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Greetings and welcome to the latest edition of the CGI Newsletter Dr. Chris Stout, Editor Gracie Wang, Asst-Editor

Volume III, Number 12

December 2016

_____News, Tools, Reports and Shout-Outs______ Another Award Winning Year‌! The Center for Global Initiatives has been Honored As Top-Rated Nonprofit for a sixth year in a row by, the leading provider of user reviews about nonprofit organizations.

Visit for more information or to make a year-end donation at: 1

___Award, Grant, Funding, Ed. & Job Opportunities___ Humanitarian Desk Officer – MENA, SAF & Europe, Oxfam, UK Oxfam International is looking for a motivated and dynamic humanitarian to support the coordination and deployment of Global Humanitarian Team resources to Oxfam humanitarian programs in countries throughout the Middle East, Northern and Southern Africa including Europe. They will also contribute to enabling high quality humanitarian programs working towards community resilience and having a joined up package of support in-line with the country’s ambition. The successful applicant will have: • Experience both remotely and in person building capacity of programs and teams • Proven experience working in Humanitarian and/or Development context either at a HQ or field level. • Excellent teamwork skills and the ability to build good relations internally and externally • Able analyze, interpret and communicate complex and fast moving programmatic information • Excellent planning, coordination and prioritization skills and proven capacity to undertake varied tasks to tight deadlines • Fluency in English required and competence in Arabic is desirable. For more information, see: Public Health Program seeks a Program Officer to be based in Budapest The Public Health Program seeks a Program Officer to be based in Budapest. The Program Officer will be responsible for strategic leadership and management of the allocated PHP Roma health portfolio. They will have extensive field expertise in Roma rights and inclusion, solid program management skills, and experience engaging at the international policy level (e.g. with the European Union and human rights mechanisms). The portfolio currently consists of work focused on social accountability and legal empowerment of Roma communities to recognize and claim their health related rights and engage in policy dialogue on issues affecting them; EU advocacy on Roma access to healthcare; and the Roma Health Scholarship Program that supports students to complete medical studies and challenge the perception on Roma from within the healthcare system. The position will also contribute to conceptualizing and developing a new body of work on migration and health rights in Europe.


The Program Officer manages and leads the development of allocated Roma health portfolio including grant making and strategy development in target countries, and reports to the PHP Team Manager. Global Networks Program Director, International Coalition of Sites of Conscience , NY The Coalition is currently seeking candidates for the position of Global Networks Program Director. Based in the Coalition’s New York office, the Global Networks Program Director reports directly to the Coalition’s Executive Director and leads the Coalition’s programmatic work in seven regions: Asia, Africa, Russia, Latin America/Caribbean, Europe, North America, and the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). The Global Networks Program Director helps build the capacity of historic sites, museums and memory initiatives in these seven regions to serve as centers of civic dialogue and engagement through the conceptualization, development and implementation of workshops and training initiatives, advocacy campaigns, cross-regional exchanges, and other creative and innovative efforts across the globe. Working with the Global Networks Program Manager, s/he is responsible for supporting and growing the Coalition’s regional networks and for developing and disseminating Coalition resources to network members. S/he collaborates closely with the Coalition’s Development, Communications, and Membership departments, as well as with the Global Transitional Justice Program. The position requires frequent domestic and international travel. For more information, see: ODI Fellowship Scheme, gives postgraduate economists and statisticians the chance to work in developing country public sectors as local civil servants The Fellowship Scheme is now inviting applications. The deadline is 15th December 2016. Apply here. ODI’s prestigious Fellowship Scheme gives postgraduate economists and statisticians the chance to work in developing country public sectors as local civil servants on two-year contracts. The Scheme has two objectives: to provide developing country governments with high-calibre junior economists and statisticians where there are gaps in local capacity; and to give postgraduate economists and statisticians practical work experience in a developing country. The Scheme is open to candidates of all nationalities provided they have a master’s degree or PhD in economics, statistics or a related discipline. Postings are determined primarily by the needs of partner governments rather than the preferences of candidates themselves. Senior Analyst to the CFO, One Acre Fund, Rwanda One Acre Fund is looking for a professionally mature, highly motivated, and proactive individual to serve as Senior Analyst to the CFO. Acting as the right-hand of the CFO, this role requires a person with strong project management, communication, and financial analysis skills, the ability to work 3

