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7 Product Lifetime Optimisation

Even more remarkable is the design for products for shared use. Collectively used products that offer simultaneously the same performance for many users are significantly more efficient. Moreover, the intensification of production batches is achieved by reducing the surplus. This can be attained by offering products on demand or on availability. Guidelines for intensifying use: • Design products and services for shared use (Example 7.25) • Design multifunctional products equipped with replaceable common components (Examples 7.26) • Design products with integrated functions (Examples 7.27) • Design products or components on demand (Example 7.28) • Design products or components on availability (Example 7.29)

Examples 7.25 Stattauto in Berlin is one of the oldest car-sharing networks. This kind of service consists of a certain amount of cars available to members. Members pay a service fee and a rate per kilometre. Every user has to book in advance his car usage, but from the other side the costs are considerably lower and a wider variety of cars are available: economy, luxury and transportation cars. 7.26.1 Several appliances combine telephone, fax and answering machine in one product. 7.26.2 Laptop computers combine the keyboard, screen and hard-drive into one product that has smaller dimensions. 7.27.1 Several kitchen appliances are equipped with different components to mince, chop, knead and mix food products. Only one engine and base of unit is needed, which reduces the total amount of components with equal performance. 7.27.2 A wristwatch, produced by Swatch, besides its traditional function, turns into a lift ticket in skiing areas.

Example 7.27.2 Wristwatch – skiing lift ticket, Swatch

Design for Environmental Sustainability  

Download: versi pdf [http://www.ziddu.com/download/12569881/DesignforEnvironmentalSustainability.pdf.html] versi zip [http://www.ziddu.com/...

Design for Environmental Sustainability  

Download: versi pdf [http://www.ziddu.com/download/12569881/DesignforEnvironmentalSustainability.pdf.html] versi zip [http://www.ziddu.com/...

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