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With fall just around the corner explore the new ideas , decorations, and examples offered in the is years interior magazine. OCT. 2, 2012

Table of Contents Thesis About the Editor Elements of Design: Line • Straight Horizontal • Straight Vertical • Curved Flowing • Curved Tightly Texture • Surface Quality Real • Implied • Non-Reflective • Reflective Light • Art • Task • Track • Natural Color • Monochromatic • Analogous • Direct Complimentary • Split Complimentary Space • Positive • Negative • Crowding Territoriality • Abstract

Shape • Geometric • Natural/Organic • Dynamic Form • Geometric • Natural • Abstract • Non-Objective

Principles Of Design: Balance • Visual Symmetry • Structural Symmetry • Visual Asymmetry • Visual Radial Symmetry Harmony • Unity through Line • Unity through Color • Unity through Shape • Unity through Repetition Emphasis • Focal Point-Visual • Focal Point- Structural Massing • Actual Density • Optical Density Rhythm • Repetitive • Climatic • Contrast • Transitional/Flowing Proportion • In Proportion with space • Not in Proportion with space Scale • Human Scale • Symbolic Scale

Design Thesis

This magazine is designed to be a interesting and educational read for anyone interested in interior design. This magazine will list and give examples of each principle and element of design. Furthermore, this magazine will teach its reader about what to look for in interiors when it comes to principles and elements but also to give ideas to broaden the imagination of any reader.

About the Editor

My life started on a small island called Okinawa. After spending the first two years of my life in Japan, my family and I moved to New Jersey for a year. We then relocated to Europe and spent the next three and a half years in Germany. This is where my love for art and creativity started. I always loved color and creativity. I started drawing and haven’t stopped since. We soon moved to Colorado where I spent the next nine years of my life. I continued to draw and discover the creativity of taking a space and making it my own through color and design. Everywhere I went I saw things that I would take as mental picture and use it as inspiration in my art work. We then moved to North Carolina, where my family and I have lived for three years. I was able to redesign my own room. All this has brought me to East Carolina where I can expand my knowledge and creativity through the interior design program.

Elements of Design Line Texture Light Color Space Shape Form

Line Straight Horizontal Straight Vertical

Curved Flowing Curved Tightly


The bridge has strong horizontal lines running across the bottom creating stability.

Greenville, NC

This fence separates the road from a landowner’s land. It is lined with strong horizontals.


Straight vertical lines can be seen in homes creating structure and strength.

Greenville, NC Boone, NC

Straight vertical lines can also be seen in nature and can be used as inspiration in architecture.


Greenville, NC Boone, NC

Curved lines can be seen everywhere. Winding paths that weave through land and parks are an example of that.


Lines that are tightly curved can be seen in the ripples of the river. Greenville, NC


Surface Quality Real


Implied Texture



Real texture can be seen everywhere in nature. Holly bushes are a perfect example of that.

Greenville, NC


Leaves are another great example of real texture.


Clouds look as though we could touch them and feel them, however their texture is nonexistent. Greenville, NC

Clouds may be the best example of implied texture seen in nature.

T E X T U R E Fayetteville, NC

Nature can reflect many things however, there are many settings and textures in nature that do not reflect at all.


Wood chips and grass are perfect examples of nonreflective surfaces in nature

Greenville, NC

R E F L E C T I V E Reflective texture can be seen all throughout nature especially in water. The surface creates a glass like reflection.

Reflections off the surface of the water can vary in clarity but are reflective all the same.

T E X T U R E Fayetteville, NC

Light Soffit Task

Track Natural


Track lighting is an easy and efficient way to light a specific area. Fayetteville, NC

N A T U R A L Natural lighting can give off an elegant glow creating beauty, or it can give glares that cause poor visibility.

Fayetteville, NC Lake George, NY

This recessed soffit lighting is called an eyeball directional lamp. It lights the area in a specific direction.

S O F F I T Soffit recessed lighting is an easy and efficient way to light a designated area.

