy epyj;jpy; Cd;wp epjhdpf;fpd;Nwd;. rdj;ijAk; N`h;… ntd;w ,iur;riyAk; jtpu vJTNk Gupatpy;iy gf;fj;jpy; njhg;gpazpe;J vd;idg; NghyNt fhj;J epd;wtiug; ghu;j;Jf; Nfl;fpd;Nwd;. vd;d `h[pahu; Cupy vd;d tpN\ rk;? vd; Nfs;tpf;Fg; mtu; vd;id Vw ,wq;fg; ghu;g;gJ vdf;fj; njupe;jJ. vd;d njupahjJ Nghyf; Nff;fpwPq;f. ek;kpl mf;uk; jk;gp vyf;n]d;y epz;L ntz;lhUjhNd… mtUf;F me;j khjpupahd #g;gu; kpdp];lu; Ngh];;l; xz;l ftu;nkd;l; nfhLj;jpUf;F… mj Cu;y nfhz;lhlj;jhd; ,e;j

jlGly;. ,g;g kpdpl;lu Cu;tykh $l;bl;L tUthq;f.. vdf;F cz;ikapNyNa murpanyy;yhk; mjpfk; njupahJ. mj Nahrpf;fpu mf;fiwapy;iy. Rk;kh cU Ngr;rf;fhfj; njhlu;e;Njd;. me;j fzf;nfhy;yhk; fl topa vOjg; NghuhNu `haj;Jf; fye;ju;> mtu;u filrp kfd;jhNd mf;uk;… \;… rj;jk; Nghl;L mtu;u Ngu mg;gpbr; nrhy;yhjPq;f. ePq;f nrhy;wnjy;yhk; gioa fhyj;J milahsk;. ,g;g kpdp];lu;u thg;gh. thg;ghl fzf;F toq;fy; ek;gpf;if itr;R mj;jpd nrhj;Jgj;ijAk; kfd; thg;ghl Ngu;yjhd; thq;fpg; Nghl;bUf;fhU. mtu; gae;j rhq;fj;ijg; ghu;j;J njhz;ilf;; Fopf;Fs; rpf;fpa vdJ mLj;j re;Njfk; vdJ mDkjp ,y;yhkNyNa ntspapy; te;J tpl;lJ. vk;.gp kp];lu; khUf;nfy;yhk; me;jsT nrhj;J Rfk; Nru;f;fpw khjpupah murhq;fk; rk;gsk; nfhLf;FJ. vd; epahakhd re;Njfj;ij mtu; vd;d khjpup vLj;Jf; nfhz;lhNuh tpOe;J tpOe;J rpupf;fj; njhlq;fpatu; me;j rpupg;G khwhkNyNa.. vd;dq;f ePq;f murpay; epytuNk njupahj Msh ,Uf;fpwPq;f. Cupyjhd; ,Ue;jpq;fsh.. ,y;y… ntspehl;by vq;fahr;Rk; ,Ue;jpl;L te;jPq;fsh? murhq;fk; nfhLf;fpw rk;gsj;ij vjpu; ghu;j;J murpay; gz;z vtd; tUthd;….

fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


]k; ]k;

71 mgptpUj;jp mJ ,J vd;W xt;nthUj;jUf;Fk; xJf;fg;gLk; Ntiyj;jpl;lq;fs; eilKiwg; gLj;jpUg;Ngh nfilf;fpw nfhkp\ Nd NghJNklg;gh nrhj;J Rfnkd;d Rtu;f;fj;ijNa thq;fyhk;. fd;dj;jpy; Xq;fp miwe;jijg; NghypUe;jJ mtupd; gjpy;. mw;Gjkhd MNuhf;fpakhd nfhs;is ey;yjh nfl;ljh? kf;fSf;f gpuNahrdg;gLkh ,y;iyah? vd;gijg; gw;wpnay;yhk; ftiyg;glhky; mkhdpjkhf xg;gilj;j cilatDf;Fk; njupahky; ahu; nfhkp\d; mjpfkhfj; jUfpd;whu;fNsh mtu;fsplNk nghUl;fis nfhs;tdT nra;j M]hj; vd; Qhgfj;jpy; te;J Nghdhd;. ngw;w jhapd; Kiyg; ghiyNa jpUb tpw;Fk; fatu;fs;… j;J}..! khdrPfkhf fhwp ckpo;fpNwd;. vdf;fpg;NghJ murpaYk; Gupe;jJ. ehd; Nghl;l Nthl;bd; ngWkjpAk; Gupe;jJ.

njhlu;fpd;Nwd;.

epiwT mkhdpjk; - nghWg;Gf; $wy; fy;G – kdk;

mkhdpjkhf xg;gilg;gjpy; Nkhrk; nra;J ek;gpatu;fis Vkhw;Wtnjd;gJ rhjhuz tplakh? me;j typAk; ntjidAk; ek;gp Vkhe;jtu;fSf;Fj; jhd; njupAk;. rdj; jpuSk; rj;jKk; XusT tpyf thfdj;ij ];lhu;l; gz;zp Kd;Ndhf;fp nrYj;JfpNwd;. ePjpahd Neu;ikahd kdpju;fisj; Njb kdk; mq;fyha;j;J Jbf;fpwJ. fw;gid fhZk; vdJ rpd;d kfdpd; gpQ;Rf; fuq;fs; ek;gpf;ifNahL gw;wpf; nfhs;s vd;id miof;f… ehisa tpbtpy; epr;rak; ey;yJ elf;Fnkd;w ek;gpf;ifNahL tPl;il Nehf;fpa vdJ gazj;ijj; fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


]k; ]k;

72

fpof;F khfhz fiy ,yf;fpag; ngU tpoh - 2014

ftpij - jpwe;j gpupT (gpuNjr kl;lk;: 1k; ,lk;) jpU. vk;.vk;. wRy;\h

may; tPl;L me;epau;fs; nrhe;jk;fs; vd;W nrhy;yp neQ;rj;jpy; itj;jtu;fs; ez;gu;fs; vd;W nrhy;y ek;NkhL ,Ue;jtu;fs; Ntw;Wik fz;ljdhy; ntWikaha; fijj;jhNuh? xz;L nuz;L tU\k; Nghf xj;jUNk $l ,y;y nts;is Kb ntspa tUk; NtjidAk; $l tUk; ituhf;fpak; itr;rfhs te;j gad; xz;Lkpy;y may;tPl;L me;epau; Nghy; vj;jd ehs; NgRtpq;f mj;jd ehs; fhj;jpUf;f vOjp itr;r tho;f;f ,y;y ,g;gTNk KbQ;rpwyhk; me;epauhd gazkJ…

fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


]k; ]k;

73

fpof;F khfhz fiy ,yf;fpag; ngU tpoh - 2014 ghly; Mf;fk; - jpwe;j gpupT (gpuNjr kl;lk;: 1k; ,lk;> khtl;l kl;lk; : 3k; ,lk;) vr;.vk;.vk;. ,g;wh`Pk; (ej;tP) jpwe;j gpupT – ghly; Mf;fk; ,uhfk; - mk;kh vd;wiof;fhj capupy;iyNa my;yh`; vd;wiof;fhj ehtpy;iyNa my;yh`;it Gfohj nghUspy;iyNa vk;ik Mf;fp vd;Wk; fhf;Fk; ty;y ,iwad;wp Ntnwhd;W VJ? clyhf;fp> capuhf;fp> Mzhf;fp> ngz;zhf;fp capuhf;fp itj;NjhNd ePjhdy;yh`; fz;zhf;fp xspahf;fp> fhjhf;fp xypahf;fp vidahSk; ty;NyhNd ePjhdy;yh`; ifje;J> fhy;je;J> flikfs; ehd; nra;a mUs; nra;j ty;NyhNd vd; ehaNd cau;e;jhYk; jho;e;jhYk; ve;ehSk; ehDe;jd; mg;jhf tho;fpd;w tuk; jhUNk mij ePNa…. mUs; thNa…. ,skq;if> gps;isfs; khzpf;fk; kidthry; ,it ahTk; cd; md;Gf;fPlhFkh? jiykPJ kiy rupe;J tpOe;jhYk; cile;jhYk; cd; ehl;lk; ,y;yhky; elf;fhjy;yh`; Inuz;L khjq;fs; jha;tapw;wpy; viditj;J eP fhj;j ngUq;fhty; mwpNady;yh`; gjpehd;F cyfq;fs; tho;e;jky;fs; nra;jhYk; eP nra;j mUSf;F <lhFkh? my;yh`;Nt… cau;e;NjhNd…. czT+l;br; rPuhl;b> czu;T+l;b mwpT+l;b topfhl;b tsu;j;jtNd ePjhdy;yh`; cidaupAk; khu;f;fj;ij ,jaj;jpy; itj;Njnad; ,jaj;ij jpwe;jtDk; ePNa my;yh`; nksj;jhFk; NtisapNy fypkhit ehd; nkhopa khrf;jp je;J mUs;Gupthay;yh`; egptopapy; ehd; nrd;W cd; r%fk; ehdila Gtp tho;tpy; mUs;thNa ahw`;khNd cd;dhNy…. te;NjNd….

fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


]k; ]k;

74

fpof;F khfhz fiy ,yf;fpag; ngU tpoh - 2014 rpWfij - jpwe;j gpupT (gpuNjr kl;lk;: 1k; ,lk;> khtl;l kl;lk; : 1k; ,lk;) jpUkjp. vk;.vk;. ck;K erPyh

‘kW gf;fk;’ “fPr;.... fPr;..... fPr;......” tstpd; Kiyapy; Nghlg;gl;bUe;j kuf;Fw;wpapd; Nky; mku;e;jpUe;j Rikah jha;f; NfhopAld; ,iu nghWf;fpf; nfhz;bUe;j FQ;Rf; Nfhopfspd; re;Njh\j;Jld; xd;wpg; Ngha; ,Ue;jhs;. fWg;Gk; nts;isAkhf cs;sq;if mstpy; jha; fpz;bf; nfhLj;j kz;zpy; jPidg; nghWf;fpf; nfhz;L rpd;df; fhs;fs; jiuapy; gl;Lk; glhkYk; gwe;J nfhz;Lk; jhAlNd jpupe;j FQ;Rfisg; ghu;f;Fk;NghJ mts; kdRk; g+g;Nghyhfp tpl;lJ.

fhzhl;b Gl;l fpl;l js;syhk;.....” nrhy;ypf; nfhz;Nl $ilf;Fs; fj;jup ntz;bnad;W fha;fwpfisnay;yhk; mLf;fp> Nkyhy; ty;yhiu> nghd;dhq;fhzp Nghd;w. fPiufisAk; gug;gpf; nfhz;L thry; Nfw;wbf;Fg; Nghdts; epd;W>

“ehd; Nghdhg; nghwF fzf; nfLf;f mJf; nfz;L ahuhr;Rk; te;jhq; nfz;lh ntspapy itr;Nr gjpndhU Kl;l itr;rp gjpndhd;Dk; gjpndhd;dh nghupr;rpbr;rp. my;yhl fhtyh gjpiyr; nrhy;Y. Ntw Vjhr;Rk; Nfl;lhq;nfz;lh xd;Dk; $yhfy;y. Kl;ljhd; vd;d ck;kh te;jJf;Fg; nghwF tpyah tpf;FJ. ehl;L Kl;l gj;J &th. thq;nfz;L nrhy;Y. 1 nghupr;r FQ;rpy xU MNuO ehl;Lf; te;J thry; fjt ey;yh Nfhopah te;jhYk; NghJNk> nuz;l rhj;jpf;f.” rhtYf;F kpupf;fpwJf;F cl;Lg; Nghl;L kj;jj mWj;jhf;fpj; jpd;dyhk;......” ,njy;yhk; jpdrup nrhy;Yk; fzf;Fg; gz;zpa gbNa Nfhopf; $l;ilj; rq;fjpjhndd;whYk; jpwe;J tpl;l Rikahtpd; ck;kh mtisg; mnjd;dNkh Rikahtpd; ck;khf;F jpUg;jpNa ghu;j;J> “,Q;r ghU....! mq;fhy ,q;fhy Vw;glhJ. mtSk; efu;e;jpuhj fLtndy;yhk; jpupAJ. me;j taij jhz;b fz;Zy kz;zj; J}tpl;L nfhz;L te;jtshr;Nr. vd;dndd;d NghapLk;. S`{U (kjpaj; njhOiff; ,lu;fis re;jpj;jhNsh? Fupa Neuk;) kl;by Vj;jp mlr;rpg; Nghl;L tpba nts;sd Mf;fpd fwp #lhf;fp... xU thoh ntl;bahd kfis jdpNa tpl;Lg; Nghw %D Rz;L mupirAk; mupr;rpg; Nghl;LU.... kdr;RikiaAk; Nru;j;Jj; uhitf;Fk; gfiyf;Fkh fplf;Fk;. fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


]k; ]k;

75 J}f;fp jiyapy; Rke;jgb Njhdhr; re;ijia Nehf;fp eilia fl;bdhs;. ck;kh nrhd;d gbNa thry; fjit ,Wfr; rhj;jp tpl;L kuf;Fw;wpd; kPJ te;jku;e;j Rikah nehbf;nfhU juk; gf;fj;J tPl;L NtypapNyNa fz;izg; gjpj;J vLj;jhs;. tpid thry; fjthy; kl;Lky;y gf;fj;J tPl;L NtypahYk; tUnkd;gJ ghtk; Rikahtpd; ck;khf;F njupahkNy Ngha; tpl;lJ. xU gj;Jg; gjpide;J epkp\k; fopj;jpUf;Fk;.....> Ntypnah ukhff; Nfl;l “];... ];... ];...” rj;jj;jpw;F Kfk; jpUk;gpats;; #upa fhe;jpaha; kyu;e;J Nghdhs;. Ntypf;F Nkyhy; njupe;j Kfk; ,];]j;JilaJ. nfhQ;r ehsha; mtSf;fpUf;Fk; xNu MWjy; mtd;jhd;. “nfhQ;rk; nghWq;f Nfhopnay;yhk; milr;rpg; Nghl;L thud;” vd;W irifahNyNa gjpy; nrhd;dts; guguntd;W fhupaj;ij Kbj;Jtpl;L mtrukhf NtypNahuj;jpw;F efu;e;jhs;. mts; clk;gpy; eLf;fk;> Kfj;jpy; gjw;wk;. mtis me;jf; Nfhyj;jpy; ghu;g;gjw;F ,];]j;jpw;Nf gupjhgkhf ,Ue;jJ. “vd;d eLf;fkh....r;Nra;! Rj;j gl;bf; fhl;Lg; nghk;Gsjhd; eP.... gofj; njhlq;fp vt;tsT ehshr;R ,d;Dk; eLf;fpf;fpl;L.....” “nuz;L ehsh vq;f fhzk;. vdf;fpl;lAk; nrhy;yhk vq;f Nghd ePq;f. kzpj;jpahsf;fzf;fpy; ehd; fhj;Jf; fple;jJjhd; kpr;rk;. ,dpk ,g;gpb gz;zhjPq;f. vd;dhy jhq;Nfyhkf; fplf;F...” mOifAld; Rikah nrhy;yp Kbf;fTk; ,];]j; kdjpw;Fs; tprpybj;Jf; nfhz;lhd;. “X! mjf; Nff;fpupah? mtru Ntiyah Rg`{ Neuk; ntspf;fpl;l gazk; mJ. me;j Neuj;jpy cd;dl;l vg;gbr; nrhy;wJ.... te;J nrhy;yyhnkd;L Nghapl;ld;. nuz;L ehsh cd;df; fhzhjJ vdf;Fk; f\;lkhfj;jhd; ,Ue;jpr;rp. rup... rup ,e;jh Nghd ,lj;jpy fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014

cdf;fhf ghu;j;Jg; ghu;j;J Ntz;bdJ....” “vd;dJ....” “ifa ePl;b thq;fpj;jhd; ghud; vd;ndz;L...” Ntypf;F Nkyhy; ,];] j; ePl;ba Ngf;if Ntz;b jpwe;J ghu;j;jts;. “vd;lg; Nga;....! vdf;F thzhk; thg;gh. vq;f ck;kh fz;lhq;nfz;lh mt;tsTjhd; vd;df; nfhd;Nd Nghl;LUthq;f....” jpwe;J ghu;j;j Ntfj;jpNyNa Rikah jpUk;gpf; nfhLj;J tpl ,];]j;jpd; Kfk; thb tpl;lJ. “vd;d Gs;s; cdf;nfz;LjhNd thq;fpdd;. jiyapy Fj;JwJf;F ];iyLfs; fpspg;Gfs; Ig;Nuh ngd;rpy; ifNyQ;rp. ehd; Ntw ahUf;F nfhz;L Ngha; FLf;fg; Nghwd;. vk; kdr GupQ;rpf;f khl;Nlq;fpwpNa.....” Gs;s vd;W mioj;J Mjq;fj; NjhL Nfl;l ,];] j;jpd; md;gpy; rikah fiue;J Nghdhs;. “nrup... nrup jhq;f..... Mdh xU fz;b\d; fypahzj;Jf;Fg; nghwFjhd; ,ijnay;yhk; ehd;