effectively with a range of internal partners, and the strategic acumen and intellectual ability to advance various strategic initiatives. The senior analyst will have great exposure to the inner-workings of one of the world’s leading social enterprises and receive mentorship and coaching that will help accelerate their career in the social sector. For more information, see: Open Society Foundations’ (OSF) Latin America Program seeks a full-time Program Officer Under the strategic direction of a Latin America Program Division Director, the program officer will be responsible for implementing, monitoring and helping to develop and evaluate one or more parts of the program strategy. This includes carrying out all stages of relevant grant making, managing relationships with other entities including potential and current grantees and other civil society and social change organizations, and participating in collaborative decision making both within OSF and with external entities. The program officer is also responsible for strengthening connections between the Latin America Program and the broader priorities of OSF, and facilitating effective and coordinated engagement of OSF programs in the region. For more information, see: Assistant Director, NYU Entrepreneurial Institute Reporting to the Executive Director, the Assistant Director ensures the Entrepreneurial Institute’s (EI) effective day-today operational, project, fiscal, and people management to further organizational work in support of technology commercialization and entrepreneurship among NYU students, faculty and researchers in all twenty schools and colleges. The Assistant Director will serve as a primary administrative liaison/partner with key Entrepreneurial Institute stakeholders (NYU University Development & Alumni Affairs, Office of the Industrial Liaison (OIL), the Berkley Innovation Lab, NYU Future Labs (Incubators) and the Reynolds Program for Social Entrepreneurship, among others) in support of the organizational mission. For more information, see Technical Program Director – BRIGE, DC or Portland, Mercy Corps The Technical Program Director will provide strategic vision, technical oversight, and overall coordination towards the implementation of the BRIGE Program, effectively supporting diverse program teams in Nepal, Indonesia 4

and Niger to meet the program deliverables on time and on-budget. The Technical Program Director will serve as Mercy Corps’ representative on gender and resilience and will collaborate with others within and outside of the agency who are working on gender and resilience. The position will require travel up to 50% to Nepal, Indonesia, Niger, and other locations. For more information, see US Kairos Digital Campaigner Fellowship 2017, Citizen Engagement Lab The OPEN-US Kairos Fellowship is in its second year and has expanded from a six month to a year-long paid on-the-job training program for emerging digital campaigners of color. Kairos, an ancient Greek word, refers to “the right or opportune moment for action. In recent years, we have witnessed an inspiring movement for human rights that is calling attention to structural violence, racism, and inequality in the United States. Technology and digital campaigning have fundamentally changed how we organize. Yet there is often an access gap when it comes to leaders of color employing these cutting-edge tools. Qualifications: We are looking for imaginative, quick thinking, self-motivated individuals with a preference for candidates with two or more years organizing experience. Candidates must possess deep ties to communities of color, a passion for social justice, a commitment to disrupting structural oppression, and a love for the internet and its vast potential for building progressive power and increasing civic engagement. Two Positions at the Global Education Monitoring Report, UNESCO The GEM Report occasionally has a need for consultants. A consultant is a recognized specialist with particular skills, expertise or knowledge who is contracted by UNESCO for a short period, either in an advisory or consultative capacity or to provide a product or service. All consultants hired by the GEM Report Team must be registered on the Education Sector’s roster of consultants. Coordinator, Peace and Development Partnerships Program The Peace and Development Partnerships (PDP) Program promotes best practices in environmental peacebuilding based on principles grounded in the CI’s Rightsbased Approach (RBA) and social safeguards within the Policy Center for Environment and Peace (‘The Policy Center’). PDP provides strategic direction, leadership, technical assistance and capacity building for the Policy Center, other CI Divisions and programs and for external partners on environmental peacebuilding, partnership building with development NGOs and other social dimensions of conservation. The Coordinator provides technical and operational support to PDP activities, including providing assistance with the implementation of CI’s Environmental Peacebuilding Strategy; developing basic training packages in peace and conflict-sensitive conservation for CI staff and partners; leading PDP communication efforts; researching potential institutional partnerships with humanitarian, relief and development organizations; and conducting background research on fundraising prospects… 5