This recessed luminaire is another type of soffit light that directionall y lights the surrounding area.

Fayetteville, NC

This desk lamp is a task light because it specifically lights an area on the desk for the specific task of doing desk work.


This task light is another type of task light that allows concentrated light on the specific work area.

Task lighting is used to light a specific area used for a specific task. Fayetteville, NC





A monochromatic design scheme is a room that would all be the same color in different shades. The picture on the top is an example of a monochromatic room because the oak table is a darker shade of the yellow paint on the walls. The picture on the bottom is a monochromatic room of blue. The wall paper and towel blend together to make a blue theme throughout the whole room.

Fayetteville, NC


Analogous color schemes are schemes that are adjacent to each other on the color wheel. With autumn in full swing, analogous colors are present just about anywhere. Fall table center pieces show a perfect example of analogous color schemes.

Fayetteville, NC

Direct Complimentary Direct complimentary color schemes are two colors that are directly across from each other on the color wheel. Green and red is one example of a direct complimentary color scheme and the two pictures on the right are examples of that color scheme.

Fayetteville, NC

Split Complimentary

Split complimentary color schemes are variations to the direct complimentary scheme. The split color scheme uses one color and instead of using the direct opposite of that color it uses the two adjacent colors next to it. The tree in the background is an example of this. The direct compliment of green in red, but the tree includes green, purple-red, and orange. In the same way the painting of the flowers includes green, orange and purple giving an example of a split complimentary color scheme. Fayetteville, NC



Positive Space Positive space is a space that is occupied by a mass or form. Both of the pictures on the right are examples of positive space. Both take up room in the surrounding area, creating a mass within the space. Fayetteville, NC

Negative space

Negative space is space that is not occupied by a mass , element, or form. The building in the background is a perfect example of negative space because the walls are present but the rough openings of the windows and doors create negative space within the structure. Boone,

Crowding Territoriality Crowding territoriality is the crowding of objects within a space. Many cities through out the world experience crowding. Nature also has a way of bringing this element into play. The picture on the top shows trees within close proximity of each other, but further in the background the trees become so dense that looking through them is impossible. In the same way, the plants in the bottom picture crowd the space along the side of the house. These images are example s of crowding territoriality.

Fayetteville, NC



Abstract Shape

Abstract shape is shape that doesn’t have a specific shape or form. The picture on top contains speckled shapes that have no specific shape to it. The image in the bottom picture is another example of abstract shape because it, in the same way, has no specific shape. It sporadically expands in different directions. These are both examples of abstract shape.

Greenville, NC

Geometric Shape

Geometric shapes can be seen all through out interior design. The major geometric shapes include circles, squares, and triangles. In both of these pictures squares can be seen in the tiling and hard woods of this house.

Fayetteville, NC

Natural Shape

Natural shape is shape and objects that could be seen in nature. These are two pieces of 2D art that are seen in nature.

Fayetteville, NC

Dynamic Shape

Dynamic shapes are 2D shapes that appear to be in motion. The image shows how a painting on the wall can create dynamic shape in interiors.



Geometric Form

Geometric form is very similar to geometric shape except the fact that form is 3D and shape is 2D. The images are both square window and both serve as an example of geometric form.

Fayetteville, NC

Natural Form

Natural form are different masses that are seen in nature. The top image shows a group of trees, and the bottom image is a white flower buried in a bush both are natural or organic and masses in nature and therefore are examples of natural form.

Fayetteville, NC Boone, NC

Abstract Form

Abstract form is taking a mass and warping it to make either a different mass or altering its color. This image is an example of taking antlers and using them as decoration in a home.

