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2013-2014

Bosstraat 9 2861 O.L.V. - Waver

EM COMPANY

GIP BIJLAGE Dries Kerkhofs 6 AIT


Woord vooraf Ik heb dit eindwerk geschreven in kader van mijn ge誰ntegreerde proef. De ge誰ntegreerde proef of GIP maakt in het TSO KSO en BSO een belangrijk deel uit van het examenprogramma van het laatste jaar. Dit is een vakoverschrijdend werk waarin zoveel mogelijk verschillende vakken aan bod komen. De GIP wordt beoordeeld door een gemengde jury van zowel interne als externe leerkrachten. De leerling bewijst hiermee dat hij alles kan wat nodig is om het diploma TSO te verkrijgen. Ik zou graag de managers van EM Company bedanken want zonder hen was dit nooit mogelijk geweest. Dit zijn: Jeroen Leys, Robbert Cools, Yorne Thys, Isabelle Van Eyken, Laurens Fostier en Elien Van Hoof. Ook zou ik graag de leerkrachten willen bedanken die ons begeleid hebben door dit eindwerk: Mevrouw Serneels, Mijnheer Fierens, Mevrouw Verwulgen, Mevrouw De Vis, Mijnheer Gerard en Mijnheer Delcourte.


Inhoudsopgave Inleiding ........................................................................................................ 7 1

2

Toegepaste bedrijfseconomie ................................................................... 9 1.1

Bijlage 1 ................................................................................................ 9

1.2

Bijlage 2 .............................................................................................. 11

Engels .................................................................................................... 17 2.1

Bijlage 3 .............................................................................................. 17

2.2

Bijlage 4 .............................................................................................. 20

Besluit ......................................................................................................... 21


Inleiding In dit jaar hebben wij een fictief bedrijf opgestart dat elektronische scooters verkoopt. Onze hele klas is ĂŠĂŠn bedrijf en iedereen heeft zijn eigen functie. Mijn functie is financieel directeur samen met Robbert Cools. Dit is de enige functie met 2 personen. De vakken die hier aan bod komen zijn: toegepaste bedrijfseconomie, toegepaste informatica, wiskunde, Nederlands, Frans en Engels. Er zijn zowel individuele als groepsopdrachten dus heb ik 2 aparte bundels gemaakt. Bij de individuele opdrachten waren er opdrachten die voor een specifieke functie waren. Maar er waren ook opdrachten die iedereen moest maken zoals facturen boeken in het boekhoudprogramma BOB


1 Toegepaste bedrijfseconomie 1.1 Bijlage 1 Rendabiliteit eigen vermogen In woorden: (winst(verlies) van het boekjaar + belastingen + betaalde intresten) / totaal vermogen * 100

winst(verlies) boekjaar

belastingen

€ 1 620 000,00

betaalde intresten

€ 405 000,00

€ 1 538 000,00

totaal vermogen

rendabiliteit Totaal vermogen

€ 47 994 000,00 7,42 %

Rendabiliteit totaal vermogen In woorden: winst(verlies) van het boekjaar / eigen vermogen * 100 winst(verlies) boekjaar

eigen vermogen

€ 1 620 000,00

rendabiliteit eigen vermogen

€ 23 522 000,00 6,89 %

Solvabiliteit In woorden: eigen vermogen/ totaal vermogen * 100 Eigen vermogen

totaal vermogen

€ 23 522 000,00

Solvabiliteit

€ 47 994 000,00 49,01 %

Current Ratio In woorden: vlottend activa / (financiële schulden op korte termijn + niet financiële schulden)

Vlottend activa € 14 457 000,00

GIP

financiële schulden op korte niet termijn schulden € 6 072 000,00

Toegepaste bedrijfseconomie

financiële current ratio

€ 2 400 000,00 1,71

9


Quick Ratio In woorden: (vlottend activa - voorraden) / (financiële schulden op korte termijn + niet financiële schulden)