]k; ]k;

76 NghLNtd;. ,g;g mbg;nghl;bapy itr;rp g+l;bLNtd;. vd;ly;yh`;! cq;fNshl epz;lh Neuk; nghwNj njupapuy;y. rpd;dj;jk;gp Ne] upahy ,g;g te;jpUthd;. ehisf;F re;jpf;fyhk;. ehd; Nghwd; thg;gh… Rikah…. Va; Rikah…! mtd; miog;gpw;F Rikah jpUk;gtpy;iy. nghOjwpahky; mtDld; epd;W fijg;gjw;F mtSf;Fk; Mirjhd;. Mdhy; rpd;dj;jk;gp tUtjw;fpilapy; mLg;gb Ntiyia Muk;gpf;f Ntz;Lk;. ,y;yhtpl;lhy; ck;kh te;jTld; “ehd; te;jJf;F nghwFjhd; uhj;jh Nrhwhf;fj; njhlq;fpdh” vd;W Nfhy; %l;b tpLthd;. mt;tsT FRk;gd; mtd;. ck;khtpd; neUg;Gg; ghu;itia epidj;jhNy RikahTf;Fg; gak;jhd;. guguntd;W mLg;ig %l;bats; Ntiyfspy; %o;fpg;Nghdhs;.

rpd;dj;jk;gp vd;W nry;ykhf miof;fg;gLk; kh[pj; gpwe;J MW khjj;jpNyNa khwilg;ghy; je;ijia ,oe;j FLk;gk; mJ. %j;j ,uz;L Mz;gps;isfSk; gpwF tupirahf ehO ngz;fs; filf;Fl;bjhd; kh[pj;.

jiyKOfp tpl;ljhf thg;gh vy;NyhUf;Fk; nrhy;yptpl;lhu;. mj;NjhL %j;j kfd; cwT rup. ,uz;lhktd; ,g;wh`pk; $lg; nghwe;jJ. fnsz;lh neQ;rpy mg;gbnahU ghrk;. ‘ ,g;gbnahU Gs;isiag; nghw nfhLj;Jitr;rpUf;NfhDk;fh…! vd;w mbf;fb nrhy;ypf;nfhs;gtu; Ntnwe;jf; nfhLg;gpidAk; fhzhkNyNa Nfha;r; Nru;e;J tpl;lhu;. “ nghl;lg;Gs;isfshfNt my;yh`; je;Jl;lhNd” vd;W khupYk; kbapYk; mbj;Jf; fjwpa Rikahtpd; ck;kh fhyg; Nghf;fpy; Njwp FLk;gr; Rikapy; kfNdhL jhDk; gq;nfLf;fj; njhlq;fp tpl;lhs;. kfd; ,g;wh`Pk;> jkpo; rdk; ,Uf;Fk; gf;fk; Ngha; kypT nghopthf thq;fp tUk; kuf;fwp fPiu fpoq;F tiffis re;ijf;F nfhz;L nrd;W tpw;W tUthd;. re;ij tpahghuk; Kbe;J tPl;Lf;F te;jhndd;why; rhg;gpl;L xU Fl;bj;J}f;fKk; Nghl;Ltpl;L kpy;Yg;gf;fk; Ngha;tpLthd;. mq;NfAk; gyjuj;J Ntiyfs;….. fpoik Kba xU fzf;F tUk;. jhAk; kfDk; FUtp Nrf;fpug;Nghy Nru;j;J tPl;L NtiyiaAk; Kbj;njLj;J Rikahf;F fhyfhj;jpy; xU fypahzKk; gz;zp itj;jhu;fs;. %d;Nw khjj;J tho;f;if jhd;. xU Ml;NlhTf;F nrhe;jf;fhudhd Rikahtpd; GU\d;.

thg;gh ,Uf;Fk; NghNj f\;lg;gl;L %j;jtis xU khjpup xg;Ngj;jp vLf;f> %j;kfd; FLk;gj;Jf;Fj; “fly; tUFJ…… fly; njupahky; xUj;jpNahL tUFnjd;W….” Jz;NlhLk; Ngha;Nru;e;J nfhz;lhd;. nghl;lg; JzpNahLk; njhg;gyhf Gs;isfisg; gj;jp epidf;fhky; eide;J kf;fs; xb te;j NghJ nghz;lhl;b Nff;Fjh me;j Fbj;Jf;nfhz;bUe;j Njapiy jWjiyf;Fd;D! mtid fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


]k; ]k;

77 fpshir kidtpaplk; ePl;b “vd;d Gjpdkhff; fplf;F Gs;s. fly; tUFnjd;W rdnky;yhk; Xb tUFJ. `ahj;jpyAk; Nfs;tpg;glhj rq;fjpahff; fplf;F. ehd; vd;ndd;L Ngha; ghu;j;jpl;L thud;” vd;w nrhy;yp tpl;Lg; Nghdtd; tuNtapy;iy” 26.12.2004 fly; Nfhs; mdu;j;jj;jpy; kuzpj;jtu;fs;” gl;baypy; Rikahtpd; GU\dpd; ngaUk; Nru;e;J nfhz;lJ. %d;Nw khjj;J tho;f;if….. Mokhf my;y ,Nyrhf ntd;whYk; gjpa Kjy; tpjp mbj;Jg; gwpj;Jf;nfhz;L Ngha;tpl;lJ. xU vy;iyf;Fs; tsu;e;j mtSf;F clk;G njhl;l RfKk; xU rpy gupkhw;wq;fSNk epidtpy; epd;wd. ehYkhrKk; gj;J ehSk; nksj;jhd GU\Df;fhf gpw Mz;fisj; jtpu;j;jpUe;J ,j;jhf; flikia epiwNtw;wp ntspahfpa Rikahf;F xU tpj Mjq;fNk kdjpy; vQ;rpapUe;jJ. vjdhYNk mtis Mw;w Kbatpy;iy. xU ehs; NtypNahuk; mioj;j ,];]j;jpd; Kfk;…. Fu;Md; kj;u]htpy; mtNshL $l Xjpa ez;gd; $g;gpl;L Rfk; tprhupj;J Nrhfk; tpdtpa NghJ cile;J Nghdhs;…… X….d;W khu;kb jhq;fhky; mts; fjw mtd; nrhd;d MWjy; thu;j;ijfspy;…. mts; md;G gpuptpy; nefpo;e;J Nghdhs;… mtid re;jpf;Fk; nrhw;g Neuj;ij epidj;Jf;nfhz;Nl kWgbAk; re;jpf;Fk; Neuj;Jf;fhf fhj;jpUf;fj; njhlq;fpdhs;.

tpahghuf;fzf;F tof;Ffis vy;yhk; ghu;j; Kbj;j ,g;wh`PKk; J}q;Fk; gha;f;Fg; Ngha;tpl;lhd;. rpy nehbfs; jhd; mtdJ Fwl;ilr; rj;jj;jhy; epiwe;J NghdJ. Fwl;ilr;rj;jk; Nfl;lhy; ,g;wh`Pk; Mo;e;J J}q;Ffpd;wh ndd;W mu;j;jk;. jdpaiwf;Fs; gLj;Jf; fple;j Rikahf; nfd;why; J}f;fNk tutpy;iy. kdk; epidTfspy; miyf; fope;jJ. vOe;J nky;y mYkhupia jpwe;J ifePl;b vLf;fpd;whs;. GU\ dpd; Nrl;Lk; rhuDk; fly;te;j md;W fhiy “,jnay;yhk; fOtpg;NghLq;f Gs;s” vd;W ifapy; je;j cLg;G mtNd Nghd gpwF fOthky; mij mg;gbNa itj;J mOkhupapy; gj;jpug;gLj;jp tpl;lhy;. Kfk; KOtijak; mij mOj;jpats; GU\dpd; clk;G thrk; mjpy; gpbgl nghq;fpg; nghq;fp moj; njhlq;fpdhs;. “gs;s…… Gs;s vz;L $g;gpl;L vd;df; nfhz;lhbdPq;fNs. ,Ug;gpq; nfz;LjhNd ,Ue;jd;. ,g;gb ,ilapNyNa tpl;bl;Lg; Nghapl;Bq;fNs” mOjOJ Nrhu;e;J NghdtSf;F J}f;fk; kl;Lk; tutpy;iy. ,];]j;jpd; cwTf;Fg; gpwF kdr;Rik $bg; Nghdij czu;e;jhs;. gf;fj;jpy; gf;fj;jpy; ,Ue;jhYk; me;j tPl;bf;Fk; ,e;j tPl;bf;Fk; RKfkhd cwtpy;iy.

“mtq;nfy;yhk; gbr;rtq;f> mtq;fl gtUk; nytYk; mtq;fNys. ek;kl Rz;lYk; NrhWk;jhd; ekf;Fg; ngupR… md;iwa nghOJ ,uthfpg;NghdJ. ekf;fpl;l ,y;ynaz;lhYk; mtq;ffpllnay;yhk; Nfl;Lg;Nghfhk vy;yhUk; J}q;fpa gpd; fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


]k; ]k;

78 my;yh`; fhg;ghNjhDk;. fz;lhg;NghJk; Kfj;j vd;d J}f;f J}f;fpf;fpwh…”

md;G itj;jpUf;fhNu vd;W epidj;J epidj;J re;Njhrg;gl;Lf; nfhs;ths;.

Rikahtpd; ck;kh mbf;fb Gyk;gpf;nfhs;ths;. cz;ikjhd; ,];]j;jpd; uhj;jhTk; cj;jpNahfj;jpw;F Nghfpwts;fs;. my;yry; kdpjiuf;fz;lhy; ,];] j;jpd; uhj;jh kupahijf;fhtJ nfhQ;rk; rpupj;J itf;f khl;lhy;. gf;fj;J gf;fj;jpy NtW ,Ue;jjhy; Ntypg;gpur;rpid Fg;ig nfhl;Lk; gpur;rpidnad;W ,U FLk;gj;jpw;Fs;Sk; Mapuj;njl;L kd];jhgq;fs;. “mtq;fNshl ey;yh ,Uf;fpw NtyNa thdhk;” vd;W Rikahtpd; ck;kh xJq;fpNatpl;lhs;.

“ah my;yh`;! vd;idAk; ,];]j;ijAk; ve;jg; gpur;rpidAkpy;yhky; xd;dh Nru;j;J it. ,e;j tho;ifnaz;lhYk; vdf;F epiyf;fdk;. mtu;u kbapyjhd; vd;l rptd; NghfDk;” mOjOJ my;yh`;tplk; ,iwQ;rpats; mg;gbNa J}q;fpAk; Nghdhs;. ,];]j;jpd; MWjypYk; ek;gpf;ifahd thu;j;ijfspYk; Rikahtpd; ehl;fs; efu;e;J nfhz;bUe;jJ.

,j;jidf;F kj;jpapYk; ,];] j;jpd; thu;j;ijfisj;jhd; Rikah kiynad ek;gpf; nfhz;lbUe;jhs;. “vJf;F Rikah fz;lijnay;yhk; epdr;rp ftiyg;gu;Nu… cdf;F ehd; vdf;F eP. mt;tsTjhd; fhyk; tul;Lk; nrhy;ypg;ghg;gd;. ,y;yhl;b ehNd ntspf;fpl;L cq;f tPl;Lf;F te;jpUtd;. Vw;fdNt vd; kdrpy ,Uf;fpw fty f];lnky;yhk; Nghjhjh? mijnay;yhk; kwf;fDk;. eP re;Njh\khf ,Uf;fDnkz;LjhNd cq;$l gofNt Muk;gpr;rd;. cd;d kfhuhzp khjpup vg;gbnay;yhk; re;Njh\khf itr;rpUf;NfhDnkz;L fw;gid gz;zpapUf;fd; njupAkh?” mtd; czu;r;rp trg;gl;L fz;fs; fyq;f nrhy;Yk; NghJ Rikahtpd; gytPdq;fnsy;yhk; kz;bapl;LtpLk;.

xU ehs;… “ nfhOk;Gf;F nyhwpapy NghwJf;F xU ghu;l;b $g;gpLJk;kh. nuz;L ehs;jhd;. jq;fp te;jh Vjhr;Rk; fdkh kpQ;rk;. vd;dj;Njb thutq;fpl;l tp\aj;j nrhy;ypLq;f” vd;W ,g;wh`Pk; xU tpbaw;fhiyapy ntspf;fpl;Lg; Ngha;tpl;lhd;. Rikahtpd; ck;khTk; “,z;ilf;F ehd; re;ijf;F Nghfy;y Gs;s> kpy;yp nfhQ;rk; Nty fplf;nfz;L Kjyhsp Neuj;NjhNlNa tur; nrhd;dtu;. fhf;fhTk; gazk; nga;j;jhd; jhNd. ngup;rh xd;Lk; Mf;fj;Njty;y. fplf;fpw fUthl;lg;Nghl;L ciwr;r fwp Mf;fp> jiyay gpr;Rg;Nghl;L xU nrhjpit NghJk;. ehd; kj;jpahdk; rhg;ghl;Lf;F tukhl;ld;. nfhQ;rk; Nrhj;jg;Nghl;Lf; fl;lb jq;fr;rpf; fpl;l xU Kbr;rpl;L MWkzp Nghyjhd; tUtd; ftdkh ,Ue;Jf;f…”

GU\id ,oe;j vd;dpy; ,t;tsJ FLk;gr; RikAld; ciof;Fk; fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


]k; ]k;

79 NjitAk; me;jj;jha;f;F. xNu %r;rpy; kfsplk; vy;yhtw;iwAk; xg;gilj;Jtpl;Lg; Ngha; tpl;lhs;. guguntd;W. fhupak; ghu;j;J jq;iffisAk; jk;gpiaAk; mDg;gptpl;L mLg;gbf;Fs; Eioe;jhs; Rikah. “Kjy;y Mf;fpw Ntya Kbf;fDk;. mg;gjhd; kj;j Ntyay nghwF epk;kjpah nra;ayhk;. ‘Fdpe;J fUthl;il vLj;jts; Frpdp thrypy; epoyhl epkpu;e;J ghu;j;J mjpu;e;J Nghdhs;. “,];]j;… eP…. ePq;f…. ah my;yh`;… vg;gb vg;gb te;jPq;f ahuhr;Rk; fz;lh… vd;l nry;y u`;khNd… vd;d fhupak; gz;zPzPq;f…” clk;Gk; kdRk; xU Nru rikah gjwj; njlq;fptpl;lhs;. “vd;d Rikah vt;tsT f\;lg;gl;L topnaLj;J te;jpUf;fd;. thq;nfz;L $g;gply;yhl;bAk; guthy;y… Ngh vd;L njhwj;jpLtha; Nghy fplf;Nf. ehDk; vd; nghz;lhlbAk; FLk;gk; elj;jg;Nghw khspifa ehd; ghu;f;f Ntzhkh. mjhd; JzpQ;rp te;jpl;ld;….”

