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ANTIQUITIES & ANCIENT ART 23 February 2021

Bust of Cleopatra


February 2021 Catalogue Auction Welcome to our first ancient art, antiquities and coin catalogue auction of 2021. The vetting process for this sale took a more extended form, taking place over the first two weeks of January. Breaking with our tradition of a two-day vetting committee meeting, each consultant was invited in turn to view and vet the material. Following the initial selection process and expert analysis from our in-house cataloguing team, this sale was vetted by a total of fourteen external specialists before making its way into the pages of this catalogue. Highlights from February's sale include: lot 6, a large Egyptian Canopic Jar of Baboon-Headed Hapi, guided at £15,000-£20,000; lot 35, a Greek bust of Cleopatra, opening at £18,000; lot 52, a Hellenistic Silver Rhyton with Deer Protome, guided at £100,000-£140,000; lot 303, a Rare and Important Royal Jin Bodhisattva Maitreya, opening at £18,000; lot 451, a Large Viking Period Sogdian Silver Vessel with Animal Figures, guided at £70,000-£90,000; and lot 0497, ‘The Hedingham Castle Estate’ Elizabethan Gold Ring with Edward de Vere as Emperor, which opens at £13,500. Observant clients will notice that we have chosen to dedicate each of our catalogues to the memory of a prominent archaeologist, antiquarian or collector, individuals who have dedicated their lives to the protection of antiquities and the pursuit of knowledge about the ancient world. As such, this catalogue is dedicated to the late Khaled al-Asaad, whose life work concerned the protection of the ancient city of Palmyra. We are proud to announce that Khaled al-Assad's son has kindly agreed to travel to London and present a lecture on his father's work and legacy. This lecture will form as part of our customary viewing and champagne reception at the May Fair Hotel, as soon as UK isolation rules permit.

Yours sincerely, Brett Hammond (CEO)


“Please, let me stay here among her ruins, there have always been drops of my blood and perspiration scattered on her golden stones. I will never give up her. I was born, I lived, and I will die standing here, just like her pillars and palm trees” This catalogue is dedicated to the memory of Dr Khaled al-Asaad, a man of value, honour and integrity, who loved the past and archaeology, and gave his life to it. Among the sands and splendours of Palmyra, his name echoes for eternity. Dr Khaled Mouhammad Alasaad was born in the city of Palmyra, the epicentre of his life, on 11.12.1933. Growing up in a rural setting surrounded by the oasis of ancient monuments, he understood deeply the value of belonging that has played such a great role in the history of humanity. His deep affection for his birthplace led him to believe in the importance of the preservation of these roots and historical identity of his people. Within a year of graduating from Damascus University, Faculty of Letters, History branch, in 1961 he was appointed the director of antiquities studies and excavations department, evidence of his exceptional knowledge of archaeological artifacts and Syrian antiquities. In 1963, he fulfilled his life dream and became the director of the Palmyra museum and ruins. For more than 50 years, he worked diligently to place Palmyra at the centre of Syrian cultural heritage and participated himself in all the excavations and restorations across the city. During this time, he also published his research on the city's history in multiple articles and books, including essays in Syrian and international antiquities journals. His research on the city of Palmyra led him to international archaeological conferences across the world including the UK, Bahrain and in the cities of Tehran, Warsaw, Damascus and Palmyra itself. He also worked in cooperation with the German Archaeological Institute on projects and discussions related to the history and archaeology of Palmyra. He helped organise many exhibitions on Palmyra, the first of which took place at the Petit Palais in Paris in 1974. Dr Khaled al-Asaad never really retired but remained active in his commitment to the city to which he had devoted his life. In August 2015, following the tragic events which brought the war to Syria, he was killed by the terrorists of Isis. He defended the city, its unique heritage and his eternal passion until his final breath. Dr Khaled al-Asaad was highly respected by his colleagues, who recognised in him a deep generosity, and was often addressed as "Mister Palmyra". He was a truly great man, whose ceaseless courage and dedication to the principles for which he died earned him respect and pride amongst archaeologists across the world.

Dr Raffaele D’Amato


Sale schedule

The Court House, Harwich Antiquities - Tuesday 23 February 2021 (Day 1) 10:00 - Egyptian Antiquities (Lots 1 - 34) - Greek Antiquities (Lots 35 - 101) - Roman Antiquities (Lots 102 - 189) - Byzantine Antiquities (Lots 190 - 220) - Western Asiatic Antiquities (Lots 221 - 299) - Chinese & Far Eastern Antiquities (Lots 300 - 321) - India & Region Antiquities (Lots 322 - 339) - Islamic Antiquities (Lots 340 - 348) - Arms & Armour (Lots 349 - 414) - Stone, Bronze & Iron Age Antiquities (Lots 415 - 425) - Saxon, Viking & Germanic Antiquities (Lots 426 - 483) - Medieval, Post Medieval & Christian Antiquities (Lots 484 - 532) - Ethnographic & Natural History (Lots 533 - 560) Antiquities - Wednesday 24 February 2021 (Day 2) 10.00 - Egyptian Antiquities (Lots 561 - 626) - Greek Antiquities (Lots 627 - 701) - Roman Antiquities (Lots 702 - 860) 13:30 - 14:00 Lunch - Roman Antiquities (Lots 861 - 1112) - Byzantine Antiquities (Lots 1113 - 1169) Antiquities - Thursday 25 February 2021 (Day 3) 10.00 - Byzantine Antiquities (Lots 1170 - 1203) - Western Asiatic Antiquities (Lots 1204 - 1470) 13:30 - 14:00 Lunch - Western Asiatic Antiquities (Lots 1471 - 1516) - Chinese & Far Eastern Antiquities (Lots 1517 - 1704) - India & Region Antiquities (Lots 1705 - 1766) - Islamic Antiquities (Lots 1767 - 1779) Antiquities - Friday 26 February 2021 (Day 4) 10.00 - Islamic Antiquities (Lots 1780 - 1821) - Arms & Armour (Lots 1822 - 1971) - Stone Age Antiquities (Lots 1972 - 1976) - Bronze Age Antiquities (Lots 1977 - 2041) - Iron Age Antiquities (Lots 2042 - 2064) - Saxon, Viking & Germanic Antiquities (Lots 2065 - 2080) 13:30 - 14:00 Lunch - Saxon, Viking & Germanic Antiquities (Lots 2081 - 2244) - Medieval Antiquities (Lots 2245 - 2373) - Post Medieval Antiquities (Lots 2374 - 2389) Antiquities - Saturday 27 February 2021 (Day 5) - Post Medieval Antiquities (Lots 2390 - 2479) - Christian Antiquities (Lots 2480 - 2516) - Prehispanic & Ethnographic (Lots 2517 - 2541) - Natural History (Lots 6000 - 6149) 13:30 - 14:00 Lunch - Natural History (Lots 6150 - 6470) Coins - Sunday 28 February 2021 10.00 - Coins, Notes & Medals & Books (Lots 8000 - 8360) 13:30 - 14:00 Lunch - Coins, Notes, Medals & Books (Lots 8361 - 8762)

TimeLine Auctions


ANCIENT ART & ANTIQUITIES

The Court House 363 Main Road Harwich CO12 4DN

23 February 2021 24-27 February 2021

Heads of Departments Antiquities: Brett Hammond Coins: Christopher Wren

Enquiries TimeLine Auctions Limited 23-24 Berkeley Square London W1J 6HE, UK Tel: +44 (0)20 7129 1494 Head Office TimeLine Auctions Limited The Court House 363 Main Road Harwich, Essex CO12 4DN, UK Website www.timelineauctions.com Auction Tuesday 23 February 10am Wednesday 24 February 10am Thursday 25 February 10am Friday 26 February 10am Saturday 27 February 10am Sunday 28 February 10am

(Day 1) (Day 2) (Day 3) (Day 4) (Day 5) (Coins)

Bids +44 (0)1277 815121 +44 (0)1277 814122 fax bids@timelineauctions.com Please note that absentee bids can be submitted on our system until 8am on each sale date, unless submitted by e-mail or in person Bidding by telephone can only be arranged for any lot with a lower estimate in excess of £250, and by prior arrangement

Consultants Dr Ronald Bonewitz (Antiquities & Geological) Dr Manuel Ceccarelli (Western Asiatic Antiquities) Dr Raffaele D'Amato (Roman & Military Antiquities) Dr Brian Gilmour (Arms & Armour & General Antiquities) Dr Ittai Gradel (Classical & General Antiquities) Dr Malcolm Jones (Medieval & Later Antiquities) Dr Laura Proffitt (Classical & General Antiquities) Peter Clayton, FCILIP, Dip, Arch, FSA, FRNS (Egyptian) Richard Falkiner, FSA (Jewellery & General Antiquities) Michael Howgate, B.Sc. M.Sc. PGCE FLS (Natural History) Peter Bufton (Far Eastern, Islamic & Ethnographic) David Miller (Coins & General Antiquities) Stephen Pollington (Anglo-Saxon & Viking Antiquities) Thomas Sturm (Cylinder Seals) Richard Roy (Ancient Americas) Michaela Simonova, MA (Mesoamerica, Viking & Religious) Amin Rezai (Western Asiatic & Islamic Antiquities) Mehdy Shaddel (Western Asiatic & Islamic Antiquities) Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A (Jewellery, Gemstones & Icons) Heather L. Godfrey, MA FRNS (General Antiquities & Coins) Robert Chandler (Paleontology) Stefany Tomalin (Beads & Associated Jewellery) Dane Kurth (Greek & Roman Coins & Antiquities) Italo Vecchi (Coins & General Antiquities) For further information and biographies see: www.timelineauctions.com

Auctioneers Edward Rising Lindsey Gundersen

Tim Wonnacott David Palmer

Rob Oulton Edward Watson

Press Desk Tanja Maijala

Photography Michael Healy Ethan Payne

Video Production Michael Healy

Cataloguers Stephen Pollington Raffaele D'Amato Heather L. Godfrey

Catalogue Production & Layout Damir & Davor Radic DRs d.o.o.

Sale Number: 188

Please see back of the catalogue for Terms & Conditions Illustrations Front cover: Lot 35 Back cover: Lot 350 We provide service in 7 languages. Auction Security: Secura HQ Ltd.

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Chief Operating Officer: Aaron Hammond Head of Administration: Tanja Maijala Client Account Managers: Elizabeth Gray, Megan Hammond Admin Assistants: Law Yuen Ying, Auction Administration: Naomi Rowe Storage Manager: Vedran Saraden

All lots with an upper estimate value of £1,000 and above, and all Western Asiatic lots are searched against the Art Loss Register database


Contents

TimeLine Auctions

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Explanation of Symbols z Lots illustrated on timelineauctions.com but not in this catalogue Lots accompanied by 360° view or additional video Red Title

Lots offered without a reserve

C

Subject to CITES regulations when exporting outside UK

VAT payable at 20% on hammer price and buyer's premium

Bidding This is a rostrum auction and there will be live internet bidding through www.timelineauctions.com, www.the-saleroom.com, www.invaluable.com and www.liveauctioneers.com. The buyer’s premium is 27% inclusive (live internet bidding is free on timelineauctions.com, additional 5% +VAT is charged on other sites). TimeLine Auctions is not responsible for any missed lots or bids due to network speed or down-time. Bidders are reminded that our website carries high-resolution enlargeable colour images of all of the items illustrated in this catalogue, together with items not illustrated in print. An Absentee Bidding Form can be mailed or emailed, to reach us by no later than 9pm the day before the sale. Alternatively, please register on our website and record your auto bids free of charge via your online account: www.timelineauctions.com. Please do not consider your absentee bid form to have been successfully logged unless you have received an acknowledgement from us. Collection and Storage Lots will be available to collect from our Harwich premises by prior arrangement only from 1 March 2021. Storage charges may apply from 5 March 2021 for unpaid items, free vaulted storage service is available for all items upon receipt of full payment. Notice to Buyers Some lots will require export licences in order to leave the UK, please contact us for advice if required. We try to provide information regarding general condition, restorations, repairs and damage for each lot but this is necessarily subjective. The absence of specific information does not imply that the lot is free from defects or that it is in good condition. Bidders should satisfy themselves in all respects by personal inspection before bidding. Estimate ranges are provided for general information only and are given in Pounds Sterling (£). For antiquities, approximate equivalents in Euros (EUR) and US Dollars (USD). Hammer prices may fall outside the ranges indicated. All bids and payments must be made in Pounds Sterling (£). Please be aware that items containing restricted animal-derived material such as coral or ivory will need a specialist CITES export license to leave the UK.

TimeLine Auctions are proud to be members of the Art Loss Register. The Art Loss Register (ALR) is the world’s largest private database of lost and stolen art, antiques and collectibles. All lots with an upper estimate value of £1,000 and above, and ALL Western Asiatic lots, are searched against the Art Loss Register database. This is to ensure that no items that have been reported to the ALR as stolen are offered for sale. The ALR database consists of registrations from law enforcement agencies, insurance companies, the trade and theft victims internationally.


23 February 2021

Ancient Art & Antiquities

Egyptian Also see lots 561 - 626

Lots 1 - 34


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EGYPTIAN GREEN MOTTLED STONE JAR Pre-Dynastic Period, 4th-3rd millennium BC A squat turned migmatite jar with rounded base, raised rim to the mouth, three pierced lug handles to the shoulder. 465 grams, 97mm (3¾"). Very fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,120 - 1,570 USD 1,370 - 1,910 Provenance Property of a Dutch private collector; formerly in the collection of Mr D' Anet, France, 1960.

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EGYPTIAN DIORITE TWO-HANDLED JAR Pre-Dynastic Period, 4th-3rd millennium BC A squat turned black and white diorite jar with rounded base, raised rim to the mouth, two lateral tubular handles. 795 grams, 13cm (5"). Fine condition, repaired. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470 Provenance From a Hong Kong family collection since the early 1980s; previously in a Hong Kong collection since 1973; accompanied by a scholarly note TL5349 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10565-171595. Literature See Günther, P. and Wellauer, R., Ägyptische Steingefässe der Sammlung Rudolph Schmidt, Solothurn, Zurich, 1988, pp.31-32, no.62, pl.32.

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EGYPTIAN STONE KOHL POT Middle Kingdom, 2133-1797 BC A carved dark grey and white stone vessel with tapering cylindrical body and convex rim with flattened upper face; flat base. 285 grams, 65mm (2½"). Very fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 560 - 790 USD 680 - 960 Provenance Ex Abelita family collection, 1970s-2000s.

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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EGYPTIAN TRAVERTINE TWO-HANDLED JAR

EGYPTIAN STONE BOWL

Third Intermediate-Late Period, 21st-27th Dynasty, 1069-404 BC

1st millennium BC

A travertine jar, the body tapering out to a flat base, wide offset rim and twin vestigial lug handles. 1.1 kg, 10.1cm (4"). Fine condition. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,250 - 3,370 USD 2,730 - 4,100

A polished brecciated limestone bowl with piriform body and flat base; applied label to outer face with handwritten number '24. / 23998' in two lines; polished outer face and rich colour variation with natural 'pitting'. 1.4 kg, 17cm wide (6¾"). Fine condition. £1,800 - 2,000 EUR 2,020 - 2,250 USD 2,460 - 2,730

Provenance From a Hong Kong family collection since the early 1980s; previously in a Hong Kong collection since 1973; accompanied by a scholarly note TL5348 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz. Literature For a similar 27th Dynasty Egyptian jar cf. jar with the name of Xerxes the Great, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, accession number 14.2.8.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Provenance From an old British private collection; previously the property of Mr C. Sheppard, London, UK; acquired in the 1980s.

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LARGE EGYPTIAN CANOPIC JAR OF BABOON-HEADED HAPI Late Period, 664-332 BC A carved alabaster canopic jar with separate lid; the jar with rounded shoulder and smooth tapering sidewall, chamfered rim and internal lip; the lid carved into a representation of a baboon's head, the manifestation of the god Hapi (Hapy), an old collector's label to the underside; incised rectangular panel divided into four columns with hieroglyphic text; accompanied by a scholarly note by Edmund S. Meltzer PhD which states: 'The Canopic jar has a lid in the shape of a baboon's head, representing Hapy, one of the Four Sons of Horus. The body of the jar is inscribed with four vertical columns of hieroglyphs reading from right to left, with column dividers and a surrounding border. The text reads as follows: (1) dd-mdw inn nbtHwt: Hp.i * sA stp-sA.i (2) Hr ir(t) mk(t) n Hpy ntt** im.i sA (3) wsir Sbn*** ms n Sana**** (4) mAa-xrw sA Hpy wsir Sbn*** pw Hpy Translation (1) Recitation by Nephthys: I conceal Sehetep(y)*, protection, I protect (2) in the act of making the protection of Hapy who is** in me, the protection (3) of the Osiris Sheben*** son of Shana****, (4) Justified, the protection of Hapy, the Osiris Sheben is Hapy. Notes: * I am taking this as a writing of sHtpy, a title of Osiris, listed in Wörterbuch IV, p.222 ** The feminine form ntt is written for what should be the masculine form nty. This type of error becomes increasingly common as one goes through the New KIngdom, Third Intermediate and Late Periods. *** I am reading this name as Sbn (Sheben) which isn't listed in Ranke's Personennamen. It occurs twice

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in this inscription and has some unusual and interesting features. (1) What I am reading as the alphabetic sign S has an oblique vertical stroke; I think that this is from the influence of hieratic writings of the sign (cf. Hieratische Paläographie III p.31 #335). (2) The first writing includes an eye but the second doesn't; I think that this is possibly influenced by the presence of an eye in the root Sp (Wörterbuch IV p.443; for an alternation of Sp and Sb see Personennamen I p.325. (3) The bird that follows the alphabetic signs bn is that which is listed as bn in Wörterbuch I p.457. **** This name is also not listed in Personennamen. I think that the most likely time range for this jar and its inscription is the Late Period, c. 7th-4th centuries BCE; the Boston Fine Arts exhibition catalogue Mummies & magic pp.190-191, and Salima Ikram & Aidan Dodson The Mummy in Ancient Egypt, pp.291292. The present inscription follows the convention of Canopic texts dating to the Late Period by including a pun on the name of the Son of Horus represented and mentioned in the jar (here Hapy, Egyptian Hpy) with another word in the text, in this case HP.i 'I conceal'.' 11.5 kg total, 35cm (13¾"). Extremely fine condition. £15,000 - 20,000 EUR 16,840 - 22,460 USD 20,510 - 27,340 Provenance Property of a gentleman living in central London; acquired from Sotheby’s, New York, USA, 8 June 2011, lot 94; previously in the private collection of Charles Pillsbury, New Hampshire, USA; formerly in the private collection of Henry Bourne Pillsbury, acquired prior to 1960; accompanied by an academic translation of the hieroglyphic inscription by Dr. Edmund S. Meltzer PhD and a scholarly note TL5358 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz; this lot has also been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10429-170143.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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LARGE EGYPTIAN ROCK CRYSTAL TAWERET AMULET Late Period, 664-332 BC A substantial dark rock crystal amulet of the goddess Taweret in the form of a hippopotamus standing upright with human arms resting on the stomach, herringbone-pattern dorsal panel, knop finial above. 35.4 grams, 58mm (2¼"). Fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470 Provenance Property of a London businessman; acquired from Pierre Bergé & Associés, Archéologie, Paris, 16 May 2018, lot 78; accompanied by copies of the relevant Pierre Bergé catalogue pages; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10510-170712.

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EGYPTIAN LAPIS LAZULI SQUATTING BES Late Period, 664-332 BC A carved lapis lazuli amulet modelled in the round as Bes squatting on an integral square base; characterful detailing to the buttocks, genitals, feet, stomach, hands, beard, face and ears; gold flecks throughout the stone. 17.3 grams, 36mm (1½"). Very fine condition. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,350 - 1,910 USD 1,640 - 2,320 Provenance Property of a London lady, part of her family's collection; acquired in the 1970s. Footnotes Bes was an ancient Egyptian dwarf god, patron of childbirth and home, and was associated with sexuality, humour, music and dancing. His image appears on a number of magic wands that are thought to be associated with birthing rituals. It was during the Ptolemaic period that the popularity of Bes reached its peak; shrines associated with god, known as Mammisi, or birth chambers, were built close to the temples of major gods and had incubation chambers within them for healing ceremonies, most likely associated with fertility and birth.

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EGYPTIAN GOLD SWIVEL RING WITH SCARAB New Kingdom, 1550-1070 BC A gold swivel ring composed of a round-section hoop and a separate bezel set with a glazed composition scarab, the ends of the hoop passing through the bezel and coiled around the shoulders; the bezel

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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with applied ropework to the lower edge, scarab with two standing figures. 3.67 grams, 24.94mm overall, 18.26 x 17.77mm internal diameter (approximate size British K, USA 5¼, Europe 9.95, Japan 9) (1"). Very fine condition. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,350 - 1,910 USD 1,640 - 2,320 Provenance Ex Abelita family collection, 1970s-2000s. Literature See Metropolitan Museum of Art, accession number 10.130.911, for ring type.

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EGYPTIAN GOLD CAT AMULET Third Intermediate Period, 1069-702 BC A gold amuletic pendant of a cat sitting erect on a sub-rectangular base, detailing to face and paws; suspension loop to nape of neck. 0.49 grams, 8mm (¼"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 450 - 670 USD 550 - 820 Provenance From an early 20th century French collection. Literature See the Baron Empain collection, Christie's, 14 April 2011, for similar.

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EGYPTIAN GOLD REPOUSSE PANEL WITH THOTH AND PHARAOH Late Period, 664-332 BC A rectangular gold repoussé plaque with seated ibis-headed Thoth wearing a lunar disc resting on top of a crescent moon, holding a wassceptre, giving counsel to a pharaoh before him, the pharaoh wearing a short kilt, Broad Collar and a wide bracelet in his raised left hand; supplied with a display stand. 204 grams total, 47 x 45mm (5¼ x 5"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £800 - 1,000 EUR 900 - 1,120 USD 1,090 - 1,370 Provenance Property of a North London gentleman; previously from an old Spanish private collection, circa 1970; formerly acquired on the German art market. Footnotes Repoussé plaques such as these would have been placed amongst the wrappings of a mummy to ensure that it was protected against the malevolent powers that could hinder the soul reaching the afterlife, and the resurrection of the body.

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LARGE EGYPTIAN STRIDING RE-HORAKHTY

EGYPTIAN MUMMIFORM STATUETTE OF OSIRIS

Third Intermediate Period, 1069-702 BC

26th-30th Dynasty, 664-343 BC

A substantial bronze figure of Re-Horakhty standing in advancing pose on a rectangular base; the god modelled with a sun-disc and crescent atop his head and uraeus extended in front, the falcon-head depicted wearing a ribbed tripartite wig and with beaded gold wire frames to the eyes; left arm bent and fist hollowed to grip a symbol, right arm straight to the side with similar hollow fist; pleated kilt and belt to the hips; mounted on a tiered socle base. 896 grams total, 27cm including stand (10¾"). Very fine condition. £40,000 - 60,000 EUR 44,910 - 67,370 USD 54,690 - 82,030

A bronze statuette of a standing mummiform votive representing the god Osiris; hands emerging from shroud and forming interlocking fists at the torso; wearing the Atef crown; integral lug emerging from the soles of the feet; traces of gilding; mounted on a tiered custom-made stand. 866 grams total, 24cm including stand (9½"). Fine condition. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,490 - 6,740 USD 5,470 - 8,200

Provenance Property of a gentleman living in central London; formerly in a private London, UK, collection, since 1978; formerly in the Smith family collection, Cambridge, UK, since 1949; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10424170146. Literature Cf. similar figure (lacking the crown) in the Art Institute of Chicago, USA, under accession number 1894.261. Footnotes Re-Horakhty was a combination of the solar gods Re (Ra) and Horus, who promised their worshippers eternal life through the rising of the sun each dawn. Re-Horakhty was associated especially with the city of Iunu, near modern Cairo, later known as Heliopolis ('city of the sun') in his honour.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Provenance From a private UK collection; previously with Pierre Bergé & Associés, Paris, 16 December 2015 [8,000 / 9,000 Euros]; formerly with Aaron Gallery, London, June 1981; acquired from Galerie Sakae, Japan, prior to 1981; accompanied by copies of the relevant Pierre Bergé & Associés catalogue pages; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10444-170144. Literature See The Brooklyn Museum, Osiris, accession no. 08.480.27, for a comparable example; see Hagen, R., Egypt, Taschen, p.169, for a similar representation of Osiris and for general discussion. Footnotes Osiris, one of the principal gods of ancient Egypt, was the god of death, the afterlife, resurrection, and agriculture. Associated with divine kingship, there came a point in Egyptian history when a king was believed to transform into Osiris, god of the underworld, upon his death.

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EGYPTIAN ANUBIS STAFF HEAD Roman Period, 30 BC-323 AD A bronze figure of jackal-headed Anubis wearing a toga and tunic, standing on a square base set upon a tubular socket; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 450 grams total, 24.5cm including stand (9¾"). Very fine condition. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,490 - 6,740 USD 5,470 - 8,200 Provenance Property of a West London gentleman; from a private collection since 1989; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10496-172045. Literature See Budge, E.A.W., The Gods of the Egyptians, 1904, for discussion and information.

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EGYPTIAN BRONZE AND GLASS MUMMY EYES Ptolemaic Period, 332-30 BC A group of two eye inlays from a mummy case, each formed as a white glass panel with painted black pupil fitted into a metal frame with lateral extension; separate eyebrow bar; mounted on a custom-made stand. 235 grams total, 19.3cm including stand (7½"). Fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,120 - 1,570 USD 1,370 - 1,910 Provenance From the collection of a respected UK gentleman, assembled in the 1960s.

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EGYPTIAN BRONZE FIGURAL MIRROR WITH SEATED CATS Middle Kingdom, 2040-1750 BC or later A bronze cosmetic mirror comprising a bifacial polished disc supported by a standing female goddess and two seated cat figures, each on a tongue-shaped base; the cats addorsed, supporting the rim of the disc on their backs; the handle formed as a goddess wearing tripartite wig and tight-fitting robe, standing barefoot on a square base with chamfered edges. 403 grams, 20cm (8"). Fine condition. £5,000 - 7,000 EUR 5,610 - 7,860 USD 6,840 - 9,570 Provenance Property of a Dutch private collector; previously in a Belgian private collection, circa 1965; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10374167816. Literature A close parallel to this item is a mirror with its disc supported by two falcons, formerly in the collection of Mrs. W.G. Elias Vaes (1908 – 2002), Rotterdam, The Netherlands, sold at Christie’s London, October 2014, lot 162. Footnotes The association of a goddess with cats suggests identification with Bastet, the mild and benevolent feline deity whose ferocious counterpart, Sekhmet, promoted aggression and combat. The goddess's flexed arms indicate the hieroglyph ka, the concept of life-force sometimes interpreted as the living soul. The polished bronze disc connects to the bright sun and the god Re.

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LARGE EGYPTIAN DECORATED LADLE WITH DUCK HANDLE New Kingdom, 1550-1070 BC A bronze ladle with narrow ovoid bowl, long slender handle with vertical reeding to the shaft, panels of transverse hatching above, curved finial formed as a duck's neck and head; mounted on a custom-made stand. 752 grams total, 44cm including stand (17¼"). Fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470

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Provenance From a private Belgian collection, acquired in 1956; formerly in a private European collection, formed in the 19th century; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10499-170137. Literature Cf. similar item in Detroit Institute of Arts, Detroit, USA, under accession reference 90.1S12494.

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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EGYPTIAN STANDING BULL STATUETTE New Kingdom, 1550-1070 BC A bronze figurine of a bull advancing on a rectangular base with attachment stud to the underside, low-relief yoke(?) detailing to the shoulders; mounted on a custom-made stand. 101 grams total, 78mm including stand (3"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 450 - 670 USD 550 - 820 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; acquired on the London art market in the 2000; formerly in a private UK collection, formed in the 1970s.

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EGYPTIAN WOOD AND LEATHER GAMING BOX Late Period, 664-332 BC A rectangular carved wooden box with sliding lid held by two leather retaining straps; lid with D-shaped tab handle; exterior faces of the

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

19 box and lid with incised multilinear saltires forming reserved lozenges. 35.47 grams, 97mm (3¾"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 450 - 670 USD 550 - 820 Provenance Property of a Dutch private collector; previously in the collection of Jan Beekmans (1927-2008). Literature See Hayes, W.C., Scepter of Egypt II: A Background for the Study of the Egyptian Antiquities in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: The Hyksos Period and the New Kingdom (1675-1080 B.C.), Cambridge, Mass: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1959, p.347. Footnotes Gaming was a popular pastime for all classes in Egypt, but it gained a symbolic or religious significance once boards and counters became part of the standard set of goods interred with the dead for the afterlife. The game of senet is shown in the tomb painting of Queen Nefertari (ca. 1279–1213 BC), the 'Great Royal Wife' or principal consort of Ramesses II, where the queen is seated at table with the game set up before her.

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EGYPTIAN CORE-FORMED 'ROYAL' KRATERISKOS New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty, 14th century BC A dark blue glass squat krateriskos vessel with bulbous body, pedestal foot, broad tubular neck with applied everted rim, two lateral loop handles to the shoulder, white and yellow marvered trails in swags to the body and similar zigzags to the neck. 48 grams, 74mm (3"). Very fine condition, some restoration to neck. £12,000 - 17,000 EUR 13,470 - 19,090 USD 16,410 - 23,240 Provenance Property of an American collector; previously in the Gwain Mckinley collection, London, 1989; previously with Pierre Bergé & Associés, Archéologie, Paris, 16 December 2015, lot 49 (50,000-60,000 euros); formerly in an English private collection, 1970s; accompanied by copies of the relevant Pierre Bergé catalogue pages; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10435170365. Literature For a similar example in the Ernesto Wolf collection see no.5 in Stern, E. M. and Schlick-Nolte, B., Early Glass in the Ancient World, 1600 B.C.- A.D.50. According to the authors, p.130-131, op. cit., several examples of the type were found at Malqata, Amenhotep III's palace at Thebes; Cooney comments, regarding a similar example in the Catalogue of Egyptian Antiquities in the

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British Museum, IV, Glass, no.1738, that glass vessels of this period were likely made solely for the Royal Court; see Nolte, B., Die Glasgefässe im alten Ägypten, Berlin, 1968; and cf. Kozloff, A. P., Aménophis III, le Pharaon-Soleil, catalogue d’exposition, Paris, 1993, pp.332-333. Footnotes The characteristic krateriskos vessel was used for the storage of ointments, oils and cosmetics and may have been confined to the royal court, first during the reign of Amenhotep II. Handles were added later to the shape during the reign of Tuthmosis IV, and the popularity of this vessel shape continued through the reign of Amenhotep III and the early years of the reign of Amenhotep IV.

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EGYPTIAN RED GLASS KOHL POT WITH GOLD RIM New Kingdom, 1550-1070 BC A piriform opaque deep red glass kohl pot with broad rim and gold covering (possibly later); attractive colour variations in the glass body. 60.42 grams, 96mm (3¾"). Very fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470 Provenance Property of a London lady; formerly the property of a London gentleman; acquired by his father in the 1970s; thence by descent; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10508-170128.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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EGYPTIAN HAEMATITE MACEHEAD Old Kingdom, 2686-2181 BC A substantial carved haematite piriform macehead with polished surface. 391 grams, 58mm (2¼"). Very fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,120 - 1,570 USD 1,370 - 1,910 Provenance Property of a Dutch private collector; previously in a Belgian private collection, circa 1965.

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EGYPTIAN HAEMATITE MACEHEAD Old Kingdom, 2686-2181 BC A carved haematite macehead with bulbous body and collar to the rim, polished surface. 212 grams, 46mm (1¾"). Very fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 900 - 1,120 USD 1,090 - 1,370 Provenance Property of a Dutch private collector; previously in a Belgian private collection, circa 1965. Literature See Levy, T.E., The Archaeology of Society in the Holy Land, Leicester, 1995, for discussion.

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EGYPTIAN MUMMY BEAD FACE MASK WITH FOUR SONS OF HORUS Ptolemaic Period, 332-30 BC A restrung netted beadwork panel of ring-shaped and tubular glazed composition mummy beads in blues, greens, black, cream and redbrown colours, depicting a mummy face mask, a scarab with extended wings, two pairs of facing ‘sons of Horus’ figures, roughly joined together with areas of open netting of tubular beads. 73 grams, 22cm (8¾"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 560 - 790 USD 680 - 960 Provenance Property of an East Sussex collector; previously in a London collection; from the Mariaud de Serres collection, Paris, 1980s.

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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EGYPTIAN BLUE GLAZED BOWL WITH OFFERINGS

COPTIC PYXIS WITH LABOURS OF HERCULES

Late Ptolemaic-Roman Period, 100 BC–100 AD

4th-6th century AD

A small glazed composition footed bowl containing nine symbolic food items including a gourd, two flat bread discs and spherical fruit. 55 grams, 52mm (2"). Fine condition. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,250 - 3,370 USD 2,730 - 4,100

A ceramic pyxis with incised and painted decoration displaying Hercules (Greek Herakles) wielding his mace and following a ram, a seated figure to the rear; separate lid with poppy-head handle and painted segmented ornament. 136 grams, 95mm (3¾"). Fine condition. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,490 - 6,740 USD 5,470 - 8,200

Provenance Property of a Dutch private collector; previously with Peter Pelletieri collection, New York, USA, 1970s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10356-167819. Literature Cf. Friedman, F.D., Gifts of The Nile, Ancient Egyptian Faience, London, 1998, no.179, colour illustration on p.170. Published Andrews, C.A.R. and van Dijk, J. edn., Objects for Eternity, Egyptian Antiquities from the W. Arnold Meijer Collection, Mainz, 2006, no.3.54, p.241.

Provenance Acquired from Pierre Bergé & Associés, Archéologie, Paris, 16 May 2018, Lot 100; formerly in a old French collection before 1970; accompanied by an original French archaeological passport and by copies of the relevant Pierre Bergé catalogue pages; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10355-168747.

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PHOENICIAN NECKLACE WITH GOLD POMEGRANATE PENDANT 6th-4th century BC

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EGYPTIAN SARCOPHAGUS FOR A SHREW Late Period, 664-332 BC A bronze sarcophagus for a shrew, square in section and hollow containing the remains of the animal and with a model of it on the upper face; attached to an old collector's handwritten note mounted behind the piece in a wooden frame, stating: 'Mummy of the Mus Ar[..]a[.]us (Shrewmouse) sacred to Buto, goddess of the night: taken from a tomb at Memphis. See Herodotus, Interpa. 67. Q[uer]y: was the veneration for this creature derived from its traditional destruction of the army of Sennacherib according to Herodotus?' 128 grams, 17 x 11cm (6¾ x 4¼"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £300 - 400 EUR 340 - 450 USD 410 - 550 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; from a private English collection formed in 1980s; believed to be from a 19th century collection.

A restrung necklace composed of oblate red jasper beads interspersed with later gold seed beads and twenty-six glass eye pendants; central gold-clad pomegranate pendant; modern clasp. 14.82 grams, 42cm (16½"). Very fine condition. £6,000 - 8,000 EUR 6,740 - 8,980 USD 8,200 - 10,940 Provenance Property of a respected gentleman, from his private collection formed 19652020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10488-171146.

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PHOENICIAN BEAD NECKLACE WITH HUMAN BUST PENDANTS 6th-4th century BC A restrung necklace composed of small ring- or disc-shaped bone, shell and glazed composition beads with later gold beads in between; three black glass pendants in the form of a stylised bust, each with applied eyes and large necklace (one absent); modern clasp. 25 grams, 46.5cm (18½"). Very fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,680 - 2,250 USD 2,050 - 2,730 Provenance Property of a respected gentleman, from his private collection formed 19652020.

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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EGYPTIAN RED JASPER TRIPLE TEARDROP NECKLACE Roman Period, 30 BC-323 AD A restrung necklace composed of tubular red jasper beads and later gold-clad spherical beads; three large teardrop-shaped glass pendants, the lateral ones bicoloured; modern clasp. 48.41 grams, 47cm (18½"). Very fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,680 - 2,250 USD 2,050 - 2,730 Provenance From a UK private collection; formerly with Arts d'Orient, Archéologie Islam, Boisgirard, Paris, 7-9 June 2006, lot 162; accompanied by the relevant Boisgirard catalogue pages.

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PHOENICIAN SCARAB WITH BOWMAN 6th-4th century BC

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A glazed composition scarab with detailed carapace and mouth; the underside with low-relief scene of a kneeling kilted huntsman drawing a bow amid foliage; possibly the god Wepwawet. 2.69 grams, 20mm (¾"). Very fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 450 - 670 USD 550 - 820 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; acquired Bonhams, London, Knightsbridge, 30th September 2016, lot 239 [part]; formerly in a UK private collection, formed in the 1970s, accompanied by a copy of the relevant Bonhams catalogue pages.

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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PHOENICIAN PHIALE WITH ADVANCING SPHINXES 8th-7th century BC A beautifully executed dished gilt-bronze patera with central omphalos and chamfered rim; incised knot to the omphalos and rosette surrounding, concentric guilloche bands with frieze of advancing sphinxes with wings spread. 201 grams, 15cm (6"). Very fine condition. £7,000 - 9,000 EUR 7,860 - 10,110 USD 9,570 - 12,300

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Provenance Property of a London businessman; acquired from Pierre Bergé & Associés, Archéologie, Paris, 16 May 2018, lot 136; accompanied by a copy of the original French passport number 200044, dated 23 July 2018 and by copies of the relevant Pierre Bergé catalogue pages; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10436-170707. Literature See Curtis, J.E. and Reade, J.E. edn., Art And Empire Treasure From Assyria In The British Museum, London, 2006, pp.136-141, for similar and comparable examples; see The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Accession Number 74.51.4554, for a comparable example; see The Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest, Phoenician Bowl with Incised Sphinxes, Inventory Number 99.29.A, for an almost identical example.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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LARGE PHOENICIAN ALABASTER TORPEDO VASE 6th-4th century BC A massive, finely formed banded alabaster vessel with conical base tapering to sharply angled shoulders and vertical rim; with a custommade display stand. 39.1 kg, 79cm including stand (31"). Very fine condition. £7,000 - 9,000 EUR 7,860 - 10,110 USD 9,570 - 12,300

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Provenance From the private collection of a London gentleman; previously with a central Mayfair gallery; by repute the same provenance as an identical example sold at Bonhams, London, 28 October 2009, lot 233; property of an English collector, acquired in 1975; accompanied by a scholarly note TL5330 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10485171100.

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LARGE PHOENICIAN ALABASTER TORPEDO VASE 6th-4th century BC A massive, finely formed banded alabaster vessel with conical base tapering to sharply angled shoulders and vertical rim; with a custommade display stand. 37 kg total, 81.5cm including stand (32"). Very fine condition. £7,000 - 9,000 EUR 7,860 - 10,110 USD 9,570 - 12,300

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Provenance From the private collection of a London gentleman; previously with a central Mayfair gallery; by repute the same provenance as an identical example sold at Bonhams, London, 28 October 2009, lot 233; property of an English collector, acquired in 1975; accompanied by a scholarly note TL5331 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10535171101.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


Greek Also see lots 627 - 701

For charges payable in addition to the ďŹ nal hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Lots 35 - 101 21


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GREEK BUST OF CLEOPATRA Ptolemaic Period, 1st century BC A late Hellenistic bust of a young Ptolemaic queen, possibly Cleopatra VII, her head turned slightly to the right side, oval face, traces of a mole on her left cheek, her convex lidded eyes beneath modelled brows, small mouth with protruding lips arranged in a slight smile, rounded chin, the hair bound in a broad diadem, taenia, with ringlets below the diadem along the forehead covering the upper half of both ears; top and back of the head summarily sculpted, the original possibly completed in plaster; a small driller mortice at the crown for insertion of an attribute, trace of a small knot at the front of the diadem; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 11.9 kg total, 32cm (12½"). Fine condition. £18,000 - 24,000 EUR 20,210 - 26,950 USD 24,610 - 32,810 Provenance Formerly with Musée d'Art Classique de Mougins, France (June 2011-April 2020), inventory number MMoCA469; exhibited at The Classical Now, King’s College, London, UK (2 March-28 April 2020); acquired from Christie’s New York, 11 December 2009, lot 124; previously in the Mentezan family collection, Belgium, since 1972; accompanied by copies of the relevant Christie’s catalogue pages and by a copy of a French cultural export certificate; accompanied by an archaeological expertise by Dr. Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10420-171117.

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Literature See Walker, S. & Higgs, P., Cleopatra of Egypt, from History to the Myth, London, 2001. Published Boardman, J., 'Greek Art', in Merrony, M. (ed.), Mougins Museum of Classical Art, 2011, p.58, fig.3; The Classical Now, King’s College London catalogue, 2018, p.106. Footnotes The head is similar to the portraits identified as belonging to the famous Cleopatra VII Philopator (69-30 BC), the lover of Julius Caesar, the spouse of Mark Anthony and last Queen of Egypt. The association with the portrait found in the Villa of Quintilii (Rome) in 1784, now in the Musei Vaticani, is striking (Walker & Higgs, 2001, p. 218). This head, according to Ludwig Curtius, came from a copy of the famous gold statue of Cleopatra set up by Julius Caesar in the temple of Venus Genitrix in his forum in Rome. Like the Vatican Cleopatra, our marble shares the oval face with a youthful countenance, wide open eyes and short mouth. Like the Vatican Cleopatra, our head closely resembles the portraits of the Queen on the coins, especially the portraits type found on the coins from Ascalon and Alexandria. The present head had the hair reworked in antiquity, or probably was refinished with supplementary material, typical for Ptolemaic statuary in marble.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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LARGE GREEK ATTIC RED-FIGURE COLUMN KRATER WITH MYTH OF KEPHALOS ATTRIBUTED TO THE BOREAS PAINTER 470-460 BC A substantial red-figure krater with figural scene to both sides; one side with the winged goddess and Titaness Eos (Roman Aurora) dressed in sakkos, pursuing the prince Kephalos of Phokis who is depicted as a hunter, wearing a chlamys and holding a pair of javelins; behind Eos two standing draped male figures, one obscured by her outstretched wings, the other bearded and holding a staff; the other side with Eos with outstretched wings, obscuring two further male figures, each dressed in himation and holding a staff, the scene framed by decorated double columns, decorative band above; the neck and the top of the rim with a band of finely linked lotus buds, a double row of dots on the outside rim. 7 kg, 46.4 cm high (18¼"). Fine condition, some restoration. £10,000 - 14,000 EUR 11,230 - 15,720 USD 13,670 - 19,140 Provenance Property of an important London collector; acquired from Christie's, London, 6 December 2016, lot 34; Beazley Archive no.9029239; ex private collection, Australia; acquired from The Geddes Collection, Bonhams, London, 15 October 2008, lot 7; formerly from The Graham Geddes collection, Australia; previously acquired from The Axel Guttman Collection of Ancient Arms and Armour, part 2, Christie's, London, 28 April 2004, lot 84; before that in the Axel

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Guttmann (1944-2001) collection, Berlin; acquired from Helmut Libert, Krefeld, between 1988 and 1998; accompanied by copies of the relevant Christie's, Bonhams, and Axel Guttmann Collection catalogue pages, a copy of a positive thermoluminescence report issued by Oxford Authentication, reference no.119f3, and an expertise written by Dr. Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10270-168597. Literature See Boardman, J., Greek Art, London, 1964; Boardman, J., Athenian Red Figure Vases the Archaic Period, London, 1975; Carpenter, T.H., Art and myth in Ancient Greece, London, 1991; Sparkes, B.A., The Red and the Black, London-New York, 1996; Boardman, J., The History of the Greek Vases, London, 2006. Footnotes The scene represents the well-known myth of Kephalos, kidnapped for his beauty from his wife Procris by the goddess Eos (the Dawn). Kephalos never stopped loving Procris which made Eos discontent. After eight long years, she agreed to return him to his wife but with the condition that he should return in disguise and try to seduce her to see if she still was a loyal bride. Kephalos managed to seduce her, but the ashamed Procris asked refuge from the goddess Artemis. Procris returned to her husband bringing back two gifts from Artemis, a javelin that never missed, and Laelaps, a hunting dog that always caught its prey. However, when Kephalos went to a mountaintop to invoke Nephele, Procris, fearing that Eos would kidnap her husband again, followed the prince. Kephalos heard a noise and not knowing it was his wife, threw the javelin, mortally wounding Procris. With her dying words, Procris asked Kephalos never to marry Eos.

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GREEK KRATER FRAGMENT WITH AMAZON FIGHTING SCENE ATTRIBUTED TO THE NAZZANO PAINTER 380-360 BC A substantial red-figure vessel sherd from a krater, the painted motif representing a fighting scene between the Greeks and Amazons, dressed similarly to the warriors of the Persian Achaemenid armies; the foreground with a warrior woman on horseback, holding a javelin with reversed point, ready to be thrown, wearing a soft Phrygian cap and a short chiton worn over an ependytes, long decorated trousers, upper tunic fastened by two crossed belts, riding bareback on a fierce horse with short mane; beside her two Amazon warriors, one dressed in similar chiton and brandishing a typical pelta-shaped Thracian shield, the other woman laying dead or wounded in the foreground; to the right side of the fragment part of a Greek hoplon shield is visible, two partially preserved figures of Amazon warriors to each corner. 188 grams, 22cm (8¾"). Very fine condition. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,350 - 1,910 USD 1,640 - 2,320

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Provenance Property of a London businessman; purchased on the Brussels art market, 2007; formerly in an old Belgian collection; accompanied by an archaeological expertise by Dr. Raffaele D’Amato. Literature See Von Bothmer, D., Amazons in Greek Art, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1957; Patten, A.E., Addressing the Other: The Amazon in Greek Art, University Honors Theses, Portland, Paper 24, 2013; Christie’s, Antiquities, London, 3 July 2018, London, 2018, see pp.54-55, for a work by the same painter. Footnotes In its mythological prehistory, Athens was attacked by the Amazons, a tribe of mythical warrior-women whose homeland lay beyond the Black Sea. Theseus, the legendary king of Attica, fought against the invaders and married Antiope, the Amazon queen. The Amazons, in the paintings of famous Greek red Attic ceramist like the painter of Eretria (440-410 BC, Met.31.11.13), the Dwarf painter (440-430 BC, Met. Accession number 56.171.42), the Painter of the Woolly Satyrs (450 BC, accession number 07.286.84 ), and many others, were represented as cavalrymen and warriors of the new enemy invader, the Achaemenid Persians.

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LARGE ETRUSCAN IMPASTO WARE OLLA Mid 7th century BC 38

A dark brown ceramic vessel with high trumpet foot, globular body, large flat overhanging ribbed rim, distinctive shoulder, encircled by an applied ring, and two horizontal handles on opposite sides of the body, with three large vertical ribs either side. 5.6 kg, 39cm wide (15¼"). Fine condition, some restoration, small hole to the shoulder. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,120 - 1,570 USD 1,370 - 1,910 Provenance Private collection, London; acquired on the art market in the 1980s. Footnotes An impressive example of impasto ware production, most of which were discovered inside the chamber tombs around the Etruscan cities of Vulci or Volsinii.

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GREEK CORINTHIAN AMPHORA 7th-6th century BC A terracotta amphora with body divided into four horizontal registers separated by thick black and red lines; a variety of animals depicted on a yellow background with rosettes; leopards, lions, bulls and geese painted with black slip; their details rendered with a red-purple pigment and incised lines. 470 grams, 20cm (8"). Fine condition, rim chipped. £800 - 1,000 EUR 900 - 1,120 USD 1,090 - 1,370 Provenance Property of an Austrian private collector since the 1970s. Literature See Smith, T. Jo., A Companion to Greek Art. 1, Wiley-Blackwell, 2012.

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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HELLENISTIC SKYPHOS WITH EROTIC SCENES 2nd-1st century BC A ceramic skyphos with two strap handles, the sidewall with everted rim, four appliqué panels, each presenting an erotic scene featuring two lovers on a draped couch. 418 grams, 19cm wide (7½"). Fine condition, repaired. £5,000 - 7,000 EUR 5,610 - 7,860 USD 6,840 - 9,570 Provenance Previously with Christie's, Kings street, London, 18 October 2005, lot 154; formerly in a UK private collection; acquired in the 1980s; accompanied by copies of the relevant Christie's catalogue pages, and a large old museumquality photograph; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10344-168749.

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LARGE GREEK DAUNIAN PAINTED VESSEL 6th-5th century BC

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A large ceramic greyware vase with rounded body, flared mouth, two lateral loop handles; geometric black-painted scooped bands to the shoulder and mouth, strokes to the handles. 4.1 kg, 42cm (16½"). Fine condition, repaired. [No Reserve] £600 - 800 EUR 670 - 900 USD 820 - 1,090 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; previously from a private English collection.

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LARGE GREEK DAUNIAN PAINTED VESSEL 6th-5th century BC A large ceramic greyware vase with rounded body, flared mouth, two lateral loop handles; circumferential geometric red and black painted bands from shoulder to base with wider band above the equator featuring hatched lozenges and other motifs; scoops, bands and other motifs to the mouth. 3.4 kg, 41cm (16"). Fine condition, one handle repaired. [No Reserve] £600 - 800 EUR 670 - 900 USD 820 - 1,090 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; previously from a private English collection.

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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GREEK CORINTHIAN WARRIOR'S HEAD ARYBALLOS 6th century BC An Archaic buffware flask formed as a Corinthian aryballos warrior head wearing helmet; flat rim to mouth of the vessel and painted geometric decoration. 80 grams, 70mm (2¾"). Fine condition. £5,000 - 7,000 EUR 5,610 - 7,860 USD 6,840 - 9,570 Provenance Property of a London businessman; formerly in the collection of Mr B.M., London, UK, since the 1990s; previously in a UK collection; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10443-168748. Literature See Folsom, R.S., Handbook of Greek Pottery, London, 1967, for discussion. Footnotes Aryballoi were used by the ancient Greeks to store perfume or oil, and are frequently depicted in vase paintings as being used by athletes during bathing. The broad rim was designed to prevent spillages, because the contents were precious. The Archaic period to which this item belongs saw a significant shift in Greek artistic practices, from abstract geometric forms to a naturalistic style influenced by Egypt and the Near East.

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GREEK COMIC ACTOR'S MASK 3rd-1st century BC A good-size ceramic mask with exaggerated smile, beard, fleshy nose, pronounced cheeks and wart, wrinkled lentoid-shaped eyes with piercings to pupils, raised brows, pointed ears, also pierced, and hairline composed of geometric curls; mounted on a custom-made stand. 572 grams total, 21cm including stand (8¼"). Fine condition, repaired. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,680 - 2,250 USD 2,050 - 2,730 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with the Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972.

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GREEK TERRACOTTA MODEL OF A HORSE 4th-3rd century BC A hollow-formed ceramic standing horse, head held aloft, long, full tail and cropped mane; phalera disc between erect ears and a second applied disc to the chest; mouth slightly ajar; remains of decorative red pigmentation to the head and neck, possibly indicating part of a head collar or bridle; mounted on a custom-made stand. 264 grams total, 13.5cm including stand (5¼"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 560 - 790 USD 680 - 960

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Provenance Property of a Dutch private collector; acquired Gallery Arete, Zurich, Switzerland, circa 1990. Literature Cf. Christie's, Pair of Canosan Terracotta Horses, Apulia, Hellenistic Period, circa 3rd century BC, New York, sale 3798, 9th December 2015, for comparable figures. Footnotes This possibly once served as a votive figure.

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LARGE PARTHIAN TURQUOISE GLAZED VESSEL 3rd century BC-2nd century AD A turquoise glazed ceramic jar with flared foot, linear bands to the body and shoulders, two bands of impressed chevron motifs below the neck, broad tubular neck with everted rim, strap handles to the shoulders. 2.3 kg, 33cm (13"). Fine condition, repaired. £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 2,020 - 2,690 USD 2,460 - 3,280 Provenance Property of a London businessman; previously with Los Angeles Auctioneers, January 2013; ex Aphrodite Ancient Art, New York, USA; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10566-171767.

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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HELLENISTIC INSCRIBED GILT SILVER WINE CUP 2nd century BC A silver bell-shaped cup or bowl, raised from a single sheet of silver, parcel-gilt, with hatched gilt bands to the inner face, pointillé maker or owner stamp to the outer rim; the interior of the cup decorated with a gilded circular band under the rim, and a central gilded garland in which a series of leaves is alternating geometrical patterns ornamented with dots and lines. 305 grams, 15cm diameter (6"). Fine condition, repaired, hole to base. [No Reserve] £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 2,020 - 2,690 USD 2,460 - 3,280 Provenance Property of an American collector; previously from the private German collection of Mr F., formed 1950-1960; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Literature See Pfrommer, M., Metalwork from the Hellenized East: Catalogue of the Collections of the J. Paul Getty Museum, Malibu, 1993, pp.21ff and 140ff, for general discussion and parallels. Footnotes During the Hellenistic period, wealthy Greeks, rich Hellenised Asian people and even Central Asian royalty used silver as a sign of wealth more commonly than before. The profits from the mines of Laurium Hills in Attica, discovered in 5th century BC, enriched several Athenian families and created a greater pool of silver with which artisans could produce fine goods like this cup. In Hellenistic times we often find a small ornamental medallion in the centre, framed by tendril friezes or other decorative zones at varying intervals, like in our cup, and, especially if the cup was purchased by a Barbarian leader, the punched mark of the Greek workshop which produced the vessel, with the possible indication of the weight, or the owner's name. The decoration of our cup finds a parallel among Near Eastern silver and suggests the work of an eastern Hellenised workshop. Archaeological findings suggest ritual functions for these cups too. Silver cups have been abundantly found at sanctuaries of Diana and Hercules - two figures in classical religion associated with birth, nursing, and rearing children.

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HELLENISTIC GILT SILVER WINE CUP

HELLENISTIC SILVER FLUTED WINE CUP

2nd-1st century BC

2nd-1st century BC

A silver parcel-gilt cup comprising a globular body with rounded underside, repoussé rosette with ropework border, segmented band with leaf detailing, hatched shoulder framed by ropework bands, scooped neck with chamfered rim; two D-shaped ledge handles with recessed rim, ropework border, hatched panels. 175 grams, 16cm (6½"). Fine condition, repaired. [No Reserve] £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,120 - 1,570 USD 1,370 - 1,910

A substantial silver cup with fluted globular body, flat base with incised concentric rings; tapering shoulder, everted rolled rim; strap handle with flat thumb-plate and piriform vine-leaf lower attachment; band of incised running foliage to the shoulder and handle, scrolled geometric motif to the thumb-plate and attachment. 195 grams, 10cm high (4"). Fine condition, repaired. [No Reserve] £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,120 - 1,570 USD 1,370 - 1,910

Provenance Property of an American collector; from a private collection formed in North America; acquired on the US art market in the early 1990s.

Provenance Property of an American collector; from a private collection formed in North America; acquired on the US art market in the early 1990s. Literature See Carducci, C., Gold and Silver Treasures of Ancient Italy, London, 1969, for discussion.

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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51

50

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GREEK SILVER KANTHAROS

HELLENISTIC SILVER RIBBED VASE

5th-4th century BC

4th-3rd century BC

A silver two-handled drinking cup with a flared foot, plain body with everted rim; two applied loop handles with scallop shell finials; on one handle a punched inscription, probably representing the maker’s mark. 203 grams, 16cm wide (6¼"). Very fine condition. £5,000 - 7,000 EUR 5,610 - 7,860 USD 6,840 - 9,570

A piriform silver vessel with small foot with multi-petalled rosette within the recess, vertically fluted body, ovolo to the shoulder and flared mouth with rolled rim; six strain holes to the shoulder, possibly from a spout; held within a custom-made felt-lined display box. 186 grams (814 grams including box), 14cm (box: 22 x 17cm) (5½ (8¾ x 6¾)"). Fair condition, uncleaned. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,250 - 3,370 USD 2,730 - 4,100

Provenance Ex private collection of Mr M. B., Mainz, Germany, since the 1980s; accompanied by an archaeological expertise by Dr. Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10387-169244. Literature See Strong, D.E., Greek and Roman Gold and Silver Plate, Glasgow, 1966; Davis-Kimball, J., Bashilov, V.A., Yablonsky, L.T., Nomads of the Eurasian Steppes in the Early Iron Age, Berkeley, 1995; Gavriljuk, N.A., Social and Economic Stratification of the Scythians from the Steppe Region Based on black-glazed pottery from burials, 2009; Meyer, C., Greco-Scythian art & the birth of Eurasia, from classical Antiquity to Russian Modernity, Oxford, 2013.

Provenance Property of a London gentleman; previously with Bonhams, London, 26 October 2007, lot 213; formerly with the Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972; accompanied by copies of the relevant Bonhams catalogue pages; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10526170846. Literature For a similar example in the Metropolitan Museum, New York, cf. von Bothmer, Dietrich A Greek and Roman Treasury, MET Bulletin, Summer, 1984, no.51, which is catalogued as 'Greek, 6th century BC'.

Footnotes The kantharos, a type of drinking cup with high handles, was the attribute of the god Dionysus (Bacchus for the Romans) and its form recalls the kantharoi of 5th-4th century BC (Walters Art Gallery, inv.57.934, see Strong, 1966, plate 9b). This double-shelled cup was assembled from separate parts, including the foot and the two sections of the handles. It is a masterwork of GraecoScythian art, or better so of Greek art often found in the Scythian graves. Since the 6th century BC, kantharoi could be found in graves of wealthy barbarian princes living at the fringes of the Greek world, like the chieftains of the Dassaretioi (Illyrians) buried in the grave of Trebenishte, where the three silver kantharoi found were imported from Greece. In the Black Sea cemeteries situated in the vicinities of Greek towns of Pontus, both Scythian male and female graves of the 4th century BC, often contained some Greek amphorae and black burnished drinking vessels, kantharoi, or a kylix, or Scythian pottery located next to the sacrificial meat. In the tumulus of Karagodeuashkh, in the region of lower Kuban, in an ashlar built tomb, a silver cup was found, and inside the male grave of the second chamber several silver kylixes and a skyphos were found (Meyer, 2013, pp. 363ff.), other two-handled or plain silver cups were also found in various graves (Meyer, 2013, pp.326, 331, 348).

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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HELLENISTIC SILVER RHYTON WITH DEER PROTOME 2nd-1st century BC A slender silver rhyton formed as the forepart of a roe deer with folded legs, the animal's neck slightly arched; large eyes, eyebrows, nostrils and mouth modelled in relief; each antler with three tines, small hole to the breast; a slender steep horn with everted rim, the rim with a dentilled frieze on the top and Ionic kymation on the out-turned part; accompanied by a custom-made display stand. 807 grams total, 22.5cm including stand (9"). Very fine condition, restored. £100,000 - 140,000 EUR 112,280 - 157,200 USD 136,720 - 191,400 Provenance Acquired by the current owner in London in 2006; previously with Michael O'Hara, Bedfordshire, UK; acquired from K.J. Hewitt, UK, in 1970; formerly

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acquired in London in the 1950s; accompanied by a copy of an eleven page examination report number 69/2008 by Dr. habil Mikhail Treister dated 6 December 2008; accompanied by an archaeological expertise by Dr. Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10273168738. Literature See Pfrommer, M., Metalwork from the Hellenized East, Catalogue of the Collections, the J. Paul Getty Museum, Malibu,1993; Carter, M.L., Goldstein, S., Harper, P.O., Kawami, T.S., Meyers, P., Splendors of the Ancient East, Antiquities from the al-Sabah collection, London, 2013; Ebbinghaus, S., Feasting with gods, heroes, and kings, Cambridge, 2019. Footnotes Rhyta are the horn-shaped vessels many ancient peoples used for drinking wine. The Greeks favoured horses and human or mythical heads of satyrs for their rhyta.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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53

LARGE HELLENISTIC GILT SILVER BOWL 2nd-1st century BC A shallow silver phiale with chamfered thickened rim; narrow band of gilding beneath the rim, broad parcel-gilt decorative band with wave borders framing reserved tendrils and foliage; to the centre a parcelgilt panel with keystone border and quatrefoil motif. 428 grams, 21.2cm (8¼"). Very fine condition. £20,000 - 30,000 EUR 22,460 - 33,690 USD 27,340 - 41,020

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Provenance Formerly with Pierre Berge & Associes, Paris, Archéologie, 16 May 2018, lot 214; formerly in a French collection, 1980s; accompanied by a copy of a seven page examination report number 113/2019 by Dr. habil Mikhail Treister, the original French archaeological passport, and a copy of the relevant Pierre Berge & Associes catalogue pages; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10426-168735.

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HELLENISTIC GILT SILVER CUP WITH NIKE 2nd-1st century BC A hammered, chased and soldered silver-gilt cup with central medallion of Nike in high-relief; the bowl is formed as a truncated cone with a shallow foot comprising an irregular circular 'ropework' border enclosing a floral motif, or double rosette; the bust of Nike showing the goddess draped in a goat skin, with knot and ungulate leg with hoof at right shoulder, wings spread, hair dressed in curls, torc at neck, gazing left; face with almond eyes, straight nose and full, closed lips; with the exception of the face, all elements of the central medallion were originally gilt. 96.9 grams, 12.5 cm (5"). Very fine condition. £18,000 - 24,000 EUR 20,210 - 26,950 USD 24,610 - 32,810

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Provenance Acquired by the current owner in London in 2006; previously from a private collection, Mainz, Germany, 1980s; accompanied by a copy of a seven page examination report number 114/2019 by Dr. habil Mikhail Treister; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10346-168737. Literature Cf. Carter, M.L., Arts of the Hellenized East, Precious Metalwork and Gems of the Pre-Islamic Era, London, 2015, for discussion; cf. Marazov, I. edn., Ancient Gold: The Wealth of the Thracians. Treasures from the Republic of Bulgaria, New York, 1998. Footnotes Nike was the winged goddess of victory. Goat-skin clothing was an attribute of Artemis, but here it is worn by Nike, attesting to the syncretic nature of the art embodied by this object. The workmanship of this piece suggests a workshop in the Kuban basin.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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55

HELLENISTIC SILVER TULIP-SHAPED MEDALLION OF DEMETER

CUP

WITH

GOLD

4th-2nd century BC A silver drinking vessel with deep rounded body, arched ribbed rim, waisted stem and tiered discoid foot; circumferential band of decoration on plate between top of stem and bottom of body; gold roundel on internal base presenting an image of the Greek goddess Demeter (Ceres in Roman mythology) in high-relief, head tilted right, flowing hair, baring one of her breasts and holding a cornucopia brimming with fruits. 358 grams, 17cm (6¾"). Fine condition, some restoration. £10,000 - 14,000 EUR 11,230 - 15,720 USD 13,670 - 19,140 Provenance From an important Austrian collection; formerly with Hermann Historica, Munich, Germany, auction 68, lot 2213; ex Austrian private collection; acquired from an art dealer in Vienna in the 1980s. Literature See Oliver, A., Late Hellenistic Glass in the Metropolitan Museum in: Journal of Glass Studies, volume 9, 1967, for an almost identical profile in glass; see Blume, T., The Silver Treasure Trove of Hildesheim, Leipzig, for comparable vessels.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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56

57

59

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EASTERN GREEK SILVER SIMPULUM WITH DUCK AND LIONS

ETRUSCAN RECLINING BANQUETEER STATUETTE

6th-4th century BC

6th century BC

A silver ladle or simpulum with large integral round loop handle, surmounted by two lions with heads facing back; to the lower end of the ribbed shaft, a lion's head devouring a duck, the duck biting the large circular bowl; mounted on a custom-made stand. 380 grams total, 26.5cm including stand (10½"). Very fine condition. £5,000 - 7,000 EUR 5,610 - 7,860 USD 6,840 - 9,570

A bronze statuette modelled as a bare-chested banqueteer, reclining on his left side, knees bent slightly towards the chest, right arm and hand resting on his hip and lower leg, head held aloft, chin raised slightly in a haughty expression; supplied with a custom-made display plinth. 380 grams total, 13cm including stand (5"). Very fine condition, left hand absent. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,490 - 6,740 USD 5,470 - 8,200

Provenance From a private collection, 1990s; formerly with Pierre Bergé & Associés, Archéologie, Paris, 26 May 2011, Lot 215 (16,000-18,000 euros); accompanied by copies of the relevant Pierre Bergé catalogue pages, and by a copy of an French cultural export certificate number 128955; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by IADAA certificate number no.09042020/1458. Literature Cf. von Bothmer, D., A Greek and Roman Treasury, New York, 1984, pp.41-42, no.59-64.

Provenance Property of a UK businessman; formerly with Gorny & Mosch, Munich, Germany, 14 December 2016, lot 20A (8,000 euros); formerly in a German collection, c.1970s; accompanied by copies of the relevant Gorny & Mosch catalogue pages; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10364168787. Literature Cf. Reunion des Musees Nationaux, Les Etrusques Et L'Europe, Paris, 1993, for comparable examples and discussion.

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HELLENISTIC SILVER RING WITH HUNTSMAN SCENE GEMSTONE 3rd-2nd century BC An ellipsoid carnelian gemstone with intaglio scene of a huntsman standing over a stag with legs folded beneath the body, head raised and antlers displayed; set in a later silver finger ring. 11.10 grams, 27.09mm overall, 20.02mm internal diameter (approximate size British I, USA 4¼, Europe 7.44, Japan 7) (1"). Fine condition. £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 2,020 - 2,690 USD 2,460 - 3,280 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly acquired before 1970; accompanied by a scholarly note TL5320 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10475-168454. Literature Cf. Ruseva-Slokoska, L., Roman Jewellery, Sofia, 1991, items 271, 275, for type.

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Footnotes The Etruscans were deeply concerned with the afterlife. Their dead were often represented as figures reclining at a banquet in their best clothes and makeup. They believed their dead were constantly thirsty, therefore figures were often created holding bowls for offerings similar to this example.

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GREEK STATUETTE OF A DANCING SATYR 5th-4th century BC A bronze statuette of a dancing satyr with right leg and arm straight, left leg and arm raised, bearded face with wide slender moustache and pointed ears, bald head, erect penis; recess to the back for acceptance of a tail, now absent. 116 grams, 78mm (3"). Fine condition. £5,000 - 7,000 EUR 5,610 - 7,860 USD 6,840 - 9,570 Provenance Property of an American collector; from an old Suffolk collection; formed 19902000; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10507-170367.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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61

60

61

EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN FEMALE STATUETTE

SCYTHIAN MIRROR WITH PANTHER

9th-8th century BC

5th-4th century BC

An eastern Mediterranean or Syrian bronze statuette or idol formed as a female figure standing with hands placed on the hips, wearing a long ankle-length tight-fitting gown with a thick frontal pleat; a long piriform face with stern expression, hair in a bobbed style; a raised collar above the neckline of the gown, with bracelets (or hems?) to the elbows, domed breasts and raised chevron detailing; feet placed together and attachment lugs beneath; mounted on a custom-made stand. 460 grams total, 27.5cm including stand (10¾"). Fine condition, repaired. £8,000 - 10,000 EUR 8,980 - 11,230 USD 10,940 - 13,670

A bronze Scythian-Olbian type handled mirror, formed with discoid head with raised rim and bifacial fluted columnar handle surmounted by a standing animal, possibly a panther, with round, dished ears, large muzzle and curled tail; mounted on a custom-made stand. 1.8 kg total, 43cm including stand (17"). Very fine condition. £5,000 - 7,000 EUR 5,610 - 7,860 USD 6,840 - 9,570

Provenance From the private collection of R. Colonel, circa 1960s; thence by descent; previously in the private collection of Colonel Brugelli (Office of the Muslim Officers after the cession of Alexandrette to the Turks), 1938; accompanied by a positive metallurgic analytical result, written by Metallurgist Dr. Peter Northover (ex Department of Materials, Materials Science-Based Archaeology Group & Department of Materials, University of Oxford), and French cultural passport no.156068; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by IADAA certificate number no.14042020/1045. Literature Cf. Haynes, S., Etruscan Civilisation: A Cultural History, Hong Kong, 2000, p.24 and p.82; cf. Dr. Northover's detailed metallurgical report notes the high silver content of the bronze, which is more often associated with items of the 2nd millennium BC than of the early 1st. He therefore proposes a Mesopotamian source for the figure - or rather, for the metal in which it is cast. Stylistically, the figure shares many features with Mediterranean bronze items of the early 1st millennium.

Provenance Acquired by the current owner in London in 2007; formerly in the private collection of Mr M. B., Mainz, Germany, since the 1960s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10490-170706. Literature Cf. Trofimova, A., Greeks on the Black Sea: ancient art from the Hermitage, J. Paul Getty Museum, 2007, item 29j; See Leypunskaya, N. A., Olbian-Scythian Trade: Exchange Issues in the Sixth to Fourth Centuries BC, Oxford, 2007, for discussion. Footnotes The so-called 'Olbian type' mirror is named after the Greek city Olbia, which appears to have had a dynamic commercial exchange with the Scythian world between the sixth and fourth centuries BC. The Olbian mirrors are recognised as central to this trade network and their origin has been widely discussed by the academic community. It remains disputed whether the mirrors were made by Scythians near the river Dnieper, or whether they were Olbian. Leypunskaya (2007) suggests that Olbian bronze-work, including these mirrors, was created for trade with Scythians, drawing on popular animal-style designs to target a Scythian audience.

Footnotes The statuette is of a type found throughout the eastern Mediterranean region from antiquity, relating to the worship of a ubiquitous female divinity whether as a nourishing maternal figure or, as in the present example, as the slender female form emphasising her sexual allure by placing her hands on her hips.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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ETRUSCAN HANDLE PAIR WITH MEDUSA HEADS 6th-5th century BC A pair of bronze vase handles, stamnos, each comprising a roundsection bow with beaded ribs, collars at the centre and at each end; terminals modelled as Medusa heads, presenting grotesque faces with gaping mouths baring sharp fangs, tongues sticking out, and stylised bearded snakes emerging from the hair; each mounted on a custom-made display stand. 683 grams total, 12.3cm including stand each (4¾"). Fine condition. [2] £10,000 - 14,000 EUR 11,230 - 15,720 USD 13,670 - 19,140 Provenance Formerly with Donati Arte Classica, Lugano, Switzerland in 2013; formerly in the private collection of Athos Moretti, Bellinzona, Switzerland, in the 1960s; accompanied by a copy of the Donati Arte Classica invoice; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10345-168740.