_____Conferences, Courses, and Meetings _____ Call for Proposals: Feminist Approaches to Conflict Resolution Conference December 1 Solidarity: Feminist Approaches to Conflict Resolution Conference April 6-7, 2017 Proposal Deadline: December 1, 2016 School for Conflict Analysis and Resolution, George Mason University Arlington, Virginia The Center for the Study of Gender and Conflict is proud to announce the call for proposals for our 5th annual conference is now open! The conference will take place on the Arlington, Virginia campus of George Mason University, located in the Washington D.C. metro area. For more information, see: Call for Applications, Youth Peacebuilding Workshop, Jordan (open to youth from Arab States) December 4 - December 7 Are you between 15 and 35 years old and from the Arab Region? Are you engaged in activities to build peace and reduce violence in your community or country? Have you been dedicated to conflict resolution or mediation at a regional, national or local level and are seeking to exchange experiences with peers from other countries in the Arab region? If yes, this is a good opportunity for YOU! Apply now to share your experience and learn from others by participating in a fully-funded Youth Peacebuilding Workshop, coordinated by UNDP and UNESCO on behalf of the United Nations Arab Regional Inter-Agency Technical Task Team on Young People (UN IATTTYP) and co-organized with the Peacebuilding Support Office and UNFPA from 4 to 7 December 2016 in Amman, Jordan. Training Course on Gender Integration in Food and Nutrition Security December 5 - December 9 IRES Training Centre, Nairobi, Kenya Women in developing countries play a crucial role in meeting the food and nutrition needs of their families through the three pillars of food security which are; food production, economic access to food, and nutrition security. Despite women’s importance, they are constrained by lower access to land, credit and extension advice, as well as by domestic responsibilities. These constraints have consequences for productivity, efficiency and environmental sustainability. To address these, different approaches can be taken to make the design of agricultural projects gendersensitive. This course provides guidance on how to design and implement agriculture policies and programmes that are gender-responsive, sustainable, contributing to gender equality, and therefore able to improve food and nutrition security. For more information, see: 6

CONTACT Summer Peacebuilding Program June 5, 2017 - June 23, 2017 SIT Graduate Institute, Brattleboro, VT United States The CONTACT Summer Peacebuilding Program is a threeweek professional and academic program in conflict transformation. The first two weeks of the program take place on the SIT Graduate Institute campus in Brattleboro, Vermont, where students learn about core ideas and practices in conflict transformation. The final week of the program takes place in Washington, DC, and includes visits to key governmental and nongovernmental organizations involved in peacebuilding work around the world. The program’s philosophy is that conflict transformation training is most effective when it combines skills-based academic instruction with personal interaction between peacebuilders across ethnic, national, religious, and cultural divides. CONTACT students learn from each other as well as instructors in an intensive format following an experiential learning model. Trainings are led by a diverse group of internationally recognized faculty with years of applied, classroom, and research experience. Typically, peacebuilders from over twenty-five countries participate in the program. Among the topics explored during the three-week program are conflict analysis, social identity and conflict, peacebuilding interventions, post-conflict reconciliation, intercultural communications, gender and peacebuilding, mediation, negotiation, dialogue, policy advocacy, the arts and peacebuilding, non-violent social action, and monitoring and evaluation. For more information, see: CONTACT Peacebuilding Training and Education in South Asia January 23, 2017 @ 8:00 am - February 3, 2017 @ 5:00 pm Unnamed Venue, Kathmandu, Nepal The CONTACT Peacebuilding Training and Education in South Asia program is a two-week professional training in conflict transformation held once a year in Kathmandu, Nepal. (2017 dates are January 23– February 3.) The program serves the needs of working professionals in countries in South Asia as well as in Myanmar who want to further their skills and knowledge in peacebuilding and community development. The program explores ways to confront the past, intervene in the present, and create a shared vision for a secure and sustainable future for the South Asia region. Through a combination of South Asia– focused readings, discussions, and experiential activities with faculty, participants develop a full range of peacebuilding skills and techniques. Participants benefit from a unique opportunity to be in a diverse, multicultural setting and share experiences and knowledge with their fellow peacebuilders by building collaborative cross-border relationships that will contribute to conflict transformation, sustainable peace, and increased development in the region. For more information, see: 7

Summer Course, Virtue, Happiness, and Self-transcendence, U of Chicago June 18, 2017 - June 23, 2017 Unnamed Venue, Chicago, IL The Seminar is intended for outstanding middle- and advanced-level graduate students and early career researchers in the areas of Philosophy, Psychology, and Theology/Religious Studies. Our aim is to involve participants in our innovative and collaborative research framework within these three fields, and to provide an engaged environment to deepen and enliven their own research. The Seminar is highly intensive, meeting twice a day for one week and continues in conversations informally over meals. Participants are housed on the University of Chicago campus and eat communally in a nearby dining hall. The 2017 seminar is supported by a generous grant from the John Templeton Foundation and our institutional partner the Hyde Park Institute, and includes lodging, meals, tuition, and reimbursement up to $500 for travel. Accepted participants are asked to pay a $200 registration fee. Humanitarian Negotiators Training Course (HNTC) 15 March 20, 2017 @ 8:00 am - March 24, 2017 @ 5:00 pm Unnamed Venue, Barcelona, Spain Many humanitarian aid professionals believe that negotiation is perhaps the activity in which they spend most of their time in both field and headquarters situations. Almost everything that humanitarian workers need to achieve has to be negotiated with donors, host governments, local structures, communities, beneficiaries, other humanitarian agencies and their own staff. This course gives students an understanding of negotiation theory as well as practical historical and current applications. It examines all types of negotiations, from roadblocks and negotiations in situ for access to negotiations for peace agreements far from the conflict. Theoretical lectures are supported with group scenario-based exercises. Many humanitarian aid professionals believe that negotiation is perhaps the activity in which they spend most of their time in both field and headquarters situations. Almost everything that humanitarian workers need to achieve has to be negotiated with donors, host governments, local structures, communities, beneficiaries, other humanitarian agencies and their own staff. This course gives students an understanding of negotiation theory as well as practical historical and current applications. It examines all types of negotiations, from roadblocks and negotiations in situ for access to negotiations for peace agreements far from the conflict. Theoretical lectures are supported with group scenario-based exercises. For more information, see:


