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Ancestry Report W hat b re eds make u p Annie? The picture below shows the breeds detected in Annie. The relative size of the breed image shows the amount of each breed detected in our analysis. There are also signals from other breeds which are not strong enough to identify with confidence. How can these faint signals occur? There are two possibilities. First, your dog could have mixed-breed ancestors beyond three generations back. A second reason is that our test may not yet cover one of the breeds in your dog’s ancestry.

Boxer

Old English Sheepdog*

Beagle

Annie * Minor amount detected at low confidence. These results are not included in accuracy calculations.

How to interp ret you r dog's results When reading your report, keep in mind that all physical traits of the breeds found may not always be apparent in your dog. Why? Because a mixed-breed dog’s appearance varies depending on the overall mix of breeds found and the specific genes inherited from each of those breeds. When dominant and recessive genes combine from the different breeds across the generations, unique and unpredictable combinations can occur. This is a big reason why your dog is unique and may not exhibit the physical traits of each breed. Significant Breed - At least 50% of your dog’s DNA matches this breed, so you are likely to see some physical and behavioral traits from this breed represented unless some of the genes are recessive. Intermediate Breed - At least 25% of your dog’s DNA matches this breed, so you may see some physical and behavioral traits represented in your dog. Minor Breed - At least 12.5% of your dog’s DNA matches this breed, but at this level, it is unlikely that this breed’s physical traits are visually represented unless some of the genes are dominant.


Beagle Height: 13 - 16 in Weight (Show):

Beagle

20 - 30 lb Weight (Pet): 17 - 37 lb Ears:

Muzzle:

Tail:

The Beagle is a long-established breed, descending from the Foxhound, the Harrier and the Kerry Beagle. They were most commonly used for hunting hare, quail and pheasant, although nowadays they also make excellent family dogs and have even been used in police work. The origin of the Beagle’s name is debated. Some people believe the name derives from the Celtic word “beag,” which means “small” or from the French word “begle,” which means “useless” or “of little value.” The Beagle was introduced to the United States in the 1860’s and the breed was officially recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1885.

Do you recognize any of these Beagle traits in ANNIE? Happy or gentle nature, and usually friendly dogs; although some have high energy levels.

Beagles seem to enjoy dog sports such as tracking, hunting, agility, rally and competitive obedience.

Respond well to reward-based training involving treats or favorite toys.

Chasing wildlife or barking may impair bonding.


Boxer Height: 21 - 25 in Weight (Show):

Boxer

55 - 66 lb Weight (Pet): 49 - 77 lb Ears:

Muzzle:

Tail:

The history of the Boxer dates back to nineteenth century Germany, where they were used for hunting deer and boar. The ancestors of the Boxer include the Bullenbeiszer and the Barenbeiszer, which are now both extinct. The crossing of those breeds with the English Bulldogs of the 1830’s resulted in the Boxer as we know it today. Boxers were bred to be hunting dogs and they earned their name from the “boxing” pose they are known to take when standing on their hind legs. Later in the breed’s development, it was made apparent that they were also well-suited for herding and the Boxer was used in more than a few circus acts due to its ability to learn tricks quickly and perform them on command. The popularity of Boxers started to increase rapidly in the 1860’s when the German Boxer Klub was founded. At the turn of the twentieth century the Boxer made its way to the United States and the American Kennel Club recognized the Boxer as a breed in 1904.

Do you recognize any of these Boxer traits in ANNIE? Intelligent, hard working, and playful dogs, with a high amount of energy.

Boxers seem to enjoy dog sports such as agility, flyball, rally and competitive obedience.

Eager to learn and respond well to reward-based training using treats and favorite toys.

Tendency to jump up on people, sometimes boxing with their front feet when doing so.


Old English She epdog Height: 22 - 25 in

Old English Sheepdog

Weight (Show): 60 - 90 lb Weight (Pet): 57 - 100 lb Ears:

Muzzle:

Tail:

The Old English Sheepdog was bred to be a sheep herder in the English counties of Cornwall, Devon and Somerset during the 1700’s. The large size of the breed is suited to its job of herding sheep on the rugged terrain of south-western England during harsh weather conditions and protecting the sheep from predators. The Old English Sheepdog is intelligent enough to pace itself while herding and knows when to chase a predator and when to guard the flock. The breed’s background is a mystery, though there are numerous theories about its ancestors, including origin in England, Scotland, France and even Russia. Traditionally, they were sheared annually, just like the sheep. In the late 1880’s, a prominent Pittsburgh industrialist by the name of Wade first started promoting the Old English Sheepdog in the US, and the dog’s popularity grew in higher social classes. It was first registered by the American Kennel Club in 1888.