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Literature Cf. Reunion Des Musees Nationaux, Les Etrusques Et L'Europe, Paris, 1992, p. 42 and p.140, for comparable examples in other media; cf. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Fragments of a cart or chariot, sockets with Medusa masks ca. 500–480 BC, accession number 29.131.3d1–d3; Wohl, B. L., A Campanian Gorgon Antefix, The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 24 (1996), pp.13-20, fig. 1. Footnotes In ancient mythology, Medusa was one of three monstrous winged female creatures who had venomous snakes living in her hair. The story of Medusa is elaborated by the Roman poet Ovid in his Metamorphosis, which explains that Medusa was a kind woman until she had sex with Poseidon in Athena’s temple. Athena exacted punishment on Medusa, turning her into a monstrous creature with a glare that turned all who gazed into her eyes to stone. Medusa was eventually beheaded by the Greek hero Perseus, who used her head as a weapon which, even after being hewn from Medusa's body, could turn his enemies to stone. Perseus later presented Medusa's head to the goddess Athena, which she in turn weaponised, placing it on her shield. In classical antiquity, representations of the head of Medusa appeared in the apotropaic device known as the Gorgoneion, designed to ward-off evil and bad luck.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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65

64

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GREEK GEOMETRIC PYXIS PAIR

GREEK STRING INSTRUMENT WITH BOW

8th century BC

8th-7th century BC

A pair of bronze pyxides, each with splayed foot, narrow stem, bulbous body narrowing to the rim and linear incisions to the body; one with triangular lobes, each pierced, and an oval lid pierced twice to match the lobes for suspension; lid with extended winged handles, one incomplete, and central knop handle, mounted on a custommade stand; the other a 'Sickle' type pyxis with wings to the body, extending down from the rim and recurving upwards, pierced through, and an oval lid pierced twice to match for suspension; lid with winged handles curved to fit with those below, and central knop handle with flat discoid terminal. 510 grams total, 10-11cm including stand (4-4¼"). Fine condition. [2, No Reserve] £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,350 - 1,910 USD 1,640 - 2,320

A bronze musical instrument of the pandura type with U-shaped bronze channel and tapering conical handle; the bow similar with hooked end to receive the bowstring. 296 grams, 63cm (24¾"). Fine condition. [2] £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,350 - 1,910 USD 1,640 - 2,320

Provenance Property of an American collector; formerly the property of a North American gentleman; acquired from Fortuna Fine Arts, New York, USA, 2003; previously with Gorny and Mosch, Munich, Germany; formerly from an old private German collection.

1st century BC-1st century AD

Literature Cf. Benaki Museum, Athens, accession number:  7888, for type. Footnotes These lidded bronze pyxides most likely originate from the area of Northern Greece, fitting a type and style typical of the Geometric Period (9th-7th century BC), with linear motifs to the bodies. The vessels would have been hung, as indicated by their perforations, and could have been used to hold perfume or oils. The 'sickle' type pyxis is so-called because of the shape of its wings, which are said to resemble sickles, but elsewhere these wings have been identified as stylised bird protomes.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Provenance Property of a London gentleman; acquired on the London art market before 2000; previously in a UK collection.

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CAUCASIAN SARMATIAN PERIOD TRIANGULAR PLAQUE WITH REARING HORSES

A bronze D-shaped plaque with loop to each corner and hook to the reverse; the border formed as a herringbone band enclosing two opposed rearing horses flanking a median branch or stem. 118 grams, 11.2cm (4½"). Fine condition, worn. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,120 - 1,570 USD 1,370 - 1,910 Provenance Property of a London businessman; acquired in 2005 from Tajan Auctions, Paris, France, 15th April 2005, lot 135; accompanied by a copy of the Tajan Auctions invoice.

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LARGE HELLENISTIC BANDED ALABASTER HYDRIA Ptolemaic Period, 3rd century BC A finely-fashioned, large banded alabaster hydria vessel formed in one piece, incorporating a foot ring, everted rim and a single handle extending from rim to body, with two shallow lugs to shoulders. 8 kg, 49cm (19¼"). Very fine condition. £12,000 - 17,000 EUR 13,470 - 19,090 USD 16,410 - 23,240

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Provenance Formerly in the private collection of Mr R.C., an antiquities dealer at the Sablon in Brussels, Belgium; acquired in the 1970s; accompanied by a scholarly note TL5332 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz, and a copy of an Art Loss Register certificate no.S00148363; this lot has also been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by IADAA certificate number no.31032020/1227. Literature For other examples see pp.2-3, fig.5 in Pagenstecher, Die griechischägyptische Samlung E. Von Sieglin, vol.III: Die Gefässe in Stein und Ton, Knochenschnitzereien, and p.23, pl.XVI in Breccia, Le Musée Gréco-Romain d'Alexandrie, 1925-1931.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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LARGE SARMATIAN GOLD PIN-BROOCH WITH PENDANTS 2nd-1st century BC A substantial gold disc brooch with chains and pendants; the brooch a sheet-gold disc with beaded gold wire rim surrounding three bosses with granulated ornament and three bosses with granules each set within a beaded filigree hoop; tapering pin to the reverse; interstitial applied filigree ornament of granules and beaded filigree scrolls; beaded filigree ring surrounding triangular granule clusters, central boss with similar clusters to the lower body and granulation above; eight applied loops to the lower rim of the brooch, from each a trichinopoly chain supporting a lobed plaque with applied filigree and granules, two loops to the lower edge and from each loop a short

chain with sheet-gold disc finial; mounted in a custom-made display box. 39.36 grams (339 grams including box), 13cm (box: 19 x 12cm) (5 (7½ x 4¾)"). Very fine condition. £12,000 - 17,000 EUR 13,470 - 19,090 USD 16,410 - 23,240 Provenance Formerly with Pierre Bergé & Associés, Paris, Archaélogie, 30 May, 2015, lot 177 (16,000 / 18,000 euros); previously in an English collection; accompanied by a ten page examination report by Dr. habil Mikhail Treister dated 14 December 2007; an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no.168725/07/12/2020; copies of the relevant pages from Masterpieces of Ancient Eurasian Art where this piece is published; and a copy of the relevant Pierre Bergé & Associés catalogue pages; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10352-168725. Published Dr. Adams, N. edn., Masterpieces of Eurasian Art, London, 2008.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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68

68

LARGE SARMATIAN GOLD BROOCH WITH PENDANTS 2nd-1st century BC A substantial gold disc brooch with chains and pendants; the shield comprising a sheet-gold panel with applied granules to the rim and beaded filigree guilloche, beaded gold wire collar enclosing a band of omega-shaped filigree appliqué, triangular granulated clusters with domed bosses and four piriform cells set with garnet cabochons, central garnet or imitation in a setting with granulated claws; to the lower rim, seventeen loops each with a gold wire ending in a sphere and lunate finial with beaded wire border, looped ends with inset granules. 38.61 grams total, 11cm (box: 20 x 20cm) (4¼"). Fine condition. £14,000 - 19,000 EUR 15,720 - 21,330 USD 19,140 - 25,980

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Provenance Formerly in the M. Velensky collection, London, UK, 1990s; accompanied by a copy of a seven page examination report number 66/2008 by Dr. habil Mikhail Treister dated 8 December 2008, and an expertise from Striptwist Ltd, a London-based company run by historical precious metal specialist Dr Jack Ogden, reference number 180221/FD; an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no. 8724/07/12/2020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10433-168724. Footnotes Dr. Treister writes: 'This rare brooch with its rich variety of filigree, granulation and garnet inlays in a good state of preservation ....is one of the finest known examples of the Kuban style in jewellery.'

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


69

LARGE SARMATIAN JEWELLED GOLD BROOCH 1st century BC-1st century AD A substantial gold disc brooch with applied pin-ring and catch to the reverse for a double pin; the face with applied beaded wire ring enclosing triangular clusters of granulation and tubular cells with glass cabochon inserts (mainly red and two green) and one pear-shaped cell with garnet insert; central filigree ring enclosing a beaded wire border to the centre cell with inset carnelian gemstone. 21.61 grams, 59mm (2¼"). Very fine condition. £5,000 - 7,000 EUR 5,610 - 7,860 USD 6,840 - 9,570 Provenance Formerly in the M. Velensky collection, London, UK, 1990s; accompanied by a copy of a five page examination report number 64/2008 by Dr. habil Mikhail Treister dated 8 December 2008; an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no.168726/07/12/2020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10351-168726.

69

Literature For brooch type see the Morgan Museum, New York, ref. 2012.2:14. Footnotes Dr. Treister writes: 'This brooch ... belongs to a rare group of late brooches which are known from... the Kuban area and maybe dated to the late 1st century BC - 1st century AD...This rare brooch with its rich variety of filigree, granulation and garnet inlays in a good state of preservation... is one of the finest known examples of the Kuban style in jewellery.'

70

HELLENISTIC JEWELLED GOLD BROOCH 2nd-1st century BC A sheet-gold brooch with cells; the shield an ellipsoid plaque with band of braided gold filigree surrounding a large central applied cell with filigree and ropework collar, inset chalcedony gemstone; at each narrow end two gold teardrop cells containing orange glass cabochons flanking a median cell shaped like an ivy leaf with the sidewalls of the cells scrolled outwards to form smaller round cells with cabochon inserts; reinforcing plates to the reverse and pierced lug suspension loop. 11.99 grams, 50mm (2"). Very fine condition. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,490 - 6,740 USD 5,470 - 8,200

70

Provenance Formerly in the M. Velensky collection, London, UK, 1990s; accompanied by a copy of a five page examination report number 113/2019 by Dr. habil Mikhail Treister; and an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no.168728/07/12/2020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10349-168728. Footnotes Dr. Treister writes 'The brooch discussed belongs to the type, characteristic for the nomadic burials primarily of the Kuban area ... of the 2nd-1st centuries BC / 1st century AD. ... In course of ancient refurbishment two groups of inlays were added to the brooch. ... Most probably refurbishment of the brooch took place some time in the second half of the 1st century BC or even in the early 1st century AD.'

71

HELLENISTIC GOLD BROOCH WITH TYCHE GARNET 2nd-1st century BC A gold ellipsoid brooch with inset central gemstone; the shield with concentric bands of beaded filigree enclosing a band of triangular granule clusters and granule collar to the central cell; applied pin-loop and carrier to the reverse, scrolled catch to the rim opposite; central garnet cabochon with intaglio standing figure of Tyche (Roman Fortuna) wearing a floor-length robe and modius headdress, cornucopia in one hand and rudder in the other. 9.24 grams, 33mm (1¼"). Very fine condition. £5,000 - 7,000 EUR 5,610 - 7,860 USD 6,840 - 9,570

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

71 Provenance Formerly in the M. Velensky collection, London, UK, 1990s; accompanied by a copy of a five page examination report number 65/2008 by Dr. habil Mikhail Treister dated 8 December 2008, and an expertise from Striptwist Ltd, a London-based company run by historical precious metal specialist Dr Jack Ogden, reference number 180228/04; an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no.168727/07/12/2020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10350-168727. Footnotes Dr. Treister remarks 'stylistically the intaglio inserted in the brooch discussed is undoubtedly of Hellenistic Eastern Mediterranean origin and should be dated to 2nd - early 1st centuries BC.....the late Hellenistic gem was inserted in a somewhat later object. ... The brooch could have been most probably manufactures [sic] in the late 1st century BC - 1st century AD and decorated with an earlier intaglio of probably Alexandrine or Levantine origin, dating to the 2nd or early 1st century BC.'

41


72

73

72

HELLENISTIC NECKLACE WITH GOLD ACORN PENDANTS 4th-3rd century BC A restrung necklace composed of tubular carnelian beads interspersed with mainly oblate turquoise and blue glass beads; twelve acorn-shaped gold pendants with ribbed collars, central oval gold pendant with banded agate cabochon; modern clasp. 21.03 grams, 46cm (18"). Very fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470 Provenance Property of a respected gentleman, from his private collection formed 19652020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10498-171145.

73

HELLENISTIC GARNET AND GOLD BEAD NECKLACE WITH GOLD PENDANT 4th-3rd century BC or later A restrung necklace composed of barrel-shaped garnet beads interspersed with small garnet beads and later gold seed beads; discoid gold pendant with raised cell with garnet cabochon, two bands

42

74

of applied granules and a ribbed wire framing the stone; modern clasp. 51 grams, 48cm (19"). Very fine condition. £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 2,020 - 2,690 USD 2,460 - 3,280 Provenance Property of a respected gentleman, from his private collection formed 19652020.

74

HELLENISTIC GOLD, AGATE AND GARNET BEAD NECKLACE 4th-3rd century BC and later A restrung necklace composed of barrel-shaped and tubular carnelian beads interspersed with spherical garnet beads and collared gold beads; central teardrop-shaped gold pendant with applied filigree scrolls and granules, three raised cells with garnet cabochons to the centre; modern clasp. 23 grams, 50cm (19¾"). Very fine condition. £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 2,020 - 2,690 USD 2,460 - 3,280 Provenance Property of a respected gentleman, from his private collection formed 19652020.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


75

76

75

76

HELLENISTIC GOLD AND GARNET NECKLACE WITH PENDANTS

HELLENISTIC GOLD AND TURQUOISE BEAD NECKLACE

4th-3rd century BC

3rd-1st century BC

A restrung necklace composed of spherical garnet beads and ten hollow-formed gold pendants of oval shape with inset teardropshaped garnets and a pendant below; central large gold pendant with garnet cabochons in raised cells, each with granule collar, two hinged discoid pendants below with garnet cabochons (one absent); modern clasp. 33 grams, 40cm (15¾"). Very fine condition. £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 2,020 - 2,690 USD 2,460 - 3,280

A restrung necklace composed of small oblate turquoise glass beads interspersed with gold seed beads, six large gold pyramidal pendants composed of graduated ribbed tubes, each with three ivy leaf pendants; modern clasp. 19 grams, 39.5cm (15½"). Very fine condition. £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 2,020 - 2,690 USD 2,460 - 3,280

Provenance Property of a respected gentleman, from his private collection formed 19652020.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Provenance Property of a respected gentleman, from his private collection formed 19652020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10562-171142.

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77

GRAECO-EGYPTIAN GOLD RING WITH PORTRAIT OF BERENICE II Ptolemaic Dynasty, 3rd century BC or later A solid gold D-shaped finger ring, D-section hoop with large oval bezel featuring intricately modelled portrait of a female member of the Ptolemaic dynasty in raised relief, in profile facing left; the queen is most likely Berenice II (267/266 - 221 BC), wearing a diadem, her elaborately coiffed hair tied in a bun at the back of her head and covered with a cloth. 14.18 grams, 22.10mm overall, 18.37mm internal diameter (approximate size British Q, USA 88, Europe 17.49, Japan 16) (1"). Very fine condition. A large wearable size. £8,000 - 10,000 EUR 8,980 - 11,230 USD 10,940 - 13,670 Provenance From a private South German collection; acquired in the 1980s; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no. 171041/07/12/2020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10501-171041.

77

Literature Two very similar portrait rings are known from the collection of the British Museum, cf. Marshall, F. H., Catalogue of the Finger Rings, Greek, Etruscan, and Roman, in the Departments of Antiquities, British Museum, 1907, 200, no.1267 and 1268; for literature on Berenice II, see van Oppen de Ruiter, B., Berenice II Euergetis: Essays in Early Hellenistic Queenship, 2016.

78

GREEK GOLD RING WITH JUPITER GEMSTONE 2nd-1st century BC A substantial gold ring with facetted and angled shoulders, raised bezel with everted rim set with finely-carved banded agate intaglio, the intaglio with god Jupiter (Greek Zeus) bearded and robed, seated on a chair with staff in one hand, eagle perched on the other. 11.86 grams, 28.33mm overall, 19.98mm internal diameter (approximate size British O, USA 7, Europe 14.98, Japan 14) (1"). Very fine condition. A large wearable size. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470 Provenance From the collection of a Japanese gentleman, deceased (1970-2010); collected in the 1990s; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no. 171970/07/12/2020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10517-171970.

78 Literature See Chadour, A.B., Rings: The Alice and Louis Koch Collection, volume I, Leeds, 1994, item 65, for type.

79

ETRUSCAN GOLD SWIVEL RING WITH ENGRAVED SCARAB 4th-3rd century BC A gold finger ring with round-section hoop and discoid terminals comprising a decorative border featuring small granulated beads arranged into triangular forms; series of three slender applied collars below on each side; swivel bezel of carved chalcedony, formed as a scarab with intaglio quadruped (gazelle?) on base, enclosed within a 'ropework' border; the scarab is drilled laterally and held between the arms with a gold pin. 4.19 grams, 26.64mm overall, 19.71mm internal diameter (approximate size British Q, USA 8, Europe 17.49, Japan 16) (1"). Very fine condition. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,490 - 6,740 USD 5,470 - 8,200 Provenance Property of a London businessman; formerly in an old UK collection, since the 1990s; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, GemA, ref. no.168731/07/12/2020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10446-168731.

79

Literature See Chadour, A.B., Rings. The Alice and Louis Koch Collection, Leeds, 1994, p.16, for type.

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


80

GREEK GOLD RING WITH EMERALD 5th-3rd century BC A gold ring with slender D-section hoop, expanding at the shoulders to an oval-shaped bezel, set with an emerald cabochon. 4.45 grams, 28.06mm overall, 17.20mm internal diameter (approximate size British N, USA 6½, Europe 13.72, Japan 13) (1"). Very fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,680 - 2,250 USD 2,050 - 2,730 Provenance From a London gentleman, formerly in a Swiss collection 1990s; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no. 170479/07/12/2020.

80

Literature See Chadour, A.B., Rings. The Alice and Louis Koch Collection, Leeds, 1994, pp.28-33, for comparable items.

81

GRAECO-BACTRIAN GOLD RECUMBENT MALE LION MOUNT 6th-4th century BC A hollow sheet-gold figure of a lion resting with forepaws extended on a rectangular plaque base; the mane and sides of the body with punched triangular texturing. 12.40 grams, 45mm (1¾"). Fine condition. £2,500 - 3,500 EUR 2,810 - 3,930 USD 3,420 - 4,790 Provenance Property of a London businessman; previously with Christie's, South Kensington, 25 April 2001, lot 316; formerly in an important North London collection formed before 1980; accompanied by a copy of an expertise from Striptwist Ltd, a London-based company run by historical precious metal specialist Dr Jack Ogden, reference number 151102; and copies of the relevant Christie's catalogue pages; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10347-168730.

81

Footnotes Dr. Ogden writes: 'The style of the lion and its rather formal, frontal posture is reminiscent of Assyrian art and it lacks any of the Hellenised influence of the later centuries BC.'

82

SCYTHIAN GOLD LION MOUNT 2nd century BC A hollow-form gold mount depicting a reclining lion with an emphasised erect head, annular inlayed eyes (one absent) and slit mouth, large applied ears, mane detailing extending to the front legs, the rear with ribbing and an applied twisted tail arching over the back; applied rectangular plaque to base with a short tang, pierced through the flanks and base. 3.1 grams, 28mm (1"). Fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,680 - 2,250 USD 2,050 - 2,730

82

Provenance Property of a European collector; acquired in 2010; previously in a Dutch private collection formed in the 1970s-1990s.

83

SCYTHIAN GOLD ANTELOPE MOUNT 2nd century BC A gold mount depicting an antelope head on an openwork floral base with textured surface; the antelope head modelled in the round with elongated neck with two lateral panels of wavy design imitating fur, the head with large almond-shaped eyes and flaring nostrils with remains of a fitted gold bar, long curving horns with incised herringbone pattern to the upper face. 3 grams, 27mm (1"). Fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,680 - 2,250 USD 2,050 - 2,730 Provenance Property of a European collector; acquired in 2010; previously in a Dutch private collection formed in the 1970s-1990s.

83

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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84

85

84

85

HELLENISTIC GOLD RAM-HEADED NECK TORC

HELLENISTIC GOLD BRACELET WITH HEADS

2nd-1st century BC

3rd-2nd century BC

A large solid gold neck-ring with twisted shank, each finial a ram's head with pellet eyes and coiled horns. 58 grams, 19.5cm (7¾"). Very fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470

A wonderful gold bracelet formed as an articulated band of plaques, each a lozenge with repoussé facing mask between triangles with applied granule clusters, beaded wire border; between the plaques, pairs of glass square panels; to each end a tongue-shaped finial with applied filigree scrolls, tendrils and a rosette and applied tubular components to the reverse. 22.53 grams, 21.5cm (8½"). Fine condition. £10,000 - 14,000 EUR 11,230 - 15,720 USD 13,670 - 19,140

Provenance Property of an American collector; formerly the property of a gentleman, from his private collection formed 1965-2018; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no.170372/07/12/2020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10546-170372.

46

Provenance Formerly in the M. Velensky collection, London, UK, 1990s; accompanied by a copy of a five page examination report number 90/2015 by Dr. habil Mikhail Treister; and an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no.168723/07/12/2020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10353-168723.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


86

86

GREEK GOLD HAIR RING AND BRACELET 3rd-2nd century BC A pair of gold items comprising: a penannular round-section bracelet with ribbed terminals; a coiled round-section hair ring with ribbed finials. 9.4 grams total, 20-50mm (¾ - 2"). Fine condition. [2] £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,680 - 2,250 USD 2,050 - 2,730 Provenance Property of a European collector; acquired in 2010; previously in a Dutch private collection formed in the 1970s-1990s.

87

PARTHIAN GOLD BELL-SHAPED EARRINGS WITH DROPS 3rd century BC-3rd century AD A matched pair of gold bell-shaped earrings, the body with applied granule chevrons and annulets, the rim with circular openings, each with a bead drop with granule collar; above the bell four semi-circular bosses on which a penannular D-section hoop is resting, applied suspension loops to the terminals and one to the back of the hoop. 10.15 grams total, 35mm each (1½"). Very fine condition. [2] £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,120 - 1,570 USD 1,370 - 1,910

87

Provenance From the collection of a London gentleman formed since the 1980s.

88

GREEK GOLD EROS EARRING PAIR 4th-3rd century BC A matched pair of gold earrings with tapering, round-section twisted wire hoops, to each a standing winged figure of Eros (Roman Cupid), the god of love, naked and with small wings, quiver belt across the body. 2.57 grams total, 16mm each (½"). Fine condition. [2, No Reserve] £600 - 800 EUR 670 - 900 USD 820 - 1,090

88

Provenance From the collection of a Japanese gentleman, deceased (1970-2010); collected in the 1990s.

89

PARTHIAN HEAVY GOLD EARRING PAIR 3rd century BC-2nd century AD A very heavy matched pair of gold earrings, each a simple hoop with one end forming the closure loop and the end tightly coiled around the shank. 24.51 grams total, 33mm each (1¼"). Very fine condition. [2] £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,680 - 2,250 USD 2,050 - 2,730 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with the Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

89

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90

91

90

92

SCYTHIAN GOLD DRAGON TERMINAL FITTINGS

GREEK GOLD PIN WITH EAGLE OF ZEUS

7th-5th century BC

4th century BC-1st century AD

A matched pair of tubular sheet-gold fittings, each a stylised monstrous head with piriform eyes, gaping jaws exposing teeth, long swept ears with notched detailing. 31.67 grams total, 59-60mm (2Âź"). Fine condition. [2] ÂŁ1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,680 - 2,250 USD 2,050 - 2,730

A magnificent hairpin with sheet-gold laid over bronze core, tapering pin with an acanthus leaf capital, above a rock crystal platform upon which the eagle of Zeus is standing, fine feather detailing to the body and wings, a teardrop-shaped almandine stone in a raised setting on the breast. 9.12 grams, 12.5cm (5"). Very fine condition. ÂŁ5,000 - 7,000 EUR 5,610 - 7,860 USD 6,840 - 9,570

Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly in the private collection of an English lady previously living in Oxford; acquired on the UK art market from the mid 1980s; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, GemA, ref. no.168442/07/12/2020. Literature See Bonora, G.L. & Marzatico, F., Ori dei Cavalieri delle Steppe, Milan, 2007, for discussion.

91

THRACIAN GOLD DISC WITH PENDANTS 4th century BC A gold pendant comprising: hollow-formed disc with repoussĂŠ ivy-leaf motifs radiating from a central cell with opposed foliage elements to the outer border, bead rim, inset irregular amethyst cabochon; two hinged dangles, each a rectangular sleeve with capped end and triangular glazed composition point; hinged suspension loop. 16.90 grams, 81mm (3Âź"). Fine condition. ÂŁ1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,680 - 2,250 USD 2,050 - 2,730 Provenance Ex Abelita family collection, 1970s-2000s. Literature Cf. Marazov, I. (ed.), Ancient Gold: The Wealth of the Thracians. Treasures from the Republic of Bulgaria, New York, 1997, items 18, 85, for similar designs and techniques.

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92

Provenance Property of a London businessman; acquired in London from Mr A.B. in 2019; formerly in an old American private collection since the 1980s; accompanied by an archaeological report by Dr. Raffaele D’Amato; and an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no.169250/07/12/2020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certiďŹ cate number no.10396-169250. Literature See Marshall, F.H., Catalogue of the jewellery Greek, Etruscan & Roman in the departments of Antiquities of British Museum, London, 1911, pl.XXXIX, n.1999, for the type; Elderkin, K. McK., ‘Buttons and their use on Greek garments’ in American Journal of Archaeology, vol.32, n.3, Jul-Sep., 1928, pp.333-345; *1643, .., $"+0-6 . ., %(6 -6 $.., %(6 -6 .'., 043+3 .; '16.0.-6 .$., ',6.64, .$, %6(0- " *0+0,"4 ,3*641.1 *6+1. (3,6.641 ,3 3*,, %14, 2004; Yavtushenko, I. (ed.), Masterpieces of Platar, Kiev, 2004; Brons, C., ‘Representations and realities. Fibulas and pins in Greek and Near Eastern Iconography’ in Nosch, M., & Harlow, M. (eds.), Greek and Roman textiles and dress: an interdisciplinary Anthology, Oxford, 2014, pp.60-94. Footnotes Beautifully decorated gold pins with elaborate ornamentation were in use in the Hellenistic world from the 4th century BC (*1643, $"+0-6, %(6 -6 $.. & %(6 -6 .'., 043+3, '16.0.-6,',6.64, 2004, p.143, ďŹ g.46) often produced by South Italic workshops (Yavtushenko, 2004, pp.62-63). Straight pins were also used to hold garments together as shown on a bronze statuette from Arcadia, dated to the 6th century BC and preserved at the MET, representing a shepherd whose cloak is frontally fastened by a pin. Since Greek clothing was not sewn, straight pins and ďŹ bulae (safety pins) were used to fasten a garment at the shoulders, the sleeves, over the chest, and at other critical points. Interestingly, the pointed pins were not only used as dress or hair accessories. Herodotus (V,87ff.) tells us the story of the defeat and destruction of the Athenians – all but one man – at Aegina. The poor soldier, upon his return to Athens, was set upon and slain by the indignant wives of his unfortunate companions, who stabbed him to death with the pins of their garments. After this episode, a law was passed in Athens compelling the Athenian women to change their Attic dress to the Ionian one, which did not require fastening pins.

For charges payable in addition to the ďŹ nal hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


93

93

HELLENISTIC RIBBED AMBER GLASS BOWL 1st century BC An amber-coloured moulded glass bowl with flared rim, ribbing to the rounded sidewall. 250 grams, 13cm (5¼"). Very fine condition. £6,000 - 8,000 EUR 6,740 - 8,980 USD 8,200 - 10,940 Provenance Property of a London businessman; formerly with Maxim Schick and in the EU since 2010; previously in a private Israeli collection; accompanied by a copy of the 2010 Israeli export licence; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10439-168746. Literature Cf. Whitehouse, D., Roman Glass in the Corning Museum of Glass, vol.2, New York, 2001, item 761, for type.

94

LARGE HELLENISTIC ENGRAVED CUT GLASS CUP 2nd-1st century BC A substantial aqua glass cup with small shallow dimple base; engraved with seven elliptical medallions, each with lozenge-cross motif and shallow elliptical recess to centre; hatched border above; seven incised cups below, each with a shallow elliptical recess, two incised circumferential lines above and below. 465 grams, 13cm wide (5"). Fine condition. £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 2,020 - 2,690 USD 2,460 - 3,280 Provenance From a private collection, since 1982; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10560-171105.

94

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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95

95

HELLENISTIC CLEAR GLASS SKYPHOS Late 2nd-early 1st century BC A clear glass skyphos with straight sides which narrow slightly towards the rim, splayed circular foot and integral ring handles formed between projecting plates, the upper with a forked terminal, the lower rounded; this vessel was produced using casting techniques, it was then lathe-cut and polished. 221 grams, 17.2cm (6¾"). Very fine condition. £20,000 - 30,000 EUR 22,460 - 33,690 USD 27,340 - 41,020 Provenance Property of a London businessman; formerly with Maxim Schick and in the EU since 2010; previously in a private Israeli collection; accompanied by an old museum-quality photograph and a copy of the 2010 Israeli export licence; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10427-168745.

50

Literature Cf. The Hermitage Collection, Ancient Glass in the Hermitage Collection, 1997, no.37; cf. The British Museum, Masterpieces of Glass, 1968, no.37; cf. Christie's, New York, 6th December 2007, lot 92, for a similar example which sold for 97,000 USD; The Metropolitan Museum, accession number 17.194.888, for a similar example; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10427-168745. Footnotes The skyphos was the most valuable vessel in the Greek and early Roman eras, attested by their representation on the first Jewish coins, the silver shekels minted during the First Jewish Revolt against the Roman Empire in 68 AD. A limited number of these vessels can be found in museums world-wide. Although a number of fragmentary or restored examples can be found on the art market, complete examples such as the one offered here are comparatively rare. They were manufactured in the late Hellenistic period in Anatolia, or in the workshops of the Greek Bosporus kingdom.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


96

97

96

97

LARGE HELLENISTIC CORE-FORMED AMPHORISKOS

GREEK CORE-FORMED ALABASTRON

2nd-1st century BC

4th-2nd century BC

A substantial blue glass amphoriskos with inverted ovoid body, broad shoulder, cylindrical neck and everted rim flanked by two applied handles and globular foot; decorated with concentric bands of geometric motifs in white and yellow glass; accompanied by a custom-made display stand. 317 grams total, 21cm including stand. (8¼"). Very fine condition. £12,000 - 17,000 EUR 13,470 - 19,090 USD 16,410 - 23,240

A glass alabastron with applied duck-head handles, dark olive green body with applied zigzag motif and circumferential bands of yellow and turquoise decoration, wide discoid rim with applied yellow trail; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 90 grams total, 14cm including stand (5½"). Fine condition. £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 2,020 - 2,690 USD 2,460 - 3,280

Provenance Property of a London businessman; acquired from Serodine Gallery, Ascona, Switzerland in 2011; ex South German private collection, since the 1960s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10434-170711.

Provenance From a private London, UK, collection; previously with Bonhams, London, 23 July 2020, lot 75; formerly with Asfar and Sarkis, in the 1960s; accompanied by copies of the relevant Bonhams catalogue pages; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10467-167711.

Literature Cf. Goldstein, S.M., Pre-Roman and Early Roman Glass in The Corning Museum of Glass, New York, 1979, items 268-272.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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100 98

99

98

LARGE ETRUSCAN CARVED AMBER BEAD WITH ATTACKING LION 6th-5th century BC A carved amber bead showing a lion attacking a young deer and a horned ibex; the body of the lion in attack position carved to the flat side of the bead, the convex side with the lion's grimacing face and the heads of the ibex and the deer; the lion's body with splayed legs and curling tail, hole beneath its voluminous mane. 45.7 grams, 63mm (2½"). Very fine condition. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,490 - 6,740 USD 5,470 - 8,200 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; previously in the collection of Mr A.K., London, UK, acquired on the European art market in 1985; accompanied by a scholarly note TL5356 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz, and by an archaeological report by Dr. Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10537-170344. Literature See Marinatos, A., Hirmer M., Crete and Mycenae, London, 1960; Causey, F., Ancient carved ambers in the J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, 2019, especially nr.31. Footnotes A lion nearly identical to our specimen is part of a group of a lion attacking prey, the bow decoration of a bronze fibula from Tomb 72 at Belmonte Piceno. Related in form are a pendant in the form of a feline (Causey, 2017, accession number 77.AO.81.8, cat. no. 32) and two other fibula bow decorations from Tomb 72 at Belmonte Piceno, one of a lion attacking a deer and the other in the form of a pair of addorsed lions’ heads. The origin of the amber lions is possibly Mycenean or Minoan, and is particular close to the extant pendant formed by a gold couchant lion from Tomb 5 at Haghia Triada (circa 15001450 BC, see Marinatos & Hirmer, 1960, p.48).

99

HELLENISTIC BLUE GLASS RING 3rd-2nd century BC A dark blue glass finger ring, hoop with D-shaped cross section, the broad bezel of oval form with a recessed face and raised, bevelled edges. 10.11 grams, 36.28mm overall, 20.89mm internal diameter (approximate size British K, USA 5¼, Europe 9.95, Japan 9) (1½"). Very fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 900 - 1,120 USD 1,090 - 1,370

52

101

Provenance Property of an Austrian private collector since the 1970s. Literature Cf. British Museum, object 1896,0201.122; and another ring at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, object 91.1.1518; for an example in blue glass preserved in the Louvre Paris, cf. Arveiller-Dulong, V. and Nenna, M.D., Les Verres Antiques du Louvre, vcol. III, Paris, 2011, pp.246-7, nos.345-7.

100

GRAECO-ROMAN HELLENISTIC GLASS RING 3rd-1st century BC A large, beautifully preserved Hellenistic pale glass finger ring, cast from light green transparent glass, broad D-section hoop, the broad concave bezel of oval form with a recessed face and raised, bevelled edges, possibly missing its original setting (with a gem or amulet) which would have been fastened with a metal clasp. 7.32 grams, 28.65mm overall, 17.51mm internal diameter (approximate size British J, USA 4¾, Europe 8.69, Japan 8) (1"). Fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 670 - 900 USD 820 - 1,090 Provenance Property of an Austrian private collector since the 1970s. Literature Compare a similar example at the British Museum, inventory number 1896,0201.122, and another ring at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, accession number 91.1.1518; for examples in light green, colourless or blue glass, preserved in the Louvre, Paris, see Arveiller-Dulong, V. and Nenna, M.D., Les Verres Antiques du Louvre, v. col. III, Paris, 2011, pp.246-7, nos.345-7.

101

HELLENISTIC GLASS RING 3rd -2nd century BC A large green glass ring with D-section hoop, oval bezel and hoop carved out of a single piece of glass; bezel with convex upper surface and sharp edge. 17.09 grams, 40.53mm overall, 19.05mm internal diameter (approximate size British M, USA 6, Europe 12.46, Japan 12) (1½"). Fine condition; chips in outer edge of bezel. £500 - 700 EUR 560 - 790 USD 680 - 960 Provenance Property of an Austrian private collector since the 1970s. Literature Cf. Chadour, A.B., Rings, The Alice and Louis Koch Collection, Volume I, Leeds, 1994, items 94-95, for comparable type.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


Roman & Byzantine Also see lots 702 - 1203 For charges payable in addition to the ďŹ nal hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Lots 102 - 220 53


102

103

102

103

ROMAN SAMIAN WARE BEAKER WITH HUNTING SCENE

ROMAN RED SLIP WARE PELIKE WITH APPLIED PAN'S CULT FIGURES

Early 2nd century AD

1st century BC-1st century AD A large Samian ware beaker with moulded relief decoration in the Barbotine technique with a globular body resting upon a pedestal foot and having an everted rim; the decoration depicting a hunting scene of a sinuous hound in pursuit of a long-eared hare, both surrounded with sinuous tendrils and foliage; from Gaul. 510 grams, 16.5cm (6½"). Fine condition; professionally restored. Rare. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,490 - 6,740 USD 5,470 - 8,200 Provenance From an important Austrian collection; formerly with Gorny & Mosch, Munich, Germany, auction 252, lot 224; in a private collection, Wein, Austria; formerly with Galerie Schönbrunn, Wien, Austria, in 1986; accompanied by a positive thermoluminescence report no.03B101115 issued by Laboratory Kotalla; copies of the Gorny & Mosch catalogue pages; and by an archaeological report by Dr. Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10421-170993. Literature Cf. British Museum accession nos.1875,0605.5 and 1881,0626.9, for similar examples, especially the latter, both of these found in the UK; for a nearly identical decorated beaker in the collections of the British Museum, see Walters, H.B., Catalogue of the Roman pottery in the departments of Antiquities, British Museum, London, 1908, pl.XV, M 115; see also nn.23972415 and Bulmer, M., An introduction to Roman Samian Ware, Denbigh, 1980. Footnotes The cup on offer here, with its shape and decoration, evidently belongs to one of the main forms of the Gallic terra-sigillata workshops, produced using slip or barbotine decoration. Following its use on Hellenistic and Arretine wares, decoration en barbotine was popular on Samian vessels from the Neronian period onwards. This process is a sort of cross between painting and relief, and was achieved by the laying-on of a semi-liquid clay slip with a brush, a spatula or a small tube. According to Bulmer the instrument mainly used was a funnel, or a special type of spouted pot. The pattern was probably first lightly indicated, and the viscous paste was then laid on in thick lines or masses, producing a sort of low relief.

54

A red slip ware pelike with figures associated with the cult of Pan or Silvanus, comprising from handle to handle: Papposilenus, in his typical older aspect, half-naked and with the limbs covered by a cloak, raising over a dish a propitiatory phallus; a half-naked maenad with a cornucopia; a half-naked maenad seated with a patera in the right hand; a pair of naked musicians, only covered by a floating cloak, one playing the flute and the other playing the pipes in front of a simulacrum of Priapus, with erect phallus and decorated with foliage and fruit. 202 grams, 17cm (6¾"). Very fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; acquired on the European art market; previously in a European private collection; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10423-170434. Literature See Walters, H.B., Catalogue of the Roman Pottery in the British Museum, London, 1908. Footnotes The Greek term pelike (pl. pelikai) was used for a number of shapes, and it is not certain what this one-piece vessel with a distinctive sagging belly was called in antiquity. It seems to have been invented after the introduction of the red-figure technique, although there are examples in black-figure. It continued to be produced into the 4th century and in the Roman Age. It is shown in use as a container for liquids, especially wine, and in this context was linked with Bacchus, Pan, Silenus.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


104

ROMAN STORAGE AMPHORA 4th-6th century AD A substantial terracotta transport amphora with wheel ribbed conical body and tall raised foot, two double ridged handles attached to the neck and shoulder, with thick applied rim; some sea encrustations, probably from a shipwreck. 7.5 kg, 65cm (25½"). Very fine condition. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 450 - 670 USD 550 - 820 Provenance Ex London gentleman; previously with Robin Symes Gallery, Mayfair, London, before 1999.

105

ROMAN SCRIBE'S WAX TABLET AND PEN BOX 4th-6th century AD A pair of wooden scribe's tools comprising: a rectangular scribal palette with five ink holes and two rectangular pen slots, three pairs of piercings to the long edge with transverse cuts, a set of cuts to the edge on the opposite side; a rectangular writing tablet with recess to both sides for containing the wax, three pairs of piercings to the long edge with matching transverse cuts. 155 grams total, 19-19.4cm (7½"). Fine condition. Extremely rare. [2] £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,250 - 3,370 USD 2,730 - 4,100

104

Provenance Property of a London gentleman; acquired on the UK art market; accompanied by an archaeological report by military specialist Dr. Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10548-170357. Literature See Metropolitan Museum of Art, accession number 14.2.4a–d, for a similar wax tablet; see also William Smith, D.C.L., A dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London, 1875; Rutschowscaya, M.H., Benazeth, D., L’Art Copte en Egypte, 2000 ans de christianisme, Paris, 2000. Footnotes The recessed areas of the tablet would have been filled with wax and employed for writing with a stylus or a wooden pen, this wax could be re-used multiple times. The word tabula means planks or boards, whence it could be applied to several objects, but more especially to tablets used for writing. In general the word tabula was applied to any flat substance used for writing upon, whether stone or metal or wood covered with wax.

106

ROMAN SIGNED WOODEN LEGAL DOCUMENT Late 3rd-early 4th century AD

105

A large untranslated tabula with four holes to the sulcius to accept binding strips; Side A: recessed, with once waxed or inked inner recessed face; Side B: On the outer face two parallel recessed bands; remains of at least 13 signatures, inter alia of Iulius Buleigotis and Flavius Vibianus; after each name the verb signavi - I signed. 78 grams, 23.5 x 17.5cm (9¼ x 7"). Fair condition. £600 - 800 EUR 670 - 900 USD 820 - 1,090 Provenance Ex Monsieur Alain Sfez collection, Belgium; acquired by gift from his father Albert Sfez, 1965; acquired by Albert in the early 1950s. Literature For examples of wooden tabulae re-used as a writing surfaces, see Thomas, J. D., Vindolanda: The Latin Writing Tablets, Britannia Monograph Series No 4, London, 1983; for examples of testamentary documents on wooden tablets that have survived, see FIRA III, p.47 for Anthony Silvanus from 142 AD and see BGU VII 1695 for Safinnius Herminus; for another from Transfynydd, North Wales, see Arch. Camb. 150, pp.143-156. Published Rothenhoefer, P., Neue römische Rechtsdokumente aus dem Byzacena-Archiv / New Roman Legal Documents from the Byzacena Archive, (forthcoming). Footnotes The contract follows standard Roman legal formulae.

106

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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107

108

107

108

LARGE ROMAN ROMAN LEGAL DOCUMENT WITNESSED BY IULIUS FLAVIANUS

LARGE ROMAN WOODEN TABLET WITH SIGNED WILL Mid 4th century AD

Late 3rd-early 4th century AD A large, untranslated bifacial wooden tabula with four holes to the sulcius to accept binding strips; Side A: featuring a shallow recessed panel with the inner face containing traces of Roman cursive writing with black ink over 27 lines; the ink of most of the text has vanished, and only parts are legible; Side B: On the outer face two recessed bands, one of them with remains of wax; witnesses of a legal document like a will or contract impressed their seals into the wax; they also signed with their names; the beginning of one name still visible, Iulius Flav(ianus?). 124 grams, 26 x 22.5cm (10¼ x 9"). Fair condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,680 - 2,250 USD 2,050 - 2,730 Provenance Ex Monsieur Alain Sfez collection, Belgium; acquired by gift from his father Albert Sfez, 1965; acquired by Albert in the early 1950s. Literature For examples of wooden tabulae re-used as a writing surfaces, see Thomas, J. D., Vindolanda: The Latin Writing Tablets, Britannia Monograph Series No 4, London, 1983; for examples of testamentary documents on wooden tablets that have survived, see FIRA III, p.47 for Anthony Silvanus from 142 AD and see BGU VII 1695 for Safinnius Herminus; for another from Transfynydd, North Wales, see Arch. Camb. 150, pp.143-156. Published Rothenhoefer, P., Neue römische Rechtsdokumente aus dem Byzacena-Archiv / New Roman Legal Documents from the Byzacena Archive, (forthcoming). Footnotes The contract follows standard Roman legal formulae.

56

A large untranslated wooden tabula with rectangular recess to one face; the tablet was part of a copy (latin: exemplum) of a will; on the recessed inner face of the tablet 32 ink-written lines; water damaged in the lower right corner; the text consists of lists of fields of various farms (fundi), of furniture, and of clothes; mentioned are e.g. dalmaticae, amply sleeved tunics, which had become typical attire for upper-class women in late antiquity, which are given to the daughter Fortunata; legal formulas are extensively used in the text; pierced to accept binding strips. 155 grams, 25.5 x 21cm (10 x 8¼"). Fair condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470 Provenance Ex Monsieur Alain Sfez collection, Belgium; acquired by gift from his father Albert Sfez, 1965; acquired by Albert in the early 1950s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10453-164915. Literature For examples of wooden tabulae re-used as a writing surfaces, see Thomas, J. D., Vindolanda: The Latin Writing Tablets, Britannia Monograph Series No 4, London, 1983; for examples of testamentary documents on wooden tablets that have survived, see FIRA III, p.47 for Anthony Silvanus from 142 AD and see BGU VII 1695 for Safinnius Herminus; for another from Transfynydd, North Wales, see Arch. Camb. 150, pp.143-156. Published Rothenhoefer, P., Neue römische Rechtsdokumente aus dem Byzacena-Archiv / New Roman Legal Documents from the Byzacena Archive, (forthcoming). Footnotes The contract follows standard Roman legal formulae.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


109

ROMAN GOLD RING WITH DOLPHIN GEMSTONE 1st-2nd century AD A gold ring with expanding shoulders and raised bezel set with green quartz intaglio engraved with a dolphin, enigmatic reversed letter Greek inscription surrounding. 2.39 grams, 20.51mm overall, 14.32mm internal diameter (approximate size British G, USA 3¼, Europe 4.92, Japan 4) (¾"). Very fine condition. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,350 - 1,910 USD 1,640 - 2,320 Provenance Ex Abelita family collection, 1970s-2000s.

109

Literature See Pausanias, Description of Greece with an English Translation by W.H.S. Jones, Litt, D. and H.A. Ormerod, M.A., in 4 Volumes, Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, London, 1918. Footnotes In ancient Greece, the dolphin appears in different contexts related to gods and mythology. In particular, the dolphin was a symbol linked to regeneration, but also of divination and wisdom. The image of this animal could be found next to Apollo's tripod in Delphi.

110

ROMAN GOLD RING WITH PORTRAIT GEMSTONE 2nd-3rd century AD A gold ring with D-section hollow gold hoop expanding at the shoulders, large discoid bezel set with carnelian gemstone, intaglio image of a youthful maiden in profile with dressed hair. 2.01 grams, 22.45mm overall, 19.28mm internal diameter (approximate size British P½, USA 7¾, Europe 16.86, Japan 16) (1"). Very fine condition. A large wearable size. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,350 - 1,910 USD 1,640 - 2,320

110

Provenance Ex Abelita family collection, 1970s-2000s. Literature See Ruseva-Slokoska, L., Roman Jewellery, Sofia, 1991, item 200, for type.

111

ROMAN GOLD RING WITH PORTRAIT GEMSTONE 2nd-3rd century AD A gold ring with round-section hoop expanding at the shoulders, tall bezel, domed on the underside, set with a red carnelian gemstone with intaglio motif of a male bust in profile with dressed beard and wearing a small cap. 5.37 grams, 24.93mm overall, 20.09mm internal diameter (approximate size British P, USA 7½, Europe 16.23, Japan 15) (1"). Very fine condition. A large wearable size. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,350 - 1,910 USD 1,640 - 2,320 Provenance Property of a West Essex gentleman; formerly in a 1980s private collection.

111

112

ROMAN GOLD RING WITH ANIMAL GEMSTONE 3rd century AD A gold ring with round-section hoop, expanding at the shoulders with three applied granules to each side; round bezel with convex underside, set with red carnelian intaglio engraved with a standing quadruped on a baseline, possibly a ram. 3.93 grams, 21.20mm overall, 15.99mm internal diameter (approximate size British I, USA 4¼, Europe 7.44, Japan 7) (1"). Very fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,120 - 1,570 USD 1,370 - 1,910 Provenance Ex Abelita family collection, 1970s-2000s. Literature See Ruseva-Slokoska, L., Roman Jewellery, Sofia, 1991, item 221, for type.

112

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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113

ROMAN GOLD RING WITH ARTEMIS BEE GEMSTONE 1st-2nd century AD A gold ring with D-section hoop with expanding shoulders, raised bezel with convex underside set with green stone, intaglio image of a bee with striated body and detailing to the wings. 3.98 grams, 25.75mm overall, 18.57mm internal diameter (approximate size British P½, USA 7¾, Europe 16.86, Japan 16) (1"). Very fine condition. A large wearable size. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,120 - 1,570 USD 1,370 - 1,910

113

Provenance Property of a West Essex gentleman; formerly in a 1980s private collection. Footnotes The bee represents Ephesus and the Sanctuary of Artemis in Ephesus, as bees were a common symbol for the goddess.

114

ROMAN GOLD RING WITH SCORPION GEMSTONE 1st-2nd century AD A gold ring with red carnelian cabochon with scorpion motif; set in a later sympathetic gold ring with flat-section hoop. 3.72 grams, 24.75mm overall, 20.21mm internal diameter (approximate size British V, USA 10½, Europe 23.77, Japan 22) (1"). Very fine condition. A large wearable size. £800 - 1,000 EUR 900 - 1,120 USD 1,090 - 1,370

114

Provenance Property of a West Essex gentleman; formerly in a 1980s private collection.

115

ROMAN GOLD RING WITH GEMSTONE 4th century AD A gold ring with round-section hoop and oval bezel flanked by four flat 'beads', set with a garnet cabochon. 5.64 grams, 23.96mm overall, 20.02mm internal diameter (approximate size British R, USA 8½, Europe 18¾, Japan 18) (1"). Very fine condition. A large wearable size. £800 - 1,000 EUR 900 - 1,120 USD 1,090 - 1,370 Provenance Ex Abelita family collection, 1970s-2000s. Literature Cf. Ruseva-Slokoska, L., Roman Jewellery, Sofia, 1991, item 221, for type.

116

ROMAN GOLD CHILD'S RING WITH MERCURY AND HERM GEMSTONE

115

2nd-3rd century AD A gold ring with round-section hoop, high elliptical bezel set with carnelian intaglio depicting Mercury (Greek Hermes), seated upon a short column, wearing a petasos and holding a moneybag, herm before him. 2.32 grams, 21.33mm overall, 12.79mm internal diameter (approximate size British -, USA -, Europe -, Japan -) (1"). Very fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,120 - 1,570 USD 1,370 - 1,910 Provenance Ex Abelita family collection, 1970s-2000s.

116

58

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


117

ROMAN GOLD RING WITH MINERVA GEMSTONE 2nd-3rd century AD A gold ring with hollow-formed, round-section hoop expanding at the shoulders, the bezel with garnet cabochon, intaglio image of a standing robed figure, wearing a plumed helmet and holding a spear, a shield at her feet, possibly depicting the goddess Minerva. 1.50 grams, 20.19mm overall, 15.44mm internal diameter (approximate size British H, USA 3¾, Europe 6.18, Japan 6) (¾"). Fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,120 - 1,570 USD 1,370 - 1,910

117

Provenance Ex Abelita family collection, 1970s-2000s.

118

ROMAN GOLD RING WITH PALM SCENE GEMSTONE 3rd-4th century AD A gold ring with D-section hoop, applied band to the shoulders, oval bezel with hatched borders, set with an orange carnelian intaglio with a central large palm tree bearing fruit, to the left a figure reaching up to collect the fruit and to the right a large hound standing against the tree. 2.88 grams, 19.63 mm overall, 16.70mm internal diameter (approximate size British I, USA 4¼, Europe 7.44, Japan 7) (¾"). Very fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,120 - 1,570 USD 1,370 - 1,910 Provenance Ex Abelita family collection, 1970s-2000s.

118

119

ROMAN GOLD RING WITH CAPRICORN GEMSTONE 1st-2nd century AD A gold ring with D-section hoop and tiered oval-shaped bezel holding cut and polished carnelian cloison with incuse hybrid figure with forequarters of a goat(?) and fish-tail hindquarters. 5.43 grams, 22.95mm overall, 19.11mm internal diameter (approximate size British N, USA 6½, Europe 13.72, Japan 13) (1"). Very fine condition. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,350 - 1,910 USD 1,640 - 2,320 Provenance Ex Abelita family collection, 1970s-2000s. Literature Cf. Ruseva-Slokoska, L., Roman Jewellery, Sofia, 1991, item 260.

120

ROMAN GOLD RING WITH AUGUSTUS CAMEO 1st-3rd century AD

119

A gold finger ring with flared shoulders to the hoop, trumpet-shaped bezel with inset later cameo, profile bust of the Emperor Augustus with short hair and clean-shaven. 2.58 grams, 19.17mm overall, 14.89 x 11.35mm internal diameter (approximate size British D, USA 1¾, Europe 1.15, Japan 1) (¾"). Fine condition. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,350 - 1,910 USD 1,640 - 2,320 Provenance Property of an East Anglian collector; formerly acquired on the European art market in the 1990s. Literature Cf. Chadour, A.B., Rings. The Alice and Louis Koch Collection, volume I, Leeds, 1994, item 349, for type.

120

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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121

ROMAN GOLD RING WITH INSECT GEMSTONE 4th century AD A gold ring comprising a flat-section hoop with segmented outer face, raised bezel with inset carnelian intaglio engraved with an ant. 4.86 grams, 23.89mm overall, 18.19mm internal diameter (approximate size British Q, USA 8, Europe 17.49, Japan 16) (1"). Fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 670 - 900 USD 820 - 1,090 121

Provenance From the collection of a Surrey gentleman; acquired 1970-1980. Literature Cf. Chadour, A.B., Rings. The Alice and Louis Koch Collection, volume I, Leeds, 1994, item 483, for type.

122

ROMAN GOLD RING WITH MERCURY GEMSTONE 1st century AD A gold finger ring with twisted wire hoop supporting an oval-shaped bezel with a border of granulated beads, set with a cut and polished carnelian(?) gemstone with intaglio Mercury standing left, caduceus in right arm, coin purse (marsupium) in left. 2.17 grams, 19.98mm overall, 18.33mm internal diameter (approximate size British L, USA 5¾, Europe 11.24, Japan 10) (¾"). Very fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 560 - 790 USD 680 - 960 Provenance Ex Mr L.W. in 2005; formerly in an old private Israeli collection, since the 1990s.

122

Literature See Chadour, A.B., Rings. The Alice and Louis Koch Collection, Leeds, 1994, item 208, for type; cf. The British Museum, museum number 1923,0401.167, for a similar Hermes/Mercury stone; cf. Roberts, P., Life and Death in Pompeii and Herculaneum, London, 2013, p. 268, for an almost identical depiction of Mercury on a Roman gemstone.

123

ROMAN GOLD RING WITH STANDING FEMALE GEMSTONE 4th-5th century AD A gold ring with clasped hands motif to the inside of the hoop, beast heads supporting a large oval bezel with raised rim, a tall carnelian cabochon with intaglio image of a standing robed female. 6.25 grams, 26.80mm overall, 20.44mm internal diameter (approximate size British P½, USA 7¾, Europe 16.86, Japan 16) (1"). Very fine condition. A large wearable size. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,350 - 1,910 USD 1,640 - 2,320 Provenance Ex Abelita family collection, 1970s-2000s.

123

Literature See Fulford, M.G., Burnett, A., Henig, M. and Johns, C., 'A Hoard of Late Roman Rings and Silver Coins from Silchester, Hampshire,' in Britannia, 20, pp. 219-228.

124

ROMAN GOLD RING WITH VESSEL AND BIRDS GEMSTONE 3rd-4th century AD A gold ring with openwork hoop formed of two gold bands with granules, discoid oval bezel set with red jasper, intaglio image of a krater and an olive tree on a baseline, two doves seated on the rim of the krater. 4.73 grams, 22.41mm overall, 19.35mm internal diameter (approximate size British O½, USA 7¼, Europe 15.61, Japan 15) (1"). Very fine condition. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,350 - 1,910 USD 1,640 - 2,320 Provenance From the collection of a Surrey gentleman; acquired 1970-1980.

124

60

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


125

ROMAN GOLD RING WITH CUPID AND PSYCHE GEMSTONE 1st century BC-1st century AD A gold ring with D-section hoop, expanding at the shoulders; ovalshaped setting holding a polished red garnet cabochon with intaglio scene of winged Eros (Cupid) chasing Psyche, who is represented in butterfly form; intaglio gemstone possibly Hellenistic, dating 2nd-1st century BC. 1.74 grams, 21.60mm overall, 18.01mm internal diameter (approximate size British O, USA 7, Europe 14.98, Japan 14) (¾"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 560 - 790 USD 680 - 960

125

Provenance Ex Mr L.W. in 2005; formerly in an old private Israeli collection, since the 1990s. Literature See Chadour, A.B., Rings: The Alice and Louis Koch Collection, Leeds, 1994, pp.47-48, for type. Footnotes Psyche was the Greek goddess of the soul, the Roman goddess who protected the maidens, and the wife of Eros.

126

ROMAN GOLD RING WITH DOLPHIN GEMSTONE 3rd century AD A gold ring with D-section hoop with expanding facetted shoulders and discoid bezel set with red carnelian intaglio engraved with a stylised dolphin. 4.81 grams, 23.20mm overall, 20.18mm internal diameter (approximate size British M, USA 6, Europe 12.46, Japan 12) (1"). Very fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 560 - 790 USD 680 - 960

126

Provenance From the collection of a Surrey gentleman; acquired 1970-1980.

127

ROMAN GOLD RING WITH SAPPHIRE 2nd-3rd century AD A gold finger ring with scooped recess to the shoulders, granule finial, tulip-shaped cell enclosing an irregular polished pale sapphire bead gemstone. 6.22 grams, 24.49mm overall, 16.25mm internal diameter (approximate size British G, USA 3¼, Europe 4.92, Japan 4) (1"). Very fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 560 - 790 USD 680 - 960 Provenance Ex Abelita family collection, 1970s-2000s. Literature Cf. Chadour, A.B., Rings. The Alice and Louis Koch Collection, volume I, Leeds, 1994, items 350, 362, for type.

127

128

ROMAN GOLD CHILD'S RING WITH PUTTO GEMSTONE 1st-2nd century AD A gold ring with D-section hoop, expanding at the shoulders to an oval bezel, holding a conical banded agate gemstone with incuse putto. 3.52 grams, 18.93mm overall, 12.61mm internal diameter (approximate size British -, USA -, Europe -, Japan -) (1"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 560 - 790 USD 680 - 960 Provenance Ex Abelita family collection, 1970s-2000s. Literature See Chadour, A.B., Rings. The Alice and Louis Koch Collection, volume I, Leeds, 1994, item 235, and onwards for type.

128

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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129

ROMAN GOLD RING WITH BUST OF SOL 3rd-4th century AD A gold finger ring with raised boss to the bezel with intaglio bust of Sol (Greek Helios) wearing a radiate crown. 13.85 grams, 27.81mm overall, 21.29mm internal diameter (approximate size British J, USA 4¾, Europe 8.69, Japan 8) (1"). Very fine condition. £2,500 - 3,500 EUR 2,810 - 3,930 USD 3,420 - 4,790 Provenance From a London gentleman, formerly in a Swiss collection 1990s; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no. 170481/07/12/2020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10522-170481.

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Literature Cf. Chadour, A.B., Rings. The Alice and Louis Koch Collection, volume I, Leeds, 1994, item 425, for type. Footnotes Sol (also Helius or Helios) was the god of the sun in Graeco-Roman mythology. He was thought to ride a golden chariot which brought the sun across the skies each day from the east (Ethiopia) to the west (Hesperides) while at night he did the return journey in a leisurely fashion. His cult was elevated to the rank of state religion by the Emperor Aurelian, on December 25th, 274 AD. The official state cult to Sol Invictus (or Helios Megistos, 'Great Helios') competed with the new Christian religion until the reign of Constantine the Great. This is why in late antiquity many personal objects like rings, necklaces, medallions, showed the image of Sol Invictus with the radiate crown.

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ROMAN D-SHAPED GOLD RING 1st-2nd century AD A gold ring with D-section shank, broad keeled shoulders and chamfered plaque. 5.21 grams, 22.40mm overall, 16.18mm internal diameter (approximate size British I, USA 4¼, Europe 7.44, Japan 7) (1"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 450 - 670 USD 550 - 820 Provenance Property of an Austrian private collector since the 1970s.

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ROMAN GOLD WEDDING RING WITH CLASPED HANDS 2nd-3rd century AD A gold finger ring comprising a flat-section hoop, applied beaded wire collar with granules inside and out, mani in fede clasped hands motif to the centre. 3.90 grams, 19.34mm overall, 15.83mm internal diameter (approximate size British J, USA 4¾, Europe 8.63, Japan 8) (¾"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £600 - 800 EUR 670 - 900 USD 820 - 1,090 Provenance Property of a West Sussex lady; acquired circa 1976. Literature Cf. British Museum nos.GR1917.5-1.276 and PRB1911.10-26.1, and a similar ring from Thetford, Norfolk; Garside, A., Jewelry: Ancient to Modern, New York, 1980, p.152, no.426; Henig, A., Corpus of Roman England Gemstones from British Sites, British Archaeological Reports 8 (2nd ed.), 1978, pp.278-279, pl.XXII, nos.759, 775-778; Christie's, 8 December 1993, lot 23, (sold for £4,830.00), for an almost identical ring. Footnotes The device of two clasped right hands (dextrarum iunctio) signified a contract of betrothal or marriage.

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ROMAN CANDELABRUM WITH THEATRE MASKS 1st-2nd century AD A high-quality lamp stand of heavy construction with impressive detailing, the tripod base modelled as lion paws with separately modelled toes and claws, legs with floral detailing; fluted shaft with floral finial, female theatre masks in between the emerging petals; a circular lamp-tray above with moulded detailing; the footed oil lamp with elongated body, splayed and fluted nozzle with rounded tip, heart-shaped filling hole to the discus, wide curving handle with a theatre mask finial, portraying a tragic female mask with incised detailing, the palmette below the mask absent. 7 kg total, 1.3m including lamp (51¼"). Very fine condition. £6,000 - 8,000 EUR 6,740 - 8,980 USD 8,200 - 10,940 Provenance Property of an English collector; acquired in the Netherlands before 2000; accompanied by an archaeological report by Dr. Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10390-169265. Literature See Bailey, D.M., A catalogue of the lamps in the British Museum, IV, Lamps of metal and stone, and lampstands, London, 1996; Roberts, P., Life and death in Pompeii and Herculaneum, London, 2013; for an identical candelabrum in the British Museum see Bailey, 1996, nn.Q3871-Q3882, 3911; for similar bronze lamps in British Museum, see Bailey, 1996, nn.Q3669 (intact) and Q3670 (only the identical mask is preserved). Footnotes A number of similar candelabra have been found at Pompeii and on the other sites that were buried by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD (Roberts, 2013, p.120). Usually the tray, the top, the shaft and the feet were all separately made and joined with rivets and bolts. An oil lamp, made of either bronze or terracotta, would have stood on the bell-shaped top. These bronze lampstands often have elaborate feet and the shaft, as in this case, was decorated with fluting, or alternatively with a knobbed finish, imitating a wooden stem or branch. The lamp surmounting this candlestick is of Loeschke type XX, a type which have splayed, fluted nozzle and mostly upcurved handles. Many of these lamps were made in Italy, but some of them are found in the East.

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LARGE ROMAN MIRROR WITH GRADUATING CIRCLES 1st-2nd century AD A bronze discoid mirror with one polished face, the reverse with chamfered rim and concentric ring detailing; mounted on a custommade stand. 752 grams total, 23cm including stand (9"). Very fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 900 - 1,120 USD 1,090 - 1,370 Provenance Property of a Brussels gallery; acquired on the European art market.

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ROMAN GILT MIRROR WITH MYTHOLOGICAL FIGURES 1st-2nd century AD A bronze mirror comprising disc with one tinned and polished face, applied silver-gilt repoussé sheet; the socle base square in plan with four lug feet, gusseted sidewalls with pointillé detailing and raised panels to the shoulder and bulb above; the fragmentary appliqué depicting a mythological scene comprising on the right edge a reclining female (Rhea Silvia?) supporting her weight on her left elbow, facing outwards beneath a laurel tree, winged male figure leaning in towards the female and extending one hand towards her; on the left a standing male in military clothing (Mars?) with a lenticular shield resting on the ground beside his feet. 167 grams, 14cm (5½"). Fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470

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Provenance Property of a London businessman; formerly in a 1990s private UK collection; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10366-168744. Literature See Hobbs, R., The Mildenhall Treasure: Late Roman Silver Plate from East Anglia, London, 2016. Footnotes The scene presented here refers to the legend of Rhea Silvia, the Vestal Virgin who was seduced by the god Mars while bringing water from a woodland spring. The products of this union were the twins Romulus and Remus, who went on to found the city of Rome.

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ROMAN OINOCHOE WITH TREFOIL MOUTH 1st century BC-1st century AD A bronze jug with bulbous body and integral flat base with circular line ornament and trefoil mouth; the attached looped and ribbed handle with floral ornamented foot. 428 grams, 14cm (5½"). Very fine condition. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,350 - 1,910 USD 1,640 - 2,320

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Provenance From a private UK collection, acquired in 2010; formerly in a private Rosenheim, Germany collection, acquired in the 1960s. Literature Cf. Rolland, H., Bronzes Antiques de Haute Provence, Paris, 1965, no.294, for a similar jug.

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ROMAN BATILLUM WITH SILENUS MASK 1st–2nd century AD A large rectangular incense shovel with shallow pan, the long edges with raised foliate decoration; U-section handle with ram's head finial, the other end with a superb theatrical mask of Silenus. 2.2 kg, 35cm (13¾"). Fine condition. £1,000 - 1,500 EUR 1,120 - 1,680 USD 1,370 - 2,050 Provenance Property of an East Anglian collector; formerly acquired on the European art market in the 1990s; accompanied by an archaeological report by Dr. Raffaele D’Amato. Literature See Yadin, Y., ‘The Finds from the Bar-Kokhba Period in the Cave of Letters’, in Israel Exploration Society, Jerusalem, 1963, pp.48-60; Yadin, Y., Bar-Kokhba,

135

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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The Rediscovery of the legendary Hero of the Second Jewish Revolt Against Rome, New York, 1971; Weitzmann, K., (ed.) Age of Spirituality, Late Antique and early Christian Art, third to Seventh Century, catalogue of the Exhibition at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, November 19, 1977, Through February 12, 1978, New York, 1979, nos.342-343; Skupiska-Løvset, I., ‘Further Examples of Bronze Incense Shovels from Palestine’ in Études et Travaux XXII/2008, Warzawa, 2008, pp.215-223; similar specimen in the Metropolitan museum, accession number 00.13.7. Footnotes The batillum was made specifically for ritual use of incense. As proposed by various scholars and as generally accepted these objects (batilla in Latin, mahtah in Hebrew) came from the Jewish tradition and used from the First Temple period to ritually sanctify the menorah. These objects were also used throughout the Graeco-Roman world. Another similar example is known from Pompeii (Yadin, 1963, pl.28). The style seems to have spanned the eastern and central parts of the Roman Mediterranean.

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ROMAN LADLE WITH DOG HEAD TERMINAL 1st-2nd century AD A bronze ladle comprising a hemispherical bowl with two ferrous rivets attaching a flat-section handle with impressed running tendrils and pellets representing a grapevine; ribbed bulb above and roundsection hook with collar detailing, finial formed as a canine head with pricked ears and domed eyes. 228 grams, 28cm (11"). Fine condition, crack to handle base. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,350 - 1,910 USD 1,640 - 2,320

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Provenance Property of a Dutch private collector; previously in a private European collection, acquired in the early 1980s. Literature Cf. Tassinari, S., La Vaisselle de Bronze, Romaine et Provinciale, au Musée des Antiquités Nationales, XXIXe supplément de Gallia, Paris, 1975, items 403, for ladles with similar animal-head finials.

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ROMAN OINOCHOE HANDLE WITH HEAD OF A LADY 1st century BC-1st century AD A bronze ewer handle, facetted and gently curved at the top; the lower finial a facing mask of Bacchus with vine-leaves wound into the hair falling on either side of the face, diadem to the brow; the upper finial with two C-section arms extending laterally to sit upon the rim of the vessel, thumb-pad formed as a female head with hair drawn back from the face in a chignon; mounted on a custom-made stand. 296 grams total, 16cm including stand (6¼"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 450 - 670 USD 550 - 820 Provenance Property of a Dutch private collector; previously in the collection of Dr Bottger, acquired in the 1960s. Literature Cf. Tassinari, S., La Vaisselle de Bronze, Romaine et Provinciale, au Musée des Antiquités Nationales, XXIXe supplément de Gallia, Paris, 1975, item 178, for a similar handle with mask of Silenus to the lower end.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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140 139

ROMAN GORGONEION MASK PAIR 1st century BC-2nd century AD A pair of bronze bowl mounts formed as the mask of Medusa (gorgoneion) with inlaid glass eyes and flowing hair, one with two wings to the top of the head, the other with four round bosses. 240 grams total, 7.1-10.6cm (2¾ - 4¼"). Fine condition, repaired. [2] £500 - 700 EUR 560 - 790 USD 680 - 960 Provenance Property of an Austrian private collector since the 1970s. Literature See Rolland, H., Bronzes Antiques de Haute Provence, Paris, 1965, items 327, 328, for type; see also D'Amato, R. and Sumner, G., Arms and Armour of the Imperial Roman Soldier: From Marius to Commodus, 112 BC-AD 192, London, 2009, pp.54, 107, 134. Footnotes In Greek mythology the Gorgon was a terrifying creature whose gaze turned all living things to stone. After the monster was killed by Perseus the head was given to Athena (Roman Minerva) to wear on her armour as a protective shield, or aegis; Zeus (Roman Jupiter) is also often seen wearing the aegis with the Gorgon head. The ability of the head to attract and hold evil powers, and divert them from other targets, meant that it became a popular object for use as an amulet in the Greek and Roman periods. The head was also used on buildings, tombstones and coffins for averting the power of evil, and also as apotropaic element of the Roman muscled armours. These two elements are probably from a chariot decoration.

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ROMAN BACCHUS CHARIOT MOUNT 2nd-3rd century AD A substantial hollow-formed chariot ornament depicting the bust of god Bacchus (Greek Dionysus) with clean-shaven face, wearing a wreath of ivy leaves, bunches of grapes in his hair, draped deer skin

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tied in a knot on his right shoulder, hooves hanging down; rectangular opening in base, circular opening in crown for fixture. 323 grams, 99mm (4"). Fine condition. £2,500 - 3,500 EUR 2,810 - 3,930 USD 3,420 - 4,790 Provenance Property of an Austrian private collector since the 1970s; accompanied by an archaeological report by Dr. Raffaele D'Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10417-171002. Literature See Boucher, S., Inventaire des Collections Publiques Françaises - 17 Vienne: Bronzes Antiques, Paris, 1971; Ratkovi, D., 'Wagon and Harness Bronzes from the Roman Collection of the National Museum in Belgrade' in Thiasos, Festschrift fur Erwin Pochmarski zum 65. Geburtstag, Wien, 2008, pp.793-815, figs.3-7-8, for similar items; compare also with decorated chariot fittings in Menzel, H., Die römischen Bronzen aus Deutschland III, Mainz am Rhein, 1986, pp.164-177, nn.458-485, especially pls.142-144, for those with the bust of gods; for another possible bust of Bacchus decoration of chariot see Humer F., Kremer G., Pollhammer E., Pülz A., AD 313 Von Carnuntum zum Christentum, Bad Voslau, 2014, n.84. Footnotes Grave finds of various types, be they travelling carriages, chariots, or two or four wheeled wagons include remains of wood, structural parts such as wheels, as well as metal parts of joins, wagon fittings and harnesses. Bronze figurative decorations on funerary wagons are very often of Dionysiac character and related to Dionysiac mysteries. Hitherto it was a standard approach, for the scholars, to consider the decoration of funeral wagons as exclusively associated with the cult of Dionysus and various themes related to this cult, considering that many of the found chariot fittings were busts of the god himself, Maenads, Satyrs, young men with vine-leaf crowns, or animals, like panthers, linked to his cult. One example similar to this sculpture is the bust of a Maenad in the collection of ancient bronzes of Vienne (Boucher, 1971, cat.42) most probably a chariot decoration as well, like a bust of Dionysus in the same collection (Boucher, 1971, cat.43). This type of mount was probably used as bridle holder and placed near the driver’s seat, on the wagon platform or as a central decoration on the back of the wagon.