mtis neUq;fpatd; gaj;jpy; tpau;ejpUe;j mtsJ new;wpiaj; Jilj;J Kfj;ij tUb> gytPdq;fisnay;yhk; J}z;bj;J} z;b jd; gyj;ij ep&gpf;f Jzpe;j nehbapy;… njUf;fjtpy Nfl;l rj;jk;…. “uhj;jh… uhj;Njh….t! te;J RUf;fh fjtj; njhutd;…. uhj;jh thupah…. ehd;jhd; rpd;dj; jk;gp te;jpUf;fd;… te;J fjtj; njhwtd;…” vg;gbg; Ngha; fjitj; jpwe;jhnsd;W mtSf;Nf njupa tpy;iy. tpu;nwd cs;Ns te;j rpd;dj; jk;gp tpuy;fshy; nuz;ilf; fhl;b…. “fhiyapy; Nghfy;y vyh@ Ne] upapy tr;rp tapj;j typf;f njhlq;fpl;L Br;ru; tPl;l Nghd;D nrhy;yplh….” Nghl;bUe;j fyprhid fow;wp vwpe;J tpl;L Gof;filg;gf;fk; XbagbNa nrhy;ypf;nfhz;L Nghdhd; rpd;dj;jk;gp. Rikahf;F vJTNk Gupatpy;iy. gpuik gpbj;jijg;NghypUf;f kuf;Fw;wpapy; ,Ue;J tpl;lhs;. ,];]j;ijf; fhztpy;iy. %iyg; gf;fj;J Ntyp rpije;jijg; NghypUe;jJ. fz;fis %bf; nfhz;lhs;. kdR Jb Jbj;J mOtij tpUk;gp epd;wJ. njhz;ilf;Fs; ngupanjhU Ks; rpf;fpf; nfhz;lijg;Nghy; mjw;Fk; Kbatpy;iy. jz;zpFbj;jhs; Njtiy NghypUf;f vOe;J nfhltis…

nrhy;ypf;nfhz;Nl cs;Eioe;J vy;yhtw;iwAk; Nehl;lkpl;ltd;> guthy;yNa nuhk;g mofh Jg;guth tPl;l itr;rpUf;Nf. ,q;fjhd; kfhuhzpahl;lk; cd;dg; g+g;Nghy ghJfhf;fg; Nghwdhf;Fk;. Va;….! vd;dlh gae;jpl;bah…? cd;d fypahzk; Kbr;rp rj;jpakh “uhj;jh…. uhj;Njh.. te;J fOtp ey;yh itr;Rf;Ftd;. va;….. cL. ehisf;Fj;jhd; Br;ru; vd;d vd;dlh? Vf;fj;NjhL Nfl;L fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


]k; ]k;

80 Ne]upf;F tur; nrhd;dt…. vdf;F tapj;Jf;f typf;FJ. Fsprag; Nghl;LU uhj;jh…. ehd; gLf;fg; Nghwd;… fpl;lj;jl;l xU nk\pidg; Nghy; ,aq;fj; njhlq;fpdhs; Rikah. ck;kh nrhd;d Ntiyfisnay;yhk; Kbj;J jk;gpiaAk; jq;ifiaAk; Fu;Md; XJk; kju]htpw;F mDg;gptpl;lhs;. xd;gjhk; tFg;G gbf;Fk; %j;j jq;fr;rp [{khdh gbj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;jhs; nky;y mtis neUq;fpats;…. “[{khdh… gbr;rpl;lh ,Uf;Nf… ];$y;yAk; gbr;rpl;Lj;jhNd te;jpUg;gha;. gf;fj;jpyjhNd cz;l $l;lhspg; Gs;sl CL. NtZnkz;lh mq;fNgha;; nfhQ;r Neuk; fijr;rpUe;J thtd;… mJq;fl tPl;l btpAk; ,Uf;fpjhNd…” “,y;y… ck;kh te;jh….@ mts; gaj;jhy; ,Oj;jhs;@ ‘vz;zl f\;lfhyk; ehd; Cl;Ly milQ;rp fplf;fd;. eP tsu;u gps;s… nfhQ;r Neuk; jhNd ck;kh te;jh ehd; nrhy;ypf;Ftd; eP Nghapl;L th”

kdrpy; ,dk; Gupahj czu;r;rpf; ftiyfs; vOe;J mtis miyf;fopj;jd. jhapd; neUg;Gg; ghu;it…. jikadpd; fz;bg;G vy;yhtw;iwAk; kwe;J NtypNahuk; Nghdts; rpije;j gf;fj;ij nky;y tpyf;fpg; ghu;j;jhs;. fk;gpiag; gpupj;J Eiotjw;F trjpahf mjykhf;fp Xiykl;ilia yhtfkhf nrUfp ,Ue;jhs;. jdf;Fs; rpupj;Jf;nfhz;lts; Xiykl;ilia tpyf;fp ftdkhf me;jg; gf;fk; fhy;itj;jhs;. rpWtajpy; tpisahl;Lj;jdj;jpy; Ntypjhz;b ,e;jg;gf;fkhf Xbte;Jtpl;L mjw;fhf ck;khtplk; thq;Fk; mb Qhgfj;jpw;F te;jJ. ,];]j;jpd; uhj;jhTk; kr;rhDk; tUtjw;fpilapy; mtid re;jpj;Jtpl Ntz;Lnkd;W glglg;gpy; tPl;bd; gpd;gf;fkhf ,Ue;J nky;y Kd;gf;fkhf te;jts; epjhdpj;jhs;… ,];] j;jpd; rg;ghj;Jld; ,d;DnkhU rg;ghj;Jr; NrhbAk;… rl;nld;W gpd;dhfpats; rhj;jpapUe;j ad;diy fz;L “,];]j;jpd; Kfj;ijahtJ Xukhf epd;W ghu;j;Jtpl;Lg; Nghdhy; neQ;rpj; jtpg;gpw;F MWjyhf ,Uf;Fk; vd;w epidg;gpy; rhj;jpapUe;j ad;diy nky;y ePf;fpats;….! tha;tpl;L mywKbahj mjpu;r;rpapy; ];jk;gpj;Jg;Nghdhs;.

mtis mDg;gptpl;L fjitg; G+l;batspd; neQ;R gaj;jpy; glf;…. glf;nfd mbj;Jf; Xu; MZk; ngz;Zk; ,Uf;f nfhz;lJ. ghtk; ,];]j; Ntz;ba epiyapy; ,];] vd;fhfj;jhNd vy;yhj;ijAk; j;Jk; mtdJ ez;gDk; “ah jhq;fpf;fpuhU…. mtid kWgbAk; my;yh`;…” fhybapy; ,Ue;j ghu;f;fDk;> MWjy; gLj;jDk;> MARg+uhfTk; ehd; cq;fNshljhd; G+kp eOtp mfyghjhsj;jpy; thoj;Jbr;rpf;fpl;L ,Uf;fd; ,];] tpOtijg;Nghy;! tpf;fpj;j neQ;Rld; tPL te;J Nru;e;j j; vd;W nrhy;yp mtd; neQ;rpy; Rikah gpuik gpbj;jtsha; Rtupy; rha;Q;rp moDk;. Rikahtpd; fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


]k; ]k;

81 rupe;J cl;fhu;e;J nfhz;lhs;. $L fiye;j gwit Nghy czu;Tfnsy;yhk; jtj;Jg; Guz;ld. Nftykhd ,uz;L kpUfq;fspd; me;juq;fj;ijg; ghu;j;Jtpl;l mRi\. cyfk; ,aq;fpf;nfhz;bUf;ff; fhuzkhd Ja;ikahd xd;W eufyhf ehw;wnkLj;J GOg;GOthf nespe;J nfhz;bUg;gijg; NghypUe;jJ. fhiyapy; mtd; njhl;Lg; gutrg;gLj;jpa ,lnky;yhk; gw;wp vuptijg;Nghy;…! MNtrk; nfhz;L vOe;jts; mg;gbNa Frpdpg;gf;fk; Nghdhs;. jpUk;gpats; fz;fspy; ,g;wh`Pk; fhf;fhtpd; gioa nrUg;Gj;jhd; gl;lJ. “Mk;Gsr; nrUg;G” ifapy; vLj;jts; Neuhf fz;zhbf;F Kd; Nfha; epd;W nfhz;lhs;. “Cu;NkAk; eha;f;nfy;yhk; xOf;fkhf clk;G Nff;Fjh? tho;f;ifaj; njhyr;r Kz;lr;rp vz;LjhNd ehf;fj;njhq;fg;Nghl;Lf;fpl;L te;j….fopril fhtypf;nfy;yhk; fhjnyhU rhl;L mjr;nrhy;ypr; nrhy;ypNa mDgtpr;rpg;Nghl;L ifaf; fOtpl;Lg; Nghfyhnkz;l ijupak; jhNd….

rj;jk; iffs; fisj;J Xa;e;jNghJk; mts; neQ;rk; jPutpy;iy. “Vkhe;jpl;ld;… xU kpUfj;jplk; md;Gf;fhf neUq;fp Vkhe;jpl;ld;. clk;G Rfj;Jf;fhf ve;jf; Nftyj;ijAk; nra;aj; JzpQ;r <dg; nghwg;Gfs; j;….J}!” guguntd;W vOe;jts; fpzw;wbf;Fg;Ngha; 1>2>3>4 fpzw;W thspahy; jz;zPiu ms;sp ms;sp jiyapy; Cw;wj; njhlq;fpdhs;. cs;sf;nfhjpg;G mlq;fpaNjh ,y;iyNah Rikahtpd; cly; Nrhu;e;Nj NghdJ. “Rikah – Va;! Rikah… vq;fb Ngha; njhiyQ;r…” jl;bj;jl;b if KwpQ;rp Nghr;rp vq;nfaz;lhYk; Ngha; xJq;fpdpnaz;lh CU gpuz;lhYk; xdf;F tpsq;fhJ. rpd;dts; vq;f mts; fOj> gLj;jhnsz;lh ehSk; gfYk; mtSf;F xd;Djhd;. ky;Yf;fl;b fjitj; njhwe;jJy ifapy; Ntw fopr;Rg;Nghl;L… Rikah…”

rj;jk; Nghl;Lf;nfhz;Nl te;j Rikahtpd; ck;kh Nghl;bUe;j cLg;NghilNa eide;j Nfhopf;FQ;rha; fpzw;wbapy; “Mk;Gsf;Fk; nghk;Gsf;Fk; epd;w kfisf; fz;lJk; tpj;jpahrk; njupahj tpf;fpj;Jg;Nghdhs;. cs;Ns Ngha; gz;zpianay;yhk; vd;d Jilf;Fk; Jilf;Fk; Jz;ilf; ek;g tr;rpl;bNa my;yh`;Nt!” nfhz;L te;J ePl;bats; “fl;bl;L khu;kb jhq;fhky; nghq;fpg;Nghd cs;Sf;F th….” xw;iwahfr; Rikah jdf;Fj;jhNd jz;lid nrhy;yptpl;L FrpDf;Fs; Eioe;J toq;Fk; ePjp Njtijahdhs;. Rlr;Rl Nfhg;gp Nghl;L te;J ifapy; itj;jpUe;j nrUg;ghy; “#l;NlhL ,jf;Fbr;rpg;Nghl;L mbf;fj;njhlq;fpdhs;. <ukpy;yhky; jyaj;Jtl;L.. jz;zp “g;shu;..g;shu;..” vd;W njhlu;e;j epz;br;nrd;lh jbky; gpbr;Rf;Fk;. fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


]k; ]k;

82 “[{khdh vq;f… Fiu]hl Cl;lah NfhapUf;fhs;. dhd; Ngha; $l;bl;L te;J mLg;gb Ntyag;ghf;fd;. eP ,Ue;Jf;f” jiyiaj; Jtl;b ghapy; rupe;jts; jd;id kwe;J J}q;fpg;Nghdhs;. kdij ntd;w clk;gpd; tpjp> tpbe;jJ $l Rikahf;F njupatpy;iy. ntspapy; Nfl;l ,Gwh`Pk; fhf;fhtpd; Ngr;Rf;Fuypy; fz; tpopj;Jf; fbfhuj;ijg; ghu;j;jts; jpLf;fpw;Wg; Nghdhs;. kzp xd;gijf; fhl;b epd;wJ. “ vd;l my;yh`;…” Jbj;Jf; vOtjw;F Kad;wtSld; clk;G xj;Jiof;ftpy;iy. mbj;Jg;Nghl;lhw;Nghy; mau;r;rpahf ,Uf;f kWgbAk; fz;%b rha;e;J nfhz;lhs;. ntspapy; Ngr;R njhlu;e;jJ. “uhnty;yhk; epj;jpiuAkpy;yk;kh! nyhwp gOjhfpdAk; fhyf; f\;lk;jhd;. eL Nwhl;by nyhwpNahl rPuypQ;Qhd; kpr;rk;. vq;fk;kh.. Rikahl rpyhtpdaf; fhzy;y..” “mtSf;F clk;G mt;tsT uhfj;jpy;ykd gLj;Jf;fplf;fhs;. nfhQ;r ehisf;F ehDk; re;ijf;F kpy;Yf;nfz;L Nghfy;y. thOw taRy… mtsg; ghf;ff;Fs;s tha; tapnuy;yhk; nfhjpr;Rg; NghFJ. ,Uf;fpwj tr;rp mtSf;F ey;yjh xz;l ghj;Jr; nra;J Nghl;LuZk; kd…”

“vdf;Fk; Nahrpdhk;kh… vz;l $l;lhsp uhrpf;fj; njupAk;jhNd.

mtNdhl khkh fhju;… mtUk; uhrpf;Nfhl nuz;L %D gazk; ek;kl Cl;l te;jpUf;fhu;jhd;. ngz;lhl;bl elj;j rupapy;ynad;L fypahzj;j gpupQ;rpl;lhu;. mtu ek;k Rikahf;F nra;ayhnkz;L uhrpf; nrhd;dtd;…” ,Gwh`pk; fhf;fh Ngr;ir Kbf;ftpy;iy… mtrukhf ,ilkwpj;j Rikahtpd; ck;kh… “XNkhk; kd.. ehDk; mtq;fl vy;yhf; fijAk; Nfs;tpg;gl;ld;. mJ ey;y ,lk;jhd;. uhrpf; jk;gpl;l tprhupf;f nrhy;Y rup te;jh Rzf;fhk ehk mijNa nra;J Nghl;buyhk;” “rupk;kh… ehd; mj tprhpf;fd;. grpf;FJ fhyf;flag;gj;j itq;fk;kh ehd; Fspr;rpl;L te;jpu;Nud;..” ck;khtpd; Mjq;fk; ,Gwh`pKf;F kl;Lky;y. RikahTf;Fk; Gupe;jJ. $lNt fhjupd; cUtj;ij Qhgfj;jpw;F nfhz;Ltu Kaw;rpj;jhs;. nfhQ;rk; Kd;Df;Fj; js;spa gy;… fWg;G epwk;… fl;ilahd Njhw;wk;.. nghz;lhl;bl elj;j rupapy;y..” Rikahf;F tha;tpl;L rpupf;f Ntz;Lk; NghypUe;jJ. iffisj; jiuapy Cd;wp kpfTk; rpukg;gl;L vOe;J nfhz;lts; thapy; Cwpa vr;rpiy thrypd; Xukhfg; Ngha; Jg;gpa NghJjhd; midf; fz;lhs;. rpije;j Ntypapd; gf;fk; ,uz;L jfuk; itj;J fl;ilAk; ehl;lg;gl;bUe;jJ.

“gh.. gh… gh… g;….. gh…” jPDf;fhf Nfhopfis fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh;moj; 2014Jf;nfhz;Nl Rikahtpd; ck;kh….