Do you recognize any of these Old English Sheepdog traits in ANNIE? Intelligent, active, playful, and usually friendly dogs.

Good family dog.

Old English Sheepdogs enjoy dog sports such as agility, herding, retrieving, and obedience.

May be stubborn, but this may be reduced by using motivational tools such as treats and favorite toys in reward-based training.


T hank you for cho osing Wisdom Panel Insights to learn abou t you r dog’s family ancest ry We hope that the breeds detected in Annie will help you better understand and care for your dog. We encourage you to spend some quality time with Annie, examining size, appearance and unique personality traits that might be influenced by the breeds uncovered. We recommend discussing your dog’s ancestry report with your veterinarian, as he or she can help you use your Wisdom Panel Insights report to help better care for Annie. The next time you visit your veterinarian, consider asking these questions in addition to any you come up with on your own: • Are there any specific issues that may be relevant to my dog’s well-being? • Are there any special techniques that may help in training a dog with this particular mix? • Are there any particular dietary considerations to bear in mind for a dog like mine?

Becaus e you love you r dog – Share his story! Join our online community of mixed-breed dog owners and share your dog’s Wisdom Panel Insights report with the world. On our website you can: • Register your dog and upload photos into our Wisdom Panel photo gallery • Get help to show off your dog’s breed profile on your blog, Dogster page, Facebook and MySpace profiles

Visit wisdompanelinsights.com and use the details below to create your dog’s profile:

Owner Name: Sonja Bittner Test Report Code: 3000006378

More insight Learning more about the history of the breeds detected in Annie can help you and your veterinarian better train, feed and care for your dog. Visit our online Breed Library at wisdompanelinsights.com.

TERMS AND CONDITIONS: Each dog is unique and their physical and behavioral traits will be the result of multiple factors, including genetics, training, handling, and environment. Wisdom Panel™ Insights proprietary genetic analysis provides insight into the behavioral traits in breeds that have been identified in your dog. Wisdom Panel Insights is designed and intended to be used solely to identify the genetic makeup of a mixed-breed dog and no other purpose is intended, authorized, or permitted. Upon receipt of your sample, Mars Veterinary will analyze your dog’s DNA to determine the breeds present in your dog’s ancestry with a reasonable degree of certainty. Mars Veterinary’s testing procedures are designed to provide reliable and accurate results. Wisdom Panel Insights is intended for use on mixed-breed dogs. The test was designed specifically to look for multiple breeds in a dog’s ancestry and was not designed to validate the purity of a purebred dog. Mars Veterinary is not responsible for any errors in obtaining the swab sample or for any injuries or loss that may occur as a result. In the unlikely event that it is not possible to determine breed history or that an error in the analysis occurs, liability by Mars Veterinary or related companies and individuals is disclaimed and damages in any event are limited to the payment actually received by Mars Veterinary for the specified analysis at issue. Wisdom Panel Insights is based upon the Mars Veterinary database of validated breeds. If your dog contains other breeds, it may result in the identification of breeds, or a combination of breeds in the database, related to the breeds in your pet’s history. Many cities and communities have breed-specific ordinances and laws that may require special handling or prohibit the ownership of some dogs with a particular breed in their genetic background. Neither Mars Veterinary nor any related company is responsible for compliance or notification regarding these matters. You may want to check with your local authorities to determine if your dog’s genetic profile requires compliance with any laws, regulations, or ordinances in your area.


Dog Name: Annie Owner Name: Sonja Bittner May 5, 2010

Re: Sample 3000006378

I confirm that this is a genuine Wisdom Panel Insights test result from Annie’s DNA analysis of more than 300 genetic markers. The purebred dog breed signature matches reported are those that were detected in the last three generations of Annie’s recent ancestry using Mars Veterinary’s proprietary breed detection algorithm.

Dr. Neale Fretwell

Research & Development Director


Annie