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Records of Dead Loggerhead Sea Turtles (Caretta caretta Linnaeus, 1758) washed up on the Jaffa Beach, Occupied Palestine between 2010-2013 ‫حاالت العثور على سالحف البحر الضخمة الرأس الميتة على‬ 0202 - 0202 ‫ فلسطين بين األعوام‬، ‫شواطئ مدينة يافا‬ By: Prof. Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa Records of dead Loggerhead Sea Turtles (Caretta caretta Linnaeus, 1758) washed up on the Jaffa Beach, Occupied Palestine was recorded between 2010 -2013.

A Loggerhead Sea Turtle (Caretta caretta Linnaeus, 1758) washed up on the Jaffa Beach, Occupied Palestine on Wednesday 19.05.2010. http://maannews.net/arb/ViewDetails.aspx?ID=285623 Gazelle : The Palestinian Biological Bulletin – Number 114 – June 2014


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‫الصورة العلوٌة ‪ :‬تفاجأ المستحمون فً بحر ٌافا عصر األربعاء ‪ 9151.50191‬حٌنما قذفت األمواج‬ ‫سلحفاة بحر كبٌرة إلى الشاطئ‪ ،‬وبدأ عدد من األطفال ٌبتعدون من المكان خوفا ً منها حٌث اقترب المنقذ‬ ‫البحري من السلحفاة‪ ،‬وبعد أن قال انه ٌوجد فً المكان سلحفاة بحر كبٌرة؛ ترك العشرات من المستحمون‬ ‫‪.‬المٌاه وتجمعوا حول السلحفاة للنظر إلٌها‬ ‫واتضح أن السلحفاة السوداء كانت مٌتة لكن عدد من المستحمٌن بدأ بالتقاط الصور للسلحفاة‪ ،‬ولدقائق‬ ‫طوٌلة نسً المستحمون البحر والمٌاه وبقوا متجمهرٌن حولها (وكالة معا ً اإلخبارٌة ‪. )9151.50191 ،‬‬

‫‪A Loggerhead Sea Turtle (Caretta caretta Linnaeus, 1758) washed up on the Jaffa‬‬ ‫‪North Beach, Occupied Palestine on Friday 20.07.2012.‬‬ ‫‪http://www.panet.co.il/online/articles/1/2/S-571852,1,2.html‬‬

‫‪Gazelle : The Palestinian Biological Bulletin – Number 114 – June 2014‬‬


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‫‪A Loggerhead Sea Turtle (Caretta caretta Linnaeus, 1758) washed up on the Jaffa‬‬ ‫‪North Beach, Occupied Palestine on Friday 20.07.2012.‬‬ ‫‪http://www.panet.co.il/online/articles/1/2/S-571852,1,2.html‬‬ ‫الصور األربعة العلوٌة والصورتان السفلٌتان ‪ :‬ذكر شهود عٌان لمراسل موقع بانٌت وصحٌفة بانوراما أن‬ ‫عدداً من المواطنٌن على شاطئ بحر مدٌنة ٌافا الشمالً عثروا على سلحفاة بحرٌة ضخمة نافقة فً ٌوم‬ ‫الجمعة ‪ ، 0151.50190‬حٌث قام المواطنون باٌالغ طواقم البلدٌة والتً بدورها قامت بإستدعاء طاقم‬ ‫مختص من قبل معهد العلوم البحري للثدٌات ‪5‬‬ ‫وقد قام الطاقم المختص بعلوم الثدٌات البحرٌة بأخذ عٌنة من السلحفاة الضخمة إلجراء األبحاث علٌها ‪،‬‬ ‫وقال أحد المختصٌن أن السلحفاة كبٌرة فً السن ‪ ،‬ومن المرجح أنها خرجت للشاطئ لوضع البٌض‬ ‫(موقع بانٌت ‪5 )0151.50190 ،‬‬

‫‪Gazelle : The Palestinian Biological Bulletin – Number 114 – June 2014‬‬


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A Loggerhead Sea Turtle (Caretta caretta Linnaeus, 1758) washed up on the Jaffa North Beach, Occupied Palestine on Friday 20.07.2012. http://www.panet.co.il/online/articles/1/2/S-571852,1,2.html