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ROMAN JUPITER STATUETTE 1st-2nd century AD A substantial bronze figure of Jupiter copying an original Greek work, standing nude in contrapposto pose, left leg flexed and advancing; left arm extended perpendicular to the body, right arm thrust down and slightly forward; the hair and beard formed as a dense mass of curls, each individually modelled, with a copper fillet retaining them behind; the eyes with silver overlay, the lower lip with copper overlay (similar originally applied to the nipples); later tiered socle base with pointillé inscription   ' (a vow to Herakles). 1.4 kg, 23cm including stand (9"). Very fine condition; some old repairs. £18,000 - 24,000 EUR 20,210 - 26,950 USD 24,610 - 32,810 Provenance From a private UK collection; formerly with Christie's, New York, 4 June 2008, lot 255 (US $60,000.00 - $90,000.00); acquired by the current owner on the London art market in 2007; formerly in a collection of a New York collector, since the early 1990s; accompanied by a technical examination report, written by Pieter Meyers of Los Angeles, California, dated 11 May 2018; and positive metallurgic analytical results, written by Metallurgist Dr. Peter Northover (ex Department of Materials, Materials Science-Based Archaeology Group & Department of Materials, University of Oxford), number R5249; a Ciram report suggesting a later date, however based only on the circumstance that the corrosion does not penetrate deeply inside the alloy (what can have been caused by the fact that the statuette could have been found in an underground lead box); an Art Loss Register certificate no.S00125531 and the relevant Christie's catalogue pages; accompanied by an academic report by Dr. Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by IADAA certificate number no.20032020/1433.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

142

Literature See no.195a in Leventi, 'Zeus' in LIMC and nos.243-244 in Leventi and Machaira, 'Zeus' in LIMC. Footnotes This Jupiter type, known as Zeus Brontaios or Thunderer, has been attributed to a Greek original by sculptor Leochares, c. 370-360 BC. The god would have held a sceptre in his left hand and cradled his thunderbolt in his right. The statue may have served as a devotional image in a personal shrine, or used as a votive object offered as a dedication to the god. Even on a Hellenic provincial stele from Miletupolis in Mysia (Asia Minor) Zeus Hypsistos is depicted like Zeus Brontaios, regularly portrayed in anthropomorphic form, with his thunderbolt in hand.

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ROMAN HERCULES STATUETTE 2nd-3rd century AD A finely detailed bronze figure of Hercules standing, resting his right hand on his club and with lion-skin draped over left arm; his bearded features finely modelled with hair tied back; on integral flat base and set on a display plinth. 230 grams total, 13.5cm including stand (5¼"). Fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 900 - 1,120 USD 1,090 - 1,370 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; acquired on the London art market before 2000; previously in a UK collection. Literature Cf. Rolland, H., Bronzes Antiques de Haute Provence XVIII, Paris, 1965, no.101, for a similar example.

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LARGE ROMAN DOOR HANDLE PAIR WITH LION HEADS 1st-3rd century AD A matching pair of substantial bronze door knockers or furniture handles, each a discoid plaque with a central high-relief lion mask, the lion with radiating mane composed of thick locks, gaping jaws with protruding tongue, holding a ribbed ring in its mouth, fastening rivets to the plaque; each with a custom-made wall mount. 3.2 kg total, 22cm each (8¾"). Very fine condition. [2] £8,000 - 10,000 EUR 8,980 - 11,230 USD 10,940 - 13,670 Provenance Property of a gentleman living in central London; formerly with William Deregibus, acquired by decent; previously in the private collection of Mr & Mrs (Cleo & Diana) Deregibus, New York, USA, acquired in the 1950s; accompanied by an archaeological report by military expert Dr. Raffaele

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D'Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10401170145. Literature See Uccelli, G., Le navi di Nemi, Roma, 1940; Ghini, G., Il Museo delle navi romane e Il Santuario di Diana di Nemi, Roma, 1992; similar specimens in the collection of the Museum of the Order of St John at the University of Birmingham inv. n.5616-5617, from Jerusalem; and two nearly identical door handles in the shape of lion's heads are preserved in the Getty Museum (accession number 72.AC.91). Footnotes There are various examples of appliqués used for furniture, carts and ships in the form of a lion’s face, finely cast in high relief, holding a ribbed ring in its gaping jaws, often incised whiskers and fur, and radiating mane. The lion was symbol of power and ferocity, and would also have recalled the fierce gladiatorial fights. One of the most beautiful and striking examples are the lion heads of the famous Nemi ships of Caligula. These were fitted to the ends of cantilevered beams that supported each rowing position on the second ship.

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145

144

145

LATE ROMAN FOLDING MILITARY CAMPAIGN CHAIR

ROMAN LIFE-SIZE STATUE FOOT OF A GOD OR HERO

5th-7th century AD

1st-3rd century AD

An iron folding campaign stool frame of Nocera Umbra variant type with balustered legs, top and base; wider sections to the ends inlaid with bronze repeating pattern of scrolls, at point where frame narrows three horizontal bands with Greek key meander and chevron pattern below with iron stud hinging two frames together; to the upper surface of the frame a repeating swastika pattern with wave border to the top; three horizontal lines where the frame narrows, decorated with chevron pattern. 7 kg, 65cm (25½"). Fine condition, restored. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,490 - 6,740 USD 5,470 - 8,200

A hollow-formed life-size bronze right foot and ankle from a statue of a god, goddess, hero, boy or an athlete; fine detailing to the foot and toes; ancient rectangular repair panel to the upper face; mounted on a custom-made stand. 2.3 kg, 29cm including stand (11½"). Fine condition. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,490 - 6,740 USD 5,470 - 8,200

Provenance Property of an English collector; acquired in the UK in the 1990s; accompanied by an archaeological report by military specialist Dr. Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10403-170290. Literature See Emery, V.B., The Royal tombs of Ballana, Cairo, 1938; Waldbaum, J.C., Metalwork from Sardis: the finds through 1974, Sardis Monograph, Cambridge, 1984; Arena, M.S., Umbria Longobarda, la necropoli di Nocera Umbra nel centenario della scoperta, Roma, 1997, pp. 124-126; Miks, C., ‘Relikte eines Fruhmittelalterlichen Oberschichtgrabes?,’ in Jahrbuch des RGZM, 2009, 56, pp.396-538, in particular pp. 434ff, for similar examples. Footnotes These richly decorated folding chairs, so-called Sellae Castrenses, stayed in the tradition of old Romano-Italic insignia of the military command. It was especially common in the army and was mainly reserved for the generals. A distinction has to be made between the rather rare surviving specimens of Roman metallic chairs whose S-shaped curved frame recall elements of the sella curulis - i.e. the seat of Roman magistrates - and those with straightforward elements that correspond to the sella castrensis, a chair used by senior military personnel in Rome and Byzantium, already mentioned in use by emperors and generals in the classical Empire (Suetonius, Galba, 18).

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Provenance Property of a London gentleman; acquired on the London art market in the 2000s; accompanied by an expertise by Dr Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10296-168464. Literature See Reinach, S., 'Hermaphrodite: Statuette de bronze de la collection du Mis de Luppé' in Revue archéologique Volume 32, 1898, pp.321-336; Rolland, H., Bronzes Antiques de Haute Provence, Paris, 1965, item 218, for similar fragment; Deiss, J.J., Herculaneum: Italy's Buried Treasure, New York, 1985; Various, Small bronze sculpture from the Ancient World, Malibu, 1990; Blix, G., From Paris to Pompeii: French Romanticism and the Cultural Politics of Archaeology, University of Pennsylvania Press, 2009; Kleiner, F.S., A history of Roman art, Wadsworth, 2010; Cooley, A.E., Cooley, M.G.L., Pompeii and Herculaneum, New York, 2014. Footnotes The thin proportions of the calf could suggest that the statue was that of a boy, a young god or goddess. One of the possible candidates could be Eros, the god of love, based on the Eros de Pavlovsk showing a similar foot position. The position of the foot offered here resembles the statue of goddess Roma in the Getty Museum (inv. 84.AB.671). Studies on the Getty statue have shown a wax sheet that was applied to the underside of the already cast parts and around the bronze nub that formed the upper part of the proper leg, sealing the opening into the figure.

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ROMAN PARADE ARMOUR FRAGMENT WITH EROS 3rd century AD A sheet-bronze section of parade armour with low-relief scene depicting Eros offering a Corinthian helmet(?) to a warrior or goddess before him, the figure holding a spear in outstretched hand and leaning on a large shield, pelletted border beneath. 9.22 grams, 71mm (2¾"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 450 - 670 USD 550 - 820 Provenance Ex German collection, 1990s.

147 147

ROMAN MILITARY VTERE FELIX BELT MOUNT SET 3rd century AD A collection of bronze belt fittings comprising: fittings in the form of seriffed ornamental letters reading 'VTERE FELIX', 'use this well', with attachment studs to the reverse; a D-shaped buckle from another set. 69.5 grams total, 24-35mm (1 - 1½"). Fine condition. [11] £800 - 1,000 EUR 900 - 1,120 USD 1,090 - 1,370 Provenance Property of an Austrian private collector since the 1970s.

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ROMAN MILITARY VTERE FELIX BELT MOUNT SET 3rd century AD

148

A collection of bronze belt fittings comprising: fittings in the form of seriffed ornamental letters reading 'VTERE FELIX', 'use this well', with attachment studs to the reverse; an openwork buckle with punched ring-and-dot motifs from another set. 68.5 grams total, 26-54mm (1 2"). Fine condition. [11] £800 - 1,000 EUR 900 - 1,120 USD 1,090 - 1,370 Provenance Property of an Austrian private collector since the 1970s.

149

ROMAN MILLEFIORI MOUNT 2nd century AD A bronze disc mount with inset millefiori glass panels, central disc with alternating chequer patterns, outer ring with alternating rosette and frond patterns; stud to the reverse. 29.3 grams, 36mm (1½"). Extremely fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,120 - 1,570 USD 1,370 - 1,910

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Provenance Property of a London gentleman; found South Oxfordshire, England.

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LARGE ROMAN SILVER EAGLE FROM A STAFF OR SCEPTRE 3rd century AD An outstanding silver finial of a standing eagle with erect head, folded wings and long tail, superb rendering of the beak and eyes, incised feather detailing; standing on a rectangular base over a circular socket, allowing the insertion of a staff; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 338 grams total, 16.5cm including stand (6½"). Very fine condition. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,490 - 6,740 USD 5,470 - 8,200 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; acquired on the London art market before 2000; previously in a UK collection; accompanied by an archaeological report by Dr. Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10414-171560. Literature See Kirk, J.R., ‘Bronzes from Woodeaton, Oxon’ in Oxoniensia, 1949, pp.1-45; Henig, M. & Munby, J., ‘Three Bronze Figurines’ in Oxoniensia 38, 1973, pp.386-387; Bird, J., ‘Catalogue of Iron Age and Roman artefacts discovered before 1995,’ in Poulton, R., Farley Heath Roman temple, Surrey Archaeological Collection, 93, 2007, pp.34–69; Toepfer, K.M., Signa Militaria. Die römischen Feldzeichen in der Republik und im Prinzipat, Mainz, 2011; Durham, E., ‘The Silchester Bronze Eagle and Eagles in Roman Britain’ in Archaeological Journal 170, 2013, pp.78-105; see very similar eagle in the collections of the Brooklyn Museum, accession number 50.91, from Egypt.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

151

Footnotes In the Roman world the eagle, a bird associated with the god Jupiter or Zeus, king of the Olympian gods, and one of his most common attributes together with thunderbolt and the long scepter, was seen as ‘the symbol and agent of apotheosis after death’ and an eagle was released from the top of an emperor’s funeral pyre to signal the journey of the soul heavenwards. Eagles were also the main and principal standard of the Legions, in gold or silver, and became the military symbol for excellence. Eagles were also depicted in this role on monumental art, however, the eagle was not reserved only for the ruling class or for military people but was also found on funerary altars of private citizens.

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ROMAN SILVER PATERA WITH STORK HEADS 2nd-3rd century AD A silver patera with flared sidewall and concentric rings to the underside; rim with rosettes and storks' heads in profile flanking a waisted flat-section handle with median rib and thyrsus, addorsed stork heads forming the finial. 133 grams, 17cm (6¾"). Very fine condition. £2,500 - 3,500 EUR 2,810 - 3,930 USD 3,420 - 4,790 Provenance Property of a London businessman; formerly with Piasa auctions, Paris, France, 2003; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10357168736.

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ROMAN GILT SILVER TUTULUS BROOCH 2nd century AD A substantial silver tutulus brooch comprising a conical centre surrounded by concentric raised rings and filigree ropework at the base, gilt knop finial, eleven radiating lugs each with an applied granule finial and ropework band to the rim; pin-lug and part of the catch to the reverse; two loops to the lower lugs for the attachment of securing chains. 13.2 grams, 55mm (2"). Fine condition, repaired. £400 - 600 EUR 450 - 670 USD 550 - 820 Provenance Property of a Dutch private collector; previously in English private collection, 1980.

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Literature See Bayley, J. & Butcher, S., Roman Brooches in Britain: A Technological and Typological Study based on the Richborough Collection, London, 2004, p.178.

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ROMAN SILVER FORTUNA AND FLORA FIGURE PAIR 1st century BC-1st century AD A silver figurine depicting two standing females, each wearing a tiered floor-length robe gathered at the waist; the left figure holding a cornucopia in the left hand, the right figure with right hand extended and holding flowers in the left hand; perhaps temple figures of the goddesses Fortuna and Flora. 33.6 grams total, 36mm including stand (1½"). Fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 900 - 1,120 USD 1,090 - 1,370 Provenance Property of a private New York collection; formerly in a private US collection, since the 1980s. Literature Cf. Boucher, S., Recherches sur les Bronzes Figurés de Gaule Pré-Romaine et Romaine, Rome, 1976, items 262 and 265.

153

154

ROMAN IRON RING WITH PORTRAIT GEMSTONE 1st century BC-1st century AD An iron finger ring with blue-black agate gemstone with profile imperial bearded bust, inscribed with the letter 'I L I' to either side of the neck. 4.38 grams, 24.89mm overall, 20.67mm internal diameter (approximate size British Q, USA 8, Europe 17.49, Japan 16) (1"). Very fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,120 - 1,570 USD 1,370 - 1,910 Provenance From an important Austrian collection; formerly with Herman Historica, Munich, Germany, auction 64, lot 3305; previously in the South German collection since the 1970s.

155

ROMAN SILVER RING WITH BUST OF ZEUS-SERAPIS 3rd-4th century AD 154 A silver ring of hexagonal shape, facetted on the outside; plaque with a bust of Zeus Serapis modelled in the round. 18.90 grams, 32.05mm overall, 23.43mm internal diameter (approximate size British Z+1, USA 12¾, Europe 29.99, Japan 28) (1¼"). Fine condition, worn. A large wearable size. £800 - 1,000 EUR 900 - 1,120 USD 1,090 - 1,370 Provenance Property of an East Anglian collector; formerly acquired on the European art market in the 1990s. Literature See Marshall, F.H., Catalogue of the Finger Rings Greek, Etruscan & Roman in the Department of Antiquities British Museum, Oxford, 1968, similar specimens nn.1439-1440. Footnotes Serapis, an Egyptian-Greek syncretic god designed to appeal to the largest possible majority, was often represented as a symbol of religious unity of the official Graeco-Roman pantheon, and therefore as symbol of unity for the Empire. Serapis is a historically verified, deliberately planned religious synthesis, commissioned by Ptolemy I (323-283 BC), and was kept and spread by the Romans. Serapis worship remained popular until the advent of Christianity, with whom he competed during the age of the Illyrian emperors.

155

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


156 156

ROMAN GOLD NECKLACE WITH SUN WHORL PENDANT 1st-3rd century AD A heavy gold necklace and pendant comprising: choker-length trichinopoly chain with ring terminals, hook-and-eye closure; bifacial openwork pendant with ribbed loop, dished openwork body, beaded wire rim and granule cluster to the foot. 35.18 grams, 42cm (16½"). Very fine condition. £6,000 - 8,000 EUR 6,740 - 8,980 USD 8,200 - 10,940 Provenance Property of an English collector; acquired from John Moor, York, UK, in the late 1990s; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, GemA, ref. no.168698/07/12/2020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10438-168698. Literature Cf. Marshall, F.H., Catalogue of the Jewellery, Greek, Etruscan and Roman, in the Department of Antiquities, British Museum, London, 1911, item 2720, for type.

157 157

ROMAN GOLD NECKLACE WITH DROPS 2nd-3rd century AD A restrung necklace composed of annular carnelian beads, two gold pendants composed of textured tubular bar with conical finials, three spherical pendants below, applied rosette to the loop; central gold teardrop-shaped pendant with inset garnet cabochon, three spherical pendants below; modern clasp. 19.83 grams, 42cm (16½"). Fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,680 - 2,250 USD 2,050 - 2,730 Provenance From the collection of a Japanese gentleman, deceased (1970-2010); collected in the 1990s.

158

ROMAN GOLD HERCULES KNOT NECKLACE 1st-2nd century AD A substantial heavy gold rope chain necklace with a central large Hercules or marriage knot pendant; domed caps with beaded wire to the ends of the knot and chain; modern clasp. 29.69 grams, 65cm (25½"). Very fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470 Provenance Property of a respected gentleman, from his private collection formed 19652020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10514-171133. Literature See Metropolitan Museum of Art, accession number 1995.539.7, for an earlier example. Footnotes The Knot of Hercules, also known as a reef knot, is at least 4,000 to 9,000 years old. This knot is used to tie the two ends of a single line together, and is thus the perfect symbol of the tying together of two lives into one.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

158

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159

ROMAN GOLD HINGED BRACELET WITH CLOSURE 3rd-4th century AD A penannular gold bracelet with twisted shank and applied beaded wire, waisted collar to each end and two attachment loops; separate closure formed as a reef knot with applied beaded wire c-scrolls, ribbed loop to each end; securing pins absent. 23.21 grams, 61mm (2½"). Fine condition. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,250 - 3,370 USD 2,730 - 4,100 Provenance Property of an English collector; acquired from John Moor, York, UK, in the late 1990s; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, GemA, ref. no.168699/07/12/2020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10359-168699.

159

Literature Cf. Marshall, F.H., Catalogue of the Jewellery, Greek, Etruscan and Roman, in the Department of Antiquities, British Museum, London, 1911, item 2875, for a similar closure.

160

ROMAN GOLD EARRINGS WITH CAMEOS 2nd-3rd century AD A pair of gold earrings with wire hooks, each with a cell with petal detail to the outer edge, set with an agate cameo bust carved in the half round, one depicting Medusa with wings to her brow and head slightly turned, the other with a youthful female face; pendant drop with garnet bead below. 4.87 grams total, 29-31mm (1 - 1¼"). Very fine condition. [2] £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 2,020 - 2,690 USD 2,460 - 3,280

160

Provenance From the collection of a Japanese gentleman, deceased (1970-2010); collected in the 1990s. Literature See Manning, W.H., Catalogue of the Romano-British Iron Tools, Fittings and Weapons in the British Museum, London, 1985, item 2656, for type.

161

ROMAN GOLD EARRING PAIR 3rd century AD A matched pair of gold earrings, each a plaited loop and discoid shield with applied granules, cluster of hollow spheres with drumshaped shank, strands of granule detailing. 4.03 grams total, 36mm each (1½"). Fine condition. [2] £700 - 900 EUR 790 - 1,010 USD 960 - 1,230 Provenance From the collection of a Japanese gentleman, deceased (1970-2010); collected in the 1990s.

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Literature See Ruseva-Slokoska, L., Roman Jewellery, Sofia, 1991, item 32, for type.

162

ROMAN GOLD CRESCENT-SHAPED EARRING PAIR 1st-2nd century AD A matched pair of gold earrings, each a crescentic plaque with wire hoop attached to a ring closure; the plaque with outer band of beaded wire to the rim, inner band of braided filigree, three domed studs and two applied filigree scrolls. 6.02 grams total, 36-37mm (1½"). Very fine condition. [2] £500 - 700 EUR 560 - 790 USD 680 - 960 Provenance Property of a Dutch private collector; previously in a UK collection, acquired on the UK art market in the 1990s; accompanied by a four page scientific report from Dr Boaz Paz of Laboratorien Für Archäometrie, Germany.

162

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


163

ROMAN GOLD BOAT-SHAPED EARRING PAIR 4th-5th century AD A matched pair of hollow-formed gold boat-shaped earrings with garnets, each with a panel of annulets and granulation to the outer face, collar with filigree edges and granulated spheres; Eastern Empire workmanship. 9.58 grams total, 20-22mm (1"). Fine to very fine condition. Exceptional workmanship. [2] £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,680 - 2,250 USD 2,050 - 2,730

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Provenance Property of a central London gentleman; previously with a Mayfair, London, UK, gallery in the early 1990s; accompanied by a copy of an expertise from Striptwist Ltd, a London-based company run by historical precious metal specialist Dr Jack Ogden, reference number 180301; and an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no. 167843/07/12/20.

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ROMAN GOLD EARRING PAIR 1st-3rd century AD A matched pair of gold earrings, each a twisted hoop with domed plaque, applied granule to the centre and base, hook-and-loop closure. 4.15 grams total, 19mm each (¾"). Fine condition. [2] £500 - 700 EUR 560 - 790 USD 680 - 960 Provenance From the collection of a Japanese gentleman, deceased (1970-2010); collected in the 1990s.

164

165

ROMAN GOLD ELABORATE EARRING PENDANT PAIR 1st-3rd century AD A substantial matched pair of gold openwork bulb earrings, each with two loops attached to a waisted neck with scrolled and granulated handle, two bands of arcading around a median filigree herringbone collar, applied loops and pendant D-shaped plaques. 13.20 grams total, 40-41mm (1½"). Fine condition. [2] £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,250 - 3,370 USD 2,730 - 4,100 Provenance Property of an English collector; acquired from John Moor, York, UK, in the late 1990s; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, GemA, ref. no. 8700/07/12/2020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10478-168700. Literature Cf. Marshall, F.H., Catalogue of the Jewellery, Greek, Etruscan and Roman, in the Department of Antiquities, British Museum, London, 1911, item 2328.

165

166

ROMAN GOLD EARRINGS WITH DROPS 2nd-3rd century AD A matched pair of gold earrings with hook closure, each with an open cell set with banded agate cabochon, openwork frame to the obverse, two loops below with beaded pendant drops. 4.27 grams total, 37mm each (1½"). Fine condition. [2] £500 - 700 EUR 560 - 790 USD 680 - 960 Provenance From the collection of a Japanese gentleman, deceased (1970-2010); collected in the 1990s.

166

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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167

ROMAN GOLD EARRING PAIR 1st-3rd century AD A matched pair of gold earrings, each a hoop with applied domed disc, granule below and a free-running pendant drop with two garnet beads. 2.75 grams total, 32mm each (1¼"). Fine condition. [2] £500 - 700 EUR 560 - 790 USD 680 - 960 Provenance From the collection of a Japanese gentleman, deceased (1970-2010); collected in the 1990s.

168

ROMAN GOLD PENDANT WITH GEMSTONES 1st-3rd century AD A gold lozenge-shaped pendant with applied filigree border, four clusters of applied granules and a central garnet cabochon in a raised cell; a pearl pendant to three of the corners, ribbed suspension loop above. 2.14 grams, 33mm (1¼"). Very fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 670 - 900 USD 820 - 1,090

167

Provenance Property of a North London gentleman; acquired on the UK art market.

169

ROMAN GOLD PYRAMIDAL BELL PENDANT 3rd-4th century AD A sheet-gold pyramidal pendant with applied heart-shaped cell to each side, two bands of granules to the lower edge; suspension loop to each corner with a chain and semi-circular pendant; the ribbed suspension loop on a discoid base with applied granule cluster to each corner. 3.70 grams, 52mm (2"). Fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 670 - 900 USD 820 - 1,090 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with the Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972.

168

170

ROMAN GOLD LITURGICAL SPOON WITH SILVER DOLPHIN Early 5th century AD A gold spoon with oval bowl, two applied volute scrolls to each side of the adjoining handle; the lower part of the handle formed as a silver dolphin with its tail bent upwards, applied balustered stem with bulbous finial, the finial decorated with four bands of filigree spirals. 23.39 grams, 17cm (6¾"). Very fine condition. £12,000 - 17,000 EUR 13,470 - 19,090 USD 16,410 - 23,240 Provenance Property of a London businessman; acquired in London from Mr A.B. in 2019; formerly in an old American private collection since 1980s; accompanied by an archaeological report by Dr. Raffaele D’Amato; and an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no.169251/07/12/2020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10393-169251. Literature See Shelton, K.J., The Esquiline Treasure, London, 1981; Riha, E. & Stern, W.B., Die Römischen Löffel aus Augst und Kaiseraugst, Basel, 1982, items 218-221, for type; Johns, K. and Potter, T., The Thetford Treasure, Roman jewellery and silver, Dorchester, 1983, items 50-82, for type; Spier, J., Treasures of the Ferrell Collection, Wiesbaden, 2010, p.278, items 218-222, for type.

169

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170

Footnotes A relatively large number of spoons of similar type, but in silver, have been discovered in treasures dating from the late fourth and early fifth centuries, and in graves of undocumented context. One very rich hoard of these objects was discovered amongst the famous Thetford treasure, where spoons with zoomorphic offsets were found (Johns and Potter, 1983, pp.38ff. and 121ff.), but many spoons were also included in the mid-fourth century Kaiseraugst treasure, from Switzerland, and in the Esquiline Treasure from Rome (Shelton, 1981, pl.34). What is particular in our specimen is that the spoon is made of gold, not of silver, although the solid disc variety of the spoon is still the same that continued to exist until the end of the 5th century and was replaced in 6th century by a larger and heavier version.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


171

ROMAN SPHERE FROM SCEPTRE OR STAFF 4th century AD A slightly irregular obsidian sphere with small and widespread bubbles inside, a portion of the surface shows flattening, probably corresponding to the point of contact with the underlying metal part of the shaft over which it was positioned. 1.1 kg, 95mm (3¾"). Fine condition. Excessively rare. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,250 - 3,370 USD 2,730 - 4,100 Provenance Property of an Austrian private collector since the 1970s; accompanied by a copy of the collector's catalogue page and an archaeological report by Dr. Raffaele D’Amato and by a scholarly note TL5350 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10419-171487.

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Literature See Panella, C., I segni del potere, realta’ e immaginario della sovranita’ nella Roma Imperiale, Bari, 2011.

172

ROMAN GEMSTONE KRATERISKOS 1st century BC-1st century AD A small vessel made from finely polished, dark cairngorm (smoky quartz), with flat body with retracted shoulders and two handles on the sides, the interior finely hollowed. 14.7 grams, 44mm (1¾"). Extremely fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,120 - 1,570 USD 1,370 - 1,910 Provenance From an important Austrian collection; formerly with Herman Historica, Munich, Germany, auction 64, lot 3358; in a private South German collection since the 1970s; accompanied by a scholarly note TL5324 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz.

172

173

ROMAN JET MOUNT WITH MEDUSA 2nd-3rd century AD A carved jet mount with facing head of Medusa, her sorrowful face framed with curling serpents, large wings to the brow; stepped rim. 8.85 grams, 31mm (1¼"). Very fine condition. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,250 - 3,370 USD 2,730 - 4,100 Provenance Property of an Austrian private collector since the 1970s; accompanied by a scholarly note no.TL5325 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10558-170995. Literature See Henig, M., The Content Family Collection of Ancient Cameos, Oxford, 1990, p.91, fig.161, for a broadly similar depiction in onyx; Ruseva-Slokovska L., Roman Jewellery, a collection of the National Archaeological Museum-Sofia, Sofia, 1991.

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174

ROMAN JET MOUNT WITH PHILOSOPHER 1st-3rd century AD A carved jet mount with a facing head of a philosopher modelled in the half round, thoughtful expression with furrowed brow, strong nasal ridge and carefully arranged voluminous beard merging with the side hair; stepped rim. 4.43 grams, 25mm (1"). Very fine condition, repaired. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,250 - 3,370 USD 2,730 - 4,100 Provenance Property of an Austrian private collector since the 1970s; accompanied by a scholarly note no. TL5325 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10559-170996. Literature See Henig, M., The Content Family Collection of Ancient Cameos, Oxford, 1990; Ruseva-Slokovska, L., Roman Jewellery, a collection of the National Archaeological Museum-Sofia, Sofia, 1991, for discussion.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

174

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175

175

ROMAN FUNERARY STELE OF MAXIMOS AND ZOSIMOS December 206 AD An Imperial marble stele of a Patrician (aristocrat), of rectangular shape with gables and acroterion with foliage, the gable with two birds eating grapes from the vine, the two side pillars with vine tendrils; the centre with various items including a wool ring with spindle terminal, knuckle bones, a comb, a bread stamp seal, an incense burner, three writing tablets, one with a name Maximos in genitive case '% #!'; the lower panel with Greek inscription: '#!C Cq%  %!%#!  % #C # %  !! %  C!#C %!#!  # !#C %!#! %%#C  %%#C  % % # % # % #   ! %!#! C C

%' 'In the year 291, day 5 of the month Audnaios (December 206 AD), his father Maximos, his wife Eutychiane, his son Tatianos and his brothers Tatianos and Markella (set this up) for Maximos and his son Zosimos in remembrance.' 146 kg, 87 x 50 x 15 cm (34Âź x 20 x 6"). Fine condition. ÂŁ12,000 - 17,000 EUR 13,470 - 19,090 USD 16,410 - 23,240

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Provenance Property of an important London collector; acquired from Gorny & Mosch, 21 June 2005, lot 100; previously in a European collection; accompanied by copies of the relevant Gorny & Mosch catalogue pages; an expertise written by Maria Paz de Hoz, p.119-124; an expertise written by Dr. Raffaele D’Amato; and a scholarly note TL5359 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz; this lot has also been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certiďŹ cate number no.10271-168596 Literature See Pfuhl E., MĂśbius H., Die ostgriechischen Grabreliefs. I Text and plates, Mainz, 1977, especially no.2307. Published Paz de Hoz, Maria Epigraphica Anatolica 40, 2007, pp.119-124. Footnotes This Roman stele, produced in the Eastern Empire, presents various symbols and implements of daily work, in remembrance of the two deceased mentioned. The two birds eating grapes is a reference to an early Christian allegory found in the New Testament, speciďŹ cally to the words of Jesus Christ in the Gospel of Saint John, chapter 15: 'I am the true vine, and my Father is the gardener ‌I am the vine; you are the branches.' The men to whom this stele is dedicated were probably beloved father and son, and their family was probably Christian. The reference at the beginning of the stele to the month of Audenaios of the year 291 of the Sullan Era, dates the stele to December 206 AD (Emperors Septimius Severus, Caracalla and Geta).

For charges payable in addition to the ďŹ nal hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


176

176

ROMAN MARBLE STATUE OF A BARBARIAN PRISONER 2nd century AD A marble statue of a barbarian prisoner, presumably a Parthian warrior, depicted kneeling on his right knee, his right arm raised to support a water jar on his shoulders, wearing Phrygian cap over his curly hair, dressed in a belted tunic falling in thick folds, the lower drapery stretched over the knees, and strapping on his legs; a long cloak over the top, fastened at the right shoulder and falling down his back, set on an integral base. 39 kg, 59.7 cm (23½"). Fine condition, face worn. £15,000 - 20,000 EUR 16,840 - 22,460 USD 20,510 - 27,340 Provenance Property of an important London collector; acquired from Bonhams 28 April 2010, lot 139; previously in an Australian collection, acquired in the 1960s; previously in a European private collection; accompanied by copies of the relevant Bonhams catalogue pages; a copy of an Art Loss register certificate

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

dated 11 April 2007, ref.2709AM; and an expertise written by Dr. Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10272168595. Literature See Smith, A.H., A catalogue of sculpture in the department of Greek and Roman Antiquities, British Museum, vol.III, London,1904; Bianchi Bandinelli, R., Roma, l’arte romana nel centro del potere, Milan, 1969; Schneider, R.M., Bunte Barbaren, Orientalenstatuen aus farbigem Marmor in der römischen Repräsentationskunst, Worms, 1986, pls.1-13 and particularly 11-12. Footnotes The image of the subjected barbarian became prevalent in the late 1st and early 2nd century AD, as a consequence of the expansionistic wars of the Emperors Domitian and Trajan, as part of their propaganda programme and iconography of Imperial triumph. The clean-shaven face is indicative of the 'easterner', an oriental Barbarian type, an impression strengthened by the Phrygian cap, the garments and trousers, which are Persian in style. Comparable sculptures such as the figure of barbarian captive at the British Museum (Smith, 1904, n.1772, p.117), from the 'Palace of Trajan' at Ramleh, Alexandria.

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177 177

LARGE ROMAN MARBLE LION FOUNTAIN HEAD 1st-2nd century AD A marble fountain support depicting the head of a lion, the narrow face carved in high-relief with full, wavy mane, the gaping jaws with detailed teeth; a hole to the top for attachment, another hole through the mouth; mounted on a custom-made base. 66kg, 51 cm (20"). Fine condition. £8,000 - 10,000 EUR 8,980 - 11,230 USD 10,940 - 13,670 Provenance Property of an important London collector; acquired from Bonhams 22 September 1998, lot 485; formerly in the private collection of a Norwegian gentleman, acquired at an auction in Oslo in 1919; previously in the Baron Ustinov collection; a report on the sculpture was written by an academic at

80

Oslo University in 1964, accompanied by a copy of an Art Loss certificate dated 7 October 2002; copies of the relevant Bonhams catalogue pages; and an expertise written by Dr. Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10290-168598. Literature See Smith, A.H., A catalogue of sculpture in the department of Greek and Roman Antiquities, British Museum, vol.III, London, 1904; Scrinari, V. S. M., Sculture Romane di Aquileia, Roma, 1972; Bonhams, Antiquities Tuesday 22nd September 1998, London, 1998. Footnotes The lion was famously featured in many ancient myths, perhaps the most famous being that of Hercules (Herakles) slaying the Nemean lion for his first labour. The lion was also linked with the cult of the goddess Cybele, where it was usually represented in relief on either side of her throne. In the 2nd century AD, lions were often the favoured ornament for the cuirass of Roman emperors.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


178 178

ROMAN ALABASTER STATUE OF VENUS 1st century BC-1st century AD A fine alabaster statue of Venus (Greek Aphrodite) of Medici type, the nude goddess of love shown standing, leaning slightly forward with her weight on her left leg, right leg slightly bent and advanced, the arms would have originally covered her modesty, head turned to left with idealised soft facial features and serene expression, a fillet to her wavy hair tied in chignon at the nape of the neck, the hairstyle resembling closely that of the Capitoline Venus; behind her Cupid standing next to a small tree trunk, tail of a dolphin above his head; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 1.3 kg total, 28cm including stand (11"). Fine condition. Rare. £12,000 - 17,000 EUR 13,470 - 19,090 USD 16,410 - 23,240

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Provenance Property of a Dutch collector; formerly exhibited at Tefaf, Maastricht (15-24 March 2013); acquired on the European art market between 1990-1995; in a private Frankfurt, Germany collection; accompanied by copies of two previous catalogue entries; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10533171171. Literature Cf. Pasquier, A., Martinez, J.L., Praxitele, Musee du Louvre, Paris, 2007, pp.146-149, fig.109; Havelock, C.M., The Aphrodite of Knidos and her Successors, University of Michigan, 1995, pp.74-80, fig.19; Smith, R.R.R., Hellenistic Sculpture, London, 1991, pp.79-83, fig.100. Published Exhibited at Tefaf, Maastricht, 15-24 March 2013. Footnotes This statue closely resembles the marble statue 'Venus de' Medici' today in the Uffizi Gallery in Florence, from which the type derives its name. The Medici Venus is now considered to be the work of a Greek sculptor, possibly Kleomenes, from circa 100 BC (probably from an Athenian workshop) deriving from an original of the time of Praxiteles, 4th century BC.

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179 179

ROMAN HEAD OF AN EMPEROR OR A MILITARY LEADER 3rd century AD A carved marble bust of a wealthy man with powerful expression, possibly a portrait of the Emperor Carus, close-cropped receding hair to the sides and rear of the head, furrowed brow above deep-set eyes, small fleshy mouth, short beard and moustache; mounted on a custom-made stand. 14.5 kg total, 44cm including stand (17¼"). Fine condition. £25,000 - 35,000 EUR 28,070 - 39,300 USD 34,180 - 47,850 Provenance From a private New York collection; formerly in a private UK collection, acquired before 1977; accompanied by an archaeological report by Dr. Raffaele D’Amato; a copy of the Financial Times 'Trades of the Lost Arts' article and a scholarly note TL5304 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.163226-10062.

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Literature See Bianchi Bandinelli, R., Roma, la fine dell'arte antica, Milano, 1970. Published Milner, C., 'Trades of the Lost Arts', Financial Times, How To Spend It, 24 April 2015, pp.10-11. Footnotes The portrait, for the style and artistic structure, can be compared to the ones of Maximinus Thrax (Musei Capitolini, inv. MC 473, Albani collection), Philip the Arab (Bianchi Bandinelli, 1970, p.25 fig.20, Musei Vaticani, Braccio Nuovo), Trebonianus Gallus (Bianchi Bandinelli, 1970, p. 26, fig.21, New York, the Metropolitan Museum of Art) and to most of the emperors of the third century, like that of Trajan Decius (Musei Capitolini, inv. no. 121). These portraits show merciless energy and indomitable vitality, in a way that Roman portrait sculpture had never shown before. Like in the portrait of Decius, this man is portrayed with bags under his eyes and a harsh facial expression, showing the anxiety felt by this ruler. The wrinkles on his forehead and around his mouth portray him as an intimidating leader. Based on these traits, it can be proposed that this head could represent Emperor Carus of whom only few portraits survive: a marble portrait at the Ostia Museum (Inv. 75), other marble heads in Rome, Antioch and the Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek in Copenhagen, which have been proposed as possible portraits of Carus, though none are well accepted. For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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A MONUMENTAL ROMAN MARBLE PHALLUS 2nd century AD A huge marble phallus in an erect state, with defined gland and detailed corpus cavernosum, the column of tissue of the corpus spongiosum represented running along the front and ending at the gland; mounted on a custom-made rotating display stand. 53.6 kg total, 84cm including stand (33"). Fine condition. Rare. £20,000 - 30,000 EUR 22,460 - 33,690 USD 27,340 - 41,020 Provenance From the property of an Amsterdam antiquarian; acquired at Breda antiques fair in 1982; accompanied by an expertise written by Dr. Raffaele D’Amato and a scholarly note TL5354 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10412-171559.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Literature See Grant, M. & Mulas, A., Eros in Pompeii: The Erotic Art Collection of the Museum of Naples, New York, 1997. Footnotes Many so-called household items, like those recovered from the Pompeii excavations, had clear sexual themes; the intrinsic ubiquity of such images and objects indicates that the customs and habits of ancient Roman culture were much more liberal than most cultures of our day, although it must be emphasised that much of what might seem to us exclusively erotic imagery for example, were likely symbols recalling the fertility of nature in a broad sense, as well as acting as lucky and auspicious talismans. Depictions of the phallus could be used in gardens for example to encourage the production of fertile plants. Herodotus, the ancient Greek historian, documented women wearing large phallic-shaped ornaments the size of a human body in the villages of ancient Dionysia. Phallic reliefs on buildings at such sites are also believed to have been apotropaic devices to ward off evil. In Delos it is still possible to see the truncated remains of monumental phalli, similar to our specimen, dedicated to the god Dionysus, decorated with a phallus/cockerel hybrid.

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ROMAN CHALCEDONY GEMSTONE PHALERA 3rd century AD A cut chalcedony gemstone phalera with four intersecting holes and a five-petalled rosette to the domed upper face, originally forming a part of a set mounted on leather straps. 40.6 grams, 44mm (1¾"). Very fine condition. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,350 - 1,910 USD 1,640 - 2,320 Provenance From an important Austrian collection; formerly with Hermann Historica, Munich, Germany, auction 65, lot 299; in a private collection since the 1970s; accompanied by a scholarly note no.TL5327 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz.

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ROMAN BIFACIAL GNOSTIC MAGICAL GEMSTONE 3rd-4th century AD A jasper gemstone for a pendant with text and decoration; obverse with intaglio scene depicting a standing figure (the god Abrasax?) wearing muscled armour with pendants (pteryges) and feathered headdress holding a spear and offering a thyrsus(?) to a seated robed female with a distaff in her lap, wheel beside her foot, field and border with pseudo-Greek text comprising mainly repeated lambda (), mu (M), epsilon () and alpha (A); chamfered rim with repeated digamma (, F) and other symbols; reverse with similar pseudo-Greek legend in nine transverse lines with border. 6.99 grams, 32mm (1¼"). Very fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 900 - 1,120 USD 1,090 - 1,370

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Provenance Property of a London lady, part of her family's collection; acquired in the 1970s. Literature See King, C.W., The Gnostics and their Remains, London, 1887; Bellermann, J.J., Versuch uber die Gemmen der Alten mit dem Abraxas-Bilde, Berlin, 181719; Betz, H.D., The Greek Magical Papyri in Translation, Including the Demotic Spells. Volume 1, University of Chicago Press, 1996. Footnotes A thyrsus was a fennel stalk covered with ivy, vines and leaves and topped with a pine cone. It was used in some ancient mystery religions as a sacred symbol. Gnosticism is a loose agglomeration of religious ideas and belief systems which originated in the first century AD in the eastern Mediterranean area, chiefly among Jewish sects including the followers of Christ. Aspects of many earlier religious traditions were combined to produce an intellectual environment in which direct knowledge of the divinity was considered achievable through study and esoteric insight.

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ROMAN STANDING BULL GEMSTONE 1st-2nd century AD An ellipsoid onyx plaque with reserved figure of a bull standing on a baseline with head raised. 1.83 grams, 19mm (¾"). Fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 900 - 1,120 USD 1,090 - 1,370 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly acquired before 1970. Footnotes Dr Bonewitz notes: 'Remarkable detail on the bull.'

184

LARGE ROMAN RIBBED GREEN GLASS BOWL 1st century BC-1st century AD A pale green glass bowl with series of twenty tapering, raised ribs formed at regular intervals around the outer face; attractive iridescence over the interior and exterior surfaces; areas of translucence. 472 grams, 22cm (8¾"). Fine condition, repaired. £700 - 900 EUR 790 - 1,010 USD 960 - 1,230 Provenance Acquired by the current in 1998; formerly with Alexander Global Art Ltd. Literature See Harden, D., Masterpieces of Glass: The British Museum, London, 1968, item 52, for type.

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185

ROMAN GLASS BOWL WITH LINEAR DECORATION 1st century BC-1st century AD A shallow glass bowl with slightly dimpled base, wheel-cut grooves on interior around the domed base. 204 grams, 16.5cm (6½"). Fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,120 - 1,570 USD 1,370 - 1,910 Provenance From the collection of a Japanese gentleman, deceased (1970-2010); collected in the 1990s. Literature Cf. Metropolitan Museum of Art, accession number 74.51.296, for similar.

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ROMAN GREEN GLASS JAR WITH TRAIL

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3rd-5th century AD A blue-green jar with bulbous body featuring concentric bands of trailing; rounded and everted rim, deep concave neck, concave base with small central pontil scar; irregular applied zigzag trail around neck; some iridescence; bubbles visible. 82 grams, 83mm (3¼"). Fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,680 - 2,250 USD 2,050 - 2,730 Provenance Property of a central London gentleman; formerly with Sheppard & Cooper in 1992. Literature Cf. Lightfoot, C. S., Ancient Glass In National Museums Scotland, NMSE, 2007, pp.131-132, for comparable examples and discussion; cf. Whitehouse, D., Roman Glass in The Corning Museum Of Glass, Volume Two, New York, 2001, pp.140-162, for comparable examples and discussion.

187

ROMAN GLASS STIRRING ROD 1st-2nd century AD A glass stirring rod with cylindrical stem and oval-shaped ring formed from twisted yellow-green glass with a strand of white-grey, flat, discoid base to the other end. 33 grams, 21.5cm (8½"). Fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 900 - 1,120 USD 1,090 - 1,370 Provenance From a London gentleman, formerly in a Swiss collection 1990s. Literature Cf. Carnegie, B.O., Ancient Glass, Pittsburgh, 1980, item 50, for a comparable example.

187

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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189

ROMAN DANUBIAN VOTIVE PLAQUE COLLECTION

ROMAN DANUBIAN VOTIVE PLAQUE COLLECTION

3rd century AD

3rd century AD

A group of three lead votive trapezoidal and round plaques showing scenes associated with the Danubian cult: on two plaques the god Sol and the goddess Luna are depicted in profile on the right and the left side of the upper part of the section, while on the best preserved plaque their busts are facing, the sun (Helios) crowned by the star diadem, the moon (Selene) by the half moon; at the centre of all plaques, facing Helen of Sparta, the divine daughter of Leda and Zeus, welcoming her divine brothers, the twins Castor and Pollux, both personifying the Danubian rider on horseback; on all plaques both the riders advancing, their cloaks flying back, and on the round plaque they are followed by their loyal hunting dogs; on the lower part of the plaques, foliage and animal symbols representing the divine power and the offerings to the gods on the fields, with scene of sacrifice and tripods; the eagle of Zeus at the top of one plaques, a fish at the top of another one; architectural elements on the background of the trapezoidal plaques. 283 grams total, 81-89mm (3¼ - 3½"). Fine condition. [3] £400 - 600 EUR 450 - 670 USD 550 - 820

A group of four lead votive trapezoidal and round plaques showing scenes associated with the Danubian cult: on three plaques the god Sol and the goddess Luna are depicted in profile on the right and the left side of the upper part of the section, while on one trapezoidal plaque their busts are facing, the sun (Helios) crowned by the star diadem, the moon (Selene) by the half moon; at the centre of all plaques facing Helen of Sparta, the divine daughter of Leda and Zeus, welcoming her divine brothers, the twins Castor and Pollux, both personifying the Danubian rider on horseback; on all plaques both the riders advancing, their cloaks flying back, and the legs of their horses overwhelm the sacrificial victims; on the lower part of the plaques, the cock, the sacred animal of the sun represented on two plaques, tripods, foliage and animal symbols representing the offerings to the gods; on the background of all plaques Cult architectural elements. 381 grams total, 72-89mm (2¾ - 3½"). Fine condition. [4] £600 - 800 EUR 670 - 900 USD 820 - 1,090

Provenance Property of an East Anglian collector; formerly acquired on the European art market in the 1990s. Literature See Beutler F., Farka C., Gugl C., Humer F., Kremer, G. and Pollhammer E.(ed.), Der Adler Roms, Carnuntum und die Armee der Caesaren, Bad Voslau, 2017, cat 67, for similar plaque in bronze. Footnotes The plaques contain a complex iconography of divine figures and symbols, probably to be associated with Thracian or Dacian beliefs of the Lower Danube region, but also with the Greek myth of the divine twins Castor and Pollux (the Dioskuroi), an important element of the Roman religion since the origins, now mixed with the cult of the Danubian rider. Presiding over the whole scene is usually the Sol Invictus (the unconquered sun-god) and his sister the Moon (Selene). His cult originated in the Near East and gained increasing influence under imperial patronage during the third century AD. The state worship of Sol (Greek Helios) was slowly substituted by Constantine's favour towards Christianity since AD 312.

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Provenance Property of an East Anglian collector; formerly acquired on the European art market in the 1990s. Literature See Tudor, D., Corpus Monumentorum Religionis Equitum Danuviorum, 2 vols, Leiden, 1969-1976; Rinaldi Tufi, S., 'I cavalieri danubiani e i loro misteri', in I Daci, Catalogue of the exhibition, Milan 1997, pp.90-91. Footnotes The plaques contain a complex iconography of divine figures and symbols, probably to be associated with Thracian or Dacian beliefs of the Lower Danube region, but also with the Greek myth of the divine twins Castor and Pollux (the Dioskuroi), an important element of the Roman religion since the origins, now mixed with the cult of the Danubian rider. Presiding over the whole scene is usually the Sol Invictus (the unconquered sun-god) and his sister the Moon (Selene). His cult originated in the Near East and gained increasing influence under imperial patronage during the third century AD. The state worship of Sol (Greek Helios) was slowly substituted by Constantine's favour towards Christianity since AD 312. A corpus of 232 known reliefs representing the Danubian horseman has been published by Tudor: most of them were found in Dacia, Moesia and Pannonia.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


190

BYZANTINE GOLD RING WITH CROSSES 6th-8th century AD A gold flat-section hoop with openwork bars alternating with crosses within roundels, punched dots to the field. 2.41 grams, 22.02mm overall, 19.82mm internal diameter (approximate size British G, USA 3¼, Europe 4.92, Japan 4) (1"). Very fine condition. £700 - 900 EUR 790 - 1,010 USD 960 - 1,230

190

Provenance Ex Abelita family collection, 1970s-2000s. Literature See The British Museum, AF.308, for a comparable example.

191

BYZANTINE GOLD RING WITH IMAGE OF CHRIST 6th-7th century AD A gold ring with round-section hoop, rectangular bezel with nimbate bust within beaded border, 'IC XC' above, representing (  XPISTOS) the name of Christ. 5.64 grams, 22.17mm overall, 17.84mm internal diameter (approximate size British O, USA 7, Europe 14.98, Japan 14) (1"). Very fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,680 - 2,250 USD 2,050 - 2,730 Provenance Ex Abelita family collection, 1970s-2000s; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no. 171787/07/12/2020.

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192

BYZANTINE GOLD RING WITH SAINTS AND CROSS 6th-7th century AD A gold finger ring with ellipsoid plaque, intaglio facing nimbate bust of Christ flanked by two smaller busts above a cross with curved baseline. 3.75 grams, 19.12mm overall, 16.56mm internal diameter (approximate size British L, USA 5¾, Europe 11.24, Japan 10) (¾"). Fine condition. £700 - 900 EUR 790 - 1,010 USD 960 - 1,230 Provenance Ex Abelita family collection, 1970s-2000s. Literature Cf. Chadour, A.B., Rings. The Alice and Louis Koch Collection, volume I, Leeds, 1994, item 487, for type.

193

BYZANTINE GOLD MERCHANT'S RING WITH MONOGRAM 6th-7th century AD

192

A gold finger ring with discoid bezel, incuse monogram comprising a cross with letters N, K, A, O. 11.79 grams, 24.15mm overall, 18.70mm internal diameter (approximate size British T, USA 9½, Europe 21.26, Japan 20) (1"). Very fine condition. A large wearable size. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,350 - 1,910 USD 1,640 - 2,320 Provenance Property of a London lady, part of her family's collection; acquired in the 1970s; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no. 170118/07/12/2020. Literature Cf. Wamser, L., Die Welt von Byzanz - Europas Östliches Erbe, München, 2004, item 644, for type.

193

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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BYZANTINE GOLD RING WITH MONOGRAM 6th-7th century AD A gold ring with round-section hoop and discoid bezel with incuse cross monogram. 4.19 grams, 20.53mm overall, 17.57mm internal diameter (approximate size British M, USA 6, Europe 12.46, Japan 12) (¾"). Very fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 670 - 900 USD 820 - 1,090 Provenance Ex Abelita family collection, 1970s-2000s.

194 Literature Cf. Chadour, A.B., Rings The Alice and Louis Koch Collection, Volume I, Leeds, 1994, item 487, for type.

195

BYZANTINE GOLD RING WITH CHRIST PANTOKRATOR AND ANGELS 6th-7th century AD A solid gold ring with round-section hoop and round bezel showing a bust of Christ Pantokrator, below two facing angels bending towards a small equal-armed cross, either side the letters 'X' and 'P'. 10.28 grams, 22.63mm overall, 17.34mm internal diameter (approximate size British L, USA 5¾, Europe 11.24, Japan 10) (1"). Very fine condition. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,490 - 6,740 USD 5,470 - 8,200 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly in the P. Vitalis collection, acquired in 1961; collection number 17; accompanied by a copy of an appraisal by M.D. O'Hara, independent Byzantine expert, dated 1980 and an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no. 172011/07/12/2020; this lot has also been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10506-172011.

195

Literature Cf. British Museum number AF.287, on display at location G41/dc13.

196

BYZANTINE GOLD RING WITH PORTRAIT OF A FEMALE SAINT 10th-12th century AD A gold finger ring with discoid bezel, niello-inlaid nimbate bust of a female saint flanked by 'CN/X'. 4.14 grams, 20.84mm overall, 22.19mm internal diameter (approximate size British M½, USA 6¼, Europe 13.09, Japan 12) (¾"). Very fine condition. £2,500 - 3,500 EUR 2,810 - 3,930 USD 3,420 - 4,790 Provenance From a London gentleman, formerly in a Swiss collection 1990s; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no. 170480/07/12/2020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10521-170480.

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197

BYZANTINE GOLD RING WITH MONOGRAM 6th-7th century AD A gold ring with slender, round-section hoop, applied discoid bezel with a complex niello filled monogram, cross above. 1.47 grams, 18.18mm overall, 15.06mm internal diameter (approximate size British I, USA 4¼, Europe 7.44, Japan 7) (¾"). Very fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 900 - 1,120 USD 1,090 - 1,370 Provenance Ex Abelita family collection, 1970s-2000s. Literature See Chadour, A.B., Rings. The Alice and Louis Koch Collection, volume I, Leeds, 1994, item 487, for type.

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


198

BYZANTINE GOLD ARCHITECTURAL RING 7th century AD A gold finger ring comprising a broad flat-section hoop with applied beaded wire borders and scrolled tendril detailing, architectural bezel with a beaded wire arcade and granules supporting a dome of inset garnet cloisons and central cell with inset garnet disc. 16.36 grams, 34.07mm overall, 21.15mm internal diameter (approximate size British S, USA 9, Europe 20, Japan 19) (1¼"). Very fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,680 - 2,250 USD 2,050 - 2,730 Provenance From the collection of a Surrey gentleman; acquired 1970-1980; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no. 0238/07/12/20.

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Literature Cf. Chadour, A.B., Rings. The Alice and Louis Koch Collection, volume I, Leeds, 1994, item 496, for type.

199

BYZANTINE GOLD RING WITH EMERALD 6th-8th century AD A gold finger ring with parallel outer bands of punched pellets and median band of billets with ring and stroke elements to the shoulders; inverted pyramidal bezel with raised edges, pellets to the upper edge and reserved eagle with spread wings within the panel; upper face with cell and inset polished emerald. 5.39 grams, 32.22mm overall, 17.07mm internal diameter (approximate size British M, USA 6, Europe 12.46, Japan 12) (1¼"). Very fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470 Provenance Property of an English collector; acquired from John Moor, York, UK, in the late 1990s; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, GemA, ref. no.168703/07/12/2020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10455-168703.

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Literature Cf. Chadour, A.B., Rings. The Alice and Louis Koch Collection, volume I, Leeds, 1994, item 497, for type.

200

LATE BYZANTINE GOLD EARRING PAIR WITH DOVES 8th-10th century AD A matched pair of gold hoop earrings with tapering round-section closings and crescentic bodies, each displaying an openwork design of two stylised facing doves flanking a cross pattée, series of shallow dots around an internal border. 25.56 grams total, 48-49mm (2"). Fine condition. [2] £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 2,020 - 2,690 USD 2,460 - 3,280 Provenance Property of a London lady, part of her family's collection; acquired from Mr. H. Zindulka in 1975; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no. 0115/07/12/2020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10547-170115.

200

201

BYZANTINE GOLD CHANDELIER EARRING PAIR 10th-12th century AD A matched pair of elaborate openwork gold earrings, each a hoop with transverse band of pyramidal granulation separated by a wavy line, below a wire loop with pearls and glass beads, two lateral bead pendants and a large central pendant with lozenge plaque with applied wire loops, central garnet cabochon and a pearl above and below, three long coiled wire drops with garnet, pearl and glass beads, two shorter gold bell pendants in between. 14.66 grams total, 84mm each (3¼"). Very fine condition. [2] £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,680 - 2,250 USD 2,050 - 2,730 Provenance From a London gentleman’s collection formed since the 1980s; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no. 171810/07/12/2020. For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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BYZANTINE ELABORATE JEWELLED GOLD EARRING WITH CROSS 6th-7th century AD A substantial gold pendant earring comprising a tapering roundsection open hoop; round-section, articulate chain of 'herringbone' wire 'weave' with spool-shaped collars at both ends; crescentic cell with twisted wire border, set with garnet; two pearl beads at both terminals; central pendant in the form of a cross, the arms set with turquoise blue glass, the centre with garnet, and a pearl bead suspended from three arms; the pearls all vary in shape and colour. 12.64 grams, 10.5cm (2"). Very fine condition. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,250 - 3,370 USD 2,730 - 4,100 Provenance Property of a UK businessman; formerly with Gorny & Mosch, Munich, Germany, 16 December 2015, lot 288 (6,000 euros); ex private collection of N.K., acquired circa 2005; formerly in a German collection, circa 1970s; accompanied by copies of the relevant Gorny & Mosch catalogue pages; an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no. 8786/07/12/20; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10466-168786.

202

Literature Cf. Christie's, 7th December 2011, Lot 449, for an item of jewellery with comparable elements.

203

BYZANTINE GOLD MOUNT OF A SAINT Late 10th-early 11th century AD A teardrop-shaped gold cloisonné mount with facing nimbate figure, much of the original enamel infill in situ, four plaques with Greek crosses to the field. 1.21 grams, 26mm (1"). Fair condition. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,250 - 3,370 USD 2,730 - 4,100 Provenance Ex central London gallery since 2004; previously with Elie Borowski, 1988; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10550-170745.

203

204

BYZANTINE GOLD MOUNT WITH JESUS Late 10th-early 11th century AD A circular gold cloisonné mount with a facing nimbate bust, traces of enamel to the cells, 'IC XC' for Jesus Christ flanking the figure. 0.52 grams, 13mm (½"). Fair condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470 Provenance Ex central London gallery since 2004; previously with Elie Borowski, 1988; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10557-170991.

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BYZANTINE GOLD MOUNT OF A SAINT

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Late 10th-early 11th century AD A circular gold cloisonné mount with a facing nimbate bearded figure, right hand raised and making the Benediction sign; two circular cells to the sides, both with a monogram. 1.01 grams, 18mm (¾"). Fair condition. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,250 - 3,370 USD 2,730 - 4,100 Provenance Ex central London gallery since 2004; previously with Elie Borowski, 1988; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10555-170989.

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


206

BYZANTINE GOLD MOUNT OF SAINT DEMETRIOS 7th century AD A gold repoussé mount with a facing nimbate figure, standing, hands in orans pose, wearing short tunic of zostikion type, boots and cape. 1.19 grams, 23mm (1"). Fair condition. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,250 - 3,370 USD 2,730 - 4,100 Provenance Ex central London gallery since 2004; previously with Elie Borowski, 1988; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10556-170990.

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207

BYZANTINE GOLD CROSS PENDANT 9th-12th century AD A hollow-formed gold cross pendant with slightly expanding tubular arms; one side with applied central floral motif, the other with plain plaque. 4.2 grams, 32.2mm (1¼"). Fine condition. £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 2,020 - 2,690 USD 2,460 - 3,280 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly from an English family collection since 1970; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10567172010.

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BYZANTINE GOLD CHAIN AND CROSS PENDANT WITH GARNET 10th-12th century AD A substantial gold necklace composed of a loop chain and cross pendant, the chain with hook-and-loop closure with articulated discoid plaque, the plaque element with a raised cell with applied foliate scrolls and beaded collar to base; the solid gold cross pendant with articulated loop and central garnet cabochon with ivy-leaf claws, expanding and stepped conical arms. 39.59 grams, 58cm (22¾"). Very fine condition. £8,000 - 10,000 EUR 8,980 - 11,230 USD 10,940 - 13,670 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly in the P. Vitalis collection, acquired in 1961; collection number 39; accompanied by a copy of an appraisal by M.D. O'Hara, independent Byzantine expert, dated 1980; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10534-172009. Literature See Metropolitan Museum of Art, accession number 17.190.1650, for a similar chain; see Cormack, R. and Vassilaki, M., edn., Byzantium, Royal Academy of Arts, London, 2008, p.224, fig.193, for a gold cross with articulated suspension loop.

208

209

BYZANTINE GOLD CROSS PENDANT NECKLACE 6th-8th century AD A restrung necklace composed of graduated blue glass beads of mainly oblate form and six later gilt beads; a large gold expanding arm cross pendant with grooved arms, a raised cross-shaped cell to the centre with sky blue glass insert; modern clasp. 47.74 grams, 52cm (20½"). Fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; previously acquired on the UK art market in the 1990s; formerly in a 1980s collection. Literature See Wamser, L., Die Welt von Byzanz - Europas Östliches Erbe, München, 2004, p.310, items 512-513, for cross type; see also Wamser, L. and Zahlhaas, G., Rom und Byzanz. Archaologische Kostbarkeiten aus Bayern, München, 1999, p.196, item 273, for cross type.

209

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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210

210

BYZANTINE SILVER-GILT PRIEST'S ALTAR GROUP 6th-7th century AD A mixed group of silver-gilt liturgical items comprising: a hanging lamp with flared foot, carinated segmented body, flared neck with band of repoussé quatrefoils and florets, rolled rim, three suspension chains with loops and hook; a hollow piriform finial, possibly from a throne or a standard finial, with ropework collar and vertical tendril bands with pellets alternating with plain segments; a two-part vestment clasp set, each half formed as a parcel-gilt scallop shell with flared rim and pierced trapezoidal plaque, hook-and-eye hinge. 201 grams total, 90110mm (3½ - 4¼"). Very fine condition. £30,000 - 40,000 EUR 33,690 - 44,910 USD 41,020 - 54,690 Provenance Property of a Surrey gentleman; formerly from the private collection of a Canadian gentleman; from his father's collection formed 1965-1990; accompanied by an archaeological report by Dr. Raffaele D’Amato, Art Loss Register certificate numbers S001261511, S001261512 & S001261513, dated 5 September 2017 and a copy of a photograph taken prior to professional

92

cleaning; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10373167792. Literature Cf. Spier, J., Treasures of the Ferrell Collection, Wiesbaden, 2010, p.278, item 198, for the companion piece to the hanging lamp; ibid item 213 (finial) and 214 (clasps); accompanied by copies of the relevant book pages; a similar finial, with a suggested origin from Constantinople, was in the collection of the Haddad Brothers, and exhibited at the Frieze Masters Collection in 2017; see also for comparison the artistic elements RGZM, Byzanz, Pracht und Alltag, Mainz, 2010. Footnotes Hanging lamps, of different dimensions, were used to create the spiritual atmosphere surrounding the Divine Liturgy. Light was important not only from a practical point of view but also symbolically. The parcel gilt flask, if not the finial of a throne, episcopal chair or church labarum (standard), could be a miniature version of a large ceramic oil or wine container with a pointed base for setting them in sand at the cargo hold of a ship, and was probably used as a small flask for myrrh, the liturgical oil. The ornamented wreath border between shoulder and neck of the finial is a typical Byzantine decoration in the workshops active in the Imperial capital of Constantinople, as attested on a vase in the same ornament and style preserved in the Louvre collections (RGZM, 2010, p.173).

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


211

BYZANTINE SILVER-GILT CROSS WITH SAINT GEORGE 14th century AD A silver-gilt cross engraved with a standing figure of St George in the centre, fully armoured and wearing a epilĂłrikion (cuirass over garment) over his scale (klivanion) or quilted armour, spear (kontĂĄri) in his right hand, a small shield (cheiroskoutarion) in his left hand; busts of saints are represented at the ends of the upper and side arms; around the saint engraved inscriptions ' ( )  ()C', for Saint George; suspension ring for attachment to a chain or leather strap to the top. 38.1 grams, 81mm (3Âź"). Very fine condition. ÂŁ1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,120 - 1,570 USD 1,370 - 1,910

211

Provenance From the property of an Essex private collector; acquired in the early 1990s. Literature See Ross, M., Catalogue of the Byzantine and early mediaeval antiquities in the Dumbarton oaks collection, volume 2, jewelry, enamels and art of the Migration Period, Washington, 1965(2005). Footnotes It is highly probable that the cross belonged to a soldier of the Roman army, worn as protection on the battleďŹ eld. The lettering and the workmanship, as well as the military equipment, suggest a 14th century date. The cross ďŹ nds a near identical parallel in a pectoral cross of the Dumbarton Oaks collection (inv.53.12.88, s. Ross, 1965, p.77 n.103). Like in the Washington specimen, the ďŹ gures on the ends of the cross are probably to be identiďŹ ed as St. Nicholas (top), St. Basil (left) and St. Gregorios on the right.

212

212

BYZANTINE SILVER BUCKLE WITH AMPHORA AND CROSS 5th-6th century AD A silver buckle comprising a kidney-shaped loop and D-section tongue, hollow-formed rectangular plate with repoussĂŠ design of an amphora with vine emerging from the top, cross pommy motif; belt plaque with loop below fixed over the tongue. 40.9 grams, 52mm (2"). Very fine condition. ÂŁ3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470 Provenance Ex Mr L.W. in 2005; formerly in an old private Israeli collection, since the 1990s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certiďŹ cate number no. 10372-168771.

213

BYZANTINE SGRAFFITO CHALICE WITH BIRD 12th-early 13th century AD A part-glazed ceramic sgraffito bowl with carinated body, slightly everted rim and flared foot; interior with geometric band above a stylised standing bird, the upper part of the exterior decorated with a circumferential band of foliate designs; from Lusignan Cyprus. 476 grams, 12.5cm (5"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] ÂŁ600 - 800 EUR 670 - 900 USD 820 - 1,090

213

Provenance Ex central London gallery since 2012; formerly with Bonhams, New Bond Street, 29 April 2009, lot 275 [part]; accompanied by copies of the relevant catalogue pages.

214

BYZANTINE OSTRICH EGG CUP WITH CHRISTIAN SYMBOLS Circa 12th century AD A cut ostrich egg half with low-relief decoration to the exterior; a cross with two strap arms running 12-6 o'clock and 3-9 o'clock, geometric motifs in each quarter. 85 grams, 12cm (4ž"). Fine condition; repaired. [No Reserve] £500 - 700 EUR 560 - 790 USD 680 - 960 Provenance Ex central London gallery; acquired on the central London art market in 2004.

214

For charges payable in addition to the ďŹ nal hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

93


215

EARLY BYZANTINE PLAQUE DECORATED WITH FIGURE 5th-6th century AD A sheet-bronze rectangular plaque with engraved design of a crowned standing figure, holding a sceptre and a military standard, wearing substantial robes with the feet facing left. 41 grams, 11cm (4¼"). Very fine condition, pierced. £500 - 700 EUR 560 - 790 USD 680 - 960 Provenance Property of an East Sussex, UK, teacher; previously with a Suffolk, UK, gentleman.

215

216

BYZANTINE HOLY BREAD STAMP OF PETER 5th-7th century AD A substantial cross-shaped ecclesiastical stamp for communion bread (Prosphora or Blessed bread, antidoron), a monogram in Greek letters reading '  ' (of Peter) followed by the letters KA, ring handle soldered to back. 70 grams, 50mm (2"). Very fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 560 - 790 USD 680 - 960 Provenance Property of an Austrian private collector since the 1970s. Literature See Wamser, L., Die Welt von Byzanz - Europas Östliches Erbe, München, 2004, items 725-726, for type and discussion. Footnotes The bigger stamps of bronze are generally known in the relevant literature as bread stamps. This applied to the bread which is consecrated during the Holy Liturgy and then it is given to the believers as Body of Christ (Prosphora) during the Holy Communion, as well as to the bread which is given as a present at the end of the Liturgy, as 'Blessed bread' or Antidoron. Usually, in the Post-Byzantine Age the true bread for the Holy Liturgy (Amnos or Prosphora) is squared or round, but in the Roman times various and different shapes of stamps were used for both breads. The monogram represents the name of the owner, probably the Presbyter using it.

216 217

BYZANTINE RELIQUARY CROSS PENDANT 10th-12th century AD A large bronze enkolpion reliquary cross pendant comprising two hinged plates and an articulated suspension loop with vertical rib; obverse with facing nimbate figure in orans pose with feathers, legend 'OA EOPHOC' (St George); reverse with hatched panels and five inset glass cloisons. 130 grams, 12cm (4¾"). Very fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 670 - 900 USD 820 - 1,090 Provenance From the collection of a Surrey gentleman; acquired 1970-1980. Literature Cf. Wamser, L., Die Welt von Byzanz - Europas Östliches Erbe, München, 2004, item 270.

217

94

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


218

BYZANTINE ICON OF SAINT JOHN CHRYSOSTOM 12th-13th century AD A steatite icon with nimbate Saint John Chrysostom facing, dressed in ecclesiastical bishop's robes, omophorion around his neck, in a sticharion tunic and the outer phelonion, a patriarchal cross in his right hand and the Gospel on his left arm. 13.9 grams, 40mm (1½"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 560 - 790 USD 680 - 960 Provenance From the collection of a Surrey gentleman; acquired 1970-1980. Literature See Wamser, L., Die Welt von Byzanz - Europas Östliches Erbe, Mßnchen, 2004, items 209-214, for type. Footnotes In the 10th century, icons cut from steatite still showed clear parallels to carved ivory icons. In the 11th and 12th centuries they moved away from the models and developed into an independent art genre. In 13th century, we can note that the icons became more three-dimensional. Steatite icons were used for private piety and were often carried along by their owners, which led to the wear and tear of the surfaces.

218

219

BYZANTINE RELIQUARY CROSS PENDANT 10th-11th century AD A large bronze enkolpion reliquary cross pendant, comprising two narrow hinged plates and articulated suspension loop with two vertical ribs; obverse with Jesus Christ on the cross, dressed with a long robe (colobium) and two small figures of evangelists on His side, under the arms the Greek inscription '  ' (Jesus Christos Nika = Jesus Christ is victorious), over His head the titulum (INRI), and the sun and the moon; on the tabula ansata of the titulum is reported the Greek inscription  fur X; reverse with Theotokos (Mother of God) in orans pose and the four nimbate busts of the evangelists, with the Gospels in their hands, surrounded at the four arms of the cross, with the initials of their names incised: ,,,. 132 grams, 10.6cm (4Âź"). Very fine condition. ÂŁ800 - 1,000 EUR 900 - 1,120 USD 1,090 - 1,370 Provenance Property of an Austrian collector; previously from a private collection formed between 1965-1975. Literature See Wamser, L., Die Welt von Byzanz - Europas Ă–stliches Erbe, MĂźnchen, 2004, item 258, for type; Cormack R., Vassilaki M., Byzantium 330-1453, London, 2008, p.226, n.197.

219

Footnotes This enkolpion is a beautiful example of a 10th century prototype of pendant cross that was widespread in the 11th-12th centuries. Strangely enough, the image of Saint John and of the Virgin Mary at the sides of the cruciďŹ ed Jesus is substituted by the iconography of two evangelists. This aspect demonstrates the many variants of enkolpia existing throughout the Roman empire in this period of the new Byzantine art, due to the new political and artistic vigour of the Macedonian dynasty.

220

BYZANTINE TRADE WEIGHT COLLECTION Mainly 10th-12th century AD A mixed group of bronze trade weights comprising: two discoid with balustered rim, one with pointillé '' notation, the other with zigzag border '' and a cross; eight square with various symbols including 'A', 'IB', 'SN', 'N' and others. 370 grams total, 18-40mm (¾ - 1½"). Fine condition. [10] £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,120 - 1,570 USD 1,370 - 1,910 Provenance Ex Abelita family collection, 1970s-2000s.

220

For charges payable in addition to the ďŹ nal hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

95


Western Asiatic Also see lots 1204 - 1516

96

Lots 221 - 299 For charges payable in addition to the ďŹ nal hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


221

223

222

224

221

223

LARGE WESTERN ASIATIC CYLINDER SEAL WITH CONTEST SCENE

OLD BABYLONIAN CYLINDER SEAL WITH PRESENTATION SCENE 2nd millennium BC

2nd millennium BC A large black jasper cylinder seal with frieze depicting a hero grasping the horns of two addorsed rearing human-headed bulls, each with a lion attacking from behind, sacred tree forming a terminal; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 35.6 grams, 36mm (1½"). Very fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 670 - 900 USD 820 - 1,090 Provenance The Signo collection, the property of a West London businessman, formed in the late 1980s-early 1990s; item number Y-169; academically researched and catalogued by the late Professor Lambert in the early 1990s.