]k; ]k;

83

fpof;F khfhz fiy ,yf;fpag; ngU tpoh - 2014 rpWtu; fij - jpwe;j gpupT (gpuNjr kl;lk;: 1k; ,lk;> khtl;l kl;lk; : 3k; ,lk;) jpUkjp. K.[. rpj;jp [h`pjh

vk;Njrj;J nkhl;Lf;fs;

md; W Nk khjk; 17k; jpfjp ,jkhd fhiyg; nghOJ Gyu; e ; J nfhz;bUe;jJ.me;j mofpa FLk;gj;jpd; neLehs; fdthd Giftz;bg; gpuahzj;jpw;fhff; fhj;jpUe;j me;j ehSk; ,Jthfj;jhd; ,Ue;jJ. ,d;iwa ehs; tho;tpy; ,tu;fSf;F XU kwf;f Kbahj ehs;. Vnddpy;> ehl;bNy ,lk; ngw;w Kg;gJ tUl Aj;jj;jpd; gpd;du; jw;NghJ Vw;gl;L tPrpf;nfhz;bUf;Fk; rkhjhdf; fhw;wpd; xU gFjp thridjhd; ,tu;fspd; ,g;gazk;. mf;fhyg;gFjpapy; vtnuhUtUk; jkJ nrhe;j Ciutpl; L njhopy; > Neha; nehb Nghd; w mj ; j pa htr pa N j i tf i sj ; j t p u v e; j f; fhuzj; i jf; nfhz; L k; ntsp ,lq; f spw; F r; nry;tjw;F ahUk; Mirg;gLtjpy;iy.fhuzk;> tPli ; l tplL ; ntspapy; nrd;why; tPL te;J Nru;tJ epr;rakpy;yhj epiy. vq;F Fz;L ntbf;Fk;?; ahu; ahiur; Rl;Lf; nfhy;thu;fs;? vd;nwy;yhk; vjpu;ghu;f;f Kbahj gaq;fur; #oypy; gPjp epytpa fhyk; mJ. epjhdkhd je;ij ep]hu;>RWRWg;ghd kidtp `k; J }d; > Mirf; F xd; W > M]; j pf; F xd; W vd `dhd;>`dPdh vDk; ,U gps;isfisr; nry; t q; f isf; nfhz; l msthd mofpa FLk; g k; . ,j; j idf; F k; ,e; j Giftz; b g; gpuahzk; Rkhu; xU khjj; j pw; F Kd; d Nu jpl;lkplg;gl;bUe;jJ. ,t;tstpw;Fk; `k;J}d;> ep] hu; ,UtUk; mur cj;jpNahfj;ju;fs;. ,tu;fSila FLk;gj;jpwF ; g; Giftz;b gpuahzj;jpwf ; hd ,ytr Mizr; rPl;Lf;fs; tUlhtUlk; %d;W Nrhbfs; cupj;jhfpapUe;Jk; $l Rkhu; gj;J tUlq;fSf;Fk; $ba Nritf; fhyj;;jpy; mjidg; gad;gLj;jpg; gpuahzk; Nkw;nfhs;Sk; re;ju;g;gk; ,tu;fSf;Ff; fpl;bapUf;ftpy;iy. MapDk; jw;NghJ kl;lf;fsg;G Gifapuj epiyaj;jpNy vOjg;glhj rl;lkhf eilKiwapypUf;Fk; gj;J ehl;fSf;F Kd;djhfNt gpuahzk; nra;atpUg;gtu;fs; Mizr; rPl;Lf;fisg; ngw;W mq;F Mrdg;gjpTfisr; nra;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;;.

fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014

,J jw;Nghija eilKiwahf ,Ue;j gbahy; ep] hu; ,jw;Nfw;wthW jkf;Fupj;jhd Kjyhk; tFg;G Mrdg; gjpTfisr; nra;J mtw;Wf;fhd bf;fl;Lf;fisAk; ngw;wpUe;jhd;. me;jehs; njhlf;fk; ,f;FLk;gj;jpdu; gazpf;Fk; ehSf;fhfj; jpdKk; vz;zpf; fhj;jpUe;jdu;. ,d;W jhd; mtu;fspd; Giftz;bg; gpuahzf;fdT edthfpwJ. Neuk; mjpfhiy 5.00 kzp. ,d;Dk; miu kzpj;jpahyj;jpy; #upNahja Neuj;jpy; me;j cjaNjtpf; fd;dp uapYk; kl;lf;fsg;gpypUe;J nfhOk;G Nehf;fpr; nry;ytpUe;jJ. J} uj; j pNy uapypd; vd; [ pd; tUk; rj; j k; Nfl; l Jk; gps;isfs; Js;spf; Fjpj;J “mJ jhd; uapy; rj;jkhk;kh?” vd; W jha; `k; J }idg; ghu; j ; J f; Nfl; f > mjw; F “,y;iy. uapypd;; vd;[pd;


]k; ]k;

84 rj;jnkd;W epidf;fpNwd;> vdf;Fk; jpl;lkhfj; njupatpy;iy”

vdf;$Wifapy; epk;kjpg; ngU%r;R tpl;ltshf

vd;W mj;jUzj;jpy; mg;ghtpj;jdkhfg; gjpyspj;jhs; `k;Jhd;. ,j;jidf;Fk; mtsJ Kg;gj;ije;J taJ Kjpu;tpYk; mtSk; ,g;;NghJjhd;; Kjd;Kjyhf uapypy; g azk; nry; y Ts; s hs; . ,Nj Neuk; mUfpypUe;j jd; fztidg; ghu;j;J

“mtu;fs; nra;j capu;j; jpahfk; jhd; vkf;F ,e;j epk;kjpiaj; Njbj; je;jJ”

“ghj;jpqf ; sh ek;k gpsi ; sfs; mtu;fspd; rpd; d tarpy mDgtpf; f pwj ehk ,g;gjhd; mDgtpff ; pwk;. ehk ,jg;Nghy gyj ek;kl tho;tpy Aj;jj;jpdhy ,oe;jpl;lk; ,y;iyah”

mg;Ngh ehq;f nfhOk;gpw;Fg; NghwJ me;j tPuu;fSf;fhd Aj;j ntw;wpf; nfhz; l hl; l q; f is ghu; f ; f j; j hNd mk;kh”

vdf; ftiyAld; Nfl;lNghJ mjw;F fztd; ep]hu; “vd;djhd; f];lq;fs; te;j NghjpYk; kuz gak; ,y;yhky; ,g;g thOwJ vt;tsNth Nky;” vd;W rkhjhdk; $wpdhd;.,tu;fs; ciuahLtij cw;Wf; Nfl;Lf; nfhz;bUe;j kfd; rh[pj; “Vd;kh? cq;fs ahUk; uapy;y $l;bg; Nghfiyah?” vd;W Mr;rupakhff; Nfl;lhd;> me;j VO taJg; gpQ;R. “,y;iy kfd;. mg;g ,e;j uapy; gpuahz trjp ,Ue; j jhk.; mnjnay; y hk; gaq; f uthjpfs; Fz; L itj; J j; jfu;j;njwpe;J vtUf;Fk; gadpy;yhky; nra;jpl;lhq;fshk;. mjdhy vq;fSf;F mijnay;yhk; mDgtpf;f Kbahky; Nghapw;W kfd;.”;

vd;W kpfTk; ed;wpAzu;Tld; ,e;jr; nra;jpiaj; jd; gps;isfSf;F vj;jp itf;fpd;whs; me;j ehl;Lg; gw;Ws;s jha;.

vd kfd; Nfl;f> “ me;j ehis ehk vg;gTk; kwf;ff; $lhJ” vd;W $wp Kbf;Fk;NghJ gazpfisr; Nrhjid nra; t jw; f hfg; nghyprhu; mioj;jdu;. mjpy; xUtu; jdJ jha; nkhopapy; “nfh`j ad;Nd GQ;rp ky;yp” vdg; Gd; d ifAld; Nfl; f mjw; F gjpy; mspf;f tpUk;gpAk;> njupahj ftiyapy; jd; jhiag; ghu;f;fpwhd; `dhd;. ,jidg; Gupe;J nfhz;l jha; “nfhyk; g adth” vd; W $Wk; g b nrhy;yNt mij mt;thNw Kjd; Kjyhf me;jr; rpq;fs thu;j;ijia cr;rupf;fpd;whd;. ,ijf; Nfl;L kfpo;ej ; mg;nghyp]; cj;jpNahfj;ju;

vd;W $wf; Nfl;l ep]hu;

“n`he;ja; n`he;ja;” vd;W nrhy;yp ifia mirj;J Gifapuj Nkilf;Fs; nry;y mDkjpj;jhu;. mq;F msthd rdf;$l;lNk fhzg;gl;lJ. jw;NghJ ,U gps; i sfs; kdjpYk; gytpj Nfs;tpfs;???

“Mdh ,g;g vq;fl [dhjpgjp k`pe;j uh[gf; \ mtu; f s; jhd; me; j f; nfhba gaq;futhjj;ij KbTf;Ff; nfhz;L te;j cj;jk kD\u;. ,jdhy; Vw; g Lj; j g; g l; l rkhjhdk; j hd; ,g; g epyTJ. ,j;jidf;Fk; ,e;j ehl;bw;F Nrit nra;j ,uhZt tPuu;fs; ,e;j ehl;bd; fz;fshf vd;Wk; Nghw;wpg; ghuhl;lg; gl Ntz;batu;fs; kfd;”

cs;Ns nrd;wNghJ mq;Nf jz;lthsj;jpy; ePy epwg;ghk;nghd;W ePz;L gLj;Jwq;FtJ Nghd;W cja Njtpuapy; fhl;rpaspj;jJ. jq;fSf;Nf cupj;jhd Kjyhk; tFg;Gg; ngl;bapy; Vwpj; jq;fSf;F xJf;fg;gl;l Mrdq;fspd; ,yf;fq;fisr; rupghu;jJ ; mku; e ; J nfhz; l NghJ mtu; f s; mile; j ngUkpjk; mstpy; y hjJ.

fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


]k; ]k;

85 fpl; l j; j l; l vahu; iyd; tpkhdk; xd;wpy; VwpaJ Nghd;w xU czu;T. “ck;kh g]; khjpup neUf;fk; ,y;iy> m[]; k d; L ld; rP w ; f s; > mj; J ld; Fspu;ik.`h..” ,it vy;yhNk ,tu;fspd; Mde;jj;ij NkYk; $l;bd. me;j Neuk; jpBnud “flhu;” vd xU gykhd rj;jk; Nfl;lNghJ midtUNk xU fzk; jpLf;fpl;L tpl;ldu;. mNjhL Giftz;b nkJthf mire;J efu;e;J nry; y Muk; g pj; j J.mg; N ghJ mJ vOg;gpa xyp “flf; Glf;” “flf;flf;f flf;flf;f” ehk; vd;d epidf;fpNwhNkh mjw;Nfw;w re;jkhf uapy; vOg;gpr; nrd;w xyp mnrsfupaj; i jad; w p ,d; g j; i jNa tutioj;jJ. gazKk; ,dpNj njhlu;e;jJ. Fwpj;j Neuj;jpw;F Gwg;gl;l me;j uapy; xt;nthU epiyakhfj; jupj;J epd;W gpuahzpfis thQ;irAld; tuNtw;W Vw; w pf; nfhz; L jd; gazj; i j njhlu;e;jJ. fpl;lj;jl;l kd;dk;gpl;b ghyj;jpD}lhfr; nry;Yk; jWthapy; Nrhsq; Fiyfisj; jhq;fpa tz;zk; miur;rl;il ghthil mzpej ; rpqf ; sg; ngz; uapypy; Vwpdhs;. “,upq;Nfh.. ,upq;Nfh..” vd;W nrhy;ypf; nfhz;L xt;nthU ngl;bahff; fle;J nrd;whs;.,jidf; Nfl;l kfs; `dPdh “Vd;gh ehq;fs; vy;NyhUk; rPw;wpy; mku;e;JjhNd ,Uf;fpNwhk;? Vd; mtu; vy;NyhiuAk; ,Uf;fr; nrhy;fpwhu;?”; vd;W tpag;Gld; Nfl;lhs;. jha;f;Fk; je;ijf;Fk; mlf;f Kbahj rpupg;G.

vd;W tpsf;fkspj;j NghJ “,njy;yhk; cq;fSf;F ahu; nrhy;ypj; je;jhq;f?” vd;W mts; Nfl;f ehd; mur cj;jpNahfk; fpilj;J Kjy; epakdhfg;; Gj;jsj;jpy; Ntiy nra;Njd;. mq;F rpqf ; stu;fNshL goFk; tha;gG ; vdf;Ff; fpilj;jJ. ,jdhhy; ,tw;iwnay;yhk; mwpe;J nfhz;Nld;” vd;W $wpdhu; je;ij. ,ijf; Nfl;l gps;isfs; mg;Ngh ehq;fSk; rpq;fsk; gbf; f Ntz; L k; vd MirAld; vz;zpf; nfhz;lhu;fs;. ,t;thW rpq;fs nkhopapy; xd;W $w kw;iwatu; mijg; jtwhf tpsq;fpf; nfhs;fpwhu;. ,e;j nkhopg; gpur;rpidahy; jhd; ,e;j ehNl Fl;br; Rtuhapw;W. kw;iwatUila nkhop njupahjjhy; jhd; rupahd njhlu; g hlypd; i k> fUj;J ntspaplhik> Gupe;Jzu;tpd;ik Nghd;wtw;why; Vw;gl;l Kuz;ghLfNs ,e;ehl;by; ,f;nfhba Aj;jk; Njhd;wp xU ,dj;ij kw;iwa ,dj;jtu; vjpuf ; shfg; ghu;f;Fk; Ju;g;ghf;fpa epiy Vw;gl;lJ. ,e;j ehl;by; ngUk;ghyhd kf;fs; rpq;fs nkhopiag; NgRfpd;wtu;fs;. mtu;fs; ehl;bd; ehyhgf;fq;fspYk; tho;fpd;wdu;. mtu;fSld; xl;LjYld; tho;tjw;F nkhop xd;Nw cjtp nra;Ak;. vdNt> ehk; rpq;fs nkhopiaf; fw;Wf; nfhs;tjhdJ vkf;F gy topfspYk; ed;ikiaj; Njbj; jUk;” vd;W jha; $wpa NghJ ehq;fSk; mijf; fw;Wf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk; vd MirAld; jplrq;fw;gk; nfhz;ldu; gps; i sfs; . jw; N ghJ Vw; g l; L s; s rkhjhdj;ijj; jf;f itj;Jf; nfhz;L Vida ,dj;jtu;fSld; rkhjhdkhf tho Ntz;L;k; vd;w vz;zk; ,e;jg; gpQ; R cs; s q; f spy; Vw; g l; l ijg; ghu;f;Fk; NghJ jha; `k;J}d; jd; gps; i sfis epidj; J g; ngUkpjk; milfpwhs;.

“,y;y kfs; mtu; rpq;fsg; ngz;. mtUila nkhopapy; Nrhsq; Fiyfis “,upq;F” vd;W nrhy;tjhy; mij tpw; g jw; f hf mt; t hW $wpr; nry;fpwhu;”

fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


]k; ]k;

86

Njrpa ,yf;fpa fiyg; ngUtpoh - 2014

fdp\;l gpupT – ftpij vOJjy; Nghl;b – Kjyhk; ,lk; nry;tp. vk;.vk;.vg;. E`h kl;/kk/ my; mkPd; kfh tpj;jpahyak;> fhj;jhd;Fb.

xw;Wikah tho;Nthk; cyfk; cUz;il ghulh cUSk; cyfk; jhdlh gpur;rpid te;J Nru;e;jjhy; Gdpjk; ,oe;J Nghr;rlh ehSk; ehSk; rz;ilfs; ehS; nghOJk rhTfs; rhjp Ngj Aj;jq;fs; rhgk; nfhz;L kdpju;fs;

ghr tiyfs; ,ize;j ehllh ghtk; jPu;f;f Ntz;Lklh Ntz;lhk; kdpj Ngjq;fs; xw;Wikahf tho;Nthk; vt;tsNth trjp gilj;j vk; ehl;bd; toq;fisAk; gad;gLj;jp vg;nghOJk; xw;Wikahf vjpu;fhy rKjhaj;ij cUthf;FNthk;.

ghkud;> Kjy; gz;bjd; tiu gz;Gld; tho;e;j ehllh ,J ghoile;J NghtJ Vdlh ,J ahupd;rh Nfllh rhjpia mopj;jhd; rhuskha; te;j ghujp md;Wlh ehSk; rz;il ghulh ebf;Fk; cyfpy; rz;ilfs; Vdlh cyfpy; thOk; midtUk; cwTfs; Nghy; md;Nwhlh vt;thwhapDk; vkf;Fs;Ns vjpu;g;Gfs; Njhd;Wjy; jg;gz;Nwhlh ,e;j kjntwp Vdlh ,utpy; J}f;fk; Nghr;rlh FUfpa ehs; tho;tpy; Fog;gq;fs; Vdlh trjpAs;stu; rpyu; trjpaw;wtu; gyu; ,e;j ghFghL Vdlh ,t;thW ghu;g;gjdhy; gad; VJk; cz;Nlhlh fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


87

]k; ]k; Njrpa ,yf;fpa fiyg; ngUtpoh - 2014

fdp\;l gpupT – fl;Liug; Nghl;b – Kjyhk; ,lk; nry;td;. vk;.vd;.vk;. m];kj; kl;/kk/ fhj;jhd;Fb kj;jpa fy;Y}up.