A Loggerhead Sea Turtle (Caretta caretta Linnaeus, 1758) washed up on the Jaffa North Beach, Occupied Palestine on Friday 20.07.2012. http://www.panet.co.il/online/articles/1/2/S-571852,1,2.html

Gazelle : The Palestinian Biological Bulletin – Number 114 – June 2014


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A Loggerhead Sea Turtle (Caretta caretta Linnaeus, 1758) washed up on the Jaffa Beach, Occupied Palestine on Thursday 08.08.2013. http://yomnet.net/Show.php?page=News&id=23766 ‫ حٌث‬5‫ قذفت األمواج صباح الٌوم الخمٌس إلى شاطئ بحر ٌافا سلحفاة بحر كبٌرة‬: ‫الصورتان العلوٌتان‬

. )1.51.50190 ، ‫تجمهر المارة فً المكان (موقع ٌافا الٌوم‬

Gazelle : The Palestinian Biological Bulletin – Number 114 – June 2014


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A Loggerhead Sea Turtle (Caretta caretta Linnaeus, 1758) washed up on the Jaffa Beach, Occupied Palestine on Thursday 08.08.2013. http://www.yaffa48.com/?mod=articles&ID=10730 Gazelle : The Palestinian Biological Bulletin – Number 114 – June 2014


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‫ بعض الصور لسلحفاة بحرٌة كبٌرة قذفت بها أمواج البحر على شاطئ‬8. ‫ وصل موقع ٌافا‬: ‫الصورتان العلوٌتان‬ ‫ حٌث احتشد فً المكان عدد من المواطنٌن‬،1.51.50190 ‫ناخوم جولدمان بمدٌنة ٌافا وذلك صباح الخمٌس‬ .‫لمشاهدة السلحفاة‬ ‫وقد قام بعض المواطنٌن بحمل السلحفاة وإعادتها إلى البحر بعد أن علقت على رمال الشاطئ لمدة تزٌد عن‬ .)9151.50190 ، 8. ‫الساعتٌن (موقع ٌافا‬

References and Internet Websites Animal Diversity Web. Caretta caretta Loggerhead. http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Caretta_caretta/ Arkive. Loggerhead Turtle (Caretta caretta). http://www.arkive.org/loggerheadturtle/caretta-caretta/ Dunya Al Watan ‫( دنيا الوطن‬30.08.2013). Animal World: In Pictures .. Catching a great turtle on the Coast of Gaza Sea. ‫ إصطياد سلحفاة عمالقة على شاطئ بحر غزة‬.. ‫بالصور‬ Photo by: Ihab Fasfous. (in Arabic). http://www.alwatanvoice.com/arabic/news/2013/08/30/430500.html Eckert, K. L. and S. A. Eckert (1990). Embryo mortality and hatch success in in situ and translocated leatherback sea turtle (Dermochelys coriacea) eggs. Biol. Cons. 53:37-46. I.C.S.E.M. (1986). Proc. Working Group on Mediterranean Marine Turtles, Palma de Majorca, October 1986. Intl. Council for the Scientific Exploration of the Mediterranean, Monaco. Khalaf, Norman Ali Bassam (1980). Tabie’t Al-Talawon fi Al-Haywanat (The Colouration of Animals). Al-Biology Bulletin. Number 1. January 1980, Safar 1401. Biological Society, Kuwait University, State of Kuwait. pp. 4-5. (In Arabic). Khalaf, N.A.B. (1986). The Schooling of Sumatra Barbs (Barbus tetrazona tetrazona) and Minnows (Phoxinus phoxinus). Dissertation, Master of Science in Ecology, Departments of Zoology and Botany, University of Durham, England. September 1986. pps. 59 + iv. Khalaf-von Jaffa, Norman Ali Bassam (1991). A Trip to Zoo Budapest, Hungary. Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. Bonn-Bad Godesberg, Federal Republic of Germany. Number 21, Ninth Year, January 1991. pp. 1-4. Khalaf-von Jaffa, Norman Ali Bassam (1992). An Introduction to the Animal Life in Palestine. Gazelle. Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. Bonn-Bad Godesberg, Federal Republic of Germany. Number 30, Tenth Year, October 1992. pp. 1-7. (In Arabic). Khalaf-von Jaffa, Norman Ali Bassam (1994). An Introduction to the Animal Life in Palestine. Shqae’q Al-Nouma’n (Anemone coronaria). A Quarterly Magazine Issued by the Program EAI (Education for Awareness and for Involvement). Environmental Education / Children for Nature Protection. In Cooperation with Dept. of General and Higher Education. P.L.O., Palestine. Number 4. Huzairan Gazelle : The Palestinian Biological Bulletin – Number 114 – June 2014