222

WESTERN ASIATIC JEMDET NASR TYPE CYLINDER SEAL WITH FEMALES 4th-3rd millennium BC A jasper cylinder seal with frieze of women with staffs; accompanied by a museum-quality impression and typed and signed scholarly note issued by W.G. Lambert, late Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham, 1970-1993, which states: 'Cylinder Seal of Black Stone 19 x 18 mm. The design is a frieze of four walking women with plaits and wearing longish robes each holding up a standard with pear-shaped top. This is a Jemdet Nasr seal, from Mesopotamia or south-west Iran, c. 3000 B.C. It is a less common design and is in unusually good condition.' 13.7 grams, 19mm (¾"). Very fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 450 - 670 USD 550 - 820 Provenance The Signo collection, the property of a West London businessman, formed in the late 1980s-early 1990s; item number W-613; academically researched and catalogued by the late Professor Lambert in the early 1990s.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

A white jasper cylinder seal with frieze of figures and cuneiform inscription; accompanied by a museum-quality impression and typed and signed scholarly note issued by W.G. Lambert, late Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham, 1970-1993, which states: 'Cylinder Seal of White Marble 23 x 15 mm. A presentation scene is shown. On the right is a seated deity in hat and long robe, on padded stool, raising one hand. Facing him stands a worshipper with bare head and wearing long robe, raising one hand. On the left is a Lamma goddess raising both hands. There is a crescent in the sky and three fillers: 'vessel', 'ball-staff' and monkey. A three-line cuneiform inscription apparently named the ancient owner, but that has been largely scraped off, no doubt by a second owner in the ancient world. This is an Old Babylonian seal, c.1900-1600 B.C. It is in an unusual stone for the period, but is worn apart from the erased inscription.' 10 grams, 23mm (1"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 450 - 670 USD 550 - 820 Provenance The Signo collection, the property of a West London businessman, formed in the late 1980s-early 1990s; item number W-430; academically researched and catalogued by the late Professor Lambert in the early 1990s.

224

VERY LARGE WESTERN ASIATIC CYLINDER SEAL WITH SACRED TREE 3rd millennium BC A very large limestone cylinder seal with incised design of a human figure in active pose with arms raised beside a sacred tree; concentric rings and pellets in the field. 52 grams, 46mm (1¾"). Very fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 670 - 900 USD 820 - 1,090 Provenance The Signo collection, the property of a West London businessman, formed in the late 1980s-early 1990s; item number 9(?)-B; academically researched and catalogued by the late Professor Lambert in the early 1990s.

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225

ASSYRIAN CYLINDER SEAL WITH COMBAT SCENE 2nd millennium BC A carnelian cylinder seal with intaglio frieze of a winged god in fringed robe stepping forward with a khopesh in one hand seizing the extended foreleg of a rearing gryphon with bearded head, extended wings, curved tail beneath a starburst and crescent; bronze spindle still present in the vertical hole; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 10 grams, 31mm (1¼"). Very fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,680 - 2,250 USD 2,050 - 2,730 Provenance From a London gentleman, formerly in a Swiss collection 1990s.

226

LARGE WESTERN ASIATIC CYLINDER SEAL WITH COMBAT SCENE 13th-9th century BC A substantial serpentine cylinder seal with frieze of two combat scenes, each a hero stabbing a rearing lion beneath a star and crescent moon, with two columns of cuneiform text between; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 16.6 grams, 31mm (1¼"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 450 - 670 USD 550 - 820 Provenance The Signo collection, the property of a West London businessman, formed in the late 1980s-early 1990s; item number 1903; academically researched and catalogued by the late Professor Lambert in the early 1990s.

an original typed and signed scholarly note by Professor Wilfrid George Lambert.

229

EARLY DYNASTIC II CYLINDER SEAL WITH CONTEST SCENE 27th-26th century BC A substantial serpentine cylinder seal with contest scene; accompanied by a museum-quality impression and typed and signed scholarly note issued by W.G. Lambert, late Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham, 1970-1993, which states: 'Cylinder seal of Black Stone 31 x 28 mm. The design is a contest frieze of nine creature, [sic] all standing on their hind legs. Two heroes, the one nude save for triple-stranded belt, the other with bird's wings at the waist, are both succouring a horned animal on each side and the remaining space is filled with two crossed lions and a hero with strange frontal face and spiky hair. A tall pole and another item are fillers. This is a seal in the Early Dynastic II style, from North Mesopotamia or eastern Syria, c. 2700-2600 B.C. It has a very full design and though the seal is a little worn, the design remains clear.' 42 grams, 31mm (1¼"). Fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 670 - 900 USD 820 - 1,090 Provenance The Signo collection, the property of a West London businessman, formed in the late 1980s-early 1990s; item number W-608; academically researched and catalogued by the late Professor Lambert in the early 1990s.

230

MASSIVE SUMERIAN CYLINDER SEAL WITH CONTEST SCENE 3rd millennium BC

227

LARGE WESTERN ASIATIC CYLINDER SEAL WITH CONTEST SCENE AND SYMBOL FOR GODDESS INANNA 23rd-22nd century BC A substantial limestone cylinder seal with heroes and bulls; accompanied by a museum-quality impression and typed and signed scholarly note issued by W.G. Lambert, late Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham, 1970-1993, which states: 'Cylinder Seal of Grey Stone 32 x 21 mm. The design shows a contest scene of two matching pairs: hero in short kilt grappling with a rearing buffalo. To the left is a rearing lion holding up a 'gate-post' standard. This is an Akkadian seal, c. 2300-2200 B.C., with a classic design, reflecting the military might of the ruling dynasty: the heroes fight big animals with their bare hands. The seal is medium size and in fine condition. The 'gate-post' was the symbol of the goddess Innna.' 25.1 grams, 32mm (1¼"). Very fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 450 - 670 USD 550 - 820 Provenance The Signo collection, the property of a West London businessman, formed in the late 1980s-early 1990s; item number W-633; academically researched and catalogued by the late Professor Lambert in the early 1990s; accompanied by an original typed and signed scholarly note by Professor Wilfrid George Lambert.

228

AKKADIAN CYLINDER SEAL WITH CONTEST SCENE 23rd-22nd century BC A substantial jasper cylinder seal with combat scenes; accompanied by a museum-quality impression and typed and signed scholarly note issued by W.G. Lambert, late Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham, 1970-1993, which states: 'Cylinder seal of Black and Green Stone 34 x 22 mm. A contest scene of two symmetrically arranged pairs is shown. A rearing lion is biting the neck of a rearing bull with human face, which is unrinating [sic] in fright. A band of three lines connects the bulls and a tree with bushy top serves as a terminal. This is an Akkadian seal from Mesopotamia or south-west Iran, c. 2300-2200 B.C. It is large and in very good condition.' 27.9 grams, 34mm (1¼"). Very fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 670 - 900 USD 820 - 1,090 Provenance The Signo collection, the property of a West London businessman, formed in the late 1980s-early 1990s; item number W-441; academically researched and catalogued by the late Professor Lambert in the early 1990s; accompanied by

98

A huge limestone cylinder seal with high-relief scene of a hero in profile gripping the neck and tail of a rearing ibex, second profile winged figure formed from the conjoined bodies of two rearing animals, objects in the field; accompanied by a museum-quality impression. 72 grams, 58mm (2¼"). Fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 670 - 900 USD 820 - 1,090 Provenance The Signo collection, the property of a West London businessman, formed in the late 1980s-early 1990s; academically researched and catalogued by the late Professor Lambert in the early 1990s.

231

WESTERN ASIATIC STAMP AND CYLINDER SEAL COLLECTION 3rd-2nd millennium BC A fine collection of stone seals comprising: a Bactrian agate cylinder seal with standing bull and elephant; a Bactrian agate cylinder seal with bull and lion; a Bactrian lapis lazuli cylinder seal with birdman; a Bactrian lapis lazuli cylinder seal with ibex and lion; a Kassites Luristan lapis lazuli cylinder seal with standing and seated figures; one Ugarit period haematite cylinder seal with figures and animals; and a limestone cylinder seal with two birds and palm tree; four Bactrian massive haematite bifacial stamp seals with men and animals; accompanied by eleven museum-quality impressions. 14.9 grams total, 23-38mm (1 - 1½"). Fine condition. An impressive group. [11] £5,000 - 7,000 EUR 5,610 - 7,860 USD 6,840 - 9,570 Provenance Property of a central London gentleman; previously with Mahboubian Gallery of Ancient Art, New York; first part of the collection acquired in 1968 from Gallery Rosen Ancient Art, New York, USA, and the second part was acquired from Boisgirard and Associes, Arts d'Orient Archéologie, Paris, 5 April 2013, lot 6; accompanied by a copy of the purchase invoice for $8,200, dated 28 November 1968; and by the relevant Boisgirard and Associes, Arts d'Orient Archéologie catalogue pages; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10568-170876.

232

NEO-ASSYRIAN STAMP SEAL WITH HERO AND STAG 8th-7th century BC An agate stamp seal with swirling veins of brown and blue-grey, the underside engraved with a bearded hero grappling with a rearing stag on a ground line, the hero grasping the animal's antlers in one hand, For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


225

230

226

227

228

231

229

232

holding a mace in the other, a two-character device in the field to the right; pierced for suspension. 12.5 grams, 23mm (1"). Very fine condition. ÂŁ1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,350 - 1,910 USD 1,640 - 2,320

For charges payable in addition to the ďŹ nal hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Provenance Private English collection; previously with Francesca Artuner, Brussels, Belgium, 1992; formerly with P.N. Barbier, Belgium, 1981.

99


233

WESTERN ASIATIC STAMP SEAL WITH WORSHIP SCENE 233

2nd millennium BC A carved banded agate stamp seal with intaglio motif of a worshipper and two starburst motifs. 10.9 grams, 26mm (1"). Very fine condition. £700 - 900 EUR 790 - 1,010 USD 960 - 1,230 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly acquired before 1970.

234

LARGE WESTERN ASIATIC BANDED AGATE BEAD 4th-3rd millennium BC A large oval wafer-shaped bead of banded agate with translucent centre and fine natural banding to the edges. 30 grams, 56.8mm (2¼"). Fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 900 - 1,120 USD 1,090 - 1,370 234

Provenance From the collection of a Japanese gentleman, deceased (1970-2010); collected in the 1990s.

235

BABYLONIAN SIN-IDDINAM CUNEIFORM BARREL Reign of Sin-Iddinam, 1785-1778 BC A ceramic barrel-shaped writing tablet with dense cuneiform text to the sidewall. 1.1 kg, 14.5cm (5¾"). Fair condition. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,250 - 3,370 USD 2,730 - 4,100 Provenance Ex central London gallery; acquired August 1999 from a UK dealer; acquired by them from an Oxford academic, from a UK collection formed before 1992; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10324-166483.

236

LARGE OLD BABYLONIAN CUNEIFORM TABLET WITH A FIELD PLAN 20th-18th century BC

235

A pillow-shaped clay tablet with a field plan to one side, the other side with calculations regarding the plan; accompanied by a copy of a handwritten scholarly note which states: 'Field Plan. 76mm x 50mm. Old Babylonian, Ca. 2000-1800 BC. This shows two field plots on the obverse with their length and width measurements given along their edges. The reverse contains calculations based on these measurements concerning areas and related agricultural matters. With further endeavour more sense could be made of this tablet but it probably represents a school exercise, as it is known that the trainee scribes had to practice such calculations.' 120 grams, 80mm (3"). Fine condition, repaired. Rare. [No Reserve] £500 - 700 EUR 560 - 790 USD 680 - 960 Provenance Ex central London gallery; acquired on the UK art market in 1998; formerly from an old London collection formed before 1992; believed examined by the late Professor Wilfrid George Lambert FBA (1926-2011), historian, archaeologist, and specialist in Assyriology and Near Eastern archaeology in the late 1980s and early 1990s; and accompanied by a copy of a re-written and unsigned scholarly note, the original possibly by the Professor; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10327-166500.

236

100

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


237

LARGE WESTERN ASIATIC CUNEIFORM TABLET 3rd-2nd millennium BC A large clay tablet with cuneiform script to both sides, one side with tight lines of script, the other side with an empty central column and three further empty columns to the sides, cuneiform script in between, possibly representing a map. 627 grams, 16cm (6¼"). Fair condition, repaired. [No Reserve] £500 - 700 EUR 560 - 790 USD 680 - 960

237

Provenance Ex central London gallery; acquired on the UK art market in 1999; formerly with Maggs Bros, London, WC1; previously in a UK collection formed before 1992; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10321-166474.

238

WESTERN ASIATIC SCRIBAL PRACTICE TABLET 19th-16th century BC A ceramic scribal practice tablet with sixteen lines of cuneiform text; the same text appearing on both flat faces allowing reconstruction of the original, a practice model contract reading (after editing): obverse '[x units] of dates / from Ri.../ Shu .../ received / in month II / the dates and their interest / at the prevailing rate of the land / 10 kor' reverse '[x units] of dates of good quality ... / [from name] ... received ... / in month II / the dates and their interest / at the royal rate / he will weigh out / [...]'; supplied with a collector's note. 136 grams, 76mm (3"). Fair condition. £700 - 900 EUR 790 - 1,010 USD 960 - 1,230

238

Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly in a private Swiss collection, acquired from L'étoile d'Ishtar Galerie d'Archeologie in the 1980s.

239

LARGE TEPE SIALK SPOUTED VESSEL WITH BIRDS 9th-8th century BC A substantial ochre-coloured vessel with globular body and flat base, short spout with loop handle above, larger strap handle opposite; decorated in reddish-brown with large chequered lozenge band at the top on either side; on side one: a wide band of three triangles, each containing several birds of various sizes; on side two: a complex geometric design of graduating triangles, with two scrolls, a bird and two stylised trees. 2.8 kg, 29cm (11½"). Fine condition, chip to spout. £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 2,020 - 2,690 USD 2,460 - 3,280 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with the Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10553-170855.

239

240

LARGE HOLY LAND BICHROME VASE 1st millennium BC A substantial piriform vessel with slightly raised foot and trumpetshaped everted rim, chocolate on white linear design between triangles, with single strap handle to the shoulder. 3.1 kg, 34.5cm (13½"). Very fine condition. A very imposing example of this classic type. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,120 - 1,570 USD 1,370 - 1,910 Provenance From the collection of a Japanese gentleman, deceased (1970-2010); collected in the 1990s.

240

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

101


241

NABATAEAN WINE JAR WITH DECORATED BODY 3rd-1st century BC A fine example of a classic terracotta vessel type with bulbous biconical body and applied strap handle, long narrow neck and everted rim; painted leafy branches to the body and neck. 252 grams, 17.5cm (7"). Fine condition, rim chipped. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,250 - 3,370 USD 2,730 - 4,100 Provenance From a family collection formed before 1992; by descent before 1992, London and Geneva.

242

LARGE JEWISH BOWL WITH INCANTATION AGAINST EVIL SPIRITS 4th-8th century AD

241

A ceramic flat-based bowl, inscribed in spiral from the bottom inner wall to the rim with a magic Aramaic text. 274 grams, 16.5cm (6½"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 560 - 790 USD 680 - 960 Provenance From a family collection formed before 1992; by descent before 1992, London and Geneva. Literature Cf. The Israel Museum, Jerusalem, accession number: 80.001.0001. Footnotes These simple ceramic bowls, also known as magic bowls, each contain an Aramaic inscription, written in ink, which spirals from the centre. The bowls seem to have played an important part in domestic life. For example, during excavation in Nippur in 1889, one or more incantation bowls were found in each house together with domestic artefacts, most often in doorways or under floorboards in the corner of rooms. The bowls are predominantly apotropaic, and the inscriptions tend to protect their owners from misfortunes such as death of a child, illness and evil spirits.

243

AMLASH STEATOPYGOUS IDOL Early 1st millennium BC

242

A standing female idol with exaggerated broad hips and short legs tapering to small feet, the arms formed as stumps held at right angles to the body, small rounded breasts, long neck and globular head with high hair ornament behind, with double-pierced ears, reverse with a vertical groove indicating the spine; mounted on custom-made display stand. 290 grams total, 18cm including stand (7"). Fine condition. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,250 - 3,370 USD 2,730 - 4,100 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; acquired on the London art market before 2000; previously in a UK collection; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10422-171561. Literature A nearly identical example, of a shorter size, at Christie's, Paris 'Archeologie: Collection Pierre et Claude Verite' auction sale 1063, December 20, 2011, lot 9. Footnotes Idol figures like this example have been uncovered throughout north-western Iran and the southwestern areas of the Caspian Sea and are some of the region's most enigmatic artefacts. Steatopygous idols as a figural category are understood to be symbolic of fertility, virility, and human sexuality, however the specific symbolic interpretation of these idols is still under discussion among the archaeologists.

244

POST SASSANIAN TUBULAR MANUSCRIPT HOLDER 6th-8th century AD A slender tubular glass manuscript holder with bulbous base to one end, some iridescence to the surface. 125 grams, 25.5cm (10"). Very fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 670 - 900 USD 820 - 1,090 243

102

Provenance Property of a London gentleman; acquired on the London art market before 2000; previously in a UK collection.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


244 245

ACHAEMENID GLASS KOHL BOTTLE 6th-4th century BC An attractive core-formed polychrome opaque glass kohl bottle with a tapering, square-section body, slightly convex base, rounded neck, rolled rim and a raised knop at each shoulder; a brown-black body decorated with a white 'feather' pattern between bands of yellow and white, with alternating yellow, white and brown 'ropework' design to the rim; accompanied by a custom-made display stand. 30.8 grams total, 85mm including stand (3½"). Fine condition. £6,000 - 8,000 EUR 6,740 - 8,980 USD 8,200 - 10,940

245

Provenance From a royal middle eastern collection, acquired in the 1990s; with collection label 12891YC, and 8512 and 12891YC to the stand; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10441-170140. Literature See The British Museum, item number 135125, for a similar example; see Christie's, London, 25 October 2006, Lot 33, for a comparable item.

246

SASSANIAN GREEN CUT GLASS FOOTED VESSEL 4th-6th century AD A green glass bowl with flared foot, rounded rim and sidewall bands of facetting. 587 grams, 18cm (7"). Fine condition; repaired. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; acquired on the London art market in the 2000; formerly in a private UK collection, formed in the 1980s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10338-168473.

246

Literature Cf. Whitehouse, D., Sasanian and Post-Sasanian Glass in the Corning Museum of Glass, New York, 2005, item 57, for type.

247

SASSANIAN BUTTON GLASS BOWL 6th-7th century AD A substantial cut glass bowl with ring of seven large disc studs below the rim and seven smaller beneath, disc base. 779 grams, 14.2cm (5½"). Fine condition, repaired. £5,000 - 7,000 EUR 5,610 - 7,860 USD 6,840 - 9,570 Provenance From an important London collection; previously in a private UK collection, formed 1983; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.16349210078. Literature Cf. similar item in the Corning Museum of Glass, New York, accession number 61.1.11.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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WESTERN ASIATIC GOLD AND BANDED AGATE NECKLACE 1st millennium BC A restrung necklace with a large central banded agate elbow bead, a gold cap with granulation to each end; flanked by two fusiform banded agate beads, each with open flower-shaped gold caps with ropework and granulation to petals; the back of the necklace composed of biconical lapis lazuli beads interspersed with spherical gold beads; modern S-clasp. 59 grams, 48cm (19"). Fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470 Provenance Property of a respected gentleman, from his private collection formed 19652020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10524-171138.

249

WESTERN ASIATIC GARNET BEAD NECKLACE WITH LARGE GOLD CAGE PENDANTS 1st millennium BC and later A restrung necklace of graduated barrel-shaped gold and irregular

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garnet beads with five openwork pendants, each formed as six hoops, trumpet-shaped finial and feline head with loop to the top; modern clasp. 125 grams, 48.5cm (19¼"). Very fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470 Provenance Property of a respected gentleman, from his private collection formed 19652020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10523-171144.

250

WESTERN ASIATIC GOLD AND GARNET NECKLACE 1st millennium BC A restrung necklace composed of spherical garnet and glass beads interspersed with gold seed beads, eight gold clad spherical beads with granule finial, central gold radiating sun pendant with inset garnets and green jasper(?) gemstones; modern clasp. 41 grams, 45cm (17¾"). Very fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470 Provenance Property of a respected gentleman, from his private collection formed 19652020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10515-171148.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


251

253

252

251

WESTERN ASIATIC GOLD AND BANDED AGATE NECKLACE 1st millennium BC A restrung necklace with a large banded agate elbow bead as a central feature, each end with a gold cap with granulation to the rim; flanked by gold-capped ellipsoid banded agate beads and hollow spherical gold beads; each side of the necklace with graduated irregular garnet beads and hollow spherical gold beads; modern Sclasp. 87 grams, 47cm (18½"). Fine condition. £2,500 - 3,500 EUR 2,810 - 3,930 USD 3,420 - 4,790 Provenance Property of a respected gentleman, from his private collection formed 19652020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10525-171143.

252

WESTERN ASIATIC GOLD AND LAPIS LAZULI BEAD NECKLACE 1st millennium BC A restrung necklace composed of small annular lapis lazuli beads interspersed with small gold beads and larger spherical gold beads with pendants; central gold pendant formed of three conjoined bosses, four flanking gold openwork pendants with three rows of

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

raised bosses, punched plaque beneath and two further grape bunch pendants; modern clasp. 19.13 grams, 42cm (16½"). Very fine condition. £2,500 - 3,500 EUR 2,810 - 3,930 USD 3,420 - 4,790 Provenance Property of a respected gentleman, from his private collection formed 19652020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10569-171149.

253

WESTERN ASIATIC GOLD AND CRYSTAL BEAD NECKLACE WITH TRIPLE BICONE PENDANT 1st millennium BC A restrung necklace composed of large biconical gold and rock crystal beads with small spherical garnet beads, central pendant formed of three conjoined biconical beads; modern clasp. 52.34 grams, 51cm (20"). Very fine condition. £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 2,020 - 2,690 USD 2,460 - 3,280 Provenance Property of a respected gentleman, from his private collection formed 19652020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10561-171134.

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WESTERN ASIATIC GOLD AND BANDED AGATE NECKLACE 1st millennium BC A restrung necklace composed of tubular banded agate beads and later biconical gold beads; the central feature composed of two rows of beads with three sets of conjoined large banded agate beads, the central ones showing fine quartz crystal formation within the stone, the agate beads gold-capped, each cap with applied wire and granule decoration to the rim; modern clasp. 68.32 grams, 45cm (17¾"). Very fine condition. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,490 - 6,740 USD 5,470 - 8,200 Provenance Property of a respected gentleman, from his private collection formed 19652020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10495-171139.

255

WESTERN ASIATIC NECKLACE WITH LARGE BANDED AGATE PENDANT 1st millennium BC A restrung necklace composed of biconical lapis lazuli beads and graduated gold openwork beads with applied granulation to the

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intricate netting, beaded collar to each end; central feature a large biconical banded agate bead with applied gold caps and central strap, each band with raised bosses and the end caps with applied gold wire decoration; modern clasp. 64.07 grams, 46cm (18"). Very fine condition. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,490 - 6,740 USD 5,470 - 8,200 Provenance Property of a respected gentleman, from his private collection formed 19652020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10494-171137.

256

WESTERN ASIATIC GOLD AND LAPIS LAZULI BEAD NECKLACE 1st millennium BC A restrung necklace composed of graduated polyhedral lapis lazuli beads interspersed with granulated gold collar beads, central large lapis lazuli feature bead; a modern S-clasp. 68 grams, 49cm (19¼"). Fine condition. £5,000 - 7,000 EUR 5,610 - 7,860 USD 6,840 - 9,570 Provenance Property of a respected gentleman, from his private collection formed 19652020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10491-171147.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


257

259

258

257

WESTERN ASIATIC LION PENDANT NECKLACE 1st millennium BC A restrung necklace composed of spherical garnet beads and ten graduated reclining lion pendants modelled in the round; large central scaraboid garnet pendant with ribbed gold straps and granule cluster below; modern clasp. 95 grams, 43.5cm (17¼"). Very fine condition. £6,000 - 8,000 EUR 6,740 - 8,980 USD 8,200 - 10,940 Provenance Property of a respected gentleman, from his private collection formed 19652020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10487-171131.

258

SOUTH ARABIAN NECKLACE WITH GOLD FEMALE FIGURE PENDANT 2nd century BC-1st century AD A substantial restrung necklace composed of spherical garnet beads interspersed with granulated gold collar beads; six bifacial gold pendants flanking the central pendant, each a disc with a cloisonné cross motif centre, some absent, radiating bosses to the edge, tubular suspension loop with granulated chevrons; the central large pendant formed as a bifacial facing bust with stylised features, wearing a

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

headdress that forms the suspension loop, four pendants below with garnet, amethyst, carnelian and gold beads; modern clasp. 72.05 grams, 52cm (20½"). Very fine condition. £8,000 - 10,000 EUR 8,980 - 11,230 USD 10,940 - 13,670 Provenance Property of a respected gentleman, from his private collection formed 19652020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10484-171150. Literature See Tait, H. ed., 7000 Years Of Jewelry, The British Museum Press, London, 2009, for discussion.

259

WESTERN ASIATIC GOLD AND LAPIS LAZULI NECKLACE 1st millennium BC A restrung necklace composed of three tubular ribbed gold elements interspersed with ribbed lapis lazuli beads, the back of the necklace with graduated oblate lapis lazuli beads and facetted gold spacer beads; modern S-clasp. 30 grams, 51cm (20"). Fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,680 - 2,250 USD 2,050 - 2,730 Provenance From a private collection; formerly with Arts d'Orient, Archéologie Islam, Boisgirard, Paris, 7-9 June 2006, lot 161; accompanied by copies of the relevant Boisgirard catalogue pages.

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ACHAEMENID GOLD HUMAN-HEADED BULL MOUNT 6th-5th century BC A sheet-gold figure of a bull with the legs folded beneath the body; the head is that of a human male with detailed beard and conical cap or headdress; the underside includes a portion of silver sheet and a ferrous fragment. 12.94 grams, 41mm (1½"). Very fine condition; with ancient repair. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470 260

Provenance Property of a London businessman; formerly in a private Japanese collection; accompanied by a copy of a seven page examination report number 84/2014 by Dr. habil. Mikhail Treister dated 26 October 2014, and an expertise from Striptwist Ltd, a London-based company run by historical precious metal specialist Dr Jack Ogden, reference number 160610; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10348-168729. Footnotes Dr Ogden notes that the 'mode of manufacture is consistent with manufacture in the Early Bronze Age, a date perhaps also suggested by the lack of wings, but the iron component would be more expected in the Early Iron Age. ... It is perhaps not impossible that the gold human-headed bull, decorating a silver vessel or other object, was made in the early Bronze Age then lost or buried. Then ... it was rediscovered in a damaged state, repaired ... and mounted on an iron component...'

261

WESTERN ASIATIC GOLD SWORD POMMEL 6th-5th century BC

261

A hollow, sheet-gold pommel casing formed as two addorsed animal heads, each with large, snarling muzzles, tongue sticking out, bulging eyes, rounded ears and hatched decoration expressing texture to their manes and coats. 5.41 grams, 58mm (2¼"). Fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 670 - 900 USD 820 - 1,090 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with the Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972.

262

WESTERN ASIATIC GOLD SWIVEL RING WITH DOVE GEMSTONE 1st millennium BC A gold swivel ring with hollow-formed U-shaped hoop, loop to each finial to accept a separate gold bar for the swivel; a carved moss chalcedony scaraboid with intaglio image of a dove in flight. 4.42 grams, 25.62mm overall, 16.49 x 15.95mm internal diameter (approximate size British K½, USA 5½, Europe 10.58, Japan 10) (1"). Very fine condition. A large wearable size. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,680 - 2,250 USD 2,050 - 2,730 262

Provenance Ex Abelita family collection, 1970s-2000s; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no. 171789/07/12/2020.

263

WESTERN ASIATIC GOLD RING WITH INSCRIBED GEMSTONE 4th-7th century AD A gold ring with convex hoop, tall collared conical bezel, set with amethyst cabochon with enigmatic inscription. 4.75 grams, 30.98mm overall, 18.19mm internal diameter (approximate size British O, USA 7, Europe 14.98, Japan 14) (1¼"). Very fine condition. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,350 - 1,910 USD 1,640 - 2,320 Provenance Ex Abelita family collection, 1970s-2000s. Literature See Chadour, A.B., Rings. The Alice and Louis Koch Collection, volume I, Leeds, 1994, item 439, for type.

263

108

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


264

WESTERN ASIATIC GOLD SWIVEL RING WITH HEBREW INSCRIPTION Late 1st millennium BC 264 A gold finger ring with lozenge-section crescent hoop and tabular swivel-mounted jasper bead, six incised characters to one face. 11.45 grams, 31.85mm overall, 23.86mm internal diameter (approximate size British -, USA -, Europe -, Japan -) (1¼"). Fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,680 - 2,250 USD 2,050 - 2,730 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly acquired before 1970. Literature Cf. Chadour, A.B., Rings. The Alice and Louis Koch Collection, volume I, Leeds, 1994, item 52, for type.

265

WESTERN ASIATIC GOLD EARRINGS WITH DROPS Late 1st millennium BC A matched pair of gold hoop earrings, each with three chain drops, the chain with a heart-shaped pendant with filigree detailing, below an oval pendant with teardrop-shaped finial and applied filigree, suspension loop below. 4.72 grams total, 62-66mm (2½"). Fine condition. [2] £500 - 700 EUR 560 - 790 USD 680 - 960

265

Provenance From the collection of a Japanese gentleman, deceased (1970-2010); collected in the 1990s.

266

WESTERN ASIATIC ELABORATE EARRINGS WITH GARNETS 6th-4th century BC A matched pair of gold earrings, each a hollow sphere with raised cells set with garnet cabochons, granule clusters in between; a cluster of hollow spheres below, each with a granule cluster finial; articulated hollow suspension loop with teardrop-shaped garnet cell to each end and a round cell to both sides, one cell with inset garnet cabochon and the other with a glass cabochon. 7.22 grams total, 30-34mm (1¼"). Fine condition. [2] £500 - 700 EUR 560 - 790 USD 680 - 960 Provenance Ex Abelita family collection, 1970s-2000s.

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ACHAEMENID GOLD PENDANT WITH GEMSTONE 6th-4th century BC A gold triangular pendant with inset garnet cabochon; a row of garnet and glass beads to two sides, three suspension loops below. 3.60 grams, 23mm (1"). Fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 670 - 900 USD 820 - 1,090 Provenance From the collection of a Japanese gentleman, deceased (1970-2010); collected in the 1990s.

267

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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268

LURISTAN STAG STATUETTE 2nd millennium BC A bronze figurine of a standing stag with detailed antlers, panel of geometric texturing to each flank, suspension loop to the back. 160 grams, 57mm (2¼"). Very fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,120 - 1,570 USD 1,370 - 1,910 Provenance Ex an important central London collection; previously acquired before 1990.

269

268

LURISTAN STANDARD FINIAL WITH ANIMALS 13th-7th century BC A bronze finial with central bar with a semi-circle on either side, surmounted by a flat platform with a stag with large elaborate horns, standing behind a doe; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 921 grams total, 31cm including stand (21¼"). Fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,680 - 2,250 USD 2,050 - 2,730 Provenance Property of a West London gentleman; from a private collection since 1989.

270

LURISTAN CEREMONIAL AXEHEAD WITH ANIMALS 13th-7th century BC A ceremonial bronze axehead with socket in the form of an animal head with three studs along back face to receive a haft having the 'cutting' head at right angles and pierced, depicting a further series of five animals each devouring the one or ones ahead, the outer ones supporting the half-hexagonal edge strip; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 1.2 kg total, 33cm including stand (13"). Fine condition. Rare. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470

269

Provenance Property of a West London gentleman; from a private collection since 1989; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10518-172047.

271

MESOPOTAMIAN VESSEL BEARER 3rd millennium BC A substantial bronze torch or vessel bearer, the tripod base with animal feet; stem formed as a central standing nude female figure with arms stretched upwards, holding a deep bowl balanced on her head. 576 grams total, 19cm including stand (7½"). Fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470

270

Provenance Property of a West London gentleman; from a private collection since 1989; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10519-172048. Literature See Simpson, S.T., Queen of Sheba: Treasures From Ancient Yemen, The British Museum Press, London, 2002, item 297, for a stand with bowl; see Muscarella, O.W., Bronze and Iron: Ancient Near Eastern Artifacts in The Metropolitan Museum of Art, The Metropolitan Museum Museum of Art, New York, 1988, pp.334-335, for objects of a similar form; see Mahboubian, H., Art and Civilization of Ancient Iran, Mahboubian Gallery, Wiltshire, 2004, pp.1718, for similar objects; see Amiet, P., Art of the Ancient Near East, New York, 1977; Muscarella, O.W., Bronze and Iron. Ancient Near Eastern Artifacts in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1988; Aruz, J., Art of the First Cities. The Third Millennium B.C. from the Mediterranean to the Indus, New York, 2003. Footnotes This figure likely functioned as temple attendant, holding aloft a bowl of incense, a lamp or other form of offering.

271

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


272

BACTRIAN STANDING ZEBU 3rd-2nd millennium BC A copper-alloy figure of a zebu with prominent horns and dorsal hump; mounted on a custom-made stand. 370 grams total, 12cm including stand (4¾"). Fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with the Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10460-170847.

273

CAUCASIAN STAG FIGURE WITH ATTACHMENT LOOPS

272

1st millennium BC A bronze figure of a stag with tall antlers, ears, feet and tail formed as loops; additional loop to the animal's abdomen, back and the underside of its muzzle; series of collars around the stag's neck, the collar at the base decorated with triangular 'pendants'; mouth slightly ajar; exaggerated hemispherical eyes. 110 grams, 82mm (3¼"). Very fine condition. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,490 - 6,740 USD 5,470 - 8,200 Provenance Formerly in the private collection of a former Israeli ambassador, Mr N.M.; part of his private collection formed in the 1960s-1980s, kept in the UK since 1992; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10340-168743. Literature Cf. Ashmolean Museum, Antiquities From The Bomford Collection, October 10-30, 1966, pl.XXI, fig.238.

274

LARGE CAUCASIAN BUCKLE WITH THREE STAGS

273

3rd-2nd century BC A substantial bronze, square-shaped openwork buckle with three stylised stags, the larger central stag with antlers formed as two volutes, galloping right, smaller stags above, smaller animal bounding left below, scrolls in field; all set within a border comprising two rows of scrollwork motifs; rounded bosses in each of the four rounded corners; integral 'hook' and 'eye' to reverse for attachment. 258 grams, 11.1 x 11.1cm (4¼ x 4¼"). Very fine condition. £5,000 - 7,000 EUR 5,610 - 7,860 USD 6,840 - 9,570 Provenance Formerly in the private collection of a former Israeli ambassador, Mr N.M.; acquired in Vienna, Austria, in the 1990s; accompanied by a copy of a seven page examination report number 138/2019 by Dr. habil Mikhail Treister; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10365-168742. Literature Cf. Bunker, E., Chatwin, C.B., & Farkas, A.R., Animal Style from East to West, New York, 1970, for discussion; cf. Aruz, J., Farkas, A., Alekseev, A., & Korolova, E., edn., The Golden Deer of Eurasia, New York, 2000, for discussion; cf. Muscarella, O.W., Bronze and Iron: Ancient Near Eastern Artefacts in The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1988, p.440, fig.581, for a close parallel.

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CAUCASIAN OPENWORK BUCKLE PLATE 8th century BC A copper-alloy rectangular belt-clasp with embossed openwork design in the centre surrounded by a wide squared border decorated with seven bosses and a hook, the design in the centre consisting of an ibex facing left, the animal has a concentric ring design running from the back to the head with two long curved back-facing horns. 106 grams total, 80mm including stand (3"). Fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,680 - 2,250 USD 2,050 - 2,730 Provenance Acquired on the 6th November 1988; formerly with F.N. Nejad Zurich, Switzerland. Literature See Curtis, J. E., & Kruszynski, M., Ancient Caucasian and Related Material in The British Museum, London, 2002.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

275

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276

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WESTERN ASIATIC BRONZE BOWL WITH COMBAT SCENE 7th-6th century BC A bronze bowl with the outer face divided into two decorative lowrelief scenes; the upper frieze with five war chariots drawn by a horse and bull, in each chariot a soldier with raised trident, two trees in the field; the lower relief with five standing female figures (goddess Ishtar or Sala?) dressed in sheer garments, a large mythical flower between each figure. 128 grams, 77mm (3"). Very fine condition. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,490 - 6,740 USD 5,470 - 8,200 Provenance From a private collection; previously acquired in 2015; formerly in a private collection, since the 1980s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by IADAA certificate number no.14042020/1028. Literature See Black, J. & Green A., An illustrated dictionary Gods, Demons and Symbols of ancient Mesopotamia, The British Museum Press, 1992. Footnotes The barley stalk or ear of corn brandished by the warriors driving the chariots is usually the symbol of the goddess Sala. An image of the goddess Sala, holding a barley stalk, drawn on a clay tablet with an astronomical text, can be found at Uruk (modern Warka) and dating to the Seleucid Period.

277

ACHAEMENID LOTUS BOWL 5th-4th century BC A bronze bowl with lotiform underside comprising radiating flanges to the body and base, broad flared rim; omphalos to the internal base. 156 grams, 11.5cm (4½"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 560 - 790 USD 680 - 960 277

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Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with the Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


278

SUMERIAN HEAD OF A PRIEST 2nd millennium BC A characterful bronze male bust with elongated bald head, asymmetrical ears, slender brows and straight nose above closed, down-turned mouth and fleshy chin, silvered eyes; subtle suggestion of musculature and skeletal structure at neck and chest; mounted on a custom-made stand. 108 grams total, 52mm including stand (2"). Fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 670 - 900 USD 820 - 1,090

278

Provenance Ex collection of a deceased London gentleman; 1970-1999.

279

CAUCASIAN KOBAN CULTURE MIRROR WITH ENGRAVED STAGS 12th-8th century BC A bronze handled mirror with discoid head and sub-rectangular handle with rounded end, attached with rivets; raised design to the front; reverse with outer border of shallow chevrons between concentric bands, repeated at the centre, four large, stylised stags leaping from the outer border towards the inner border between, each with long antlers; mounted on a custom-made stand. 1.1 kg total, 28.5cm including stand (11¼"). Fine condition. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,350 - 1,910 USD 1,640 - 2,320

279

Provenance From a private collection; previously in an old central Asian collection; acquired in the late 1940s.

280

MESOPOTAMIAN STANDARD WITH BEASTS 2nd millennium BC A substantial bronze standard finial with ribbed upper section, bifacial lapis lazuli discoid finial with high-relief image to each face of a beast with head facing back towards tail; surrounded by nine beast heads facing left. 583 grams total, 27.5cm including stand (10¾"). Fine condition. Rare. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470 Provenance Property of a West London gentleman; from a private collection since 1989; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10520-172050.

281

ACHAEMENID CROUCHING LION

280

6th-4th century BC A substantial bright blue glazed composition statuette of a recumbent lion, finely modelled with incised details, the front paws outstretched, the tail curling around the right haunch and lying over the back; mounted on a custom-made wooden display stand, and housed in a custom-made leather display box. 285 grams total, lion: 55mm (box: 11.5 x 7cm) (2 (4½ x 2¾)"). Very fine condition. £5,000 - 7,000 EUR 5,610 - 7,860 USD 6,840 - 9,570 Provenance Previously in the collection of a respected gentleman, acquired in 2010; formerly on the London art market, since at least 2000; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by IADAA certificate number no.09042020/1040.

281

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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283

282

283

PRE-ACHAEMENID SILVER PHIALE MESOMPHALOS

NEO-ELAMITE SILVER MESOMPHALOS

Early 1st millennium BC

Early 6th century BC

A shallow silver dish with prominent raised central boss; concentric rings and tiers of intersecting lotus petals with flanged rim. 158 grams, 16cm (6¼"). Fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470

A sheet-silver squat bowl or phiale with central domed omphalos, radiating comma-shaped bands with pellet to each end, vesicashaped repoussé bosses, carinated rim with beaded border. 254 grams, 19.5cm (7¾"). Very fine condition, dent to rim. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470

Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with the Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10452-170845.

Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with the Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10461-170886. Literature A nearly identical example but smaller at Christie's, New York 'Antiquities' auction, 8 June, 2001, lot 370; see Godard, F., The Art of Iran, London, 1965, for discussion.

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


284

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SOUTH ARABIAN GILT SILVER EPIGRAPHIC BOWL 2nd-3rd century AD A sheet-silver bowl with repoussé scale detailing to the sidewall, tondo gilded to the underside with an image of a bird of prey perching with splayed wings; decorative parcel-gilt band below the rim with original Sabean text, expunged and later reworked to read 'Hari-yada'at and Halkum and their children, of [the family] Hasbach; and Dhakhar-il and Namamat'. 170 grams, 16cm (6¼"). Fine condition. An extremely rare high-status example. £15,000 - 20,000 EUR 16,840 - 22,460 USD 20,510 - 27,340 Provenance From a private UK collection; acquired from Christie's, New York, 10 December 2004, lot 419 (bought for $33,460.00); formerly in a private collection formed

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

in the 1950s-1960s; accompanied by copies of the relevant Christie's catalogue pages and a copy of a Art Loss Register certificate number S00119280; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by IADAA certificate number no.23032020/1607. Literature Cf. Simpson, S., Queen of Sheba. Treasures from Ancient Yemen, London, 2002, item 306, for similar gilt epigraphic band below the rim; see Curtis, J. and Tallis, N., Forgotten Empire: The World of Ancient Persia, The British Museum, London, 2006, p.105, for comparable items. Footnotes The bowl is similar in size and shape to examples of libation bowls, to bowls and dishes used as luxury tableware at royal (and other high status) tables for food and drink, and even vessels used for medicinal purposes. Sabaean is one of the old South Arabian languages, spoken by the people of the kingdom of Saba, the biblical land of Sheba.

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PRE-ACHAEMENID SILVER BIRD 6th century BC A silver figure of a bird perching on a tiered socle base; the hollowformed body S-shaped in profile with repoussé detailing to the beak, eye, wings and tail, pointillé feather detailing, lateral flange wings, ropework to the base. 90 grams, 10cm (4"). Fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470 Provenance Previously in the collection of a respected gentleman; his collection assembled 1965-2018. Literature Cf. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, accession number 34.107.63, for head of a similar figure, executed in stone; see Upton, J.M., The Persian Expedition, 1933-1934, in The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 29, December 1934.

286

EARLY ASSYRIAN RING WITH TWO HERALDIC BULLS NEXT TO THE TREE OF LIFE

116

Provenance Previously with Christie's, London, 29 April 2010, lot 276; formerly in a private English collection, since the late 1970s-early 1980s; accompanied by an original typed and signed scholarly note by the late W.G. Lambert, Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham, 1970-1993; and by copies of the relevant Christie's catalogue pages; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10371-168776.

287

ELAMITE SILVER FLOWER PENDANT NECKLACE 1st millennium BC A restrung necklace of fusiform and oval carnelian beads with centrepiece of waisted gold tubular bead; two silver cloisonné pendants each a quatrefoil with discs in the spandrels, inset glass and haematite panels. 54 grams, 43cm (17"). Fine condition. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,350 - 1,910 USD 1,640 - 2,320 Provenance Property of a London collector; from her family's private collection; formerly with a London gallery; acquired in the 1990s.

2nd millennium BC

288

A silvered finger ring with heraldic design; accompanied by a museum-quality impression and typed and signed scholarly note issued by W.G. Lambert, late Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham, 1970-1993, which states: 'Ancient Silver Finger Ring. This was made from a strip of sheet silver, bent to a circle and embossed and engraved. It deepens away from the join. In the centre of the design is a stylized sacred tree with central stem, two cotyledons and seven buds around the crown, and other details. To each side of the tree is an approaching bull, the one on the separated by a maltese cross, the one on the left separated by a rhomb. At each end of the strip is a kind of trefoil. The whole design is enclosed within upper and lower rulings. This is a Middle Assyrian ring, c.1400-1100 B.C. It is deeply and finely engraved and in remarkably good condition for ancient silver. Rings of this kind and quality are rare. It was probably used as a ring-seal.' 25.76 grams, 30.45mm overall, 25.54mm internal diameter (approximate size British Z+3, USA 13¾, Europe 32.57, Japan 31) (1¼"). Very fine condition. A large wearable size. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470

2nd century BC-2nd century AD

LARGE SOUTH ARABIAN STANDING FIGURE

A carved alabaster figurine of a robed female standing with arms bent and fists clenched, D-shaped face with exaggerated lentoid socket eyes and hair gathered to the rear, ribbed cuffs and collar; mounted on a custom-made stand. 15.6 kg total, 47cm including stand (18½"). Fine condition; parts of one arm and hand absent. A large display piece. £30,000 - 40,000 EUR 33,690 - 44,910 USD 41,020 - 54,690 Provenance Property of a gentleman living in central London; previously with Pierre Bergé & Associés, Paris, 26 November 2013, lot 198 (40,000 / 45,000 euros); from a private German collection, acquired 1985; formerly on the Belgian art market, since 1983; from the private collection of Mr. Hans G, Belgium, acquired in 1967; accompanied by a copy of the relevant Pierre Bergé & Associés catalogue page; accompanied by a scholarly note TL5329 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10425170148. Literature Cf. similar figure in the collection of the British Museum, London, under accession number 1965,1011.1.

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290

BACTRIAN IDOL WITH GARMENT OF LEAVES

BACTRIAN CEREMONIAL 'LOCK' IDOL WITH INLAID BULLS

3rd-2nd millennium BC

Late 3rd millennium BC

A substantial stone idol in three parts: a stylised serpentine body carved in relief with layers of leaves on all faces, a shallow ovalshaped recess at the top for placement of the head; a carved alabaster or marble head, bald, with detailing to the ears, eyebrows, eyes, nose and mouth, and a broad base for placement onto the body; a head-piece with a flared neck, decorated with eight 'petals' radiating from the centre-point of the domed top, and a series of horizontal ridges along the neck. 2.7 kg total, 17cm (6¾"). Fine condition. [3] £20,000 - 30,000 EUR 22,460 - 33,690 USD 27,340 - 41,020

A carved alabaster tent weight with bull images and inlay; accompanied by a typed and signed scholarly note issued by the late W.G. Lambert, Professor of Assyriology at the University of Birmingham, 1970-1993, which states: 'Ancient Alabaster 'Weight' 29cm, high 25cm. diameter. This is roughly oval with a hollowed out hole near the top, creating a handle. The edges are rounded and on each side a bull in deep relief with inlay of turquoise and brown stone appears. Much detail is used in the depiction of the bulls. The bull on one side is shown with head facing forwards, while on the other side it faces backwards. In details also the two bulls are quite different. The object is generally in good condition, though some of the inlay is lost on one side. This is an extremely rare object, though certainly from West Central Asia. It dates to c.2000-1700 B.C. Its purpose is not certain, but most probably it was carried in some religious rites.' 8.7 kg, 29cm (11½"). Fine condition. Extremely rare. £8,000 - 10,000 EUR 8,980 - 11,230 USD 10,940 - 13,670

Provenance Property of a Dutch private collector; previously the private collection of Dr P.A.F. van Veen, circa 1960; accompanied by a five page scientific report from Dr Boaz Paz of Laboratorien Für Archäometrie, Germany, and a scholarly note TL5336 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10360-167821. Literature See Aruz, J., Art of The First Cities: The Third Millennium B.C. from the Mediterranean to the Indus, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2003, pp. 367368, for discussion and similar examples; cf. Hiebert, F. and Cambon, P. edn., Afghanistan: Crossroads of the Ancient World, The British Museum Press, 2011, pp.71-76, for discussion and comparable objects.

Provenance Property of a Connecticut, USA, collector; formerly in a Belgian collection; acquired from the Yeganah collection, Frankfurt, Germany; before 1975; accompanied by a scholarly note TL5321 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10358-167851. Footnotes Among the most iconic Intercultural Style objects are the so-called 'lock weights'. These were probably not weights at all, but were likely badges of high office, carried to indicate authority. Fragments of similar objects have been found throughout Mesopotamia, the islands of the Persian Gulf, on the Iranian steppe, as well as the Indus Valley. The production of them seems to be concentrated in two areas, the Gulf island of Tarut, as well as Tepe Yahya in south central Iran, that has produced the only known mine for the stone. The artistic styles on these chlorite objects represent a fusion of art and religious themes from the diverse regions that they are found in, representing both Mesopotamian and Indus culture. The bull was a popular, and sacred animal in both Mesopotamia and the Indus civilisation. In Mesopotamia it was often associated with storm gods, such as Baal. In the Indus region it appears on seals and is often associated with a horned deity that has been identified as a proto-Shiva type figure.

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WESTERN ASIATIC TEPE HISSAR IDOL Circa 3000 BC A flat female idol in alabaster, of hourglass form; roughly-cylindrical head, emphasised breasts; mounted on a custom-made stand. 865 grams total, 18.5cm including stand (7¼"). Fine condition, chipped in antiquity. £8,000 - 10,000 EUR 8,980 - 11,230 USD 10,940 - 13,670

Literature See Schmidt, E.F., Excavations at Tepe Hissar Damghan, Philadelphia, 1937, fig. 7; accompanied by a copy of this and other publications featuring this type of idol. Footnotes This idol corresponds to those found in Tepe Hissar, the type belonging to the level III C. The rather stereotyped Hissar IIIC human figures, which in all or almost cases are female in shape, are characterised by their translucent alabaster, a body roughly hourglasses shaped, the head perforated for suspension.

Provenance From a UK private collection, 1980s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by IADAA certificate number no.14012020/1510.

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292

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294

BACTRIAN ALABASTER CHALICE

MESOPOTAMIAN ALABASTER POMEGRANATE VESSEL

Late 3rd-early 2nd millennium BC

2nd millennium BC

A carved alabaster goblet with a trumpet-shaped foot, the cup with a profiled low wall. 335 grams, 99mm (4"). Fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 670 - 900 USD 820 - 1,090

A carved alabaster vessel with globular body, shallow raised rim and foot, with shallow horizontal lentoid-shaped grooves around the body, imitating the appearance of a pomegranate fruit; carved-out cylindrical-shaped interior. 1.3 kg, 10.3cm (4"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 560 - 790 USD 680 - 960

Provenance From an important Austrian collection; formerly with Gorny & Mosch, Munich, Germany, auction 264, lot 192; in a private collection since the 1970s; accompanied by copies of the Gorny & Mosch catalogue pages.

293

BACTRIAN OFFERING VESSEL 2nd millennium BC A solid veined alabaster offering vessel with flat bottom and slightly outward tapering sides, wide flat rim with a 2cm conical recess to the top. 447 grams, 12.2cm (5"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £500 - 700 EUR 560 - 790 USD 680 - 960 Provenance From the collection of a Japanese gentleman, deceased (1970-2010); collected in the 1990s.

Provenance Ex Abelita family collection, 1970s-2000s.

295

SUMERIAN DISH WITH BULLS 25th-22nd century BC A carved hardstone vessel with bull's head, supplied with a signed scholarly note by W.G. Lambert, late Professor of Assyriology, University of Birmingham, 1970-1993, which states: 'Small vessel of hard black stone with relief around the outside: two cow() with sprouting water from a jar, and a large bull's head. Sumerian, c. 25002200 BC. Fine work, joined from two pieces, some surface corrosion. Vessels of this period are rare.' 174 grams, 93mm (3¾"). Fine condition, repaired. £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 2,020 - 2,690 USD 2,460 - 3,280 Provenance From a family collection formed before 1992; by descent before 1992, London and Geneva.

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WESTERN ASIATIC CARVED COSMETIC PALETTE 3rd-2nd millennium BC A carved rectangular brown stone cosmetic palette with shallow internal recess with elliptical design. 142 grams, 12.5cm (5"). Fine condition, chipped. £500 - 700 EUR 560 - 790 USD 680 - 960 Provenance Ex important Mayfair collection by descent, 1970-1999.

297

BACTRIAN CHILDREN'S TOY FIGURE 3rd millennium BC

297

A well-carved white stone monkey statuette, with right knee raised, feet absent, and pierced through the shoulders to accept separately made arms; mounted on a custom-made stand. 46.79 grams total, 73mm including stand (3"). Fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 900 - 1,120 USD 1,090 - 1,370 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with the Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972.

298

BACTRIAN CHILDREN'S TOY FIGURE 3rd millennium BC A well-carved white stone monkey statuette, with lower body absent, pierced through the shoulders to accept separately made arms; mounted on a custom-made stand. 62 grams total, 90mm including stand (3½"). Fine condition. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,350 - 1,910 USD 1,640 - 2,320 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; acquired from Boisgirard and Associes, Arts d'Orient Archéologie, Paris, 5 April 2000, lot 32; accompanied by the relevant Boisgirard and Associes, Arts d'Orient Archéologie catalogue pages.

298

299

WESTERN ASIATIC HAEMATITE FROG WEIGHT 1st millennium BC A small carved haematite trade weight in the form of a frog. 11.7 grams, 22mm (1"). Very fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 560 - 790 USD 680 - 960 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with the Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972.

299

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Chinese & Far Eastern Also see lots 1517 - 1704

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CHINESE ORDOS GILT BULL PLAQUE PAIR 6th-2nd century BC A pair of matched gilt bronze buckle plates in the form of a bull, head facing forward, forelegs bent under the body, detailed face and legs, scrolled motif to the body; mounted on a custom-made stand. 480 grams total, 19cm including stand (7½"). Fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,680 - 2,250 USD 2,050 - 2,730 Provenance From a private collection.

301

CHINESE ORDOS BULL PLAQUE PAIR 6th-2nd century BC A group of two rectangular openwork plaques with two attachment loops to the reverse, comprising: one displaying a bull standing left within a 'barley' border following a circular attachment loop at one end, head down, tail between legs, detailing to horns, head and

hooves; one with bull standing right within a 'barley' border, head down, detailing to horns, head and hooves. 70.2 grams total, 5659mm (2¼ "). Fine condition. [2] £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,680 - 2,250 USD 2,050 - 2,730 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with the Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972.

302

CHINESE ORDOS BEAST PLAQUE PAIR 6th-2nd century BC A group of two rectangular openwork bronze plaques or mounts, each with decorative notching to the border, one featuring crouching beast facing right, mouth open, body decorated with a series of circular recesses and shallow geometric motifs, fastener to one side of front face, two pierced lugs to reverse. 55.3 grams total, 60mm each (2¼"). Fine condition. [2] £600 - 800 EUR 670 - 900 USD 820 - 1,090 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with the Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972.

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303

RARE AND IMPORTANT ROYAL JIN BODHISATTVA MAITREYA Western Jin Dynasty, circa 300 AD A majestic gilded bronze standing Bodhisattva Maitreya figure with Gandharan influence; the substantial statue wearing royal costume with right hand in the open palm fear-not gesture, holding a bottle in the open left hand suspended between the fingers; standing on a disc base; the hair striated and piled upon the head, tied in a top-knot; the front cover piece from the catalogue 'Out of Uddiyana' An exhibition at Tibet House, New York, in 2010. 3.5 kg, 34.5cm (13½"). Very fine condition. Excessively rare; possibly only one other example known, the 'Yurinkan' Bodhisattva, now in the private museum collection of Fujii Saiseikai (1860-1934), Yurinkan, Kyoto, Japan. £30,000 - 40,000 EUR 33,690 - 44,910 USD 41,020 - 54,690 Provenance Acquired for the ‘Buckingham Collection’ by the late Nik Douglas (1944-2012), renowned author, curator and Asian art expert; the collection formed from the

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

early 1960s to early 1970s; displayed at the major exhibition ‘The Buddha Image: Out of Uddiyana’, Tibet House, 22 West 15th Street, New York, 16 September-20 October 2010, extended to 16 November and again to 7 January 2011; where the collection of one hundred pieces was publicly valued at US$ 15M; this piece was scheduled to be included in an exhibition titled ‘On the Silk Route; Birth of The Buddha’, to be held in London from November 2012, but sadly his death prevented this; accompanied by Nik Douglas's collection cataloguing pages which include pre cleaning photographs; and a copy of the relevant ‘Out of Uddiyana’ exhibition catalogue pages including the front cover which featured this lot, and an image of this piece in a display case which took pride of place at the exhibition; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10428-170981. Literature See Fujii Saiseikai Yurinkan Collection, Kyoto, Japan, 141G, for the only other recorded example of very similar size and almost identical form; see Howard, A.F., Chinese Sculpture, Rhie, Marilyn Martin, Enclyclopedia of Buddhism: China, Buddhist Art, and Watson, W., The Arts of China to AD 900, for discussion on the Yurinkan example; also accompanied by an eight-page document describing and illustrating both this and the Yurinkan piece.

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CHINESE GILT SHAKYAMUNI BUDDHA IN MEDITATION

CHINESE GILT 'SILK ROAD' 'SILK ROAD' BUDDHA IN MEDITATION ON FLAMING LION THRONE

Western Qin Dynasty, 385-431 AD

Northern Wei, early 5th century AD A gilt-bronze statuette, influenced by the Gandharan style or that of the neighbouring Uddiyana region, of Shakyamuni Buddha kneeling on a tiered podium, aureole to the rear; inscribed legend to the reverse of the aureole, the inscription mentions the 'Tripitaka Master', the 'Buddha Disciple' and to 'arouse the vow' and asks 'to improve human welfare, and to save all beings from the sea of suffering and erase calamity'; donors to the legs of the podium. 355 grams, 14.1cm (5½"). Fine condition. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,490 - 6,740 USD 5,470 - 8,200 Provenance Acquired for the ‘Buckingham Collection’ by the late Nik Douglas (1944-2012), renowned author, curator and Asian art expert; the collection formed from the early 1960s to early 1970s; displayed at the major exhibition ‘The Buddha Image: Out of Uddiyana’, Tibet House, 22 West 15th Street, New York, 16 September-20 October 2010, extended to 16 November and again to 7 January 2011; where the collection of one hundred pieces was publicly valued at US$ 15M; this piece was scheduled to be included in an exhibition titled ‘On the Silk Route; Birth of The Buddha’, to be held in London from November 2012, but sadly his death prevented this; accompanied by copies of several press releases and articles for the exhibition, including Artnet News, This Week in New York, Huffpost, Buddhist Art News, and copies of the relevant London and Tibet House exhibition catalogue pages, which dates the piece on artistic grounds to the Early Wei period, circa 5th century AD, and a transcription of the Chinese characters inscribed on the piece; recent translation of the previously undeciphered inscription suggests a more precise date range of 385-431 AD, Western Qin era; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10447-169027. Literature See Dr. Naiki, S., Similarities and Differences in Gandharan Sculptures Among Regions, Thursday 22nd to Friday 23rd March 2018, The Geography of Gandharan Art: 2nd Workshop of the Gandhara Connections Project, Classical Art Research Centre, University of Oxford. Published Exhibited: Out of Uddiyana. An exhibition at Tibet House New York, From the Buckingham collections, exhibit TB008, p.59 & 160; accompanied by copies of the relevant exhibition catalogue pages.

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A gilt-bronze buddha figure kneeling on a throne, flanked by lions, flames radiating from the upper arms, pleated robe, hands clasped in the samadhi mudra; the figure's composition originates in the Gandharan style and displays Central Asian features. 406 grams, 13cm (5"). Fine condition. £6,000 - 8,000 EUR 6,740 - 8,980 USD 8,200 - 10,940 Provenance Acquired for the ‘Buckingham Collection’ by the late Nik Douglas (1944-2012), renowned author, curator and Asian art expert; the collection formed from the early 1960s to early 1970s; much of the collection displayed at the major exhibition ‘The Buddha Image: Out of Uddiyana’, Tibet House, 22 West 15th Street, New York, 16 September-20 October 2010, extended to 16 November and again to 7 January 2011; where the collection of one hundred pieces was publicly valued at US$ 15M; this piece was scheduled to be included in an exhibition titled ‘On the Silk Route; Birth of The Buddha’, to be held in London from November 2012, but sadly his death prevented this; accompanied by copies of several press releases and articles for the exhibition, including Artnet News, This Week in New York, Huffpost, Buddhist Art News, and copies of the relevant London exhibition catalogue pages; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.163205-10082.

306

CHINESE SEATED BUDDHA SHAKYAMUNI IN MEDITATION ON ELEPHANT THRONE Eastern Wei, early 5th century AD A bronze figure, likely in the style of the Gandharan or Uddiyana regions, of Shakyamuni Buddha in loose robes seated on a throne flanked by elephants. 101 grams, 80mm (3"). Fair condition; ritually rubbed by generations of devotees. £800 - 1,000 EUR 900 - 1,120 USD 1,090 - 1,370 Provenance Acquired for the ‘Buckingham Collection’ by the late Nik Douglas (1944-2012), renowned author, curator and Asian art expert; the collection formed from the early 1960s to early 1970s; displayed at the major exhibition ‘The Buddha

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


306

Image: Out of Uddiyana’, Tibet House, 22 West 15th Street, New York, 16 September-20 October 2010, extended to 16 November and again to 7 January 2011; where the collection of one hundred pieces was publicly valued at US$ 15M; this piece was scheduled to be included in an exhibition titled ‘On the Silk Route; Birth of The Buddha’, to be held in London from November 2012, but sadly his death prevented this; accompanied by copies of several press releases and articles for the exhibition, including Artnet News, This Week in New York, Huffpost, Buddhist Art News, and copies of the relevant London and Tibet House exhibition catalogue pages. Literature See Dr. Naiki, S., Similarities and Differences in Gandharan Sculptures Among Regions, Thursday 22nd to Friday 23rd March 2018, The Geography of Gandharan Art: 2nd Workshop of the Gandhara Connections Project, Classical Art Research Centre, University of Oxford. Published Exhibited: Out of Uddiyana. An exhibition at Tibet House New York, From the Buckingham collections, exhibit TB003, p.58 & 159; accompanied by copies of the relevant exhibition catalogue pages.

307

LARGE CHINESE 'PAGODA' RELIQUARY STUPA Tang to Liao Dynasty, 907-1125 AD A substantial hollow bronze 'pagoda' stupa with three-tiered square and stepped base showing bodhi leaves, flaming jewels and foliage tendrils respectively, surmounted by a pierced frieze, each side depicting a seated Buddha flanked by standing figures and clouds; with triple pitched and hipped roof elements rising above pierced wall panels; in turn all surmounted by a column with five graduated discs affixed and terminating in a four-lobed flammiform element. 4.9 kg, 59cm (23¼"). Fine condition. £6,000 - 8,000 EUR 6,740 - 8,980 USD 8,200 - 10,940 Provenance Acquired for the ‘Buckingham Collection’ by the late Nik Douglas (1944-2012), renowned author, curator and Asian art expert; the collection formed from the early 1960s to early 1970s; displayed at the major exhibition ‘The Buddha Image: Out of Uddiyana’, Tibet House, 22 West 15th Street, New York, 16 September-20 October 2010, extended to 16 November and again to 7 January 2011; where the collection of one hundred pieces was publicly valued at US$ 15M; this piece was scheduled to be included in an exhibition titled ‘On the Silk Route; Birth of The Buddha’, to be held in London from November 2012, but sadly his death prevented this; accompanied by Nik Douglas's collection cataloguing pages; and a copy of the relevant ‘Out of Uddiyana’ exhibition catalogue pages including an image of this lot featured in one of the display cases; this lot has also been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10493-170984.

307

Literature See National Museum, China, for a similar example; accompanied by a twopage document describing and illustrating the piece.

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308

309 128

For charges payable in addition to the ďŹ nal hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


310

311

308

310

LARGE CHINESE SADDLED HORSE

LARGE CHINESE DANCER

Tang Dynasty, 618-907 AD

Han Dynasty, 206 BC-220 AD

A large ceramic figure of a horse, head held slightly to the left and mouth open, dressed mane with lower part falling to one side; crimson and blue saddle cloth to the back with orange and black saddle to the top; tail tied to the top with cloth in a bow. 8.3 kg, 58cm (23"). Finely modelled. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470

A hollow-formed ceramic figure modelled as a female dancer wearing a floor-length robe, long sleeves concealing her arms and hands, with pink, cream and black pigmentation surviving. 7.1 kg, 55cm (21¾"). Finely modelled. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,680 - 2,250 USD 2,050 - 2,730

Provenance Ex Abelita family collection, 1970s-2000s; accompanied by a positive thermoluminescence report no.18CM110520 issued by Laboratory Kotalla; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10516-171818.

309

LARGE CHINESE GUARDIAN FIGURE Tang Dynasty, 618-907 AD A tall ceramic figure formed as a victorious guardian standing on a mound; the guard's arms and fists indicate a weapon-carrying stance, wearing a helmet and armour plating which terminates with dragonheads at the shoulders; crimson, orange, black, green, and blue painted pigmentation survives. 12.7 kg, 89cm (35"). Finely modelled. £800 - 1,000 EUR 900 - 1,120 USD 1,090 - 1,370

Provenance Ex Abelita family collection, 1970s-2000s; accompanied by a positive thermoluminescence report no.50CM110520 issued by Laboratory Kotalla.

311

LARGE CHINESE FIGURE PAIR Tang Dynasty, 618-907 AD A pair of substantial ceramic male figures each standing on an integral base, head straight, arms held against chest, hands clasped together, wearing a tunic, boots and a cap; crimson, green, black and orange painted pigment surviving. 7.6 kg total, 61.5-62.5cm (24¼ 24½"). Finely modelled. [2] £500 - 700 EUR 560 - 790 USD 680 - 960 Provenance Ex Abelita family collection, 1970s-2000s.

Provenance Ex Abelita family collection, 1970s-2000s; accompanied by a positive thermoluminescence report no.39CM110520 issued by Laboratory Kotalla. Literature See Prodan, M., The Art of The Tang Potter, Thames & Hudson, 1960, fig.40, for a comparable example and discussion.

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LARGE CHINESE ATTENDANT FIGURE PAIR Ming Dynasty, 1368-1644 AD A mixed pair of three-part ceramic attendant figures, each standing on a tiered base with rosette, incorporating the feet, glazed in shades of mustard and olive green; the separate bodies with flowing and pleated green glazed robes with ochre and mustard detailing; one head with crème glazed face, black hair and facial details, the other unglazed with crème face, black eye detailing and hair, with crimson lips; one holding a black box, the other a cream coloured teapot. 26 kg total, 88-95cm including stand (34½ - 37½"). Fine condition. [2] £500 - 700 EUR 560 - 790 USD 680 - 960 Provenance Ex Abelita family collection, 1970s-2000s.

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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313

LARGE SOUTH EAST ASIAN LAKSHMI STATUE 10th-12th century AD A carved sandstone statue of Lakshmi in samabhanga pose with sampot and ornate collar, hair gathered in a chignon and secured with a band; mounted on a custom-made stand. 61.1 kg total, 1.35m including stand (53¼"). Fine condition. £10,000 - 14,000 EUR 11,230 - 15,720 USD 13,670 - 19,140

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Provenance Property of a Cambridgeshire gentleman since 1990; previously in a private collection formed in the 1980s; accompanied by a scholarly note TL 5280 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.163485-10091. Literature See Baptiste, P. and Zéphir, T., L’Art Khmer dans les Collections du Musée Guimet, Paris, 2008. Footnotes The deities Parvati, Saraswati and Lakshmi comprise the Tridevi, the holy trinity of goddesses in Hindu tradition. Lakshmi is a goddess of abundance and good fortune for Hindus, Buddhists and Jains. Her broad array of associations made her one of the most important deities and in the guise of Shri, she is considered a goddess personifying a diverse range of talents and powers.

131


314

314

LARGE SOUTH EAST ASIAN STANDING LAKSHMI STATUE 9th-11th century AD A substantial sandstone carved statue of Lakshmi wearing a sampot with flounced hem and sash tied at the hips; the four arms raised holding fruit, a shell(?) and other items; standing barefoot on a rectangular base; mounted on a custom-made stand. 100.2 kg total, 1.62m including stand (63¾"). Fine condition. £12,000 - 17,000 EUR 13,470 - 19,090 USD 16,410 - 23,240

132

Provenance Property of a Cambridgeshire gentleman since 1990; previously in a private collection formed in the 1980s; accompanied by a scholarly note TL 5281 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.163484-10085. Literature See Dupont, P., La Statuaire Pré-Angkorienne, Ascona, 1955, for discussion. Footnotes The goddess Lakshmi appeared fully-formed from the ocean, rather like Greek Aphrodite. The holy texts (Vedas) mention Lakshmi, the wife of Vishnu, who incarnates and becomes queen to each of Vishnu's incarnations as a mortal king Rama or Krishna. Lakshmi is associated with beauty and good fortune.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


315

316

315

CHINESE HEAD OF BODHISATTVA Sui Dynasty, 581-618 AD A marble head of a bodhisattva with serene face, softly rounded cheeks, eyes downcast beneath arched brows, the hair tied in a high chignon with a sash flowing in front of each elongated earlobe. 3.7 kg, 22cm (8¾"). Fine condition, ear lobes chipped. [No Reserve] £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,350 - 1,910 USD 1,640 - 2,320 Provenance From an old Cotswolds collection formed since 1970.

316

CHINESE NEOLITHIC TEXTURED GREYWARE JAR WITH HUMAN FACE 3rd millennium BC A textured greyware vessel with spout modelled as a human face; an extremely rare piece, since no known ceramics of this period were produced with comparable facial features. 771 grams, 20cm (8"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £600 - 800 EUR 670 - 900 USD 820 - 1,090 Provenance From the collection of a Japanese gentleman, deceased (1970-2010); collected in the 1990s.

317

317

CHINESE DRAGON PENDANT Warring States Period, 475-221 BC A carved openwork jadeite pendant formed as an S-shaped twoheaded dragon with raised tendrils to the body indicating scales; pierced through the centre for suspension. 15 grams, 95mm (3¾"). Fine condition, repaired. [2] £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,120 - 1,570 USD 1,370 - 1,910 Provenance Property of a Brussels gallery; acquired on the European art market.

318

CHINESE SEATED COURTLY LADY Tang Dynasty, 618-907 AD A marble statuette of a seated courtly lady in draped robe with neatly dressed hair, hands extended holding an instrument(?), slippers emerging from beneath the robe; traces of red, green and gold pigment. 5.2 kg, 27cm (10½"). Fine condition, end of instrument chipped. [No Reserve] £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,120 - 1,570 USD 1,370 - 1,910 Provenance From an old Cotswolds collection formed since 1970.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

318

133


319

CHINESE PAINTED PANELS WITH BODHISATTVA 17th century AD or later A pair of painted wooden panels comprising: a panel with crowned heavenly being or a bodhisattva, standing on a lotus podium, aureole behind, body draped in layered silk robes and scarves, holding a tall flask in his raised left hand, a plant or medicinal herb placed in the flask, possibly a healing bodhisattva or form of Kwan yin, the goddess of mercy; a panel with a crowned heavenly being or bodhisattva, standing on a lotus podium, an aureole behind, serene expression with heavy eyelids, dressed in elaborate clothing and jewellery, holding a flaming jewel in his right hand, the symbol of Buddhist Dharma, an elixir vase in his left hand. 785 grams total, 47-49cm (18½ - 19¼"). Fair condition. [2, No Reserve] £600 - 800 EUR 670 - 900 USD 820 - 1,090

319

Provenance Acquired for the ‘Buckingham Collection’ by the late Nik Douglas (1944-2012), renowned author, curator and Asian art expert; the collection formed from the early 1960s to early 1970s; accompanied by a copy of two Nik Douglas's illustrated cataloguing pages.

