September 2022 Auction - TimeLine Auctions

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Manolis Andronikos (1919-1992)

Manolis Andronikos was born in 1919 to a family which had lived through the Greek Diaspora from Asia Minor and eventually re-settled in Thessaloniki. He began his studies in 1936 at the University of Thessaloniki’s Faculty of Philosophy. Upon completion of his degree in 1941, he was appointed to the post of philologist at a high school in Didymoteicho. During WWII, he enlisted in the Greek army and served as sergeant in the 8th Battalion of the II Brigade in Tripoli, Cyrenaica, guarding Italian prisoners. In 1949, Andronikos was appointed curator of antiquities at the Ephorate of Central Macedonia, the start of a string of successful career appointments. In 1952, he was appointed a professor of Classical Archaeology at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. He worked as a lecturer in Archaeology from 1957 and became full professor of the 2nd chair of Archaeology in 1961 and again in 1964. Andronikos conducted excavations in Veria, Naoussa, Kilkis, Halkidiki and Thessaloniki, although his primary archaeological focus was directed at Vergina, where he had first excavated as a student in 1937 under supervision of his teacher, C. Rhomaios. It was here, on 8th November 1977, that Andronikos made archaeological history when he and his team unearthed the monumental tomb of one of Macedonia’s great rulers, King Philip II (359-336 B.C.). The Great Tomb of the Vergina Tumulus was replete with incredible artefacts: a golden larnax containing the remains of the legendary ruler; a helmet; a shield composed of ivory, gold, bronze and silver; gilded iron armour; greaves; a wooden couch embellished with gold and ivory; golden diadems, among countless other unique and invaluable works of art. When Andronikos posited that the tomb was that of the father of Alexander the Great, his claim was met with harsh criticism within his field, and the true identity of the remains unearthed in the tomb was debated for years afterwards. In 2010 and 2016 results of scientific skeletal analysis finally vindicated the archaeologist’s sensational claim: the facial asymmetry of the deceased was found to be consistent with the biography of Philip II, who was hit in the eye with an arrow whilst laying siege to Methone. Irrespective of the identity of the human remains found within the tomb, the discovery of the monument is universally acknowledged as one of the greatest archaeological finds of the 20th century. British historian N.G.L. Hammond said of Andronikos’ work: ‘During my many visits to Vergina I admired the astonishing skill of Andronikos and his team of archaeologists and technicians, as well as the perfection of their research under his guidance. He was the most outstanding excavator, scholar and art historian of his generation, who radically overturned our perception of ancient Macedonia... As was evident from the letter he sent me, he was an extremely generous colleague, a bold thinker and man of action, to whom ubiquitous scholars must feel a deep debt.’

Dr. Raffaele D'Amato


OUR SPECIALISTS

Dr. Raffaele D'Amato (Head of Antiquities Department)

CDO Christopher Wren (Head of Coins Department)

Professor Neritan Ceka (Ancient Antiquities)

Dr. Laura Vigna (Ancient Jewellery, Ceramics & Marble)

Dr. Ronald Bonewitz (Minerals, Gems, Fossils & General Antiquities)

Dr. Brian Gilmour (Arms & Armour, General Antiquities)

Dr. Malcolm Jones (Medieval Antiquities)

Dr. Ittai Gradel (Roman Inscriptions, Gemstones & Antiquities)

Dr. Alberto Pollastrini (Egyptian & Associated Antiquities)

Dr. Laura Proffitt (Classical & General Antiquities)

Dr. Robert Chandler (Natural History)

Diana Mroczek (Classical Antiquities)

Peter Clayton, FCILIP, Dip, Arch, FSA, FRNS (Egyptian & General Antiquities)

Richard Falkiner, FSA (Coins, Jewellery & General Antiquities)

Peter Bufton (Ethnographic, Far Eastern & General Antiquities)

Paul Whelan (Egyptian Antiquities)

Stephen Pollington (Anglo-Saxon, Viking & General Antiquities)

Amin Rezai (Western Asiatic & General Antiquities)

Michaela Simonova, M.A. (Viking, Mesoamerica, Religious & General Antiquities)

Mehdy Shaddel (Western Asiatic & Islamic Antiquities)

Richard Roy (Ancient Americas)

Stefany Tomalin (Beads & Associated Jewellery)

Dane Kurth (Ancient Greek, Roman & Byzantine Coins)

Joseph Hubbard (Natural History)


ANCIENT ART & ANTIQUITIES

The May Fair Hotel Crystal Room Stratton Street London, W1J 8LT

6 September 2022 7-10 September 2022 (Harwich)

Heads of Departments Antiquities: Dr Raffaele D'Amato Coins: Christopher Wren

Enquiries TimeLine Auctions Limited 23-24 Berkeley Square London W1J 6HE, UK Tel: +44 (0)20 7129 1494 Head Office TimeLine Auctions Limited The Court House 363 Main Road Harwich, Essex CO12 4DN, UK Website www.timelineauctions.com Auction Tuesday 6 September 10am Wednesday 7 September 10am Thursday 8 September 10am Friday 9 September 10am Saturday 10 September 10am

(Day 1) (Day 2) (Day 3) (Day 4) (Day 5)

Viewing Monday 5 September 12 noon to 9pm Tuesday 6 September 9am, and during the sale Viewing & Champagne Reception Monday 5 September 6pm to 9pm Bids +44 (0)1277 815121 +44 (0)1277 814122 fax bids@timelineauctions.com

Consultants Dr Ronald Bonewitz (Antiquities & Geological) Dr Manuel Ceccarelli (Western Asiatic Antiquities) Dr Raffaele D'Amato (Roman & Military Antiquities) Dr Brian Gilmour (Arms & Armour & General Antiquities) Dr Ittai Gradel (Classical & General Antiquities) Dr Malcolm Jones (Medieval & Later Antiquities) Dr Alberto Pollastrini (Egyptian & Associated Antiquities) Dr Laura Proffitt (Classical & General Antiquities) Dr Laura Vigna (Ancient Jewellery, Ceramics & Marble) Professor Neritan Ceka (Ancient Antiquities) Peter Clayton, FCILIP, Dip, Arch, FSA, FRNS (Egyptian) Richard Falkiner, FSA (Jewellery & General Antiquities) Michael Howgate, B.Sc. M.Sc. PGCE FLS (Natural History) Peter Bufton (Far Eastern, Islamic & Ethnographic) Diana Mroczek (Classical Antiquities) Stephen Pollington (Anglo-Saxon & Viking Antiquities) Thomas Sturm (Cylinder Seals) Richard Roy (Ancient Americas) Michaela Simonova, MA (Mesoamerica, Viking & Religious) Amin Rezai (Western Asiatic & General Antiquities) Mehdy Shaddel (Western Asiatic & Islamic Antiquities) Paul Whelan (Egyptian Antiquities) Heather L. Godfrey, MA FRNS (General Antiquities & Coins) Robert Chandler (Paleontology) Stefany Tomalin (Beads & Associated Jewellery) Dane Kurth (Greek & Roman Coins & Antiquities) Italo Vecchi (Coins & General Antiquities) Joseph Hubbard (Natural History) For further information and biographies see: www.timelineauctions.com

Please note that absentee bids can be submitted on our system until 8am on each sale date, unless submitted by e-mail or in person

Auctioneers Edward Rising Tim Wonnacott

Bidding by telephone can only be arranged for any lot with a lower estimate in excess of £250, and by prior arrangement

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Peter Bufton

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Subject to CITES regulations when exporting outside UK

VAT payable at 20% on hammer price and buyer's premium

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Ω

20% import duty on the hammer price

Bidding This is a rostrum auction and there will be live internet bidding through www.timelineauctions.com, www.the-saleroom.com, www.invaluable.com and www.liveauctioneers.com. The buyer’s premium is 30% inclusive (live internet bidding is free on timelineauctions.com, additional 5% +VAT is charged on other sites). TimeLine Auctions is not responsible for any missed lots or bids due to network speed or down-time. Bidders are reminded that our website carries high-resolution enlargeable colour images of all of the items illustrated in this catalogue, together with items not illustrated in print. An Absentee Bidding Form can be mailed or emailed, to reach us by no later than 9pm the day before the sale. Alternatively, please register on our website and record your auto bids free of charge via your online account: www.timelineauctions.com. Please do not consider your absentee bid form to have been successfully logged unless you have received an acknowledgement from us. Collection and Storage Lots will be available to collect from our Harwich premises by prior arrangement only from 13 September 2022. Storage charges may apply from 16 September 2022 for unpaid items, free vaulted storage service is available for all items upon receipt of full payment. Notice to Buyers Some lots will require export licences in order to leave the UK, please contact us for advice if required. A condition statement for lots is not given in the catalogue, printed or on-line. This does not infer that any lot is free from faults and prospective bidders must satisfy themselves entirely as to the full condition of each piece before placing bids. Condition Reports may be requested for any lot but are given only for general guidance and are inevitably subjective in character. Requests for Condition Reports should be made as early as possible; requests received at a late time may not be available before the lot is offered. Estimate ranges are provided for general information only and are given in Pounds Sterling (£). For antiquities, approximate equivalents in Euros (EUR) and US Dollars (USD). Hammer prices may fall outside the ranges indicated. All bids and payments must be made in Pounds Sterling (£). Please be aware that items containing restricted animalderived material such as coral or ivory will need a specialist CITES export license to leave the UK. Lot estimates serve as a pre-sale guide for potential buyers and bidders and cannot, by their nature, serve as an indication of the final hammer price. The final hammer price is not inclusive of buyer’s premium and/or other applicable taxes, which must be added to the final hammer price (see Terms & Conditions for details). Important Information Auction lots (or individual item/s within any given lot) of either Persian or Iranian origin are subject to United States trade restrictions which currently prohibit their import into the US, without exception. Buyers should be aware that similar (or other) restrictions may apply to other categories of items offered for sale. It is the sole responsibility of the buyer to satisfy themselves that any lot/s purchased at auction can be legally imported into the desired shipping destination prior to bidding.

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Sale schedule

The May Fair Hotel, London Antiquities - Tuesday 6 September 2022 (Day 1) 10:00 - Egyptian Antiquities (Lots 1 - 65 - Greek Antiquities (Lots 66 - 111) - Roman Antiquities (Lots 112 - 170) - Byzantine Antiquities (Lots 171 - 179) - Western Asiatic Antiquities (Lots 180 - 284) - Chinese & Far Eastern Antiquities (Lots 285 - 313) - India & Region Antiquities (Lots 314 - 326) - Arms & Armour (Lots 327 - 364) - Bronze Age & Iron Age Antiquities (Lots 365 - 377) - Saxon, Viking & Germanic Antiquities (Lots 378 - 400) - Medieval Antiquities (Lots 401 - 446) - Post Medieval Antiquities (Lots 447 - 476) - Ethnographic & Natural History (Lots 477 - 500)

The Court House, Harwich Antiquities - Wednesday 7 September 2022 (Day 2) 10.00 - Egyptian Antiquities (Lots 501 - 570) - Greek Antiquities (Lots 571 - 627) - Roman Antiquities (Lots 628 - 799) 13:30 - 14:00 Lunch - Roman Antiquities (Lots 800 - 818) - Byzantine Antiquities (Lots 819 - 848) - Western Asiatic Antiquities (Lots 849 - 1099) Antiquities - Thursday 8 September 2022 (Day 3) 10.00 - Western Asiatic Antiquities (Lots 1100 - 1127) - Chinese & Far Eastern Antiquities (Lots 1128 - 1267) - India & Region Antiquities (Lots 1268 - 1331) - Arms & Armour (Lots 1400 - 1449) 13:30 - 14:00 Lunch - Stone Age, Bronze Age & Iron Age Antiquities (Lots 1450 - 1520) - Saxon, Viking & Germanic Antiquities (Lots 1521 - 1577) - Medieval Antiquities (Lots 1578 - 1701) Antiquities & Natural History - Friday 9 September 2022 (Day 4) 10.00 - Post Medieval (Lots 1702 - 1844) - Prehispanic & Ethnographic Antiquities (Lots 1845 - 1881) - Archaeological Books (Lots 1882 - 1935) - Natural History (Lots 6000 - 6065) 13:30 - 14:00 Lunch - Natural History (Lots 6066 - 6378) Coins - Saturday 10 September 2022 (Day 5) 10.00 - Coins, Tokens, Medals (Lots 8000 - 8349) 13:30 - 14:00 Lunch - Coins, Tokens, Medals, Accessories & Books (Lots 8350 - 8857)

TimeLine Auctions


6 September 2022

Ancient Art & Antiquities

Egyptian Lots 1 - 65 Also see lots 501 - 570


THE ALF BAXENDALE (1941-2016) COLLECTION, LOTS 1 - 17 Alf Baxendale (1941-2016), was a keen amateur Egyptologist, active from the 1960s. He was a good friend of Egyptologist Barry John Kemp who directs excavations at Amarna in Egypt. Alf helped raise funds for equipment and materials for the excavations since the 1980s, and also secured a major sponsorship from one of Britain’s leading brewers, Scottish and Newcastle. He was a member of the Egyptology Society, and became a founder trustee of the Amarna Trust in 2005. Alf bequeathed a major part of his extensive library to the Amarna Project’s offices in Cairo.

1

EGYPTIAN WOODEN SHABTI WITH ORIGINAL SHAWL NEW KINGDOM, 19TH DYNASTY, CIRCA 1250 B.C. A carved wooden shabti modelled with head, wig and crossed arms, with dark pigment to the wig which extends down the figure's back; together with a fragment of the original shawl; accompanied by a custom-made display stand. 6⅞ in. (7½ in.) (66 grams, 17.5 cm (106 grams, 19 cm including stand)). [No Reserve] £1,000 - 1,400 PROVENANCE:

From an old UK collection. Acquired Christie's, South Kensington, London, 4 November 1992, lot 149 (part). From the private collection of Alf Baxendale (1941-2016), keen Egyptologist, member of the Egyptology Society, trustee of the Amarna Trust; thence by descent. Accompanied by the original Christie's invoice and bidding correspondence, and a copy of the catalogue listing. Accompanied by an identification display card. Accompanied by a copy of his obituary published in Horizon, The Amarna Project and Amarna Trust newsletter, Issue 18, 2017, p.21, by Barry John Kemp, CBE, FBA, Professor Emeritus of Egyptology at the University of Cambridge and directing excavations at Amarna in Egypt. LITERATURE:

1

Cf. National Museums Liverpool, accession number 1961.202.156, from Gurob. FOOTNOTES:

Many crude wooden shabtis of this style have come from the cemeteries of Gurob and Sedment.

2

EGYPTIAN GLAZED SHABTI OF DJED KHONSU IEFANKH THIRD INTERMEDIATE PERIOD, 21ST DYNASTY, 1069-943 B.C. A pale-coloured glazed shabti modelled with crossed arms and a wig, detailing in darker glaze highlighting features of the face, flail, column of hieroglyphs for 'Djed Khonsu Iefankh' and seed basket to reverse; accompanied by a custom-made display stand. 4⅜ in. (5 in.) (132 grams, 11.1 cm (172 grams total, 12.7 cm including stand)). [No Reserve] £800 - 1,000 PROVENANCE:

From an old UK collection. Acquired Christie's, South Kensington, London, 4 November 1992, lot 149 (part). From the private collection of Alf Baxendale (1941-2016), keen Egyptologist, member of the Egyptology Society, trustee of the Amarna Trust; thence by descent. Accompanied by an original Christie's invoice and catalogue cutting. Accompanied by an identification display card. Accompanied by a copy of his obituary published in Horizon, The Amarna Project and Amarna Trust newsletter, Issue 18, 2017, p.21, by Barry John Kemp, CBE, FBA, Professor Emeritus of Egyptology at the University of Cambridge and directing excavations at Amarna in Egypt.

2

8

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


3

EGYPTIAN GLAZED SHABTI OF HOR-(EM)-KHEBIT THIRD INTERMEDIATE PERIOD, 21ST DYNASTY, 1069-943 B.C. A blue-glazed composition shabti with detailing in a darker pigment to the wig, crook and flail; column of hieroglyphs reading:

(s'r "r-(m)-($-b'.t m( -$rw 'The Osiris, Hor-(em)-Khebit, justified'; accompanied by a custom-made display stand. 4¼ in. (5 in.) (100 grams, 10.7 (144 grams, 12.6 cm including stand)). [No Reserve] £1,000 - 1,400 PROVENANCE:

From an old UK collection. Acquired Christie's, South Kensington, London, 4 November 1992, lot 149 (part). From the private collection of Alf Baxendale (1941-2016), keen Egyptologist, member of the Egyptology Society, trustee of the Amarna Trust; thence by descent. Accompanied by a copy of the Christie's invoice and the catalogue listing. Accompanied by an identification display card. Accompanied by a copy of his obituary published in Horizon, The Amarna Project and Amarna Trust newsletter, Issue 18, 2017, p.21, by Barry John Kemp, CBE, FBA, Professor Emeritus of Egyptology at the University of Cambridge and directing excavations at Amarna in Egypt.

3

LITERATURE:

Cf. Janes, G., The Shabti Collections 6: A Selection from World Museum, Liverpool, Lymm, 2016, pp.320-321, no.153.

4

EGYPTIAN GLAZED SHABTI OF THE GOD'S WIFE OF AMUN ADORER OF THE GOD AMUN QEDMERET THIRD INTERMEDIATE PERIOD, 22ND DYNASTY, 945-720 B.C. A glazed composition shabti with seed basket painted to reverse, uraeus to head suggesting this represents a 'God's Wife of Amun', the highest ranking priestess of the Amun cult, cartouche to front of body for 'Adorer of the God Qedmeret'; accompanied by a custommade display stand. 3⅞ in. (4½ in.) (53 grams, 97 mm (94 grams total, 11.3 cm including stand)). [No Reserve] £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

From the Ramesseum. From an old UK collection. Acquired Christie's, South Kensington, London, 4 November 1992, lot 149 (part). From the private collection of Alf Baxendale (1941-2016), keen Egyptologist, member of the Egyptology Society, trustee of the Amarna Trust; thence by descent. Accompanied by a copy of the Christie's invoice and the catalogue listing. Accompanied by a copy of email correspondence relating to this shabti with Dr Aidan Dodson of Bristol University. Accompanied by an identification display card. Accompanied by a copy of his obituary published in Horizon, The Amarna Project and Amarna Trust newsletter, Issue 18, 2017, p.21, by Barry John Kemp, CBE, FBA, Professor Emeritus of Egyptology at the University of Cambridge and directing excavations at Amarna in Egypt.

4

LITERATURE:

Cf. Aubert, J-F. & Aubert, L., Statuettes Egyptiennes. Chaouabtis Ouchebtis, Paris, 1974, pp.166-167, pl. 51.

5

EGYPTIAN GLAZED SHABTI OF THE OSIRIS BAK KHONSU THIRD INTERMEDIATE PERIOD, 21ST DYNASTY, 1069-943 B.C. A glazed composition shabti with crossed arms, wearing a wig, detailing in darker pigment to wig, flail, seed basket to reverse and column of hieroglyphs to the front of the body for the 'Osiris Bak Khonsu'; accompanied by a custom-made display stand. 4⅛ in. (4⅞ in.) (80 grams, 10.6 cm (122 grams total, 12.5 cm including stand)). [No Reserve] £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

From an old UK collection. Acquired Christie's, South Kensington, London, 4 November 1992, lot 149 (part). From the private collection of Alf Baxendale (1941-2016), keen Egyptologist, member of the Egyptology Society, trustee of the Amarna Trust; thence by descent. Accompanied by a copy of the Christie's invoice and the catalogue listing. Accompanied by an identification display card. Accompanied by a copy of his obituary published in Horizon, The Amarna Project and Amarna Trust newsletter, Issue 18, 2017, p.21, by Barry John Kemp, CBE, FBA, Professor Emeritus of Egyptology at the University of Cambridge and directing excavations at Amarna in Egypt. For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

5

9


6

EGYPTIAN GLAZED SHABTI FOR THE GOD'S FATHER OF AMUN BAK-(EN)-KHONSU 22ND DYNASTY, CIRCA 800 B.C.

9

A pale green-glazed composition shabti with remains of darker glazed detailing to front, reverse, and seed basket; a single column of hieroglyphs reading:

THIRD INTERMEDIATE PERIOD, 21ST DYNASTY 1081-931 B.C.

(s'r 't-n r n 'mn b(k-(n)-$ns.w m( -$rw 'The Osiris, the god’s father of Amun, Bak-(en)-Khonsu, justified'; the tomb of Bak-(en)-Khonsu was found at Abydos, Cemetery E tomb 296; accompanied by a custom-made display stand. 4 in. (4¾ in.) (116 grams, 10 cm (158 grams total, 12 cm including stand)). [No Reserve] £500 - 700 PROVENANCE:

From an old UK collection. Acquired Christie's, South Kensington, London, 4 November 1992, lot 149 (part). From the private collection of Alf Baxendale (1941-2016), keen Egyptologist, member of the Egyptology Society, trustee of the Amarna Trust; thence by descent. Accompanied by a copy of the Christie's invoice and the catalogue listing. Accompanied by an identification display card. Accompanied by a copy of his obituary published in Horizon, The Amarna Project and Amarna Trust newsletter, Issue 18, 2017, p.21, by Barry John Kemp, CBE, FBA, Professor Emeritus of Egyptology at the University of Cambridge and directing excavations at Amarna in Egypt. LITERATURE:

Cf. Janes, G., The Shabti Collections 6: A Selection from World Museum, Liverpool, Lymm, 2016, pp.239-241, no.110.

7

EGYPTIAN GLAZED SHABTI OF WENI SON OF MERHORITEF LATE PERIOD, 26TH DYNASTY, 665-525 B.C.

EGYPTIAN GLAZED OVERSEER SHABTI A blue-glazed composition shabti formed as an overseer, reis, wearing wig and civil costume of daily life; accompanied by a custommade display stand. 3⅞ in. (4½ in.) (72 grams total, 98 mm (112 grams total, 11.5 cm)). [No Reserve] £200 - 300 PROVENANCE:

From an old UK collection. Acquired Christie's, South Kensington, London, 4 November 1992, lot 149 (part). From the private collection of Alf Baxendale (1941-2016), keen Egyptologist, member of the Egyptology Society, trustee of the Amarna Trust; thence by descent. Accompanied by a copy of the Christie's invoice and the catalogue listing. Accompanied by an identification display card. Accompanied by a copy of his obituary published in Horizon, The Amarna Project and Amarna Trust newsletter, Issue 18, 2017, p.21, by Barry John Kemp, CBE, FBA, Professor Emeritus of Egyptology at the University of Cambridge and directing excavations at Amarna in Egypt.

10

EGYPTIAN GLAZED SHABTI COLLECTION 21ST-29TH DYNASTY, CIRCA 950-400 B.C. A mixed group of five shabtis of various sizes and periods, including a beige-coloured example with remains of black painted detailing, together with glazed examples; a blue-glazed example bearing rows of hieroglyphs, after the antique. 1¾ - 2¾ in. (57 grams total, 46-70 mm). [6, No Reserve] £300 - 400 PROVENANCE:

A glazed composition shabti with arms folded across the chest, holding crook and flail, wearing wig and false beard, column of hieroglyphs to front of body for 'Weni son of Merhoritef'; accompanied by a custom-made display stand. 3½ in. (4⅛ in.) (21 grams, 88 mm (60 grams total, 10.4 cm)). [No Reserve] £800 - 1,000 PROVENANCE:

From an old UK collection. Acquired Christie's, South Kensington, London, 4 November 1992, lot 149 (part). From the private collection of Alf Baxendale (1941-2016), keen Egyptologist, member of the Egyptology Society, trustee of the Amarna Trust; thence by descent. Accompanied by a copy of the Christie's invoice and the catalogue listing. Accompanied by an identification display card. Accompanied by a copy of his obituary published in Horizon, The Amarna Project and Amarna Trust newsletter, Issue 18, 2017, p.21, by Barry John Kemp, CBE, FBA, Professor Emeritus of Egyptology at the University of Cambridge and directing excavations at Amarna in Egypt.

8

EGYPTIAN GLAZED SHABTI OF PA-DI-OSIRIS BORN OF THE LADY OF THE HOUSE OF ISIS 30TH DYNASTY-PTOLEMAIC PERIOD, CIRCA 380-31 B.C. A glazed shabti with crossed arms holding crook and flail, wearing wig and false beard, hieroglyphs incised to the front of the body for 'Padiosiris Born of the Lady of the House of Isis'; pillar to reverse; accompanied by a custom-made display stand. 3⅜ in. (4 in.) (32 grams, 87 mm (71 grams, 10.2 cm including stand)). [No Reserve] £300 - 400 PROVENANCE:

From an old UK collection. Acquired Christie's, South Kensington, London, 4 November 1992, lot 149 (part). From the private collection of Alf Baxendale (1941-2016), keen Egyptologist, member of the Egyptology Society, trustee of the Amarna Trust; thence by descent. Accompanied by a copy of the Christie's invoice and the catalogue listing. Accompanied by an identification display card. Accompanied by a copy of his obituary published in Horizon, The Amarna Project and Amarna Trust newsletter, Issue 18, 2017, p.21, by Barry John Kemp, CBE, FBA, Professor Emeritus of Egyptology at the University of Cambridge and directing excavations at Amarna in Egypt.

10

From an old UK collection. Acquired 1960s-1990s. Two ex Christie's, South Kensington, London, 4 November 1992, lot 149 (part). From the private collection of Alf Baxendale (1941-2016), keen Egyptologist, member of the Egyptology Society, trustee of the Amarna Trust; thence by descent. Accompanied by an identification display card. Accompanied by a copy of the Christie's invoice and the catalogue listing. Accompanied by a copy of his obituary published in Horizon, The Amarna Project and Amarna Trust newsletter, Issue 18, 2017, p.21, by Barry John Kemp, CBE, FBA, Professor Emeritus of Egyptology at the University of Cambridge and directing excavations at Amarna in Egypt.

11

EGYPTIAN ROYAL SHABTI SECTION OF PHARAOH SETI I 19TH DYNASTY, 1303-1200 B.C. A vibrant deep blue-glazed composition shabti fragment from a royal shabti of pharaoh Seti I, bearing three registers of cartouches including examples reading 'Menmaatri' (prenomen) and 'Seti Merenptah' (nomen of Seti I)'; the fragment composed of a tapering lentoid-section body with '2000 N. F40' inked by hand to the top face; accompanied by a display stand. 1½ in. (3⅞ in.) (25 grams, 38mm (46 grams total, 97 mm including stand)). [No Reserve] £800 - 1,000 PROVENANCE:

From the Valley of the Kings, found by Giovanni Belzoni. From an old UK collection. Acquired Christie's, King Street, London, 11 July 1990, lot 327. From the private collection of Alf Baxendale (1941-2016), keen Egyptologist, member of the Egyptology Society, trustee of the Amarna Trust; thence by descent. Accompanied by the original Christie's invoice and correspondence. Accompanied by an identification display card. Accompanied by a copy of his obituary published in Horizon, The Amarna Project and Amarna Trust newsletter, Issue 18, 2017, p.21, by Barry John Kemp, CBE, FBA, Professor Emeritus of Egyptology at the University of Cambridge and directing excavations at Amarna in Egypt. FOOTNOTES:

The King's finely inscribed sarcophagus is in Sir John Soane's Museum, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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EGYPTIAN BABOON-HEADED HAPI FOUR SONS OF HORUS AMULET LATE PERIOD, CIRCA 500 B.C. A blue-glazed composition amulet formed as baboon-headed Hapi with stylised detailing to one face; two piercings for attachment or suspension. 3 in. (7.13 grams, 78 mm). [No Reserve] £200 - 300 PROVENANCE:

From an old UK collection. Acquired 1960s-1990s. From the private collection of Alf Baxendale (1941-2016), keen Egyptologist, member of the Egyptology Society, trustee of the Amarna Trust; thence by descent. Accompanied by an identification display card. Accompanied by a copy of his obituary published in Horizon, The Amarna Project and Amarna Trust newsletter, Issue 18, 2017, p.21, by Barry John Kemp, CBE, FBA, Professor Emeritus of Egyptology at the University of Cambridge and directing excavations at Amarna in Egypt.

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EGYPTIAN FUNERARY CONE FOR THE FOURTH PROPHET OF AMUN SA-DJEHUTY NEW KINGDOM, 1569-1081 B.C. A funerary cone with impressed hieroglyphs reading:

"m-n r 4 nw n 'mn s(-d"wt' m( -$rw 'Fourth prophet of Amun Sadjehuty, justified.' 6¼ in. (803 grams, 16 cm high). [No Reserve] £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

From an old UK collection. Acquired 1960s-1990s. From the private collection of Alf Baxendale (1941-2016), keen Egyptologist, member of the Egyptology Society, trustee of the Amarna Trust; thence by descent.

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Accompanied by an identification display card. Accompanied by a copy of his obituary published in Horizon, The Amarna Project and Amarna Trust newsletter, Issue 18, 2017, p.21, by Barry John Kemp, CBE, FBA, Professor Emeritus of Egyptology at the University of Cambridge and directing excavations at Amarna in Egypt. LITERATURE:

Cf. Davies, N. de G., and MacAdam, M.F.L., A Corpus of Inscribed Egyptian Funerary Cones, Part I, Oxford, 1957, No.571.

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EGYPTIAN FUNERARY CONE FOR THE ARMY SCRIBE OF THE LORD OF THE TWO LANDS MENI 18TH DYNASTY, CIRCA 1400 B.C. A ceramic funerary cone bearing hieroglyphs in raised relief reading:

(s'r sš mš n nb t(wy mni 'The Osiris, army scribe of the lord of the Two Lands, Meni.' 4⅝ in. (440 grams, 11.7 cm). [No Reserve] £300 - 400 PROVENANCE:

From an old UK collection. Acquired 1960s-1990s. From the private collection of Alf Baxendale (1941-2016), keen Egyptologist, member of the Egyptology Society, trustee of the Amarna Trust; thence by descent. Accompanied by an identification display card. Accompanied by an offprint on funerary cones relevant to Men, The Osiris, Scribe of the Army of the Lord of the Two Lands. Accompanied by a copy of his obituary published in Horizon, The Amarna Project and Amarna Trust newsletter, Issue 18, 2017, p.21, by Barry John Kemp, CBE, FBA, Professor Emeritus of Egyptology at the University of Cambridge and directing excavations at Amarna in Egypt. LITERATURE:

Cf. Davies, N. de G., and MacAdam, M.F.L., A Corpus of Inscribed Egyptian Funerary Cones, Part I, Oxford, 1957, No.292. FOOTNOTES:

Meni's Theban tomb is numbered TT230.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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EGYPTIAN FUNERARY CONE FOR THE KING'S SON OF KUSH MERYMOSE

EGYPTIAN FUNERARY CONE FOR THE KING'S SON OF KUSH MERYMOSE

NEW KINGDOM, 18TH DYNASTY, REIGN OF AMENHOTEP III, CIRCA 1410-1372 B.C.

NEW KINGDOM, 18TH DYNASTY, REIGN OF AMENHOTEP III, CIRCA 1410-1372 B.C.

A funerary cone bearing hieroglyphs in raised relief reading:

A funerary cone bearing hieroglyphs to the base in raised relief reading:

'm($y $r (s'r s(-nswt n kš mry-ms 'The revered one before Osiris, King's Son of Kush, Merymose'; Merymose's title of 'King's Son' is often translated with the modern term 'Viceroy.' 3¼ in. (210 grams, 82 mm). [No Reserve] £300 - 400 PROVENANCE:

From an old UK collection. Acquired 1960s-1990s. From the private collection of Alf Baxendale (1941-2016), keen Egyptologist, member of the Egyptology Society, trustee of the Amarna Trust; thence by descent. Accompanied by an identification display card. Accompanied by an offprint on funerary cones relevant to Mermose for the Honoured Before Osiris the Viceroy of Kush. Accompanied by an information sheet. Accompanied by a copy of his obituary published in Horizon, The Amarna Project and Amarna Trust newsletter, Issue 18, 2017, p.21, by Barry John Kemp, CBE, FBA, Professor Emeritus of Egyptology at the University of Cambridge and directing excavations at Amarna in Egypt.

'm($y $r (s'r s(-nswt n kš mry-ms 'The revered one before Osiris, King's Son of Kush, Merymose'; the title of 'King's Son' is often given the modern term 'Viceroy.' 4¾ in. (307 grams, 12 cm). [No Reserve] £300 - 400 PROVENANCE:

From an old UK collection. Acquired 1960s-1990s. From the private collection of Alf Baxendale (1941-2016), keen Egyptologist, member of the Egyptology Society, trustee of the Amarna Trust; thence by descent. Accompanied by an identification display card. Accompanied by an offprint on funerary cones relevant to Mermose for the Honoured Before Osiris the Viceroy of Kush. Accompanied by a copy of his obituary published in Horizon, The Amarna Project and Amarna Trust newsletter, Issue 18, 2017, p.21, by Barry John Kemp, CBE, FBA, Professor Emeritus of Egyptology at the University of Cambridge and directing excavations at Amarna in Egypt.

LITERATURE:

LITERATURE:

Cf. Davies, N. de G., and MacAdam, M.F.L., A Corpus of Inscribed Egyptian Funerary Cones, Part I, Oxford, 1957, No.170.

Cf. Davies, N. de G., and MacAdam, M.F.L., A Corpus of Inscribed Egyptian Funerary Cones, Part I, Oxford, 1957, No.170.

FOOTNOTES:

FOOTNOTES:

Merymose (also Mermose or Merimes) was one of the longest known serving Viceroys of Kush, occupying his post for over thirty years during the reign of Amenhotep III. He ruled the south from his capital at Mi'am, modern Aniba, and was granted a tomb at Thebes, where he was also provided with three diorite sarcophagi, a highly unusual honour to have bestowed on a non-royal official. His Theban tomb is numbered TT383.

Merymose (also Mermose or Merimes) was one of the longest known serving Viceroys of Kush, occupying his post for over thirty years during the reign of Amenhotep III. He ruled the south from his capital at Mi'am, modern Aniba, and was granted a tomb at Thebes, where he was also provided with three diorite sarcophagi, a highly unusual honour to have been bestowed on a non-royal official. His Theban tomb is numbered TT383.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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EGYPTIAN FRAGMENT OF FUNERARY MONTUEMHAT, FOURTH PROPHET OF AMUN

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EGYPTIAN UPPER ARM FRAGMENT WITH CARTOUCHES FROM THE GREAT TEMPLE OF ATEN AT TELL EL-AMARNA

26TH DYNASTY, CIRCA 648 B.C.

NEW KINGDOM, 18TH DYNASTY, 1353-1336 B.C.

A fragment of the right side of a funerary cone, originally bearing two columns of hieroglyphs flanked by kneeling figures in relief reading:

A stone fragment of irregular shape from the upper arm of a royal statue, bearing two engraved partial cartouches containing the socalled 'early protocol name' of the god Aten, indicating that the fragment was once part of a statue of pharaoh Akhenaten or of his wife Nefertiti; the right hand cartouche reading: '[Long live] ReHorakhty, rejoicing in the horizon' and the cartouche of the left reading: 'in his name of sunlight who is in the solar disk' with traces of original pigment remaining; accompanied by a custom-made display stand. 5 in. (88 grams total, 12.8 cm high including stand). £600 - 800

s r m-n r 4 nw mn mn w-m- t m - rw s r t - m r šm w mn wm- t m - rw 'The Osiris, Fourth Prophet of Amun, Montuemhat justified. The Osiris, Mayor, Overseer of Upper Egypt, Montuemhat justified'; accompanied by another fragment of a funerary cone, not ancient. 3 - 3¾ in. (386 grams total, 75-97 mm). [2, No Reserve] £300 - 400 PROVENANCE:

From an old UK collection. Acquired 1960s-1990s. From the private collection of Alf Baxendale (1941-2016), keen Egyptologist, member of the Egyptology Society, trustee of the Amarna Trust; thence by descent. Accompanied by an identification display card and information slip. Accompanied by an offprint on funerary cones relevant to Montuemhat. Accompanied by a copy of his obituary published in Horizon, The Amarna Project and Amarna Trust newsletter, Issue 18, 2017, p.21, by Barry John Kemp, CBE, FBA, Professor Emeritus of Egyptology at the University of Cambridge and directing excavations at Amarna in Egypt.

PROVENANCE:

From the Great Temple of Aten at Tell el-Amarna. Sotheby's 12 August 1978, lot 444 (part). Ex Mohamed Makriya collection. With Sotheby's part lot label '53/9' and inked '444' to the base. Accompanied by an academic report by Simone Musso, consultant curator for Egyptian antiquities at the Stibbert Museum, Florence, Italy. LITERATURE:

See The Metropolitan Museum of Art, inv. no.21.9.4, for a torso of Nefertiti with Aten cartouches. FOOTNOTES:

This form of the solar titular was in use starting from year 4 of Akhenaten, to his late year 11 or early year 12 of his reign.

LITERATURE:

Cf. Davies, N. de G., and MacAdam, M.F.L., A Corpus of Inscribed Egyptian Funerary Cones, Part I, Oxford, 1957, No.604. FOOTNOTES:

Montuemhat, one of the most well-known non-royal names from ancient Egypt, rose up through the ranks to become the fourth priest of Amun, mayor of Thebes and governor of Upper Egypt. His Theban tomb (number TT34) is the largest ever constructed for a non-royal in Egypt.

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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EGYPTIAN STELA REPRESENTING A FALSE DOOR MIDDLE KINGDOM, 11TH-12TH DYNASTIES, CIRCA 1991-1786 B.C. A limestone stela fashioned as a simplified ‘false-door’ - a symbolic portal originally carved into or painted onto a tomb wall to allow the Ka (spirit) of the deceased to venture from his/her burial chamber and partake in offerings of food and drink; the raised torus border framing the central scene and texts still retaining traces of an alternating yellow, red and white block decoration, above the frame a cavettostyle cornice highlighted with similarly coloured vertical and horizontal bands; the deceased wearing a short white kilt with a prominentlypointed front, secured by a narrow belt, the free end of which projects from the waist, wearing a short black wig, his outstretched left arm with an open palm, a gesture of veneration, while his bent right arm points to his wife standing behind him; the wife’s left arm outstretched and her hand resting on his shoulder, while her right arm hangs down at her side and holds a long-handled bag(?), wearing a long white strap dress which leaves her breasts exposed; between the man and woman a simple offering table with a red-painted jar and two incense pots with long wicks (or kohl-pots with long-stemmed applicators); to the man’s right two sandals shown side on ‘floating’ above the baseline; the man standing before a rack with shelves, four incense cones to the top together with meat, vegetable, and fruit offerings; two tall tear-drop-shaped vessels painted red with white stoppers both

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

supported on collared rings stands on the shelves; four sandals to the right of the rack, drawn as viewed from above, arranged vertically; above the pictorial scene three horizontal lines of hieratic text written in black ink on a yellow ground, the few signs that remain in the top register present the opening of an offering formula, invoking the king and the jackal god Anubis (with some of his epithets) to grant food offerings to the owner of the stela; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 20½ x 12¾ in. (22.7 kg, 52 x 32.5 cm including stand). £8,000 - 10,000 PROVENANCE:

From the collection of Pierre Vérité, Paris, begun in the 1920s. By descent, the collection of Claude Vérité, Paris, France. Accompanied by an academic report by Egyptologist Paul Whelan. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11282-189916. LITERATURE:

See Dunham, D., Naga-ed-Dêr Stelae of the First Intermediate Period, London 1937, pls. XXIV no.2, XXVIII, no. 1, for vertical arrangements of 'loose' food offerings; Leiden Museum, inv.no. F 1937/12.1, for a provincial false-door stela; Semitic Museum, inv.no. 2354, for a provincial stela with 'floating' offerings. FOOTNOTES:

One might wonder if the inclusion of the two groups of sandals (six in total) was especially important to the deceased - perhaps he was a leatherworker involved in their production. Overseers of sandal makers are attested at temple sites such as Abydos and Nag ed-Deir, and perhaps this modest stela belonged to a leatherworker under the supervision of just such an official.

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EGYPTIAN MODEL TOMB DOOR WITH KNEELING SCRIBES POSSIBLY PTOLEMAIC PERIOD, 3RD-1ST CENTURY B.C. A hard chalk model, likely of a tomb, with outlined door and stepped, L-shaped profile, incised grooves to front face representing the tomb entrance, two circular holes in the base; accompanied by two seated scribes, each with an opened papyrus across their knees, wearing a short wig and a kilt; single circular hole to the base of each. 2⅝ - 4¼ in. (700 grams total, 6.8-10.8 cm). [3] £2,000 - 3,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1930-1940. Home Counties, UK, collection. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11283-190296. FOOTNOTES:

In the Ptolemaic Period limestone models of temples, shrines, and composite statue groups were produced as offerings at sacred sites. Perhaps this group represents a variant of such practices. In this respect, the stepped ‘tomb’ element may represent the above-ground entrance door of a Ptolemaic Period vaulted tomb beyond which steps descended to a subterranean burial chamber.

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EGYPTIAN FAIENCE BEAD MUMMY MASK LATE PERIOD-PTOLEMAIC PERIOD, 664-30 B.C. A bifacial panel of small glazed composition beads in various colours representing a mummy face mask with false beard, on its original thread. 7¾ x 7 2/3 in. (100 grams, 19.6 x 19.6 cm). £2,000 - 3,000 PROVENANCE:

Private collection, acquired in the 1970s-1980s; thence by descent. Private collection, since 1998. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11284-189907.

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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EGYPTIAN FAIENCE CUP OF PHARAOH RAMESSES II RAMESSIDE PERIOD, 19TH DYNASTY, 1237-1226 B.C. 22

A turquoise-glazed composition offering cup with everted rim and discoid foot, bearing painted black hieroglyphs including cartouche for Ramesses II. 2 in. (36.2 grams, 50 mm). £1,000 - 1,400 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1970-1999. Property of a late London Mayfair gentleman, by descent. LITERATURE:

Cf. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, accession number 19.2.7, for an offering cup in cream faience; see Taylor, J.H., Death and the Afterlife in Ancient Egypt, London, 2001, for discussion.

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EGYPTIAN ROYAL OFFERING CUP OF RAMESSIDE PHARAOH MERENPTAH RAMESSIDE PERIOD, 19TH DYNASTY, 1212-1202 B.C. 23 A vibrant turquoise-glazed faience offering cup, the thickened rim with painted black detailing; two vertical bands of hieroglyphic text inscribing the name of 'Lord of Appearances, Merenptah and Osiris lord of Rostjau' including a cartouche of Merenptah I, thirteenth son succeeding his father Ramesses II. 2 in. (42.6 grams, 50 mm). £1,000 - 1,400 PROVENANCE:

Bonhams, London, 1 May 2008, lot 62. Private collection of Egyptologist Paul Whelan, Hertfordshire, UK. Accompanied by a copy of relevant Bonhams catalogue pages. LITERATURE:

Cf. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, accession number 19.2.7, for an offering cup in cream faience; see Taylor, J.H., Death and the Afterlife in Ancient Egypt, London, 2001, for discussion. FOOTNOTES:

Merenptah I was the thirteenth son of Ramesses II, and ascended to the throne in his later years at the age of around seventy, when all of his older brothers had died. When he assumed the throne, he moved the administrative centre back to Memphis and constructed his palace next to the temple of Ptah. During his ten year reign he carried out several military campaigns. His mummy now resides in the new National Museum of Egyptian Civilization in Cairo.

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EGYPTIAN WEDJAT EYE AMULET COLLECTION MAINLY LATE PERIOD, 664-332 B.C. A mixed group of wedjat amulets of various sizes and styles, most of blue-glazed composition, one stone example; all pierced for suspension. ⅜ - 1 in. (10.5 grams total, 9-25 mm). [13] £1,000 - 1,400

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PROVENANCE:

Private collection, acquired in the 1970-1980s; thence by descent. Private collection, since 1998.

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EGYPTIAN GLASS FRAGMENT COLLECTION CIRCA 1ST CENTURY B.C.-2ND CENTURY A.D. A mixed group of polychrome mosaic glass fragments.½ - 2⅛ in. (73 grams total, 13-54 mm). [20] £700 - 900 PROVENANCE:

Ex N.A. collection, 1970s. Kept in the U.K. since 2007.

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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EGYPTIAN GLASS INLAY COLLECTION

EGYPTIAN MOSAIC GLASS INLAY FRAGMENT WITH FLOWER

CIRCA 1ST CENTURY B.C.-2ND CENTURY A.D.

CIRCA 1ST CENTURY B.C.-1ST CENTURY A.D.

A group of polychrome glass inlays of various colour combinations.⅜ - 1½ in. (12 grams total, 12-39 mm). [16] £700 - 900

A bifacial mosaic glass inlay of sub-circular form, displaying a polychromatic four-petalled flower. ¾ in. (2.12 grams, 19 mm). £500 - 700

PROVENANCE:

PROVENANCE:

Ex N.A. collection, 1970s. Kept in the U.K. since 2007.

Ex N.A. collection, 1970s. Kept in the U.K. since 2007.

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ROMANO-EGYPTIAN MOSAIC GLASS INLAY FRAGMENT OF SILENUS

LARGE EGYPTIAN HIEROGLYPHIC SHABTI 26TH DYNASTY, 664-525 B.C.

1ST CENTURY B.C.-1ST CENTURY A.D. A bifacial mosaic glass inlay fragment displaying part of the head and an eye of the god Silenus wearing a wreath, in brilliant polychrome. ⅝ in. (1.38 grams, 17 mm). £600 - 800 PROVENANCE:

Ex N.A. collection, 1970s. Kept in the U.K. since 2007.

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ROMANO-EGYPTIAN MOSAIC GLASS INLAY FRAGMENT OF A THEATRE MASK

A large composition turquoise shabti standing on a rectangular base, holding crook and flail, seed bag over shoulder, wearing wig and false beard and modelled with semi-naturalistic anatomical detailing, nine horizontal panels of hieroglyphs wrapped around the lower body; pillar to reverse. 8 in. (364 grams, 20.5 cm high). [No Reserve] £1,000 - 1,400 PROVENANCE:

Old European private collection. Acquired in Zurich, Austria, 1990s. Property of a London gentleman.

1ST CENTURY B.C.-1ST CENTURY A.D. A bifacial mosaic glass inlay fragment displaying a theatre mask in brilliant polychrome. 1 in. (2.29 grams, 24 mm). £800 - 1,000 PROVENANCE:

Ex N.A. collection, 1970s. Kept in the U.K. since 2007.

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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EGYPTIAN SHABTI FOR HIGH PRIEST PADIPEPET FROM SAQQARA LATE PERIOD, 26TH DYNASTY, 664-595 B.C. A faience shabti of typical form, carrying adze and hoe in its crossed hands, seed bag over the left shoulder, wearing a tripartite wig and false beard; the dorsal pillar inscribed with two columns of deep, wellexecuted hieroglyphs reading: 'Oh this ushabti, if the Osiris Padipepet, born to Basteiridis, is asked, you shall say: Here (I am), true of voice” (the so-called short version of spell 6 of the Book of the Dead), mounted on a custom-made display stand. 5½ (6⅜ in.) (284 grams total, 14 cm (16.2 cm including stand)). £1,000 - 1,400 PROVENANCE:

Acquired in the 1950s-1960s. With Bonhams 26 October 2007, lot 437. Ex Alexander Ancient Art since 2008. Accompanied by copies of the relevant Bonhams catalogue pages. LITERATURE:

Cf. Aubert, J-F. & Aubert, L., Statuettes Égyptiennes. Chaouabtis, Ouchebtis, Paris, 1974, p. 217; Janes, G., Shabtis. A Private View, Ancient Egyptian Funerary Statuettes in European Private Collections, Paris, 2002, pp.167-168, no. 87 (includes the transliteration); Schneider, H.D., Shabtis - An Introduction to the History of Ancient Egyptian Funerary Statuettes. With a Catalogue of the Collection of Shabtis in the National Museum of Leiden, 3 volumes, Leiden, 1977, Volume II, p.175, no. 5.3.1.119 and pl.130; Volume III, pl.69; Hermann Schlögl & Andreas Brodbeck, Ägyptische Totenfiguren aus öffentlichen und privaten Sammlungen der Schweiz, Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis, Series Archeologica, 7, Göttingen, 1990, pp.241-242, no. 170; Newberry, P.E., Funerary Statuettes and Model Sarcophagi, Cairo, 1930-1957, pp.137, 411, 431, pl. XLII. FOOTNOTES:

Aubert suggests that Pa-di-pepet lived during the reign of Psamtek I or Necho in the early 26th Dynasty. His tomb was discovered in 1893 in Saqqara, west of the pyramid of Teti and east of that of Weserkaf. Soon after, his shabtis were officially sold to tourists at the Bulaq Museum (the predecessor of the current Egyptian Museum in Cairo). As a result, shabtis for Padipepet can be found in museums as well as in private collections all over the world. His alabaster canopic jars are in the Cairo Museum.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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EGYPTIAN ALABASTER SHABTI NEW KINGDOM-LATE PERIOD, 1550-332 B.C. An alabaster mummiform shabti modelled with stylised facial features, crossed arms and wearing a wig; accompanied by a custom-made display stand. 4 in. (184 grams total, 10.03 mm including stand). £500 - 700 PROVENANCE:

Egyptian collection, 1960s. Private Dorset collection. Property of a Sussex, UK, teacher.

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EGYPTIAN MARMOREAL LIMESTONE HEAD LATE PERIOD, 664-332 B.C. A very fine marmoreal (nummulitic) limestone head, carved in the round and formed as an 'egg' with shaven scalp and stylised facial features, almond-shaped eyes beneath gently curving brows outlined with thick cosmetic lines, hooked nose, and the ears flat against the head; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 10⅜ in. (4.72 kg total, 26.3 cm high including stand). £8,000 - 10,000 PROVENANCE:

Maurice Nahman collection, circa 1930-1940. Ex Galerie Samarcande. Acquired with Hôtel des vtes de Morlaix in 2008. Property of a French collector. Accompanied by an archaeological report by Dr Alberto Maria Pollastrini. Accompanied by an original French passport number 187466 dated 21 July 2017. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11285-190793.

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LITERATURE:

Cf. Josephson, J.A., 'Egyptian Sculpture of the Late Period Revisited' in Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt, Vol. 34 (1997), pp.1-20, fig.9, for similar style of sculpture; see also Klemm, D. and Klemm, R., The Stone of the Pyramids. Provenance of the Building Stones of the Old Kingdom Pyramids of Egypt, Berlin / New York, 2010. FOOTNOTES:

The present idealistic male head with the skull formed like a large egg belongs to a category of sculptures known as 'egg-head'. Emerging in the first Persian domination (525-404 B.C.) the so-called 'egg heads' began to spread during the last native dynasties and early Ptolemaic Period. The stone used here was carefully selected. The statue is made of yellowish nummulitic limestone probably belonging to the Mokattam formation, located in south-east Cairo. Although this type of stone was used extensively in the construction of the Giza pyramids (Klemm, Klemm, 2010, p. 69-73), only a few Egyptian statues have been carved from this material.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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EGYPTIAN DIORITE BUST OF A DIGNITARY LATE PERIOD, 525-330 B.C. A diorite bust of a male dignitary, modelled facing, wearing a wig, with stylised detailing to the ears and face; partial hieroglyph to reverse; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 7⅞ in. (2.03 kg total, 20 cm high including stand). £6,000 - 8,000

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

PROVENANCE:

Ex Jean-Paul Bourgis collection, Beaulieu-sur-Mer, France, 1980. Accompanied by scholarly note TL05439 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11286-192115. LITERATURE:

Cf. Bothmer, B. V., Egyptian Sculpture of the Late Period, 700 B.C. to A.D. 100, New York, 1960, pls.45, no.111, and 55, no.136.

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EGYPTIAN COLOSSAL BASALT CLENCHED HAND OF A KING NEW KINGDOM, CIRCA 1504-1226 B.C. FOOTNOTES:

A colossal right hand and portion of wrist from a massive basalt statue of a king, carved in the round and holding a cylindrical object which can be interpreted as a roll of cloth folded in two, that would have hung a short way down the right side of the pharaoh's striped kilt, part of the kilt still preserved; sensitive treatment of the slender fingers and nails showing the consummate skill of the sculptor. 10 1/3 x 9 2/3 in. (10.4 kg, 26 x 24.5 cm). £12,000 - 17,000 PROVENANCE:

Private collection, acquired in the 1970s-1980s; thence by descent. Private collection, since 1998. Accompanied by a three page academic report by Egyptologist Paul Whelan. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11287-189880. LITERATURE:

See Fischer, H.G., An Elusive Shape within the Fisted Hands of Egyptian Statues, Metropolitan Museum Journal, v. 10 (1975), 9-21.

22

The break on the outer side of the hand indicates that it was carved with the palm facing inwards and the thumb-side upward resting on the king’s lap (the thumb itself is broken). This confirms that the hand comes from a seated statue. Extrapolating from the dimensions of complete seated royal statues with the same hand position, it is possible to estimate that the hand here would have come from a colossal statue around 3-4 metres high. This distinctive hand position is found most frequently on royal statues of the Old and Middle Kingdoms, and features even earlier on the royal statues belonging to King Khasekhemwy of the 2nd Dynasty. Many royal seated statues, especially of the New Kingdom and later, show the pharaoh’s hands flat with palms face down on his lap. Interestingly, at least two seated statues of the great New Kingdom ruler Ramesses II, which display the more elaborate hand form of this item, were originally carved for kings of the Middle Kingdom and were later usurped by him. While the relative abundance of colossal statues dating to the New Kingdom compared to other periods would favour a similar date for this hand, it is possible, given its particular style, that it belongs to an earlier period. The area of the damaged thumb has been re-worked to create a squared open rebate, presumably to take a replacement. Some royal statues from Tanis have evidence of later restoration in the Third Intermediate Period, and the re-worked thumb area on the monumental hand may be evidence of this.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


36

EGYPTIAN POLISHED STONE LIDDED JAR LATE PREDYNASTIC-EARLY DYNASTIC PERIOD, CIRCA 3150-2700 B.C. A polished speckled porphyritic quartz monzodiorite (syenite) stone jar with gently tapering body, rounded shoulders with pierced tubular handles, broad everted rim and slightly domed discoid lid. 3½ in. (214 grams, 91 mm high). £1,200 - 1,700 PROVENANCE:

From an earlier 20th century collection. Acquired on the UK art market circa 1999-2002. Property of a South Oxfordshire private collector. Accompanied by a scholarly note by Egyptologist Paul Whelan. LITERATURE:

Cf. Aston, B.G., Ancient Egyptian Stone Vessels: Materials and Forms, Heidelberg, 1994, p.96, shape 16. FOOTNOTES:

36

This would have been used to hold precious oils, perfumes, or unguents.

37

LARGE EGYPTIAN PREDYNASTIC STORAGE JAR 4TH-3RD MILLENNIUM B.C. A large bulbous limestone storage jar with everted rim and two integral pierced lug handles. 12 in. (16.35 kg, 30.5 cm). £4,000 - 6,000 PROVENANCE:

With Superior Galleries, Beverly Hills, California, 8 & 9 June 1993, lot 712. Property of a North American collector. London collection, 2016. Accompanied by copies of the relevant Superior Galleries catalogue pages. Accompanied by scholarly note TL05432 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11288-192822. LITERATURE:

Cf. The Metropolitan Museum, accession number 66.99.200, for a comparable example.

38

EGYPTIAN SCARAB OF THUTMOSE III 18TH DYNASTY, 1479-1425 B.C. A carved stone scarab or bead, plano-convex in form with gusset to the outer edge and longitudinal piercing; obverse with profile bust including detailed tiered hairstyle, large lentoid eye with brow detail, full lips; reverse with incuse scene of the pharaoh on his chariot pulled by a horse, royal cartouche and symbols in the field. 1¼ in. (12 grams, 34 mm). £2,000 - 3,000

37

PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1979-1999. London collection of the late Mr S.M., thence by descent. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11289-192750. LITERATURE:

See Andrews, C., Amulets of Ancient Egypt, London, 1994, for discussion of the type. FOOTNOTES:

Thutmose III was the sixth pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty who ruled Egypt for more than 50 years (generally dated from 28 April 1479 B.C. to 11 March 1425 B.C.) His official reign began at the age of two and lasted until his death aged 56, but the first 22 years of his reign were under co-regency with his stepmother, Hatshepsut, with Thutmose serving at the head of the military. At the end of his reign, he appointed his son, Amenhotep II, as his own co-regent after the early death of his firstborn son, Amenemhat III. Thutmose III conquered territory from Syria to Upper Nubia to create the largest empire Egypt had ever ruled.

38

39

EGYPTIAN TRANSLUCENT AMETHYST SCARAB MIDDLE KINGDOM, 2030-1650 B.C. A translucent amethyst scarab amulet with stylised detailing to carapace, uninscribed base; drilled for suspension. ⅝ in. (3.92 grams, 18 mm). £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

39

Acquired 1979-1999. London collection of the late Mr S.M., thence by descent.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

23


40

41

42 43

40

GRAECO-EGYPTIAN LAPIS LAZULI SCARAB SEAL WITH GRYPHON LATE PERIOD, 6TH CENTURY B.C. A lapis lazuli scarab seal with stylised detailing to the carapace and legs, incuse winged gryphon to base; drilled for suspension. ⅝ in. (2.89 grams, 16 mm). £800 - 1,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1970-1999. Ex private London collection of Mr S.M., Mayfair, UK.

PROVENANCE:

The Emile-Louis Evrard collection (1898-1971), Paris, France. Acquired from Christie's, London, 8 April 1998, lot 168 (part). Property of a South Oxfordshire private collector. Accompanied by copies of the relevant Christie's catalogue pages. Accompanied by a copy of a French passport dated 31 October 1997, including associated correspondence. FOOTNOTES:

Emile-Louis Evrard was born near Paris in 1898. His passionate life-long interest in antiquities was initially sparked when only 16 years old, after finding a perfectly preserved Neolithic polished stone axe-head in a field close to his village. Later, his scholarly collector's instinct led him not only to acquire antiquities, but also paintings, sculptures and miniatures.

LITERATURE:

43

Cf. Masson, A., 'Scarabs, scaraboids and amulets' in Villing, A., Bergeron, M., Bourogiannis, G., Johnston, A., Leclere, F., Masson, A., Thomas, R., Naukratis: Greeks in Egypt, London, 2018, fig.42.

EGYPTIAN SCARAB WITH HIEROGLYPHS

FOOTNOTES:

A stone scarab with stylised anatomical detailing to the head and legs, slender scrolling flourishes to the carapace, pierced for suspension; the exquisitely carved base decorated with a ‘rope’ border surrounding three vertical registers; the left and right registers comprising the same mirrored group of the following signs: nefer, rearing cobra, mouth, rearing cobra, and oars; the central register beginning with a nefer sign flanked by throw sticks(?), and then followed by a group comprising two upraised arms (ka), two outstretched arms, a water sign, a sedge plant, a seated figure, and a nub (gold) sign; accompanied by a custom-made display stand. 1 in. (1¾ in.) (4.2 grams, 24 mm (16 grams total, 46 mm high including stand)). £1,000 - 1,400

Scarabs, scaraboids and other amulets, as well as moulds used for their production, account for a large portion of the material found at Naukratis, produced by a scarab factory, a workshop in activity in early 6th century B.C. Originating in the north-east regions of Afghanistan, lapis lazuli was a highly prized material in the production of amulets from the Predynastic period onwards. The motif of the gryphon, used on Egyptian scarabs as early as the 18th Dynasty, was particularly appreciated among the Greek colonists in Egypt, for whom Naukratis was a main residential centre.

41

EGYPTIAN JASPER SCARAB WITH DOUBLE URAEUS THIRD INTERMEDIATE-LATE PERIOD,1069-332 B.C. A black jasper scarab with anatomical detailing to the head and legs; the underside with an aegis of Hathor surmounting double uraei enclosing a Horus falcon; pierced for suspension. ¾ in. (3.09 grams, 18 mm). £400 - 600

SECOND INTERMEDIATE PERIOD, 1664-1569 B.C.

PROVENANCE:

Acquired in the 1990s. Property of of a London gentleman. Property of a Cambridgeshire, UK, gentleman. LITERATURE:

PROVENANCE:

Acquired in the 1990s. Property of of a London gentleman. Property of a Cambridgeshire, UK, gentleman.

Cf. Ben-Tor, D., Scarabs, Chronology, and Interconnections – Egypt and Palestine in the Second Intermediate Period, Göttingen, 2007, pp.78, 81-82, for a discussion of the key design elements. FOOTNOTES:

42

EGYPTIAN STEATITE SCARAB WITH HIEROGLYPHS MIDDLE-LATE NEW KINGDOM, CIRCA 1800-1100 B.C.