Vlottend activa

financiële schulden KT

Voorraden

€ 14 457 000,00

€ 6 721 000,00

niet financiële schulden Quick ratio

€ 6 072 000,00

€ 2 400 000,00 0,91

Leningen 20 oude verkopen

10 nieuwe kopen

Verschil

€ 8 300 000,00

€ 20 000 000,00

schulden op LT extra schulden op LT

totale schulden op LT

bedrag dat moet worden

16 000 000,00

€ 27 700 000,00

€ 1 385 000,00

€ 11 700 000,00

€ 11 700 000,00

Kapitaal

€ 17 500 000,00

Kapitaal blijft

Reserves

€ 6 022 000,00

Nieuw bedrag reserves

Overgedragen winst/verlies

€ 1 000 000,00

nieuw overgedragen winst

afgelost

Eigen vermogen € 24 522 000,00

Som van alle bovenstaande getallen

Totaal vermogen

€ 48 994 000,00

Totaal vermogen stijgt ook met 1 000 000,00

Solvabiliteit

50,05 %

Eigen vermogen / Totaal vermogen

10

Toegepaste bedrijfseconomie

GIP


1.2 Bijlage 2

GIP

Toegepaste bedrijfseconomie

11


12

Toegepaste bedrijfseconomie

GIP


GIP

Toegepaste bedrijfseconomie

13


14

Toegepaste bedrijfseconomie

GIP


GIP

Toegepaste bedrijfseconomie

15


16

Toegepaste bedrijfseconomie

GIP


2 Engels 2.1 Bijlage 3 The electric car, a green transport revolution in the making? The electric car finally seems to be on the verge of breaking through, offering significant environmental benefits, especially in urban areas. Innovative business models are on the way which should boost consumer acceptance and overcome the remaining barriers, such as high battery costs, green electricity supply and charging infrastructure. Given the role that transport plays in causing greenhouse gas emissions, any serious action on climate change will zoom in on the transport sector. Several European countries as well as the US, Japan, China and others, have recently announced bold plans for the introduction of electric vehicles. These include fiscal incentives, funding research on batteries and electric vehicles and plans for the deployment of a charging infrastructure. Major cities such as London and Paris have announced electric car-sharing systems, while public administrations and companies using large captive fleets arepurchasing electric vehicles. At the same time, utilities, car manufacturers, battery producers and academics are joining forces on initiatives such as the EURELECTRIC Task Force on Electric Vehicles and EpoSS, the European Technology Platform on Smart Systems Integration. Together with the European Investment Bank the European Commission has launched the European Green Cars Initiative, with EUR 5 billion partly dedicated to the research, development and manufacturing of batteries and electric cars and to demonstration projects. This flurry of activity seems to indicate that the electric car is heading for a major breakthrough at last - but is it here to stay this time? History calls for caution. The production of electric vehicles began as far back as 1838 – 52 years before combustion engine vehicles. However, after 1913 the mass commercialisation of the combustion engine led to a rapid decline in electric vehicles. Attempts to reintroduce electric vehicles in past decades have for the most part been unsuccessful and they still represent a very small, niche market. Yet today the future looks brighter. A great deal of progress has been made in battery technology and electric vehicles are expected to re-enter the market on a large scale within the next couple of years. Based on a moderate growth scenario, by 2050, electric vehicles could represent more than 60 % of new sales and constitute up to 25 % of the global car fleet. However, estimates of the extent of future deployment vary greatly, as there is still some uncertainty in relation to the development of technology and future consumer behaviour. GIP

Engels

17


Electric cars: the silver environmental bullet? Electric vehicles have zero tailpipe emissions, but there are, of course, emissions involved in the production of electricity. One major benefit of electric vehicles is the "displacement" of harmful air pollutants from urban to rural areas, where population exposure is lower. Noise levels are also lower, particularly in urban driving conditions. Another major advantage of electric vehicles is their energy efficiency. With a tank-towheel efficiency in the range of 60 to 80 %, they outperform conventional cars fourfold. Generally, electric vehicles show greatest energy savings at low speeds and in situations involving frequently-changing driving dynamics, which is another reason why cities are a prime target market. Thanks to their energy efficiency, and assuming that electricity generation will be even greener in the future, electric vehicles could contribute to a considerable reduction in greenhouse gases. Given the ongoing debate on climate change, this could prove to be an important factor. Indeed, transport is responsible for more than a fifth of the EU's greenhouse gas emissions and it is the only sector with growing emissions. While

the

improvement of

internal combustion

engines still offers

considerable potential for reducing emissions per kilometre driven, reductions in greenhouse gas emissions over and above 50 % will require new technological solutions, such as the electric vehicle. Compared to conventional vehicles, and based on the current average European electricity supply, electric vehicles have 50 % less emissions. Further benefits can be achieved if the carbon intensity of power generation continues to decrease with further greener and renewable energy sources. There are, however, still some obstacles related to green electricity supply, the as yet expensive battery technology, the limited driving range and the need for a dense network of electric charging facilities. To overcome these obstacles, innovative business models are being developed to help transform automotive transport. Integrated transport and energy concepts To be a success, the electric car has to be introduced onto the market as part of an overall transport and energy concept rather than stand-alone technology. If millions of vehicles are to be connected to electricity grids without a negative impact on the environment, there must be an integrated approach to power supply and demand (from electric vehicles), to ensure the use of green electricity sources. Otherwise, the anticipated increase in peak load demand would require new investments in electricity generation and grid capacity. 18

