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@DrChrisAllen

Threatening Others, Threatening Us Contemporary Representations of Muslims in the British Media Dr Chris Allen Institute of Applied Social Studies, University of Birmingham


Examples‌?


@DrChrisAllen


@DrChrisAllen


@DrChrisAllen


@DrChrisAllen


Evidence‌?


@DrChrisAllen

Chris Allen & Jorgen Nielsen, Summary report on Islamophobia in the EU after 11 September 2001 (Vienna: EUMC, 2002)

The role of the media is contentious and debatable as rarely can be proved – whether through a particular broadcast or printed article – to have directly caused or be held responsible for a reported or identified act of aggression or change in attitude Yet, research also shows that the media plays a fundamental role in the formulation and establishment of popular views and attitudes in society So whilst no direct evidence exists to suggest that the media’s role causes Islamophobia, the media’s role cannot also be dismissed given that it does shape and influence public attitudes that could, in turn, create, feed into and subsequently justify Islamophobic attitudes and expressions


@DrChrisAllen

YouGov opinion poll, Attitudes towards British Muslims, Islam Awareness Week (4 November 2002)

74% of the British public claim that they know 'nothing or next to nothing about Islam’ 64% of the British public claim that what they do know is ‘acquired through the media’


@DrChrisAllen

INSTED, The search for common ground: Muslims, non-Muslims and the UK media (London: INSTED, 2007)

Research from 2006 suggests that the press coverage relating to Muslims and Islam in British national newspapers had increased by approximately 270% over preceding decade

91% of that coverage was deemed negative 84% of press coverage represented Islam and Muslims either as ‘likely to cause damage or danger’ or as ‘operating in a time of intense difficulty or danger’


@DrChrisAllen

K Moore, P Mason & J Lewis, Images of Islam in the UK: the representation of British Muslims in the national print news media 2000-2008 (Cardiff: Cardiff University, 2008)

Once again confirmed that press coverage of British Muslims had increased significantly since 2000, peaking in 2006, and remaining at high levels in 2007 and 2008 2008 was shown to be the first year in which the volume of stories about religious and cultural differences (32% of stories by 2008) overtook stories related to terrorism (27% by 2008)


Impact…?


@DrChrisAllen

INSTED, The search for common ground: Muslims, non-Muslims and the UK media (London: INSTED, 2007)

• Likely to provoke & increase feelings of insecurity, suspicion & anxiety amongst non-Muslims; • Likely to provoke feelings of insecurity, vulnerability & alienation amongst Muslims, & in this way to weaken the Government’s measures to reduce & prevent extremism; • Unlikely to help diminish levels of hate crime & acts of unlawful discrimination by non-Muslims against Muslims; • Likely to be a major barrier preventing the success of the Government’s cohesion & integration policies; • Unlikely to contribute to informed discussion & debate amongst Muslims & non-Muslims about ways of working together to maintain & develop Britain as a multicultural, multi-faith democracy


@DrChrisAllen


@DrChrisAllen

Chris Allen, A review of the evidence relating to the representation of Muslims and Islam in the British media (written evidence to APPG Islamophobia, 2012)

• Presents an overwhelmingly negative picture, where threat, otherness, fear & danger posed or caused by Muslims & Islam is paramount • Has potential to feed, create & justify forms of order about who we are – and who we are not - in minds of general public • Encourages stigmatisation, marginalisation & intolerance • Increasingly ‘makes sense’, justifying discriminatory & exclusionary practices but so too making divisive messages of far-right appear justified & fair • Reciprocally, reinforces the view that Muslims do not – and never will – ‘belong’ here, reinforcing more extreme rhetoric of some within Muslim communities


@DrChrisAllen

Online Poll (25th October 2010)

Do you think that Britain will become an Islamic country? 97% said ‘YES’


More‌?


@DrChrisAllen

All open access publications – including these presentation slides - can be downloaded from:

www.issuu.com/drchrisallen


@DrChrisAllen Chris Allen Walls Come Tumbling Down: www.chris-allen.co.uk Doing or Not Doing God: www.doinggod.wordpress.com

c.allen.2@bham.ac.uk

07940 537691 Search ‘Chris Allen IASS’


Questions…?

Young MuslimLeadershipProgramme-Muslims&Media  

The slides from my presentation to the Young Muslim Leadership Programme on Tuesday 27th August 2013 in Oxford

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