Issuu on Google+

International Indexed & Refereed Research Journal, ISSN 0975-3486, (Print) E-ISSN-2320-5482, July,2013 VOL-IV *ISSUE- 46

Research Paper—Education

Secondary Schools' Students' Attitude Towards Sanskrit Language * Dr. Dipak M. Mehta July ,2013 *Assistant Professor of Education,Shri Ram M.Ed.College,Dehgam,Ahmedabad A B S T R A C T This paper deals with the study of attitudes of secondary schools' students towards Sanskrit Language. Though Sanskrit is a Mother Language of most of the Indian languages, it has been not given so much weightage in school education as it deserves. In Gujarat, it is taught in standard eight and nine on compulsory basis but in standard ten it is placed in optional subjects' group. This study tries to study whether attitudes of the students improves or not when they come in standard nine from standard eight. The findings of the study shows that it remains constant with the change of the standard and medium of instruction but it differs in relation to the area of the students.

Introduction : So many languages and dialects are spoken in India. But it is believed that Sanskrit is mother of all Indian languages. At present it has not been given so much weightage in schools and colleges as it should be, being and Indian language. Kothari Commission (1964-66) recommended three language formula to be adopted in school education and it was implemented all over the country. The commission tried to give importance to all the official Indian languages in education system. According to that formula students, at secondary level of education, have to learn Mother Tongue, Hindi or English and any other Indian language that is not selected in first two languages. Though, in this formula Sanskrit language has become optional language, Sanskrit is taught mandatorily in standard Eight and Nine in Gujarat State's secondary schools which are recognised by Gujarat State Secondary Education Board. It is placed in optional subjects' group in standard Ten. In standard eight and nine four languages are taught in the schools of all medium and Snaskrit is treated as an additional language. So to know that how much seriously Sanskrit is taken by the students of standard eight and nine, the investigator decided to study the attitudes of the secondary schools students towards Sanskrit language and for that the title of the study was decided as under. Statement of the Problem: Attitude of Secondary Schools' Students Towards Sanskrit Language. Operational Definitions of the Terms: Attitude: The scores obtained by secondary

schools' students' in "Attitude towards Sanskrit Language (ATSL) Scale". Rationale : This study will give idea about the ATSL of students of standard eight and nine of urban and rural areas and studying in English and Hindi Medium. This will be helpful in understanding and developing secondary schools' students' ATSL so that more and more students opt for Sanskrit in standard ten. Objectives : 1. To study secondary school students' ATSL. 2. To study the effect of independent variables on secondary school students' ATSL. 3. To study the effect of interaction between and among independent variables on secondary school stu dents' ATSL. Limitations of the Study : This study was done in Ahmedabad district only in the academic year of 2010-2011. Method of the Study: Survey method was used to know ATSL of secondary school students. Population and Sample of the Study : Population of the study consists of the students of English and Hindi medium secondary schools of Ahmedabad district. Stratified sampling technique was used to select the sample.See Table 1 Tool of the Study : Secondary School Students' ATSL Scale containing 38 statements was prepared by Likert's method. Responses to be given by the students to each statement may vary as Strongly Agree (SA), Agree (A), Neutral

Table - 1 Sample of the Study Standard (A) 8 (A1) 9 (A2) Area(B) Urban (B1) Rural (B2) Urban (B1) Medium(C) Eng. (C1) Hindi (C2) Eng. (C1) Hindi (C2) Eng. (C1) Hindi (C2) N 50 50 50 50 50 50

52

Total Rural (B2) Eng. (C1) Hindi (C2) 50 50 400

RESEARCH ANALYSIS AND EVALUATION


International Indexed & Refereed Research Journal, ISSN 0975-3486, (Print) E-ISSN-2320-5482, July,2013 VOL-IV *ISSUE- 46