Mf;fg+u;tkhd gilg;Gfshy; vjpu;fhy rKjhaj;ij cUthf;FNthk;

  ,d;iwa etPd tpQ;Qhd cyfpy; ehk; gad;gLj;Jfpd;w nghUl;fis ,jw;f Kd; tho;ej ; tpQ;Qhdpfs; kw;Wk; fz;Lgpbg;ghsu;fs; vk;ik xU vjpu;fhy rKjhakhf epidj;J gy nghUl;fis cUtikj;Js;shu;fs;. gilg;Gfs; vDk; nghOJ fiyfSk; mjw;Fs; mlq;fyhk;. ehk; ,d;W vkJ vy;iyaw;w rpe;jidapd; %yk; fz;Lgpbf;Fk; fz;Lgpbg;Gfs;> Mf;fq;fs;> fiyfs; vd;gd ek;ik njhlu;e;J tUl rKjhaj;Jf;F xg;ghdjhf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. ,t;thW cjhuzkhf ghu;jj ; hy;. 1903 k; Mz;L fz;Lgpbf;fg;gl;l tpkhdj;jpd; fl;likg;Gfs; rhd;whf mikfpd;wd. tpkhdj;ij fz;Lgpbj;j iul; rNfhjuu;fspd; vy;iyaw;w Kaw;rp ,d;W vkf;F vj;jid topfspy; cjTfpd;wJ. ,t;thW fzpzpiaAk; ghu;jj ; hy; rhu;s;]; gNg[; My; fz;Lgpbf;fg;gl;l ,f;fzpzp Kd;ida fhyj;jpy; xU mw;gk; epiwe;j xU Kf;fpakhd nghUshfNt fhzg;gl;lJ. md;iwa fhyj;jpy; mJ xU xU fl;lhaj; NjitfSf;F khj;jpuk; gad;gl;lJ. Mdhy; ,d;iwa fhyj;jpy; gy Kf;fpa NjitfSf;F gad;gl;lhYk; xU rpyuhy; jg;ghd topapy; gad;gLj;gg ; LfpwJ. ,jdhNyNa ,J gy mwpQu;fshYk; ,yj;jpudpay; Kl;lhs; vd ngau; ngWfpwJ. ,Ue;JNghjpYk; md;iwa mwpthspfshy; Xu; Fwpg;gpl;l msT tplaq;fis khj;jpuk; cs;slf;fpajhf fz;Lgpbf;fg;gl;l> Mf;fkhf;fg;l;l gy nghUl;fs; ,d;iwa fhy mwpQu;fshy; mJ gy nrad;Kiwfis nfhz;l nghUs; Mf;fkhf khw;wg;ngWfpwJ. vdNt ehKk; vkJ vz; z j; i j nghJ vz; z khf khw; W k; nghOJ gyuJ kdijAk; ftuf;$batu;fshf khw;wKbAk;. xt;nthUtUk; jdJ ,yf;Ffis vz;zq;fis xU jiyg;gpd; fPNoNa nfhz;L elj;Jthu;fs;. vkJ Nehf;fkhfNt ehk; Mf;fg+u;tkhd gilg;Gfshy; vjpu;fhy rKjhaj;ij xUthf;FNthk; vdf; nfhs;Sk; nghOJ fz;Lgpbf;f KbAk; my;yJ rhjpf;f KbAk;. ,d;iwa rpWtu; rKjhakhd ehk; ek;ikg; Nghd;nwhU rKjhak; vjpu;fhyj;jpy; cs;sJ vdf;nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. ehk; ,d;W fy;tpf;F ngupJk; gad;gLj;Jfpd;w Gj;jfq;fis vLj;Jf;nfhz;NlhNkahdhy; ,jw;F ,U E} w;whz;LfSf;F Kd; tho;e;j g+l;ld; Ngu; vd;gtu; $l rpe;jpj;jhu;. ehk; fy;tp fw;Fk; ,e;jf;fhyj;jpy; $l Gj;jfq;fis ehNk ek; ifahy; vOj Ntz;bajhf cs;sJ. Mdhy; vjpu;fhy rKjhakhtJ Neuj;ij ,yFgLj;jp fw;ff; $lhjh vd;whu;. ,jdhNyNa etPdq;fs; Fiwe;j me;jf;fhyj;jpy; $l mtu; ngupa rthy;fSf;F kj;jpapy; jdJ fz;Lgpbg;ghd mr;R ,ae;jpuj;ijf; fz;Lgpbj;J jw;Nghija Gj;jf; fy;tpf;F ngUk; gq;fhw;wpAs;shu;. vdNt> ,d;iwa rpWtu;fshd ehKk; ,d;W fy;tpf;fhtJ VJk; FiwghLfs; fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


]k; ]k;

88

,Ug;gpd; mij ehk; vkJ tplhKaw;rpapd; %yk; ,d;iwa thOk;tsUk; fhyq;fspy; ehk; eptu;j;jp nra;tJ vjpu;fhyj;jpy; fy;tpf;F Mw;wpa Nritfspy; mJTk; ngUk; gq;fspg;ghf mikAk;. ,t;thW ,d;iwa fhyj;jpy; fy;tpf;F kl;Lky;yhJ ,d;Dk; gy NjitfspYk; $l FiwghLfs; fhzg;gLtij ek;khy; fhzf;$bajhf cs;sJ. vkJ Nehf;fKk; ,yf;Fk; xNu tplaj;jpy; ,Uf;Fk;nghONj vk;khy; xU tplaj;ij rhjpf;fKbAk;. Mdhy; ehk; epidf;fpd;Nwhk;. ,d;Dk; vd;d fz;Lgpbf;f ,Uf;fpd;wJ. vy;yhk; fz;Lgpbf;fg;gl;Ltpl;lNj vd;W Mdhy; mt;thwd;W Vnddpy; Kd;Ndhu;fSk; ,t;thWjhd; vz;zpdhu;fs; Mdhy; mtu;fSk; rpe;jpf;f rpe;jpf;fNt xt;nthU fz;Lgpbg;GfSk; Nahridf;Fj; njd;gLk;. ,d;DnkhU cjhuzkhfNt Nehf;fpdhy; Gifapujj;ijAk; epidf;fyhk;. Kd;du; fupg;Gifapujkhf fz;Lgpbf;fg;gl;l Gifapujk; ,d;W Fsp&l;bfs; nghUj;jg;gl;l Gifapukj; tiu te;Jtpl;lJ. ,e;j Gifapujk; vt;thwhd Gifapujkhf khwpte;jhYk; me;jg; nghUikAk; GfOk; mijf;fz;Lgpbj;j ,y;kiuNa rhUk;. Vnddpy; ,e;jg;Gifapujj;ij cyfpf;F mwpKfk; nra;jtNu mtu;jhd;. ,t;thW> ehKk; mwpKfk; nra;Ak; nghUl;fs; gpw;fhyj;jpy; gy Njhw;wq;fspy; te;jhYk; mjd; cs;shf;fk; ek;ikNa rhUk;. vdNt> ,e;jf; fhyj;jpy; vjpu;fhy rKjhak; gw;wpa jfty;fisf; $l mwptjw;F gy njhopy; El;gq;fs; ntspte;Jtpl;ld. ehk; ,d;W tPdhff; fopf;Fk; Neuq;fspy; xU nrf;fd; $l mw;gkhfNt fhzg;gLfpwJ. Mdhy; Kd;diatu;fspy; mwpthspfs; fz; L gpbg; g J> tiutJ> fiyj; n jhopy; Ntiyg; g hLfs; nra;tjhfNt fhzg;gl;lJ. mwpT Fiwe;jtu;fs; (Xu;msthd) gonkhopfis Nahrpg;gJ> ctikj; njhlu;fs;> kuGj;njhlu;fis cUtikg;gjhfNt fhzg;gl;lhu;fs;. ,NjNtis ,ijitj;Jg;ghu;f;Fk; nghOJ Kd;Ndhu;fs; xU epkplj;ijf;$l tPzbf;ftpy;iy vd;gJ GupfpwJ. Mdhy; ,e;jf;fhyj;jpy; rpWtu;fs; Kjy; ngupatufs; tiu Mghrg;glq;fs; ghu;j;jy;> ehlfq;fs;> fhu;Lz;fs; kw;Wk; tpisahl;Lf;fs; tpisahLjy; vd;gjw;fhfNt Neuj;ijf; tPzbj;Jf;nfhz;bUf;fpwhu;fs;. ‘,d;iwa rpWtu;fs; ehisa jiytu;fs;’ Mfpa ehk; vkJ ,e;j Fwpf;Nfhis itj;J rhjpf; Ntz;Lk;. ,t;thW kpd;Fkpiof;fz;Lgpbj;j Njk]; my;th vbrdpd; fijiag; ghu;j;jhy; vkJ Kaw;rp tPz;NghfhJ vd;W Njhd;Wk;. ,k; Kaw;rpf;F cjhuzkhfg; ghu;jj ; hy; jw;Nghija ,e;jpahtpd; [dhjpgjpia Nehf;fyhk;. mtu;jhd; mg;Jy; fyhk;. rpWtajpNy gul;ilj;jiyAld; fpope;j rl;ilAld; flw;fiuapy; cyhTk; jd;ikiaf; nfhz;l mg;Jy; fyhk; jdJ rpWguhaj;jpNyNa ehk; ek;ehl;il MsNtz;Lk; ek; kf;fis rPug ; Lj;j Ntz;Lk;. ehk; ,e;j rpWguhaj;jpy; ,Uf;Fk; ,e;j epiyia vjpu;fhy rpWtu;fs; ahUk; milaf; $lhJ vd rpe;jpj;jhu;. mtuJ ghLgl;l Kaw;rpNa ,d;W xU [dehaf ehl;il MSk; ijupak; tiu cau;j;jpAs;sJ. vdNt> ‘rPuhd xU vjpu;fhyj;ij cUthf;FtJ ek; xt;nthUtuJk; jiyaha flikahFk;’

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Njrpa ,yf;fpa fiyg; ngUtpoh - 2014

rpNu\;l gpupT – ftpij vOJjy; Nghl;b – Kjyhk; ,lk; nry;tp. vk;.v];.vk;. `p];kh kl;/kk/ kpy;yj; kfspu; kfh tpj;jpahyak;> fhj;jhd;Fb.

GJikg; ngz;fs;

goikahd cyfk; grpahwj; Jbf;Fk; kdpjk; GJik gilj;jpl Gj;Japu; ngw;nwO GJikg; ngz;Nd! Vl;Lf; fy;tpf; fhyk; vjw;F ngz;Zf;F vd;wJ cyfk; Vkhe;J Nghfhky; vopy; gilj;jpl vOe;jpL ngz;Nz! cupikfs; cdf;Fz;L cd;dpy; gw;gy cz;ikAz;L czu;e;jpL ngz;Nd cau; ngw;nwO fz;Nd! cyfk; ,lk; jUk; csp nfhz;L nrJf;fpL cd; iffs; gilj;jpLk; cau;thdNjhu; cd;djkhdNjhu; gilg;gpid rpj;jpuf;fiy rpw;gf;fiy rpwg;ghd fiyfs; gyTk; rpwg;gha; gilj;jpL rpwe;j ngz;Nd! gilg;ghspahf eP gtdpth cyfpdpy; gz;zpa ghtnky;yhk; gUjp Kd; gdpNghy gzpe;jpl itj;J gzp nra;a th gilg;ghsg; ngz;Nd!

fz; fyq;fhNj eP fz;zhd fw;fz;lha; fw;nghOf;fk; fhj;j fz;zpaha; fis fiye;J fz;L gpbg;gf;fs; fiy nra;J

fU Nkfk; tpyf;f fU tpopfs; vd fw;g+u jPg xspfs; vd fk;gPukha; fhl;rpasp fz;Nd! ehl;Lf;F ed;ndwp ey;nyhsp fhl;bl eil NghL eP etpd;wpLk; ed; nrhy;yhy; cau;e;jpL cz;ikg; ngz;Nd! cd; cau; ehl;il cd;djkhf;F cd; jha; ehNl cd;ikg; Nghw;Wk; cau;thd ngz;Nd GJik gilj;jpL Gzpjg; ngz;Nd GtpAk; Gfo;e;jpLk; tz;zk; Gjpait nra;jpL Gj;Japu; fz;Nd Gtpapy; ePAk; GJikg; ngz;Nd!

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Njrpa ,yf;fpa fiyg; ngUtpoh - 2014 rpNu\;l gpupT – fl;Liug; Nghl;b – Kjyhk; ,lk; nry;tp. vk;.N[. ghj;jpkh \{`uj; kl;/kk/ kPuh ghypfh Njrpa ghlrhiy> fhj;jhd;Fb.

Mf;fg+u;tkhd gilg;Gf;fshy; vjpu;fhy rKjhaj;ij nty;Nthk;. khdpld; thoe;J nfhz;bUf;Fk; ,t;tpUgj;Njhuhk; E}w;whz;bNy gy;NtWtpjkhd khw;wq;fisf; fz;L tpj;ijkpF cyfk; xd;W Njhw;wk; ngw toptFj;j fhuzpfs; gyTs;sd. mt;thwhd fhuzpfs; kdpj %isapy; epd;W cUg;ngw;wJ Gj;jhf;fg; gilg;Gf;fs; vd;why; kpifahfhJ. kdpjdhdtd; jd; fle;J te;j fbdkhd ghijiag; gpd;Ndhf;fpg; ghu;f;fpd;w nghOJ vj; j id vj; j idNah ,lu; f isAk; f\; l q; f isAk; fle; J te; N j Nghl;bkpFe;j ,g;G+Tyfpy; rQ;rupj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;Nwhk; vd;why; kpifahfhJ. ek; xt;nthU khdpldJk; cs;sj;jpypUe;Jk; %isapypUe;Jk; gpwe;j vz;zq;fspd; gpujpgypg;Ng xt;nthU gilg;Gf;fSk; MFk;. mt; t ifapy; gilg; G f; f s; vd; g J vOj; J f; f s; > nraw; g hL vd; g tw; i w mbg;gilahff; nfhz;L Njhw;wk; ngw;w NghjpYk; mit ntt;NtWgl;l kdpju;fspd; vz;ztiyfspd; NtWghl;bd; tpisNt! vOj;Jf;fs; mbg;g ilahff; nfhz;L gpwf;Fk; filg;Gf;fNs ‘,yf;fpak; ’ vd;wiof;fg;gLfpd;wJ. ,yf;fpaq;fshdJ ‘fhyj;ijg; gpujpgypf;Fk; fz;zhb vdf; $Wkstpw;F fhyNthl;lj;ij mbg;gilahff; nfhz;L fhy khw;wj;ijak; r%f khw;wj;ijAk; cs;thq;fpj; Njhw;wk; ngw;Ws;sd ,t;tpyf;fpaq;fs;. mt;tifapy; ‘ghujp’ GJik nra;j ,yf;fpathjp Mthu;. mbikj; jisfshy; fl;Lz;L mwpahik vDk; ,Uspy; %o;fpf; fple;j mbikr; r%fj;ijAk; ngz;zbikj; jdj;ijAk; NtNuhL mWj;J gpd; fz;l r%fj;ijw;F jd;gilg;Gf;fspd; thapyhfg; Gj;Jzu;r;rpA+l;bdhu; vdyhk.; ‘ftpij’ vDk; gilg;gpD}lhf ,Uspy; mfg;gl;Lf;fple;j ghuj ehl;il vOr;rpngwr; nra;jJ mtuJ gilg;Gf;fs; vd;why; mij ahuhYk; kWf;fNth kiwf;fNth KbahJ. mNjNghd;W ftpijg;gug;gpd; Moj;ijf; fhl;b rKfj;ij ntw;wpngwr; nra;j ngUik ‘ghujpjhrd;’ vDk; ftpQUf;Nf cupj;jhFk;. ‘mLg;G+Jk; ngz;fSf;F gbg;ngjw;F?’ vd;W $wpa rKfj;jpypUe;J ngz;fis rKfj;jpd; mbj;jsj;jpypUe;J Kd;dzpf;F nfhz;L te;jtu;. ‘rpWfij’ vd;W $wg;gLk; gilg;Gf;fs; thapyhfTk; kdpjdpd; cs;Szu;Tfis vy;yhk; mg;gl;lkhf glk;gpbj;Jf; fhl;batu;fs; rpWfijahrpupau;fs;. ‘kzpf;nfhb’ vDk; gj;jpupifapd; thapyhf rpWfij cyfpy; gpuNtrk; nra;j F.g. uh[Nfhghy;> GJikg;gpj;jd;> fy;fp> nksdp Nghd;Nwhu; Fwpg;gplj;jf;ftu;fs;. ‘tha; typikiaf; fhl;bYk; Ngdhtpd; Kid typikahdJ’ vd;w $w;Wf;fika jq;fspd; vOj;jhf;fg; gilg;Gf;fspd; typikahy; GJTyif cUthf;fpdhu;fs;. ,t;tpyf;fpaq;fisg; nghWj;jtiu ghujkhapDk; <okhapDk; fPioj;NjrkhapDk;

