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International Indexed & Refereed Research Journal, ISSN 0975-3486, (Print) E-ISSN-2320-5482, July,2013 VOL-IV *ISSUE- 46

Research Paper

A Study of Professional Effectiveness of High School Teachers * Solanki Smitaben Chhotalal July ,2013 * Ph.D. Research Scholar, Shree JJT University, Jhunjhunu,Rajasthan professional effectiveness of high school teachers Introduction of Ahmedabad City. The mind is the single most powerful tool even created by God in the History of mankind. If we Hypothesis of the Study take a look at all of the God's creations from sunset to Ho1: There will be no significant difference between sunrise, from the tips of Himalayas to the bottom of the mean professional effectiveness scores of high Oceans, there is nothing as significant as the power of school teachers residing in urban and rural areas of the human mind. The human mind always goes after Ahmedabad City. something to get something sensible. If one's thought Ho2: There will be no significant difference between is what it should be one will have little trouble with his the mean professional effectiveness scores of male action. Yet it is to be remembered that to do useful to and female high school teachers of Ahmedabad City. make thoughts must result in action. There must be no Ho3: There will be no significant difference between laziness, but constant activity in the direction of doing the mean professional effectiveness scores of high school teachers having less than 10 years and more good work. Teaching is a relationship established among the three than 10 years of educational experience during service focal points in education that is student, teacher and in Ahmedabad City. the subject matter. Teaching is the process by which Analysis and Interpretation of the Data In the present study, for testing the hypothesis the teacher brings the student and the subject matter together. So play the role to an expected level the teacher some statistical techniques were used by the researcher should be efficient. Besides this the institution, the that is mean, standard deviation and t -test for the process of admission, training, climate, administrative analysis and interpretation of the data. set up, the personal character of teacher, practice and Ho1: There will be no significant difference between so on other factors had great impact on the effective- the mean professional effectiveness scores of high school teachers residing in urban and rural areas of ness of teacher. Ahmedabad City. Importance of the Study .1 Professional Effectiveness of High School Teachers 1. To investigate common professional effectiveness Table residing in Urban and Rural areas of Ahmedabad City. of high school teachers of Ahmedabad City. Variable N Mean(M) Standard t-value 2. To know the effect of area on the professional effec (Area) Deviation(SD) Urban 7 0 27.085 715.049732 1.312734 tiveness of high school teachers of Ahmedabad City. Rural 7 0 26.057 144.180305 3. To know the characteristics of the professional ef tcal = 1.312734 < t0.05 = 1.98 fectiveness of male as well as female teachers of the From the table.1, it is evident that the tcal = 1.312734 high schools of Ahmedabad City. which is less than the t0.05 level = 1.98 which indicates 4. To know the effect of educational experience on the that the t-value is not significant at 0.05 level of signifiprofessional effectiveness of high school teachers cance. Hence the hypothesis that there will be no sigof Ahmedabad City. nificant difference between the mean professional efObjectives of the Study fectiveness scores of high school teachers residing in 1. To study the professional effectiveness of high urban and rural areas of Ahmedabad City will not be school teachers of Ahmedabad City. rejected at 0.05 level. It means that there is no difference 2. To check the effect of area on the professional between the professional effectiveness of high school effectiveness of high school teachers of Ahmedabad teachers residing in urban and rural areas of Ahmedabad City. City. 3. To check the effect of sex on the professional effec Ho2: There will be no significant difference between tiveness of high school teachers of Ahmedabad the mean professional effectiveness scores of male and City. female high schools teachers of Ahmedabad City. 4. To check the effect of educational experience on the RESEARCH ANALYSIS AND EVALUATION

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International Indexed & Refereed Research Journal, ISSN 0975-3486, (Print) E-ISSN-2320-5482, July,2013 VOL-IV *ISSUE- 46

Table .2 Professional Effectiveness of Male and Female High School Teachers of Ahmedabad City. Variable N Mean(M) Standard t-value (Gender) Deviation(SD) Male 70 26.9 5.085216 0.835609 Female 70 26.24286 4.175275 tcal = 0.835609 < t0.05 = 1.98

