DANNY_TRUONG DESIGN_STUDIO_AIR JOURNAL
JOURNAL_OVERVIEW PART 01 _ EXPRESSION OF INTEREST 0101 CASE FOR INNOVATION 010101 ARCHITECTURE AS DISCOURSE 010102 COMPUTING IN ARCHITECTURE 010103 PARAMETRIC MODELLING 0102 RESEARCH PROJECT 010201 SCOPE OF POSSIBILITIES 01020101 EXPERIMENTS 01020102 MATRIX 01020103 REVERSE-ENGINEERED CASE-STUDY 01020104 MATERIAL EFFECTS 01020105 ASSEMBLY METHODS 010202 RESEARCH PROJECT CONCLUSIONS
0103 EXPRESSION OF INTEREST CONCLUSION: COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE 0104 LEARNING OBJECTIVES AND OUTCOMES: INTERIM
PART 02 _ PROJECT PROPOSAL 0201 PROJECT INTERPRETATION 0202 PROJECT DELIVERY 0203 PROJECT PRESENTATION 0204 PROJECT PROPOSAL CONCLUSION PART 03 _ LEARNING OBJECTIVES AND OUTCOMES: FINAL 0301 PERSONAL BACKGROUND AND LEARNING OBJECTIVES 0302 LEARNING PROGRESS 0303 LEARNING OUTCOMES
PART 01 EXPRESSION_OF_INTEREST
0101 CASE FOR INNOVATION
010101 ARCHITECTURE AS DISCOURSE PERSONAL PROJECT Danny Truong STUDIO WATER BOATHOUSE
Below is my project inspired by Frank Lloyd Wright’s principle of Organic Architecture, the epitome of which is hiis masterpiece known as Fallingwater. What appeals to me about his philosophy of design is the way it draws on the idea of nature and how well his buildings consider materiality and integrate with site. 01
For the final gateway project I’d like to draw on these ideas of nature and materiality to create something which fits well within the context of the Princes Freeway and the context of the Wyndham community.
010101 ARCHITECTURE AS DISCOURSE STATE OF THE ART PROJECT Bjarke Ingels Group THE 5 PILLARS OF BAWADI
This project by BIG architects called ‘The Five Pillars of Bawadi’ is an example vernacular design combined with modern execution. The desert context has resulted in a resverse skyscraper typology to resolve the combintation of harsh heat with thin glass. 04 The Gateway project like all other design briefs come with constraints, much of BIG’s work and success comes from how they view these constraints as drivers for architectural form.
By analysing the limited availability of land by the freeway, height restrictions, access and views; we can input these factors as variables of design to develop a form that fulfills all these spatial requirements. This turns something that is often considered a burden, into a determinate of functionality and incentive for design outcomes.
010101 ARCHITECTURE AS DISCOURSE STATE OF THE ART PROJECT Michael Pawlyn THE EDEN PROJECT
â€œThere is a world of beauty and efficiency to be explored here, using nature as a design tool.â€? 07 Michael Pawlyn was central to The Eden Project (pictured) which drew structural inspiration from carbon molecules. The result is an extremely efficient superstructure that weighs less than the air contained within the structure. 08 Thorough research of nature for structural and/ or design solutions will be extremely useful to designers. It allows for aesthetically pleasing and functional design that draws from organisms iteratively perfected through the process of evolution.
Economically, efficient structures means cost cutting on materials and on foundation/footing systems. This allows us to consider and respect budget constraints that are tied to the Gateway Project while achieving a design that derives from the natural environment.
010102 COMPUTING IN ARCHITECTURE GRASSHOPPER + KANGAROO rvtr RESONANT CHAMBER
RESONANT CHAMBER was the outcome of a research initiative at the University of Michigan’s Taubman College of Architecture and Urban Planning + rvtr. It is described as an “interior envelope” that uses the principles of origami alter the acoustic environment via dynamic spatial, material, and electro-acoustic technologies. 10 The form was modelled in Rhino 4.0 with the Grasshopper plug-in to eventuate in performative geometric configurations. Kangaroo was also utilised to to script and simulate activity between the joints and applied forces.11 The project shows the expansive and innovative potential that lies in computational tools like Grasshopper and Kangaroo. Making use of state of the art technologies will ensure Wydnham gets a proposal that truly reflects their status as a modern and forward thinking Victorian city.