320

CHINESE PAINTED PANELS WITH HEAVENLY BEINGS 17th century AD or later A pair of thin painted wooden panels comprising: a panel with a heavenly musician playing a stringed instrument held behind her head, wearing sheer green trousers and ribbons entwined around the body and curling beneath the musician; a panel with a heavenly being or apsara, female spirit of clouds and water, descending amongst the clouds and holding an offering tray with six lotus buds or incense cones, dressed in sheer trousers and floating colourful ribbons. 1.1 kg total, 55-55.5cm (21¾"). Fair condition. [2, No Reserve] £600 - 800 EUR 670 - 900 USD 820 - 1,090 320

Provenance Acquired for the ‘Buckingham Collection’ by the late Nik Douglas (1944-2012), renowned author, curator and Asian art expert; the collection formed from the early 1960s to early 1970s; accompanied by a copy of two Nik Douglas's illustrated cataloguing pages.

321

CHINESE PAINTED BODHISATTVA

PANELS

WITH

A

MUSICIAN

AND

17th century AD or later A pair of thin painted wooden panels comprising: a panel with a musician or a kinnara standing on two lotuses and playing a reed instrument, dressed in elaborate robes and scarves; a panel with a heavenly being or bodhisattva standing on a lotus podium and holding spiritual offerings, an aureole behind, wearing a turban or a crown and a sumptuous green robe. 1 kg total, 49-56cm (19¼ - 22"). Fair condition. [2, No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 450 - 670 USD 550 - 820 Provenance Acquired for the ‘Buckingham Collection’ by the late Nik Douglas (1944-2012), renowned author, curator and Asian art expert; the collection formed from the early 1960s to early 1970s; accompanied by a copy of two Nik Douglas's illustrated cataloguing pages.

321

134

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


India & Region Also see lots 1705 - 1766

For charges payable in addition to the ďŹ nal hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Lots 322 - 339 135


322

323

322

GANDHARAN SEATED BUDDHA WITH BUDDHIST SCENE 2nd-3rd century AD An outstanding statue of Buddha, seated in a padmsana or lotus position on a low throne, covered by a pillow and drapery, supported by two lions on each side, central relief representing an embroidery on the cloth decorated with two preaching bodhisattvas and their disciples, the first bodhisattva in the same position as Buddha and the other one with raised right hand in Abhaya mudra, a gesture of fearlessness; the statue reinforced on the back by a later added squared plinth; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 1.6 kg total, 22cm including stand (8½"). Very fine condition. £5,000 - 7,000 EUR 5,610 - 7,860 USD 6,840 - 9,570 Provenance Ex property of a London lady; formerly in the David Lindhal collection since 1969; accompanied by an archaeological expertise by Dr. Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10408-169982. Literature See Ingholt, H., Gandharan Art in Pakistan, New York, 1957; Liu, X., Ancient India and Ancient China: Trade and Religious Exchange, AD 1–600, Oxford University Press, 1994; Taddei, M. ‘Afghanistan, Sculpture’ in Dictionary of Art, New York, 1996; Zwalf, W., A Catalogue of the Gandhara Sculpture in the British Museum, 2 vols., London: British Museum Press, 1996; Behrendt, K.A., The Art of Gandhara in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 2007; Brancaccio, P., The Buddhist Caves at Auraganbad: transformation in Art and Religion, Leiden-Boston, 2011.

323

LARGE GANDHARAN HEAD OF BUDDHA 2nd-3rd century AD Of imposing size and presence while retaining Buddha's serenity, this carved larger than life-size schist head shows Gandharan sculpture's Graeco-Roman legacy; the naturalistic carving of the facial features

136

from ridged eyebrows to rounded chin; the locks of hair flow in sinuous symmetrical waves from the widow's peak to the dome of his ushnisha; the ears are shown long with looped earrings drawing the lobes down towards the neck; the urna sits in low relief above the nasal ridge; mounted on a custom-made stand. 32.3 kg, 60cm including stand (23½"). Very fine condition, chipped. £6,000 - 8,000 EUR 6,740 - 8,980 USD 8,200 - 10,940 Provenance Acquired for the ‘Buckingham Collection’ by the late Nik Douglas (1944-2012), renowned author, curator and Asian art expert; the collection formed from the early 1960s to early 1970s; displayed at the major exhibition ‘The Buddha Image: Out of Uddiyana’, Tibet House, 22 West 15th Street, New York, 16 September-20 October 2010, extended to 16 November and again to 7 January 2011; where the collection of one hundred pieces was publicly valued at US$ 15M; this piece was scheduled to be included in an exhibition entitled ‘On the Silk Route; Birth of The Buddha’, to be held in London from November 2012, but sadly his death prevented this; accompanied by copies of several press releases and articles for the exhibition, including Artnet News, This Week in New York, Huffpost and Buddhist Art News. Accompanied by geologic report No. TL005265 by geologic consultant Dr R. L. Bonewitz; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10458-170299. Literature Cf. Jongeward, D., Buddhist Art of Gandhara in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, 2018, item 70. Published Exhibited at ‘The Buddha Image: Out of Uddiyana’, Tibet House, 22 West 15th Street, New York, 16 September-20 October 2010, extended to 16 November and again to 7 January 2011; accompanied by a copy of the main Tibet House exhibition press release which shows an image of several of the most important items in the exhibition, including this piece which is first on the left. Footnotes Dr Bonewitz notes: 'No definite source localities have been identified for the stones used by the Gandharan sculptors, but the predominant rock was an alumina-rich chloritoid-paragonite-muscovite-quartz schist, probably from Swat.'

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


325

324

326

324

326

GANDHARAN PANEL WITH BUDDHA AND DISCIPLES

GANDHARAN PANEL WITH BUDDHA AND DISCIPLES

2nd-4th century AD

2nd-4th century AD

A carved schist panel comprising: a scene with standing Buddha with left hand raised to the shoulder, the right hand holding an offering on a raised plinth with palm tree behind; to either side six disciples and dancers; mounted on a custom-made stand. 14 kg, 39cm (15¼"). Fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,680 - 2,250 USD 2,050 - 2,730

A schist panel depicting Buddha seated on a throne with aureole behind, wearing monastic robes, hair pulled up into ushnisha, urna between the eyes; group of on-looking disciples to the side, worshipping; niché to the right with a female dancer on a base, with one hand on her hip, and the other raised above her head; mounted on a custom-made stand. 24.1 kg, 50cm including stand (19¾"). Fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,680 - 2,250 USD 2,050 - 2,730

Provenance Property of a West London gentleman; from a private collection since 1989. Literature See Jongeward, D., Buddhist Art of Gandhara in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, 2018, for discussion.

325

Provenance Property of a West London gentleman; from a private collection since 1989. Literature See Jongeward, D., Buddhist Art of Gandhara in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, 2018, for discussion.

GANDHARAN PANEL WITH SEATED BUDDHAS 2nd-4th century AD A schist frieze panel depicting three poses of the seated Buddha comprising: central Buddha figure with aureole behind, seated in the lotus position within a shrine with domed top, hands held to the chest in 'preaching' position, attendant either side; and to either side a meditating Buddha with aureole behind, seated in the lotus position in a shrine with domed top, with attendant either side; mounted on a custom-made stand. 17.3 kg, 57cm including stand (22½"). Fine condition. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,350 - 1,910 USD 1,640 - 2,320 Provenance Property of a West London gentleman; from a private collection since 1989. Literature See Jongeward, D., Buddhist Art of Gandhara in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, 2018, for discussion.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

137


327

328

327

GANDHARAN FRIEZE WITH BUDDHA AND WORSHIPPERS 2nd-4th century AD A carved schist frieze fragment with nimbate Buddha standing with right hand raised flanked by attendants and kneeling worshippers, devas and other figures above; mounted on a custom-made stand. 17 kg total, 46.5cm with stand (18¼"). Fine condition. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,350 - 1,910 USD 1,640 - 2,320 Provenance Property of a North London gentleman; ex private London collection, acquired 1980-1990s. Literature Cf. Jongeward, D., Buddhist Art of Gandhara in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, 2018, item 42, for type.

328

INDIAN PANEL WITH PILLARS AND ARCHES 17th-18th century AD

329

A substantial rectangular carved sandstone screen or panel with pillars and openwork arches between, openwork lattice panel design above; mounted on a custom-made stand. 23.9 kg total, 70cm including stand (27½"). Fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,680 - 2,250 USD 2,050 - 2,730 Provenance Property of a West London gentleman; from a private collection since 1989.

329

INDIAN OPENWORK LATTICE PANEL 17th-18th century AD A substantial rectangular openwork marble lattice panel with scrolling floral ornament above; mounted on a custom-made stand. 32 kg total, 80cm including stand (31½"). Fine condition. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,350 - 1,910 USD 1,640 - 2,320 Provenance Property of a West London gentleman; from a private collection since 1989.

330

INDIAN OPENWORK PANEL 17th-18th century AD A substantial rectangular carved sandstone screen or panel with openwork arch with star design; mounted on a custom-made stand. 23.8 kg total, 65cm including stand (25½"). Fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,120 - 1,570 USD 1,370 - 1,910 330

138

Provenance Property of a West London gentleman; from a private collection since 1989.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


331

CHANDRAKETUGARH CERAMIC VASE WITH GODDESSES RIDING WINGED HORSES 2nd-1st century BC A bulbous ceramic vessel with elaborate frieze of six winged goddesses riding winged horses on a field of mythical stars and rosettes to the shoulder, each goddess depicted half naked, dressed in rich jewellery; a frieze of stars above and a circumferential band of rosettes below; the lower half densely covered in standing male and female figures, again half naked in various poses, some holding flowers, birds and bowls of fruit, on a field of mythical stars and rosettes, with a frieze of stars below; supplied with a custom-made stand. 812 grams total, 24.5cm including stand (9¾"). Very fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 900 - 1,120 USD 1,090 - 1,370

331

Provenance Property of a West London gentleman; from a private collection since 1989. Literature See The Metropolitan Museum of Art, accession number 2002.266, for similar, and accession number 2004.553.2, for ivory plaque with similar iconography.

332

CHANDRAKETUGARH GODDESSES

CERAMIC

VASE

WITH

GODS AND

2nd-1st century BC A piriform ceramic vessel with flared rim with branches of leaves; to the body an elaborate frieze of standing gods and goddesses in various poses, each god or goddess depicted half naked, dressed in rich jewellery; a circumferential band of rosettes below; the lower half densely covered in an elaborate frieze of elephants within a forest, with multi-layered rosette halves in between the trees; a hatched band below; supplied with a custom-made stand. 802 grams total, 24cm including stand (9½"). Very fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 900 - 1,120 USD 1,090 - 1,370 Provenance Property of a West London gentleman; from a private collection since 1989. Literature See The Metropolitan Museum of Art, accession number 2002.266, for similar, and accession number 2004.553.2, for ivory plaque with similar iconography.

332

333

CHANDRAKETUGARH GODDESSES

CERAMIC

VASE

WITH

GODS AND

2nd-1st century BC A bulbous ceramic vessel with flared rim with rosettes; to the body an elaborate frieze of standing gods and goddesses in various poses on a field of mythical stars and rosettes, each god or goddess depicted half naked, dressed in rich jewellery; a circumferential band of rosettes above and below; the shoulder densely covered in an elaborate frieze of flowers and foliage, with a band of rosettes above; supplied with a custom-made stand. 762 grams total, 24.5cm including stand (9¾"). Fine condition, rim chipped, some minor holes. £600 - 800 EUR 670 - 900 USD 820 - 1,090 Provenance Property of a West London gentleman; from a private collection since 1989. Literature See The Metropolitan Museum of Art, accession number 2002.266, for similar, and accession number 2004.553.2, for ivory plaque with similar iconography.

333

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

139


334

CHANDRAKETUGARH GODDESSES

CERAMIC

VASE

WITH

DANCING

2nd-1st century BC

334

A piriform ceramic vessel with flared rim surmounted by stars; to the body an elaborate frieze of dancing goddesses in various poses on a dense field of flowers, each goddess depicted half naked, dressed in rich jewellery; a circumferential band of ducks below in a field of mythical stars and rosettes; the neck densely covered in an elaborate frieze of foliage on a field of stars; supplied with a custom-made stand. 363 grams total, 21cm including stand (8¼"). Fine condition, rim chipped. £500 - 700 EUR 560 - 790 USD 680 - 960 Provenance Property of a West London gentleman; from a private collection since 1989. Literature See The Metropolitan Museum of Art, accession number 2002.266, for similar, and accession number 2004.553.2, for ivory plaque with similar iconography.

335

CHANDRAKETUGARH CERAMIC VASE WITH FISH-TAILED ELEPHANTS AND HOOFED GODDESSES 2nd-1st century BC A bulbous ceramic spouted vessel with elaborate frieze of six fishtailed elephants between rosettes to the shoulder; a frieze of double rosettes above surmounted by a frieze of stars, with another circumferential band of stars below; the middle of the body densely covered in conjoined pairs of winged gods and goddesses with hoofs, depicted half naked holding fruit on a field of mythical stars, flowers, and rosettes; with a frieze of stars below, and a wide band of five flowers with foliage underneath; supplied with a custom-made stand. 1 kg total, 23cm including stand (9"). Fine condition, repaired, holed and spout absent. £800 - 1,000 EUR 900 - 1,120 USD 1,090 - 1,370 Provenance Property of a West London gentleman; from a private collection since 1989.

335

Literature See The Metropolitan Museum of Art, accession number 2002.266, for similar, and accession number 2004.553.2, for ivory plaque with similar iconography.

336

CHANDRAKETUGARH CERAMIC VASE WITH SEATED GODS 2nd-1st century BC A squat ceramic vessel with flared rim with birds and rosettes; to the body an elaborate frieze of sitting gods in various poses on a field of mythical stars and rosettes, each god depicted naked, dressed in rich jewellery; a circumferential band of stars above and below; the shoulder densely covered in an elaborate frieze of flowers, with a frieze of stars above; spout to one side; supplied with a custom-made stand. 792 grams total, 21.5cm including stand (8½"). Fine condition, hole to base, small holes to body and rim worn. £800 - 1,000 EUR 900 - 1,120 USD 1,090 - 1,370 Provenance Property of a West London gentleman; from a private collection since 1989. Literature See The Metropolitan Museum of Art, accession number 2002.266, for similar, and accession number 2004.553.2, for ivory plaque with similar iconography.

336

140

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


337

CHANDRAKETUGARH GODDESSES

CERAMIC

VASE

WITH

DANCING

2nd-1st century BC A bulbous ceramic vessel with elaborate frieze of standing goddesses in various poses on a field of mythical stars and rosettes to the shoulder, each goddess depicted half naked, dressed in rich jewellery; a hatched border above and a circumferential band of stars below; the lower half densely covered in an elaborate frieze of larger standing goddesses in various poses on a field of mythical stars and rosettes, each goddess depicted half naked, dressed in rich jewellery, with a frieze of stars below; supplied with a custom-made stand. 824 grams total, 22cm including stand (8½"). Very fine condition, some minor holes. £800 - 1,000 EUR 900 - 1,120 USD 1,090 - 1,370 Provenance Property of a West London gentleman; from a private collection since 1989.

337

Literature See The Metropolitan Museum of Art, accession number 2002.266, for similar, and accession number 2004.553.2, for ivory plaque with similar iconography.

338

LARGE INDUS VALLEY FERTILITY IDOL 3rd millennium BC A large terracotta seated goddess, naked apart from a large banded collar; elaborate headdress, pinched nose and indented eyes; the hands reaching forward holding her prominent breasts, legs held together at the feet; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 800 grams total, 22cm including stand (8¾"). Fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 900 - 1,120 USD 1,090 - 1,370 Provenance Property of a West London gentleman; from a private collection since 1989.

339

INDO-BACTRIAN GOLD NECKLACE PENDANT GROUP 4th century BC A group of seven gold and garnet pendants from a necklace: four set with garnet cabochons with crescentic terminals terminating in granulated clusters; three comprising four-petalled flowers, also with crescentic terminals with granulated clusters to one end and spherical terminals to the other. 9.42 grams total, 19-25mm (¾ -1"). Fine condition. [7] £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,350 - 1,910 USD 1,640 - 2,320

338

Provenance Ex property of a London lady; formerly from the David Lindhal collection since 1969; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, GemA, ref. no. 169983/07/12/2020. Literature See Carter, M.L., Goldstein, S., Harper, P.O., Kawami, T.S., Meyers, P., Splendors of the Ancient East, Antiquities from the al-Sabah collection, London, 2013, pp.182-183, for similar style (decoration on goblet and gold sword quillons set with garnets). Footnotes The period of the Hunnish-Hephtalite domination in Bactria and Hindu Kush was rich in wonderful artefacts fabricated with gold sheet and wire, engraved and inlaid. Many objects were made with granulation and carved with cabochon garnets or flat-cut garnets, sometimes decorated with twisted wires. In this borderland province of the Sassanian Empire, the new Hunnic and Turkic invaders added to the previous artistic shapes the decoration of golden objects with brightly coloured stones, fruit of the symbiosis among the Nomad Art of the Steppe (like Scythian and Sarmatian) with the Kushans, Greek, Roman, Iranian and Indian artistic tradition.

339

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

141


Islamic Also see lots 1767 - 1821 142

Lots 340 - 348 For charges payable in addition to the ďŹ nal hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


340

ISLAMIC CALLIGRAPHIC BOWL WITH ZODIACS 12th-13th century AD A squat bronze bowl with low-relief decoration to the inner and outer faces; the interior with central reserved knotwork panel on a hatched field surround by circles of ring-and-dot punchmarks and radiating flames, outer band of reserved calligraphic Kufic text on a hatched field with circular panels containing animals and facing figures; the exterior with running reserved calligraphic band to the sidewall, underside with disc panels containing zodiacal symbols on a dense hatched field. 759 grams, 21cm (8¼"). Fine condition. £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 2,020 - 2,690 USD 2,460 - 3,280

340

Provenance Property of a London gentleman; acquired on the London art market in the 2000s. Literature Cf. von Gladiss, A., Glanz und Substanz. Metallarbeitung in der Sammlung des Museums für Islamische Kunst, Berlin, 2012, item 50, for type.

341

ISLAMIC HEAVY MORTAR WITH TEARDROP RIBS 12th-13th century AD A substantial bronze mortar with slightly convex base, straight sides and wide rim; four vertical teardrop ribs decorating the body, with a single ring handle attached to the body on one side. 8.9 kg, 21cm wide (8¼"). Fair condition. £600 - 800 EUR 670 - 900 USD 820 - 1,090

341

Provenance Property of a London gentleman; previously with Chiswick Auctions, London, UK; formerly in an old English collection.

342

ISLAMIC HEAVY MORTAR WITH RING HANDLE 11th-12th century AD A heavy bronze mortar with flared base, straight sides, and everted octagonal rim; two attachment lugs to either side of the body, one with ring handle. 7.5 kg, 18.5cm wide (7¼"). Fair condition. £400 - 600 EUR 450 - 670 USD 550 - 820 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; previously with Chiswick Auctions, London, UK; formerly in an old English collection.

342 343

ISLAMIC BRONZE OIL LAMP WITH FLORAL DESIGN 13th-15th century AD A copper-alloy oil lamp with body segmented into eight V-section lobes; trumpet-style neck with everted rim; ring handle with central ridge; shallow floral motif to the shoulder between wavy borders. 208 grams, 11cm (4¼"). Very fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 560 - 790 USD 680 - 960 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with the Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972.

343

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

143


344

345

344

345

SELJUK COLOSSAL SILVER BRACELET

SELJUK GOLD BRACELET PAIR WITH FLORAL ORNAMENTS

12th-13th century AD

11th-12th century AD

A very heavy silver penannular bracelet with keeled profile, two opposing panels to the upper face, each with a stylised floral motif on a textured background, below the panel three ring-and-dot motifs; the clubbed finials with a panel of ornate foliate design on a textured background. 462 grams, 68mm (2¾"). Fine condition. £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 2,020 - 2,690 USD 2,460 - 3,280

A matched pair of penannular gold bracelets, each a broad band with applied fastening loops to the ends forming a hinge; the bands each with raised rims and chased designs including a panel with opposed birds motif, scrolls, guilloches and linear patterns and reserved Kufic script invoking the divine name 'Allah'; mounted on two custom-made display stands. 124 grams total, 10-10.5cm including stand (4"). Fine condition. [2] £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,490 - 6,740 USD 5,470 - 8,200

Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with the Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; acquired before 1972; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10554-170877.

144

Provenance Property of a London businessman; formerly with Marko Polo Gallery, London, W1, UK; accompanied by an expertise from Striptwist Ltd, a London-based company run by historical precious metal specialist Dr Jack Ogden, reference number 190621 and an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, GemA, ref. no.168722/07/12/2020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10337-168722.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


346

SELJUK PLAITED GOLD BRACELET 11th-13th century AD A gold bracelet formed as a triangular-section band of linked loops, hinged fastener with hollow-formed disc plate, securing pin and domed openwork filigree boss. 27.52 grams, 62mm (2½"). Very fine condition. £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 2,020 - 2,690 USD 2,460 - 3,280 Provenance From the collection of a Japanese gentleman, deceased (1970-2010); collected in the 1990s; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no. 170521/07/12/2020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10529-170521.

346

Literature Cf. Christies, auction 1148, Art of the Islamic and Indian Worlds Including a Private Collection Donated to Benefit the University of Oxford, Part IV, 10 Oct 2013, lot 59; and A very similar bracelet reportedly found at Gurgan and attributed to the 11th-13th century is in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, inv. 52.32.2; Jenkins, Marilyn and Keene, Manuel, Islamic Jewelry in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1982, no.22.

347

ISLAMIC AGATE JUG 10th-12th century AD A carved banded agate jug with piriform body and cylindrical, slightly convex neck; handle carved with columns of facetted rectangles; attractive natural colour variation. 140 grams, 97mm (3¾"). Fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 900 - 1,120 USD 1,090 - 1,370 Provenance From an old British private collection; previously the property Mr. C. Sheppard, London, UK; acquired in the 1980s.

348

347

ISLAMIC TILES DECORATED WITH PERSIAN QAJAR PAINTING 19th century AD A panel of twelve glazed pictorial tiles in vibrant colours depicting a battle scene from the epic poem 'Shahnameh', written during the reign of Sultan Mahmoud Ghaznavi (979-1030 AD) and presented to him by the poet Ferdowsi, with two warriors on horseback fighting with swords, four trumpeters above and wounded figures and discarded arms below; with three small cartouches of inscription at top; the tiles set with ornamental studs at intersections; all mounted within a substantial part-gilt wooden frame for hanging or display. 24.6 kg, 87 x 68.5cm (34¼ x 27"). Fine condition. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,490 - 6,740 USD 5,470 - 8,200 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; formerly with the Mahboubian Gallery, London, UK; previously with Habib Anavian Galleries Ltd, New York, USA; accompanied by the original 1979 catalogue where this piece is published; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10492-170881. Published Imai, Ayako, Habib Anavian, Habib Anavian Galleries Ltd, New York, 1979; item number 58 .

348

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

145


Arms & Armour Also see lots 1822 - 1971

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Lots 349 - 414 For charges payable in addition to the ďŹ nal hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


349

349

CORINTHIAN HELMET OF A HOPLITE WARRIOR 6th century BC A spectacular bronze helmet of Corinthian typology raised from a single sheet, strong nose guard with rounded end, large eye openings, regularly disposed holes around the edges for the attachment of inner padding; wide flaring flange to the rear, the crown pierced for the attachment of a crest; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 3 kg total, 32cm including stand (12½"). Very fine condition. £60,000 - 80,000 EUR 67,370 - 89,830 USD 82,030 - 109,370 Provenance Property of a gentleman living in central London; formerly in an old private Japanese collection, acquired prior to 1990; accompanied by an academic report by military specialist Dr. Raffaele D'Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10400-170147.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Literature See Snodgrass, A. M., Arms & Armor of the Greeks, London, 1967; Bottini, A., Egg, M., Von Hase, F. W., Pflug, H., Schaaf, U., Schauer, P., Waurick, G., Antike Helme, Sammlung Lipperheide und andere Bestände des Antikenmuseums Berlin, Mainz, 1988; a near identical helmet in the Axel Guttman Collection (Inv. No AG 510). Footnotes The helmet is a nicely shaped, large-sized representative of the late Archaic Corinthian helmets, which were part of the equipment of the hoplites. This helmet was the most remarkable of the whole Greek world. Made mainly of a single sheet of metal, it covered almost the whole head from the collar-bone upwards. The cheek-pieces, instead of hanging, merely swept forwards continuing the lower rim of the helmet, and left only a small, roughly T-shaped aperture for the eyes, nose and mouth. All around the rim are a series of perforations, conducted for the attachment of an inner lining. The helmet belongs to the third phase of the typology of these helmets.

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350 350

GREEK CORINTHIAN HELMET Late 7th-mid 6th century BC A substantial bronze helmet of domed form, raised from a single sheet, large eye openings and arched cheek protection, the long nose guard with rounded end and two rivets from an ancient repair; a decorative band of incised lines around the edge of the opening, a single row of holes around the eyes, cheeks and nose guard for the attachment of inner padding, some holes with rivets still in situ; flaring neck guard, the crown of the helmet pierced for the attachment of a crest. 850 grams, 21cm high (8¼"). Fine condition, some restoration. £50,000 - 70,000 EUR 56,140 - 78,600 USD 68,360 - 95,700 Provenance Ex Bernd Gackstatter, Frankfurt, Germany, in 2006; previously acquired in 2001; formerly in the private collection of Mr M B., Mainz, Germany, 1990s, previously in the Axel Guttmann (1944-2001) collection, acquired in Berlin in the 1980s; accompanied by a nine page examination report from Dr. habil Mikhail Treisteran and an academic report by military specialist Dr. Raffaele

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D'Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10320169246. Literature See Kunze, E., VII. Bericht uber die Ausgrabungen in Olympia, Berlin, 1961; Snodgrass, A.M., Arms & Armor of the Greeks, London, 1967; Bottini, A. et al., Antike Helme, Sammlung Lipperheide und andere Bestände des Antikenmuseums Berlin, Mainz, 1988; a near identical helmet in Berlin, probably from Olympia and another helm from Toscana, see Bottini, A. et al., 1988, pp.398, 402. Footnotes This helmet type was a significant innovation in ancient metallurgy, because when fashioned from a single sheet of bronze (or from two sheets in some models) it effectively protected every part of the head. The helmet of this typology belongs to the second stage of production of Corinthian helmets, an early variant of the rounded shape, dating to the 7th-mid 6th century BC (Pflug, 1988, pp.73-86). The cut-offs at the base of the bowl, which separate the front part from the neck-guard, allow to collocate it in the so-called Myros group, and more in detail to the type with side-nicks (Helmen mit Seitenzwickeln) according to Künze classification.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


351 351

GREEK CHALCIDIAN HELMET 5th century BC A bronze helmet of Chalcidian type 2 variant, the crown with carinated perimeter, deep crescentic cheekpieces with small rings for attaching the chin strap, attachment hole on rear edge of cheekpiece for fastening the lining, small nose guard with moulded band around the edge, decorative eyebrow line in relief. 793 grams, 24cm (9½"). Fine condition, restored. ÂŁ12,000 - 17,000 EUR 13,470 - 19,090 USD 16,410 - 23,240 Provenance Formerly in the private collection of Mr M B., Mainz, Germany, since the 1990s; ex Axel Guttmann collection; accompanied by an expertise by military specialist Dr Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certiďŹ cate number no. 10298-168781.

For charges payable in addition to the ďŹ nal hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Literature See Furtwängler, A., Curtius, E, and Adler, F., Olympia: die Ergebnisse der von dem Deutschen Reich veranstalteten Ausgrabung (Tafelband 4): Die Bronzen und die Ăźbrigen kleineren Funde von Olympia, Berlin, 1890; Pug, H., 'Chalkidische Helme' in Antike Helme, RGZM Monographien 14, Mainz, 1988, pp.137-150; Christie's, The Axel Guttmann Collection of Ancient Arms and Armour, part 1, London, 2002; Christie's, The Axel Guttmann Collection of Ancient Arms and Armour, part 2, London, 2004; "  " . ., '  ""    "" " "' (Sarmatian Age Helmets from Eastern Europe), in Stratum Plus, n. 4, 2014, pp.249-284; similar helmets in the British Museum (from Mikrokaraburun, Macedonia, see Pug, 1988, p.140), Olympia (inv. Nr. Misc. 6385, see Furtwangler, 1890, 170 nr. 1026 pl.63) and in the Guttmann collection (Christie's, 2002, pp.62-63). Footnotes Representations of the type 2 Chalcidian helmets are found on Attic pottery as early as the 5th century BC. A beautiful example is the Attic red-ďŹ gure kylix attributed to the Foundry painter, dated 495 BC (Christie's, 2002, p.62), which conďŹ rms the use of these helmets during the Persian Wars (490-479 BC) and that this typology of Hellenic helmets was ďŹ tted with a crest.

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352

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GREEK PONTIC CHALCIDIAN HELMET 4th century BC A bronze helmet of Chalcidian typology, the bowl forged from one piece with carination to the skull, long nasal with flared rim, flared edges above the eyes and ear openings; the D-shaped and contoured cheekpieces connected to the bowl by a six-part hinge, attachment hole to each for a chin-strap. 33cm, 1.1 kg (13"). Fine condition, restored. £8,000 - 10,000 EUR 8,980 - 11,230 USD 10,940 - 13,670 Provenance Property of a London businessman; formerly with the Colisseum Project, Delaware, USA, 2005; accompanied by an archaeological report by military specialist Dr Raffaele D'Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10292-168753.

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Literature See Ohly, D., Die Ägineten, Die Ostgiebelgruppe, Munich, 1976; Pflug, H., 'Chalkidische Helme' in: Antike Helme, RGZM Monographien 14, Mainz, 1988, pp.137-150; Chernenko, E.V., The Scythians 700-300 BC, Hong Kong, 1998. Footnotes Dr. Pflug distinguished five sub-categories within the Chalcidian helmet type. The fifth sub-category, corresponding to the Kunze group VII (Pflug, 1988, p.138), is characterised by the presence of detachable cheek-guards. Among the helmets of this type that remained unpublished until 1988 are fragments of a Chalcidian helmet found in Olympia, an example which had detachable cheek-guards and lobed neck protection, indicative of an advanced stage of development. These fragments, together with the remains of previously discovered Chalcidian helmets, filled a gap in the evidence regarding the evolution of the Olympia finds, demonstrating that the custom of consecrating weapons in Greece did not end with the final iteration of the Corinthian type.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


353

353

GREEK HIGHLY TINNED CHALCIDIAN HELMET Early 4th century BC A highly tinned wide helmet of Chalcidian type with a high ridge, the dome divided into two halves by a central indented shoulder, the lower part with cut-outs for ears and eyes with raised arches, later short nose guard surmounted by thick raised eyebrows. 936 grams, 23cm (9"). Fine condition, edges ragged, cheek-pieces absent. £5,000 - 7,000 EUR 5,610 - 7,860 USD 6,840 - 9,570 Provenance Formerly in the private collection of Mr M. B., Mainz, Germany, since the 1980s; accompanied by an archaeological report by military specialist Dr Raffaele D'Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10297168782.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Literature See Ohly, D., Die Ägineten, Die Ostgiebelgruppe, Munich, 1976; Pflug, H., 'Chalkidische Helme' in Antike Helme, RGZM Monographien 14, Mainz, 1988, pp.137-150; Chernenko, E.V., The Scythians 700-300 BC, Hong Kong, 1998; Jonovski, Trakits (The Thracians), 7th century BC-1st century AD, Sofia, 2010 (in Bulgarian). Footnotes The Chalcidian type of Greek helmet was, in essence, a lighter and less restrictive form of the Corinthian helmet. Later Chalcidian helmets had hinged cheekpieces that were anatomically formed to fit closely to the face. The cheekpieces tended to curve upward towards the eye, where there were large circular openings that provided a wider field of view compared to the Corinthian helmets. Chalcidian helmets also featured an opening for the ear and a neck guard, which conformed closely to the contours of the back of the neck and terminated in a flanged lower border.

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354

354

GREEK TINNED CHALCIDIAN HELMET 5th-4th century BC A highly tinned 'silvered' helmet of Chalcidian type, the bowl forged in one piece with strong ridge and horizontal neck protection, cut-outs for ears with flared edges, later nose guard flanked by raised thick eyebrows; articulated cheekpieces with six-part hinges and contoured edges, hole for the attachment of a chin-strap; mounted on a custommade stand. 2.68 kg total, 38.5cm including stand (15''"). Very fine condition, cheek pieces repaired. £20,000 - 30,000 EUR 22,460 - 33,690 USD 27,340 - 41,020 Provenance Property of a London businessman; formerly with Piasa Auctions, Paris, France, 13 April 2005, lot 495; previously in a UK private collection, accompanied by a copy of the Piasa invoice and an archaeological report by

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military specialist Dr Raffaele D'Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10294-168754. Literature See Ohly, D., Die Ägineten, Die Ostgiebelgruppe, Munich, 1976; Pflug, H., 'Chalkidische Helme' in Antike Helme, RGZM Monographien 14, Mainz, 1988, pp.137-150; Chernenko, E.V., The Scythians 700-300 BC, Hong Kong, 1998; Jonovski, Trakits (The Thracians), 7th century BC-1st century AD, Sofia, 2010 (in Bulgarian). Footnotes Only aristocratic Thracian cavalrymen wore helmets. Helmets from northern and southern Thrace contrasted distinctively in style, with the northern helmets showing Scythian influence, while the southern helmets were mainly of Greek or Thracian style. Such helmets, when used in Greece and Macedonia, were often crested and sometimes had extra crests or feathers as side-ornaments. There are very few records of finds of Thracian helmets with traces of crest fittings.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


355 355

ARCHAIC GREEK MACEDONIAN OR ILLYRIAN BRONZE HELMET Late 7th-mid 6th century BC A hemispherical helmet raised from a single sheet of bronze, contoured crest base formed of two parallel raised ridges, rectangular cut-out for the face; smooth, slightly curving neck protection developing behind the pointed cheek guards, the pointed corners pierced for the attachment of a chin guard; the edges with a row of lentil-headed rivets; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 470 grams total, 40cm including stand (15¾"). Fine condition, restored. £12,000 - 17,000 EUR 13,470 - 19,090 USD 16,410 - 23,240 Provenance From the Raymond family collection, London, UK, formed during the early 1970s; accompanied by a report by military expert Dr Raffaele D'Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol database of stolen works of art and it is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10407-170136. Literature See Pflug, H., ‘Griechische Helme Geometrische Zeit’ and 'Illirysche Helme'

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

in Antike Helme, RGZM Monographien 14, Mainz, 1988, pp.11-64; Connolly, P., Greece and Rome at war, London, 1981; Christie's, The Axel Guttmann Collection of Ancient Arms and Armour, part 1, London, 2002; Christie's, The Axel Guttmann Collection of Ancient Arms and Armour, part 2, London, 2004; for an example of similar helmets see the Guttman collection (Christies 2002, p.66); see also another helmet from the Guttman collection (no inventory number, sold at Hermann Historica, 59th auction, 12 April 2010, lot 349) which shows the same kind of dotted perimeter and short rear flange. Footnotes The derivation of the Illyrian helmet from the Geometric Age Kegel helmets (Christie’s, 2004, p.52) has been proved by Kunzle, which explains why the early types of Illyrian helmets were especially spread in the Greek Western Peloponnese. Both types show great similarities, especially when considering the straight variant of the Kegel helmets (Pflug, 1988, pp.12ff.) with similar hemi-spherical bowl, straight neck-protection (in type 1 of Illyrian helmets, then modified in the herewith studied type II variant I), straight and long cheekpieces and the rectangular face cut-out. Another correspondence with the Kegel helmet typology is the rivet decorated borders. However, the helmets differed in the typology of production: the Illyrian helmets were mainly made of one or two pieces of bronze sheets, nailed together. Moreover the Illyrian helmets chronologically began to be visible from the first half of the 7th century, while the Kegel helmet is predominant in the 8th century BC.

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356

356

LARGE ARCHAIC GREEK MACEDONIAN OR ILLYRIAN BRONZE HELMET Late 7th-mid 6th century BC A bronze helmet raised from a single sheet, hemispherical skull with contoured crest base formed of two parallel corrugated raised ridges to the upper face, originally holding the helmet plume; rectangular cutout for the face with a border of rivets beneath a shallow narrow border; curved neck protection developing behind the wide pointed cheek-guards; originally fitted with a double profile border; mounted on a custom-made stand. 4.3 kg total, 36cm including stand (14"). Fine condition, restored. £5,000 - 7,000 EUR 5,610 - 7,860 USD 6,840 - 9,570 Provenance From a private UK collection, acquired in 1991; formerly in the Grossmann family collection, Bavaria, Germany, formed in the 1960s; accompanied by a

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report by military expert Dr. Raffaele D'Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol database of stolen works of art and it is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10293-168616. Literature See Pflug, H., 'Illirysche Helme' in Antike Helme, RGZM Monographien 14, Mainz, 1988, pp.43-64; Connolly, P., Greece and Rome at war, London, 1981; Christie's, The Axel Guttmann Collection of Ancient Arms and Armour, part 1, London, 2002; Christie's, The Axel Guttmann Collection of Ancient Arms and Armour, part 2, London, 2004; for an example of similar helmets see an example in the Guttman collection (Christie's 2002, p.66); similar to another helmet from the Guttman collection (Inv. Nr. AG 516/H 169) which shows the same kind of dotted perimeter and short rear flange. Footnotes This second type of Illyrian helmet, as shown in the Berlin specimen K4 (Pflug, 1988, p.148), is usually characterized by the rear of the skull emphasizing the dome as an independent element of the helmet, and by a neck protector that swings far back and is separated from the pointed cheek pieces by deep side gussets.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


357 357

LARGE HELLENISTIC GILT-SILVER LION HEAD MILITARY PHALERA Early 2nd century BC A silver-gilt phalera raised from a single sheet, the central motif a facing head of a lion in high-relief, holding a spear in its teeth, voluminous mane arranged in wavy locks; the head surrounded by a garland wreath and a frieze of alternating plant motifs; the flat edge with chased garland, pierced for suspension. 453 grams, 27.5cm (10ž"). Very fine condition, repaired. ÂŁ40,000 - 60,000 EUR 44,910 - 67,370 USD 54,690 - 82,030 Provenance Formerly in the Walter Bizzarri family collection since the 19th century; accompanied by a copy of a fourteen page examination report number 10½018 by Dr. habil Mikhail Treister dated 22 September 2018, an expertise from Striptwist Ltd, a London-based company run by historical precious metal specialist Dr Jack Ogden, reference number 180701, and by a report of the military expert Dr. Raffaele D’Amato, and by copies of the relevant Apollo magazine pages; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of For charges payable in addition to the ďŹ nal hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certiďŹ cate number no.10275168732. Literature See Nikonorov, V.P., The armies of Bactria 700 BC-450 AD, Stockport, 1997; Yavtushenko, I. (ed.), Masterpieces of Platar, Kiev, 2004; 45 <-9, .., 79:..,06.:9*7; ',.27< .., 79:..,06.:9*7; "%<!7< '.., .-4.,06.:9*7; "%<!7< .$., 79:..,06.:9*7; 2-9.9 .; $5(<:2:7< .'., .-4.,06.:9*7; $6<:<-, .', "<%27 , 42.(26,- 0694<-5:5 4<.5: %96<:<-5 69 94*6, "5 -, 2004; D'Amato, R. and Negin, A., Roman Heavy Cavalry (1), Cataphractarii and Clibanarii, 1st century BC-5th century AD, Oxford, 2018. Published Apollo magazine, February 2019. Footnotes The spear in the mouth of the lion is plausibly the military badge of the owner. When attached to a horse harness it would have announced the high status of elite cavalrymen. This phalera belongs to a small group of the earliest known type of Hellenistic horse shoulder Pontic phalerae. The central image of the lion is directly comparable to the emblem of an extremely rare type of silver coin minted in the Bosporan Kingdom, which may have constituted the Bosporan Royal emblem.

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358 358

PONTIC-SARMATIAN GILT SILVER PLAQUE WITH WARRIOR SCENE Early 1st century BC A gilt discoid phalera hammered from a single piece of silver, five armed warriors in high-relief dressed in Greek military dress, each a heavy horse archer as indicated by their heavy armour and gorytos slung across the back, arms protected by articulated cheira similar to Ai Khanum types, helmets mainly of Graeco-Pontic or Eastern Celtic types, only one of the archers wearing a scale cuirass. 152 grams, 15.6cm (6 ¼“"). Fine condition. £20,000 - 30,000 EUR 22,460 - 33,690 USD 27,340 - 41,020 Provenance Ex Mr M.B., Mainz, Germany, since the 1990s; accompanied by an expertise dated 4 July 2019 from Striptwist Ltd, a London-based company run by historical precious metal specialist Dr Jack Ogden, reference number 190702,

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and by a report by military expert Dr. Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10531-171769. Literature See Nikonorov, V.P., The armies of Bactria 700BC-450 AD, Stockport, 1997; $5(<:2:7<, . '., '%2( 094(9607<< -42(2:5 5 '<06<!:< -4< ' (Sarmatian Age Helmets from Eastern Europe), in Stratum Plus, n.4, 2014, pp.249-284; D'Amato R. and Negin, A., Roman Heavy Cavalry (1), Cataphractarii and Clibanarii, 1st century BC-5th century AD, Oxford, 2018. Footnotes The object was hammered from a single piece of silver and worked by the traditional repoussé technique. This phalera comes from the North Pontic region, and was used with all probability as a decoration on the higher part of the horse harness, like the phalerae visible on the armoured and unarmoured horses of the famous graffiti of Dura Europos representing Parthian, Palmyrene or Roman clibanarii (D’Amato-Negin, 2018, pp.11,16-17,26). There are no visible attachment holes or loops, but two parts of the disk circumference are damaged indicating the possibility that the phalera was probably applied to another disk forming a part of the horse harness.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


359

359

MAGYAR HORSE CHAMFRON PLAQUES OF CUCUTENI BAICENI TYPE 9th century AD A pair of silver-gilt plaque fragments: one a square fragment with gilt images of a ram and sheep, rivetted clasps to short edges for attaching to the helmet bowl; the other an oval-shaped fragment, possibly a cheekpiece, with a gilt image of a gryphon and two swans joined at the tails, three rivets below and two above; mounted on custom-made stands. 877 grams total, 22.5-23.5cm including stand (9 - 9¼"). Fine condition. Extremely rare. [2] £10,000 - 14,000 EUR 11,230 - 15,720 USD 13,670 - 19,140

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Provenance Property of a London businessman; formerly in an East European private collection, 1990s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10295168733.

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360

SCYTHO-SIBERIAN DAGGER WITH BULL POMMEL 6th-5th century BC A bronze two-edged dagger comprising a triangular blade with midrib extending to the rounded tip, flat-section grip with dentilled detailing to edges flanking high-relief chevron ornament extending to an arched lower guard with lobe finials; the pommel formed as an integral figure of a zebu modelled in the round; accompanied by a custom-made stand. 389 grams total, 37.3cm including stand (14¾"). Very fine condition. £2,500 - 3,500 EUR 2,810 - 3,930 USD 3,420 - 4,790 Provenance Previously the property of a London gentleman; acquired on the London art market, 1970-1980; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10336-168739. Literature Cf. Bonora, G.L. & Marzatico, F., Ori dei Cavalieri delle Steppe, Milan, 2007, p.125, item 10, for type.

361

SCYTHIAN DECORATED AKINAKES SWORD 4th century BC An iron akinakes sword of Central Asian typology, strong hilt, narrow ogival guard with Steppe style ornamentation, tipped hilt, triangular tapering blade fitted with a central triangular blood channel with fourteen grooves. 477 grams, 58cm (22¾"). Fine condition. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,250 - 3,370 USD 2,730 - 4,100 Provenance Ex private collection of Mr M.B., Mainz, Germany, since the 1980s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10388-169239. Literature See Gorelik, M., Weapons of Ancient East, IV millennium BC-IV century BC, Saint Petersburg, 2003, in Russian, see pl.VIII, n.53, for a similar sword; see Meliukova, A.I., Vooruzhenie skifov. Moskva: Nauka Svod arheologicheskih istochnikov, Moscow, 1964, pl.18,10, for a sword from Sofievska.

362

SARMATIAN SPATHA SWORD 4th-5th century AD An iron two-edged longsword or spatha with lentoid-section blade, shoulder slightly flared, tapering neck and narrow tang with transverse fixing pin for the scales and pommel; one section of blade carefully cleaned and conserved to reveal the profile with plain steel edges and damascus steel core. 779 grams, 91.5cm (36"). Fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,120 - 1,570 USD 1,370 - 1,910

360

Provenance Ex private collection of Mr M.B., Mainz, Germany, since the 1980s. Literature Cf. Menghin, W., The Merovingian Period. Europe Without Borders, Berlin, 2007, items I.34.5, I.38.1, for type.

361

363

SCYTHIAN AKINAKES SWORD WITH WIDE BLADE 4th century BC 363

362

An iron akinakes sword of Central Asian typology, strong hilt, narrow ogival guard incorporated in the blade, tipped hilt, triangular tapering blade. 538 grams, 80cm (31 (½)"). Fine condition. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,350 - 1,910 USD 1,640 - 2,320 Provenance Ex private collection of Mr M.B., Mainz, Germany, since the 1980s. Literature See Gorelik, M., Weapons of Ancient East, IV millennium BC-IV century BC, Saint Petersburg, 2003, pl.XIV, n.21,49, for the typology.

158

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


364

364

ROMAN MATER CASTRORUM TYPE CAVALRY SPORTS HELMET Late 2nd-early 3rd century AD A complete bronze female type sports mask of Robinson's Type E and of Mater Castrorum type, composed of two parts: the face mask with female features, the lips slightly parted, nose with ventilation holes, openwork eyes with delicately pierced rings forming the irises, hatched detailing to eyelashes and eyebrows, the falling wavy hairstyle that of a Roman Matrona, adorned with diadems, garlands and other jewellery, the hair divided into two sections, the first section framing the face and the second section worn as a wig over the other, attachment holes to the lower edge; the back part of the mask covered with curly hair, a small bun at the nape of the neck, the short neck guard with holes for fastening the lining, a fastening rivet to the top of the skull flanked by two small horns. 890 grams total, 26-28cm (10¼ - 11"). Fine condition, restored. [2] £30,000 - 40,000 EUR 33,690 - 44,910 USD 41,020 - 54,690

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Provenance From an important East Anglian collection of arms and armour; acquired from a Dutch private collection in the 1990s; previously in a Swiss family collection since before 1980; accompanied by an academic report by military specialist Dr Raffaele D'Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10301-168686. Literature See Robinson, R., The Armour of Imperial Rome, New York, 1975; Garbsch, J., Römische Paraderustüngen, München, 1979; D'Amato, R. and Negin, A., Decorated Roman Armour, London, 2017. Footnotes As explained by Prof. A. Negin, female masks were the result of the ceremonial aspect of life in the Roman imperial army and were a cultural phenomenon. Consequently, it is rather difficult to interpret the purpose of each specific mask; however, in general, it is possible to discuss their basic functions associated with various ceremonial practices. Our mask, which finds assonance with a face-mask helmet of the same period from a private collection in Plymouth, Providence Academy, or with the three-part Pfrondorf helmet (D’Amato-Negin, 2017, figs.170, 262), could have been either of the well known types of female mask helmets in the Roman army, either a stylised representation of the Gorgon Medusa, or most probably representing the ‘Mother of the Camp’ (Mater Castrorum).

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365

365

ROMAN WEISENAU LEGIONARY HELMET OF IMPERIAL GALLIC TYPE 1st-2nd century AD A relatively heavy bronze legionary helmet, consisting of embossed skull and wide neck-guard with flanged ear-guards, traced eyebrows to the front; the flat brow band with rivets a later addition; a copper rivet below the neck-guard for fastening an eyelet for the attachment of chin-guard straps, a rare feature; a battle sign derived from the blow of a stone or sling-shot bullet (glanda) is visible on the left upper rear part of the skull. 1.1 kg total, 28cm (11"). Fine condition, restored. Rare. £30,000 - 40,000 EUR 33,690 - 44,910 USD 41,020 - 54,690

160

Provenance Formerly in the private collection of Mr M. B., Mainz, Germany, since the 1990s; believed previously in the Axel Guttman collection; accompanied by an expertise by military archaeologist Raffaele D'Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10291-168755. Literature See Robinson, R., The Armour of Imperial Rome, New York, 1975; D'Amato, R., Arms and Armour of the Imperial Roman Soldier, London, 2009; Travis, H. & Travis, J., Roman helmets, Stroud, 2014.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


366

366

ROMAN MONTEFORTINO LEGIONARY HELMET 1st century BC-1st century AD A relatively light bronze legionary helmet with bulbous domed bowl, small crest knob with flattened top, pierced at the centre for insertion of a crest pin; narrow neck guard with thickened rim; fastening clasps for the cheek-guards inside the bowl. 885 grams, 21cm (10"). Fine condition. Rare. £8,000 - 10,000 EUR 8,980 - 11,230 USD 10,940 - 13,670

Provenance Formerly in the private collection of Mr M. B., Mainz, Germany, since the 1990s; previously in the Axel Guttman collection; accompanied by an expertise by military archaeologist Dr Raffaele D'Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10299-168756. Literature See Robinson, R., The Armour of Imperial Rome, New York, 1975, pls.6-25 pp.18ff; Schaaf, U., 'Etruskich-Römische Helme' in Antike Helme, RGZM Monographien 14, Mainz, 1988, pp.318-326; D'Amato, R., Arms and Armour of the Imperial Roman Soldier, London, 2009; Christie's, The Axel Guttmann Collection of Ancient Arms and Armour, part 1, London, 2002, p.102; Travis, H & J., Roman helmets, Stroud, 2014. Footnotes The use of the Etrusco-Italic tradition of the 'Montefortino' style helmet continued through the late Consular Age and into the early Imperial period, as shown on the Altar of Domitius Ahenobarbus and on the monument of Flavius Mikkales.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

161


371

367

162

368

369

370

372

For charges payable in addition to the ďŹ nal hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


367

ROMAN GLADIUS LONG SWORD Mid 1st-mid 3rd century AD

grams, 81cm (whole blade), 5cm the tang, 4.5 cm of width (32"). Fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 670 - 900 USD 820 - 1,090

A double-edged iron sword of Pompeii typology with parallel cutting edges tapering towards the triangular point, battle nicks to the edges, shallow blood channel and long tang. 855 grams, 84cm (32"). Fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,680 - 2,250 USD 2,050 - 2,730

Provenance From the collection of a Surrey gentleman; acquired 1970-1980.

Provenance Property of an English collector; acquired in the Netherlands before 2000; accompanied by an expertise by military specialist Dr. Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10397-169266.

371

Literature See Curle, J., A Roman Frontier Post and its People, the Fort of Newstead in the Parish of Melrose, Glasgow, 1911; Bishop, M. C. & Coulston, J.C.N., Roman military equipment, from the Punic wars to the fall of Rome, London, 1993; Antonucci, C., ‘The Praetorians, the bodyguard of the Emperor Trajan, 2nd cent. AD’, in Ancient Warrior,1, Stockport, 1994, pp.3ff.; Feugère, M., Weapons of the Romans, Port Stroud, 2002; Bishop, M. C. & Coulston, J.C.N., Roman military equipment, from the Punic wars to the fall of Rome, London, 2006; Miks, C., Studien zur Romischen Schwertbewaffnung in der Kaiserzeit, I-II Banden, Rahden, 2007; for very similar specimens see Miks, 2007, n.A792 (Windisch, length 64 cm); A821 (Zwammerdam, length 71cm); A302 (Hofstade Steenberg, length 64cm); A369 (Korytnica, length 76.2cm); A354 (KleinWinternheim, length 67cm).

Literature See Popov, S., 'Four Swords from the National Archaeological Museum in Sofia' in Lazarenko I, Acta Musei Varnaensis X, 1–2, Varna, 2018, pp.137-142.

ROMAN HEAVILY DECORATED PUGIO DAGGER 1st century BC-1st century AD An iron military pugio dagger of period II, with prominent and rich decoration, comprising a short lanceolate blade with shallow midrib and acute edges, flat shoulders, narrow point, trapezoid-shaped guard with chamfered upper edges and two decorative studs, handle with central knob displaying a bronze stud, a semi-circular shaped pommel with two decorative studs; the hilt inlaid with copper and silver sinusoid and snake coils, the pommel with tetragammadion or solar symbol in the centre on each side, the central knob ornamented with chevrons. 530 grams, 31.5cm (12¼"). Very fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470

Circa 300 AD

Provenance Property of an English collector; acquired in Netherlands before 2000; accompanied by an archaeological report by military specialist Dr. Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10405169268.

A double-edged spatha long sword of Illerup-Wyhl typology with excellently preserved blade, three blood channels running along its length, parallel cutting edges tapering towards the point; long tang. 1.1 kg, 98.5cm (38¾"). Fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,120 - 1,570 USD 1,370 - 1,910

Literature See Bishop, M.C. & Coulston, J.C.N., Roman military equipment, from the Punic wars to the fall of Rome, London, 1993; Bishop, M.C. & Coulston, J.C.N., Roman military equipment from the Punic Wars to the fall of Rome, London, 2006; Casprini, F. & Saliola, M., Pugio gladius brevis est, storia e tecnologia del pugnale da guerra romano, Roma, 2012, pp.120-121, for similar specimens.

Provenance Property of an English collector; acquired in Netherlands before 2000; accompanied by an expertise by military specialist Dr. Raffaele D’Amato.

372

368

ROMAN SPATHA LONG SWORD WITH BLOOD CHANNELS

Literature See Bishop, M.C. & Coulston, J.C.N., Roman military equipment, from the Punic wars to the fall of Rome, London, 1993; Miks, C., Studien zur Romischen Schwertbewaffnung in der Kaiserzeit, I-II Banden, Rahden, 2007; D’Amato, R., Roman army Units in the Western Provinces, Oxford, 2019; for very similar specimens see Miks, 2007, n.A146,36,37,43 (Illerup).

369

ROMAN 'HERULIAN' SPATHA SWORD 5th-7th century AD A double-edged spatha with a parallel-sided iron blade and well preserved pointed tip; battle nicks on both cutting edges; the hilt and the medium length tang extending along the blade through a sleeve. 598 grams, 89cm (35"). Fair condition. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,350 - 1,910 USD 1,640 - 2,320 Provenance Ex private collection of Mr M.B., Mainz, Germany, since the 1980s. Literature See Lebedinski, I., Armes et guerriers Barbares au temps des grandes invasions IVème au Vième siècle après J.C., Paris, 2001, p.118, similar example from Chapka-Tserkovnyi Kholm (Abkhazia); Kazanski, M., Mastykova, A., Tsibilium II, La nécropole apsile de Tsibilium, l’étude du site, BAR, 2007, see swords on plates 6 n.27 (Chapka-Cerkovnyj Holm), 13 n.14 (Lyhny).

370

EASTERN ROMAN SPATHION SWORD

ROMAN PUGIO DAGGER Mid 3rd century AD An iron short dagger or pugio of 'Kunzing Type', with double-edged blade, the blade characteristically leaf-shaped with pronounced waist and a double longitudinal channel defining a rib, which is typical of this category; the sides are parallel, the iron grip originally would have been covered with bone or ivory, having inverted T-shaped grip plates with crescentic pommel; handle with bi-lobed pommel with a small knob, made with composite and framing techniques. 292 grams, 33cm (13"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 560 - 790 USD 680 - 960 Provenance Property of an East Anglian collector; formerly acquired on the European art market in the 1990s. Literature See Bishop, M. C. & Coulston, J.C.N., Roman military equipment, from the Punic wars to the fall of Rome, London, 1993; Kennedy, D., The twin towns of Zeugma on the Euphrates, Portsmouth, 1998; Ba=gelen, N. & Ergeç, R., Belkis/Zeugma, Halfeti, Rumkale, a last look at history, Istanbul, 2000; Bishop, M. C. & Coulston, J.C.N., Roman military equipment from the Punic Wars to the fall of Rome, London, 2006; Feugère, M., ‘Roman militaria from Zeugma’, in Ergeç, R. (ed.), International Symposium on Zeugma: from Past to Future, Gaziantep, 2006, 91-96; Ibañez, F.C., ‘Post Vestigium Exercitus. Militaria romana en la región septentrional de la Península Ibérica durante la época Altoimperial’, in Morillo, A. (ed.), Actas del II Congreso de Arqueología Miltar Romana en Hispania. Universidad de León-Ayuntamiento de León, León, 2006, pp.257-308; Casprini, F., Saliola, M., Pugio gladius brevis est, storia e tecnologia del pugnale da guerra romano, Roma, 2012.

9th-11th century AD An iron spathion sword with long, double-edged parallel blade, a tapering, medium length tang, retaining possible remains of the fabrica mark in the middle, near the rivet hole for the handle. 698

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Footnotes This dagger belongs to the last period of evolution of the Roman pugio, the so-called Kunzing type (from the German locality in which a hoard of these pugiones was found). Compared to previous types of the 1st-2nd century AD, the blade of this weapon shows a considerable size, up to 45 cm and longer, showing a plain appearance and no decoration, even on the scabbard.

163


373 373

URARTIAN HELMET WITH EMBOSSED DESIGN Early 8th century BC A broad hammered bronze helmet of conical form, produced from a single sheet of metal, the front with a raised linear motive, three encircling ribs above the brim, the arched ribs with round pointed terminals forming abstract linear motifs resembling eyebrows; pierced holes to the edge for rings for cheek-pieces; mounted on a custommade display stand. 2.5 kg total, 51cm including stand (20"). Fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470 Provenance From a UK private collection, 1960s; accompanied by an archaeological report by military specialist Dr Raffaele D'Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10512-171102. Literature See Borchardt, J., Homerische Helme: Helmenformen der Ág9is in ihren Beziehungen zu orientalischen und europäischen Helmen in der Bronze-und frühen Eisenzeit, Mainz, 1972; Born, H., Seidl, U., Schutzwaffen aus Assyrien und Urartu, Sammlung Axel Guttmann IV, Mainz, 1995; Christie’s, The art of the warfare, the Axel Guttmann collection, Part I, Wednesday 6 November 2002, London, 2001, especially nr.11; Christie’s, The art of the warfare, the Axel Guttmann collection, Part II, Wednesday 28 April 2004, London, 2004,

164

374 n.33; Dezs7, T., Near Eastern Helmets of the Iron Age, (British Archaeological Reports, S992), Oxford, 2001; Gorelik, M., Weapons of Ancient East, IV millennium BC-IV century BC, Saint Petersburg (2003) in Russian; similar helmets in Borchardt, 1972, pp.103ff., esp. pl.35 cat.24,VI,1; Christie’s, 2004, p.35; other parallels in Gorelik, 2003, pl.LXI n.77, from the surroundings of the Lake Urmia, preserved in Tokyo, Museum of the Ancient East. Footnotes It has been suggested by Born and Seidl that the abstract motif may represent either a lightning bolt, a pair of antlers, a sacred tree or possibly a stylised winged sun. One cannot exclude the possibility that it was a heraldic symbol (tamga) of some Urartian family.

374

NORTH WEST PERSIAN SHIELD TONDO Early 1st millennium BC A domed sheet-bronze shield panel with raised carinated knop to the centre, concentric bands of repoussé ornament including bosses, zigzags, vertical bars and arches with interstitial bosses (masks?), all with pointillé outlining; pairs of holes to the rim. 417 grams, 30.5cm (12"). Fine condition, usage wear. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,120 - 1,570 USD 1,370 - 1,910 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; acquired on the London art market before 2000; believed to have been previously part of the Axel Guttmann collection.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


375

376 375

URARTIAN BELT ARMOUR WITH HUNTING FRIEZES

376

URARTIAN BELT ARMOUR WITH HUNTING SCENES

8th-7th century BC

7th century BC

A broad hammered bronze military belt or cuirass band, the register decorated in chased low-relief with hunting scenes including a leaping lion, a mounted huntsman, a chariot with driver and bowman, a stylised tree with vertical florets, a rosette or sun-wheel; raised ribs between the friezes and to the outer edges; perforated around the edges for attachment to a leather lining; mounted on a custom-made stand. 1.3 kg total, 36cm including stand (14¼"). Fine condition, repaired. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,120 - 1,570 USD 1,370 - 1,910

A broad hammered bronze military belt or cuirass band, the register decorated in chased low relief with hunting scenes including groups of three leaping lions, goats and bulls; stylised trees and bushes; rosettes, gryphons, huntsmen on prancing horses and other motifs between raised ribs; perforated around the edges for attachment to a leather lining; securing to one edge; mounted on a custom-made stand. 1.6 kg total, 41cm including stand (16¼"). Fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,680 - 2,250 USD 2,050 - 2,730

Provenance Property of a London gentleman; acquired on the London art market before 2000; believed to have been previously part of the Axel Guttmann collection. Literature See -5%1, .., 0&+331.% VI-V )). $0 1. . ) &0+5" 5 5$.15, , 1965; Born, H., Seidl U., Schutzwaffen aus Assyrien und Urartu, Sammlung Axel Guttmann IV, Mainz, 1995; Gorelik, M., Weapons of Ancient East, IV millennium BC-IV century BC, Saint Petersburg, 2003, in Russian.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Provenance Property of a London gentleman; acquired on the London art market before 2000; believed previously part of the Axel Guttmann collection. Literature See -5%1, .., 0&+331.% VI-V )). $0 1. . ) &0+5" 5 5$.15, A, 1965; Born, H., Seidl, U., Schutzwaffen aus Assyrien und Urartu, Sammlung Axel Guttmann IV, Mainz, 1995; Gorelik, M., Weapons of Ancient East, IV millennium BC-IV century BC, Saint Petersburg, 2003.

165


377

378

377

ACHAEMENID SILVER HILTED DAGGER 6th century BC An iron dagger with hilt clad in sheet-silver and shaped as the head and neck of a horse, the mane of the horse in low-relief, large suspension ring to the side of the hilt; a sheet-silver mount with guttering mounted on a modern acrylic scabbard for display. 495 grams, 43cm (17"). Fine condition. £6,000 - 8,000 EUR 6,740 - 8,980 USD 8,200 - 10,940 Provenance Previously in the collection of a respected gentleman, acquired before 1985; accompanied by an archaeological expertise by Dr. Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10486-171119. Literature See Schmidt, E.F., Persepolis II, Contents of the Treasury and other discoveries, Oriental Institute Publications Volume LXIX, Chicago, 1957; Zoka, Y., Arteshe Shahanshahi Iran Az Kurosh Ta Pahlavi (The Royal Army of Iran from Kurosh to Phalavil), Tehran, 1971; Head, D., The Achaemenid Persian Army, Stockport, 1992; Khorasani, M.M., Arms and Armour from Iran - The Bronze Age to the End of the Qajar Period, Tuebingen, 2006. Footnotes According to Zoka, the Achaemenids did not use long swords but instead used short swords called akenakes, the length varying between 40 to 50 cm. The akenakes of the Median Guards from the Persepolis reliefs (east face of the council hall), are represented as straight daggers with a short hilt, without decoration. But the akenakes of the king’s weapon bearer (southern relief from the Persepolis treasury) has a heavily decorated sheath. Most of the swords and daggers found in Persepolis are made in iron and have hilts made in bronze, but some finds from Persepolis suggest also the possibility of hilts were made in silver.

378

LURISTAN SWORD WITH BRONZE HILT 13th-7th century BC An iron short sword with slender double-edged blade and pointed tip; bronze handle with narrow lower guard with incised chevron motifs,

166

379

380

balustered handle, discoid pommel with curving edges, the upper face with incised chevron border; mounted on custom-made display stand. 1.6 kg, 67cm including stand (26¼"). Fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 900 - 1,120 USD 1,090 - 1,370 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; previously acquired on the UK art market in the 1990s; formerly in a 1980s collection.

379

LURISTAN SWORD WITH ELABORATE POMMEL 8th-7th century BC A long sword with double-edged iron lentoid-section blade, bronze hilt with scooped lower guard, three beaded collars, pommel with lobe finials and raised knops to the upper faces; mounted on a custommade display stand. 2.7 kg total, 82cm including stand (32¼"). Fair condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 900 - 1,120 USD 1,090 - 1,370 Provenance Property of a West London gentleman; from a private collection since 1989. Literature Cf. Khorasani, M.M., Arms and Armour from Iran. The Bronze Age to the End of the Qajar Period, Tübingen, 2006, item 19.

380

LARGE URARTIAN SOCKETTED JAVELIN 6th century BC A bronze long javelin with slender rectangular-section blade, three raised bosses to base; tubular tapering socket with herringbone and circumferential banding, raised bosses to the lower end with piercings; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 1.1 kg, 56.5cm including stand (22¼"). Very fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 560 - 790 USD 680 - 960 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; previously acquired on the UK art market in the 1990s; formerly in a 1980s collection.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


381

LURISTAN SWORD WITH BRONZE HILT 13th-6th century BC A sword comprising a two-edged lentoid-section iron blade with rounded tip, narrow shoulders encased in a bronze sleeve extending to the grip with incised hatching; pommel formed as two inverted cups with ropework border. 977 grams, 90cm (35¼"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £800 - 1,000 EUR 900 - 1,120 USD 1,090 - 1,370 Provenance Ex Cambridgeshire collection; formerly with Coincraft, London, UK, 1990s. Literature Cf. Khorasani, M.M., Arms and Armour from Iran. The Bronze Age to the End of the Qajar Period, Tübingen, 2006, p.64-5, for discussion of type.

382

WESTERN ASIATIC SWORD WITH BLOOD CHANNELS 2nd millennium BC A substantial bronze short sword with broad triangular, double-edged blade and central midrib; crescent guard to the shoulders; roundsection grip with domed pommel and columnar finial. 828 grams, 60cm (23½"). Fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 900 - 1,120 USD 1,090 - 1,370 Provenance Ex Abelita family collection, 1970s-2000s. Literature See Khorasani, M.M., Arms and Armour from Iran. The Bronze Age to the End of the Qajar Period, Tübingen, 2006, cat.35, for type.

383

LURISTAN DAGGER WITH BLOOD CHANNELS 1st millennium BC A substantial bronze sword with leaf-shaped blade with rounded shoulders, raised midrib with fullers and curved ends extending to the shoulders; lower guard with three projections and fluted grip, crescentic pommel formed of two plaques. 1.3 kg, 63cm (24¾"). Fine condition, chip to hilt. £800 - 1,000 EUR 900 - 1,120 USD 1,090 - 1,370

382

383

384

385

Provenance Ex Abelita family collection, 1970s-2000s.

384

LURISTAN SHORT SWORD WITH BLOOD CHANNELS 1st millennium BC A bronze short sword comprising a broad triangular two-edged blade with median panel developing to a midrib above the point, lower guard with barbed shoulders and three projections to each face, columnar grip with blocks of raised pointillé detailing, conical pommel with four projecting spurs, acute point, ring-and-dot motif to both faces. 834 grams, 69.5cm (27¼"). Fine condition, hilt repaired. £800 - 1,000 EUR 900 - 1,120 USD 1,090 - 1,370 Provenance Ex Abelita family collection, 1970s-2000s. Literature Cf. Khorasani, M.M., Arms and Armour from Iran. The Bronze Age to the End of the Qajar Period, Tübingen, 2006, item 48 (where the bronze hilt is fitted to an iron blade).

385

LURISTAN IRON SWORD WITH BRONZE CLAD HANDLE 8th-7th century BC A sword with leaf-shaped iron blade, double-waisted grip with transverse collar, the pommel formed as two crescentic iron spayed lobes, the hilt clad with bronze. 639 grams, 48.5cm (19"). Fine condition. £700 - 900 EUR 790 - 1,010 USD 960 - 1,230 Provenance Ex Abelita family collection, 1970s-2000s.

381

Literature See Khorasani, M.M., Arms and Armour from Iran. The Bronze Age to the End of the Qajar Period, Tübingen, 2006, p.384, no.20, for similar. For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

167


386

386

CAUCASIAN KOBAN CULTURE AXEHEAD WITH ENGRAVED DRAGON HEADS 12th-8th century BC A bronze axehead with elliptical ribbed socket and short curved butt, blade with swept lower edge; engraved decoration to both faces including a frieze of graduated dragon-heads; panels of reserved pounced zigzags and eye motifs; mounted on a custom-made stand. 797 grams total, 19cm including stand (7½"). Very fine condition. £20,000 - 30,000 EUR 22,460 - 33,690 USD 27,340 - 41,020

168

Provenance Ex N.M., former Israeli Ambassador to Austria (1998-2000); acquired from Mr R.D. of Vienna in 1998; acquired by Mr R.D. in the 1970s from the descendants of Franz Hancar (1893-1968), a famous scholar and expert in ancient Caucasian cultures; he is believed to have received the axehead circa 1930 from Franz Heger (1853-1931), an Austrian traveller and explorer who bought it as part of a collection during his travels in the Caucasus in 1890; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10341-168741. Published Apollo magazine, May 2019.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


387 387

SCYTHIAN MILITARY STANDARD FINIAL WITH ANIMALS 4th century BC A large bronze standard finial with pierced central plate forming scrolls along central spine with incised ornament and surmounted by a birdhead in the round; the base a tapered socket with fixing holes and bearing a crossbar with antlered stag's head in the round at centre and with four suspended conical bells. 821 grams, 40cm (15ž"). Fine condition. Very rare. ÂŁ15,000 - 20,000 EUR 16,840 - 22,460 USD 20,510 - 27,340 Provenance Ex collection of N.M., former Israeli Ambassador to Austria (1998-2000); acquired from Mr R.D. of Vienna in 1998; acquired by Mr R.D. in the 1950s from the descendants of Franz Hancar (1893-1968), a famous scholar and expert in ancient Caucasian cultures; he is believed to have received the standard circa 1930 from Franz Heger (1853-1931), an Austrian traveller and explorer who bought it as part of a collection during his travels in the Caucasus in 1890; accompanied by a copy of a nine page examination report number 137/2015 by Dr. habil Mikhail Treister, and an archaeological report by Dr. Raffaele Dâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certiďŹ cate number no.10418170710.