_____Newsletter in a Newsletter _____ INTERNATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY NEWS BULLETIN

This is from our dear friends at APA’s Office of International Affairs. To send information items for the International news bulletin please write to

To send information items for the International news bulletin please write to INTERNATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES IN PSYCHOLOGY Volunteer with NGO abroad Applications are accepted on a rolling basis for opportunities in Sri Lanka, Kenya, Nepal, Uganda, Costa Rica, Thailand, Ecuador, Peru, Cameroon and Ghana. Both students & seasoned professionals are needed. Applications are accepted on a rolling basis. For more information, please visit: UN Volunteer Service The United Nations offers an opportunity for international volunteer assignments of long term (12 months or longer), or short-term (3 months or shorter) duration. Additionally, there are opportunities for online volunteer assignments that connect development organizations and volunteers over the Internet and supports their effective online collaboration. For more information, please visit: Fulbright Program This program supports international exchange and collaboration. It is active in more than 160 countries and has supported over 300,000 participants all over the world. • For U.S. Scholars to Go Abroad: For more information, please visit: • For Non-U.S. Scholars to Come to the United States: For more information on the Fulbright Foreign Student Program, please 9

visit: WEBINARS Leadership Conversation Hour Uwe Gielen, PhD will be presenting on “Developing International Psychology Leaders through Publication and Scholarship”. This webinar session will focus on publication opportunities for international psychologists and leaders in internationally oriented journals, newsletters, and book series. The opportunities include those provided by APA's International Psychology Division as well as those sponsored by other institutions and publishers. To join the webinar on November, 16, 2016, at 5:30-6:30PM EST, please visit: A2427D1491F0A8378. Free One Hour Professional Development Webinar The goal of this webinar is to help health care providers enhance their skills to provide linguistically competent care in medical settings. The theme is “The Human Connection: Challenges of Language Translation Services in a HealthCare Setting”. To register, please visit: Date: November, 22, 2016; Time: 5:30PM EST/4:30PM CST (2:30PM PST). AWARDS & GRANTS APA Awards and Grants CIRP Award Announcement: Outstanding Dissertation Award An award by the APA’s Committee on International Relations in Psychology (CIRP) for the most outstanding psychology dissertation on a topic related to international and global communities. For more information, please visit: Deadline: January 17, 2017. CIRP Award Announcement: Recognition of Programs Fostering International and Global Perspectives An award by the APA’s Committee on International Relations in Psychology (CIRP) that recognizes a doctoral program that has demonstrated an overall commitment to international issues. For more information, please visit: Deadline: January 17, 2017. Florence L. Denmark and Mary E. Reuder Award The award’s purpose is to who, like Dr. Denmark and Dr. Reuder, have made significant international scholarly, visionary and/or mentoring contributions to further the understanding of women and/or gender. For more information, please visit: Deadline: May 1, 2017. APA Award for Distinguished Contributions to the International Advancement of Psychology This award honors an individual who has made sustained and enduring contributions to 10