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(June) 1994. pp. 16-21. (In Arabic). Khalaf, Norman Ali Bassam (2001). The Extinct and Endangered Animals in Palestine. In: Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin Home Page. Extinct and Endangered Animals and Reintroduction. http://gazelle.8m.net/photo3.html Khalaf-von Jaffa, Norman Ali (2004). Gazelle: Das Palästinensische Biologische Bulletin. Eine Wissenschaftliche Reise in Palästina, Arabien und Europa zwischen 1983 – 2004. / Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. A Scientific Journey in Palestine, Arabia and Europe between 1983 – 2004. ISBN 3-00-0141219. Erste Auflage / First Edition, Juli 2004: 452 Seiten / Pages. Zweite erweiterte Auflage (Second Extended Edition), August 2004: 460 Seiten / Pages. Norman Ali Khalaf, Bonn-Bad Godesberg, Germany. http://dr-norman-ali-khalafbooks.webs.com/ Khalaf-von Jaffa, Norman Ali (2005). Jaffa (Yaffa): The History of an Old Palestinian Arab City on the Mediterranean Sea. Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. Number 39, Twenty-third Year, March 2005. pp. 7-8. Khalaf-von Jaffa, Norman Ali (2005). The Andromeda Sea Monster of Jaffa. Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. Number 39, Twenty-third Year, March 2005. pp. 8. Khalaf-von Jaffa, Norman Ali (2005). Aquatica Arabica. An Aquatic Scientific Journey in Palestine, Arabia and Europe between 1980 - 2005 / Aquatica Arabica. Eine Aquatische Wissenschaftliche Reise in Palästina, Arabien und Europa zwischen 1980 - 2005. ISBN 3-00-014835-3. Erste Auflage / First Edition, August 2005: 376 Seiten / Pages. Norman Ali Khalaf, Rilchingen-Hanweiler, Bundesrepublik Deutschland & Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. http://drnorman-ali-khalaf-books.webs.com/aquaticaarabica.htm Khalaf-von Jaffa, Norman Ali (2005). The Rafah Zoo in the Rafah Refugee Camp, Gaza Strip, Palestine : A Story of Destruction by the Israeli Occupation Army. Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. Number 46, Twenty-third Year, October 2005, Ramadan 1426. pp. 1-11. Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. (In Arabic). Khalaf-von Jaffa, Norman Ali Bassam (2005). The Qalqilia Zoo and the Natural History Museum in the City of Qalqilia, West Bank, Occupied Palestine. Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. Number 47, Twenty-third Year, November 2005, Shawal 1426. pp. 1-10. Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. (In Arabic). Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (Gründer) (seit Juni 2007). Yahoo! Deutschland Group: Fauna Palaestina. http://de.groups.yahoo.com/group/Fauna_Palaestina/ Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (Gründer) (seit September 2007). Yahoo! Deutschland Group: Fauna Arabica. http://de.groups.yahoo.com/group/Fauna_Arabica/ Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2007). Haywanat Gazelle : The Palestinian Biological Bulletin – Number 114 – June 2014