010102 COMPUTING IN ARCHITECTURE NURBS + CNC Zaha Hadid Architects ELASTIKA
This installation was done by Zaha Hadid Architects in the Moore Building of Miami back in 2005. The project is known as ELASTIKA and is an attempt to push the envelope on design, creating a dynamic tension between the more traditional Cartesian layout. The intent was to express a new understanding of architecture, geometry, materiality, and structure. 18 The form was generated using a NURBS surface modeller. In order to manufacture the design, it had to be sculpted by a CNC milling machine. 19 These new techniques of computation design have opened architects to the realm of digital generative modelling and digital fabrication through â€œfile-to-factoryâ€? processes that are cost effective and efficient in producing dynamic outcomes that should be applied to fulfill the economic and social requirements of the Wyndham project. 20
010103 PARAMETRIC MODELLING DATASCAPING MVRDV GWANGGYO POWER CENTRE
Pictured is the Gwanggyo Power Centre by Dutch Architects, MVRDV. The firm is renowned for their use of datascapes in generating architectural design. Simply put, the form is driven by factors such as programme, light, ventilation, heat gain, economic constraints, city regulations, energy constraints. This is a modern approach to design thinking that moves away from “making form” to “finding form”. Datascaping is facilitated through parametric modelling that allows for factors, which were short listed above, to be quantified and used to drive an architectural design.
0102 RESEARCH PROJECT
010201 SCOPE OF POSSIBILITIES 01020101 EXPERIMENTS
This parametric model was the result of two Overlapping Patterns which were Associated with an Image Sampler of a Jelly Fish, and an Attractor point that decreased radii of the circles in close proximity, respectively. In relation to Kalay’s reading, the result was a mixture of both ‘puzzle making’ and ‘problem solving’. The puzzle making aspect was about trying to test the capabilities of the given definitions. I found the problem solving aspect kicked in when I started manipulating the form to achieve a desired effect, for example by changing the image or altering the surface so it undulates.
010201 SCOPE OF POSSIBILITIES 01020101 EXPERIMENTS
Utilising the Arbitrary Points Input, Image Sampler Technique and Data Driven Rotation Output helped inform this parametric model. By this stage of experimentation I was rather tired of grasshopper churning out circular geometry so I decided extract data from the aforementioned components to generate curves and bezier spans that would be rotated on an axis to result in the following radial mass of curves. I felt this exercise had more emphasis on ‘puzzle making’ than ‘problem solving’ because I didn’t really have a design goal in mind, it was more about seeing what grasshopper was doing as components were added and responding to those conditions with slight pushes towards an undefined end point.
NEW EXPERIMENT COMING SOON
010201 SCOPE OF POSSIBILITIES 01020102 MATRIX
1 ARBITRARY POINTS
2 Change Image 3 Associate Attractor Point 4 Associate Attractor Curve 5 Output Sphere Geometry 6 Rotate Geometry on Axis 7 SURFACE GRIDS 8 Data Driven Rotation 9 Associate Curve Attractor 10 Rationalising Set Data 11 Streaming Text File 12 Rotate & Extrude 13 BOOLEAN PATTERNING 14 Associate Attractor Point 15 Math Function 16 New Math Function 17 Associate Attractor Curve 18 Reference Non-Planar Srf
HEXAGONAL GRID 19 Associate Attractor Point 20 Streaming Text File 21 Line Through Centers 22
Jitter Lines 23 Overlap Lines 24 OVERLAPPING PATTERN 25 Change Images 26
Image & Math Function 27 Curve Attractor & Math 28 Math Func. & Stream Txt 29 Rotate3D & Cone Geo 30
EXPLICIT GRIDS (RecGrid)31 Associate Image 32 Input Hexagonal Grid 33 Associate Math Function 34 Associate Attractor Curve 35
36 010201 SCOPE OF POSSIBILITIES
Output Colour Shading 36
RESEARCH PROJECT CASE STUDY
What appeals to me about the BANQ restaurant case study is how itâ€™s an amalgamation of simplicity and complexity. Space is created through the unity of curvatious contours which seem to suspend from the ceiling, directly going against the regularity and bore of a tradition boxed room. The effect is of course only achieved quantity which, as one panel on its own would not result in the same effect. This notion may be attractive as a design intent if we can relate the unity of multiple panels to the community values of togetherness which surely reside in Wyndham and drove their success as Melbourneâ€™s fastest growing city.