international cooperation and the advancement of knowledge in psychology. For more information, please visit: Deadline: June 1, 2017. APA International Humanitarian Award This APA award recognizes extraordinary humanitarian service and activism by a psychologist or a team of psychologists, including professional and/or volunteer work conducted primarily in the field with underserved populations. For more information, please visit: Deadline: June 1, 2017. Henry P. David Research Grant Grant provides up to $1,500 for support of ongoing research in behavioral aspects of population studies or human reproductive behavior. For more information, please visit: Deadline: Feb ruary 15, 2017. *APF offers numerous grants, scholarships, and fellowships supporting projects and programs that use psychology to solve social problems. For more information, please visit: RECENTLY PUBLISHED Recent Publications • An International Human Rights Perspective on Maternal Criminal Justice Involvement in the United States. By Goshin, Lorie S.; Arditti, Joyce A.; Dallaire, Danielle H.; Shlafer, Rebecca J.; Hollihan, Allison.Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, Nov 7, 2016, No Pagination Specified. • Culture Shapes Spatial Frequency Tuning for Face Identification. Tardif, Jessica; Fiset, Daniel; Zhang, Ye; Estéphan, Amanda; Cai, Qiuju; Luo, Canhuang; Sun, Dan; Gosselin, Frédéric; Blais, Caroline. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance. Nov 7, 2016, No Pagination Specified. • More Than a Boundary Shift: Perceptual Adaptation to Foreign-Accented Speech Reshapes the Internal Structure of Phonetic Categories. By Xie, Xin; Theodore, Rachel M.; Myers, Emily B. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, Nov 7, 2016, No Pagination Specified. • Evidence-based care for Iraqi, Kurdish, and Syrian asylum seekers and refugees of the Syrian civil war: A systematic review. By Nakeyar, Cisse; Frewen, Paul A. Canadian Psychology/Psychologie canadienne, Vol 57(4), Nov 2016, 233-245. 11

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APA ANNOUNCEMENTS Travel with APA to Cuba in 2017 APA is organizing a fifth “learning partner” trip to Cuba to explore the psychology community and to attend Psicosalud 2017 ( in Havana. The dates of the trip are Oct. 27-Nov. 5, 2017, with an optional extension through Nov 9, 2017, to visit the interior and east of Cuba and meet with university-based psychologists. The program will include orientation lectures on psychology education in Cuba, the Cuban health care system, the history and current status of psychology in Cuba, visits to Cuban institutions, clinics and offices, and interaction with Cuban psychologists. PsicoSalud, a health psychology conference, is organized by the Cuban Society of Health Psychology and focuses on “Working for the well-being of all.” For more information, please visit: APA Convention 2017 APA seeks proposals for individual presentations and sessions for the 2017 Annual Convention Aug. 3-6, 2017, in Washington, D.C. For more information, please visit: Deadlines: • Division Proposals: Thursday, Dec. 1, 2016, 5 p.m. ET. • Film Festival: Friday, Dec. 22, 2016, 5 p.m. ET. UNITED NATIONS UN Volunteer Service The United Nations offers an opportunity for international volunteer assignments of long term (12 months or longer), or short-term (3 months or shorter) duration. Additionally, there are opportunities for online volunteer assignments that connect development organizations and volunteers over the Internet and supports their effective online collaboration. For more information, please visit: INTERNATIONAL AFFILIATES Visit the APA Affiliates Corner Page: OTHER 12

Join CIRP’s Project! APA’s Committee on International Relations in Psychology (CIRP) is looking for examples of challenges and successes in international research, teaching and application. Please share your experiences in a short survey: Join the APA UN listserv offers information on upcoming UN events. To join this announcement-only list, send an email with the subject line blank and the following in the body of the message: subscribe APAUNITEDNATIONS YourFirstName, YourLastName (e.g., subscribe APAUNITEDNATIONS John Doe) to Consider Sharing Your International Experiences in the Psychology International Newsletter: Contact the newsletter editor at INTERNATIONAL AFFILIATES Visit the APA Affiliates Corner Page: American Psychological Foundation APF offers numerous grants, scholarships, and fellowships supporting projects and programs that use psychology to solve social problems. For more information, please visit: INTERNATIONAL AFFILIATES Visit the APA Affiliates Corner Page: OTHER Join the APA UN listserv offers information on upcoming UN events. To join send an email with the subject line blank and the following in the body of the message: subscribe APAUNITEDNATIONS YourFirstName, YourLastName (e.g., subscribe APAUNITEDNATIONS John Doe) to JOIN GlobalΨYExpo! GlobalΨExpo is a database of psychologists with experience outside the United States, organized by substantive areas of expertise and geographical areas of experience. GlobalΨExpo is maintained by the APA Office of International Affairs. To join, please see: 13