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Nkiyj;NjrkhapDk; vy;yhtplq;fspYk; Mf;fg+u;tkhd ,yf;fpag; gilg;Gf;fspd; ngauhy; kiwe;Jk; capu;tho;eJ ; nfhz;bUf;fpwhu; Nkw;Fyf ftpijahrpupau;> ehlf Mrpupau; vd jdf;Nf cupa gy;NtW Kfq;fisf; nfhz;l ‘N\f;];gpau;’ ,tNu gy Mf;fG+u;tkhd ,yf;fpa gilg;ghw;wYf;F topfhl;bahf ,Ue;jhu;. mNjNghy; ‘khg;g]hd;’ Nghd;w rpWfijahrpupau;fSk; jq;fs; gilg;ghw;wypd; rpwg;ghy; cyif tyk; te;jtu;fs;. ,t;thW vOj;Jyifg; nghWj;jtiu mtw;wpy; gpNtrpj;jtu;fspd; gilg;ghf;fq;fs; Gjpa cyF gw; w pa kdg; g jptpid kdpj rKf; j pd; Kd; nfhz; L te; J epWj;jpd vdyhk;. me;jstpw;F rKff; FiwfisAk; epiwfisAk; Rl;bf;fhl;b mtw;iwnay;yhk; fise;J GJik cyF gilf;f topfhl;bdhu;fs;. Mf;fG+u;tkhd gilg;Gf;fs; vDk; NghJ ntWkNd vOj;jpdhy; vOjp jhs;fspdhy; mr;rpl;L rKfj;ij nrd;wiltij kl;Lk; fUj KbahJ. ,tw;iwnay;yhk; jhz;b jq;fsJ msg;gwpa fhyj;ijAk; nghd;dhd Neuj;ijAk; GJTyifg; gilf;f etPd fz;Lgpbf;Gf;fis cUthf;fpa ‘tpQ;Qhdpfs;’ gw;wpAk; Fwpg;gpl Ntz;Lk;. xt;nthUtUk; jq;fspd; tho;ehspd; ngUk; gFjpia kdpjFyj;jpd; jd;ikfspd; nghUl;L nrytopj;J cyfNk jpUk;gpf; ghu;f;f itj;j fz;Lgpbg;Gf;fSk; $l Mf;fG+u;tkhd gilg;Gf;fNs! njhiytpypUf;Fk; xUtUld; vt;tpj fk;gptop njhlu;Gk; Neubahf ,y;yhJ xUtUld; fijg;gJ xU fhyj;jpy; rhj;jpakpy;iy. mt;thwhd xU fijiaahFk; $wpdhYk; mtu;fis Ntbf;ifahfg; ghu;f;Fk; rKfj;jpd; kj;jpapy; ‘njhiyNgrp’ iaf; fz;Lgpbj;jhu ‘mnyf;\hd;lu; fpu`k;ngy;’ ,d;W cyfj;jpd; ve;j %iyapypUf;Fk; xUtUlDk; ve;jf; fzj;jpYk; ciuahw;w Kbfpd;wJ vd;why; mk;kdpjdpd; Gj;jhf;fr; rpe;jid %yNk ,d;iwa cyF cs;sq;iff;Fs; fplf;fpd;wJ. ‘njhiyf;fhl;b’ %yk; njhiytpYs;s cyif jpUk;gpg; ghu;f;f itj;jtu; ‘fypypNah fyPyp’ jd; fz;Lgpbg;ig cyfNk cjpu;j;jJ. ,Ul;liwapDs; rpiwitj;J FUldhf;fp jd;idf; fy;yiwapd; tpspk;gpy; js;sptpl;l cyfk; E} w;whz;Lfs; fopj;J mtUf;F rpiyitj;Jf; nfhz;lhbaJ. jPuhj gpzpapy; Jd;Gw;w kdpj Fyj;ij kPl;L ghLgl;lhu; ‘Y}ap gh];lu;’ Ez;Zapu;f; nfhy;ypia fz;Lgpbj;jhu;. kjp Nghd;W mofhf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W tjdj;ijg; gw;wp tUzid nra;j Gytu;fs; xU fhyj;jpy; mk;ik Nehapd; jPtpuj;jhy; cz;ikapy; kdpj Kfq;fs; Fd;Wk; FopAk; epiwe;j kjp Nghd;Nw MdJ. mtyl;rzkpFe;j Kfq;fis itj;Jf; nfhz;L rKfj;jpd; Kd;dpiyapy; nry;tjw;F ntl;fg;gl;L tPlb ; Ds; mlq;fpf; fple;J khz;L Nghd rKfj;ij mk;ik NehapypUe;J tpLtpj;jtu; ‘vl;yu;l; n[d;du;’. ,t;thW xt;nthU kdpjdpdJk; jPtpukhd Kaw;rpfspd; %ykhfTk; mtu;fspd; Mw;wy; kpf;f gilg;Gf;fs; %yKk; cyfj;ijg; Gjpa gupzhkj;jpw;F ,l;Lr; nrd;wdu;. md;W tho;ej ; kdpjd; fy;iyAk; fy;iyAk; curp jPiaf; fz;Lgpbj;jJ KjNy cyfk; etPdj;jpd; tpspk;igj; njhl;Ltpl;lJ. G+kpahdJ jl;ilah? cUz;ilah? vd;W tpthjpj;j fhyk; Ngha; g+kpf;F cs;NsAk; ntspNaAk; vd;d

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elf;fpd;wJ vd;W Ma;T nra;Ak; fhykhf khwpAs;sJ. ,t;thwhd Mf;fG+u;tkhd gilg;Gf;fisg; gilj;j gy;NtW egu;fSk; rupj;jpuj;jpy; ,lk;gpbj;Js;sdu;. Nru; epA+l;ld;? Nkupfpa+up> rp.tp. ,uhkd;> fpu`k;ngy;> khu;f;Nfhzp vd;W mLf;fpf; nfhz;Nl Nghfyhk;. gy;NtWgl;l gilg;Gf;fs; cyfpy; Njhd;wpdhYk; $l Mf;fG+ut ; khd gilg;Gf;fshy; kl;LNk Gjpa cyifg; gilf;fKbAk;. ,jw;Fjhuzkhf ‘my;gu;l; Id;];ld;’ cyfj;ijNa cYf;fpf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; mZFz;ilf; fz;Lgpbj;jtu;. ,jd; %yk; ,uz;lhk; cyfkfhAj;j fhyj;jpy; gy cau;Nrjq;fs; Vw;gl;ld. mjd; tpisT ,d;W tiu [g;ghdpd; `pNuh\pkh kw;Wk; ehfrhfp Nghd;w gpuNjrq;fis Ml;bg; gilj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;wJ vdyhk;. ,d;W tiu mq;F gpwf;fpd;w Foe;ijfs; CdkhfNt gpwf;fpd;wd. mq;f xU Gw;G+z;L $l Kisf;fhj epiyNa fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. ,jpypUe;J Mf;fG+u;tkw;w gilg;Gf;fshy; Vw;gLk; rPuopTfis tpsq;Ffpd;wd. ru;tNjr murpay; gug;gpy; $l gy;NtW Nghu;fs; gpur;rpidfs; Vw;gl;Lf; nfhz;Nl ehshe;jk; cs;sd. cyf ty;yuRfs; Vida muRfspy; Nghu;fisj; njhLj;J cyfNk ,d;W RLfhlhf khwpcs;sJ. ,jw;Ff; fhuzk; cyfk; etPdk; fz;L mjd; top nry;tjdhy; MDk;. Mk;! ,d;W fz;Lgpbj;J re;ijf;F ehshe;jk; mwpKfk; nra;ag;gLk; Gjpa tif MAjq;fs; vd;gdNt mjw;Ff; fhuzkhFk;. mNj Nghd;W mz;ikapy; rpupahtpy; eilngw;w ,urhadj;jhf;Fjy; ,jw;F jf;f rhd;whFk;. ,itnay;yhk; etPd fz;Lgpbg;Gf;fspd; tpistpdhy; MFk;. Mdhy; ,it Mf;fg+u;tkhd gilg;ghf ,Ue;jpUe;jhy; ,jd; %yk; r%fk; ed;ikNa fz;bUf;f Ntz;Lk;. MdhYk; ,jw;F khw;wkhf gilg;Gf;fs; %yk; cyfNk mr;RWj;jy; fz;Ls;sJ. tUj;jj;jpw;Fupa tplakhFk;. r%fj; njhlu;ghlw; rhjdq;fs; fz;Lgpbf;fg;gl;l NghJ rKfj;jpd; vy;yh kl;lj;jpYs;s kf;fSk; ,jDs; cs;thq;fg;gl;l NghjpYk; ,d;iwa rKf njhlu;Grhjdq;fs; %yk; gy;NtW jPikfisNa fz;L tUfpd;wJ. Kfg;Gj;jfk;> kpd;dQ;ry;> ,izak; vd;gd ed;ikf;F gad;gLj;jg;gl;lhYk; $l mit jPikapd; topapNyNa ,d;W nry;fpd;wd. Fwpg;ghf Kfg;Gj;jfk; njhlu;gpy; 2014 kl;Lk; ,Jtiu ,yq;ifapy; 500 Kiwg;ghLfs; fpilf;fg; ngw;Ws;sik Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ. Kfg;Gj;jfk; njhlu;gpy; gy;NtW capu;fSk; gupjhgfukhf ,of;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. tpQ;Qhdk; tsu;tjw;F Kd; kdpjd; gy;NtWgl;l mD$yq;fisg; ngwhtpbDk; $l jPikfs; ,d;wpNa tho;eJ ; te;jhd;. Mdhy; ,d;iwa #oypy; thOk; kf;fs; gy;NtWgl;l cly;> cs uPjpahd gpur;rpidfis vjpu;Nehf;Ffpd;wdu;. Mjpfhyj;jpy; tho;e;j kf;fs; ,d;iwa kdpjd; vjpu;Nehf;FtJ Nghd;W gy;JiwapYk; gpur;rpidfs; ,d;wp RKfkhf> re;Njh\khf> MNuhf;fpakhf tho;e;jhd;. cliy tUj;jp Ntiy nra;ahJ ,Ue;j ,lj;jpNyNa fzpdpf;F Kd;dhy; ,Ue;J nfhz;L tpirg;gyifapy; jl;bf;nfhz;Lk; ,Ue;J fpilf;fpd;w mjpub czTfis cz;Lk; tho;e;jhy; gy;NtW cly; njhlu;ghd Neha;fis vjpu;nfhs;fpd;whd;. Gw;WNeha;> cau;FUjpaKf;fk;> nfhy];Nuhy; vd;W GJg;GJ Neha;fs; kdpjid Ml;nfhz;Ls;sJ.

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93

mtrufjp cyfpdhy; kdpju; f spd; Ntiyg; g S mjpfupj; J kduP j pahd cisr;ry;fSf;F Mshfpd;wdu;. ,jdhy; rKfj;jpy; gy;NtWgl;l FLk;gg; gpur;rpidfisAk; ehshe;jk; re;jpf;fpd;wdu;. MfNt jhd; kdpjd; thOk; #oy; gw;wp mwpe;J nfhz;L jk; gilg;Gf;fis Mf;f Kd;tu Ntz;Lk;. Mf;fg+u;tkhd gilg;Gf;fs; %yk; #oy;> kdpjd;> rKfk; vd;gd ghjpg;Gwf;$lhJ. tuyhw;wpdbg;gilapy; fz;Lte;j khw;wq;fis vy;yhk; cs;thq;fp cUthf;fg;gl;l Mf;fq;fs; kdpjidg; gz;gLj;JgtjhfNt fhzg;gl Ntz;LNk xopa kdpjidg; Gz;gLj;Jgitahf ,Uf;ff; $lhJ. ,d;W ehk; fz;Lgpbf;Fk; Mf;fG+u;tkhd thfdq;fs; $l #oYf;F cfe;jjhf #oYf;F Gifff;fhjjhf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. mNjNghd;W rKftiyg;gpd;dy;fs; %yk; Vw;gLk; fyhrhu rPuopTfs; ,y;yhJ rKfj;ij xd;wpizf;Fk; rKf ClfkhfNt mit njhopw;gl Ntz;Lk;. kdpjufspd; cstpaiyg; ghjpf;fhj tz;zk; jpiug;glq;fs; cUthf;fg;gl Ntz; L k; . ,d; W cUthf; f g; g Lk; jpiug; g lq; f isAk; ,yf; f paq; f isAk; nghWj;jtiu tu;j;jfq;fis ikakhff; nfhz;Nl cUthf;fg;gLfpd;wJ. Muk;gfhy fl;lj;jpy; ,yf;fpaq;fs; gilf;fg;gl;lJ Nghd;W rKfj;jpd; ed;ikfis Nehf;fhff; nfhz;L jukhd ,yf;fpak; gilf;Fk; kugpypUe;J tpyfp vjpu;ghy; ftu;r;rpia ntWkNd fhl;lf;$ba ,yf;fpaq;fs; kl;LNk gilf;fg;gLtJ tUj;jj;jpw;Fupa tplakhFk;. mNjNghd; W ,d; W glkhf; f g; g Lfpd; w jpiug; g lf; fhl; r pfis ntWkNd gpuk;khz;lkhf vLf;fg;gLtNjhL kl;Lk; epd;WtpLfpd;wJ. ,jd; %yk; jukhd gilg;Gf;fisf; fhz;gJ mupjpYk; mupjhfptpl;lJ. vdNt jhd; vk;khy; cUthf;fg;gLk; gilg;Gf;fs; ntWkNd tpiyf;F kl;Lk; tpiyNghff;$bathW cUthf;fg;glhJ Mf;fG+u;tkhdjhf vjpu;fhy rKjhaj;ij ntw;wpnfhs;tjhf mika ,iwtidg; gpuhu;j;jpg;Nghkhf!

fpof;F khfhz fiy ,yf;fpag; ngU tpoh - 2014 rpj;jpuk; - fdp\;l gpupT (gpuNjr kl;lk;: 1k; ,lk;> khtl;l kl;lk; : 1k; ,lk;) nry;tp. vk;.V.vg;. m];dh kl;/kk/ my;mkPd; tpj;jpahyak;

fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


]k; ]k;

94

Njrpa ,yf;fpa fiyg; ngUtpoh - 2014 jpwe;j gpupT – ghlyhf;fk; Nghl;b – Kjyhk; ,lk; jpUkjp . kPuhKifjPd; ck;K erPyh ,y. 18/33> my; mkPd; tPjp> Gjpa fhj;jhd;Fb-06.

ehLk; ehKk; Rw;Wr;R+oy; Rj;jk; Ngz VNyyq;fpspNa rw;W ehk; epjhdk; nfhs;Nthk; VNyyq;fpspNa ntw;Wg;Nghj;jy; rpul;il kl;ilnad VNyyq;fpspNa NtW Njitf;fhf;fpLNthk; VNyyq;fpspNa! mz;ik mayhu; eyj;jpnyy;yhk; VNyyq;fpspNa mf;fiw ehk; nfhs;s NtZk; VNyyq;fpspNa fz;fz;l ,lj;jpnyy;yhk; VNyyq;fpspNa fopTfis tPrf;$lhJ VNyyq;fpspNa! tPL NrUk; tpjpj;jpl;l ehb te;J ey;ynjhU

fopTfis VNyyq;fpspNa jpdq;fspNy VNyyq;fpspNa mfw;wpLthu; VNyyq;fpspNa cs;Suhl;rp VNyyq;fpspNa!