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Filistin (Fauna of Palestine). Wikipedia, Al-Mawsu'a Al-Hurra (The Free Encyclopedia). Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. Number 69, Twentyfifth Year, September 2007 CE, Sha’ban 1428 AH. pp. 1-4. (in Arabic). http://ar.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D8%AD%D9%8A%D9%88%D8%A7%D9%86% D8%A7%D8%AA_%D9%81%D9%84%D8%B3%D8%B7%D9%8A%D9%86 Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2007). Whale Sharks in Palestinian Waters: A Whale Shark (Rhincodon typus, Smith 1828) rescued near the Tantura Beach, Carmel Coast, North Palestine: The First Record from the Palestinian Mediterranean Coast. Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. Number 71, November 2007. pp. 22-23. Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. (Abstracts in English and Arabic). http://whale-shark.webs.com/ Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2007). Whale Sharks in Palestinian Waters: Whale Sharks (Rhincodon typus, Smith 1828) near Um Al-Rashrash (Eilat) Beach, Gulf of Aqaba, South Palestine: First Records from the Palestinian Red Sea Coast. Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. Number 71, November 2007. pp. 23-26. Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. (Abstract in English and Arabic). http://whale-shark.webs.com/ Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2007). An Ocean Sunfish or Common Mola (Mola mola, Linnaeus 1758) caught off the coast of Gaza: The First Record from Palestine, East Mediterranean Sea. Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. Number 72, December 2007, pp. 1-16. (Abstracts in English and Arabic). http://www.geocities.com/jaffacity/Gaza_Ocean_Sunfish.html Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2008). Cetacea Palaestina: The Whales and Dolphins in Palestinian Waters. Cetacean Species Guide for Palestine. Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. Number 83, November 2008, Thu Al-Qi’ada 1429 AH. pp. 1-14. Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. http://cetacea-palaestina.webs.com/ Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2009). Flora and Fauna in Palestine. Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. ISSN 0178 – 6288. Number 91, July 2009, Rajab 1430 AH. pp. 1-31. Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. http://flora-fauna-palestine.webs.com/ Khalaf-von Jaffa, Dr. Norman Ali Bassam (2009). Fauna Palaestina – Part One. A Zoological Journey in Palestine, Arabia and Europe between 1983 – 2006 / Fauna Palaestina – Teil Eins. Eine Zoologische Reise in Palästina, Arabien und Europa zwischen 1983 – 2006. ISBN 978-9948-03-865-8. Erste Auflage/First Edition, September 2009: 412 Seiten/Pages. Self Publisher: Dr. Norman Ali Bassam Khalaf-von Jaffa, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates & Rilchingen-Hanweiler, Bundesrepublik Deutschland. http://dr-norman-ali-khalafbooks.webs.com/faunapalaestinapart1.htm Khalaf-von Jaffa, Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2010). Fauna Emiratus Part One. Zoological Studies in the United Arab Emirates between 2004 - 2009. / Fauna Emiratus – Teil Eins. Zoologische Studien in die Vereinigten Arabischen Gazelle : The Palestinian Biological Bulletin – Number 114 – June 2014


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Emirate zwischen 2004 - 2009. ISBN 978-9948-15-462-4. Erste Auflage/First Edition, November 2010: 350 Seiten / Pages. Self Publisher: Dr. Norman Ali Bassam Khalaf-von Jaffa, Dubai and Sharjah, United Arab Emirates & Rilchingen-Hanweiler, Bundesrepublik Deutschland. http://dr-norman-ali-khalaf-books.webs.com/faunaemiratuspart1.htm Khalaf-von Jaffa, Dr. Norman Ali Bassam (2012). Fauna Palaestina – Part Two. Zoological Studies in Palestine between 1983 – 2009 / Fauna Palaestina - Teil Zwei. Zoologische Studien in Palästina zwischen 1983 – 2009. ISBN 978-9948-16667-2. 1. Auflage / First Edition : July 2012, Shaaban 1433 H. 208 Seiten / Pages (Arabic Part 120 Pages and the English Part 88 Pages). Publisher: Dar Al Jundi Publishing House, Jerusalem, Palestine. http://dr-norman-ali-khalafbooks.webs.com/faunapalaestinapart2.htm Khalaf-von Jaffa, Dr. Norman Ali Bassam (2013). Fauna Palaestina – Part Three. Zoological Studies in Palestine between 2005 – 2012 / Fauna Palaestina - Teil Drei. Zoologische Studien in Palästina zwischen 2005 – 2012. ISBN 978-9950-383-35-7. Erste Auflage / First Edition : July 2013, Shaaban 1434 H. 364 pages (English Part 350 Pages and the Arabic Part 14 Pages). Publisher: Dar Al Jundi Publishing House, Jerusalem, State of Palestine. http://dr-norman-ali-khalafbooks.webs.com/faunapalaestinapart3.htm Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Prof. Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2013). The Bycatch of a Loggerhead Sea Turtle (Caretta caretta Linnaeus, 1758) in a fishing net on the Gaza Coast, Gaza, State of Palestine. Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. ISSN 0178 – 6288. Number 108, December 2013, Safar 1435 AH. pp. 1-25. Dubai and Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. http://marine-lifepalestine.webs.com/loggerhead-sea-turtle-gaza-1 Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Prof. Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2014). Records of Dead Loggerhead Sea Turtles (Caretta caretta Linnaeus, 1758) washed up on the Jaffa Beach, Occupied Palestine between 2010-2013. Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. ISSN 0178 – 6288. Number 114, June 2014, Sha’ban 1435 AH. pp. 1-11. Dubai and Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. http://marine-lifepalestine.webs.com/loggerhead-sea-turtle-jaffa Kuler, Z. (1990). Summary of the 1989 annual sea turtle nesting survey. Nature Reserves Authority, Central Region, Israel. 10 pp. (in Hebrew). National Geographic. Loggerhead Sea Turtle Caretta caretta. http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/reptiles/loggerhead-seaturtle/ NOAA Fisheries. Office of Protected Resources. Loggerhead Turtle (Caretta caretta). http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/species/turtles/loggerhead.htm Sea Turtles 911. Loggerhead Sea Turtle. http://www.seaturtles911.org/turtle/loggerhead.htm Sella, I. (1982). Sea turtles in the eastern Mediterranean and northern Red Sea, p. 417-423. In: Biology and Conservation of Sea Turtles (K. A. Bjorndal, ed.). Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. Gazelle : The Palestinian Biological Bulletin – Number 114 – June 2014