From the table .2, it is evident that the tcal = 0.835609 which is less than the t0.05 level = 1.98 which indicates that the t-value is not significant at 0.05 level of significance. Hence the hypothesis that there will be no significant difference between the mean professional effectiveness scores of male and female high school teachers of Ahmedabad City will not be rejected at 0.05 level. It means that there is no difference between the professional effectiveness of male and female high school teachers residing in Ahmedabad City. Ho3: There will be no significant difference between the mean professional effectiveness scores of high school teachers having less than 10 years and more than 10 years of educational experience during service in Ahmedabad City. Table .3 Professional Effectiveness of High School Teachers having less than 10 years and more than 10 years of Educational Experience Variable N Mean(M) Standard t-value (Educational Deviation(SD) Experience) Less than 39 25.15385 5.065562 2.1005 10 years More than 10 101 27.0891 4.391125 years tcal = 2.1005 > t0.05 < t0.01 = 2.62

From the above table .3, it is evident that the tcal = 2.1005 which is more than the t0.05 level = 1.98 which indicates that difference is significant at 0.05 level. Thus the hypothesis that there will be no significant difference between the mean professional effectiveness scores of high school teachers having less than 10 years and more than 10 years educational experience in Ahmedabad City will be rejected at 0.05 level. It means that there is difference in professional effectiveness of high school teachers having less than 10 years and more than 10 years educational experience differ significantly at 0.05 level. Again the tcal = 2.1005 is less than t0.01 level= 2.62 which indicates that the difference is not significant at 0.01 level. Thus the hypothesis there will be no significant difference between the mean professional effectiveness scores of high school teachers having

less than 10 years and more than 10 years educational experience in Ahmedabad City not be rejected at 0.01 level. It means that there is no difference between the professional effectiveness of high school teachers having less than 10 years and more than 10 years of educational experience do not differ at 0.01 level. Findings of the Study 1. There is no significant difference between the professional effectiveness scores of high school teachers residing in the urban and rural areas of Ahmedabad City . It means that high school teachers of urban and rural area have the same professional effectiveness. 2. There is no significant difference between the professional effectiveness scores of male and female high school teachers of Ahmedabad City . It means that the male and female high school teachers have the same professional effectiveness. 3. Out of 100 cases in 95 cases their a significant difference between the professional effectiveness of high school teachers having less than 10 years and more than 10 years of educational experience during service in Ahmedabad City. Moreover the mean scores of more than 10 years of educationally experienced high school teachers have higher value than less than 10 years of educationally experienced high school teachers. Thus it is clear that in 95 percentage cases more than 10 years of educationally experienced high school teachers have more professional effectiveness than less than 10 years of educationally experienced high school teachers. Conclusion The imposssrtance of a teacher in the education system is unquestionable. Teachers are key to optimum development of human resources. Teachers are the backbone of the society. Teachers are destiny of the Nation. Therefore, it is necessary to develop the professional effectiveness of teachers. The researcher has tried the level best to give proper weight age to the present study within certain limitations. The researcher has taken care while accomplishing each task of the research. The researcher did the analysis and interpretation of data by using various statistical methods like mean, standard deviation and t-test. On the basis of derived results, the researcher interpreted whether the framed null hypothesis was rejected or not rejected. Thus the researcher found out the professional effectiveness of high school teachers of Ahmedabad City.

R E F E R E N C E 1 Agarwal, J.C. and S. Gupta. (2007), Secondary Education, History, Prob lems and Management, First edition. Delhi: Shipra Publications India. 2 Best John, W. and James V. Khan. (2002), Research in Education,Seventh 3 Edition. New Delhi: Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd. 4 Elliott, Julia, Anne Knight and Chris Cowlry. (2001), Oxford Dictionary and

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5 Thesaurus, New York: Oxford University Press Inc. 6 Garret, H.E. (1981), Statistics in Psychology and Education,Tenth Edition 7 Bombay: Vaklis Fefer and Simons Private Limited. 8 Hugh, Coolican. (1990), Research Methodology and Statistics in Psy chology, 9 London: Hodder and Stoughton.

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