For charges payable in addition to the ďŹ nal hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Literature See Salmony, A., â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;An unknown Scythian ďŹ nd in Novocherkasskâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; in Eurasia Septentrionalis Antiqua, 1936, X, pp.54-60; Loehr, M., â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;The Stag Image in Scythia and the Far Eastâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; in Archives of the Chinese Art Society of America Volume 9, 1955, pp.63-76; Galanina, L.K., & Grach, N., Scythian Art, Leningrad, 1986; Leskov, A.M.,Grabschätze der Adygeen, Munich, 1990; Schiltz, V., Die Skythen und andere SteppenvĂślker, Munich, 1994; Jacobson, E., The Art of the Scythians; the interpenetration of cultures at the edge of the Hellenic World, Leiden, New York & Cologne, 1995; Galanina, L.K., Die Kurgane von Kelermes:â&#x20AC;&#x153;KĂśnigsgräberâ&#x20AC;? der frĂźhskythischen Zeit, Moscow, 1997; 5#51.15, .., â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;01-'03 -15+%31.3 . '0##3' .. 3#. 5)3(.1-'." $+3)10-(3, "+51% ."-% ) 0-$5+-()3110 + .(53 (+5-'0'. .. 3-3#0)-'0&0 1914, 1915, 1917 &&.)â&#x20AC;&#x2122; in . .38. 51'(-3(3++&.: 0-$5+-()311 + .(5, Saint Petersburg, 2010. pp.107-122; the closest parallel to our standard ďŹ nial is a pair of bronze top-poles with the same iconographical scheme kept in the Museum of Novocherkassk (Salmony, 1936, pp.54-55, ďŹ g.1). Footnotes The Scythian standards were usually made of cast bronze ďŹ gures, bearing iconography typical of the royal mounds of the Scythian steppes. They could be used as pole ďŹ nials but also as adornments of funeral chariots. The top, as a rule, was decorated with ďŹ gurines or images of individual parts of fantastic creatures or animals (birds of prey, herbivores), among which the stag, one of the pre-eminent motifs in the art of Scythia, probably a Siberian or Chinese iconographic motive imported in the Scythian art, was the favourite.

169


388 388

SCYTHIAN HORSE CHAMFRON WITH ENGRAVED HEADS

(+5-'0'. .. 3-3#0)-'0&0 1914, 1915, 1917 &&.)â&#x20AC;&#x2122; in . .38. 51'(3(3++&.: 0-$5+-()311 + .(5, Saint Petersburg, 2010, pp.107-122.

4th century BC A bronze openwork horse frontlet with the lower part shaped as a stylised head of a horse, incised detail to front surfaces including stylised horse heads; a fixing loop to lower reverse. 275 grams, 39.5cm (15½"). Fine condition. ÂŁ15,000 - 20,000 EUR 16,840 - 22,460 USD 20,510 - 27,340 Provenance From a private collection; formerly in the New York private collection of Dr V. Gorovits, part of the Gorovits family collection, since at least the 1940s; accompanied by a copy of a four page examination report number 137/2015 by Dr. Habil Mikhail Treister, and an archaeological report by Dr. Raffaele Dâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certiďŹ cate number no. 10416170709. Literature See Melyukova, A.I., Stepi evrope:skoy chasti SSSR v skifo-sarmatskoe vremya (Steppes of the European part of the USSR in the Scytho-Sarmatian period, Moscow, 1989; Leskov, A.M., Grabschätze der Adygeen, Munich, 1990; Galanina, L.K., Die Kurgane von Kelermes: 'KĂśnigsgräber' der frĂźhskythischen Zeit, Moscow, 1997; 5#51.15, .., â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;01-'03 -15+%31.3 . '0##3' .. 3#. 5)3(.1-'." $+3)10-(3, "+51% ."-% ) 0-$5+-()3110 + .(53

170

Footnotes Usually the Scythian warrior burials were accompanied by horses - the number of which corresponded to the status of the deceased (Galanina, 1987, p.54, ďŹ g.16) and were buried with their complete harness. A typical horse bridle consisted of a bronze bit with stirrup-shaped ends or an iron bit with looped ends and cheek-pieces joined to these with straps. The cheek-pieces were usually made of iron with three loops and a curved or straight end, or they were made of bone with three holes in and with extremities decorated with depictions in animal style; less often they were made of bronze and have three holes (Meljukova, 1989, pl.35). Wooden cheek-pieces with bone ends were also used. These bridles also incorporated separators at the points where muzzle straps crossed, so that they would not become tangled, as well as decorative plaques. Nose-plate chamfrons, like our specimen, were high decorative parts of the horse harnesses. Bronze open-worked frontlets like these ones were found with horses in the Barrow-mound no 5 of the Ulyap burial-ground in the Kuban basin, and their secure dating at the 4th century BC was established by the Thasian amphoras found in the respective graves (nn. 14-15-21, see Leskov, 1990, ďŹ gs.180,183). Also the decoration of the chamfron with incised lines ďŹ nds various parallels both on frontlets from Barrow-Mounds nos. 4/1913 and 4/1917 near Elizavetinskaya Kossack-Village, in Kuban Basin, and from Gyuenos in Abkhazia (Galanina, 2010, pl.7,12). The piece belongs to a rare type of chamfron, known only from rare ďŹ nds in the Schythian and Maiotian burials of 5th â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 4th centuries BC. These frontlets were most probably realised in the Kuban Area, and mostly dated, considered the Greek Amphoras of Herakleia Pontike and Thasos found with them, from the middle to the second half of the 4th century BC. For charges payable in addition to the ďŹ nal hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


389

389

EASTERN ROMAN OR GOTHIC BANDHELM SEGMENTED HELMET 6th-7th century AD A segmented iron helmet formed from overlapping and rivetted sheets, two upper bands forming a cross running front-to-back and side-to-side; a separately made headband formed of three bands, the lower edge perforated for the attachment of a lining or ring mail; a substantial nose guard rivetted to the frontal band. 1.5 kg, 26cm including nasal (10¼"). Fine condition. £6,000 - 8,000 EUR 6,740 - 8,980 USD 8,200 - 10,940 Provenance Property of an English collector; acquired in Netherlands before 2000; accompanied by an archaeological report by military specialist Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10398169267.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Literature See Vogt, M., Spangenhelme, Darmstadt, 2006; Miks, C., ‘Relikte eines Fruhmittelalterlichen Oberschichtgrabes?,’ in Jahrbuch des RGZM, 2009, 56, pp.396-538. Footnotes The helmet belongs to the category of the so-called Kreuzbanden-helmen, the variant virtually identical to a helmet recently published by the RömischGermanischen Zentralmuseums Mainz (Miks, 2009, pp.396ff.). Helmets of this type seem to have been the most used helmet between the end of the 5th century and the beginning of the 6th century, as various specimens have been found in the European territory. Originally thought of being of Germanic production, they were instead made in the workshops of the Eastern Roman Empire, as proved by the excavations of Justiniana Prima (Caricin Grad) of Professor Vujadin Ivanisevic.

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EAST-ROMAN MIGRATION PERIOD SWORD WITH JEWELLED GUARD

LATE ROMAN OR GOTHIC SWORD WITH JEWELLED GUARD 5th-6th century AD

5th century AD

172

A double-edged sword with broad pointed tip, battle nicks to both cutting edges and traces of scabbard to blade; the gilt lower guard with inset cloisonné garnets and four cut malachite inserts; the bronze guard extending over the tang, a silver rivet to the upper part of the tang, remains of wooden grip; mounted on a custom-made stand. 2.9 kg including stand, 100cm (39¼"). Fine condition. £30,000 - 40,000 EUR 33,690 - 44,910 USD 41,020 - 54,690

An iron two-edged cavalry spatha sword with a parallel-sided blade with broad pointed tip, battle nicks to both cutting edges; trapezoidal bronze lower guard with gilt chip-carved plate, decorated with a set of cloisonné garnets divided horizontally, long tang; a gold repoussé band from the scabbard with incised geometric pattern, set in a modern black leather scabbard. 1.1 kg total, 104cm (41"). Fine condition. £15,000 - 20,000 EUR 16,840 - 22,460 USD 20,510 - 27,340

Provenance Ex Mr M. B., Mainz, Germany, since the 1990s; previously the property of his grandfather since the 1960s; accompanied by an archaeological report by military specialist Dr Raffaele D’Amato; accompanied by an expertise by Dr. Noel Adams; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10302168751.

Provenance Formerly with David Aaron gallery; ex private German collection, Mainz, German, since 2004; previously in the private Eastern European collection since the mid-1960s, kept in Germany since 1991; accompanied by an archaeological report by military specialist Dr. Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10532-171768.

Literature See Behmer, E., Das zweischneidige Schwert der germanischen Völkerwanderungszeit, Stockholm, 1939; Périn, P., Kazanski, M., ‘La tombe de Childéric, le Danube et la Méditerranée’ in Villes et campagnes en Neustrie, (Europe médiévale, 8) Montagnac, 2007, pp.29-38; Lebedinsky, I., Armes et guerriers barbares au temps des grandes invasions, Paris, 2001; Spier, J., Treasures of the Ferrell collection, Wiesbaden, 2010.

Literature See Behmer, E., Das zweischneidige Schwert der germanischen Völkerwanderungszeit, Stockholm, 1939; Périn, P., Kazanski, M., ‘La tombe de Childéric, le Danube et la Méditerranée’ in Villes et campagnes en Neustrie, (Europe médiévale, 8) Montagnac, 2007, pp.29-38; Lebedinsky, I., Armes et guerriers barbares au temps des grandes invasions, Paris, 2001; Spier, J., Treasures of the Ferrell collection, Wiesbaden, 2010.

Footnotes This sword belongs to a group of blades with wide guards, originating from Eastern Europe, particularly the Crimea and the Black Sea. The most striking examples are the sword of Dmytrivka (modern Ukraine, region of Zaporjjia), from a Hunnic grave, with the guard and its extending reinforcement collar inlaid with precious stones; the sword of Lermontovskaia (Russian Federation, North of Caucasus), from the grave of an Alan warrior (5th century AD), the guard inlaid with coloured glass; the Pokrovsk-Voskhod swords (Russian Federation, Region of Saratovo, on the Volga), from a Nomad grave of 5th century AD, with garnet cloisonné on a gold background (Lebedinsky, 2001, pp.121ff.) Three similar swords are kept in the Ferrell collection (Spier, 2010, pp.158, 162ff.) They are all characterised by a high and massive guard, often decorated with inlaid garnets or stones and glass.

Footnotes The sword belongs to the type III of Behmer typology (see especially pl.VI, 3a-4b), although it is highly probable that the pommel, the scabbard decoration and the chape were realised in so-called type IV, i.e. the sword coming from the Pontic-Sarmatian influence. Among the long PonticoCaucasian weapons, the sword of Mokraja-Balka (Russia, north of Caucasus, around Kislodovsk) shows a near identical trapezoidal guard with a garnet in cloisonné. These types of swords were in use among the Nomads of the Caucasus, and unfortunately only few are the remains of the scabbards.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


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MIGRATION PERIOD SWORD WITH ALMANDINE GARNET GUARD

LATE ROMAN SARMATIAN-ALAN SWORD WITH GOLD FITTINGS

6th century AD

4th-5th century AD

A spatha longsword and scabbard fitting; the iron blade lentoid in section with parallel edges and tapering tip, formed by the forgewelding process, with narrow shoulders and long flat-section tang pierced at the upper end; the gilt-bronze guard scaphoid in plan with shallow socket to the underside, applied gold cells containing almandine garnet cloisons cut in a stepped pattern; sheet-silver ribbed grip with collar to the lower end; modern leather-covered scabbard with ancient fittings including two animal-head mounts securing the ends of the strap-slider with garnet cabochon eyes, and sheet-silver lateral bars and chape with ribbed panel and hooked beak to the upper end, fitted to a reproduction leather scabbard. 1.1 kg, 1.09m (43"). Fine condition; blade edges notched. £10,000 - 14,000 EUR 11,230 - 15,720 USD 13,670 - 19,140

An iron two-edged sword with parallel-sided blade with pointed tip, battle nicks to both cutting edges; the tang retaining one of the rivets from the wooden handle (now absent); gold sheet with punched decoration from the scabbard wrapped around the tang; a separate gold discoid pommel cap with almandine stones and granulation, another small gold mount with almandine stone with a tang to the reverse for attaching to a lace hanging from the pommel. 690 grams total, sword: 88.5cm, pommel cap: 31mm (34¾ - 1¼"). Fine condition. [4] £6,000 - 8,000 EUR 6,740 - 8,980 USD 8,200 - 10,940

Provenance Formerly in the private collection of Mr M. B., Mainz, Germany, since the 1980s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10362-168780. Literature See Menghin, W., Das Schwert im Frühen Mittelalter, Stuttgart, 1983, for discussion and typology; Menghin, W., The Merovingian Period. Europe Without Borders, Berlin, 2007, item I.15.3, for garnets on the lower guard, I.38.1 and III.13.3.1, for blade and tang configuration, I.38.2 and VI.12.1.1, for scabbard fittings; Miche, M., Die Goldgriffspathas der frühen Merowingerzeit, in Deutscher, L. et al., Das Schwert - Symbol und Waffe, Rahden, 2014. Footnotes The blade of the sword was made by the forge-welding process whereby different grades of iron are welded together in stripe, then a steel outer sleeve is attached to form the cutting edges. It seems likely then that the piece represents a marriage of ancient parts.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Provenance Ex private collection of Mr M. B., Mainz, Germany, since the 1980s; accompanied by an archaeological report by military specialist Dr. Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and by AIAD certificate number no. 10392-169241. Literature See I Goti, Milano, 1994; Lebedinsky, I., Armes et guerriers barbares au temps des grandes invasions, Paris, 2001, p.116, for similar swords. Footnotes Wonderful examples of these swords have been found in Panticapea/Kertsch, possibly produced in the Imperial Ateliers in Constantinople (Various, 1994, pp.118-119). Specimens without guards existed, but the Late Roman workshops produced examples with guards, including examples with cloisonné decoration; it is highly possible that other examples were produced with stone guards in a Chinese style. Comparable elements were discovered in Chersonesus and Altlussheim (Lebedinski, 2001, p.123 fig.2). Sometimes, like in our case, a stone pendant mount in gold and almandine was attached to the pommel. This sword was a current type in Crimea and in the UkrainianRussian Steppes in the 4th-5th centuries. Such examples were not widespread in the Western world, although the sword depicted on the Stilicho Diptych could belong to this type, and some scholars have identified the same typology on the sword worn by the Emperor Constantius II in the famous silver dish from Kertch, today at the Hermitage.

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MIGRATION PERIOD JEWELLED SWORD GUARD

NORMAN FOUR-PLATE HELMET

5th century AD

11th-12th century AD

A bronze lower guard from a longsword, scaphoid in plan with remains of gilding to the surface; shallow ellipsoid recess to the upper face with inner ledge and broader recess to the lower face; series of nineteen rectangular garnet cloisons to the display side of the guard, the outer and middle one carved with a barley-twist design. 41.9 grams, 84mm (3¼"). Very fine condition. £5,000 - 7,000 EUR 5,610 - 7,860 USD 6,840 - 9,570

A Norman or Cuman four-plate iron helmet constructed from curved triangular sections converging at the apex; the bowl contoured so that the front and back plates overlap the side-plates by 1-2cm, with iron rivets passing through this overlap to secure them in position; the rivets worked flat into the surface of the helmet, almost invisible from the outside but detectable on the inner surface; the plate-junction at the apex supplied with a small hole, allowing a plume or horsehair streamer to be inserted through a ring; mounted on a custom-made stand. 2.6 kg total, 47cm including stand, helmet: 16cm (18¾"). Fair condition, some restoration. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470

Provenance Formerly in the private collection of Mr M. B., Mainz, Germany, since the 1989; previously the property of his grandfather since the 1960s-1970s; accompanied by an expertise by Dr. Noel Adams; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10367-168757. Literature Cf. Menghin, W., Das Schwert im Frühen Mittelalter, Stuttgart, 1983, items 2 (1d) (Pouan, France), 56 (Planig, Germany); The Merovingian Period. Europe Without Borders, Berlin, 2007, item I.34.5 (Taman, Russia); Miche, M., Die Goldgriffspathas der Frühen Merowingerzeit, in Deutscher, L. et al., Das Schwert - Symbol und Waffe, Rahden, 2014, table 1 1 (Tournai), 9 (Flonheim), Table 2 1 (Arcy-Saint-Restitue), 5 (La Rue Saint Pierre), 9 (Berlin).

395

LARGE MIGRATION PERIOD AMBER SWORD BEAD 5th-6th century AD A substantial polished amber bead shaped as a rounded circular disc with flat back, centrally pierced. 125 grams, 90mm (3½"). Fine condition. £2,500 - 3,500 EUR 2,810 - 3,930 USD 3,420 - 4,790 Provenance Ex Mr L.W. in 2005; formerly in an old private Israeli collection, since the 1990s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10465-168779. Literature Cf. Menghin, W., The Merovingian Period. Europe Without Borders, Berlin, 2007, items V.3.6.6 and V.3.7.2, for type.

176

Provenance Property of an East Sussex, UK, gentleman; formerly from an important family collection of a UK gentleman, acquired in the late 1990s; accompanied by an archaeological report by military specialist Dr Raffaele D'Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10411-169109. Literature See Curtis, H.M., 2,500 Years of European Helmets, North Hollywood, 1978; Denny, N. & Filmer-Sankey, J., The Bayeux Tapestry, London, 1966; Kirpicnikow, A. N., Russische Helme aus dem Frühen Mittelalter, Waffen- und Kostamkunde, 3rd Series, vol.15, pt.2, 1973; Nicolle, D., Byzantine and Islamic arms and armour; evidence for mutual influence, in: Warriors and their weapons around the time of the Crusades, relationship between Byzantium, the West and the Islamic world, Padstow, 2002, pp.299-325; Menghin, W., The Merovingian Period - Europe Without Borders, Berlin, 2007, pp.326-7, item I.34.4.; D’Amato, R., ‘Old and new evidence on East-Roman helmets from the 9th to the 12th centuries,’ in Acta Militaria Medievalia, 2015, XI, pp.27-157, fig.23, nn.1-2 and pl.1. Footnotes Helmets of this general profile and form are a long-lived military fashion in the Black Sea region, as evidenced by elements of a 7th-8th century Khazar saddle from the Shilovskiy grave field (Samara region). A similar helmet is housed in the St. Petersburg Museum (inventory reference PA72), for which D’Amato (2015, pp. 65ff.) proposed an Eastern-Roman origin, based on the interchange of Roman and Khazar military technology. Based on a similar 7th century helmet found with a coin of Heraclius, D’Amato proposed that these helmets were a product of the introduction of Steppe technology in Byzantium. This form of helmet is certainly evident in the iconography of 9th-12th century Eastern-Roman helmets.

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397 397

VIKING GILT-SILVER GRIPPING BEAST SWORD BELT MOUNT DISPLAY 8th-10th century AD A group of twelve square silver-gilt plaques from a belt or baldric, each with a low-relief Borre Style pair of 'gripping beasts' with spiral hips, pelletted border; mounted on a display stand. 770 grams total, 17.5cm including stand (7"). Very fine condition. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,250 - 3,370 USD 2,730 - 4,100 Provenance From the family collection of a UK gentleman, by descent in the early 1970s; previously acquired before 1960. Literature See Wilson, D.M. & Klindt-Jensen, O., Viking Art, London, 1966, p.73ff.

398

ANGLO-SCANDINAVIAN VIKING SWORD WITH JADE POMMEL AND ELABORATE GUARDS 10th century AD A superb Anglo-Scandinavian double-edged cutting sword of Petersen Type L or O variant, straight tapering blade with rounded point and battle nicks to the cutting edges, tapering fullers and strong tang; boat-shaped cross guard decorated with crosses and vertical segments within a double border, the upper guard decorated in a similar way; massive five-lobed pommel carved from nephrite with thick vertical lines. 689 grams, 90.5cm (35½"). Fine condition. Extremely rare. £15,000 - 20,000 EUR 16,840 - 22,460 USD 20,510 - 27,340 Provenance Property of a London businessman; formerly with A. Artsi; accompanied by an archaeological report by military specialist Dr Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10300-168752. Literature See Petersen, J., De Norske Vikingsverd, Oslo, 1919; Oakeshott, R.E., The Archaeology of the weapons, London, 1960; Peirce, I., Swords of the Viking Age, Suffolk, 2002; 2abi-ski, G., Viking Age Swords from Scotland, in Acta Militaria Mediaevalia III, Kraków, Sanok, 2007, pp.29-84. The sword finds parallels in various similar Viking age specimens of L variant; two very similar swords, both in the British Museum, have been published by Peirce (2002, pp.77-81). The combination of the curved guard with the five lobes suggests an evolution of the pattern of variant O, like the swords of Oslo University (from Vestre Berg, Løiten parish, Akershus, Norway, Peirce, 2002, pp.87ff.) and Gunnarsby (Rygge, Smaal), (Petersen, 1919, fig.105). Footnotes This sword type, considered Anglo-Scandinavian in origin, is usually dated to c. 850-975. Swords of this type, with particular emphasis on those found in England, often display various kinds of ornament on the central lobes of their pommels, including patterns enclosed in borders of various shapes. The employment of a nephrite pommel is remarkable in our sword, which attests the extensive travels of the Vikings and their continuous trade and contacts with central Asian caravan routes.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

398

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399

VIKING SWORD WITH SILVER INLAID RINGERIKE HILT 10th-early 11th century AD A double-edged cutting sword of Petersen Type S variant and Wheeler Type III with long tapering blade, battle nicks to the cutting edges, shallow tapering fullers and traces of copper inlay to the blade; boatshaped lower guard and upper guard with silver inlaid Ringerike decoration, massive three-lobed pommel with similar decoration, the lobes separated by inlaid silver bands; traces of gilding to blade suggests that it was probably inscribed. 1.6 kg, 90cm (35½"). Fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470 Provenance Property of an East Anglian collector; formerly acquired on the European art market in the 1990s; accompanied by an archaeological report by military specialist Dr. Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10391-169272. Literature See Petersen, J., De Norske Vikingsverd, Oslo, 1919; Oakeshott, R.E., The Archaeology of the weapons, London, 1960; Peirce, I., Swords of the Viking Age, Suffolk, 2002; Marek, L., Early Medieval Swords from Central and Eastern Europe: Dilemmas of an Archaeologist and a Student of Arms, Wrocław, 2005; the sword has good parallels in various similar Viking age specimens, like the sword from Mixnam’s pit, Chertsey, today at the Chertsey Museum (Peirce, 2002, pp.98ff.). Footnotes The Type S was often characterised by splendid decoration achieved with silver and copper inlays. It was usually made by using silver wire, which was wound around copper wire and then hammered into place upon base metal, which had been prepared with a scored surface to secure the overlay. The design was then bordered by fine copper wires. Although this sword would be classified as a type S, the slight curvature of the lower guard makes it a variant of the classical form of this typology, possibly even showing AngloSaxon influence from type L.

400

VIKING SWORD WITH INLAID HILT Early 10th century AD An iron Viking period sword comprising a broad double-edged blade of Peirce's Type 1 with shallow fullers and rounded tip; the guard is thick and rectangular with rounded ends, inlaid brass(?) wire decoration of vertical zigzags between borders; flat tapering tang and broad tea cosy pommel of Type W with similar wire-inlaid band to the lower edge, three radiating panels to the curved upper edge. 1.5 kg, 90cm (35½"). Fine condition, edges notched. £3,500 - 4,500 EUR 3,930 - 5,050 USD 4,790 - 6,150 Provenance From an old Suffolk collection; formed 1990-2000; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10361-162581.

399

400

Literature Cf. Peirce, I., Swords of the Viking Age, Woodbridge, 2002, for discussion, and p.118-9, for an example in the Musée de l'Armée, Paris. Footnotes The blade profile with the rounded tip was already obsolete in the early 9th century. Here an existing blade has been modified by the addition of a later suite of hilt elements.

401

VIKING SILVER INLAID HORSE BIT 9th-11th century AD An iron horse bit comprising two square-section bars joined at the centre with loops, at each outer end two rings inlaid with silver wire and a separate transverse bar with similar decoration and strap-loop below. 239 grams,19cm (7½"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £500 - 700 EUR 560 - 790 USD 680 - 960 Provenance From the family collection of a UK gentleman, by descent in the early 1970s; previously acquired before 1960.

401

178

Literature Cf. Arbman, H., Birka I: Die Gräber, Uppsala, 1940, plate 22, for type.

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402

402

KHAZAR OR MAGYAR SILVER BELT MOUNT GROUP 9th-10th century AD A group of sixty-two silver belt fittings comprising a buckle with pentagonal plate decorated with spiral twigs; thirteen fittings with a bud motif; thirty-three smaller fittings with palmette decoration; nine fittings rosette shaped; three discs with cross motif; one rhomboid belt terminal plate; two applications for the attachment of belt elements. 69 grams total, 14-35mm (½ - 1½"). Fine condition. [62] ÂŁ1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,350 - 1,910 USD 1,640 - 2,320 Provenance Property of a London businessman; acquired from L. W. in 2005; formerly in an old Israeli collection. Literature See Fodor, I., Revesz, L., Wolf, M., Nepper, I.M., Morigi Govi, C., Gli Antichi Ungari, nascita di una nazione, Bologna, 1998, p.85, cat.299-304, 71 cat. 219, 72 cat. 218, for type; "!#), ..,  !'  ) )' % )'!%"%, .:%# "#', 1999. Footnotes This style of belt ďŹ tting appears in the 9th century in the Khazar Empire SaltovoMayaki Culture ("!#),1999,pl.14). We should remember that the high princes of the Magyars were either elected by the leaders of the tribes or appointed by the Khagan of the Khazars who had been exerting inďŹ&#x201A;uence over the Magyars. Around 862 AD the seven tribes of Magyars separated from the Khazars, but they shared the same material culture. The rank insignia typical of the Hungarian warrior in the age of the conquest was the belt, from which were suspended various military accessories.

403

KHAZAR EMPIRE SALTOVO-MAYAKI CULTURE SILVER WAR HORSE FITTING GROUP 8th-9th century AD A large group of substantial silver horse harness fittings from the Khazar Empire, composed of ten round phalerae, presumably for the

For charges payable in addition to the ďŹ nal hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

403

muzzle, nine rhomboid pieces for the reins, a buckle for the horse harness and a spherical pendant element for the antilina (anterior horse harness strap) or postilina (posterior horse harness strap). 341 grams total, 16.5-90mm (ž - 3½"). Fine condition. [21] ÂŁ2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,250 - 3,370 USD 2,730 - 4,100 Provenance Property of a London businessman; acquired from L. W. in 2005; formerly in an old Israeli collection; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certiďŹ cate number no.10389-169248. Literature See Artamonov, M.I., 'Sarkel i nekotoryje drugije ukreplenija v severo-zapadnoj Khazarii' in Sovetsknja Archeologija Vl, Moskva, 1940; Koestler, A., The Thirteenth Tribe, The Khazar Empire and its Heritage, Hutchinson, London, 1976; Pletnjeva, S.A., â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Ot kochevij k gorodam (Saltovo-Majackaja kultura)â&#x20AC;&#x2122; in Materialy i lssledovanij a 142, Moskva-Leningrad, 1967; Pletnjeva, S.A., Die Chazaren, Leipzig, 1978; Pletnjeva, S.A. in Archeologija SSSR. Stepi Eurasii v epochu srednevekovj a, Moskva, 1981; Pletnjeva, S.A., â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Risunki na stenach Majackogo gorodishchaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; in Majackoje gorodishche, Moskva, 1984; Pletnjeva, S.A., Na slaviano-kazarskom pogranichje. Dmitrij evskij archeologicheskij kompleks, Moskva, 1989; see similar artefacts in "!#), ..,  !'  ) )' % )'!%"%, .: %# "#', 1999, pls.17-18. Footnotes The Khazar Kaganate, a Jewish potentate formed in opposition to the Christian Roman Empire of Byzantium and the Muslim Arab Caliphate, stretched from the foothills of the Caucasus and the Lower Volga region to the Middle Dnieper in 8th-10th centuries. Their economy was characterised by a complex agricultural and cattle breeding system. The process of mass settling of nomads is reďŹ&#x201A;ected in the numerous settlements and burial grounds of the socalled Saltovo-Mayatsk culture, traces of which have been unearthed in the form of permanent unfortiďŹ ed settlements, fortiďŹ ed settlements with earthen ramparts, castles with remnants of stone walls, and fortress cities. Many Black Sea cities were revived under the rule of Khazaria, including Phanagoria and Tamatarhi-Tmutarakan. Particularly skilled in martial arts and weaponry, the Khazars created a powerful army whose military technology inďŹ&#x201A;uenced Byzantium and the Islamic world in the sphere of war, trade and diplomatic relationships.

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406

MEDIEVAL SWORD OF OAKESHOTT TYPE XI WITH INSCRIPTION 12th-early 13th century AD A western long double-edged sword with tapering blade, the cutting edges with evidence of use on the battlefield; both sides of the shallow fullers decorated with inlay; the inscriptions on both sides begin and end with crosses and leaf-shaped symbols, at the beginning a geometric design of a Greek Patriarchal cross and the joint symbol, followed by the inscription ‘HEXFRHEXFRHEXH’, followed by the joint symbol and a similar cross; a long, slightly curved cross-guard of Oakeshott style 7 with squared ends and a medium tapering grip; stout tang with a round pommel of Oakeshott style G. 1.2 kg, 95.5cm (37½"). Fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470 Provenance Property of an East Anglian collector; formerly acquired on the European art market in the 1990s; accompanied by an archaeological report by military specialist Dr Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10320-169271. Literature See Oakeshott, E., The Sword in the Age of Chivalry, London, 1964 (1997); Oakeshott, E., Records of the Medieval Sword, Woodbridge, 1991; Wagner, T., Worley, J., Holst Blennow, A., Beckholmen, G., 'Medieval Christian invocation inscriptions on sword blades' in Waffen und Kostümkunde, Wien, 2009, 51(1), pp.11-52; for a similar blade see the sword of unknown provenance, formerly in the R.T. Gwynn, Morgan Williams collection, in Oakeshott, 1991, type XI 1-2, p.54.

404 404

MEDIEVAL BATTERING RAM TIP 14th-15th century AD A large and heavy tip of a battering ram formed from a mature tree trunk, trimmed to a point and fitted with a blacksmith-made wrought iron pyramidal tip secured to the ram with four long projections, each held in place with four large iron spikes. 23 kg, 77cm (30¼"). Fine condition. Rare. [No Reserve] £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,250 - 3,370 USD 2,730 - 4,100 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; previously in an old European arms and armour collection. Footnotes A most unusual survival of a brutal piece of siege equipment.

405

MEDIEVAL SINGLE-HANDED SWORD OF OAKESHOTT TYPE XI OR XII Mid 11th-mid 13th century AD An iron sword with two-edged blade, gently tapering profile with rounded point, shallow fuller, parallel-sided straight lower guard with two bottlenecks in the middle (unusual cross style 1), medium tang and disc pommel (type G) with chamfered sides and an engraved cross on both sides. 1.1 kg, 95.5cm (37 ½"). Fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,680 - 2,250 USD 2,050 - 2,730 Provenance Property of an East Anglia, UK, gentleman; acquired in the 1990s. Literature See Oakeshott, E., The sword in the Age of the Chivalry, Woodbridge, 1964 (1994); Oakeshott, E., Records of the Medieval Sword, Woodbridge, 1991; Aleksi, M., Mediaeval Swords from Southeastern Europe, material from 12th to 15th century AD, Beograd, 2007.

180

Footnotes Some letters of the inscription resemble the inscription and the style of the Karlstad sword, in which the inscriptions are laid out in silver, but, differently from the Karlstad sword, here they are gilded. The letter styles on both sides of the blade are alike. The letter forms are to be classified as late Romanic/early Gothic. Like in the Karlstad sword, the inscription is identical on both sides, although the meaning remains enigmatic. The letter X, repeated three times, can refer to a ‘symbol of Christ’, and it is probably linked to the Holy Trinity, but it is possible that the other letters (FR) mean a name (FRANCISCUS?). If the letter H (repeated four times) with a further barrage in the middle could be read like the N of the inscriptions on the sword from Saint Omer (Wagner, Worley, Holst Blennow, Beckholmen, 2009, p.41) some of the letters of the inscription could be read ‘in nomine Christi’, a kind of sacrum nomen very often visible on the swords of the period.

407

MEDIEVAL FALCHION WITH SHIELD INLAID POMMEL 13th century AD An iron falchion with single-edged, asymmetric blade, with short back edge, surface littered with one hole and some signs of corrosion, a flowered opening on the upper part towards the end of the fuller, the cutting blade with many battle nicks, a deep fuller along the upper border of the back edge; straight cross-guard and round in cross section, metal grip, round pommel with a triangular shield inlaid on one side. 1.1 kg, 77.5cm (30 ½"). Fine condition. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,350 - 1,910 USD 1,640 - 2,320 Provenance Property of an East Anglia, UK, gentleman; acquired in the 1990s. Literature See Oakeshott, R.E., The Archaeology of the weapons, London, 1960; Oakeshott, E., European Weapons and Armours from the Renaissance to the Industrial Revolution, Woodbridge, 1980. Footnotes The medieval falchion sword was 37 to 40 inches in length, weighed about 1 to 2 pounds and was typically made from iron and steel. The most common design of the falchion swords were single-edged, broad and slightly curved on the blade and some versions of it were irregularly shaped and pointed. This specimen is similar to a falchion (AD 1300) housed in the Reichsstadtmuseum Rothenburg ob der Tauber, with the overall length of 70.7 cm, a blade length of 53.8 cm and width 6.4 cm.

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405

406

407

408

MEDIEVAL SINGLE-HANDED SWORD

408

409

409

MEDIEVAL SINGLE-HANDED TYPE XVIIIA SWORD

14th-15th century AD

15th century AD

An iron sword of pre-schiavonesca type with straight blade, no fullers, round tip, the S-curved cross-guard of 12a type, tapering tang, pommel of type I1 according to the classification of Aleksi. 925 grams, 84.5cm (33"). Fine condition. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,350 - 1,910 USD 1,640 - 2,320

An iron double-edged sword of Oakeshott Type XVIIIa with fairly slender blade of flattened diamond-section form, narrow fuller, hexagonal-section guard of style 2 with straight arms, style H pommel. 874 grams, 90cm (35½"). Fine condition. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,350 - 1,910 USD 1,640 - 2,320

Provenance Property of an East Anglia, UK, gentleman; acquired in the 1990s.

Provenance Property of an East Anglia, UK, gentleman; acquired in the 1990s.

Literature See Aleksi, M., Mediaeval Swords from Southeastern Europe, material from 12th to 15th century AD, Beograd, 2007, especially cat. n.268, pl.6,2.

Literature See Oakeshott, E., The sword in the Age of the Chivalry, Woodbridge, 1964 (1994).

Footnotes The sword is virtually identical to the one found in the vicinity of the village Slep+evi, some 10 km west of Šabac, western Serbia, and preserved in the National Museum in Šabac (inv. nr. /206). It belongs to the type: XIII)/XVIa of Aleksi classification. The deformation and subsequent reshaping of the crossguards was not an infrequent practice in the Middle Ages. Some cross-guards were symmetrically and moderately curved (Aleksi, 2007, no. 275, Pl.7:1), some were curved not in the regular horizontal plane but their arms were slightly turned upwards or downwards, as in our specimen (cross-guard type 12a).

Footnotes The grip of this typology was often in leather over cord and wood. The pommels were often engraved with a coat of arms. Examples show almost every kind of hilt used during the 15th century, from the classic forms of the 13th century to all the new varieties of pommel and cross which developed after 1400.

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181


410

MEDIEVAL SCHIAVONESCA TYPE SWORD 15th century AD A bastard or hand-and-a-half sword of the schiavonesca type; blade with battle-nicks to both faces and parallel-sides with rounded tip, flatsection at the upper third, elliptical-section at the lower end; the guard with S-section arms recurved horizontally and completely closed as a ring; long tang tapering towards the rectangular pommel having an integral central boss to both faces. 1.3 kg, 117.5cm (46¼"). Fair condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,120 - 1,570 USD 1,370 - 1,910 Provenance Property of an East Anglia, UK, gentleman; acquired in the 1990s. Literature See Głosek, M., Miecze /rodkowoeuropejskie z X-XV w. /Swords in Central Europe in 10th–15th Century, Warszawa, 1984; Aleksi, M., Mediaeval Swords from Southeastern Europe, material from 12th to 15th century AD, Beograd, 2007.

411

MEDIEVAL SCHIAVONESCA SWORD WITH MAKER'S MARKS Mid 15th century AD A long-bladed sword of schiavonesca type with broad double-edged blade, parallel-sided with long triangular point and acute tip, flatsection at the upper third with a deep central fuller, elliptical-section at the lower end; flat guard with scooped lower edge and D-section arms curving horizontally; the grip with possibly a later wooden handle and circular foundation-moulded band; the pommel of 'cat's head' type, rectangular with scrolled upper edge and integral central boss to both faces; on the upper part of the blade four punched marks including a circle with lines in outline on the left face, a 'U' in the fuller and two further marks. 1.3 kg, 123cm overall (48½"). Fine condition. £2,500 - 3,500 EUR 2,810 - 3,930 USD 3,420 - 4,790 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; previously in an old European arms and armour collection; accompanied by an academic report by military specialist Dr Raffaele D'Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10409-170959. Literature See Aleksi, M., Mediaeval Swords from Southeastern Europe, material from 12th to 15th century AD, Beograd, 2007, especially cat. n.273, pl.17,3; similar swords can be found at the armoury of the Ducal Palace in Venezia, see Franzoi, U., L’Armeria del Palazzo Ducale a Venezia, Treviso, 1990, fig.41f., and in the National Hungarian Museum, Budapest (inv. nr. 53.310, see Aleksi, 2007, cat.124).

Literature See Aleksi, M., Mediaeval Swords from Southeastern Europe, material from 12th to 15th century AD, Beograd, 2007. Footnotes This sword belongs to the group with square Type Z pommels of Oakeshott and the S cross-guards of Type 12 (family N or O of the Aleksic classification).

413

MASSIVE TEUTONIC CEREMONIAL GREAT SLASHING SWORD Late 16th century AD or earlier A colossal two-handed sword, possibly of German workmanship, straight double-edged blade with wide and shallow blood channel, two punched armourer's marks to each side depicting a Latin cross surmounting a sickle, both sides of the blade with incised inscription in uncial letters 'INRI' with reference to the titulum of the cross of Our Lord, letter 'I' on one side forming a monogram with the letter 'R' over the latter 'I'; two incised bronze figures to both sides, one resembling a stylised Passau Wolf; a wide diamond-section bronze quillon with rounded finials, possibly a later replacement; long tang with wooden grip, copper-alloy wire wrapping to each end; bronze facetted pearshaped pommel, the rivet button possibly a later replacement. 6.4 kg, 2.08m (82"). Fine condition. £6,000 - 8,000 EUR 6,740 - 8,980 USD 8,200 - 10,940 Provenance Property of a Surrey gentleman; acquired from a Sussex collector; formerly from an old country house in East Sussex; accompanied by an academic report by military expert Dr. Raffaele D'Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10319-169180. Literature See Foulkes, C., Inventory and survey of the Armouries of the Tower of London, 2 volumes, London, 1916; Dudley, S.H.G., Armourers Marks, London, 1959; Dufty, A.R., European swords and daggers in the Tower of London, London, 1974; Newman, P.R., A catalogue of the sword, collection at York Castle Museum, York, 1985. Footnotes Within the inventories in the Tower of London Armoury, a large number of swords among the possessions of King Henry VIII are listed, such as the grete slaghe swords, which must have been the age denomination for the twohanders, like this specimen. The state of preservation of the blade is noteworthy, being without battle nicks and therefore indicating a sword which was not intended for use in battle, but probably employed only for ceremonial purposes. A clue to the age of this sword if offered by a comparable maker’s mark on a shell dagger of late 16th century (The Armouries, 1916, p.26) in the Tower.

414

TUDOR FALCHION WITH STAMPED TANG Late 16th century AD

Footnotes The Schiavonesca sword was used by Dalmatian mercenaries serving in the armies of the Venetian state, and produced by the workshops of the Serenissima to which the marks probably belong. Many of these swords were produced in Dubrovnik, a Croatian city under the Venetian Rule. Dr. Aleksi mentions the case of the swordsmith Radonja Vukoti, who made the agreement with blacksmith Andrija Miletin in the beginning of September 1436 to produce swords together in the following year. Andrija had to forge the swords, make pommels, cross-guards, hand-guards on hilts and scabbards. The swordsmith Radonja had to give the final touch to all these black (nigras) swords, to polish them, make stars and put the leather on scabbards.

412

MEDIEVAL SCHIAVONESCA TYPE Z SWORD 15th century AD An iron schiavonesca type Z sword with parallel double-edged blade of lenticular section, with rounded tip, slightly enlarged at the forte and with a well-preserved triple fuller; traces of gilding on the blade; iron hilt with ring quillons, strongly curved downwards; tang of rectangular section, quadrangular shallow pommel in iron, with a circle relieved in the centre on both faces, the tang fastening system a later addition. 1.39 kg, 93.5cm (36¾"). Fair condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,680 - 2,250 USD 2,050 - 2,730

A single-edged, heavy cross-section late falchion, the iron blade without fuller to each face; possible maker's mark made of three squares to one side of the tang; the back of the blade straight for most of the length, only raising up in irregular way at the tip, descending suddenly in a rectangular shape from the tip to join the cutting part of the blade, which shows strong signs of use; fitted with a double-swept iron quillon with tapered free ends, the top offset in alignment from the hilt; the asymmetric round iron pommel fastened on the top by a nail. 1 kg, 70cm (27 ½"). Fair condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,680 - 2,250 USD 2,050 - 2,730 Provenance Property of an East Anglia, UK, gentleman; acquired in the 1990s. Literature See Oakeshott, E., The Archaeology of the weapons, London, 1960; Oakeshott, E., European Weapons and Armours from the Renaissance to the Industrial Revolution, Woodbridge, 1980.

Provenance Property of an East Anglia, UK, gentleman; acquired in the 1990s.

182

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410

411

412

413

For charges payable in addition to the ďŹ nal hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

414

183


Stone Age Bronze Age Iron Age Also see lots 1972 - 2064 184

Lots 415 - 425


415

HUGE STONE AGE POLISHED AXEHEAD Neolithic Period, 5th-3rd millennium BC A very large and superbly polished veined greenstone axe of lentoid section, slightly convex cutting edge and almost parallel rounded sides tapering to the rounded butt; with a custom-made display stand. 2.2 kg total, 34 grams including stand (13½"). Very fine condition; small ancient flaw at edge. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470 Provenance Property of a Brussels gallery; acquired from New York, USA; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10462-171049.

415

Literature See Evans, Sir J., The Ancient Stone Implements, Weapons and Ornaments of Great Britain, London, 2nd edition, 1897, fig.76 and pp.130-133, referring to similar examples. Footnotes Axes of this size, especially when made from 'exotic' stone types, were often made for ceremonial rather than practical use; it has been suggested that such purposes as 'bride price' or as a symbol of rank or status are possible uses.

416

NEOLITHIC POLISHED AXEHEAD Later 3rd millennium BC A superb knapped and polished mudstone axehead, tongue-shaped in profile with pointed butt; mounted on a custom-made stand. 1.3 kg total, 38cm including stand (15"). Very fine condition. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,350 - 1,910 USD 1,640 - 2,320 Provenance Property of a Brussels gallery; acquired on the European art market; previously in the private collection of Mr G.G, since 1988. Literature Cf. similar tool reported to the UK Portable Antiquities Scheme under reference HESH-535862.

416 417

NEOLITHIC FATJANOVO CULTURE BATTLE-AXE Late 3rd-early 2nd millennium BC A large and finely polished boat-shaped axe in dark grey stone, with expanded asymmetric convex cutting edge tapering to shouldered and collared 'hammer' butt, drilled to receive handle. 545 grams, 17cm (6¾"). Very fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 900 - 1,120 USD 1,090 - 1,370 Provenance Property of an Austrian private collector since the 1970s. Literature See Glob, P. V., Danske Oldsager II, Yngre Stenalder, Copenhagen, 1952, no.333, for general form and no.486, for an example with collared butt; see Madsen, A. P., Antiquities Prehistoriques du Danemark, Copenhagen, 1872, pl.23, no.29, for similar form; see Christie's New York, 4 June 2015, lot 72 (US$10,000-15,000), for a group of two similar examples.

417

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

185


418

ANATOLIAN CLAZOMENAE SARCOPHAGUS FRAGMENT Mid 6th-mid 5th century BC A carved ceramic fragment with white slip and black pigment field to the lateral flange; white vertical band with painted meander pattern to one narrow edge; painted guilloche to the wider face terminating in a profile male bust wearing a conical hat with spirals and pellets, possibly the tutelary god Apollo; mounted on a custom-made stand. 6.6 kg total, 45cm including stand (17¾"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £800 - 1,000 EUR 900 - 1,120 USD 1,090 - 1,370 Provenance Property of a London gentleman; ex Cybele Gallery, Paris, France; formerly with Christie's in 2006; previously in a private English collection. Literature See Cook, R.M., Clazomenian Sarcophagi, Mainz, 1981, for discussion of the sarcophagi produced at the city of Clazomenai.

418

419

CELTIC VOTIVE STONE HEAD 2nd century BC-2nd century AD A broadly D-section carved quartz monzonite votive head with small, circular eyes, tapering D-section nose, thin mouth, large angular chin and high cheek bones forming a characterful, asymmetrical face. 7.4 kg, 29cm (11½"). Fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,680 - 2,250 USD 2,050 - 2,730 Provenance Property of a Cambridgeshire, UK, collector; previously in the collection of a Cambridgeshire academic since 2000, having been frequently displayed as part of his lectures and exhibitions on Druid history; formerly recovered from Fen Dyke, Cambridgeshire, UK, in 1960. Literature See Werner Forman Archive/ Dorset Nat. Hist. & Arch. Soc. Location: 09., for a comparable head. Footnotes The Celts regarded the head as the spiritual powerhouse, attributing a protective function to representations of human heads in their art.

420

'THE GREAT MASSINGHAM' CELTIC STONE HEAD 3rd century BC-1st century AD 419

A carved granite head with reserved facial features and lateral lobe ears, almond-shaped eyes and columnar nose, elliptical reserved mouth; mounted on a custom-made stand. 4.6 kg, 29.5cm including stand (11½"). Fine condition. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,250 - 3,370 USD 2,730 - 4,100 Provenance Found near Great Massingham, Norfolk, UK, in 1950; accompanied by a scholarly note TL5322 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10369-168784. Literature See Ross, A., Pagan Celtic Britain, London, 1967 for overview of the iconography of pre-Christian Britain and Ireland; Rynne, E., Figures from the Past, Studies on Figurative Art in Christian Ireland in Honour of Helen M. Roe, Dublin, 1987.

421

'THE BRADBURY' CELTIC STONE HEAD 3rd century BC-1st century AD A carved conglomerate head, ellipsoid in profile with jutting brow, prominent reserved eyelids over lentoid eyes, trapezoidal nose, crescent mouth with reserved teeth; the rear unworked; mounted on a custom-made stand. 4 kg total, 32cm (12½"). Fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,680 - 2,250 USD 2,050 - 2,730 420

186

Provenance Found next to the Ridgeway path at Bradbury, near Swindon, Wiltshire, UK, in 1955; accompanied by a scholarly note TL5323 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz.

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Literature See Ross, A., Pagan Celtic Britain, London, 1967, for an overview of the iconography of pre-Christian Britain and Ireland; Rynne, E., Figures from the Past, Studies on Figurative Art in Christian Ireland in Honour of Helen M. Roe, Dublin, 1987.

422

CELTIC VOTIVE STONE HEAD 2nd century BC-2nd century AD A carved limestone head with grotesque features, sunken eyes, prominent nose and chin, drilled mouth. 462 grams, 11cm (4¼"). Fair condition, water worn. £400 - 600 EUR 450 - 670 USD 550 - 820

421

Provenance Property of a Cambridgeshire, UK, collector; previously in an old UK collection. Literature See Ross, A., Pagan Celtic Britain, London, 1967, for an overview of the iconography of pre-Christian Britain and Ireland; Rynne, E., Figures from the Past, Studies on Figurative Art in Christian Ireland in Honour of Helen M. Roe, Dublin, 1987.

423

CELTIC VOTIVE STONE HEAD 2nd century BC-2nd century AD A carved limestone head with stylised grotesque features, prominent nose and eyebrows, drilled mouth. 573 grams, 11cm (4¼"). Fair condition, water worn. £400 - 600 EUR 450 - 670 USD 550 - 820 Provenance Property of a Cambridgeshire, UK, collector; previously in an old UK collection.

422

423

Literature See Ross, A., Pagan Celtic Britain, London, 1967, for an overview of the iconography of pre-Christian Britain and Ireland; Rynne, E., Figures from the Past, Studies on Figurative Art in Christian Ireland in Honour of Helen M. Roe, Dublin, 1987.

424

CELTIC DAGGER POMMEL WITH BULL HEADS 5th century BC A bronze pommel with part of a hilt from a dagger, taking the form of a standard with two bull or boar heads, hatched crescent to the centre. 22.9 grams, 46mm (1¾"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 450 - 670 USD 550 - 820 Provenance Property of a West Essex gentleman; formerly in a 1980s private collection. Literature See Moscati, S. (ed.), I Celti, Milano, 1991, pp.155ff, for similar styles of craftsmanship. Footnotes The decorative zoomorphic style recalls the 'masked' bronze fibulae of the Rhine graves of the Hallstatt princes, which date to circa 500 BC. Towards the end of the Hallstatt period, the graves of the Celtic princes reflected their social position and were replete with rich funerary deposits including golden discs, Etruscan bronze vessels, chariots, drinking horns and weapons decorated with zoomorphic elements.

424

425

ROMANO-CELTIC RIDER WARRIOR 1st century BC-1st century AD A bronze figure formed as a rider with legs spread as though seated on horseback, right arm raised, crested helmet and baldric to the right shoulder, impressed facial details. 37 grams, 50mm (2"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 560 - 790 USD 680 - 960 Provenance From the private collection of a retired Suffolk, gentleman; found Suffolk, UK. Literature Cf. Rolland, H., Bronzes Antiques de Haute Provence, Paris, 1965, item 320, for type.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

425

187


Saxon Viking & Germanic Also see lots 2065 - 2244 188

Lots 426 - 483


426

SCANDINAVIAN PRE-VIKING GOLD BRACTEATE 5th century AD A sheet-gold disc with ribbed suspension loop, applied braided filigree border; concentric bands of stamped pellet-cluster and griddedtriangle motifs, central scene with profile male bust supported by an advancing horse with pellets to the brow, triskele behind. 8.62 grams, 48mm (2"). Very fine condition. £6,000 - 8,000 EUR 6,740 - 8,980 USD 8,200 - 10,940 Provenance The property of an UK collector; acquired in the early 1990s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10502-170790. Literature Cf. Franceschi, G., Jorn, A. & Magnus, B., Mennesker, Guder og Masker i Nordisk Jernalderkunst, vol.1, Borgen, 2005, items 111, 112, for type.

426

427

VIKING GOLD LUNAR PENDANT 9th-10th century AD A gold pendant in the form of a lunar crescent, applied granules to the border, the centre with triangular filigree motifs; tubular suspension ring above. 4.2 grams, 36mm (1½"). Fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 670 - 900 USD 820 - 1,090 Provenance Property of a European collector; acquired in 2010; previously in a Dutch private collection formed in the 1970s-1990s.

427

428

VIKING GOLD FILIGREE TORTOISE PENDANT 9th-11th century AD A gold domed tortoise-shaped pendant with applied granulation and wire decoration to the upper face, four lateral lugs for the feet and a larger one with applied granule eyes below; barrel-shaped suspension loop with granule collars. 2.13 grams, 20mm (¾"). Very fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,120 - 1,570 USD 1,370 - 1,910

428

Provenance Property of a Dutch collector; acquired on the European art market between 1975-2000.

429

VIKING GOLD FILIGREE SUN WHORL PENDANT 9th-11th century AD A substantial gold filigree pendant with elaborate decoration; a central boss with beaded border, surrounded by a ring of beaded pellets within a beaded circle; nine wave-like scrolls radiating, with beaded pellets in the field; within a double ropework border; apex loop above with pellet on plaque either side, a scroll and boss decorating its length. 7.47 grams, 42mm (1½"). Very fine condition, cracked. [No Reserve] £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,120 - 1,570 USD 1,370 - 1,910

429

Provenance From a central London collection; previously in a European collection formed 1979-1989.

430

SCANDINAVIAN PRE-VIKING GOLD FILIGREE PENDANT 6th century AD A gold disc pendant with filigree pattern to the top in the form of four opposed pelta patterns in twisted ropework with beads of gold between, with central circular ropework; suspension loop to the top with S-shape twisted rope. 4.41 grams, 31mm (1¼"). Very fine condition. [No Reserve] £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,350 - 1,910 USD 1,640 - 2,320 Provenance From a London W1, UK, collection; acquired on the German art market before 2000; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, GemA, ref. no.168053/07/12/2020.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

430

189


431

VIKING GOLD FILIGREE PENDANT WITH CROSS AND SCROLLS 9th-11th century AD A substantial gold filigree pendant with elaborate decoration; a central openwork beaded cross with four beads to centre, surrounded by a ring of eight scrolls within a twisted wire circle; zigzag design around within a double ropework border; apex loop above with pellet on plaque either side, a scroll and pellet decorating its length. 8.12 grams, 40mm (1½"). Very fine condition. [No Reserve] £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,680 - 2,250 USD 2,050 - 2,730 431

Provenance From a central London collection; previously in a European collection formed 1979-1989.

432

VIKING GOLD RING WITH GLASS INLAY 9th-11th century AD A gold ring with flat-section hoop expanding at the shoulders, applied granules and tongue-shaped band to the shoulders; a ribbed wire framing the circular bezel set with cut blue and white glass inlays. 7.49 grams, 21.34mm overall, 17.91mm internal diameter (approximate size British M, USA 6, Europe 12.46, Japan 12) (1"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470 Provenance From the private jewellery collection of a UK gentleman; acquired from a London coin fair in the 1990s; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no. 171910/07/12/2020.

432

Literature See Tait, H. ed., 7000 Years Of Jewelry, The British Museum Press, London, 2009, pp.101-112, for discussion.

433

GERMANIC GOLD RING WITH GARNET FLOWER 5th-6th century AD A gold finger ring with round-section hoop with central circular bezel flanked by five smaller round cells and a tear-shaped cell, each set with garnets. 5.89 grams, 21.39mm overall, 17.35mm internal diameter (approximate size British N, USA 6½, Europe 13.72, Japan 13) (¾"). Very fine condition. £2,500 - 3,500 EUR 2,810 - 3,930 USD 3,420 - 4,790

433

Provenance Property of an English collector; acquired from John Moor, York, UK, in the late 1990s; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, GemA, ref. no.168702/07/12/2020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10464-168702. Literature Cf. Menghin, W., The Merovingian Period. Europe Without Borders, Berlin, 2007, item I.34.7, for a comparable example.

434

MEROVINGIAN GOLD RING WITH GARNET 6th century AD A gold finger ring with D-section hoop, square bezel with carinated profile, cell with inset garnet cloison. 5.21 grams, 22.83mm overall, 19.89mm internal diameter (approximate size British Q, USA 8, Europe 17.49, Japan 16) (1"). Very fine condition. A large wearable size. £800 - 1,000 EUR 900 - 1,120 USD 1,090 - 1,370 Provenance The property of an UK collector; acquired in the early 1990s.

434

190

Literature See Hadjadj, R., Bagues Merovingiennes - Gaul du Nord, Paris, 2007, item 354, for type.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


435

VIKING ELF SHOT PENDANT 9th-10th century AD A sheet-gold pendant cell with filigree annulets and suspension loop; containing a lapis lazuli gemstone carved in a double piriform shape. 2.23 grams, 21mm (1"). Very fine condition. £700 - 900 EUR 790 - 1,010 USD 960 - 1,230

435

Provenance Ex Abelita family collection, 1970s-2000s.

436

GERMANIC GOLD BUCKLE WITH GEMSTONES 5th-6th century AD A heavy gold buckle comprising a round-section loop thickening at the forward edge; curved tongue; heart-shaped plate with three inset garnet cloisons, pierced plate beneath to accept three attachment rivets. 19.4 grams, 33mm (1¼"). Very fine condition. £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 2,020 - 2,690 USD 2,460 - 3,280 Provenance Property of a European collector; acquired in 2010; previously in a private Dutch collection formed in the 1970s-1990s.

436

Literature See Menghin, W., The Merovingian Period. Europe Without Borders, Berlin, 2007, for discussion.

437

VIKING PERIOD IRON FINNO-UGRIC SHAMANIC MASK 10th century AD An iron face mask for the cloth of a chudi shaman, showing a long embossed nose and shallow eyes; the borders folded back for attachment to a fabric background; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 731 grams total, 28.5cm including stand (11¼"). Fair condition. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,250 - 3,370 USD 2,730 - 4,100 Provenance Property of a London businessman; formerly in the Lithuanian private collection of V. L. in the 1980s; accompanied by an archaeological report by military specialist Dr. Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10394-169243. Literature See Znamenski, A., The Beauty of the Primitive: Shamanism and Western Imagination, Oxford, 2007; Vadetskaya, E.B., The ancient Yenisei Masks from Siberia, Kranoyarsk, 2009. Footnotes In various Eurasian regions particular traditions of mask making were present. The simplest ones were made of a piece of cloth, leather or paper, in which slots for eyes, nose and mouth were cut. Masks represented animal heads, faces of men or mythic characters. They often created an image of a 'scary' being or an animal with shaggy brows, thick beard, moustache, huge nose, protruding teeth, etc. Folk names of masks also indicated their demonic nature, the faces of devils or fiends.

437

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

191


438

438

SCANDINAVIAN VIKING TORTOISE BROOCH NECKLACE SET 9th-10th century AD A bronze brooch and pendant assemblage comprising: two elliptical bronze tortoise brooches, each domed with raised ornament of four Borre-style faces with pellet eyes to the centre of a panel of body parts and hatching with two more faces to the narrow ends, wide flange, catchplate, pin hinge and pendant attachment bar to the reverse; two openwork triangular-shaped pendants each with an apex loop and five lower attachment loops, each pendant joined by three double-link chains; to one side two additional chains of double-links join a bronze equal-arm brooch with two trapezoidal arms, each with raised Borre-Style geometric ornament, masks to the ends and central domed panel, hinged pin to the reverse, pierced lug to accept the chain, and a bronze fire steel with two large perched ravens facing each other on the handle, remains of the iron striker below; to the other side two additional chains of double-links join an iron key and a pair of iron sheers. 527 grams total, 8.6-42cm (3¼ - 16½"). Very fine condition; professionally cleaned and conserved. [3] £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470 Provenance From the family collection of a UK gentleman, by descent in the early 1970s; previously acquired before 1960; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10511-170962.

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439

Literature See MacGregor, A. et al., A Summary Catalogue of the Continental Archaeological Collections, Oxford, 1997, item 4, for oval brooches; cf. Ewing, T., Viking Clothing, Stroud, 2007. Footnotes Scandinavian women's display jewellery in the Viking age comprised both utilitarian and symbolic items. The brooches were worn high on the chest, supporting an apron-type overdress (hangerok) with the beads and chains strung between them and various small items attached. The pendants probably symbolised the authority of the female in the domestic sphere (key, coin, spindle whorl), and in husbandry (model animal, crotal bells, model knife).

439

VIKING TWISTED TORC WITH PENDANTS 9th-11th century AD A large bronze neck-torc with twisted shank and loop terminals, each loop with a linked chain with three horse-head pendants with hanging bells and chains. 415 grams, 44cm including pendants. (9"). Very fine condition. [No Reserve] £800 - 1,000 EUR 900 - 1,120 USD 1,090 - 1,370 Provenance From the family collection of a UK gentleman, by descent in the early 1970s; previously acquired before 1960.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


440

441

442

443

440

442

ANGLO-SAXON ENAMELLED HANGING BOWL MOUNT GROUP

GERMANIC ANTLER MOUNT WITH HORSE AND RIDER

6th century AD

7th-9th century AD or earlier

A matched trio of bronze disc appliqués, each a plaque with trilinear border surrounding a pattern of La Tène whirls and tendrils reserved against a red enamel field. 52 grams total, 41-42mm (1½ - 1¾"). Fine condition. £6,000 - 8,000 EUR 6,740 - 8,980 USD 8,200 - 10,940

A skilfully carved antler mount of discoid form with pelletted border, central motif of advancing warrior on horseback, holding right arm up, left hand gripping reins, dressed in short draped tunic. 5.7 grams, 42mm (1¾"). Fine condition, repaired. £500 - 700 EUR 560 - 790 USD 680 - 960

Provenance Found Leicestershire, UK, 2020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10440-168912.

Provenance Property of a Dutch collector; acquired on the European art market between 1975-2000.

443 Literature Cf. Farley, J. & Hunter, F., Celts Art and Identity, London, 2015, item 162.

441

SAXON ENAMELLED BIRD BROOCH 9th-10th century AD A bronze disc brooch with red enamelled figure of a bird reserved against a blue enamelled field; substantial pin, lugs and catch to the reverse. 12.69 grams, 50mm (2"). Very fine condition. £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 2,020 - 2,690 USD 2,460 - 3,280 Provenance From an important private Dutch collection; formerly in the collection of Dr. Hans-Ulrich Haedeke (1928-2017), author of ‘Schmuck Aus Drei Jahrtausenden’ and who became the director of the Museum of Klingenmuseum in Solingen, Germany, in 1968; the collection was formed in the early 1960s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10480169960. Literature Cf. Heeren, S. & van der Feijst, L., Fibulae uit de Lage Landen. Beschrijving, Analyse en Interpretatie van een Archeologische Vondstcategorie, Amersfoort, 2017, p.231, type 89c, for discussion.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

IRISH EARLY CHRISTIAN ENAMELLED BELT FITTING WITH RAVENS 8th century AD A Hibernian bronze strap fitting with enamelled detailing; the plate comprising a rectangular upper panel with reserved rectilinear blocks on a red enamelled field, two crescent panels with a median curved bar and similar below with central pellet (ravens?), all flanking an ellipsoid void; lower panel with hole at the upper edge and notched lower edge; single pierced attachment lug to the reverse of the upper panel and two to the lower panel. 6.46 grams, 25mm (1"). Very fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,680 - 2,250 USD 2,050 - 2,730 Provenance From an important private Dutch collection; formerly in the collection of Nicholas Wright, Kilburn, London. Literature Cf. O'Kelly, M.J., The Belt-Shrine from Moylough, Sligo, in The Journal of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland, vol. 95, no.1/2, Dublin, 1965. Footnotes The item has the appearance of a one-piece strap or belt-buckle. The hole in the lower panel would allow a narrow tongue to be inserted and looped around the bar to form a free-moving tongue. However, the provision of attachment lugs on the rear of the upper and lower panels indicates that the whole piece was intended to be attached to a single strap, or possibly that two separate straps were joined using the piece as a connector. The strap(s) would have been narrow, since the aperture is only 11.5mm wide and the attachment lugs on the reverse are 10.8mm apart on the outer edges. The style of decoration is similar to that seen on Irish belt-shrines, such as the example from Moylough (County Sligo), and it may be that the piece once formed part of such a revered object.

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444

SCANDINAVIAN VIKING FREYA AND FREYR ON BEAST BROOCH 11th-12th century AD

444

A bronze openwork appliqué or brooch frame formed as two figures standing side-by-side, one male with short tunic and one hand on his chest, the other female with ankle-length robe holding flowers(?) to her chest; the feet of both resting on a sleeping feline with head turned to face the viewer; hole to the male's hip to accept a securing stud or brooch pin; accompanied by a custom-made stand. 26.4 grams total, 98mm including stand (4"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £800 - 1,000 EUR 900 - 1,120 USD 1,090 - 1,370 Provenance From the family collection of a UK gentleman, by descent in the early 1970s; previously acquired before 1960. Literature For the design see Oldtidens Ansigt, Det kongelige Nordiske Oldskiftselska og Jysk Arkaeologisk Selskab, 1990, p.134, 138. Footnotes The figures presented may represent the brother-and-sister deities Freyr (Lord) and Freya (Lady), and Freya's totemic animal the cat. The crossed hand on the chest is a puzzling symbol, possibly symbolising the gesture of a specific god, ritual act or blessing. Another similarity can be observed on rock art in Scandinavia, especially the image of a 'divine couple', a strong motif known from the late Iron Age depicted on many golden sheets called guldgubbers. Several scholars argue that this image represents the marriage of the god Freyr and giantess Gerd; however, it may also represent the union of Freyr with his sister Freya.

445

445

VIKING SEATED FREYR STATTUETTE 9th-12th century AD A bronze seated figure of a nude male with exaggerated genitals, hands resting on bent knees, incised Y-shaped detail on the chest, youthful face with moustache. 15 grams, 37mm (1½"). Very fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 560 - 790 USD 680 - 960 Provenance Property of a Dutch gentleman; formerly in a private collection formed in Berlin, Germany; acquired on the European art market before 2000. Footnotes The figure is dated to the Viking Age and has an erect penis, so it is assumed to be the god Freyr. This is due to an 11th century description of a phallic Freyr statue in the temple at Uppsala, but the identification is uncertain. It has also been suggested that the figure is a gaming piece. If it is the image of a god, it could be a small, devotional statuette of a type mentioned in Old Norse sagas.

446

LARGE VISIGOTHIC BOW BROOCH WITH RADIATE BIRD HEADS 6th century AD A substantial bronze bow brooch comprising: triangular headplate flanked by two groups of two opposed bird-heads, inset garnet cabochons; broad bow with herringbone detailing; narrow triangular footplate with four lateral lobes, inset garnet cabochons; pin-lug to the reverse with catch and second pierced lug at the foot. 110 grams, 16.2cm (6½"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £600 - 800 EUR 670 - 900 USD 820 - 1,090 Provenance Ex central London gallery; previously acquired on the European art market.

446

194

Literature Cf. Menghin, W., The Merovingian Period. Europe Without Borders, Berlin, 2007, item IX.6.5, for type.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


447

PRE-VIKING TWO-HEADED SERPENT BROOCH 6th century AD A bronze brooch formed as a double-headed serpent, each head resting on the body, creating a figure-of-eight composition; ring-anddot on each head for eye; pin and catchplate on reverse. 5.14 grams, 31mm (1¼"). Very fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 670 - 900 USD 820 - 1,090 Provenance Ex East Anglia collection; acquired early 2000s. Literature See Steuer, H. et al., Reallexikon de Germanischen Altertumskunde Fibel und Fibeltracht, Berlin, 2000, p.157, for other examples which represent stages in the development of this type.

447

Footnotes A comparable twin snakehead brooch excavated at Hvolris, Viborg, dated to c. 600 AD. It is currently on display at the Viborg Museum in Denmark.

448

SCANDINAVIAN PRE-VIKING BOAR'S HEAD BROOCH 7th-8th century AD A bronze proto-boar's-head brooch formed as a keeled sub-triangular plaque, convex in profile with bulbs on the flanks extending to a short rounded projection; integral catchplate to reverse and remains of ferrous pin. 15.4 grams, 46mm (1¾"). Fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 450 - 670 USD 550 - 820 Provenance Ex East Anglia collection; acquired early 2000s.

448

Literature Cf. MacGregor, A. et al., A Summary Catalogue of the Continental Archaeological Collections, Oxford, 1997, item 3.5. Footnotes This form of brooch developed from Scandinavian Iron Age forms of bow brooch with crossbar, bow and footplate; it later evolved into the standard form of boar-head brooch.

449

SCANDINAVIAN VIKING ELLIPTICAL BROOCH OF GRIPPING BEAST STYLE 9th-10th century AD A bronze elliptical plate brooch with billeted border and low-relief knotwork bands, pin-lugs and catch to the reverse. 12.6 grams, 50mm (2"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 450 - 670 USD 550 - 820 Provenance From a private Northwest country collection; formerly acquired in the late 1950s; accompanied by a collector's cataloguing slip.

449

Literature Cf. Nerman, B., Die Vendelzeit Gotlands, Stockholm, 1969, pl.VII (5).

450

SCANDINAVIAN VIKING BORRE-STYLE SWORD SCABBARD CHAPE WITH MASK 11th century AD A bronze scabbard chape with scooped upper edges and openwork decoration; the apex of each scooped edge formed as a beast-head in plan with pellets for the eyes and muzzle, facing figure with bearmask and hair extending in multilinear loops, body similarly formed with interlaced limbs. 31.1 grams, 66mm (2½"). Very fine condition. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 450 - 670 USD 550 - 820 Provenance Property of a professional collector; acquired before 1990. Literature Cf. Murasheva, V.V. Gnezdovo, Rezultati kompleksnikh issledovaniy pamiatnika, St. Petersburg, 2007, fig. 9, items 1, 2; Paulsen, P., Schwertortbänder der Wikingerzeit, Stuttgart, 1953, fig. 48-55.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

450

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451

451

LARGE VIKING PERIOD SOGDIAN SILVER VESSEL WITH ANIMAL FIGURES 8th-9th century AD A spectacular sheet-silver bucket with drum-shaped body, narrow discoid repoussé base, bands of repoussé foliage to the body beneath a raised collar and fluted neck and rim; handle held by two securing hoops formed as miniature rams. 1.1 kg, 27cm (10½"). Very fine condition. A museum-quality display piece. £70,000 - 90,000 EUR 78,600 - 101,060 USD 95,700 - 123,050 Provenance Acquired by the current owner in London in 2012; formerly with Oxus Fine Arts Pte. Ltd, Singapore; previously in an old private collection; accompanied by an archaeological expertise by Dr. Raffaele D’Amato; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10413-170703.

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Literature See Sasanian Silver. Late Antique and Early Medieval Arts of Luxury From Iran. August-September 1967. The University of Michigan Museum of Art, Michigan, 1967; Marshak, B.I., Sogdiiskoe serebro. Ocherki po vostochnoi torevtike, Moscow, 1971; Fehervari, G., Islamic Metalwork of the Eighth to the Fifteenth Century in the Keir collection, London, 1976; Darkevich, V.P., Khudozhestvennyi metall Vostoka VIII-XIIIvv. Proizvedeniia vostochnoi torevtiki na territorii evropeiskoi chasti SSSR i Zaural'ia (Extensive analysis and description of the Eastern metal work of the 8th-13th centuries found in European Russia and Siberia), Moscow, 1976. Footnotes Dr. Grigoriev, in his studies on Sogdian silver artworks, has traced specific Sogdian features of metalwork prototypes on the basis of the ceramic replicas. Some of these features were distinguished on gold and silver vessels which possess many other characteristics bringing them together. In our bucket, the style and the decoration of the flowers resemble those of the bucket with deer from Shirokovskoe (Perm, see Marshak, 1971, T,35), while the bands of repoussé foliage to the body beneath the raised collar and fluted neck and rim recall the decoration of the dish with deer from Rep’evka, in Samara Province (Darkevich, 1976, n.12).