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Silberstein, D. (1988). The physical conditions prevailing in nests of the loggerhead sea turtle (Caretta caretta) and their effect on egg development. Master of Science thesis, Dept. of Zool., Tel Aviv University. 71 pp. (in Hebrew with English summary). Silberstein, Dalia and Razi Dmi'el (1991). Loggerhead Sea Turtle Nesting in Israel. Marine Turtle Newsletter 53:17-18, 1991. http://www.seaturtle.org/mtn/archives/mtn53/mtn53p17.shtml Soffer, A. 1988. Sea turtles nesting in Haifa - Caesarea beach. Nature Reserves Authority, Jerusalem, Israel. 31 pp. (in Hebrew). Wikipedia. Loggerhead Sea Turtle. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Loggerhead_sea_turtle )9151.50191( ‫األمواج تقذف سلحفاة بحر بطول متر على شاطئ بحر ٌافا‬ http://maannews.net/arb/ViewDetails.aspx?ID=285623 )0151.50190( ‫العثور على سلحفاة بحرٌة ضخمة على شاطىء ٌافا‬ ‫من حسٌن العبرة مراسل موقع بانٌت وصحٌفة بانوراما‬ http://www.panet.co.il/online/articles/1/2/S-571852,1,2.html )0151.50190( ‫العثور على سلحفاة بحرٌة ضخمة على شاطىء ٌافا‬ http://yoomyoom.com/News-72 )1.51.50190( ‫العثور على سلحفاة بحرٌة كبٌرة مٌتة على شاطئ بحر ٌافا‬ http://yomnet.net/Show.php?page=News&id=23766 )9151.50190( ‫ األمواج تقذف سلحفاة بحرٌة ضخمة على شاطئ ناخوم جولدمان‬:‫بالصور‬ http://www.yaffa48.com/?mod=articles&ID=10730 ‫أهم الزواحف فً فلسطٌن‬ http://www.wafainfo.ps/atemplate.aspx?id=2381 )185185011.( ‫غزٌون ٌأكلون سلحفاة مهددة باإلنقراض‬ http://www.al-arabeya.net/articles/?artid=87636 ‫ نورمان (نعمان) علً بسام خلف الٌافاوي‬5‫د‬5‫ أ‬: ‫حٌوانات فلسطٌن بقلم‬ http://ar.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D8%AD%D9%8A%D9%88%D8%A7%D9%86%D8 %A7%D8%AA_%D9%81%D9%84%D8%B3%D8%B7%D9%8A%D9%86

Gazelle : The Palestinian Biological Bulletin – Number 114 – June 2014


Records of Dead Loggerhead Sea Turtles (Caretta caretta) washed up on the Jaffa Beach, Palestine