efu gpuNjr eyDf;fhf VNyyq;fpspNa ekJ ehl;L murhq;fk; VNyyq;fpspNa efu cjtpj;jpl;lq;fis VNyyq;fpspNa epwg;gkhf nra;fpd;wJ VNyyq;fpspNa! NjbtUk; kuz nlq;if VNyyq;fpspNa Njrpakha; xopf;f jpl;lk; VNyyq;fpspNa Cu; $ba Kd;ndLg;ghy; VNyyq;fpspNa capur;rk; Fiwe;J kf;fs; VNyyq;fpspNa! Rfhjhug; gzp kidapy; VNyyq;fpspNa Rfe; Nrit ,ytrkha VNyyq;fpspNa khefu efu gpuNjr VNyyq;fpspNa khl;rpikf;F cs;Suhl;rp rig VNyyq;fpspNa! fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


]k; ]k;

95 NgRk; kf;fNsh bize;J VNyyq;fpspNa gpuNjr nrayfk; Nritnra;a VNyyq;fpspNa ahrpf;Fk; tWik Nghf;f VNyyq;fpspNa - ,d;W jptpneFk ey;yNrjp jUk; VNyyq;fpspNa! ,ytrf; fy;tp Ald; VNyyq;fpspNa vkf;fhd itj;jpa rhiyfs; VNyyq;fpspNa epiy fhf;f fhyuz;fs; VNyyq;fpspNa – rfyJk; epiwthf vkJ ehl;by; VNyyq;fpspNa! cyff; fpz;zq;fis VNyyq;fpspNa capu; nfhLj;J tpisahb VNyyq;fpspNa vk; kz;zpd; tPuu;fs; VNyyq;fpspNa ntd;W te;J ngUik Nru;g;ghu; VNyyq;fpspNa! Mruj;j jpl;lk; vy;yhk; VNyyq;fpspNa mgptpUj;jp cr;rj;jpNy VNyyq;fpspNa Mrpahtpd; mjprakha; VNyyq;fpspNa mofhd vkJ ,yq;if VNyyq;fpspNa!

fpof;F khfhz fiy ,yf;fpag; ngU tpoh - 2014 rpj;jpuk; - rpNu\;l gpupT (gpuNjr kl;lk;: 1k; ,lk;) nry;tp. V.V.vg;. wpjh kl;/kk/ kpy;yj; kfspu; tpj;jpahyak;

Njrpa ,yf;fpa fiyg; ngUtpoh - 2014 ghyu; gpupT – ftpij ghly; Nghl;b – Kjyhk; ,lk; nry;tp. vk;.v];.vg;. wpdh kl;/kk/ `pOwpa;ah tpj;jpahyak;> fhj;jhd;Fb.

fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


]k; ]k;

96

Njrpa ,yf;fpa fiyg; ngUtpoh - 2014 jpwe;j gpupT – ftpij – Kjyhk; ,lk; jpUkjp. mg+gf;fu; mdP]h ghD ,y. 297/35> gpu;njs]; efu;> Gjpa fhj;jhd;Fb-02

Mz;ltNd mUs; Guptha; cz;ikapid ciuf;fpd;Nwhk; xt;Nthu; ehSk; ,y;tho;tpy; ,dpikAwj; Njw tpy;iy ed;ikfs; nra;fpd;Nwhk;> ehq;fs; ehSk; ed;iknad ey;tho;Tk; mika tpy;iy ,d;gq;fs;> ,Lf;fz;fs; vd;Wk; tho;tpy; milfpd;Nwhk;> Mde;jk; ,y;iy ghupy;> td;ikAld; Nfl;fpd;Nwhk; ty;Nyhd; ,iwth tho;tpdpNy tre;jj;ij gug;gp itNad;! NeaKWk; ez;gu;fs; epjk; ,Ue;jhu; epd;tho;tpy; njhy;iy tu mtu; gpupe;jhu; fatu;fs; fs;tu;fs; tho;T vy;yhk; fhrpdpapy; fUj;JwNt mikAk; NghJ Rakhf cioj;Jz;L fhyk; Nghf;Fk; Nrhjuu;fs; vk; tho;tpy; Nrhfk; epj;jk;! J}atNd njhy;iyfs; jPu;j;J ,e;j (f;) fhrpdpapy; vk; tho;it kyu itNad;! ,iwar;rk;> epidTlNd vq;fs; tho;it cdf;fhf fopf;fpd;Nwhk; xt;Nthu; nghOJk; rpiwAw;Nwhk;> fiwAw;Nwhk; rfj;jpy; ehKk; rpwg;ghd tho;ntz;zpj; jtpf;fpd;NwhNk! eiwAw;w tijnadNt vq;fs; tho;Tk; eype;jjdhy; ehnsy;yhk; Jauk; fz;Nlhk;! Fiwapy;yhf; Ftyakha tho;T xd;iw nfhLj;jUNsd;> J}atnd vkf;F epj;jk;! vj;jpf;fpw; nrd;wpbDk; tho;tpy; epj;jk; vopypd;wpj; jtpf;fpd;Nwhk;> Vf ,with rj;jhd Xu; tho;it ghupy; vd;Wk; je;jUs jaTlNd ,iuQ;Rfpd;Nwhk;! nfhj;jhfj; njhy;iyfs; te;J tho;it Fiyf;fpd;wNj> nfLf;fpwNj ,d; epiyia Kw;whf ePnahopj;J vq;fs; tho;tpy; KWtnyDk; Ky;iyapid kyu itNad;! ngha;apid nghOnjy;yhk; ciuj;J thOk; nghy;yhNjhu; fhz;fpd;whu; epj;jk; kpd;gk; nka;nahd;Nwh Nkd;ikjUk; vd;W vz;zp Nkjpdpapy; rPtpf;Fk; vq;fs; tho;tpy; itakjpy; epiyj;JsNj> gpwu; jatpy; tho;fpd;w epiyikaJ ,jidg; Nghf;fp Iakpy;yh mikjpAW tho;T xd;W Mz;ltNd ,d;wpUe;J mUsr; nra;tha;!

fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


97

]k; ]k; Njrpa ,yf;fpa fiyg; ngUtpoh - 2014

jpwe;j gpupT – rpWfif Mf;fg; Nghl;b – Kjyhk; ,lk; jpUkjp. rpj;jp waP]h Kfk;kJ epah]; ,y. 155> ]htpah tPjp> fhj;jhd;Fb-01.

mk;khTk; mg;ghTk; Ngrpf;nfhz;bUe;jJ uh[htpd; fhJfspy; vNjr;irahf tpOe;jJ. Ngr;rpy; jd; ngaUk; mbglNt fhij $u;ikahf;fpdhd; ‘uh[hit vg;gbq;f tpl;Ll;Lg; Nghw. mtd; rpd;dg;igad;. ujpahtJ rkhspj;Jf; nfhs;ths;. mk;khtpd; ftiyahd Fuy; uh[hit NkYk; ftdkhf Nfl;f itj;jJ. mtu;fspd; Ngr;irf; Nfl;ff; Nfl;f re;NjhrKk; ftiyAk; fye;j Xu; ,de; njupahj czu;tpy; ,Ue;jhd; uh[h. mk;khTk; mg;ghTk; Ntiyepkpj;jk; xUkhjk; fl;lhakhf ntspa+u; nry;fpwhu;fs; gps;isfis vd;d nra;tJ? vd;gNj mtu;fspd; Ngr;rpd; rhuhk;rk;. ‘ehd; tuy;Ny. ePq;fkl;Lk; Ngha; thUq;fs;’ mk;kh Kbthfr; nrhd;dhs;. ‘mwpNthLjhd; NgRfpwhah? ,e; j l; n uapdpq; f pw; F g; Nghfhl; b cd; i d NtiyapypUe;Nj J}f;fptpLthu;fs;. mg;Gwk; vg;gb FLk;gr; nryitr; rkhspg;gJ? gps;isfspd; gbg;igf; Fiyf;f KbahJ. mtu;fs; ];$y; NghfDk;. mjdhy; mtu;fisAk; $l;br; nry;y KbahJ. vd;d nra;ayhk; vd;W Nahrp’ kidtpf;F fl;lisapl;ltuhf mg;ghTk; rpe;jidapy; Mo;e;jhu;. ePz;l Neu MNyhridapd; gpd; vq;fis khyh md;upAld; jq;fitg;gJ vd;W KbntLf;fg;gl;lJ. mjd; gpd; vq;fsplk; nra;jp njuptpf;fg;gl;L mgpg;gpuhak; Nfl;fg;gl;lJ. uh[hTf;Nfh re;Njhrk; jhstpy;iy. vg;NghJk; gbgbnad;W nrhy;y mk;kh ,y;iy. ed;whf fhu;l^ ; d; ghu;ff ; yhk;. tpisahlyhk;. fhiyapy; J}q;fyhk;. I];fpwPk; …k;…. rhg;gplyhk;. Rje;jpukhfj; jpupayhk;… ,d;Dk; vj;jidNah …yhk;fs;. 12 taJ uh[htpw;F ,J xU kfpo;r;rpahd tplakhfNt Njhd;wpaJ. ‘ehq;f Ngha;tUk; tiu cq;fshy; ,Uf;fKbAkh? rkhspg;gPu;fsh?’ mg;gh ftiyAld;jhd; Nfl;lhu; mk;khtpd; Kfj;jpNyh cyfj;jpd; nkhj;jftiyfSk; Fbnfhz;bUe;jd. ‘ehd; ,Ue;Jnfhs;Ntd;. mf;fhitAk; ghu;j;Jf;nfhs;Ntd;. ePq;fs; ftiyg;glhky; Ngha; thUq;fs; mg;gh> mk;kh’ vd;W ngupa kdpjd; Njhuizapy; $wpa uh[hit mg;gbNa fl;bf;nfhz;lhs; mk;kh. xUthW gazehs; te;jJ. g];epiyak; tiu nrd;W mOJ nfhz;Nl Gwg;gl;l mg;ghitAk; mk;khitAk; rpupj;Jf;nfhz;Nl topaDg;gpdhd;. gpwe;jjpypUe;J ngw;Nwhiug; gpupe;jwpahj uh[htpw;F ,J xU Gjpa mDgtkhf ,Ue;jJ. Mdhy; mtDf;F vjpu;khwhf mtdJ mf;fh ujp mOJ nfhz;bUe;jJ mtDf;F Mr;rupaakhf ,Ue;jJ. ,tu; Vd; mOfpwhu;. mg;gh> mk;kh ,y;yhtpl;lhy; ey;ye;jhNd vd jdf;Fs;Ns Nfl;Lf;nfhz;lhd;. ‘uh[h ,q;Nf th’ vd mioj;j khyh md;upaplk; ‘ehd; tpisahbl;L thud;’ vd gjpiy vjpu;ghuhky; rpl;lha; ntspNa gwe;j2014 hd;. fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh;


]k; ]k;

98

Kjy; thuj;ij jd; tpUg;gg;gbNa fopj;jhd;. uh[h kWf;Fk; md;upaplk; gpbthjkhf mOJ vijAk; rhjpj;Jf; nfhz;lhd;. jpdKk; I];fpwPk.; ‘xU ehs; mk;kh I];fpwPk; rhg;gpl tpLtNjapy;iy rsp> rspnad;W rupahd fl;Lg;ghL. ,Njh ehd; jpdKk; thq;fpr; rhg;gpLfpNwNd> vd;dj ele;Jtplg;NghfpwJ’ vd;W jdf;Fj;jhNd Nfl;Lf; nfhz;lhd;. tpisahl;Lk; TV Akhf nghOijf; fopj;jhd;. khyh md;upNah mtidf; fl;Lg;gLj;Jk; topnjupahky; jpifj;jhs;. ,uz;lhtJ thuKk; mg;gbNa fope;jJ. %d;whtJ thuj;jpy; nky;y vl;bg;ghu;j;j rsp ,Uky; fha;r;rYld; ngupjhfp itj;jparhiyapy; ml;kpl; gz;zNtz;ba mstpw;F te;Jtpl;lJ. nky;y nky;y mk;kh mg;ghtpd; Njit Gupaj;njhlq;fpaJ mtDf;F. mtdhy; ,dp xU epkplk; $l mtu;fs; ,y;yhky; ,Uf;f Kbatpy;iy. ‘jk;gpf;F vd;d thq;fp tu’ mk;kh Kjy; thuk; Nghdpy; Nfl;lNghJ nrhfNyl;> fhu;nghk;ik> nlhgp vd mLf;fpa rhkhd; yp];il ,g;NghJ epidj;jhy; Nfhgk; Nfhgkha; te;jJ. mk;khtplk; cldbahfg; NgrNtz;Lk; Nghy; ,Ue;jJ. M];gj;jpup fl;bypy; ,Ue;Jnfhz;L mk;khtpw;F xU fbjk; vOjpdhd;. ftdkhf mij kbj;J xl;bdhd;. mk;kh te;jJk; fhl;b Ntz;Lk; vd;W gj;jpukhf vLj;J itj;Jf; nfhz;lhd;. mg;gbNa mau;e;J J}q;fptpl;lhd;. ‘uh[h> uh[h…. vOk;Gq;f. ,e;j [_i]f;Fbq;f ,d;dpf;F cq;fis tPl;bw;F Nghfr; nrhy;ypl;lhq;f. vOk;Gq;f…’ ahu;? mk;khth? mk;khjhd;. Mdhy; Vd; nts;is cLg;gpy; epw;fpwhu;. ifapy; vd;d? [_]; fpsh];. ‘mk;kh.. mk;kh… eP vq;Nfk;kh Nghd. vd;dhy; jdpah ,Uf;f Kbayk;kh. thk;kh tPl;bw;fg; Nghfyhk;’ mk;khtpd; ifiag; gpbj;Jf;nfhz;L mOjhd;. ‘,e;k [_i]f; Fbq;f. Nghtk;’ fpshi] mtdJ thapd; mUNf nfhz;Lte;jhs; mk;kh. mtd; Fbf;fj; njhlq;Fk; NghJ> fpshi]j; jl;btpl;lhs;. ‘mk;kh ,y;iynad;W cd; ,\;lj;jpw;F jpupe;J tpl;L ,g;NghJ ghu;. eP ,g;NghJ Nehapdhy; rhfg;Nghfpwha;. cd; mk;kh ,dp tukhl;lhu;. cd;id ehd; xU W}kpy; Nghl;L milf;fg;NghfpNwd;. mq;Nf vyp> G+uhd;> kl;ilj;Njs; Vd; ghk;G vy;yhk; ,Uf;F. nrhy; Nfshj gps;;isfSf;F ,Jjhd; jz;lid’ vd;wts; mtidj; jujuntd;W ,Oj;Jr; nrd;W Xu; ,Ul;L miwf;Fs; js;spg; G+l;bdhy;. fjtpd; Nky; iffshy; mbj;Jf;nfhz;L ‘mk;kh> mk;kh ehd; ,dpNk mg;gbr;nra;akhl;Nld;. vd;id kd;dpj;J tpLq;fs;. mk;kh mg;gh ,y;yhjJ vt;tsT nfl;l tplak; vd;W ,g;NghJjhd; GupfpwJ. ngw;NwhNuhL ,Ug;gJjhd; cz;ikahd Rje;jpuk; vd;W vdf;F ,g;Nfh tpsq;FfpwJ. mk;kh fjitj; jpwq;f… vdf;Fg; gakh ,Uf;F…. mk;kh… mk;kh… M…’ vd;W mywpatdhf fPNo rha;e;jhd;. ‘uh[h> uh[h… vOe;jpU vd;d ,J fl;bypypUe;J tpOe;Jtpl;lhah? ,Njh ghu; cd; mk;kh te;Jtpl;Nld;. fz;izj;jpw’ uh[h fz;izj; jpwe;J ghu;jj ; hd;. M];gj;jpupf; fl;bypy; ,Ue;J fPNo tpOe;jpUe;jhd;. ml… fdT…. vd;d gaq;fuk;!!

fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


]k; ]k;

99

cz;ikapNyNa mk;kh mtd; Kd;Nd gr;ir epw Nriyapy; mt;d mk;kh mtd; Kd;Nd…. ‘vd; mk;kh vt;tsT moF. ahUk; mtiug;Nghy; mofpy;iy’ kdjpDs; jhdhf vz;zk; XbaJ. ‘Nr…. vd;d ,d;W ,g;gbnay;yhk; epidf;fpNwd;. ,t;tsT fhyKk; ehk; mk;khNthL ,t;tsT cupikNahL neUf;fkhf czu;e;jjpy;iy. vd;d klj;jdk;. mk;kh nrhy;Yk; mwpTiufSk; ey;y tplaq;fSk; vdf;Fg; gpbf;ftpy;iy. mjdhy;jhd; mtis xU tpNuhjpNghy; ghu;j;jpUf;fpd;Nwd;. tpisahl;Lg; Gj;jp mk;khit KOikahfg; gupe;j nfhs;s mtid tpl;bUf;ftpy;iy vd;gj ,g;NghJjhd; mtDf;F tpsq;fpaJ. ‘mk;kh.. mk;kh… ehd;… ePq;f…. te;J’ ehf;fj; jLkhw mk;khit mizj;Jf;nfhz;lhd;. ‘,dpNky; vq;NfAk; vd;id tpl;Ltpl;Lg; Nghfhjk;kh…..’ ‘,y;ylh. ehd; vq;NfAk; Nghfkhl;Nld;. vd; nry;yk;… mk;khit uhk;g kp]; gz;zpahlh?... th tPl;bw;Fg; Nghfyhk;’ kfid mizj;jthW mioj;Jf;nfhz;L tPl;il Nehf;fpg; Gwg;gl;lhs; mk;kh! cyfnkhj;jKk; mtDf;Fr; nrhe;jkhfp tpl;lJNghy; re;Njhrj;NjhL mk;khNthL ele;J nrd;whd; uh[h.