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


452

452

PRE-VIKING SILVER PLATE WITH RUNNING BEASTS Late 5th-6th century AD A shallow circular silver dish with applied flared foot to the underside; the upper surface with rolled rim and two bands of triple line engraving; at the centre, a roundel depicting three reserved elongated beasts, with outer and inner bands of lines, pellets and teeth with niello infill, secured to the body of the dish by a domed rivet with niello-filled cross and a beaded collar. 423 grams, 20cm (8"). Very fine condition, repaired. £15,000 - 20,000 EUR 16,840 - 22,460 USD 20,510 - 27,340 Provenance Ex Cooper collection, Gloucestershire, UK; acquired by her grandfather in Europe in the 1950s; thence by descent; accompanied by a positive X-Ray Fluorescence metal analysis certificate; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10432-170279. Literature See Pollington, S., Kerr, L. & Hammond, B., Wayland's Work: Anglo-Saxon Art, Myth & Material Culture from the 4th to 7th century, Ely, 2010, p.90-100, and references there. Footnotes The representations of the beasts are reminiscent of the Quoit Brooch Style from the late 5th and early 6th century.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

452

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453 455

454 453

454

VIKING PERIOD GILT-SILVER MOUNT WITH UGRIC GOD ON HORSEBACK

LARGE FRANKISH SILVER BROOCH WITH GILT BOSSES 5th-6th century AD

10th-12th century AD A silver disc mount with beaded rim, parcel-gilt concentric bands with beading, central textured field with reserved horseman with a bird of prey on his right arm; surrounding him a serpent, a bear, a wolf, a waterfowl, a dog; attachment scar to the reverse. 19.4 grams, 57mm (2¼"). Very fine condition. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,490 - 6,740 USD 5,470 - 8,200 Provenance Property of a London businessman; previously the property of a UK collector; formerly acquired in Germany after 1945; thence by descent; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10505-170704. Literature Cf. Adams, N., Bright Lights in the Dark Ages. The Thaw Collection of Early Medieval Ornaments, New York, 2014, item 6.20. Footnotes The disc is a close parallel for the 'falconer disc' type of ornament found in the Urals region and known from a number of similar finds. The type is believed to have been made by the court craftsmen of the Volga Bulgar capital at Bilyar. This citadel was destroyed by the Mongols in 1236 AD. The discs remained in use as heirlooms for a considerable period. The iconography represents a falconer hunting with his favourite bird, surrounded by a sample of the wildlife of the northern forests. Some examples show the falconer raising a drinking horn to his lips. In addition to the gilt band, there is evidence for the use of niello to provide a stark contrast to the bright metal surfaces. The purpose of the discs has never been established for certain, but one possibility is that they were used as tally or accreditation items, guaranteeing safe passage to the bearer throughout the territory of the issuing ruler.

A composite disc brooch comprising an iron core and silver outer plates; the obverse decorated with silver inlay in the Tauschierung technique in wedge-shaped blocks and strips with a ring of reserved meander pattern and another of pellets; four gilded bosses to the outer edge, central disc; to the reverse, two pin-lugs and a catch, old collector's reference 'MS116'. 58.1 grams, 61mm (2½"). Fine condition, some restoration. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,250 - 3,370 USD 2,730 - 4,100 Provenance From an important private Dutch collection; formerly in the collection of Dr. Hans-Ulrich Haedeke (1928-2017), author of ‘Schmuck Aus Drei Jahrtausenden’ and who became the director of the Museum of Klingenmuseum in Solingen, Germany, in 1968; the collection was formed in the early 1960s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10479169959. Literature Cf. Beck, H. et al., Fibel und Fibeltracht, Berlin, 2000, fig.153(1), from Nordhausen, Germany; Menghin, W., The Merovingian Period. Europe Without Borders, Berlin, 2007, item VI.5.2.8.

455

VIKING PERIOD AVARIC SILVER PHALERA WITH GRYPHON ATTACKING A BULL 8th century AD A large exquisitely worked phalera of a winged mythical creature with a griffin's head, attacking a stag, the details of the creature's body are finely delineated, the coats of both animals wrought to highlight the musculature, the background finely stippled throughout; to the reverse four small eyelets for attachment. 67.9 grams, 67mm (2½"). Very fine condition. £5,000 - 7,000 EUR 5,610 - 7,860 USD 6,840 - 9,570 Provenance From an old private Vienna collection; acquired 1970s-1980s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10536-171045. Literature The iconography of which is reminiscent of the motifs found in the gold treasure of Nagyszentmiklós.

198

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


456

VIKING PERIOD AVARIC SILVER PHALERA WITH LION ATTACKING AN ANTELOPE 8th century AD A large exquisitely worked phalera of a fierce lion attacking a doe within a circle, both facing left, the details of the creature's body are finely delineated, the coats of both animals skilfully wrought to highlight the musculature, the background plain with scrolling foliage; to the reverse four small eyelets for attachment. 53.9 grams, 62mm (2½"). Very fine condition. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,490 - 6,740 USD 5,470 - 8,200 Provenance From an old private Vienna collection; acquired 1970s-1980s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10539-171044.

456

Literature The iconography of which is reminiscent of the motifs found in the gold treasure of Nagyszentmiklós.

457

VIKING PERIOD AVARIC SILVER PHALERA WITH GRYPHON 8th century AD An exquisitely worked phalera of a winged mythical creature with a griffin's head, advancing to the right, the details of the creature's body are finely delineated, the background is left vacant, bordered by rows of dots and a wavy line; to the reverse four small eyelets for attachment. 36.4 grams, 54mm (2"). Very fine condition, heavily patinated. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470 Provenance From an old private Vienna collection; acquired 1970s-1980s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10541-171042.

457

Literature The iconography of which is reminiscent of the motifs found in the gold treasure of Nagyszentmiklós.

458

VIKING PERIOD AVARIC SILVER PHALERA WITH GRYPHON 8th century AD An exquisitely worked phalera of a winged mythical creature with a griffin's head, advancing to the right, the details of the creature's body are finely delineated, the background is left vacant, bordered by rows of dots and a wavy line; to the reverse four small eyelets for attachment. 33.3 grams, 54mm (2"). Very fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470 Provenance From an old private Vienna collection; acquired 1970s-1980s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10542-171043.

458

Literature The iconography of which is reminiscent of the motifs found in the gold treasure of Nagyszentmiklós.

459

SCANDINAVIAN VIKING SILVER AND NIELLO DISC BROOCH PAIR 10th-11th century AD A substantial matched pair of silver and niello disc brooches, each with an entwined triple banded Borre style design with running legs within a beaded border; hinged pin, catch and two safety loops to each reverse, one pin absent. 50.2 grams total, 44-47mm (1¾"). Very fine condition. [2, No Reserve] £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470 Provenance From a central London collection; previously in a European collection formed 1979-1989.

459

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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VIKING SILVER ENTWINED-BEAST THOR'S HAMMER PENDANT 10th-12th century AD A silver hollow-formed pectoral cross pendant with applied filigree hoops to the fusiform head, stylised face with circular eyes and beaked nose, beard developing to a dense interlaced panel of filigree and granulation. 7.8 grams, 43mm (1¾"). Very fine condition. [No Reserve] £2,500 - 3,500 EUR 2,810 - 3,930 USD 3,420 - 4,790 460

Provenance From a private Northwest country collection since early 2000; previously from a UK private collection from the 1980s; accompanied by a collector's cataloguing slip. Literature Cf. Franceschi, G., Jorn, A. & Magnus, B., Mennesker, Guder og Masker i Nordisk Jernalderkunst, vol.1, Borgen, 2005, pl.227. Footnotes This piece bears many similarities to a hoard found on the island of Hiddensee in the Baltic Sea. The hoard consisted of a classic Borre-style disc brooch, a neck ring of four twisted rods and a necklace of ten stylised cruciform pendants, such as this example. The items constitute a single set of jewellery and seems to have been a gift from a Danish nobleman intended for presentation to a Slav woman of high standing. They were buried for safety en route, during some local emergency that resulted in it not being claimed. Evidence for the production of pendants in the Hiddensee style is provided by the remarkable find of forty-one bronze dies, as used for the manufacture of the pressed sheets onto which the filigree wires and granules were soldered. These dies were kept together in a leather bag, which had been dropped in the harbour at Hedeby.

461 461

VIKING SILVER FILIGREE PENDANT SCROLL WHORL 9th-11th century AD A substantial silver discoid pendant comprising: a central sun whorl with six arms within a beaded circle, surrounded by eight scrolled ornaments; double ropework border with pellet circle within; folded apex loop with lug and pellet either side, with two zigzag ornaments decorating its length. 9 grams, 47mm (1¾"). Very fine condition. [No Reserve] £800 - 1,000 EUR 900 - 1,120 USD 1,090 - 1,370 Provenance From a central London collection; previously in a European collection formed 1979-1989.

462

VIKING SILVER HELMETTED FACE PENDANT 9th-12th century AD 462

A hollow-formed silver teardrop pendant with ribbed suspension loop, male mask formed from bands of filigree and granulation. 3.8 grams, 39mm (1½"). Very fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 900 - 1,120 USD 1,090 - 1,370 Provenance Property of a European collector; acquired in 2007; previously in a Dutch collection formed in the 1980s-1990s.

463

VIKING SILVER BEARDED FACE MOUNT 8th-9th century AD A silver discoid mount, the domed centre with a bearded male face, possibly wearing a helmet, large almond-shaped eyes and open mouth, the rim with punched design and four attachment holes. 7.2 grams, 29mm (1¼"). Very fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 670 - 900 USD 820 - 1,090 463

200

Provenance Property of a European collector; acquired in 2007; previously in a Dutch collection formed in the 1980s-1990s.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


464

465

464

VIKING SILVER ODIN WITH RAVENS PENDANT 9th-10th century AD A discoid silver pendant with integral loop, border enclosing a lowrelief image of a male facing mask between two birds embraced at the necks. 2.12 grams, 20mm (¾"). Very fine condition. [No Reserve] £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,350 - 1,910 USD 1,640 - 2,320 Provenance From a central London collection; previously in a European collection formed 1979-1989. Literature Cf. Hammond, B. M., British Artefacts Volume 2 - Middle Saxon and Viking, p.57, item 1.5.3-f; Korshyn, V.E., Yazcheskye Priveski Drevnei Rusi X-XIV Vekov, Moscow, 2013, item M.2.02.

466

as spoons for dispensing medicines or psychotropic substances, or associated with the preparation of mead. This would tie in with the representation on the spoons of the Valkyrie holding a drinking horn of mead, an object that she traditionally welcomed a slain warrior with as they arrived at Valhalla. The meaning of their name, 'choosers of the slain,' refers not only to their choosing who gains admittance to Valhalla, but also to their choosing who dies in battle and using malicious magic to ensure that their preferences in this regard are brought to fruition. Examples of Valkyries deciding who lives and who dies abound in the Eddas and sagas. The Valkyries’ gruesome side is illustrated most vividly in the Darraðarljóð, a poem contained within Njal’s Saga. Here, twelve Valkyries are seen prior to the Battle of Clontarf, sitting at a loom and weaving the tragic destiny of the warriors (an activity highly reminiscent of the Norns). They use intestines for their thread, severed heads for weights, and swords and arrows for beaters, all the while chanting their intentions with ominous delight.

466

VIKING SILVER OSEBERG GRIPPING BEAST BROOCH 8th-9th century AD

465

VIKING SILVER APOTHECARY SPOON WITH ENTWINED BEASTS 9th-11th century AD A silver implement in the form of a small elongated spoon with deep dish, large plate handle in the form of two Jellinge entwined beasts with open curled mouths and sinuous double banded bodies; with lozenge-shaped suspension loop to the apex. 10.6 grams, 71mm (2¾"). Very fine condition. [No Reserve] £600 - 800 EUR 670 - 900 USD 820 - 1,090 Provenance From a central London collection; previously in a European collection formed 1979-1989. Literature Cf. Arbman, H., Birka I: Die Gräber, Uppsala, 1940, pl.173, item 1; for the example found at Birka see the Swedish History Museum, Stockholm, accession number 34000; also cf. Sedov, B.B., Finno-Ugri i Balti v Epokhi Srednevekovija, Moscow, 1987, pl.XVII (13, 14), for the type. Footnotes Commonly described as ear scoops, the high workmanship and sometimes expensive material, such as the silver-gilt example found at Birka, as well as the subject matter of the images on them, would suggest that they were used

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

An Oseberg style silver plate brooch in the form of a recumbent gripping beast enmeshed in loops of three-band knotwork forming the limbs; pin lug and catch on the reverse. 10 grams, 52mm (2"). Very fine condition. [No Reserve] £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,490 - 6,740 USD 5,470 - 8,200 Provenance Property of a Lancashire gentleman; previously in a German collection; formerly the property of a European gentleman living in Germany; acquired in the 1980s; accompanied by an old detailed cataloguing slip. Literature See Fell, C., Foote, P., Graham-Campbell, J. and Thompson, R., The Viking Age in the Isle of Man, London, 1981, p.71, fig.11, for type. Footnotes The Oseberg style, also known as the Broa or Early Viking style, is characterised by representations of gripping beasts and was widespread from the end of the 8th century to the middle of the 9th century. The style became known following the discovery of a ship grave in Oseberg, on the shores of the Oslofjord, Norway. Beasts such as this, made from metal or carved in wood, were depicted on items of every-day use. Famously, they are also found in the carved ornament of the Oseberg ship itself.

201


467

467

468

VIKING SILVER SHIELD MAIDEN STAFF TERMINAL

VIKING SILVER DECORATED BRACELET

9th-10th century AD

9th-10th century AD

A substantial silver figure of a maiden warrior modelled in the round, hollow to receive the end of a shaft; depicted standing with large bulging oval-shaped eyes, slender nose, small ears and mouth, long hair parted at the centre and knotted at the back of the head, forming a suspension loop, continuing to flow to the ground; wearing a long pleated dress decorated with two cross ornaments and annulets to either side; holding a large round shield in her left hand, and a sword held upright in her right; the shield decorated with a triskele formed of three scrolls radiating from a two-tier boss in the centre, with a ringand-dot between; the silver content includes 11.5% gold by X-ray fluorescence. 41.1 grams, 44mm (1¾"). Very fine condition, flaw to right cheek. Excessively rare. £10,000 - 14,000 EUR 11,230 - 15,720 USD 13,670 - 19,140

A silver penannular bracelet with convex upper face divided into four panels by hatched borders, each panel with punched interlaced zigzag motifs with a central ring-and-dot motif. 28.4 grams, 66mm (2½"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 560 - 790 USD 680 - 960

Provenance Property of a European collector; acquired in 2013; previously part of a Belgian collection; formerly in the collection of Herr Erhard Richter since 1937; before that with Jörg Weber; accompanied by the original 1937 invoice; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10513-172106. Literature See Vang Petersen, P., Valkyrier og Bersærker. Mytologien i Smykkekunsten, in Madsen, P.K. (ed.), Danefæ. Skatte fra den Danske Muld, Copenhagen, 2010; see Gardeła, L., ‘Warrior-women’ in Viking Age Scandinavia, A preliminary archaeological study in Analecta Archaeologica Ressoviensia, vol.8, Rzeszów, 2013. Footnotes This figure resembles a find from Galgebakke, Denmark, a similar silver figure holding a short sword and clutching a shield by the boss (Vang Petersen, item 4). The Galgebakke figure is identified as female on the basis of the elaborate crested hairstyle, and an ankle-length dress with tiny feet beneath. The interpretation usually offered for this figure is that of a skjoldmø or 'shieldmaiden', a female who takes up arms in pursuit of vengeance such as the legendary Hervor in Hervarar saga ok Heiðreks. Scholars used to interpret these armed females as valkyries - hand maidens of the god Oðinn - but the idea has been challenged recently (Gardeła, 2013).

202

Provenance Property of a European collector; acquired in 2007; previously in a Dutch collection formed in the 1980s-1990s.

469

VIKING PERIOD KHAZAR SILVER BELT FITTINGS 9th-10th century AD A set of silver belt mounts and fittings comprising: twenty-three plaques, each a chevron of leaves with stem in the crook and radiating florets; seventeen figural plaques, each a squatting figure with arms raised holding a flower(?) in each hand, suspension ring below; two plaques with a canine quadruped in profile, legs folded beneath the body; tongue-shaped strap end with scene depicting a kneeling male figure prising open the jaws of a crouching lion; two slotted mounts each a facing head, shoulders and bent arms; buckle with squatting figure facing, arms bent and hands raised, vertical pillar extending beneath the chin; all mounted on a modern leather belt. 117grams, 99.5cm (39"). Fine condition. £5,000 - 7,000 EUR 5,610 - 7,860 USD 6,840 - 9,570 Provenance Property of a London businessman; acquired in London from M. S. in 2010; formerly in an old private German collection since 1997; accompanied by an examination report by Dr. Noel Adams; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10363-168774. Literature See Zhivkov, B., Khazaria in the Ninth and Tenth Centuries in Curta, F., East Central and Eastern Europe in the Middle Ages, 450-1050, Leiden, 2015.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


468

469

470

470

VIKING PERIOD GILT-SILVER OPENWORK BUCKLE SET 8th-9th century AD A suite of silver parcel-gilt belt fittings from south-eastern Europe comprising: four D-shaped plaques with central void and gilt trefoil, lobes to the rim, attachment studs to the reverse; twenty-nine similar plaques each with a loop to the upper edge; twenty-eight similar smaller studs; strap end with three D-shaped voids and tiered motifs; belt buckle with voided plaque, cusped loop; displayed on a reconstructed leather belt with pendant straps. 392 grams total, 2143mm (1 - 1½"). Very fine condition. [63] £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,490 - 6,740 USD 5,470 - 8,200

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Provenance Ex Mr L.W. in 2005; formerly in an old private Israeli collection, since the 1990s; accompanied by an expertise by Dr. Noel Adams; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10497-168772. Literature Cf. Fodor, I. et al., La Hongrie de l'An Mil. Naissance d'une Nation Européenne, Budapest, 1998, item 162, for type.

203


471

ANGLO-SAXON GILT GREAT SQUARE-HEADED BROOCH 6th century AD A gilt bronze great square-head brooch comprising: trapezoidal headplate with raised rectangular panel above the junction with the bow, hatched band and row of pellets within a raised frame, outer band of Style I profile heads with roundels to the rim, L-shaped angles at the upper corners and knop to the middle of the upper edge; shallow bow with raised median and outer ribs, punched roundels between; square panel between the bird-head lappets with vertical rib, Style I ornament between discoid lobes with punched roundels and large ellipsoid finial with rosette detailing; pin-lugs and catch to the reverse. 88.3 grams, 12cm (4¾"). Very fine condition, repaired. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,250 - 3,370 USD 2,730 - 4,100 Provenance Found near Dullingham, Cambridgeshire, UK. Literature Cf. Hines, J., A New Corpus of Anglo-Saxon Great Square-Headed Brooches, London, 1997; Nassington 33, pl.94b.

471

Footnotes As is usual with these large display brooches, no two are identical, but almost all the design features on it find parallels in the corpus published by Hines (1997). The brooch sharing the greatest number of similarities is probably the example from Nassington, grave 33, (Hines's plate 94(b)) with a very similar layout to the headplate, including the angled 'braces' at the upper corners, the rosette lobes and finial. Hines assigns the Nassington brooch to his subgroup iv, to which the present brooch must also belong.

472

LARGE VIKING SILVER-GILT FILIGREE PENDANT WITH BEAST 9th-11th century AD A substantial fully gilded silver pendant with complex Jellinge beast left, facing back to the right, gripping a tendril, within a double rope border with filigree annulets in the field; suspension loop to the apex, decorated with two further filigree annulets. 6.08 grams, 44mm (1½"). Very fine condition. [No Reserve] £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,250 - 3,370 USD 2,730 - 4,100 Provenance From a central London collection; previously in a European collection formed 1979-1989.

472

473

MEROVINGIAN SILVER-GILT BROOCH WITH FILIGREE AND GARNETS 5th-6th century AD A silver-gilt plate brooch mounted on an iron carrier plate with pinlugs and catch to the reverse; the octofoil facing plate with beaded wire rim, applied beaded wire scrolls and granules, four radiating triangular cells and a central lozengiform cell each set with a garnet cloison. 9.19 grams, 29mm (1"). Very fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470

473

Provenance From an important private Dutch collection; formerly in the collection of Dr. Hans-Ulrich Haedeke (1928-2017), author of ‘Schmuck Aus Drei Jahrtausenden’ and who became the director of the Museum of Klingenmuseum in Solingen, Germany, in 1968; the collection was formed in the early 1960s; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no.169956/07/12/2020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10456-169956. Literature Cf. Adams, N., Bright Lights in the Dark Ages. The Thaw Collection of Early Medieval Ornaments, New York, 2014, item 4.21, for type; Beck, H. et al., Fibel und Fibeltracht, Berlin, 2000, fig.169(2); Heynowski, R., Bestimmungsbuch Archaeologie: Fibeln, Munich, 2012, item 3.26.3.

474

204

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


475

476 474

MEROVINGIAN SILVER GILT SQUARE BROOCH WITH GARNETS 6th-7th century AD A rectangular silver-gilt plate brooch with slightly bowed edges, raised rim enclosing an S-scroll motif in each angle, four rectangular cells each with an inset garnet cloison, central low-relief rosette motif; pinlug and catch to the reverse, with old collector's reference 'MS232'. 9.83 grams, 29mm (1"). Fine condition, some restoration. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470 Provenance From an important private Dutch collection; formerly in the collection of Dr. Hanns-Ulrich Haedeke (1928-2017), author of ‘Schmuck Aus Drei Jahrtausenden’ and who became the director of the Museum of Klingenmuseum in Solingen, Germany, in 1968; the collection was formed in the early 1960s; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no.169958/07/12/2020; this lot has also been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10457-169958. Literature Cf. MacGregor, A. et al., A Summary Catalogue of the Continental Archaeological Collections, Oxford, 1997, item 59.4, for type.

475

GOTHIC SILVER-GILT RAVEN-HEADED BUCKLE 5th-6th century AD A silver-gilt 'eagle' buckle and plate comprising: a domed D-shaped loop with stepped outer edge and running scrolls, each finial a profile eagle head with inset garnet(?) cabochon eyes; the tongue D-shaped in section with ribbed butt and beast-head finials, garnet(?) cabochon eyes; the hinged plate square with central garnet (replaced), running scrolls to the frame and inset garnet(?) cabochon to each corner; two opposed profile bird-heads to the trailing edge, each with an inset garnet(?) cabochon eye; six fixing holes. 88 grams, 11.5cm (4½"). Fine condition. £700 - 900 EUR 790 - 1,010 USD 960 - 1,230 For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Provenance Ex N. Alexander collection, Brighton, UK, circa 1980. Literature Cf. Menghin, W., The Merovingian Period. Europe Without Borders, Berlin, 2007, item I.8.11. Footnotes 'Eagle' buckles are typical of the period of Gothic dominance of the Black Sea region from the 3rd century onwards. Political control by the Goths was broken after their disastrous defeat by the Huns in the 5th century, but the area surrounding Crimea remained culturally distinct for centuries afterwards.

476

GOTHIC GILT SILVER RAVEN-HEADED BUCKLE 5th-6th century AD A large silver-gilt eagle-type belt buckle with rectangular plaque, Dshaped loop and zoomorphic tongue; the plaque with scroll detail to the border and cell to each corner with inset cabochon garnet(?), rear extension in the form of an eagle-head in profile with scrolls to the neck around a triangular flat bed garnet(?), and cabochon garnet(?) eye; to the centre of the plaque a discoid cell inset large cabochon garnet (replaced); the loop hollow to the reverse, with running scroll and zigzag ornament and four cells with inset cabochon garnets(?); the tongue trapezoidal in section with scroll detail to the forward end and inset garnet(?) cabochon to either side. 73 grams, 11.5cm (4½"). Fine condition. £700 - 900 EUR 790 - 1,010 USD 960 - 1,230 Provenance Ex N. Alexander collection, Brighton, UK, circa 1980. Literature Cf. Menghin, W., The Merovingian Period. Europe Without Borders, Berlin, 2007, items I.7.1, I.8.10. Footnotes 'Eagle' buckles are typical of the period of Gothic dominance of the Black Sea region from the 3rd century onwards. Political control by the Goths was broken after their disastrous defeat by the Huns in the 5th century, but the area surrounding Crimea remained culturally distinct for centuries afterwards.

205


477

VIKING GILT SILVER ELABORATE BIRD BROOCH 9th-10th century AD A silver-gilt plate brooch of a bird with low-relief detailing, almondshaped, pellets to the forehead, with beak pierced horizontally to accept a beaded ring; to the centre of the back, wings and tail; complex Borre style design of entwined tendrils; pin-lug, sprung pin and catch to the reverse. 21.23 grams, 77mm (3"). Very fine condition. [No Reserve] £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,490 - 6,740 USD 5,470 - 8,200 477

Provenance From a central London collection; previously in a European collection formed 1979-1989.

478

VIKING GILT SILVER BIRD BROOCH WITH BEARDED MASK 9th-10th century AD A silver-gilt plate brooch of a bird with low-relief detailing, pellet eyes, pellets to the shoulders and gilt bands below, bearded mask to the centre of the back and trefoil to the tail; pin-lugs and catch to the reverse, remains of niello throughout; pin removed in antiquity and two strip-twisted wire loops inserted for use as a pendant. 20.2 grams, 73mm (3"). Very fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470 Provenance Property of a European collector; acquired in 2007; previously in a Dutch collection formed in the 1980s-1990s; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10544-172056.

479

LARGE OSTROGOTHIC SILVER JEWELLED EAGLE BUCKLE Early 7th century AD 478

A silver belt buckle of the 'eagle' type comprising: a shallow domed loop with band of running scroll ornament, two cells flanking the tongue-rest and two more to the ends, each with an inset black glass cabochon; hollow-formed trapezoid-section tongue with incised saltires to the rear lateral faces, hooked forward end, two lateral cells with black glass cabochons, the whole representing the head and beak of a bird of prey; square buckle-plate with hinge to the forward edge, cabochon in cell to each corner and scrolled bands between, central chip-carved rectangle with raised cell and inset red glass cloison, four attachment rivets; to the rear edge, a stylised eagle-head with black glass cabochon eye in a cell, chip-carved neck, short curved beak; bronze rear mounting plate with reinforcing strips to the edges; mounted on a custom-made display stand. 223 grams total, 16.5cm (20cm including stand) (6½ (8)"). Fine condition. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,250 - 3,370 USD 2,730 - 4,100 Provenance Property of a London businessman; acquired from Kai Schmidt, Cologne, Germany, 2006; accompanied by a copy of the original invoice; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10335-168734. Literature Cf. Menghin, W., The Merovingian Period. Europe Without Borders, Berlin, 2007, item I.18, a similar find from Koreiz, Ukraine; see also the same volume, p.75, fig.4, for the full suite of metal dress fittings. Footnotes Buckles such as the one offered here constituted part of the displays of finery associated with wealthy females. The buckle belongs to the Gothic presence in the area of the modern Ukraine or Crimea.

479

206

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


480

THURINGIAN SILVER BIRD-HEADED SWASTIKA BROOCH 6th century AD A silver plate brooch with domed body and four radiating profile birdheads; the plate dished to the reverse, the obverse set with eight wedge-shaped garnet cloisons surrounding a central disc; each birdhead with a large discoid garnet cloison eye and separate hooked beak and neck; old inked collector's reference 'MS/139' to the reverse. 10.47 grams, 37mm (1½"). Very fine condition. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,490 - 6,740 USD 5,470 - 8,200

480

Provenance From an important private Dutch collection; formerly in the collection of Dr. Hanns-Ulrich Haedeke (1928-2017), author of ‘Schmuck Aus Drei Jahrtausenden’ and who became the director of the Museum of Klingenmuseum in Solingen, Germany, in 1968; the collection was formed in the early 1960s; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no.169957/07/12/2020; this lot has also been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10448-169957. Literature Cf. Menghin, W., The Merovingian Period. Europe Without Borders, Berlin, 2007, item V3.10.2, for a similar example.

481

VENDEL SILVER GILT BROOCH WITH GARNETS 4th-5th century AD A silver-gilt bow brooch comprising a D-shaped headplate with three radiating lugs, each set with a garnet cabochon; deep D-section bow, tapering footplate with animal mask detailing below with sockets for the eyes below the bow, parallel-sided footplate finial with hatched triangular panel either side representing the nose; pierced lug with remains of iron pin and curved catchplate to the reverse. 24.6 grams, 71mm (2¾"). Fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 560 - 790 USD 680 - 960

481

Provenance Property of a Dutch collector; acquired on the European art market between 1975-2000.

482

ALEMANNIC SILVER STRAP END WITH INLAYS 6th-7th century AD A large D-shaped strap end formed of two silver sheets; smaller Dshaped gold inlay to centre, cells inlaid with gemstones(?) in the form of a tree; gold filigree wire border, with two rivet holes for attachment, one rivet in situ. 13 grams, 52mm (2"). Fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,120 - 1,570 USD 1,370 - 1,910

482

Provenance Property of a European collector; acquired in 2010; previously in a Dutch private collection formed in the 1970s-1990s.

483

LARGE VIKING OR SAXON SILVER RINGERIKE STYLE BUCKLE 8th-11th century AD A crescentic buckle loop with pierced cube at each end, band of Ringerike Style looped tendrils to the upper face, hollow to the reverse. 33.7 grams, 65mm (2½"). Very fine condition. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 450 - 670 USD 550 - 820 Provenance Property of a professional collector; acquired before 1990. Literature Cf. Arbman, H., Birka I: Die Gräber, Uppsala, 1940, pl.87, items 1-5.

483

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

207


Medieval Post Medieval & Christian Also see lots 2245 - 2516 208

Lots 484 - 532


484

485 484

485

MEDIEVAL GROTESQUE OF A TERRIFIED MAN

LARGE MEDIEVAL SCULPTURE OF THREE DEMONS

15th-16th century AD

14th century AD

An imposing sandstone gargoyle depicting a man looking downwards on a section of architectural spire element, holding fast onto two metal rings pinned to the column face and also gripping tightly with his ankles; the man wearing a wide-brimmed hat with large feather and a neck ruff; his long-sleeved tunic with dentil lower edge detail and wrist cuffs, also wearing soft leather shoes; his bearded features, with gaping mouth and contorted face, suggest he is in terror of falling; of Spanish workmanship. 42.8 kg, 68cm (26¾"). Fine condition. Very rare. [No Reserve] £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,490 - 6,740 USD 5,470 - 8,200

An evocative and substantial sandstone carving of a group of three beast-headed demons crouched together, each with a human body and limbs surmounted by a dog-like head with pronounced ears, deep-set eyes, lolling tongue and elongated nose; the figure to left as viewed apparently feeding the centre demon and the one to the right holding a bone; of French workmanship. 48.6 kg, 50cm (19¾"). Fine condition, weathered. [No Reserve] £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470

Provenance Ex central London gallery; previously with Jean-Emmanuel Prunier, Louviers, France, 23 January 2011, lot 92; accompanied by a scholarly note TL5353 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10538-170736. For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Provenance Ex central London gallery; previously with Piasa, Paris, France, 17 December 2015, lot 40; accompanied by a scholarly note TL5361 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10500-170739.

209


486

486

'THE 'WYKEHAM CHAPEL' LINCOLNSHIRE MAN

MEDIEVAL

CORBEL

OF

A

Early 14th century AD A carved limestone corbel, the male head with deep recesses accentuating the expressive facial features, curls of hair falling at the sides from beneath a skull cap, his extended neck protruding from a folded robe; the underside showing a deeply incised triskele mason's mark. 29.5 kg, 43cm (17"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,250 - 3,370 USD 2,730 - 4,100 Provenance Ex central London gallery; previously with Tomasso Brothers, St. James's, London SW1, in 2008; originally from Wykeham Chapel, Weston, Lincolnshire, UK; accompanied by a copy of a collection catalogue and information page; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10549-170701. Footnotes Wykeham Chapel of St Nicholas was part of of Wykeham Hall, the residence of the Prior of Spalding, the chapel originally built in 1311; having been desecrated during the dissolution under Henry VIII, it was 'restored' in the 16th century; the roof collapsed in 1782 and it was not until 1838 that some clearances were undertaken; the chapel remains as a ruined shell to this day, with the font apparently now serving as a birdbath. Figural corbels often depicted the faces of local people such as clergymen and other persons of note; the skull cap suggests the former in this instance.

487

MEDIEVAL FRAGMENTARY CAPITAL WITH LION 12th-15th century AD A carved limestone capital with cylindrical base with circumferential foliate frieze; four acanthus leaves would have originally sprung from collar; grotesque faces between, including a human head and a lion's head; some fine detailing to the various design elements. 29.6 kg, 33cm (13"). Fair condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470

487

210

Provenance Ex central London gallery; accompanied by a scholarly note TL5335 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10329166532.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


488

488

MEDIEVAL FIGURES OF SOULS IN PURGATORY Circa 1520 AD A group of two carved limestone figures representing naked souls in purgatory, enveloped in purifying flames; one a 'cherubic' child with short tousled hair, the other a bearded adult male with hands pressed together in prayer; both with extensive pigments surviving to surfaces and details; of French workmanship. 8.7 kg total, 23-25cm (9 - 10"). Very fine condition. [2, No Reserve] £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,250 - 3,370 USD 2,730 - 4,100 Provenance Ex central London gallery; previously with Antoine Boccador-Lieveaux, Paris, France; accompanied by a scholarly note TL5319 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10530-170740.

489

MEDIEVAL FRENCH HERALDIC TILE WITH KNIGHT ON HORSEBACK

489

Late 13th-14th century AD A glazed ceramic tile depicting an advancing knight on horseback, holding a sword in his raised right hand. 7.30 grams, 12 x 12.5cm (4¾ x 5"). Fine condition. Rare. [No Reserve] £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,120 - 1,570 USD 1,370 - 1,910 Provenance Ex central London gallery; previously with Etude Tajan, 10 December 2013, lot 66.

490

MEDIEVAL FRENCH HERALDIC TILE WITH LOVING COUPLE Late 15th century AD A glazed tile from Beauvais(?), France, depicting a courting couple holding hands amidst trees. 745 grams, 13 x 13cm (5 x 5"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 450 - 670 USD 550 - 820 Provenance Ex central London gallery; previously with Mark Van Veen, 2014.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

490

211


491

MEDIEVAL LIMOGES GILT CORPUS CHRISTI 12th-13th century AD A substantial gilt-bronze Corpus Christi figure with inclined head, knee-length loincloth, feet resting on a rectangular plaque; detailing to the face, torso, cloth and feet, including red garnet cabochon eyes; pierced for attachment, remains of blue and green enamels; mounted on a custom-made stand. 322 grams total, 28.5cm including stand (11¼"). Fine condition. Rare. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,490 - 6,740 USD 5,470 - 8,200 Provenance From the family collection of a UK gentleman, by descent in the early 1970s; previously acquired before 1960; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10450-170960.

491 Footnotes Limoges Corpus Christi figures were usually modelled wearing crowns in the 12th-13th century AD, until the latter part of the 1200s when the Church decided that it was no longer acceptable to depict Jesus as a crowned king. This cross is a rare example of the adaptation of an item made towards the earlier part of this period, when Christ would have worn a crown, and adapted towards the end of the 13th century, when the crown was clearly removed.

492

MEDIEVAL FRENCH PROCESSIONAL CROSS WITH FLEUR-DE-LYS TERMINALS 14th-15th century AD A large processional brass cross with a segmented bulb above the flared basal socket, arms with raised rings, radiating knops and fleurde-lys finials; inscribed design to upper arm and the reverse with incised maker’s name 'Loren le Parmentir' at centre. 2.3 kg, 59cm (23¼"). Fine condition; old repair. £500 - 700 EUR 560 - 790 USD 680 - 960 Provenance Ex Abelita family collection, 1970s-2000s. Footnotes The use of fleur-de-lys terminals is characteristic of 14th-15th century French crosses.

493

MEDIEVAL GOLD FLORAL RING WITH GEMSTONE 10th-11th century AD

492

A gold ring with thick hexagonal hoop with cloisonné cell vine scroll motif; hexagonal bezel with central garnet cabochon surrounded by radiating cloisonné cell petals. 5.29 grams, 25.17mm overall, 17.26mm internal diameter (approximate size British N, USA 6½, Europe 13.72, Japan 13) (1"). Fine condition. £1,800 - 2,400 EUR 2,020 - 2,690 USD 2,460 - 3,280 Provenance Ex Abelita family collection, 1970s-2000s; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no. 171790/07/12/2020. Literature See The Metropolitan Museum of Arts, accession number 2001.446, for a cloisonné ring.

494

MEDIEVAL GOLD STIRRUP RING 13th-15th century AD A gold finger ring with D-section hoop, floral designs in raised relief at the shoulders, 'pyramidal' bezel set with a dark green glass or emerald cabochon at the apex. 2.00 grams, 23.82mm overall, 17.13mm internal diameter (approximate size British O, USA 7, Europe 14.98, Japan 14) (¾"). Very fine condition. £2,500 - 3,500 EUR 2,810 - 3,930 USD 3,420 - 4,790 493

212

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


Provenance Property of an English collector; acquired from John Moor, York, UK, in the late 1990s; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, GemA, ref. no.168701/07/12/2020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10463-168701. Literature Cf. Chadour, A.B., Rings. The Alice and Louis Koch Collection, volume I, Leeds, 1994, for comparable examples; cf. Portable Antiquities Scheme Database, KENT-5DD1D6, for a comparable ring. Footnotes This form of finger ring rose to popularity in the middle of the 12th century and continued to be produced into the 15th century.

495

MEDIEVAL GOLD 'STIRRUP RING' WITH BEAST HEADS AND EMERALD 13th-15th century AD

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A heavy gold ring with D-section hoop engraved with annulets between chevrons, the shoulders with feline-heads in high-relief, facing stirrup bezel set with a polished emerald at the apex. 8.63 grams, 26.78mm overall, 19.63mm internal diameter (approximate size British T, USA 9½, Europe 21.26, Japan 20) (1"). Very fine condition. A large wearable size. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470 Provenance Property of an English collector; acquired from John Moor, York, UK, in the late 1990s; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, GemA, ref. no.168685/07/12/2020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10454-168685. Literature Cf. Portable Antiquities Scheme, WREX-848E6F, for another ring of this period with comparable shoulders. Footnotes The animal heads presented here are Romanesque in style, although this would be too early for the generally accepted date range for stirrup rings. Precious stones had a wide variety of associations in this age; a typical example of a late medieval lapidarium is the one by Raymond Lull. The eighteenth chapter is devoted to the virtues and properties of the emerald: 'We saw that as long as we carried it, we healed many suffering falling sickness. By virtue of this stone we also stopped tempests. . . and we tried it on exhausted travellers who immediately recovered from the labours of the long travel.' He prescribed its use for King Robert of Sicily, when troubled by a fit of violent madness, since 'the stone of emerald mitigates the one who wears it, and eliminates impatience from the human body, and resists the Devil, so that he cannot harm by a noxious temptation...'

495

496

MEDIEVAL GOLD LOVE RING WITH HISTORIC NATURAL DIAMOND 14th-15th century AD A gold ring with slender D-section hoop engraved with scrollwork design and 'AMA' (love) 'DIO' (possibly Amadeus or God?) lettering in two sections around the hoop; scooped shoulders and calyxshaped bezel set with stunning natural diamond. 2.09 grams, 29.10mm overall, 18.84mm internal diameter (approximate size British Q, USA 8, Europe 17.49, Japan 16) (1¼"). Very fine condition. A large wearable size. £5,000 - 7,000 EUR 5,610 - 7,860 USD 6,840 - 9,570 Provenance Property of an English collector; acquired from John Moor, York, UK, in the late 1990s; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, GemA, ref. no.168684/07/12/2020; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10442-168684. Literature Cf. Victoria & Albert Museum, Gold ring set with a diamond Europe c1400 inscribed Ava Maria, London; Scarisbrick, D., Rings. Jewellery of Power, Love and Loyalty, London, 2013, pp.302-303, for a comparable love ring and diamond.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

496

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497

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'THE HEDINGHAM CASTLE ESTATE' ELIZABETHAN GOLD RING WITH EDWARD DE VERE AS EMPEROR 1575-1600 AD A substantial gold finger ring with D-section hoop, high-relief scrolled foliage on a pounced field to the bezel and shoulders; cell with contemporary inset carnelian intaglio profile male bust possibly of Edward de Vere, the 17th Earl of Oxford, with radiate crown of an emperor in the classical style, of Italian workmanship. 11.87 grams, 27.57mm overall, 22.02mm internal diameter (approximate size British V, USA 10½, Europe 23.77, Japan 22) (1"). Very fine condition. A large wearable size. £15,000 - 20,000 EUR 16,840 - 22,460 USD 20,510 - 27,340 Provenance Found by Tomasz Krawczuk while searching with a metal detector near the River Colne, between Halstead and Hedingham Castle, Essex, UK, on 3 December 2018; declared as treasure under the Treasure Act, Treasure Case number 2018 T1046, and disclaimed on 12 March 2020; accompanied by copies of a letter from the British Museum, the treasure report, and the Portable Antiquities Scheme report number ESS-A69E73; an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no. 8697/07/12/20; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10431-168697. Literature Cf. Scarisbrick, D., Rings: Jewelry of Power, Love and Loyalty, London, 2007, item 41, for this ring type with similar inset carnelian profile bust intaglio; see Goldstein, G., Edward de Vere, Earl of Oxford (1550-1604), in Elizabethan Review for a summary of de Vere's life and works; see Webbe, W., A Discourse of English Poetrie, 1586, Puttenham, E., The Art of English Poetrie, 1589; and Peacham, H., The Compete Gentleman, 1622, for details of his literary works and connections.

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Footnotes The ring's find spot is in the area between the villages of Castle Hedingham and Halstead, a tract of land held from the time of the Norman invasion of the late 11th century by the de Vere family. This wealthy dynasty included several earls of Oxford and other notables. The castle was one of the de Veres' principal seats throughout the medieval period, but was sold off in 1625. One owner of the castle estate was Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford (12 April 1550-24 June 1604), who was a favourite at the court of Queen Elizabeth but was considered unsuited for any responsible office due to his volatile temper. He was a champion jouster, and travelled throughout France and Italy in pursuit of fame. He had literary ambitions and was noted for his love poetry and his work as a playwright, though none of his plays are known to survive. He was admired for his patronage of literary, religious, musical, and medical works. His family was associated with artistic endeavours of many kinds and supported troupes of actors known as Oxford's Men and Oxford's Boys; the former troupe mostly toured the provinces while the latter played at the Blackfriars Theatre, the lease of which was passed to John Lyly, secretary to the 17th Earl. William Webbe and George Puttenham each consider de Vere to be 'first' among Elizabeth I's courtier poets and there are a number his poems surviving in published form. An interesting aside concerns the association of Edward's name with the works of William Shakespeare by J. Thomas Looney, Shakespeare Identified in Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford, This rare ring is of Italian manufacture, of a type made in Italy in the late 16th century. It could easily have been bought when Edward, at the age of 25, was touring Italy during 1575-1576. The famous historian and antiquarian John Stow recorded that Edward was '...captivated by Italian fashions in clothing, jewellery and cosmetics... having introduced various luxury items to the English court which immediately became fashionable'. The ring's intaglio features a distinctive profile, echoing a classical type but not obviously replicating a single prototype. The bust resembles a type showing a Roman emperor in profile, wearing a radiate bust and with the neck of his tunic displayed, in the style of the 3rd century AD. The neck of the bust is depicted very long, a feature which appears on only a few imperial busts. In combination with the radiate crown, the likeliest candidates for the original on which the style of this copy is based would include Victorinus, a Romano-Gallic Emperor 268-270 or, possibly, Macrinus, joint Emperor 217-218, as seen on coins of these emperors. The treatment of the bust is intended to display the owner of the ring in a familiar but classical guise, associated with images of imperial power and long-standing authority.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


498

MEDIEVAL GOLD TWISTED RING WITH GARNET 14th-16th century AD An ornate gold ring with hoop comprising two bars, one twisted and one diamond-section, twisted around each other; three applied granules to the shoulders, discoid bezel with raised cell set with garnet cabochon. 2.97 grams, 24.76mm overall, 18.16mm internal diameter (approximate size British P, USA 7½, Europe 16.23, Japan 15) (1"). Very fine condition. A large wearable size. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,350 - 1,910 USD 1,640 - 2,320

498

Provenance Ex Abelita family collection, 1970s-2000s; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, Gem-A, ref. no. 171788/07/12/2020.

499

MEDIEVAL GOLD ARCHER'S RING WITH GEMSTONES 14th-16th century AD A gold finger ring with twisted filigree edges to the hoop and incuse zigzag ornament; the triangular flange set with three irregular turquoise gemstones in cells with granules between. 5.21 grams, 22.68mm overall, 18.76mm internal diameter (approximate size British N, USA 6½, Europe 13.72, Japan 13) (1"). Fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,120 - 1,570 USD 1,370 - 1,910 Provenance Property of an East Anglian collector; formerly acquired on the European art market in the 1990s.

499

Literature Cf. Chadour, A.B., Rings. The Alice and Louis Koch Collection, volume I, Leeds, 1994, items 545, 546.

500

MEDIEVAL GOLD RING WITH GEMSTONE 15th-16th century AD A gold ring with round-section hoop and rectangular bezel, decorated with a frieze of interlace design; set with a cut and polished carnelian stone, held by four 'claws'. 2.78 grams, 19.90mm overall, 3.85mm internal diameter (approximate size British F, USA 2¾, Europe 3.67, Japan 3) (¾"). Very fine condition. £800 - 1,200 EUR 900 - 1,350 USD 1,090 - 1,640 Provenance Property of an English collector; acquired from John Moor, York, UK, in the late 1990s.

501

ELIZABETHAN PERIOD GOLD RING WITH GEMSTONES

500

16th century AD A gold finger ring with twisted wire hoop, triangular shoulders each with a granulated piriform cell and inset garnet, the bezel a cluster of turquoise, amethyst and carnelian beads between bosses on a lobed discoid plaque. 3.93 grams, 23.15mm overall, 19.47mm internal diameter (approximate size British N, USA 6½, Europe 13.72, Japan 13) (1"). Fine condition. A large wearable size. £800 - 1,000 EUR 900 - 1,120 USD 1,090 - 1,370 Provenance Property of an East Anglian collector; formerly acquired on the European art market in the 1990s. Literature Cf. Chadour, A.B., Rings. The Alice and Louis Koch Collection, volume I, Leeds, 1994, items 684, 685, for type.

501

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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502

SPANISH GOLD RING WITH TABLE-CUT GEM Late 16th-early 17th century AD

502

A gold finger ring with D-section hoop and median band of punched hatching, each shoulder a spray of curled foliage with billets to the vertical spine, square pie-dish bezel with lateral foliage supports, the bezel with triangular leaf detailing, central red table-cut ruby imitation. 5.77 grams, 24.29mm overall, 17.90mm internal diameter (approximate size British L, USA 5¾, Europe 11.24, Japan 10) (1"). Very fine condition. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,350 - 1,910 USD 1,640 - 2,320 Provenance Property of an English collector; acquired from John Moor, York, UK, in the late 1990s; accompanied by an independent specialist report and valuation by graduate gemmologist and jewellery expert Anna Rogers, GIA GG, BA, GemA, ref. no.168692/07/12/2020. Literature Cf. Scarisbrick, D., Rings: Jewelry of Power, Love and Loyalty, London, 2007, items 436 and 437, for type.

503

MEDIEVAL GILT SILVER ARMORIAL SEAL RING 15th century AD 503

A substantial silver-gilt finger ring with cusped hoop, stepped shoulders with teardrop appliqués, octagonal bezel; each appliqué with hatched field and reserved blackletter 'e' on one shoulder and 'l' (or 'i') on the other; the bezel with central heater shield and reserved lion rampant motif, rim with pointillé border and enigmatic Lombardic legend 'A[.]KAIVSRAKAU'. 12.32 grams, 27.61mm overall, 20.45mm internal diameter (approximate size British S, USA 9, Europe 20, Japan 19) (1"). Very fine condition. A large wearable size. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,350 - 1,910 USD 1,640 - 2,320 Provenance Property of an English collector; acquired from John Moor, York, UK, in the late 1990s. Literature Cf. Scarisbrick, D., Rings: Jewelry of Power, Love and Loyalty, London, 2007, item 39, for type.

504

MEDIEVAL AND TUDOR PERIOD HERALDIC STAINED GLASS COLLECTION 15th-16th century AD

504

A group of six stained glass panels comprising four with armorials: two with heraldic heater-shaped shields with quartered arms; one with arms including six Tudor roses; one armorial with heater-shaped shield and merchant's monogram to the centre; two further panels comprising: a helmetted and winged figure wearing a plumed helmet; and one with a standing saint holding a book, possibly Saint Paul, a shield with words 'AGNVS DEI' to his side, the muzzle of the Lamb before the shield. 336 grams total, 10.7-14cm (4¼ - 5½"). Fair to fine condition. [6, No Reserve] £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,120 - 1,570 USD 1,370 - 1,910 Provenance Ex central London gallery; previously with Hugo Cortes (Joron-Derem); formerly from a Parisian collector.

505

MEDIEVAL STAINED GLASS PANNEAU D'ANTIQUAIRE Early 16th century AD

505

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A panneau d'antiquaire composed of Flemish stained glass including a central scene with St Nicholas with crozier, beside the scene of his best-known miracle, the three boys brought back to life by him after they were drowned in a brine tub, animals and human figures surrounding, one panel with a date 1545; in later leadwork with suspension loops for hanging. 1.6 kg, 53cm (21"). Fair condition. [No Reserve] £800 - 1,000 EUR 900 - 1,120 USD 1,090 - 1,370 Provenance Ex central London gallery; acquired on the European art market.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


506

MEDIEVAL STAINED GLASS PANEL WITH ST FRANCIS Circa 1530 AD A stained leaded window glass roundel depicting finely detailed and nimbate St Francis at centre, kneeling before a vision of the crucified Christ and receiving the stigmata, surrounding foliate frame bearing the words 'salut' and 'hiuer' repeated twice, but may be unrelated to the roundel; Dutch workmanship; with attached suspension loop for hanging. 853 grams, 30.5cm (12"). Fair condition. [No Reserve] £800 - 1,000 EUR 900 - 1,120 USD 1,090 - 1,370 Provenance Ex central London gallery; acquired in 2013 on the European art market.

506

507

MEDIEVAL VIRGIN MARY AND CHILD STAINED GLASS ROUNDEL Early 16th century AD A stained leaded window glass roundel depicting nimbate crowned Virgin Mary in rich blue robe holding radiant naked Child; the border in pale green and other panels in red; with later attached suspension loops and chain for hanging. 586 grams, 23.5cm (9¼"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £600 - 800 EUR 670 - 900 USD 820 - 1,090 Provenance Ex central London gallery; acquired on the UK art market in 1999.

508

MEDIEVAL WOODEN PILGRIM'S BADGE BOARD FOR PERSONAL DEVOTION 15th century AD A wooden board fashioned into Gothic tracery with three applied pewter pilgrim's badges; the upper left badge from the Marian shrine of Meerveldhoven, shaped as a medallion with central dividing inscription 'Maria te Merefelt', the lower section with two pilgrims standing in devotion before a statue of the crowned Virgin, the upper section with Tree of Life(?), above the medallion a cathedral in Gothic style, divided in five naves with a believer praying inside the main nave; to the upper right hand corner the badge of the Holy Blood of Boxtel, depicting priest Eligius holding an altar cloth with a chalice; the lower badge from s'-Hertogenbosch, shaped as a medallion with foliage, depicting Mary and St John the Evangelist, a transport ship beneath a Gothic cathedral, the central part with a leg, a hammer and pliers. 645 grams, 24.5cm (9¾"). Fine condition. £2,500 - 3,500 EUR 2,810 - 3,930 USD 3,420 - 4,790

507

Provenance Property of an East Anglian collector; formerly acquired on the European art market in the 1990s; found in a sunken boat in a Dutch canal; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10399-169276. Literature Cf. van Beuningen, H.J.E. & Koldeweij, A.M., Heilig en Profaan. 1000 laatmiddeleeuwse insignes uit de collectie H.J.E. van Beuningen Rotterdam Papers 8, Cothen, 1993, pp.143, 221-224; van Beuningen, H.J.E. & Koldeweij, A.M., Heilig en Profaan 2. 1200 laatmiddeleeuwse insignes uit openbare en particuliere collecties Rotterdam Papers 12, Cothen, 2001, pp.336-337, 388389; Blick, S., 'Bringing Pilgrimage Home: The Production, Iconography, and Domestic Use of Late-Medieval Devotional Objects by Ordinary People' in Religions 10, 392, 2019, pp.1-26 and p.3, for a similar piece.

508

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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509

511

510

512

509

MEDIEVAL PEWTER PILGRIM'S BADGE 14th-15th century AD A large and complex openwork uniface pewter pilgrim’s mirror from Aachen, depicting the holy relic of the Virgin’s dress, exposed annually to pilgrims who would hold up their mirrors to ‘capture’ the image; some minor losses to edges. 21.3 grams, 12cm (4¾"). Fine condition. Rare. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,120 - 1,570 USD 1,370 - 1,910 Provenance Property of an East Anglia, UK, gentleman; acquired in the 1990s. Literature See edd. Van Beuningen, H.J.E. & Koldeweij, A.M., Heilig en Profaan 1000 Laat-Middeleeuwse insignes, Rotterdam, 1993, afb. 418-421, for similar examples.

510

Provenance Property of an East Anglian gentleman; previously in a private collection formed prior to 2000; originally from Güstrow, a town in Mecklenburg, a pilgrim site from 1330 AD until the Reformation. Published Soon to be published in an academic paper on pilgrim badges by Dr. Jörg Ansorge, in the Journal of the Archaeological Society of MecklenburgVorpommern [Archäologische Berichte aus Mecklenburg-Vorpommern], fig.10, item g, where nine known examples are recorded, this example being one of the best condition examples known; accompanied by a copy of the proposed plate/fig.

MEDIEVAL TOY PEWTER CRADLE

512

15th-16th century AD

MEDIEVAL EROTIC BONE STEM FROM A CUP

A delicately formed openwork pewter rocking cradle, with pointed 'Gothic' arch details to sides and ends. 11.41 grams, 58mm (2¼"). Fine condition. Extremely rare; no other complete examples believed to have been recorded. [No Reserve] £500 - 700 EUR 560 - 790 USD 680 - 960 Provenance Ex Den of Antiquity, Cambridgeshire, UK (with ticket); formerly in a European collection from the 2000s. Literature See Forsyth and Egan, Toys, Trifles and Trinkets, London, 2005, p.234, reference 6.88, for an end panel from a similar rocking cradle.

511

MEDIEVAL GUSTROW PILGRIM'S BADGE WITH TORTURE BY JEWS OF A BLOODY HOST 14th-15th century AD A lead-alloy disc with lateral loops, low-relief image depicting the apocryphal story of pilgrims who venerated a bloody host; the host

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was alleged to have been tortured by local Jews, who supposedly pierced it with knives; after it started to bleed, the host was wrapped in a piece of cloth and hidden in a glass beaker under the floor of the synagogue; later the host was unearthed from the ground by a Christian priest; all of the objects from the story are pictured on the badge. 3.75 grams, 38mm (1½"). Very fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 450 - 670 USD 550 - 820

15th century AD A carved bone or ivory stem for a cup or chalice presenting a frieze of nude figures amidst a mesh of vine-leaves in high-relief, fronds and flowers on a hatched field; lower group comprising a female(?) climbing on a bending vine stem over a wicker basket, seated female holding the base of a stalk in one hand and observing a perching bird on the other; upper group comprising two lovers resting in a dense mass of foliage with female gripping a vine stem, two lovers supporting each other and the female grasping the male's shoulder, male standing with arms spread, holding a bunch of grapes; mounted on a custom-made stand. 136 grams total, 15.2cm including stand (6"). Fine condition; cracked. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,250 - 3,370 USD 2,730 - 4,100 Provenance Ex central London gallery; previously from a private collection, North Germany; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10551-170763.

513

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


513

'THE BEATLES' LENNON AND HARRISON SIGNED TAMBOURINE Signatures dated June 1967 AD A dark wood-framed traditional tambourine with thumbhole and six pairs of brass mini cymbals on wires to perimeter; the skin pinned to the frame and having, on the central inner surface, pencilled signature autographs of George Harrison and John Lennon; that of Lennon with June 1967 date and small face sketch below; traces of another name and date near edge. 237 grams, 28.5cm wide (11¼"). Fine condition. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,250 - 3,370 USD 2,730 - 4,100 Provenance From the collection of a Harwich, UK, gentleman; formerly the property of a retired Dovercourt gentleman; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10527-169237. Footnotes Calendar for June 1967: Thursday 01: Sgt Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band album released in UK 01: Recording: Untitled Friday 02: Sgt Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band album released in USA 02: Recording, mixing: It’s All Too Much Sunday 04: McCartney and Harrison watch Jimi Hendrix in London 07: Recording: You Know My Name (Look Up The Number) 08: Recording: You Know My Name (Look Up The Number) 09: Editing, mixing: You Know My Name (Look Up The Number) 12: US album release: The Family Way 14: Recording: All You Need Is Love 19: Recording: All You Need Is Love 19: Paul McCartney admits taking LSD 21: Mixing: All You Need Is Love 23: Recording: All You Need Is Love 24: Recording: All You Need Is Love 25: The Beatles on Our World: All You Need Is Love 26: Recording, mixing: All You Need Is Love 28: George Harrison is fined for speeding.

513

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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514

516

515

514

GREEK CRETAN SCHOOL ICON OF THE HODIGITRIA MOTHER OF GOD 16th century AD A rectangular painted and gilt icon of the Virgin Hodigitria, with nimbate Mary Theotokos supporting the infant Jesus who holds a scroll in one hand and makes the 'pax' gesture with the other; two mounting struts to the reverse. 1.8 kg, 44.5 x 33cm (17½ x 13"). Fine condition. £5,000 - 7,000 EUR 5,610 - 7,860 USD 6,840 - 9,570 Provenance Property of a London lady, part of her family's collection; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10489-170905. Literature See Weizmann, K. et al., The Icon, New York, 1982, for discussion.

515

MEDIEVAL CARPET MANUSCRIPT PAGE FROM A MASORETIC BIBLE IN HEBREW 14th-15th century AD A large vellum carpet manuscript page from a Masoretic Bible in Hebrew; three urns with flowers formed from text to the centre,

surrounded by a wide band of complex interlaced motifs also formed from text, with three bands of text either side. 37 grams, 40.5 x 28.5cm (16 x 11¼"). Fine condition, professionally restored. Rare. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470 Provenance Ex central London gallery; formerly with Sotheby's, London, UK, 17 June 2003, lot 74; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10509-170689. Literature See Masoretic Text (Hebrew-English), online full edition of the bilingual JPS Tanakh (1985) on Sefaria.

516

RUSSIAN ICON OF MOTHER OF GOD OF THE KIEV CAVES 17th century AD A curved wooden icon with raised border and mounting slots to the reverse; painted scene with facing nimbate Mary enthroned and nursing the infant Jesus flanked by winged angels Michael and Gabriel and bearded saints. 969 grams, 31.5 x 26.5cm (12½ x 10½"). Fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,120 - 1,570 USD 1,370 - 1,910 Provenance Property of a London lady, part of her family's collection. Literature See Weizmann, K. et al., The Icon, New York, 1982, for discussion.

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517

ETHIOPIAN CARVED FOLDING POLYPTYCH Late 17th century AD A small wooden folding polyptych with carved frame and suspension block, painted scenes including nimbate figures of Täklä-Haymanot accompanied by Abunä Ewostatéwos and Abuna Aregawi, Nativity scene with angels Michael and Gabriel near the Holy Child and the Virgin Mary, and St George (Bet Gorgis) on horseback, Geez script legends; the wood beautifully carved with an elaborate cross (Meskel) on both sides. 116 grams, 12.2cm (4¾"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £500 - 700 EUR 560 - 790 USD 680 - 960 Provenance Ex central London gallery since 2008; formerly in a UK private collection. Literature See Chojnaki, S., 'Notes on Art in Ethiopia in the 16th Century: an Enquiry into the Unknown Author(s)' in: Journal of Ethiopian Studies, Vol. 9, No. 2 (July 1971), pp. 21-97.

517

Footnotes Usually Saint George is represented as a dragon killer, but Bet Gorgis, represented as a simple rider, is found in early icons dating from the 16th century AD and on late icons of 17th century. The first shows characteristics of 15th century art, the second of Gondarene art. The spear carried by the saint is either slanted forwards and upwards or resting on his shoulder and directed to the back.

518

GREEK ICON OF HODIGITRIA OF GOD WITH BASMA 17th century AD A rectangular wooden icon with moulded frame and rosettes to the corners; painted figure of Hodigitria, Mother of God to the centre with applied bronze detailing to the two halos and both pairs of hands. 968 grams, 25.5 x 19.5cm (10 x 7¾"). Fine condition. £1,500 - 2,000 EUR 1,680 - 2,250 USD 2,050 - 2,730 Provenance Property of a London lady, part of her family's collection. Literature See Weizmann, K. et al., The Icon, New York, 1982, for discussion.

519

ETHIOPIAN PARCHMENT WITH THE VIRGIN MARY AND ABBA SALUSI FROM THE MONASTERY OF DABRA QALMON

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Late 17th century AD A parchment page with tempera illustrations of Miracles of Mary with explanatory text: (top left) 'This is Abba Yeshag, abbot of Däbrä Qälmon, who chastised Abba Salusi when he saw him eating at the wrong time' and 'these are the monks who seized Salusi'; 'This is how the same Salusi took peas in his hand'; (top right) 'How the same Salusi prayed before the image of Our lady Mary that she might save him from the monks'; 'How two monks seized Salusi by the arms'; probably from the reign of King Fasilädäs. 12.8 grams, 30.5 x 26.5cm (12 x 10½"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £500 - 700 EUR 560 - 790 USD 680 - 960 Provenance Ex central London gallery since 2000; previously in a Southern France private collection; accompanied by a copy of a collector's catalogue and information page. Literature See Berzock, Kathleen B., The Miracles of Mary: A Seventeenth Century Manuscript, Chicago, 2000; Mercier, Jacques et al., L'Arche Ethiopienne: Art Chrétien d'Ethiopie, exhibition catalogue, Paris, 2000, pp.129-30. Footnotes This miniature is from one of a number of richly illuminated manuscripts of the 'Miracles of Mary' produced in the mid 17th century AD, during the reign of King Fasilädäs. A manuscript probably painted in the same workshop is in the Art Institute of Chicago, inv.no.2002.4.

519

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520

ETHIOPIAN LARGE FOLDING POLYPTYCH ICON 1700-1720 AD

520

A large folding polyptych icon, one side with the crucifixion and the Resurrection of Christ, on the other side Saint George (Bet Gorgis) on horseback and Virgin Mary with the Child; in the Crucifixion, Jesus is flanked by the Virgin Mary and Saint John, the Virgin weeping, Saint John praying; in the Resurrection, Christ is rising in royal robe, blessing with the right hand, and holding a standard with the cross in his left hand; near him Adam and Eve, with crossed arms; Saint George is killing the dragon, mounted on a richly caparisoned horse, the princess near him; the Virgin Mary is holding the child seated on her left arm, the Child blessing with the right arm and holding the Gospel with the left one; beside them the archangels Michael and Gabriel. 395 grams, 21.5cm (8½"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £600 - 800 EUR 670 - 900 USD 820 - 1,090 Provenance From the private collection of Alistair McAlpine (1942-2014). Literature See Chojnacki, S., 'Notes on Art in Ethiopia in the 16th Century: an Enquiry into the Unknown Author(s)' in Journal of Ethiopian Studies, vol. 9, no.2 (JULY 1971), pp.21-97. Footnotes The Crucifixion scene shows a Western influence: Christ has a form of crown of thorns on his head, his arms are markedly slanted, and his long hair flows along his left arm to the elbow. Mary has her hands united in the weeping posture. The representation of Christ's closed eyes, large and horizontally elongated, may be associated with the icons in which the Virgin of the Santa Maria Maggiore type is found. The holy blood flows down, however, in accordance with oriental Christian tradition. Clearly the painting is an interesting amalgamation of 15th century inspirations and new influences of the Portuguese era in Ethiopian history, well-consolidated in the 18th century. The method of drawing with thick coloured lines on this icon is common to all the icons of this typology.

521

RUSSIAN ICON OF MOTHER OF GOD OF THE BURNING BUSH 18th century AD

521

A rectangular wooden board with mounting slots to the reverse; painted icon in a rectangular border, central tondo with Mother of God of the Burning Bush on a rosette including symbols of the Evangelists and nimbate winged angels; scenes from the life of Christ in the corners, legend above. 1.5 kg, 35.5 x 31cm (14 x 12¼"). Fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 670 - 900 USD 820 - 1,090 Provenance Property of a London lady, part of her family's collection. Literature See Weizmann, K. et al., The Icon, New York, 1982, for discussion.

522

GREEK ICON DEPICTING THE DORMITION OF THE MOTHER GOD Dated 1823 AD A rectangular wooden board with mounting struts to the reverse; painted icon of the Dormition of Mary surrounded by a group of followers, one swinging a censer; two small figures fighting before the table where Mary's body is laid out, one winged and swinging a drawn sword at the other whose hands are cut off by the blow. 1.8 kg, 39 x 32cm (15¼ x 12½"). Fine condition. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,350 - 1,910 USD 1,640 - 2,320 Provenance Property of a London lady, part of her family's collection. Literature See Weizmann, K. et al., The Icon, New York, 1982, for discussion.

522

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


523

525

524

526

523

525

GREEK ICON DEPICTING THE DOUBTING OF THOMAS

RUSSIAN DIPTYCH DOORS

Dated 1861 AD

18th century AD

A wooden board with painted and gold leaf icon depicting a scene from the life of Jesus; a group of disciples placed within an arcaded building, nimbate Christ in a central arch displaying the holes in his hand, chest and feet to a robed male figure (Thomas) pointing to his chest; Greek text below and date. 1.5 kg, 40 x 29cm (15ž x 11½"). Fine condition. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,350 - 1,910 USD 1,640 - 2,320

A pair of wooden diptych doors with mounting hinges to one edge; applied metal strip frames with pointillÊ running scrolls and foliage, pointillÊ text; upper panels with sun and moon; left door with upper panel depicting nimbate winged Gabriel addressing Mary, lower panel with reclining nimbate Mary and standing Christ holding the soul of Mary among the apostles; right door with upper panel depicting three nimbate angels around a table, lower panel with scene of presentation of Virgin Mary to the temple; mounted on a brass bar to the reverse. 1.1 kg, 44.5cm (17½"). Fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,120 - 1,570 USD 1,370 - 1,910

Provenance Property of a London lady, part of her family's collection. Literature See Weizmann, K. et al., The Icon, New York, 1982, for discussion.

524

GREEK ICON OF THE BLESSED MOTHER MARY WITH THE PROPHETS

Provenance Property of a London lady, part of her family's collection. Literature See Weizmann, K. et al., The Icon, New York, 1982, for discussion.

Dated 1698 AD

526

A rectangular wooden icon with moulded frame, painted figure of Madonna and Child to the centre with nimbate worshippers holding unfurled scrolls, Greek text with date. 149 grams, 18.5 x 14.5cm (7Ÿ x 5ž"). Fine condition. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,350 - 1,910 USD 1,640 - 2,320

18th century AD

Provenance Property of a London lady, part of her family's collection. Literature See Weizmann, K. et al., The Icon, New York, 1982, for discussion.

GREEK TWO-PART ICON DEPICTING PETER AND PAUL

A rectangular Greek wooden icon; painted and gold-leaf image of two bearded and nimbate figures supporting an octagonal church tower with altar, chalice and patten, cursive Greek text '' (Peter) and '[..]' (Paul); below, a scene with advancing robed and nimbate figure holding up a scroll, cursive Greek '  C' (Elias) beside a facing bearded nimbate figure holding up a codex, cursive Greek '  ' (Myron). 1.1 kg, 29 x 21.5cm (11½ x 8½"). Fine condition. £1,200 - 1,700 EUR 1,350 - 1,910 USD 1,640 - 2,320 Provenance Property of a London lady, part of her family's collection. Literature See Weizmann, K. et al., The Icon, New York, 1982, for discussion.

For charges payable in addition to the ďŹ nal hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

223


527

GREEK ICON OF CAMBRIA MADONNA AND CHILD 17th century AD A wooden icon with gilt border and recessed centre, painted image of nimbate Cambria Madonna holding the infant Jesus, executed on gold ground. 329 grams, 28.3 x 23.7cm (11¼ x 9½"). Fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 670 - 900 USD 820 - 1,090 Provenance Property of a London lady, part of her family's collection.

528

ETHIOPIAN DIPTYCH ICON OF THE VIRGIN AND CHILD AND THE CRUCIFIXION Late 16th-early 17th century AD

527

A wooden diptych with tempera on gesso-covered wooden boards; exterior and edges plain with gesso remains; inside frames painted yellow and green; panels attached with two double hinges of string; the right-hand panel showing the Crucifixion, Christ hanging from a columnar cross, bleeding from his five wounds, on either side of him are St John the Evangelist and Our Lady Mary, in attitude of grief, at the foot of the crucifix is the skull of Adam; the left-hand panel portraying the Virgin and Child flanked by archangels Michael and Gabriel, the Virgin is wearing an elaborate red mantle patterned with yellow-gold crosses, holding the Christ Child, wearing a yellow robe with a geometric pattern, looking up at the Virgin, and gently holding the edge of her garment, a small inscription indicating who the characters are. 366 grams total, 16.5 x 23cm each (6½ x 9"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £500 - 700 EUR 560 - 790 USD 680 - 960 Provenance Ex central London gallery since 2000; previously in a Southern France private collection; accompanied by a copy of a collector's catalogue and information page. Literature See Chojnaki, S., 'Notes on Art in Ethiopia in the 16th Century: an Enquiry into the Unknown Author(s)' in Journal of Ethiopian Studies, vol.9, no.2 (July 1971), pp.21-97.

529

ETHIOPIAN MAGIC SCROLL MANUSCRIPT 528

Mid 19th century AD A vellum scroll consisting of three pieces sewn together with stitched repairs to the top of the scroll; two columns of text framed by thin lightly coloured margins and separated by a central margin, written in black with the usual rubrics, comprising: prayer of Susneyos; the secret names of Solomon; a text described as 'how Our Lady expelled the demons and cured the sick ...'; three prayers: the Qalä Musé, or Words of Moses; a prayer against barya and buda; a prayer against stomach pains or cramps; two coloured paintings covering the width of the scroll, one placed centrally and one at the end of the scroll, one with two guardian angels standing face-on and holding drawn swords, the other with an ornamental cross, on the left an unidentified figure and on the right a demon, text beneath the figures reading 'for there is nothing that God cannot do'; the name of the owner of the scroll, inserted in red, is Wälättä Iyäsus; in a couple of places the second part of her name has been roughly erased and replaced by the name Heywät. 98 grams, 15.5 x 184cm (6 x 73½"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,120 - 1,570 USD 1,370 - 1,910 Provenance From the private collection of David Buxton (1910-2003), author of 'Travels in Ethiopia', 1949; accompanied by a copy of a collector's catalogue and information page. Literature See Mercier, J., Ethiopian Magic Scrolls, New York, 1979, pl.15; a scroll perhaps almost certainly by the same painter is in the Bibliothèque Nationale in Paris, Ethiopian 420.

529

224

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


530

ETHIOPIAN MEDIEVAL CROSS STANDARD 15th century AD A bronze processional cross finial with ribbed socket, flanking birdhead motifs and dense block of tendrils and wheels with cross-shaped finials. 645 grams, 28.5cm (11¼"). Fine condition. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,250 - 3,370 USD 2,730 - 4,100 Provenance Ex central London gallery; formerly in a UK private collection since 197; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10483-170685. Literature See a practically identical specimen in the Walters Art Museum, Ethiopian Gallery, accession number 54.2942; for discussion see Di Salvo, M., Le croci Etiopi, Milano, 1976. Footnotes The body of this cross is made of a pattern of interlocking circles. The incised lines at the intersection of vertical and horizontal elements create thirteen small crosses out of the interlaced design of the body. Three larger crosses spring forth at the top and terminal ends of the cross, defining the cruciform shape of the entire artefact. The complicated interlace design is visible in Ethiopian manuscript illumination associated with the Stephanite order at the end of the 15th century AD.