Engels

GIP


Scientists and engineers from the automobile industry and electricity supply companies are already working on 'smart electricity grids' for the vehicle-to-grid connection interface. This will enable electric vehicles to become an inherent part of the electricity supply and distribution system. Electric cars would not only run on green electricity, but could also be used to store and supply electricity back to the grid when needed. In this way, electric transport would also boost the further development of green electricity. Battery leasing and smart electricity grids Today's battery costs have a price premium of EUR 15,000 to 40,000. As technological progress is made and economies of scale begin to kick in, this could decrease to under EUR 10,000 in the mid-term and EUR 5,000 in the longer-term. To compensate for these higher costs, some countries and cities have announced important incentives, such as tax rebates and subsidies, free parking in urban areas and exemption from congestion charges and road taxes. Another promising way of limiting battery costs is the battery leasing formula, whereby the electricity company owns the batteries and leases them to car owners. The Norwegian THINK City electric vehicle initiative already offers such a batteryleasing concept. The vehicle manufacturer retains the ownership of the batteries, which also guarantees the supply of the most advanced battery technology and replacement in the event of deteriorating performance. Currently, the driving range of electric vehicles is limited to around 200 kilometres. A dense charging infrastructure is needed in public spaces to permit frequent recharging during idle hours. There is also the time element to consider; recharging a battery can take from 3 to 8 hours, assuming a conventional plug-in to the electric grid. Given that vehicles are parked an average of 95 % of the time, this should not pose a problem if charging points are widely available. http://www.eea.europa.eu/articles/the-electric-car-2014-a-green-transportrevolution-in-the-making

GIP

Engels

19


2.2 Bijlage 4

Employer: Secco Posted: 31/01/2014 Location: Mechelen, Belgium Function: Finance Officer Level: Management Hours: Full time Salary: up to â‚Ź60 000 FINANCIAL OFFICER Secco is one of the leading businesses in producing and selling electric scooters. Secco is facing a rapid growth. We are looking for capable people to join our team. We are a business that focuses on preserving the environment. Producing ecological scooters in a way that is friendly to the environment, is an important aspect of what Secco stands for. Job description: -

Contribute in the decision-making regarding our finances; Help the other financial directors reach their goals; Attend meetings with other managers of the company; Pay the wages of the employees.

Your profile: -

Driven to reach the goals that are instructed to you by your team leader; Capable of contributing to team decisions; A motivated team player; An experienced financial director and owner of a master degree in finances; Skilled in written and verbal communication; Innovative and known for a positive attitude.

We offer you: - A full-time contract of indefinite time; - An ecological car and a smartphone; - Salary beginning at â‚Ź 45 000 with a big chance on career opportunities. Contact: When you are interested, please contact Tine Lens our Human Resources Director, by sending her your curriculum vitae and application letter to the following email address: tine.lens@secco.be Address: Bosstraat 9 2861 Onze-Lieve-Vrouw-Waver Phone number: 015/76.78.60

20

Engels

GIP


Besluit Ik vond deze GIP een interessante en leerrijke ervaring. Je leert alles over hoe een bedrijf werkt en hoe je er eentje moet beginnen. Het is nu makkelijker om in de bedrijfswereld te stappen omdat je toch al een beetje ervaring hebt en niet alles nieuw is voor je. Ik heb geleerd dat je nooit een bedrijf alleen kan runnen. Je werkt samen als een team dus teamwork is heel belangrijk. Volgend jaar zou ik graag toegepaste informatica gaan studeren. Aangezien AIT een informaticarichting is, denk ik dat dit wel moet lukken. Ook in deze richting is teamwork heel belangrijk want je zult samen aan projecten moeten werken Ik vind de GIP een uitstekende manier op iemand zijn/haar kennis te testen. Ook leer je hier deadlines respecteren wat je nog vaak in je leven zult moeten doen. De enige opmerking dat ik kan maken is dat er voor een informaticarichting toch niet zoveel taken zijn dat met informatica te maken heeft.

GIP

Besluit

21


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