The use of confronted cobras, ka signs with a double horizontal line, and a sedge plant used informally, are indicative of scarabs of the Second Intermediate Period that occur within Egypt as well as sites outside, such as Canaan and Palestine, where they were copied.

A steatite scarab with detailing to the carapace, head and legs, hieroglyphs to base including seated figure of Ma'at and the Red Crown of Lower Egypt; occluded piercing. 1 in. (5 grams, 26 mm long). £200 - 300

24

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


44 44

EGYPTIAN BRONZE CAT HEAD FOR THE GODDESS BASTET LATE PERIOD, 664-332 B.C. A well-proportioned bronze cat head modelled in the round with stylised features and recessed eyes, possibly for inlays, hollowformed; accompanied by a custom-made display base. 2⅝ in. (4¾ in.) (241 grams, 68 mm (862 grams total, 12 cm high including stand)). £4,000 - 6,000 PROVENANCE:

Ex private French collection, 1970s. Ex Patrick Declerck, Auction, Douai, France, sale no.775, 16 February 2014, lot 22. Accompanied by a copy of a French cultural passport no.158919. Accompanied by an academic report by Egyptologist Paul Whelan. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11290-189882. LITERATURE:

Cf. The Metropolitan Museum, accession number 56.16.1, for a comparable, albeit decorated, cat head; cf. The British Museum, museum number EA11556, for a similar style of head; Roeder, G., Ägyptische Bronzewerke, Berlin 1956, pp. 344-346. FOOTNOTES:

The cat was sacred to the goddess Bastet, who enjoyed great status in the Late Period and Ptolemaic-Roman times and was worshipped in many parts of Egypt. Statuettes of the goddess depict her as a cat-headed woman wearing a long, tight-fitting dress. Her main cult centre was at Bubastis in the eastern Delta, where investigations in the 19th century revealed heaps of cat bones mixed with copper-alloy cat statuettes and heads. Many hundreds have also been recovered from the area of her temple, the Bubasteion, at Saqqara.

45

EGYPTIAN STANDING FIGURE OF AMUN-RE LATE PERIOD, 664-332 B.C. A bronze statuette of the god Amun-Re, modelled in the round in a striding pose on an integral rectangular base, wearing a short kilt and headdress with socket for ostrich plumes, arms held by his sides with hands made into gripping fists, stylised facial features and false beard; accompanied by a custom-made display stand with Bonhams lot number to underside. 5¾ in. (281 grams, 14.8 cm high). £3,000 - 4,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired in the 1970s. From the private collection of Gottfried and Helga Hertel, Cologne, Germany. With Bonhams, London, 3 July 2019, lot 274 (part). Accompanied by a copy of the relevant Bonhams catalogue pages. Accompanied by a recent dealer's certificate of authenticity and invoice with provenance. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11291-191831.

45

LITERATURE:

Cf. The Metropolitan Museum, accession number 04.2.451, for similar.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

25


46

47

48

46

EGYPTIAN FIGURE OF KNEELING WORSHIPPER LATE PERIOD, CIRCA 525-332 B.C. A bronze figure of a worshipper modelled in the round, kneeling with his forearms raised in front of the body, palms facing outwards in a gesture of adoration, shaved head or cap, semi-naturalistic facial features; possibly from an offering tray or similar object; mounted on a custom-made display base. 4⅛ in. (308 grams total, 10.7 cm high including stand). £1,200 - 1,700 PROVENANCE:

From a collection assembled from the 1930s. Ex Mr. E.M. (1880-1954), Zürich, Switzerland. The collection was kept within the family and came into the possession of his grandson Mr. A.M. Accompanied by a scholarly note by Egyptologist Paul Whelan. LITERATURE:

For similar kneeling figures on offering tables see Insley, C., The Temple Furniture from the Sacred Animal Necropolis at North Saqqâra, 1964-1976, London, 1987, pp.117-119; for a figure in an identical pose kneeling before a statuette of Anubis see: Schulz, R. and Seidel, M., Egyptian Art: The Walters Art Museum, London, 2009, pp.114-115, no.45; and The Brooklyn Museum, accession number 35.1031.

47

PROVENANCE:

Ex private collection, Yvelines Department, France. French art market, 2011. Accompanied by a copy of a French cultural passport no.125113. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11292-189890. LITERATURE:

See Walker, S. & Higgs, P. (eds), Cleopatra of Egypt, London, 2001, p.105, no.127, for a similar example; cf. The Metropolitan Museum, accession numbers 15.6.1, 45.4.3a, b and 04.2.584, for similar. FOOTNOTES:

The maternal theme of this group highlights Isis’ role as a life-giver and protector of the young.

48

EGYPTIAN BRONZE HORUS STATUETTE LATE PERIOD-PTOLEMAIC PERIOD, 664-30 B.C. A bronze statuette of the god Horus in falcon form, standing on a subrectangular base, semi-naturalistic detailing to the face, wings and enlarged legs and feet. 1½ in. (48 grams, 40 mm height). £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

From an earlier 20th century collection. Acquired 1999-2002 from Rupert Wace. Property of a South Oxfordshire private collector.

EGYPTIAN SEATED ISIS WITH HORUS STATUETTE LATE PERIOD-PTOLEMAIC PERIOD, 500-31 B.C. A bronze statuette modelled in the round as the goddess Isis seated, wearing the horned sun-disk crown atop a headdress fronted by a uraeus, her right hand massaging her left breast as she nurses the infant Horus seated on her lap, who wears the sidelock of youth; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 4½ in. (129 grams total, 11.5 cm including stand). £4,000 - 6,000

26

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


49

LARGE EGYPTIAN SEATED FIGURE OF OSIRIS THIRD INTERMEDIATE-LATE PERIOD, CIRCA 1081-343 B.C. LITERATURE:

A substantial bronze figure of the seated god Osiris wearing a tight fitting garment and holding his typical regalia, the heka-sceptre in his left hand and the nehaha-flail in the right, wearing the White Crown (Hedjet) of Upper Egypt with a finely detailed uraeus at the front; the long beard with finely incised detail modelled separately from the chest and supported from behind by a slender ‘post’; accompanied by a custom-made display stand. 11 in. (1.8 kg total, 28cm high including stand). £15,000 - 20,000 PROVENANCE:

See Roeder, G., Ägyptische Bronzewerke, Berlin, 1956, p.143, Abb.201, for a similar beard support; Roeder, G., ‘Die Arme der Osiris-Mumie,’ in Firchow, O. (ed.), Ägyptologische Studien, Berlin, 1955, pp. 248-286; cf. National Museum of Antiquities, Leiden, inv. no. F 1955/10. FOOTNOTES:

Osiris was the pre-eminent god of the Underworld and a central figure in ancient Egyptian funerary beliefs over several millennia. He represented the incarnation of the deceased pharaoh, hence his royal regalia, and could ensure passage to the afterlife for ordinary Egyptians. Not surprisingly, he was worshipped throughout Egypt, although his most important cult centres were at Abydos in the south and Busiris in the northern Delta region.

Acquired in the 1970s-1980s. Private collection, thence by descent. Private collection, since 1998. Accompanied by a two page academic report by Egyptologist Paul Whelan. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11293-189888.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

27


51

50

52

50

51

EGYPTIAN CARTONNAGE TRAPPING FOR THE DAUGHTER OF IMHOTEP

EGYPTIAN JASPER BES AMULET LATE PERIOD-PTOLEMAIC PERIOD, 664-30 B.C.

PTOLEMAIC PERIOD, 332-31 B.C. A polychrome cartonnage portion for the daughter of Imhotep; the central column of cursive hieroglyphic text bordered on both sides by three pictorial registers: the top register showing two seated deities or magical guardians; the middle register right panel depicting two of the Four Sons of Horus, responsible for protecting the internal organs of the deceased, shown wielding a knife emphasising their protective role; the lower register decorated with stylised leaves and petals of the lotus plant (Seshen); the inscription with orthographic peculiarities, possibly due to the artisan running out of space towards the end of the column, which can be read in the context as: “....Horet, true of voice, born (daughter) of Iymhotep, true of voice, come bring (offerings) for Anubis lord of embalming that he may give wrapping(s of) fine and sweet (smelling) linen (and) grant (to) her (a) burial for eternity”; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 8¼ in. (130 grams total, 21 cm high including stand). [No Reserve] £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

Acquired before 1970. Private London, UK, collection. With Nefer Ancient Art, UK. Property of a Sussex, UK, teacher. Accompanied by a copy of a Nefer Ancient Art certificate of authenticity. Accompanied by an academic report by Egyptologist Paul Whelan. LITERATURE:

Cf. The Egypt Centre, Swansea, inv.no.W894, for a cartonnage apron element; Yale Peabody Museum, inv.no.ANT 006835, for a complete set of cartonnage trappings.

A substantial red jasper amulet in the form of the dwarf god Bes, modelled squatting on a rectangular base; circular recess to top of head. 1½ in. (18.7 grams, 39 mm high). £2,000 - 3,000 PROVENANCE:

Ex Lacy Scott collection. UK private collection.

52

EGYPTIAN BLACK HARDSTONE SPHINX LATE PERIOD-PTOLEMAIC PERIOD, CIRCA 500-31 B.C. An Egyptian or Graeco-Roman hardstone sphinx modelled in the round, sitting on a sub-rectangular base, with the body of a winged feline and head of a woman, her hair tied in a bun on the top of her head, stylised anatomical and facial detailing, circular socket to the top face behind the head; mounted on a custom-made antique wooden display base. 2 in. (74 grams total, 50 mm long including base). £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

From Saqqara in the late 1960s. With John Cummings, Lincolnshire, UK, 1990s. Acquired 20 May 1997. Property of a South Oxfordshire private collector. Accompanied by an original invoice no.6469 dated 20 May 1997. Accompanied by a scholarly note by Egyptologist Paul Whelan. LITERATURE:

Cf. a heavily worn steatite(?) winged sphinx, dated to 90-10 B.C., was found at Meroe and is now in The Museum of Fine Arts Boston, inv.no.22-1-609.

28

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


53

LARGE EGYPTIAN FLY AMULET LATE PERIOD, 664-332 B.C. A black jasper amulet formed as a fly standing on a triangular base, with simple detailing to the wings, thorax and head; horizontally pierced for suspension. ⅞ in. (6.31 grams, 22 mm). £1,800 - 2,400

53

PROVENANCE:

Ex Julia Schottlander. Acquired circa 1991. Important North West London collection.

54

EGYPTIAN FAIENCE THOTH AMULET LATE PERIOD, 664-332 B.C. A green-glazed faience amulet in the form of the ibis-headed god Thoth, shown striding forwards on a rectangular base with his hands held to his sides, wearing the shendyt kilt, wedge-shaped pillar to reverse, pierced for suspension; mounted on an old perspex stand. 1¾ in. (8.79 grams total, 45 mm high including stand). £300 - 400 PROVENANCE:

Hans Becker collection. With Bonhams, 21 April 2005, lot 42 (part). Private collection of Professor Kenneth Graham, London, UK. Accompanied by a copy of the Bonhams catalogue listing.

54

55

EGYPTIAN FAIENCE AMULET COLLECTION NEW KINGDOM-LATE PERIOD, 1550-332 B.C. A group of five faience amulets, each mounted on a custom-made display stand, comprising: a pale green-glazed amulet of Khnum wearing the Atef crown, on a wooden stand; a pale green-glazed amulet of Shu in profile, perspex mounted; a pale green-glazed amulet of a hare, the long ears with some linear detail, perspex mounted; a blue-glazed composition amulet of an ibis, suspension loop on its back, perspex mounted; a trussed bull in red stone imitating jasper, possibly New Kingdom period, possibly from a foundation deposit, perspex mounted. 1¼ - 2¼ in. (37.4 grams total, 33-63 mm including stand). [5] £300 - 400 PROVENANCE:

55

Hans Becker collection. With Bonhams, 21 April 2005, lot 42 (part). Private collection of Professor Kenneth Graham, London, UK. Accompanied by part of an original Bonhams catalogue page.

56

EGYPTIAN GOLD CAT AMULET THIRD INTERMEDIATE PERIOD, 1069-702 B.C. A gold amuletic pendant in the form of a cat sitting on a tongueshaped base and associated with the goddess Bastet; suspension loop behind the shoulders.¼ in. (0.50 grams, 8 mm). £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

Early 20th century French collection. LITERATURE:

56

Cf. Andrews, C., Amulets of Ancient Egypt, London, 1994, p.33, item 29(c).

57

EGYPTIAN GOLD BIRD AMULET NEW KINGDOM, 1550-1070 B.C. A bifacial gold amulet in the form of a perching bird, possibly a vulture, with stylised detailing to the head, wings and feet; pierced between tail and chest for suspension.½ in. (0.86 grams, 11 mm). £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

Early 20th century French collection. LITERATURE:

Cf. The Baron Empain collection, Christies, 14 April 2011, lots 39 and 40, for similar.

57

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

29


58

EGYPTIAN WOODEN PRINCESS FIGURINE EARLY NEW KINGDOM, 1569-1480 B.C. A carved wooden figure of a princess advancing, wearing a Broad Collar, tripartite wig and uraeus to the brow; fly whisk held in the left hand across the chest; pierced below the lappet of the wig; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 9 in. (9⅝ in.) (160 grams, 23 cm (292 grams total, 24.5 cm including stand)). £5,000 - 7,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired in the 1960s. From the collection of the late Egyptologist Surgeon Commander PHK Gray RN. From a Surrey, UK, collection. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11295-192738.

30

LITERATURE:

Cf. Barbotin, C., Les statues égyptiennes du Nouvel empire – statues royales et divines, Planches, Paris, 2007, pp.154-159, for a 19th Dynasty wooden statuette of Ahmose-Nefertari. FOOTNOTES:

The distinctive tripartite wig which leaves a gap behind the neck is a characteristic style for royal ladies of the late Second Intermediate Period-early 18th Dynasty, the most well-known being Ahmose-Nefertari, wife of the pharaoh Ahmose, founder of the 18th Dynasty. Many two- and three-dimensional archaising representations of Ahmose-Nefertari wearing a more elaborate version of this wig survive from the 19th Dynasty, when she was worshipped as a deity. However, the treatment of the face places this statuette earlier.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


59

EGYPTIAN FUNERARY ROASTING SCENE 12TH DYNASTY, 1991-1843 B.C. A wooden diorama comprising: a thick rectangular base with gessoed surface; squatting male figure in a white kilt with modelled hair and painted facial details, the hands drilled to accept the handles of tools; a wooden spit with impaled carcass of a roasting fowl in the left hand; a small fan in the right hand; a squat fire-bowl with rounded rim and recess to the upper edge; made for the tomb to accompany the deceased and provide for him in the afterlife. 12 in. (743 grams, 30.5 cm long). £3,500 - 4,500 PROVENANCE:

Acquired in the 1960s. From the collection of the late Egyptologist Surgeon Commander PHK Gray RN. From a Surrey, UK, collection. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11296-192736.

59

LITERATURE:

Cf. Barker, G., Preparing for Eternity, Oxford, 2022, p.61, fig.2.31; Taylor, J.H., Death and the Afterlife in Ancient Egypt, London, 2001, pp.99-103, for discussion.

60

EGYPTIAN WOODEN COPTIC SHRINE 5TH-7TH CENTURY A.D. A carved wood shrine of pentagonal form with Egyptian symbols: the royal cobra, uraeus, the sun-disk of Ra, the eye of Ra, together with a phallic symbol of fertility typical of the Graeco-Roman world and of the god Priapus. 3¾ in. (100 grams, 95 mm). £800 - 1,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired in the late 1980s-early 1990s. Important North West London collection. LITERATURE:

See Crum, M.W.E., Catalogue général des antiquités égyptiennes du Musée du Caire, nos.8001-8741 Coptic Monuments, Le Caire, 1902, panel 8515, for similar decorations.

60

FOOTNOTES:

The small altar, probably for domestic use, seems to be a synthesis of ancient Egyptian symbolism combined with elements of the Graeco-Roman world. It was made in a late Roman setting, combining religious elements, possibly invoking prophylactic qualities, blessings and fertility on the owner or his family.

61 ‡

EGYPTIAN WOVEN REED BASKET NEW KINGDOM, 18TH DYNASTY, CIRCA 1569-1315 B.C. A neat, tight weave, palm leaf or halfa grass coiled and woven basket, composed of a flat base and slightly tapering sidewalls. 4⅞ in. (85 grams, 12.5 cm wide). [No Reserve] £500 - 700 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1960-2010. Old French collection of Dr Delattre, who collected principally prehistoric objects but also ancient bronzes, natural history and curiosity around the world. Property of a French collector. Accompanied by a scholarly note by Egyptologist Paul Whelan. LITERATURE:

61

See Hayes, W.C. The Scepter of Egypt, vol. II, New York, 1990 (rev. reprint), p.53, fig.25, for similar examples (with lids); also cf. The Metropolitan Museum, accession number 28.3.24, for a basket of similar construction; and cf. The British Museum, museum number EA6326, for a similar basket.

62

EGYPTIAN COPTIC VOTIVE BOAT WITH MUMMY 1ST-7TH CENTURY A.D. A funerary boat made from bound reeds, wood, and cloth, with an inward-curving prow and stern; an oblong cloth-wrapped package tied to the boat with thin strips of red-patterned cloth; two stylised oars attached to one side of the package. 20⅞ in. (621 grams, 53 cm). [No Reserve] £700 - 900 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1970s-1996. Property of a North American collector. London collection, 2016.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

62

31


63

EGYPTIAN LIMESTONE FIGURE OF ISIS-APHRODITE PTOLEMAIC-ROMAN PERIOD, 332 B.C.-200 A.D. A limestone figure modelled in the half-round, lying naked on a rectangular bed, executed with semi-naturalistic anatomical detailing, voluminous coiffed hair and painted necklace, armbands and distinctive ornamental girdle at the waist; accompanied by a custommade display stand. 4½ in. (109 grams total, 11.5 cm including stand). £600 - 800 PROVENANCE:

With Secret Eye Gallery, New York City, 1977. With Arte Primitivo, New York, USA, 8 October, 2003, lot 66. Private collection of Professor Kenneth Graham, London, UK. Accompanied by an original Arte Primitivo catalogue page. Accompanied by a scholarly note by Egyptologist Paul Whelan. FOOTNOTES:

This syncretic figure combines the Egyptian goddess Isis and the Greek goddess Aphrodite, a deity popular from the 3rd century B.C. into the Roman Period, who embodied aspects of fertility, marriage, and childbirth.

63 64

EGYPTIAN TERRACOTTA CONCUBINE FIGURINE SECOND INTERMEDIATE PERIOD-EARLY NEW KINGDOM, CIRCA 16601500 B.C. A stylised, nude terracotta female figure modelled in the round with legs held together, once tapering to feet and thus creating a daggershaped figure; hands clasped to thighs, long neck, pinched nose, eyes expressed as incised diagonal grooves, three circular piercings to head and a piercing to both ears, applied ornamental collar and breasts, ring of pricked dots around navel and above pubic area, continued over the contours of her exaggerated buttocks. 5¼ in. (90.5 grams, 13.5 cm high). £500 - 700 PROVENANCE:

London Mayfair, UK, collection, formed 1970s-1980s. Ex property of a London gentleman. Private collection of Professor Kenneth Graham, London, UK. Accompanied by a scholarly note by Egyptologist Paul Whelan. Accompanied by a positive thermoluminescence analysis report from Oxford Authentication no.N119p23 dated 28 October 2019. LITERATURE:

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For a near identical example from Esna see Downes, D., The Excavations at Esna, 1905-1906, Warminster, 1974, p.85, fig.49 (far left); for other examples from Thebes and Koptos see Hayes, W.C., The Scepter of Egypt, vol. II, New York, 1990 (rev. reprint), pp.16-17, fig.6; and Fazzini, R.A. et. al., Ancient Egyptian Art in the Brooklyn Museum, New York, 1989, no.30.

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PHOENICIO-EGYPTIAN AMULET OF A SQUATTING FEMALE 4TH-1ST CENTURY B.C. A carved bone amulet modelled in the round as a nude, squatting female figure with a large or pregnant belly, hands clasped together below the navel, stylised facial features and wavy hair dressed at the back; suspension loop pierced through what possibly represents a headdress. 1¼ in. (2.86 grams, 32 mm high). £500 - 700 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1970-1999. Property of a late London Mayfair gentleman, by descent.

65

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


Greek Lots 66 - 111 Also see lots 571 - 627


66

GREEK ATTIC BLACK-FIGURE KYLIX EYE-CUP CIRCA 520-500 B.C. A terracotta black-figure kylix composed of a D-section bowl and stemmed foot, bowl exterior decorated with a winged figure of Eos, goddess of the dawn, running right between two stylised eyes, repeated on both principal faces, two integral handles curving upwards, each embellished with vine motifs; gorgoneion to the interior base. 10½ in. (381 grams, 26.7 cm wide). £18,000 - 24,000 PROVENANCE:

Private collection, New York, USA. Acquired from Sotheby's, New York, Friday 16 May 1980, lot 175. Ex New England, USA, collection. Accompanied by an academic report by Dr. Raffaele D'Amato. Accompanied by copies of the relevant Sotheby's catalogue pages. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11297-189881.

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LITERATURE:

Cf. The Metropolitan Museum, accession numbers 96.18.65 and 41.162.8, for similar drinking cups; cf. The British Museum, museum number 1864,1007.294, for similar; cf. Bundrick, S.D., ‘Athenian Eye Cups in Context’ in American Journal of Archaeology, vol.119, 2015, 3, pp.295-341, fig.1. FOOTNOTES:

One of the most compelling and mysterious of popular motifs on Greek pottery is the iconographic innovation of a large pair of eyes. Eye motifs first emerged on the exteriors of Athenian black-figure cups circa 540-530 B.C., with the famous Dionysos kylix by Exekias, found at Vulci and acquired for King Ludwig I of Bavaria in 1841, ranking among the earliest surviving examples.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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67

GREEK CORINTHIAN BLACK-FIGURE ALABASTRON WITH SWAN BY THE BRUSSELS PAINTER 7TH CENTURY B.C. A Corinthian black-figure piriform alabastron with broad mouth, possibly by the Brussels painter, pierced lug handle below, the body decorated with a figure of a swan in profile with wings spread, stylised flowers of varying sizes in the field, dashes to the neck and upper face of the mouth, dots around the rim. 3 in. (43.58 grams, 77 mm high). £1,500 - 2,000 PROVENANCE:

Ex Gubelin collection, Luzern, Switzerland, prior to 1970. LITERATURE:

Cf. The British Museum, museum number 1865,1214.16, for similar; cf. Amyx, D.A., Corinthian Vase Painting of the Archaic Period, Berkeley, London, New York, 1988, for an alabastron by the Brussels painter. FOOTNOTES:

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Black-figure vase painting comprised figures drawn in black silhouette, the internal details of which were realised with incised lines as well as the addition of red and white pigments. The style emerged in Corinth in the mid-7th century B.C. but developed into the full Corinthian style in the last quarter of that century. This Corinthian style pottery often uses Near Eastern, or 'Orientalising' motifs, depicting real and mythological animals in registers crowded with incised rosettes. The swan was often associated with the mythological figure of Leda, or with the so-called Mistress of the Animals.

68

GREEK RED FIGURE SKYPHOS WITH OWLS 5TH-4TH CENTURY B.C. A terracotta red figure skyphos with carinated body, an owl standing facing, framed by olive or laurel sprays on both faces, two handles and discoid foot. 4⅝ in. (48.9 grams, 11.8 cm wide). £500 - 700 PROVENANCE:

Acquired in the 1970s. Ex Olivier Vodoz, Geneva, Switzerland. LITERATURE:

Cf. The Metropolitan Museum, accession numbers 2011.604.10.143 and 41.162.100, for similar; cf. an identical owl on a red-Attic skyphos in MelnikovaGrigorjeva, Bogdanova, O., 'An owl and a mirror: on Bosch's visual motif's meaning' in Sign Systems Studies, 38, (1/4), Tartu, 2010, fig.3, p.215, in the Museum of Fine Arts, Lyon. FOOTNOTES:

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The 'owl' motif is found in Ancient Greece (especially in Athens) as an attribute of the goddess Athena, and later with the Roman Minerva. The goddess of wisdom is rarely seen without her main attributes, and therefore the owl is often present. The popularity of an owl as a symbol of Pallas Athena is confirmed by Greek coins dating from 5th–2nd centuries B.C., gemstones, amphorae, but especially by a group of skyphoi with its image. This specimen belongs to a series widespread in the last quarter of 5th century B.C.

69

GREEK OIL FLASK WITH HECTOR AND ACHILLES IN BATTLE 6TH-5TH CENTURY B.C. A terracotta piriform Attic black figure lekythos with splayed foot, waisted neck and everted rim, painted with short tongues at the base of neck, long tongues on the shoulder and black figure warriors in combat holding spears and shields between two standing male figures. 3⅝ in. (47.3 grams, 92mm). £800 - 1,000 PROVENANCE:

Q. Sch estate collection, 1960s. Ex Luzia Richter. Property of a Sussex, UK, teacher. Accompanied by a copy of a positive Kotalla Laboratory thermoluminescence report no.01PR8062022. LITERATURE:

Cf. Papuci-Władyka, E., Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum, Poland Fascicule 11, Cracow Fascicule I, Cracow, 2012, figs. 43ff. FOOTNOTES:

69

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The duel between Achilles and Hector was one of the most frequently-painted decorative themes found on Greek pottery. The painter here represents the scene from the Iliad: 'And Achilles made at him, for his heart was filled with wild fierceness, and before his breast he made a covering with his fair graven shield, and shaked his bright four-plated helm and round it waved fair golden plumes, that Hephaistos had set thick about the crest' (Iliad of Homer, book XXII, 306316).

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


70

GREEK PAINTED BLACK WARE LEKYTHOS 5TH-4TH CENTURY B.C. A squat, piriform terracotta lekythos decorated with the winged goddess Nike in flight, lifting an alabastron from a pedestal, half-circle of flutes to the base of the neck; in the style of the Washing Painter. 7¼ in. (306 grams, 18.5 cm high). [No Reserve] £500 - 700 PROVENANCE:

From a deceased Suffolk, UK, estate. Property of a Cambridgeshire gentleman.

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GREEK SOUTH ITALIAN BLACK-GLAZED TREFOIL OINOCHOE

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CIRCA 4TH-3RD CENTURY B.C. A black-glazed oinochoe with tapering body and broad rounded shoulder decorated with incised vertical ribs, trefoil mouth, integral handle with incised X-motif below, everted foot with tapered edge. 4¾ in. (164 grams, 12 cm high). £1,000 - 1,400 PROVENANCE:

Ex private French collection. Acquired by the current owner on the French art market in 2008. LITERATURE:

Cf. The Metropolitan Museum, accession number 41.162.49, for a 4th century B.C. Campanian example; cf. the Beazley archive vases nos. 9008677- 9008678 (in Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum: Fiesole, Collezione Costantini, 2, 29, PL.(2598) 38.1-2) and 9016140 (in Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum: Gotha, Schlossmuseum 2, 44, pl.(1420) 89.5). FOOTNOTES:

Such oinochoe vessels were produced in southern Italy from the 4th century B.C., most probably in the Greek colony of Campania. These vessels were characterised by a bulbous body with an elegant design, and by a black metallic glaze of a very fine quality, conferring a marvellous, smooth exterior surface.

71

72

GREEK ATTIC METALLIC GLAZED KYLIX 6TH-5TH CENTURY B.C. A ceramic kylix with decorative metallic glaze, two integral handles, carinated body and splayed foot. 7½ in. (161 grams, 19 cm wide). £300 - 400 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1960s-1990s. Late Alison Barker collection, a retired London barrister.

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GREEK ATTIC BLACK-GLAZED KYLIX CIRCA 5TH CENTURY B.C. A black-glazed kylix or stemmed cup created without handles, composed of a D-section bowl with attractive whorl pattern to the centre, everted rim, spool-shaped stem and discoid foot; old label with '37' to the outside of the bowl. 6⅛ in. (230 grams, 15.6 cm wide). £500 - 700

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PROVENANCE:

Ex Louis-Gabriel Bellon (1819?-1899), France. Private collection, acquired on the French art market in 2009. LITERATURE:

Cf. Sparkes B.A., Talcott L., The Athenian Agora XII, Black and Plain Pottery of the 6th, 5th, and 4th Centuries B.C., 2 vol., Princeton, New York, 1970, p.138. FOOTNOTES:

This Attic pottery type, developed towards the late 6th century B.C., made from a fine light tan clay with a semi-lustrous black gloss, except for the edge and underside of discoid foot. Usually this kind of handleless kylix evidences a shallow, segmental form body with the lip curving inward and being slightly offset on the exterior. A wide circle in black is usually visible on the underside of the foot.

73

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

37


74

76

75

77 74 ‡

76 ‡

GREEK BLACK-GLAZED ATHENIAN PLATE

ETRUSCO-CORINTHIAN TERRACOTTA CHALICE

5TH-3RD CENTURY B.C.

CIRCA 620-580 B.C.

A black-glazed plate or shallow bowl with D-section rim and everted foot, pierced twice for suspension, painted apotropaic eye decoration to the centre of the bottom. 5⅛ in. (212 grams, 13 cm wide). £500 - 700

A cream-coloured shallow clay bowl with a flared rim, enhanced with burgundy and with two lugs for suspension; the high stemmed foot with a projecting rib in the middle of the stem, standing on a flat stepped base, decorated with bands, brown-glazed and reserved areas. 5⅜ in. (234 grams, 13.7 cm wide). £400 - 600

PROVENANCE:

Private collection, acquired in the 1970s-1980s; thence by descent. Private collection, since 1998. LITERATURE:

Cf. Walsh J.St.P.W., Antonaccio, C., ‘Athenian Black Gloss Pottery: a view from the West’ in Oxford Journal of Archaeology, 33 (1) 47-67, 2014, pp.47-67, fig.12.

75 ‡

HELLENISTIC MEGARIAN BOWL WITH FLORAL DECORATION 3RD-1ST CENTURY B.C. A hemispherical black-glazed terracotta bowl with everted rim, raised circumferential band to the shoulder, moulded band of ovolo ornament below, body quartered using stylised fern leaves, an elaborate floral form occupying the centre of each, rosette to base. 5 in. (199 grams, 12.6 cm wide). £1,000 - 1,400 PROVENANCE:

Ex private European collection. Acquired by the current owner in 2001. LITERATURE:

Cf. The British Museum, museum numbers 1842,0728.803 and 1856,0826.433, for similar; cf. Baur, P.V.C., ‘Megarian Bowls in the Rebecca Darlington Stoddard Collection of Greek and Italian vases in Yale University’ in American Journal of Archaeology, vol.45, no.2, April-June, 1941, pp.229-248.

PROVENANCE:

Auktionshaus Schwab, Landenburg, Germany, June 2009, lot 5534. With Galerie Ostracon, Zurich, Switzerland, 2015. Private Australian collection with collection number 15.03. Accompanied by an illustrated two page collector's cataloguing document. Accompanied by an Ostracon certificate of authenticity and legal statement from Dr. Bernhard I Muller.

77 ‡

ETRUSCAN WHITE-ON-RED OLPE WITH ANIMAL FRIEZE CIRCA 7TH CENTURY B.C. An olpe with ovoid body characterised by typical small wheel-shaped elements on the intersection between the handle and the rim; polychrome decoration over the entire vessel and inside the rim, with three equidistant horizontal lines between; a frieze of three animals (dog, lion and horse) advancing right on the upper section of the body, all in white with red dots; dotted floral motifs the neck and body, a star motif composed of painted red triangles over white slip around the basal ring; the design on this olpe is by a rare painter. 7¼ in. (363 grams, 18.3 cm high). £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

Property of a Belgian gentlewoman since the 1970s. Andrea Pancotti collection, a gift from her husband. Bertolami Fine Art, London, UK, Auction 81, 24 May 2020, lot 5. Private Australian collection with collection number 20.06. Accompanied by an illustrated two page collector's cataloguing document.

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


78

78

LIFE-SIZE ETRUSCAN TERRACOTTA HEAD 4TH-2ND CENTURY B.C. A life-size terracotta head of a youthful woman, modelled with seminaturalistic facial features, hair pulled back from her face in textured layers, held by a fillet, button-shaped earrings in her ears; hollowformed, hole to the top of head; mounted on a custom-made display base. 12⅜ in. (2.5 kg total, 31.5 cm high including stand). £3,000 - 4,000 PROVENANCE:

Private collection. With Galerie Serodine, Ascona, Switzerland, early 1990s. Ex collection of Dr. E.N., acquired in 1995. Accompanied by an academic report by Dr Raffaele D'Amato. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11298-189874. LITERATURE:

Cf. The British Museum, museum number 1873, 0820.125, for a similar face in bronze; Torelli, M., Gli Etruschi, Monza, 2000, pp.378-379, 588; the Fordham University Library collection, inventory nos.10.003, 10.008, 10.010.

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GREEK TERRACOTTA HEAD OF A FEMALE WEARING POLOS 5TH-3RD CENTURY B.C. A hollow-formed ceramic female head, modelled in the round wearing a polos, with wavy hair and semi-naturalistic facial detailing; possibly served as a vessel; accompanied by a wooden display base. 5¼ in. (7⅛ in.) (401 grams, 13.5 cm high (600 grams total, 18 cm high including stand)). £1,000 - 1,400 PROVENANCE:

Swiss collection, 1990s. Ex West London gentleman's collection. Accompanied by a previous dealer's cataloguing ticket including provenance. Accompanied by an old Kodak photograph.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

79

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80

LARGE GREEK TERRACOTTA SITULA 5TH-3RD CENTURY B.C. A terracotta situla with bulbous shoulder, tapering body and flared foot, either side a mask of Hercules wearing a lionskin hood in raised relief to the shoulder, additional busts modelled in the half-round to the rim. 8 2/3 in. (1.1 kg, 22 cm tall). £2,000 - 3,000 PROVENANCE:

Private collection. With Galerie Serodine, Ascona, Switzerland, early 1990s. Acquired in 1995. Ex collection of Dr. E.N. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11299-189877. LITERATURE:

Cf. The Metropolitan Museum, accession number 1983.528.2, for similar.

80

81 ‡

ETRUSCAN VOTIVE TERRACOTTA MALE HEAD LATE 4TH-EARLY 2ND CENTURY B.C. A votive terracotta head modelled in the round as a youthful male with short wavy hair, furrowed brow line and semi-naturalistic facial features; hollow-formed; accompanied by a custom-made display stand. 10 in. (2.34 kg total, 25.5cm including stand). £1,000 - 1,400 PROVENANCE:

Private collection. With Galerie Serodine, Ascona, Switzerland, early 1990s. Ex collection of Dr. E.N., acquired in 1995. LITERATURE:

Cf. Bruni, S., 'La scultura (The sculpture)' in Torelli, M., Gli Etruschi (The Etruscans, in Italian), Monza, 2000, nos.302-305, pp.630-631. FOOTNOTES:

The head, which perhaps belonged to a medium-sized terracotta statue, or to a votive bust, shows the precise features of Etruscan portraiture of the Roman age, characterised by long facial planes and grooves on the forehead and under the chin. The sculptures of this period search for the physiognomic details of the individual, with attention to the representation of the hair, often divided into locks on the high forehead.

81

82

CYPRIOT HORSE AND RIDER FIGURE 8TH-6TH CENTURY B.C. A terracotta horse and rider figure modelled in the round standing on elongated stub legs, stout neck with stylised painted mane and coat detailing, waisted muzzle with raised almond-shaped eyes defined by painted roundels, solid colouring to the muzzle and short tail; rider represented by a torso and D-shaped head, arms reaching for the horse's neck and gripping its mane, painted detailing to the arms, hands and face. 6⅛ in. (206 grams, 15.5 cm wide). £2,000 - 3,000 PROVENANCE:

London deceased estate, 1960s-1970s. Property of a Cambridgeshire, UK, gentleman. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11300-192101. LITERATURE:

Cf. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, accession number 74.51.1771, for very similar. FOOTNOTES:

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Terracotta figurines of horse and rider were common grave offerings in Boeotia, northwest of Attica, particularly during the 6th century B.C. Representations of warriors on horseback were already diffused in the Geometric Period, and widely employed in Cyprus, in this same period. The image of our rider, although influenced by Cypriot designs, does not show typical Cypriot characteristics, and indeed his Kausia cap suggests a northern Greek origin.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


83

LARGE GREEK TERRACOTTA GODDESS WITH WORSHIPPER 4TH-3RD CENTURY B.C. A large terracotta statuette of a goddess with a smaller figure of a worshipper to her right, both standing on a rounded base with piecrust edge; the goddess wearing a long sleeveless Doric peplos, leaving the neck and chest uncovered, vertical lines and a thick pleating around the neck, a semi-circular stephane on her head; the smaller figure wearing a long sleeved chiton, polos, and an oblique himation, the right arm probably holding a dove. 13 in. (1.47 kg, 33 cm high). £800 - 1,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1980s-1990s. Collection of M. Cummings, Lincolnshire, UK. FOOTNOTES:

The Siceliot Greeks particularly displayed their devotion to Ceres-Demeter with votive terracottas. The goddess was frequently shown with a pig, perhaps represented here in the shapeless mass that can be seen between the goddess and the worshipper.

83

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GREEK TERRACOTTA STANDING FIGURE 5TH-3RD CENTURY B.C. A terracotta standing female figure dressed in a floor-length himation, hair drawn back and arranged into a chignon, semi-naturalistic facial features; hollow-formed. 8⅞ in. (337 grams, 22.5 cm high). £500 - 700 PROVENANCE:

French private collection. HVMC Vide ses entrepots, Hôtel des Ventes de Monte-Carlo, 12 May 2021, lot 93. Accompanied by a HVMC lot ticket.

84

85

CRETAN TERRACOTTA HYDRIA-WEARER 5TH-4TH CENTURY B.C. A terracotta ! &- !' (Hydria - water pot - wearer), formed as a standing female figure dressed in a chiton, one hand held by her side, the other steadying the hydria on her head; hollow-formed; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 7½ in. (9 in.) (120 grams, 19 cm high (175 grams total, 23 cm high including stand)). [No Reserve] £300 - 400 PROVENANCE:

Sotheby's 12 August 1978, lot 444 (part). Ex Mohamed Makriya collection. With old inked collection number '3715' and old label 'CRETE' to the inside. With Sotheby's part lot label '53/19' verso; and '160/B', '397/3 SOTH' and '24/7/78' pencilled to the base. LITERATURE:

Cf. !& &$ %$" , ., onanno- !& &$ %$" , M., & % &, ., Pisani, M., ' % %&, &$"%, μ% & & & &% $"%. π %$& &$& μ& & & !" % % ! "$ O! "μ $ ' (figurines, wreaths, small vases and lamps. clay votive offerings in a rural sanctuary in Orchomenos, in Greek) in %&$$% " ! , A. (ed.), Coroplastic and small crafts in the Aegean area from the geometric times to the Roman period, Athens, 2014, pp.45-68, fig.8, p.56. FOOTNOTES:

One of the most representative terracotta figurines offered as gifts in the Greek sanctuaries are the ones of Hydriaphorai (Hydria-wearers). In one sanctuary in Orchomenos, 32 different types are represented, covering the period from the 5th to 4th century B.C.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

85

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86 ‡

GREEK TERRACOTTA BUST OF A KORE 6TH-5TH CENTURY B.C. A terracotta bust in the form of a seated female figure with shoulderlength hair, wearing a polos and discoid earrings, recess to the top of the headwear; hollow-formed; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 10⅜ in. (766 grams total, 26.5 cm high including stand). £1,500 - 2,000 PROVENANCE:

Private collection. With Galerie Serodine, Ascona, Switzerland, early 1990s. Ex collection of Dr. E.N., acquired in 1995. LITERATURE:

Cf. The Metropolitan Museum, accession number 2000.39, for a comparable figure; Jenkins, R.J.H., ‘Archaic Argive Terracotta Figurines to 525 B.C.’ in The Annual of the British School in Athens, vol.32 (1931-1932), pp.23-40, Athens, 1932, pp.23-40, pl.16. FOOTNOTES:

According to R.J.H. Jenkins, the classes (C), D, E, of female terracotta votive figures belong to the seated female 'supported' type: that is, with the skirt bent at the waist and again at the knees, and two or (in larger figurines) one heavy support below to enable the figure to sit upright. Locks of hair, straight or curling, ears and (usually circular) earrings, were added to the already moulded head. The body was left plain and painted with black or brown-red varnish directly on the surface of the clay; some specimens, like our example, were represented wearing a round polos.

86

87

GREEK TERRACOTTA PEPLOS KORE FIGURE 6TH-5TH CENTURY B.C. A terracotta peplos kore figure modelled as a female standing on an integral base, wearing a peplos over chiton, with long hair descending over the shoulders, wearing a headdress or diadem, one hand held by her side with a recess at the centre of her fist for an attachment, the other hand held across her waist, stylised facial features. 8¾ in. (314 grams, 22.2 cm high). £1,000 - 1,400 PROVENANCE:

Private collection. With Galerie Serodine, Ascona, Switzerland, early 1990s. Ex collection of Dr. E.N., acquired in 1995. LITERATURE:

Cf. Stroud, R.S., ‘The Sanctuary of Demeter and Kore on Acrocorinth, Preliminary Report II, 1964-1965,’ in Hesperia: The Journal of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens, vol.37, no.3, 1968, pl.93 C. FOOTNOTES:

The peplos kore was a popular iconographic type, deriving from the same sculptor who created the Rampin Horseman.

87

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


88 ‡

GREEK TERRACOTTA FIGURE OF A KORE 5TH CENTURY B.C. A terracotta figure modelled as a female kore standing on an integral plinth, wearing a polos, semi-naturalistic detailing to her facial features; mounted on a custom-made display base. 7⅞ in. (185 grams total, 20 cm high including stand). £300 - 400 PROVENANCE:

Private collection. With Galerie Serodine, Ascona, Switzerland, early 1990s. Ex collection of Dr. E.N., acquired in 1995. LITERATURE:

Cf. Stanbury O’Donnell, M.D., A History of the Greek Art, Oxford, 2015, fig.I.4, p.9. FOOTNOTES:

This figurine belongs to the well known typology of the kore with chiton and polos, possibly a representation of the goddess Demeter. The clay figurine was one of the most common dedications in sanctuaries of the archaic period in Ionia and throughout the Aegean. The typology was characterised as a standing female with her legs and feet together and her right arm brought up to the chest, the right hand often holding a bird; the left arm hanging at the side. The head is stylised with large, almond-shaped eyes and thick lips; large ears are set high on the head. These figurines were votive offerings and were completely painted in natural colours. The archaic Eastern Greek model was widespread all around the Mediterranean, influencing also the Greek colonies of Magna Graecia.

88

89 ‡

GREEK TERRACOTTA FIGURE OF A KORE 5TH-4TH CENTURY B.C. A terracotta figure modelled in the round as a standing female on an integral plinth, wearing a polos, semi-naturalistic detailing to her facial features; mounted on a custom-made display base. 7½ in. (204 grams, 19 cm high including stand). £500 - 700 PROVENANCE:

Private collection. With Galerie Serodine, Ascona, Switzerland, early 1990s. Ex collection of Dr. E.N., acquired in 1995. LITERATURE:

Cf. Stanbury O’Donnell, M.D., A History of the Greek Art, Oxford, 2015, fig.I.4, p.9. FOOTNOTES:

89

This figurine belongs to the well known typology of the kore with chiton and polos, possibly a representation of the goddess Demeter. The clay figurine of a kore holding a dove to her breast was one of the most common dedications in sanctuaries of the archaic period in Ionia and throughout the Aegean. The typology was characterised as a female standing with her legs and feet together and her right arm brought up to the chest, the right hand often holding a bird; the left arm hanging at the side. The head is stylised with large, almond-shaped eyes and thick lips; large ears are set high on the head. This archaic Eastern Greek model was widespread all around the Mediterranean, influencing also the Greek colonies of Magna Graecia.

90 ‡

GREEK TERRACOTTA FIGURE OF A KORE 6TH-5TH CENTURY B.C. A terracotta figure modelled as a kore standing facing on an integral splayed base, wearing a polos and depicted with semi-naturalistic facial features; mounted on a custom-made display base. 8⅞ in. (330 grams, 22.5 cm high). £500 - 700 PROVENANCE:

Private collection. With Galerie Serodine, Ascona, Switzerland, early 1990s. Ex collection of Dr. E.N., acquired in 1995. LITERATURE:

Cf. Jenkins, R.J.H., ‘Archaic Argive Terracotta Figurines to 525 B.C.’ in The Annual of the British School in Athens, vol.32 (1931-1932), pp.23-40, Athens, 1932, pp.23-40, figs.7-8, pl.16. FOOTNOTES:

By the 7th century B.C., Greek art had begun to evolve from the geometric style to one which preferred a more naturalistic representation of the human figure. The freestanding sculptures of two main types- the standing youthful male known as a kouros, and the draped standing female kore- were the principal artistic subjects of this new style. The earliest known examples demonstrate an Egyptian influence in both pose and proportions, but over time sculptors created even more lifelike representations which were placed in sanctuaries such as the Heraion of Tegea, as well as in cemeteries, where they served as votive dedications to the deities.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

90

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91

91

HELLENISTIC GOLD INLAID AMPHORA PENDANT 2ND-1ST CENTURY B.C. A gold amphora-shaped pendant composed of strip-twist volute handles, spool-shaped neck, piriform body and plinth style foot, body decorated with deep geometric cells inlaid with vibrant lapis lazuli, turquoise and possibly glass paste; suspension loop over mouth; accompanied by a custom-made display stand. 1¼ in. (1⅞ in.) (6.96 grams, 33 mm (16 grams total, 49 mm including stand)). £1,000 - 1,400 PROVENANCE:

With Sotheby's, New York, 12 June 2001, lot 230 (US$10,000-$15,000). Property of a London gentleman. Accompanied by copies of the relevant Sotheby's catalogue pages.

92

GREEK PIN WITH GOLD AMPHORA FINIAL CIRCA 6TH CENTURY B.C. 92

A pin crowned by a gold finial formed as an amphora standing on a squat drum-shaped base, decorated with a frieze of filigree spirals, slender openwork arches supporting the vessel, with a carinated body and broad stepped mouth to possibly hold an attachment, four handles with granule ornament and granulated bands and triangles around the shoulder; free-running biconical collar below; with bronze body with tapering, square-section lower half and segmented upper half. 4⅛ in. (9.19 grams, 10.5 cm). £800 - 1,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1970-1999. Property of a late London Mayfair gentleman, by descent.

93

HELLENISTIC GOLD PIN WITH EAGLE OF ZEUS 3RD-1ST CENTURY B.C. A sheet-gold hair pin composed of a round-section stem tapering to a point, sheet-gold acanthus leaf collar in the style of an architectural column capital, supporting a (possibly reconstructed) discoid rock crystal collar above and finial formed as the eagle of Zeus, wings slightly spread, polished garnet cabochon set into a corrugated flange cell on the bird's breast, stylised detailing to the beak, head, legs, wing and tail feathers; pin constructed with a bronze core; accompanied by a custom-made display stand. 4¾ in. (5½ in.) (9.12 grams, 12 cm (142 grams total, 14 cm high including stand)). £3,000 - 4,000 PROVENANCE:

93

Old private American collection, since the 1980s. Acquired in London from Mr A.B. in 2019. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11301-190767. LITERATURE:

Cf. Marshall, F.H., Catalogue of the jewellery Greek, Etruscan & Roman in the departments of Antiquities of British Museum, London, 1911, pl.XXXIX, n.1999, for type.

44

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


94

95

96

97

94

95

LARGE HELLENISTIC GOLD RING WITH ODYSSEUS GEMSTONE

HELLENISTIC AMETHYST SATYR GEMSTONE IN GOLD RING

3RD-1ST CENTURY B.C.

2ND CENTURY B.C.

A large gold ring with a D-section expanding hoop and stepped ovalshaped bezel; the bezel set with a possibly later engraved chalcedony intaglio depicting a standing bearded warrior (Odysseus?) in thought, wearing a conical pilos, his right hand raised with the elbow resting on his raised knee with the foot propped up on a small rock, a spear or staff behind; possibly Ptolemaic. 1⅛ in. (18.54 grams, 30.40 mm overall, 21.21 mm internal diameter (approximate size British V½ , USA 10¾, Europe 24.4, Japan 23)). £5,000 - 7,000

An amethyst cabochon intaglio of a muscular satyr with a wineskin over one shoulder and staff; set in a later gold finger ring. 1 in. (8.22 grams, 27.30 mm overall, 23.32x15.85 mm internal diameter (approximate size British O, USA 7, Europe 14.98, Japan 14)). £4,000 - 6,000

PROVENANCE:

From an old French collection. With Delorme et Collin du Bocage, Tuesday 3 March 2015, lot 129. Property of a French collector. Accompanied by an original French cultural passport number 226548 dated 18 May 2021. Accompanied by an academic report by Dr. Raffaele D'Amato. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11302-190956. LITERATURE:

Cf. Osborne, D., Engraved gems, signets, talismans and ornamental intaglios, New York, 1912, pl.IX no.7; Marshall, F. M., Catalogue of the Finger Rings Greek, Etruscan and Roman in the Departments of Antiquities of the British Museum, London, 1968; Chadour, A.B., Rings. The Alice and Louis Koch Collection, volume I, Leeds, 1994, items 98-99-100, for type; Boardman, J., Greek gems and finger rings, London, 2001, nos.535 and 537. FOOTNOTES:

Boardman (2001, p.290) following Beazley, suggests this image as the iconography of Odysseus at the entrance of Hades, but also proposes that the warrior represents the same Greek hero receiving Diomedes after the theft of the Palladion in Troy (Boardman, 2001, no.1015). Odysseus was one of the most popular heroes, as he represented the embodiment of diplomacy and cunning. His popularity continued until Hellenistic and Roman times. Characteristic elements of his iconography, here visible, are that he is usually shown bearded and either wearing a semi-oval cap of a sailor and often a staff, being accompanied by a dog, Argos, or as a warrior aiding Diomedes to steal the Palladium or, in either character, seated and pondering.

PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1970s. Collection of jewellery formed by a lady. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11303-192746. LITERATURE:

Cf. Boardman, J. & Vollenweider, M-L., Catalogue of the Engraved Gems and Finger Rings - I. Greek and Etruscan Oxford, 1978, item 115, for type.

96

GRAECO-PARTHIAN GOLD EARRING PAIR 3RD CENTURY B.C.-2ND CENTURY A.D. A large matching pair of heavy gold hoop earrings, each composed of a tapering round-section bar and coiled wire sleeve. 1¼ in. (24.51 grams total, 32-33 mm). [2] £1,500 - 2,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired before the early 1970s. Ex London, UK, gallery. Property of a London gentleman.

97

PARTHIAN GOLD EARRING PAIR 3RD CENTURY B.C.-3RD CENTURY A.D. A matching pair of gold hoop earrings, each composed of a rectangular-section bar and facetted, chevron-shaped body decorated with coiled wire sleeves and applied pellets. ⅝ in. (4.93 grams total, 16 mm each). [2] £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1970-2010. Collection of a late Japanese gentleman.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

45


98

PARTHIAN GOLD EARRING PAIR 3RD CENTURY B.C.-3RD CENTURY A.D. A matched pair of gold earrings, each a crescent hoop with median bulb and rib, granulated clusters and hinge with looped finials.½ in. (6.03 grams total, 14-16 mm). [2] £500 - 700 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1980s-1990s. North London, UK, collection.

99

HELLENISTIC GOLD EARRING WITH FILIGREE AND GARNETS 3RD-1ST CENTURY B.C.

98

A substantial gold earring composed of a round-section hoop embellished with granules below the hinges, two flower head plaques with polished garnet centres, two tear-shaped plaques set with polished garnet cabochons, bulbous body decorated with domed bulbs with apex granules and additional granules between, squaresection tiered stem below with floral appliqué to four faces, quincunx of bulbs below with pyramid granule finials. 2 in. (9.83 grams, 50 mm). £1,800 - 2,400 PROVENANCE:

Acquired between 1980-1990. Property of a London gentleman.

100

GREEK GOLD INLAID EARRING 4TH-2ND CENTURY B.C. A gold earring composed of a rosette plaque with filigree outer petals, strip-twist and plain wire concentric roundels, central flower head with lapis lazuli and other hardstone inlay and central pellet; three lengths of trichinopoly chain comprising a heart plaque link and pearl bead held between lozengiform petal caps; central winged-heart cell with lapis and other stone inlay, amphora-shaped dangle below with scrolled handles, garnet bead body sandwiched by golden petals; spiralling wire plaques applied to reverse, emerging amongst the dangles; slender, round-section ear-hook. 2⅜ in. (5.69 grams, 59 mm). £1,000 - 1,400

99

PROVENANCE:

Ex private New York collection, 1999. Property of a London gentleman. LITERATURE:

Cf. Williams, D. and Ogden, J., Greek Gold Jewellery Of The Classical World, New York, 1995, pp.144-147, for similar elements; cf. Despini, A., Greek Art Ancient Gold Jewellery, Greece, 1996, p.79, for a jewellery item with similar elements.

101

GREEK GOLD FUNERARY DIADEM 5TH-3RD CENTURY B.C. A sheet-gold funerary diadem composed of a penannular, flat-section body with rounded terminals with circular piercings for attachment. 3 in. (5.28 grams, 78 mm). £400 - 600

100

PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1970-2010. Collection of a late Japanese gentleman.

101

46

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


102

GREEK EPIGRAPHICAL PLAQUE IN GOLD PENDANT 2ND-1ST CENTURY B.C. Greek bronze epigraphical panel set within a later Greek gold frame with filigree decoration and complex gold suspension loop covering the original bronze; obverse with legend 'PΩHCK / [?]KEIM[.] / E [...]' and to the reverse 'EXAPIN / E [...]'. 1¼ in. (18.08 grams, 33 mm). £600 - 800 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1980s-1990s. North London, UK, collection.

103

HELLENISTIC GOLD VESSEL LID 3RD-1ST CENTURY B.C. A sheet-gold vessel lid composed of a lentoid-section handle on slender stem decorated with a flower head design, discoid body with circumferential band of roundels at the base of the neck, concentric bands of diagonal hatching and broad outer band of repoussé fluting; plain band below. 4 in. (23.20 grams, 10 cm). £4,000 - 6,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired between 1980-1990. Property of a London gentleman. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11304-193241.

104

THRACIAN GOLD ADORNMENT SET

102

5TH CENTURY B.C. A suite of sheet-gold jewellery items comprising: a discoid solar-style pendant with repoussé ornament consisting of a central boss in roundel, repeated in miniature around the border, tapering rays between, two suspension loops above; two matching bifacial earrings with bituminous cores, each formed with a central crescent ornamented with pellets and a collar of tear-shaped lobes; a possible diadem of rectangular form decorated with pellets to the perimeter; held in a custom-made, lined presentation box. 1¾ - 8⅞ in. (11⅝ x 10½ in.) (62.33 grams total, 4.3-22.5 cm (1 kg total, 29.5 x 26.5 cm including box)). [4] £2,500 - 3,500 PROVENANCE:

Acquired before the early 1970s. Ex London, UK, gallery. With Bonham's, London, 3 April 2014, lot 81. Property of a London gentleman. Accompanied by a copy of the relevant Bonham's catalogue pages. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11305-191940. LITERATURE:

See Various, Gold of the Thracian Horsemen, Treasures from Bulgaria, Montreal, 1987, fig.228; Williams, D. and Ogden, J., Greek Gold: Jewellery of the Classical World, New York, 1995, for comparable items and discussion;

103

FOOTNOTES:

The pellets ornamenting the diadem of the treasure seems similar to some repoussé dots of pectorals from Thrace, and the general style of the whole ensemble recalls elements of the archaic period, like the rosettes forming the earrings. It is possible that the set was done in the periphery of the Greek world, in Macedonia or Thrace.

104

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

47


105

LARGE GREEK DECORATED BRONZE HYDRIA EARLY 5TH CENTURY B.C. A bronze hydria composed of a tapering body, broad shoulder and waisted neck, the everted rim decorated with egg-and-dart motifs, three round-section handles and tiered, ogival foot. 14 in. (4.7 kg, 39.5 cm). £18,000 - 24,000 PROVENANCE:

Old collection N.A., Niedersachsen, circa 1989-1990. With Gorny & Mosch June 2019, lot 226. Accompanied by a copy of the relevant Gorny & Mosch catalogue pages. Accompanied by an original French cultural passport number 226773 dated 3 June 2021. Accompanied by an academic report by Dr Raffaele D'Amato. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11306-190969.

48

LITERATURE:

Cf. The British Museum, museum number 1875,1110.1, for a similar example dated 350-300 B.C.; cf. The Metropolitan Museum, accession number 06.1078, for similar vessel dated 5th century B.C., from Galaxidi; cf. also Mitten D. G. and Doeringer S.F., Master Bronzes from the Classical World, Mainz, 1967, pp. 108109, no.108, for a similar example in the Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, Massachusetts. FOOTNOTES:

Whilst such vessels were originally produced for holding water, hydriai were often re-purposed. From the 5th century B.C. onwards, they also had a funerary function, used in the cult of the dead and the underworld. Appearing as grave deposits, they were sometimes used as funerary urns, receptacles for the ashes of the deceased (see the MET hydria from Galaxidi, found with the bones still inside). Hydriai were also commonly associated with rituals relating to the cults of the gods, with particular emphasis on Zeus, Hera, Aphrodite, Athena, Apollo, Artemis, Demeter, Persephone, Dionysus, the Nymphs, Adonis and other gods and heroes. They have been found in temples and public buildings and have been recorded as prizes in athletic games. It has also been suggested that the more lavish examples were gifted to brides.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


106

107

106

HELLENISTIC INSCRIBED GILT SILVER WINE CUP 2ND CENTURY B.C. A silver bell-shaped cup or bowl, raised from a single sheet of silver, parcel-gilt, with hatched gilt bands to the inner face, pointillé maker or owner stamp to the outer rim; the interior of the cup decorated with a gilded circular band under the rim, and a central gilded garland composed of alternating leaf and geometric forms, embellished with dots and lines. 6 in. (305 grams, 15 cm diameter). [No Reserve] £1,800 - 2,400 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1950-1960. Private German collection of Mr F. Property of an American collector. Property of a London gallery. LITERATURE:

See Pfrommer, M., Metalwork from the Hellenized East: Catalogue of the Collections of the J. Paul Getty Museum, Malibu, 1993, pp.21ff and 140ff, for general discussion and parallels.

silver with which artisans could produce fine goods like this cup. In Hellenistic times we often find a small ornamental medallion in the centre, framed by tendril friezes or other decorative zones at varying intervals, like in our cup, and, especially if the cup was purchased by a Barbarian leader, the punched mark of the Greek workshop which produced the vessel, with the possible indication of the weight, or the owner's name. The decoration of our cup finds a parallel among Near Eastern silver and suggests the work of an eastern Hellenised workshop. Archaeological findings suggest ritual functions for these cups too. Silver cups have been unearthed in abundance at sanctuaries associated with Diana and Hercules - two figures in classical religion associated with birth, nursing, and rearing children.

107

GREEK SILVER LIBATION BOWL CIRCA 6TH CENTURY B.C. A silver phiale or libation bowl composed of a squat body, broad everted neck and convex, fluted base embellished with engraved scalloping, central shallow omphalos. 7⅝ in. (240 grams, 19.3 cm wide). £800 - 1,000

FOOTNOTES:

PROVENANCE:

During the Hellenistic period, wealthy Greeks, rich Hellenised Asian people and even Central Asian royalty used silver as a sign of wealth more commonly than before. The profits from the mines of Laurium Hills in Attica, discovered in 5th century B.C., enriched several Athenian families and created a greater pool of

Acquired from a gallery in France. Kept in the UK since 1982, thence by descent.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

LITERATURE:

Cf. The Metropolitan Museum, accession number 1980.11.13, for a very similar bowl.

49


108

GREEK COBALT BLUE CORE-FORMED GLASS OINOCHOE 6TH-5TH CENTURY B.C. An opaque glass oinochoe with trefoil mouth, applied D-section handle and splayed foot, applied decorative trails and polychrome geometric bands to the upper body, lip and foot; accompanied by a custom-made display stand. 4¾ in. (5¼ in.) (134 grams, 12 cm high (196 grams total, 13.5 cm including stand)). £15,000 - 20,000

50

PROVENANCE:

Ex Antike Kunst Palladion, Basel. The Cyrus collection, 1970s. With Sotheby’s, New York, 9 December 2003, lot 88. Accompanied by a copy of a French cultural passport no.114310. LITERATURE:

Cf. The Metropolitan Museum, accession numbers 81.10.337 and 17.194.743, for similar. PUBLISHED:

Core Form: The Cyrus Collection of Core Form Glass, New York, 1995, p.19.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


109

GREEK CORE-FORMED GLASS ARYBALLOS 6TH-5TH CENTURY B.C. A core-formed opaque glass aryballos composed of a globular body, trumpet-style neck, scrolled lug handles, rounded base and polychrome trails and zigzagging. 2¼ in. (34.1 grams, 57 mm high). £1,500 - 2,000 PROVENANCE:

Ex private Belgian collection, formed in the 19th century. Belgian art market, 1956. LITERATURE:

Cf. The British Museum, museum number 1860,0201.57, for similar; cf. The Metropolitan Museum, museum number 1972.118.174, for similar.