/1092996/Global-Expo Follow international news on twitter: @APA_Intl For more announcements visit Sign-up for FREE APA newsletters: OTHER Consider Sharing Your International Experiences in the Psychology International Newsletter: Contact the newsletter editor at JOIN THE WHO Global Network Mental health and primary care professionals are invited to join the GLOBAL CLINICAL PRACTICE NETWORK (GCPN). This is a network of more than 12,202 mental health researchers, clinicians and practitioners in 143 countries. GCPN registration takes approximately 10 minutes to complete. For more information, please visit: Consider Sharing Your International Experiences in the Psychology International Newsletter: Contact the newsletter editor at Sign-up for FREE APA newsletters: Follow international news on twitter: @APA_Intl For more announcements visit Washington, DC 20002 Phone: 202-336-6025 | Fax: 202-312-6499 Email: |


“Change the World” It always struck me that saying that sounded a lot like grandiose hubris, or at best, a dauntingly overwhelming task. The utter impossibility of it seemed certain until I realized that it can mean helping one person at a time. That is a theme you’ll see throughout this book and our websites and our work. I have added some of my LinkedIn Influencer blogs/essays that I hope may be inspirational, also. The format of this book is inspired by Brian Eno’s A Year with Swollen Appendices, not so much the diary aspect but rather the overwhelmingly large collection of information in the various appendices. Open-Sourced Humanitarian Interventionism It’s long been my goal to make life easier for those working in humanitarian and volunteer endeavors, as well as those in need of help. Indeed, in one way or another, we all need help in one form or another. So, just about everything you find herein and on the Center’s website, is free of charge, and a lot you could also find for yourself. What I’ve tried to do is speed up the search, vet what has been found, and then curate the results, making them as readily and easily available as I know how to. This is my dream of open-sourcing humanitarian work. Current Content, For Pretty Close To Forever The reason for this “reverse engineering” is twofold. First, the amount of content and links on the Center’s website may not always be apparent to the novel user. This book allows for near complete exposure to the functional tools and content that await the online user. Second, this book will never be out-of-date, in that when new content becomes available via uploads to the DropBox account, you’ll be able to read that as well. All you have to do is email me and ask to be linked. I curate the content constantly. You can also request being added to our mailing list via my email address as well if you’d like to be kept up-to-date on events and other relevant content. All proceeds from sales of this book will be donated to the Center for Global Initiatives. Available at Amazon and on Kindle:


_____Zika, Infectious Disease, and More…_____ Aggregated News Reports from: Global Health NOW is an initiative of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Views and opinions expressed in this email do not necessarily reflect those of the Bloomberg School. Created by Brian W. Simpson, MPH, Dayna Kerecman Myers, Maryalice Yakutchik, Jackie Frank and Salma Warshanna-Sparklin. You can connect with them at: ZIKA VIRUS Canceling Zika’s Emergency After the WHO ended its global health emergency for Zika on Friday, experts called the decision premature. The WHO advisory committee emphasized that Zika is an ongoing threat that will need ongoing response. However, US NIAID director Anthony S. Fauci argued it was too early to cancel the Public Health Emergency of International Concern with the possibility of a resurgence in Brazil and elsewhere within months. Lawrence Gostin, director of Georgetown University’s O’Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law, agreed, saying “WHO’s action to call off the global emergency has provided reason for governments and donors to pull back even more,” Gostin said. The New York Times Related: The Race for a Zika Vaccine - The New York Times Related: Myanmar health authorities struggle to prepare for Zika outbreak – Reuters HIV/AIDS Dangerous Times for Young Women Young women in sub-Saharan Africa face especial danger in terms of their risk of contracting HIV/AIDS, according to the new UNAIDS World AIDS Day report. A lack of risk awareness, challenging environments with poor access to food and education, and relationships with older men contribute to their heightened vulnerability. The Numbers: • 91% of new infections in the 15-to-19-year-old group were in adolescent girls. • About 19% of the estimated 2.1 million new global cases in 2015 occurred in females between the ages of 15 and 24 • Nigeria alone accounts for more than 1/4 of the 150,000 new infections in children last year. The Quote: “Young women are in an age group that is the least likely to have taken an HIV test and know their status. It’s really amazing,” says UNAIDS Executive Director Michel Sidibé. 16

