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11 Environmental Complexity and Designing Activity

On the other hand, we have several tools for orientating design decisions; these instruments are described in the third chapter.

11.2 Methods and Tools for Design for Environmental Sustainability Obviously, the designer has to have from the very beginning proper information and decision support tools in order to avoid illusory decisions or strategies and to visualise and focus with certain reliability on the most important fields in which to intervene. That is, the designer has to have instruments for analysis and assessment, together with tools for decision orientation. To understand which support tools might become useful for the designer we should take as a background a simplified scheme of different stages of a product, service or system development (Fig. 11.1). In Fig. 11.1 we outline the development stages that define the concept, develop an executive project and end with engineering. This scheme describes product design, but is equally valid in the case of service development or in the more complex case of system development, which takes into account simultaneously different products and services along with the stakeholder configuration – their interactions really. As the following chapters will show us, these methods and tools have been developed for solving three specific objectives and support the designer: • In assessing the existing system and identifying the priorities for design intervention • In orientating the design decisions towards greater sustainability • In estimating the possible improvements, in sustainability terms, of ongoing development These methods and tools have been developed (or are being developed) with the objective of being integrated in the design process, to be adapted to (or adapt) the different stages of the development process. In these chapters we will see what has been done, what are the limitations and what still has to be done (to become available for the designers). But first, a couple of observations. It is probably obvious, but necessary to know, that to integrate the sustainability requirements – the appropriate methods and tools – during the primary development stages becomes more effective (Fig. 11.1). It is exactly during these stages that some more influential decisions are determined. The obtainable degree of innovation would be greater and so would be the potential for reducing environmental impact. Concerning the demand for developing such instruments that are case-specific (according to the producer or product), it could be said that the methods, tools and general information on the design for environmental sustainability have their im-

Design for Environmental Sustainability  

Download: versi pdf [http://www.ziddu.com/download/12569881/DesignforEnvironmentalSustainability.pdf.html] versi zip [http://www.ziddu.com/...

Design for Environmental Sustainability  

Download: versi pdf [http://www.ziddu.com/download/12569881/DesignforEnvironmentalSustainability.pdf.html] versi zip [http://www.ziddu.com/...

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