110

GREEK CORE-FORMED GLASS ARYBALLOS 4TH-3RD CENTURY B.C. A flask-shaped aryballos with lentoid-section body, cylindrical neck and broad rim, decorated with polychrome feathering and yellow applied trails. 3 in. (67.6 grams, 77 mm high). £2,000 - 3,000

109

PROVENANCE:

Ex Maurice Mathieu. Acquired from Asfar, Lebanon, 1960s. Art Auction, Rémy Le Fur & Associés, 10 October 2012, lot 130. Accompanied by a copy of a French cultural passport no.141513. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11308-192129. FOOTNOTES:

Cf. The Metropolitan Museum, accession number 91.1.1348, for comparable.

111 ‡

VERY LARGE HELLENISTIC PALE GREEN GLASS BOWL 3RD-1ST CENTURY B.C. A large inverted bell-shaped bowl with carinated rim and shallow kickup to base, decorated with a medial cluster of wheel-cut bands; patches of pale iridescence. 4⅛ in. x 6¼ in. (252 grams, 12 cm high x 16.3 cm diameter). £6,000 - 8,000 PROVENANCE:

Ex Fortuna Fine Arts Ltd, New York, USA, 2000. Anonymous sale, Christie's, London, 6 October 2011, lot 202. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11309-189909.

110

111

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

51


Roman & Byzantine Lots 112 - 179 Also see lots 628 - 848


112

LATE ROMAN ANTELOPE OF PARADISE MOSAIC 5TH-6TH CENTURY A.D. A mosaic section depicting an antelope, an animal of paradise bounding left; possible second animal to the bottom left, composed of tesserae of various shades of cream, ochre and brown; re-mounted in a cement matrix with iron frame. 55⅛ x 33⅞ in. (96 kg, 140 x 86 cm). £5,000 - 7,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1970s-1996. Property of a North American collector. London collection, 2016. Accompanied by an academic report by Dr Raffaele D'Amato. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11310-192906.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

LITERATURE:

Cf. Mitchell, J., The Butrint Baptistery and its Mosaics, Tirana, 2008, figs.pp.72ff.; Ceka, N., Muçai, S., Byllis, Histoire et Monuments, Tirana, 2009, figs.34, 57b, 59; Belis, A., Roman Mosaics in the J.Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, 2017, figs. 9-19. FOOTNOTES:

This mosaic section most likely came from a panel representing the animals of Paradise, like the ones represented in the Baptistery of Butrint, dated to the 5th-6th century A.D. Stylistic parallels for our antelope can also be found in the mosaics of Byllis: those of the Basilica C (Ceka, N., Muçai, 2009, pp.35ff.) with images of sheep representing the twelve Apostles; those of the exonarthex of the Cathedral, with images of deer, dogs and goats (Ceka, N., Muçai, 2009, pp.55ff.); those of the Basilica D and E, with deer drinking from the rivers of the Paradise.

53


113

LARGE ROMAN FRESCO PANEL WITH BIRDS 1ST CENTURY B.C.-1ST CENTURY A.D. A sub-rectangular polychrome fresco panel section decorated with two birds perched amidst plants, facing each other across a flowering plant, the scene framed by concentric ochre and cream line borders, the panel with a gently chamfered upper edge bearing a stylised architectural frieze composed of segmented parallel tracks, each with a central pellet, possibly in imitation of egg-and-dart decoration. 29½ x 17 in. (33¼ x 21¼ in.) (12.85 kg, 75 x 43 cm (mounting: 84.5 x 54 cm)). £12,000 - 17,000 PROVENANCE:

Private collection, acquired in the 1970-1980s; thence by descent. Private collection, since 1998. Accompanied by an academic report by Dr. Raffaele D'Amato. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11311-189859.

54

LITERATURE:

Cf. Gullini, G., La pittura romana, Torino, 1969, pp.72ff.; Gullini, G., Problemi di pittura romana, Torino, 1972, pp.60ff.; Andreae, B., Cangik, H., De Martino, F., Grilli, A., Gullini, G., Princeps Urbium, cultura e vita sociale nell’Italia Romana, Milano, 1991, fig.124; Roberts, P., Life and death in Pompeii and Herculaneum, The British Museum, London, 2013, p.59; pp.146-147; pp.174-177, for comparable frescoes. FOOTNOTES:

This style of fresco developed between 80 and 20 B.C., and used views created with landscapes framed by arcades or windows; this technique depicted glimpses of gardens with plants and animals and showed great attention to detail. The main parallel is the painting from the Villa of Livia, the earliest known example of a painting genre that appeared in Rome in the last decades of the 1st century B.C. Here, the artist has shown great skill in creating the illusion of perspective depth. The fact that this decorative theme can also be found in the Casa del Frutteto in Pompeii shows us that it was not an isolated invention of a certain painter, but a repertoire available to decorators at the end of the 1st century B.C. Our fragment is probably from a wall fresco, possibly positioned in a garden or courtyard, although may also have decorated an internal room.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


114

ROMAN INKED WOODEN TABLET ABOUT THE SALE OF TWO FIELDS BY JULIUS CLEMENTIANUS 3RD-4TH CENTURY A.D. One tablet with fifteen lines cursive script of a copy (lat. exemplum) of a contract regarding the sale of two fields, originally consisting of two or three tablets, in a strongly formalised legal language; the sale of two fields by Julius Clementianus is attested, between typical legal formulae the borders of the two fields are mentioned, of which one is called ager Rogatiani, the field of (a person called) Rogatianus. 'There are five fig trees and four Cirramonaceae(?) on it'; four lines to the verso. 4½ x 3¾ in. (13.5 grams, 11.5 x 9.7 cm). £1,800 - 2,400 PROVENANCE:

Acquired by Albert Sfez in the early 1950s. Property of Monsieur Alain Sfez, a Belgian collector, received by gift from his father Albert Sfez in 1965. Acquired by a London dealer 1973. From an important London collection since 1975. LITERATURE:

For examples of wooden tabulae used as writing surfaces, see Thomas, J. D., Vindolanda: The Latin Writing Tablets, Britannia Monograph Series No 4, London, 1983; for examples of testamentary documents on wooden tablets that have survived, see FIRA III, p.47, for Anthony Silvanus from 142 AD and see BGU VII, 1695, for Safinnius Herminus; for another from Transfynydd, North Wales, see Arch. Camb. 150, pp.143-156.

114

PUBLISHED:

Rothenhoefer, P., Neue römische Rechtsdokumente aus dem Byzacena-Archiv / New Roman Legal Documents from the Byzacena Archive, (forthcoming). FOOTNOTES:

Wooden tablets were used as administrative documents (contracts, testament, etc.) by civil and military clerks, or simply for correspondence. The contract followed standard Roman legal formulae.

115

ROMAN 'CHANCERY LANE' TERRACOTTA OIL LAMP 1ST CENTURY A.D. A terracotta oil lamp composed of a circular discus, tapering sidewalls, volute nozzle embellished with scrolls, moulded acanthus leaves to the discus with central filling hole; 'Clodivs / fecit' written into the base when wet. 4⅜ in. (85 grams, 11.1 cm wide). £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

Found Chancery Lane, London, UK, in 1865. From a 19th century collection and latterly in a London collection. Accompanied by a small original handwritten card: 'Under the new building in Chancery Lane AD 1865'.

115

LITERATURE:

See Bussière, J., Lindros Wohl, B., Ancient Lamps in the J. Paul Getty Museum, Malibu, 2017, p.75, no.94, for the type. FOOTNOTES:

The lamp belongs to the Loeschcke type IB nozzle form (Bailey type A group III), variant C (Bussière, Lindros Wohl, 2017, fig.1) and it is with all probability of the Augustean-Tiberian period, mainly produced in North Africa, by the workshop of a certain Clodius. These kind of lamps were mould made in a plaster mould.

116

ROMAN 'COLCHESTER' TERRACOTTA OIL LAMP LATE 2ND CENTURY A.D. A terracotta oil lamp composed of a circular discus with tapering sidewall, D-shaped nozzle with sub-circular filling hole, series of raised roundels to discus, pellets within arcading to the shoulder. 4⅛ in. (74 grams, 10.5 cm wide). £300 - 400 PROVENANCE:

Found Colchester, Essex, UK, in the 1800s. From a 19th century collection and latterly in a London collection. Accompanied by a small original handwritten card: 'Found in second bra-(?) at Colchester'. LITERATURE:

116

See Bussière, J., Lindros Wohl, B., Ancient Lamps in the J. Paul Getty Museum, Malibu, 2017, p.258, no.368, for the type.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

55


117

ROMAN 'ROME' TERRACOTTA OIL LAMP 2ND CENTURY B.C.-1ST CENTURY A.D.

circumstances of excavation and family descent. Accompanied by an archaeological report by Dr. Raffaele D'Amato. Accompanied by a positive thermoluminescence analysis report, sample no.N122e55 from Oxford Authentication. LITERATURE:

A terracotta oil lamp formed as a male bust with stern expression, the handle formed with a foliage crest, oval nozzle; circular filling hole to the crown of the head. 4½ in. (53 grams, 11.3 cm wide). £500 - 700

Cf. a similar vessel at the Michael C. Carlos Museum, Atlanta, inv.no.1996.010.002; cf. Gabler, D. and Marton, A., 'Head-Pots in the Antiquities Collection' in Bulletin du Musee Hongrois des Beaux-Arts, 2008/108-109, pp.4364, figs.4-5.

PROVENANCE:

EXHIBITED:

Found Rome, Italy, before 1859. From a 19th century collection and latterly in a London collection. Accompanied by a small original handwritten card: 'Lico. Brought Rome by AFB. 1858.'

Knightcott House, Banwell, Somerset, circa 1918-1943. FOOTNOTES:

'Plastic' lamps with figurines first appear in the Hellenistic period, possibly originating in Athens. Found in all parts of the Mediterranean basin, they were particularly popular during the 1st and 2nd centuries A.D. Some of them, depicting satyrs or Silenus, have handles shaped like palm leaves. This raised forehead was part of a vertical bar making it a so-called boot-shaped lamp.

Satyrs, who expressed the pleasures of Bacchus-Dionysus, are relatively common on ancient head-pots. The Dionysiac mysteries expressed the initiate's hopes for a new life after death, and the oinophoroi (wine-bearers) were part of his everyday life, used for pouring or drinking vessels at symposia, or for washing. The typology appeared in North-Africa from the first half of the 3rd century A.D., and several pieces carried the signatures of their makers. The most famous is Navigius, well known for his biconical jugs and cylindrical potteries, alongside whom we have the officinae of Septus, Tabinas, Olitrensis, Ianuarius and Saturninus. This model represents a simpler type compared with the more detailed 3rd century examples, and could be attributed to a slightly later age.

118

120

LITERATURE:

See Djuric, S., Ancient Lamps from Mediterranean, Toronto, 1995, no.NA-76, for the type. FOOTNOTES:

ROMAN TERRACOTTA JUG OF A DRUNKEN WOMAN MID 3RD CENTURY A.D. A moulded terracotta jug formed as a seated, possibly drunken elderly woman; short neck and handle with deep decorative ridges, stylised detailing to the face and hair tied in a bun, wine-jug (lagynos) gripped in her arms and between her knees, detailing to folds of garments; her pierced ears were likely once adorned with earrings. 6¾ in. (346 grams, 17 cm high). £2,500 - 3,500 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1980s. Ex B Lee North collection. Accompanied by a positive thermoluminescence analysis report, sample no.N122e54 from Oxford Authentication. Accompanied by an academic report by Dr. Raffaele D'Amato. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11312-188595. LITERATURE:

Cf. Australian National University Classics Museum Catalogue, acquisition number 1987.04, for very similar; cf. Salomonson, J.W., ’Der Trunkenbold und die Trunkene Alte. Untersuchungen zur Herkunft, Bedeutung und Wanderung einiger plastischer Gefässtypen der römischen Kaiserzeit,’ in Bulletin Antieke Beschaving, 55, 1980, pp.65-135 and ‘Die trunkene Alte: eine afrikanischer Gefässtypus der mittleren Kaiserzeit. Überblick und allgemeine Bewertung des Materials,’ in Actes du colloque sur la céramique antique, Carthage 1980, Carthage, 1982, pp.197-212; cf. Yacoub, M., Le Musée du Bardo, (Tunis 1993) 275 fig.170, inv. I 115; cf. Hayes, J.W., Ancient Lamps in the Royal Ontario Museum I, (1980) 142, no.563, pl.57; Carandini, A., ‘Melanges d’Archéologie et d'Histoire’ in Ecole Française de Rome, 82, 1970, pp.781-3; Quevedo, A., ‘La vieja borracha : una nueva pieza minorasiática de época medioimperial en Cartagena,’ in Ex Officina Hispana, 2, 2010, pp.45-50, fig.3.

ROMAN RED SLIP WARE AMPHORISKOS WITH HERCULES AND PAN NORTH AFRICA, CIRCA 3RD CENTURY A.D. A globular red slip ware amphoriskos or bottle with tapering neck, everted rim, two D-section ear-handles and splayed podium foot, decorated with two appliqué fronds arranged vertically either side of each handle and animals and figures between them; one face showing a nude and muscular figure of Hercules holding a billowing cloak, a lion leaping on a wild boar above; the other face showing the god Pan or a satyr, a hare bounding left above. 6 in. (149 grams, 15 cm high). £1,800 - 2,400 PROVENANCE:

The Cyrus collection. Property of Fay Safani, New York, USA. Acquired by Edward Safani in the 1980s. With Bonham's, Knightsbridge, London, 23 October 2012, lot 148. Accompanied by a copy of the relevant Bonham's catalogue pages. LITERATURE:

Cf. The British Museum, museum number 1997,0402.3, for similar; Charleston, R.J., Roman Pottery, London, 1955, pp. 21-23, pl. 23B. FOOTNOTES:

African red slip was the final development of terra sigillata. It was characterised by a thick orange-red slip over granular fabric, and decorated either plainly with simple grooves or, as visible here, more elaborately with either applique reliefs or stamped motifs of palm leaves, animals, humans, or mythological scenes.

121

ROMAN DECORATED REDWARE BOWL 4TH-5TH CENTURY A.D.

FOOTNOTES:

The motif of an old drunken woman corresponds to a well known Hellenistic repertoire. These jugs were produced in Africa and were widespread within the Empire. Recent analysis carried out on a North African bottle of the drink ‘anus’, found in an exceptional state of preservation in Valencia, concluded that the vessel contained a resin from the Pinocea family intended to waterproof the vessel, which probably contained vegetable oil.

A redware ceramic bowl with stepped rim, impressed stylised bunches of grapes and concentric circles within a roundel to interior base; probably from North Africa. 12¼ in. (1.09 kg, 31 cm wide). £300 - 400 PROVENANCE:

119

Acquired 1990s. Collection of T. Greer, Oxford, Oxfordshire, UK.

ROMAN NORTH AFRICA OINOPHOROS REDWARE WINE JUG WITH A SATYR

122

4TH-6TH CENTURY A.D. An unusual short-necked jug in the shape of a satyr head with pointed ears, short fringe, closed mouth, wide oval eyes, hooked nose, base smooth and flat; two-handled amphora on top of the head, decorative vulva motifs arranged in a single row to the back of the head. 8 in. (1.03 kg, 20.5 cm). [No Reserve] £800 - 1,000 PROVENANCE:

Excavated by Ashmead Pruen, Egypt, circa 1836. Pruen family collection, Somerset, UK. Property of Richard Pruen by direct descent. Accompanied by a handwritten letter from Richard Pruen explaining the

ROMAN 'COHORT' TILE WITH STAMP 1ST-EARLY 4TH CENTURY A.D. A large, square-shaped ceramic tile stamped to one face with a rosette bearing an inscription, likely identifying a cohort, people and location, 'COH IIII ????' in raised letters arranged in a roughly circular shape around the perimeter. 10 x 9⅞ in. (4.2 kg, 25.5 x 25 cm). [No Reserve] £300 - 400 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1980s-1990s. Collection of M. Cummings, Lincolnshire, UK. FOOTNOTES:

Possibly a hypocaust tile.

56

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


117

118

119

120

121

122

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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123

MONUMENTAL LATE ROMAN MARBLE MILITARY EAGLE CIRCA LATE 3RD-4TH CENTURY A.D. OR LATER A colossal eagle statue or pillar cap carved in the round in white marble, gripping a round-section perch on a rectangular plinth base with concave sidewalls, the eagle modelled standing facing with head turned slightly left, wings closed, stylised detailing to the bird's massive talons, feathers and hooked beak. 42½ in. (100 kg, 1.08 m). £30,000 - 40,000 PROVENANCE:

Ex private European collection, acquire by the current owner in 1997. Accompanied by an academic report by Dr. Raffaele D'Amato. Accompanied by scholarly note TL05438 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11313-189915.

58

LITERATURE:

Cf. Bell, G.L., Amurath to Amurath, London, 1911, fig.3, p.10; Mendel, G., Catalogue des sculptures grecques, romaines et byzantines, Constantinople, 1914, nos.1135 (1949), vol.III, p.369, for similar sculptures of colossal eagles; Demir, O., La Cappadocia, culla della Storia, (The Cappadoce, cradle of History), Ankara, 1985, p.14, for a similar colossal eagle statue in marble at the Kayseri Museum. FOOTNOTES:

These colossal statues of eagles, typical of the Tetrarchic Period, warned the enemies of the power of Rome and symbolised the presence of the emperor and military power in front of the Empire’s citizens, especially in the most problematic provinces, like Egypt, Syria and Mesopotamia, which were exposed to the influence and to the attacks of the rival Sassanian Empire or to the predatory raids of Nomadic tribes. They were also cult statues in front of which incense was burned in honour of the emperor.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


124

125

124

125

ROMAN LIMESTONE HEAD OF A MAN

ROMAN NAKED FIGURE OF FAUN

4TH-5TH CENTURY A.D.

1ST CENTURY B.C.-1ST CENTURY A.D.

A life-size limestone head of a man characterised by an elongated oval face and hieratic features, slender brows over almond-shaped eyes, slender nose with broad nostrils, slender lips, textured hair drawn back from the face, flat backed; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 13⅝ in. (5 kg total, 34.5 cm high including stand). £1,000 - 1,400

A bronze statue of the god Faun or a satyr, modelled in the round standing on a rectangular plinth base, his legs positioned to take the weight of the load he is bearing in his outstretched arms and hands, with stylised facial features framed by textured hair and sporting a muscular torso, detailing to his genital area, fingers and toes, short tail above his buttocks; provincial workmanship. 7⅛ in. (762 grams, 18 cm high including stand). £10,000 - 14,000

PROVENANCE:

With Me Conan Auction, Lyon, 12 February 1974, lot 98. Ex Mr Lelon's estate. With HVMC Vide ses entrepots, Hôtel des Ventes de Monte-Carlo, 12 May 2021, lot 106. Accompanied by an original French cultural passport no.224623. LITERATURE:

Cf. Daim, F., Ladstatter, S., Bisans Doneminde Ephesos (Ephesus in the Byzantine Period, in Turkish) Istanbul, 2011, pp.163ff, figs.17-24; cf. also the portrait of Empress Aelia Flaccilla in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, accession no.47.100.51. FOOTNOTES:

After the breakdown of sculptural production in the period of military anarchy, donations of honorary statues were again common from the period of the Tetrarchs and onwards. Display of portrait statuary in late Antiquity was concentrated in the streets of the cities, like in Ephesus, where similar statues, dated to the 5th or 6th centuries A.D., were found in the streets and public buildings. They mainly represented imperial magistrates, or members of the Imperial family, whose portrait was carved ex novo, and the bodies were often reused old statues.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

PROVENANCE:

Acquired between 1980-1990. Property of a London gentleman. Accompanied by an academic report by Dr. Raffaele D'Amato. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11314-193237. LITERATURE:

Cf. Donovan, M., ‘House of the Faun, Pompeii,’ in Agni, no.76 (2012), pp.26-33; Guzzo, G., Storie da una eruzione, Pompei, Ercolano, Oplontis, Milano, 2003. FOOTNOTES:

Bronze statuettes of satyrs and fauns engaged in drinking, dancing and playing with nymphs are abundant in the Roman art (Guzzo, 2003, p.118). Often in an ithyphallic state, the satyrs painted on pottery dance or are represented as statuettes performing acrobatics, engaging in wild antics, and pursuing animals, maenads, or nymphs with sexual intent. Satyrs occasionally appear clothed and otherwise obedient to social conventions, but more often they are naked. The original function of Faun's posture here was to hold a dish for nibbles at a banquet or other occasion, or maybe a vessel for the vine, considering their love for wine and their linking with the Dionysian environment. The position gives the creature a powerful presence in three-dimensional space.

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126

126

127

ROMAN STATUETTE OF MERCURY 1ST CENTURY B.C.-2ND CENTURY A.D. A youthful and muscular bronze statuette of the god Mercury (Greek Hermes) standing nude with his weight resting on his right leg, left leg slightly bent and the heel raised; his hair dressed in short curls, wearing the wings from petasos, naturalistic anatomical detailing to his torso, calf muscles and face; mounted on a custom-made display base. 5⅝ in. (322 grams total, 14.5 cm high including stand). £3,000 - 4,000 PROVENANCE:

Found 1920-1930. French family collection, Seine et Marne since the 1920s. Property of a French collector. Accompanied by an original French passport number 162088 dated 6 February 2015. Accompanied by an academic report by Dr Raffaele D'Amato. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11315-190955. LITERATURE:

Cf. Reinach, S., Repertoire de la statuarie grecque et romaine, Paris, 1930, p.151, no.10, for the type; Rolland, H., Bronzes Antiques de Haute Provence, Paris, 1965, items 27ff., for comparable examples; Menzel, H., Die Römischen Bronzen aus Deutschland I Speyer, Mainz, 1960, no.8; cf. The Metropolitan Museum, accession numbers 20.190 and 06.1057, for similar.

60

FOOTNOTES:

Mercury was the god of trade and industry, whose principle shrine in the city of Rome was at the Circus Maximus. Originally he was one of the gods of riches and profit and it was not until he was equated with the Greek Hermes that he became the god of tradesmen and merchants. He was also the god of thieves and was associated with healing mainly in Gaul where he had a number of important temples connected to sacred springs. The piece is realised in a good classic style, due to the features of the face and the workmanship of the hair, as well as the beautiful body proportions, and can be dated to the early imperial period.

127

ROMAN STATUETTE OF FORTUNA 2ND-3RD CENTURY A.D. A bronze statuette of the goddess Fortuna (Greek Tyche) modelled in the round, standing with both arms outstretched, an overflowing cornucopia held in her left hand and the remains of an anchor gripped in her right, wearing a floor-length chiton and diadem, remains of silver inlay to the eyes; hollow-formed; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 4⅛ in. (5⅛ in.) (155 grams, 10.4 cm high (300 grams total, 13 cm including stand)). £2,000 - 3,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1960s-1990s. Late Alison Barker collection, a retired London barrister. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11316-192103.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


129

128

130

128

130

ROMAN STATUETTE OF DIONYSUS

GALLO-ROMAN MERCURY STATUETTE

2ND-3RD CENTURY A.D.

1ST-3RD CENTURY A.D.

A bronze statuette modelled in the round as the god Dionysus standing nude looking right, his weight placed on his right leg, facial features, muscular torso and genitals rendered in a semi-naturalistic fashion, the god holding a drinking horn in his right hand, his left hand gesturing towards the vessel; accompanied by a custom-made display stand. 4½ in. (276 grams total, 11.4cm including stand). £4,000 - 6,000

A bronze votive figure of Mercury modelled standing nude with stylised anatomical detailing, stylised wings on the head, right hand shrouded beneath a flattened area with horizontal grooves holding the purse, the other clenched into a fist. 2¼ in. (43 grams, 59 mm). £1,000 - 1,400

PROVENANCE:

Ex private European collection. Private collection, acquired 2001. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11317-189889.

129

ROMAN STATUETTE OF ATTIS 1ST-2ND CENTURY A.D.

PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1970s. Ex UK collection. Property of a Portsmouth, UK gentleman. LITERATURE:

See Rolland, H., Bronzes Antiques de Haute Provence, Paris, 1965, item 90; Boucher, S., Recherches sur les bronzes figures de Gaule pre-romaine et romaine, 1976, pl.35, no.163, for comparable examples. FOOTNOTES:

Likely an ex-voto figure representing Mercury (Greek Hermes) holding a purse, clearly offered by someone to ask or give thanks for successful vows.

A bronze figure of Attis standing wearing the distinctive Phrygian cap, advancing wearing a flounced tunic and cloak, holding a falx in the left hand; right arm absent; mounted on a custom-made stand. 3⅜ in. (3¾ in.) (117 grams total, 87 mm (97 mm high including stand)). £1,000 - 1,400 PROVENANCE:

German art market, 1990s. Mr A.H., a North American collector living in the UK.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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131

ROMAN BUST OF GOD BACCHUS 2ND-3RD CENTURY A.D. A substantial hollow-formed ornament depicting the bust of Bacchus (Greek Dionysus) with clean-shaven face, wearing a wreath of ivy leaves, bunches of grapes in his hair, draped deer skin tied in a knot on his right shoulder, hooves hanging down; rectangular opening in base, circular opening in crown for fixture possibly to a chariot; accompanied by a custom-made display stand. 4 in. (4¾ in.) (323 grams, 99mm (356 grams total, 12 cm including stand)). [No Reserve] £1,200 - 1,700 PROVENANCE:

Private collection since the 1970s. Property of an Austrian gentleman. Accompanied by an archaeological report by Dr. Raffaele D'Amato. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10417-171002. LITERATURE:

131

See Boucher, S., Inventaire des Collections Publiques Françaises - 17 Vienne: Bronzes Antiques, Paris, 1971; Ratkovi , D., 'Wagon and Harness Bronzes from the Roman Collection of the National Museum in Belgrade' in Thiasos, Festschrift fur Erwin Pochmarski zum 65. Geburtstag, Wien, 2008, pp.793-815, figs.3-7-8, for similar items; compare also with decorated chariot fittings in Menzel, H., Die römischen Bronzen aus Deutschland III, Mainz am Rhein, 1986, pp.164-177, nn.458-485, especially pls.142-144, for those with the bust of gods; for another possible bust of Bacchus decoration of chariot see Humer, F., Kremer, G., Pollhammer, E., Pülz A., AD 313 Von Carnuntum zum Christentum, Bad Voslau, 2014, n.84.

132

ROMAN BUST OF A GODDESS CIRCA 1ST-3RD CENTURY A.D. A bronze bust of a young lady, representing a person of importance, possibly an empress or a goddess (Juno or Flora); her head tilted slightly to the left, hair made up in an elaborate coiffure, dressed in robes falling from her shoulders to a V-shape neckline; hollow reverse for attachment; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 3⅛ in. (4 in.) (142 grams, 80 mm (174 grams total, 10.2 cm including stand)). £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

UK collection started in the early 2000s. Ex London, UK, gallery. LITERATURE:

See Rolland, H., Bronzes Antiques de Haute Provence, Paris, 1965, item 475, for comparable example; cf. Cavalieri, M., 'Ipotesi sulla produzione bronzea dell’Emilia occidentale in età romana' in Santoro, S., Artigianato e produzione nella Cisalpina. Parte I. Proposte di metodo e prime applicazioni, Firenze, 2004, pp.173-198, fig.4.

132

133 ‡

ROMANO-ETRUSCAN FIGURE 3RD-2ND CENTURY B.C. A figure from a tripod or candlestick, modelled in the half-round with a rectangular-section body decorated with shallow engraved wavy vines, the base formed as human feet closed in Etruscan boots, splayed for balance, acanthus leaf collar above the ankles; the upper body formed as a stylised male bust, nude save for a sash worn diagonally across the torso, one hand holding a sheep liver in front of the body, the other at the side of his head holding a stick, voluminous curly hair; hollow reverse; accompanied by a custom-made display stand. 11 in. (542 grams total, 28cm including stand). £2,000 - 3,000 PROVENANCE:

From the collection of an explorer-navigator from the beginning of the 20th century. Acquired on the Swiss art market, circa 2008. Private collection. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11318-189891. LITERATURE:

Cf. Torelli, M., Gli Etruschi, Monza, 2000, p.180, 591, for a statuette and a relief of an Augur with lituus; p.594, for a bronze model of sheep liver; p.612, for models of bronze candlesticks with human figures.

133

62

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


134

134

135

ROMAN VICTORIOUS EAGLE ON BULL MOUNT 2ND-3RD CENTURY A.D.

135

LARGE ROMAN CHARIOT FITTING WITH EAGLE PROTOME AND SWANS 2ND-4TH CENTURY A.D.

A bronze mount depicting an eagle with wings partially spread, holding a victory wreath in its beak, standing on the head of a horned bull, gripping its forelock with large talons, stylised anatomical detailing to both animals including textured feathers and coat; piriform hole to the rear of the bull's head, remains of a square-section rivet to the centre of the eagle's back, suggesting use as a fitting or attachment; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 5⅝ in. (6½ in.) (275 grams, 14.4 cm (420 grams total, 16.5 cm including stand)). £6,000 - 8,000

A substantial copper-alloy chariot rein-guide composed of a gently tapering octagonal body, the upper part formed as an eagle's head with semi-naturalistic hooked beak, eye and feather detailing, collar at the base of neck incised with chevrons, two upward-curving tapering round-section arms terminating with stylised swan's heads with eye detailing, the front facet of the body incised with a vine motif; circular piercing to reverse. 7¼ in. (1.23 kg, 18.5 cm wide). £4,000 - 6,000

PROVENANCE:

PROVENANCE:

Ex private European collection. Acquired in Switzerland in 1999. Accompanied by an academic report by Dr. Raffaele D'Amato. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11319-189846.

Ex private collection, acquired 1970-1980s; thence by descent. Private collection, since 1998. With Bonhams, London, 12 December 1996, lot 363. Accompanied by an academic report by Dr. Raffaele D’Amato. Accompanied by copies of the relevant Bonham's catalogue pages. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11320-189892.

LITERATURE:

Cf. Speidel, M.P., 'Eagle-bearer and trumpeter' in Bonner Jahrbucher, 176, 1976, pp.123-163; Green, M., The Gods of the Celts, Gloucester, 1986, p.169; Durham, E., ‘Symbols of Power: the Silchester Bronze Eagle and Eagles in Roman Britannia’ in Archaelogical Journal, 170, January 2013, pp.78-105. FOOTNOTES:

To the Romans, the eagle symbolised the god Jupiter and the Empire, serving as a powerful motif for legionaries and the military. The victorious eagle (with a laurel crown in the beak) was a symbol of invincible Roman power: the eagle accompanying Jupiter or an emperor was the eagle on the Legionary standard (aquila). The juxtaposition of eagle and bull could have a cultic significance, especially in the Celto-Roman provinces. The bull's head motif was known as bucranium, and it was very popular throughout the ancient world, celebrating the ritual religious practice of sacrificing bulls as well as the symbolism of the bull as a virile, powerful animal.

LITERATURE:

Cf. Boube-Piccot, C., Les bronzes antiques de Maroc, III, Les chars et l’attelage, Rabata, 1980, p.199, no.333, from Banasa; cf. Wenedikov, I., ‘Le mors thrace’ in BIbulg., XXI, Sofia, 1957, pp.153-201, pl.97, and Gudea, N., Porolissum. Un complex arheologic daco-roman la marginea de nord a Imperiului roman. II. Vama romana (monografie arheologica). Contributii la cunoasterea sistemului vamal din provinciile dacice, Cluj-Napoca, 1996, fig.31, for the reconstructive system; a similar sheath have been found with the chariot of Nicomedia, and other similar with the opened lateral rings showing serpents (often cobras) have been found in Thrace: three with the chariot from the tumulus of DoukhowaMoghila, four with the cart of Ljubimec (Wenedikov, 1957, pl.55A, fig.190-192; p.40, no.150, pl.30, fig.107), four with the cart from Svilengrad; a single isolated find has been discovered in the Burgos region. FOOTNOTES:

The chariot which this fitting once adorned would not have been used in war, but in circuses and triumphal processions. Consequently, elaborate finials such as this one became de rigueur, conferring a unique look on each chariot, where they were mounted on posts above each wheel. The eagle was an important symbol in Rome and was sacred to Jupiter, the supreme god of the Roman pantheon who was the protector of the empire. The swans may reference the story of Leda, which although Greek in origin, enjoyed great popularity in Roman society.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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136 ‡

ROMAN HANGING OIL LAMP 3RD-5TH CENTURY A.D. A bronze hanging oil lamp with three attachment loops for suspension, later added ring handle to rear, D-shaped nozzle, circular discus with dished centre; circular filling hole at the centre; three chain links attached to suspension loops joined to a central ring and one longer suspension chain attached to a hook. 13⅜ in. (257 grams, 34 cm high). [No Reserve] £800 - 1,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired from a German auction house, 1990-2005. Ex G.Grimm collection, Paris, France. With Aguttes auction, Drouot, Paris, 18 December 2018. Property of a French collector. LITERATURE:

136

Cf. The Metropolitan Museum, accession number 62.10.2, for a similar lamp hook dated 5th century; for similar examples dated to Imperial Period see Bailey, D.M., A catalogue of the lamps in the British Museum, IV, Lamps of metal and stone, and lampstands, London, 1996, no.3839; for similar lamps see no.3789. FOOTNOTES:

The typology belongs to that of Late Roman lamps with circular bodies and short nozzles. They were a development from the long-lived category of Loeschche VIII types, with a tendency to elongation. Most of these lamps were manufactured in the Eastern Roman Empire.

137

ROMAN DRINKING CUP WITH SILENI HEADS 1ST-3RD CENTURY A.D. A bronze cup with a gently carinated bowl, mounts formed as the busts of Silenus with mature, bearded faces, traces of silver inlay to the eyes of one, rounded base. 6⅛ in. (280 grams, 15.6 cm wide). £800 - 1,000 PROVENANCE:

German art market, 1990s. Mr A.H., a North American collector living in the UK.

138

137

ROMAN LIDDED TEMPLE PYXIS WITH NAMES 1ST-2ND CENTURY A.D. A copper-alloy pyxis of architectural form, a column to each corner, and a bull's head to two of the sides; one side with a male head and the opposite side with a female head; the busts with rectangular recessed plaques below containing inscribed names: 'IVLIVS' and 'LVCIA'; domed lid with corded ribs rising from each corner towards the apex, bulbous finial, knop to each corner. 2⅛ in. (70.6 grams, 53 mm high). £800 - 1,000 PROVENANCE:

German art market, 1990s. Mr A.H., a North American collector living in the UK. LITERATURE:

See Rolland, H., Bronzes Antiques de Haute Provence, Paris, 1965, items 384, 385, for similar miniature altars, without lid. FOOTNOTES:

This pyxis is most likely to have been an ink-pot or a cosmetic box. The fine manufacture, the precision of the details and the presence of male and female names indicate that it was probably intended as a marriage gift. The man was probably an army officer, considering that he is wearing armour and a corona civica, as military decoration.

138

64

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


139

140

141

139 ‡

141

ROMAN MIRROR WITH CASE

ROMAN AND OTHER 'HATTATT' BROOCH COLLECTION

1ST-EARLY 5TH CENTURY A.D.

3RD CENTURY B.C.-5TH CENTURY A.D.

A discoid tinned bronze mirror with decorative groove around the perimeter, accompanied by a discoid case with slightly splayed edge, decorative engraved concentric circles to the upper face of the case; mirror trapped within case. 4⅛ in. (177 grams, 10.5 cm wide). £2,000 - 3,000

A mixed group of bronze (mainly Roman) brooches from the personal collection of Richard Hattatt, each mounted on a display block with descriptive text; the following types are present in the collection in chronological order: La Tène I type from Spain; British penannular type from Oxford; British trumpet type with silver inlay from Peterborough; Roman rosette type from Colchester; Roman Hod Hill type from Norwich; Roman kraftig profilierte type from Wroxeter; Roman Colchester type from Lakenheath; Roman dolphin type (findspot unknown); Roman T-shaped type from Lechlade; Roman bird-in-flight type from Oxford; Roman head stud type from Doncaster; Roman enamelled disc type with central stud from Thetford; Roman enamelled disc brooch from Wiltshire; Roman crossbow type with gilding (no findspot); Roman plate type with glass boss (findspot unknown); Roman knee brooch from Belton; all featured in Hattatt's catalogues. ¾ - 3 in. (1 kg total, brooches: 20-78 mm). [16] £1,200 - 1,700

PROVENANCE:

Ex Louis-Gabriel Bellon (1819?-1899), France. Acquired on the French art market in 2009. Private collection. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.113-21-189895. LITERATURE:

Cf. The British Museum, museum number 1924,1213.42, for a comparable Romano-British example.

140 ‡

ROMAN MIRROR WITH CASE 3RD CENTURY A.D. OR EARLIER A discoid bronze mirror case and its mirror wedged inside, each with tinned surfaces. 2⅛ in. (47.5 grams, 55 mm). £1,200 - 1,700 PROVENANCE:

Ex Louis-Gabriel Bellon (1819?-1899), France. Private collection, acquired on the French art market in 2009.

PROVENANCE:

Ex Richard Hattatt (d.1992) collection (featured in his book). With Christie's, London, 7 July 1993, lot 72 (part). With Bernard Quaritch, London W1. Ex Martin Schoyen collection. Accompanied by a copy of the Christie's invoice. Accompanied by copies of the relevant Christie's catalogue pages. PUBLISHED:

All 16 brooches published in Hattatt's books.

LITERATURE:

Cf. The British Museum, museum numbers 1896,0201.323 and 1894,1101.597598, for comparable elements.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

65


142

ROMAN ENAMELLED SEAL BOX COLLECTION 2ND-3RD CENTURY A.D. A group of three enamelled seal boxes comprising: a square-shaped box with articulate hinge, four circular holes to reverse, piercing to hinge lug, red and blue enamelled stylised floral motif to the upper face; a piriform box with circular knop, three circular holes to reverse, blue and white enamelled motif to upper face; a discoid seal box with large circular knop, decorative notching to upper edge, concentric cells populated with alternating colours of enamelling, wheel motif to outer ring, the body with tapering sides and large ovoid hole to reverse. 1 - 1¼ in. (21.5 grams total, 24-32 mm). [3] £500 - 700 PROVENANCE:

142

Believed ex Hattatt collection. Acquired circa 1990. Important North West London collection. LITERATURE:

Cf. Beutler, F. et al., Der Adler Roms. Carnuntum und der Armee der Cäsaren, Bad-Deutsch Altenberg, 2017, items 617-624, for type. FOOTNOTES:

Seal boxes were small hinged boxes, mostly made of bronze. They consisted of a lid, often decorated with enamel inlays, and a perforated recess to accommodate the seal.

143

LARGE ROMAN ENAMELLED PLATE BROOCH 2ND CENTURY A.D.

143

A circular plate brooch with decorative notching to the outer edge and pin lugs, pin and catchplate to reverse; decorated with raised concentric borders and central spool-shaped stud, remains of solid red enamelling alternating with red and 'white' millefiori enamelled panels. 1½ in. (12.9 grams, 38 mm). £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

Believed ex Hattatt collection. Acquired circa 1990. Important North West London collection. LITERATURE:

Cf. Hattatt, R., A Visual Catalogue of Richard Hattatt's Ancient Brooches, Oxford, 2000, p.344, item 1038, for similar type.

144

ROMAN WOLF AND TWINS GEMSTONE IN IRON RING BEZEL 1ST-2ND CENTURY A.D. An exceptional carnelian intaglio of the lupa suckling the twins Romulus and Remus, set in an iron military ring. 1 in. (5.55 grams, 26 mm). £700 - 900 144

PROVENANCE:

From a deceased gentleman's collection, Scotland, UK. LITERATURE:

Cf. Ruseva-Slokoska, L., Roman Jewellery, Sofia, 1991, item 274, for type.

145

ROMAN GEMSTONE WITH GOD BEING CROWNED BY VICTORY 2ND-3RD CENTURY A.D. A bifacial oval-shaped carnelian gemstone with bevelled edge, the obverse engraved with a scene composed of multiple figures standing on a ground line, crescent moon between two stars above, from left possibly the god Helios or Serapis being crowned by Victory, the central standing figure of Isis holding a cornucopia, fronted by an eagle holding a wreath in its beak, crowned by another winged Victory; partial inscription below; reverse bearing five lines of later inscribed text, in Greek and Latin letters. ¾ in. (2.11 grams, 20 mm). £800 - 1,000 145

PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1970-1999. Property of a late London Mayfair gentleman, by descent. LITERATURE:

Cf. Campbell, B., 'A Miscellany of Engraved Stones' in Hesperia, 1954, volume 23, pp.138-157, fig.31.

66

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


146

ROMAN GNOSTIC MAGICAL GEMSTONE WITH GODDESS SELENE 3RD CENTURY A.D. An oval-shaped magical peridot gemstone intaglio with bevelled edge, engraved with a figure of goddess Selene advancing left, wearing a peplos, billowing veil or shawl above, crescent at neck and to head, holding a torch; Greek inscription 'MY' and inversed 'MI' below. 1 in. (3.06 grams, 24 mm). £300 - 400 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1979-1999. London collection of the late Mr S.M., thence by descent.

146

LITERATURE:

Cf. Goły niak, P., Engraved Gems and Propaganda in the Roman Republic and under Augustus, Oxford, 2020, fig.117.

147

ROMAN GOLD RING WITH GARNET PORTRAIT GEMSTONE 2ND CENTURY A.D. A garnet cloison with intaglio profile portrait of a youthful male with Julian hairstyle; set in a 5th century A.D. gold finger ring comprising a slender flat-section facetted hoop and an ellipsoid bezel with rilled outer face. 1 in. (4.68 grams, 25.36 mm overall, 16.49 x 23.44 mm internal diameter (approximate size British P, USA 7½, Europe 16.23, Japan 15)). £4,000 - 6,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1970s. Collection of jewellery formed by a lady. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11322-19247.

147

LITERATURE:

Cf. Chadour, A.B., Rings. The Alice and Louis Koch Collection, volume I, Leeds, 1994, item 361, for type.

148

ROMAN GOLD RING WITH GODDESS GEMSTONE 1ST CENTURY B.C. A gold ring comprising a round-section gold hoop and inset a later amethyst cabochon, intaglio portrait bust of a goddess looking right. ⅞ in. (4.67 grams, 23.43 mm overall, 17.60 mm internal diameter (approximate size British M½, USA 6¼, Europe 13.09, Japan 12)). £2,500 - 3,500 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1970-2010. Collection of a late Japanese gentleman. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11323-190881.

148

LITERATURE:

Cf. Chadour, A.B., Rings. The Alice and Louis Koch Collection, volume I, Leeds, 1994, item 143, for type. FOOTNOTES:

The gemstone shows a portrait of a young girl, maybe the goddess Demeter or Ceres-Hecate-Artemis, with a portrait style which seems contemporary to the ring. Demeter and Hecate were linked to the afterlife cult, so it is possible that the ring was a funerary gift.

149

ROMAN GOLD RING WITH EMERALD GEMSTONE OF A GODDESS LATE 2ND-EARLY 3RD CENTURY A.D. A gold ring with a transverse oval hoop widening towards the top; the shoulders forming a heart-shaped leaf in relief, supporting an oval bezel set with a round green emerald, engraved with an image of a female deity (Diké, representing Justice) with a balance and a palm. 1 in. (7.66 grams, 25.67 mm overall, 19.62 mm internal diameter (approximate size British R, USA 8½, Europe 18¾, Japan 18)). £1,000 - 1,400 PROVENANCE:

149

Acquired 1980s. From a Home Counties, UK, collection. LITERATURE:

Cf. Chadour, A.B., Rings. The Alice and Louis Koch Collection, volume I, Leeds, 1994, items 350, 366, for type.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

67


150

ROMAN EAGLE GEMSTONE IN GOLD RING 2ND-3RD CENTURY A.D. A limestone cabochon with aquila motif in later gold finger ring with carinated heart-shaped shoulders, thick cell to the bezel. 1 in. (9.31 grams, 24.11 mm overall, 18.27 mm internal diameter ( approximate size British P½, USA 7¾, Europe 16.86, Japan 16)). £1,500 - 2,000 PROVENANCE:

German art market, 1990s. Mr A.H., a North American collector living in the UK. LITERATURE:

Cf. Chadour, A.B., Rings. The Alice and Louis Koch Collection, volume I, Leeds, 1994, item 350, for type.

151 150

ROMAN DOLPHIN GEMSTONE IN GOLD RING 2ND CENTURY A.D. A red jasper intaglio gemstone showing a profile head above a dolphin in water, swimming right; set into a possibly later gold ring composed of a D-section hoop expanding at the bezel, with raised oval cell. 1 in. (8.27 grams, 26.98 mm overall, 19.60 mm internal diameter (approximate size British T, USA 9½, Europe 21.26, Japan 20)). £2,000 - 3,000 PROVENANCE:

Ex private Swiss collection, assembled in the 1960s-1970s. With Genève Enchères, 14 December 2017, lot 848. Accompanied by a Genève Enchères lot tag. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11324-189865. LITERATURE:

151

Cf. Chadour, A.B., Rings, The Alice and Louis Koch Collection, Leeds, 1994, item 173, for ring type; Aparaschivei, D. & Costel, C., 'Some Roman Engraved Gemstones of Ibida Fortress (Tulcea County)' in Archaeological Small Finds and their Significance, Proceedings of the International Symposium from Deva, Geoagiu B i, 23rd – 25th of March 2017, Cluj-Napoca, 2018, figs.4a and 6. FOOTNOTES:

The myth of Arion and the dolphin is well known, and possibly represented here. The sailors who were carrying Arion aboard their ship, upon noticing that he was rich, robbed him and gave him the option of killing himself or jumping into the sea. Arion opted to dive into the sea, but before doing so, he played a song dedicated to Apollo with his zither. Dolphins, attracted by Arion's song, surrounded the ship. When Arion jumped into the sea, one of them loaded him on his back and carried him safely to dry land of Corinth. Arion forgot to push the dolphin back to the sea and the poor animal died. Periander, Tyrant of Corinth and friend of Arion, erected a monument to the dolphin and crucified the evil sailors in front of it. The dolphin, in Graeco-Roman mythology, was considered to be the animal accompanying the souls of the dead into the afterlife.

152

ROMAN DOUBLE BAND GOLD RING WITH GARNET 1ST CENTURY B.C.-2ND CENTURY A.D.

152

A gold ring composed of a double banded hoop with two oval-shaped bezels set with polished garnet cabochons, each with a beaded border and beaded triangular flourish to the shoulders. ⅝ in. (2.41 grams, 18.18 mm overall, 15.51 mm internal diameter (approximate size British I, USA 4¼, Europe 7.44, Japan 7)). £500 - 700 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1970-2010. Collection of a late Japanese gentleman.

153

ROMAN GOLD DOUBLE BANDED RING WITH CAPRICORNS 3rd-4th century A.D. A gold twin bezel ring with openwork shoulders, each bezel engraved with a leaping capricorn. ¾ in. (4.55 grams, 18.03 mm overall, 15.19 mm internal diameter (approximate size British I, USA 4¼, Europe 7.44, Japan 7)). £400 - 600 153

PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1960s-1990s. Late Alison Barker collection, a retired London barrister.

68

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


154

154

ROMAN GOLD BRACELET WITH 'EYE' CABOCHON 3RD CENTURY A.D. A heavy gold bracelet composed of a round-section twisted wire hoop, corrugated tubular sleeves with capped ends, oval box setting with tapering sides set with a polished truncated conical banded agate cabochon; hinge closure with one fixed side, the other side with a removable pin. 2⅜ in. (48.52 grams, 59 mm wide). £8,000 - 10,000

155

PROVENANCE:

Old Swiss private collection. Private collection, acquired in 2003. Accompanied by an academic report by Dr. Raffaele D'Amato. LITERATURE:

Cf. The Metropolitan Museum, accession number 1995.539.13, for similar bracelet.

155

ROMAN GOLD CROSSBOW BROOCH LATE 4TH CENTURY A.D. A gold crossbow brooch with three ogival knops to the headplate, square-section bow and U-section rectangular footplate decorated with edge notches; pin and catchplate to reverse. 1⅜ in. (6.45 grams, 34 mm). £2,000 - 3,000 PROVENANCE:

Ex private European collection. Acquired by the current owner in 2001. LITERATURE:

Cf. Biscottini, P., Sena Chiesa, G., Costantino, 313 d.C.L'Editto di Milano e il tempo della tolleranza, Milano, 2012, the Louvre fibula in fig.163, p.253.

156

ROMAN GOLD LITURGICAL SPOON WITH SILVER DOLPHIN EARLY 5TH CENTURY A.D. A gold liturgical spoon composed of an oval bowl, two applied volute scrolls to each side of the handle; the lower part of which is formed as a silver dolphin with stylised detailing; applied balustered stem with bulbous finial, decorated with friezes of filigree spirals between bands; accompanied by a custom-made display stand. 6⅜ in. (7½ in.) (23.4 grams, 16.3 cm (166 grams total, 19 cm high including stand)). £5,000 - 7,000 PROVENANCE:

Old private American collection, since the 1980s. Acquired in London from Mr A.B. in 2019. Accompanied by an academic report by Dr. Raffaele D’Amato. Accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by a graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert ref.no.169251/07/12/2020. LITERATURE:

Cf. Johns, K. and Potter, T., The Thetford Treasure, Roman jewellery and silver, Dorchester, 1983, items 50-82, for type; cf. Spier, J., Treasures of the Ferrell Collection, Wiesbaden, 2010, p.278, items 218-222, for type.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

156

69


157

157

ROMAN PERIOD SILVER DIADEM WITH CLASPED HAND TERMINALS CIRCA 2ND CENTURY B.C.-2ND CENTURY A.D. A silver penannular diadem composed of three overlapping roundsection arms, each decorated with bow-shaped plaques, collars, ribbed panels, hatched motifs and terminating in a stylised hand gripping an openwork ring; accompanied by a custom-made display stand. 4⅞ in. (5⅜ in.) (91 grams, 12.5 cm wide (315 grams total, 13.5 cm high including stand)). £800 - 1,000 158

PROVENANCE:

German collection, pre 2000. London, UK, collection.

158

ROMAN SILVER RING WITH GRYPHON GEMSTONE 3RD CENTURY A.D. A silver ring with ellipsoid double-concave hoop, expanding towards the conical shoulders, high gilt bezel with circular carnelian gemstone bearing the image of a seated gryphon with its front leg resting on a wheel. ⅞ in. (5.71 grams, 23.55 mm overall, 17.54 mm internal diameter ( approximate size British H, USA 3¾, Europe 6.18, Japan 6)). £600 - 800 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1980s. From a Home Counties, UK, collection.

159

LATE ROMAN SILVER SPOON WITH LION 4TH-5TH CENTURY A.D. A silver spoon composed of a piriform bowl, swan neck and tapering, balustered stem; the neck formed as a feline with pricked ears, hooded eyes and mouth slightly ajar, with stylised mane and coat detailing, reverse of the bowl decoratively incised with stylised palm fronds; accompanied by a custom-made display stand. 9¾ in. (10¼ in.) (53 grams, 24.7 cm (202 grams total, 26 cm including stand)). £1,000 - 1,400 PROVENANCE:

Acquired before 1983. Ex London gallery, 1990s. LITERATURE:

See Shelton, K.J., The Esquiline Treasure, London, 1981, pl.34; cf. Riha, E. & Stern, W.B., Die Römischen Löffel aus Augst und Kaiseraugst, Basel, 1982, items 218-221, for type.

159

70

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


160

LATE ROMAN SILVER PLAQUE WITH TEMPLE TO JUPITERSABAZIOS 2ND-3RD CENTURY A.D.

160

A silver provincial votive plaque of pentagonal form with a gable top, bearing a repoussé scene composed of a seated figure of JupiterSabazios in relief within a temple, flanked by grapes, an ear of wheat and two stars, a statue of the god Mercury on the left and an eagle grasping thunderbolts on the right, standing on a globe; mounted on a custom-made display frame. 6⅞ in. (145 grams, 17.5 cm). £1,200 - 1,700 PROVENANCE:

Ex Schulman Coin and Antiquities, Amsterdam, 1970s-1980s. Important North West London collection. LITERATURE:

Cf. Gavrilovi Vitas, N., Ex Asia et Syria, Oriental Religions in the Roman Central Balkans, Oxford, 2021, fig.8, p.233. FOOTNOTES:

Among Roman inscriptions from Nicopolis ad Istrum, Sabazios is generally equated with Jupiter and mentioned alongside Mercury. The plaque is probably a votive sheet produced in the Danubian Provinces to honour the god. The piece was probably the upper part of a bigger votive plate, and similarly to some Danubian aediculae, the relief presentation shows the aedicula decorated with vegetative ornaments and rosettes. Inside the aedicula, Jupiter-Sabazios is presented as a mature bearded man, dressed in chiton and himation, originally probably holding a patera in his right hand.

161

161

ROMAN SILVER FIGURAL COSMETIC VESSEL 4TH-6TH CENTURY A.D. A silver repoussé figural cosmetic vessel on a discoid copper-alloy base; the figure portrayed cradling an infant and dressed in floorlength robes, from beneath which a single bare foot emerges; accompanied by a slender round-section stick with integral loop. 3 in. (25.1 grams, 75 mm). £500 - 700 PROVENANCE:

Ex private New York collection, 1990. Property of a London gentleman.

162

LATE ROMAN TURQUOISE BLUE GLASS UNGUENTARIUM 4TH-5TH CENTURY A.D. A double glass unguentarium composed of two conjoined tapering tubular cells, two applied handles at the shoulder, decorated with applied trails. 5¼ in. (53.6 grams, 13.3 cm). £4,000 - 6,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired by the current owner in 2001. Ex private European collection. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11328-189913. LITERATURE:

Cf. Bergman, M. et al., Ancient Glass in the Carnegie Museum of Natural History, Pittsburgh, 1980, items 194-198, for similar.

162

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

71


163

164

165

166

163

165

ROMAN PALE YELLOW GLASS OINOCHOE

ROMAN PALE GREEN GLASS BEAKER

3RD-4TH CENTURY A.D.

CIRCA 1ST CENTURY A.D.

A pale yellow glass oinochoe with contrasting green-blue applied basal ring, handle and neck trail, squat carinated body, stepped shoulder, tapering cylindrical neck and trefoil mouth. 4⅞ in. (95.6 grams, 12.5 cm high). £2,000 - 3,000

A pale glass beaker with U-section body, ground rim, gently tapering side walls and flared foot, the body decorated with concentric wheelcut bands. 3¼ x 2¼ in. (38 grams, 85 mm tall x 62 mm diameter). £1,000 - 1,400

PROVENANCE:

With Folio Fine Art, London, 1969. Ex collection of Professor and Mrs Clifford Ambrose Truesdell. Acquired on the New York art market in 2009. Private collection. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11329-189912.

PROVENANCE:

From the collection of a cloth merchant Mr Heinrich Vossiek (1865-1974), Bielefeld, Germany. Acquired on the German art market in 2013. German private collection. LITERATURE:

Cf. The British Museum, museum number 1901,0413.3002, for similar, without foot.

LITERATURE:

Cf. The Getty Museum, object numbers 2003.433, 2003.427 and 2003.428, for similar.

164

ROMAN PALE GREEN GLASS UNGUENTARIUM 3RD-5TH CENTURY A.D. A glass unguentarium composed of a slender piriform body, trumpetstyle neck with rolled lip, tapering foot, two applied handles and zigzag trails around the lower body; handwritten 'RAMLEH Lwrnc. Nov. 1898' inked to underside of foot. 4½ in. (57.6 grams, 11.5 cm high). £2,000 - 3,000

166 ‡

ROMAN DARK GREEN GLASS JAR 4TH-5TH CENTURY A.D. A dark green glass jar composed of a piriform body with dimpled panels, flared neck, carinated lip and two applied handles. 4 in. (94.6 grams, 10 cm high). £800 - 1,000 PROVENANCE:

Private collection, acquired in the 1970s-1980s; thence by descent. Private collection since 1998. LITERATURE:

Cf. The Corning Museum of Glass, accession number 72.1.9, for similar.

PROVENANCE:

From a late 19th century collection, 'RAMLEH Lawrence.Nov.1898'. Ex collection of Friedrich Steffen (1919-2003). Foundation La Coudre, Neuchatel, Switzerland. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11330-189914.

72

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


167 ‡

ROMAN PALE GREEN GLASS JAR WITH HANDLES 4TH CENTURY A.D. A glass jar with bulbous body, cylindrical neck, deep lip with c-section wall, two applied scrolled handles; iridescent surfaces. 3 1/3 x 3¼ in. (88 grams, 85 mm high x 86 mm wide). £800 - 1,000 PROVENANCE:

Private collection, acquired in the 1970s-1980s; thence by descent. Private collection since 1998. LITERATURE:

Cf. The Corning Museum of Glass, accession number 72.1.9, for similar.

168

ROMAN MOULD-BLOWN SPRINKLER VESSEL 3RD-4TH CENTURY A.D.

167

168

169

170

A mould-blown glass sprinkler with a bulbous body decorated with a net motif, cylindrical neck and rolled rim, diaphragm to the interior, rounded base. 4 in. (45 grams, 10 cm high). £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

Ex Dr D.G. Surrey, deceased. LITERATURE:

Cf. Whitehouse, D., Roman Glass in The Corning Museum Of Glass, Volume 2, New York, 2003, p.134, for similar.

169

ROMAN MOULD-BLOWN GLASS VESSEL 3RD-5TH CENTURY A.D. A deep-blue mould-blown glass jar; broad shoulder with tapering sidewalls, everted rim and shallow foot, medial frieze of foliate scrolling tendrils; iridescent surfaces. 2½ in. (98 grams, 65 mm high). £800 - 1,000 PROVENANCE:

Ex Dr D.G. Surrey, deceased. LITERATURE:

Cf. Blackmore, L. et al., The Prittlewell Princely Burial Excavations at Priory Crescent, Southend-on-Sea, Essex, 2003, London, 2019, p.383, for discussion of type.

170

ROMAN IRIDESCENT GLASS VESSEL WITH RIBBED NECK 3RD-4TH CENTURY A.D. A glass bottle composed of a squat body with D-section walls, sloping shoulder and broad, flaring neck decorated with applied trails; iridescent surfaces. 3⅝ in. (45 grams, 92 mm high). £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

Ex Dr D.G. Surrey, deceased. LITERATURE:

Cf. Whitehouse, D., Roman Glass in The Corning Museum Of Glass, Volume 2, New York, 2003, p.122, for similar.

171

BYZANTINE THEODOSIAN TYPE CORINTHIAN CAPITAL 4TH-5TH CENTURY A.D. A marble capital of Theodosian type, the foliate base covered with small acanthus leaves followed by a row of eight drooping thorny acanthus leaves, placed between the smaller acanthus leaves arranged below the circular kalathos, wide abacus above, decorated with a foliage frieze of intertwining branches and vines. 17½ in. (98.1 kg, 44.5 cm high). £2,000 - 3,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1970s-1996. Property of a North American collector. London collection, 2016. Accompanied by an academic report by Dr. Raffaele D'Amato. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11331-192904.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

171

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172

BYZANTINE COSMATESQUE MOSAIC PANEL 11TH-13TH CENTURY A.D. A rectangular marble floor panel recalling similar workmanship to the floor of the Sistine Chapel, comprising a large central panel composed of a chequerboard design of alternating geometric floral motifs with speckled porphyry squares, surrounded by four green and porphyry roundels, each with a bicolour border composed of interlocking triangles; each corner with an L-shaped panel displaying a unique geometric design composed of alternating square, lozengeshaped and small rectangular tiles. 27½ x 19¾ in. (37 kg, 70 x 50cm). £4,000 - 6,000 PROVENANCE:

French gallery, Paris, 1990s. From a family collection. Accompanied by an academic report by Dr Raffaele D'Amato. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11332-193071.