Science Island Epidemic Decades of unchecked mining and militarization in Papua, Indonesia, have resulted in an HIV epidemic linked to a rampant sex trade and inadequate health services. In 2013, Indonesia’s health ministry found the infection rate in the small western province was 20 times that of the national average—and 88% of people infected were unaware of their condition. A key source: Brothels at mining sites where where some 80% of sex workers are estimated to be HIV positive. The epidemic has spawned theories about government-sanctioned extinction of Papua’s indigenous peoples. Meanwhile, Papuan activists are campaigning for independence to regain control of their health and livelihood. IRIN MALARIA Fighting Back Scientists may have discovered a way to kill malaria-transmitting mosquitoes by deploying a drug typically used against typically used against riverblindness and other diseases. The drug ivermectin essentially makes human blood poisonous to mosquitoes. If it is massadministered in malaria-prone regions, it could decimate mosquito populations. Unfortunately, the body metabolizes ivermectin quickly, but Robert Langer of MIT and Giovanni Traverso of Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston have devised an ingenious delivery system to extend the drug’s life. They created a star-shaped device infused with ivermectin that will dissolve in the stomach over the course of 2 weeks. Human trials begin next year. The Economist ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE Bad Birds As demand for animal meat grows in India, so, too, does the prevalence of antimicrobial resistant superbugs in the food chain, reports a new study. Recently, researchers tested 55 farm-raised and 45 free-range chickens at 7 markets in Southern India. 11% of both chicken types carried harmful multi-drug resistant bacteria. That free-range poultry was affected surprised researchers. They suspect those chickens consumed antibiotic-laced feed or were exposed via contaminated food, water or feces. Senior study author Niyaz Ahmed warns, “Unless the use of bacteria-fighting medicines [is] controlled on farms, it’s ‘only a matter of time’ before the germs won’t be stopped by any drug.” Bloomberg News ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH Water Racism Unsafe drinking water is a bigger problem for minority communities in the US than for white 17

communities, suggests a new study from the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. Researchers there found that many black neighborhoods in nearby Wake County rely for their water on wells and septic tanks, which are more susceptible to contamination than municipal water systems. The tap water in these communities is 700 times more likely to have E. coli and 50 times more likely to have coliform bacteria than municipal water used by residents in majority white neighborhoods just miles away. Similar disparities exist elsewhere in the US. Pacific Standard FOREIGN AID Direction Unknown While President-elect Donald Trump’s commitment to global health and development remains unknown, some officials worry his administration could undermine 16 years of US-led progress in global poverty and disease relief. Starting with George W. Bush’s administration, foreign aid for programs addressing AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis has been a rare point of bipartisanship. Raj Kumar, president and editor-in-chief of Devex, fears that could change. “Since [global health and development] has not been a priority for [Trump's] campaign and there are other priorities which are going to cost money like a tax cut, it's entirely possible that some foreign assistance programs will be on the chopping block,” he says. NPR Goats and Soda Blog

SUBSTANCE ABUSE A Moral Test for America A US Surgeon General’s report released today aims to call attention to the magnitude of the epidemic of drug and alcohol addiction in America, where more than 20 million people are addicted yet only 1 in 10 receives treatment. “Facing Addiction,” gathers the latest information on the health impacts of drug and alcohol misuse, issues around treatment and prevention, and research on the neurobiology of addiction, which, the report emphasizes, is a disease, not a moral failing. “I’m calling for a culture change in how we think about addiction,” U.S. Surgeon General Vivek Murthy told the Washington Post. “Unless we eradicate the negative [stereotypes] . . . we won’t create an environment where people feel comfortable coming forward and asking for help.” The Washington Post Malaria: The Net Effect Insecticide-treated bed nets still protect against mosquitoes, despite growing worry over insecticide resistance, according to a study released Wednesday at the ASTMH annual meeting. A 5-year investigation by the WHO, supported by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, found that 18

people using long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) in Benin, Cameroon, India, Kenya, and Sudan—all areas with signs of mosquito resistance to insecticides—showed significantly lower malaria infection rates. The WHO estimates that treated nets accounted for most (69%) of the 663 million malaria infections prevented in sub-Saharan Africa from 2001-2015. “This study provides encouraging news that we have not yet run out of time in battling insecticide resistance,” said Stephen Higgs, president of ASTMH. Still, mosquito resistance remains a critical concern, and the WHO urges investment in the development of new and improved vector control tools. SYRIA WHO Condemns Attacks on Hospitals Following attacks on 5 hospitals in Syria in a 48-hour period earlier this week, the WHO condemned the bombings, demanding that all parties in the conflict respect the safety and neutrality of health workers and facilities. The Numbers: • 3 hospitals in Western Rural Aleppo and 2 hospitals in Idleb were attacked, killing at least 2 people, and wounding 19 there, including 6 medical workers • WHO has documented 126 such attacks in 2016 • All 3 hospitals in Western Rural Aleppo were providing over 10,000 consultations/month • An attack on an Idleb mobile clinic deprives over 3500 patients of basic health care access. In response, the WHO writes, “The pattern of attacks indicates that health care is being deliberately targeted in the Syrian conflict – this is a major violation of international law and a tragic disregard of our common humanity.” WHO Syria’s Hunger The UN reports that 6 years of fighting, weather conditions and the soaring costs of farming have sent food production in Syria plummeting to a record low. In the past 5 years, wheat output has dropped by more than half and the availability of livestock has seen staggering declines, conditions that have led to food insecurity for more than 7 million Syrians. The situation in rebel-held east Aleppo is particularly dire, according to World Food Programme spokeswoman Bettina Luescher. “It is very hard to say how people will be coping there,” she says. Reuters ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE Livestock-Linked Infections Not only do some workers at industrial hog production facilities carry multidrug-resistant staph bacteria in their noses, they may also be developing skin infections from the bacteria, suggests a new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health study. Of the 183 people included in the study, 44% of hog workers and 31% of members of their households tested positive for staph bacteria. Among the hog workers and the children who lived with them, 6% and 11% respectively reported a recent skin and soft tissue infection. 19