Another aspect of this case study was how the curve profiles meet the ground in order to conceal structural elements like columns. I began to wonder if this could somehow be parametrically modeled so that this design could be easily adjusted in the event a structural engineer came along and decided a new column had to be inserted in x location, therefore the curve profiles would have to be altered too. Using a surface grid of points and an image sampler, I began drawing images that had gradients of black (point on the ceiling) and white (ground level). Sampling black and white images from online also helped drive some more interesting
outputs that can be seen above in a small matrix of outcomes. The series evoked a sense of nature with their correlations to stalactite and mountain formations. Another link to the final project could be looking to their natural topography to drive a design that symbolises the foundation and presence of the city. I was fairly happy with the products of this stage of experimentation, but what was more thrilling was coming up with the grasshopper definition that drove all these outcomes. It really highlights the power of parametrics as a design tool and as a useful method for experimenation.
RESEARCH PROJECT CUT PROJECT
This is the first model of our groupâ€™s CUT PROJECT that is a mixture of the BANQ restaurant case study, Dior building and the use of overlapping patterns definition provided to us for this research task.
REFERENCES 01 James M. Dennis and Lu B. Wenneker, ‘Ornamentation and the Organic Architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright’, Art Journal, Vol. 25, No. 1 (Autumn, 1965), 4 02 “Fallingwater In Summer” http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/f/ff/Fallingwater_in_Summer.jpg 03 http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_YLHnWQ7APPw/TT0CXAOJFBI/AAAAAAAAABg/13hlE47vgTE/s1600/12.jpg 04 BIG A/S, ‘YES IS MORE’, Denmark, Taschen, 2010 05 The 5 Pillars of Bawadi, http://www.big.dk/projects/baw/ 06 http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e6/Eden_project_tropical_biome.jpg 07 TEDtalksDirector, ‘Michael Pawlyn: Using nature’s genius in architecture’, http://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=3QZp6smeSQA 08 ibid. 09 http://planningblog.planningresource.co.uk/files/eden-project1.jpg 10 rvtr, 2012, ‘Resonant Chamber’, http://rvtr.com/research/resonant-chamber/ 11 Alison Furuto, 2012, Archdaily, ‘Resonant Chamber / rvtr’, http://www.archdaily.com/227233/resonant-chamber-rvtr/ 12 rvtr, 2012, ‘Resonant Chamber’, http://rvtr.com/research/resonant-chamber/ 13 ibid. 14 Alison Furuto, 2012, Archdaily, ‘Resonant Chamber / rvtr’, http://www.archdaily.com/227233/resonant-chamber-rvtr/rc_02/ 15 Zaha Hadid Architects, 2005, ELASTIKA, http://zha.blob.core.windows.net/zha/wp-content/files_mf/cache/th_ 65d1300db123ce22f6e2569fb36764f8_elastica_by_zahahadid_1.jpg 16 Zaha Hadid Architects, 2005, ELASTIKA, http://zha.blob.core.windows.net/zha/wp-content/files_mf/cache/th_ 65d1300db123ce22f6e2569fb36764f8_acr7b.jpg 17 Zaha Hadid Architects, 2005, ELASTIKA, http://zha.blob.core.windows.net/zha/wp-content/files_mf/cache/th_ 65d1300db123ce22f6e2569fb36764f8_dsc_0080.jpg 18 Zaha Hadid Architects, 2005, ELASTIKA, http://www.zaha-hadid.com/design/elastika/ 19 ibid. 20 Burry, Mark (2011). Scripting Cultures: Architectural Design and Programming (Chichester: Wiley), pp. 8