74

LITERATURE:

See Boito, C., Architettura Cosmatesca, Torino, 1860; Hutton, E., The Cosmati, The Roman Marble Workers of the XIIth and XIIIth Centuries, London, 1950. FOOTNOTES:

The Cosmatesque style was a characteristic type of ornamentation of Eastern Roman origin (opus alexandrinum) used by the Roman marble makers of the 12th and 13th centuries A.D. It embellishes floors, ciboriums and cloisters of churches by means of polychrome marble inlays of varied and imaginative geometric shapes. The wider use of this decoration began in the 12th century, at which time techniques were improved: the Cosmati floors were made with pieces of stone cut in various shapes and sizes, a property quite different from the mosaics in opus tessellatum, in which the motifs were made from small units all having the same size and shape, or from the opus sectile, intended to create representations with pieces of multicoloured marble cut out and arranged for this purpose. The stones used by Cosmati artists were often material salvaged from the ruins of ancient Roman buildings.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


173

BYZANTINE SILVER VOTIVE CROSS CONSTANTINOPLE, 11TH CENTURY A.D. A flat-section silver cross bearing a niello engraved design to one face, showing the Virgin and Child seated at the centre, bust of an evangelist within a roundel to each of the four arms; Matthew at the top, John in the right arm, Mark below and Luke in the left, each identified by a Greek inscription. 3⅝ in. (19.6 grams, 92 mm). [No Reserve] £3,000 - 4,000 PROVENANCE:

Yorkshire private collection until 2016. Acquired in the UK trade. Ex central London gallery. Accompanied by a copy of a previous typed catalogue page. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11333-192187. LITERATURE:

173

See Schweizer, F., Etude de l'orfevrerie antique: une approche scientifique nouvelle pour la caracterisation du nielle, L'oeuvre d'art sous le regard des sciences, Geneva, 1994, pp.211-220; see Pitarakis, B., Les Croix Reliquaires Pectorales Byxantines en Bronze, Paris, 2006, fig.18, p.37. FOOTNOTES:

The object's dimensions and undecorated reverse suggest that it was originally inset into a larger object or set against a backing material, such as a votive cross that could be set upon a portable altar or held in the hands for veneration. As a symbol of Christ's victory over death, the cross was the most popular Christian sign in the Byzantine period. Small cruciform enkolpia were also worn around the neck as powerful amulets protecting their bearers from evil. The closest parallel to our cross originated in a goldsmith's workshop in Constantinople in the 11th century A.D. and is now held in Geneva's Musée d'art et d'histoire. It seems likely that our cross originated in the same workshop or a closely related one.

174

BYZANTINE BULL OIL LAMP WITH TRIPOD STAND 6TH-7TH CENTURY A.D. A copper-alloy lamp with openwork thumb pad, bull's head modelled in relief to the lid, balustered stem and tripod foot with the feet modelled as lion paws. 10½ in. (1.04 kg, 26.5 cm high). £2,500 - 3,500 PROVENANCE:

Acquired between 1970 and 1993. Private Swiss collection. Accompanied by an archaeological report by Dr. Raffaele D'Amato. Accompanied by an old lot tag 'A159 / 1263'. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11334-189852. LITERATURE:

Cf. Ross, M., Catalogue of the Byzantine and Early Mediaeval Antiquities in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection, I: Metalwork, Ceramics, Glass, Glyptics, Paintings, Washington D.C., 1962, cat.137; Buckton, D. (ed.), Byzantium, the Treasures of Byzantine Art and Culture from British Collections, British Museum, 1994, p.108-9, no.199, for similar type of stand; Bailey, D.M., A catalogue of the lamps in the British Museum, IV, Lamps of metal and stone, and lampstands, London, 1996; Israeli, Y., Mevorah, D., Cradle of Christianity, The Israel Museum, Jerusalem, 2000; Gökalp, Z.D., ‘Some examples of Byzantine bronze lamps in Turkish Museums’ in Actes du 1er Congres International d’etudes sur le Luminaire Antique (Nyon-Geneve, 29.IX-4.X.2003), Monographies Instrumentum 31, (2005), pp. 69-71, fig.8, pl.30, for similar example in the Istanbul Museum, with identical bull head protome on its oil hole lid; other examples of the same type can be seen in Berlin (Wulff, O., Altchristliche und mittelalterliche byzantinische und italienische Bildwerke, Teil I: Altchristliche Bildwerke, Beschreibung der Bildwerke der christlichen Epochen, Konigliche Museum zu Berlin, Band III, Teil II, Berlin, 1911, nos.783, 784, 785, pl.XXXIII). FOOTNOTES:

These lamps were placed on tables or on lampstands, but they could also be hung with a cord or placed in separate, sometimes long bases. Here the lamp stands on a high and flaring base, with a tripod foot of stylised lion's paws, a ‘draped’ lower element and a baluster shaft. This was the basic shape of the late Roman stands (Bailey, 1996, pls.138-139). A hole in the bottom of the lamp had a metal inner lining and attachment to fit over the spike of the lampstand.

174

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

75


175 ‡

BYZANTINE OIL LAMP WITH LID 5TH-7TH CENTURY A.D. A copper-alloy oil lamp composed of a squat body with large circular nozzle, hinged lid with domed and collared knop in high-relief, openwork handle formed with two stems uniting to form a commashaped terminal with cross finial, splayed foot; square-section socket to base for mounting on a lamp stand. 6⅛ in. (290 grams, 15.5 cm wide). £1,200 - 1,700 PROVENANCE:

Ex private collection, acquired 1970-1980s; thence by descent. Private collection, since 1998.

175

LITERATURE:

Cf. Gökalp, Z.D., ‘Some examples of Byzantine bronze lamps in Turkish Museums’ in Actes du 1er Congres International d’etudes sur le Luminaire Antique (Nyon-Geneve, 29.IX-4.X.2003), Monographies Instrumentum 31, (2005), pp. 69-71, fig.7, pl.30.

176

BYZANTINE BUCKLE GROUP CIRCA 7TH-9TH CENTURY A.D. A group of two buckles with articulate tongues: one cruciform showing the five wounds of Christ in ring-and-dot form, two attachment loops to reverse, an old collector's ticket attached; a piriform buckle with waisted finial, two attachment loops to reverse. 1½ in. (23.5 grams total, 38-39 mm). [2] £300 - 400 PROVENANCE:

176

Believed ex Hattatt collection. Acquired circa 1990. Important North West London collection.

177

BYZANTINE GILT FIGURAL MOUNT 6TH-7TH CENTURY A.D. A gilt roundel set into a rectangular iron surround with mounting lugs to reverse; the central bust with a Christian cross over each shoulder, wearing a headpiece over a bobbed hairstyle and set within two beaded circles; possibly representing a saint or ruler. 1⅜ in. (45.9 grams, 37 mm). £700 - 900 PROVENANCE:

Acquired between 1980-1990. Property of a London gentleman.

177

178

BYZANTINE GOLD RING WITH ARCHITECTURAL BEZEL CIRCA 7TH CENTURY A.D. A gold finger ring with flat-section hoop, round plaque with openwork 'architectural' bezel, dome with granule and filigree detailing. 1 in. (4.00 grams, 26.90 mm overall, 18.23 mm internal diameter (approximate size British N½, USA 6¾, Europe 14.35, Japan 13)). £700 - 900 PROVENANCE:

German art market, 1990s. Mr A.H., a North American collector living in the UK.

178

LITERATURE:

Cf. Chadour, A.B., Rings. The Alice and Louis Koch Collection, volume I, Leeds, 1994, item 495.

179

BYZANTINE GOLD PENDANT WITH DROPS 12TH-15TH CENTURY A.D. A bifacial gold pendant composed of a box-style triangular body with openwork buds and scrolls embellished with granules, four loops below each with a length of loop-in-loop chain terminating in a hollow bulb with filigree medial band and collars, suspension loop to apex. 1½ in. (3.32 grams, 37 mm). £300 - 400 PROVENANCE:

179

Acquired 1970-2010. Collection of a late Japanese gentleman.

76

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


Western Asiatic Lots 180 - 284 Also see lots 849 - 1127


180

184

OLD BABYLONIAN CUNEIFORM ACCOUNTS TABLET

PRE-SARGONID ADMINISTRATIVE DOCUMENT

20TH-16TH CENTURY B.C.

2600-2334 B.C.

A pillow-shaped ceramic tablet bearing cuneiform text to both faces, relating to accounts. 3¼ in. (150 grams, 83 mm). £400 - 600

A rounded rectangular ceramic administrative document, with text impressed to one face. 3 in. (145 grams, 78 mm). £1,500 - 2,000

PROVENANCE:

PROVENANCE:

Specialised collection of cuneiform texts, the property of a London gentleman and housed in London before 1992. Thence by descent to family members. Examined by Professor Wilfrid George Lambert FBA (1926-2011), historian, archaeologist, and specialist in Assyriology and Near Eastern archaeology, in the late 1980s and early 1990s. The collection is exceptional for the variety of types, including some very rare and well preserved examples.

Specialised collection of cuneiform texts, the property of a London gentleman and housed in London before 1992. Thence by descent to family members. Examined by Professor Wilfrid George Lambert FBA (1926-2011), historian, archaeologist, and specialist in Assyriology and Near Eastern archaeology, in the late 1980s and early 1990s. The collection is exceptional for the variety of types, including some very rare and well preserved examples.

181

185

AKKADIAN CUNEIFORM TABLET

OLD BABYLONIAN ADMINISTRATIVE TABLET WITH SEAL IMPRESSIONS

24TH-22ND CENTURY B.C.

CIRCA 20TH-16TH CENTURY B.C. A pillow-shaped ceramic tablet bearing Akkadian cuneiform text to both faces. 2⅜ in. (80 grams, 60 mm). [No Reserve] £300 - 400 PROVENANCE:

Specialised collection of cuneiform texts, the property of a London gentleman and housed in London before 1992. Thence by descent to family members. Examined by Professor Wilfrid George Lambert FBA (1926-2011), historian, archaeologist, and specialist in Assyriology and Near Eastern archaeology, in the late 1980s and early 1990s. The collection is exceptional for the variety of types, including some very rare and well preserved examples.

PROVENANCE:

Some damage but exceptional quality and surfaces.

Specialised collection of cuneiform texts, the property of a London gentleman and housed in London before 1992. Thence by descent to family members. Examined by Professor Wilfrid George Lambert FBA (1926-2011), historian, archaeologist, and specialist in Assyriology and Near Eastern archaeology, in the late 1980s and early 1990s. The collection is exceptional for the variety of types, including some very rare and well preserved examples.

182

186

MESOPOTAMIAN CUNEIFORM TABLET

WESTERN ASIATIC PICTOGRAPHIC TABLET FRAGMENT

FOOTNOTES:

2ND MILLENNIUM B.C. A bifacial, pillow-shaped clay tablet bearing multiple lines of cuneiform text to both faces. 1⅝ in. (30.27 grams, 41 mm). [No Reserve] £300 - 400

4TH-3RD MILLENNIUM B.C. A fragment belonging to a pictographic tablet, bearing impressed pictograms to one face. 1⅝ in. (30.87 grams, 43 mm). [No Reserve] £400 - 600

PROVENANCE:

PROVENANCE:

Specialised collection of cuneiform texts, the property of a London gentleman and housed in London before 1992. Thence by descent to family members. Examined by Professor Wilfrid George Lambert FBA (1926-2011), historian, archaeologist, and specialist in Assyriology and Near Eastern archaeology, in the late 1980s and early 1990s. This small collection is exceptional for the variety of types, including some very rare and well preserved examples.

Specialised collection of cuneiform texts, the property of a London gentleman and housed in London before 1992. Thence by descent to family members. Examined by Professor Wilfrid George Lambert FBA (1926-2011), historian, archaeologist, and specialist in Assyriology and Near Eastern archaeology, in the late 1980s and early 1990s. The collection is exceptional for the variety of types, including some very rare and well preserved examples.

183

187

AKKADIAN CUNEIFORM ACCOUNTS TABLET

MESOPOTAMIAN PICTOGRAPHIC TABLET

25TH-23RD CENTURY B.C. A clay rectangular tablet with Akkadian cuneiform text relating to accounts. 3 in. (132 grams, 75 mm). £500 - 700 PROVENANCE:

Specialised collection of cuneiform texts, the property of a London gentleman and housed in London before 1992. Thence by descent to family members. Examined by Professor Wilfrid George Lambert FBA (1926-2011), historian, archaeologist, and specialist in Assyriology and Near Eastern archaeology, in the late 1980s and early 1990s. The collection is exceptional for the variety of types, including some very rare and well preserved examples.

78

A pillow-shaped ceramic tablet bearing stamped cuneiform text to both faces, together with trace remains of the original envelope and the cylinder seal impressions on it. 1⅝ in. (35.9 grams, 41 mm). £400 - 600

CIRCA 3000 B.C. A ceramic pillow-shaped pictographic tablet, inscribed on one face with a seven-panelled pictographic grid, with a branch above the reverse inscribed with a branch and a motif containing two drilled circles. 2¾ in. (42 grams, 69 mm). £4,000 - 6,000 PROVENANCE:

Specialised collection of cuneiform texts, the property of a London gentleman and housed in London before 1992. Thence by descent to family members. Examined by Professor Wilfrid George Lambert FBA (1926-2011), historian, archaeologist, and specialist in Assyriology and Near Eastern archaeology, in the late 1980s and early 1990s. The collection is exceptional for the variety of types, including some very rare and well preserved examples. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11335-190939.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


180

184

181

185

182

186

183

187

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

79


188

192

OLD BABYLONIAN ENVELOPE WITH CUNEIFORM TABLET INSIDE

OLD BABYLONIAN CUNEIFORM TABLET

3RD-2ND MILLENNIUM B.C.

7TH-6TH CENTURY B.C.

A ceramic envelope with tablet remaining inside, the latter with remains of impressed cuneiform text; outer envelope breaking open. 1⅞ in. (55 grams, 48 mm). £600 - 800

The majority of a ceramic pillow-shaped tablet bearing cuneiform text to one face and side. 3½ in. (206 grams, 89 mm). [No Reserve] £300 - 400

PROVENANCE:

Specialised collection of cuneiform texts, the property of a London gentleman and housed in London before 1992. Thence by descent to family members. Examined by Professor Wilfrid George Lambert FBA (1926-2011), historian, archaeologist, and specialist in Assyriology and Near Eastern archaeology, in the late 1980s and early 1990s. The collection is exceptional for the variety of types, including some very rare and well preserved examples.

189

WESTERN ASIATIC BIFACIAL CUNEIFORM TABLET 3RD-2ND MILLENNIUM B.C.

PROVENANCE:

Acquired before 1990. From a private London, UK, collection. With Ancient Art, London N14, UK. Accompanied by an Ancient Art certificate of authenticity including provenance. FOOTNOTES:

Emerging in ancient Mesopotamia, cuneiform was one of the earliest forms of writing. Babylonian society has a complex social structure with a need to generate records. Such documents were written in wet clay which was then left to dry.

193

LARGE OLD BABYLONIAN 'TREE LIST' LEXICAL CUNEIFORM TABLET CIRCA 19TH-18TH CENTURY B.C.

A roughly square-shaped ceramic tablet bearing cuneiform text on both faces. 1½ in. (43 grams, 42 mm). [No Reserve] £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

Specialised collection of cuneiform texts, the property of a London gentleman and housed in London before 1992. Thence by descent to family members. Examined by Professor Wilfrid George Lambert FBA (1926-2011), historian, archaeologist, and specialist in Assyriology and Near Eastern archaeology, in the late 1980s and early 1990s. This small collection is exceptional for the variety of types, including some very rare and well preserved examples.

190

SUMERIAN CUNEIFORM LETTER TABLET 3RD MILLENNIUM B.C. A bifacial pillow-shaped tablet bearing cuneiform text to both faces. 3⅜ in. (170 grams, 87 mm). £500 - 700 PROVENANCE:

Specialised collection of cuneiform texts, the property of a London gentleman and housed in London before 1992. Thence by descent to family members. Examined by Professor Wilfrid George Lambert FBA (1926-2011), historian, archaeologist, and specialist in Assyriology and Near Eastern archaeology, in the late 1980s and early 1990s. The collection is exceptional for the variety of types, including some very rare and well preserved examples.

191

MESOPOTAMIAN CUNEIFORM TABLET 2ND MILLENNIUM B.C. A large pillow-shaped tablet with plano-convex cross-section, bearing dense cuneiform text to both faces. 3⅛ in. (142 grams, 81 mm). [No Reserve] £300 - 400 PROVENANCE:

Specialised collection of cuneiform texts, the property of a London gentleman and housed in London before 1992. By descent to family members. Examined by Professor Wilfrid George Lambert FBA (1926-2011), historian, archaeologist, and specialist in Assyriology and Near Eastern archaeology, in the late 1980s and early 1990s. This small collection is exceptional for the variety of types, including some very rare and well preserved examples. LITERATURE:

Cf. Liverani, M., Antico Oriente, Storia, societa' ed economia, Roma, 1988, pp.608-609, fig.111, for similar writing style. FOOTNOTES:

The accounting records of the time of the Kassite period stand out for exemplary clarity, and for the 'grid page' layout, which was innovative compared to the traditional column layout.

80

A sub-rectangular, pillow-shaped ceramic tablet accompanied by a photocopy of a typed and signed scholarly note by W.G. Lambert, Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham, 1970-1993, which states: 'Clay Tablet, 140 x 90 mm., with 22 lines of Sumerian cuneiform on one side only, reverse apparently uninscribed. Old Babylonian period, c.1900-1700 B.C. A list of names of trees, an excerpt from a lexical text dealing with types of: Cornel / Pomegranate / 'Lilda'? / 'Mes'-tree / This is an antecedent of the later Babylonian list Urra = hubullu with its much longer list of trees[.] Some parts missing at the top, but most preserved.' 5½ in. (363 grams, 14 cm wide). £1,500 - 2,000 PROVENANCE:

Specialised collection of cuneiform texts, the property of a London gentleman and housed in London before 1992. Thence by descent to family members. Examined by Professor Wilfrid George Lambert FBA (1926-2011), historian, archaeologist, and specialist in Assyriology and Near Eastern archaeology, in the late 1980s and early 1990s. The collection is exceptional for the variety of types, including some very rare and well preserved examples. Accompanied by a copy of a scholarly note by Professor Wilfrid George Lambert FBA.

194

MESOPOTAMIAN DECORATED BULLA ENVELOPE CONTAINING TOKENS MID 6TH-MID 4TH MILLENNIUM B.C. A spherical ceramic bulla envelope containing multiple clay tokens which can be heard rattling inside; stylised ibexes, lions and horses on the envelope. 2⅛ in. (73 grams, 55 mm). £2,500 - 3,500 PROVENANCE:

Specialised collection of cuneiform texts, the property of a London gentleman and housed in London before 1992. Thence by descent to family members. Examined by Professor Wilfrid George Lambert FBA (1926-2011), historian, archaeologist, and specialist in Assyriology and Near Eastern archaeology, in the late 1980s and early 1990s. The collection is exceptional for the variety of types, including some very rare and well preserved examples. Accompanied by a copy of a illustrated typed catalogue page. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11336-190924. FOOTNOTES:

This bulla envelope likely belonged to the Sumerian or Uruk culture. It is believed that there are less than 250 complete and fragmentary examples of this type of bulla envelope worldwide. This is one of only a handful of examples ever offered at auction. The bulla first emerged in Mesopotamia around 8000 B.C. The clay envelopes contain a number of pre-baked accounting tokens, which were used in commercial and stock-taking transactions. Placing the tokens inside the bulla greatly enhanced the honesty of the transaction, as the bulla would have to be broken or crushed to reveal its contents.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


188

192

189

190

193

191

194

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

81


195

195

UR III CUNEIFORM SCHOOL TABLET 3RD MILLENNIUM B.C. A sub-circular ceramic tablet, lentoid in section, with cuneiform text to one face bearing finely executed scribal work. 2⅞ in. (117 grams, 73 mm). £500 - 700

attacking a rearing bull; a Mitanni or Syrian black steatite seal with a nude female standing next to tree of life, various symbols to the field; a Neo Babylonian serpentine seal with a frieze of rearing bulls and horses with a tree of life to the background; each mounted on an identification card with impression, old collection number and a handwritten note in French. 4¾ x 3½ in. (135 grams total, 12 x 9 cm each). [4, No Reserve] £400 - 600

PROVENANCE:

PROVENANCE:

Specialised collection of cuneiform texts, the property of a London gentleman and housed in London before 1992. Thence by descent to family members. Examined by Professor Wilfrid George Lambert FBA (1926-2011), historian, archaeologist, and specialist in Assyriology and Near Eastern archaeology, in the late 1980s and early 1990s. The collection is exceptional for the variety of types, including some very rare and well preserved examples.

Acquired from Galerie Antovitch, Paris, France, 1970s. With Galerie Chesnes, Lyon, 1980s.

196

OLD BABYLONIAN SEAL IMPRESSED BULLA CIRCA 19TH-16TH CENTURY B.C. A ceramic bulla seal fragment bearing very clear cylinder seal impressions to both faces; pierced for attachment to the associated goods. 1⅜ in. (12.1 grams, 36 mm). £300 - 400 PROVENANCE:

Specialised collection of cuneiform texts, the property of a London gentleman and housed in London before 1992. Thence by descent to family members. Examined by Professor Wilfrid George Lambert FBA (1926-2011), historian, archaeologist, and specialist in Assyriology and Near Eastern archaeology, in the late 1980s and early 1990s. The collection is exceptional for the variety of types, including some very rare and well preserved examples.

197

WESTERN ASIATIC CYLINDER SEAL COLLECTION 18TH-7TH CENTURY B.C. A group of cylinder seals comprising: a Canaanite black stone seal with two facing winged bulls; a Neo Assyrian white marble seal with a pair of winged griffins facing a sacred tree, star above; a Babylonian black steatite seal with a standing priest, facing flames(?), another figure behind; each mounted on an identification card with impression, old collection number and a handwritten note in French. 4¾ x 3⅝ in. (90 grams total, 12 x 9 cm each). [3, No Reserve] £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

Acquired from Galerie Antovitch, Paris, France, 1970s. With Galerie Chesnes, Lyon, 1980s.

198

WESTERN ASIATIC CYLINDER SEAL COLLECTION 3RD-1ST MILLENNIUM B.C. A group of cylinder seals comprising: a Neo-Sumerian black marble seal with a presentation scene to the top register and a frieze of swimming swans to the bottom register; an Assyrian white marble seal with Gilgamesh attacking a rearing lion from behind with a sword in his hand, grasping the tail of the beast, the lion simultaneously

82

196

199

WESTERN ASIATIC CYLINDER SEAL COLLECTION LATE 3RD-1ST MILLENNIUM B.C. A group of cylinder seals comprising: a Mitanni haematite seal with a frieze of quadrupeds, symbols to the field; a small Syrian haematite seal with a hunter flanked by two rearing quadrupeds, a vertical band of herringbone decoration behind the quadrupeds; a Neo-Assyrian black steatite seal with three standing priests and starburst motifs to the field; a Mitanni haematite seal with a pair of regardant capricorns and tree of life, crescent symbols in the field; each mounted on an identification card with impression, a collection number and a hand written note in French. 4¾ x 3½ in. (119 grams total, 12 x 9 cm each). [4, No Reserve] £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

Acquired from Galerie Antovitch, Paris, France, 1970s. With Galerie Chesnes, Lyon, 1980s.

200

OLD BABYLONIAN CYLINDER SEAL WITH WORSHIPPING SCENE 2ND MILLENNIUM B.C. A cylinder seal with three worshippers before a seated deity with their arms raised in adoration, the deity holding a chalice in the outstretched hand, symbol above; two columns of double inscription; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 1⅛ in. (24.2 grams, 28 mm). [No Reserve] £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1970s-1996. Property of a North American collector. London collection, 2016, collection no.F026.

201

WESTERN ASIATIC LAPIS LAZULI CYLINDER SEAL PENDANT WITH BRONZE CAPS 2ND-1ST MILLENNIUM B.C. A lapis lazuli cylinder seal mounted between two copper-alloy caps, suspension loop above; seal bearing incuse frieze composed of human and animal combat scenes, star in field above. 1½ in. (10 grams, 37 mm). £800 - 1,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1979-1999. Private collection of Mr S.M., London, UK.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


197

198

199

200

201

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

83


202

207

LARGE MESOPOTAMIAN CYLINDER SEAL WITH DOUBLE REGISTER

MESOPOTAMIAN CYLINDER SEAL WITH CONTEST SCENE 2ND MILLENNIUM B.C.

3RD MILLENNIUM B.C. A limestone cylinder seal with a double register, the top register with seated worshippers; the lower register with stylised quadrupeds; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 1⅝ in. (32.5 grams, 42 mm). [No Reserve] £300 - 400 PROVENANCE:

PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1970s-1996. Property of a North American collector. London collection, 2016, collection no.F038.

Acquired 1970s-1996. Property of a North American collector. London collection, 2016, collection no.F021.

203

208

LARGE MESOPOTAMIAN CYLINDER SEAL WITH CONTEST SCENES

LARGE WESTERN ASIATIC CYLINDER SEAL WITH LIONS AND QUADRUPEDS

2ND MILLENNIUM B.C.

1ST MILLENNIUM B.C.

A large cylinder seal with a double register; the top register with a pair of lions attacking a pair of rearing bulls, a hero in combat with a rearing lion, a human-headed bull attacking another bull; the bottom register with a lion attacking a rearing bull, a hero attacking the lion from behind, a second rearing bull behind the first bull, facing the tree of life, on the other side of the tree another lion and bull in combat; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 1¾ in. (28.5 grams, 44 mm). [No Reserve] £800 - 1,000

A variegated stone cylinder seal with frieze showing a combat scene in relief composed of rearing lions, horned quadrupeds and a human figure; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 2⅝ in. (50.9 grams, 67 mm). [No Reserve] £300 - 400

PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1970s-1996. Property of a North American collector. London collection, 2016, collection no.F002.

204

MESOPOTAMIAN CYLINDER SEAL WITH CONTEST SCENES 2ND MILLENNIUM B.C. A stone cylinder seal with a double register; the top register with a contest scene, a rearing lion attacking a regardant Lamassu, a lizard behind, Gilgamesh attacking the lion from behind and grasping its tail with his hand; the lower register with a contest scene comprising a lion attacking Lamassu with a rearing antelope behind and Gilgamesh(?) attacking a rearing Lamassu; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 1⅜ in. (19.3 grams, 35 mm). [No Reserve] £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1970s-1996. Property of a North American collector. London collection, 2016, collection no.F017.

205

LARGE AKKADIAN CYLINDER SEAL WITH CONTEST SCENE 3RD MILLENNIUM B.C. A white marble cylinder seal with a pair of rearing lions gripping the hindlegs of an antelope hanging upside down, a hero attacking the second lion from behind; further two scenes of a lion attacking a rearing bull; a human-headed bull wearing a horned headdress attacking a rearing bull; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 1½ in. (55.3 grams, 38 mm). [No Reserve] £1,000 - 1,400 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1970s-1996. Property of a North American collector. London collection, 2016, collection no.F034.

206

MESOPOTAMIAN WHITE BONE CYLINDER SEAL WITH OFFERING SCENES 3RD-2ND MILLENNIUM B.C. A white bone cylinder seal bearing two registers of stylised human and animal figures, the top set of figures advancing anti-clockwise, the bottom clockwise; pierced for suspension. 1⅛ in. (5.35 grams, 29 mm). £1,200 - 1,700 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1979-1999. Private collection of Mr S.M., London, UK.

84

A jasper cylinder seal with a pair of rearing lions facing a standing hero, another quadruped behind the figure and a small antelope underneath the first lion, pellets and other symbols to the field; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 1⅜ in. (26.7 grams, 34 mm). [No Reserve] £300 - 400

PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1970s-1996. Property of a North American collector. London collection, 2016, collection no.F040.

209

OLD BABYLONIAN CYLINDER SEAL WITH DEITIES 2ND MILLENNIUM B.C. A haematite cylinder seal with three standing deities, each wearing a horned-hat, one of the deities resting his leg on a reclining antelope and holding a branch in his hand, various motifs to the field including a bird, a human head and stylised figures; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 1 in. (11.8 grams, 24 mm). [No Reserve] £300 - 400 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1970s-1996. Property of a North American collector. London collection, 2016, collection no.F014.

210

AKKADIAN LAPIS LAZULI CYLINDER SEAL WITH CONTEST SCENE LATE 2ND MILLENNIUM B.C. A lapis lazuli cylinder seal with a pair of lions attacking rearing antelopes, two lines of script above a stylised scorpion; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. ⅞ in. (7.75 grams, 23 mm). [No Reserve] £300 - 400 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1970s-1996. Property of a North American collector. London collection, 2016, collection no.F009.

211

AKKADIAN CYLINDER SEAL WITH DEITIES 18TH-16TH CENTURY B.C. OR LATER A cylinder seal with a facing hunting god holding a bow and arrow, a quiver with a long tassel on his back, to his side goddess Ishtar standing on a mountain and armed with weapons, holding a bunch of dates in her hand; sun god Shamash emerging between the mountains and holding a blade; water god Ea standing with one foot on the right hand mountain, stretching his hand towards an eagle (possibly Zu), streams of water and fish flowing from his shoulders, a reclining bull between his legs, his two-faced attendant Usimu standing behind him; inscription above a standing lion; all figures wearing the multiple-horned head-dresses of deities; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 1¼ in. (22.7 grams, 31 mm). [No Reserve] £300 - 400 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1970s-1996. Property of a Canadian collector. London collection, 2016, collection no.F016. For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


202

207

203

208

204

209

205

210

206

211

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

85


217

BABYLONIAN ENGRAVED DUCK WEIGHT SEAL 2ND MILLENNIUM B.C. 212

OLD BABYLONIAN CYLINDER SEAL WITH WORSHIPPING SCENE 2ND MILLENNIUM B.C. A white marble cylinder seal with a worshipper before a seated deity, a quadruped before him and a rosette in between the figures, a pair of felines above the deity; behind him a pair of standing figures flanking a small tree, a bird with spread wings above them, some recutting; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 1⅝ in. (24.1 grams, 41 mm). [No Reserve] £300 - 400 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1970s-1996. Property of a North American collector. London collection, 2016, collection no.F035.

213

JEMDET NASR TYPE BIRD AMULETIC PENDANT 3rd-2nd millennium B.C. A calcite amuletic pendant formed as a stylised vulture, recessed circular eye to both faces, leg and talons tucked beneath body, occluded suspension loop. 1½ in. (7.58 grams, 37 mm). £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1970-1999. Property of a late Mayfair, London, gentleman, by descent.

214

JEMDET NASR TYPE AMULETIC BIRD PENDANT 3RD-2ND MILLENNIUM B.C. A stylised marble vulture with head and feather detailing to both faces; drilled for suspension. 1⅞ in. (28.4 grams, 49 mm). £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1970-1999. Property of a late Mayfair, London, gentleman, by descent.

215

JEMDET NASR TYPE BIRD AMULETIC SEAL 3RD-2ND MILLENNIUM B.C. A limestone seal in the form of a stylised vulture, enigmatic motif drilled to base and pierced for suspension. 1⅛ in. (6.68 grams, 28 mm). £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1970-1999. Property of a late Mayfair, London, gentleman, by descent.

216

JEMDET NASR TYPE FISH PALETTE 3RD MILLENNIUM B.C. A carved stone palette formed as a fish with semi-naturalistic detailing to one face, an oval recess to the reverse. 2¼ in. (17.7 grams, 57 mm wide). £600 - 800

A chalcedony duck seal weight with simple stylised anatomical outlines, eyes formed as a single piercing through the head, base with incuse motif of a winged human figure advancing right. 1 in. (7.84 grams, 26 mm). £500 - 700 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1970-1999. Property of a late Mayfair, London, gentleman, by descent.

218

GRAECO-PERSIAN STAMP SEAL WITH ANIMALS CIRCA 5TH-4TH CENTURY B.C. A plano-convex chalcedony stamp seal bearing bounding gazelles and bird in flight to base. 1 in. (9.02 grams, 25 mm). £700 - 900 PROVENANCE:

Acquired between 1980-1983. From the Empire collection, an important UK private collection of seals. Accompanied by a copy of a typed and signed scholarly note, by the late W.G. Lambert, Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham, 1970-1993.

219

SASSANIAN STAMP SEAL WITH HORSE 3RD-7TH CENTURY A.D. A plano-convex agate stamp seal bearing intaglio stylised winged horse advancing left to base, Pahlavi script arching over the animal; pierced for suspension. ⅝ in. (4.9 grams, 17 mm). £700 - 900 PROVENANCE:

Acquired between 1980-1983. From the Empire collection, an important UK private collection of seals.

220

SASSANIAN EPIGRAPHIC SEAL WITH SPHINX 3RD-7TH CENTURY A.D. A plano-convex agate stamp seal bearing incuse sphinx to base, together with a short line of inscription. ⅞ in. (11.5 grams, 22 mm). £300 - 400 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1979-1999. Private collection of Mr S.M., London, UK.

221

SASSANIAN EPIGRAPHIC SEAL WITH PEGASUS 3RD-7TH CENTURY A.D. A plano-convex jasper seal bearing an incuse winged horse and possible line of inscription to base. ⅝ in. (4.8 grams, 16 mm). £300 - 400 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1979-1999. Private collection of Mr S.M., London, UK.

222

SASSANIAN EPIGRAPHIC SEAL 3RD-7TH CENTURY A.D.

PROVENANCE:

Acquired in the late 1980s-early 1990s. Important North West London collection.

A plano-convex serpentine stamp seal bearing a vesica-shaped cartouche to the base with an enigmatic central motif, pellet border and surrounding Pahlavi script. 1¼ in. (25.6 grams, 31 mm). £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1979-1999. Private collection of Mr S.M., London, UK.

86

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


217 212

218 213

219

214

220

215

221

216 222

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

87


223

SOUTH ARABIAN ALABASTER PORTRAIT OF A MAN 3RD CENTURY B.C.-3RD CENTURY A.D. A stone head of a man carved in the half-round wearing a head covering; accompanied by a custom-made display stand. 6⅞ in. (9in.) (1.69 kg, 17.5 cm (3 kg total, 23 cm including stand)). £600 - 800 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1970s onwards. Private collection of Michael O'Hara, Cambridgeshire, UK. LITERATURE:

Cf. The British Museum, museum numbers 2002,0114.6 and 141571, for similar from Yemen.

223

224

BACTRIAN OR MARGIANA STONE PRIESTESS LATE 3RD-EARLY 2ND MILLENNIUM B.C. A stone idol figure modelled seated and cloaked, marble head with stylised facial features, the body covered with interlocking triangles with hatched fill; body of serpentine or steatite. 2½ in. (124 grams, 65 mm). £5,000 - 7,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired between 1980-1990. Property of a London gentleman. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11337-193226. LITERATURE:

Cf. Caubet, A. & Bernus-Taylor, M., The Louvre - Near Eastern Antiquities, London, 1991, p.50, for a comparable figure; cf. Pottier, M-H., Materiel Funeraire de la Bactriane Meridionale De L'Age Du Bronze, France, memoire no 36, fig.42 and pl.XLII, for the triangular motif.

224

225

KERMAN STONE VESSEL WITH GEOMETRIC DESIGN CIRCA 3RD MILLENNIUM B.C. A heavy steatite vessel with oval-section body and D-section walls, incised concentric bands to the rim, geometric scheme to the body composed of two registers of hatched rectangles populated with Xmotifs; four circular piercings to the rim; slightly convex base. 4⅞ in. (1.29 kg, 12.5 cm high). £1,500 - 2,000 PROVENANCE:

Ex Jacobs collection, acquired 1980-1982. With Bonham's, London, 16 May 2002, lot 336. With Cahn, Riehen, Switzerland, 19 November 2014, lot 12. Accompanied by copies of the relevant Bonham's catalogue pages.

225

88

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


226

227

226

227

BACTRIAN STONE VESSEL WITH INLAID INTERTWINED SNAKES

MESOPOTAMIAN STONE VESSEL WITH INTERTWINED BIRDS AND SNAKES

3RD MILLENNIUM B.C.

EARLY DYNASTIC III, CIRCA 2550-2250 B.C. A chlorite bowl with vertical walls bearing two intertwined stylised snakes with bestial heads poised to strike, their bodies covered with almond-shaped recesses, some of which are inlaid later with stones of various colours. 3¼ in. (859 grams, 13.7 cm wide). £4,000 - 6,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1970s-1996. Property of a North American collector. London collection, 2016. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11338-192823. LITERATURE:

Cf. Aruz, J., Art Of The First Cities, The Third Millennium B.C. from the Mediterranean to the Indus, New York, 2003, p.326, item 224a.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

A chlorite vessel with vertical wall and slightly convex base, dense frieze of creatures in combat; eagles with splayed limbs, grasping the serpents in its talons, which in turn are poised to strike at the bird, with stylised scale and feather detailing expressed using a series of ovoid cells, likely once inlaid with stones. 6½ in. (1.7 kg, 16.7 cm wide). £4,000 - 6,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired from a gallery in France. Kept in the UK since 1982, thence by descent. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11339-192112. LITERATURE:

Cf. Aruz, J., Art Of The First Cities, The Third Millennium B.C. from the Mediterranean to the Indus, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 2003, p.337.

89


228

228 ‡

PROTO-BACTRIAN DECORATED BOWL 22ND-17TH CENTURY B.C. A dark schist bowl with broad rim decorated with strips of triangular inlays in cream, red and dark grey stone, interspersed with circular recesses, one with inlay present; gently tapering shallow bowl with pedestal foot. 10⅞ in. (1.9 kg, 27.5 cm wide). £5,000 - 7,000 PROVENANCE:

Anonymous sale, Christie's London, Fine Antiquities, 13 December 1995, lot 110. Accompanied by copies of the relevant Christie's catalogue pages. Accompanied by an academic report by Dr. Raffaele D'Amato. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11340-189867. LITERATURE:

See Dani, A.H., Thapar, B.K., ‘The Indus Civilization’ in Unesco Publishing, History of civilizations of Central Asia, Volume I, The dawn of civilization: earliest times to 700 B.C., Paris, 1992, pp.271-307.

229

229

CHALCOLITHIC BLACK BASALT RITUAL VESSEL 4TH MILLENNIUM B.C. A black basalt ritual vessel composed of a truncated conical body with four stub legs, D-shaped spout and integral handle divided into two openwork arms in the upper part. 7¼ in. (862 grams, 18.5 cm wide). £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1979-1999. Private collection of the late Mr S.M., Mayfair, London, UK.

230

WESTERN ASIATIC ROCK CRYSTAL COSMETIC BOTTLE 9TH-11TH CENTURY A.D. A rock crystal bottle of globular form, stepped shoulder, pyramidal neck with three notched vertical bands. 1 in. (10.9 grams, 24 mm). £500 - 700 230

PROVENANCE:

Acquired before the early 1970s. Ex London, UK, gallery. Property of a London gentleman.

90

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


231

231

KHUZISTAN TERRACOTTA HORSE RHYTON 8TH-7TH CENTURY B.C. A terracotta rhyton with capsule-shaped body, trumpet-shaped filling spout and strap handle, long arched neck with horse-head finial and applied pellet eyes, cut-out to the head forming a pouring spout; old cloth label to the underside: 'r.s.t.t.- / 371'. 9⅞ in. (875 grams, 25 cm wide). £2,000 - 3,000 PROVENANCE:

Ex collection of Mrs Elias-Vase, Holland, 1960s-1970s. With Cahn Auction, 9 November 2013, lot 12. Accompanied by copies of the relevant Cahn catalogue pages. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11341-192132.

232

JEWISH MAGIC BOWL WITH PAINTED DEMON AND ARAMAIC INCANTATION AGAINST EVIL SPIRITS CIRCA 4TH-8TH CENTURY A.D. 232 A conical ceramic bowl bearing a series of painted Aramaic incantations arranged in circumferential bands to the internal wall, incorporating a trapezoidal panel containing a demon figure. 5⅞ in. (275 grams, 15 cm wide). £800 - 1,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired before 1988. From an important deceased gentleman’s collection by descent.

233

SUMERIAN FRAGMENTARY TERRACOTTA JAR EARLY DYNASTIC, 2900-2350 B.C. A cylindrical terracotta jar with stepped shoulder and broad neck, integral pierced lugs to the shoulder, decorative incised panels populated with zigzags composed of pricked dots and a stylised peacock. 4½ in. (323 grams, 11.5 cm high). [No Reserve] £500 - 700 PROVENANCE:

Part of a specialised collection, the property of a London gentleman and housed in London before 1992, thence by descent to family members; examined by Professor Wilfrid George Lambert FBA (1926-2011), historian, archaeologist, and specialist in Assyriology and Near Eastern archaeology, in the late 1980s and early 1990s; the collection is exceptional for the variety of types, including some very rare and well preserved examples. For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

233

91


234

BABYLONIAN HEAD OF THE DEMON GOD HUMBABA 20TH-16TH CENTURY B.C. A ceramic Humbaba mask depicting the face or severed head of the Mesopotamian demon, capturing his iconic grotesque facial features in relief; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 3 in. (3⅝ in.) (81 grams, 75 mm (110 grams total, 92 mm including stand)). £600 - 800

234

PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1979-1999. London collection of the late Mr S.M., thence by descent. FOOTNOTES:

Within traditional Mesopotamian religion, Humbaba was a creature regarded as Guardian of the Cedar forest and the brother of Pazuzu. He was represented as monstrous giant who had been raised by the sun god Shamash.

235

TELL HALAF SEATED FIGURE CIRCA 6100-5400 B.C. A ceramic figure modelled seated, legs drawn up to the body, hands resting on knees, pinched head with oval-shaped headdress and remains of painted motifs including two large eyes with large top and bottom lashes. 3⅛ in. (64 grams, 80 mm high). £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1980s-1990s. Collection of M. Cummings, Lincolnshire, UK.

235

236

MESOPOTAMIAN FERTILITY FIGURE 5TH-3RD MILLENNIUM B.C. A clay anthropomorphic female figure, stylised detailing to her face and hair, beaded necklace around her neck and small breasts; remains of outstretched arms; shallow U-shaped channel to reverse delineating her buttocks and spine. 4½ in. (225 grams, 11.5 cm high). £600 - 800 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1980-2015. Ex Abelita family collection. Accompanied by a copy of a previous illustrated catalogue sheet.

237

BABYLONIAN SHEEP PLAQUE 20TH-16TH CENTURY B.C. A fired clay plaque in the form of a sheep with a woolly fleece expressed as a dense series of annulets, pinched muzzle and circular eyes; blank reverse; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 4⅛ in. (223 grams, 10.5 cm high including stand). £400 - 600

236

PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1979-1999. London collection of the late Mr S.M., thence by descent. Accompanied by a copy of a previous illustrated catalogue sheet. FOOTNOTES:

Flocks of sheep and cattle were vital to the survival of the earliest Mesopotamian societies. Hence the image of the shepherd and his flock came to symbolise the relationship between Mesopotamian kings and their people. Sheep were represented throughout the history of Mesopotamian art, with known examples dating between the late 4th millennium B.C. (Uruk period) and the 1st millennium B.C., as in the example of the Tiglath-Pileser III reliefs.

237

92

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


238

ABBASID DECORATED BOWL 11TH-12TH CENTURY A.D. A ceramic bowl with tapering walls, everted rim and plinth foot, decorated in brown and mustard-coloured lustres forming scallops around the rim and hatched geometric grid to bowl with solid circular border. 5⅛ in. (166 grams, 13 cm wide). £1,000 - 1,400 PROVENANCE:

Acquired before the early 1970s. Ex London, UK, gallery. Property of a London gentleman.

239

NISHAPUR BLUE-GLAZED DISH COLLECTION 10TH-13TH CENTURY A.D. 238 A trio of wheel-thrown dishes, each with a shallow foot: a turquoiseglazed example with helical motif around the rim, roundels and central interlace motif to the bowl; a second turquoise-glazed bowl decorated with dark amorphous patches to the rim and an interlace-style motif to the bowl; a dark blue-glazed bowl with black strips to rim, three nodules to bowl, concentric roundels framing an interlace design; iridescent surfaces. 5¾ - 6⅛ in. (599 grams total, 14.5-15.5 cm wide). [3] £500 - 700 PROVENANCE:

Private California collection, USA. With Artemis Gallery, Colorado, USA. Private collection of Professor Kenneth Graham, London, UK. Accompanied by a certificate of authenticity from Artemis Gallery.

240

CENTRAL ASIAN GLAZED DEEP BLUE CALLIGRAPHIC TILE LATE 14TH CENTURY A.D. OR LATER A rectangular glazed ceramic tile bearing calligraphic text embellished with interlace and foliate motifs. 13 x 8¼ in. (2.79 kg, 33 x 21 cm). [No Reserve] £3,000 - 4,000 PROVENANCE:

Collection Xavier Guerrand-Hermes. Artcurial, 12 May 2014, lot 246. Ex central London gallery. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11342-192183.

239

240

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

93


241

242

241

GLAZED TILE WITH QUR'ANIC INSCRIPTION 15TH-16TH CENTURY A.D. A rectangular glazed ceramic tile with bevelled upper edge, with part of a Qur'anic inscription; stone paste, blue and black on white. 9½ in. (720 grams, 24 cm). [No Reserve] £300 - 400 PROVENANCE:

Acquired from the UK trade, c.1990s. Ex central London gallery.

PROVENANCE:

6TH-5TH CENTURY B.C.

Faraj Mahdi Mohamed Ali collection, England, 1952. With Pierre Bergé & Associés, Archéologie, 15 December 2009, lot 293 [45,00050,000 euros for a pair]. With Cahn Auktionen AG, 13 November 2015, lot 97. Property of a gentleman living in central London. Accompanied by copies of the relevant Cahn Auktionen AG and Pierre Bergé & Associés catalogue pages. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11343-192123.

A gold bracelet with animal head terminals, crafted by bending a piece of heavy gold sheet into an oval band with an in-swing in the hoop opposite the terminals; concave to the top side to receive rectangular

Cf. Curtis, J, and Tallis, N. edn., Forgotten Empire, The British Museum, London, 2006, pp.138-139, for a comparable bracelet; cf. Tait, H., 7000 Years of Jewellery, p.66-67, 118-119, for the specific shape of the bangle.

FOOTNOTES:

Likely a section from a calligraphic frieze.

242

ACHAEMENID GOLD BRACELET WITH LION PROTOMES

94

strips of lapis lazuli inlay, still extant in parts; terminals formed as the forequarters of two lions, heads turned to look along their backs, open jaws revealing teeth, hatching decoration suggests the texture of their manes, delicate details to their heads and faces; mounted on a custom-made stand. 4¾ in. (318 grams total, 12 cm high including stand). £6,000 - 8,000

LITERATURE:

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


243

WESTERN ASIATIC GOLD CHAIN WITH DECORATED TERMINAL 1ST MILLENNIUM B.C. A length of gold loop-in-loop chain with a tapering tubular terminal decorated with three filigree collars and loop with free-running ring. 8⅞ in. (21.60 grams, 22.5 cm). £1,500 - 2,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1970-2010. Collection of a late Japanese gentleman.

243

LITERATURE:

Cf. The British Museum, museum number 1904,0707.1, for similar.

244

WESTERN ASIATIC GOLD RING WITH BUST WITHIN GRAPES AND SYMBOLS 2ND-3RD CENTURY A.D. A gold finger ring with hollow D-section hoop and oval bezel, set with a later oval-shaped agate intaglio bearing a bust surrounded by a vine of grapes, enigmatic motifs or symbols around. 1 in. (8.03 grams, 26.73 mm overall, 16.61 mm internal diameter ( approximate size British G½, USA 3½, Europe 5.55, Japan 5)). £3,000 - 4,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1970-1999. Property of a late London Mayfair gentleman, by descent. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11344-190311.

244

LITERATURE:

Cf. Chadour, A.B., Rings. The Alice and Louis Koch Collection, Leeds, 1994, p.73, for type; cf. Ruseva-Slokoska, L., Roman Jewellery, Bulgaria, 1991, pp.189-192, for comparable forms.

245

PARTHIAN GOLD AMPHORA EARRING PAIR 1ST-2ND CENTURY A.D. A matching pair of amphora-shaped earrings, each composed of a piriform body, trumpet-shaped neck, four slender scroll-handles, openwork body composed of conjoined spheres with pellet ornament, imitating clusters of grapes, larger hoops above and smaller below, with granule clusters to the collars and shoulder. 1¾ in. (10.65 grams total, 43-45 mm). [2] £800 - 1,000 PROVENANCE:

Ex private London collection. Acquired on the UK art market, 1971-1974.

245

LITERATURE:

Cf. The Metropolitan Museum, accession number 35.29.2, for very similar.

246

WESTERN ASIATIC GOLD EARRING PAIR 1ST MILLENNIUM B.C. A matched pair of gold earrings, each composed of a spiralling, round-section hoop with tapering arms and a hollow bulb decorated with pyramid granules. 1⅛ in. (4.69 grams total, 28-29 mm). [2] £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1970-2010. Collection of a late Japanese gentleman.

246

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

95


247

WESTERN ASIATIC GOLD EARRING PAIR 1ST MILLENNIUM B.C. 247

A pair of gold hoop earrings, each composed of a round-section hoop with expanded central section, slender wire bar suspending pearlcoloured and glass beads. ⅞ -1 in. (6.11 grams total, 22-25 mm). [2] £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1970-2010. Collection of a late Japanese gentleman.

248

WESTERN ASIATIC GOLD EARRING PAIR 1ST MILLENNIUM B.C. A matched pair of gold earrings, each composed of a figure-of-eightshaped body of two hollow domed plaques, beaded collar between, ear hook to reverse. 1¼ in. (5.32 grams total, 31-32 cm). [2] £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

248

Acquired 1970-2010. Collection of a late Japanese gentleman.

249

FATIMID GOLD OPENWORK EARRING CIRCA 11TH CENTURY A.D. A bifacial gold earring with crescentic body, bulbs to both faces and the belly, with pellet and filigree ornament; four hoops to top, ten parallel hoops to the perimeter. 1 in. (7.58 grams, 27 mm). £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

UK art collection, 1981. LITERATURE:

Cf. The Metropolitan Museum, accession number 1979.289a, b, for similar.

249

250

SOUTH ARABIAN GOLD AND ENAMEL ANIMAL PENDANT EARLY 1ST MILLENNIUM A.D. A bifacial gold pendant in the form of a rhinoceros, the anatomical detailing formed with enamelled cells, collar above composed of four granulated flowerheads, suspension loop above.⅜ in. (0.72 grams, 12 mm). £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1979-1999. London collection of the late Mr S.M., thence by descent.

251

WESTERN ASIATIC GOLD BEAD COLLECTION

250

MAINLY 1ST MILLENNIUM B.C. A mixed group of gold beads of various types and sizes, mainly comprising pelletted annular beads, collared beads and plain sheetmetal beads, including a large tubular bead with collars and domed caps, among other types. ⅛ -⅝ in. (8.7 grams total, 2-15 mm). [56] £500 - 700 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1970-2010. Collection of a late Japanese gentleman.

251

96

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


252

253

252

253

WESTERN ASIATIC AGATE BEAD NECKLACE

WESTERN ASIATIC BEAD NECKLACE

3RD MILLENNIUM B.C.

5TH MILLENNIUM B.C.

A restrung necklace composed of agate beads of various types, including small gold terminal beads. 24¾ in. (215 grams, 63 cm long). £3,000 - 4,000

A restrung necklace composed of graduated black serpentine and carnelian beads and central biconical stone bead. 2 in. (283 grams, 52 cm long). £3,000 - 4,000

PROVENANCE:

Acquired in the late 1980s-early 1990s. Important North West London collection. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11345-191959.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

PROVENANCE:

Acquired in the late 1970s. Important North West London collection. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11346-191960.

97


254

255

254

SASSANIAN SILVER FOOTED RIBBED BOWL 6TH CENTURY A.D. A silver fluted bowl composed of a D-section body and splayed pedestal foot. 5¼ in. (151 grams, 13.3 cm wide). £1,800 - 2,400 PROVENANCE:

Acquired in the USA in the late 1980s-early 1990s. Important North West London collection. LITERATURE:

Cf. The Metropolitan Museum, accession number 62.46, for very similar.

PROVENANCE:

Acquired before 1972. Formerly with a central London gallery. Property of a London gentleman. LITERATURE:

Cf. Minardi, M., 'A Four-Armed Goddess from Ancient Chorasmia: History, Iconography and Style of an Ancient Chorasmian Icon,' in Iran, 51:1, pp.111143, figs.2, 3, 5, 6.

255

FOOTNOTES:

SASSANIAN SILVER BOWL WITH GILT INCISED DESIGN OF FOURARMED GODDESS

The bowl, of Chorasmia production, belongs to the category of pBntn (variant pyBntn) i.e. 'vessel for water' in Chorasmo-Aramaic language. The four-armed goddess image is typical of the Chorasmia province of the Sassanian world, possibly representing the 'Great Goddess' of Chorasmia. The iconography, well known from a bowl in the British Museum and other artworks recently published by Minardi, derived from the strong influence of Eastern Roman style of silver dishes. The iconography of the four arms can be ascribed to those cultural contacts Chorasmia had with the south, or more specifically perhaps with India.

CIRCA 6TH-7TH CENTURY A.D. A boat-shaped silver bowl engraved with foliate vines, flying birds and running animals between annulet borders around the neck; later four-

98

armed figure of a Chorasmian goddess riding a lion to the centre of the bowl, wearing a mural crown over arranged hair, holding a lunar crescent, a mace-sceptre, a bowl and a lotus flower. 6½ in. (171 grams, 16.6 cm). £1,800 - 2,400

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


256

POST SASSANIAN SILVER BOWL WITH GILT FARUKHAN RULER OF TABARISTAN CIRCA 8TH CENTURY A.D. PROVENANCE:

An ovoid silver bowl with rounded walls and base, decorated using repoussé technique with fruiting vines, stylised birds, pellets and a central figure representing Farukhan Ruler of Tabaristan, embellished with gilding; the decorative scheme possibly later although the scientific report suggests that it is contemporary with the bowls manufacture. 6⅜ in. (165 grams, 16.2 cm wide). £8,000 - 10,000

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Acquired between 1980-1990. Property of a London gentleman. Accompanied by a copy of a positive metallurgical report written by Dr. Peter Northover (ex Department of Materials, Materials Science-Based Archaeology Group & Department of Materials, University of Oxford). This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11347-193240.

99


257

258

259

257

259

ELAMITE SILVER PHIALE MESOMPHALOS

SELJUK ORNATE CLASPED SILVER BRACELETS

CIRCA 9TH CENTURY B.C.

11TH-14TH CENTURY A.D.

A silver phiale or bowl composed of a squat, hemispherical body decorated with hammered geometric forms representing radiating petals or stylised lotus flowers and buds, concentric rings encircling central domed omphalos; held in a custom-made, lined presentation box. 6¼ in. (10 x 10⅛ in.) (157 grams, 16 cm wide (1 kg, 25.5 x 25.7 cm including box)). £1,800 - 2,400

A large matching pair of clasped silver bracelets, each composed of a round-section hoop tapering towards the terminals, decorated with four spiral plaques and filigree annulets, scrolls and pellets to the shoulders, filigree floral panel to base of hoop; held in a custom-made, lined display box. 5⅜ in. (14½ x 7½ in.) (383 grams total, 13.7-13.9 cm wide (1.9 kg total, 37 x 19 cm including box)). [2] £5,000 - 7,000

PROVENANCE:

PROVENANCE:

Acquired before the early 1970s. Ex London, UK, gallery. Property of a London gentleman.

Acquired before the early 1970s. Ex London, UK, gallery. Property of a London gentleman. Accompanied by a large old Kodak photograph with 498-98 (1998?) to verso. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11348-191941.

258

SASSANIAN SILVER BOWL WITH ENGRAVED PEAHEN 3RD-7TH CENTURY A.D. A silver U-section bowl with flat rim and rounded base, with a possibly later stylised peahen engraved to the interior. 6 in. (158 grams, 15 cm wide). £800 - 1,000 PROVENANCE:

Abelita family collection, 1980-2015.

260 ‡

ACHAEMENID SILVER BRACELET PAIR CIRCA 5TH-4TH CENTURY B.C. A matching pair of heavy silver penannular bracelets, each composed of a D-section body with expanded central section and flared terminals. 2¾ in. (270 grams total, 70-72 mm). [2, No Reserve] £300 - 400 PROVENANCE:

Ex G.Grimm collection, Paris, France, 1995-2018. Aguttes Auction, Neuilly-sur-Seine, France, 19 December 2018, lot 431. Property of a French collector. Accompanied by a printout of the Aguttes Auction lot.

100

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


261

262

260

263

264

261

263

SELJUK HEAVY SILVER BRACELET

JEWISH SILVER RIMONIM GROUP

12TH-13TH CENTURY A.D.

19TH CENTURY A.D.

A very heavy silver penannular bracelet with keeled profile, two opposing panels to the upper face, each with a stylised floral motif on a textured background, below the panel three ring-and-dot motifs; the clubbed finials with a panel of ornate foliate design on a textured background. 2⅝ in. (461 grams, 68 mm). £1,200 - 1,700

A group of two silver rimonim or Torah finials comprising: one piriform example with medial rib, scalloped rim, domed head and tapering cylindrical socket; a spherical type with conical finial and tapering cylindrical socket, medial band of dangles with inscription above, embossed and chased stylised floral and foliate motifs to body and socket. 10⅝ - 11¼ in. (660 grams total, 27-28.7 cm). £2,000 - 3,000

PROVENANCE:

Acquired before the early 1970s. Ex London, UK, gallery. Property of a London gentleman. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10554-170877.

PROVENANCE:

From a UK private collection. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11349-192117.

264 262

ACHAEMENID SILVER FELINE BROOCH PAIR 6TH-4TH CENTURY B.C. A matching pair of silver fibula brooches, each composed of a planoconvex bow, balustered arms with one knop-style head and one curved catchplate, round-section pin with coiled wire collar, bow decorated with the addorsed forequarters of two felines with stylised markings and facial features. 1⅛ in. (22.3 grams total, 30 mm each). [2] £1,200 - 1,700 PROVENANCE:

Acquired before 1983. Ex London gallery, 1990s.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

JEWISH SILVER RIMONIM GROUP 19TH CENTURY A.D. A group of two silver rimonim or Torah finials, each comprising a spherical body with conical finial and tapering cylindrical socket, medial band of dangles with inscription above, embossed and chased stylised floral and foliate motifs to body and socket. 10⅝ - 10¾ in. (723 grams total, 27-27.3 cm). [2] £2,000 - 3,000 PROVENANCE:

From a UK private collection. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11350-192116.

101


265

266

PROVENANCE:

265

ELAMITE STATUETTE OF A PRIEST 2ND-1ST MILLENNIUM B.C. A bronze figure of a deity or worshipper wearing a flat headdress with long pony tail to the rear of the head, small ears, mask-like face and large nose; arms bent to the side and hands holding flat objects, possibly stylised flowers; long tapering gown from under which protrude small feet. 4 in. (48 grams, 10 cm). £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

Important London collection, acquired before 1980. With TimeLine Auctions 20 February 2018, lot 711. Private collection of Professor Kenneth Graham, London, UK. Accompanied by a copy of the relevant TimeLine catalogue pages and invoice.

266

LURISTAN MASTER OF ANIMALS SCEPTRE HEAD CIRCA 8TH-7TH CENTURY B.C. A bifacial sceptre head modelled in the round as a master of animals, composed of a stylised central human figure, crescentic arms formed as two slender beasts with open mouths facing the master, his lower body formed as the hind quarters of a quadruped animal, the attachment loops as their long, curled tails; openwork cylindrical socket running through the centre of the whole; accompanied by a custom-made display stand. 6½ in. (385 grams total, 16.5 cm). £1,000 - 1,400

102

267

From the collection of Franz Xaver Bachem (1857-1937), Cologne, Germany. Ex collection of Dr. Franz-Carl Bachem (1898-1976). By descent to Mercedes Bachem (1904-1987). From the estate of Monika Roth Weiler, Meersburg, Germany. Ex private collection, Cologne, Germany. LITERATURE:

Cf. The Metropolitan Museum, accession numbers 1996.82.1, 30.97.5 and 30.97.6, for similar examples.

267

LURISTAN MASTER OF ANIMALS SCEPTRE HEAD WITH LIONS CIRCA 8TH-7TH CENTURY B.C. A bronze openwork master of animals sceptre head element, formed in the round as two slender beasts standing on their hind paws, facing each other with roaring mouths, gripping each other's forepaws, their long curled tails forming two small attachment loops (now occluded), cylindrical socket throughout the whole; accompanied by a custommade display stand. 3⅜ in. (4⅜ in.) (91 grams, 87 mm (205 grams total, 11 cm high including stand)). £1,000 - 1,400 PROVENANCE:

Ex private French collection, Paris. Acquired on the French art market in 2013. Private Germany collection. LITERATURE:

Cf. The Metropolitan Museum, accession number 30.97.9, for similar.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


268

269

268

269

AMLASH FIGURE OF FERTILITY

AMLASH FIGURE OF FERTILITY

13TH-12TH CENTURY B.C.

