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Things Must Know Dry Mouth Causes Symptoms Solutions Dry mouth is defined as the abnormal dryness of the mouth resulting from decreased secretion of saliva. Xerostomia is a medical term used to refer to dry mouth. So, what are the various signs of dry mouth? If you suffer from any of the following, it may be a sign of dry mouth.

SYMPTOMS • • • • • • • •

Constant thirst Cracked lips, mouth sores, and skin cracking at mouth corners Dry throat A burning mouth or stinging sensation on the tongue A dry tongue, or red tongue Difficulty in speaking, and in chewing and ingestion of food Sore throat, or dryness in nasal passage Bad odor in the mouth


When you have less salivary secretion, you feel your mouth to be dry. Saliva is a digestive enzyme, a cleansing agent, and a moisturizer. It has also got germicidal properties and so protects the mouth from micro-organisms like fungi and bacteria. A mouth without saliva would be a parody, and a very uncomfortable proposition. A variety of reasons may lead to dry mouth. Please find the list of causes below. CAUSES • • • • • •

Certain medicines used in the treatment of acne, hypertension, epilepsy, and obesity, and bronchodilators used for asthma, Parkinson’s disease, depression, anxiety, diarrhea, or nausea, may have dry mouth as a side effect Dry mouth is often seen in people suffering from AIDS. It is a symptom of even a minor infectious disease like mumps, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, rheumatoid arthritis, cystic fibrosis, diabetes, and anemia and stroke and hypertension have dry mouth as a symptom Chemotherapy done for cancer can result in reduced production of saliva Any damage to a nerve around the mouth, which is supplying the salivary glands, can cause a dry mouth Dehydration due to diseases. Vomiting, diarrhea, fever, loss of blood, burn injuries, or heavy sweating can cause the body to dehydrate Daily habits like Open-mouthed breathing, tobacco chewing, or smoking can affect a faster rate of drying of saliva and increase dryness of the mouth


Dry mouth puts a person at increased risk of mouth infections like thrush, tooth decay, and gingivitis, a gum disease. Wearing dentures is also not easy for people who have a dry mouth. How to get rid of dry mouth? Regular visits to your dental physician will guide you in finding the problem in right time with right solutions like: • • • • • •

Chewing candy or gum that is sugar-free Drinking large quantities of water Using a fluoride toothpaste and fluoride oral rinse Remembering to keep the mouth closed Using a vaporizer that can moisturize the air Over the counter medications are available which can work as a saliva substitute

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Things Must Know Dry Mouth Causes Symptoms Solutions