Close to half of the bacteria strains carried by hog workers and nearly a third of strains carried by household members were multidrug-resistant. Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health HEALTH SYSTEMS On the Ground Research that takes into account local societal structures, cultural influences, environments, politics and behavior would benefit the international community in tackling the global burden of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), argues Adnan Hyder of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Deaths from NCDs like diabetes are on the rise, and the WHO reports that 86% of the burden comes from low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Hyder says mobile technology is proving valuable in advancing research related to improving the quality and impact of LMICs’ health services. Ultimately, he says, in-country advocates need to be able to devise “locally meaningful” ways to reduce risk factors such as smoking, physical inactivity, and unhealthy diets. Devex NONCOMMUNICABLE DISEASES Smuggling Hope Small-cell lung cancer patients in the US are finding hope in the form of a vaccine smuggled from Cuba. Cimavax, an immunotherapy treatment, stimulates the production of antibodies that bind with Epidermal Growth Factor (EGF), a cancer-causing protein. Trials in Cuba showed consistent but nominal increases in length of life--an additional 3-5 months--in vaccinated patients, with greater benefit to those with elevated levels of EGF. The FDA granted authorization to begin clinical trials in the US last month but it could be years before the vaccine is commercially available. The New York Times NEGLECTED DISEASES Worse Than We Thought Previously believed to be harmless, a filarial worm infection called Loiasis may actually contribute to an increased risk of death, according to a recent Lancet Infectious Diseases study. Affecting over 10 million people in Africa, the infection, also known as “African Eye Worm,” is transmitted through horsefly bites that transfer the Loa loa parasite to the host. The findings come after researchers resurveyed over 3,600 participants involved in a 2001 study of the disease. The researchers found that those who in 2001 had high levels of Loa loa died significantly earlier than those without infection. Overall, 14.5% of the mortality in the group was 20

attributed to Loa loa. DNDi VIOLENCE The Burden of Intimate Partner Violence In Australia, one of the greatest risks to health for women between the ages of 18 and 44 is intimate partner violence, says a new national study published by Australia’s National Research Organization for Women’s Safety (ANROWS). Findings show that 1 in 3 Australian women have experienced abuse—physical, sexual or emotional— by an intimate partner, and while intimate partner violence is ranked the 7th biggest health risk for women, it’s 3rd for Indigenous women and 1st for women of childbearing age. Though ending intimate partner violence is key, this study shows that addressing issues of gender and radicalized inequality will also be integral. Scientific American CONFLICT Standing for Victims in Syria The ongoing Syrian conflict has left Aleppo with only 30 doctors to provide health care to about 300,000 people. M. Zaher Sahloul of the University of Illinois, Chicago, recently traveled to Syria to volunteer at “an underground hospital in a besieged Mideast city” and recalls the horrific conditions faced by physicians and civilians alike. Sahloul is now calling on individuals to organize and demand that political leaders exert moral leadership in the crisis. Doctors, he said, can advocate for action at medical societies and can volunteer in medical missions to help refugees. And everyone, he says, can join the effort to resettle Syrian refugees and donate to charities that are helping victims of the conflict. The Conversation (op-ed) PNEUMONIA The Pneumonia Fumbler Challenge In recognition of World Pneumonia Day on November 12, the International Vaccine Access Center at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health is raising awareness of pneumonia’s toll on children. (It's the leading infectious killer of children under 5 years old worldwide--killing more children than Zika, Ebola, malaria, tuberculosis, and HIV combined.) As part of the day, IVAC is asking you to take the tongue-twisting Pneumonia Fumbler Challenge.





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2016 December Tools for Change CGI Newsletter  
2016 December Tools for Change CGI Newsletter  

I hope you find this issue to be informative and helpful in your work. Please send me any information you’d like posted in upcoming issues....