Non-Objective Form

Non-objective form is a mass that has no specific shape to it. The image on the top shows how the plant has no specific shape and grows sporadically, the same can be said for the vines growing around the tree in the bottom image. Both are exampled of non-objective form

Fayetteville, NC Greenville, NC

Principle of Design Balance Harmony Emphasis Massing Rhythm Proportion Scale

BALANCE Balance Visual Symmetry Structural Symmetry

Visual Asymmetry Visual Radial Symmetry

Visual Symmetry

Visual Symmetry when a mirror image is created in a space. The image on top displays symmetry and the bottom image creates balance through its mirrored symmetry. Fayetteville, NC

Structural Symmetry

Structural symmetry is created in the architecture of a building or structure. In the image above, structural symmetry can be seen though the windows and shutters. Boone, NC

Visual Asymmetry

Visual asymmetry can be expressed by dissimilar objects sitting at different distances from the center point. The image shows different sofas that are each different distances away from the coffee table in the center of the room. Fayetteville, NC

Visual Radial Symmetry Visual radial symmetry is when the area is centered around a circular point. The table above is radial as the chairs circle around it. The grass is also the center of the radial court yard.

Fayetteville, NC Greenville, NC

Harmony Unity through Line Unity through Shape

Unity through Color Unity through Repetition

Unity through Line

This image above shows unity through line because the strong horizontal lines of the wood boards unifies them together.

Greenville, NC

Unity through shape

The pictures in the image above are examples of unity through shape because they are all ovals. Making a beautiful, unified decoration in any space.

Fayetteville, NC

Unity through Color

The image above is an example of unity through color because all the sofas are the same color. This not only unifies them together but also makes the table the focal point due to the contrast in color. Greenville, NC

Unity through repetition

The image above is an example of unity through repetition because the repetition of the wooden rods makes the eye follow it across the floor. It creates unity as well as beautiful simplicity.

Fayetteville, NC


Focal PointVisual

Focal PointStructural

Focal point visual

The flower in this image is a perfect example of visual focal points because it is the focal point of the image due to the contrast in color and shape. Fayetteville, NC

Focal point structural

The image above is an example of a structural focal point because the red doors have been painted and made to be the center of attention. The contrast in color immediately draws the eye. Fayetteville, NC

Massing Actual Density

Optical Density

Actual density

The image above is an example of actual density because a piano is indeed as dense and heavy as it appears to be. Fayetteville, NC

Optical density

The image above is an example of optical density because mirrors do not look very dense or heavy however, because of the glass and silver sheet behind it, mirrors are a very heavy decoration.

Rhythm Repetitive Climatic

Contrast Transitional/Flowing


Repetition can be seen in many ways. In the image above rhythm through repetition can be seen in the five chairs. They are all identical and helps the eye move along the table to the end of the image. Fayetteville, NC


The image on the left is a climatic example because it starts out simple and leads the eye up the stem and then explodes into radiant color and beauty. The image on the right is also climatic as the eye follows the river up and then is lost in the majesty of the Rockies. Rocky Mountain, CO


The image above is an example of contrast due to the major change in color. The dark red-brown immediately draws the eye as it rests against the white wall and white bed spread. Fayetteville, NC

Transitional/ Flowing

The image above shows the transition of the leaves that change during the fall. The leaves go from green to red and yellow, however, the mountains themselves flow. From top to bottom they create ridges and hills.


Objects in Proportion to space

Objects not in Proportion to Space

Objects in proportion to scale

The vases above are an example of objects that are proportional to scale because they are proportional to the surrounding area. They are an example of human scale. Fayetteville, NC

Objects not in proportion to scale

The picture in the image on the left is not in proportion to the room because it is too small for the surrounding area. The same is true for the shelf in the image on the right, it is not big enough for the wall on which it is mounted. Fayetteville, NC

Scale Human Scale Symbolic Scale

Human scale

Human scale can be determined through different details in the image that explain that the image is proportional to human size. The image could very well be a small model of a room, however the windows reveal trees outside and that shows that the room is indeed proportional to human scale. Fayetteville, NC

Symbolic scale

The spoons in the image above would be thought to be normal human scale spoons, however because of the background, it is seen that these spoons are proportionally large. They are made in symbolic scale.

Work Cited • • • • stic-wood-mirrors • /0807/full/climate.2008.65.html • _travel_guide/hubei_travel_guide.php •

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Principles and Elements of Design