CIRCA 13TH-12TH CENTURY B.C.

A bifacial copper-alloy fertility figure composed of an openwork discoid body, feet below, two smaller figures possibly cradling birds to the chest, stylised birds standing on the outer rim of the body, head with figurative facial features, short hair and an ornamental necklace around the neck; suspension loop to reverse, openwork scrolled straps studded with pellets to the body; accompanied by a custommade display stand. 3½ in. (4 in.) (106 grams, 89 mm (138 grams total, 10 cm including stand)). £1,200 - 1,700

A copper-alloy fertility figure with openwork decoration, loop arms suspending pendants formed as slender figurative horned animals; suspension loop to reverse and cage-style torso; accompanied by a custom-made display stand. 3⅝ in. (4 in.) (47 grams, 91 mm (78 grams total, 10 cm including stand)). £700 - 900 PROVENANCE:

Acquired before 1983. Ex London gallery, 1990s.

PROVENANCE:

Acquired before 1983. Ex London gallery, 1990s.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

103


270

POST SASSANIAN STAG FIGURE 8TH-9TH CENTURY A.D. A substantial hollow-formed bronze standing stag figure, head erect, antlers poised horizontally each with four tines and a bifid crown, lowrelief fur texture to the chest, lentoid eyes; longitudinal slit to the junction of neck and back; hinged door to the flank with fastening lug, possibly for use as a money box. 9½ in. (2.5 kg, 24 cm). £15,000 - 20,000 PROVENANCE:

LITERATURE:

See Trever, K.B. & Lukonin, V.G., Sasanidskoe Serebro, Moscow, 1987. FOOTNOTES:

The slot in the animal's neck indicates that it was intended to serve as a moneybox, being of a size suitable to accept early Islamic dirham coins of 28-30mm in diameter and up to 1.8mm in thickness. The lateral hinged door allows the coins to be retrieved without damaging the container, in contrast with contemporary ceramic containers which had to be broken open for this purpose.

Naxos Art Gallery, London, UK, before 1986. Property of a London gentleman. Accompanied by a metallurgic analytical report written by Metallurgist Dr. Brian Gilmour, report number 146266/HM1363. Accompanied by a detailed report by Near Eastern Art expert Prof J.W. Allan. Accompanied a copy of the purchase invoice from Naxos Art Gallery dated 12 October 1986. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11351-19136.

104

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


271

LURISTAN STAG-HANDLED CUP 2ND MILLENNIUM B.C. A sheet-bronze cup with discoid base, applied strap handle with staghead detailing, antlers conjoined above the head to form a ring. 5½ in. (142 grams, 14 cm). £400 - 600

271

PROVENANCE:

London Mayfair, UK, collection, formed 1970s-1980s. Ex property of a London gentleman. Private collection of Professor Kenneth Graham, London, UK. LITERATURE:

See Moorey, P.R.S., Ancient Bronzes From Luristan, London, 1974.

272

LURISTAN SPOUTED VESSEL WITH ATTACKING BULLS 3RD MILLENNIUM B.C. A bronze vessel composed of a squat body, stepped shoulder, broad rim and U-section spout, the body displaying a frieze of repoussé fighting bulls, their heads lowered and horns interlocking beneath the spout. 7½ in. (496 grams, 19 cm wide). £2,500 - 3,500 PROVENANCE:

Acquired before 1983. Ex London gallery, 1990s. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11352-191889.

272

LITERATURE:

Cf. Musees Paris, Bronzes du Luristan, Paris, 2008, p.69, for a similar vessel with different decorative scheme.

273

SASSANIAN VESSEL WITH BIRDS 3RD-7TH CENTURY A.D. A copper-alloy vessel with tapering walls and everted rim, two raised circumferential ribs framing a frieze of engraved stylised birds standing right beneath arcades. 6 in. (334 grams, 15 cm wide). £800 - 1,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired before 1983. Ex London gallery, 1990s.

274

ELAMITE BOWL WITH SEATED LIONS 3RD MILLENNIUM B.C.

273

A conical bowl with D-section wall and shallow discoid foot, ornamented with a procession of three lions seated right in relief around the shoulder; remains of lug handle. 4 in. (317 grams, 10.2 cm wide). £1,200 - 1,700 PROVENANCE:

Acquired before 1983. Ex London gallery, 1990s. LITERATURE:

Cf. Müller-Karpe, M., Metallgefässe im Iraq I (Von den Anfängen bis zur AkkadZeit), Stuttgart, 1993, p.86 ss. (forme 11, I), pp.235-237, no.1588, pl.142.; cf. Van Ess, M. and Pedde, F., Uruk, Kleinfunde II, Mainz on Rhine, 1992, p.18, no.109, pl.19.

274

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

105


275

275 ‡

WESTERN ASIATIC PHIALE BOWL COLLECTION 1ST MILLENNIUM B.C. A mixed group of four copper-alloy phiale libation bowls comprising: one ribbed with fluted wall, everted rim and central omphalos; one with everted rim and plain body; one with a plain bowl with D-section wall, shallow c-section shoulder and rounded base; a lotiform bowl with plain everted rim. 5¾-7¼ in. (870 grams total, 14.5-18.5 cm). [4] £1,200 - 1,700 PROVENANCE:

Acquired in the 1970s-1980s. Private collection, thence by descent. Private collection since 1998.

106

276

276

LURISTAN STAFF FINIAL 13TH-6TH CENTURY B.C. A bronze staff finial with a tapering C-section body and coiled finial, quincunx of punched ring-and-dot motifs to the upper body and incised band of chevrons leading to the terminal on one face, repeated on the second face with the addition of ring-and-dot fill; rivet holes to join two halves of the body, lip to lower edge. 24⅜ in. (557 grams, 62 cm). [No Reserve] £600 - 800 PROVENANCE:

UK private collection before 2000. UK art market. Property of a London gentleman.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


277

277

WESTERN ASIATIC BELT BUCKLE GROUP WITH CALLIGRAPHY 13TH-16TH CENTURY A.D. A group of gilt bronze belt mounts and buckle elements, comprising five scalloped discs with central mounting hole and surrounding calligraphic ornament; a buckle plate with notched rectangular bar and openwork head, scalloped edges with ogival apex, central calligraphic panel with foliate motifs above and below. 1⅛ - 3⅝ in. (120 grams total, 28-92 mm). [6] £4,000 - 6,000 PROVENANCE:

278

Acquired between 1980-1990. Property of a London gentleman.

278

PALESTINIAN ARAMAIC MAGICAL DOCUMENT CIRCA 7TH CENTURY A.D. OR EARLIER An unrolled sheet-metal magical document with inscribed text in Aramaic. 2⅛ in. (1.41 grams, 54 mm). £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1979-1999. Private collection of the late Mr S.M., Mayfair, London, UK.

279

279

PALESTINIAN ARAMAIC MAGICAL DOCUMENT CIRCA 7TH CENTURY A.D. OR EARLIER An unrolled prayer roll of sub-cylindrical form, bearing Aramaic script to the outer face. 1⅝ in. (48.2 grams, 40 mm). £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1979-1999. Private collection of the late Mr S.M., Mayfair, London, UK.

280

ACHAEMENID MOSAIC GLASS KOHL POT 6TH-4TH CENTURY B.C. A core-formed polychrome opaque glass kohl bottle, composed of a tapering, square-section body, slightly convex base, rounded neck, rolled rim and a raised knop at each shoulder; a brown-black body decorated with a white feather pattern between bands of yellow and white, with alternating yellow, white and brown ropework design to the rim; accompanied by a custom-made display stand. 2⅞ in. (3⅜ in.) (20.2 grams total, 72 mm high (30.8 grams total, 86 mm high including stand)). £3,000 - 4,000 PROVENANCE:

From a royal Middle Eastern collection, acquired in the 1990s. Old collection label 12891YC, and 8512 and 12891YC to the stand.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

280

107


281

SASSANIAN CUT-GLASS BOWL 5TH-7TH CENTURY A.D. A carinated, U-shaped glass bowl decorated with a dense frieze of wheel-cut facets. 4⅛ in. (212 grams, 10.4 cm wide). £1,500 - 2,000 PROVENANCE:

London art market, 1989. Property of a London gentleman.

282

SASSANIAN CUT GLASS BOTTLE 3RD-7TH CENTURY A.D. A piriform glass bottle with trumpet-shaped neck, decorated with wheel-cut facets. 3½ in. (133 grams, 90 mm). £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

From a UK private collection, 1974. Property of a London gentleman.

281

283

FRAMED PERSIAN WATERCOLOUR PAINTING BY NEZAMI 17TH-18TH CENTURY A.D. A watercolour showing two figures seated facing in a landscape, beneath a tree, the older male figure reading from a book to the younger, possibly his son, gilt embellishments to their rich clothing and books, signed Nezami bottom left under the seated man; set in a reveal within a glazed wooden frame. 12¼ x 9¼ in. (503 grams, 31 x 23.5 cm). £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

Acquired on the UK art market, 1980s-1990s. The Woodbridge collection of Indo-Persian art.

284

FRAMED PERSIAN WATERCOLOUR PAINTING PAIR BY ASSAD IRANI EARLY 19TH CENTURY A.D. A pair of watercolours, each showing a nobleman standing right, leaning on a sword, concentric borders and gold-coloured stippleeffect, signed by an Iranian artist Assad Irani; both mounted in a reveal and a glazed wooden frame. 16½ x 12½ in. (2.45 kg total, each 42 x 32 cm). £400 - 600 282

PROVENANCE:

Acquired on the UK art market, 1980s-1990s. The Woodbridge collection of Indo-Persian art.

283

108

284

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


Chinese & Far Eastern Lots 285 - 313 Also see lots 1128 - 1267


285

285

LARGE CHINESE HORNED MYTHICAL BEAST SIXTEEN KINGDOMS, 304-439 A.D. A ceramic beast modelled standing, with a pig-like body and bestial head, paws and claws, its mouth ajar as it snuffles at the ground, feathered tail dangling between its hindlegs, wing-like plumes reaching from its shoulders to its rump, stag-like antlers reaching from its head along its neck; extensive remains of polychrome pigmentation. 15½ in. (18.1 kg, 39.5 cm high). £4,000 - 6,000 PROVENANCE:

From an important collection of Chinese art formed in the 1980-1990’s by a family living in Hong Kong. Accompanied by a positive original thermoluminescence analysis report no.CJ152522022 from Laboratory Kotalla. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11355-192730.

286

CHINESE PRANCING HORSE TANG DYNASTY, 618-907 A.D. A ceramic horse modelled in the round prancing on a rectangular base, right foreleg raised, with integral moulded saddle and saddlecloth, dressed mane and tail, painted bridle and crupper, naturalistic detailing to the head; remains of painted pigmentation. 17 in. (5.5 kg, 43 cm high). £3,000 - 4,000

286

PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1990s. West Country, UK, collection. Accompanied by a positive original thermoluminescence analysis report no. CJ82522022 by Laboratory Kotalla. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11356-192728.

287

CHINESE PRANCING HORSE TANG DYNASTY, 618-907 A.D. A ceramic horse modelled prancing, with naturalistic anatomical detailing, flowing mane, dressed tail, head lowered with mouth ajar, in a whinnying posture; remains of painted pigmentation including detailing to the eyes and eyelashes; standing on a rectangular base. 18¾ in. (7.05 kg, 47.5 cm high). £3,000 - 4,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1990s. West Country, UK, collection. Accompanied by a positive original thermoluminescence analysis report no.C122e81 from Oxford Authentication. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11357-192682.

287

LITERATURE:

Cf. The British Museum, museum number 1924,1112.1, for a similar style horse in a different posture.

110

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


288

288

CHINESE CAPARISONED HORSE NORTHERN WEI DYNASTY, 386-535 A.D. A ceramic figurine of a horse standing on a rectangular base; integral moulded saddle, saddlecloth, bells, plume and other accoutrements; painted bridle, mane and other detailing. 15⅛ in. (2.5 kg, 38.5 cm high). £3,000 - 4,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1990s. West Country, UK, collection. Accompanied by a positive original thermoluminescence analysis report no.C122e82 from Oxford Authentication. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11358-192684.

289

CHINESE HORSE WITH MUSICIAN TANG DYNASTY, 618-907 A.D. A ceramic equestrian figure modelled standing with mounted rider playing a drum, the horse with semi-naturalistic anatomical detailing, cropped mane, dressed tail, saddle and decorative saddle cloth; extensive remains of painted pigmentation; standing on an integral rectangular base. 15⅛ in. (2.7 kg, 38.5 cm high). £2,000 - 3,000

289

PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1990s. West Country, UK, collection. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11359-192667. LITERATURE:

Cf. The British Museum, museum number 1938,0524.114, for similar horses modelled in different poses.

290

LARGE CHINESE PRANCING HORSE TANG DYNASTY, 618-907 A.D. A terracotta caparisoned horse figure modelled prancing, standing on an integral rectangular base and with naturalistic anatomical detailing; remains of polychrome pigmentation. 21½ in. (13.6 kg, 54.5 cm high). £4,000 - 6,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1990s. West Country, UK, collection. Accompanied by a positive original thermoluminescence analysis report sample no. C122e83, from Oxford Authentication. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11360-192683. LITERATURE:

Cf. Prodan, M., The Art of The T'ang Potter, Thames and Hudson, 1960, for comparable examples in pls.I,VIII,XXIV and figs.26, 53, 54, 64.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

290

111


291

CHINESE DAPPLE GREY HORSE WITH LOWERED HEAD TANG DYNASTY, 618-907 A.D. A ceramic horse modelled in the round, standing with head and neck bent around to the left side of the body, wearing a saddle cloth, saddle and bridle, cropped mane and dappled coat. 16¾ in. (8.5 kg, 42.5 cm high). £3,000 - 4,000 PROVENANCE:

291

Acquired 1990s. West Country, UK, collection. Accompanied by positive thermoluminescence report no.30CM180321, issued by Laboratory Kotalla. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11361-192731. LITERATURE:

Cf. The Metropolitan Museum, accession number 25.20.4, for a horse of similar style in a different pose.

292

VERY LARGE CHINESE SADDLED HORSE TANG DYNASTY, 618-907 A.D. A large ceramic horse modelled in the round with naturalistic anatomical detailing, standing on a rectangular base, with ears pricked forwards, dressed tail, wearing saddle and saddle cloth decorated with elaborate polychrome stylised flowers, detailing to the eyes and eyelashes. 24⅝ in. (14.1 kg, 62.5 cm high). £3,000 - 4,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1990s. West Country, UK, collection. Accompanied by positive thermoluminescence report no.CJ162522022, issued by Laboratory Kotalla. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11362-192817. LITERATURE:

Cf. The British Museum, museum number 1938,0524.114, for a similar style of horse modelled in a different pose.

292

293

LARGE CHINESE STANDING HORSE HAN DYNASTY, 206 B.C.-220 A.D. A ceramic standing horse modelled with semi-naturalistic anatomical detailing, head held erect, mouth open in a whinnying gesture. 21⅝ in. (14.5 kg, 55 cm high). £1,500 - 2,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1990s. West Country, UK, collection. Accompanied by a positive original thermoluminescence analysis report no.31CM180321 from Laboratory Kotalla. LITERATURE:

Cf. Priestly & Ferraro, Chinese Art, Animals For The Afterlife, Han Dynasty (206 BC-AD 220), London, 2002, pp.25-26.

293

112

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


294

295

296 294

LARGE CHINESE FIGURE OF A FAWN TANG DYNASTY, 618-907 A.D. A ceramic model of a fawn or lamb standing with head erect, traces of pigment detailing. 23 in. (7.5 kg, 58.5 cm high). £3,000 - 4,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1990s. West Country, UK, collection. Accompanied by a positive original thermoluminescence analysis report sample no. C122f88, from Oxford Authentication. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11363-192804.

295

CHINESE HUNTER PAIR ON HORSEBACK TANG DYNASTY, 618-907 A.D. A pair of ceramic mounted hunters, each modelled with seminaturalistic anatomical detailing standing on rectangular bases, and extensive remains of painted pigmentation: one horse with a cropped mane, painted bridle, harness and decorative saddlecloth, prey animal slung behind saddle, rider in the saddle leaning forwards with one arm raised, hand in a gripping position forming a socket to accept a weapon or other object; one horse ornately caparisoned and with a flowing mane, a hunting hound straddling the horse in front of the mounted rider. 15⅜ in. (7.7 kg total, 39 cm high). £4,000 - 6,000

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1990s. West Country, UK, collection. Accompanied by a positive original thermoluminescence analysis report sample no. C122f85, from Oxford Authentication for one figure. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11364-193072. LITERATURE:

Cf. The British Museum, museum number 1938,0524.114, for similar horses modelled in a different pose.

296

CHINESE POLO PLAYER PAIR TANG DYNASTY, 618-907 A.D. A dynamic pair of ceramic polo player figures modelled in the round, riding galloping horses in vigorous poses, each a female in a robe with long sleeves and extensive remains of polychrome pigmentation, detailing to the harnesses and rider's garments; each with a custommade display stand, and housed in a custom-made presentation box covered in decorative fabric. 16¼ in. (19¼ x 15¼ x 8¼ in.) (6 kg total, 41 cm wide each (10.9 kg total, 49 x 39 x 21 cm each including box)). [2] £4,000 - 6,000 PROVENANCE:

West Country collection, 1990s. Both accompanied by positive thermoluminescence report nos.50CM180321 and 49CM180321 issued by Laboratory Kotalla. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11365-189764.

113


297

CHINESE MOUNTED MUSICIAN TANG DYNASTY, 618-907 A.D. A ceramic figurine of a horse and rider on a rectangular base; the horse standing with painted harness, bridle and saddle detailing; the integral rider in loose coat and riding boots, wearing a floppy cap and playing a p'i-p'a (Chinese lute). 15⅜ in. (2.65 kg, 39 cm high). £5,000 - 7,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1990s. West Country, UK, collection. Accompanied by a positive original thermoluminescence analysis report no.13CM180321 from Laboratory Kotalla. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11366-192805.

297

298

LARGE CHINESE LADY ON HORSE TANG DYNASTY, 618-907 A.D. A ceramic figure of a horsewoman modelled in the round; the horse in advancing pose with one foreleg raised, copious mane; the female rider with an upright posture, wearing an ankle-length coral-coloured robe with long bell sleeves, scooped shoulder panels and raised collar, hair piled in an elaborate bun; remains of pigment to the hair and footwear, face and other details. 19½ in. (3.4 kg, 49.5 cm). £2,500 - 3,500 PROVENANCE:

Ex West Country collection, Bath, Somerset, UK, 1970-2000s. Accompanied by a positive thermoluminescence analysis report, sample no.C121m34 from Oxford Authentication. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11367-189790.

299

CHINESE HORSE AND RIDER FIGURE TANG DYNASTY, 618-907 A.D. A ceramic horse standing on a tapering rectangular base, mounted by a rider in a dynamic pose, hands made into fists and one arm raised above the head, modelled with stylised anatomical detailing; remains of polychrome pigmentation. 13⅜ in. (2.3 kg, 34 cm high). £2,500 - 3,500

298

PROVENANCE:

With Po Yuen Tong, Hong Kong. Acquired in Hong Kong, 2005. Property of a Manchester, UK, collector. Accompanied by a positive original thermoluminescence analysis report no.C122f37 from Oxford Authentication. Accompanied by a copy of a certificate of authenticity from Po Yuen Tong. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11368-192375. LITERATURE:

Cf. Prodan, M., The Art of The Tang Potter, Thames and Hudson, London, 1960, p.98 and pl.70, for similar; cf. Los Angeles County Museum of Art, The Quest For Eternity Chinese Ceramic Sculptures From The People's Republic of China, London, 1988, pp.134, for similar.

299

114

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


300

CHINESE HORSE AND RIDER FIGURE GROUP HAN DYNASTY, 206 B.C.-220 A.D. A ceramic horse and separately modelled rider figure; horse standing with head erect and facing forwards, ears pricked, mouth slightly ajar, cropped mane and semi-naturalistic anatomical detailing; the rider facing forwards with one leg either side of the horse's body; remains of polychrome pigmentation; socket to receive the absent tail. 16 in. (3.15 kg total, 40.5 cm high). £500 - 700 PROVENANCE:

Ex UK collection, acquired in the 1990s.

301

CHINESE CAMEL WITH RIDER TANG DYNASTY, 618-907 A.D.

300

A terracotta Bactrian camel modelled in the round advancing on a polygonal base, head tossed backwards and mouth open exposing the animal's teeth and tongue, tail flying away from the body, saddled with a camel bag decorated with beast heads, rider staring into the distance whilst playing a set of pipes held in his right hand, the left held lower with hand making a fist to grip reins; remains of polychrome pigmentation. 20⅛ in. (6.15 kg, 51.5 cm high). £4,000 - 6,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1990s. West Country, UK, collection. Accompanied by a positive original thermoluminescence analysis report no.CJ22522022 from Laboratory Kotalla. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11369-192727. FOOTNOTES:

Camels symbolised the prosperity of the Silk Route—trade routes between China, Europe, and the Middle East—because they were the main form of transportation in the caravans. A popular theme for Tang court painters and sculptors was that of foreign ambassadors submitting tribute to the emperor. Diplomatic missions and the concomitant opulent offerings were an important medium of international exchange. In the dynasty’s first decades, the Tang expanded control north and east to Goguryeo and Baekje in Manchuria and the Korean peninsula, north to the steppes of Mongolia, west to the deserts and oases of Central Asia, and south to parts of the present-day provinces of Guangxi, Yunnan, and northern Vietnam. These and other kingdoms sent staples and exotica: lions from Persia and rhinoceroses from the kingdom of Champa in south and central Vietnam, hawks from the Korean peninsula, ostriches sent by Western Turks, sandalwood from the Indonesian archipelago, cardamom from the coast of the Malay peninsula, indigo from Samarkand, and wool from Tibet. Even entertainers such as musicians, dancers, and performers, as depicted on this piece, were presented as gifts. As is evident in tomb paintings and figurines, international trade whetted a taste for striking and sumptuous fashions among the Tang elite. Leopard-skin hats and close-fitting sleeves, imitating the clothing of Central Asians and Persians to the west, were popular in the mid-8th century. High boots, practical for riding, were worn by both men and women, as were short tunics.

301

302

CHINESE STANDING CAMEL TANG DYNASTY, 618-907 A.D. A ceramic Bactrian camel modelled in the round, standing on an integral rectangular base, head held aloft, with semi-naturalistic detailing to mouth, head, eyes, mane, tail and feet; the saddle painted between the humps, decorated with foliate pattern; traces of red, black and brown pigment. 15 in. (2.8 kg, 38 cm high). £1,500 - 2,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1980s-1990s. Collection of M. Cummings, Lincolnshire, UK. Accompanied by a copy of a positive original thermoluminescence analysis report no.C122f95 from Oxford Authentication. LITERATURE:

Cf. The Empress Place, The Silk road, Treasures of Tang China, Singapore, 1991, figs.26, 27, 81.

302

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

115


303

CHINESE COURTLY LADY TANG DYNASTY, 618-907 A.D. A terracotta figure of a lady in floor-length courtly dress decorated with a hand fan and floral print, hands held within voluminous sleeves at her chest, presenting a small lidded box; remains of polychrome pigmentation. 15⅞ in. (2.6 kg, 40.5 cm high). £2,500 - 3,500 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1990s. West Country, UK, collection. Accompanied by a positive original thermoluminescence analysis report no.CJ142522022 from Laboratory Kotalla. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11370-192729. LITERATURE:

Cf. Prodan, M., The Art of The Tang Potter, London, 1960, pls.30 and 34, for similar examples.

303

304

304

CHINESE KNEELING FIGURE HAN DYNASTY, 206 B.C.-220 A.D. A ceramic figure of a female kneeling, wearing a floor-length robe and moon slippers, the hands enclosed in the concertinaed folds of the sleeves, long hair gathered in knot to the rear. 17 in. (7.5 kg, 43 cm high). £2,000 - 3,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1990s. West Country, UK, collection. Accompanied by a positive original thermoluminescence analysis report no.C122e85 from Oxford Authentication. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11371-192659.

305

CHINESE STANDING ATTENDANT HAN DYNASTY, 206 B.C.-220 A.D. A earthenware attendant figure modelled standing, wearing a floorlength courtly robe, arms folded within sleeves at the waist, stylised facial features; remains of polychrome pigmentation. 22 in. (6.1 kg, 56 cm high). £1,500 - 2,000 PROVENANCE:

305

Acquired 1990s. West Country, UK, collection. Accompanied by a positive original thermoluminescence analysis report sample no.C122e80 from Oxford Authentication. LITERATURE:

Cf. The Metropolitan Museum, accession number 2000.662.1a, b, for similar.

306

CHINESE DYNASTY ARCHER HAN DYNASTY, 206 B.C.-220 A.D. An earthenware archer figure modelled in a dynamic standing posture drawing his bow (now absent), stylised facial detailing; surviving polychrome pigmentation. 13 2/8 in. (1.9 kg, 34 cm high). £500 - 700 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1990s. West Country, UK, collection.

306

116

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


307

308 307

CHINESE NEOLITHIC EPIGRAPHIC JAR

309 308

CHINESE PAINTED NEOLITHIC JAR

4TH MILLENNIUM B.C.

3RD MILLENNIUM B.C.

A highly important ceramic jar with piriform body, tall tubular neck, everted rim to the mouth and two integral loop handles below the shoulder, decorated with a dense painted ornamental scheme; exhibiting in multiple iterations the archaic Chinese pictogram tian for field in Banpo script, the earliest form of writing in China. 12⅜ in. (2.3 kg, 31.5 cm high). £5,000 - 7,000

A ceramic jar with piriform body, bulbous neck, everted rim and two integral loop handles below the shoulder, decorated with a medial band of painted scallops below a solid painted shoulder with reserved pellets, zigzags and other detailing. 12⅜ in. (2.55 kg, 31.5 cm high). £500 - 700

PROVENANCE:

From Gansu. Ex private collection Ascona, Switzerland, 1965. Ex Martin Schøyen collection. Accompanied by a copy of the Schøyen collection entry no.MS 3024/2. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11372-192662. LITERATURE:

See Keightley, David. N., The Origins of Writing in China: Scripts and Cultural Contexts in Senner, W. M., The Origins of Writing University of Nebraska Press, 1989. FOOTNOTES:

The Martin Schøyen collection is a unique curated assemblage of written 'documents' of all kinds from around the world including manuscripts, scrolls and epigraphic items. There is no comparable collection of such variety geographically, linguistically, textually, and in terms of scripts, writing materials, etc., over such a great span of time as five millennia.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1990s. West Country, UK, collection.

309

CHINESE ATTENDANT PROCESSION WITH SEDAN CHAIR AND MUSICIAN MING DYNASTY, 1368-1644 A.D. A procession of six glazed ceramic figures: four attendant figures, each modelled in the round standing on a rectangular base, wearing a robe, boots and conical hat, one hand positioned to support the carrying arms of a sedan chair; one musician figure; a sedan chair with removeable figure seated within. 7½ - 7⅝ in. (3.4 kg total, 1919.5 cm). [6] £700 - 900 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1990s. West Country, UK, collection.

117


310

CHINESE CIZHOU WARE LADY ATTENDANT FIGURINES JIN DYNASTY, CIRCA 12TH-MID 13TH CENTURY A.D. A charming pair of Cizhou stoneware lady attendant figurines with white slip and iron pigments, each with similar hairstyles and dressed in long robes, the features picked out in original brown, black and green pigments. 4¾ in. (185 grams total, 12.2 cm each). [2] £400 - 600

310

PROVENANCE:

Hong Kong private collection. Asian Art KCS gallery, London, UK. LITERATURE:

Cf. The Dr. Paul Singer Collection of Chinese Art of the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, accession no. S2012.9.3097.

311

CHINESE 'THE DESMOND MORRIS' TOWER WITH FIGURES HAN DYNASTY, 206 B.C.-220 A.D. A glazed ceramic model tower in four separate tiers each with braced and ribbed awnings, a rectangular doorway with ornamental panel above, two dragon-head ornamental guardians(?) and pitched roof with transverse lobe finials; group of six glazed ceramic seated figures. 34 in. (6.9 kg total, 86 cm total). £4,500 - 6,500 PROVENANCE:

From the celebrated personal collection of art formed by the famous anthropologist, artist, and television presenter Desmond Morris. Desmond Morris, author of The Naked Ape, Manwatching, The Naked Eye, and countless other books concerning human and animal behaviour, a professional zoologist, surrealist artist, lecture and television celebrity, has been an avid collector of ancient art; his collection of Cypriot art was sold at Christie's in 2001. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11373-193059.

312

VIETNAMESE GOLD OC EO EARRING PAIR 9TH CENTURY A.D. A matching pair of gold earrings, each composed of a lozengeshaped, lentoid-section body with three octahedron finials; held in a custom-made and lined presentation box. 1½ in. (21.02 grams total, 38-40 mm). [2] £4,000 - 6,000

311

PROVENANCE:

Acquired by Mr. Ellsworth Bunker, former ambassador to South Vietnam, circa 1950s-1960s, thence by decent. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11374-191967.

313

CHINESE ORDOS BULL MOUNT PAIR 6TH-2ND CENTURY B.C. A pair of rectangular openwork plaques with two attachment loops to the reverse, comprising: one displaying a bull standing left within a 'barley' border following a circular attachment loop at one end, head down, tail between legs, detailing to horns, head and hooves; one with bull standing right within a 'barley' border, head down, detailing to horns, head and hooves. 2¼ in. (70.2 grams total, 56-59 mm). [2] £1,000 - 1,400

312

PROVENANCE:

Acquired before the early 1970s. Ex London, UK, gallery. Property of a London gentleman.

313

118

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


India & Region Lots 314 - 326 Also see lots 1268 - 1331


314

315

314

INDIAN TERRACOTTA FASTING HERMIT GUPTA DYNASTY, 4TH-6TH CENTURY A.D. A large terracotta fragment displaying a fasting hermit in deep relief, stylised facial detailing, matted hair and beard, attenuated torso, seemingly tentatively and wearily moving to his left; mounted on a custom-made display base with Bonham's lot sticker. 9⅞ in. (4.19 kg total, 25 cm high including stand). £600 - 800 PROVENANCE:

Italian private collection, 1970s. John Eskenazi Ltd, 1982. With Bonhams, New York, 18 September 2013, 66.

315

GANDHARAN OFFERING DISH WITH ACANTHUS LEAVES SURROUNDING A DAMPATI 2ND-3RD CENTURY A.D. A shallow ceramic offering dish divided into four semi-circular recesses by a central quatrefoil with bifurcated arms, framing an animated dampati, stylised acanthus leaves to each recess, concentric ribs around the rim; accompanied by a custom-made display stand. 3¾ in. (5⅜ in.) (129 grams, 95 mm wide (253 grams total, 13.5 cm high including stand)). £500 - 700 PROVENANCE:

UK collection, 1990s.

316 ‡

GANDHARAN SCHIST HEAD OF BODHISATTVA 2ND-4TH CENTURY A.D. 316

A schist bodhisattva head with nimbus decorated with concentric arcs of geometric motifs, texture to hair, extended earlobes and seminaturalistic facial features; accompanied by a custom-made display stand. 8 in. (2.6 kg total, 20.5 cm high including stand). [No Reserve] £600 - 800 PROVENANCE:

From the collection of Dr Gunter Wiedner, Bayern, Germany, 1980s-2015. Property of a French collector.

317

VERY LARGE BALOCHISTAN PAINTED BOWL 4TH-2ND MILLENNIUM B.C. A very large carinated bowl with curved, D-section upper body, shallow neck and everted foot, the upper body painted with two parallel friezes of geometric shapes between concentric bands. 17 in. (4.65 kg, 43 cm wide). £600 - 800 PROVENANCE:

317

120

Acquired from C. J. Martin, 2008. Private collection of Dr Bron Lipkin, Collector Antiquities, UK. With Collector Antiquities, London, UK. Private collection of Professor Kenneth Graham, London, UK. Accompanied by a copy of the Collector Antiquities invoice and certificate of authenticity.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


318

318

GANDHARAN DECORATIVE PLAQUE WITH BUDDHA AND BEASTS 2ND-4TH CENTURY A.D. A rectangular openwork plaque displaying two central grappling beasts and a Buddha figure within an arched niche, birds in the field. 6⅞ in. (503 grams, 17.5 cm). £500 - 700 PROVENANCE:

Acquired on the European art market circa 2000. Private British collection, London, UK, early 2000's.

319

GANDHARAN FEARLESS BUDDHA SHAKYAMUNI ON COLUMNED PLINTH CIRCA 2ND CENTURY A.D. OR LATER

319

A bronze Buddha kyamuni figure modelled in the round standing bare-footed on an architectural plinth, wearing a shin-length garment, ushnisha to head, hands in the abhaya mudr of fearlessness; pierced lug to reverse; ‘Buckingham Collection’ label to verso. 10⅞ in. (1.1 kg, 27.5 cm high). [No Reserve] £6,000 - 8,000 PROVENANCE:

Dr Paul Singer, New Jersey, USA, 1995. ‘Buckingham Collection’, the late Nik Douglas (1944-2012), renowned author, curator and Asian art expert. Accompanied by a copy of the relevant ‘Out of Uddiyana’ exhibition catalogue pages: Exhibition catalogue cat.no.GMB027, p.131; and no.237, p.71. Accompanied by a copy of Nik Douglas' catalogue page #075 with provenance and price of US$220,000.00. LITERATURE:

Cf. The Zhiguan Museum of Fine Art, Treasures of Himalayan Art, Sakyamuni, Gandhara, bronze, 4th-5th century, height 44 cm, ZG 1 001, for similar. PUBLISHED:

Tibet House, An Exhibition at Tibet House New York from the Buckingham Collections, New York, cat.no.GMB027, p.131.

320

GANDHARAN FEARLESS BUDDHA SHAKYAMUNI 2ND-3RD CENTURY A.D. OR LATER A bronze figure of Buddha kyamuni modelled in the round standing bare-footed on a double lotus flower podium, wearing a robe, ushnisha to the head, stylised facial features and hands in the abhaya mudr of fearlessness; pierced lug to reverse. 11⅝ in. (1.72 kg, 29.5 cm high). [No Reserve] £8,000 - 10,000 PROVENANCE:

Japanese private collection, 1971. Acquired through K. Takegami, Tokyo, Japan. ‘Buckingham Collection’, the late Nik Douglas (1944-2012), renowned author, curator and Asian art expert. Accompanied by a copy of the relevant ‘Out of Uddiyana’ exhibition catalogue pages: Exhibition catalogue cat.no.GMB033, p.133; and no.234, p.71. Accompanied by a copy of Nik Douglas' catalogue page #093 with provenance and price of US$180,000.00. PUBLISHED:

320

Tibet House, An Exhibition at Tibet House New York from the Buckingham Collections, New York, cat.no.GMB033, p.133 and no.234.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

121


321

GANDHARAN BUDDHA MEDITATING ON LION THRONE LATE 2ND CENTURY A.D. OR LATER A Buddha figure modelled in the round meditating on a lotus flower base adorned with two lion figures, wearing a robe and with ushnisha; unfinished; ‘Buckingham Collection’ label to the interior. 7½ in. (2.7 kg, 19 cm high). [No Reserve] £4,000 - 6,000 PROVENANCE:

321

Tom Harney, through Oxus, London, UK, 1967. ‘Buckingham Collection’, the late Nik Douglas (1944-2012), renowned author, curator and Asian art expert. Accompanied by a copy of the relevant ‘Out of Uddiyana’ exhibition catalogue pages including an image of this lot featured in one of the display cases (p.174): Exhibition catalogue cat.no.GMB016, p.41, fig.115 & 116. Accompanied by a copy of Nik Douglas' catalogue page #059 with provenance and price of US$75,000.00. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11377-191877. PUBLISHED:

Tibet House, An Exhibition at Tibet House New York from the Buckingham Collections, New York, cat.no.GMB016, p.41, fig.115 & 116.

322

GANDHARAN SEATED BUDDHA SHAKYAMUNI PREACHING ON LION THRONE CIRCA 3RD CENTURY A.D. OR LATER A bronze shrine or altar featuring Buddha kyamuni seated crosslegged on a throne supported by two stylised lions sporting long manes, lotus petals below, hands seemingly held in dharmacakrapravartana mudr , flaming aureole behind his head, animals and mythical creatures adorning the trilobate hollow-formed backing; pierced suspension lug to reverse; ‘Buckingham Collection’ label to verso. 7⅞ in. (1.88 kg, 20 cm high). [No Reserve] £8,000 - 10,000 PROVENANCE:

322

Miangul Aukun Wali, London, UK, 1975 ‘Buckingham Collection’, the late Nik Douglas (1944-2012), renowned author, curator and Asian art expert. Accompanied by a copy of the relevant ‘Out of Uddiyana’ exhibition catalogue pages: Exhibition catalogue cat.no.GMB028, p.131. Accompanied by a copy of Nik Douglas' catalogue page #076 with provenance and price of US$360,000.00. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11378-191879. PUBLISHED:

Tibet House, An Exhibition at Tibet House New York from the Buckingham Collections, New York, cat.no.GMB028, p.131.

323

GANDHARAN FLAMING CHALICE WITH SEATED BUDDHAS CIRCA 3RD CENTURY A.D. OR LATER A U-shaped vessel divided into two upper C-section bands and lower D-section bowl, with everted rim and collared and domed foot, frieze of stylised flower heads, Buddhas and flames shooting upwards from the base. 6¾ in. (1.3 kg, 17 cm high). [No Reserve] £2,000 - 3,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1960s to early 1970s. ‘Buckingham Collection’, the late Nik Douglas (1944-2012), renowned author, curator and Asian art expert. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11379-191882.

323

122

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


325

326

325

326

INDIAN M.F. HUSAIN PAINTING OF TAMING THE BEAST

INDIAN M.F. HUSAIN PAINTING WITH DANCERS HOLDING DOVES

20TH CENTURY A.D.

20TH CENTURY A.D.

A painting on canvas composed of fragmentary female forms wrestling with a beast; attributed to M.F. Husain top left, wooden frame applied to front face of canvas. 30 x 30½ in. (1.6 kg, 76.5 x 77.5 cm). £15,000 - 20,000

A large and vibrant painting on canvas showing two dancing female figures, each with a dove flying or about to fly from one hand; attributed to M.F. Husain top left; wooden frame. 36¼ x 36 2/3 in. (2.8 kg, 92.5 x 93 cm). £12,000 - 17,000

PROVENANCE:

Personal collection of Harmadar Singh Thind; thence by descent. From the private family collection of a West London gentleman. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11381-189828. FOOTNOTES:

Known for his works in a modified Cubist style, Husain's paintings were often narrative in nature.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

PROVENANCE:

Personal collection of Harmadar Singh Thind; thence by descent. From the private family collection of a West London gentleman. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11382-189827. FOOTNOTES:

Known for his works in a modified Cubist style, Husain's (1911-2011) paintings were often narrative in nature.

123


Arms & Armour Lots 327 - 364 Also see lots 1332 - 1449


327 ‡

SOUTH ITALIC GREEK PILOS HELMET WITH GORGONEION LATE 4TH CENTURY B.C. A bronze helmet of Pilos type, conical in shape, comprising a thick hammered bowl fitted with a broad rim offset by carinated lip, a pair of holes to the top for insertion of a separately-made crest or plume; a pair of holes to each side for the attachment of cheek-pieces; on the front a tondo appliqué representing a facing gorgoneion; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 9⅛ in. (12⅝ in. including stand) (921 grams, 23.2cm high (2.4 kg total, 32 cm high including stand)). £20,000 - 30,000 PROVENANCE:

Ex Johannes Hager, Southwest Germany, acquired between 1927-1935. Acquired by the current owner, Germany, 1983. Anonymous sale, Christie’s New York, 8 June 2012, lot 88. Accompanied by copies of the relevant Christie's catalogue pages. Accompanied by an academic report by military specialist Dr. Raffaele D'Amato. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11383-190177. LITERATURE:

Cf. Waurick, G., 'Der Pilos-Typ' in Antike Helme, RGZM Monographien 14, Mainz, 1988, pp.151-158, spec. no.48, p.437; Connolly, P., Greece and Rome at war, London, 1981, pp.66,70; Sekunda, N., The ancient Greeks, Armies of Classical Greece 5th and 4th centuries BC, London, 1986, pp.25-26, 30-31, 47-48, 56-57, pls.F,G,H; Christie's, The Axel Guttmann Collection of Ancient Arms and Armour, part 1, London, 2002, pp.92-93, 95 nos.75 and 78; Christie's, The Axel Guttmann Collection of Ancient Arms and Armour, part 2, London,

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

2004, p.102, no.108; Hixenbaugh, R., Ancient Greek Helmets, a complete guide and catalogue, New York, 2019, figs.H185ff.; many examples of similar helmets appeared in the Guttman collection (AG 164, AG 291/H 69, AG 408/H 348, AG 527/H 179, AG 571/H 191) often showing the same broad rim dividing ridge; the British Museum, museum number 1865,1214.16, for similar. PUBLISHED:

Hixenbaugh, R., Ancient Greek Helmets, a complete guide and catalogue, New York, 2019, H273, p.536. FOOTNOTES:

This type of helmet (called bell-helmet by Connolly, 1981, p.70), named pilos after the Greek felt cap (in the Laconian shape, but distinguished from the cap by the noticeable point and the shape of the rim), had a conical shape and was pointed or rounded at the top. Its introduction was linked with the lightening of the hoplite equipment, and very soon the open face pilos helmet replaced the closed Corinthian helmet. The helmet was widespread in the Greek and Mediterranean world since the last quarter of the 5th century B.C. (at least 430420 B.C., see the Attic red-figure of the Dinos Painter, Christies, 2002, p.73), and was widely used by continental Greeks, South Italian Greeks and Italic people, Etruscans, and even Romans. The variants are many and Waurick’s distinction between Italic, Greek and undetermined origin is today a subject of review. The helmet here seems to be a variant from Magna Graecia, widespread among the Campanian and Samnite warriors, as visible for example on the Paestum frescoes and on various pottery items (Christies, 2004, p.105 no.111). The central Gorgoneion mask appliqué is visible on similar pilos helmets from the Guttmann collection (Christies, 2004, p.104, no.110; p.106, nos.113 and 114).

125


328

URARTIAN HELMET WITH SERPENTS 8TH-7TH CENTURY B.C. A broad, conical bronze Urartian or Assyrian helmet hammered from a single sheet, the front with a raised abstract linear motif, three circumferential ribs above the brim, the arched ribs on the front with round terminals shaped as stylised snake heads and arranged in groups of three, forming linear motifs which simultaneously represent apotropaic eyebrows, flanking a central rib running down from the apex of the helmet and terminating with a stylised animal head; pierced holes to the sides for fastening a leather lining and cheekpieces; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 12 in. (17 in.) (544 grams, 30.5 cm high (1.9 kg total, 43 cm high including stand)). £10,000 - 14,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired before 1972. Formerly with a central London gallery. Property of a London gentleman. Accompanied by an academic report by Dr. Raffaele D'Amato. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11384-191981. LITERATURE:

Cf. Barnett R.D., Watson, W., ‘Russian Excavations in Armenia’ in Iraq, vol.14, no.2, pls.XXXII,2; Calmeyer, P., Datierbare Bronzen aus Luristan und

126

Kirmanshah, Berlin, 1969, p.88 (B), fig.90; Borchardt, J., Homerische Helme: Helmenformen der Ág is in ihren Beziehungen zu orientalischen und europäischen Helmen in der Bronze-und frühen Eisenzeit, Mainz, 1972, pp.103ff., fig.9, p.107, 10-12, p.108; pl.34,4; Born H., Seidl U., Schutzwaffen aus Assyrien und Urartu, Sammlung Axel Guttmann IV, Mainz, 1995, figs.1-4, 40,96, pls.II, IV-V (AG 424,504); Dezs , T., Oriental Influence in the Aegean and Eastern Mediterranean, Helmet traditions in the 9th-7th Centuries B.C.: the Patterns of Orientalisation (British Archaeological Reports,S691), Oxford, 1998; Christie’s, The art of the warfare, the Axel Guttmann collection, Part II, Wednesday 28 April 2004, London, 2004, pp.38-39 no.39; Gorelik, M., Weapons of Ancient East, IV millennium BC-IV century BC, Saint Petersburg (2003) in Russian, pl.LXI, nn.88-89-90. FOOTNOTES:

Our helmet presents strong similarity with a specimen from Kurdistan, North of Kirmanshah and South of Saqqiz (Borchard, 1972, fig.9, p.107), and could be collocated to type III of the Urartian helmets according the classification of Borchard. This category is oriented towards the shape of the various Assyrian spiked helmets, and Barrett and Watson classified these helmets as of Assyrian type (Barnett & Watson, 1952, p.143). In the 8th and especially in the 7th century B.C., sphero-conical helmets of Assyrian type spread to Urartu and are archaeologically represented by a large quantity of specimens (Gorelik, 2003, Pl. LXI, 77, 85-92). Sometimes they differ from the Assyrian ones having an exaggeratedly long top.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


329

330

329

330

URARTIAN BRONZE HELMET WITH INCISED INSIGNIA

ASSYRIAN HELMET WITH INSIGNIA

EARLY 8TH CENTURY B.C.

8TH CENTURY B.C.

A Urartian or Assyrian broad hammered bronze helmet of conical form with high pointed apex, the front with a raised linear motif comprising two encircling ribs above the brim; to the front an incised image of winged sun; pierced holes to the sides for fastening rings for supporting cheek-pieces. 10¼ in. (681 grams, 26 cm high). £4,000 - 6,000

An Assyrian or Levantine domed bronze helmet of ovoid shape with slightly pointed top and integral cheek-pieces; chased low-relief decoration to both front and back depicting a pair of opposing ibexes flanking a small palm tree; the edge with regularly disposed holes for fastening of the leather lining. 9 in. (458 grams, 23 cm high). £3,000 - 4,000

PROVENANCE:

PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1960s-1990s. Late Alison Barker collection, a retired London barrister. Accompanied by an academic report by Dr Raffaele D'Amato. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11385-190448.

Acquired 1960s-1990s. Late Alison Barker collection, a retired London barrister. Accompanied by an academic report by Dr. Raffaele D'Amato. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11386-190447.

LITERATURE:

LITERATURE:

Cf. Calmeyer, P., Datierbare Bronzen aus Luristan und Kirmanshah, Berlin, 1969, p.89; Borchardt, J., Homerische Helme: Helmenformen der Ág is in ihren Beziehungen zu orientalischen und europäischen Helmen in der Bronze-und frühen Eisenzeit, Mainz, 1972, fig.12; Born H., Seidl U., Schutzwaffen aus Assyrien und Urartu, Sammlung Axel Guttmann IV, Mainz, 1995, fig.27, p.28; Christie’s, The art of the warfare, the Axel Guttmann collection, Part II, Wednesday 28 April 2004l, London, 2004 nos.39, 46; Dezs , T., Oriental influence in the Aegean and Eastern Mediterranean Helmet Traditions in the 9th-7th centuries B.C.: The Pattern of Orientalization, (British Archaeological Reports, S691), Oxford, 1998; other parallel in Gorelik, M., Weapons of Ancient East, IV millennium BC-IV century BC, Saint Petersburg (2003) in Russian, pl.LXI, no.86, from the surroundings of Karmin Blur (Teishebaini).

Cf. Barron, A.E., Late Assyrian Arms and Armour, Art versus Artefact, Toronto, 2010; Borchardt, J., Homerische Helme: Helmenformen der Ág is in ihren Beziehungen zu orientalischen und europäischen Helmen in der Bronze-und frühen Eisenzeit, Mainz, 1972, p.99 and pls.31, 32, 3; Gorelik, M., Weapons of Ancient East, IV millennium BC-IV century BC, Saint Petersburg (2003) in Russian; Dezs , T., The Assyrian Army, I. The structure of the Neo-Assyrian army as reconstructed from the Assyrian Palace Reliefs and Cuneiform Sources, 2. Cavalry and Chariotry, Budapest, 2012; similar helmets in Gorelik, 2003, pl.LXI, nos.45, 48, 78.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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331 331

332

LURISTAN SHIELD BOSS

LURISTAN STEPPED SHIELD

CIRCA 1000-800 B.C.

8TH CENTURY B.C.

A hammered bronze Luristan or Amlash shield with repoussé decoration and a central low spiked boss surrounded by bands of raised geometric motifs and punched dots; eight flaring arms to the outer edge, each decorated with similar motifs; mounted on a velvetcovered display stand. 18 in. (1.8 kg total, 46 cm diameter including stand). £3,000 - 4,000

A hammered discoid shield raised from a single copper-alloy sheet, displaying a central conoid boss surrounded by five concentric stepped tiers; two pairs of circular piercings to the perimeter; accompanied by a custom-made display stand. 21½ in. (1.35 kg total, 54.5 cm high including stand). [No Reserve] £700 - 900

PROVENANCE:

London art market, 1990s. Ex London gallery. Accompanied by an academic report by military specialist Dr. Raffaele D'Amato. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11387-192735.

PROVENANCE:

UK private collection before 2000. UK art market. Property of a London gentleman. Accompanied by an academic report by military specialist Dr. Raffaele D'Amato. LITERATURE:

Cf. Bailey, H.W., ‘ riana. Dress and Equipment,’ in Orientalia Suecana 4, 1955; Abaev, V.I., Istoriko-ètimologicheski slovar’osetinskogo yazyka (Historicaletymological dictionary of the Ossetic language), vol. III, Moscow, 1989; Melikian-Chirvani, A.S., ‘Iranian Sun Shield’ in Bulletin of the Asia Institute, N. S., 6, 1992-1993; Christie's, The Axel Guttmann Collection of Ancient Arms and Armour, part 2, London, 2004; Khorasani, M.M., ‘Bronze and iron weapons from Luristan’ in Antiguo Oriente: Cuadernos del Centro de Estudios de Historia del Antiguo Oriente 7, 2009.

Cf. Christie's, The Axel Guttmann Collection of Ancient Arms and Armour, part 1, London, 2002, p.22, no.16; Overlaet, B., ‘The chronology of the Iron Age in the Pusht-I Kuh, Luristan’ in Iranica Antiqua, vol.XL, 2005, pl.13, no.14, for the recent find of a similar shield; Ayazi, S., Disc-Headed Bronze Pins from Luristan: A Symbol of Ancient Iran’s Past, Tübingen, 2008; Moshtagh Khorasani, M., ‘Bronze and iron weapons from Luristan’ in Antiguo Oriente: Cuadernos del Centro de Estudios de Historia del Antiguo Oriente, 7, 2009, pp.185-216, for discussion on the production of such weapons; a similar round bronze shield datable to the 8th century B.C., was part of the famous Axel Guttmann collection.

FOOTNOTES:

FOOTNOTES:

LITERATURE:

A similar round bronze shield - datable to the 10th century B.C., was found in Luristan. This shield (Melikian-Chirvani, 1992-1993, pp.6-8, fig.2) has a skirting along the edge (openwork border), an umbo in the centre, with relief depictions of fantastic creatures, like our specimen. This embossed shield also finds a good parallel in a specimen from North Iran preserved at the University of Missouri Museum of Art & Archaeology, and with a specimen from the Axel Guttmann collection (Christie's, 2004, cat.no.41, pp.36-37). Like some of the shields found in Luristan, this one presents an openwork border.

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These kind of shields, of small dimensions, were used by infantry or horsearchers of Luristan and neighbouring cultures (Elamites, Zagros Tribesmen, like Hurrians, Lullubians, Kutians, and Kassites, Assyrians), as well as by Urartu, West-Iranian and Northern Caucasian civilizations around the Caspian Sea. The rich and noble aristocrats of the Luristan, Elamites, Hurrians, Lullubians, Kutians, and Cassites, went to battle splendidly equipped and used magnificent defensive equipment made from bronze.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


333

URARTIAN CUIRASS BELT WITH HUNTING SCENES 8TH-7TH CENTURY B.C. A broad hammered bronze belt or cuirass band decorated in chased low relief, the spectacular decoration disposed in four horizontal registers, divided by five vertical embossed clusters of pellets and rosettes; within the horizontal registers figure of leaping lions and bulls alternating with warriors hunting them from war-chariots; one end with a panel comprising three lions on a field of palmettes, the other end with a panel of winged bulls and gryphons; the edges perforated for the fastening to a leather lining, one bronze ring still in situ to one end; mounted on a perspex backing. 42⅛ in. (2.3 kg total, 1.07 m long including backing). £12,000 - 17,000 PROVENANCE:

LITERATURE:

Cf. Есаян. С. А., ‘Погребения VI-V вв. до н. э. в горах Шамшадина’ (Esayan, S.A., Burials of the VI-V centuries BC e. in the mountains of Shamshadin) in СА, 1965, 3, pp.229-232; Born H., Seidl U., Schutzwaffen aus Assyrien und Urartu, Sammlung Axel Guttmann IV, Mainz, 1995, AG230, AG231, AG502; Gorelik, M., Weapons of Ancient East, IV millennium BC-IV century BC, Saint Petersburg, 2003, in Russian. FOOTNOTES:

Protective belts in the Caucasus were very popular, especially among Urartians, whose warriors were buried with their belt-cuirasses. The early examples of such belt-cuirasses appeared in Middle East at the beginning of the first millennium B.C., introducing an original fixing system. Instead of simple ties: a hook was first sewn separately to one end of the belt. Later it became part of a massive bronze buckle furnished with a circular ring.

Acquired between 1980-1990. Property of a London gentleman. Accompanied by an academic report by military specialist Dr. Raffaele D'Amato. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11388-193225.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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334

LURISTAN 'COTTON REEL' POMMEL SWORD 13TH-6TH CENTURY B.C. A bronze sword with a broad double-edged blade with a central ridge on both sides, square bronze hilt with goblet-shaped pommel surmounted by a disc. 20 in. (725 grams, 51 cm). £700 - 900 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1980-2015. Ex Abelita family collection. LITERATURE:

Cf. Vahdati, A.A., 'Marlik and Toul-E Talish: a dating problem' in Iranica Antiqua, vol.XLII, 2007, pp.125-138, figs.2, 6, 9, 10. FOOTNOTES:

Bimetallic swords (some examples are entirely cast in iron and others entirely cast in bronze) with disc pommel, slender cylindrical grip and tapering blades of this type are among the commonest types of daggers / swords in Northern Iranian graveyards. This type has occasionally been referred to as 'cotton reel' pommel because below the flat circular pommel there is a second rather wide disc and a plain or incised cylindrical grip in between.

335

LURISTAN DOUBLE-EDGED SWORD 8TH-7TH CENTURY B.C. A copper-alloy sword with a massive double-edged blade, tripleridged on both sides with pronounced mid-rib; the blade separated from the hilt by a crescentic blade mount, rectangular openwork handle with offset indentations and a double pommel disc, the cap loose but secured with a later copper wire. 22⅝ in. (850 grams, 57.5 cm). £1,000 - 1,400 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1980-2015. Ex Abelita family collection. Accompanied by an archaeological report by military specialist Dr. Raffaele D'Amato.

334

LITERATURE:

See Gorelik, M., Weapons of Ancient East, IV millennium BC-IV century BC, Saint Petersburg (2003) in Russian, pl.XIV, no.38; Khorasani, M.M., Arms and Armour from Iran. The Bronze Age to the End of the Qajar Period, Tübingen, 2006; Khorasani, M.M., ‘Bronze and iron weapons from Luristan’ in Antiguo Oriente: Cuadernos del Centro de Estudios de Historia del Antiguo Oriente 7, 2009, for discussion.

336

NORTHERN IRANIAN SWORD LATE 2ND MILLENNIUM B.C. A bronze sword with a tapering blade and strong mid-rib, solid hilt and crescentic guard, ribbed grip and conical pommel. 22½ in. (840 grams, 57 cm). £700 - 900 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1980-2015. Ex Abelita family collection. LITERATURE:

335

Cf. Khorasani, M.M., Arms and Armour from Iran. The Bronze Age to the End of the Qajar Period, Tübingen, 2006, items 33-34-35. FOOTNOTES:

Moorey studied pommelled swords and attributed their production to northwestern Iran, dating them to the end of the 2nd millennium B.C. Dimensions of these swords varied from 49 cm (Khorasani, 2006, p.395) to 74 cm (sword in the Ashmolean Museum).

336

130

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


337

338

337

338

WESTERN ASIATIC COMB-BACKED AXEHEAD WITH LION

LARGE LURISTAN COMB-BACKED AXEHEAD

13TH-6TH CENTURY B.C.

LATE 2ND-EARLY 1ST MILLENNIUM B.C.

A bronze axehead with ribbed openwork socket terminating in a butt formed of four cones, the blade expanding from the mouth of a growling lion with a flowing mane; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 10½ in. (6¼ in.) (550 grams, 26.5 cm (1.36 kg total, 16 cm high including stand)). £1,800 - 2,400

A substantial bronze halberd-shaped axehead with long, narrow, subtriangular blade projecting from a flange, cutaway section at the base and a knob formed as a griffin head at the top of the flange, the shaft with five projecting ribs; accompanied by a custom-made display stand. 12⅜ in. (15 in.) (540 grams, 31.5 cm long (872 grams total, 38 cm high including stand)). £400 - 600

PROVENANCE:

Acquired before 1983. Ex London gallery, 1990s. LITERATURE:

Cf. Godard, F., The Art of Iran, London, 1965, item 99, for comparable; Moorey, P.R.S., Catalogue of the ancient Persian Bronzes in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, 1971, Pl.2, nos.14-16, items 51-52; cf. also Musée Cernuschi, Bronzes de Luristan, énigmes de l'Iran Ancien, IIIe-Ier millenaire av. J.C., Paris, 2008, p.44, fig.1,3; p.97, no.45, for similar types; cf. also The Metropolitan Museum, accession numbers 32.161.2 and 32.161.3, for comparable examples. FOOTNOTES:

It is difficult to know whether this type of axe, given its high decoration in some specimens, was used as a real weapon or just as symbol of rank and prestige, employed for ceremonial or cult purposes. Considering, however, that the concept of parade weapons did not exist in the surrounding areas, these axes were most probably used for both military and ceremonial purposes. It is interesting that a lion’s head motif appears as a decorative feature on many axe-heads, such as our specimen. The lion’s open jaws form the base of the axe head, and the blade is attached to this; the lion is a symbol intended to give the weapon the strength of the most powerful beasts of the animal kingdom.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

PROVENANCE:

Acquired in Iran 1967. Property of a central London gentleman. LITERATURE:

Cf. Muscarella, O.W., Bronze and Iron Ancient Near Eastern Artifacts in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1988, p.98, fig.161. FOOTNOTES:

This axe type is known from an example excavated in Marlik by Dr. Negahban in grave 26, and another from Kurvin. Various examples, held in in private collections, also have an animal head added to the outside of the blade. The cutaway and knob were intended to hold organic thongs that helped secure the blade to the shaft.

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SCYTHIAN SCALE ARMOUR COAT 6TH-5TH CENTURY B.C. The front of a scale armour coat composed of over five hundred overlapping bronze scales, each mounted onto a custom-made stand for purposes of display; the scales show to have formed different series, some having holes only in the upper part, some with three holes in the upper part and two holes to the left, and some showing three upper holes and one central hole. 31 in. (9.6 kg total, 79 cm high including stand). £6,000 - 8,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1971-1972. From the collection of the vendor's father. Property of a London, UK, collector. Accompanied by an academic report by military specialist Dr Raffaele D'Amato. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11389-192359. LITERATURE:

Cf. similar scales from Egypt, dated circa 590 B.C., in the Metropolitan Museum, discovered in the palace of Apries, accession no.09.183.7a–v; Chernenko, E.V., The Scythians 700-300 BC, Hong Kong, 1998, pp.7ff., pl.D & E; Лихачёва О.С.,

132

‘Elements of Scythian tradition in the complex of armament of the Altai foreststeppes population, in the 6th-3rd centuries B.C.’, in Russian Academy of science, The war and the military in the Scythian-Sarmatian world, Proceedings of International Scientific Conference in tribute to the memory of A.I. Melyukova (Kagal’nik, 26-29 April 2014), in Russian, pp.119-126 and pp.162-171, pl.3, p.126, fig.2, p.165. FOOTNOTES:

The favourite armour of the Scythian noblemen was a protection composed of scales, usually protecting the torso, sometimes the entire body (kataphraktoi). The Scythians found the most efficient method of arranging the overlapping ‘fish-scales’ as a corselet made of a number of bronze and iron plates, able to protect against sword and spear thrusts. The scales were fixed to an organic backing in such a way that the edges were overlapping in a similar way to rooftiles creating a complete protection for the wearer. Our scales correspond well to bronze scales found in May 1961 in an accidentally destroyed burial in a barrow, near the village of Nadezhda Sovetsky district. They were discovered together with iron scales, a Greek Corinthian helmet, fragments of an amphora, five arrowheads and fragments of an iron sword. Most of these bronze scales were oblong in shape, with a sub-rectangular upper end and a rounded lower end, but slightly bigger than our scales.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


340 ‡

LARGE SOUTH ITALIC SOCKETTED SPEARHEAD 1700-1350 B.C. A bronze spearhead composed of an elongated leaf-shaped blade, tapering round-section socket leading to a D-section tapering midrib to both faces. 17 in. (676 grams, 43.5 cm long). £500 - 700 PROVENANCE:

Private collection, acquired in the 1970s-1980s; thence by descent. Private collection since 1998. LITERATURE:

Cf. Bruno, A., Spears in context: typology, life-cycles and social meanings in Bronze Age Italy, Manchester, 2012, pl.21, no. L51; 27, no.2. FOOTNOTES:

Type LS7 of the Bruno classification of the Middle Bronze Age Italic spearheads, to which this head belongs, is represented by large spearheads, characterised by a narrow blade with small holes at its base, polygonal midrib and a short socket.

