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Skin Lightening Treatment Considering undergoing a skin lightening treatment? Here is a list of things that could help: MEDICINES a. Facewash – certain medicated face washes available have skin lightening agents such as glycolic acid, arbutin, azelaic acid used at least twice daily on a regular basis helps in improving the skin tone. b. Suncscreens – sunscreens with oxybenzone, avobenzone and zinc oxide when used regularly 10-15 minutes before sun exposure helps in preventing pigmentation due to chronic sun exposure. It also helps in preventing the aggravation of existing pigmentation. c. Hydroquinone – It is a hydroxyphenolic compound frequently used for skin lightening. It acts by inhibition of enzyme involved in melanin (pigment reducing cells) synthesis. It also is toxic to preexisting melanin. Patients on hydroquinone have to be put on broad spectrum sunscreens because exposure to sunlight can cause repigmentation. Side effects are burning, irritation and allergic contact dermatitis. d. Azelaic Acid – It is a dicarboxylic acid and has the same mechanism of action as hydroquinone. Side effects are the same as that of hydroquinone. The available concentration for skin lightening is 20%. However it is highly recommended that you consult your dermatologist before going for it. e. Retinoic Acid – It increases the dispersion of melanin granules throughout epidermis. It is used for pigmented acne scars, melasma, freckles, and lantigines. Retinoic acid should be applied during night time to avoid photosensitivity and broad spectrum sunscreens should be used during treatment. f. Glycolic Acid – It is an alpha-hydroxy acid or fruit acid that’s found in sugarcane, sugar beets, or unripe grapes. It inhibits the enzyme involved in melanin synthesis. It is available in cream form but most commonly used as a chemical peeling agent. g. Kojic Acid – It is isolated from “koji” or malted rice in Japan and hence the name. Mechanism of action is same as others. CHEMICAL PEELING Peels are controlled chemical burns that can be used for skin lightening, facial rejuvenation, acne and acne scars. Commonly used peels are glycolic acid, tricholoroacetic acid, salicylic acid and combination peels. The peeling session has to be repeated every 3 to 4 weeks for

best results for a period of 6 months. Regular use of sunscreens and moisturizing cream and use of other sun protective measures is advisable while on treatment. For detailed explanation, please refer to my blog MICRODERMABRASION (MDA) It’s a technique wherein negative pressure is created using a suction probe that abrades and removes superficial layer of skin. This technique is being widely used for non-ablative skin lightening. The crystals used in microdermabrasion are diamond and aluminium crystals. Regular use of sunscreen while on treatment is advisable. Treatment to be repeated until satisfactory results are seen. LASER The CO2 LASER was the earliest used for skin lightening and resurfacing. The advent of newer LASERs such as Erbium:YAG has improved the clinical outcome in cases of skin lightening. Article Source Published at Dr. Kisalay Saurav’s blog

Skin Lightening Treatment  

Considering undergoing a skin lightening treatment? Here is a list of things that could help: Facewash, Suncscreens, Hydroquinone, Azelaic A...