Njrpa ,yf;fpa fiyg; ngUtpoh - 2014 ghyu; gpupT – ifnaOj;Jg; Nghl;b – Kjyhk; ,lk; (jkpo;) nry;tp. K.,. ghj;jpkh ,];gh kl;/kk/ ]htpah kfspu; tpj;jpahyak;> fhj;jhd;Fb Njrpa ,yf;fpa fiyg; ngUtpoh – 2014 ghyu; gpupT – ifnaOj;Jg; Nghl;b – Kjyhk; ,lk; (Mq;fpyk;) nry;tp. m.m. ghj;jpkh g];Yy; udh kl;/kk/ ]htpah kfspu; tpj;jpahyak;> fhj;jhd;Fb. Njrpa ,yf;fpa fiyg; ngUtpoh – 2014 fdp\;l gpupT – ftpij ghly; Nghl;b – Kjyhk; ,lk; nry;tp. V.V. MRy; kpg;u`h kk;`J];]{d;dh me;egtpa;ah kfspu; muGf; fy;Y}up> fhj;jhd;Fb. fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


]k; ]k;

100

2014 gpuNjr fiy ,yf;fpa tpkhtpy; nfsutpf;fg;gLNthh;

fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


]k; ]k;

101 my;`h[;.jk;gp nyg;ig- mg;Jy; m]P]; (eifr;Rit)

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102 fhj;jhd;Fb w`Pk;(ftpij)

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103

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fiyQu;

rpwPju; gpr;irag;gh> cf;Ftis fkhy;> khj;jis Ri`y; MfpNahUld; Nkilf; fiyepo;r;rpapYk;> kl;lf;fsg;G efu kz;lgj;jpYk; ele;j ,ir epfo;r;rpapYk; gq;Nfw;Ws;shu;.gy;NtW ghlrhiyfspd; nghd; tpohg;ghly;fs;> tuNtw;Gg; ghly;fs; vd;gd ,tuhy; ,aw;wg;gl;Ls;sJld; gpuNjr nrayhsu; mtu;fspd; Nritiag; ghuhl;bg; ghlg;gl;l gly;fSk; ,Wtl;Lf;fshf ntspaplg;gl;Ls;sikAk; Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ. ,f;fiyQiu ,t;tUl(2014) gpuNjr fyhrhu rhfpj;jpa tpohtpd;NghJ ,tuJ fiyg;gzpfSf;fhf tpUJ toq;fp nfsutpg;gjpy; fhj;jhd;Fb fyhrhug; NguitahdJ ngUkfpo;r;rpailfpd;wJ.

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104

fr;rpKfk;kJ- gJu;jPd;(Xtpak;) ,tu; ku;`_k; fr;rpKfk;kJ>mt;thg;gps;is jk;gj;pfSf;F 1972.04.13 k; jpfjp gpwe; J s; s hu; . ,tu; Nghw; w g; g l; l Xtpad; . jdJ fy; t p fw; F k; fhyj; j pNyNa ,tUld; Nru;e;Nj Xtpaf;fiyAk; tsu;e;Js;sJ vdyhk;.,jdhy; rfkhztu; f shYk; ezgu; f shYk; Mrpupau; f shYk; ghuhl;bidg; ngw;Wf;nfhz;l ,tu; tWik fhuzkhf jdJ fy;tpiaf; f.ngh.j(rh.j) tiu epWj;jptpl;L Xtpaf;fiyiaj; njhopyhff; nfhz;Ls;shu;. Xtpak; > ifg; g zpfs; t btikg; G > ngapd; b q; > ]; b f; f u; f s; jahupj; j y; vd;gtw;wpy; rpwg; G j; Nju; r ; r piag; ngw; Ws; s ,tu; fhj; j hd; F bapy; kl;Lkd;wp ntspkhtl;lq;fspYs;s mur epWtdq;fs;>jdpahu; epWtdq;fs; > ghlrhiyfs; > tq; f pfs; > rq; f q; f s; > fofq; f s; vd; g tw; W f; f hd ngau; g ; g yiffs; > mwptpj; j w; g yiffs; kw; W k; tpsk; g ug; g yiffs; vd;gtw;iw tbtikj;Jf; nfhLj;Jg; ghuhl;bidg; ngw;Ws;shu;.Nju;jy; fhyq;fspy; tbtikf;fg;gl;l murpay; tpsk;huq;fSf;fspDhlhfj; jdJ jpwikia ntspg;gLj;jpajd; thapyhfg; gy ghuhl;Lg;gjf;fq;fisAk; ngw;Wf;nfhz;Ls;shu;.,jpy; mjpNkjF [dhjpgjp k`pe;j uh[gf;] mtu; f Sf; f hd rpwg; G Xtpak; xd; w pid tiue; J guprspj; j jd; thapyhf nghUshjhug; gpujpaikr; r u; . my; ` h[; . MLAM.`p]; G y; y h mtu; f shYk; > [dhjpgjp mtu; f shYk; Neubahfg; ghuhl; b idAk; tho;j;jpidAk; ngw;Wf;nfhz;ltu;. ,jw;fk; mg;ghy; rkak; rhu;e;j Gdpjj;jyq;fspd; glq;fis jj;Ugkhf tiue;J rhjid gilj;j ,tiu 1999k; Mz;L fuPg; eth]; ngsz;Nlrdhy; “Xtpa xsp” vDk; gl;lKk; tpUJk; toq;fp nfsutpf;fg;gl;Ls;sik Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ. fle;j 35 Mz;Lfshf Xtpaj;Jiwapy; rpwe;J tpaq;Fk; ,f;fiyQiu ,t; t Ul(2014) gpuNjr fyhrhu rhfpj; j pa tpohtpd; N ghJ ,tuJ fiyg;gzpfSf;fhf tpUJ toq;fp nfsutpg;gjpy; fhj;jhd;Fb fyhrhug; fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


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105

Kfk;kJ mg;Jy; fhju; - Kfk;kJ n[yP];(Clfk;) ,tu; ku;`_k; Kfk;kJ mg;Jy; fhju;> `t;th ck;kh jk; g jpapdupd; ,isa Gty; t uhf 1975.05.14 k; jpfjp gpwe;Js;shu;.,tu; jdJ Muk;gf;fy;tpia kl;/ nkj;ijg;gs;sp tpj; j pahyaj; j pYk; cau; f y; t pia fhj; j hd; F b kj; j pa fy;YhupapYk; fw;Ws;shu;. Muk;g fhyj;jpy; vKj;Jj; Jiwapy; Mu;tk; nfhz;bUe;j ,tu; Njrpa ,isQu;kd;w Njrpa xd;wpizg;Gj; jpl;lkply; gpuptpdhy; ntspaplg;gl;l “A+j;” rQ;rpiff;F “kuzk;” vDk; jiyg;gpyhd Mf;fj;jpid vOjpAs;shu;. 2003k; Mz;L rpwP yq;fh kPbah Nghuj;jpd; mDruizapy; elhj;jg;gl;l Clfk; njhlu;gpyhd gapw;rpg;gl;liwapYk;> fpof;Fg; gy;fiyf; fofj;jpd; ,jopay; njhlu;ghd fw;if newpapidAk; G+u;j;jp nra;Js;s ,tu; mr;R Clfq;fspd; Clftpayhsuhdhu;.jw;NghJ 2013k; Mz;L njhlf;fk; www. newsbest.net vd;w ,iza jsj;jpd; Kfhikj;Jtg; gzpg;ghsuhfTk; nraw;gl;L tUfpd;whu;. 2005,y; cs;Su; gj;jpupiffspd; thapyhf jd;id mwpKfg;gLj;jpfn ; fhz;L 2006k; Mz; L “,d; l u; epA+]; ” vd; w ru; t Njr ,yj; j udpay; Clfj;jpd; jd;id ,izj;Jf;nfhz;L ,yq;ifj; jPtpYs;s xd;gJ khfhzq;fspYKs;s kf;fspd; gy;NtW gpur;rpidfSf;Fj; jPuptpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhLj;Js;sJs;sikf;fhf 2008k; Mz;L Ie;J Clf mikg;Gfs; ,ize;J toq;fpa rfpg;Gj;jd;ikf;fhd fpof;F khfhzj;jpw;fhd tpUJk;> mNj Mz;L kl;lf;fsg;G Clf mikg;gpdhy; “,sk; Clftpayhsu;” vDk; tpUJk; toq;fp nfsutpf;fg;gl;Ls;shu;. NkYk; fhj; j hd; F bapd; r%f thndhypahd “wp]hyh FM”thu ciufy;>ngz;fSf;Fk; tYT+l;lYf;Fkhd mikg;G ep[k; rq;rpif vd;gdw;wpdhy; rpwe;j ClftpayhsuhfTk; mfpy ,yq;if el;GwT xd; w paj; j pdhy; 2012k; Mz; L “rhkrpwP Njr rf; j p” vd; w nfsut tpUjpidAk; ngw;Ws;sik Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.jw;NghJ tpbnts;sp> nkl;Nwh> ,yq;if xypgug;Gf; $l;Lj;jghdk;> gpiw FM>ntw;wp FM Mfpa gy;NtW Clfq;fspy; Rje;jpu ClftpayhsuhfTk; nraw;gLfpd;whu;. ,f;fiyQiu ,t;tUl(2014) gpuNjr fyhrhu rhfpj;jpa tpohtpd;NghJ ,tuJ fiyg;gzpfSf;fhf tpUJ toq;fp nfsutpg;gjpy; fhj;jhd;Fb fyhrhug; NguitahdJ ngUkfpo;r;rpailfpd;wJ.

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]k; ]k;

106

Kfk;kJ rhyp- Kfk;kJ KifjPd; (,yf;fpak;) ,tu; Gjpa fhj; j hd; F b 03 ,y; 1979.06.07k; jpfjp Kfk;kJ rhyp(eh$uhu;)>`pjhaj;Jk;kh jk;gjpapdupd; Gjy;tu;.jdJ Muk;gf; fy;tpia kl;/ my;-mkPd; tpj; j pahyak; > kl; /fhj; j hd; F b kj;jpa fy;YhupapYk; ,ilepiyf;fy;tpia jpUnfhzkiy ]h`pwh fy; Y hupapYk; cau; f y; t pia ,e;Jf;fy;YhupapYk; fw;Ws;shu;.jw;NghJ njd;idg; gapur ; n ; ra;if rigapy; Ma;T $lj; njhopy; El;gtpayhsuhfg; gzpGupfpd;whu;. ‘fhj;jefu; kifjPd; rhyp’ vDk; Gidg;ngaupy; 2000k; Mz;Lfspy; ,ue;J ftpijahf;fk;> rpWfijahf;fk; vd;gtw;wpy; jdJ Mw;wy;fis ntspg;gLj;jptUtJld; Njrpa gj;jpupiffspYk; fhj;jhd;Fb ,d;Ngh Nghd;w ,izaj;jsq;fspYk; ntspapl;L tUfpd;whu;.NkYk; gy Nkil epfo;TfspYk; ftpijfSk; gbj;Js;shu;. 2 0 1 1 k ; M z ; L , t u h y ; v O j g ; g l ; l “t h o ; j y ; k P j h d td;Kiwfs;”vDk; jdJ fd;dpr; rpWfij EhYf;F “nfhlNf Njrpa tpUJ toq;fg;gl;Ls;sJld; 2001k; Mz;L m];ug; epidT ftpijg; Nghl;bapy; Njrpa uPjpapy; 2k; ,lk;> 2010k; Mz;L coif;Fk; kf;fs; fiytpoh rpWfijg; Nghl;bapy; Njrpa uPjpapy; Kjyplk;>2011k; Mz;L ‘tpau;itapd; Xtpak;’ ftpijg; Nghl;bapy; 2k; ,lk;> rpWfijg; Nghl;bapy; rpwg;Gg; gupR 2012 FUkz;ntsp mUl;nry;tehafk; rpWfijg; Nghl;bapy; Njrpa uPjpapy; Kjyplk; Nghd;w Njrpa uPjpapyhd tpUJfisAk; guprpy;fisAk; ntw;wpnfhz;ltu;. 2002>2011k; Mz;Lfspy; eilnge;e ,];yhkpa jkpo; ,yf;foa khehLfspy; NguhsuhfTk; fye;J nfhz;Ls;s ,tu; tpiutpy; ftpij kw;Wk; rpWfij Ehl;fisAk; ntspaplTs;shu;. fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014

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108

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vd;w kuGf;ftpij jpdfudpy; 1987 Mz;L gpu-

njhlu;e;J jpdfud;thukQ;rup> rpe;jhkzp> etkzp> fpof;Fkz;>kw;Wk; jw;fhy gpurpj;jkhd ,izaj;jsq;fspYk; ,tupdJ ftpijfs; gpuRukhfpAs;sJ. ,yf;fpa Nkilfspy; ,tuhy; ghlg;gl;l tUk; ftpijfs; ghuhl;Lf;fis ngw;W tUtJk; Fwpg;gplj;jf;fjhFk;. ftpij Nghl;bfspy; gq;Fgw;wp guprpy;fs; ngw;Ws;s ,tUf;F nghw;fpspAk; fpilf;fg;ngw;ws;sJ. kNyrpahtpy; eilngw;w ,];yhkpaj;jkpo; ,yf;fpa khehL> ,e;jpa fhay;gl;lz ,yf;fpa khehLfspYk; gq;Nfw;Ws;shu;; neUg;G epoy; vDk; ftpijj; njhFjp tpiutpy; ntsptuTs;sJk; Fwpg;gplj;jf;fjhFk;. ,tw;Wf;fg;ghy; ePz;lfhykhf r%fg;gzpapy; Mu;tyuhd ,tu; fhj;jhd;Fb r%kjpg;gpl;Lf;fhd mikg;gpd; jiytu; fhj;jhd;Fb ,];yhkpa ,yf;fpaf;fofj;jpd; nghJr;nrayhsu;> Gjpa fhj;jhd;Fb ngupa [_k;mg;gs;spthaypd; ek;gpf;ifahsu; vd;W gy;NtW r%Nrit epWtdq;fspy; ,ize;J r%fg;gzpahw;wpAk; tUfpwhu;.

fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014


]k; ]k;

109

tpohtpw;F mDruid toq;fpa jptpneFk rq;fq;fs;. 1. gs;spthay;fs; K];ypk; epWtdq;fspd; rk;Nksdk; 2. jypghd;> tp\;lk; - 167C 3. fpd;FNwh]; - 162A 4. rgh - 167A 5. K\h;ug;> rgh - 167B 6. rgh - 167B 7. GytdhH - 167E 8. [d;dj; - 162 9. KifjPd; - 162 10. M\h - 164A 11. nksyhdh> ckHruPg; - 166A 12. uPkh lutyH];

fyhrhu tpoh rpwg;G kyh; 2014

ஸம் ஸம் சிறப்பு மலர்  

காத்தான்குடி பிரதேச செயலகத்தின் கலாசார பேரவையினால் வெளியிடப்பட்ட 4வது சிறப்பு மலர்

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