341 ‡

LARGE SOUTH ITALIC SOCKETTED SPEARHEAD CIRCA 18TH-EARLY 14TH CENTURY B.C. A bronze spearhead with tapering D-section midrib to both faces and tapering round-section socket, two rivet holes to blade. 16½ in. (570 grams, 42 cm). £500 - 700 PROVENANCE:

Private collection, acquired in the 1970s-1980s; thence by descent. Private collection since 1998. LITERATURE:

Cf. Bruno, A., Spears in context: typology, life-cycles and social meanings in Bronze Age Italy, Manchester, 2012, pl.21, no.L51; 27, no.2. FOOTNOTES:

Type LS7 of the Bruno classification of the Middle Bronze Age Italic spearheads, to which this head belongs, is represented by large spearheads, characterised by a narrow blade with small holes at its base, polygonal midrib and a short socket.

340

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LARGE SOUTH ITALIC SOCKETTED SPEARHEAD CIRCA 18TH-EARLY 14TH CENTURY B.C. A bronze spearhead composed of an elongated leaf-shaped blade with tapering round-section socket leading to a tapering D-section midrib to both faces. 19⅛ in. (846 grams, 48.5 cm). £500 - 700 PROVENANCE:

Private collection, acquired in the 1970s-1980s; thence by descent. Private collection since 1998. LITERATURE:

Cf. Bruno, A., Spears in context: typology, life-cycles and social meanings in Bronze Age Italy, Manchester, 2012, pl.21, no.L51; 27, no.2.

341

FOOTNOTES:

Type LS7 of the Bruno classification of the Middle Bronze Age Italic spearheads, to which this head belongs, is represented by large spearheads, characterised by a narrow blade with small holes at its base, polygonal midrib and a short socket.

342

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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343

343

'MUSEUM CONSERVED' CELTIC LA TÈNE SACRIFICED VOTIVE SWORD PAIR AND SPEARHEAD MID 3RD-1ST CENTURY B.C. A group of two votive swords comprising: an iron sword of La Tène II type in its iron scabbard; the blade 60 mm wide at the upper edge, with deep point and long square-section tang with a rove to the upper end; the scabbard with raised median rib and C-section channels to the edges, C-shaped slider fitting to the reverse, scooped upper edges and La Tène comma-shaped incised decoration; substantial C-section chape with ribbed ornament; its scabbard folded over double and then folded again to form a block; accompanied by a sacrificed iron sword, scabbard and spearhead group comprising: a parallel-sided sword of La Tène I type with straight shoulder and short flat-section tang; a sheet iron scabbard enclosing the sword with median rib and corrugations at the edges, two discoid roundels above the point, thick pointed chape, rosette of punched points below the throat; an iron leaf-shaped spearhead with raised median rib and closed socket; the sword in its scabbard forcefully bent over so that the lower third is parallel to the blade, the spearhead bent around the sword below the chape; accompanied by a case set up by Wiltshire Conservation and Museums Advisory Service having been custom fitted for long term conservation storage. 27⅜ x 17⅛ in. (11¾ - 19¼ in.) (11.45 kg total, 69.5 x 43.5 cm including box (weapons: 892 grams, 30 cm and 989 grams, 49 cm)). [2] £2,000 - 3,000 PROVENANCE:

London art market prior to 1980. TimeLine Auctions, 1 December 2015, lots 1644 (£1,488 inc. Bp) and 1645 (£1488 inc. Bp). Private collection of the late Dr. David Evans, Southampton, UK. Accompanied by copies of the Wiltshire Conservation and Service Treatment Record nos.C2017453 and C2017454 from Wiltshire Conservation and Museums Advisory Service, who conducted professional conservation work on the sword. Accompanied by a copy of a document concerning conservation work carried out by Wiltshire Conservation and Museums Advisory Service (£1,400 + materials + VAT). Accompanied by an academic report by military specialist Dr. Raffaele D'Amato. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11390-189654. LITERATURE:

Cf. Stead, I. & Rigby, V., The Morel Collection. Iron Age Antiquities from Champagne in the British Museum, London, 1999, items 1570 (sword), 2943 (sword) and 2423 (spearhead); see Fox, Sir C., A Find of the Early Iron Age from Llyn Cerig Bach, Anglesey, Cardiff, 1946, for a general discussion on sacrifice in the Celtic world; see Green, M., Dying for the Gods: Human Sacrifice in Iron Age and Roman Europe, Stroud, 2001, p.24, figure 6, for a ritually damaged sword from the sanctuary of Gournay-sur-Aronde, (Oise), dating to the 3rd century B.C.; cf. Green, M., ‘Humans as Ritual Victims in the Later Prehistory of Western Europe’ in Oxford Journal of Archaeology, 17(2) 1998, for transformation of swords from the profane world to the realm of the supernatural.

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FOOTNOTES:

The practice of ritual destruction of weapons is known across Northern and Central Europe from the Bronze Age onwards. Swords folded in their iron scabbards are a particular feature of La Tène societies from the last centuries B.C. The reasoning behind the practice is not understood in detail, but appears to be connected to the idea that the sword had a personality and 'will' of its own which needed to be released through ceremonial destruction on the death of its owner. The sword measured about 80 cm (31½ in.) from the tip of the tang to the chape of the scabbard before folding. The spearhead was about 20cm (8 in.) long. The act of folding has broken the seams of the scabbard at several points, allowing the sword within to be seen. The practice of 'sacrificing' weapons is known from several sites across Iron Age northern Europe. It is most evident where preservation of the sacrificed goods is achieved, such as the Danish peat bogs (Illerup, Kragehul, Ejsbøl Mose and others) and the lake deposit at Llyn Cerrig Bach, Anglesey, Wales. The practice of sacrifice involves transferring the object from the mundane world to the realm of the supernatural powers, either as a thanks-offering for gifts granted (e.g. a military victory, bountiful harvest) or as a propitiatory offering to avert a negative outcome (e.g. crop failure, military defeat, disease). The sacrifice may take many forms - tools, weapons, food, vessels, animals, even human life - but for it to have power and meaning it must be important to the community which offers it. Iron swords and weapons were prized in the Iron Age for their beauty and their effectiveness, making them a natural choice for sacrificial items.

344

CELTIC LA TÈNE SWORD WITH SCABBARD LA TÈNE I, 450-320 B.C. An iron sword and scabbard with slider; the sword with lentoid-section two-edged (785 mm long) blade, parallel-sided for 530 mm then tapering gently to a broad point; campanulate lower guard, square in section with vertical incised slots to one face; square-section tang tapering to a poppy-head terminal; the broad, slender scabbard with stepped lower end, the upper edger scooped to engage with the campanulate guard of the sword, the obverse face rolled over the edges to clasp the reverse plate; the suspension elements comprising a frame of two transverse bars clasping the front and back plates connected to vertical flared straps with a stepped slider-loop to the centre, framed by two more similar bars with vertical straps forming a hollow square in which the slider-loop sits. sword: 36¾ in. (1.3 kg, 95 cm overall). £4,000 - 6,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1980s. Ex Ing Peter Till collection, Vienna, Austria. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11391-193065. LITERATURE:

Cf. De Navarro, J.M., The Finds from the Site of La Tène, 1, Scabbards and the Swords Found in Them, London, 1973; Stead, I., British Iron Age Swords and Scabbards, London, 2006, item 185, for type with campanulate guard and two-part scabbard; Stead, I. et al., Iron Age and Roman Burials in Champagne, Oxford, 2006; Kieca, P. & Sobczyk, P., The Celtic Sword with Bronze Hilt Elements from Siarzewo, Niesczawa Commune, Kuyavian Pomeranian Voivodeship in wi towit, LVII, 2018.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


345

344

345 ‡

ROMAN GLADIATORIAL SHIELD WITH MEDUSA HEAD 1ST CENTURY B.C.-1ST CENTURY A.D. FOOTNOTES:

A discoid gladiatorial or cavalry shield with shallow domed central panel, adorned with a circular boss bearing a stylised Medusa head in raised relief, snake heads emerging from her hair, their tails spiralling at ear height; two flat-section rectangular straps running parallel on the reverse, a perspex cylinder fixed between the straps, serving as a display base. 14 in. (1.4 kg total, 35.5 cm diameter). £8,000 - 10,000 PROVENANCE:

Ex N.K., Paris-Geneva (1910-1996); thence by descent. Accompanied by an academic report by Dr Raffaele D'Amato. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11392-189855. LITERATURE:

Cf. the British Museum, museum number 1756,0101.970, for a very similar style gorgoneion; Antonucci, C., L’esercito di Cesare 54-44 a.C., Concorezzo, 1996; D’Amato, R., Arms and Armour of the Imperial Roman Soldier, London, 2009; Mattesini, S., Gladiatori, San Egidio alla Vibrata, 2009; D'Amato, R., Negin A., Decorated Roman Armour, London, 2017.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

The typology of round Roman shields of embossed bronze, could be related to various categories of warriors. The round parma, that according to Livy (XXI,45), was the main shield of the Roman cavalry since the 3rd century B.C., and continued to be the typical shield of the cavalryman in the late Consular Age, as mentioned by Sallustius (Hist., IV,4). This shield, which was about 80 cm in diameter, is depicted on a monument from Via Latina, probably the grave of a Roman cavalry officer (monument now in Hever Castle, England), showing the typical weaponry of a cavalry officer. Many officers used the parma from horseback alternating with the round clypeus. An original specimen from the Castra Caecilia shows a diameter of 42 cm (Antonucci, 1996, p.31 and plate D2). The shields decorated with the head of Medusa, following the Hellenistic and Etruscan models (D’Amato-Negin, 2017, fig.13), are visible on Roman monuments until the 3rd century A.D. Other specimens of embossed Roman shields have been found in gladiatorial context. A splendid embossed example was found in the gladiatorial barracks at Pompeii (Mattesini, S., 2009, p.178). The classes gladiatoriae of the Hoplomachi were part of the fighting categories of the Parmularii, who used a small round shield. A small round shield (Parma Equestris) was used also by the classes of the Equites (cavalrymen), and some of their shields with embossed decoration were well represented on the lost frescoes from the podium of the amphitheatre of Pompeii.

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346

LATE ROMAN PATTERN-WELDED SPATHA SWORD BLADE 4TH-5TH CENTURY A.D. A double-edged long sword (spatha) of Illerup-Wyhl typology; the blade with damask pattern (torsion damask technique B.H.I.2.1-2) running all its length on one side and half a length on the other side but with a different pattern (herringbone pattern); narrow parallel cutting edges tapering towards the point; long tapering tang, with iron fastening nail for the organic hilt. 35⅜ in. (480 grams, 90 cm). £3,000 - 4,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1971-1972. From the collection of the vendor's father. Property of a London, UK, collector. Accompanied by an academic report by military specialist Dr Raffaele D'Amato. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11393-192361. LITERATURE:

Cf. Engelhardt, C., Sonderjyske og Fynske Mosefund, Bind I-III, Copenhagen, 1869 (1969), pl.VI (Nydam); Bishop, M.C. & Coulston, J.C.N., Roman military equipment, from the Punic wars to the fall of Rome, London, 1993; Miks, C., Studien zur Romischen Schwertbewaffnung in der Kaiserzeit, I-II Banden, Rahden, 2007; D’Amato, R., Roman Army Units in the Western Provinces, Oxford, 2019; for a very similar specimens see Miks, 2007, nos. A121(Dabrówka); A536, 80 & 83 (Nydam); A744,1 (Twielenfleth). FOOTNOTES:

A great number of Late Roman swords with pattern-welded blade have been found in the territories of the so-called Barbaricum and specifically in Nydam Mose and Illerup Adal, modern Denmark. About 75 % of the swords found in Nydam, were pattern-welded and most of them were of Roman origin. Miks notes that among these swords, those with technically complex damascened patterns are more likely to date to the Ic deposit phase, corresponding to the 2nd half of the 4th century A.D. Less complicated are the pattern-welding of the swords of the successive period, consisting mainly of stripe decoration. They were made most probably in Romano-Celtic areas, e.g. in South Germany or Rhine area. In the rod structure (B.H.) of these Roman swords, the material layers in the cross-section of the blade were vertically arranged, showing a construction of rods forged together. Usually the term 'damascened' is only used from the way in which their individual rods are forged to create a desired pattern effect that remained visible on the surfaces of the finished product (technique B.II.1.2.). The shape and regularity of the pattern was essentially dependent on the number and nature of the individual rods and on the skills of the blacksmith. The scholars differentiate on this basis more or less careful and complicated variants (e.g. striped, diamond, herringbone, angular, rosette, mosaic, etc.), in which the individual rods from different iron lamellae, which are parallel or twisted (torsion pattern-welding), were built up often in connection to each other (technique B.II.1.2.1-2). In our sword stripe, torsion and a herringbone patterns are visible. Combining striped rods that were partially straight and partially twisted - clockwise or counter-clockwise - allowed the formation of a very decorative blade.

347

ROMAN OSTERBURKEN-KEMANTHEN SPATHA SWORD LATE 4TH CENTURY A.D. An Osterburken-Kemanthen type double-edged long sword (spatha) with parallel cutting edges tapering towards the point; the blade showing much use with abundant battle nicks to both sides; sturdy tang with an iron fastening rivet and button for the fixing of the pommel. 30 in. (440 grams, 76.5 cm long). £800 - 1,000 PROVENANCE:

Dutch collection, circa 2000. With Mr D.V.B., Netherlands, 2017. Property of a Sussex, UK, teacher. LITERATURE:

348

LATE ROMAN ILLERUP-WYHL TYPE SPATHA SWORD 4TH-5TH CENTURY A.D. A double-edged long sword (spatha) of Illerup-Wyhl typology, with elements of Osterburken-Kemathen type; the blade with narrow parallel cutting edges tapering towards the point, battle nicks to the edges; short tang. 36¾ in. (667 grams, 93.5 cm long). £800 - 1,000 PROVENANCE:

Dutch collection, circa 2000. With Mr D.V.B., Netherlands, 2017. Property of a Sussex, UK, teacher. LITERATURE:

Cf. Miks, C., Studien zur Romischen Schwertbewaffnung in der Kaiserzeit, I-II Banden, Rahden, 2007, cat.nos. A85, A239, A536, no.63. FOOTNOTES:

A large group of spathae blades have been classified from C. Miks as 'lllerupWyhl' type in terms of their proportions, dimensions and shape. They should be regarded as a mixture of the 'StraubingNydam' and 'Lauriacum-Hromowka' type blades and are therefore difficult to be assigned unequivocally to one or another type. The chosen double designation takes into account the fact that corresponding blades in a lighter, narrower form, are represented by apparently several representatives in the concentration C of finds from the lllerup Ädal bog (Miks, 2007, no.A321), and by a heavy, broader blade from body grave 22 of a late mixed Romano-Germanic cemeteries in Wyhl (Miks, 2007, A798). The type is representative of the Migration Period swords.

349

ROMAN STRAUBING-NYDAM SPATHA SWORD 4TH-5TH CENTURY A.D. A double-edged long sword (spatha) of Straubing-Nydam typology; the blade with damask pattern (fishbone technique) running all its length, narrow parallel cutting edges tapering towards the point, battle nicks to the edges; long tang. 34¾ in. (395 grams, 88 cm long). £800 - 1,000 PROVENANCE:

Dutch collection, circa 2000. With Mr D.V.B., Netherlands, 2017. Property of a Sussex, UK, teacher. LITERATURE:

Cf. Miks, C., Studien zur Romischen Schwertbewaffnung in der Kaiserzeit, I-II Banden, Rahden, 2007, cat. A32, no.65; Humer, F., Kremer, G; Pollhammer, E., Pülz A., AD 313 Von Carnuntum zum Christentum, Bad Voslau, 2014, n.371, for similar type; for similar examples of pattern-welding on Roman swords found in Danish bogs see Engelhardt, C., Sonderjyske og Fynske Mosefund, Bind IIII, Copenhagen, 1869 (1969), pl.VI (Nydam). FOOTNOTES:

In the 'rod structure' (B.H.) of some late Roman swords, the material layers in the cross-section of the blade were vertically arranged, showing a construction of rods forged together. These elaborated patterns of the blade are nowadays defined as 'pattern-welding' technique or 'Damascus'. Usually the term 'damascened' is only used for blades, from the way in which their individual rods are forged to create a desired pattern effect that remained visible on the surfaces of the finished product (technique B.II.1.2.).

Cf. Miks, C., Studien zur Romischen Schwertbewaffnung in der Kaiserzeit, I-II Banden, Rahden, 2007, cat. A221, p.593, A317, p.617, pl.140. FOOTNOTES:

The swords of the Osterburken-Kemathen type, a typology used by the Germanic and Roman warriors during the Migration Period, was not so different in its basic shape from the late Roman Illerup-Whyl specimens, of which they were maybe a further development. The Osterburken seems to be a bigger and heavier sword of Illerup-Whyl type. On the basis of the proportion and shape of the tip, these swords are therefore considered by Miks to be a hybrid evolution of the Straubing-Nydam type, but with strong elements typical of the LauriacumHromowka type, both evident in the Illerup-Whyl swords.

136

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346

347

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

348

349

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350

ROMAN JULIUS CAESAR SLING SHOT FROM THE BATTLE OF MUNDA 45 B.C. A biconical facetted lentoid-section sling lead shot (glans) specimen with inscription '[C] A [ES]' referencing Julius Caesar. 1⅜ in. (66.91 grams, 36 mm). £500 - 700 PROVENANCE:

350

Found near to an important village site, close to Seville, 1960-1970. From an old Spanish collection. Swiss private collection. Accompanied by a copy of the Spanish export licence. Accompanied by an academic paper by military specialist Dr Raffaele D'Amato, dated 4th May 2022 and titled Roman Res Publica - Lead Slingshots (glandes) of Caesarian Age - 45 B.C circa. LITERATURE:

Cf. D'Amato, R. and Sumner, G., Arms and Armour of the Imperial Roman Soldier: From Marius to Commodus, 112 BC-AD 192, London, 2009, fig.32, p.45, for similar glandes from Zaragoza Museum, the one with the name of Pompey inscribed coming from Munda battlefield too; Schinco, G., Small, A.M., 'A previously unknown siege of Botromagno/Silvium: the evidence of slingshots from Gravina in Puglia (Provincia di Bari, Puglia)' in Papers of the British School at Rome, 2019, pp.1-52, figs.31,37. FOOTNOTES:

351

The shot (type IIb of the Völling classification) is marked with the abbreviated name of Julius Caesar; it was used in quantity at the Battle of Monda (or Munda) against the last fellows of Pompey, the leaders of the Optimates, on the 17th March 45 BC. Similar shots were used in the civil war among Pompey and Caesar, and in all Caesar's wars. The funditores of Caesar's age were part of the light infantry. Caesar wrote of his Balearic slingers during the conquest of Gaul. They typically wore a short tunic, with leather or rope sandals, and a sort of overcoat. They used satchels to carry very deadly lead-like stones or bullets. The men employed several slings: one was tied around the head for quick deployment should the other break during the battle.

351

ROMAN JULIUS CAESAR SLING SHOT FROM THE BATTLE OF MUNDA 45 B.C. A biconical facetted lentoid-section sling lead shot (glans) specimen with inscription '[C] A [ES]' referencing Julius Caesar. 1⅜ in. (63.38 grams, 37mm). £500 - 700 PROVENANCE:

Found near to an important village site, close to Seville, 1960-1970. From an old Spanish collection. Swiss private collection. Accompanied by a copy of the Spanish export licence. Accompanied by an academic paper by military specialist Dr Raffaele D'Amato, dated 4th May 2022 and titled Roman Res Publica - Lead Slingshots (glandes) of Caesarian Age - 45 B.C circa. LITERATURE:

Cf. D'Amato, R. and Sumner, G., Arms and Armour of the Imperial Roman Soldier: From Marius to Commodus, 112 BC-AD 192, London, 2009, fig.32, p.45, for similar glandes from Zaragoza Museum, the one with the name of Pompey inscribed coming from Munda battlefield too; Schinco, G., Small, A.M., 'A previously unknown siege of Botromagno/Silvium: the evidence of slingshots from Gravina in Puglia (Provincia di Bari, Puglia)' in Papers of the British School at Rome, 2019, pp.1-52, figs.31, 37. FOOTNOTES:

The sling shot (type IIb of the Völling classification) is marked with the abbreviated name of Julius Caesar; it was used in quantity at the Battle of Monda (or Munda) against the last fellows of Pompey, the leaders of the Optimates, on the 17th March 45 BC. Similar shots were used in the civil war among Pompey and Caesar, and in all Caesar's wars. The funditores of Caesar's age were part of the light infantry. Caesar wrote of his Balearic slingers during the conquest of Gaul. They typically wore a short tunic, with leather or rope sandals, and a sort of overcoat. They used satchels to carry very deadly lead-like stones or bullets. The men employed several slings: one was tied around the head for quick deployment should the other break during the battle.

138

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352

MIGRATION PERIOD SWORD WITH JEWELLED HILT 5TH CENTURY A.D. A two-edged cavalry spatha with a parallel-sided iron blade and broad pointed tip; evident battle nicks to both cutting edges; the bronze trapezoidal lower guard with a chip-carved gold plate to one face, decorated by a set of garnets in cloisonné style and almandine divided horizontally; the long tang with a rivet for the attachment of the organic hilt; accompanied by a silver-gilt discoid pommel mount, set with six garnets. 35⅜ in. (967 grams, 90 cm). £8,000 - 10,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1971-1972. From the collection of the vendor's father. Property of a London, UK, collector. Accompanied by an academic report by military specialist Dr Raffaele D'Amato. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11394-192360. LITERATURE:

See Behmer, E., Das zweischneidige Schwert der germanischen Völkerwanderungszeit, Stockholm, 1939; Périn P., Kazanski M., ‘La tombe de Childéric, le Danube et la Méditerranée’ in Villes et campagnes en Neustrie, (Europe médiévale, 8) Montagnac, 2007, pp.29-38; Lebedinsky, I., Armes et guerriers barbares au temps des grandes invasions, Paris, 2001; Miks, C., Studien zur Romischen Schwertbewaffnung in der Kaiserzeit, I-II Banden, Rahden, 2007, pp.191ff., fig.30; Spier, J., Treasures of the Ferrell Collection, Wiesbaden, 2010. FOOTNOTES:

The sword belongs to the type IV of Behmer typology (see especially Behmer, 1939, pls.XII-XIII, lett.4a-b and no.1, swords from Berlin and Hermitage). While the Germanic sword types of the Migration Period go back in one way or another to Roman typologies of spathae, the swords of type IV are connected in their origin to the Sarmatian-Alan long sword, brought to the Roman world by the great number of Sarmatian mercenaries and auxiliaries fighting in the imperial armies since the 2nd century A.D.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

352

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MIGRATION PERIOD PATTERN-WELDED SPATHA SWORD BLADE 6TH CENTURY A.D. A double-edged long sword (spatha) of Osterburken-Kemathen type with parallel-sided blade showing battle nicks; the blade with damask pattern (damask technique B.II.I.2); sturdy tang with a hole to accept a fastening rivet. 34⅞ in. (701 grams, 88.5 cm). £5,000 - 7,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1971-1972. From the collection of the vendor's father. Property of a London, UK, collector. Accompanied by an academic report by military specialist Dr Raffaele D'Amato. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11395-192362. LITERATURE:

Cf. Menghin, W., Das Schwert im Frühen Mittelalter, Stuttgart, 1983, item 83, Bavarian grave 42 from Kelheim-Gmünd cemetery, 6th century A.D.; Bemmann, G. & Bemmann, J., Der Opferplatz von Nydam, Die Funde aus der älteren Grabungen, Nydam I und Nydam II, Neumünster, 1998; Peirce, I., Swords of the Viking age, Woodbridge, 2002; Miks, C., Studien zur Romischen Schwertbewaffnung in der Kaiserzeit, I-II Banden, Rahden, 2007; for a similar specimen see also Peirce, p.26, sword in the D’Acre Edwards collection. FOOTNOTES:

The swords of Osterburken-Kemathen type were one of the main types used by Germanic and Roman warriors during the Migration Period. What makes this sword a formidable specimen is its pattern-welding. Interestingly, the damascened blade decoration is similar to late Roman examples from Nydam (Bemmann & Bemmann, 1998, nos.389, 390, 422, 428, 433). True-pattern welding became evident from about 3rd century A.D. on the Late Roman spathae recovered from the Danish bogs, reaching its zenith in terms of complexity in the 6th and 7th centuries A.D. This is visible in the Germanic cemeteries of late 6th and early 7th century date, where alongside a potentially increasing number of undamascened blades, the pattern-welded sword seems to be dominant.

354

MIGRATION PERIOD SINGLE-EDGED SWORD LATE 5TH-EARLY 6TH CENTURY A.D. A rare long seax, with a finely tapered blade with traces of battle nicks; boat-shaped cross followed by a broad tang pierced by an iron nail for the fastening of an organic hilt. 27¼ in. (344 grams, 69 cm long). £500 - 700 PROVENANCE:

Dutch collection, circa 2000. With Mr D.V.B., Netherlands, 2017. Property of a Sussex, UK, teacher. LITERATURE:

Cf. Menghin, W., Das Schwert im Frühen Mittelalter, Stuttgart, 1983, item 8, Alamannic grave 71 from Pleidelsheim; cf. Archäologischen Landesmuseum, Die Alamannen, Stuttgart, 1997, p.221.

355

VIKING PETERSEN TYPE U SWORD 10TH CENTURY A.D. A double-edged cutting sword of Petersen Type U with a shallowfullered broad blade and round tip; boat-shaped lower guard and a large pommel, originally divided in three parts and with traces of silver inlay. 3¼ in. (874 grams, 92 cm). £4,000 - 6,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1971-1972. From the collection of the vendor's father. Property of a London, UK, collector. Accompanied by an academic report by military specialist Dr Raffaele D'Amato. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11396-192363. LITERATURE:

Cf. Petersen, J., De Norske Vikingsverd, Oslo, 1919; Petersen, J., De Norske Vikingsverd, Saint Petersburg, 2005; Peirce, I., Swords of the Viking age, Suffolk, 2002, p.110; the main reference example is a sword published by Petersen (p.182, fig.122) from Seim, Ardal; another interesting and important specimen is published by Peirce, the British Museum 1915.5-4.1, found in the river Lea riverbed, near Edmonton, Middlesex.

140

FOOTNOTES:

Petersen Type U swords were used predominantly during the 10th and 11th centuries. Examples of this sword type have been found across northern Europe and a great number of them are decorated with some form of inlay or overlay using silver, copper and bronze. The gently tapering blade of this sword with tapering fuller seems to correspond to the type 3 individuated by Geibig, and so dated to the 10th century, when taking the dating opinions of Petersen concerning this category into consideration.

356

VIKING SWORD WITH SILVER INLAID HILT EARLY 9TH CENTURY A.D. A Viking period sword comprising: a 9th century high-status silvercovered lobed pommel and cross guard consisting of a Petersen Type D/E pommel composed of a broadly conical body with elliptical crosssection and rounded ends, the lower part formed as a plain broad band, the upper section with a scalloped and domed silhouette, divided into three decorative segments with detailed inlay to both faces, including diagonal hatching, faux ropework and solid angular forms contrasted with fluid interlace, seemingly creating an overall zoomorphic scheme; the cross guard with remains of the original silver-covered design, elliptical in cross-section, also with rounded ends; a contemporary 9th century Geibig type 1 variant tanged, pattern-welded blade with rounded tip and shallow fuller to both faces, the fuller with additional (worn) inlay; whilst all components are 9th century in date, the heavy pommel and cross guard were originally intended for a broader hacking blade which was seemingly replaced with this slender thrusting blade at an unknown date. 33¼ in. (842 grams, 84.5 cm). £4,000 - 6,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1970s-1990s. From the S.K. collection, Switzerland. Accompanied by an analysis report by professional artefact assessor Russell Scott. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11397-191832. LITERATURE:

Cf. Williams, G. ed., Vikings life and legend, The British Museum, London, 2014, p.18 and pp.102-103, for a similar pommel and cross-guard; cf. Willemsen, A., Vikings! Raids in the Rhine/ Meuse region 800-1000, Utrecht, 2004, pp.130131, for a similar cross guard and pommel; cf. Rosedahl, E. ed., From Viking to Crusader The Scandinavians and Europe 800-1200, Sweden, 1992, p.292, item 243, for similar dated 9th century A.D.; cf. Oakeshott, E., Records of the Medieval Sword, Woodbridge, 2000, p.24, item 3, for similar; cf. Pierce, I., Swords of the Viking age, Woodbridge, 2004, pp.44-46, for more detailed discussion of type D and E pommels. FOOTNOTES:

The slight curve on the blade suggests that it was perhaps deposited in a Viking howe for an extensive period. It is possible for any blade to have been reworked, shortened and/ or ground down over the course of its life. Petersen Type D is of Norwegian origin.

357

VIKING PETERSEN TYPE X LONG SWORD MID 10TH-MID 12TH CENTURY A.D. A double-edged iron sword with well-defined cutting edges and tapering profile; parallel-sided lower guard and short tang; 'tea-cosy' pommel of transitional type to a 'Brazil nut' style (type B); battle signs and employment nicks visible on the sides. 35 in. (1.06 kg, 89 cm). £3,000 - 4,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1971-1972. From the collection of the vendor's father. Property of a London, UK, collector. Accompanied by an academic report by military specialist Dr Raffaele D'Amato. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11398-192364. LITERATURE:

See Petersen, J., De Norske Vikingsverd, Oslo, 1919; Oakeshott, E., The Sword in the Age of the Chivalry, London, 1964 (1994); Oakeshott, E., Records of the Medieval Sword, Woodbridge, 1991; Peirce, I., Swords of the Viking age, Suffolk, 2002; a very similar example in the Glasgow Museum, once in the D'Acre Edwards and Oakeshott collections, an excellent ‘Gaddhjalt’ (spike-hilt) example, datable to the Viking period, circa 950 A.D.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


353

354

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

355

356

357

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358

VIKING SILVER INLAID AXEHEAD WITH BEASTS 9TH-10TH CENTURY A.D. An iron axehead, triangular in plan with D-shaped socket, square butt, scooped lower profile and curved edge; to each lateral face a silver plaque inlay with interlace and zoomorphic motifs. 4½ in. (172 grams, 11.4 cm). [No Reserve] £1,500 - 2,000 PROVENANCE:

Private collection formed in Europe in the 1980s. Westminster collection, central London, UK.

358

LITERATURE:

Cf. Petersen, J., De Norske Vikingsverd, Oslo, 1919, fig.32; Arbman, H., Birka I: Die Gräber, Uppsala, 1940, pl.14, no.1.

359

VIKING SILVER INLAID STIRRUP WITH RINGERIKE BEASTS 10TH CENTURY A.D. An iron D-shaped stirrup with open footplate and rectangular loop to accept a broad strap; the bow with inlaid silver interlace and beasts in Ringerike Style. 5⅛ in. (233 grams, 13 cm high). [No Reserve] £3,000 - 4,000 PROVENANCE:

Private collection formed in Europe in the 1980s. Westminster collection, central London, UK. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11399-193067. LITERATURE:

Cf. Arbman, H., Birka I: Die Gräber, Uppsala, 1940, pl.33(2), for type.

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360

MEROVINGIAN GERMANIC HORSE BIT WITH GOLD INLAY CIRCA 7TH-8TH CENTURY A.D. An iron horse bit composed of two rectangular linked bars with flatsection articulate arms suspended from the outer terminals, two slightly domed circular cheek pieces with decorative openwork geometric design, embellished with gold inlay. 10⅝ in. (156 grams, 27 cm). £800 - 1,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1971-1972. From the collection of the vendor's father. Property of a London, UK, collector. LITERATURE:

Cf. Various, Die Franken, Wegbereiter Europas, Mainz, 1996, fig.561.

361 360

MEDIEVAL CHAIN MAIL ARMOUR 13TH-14TH CENTURY A.D. A solid block of ring armour, possibly concealing an object or objects, consisting of interlocking iron wire links in the basic pattern of fourthrough-one (one solid ring interlocking with four rivetted), forming alternate sections of welded and un-welded rings; some rings seem to be connected to an iron plate on one side of the armour; possibly of Baltic workmanship. 16⅜ in. (11.55 kg, 41.5 cm). £3,000 - 4,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1971-1972. From the collection of the vendor's father. Property of a London, UK, collector. Accompanied by an academic report by military specialist Dr. Raffaele D'Amato. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11400-192374. LITERATURE:

Cf. Kotowicz, P., Muzyczuk, A., ‘Medieval Militaries from Royal Town Krosno’, in Acta Militaria Medievalia, Tom IV, Kraków-Sanok, 2008, pp.125-166, figs.10, 11, 12; Wood, E., Edge, D., Williams, A., ‘A note on the construction and metallurgy of mail armour exhibited in the Wallace Collection’ in Acta Militaria Medievalia, Tom IX, Kraków-Sanok, 2013, pp.203-228, fig.20; Chudzi ska, B., ‘Military items from the castle in Muszyna (research in the years 2007-2010)’ in Acta Militaria Medievalia, Tom X, Kraków-Sanok, 2014, pp.53-118, fig.8, cat.251.

361

142

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


362

JAPANESE SAMURAI ARMOUR SUIT WITH STAND AND CASE MOMOYAMA AND EDO PERIODS, LATE 16TH-EARLY 18TH CENTURY A.D. A complete lacquered Samurai armour comprising: akoda-nari kabuto helmet with itamono-shikoro neck guard, etchu-menp iron face mask, nuinobe d torso armour, oda gote vambraces with tekk gauntlets, sode slightly curved shoulder guards, haidate thigh guards, with fusa-gusari mail and shino-suneate greaves with fusa-gusari mail; inscriptions and numbers are seen to various parts of the armour; accompanied by a traditional pattern wood stand and base box, additionally with an optional purpose-made glazed full height oak display case (this 80cm deep x 70cm wide x 191cm tall). 57 in. (Armour 8.30 kg total (with case, 99 kg total), 145cm tall as displayed). £6,000 - 8,000

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

PROVENANCE:

Acquired from an Essex, UK collector by exchange. Property of an Essex gentleman. Accompanied by an academic report by military specialist Dr. Raffaele D'Amato. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11401-191752. LITERATURE:

Cf. Robinson, R., Oriental Armour, pp.183ff., figs.95 no.12, 96 lett.F, 101, 105 lett.F, pl.XXXII, lett.B., 107; Turnbull, S., Samurai Warriors, Poole, 1987; Bryant, A.J., The Samurai, London, 1989; Bryant, A.J., Samurai, 1550-1600, London, 1994, p.54, for a near identical nuinobe d ; Turnbull, S., Samurai Warfare, London, 1996. FOOTNOTES:

This suit of armour is accompanied by a purpose-made early 20th century oak framed and glazed display cabinet; the successful bidder may freely choose whether or not to have this case included within the purchase and will not be obligated to receive it.

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363

363

JAPANESE KATANA SWORD WITH SCABBARD KOTO PERIOD, BEFORE 1595 A.D. AND LATER A katana with curved single edged blade showing straight hamon edge-pattern, straight plain nakago-jiri tang pierced with one mekugiana hole for the insertion of a bamboo pin, circular copper-alloy tsuba hand guard (a later replacement) pierced with a flower shaped aperture, later fabric bound sharkskin tsuka-ito covered grip with a pair of copper-alloy menuki metal ornaments, a squared copper-alloy kabuto gane pommel and a fuchi metal sleeve, followed by a seppa metal spacer with jagged edge; accompanied by a later saya russet lacquered scabbard with copper-alloy fittings; the original blade later shortened by about 75mm. 36⅝ in. (1.22 kg total, 93 cm long). £1,500 - 2,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired from an Essex, UK collector by exchange. Property of an Essex gentleman. Accompanied by an academic report by military specialist Dr. Raffaele D'Amato. LITERATURE:

See Turnbull, S., Samurai Warriors, Poole, 1987; Bryant, A.J., The Samurai, London, 1989; Bryant, A.J., Samurai, 1550-1600, London, 1994; Turnbull, S., Samurai Warfare, London, 1996. FOOTNOTES:

Tokugawa Ieyasu, the famous Shogun who unified Japan between 1600 and 1615, said: ‘In the event that a Samurai loses his sword, it is an unforgivable fact, because the sword is the soul of the Samurai.’ The long katana and the shorter wakizashi were the two main swords (the ‘blade’ and the ‘companion’) of the Samurai in the wars of the Sengoku period. But it was the katana, the single-edged long sword, which was considered by philosophers and sword masters, such as Miyamoto Musashi (1584-1645), to ruling element of the world and therefore the basis of martial arts. The ancient swords, like our specimen, were called Koto, if forged before 1596 A.D. Made with iron ores and steel collected from the Japanese deposits, these swords had marked regional characteristics, as a consequence of the place of manufacture. The five most famous schools or traditions (Gokaden) were located in the mining provinces of Yamashiro, Yamato, Bizen, Sagami and Mino. Japanese swords were famous over the world for their high quality. The blade, a layer of strong, hard steel between more flexible layers, was perhaps the finest non-surgical cutting tool ever made. The swordsmiths (katana-kaji), after the rituals of purification and propitiation, began forging of the blade from a rough iron plate (tamahagane) having a high content of carbon (around 15%). Then, through successive bending and folding operations, they expelled the impure elements from the iron and regulated the quantity of carbon, obtaining a plate composed of molecular layers of steel. Finally then inserted layers of mild steel (shingane) into the hard steel (kawagane) blade under construction. At the end they

144

364

modelled the flat and long blade which, through the tempering (yakiire) assumed its unmistakable curvature and its unsurpassed hardness. This sword, probably made in the last bloody period of the Senkogu wars, was preserved for centuries and later shortened in its blade, to be fitted with a new hilt and scabbard and probably carried by a Japanese officer in the late 19th or early 20th wars of the new Nippon Empire.

364

JAPANESE SAMURAI MINIATURE MODEL OF -YOROI ARMOUR 20TH CENTURY A.D. A miniature model of red-laced -Yoroi armour of Kamakura period, comprising: 1. a helmet (hoshi-kabuto) with shinodare frontal plates, fukigayeshi raised side protections, terminating on the top with a tehen no kanamono of typical chrysanthemum form, the bowl (hachi) fitted with star-rivets hoshi, a mabezashi, (integral peak visor), lined with green silk; the neck of the helmet is protected by a very wide laminated yellow-laced shikoro neck guard, with orange braid spaced lacing; the helmet is fitted with a kabuto no o chin-strap); 2. a fine russet lacquered menp face mask, with flared nostrils and open mouth, gold lacquered teeth, hair moustache and chin tuft, to which is attached a laminated yodare-kake, (throat guard), made of two plates; 3. a splendid -Yoroi armour constructed with a separate protection for the right side waidate and facsimile of laced kozane lamellar armour, watagami shoulder-straps; attached to it a kusazuri protection made from four laced panels hanging from the front and back of the d to protect the lower body and upper leg; a yoshitsunegote vambraces; -sode, shoulder guards, composed from six suspending plates; hiza-yoroi haidate, thighguards; suneate, greaves. 26⅜ in. (1.74 kg total, 67 cm high including stand). £800 - 1,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired from an Essex, UK collector by exchange. Property of an Essex gentleman. LITERATURE:

Cf. Robinson, R., Oriental Armour, pp.173ff., figs.91-92, 94-95 no.7, 96 lett.B,105 lett.F, 107 lett. A, pl.XXIX. FOOTNOTES:

From the end of the Heian era and especially during the Kamakura period this was the armour of warriors of high rank, as the Samurai wore in their victorious war against the Mongols of Qubilai Qhan, in 1271-1281. The helmet and cuirass (katchu) were accompanied by the kogusoku 'small complete', that is the set of accessories waidate, suneate, kote, haidate, kusazuri, etc... - added a protection of the whole body. These miniature sets were often made for the Children's Festivals, held annually.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


Bronze Age Iron Age Lots 365 - 377 Also see lots 1450 - 1520


365

366

367

365

VIN A IDOL HEAD 5TH MILLENNIUM B.C. A ceramic Vin a culture stylised human idol head, with eyes expressed as shallow dashes, exaggerated nose, pierced ears and slender neck; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 4 in. (85 grams total, 10 cm high including stand). £300 - 400 PROVENANCE:

Ex central European collection. Munich, Germany 1999. G.M.R.H.collection, West London, UK. LITERATURE:

Cf. The British Museum, 1939,0704.1, for a comparable figure.

366

BRITISH BRONZE AGE 'DUNSTABLE' FOUNDER'S AXEHEAD HOARD 15TH-9TH CENTURY B.C. An entire Late Bronze Age founder's hoard comprising: a complete looped palstave axe, with a fragment of another; with five complete or almost so socketted axes, some showing linear ornament to the sockets, with fragments of three others; with a small socketted gouge and together with three pieces of copper 'bun' ingot and a conical waste casting sprue. 1⅜ - 4½ in. (3.4 kg total, 3.5-11.5 cm). [15, No Reserve] £1,200 - 1,700

PROVENANCE:

Found whilst searching with a metal detector near Dunstable, Bedfordshire, UK. Acquired from a Cambridgeshire antiques shop circa 1995. Private collection of a Suffolk, UK, gentleman. LITERATURE:

See Evans, J., The Ancient Bronze Implements, Weapons and Ornaments of Great Britain and Ireland, London, 1881, figures 102, 112, 114, 116 and 205, for very similar examples of these types.

367

BRITISH BRONZE AGE 'THE MANSTON HOARD' PALSTAVE AXEHEAD 14TH-MID 12TH CENTURY B.C. A substantial bronze palstave axehead from the Manston hoard pit deposit, triangular flanges rise from the butt to the stop bar; a hollow to both faces below the septum; narrow body expanding to a wide triangular blade with slight flare at the tips. 6¾ in. (505 grams, 17 cm). £300 - 400 PROVENANCE:

Found near Manston, Kent, UK, 2016. Accompanied by copies of the British Museum's Portable Antiquities Scheme (PAS) report number KENT-495597. Accompanied by Treasure Act documentation under Treasure Reference 2016 T618. LITERATURE:

See Evans, J., The Ancient Bronze Implements, Weapons and Ornaments of Great Britain and Ireland, London, 1881, pp.76-84 and figs.56-68, for similar types; Rowlands, M.J., The Production and Distribution of Metalwork in the Middle Bronze Age in Southern Britain, Oxford, 1976. PUBLISHED:

The British Museum's Portable Antiquities Scheme, reference PAS KENT495597, for this find.

146

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


368

368 ‡

BRONZE AGE SOCKETTED SPEARHEAD 2ND-MID 1ST MILLENNIUM B.C. A bronze spearhead composed of a waisted leaf-shaped blade with raised midrib and lateral steps to both faces, tapering tubular socket pierced twice for attachment to a shaft; accompanied by a custommade display stand. 8⅝ in. (297 grams total, 22cm including stand). £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

Private collection, acquired in the 1970s-1980s; thence by descent. Private collection, since 1998.

369 ‡

BRONZE AGE DOUBLE SPIRAL RING 2ND MILLENNIUM B.C. A bronze ring composed of a coiled hoop and two large spiraling coiled wire plaques. 3⅛ in. (38.14 grams, 79 mm overall, 19.90 mm internal diameter (approximate size British U, USA 10, Europe 22.52, Japan 21)). £400 - 600

369

370

PROVENANCE:

From a European collection, before 1990. Ex private collection, Vienna, Austria, acquired in 1990. Private Swiss collection, acquired 2001.

370 ‡

BRONZE AGE DOUBLE SPIRAL RING 2ND MILLENNIUM B.C. A bronze ring composed of a coiled hoop and two large spiral coiled plaques. 2⅞ in. (30.68 grams, 73 mm overall, 20.05 mm internal diameter (approximate size British T½, USA 9¾, Europe 21.89, Japan 21)). £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

From a European collection, before 1990. Ex private collection, Vienna, Austria, acquired in 1990. Private Swiss collection, acquired 2001.

371 ‡

LARGE BRONZE AGE POSAMENTERIEFIBEL BROOCH 11TH CENTURY B.C. A bronze fibula of Posamenteriefibel lacework type with large spiral disc extending to a shank and finial spring returning to form the pin; applied wire-coil lateral decorations attached with thick rectangular bands. 8¼ in. (232 grams, 21 cm). [No Reserve] £600 - 800 PROVENANCE:

Private collection formed since 1970. Property of a gentleman from Vienna, Austria.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

371

147


372

373

372

BRONZE AGE COILED BRACELET PAIR 1ST MILLENNIUM B.C. A matching pair of penannular bronze bracelets each with coiled terminals. 2¼ in. (65 grams total, 56-58 mm). [2, No Reserve] £300 - 400 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1971-1972. From the collection of the vendor's father. Property of a London, UK, collector.

373

BRONZE AGE TEMPLE RING PAIR 2ND MILLENNIUM B.C. A matching pair of temple rings, each composed of a carinated hoop, ovoid in plan, with two coiled arms tapering to a spiralling discoid plaque, one of which remains flat, the other tiered. 2⅞ in. (108 grams total, 73-74 mm). [2, No Reserve] £300 - 400 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1971-1972. From the collection of the vendor's father. Property of a London, UK, collector.

374

'THE GUILDFORD' IRON AGE ANTHROPOMORPHIC CELTIC VESSEL MOUNT 1ST CENTURY B.C.-EARLY 1ST CENTURY A.D. A British Iron Age vessel mount in the form of a hollow Celtic male head with large, elongated eyes having pierced pupils, possibly once with inlays, a triangular nose and slash mouth; the chin protruding slightly and the hair moulded around the brow and swept back over the scalp and around the sides with the head pierced at the rear to receive a swivel handle terminal and the breast formed to fit snugly to the vessel rim, with a rivet at front for holding it in place. 1⅝ in.(2½ in.) (29.4 grams, 42 mm high (45.6 grams total, 65 mm high including stand)). £2,000 - 3,000 PROVENANCE:

374

Found whilst searching with a metal detector near Guildford, Surrey, UK, on Saturday 22nd August 2020, by Stuart Cameron. Accompanied by a copy of the British Museum's Portable Antiquities Scheme (PAS) report number SUR-D01AF2, where it is described as 'A rare and important discovery' and 'This is a find of note and has been designated: Potential for inclusion in Britannia (Cambridge University Press)'. Accompanied by an original handwritten note explaining the circumstances of finding by Stuart Cameron dated 23 May 2022. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11402-191635. LITERATURE:

See Brailsford, J.W., Later Prehistoric Antiquities of the British Isles, British Museum, 1953; p.70 and pl.XXII, item 2, for a similar mount; see Jope, E.M., Early Celtic Art in the British Isles, Oxford, 2000, pl.182, item d, for another example; see MacGregor, M., Early Celtic Art in North Britain, LUP, 1976, nos.315-320, for examples of the commoner bovine type. FOOTNOTES:

The PAS report comments: 'This bucket mount is one of only a handful to exhibit human representations from late Iron Age Britain, and as such is a rare and important discovery. The majority of late Iron Age bucket mounts depict bovines, and where they do appear in human form, depict the figure wearing a horned helmet or with horns protruding from the head. This example differs markedly as there are no bovine features.'

148

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


375

375

CELTIC LA TÈNE STRAP JUNCTION CIRCA 2ND CENTURY B.C.-1ST CENTURY A.D. A substantial La Tène strap junction composed of a central design of nine circular recesses with rivets to retain organic inlays, probably red coral, originally with four projecting discoid lobes at the shoulders, a vertical bar between creating two loops, again each with circular recesses and rivets to retain organic inlays. 1¾ in. (38.9 grams, 44 mm). £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

Found Cambridgeshire, UK.

376

'THE KIRKBY LONSDALE' BRIGANTES CELTIC HORSE HARNESS UNION WITH HIDDEN FACES 1ST CENTURY B.C.-1ST CENTURY A.D. A substantial bronze harness fitting composed of circular body with deliberate asymmetrical central openwork La Tène oval and tearshapes forming three 'hidden faces' comprising of a human face and two side profile puffin-like faces, red enamelled border, strap arm to each side composed of two circular arms with a round-section bar between. 2¾ in. (51.2 grams, 71 mm). £2,000 - 3,000

376

PROVENANCE:

Found whilst searching with a metal detector near Kirkby Lonsdale, Cumbria, UK, on Tuesday 10th May 2022. Accompanied by a copy of the book British Artefacts Volume 4 - The Celtic Iron Age, when published. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11403-190465. LITERATURE:

Cf. The Trustees of The British Museum., Later Prehistoric Antiquities of the British Isles, London, 1953, pl. XI, for comparable forms; cf. Jope, E.M., Early Celtic Art in the British Isles, Oxford, 2000, pl.276, for similar types; and Hammond, A., Benet's Artefacts of England and the United Kingdom, 4th edition, 2021, p.122-124, for several much smaller examples. PUBLISHED:

Hammond, Brett, British Artefacts Volume 4 - The Celtic Iron Age, Greenlight publishing, 2022, (forthcoming) for this example. FOOTNOTES:

The Brigantes were a tribe, or perhaps more accurately a loose confederation of related tribes, of British Celts inhabiting most of the area between the Humber and the Tyne. The name of the tribe originates from the Celtic goddess Brigantia.

377

IRON AGE FIGURAL BOWL MOUNT WITH HORNS 1ST CENTURY B.C.-1ST CENTURY A.D. A bronze bowl mount comprising a D-shaped plaque with curved outer face and recess to the reverse, three holes for attachment rivets, two horns forming the loop to the upper edge and raised facing mask with centre-parted hair and lentoid eyes. 2 in. (76 grams, 54 mm). £500 - 700 PROVENANCE:

377

Found near Aylesford, Kent, 1976. Ex UK collection. Property of a Portsmouth, UK gentleman. Accompanied by an old ticket including provenance.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

149


Saxon Viking & Germanic Lots 378 - 400 Also see lots 1521 - 1577


378 ‡

ANGLO-SAXON BOWL MOUNT WITH LA TÈNE STYLE ROUNDELS 6TH-7TH CENTURY A.D. A bronze bowl mount, discoid with exterior rim, reserved comma-leaf ornament on an enamelled field comprising a central roundel with reserved triskele, six surrounding roundels of which three are formed with two reserved crescents forming an 'S'-shaped motif, two with two crescent hooks each pierced at the centre by a pellet, one roundel with three radiating pierced hooks; the reverse with solder scar where it was attached. 1½ in. (13.4 grams, 40 mm wide). £3,000 - 4,000 PROVENANCE:

Found South East England. Acquired on the UK art market, circa 2012. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11404-193157. LITERATURE:

Cf. Bruce-Mitford, R., The Corpus of Late Celtic Hanging Bowls, Oxford, 2005, item 88. FOOTNOTES:

The disc was placed at the centre of the base of a bronze hanging bowl. Such mounts are found on hanging bowls mainly in 6th-7th century Anglo-Saxon princely or royal burials. They probably formed part of the so-called 'economy of prestige' in which decorative high-status tableware and feasting equipment circulated among the leading families of the various British and Anglo-Saxon kingdoms. A number of these items have been found in 7th century burial mounds such as Sutton Hoo (Suffolk), Prittlewell (Essex) and Benty Grange (Derbyshire). The decoration and manufacturing techniques suggest an origin among the late Romano-British groups of western and northern Britain. The layout of the elements of the design is parallel to the great hanging bowl from Mound 1 at Sutton Hoo although the design there is more elaborate in its enamelled motifs.

378

379

ANGLO-SAXON 'HATTATT' SMALL-LONG BROOCH PAIR 6TH CENTURY A.D. A matched pair of bronze small-long brooches, each with a rectangular headplate, shallow bow and pelta-shaped foot with punched detailing; mounted on a Hattatt display stand with text: 'Anglo-Saxon / Small Long brooches / Identical pair / 6th cent: A.D. / Square-headed type / Found at Lakenheath, Suffolk'. 2⅜ - 2½ in. (130 grams total, brooches: 62-64 mm). £400 - 600

379

PROVENANCE:

Ex Richard Hattatt (d.1992) collection (featured in his book). With Christie's, London, 7 July 1993, lot 72 (part). With Bernard Quaritch, London W1. Ex Martin Schoyen collection. Accompanied by a copy of the Christie's invoice. Accompanied by copies of the relevant Christie's catalogue pages. PUBLISHED:

Hattatt, R., Iron Age and Roman Brooches, Oxford, 1985, item 677 (this pair).

380

SCANDINAVIAN VIKING 'TORTOISE' AND BOAR BROOCH SET 9TH-10TH CENTURY A.D. A brooch set comprising: a matched pair of scaphoid domed brooches, the precursor to the more elaborate two-part 'tortoise' brooches, each an elliptical dome decorated with a transverse band of ribbed decoration featuring four facing masks with pellet eyes; the outer fields with zoomorphic tendril designs edged by a ropework border; plain outer flange, integral pin-bar to reverse with thick catchplate and angled loop; short length of chain with figurative boar's head dangle, decorated with pricked dots; longer length of chain. 3⅜ - 29⅜ in. (293 grams total, 8.7 - 74.5 cm). [4] £2,000 - 3,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1971-1972. From the collection of the vendor's father. Property of a London, UK, collector. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11405-192367. LITERATURE:

Cf. MacGregor, A. et al., A Summary Catalogue of the Continental Archaeological Collections, Oxford, 1997, item 4, for oval brooches; cf. Ewing, T., Viking Clothing, Strood, 2007, fig.36; cf. Franceschi, G., Asger, J. & Magnus, B., Mennesker, Guder og Masker i Nordisk Jernalderkunst, Bind 1, Silkeborg, 2005, figs.130-1.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

380

151


382

381 383

381

383

VIKING AGE TORTOISE BROOCH PAIR

SCANDINAVIAN PRE-VIKING BOX BROOCH WITH INTERLACED PANELS

9TH-12TH CENTURY A.D.

7TH CENTURY A.D. A matched pair of bronze tortoise brooches, each a domed and slightly keeled body with stepped flange rim, dense pattern of lowrelief moulded detail including facing figures with pellet eyes; transverse mounting bar and catch to the reverse with loop for attachment of a swag of beads; chain loop to one and short chain to the other. 3¾ - 5¼ in. (160 grams total, 9.5-13.5 cm). [2] £1,200 - 1,700

A bronze hollow-formed disc-shaped brooch with a central dot around which are four S-shaped birds with large eyes, curved beaks and bodies formed from interlaced lines; the outer sidewall with line decoration and remains of safety chain fixing hole; remains of a pin hinge and catchplate to the reverse. 1⅜ in. (17.4 grams, 35 mm). £800 - 1,000

PROVENANCE:

PROVENANCE:

Ex private German collection, 1980s.

UK gallery, acquired in the 2000s. Property of an English gentleman.

LITERATURE:

Cf. Sedov, B.B., Finno-Ugri i Balti v Epokhi Srednevekovija, Moscow, 1987, pl.ZII (33).

382

SCANDINAVIAN VIKING DRUM BROOCH WITH INTERLACED PANELS 8TH-9TH CENTURY A.D. A copper-alloy hollow drum-shaped brooch with four raised arms and central knop to the upper face; the outer sidewall with four panels of knotwork, dividing panels with dotted motif, D-shaped protrusion; the upper face with dense zoomorphic ornament; pin and catchplate to the reverse, five studs retaining the bottom plate to the upper. 1¾ in. (71.6 grams total, 45 mm). £4,000 - 6,000 PROVENANCE:

UK gallery, acquired in the 2000s. Property of an English gentleman. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11406-192532.

LITERATURE:

Cf. MacGregor, A. et al., A Summary Catalogue of the Continental Archaeological Collections (Roman Iron Age, Migration Period, Early Medieval), Oxford, 1997, item 2.2; cf. Metropolitan Museum of Art, accession number 53.48.6. FOOTNOTES:

This Scandinavian Vendel period brooch precedes the Viking Era both in history and art style, as we can observe the use of box and disc brooches in both eras. There were lively contacts with continental Europe, and the Scandinavians continued to export iron, fur and slaves; in return they acquired art and innovations, such as the stirrup. Some of the riches were probably acquired through the control of mining districts and the production of iron. The rulers had troops of mounted elite warriors with costly armour, since their graves were found with stirrups and saddle ornaments of birds of prey in gilded bronze with encrusted garnets. The geometric and interlaced patter was popular especially in Scandinavia, although we can find ornaments with similar motif among continental Germanic people. Abstractly designed small brooches like this were fashionable until larger and more massive Viking oval and drum brooches replaced them.

LITERATURE:

Cf. MacGregor, A. et al., A Summary Catalogue of the Continental Archaeological Collections, Oxford, 1997, item 1.9; and cf. Hammond, A.B., Benet's Artefacts of England & the United Kingdom, Fourth Edition, 2021, p.497, VO7-42257, for similar valued £8,000-£10,000.

152

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


384

385

386

384

386

SCANDINAVIAN VIKING BOAR'S HEAD BROOCH COLLECTION

ANGLO-SCANDINAVIAN VIKING STIRRUP MOUNT WITH BULL'S HEAD

7TH-10TH CENTURY A.D.

11TH CENTURY A.D. A group of three Viking and pre-Viking figurative boar's head brooches of different types: one decorated with shallow dots and plain ears; one with two piercings to crown, knop ears, incised figurative facial detailing; a keeled sub-triangular plaque, convex in profile with flanges on the flanks. 1⅜ - 2 in. (42.8 grams total, 35-49 mm). [3] £800 - 1,000

A bronze stirrup mount of Williams's Class A Type 16, composed of a rectangular plaque with high-relief tendril and scroll ornament, facing beast head above with everted ears, pierced lug above; ledge to the reverse. 2 in. (27 grams, 52 mm high). £400 - 600

PROVENANCE:

PROVENANCE:

UK gallery, acquired in the 2000s. Property of an English gentleman.

Found whilst searching with a metal detector near York, North Yorkshire, UK, in 2021.

LITERATURE:

LITERATURE:

Cf. Hammond B., British Artefacts Volume 2 - Middle Saxon and Viking, Witham, 2010, p.42, item 1.1.3-f, for a similar brooch to the boar's head with pricked detailing; also cf. MacGregor, A. et al., A Summary Catalogue of the Continental Archaeological Collections, Oxford, 1997, item 3.29, for type; cf. MacGregor, A. et al. A Summary Catalogue of the Continental Archaeological Collections, Oxford, 1997, item 3.5.

Cf. Williams, D., Late Saxon Stirrup-Strap Mounts, A Classification and catalogue, York, 1997, p.78-79, items 360-363, for type. FOOTNOTES:

This form of stirrup mount is among the rarer types, with only a handful published.

385

ANGLO-SCANDINAVIAN VIKING STIRRUP MOUNT WITH BULL'S HEAD 11TH CENTURY A.D. A bronze stirrup mount of Williams's Class A Type 16, composed of a rectangular plaque with high-relief tendril and scroll ornament, facing beast head above with everted ears, pierced lug above; ledge to the reverse. 2 in. (29 grams, 53 mm long). £600 - 800 PROVENANCE:

Found whilst searching with a metal detector near Hayle, Cornwall, UK. LITERATURE:

Cf. Williams, D., Late Saxon Stirrup-Strap Mounts, A Classification and catalogue, York, 1997, p.78-79, items 360-363, for type. FOOTNOTES:

This form of stirrup mount is among the rarer types, and the present piece is in exceptional condition presenting a deep carved design.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

153


387

VIKING PERIOD DECORATED HORSE PENDANT 10TH-11TH CENTURY A.D. A Finno-Ugric figurative horse pendant with loops below suspending dangles terminating in coiled wire plaques embellished with pellets, representing four legs and a tail, corded and plain band forming the body, ears, nostrils and eyes formed from coiled wire plaques; accompanied by a custom-made display stand. 8½ in. (179 grams total, 21.5 cm high including stand). £800 - 1,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1971-1972. From the collection of the vendor's father. Property of a London, UK, collector. LITERATURE:

387

Cf. Sedov, B.B., Finno-Ugri i Balti v Epokhi Srednevekovija, Moscow, 1987, pl.XLVII (22). FOOTNOTES:

The horse with eight legs is evidenced in Scandinavian folklore where it is called Sleipnir (the slippery one) and is the preferred steed of the god Oðinn (Odin) as it transports him over land, sea and sky. The combination of the eight dangles on the legs and the one on the tail gives the number nine, which was culturally important in northern Europe associated with the cult of Oðinn. Among the Mordvins, the horses of Pur’ginepaz, the thunder god, struck sparks which illuminated the sky.