(N), Disagree (D) and Strongly Disagree (SD). Scoring F ratio 0.73 of Std. X Medium was less than 3.89 required of the statements was to be done as shown in table - 2. at 0.05 level of significance. So the null hypothesis that Table - 2 Scoring Scheme "There will be no significant effect of interaction beType of Statement Re sp on se tween Standard and Medium on mean ATSL scores of SA A N D SD the Students" was not rejected. Positive 5 4 3 2 1 F ratio 0.33 of Area X Medium was less than 3.89 reNegative 1 2 3 4 5 quired at 0.05 level of significance. So the null hypothData Collection and Analysis : Each attitude scale given to the students was esis that "There will be no significant effect of interacevaluated according to the scoring scheme and row tion between Area and Medium on mean ATSL scores scores were recorded in 2 2 2 factorial table. As it was of the Students" was not rejected. decided that Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) would be F ratio 2.94 of Std. X Area X Medium was less than 3.89 done to test the hypotheses, first of all 2 6.5910 for df required at 0.05 level of significance. So the null hy= 7 obtained by Bartlet's test of homogeneity was com- pothesis that "There will be no significant effect of pared with 2 table value at 0.05 level. It shows that interaction between Standard, Area and Medium on homogeneity of variance is maintained. So ANOVA mean ATSL scores of the Students" was not rejected. was done to test the hypotheses as shown in table - 3. Findings : 1. Students of standard eight and nine have the same Table - 3 Detailed ANOVA ATSL. Source of Variation S S df MS S F Std. 156.22 1 156.22 2.31 2. ATSL of Urban Area students is more positive than Area 444.25 1 444.25 6.56 ATSL of Rural Area students. Medium 39.25 1 39.25 0.58 3. English and Hindi medium students have the same Std. X Area 187.32 1 187.32 2.77 ATSL. Std. X Medium 49.56 1 49.56 0.73 Area X Medium 22.65 1 22.65 0.33 4. Interaction between Standard and Area, Standard Std. X Area X Medium 199 1 199.00 2.94 and Medium, Area and Medium and Standard, Within Treatment 13001.02 192 67.71 Medium and Area do not affect ATSL the students Total 14099.27 199 of standard eight and nine. Study of Null Hypotheses : Implications of the Study : F ratio 2.31 of Standard was less than 3.89 Since the study says that as the students are required at 0.05 level of significance. So the null hypromoted to standard nine from standard eight their pothesis that "There will be no significant difference ATSL remains unchanged, it is a duty of the teachers between mean ATSL scores of the students of standard to make the students take more interest in Sanskrit eight and nine." was not rejected. Language as they are promoted in higher standard. On F ratio 6.56 of Area was more than 3.89 required at 0.01 the other side, when we can make our students learn level of significance. So the null hypothesis that "There foreign language like English, why our students cannot will be no significant difference between mean ATSL learn Sanskrit. The government should provide some scores of the students of Urban and Rural Areas." was incentives to the students who opt for Sanskrit in stanrejected. dard ten. If we Indians do not take care of Sanskrit, who F ratio 0.528 of Medium was less than 3.89 required at else will bother for its development? Now it is high time 0.05 level of significance. So the null hypothesis that to take some sincere actions make it compulsory in "There will be no significant difference between mean secondary education up to standard ten. Teacher should ATSL scores of English and Hindi Medium Students" organize co-curricular activities based on Sanskrit Lanwas not rejected. guage and the students should be encouraged to take F ratio 2.77 of Std. X Area was less than 3.89 required part in such activities. The school administration and at 0.05 level of significance. So the null hypothesis that the education department also have to look forward for "There will be no significant effect of interaction bemaking Sanskrit Language teaching more extensive in tween Standard and Area on ATSL scores of the Sturural areas. dents" was not rejected.

R E F E R E N C E 1 Asthana, Bipin, (2009) Measurement and Evaluation in Psychology & Education. Agara : Agrawal Publications. 2

Best, John W. and Khan James V. (1995). Research in Education (Seventh Edition). New Delhi : Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd.

3 4 5 6

Shukla, Shukla, Shukla, Turney,

S. S. S. B

S. (2010). Educational Psychology (Gujarati). Agra : Agarwal Publications. S. (2012). Excel and Data Analysis. Ahmedabad : Kshiti Prakashan. S. (2012). Principles & Techniques of Teaching and Learning. Agra : Agrawal Publications. and George, Robb (1971). Research in Education An Introduction. , Illinois : The Dryden Press Inc.

RESEARCH ANALYSIS AND EVALUATION

53


52 53