530

531

ETHIOPIAN MEDIEVAL PENDANT CROSS 14th-15th century AD A bronze pendant comprising a cross within a lozenge border with pierced lugs to the angles, integral loop. 13.2 grams, 56mm (2¼"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,120 - 1,570 USD 1,370 - 1,910 Provenance Ex central London gallery; formerly in a New York, USA, private collection. Literature See Abbink, J., 'The cross in Ethiopian Christianity' in Bongmba, L.K., The Routledge Companion to Christianity in Africa, 2015, New York & London, pp.122-140. Footnotes Among the various crosses in use, particular importance is held by the pendant cross, worn visibly above the clothing and made of brass, silver or iron. There are very few old pendant crosses preserved, one of the reasons being the custom to bury them with their owners upon their death. It is believed that three copper crosses in the collection of the Institute of Ethiopian Studies in Addis Ababa (inv. nr. 6722, 4872, 5182) dating to the 14th or 15th century AD are among the oldest surviving examples. Two very fine 15th century examples, one of copper, one of gilded silver, are kept in the monastic church of Wuqén in the province of Tembén.

531

532

ETHIOPIAN BIFACIAL ICON WITH ST GEORGE 18th century AD A bifacial icon framed by a border of consecutive triangles: the upper band with Saint George (Bet Gorgis) killing the dragon with a crossstaff spear (stravros,) the saint dressed in heavily padded garments, halo around his head; beneath the saint, in the lower band, the princess saved from the dragon (Birutawit); on the small frame over the upper band the lion-cherubim, symbol of Saint Mark; on the other the facing Virgin Mary (the Mother of God) flanked by the angels Michael and Gabriel, another lion-cherubim in the upper register; the icon is decorated with geometric motifs. 275 grams, 13cm (5"). Fine condition. £800 - 1,000 EUR 900 - 1,120 USD 1,090 - 1,370 Provenance Property of an Austrian private collector since the 1970s. Literature See Chojnacki, S., 'Notes on Art in Ethiopia in the 16th Century: an Enquiry into the Unknown Author(s)' in: Journal of Ethiopian Studies, vol. 9, no. 2 (July 1971), pp.21-97.

532

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

225


Ethnographic & Natural History Also see lots 2517 - 6470

226

Lots 533 - 560 For charges payable in addition to the ďŹ nal hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


533

533

OLMEC ROCK CRYSTAL JAGUAR GOD FUNERARY MASK Pre-Classical Period, 12th-2nd century BC A rock crystal mask with a human face with feline features emerging from the mouth of a jaguar, the teeth and fangs of the jaguar framing the human face. 2.89 kg, 21cm (8¼"). Very fine condition, right ear repaired. £10,000 - 14,000 EUR 11,230 - 15,720 USD 13,670 - 19,140 Provenance Property of an Italian collector living in Torino; part of her family's collection since 1965; by descent from her grandmother in 1993; accompanied by a copy of the Italian export permit and a signed academic report by Emilio J. Bejarano Erosa (Director of the Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia, Mexico, 1968-1982); also accompanied by a scholarly note TL5352 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10282168430. Literature See Instituto Geologico de Mxico, Catalogo Geográfico de las especies minerales de Mxico, Boletin 41, Mxico, 1923; Westheim, P., The sculpture

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

of Ancient Mexico, New York, 1963; Westheim, P., El Arte antiguo de Mexico, Mexico, 1970; Gribay Kintana A.M., Teogonía e Historia de los Mexicanos, Sepan Cuantos, Mexico, 1965; Palacios, M. L., La cultura Olmeca, Istituto Indigenista Interamericano, Mexico, 1965; Mirambell, L.E., Tecnicas Lapidarias Prehispanica, Mxico, 1968; Wise, T., The Conquistadores, London, 1980; Ward, F., Jade Gem, EUA, 1996; Ridinger, M.L., ‘El Jade’ in Arqueologia Mexicana vol. V, No 27 Septiembre-Octubre, pp.52-59, Mxico, 1997; Guilhem, O., ‘Los Animales en el mundo prehispanico’ in Arqueologia Mexicana vol.VI n.35, Enero-Febrero,, pp.4-15, Mexico, 1999; Mirambell, L.E., ‘Materiales Arqueologicos y material prima’, in Serie Arqueologia INAH, Mxico, 2005; Langenscheidt, A., ‘Los Abrasivos en Mesoamrica’, in Arqueologia Mexicana vol. XIV, No 80 Julio-Agosto, Mxico, 2006, pp.55-60. Footnotes The absence of fastening holes suggests that the item here originally functioned as a funerary mask, depicting the jaguar god, the most important deity of the Olmec world. The face is typically Olmec from the pre-classical period. The headdress is formed as the upper-half of the jaguar's face, a distinctive custom of this culture. Although rock crystal is not very common in Olmec culture, other instances of its use have been unearthed during archaeological investigations. Just as the use of jade was rare, restricted to offerings made in association with high-ranking dignitaries, rock crystal was also highly valued for its beauty and the technical skill it took to work the material.

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534

535

534

535

OLMEC JADEITE CROUCHING JAGUAR

MEXICAN JADEITE SEATED JAGUAR WITH OFFERING BOWL

Pre-Classical Period, 12th-2nd century BC

Post-Classical Period, 13th-16th century AD

A carved statuette in very hard, black and brown jade stone, representing a crouched jaguar with open jaws, head turned to the left, mouth wide open and fangs visible; the feline shows rounded ears, open eyes, raised pupils, open jaws that flaunt the fangs and teeth, fangs defined with the sgraffito technique; the tail curled. 2.1 kg, 20cm (7¾"). Very fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470

A zoomorphic figure in green jade representing a jaguar in a resting position, supported by both its forequarters and hindquarters in simple flexion, open jaws showing fangs and teeth, a striated band of decoration up to the eyes surrounding the jaws that enlarges the jaguar's face; round ears, head slightly tilted to the left. 6.6 kg, 24cm (9½"). Very fine condition. £15,000 - 20,000 EUR 16,840 - 22,460 USD 20,510 - 27,340

Provenance Property of an Italian collector living in Torino; part of her family's collection since 1965; by descent from her grandmother in 1993; accompanied by a copy of the Italian export permit and a signed academic report by Emilio J. Bejarano Erosa (Director of the Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia, Mexico, 1968-1982); also accompanied by scholarly note TL5341 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10279168426.

Provenance Property of an Italian collector living in Torino; part of her family's collection since 1965; by descent from her grandmother in 1993; accompanied by a copy of the Italian export permit and a signed academic report by Emilio J. Bejarano Erosa (Director of the Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia, Mexico, 1968-1982); and an ten page scientific report from Ciram SAS, Bordeaux, France; also accompanied by a scholarly note TL5339 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10280168427.

Literature See Instituto Geologico de Mxico, Catalogo Geográfico de las especies minerales de Mxico, Boletin 41, Mxico, 1923; Mirambell, L.E., Tecnicas Lapidarias Prehispanica, Mxico, 1968; Ward, F., Jade Gem, Boock Publishers, EUA, 1996; Ridinger, M.L., ‘El Jade’ in Arqueologia Mexicana vol. V, No 27 Septiembre-Octubre, pp.52-59, Mxico, 1997; Mirambell, L.E., Materiales Arqueologicos y material prima’, in Serie Arqueologia INAH, Mxico, 2005; Langenscheidt, A., ‘Los Abrasivos en Mesoamrica’, Arqueologia Mexicana vol. XIV, no.80 Julio-Agosto, Mxico, 2006, pp.55-60. Footnotes The jaguar was the archetypal predator in Meso-America. The figure offered here was originally intended as a visual representation of the Olmec myth concerning the interaction of the jaguar spirit with the human one. The myth held that a jaguar copulated with a human female, who eventually gave birth to jaguar men, often represented as young children or adult males. In Mayan mythology the Bacabobs were believed to be jaguar gods, who supported the sky. The statuette here was probably made to give strength to the deceased through the jaguar.

228

Literature See Instituto Geologico de Mxico, Catalogo Geográfico de las especies minerales de Mxico, Boletin 41, Mxico, 1923; Mirambell, L.E., Tecnicas Lapidarias Prehispanica, Mxico, 1968; Ward, F., Jade Gem, Boock Publishers, EUA, 1996; Ridinger, M.L., ‘El Jade’ in Arqueologia Mexicana vol. V, No 27 Septiembre-Octubre, pp. 52-59, Mxico, 1997; Mirambell, L.E., Materiales Arqueologicos y material prima’, in Serie Arqueologia INAH, Mxico, 2005; Langenscheidt, A., ‘Los Abrasivos en Mesoamrica’, Arqueologia Mexicana vol. XIV, No 80 Julio-Agosto, Mxico, 2006, pp.55-60. Footnotes A cuauhxicalli container was the repository of the heart of an individual sacrificed during religious ceremonies. Any eagles that took these bloody offerings were identified as messengers of the gods, sent to carry the offerings to the place of residence of the gods.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


536

537

536

537

AZTEC JADEITE SEATED FIGURE WITH OFFERING BOWLS

MAYAN JADE SEATED JAGUAR WARRIOR FIGURE

10th-early 16th century AD

3rd-9th century AD

A jade statue of a seated male figure, legs crossed, arms bent, hands placed in an advanced position, each offering a cup; bracelets on the upper arms; ceremonial headdress, round lobed earrings, the body covered only by a fringed loincloth, or ehuatl. 5.8 kg, 30cm (11¾"). Very fine condition. £12,000 - 17,000 EUR 13,470 - 19,090 USD 16,410 - 23,240

A jade statue of a male leader seated cross-legged, wearing an elaborate ceremonial headdress, stylised beak, feathers and band decorated with engraving on the back; the top of the forehead framed by the hair, rendered in incision, longer at the temples; the eyes oval, the nose broad, the mouth with thick lips, large disc-shaped earrings in the lobes; naked torso and loincloth decorated with incisions, the bent right arm holding a jaguar head with its jaws wide open, the left arm is placed close to the body and the hand resting on the knee. 4.1 kg, 27.5cm (10¾"). Very fine condition. £6,000 - 8,000 EUR 6,740 - 8,980 USD 8,200 - 10,940

Provenance Property of an Italian collector living in Torino; part of her family's collection since 1965; by descent from her grandmother in 1993; accompanied by a copy of the Italian export permit and a signed academic report by Emilio J. Bejarano Erosa (Director of the Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia, Mexico, 1968-1982); also accompanied by scholarly note TL5340 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10287168435. Literature See Instituto Geologico de Mxico, Catalogo Geográfico de las especies minerales de Mxico, Boletin 41, Mxico, 1923; Mirambell, L.E., Tecnicas Lapidarias Prehispanica, Mxico, 1968; Pohl, J. Aztec, Mixtec and Zapotec Armies, London,1991; Mirambell, L.E., Materiales Arqueologicos y material prima’, in Serie Arqueologia INAH, Mxico, 2005; Langenscheidt, A., ‘Los Abrasivos en Mesoamrica’, Arqueologia Mexicana vol. XIV, No 80 JulioAgosto, Mxico, 2006, pp.55-60. Footnotes The Aztecs capital city, Tenochtitlán, established in the 14th century, was located on the present-day site of Mexico City.

Provenance Property of an Italian collector living in Torino; part of her family's collection since 1965; by descent from her grandmother in 1993; accompanied by a copy of the Italian export permit and a signed academic report by Emilio J. Bejarano Erosa (Director of the Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia, Mexico, 1968-1982); also accompanied by a scholarly note TL5343 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10276168423. Literature See Instituto Geologico de Mxico, Catalogo Geográfico de las especies minerales de Mxico, Boletin 41, Mxico, 1923; Mirambell, L.E., Tecnicas Lapidarias Prehispanica, Mxico, 1968; Ward, F., Jade Gem, EUA, 1996; Ridinger, M.L., ‘El Jade’ in Arqueologia Mexicana vol. V, No 27 SeptiembreOctubre, pp. 52-59, Mxico, 1997; Mirambell, L.E., Materiales Arqueologicos y material prima’, in Serie Arqueologia INAH, Mxico, 2005; Langenscheidt, A., ‘Los Abrasivos en Mesoamrica’, Arqueologia Mexicana vol. XIV, No 80 Julio-Agosto, Mxico, 2006, pp.55-60. Footnotes The figure represented here in jade is that of a male individual in the military hierarchy. Representations of individuals wearing animal headdresses refer to the military orders that existed in Meso-America before the Spanish conquest. The object is a product of the warlike period of Mayan civilization during which warfare was a way of life, social affirmation and survival.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

229


538

538

539

OLMEC JADEITE SEATED FIGURE WITH OFFERING BOWL

OLMEC JADEITE SEATED FIGURE

Pre-Classical Period, 12th-2nd century BC

Pre-Classical Period, 12th-2nd century BC

A substantial nude male figure in jade, sitting with crossed legs and cylindrical vase upon his knees, held by both hands; head bald and elongated, pierced ears, engraved eyes, wide nose and narrow mouth. 3.8 kg, 22cm (8½"). Very fine condition, rim of bowl repaired. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,490 - 6,740 USD 5,470 - 8,200

An anthropomorphic carved jade statuette of a semi-seated nude character with right leg in front, the left knee resting on the ground, head with deformed and elongated skull without hair, with stylised physiognomic features: large eyes, nose and mouth, ears in the shape of a narrow and elongated rectangle with a hole through, hands resting on the lap, at the top of the forehead is a band with engraved decoration. 654 grams, 16cm (6¼"). Very fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470

Provenance Property of an Italian collector living in Torino; part of her family's collection since 1965; by descent from her grandmother in 1993; accompanied by a copy of the Italian export permit and a signed academic report by Emilio J. Bejarano Erosa (Director of the Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia, Mexico, 1968-1982); also accompanied by a scholarly note TL5338 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no. 10342168428. Literature See Instituto Geologico de Mxico, Catalogo Geográfico de las especies minerales de Mxico, Boletin 41, Mxico, 1923; Mirambell, L.E.,Tecnicas Lapidarias Prehispanica, Mxico, 1968; Ward, F., Jade Gem, EUA, 1996; Ridinger, M.L., ‘El Jade’ in Arqueologia Mexicana vol. V, No 27 SeptiembreOctubre, pp.52-59, Mxico, 1997; Mirambell, L.E., Materiales Arqueologicos y material prima’, in Serie Arqueologia INAH, Mxico, 2005; Langenscheidt, A., ‘Los Abrasivos en Mesoamrica’, Arqueologia Mexicana vol. XIV, No 80 Julio-Agosto, Mxico, 2006, pp.55-60. Footnotes The figure presents Olmec somatic and stylistic forms, with its flat nostrils, enlarged lips, skull which is narrow in the frontal region, elongated and directed upwards, suggesting an intentional cranial deformation. The figure represents an offering made for an important figure, intended as a companion on their journey through the underworld after death. This form of funerary offering was typical among high-ranking burials. The technique of artificially enlarging the skulls of children to achieve an oval shape in maturity was a typical custom of the upper classes in Meso-America.

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539

Provenance Property of an Italian collector living in Torino; part of her family's collection since 1965; by descent from her grandmother in 1993; accompanied by a copy of the Italian export permit and a signed academic report by Emilio J. Bejarano Erosa (Director of the Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia, Mexico, 1968-1982); also accompanied by a scholarly note TL5346 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10277168424. Literature See Instituto Geologico de Mxico, Catalogo Geográfico de las especies minerales de Mxico, Boletin 41, Mxico, 1923; Mirambell, L.E.,Tecnicas Lapidarias Prehispanica, Mxico, 1968; Ward, F., Jade Gem, Boock Publishers, EUA, 1996; Ridinger, M.L., ‘El Jade’ in Arqueologia Mexicana vol. V, No 27 Septiembre-Octubre, pp. 52-59, Mxico, 1997; Mirambell, L.E., Materiales Arqueologicos y material prima’, in Serie Arqueologia INAH, Mxico, 2005; Langenscheidt, A.,‘Los Abrasivos en Mesoamrica’, Arqueologia Mexicana vol. XIV, No 80 Julio-Agosto, Mxico, 2006, pp.55-60. Footnotes These small anthropomorphic figures, with faces that present the typical Olmec cranial deformation and feline features such as the lips with the corners down, are representations of the humanization of the god Tiger. They have been found associated with burials and in the Zona Arqueologica de la Venta a burial was found keeping an offering of fifteen anthropomorphic figurines in an upright position and six plates of the same size of jadeite, of different shades.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


540

541

540

541

OLMEC AMETHYST FIGURE OF A CONTORTIONIST OR ACROBAT

OLMEC JADEITE KNEELING FIGURE WITH BOWL

Pre-Classical Period, 12th-2nd century BC

Pre-Classical Period, 12th-2nd century BC

An amethyst figure modelled as a nude male contortionist or acrobat, supported by his forearms which rest on the ground, his body in a vertical position, knees bent, feet touching the head. 752 grams, 14cm (5½"). Very fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470

A nude male figure, kneeling in ritualistic reverence; holding an offering bowl and wearing bracelets on his forearms. 1.2 kg, 19cm (7½"). Very fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470

Provenance Property of an Italian collector living in Torino; part of her family's collection since 1965; by descent from her grandmother in 1993; accompanied by a copy of the Italian export permit and a signed academic report by Emilio J. Bejarano Erosa (Director of the Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia, Mexico, 1968-1982); also accompanied by a scholarly note TL5345 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10284168432. Literature See Instituto Geologico de Mxico, Catalogo Geográfico de las especies minerales de Mxico, Boletin 41, Mxico, 1923; Mirambell, L.E.,Tecnicas Lapidarias Prehispanica, Mxico, 1968; Ward, F., Jade Gem, Boock Publishers, EUA, 1996; Ridinger, M.L., ‘El Jade’ in Arqueologia Mexicana vol. V, No 27 Septiembre-Octubre, pp. 52-59, Mxico, 1997; Mirambell, L.E., Materiales Arqueologicos y material prima’, in Serie Arqueologia INAH, Mxico, 2005; Langenscheidt, A., ‘Los Abrasivos en Mesoamrica’, Arqueologia Mexicana vol. XIV, No 80 Julio-Agosto, Mxico, 2006, pp.55-60. Footnotes The figurine is a representation of a contortionist or an acrobat, with typically Olmec features. Although these figures are not abundant in Olmec culture, there are parallels to be found in Olmec stone sculptures.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

Provenance Property of an Italian collector living in Torino; part of her family's collection since 1965; by descent from her grandmother in 1993; accompanied by a copy of the Italian export permit and a signed academic report by Emilio J. Bejarano Erosa (Director of the Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia, Mexico, 1968-1982); also accompanied by a scholarly note TL5344 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10281168429. Literature See Instituto Geologico de Mxico, Catalogo Geográfico de las especies minerales de Mxico, Boletin 41, Mxico,1923; Westheim, P., The sculpture of Ancient Mexico, New York, 1963; Westheim, P., El Arte antiguo de Mexico, Mexico, 1970; Gribay Kintana A.M., Teogonía e Historia de los Mexicanos, Sepan Cuantos, Mexico, 1965; Palacios, M. L., La cultura Olmeca, Istituto Indigenista Interamericano, Mexico,1965; Mirambell, L.E.,Tecnicas Lapidarias Prehispanica, Mxico, 1968; Wise, T., The Conquistadores, London, 1980; Ward, F., Jade Gem, Boock Publishers, EUA, 1996; Ridinger, M.L., ‘El Jade’ in Arqueologia Mexicana vol. V, No 27 Septiembre-Octubre, , pp. 52-59, Mxico, 1997; Guilhem, O., ‘Los Animales en el mundo prehispanico’ in Arqueologia Mexicana vol.VI n.35, Enero-Febrero, pp.4-15, Mexico,1999; Mirambell, L.E., ‘Materiales Arqueologicos y material prima’, in Serie Arqueologia INAH, Mxico, 2005; Langenscheidt, A.,‘Los Abrasivos en Mesoamrica’, in Arqueologia Mexicana vol. XIV, No 80 Julio-Agosto, Mxico, 2006, pp.55-60.

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542

542

543

OLMEC JADEITE KNEELING FIGURE

OLMEC JADEITE FIGURE OF A CONTORTIONIST OR ACROBAT

Pre-Classical Period, 12th-2nd century BC

Pre-Classical Period, 12th-2nd century BC

A jade statuette of a kneeling naked male figure with an unnaturally elongated bald head, around his forehead he wears a sash used to carry a pumpkin on his back. 731 grams, 14.5cm (5¾"). Very fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470

A jade figure modelled as a contortionist or acrobat, with forearms resting on the ground, vertical body and knees bent so that the feet rest on a cylindrical object placed on the head. 455 grams, 12.5cm (5"). Very fine condition. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,250 - 3,370 USD 2,730 - 4,100

Provenance Property of an Italian collector living in Torino; part of her family's collection since 1965; by descent from her grandmother in 1993; accompanied by a copy of the Italian export permit and a signed academic report by Emilio J. Bejarano Erosa (Director of the Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia, Mexico, 1968-1982); also accompanied by a scholarly note TL5342 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10284168433.

Provenance Property of an Italian collector living in Torino; part of her family's collection since 1965; by descent from her grandmother in 1993; accompanied by a copy of the Italian export permit and a signed academic report by Emilio J. Bejarano Erosa (Director of the Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia, Mexico, 1968-1982); also accompanied by a scholarly note TL5351 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10283168431.

Literature See Instituto Geologico de Mxico, Catalogo Geográfico de las especies minerales de Mxico, Boletin 41, Mxico, 1923; Mirambell, L.E., Tecnicas Lapidarias Prehispanica, Mxico, 1968; Wise, T., The Conquistadores, London, 1980; Ward, F., Jade Gem, Boock Publishers, EUA, 1996; Ridinger, M.L., ‘El Jade’ in Arqueologia Mexicana vol. V, No 27 Septiembre-Octubre, pp.52-59, Mxico, 1997; Mirambell, L.E., Materiales Arqueologicos y material prima’, in Serie Arqueologia INAH, Mxico, 2005; Langenscheidt, A., ‘Los Abrasivos en Mesoamrica’, Arqueologia Mexicana vol. XIV, No 80 Julio-Agosto, Mxico, 2006, pp.55-60.

Literature See Instituto Geologico de Mxico, Catalogo Geográfico de las especies minerales de Mxico, Boletin 41, Mxico, 1923; Westheim, P., The sculpture of Ancient Mexico, New York, 1963; Westheim, P., El Arte antiguo de Mexico, Mexico, 1970; Gribay Kintana A.M., Teogonía e Historia de los Mexicanos, Sepan Cuantos, Mexico, 1965; Palacios, M. L., La cultura Olmeca, Istituto Indigenista Interamericano, Mexico, 1965; Mirambell, L.E.,Tecnicas Lapidarias Prehispanica, Mxico, 1968; Wise, T., The Conquistadores, London, 1980; Ward, F., Jade Gem, EUA, 1996; Ridinger, M.L., ‘El Jade’ in Arqueologia Mexicana vol. V, No 27 Septiembre-Octubre, pp. 52-59, Mxico, 1997; Guilhem, O., ‘Los Animales en el mundo prehispanico’ in Arqueologia Mexicana vol.VI n.35, Enero-Febrero, pp.4-15, Mexico, 1999; Mirambell, L.E., ‘Materiales Arqueologicos y material prima’, in Serie Arqueologia INAH, Mxico, 2005; Langenscheidt, A.,‘Los Abrasivos en Mesoamrica’, in Arqueologia Mexicana vol. XIV, No 80 Julio-Agosto, Mxico, 2006, pp.55-60.

Footnotes Made with jade 'bark', which produces various shades of green. These small anthropomorphic figures are representations of the Olmec jaguar god. Several examples have been found as burial deposits in the Venta, where one tomb contained an offering of fifteen anthropomorphic figures in an upright position, and six jade plaques of different shades.

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Footnotes The figurine is a representation of a contortionist or an acrobat, with typically Olmec features. Although these figures are not abundant in Olmec culture, there are parallels to be found in Olmec stone sculptures.

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


545

544

544

MAYAN AMETHYST HEAD WITH CONDOR COWL Post-Classical Period, 8th-12th century AD A warrior's head in amethyst with a bird of prey headdress (condor), the bird of prey characterised by a pupil rendered with an engraved dot, the beak curved in the upper part, the plumage engraved on the eyes and in the upper part; a human face with elongated eyes to the inside, a slightly curved nose, a mouth with parted lips and a protruding upper lip, large discoidal earrings. 889 grams, 15.5cm (6"). Very fine condition. £2,000 - 3,000 EUR 2,250 - 3,370 USD 2,730 - 4,100 Provenance Property of an Italian collector living in Torino; part of her family's collection since 1965; by descent from her grandmother in 1993; accompanied by a copy of the Italian export permit and a signed academic opinion by Emilio J. Bejarano Erosa (Director of the Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia, Mexico, 1968-1982); also accompanied by a scholarly note by Dr Ronald Bonewitz; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10274168422. Literature See Instituto Geologico de Mxico, Catalogo Geográfico de las especies minerales de Mxico, Boletin 41, Mxico, 1923; Mirambell, L.E., Tecnicas Lapidarias Prehispanica, Mxico, 1968; Wise, T., The Conquistadores, London, 1980; Ward, F., Jade Gem, Boock Publishers, EUA, 1996; Ridinger, M.L., ‘El Jade’ in Arqueologia Mexicana vol. V, No 27 Septiembre-Octubre, pp.52-59, Mxico, 1997; Mirambell, L.E., Materiales Arqueologicos y material prima’, in Serie Arqueologia INAH, Mxico, 2005; Langenscheidt, A., ‘Los Abrasivos en Mesoamrica’, Arqueologia Mexicana vol. XIV, no.80 Julio-Agosto, Mxico, 2006, pp.55-60.

545

AZTEC ROCK CRYSTAL SKULL 10th-early 16th century AD

546

Provenance Property of an Italian collector living in Torino; part of her family's collection since 1965; by descent from her grandmother in 1993; accompanied by a copy of the Italian export permit and a signed academic report by Emilio J. Bejarano Erosa (Director of the Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia, Mexico, 1968-1982); also accompanied by scholarly note TL5347 by Dr Ronald Bonewitz; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10286168434. Literature See Instituto Geologico de Mxico, Catalogo Geográfico de las especies minerales de Mxico, Boletin 41, Mxico, 1923; Mirambell, L.E., Tecnicas Lapidarias Prehispanica, Mxico, 1968; Pohl, J. Aztec, Mixtec and Zapotec Armies, London, 1991; Mirambell, L.E., Materiales Arqueologicos y material prima’, in Serie Arqueologia INAH, Mxico, 2005; Langenscheidt, A., ‘Los Abrasivos en Mesoamrica’, Arqueologia Mexicana vol. XIV, No 80 JulioAgosto, Mxico, 2006, pp.55-60.

546

ZAPOTEC JADEITE JAGUAR DAGGER Classical Period, 10th-11th century AD A jade dagger with the handle shaped as the stylised head of a jaguar, jaws open wide, the blade decorated with four short lines engraved in a V-shape, perhaps representing the body of a jaguar with the characteristics of a feathered snake; a sgraffito collar divides the head from the body. 173 grams, 17cm (6¾"). Very fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,120 - 1,570 USD 1,370 - 1,910 Provenance Property of an Italian collector living in Torino; part of her family's collection since 1965; by descent from her grandmother in 1993; accompanied by a copy of the Italian export permit and a signed academic report by Emilio J. Bejarano Erosa (Director of the Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia, Mexico, 1968-1982); also accompanied by a scholarly note by Dr Ronald Bonewitz; this lot has been checked against the Interpol Database of stolen works of art and is accompanied by AIAD certificate number no.10278168425.

A stylised human skull carved from rock crystal. 920 grams, 12.5cm (5"). Very fine condition. £3,000 - 4,000 EUR 3,370 - 4,490 USD 4,100 - 5,470 For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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547

547

LAMBAYEQUE GILT FUNERARY MASK Sican Culture, 750-1350 AD A life-size repoussé gilt copper-alloy funerary mask for a noble or priest with red cinnabar pigment, the face with boldly detailed eyes, nose and mouth. 110 grams, 26cm (10¼"). Fine condition. £5,000 - 7,000 EUR 5,610 - 7,860 USD 6,840 - 9,570 Provenance From the private collection of Mr Michael J. Vaupel, Miami, USA; acquired from Gloria Lisset Reyes Garcia, Florida, USA; ex private American collection, circa 1960s; previously in the collection of Mr Razeto; acquired in the 1950s-1960s; formerly acquired before 1950. Footnotes The Sican people occupied the Lambayeque valley region of northern Peru; their funerary rituals included fixing masks to mummies.

548

INCA ALPACA CONOPA VESSEL 1470-1532 AD A ritual offering conopa vessel formed as an alpaca; hand-carved from a fine-grained black stone and polished with sand and water, with a hole in its back called a 'qocha' (lagoon). 304 grams, 10.7cm (4¼"). Fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 670 - 900 USD 820 - 1,090 Provenance Property of a Brussels gallery since 2006; previously with Arcadia, Amiens, France. Footnotes This container was created for use in the 'haywarisqa' (ceremony of offerings) in which alpaca fat and blood mixed with coca leaves were presented to the gods.

548

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


549

CHAVIN CARVED STONE VESSEL WITH FIGURES 9th-3rd century BC A carved and polished stone cylindrical vessel with flat rim, featuring zoomorphic and anthropomorphic figures and geometric motifs around the body; the interior is deep with a curved base. 405 grams, 10.2cm (4"). Very fine condition. £4,000 - 6,000 EUR 4,490 - 6,740 USD 5,470 - 8,200

549

Provenance Property of a Brussels gallery; acquired on the European art market. Literature See Sotheby's, Pre-Columbian Art, New York, 17 May 1994, lots 327-329, for vessels of a similar form displaying a similar style of carving; see Howard, S., Rose Gallery, Inc., Arte Primitivo, auction 47, 9 June 2008, lots 227 and 243, for vessels of a similar form displaying a similar style of carving.

550

CHAVIN CEREMONIAL CUP 9th-2nd century BC A carved red-brown stone cylindrical vessel with traces of red cinnabar pigment, with an interlocking mythical zoomorphic and anthropomorphic geometric design. 214 grams, 76mm (3"). Very fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 670 - 900 USD 820 - 1,090

550

Provenance From a European collection, 1970s-1980s; previously in the collection of R. Ferrero, Switzerland, acquired prior to 1965; formerly in a private French collection, formed in the 1950s.

551

CHAVIN CEREMONIAL CUP 9th-2nd century BC A carved light brown stone cylindrical vessel with interlocking mythical zoomorphic and anthropomorphic geometric design. 147 grams, 66mm (2½"). Very fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 560 - 790 USD 680 - 960 Provenance From a European collection, 1970s-1980s; previously in the collection of R. Ferrero, Switzerland, acquired prior to 1965; formerly in a private French collection, formed in the 1950s.

552

LARGE FREEFORM GOGOTTE DISPLAY

551

A substantial naturally formed limestone(?) gogotte in creamy white with splashes of red; mounted on a custom-made stand. 5.6 kg total, 29.5cm including stand (11½"). Very fine condition. £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,120 - 1,570 USD 1,370 - 1,910 Provenance Property of a Brussels gallery; acquired on the European art market. Footnotes Gogottes were displayed at the chateau of Fontainebleau, France, collected by King Louis XIV (1638 -1715). They were used to decorate the formal gardens of the royal residence at Versailles, especially l’Encelade, Les Trois Fontaines and La Salle de Bal. Elsewhere, they were treasured in Song Dynasty China (960-1127 AD). In the 20th century, natural forms inspired the sculptor Henry Moore and others.

552

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

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553

554

553

PARAIBA TOURMALINE CRYSTAL A columnar paraiba tourmaline crystal in dark green. 2.76 grams, 17mm (½"). Very fine condition. [No Reserve] £1,000 - 1,400 EUR 1,120 - 1,570 USD 1,370 - 1,910 Provenance Property of a West Sussex gentleman; acquired on the UK natural history market; from Brazil.

554

LARGE CHALCEDONY 'ALIEN' MINERALOGY A substantial spherical mineral cluster comprising white chalcedony and plates of purple-brown chalcedony. 5.2 kg, 18cm (7"). Very fine condition. £600 - 800 EUR 670 - 900 USD 820 - 1,090 Provenance Property of a Brussels gallery; acquired on the European art market. Footnotes Dr Bonewitz notes: 'This specimen appears to be a unique, one-off. I have never, in my 65 years of working with mineral specimens, seen anything like it.'

555

MASSIVE KNIGHTIA FOSSIL FISH MORTALITY PLATE 555

Eocene Period, 58-36 million years BP A very large mortality plate with a shoal of fossil Knightia alta fish; mounted on a wooden backing board. 15.3 kg, 94cm (37"). Fine condition. [No Reserve] £600 - 800 EUR 670 - 900 USD 820 - 1,090 Provenance From a Cambridgeshire collection. Footnotes Seasonally some 58 million years ago, in the Green River region of Wyoming, torrential rains would occur in the mountains. The rain would flow down the mountain sides and then wide shallow lakes would form in the valley below. When the dry season would occur, these lakes would dry up due to evaporation (similar to certain parts of Africa today). Millions of fish would die in this short period of time. This climatic cycle happened over a 20,000 year period. Layer upon layer of mud was deposited over these years entombing all these fish. At a much later date volcanic activity uplifted this area to expose all those layers of fossil fish.

556

VERY LARGE GEODITIC AMETHYST CRYSTAL SLAB A large geoditic slab with amethyst crystals to the exposed inner face. 46 kg, 90cm (35½"). Very fine condition. £500 - 700 EUR 560 - 790 USD 680 - 960 Provenance From the former stock of Gregory, Bottley & Lloyd (established 1858); recently reviewed by Dr. Ronald Bonewitz.

556

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For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's


557

DISCOSAURISCUS FOSSIL AMPHIBIAN Lower Permian Period, 260 million years BP A fossilised amphibian Discosauriscus (Letoveterpeton) austriacus in a matrix; supplied in a wooden display frame. 3.1 kg total, 39 x 34cm (15¼ x 13¼"). Very fine condition. £400 - 600 EUR 450 - 670 USD 550 - 820 Provenance From an old Lincolnshire collection; acquired during 1980s; from Bacov Horizon, Boscovic Furrow, Bacov u Boscovic, Moravia, Czech Republic.

557

558

LARGE MULTIPLE KNIGHTIA FOSSIL FISH PLATE Eocene Period, 58-36 million years BP A large rectangular limestone matrix containing two large Knightia alta fish with a smaller one and partial remains of a fourth one. 11.8 kg, 61cm (24"). Very fine condition. [No Reserve] £400 - 600 EUR 450 - 670 USD 550 - 820 Provenance From a Cambridgeshire collection. Footnotes Seasonally some 58 million years ago, in the Green River region of Wyoming, torrential rains would occur in the mountains. The rain would flow down the mountain sides and then wide shallow lakes would form in the valley below. When the dry season would occur, these lakes would dry up due to evaporation (similar to certain parts of Africa today). Millions of fish would die in this short period of time. This climatic cycle happened over a 20-thousandyear period. Layer upon layer of mud was deposited over these years entombing all these fish. At a much later date volcanic activity uplifted this area to expose all those layers of fossil fish.

558

559

PTEROSAUR FOSSIL REMAINS Maastrichtian Stage, Upper Cretaceous Period, 72.1-66 million years BP A matrix displaying partial remains of a pterosaur, including jaw bones, vertebra, leg and other bones. 1.2 kg, 26cm (10¼"). Very fine condition. £300 - 400 EUR 340 - 450 USD 410 - 550 Provenance From an old German paleontological collection; from North Africa.

560

JEHOLOSAURUS BIPED DINOSAUR Lower Cretaceous Period, 126 million years BP A fossilised Jeholosaurus shangyuanensis dinosaur, the skeleton having been been fully prepared and then mounted in an alert walking pose, the wire support frame affixed to a base for display. 1.7 kg total including base, 63cm long (24¾"). Very fine condition, minor restoration. A rare museum-quality exhibit. £300 - 400 EUR 340 - 450 USD 410 - 550

559

Provenance Property of a North London collector; formerly with Brian Lloyd of Gregory, Bottley & Lloyd, Walmer, Kent, UK; acquired from a post graduate student as a study collection of unmounted bones in 2001, and subsequently prepared and mounted; accompanied by a copy of the official Chinese provincial government export permit. Literature See Xu, Wang and You, A Primitive Ornithopod from the Early Cretaceous Yixian Formation of Liaoning, Vertebrata PalAsiatica 38(4), 2000, pp.318-325. Footnotes This juvenile Jeholosaurus dinosaur (lizard from Jehol) was either herbivorous or omniverous. The first known example was identified in 2000 at Lujiatun, near Beipiao City in China, being found in the Yixian Formation dating to about 126 million years BP, the early Aptian Cretaceous Period.

560

For charges payable in addition to the final hammer price of each Lot see paragraphs 19 & 26 of buyer's T&C's

237


Terms & Conditions

Bidder/Buyer Terms and Conditions 1. Interpretations and Definitions: the following terms generally apply within these Terms and Conditions; other terms are defined within specific sections following: Auctioneer – the firm TimeLine Auctions Ltd (“TimeLine” hereafter) or its authorised auctioneer, acting as Agent for the Seller. TimeLine is a company registered in England and Wales (company no: 06873501) with registered office at 40 Kilmarnock Drive, Luton, LU2 7YP, UK. The website and telephone number are https://timelineauctions.com and ++44 (0) 1277 815121. Agent – a person or body acting on behalf of another. ALR – Art Loss Register - All lots with an upper estimate value of £1,000 and above and all ancient Western Asiatic lots are searched against the Art Loss Register database. Auction – a sale event whether taking place live in real-time or of extended duration (Timed Auction). Bid – a sum offered by a Bidder to purchase the Lot. Bidder – the person offering a Bid. Buyer – the Bidder who the Lot is Knocked Down to. Buyer’s Premium – the percentage of the Hammer Price payable by the Buyer to TimeLine in accordance with clause 19. CITES - Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species. Data Protection Legislation –all applicable data protection and privacy legislation in force from time to time in the UK including the General Data Protection Regulation ((EU) 2016/679) (83) (GDPR); the Data Protection Act 2018; the Privacy and Electronic Communications Directive 2002/58/EC (as updated by Directive 2009/136/EC) and the Privacy and Electronic Communications Regulations 2003 (SI 2003/2426) as amended, and any and all applicable national data protection laws made under or pursuant to the GDPR, as may be amended or superseded from time to time. Date of Sale – the date on which the Auctioneer Knocks Down the Lot. Group – any Lot comprising more than one item. Hammer Price – the amount of the winning bid when Knocked Down by the Auctioneer to a Bidder. Knock(ed/ing) Down – the act of the Auctioneer in bringing the Hammer down to complete the contract for the sale of the Lot to the Bidder submitting the highest bid. Lot – the goods for sale. Purchase Price – the total sum due for any Lot, including the Hammer Price, the Buyer’s Premium, any internet bidding fees, any shipping charges, taxes, duties or any other costs payable to TimeLine. Registered Bidder –a Bidder who has registered with TimeLine for the purpose of taking part in any Auction. Reserve Price – the minimum Hammer Price at which a Lot may be Knocked Down. Seller – the person offering the Lot for sale. Title – legal rights of ownership of the Lot. 2. Application: the singular includes the plural and vice versa and any reference to ‘he’, ‘she’ or ‘it’ applies to all of them. 3. Basis of Contract: a. These Terms and Conditions apply to the exclusion of any other terms that the Bidder/Buyer seeks to impose or incorporate, or which are implied by trade, custom, practice or course of dealing. b. Each Buyer is required to carefully read the Terms and Conditions before offering a bid. When a Buyer makes a bid he/she acknowledges that he/she has read, understood and accepted these terms. c. TimeLine does not act for or give advice to Bidders/Buyers. 4. Dimensions, weights and colour: all dimensions and weights (including ring sizes) are approximate and are for general guidance only; a single dimension given is normally the greatest dimension for the piece(s). Although TimeLine have made

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TimeLine Auctions

every effort to precisely display the colours and condition of a Lot, TimeLine does not guarantee that a device displays them accurately. The Lot may vary slightly from those images. 5. Condition: items are briefly described with respect to condition using various phrases to signify the overall and general condition. It should be noted that items having significant age, sometimes being very ancient, often show minor blemishes and defects and these are considered to be normal and will not be individually described. Phrases used include: Restored - may be repaired or otherwise reinstated; possibly with some areas replaced; Fair Condition - may be fragmentary or obviously damaged; Fine Condition - usually essentially complete but may have minor damage or show restoration or repair; Very Fine Condition - usually complete and in good condition; may have some minor damage, restoration or repair; and Extremely Fine Condition - complete and better than average condition, without significant repair or restoration. Bidders are encouraged to carefully examine in person any Lot(s) for which they intend or do Bid for. It is not possible to note all marks or defects and neither TimeLine or the Auctioneer make any guarantee as to the physical quality or condition of any Lot(s). 6. Dating: dates may be given in several forms, as examples below: 527 AD - an item that bears a date upon it or that can otherwise be dated with precision; 6th century AD - an item that can be dated with considerable confidence to a specific period; Circa 6th century AD - an item that can be approximately dated by comparison with other pieces; Probably 6th century AD - an item that is likely to be of this period in the light of similar pieces; Possibly 6th century AD - an item that might be of this period by comparison with items of a broadly similar character; and Undated - no date is known or suggested for the piece. 6th Century AD or later – an item is dated to a specific period but may also be a revival of style of a later date. 7. Attributions: works of art attributions may be given in several forms, as examples below: Signed – a work bearing the signature of the named artist; Attributed to – a work of the period of the artist which may be in whole or in part the work of the artist named; Circle of – a work of the period of the artist and showing his influence; Follower of – a contemporary or nearly so work executed in the style of the artist; Manner of – a work executed in the style of the artist but of a later date; and After – a copy of any date of a work of the artist. 8. Other Descriptive Matters: some other words or phrases are used descriptively, as examples below: Style - an item made in the style of an earlier age but thought to be probably of later date. Archaistic - an item made in the style of a much earlier age; Grand Tour - an item usually of some age but in the style of an earlier age; After the Antique - an item made as a reproduction, usually of quite modern date; and Faux - used descriptively when the material used is probably imitative in character. 9. Lots including Archaeological or Cultural Property: a UK export licence from the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport, is required for Lots originating

from UK soil or territory leaving the UK and for such Lots of non-UK origin when leaving the EU. TimeLine will make applications for the necessary Cultural Property Export Licence as a ‘free of charge’ service to Buyers, where the Export Licence is legally required. If a Buyer requests for TimeLine to apply for an Export Licence where this is not legally required, an additional fee of £24 (VAT inclusive) will be invoiced to the Buyer. Buyers are advised to check concerning any Regulations applicable in their country of residence regarding importation and to enquire prior to bidding. The deferment of any Export Licence shall not be reason to cancel any bid nor to delay payment. 10. Lots including materials from Endangered Species: Buyers are responsible for obtaining a CITES licence when required for the export from the UK of any item(s) made of or containing materials such as ivory, tortoiseshell, rhinoceros horn, whalebone, etc. 11. Import Licences: Buyers are responsible for checking and ensuring compliance with any regulations applicable in their country of residence regarding importation. 12. Copyright: all cataloguing text, images and other material published by TimeLine whether physically or electronically is the property of TimeLine and may not be reproduced, stored in any retrieval system or otherwise transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise without the prior written consent of TimeLine. 13. General Conduct of Auction: TimeLine shall have absolute discretion as to lots offered for sale, lots withdrawn and the conduct of any Auction. TimeLine shall have absolute discretion to refuse entry, decline bids and expel any person from the Auction whether present in person or by agent or proxy or attending by way of any electronic media or telecommunications. 14. Viewing: all Lots are available to view. All prospective Bidders are advised to view any Lot(s) prior to bidding and the Bidder must form their own opinion before bidding. Public viewing arrangements will be advised in advance of the Date of Sale and private viewing can be arranged at the TimeLine premises by appointment. 15. Lot Descriptions: all Lots are offered ‘as seen’ and ‘as is’ and are available for inspection. The Buyer is obligated to make all and any enquiries he wishes as to the accuracy and authenticity of any sale description (including Condition, Dating and Attributions, as set out in clauses 5-7).The principle of caveat emptor applies except where expressly excluded by operation of law. While materials (such as catalogues) are vetted by an external committee of experts, TimeLine do not make or give any guarantee, warranty or representation or undertake any duty of care in relation to the description, illustrations or photographs of any Lot, including condition, quality, provenance, authenticity, background, style, period, age, origin, value and estimated selling price. TimeLine undertakes no obligation to examine, investigate or carry out any tests either in sufficient depth or at all to establish the accuracy or otherwise of any description or opinions given by TimeLine whether in the catalogue or elsewhere. Lots comprising Groups are sold strictly subject to them not being returnable for any reason whatsoever; the provisions set out under clause 43 are specifically excluded in respect of such Lots. For coins that have been authenticated, graded and encapsulated ('slabbed') by an independent grading company, no guarantee of any kind is offered by TimeLine. Buyers should note that removal or attempted removal from any slab will immediately void any independent guarantee that might have been offered by that grading company. 16.

Condition Reports: All Lots are

available for inspection. TimeLine will provide a report on the physical condition of any Lot on request. Bidders should note that reports are provided as a free service to interested Bidders. Descriptions therein are not warranties and all Lots are offered ‘as seen’ and ‘as is’. 17. Estimates: estimates are for general guidance only and Lots may sell outside their indicated range(s). Bidders must make their own assessment as to the value of any Lot and conduct their bidding accordingly. 18. Reserves: Lots may be subject to a Reserve Price set by the Seller, at a level not exceeding the low estimate, below which bids cannot be accepted; TimeLine reserves the right to bid on behalf of a Seller, up to the amount of any Reserve Price. 19. Buyer’s Premium: the Buyer’s Premium is 27% of the Hammer Price [inclusive of VAT] for all successful Bidders. Use of the TimeLine Auctions online inhouse bidding service is free of additional charge. For those using any other internet bidding platforms, the provider’s normal charges at up to 6% (inclusive of VAT) will be payable by the Buyer in addition to the Buyer’s Premium. 20. Registration and Bidding: all prospective Bidders must register their personal details with TimeLine before bidding and a Bidder Number will be allocated for their use in relation to a specific sale; prospective Bidders will be asked to provide proof of identity and address. TimeLine reserves its right to refuse any Bidder or any Bid at its discretion. A deposit in accordance with clause 27 may be required before accepting any Bid(s). The Bidder Number must be shown by Bidders to the Auctioneer when placing a bid and by the successful Bidder when the Lot is Knocked Down. The auctioneer shall conduct the Auction at his sole discretion for all matters, accept Bids from any source and may exercise bids on behalf of absent Bidders or on behalf of Sellers up to any Reserve Price. Bidding shall be in pounds sterling only and generally in accordance with the increments set out below: a. £0 to £99 – in increments of £5 b. £100 to £199 – in increments of £10 c. £200 to £499 – in increments of £20 d. £500 to £999 – in increments of £50 e. £1000 to £1999 – in increments of £100 f. £2000 to £4,999 – in increments of £200 g. £5000 to £9,999 – in increments of £500 h. £10000 to £19,999 – in increments of £1,000 i. £20000 to £49,999 – in increments of £2,000 j. £50000 to £99,999 – in increments of £5,000 k. £100,000 to £249,999 – in increments of £10,000 l. £250,000 and up – in minimum increments of £20,000 21. Absentee Bidding/Auto Bidding: Registered Bidders may leave absentee/auto Bids in advance of a live Auction directly through the TimeLine website or in writing by mail, email, fax or other delivery means and will be automatically exercised at the Reserve Price or at one bid increment above any competing Bid up to the submitted maximum Bid amount. 22. Commission Bidding: while Bidders are advised to attend the Auction and to bid


TimeLine Auctions

in person, TimeLine will accept written instructions in advance of a live Auction from a Registered Bidder to personally execute bids on behalf of the Bidder up to a stated maximum. Unlimited bids or bids to ‘buy’ will not be accepted. In the event of identical bids being received from more than one Bidder, the earliest received will have priority. TimeLine offers this as a free service for live Auctions but] no liability is accepted for any errors in bidding or in the event that a Bid is not placed. A deposit may be required In accordance with clause 27. 23. Internet Bidding: live, real-time bidding is available to Bidders through the TimeLine website for all live Auctions. Bidders intending to use any other internet bidding service must Register in advance with that service and the provider’s normal charges at up to 6% (VAT inclusive) will be payable in addition to the Buyer’s Premium. It is entirely the responsibility of the Bidder using any bidding service to ensure that Bids are made accurately; Bids cannot be retracted once made and are binding on the Bidder in all circumstances. TimeLine are not responsible for any technical or other failure which results in Bids not being received. 24. Telephone Bidding: facilities for telephone bidding are available at live Auctions at the discretion of TimeLine for Bidders on Lots with a low estimate in excess of £250 and must be booked and confirmed in advance. It is a condition for acceptance by TimeLine of any telephone bidding request that the Bidder undertakes to execute a minimum Bid at the low estimate sum. TimeLine offers telephone bidding as a free service but no liability is accepted for any errors or in the event that a connection cannot be made or is interrupted before the Lot is Knocked Down. 25. Agents: all Bidders making Bids through any means shall be deemed to be acting as principal in their bidding and shall be directly and fully liable for all Bid amounts, Buyer’s Premium and any other charges or costs. If any prospective Bidder wishes to appoint a person to bid on their behalf, then this must be agreed and authorised in writing by TimeLine in advance of the Auction. A deposit may be required in accordance with clause 27. 26. Value Added Tax: VAT is charged and invoiced on an inclusive basis, under the auctioneer’s margin scheme on all Buyers’ Premiums and other charges; Buyers resident outside the EU should note that there is no relief or exemption from VAT. For such items as investment gold, modern jewellery and gemstones including where marked with a ‘dagger’ (†) symbol, VAT on the Hammer Price will be payable in addition. 27. Deposits: Timeline reserves the right to request a deposit in certain circumstances. The amount of the deposit will be set by Timeline. If a Bid is not placed the deposit will be paid back within a reasonable timeframe after the close of the auction. In case of a successful bid, the deposit will be reduced from the Purchase Price payable by the Buyer. 28. Payment: the Purchase Price becomes due and payable when the Lot is Knocked Down by the Auctioneer. Requests and Statements detailing the purchase information will be sent out by email or post; Bidders may be telephoned or otherwise contacted when payment is not received promptly or where there are queries in any respect. a. The full Purchase Price must be paid in Pounds Sterling and can be made by bank transfer (for transfers from outside the UK, subject to payment of an additional £10 overseas bank transaction fee), by cash up to the value of £7,000, by cheque from a UK bank (subject to clearance) or by bank debit card or credit card (up to a maximum of £500). It is the responsibility of the Buyer to ensure that TimeLine receives the correct amount payable.

Terms & Conditions

b. Unless agreed by TimeLine in writing in advance of the Auction, the Buyer must pay the Purchase Price in full in cleared funds to TimeLine by no later than 4.30pm on the third working day following the Date of Sale. In case of delayed payment, clause 32 applies. 29. Title, Risk and Insurance: Title to any Lot is retained by the Seller until the Purchase Price and all other sums payable by the Buyer have been paid in full in cleared funds to TimeLine; at this point, Title will transfer from the Seller to the Buyer. Risk for the Lot passes to the Buyer at the time the Lot is Knocked Down to the Bidder. TimeLine does not hold property insured after the Lot has been Knocked Down. 30. Collection of Lots and Storage: Once the Buyer has paid the Purchase Price in full, TimeLine will release the Lot to the Buyer for collection. The Buyer must collect, or arrange the collection of, all purchases from the location advised by TimeLine by 4.30pm on the seventh working day following the Date of Sale. TimeLine may provide the Buyer with a quotation and contact details for the services of Mail Boxes Etc on TimeLine documentation (any storage/shipping contract is between the Buyer and Mail Boxes Etc). The Buyer may arrange a service of their choice for collection, packing and shipping services. Lots not collected by the seventh working day following the Date of Sale will be moved to storage at a transfer cost of £20 plus VAT per Lot and storage charges will thereafter be applied at the rate of £1.90 plus VAT per Lot per day until collected; no Lots may be removed/released to the Buyer until all storage and transfer costs have been paid in full. In the event that the accrual of storage charges reaches 50% of the Hammer Price paid or after the expiration of three months from the transfer date, whichever occurs first, Timeline reserve the right to re-sell any and all Lots stored without notice and in any manner at their sole discretion and to apply any proceeds in defrayment of such costs. The Buyer will be entitled to receive any credit balance above the amount of the costs on request but will remain liable for any deficit. 31. Delivery by TimeLine: at the absolute discretion of TimeLine, TimeLine may, on request, directly arrange delivery of certain Lots to the address registered to the Buyer, on payment by the Buyer to TimeLine of any advised handling and delivery charge. 32. Remedies for Buyer’s Failure to Make Payment and/or Remove Lots: if the Purchase Price and/or all sums payable are not paid in full when they fall due and/or the Lot is not removed in accordance with these terms, TimeLine may without further notice to the Buyer be entitled to exercise one or more of the following rights: a. To terminate the agreement immediately for breach of contract; b. To retain possession of the Lot; c. To remove and/or store the Lot at the Buyer’s expense, as detailed at clause 30at a cost to the Buyer of £20 + VAT for the transfer per Lot plus a daily cost of £1.90 plus VAT per Lot for the storage; d. To take legal proceedings against the Buyer for payment of any sums due to TimeLine by the Buyer; e. To be paid interest on any monies due to TimeLine at the annual rate of 8% per annum from time to time to be calculated on a daily basis from the date upon which such monies became payable until the date of actual payment; f. To sell the Lot without a Reserve Price at Auction or by any other means and apply any proceeds against the amount owing by the Buyer to TimeLine; g. To apply any monies received from the Buyer in payment or part payment of any sums due from the Buyer to TimeLine under these terms; h. To refuse to allow the Buyer to register for a future Auction or to reject a bid from

the Buyer at a future Auction.

to enforce any of these terms.

33. Limitation of Liability: The Auctioneer has obtained insurance cover in respect of its own legal liability for individual claims. The limits and exclusions in this clause reflect the insurance cover the Auctioneer has been able to arrange and the Buyer is responsible for making his own arrangements for the insurance of any excess loss.

42. Governing Law: these terms and conditions and any dispute or claim arising out of or in connection with them or their subject matter or formation (including noncontractual disputes or claims) shall be governed by, and construed in accordance with, the law of England and Wales.

Timeline will under no circumstances be liable to the Buyer, whether in contract, tort (including negligence), breach of statutory duty, or otherwise, arising under or in connection with the contract for: a. any loss of profits, sales, business or revenue b. loss of business opportunity c. an indirect or consequential loss. Our total liability to you for all losses arising under or in connection to the contract, whether in contract, tort (including negligence), breach of statutory duty, or otherwise, will in no circumstances exceed £500. Nothing in the Contract limits any liability which cannot legally be limited, including but not limited to liability for: a. death or personal injury caused by negligence; b. fraud or fraudulent misrepresentation; and c. breach of the terms implied by section 12 of the Supply of Goods and Services Act 1979 (title and quiet possession). This clause 33 shall survive termination of the Contract. 34. Buyer’s Indemnity: the Buyer agrees to indemnify TimeLine on a full indemnity basis against all legal and other costs, all losses and expenses incurred as a result of TimeLine taking steps under clause 33. 35. Use of your personal information: TimeLine will only use the Seller’s personal information as set out in their privacy policy. TimeLine may amend this policy from time to time. Where Timeline processes any personal data, it will comply with the requirements and obligations under the Data Protection Legislation. 36. Anti-Money Laundering: TimeLine’s Anti-Money Laundering Policy sets out TimeLine’s policy for ensuring compliance anti-money laundering legislation that applies to some of TimeLine’s activities. TimeLine may amend this policy from time to time. 37. Sale of Goods Act: The terms implied by sections 13 to 15 of the Sale of Goods Act 1979 are, to the fullest extent permitted by law, excluded. 38. Severance: If any provision or partprovision of these terms and conditions is or becomes invalid, illegal or unenforceable, it shall be deemed modified to the minimum extent necessary to make it valid, legal and enforceable. If such modification is not possible, the relevant provision or partprovision shall be deemed deleted. Any modification to or deletion of a provision or part-provision under this clause shall not affect the validity and enforceability of the rest of the terms and conditions. 39. Amendments: TimeLine may amend these Terms and Conditions from time to time. Please check our website for our latest terms and conditions. 40. No waiver: No failure or delay by TimeLine to exercise any right or remedy provided under the these Terms and Conditions or by law shall constitute a waiver of that or any other right or remedy, nor shall it prevent or restrict the further exercise of that or any other right or remedy. 41. Third-Party rights: These Terms & Conditions are between Timeline and a Seller. No other person shall have any rights

43. Jurisdiction: the Bidder irrevocably agrees that the courts of England and Wales shall have exclusive jurisdiction to settle any dispute or claim arising out of or in connection with these terms and conditions or its subject matter or formation (including non-contractual disputes or claims). At the sole discretion of TimeLine, the auctioneer may instigate any proceedings within the jurisdiction of the bidder's country of residence. 44. Disputes: in the event that the Buyer has any dispute in relation to any Lot, not being a Lot described as a Group, Collection or other term indicating that the lot comprises more than one object, (such lots being sold cannot be returned in accordance with clause 15), which has been sold, that dispute must be notified to TimeLine in writing within 14 days following the Date of the Sale in order that TimeLine can hold the proceeds pending resolution of the dispute. In the event of deliberate forgery being claimed for any Lot, the Buyer shall submit two opinions in writing from recognised experts for consideration; the inability of different experts to agree shall not be sufficient grounds. No liability is accepted by TimeLine for any costs/losses of the Buyer, including but not limited to fees, shipping, loss of profit, consequential costs or any other matters beyond the Hammer Price and Buyer's Premium. In all cases, any item must be returned to TimeLine, strictly in the condition it was in at the date of the sale being held; Buyers are advised that any form of destructive examination or testing undertaken will result in claims being rejected; claims resulting from results of tests under a scientific process not generally accepted for use at the Date of the Sale or which were unreasonably expensive in relation to the estimates for the lot or impractical or likely to have caused damage to the Lot at the Date of the Sale will not be allowed. TimeLine will have no liability to the Buyer after a period of 14 days as then TimeLine will release monies and make payments to Sellers.

Seller’s Terms and Conditions 1. Interpretations and Definitions: the following terms generally apply within these Terms and Conditions; other terms are defined within specific sections following: Auctioneer – the firm TimeLine Auctions Ltd (“TimeLine” hereafter) or its authorised auctioneer, acting as Agent for the Seller. TimeLine is a company registered in England and Wales (company no: 06873501) with registered office at 40 Kilmarnock Drive, Luton, LU2 7YP, UK. The website and telephone number are https://timelineauctions.com and +44 (0) 1277 815121. Agent – a person or body acting on behalf of another. ALR – Art Loss Register - All lots with an upper Estimate value of £1,000 and above and all ancient Western Asiatic lots are searched against the Art Loss Register database. Auction – a sale event whether taking place live in real-time or of extended duration (Timed Auction). Bid – a sum offered by a Bidder to purchase the Lot. Bidder – the person offering a Bid. Buyer – the person who the Lot is Knocked Down to. Date of Sale – the date on which the Auctioneer Knocks Down the Lot. Data Protection Legislation –all applicable

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Terms & Conditions

TimeLine Auctions

data protection and privacy legislation in force from time to time in the UK including the General Data Protection Regulation ((EU) 2016/679) (83) (GDPR); the Data Protection Act 2018; the Privacy and Electronic Communications Directive 2002/58/EC (as updated by Directive 2009/136/EC) and the Privacy and Electronic Communications Regulations 2003 (SI 2003/2426) as amended, and any and all applicable national data protection laws made under or pursuant to the GDPR, as may be amended or superseded from time to time. Estimate – the estimate for any Lots as set out in the Property Receipt. Group – any Lot comprising more than one item. Hammer Price – the amount of the winning bid when Knocked Down by the Auctioneer to a Bidder. Knock(ed/ing) Down – the act of the Auctioneer in bringing the Hammer down to complete the contract for the sale of the Lot to the Bidder submitting the highest bid. Lot – the goods for sale. Net Proceeds-the Hammer Price less the Selling Commission and any charges or expenses levied at Timeline’s discretion in accordance with these Terms and Conditions. Purchase Price – the total sum due for any Lot, including the Hammer Price, the Buyer’s Premium, any internet bidding fees, any shipping charges, taxes, duties or any other costs payable to TimeLine. Reserve Price – the minimum Hammer Price at which a Lot may be Knocked Down Seller – the person offering the Lot for sale. Selling Commission – the sum due to TimeLine from the Seller in accordance with clause 10. Timed Sale –in relation to an unsold Lot, a 28 day timeframe to allow a sale post Auction in accordance with clause 15. Title – legal rights of ownership of the Lot. Unsold Fee – 6% (VAT inclusive) of the Reserve Price. Withdrawal Fee – the fee payable to TimeLine in the event the Seller withdraws a Lot in accordance with clause 14, which shall be 6% (VAT inclusive) of the low Estimate or Reserve Price, whichever is higher.

Purchase Price and all other sums payable by the Buyer have been paid in full in cleared funds to TimeLine; at this point, Title will transfer from the Seller to the Buyer. Risk for the Lot passes to the Buyer at the time the Lot is Knocked Down to the Bidder. TimeLine does not hold any Lot insured after the Lot has been Knocked Down.

2. Application: the singular includes the plural and vice versa and any reference to ‘he’, ‘she’ or ‘it’ applies to all of them.

This clause 8 shall survive termination of the Contract.

3. Basis of Contract: a. These terms and conditions apply to the exclusion of any other terms that the Seller seeks to impose or incorporate, or which are implied by trade, custom, practice or course of dealing. b. Each Seller is required to read the terms and conditions attached to the Property Acceptance/Receipt and acknowledges that he/she has read, accepted and acknowledged the terms of such attachment, in advance of signing the same. c. As auctioneer, TimeLine acts solely for, and in the interest of, the Seller. 4. Copyright: all cataloguing text, images and other material published by TimeLine (including in relation to any Lot) whether physically or electronically is the property of TimeLine and may not be reproduced, stored in any retrieval system or otherwise transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise without the prior written consent of TimeLine. Timeline does not guarantee that a device accurately displays the colours and condition of a Lot. 5. Rights to Photographs, Illustrations and Documents: the Seller grants to Timeline full and absolute right to photograph or illustrate any Lot and to use such photographs or illustrations, and any photographs, illustrations or documents provided by the Seller, at any time and at TimeLine’s absolute discretion (whether or not in connection with any Auction). 6. Title, Risk and Insurance: Title to any Lot is retained by the Seller until the

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7. Seller’s Representations and Warranties: in submitting any Lot for sale, the Seller warrants and represents to TimeLine the matters set out in the Property Acceptance/Receipt and Seller’s statement of provenance. The Seller will be asked to provide proof of identity and address. 8. Limitation of Liability: The Auctioneer has obtained insurance cover in respect of its own legal liability for individual claims. The limits and exclusions in this clause reflect the insurance cover the Auctioneer has been able to arrange and the Seller is responsible for making his own arrangements for the insurance of any excess loss. Timeline will under no circumstances be liable to the Seller, whether in contract, tort (including negligence), breach of statutory duty, or otherwise, arising under or in connection with the Contract for: a. any loss of profits, sales, business or revenue; b. loss of business opportunity; and c. an indirect or consequential loss. TimeLine’s total liability to the Seller for all losses arising under or in connection to the Contract, whether in contract, tort (including negligence), breach of statutory duty, or otherwise, will in no circumstances exceed £500. Nothing in these terms and conditions limits any liability which cannot legally be limited, including but not limited to liability for: a. death or personal injury caused by negligence; b. fraud or fraudulent misrepresentation; and c. breach of the terms implied by section 12 of the Supply of Goods and Services Act 1979 (title and quiet possession).

9. Seller’s Indemnity: the Seller shall indemnify and hold TimeLine harmless from all claims and all direct, indirect or consequential losses (including loss of profits, loss of business, depletion of goodwill and similar losses), costs, proceedings, damages and expenses (including legal and other professional fees and expenses) awarded against or incurred or paid by TimeLine as a result or in connection with: a. any breach of the warranties referred to in clause 7; b. any claim made against TimeLine concerning the authenticity of any Lot; c. any alleged or actual infringement, whether or not under English law, of any third party’s Intellectual Property Rights or other rights arising out of the Auction or sale of the Lot. 10. Selling Commission: The standard rate of selling commission payable to TimeLine shall be 18% of the Hammer Price (VAT inclusive). 11. Additional Charges: TimeLine may levy additional charges regarding: a. Collection of goods from Seller’s premises, storage of goods submitted for sale by a Seller and storage of Lots unsold in accordance with clause 15; b. Further charges at the discretion of TimeLine on advance warning to the Seller for any unusual research, special or additional imaging, testing, consultation with external specialists, conservation, cleaning or other services concerned with presenting the Lot, including VAT or other taxes or duties as applicable. c. All items submitted for sale in the

'Western Asiatic' category (other than items designated as 'style') and all lots over £1000 will incur an administration charge of £6.00 (VAT inclusive) per item for additional checking, including searches against the ALR. 12. Lots: all goods submitted to TimeLine will be lotted, catalogued and offered by live auction sale, limited timed auction sale, 'buy it now' direct sale or other method at the sole discretion of TimeLine; antiquities, antiques and collectables Lots with a low Estimate of £200 or less and coin Lots with a low Estimate of £100 or less will not normally be illustrated in any printed catalogue and printed text entries may be minimised (images and full text will always be shown on the TimeLine website); Estimates are provided for information only and Hammer Prices may differ from the estimated range. 13. Reserve Price: The Seller may set a Reserve Price on any Lot where the low Estimate exceeds £120 subject to agreeing that an Unsold Fee will become payable to Timeline for any such Reserved Lot which fails to sell; in addition the Seller agrees that the auctioneer may accept a bid received at one bid increment or 10% of the Reserve Price (whichever is higher) below the Reserve Price sum if necessary to sell the Lot. 14. Withdrawal of Lots: Once entered for sale, Lots may be withdrawn by the Seller only upon the agreement of TimeLine and payment to TimeLine of the Withdrawal Fee; a Withdrawal Fee will also be payable should any post-Sale offer be received in accordance with clause 14 but not accepted by the Seller. TimeLine reserves the absolute right to withdraw any Lot from sale for any reason in which circumstance no Withdrawal Fee will be payable. The Seller is thereafter responsible for collection of any Lot which has been withdrawn and clause 15 applies. 15. Unsold Lots and Storage: in the event that a Lot is not sold no Selling Commission is payable unless the Lot was subject to a Reserve Price in which case a sum of 6% (VAT inclusive)of the Reserve Price is payable by the Seller to TimeLine. TimeLine shall retain possession of unsold Lots for a period of twenty-eight days from the date of any Auction for entry into any Timed Sale or against the possibility of receiving post-Sale offers for such Lots. The Seller is thereafter responsible for collection of any unsold goods immediately after this period and Lots will be released after any charges due have been paid in full. Lots not removed by 4.30pm on the seventh working day after the due date will be moved to storage at a transfer cost of £20 plus VAT per Lot and storage charges will thereafter be applied at the rate of £1.90 plus VAT per Lot per day until collected; no Lots may be removed until any storage or other amounts due to TimeLine have been paid in full. In the event that the accrual of storage charges reaches 50% of the Reserve Price or after the expiration of three months from the transfer date, whichever occurs first, Timeline reserve the right to re-sell any and all Lots stored without notice and in any manner at their sole discretion and to apply any proceeds in defrayment of such costs. The Seller will be entitled to receive any credit balance above the amount of the costs on request but will remain liable for any deficit. 16. Payment to Sellers: the Net Proceeds of the Auction will become due and payable to the Seller 30 days following the Date of Sale provided that TimeLine have received cleared payment of the Purchase Price in full from the Buyer. 17. Use of your personal information: TimeLine will only use the Seller’s personal information as set out in their privacy policy. TimeLine may amend this policy from time to time. Where Timeline processes any personal data, Timeline will comply with the requirements and obligations under the Data Protection Legislation.

18. Anti-Money Laundering: TimeLine’s Anti-Money Laundering Policy sets out TimeLine’s policy for ensuring compliance with anti-money laundering legislation that applies to some of TimeLine’s activities. TimeLine may amend this policy from time to time. 19. Sale of Goods Act: The terms implied by sections 13 to 15 of the Sale of Goods Act 1979 are, to the fullest extent permitted by law, excluded. 20. Severance: If any provision or partprovision of these terms and conditions is or becomes invalid, illegal or unenforceable, it shall be deemed modified to the minimum extent necessary to make it valid, legal and enforceable. If such modification is not possible, the relevant provision or partprovision shall be deemed deleted. Any modification to or deletion of a provision or part-provision under this clause shall not affect the validity and enforceability of the rest of the terms and conditions. 21. Amendments: TimeLine may amend these Terms and Conditions from time to time. Please check our website for our latest terms and conditions. 22. No waiver: No failure or delay by TimeLine to exercise any right or remedy provided under the these Terms and Conditions or by law shall constitute a waiver of that or any other right or remedy, nor shall it prevent or restrict the further exercise of that or any other right or remedy. 23. Third-Party rights: These Terms & Conditions are between Timeline and a Seller. No other person shall have any rights to enforce any of these terms. 24. Governing Law: these terms and conditions and any dispute or claim arising out of or in connection with them or their subject matter or formation (including noncontractual disputes or claims) shall be governed by, and construed in accordance with, the law of England and Wales. 25. Jurisdiction: each party irrevocably agrees that the courts of England and Wales shall have exclusive jurisdiction to settle any dispute or claim arising out of or in connection with these terms and conditions or its subject matter or formation (including non-contractual disputes or claims).


Connecting Collectors with Ancient Art

Since its founding, TimeLine has connected thousands of collectors with ancient art, introducing new enthusiasts to the joy of collecting and providing a platform for established collectors to develop and expand their collections. Through our beautiful catalogues, website, viewing days and rostrum auctions in central London, we invite you to learn about, enjoy and own antiquities from across the ancient world. Our auctions bring together unique pieces from ancient civilisations ranging from Ancient Egypt, Early Medieval Europe and the classical Mediterranean to the ancient cultures of India and Southeast Asia, China and the pre-Columbian Americas. TimeLine has developed an unmatched network of collectors, dealers, agents and experts to offer you some of the largest collections of ancient art. Each lot in our auction has been expertly researched, catalogued and professionally photographed, supported by TimeLine’s customer satisfaction guarantee. In this process we are proud to draw on the expertise of our consultants and specialists, respected and recognised experts in their fields, to provide our customers with the highest level of service and trust. For collectors, working with TimeLine is a mutual relationship that grows with every acquisition. Our experienced and passionate staff are committed to bringing ancient art closer to each and every client, regardless of experience and budget, providing them with the opportunity to acquire ancient art with confidence. TimeLine Auctions also provides a comprehensive and confidential selling and valuation service.

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February 2021 Auction - TimeLine Auctions

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