388

VIKING PERIOD SHIP PENDANT WITH DANGLES 10TH-11TH CENTURY A.D. A Finno-Ugric pendant composed of a figurative boat or ship with a braided body, triangular mast crowned by a ribbed suspension loop, row of loops to the bottom edge suspending lozengiform dangles decorated with pellets; accompanied by a custom-made display stand. 6⅛ in. (168 grams total, 15.5 cm including stand). £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

388

Acquired 1971-1972. From the collection of the vendor's father. Property of a London, UK, collector.

389

ANGLO-SCANDINAVIAN VIKING 'MUSEUM RECORDED' TREFOIL BROOCH 9TH-10TH CENTURY A.D. A bronze trefoil brooch with frond detailing to each of the three radiating arms, bilinear frame and central triangular panel; remains of catch and pin-lug to the reverse; mounted on a custom-made stand. 1⅜ in. (23.65 grams total, brooch: 34 mm). £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

Found near Aylsham, Norwich, Norfolk, 1980s. Accompanied by a copy of a Norfolk Museum Services record slip. LITERATURE:

Cf. Hammond B. M., British Artefacts Volume 2 - Middle Saxon and Viking, Witham, 2010, p.44, item 1.1.5-b; and cf. Hammond, A.B., Benet's Artefacts of England & the United Kingdom, Fourth Edition, 2021, p.500, VO7-0201, valued at £400-£600.

390 389

HIBERNO-NORSE LEAD GAMING PIECE WITH DRAGON-HEAD INLAY 8TH-10TH CENTURY A.D. A gaming piece comprising a D-shaped lead block and inset fragment of Irish Insular Style gilt-bronze metalwork representing the stylised head of a serpent in profile with gaping mouth and large lentoid eye. 1½ in. (62 grams, 36.5 mm). £300 - 400 PROVENANCE:

Found North Yorkshire, UK, 1970's. Ex UK collection. Property of a Portsmouth, UK gentleman. LITERATURE:

Cf. Hammond, B., British Artefacts vol.2 - Middle Saxon & Viking, Witham, 2010, item 1.14-j, for type.

390

154

FOOTNOTES:

The inset metalwork is probably a fragment of an ecclesiastical item of late 7th or 8th century date.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


391

GOTHIC GILDED AND JEWELLED BUCKLE CIRCA 6TH CENTURY A.D. PROVENANCE:

A bronze gilt buckle composed of a rectangular plate with circular cell to each outer and inner corner, six set with a polished garnet cabochon, a large garnet set in an oval cell to the centre, border of raised scrolls; two facing stylised birds' heads to the rear edge creating attachment loops, the eyes formed as circular cells, one set with a garnet cabochon; oval-shaped buckle with sloping upper face decorated with two parallel bands of scroll and pellet ornament, substantial articulate tongue resting in groove, the lower half semicircular in section, guilloche ornament to the flanks, the upper body waisted, terminating with a circular plate decorated with X-motifs on the upper face, horizontal bands to the edges; multiple rivet holes to the body; accompanied by a custom-made display stand. 6 in. (7⅞ in.) (150 grams, 15 cm (292 grams total, 20 cm including stand)). £8,000 - 10,000

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Ex private South German collection. Anonymous sale, Gorny & Mosch, Munich, Germany, no.140, 21 June 2005, lot 565. Accompanied by copies of the relevant Gorny & Mosch catalogue pages. Accompanied by an academic report by Dr. Raffaele D'Amato. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11407-189856. LITERATURE:

Cf. Menghin, W., The Merovingian Period: Europe without Borders, Archaeology and history of the 5th-8th centuries, Germany, 2007, p.299, for similar type (occasional find from burials in Mount Mithridat, Kertsch, Saint Petersburg, Hermitage, inv. no.1820/385); Shinakov, E.A., Fedosov, A.V., ‘Weapons and Armours of Germanic and Nomadic origin in the Middle Desna Region (the end of the fourth-the Sixth centuries)’ in Pinker, Z.K., Nitoi, A., Urduzia, C., Rela ii Interetnice în Transilvania : militaria mediaevalia în Europa central i de sudest, Sibiu, 2018, pp.17-31, especially figs. pp.28-30; cf. also I Goti (the Goths), Milano, 1994.

155


392

392 ‡

VISIGOTHIC BUCKLE WITH INLAYS 6TH CENTURY A.D. A large buckle composed of a rectangular plate decorated with some later polychrome glass inlays arranged in rectangular and triangular cells, oval buckle with chamfered sides, D-section tongue with square plate bearing X-motif; accompanied by a custom-made display stand. 6 in. (7¼ in.) (155 grams, 15 cm (302 grams total, 18.5 cm including stand)). £3,000 - 4,000 PROVENANCE:

Ex N.K., Paris-Geneva (1910-1996); thence by descent. Accompanied by an academic report by Dr. Raffaele D'Amato. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11408-189847.

393

LITERATURE:

Cf. Menghin, W., The Merovingian Period: Europe without Borders, Archaeology and history of the 5th-8th centuries, Germany, 2007, p.566-567, for similar; Various, I Goti (the Goths), Milano, 1994, fig.IV.11, IV.13, lett.r.; fig.IV.19, IV.20.IV.24, IV.41, IV.42; cf. an example at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, accession number 1988.305a, b.

393 ‡

MEROVINGIAN DECORATED BUCKLE CIRCA 7TH CENTURY A.D. A Merovingian or Byzantine buckle with waisted plate with decorative knops to the edge and sinuous entwined beasts to the face; five attachment lugs to reverse; D-shaped buckle loop with curved tongue, both detached. 1⅝ - 4⅜ in. (114 grams total, 4.3-11.1 cm). [2] £500 - 700 PROVENANCE:

Ex N.K., Paris-Geneva (1910-1996); thence by descent.

394

LARGE VIKING PERIOD BEAR'S TOOTH PENDANT 9TH-12TH CENTURY A.D. A large bear's tooth set into a copper-alloy pendant setting, decorated with corded wire and a circumferential frieze of filigree loops, suspension loops to the cap. 3⅝ in. (42.1 grams, 92 mm). £600 - 800 PROVENANCE:

394

156

Acquired 1971-1972. From the collection of the vendor's father. Property of a London, UK, collector.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


395

VIKING AGE GOLD FILIGREE DISC PENDANT 9TH-12TH CENTURY A.D. A gold pendant composed of a discoid face and integral suspension loop, decorated with a central filigree cross with bifurcated arms within a braided roundel and applied granules; accompanied by a custommade display stand. 1¼ in. (2¼ in.) (4.52 grams, 33 mm (15.56 grams total, 57 mm including stand)). £800 - 1,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired before 1970. From a Russian collection, thence by descent.

396

AVAR GOLD HORSESHOE-SHAPED BELT MOUNT 6TH-7TH CENTURY A.D. A gold belt hole-guard of semi-circular form with projecting lobe, the surface embellished with symmetrically disposed and chip-carved foliage motifs, three attachment pins on the back. ¾ in. (5.21 grams, 20 mm wide). [No Reserve] £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

Collection formed in the 2000s. Property of an English gentleman.

395

LITERATURE:

Cf. Brown, K.R., Kidd, D., Little, C.T., From Attila to Charlemagne, Arts of the Early Medieval Period in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, Yale, 2000, p.175, figs.15.13, 15.14, for comparable mounts from the Vrap treasure. FOOTNOTES:

The mount was probably part of a composite belt, decorated with scrollwork in Byzantine style. Many authors discuss if these belts were produced in the Eastern Roman capital or if they were realised by workshops of the Avar Khaganate, maybe with Roman matrices for producing sheet ornaments. These horseshoe-shaped mounts (called hole-guards) were used to reinforce the adjustment holes in the belt.

397

SCANDINAVIAN VIKING GILT SILVER PENDANT WITH ODIN GRIPPING TWO RAVENS 9TH-10TH CENTURY A.D. A gilt silver pendant of discoid form with integral suspension loop, displaying the god Odin in the centre, gripping a raven in each hand, pseudo-corded border. ⅞ in. (1.5 grams, 22 mm). [No Reserve] £1,500 - 2,000

396

PROVENANCE:

UK gallery, acquired in the 2000s. Property of an English gentleman. LITERATURE:

Cf. Hammond B., British Artefacts Volume 2 - Middle Saxon and Viking, Witham, 2010, p.57, item 1.5.3-f; cf. Korshyn, V.E., Yazcheskye Priveski Drevnei Rysi XXIV Vekov, Moscow, 2013, item M.2.02. FOOTNOTES:

Odin, also known as Woden in Old Saxon, was the chief god of Eddic mythology and the most versatile of the gods. He is the father of the gods, the god of poetry, the god of the dead, of war, magic, runes and ecstasy. The numerous names for Odin in Old Norse literature exemplify his diversity. According to Snorri Sturluson in the Gylfaginning Odin is one of the first of the gods to be created. Odin is called the All Father because he is the father of all the gods. He lives in Asgard from where he can look over the whole world and is considered to be omniscient, and because of this he is known as 'the extremely wise one.' Odin's attributes are his spear, Gungnir, a ring known as Draupnir, his blindness in one eye and his hat and cloak, all of which form his stereotypical image. Odin's two ravens, Huginn and Muninn, meaning Thought and Memory, are likewise firmly established attributes from the end of the Migration Age onwards, as illustrated in bracteates, pendants and picture stones. The two ravens fly over the whole world and return at breakfast bringing Odin news of many things, and through this he is known as Hrafnagud, or the raven god.

397

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

157


398

399 398

HIGH-STATUS SCANDINAVIAN VIKING SNARLING DRAGON MOUNT 9TH CENTURY A.D. A silver mount featuring a chip-carved knotted scheme between scrolling flanks, dragon’s head terminal with upturned nostrils and snarling mouth revealing two rows of vicious teeth; flat back with three studs for attachment; mounted on a custom-made stand. ⅞ in. (2¼ in.) (7 grams, 23 mm (21 grams total, 57mm including stand)). £1,500 - 2,000 PROVENANCE:

Previously in a North European collection. Ex UK collection. Nigel Mills, East London, UK. Property of a Cambridgeshire, UK, gentleman. LITERATURE:

Cf. Williams, G. edn., Vikings life and legends, The British Museum, London, 2014, p.24, for two animal heads of comparable form.

399

VIKING GAMING PIECE WITH ALFRED THE GREAT PENNY 9TH CENTURY A.D. A circular lead gaming piece, the top inset with a silver penny coin of King Alfred the Great of Wessex (871-899 A.D.) depicting a stylised profile bust with +AELBRED REX inscription. ⅝ in. (22.54 grams, 18 mm). £800 - 1,000 PROVENANCE:

Found near Newark, UK, by Ken Burrell whilst searching with a metal detector on 29th May 2022. LITERATURE:

See S. 1057-1061, for coin types.

400

VIKING AGE DECORATED SILVER BRACELET 9TH-12TH CENTURY A.D. A penannular silver bracelet with arms tapering towards D-section terminals, raised medial rib flanked above and below by stamped chevrons composed of pelletted triangles and strings of annulets. 2⅝ in. (31.6 grams, 68 mm). £400 - 600 400

158

PROVENANCE:

Acquired Munich, Germany, late 1990s. Property of an East London gentleman.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


Medieval & Post Medieval Lots 401 - 476 Also see lots 1578 - 1844


401

MEDIEVAL LIMESTONE STATUE OF THE VIRGIN AND CHILD 14TH CENTURY A.D. A large carved limestone statue of the standing Virgin Mary carrying infant Jesus on her raised left arm; wearing a high crown with flowers and a veil, beautifully carved oval-face with delicate facial features and downcast eyes, framed with wavy locks emerging from underneath the veil, dressed in a belted tunic and voluminous coat falling in supple drapes around her body; the infant dressed in a long tunic and holding a bird in his left hand; traces of pigment and gilding; mounted on a custom-made stone base. 45¾ in. (105 kg, 116 cm high). [No Reserve] £4,000 - 6,000 PROVENANCE:

Osenat, 30 June 2013, lot 158. Ex central London gallery. Accompanied by an academic report by Dr Raffaele D'Amato. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11409-192181.

160

LITERATURE:

Cf. for a similar example of a late 14th century statue, see the tympanum of the door of the church of the convent of El Carme (Barcelona), in National Art Museum of Catalonia, Barcelona, Spain, Inventory no. 009878-000; cf. other similar examples in the MET, accession nos. 41.190.279 (first half of 14th century); 37.159 (1340 circa); 39.63 (1300-1330); no.17.120.1; cf. Lee, J. M., ‘A Souvenir on Your Hat: Medieval Christian Pilgrims' Badges’ In Raguin, V.C., Bangdel, D. and Peters, F.E., Pilgrimage and Faith: Buddhism, Christianity, and Islam, Chicago, 2010, p.204, fig.1. FOOTNOTES:

The Virgin and Child represents one of the most frequent subjects in the Gothic medieval sculpture in the 14th century, motivated by the development of the cult of the Virgin and the increase in the veneration of Mary. These carvings were not limited to churches, but were also found in shrines, entrances to towns, and inside private chapels. The youthful and elegant appearance of our Virgin and Child links it to the international Gothic style, responding to the same ideals of grace and beauty. The long wavy hair, the rounded forehead, the almondshaped eyes and the delicate smile are widespread stylistic features found in several regions among Germany and France (in particular Lorraine, Burgundy, Île-de-France, Loire Valley, Bourbonnais, Meuse Valley). Despite this, Mary maintains the image of the Queen of Heaven and of the Universe, highlighted by the crown that frames her head. The presence of the bird in the hands of the child is a clear reference to the events narrated in the Apocryphal Gospels, where the Infant Jesus transformed terracotta birds into real birds. However, the bird was also a well-known symbol of the human soul and represented the Christ himself.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


402

MEDIEVAL HEAD OF A HOLY WARRIOR FROM MARTINVAST CASTLE FRANCE, CIRCA 1520 A.D. PROVENANCE:

A stone head, all that remains of the statue of a holy warrior once displayed in Martinvast Castle, modelled in the round wearing a pleated collar, semi-naturalistic detailing to his facial features, high cheek bones, slender nose and mouth, a turban crowning his head of wavy hair; mounted on a custom-made display stand, with old Sotheby's label with reference number '794LD' to base. 12⅝ in. (1.2 kg total, 32 cm high including stand). [No Reserve] £4,000 - 6,000

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Collection Schickler-Pourtales, Chateau Martinvast (burnt down in a fire on 14th January 1944). Ex central London gallery. Accompanied by a copy of a previous typed and illustrated catalogue page. Accompanied by scholarly note TL05441 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11410-192189.

161


403

404

403

404

LARGE MEDIEVAL CRUSADER PERIOD CARVED CAPITAL

MEDIEVAL STONE CAPITAL WITH FOUR FACES

12TH-13TH CENTURY A.D.

LANGUEDOC, FRANCE, 12TH CENTURY A.D.

A large stone architectural column capital modelling curled acanthus leaves, rising from a narrow stem, curving outwards and away from each other 18⅛ in. (118.4 kg, 46 cm high). £1,200 - 1,700

A carved, square-topped limestone capital, a stylised human head facing outwards from each corner, each with shoulder-length hair, an elongated U-shaped face featuring heavily-lidded almond-shaped eyes with recessed pupils, straight nose; traces of gilding. 8⅝ x 8⅝ in. (13.6 kg, 22 x 22 cm). [No Reserve] £800 - 1,000

PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1970s-1996. Property of a North American collector. London collection, 2016. Accompanied by an archaeological report by Dr. Raffaele D’Amato.

PROVENANCE:

French trade, 2013. Ex central London gallery.

LITERATURE:

Cf. Lassalle, V., ‘Les chapiteaux, l’organisation du décor et quelques particularités architecturales de l’église Notre-Dame, à Saignon (Vaucluse)’ in Archéologie du Midi médiéval. Tome 20, 2002, pp.37-55, for similar capitals with foliate interlaces, fig.4; Franklin, J.A., ‘The Romanesque Sculpture of Norwich and Norfolk: The City and its Hinterland – some observations’ in British Archaeological Association, 2015, vol. XXXVIII, pp.135-161, figs.9, 10; Fogg, S., Architecture and Ornament, 22 October-19 November, 2020, London, 2020, figs.2,4 and especially 24, from France.

162

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


405

405

MEDIEVAL CAPITAL AND CORBEL HEAD FROM THE PRIORY OF MOUTIERS-SAINT-JEAN FRANCE, BURGUNDY, CIRCA 1225-1250 A.D. A white limestone corbel-capital probably from the destroyed Cluniac priory of Moutiers Saint Jean, composed of a capital on the left decorated with deeply undercut crockets, corbel with a carved head on the right; from a carved doorway or window which carried a pointed arch. 17¾ in. (22.8 kg, 45 cm). [No Reserve] £4,000 - 6,000 PROVENANCE:

Salles des Vantes Pillet, 1 July 2007, lot 168. Ex central London gallery. Accompanied by a copy of a previous four page typed and illustrated report. Accompanied by scholarly note TL05442 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11411-192174.

406

MEDIEVAL CORBEL WITH FIGURE OF A WINGED HARPY FRANCE, 13TH CENTURY A.D. A limestone corbel displaying a carved winged harpy with a human head and bird wings showing feather detailing, roundel displaying a stylised flower head encompassed by recessed circles; mounted on a custom-made display base. 12⅝ in. (6.4 kg total, 32.1 cm high including stand). [No Reserve] £500 - 700

406

PROVENANCE:

Christie's, 19 June 2018, lot 34. Ex central London gallery.

407

ENGLISH MEDIEVAL ARCHITECTURAL FRAGMENT RAMSEY ABBEY

FROM

RAMSEY ABBEY, HUNTINGDONSHIRE, 12TH CENTURY A.D. A limestone fragment of sub-triangular form, bearing what is possibly a fruit adorned by a wreath; possibly a roof boss or corbel element; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 9 in. (3.08 kg total, 23 cm high including stand). [No Reserve] £800 - 1,000 PROVENANCE:

Collection of George Zarnecki (1915-2008). Ex central London gallery.

407

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

163


408

ANGLO-NORMAN LIMESTONE FONT CIRCA 12TH CENTURY A.D. A large carved pale ochre limestone font in three sections comprising: a discoid stepped base, plain columnar shaft, and barrel-shaped bowl with incised circumferential rings to the outer face; available to view at our Harwich head office only. 37½ in. (299 kg total, 95 cm). £6,000 - 8,000 PROVENANCE:

From Sussex, UK. Private collection formed in the 1960s Oswestry, Shropshire, UK, collection. Ex Howell collection. Accompanied by an off-print: McClain, Aleksandra Baptism and Burial in Stone: Materializing Pastoral Care in Anglo-Norman England, Volume 7, 2018, p.10, fig.4, where it shows a very similar example of 12th century in date from Ellerburn Church. Accompanied by an Art Loss Register certificate no.S00156424. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11412-193070.

164

LITERATURE:

Cf. a very similar 12th century font from Ellerburn, Ryedale, North Yorkshire in McClain, A., Baptism and Burial in Stone: Materializing Pastoral Care in AngloNorman England, Volume 7, 2018, p.10, fig.4; and a circular font bowl in Tollerton St. Perter, Southwell and Nottingham Church; another round font believed to be Norman or Anglo-Saxon in Lydford Church of St. Pedrock, Okehampton, West Devon; also see Zarnecki, G., Holt, J. & Holland, T., English Romanesque Art 1066-1200, London, 1984, for discussion.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


409

MEDIEVAL MARBLE RELIEF OF AN ANGEL AND A DONOR ITALY, VENICE OR VENETO, 1490-1500 A.D. A Pentelic marble relief depicting a kneeling donor and angel; the donor wearing a pleated tabard split along the sides and belted at the back, over-shirt gathered above the elbow; schematic facial features; angel facing right, wearing flowing robes, textured feather detailing to the wings, downcast head with naturalistic facial detailing; background of lozenges occupied by stylised foliate motifs, likely imitating a cloth of honour; traces of gilding on the hair of the angel and drilling for pupils of the eyes; traces of polychrome. 16¼ in. (13.7 kg, 41.2 cm high). [No Reserve] £6,000 - 8,000 PROVENANCE:

Marc-Arthur Kohn SARL, 4 August 2010, lot 187. Ex central London gallery. Accompanied by a copy of a previous typed catalogue page. Accompanied by an academic report by Dr. Raffaele D'Amato. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11413-192178. LITERATURE:

Cf. Passuello, A., ‘Per la scultura tardogotica veneta. Due opere di Antonio da Mestre in diocesi vicentina’ in Arte Cristiana, No.898, Jan-Feb. 2017, pp.19-28, figs.1,3,5; Wright, A., Frame work: honour and ornament in Italian Renaissance art, Yale, 2019. FOOTNOTES:

The relief, from a tomb or tabernacle, was likely once located next to an image of a patron saint or, most probably, Virgin and Child. It belongs to a category of figures in high-relief, made by itinerant workshops for altarpieces and choir screens in churches in northern Italy and especially in Venice, but the workshop could also be a consolidated one. The angel, with its soft facial features and weighty, voluminous folds of drapery, represents the medieval style of sculpture typical of late North Italian Gothic and especially Venetian in the late 15th century A.D. This style is visible in famous monuments, like the magnificent grave of the Doge Mocenigo, realised between 1476 and 1481 in Venice by Pietro and Tullio Lombardo, today kept in the Church of Saint John and Paul in Venice.

410

MEDIEVAL LIMESTONE FIGURE OF SAINT ROCH CIRCA 15TH CENTURY A.D.

409

A carved oolitic limestone figure of Saint Roch, standing wearing a draped floor-length robe and hooded cloak, gripping a crook in his right hand and supporting a model tower in his left; his hound sitting beside his left leg; mounted on a wooden plinth base with dais. 6½ in. (9⅝ in.) (627 grams, 16.7 cm high (1 kg total, 24.5 cm high including stand)). [No Reserve] £600 - 800 PROVENANCE:

From a 1970s collection, based on the custom-built display base. Property of a Glasgow lady. Accompanied by scholarly note TL05434 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz. FOOTNOTES:

The stone was probably sourced from the English Midlands.

410

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

165


411

MEDIEVAL LIMOGES PROCESSIONAL CROSS 13TH-15TH CENTURY A.D. A processional cross comprised of nailed copper-alloy sheaths, the surface decorated with rosettes and other motifs enamelled in champlevé on the four arms, light blue background and central flower in turquoise and red; on the lower arm an applied champlevé enamelled bronze figural mount of Virgin Mary with red nimbus, central bronze Corpus Christi wearing a crown of thorns, arms extended to the sides, short loincloth; the sides of the cross decorated with embossed volutes; the reverse with copper-alloy rivets, applied central roundel with enamelled bust of a saint (John, the Evangelist?) holding the Gospel in his left hand and right hand raised in benediction; mounted on a custom-made wooden display stand. 22⅝ in. (2.7 kg, 57.5 cm high including stand). £40,000 - 60,000 PROVENANCE:

Deceased estate collection of Pierre-Noël Drain (1929-2021), former director of fine arts in Dijon. A very eclectic collection which included many remarkable 'Haute Époque' pieces. Accompanied by an academic report by Dr. Raffaele D’Amato. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11414-190982.

166

LITERATURE:

See Dalton, O.M., Fitzwilliam Museum McClean Bequest Catalogue of the Mediaeval Ivories, Enamels, Jewellery, Gems and Miscellaneous Objects Bequeathed to the Museum by Frank McClean, M.A., F.R.S., Cambridge University Press, 1912 (2009); Walters Art Gallery, Painted Enamels of Limoges, Baltimore, 1968; Campbell, M., An Introduction to Medieval Enamels, London, 1983; Toman, R., Romanesque Architecture, Sculpture, Painting, Cologne, 1997; Stratford, N., Catalogue of Medieval Enamels in the British Museum. Vol. II - Northern Romanesque Enamel, London, 1993; Metropolitan Museum of Art, accession number 17.190.332, for similar. FOOTNOTES:

This cross is an exceptional example of Romanesque art combining champlevé enamel appliqués, flat panels with geometric ornament, and figural pieces with heads modelled in the round and garments formed as flat polychrome panels. However this piece has a long history, and is composed of elements from different periods; the Limoges cross and the façade plaques date from the late 13th century; while the circular plaque on the reverse, also from Limoges, dates from the second quarter of the 13th century; and the figure of Christ from Central France is from the 15th century A.D.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


412

MEDIEVAL PROCESSIONAL CROSS NORTH ITALY, 15TH CENTURY A.D. AND LATER A gilt copper-alloy processional cross assembled on a later wooden core; the obverse with a central nimbate Corpus Christi wearing a crown of thorns, arms extended, short loincloth covering the pudenda, the arms of the cross with decorative finials, with applied sheets depicting the three symbols of the evangelists (eagle, angel and ox, i.e. Saints John, Luke and Matthew) on the upper, right and left arms, the lower arm with an angel; the reverse with an applied bust of an angel (possibly depicting Archangel Michael or Luke the Evangelist) with a floral appliqué above and below, the top and bottom arm with bull appliqués for Saint Matthew, and both the side arms with an angle appliqué; the cross resting on a petalled sphere with a slightly flaring shaft, probably from another cross; mounted on a custom-made wooden display stand. 25 in. (30½ in.) (2.9 kg total, 63.5 cm (77.5 cm including stand)). £6,000 - 8,000 PROVENANCE:

From an old Parisian collection, 1980s. Property of an Oxfordshire, UK, gentleman. Accompanied by an academic report by Dr. Raffaele D'Amato. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11415-192819.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

LITERATURE:

Cf. Mezzacasa, L. M., ‘Per un corpus di croci astili tra Veneto e Trentino (secoli XIV-XV)’, in Hortus Artium Medievalium, 19 (2013), pp. 433-447, figs. 1, 5, 6, 16, 26. FOOTNOTES:

The sheets composing the cross seem to be of North Italian workmanship of 15th century A.D. However, the cross has been reconstructed later with original elements that were probably disposed in a slightly different way. All metalwork retains some of its original gilding, the cross has been repaired and although the appliqués are contemporary, may not all be original to the cross. However, taking into consideration that these crosses were in use for centuries, many were continuously restored, sometimes not being disposed exactly as they should have been. Four of the five angels (two looking right, and the other two looking left) were probably originally disposed around the Christ on a cross, while the figures of the Evangelists (the lion of Saint Mark is absent, probably replaced with an angel) were a better frame for the single central angel on the reverse, possibly evoking the Evangelist Luke or Saint Michael. It is to be noted that this figure is bearing the chalice of the Christ’s passion (or of the Holy Bread) in his hands and at least two of the other angels had objects linked with the passion of Christ: the holy sponge and the holy robe, while the other two have objects which are now difficult to interpret. The representation of the Tetramorphs is a common subject on the processional crosses and comes from the vision of Ezekiel (1,10).

167


413

414

415

416

413

415

MEDIEVAL LARGE SEAL MATRIX WITH ROBED FIGURE

'THE GREAT WOLDS VALLEY' MEDIEVAL GOLD RING WITH ROSE-COLOURED GARNET

14TH-15TH CENTURY A.D.

13TH CENTURY A.D. A bronze seal matrix with facetted stem and pierced pentagonal finial, incised orientation cross to top face; circular die with outer rim bearing enigmatic legend; standing robed figure with one hand extended towards a kneeling winged figure. 1 in. (15.5 grams, 25.3 mm). £600 - 800 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1970s. Ex UK collection. Property of a Portsmouth, UK gentleman.

414

MEDIEVAL GOLD 'IN GOOD FAITH' DECORATED POSY RING 14TH-15TH CENTURY A.D. A gold ring with slightly concave hoop with French inscription '* Par bon foy' (in good faith) in Gothic black-letter, stylised flowers between; remains of black inlay. ¾ in. (1.80 grams, 19.00 mm overall, 17.21 mm internal diameter ( approximate size British N, USA 6½, Europe 13.72, Japan 13)). [No Reserve] £2,000 - 3,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired on the UK antiques market between 1974-1985. Albert Ward collection (part 4), Essex, UK. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11416-191702.

A slender gold ring composed of a D-section hoop and box bezel flanked by narrow collars decorated with incised lines, bezel set with a polished garnet cabochon. ⅞ in. (1.59 grams, 22.01 mm overall, 17.40 mm internal diameter ( approximate size British N½, USA 6¾, Europe 14.35, Japan 13)). £1,000 - 1,400 PROVENANCE:

Found whist searching with a metal detector near Scarborough, North Yorkshire, UK, by Mr K.J. Umpleby on Thursday 6th January 2011. Accompanied by a copy of the British Museum's Portable Antiquities Scheme (PAS) report number YORYM-59EC70. Accompanied by a copy of a letter from the British Museum disclaiming the Crown's interest in the find with treasure reference number 2011 T34. Accompanied by an offprint concerning Robert or Durand de Butterwyk who resided in the manor where the ring was found.

416

MEDIEVAL SOLID GOLD RING CIRCA 11TH-14TH CENTURY A.D. A gold ring composed of a carinated hoop with rectangular, trumpetstyle bezel set with polished garnet and decorated with shallow punched geometric motifs. ⅝ in. (2.90 grams, 17.30 mm overall, 12.30 mm internal diameter). £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1970-2010. Collection of a late Japanese gentleman.

168

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


417

417

MEDIEVAL SILVER-GILT LITURGICAL CHALICE FRANCE, CIRCA 1500-1520 A.D. A tall silver-gilt chalice with bell-shaped bowl, hexagonal stem divided in two with a central compressed knob, each face decorated with foliage motifs, the central ornamental knob with six raised lentoid shields with engraved floral motifs, enclosed within foliage in relief; the foot formed from a large down-swept hexagon ending with rounded lobes; one lobe with a cross botonny enclosed in a tondo; the space between each lobe engraved with a cherub head. 6⅞ in. (278 grams, 17.5 cm high). [No Reserve] £3,000 - 4,000 PROVENANCE:

Antiquitaten Metz GmbH Kunstauktionen, 28 November 2015, lot 40. Ex central London gallery. Accompanied by an academic expertise by Dr. Raffaele D’Amato. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11417-192186. LITERATURE:

Cf. British Museum, inventory no. 1855,1201.9; cf. also Williamson, P. (ed.), The Medieval Treasury: The Art of the Middle Ages in the Victoria and Albert Museum, London, 1986, pp.208-209; Ritoók, A., ‘Chalice of the Calixtines – Inscribed Bohemian Chalices from the Carpathian Basin’ in Acta Historiae Artium, Tomus 59, 2018, pp.173-188, fig.1, for similar. FOOTNOTES:

This chalice, for serving the Holy Communion, is a rare surviving example of goldsmith's work produced in Northern France, maybe in Rouen or Paris, the most important cities for metalwork in the north of France. Beautifully constructed with much of the original gilding, the bell-shaped bowl set on a hexagonal stem and its flared hexagonal foot, making it a beautiful example of liturgical objects from the French Renaissance. It was a well-known practice in later medieval wills for wealthy women to donate a chalice or chalices to the church and to frequently bequeath other metal objects that could be used as raw materials by the church, to transform them into elaborate items. This richly decorated chalice is a clear example of the sumptuous objects the wealthy church devotees supported through their patronage, and a rare survivor of the great artistic tradition of Gothic and Renaissance silver, considering the destruction and the melting of holy objects during the French Revolution.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

418 418

FRENCH MEDIEVAL GILT SAINT JOHN STATUETTE FRANCE, POSSIBLY BURGUNDY, 15TH CENTURY A.D. A gilt figure of saint John, modelled in the half-round, standing nimbate, wearing a voluminous floor-length robe, holding a chalice in his proper left hand; C-section reverse with two loops for attachment; accompanied by a custom-made display stand. 2⅝ in. (4¾ in.) (53 grams, 66 mm high (92 grams total, 12 cm high including stand)). [No Reserve] £500 - 700 PROVENANCE:

Guy Onghena, Belgium. Christie's, 4 November 2020, lot 24. Ex central London gallery.

169


419

'THE CAWOOD' MEDIEVAL TWO-HEADED SERPENT BROOCH 13TH-14TH CENTURY A.D. A silver-gilt annular brooch formed of two crescentic halves representing intertwined serpents, with each of four tapering arms forming a coiled snake's head which over-shoots the brooch frame with near-symmetrical effect, creating a figure-of-eight on two sides; recess for articulate, D-section tongue, stylised punched dot and transverse groove detailing to the serpents' heads and scaly bodies; the two brooch halves bound together with gold butt-jointed collars. ¾ in. (1.49 grams, 18 mm). £500 - 700

419

PROVENANCE:

Found whilst searching with a metal detector by Ronald Heaps on Friday 24th January 2020, near Cawood, North Yorkshire, UK. Accompanied by a copy of the British Museum's Portable Antiquities Scheme Report (PAS) number SWYOR-1AD008. Accompanied by a copy of the report for H M Coroner under the Treasure Act; a letter from the British Museum informing the Coroner that the Crown's interest has been disclaimed; and a copy of the Treasure receipt from the Department for Digital, Culture, Media & Sport. FOOTNOTES:

The British Museum's Portable Antiquities Scheme (PAS) notes: 'No parallel for this type of brooch has yet been identified... This is a find of note and has been designated: County / local importance.'

420

MEDIEVAL SILVER BOWL WITH FLOWERS 16TH CENTURY A.D. OR EARLIER A dipping bowl raised from a single sheet of silver, decorated with a circumferential frieze of repoussé flower heads, everted rim and shallow basal ring. 5¼ in. (43 grams, 13.3 cm wide). £1,800 - 2,400 PROVENANCE:

Acquired in the late 1980s-early 1990s. Important North West London collection.

420

LITERATURE:

Cf. a bowl in silver with similar decoration in Read & Tonnochy, Catalogue of the silver plate: mediaeval and later bequeathed to the British museum by Sir Augustus Wollaston Franks, K.C.B., with selected examples from other sources, London, 1928, n.88. FOOTNOTES:

Silver bowls represented a small universe of artistic styles, motifs and symbols, preserved still in the Medieval period, from harmonious ancient forms, motifs of vines, Christian deer and birds, through Romanesque or Gothic rosettes, fearsome beasts and mythical medieval creatures, to virtuoso ornamentation, endless vines and geometric arabesques. They were used for drinking and for the Holy Liturgy in East, especially for the wine accompanying the bread given after the Holy Communion (Antidoron).

421

ENGLISH MEDIEVAL STAINED GLASS QUATREFOIL WITH CHRIST CIRCA 1500 A.D. A framed quatrefoil stained glass panel showing Christ seated at the centre, holding a sceptre with the Lamb of God at his feet, between a bull (Saint Luke) and an eagle (Saint John). 26⅝ x 24⅞ in. (4.9 kg, 67.5 x 63 cm). [No Reserve] £3,000 - 4,000 PROVENANCE:

Sybille Kummer-Rothenhausler collection. Ex central London gallery. Accompanied by a copy of a previous a typed catalogue page with provenance. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11418-192173. LITERATURE:

Cf. Caviness, M. et al., Stained Glass before 1700 in American Collections: MidAtlantic and Southeastern Seaboard States, Corpus Vitrearum Checklist II, Volume 23, Washington, 1987, p.81, for a pair of similar half-length figures.

421

170

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


422

422

LARGE FRENCH MEDIEVAL AND LATER STAINED GLASS WINDOW PAIR 13TH CENTURY A.D. AND LATER A pair of stained glass pointed-arch windows each in a substantial wooden frame, with inset figural roundels, vegetation and tendrils, heraldic motifs, complete and fragments, all dating from between the 13th and 17th century. 47¼ - 47⅝ in. (25.3 kg total, 1.20-1.21 m). [2, No Reserve] £2,000 - 3,000 PROVENANCE:

Collection of Paul W. Doll, Jr. (1926-2020). Ex central London gallery. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11419-192197.

423

MEDIEVAL DUTCH STAINED GLASS ROUNDEL DEPICTING THE NATIVITY NETHERLANDS, 16TH CENTURY A.D. A stained glass roundel depicting a Nativity scene; suspension loops to circumference. 9¼ in. (390 grams, 23.5 cm). [No Reserve] £600 - 800 PROVENANCE:

UK private collection. Ex central London gallery.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

423

171


424

MEDIEVAL FRENCH STAINED GLASS HEAD OF A BEARDED MAN FRANCE, TROYES, CIRCA 1530 A.D. A large, polychrome fragment of stained glass window in a lead-alloy frame, portraying the head of a youthful bearded male in profile, facing left. 7⅛ in. (122 grams, 18 cm). [No Reserve] £500 - 700 PROVENANCE:

Michel Acezat (d.1943). By descent until sale, Galerie de Chartres, 8 March 2009, lot 7 (part). Ex central London gallery. Accompanied by a copy of a previous typed and illustrated catalogue page. FOOTNOTES:

The drawing style and graphic quality of our item can be closely compared with windows surviving in-situ in Troyes churches, that of Saint Pantaleon for example, which was re-glazed following a fire in 1524 A.D.

424

425

425

MEDIEVAL MEDALLIONS SHOWING ROMAN EMPERORS FRANCE, PARIS, CIRCA 1530-1540 A.D. A group of two polychrome stained glass medallions in lead frames: a laureate and bearded male bust of a Roman emperor Lucius Verus facing right, 'MAX AVR VERVS AVG ARM PARTHICVS' legend around; bearded emperor Commodus wearing a lionskin hood, 'M AEL AVREL COMM AVG PFEL' legend around. 9½ in. (595 grams total, 24-24.2 cm). [2, No Reserve] £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

Property of a Parisian family, 7th arrondissement; by descent. Ex central London gallery.

426

MEDIEVAL FRENCH STAINED GLASS SINGING ANGEL FRANCE, TROYES, CIRCA 1530 A.D.

426

A polychrome stained glass fragment in a lead frame, displaying a chubby-faced angel looking upwards and right, his mouth open in song, yellow curls bouncing around his temples and falling to the base of his neck; suspension loop to top edge. 6⅛ in. (101 grams, 15.5 cm). [No Reserve] £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

Michel Acezat (d.1943). By descent until sale, Galerie de Chartres, 8 March 2009, lot 7 (part). Ex central London gallery.

172

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


427

LARGE MEDIEVAL STATUE OF SAINT JOHN THE EVANGELIST EARLY 15TH CENTURY A.D. A large carved wooden statue of Saint John the Evangelist standing robed and bare-footed, his head slightly inclined and hands interlocked and clasped at the chest so as to convey a contemplative attitude, the cuffs of his voluminous sleeves and the folds of his cloak falling sumptuously, the tassels of his belt resting within the deep, undulating pleats of his gown, his naturalistic face framed by immaculate curls of hair; retaining original polychrome pigmentation; an old label affixed to the rear; mounted on a later sympathetic base. 45 in. (27.3 kg, 114 cm high). £12,000 - 17,000

LITERATURE:

Cf. a Late-Gothic wooden statues of St John the Evangelist from a crucifixion in Dá ová,H., and Pražáková, M. (eds.), UPROST ED KORUNY ESKÉ Gotické a ran renesan ní um ní východních ech 1250—1550, (IN THE MIDDLE OF THE CZECH CROWN - Gothic and Early Renaissance Art of Eastern Bohemia 1250—1550, in Czech), Muzeum východních ech v Hradci Králové, 2020, pp.142-143, 177. PUBLISHED:

The sculpture is visible on an old photograph of the 'Turmzimmer' (Tower room) of the Poschwitz castle, in Gabelentz, H. Von der, Über ein halbes Jahrtausend auf angestammter Scholle. Geschichte der Herren von der Gabelentz auf Poschwitz 1388-1938, (Over half a millennium on our land of origin. History of the Lords von der Gabelentz on Poschwitz 1388-1938), Bibliographisches Institut Leipzig, 1938, p.106; see also catalogue of Nagel, Alte Kunst & Antiquitaten, Fine Arts and Antiquities, Berlin, 16 Dezember 2021, no.2787. FOOTNOTES:

PROVENANCE:

Within the inventory of Poschwitz Castle, Altenburg, Germany. From the collection of a Thuringian noble family. Private collection of Hans von der Gabelentz (ex director of the Weimar-Goethe Museum). Kept in his castle-residence and visible on an old photograph of the 'Turmzimmer'. Accompanied by an academic report by Dr. Raffaele D'Amato. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11420-190981.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Formerly owned by nobility and itemised within an inventory of Poschwitz Castle, dating to the first half of the 15th century. This statue is a rare survivor retaining original, uncleaned polychrome. The existence of a moated castle in the current location of what is now known as Poschwitz Castle was first mentioned in 1264. The Lord of the Castle at the time was Otto von Poschwitz. The castle became the property of the von der Gabelentz family in as early as 1388. It unfortunately burned down to its foundation walls in 1507. It then passed on to Frederick von der Gabelentz, one of Albrecht von der Gabelentz' greatgrandsons, who commissioned the construction of today's Renaissance-style castle. The statue was part of a wood carving group representing the crucifixion, with the central figure of Christ on the cross, before him Saint Mary and Saint John.

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428

MEDIEVAL ITALIAN TERRACOTTA HEAD OF ST. ANNE ITALY, 15TH CENTURY A.D. A terracotta head, likely representing Saint Anne, modelled as an older woman wearing a wimple which covers her head and neck; executed with a semi-naturalistic, oval-shaped face, cleft chin, heavylidded eyes and slender, painted brows; traces of original polychrome pigmentation, particularly to the headdress with its light blue exterior and red-crimson interior lining, yellow or gold pigmentation to the undulating veil hem; hollow reverse. 6⅛ in. (1.15 kg, 15.6 cm high). [No Reserve] £2,000 - 3,000 PROVENANCE:

Collection Altounian-Rousset (1890-1954). Artcurial, 18 September 2019, lot 123. Ex central London gallery. Accompanied by a copy of a previous typed and illustrated catalogue page. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11421-192193. LITERATURE:

Cf. Sheingorn, P., The Wise Mother: The Image of St. Anne Teaching the Virgin Mary, Gesta, vol.32, no.1, 1993, pp.69-80.

428

FOOTNOTES:

The identity of this figure has been linked to Saint Anne owing to a reference in a receipt book belonging to a former owner of the head. The book notes that in 1921, the owner at that time acquired 'Tete sainte Anne, terre cuite XVe siecle'. Saint Anne was an important figure during the Middle Ages. The Gospel of James, written c.150 A.D., narrates the life of the Virgin Mary. The story tells of the Virgin Mary's parents, Joachim and Anne, who were not able to have children. One day, Anne received a visitation from an angel who informs her that she will be able to have a child. Anne promises God that she will dedicate the baby's life to the service of God. The majority of the surviving iconography of Saint Anne from the later medieval period depicts Anne as an older woman wearing a wimple; for example, in a 15th century Book of Hours of Sarum Use; in a 15th century panel painting by the Italian painter Ambrosius Benson, and an early 16th century South Netherlandish sculpture.

429

ENGLISH MEDIEVAL HANDLED FLASK 15TH-16TH CENTURY A.D. A wheel-thrown redware flask composed of a stout, piriform body, strap handle and pinched mouth, splayed foot; decorative lead glaze to the upper body; label to base: 'THE / HENRY SANDON / COLLECTION / E.140'. 8⅝ in. (745 grams, 22 cm high). [No Reserve] £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

Ex Henry Sandon collection. Brunk Auctions, 18 January 2014, lot 25 (part). Ex central London gallery. Accompanied by a copy of a previous typed catalogue page.

429

430

430

MEDIEVAL STONEWARE HANDLED FLASK 15TH CENTURY A.D. A piriform stoneware flask with broad cylindrical neck, strap handle and splayed foot. 6½ in. (371 grams, 16.5 cm high). [No Reserve] £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

Private collection, Germany, 2021. Ex central London gallery.

431

MEDIEVAL ENGLISH 'SHOREDITCH' BORDER WARE CHAMBER POT SURREY-HAMPSHIRE BORDER, MID 16TH CENTURY A.D. A wheel-thrown ceramic Surrey-Hampshire Border Ware chamber pot with globular body, cordon to shoulder, strap handle and foot ring; remains of pale green glaze to interior; to one side in white ink: 'SHORE DITCH / 8.1 32 / XVI.C..' and in pencil to the base: 'DOVER ST SHOREDITCH' 7½ in. (826 grams, 19 cm wide). [No Reserve] £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

Found Shoreditch, London, UK. Brunk Auctions, 18 January 2014, lot 25 (part). Ex central London gallery. Accompanied by a copy of a previous typed catalogue page.

431

174

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


432

433

432

433

MEDIEVAL SET OF TILES WITH KNIGHTS AND DRAGONS

MEDIEVAL FRENCH TILE DEPICTING HUNTING DOGS

GERMANY, POSSIBLY UPPER RHINELAND, MID 15TH CENTURY A.D.

FRANCE, POSSIBLY BEAUVAIS, LATE 15TH CENTURY A.D.

A set of four earthenware floor tiles carved in relief with grapes, vine leaves, buds, human figures and dragons, including two knights holding shields and raising clubs in their right hands, confronting dragons with menacing claws; mounted on perspex. 16⅛ x 16⅛ in. (10.8 kg, 41 x 41 cm). [No Reserve] £1,000 - 1,400

A square ceramic tile stamped with a design composed of two hounds running right amongst stylised plants, framed by a plain line border. 5 x 5 in. (730 grams, 12.7 x 12.8 cm). [No Reserve] £400 - 600

PROVENANCE:

PROVENANCE:

Mark Van Veen, 2014. Ex central London gallery.

Swiss private collection, 2008. Ex central London gallery. Accompanied by a copy of a previous typed catalogue page. LITERATURE:

Cf. Berendsen., Tiles: A General History, London, 1967, p.54; cf. Landgraf, E., Ornamentierte Bodenfliesen Mittelalters in Sud-und Westdeutschland, 11501550: Musterkatalog, Stuttgart, 1993, figs. A34, A35, A70, pp. 18, 26, 145, 175. FOOTNOTES:

The four figures are locked in an eternal battle within a circular frame. Tiles measuring the same size and displaying a similar composition and dated c.1432-1479, are recorded in Wilten, near Innsbruck, Austria. Now held in the Bayerisches Nationalmuseum.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

175


434

MEDIEVAL FRENCH TILE WITH GALLOPING HUNTSMAN FRANCE, LATE 15TH-EARLY 16TH CENTURY A.D. A square ceramic tile with stamped, honey-glazed design composed of a huntsman sounding a horn, mounted on a horse galloping left, tree in the background. 5 x 5 in. (535 grams, 12.6 x 12.6 cm). [No Reserve] £600 - 800 PROVENANCE:

With Etude Tajan, 10 December 2013, lot 66. Ex central London gallery. Accompanied by a copy of a previous typed catalogue page.

434

LITERATURE:

Cf. Mayer, J., Pavement Carreaux de Sol en Champagne au Moyen Age et a la Renaissance, Paris, 1999, motif no. 10, pp.100-211; cf. Norton, E.C., 'De l'Aquitaine a l'Artois: Carreaux Stannifere et Carreaux Plombiferes des XIII et XIVe siecles en France' in Rosen and Crepin-Lebrond, Images du pouvoir, pavements de faience en France du XIIIe au XVIIe siecles, Lyon, 2000, pp.2448. FOOTNOTES:

The later medieval period witnessed a renaissance in the use of tiles in the Touraine and Champagne regions. Popular motifs from the 13th century were revived, as can still be seen in the Cathedral of Bayeux, Calvados, where mounted huntsmen, running deer, boar and oak trees are dated to the 15th century. The stamp that made this tile of a galloping huntsman is not so carefully modelled and hence may be a copied design dating to the later period.

435

MEDIEVAL ENGLISH LIMESTONE DRAPERY FROM DEVIZES CASTLE DEVIZES CASTLE, 12TH CENTURY A.D. 435

A trapezoidal limestone fragment bearing drapery detailing in high and low relief; remains of red and blue pigmentation. 4½ in. (696 grams, 11.4 cm). [No Reserve] £300 - 400 PROVENANCE:

Collection of George Zarnecki (1915-2008). Ex central London gallery.

436

MEDIEVAL FRENCH TILE WITH GRAPEVINE FRANCE, 15TH CENTURY A.D. A square ceramic tile bearing a stamped motif composed of fruiting vines winding diagonally across the face; honey-coloured glaze. 5⅜ x 5¼ in. (985 grams, 13.6 x 13.4 cm). [No Reserve] £300 - 400 PROVENANCE:

436

Benjamin Proust, 2015. With Bonham's, sale 17227, 17 May 2017, lot 88 (part) with label to verso. Ex central London gallery.

437

MEDIEVAL FRENCH TILE DEPICTING A SHOEMAKER NORTH EASTERN FRANCE, AISNE, 15TH CENTURY A.D. A square ceramic tile with a design depicting a shoemaker seated on a stool, engaging in his craft; remains of honey-coloured glaze. 5⅛ x 5⅛ in. (868 grams, 13.2 x 13 cm). [No Reserve] £300 - 400 PROVENANCE:

Benjamin Proust, 2015. Ex central London gallery.

437

176

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


438

440

439

441

438

440

MEDIEVAL 'THAMES' SAINT THOMAS BECKET IN A HEXAFOIL FRAME PILGRIM'S BADGE

MEDIEVAL 'THAMES' EAGLE IN FRAME RETAINER'S BADGE 14TH CENTURY A.D.

13TH-14TH CENTURY A.D. A detailed pewter pilgrim's badge with a facing mitred bust of Thomas Becket within an almost complete beaded hexafoil frame of pointed arches and tracery infill; with a small note giving a reference. 1½ in. (4.55 grams, 37 mm). [No Reserve] £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

Found on the Thames foreshore, London, UK. Acquired on the UK antiques market between 1974-1985. Albert Ward collection (part 4), Essex, UK. LITERATURE:

See Spencer, Brian, Medieval Finds from Excavations in London - Pilgrim Souvenirs and Secular Badges, Museum of London, 2010, no.116b, for a very similar piece; see Mitchiner, Michael, Pilgrim and Secular Badges, Hawkins, 1986, no.106, for an almost identical example. FOOTNOTES:

The story of the martyrdom of Thomas at the hands of Reginald FitzUrse, Hugh de Morville, William de Tracy and Richard le Breton is well known; Thomas was in conflict with Henry II and had only recently returned from exile in France when these four knights, seeking to please Henry, travelled to Canterbury and slew Thomas in the cathedral; Henry was obliged to do public penance for the act and Becket's shrine became the major focus for pilgrimages in Britain and beyond.

439

PUBLISHED MEDIEVAL 'THAMES' SAINT THOMAS BECKET IN A HEXAFOIL FRAME PILGRIM'S BADGE 13TH-14TH CENTURY A.D. A complete pewter pilgrim's badge of Thomas Becket depicting his facing mitred bust within a beaded hexafoil frame of arches with pin to reverse; with a small note giving the reference. 1⅛ in. (2.37 grams, 29 mm). [No Reserve] £300 - 400 PROVENANCE:

Found on the Thames foreshore, London, UK. Acquired on the UK antiques market between 1974-1985. Albert Ward collection (part 4), Essex, UK. PUBLISHED:

Spencer, Brian, Medieval Finds from Excavations in London - Pilgrim Souvenirs and Secular Badges, Museum of London, 2010, no111a, (this piece). FOOTNOTES:

The story of the martyrdom of Thomas at the hands of Reginald FitzUrse, Hugh de Morville, William de Tracy and Richard le Breton is well known; Thomas was in conflict with Henry II and had only recently returned from exile in France when these four knights, seeking to please Henry, travelled to Canterbury and slew Thomas in the cathedral; Henry was obliged to do public penance for the act and Becket's shrine became the major focus for pilgrimages in Britain and beyond.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

A large retainer's badge showing a facing eagle with wings spread wide within a broad circular beaded and lined frame with pin remnant to reverse; with a small card giving details. 2 in. (10.7 grams, 50 mm). [No Reserve] £300 - 400 PROVENANCE:

Found on the Thames foreshore, London, UK. Acquired on the UK antiques market between 1974-1985. Albert Ward collection (part 4), Essex, UK. LITERATURE:

Cf. Beuningen, van Asperen, Koldeweij and Piron, Heilig en Profan 4, Rotterdam Papers 14, 2018, no.3985, for a generally similar but smaller type found in the Netherlands. FOOTNOTES:

The eagle appears as a symbol used by both royalty and nobility in the Medieval period; eagles are often seen on coats of arms and as crests and are depicted on other heraldic items such as horse harness pendants and mounts.

441

PUBLISHED MEDIEVAL 'THAMES' THREE DIMENSIONAL SAINT THOMAS BECKET PILGRIM'S FIGURINE 13TH-14TH CENTURY A.D. A hollow tin figure modelled in the round as St Thomas Becket in full robes holding a long cross in his left hand and with right arm raised in blessing; the head, right hand and upper part of cross absent; with a small note confirming the publication. 2¼ in. (9.01 grams, 56 mm). [No Reserve] £200 - 300 PROVENANCE:

Found on the Thames foreshore, London, UK. Acquired on the UK antiques market between 1974-1985. Albert Ward collection (part 4), Essex, UK. LITERATURE:

See Spencer, Brian, Medieval Finds from Excavations in London - Pilgrim Souvenirs and Secular Badges, Museum of London, 2010, no.26a, for a very similar and entire example; see See Mitchiner, Michael, Pilgrim and Secular Badges, Hawkins, 1986, nos.10-11, for other pieces. PUBLISHED:

Spencer, Brian, Medieval Finds from Excavations in London - Pilgrim Souvenirs and Secular Badges, Museum of London, 2010, no.26c (this piece). FOOTNOTES:

These pilgrim figurines are very rare; it is possible that they were intended to be affixed at the top of a staff. The story of the martyrdom of Thomas at the hands of Reginald FitzUrse, Hugh de Morville, William de Tracy and Richard le Breton is well known; Thomas was in conflict with Henry II and had only recently returned from exile in France when these four knights, seeking to please Henry, travelled to Canterbury and slew Thomas in the cathedral; Henry was obliged to do public penance for the act and Becket's shrine became the major focus for pilgrimages in Britain and beyond with badges and other items being made for the pilgrims to take home with them.

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442

443

444

442

443

PUBLISHED MEDIEVAL 'THAMES' EXECUTION OF THOMAS EARL OF LANCASTER PILGRIM'S BADGE

MEDIEVAL 'THAMES' HEAD OF SAINT THOMAS BECKET PILGRIM'S BADGE

14TH CENTURY A.D.

14TH CENTURY A.D.

A significant part of a pewter pilgrim's badge depicting the robed executioner of Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster standing facing left as viewed and wielding the sword of execution; held in a card sleeve for display and with a small note confirming the published reference. 1⅝ in. (3.49 grams total, 42 mm including card). [No Reserve] £200 - 300

A pewter pilgrim's badge in the form of the facing mitred head of Thomas Becket showing a pronounced 'double' chin feature, with pin to reverse; with small card giving details. 1½ in. (3.94 grams, 41 mm). [No Reserve] £300 - 400

PROVENANCE:

Found on the Thames foreshore, London, UK. Acquired on the UK antiques market between 1974-1985. Albert Ward collection (part 4), Essex, UK. LITERATURE:

See Mitchiner, Michael, Pilgrim and Secular Badges, Hawkins, 1986, nos.263265, for other parts of this badge type; see Spencer, Brian, Medieval Finds from Excavations in London - Pilgrim Souvenirs and Secular Badges, Museum of London, 2010, no.212a, and British Museum no.1954, 0502.1, for a large and complex badge depicting scenes from the events leading to the execution of Thomas. PUBLISHED:

Spencer, Brian, Medieval Finds from Excavations in London - Pilgrim Souvenirs and Secular Badges, Museum of London, 2010, no.212d (this piece). FOOTNOTES:

Thomas was executed by beheading 22 March 1322 near to Pontefract Castle after his conviction for high treason following his rebellion against Edward II (who was his cousin) and his defeat at the battle of Boroughbridge. Thomas was tried by a tribunal comprising Hugh Despenser, Earl of Winchester and his son together with Edmund Fitzalen, Earl of Arundel and King Edward II where he was not allowed to speak in his defence nor to be represented; the king commuted the sentence from the normal 'hanged, drawn and beheaded' penalty for treason to simple beheading. After his death, miracles were said to have occurred at his tomb, which became a place of pilgrimage; some of his bones are said to have been discovered at an auction sale held in Colchester, Essex, 1942 following their reported removal from Pontefract Castle in 1885. Badges for this shrine are very rarely seen, mostly recorded as a few fragments from London deposits.

PROVENANCE:

Found on the Thames foreshore, London, UK. Acquired on the UK antiques market between 1974-1985. Albert Ward collection (part 4), Essex, UK. LITERATURE:

See Spencer, Brian, Salisbury & South Wiltshire Museum Medieval Catalogue 2 - Pilgrim Souvenirs and Secular Badges, S&SW Museum, 1990, no.23, which also shows the distinctive chin feature; see Spencer, Brian, Medieval Finds from Excavations in London - Pilgrim Souvenirs and Secular Badges, Museum of London, 2010, no.83-84, for similar examples.

444

MEDIEVAL 'THAMES' SAINT THOMAS BECKET PILGRIM BADGE LATE 15TH CENTURY A.D. A lead-alloy pilgrim's badge depicting mitred bust of St Thomas Becket, the episcopal mitre surmounted by a cross, the upper part of the chasuble visible; pin to the reverse. 1½ in. (2.76 grams, 40 mm). £300 - 400 PROVENANCE:

Found in Thames mud approximately 50 yards south of London Bridge. Acquired 1980s. Collection of M. Cummings, Lincolnshire, UK. Ex J.M. collection. Accompanied by a typed collector's catalogue sheet. LITERATURE:

Cf. Hammond, A., Artefacts of England & the United Kingdom, Fourth Edition, Coggeshall, 2021, p.775, no.M-240116. FOOTNOTES:

The badge is a pilgrim souvenir from Canterbury, intended to commemorate the famous reliquary known as Caput Thomae, the head of Thomas. The reliquary had the form of a richly jewelled mitred bust, and pilgrim badges, as this one, indicate that the head-reliquary became one of Canterbury's principal attractions to pilgrims.

178

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


445

446

445

446

MEDIEVAL EMBROIDERED PILLOW WITH THE STORY OF ESTHER

ETHIOPIAN BOOK OF PSALMS

GERMANY, UPPER RHINE, STRASBOURG, CIRCA 1540 A.D.

13TH-15TH CENTURY A.D.

An embroidered pillow or cushion displaying the story of Esther, here kneeling crowned before the king, banner above bearing German text 'Die Künc(g)in Ester'; polychrome corded hem; bronze-coloured reverse. 21¼ x 19 in. (1.1 kg, 54 x 48 cm). [No Reserve] £600 - 800

A book of psalms composed of 105 parchment folios bearing private and public prayers in black handwritten Ge'ez text with highlighted sections in red ink; stitch marks to the outer edge of the leaves suggesting that they were re-bound at some stage; binding likely later, comprising blind-tooled leather over wooden boards and spine, with triple fillet and small annulets; two later leather carrying pouches, one slotting into the other; held in a custom-made book-style case entitled in gold lettering: 'MS. NO. 19 / PSALTER / ETHIOPIC'. 6½ x 4½ in. (7¼ x 5¾ in.) (670 grams, 16.5 x 11.5 cm (1 kg total, 18.5 x 14.5 cm including case)). [No Reserve] £800 - 1,000

PROVENANCE:

Private collection, Paris, 2021. Ex central London gallery. FOOTNOTES:

Esther was a young Jewish woman who lived during the Persian diaspora. She found favour with the king, became queen, and risked her life to save the Jewish people when a court official persuaded the king to authorise an empire-wide pogrom.

PROVENANCE:

Previously Zion Research Library, Endowment collection. Ex Newberry Library, Chicago, USA (MS.19.1955). Ex central London gallery. Accompanied by a copy of a library description for 'MS. 19'. FOOTNOTES:

G ’ez is the liturgical language of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

179


447

GOLD ENAMELLED RING WITH RUBY CIRCA 1870 A.D.

447

A spectacular gold ring echoing the 16th century designs of Pierre Woeiriot, with a raised box bezel set with a large ruby cabochon, supported by the extended wings of nude putti; each putto emerging from a flower with chubby facial features and recessed eyes, short hair with delicately modelled curls, the long wings with blue and green enamel leaving the incised feather detailing visible; the body enclosed within the pistil of the flower, indicated by white enamelled stamens, the petals set with alternating rubies and emeralds; the rectangularsection decorative hoop with white enamel scrolls and lines to the sides. 1⅛ in. (12.73 grams, 29.76 mm overall, 18.61 mm internal diameter ( approximate size British Q½, USA 8¼, Europe 18.12, Japan 17)). £12,000 - 17,000 PROVENANCE:

Ex collection of Ralph Esmerian, Paris and New York. Accompanied by scholarly note TL05436 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11422-191969. LITERATURE:

Cf. Scarisbrick, D., Rings Jewellery of Love, Loyalty and Power, London, 2013, p.273, for similar.

448

ELIZABETHAN GOLD AND DIAMOND RING 16TH-17TH CENTURY A.D. 448

A gold ring composed of a bezel formed of six cells set with early cut diamonds with a later slender D-section hoop. 1 in. (4.61 grams, 22.29 mm overall, 16.85 mm internal diameter ( approximate size British M, USA 6, Europe 12.46, Japan 12)). £3,500 - 4,500 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1960s-1990s. Late Alison Barker collection, a retired London barrister. Accompanied by scholarly note TL05437 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11423-192503. LITERATURE:

Cf. The British Museum, museum number AF.2015, for similar.

449

STUART PERIOD GOLD RING WITH HANDS HOLDING JEWELLED HEART CIRCA 17TH CENTURY A.D. 449

A gold betrothal or love ring composed of a D-section hoop, openwork bezel formed as two hands with simple finger delineation holding a heart, set with a pyramid-cut blue sapphire, stylised sleeve cuff detailing at the shoulders. ⅞ in. (5.91 grams, 23.04 mm overall, 18.51 mm internal diameter (approximate size British Q½, USA 8¼, Europe 18.12, Japan 17)). £1,000 - 1,400 PROVENANCE:

Acquired Munich, Germany, late 1990s. Property of an East London gentleman.

450

GEORGIAN GOLD SKULL RING WITH GEMSTONE EYES CIRCA 18TH CENTURY A.D. A gold finger ring composed of a D-section hoop and bezel with skull and crossed-bones, facetted stone set into each eye. 1 in. (5.15 grams, 22.77 mm overall, 18.71 mm internal diameter ( approximate size British N, USA 6½, Europe 13.72, Japan 13)). £800 - 1,000 450

180

PROVENANCE:

Acquired Munich, Germany, late 1990s. Property of an East London gentleman.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


451

GEORGIAN GOLD RING WITH PORTRAIT INTAGLIO 18TH CENTURY A.D. A gold finger ring with hoop formed of two parallel rods divided to support the bezel; tapering elliptical bezel with inset cast glass intaglio portrait bust in profile of a bearded male with short curly hair. 1 in. (9.62 grams, 23.35 mm overall, 17.07 x 18.44 mm internal diameter (approximate size British N, USA 6½, Europe 13.72, Japan 13)). £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1970s. Collection of jewellery formed by a lady.

451

LITERATURE:

Cf. Chadour, A.B., Rings. The Alice and Louis Koch Collection, volume I, Leeds, 1994, p.982, for type.

452

GOLD 'I WISH YOUR HEALTH' DECORATED POSY RING LATE 16TH-17TH CENTURY A.D. A gold ring with a small D-section hoop engraved with a hunting scene to the exterior composed of bounding hounds and antlered deer, the hoop interior with 'I wish your health' inscription and maker's mark 'M' within shield-shaped cartouche.½ in. (1.17 grams, 14.05 mm overall, 12.52 mm internal diameter). [No Reserve] £300 - 400 PROVENANCE:

Acquired on the UK antiques market between 1974-1985. Albert Ward collection (part 4), Essex, UK.

452

LITERATURE:

Cf. The V&A Museum, accession number 906-1871, for a comparable ring.

453

GOLD 'NO CHANGE TIL DEATH' POSY RING 17TH-18TH CENTURY A.D. A gold ring composed of a D-section hoop and 'no . chaing . til . death.' inscribed to the interior. ⅝ in. (2.15 grams, 18.24 mm overall, 16.30 mm internal diameter ( approximate size British K½, USA 5½, Europe 10.58, Japan 10)). [No Reserve] £500 - 700 PROVENANCE:

Acquired on the UK antiques market between 1974-1985. Albert Ward collection (part 4), Essex, UK.

453

LITERATURE:

Cf. The Portable Antiquities Scheme, record id.OXON-CDC628, for very similar inscription.

454

GOLD 'I DO REJOICE' POSY RING 18TH-19TH CENTURY A.D. A slender gold annular band inscribed 'I do Rejoice' to the interior, followed by a lion in a cartouche and 'BG' maker's mark within a cartouche. ⅝ in. (1.00 grams, 17.48 mm overall, 16.20 mm internal diameter (approximate size British K, USA 5¼, Europe 9.95, Japan 9)). [No Reserve] £300 - 400 PROVENANCE:

Acquired on the UK antiques market between 1974-1985. Albert Ward collection (part 4), Essex, UK.

454

455

GOLD 'KEEP FAITH TIL DEATH' POSY RING 16TH-17TH CENTURY A.D. A gold ring composed of a D-section hoop with inscription in black enamelled serif capitals to the interior: 'KEPE FAITH TILL DEATH', with conjoined letter L. ¾ in. (6.51 grams, 21.51 mm overall, 18.87 mm internal diameter ( approximate size British P, USA 7½, Europe 16.23, Japan 15)). [No Reserve] £600 - 800 PROVENANCE:

Acquired on the UK antiques market between 1974-1985. Albert Ward collection (part 4), Essex, UK.

455

LITERATURE:

Cf. The V&A Museum, accession number M.71-1960, for a similar ring with similar inscription; cf. The British Museum's Portable Antiquities Scheme, record id.SUSS-3C7D12, for a similar ring with almost identical inscription.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

181


456

GOLD 'NO GIFT TO GOODWILL' DECORATED POSY RING 17TH-18TH CENTURY A.D.

456

A gold posy ring composed of an annular hoop decorated with parallel wavy lines with billet fill to the exterior, stylised tulip buds within the peaks and troughs between, the hoop interior engraved with the inscription 'No gift to goodwill', followed by a worn maker's mark in rectangular cartouche; some remains of enamelling to exterior. ⅝ in. (1.10 grams,15.15 mm overall, 13.81 mm internal diameter ( approximate size British E, USA 2¼, Europe 2.41, Japan 2)). [No Reserve] £300 - 400 PROVENANCE:

Acquired on the UK antiques market between 1974-1985. Albert Ward collection (part 4), Essex, UK. LITERATURE:

Cf. The British Museum, museum numbers 1961,1202.429 and AF.1264, for comparable decorative designs.

457

GOLD 'GOD ABOVE INCREASE OUR LOVE' POSY RING 18TH-19TH CENTURY A.D.

457

A gold ring composed of a D-section hoop, interior inscribed 'God above increase our love', with 'HB' maker's mark within cartouche. ¾ in. (3.91 grams, 18.95 mm overall, 16.31 mm internal diameter ( approximate size British K½, USA 5½, Europe 10.58, Japan 10)). [No Reserve] £500 - 700 PROVENANCE:

Acquired on the UK antiques market between 1974-1985. Albert Ward collection (part 4), Essex, UK.

458

GOLD 'IN THY BREAST LET VIRTUE REST' POSY RING 18TH CENTURY A.D. A slender gold annular band with plain exterior, interior with 'In thy breast let vertue rest' inscription and possible 'WE' maker's mark in rectangular cartouche. ¾ in. (1.14 grams, 19.39 mm overall, 17.84 mm internal diameter ( approximate size British N½, USA 6¾, Europe 14.35, Japan 13)). [No Reserve] £500 - 700 458

PROVENANCE:

Acquired on the UK antiques market between 1974-1985. Albert Ward collection (part 4), Essex, UK. LITERATURE:

Cf. The British Museum, museum number 1961,1202.356, for similar ring with this inscription and AF.1236, for what is possibly the same maker's mark for William Edwards (active 1800-1846).

459

GOLD 'VERTU PASETH RICHES' DECORATED POSY RING 17TH-18TH CENTURY A.D. A gold ring composed of a D-section hoop, worn circumferential motif to the exterior, interior inscribed 'Vertu paseth riches'.½ in. (1.61 grams, 14.88 mm overall, 13.49 mm internal diameter ( approximate size British D½, USA 2, Europe 1.78, Japan 1)). [No Reserve] £300 - 400 PROVENANCE:

Acquired on the UK antiques market between 1974-1985. Albert Ward collection (part 4), Essex, UK.

459

182

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


460

GOLD 'MY X HART X YOU X HAVE' DECORATED POSY RING 16TH-17TH CENTURY A.D. A gold posy ring composed of a D-section hoop with exterior divided into three circumferential bands of square cells, likely once enamelled; inscribed 'MY x HART x YOV x HAVE' in serif capitals to the interior. ⅝ in. (0.89 grams,15.07 mm overall, 13.46 mm internal diameter ( approximate size British D½, USA 2, Europe 1.78, Japan 1)). [No Reserve] £400 - 600

460

PROVENANCE:

Acquired on the UK antiques market between 1974-1985. Albert Ward collection (part 4), Essex, UK. LITERATURE:

Cf. The Portable Antiquities Scheme, record ids. HAMP-5A6040 and SFC57DAD, for similar rings and inscriptions.

461

GOLD 'HEARTS UNITED LIVE CONTENTED' POSY RING 17TH-18TH CENTURY A.D. A gold posy ring composed of a D-section hoop and 'Hearts united live contented' inscription to interior; 'RC' maker's mark in rectangular cartouche, possibly for Robert Coker I. ¾ in. (3.16 grams, 19.30 mm overall, 17.07 mm internal diameter (approximate size British L, USA 5¾, Europe 11.24, Japan 10)). [No Reserve] £400 - 600

461

PROVENANCE:

Acquired on the UK antiques market between 1974-1985. Albert Ward collection (part 4), Essex, UK. LITERATURE:

Cf. The British Museum, museum number 1961,1202.74, for what is possibly the same maker's mark.

462

GOLD 'IN THE I DELIGHT' POSY RING 16TH-17TH CENTURY A.D. A gold posy ring composed of a D-section hoop, interior inscribed 'IN x THE x I x DELITE ~' (In thee I delight) in serif capitals. ⅝ in. (2.82 grams, 17.88 mm overall, 15.94 mm internal diameter ( approximate size British J, USA 4¾, Europe 8.69, Japan 8)). [No Reserve] £400 - 600

462

PROVENANCE:

Acquired on the UK antiques market between 1974-1985. Albert Ward collection (part 4), Essex, UK.

463

GOLD 'CONTENT IS A TREASURE' DECORATED POSY RING 17TH CENTURY A.D. A slender gold posy ring with a circumferential medial rib to the exterior, 'Content is a treasur' inscribed to the interior of the hoop; maker's mark 'TS' stamped in a rectangular cartouche, possibly for the London ringmaker Thomas Sharp. ⅝ in. (1.21 grams, 18.15 mm overall, 15.72 mm internal diameter ( approximate size British J½, USA 5, Europe 9.32, Japan 9)). [No Reserve] £400 - 600

463

PROVENANCE:

Acquired on the UK antiques market between 1974-1985. Albert Ward collection (part 4), Essex, UK. LITERATURE:

Cf. The British Museum, museum number 1961,1202.471, for a very similar ring with what appears to be the same maker's mark.

464

GOLD 'THE GIFT OF A FRIEND' POSY RING 17TH-18TH CENTURY A.D. A gold ring composed of a D-section hoop and '* The geft of a frende ' inscription to the interior. ⅝ in. (2.05 grams, 17.21 mm overall, 15.36 mm internal diameter ( approximate size British I½, USA 4½, Europe 8.07, Japan 7)). [No Reserve] £300 - 400

464

PROVENANCE:

Acquired on the UK antiques market between 1974-1985. Albert Ward collection (part 4), Essex, UK.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

183


465

LARGE SPANISH SILVER PROCESSIONAL CROSS 16TH-17TH CENTURY A.D. The front plate of a silver-gilt processional cross with a Corpus Christi modelled in the round, crowned with a crown of thorns and wearing a short loincloth; the arms of the cross with fleur-de-lis finials decorated with foliage motifs; each arm with a quatrefoil once filled with translucent enamel and now set with a later appliqué depicting each of the four Evangelists (ox, angle, eagle and lion) with an inscribed scroll below bearing the names of Saints Luke, Mark, John and Matthew; a central roundel with an expanding arm cross behind Christ; the surfaces of the cross with foliate and floral decoration, the perimeter with delicate foliate projections; silver mark of Daroca atelier on the right arm of the cross; mounted on a later wooden support. 18¼ in. (758 grams, 46.5 cm high). [No Reserve] £4,000 - 6,000 PROVENANCE:

Lopez de Aragon, Madrid, 2014. Ex central London gallery. Accompanied by an academic report by Dr. Raffaele D'Amato. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11424-192204.

184

LITERATURE:

Cf. Metropolitan Museum of Art, accession number 1982.363.1, for a parallel made in Aragon, Spain; cf. Gómez-Moreno, C., Medieval Art from Private Collections: A Special Exhibition at The Cloisters, October 30, 1968 through January 5, 1969, New York, 1968. no.140; Galerie Koller Zürich and Spink & Son, The Ernest Brummer Collection, auction sale from 16th to 19th October 1979 at the Grand Hotel Dolder, Vol.1, Zurich, 1979, no.177, pp.260-61; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Notable Acquisitions, 1982-1983, New York, 1983, pp.23–24; Parker, E. C., ‘Recent Major Acquisitions of Medieval Art by American Museums’ in Gesta 23, no.1, 1984, p.71, fig.9. FOOTNOTES:

The town of Daroca in the Zaragoza province was a centre for the production of silver and translucent enamel during the 15th and 16th centuries A.D. Crosses of this size, produced in great number in these ateliers, were elaborately decorated and meant for processional use rather than as an altar cross. This cross is of a type developed in northern Spain that would have originally contained translucent enamel plaques, usually applied in the quatrefoils (here later decorated with the images of the four Evangelists).

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


466

467

468

469

466

468

SILVER APOSTLE PETER STATUETTE

SILVER CARYATID STATUETTE

18TH CENTURY A.D. OR EARLIER

18TH-19TH CENTURY A.D.

A silver figure modelled in the round as Apostle Peter standing on a polygonal base, wearing a floor-length robe and clasping the key to the gate of Heaven to his breast, semi-naturalistic facial detailing, beard and hair. 2½ in. (50.13 grams, 65 mm). [No Reserve] £500 - 700

A silver figurine of a caryatid modelled in the round wearing a peplos dress, standing with one leg advancing; lower portion absent, mounted on a metal support on a perspex base. 3½ in. (89.3 grams, 91.2 mm). £400 - 600

PROVENANCE:

PROVENANCE:

Austrian private collection since circa 1995. Ex central London gallery.

From the late Alison Barker collection, a retired London barrister; from her collection formed early 1960s-1990s.

467

469

SILVER APOSTLE PAUL STATUETTE

VIRGIN AND CHILD FIGURE

18TH CENTURY A.D.

NETHERLANDS, 19TH CENTURY A.D. OR EARLIER

A silver figure modelled in the round as the Apostle Paul, standing on a polygonal base, wearing a voluminous floor-length robe, clasping the Bible to the right side of his breast, holding a sword in his left hand, semi-naturalistic detailing to his face, beard and hair. 2⅝ in. (58.2 grams, 66 mm high). [No Reserve] £500 - 700

A bronze figure of the Virgin Mary standing crowned, cradling the infant Christ in her left arm whilst placing his hand on the globe in her right hand; detailing to Mary's hair, face and robes; framed by an integral flaming aureole. 6⅛ in. (528 grams, 15.5 cm high). [No Reserve] £600 - 800

PROVENANCE:

PROVENANCE:

Austrian private collection since circa 1995. Ex central London gallery.

Private collection, Auvergne, Central France, 2016. Ex central London gallery.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

185


470

471

470

471

DOMINATE PORTRAIT OF A GOD

MARBLE HEAD OF A GENERAL

17TH CENTURY A.D. OR EARLIER

19TH-20TH CENTURY A.D.

A Renaissance marble portrait of a god with naturalistic facial features, short curly hair and beard, his gaze directed downwards and left; modelled in the half-round; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 18⅛ in. (10.1 kg total, 46 cm high including stand). £3,000 - 4,000

A marble head depicting a notable Roman general or patricius, modelled in the round with short tousled hair combed forward onto the brow in typical military style; broad forehead with heavy ridge and deep-set eyes; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 15¾ in. (16.8 kg total, 40 cm high including stand). £2,000 - 3,000

PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1970s onwards. Ex private collection of Michael O'Hara, Cambridgeshire, UK. Accompanied by scholarly note TL05433 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11425-192626. FOOTNOTES:

In the history of the Roman Empire, the Dominate (284-476 A.D.) succeeded the Principate (27 B.C.-284 A.D.) and was characterised by a more despotic and authoritarian form of government.

PROVENANCE:

Ex Jack Silver collection, 1970. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11426-192110. LITERATURE:

For examples of Roman period sculture on which this head may have been modelled, see Levick, B., Vespasian (Roman Imperial Biographies), London, 1999, for discussion; see Bonanno, A., Roman Relief Sculpture to Septimius Severus, BAR Supplementary Series 6, Oxford, 1976; see Felletti Maj B.M., Museo Nazionale Romano, I Ritratti, Roma, 1953; see Bianchi Bandinelli, R., L'arte Romana nel centro del potere, dalle origini alla fine del II secolo d.C., Roma, 1969; see Scrinari, V. S. M., Sculture Romane di Aquileia, Roma, 1972; see Fittschen K., Zanker P., Katalog der römischen Porträts in den Capitolinischen Museen und den anderen kommunalen Sammlungen der Stadt Rom. Bd. I. Kaiser und Prinzenbildnisse, Mainz am Rhein, 1985; see Brizzolara, A.M., Le sculture del Museo Civico Archeologico di Bologna, La collezione Marsili, Comune di Bologna, Bologna, 1986. FOOTNOTES:

Possibly the portrait of Lucius Licinius Sura, an influential senator and close friend of Emperor Trajan.

186

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


472

VERY LARGE BELLARMINE FLAGON 16TH-17TH CENTURY A.D. An extremely large, stoneware piriform bellarmine flagon bearing bearded 'Bartmann' face-mask, heraldic device below, ribbed handle to reverse. 14 in. (3.2 kg, 35.5 cm high). £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

Acquired Petts Wood, Kent, UK. Property of a Kent collector.

473

'LOVE GOES BEFORE EVERYTHING...' RAEREN BALUSTER JUG FLANDERS, CIRCA 1580-1610 A.D. A cylinder-bellied jug with parallel circumferential grooves to the neck, slightly bulbous body and cylindrical central section, shoulder with radiating bands of ribbed panels, narrow foot with radiating ribbed bands and horizontal grooves; central circumferential frieze with inscription around heraldic medallion with the arms perhaps of the Order of Orange-Nassau on a shield with the motto 'PACE ET JUSTITIA' (Peace and Justice), and the initials I and E above, flanked by the inscription: 'LYFDEN GEIT BOVEN ALE DENCK NEIN SPRICKT DIE PENNINCK ICK BEN SOE LYF EN SOE WERT DAT IDER [MICK] GER[T]' for 'Love goes before everything No, says the penny I am so dear and so precious That everyone wants me'. 7½ in. (650 grams, 19 cm high). £400 - 600

472

PROVENANCE:

With Christie's Christie’s, Auction 5347, British and Continental Ceramics, 26 Feb 1995, lot 66. Collection of M. Cummings, Lincolnshire, UK. LITERATURE:

Cf. the Rijksmuseum, accession number BK-KDG-173, for similar vessel; Schmitz, 'Gres Limburgeois de Raeren' in Bulletin des Commissions d’art et d’archéologie, 20 (1881), 17ff., 51-2; Hellebrandt, H., Hugot, L., Mayer, O.E., Raerener Steinzeug / Fünfundzwanzig Jahre Grabungen im Raerener Land / Aachener Steinzeug. (= Aachener Beiträge für Baugeschichte und Heimatkunst. Herausgegeben von Herbert Lepper. Band 4: Steinzeug aus dem Raerener und Aachener Raum, Aachen, 1977, pl.84; for the inscription see Kohnemann, M., Auslangen aus Raeren Steinzeug, Raeren, 1982, p.238. FOOTNOTES:

In the second half of the 16th century, the Raeren potters developed a new revolutionary technical form variant. This form comprised a foot, a cylindrical middle part, a shoulder and a neck. The cylindrical middle part allowed the insertion of friezes or inscriptions on the jugs, together with the usual coat of arms and medallions, which decorated the jugs from the same period. Perhaps this series was made by Jan Emens in occasion of the Peace of Gent in 1577 A.D., when a medal similar to the 'medallion' on the jug was made to the order of the senior commanders of the Dutch army.

473

474

GERMAN BALUSTER JUG WITH DANCING PEASANTS CIRCA 1580-1610 A.D. A salt-glazed stoneware baluster jug decorated with friezes of stamped and applied moulded motifs, with roundels and pseudoheraldic designs to the neck, stylised leaves encircling the shoulder, panels depicting a peasant dance to the body, 'GERHET :DV :MVS :DAPER :BLASEN :SO :DANSSEN :DI :BVREN :ALS :WEREN :SI :RASEN :FRS :VF :SPRICH :BASTOR :ICH :VER :DANS :DI :KAP :MIT :KOR' below, roughly translating as: 'Gerard you must blow mightily; the boors dance as if they were mad; up speaks the pastor, I dance away my cowl and surplice.'; Raeren, now Belgium. 8⅝ in. (877 grams, 21.8 cm high). £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

Acquired 1980s-1990s. Collection of M. Cummings, Lincolnshire, UK. Accompanied by an old dealer's catalogue card with reference: 'Ref. 667 / 1112 / £590.' LITERATURE:

Cf. The Fitzwilliam Museum, accession number C.2034-1928, for very similar. FOOTNOTES:

The band of dancing figures was derived from Das Bauerenfest (The Peasant Festival) series of prints by Hans Sebald Beham (1500-1550).

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

474

187


475

475

ETHIOPIAN HOMILIES AND MIRACLES OF ST MICHAEL EARLY 19TH CENTURY A.D. A collection of 93 vellum leaves bound into gatherings of around ten leaves, in black inked handwritten Ge'ez text with the typical rubricsopening lines of the main text; divisions; personal names- in two different hands, both by the same scribe and datable to the later part of the Early Räqiq period; the text contains a collection of homilies of St. Michael for each month of the year from Hedar through to T'eqemt, each accompanied by the Synaxarium entry for the Feast of St. Michael on the 12th of the month and a miracle story and sälam hymn; two collections: 19 lines up to f.70; 24 lines from f.72 to end; the owner's name appears as Wäldä Yohannes throughout, often accompanied by that of a scribe named Wäldä Sänbät; a later endnote on folio 92v records a witnessed loan and the date 1917 E.C., i.e. 1924/5; three full-page polychrome paintings; ruling and pricking visible throughout; bound between wooden boards, the front board split and glued; discolouration around the edges of many leaves through use. 8⅞ x 6⅞ in. (1.1 kg, 22.5 x 17.5 cm). [No Reserve] £2,000 - 3,000 PROVENANCE:

Previously in a private collection, New Jersey, USA. Acquired from the antiquarian book trade, 2011. Ex central London gallery. Accompanied by a copy of a typed three page information sheet which includes a more detailed index of the contents and context for the paintings for catalogue entry ms. 15126. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11427-192180.

476

ETHIOPIAN PRAYER SCROLL 19TH CENTURY A.D. A vellum prayer scroll presenting psalm 30/31, composed of black characters with passages highlighted in red, opening with a visual depiction of an angel, a stylised sun towards the middle, a third painting of a cross in blue, yellow and red pigmentation at the end of the psalm; housed in a custom-made box. 63¾ in. (111 grams total, 1.62 m long). [No Reserve] £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

476

188

Ex Newberry Library, Chicago, USA, ORMS no.252. Ex central London gallery. Accompanied by an old fragmentary typed information sheet with elements of outdated interpretation with 'ORMS 252' in pencil to top right.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


Ethnographic Lots 477 - 481

Also see lots 1845 - 1881


478

479

477 477

478

SEYCHELLES SPEAR PADDLE PAIR

PAPUA NEW GUINEA SHIELD

EARLY 20TH CENTURY A.D.

MID 20TH CENTURY A.D. OR EARLIER

A pair of wooden 'spear' canoe paddles of traditional form and with the long leaf-shaped blades decorated with traditional carved patterns. 70¼ in. (1.75 kg total, 179 cm long). [2] £700 - 900

An oviform wooden plaque displaying a geometric scheme in relief with dark staining to the borders; three holes for attachment; pecked reverse; possibly Sepik River area. 56¼ in. (4.1 kg, 1.43 m). £1,000 - 1,400

PROVENANCE:

PROVENANCE:

Acquired Mahe, Seychelles, 1943 by Gilbert Moir, cook aboard HMS Ethiopian. Property of Robert Moir, by inheritance from his late father, 2014. Accompanied by copies of photographs and service papers of Gilbert Moir. Accompanied by a signed hand written letter from Robert Moir describing the circumstances of acquisition.

By repute acquired from Bonhams, c.1990. Property of a London gentleman.

FOOTNOTES:

MID 20TH CENTURY A.D. OR EARLIER

While berthed in the Seychelles for several months in 1943, the ship suffered an act of sabotage to the engines by a crew member which extended the ship's stay in port; the subsequent board of enquiry, while not being able to discover who was guilty, recommended that the entire engine-room crew be dispersed to other ships. Had the guilty person or people been identified, they would of course have faced the death penalty for an act of sabotage during wartime service. The paddles were acquired on the island of Mahe from a local person in exchange for a large tin of corned beef.

479

LARGE PAPUA NEW GUINEA SHIELD

A heavy elliptical painted wooden shield with integral 'handle' at top, carved with figurative human faces, some emerging when the shield is rotated, some merging with animal forms including butterflies (or moths) and birds, creating animal-human hybrids; headdresses decorated with pellet and wave motifs; probably from the Sepik River area. 60 in. (11.5 kg, 154 cm). £1,000 - 1,400 PROVENANCE:

By repute acquired from Bonhams, c.1990. Property of a London gentleman.

190

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


480

LARGE LEATHER TUAREG CAMEL BAG 20TH CENTURY A.D. A leather camel bag stained in various colours and decorated with dense panels of tooled geometric or tribal motifs; rope-style handles. 81 in. (2.3 kg, 2.06 m). [No Reserve] £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

Acquired in Marrakech, 1999. Property of a Manchester, UK, collector. Accompanied by a certificate from Amazonite of Marrakech in French. FOOTNOTES:

The Tuareg people organised trade routes through the Sahara to the northern coastal towns of Africa. They used camel leather painted with tribal motifs for the transportation of goods. This bag would have been used for many years to transport personal possessions such as clothes, drink and food across the Sahara, and possibly goods for trading.

481

INUIT LARGE CARVED BONE FIGURE CIRCA 1900 A.D. A bone stylised figure carved in the half-round standing on a subconical base, the figure holding his arms by his sides, wearing a knee-length hooded parka, raised circular eyes, tapering rectangular nose and broad, elliptical mouth. 17¼ in. (344 grams, 44 cm high). £500 - 700 PROVENANCE:

J. J. Klejman, New York City, 1960s. With Arte Primitivo, New York, USA, 2018. Private collection of Professor Kenneth Graham, London, UK. Accompanied by a copy of the Arte Primitivo listing.

480

481

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

191


Natural History Lots 482 - 500 Also see lots 6000 - 6378


482

HADROSAUR DINOSAUR EGG NEST CRETACEOUS PERIOD, 100 MILLION YEARS B.P. LITERATURE:

A very large and complete hadrosaur dinosaur nest, likely Charonosaurus sp., comprising six complete eggs within original matrix, arranged as the dinosaur would have laid them; the eggs are fully covered in shell material, exhibiting evidence of the original leathery exterior, with minor cracking across the surface, as is usual from these fossils. 12¼ in. (8.38 kg, 31 cm). £4,000 - 6,000 PROVENANCE:

From the Xixia Formation, Henan Provence, China. Private British collection, 1990. Private Shropshire, UK collection. This lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate no.11428-192269.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

See Liang, X., et al., Dinosaur eggs and dinosaur egg-bearing deposits (Upper Cretaceous) of Henan Province, China: Occurrences, palaeoenvironments, taphonomy and preservation, 2009, Progress in Natural Science; see Xing L, et al., Hadrosauroid eggs and embryos from the Upper Cretaceous (Maastrichtian) of Jiangxi Province, China, 2022, BMC Ecology and Evolution. FOOTNOTES:

Hadrosaurs were large dinosaurs, growing up to 10 metres in length, belonging to the ‘Duck-Billed’ group of dinosaurs. They are considered the ‘herd animal’ of the Cretaceous, having been found buried together in their thousands. Dinosaur egg fossils are known from approximately two-hundred sites around the word, particularly in Asia. This nest comes from the Xixia Formation, Henan region of China, which produces some of the best preserved eggs in the world. These eggs can yield entire embryos within them, making them an essential tool for understanding the biology of these creatures.

193


483

FOSSIL KEICHOUSAURUS 'MARINE REPTILE' SKELETON TRIASSIC PERIOD, 250-200 MILLION YEARS B.P.

483

A complete fossil Keichousaurus hui skeleton in a veined rectangular matrix. 9⅞ x 7 in. (1.28 kg, 25 x 18 cm). [No Reserve] £200 - 300 PROVENANCE:

From a Lincolnshire, UK, collection. FOOTNOTES:

Keichousaurus was a late-Triassic marine reptile. It was a member of the Pleurosaur family, which became extinct 250 million years ago during the Triassic-Jurassic extinction event. They were specialised fish eaters, and were highly unusual amongst marine reptiles in that they gave birth to live young rather than laying eggs.

484

FOSSIL KEICHOUSAURUS 'MARINE REPTILE' SKELETON TRIASSIC PERIOD, 250-200 MILLION YEARS B.P. A complete fossil Keichousaurus hui in a rectangular matrix. 12½ in. (2.6 kg, 32 cm). £800 - 1,000 PROVENANCE:

484

Xingyi, Guizhou, China. Acquired 1950s-1960s. Bristol paleontological collection. FOOTNOTES:

Keichousaurus was a late-Triassic marine reptile, and a member of the Pleurosaur family, and went extinct 250 million years ago during the TriassicJurassic extinction event. They were specialised fish eaters, and were highly unusual amongst marine reptiles in that they gave birth to live young rather than laying eggs.

485

FOSSIL KEICHOUSAURUS 'MARINE REPTILE' SKELETON TRIASSIC PERIOD, 250-200 MILLION YEARS B.P. A complete fossil Keichousaurus hui in a rectangular matrix. 12 1/3 in. (2.8 kg, 31.4 cm). £800 - 1,000 PROVENANCE:

Xingyi, Guizhou, China. Acquired 1950s-1960s. Bristol paleontological collection. FOOTNOTES:

485

Keichousaurus was a late Triassic marine reptile, and a member of the Pleurosaur family, and went extinct 250 million years ago during the TriassicJurassic extinction event. They were specialised fish eaters, and were highly unusual amongst marine reptiles in that they gave birth to live young rather than laying eggs.

486

FOSSIL 'SEA SCORPION' IN MATRIX SILURIAN PERIOD, 443-416 MILLION YEARS B.P. A fossil Eurypterus sp. 'sea-scorpion' in a rectangular stone matrix. 5 x 4 in. (640 grams, 12.6 x 10 cm). £200 - 300 PROVENANCE:

From a Lincolnshire, UK, collection.

486

194

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


487

487

MASSIVE PLESIOSAUR MARINE DINOSAUR PADDLE BONE JURASSIC PERIOD, 199-145 MILLION YEARS B.P. A large fossil bone belonging to a marine dinosaur, likely a plesiosaur flipper or 'paddle' bone; Dorset. 38⅛ in. (33.85 kg, 97 cm). £800 - 1,000 PROVENANCE:

Acquired Kempton Fossil Fair, 1990s. Ex Dr D.G., Surrey, UK.

488

LARGE MOSASAUR MARINE DINOSAUR SPINE CRETACEOUS PERIOD, CIRCA 67-65 MILLION YEARS B.P. A one meter section of a large fossil Mosasaur dinosaur spine comprising 17 near fully preserved vertebrae in a matrix; plaster jacket. 39½ in. (55.5 kg, 1.01 m). £800 - 1,000

488

PROVENANCE:

Acquired Spain, 2001. Property of a Leicestershire gentleman.

489

MOSASAUR MARINE DINOSAUR SPINE SECTION CRETACEOUS PERIOD, CIRCA 67-65 MILLION YEARS B.P. A section of large fossil Mosasaur dinosaur spine comprising eight near fully preserved vertebrae in a matrix. 26 in. (26 kg, 66 cm). £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

Acquired Spain, 2001. Property of a Leicestershire gentleman.

489 490

LARGE FOSSIL PLESIOSAUR MARINE DINOSAUR VERTEBRAE IN A MATRIX CRETACEOUS PERIOD, 145-65 MILLION YEARS B.P. A group of four large complete or near-complete fossil vertebrae from a Plesiosaur sp. marine dinosaur, set into a sedimentary stone matrix with plaster backing jacket. 26⅝ in. (11.5 kg, 67.5 cm long). £300 - 400 PROVENANCE:

From a Cambridgeshire, UK, collection. LITERATURE:

See O’Keefe, F.R., The evolution of plesiosaur and pliosaur morphotypes in the Plesiosauria (Reptilia: Sauropterygia), 2002, Paleobiology, 28: 101-112.

490

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

195


491

FOSSIL CRAB ON A MATRIX EOCENE-MIOCENE PERIOD, 58-5.3 MILLION YEARS B.P. The remains of a fossil crab in a sedimentary matrix. 6 in. (1.02 kg, 15.2 cm wide). £300 - 400 PROVENANCE:

From a Lincolnshire, UK, collection.

492

LARGE AFRICAN 'T-REX' DINOSAUR FOSSIL TOOTH

491

CRETACEOUS PERIOD, 145-65 MILLION YEARS B.P. A large African ‘T-Rex’ Carcharodontosaurus saharicus tooth, showing exceptional serration detail; supplied in a display frame. 2½ in. (21.2 grams, 63 mm). [No Reserve] £500 - 700 PROVENANCE:

Private Shropshire, UK collection.

493

FOSSIL AFRICAN 'T-REX' TOOTH CRETACEOUS PERIOD, 145-65 MILLION YEARS B.P. A large dinosaur tooth from Carcharodontosaurus saharicus (African T-rex) with serration and some enamel; held in a white card collector's tray. 3 in. (3 1/3 x 2 1/3 in.) (52 grams, 75 mm long (60 grams total, 80 x 55 mm including tray)). £300 - 400 PROVENANCE:

492

493

494

Tegana formation of the Sahara Desert, Morocco, North Africa. Acquired 1980s. Old Lincolnshire collection. FOOTNOTES:

Carcharodontosaurus saharicus often known as the African T-rex. It was one of the largest predators (larger than its distant North American T-Rex cousin) of all time and is also related to Allosaurus and the South American Giganotosaurus.

494

LARGE FOSSIL AFRICAN 'T-REX' DINOSAUR TOOTH CRETACEOUS PERIOD, 145-65 MILLION YEARS B.P. A Carcharodontosaurus saharicus (African T-rex) fossil dinosaur tooth, with serration and enamel clearly visible; held in a white card collector's tray. 3¼ in. (48.5 grams, 84 mm). £300 - 400 PROVENANCE:

Tegana Formation, Sahara Desert, Morocco, North Africa. From a Cambridgeshire, UK, collection. FOOTNOTES:

495

The Carcharodontosaurus saharicus was one of the largest predators (larger than its distant North American T-Rex cousin) of all time and is related to Allosaurus and the South American Giganotosaurus.

495

VERY LARGE QUARTZ CRYSTAL DISPLAY A museum-quality large quartz crystal cluster, with accessory haematite. 11½ in. (6.3 kg, 29 cm). [No Reserve] £200 - 300 PROVENANCE:

Mineral Imports, London, UK. Gregory, Bottley & Lloyd (Gregory's).

496

EMERALD IN BIOTITE MICA SPECIMEN A substantial specimen of green emerald crystals in biotite mica matrix; supplied in a cardboard specimen tray. 6 in. (680 grams, 15 cm). [No Reserve] £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

496

196

Mineral Imports, London, UK. Gregory, Bottley & Lloyd (Gregory's).

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


497

LARGE 'WINKING SMILEY FACE' CUT AND POLISHED AGATE DISPLAY A cut and polished agate slice displaying crystals to the exposed inner surfaces; a naturally-occurring smiling face formed in the polished surface composed of two large circular eyes and a crescent-shaped mouth. 8 in. (1.48 kg, 20 cm). [No Reserve] £200 - 300 PROVENANCE:

Mineral Imports, London, UK. Gregory, Bottley & Lloyd (Gregory's).

498

GIANT AMETHYST CATHEDRAL GEODE

497

A spectacular free-standing amethyst crystal ‘cathedral’ geode, with flat base and prepared outer surface, with well-defined crystals of various sizes within the cavern, colours ranging from lavender to dark purple. 17¾ in. (22.4 kg, 45 cm high). [No Reserve] £800 - 1,000 PROVENANCE:

From Brazil. Private Shropshire, UK collection.

499 C

MASSIVE VINTAGE BRAIN CORAL GROUP A group of three large, free-standing vintage white 'brain' coral specimens, the largest with a flat area for use a plant stand. 6¼ - 29⅛ in. (27.4 kg total,16-74 cm). [3, No Reserve] £400 - 600 PROVENANCE:

From an older UK collection. Acquired London, UK, circa 1995. Property of a Leicestershire gentleman. FOOTNOTES:

Shipping across international borders is subject to a set of international regulations known as CITES, which ensures the international trade of certain specimens of wild animals and plants does not endanger their survival. Your shipping company can advise and take care of the CITES application process for you.

498

500

GIANT MONKEY LADDER SEA BEAN A very large Entada gigas or sea bean pod, containing nine separate sea bean segments. 31⅛ in. (419 grams, 79 cm). [No Reserve] £300 - 400 PROVENANCE:

From Madagascar. Private Shropshire, UK collection. FOOTNOTES:

Non-CITES species. Entada gigas, the ‘sea bean’ or ‘monkey ladder vine’ is a flowering liana in the Fabaceae pea family. The plant has the longest seed pods in the family, as well as the largest seeds, which can float for miles along sea currents, being washed up on beaches around the world. The seed pod segments snap off, dropping into the river below. The pod segment will quickly rot, revealing the seed or ‘sea bean’ inside. The seed contains a sealed pocket of air, which enables it to float. It can survive for up to two years at sea, and actually requires prolonged exposure to water in order to germinate. Some of these seeds will find their way into the major sea currents, such as the Gulf Stream, and end up washed up on coasts around the world.

499

500

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

197


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TimeLine Auctions

be required In accordance with clause 27. 23. Internet Bidding: live, real-time bidding is available to Bidders through the TimeLine website for all live Auctions. Bidders intending to use any other internet bidding service must Register in advance with that service and the provider’s normal charges at up to 6% (VAT inclusive) will be payable in addition to the Buyer’s Premium. It is entirely the responsibility of the Bidder using any bidding service to ensure that Bids are made accurately; Bids cannot be retracted once made and are binding on the Bidder in all circumstances. TimeLine are not responsible for any technical or other failure which results in Bids not being received. 24. Telephone Bidding: facilities for telephone bidding are available at live Auctions at the discretion of TimeLine for Bidders on Lots with a low estimate in excess of £250 and must be booked and confirmed in advance. It is a condition for acceptance by TimeLine of any telephone bidding request that the Bidder undertakes to execute a minimum Bid at the low estimate sum. TimeLine offers telephone bidding as a free service but no liability is accepted for any errors or in the event that a connection cannot be made or is interrupted before the Lot is Knocked Down. 25. Agents: all Bidders making Bids through any means shall be deemed to be acting as principal in their bidding and shall be directly and fully liable for all Bid amounts, Buyer’s Premium and any other charges or costs. If any prospective Bidder wishes to appoint a person to bid on their behalf, then this must be agreed and authorised in writing by TimeLine in advance of the Auction. A deposit may be required in accordance with clause 27. 26. Value Added Tax: VAT is charged on an inclusive basis, under the Auctioneer’s Margin Scheme on all Buyer's Premiums and other charges. For some items, such as investment gold, modern jewellery and gemstones, where marked with a ‘dagger’ (†) symbol, VAT on the Hammer Price will be payable in addition. Where import duties are payable, these lots are marked with symbols ‡ Ω at the corresponding rates. 27. Deposits: Timeline reserves the right to request a deposit in certain circumstances. The amount of the deposit will be set by Timeline. If a Bid is not placed the deposit will be paid back within a reasonable timeframe after the close of the auction. In case of a successful bid, the deposit will be reduced from the Purchase Price payable by the Buyer. 28. Payment: the Purchase Price becomes due and payable when the Lot is Knocked Down by the Auctioneer. Requests and Statements detailing the purchase information will be sent out by email or post; Bidders may be telephoned or otherwise contacted when payment is not received promptly or where there are queries in any respect. a. The full Purchase Price must be paid in Pounds Sterling and can be made by bank transfer (for transfers from outside the UK, subject to payment of an additional £10 overseas bank transaction fee), by cash up to the value of £7,000, by cheque from a UK bank (subject to clearance) or by bank debit card or credit card (up to a maximum of £500). It is the responsibility of the Buyer to ensure that TimeLine receives the correct amount payable. b. Unless agreed by TimeLine in writing in advance of the Auction, the Buyer must pay the Purchase Price in full in cleared funds to TimeLine by no later than 4.30pm on the third working day following the Date of Sale. In case of delayed payment, clause 32 applies. 29. Title, Risk and Insurance: Title to any Lot is retained by the Seller until the Purchase Price and all other sums payable by the Buyer have been paid in full in cleared funds to TimeLine; at this point, Title

Terms & Conditions

will transfer from the Seller to the Buyer. Risk for the Lot passes to the Buyer at the time the Lot is Knocked Down to the Bidder. TimeLine does not hold property insured after the Lot has been Knocked Down. 30. Collection of Lots and Storage: Once the Buyer has paid the Purchase Price in full, TimeLine will release the Lot to the Buyer for collection. The Buyer must collect, or arrange the collection of, all purchases from the location advised by TimeLine by 4.30pm on the seventh working day following the Date of Sale.

(including negligence), breach of statutory duty, or otherwise, arising under or in connection with the contract for: a. any loss of profits, sales, business or revenue b. loss of business opportunity c. an indirect or consequential loss.

in connection with these terms and conditions or its subject matter or formation (including non-contractual disputes or claims). At the sole discretion of TimeLine, the auctioneer may instigate any proceedings within the jurisdiction of the bidder's country of residence.

Our total liability to you for all losses arising under or in connection to the contract, whether in contract, tort (including negligence), breach of statutory duty, or otherwise, will in no circumstances exceed £500.

44. Disputes: in the event that the Buyer has any dispute in relation to any Lot, not being a Lot described as a Group, Collection or other term indicating that the lot comprises more than one object, (such lots being sold cannot be returned in accordance with clause 15), which has been sold, that dispute must be notified to TimeLine in writing within 14 days following the Date of the Sale in order that TimeLine can hold the proceeds pending resolution of the dispute.

TimeLine may provide the Buyer with a quotation and contact details for the services of Mail Boxes Etc on TimeLine documentation (any storage/shipping contract is between the Buyer and Mail Boxes Etc). The Buyer may arrange a service of their choice for collection, packing and shipping services. Lots not collected by the seventh working day following the Date of Sale will be moved to storage at a transfer cost of £20 plus VAT per Lot and storage charges will thereafter be applied at the rate of £1.90 plus VAT per Lot per day until collected; no Lots may be removed/released to the Buyer until all storage and transfer costs have been paid in full. In the event that the accrual of storage charges reaches 50% of the Hammer Price paid or after the expiration of three months from the transfer date, whichever occurs first, Timeline reserve the right to re-sell any and all Lots stored without notice and in any manner at their sole discretion and to apply any proceeds in defrayment of such costs. The Buyer will be entitled to receive any credit balance above the amount of the costs on request but will remain liable for any deficit.

Nothing in the Contract limits any liability which cannot legally be limited, including but not limited to liability for: a. death or personal injury caused by negligence; b. fraud or fraudulent misrepresentation; and c. breach of the terms implied by section 12 of the Supply of Goods and Services Act 1979 (title and quiet possession).

31. Delivery by TimeLine: at the absolute discretion of TimeLine, TimeLine may, on request, directly arrange delivery of certain Lots to the address registered to the Buyer, on payment by the Buyer to TimeLine of any advised handling and delivery charge.

36. Anti-Money Laundering: TimeLine’s Anti-Money Laundering Policy sets out TimeLine’s policy for ensuring compliance anti-money laundering legislation that applies to some of TimeLine’s activities. TimeLine may amend this policy from time to time.

32. Remedies for Buyer’s Failure to Make Payment and/or Remove Lots: if the Purchase Price and/or all sums payable are not paid in full when they fall due and/or the Lot is not removed in accordance with these terms, TimeLine may without further notice to the Buyer be entitled to exercise one or more of the following rights: a. To terminate the agreement immediately for breach of contract; b. To retain possession of the Lot; c. To remove and/or store the Lot at the Buyer’s expense, as detailed at clause 30at a cost to the Buyer of £20 + VAT for the transfer per Lot plus a daily cost of £1.90 plus VAT per Lot for the storage; d. To take legal proceedings against the Buyer for payment of any sums due to TimeLine by the Buyer; e. To be paid interest on any monies due to TimeLine at the annual rate of 8% per annum from time to time to be calculated on a daily basis from the date upon which such monies became payable until the date of actual payment; f. To sell the Lot without a Reserve Price at Auction or by any other means and apply any proceeds against the amount owing by the Buyer to TimeLine; g. To apply any monies received from the Buyer in payment or part payment of any sums due from the Buyer to TimeLine under these terms; h. To refuse to allow the Buyer to register for a future Auction or to reject a bid from the Buyer at a future Auction. 33. Limitation of Liability: The Auctioneer has obtained insurance cover in respect of its own legal liability for individual claims. The limits and exclusions in this clause reflect the insurance cover the Auctioneer has been able to arrange and the Buyer is responsible for making his own arrangements for the insurance of any excess loss. Timeline will under no circumstances be liable to the Buyer, whether in contract, tort

This clause 33 shall survive termination of the Contract. 34. Buyer’s Indemnity: the Buyer agrees to indemnify TimeLine on a full indemnity basis against all legal and other costs, all losses and expenses incurred as a result of TimeLine taking steps under clause 33. 35. Use of your personal information: TimeLine will only use the Seller’s personal information as set out in their privacy policy. TimeLine may amend this policy from time to time. Where Timeline processes any personal data, it will comply with the requirements and obligations under the Data Protection Legislation.

37. Sale of Goods Act: The terms implied by sections 13 to 15 of the Sale of Goods Act 1979 are, to the fullest extent permitted by law, excluded. 38. Severance: If any provision or partprovision of these terms and conditions is or becomes invalid, illegal or unenforceable, it shall be deemed modified to the minimum extent necessary to make it valid, legal and enforceable. If such modification is not possible, the relevant provision or partprovision shall be deemed deleted. Any modification to or deletion of a provision or part-provision under this clause shall not affect the validity and enforceability of the rest of the terms and conditions. 39. Amendments: TimeLine may amend these Terms and Conditions from time to time. Please check our website for our latest terms and conditions. 40. No waiver: No failure or delay by TimeLine to exercise any right or remedy provided under the these Terms and Conditions or by law shall constitute a waiver of that or any other right or remedy, nor shall it prevent or restrict the further exercise of that or any other right or remedy. 41. Third-Party rights: These Terms & Conditions are between Timeline and a Seller. No other person shall have any rights to enforce any of these terms. 42. Governing Law: these terms and conditions and any dispute or claim arising out of or in connection with them or their subject matter or formation (including noncontractual disputes or claims) shall be governed by, and construed in accordance with, the law of England and Wales. 43. Jurisdiction: the Bidder irrevocably agrees that the courts of England and Wales shall have exclusive jurisdiction to settle any dispute or claim arising out of or

In the event of deliberate forgery being claimed for any Lot, the Buyer shall submit two opinions in writing from recognised experts for consideration; the inability of different experts to agree shall not be sufficient grounds. No liability is accepted by TimeLine for any costs/losses of the Buyer, including but not limited to fees, shipping, loss of profit, consequential costs or any other matters beyond the Hammer Price and Buyer's Premium. In all cases, any item must be returned to TimeLine, strictly in the condition it was in at the date of the sale being held; Buyers are advised that any form of destructive examination or testing undertaken will result in claims being rejected; claims resulting from results of tests under a scientific process not generally accepted for use at the Date of the Sale or which were unreasonably expensive in relation to the estimates for the lot or impractical or likely to have caused damage to the Lot at the Date of the Sale will not be allowed. TimeLine will have no liability to the Buyer after a period of 14 days as then TimeLine will release monies and make payments to Sellers.

Seller’s Terms and Conditions 1. Interpretations and Definitions: the following terms generally apply within these Terms and Conditions; other terms are defined within specific sections following: Auctioneer – the firm TimeLine Auctions Ltd (“TimeLine” hereafter) or its authorised auctioneer, acting as Agent for the Seller. TimeLine is a company registered in England and Wales (company no: 06873501) with registered office at 40 Kilmarnock Drive, Luton, LU2 7YP, UK. The website and telephone number are https://timelineauctions.com and +44 (0) 1277 815121. Agent – a person or body acting on behalf of another. ALR – Art Loss Register - All lots with an upper Estimate value of £1,000 and above and all ancient Western Asiatic lots are searched against the Art Loss Register database. Auction – a sale event whether taking place live in real-time or of extended duration (Timed Auction). Bid – a sum offered by a Bidder to purchase the Lot. Bidder – the person offering a Bid. Buyer – the person who the Lot is Knocked Down to. Date of Sale – the date on which the Auctioneer Knocks Down the Lot. Data Protection Legislation –all applicable data protection and privacy legislation in force from time to time in the UK including the General Data Protection Regulation ((EU) 2016/679) (83) (GDPR); the Data Protection Act 2018; the Privacy and Electronic Communications Directive 2002/58/EC (as updated by Directive 2009/136/EC) and the Privacy and Electronic Communications Regulations 2003 (SI 2003/2426) as amended, and any and all applicable national data protection laws made under or pursuant to the GDPR, as may be amended or superseded from time to time.

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Terms & Conditions

TimeLine Auctions

Estimate – the estimate for any Lots as set out in the Property Receipt. Group – any Lot comprising more than one item. Hammer Price – the amount of the winning bid when Knocked Down by the Auctioneer to a Bidder. Knock(ed/ing) Down – the act of the Auctioneer in bringing the Hammer down to complete the contract for the sale of the Lot to the Bidder submitting the highest bid. Lot – the goods for sale. Net Proceeds-the Hammer Price less the Selling Commission and any charges or expenses levied at Timeline’s discretion in accordance with these Terms and Conditions. Purchase Price – the total sum due for any Lot, including the Hammer Price, the Buyer’s Premium, any internet bidding fees, any shipping charges, taxes, duties or any other costs payable to TimeLine. Reserve Price – the minimum Hammer Price at which a Lot may be Knocked Down Seller – the person offering the Lot for sale. Selling Commission – the sum due to TimeLine from the Seller in accordance with clause 10. Timed Sale –in relation to an unsold Lot, a 28 day timeframe to allow a sale post Auction in accordance with clause 15. Title – legal rights of ownership of the Lot. Unsold Fee – 6% (VAT inclusive) of the Reserve Price. Withdrawal Fee – the fee payable to TimeLine in the event the Seller withdraws a Lot in accordance with clause 14, which shall be 6% (VAT inclusive) of the low Estimate or Reserve Price, whichever is higher.

of provenance. The Seller will be asked to provide proof of identity and address.

2. Application: the singular includes the plural and vice versa and any reference to ‘he’, ‘she’ or ‘it’ applies to all of them.

This clause 8 shall survive termination of the Contract.

3. Basis of Contract: a. These terms and conditions apply to the exclusion of any other terms that the Seller seeks to impose or incorporate, or which are implied by trade, custom, practice or course of dealing. b. Each Seller is required to read the terms and conditions attached to the Property Acceptance/Receipt and acknowledges that he/she has read, accepted and acknowledged the terms of such attachment, in advance of signing the same. c. As auctioneer, TimeLine acts solely for, and in the interest of, the Seller. 4. Copyright: all cataloguing text, images and other material published by TimeLine (including in relation to any Lot) whether physically or electronically is the property of TimeLine and may not be reproduced, stored in any retrieval system or otherwise transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise without the prior written consent of TimeLine. Timeline does not guarantee that a device accurately displays the colours and condition of a Lot. 5. Rights to Photographs, Illustrations and Documents: the Seller grants to Timeline full and absolute right to photograph or illustrate any Lot and to use such photographs or illustrations, and any photographs, illustrations or documents provided by the Seller, at any time and at TimeLine’s absolute discretion (whether or not in connection with any Auction). 6. Title, Risk and Insurance: Title to any Lot is retained by the Seller until the Purchase Price and all other sums payable by the Buyer have been paid in full in cleared funds to TimeLine; at this point, Title will transfer from the Seller to the Buyer. Risk for the Lot passes to the Buyer at the time the Lot is Knocked Down to the Bidder. TimeLine does not hold any Lot insured after the Lot has been Knocked Down. 7. Seller’s Representations and Warranties: in submitting any Lot for sale, the Seller warrants and represents to TimeLine the matters set out in the Property Acceptance/Receipt and Seller’s statement

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8. Limitation of Liability: The Auctioneer has obtained insurance cover in respect of its own legal liability for individual claims. The limits and exclusions in this clause reflect the insurance cover the Auctioneer has been able to arrange and the Seller is responsible for making his own arrangements for the insurance of any excess loss. Timeline will under no circumstances be liable to the Seller, whether in contract, tort (including negligence), breach of statutory duty, or otherwise, arising under or in connection with the Contract for: a. any loss of profits, sales, business or revenue; b. loss of business opportunity; and c. an indirect or consequential loss. TimeLine’s total liability to the Seller for all losses arising under or in connection to the Contract, whether in contract, tort (including negligence), breach of statutory duty, or otherwise, will in no circumstances exceed £500. Nothing in these terms and conditions limits any liability which cannot legally be limited, including but not limited to liability for: a. death or personal injury caused by negligence; b. fraud or fraudulent misrepresentation; and c. breach of the terms implied by section 12 of the Supply of Goods and Services Act 1979 (title and quiet possession).

9. Seller’s Indemnity: the Seller shall indemnify and hold TimeLine harmless from all claims and all direct, indirect or consequential losses (including loss of profits, loss of business, depletion of goodwill and similar losses), costs, proceedings, damages and expenses (including legal and other professional fees and expenses) awarded against or incurred or paid by TimeLine as a result or in connection with: a. any breach of the warranties referred to in clause 7; b. any claim made against TimeLine concerning the authenticity of any Lot; c. any alleged or actual infringement, whether or not under English law, of any third party’s Intellectual Property Rights or other rights arising out of the Auction or sale of the Lot. 10. Selling Commission: The standard rate of selling commission payable to TimeLine shall be 18% of the Hammer Price (VAT inclusive). 11. Additional Charges: TimeLine may levy additional charges regarding: a. Collection of goods from Seller’s premises, storage of goods submitted for sale by a Seller and storage of Lots unsold in accordance with clause 15; b. Further charges at the discretion of TimeLine on advance warning to the Seller for any unusual research, special or additional imaging, testing, consultation with external specialists, conservation, cleaning or other services concerned with presenting the Lot, including VAT or other taxes or duties as applicable. c. All items submitted for sale in the 'Western Asiatic' category (other than items designated as 'style') and all lots over £1000 will incur an administration charge of £6.00 (VAT inclusive) per item for additional checking, including searches against the ALR. 12. Lots: all goods submitted to TimeLine will be lotted, catalogued and offered by live auction sale, limited timed auction sale, 'buy it now' direct sale or other method at the sole discretion of TimeLine; antiquities, antiques and collectables Lots with a low Estimate of £200 or less and coin Lots with

a low Estimate of £100 or less will not normally be illustrated in any printed catalogue and printed text entries may be minimised (images and full text will always be shown on the TimeLine website); Estimates are provided for information only and Hammer Prices may differ from the estimated range. 13. Reserve Price: The Seller may set a Reserve Price on any Lot where the low Estimate exceeds £120 subject to agreeing that an Unsold Fee will become payable to Timeline for any such Reserved Lot which fails to sell; in addition the Seller agrees that the auctioneer may accept a bid received at one bid increment or 10% of the Reserve Price (whichever is higher) below the Reserve Price sum if necessary to sell the Lot. 14. Withdrawal of Lots: Once entered for sale, Lots may be withdrawn by the Seller only upon the agreement of TimeLine and payment to TimeLine of the Withdrawal Fee; a Withdrawal Fee will also be payable should any post-Sale offer be received in accordance with clause 14 but not accepted by the Seller. TimeLine reserves the absolute right to withdraw any Lot from sale for any reason in which circumstance no Withdrawal Fee will be payable. The Seller is thereafter responsible for collection of any Lot which has been withdrawn and clause 15 applies. 15. Unsold Lots and Storage: in the event that a Lot is not sold no Selling Commission is payable unless the Lot was subject to a Reserve Price in which case a sum of 6% (VAT inclusive)of the Reserve Price is payable by the Seller to TimeLine. TimeLine shall retain possession of unsold Lots for a period of twenty-eight days from the date of any Auction for entry into any Timed Sale or against the possibility of receiving post-Sale offers for such Lots. The Seller is thereafter responsible for collection of any unsold goods immediately after this period and Lots will be released after any charges due have been paid in full. Lots not removed by 4.30pm on the seventh working day after the due date will be moved to storage at a transfer cost of £20 plus VAT per Lot and storage charges will thereafter be applied at the rate of £1.90 plus VAT per Lot per day until collected; no Lots may be removed until any storage or other amounts due to TimeLine have been paid in full. In the event that the accrual of storage charges reaches 50% of the Reserve Price or after the expiration of three months from the transfer date, whichever occurs first, Timeline reserve the right to re-sell any and all Lots stored without notice and in any manner at their sole discretion and to apply any proceeds in defrayment of such costs. The Seller will be entitled to receive any credit balance above the amount of the costs on request but will remain liable for any deficit. 16. Payment to Sellers: the Net Proceeds of the Auction will become due and payable to the Seller 30 days following the Date of Sale provided that TimeLine have received cleared payment of the Purchase Price in full from the Buyer. 17. Use of your personal information: TimeLine will only use the Seller’s personal information as set out in their privacy policy. TimeLine may amend this policy from time to time. Where Timeline processes any personal data, Timeline will comply with the requirements and obligations under the Data Protection Legislation. 18. Anti-Money Laundering: TimeLine’s Anti-Money Laundering Policy sets out TimeLine’s policy for ensuring compliance with anti-money laundering legislation that applies to some of TimeLine’s activities. TimeLine may amend this policy from time to time. 19. Sale of Goods Act: The terms implied by sections 13 to 15 of the Sale of Goods Act 1979 are, to the fullest extent permitted by law, excluded.

20. Severance: If any provision or partprovision of these terms and conditions is or becomes invalid, illegal or unenforceable, it shall be deemed modified to the minimum extent necessary to make it valid, legal and enforceable. If such modification is not possible, the relevant provision or partprovision shall be deemed deleted. Any modification to or deletion of a provision or part-provision under this clause shall not affect the validity and enforceability of the rest of the terms and conditions. 21. Amendments: TimeLine may amend these Terms and Conditions from time to time. Please check our website for our latest terms and conditions. 22. No waiver: No failure or delay by TimeLine to exercise any right or remedy provided under the these Terms and Conditions or by law shall constitute a waiver of that or any other right or remedy, nor shall it prevent or restrict the further exercise of that or any other right or remedy. 23. Third-Party rights: These Terms & Conditions are between Timeline and a Seller. No other person shall have any rights to enforce any of these terms. 24. Governing Law: these terms and conditions and any dispute or claim arising out of or in connection with them or their subject matter or formation (including noncontractual disputes or claims) shall be governed by, and construed in accordance with, the law of England and Wales. 25. Jurisdiction: each party irrevocably agrees that the courts of England and Wales shall have exclusive jurisdiction to settle any dispute or claim arising out of or in connection with these terms and conditions or its subject matter or formation (including non-contractual disputes or claims).